Chevrolet | BLAZER 2002 | Owner`s manual | Chevrolet BLAZER 2002 Owner`s manual

2002 Chevrolet Blazer
Owner’s Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number C2211 A First Edition
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 06/28/01
All Rights Reserved
i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the
name BLAZER are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after
that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in
Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will
be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
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For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle may be equipped with components and
labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols,
used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text
describing the operation or information relating to a
specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage
your vehicle.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics in the Index:
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
D
D
D
D
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
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“Engine Compartment Overview”
“Instrument Panel”
“Comfort Controls”
“Audio Systems”
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
Model Reference
This manual covers these models:
2-Door Utility
vi
4-Door Utility
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-10
1-15
1-16
1-16
1-22
1-23
1-23
1-31
1-32
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag System
Center Front Passenger Position (Four-Door
Models with Front Bench Seat)
Rear Seat Passengers
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1-38
1-40
1-43
1-55
1-58
1-58
1-59
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults (4-Door Models)
Center Rear Passenger Position
(4-Door Models)
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them, and fold them up and down.
Manual Front Seat
CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1-2
Move the lever located under the front of the manual
seat up to unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it
and release the lever. Try to move the seat with your
body to make sure the seat is locked into place.
Manual Lumbar Support (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, there will be a knob
on the outboard side of the
driver’s bucket seat.
Turn the knob counterclockwise to increase lumbar
support and clockwise to decrease lumbar support.
Horizontal Control: Raise or lower the front of the seat
by raising or lowering the forward edge of the control.
Power Seats (If Equipped)
Raise or lower the rear of the seat by raising or lowering
the rear edge of the control. Move the seat forward or
rearward by moving the whole control toward the front
or the rear of the vehicle.
If your vehicle has this feature, there will be a control
pad on the outboard side of your seat.
Moving the whole control up or down raises or lowers
the whole seat.
Vertical Control: Move the reclining front seatback
forward or rearward by moving the control toward the
front or rear of the vehicle.
1-3
Power Lumbar Control (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, it is located on the
outboard side of the seat(s).
Press and hold the front of the control until you have the
desired lumbar support. To decrease lumbar support,
press and hold the rear of the control.
1-4
Memory Seat (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, the control located
on the outboard side of the
driver’s seat looks like this.
Use this memory function to save your seat cushion and
seatback settings by using the following procedure:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat to a safe and comfortable
driving position.
2. Press the SET button and then press and hold button 1
(for driver 1) for three seconds. A chime will sound to
let you know that the position has been stored.
A second seating and mirror position can be
programmed by repeating the procedure with a second
driver and pressing button 2 for three seconds. Each
time button 1 or 2 is pressed and released while the
vehicle is in PARK (P), the memory position will be
recalled. Each time a memory button is pressed, a
single chime will sound.
3. To program your keyless entry transmitter, if equipped,
press the UNLOCK button within five seconds of
programming the memory button. You will hear a
chime to confirm programming of the transmitter.
When your vehicle is in PARK (P) for an automatic
transmission or the parking brake is engaged for a
manual transmission, press and release the numbered
memory button you just stored. The seat will move to
the set position. You will hear one chime.
Heated Front Seats (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, the controls are
located on the outboard
side of the seats.
Pressing the UNLOCK button of a keyless entry
transmitter will adjust the seat to the corresponding
stored memory position. You will hear one chime.
Repeat Steps 1 and 2 to readjust the seat. The transmitter
need not be reprogrammed unless it needs to correspond
to the other numbered memory button.
If there is a third driver, use the seat adjuster switch to
adjust the seat. Pressing any of the seat adjuster
switches, the SET button or pressing the desired
memory button twice will cause the seat to stop moving.
If you press the numbered button to adjust the seat and
start the vehicle while the seat is still adjusting,
adjustment will pause while the ignition is in START.
Adjustment will resume after the ignition is in RUN.
This feature will quickly heat the lower cushion and
lower back of the driver’s and front passenger’s seats
for added comfort.
Press the lower part of the switch to turn the heater on
low. Press the upper part of the switch to turn the heater
on high. Put the switch in the center position to turn the
heater off.
The passenger’s safety belt must be engaged for the
heated seat feature to work on the passenger’s seat.
1-5
Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust a manual seatback, lift the lever on the
outboard side of the seat.
Release the lever to lock the seatback where you want it.
Pull up on the lever and without pushing on the seatback
the seat will go to an upright position.
If your vehicle is equipped with the vertical power
seat control described earlier, it allows the seatback to
recline also.
1-6
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Head Restraints
CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable
on others. Slide an adjustable head restraint up or down
so that the top of the restraint is closest to the top of
your head. This position reduces the chance of a neck
injury in a crash.
1-7
Seatback Latches
The front seatbacks fold forward to let people get
into the back seat or to access the storage area behind
the seat.
To fold a front seatback
forward, move the lever
located on the side of the
seat rearward and pull the
seatback forward.
1-8
To return the seatback to the upright position, push the
seatback all the way back until the latch catches. If the
seatback was reclined before being folded forward, it
will return to the reclined position.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
Easy Entry Seat (2-Door Models)
Rear Seats
The right front seat of your vehicle makes it easy to get
in and out of the rear seat.
Your vehicle has a folding rear seat which lets you fold
the seatbacks down for more cargo space.
1. Tilt the right front seatback completely forward and
the whole seat will slide forward.
2. Move the seatback to its original position after
someone gets into the rear seat area. Then move the
seat rearward until it locks.
CAUTION:
If an easy entry right front seat isn’t locked, it
can move. In a sudden stop or crash, the person
sitting there could be injured. After you’ve used
it, be sure to push rearward on an easy entry seat
to be sure it is locked.
Tilt the seatback completely forward and slide the whole
seat forward again to get out of the rear seat.
The rear seat release handles are located on the rear of
the seatbacks. Push back on the seatbacks as you pull up
on the handles. The head restraint will automatically
fold out of the way when the seatback is folded down.
To raise the seatbacks, just lift up the seatbacks and
push until they lock in the upright position. Push and
pull on the seatbacks to check that the latches have
locked in the upright position. If they haven’t, see your
dealer for service.
1-9
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
To return the head restraints to the upright position,
reach behind the seats and pull the head restraint up until
it locks into position.
On two-door models with an inside mounted spare tire,
the driver’s side rear seat head restraint must be lifted
and held upright as the seatback is raised. Otherwise, the
head restraint will hit the spare tire and prevent the
seatback from properly latching.
Push and pull on the head restraints to check that they
have locked in the upright position. If they haven’t, see
your dealer for service.
1-10
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
1-11
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-12
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-13
or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-14
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-15
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will
be riding in your vehicle, see the part of this manual
called “Children.” Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-16
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-17
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-18
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-19
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-20
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-21
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-22
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier
in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all
the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all the
way and start again.
Air Bag System
This part explains the air bag system.
Your vehicle has air bags -- one air bag for the driver
and another air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these
air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job and
comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag system:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are designed to work with safety belts, but
don’t replace them. Air bags are designed to
work only in moderate to severe crashes where
the front of your vehicle hits something. They
aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear or
low-speed frontal crashes, or in many side
crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants,
air bags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful air bags have
provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle
should wear a safety belt properly -- whether or
not there’s an air bag for that person.
1-23
CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, as you would be if you were leaning
forward, it could seriously injure you. Safety
belts help keep you in position before and during
a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even
with air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of
the vehicle.
1-24
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air
bag symbol.
How the Air Bag System Works
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-25
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering.
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
1-26
When should an air bag inflate?
What makes an air bag inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the
right front passenger.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
The air bag system is designed to work properly under a
wide range of conditions, including off-road usage.
Observe safe driving speeds, especially on rough terrain.
As always, wear your safety belt. See “Off-Road
Driving” in the Index for more tips on off-road driving.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But air bags
would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as
anything more than a supplement to safety belts,
and then only in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions.
1-27
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
bag -- will be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag
that come into contact with you may be warm, but not
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag
inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or from
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
1-28
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module,
which records information about the air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness
of the system, when the system commands air bag
inflation and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, the bag may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air
bag module in the steering wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
dealer and the service manual have information about
servicing your vehicle and the air bag system. To
purchase a service manual, see “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape
or yellow connectors. They are probably part of
the air bag system. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-29
Adding Equipment to Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Q:
If I add a push bumper or a bicycle rack to the
front of my vehicle, will it keep the air bags
from working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is
attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle’s basic
structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep the
air bags from working properly in a crash.
1-30
Q:
Is there anything I might add to the front of the
vehicle that could keep the air bags from
working properly?
A:
Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s
frame, bumper system, front end sheet metal or
height, they may keep the air bag system from
working properly. Also, the air bag system may not
work properly if you relocate any of the air bag
sensors. If you have any questions about this, you
should contact Customer Assistance before you
modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two
of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this
manual. See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure” in
the Index.
Center Front Passenger Position
(4-Door Models with Front Bench Seat)
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone can sit in
the center position.
When you sit in the center front seating position,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it
along the belt.
1-31
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-32
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted. The shoulder belt may lock if
you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this
happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way, it
will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-33
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-34
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
The safety belt also locks if you pull the belt very
quickly out of the retractor.
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-35
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults
(4-Door Models)
Four-door models have rear shoulder belt comfort
guides. This feature will provide added safety belt
comfort for older children who have outgrown booster
seats and for small adults. When installed on a shoulder
belt, the comfort guide better positions the belt away
from the neck and head.
To provide added safety belt comfort for children who
have outgrown child restraints and for smaller adults,
the comfort guides may be installed on the shoulder
belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide and use the
safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-36
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide
on top.
1-37
Center Rear Passenger Position
(4-Door Models)
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the belt
edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage clip,
and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn the guide and
clip inward and in between the seatback and the interior
body, leaving only the loop of the elastic cord exposed.
1-38
Lap Belt
4. Position and release it the same way as the lap part
of a lap-shoulder belt.
When you sit in the center rear seating position, you
have a lap safety belt which has a retractor.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
3. Feed the lap belt into the retractor to tighten it.
1-39
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the
law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use the
vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-40
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
1-41
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in
a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In
addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
1-42
CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared with
the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
CAUTION:
Restraint Systems for Children
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
1-43
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
1-44
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce
the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
1-45
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so
if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from
the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat outside position
including an infant riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a
child riding in a forward-facing child seat and an older
child riding in a booster seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
1-46
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint would
be very close to the inflating air bag. Always
secure a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat
outside position.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat outside position.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints are
designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for your child restraint. If yours requires that the top
strap be anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is
anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position where
the child restraint will be placed. Raise the head restraint
and route the top strap under it.
1-47
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready to
secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap
when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Anchor brackets for the rear outside seat positions are
located on the floor in the cargo area of your vehicle.
1-48
If your vehicle is equipped with the rear convenience
system, there will be plugs covering the anchor brackets.
To remove the plugs, grasp the edges of the plugs and
pull them out. See “Rear Convenience System” in the
Index for more information. Don’t use the rear set of
tie-down brackets near the liftgate/endgate or the center
tie-down bracket near the rear seats.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-49
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-50
5. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint. If
you’re using a forward-facing child restraint, you may
find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the
child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Center Seat Positions (4-Door Models)
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Don’t use child restraints in these positions.
The restraints won’t work properly.
1-51
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
1-52
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. See
“Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-53
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-54
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-55
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
1-56
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear outside position of a
four-door model, see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides” in the Index. If the child is so small that
the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s
face or neck, you might want to place the child in a
seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-57
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
1-58
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If you ever see a label on
the driver’s or the right
front passenger’s safety belt
that says to replace the belt,
be sure to do so. Then the
new belt will be there to
help protect you in a
collision. You would see
this label on the belt near
the door opening.
1-59
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-6
2-10
2-13
2-17
2-18
2-19
2-20
2-20
2-23
2-25
2-26
2-30
2-33
2-40
2-41
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Keyless Entry System (If Equipped)
Rear Window
Theft
Content Theft-Deterrent (If Equipped)
PasslockR
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transmission Operation
Manual Transmission Operation
Four-Wheel Drive (If Equipped)
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
(Automatic Transmission Only)
2-44
2-45
2-45
2-46
2-47
2-48
2-55
2-58
2-60
2-63
2-75
2-77
2-78
2- 82
2-87
2-100
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
(Automatic Transmission Only)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
(Automatic Transmission)
Locking Rear Axle
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Accessory Power Outlets
Sunroof (If Equipped)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (If Equipped)
The Instrument Panel--Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC) (If Equipped)
2-
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
Manual Windows
Turn the hand crank on each door to raise or lower your
manual side door windows.
2-2
Power Windows (If Equipped)
Express-Down Window
If you have power windows, the controls are located on
the armrests on each of the side doors. The switches
operate the windows when the ignition is in RUN,
ACCESSORY or when Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) is active. (See “Retained Accessory Power” in
the Index.) The driver’s door has a switch for the
passengers windows as well.
The driver’s window has an express-down feature that
allows you to lower it without holding the window
switch. Press the down arrow on the switch marked
AUTO located on the driver’s door briefly to activate
the express-down feature. Lightly tap the switch to open
the window slightly. The express-down feature can be
interrupted at any time by pressing the up arrow end of
the switch.
Lockout Switch
Four-door vehicles have a lockout feature to prevent
passengers from operating the power windows. It is
located on the driver’s door armrest. Press LOCK to
activate this feature. Press NORM and the windows will
return to normal operation.
Press the side of the switch with the down arrow to
lower a window. Press the side of the switch with the up
arrow to raise the window.
2-3
Swing-Out Windows (Two-Door Only)
If your vehicle has
rear swing-out windows,
unlatch them at the clasps
and push out on the glass
to open them.
When you close the window, be sure the latch catches.
2-4
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
This vehicle has one
double-sided key for the
ignition, endgate, spare tire
lock (two-door vehicles)
and door locks. It will fit
with either side up.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer provides
the owner with a pair of identical keys and a key
code number.
2-5
The key code number tells your dealer or a qualified
locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep this number in
a safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll be able to have
new ones made easily using this number. Your selling
dealer should also have this number.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your key inside. You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in. So be sure you have an
extra key.
If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, contact
roadside assistance for help. See “Roadside Assistance”
in the Index for more information.
2-6
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle:
Power Door Locks (If Equipped)
D You can use the keyless entry system, if your vehicle
has this feature.
D You can use your key to unlock your door from
the outside.
D You can use the power lock switch (if equipped) to
lock or unlock the doors.
To manually lock a
door from the inside,
slide the manual lever
on your door down. To
manually unlock a
door from the inside,
slide the lever on the
door up.
D You will see a colored area on the lever when the
door is unlocked.
If your vehicle has power door locks, the switches are
located on the driver’s and the passenger’s front
armrests. Remove the ignition key and press LOCK to
lock all the doors at once. To unlock the doors, press the
raised area to the right of the key symbol.
On four-door models use the manual door lock/unlock
lever on each rear door to lock or unlock those doors
from the rear seating area.
2-7
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has power door locks, it will be equipped
with an auto lock/unlock feature which enables you to
program your vehicle’s power door locks.
The following is a list of the available
programming options:
D All doors lock/Only the driver’s door unlocks:
Press the lock side of the power lock switch on the
door panel once and then the unlock side once. If
your vehicle is not equipped with remote keyless
entry, you may not be able to utilize this option.
D All doors lock/All doors unlock: Press the lock
side of the power lock switch on the door panel
once, and then the unlock side twice (this is the
factory setting).
D All doors lock/None of the doors unlock: Press the
lock side of the power lock switch on the door panel
once, and then the unlock side three times.
2-8
D No doors lock/None of the doors unlock: Press the
lock side of the power lock switch on the door panel
twice. This turns off the automatic lock feature.
For more information, see your dealer.
If your vehicle has an automatic transmission it will be
programmed to have all the doors lock automatically
when the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P). All the
doors will unlock when the shift lever is moved back
into PARK (P).
On a manual transmission, all doors will lock when
the vehicle speed is greater than 15 mph (24 km/h).
The doors will unlock when the key is removed from
the ignition.
The following instructions detail how to program your
door locks. Choose one of the previous programming
options before entering the programming mode.
To enter the program mode you need to do the
following:
1. Begin with the ignition in OFF. Then pull the turn
signal/multifunction lever all the way toward you
and hold it while you perform the next step.
2. Turn your key to RUN and OFF twice. Then, with
the key in OFF, release the turn signal/multifunction
lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock switch
lock and unlock.
3. You are now ready to program the automatic door
locks. Select one of the previous four programming
options and follow the instructions. You will have
30 seconds to begin programming. If you exceed
the 30 second limit, the locks will automatically lock
and unlock to indicate you have left the program
mode. If this occurs, repeat the procedure beginning
with Step 1. You can exit the program mode any
time by turning the ignition to RUN (the locks will
automatically lock and unlock to indicate you are
leaving the program mode). If the lock/unlock
switches are not pressed while in the programming
mode, the auto lock/unlock setting will not
be modified.
Rear Door Security Lock (If Equipped)
With this feature, you can lock the rear doors so they
may not be opened from the inside by passengers.
The security lock lever is
located on the inside edge
of each rear door.
To use the security locks, do
the following:
1. Open one of the rear doors.
2. Slide the lever up to the lock symbol to engage the
lock or, slide the lever down to the unlock symbol to
disengage the lock.
3. Close the door.
4. Repeat these steps on the opposite rear door..
If the security locks are engaged, the rear doors of your
vehicle cannot be opened form the inside. If you want to
open a rear door when a security lock is on, unlock the
door and open the door from the outside.
2-9
Lockout Prevention
Keyless Entry System (If Equipped)
This feature stops the power door locks from locking
when the keys are in the ignition and a door is open, to
protect you from locking your key in the vehicle.
If your vehicle has this feature, you can lock and unlock
your doors from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m)
away using the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied
with your vehicle.
If the power lock switch is pressed when a door is open
and the key is in the ignition, all the doors will lock and
the driver’s door will unlock.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your key, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
2-10
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
Operation
UNLOCK: When you
press UNLOCK, the
driver’s door will
unlock automatically,
the parking lamps will
flash and the interior
lamps will go on.
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement or
If you press UNLOCK again within three seconds, the
remaining doors will unlock, the parking lamps will
flash and the interior lamps will go on.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
LOCK: Press LOCK to lock all the doors. Press LOCK
again within three seconds and the horn will chirp.
resynchronization is necessary. See the instructions
that follow.
qualified technician for service.
REAR: When you press the REAR button twice within
three seconds to release the rear liftglass, the parking
lamps will flash and the interior lamps will go on. If
your vehicle has an automatic transmission, the
transmission must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If your vehicle has a manual transmission, you must
engage the parking brake.
2-11
Panic Alarm Button
Battery Replacement
When the panic button with the horn symbol on the key
transmitter is pressed, the horn will sound and the
headlamps and taillamps will flash for up to 30 seconds.
This can be turned off by pressing the panic button
again, waiting for 30 seconds, or starting the vehicle.
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
2-12
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
To replace the battery in the keyless entry transmitter do
the following:
Rear Window
CAUTION:
1. Insert an object like a thin coin in the slot between
the covers of the transmitter housing near the key
ring hole. Remove the bottom by twisting the object.
2. Remove and replace the battery with a three-volt
CR2032 or equivalent battery, positive (+) side up.
3. Align the covers and snap them together.
4. Check the operation of the transmitter.
It can be dangerous to drive with the rear
window or endgate open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into your vehicle.
You can’t see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the rear window or
endgate open or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal between
the body and the rear window or endgate:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT and OUTSIDE AIR. That will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
“Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
2-13
Endgate Release
To open a manual lock system from the outside, insert
the key into the lock and turn it counterclockwise to
unlock the glass.
To open a power lock system from the outside, insert the
key into the lock button and turn it counterclockwise.
All the doors will then unlock.
If your vehicle is equipped with the keyless entry
system, your vehicle does not have a lock on the
endgate. It is equipped with a push-button to release
the glass.
You may also use the keyless entry system, or the power
door locks (if equipped).
2-14
When the doors are
unlocked, press the button
to open the glass.
Reach inside the endgate
to lift the handle and open
the endgate.
Remote Rear Glass Release
The REAR HATCH button,
located to the right of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel, allows
you to release the rear glass
from inside the vehicle.
The endgate can be opened without a key if the driver’s
door is unlocked. The endgate glass will not release if
the vehicle is in gear.
If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, your shift
lever must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) for the
release to work.
To lock a power lock system from the outside, insert the
key into the lock button and turn clockwise. All doors
will lock.
If you have a manual transmission, you must apply your
parking brake or have the ignition off before you can
open the endgate glass.
2-15
Emergency Release for Opening Endgate
1. Peel back or slit the carpet locally to expose the
access hole in the trim panel.
2. Use a thin object to
reach through the
access holes in both
the trim panel and the
hardware cover.
Endgate-Mounted Spare (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has an endgate-mounted spare tire
carrier, you must move the carrier arm out of the way to
open the glass.
Here’s how to move the arm:
3. Pry the release lever toward the passenger’s side
until the glass latch pops open.
4. Reattach the carpet securely.
1. Squeeze the release handle to free the carrier arm.
2. Swing the carrier arm away from the endgate.
You may need to give it a slight tug.
3. Latch the carrier arm by swinging it toward
the endgate.
2-16
Theft
Parking at Night
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition. If you have an automatic transmission, taking
your key out also locks your transmission. Also
remember to lock the doors.
Parking Lots
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your
ignition key? What if you have to leave something
valuable in your vehicle?
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
glove box.
D If your vehicle has a remote keyless entry system,
take the transmitter with you.
D Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
2-17
Content Theft-Deterrent
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a Content
Theft-Deterrent alarm system.
With this system, the
SECURITY light will
flash as you open the door
(if your ignition is off).
If a door is opened without the key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter, the alarm will go off. Your vehicle’s
headlamps will flash and the horn will sound for
110 seconds, then will turn off to save the battery power.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate if
you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates only if you use a power door lock
switch with the door open, or with the remote keyless
entry transmitter. You should also remember that you
can start your vehicle with the correct ignition key if the
alarm has been set off.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
This light reminds you to activate the theft-deterrent
system. Here’s how to do it:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The SECURITY
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all doors. The SECURITY light should go off
after approximately 30 seconds. The alarm is not
armed until the SECURITY light goes off.
