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1. Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
November 2011
CYIV-53001-1.5
CYIV-53001-1.5
This chapter describes the electrical and switching characteristics for Cyclone IV
devices. Electrical characteristics include operating conditions and power
consumption. Switching characteristics include transceiver specifications, core, and
periphery performance. This chapter also describes I/O timing, including
programmable I/O element (IOE) delay and programmable output buffer delay.
This chapter includes the following sections:
■
“Operating Conditions” on page 1–1
■
“Power Consumption” on page 1–15
■
“Switching Characteristics” on page 1–16
■
“I/O Timing” on page 1–38
■
“Glossary” on page 1–38
Operating Conditions
When Cyclone IV devices are implemented in a system, they are rated according to a
set of defined parameters. To maintain the highest possible performance and
reliability of Cyclone IV devices, you must consider the operating requirements
described in this chapter.
Cyclone IV devices are offered in commercial, industrial, extended industrial and,
automotive grades. Cyclone IV E devices offer –6 (fastest), –7, –8, –8L, and –9L speed
grades for commercial devices, –8L speed grades for industrial devices, and –7 speed
grade for extended industrial and automotive devices. Cyclone IV GX devices offer
–6 (fastest), –7, and –8 speed grades for commercial devices and –7 speed grade for
industrial devices.
f For more information about the supported speed grades for respective Cyclone IV
devices, refer to the Cyclone IV FPGA Device Family Overview chapter.
1
Cyclone IV E devices are offered in core voltages of 1.0 and 1.2 V. Cyclone IV E
devices with a core voltage of 1.0 V have an ‘L’ prefix attached to the speed grade.
In this chapter, a prefix associated with the operating temperature range is attached to
the speed grades; commercial with a “C” prefix, industrial with an “I” prefix, and
automotive with an “A” prefix. Therefore, commercial devices are indicated as C6, C7,
C8, C8L, or C9L per respective speed grade. Industrial devices are indicated as I7, I8,
or I8L. Automotive devices are indicated as A7.
© 2011 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, HARDCOPY, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos
are trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance of its
semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any products and
services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information, product, or service
described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device specifications before relying
on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
ISO
9001:2008
Registered
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011
Subscribe
1–2
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1
Cyclone IV E industrial devices I7 are offered with extended operating temperature
range.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Absolute maximum ratings define the maximum operating conditions for Cyclone IV
devices. The values are based on experiments conducted with the device and
theoretical modeling of breakdown and damage mechanisms. The functional
operation of the device is not implied at these conditions. Table 1–1 lists the absolute
maximum ratings for Cyclone IV devices.
c Conditions beyond those listed in Table 1–1 cause permanent damage to the device.
Additionally, device operation at the absolute maximum ratings for extended periods
of time have adverse effects on the device.
Table 1–1. Absolute Maximum Ratings for Cyclone IV Devices (1) —Preliminary
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
VCCINT
Core voltage, PCI Express (PCIe) hard IP
block, and transceiver physical coding sublayer
(PCS) power supply
–0.5
1.8
V
VCCA
Phase-locked loop (PLL) analog power supply
–0.5
3.75
V
VCCD_PLL
PLL digital power supply
–0.5
1.8
V
VCCIO
I/O banks power supply
–0.5
3.9
V
VCC_CLKIN
Differential clock input pins power supply
–0.5
3.9
V
VCCH_GXB
Transceiver output buffer power supply
–0.5
2.625
V
VCCA_GXB
Transceiver physical medium attachment (PMA)
and auxiliary power supply
–0.5
2.625
V
VCCL_GXB
Transceiver PMA and auxiliary power supply
–0.5
1.8
V
VI
DC input voltage
–0.5
3.95
V
IOUT
DC output current, per pin
–25
40
mA
TSTG
Storage temperature
–65
150
°C
TJ
Operating junction temperature
–40
125
°C
Note to Table 1–1:
(1) Supply voltage specifications apply to voltage readings taken at the device pins with respect to ground, not at the
power supply.
Maximum Allowed Overshoot or Undershoot Voltage
During transitions, input signals may overshoot to the voltage shown in Table 1–2 and
undershoot to –2.0 V for a magnitude of currents less than 100 mA and for periods
shorter than 20 ns. Table 1–2 lists the maximum allowed input overshoot voltage and
the duration of the overshoot voltage as a percentage over the lifetime of the device.
The maximum allowed overshoot duration is specified as a percentage of high-time
over the lifetime of the device.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1
1–3
A DC signal is equivalent to 100% duty cycle. For example, a signal that overshoots to
4.3 V can only be at 4.3 V for 65% over the lifetime of the device; for a device lifetime
of 10 years, this amounts to 65/10ths of a year.
Table 1–2. Maximum Allowed Overshoot During Transitions over a 10-Year Time Frame for
Cyclone IV Devices
Symbol
Vi
Parameter
AC Input
Voltage
Condition (V)
Overshoot Duration as % of High Time
Unit
VI = 4.20
100
%
VI = 4.25
98
%
VI = 4.30
65
%
VI = 4.35
43
%
VI = 4.40
29
%
VI = 4.45
20
%
VI = 4.50
13
%
VI = 4.55
9
%
VI = 4.60
6
%
Figure 1–1 shows the methodology to determine the overshoot duration. The
overshoot voltage is shown in red and is present on the input pin of the Cyclone IV
device at over 4.3 V but below 4.4 V. From Table 1–2, for an overshoot of 4.3 V, the
percentage of high time for the overshoot can be as high as 65% over a 10-year period.
Percentage of high time is calculated as ([delta T]/T) × 100. This 10-year period
assumes that the device is always turned on with 100% I/O toggle rate and 50% duty
cycle signal. For lower I/O toggle rates and situations in which the device is in an idle
state, lifetimes are increased.
Figure 1–1. Cyclone IV Devices Overshoot Duration
4.4 V
4.3 V
3.3 V
DT
T
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–4
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
Recommended Operating Conditions
This section lists the functional operation limits for AC and DC parameters for
Cyclone IV devices. Table 1–3 and Table 1–4 list the steady-state voltage and current
values expected from Cyclone IV E and Cyclone IV GX devices. All supplies must be
strictly monotonic without plateaus.
Table 1–3. Recommended Operating Conditions for Cyclone IV E Devices (1),
Symbol
(Part 1 of 2)
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply voltage for internal logic,
1.2-V operation
—
1.15
1.2
1.25
V
Supply voltage for internal logic,
1.0-V operation
—
0.97
1.0
1.03
V
Supply voltage for output buffers,
3.3-V operation
—
3.135
3.3
3.465
V
Supply voltage for output buffers,
3.0-V operation
—
2.85
3
3.15
V
Supply voltage for output buffers,
2.5-V operation
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
Supply voltage for output buffers,
1.8-V operation
—
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
Supply voltage for output buffers,
1.5-V operation
—
1.425
1.5
1.575
V
Supply voltage for output buffers,
1.2-V operation
—
1.14
1.2
1.26
V
Supply (analog) voltage for PLL
regulator
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
Supply (digital) voltage for PLL,
1.2-V operation
—
1.15
1.2
1.25
V
Supply (digital) voltage for PLL,
1.0-V operation
—
0.97
1.0
1.03
V
VI
Input voltage
—
–0.5
—
3.6
V
VO
Output voltage
—
0
—
VCCIO
V
VCCINT
VCCIO
VCCA
(3)
(3), (4)
(3)
VCCD_PLL
(3)
Parameter
(2)
For commercial use
TJ
tRAMP
Operating junction temperature
Power supply ramp time
0
—
85
°C
For industrial use
–40
—
100
°C
For extended temperature (5)
–40
—
125
°C
For automotive use
–40
—
125
°C
50 µs
—
50 ms
—
50 µs
—
3 ms
—
Standard power-on reset
(POR) (6)
Fast POR
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
(7)
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1–5
Table 1–3. Recommended Operating Conditions for Cyclone IV E Devices (1),
Symbol
Parameter
Magnitude of DC current across
PCI-clamp diode when enable
IDiode
(2)
(Part 2 of 2)
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
—
—
—
10
mA
Notes to Table 1–3:
(1) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support
C6, C7, C8, I7, and A7 speed grades.
(2) VCCIO for all I/O banks must be powered up during device operation. All VCCA pins must be powered to 2.5 V (even when PLLs are not used)
and must be powered up and powered down at the same time.
(3) VCC must rise monotonically.
(4) VCCIO powers all input buffers.
(5) The I7 devices support extended operating junction temperature up to 125°C (usual range is –40°C to 100°C). When using I7 devices at the
extended junction temperature ranging from –40°C to 125°C, select C8 as the target device when designing in the Quartus® II software. The I7
devices meet all C8 timing specifications when I7 devices operate beyond 100°C and up to 125°C.
(6) The POR time for Standard POR ranges between 50 and 200 ms. Each individual power supply must reach the recommended operating range
within 50 ms.
(7) The POR time for Fast POR ranges between 3 and 9 ms. Each individual power supply must reach the recommended operating range within
3 ms.
Table 1–4. Recommended Operating Conditions for Cyclone IV GX Devices (Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
Symbol
VCCINT
VCCA
(3)
(1), (3)
VCCD_PLL
VCCIO
(2)
(3), (4)
VCC_CLKIN
(3), (5), (6)
November 2011
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Core voltage, PCIe hard IP block, and
transceiver PCS power supply
—
1.16
1.2
1.24
V
PLL analog power supply
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
PLL digital power supply
—
1.16
1.2
1.24
V
I/O banks power supply for 3.3-V
operation
—
3.135
3.3
3.465
V
I/O banks power supply for 3.0-V
operation
—
2.85
3
3.15
V
I/O banks power supply for 2.5-V
operation
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
I/O banks power supply for 1.8-V
operation
—
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
I/O banks power supply for 1.5-V
operation
—
1.425
1.5
1.575
V
I/O banks power supply for 1.2-V
operation
—
1.14
1.2
1.26
V
Differential clock input pins power
supply for 3.3-V operation
—
3.135
3.3
3.465
V
Differential clock input pins power
supply for 3.0-V operation
—
2.85
3
3.15
V
Differential clock input pins power
supply for 2.5-V operation
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
Differential clock input pins power
supply for 1.8-V operation
—
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
Differential clock input pins power
supply for 1.5-V operation
—
1.425
1.5
1.575
V
Differential clock input pins power
supply for 1.2-V operation
—
1.14
1.2
1.26
V
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–6
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
Table 1–4. Recommended Operating Conditions for Cyclone IV GX Devices (Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VCCH_GXB
Transceiver output buffer power supply
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
VCCA_GXB
Transceiver PMA and auxiliary power
supply
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
V
VCCL_GXB
Transceiver PMA and auxiliary power
supply
—
1.16
1.2
1.24
V
VI
DC input voltage
—
–0.5
—
3.6
V
VO
DC output voltage
—
0
—
VCCIO
V
TJ
Operating junction temperature
For commercial use
0
—
85
°C
For industrial use
–40
—
100
°C
tRAMP
Power supply ramp time
Standard power-on reset
(POR) (7)
50 µs
—
50 ms
—
50 µs
—
3 ms
—
—
—
10
mA
Fast POR
Magnitude of DC current across
PCI-clamp diode when enabled
IDiode
—
(8)
Notes to Table 1–4:
(1) All VCCA pins must be powered to 2.5 V (even when PLLs are not used) and must be powered up and powered down at the same time.
(2) You must connect VCCD_PLL to VCCINT through a decoupling capacitor and ferrite bead.
(3) Power supplies must rise monotonically.