2-18
D If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, the vehicle should be locked with the door
key after the doors are closed.
D Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter. Unlocking a door any other
way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with the key. You can also turn off the alarm by pressing
UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any
other way.
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s window
and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
power door lock switch while the door is open, or
with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait for the
SECURITY light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the door
with the manual door lock and open the door. This
should set off the alarm.
If the alarm does not sound when it should but the
vehicle’s headlamps flash, check to see if the horn
works. The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse,
see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
If the alarm does not sound or the vehicle’s headlamps
do not flash, the vehicle should be serviced by an
authorized service center.
PasslockR
Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
Passlock is a passive theft-deterrent system. Passlock
enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with a
valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock
cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled.
During normal operation, the SECURITY light will
go off approximately five seconds after the key is turned
to RUN.
If the engine stalls and the SECURITY light flashes,
wait about 10 minutes until the light stops flashing
before trying to restart the engine. Remember to release
the key from START as soon as the engine starts.
If the engine does not start after three tries, the vehicle
needs service.
If the engine is running and the SECURITY message
comes on, you will be able to restart the engine if you turn
the engine off. However, your Passlock system is not
working properly and must be serviced by your dealer.
Your vehicle is not protected by Passlock at this time. You
may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index). See your dealer for service.
In an emergency, call the GM Roadside Assistance
Center. See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
2-19
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first 500 miles (805 km).
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in. See
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index for more
information.
2-20
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition, you can turn it to
five different positions.
A (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. Push in the key and turn it toward you.
Your steering wheel will remain locked, just as it was
before you inserted the key.
NOTICE:
Don’t operate accessories in the ACCESSORY
position for long periods of time. Prolonged
operation of accessories in the ACCESSORY
position could drain your battery and prevent
you from starting your vehicle.
CAUTION:
On manual transmission vehicles, turning the key
to LOCK will lock the steering column and result
in a loss of ability to steer the vehicle. This could
cause a collision. If you need to turn the engine
off while the vehicle is moving, turn the key only
to OFF. Don’t press the key release button while
the vehicle is moving.
B (LOCK): This position locks your ignition, steering
wheel and transmission. It’s a theft-deterrent feature.
You will only be able to remove your key when the
ignition is turned to LOCK.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. Turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
C (OFF): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. Use OFF if you must have
your vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for
example, if your vehicle is being towed).
D (RUN): This is the position for driving.
E (START): This position starts your engine.
2-21
Key Release Button
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The key cannot be removed
from the ignition of manual
transmission vehicles unless
the key release button
is used.
To remove the key on manual transmission vehicles,
turn the key to OFF. Then turn the key to LOCK while
pressing the key release button down at the same time.
Pull the key straight out.
On automatic transmission vehicles, turn the key to
LOCK and pull it straight out.
2-22
Your vehicle is equipped with a Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature which will allow certain features
of your vehicle to continue to work for up to 20 minutes
after the ignition key is turned to OFF.
Your radio, power windows, sunroof and overhead
console will work when the ignition key is in RUN or
ACCESSORY. Once the key is turned from RUN to
OFF, these features will continue to work for up to
20 minutes or until a door is opened.
Starting Your Engine
Starting Your V6 Engine
Automatic Transmission
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter motor. At 15 seconds, the
starter will automatically be disengaged. Wait
about 15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
Manual Transmission
The gear selector should be in neutral and the parking
brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor and
start the engine. Your vehicle won’t start if the clutch
pedal is not all the way down -- that’s a safety feature.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while you
hold the ignition key in START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator
pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
2-23
When starting your engine in very cold weather
(below 0_F or -18_C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START and hold it there up to
15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key.
2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If the vehicle
starts briefly but then stops again, do the same
thing, but this time keep the pedal down for five
or six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from
the engine.
2-24
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures
above 32_F (0_C), use of the coolant heater is
not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
cord is located on the driver’s side of the engine
compartment, behind the underhood fuse block.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
2-25
Automatic Transmission Operation
Your automatic transmission may have a shift lever
located on the console between the seats or on the
steering column.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
2-26
If your vehicle is equipped with a column shift lever, it
features an electronic shift position indicator within the
instrument panel cluster. This display must be powered
anytime the shift lever is capable of being moved out of
PARK (P). This means that if your key is in OFF, but
not locked, there will be a small current drain on your
battery which could discharge your battery over a period
of time. If you need to leave your key in the ignition in
OFF for an extended period, it is recommended that you
disconnect the battery cable from the battery to prevent
discharging your battery.
PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It’s the
best position to use when you start your engine because
your vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
If you have four-wheel drive, your vehicle will be
free to roll -- even if your shift lever is in
PARK (P) -- if your transfer case is in NEUTRAL.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
So, be sure the transfer case is in a drive
gear -- not in NEUTRAL. See “Four-Wheel
Drive (Automatic Transfer Case)” in the Index.
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P) when the ignition key is in RUN. If you
cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift
lever -- push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P)
(press the button in on the console shift lever) as you
maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever
into the gear you wish. See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)”
in the Index.
2-27
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your
transmission. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after
your vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see
“Stuck In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
2-28
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transmission caused by shifting
out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the
engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you
need more power for passing, and you’re:
D Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use
it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift
lever is put in FIRST (1) while the vehicle is moving
forward, the transmission won’t shift into first gear until
the vehicle is going slowly enough.
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
DRIVE (D) should not be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills or for
off-road driving. Select THIRD (3) when operating the
vehicle under any of these conditions.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, because it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than DRIVE (D). You should use THIRD (3)
when towing a trailer, carrying a heavy load, driving on
steep hills or winding roads or for off-road driving.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would
also want to use your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
If your rear wheels can’t turn, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transmission. Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position
on a hill.
You can also use SECOND (2) for starting your vehicle
from a stop on slippery road surfaces.
2-29
Tow/Haul Selector Button (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be
equipped with a tow/haul
selector button. This button
will be located on the
floor console.
If your vehicle is equipped with the tow/haul selector
button, you can use this feature to more effectively tow
or haul a heavy load.
To select the tow/haul mode, press the button. The
Tow/Haul light on the instrument panel cluster will
come on. To go back to normal operation, press the
button again. The indicator light on the instrument panel
cluster will go out. See “Tow/Haul Mode” in the Index
for more information.
2-30
Manual Transmission Operation
5-Speed
This is your shift pattern.
Here’s how to operate your manual transmission:
FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into
FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you press the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST (1) when you’re going less
than 20 mph (30 km/h). If you’ve come to a complete
stop and it’s hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the shift
lever in NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Press the
clutch pedal back down. Then shift into FIRST (1).
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up on
the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2). Then,
slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the
accelerator pedal.
THIRD, FOURTH AND FIFTH (3, 4 and 5): Shift
into THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5) the same
way you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the
clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press
the brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press
the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift
to NEUTRAL.
NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle
your engine.
REVERSE (R): To back up, press the clutch pedal, wait
about six seconds, then shift into REVERSE (R). Then
let up on the clutch pedal slowly while pressing the
accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped. Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving could damage your
transmission.
Use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, for
parking your vehicle.
2-31
Shift Light (If Equipped)
If you have a manual
transmission, you have a
SHIFT light on your
instrument panel cluster.
This light will show you when to shift to the next higher
gear for best fuel economy.
When this light comes on, you can shift to the next
higher gear if weather, road and traffic conditions let
you. For the best fuel economy, accelerate slowly and
shift when the light comes on.
2-32
While you accelerate, it is normal for the light to go on
and off if you quickly change the position of the
accelerator. Ignore the SHIFT light when you downshift.
CAUTION:
If you skip a gear when you downshift, you could
lose control of your vehicle. You could injure
yourself or others. Don’t shift down more than
one gear at a time when you downshift.
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive and is equipped
with a manual transmission, disregard the SHIFT light
when the transfer case is in 4LO.
Four-Wheel Drive (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send your
engine’s driving power to all four wheels for extra
traction. To get the most satisfaction out of four-wheel
drive, you must be familiar with its operation. Read the
part that follows before using four-wheel drive. You
should use two-wheel high (2HI) for most normal
driving conditions.
Electronic Transfer Case (If Equipped)
If your four-wheel-drive
vehicle has the electronic
transfer case, the transfer
case buttons are to the right
of the steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
NOTICE:
Driving in the 4HI or 4LO positions for a long
time on dry or wet pavement could shorten the
life of your vehicle’s drivetrain.
Use these buttons to shift into and out of four-wheel
drive. You can choose among three driving settings:
2HI: This setting is for driving in most street and
highway situations. Your front axle is not engaged in
two-wheel drive. When this lamp is lit, it is about
one-half as bright as the others.
4HI: This setting engages your front axle to help
drive your vehicle. Use 4HI when you need extra
traction, such as on snowy or icy roads, or in most
off-road situations.
2-33
4LO: This setting also engages your front axle to give
you extra traction. You may never need 4LO. It sends
the maximum power to all four wheels. You might
choose 4LO if you were driving off-road in sand, mud
or deep snow and climbing or descending steep hills.
Indicator lights in the buttons show you which setting
you are in. The indicator lights will come on briefly
when you turn on the ignition and one will stay on. If
the lights do not come on, you should take your vehicle
in for service. An indicator light will flash while
shifting. It will remain illuminated when the shift is
completed.
Shifting from 2HI to 4HI
Press and release the 4HI button. This can be done at
any speed, and the front axle will lock automatically.
Shifting from 4HI to 2HI
Press and release the 2HI button. This can be done at
any speed, and the front axle will unlock automatically.
2-34
Shifting from 2HI or 4HI to 4LO
To shift from 2HI or 4HI to 4LO, the vehicle must be
stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the
transmission in NEUTRAL (N) in vehicles equipped
with an automatic transmission or the clutch pedal
engaged in vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission. The preferred method for shifting into
4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to
3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4LO button. You must
wait for the 4LO indicator light to stop flashing and
remain illuminated before shifting your transmission
into gear or releasing the clutch pedal.
If the 4LO button is pressed when your vehicle is in gear
and/or moving, the 4LO indicator light will flash for
30 seconds and not complete the shift unless your vehicle is
moving slower than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the transmission
is in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch pedal engaged.
On automatic transmission equipped vehicles, if your
transfer case does not shift into 4LO, your transmission
indicator switch may require adjustment. With your
transmission in NEUTRAL (N), press and release the
4LO button. While the 4LO indicator light is flashing,
shift your transmission into PARK (P). Wait until the
4LO indicator light remains illuminated before shifting
your transmission into gear. This will get you into 4LO,
but you should take your vehicle in for service to restore
normal operation.
Shifting from 4LO to 4HI or 2HI
To shift from 4LO to 4HI or 2HI, your vehicle must be
stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the
transmission in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch pedal
engaged. The preferred method for shifting out of 4LO
is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to
3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4HI button. You must
wait for the 4HI indicator light to stop flashing and
remain illuminated before shifting your transmission
into gear or releasing the clutch pedal.
On automatic transmission equipped vehicles, if your
transfer case does not shift into 4HI, your transmission
indicator switch may require adjustment. With your
transmission in NEUTRAL (N), press and release the
4HI button. While the 4HI indicator light is flashing,
shift your transmission into PARK (P). Wait until the
4HI indicator light remains illuminated before shifting
your transmission into gear. This will get you into 4HI,
but you should take your vehicle in for service to restore
normal operation.
If the 4HI button is pressed when your vehicle is in
gear and/or moving, the 4HI indicator light will flash
for 30 seconds but not complete the shift unless the
vehicle is moving slower than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and
the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N) or the clutch
pedal engaged.
2-35
Automatic Transfer Case (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped
with the automatic transfer
case, the transfer case
buttons are located to the
right of the steering wheel
on the instrument panel.
Use these buttons to shift into and out of four-wheel
drive. You can choose among four driving settings:
2HI: This setting is used for driving in most street and
highway situations. Your front axle is not engaged in
two-wheel drive. This setting also provides the best fuel
economy.
AUTO 4WD: This setting is ideal for use when road
conditions are variable. When driving your vehicle in
AUTO 4WD, the front axle is engaged, but the vehicle’s
power is sent only to the rear wheels. When the vehicle
senses a loss of traction, the system will automatically
engage four-wheel drive. Driving in this mode results in
slightly lower fuel economy than 2HI.
2-36
4HI: Use 4HI when you need extra traction, such as
on snowy or icy roads or in most off-road situations.
This setting also engages your front axle to help drive
your vehicle.
NEUTRAL: Shift the vehicle’s transfer case to
NEUTRAL only when towing your vehicle. See
“Recreational Vehicle Towing” or “Towing Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information.
4LO: This setting also engages your front axle and
delivers extra torque. You may never need 4LO. It sends
maximum power to all four wheels. You might choose
4LO if you are driving off-road in deep sand, deep mud,
deep snow and climbing or descending steep hills.
Indicator lights in the buttons show which setting you
are in. The indicator lights will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition and one will stay on. If the
lights do not come on, you should take your vehicle to
your dealer for service. An indicator light will flash
while shifting the transfer case. It will remain
illuminated when the shift is complete. If for some
reason the transfer case cannot make a requested shift, it
will return to the last chosen setting.
CAUTION:
Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can
cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission
is in PARK (P), or if you have a manual
transmission, even if you are in gear. You or
someone else could be seriously injured. Be sure
to set the parking brake before shifting the
transfer case to NEUTRAL. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index.
If the SERVICE 4WD light stays on, you should take
your vehicle to your dealer for service. See “Service
4WD” in the Index for further information.
Shifting to 4HI or AUTO 4WD
Press and release the 4HI or AUTO 4WD button. This
can be done at any speed, and the indicator light will
flash while shifting. It will remain illuminated when the
shift is complete.
2-37
Shifting to 2HI
Shifting Out of 4LO
Press and release the 2HI button. This can be done at
any speed.
To shift from 4LO to 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI, your
vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph
(4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N), or
with the clutch pedal pressed for vehicles with manual
transmission, and the engine running. The preferred
method for shifting out of 4LO is to have your vehicle
moving 1 or 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release
the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI button. You must wait for
the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI indicator light to stop
flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your
transmission into gear.
Shifting to 4LO
To shift to 4LO, the vehicle’s engine must be running
and the vehicle must be stopped or moving less than
3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL
(N) or with the clutch pedal pressed for vehicles with
manual transmission. The preferred method for shifting
into 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 or 2 mph
(1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4LO button.
You must wait for the 4LO indicator light to stop
flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your
transmission into gear.
If the 4LO button is pressed when your vehicle is in gear
and/or moving, the 4LO indicator light will flash for
30 seconds and not complete the shift unless your
vehicle is moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the
transmission is in NEUTRAL (N) or with the clutch
pedal pressed for vehicles with manual transmission.
After 30 seconds, the transfer case will return to the
setting last chosen.
2-38
If the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI button is pressed when
your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the 4HI, AUTO
4WD or 2HI indicator light will flash for 30 seconds but
will not complete the shift unless your vehicle is moving
less than 3mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N) or with the clutch pedal pressed for
vehicles with manual transmission.
Shifting to NEUTRAL
Shifting Out of NEUTRAL
To shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL, first make sure
the vehicle is parked so that it will not roll:
To shift out of NEUTRAL:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Start the vehicle.
3. Connect the vehicle to the towing vehicle.
4. Put the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) or have
the clutch pedal pressed for vehicles with manual
transmission.
5. Shift the transfer case to 2HI.
6. Simultaneously press and hold the 2HI and 4LO
buttons for 10 seconds. The NEUTRAL light will
come on when the transfer case shift to NEUTRAL
is complete.
7. Shift the transmission to REVERSE (R) for
one second, then shift the transmission to
DRIVE (D) for one second or FIRST (1) for
vehicles with manual transmission.
1. Set the parking brake and apply the regular
brake pedal.
2. Start the vehicle with the transmission in PARK (P)
or FIRST (1) for vehicles with manual transmission.
3. Press the button for the desired transfer case position
(2HI, 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 4LO).
4. Put the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) or press the
clutch pedal for vehicles with manual transmission.
5. Shift the transmission lever to the desired position.
After the transfer case has shifted out of NEUTRAL,
the NEUTRAL light will go out.
6. A re-engagement sound is normal when shifting out
of NEUTRAL.
8. Turn the ignition to OFF.
9. Place the transmission shift lever in PARK (P) or
FIRST (1) for vehicles with manual transmission.
10. Release the parking brake prior to towing.
2-39
Parking Brake
The parking brake is located near the bottom of the
instrument panel on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot. Push down the parking brake
pedal with your left foot. If the ignition is on, the brake
system warning light will come on.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the BRAKE RELEASE lever fully.
It is located on the bottom of the driver’s side of the
instrument panel.
2-40
If you are towing a trailer and you must park on a hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
(Automatic Transmission Only)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. With four-wheel drive, your vehicle will
be free to roll -- even if your shift lever is in
PARK (P) -- if your transfer case is in
NEUTRAL. So be sure the transfer case is in a
drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL. See “Four-Wheel
Drive (Automatic Transfer Case)” in the Index.
Always put the shift lever fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. If you’re pulling a
trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Column Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
D Pull the lever toward you.
2-41
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position
like this:
D Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the key, your vehicle is
in PARK (P).
D Hold in the button on the lever.
D Push the lever all the way toward the front of
the vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the key, your vehicle is
in PARK (P).
2-42
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running (Automatic Transmission Only)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. If you have
four-wheel drive, your vehicle will be free to roll
-- even if your shift lever is in PARK (P) -- if
your transfer case is in NEUTRAL. So be sure
the transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in
NEUTRAL. See “Four-Wheel Drive (Automatic
Transfer Case)” in the Index. And, if you leave
the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you (or pressing the button on a console shift
lever). If you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t
fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission, so
you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
2-43
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
(Automatic Transmission Only)
Parking Your Vehicle (Manual
Transmission Models Only)
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply the regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in RUN. See “Automatic Transmission
Operation” in the Index.
Before you get out of your vehicle, move the shift lever
into REVERSE (R), and firmly apply the parking brake.
Once the shift lever has been placed into REVERSE (R)
with the clutch pedal pressed in, you can turn the
ignition key to OFF, remove the key and release
the clutch.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever--push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. You must
press the shift lever button on the shift lever.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as possible.
2-44
If you are parking on a hill, or if your vehicle is pulling
a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-45
Running Your Engine While You’re
Parked (Automatic Transmission)
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even
if the fan is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
If you have four-wheel drive, your vehicle will
be free to roll -- even if your shift lever is in
PARK (P) -- if your transfer case is in
NEUTRAL. So be sure the transfer case is in a
drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL. See “Four-Wheel
Drive (Automatic Transfer Case)” in the Index.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
2-46
Locking Rear Axle
Tilt Wheel (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, your locking rear axle
can give you additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand
or gravel. It works like a standard axle most of the time,
but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the
other does, this feature will allow the wheel with
traction to move the vehicle.
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. If you have the tilt steering wheel, you
can raise it to the highest level to allow more room for
the driver to enter and exit the vehicle.
Horn
To sound the horn, press the horn symbol on the steering
wheel pad.
The tilt lever is located on
the driver’s side of the
steering column, under the
turn signal lever.
To tilt, hold the steering wheel and pull the tilt lever
toward you. Move the wheel to a comfortable level, then
release the tilt lever to lock the wheel in place.
Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.
2-47
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn or
lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Turn and Lane Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
2-48
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows flash
more quickly than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for
the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher is used.
With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash
even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make sure they
are working.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the turn
signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn signal lever
to the off position.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to high or high
to low, pull the multifunction lever all the way toward
you. Then release it.
When the high beams are
on, this indicator light on
the instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
Flash-to-Pass Feature
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps
to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are in the
automatic position.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you, but not
so far that you hear a click.
If your headlamps are in the automatic position or on
low beam, your high-beam headlamps will turn on.
They’ll stay on as long as you hold the lever toward you
and the high-beam indicator on the instrument panel
cluster will come on. Release the lever to return to
normal operation.
2-49
Windshield Wipers
OFF: Turn the band to OFF to turn off the
windshield wipers.
LO (Low Speed): Turn the band away from you
to LO and past the delay settings for steady wiping at
low speed.
HI (High Speed): Turn the band away from you,
to HI, and past the delay settings for wiping steady at
high speed.
(Delayed Wiping): You can set the wiper speed for a
long or short delay between wipes. Turn the band to
choose the delay time. The closer to LO, the shorter
the delay.
To operate the windshield wipers turn the band, located
on the multifunction lever, upward or downward
MIST: Turn the band to MIST for a single wiping cycle.
Hold it until the windshield wipers start. Then let it go.
The windshield wipers will stop after one wipe. If you
want more wipes, hold the band on MIST longer.
2-50
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
There is a paddle marked with the windshield washer
symbol at the top of the multifunction lever. To spray
washer fluid on the windshield, push the paddle. The
wipers will clear the window and then either stop or
return to your preset speed.
Rear Window Washer/Wiper
This control is located on
the instrument panel to the
right of the steering wheel.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
To turn the rear wiper on, slide the control to either LO
or HI. For delayed wiping, slide the control to LO. For
steady wiping, slide the control to HI. To turn the wiper
off, slide the control to OFF.
To wash the window, press the wash button located on
the control. The control must be in either LO or HI.
The rear window washer uses the same fluid bottle as
the windshield washer. However, the rear window
washer will run out of fluid before the windshield
washer. If you can wash your windshield but not your
rear window, check your fluid level.
2-51
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
With cruise control, you can
maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more
without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
If you have an automatic transmission and you apply
your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
If you have a manual transmission and you apply your
brakes or push the clutch pedal, the cruise control will
shut off.
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CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
D
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch briefly from ON
to R/A (Resume/Accelerate).
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you hold the switch at R/A, the vehicle will keep
going faster until you release the switch or apply the
brake. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the
switch at R/A.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press in the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
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Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the button at the end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
D Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch. To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch briefly to R/A.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
D Press in the SET button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, press the SET
button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
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Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal or push the clutch
pedal, if you have a manual transmission.
D Move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamps control has three positions:
(Parking Lamps): Turning the exterior lamps
control to this position turns on the parking lamps
together with the following:
D
D
D
D
D
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
(Headlamps): Turning the exterior lamps control
to this position turns on the headlamps, together with the
previously listed lamps and lights.
The control on the driver’s side of the instrument panel
operates the exterior lamps
(Off): Turn the exterior lamps control all the way
counterclockwise to turn off the lamps and put the
system in automatic headlamp mode.
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Automatic Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside, your automatic
headlamp system will turn on your headlamps at the
normal brightness along with other lamps such as the
taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps and the instrument
panel lights. The radio lights will also be dim.
Your vehicle is equipped with a light sensor on the top
of the instrument panel under the radio speaker grill.
Be sure it is not covered or the system will be on
whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also turn on your headlamps when
driving through a parking garage, heavy overcast
weather or a tunnel. This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the daytime
and nighttime operation of the Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp systems so
that driving under bridges or bright overhead street
lights does not affect the system. The DRL and
automatic headlamp system will only be affected when
the light sensor sees a change in lighting lasting longer
than the delay.
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To idle your vehicle with the automatic headlamp
system off, set the parking brake while the ignition is
off. Then start your vehicle. The automatic headlamp
system will stay off until you release the parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamps when you need them.
You may be able to turn off your automatic headlamp
system. See “Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)” later in
this section for more information
Lamps On Reminder
A reminder chime will sound when your headlamps or
parking lamps are manually turned on, the driver’s door
is opened and your ignition is in OFF, LOCK or
ACCESSORY. To turn the chime off, turn the control all
the way to the left or turn the instrument panel
brightness thumbwheel down to the fully dimmed
position. In the automatic mode, the headlamps turn off
once the ignition key is in OFF.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully
functional daytime running lamps are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make your headlamps come
on at reduced brightness when the following conditions
are met:
D
D
D
D
D
The DRL system on some vehicles may turn off
temporarily while the turn signals are activated.
To idle an automatic transmission vehicle with the DRL
off, put the transmission in PARK (P). To idle a manual
transmission vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake. The DRL will stay off until you shift out of
PARK (P) or release the parking brake.
The following does not apply to vehicles sold in Canada.
When necessary, you may turn off the automatic
headlamp system and the Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) feature by following the steps below:
The ignition is on,
1. Turn the ignition to RUN.
the exterior lamp control is in OFF,
2. Press the DOME OVERRIDE button four times
within six seconds. After the fourth press of the
button, a chime will sound informing you that the
system is off. The system will revert back to the
automatic on mode when the ignition is turned to
OFF and then to RUN again.
the sensor detects daytime light,
an automatic transmission is not in PARK (P), and
the parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your headlamps will be on.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on.
The instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
When it begins to get dark, the headlamps will
automatically switch from DRL to the regular
headlamps.
3. To return to the automatic mode, push the DOME
OVERRIDE button four times within six seconds
(a chime will sound), or turn the ignition to OFF and
then to RUN again.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
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Fog Lamps (If Equipped)
Interior Lamps
Use your fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty
conditions. Your parking lamps must be on for your fog
lamps to work.
Instrument Panel Brightness Thumbwheel
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The thumbwheel for this feature is located on the
driver’s side of the instrument panel next to the exterior
lamps control.
Turn the thumbwheel up to make your instrument panel
lights brighter. Turn the thumbwheel all the way up to
turn on the interior lamps. To dim the instrument panel
lights, turn the thumbwheel down.
Illuminated Entry
The fog lamp button is located on the instrument panel
near the lamp control.
Press the button to turn the fog lamps on. Press the
button again to turn them off. A light will glow in the
button when the fog lamps are on.
Fog lamps will go off whenever your high-beam
headlamps come on. When the high beams go off, the
fog lamps will come on again.
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Your vehicle is equipped with an illuminated
entry feature.
When a door is opened, the dome lamps will come on if
the DOME OVERRIDE button is in the out position.
When the doors are closed, or the front door handles are
lifted and released, the lamps will stay on for a short
period of time and will turn off automatically. If you use
your keyless entry transmitter (if equipped) to unlock
your vehicle, the interior lamps will come on for a short
time whether or not the DOME OVERRIDE button is in
the out position.
Exit Lighting
Dome Lamps
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on when
you remove the key from the ignition to help you see
while exiting the vehicle. If the DOME OVERRIDE
button is in the out position, these lamps will stay on for
a short period of time and then will go out.
The dome lamps will come on when you open a door.
Front Reading Lamps (If Equipped)
You can use the DOME OVERRIDE button, located
below the exterior lamp control, to set the dome lamps
to come on automatically when a door is opened, or to
remain off. To turn the lamps off, press the button in.
With the button in , the dome lamps will remain off
when a door is open. To return the lamps to automatic
operation, press the button again and return it to the out
position. With the button in this position, the dome
lamps will come on when you open a door. This will
override the illuminated entry feature, unless you use
your keyless entry transmitter (if equipped) to unlock
the vehicle.
Press the button located near each lamp on the overhead
console to turn a reading lamp on and off. The lamps
can be swiveled to point in the desired direction.
If you have the mini console, press the lens on each
lamp to turn it on or off.
Front Map Lamps (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has front map lamps, they are located on
the inside rearview mirror. They will automatically come
on for approximately 40 seconds when the doors are
unlocked with the keyless entry transmitter (if equipped)
or until the ignition key is turned to RUN or
ACCESSORY. The lamps will also stay on for
approximately 40 seconds after you exit the vehicle unless
you lock the doors with the keyless entry transmitter.
You can also turn the dome lamps on by turning the
thumbwheel, located next to the exterior lamps control,
all the way up to the top position. In this position, the
dome lamps will remain on until they are turned off.
You can also turn the lamps on and off by pressing the
button near each lamp.
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Battery Run-Down Protection
Mirrors
This feature shuts off the dome, courtesy, vanity,
reading, glove box and underhood lamps if they are left
on for more than 20 minutes when the ignition is off.
This will keep your battery from running down.
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror
If the battery run-down protection shuts off the interior
lamps, it may be necessary to do one of the following to
return to normal operation:
D Shut off all lamps and close all doors, or
D turn the ignition key to RUN.
Pull the tab under the mirror toward you to reduce glare
from headlamps behind you after dark. Push the tab
away from you for normal daytime operation.
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Electrochromic Day/Night Inside Rearview
Mirror (If Equipped)
This mirror automatically changes to reduce glare from
headlamps behind you. A photocell on the back of the
mirror senses when it is becoming dark outside. Another
photocell built into the mirror surface senses when
headlamps are behind you.
At night, when the glare is too high, the mirror will
gradually darken to reduce glare (this change may take a
few seconds). The mirror will return to its clear daytime
state when the glare is reduced. The mirror will also
return to its clear daytime state when the vehicle is put
into REVERSE (R).
Press the AUTO button at the base of the mirror to turn
on the automatic feature. The button has an indicator
light to show it is on. Press the OFF button to turn the
automatic feature off.
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Time Delay
The automatic mirror has a time delay feature which
prevents unnecessary switching from the night back to
the day position. This delay prevents rapid changing of
the mirror as you drive under lights and through traffic.
Power Remote Control Rearview Mirrors
(If Equipped)
These controls are located
on the driver’s door armrest.
Cleaning the Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the
photocells when necessary.
Outside Manual Adjust Mirror
Adjust your outside mirrors so you can just see the side
of your vehicle.
You can fold them before entering a car wash. Pull the
mirrors in toward the vehicle. Push the mirrors back out
when finished.
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Move the selector switch to the left or right to choose
the driver’s or passenger’s mirror, then use the arrows
located on the four-way control pad to move the mirror
in the direction you want the mirror to go.
Convex Outside Mirror
A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more
from the driver’s seat.
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right or left lane,
you could hit a vehicle. Check your inside
mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Electrochromic Outside Rearview Mirror
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, the driver’s side outside
mirror will adjust for the glare of headlamps behind you.
See “Electrochromic Day/Night Inside Rearview
Mirror” earlier in this section.
Heated Outside Rearview Mirrors
(If Equipped)
When you operate the rear window defogger, a defogger
also warms the heated outside rearview mirrors to help
clear them of ice, snow and condensation. See “Rear
Window Defogger” in the Index for more information.
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
To open your glove box, lift the lever on the front of the
glove box and lower the door. The glove box should not
be open while you are driving.
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Overhead Console (If Equipped)
Reading Lamps
Press the button near each
lamp to turn the reading
lamps on and off.
The overhead console includes reading lamps, a
compartment for a garage door opener, a temperature
and compass display and a storage compartment for
sunglasses.
Some models have a driver information system in the
console. See “Driver Information System” later in
this section.
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The lamps can also be swiveled to point in the desired
direction.
Installing a Garage Door Opener
If you have a garage door opener, the front overhead
compartment can be used to conveniently store
the opener.
If you have the optional HomeLinkR Transmitter, please
see “HomeLink Transmitter” in the Index for
instructions on how to use the system.
To install the garage door opener, first open the
compartment door by pressing the latch forward.
Peel the protective
backing from the
hook and loop patch.
Press it firmly to the back of your garage door opener, as
close to the center of the opener as possible.
Center the garage door opener activation button over
the console door button and press the opener firmly
into place.
The pegs inside the
compartment door are used
to make sure the button on
the compartment door will
contact the control button
on the garage door opener.
Add one peg at a time until the garage door opener
operates with the compartment door closed when you
press the button.
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Now, with the compartment
door closed, press the
button again to make sure
the garage door opener
operates properly.
With the garage door opener positioned properly and
the right number of pegs in place, you should only
have to press the button slightly to operate the opener.
Adjust the position of the garage door opener and
add or remove pegs, as needed, until the opener
operates properly.
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Temperature and Compass Display
The outside air temperature and the compass are
displayed at the front of the overhead console. The
control buttons are located to the left of the display.
Turn the display on or off by pressing the ON/OFF
button. Display the temperature in either degrees
Fahrenheit (English) or Celsius (metric) by pressing the
US/MET button.
Before you turn on the ignition and move the vehicle,
the temperature indicated will be the last outside
temperature recorded with the ignition on.
If the outside temperature is 37_F (3_C) or lower when
you turn on the ignition, the word ICE will appear on
the display. This is a warning to the driver that road
conditions may be icy, and that appropriate precautions
should be taken.
The compass is self-calibrating, so it does not need to be
manually set. However, when your vehicle is new, the
compass may function erratically. If it does, CAL
(Calibration) will appear on the display. To correct the
problem, drive in a complete 360 degree circle three
times, and the compass will function normally.
Variance is the difference between magnetic north and
geographic north. In some areas, the difference between
the two can be great enough to cause false compass
readings. If this happens, follow these instructions to set
the variance for your particular location:
1. Find your location on the zone map. Record your
zone number.
2. Press and hold both the ON/OFF and the US/MET
buttons. The display will go blank.
3. After five seconds, VAR CAL (Variance Calibration)
will appear on the display. When it does, release
both buttons.
4. Press US/MET until your zone number appears on
the display.
5. Press ON/OFF to enter your zone number. Your
variance is now set.
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Sunglasses Storage Compartment
Front Storage Area (If Equipped)
The console has a sunglasses storage compartment. To
open the compartment press the release button. Then
pull the compartment down.
If your vehicle has this console compartment, squeeze
the front lever while lifting the top to open it. You can
store cassettes and compact discs in the slots in front of
the compartment. There is also a lift-out storage tray in
the console.
Door Storage
You will find a storage compartment on each of the
front doors.
Four-door models have storage pockets and cupholders
on rear doors.
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Some models will have a console with pop out cup
holders located on the front of the storage compartment.
If your vehicle has this console push in and release on
the cup holder door. The cupholders will pop out
for use.
The console also contains the following components:
D
D
D
D
Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Rear Seat Audio Controls
Rear Seat Accessory Power Outlets
Six-disc CD Changer
Cellular Phone (if equipped)
For more information on these components, please see
the Index for that item.
You may have a convenience net in the rear of your vehicle to
help keep small items, like gloves and light clothing, in place
during sharp turns or quick stops and starts.
The net is not designed to retain these items during
off-road use. The net is not for larger, heavier items.
If your vehicle has the center armrest compartment, lift
the cover to expose the storage area which includes slots
for cassettes or compact discs and a coinholder.
Attach the upper loops to the retainers on either side of
the endgate opening (the label should be in the upper
passenger side corner, visible from the rear of vehicle).
Attach the lower hooks to the rear cargo tie downs on
the floor.
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Cargo Cover (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has a cargo cover, you can use it to cover
items in the cargo area of your vehicle.
Grasp the handle and unroll the cover. Latch the posts
into the sockets on the inside trim panel on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle to secure it.
CAUTION:
An improperly stored cargo cover could be
thrown about the vehicle during a collision or
sudden maneuver. You or others could be
injured. If you remove the cover, always store it
outside of the vehicle. When you put it back,
always be sure that it is securely reattached.
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Cargo Tie Downs
There are five cargo tie
downs in the rear of your
vehicle that allow you to
strap cargo in and keep it
from moving.
Rear Convenience System (If Equipped)
CAUTION:
If the convenience system isn’t secured properly,
it can move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to
secure the convenience system properly.
The convenience system, located in the rear of
your vehicle, provides a place to store loose items in
your vehicle.
A. Collapsible Dividers
B. Anchor Bracket/Cargo Tie-Down Plugs
C. Partitions
D. Soda Pop/Gallon Jug Holder
E. Partition Storage
F. Cargo Tie-Down Cutouts
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To increase the space in the convenience system, do the
following:
1. Remove the individual partitions (C) by pulling
upward on the partitions. Storage for the partitions is
located in area (F).
2. Fold the collapsible dividers (A) by pulling upward
and folding the dividers toward each other.
To reinstall or rearrange the partitions, push down gently
on the partitions making sure both sides fit into the
appropriate slots of the collapsible dividers (A).
Located on the top of each collapsible divider (A) are
T-pins designed to hold grocery bags, etc., in an
upright position.
The anchor bracket/cargo tie down plugs (B), located in
the center and on each side of the convenience system
nearest the passenger compartment, are used to help seal
the convenience system. However, the plugs also cover
the anchor bracket /cargo tie-downs. To remove the
plugs, grasp the edges of the plugs and pull straight out.
See “Child Restraints” and “Top Strap” in the Index
for more information on using anchor brackets.
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There are two cutouts (E) for the rear cargo tie-downs
located near the endgate sill. In order to access the rear
cargo tie-downs, the cutouts must be removed.
You will also find a soda pop/gallon jug holder (D) on
the passenger side of the convenience system. Some
vehicles do not have this feature, but instead include a
smaller storage area.
To remove the entire convenience system, do the
following:
1. Remove the convenience net if it is in place. See
“Convenience Net” in the Index for more
information. You may also want to remove the
partitions (C) and fold the collapsible dividers (A) to
make the convenience system easier to handle.
2. Grasp the sides of the convenience system and push
the sides together while sliding the unit out until it
clears the sides of the endgate opening.
To reinstall the convenience system, reverse the removal
procedure.
Luggage Carrier (Option)
CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier -- like paneling, plywood, a mattress, and
so forth -- the wind can catch it as you drive
along. This can cause you to lose control. What
you are carrying could be violently torn off, and
this could cause you or other drivers to have a
collision, and of course damage your vehicle. You
may be able to carry something like this inside.
But, never carry something longer or wider than
the luggage carrier on top of your vehicle.
Use GM accessory racks that are compatible with your
luggage carrier for transporting sports equipment. These
are available through your dealer.
You can adjust the crossrails to handle loads of various
sizes. Just loosen the slider knobs at each end of the
crossrail and move them to where you want them. Make
sure both sides of the crossrails are even, then tighten
the slider knobs.
Be sure the cargo is properly loaded. Follow these
guidelines:
D Carrying small, heavy loads on the roof is not
recommended.
D Secure the load using the tie downs at both ends
of the crossrails. When loading cargo directly on
the roof panel, use the crossrails to keep the load
from shifting.
D If you need to carry long items, move the crossrails
The luggage carrier has slats, side rails and crossrails
attached to the roof to secure cargo. The adjustable tie
downs, at both ends of the crossrails, should be used to
secure loads to the luggage carrier.
as far apart as possible. Tie the load to the tie downs
provided. Also tie the load to the bumpers. Do not tie
the load so tightly that the crossrails or side rails are
damaged.
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NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs more than 200 lbs.
(91 kg) on the luggage carrier may damage your
vehicle. When you carry large things, never let
them hang over the rear or the sides of your
vehicle. When loading cargo on the roof panel, be
sure it rests on the slats and does not scratch or
damage the vehicle.
Put the cargo against the side rails and fasten it
securely to the luggage carrier. Put the main
weight as far forward as you can and move the
rear crossrail forward as far as possible to keep
the load from shifting.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and
cargo are still securely fastened.
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Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Pull the front ashtray door down to open it.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
your ashtray. If you do, cigarettes or other
smoking materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
To remove the front ashtray, pull the bin upward.
To use the lighter, press it in all the way, and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overload, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
Accessory Power Outlets
To block out glare, you can pull the visor down. You can
also swing the visor from side-to-side.
With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
CB radio.
Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull the sun visor down and lift the cover to expose the
vanity mirror.
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror
(If Equipped)
Pull the sun visor down and lift the mirror cover to turn
on the lamps.
There are two accessory power outlets located near the
center of the vehicle on the lower part of the instrument
panel. There may also be additional accessory power
outlets located behind the front storage area for rear seat
passengers. A small cap must be pulled down to access
an accessory power outlet. When not using an outlet be
sure to cover it with the protective cap.
NOTICE:
When using accessory power outlets:
D Maximum load of any electrical equipment
should not exceed 20 amps.
D Be sure to turn off any electrical equipment
when not in use. Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended periods can
drain the battery.
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Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result in
blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem, see your dealer for additional information on
accessory power outlets.
NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
exceeds the amperage rating.
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When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
proper installation instructions included with the
equipment.
NOTICE:
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs
only. Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug. Improper use of
the power outlet can cause damage not covered
by your warranty.
Sunroof (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a power sliding
sunroof. To open or close your sunroof, the ignition
needs to be in RUN or ACCESSORY or Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) needs to be active. See
“Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
Press and release the rear side of the switch in the mini
console to open the sunroof. You can press the forward
side of the switch to close the sunroof. Once the sunroof
is closed, press the forward side of the switch to open
the sunroof to the vent position.
The sunroof is also equipped with a sunshade which you
can pull forward to block sun rays.
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HomeLinkR Transmitter
(If Equipped)
Full-Size Overhead Console
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Mini Overhead Console
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
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Programming the HomeLink Transmitter
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Decide which one of the three channels (one of the
HomeLink buttons) you want to program.
2. Press and hold the desired button on HomeLink
through Step 3.
3. When the HomeLink indicator light begins to blink
slowly (this may take up to 30 seconds), hold the
hand-held transmitter about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm)
away from HomeLink and then press and hold the
transmit button on the hand-held transmitter.
Continue to hold both buttons until the indicator
light on HomeLink begins to flash rapidly (this may
take up to 90 seconds).
If you have trouble programming HomeLink, make sure
that you have followed the directions exactly as
described and that the battery in the hand-held
transmitter is not weak. If you still cannot program it,
move the hand-held transmitter to the left or right or
forward or backward or flip it upside down. HomeLink
may not work with older garage door openers that do
not meet current Federal Consumer Safety Standards.
If you cannot program the transmitter after repeated
attempts, refer to “Training a Garage Door Opener with
Rolling Codes” later in this section or contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on
the internet at www.homelink.com.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter in
case you need to erase and reprogram HomeLink.
2-79
Training a Garage Door Opener with
Rolling Codes (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to HomeLink, see “Programming the
HomeLink Transmitter” listed previously. If you have
completed this programming already, you now need to
train the garage door opener motor head unit to
recognize HomeLink.
1. Find the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the garage
door opener motor head unit. The exact location and
color will vary by garage door opener brand. If you
have difficulty finding the Learn or Smart button,
refer to your garage door opener owner’s manual or
contact the manufacturer of HomeLink at
1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at
www.homelink.com.
2. Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person assist in programming the
transmitter.
2-80
3. Press the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the garage
door opener motor head unit. An indicator light will
begin to flash when the motor head unit enters the
training mode.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
4. Return to HomeLink in your vehicle and firmly press
and release the programmed HomeLink button
three times.
The rolling-code garage door opener should now
recognize HomeLink. You may either use HomeLink or
the hand-held transmitter to open the garage door.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on
the internet at www.homelink.com.
Canadian Programming
Erasing Channels
Canadian Owners: During programming, the
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds. In this case, you should
press and hold the HomeLink button (see Steps 2 and 3
under “Programming the HomeLink Transmitter”)
while you press and re-press (cycle) your hand-held
transmitter every two seconds until HomeLink
is trained.
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Operating the HomeLink Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on HomeLink for
at least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Resetting Defaults
To reset HomeLink to default settings, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Continue to hold both
buttons until the HomeLink indicator light turns off and
then release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLink Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please contact the manufacturer
of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at
www.homelink.com.
2-81
The Instrument Panel--Your Information System
2-82
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Vents
I. Rear Window Washer/Wiper
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
J. Rear Endgate Release
C. Instrument Panel Cluster
K. Ashtray
D. Transfer Case Button (If Equipped)
L. Comfort Controls
E. Exterior Lamps Control
M. Rear Window Defogger
F. Fog Lamp Button (if equipped)
N. Accessory Power Outlets
G. Brake Release
O. Audio System
H. Audio Steering Controls (If Equipped)
P. Glove Box
2-83
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, about how much fuel you’ve used, and many other things you’ll need to know to drive safely and
economically.
Base Level cluster with Automatic Transmission United States, Canada cluster similar
2-84
Uplevel cluster with Automatic Transmission United States, Canada cluster similar
2-85
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer (If Equipped)
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has been
driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or
kilometers (used in Canada).
The odometer mileage can be checked without the
vehicle running. Simply press the trip odometer button.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then it must be. But if
it can’t, then it’s set at zero, and a label must be put on
the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when
the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has
been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.
To view the trip odometer, press the button near the
readout. To reset the trip odometer, hold the button until
it resets.
2-86
NOTICE:
On vehicles with a manual transmission, if you
operate the engine with the tachometer in the
shaded warning areas, your vehicle’s engine or
other parts of your vehicle could be damaged.
Damage to your engine or vehicle caused by
operating the engine with the tachometer in the
shaded warning areas isn’t covered by your
vehicle warranty. Don’t operate the tachometer
in the shaded warning areas.
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for about
55 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
2-87
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag
modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
2-88
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Charging System Indicator Light
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition,
but the engine is not
running, as a check to
show you it is working.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with the charging system. It could indicate that
you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
Voltmeter Gage
When your engine is not
running, but the ignition is
on (in RUN), this gage
shows your battery’s state of
charge in DC volts.