(4) VCCIO for all I/O banks must be powered up during device operation. Configurations pins are powered up by VCCIO of I/O Banks 3, 8, and 9 where
I/O Banks 3 and 9 only support VCCIO of 1.5, 1.8, 2.5, 3.0, and 3.3 V. For fast passive parallel (FPP) configuration mode, the VCCIO level of I/O
Bank 8 must be powered up to 1.5, 1.8, 2.5, 3.0, and 3.3 V.
(5) You must set VCC_CLKIN to 2.5 V if you use CLKIN as a high-speed serial interface (HSSI) refclk or as a DIFFCLK input.
(6) The CLKIN pins in I/O Banks 3B and 8B can support single-ended I/O standard when the pins are used to clock left PLLs in non-transceiver
applications.
(7) The POR time for Standard POR ranges between 50 and 200 ms. VCCINT, VCCA, and VCCIO of I/O Banks 3, 8, and 9 must reach the recommended
operating range within 50 ms.
(8) The POR time for Fast POR ranges between 3 and 9 ms. VCCINT, VCCA, and VCCIO of I/O Banks 3, 8, and 9 must reach the recommended operating
range within 3 ms.
ESD Performance
This section lists the electrostatic discharge (ESD) voltages using the human body
model (HBM) and charged device model (CDM) for Cyclone IV devices general
purpose I/Os (GPIOs) and high-speed serial interface (HSSI) I/Os. Table 1–5 lists the
ESD for Cyclone IV devices GPIOs and HSSI I/Os.
Table 1–5. ESD for Cyclone IV Devices GPIOs and HSSI I/Os
Symbol
VESDHBM
VESDCDM
Parameter
ESD voltage using the HBM (GPIOs) (1)
ESD using the HBM (HSSI I/Os)
(2)
ESD using the CDM (GPIOs)
ESD using the CDM (HSSI I/Os)
(2)
Passing Voltage
Unit
± 2000
V
± 1000
V
± 500
V
± 250
V
Notes to Table 1–5:
(1) The passing voltage for EP4CGX15 and EP4CGX30 row I/Os is ±1000V.
(2) This value is applicable only to Cyclone IV GX devices.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1–7
DC Characteristics
This section lists the I/O leakage current, pin capacitance, on-chip termination (OCT)
tolerance, and bus hold specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Supply Current
The device supply current requirement is the minimum current drawn from the
power supply pins that can be used as a reference for power size planning. Use the
Excel-based early power estimator (EPE) to get the supply current estimates for your
design because these currents vary greatly with the resources used. Table 1–6 lists the
I/O pin leakage current for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–6. I/O Pin Leakage Current for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
Symbol
Parameter
(2)
Conditions
Device
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
II
Input pin leakage current
VI = 0 V to VCCIOMAX
—
–10
—
10
A
IOZ
Tristated I/O pin leakage
current
VO = 0 V to VCCIOMAX
—
–10
—
10
A
Notes to Table 1–6:
(1) This value is specified for normal device operation. The value varies during device power-up. This applies for all VCCIO settings (3.3, 3.0, 2.5,
1.8, 1.5, and 1.2 V).
(2) The 10 A I/O leakage current limit is applicable when the internal clamping diode is off. A higher current can be observed when the diode is on.
Bus Hold
The bus hold retains the last valid logic state after the source driving it either enters
the high impedance state or is removed. Each I/O pin has an option to enable bus
hold in user mode. Bus hold is always disabled in configuration mode.
Table 1–7 lists bus hold specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–7. Bus Hold Parameter for Cyclone IV Devices (Part 1 of 2) (1)—Preliminary
VCCIO (V)
Parameter
Condition
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.5
3.0
3.3
Unit
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Bus hold
low,
sustaining
current
VIN > VIL
(maximum)
8
—
12
—
30
—
50
—
70
—
70
—
A
Bus hold
high,
sustaining
current
VIN < VIL
(minimum)
–8
—
–12
—
–30
—
–50
—
–70
—
–70
—
A
Bus hold
low,
overdrive
current
0 V < VIN < VCCIO
—
125
—
175
—
200
—
300
—
500
—
500
A
Bus hold
high,
overdrive
current
0 V < VIN < VCCIO
—
–125
—
–175
—
–200
—
–300
—
–500
—
–500
A
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–8
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
Table 1–7. Bus Hold Parameter for Cyclone IV Devices (Part 2 of 2) (1)—Preliminary
VCCIO (V)
Parameter
Bus hold trip
point
Condition
—
1.2
1.5
Min
Max
0.3
0.9
Min
1.8
2.5
3.0
3.3
Unit
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
0.375 1.125
0.68
1.07
0.7
1.7
0.8
2
0.8
2
V
Note to Table 1–7:
(1) Bus hold trip points are based on the calculated input voltages from the JEDEC standard.
OCT Specifications
Table 1–8 lists the variation of OCT without calibration across process, temperature,
and voltage (PVT).
Table 1–8. Series OCT Without Calibration Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices—Preliminary
Resistance Tolerance
Description
Series OCT without
calibration
Industrial, Extended
industrial, and
Automotive Maximum
Unit
Commercial Maximum
3.0
±30
±40
%
2.5
±30
±40
%
1.8
±40
±50
%
1.5
±50
±50
%
1.2
±50
±50
%
VCCIO (V)
OCT calibration is automatically performed at device power-up for OCT-enabled
I/Os.
Table 1–9 lists the OCT calibration accuracy at device power-up.
Table 1–9. Series OCT with Calibration at Device Power-Up Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices
—Preliminary
Calibration Accuracy
Description
Series OCT with
calibration at device
power-up
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
Industrial, Extended
industrial, and
Automotive Maximum
Unit
Commercial Maximum
3.0
±10
±10
%
2.5
±10
±10
%
1.8
±10
±10
%
1.5
±10
±10
%
1.2
±10
±10
%
VCCIO (V)
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1–9
The OCT resistance may vary with the variation of temperature and voltage after
calibration at device power-up. Use Table 1–10 and Equation 1–1 to determine the
final OCT resistance considering the variations after calibration at device power-up.
Table 1–10 lists the change percentage of the OCT resistance with voltage and
temperature.
Table 1–10. OCT Variation After Calibration at Device Power-Up for Cyclone IV Devices—
Preliminary
Nominal Voltage
dR/dT (%/°C)
dR/dV (%/mV)
3.0
0.262
–0.026
2.5
0.234
–0.039
1.8
0.219
–0.086
1.5
0.199
–0.136
1.2
0.161
–0.288
Equation 1–1. Final OCT Resistance (1),
RV = (V2 – V1) × 1000 × dR/dV –––––
RT = (T2 – T1) × dR/dT –––––
(2), (3), (4), (5), (6)
(7)
(8)
For Rx < 0; MFx = 1/ (|Rx|/100 + 1) –––––
For Rx > 0; MFx = Rx/100 + 1 –––––
MF = MFV × MFT –––––
(9)
(10)
(11)
Rfinal = Rinitial × MF –––––
(12)
Notes to Equation 1–1:
(1) T2 is the final temperature.
(2) T1 is the initial temperature.
(3) MF is multiplication factor.
(4) Rfinal is final resistance.
(5) Rinitial is initial resistance.
(6) Subscript x refers to both V and T.
(7) RV is a variation of resistance with voltage.
(8) RT is a variation of resistance with temperature.
(9) dR/dT is the change percentage of resistance with temperature after calibration at device power-up.
(10) dR/dV is the change percentage of resistance with voltage after calibration at device power-up.
(11) V2 is final voltage.
(12) V1 is the initial voltage.
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–10
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
Example 1–1 shows how to calculate the change of 50-I/O impedance from 25°C at
3.0 V to 85°C at 3.15 V.
Example 1–1. Impedance Change
RV = (3.15 – 3) × 1000 × –0.026 = –3.83
RT = (85 – 25) × 0.262 = 15.72
Because RV is negative,
MFV = 1 / (3.83/100 + 1) = 0.963
Because RT is positive,
MFT = 15.72/100 + 1 = 1.157
MF = 0.963 × 1.157 = 1.114
Rfinal = 50 × 1.114 = 55.71 
Pin Capacitance
Table 1–11 lists the pin capacitance for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–11. Pin Capacitance for Cyclone IV Devices —Preliminary
Symbol
Parameter
Typical –
Quad Flat
Pack
(QFP)
Typical –
Quad Flat
No Leads
(QFN)
Typical –
Fineline
BGA
(FBGA)
Unit
CIOTB
Input capacitance on top and bottom I/O pins
7
7
6
pF
CIOLR
Input capacitance on right I/O pins
7
7
5
pF
CLVDSLR
Input capacitance on right I/O pins with dedicated LVDS output
8
8
7
pF
CVREFLR
Input capacitance on right dual-purpose VREF pin when used as
VREF or user I/O pin
21
21
21
pF
23
23
pF
(1)
(1)
Input capacitance on top and bottom dual-purpose VREF pin when
used as VREF or user I/O pin
CCLKTB
Input capacitance on top and bottom dedicated clock input pins
7
7
6
pF
CCLKLR
Input capacitance on right dedicated clock input pins
6
6
5
pF
CVREFTB
23
(2)
Notes to Table 1–11:
(1) When you use the VREF pin as a regular input or output, you can expect a reduced performance of toggle rate and tCO because of higher pin
capacitance.
(2) CVREFTB for the EP4CE22 device is 30 pF.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1–11
Internal Weak Pull-Up and Weak Pull-Down Resistor
Table 1–12 lists the weak pull-up and pull-down resistor values for Cyclone IV
devices.
Table 1–12. Internal Weak Pull-Up and Weak Pull-Down Resistor Values for Cyclone IV Devices (1) —Preliminary
Symbol
R_PU
R_PD
Parameter
Conditions
Value of the I/O pin pull-up resistor
before and during configuration, as
well as user mode if you enable the
programmable pull-up resistor option
Value of the I/O pin pull-down resistor
before and during configuration
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 5%
(2), (3)
7
25
41
k
VCCIO = 3.0 V ± 5%
(2), (3)
7
28
47
k
VCCIO = 2.5 V ± 5%
(2), (3)
8
35
61
k
VCCIO = 1.8 V ± 5%
(2), (3)
10
57
108
k
VCCIO = 1.5 V ± 5%
(2), (3)
13
82
163
k
VCCIO = 1.2 V ± 5%
(2), (3)
19
143
351
k
VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 5%
(4)
6
19
30
k
VCCIO = 3.0 V ± 5%
(4)
6
22
36
k
VCCIO = 2.5 V ± 5%
(4)
6
25
43
k
VCCIO = 1.8 V ± 5%
(4)
7
35
71
k
VCCIO = 1.5 V ± 5%
(4)
8
50
112
k
Notes to Table 1–12:
(1) All I/O pins have an option to enable weak pull-up except the configuration, test, and JTAG pins. The weak pull-down feature is only available
for JTAG TCK.
(2) Pin pull-up resistance values may be lower if an external source drives the pin higher than VCCIO.
(3) R_PU = (VCCIO – VI)/IR_PU
Minimum condition: –40°C; VCCIO = VCC + 5%, VI = VCC + 5% – 50 mV;
Typical condition: 25°C; VCCIO = VCC, VI = 0 V;
Maximum condition: 100°C; VCCIO = VCC – 5%, VI = 0 V; in which VI refers to the input voltage at the I/O pin.
(4) R_PD = VI/IR_PD
Minimum condition: –40°C; VCCIO = VCC + 5%, VI = 50 mV;
Typical condition: 25°C; VCCIO = VCC, VI = VCC – 5%;
Maximum condition: 100°C; VCCIO = VCC – 5%, VI = VCC – 5%; in which VI refers to the input voltage at the I/O pin.