When the engine is running, the gage shows the
condition of the charging system. Readings between
the low and high warning zones indicate the normal
operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a
large number of electrical accessories are operating in
the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an
extended period. This condition is normal since the
charging system is not able to provide full power at
engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this
condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds
allow the charging system to create maximum power.
2-89
You can only drive for a short time with the reading in
either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off all
unnecessary accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible
problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon as possible.
Shift Light
You have the shift light on
the instrument panel cluster
if you have a manual
transmission.
Brake System Warning Light
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The light
will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it
means you have a brake problem.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
Shifting when the indicator light is on will help you get
the best fuel economy. See “Shift Light” in the Index.
United States
2-90
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and may stay on
for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See
“Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
2-91
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine is
too hot!
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index for more
information.
2-92
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service
Engine Soon Light in the United States or
Check Engine Light in Canada)
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to assure
that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the
vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The
SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service is
required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
NOTICE:
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
Modifications made to the engine, transmission,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON
OR CHECK ENGINE light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to
costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This
may also result in a failure to pass a required
Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
2-93
If the Light Is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
2-94
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
“Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is
on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
2-95
Oil Pressure Gage
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
United States
Canada
The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in
psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine is running.
Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals).
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a
dangerously low oil level or other problems causing low
oil pressure.
2-96
Security Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn the
key toward START. The
light will stay on until the
engine starts.
If the light flashes, the PasslockR system has entered a
tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see “Passlock”
in the Index.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock
system. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock,
and you should see your dealer.
Also, see “Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for
additional information regarding the SECURITY light.
Service Four-Wheel-Drive Warning Light
(If Equipped)
This light should come on
briefly when you turn on the
ignition, as a check to show
you it is working.
The SERVICE 4WD light comes on to indicate that
there may be a problem with the drive system and
service is required. Malfunctions can be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent, which may
prevent serious damage to the vehicle. This system is
also designed to assist your service technician in
correctly diagnosing a malfunction.
2-97
Tow/Haul Mode Light (If Equipped)
Check Gages Light
This light should come on
when the tow/haul mode has
been selected.
For more information, see “Tow/Haul Mode” in
the Index.
The CHECK GAGES light
will come on briefly when
you are starting the engine.
If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving,
check your coolant temperature and engine oil pressure
gages to see if they are in the warning zones.
Gate Ajar Light
If this light comes on, your
endgate or liftglass is ajar.
Try closing the endgate or
liftglass again. Never drive
with the endgate or liftglass
even partially open.
2-98
Here are four things that some owners ask about. None
of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
Fuel Gage
D At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads full.
D It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill
the tank.
D The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
United States
Canada
When the ignition is on, the fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have remaining.
speed up.
D The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
2-99
Low Fuel Light
The LOW FUEL light will
come on briefly when you
are starting the engine.
This light comes on when the fuel tank is low on fuel.
To turn it off, add fuel to the fuel tank. See “Fuel” in
the Index.
Driver Information Center (DIC) (If Equipped)
This system displays the outside air temperature,
compass direction and trip information in the
overhead console.
US/MET (United States/Metric): The US/MET
(United States/metric) button allows you to switch the
display between the English and metric system.
MODE: The MODE button can be used to toggle
between three modes of operation: OFF, COMP/TEMP
and TRIP.
2-100
COMP/TEMP(Compass/Temperature): The display
provides the outside temperature and one of eight
compass readings to indicate the direction the vehicle
is facing.
Before you turn on the ignition and move the vehicle,
the temperature indicated will be the last outside
temperature recorded with the ignition on. If the outside
temperature is 37_F (3_C) or lower, the display will
toggle between the word ICE and the current
temperature every eight seconds. This is a warning to
the driver that road conditions may be icy, and that
appropriate precautions should be taken.
The compass is self-calibrating, so it does not need to be
manually set. However, if C (Calibration) is displayed,
the compass will need to be calibrated. You may also
place the compass in a noncalibrated mode by pressing
and holding the MODE and US/MET buttons
simultaneously while in the COMP/TEMP mode. After
about 10 seconds, the compass will display C and you
can release the buttons. Drive the vehicle in a complete
360 degree circle three times at a speed of less than
5 mph (8 km/h), and the compass will function
normally. Once the calibration is complete, the display
will return to a compass reading.
Variance is the difference between magnetic north and
geographic north. In some areas, the difference between
the two can be great enough to cause false compass
readings. If this happens, follow these instructions to set
the variance for your particular location:
TRIP: Once in the TRIP mode, pressing the
MODE button will step you through the following
TRIP functions:
1. Find your location on the zone map earlier in this
section. Record your zone number.
D INST ECON (Instantaneous Economy):
2. Press and hold both the MODE and the US/MET
buttons in the COMP/TEMP mode.
3. After five seconds, the compass will acknowledge
the variation mode by displaying the current zone
number. When it does, release both buttons.
D AVG ECON (Average Economy): The average fuel
economy since the last reset is displayed.
Instantaneous fuel economy for the last second of
driving is displayed.
D RANGE: The display indicates the estimated
distance that can be travelled with the remaining fuel
in the tank, based on the fuel economy for the last
few hours of driving.
4. Press US/MET until your zone number appears on
the display.
D FUEL USED: The fuel used since the last reset
5. Press MODE to enter your zone number. Your
variance is now set and the display will return to the
COMP/TEMP mode.
D AVG SPEED (Average Speed): The average speed
is displayed.
since the last reset is displayed.
To reset the trip computer, press the MODE and
US/MET buttons simultaneously for at least two
seconds. All functions will be displayed briefly once the
system is reset. Reset can only be performed in the AVG
ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED modes. All three
modes are reset simultaneously.
2-101
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-29
Comfort Controls
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
Standard Climate Control System
3-2
with Radio Data System (RDS) and Automatic
Air Conditioning
3-3
Tone Control (If Equipped)
3-4
Heating
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
3-37
Defogging and Defrosting
3-4
(BoseR) (If Equipped)
Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and Compact
3-4
3-41
Ventilation System
3-5
Disc Player with Radio Data System (RDS) and
Audio Systems
3-6
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
Setting the Clock for Systems with SET Button
AM-FM Stereo with Six-Disc Compact Disc
3-6
3-51
3-6
Player with Programmable Equalization and
Setting the Clock for Systems with HR and
Radio Data System (RDS) (If Equipped)
MN Buttons
Setting the Clock for Systems with Radio
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (If Equipped)
3-62
3-7
Remote Cassette Tape Player (If Equipped)
Data System
3-64
AM-FM Stereo
Console-Mounted CD Changer (If Equipped)
3-66
3-7
AM-FM Stereo
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
3-9
3-70
3-12
3-73
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios (If Equipped)
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
(If Equipped)
3-73
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and
Understanding Radio Reception
3-74
3-15
Tips About Your Audio System
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
3-75
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
3-76
3-20
Care of Your Remote Cassette Tape Player
Player (BoseR) (If Equipped)
3-77
3-24
3-78
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player and
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
3-78
Fixed Mast Antenna
3-78
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Temperature Knob
With this system, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle.
The middle knob on the control panel lets you select the
relative temperature of the air flowing into the passenger
area of your vehicle. Move the knob clockwise toward
the red area for warmer air. Move the knob
counterclockwise toward the blue area for cooler air.
Standard Climate Control System
Mode Knob
The right knob on the control panel allows you to
choose the direction of air delivery.
OFF: This mode turns the system off. Some outside air
will still enter the vehicle whenever the vehicle is
moving forward.
Fan Knob
The knob on the left side of the climate control system
control panel regulates the fan speed. To increase
airflow, move the knob clockwise. To decrease airflow,
move it counterclockwise.
3-2
MAX A/C (Maximum Air Conditioning): This mode
provides maximum cooling with the least amount of
work. MAX A/C recirculates much of the air inside your
vehicle so it cools quickly. This setting directs most of
the air through the instrument panel vents and a small
amount through the floor ducts.
A/C (Air Conditioning): This setting cools and
dehumidifies the air entering your vehicle and directs
most of the air through the instrument panel vents
and a small amount through the floor ducts.
(Bi-Level Air Conditioning): This setting cools
and dehumidifies the air entering your vehicle and
directs it through the floor ducts as well as the
instrument panel outlets.
(Vent): This setting directs most of the air through
the instrument panel outlets and a small amount through
the floor outlets.
(Floor): This setting directs most of the air
through the floor ducts and some air through the
windshield defroster outlets.
(Blend): Airflow is divided equally between the
floor ducts and the windshield defroster outlets.
(Defrost): This setting directs most air through
the windshield defroster outlets and some through the
floor ducts.
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
For quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX A/C
with the temperature knob turned to the left. This setting
should be used to keep odors and/or dust from entering
the vehicle. For normal cooling on hot days, use A/C
with the temperature knob turned to the left.
On cool but sunny days, use Bi-Level A/C to deliver
warmer air to the floor and cooler air to the instrument
panel outlets.
When the air conditioner is on, you may sometimes
notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine speed and
power. This is normal because the system is designed
to cycle the compressor on and off to keep the
desired temperature.
3-3
Heating
The heater works best if you keep your windows closed
while using it. On cold days, use floor mode with the
temperature knob turned clockwise. Blend mode is
useful in cool weather when you have fog or ice on the
windshield or side windows.
Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, the rear window
will have lines that warm
the glass.
If you use the optional engine coolant heater before
starting your engine, your heating system will produce
warmer air faster to heat the passenger compartment in
cold weather. See “Engine Coolant Heater” in the Index.
Defogging and Defrosting
On cool, humid days, use blend mode to keep the
windshield and side windows clear.
For best results, clear the window of as much snow or
ice as possible before using the rear window defogger.
Use defrost mode to remove fog or ice from the
windshield quickly in extreme humid or cold conditions.
Turn the temperature knob clockwise and move the fan
knob toward high.
To turn on the rear window defogger, find the button
marked REAR with the defog symbol on the lower right
corner of your climate control system. Press the button
until the light in the button comes on, then release it. It
will only work if the ignition switch is turned to RUN.
Pressing the REAR button on your climate control
system will also activate your heated outside mirrors
(if equipped). This will help to keep ice and snow from
collecting on your mirror surfaces.
3-4
The rear window defogger will stay on for five to seven
minutes, then turn off. If you need additional warming
time, turn it on again. You can turn the defogger off at
any time by pressing the button.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Ventilation System
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use vent mode to direct outside air
through your vehicle. Airflow is through the instrument
panel outlets.
You will find air outlets in the center and on the sides of
your instrument panel.
You can direct the airflow side-to-side by turning the
thumbwheel located in the center of the vent. The vent
can be tilted up and down also. To control the amount of
airflow through the outlets, turn the thumbwheel below
the vent.
Your vehicle’s ventilation system supplies outside air to
the inside of your vehicle when it is moving. When the
vehicle is not moving, you can get outside air to flow
through by selecting any mode except max A/C and any
fan speed.
3-5
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, move the
fan knob to high for a few moments before driving
off. This helps clear the intake ducts of snow and
moisture, and reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Setting the Clock for Systems with the
Set Button
Press SET. Within five seconds, press and hold the right
SEEK arrow until the correct minute appears on the
display. Press and hold the left SEEK arrow until the
correct hour appears on the display.
Setting the Clock for Systems with HR and
MN Buttons
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the
display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute
appears on the display. To display the clock with the
ignition off, press RECALL or HR/MN and the time
will be displayed for a few seconds. There is an initial
two-second delay before the clock goes into the
time-set mode.
3-6
Setting the Clock for Systems with Radio
Data System
AM-FM Stereo
Your radio may have a button marked with an H or
HR to represent hours and an M, MN or MIN to
represent minutes.
Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour
appears. AM or PM will appear on the display for
morning hours. Press and hold the minute button until
the correct minute appears. The clock may be set with
the ignition on or off.
To set the clock to the time of an FM station
broadcasting Radio Data System (RDS) information,
press and hold the hour and minute buttons at the same
time for two seconds until UPDATED and the clock
symbol appears on the display. If the time is not
available from the station, NO UPDAT will appear on
the display instead.
RDS clock time is broadcast once a minute. Once you
have tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a
few minutes for your clock time to update.
Playing the Radio
Power: Turn the VOLUME knob clockwise to turn the
system on and counterclockwise to turn the system off.
VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RECALL: Pressing this knob will display the station
being played or it will display the clock. Clock display
is available with the ignition turned off.
3-7
Finding a Station
3. Tune in the desired station.
AM-FM: Press this knob to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
4. Press SET. SET will appear on the display.
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there.
5. Press one of the four pushbuttons within five
seconds. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton, the station you set will return.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
SCAN : Press both SCAN arrows. SCAN will
appear on the display. The radio will scan to the next
station, play for a few seconds, then scan to the next
station. Press the RECALL knob or both SCAN arrows
to stop scanning.
In addition to the four stations already set, up to three
more stations may be preset on each band by pressing
two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time and by
performing the following steps:
Setting Preset Stations
2. Press SET. SET will appear on the display.
The four numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 21 stations
(seven AM, seven FM1 and seven FM2) by performing
the following steps:
3. Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time,
within five seconds. Whenever you press the same
two pushbuttons, the station you set will return.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3-8
1. Tune in the desired station.
4. Repeat the steps for each pair of pushbuttons.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AM-FM Stereo
BASS: Slide this lever up or down to increase or
decrease bass.
TREB (Treble): Slide this lever up or down to increase
or decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): Turn the control ring behind the upper
knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. The
middle position balances the sound between the
speakers.
FADE: Turn the control ring behind the lower knob to
move the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RCL (Recall): Pressing this knob will display the
station being played or it will display the clock. Clock
display is available with the ignition turned off.
3-9
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
SEEK SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to
seek to the next or previous station and stay there. The
radio will seek to stations with a strong signal only.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
To scan stations, press and hold one of the SEEK arrows
for two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go
to a station, play for a few seconds and flash the station
frequency, then go on to the next station. Press one of
the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The radio will
scan to stations with a strong signal only.
3. Tune in the desired station.
To scan preset stations, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until you hear two
beeps. The radio will go to the first preset station stored
on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds and flash
the station frequency, then go on to the next preset
station. This feature will only scan the six presets that
are in the selected band. Press one of the SEEK arrows
again to stop scanning presets. The channel number
(P1-P6) will appear momentarily just before the
frequency is displayed. The radio will scan preset
stations with a strong signal only.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
3-10
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until
you hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton, the station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
AUDIO: To adjust the bass, press and release AUDIO
repeatedly until BAS appears on the display. Then press
and hold the up arrow to increase bass. B and a positive
number will appear on the display. Press and hold the
down arrow to decrease bass. B and a negative number
will appear on the display. B and a zero will appear on
the display when the bass level is adjusted to the middle
position. Release the up or down arrow when you find
the bass level you want or when the maximum or
minimum level is reached.
To adjust the treble, press and release AUDIO until TRE
appears on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow
to increase treble. T and a positive number will appear
on the display. Press and hold the down arrow to
decrease treble. T and a negative number will appear on
the display. T and a zero will appear on the display when
the treble level is adjusted to the middle position.
Release the up or down arrow when you find the treble
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to
decrease the treble.
To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select
BAS or TRE. Then press and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. B and a zero or
T and a zero will appear on the display. To adjust both
tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pressing the AUDIO
button until the display goes blank. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. CEN will appear on the display.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and
left speakers, press and release AUDIO until BAL
appears on the display. Then press and hold the up arrow
to move the sound to the right speakers or the down
arrow to move the sound to the left speakers. R and a
number will appear on the display when the sound is
balanced toward the right speakers. L and a number will
appear on the display when the sound is balanced
toward the left speakers. L and a zero will appear on the
display when the sound is balanced between the
speakers. Release the up or down arrow when you find
the speaker balance you want or when the maximum or
minimum level is reached.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
press and release AUDIO until FAD appears on the
display. Then press and hold the up arrow to move the
sound to the front speakers or the down arrow to move
the sound to the rear speakers. F and a number will
appear on the display when the sound is balanced
toward the front speakers. R and a number will appear
on the display when the sound is balanced toward the
rear speakers. F and a zero will appear on the display
when the sound is balanced between the speakers.
Release the up or down arrow when you find the speaker
balance you want or when the maximum or minimum
level is reached.
3-11
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FAD. Then press and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. L and a zero or
F and a zero will appear on the display. To adjust both
tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pressing the AUDIO
button until the display goes blank. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. CEN will appear on the display.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
Radio Messages
CAL (Calibrated): Your audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL
appears on the display it means that your radio has not
been configured properly for your vehicle and must be
returned to the dealership for service.
LOC (Locked): This message is displayed when the
TheftlockR system has locked up. Your vehicle must be
returned to the dealership for service.
Playing the Radio
Power: Turn the VOLUME knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RECALL: Press this knob to display the station being
played or to display the clock. Clock display is available
with the ignition turned off.
3-12
Finding a Station
4. Press SET. SET will appear on the display.
AM-FM: Press this knob to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2.
5. Press one of the four pushbuttons within
five seconds. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton, the station you set will return.
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
A SEEK ": Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there.
To scan preset stations, press both SEEK buttons. The
radio will go to the first preset station stored on the
pushbutton, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. Press either SEEK button or
RECALL to stop scanning through the preset stations.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
In addition to the four stations already set, up to three
more stations may be preset on each band by pressing
two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time and by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting Preset Stations
3. Tune in the desired station.
The four numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 21 stations (seven
AM, seven FM1 and seven FM2) by performing the
following steps:
4. Press SET. SET will appear on the display.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
5. Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time,
within five seconds. Whenever you press the same
two pushbuttons, the station you set will return.
6. Repeat the steps for each adjoining pushbuttons.
3. Tune in the desired station.
3-13
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
BASS: Slide this lever up or down to increase or
decrease bass.
TREB (Treble): Slide this lever up or down to increase
or decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): Turn the control ring behind the
upper knob to move the sound to the left or right
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
Once the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, BAL,
FADE, BASS and TREB controls just as you do
for the radio.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
REV (Reverse): Press this button to reverse the cassette
tape. Press the FWD button to stop reversing the tape.
FWD (Forward): Press this button to advance the
cassette tape. Press the REV button to stop forwarding
the tape.
RECALL: Press this knob to switch tape sides.
FADE: Turn the control ring behind the lower knob to
move the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
EJECT: Press this button to stop a tape when it is
playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing.
Playing a Cassette Tape
CLN (Clean): If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that
are up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes
longer than that are so thin they may not work well in
this player.
3-14
Cassette Tape Messages
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
and Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio on.
3. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot.
4. Within five seconds, press and hold the REV and
FWD buttons at the same time for three seconds. The
tape symbol on the display will flash, showing that
the broken tape detection feature is no longer active.
This override routine will remain active until EJECT
is pressed.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
The knob is capable of being turned continuously.
3-15
RECALL: Pressing this button will display the station
being played or it will display the clock. Clock display
is available with the ignition turned off.
SCV (Speed-Compensated Volume): With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Turn the control ring behind the upper
knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Each notch on the
control ring allows for more volume compensation at
faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, SCV
automatically increases the volume, as necessary, to
overcome noise at any speed. The volume level should
always sound the same to you as you drive. If you don’t
want to use SCV, turn the control all the way down.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to
choose radio stations. Push the knob back into its stored
position when you’re not using it.
3-16
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there. The radio will
seek to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will
mute while seeking.
To scan station, press and hold SEEK for two seconds
until SCAN appears on the display. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds and flash the station
frequency, then go on to the next station. Press one of
the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The radio will
scan to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will
mute while scanning.
P.SCAN (Preset Scan): Press this button and P. SCAN
will appear on the display. The radio will go to the first
preset station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few
seconds and flash the station frequency, then go on to
the next preset station. This feature will only scan the
six presets that are in the selected band. Press this button
again or a pushbutton to stop scanning presets. The
channel number (P1-P6) will appear momentarily just
before the frequency is displayed. The radio will scan
preset stations with a strong signal only. The sound will
mute while scanning.
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise
to decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the setting you prefer.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
5. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons. The sound
will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that pushbutton.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
bass and treble equalization settings designed for
country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and
classical stations.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Each time you press the AUTO TONE button, this
feature will switch to one of these program types.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, either
press and release the AUTO TONE button until the
display goes blank or press and release the BASS or
TREB knobs and turn them until the display goes blank.
3-17
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to adjust sound to the
left speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
Once the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUTO TONE,
BAL, FADE, BASS and TREB controls just as you do
for the radio. The tape symbol and a direction arrow will
be on the display whenever a tape is being played.
Anytime a tape is inserted, the top side is selected for
play first.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is
metal or CrO2 and adjusts for best playback sound.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton or the left
SEEK arrow to search for the previous selection. A
minimum three-second blank gap is required for the
player to stop at the beginning of the selection. The tape
direction arrow will blink while in previous mode.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in
this player.
To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, press
EJECT or RECALL. Then, insert the cassette tape.
If the ignition is on but the radio is off, the tape will
begin playing.
3-18
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
2 PROG (Program): Press this pushbutton to switch
from one side of the tape to the other.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton or the right SEEK
arrow to search for the next selection. A minimum
three-second blank gap is required for the player to stop
at the beginning of the selection. The tape direction
arrow will blink while in next mode. The sound will
mute while searching for the next selection.
REV 4 (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to rapidly
reverse the tape. Press this pushbutton again to stop
reversing the tape. The radio will play the last selected
station while reversing the tape. The tape direction
arrow will blink while in reverse mode.
D
5 (Dolby): Press this pushbutton to reduce cassette
tape noise. The double-D symbol will appear on the
display while the player is in this mode.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
FWD 6 (Forward): Press this pushbutton to rapidly
forward the tape. Press this pushbutton again to stop
forwarding the tape. The radio will play the last selected
station while forwarding the tape. The tape direction
arrow will blink while in forward mode.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a tape.
TAPE AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a
tape when listening to the radio. The lighted arrow will
appear and show the direction of play when a tape is in
the active mode.
EJECT: Press this button to stop a tape when it is
playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may
be loaded with the radio and vehicle off if this button is
pressed first.
Cassette Tape Messages
CLN (Clean): If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
3-19
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(BoseR) (If Equipped)
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE AUX button for five
seconds. The tape symbol on the display will flash
for two seconds, indicating the feature is active.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will power
up the radio and begin playing.
This override routine will remain active until the EJECT
button is pressed.
Included with this audio system are six BoseR speakers
and a six channel Bose amplifier. Please see your dealer
for details.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
The knob is capable of being turned continuously.
3-20
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again to turn on the sound.
RECALL: Press this button to display the station being
played or to display the clock. Clock display is available
with the ignition turned off.
SCV (Speed-Compensated Volume): With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Turn the control ring behind the upper
knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Each notch on the
control ring allows for more volume compensation at
faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, SCV
automatically increases the volume, as necessary, to
overcome noise at any speed. The volume level should
always sound the same to you as you drive. If you don’t
want to use SCV, turn the control ring counterclockwise.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to
choose radio stations. Push the knob back into its stored
position when you’re not using it.
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for
two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The
radio will scan to a station, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again
to stop scanning. The radio will scan to stations with a
strong signal only. The sound will mute while scanning.
P.SCAN (Preset Scan): The preset scan button lets you
scan through your favorite stations stored on your
pushbuttons. Select either the AM, FM1 or FM2 mode
and then press P.SCAN. It will scan through each station
stored on your pushbuttons and stop for a few seconds
before continuing to scan through all of the pushbuttons.
Press P.SCAN again or one of the pushbuttons to stop
scanning and listen to a specific preset station. P.SCAN
will light up on the display while in this mode. If one of
the stations stored on a pushbutton is too weak for the
location you are in, the radio display will show the
channel number (P1 through P6) for several seconds
before advancing to the next preset station.
3-21
Setting Preset Stations
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to adjust sound to the left
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons. The sound
will mute. When it returns, release the pushbutton.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
TREB (Treble): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to increase treble and
counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
3-22
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that
are up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes
longer than that are so thin they may not work well in
this player.
To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, press
EJECT or RECALL. Then, insert the cassette tape.
If the ignition is on but the radio is off, the tape will
begin playing.
Once the tape is playing, use the VOL, BAL, FADE,
BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the radio.
D
The tape symbol and a direction arrow will be on the
display whenever a tape is being played. Any time a
tape is inserted, the top side is selected for play first.
5 (Dolby): Press this pushbutton to reduce cassette
tape noise. The double-D symbol will appear on the
display while the player is in this mode.
The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is
metal or CrO2 and adjusts for best playback sound.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton or the left
SEEK arrow to search for the previous selection. A
minimum three-second blank gap is required for the
player to stop at the beginning of the selection. The tape
direction arrow will blink while in previous mode.
FWD 6 (Forward): Press this pushbutton to rapidly
forward the tape. Press this pushbutton again to stop
forwarding the tape. The radio will play the last selected
station while forwarding the tape. The tape direction
arrow will blink while in forward mode.
2 PROG (Program): Press this pushbutton to switch
from one side of the tape to the other.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a tape or CD.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton or the right SEEK arrow
to search for the next selection. A minimum
three-second blank gap is required for the player to stop
at the beginning of the selection. The tape direction
arrow will blink while in next mode. The sound will
mute while searching for the next selection.
TAPE AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a
tape when listening to the radio. When a tape is playing,
a lighted arrow will appear on the display and show the
direction of play. (If the radio is turned off, the tape
stays in the player and will resume playing at the point
where it stopped.)
REV 4 (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to rapidly
reverse the tape. Press this pushbutton again to stop
reversing the tape. The radio will play the last selected
station while reversing the tape. The tape direction
arrow will blink while in reverse mode.
EJECT: Press this button to stop a tape when it is
playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may
be loaded with the radio and vehicle off if this button is
pressed first.
3-23
Cassette Tape Messages
CLN (Clean): If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
and Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
Playing the Radio
3. Press and hold the TAPE AUX button for
five seconds. The tape symbol on the display will
flash for two seconds, indicating the feature is active.
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will power
up the radio and begin playing.
This override routine will remain active until EJECT
is pressed.
3-24
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
The knob is capable of rotating continuously.
SCV (Speed-Compensated Volume): With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Turn the control ring behind the upper
knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Each notch on the
control ring allows for more volume compensation at
faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, SCV
automatically increases the volume, as necessary, to
overcome noise at any speed. The volume level should
always sound the same to you as you drive. If you don’t
want to use SCV, turn the control all the way down.
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next station or previous station and stay there. The radio
will seek to stations with a strong signal only. The sound
will mute while seeking.
RECALL: Pressing this button will display the station
being played or it will display the clock. Clock display
is available with the ignition turned off.
P.SCAN (Preset Scan): Press this button to scan
through your favorite stations stored on your
pushbuttons. P.SCAN will appear on the display. The
radio will scan to the first preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press this button again or one of the
pushbuttons to stop scanning. The channel number
(P1 through P6) will appear with the frequency. The
radio will scan preset stations with a strong signal only.
The sound will mute while scanning.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to
choose radio stations. Push the knob back into its stored
position when you’re not using it.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for
two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The
radio will scan to a station, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again
to stop scanning. The radio will scan to stations with a
strong signal only. The sound will mute while scanning.
3-25
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
TREB (Treble): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to increase treble and
counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the setting you prefer.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
5. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons. The sound
will mute. When it returns, release the pushbutton.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that pushbutton.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
bass and treble equalization settings designed for
country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and
classical stations.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Each time you press the AUTO TONE button, this
feature will switch to one of these program types.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, either
press and release the AUTO TONE button until the
display goes blank or press and release the BASS or
TREB knobs and turn them until the display goes blank.
3-26
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to adjust sound to the left
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc
should play. CD and a CD symbol will also appear on
the display. Anytime you are playing a CD, the letters
CD will be next to the CD symbol.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to search for
the previous track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it
more than once, the disc will advance further. Sound is
muted in this mode.
2 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to play the
tracks on the disc in random order. RANDOM will
appear on the display. Press this pushbutton again to
return to normal play.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to search for the next
track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the disc will advance further. The next track
number will appear on the display. Sound is muted in
this mode.
REV 4 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
return rapidly to a favorite passage. You will hear the
disc play at high speed while you press this pushbutton.
This allows you to listen and find out when the disc is
at the desired passage. Release this pushbutton to
resume playing.
FWD 6 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance rapidly within a track. You will hear the disc
play at high speed while you press this pushbutton.
This allows you to listen and find out when the disc is
at the desired passage. Release this pushbutton to
resume playing.
SEEK : The right arrow is the same as NEXT, and
a the left arrow is the same as PREV. If the right or left
arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving forward or backward through the disc.
3-27
RECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing.
Press it again within five seconds to see how long the
CD has been playing that track. Elapsed time is
displayed in minutes and seconds. The track number
will also appear when a new track begins to play. Press
this button again to return to the time display.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a CD. The CD symbol will still display but the
word CD will be replaced with either AM, FM1 or FM2.
If the radio is turned off, the disc stays in the player and
will resume playing at the point where it stopped.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a
CD when listening to the radio. When a disc is playing,
the letters CD and the CD symbol will appear on the
display. If the radio is turned off, the disc stays in
the player and will resume playing at the point where
it stopped.
EJECT: Press this button to eject the disc from the
player and play the radio. When the same or a new disc
is inserted, the disc will start playing on track one. If a
compact disc is left sitting in the opening for more than
a few seconds, the player will pull the CD back in. The
radio will continue playing. When the ignition is off,
press this button to load a CD.
3-28
Compact Disc Messages
ERR (Error): If this message appears and the disc
comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:
D If you’re driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smooth the disc should play.
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
Press RECALL to make ERR go off of the display.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically to
make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. AVOL will appear on
the display. The volume level should always sound the
same to you as you drive. Each higher volume setting
allows for more volume compensation at faster vehicle
speeds. Then as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume as necessary to overcome noise at any speed.
NONE will appear on the display if the radio cannot
determine the vehicle speed. If you don’t want to use
automatic volume, select OFF.
DISP (Display): Press this knob when the ignition is off
to display the clock.
3-29
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there. The radio will
seek to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will
mute while seeking.
PSCAN
(Preset Scan): Press and hold one of the
arrows for more than two seconds and the radio will
produce one beep. The radio will scan to the first preset
station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few
seconds and flash the station frequency, then go on to
the next preset station. Press one of the arrows or one of
the pushbuttons again to stop scanning. SCAN will be
displayed whenever the tuner is in the preset scan mode.
The channel number (P1 through P6) will appear with
the frequency. In FM mode, this function will scan
through the current band such as FM1 or FM2. The
radio will scan preset stations with a strong signal only.
The sound will mute while scanning.
3-30
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to choose the bass and treble
equalization that best suits the type of station you are
listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons.
The radio will produce one beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set
will return and the bass and treble equalization that
you selected will also be automatically selected for
that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease. The display
will show the bass or treble level. If a station is weak or
noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
To adjust bass and treble to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will
produce one beep and adjust the display level to the
middle position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. You will hear one beep
and the radio will display ALL. The bass and treble will
be adjusted to the middle position.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
preset bass and treble equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and
classical stations.
Each time you press the AUTO TONE button, this
feature will switch to one of these program types.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
push and release the AUDIO knob until the display
goes blank.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and
left speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until
BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob clockwise to
move the sound to the right speakers and
counterclockwise to move the sound to the left speakers.
To adjust the fade, push and release the AUDIO knob
until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to move the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise to move the sound to the
rear speakers.
3-31
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob, then push it again and hold it
until you hear one beep. The balance and fade will be
adjusted to the middle position and the display will
show the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS is a system that receives data along
with the audio of the FM station you are currently tuned
to. You can use RDS to display program information
and to control your radio. With RDS your radio can do
the following:
RDS features are only available on FM stations which
broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of your
radio rely on receiving specific RDS information from
these stations. These features will only work when the
RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
will appear on the display, instead of the frequency.
Most RDS stations provide their station name, the time
of day and a Program Type (PTY) for their current
programming. Some stations also provide the name of
the current program.
Finding RDS Stations
To find RDS stations, perform the following steps:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
1. Press the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST knob to display the program type list.
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
2. Turn the knob either clockwise or counterclockwise
to select a program type. The list is alphabetical. If
you select ANY TYPE your radio will seek to the
first PTY available.
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
3. Press the SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
want to listen to,
national emergencies, and
3-32
DISP (Display): Press this knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. Pressing this knob will
also display an RDS station frequency or program type
when the radio is on. The display options are station
name, station frequency, PTY and the name of the
program (if available). Pressing and holding this knob
will activate the RDS default display.
Finding a PTY Preset Station
P-TYPE LIST (Program Type): Turn this knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to select the Program
Type (PTY) you want to listen to. TYPE and a PTY will
appear on the display. Press the SEEK TYPE button and
the radio will seek to the first RDS broadcaster of the
selected program type. If the radio cannot find the
desired program type, NONE will appear on the display
and the radio will return to the last station you were
listening to.
AM FM (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold AM FM for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations. Press and hold AM FM again for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on
the display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
When you turn the ignition off and then on again,
the alternate frequency feature will automatically be
turned on.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY; TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing.
Press TYPE a second time to seek. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, the radio will return to the
original station and display NONE.
3-33
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of national or local emergencies.
You will not be able to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! appears on the display when an alert
announcement plays. When an alert announcement
comes on the current radio station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. If the compact disc player is playing, play
will stop for the announcement and resume when the
announcement is finished.
This function will only work during actual emergency
broadcasts, and will not work during tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on the
display. These text messages are from the RDS
broadcaster to the listening public and may be general
information such as artist and song title, call in phone
numbers, etc. Press this button to see the message.
If the whole message does not appear on the display,
parts of the message will appear every three seconds
until the message is completed. To scroll through the
3-34
message at your own speed, press the INFO button again
for less than one second. A new group of words will
appear on the display. Once the complete message has
been displayed, the information symbol will disappear
from the display until another new message is received.
The old message can be displayed by pressing the INFO
button until a new message is received or a different
station is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current station does not broadcast
traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a station
that does. The traffic symbol will flash on the display.
When the radio finds a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements, it will stop. If no station is found, NO
TRAF will appear on the display.
Your radio can be programmed to interrupt the playback
of a CD or FM station by enabling the traffic interrupt
feature. Press the TRAF button once to seek to an RDS
station that supports the traffic interrupt feature if the
current station does not. The traffic symbol will flash on
the display when seeking for a station that supports
traffic interrupt. When the traffic interrupt feature is on,
TRAF will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a
compact disc is playing. The traffic symbol and
TRAFFIC will appear on the display while the traffic
announcement plays. If the compact disc player was
being used, the compact disc will stay in the player and
resume play at the point where it stopped.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the disc should begin playing.
The display will show the CD symbol. If you want to
insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first press
DISP or EJT.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing for
less than eight seconds. If this pushbutton is pressed and
the current track has been playing for more than eight
seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving back through the
disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
3-35
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
SEEK : Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or previous track. Press the right arrow to go
to the start of the next track. If either of the arrows is
held or pressed more then once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the track.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
will appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the track.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
ON will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track starts
to play. Press RDM again to turn off random play.
RDM OFF will appear on the display.
3-36
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD will stop but remain
in the player.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The inactive CD will remain
safely inside the radio for future listening.
EJT (Eject): Press this button to stop a CD when it
is playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
Compact Disc Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
(BoseR) (If Equipped)
D If you’re driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smooth the disc should play.
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Included with this audio system are six Bose speakers
and a six channel Bose amplifier. Please see your dealer
for details.
3-37
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
The knob is capable of rotating continuously.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again to turn on the sound.
RECALL: Press this button to display the station being
played or to display the clock. Clock display is available
with the ignition turned off.
SCV (Speed-Compensated Volume): With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Turn the control ring behind the upper
knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Each notch on the
control ring allows for more volume compensation at
faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, SCV
automatically increases the volume, as necessary, to
overcome noise at any speed. The volume level should
always sound the same to you as you drive. If you don’t
want to use SCV, turn the control all the way down.
3-38
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to
choose radio stations. Push the knob back into its stored
position when you’re not using it.
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there. The radio will
seek to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will
mute while seeking.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for
two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The
radio will scan to a station, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again
to stop scanning. The radio will scan to stations with a
strong signal only. The sound will mute while scanning.
P.SCAN (Preset Scan): Press this button to scan
through your favorite stations stored on your
pushbuttons. P.SCAN will appear on the display. The
radio will scan to the first preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press this button again or one of the
pushbuttons to stop scanning. The channel number
(P1 through P6) will appear with the frequency. The
radio will scan preset stations with a strong signal only.
The sound will mute while scanning.
Setting Preset Stations
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to adjust sound to the left
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons. The sound
will mute. When it returns, release the pushbutton.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
TREB (Treble): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to increase treble and
counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc
should play. CD and a CD symbol will also appear on
the display. Anytime you are playing a CD, the letters
CD will be next to the CD symbol.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to search for
the previous track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it
more than once, the disc will advance further. Sound is
muted in this mode.
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2 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to play the
tracks on the disc in random order. RANDOM will
appear on the display. Press this pushbutton again to
return to normal play.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to search for the next
track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the disc will advance further. The next track
number will appear on the display. Sound is muted in
this mode.
REV 4 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
return rapidly to a favorite passage. You will hear the
disc track play at high speed while you press this
pushbutton. This allows you to listen and find out when
the disc is at the desired passage. Release this
pushbutton to resume playing.
FWD 6 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance rapidly within a track. You will hear the disc
track play at high speed while you press this pushbutton.
This allows you to listen and find out when the disc is at
the desired passage. Release this pushbutton to resume
playing.
SEEK : The right arrow is the same as NEXT, and
the left arrow is the same as PREV. If the right or left
arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving forward or backward through the CD.
3-40
RECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing.
Press it again within five seconds to see how long the
CD has been playing that track. Elapsed time is
displayed in minutes and seconds. The track number
will also appear when a new track begins to play. Press
this button again to return to the time display.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a CD. The CD symbol will still display but the
word CD will be replaced with either AM, FM1 or FM2.
If the radio is turned off, the disc stays in the player and
will resume playing at the point where it stopped.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a
CD when listening to the radio. When a disc is playing,
the letters CD and the CD symbol will appear on the
display. If the radio is turned off, the disc stays in
the player and will resume playing at the point where
it stopped.
EJECT: Press this button to eject the disc from the
player and play the radio. When the same or a new disc
is inserted, the disc will start playing on track one. If a
compact disc is left sitting in the opening for more than
a few seconds, the player will pull the CD back in. The
radio will continue playing. When the ignition is off,
press this button to load a CD.
Compact Disc Messages
ERR (Error): If the disc comes back out and this
message appears on the display, it could be for one of
the following reasons:
D You are driving on a very rough road. (The disc
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
System (RDS) and Automatic Tone Control
(If Equipped)
should play when the road gets smoother.)
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
Press RECALL to make ERR go off the display.
3-41
Playing the Radio
Finding a Station
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically to
make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. AVOL will appear on
the display. The volume level should always sound the
same to you as you drive. Each higher volume setting
allows for more volume compensation at faster vehicle
speeds. Then as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume as necessary to overcome noise at any speed.
NONE will appear on the display if the radio cannot
determine the vehicle speed. If you don’t want to use
automatic volume, select OFF.
3-42
A TUNE ": Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
A SEEK ": Press the right or left arrow to seek to the
next or previous station and stay there. The radio will
seek to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will
mute while seeking.
A PSCAN " (Preset Scan): Press and hold one of the
arrows for more than two seconds. The radio will
produce one beep. The radio will scan to the first preset
station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Press one of the
arrows or one of the pushbuttons again to stop scanning.
SCAN will be displayed whenever the tuner is in the
preset scan mode. The channel number (P1 through P6)
will appear with the frequency. In FM mode, this
function will scan through the current band such as FM1
or FM2. The radio will scan to stations with a strong
signal only. The sound will mute while scanning.
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
AUDIO: Press and release the AUDIO knob until
BASS or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease.
The display will show the bass or treble level. If a
station is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease
the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to choose the bass and treble
equalization that best suits the type of station you
are listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons.
The radio will produce one beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set
will return and the bass and treble equalization that
you selected will also be automatically selected for
that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To adjust the bass and treble to the middle position, push
and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one
beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
bass and treble equalization settings designed for
country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and
classical stations.
Each time you press the AUTO TONE button, this
feature will switch to one of these program types.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, press
and release the AUDIO knob.
3-43
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance to the right and left
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the knob clockwise to move
the sound to the right speakers and counterclockwise to
move the sound to the left speakers.
To adjust the fade to the front and rear speakers, push
and release the AUDIO knob until FADE appears on the
display. Turn the knob clockwise to move the sound to
the front speakers and counterclockwise to move the
sound to the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob then push it again and hold it
until the radio produces one beep. The balance and fade
will be adjusted to the middle position and the display
will show the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
3-44
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data System
(RDS). RDS is a system that receives data along with the
audio of the FM station you are currently tuned to. You can
use RDS to display program information and to control your
radio. With RDS, the radio can do the following:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available on FM stations that
broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of your
radio rely on receiving specific RDS information from
these stations. These features will only work when the
RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
will appear on the display, instead of the frequency.
Most RDS stations provide their station name, the time
of day and a Program Type (PTY) for their current
programming. Some stations also provide the name of
the current program.
Finding RDS Stations
Finding a PTY Preset Station
To find RDS stations perform the following steps:
P-TYPE LIST (Program Type): Turn this knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to select the Program
Type (PTY) you want to listen to. SEEK TYPE and a
PTY will appear on the display. Press the SEEK TYPE
button and the radio will seek to the first RDS
broadcaster of the selected program type. If the radio
cannot find the desired program type, NONE will appear
on the display and the radio will return to the last station
you were listening to.
1. Push the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST knob to display the program type list.
2. Turn the knob either clockwise or counterclockwise
to select a program type. The list is alphabetical. If
you select ANY TYPE your radio will seek to the
first PTY available.
3. Push the SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume when RDS interrupts regular play. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. Pressing this knob will
also display an RDS station frequency or program type
when the radio is on. The display options are station
name, station frequency, PTY and the name of the
program (if available). Pressing and holding this knob
will activate the RDS default display.
AM FM (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with
the same program type. Press and hold AM FM for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations. Press and hold AM FM again for two seconds to
turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations. When
you turn the ignition off and then on again, the alternate
frequency feature will automatically be turned on.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY; TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing.
Press SEEK TYPE a second time to seek. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, the radio will return
to the original station and display NONE.
3-45
RDS Messages
ALERT: Alert warns of national or local emergencies.
You will not be able to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! appears on the display when an alert
announcement plays. When an alert announcement
comes on the current radio station, you will hear it, even
if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or compact disc
is playing. If the cassette tape or compact disc player is
playing, play will stop for the announcement and resume
when the announcement is finished.
This function will only work during actual emergency
broadcasts, and will not work during tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information icon will appear on the display.
These text messages are from the RDS broadcaster to the
listening public and may be general information such as
artist and song title, call in phone numbers, etc. Press this
button to see the message. If the whole message does not
appear on the display, parts of the message will appear
every three seconds until the message is completed. To
scroll through the message at your own speed, press the
INFO button again for less than one second. A new group
of words will appear on the display. Once the complete
message has been displayed, the information icon will
3-46
disappear from the display until another new message is
received. The old message can be displayed by pressing
the INFO button until a new message is received or a
different station is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current station does not broadcast
traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a station
that does. The traffic symbol will flash on the display.
When the radio finds a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements, it will stop. If no station is found, NO
TRAF will appear on the display.
Your radio can be programmed to interrupt the playback
of a cassette tape, CD or FM radio by enabling the
traffic interrupt feature. Press the TRAF button once to
seek to an RDS station that supports the traffic interrupt
feature if the current station does not. The traffic symbol
will flash on the display when seeking for a station that
supports traffic interrupt. When the traffic interrupt
feature is on, TRAF will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a
cassette tape or compact disc is playing. The traffic
symbol and TRAFFIC will appear on the display while
the traffic announcement plays. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player was being used, the tape or compact
disc will stay in the player and resume play at the point
where it stopped.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the
tape can be inserted and will begin playing. A tape
symbol is shown on the display whenever a tape is
inserted. If you hear nothing but a garbled sound, the
tape may not be in squarely. Press EJT to remove the
tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUDIO and
SEEK controls just as you do for the radio. The display
will show TAPE and an arrow showing which side of
the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition is off, first
press EJT or DISP.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous selection on the tape if the selection has been
playing for less than three seconds. If this pushbutton is
pressed and the current selection has been playing for
more than 13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of the
current selection. If this pushbutton is pressed and the
current selection has been playing from 3 to 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the previous selection or the
beginning of the current selection, depending upon the
position on the tape. SEEK and a -1 will appear on the
display while the cassette player is in the previous mode.