Hot-Socketing
Table 1–13 lists the hot-socketing specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–13. Hot-Socketing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices —Preliminary
Symbol
Parameter
Maximum
IIOPIN(DC)
DC current per I/O pin
300 A
IIOPIN(AC)
AC current per I/O pin
8 mA
IXCVRTX(DC)
DC current per transceiver TX pin
100 mA
IXCVRRX(DC)
DC current per transceiver RX pin
50 mA
(1)
Note to Table 1–13:
(1) The I/O ramp rate is 10 ns or more. For ramp rates faster than 10 ns, |IIOPIN| = C dv/dt, in which C is the I/O pin
capacitance and dv/dt is the slew rate.
1
November 2011
During hot-socketing, the I/O pin capacitance is less than 15 pF and the clock pin
capacitance is less than 20 pF.
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–12
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
Schmitt Trigger Input
Cyclone IV devices support Schmitt trigger input on the TDI, TMS, TCK, nSTATUS,
nCONFIG, nCE, CONF_DONE, and DCLK pins. A Schmitt trigger feature introduces
hysteresis to the input signal for improved noise immunity, especially for signals with
slow edge rate. Table 1–14 lists the hysteresis specifications across the supported
VCCIO range for Schmitt trigger inputs in Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–14. Hysteresis Specifications for Schmitt Trigger Input in Cyclone IV Devices—
Preliminary
Symbol
VSCHMITT
Parameter
Hysteresis for Schmitt trigger
input
Conditions (V)
Minimum
Unit
VCCIO = 3.3
200
mV
VCCIO = 2.5
200
mV
VCCIO = 1.8
140
mV
VCCIO = 1.5
110
mV
I/O Standard Specifications
The following tables list input voltage sensitivities (VIH and VIL), output voltage (VOH
and VOL), and current drive characteristics (IOH and IOL), for various I/O standards
supported by Cyclone IV devices. Table 1–15 through Table 1–20 provide the I/O
standard specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–15. Single-Ended I/O Standard Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
VCCIO (V)
3.3-V LVTTL
3.3-V LVCMOS
3.0-V LVTTL
(3)
(3)
3.0-V LVCMOS
(3)
VIH (V)
—Preliminary
VOL (V)
VOH (V)
IOH
(mA)
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Max
Min
IOL
(mA)
3.135
3.3
3.465
—
0.8
1.7
3.6
0.45
2.4
4
–4
3.135
3.3
3.465
—
0.8
1.7
3.6
0.2
VCCIO – 0.2
2
–2
2.85
3.0
3.15
–0.3
0.8
1.7
VCCIO + 0.3
0.45
2.4
4
–4
I/O Standard
(3)
VIL (V)
(2)
2.85
3.0
3.15
–0.3
0.8
1.7
VCCIO + 0.3
0.2
VCCIO – 0.2
0.1
–0.1
2.375
2.5
2.625
–0.3
0.7
1.7
VCCIO + 0.3
0.4
2.0
1
–1
1.8 V
1.71
1.8
1.89
–0.3
0.35 x
VCCIO
0.65 x
VCCIO
2.25
0.45
VCCIO –
0.45
2
–2
1.5 V
1.425
1.5
1.575
–0.3
0.35 x
VCCIO
0.65 x
VCCIO
VCCIO + 0.3
0.25 x
VCCIO
0.75 x
VCCIO
2
–2
1.2 V
1.14
1.2
1.26
–0.3
0.35 x
VCCIO
0.65 x
VCCIO
VCCIO + 0.3
0.25 x
VCCIO
0.75 x
VCCIO
2
–2
3.0-V PCI
2.85
3.0
3.15
—
0.3 x
VCCIO
0.5 x
VCCIO
VCCIO + 0.3 0.1 x VCCIO
0.9 x VCCIO
1.5
–0.5
3.0-V PCI-X
2.85
3.0
3.15
—
0.35 x
VCCIO
0.5 x
VCCIO
VCCIO + 0.3 0.1 x VCCIO
0.9 x VCCIO
1.5
–0.5
2.5 V
(3)
Notes to Table 1–15:
(1) For voltage-referenced receiver input waveform and explanation of terms used in Table 1–15, refer to “Glossary” on page 1–38.
(2) AC load CL = 10 pF
(3) For more information about interfacing Cyclone IV devices with 3.3/3.0/2.5-V LVTTL/LVCMOS I/O standards, refer to AN 447: Interfacing Cyclone III
and Cyclone IV Devices with 3.3/3.0/2.5-V LVTTL/LVCMOS I/O Systems.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
1–13
Table 1–16. Single-Ended SSTL and HSTL I/O Reference Voltage Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1)
—Preliminary
VCCIO (V)
I/O
Standard
VREF (V)
(2)
VTT (V)
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
SSTL-2
Class I, II
2.375
2.5
2.625
1.19
1.25
1.31
VREF –
0.04
VREF
VREF +
0.04
SSTL-18
Class I, II
1.7
1.8
1.9
0.833
0.9
0.969
VREF –
0.04
VREF
VREF +
0.04
HSTL-18
Class I, II
1.71
1.8
1.89
0.85
0.9
0.95
0.85
0.9
0.95
HSTL-15
Class I, II
1.425
1.5
1.575
0.71
0.75
0.79
0.71
0.75
0.79
HSTL-12
Class I, II
1.14
1.2
1.26
0.48 x VCCIO
(3)
0.47 x VCCIO
(4)
0.5 x VCCIO
(3)
0.5 x VCCIO
(4)
0.52 x VCCIO
(3)
0.53 x VCCIO
(4)
0.5 x
VCCIO
—
—
Notes to Table 1–16:
(1) For an explanation of terms used in Table 1–16, refer to “Glossary” on page 1–38.
(2) VTT of the transmitting device must track VREF of the receiving device.
(3) Value shown refers to DC input reference voltage, VREF(DC).
(4) Value shown refers to AC input reference voltage, VREF(AC).
Table 1–17. Single-Ended SSTL and HSTL I/O Standards Signal Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices—Preliminary
VIL(DC) (V)
I/O
Standard
VIH(DC) (V)
VIL(AC) (V)
VIH(AC) (V)
VOL (V)
VOH (V)
IOL
(mA)
IOH
(mA)
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Max
Min
SSTL-2
Class I
—
VREF –
0.18
VREF +
0.18
—
—
VREF –
0.35
VREF +
0.35
—
VTT –
0.57
VTT +
0.57
8.1
–8.1
SSTL-2
Class II
—
VREF –
0.18
VREF +
0.18
—
—
VREF –
0.35
VREF +
0.35
—
VTT –
0.76
VTT +
0.76
16.4
–16.4
SSTL-18
Class I
—
VREF –
0.125
VREF +
0.125
—
—
VREF –
0.25
VREF +
0.25
—
VTT –
0.475
VTT +
0.475
6.7
–6.7
SSTL-18
Class II
—
VREF –
0.125
VREF +
0.125
—
—
VREF –
0.25
VREF +
0.25
—
0.28
VCCIO –
0.28
13.4
–13.4
HSTL-18
Class I
—
VREF –
0.1
VREF +
0.1
—
—
VREF –
0.2
VREF +
0.2
—
0.4
VCCIO –
0.4
8
–8
HSTL-18
Class II
—
VREF –
0.1
VREF +
0.1
—
—
VREF –
0.2
VREF +
0.2
—
0.4
VCCIO –
0.4
16
–16
HSTL-15
Class I
—
VREF –
0.1
VREF +
0.1
—
—
VREF –
0.2
VREF +
0.2
—
0.4
VCCIO –
0.4
8
–8
HSTL-15
Class II
—
VREF –
0.1
VREF +
0.1
—
—
VREF –
0.2
VREF +
0.2
—
0.4
VCCIO –
0.4
16
–16
HSTL-12
Class I
–0.15
VREF –
0.08
VREF +
0.08
VCCIO + 0.15 –0.24
VREF –
0.15
VREF +
0.15
VCCIO +
0.24
0.25 ×
VCCIO
0.75 ×
VCCIO
8
–8
HSTL-12
Class II
–0.15
VREF –
0.08
VREF +
0.08
VCCIO + 0.15 –0.24
VREF –
0.15
VREF +
0.15
VCCIO +
0.24
0.25 ×
VCCIO
0.75 ×
VCCIO
14
–14
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–14
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Operating Conditions
f For more information about receiver input and transmitter output waveforms, and for
other differential I/O standards, refer to the I/O Features in Cyclone IV Devices chapter.
Table 1–18. Differential SSTL I/O Standard Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1)—Preliminary
VCCIO (V)
I/O Standard
SSTL-2
Class I, II
SSTL-18
Class I, II
VSwing(DC) (V)
Min
Typ
Max
2.375
2.5
2.625 0.36 VCCIO VCCIO/2 – 0.2
1.7
1.8
1.90
Min
Max
0.25 VCCIO
VSwing(AC)
(V)
VX(AC) (V)
Min
VCCIO/2 –
0.175
Typ
Max
—
VCCIO/2
+ 0.2
—
VCCIO/2
+ 0.175
VOX(AC) (V)
Min Max
0.7
VCCI
0.5
VCCI
O
O
Min
Typ
Max
VCCIO/2 –
0.125
—
VCCIO/2
+ 0.125
VCCIO/2 –
0.125
—
VCCIO/2
+ 0.125
Note to Table 1–18:
(1) Differential SSTL requires a VREF input.
Table 1–19. Differential HSTL I/O Standard Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1)—Preliminary
VCCIO (V)
VDIF(DC) (V)
VX(AC) (V)
VCM(DC) (V)
VDIF(AC) (V)
I/O Standard
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Mi
n
Max
HSTL-18
Class I, II
1.71
1.8
1.89
0.2
—
0.85
—
0.95
0.85
—
0.95
0.4
—
HSTL-15
Class I, II
1.425
1.5
1.575
0.2
—
0.71
—
0.79
0.71
—
0.79
0.4
—
HSTL-12
Class I, II
1.14
1.2
1.26
0.16
VCCIO
0.48 x VCCIO
—
0.52 x
VCCIO
0.48 x
VCCIO
—
0.52 x
VCCIO
0.3
0.48 x
VCCIO
Note to Table 1–19:
(1) Differential HSTL requires a VREF input.
Table 1–20. Differential I/O Standard Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices
VCCIO (V)
I/O Standard
Min
LVPECL
(Row I/Os)
2.375
Typ
2.5
VID (mV)
Max
2.625
Min
100
Max
—
VIcM (V)
LVDS (Row
I/Os)
2.375
2.375
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
2.5
2.5
2.625
2.625
100
100
—
—
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
(2)
VOD (mV)
Min
Condition
Max
0.05
DMAX500 Mbps
1.80
0.55
500 Mbps  DMAX
 700 Mbps
1.80
1.05
DMAX > 700 Mbps
1.55
0.05
DMAX 500 Mbps
1.80
0.55
500 Mbps  DMAX
700 Mbps
1.80
1.05
DMAX > 700 Mbps
1.55
0.05
DMAX 500 Mbps
1.80
0.55
500 Mbps  DMAX
 700 Mbps
1.80
1.05
DMAX > 700 Mbps
1.55
(6)
LVPECL
(Column
I/Os) (6)
(1)
(3)
VOS (V)
(3)
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
247
—
600
1.125
1.25
1.375
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Power Consumption
1–15
Table 1–20. Differential I/O Standard Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices
VCCIO (V)
I/O Standard
Min
LVDS
(Column
I/Os)
Typ
2.375
2.5
VID (mV)
Max
2.625
Min
100
Max
—
VIcM (V)
(1)
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
(2)
VOD (mV)
Min
Condition
Max
0.05
DMAX  500 Mbps
1.80
0.55
500 Mbps  DMAX
 700 Mbps
1.80
1.05
DMAX > 700 Mbps
1.55
(3)
VOS (V)
(3)
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
247
—
600
1.125
1.25
1.375
BLVDS (Row
I/Os) (4)
2.375
2.5
2.625
100
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
BLVDS
(Column
I/Os) (4)
2.375
2.5
2.625
100
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
2.375
2.5
2.625
—
—
—
—
—
300
—
600
1.0
1.2
1.4
mini-LVDS
(Column
I/Os) (5)
2.375
2.5
2.625
—
—
—
—
—
300
—
600
1.0
1.2
1.4
RSDS® (Row
I/Os) (5)
2.375
2.5
2.625
—
—
—
—
—
100
200
600
0.5
1.2
1.5
RSDS
(Column
I/Os) (5)
2.375
2.5
2.625
—
—
—
—
—
100
200
600
0.5
1.2
1.5
PPDS (Row
I/Os) (5)
2.375
2.5
2.625
—
—
—
—
—
100
200
600
0.5
1.2
1.4
PPDS
(Column
I/Os) (5)
2.375
2.5
2.625
—
—
—
—
—
100
200
600
0.5
1.2
1.4
mini-LVDS
(Row I/Os)
(5)
Notes to Table 1–20:
(1) For an explanation of terms used in Table 1–20, refer to “Glossary” on page 1–38.