If this pushbutton is pressed additional times or held, the
radio will go to the displayed number of previous
selections up to 9. SEEK and a negative number will
appear on the display. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selection for
previous to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
3-47
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next
selection on the tape. If you press the pushbutton more
than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the tape. SEEK and a positive number will
appear on the display. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selection for next
to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
3 REV (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will play the last selected station while the
tape reverses. The station frequency and REV will
appear on the display. You may select stations during
reverse operation by using the TUNE DISP and SEEK.
4 FWD (Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
quickly to another part of the tape. Press this pushbutton
again to return to playing speed. The radio will play the
last selected station while the tape advances. The station
frequency and FWD will appear on the display. You
may select stations during forward operation by using
TUNE DISP and SEEK.
5 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play the other side
of the tape.
3-48
D
6
(Dolby): Press this pushbutton to reduce
background noise. NR ON will appear on the display.
Press it again to turn Dolby NR off. NR OFF will
appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
A SEEK ": The right arrow is the same as the NEXT
pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the PREV
pushbutton. If the arrow is held or pressed more than
once, the player will continue moving forward or
backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive or
negative number will appear on the display.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
tape is playing. The tape will stop but remain in the player.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a tape when
listening to the radio. Press this button to switch
between the tape and compact disc if both are loaded.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
EJT (Eject): Press this button to stop a tape when
it is playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing.
Eject may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes
may be loaded with the radio off if this button is
pressed first.
Cassette Tape Messages
Playing a Compact Disc
CHK TAPE (Check Tape): If CHK TAPE appears on
the radio display, the tape won’t play because of one of
the following errors.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the disc should begin playing.
The display will show the CD symbol. If you want to
insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first press
DISP or EJT.
D The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the tape
hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the open
end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
D The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
D The tape is wrapped around the tape head. Attempt
to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing for
less than eight seconds. If this pushbutton is pressed and
the current track has been playing for more than
eight seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current
track. TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving back through the
disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
3-49
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the normal
playing speed. Release it to play the passage. The
display will show ET and the elapsed time.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
ON will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track starts
to play. Press this pushbutton again to turn off random
play. RDM OFF will appear on the display.
A SEEK ": Press the left arrow to go to the start of the
current or previous track. Press the right arrow to go to
the start of the next track. If either of the arrows is held
or pressed more then once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
3-50
DISP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
will appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD will stop but remain in
the player.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a tape when
listening to the radio. Press this button to switch
between the tape and compact disc if both are loaded.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
EJT (Eject): Press this button to stop a CD when it
is playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
Compact Disc Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
D If you’re driving on a very rough road. When the
AM-FM Stereo with Six-Disc Compact
Disc Player with Programmable
Equalization and Radio Data System (RDS)
(If Equipped)
road becomes smooth the disc should play.
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-51
Playing the Radio
Finding a Station
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
VOLUME: Turn the knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): Your system has a
feature called automatic volume. With this feature, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select MIN, MED or MAX. Each higher choice allows
for more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Then, as you drive, automatic volume increases the
volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use automatic volume,
select OFF.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to display the station
being played or to display the clock. Pushing this knob
with the ignition off will display the clock
3-52
t
u
t
u
SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to go to the
next or previous station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN : Press and hold either SCAN arrow for
two seconds until SC appears on the display and you
hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either
SCAN arrow again to stop scanning. If you press SCAN
for more than four seconds, the radio will change to
preset scan mode. The sound will mute while scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds, PRESET SCAN
will appear on the display. You will hear a double beep.
The radio will go to a preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either SCAN arrow
again to stop scanning presets. The sound will mute
while scanning.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization that best
suits the type of station selected.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return
and the equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push the AUDIO knob until BASS, MID or
TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to increase
or decrease. When you use this knob, the radio’s tone
setting will switch to custom. If a station is weak or
noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
To adjust bass, midrange or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID or TREB and push and hold
the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep and
adjust the display level to zero.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and CENTERED will appear on the display.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): This feature
allows you to choose preset bass, midrange and treble
equalization settings designed for country, jazz, talk,
pop, rock and classical program types.
The program type last chosen will appear on the display
when you first press AUTO EQ. Each time you press
this button, another program type will appear on the
display and AUTO EQ will switch to one of the preset
program types.
To return to the manual mode (CUSTOM), press the
AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the
display. Then you will be able to manually adjust the
bass, midrange and treble using the AUDIO knob.
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Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Using RDS
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and
left speakers, push the AUDIO knob until BAL appears
on the display. Turn the knob to adjust the sound to the
left or right speakers. The middle position balances the
sound between the speakers.
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new
features. With RDS, the radio can do the following:
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and hold the AUDIO knob until FAD appears on
the display. Turn the knob to adjust the sound to the
front or rear speakers. The middle position balances the
sound between the speakers.
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
select balance or fade and push and hold the AUDIO
knob. The radio will beep once and will adjust the
display level to the middle position.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, contact the radio station.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when tone
or speaker controls are not displayed. The radio will
produce one beep and CENTERED will appear on
the display.
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D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY) for
their current programming.
Finding a PTY Station
P-TYPE (Program Type): This button is used to turn
on and off Program Type (PTY) selections. PTY and the
light next to the button will turn on. The last selected
PTY will appear on the display for five seconds.
Turn the P-TYPE knob to select the PTY you want to
listen to. Press the SEEK arrows to find radio stations
for the PTY you want to listen to. The last PTY selected
will be used for seek or scan modes. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, NONE FOUND will appear
on the display. If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the
radio will search for stations with traffic announcements
and the selected PTY.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold the
P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY
you want to interrupt on. When you are listening to a
compact disc, the last selected RDS FM station will
interrupt play if that selected program type format
is broadcast.
AM FM (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold AM FM for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations. Press and hold AM FM again for two seconds to
turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations. When
you turn the ignition off and then on again, the alternate
frequency feature will automatically be turned on.
Setting PTY Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Press AM FM to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press P-TYPE to activate program type mode.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
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RDS Messages
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the current radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a compact
disc is playing. If the compact disc player is playing,
play will stop for the announcement and resume when
the announcement is finished.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. If the whole message does
not appear on the display, parts of the message will
appear every three seconds until the message is
completed. To see the parts of the message faster than
every three seconds, press this button again. A new
group of words will appear on the display. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received.
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TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the current station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NONE FOUND will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. If the compact disc player was being used, the
compact disc will stay in the player and resume play at
the point where it stopped.
Playing a Compact Disc
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
LOAD CD
: Press the LOAD side of this button to
load CDs into the compact disc player. This compact
disc player will hold up to six discs.
To insert one disc, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD side of the LOAD
CD button.
3. Wait for the light, located to the right of the slot, to
turn green.
4. Load a disc. Insert a disc partway into the slot, label
side up. The player will pull the disc in.
When a disc is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If you select an equalization setting for your
disc, it will be activated each time you play a disc.
If the radio is on or off, the disc will begin to
play automatically.
To insert multiple discs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the light, located to the
right of the slot, will begin to flash.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green, load a
disc. Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the disc in.
Once the disc is loaded, the light will begin flashing
again. Once the light stops flashing and turns green
you can load another disc. The disc player takes up
to six discs. Do not try to load more than six.
To load more than one disc but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When you have finished loading
discs, with the radio on or off, press the LOAD side of
the LOAD CD button to cancel the loading function.
The radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
When a disc is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If more than one disc has been loaded, a
number for each disc will be displayed. If you select an
equalization setting for your disc, it will be activated
each time you play a disc.
If the radio is on or off, the last disc loaded will begin to
play automatically.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
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Playing a Specific Loaded Compact Disc
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the radio
display. To play a specific CD, first press the CD AUX
button to start playing a CD. Then press the numbered
pushbutton that corresponds to the CD you want to play.
A small bar will appear under the CD number that is
playing, and the track number will appear.
If an error appears on the radio display, see “Compact
Disc Messages” later in this section.
LOAD CD
(Eject): The CD eject side of this
button will eject a disc or discs, if you have multiple
discs loaded. To eject a disc or discs from the disc
player, perform one of the following steps:
D Press and release the CD eject side of the LOAD CD
button to eject the disc that is currently playing, or
D to eject all of the discs, press the CD eject side of the
LOAD CD button for two seconds, you will hear a
beep, and the light will flash to let you know when a
disc is being ejected.
When the CD eject side of the LOAD CD button is
pressed, the receiver will eject the disc and REMOVE
CD will be displayed. You can now remove the disc.
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If the disc is not removed, after 25 seconds, the disc will
be automatically pulled back into the receiver. If you try
to push the disc back into the receiver, before the
25 second time period is complete, the receiver will
sense an error and will try to eject the disc several times
before stopping.
Do not repeatedly press the CD eject side of the LOAD
CD eject button to eject a disc after you have tried to
push it in manually. The receiver’s 25-second eject
timer will reset at each press of eject, which will cause
the receiver to not eject the disc until the 25-second time
period has elapsed.
Once the player stops and the disc is ejected, remove
the disc. After removing the disc, press the PWR knob
off and then on again. This will clear the disc-sensing
feature and enable discs to be loaded into the
player again.
% REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button to reverse
quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced
volume. Release it to play the passage. The display will
show elapsed time.
&
FWD (Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release it to play the passage. The
display will show elapsed time.
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, you can repeat one track or
an entire disc. To use repeat, do the following:
D To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn it off.
D To repeat the disc you are listening to, press and hold
the RPT button for two seconds. RPT will appear on
the display. Press RPT again to turn if off.
RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to
the tracks in random, rather than sequential order, on
one disc or on all of the discs. To use random, do one of
the following:
D To play the tracks on the disc you are listening to in
random order, press and hold RDM for more than
two seconds. You will hear a beep and RANDOM
ONE will appear on the display. Press RDM again to
turn if off.
D Press and release the RDM button to play the tracks
on all of the discs that are loaded, in random order.
RANDOM ALL will appear on the display. Press
RDM to turn it off.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO
EQ to select the desired preset equalization setting while
playing a compact disc. The equalization will be
automatically set whenever you play a compact disc.
See “AUTO EQ” listed previously for more information.
t
u
t
u
SEEK : To seek, press the left arrow while playing
a CD to go to the start of the current track, if more than
ten seconds have passed. Press the right arrow to go to
the next track. If you press the button more than once,
the player will continue moving backward or forward
through the disc.
SCAN : To scan one disc, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to each track of the currently selected
disc for ten seconds. The sound will mute while
scanning. SCAN will appear on the display. Press either
SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.
To scan all loaded discs, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until DISC SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to the first track, for ten seconds for
each disc loaded. The sound will mute while scanning to
the next track. DISC SCAN will appear on the display.
Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.
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P-TYPE (Program Type): Press this knob to see how
long the current track has been playing. To change what
is normally shown on the display (track or elapsed
time), press the knob until you see the display you want,
then hold the knob until the display flashes.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc(s) is in the player.
Using Song List Mode
The integrated six-disc CD changer has a feature
called song list. This feature is capable of saving
20 track selections.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform the
following steps:
3. Select the desired disc by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK SCAN right
arrow button to locate the track that you want to
save. The track will begin to play.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two or
more seconds to save the track into memory. When
SONG LIST is pressed a beep will be heard
immediately. After two seconds of pressing SONG
LIST continuously, two beeps will sound to confirm
that the track has been saved.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
If you attempt to save more than 20 selections, S-LIST
FULL will appear on the display.
1. Turn the disc player on and load it with at least one
disc. See “LOAD CD” listed previously in this
section for more information.
To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will appear on the
display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in the
order that they were saved.
2. Check to see that the disc changer is not in song list
mode. S-LIST should not appear in the display. If
S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST button to
turn it off.
You may seek through the song list by using the SEEK
SCAN arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will
return you to the first saved track.
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To delete tracks from the song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the disc player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press the SEEK SCAN arrows to select the desired
track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two
seconds. When pressing SONG LIST, one beep will
be heard immediately. After two seconds of pressing
the SONG LIST button continuously, two beeps will
be heard to confirm that the track has been deleted.
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the tracks will be added to the end of the list.
To delete the entire song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the disc player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for more than
four seconds. A beep will be heard, followed by
two beeps after two seconds and a final beep will be
heard after four seconds. S-LIST EMPTY will
appear on the display indicating that the song list has
been deleted.
If a disc is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that disc, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be removed
from the display.
Compact Disc Messages
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display, it could be due to one of the following reasons:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
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Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (If Equipped)
Rear Seat Audio Controls
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to and
control any of the music sources: AM-FM, cassette
tapes and CDs, through the Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
controller. However, the rear seat passengers can only
control the music sources that the front seat passengers
are not listening to. For example, rear seat passengers
may listen to a cassette tape through headphones while
the driver listens to the radio through the front speakers.
The rear seat passengers have control of the volume for
each set of headphones. Be aware that the front seat
audio controls always have priority over the RSA
controls. If the front seat passengers switch the source
for the main radio to a remote source, the RSA will play
the same remote source. The rear speakers will be muted
when the RSA power is turned on. You may operate the
RSA functions even when the main radio is off.
Primary Radio Controls
The following function is controlled by the knob on the
main radio:
PWR (Power): Push this knob twice to turn RSA off.
3-62
The following functions are controlled by the RSA
system buttons:
PWR (Power): Press this button to turn RSA on or off.
VOL (Volume): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to increase volume and
counterclockwise to decrease volume. Push the knob
back into its stored position when you’re not using it.
The left knob controls the left headphone and the right
knob controls the right headphone.
While listening to a CD, press the right arrow to hear the
next track on the CD. Press the left arrow to go back to
the start of the current track (if more than eight seconds
have played). The SEEK button is inactive if the CD
mode (if equipped) on the front radio or the CD changer
is in use.
SEEK : While listening to AM FM, press the right
or left arrow to seek to the next or previous station and
stay there. The sound will mute while seeking. The
SEEK button is inactive if the AM FM mode on the
front radio is in use.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow until
the radio goes into SCAN mode. The radio will go to a
station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.
The SCAN function is inactive if the AM FM mode on
the front radio is in use.
While listening to a cassette tape, press the right arrow
to hear the next selection on the tape. Press the left
arrow to go back to the previous selection. The SEEK
button is inactive if the tape mode on the front radio is
in use.
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. If the front passengers are already listening to
AM FM, the RSA controller will not switch between the
bands and cannot change the frequency.
Press AM FM to return to listening to the radio when a
cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
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P.SET PROG (Preset Program): The front passengers
must be listening to something different for each of
these functions to work:
Remote Cassette Tape Player (If Equipped)
D Press this button to scan through the preset radio
stations set on the pushbuttons on the main radio.
The radio will go to a preset station, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
D When a cassette tape is playing, press this button to
go to the other side of the tape.
D When a CD is playing in the CD changer, press this
button to select the next disc.
TAPE CD: Press this button to switch between playing
a tape or CD and console-mounted CD changer if
loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
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If your vehicle has this feature it is located in the front
of the center console.
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that
are up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes
longer than that are so thin they may not work well in
this player.
To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, first press
EJECT on the remote player. Then, insert the cassette
tape. The tape will play if the ignition is on but the radio
is off.
Once the tape is playing, use the control knobs for
VOL, AUTO TONE, BAL, FADE, BASS and TREB
just as you do for the radio. A lighted tape symbol
shows when a cassette tape is in the player. A lighted
arrow will also appear and show the direction of play
when a tape is active.
The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is
metal or CrO2 and adjusts for best playback sound.
Anytime a cassette tape is inserted, the top side is
selected for play first.
Primary Radio Controls
The following functions are controlled by the
main radio:
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton or the left
SEEK arrow (in the opposite direction that the lighted
tape direction arrow points) to search for the previous
selection. A minimum three-second blank gap is needed
for the player to stop at the beginning of the selection.
The tape direction arrow will blink during the SEEK
operation and the sound is muted in this mode.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton or the right SEEK arrow
(in the direction that the lighted tape direction arrow
points) to search for the next selection. The tape
direction arrow will blink during SEEK operation and
the sound is muted in this mode.
REV 4 (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to rapidly
reverse the tape. The tape will rapidly reverse to the
beginning of the cassette or until you press this
pushbutton again. The radio plays the last selected
station during reverse operation.
D
5
: Press this pushbutton to turn Dolby NR on and
off. Dolby NR is active when a tape is inserted in the
remote cassette. The double-D symbol will appear on
the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
FWD 6 (Forward): Press this pushbutton to rapidly
advance the tape. The tape will rapidly advance to the
end of the cassette or until you press this pushbutton
again. The radio plays the last selected station during
forward operation.
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AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a tape is playing. The inactive tape will remain
in the player.
Console-Mounted CD Changer
(If Equipped)
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a tape
when listening to the radio. The lighted arrow will
appear next to the symbol and show the direction of play
when a tape is active.
Remote Cassette Tape Player Controls
The following functions are controlled by the remote
cassette tape player:
PROG (Program): Press this button on the remote
player to go from one side of the tape to the other.
EJECT: Press this button on the remote player to
remove the tape. EJECT can be used with either the
ignition or radio off. Also, you must press EJECT before
loading a cassette with the radio off to allow loading.
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If your vehicle is equipped with the console-mounted
compact disc changer, it is located in the center console.
Some vehicles may have this feature mounted in the
front console just below the climate control system
and accessory power outlets. With the compact disc
changer, you can play up to six discs continuously.
Normal size discs may be played using the slots
supplied in the magazine.
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
the door to the right to open the compact disc changer
(for the front console-mounted changer, push the door to
the right and it will open automatically). Push the
magazine into the changer in the direction of the arrow
marked on the magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the left
(for the front console-mounted changer, push the door
to the left and it will close automatically). When the CD
magazine is loaded, the changer will begin checking for
discs in the magazine. This will continue for up to
one and a half minutes, depending on the number of
discs loaded.
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Load the CDs from bottom to
top, placing the discs in the magazine label side up. If
you load a disc label side down, the disc will not play
and an error will occur. Repeat this procedure for
loading up to six discs in the magazine.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide or push the
door open, then press EJECT. Remember to keep the
door closed whenever possible to keep dirt and dust
from getting inside the changer.
Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a CD
begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front of
the magazine.
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If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player (Bose), all of the CD changer
functions are controlled by the radio buttons, except for
ejecting the CD magazine.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing for
less than eight seconds. If this pushbutton is pressed and
the current track has been playing for more than eight
seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current track.
If you hold or press this pushbutton more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc. The
sound will mute while seeking.
2 PROG (Program): Press this pushbutton to select a
disc. The disc number and track number will be displayed.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once,
the player will continue moving forward through the
disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
REV 4 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton
to reverse quickly through a track. Release it to
resume playing.
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FWD 6 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton
to advance quickly through a track. Release it to
resume playing.
SEEK : Press the right SEEK arrow to go to
the next track on the CD. Press the left SEEk arrow to
go to the previous track on the CD. The sound will mute
while seeking.
P.SCAN (Preset Scan): Press this button to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RANDOM will appear on the display. Press this button
again to turn off random play.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
compact disc is playing.
TAPE AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button if you have a
disc loaded in the changer and the radio is turned on, to
play a compact disc. Press this button to switch between
playing a tape and console-mounted CD changer if both
are loaded.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Compact Disc Player (Bose), all of the CD changer
functions are controlled by the radio buttons, except for
ejecting the CD magazine.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing for
less than eight seconds. If this pushbutton is pressed and
the current track has been playing for more than eight
seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current track.
If you hold or press this pushbutton more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc. The
sound will mute while seeking.
2 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RANDOM will appear on the display. Press this
pushbutton again to turn off random play.
3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once,
the player will continue moving forward through the
disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
REV 4 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton
to reverse quickly through a track. Release it to
resume playing.
5: Press this pushbutton to select a disc. The disc
number and track number will be displayed.
FWD 6 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton
to advance quickly through a track. Release it to
resume playing.
SEEK : Press the right SEEK arrow to go the
next track on the CD. Press the left SEEK arrow to go
to the previous track on the CD. The sound will mute
while seeking.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
compact disc is playing.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button if you have a
disc loaded in the changer and the radio is turned on, to
play a compact disc. Press this button to switch between
playing a compact disc and the console-mounted CD
changer if both are loaded.
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Compact Disc Changer Errors
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
ERR (Error): If this message appears on the display, it
could be for one of the following reasons:
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
D You are driving on a very rough road. (The disc
should play when the road gets smoother.)
D A disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
D The disc player is very hot.
D The CD changer door is open. Completely close the
changer door to restore normal operation.
D An empty magazine is inserted in the CD changer.
Try the magazine again with a disc loaded on one of
the trays.
Press RECALL to make ERR go off the display.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer.
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The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power has been interrupted. If your battery loses power
for any reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret
code before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
5. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
The instructions which follow explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
6. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse between
any steps, the radio automatically reverts to time and
you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
8. Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP to let you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
1. Write down any three or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
3. Turn the radio off.
7. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
9. Press AM FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. The
LED indicator by the volume knob will begin
flashing when the ignition is turned off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons at the same time. Hold
them down until --- shows on the display. Next you
will use the secret code number which you have
written down.
3-71
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
1. Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear on the display.
2. Turn the radio off.
2. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
3. Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons at the same time.
Hold them down until SEC shows on the display.
3. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
4. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
4. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
5. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
5. Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code
matches the secret code you have written down. The
display will show SEC, indicating the radio is now
operable and secure.
6. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you can try again. When you
try again, you will only have three chances to enter the
correct code before INOP appears.
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
3-72
7. Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show ---, indicating that the radio
is no longer secured.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is removed and later applied to a
secured radio, the radio won’t turn on and LOC will
appear on the display.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.
To unlock a secured radio, see “Unlocking the
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss” earlier in
this section.
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
(If Equipped)
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning a
portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOCKED or LOC will be displayed.
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
PROG (Program): Press this button to go to a station
you have programmed on the radio preset buttons on the
selected band. If a cassette tape is playing, press this
button to play the other side of the tape. If a compact
disc is playing in the console-mounted CD changer
(if equipped), press this button to go to the next
available CD.
3-73
SEEK : Press the up or down arrow to seek to
the next or previous radio station and stay there.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the player
will advance with the up arrow and reverse with the
down arrow.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system.
Press it again to turn on the sound.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
VOL
(Volume): Press the up or down arrow to
increase or decrease volume.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
3-74
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage do the following:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, Delphi Electronics radio or
other systems, and even damage them. Your
vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-75
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player for 50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If this message appears on
the display, your cassette tape player needs to be
cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as
soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and
player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a
known good cassette to see if it is the tape or the tape
player at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement
in sound quality, clean the tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-76
When cleaning the cassette tape player with the
recommended non-abrasive cleaning cassette, it is
possible that the cassette may eject, because the cut tape
detection feature on your radio may recognize it as a
broken tape. To prevent the cleaning cassette from being
ejected, use the following steps.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio on.
3. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
4. Within five seconds, press and hold the REV and
FWD buttons at the same time for three seconds. The
tape symbol will flash on the display, showing that
the cut tape detection feature is no longer active.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo
with Cassette Tape Player and Automatic Tone Control
or the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player (Bose)
do the following:
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
Care of Your Remote Cassette Tape Player
2. Turn the radio off.
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
3. Press and hold the TAPE AUX button for
five seconds. The tape symbol on the display
will flash for two seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the broken
tape detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold the EJECT
button for five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The
radio will display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Your remote tape player should be cleaned regularly
after every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display
CLN to indicate that you have used your remote cassette
tape player for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean
timer. If this message appears on the display, your
remote cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will
still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
The recommended cleaning method for your remote
cassette tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-77
When cleaning the cassette tape player with the
recommended non-abrasive cleaning cassette, it is
possible that the cassette may eject, because the cut tape
detection feature on your radio may recognize it as a
broken tape.
Use the following procedure to clean your remote
cassette tape player:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Insert the recommended cleaning cassette.
3. If the cleaning cassette ejects, insert the cassette at
least three times to ensure thorough cleaning.
4. Eject the cleaning cassette if it does not eject on
its own.
After you clean the remote cassette tape player, press
and hold the RECALL button on the radio until CLN
appears on the radio display. While still pressing the
RECALL button, press the EJECT button on the remote
cassette tape player. Release both buttons when the radio
displays ---, indicating that the CLN indicator has
been reset.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten
by hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.
3-78
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-7
4-7
4-10
4-12
4-13
4-14
4-15
Your Driving, the Road and Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Off-Road Driving with Your
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicle
4-30
4-32
4-35
4-36
4-37
4-38
4-38
4-40
4-43
4-47
4-50
Driving at Night
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Driver behavior, the driving environment, and the
vehicle’s design all affect how well a vehicle performs.
But statistics show that the most important factor, by far,
is how we drive. Knowing how these three factors work
together can help you understand how your vehicle
handles and what you can do to avoid many types of
crashes, including a rollover crash.
Driver Behavior
Your Driving, the Road and
Your Vehicle
Whenever we drive, we’re taking on an important
responsibility. This is true for any motor
vehicle -- passenger car, van, truck or sport utility.
4-2
The single most important thing is this: everyone in the
vehicle, including the driver, should buckle up. See
“Safety Belts” in the Index. In fact, most serious injuries
and fatalities to unbelted occupants can be reduced or
prevented by the use of safety belts. In a rollover crash,
an unbelted person is significantly more likely to die
than a person wearing a seat belt. In addition, avoiding
excessive speed, sudden or abrupt turns and drunken or
aggressive driving can help make trips safer and avoid
the possibility of a crash, especially a rollover crash.
This section provides many useful tips to help you drive
more safely.
Driving Environment
You can also help avoid a rollover or other type of crash
by being prepared for driving in inclement weather, at
night, or during other times where visibility or traction
may be limited (such as on curves, slippery roads or
hilly terrain). Unfamiliar surroundings can also have
hidden hazards. To help you learn more about driving in
different conditions, this section contains information
about city, freeway, and off-road driving, as well as
other hints for driving in various weather conditions.
Vehicle Design
According to the U.S. Department of Transportation,
utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate
than other types of vehicles. Utility vehicles do have a
higher ground clearance and a narrower track or shorter
wheelbase than passenger cars to make them more
capable for off-road driving. Specific design
characteristics like these give the driver a better view of
the road, but also give utility vehicles a higher center of
gravity than other types of vehicles. This means that you
shouldn’t expect a utility vehicle to handle the same way
a vehicle with a lower center of gravity, like a car, would
in similar situations.
But driver behavior factors are far more often the cause
of a utility vehicle rollover than are environmental or
vehicle factors. Safe driver behavior and understanding
the environment in which you’ll be driving can help
avoid a rollover crash in any type of vehicle, including
utility vehicles.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
4-3
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task -- such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call,
reading, or reaching for something on the floor -- makes
proper defensive driving more difficult and can even
cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to
help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe place
to do them yourself. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Drunken Driving
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
4-4
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
4-5
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
4-6
CAUTION:
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
4-7
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
4-8
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here’s what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-9
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Steering Tips
Using Anti-Lock
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the
brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise, but this
is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
4-10
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed.
While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
4-11
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
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Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Off-Road Driving with Your
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicle
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have
four-wheel drive.
Also, see “Anti-Lock Brakes” in the Index.
If your vehicle doesn’t have four-wheel drive, you
shouldn’t drive off-road unless you’re on a level,
solid surface.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does
have some definite hazards. The greatest of these
is the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you’ve left the great North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes aren’t
marked. Curves aren’t banked. There are no road signs.
Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill. In
short, you’ve gone right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that’s
why it’s very important that you read this guide. You’ll
find many driving tips and suggestions. These will help
make your off-road driving safer and more enjoyable.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
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Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out.
For example, be sure to have all necessary maintenance
and service work done. Check to make sure all
underbody shields (if so equipped) are properly
attached. Be sure you read all the information about
your four-wheel-drive vehicle in this manual. Is there
enough fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the
fluid levels up where they should be? What are the local
laws that apply to off-roading where you’ll be driving?
If you don’t know, you should check with law
enforcement people in the area. Will you be on
someone’s private land? If so, be sure to get the
necessary permission.
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving
There are some important things to remember about
how to load your vehicle.
D The heaviest things should be on the load floor and
forward of your rear axle. Put heavier items as far
forward as you can.
D Be sure the load is secured properly, so driving on
the off-road terrain doesn’t toss things around.
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CAUTION:
D Cargo on the load floor piled higher than
D
D
the seatbacks can be thrown forward
during a sudden stop. You or your
passengers could be injured. Keep cargo
below the top of the seatbacks.
Unsecured cargo on the load floor can be
tossed about when driving over rough
terrain. You or your passengers can be
struck by flying objects. Secure the
cargo properly.
Heavy loads on the roof raise the vehicle’s
center of gravity, making it more likely to
roll over. You can be seriously or fatally
injured if the vehicle rolls over. Put heavy
loads inside the cargo area, not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area as far forward
and low as possible.
You’ll find other important information in this manual.
See “Vehicle Loading,” “Luggage Carrier” and “Tires”
in the Index.
Environmental Concerns
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and satisfying
recreation. However, it also raises environmental
concerns. GM recognizes these concerns and urges
every off-roader to follow these basic rules for
protecting the environment:
D Always use established trails, roads and areas that
have been specially set aside for public off-road
recreational driving; obey all posted regulations.
D Avoid any driving practice that could damage the
environment -- shrubs, flowers, trees, grasses -- or
disturb wildlife (this includes wheel-spinning,
breaking down trees or unnecessary driving through
streams or over soft ground).
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going
to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan your route.
You are much less likely to get bad surprises. Get
accurate maps of trails and terrain. Try to learn of any
blocked or closed roads.
It’s also a good idea to travel with at least one other
vehicle. If something happens to one of them, the other
can help quickly.
Does your vehicle have a winch? If so, be sure to read
the winch instructions. In a remote area, a winch can be
handy if you get stuck. But you’ll want to know how to
use it properly.
D Always carry a litter bag . . . make sure all refuse is
removed from any campsite before leaving.
D Take extreme care with open fires (where permitted),
camp stoves and lanterns.
D Never park your vehicle over dry grass or other
combustible materials that could catch fire from the
heat of the vehicle’s exhaust system.
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Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It’s a good idea to practice in an area that’s safe and
close to home before you go into the wilderness.
Off-road driving does require some new and different
driving skills. Here’s what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your
eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep the terrain
for unexpected obstacles. Your ears need to listen for
unusual tire or engine sounds. With your arms, hands,
feet and body, you’ll need to respond to vibrations and
vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful
off-road driving. One of the best ways to control your
vehicle is to control your speed. Here are some things to
keep in mind. At higher speeds:
D you approach things faster and you have less time to
scan the terrain for obstacles.
D you have less time to react.
D you have more vehicle bounce when you drive
over obstacles.
D you’ll need more distance for braking, especially
since you’re on an unpaved surface.
CAUTION:
When you’re driving off-road, bouncing and
quick changes in direction can easily throw you
out of position. This could cause you to lose
control and crash. So, whether you’re driving on
or off the road, you and your passengers should
wear safety belts.
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Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different kinds
of terrain. You need to be familiar with the terrain and its
many different features. Here are some things to consider.
Surface Conditions. Off-roading can take you over
hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand, mud,
snow or ice. Each of these surfaces affects the steering,
acceleration and braking of your vehicle in different
ways. Depending upon the kind of surface you are
on, you may experience slipping, sliding, wheel
spinning, delayed acceleration, poor traction and
longer braking distances.
Surface Obstacles. Unseen or hidden obstacles can
be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut or bump can startle
you if you’re not prepared for them. Often these
obstacles are hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even
the rise and fall of the terrain itself. Here are some
things to consider:
D Is the path ahead clear?
D Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
D Does the travel take you uphill or downhill? (There’s
more discussion of these subjects later.)
D Will you have to stop suddenly or change
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain, keep a
firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts, troughs or other
surface features can jerk the wheel out of your hands if
you’re not prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other obstacles,
your wheels can leave the ground. If this happens, even
with one or two wheels, you can’t control the vehicle as
well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it’s
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind of
alertness from driving on paved roads and highways.
There are no road signs, posted speed limits or signal
lights. You have to use your own good judgment about
what is safe and what isn’t.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on any
road. And this is certainly true for off-road driving.
At the very time you need special alertness and driving
skills, your reflexes, perceptions and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You could
have a serious -- or even fatal -- accident if you drink
and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See “Drunken Driving” in the Index.
direction quickly?
4-19
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down or across a
hill. Driving safely on hills requires good judgment and
an understanding of what your vehicle can and can’t do.
There are some hills that simply can’t be driven, no
matter how well built the vehicle.
On a large hill, the incline may get steeper as you near
the top, but you may not see this because the crest of the
hill is hidden by bushes, grass or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as you approach
a hill.
D Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get sharply
steeper in places?
CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any vehicle.
If you drive up them, you will stall. If you drive
down them, you can’t control your speed. If you
drive across them, you will roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any doubt
about the steepness, don’t drive the hill.
Approaching a Hill
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it’s one
of those hills that’s just too steep to climb, descend or
cross. Steepness can be hard to judge. On a very small
hill, for example, there may be a smooth, constant
incline with only a small change in elevation where you
can easily see all the way to the top.
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D Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the
surface cause tire slipping?
D Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you
won’t have to make turning maneuvers?
D Are there obstructions on the hill that can block your
path (boulders, trees, logs or ruts)?
D What’s beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and
walk the hill if you don’t know. It’s the smart way
to find out.
D Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often have
ruts, gullies, troughs and exposed rocks because they
are more susceptible to the effects of erosion.
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill, you
need to take some special steps.
D Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the
steering wheel.
D Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain
your speed. Don’t use more power than you need,
because you don’t want your wheels to start spinning
or sliding.
D Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to find
another route.
CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can be
dangerous. You could lose traction, slide
sideways, and possibly roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. When driving up hills,
always try to go straight up.
D Ease up on your speed as you approach the top of
the hill.
D Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more visible
to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
D Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill to
let opposing traffic know you’re there.
D Use your headlamps even during the day. They make
you more visible to oncoming traffic.
CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full speed can
cause an accident. There could be a drop-off,
embankment, cliff, or even another vehicle. You
could be seriously injured or killed. As you near
the top of a hill, slow down and stay alert.
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Q:
A:
What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or is about
to stall, and I can’t make it up the hill?
If this happens, there are some things you should
do, and there are some things you must not do.
First, here’s what you should do:
D Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and keep
it from rolling backwards. Also, apply the
parking brake.
D If your engine is still running, shift the transmission
to REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back down the hill in REVERSE (R).
D If your engine has stopped running, you’ll need to
restart it. With the brake pedal pressed and the
parking brake still applied, shift the transmission to
PARK (P) (or, shift to neutral if your vehicle has a
manual transmission) and restart the engine. Then,
shift to REVERSE (R), release the parking brake,
and slowly back down the hill as straight as possible
in REVERSE (R).
D As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand
on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock position. This
way, you’ll be able to tell if your wheels are straight
and maneuver as you back down. It’s best that you
back down the hill with your wheels straight rather
than in the left or right direction. Turning the wheel
too far to the left or right will increase the possibility
of a rollover.
Here are some things you must not do if you stall, or are
about to stall, when going up a hill.
D Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into
NEUTRAL (N) (or pressing the clutch, if you have a
manual transmission) to “rev-up” the engine and
regain forward momentum. This won’t work. Your
vehicle will roll backwards very quickly and you
could go out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the vehicle. Then
apply the parking brake. Shift to REVERSE (R), release
the parking brake, and slowly back straight down.
D Never attempt to turn around if you are about to stall
when going up a hill. If the hill is steep enough to
stall your vehicle, it’s steep enough to cause you to
roll over if you turn around. If you can’t make it up
the hill, you must back straight down the hill.
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Q:
A:
Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down
the hill and decide I just can’t do it.
What should I do?
Set the parking brake, put your transmission in
PARK (P) (or the manual transmission in
FIRST (1)) and turn off the engine. Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the uphill
side and stay clear of the path the vehicle would
take if it rolled downhill. Do not shift the transfer
case to NEUTRAL when you leave the vehicle.
Leave it in some gear.
CAUTION:
Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can
cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission
is in PARK (P) (or, if you have the manual
transmission, even if you’re in gear). This is
because the NEUTRAL position on the transfer
case overrides the transmission. You or someone
else could be injured. If you are going to leave
your vehicle, set the parking brake and shift the
transmission to PARK (P) (or, put your manual
transmission in FIRST (1)). But do not shift the
transfer case to NEUTRAL. Leave the transfer
case in a drive gear.
4-23
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you’ll want to
CAUTION:
consider a number of things:
D How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain
vehicle control?
D What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery?
Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
D Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts?
Logs? Boulders?
D What’s at the bottom of the hill? Is there a hidden
creek bank or even a river bottom with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then try to
keep your vehicle headed straight down, and use a low
gear. This way, engine drag can help your brakes and
they won’t have to do all the work. Descend slowly,
keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
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Heavy braking when going down a hill can cause
your brakes to overheat and fade. This could
cause loss of control and a serious accident.
Apply the brakes lightly when descending a
hill and use a low gear to keep vehicle speed
under control.
Q:
Are there some things I should not do when
driving down a hill?
A:
Q:
A:
Yes! These are important because if you
ignore them you could lose control and have a
serious accident.
D Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes.
D When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you
across the incline of the hill. A hill that’s not too
steep to drive down may be too steep to drive across.
You could roll over if you don’t drive straight down.
D Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), or with the clutch pedal pressed
down in a manual shift. This is called
“free-wheeling.” Your brakes will have to do
all the work and could overheat and fade.
Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
It’s much more likely to happen going uphill. But if
it happens going downhill, here’s what to do.
Apply the parking brake.
D Shift to PARK (P) (or to neutral with the manual
transmission) and, while still braking, restart
the engine.
D Shift back to a low gear, release the parking brake,
and drive straight down.
D If the engine won’t start, get out and get help.
4-25
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go across
the incline of a hill. If this happens, you have to decide
whether to try to drive across the incline. Here are some
things to consider:
D A hill that can be driven straight up or down may
be too steep to drive across. When you go straight
up or down a hill, the length of the wheel base (the
distance from the front wheels to the rear wheels)
reduces the likelihood the vehicle will tumble end
over end. But when you drive across an incline, the
much more narrow track width (the distance between
the left and right wheels) may not prevent the vehicle
from tilting and rolling over. Also, driving across an
incline puts more weight on the downhill wheels.
This could cause a downhill slide or a rollover.
D Surface conditions can be a problem when you drive
across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots, or even wet
grass can cause your tires to slip sideways, downhill.
If the vehicle slips sideways, it can hit something
that will trip it (a rock, a rut, etc.) and roll over.
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D Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of the
incline even worse. If you drive across a rock with
the uphill wheels, or if the downhill wheels drop into
a rut or depression, your vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide carefully
whether to try to drive across an incline. Just because
the trail goes across the incline doesn’t mean you
have to drive it. The last vehicle to try it might have
rolled over.
CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that’s too steep will
make your vehicle roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any doubt
about the steepness of the incline, don’t drive
across it. Find another route instead.
Q:
What if I’m driving across an incline that’s not
too steep, but I hit some loose gravel and start to
slide downhill. What should I do?
A:
If you feel your vehicle starting to slide sideways,
turn downhill. This should help straighten out the
vehicle and prevent the side slipping. However, a
much better way to prevent this is to get out and
“walk the course” so you know what the surface is
like before you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you’re crossing an incline, be
sure you (and your passengers) get out on the uphill
side, even if the door there is harder to open. If you get
out on the downhill side and the vehicle starts to roll
over, you’ll be right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the path
the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a vehicle
stopped across an incline is dangerous. If the
vehicle rolls over, you could be crushed or killed.
Always get out on the uphill (high) side of the
vehicle and stay well clear of the rollover path.
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Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow or sand, your wheels
won’t get good traction. You can’t accelerate as
quickly, turning is more difficult, and you’ll need longer
braking distances.
It’s best to use a low gear when you’re in mud -- the
deeper the mud, the lower the gear. In really deep mud,
the idea is to keep your vehicle moving so you don’t
get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you’ll sense a change in wheel
traction. But it will depend upon how loosely packed the
sand is. On loosely packed sand (as on beaches or sand
dunes) your tires will tend to sink into the sand. This has
an effect on steering, accelerating and braking. You may
want to reduce the air pressure in your tires slightly
when driving on sand. This will improve traction.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction.
On these surfaces, it’s very easy to lose control. On wet
ice, for example, the traction is so poor that you will
have difficulty accelerating. And if you do get moving,
poor steering and difficult braking can cause you to slide
out of control.
4-28
CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds or rivers can be
dangerous. Underwater springs, currents under
the ice, or sudden thaws can weaken the ice. Your
vehicle could fall through the ice and you and
your passengers could drown. Drive your vehicle
on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
Light rain causes no special off-road driving problems.
But heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood
waters demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive through
it. If it’s deep enough to cover your wheel hubs, axles or
exhaust pipe, don’t try it -- you probably won’t get
through. Also, water that deep can damage your axle
and other vehicle parts.
If the water isn’t too deep, then drive through it slowly.
At fast speeds, water splashes on your ignition system
and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can also occur if
you get your tailpipe under water. And, as long as
your tailpipe is under water, you’ll never be able to start
your engine. When you go through water, remember
that when your brakes get wet, it may take you longer
to stop.
CAUTION:
Driving through rushing water can be dangerous.
Deep water can sweep your vehicle downstream
and you and your passengers could drown. If it’s
only shallow water, it can still wash away the
ground from under your tires, and you could lose
traction and roll the vehicle over. Don’t drive
through rushing water.
After Off-Road Driving
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on the
underbody, chassis or under the hood. These
accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake linings
cleaned and checked. These substances can cause
glazing and uneven braking. Check the body structure,
steering, suspension, wheels, tires and exhaust system
for damage. Also, check the fuel lines and cooling
system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to
off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule for
additional information.
See “Driving Through Water” in the Index for more
information on driving through water.
4-29
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Except Vehicles with Electrochromic Day/Night
Inside Rearview Mirror: Adjust your inside
rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlamps
behind you.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-30
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-31
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate
from the inserts.
4-32
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
4-33
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be
carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and the other vehicle occupants
could drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs,
and otherwise be very cautious about trying to
drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. See “Tires”
in the Index.
4-34
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that
have not cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-35
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
4-36
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They’ll be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
recommended pressure?
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-37
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at
the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness,
or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-38
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable. See “Off-Road
Driving” in the Index for information about
driving off-road.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going down
a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine
running and your vehicle in gear when you
go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-39
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and
reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving
under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help
provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these
items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
4-40
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and
polish the surface under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-41
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-42
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle -- such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly
towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on
the ground and two wheels up on a device known
as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
4-43
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
D What’s the towing capacity of the towing
Dinghy Towing (Two-Wheel Drive
Models Only)
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
D How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
D Do you have the proper towing equipment? See your
dealer or trailering professional for additional advice
and equipment recommendations.
D Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would
prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll want to
make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed. See
“Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in the Index.
Your vehicle should not be towed with all four wheels
on the ground. Your transmission has no provision for
internal lubrication while being towed. To properly tow
your vehicle, it should be placed on a platform trailer
with all four wheels off the ground. Towing with all four
wheels on the ground should be avoided.
4-44
In rare cases when it’s unavoidable and your vehicle
must be towed with all four wheels on the ground, the
propeller shaft to axle yoke orientation should be
marked and the propeller shaft removed following the
applicable service manual removal/installation
procedure. See “Service and Owner Publications” in
the Index.
Be sure to use the proper towing equipment designed for
recreational vehicle towing. Follow the instructions for
the towing equipment.
Dust or dirt can enter the back of the transmission
through the opening created by removing the propeller
shaft if proper protection is not provided. Also, check
the transmission fluid level before driving the vehicle.
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle’s transfer
case into NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to
roll even if the transmission is in Park (P), for an
automatic transmission, or if your vehicle is in
gear, for a manual transmission. You or others
could be injured. Make sure the parking brake
is firmly set before you shift the transfer case
to NEUTRAL.
When towing your vehicle, turn the ignition to OFF.