(2) VIN range: 0 V  VIN  1.85 V.
(3) RL range: 90  RL  110  .
(4) There are no fixed VIN , VOD , and VOS specifications for BLVDS. They depend on the system topology.
(5) The Mini-LVDS, RSDS, and PPDS standards are only supported at the output pins.
(6) The LVPECL I/O standard is only supported on dedicated clock input pins. This I/O standard is not supported for output pins.
Power Consumption
Use the following methods to estimate power for a design:
■
the Excel-based EPE
■
the Quartus II PowerPlay power analyzer feature
The interactive Excel-based EPE is used prior to designing the device to get a
magnitude estimate of the device power. The Quartus II PowerPlay power analyzer
provides better quality estimates based on the specifics of the design after
place-and-route is complete. The PowerPlay power analyzer can apply a combination
of user-entered, simulation-derived, and estimated signal activities that, combined
with detailed circuit models, can yield very accurate power estimates.
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–16
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
f For more information about power estimation tools, refer to the Early Power Estimator
User Guide and the PowerPlay Power Analysis chapter in volume 3 of the Quartus II
Handbook.
Switching Characteristics
This section provides performance characteristics of Cyclone IV core and periphery
blocks for commercial grade devices.
These characteristics can be designated as Preliminary or Final.
■
Preliminary characteristics are created using simulation results, process data, and
other known parameters. The upper-right hand corner of these tables show the
designation as “Preliminary”.
■
Final numbers are based on actual silicon characterization and testing. The
numbers reflect the actual performance of the device under worst-case silicon
process, voltage, and junction temperature conditions. There are no designations
on finalized tables.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–17
Transceiver Performance Specifications
Table 1–21 lists the Cyclone IV GX transceiver specifications.
Table 1–21. Transceiver Specification for Cyclone IV GX Devices (Part 1 of 4)—Preliminary
Symbol/
Description
C6
C7, I7
C8
Conditions
Unit
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Reference Clock
Supported I/O
Standards
1.2 V PCML, 1.5 V PCML, 3.3 V PCML, Differential LVPECL, LVDS, HCSL
Input frequency
from REFCLK input
pins
—
50
—
156.25
50
—
156.25
50
—
156.25
MHz
Spread-spectrum
modulating clock
frequency
Physical interface
for PCI Express
(PIPE) mode
30
—
33
30
—
33
30
—
33
kHz
Spread-spectrum
downspread
PIPE mode
—
0 to
–0.5%
—
—
0 to
–0.5%
—
—
0 to
–0.5%
—
—
VICM (AC coupled)
VICM (DC coupled)
Transmitter REFCLK
Phase Noise (1)
Transmitter REFCLK
Total Jitter (1)
1100 ± 5%
HCSL I/O
standard for PCIe
reference clock
1100 ± 5%
mV
250
—
550
250
—
550
250
—
550
mV
—
—
–123
—
—
–123
—
—
–123
dBc/Hz
—
—
42.3
—
—
42.3
—
—
42.3
ps
—
—
2000
± 1%
—
—
2000
± 1%
—
—
2000
± 1%
—

—
10
—
125
10
—
125
10
—
125
MHz
—
125
—
—
125
—
—
125
—
MHz
2.5/
37.5
—
50
2.5/
37.5
—
50
2.5/
37.5
—
50
MHz
Frequency offset
= 1 MHz – 8 MHZ
Rref
1100 ± 5%
Transceiver Clock
cal_blk_clk clock
frequency
fixedclk clock
frequency
PCIe Receiver
Detect
reconfig_clk
clock frequency
Dynamic
reconfiguration
clock frequency
(2)
(2)
(2)
Delta time between
reconfig_clk
—
—
—
2
—
—
2
—
—
2
ms
Transceiver block
minimum
power-down pulse
width
—
—
1
—
—
1
—
—
1
—
µs
Receiver
Supported I/O
Standards
November 2011
1.4 V PCML,
1.5 V PCML,
2.5 V PCML,
LVPECL, LVDS
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–18
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Table 1–21. Transceiver Specification for Cyclone IV GX Devices (Part 2 of 4)—Preliminary
C6
Symbol/
Description
Conditions
Data rate (F324 and
smaller package)
C7, I7
C8
Unit
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
—
600
—
2500
600
—
2500
600
—
2500
Mbps
Data rate (F484 and
larger package)
—
600
—
3125
600
—
3125
600
—
2500
Mbps
Absolute VMAX for a
receiver pin (3)
—
—
—
1.6
—
—
1.6
—
—
1.6
V
Operational VMAX for
a receiver pin
—
—
—
1.5
—
—
1.5
—
—
1.5
V
Absolute VMIN for a
receiver pin
—
–0.4
—
—
–0.4
—
—
–0.4
—
—
V
Peak-to-peak
differential input
voltage VID (diff p-p)
VICM = 0.82 V
setting, Data Rate
= 600 Mbps to
3.125 Gbps
0.1
—
2.7
0.1
—
2.7
0.1
—
2.7
V
VICM
VICM = 0.82 V
setting
—
820 ±
10%
—
—
820 ±
10%
—
—
820 ±
10%
—
mV
—
100
—
—
100
—
—
100
—

—
150
—
—
150
—
—
150
—

100 setting
Differential on-chip
termination resistors 150 setting
Differential and
common mode
return loss
PIPE, Serial
Rapid I/O SR,
SATA, CPRI LV,
SDI, XAUI
Programmable ppm
detector (4)
—
Clock data recovery
(CDR) ppm
tolerance (without
spread-spectrum
clocking enabled)
—
CDR ppm tolerance
(with synchronous
spread-spectrum
clocking enabled) (8)
—
tLTD
ppm
±300
(5),
—
—
—
—
350 to
–5350
±350
—
—
(6), (7)
—
—
350 to
–5350
±300
(5),
±350
ppm
(6), (7)
—
—
(7), (9)
350 to
–5350
ppm
(7), (9)
—
—
80
—
—
80
—
—
80
—
UI
No Equalization
—
—
1.5
—
—
1.5
—
—
1.5
dB
Medium Low
—
—
4.5
—
—
4.5
—
—
4.5
dB
Medium High
—
—
5.5
—
—
5.5
—
—
5.5
dB
High
—
—
7
—
—
7
—
—
7
dB
PIPE mode
65
—
175
65
—
175
65
—
175
mV
—
—
—
75
—
—
75
—
—
75
µs
—
15
—
—
15
—
—
15
—
—
µs
—
0
100
4000
0
100
4000
0
100
4000
ns
(10)
tLTR-LTD_Manual
± 62.5, 100, 125, 200,
250, 300
(7), (9)
Programmable
equalization
tLTR
—
—
(6), (7)
Run length
Signal detect/loss
threshold
—
±300 (5),
±350
Compliant
(11)
(12)
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–19
Table 1–21. Transceiver Specification for Cyclone IV GX Devices (Part 3 of 4)—Preliminary
Symbol/
Description
tLTD_Manual
tLTD_Auto
C6
(13)
(14)
Receiver buffer and
CDR offset
cancellation time
(per channel)
Programmable DC
gain
C7, I7
C8
Conditions
Unit
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
—
—
—
4000
—
—
4000
—
—
4000
—
—
—
4000
—
—
4000
—
—
4000
ns
ns
—
—
—
17000
—
—
17000
—
—
17000
recon
fig_c
lk
cycles
DC Gain Setting =
0
—
0
—
—
0
—
—
0
—
dB
DC Gain Setting =
1
—
3
—
—
3
—
—
3
—
dB
DC Gain Setting =
2
—
6
—
—
6
—
—
6
—
dB
Transmitter
Supported I/O
Standards
1.5 V PCML
Data rate (F324 and
smaller package)
—
600
—
2500
600
—
2500
600
—
2500
Mbps
Data rate (F484 and
larger package)
—
600
—
3125
600
—
3125
600
—
2500
Mbps
0.65 V setting
—
650
—
—
650
—
—
650
—
mV
100 setting
Differential on-chip
termination resistors 150 setting
—
100
—
—
100
—
—
100
—

—
150
—
—
150
—
—
150
—

VOCM
Differential and
common mode
return loss
PIPE, CPRI LV,
Serial Rapid I/O
SR, SDI, XAUI,
SATA
Compliant
—
Rise time
—
50
—
200
50
—
200
50
—
200
ps
Fall time
—
50
—
200
50
—
200
50
—
200
ps
Intra-differential pair
skew
—
—
—
15
—
—
15
—
—
15
ps
Intra-transceiver
block skew
—
—
—
120
—
—
120
—
—
120
ps
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–20
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Table 1–21. Transceiver Specification for Cyclone IV GX Devices (Part 4 of 4)—Preliminary
Symbol/
Description
C6
C7, I7
C8
Conditions
Unit
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
PLD-Transceiver Interface
Interface speed
(F324 and smaller
package)
—
25
—
125
25
—
125
25
—
125
MHz
Interface speed
(F484 and larger
package)
—
25
—
156.25
25
—
156.25
25
—
156.25
MHz
Digital reset pulse
width
—
Minimum is 2 parallel clock cycles
Notes to Table 1–21:
(1) This specification is valid for transmitter output jitter specification with a maximum total jitter value of 112 ps, typically for 3.125 Gbps SRIO and XAUI
protocols.
(2) The minimum reconfig_clk frequency is 2.5 MHz if the transceiver channel is configured in Transmitter Only mode. The minimum reconfig_clk frequency
is 37.5 MHz if the transceiver channel is configured in Receiver Only or Receiver and Transmitter mode.
(3) The device cannot tolerate prolonged operation at this absolute maximum.
(4) The rate matcher supports only up to ±300 parts per million (ppm).
(5) Supported for the N148, F169, and F324 device packages only.
(6) Supported for the F484, F672, and F896 device packages only. Pending device characterization.
(7) To support CDR ppm tolerance greater than ±300 ppm, implement ppm detector in user logic and configure CDR to Manual Lock Mode.
(8) Asynchronous spread-spectrum clocking is not supported.
(9) For the EP4CGX30 (F484 package only), EP4CGX50, and EP4CGX75 devices, the CDR ppl tolerance is ±200 ppm.
(10) Time taken until pll_locked goes high after pll_powerdown deasserts.
(11) Time that the CDR must be kept in lock-to-reference mode after rx_analogreset deasserts and before rx_locktodata is asserted in manual mode.
(12) Time taken to recover valid data after the rx_locktodata signal is asserted in manual mode (Figure 1–2), or after rx_freqlocked signal goes high in
automatic mode (Figure 1–3).
(13) Time taken to recover valid data after the rx_locktodata signal is asserted in manual mode.
(14) Time taken to recover valid data after the rx_freqlocked signal goes high in automatic mode.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–21
Figure 1–2 shows the lock time parameters in manual mode.
1
LTD = lock-to-data. LTR = lock-to-reference.
Figure 1–2. Lock Time Parameters for Manual Mode
Reset Signals
2
rx _ analogreset
4
rx _ digitalreset
t LTD_Manual (2)
CDR Control Signals
3
rx _ locktorefclk
t LTR_LTD_Manual (1)
3
rx _ locktodata
Two parallel clock cycles
Output Status Signals
1
busy
Figure 1–3 shows the lock time parameters in automatic mode.
Figure 1–3. Lock Time Parameters for Automatic Mode
Reset Signals
2
rx _ analogreset
4
rx _ digitalreset
Two parallel clock cycles
Output Status Signals
1
busy
3
rx _ freqlocked
t LTD_Auto (1)
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–22
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Figure 1–4 shows the differential receiver input waveform.
Figure 1–4. Receiver Input Waveform
Single-Ended Waveform
Positive Channel (p)
VID
Negative Channel (n)
VCM
Ground
Differential Waveform
VID (diff peak-peak) = 2 x VID (single-ended)
VID
p−n=0V
VID
Figure 1–5 shows the transmitter output waveform.
Figure 1–5. Transmitter Output Waveform—Preliminary
Single-Ended Waveform
Positive Channel (p)
VOD
Negative Channel (n)
VCM
Ground
Differential Waveform
VOD (diff peak-peak) = 2 x VOD (single-ended)
VOD
p−n=0V
VOD
Table 1–22 lists the typical VOD for Tx term that equals 100 ..
Table 1–22. Typical VOD Setting, Tx Term = 100  —Preliminary
VOD Setting (mV)
Symbol
VOD Typical (mV)
1
2
3
400
600
800
4
(1)
900
5
6
1000
1200
Note to Table 1–22:
(1) This setting is required for compliance with the PCIe protocol.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–23
Table 1–23 lists the Cyclone IV GX transceiver block AC specifications.
Table 1–23. Transceiver Block AC Specification for Cyclone IV GX Devices (1),
C6
Symbol/
Description
(2)
—Preliminary
C7, I7
C8
Conditions
PCIe Transmit Jitter Generation
Total jitter at 2.5 Gbps
(Gen1)
Unit
Total jitter at 2.5 Gbps
(Gen1)
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
—
—
0.25
—
—
0.25
—
—
0.25
(3)
Compliance pattern
PCIe Receiver Jitter Tolerance
Min
(3)
Compliance pattern
GIGE Transmit Jitter Generation
Deterministic jitter
(peak-to-peak)
Total jitter (peak-to-peak)
UI
> 0.6
> 0.6
> 0.6
UI
(4)
Pattern = CRPAT
—
—
0.14
—
—
0.14
—
—
0.14
UI
Pattern = CRPAT
—
—
0.279
—
—
0.279
—
—
0.279
UI
GIGE Receiver Jitter Tolerance
(4)
Deterministic jitter
tolerance (peak-to-peak)
Pattern = CJPAT
> 0.4
> 0.4
> 0.4
UI
Combined deterministic
and random jitter
tolerance (peak-to-peak)
Pattern = CJPAT
> 0.66
> 0.66
> 0.66
UI
Notes to Table 1–23:
(1) Dedicated refclk pins were used to drive the input reference clocks.
(2) The jitter numbers specified are valid for the stated conditions only.
(3) The jitter numbers for PIPE are compliant to the PCIe Base Specification 2.0.
(4) The jitter numbers for GIGE are compliant to the IEEE802.3-2002 Specification.
Core Performance Specifications
The following sections describe the clock tree specifications, PLLs, embedded
multiplier, memory block, and configuration specifications for Cyclone IV Devices.
Clock Tree Specifications
Table 1–24 lists the clock tree specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–24. Clock Tree Performance for Cyclone IV Devices (Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
Performance
Device
Unit
(1)
(1)
C7
C8
EP4CE6
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
402
MHz
EP4CE10
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
402
MHz
EP4CE15
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
402
MHz
EP4CE22
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
402
MHz
EP4CE30
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
402
MHz
EP4CE40
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
402
MHz
November 2011
Altera Corporation
C8L
(1)
C6
C9L
I7
I8L
A7
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–24
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Table 1–24. Clock Tree Performance for Cyclone IV Devices (Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
Performance
Device
Unit
(1)
C8L
(1)
(1)
C6
C7
C8
EP4CE55
500
437.5
402
EP4CE75
500
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
—
MHz
EP4CE115
—
437.5
402
362
265
437.5
362
—
MHz
EP4CGX15
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
EP4CGX22
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
EP4CGX30
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
EP4CGX50
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
EP4CGX75
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
EP4CGX110
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
EP4CGX150
500
437.5
402
—
—
437.5
—
—
MHz
C9L
362
265
I7
I8L
437.5
A7
362
—
MHz
Note to Table 1–24:
(1) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades.
PLL Specifications
Table 1–25 lists the PLL specifications for Cyclone IV devices when operating in the
commercial junction temperature range (0°C to 85°C), the industrial junction
temperature range (–40°C to 100°C), the extended industrial junction temperature
range (–40°C to 125°C), and the automotive junction temperature range (–40°C to
125°C). For more information about the PLL block, refer to “Glossary” on page 1–38.
Table 1–25. PLL Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
Symbol
fIN
(3)
fINPFD
fVCO
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Input clock frequency (–6, –7, –8 speed grades)
5
—
472.5
MHz
Input clock frequency (–8L speed grade)
5
—
362
MHz
Input clock frequency (–9L speed grade)
5
—
265
MHz
PFD input frequency
(4)
fINDUTY
tINJITTER_CCJ
(2)
(5)
fOUT_EXT (external clock
output) (3)
5
—
325
MHz
PLL internal VCO operating range
600
—
1300
MHz
Input clock duty cycle
40
—
60
%
Input clock cycle-to-cycle jitter
FREF  100 MHz
—
—
0.15
UI
FREF < 100 MHz
—
—
±750
ps
PLL output frequency
—
—
472.5
MHz
PLL output frequency (–6 speed grade)
—
—
472.5
MHz
PLL output frequency (–7 speed grade)
—
—
450
MHz
PLL output frequency (–8 speed grade)
—
—
402.5
MHz
PLL output frequency (–8L speed grade)
—
—
362
MHz
PLL output frequency (–9L speed grade)
—
—
265
MHz
tOUTDUTY
Duty cycle for external clock output (when set to 50%)
45
50
55
%
tLOCK
Time required to lock from end of device configuration
—
—
1
ms
fOUT (to global clock)
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–25
Table 1–25. PLL Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
Symbol
(2)
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Time required to lock dynamically (after switchover,
reconfiguring any non-post-scale counters/delays or
areset is deasserted)
—
—
1
ms
Dedicated clock output period jitter
FOUT  100 MHz
—
—
300
ps
FOUT < 100 MHz
—
—
30
mUI
Dedicated clock output cycle-to-cycle jitter
FOUT  100 MHz
—
—
300
ps
FOUT < 100 MHz
—
—
30
mUI
Regular I/O period jitter
FOUT  100 MHz
—
—
650
ps
FOUT < 100 MHz
—
—
75
mUI
Regular I/O cycle-to-cycle jitter
FOUT  100 MHz
—
—
650
ps
FOUT < 100 MHz
—
—
75
mUI
tPLL_PSERR
Accuracy of PLL phase shift
—
—
±50
ps
tARESET
Minimum pulse width on areset signal.
10
—
—
ns
tCONFIGPLL
Time required to reconfigure scan chains for PLLs
—
—
SCANCLK
cycles
fSCANCLK
scanclk frequency
—
—
100
MHz
tCASC_OUTJITTER_PERIOD_DEDCLK
Period jitter for dedicated clock output in cascaded
PLLs (FOUT  100 MHz)
—
—
425
ps
Period jitter for dedicated clock output in cascaded
PLLs (FOUT  100 MHz)
—
—
42.5
mUI
tDLOCK
tOUTJITTER_PERIOD_DEDCLK
tOUTJITTER_CCJ_DEDCLK
tOUTJITTER_PERIOD_IO
tOUTJITTER_CCJ_IO
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(8), (9)
3.5
(7)
Notes to Table 1–25:
(1) This table is applicable for general purpose PLLs and multipurpose PLLs.
(2) You must connect VCCD_PLL to VCCINT through the decoupling capacitor and ferrite bead.
(3) This parameter is limited in the Quartus II software by the I/O maximum frequency. The maximum I/O frequency is different for each I/O
standard.
(4) The VCO frequency reported by the Quartus II software in the PLL Summary section of the compilation report takes into consideration the VCO
post-scale counter K value. Therefore, if the counter K has a value of 2, the frequency reported can be lower than the fVCO specification.
(5) A high input jitter directly affects the PLL output jitter. To have low PLL output clock jitter, you must provide a clean clock source that is less
than 200 ps.
(6) Peak-to-peak jitter with a probability level of 10–12 (14 sigma, 99.99999999974404% confidence level). The output jitter specification applies
to the intrinsic jitter of the PLL when an input jitter of 30 ps is applied.
(7) With 100-MHz scanclk frequency.
(8) The cascaded PLLs specification is applicable only with the following conditions:
■
Upstream PLL—0.59 MHz  Upstream PLL bandwidth < 1 MHz
■
Downstream PLL—Downstream PLL bandwidth > 2 MHz
(9) PLL cascading is not supported for transceiver applications.
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–26
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Embedded Multiplier Specifications
Table 1–26 lists the embedded multiplier specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–26. Embedded Multiplier Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices —Preliminary
Resources Used
Performance
Mode
Unit
Number of Multipliers
C6
C7, I7, A7
C8
C8L, I8L
C9L
9 × 9-bit multiplier
1
340
300
260
240
175
MHz
18 × 18-bit multiplier
1
287
250
200
185
135
MHz
Memory Block Specifications
Table 1–27 lists the M9K memory block specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–27. Memory Block Performance Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices —Preliminary
Resources Used
Memory
M9K Block
Mode
Performance
Unit
LEs
M9K
Memory
C6
C7, I7, A7
C8
C8L, I8L
C9L
FIFO 256 × 36
47
1
315
274
238
200
157
MHz
Single-port 256 × 36
0
1
315
274
238
200
157
MHz
Simple dual-port 256 × 36 CLK
0
1
315
274
238
200
157
MHz
True dual port 512 × 18 single CLK
0
1
315
274
238
200
157
MHz
Configuration and JTAG Specifications
Table 1–28 lists the configuration mode specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–28. Passive Configuration Mode Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1)
Programming Mode
VCCINT Voltage Level (V)
1.0
Passive Serial (PS)
Fast Passive Parallel (FPP)
DCLK fMAX
Unit
66
MHz
(3)
1.2
(2)
133
MHz
1.0
(3)
66
MHz
1.2
(4)
100
MHz
Notes to Table 1–28:
(1) For more information about PS and FPP configuration timing parameters, refer to the Configuration and Remote
System Upgrades in Cyclone IV Devices chapter.
(2) FPP configuration mode supports all Cyclone IV E devices (except for E144 package devices) and EP4CGX50,
EP4CGX75, EP4CGX110, and EP4CGX150 only.
(3) VCCINT = 1.0 V is only supported for Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices.
(4) Cyclone IV E devices support 1.2 V VCCINT. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices support 133 MHz DCLK fMAX for
EP4CE6, EP4CE10, EP4CE15, EP4CE22, EP4CE30, and EP4CE40 only.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–27
Table 1–29 lists the active configuration mode specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–29. Active Configuration Mode Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices—Preliminary
Programming Mode
Active Parallel (AP)
(1)
Active Serial (AS)
DCLK Range
Unit
20 to 40
MHz
20 to 40
MHz
Note to Table 1–29:
(1) AP configuration mode is only supported for Cyclone IV E devices.
Table 1–30 lists the JTAG timing parameters and values for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–30. JTAG Timing Parameters for Cyclone IV Devices (1) —Preliminary
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
40
—
ns
tJCP
TCK clock period
tJCH
TCK clock high time
19
—
ns
tJCL
TCK clock low time
19
—
ns
tJPSU_TDI
JTAG port setup time for TDI
1
—
ns
tJPSU_TMS JTAG port setup time for TMS
3
—
ns
tJPH
10
—
ns
tJPCO
JTAG port hold time
—
15
ns
JTAG port high impedance to valid output
(2), (3)
—
15
ns
tJPXZ
JTAG port valid output to high impedance
(2), (3)
—
15
ns
tJSSU
Capture register setup time
5
—
ns
tJSH
Capture register hold time
10
—
ns
tJSCO
Update register clock to output
—
25
ns
tJSZX
Update register high impedance to valid output
—
25
ns
tJSXZ
Update register valid output to high impedance
—
25
ns
tJPZX
JTAG port clock to output
(2), (3)
Notes to Table 1–30:
(1) For more information about JTAG waveforms, refer to “JTAG Waveform” in “Glossary” on page 1–38.
(2) The specification is shown for 3.3-, 3.0-, and 2.5-V LVTTL/LVCMOS operation of JTAG pins. For 1.8-V
LVTTL/LVCMOS and 1.5-V LVCMOS, the output time specification is 16 ns.
(3) For EP4CGX22, EP4CGX30 (F324 and smaller package), EP4CGX110, and EP4CGX150 devices, the output time
specification for 3.3-, 3.0-, and 2.5-V LVTTL/LVCMOS operation of JTAG pins is 16 ns. For 1.8-V LVTTL/LVCMOS
and 1.5-V LVCMOS, the output time specification is 18 ns.
Periphery Performance
This section describes periphery performance, including high-speed I/O and external
memory interface.
I/O performance supports several system interfaces, such as the high-speed I/O
interface, external memory interface, and the PCI/PCI-X bus interface. I/Os using the
SSTL-18 Class I termination standard can achieve up to the stated DDR2 SDRAM
interfacing speeds. I/Os using general-purpose I/O standards such as 3.3-, 3.0-, 2.5-,
1.8-, or 1.5-LVTTL/LVCMOS are capable of a typical 200 MHz interfacing frequency
with a 10 pF load.
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–28
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
f For more information about the supported maximum clock rate, device and pin
planning, IP implementation, and device termination, refer to Section III: System
Performance Specifications of the External Memory Interfaces Handbook.
1
Actual achievable frequency depends on design- and system-specific factors. Perform
HSPICE/IBIS simulations based on your specific design and system setup to
determine the maximum achievable frequency in your system.
High-Speed I/O Specifications
Table 1–31 through Table 1–36 list the high-speed I/O timing for Cyclone IV devices.
For definitions of high-speed timing specifications, refer to “Glossary” on page 1–38.
Table 1–31. RSDS Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
fHSCLK
(input clock
frequency)
Device
operation in
Mbps
C7, I7
(2), (4)
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
C8, A7
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
Unit
Min
Typ
Max Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
×10
10
—
180
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×8
10
—
180
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×7
10
—
180
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×4
10
—
180
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×2
10
—
180
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×1
10
—
360
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
265
MHz
×10
100
—
360
100
—
311
100
—
311
100
—
311
100
—
265
Mbps
×8
80
—
360
80
—
311
80
—
311
80
—
311
80
—
265
Mbps
×7
70
—
360
70
—
311
70
—
311
70
—
311
70
—
265
Mbps
×4
40
—
360
40
—
311
40
—
311
40
—
311
40
—
265
Mbps
×2
20
—
360
20
—
311
20
—
311
20
—
311
20
—
265
Mbps
×1
10
—
360
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
265
Mbps
tDUTY
—
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
%
Transmitter
channel-tochannel skew
(TCCS)
—
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
ps
Output jitter
(peak to peak)
—
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
550
—
—
600
—
—
700
ps
tRISE
20 – 80%,
CLOAD =
5 pF
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
ps
tFALL
20 – 80%,
CLOAD =
5 pF
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
ps
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–29
Table 1–31. RSDS Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
tLOCK
C7, I7
(2), (4)
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
C8, A7
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
(3)
Unit
Min
Typ
—
—
—
Max Min
1
—
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
—
1
—
—
1
—
—
1
—
—
1
ms
Notes to Table 1–31:
(1) Applicable for true RSDS and emulated RSDS_E_3R transmitter.
(2) Cyclone IV E devices—true RSDS transmitter is only supported at the output pin of Row I/O Banks 1, 2, 5, and 6. Emulated RSDS transmitter is supported at the
output pin of all I/O Banks.
Cyclone IV GX devices—true RSDS transmitter is only supported at the output pin of Row I/O Banks 5 and 6. Emulated RSDS transmitter is supported at the output
pin of I/O Banks 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
(3) tLOCK is the time required for the PLL to lock from the end-of-device configuration.
(4) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support C6, C7, C8, I7, and A7
speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
Table 1–32. Emulated RSDS_E_1R Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
—Preliminary
C6
Symbol
C7, I7
C8, A7
(3)
(Part 1 of 2)
C8L, I8L
C9L
Typ
Typ
Max
Modes
Unit
Min
Typ
×10
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
72.5
MHz
×8
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
72.5
MHz
×7
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
72.5
MHz
×4
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
72.5
MHz
×2
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
85
10
—
72.5
MHz
×1
10
—
170
10
—
170
10
—
170
10
—
170
10
—
145
MHz
×10
100
—
170
100
—
170
100
—
170
100
—
170
100
—
145
Mbps
×8
80
—
170
80
—
170
80
—
170
80
—
170
80
—
145
Mbps
×7
70
—
170
70
—
170
70
—
170
70
—
170
70
—
145
Mbps
×4
40
—
170
40
—
170
40
—
170
40
—
170
40
—
145
Mbps
×2
20
—
170
20
—
170
20
—
170
20
—
170
20
—
145
Mbps
×1
10
—
170
10
—
170
10
—
170
10
—
170
10
—
145
Mbps
tDUTY
—
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
%
TCCS
—
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
ps
Output jitter
(peak to peak)
—
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
550
—
—
600
—
—
700
ps
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
ps
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
ps
fHSCLK (input
clock
frequency)
Device
operation in
Mbps
Max Min
Typ
Max Min
Typ
Max Min
Max Min
20 – 80%,
tRISE
CLOAD =
5 pF
20 – 80%,
tFALL
November 2011
CLOAD =
5 pF
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–30
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Table 1–32. Emulated RSDS_E_1R Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
—Preliminary
C6
Symbol
tLOCK
C7, I7
C8, A7
(3)
(Part 2 of 2)
C8L, I8L
C9L
Typ
Typ
Max
—
1
Modes
(2)
—
Unit
Min
Typ
—
—
Max Min
1
—
Typ
—
Max Min
1
—
Typ
—
Max Min
1
—
Max Min
—
1
—
ms
Notes to Table 1–32:
(1) Emulated RSDS_E_1R transmitter is supported at the output pin of all I/O Banks of Cyclone IV E devices and I/O Banks 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 of Cyclone IV GX
devices.
(2) tLOCK is the time required for the PLL to lock from the end-of-device configuration.
(3) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support C6, C7, C8, I7, and
A7 speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
Table 1–33. Mini-LVDS Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
fHSCLK (input
clock
frequency)
Device
operation in
Mbps
C7, I7
(2), (4)
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
C8, A7
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
Unit
Min
Typ
Max Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
×10
10
—
200
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×8
10
—
200
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×7
10
—
200
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×4
10
—
200
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×2
10
—
200
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
155.5
10
—
132.5
MHz
×1
10
—
400
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
265
MHz
×10
100
—
400
100
—
311
100
—
311
100
—
311
100
—
265
Mbps
×8
80
—
400
80
—
311
80
—
311
80
—
311
80
—
265
Mbps
×7
70
—
400
70
—
311
70
—
311
70
—
311
70
—
265
Mbps
×4
40
—
400
40
—
311
40
—
311
40
—
311
40
—
265
Mbps
×2
20
—
400
20
—
311
20
—
311
20
—
311
20
—
265
Mbps
×1
10
—
400
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
311
10
—
265
Mbps
tDUTY
—
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
45
—
55
%
TCCS
—
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
—
—
200
ps
Output jitter
(peak to peak)
—
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
550
—
—
600
—
—
700
ps
tRISE
20 – 80%,
CLOAD =
5 pF
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
ps
tFALL
20 – 80%,
CLOAD =
5 pF
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
—
500
—
ps
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–31
Table 1–33. Mini-LVDS Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
tLOCK
C7, I7
(2), (4)
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
C8, A7
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
(3)
Unit
Min
Typ
—
—
—
Max Min
1
—
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
—
1
—
—
1
—
—
1
—
—
1
ms
Notes to Table 1–33:
(1) Applicable for true and emulated mini-LVDS transmitter.
(2) Cyclone IV E—true mini-LVDS transmitter is only supported at the output pin of Row I/O Banks 1, 2, 5, and 6. Emulated mini-LVDS transmitter is supported at
the output pin of all I/O banks.
Cyclone IV GX—true mini-LVDS transmitter is only supported at the output pin of Row I/O Banks 5 and 6. Emulated mini-LVDS transmitter is supported at the
output pin of I/O Banks 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
(3) tLOCK is the time required for the PLL to lock from the end-of-device configuration.
(4) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support C6, C7, C8, I7, and
A7 speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
Table 1–34. True LVDS Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
C7, I7
C8, A7
(3)
—Preliminary
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
Unit
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
×10
10
420
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×8
10
420
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×7
10
420
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×4
10
420
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×2
10
420
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×1
10
420
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
362
10
265
MHz
×10
100
840
100
740
100
640
100
640
100
500
Mbps
×8
80
840
80
740
80
640
80
640
80
500
Mbps
×7
70
840
70
740
70
640
70
640
70
500
Mbps
×4
40
840
40
740
40
640
40
640
40
500
Mbps
×2
20
840
20
740
20
640
20
640
20
500
Mbps
×1
10
420
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
362
10
265
Mbps
tDUTY
—
45
55
45
55
45
55
45
55
45
55
%
TCCS
—
—
200
—
200
—
200
—
200
—
200
ps
Output jitter
(peak to peak)
—
—
500
—
500
—
550
—
600
—
700
ps
—
—
1
—
1
—
1
—
1
—
1
ms
fHSCLK (input
clock
frequency)
HSIODR
tLOCK
(2)
Notes to Table 1–34:
(1) Cyclone IV E—true LVDS transmitter is only supported at the output pin of Row I/O Banks 1, 2, 5, and 6.
Cyclone IV GX—true LVDS transmitter is only supported at the output pin of Row I/O Banks 5 and 6.
(2) tLOCK is the time required for the PLL to lock from the end-of-device configuration.
(3) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support
C6, C7, C8, I7, and A7 speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–32
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Table 1–35. Emulated LVDS Transmitter Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
fHSCLK (input
clock
frequency)
C7, I7
C8, A7
(3)
—Preliminary
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
Unit
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
×10
10
320
10
320
10
275
10
275
10
250
MHz
×8
10
320
10
320
10
275
10
275
10
250
MHz
×7
10
320
10
320
10
275
10
275
10
250
MHz
×4
10
320
10
320
10
275
10
275
10
250
MHz
×2
10
320
10
320
10
275
10
275
10
250
MHz
×1
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
362
10
265
MHz
×10
100
640
100
640
100
550
100
550
100
500
Mbps
×8
80
640
80
640
80
550
80
550
80
500
Mbps
×7
70
640
70
640
70
550
70
550
70
500
Mbps
×4
40
640
40
640
40
550
40
550
40
500
Mbps
×2
20
640
20
640
20
550
20
550
20
500
Mbps
×1
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
362
10
265
Mbps
tDUTY
—
45
55
45
55
45
55
45
55
45
55
%
TCCS
—
—
200
—
200
—
200
—
200
—
200
ps
Output jitter
(peak to peak)
—
—
500
—
500
—
550
—
600
—
700
ps
(2)
—
—
1
—
1
—
1
—
1
—
1
ms
HSIODR
tLOCK
Notes to Table 1–35:
(1) Cyclone IV E—emulated LVDS transmitter is supported at the output pin of all I/O Banks.
Cyclone IV GX—emulated LVDS transmitter is supported at the output pin of I/O Banks 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
(2) tLOCK is the time required for the PLL to lock from the end-of-device configuration.
(3) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support
C6, C7, C8, I7, and A7 speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
Table 1–36. LVDS Receiver Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
fHSCLK (input
clock
frequency)
HSIODR
C7, I7
C8, A7
(3)
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
Unit
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
×10
10
437.5
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×8
10
437.5
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×7
10
437.5
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×4
10
437.5
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×2
10
437.5
10
370
10
320
10
320
10
250
MHz
×1
10
437.5
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
362
10
265
MHz
×10
100
875
100
740
100
640
100
640
100
500
Mbps
×8
80
875
80
740
80
640
80
640
80
500
Mbps
×7
70
875
70
740
70
640
70
640
70
500
Mbps
×4
40
875
40
740
40
640
40
640
40
500
Mbps
×2
20
875
20
740
20
640
20
640
20
500
Mbps
×1
10
437.5
10
402.5
10
402.5
10
362
10
265
Mbps
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–33
Table 1–36. LVDS Receiver Timing Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1),
C6
Symbol
C7, I7
C8, A7
(3)
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
C8L, I8L
C9L
Modes
Unit
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
SW
—
—
400
—
400
—
400
—
550
—
640
ps
Input jitter
tolerance
—
—
500
—
500
—
550
—
600
—
700
ps
—
—
1
—
1
—
1
—
1
—
1
ms
tLOCK
(2)
Notes to Table 1–36:
(1) Cyclone IV E—LVDS receiver is supported at all I/O Banks.
Cyclone IV GX—LVDS receiver is supported at I/O Banks 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
(2) tLOCK is the time required for the PLL to lock from the end-of-device configuration.
(3) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support
C6, C7, C8, I7, and A7 speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
External Memory Interface Specifications
The external memory interfaces for Cyclone IV devices are auto-calibrating and easy
to implement.
f For more information about the supported maximum clock rate, device and pin
planning, IP implementation, and device termination, refer to Section III: System
Performance Specifications of the External Memory Interface Handbook.
Table 1–37 lists the memory output clock jitter specifications for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–37. Memory Output Clock Jitter Specifications for Cyclone IV Devices (1), (2) —
Preliminary
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Max
Unit
Clock period jitter
tJIT(per)
–125
125
ps
Cycle-to-cycle period jitter
tJIT(cc)
–200
200
ps
Duty cycle jitter
tJIT(duty)
–150
150
ps
Notes to Table 1–37:
(1) Memory output clock jitter measurements are for 200 consecutive clock cycles, as specified in the JEDEC DDR2
standard.
(2) The clock jitter specification applies to memory output clock pins generated using DDIO circuits clocked by a PLL
output routed on a global clock (GCLK) network.
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–34
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Duty Cycle Distortion Specifications
Table 1–38 lists the worst case duty cycle distortion for Cyclone IV devices.
(1), (2), (3)—Preliminary
Table 1–38. Duty Cycle Distortion on Cyclone IV Devices I/O Pins
C6
C7, I7
C8, I8L, A7
C9L
Symbol
Unit
Output Duty Cycle
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
45
55
45
55
45
55
45
55
%
Notes to Table 1–38:
(1) The duty cycle distortion specification applies to clock outputs from the PLLs, global clock tree, and IOE driving the dedicated and general
purpose I/O pins.
(2) Cyclone IV devices meet the specified duty cycle distortion at the maximum output toggle rate for each combination of I/O standard and current
strength.
(3) Cyclone IV E 1.0 V core voltage devices only support C8L, C9L, and I8L speed grades. Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices only support
C6, C7, C8, I7, and A7 speed grades. Cyclone IV GX devices only support C6, C7, C8, and I7 speed grades.
OCT Calibration Timing Specification
Table 1–39 lists the duration of calibration for series OCT with calibration at device
power-up for Cyclone IV devices.
Table 1–39. Timing Specification for Series OCT with Calibration at Device Power-Up for
Cyclone IV Devices (1)—Preliminary
Symbol
Description
Maximum
Units
20
µs
Duration of series OCT with
calibration at device power-up
tOCTCAL
Note to Table 1–39:
(1) OCT calibration takes place after device configuration and before entering user mode.
IOE Programmable Delay
Table 1–40 and Table 1–41 list the IOE programmable delay for Cyclone IV E 1.0 V
core voltage devices.
Table 1–40. IOE Programmable Delay on Column Pins for Cyclone IV E 1.0 V Core Voltage Devices (1),
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
(2)
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths Affected
Number
of
Setting
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
Slow Corner
Unit
C8L
I8L
C8L
C9L
I8L
Input delay from pin to
internal cells
Pad to I/O
dataout to core
7
0
2.054
1.924
3.387
4.017
3.411
ns
Input delay from pin to
input register
Pad to I/O input
register
8
0
2.010
1.875
3.341
4.252
3.367
ns
Delay from output register
to output pin
I/O output
register to pad
2
0
0.641
0.631
1.111
1.377
1.124
ns
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–35
Table 1–40. IOE Programmable Delay on Column Pins for Cyclone IV E 1.0 V Core Voltage Devices (1),
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
(2)
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths Affected
Input delay from
dual-purpose clock pin to
fan-out destinations
Pad to global
clock network
Number
of
Setting
12
Min
Offset
0
Fast Corner
Slow Corner
Unit
C8L
I8L
C8L
C9L
I8L
0.971
0.931
1.684
2.298
1.684
ns
Notes to Table 1–40:
(1) The incremental values for the settings are generally linear. For the exact values for each setting, use the latest version of the Quartus II software.
(2) The minimum and maximum offset timing numbers are in reference to setting 0 as available in the Quartus II software.
Table 1–41. IOE Programmable Delay on Row Pins for Cyclone IV E 1.0 V Core Voltage Devices (1),
(2)—Preliminary
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths Affected
Number
of
Setting
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
Slow Corner
Unit
C8L
I8L
C8L
C9L
I8L
Input delay from pin to
internal cells
Pad to I/O
dataout to core
7
0
2.057
1.921
3.389
4.146
3.412
ns
Input delay from pin to
input register
Pad to I/O input
register
8
0
2.059
1.919
3.420
4.374
3.441
ns
Delay from output register
to output pin
I/O output
register to pad
2
0
0.670
0.623
1.160
1.420
1.168
ns
Input delay from
dual-purpose clock pin to
fan-out destinations
Pad to global
clock network
12
0
0.960
0.919
1.656
2.258
1.656
ns
Notes to Table 1–41:
(1) The incremental values for the settings are generally linear. For the exact values for each setting, use the latest version of the Quartus II software.
(2) The minimum and maximum offset timing numbers are in reference to setting 0 as available in the Quartus II software.
Table 1–42 and Table 1–43 list the IOE programmable delay for Cyclone IV E 1.2 V
core voltage devices.
Table 1–42. IOE Programmable Delay on Column Pins for Cyclone IV E 1.2 V Core Voltage Devices (1), (2) (Part 1 of 2)—
Preliminary
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths
Affected
Number
of
Setting
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
C6
I7
Slow Corner
A7
C6
C7
C8
Unit
I7
A7
Input delay from pin to
internal cells
Pad to I/O
dataout to
core
7
0
1.314 1.211 1.211 2.177 2.340 2.433 2.388 2.508
ns
Input delay from pin to
input register
Pad to I/O
input register
8
0
1.307 1.203 1.203
2.387 2.540 2.430 2.545
ns
Delay from output
register to output pin
I/O output
register to
pad
2
0
0.437 0.402 0.402 0.747 0.820 0.880 0.834 0.873
ns
November 2011
Altera Corporation
2.19
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–36
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
Table 1–42. IOE Programmable Delay on Column Pins for Cyclone IV E 1.2 V Core Voltage Devices (1), (2) (Part 2 of 2)—
Preliminary
Max Offset
Paths
Affected
Parameter
Number
of
Setting
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
C6
Input delay from
dual-purpose clock pin
to fan-out destinations
Pad to global
clock
network
12
0
I7
Slow Corner
A7
C6
C7
C8
Unit
I7
A7
0.693 0.665 0.665 1.200 1.379 1.532 1.393 1.441
ns
Notes to Table 1–42:
(1) The incremental values for the settings are generally linear. For the exact values for each setting, use the latest version of the Quartus II software.
(2) The minimum and maximum offset timing numbers are in reference to setting 0 as available in the Quartus II software.
Table 1–43. IOE Programmable Delay on Row Pins for Cyclone IV E 1.2 V Core Voltage Devices (1), (2)—Preliminary
Max Offset
Paths
Affected
Parameter
Number
of
Setting
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
C6
I7
Slow Corner
A7
C6
C7
C8
Unit
I7
A7
Input delay from pin to
internal cells
Pad to I/O
dataout to
core
7
0
1.314 1.209 1.209 2.201 2.386 2.510 2.429 2.548
ns
Input delay from pin to
input register
Pad to I/O
input register
8
0
1.312 1.207 1.207 2.202 2.402 2.558 2.447 2.557
ns
Delay from output
register to output pin
I/O output
register to
pad
2
0
0.458 0.419 0.419 0.783 0.861 0.924 0.875 0.915
ns
Input delay from
dual-purpose clock pin
to fan-out destinations
Pad to global
clock
network
12
0
0.686 0.657 0.657 1.185 1.360 1.506 1.376 1.422
ns
Notes to Table 1–43:
(1) The incremental values for the settings are generally linear. For the exact values for each setting, use the latest version of the Quartus II software.
(2) The minimum and maximum offset timing numbers are in reference to setting 0 as available in the Quartus II software.
Table 1–44 and Table 1–45 list the IOE programmable delay for Cyclone IV GX
devices.
Table 1–44. IOE Programmable Delay on Column Pins for Cyclone IV GX Devices (1),
(2)
(Part 1 of 2)—Preliminary
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths
Affected
Number
of
Settings
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
Slow Corner
Unit
C6
I7
C6
C7
C8
I7
Input delay from pin to
internal cells
Pad to I/O
dataout to
core
7
0
1.313
1.209
2.184
2.336
2.451
2.387
ns
Input delay from pin to
input register
Pad to I/O
input register
8
0
1.312
1.208
2.200
2.399
2.554
2.446
ns
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Switching Characteristics
1–37
Table 1–44. IOE Programmable Delay on Column Pins for Cyclone IV GX Devices (1),
(2)
(Part 2 of 2)—Preliminary
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths
Affected
Number
of
Settings
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
Slow Corner
Unit
C6
I7
C6
C7
C8
I7
Delay from output
register to output pin
I/O output
register to
pad
2
0
0.438
0.404
0.751
0.825
0.886
0.839
ns
Input delay from
dual-purpose clock pin
to fan-out destinations
Pad to global
clock
network
12
0
0.713
0.682
1.228
1.41
1.566
1.424
ns
Notes to Table 1–44:
(1) The incremental values for the settings are generally linear. For exact values of each setting, use the latest version of the Quartus II software.
(2) The minimum and maximum offset timing numbers are in reference to setting 0 as available in the Quartus II software.
Table 1–45. IOE Programmable Delay on Row Pins for Cyclone IV GX Devices (1),
(2)
—Preliminary
Max Offset
Parameter
Paths
Affected
Number
of
Settings
Min
Offset
Fast Corner
Slow Corner
Unit
C6
I7
C6
C7
C8
I7
Input delay from pin to
internal cells
Pad to I/O
dataout to
core
7
0
1.314
1.210
2.209
2.398
2.526
2.443
ns
Input delay from pin to
input register
Pad to I/O
input register
8
0
1.313
1.208
2.205
2.406
2.563
2.450
ns
Delay from output
register to output pin
I/O output
register to
pad
2
0
0.461
0.421
0.789
0.869
0.933
0.884
ns
12
0
0.712
0.682
1.225
1.407
1.562
1.421
ns
Input delay from
Pad to global
dual-purpose clock pin
clock network
to fan-out destinations
Notes to Table 1–45:
(1) The incremental values for the settings are generally linear. For exact values of each setting, use the latest version of Quartus II software.
(2) The minimum and maximum offset timing numbers are in reference to setting 0 as available in the Quartus II software
November 2011
Altera Corporation
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–38
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
I/O Timing
I/O Timing
Use the following methods to determine I/O timing:
■
the Excel-based I/O Timing
■
the Quartus II timing analyzer
The Excel-based I/O timing provides pin timing performance for each device density
and speed grade. The data is typically used prior to designing the FPGA to get a
timing budget estimation as part of the link timing analysis. The Quartus II timing
analyzer provides a more accurate and precise I/O timing data based on the specifics
of the design after place-and-route is complete.
f The Excel-based I/O Timing spreadsheet is downloadable from Cyclone IV Devices
Literature website.
Glossary
Table 1–46 lists the glossary for this chapter.
Table 1–46. Glossary (Part 1 of 5)
Letter
Term
Definitions
A
—
—
B
—
—
C
—
—
D
—
—
E
—
—
F
fHSCLK
High-speed I/O block: High-speed receiver/transmitter input and output clock frequency.
GCLK
Input pin directly to Global Clock network.
GCLK PLL
Input pin to Global Clock network through the PLL.
H
HSIODR
High-speed I/O block: Maximum/minimum LVDS data transfer rate (HSIODR = 1/TUI).
I
Input Waveforms
for the SSTL
VSWING
Differential I/O
Standard
G
VIH
VREF
VIL
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Glossary
1–39
Table 1–46. Glossary (Part 2 of 5)
Letter
Term
Definitions
TMS
TDI
t JCP
t JCH
t JPSU_TDI
t JPSU_TMS
t JCL
t JPH
TCK
J
JTAG Waveform
tJPZX
t JPXZ
t JPCO
TDO
tJSSU
Signal
to be
Captured
t JSH
tJSZX
t JSCO
t JSXZ
Signal
to be
Driven
K
—
—
L
—
—
M
—
—
N
—
—
O
—
—
The following highlights the PLL specification parameters:
CLKOUT Pins
Switchover
fOUT _EXT
CLK
fIN
N
fINPFD
PFD
P
PLL Block
CP
LF
Core Clock
VCO fVCO
Counters
C0..C4
fOUT
GCLK
Phase tap
M
Key
Reconfigurable in User Mode
Q
November 2011
—
Altera Corporation
—
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–40
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Glossary
Table 1–46. Glossary (Part 3 of 5)
Letter
Term
RL
Definitions
Receiver differential input discrete resistor (external to Cyclone IV devices).
Receiver input waveform for LVDS and LVPECL differential standards:
Single-Ended Waveform
Positive Channel (p) = VIH
VID
Negative Channel (n) = VIL
VCM
R
Ground
Receiver Input
Waveform
Differential Waveform (Mathematical Function of Positive & Negative Channel)
VID
0V
VID
p -n
Receiver input
skew margin
(RSKM)
High-speed I/O block: The total margin left after accounting for the sampling window and TCCS.
RSKM = (TUI – SW – TCCS) / 2.
VCCIO
VOH
VIH (AC )
VIH(DC)
VREF
S
Single-ended
voltagereferenced I/O
Standard
VIL(DC)
VIL(AC )
VOL
VSS
The JEDEC standard for SSTl and HSTL I/O standards defines both the AC and DC input signal
values. The AC values indicate the voltage levels at which the receiver must meet its timing
specifications. The DC values indicate the voltage levels at which the final logic state of the
receiver is unambiguously defined. After the receiver input crosses the AC value, the receiver
changes to the new logic state. The new logic state is then maintained as long as the input stays
beyond the DC threshold. This approach is intended to provide predictable receiver timing in the
presence of input waveform ringing.
SW (Sampling
Window)
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
High-speed I/O block: The period of time during which the data must be valid to capture it
correctly. The setup and hold times determine the ideal strobe position in the sampling window.
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Glossary
1–41
Table 1–46. Glossary (Part 4 of 5)
Letter
T
Term
Definitions
tC
High-speed receiver and transmitter input and output clock period.
Channel-tochannel-skew
(TCCS)
High-speed I/O block: The timing difference between the fastest and slowest output edges,
including tCO variation and clock skew. The clock is included in the TCCS measurement.
tcin
Delay from the clock pad to the I/O input register.
tCO
Delay from the clock pad to the I/O output.
tcout
Delay from the clock pad to the I/O output register.
tDUTY
High-speed I/O block: Duty cycle on high-speed transmitter output clock.
tFALL
Signal high-to-low transition time (80–20%).
tH
Input register hold time.
Timing Unit
Interval (TUI)
High-speed I/O block: The timing budget allowed for skew, propagation delays, and data
sampling window. (TUI = 1/(Receiver Input Clock Frequency Multiplication Factor) = tC/w).
tINJITTER
Period jitter on the PLL clock input.
tOUTJITTER_DEDCLK
Period jitter on the dedicated clock output driven by a PLL.
tOUTJITTER_IO
Period jitter on the general purpose I/O driven by a PLL.
tpllcin
Delay from the PLL inclk pad to the I/O input register.
tpllcout
Delay from the PLL inclk pad to the I/O output register.
Transmitter output waveforms for the LVDS, mini-LVDS, PPDS and RSDS Differential I/O
Standards:
Single-Ended Waveform
Positive Channel (p) = VOH
VOD
Negative Channel (n) = VOL
Vos
Transmitter
Output
Waveform
Ground
Differential Waveform (Mathematical Function of Positive & Negative Channel)
VOD
0V
VOD
p -n
tRISE
Signal low-to-high transition time (20–80%).
tSU
Input register setup time.
U
November 2011
—
Altera Corporation
—
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–42
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Glossary
Table 1–46. Glossary (Part 5 of 5)
Letter
V
Term
Definitions
VCM(DC)
DC common mode input voltage.
VDIF(AC)
AC differential input voltage: The minimum AC input differential voltage required for switching.
VDIF(DC)
DC differential input voltage: The minimum DC input differential voltage required for switching.
VICM
Input common mode voltage: The common mode of the differential signal at the receiver.
VID
Input differential voltage swing: The difference in voltage between the positive and
complementary conductors of a differential transmission at the receiver.
VIH
Voltage input high: The minimum positive voltage applied to the input that is accepted by the
device as a logic high.
VIH(AC)
High-level AC input voltage.
VIH(DC)
High-level DC input voltage.
VIL
Voltage input low: The maximum positive voltage applied to the input that is accepted by the
device as a logic low.
VIL (AC)
Low-level AC input voltage.
VIL (DC)
Low-level DC input voltage.
VIN
DC input voltage.
VOCM
Output common mode voltage: The common mode of the differential signal at the transmitter.
VOD
Output differential voltage swing: The difference in voltage between the positive and
complementary conductors of a differential transmission at the transmitter. VOD = VOH – VOL.
VOH
Voltage output high: The maximum positive voltage from an output that the device considers is
accepted as the minimum positive high level.
VOL
Voltage output low: The maximum positive voltage from an output that the device considers is
accepted as the maximum positive low level.
VOS
Output offset voltage: VOS = (VOH + VOL) / 2.
VOX (AC)
AC differential output cross point voltage: the voltage at which the differential output signals
must cross.
VREF
Reference voltage for the SSTL and HSTL I/O standards.
VREF (AC)
AC input reference voltage for the SSTL and HSTL I/O standards. VREF(AC) = VREF(DC) + noise. The
peak-to-peak AC noise on VREF must not exceed 2% of VREF(DC).
VREF (DC)
DC input reference voltage for the SSTL and HSTL I/O standards.
VSWING (AC)
AC differential input voltage: AC input differential voltage required for switching. For the SSTL
differential I/O standard, refer to Input Waveforms.
VSWING (DC)
DC differential input voltage: DC input differential voltage required for switching. For the SSTL
differential I/O standard, refer to Input Waveforms.
VTT
Termination voltage for the SSTL and HSTL I/O standards.
VX (AC)
AC differential input cross point voltage: The voltage at which the differential input signals must
cross.
W
—
—
X
—
—
Y
—
—
Z
—
—
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
November 2011 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Document Revision History
1–43
Document Revision History
Table 1–47 lists the revision history for this chapter.
Table 1–47. Document Revision History
Date
Version
November 2011
December 2010
1.5
1.4
Changes
■
Updated “Maximum Allowed Overshoot or Undershoot Voltage”, “Operating
Conditions”, and “PLL Specifications” sections.
■
Updated Table 1–2, Table 1–3, Table 1–4, Table 1–5, Table 1–8, Table 1–9,
Table 1–15, Table 1–18, Table 1–19, and Table 1–21.
■
Updated Figure 1–1.
■
Updated for the Quartus II software version 10.1 release.
■
Updated Table 1–21 and Table 1–25.
■
Minor text edits.
Updated for the Quartus II software version 10.0 release:
July 2010
1.3
■
Updated Table 1–3, Table 1–4, Table 1–21, Table 1–25, Table 1–28, Table 1–30,
Table 1–40, Table 1–41, Table 1–42, Table 1–43, Table 1–44, and Table 1–45.
■
Updated Figure 1–2 and Figure 1–3.
■
Removed SW Requirement and TCCS for Cyclone IV Devices tables.
■
Minor text edits.
Updated to include automotive devices:
March 2010
Updated the “Operating Conditions” and “PLL Specifications” sections.
■
Updated Table 1–1, Table 1–8, Table 1–9, Table 1–21, Table 1–26, Table 1–27,
Table 1–31, Table 1–32, Table 1–33, Table 1–34, Table 1–35, Table 1–36,
Table 1–37, Table 1–38, Table 1–40, Table 1–42, and Table 1–43.
■
Added Table 1–5 to include ESD for Cyclone IV devices GPIOs and HSSI I/Os.
■
Added Table 1–44 and Table 1–45 to include IOE programmable delay for
Cyclone IV E 1.2 V core voltage devices.
■
Minor text edits.
■
Updated Table 1–3 through Table 1–44 to include information for Cyclone IV E
devices and Cyclone IV GX devices for Quartus II software version 9.1 SP1 release.
■
Minor text edits.
1.2
February 2010
1.1
November 2009
1.0
November 2011
■
Altera Corporation
Initial release.
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
1–44
Cyclone IV Device Handbook,
Volume 3
Chapter 1: Cyclone IV Device Datasheet
Document Revision History
November 2011 Altera Corporation
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