To prevent your battery from draining while towing,
remove the RDO BATT and CLSTR fuses from the
instrument panel fuse block. Be sure to replace the fuse
when you reach your destination. See “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index.
CAUTION:
If your vehicle has four-wheel-drive it cannot be dinghy
towed. A four-wheel-drive vehicle must be towed
by flatbed.
4-45
Dolly Towing (Two-Wheel Drive
Models Only)
In rare cases when it’s unavoidable and your vehicle
must be towed with all four wheels on the ground, the
propeller shaft to axle yoke orientation should be
marked and the propeller shaft removed following the
applicable service manual removal/installation
procedure. See “Service and Owner Publications” in
the Index.
Dust or dirt can enter the back of the transmission
through the opening created by removing the propeller
shaft if proper protection is not provided. Also, check
the transmission fluid level before driving the vehicle.
Use the following steps to dolly tow your vehicle:
Your vehicle should not be towed with all four wheels
on the ground. Your transmission has no provision for
internal lubrication while being towed. To properly tow
your vehicle, it should be placed on a platform trailer
with all four wheels off the ground. Towing with all
four wheels on the ground should be avoided.
4-46
D
D
D
D
D
Put the front wheels on a dolly.
Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
Disconnect the propshaft as described above.
Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position
with a clamping device designed for towing.
D Release the parking brake.
Be sure to use the proper towing equipment designed for
recreational vehicle towing. Follow the instructions for
the towing equipment.
Loading Your Vehicle
CAUTION:
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle’s transfer
case into NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to
roll even if the transmission is in PARK (P), for
an automatic transmission, or if your vehicle is in
gear, for a manual transmission. You or others
could be injured. Make sure the parking brake
is firmly set before you shift the transfer case
into NEUTRAL.
If your vehicle has four-wheel-drive it cannot be dolly
towed. A four-wheel-drive vehicle must be towed
by flatbed.
The Certification/Tire label is found on the driver’s door
edge, above the door latch. The label shows the size of
your original tires and the inflation pressures needed to
obtain the gross weight capacity of your vehicle. This is
called the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The
GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all occupants,
fuel, cargo and trailer tongue weight, if pulling a trailer.
4-47
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads on
your front and rear axles, you need to go to a weigh
station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help
you with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on
both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Similar appearing vehicles may have different GVWRs
and payloads. Please note your vehicle’s Certification/Tire
label or consult your dealer for additional details.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
4-48
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask
your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
Payload
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
D Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
D Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
There’s also important loading information for off-road
driving in this manual. See “Loading Your Vehicle for
Off-Road Driving” in the Index.
The payload capacity is shown on the Certification/Tire
label. This is the maximum load capacity that your
vehicle can carry. Be sure to include the weight of the
occupants as part of your load. If you added any
accessories or equipment after your vehicle left the
factory, remember to subtract the weight of these things
from the payload. Your dealer can help you with this.
Add-On Equipment
When you carry removable items, you may need to put a
limit on how many people you carry inside your vehicle.
Be sure to weigh your vehicle before you buy and install
the new equipment.
NOTICE:
Your warranty doesn’t cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
4-49
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not work well -- or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your dealer for
NOTICE: (Continued)
4-50
NOTICE: (Continued)
important information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle. Additional rear axle
maintenance is required for a vehicle used to tow
a trailer. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
in the Index.
To identify what the vehicle trailering capacity is for
your vehicle, you should read the information in
“Weight of the Trailer” that appears later in this section.
If yours was built with trailering options, as many are,
it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment, and
it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 3,500 lbs. (1 589 kg) or less. You should
always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh
more than 3,500 lbs. (1 589 kg). You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
D If you have an automatic transmission, you can use
THIRD (3) (or, as you need to, a lower gear) when
towing a trailer. Operating your vehicle in
THIRD (3) when towing a trailer will minimize heat
buildup and extend the life of your transmission.
Tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the
transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower
gear selection if the transmission shifts too often
(e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly conditions). If
you have a manual transmission and you are towing
a trailer, it’s better not to use the highest gear.
See “Tow/Haul Mode” in the Index.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
4-51
Tow/Haul Mode (V6 Engine, Automatic
Transmission Equipped Models) (If Equipped)
The tow/haul mode is a feature that assists when pulling
a heavy trailer. The purpose of the tow/haul mode is:
D Reduce the frequency of shifts when pulling a
heavy trailer,
D provide the same shift feel when pulling a heavy
trailer as when the vehicle is unloaded, and
D reduce the need to change throttle position when
pulling a heavy trailer.
This feature is turned on or off by pressing a button
on the floor console or the shift knob. When the feature
is on, a light located on the instrument panel cluster
will illuminate to indicate that the tow/haul mode has
been selected.
See “Tow/Haul Mode Light” in the Index. The tow/haul
mode is automatically turned off each time the vehicle
is started.
4-52
The tow/haul mode is most effective when the vehicle
and trailer combined weight is at least 75% of the Gross
Combination Weight Rating (GCWR).
The tow/haul mode for hauling a heavy trailer is most
useful under the following conditions:
D When driving through hilly terrain at speeds below
55 mph (88 km/h),
D when driving in low speed or stop and go traffic
below 55 mph (88 km/h), and
D when driving in parking lots.
Operating in the tow/haul mode when not pulling a
heavy trailer will not cause damage to the vehicle, but
you may experience reduced fuel economy and
undesirable performance from the engine and
transmission. The tow/haul mode should be used only
when pulling a heavy trailer.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how
much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any special equipment that you
have on your vehicle.
The following chart shows how much your trailer can weigh, based upon your vehicle model and options.
Vehicle
Axle Ratio Max. Trailer Wt.
*GCWR
Two-Wheel Drive, Two Door Auto. Trans. . . . .
3.42
5,700 lbs. (2 587 kg)
9,500 lbs. (4 313 kg)
Two-Wheel Drive, Two Door Xtreme Blazer
Auto Trans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.42
2,000 lbs. (907 kg)
6,500 lbs. (2 951 kg)
Two-Wheel Drive, Two Door Manual Trans. . .
3.42
4,200 lbs. (1 906 kg)
8,000 lbs. (3 632 kg)
Two-Wheel Drive, Two-Door Xtreme Blazer
Manual Trans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.42
2,000 lbs. (908 kg)
6,500 lbs. (2 951 kg)
Two-Wheel Drive, Four Door Auto. Trans. . . . .
3.42
5,500 lbs. (2 497 kg)
9,500 lbs. (4 313 kg)
Four-Wheel Drive, Two Door Auto. Trans. . . . .
3.42
3.73
5,400 lbs. (2 451 kg)
5,400 lbs. (2 451 kg)
9,500 lbs. (4 313 kg)
9,500 lbs. (4 313 kg)
4-53
Vehicle
Axle Ratio Max. Trailer Wt.
*GCWR
Four-Wheel Drive, Two Door Manual Trans. . .
3.42
3,900 lbs. (1 770 kg)
8,000 lbs. (3 632 kg)
ZR2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.73
4,600 lbs. (2 087 kg)
9,000 lbs. (4 086 kg)
Auto. Trans., Manual Trans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.73
4,100 lbs. (1 860 kg)
8,000 lbs. (3 632 kg)
Four-Wheel Drive, Four Door Auto. Trans. . . . .
3.42
3.73
5,100 lbs. (2 313 kg)
5,100 lbs. (2 313 kg)
9,500 lbs. (4 313 kg)
9,500 lbs. (4 313 kg)
Four-Wheel Drive, Four Door Manual Trans. . .
3.42
3,600 lbs. (1 633 kg)
8,000 lbs. (3 632 kg)
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming the
driver and one passenger are in the tow vehicle and it
has all the required trailering equipment. The weight of
additional optional equipment, passengers and cargo in
the tow vehicle must be subtracted from the maximum
trailer weight. The weight of the trailer tongue also
affects the maximum trailer weight. See “Weight of the
Trailer Tongue” later in this section.
4-54
* The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the
total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle
and trailer including any passengers, cargo, equipment
and conversions. The GCWR for your vehicle should
not be exceeded.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at the address listed in your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you
must add the tongue load to the GVW because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue weight (A)
should be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). Do not exceed the maximum
allowable tongue weight for your vehicle.
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
4-55
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Hitches
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification label at the rear edge of the driver’s door or
see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be sure you don’t
go over the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the
weight of the trailer tongue.
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
D If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 3,500 lbs. (1 589 kg), be sure to use
a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index. Dirt and water can, too.
4-56
Safety Chains
Trailer Brakes
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from contacting
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
attaching safety chains and do not attach them to the
bumper. Always leave just enough slack so you can
turn with your rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on
the ground.
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Your trailer’s brake system can tap into the vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system only if:
D The trailer parts can withstand 3,000 psi
(20 650 kPa) of pressure.
D The trailer’s brake system will use less than
0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from your vehicle’s
master cylinder. Otherwise, both braking systems
won’t work well. You could even lose your brakes.
If everything checks out this far, then make the brake
fluid tap at the port on the master cylinder that sends
fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use copper tubing for
this. If you do, it will bend and finally break off. Use
steel brake tubing.
4-57
Driving with a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide
(CO) could come into your vehicle. You can’t see
or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness or
death. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index. To
maximize your safety when towing a trailer:
D Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
D Keep the rear-most windows closed.
D If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main heating
or cooling system on and with the fan on
any speed. This will bring fresh, outside air
into your vehicle. Do not use MAX A/C or
RECIRCULATION because it only
recirculates the air inside your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
4-58
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t
strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
4-59
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra
wiring and a heavy-duty turn signal flasher (included in
the optional trailering package).
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
4-60
If you have an automatic transmission, you can tow in
DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the transmission to
THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often (e.g., under heavy loads
and/or hilly conditions). Or, if you have a manual
transmission and you are towing a trailer, it’s better not
to use FIFTH (5) gear. Just drive in FOURTH (4) gear
(or, as you need to, a lower gear). See “Tow/Haul
Mode” in the Index.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades,
consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a
lower temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn
your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let the
engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) (or the
manual transmission out of gear and the parking brake
applied) for a few minutes before turning the engine off.
If you do get the overheat warning, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet, or into gear for a manual
transmission. Then turn your wheels into the curb if
facing downhill or into traffic if facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift into PARK (P), or
REVERSE (R) for a manual transmission.
5. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with an
automatic transfer case, be sure the transfer case is in
a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL.
6. Release the regular brakes.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow.
Always put the shift lever fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set.
If the transfer case on four-wheel drive vehicles is
in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will be free to roll,
even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be
sure the transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in
NEUTRAL. See “Four-Wheel Drive (Automatic
Transfer Case)” in the Index.
4-61
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D start your engine,
D shift into a gear, and
D release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
4-62
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for
more on this. Things that are especially important in
trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid
(don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling
system and brake system. Each of these is covered in
this manual, and the Index will help you find them
quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review
these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Trailer Wiring Harness
The light-duty trailer wiring is a six-wire harness
assembly. The optional heavy-duty trailer wiring is an
eight-wire harness assembly. The harnesses are stored
under the vehicle, along the passenger-side frame
crossmember on two-door vehicles or on the driver’s
side corner frame rear crossmember on four-door
vehicles. The heavy-duty trailer wiring is fused in the
engine compartment fuse block. See “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index. Both harnesses have
no connector and should be wired by a qualified
electrical technician. The technician can use the
following color code chart when connecting the wiring
harness to your trailer.
D Dark Blue: Use for electric trailer brakes or auxiliary
wiring (eight-wire harness only).
D Red: Use for battery charging; it connects to the
starter solenoid (eight-wire harness only).
D Light Green: Back-up lamps.
D Brown: Taillamps and parking lamps.
D Yellow: Driver’s side stoplamp and turn signal.
D Dark Green: Passenger’s side stoplamp and
turn signal.
D White: Ground wire.
D Light Blue: Auxiliary stoplamp.
Securely attach the harness to the trailer, then tape or
strap it to your vehicle’s frame rail. Be sure you leave it
loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break, but
not so loose that it drags on the ground. Store the
harness in its original place. Wrap the harness together
and tie it neatly so it won’t be damaged.
4-63
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-8
5-8
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-10
5-18
5-18
5-19
5-34
5-35
Cooling System
Engine Fan Noise
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning flasher
button is located on the top
of the steering column.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to turn the
flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work. The flashers will stop if you step on
the brake.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
5-2
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to the follow the steps below to do
it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear
or light yellow. Replace the battery when there
is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
5-3
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake. If
you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the
transfer case is not in NEUTRAL (N).
5-4
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlets. Turn off the
radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminal locations on
each vehicle. See “Engine Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more information on location of
the battery.
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
(or batteries) installed in every new GM vehicle.
But if a battery has filler caps, be sure the right
amount of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to
take care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and maybe
other parts too. And don’t connect the negative (-)
cable to the negative (-) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
5-5
5-6
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal of
the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to the
negative (-) terminal of
the good battery. Use a
remote negative (-)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part, or to a remote negative (-)
terminal on the vehicle with the dead battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (-) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there, and the chance of
sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
NOTICE:
Damage to your vehicle may result from
electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take
care that they don’t touch each other or any
other metal. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-7
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
“Roadside Assistance” in the Index. If you want to tow
your vehicle behind another vehicle for recreational
purposes (such as behind a motorhome), see
“Recreational Vehicle Towing” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. See “Gages” in the Index.
5-8
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
NOTICE:
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer. See “Driving on Grades” in the Index.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner and it’s on, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- DRIVE (D) or THIRD (3) for
automatic transmissions, FIFTH (5) gear for
manual transmissions.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-9
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for three
minutes while you’re parked. push down the accelerator
until the engine speed is about twice as fast as normal
idle speed for at least three minutes while you’re parked.
If you still have the warning, turn off the engine and get
everyone out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Radiator Pressure Cap
C. Engine Cooling Fan
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
5-10
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
least up to the ADD mark. If it isn’t, you may have a
leak at the pressure cap or in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again.
The engine cooling fan speed should increase when idle
speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal
down. If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off
the engine.
5-11
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
5-12
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the ADD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOLR engine coolant at the
coolant recovery tank. See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for more information.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
ADD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
5-13
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come out
at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
5-14
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it first
stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-15
3. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck. See
“Engine Coolant” in the Index for more information
about the proper coolant mixture.
5-16
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to ADD mark.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fan.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOLR coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrow on the pressure cap lines up like this.
5-17
Engine Fan Noise
If a Tire Goes Flat
This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. When
the clutch is engaged, the fan spins faster to provide
more air to cool the engine. In most everyday driving
conditions, the clutch is not engaged. This improves
fuel economy and reduces fan noise. Under heavy
vehicle loading, trailer towing and/or high outside
temperatures, the fan speed increases when the clutch
engages. So you may hear an increase in fan noise.
This is normal and should not be mistaken as the
transmission slipping or making extra shifts. It is merely
the cooling system functioning properly. The fan will
slow down when additional cooling is not required and
the clutch disengages.
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
You may also hear this fan noise when you start the
engine. It will go away as the fan clutch disengages.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-18
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
CAUTION: (Continued)
4. Turn off the engine.
5. Put the wheel blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the
one being changed. That would be the
tire on the other side of the vehicle, at
the opposite end.
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic transmission
shift lever in PARK (P) or shift a
manual transmission to FIRST (1)
or REVERSE (R).
3. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle,
be sure the transfer case is in a drive
gear -- not in NEUTRAL.
CAUTION: (Continued)
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-19
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The jacking equipment you’ll need is stored along the
driver’s side inner rear quarter panel. In some cases, you
may have to remove the spare tire in order to reach the
jack. Your vehicle is also equipped with work gloves
and a plastic ground mat to assist in the changing of a
flat tire.
The following instructions explain how to remove the
spare tire, depending on where it is mounted on your
vehicle. See “Spare Tire” or “Compact Spare Tire” later
in this section for more information about the spare.
1. To remove your jack
cover, pull up on the
latch(es) on the cover.
Remove the wheel
blocks, jack and
wheel wrench.
5-20
NOTICE:
Never remove or restow a tire from/to a stowage
position under the vehicle while the vehicle is
supported by a jack. Always tighten the tire
fully against the underside of the vehicle
when restowing.
2. To remove the
underbody-mounted
spare, insert the chisel
end of the wheel
wrench, on an angle,
into the hoist shaft hole
in the rear bumper. Be
sure the chisel end of the
wheel wrench connects
into the hoist shaft.
3. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to lower
the spare tire. Keep turning the wheel wrench until
the spare tire has been completely lowered. Tilt the
retainer at the end of the cable and pull it through
the wheel opening. Pull the tire out from under
the vehicle.
The locking wheel nut
can be removed by
snapping the rubber
weather cover off the
face of the lock case.
NOTICE:
To help avoid vehicle damage, do not drive the
vehicle before the cable is properly stored.
If you have an inside-mounted spare tire, the
tire must be removed in order to have access to the
jack storage.
To remove an inside-mounted spare tire, reach into
your tire’s cover and unscrew the wing nut at the
center of the wheel. Remove it and the retainer.
Unhook the tire from the mounting bracket and
remove the cover.
To remove a rear-mounted spare tire, first make sure
that the carrier arm is fully-latched to the endgate.
Then remove the spare tire cover.
5-21
Insert the key and pull
the lock case straight
off. It is not necessary
to turn the key.
Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B). Your vehicle may also have an optional hub
cap removal tool.
5-22
Removing the Wheel Cover
Position the chisel end of your wheel wrench, or the hub
cap removal tool (if equipped), in the notch of the hub
cap and pry off the hub cap.
Some of the molded plastic hub caps have imitation
wheel nuts molded into them. The wheel wrench won’t
fit these imitation nuts, so don’t try to remove them with
the socket end of the wheel wrench.
If you have individual wheel nut caps that cover each
nut, they must be removed in order to get to the wheel
nuts. Use the socket end of the wheel wrench to remove
the wheel nut caps.
Your wheel nut caps may attach your hub cap to the
wheel. Remove these wheel nut caps before you take off
the hub cap.
5-23
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
A. Front Frame Hole
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
2. Turn the jack handle clockwise to raise the jack
lift head.
3. Fit the jack into the appropriate hole nearest the
flat tire.
5-24
B. Rear Frame Hole (2-Door) or Spring Hanger
Hole (4-Door)
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack
lift head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
4. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough room for the spare
tire to fit underneath the wheel well.
5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-25
6. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
5-26
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Put the nuts on by
hand. Make sure
the rounded end is
toward the wheel.
7. Place the spare on the wheel mounting surface.
Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub. If a nut can’t be turned by hand,
use the wheel wrench and see your dealer as soon
as possible.
5-27
10. Use the wrench to
tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
9. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-28
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and
have the nuts tightened with a torque wrench
to 100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
5-29
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
Follow this
diagram to
store the
underbody-mounted
spare.
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
NOTICE:
An aluminum wheel with a flat tire should always
be stored under the vehicle with the hoist.
However, storing it that way for an extended
period could damage the wheel. To avoid this,
have the wheel repaired as soon as possible.
5-30
A. Retainer
B. Valve Stem
(Pointed Down)
C. Spare or Flat Tire
D. Spring
E.
F.
G.
H.
Wheel Wrench
Lower
Raise
Hoist Arm
1. Put the tire on the ground at the rear of the vehicle,
with the valve stem pointed down and to the rear.
2. Pull the retainer through the wheel.
3. Put the chisel end of the wheel wrench, on an angle,
through the hole in the rear bumper and into the
hoist shaft.
4. Raise the tire fully against the underside of the
vehicle. Continue turning the wheel wrench until the
tire is secure and the cable is tight. The spare tire
hoist cannot be overtightened.
5. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push, pull, and
then try to rotate or turn the tire. If the tire moves,
use the wheel wrench to tighten the cable.
5-31
Follow this diagram for the inside-mounted spare.
Follow this diagram for the rear-mounted spare.
A. Spare or Flat Tire
A. Wheel Carrier
B. Retainer
B. Spare or Flat Tire
C. Nut
C. Wheel Nut and Locking Nut Cylinder
D. Wheel Carrier
E. Hook
5-32
6. Reinstall the locking wheel nut using the wheel
wrench. Then push the lock case onto the lug nut
until it stops. The key does not have to be inserted
into the lock. Push the lock case to be sure it is
secured. The special lug nut and lock case is not
intended to be used on any road wheel, only on the
spare wheel carrier. Tighten the nuts on the wheel
carrier to 22 to 32 lb-ft (30 to 40 N·m).
Use the following diagram as a guide.
CAUTION:
Make sure the tire and carrier are secure.
Driving with the tire or carrier unlatched could
injure pedestrians or damage the vehicle.
7. Return the jack, wheel wrench and wheel blocks to
the proper location in your vehicle’s rear area.
Secure the items and replace the jack cover.
A. Retainer
B. Rubber Band
(Some Models)
C. Work Gloves
D. Mat
E. Jack Storage Cover
F. Wheel Blocks
G. Hub Cap
Removal Tool
(Some Models)
H. Wheel Wrench
I. Jack
J. Jacking Instructions
5-33
Spare Tire
Compact Spare Tire (If Equipped)
Your vehicle, when new, had a fully inflated spare tire.
A spare tire, whether compact-size or full-size, may lose
air over time, so check its inflation pressure regularly.
See “Inflation-Tire Pressure” and “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index, for information regarding proper
tire inflation and loading your vehicle. For instruction
on how to remove, install or store a spare tire, see
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
The compact spare tire is a temporary replacement tire
made to perform at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h) and
for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km). With the
compact spare installed, you can finish your trip and
then have the damaged or flat road tire repaired or
replaced. Of course, it’s best to repair or replace the
damaged road tire as soon as you can. Your compact
spare tire will last longer and be in good shape in case
you need it again.
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure the spare
is correctly inflated. Have the damaged or flat road tire
repaired or replaced as soon as you can and installed
back onto your vehicle. This way, a spare tire will be
available in case you need it again.
Don’t mix tires and wheels of different sizes,
because they won’t fit. Keep your spare tire and its
wheel together.
t
If your vehicle has the Xtreme Sport Appearance
Package (RPO V4A), the spare tire is smaller than your
vehicle’s original road tires, so don’t include the spare in
the tire rotation.
5-34
The compact spare may lose air after a time, so check
the inflation pressure regularly. After installing the
compact spare on your vehicle, stop as soon as
possible and make sure it’s correctly inflated. It should
be 60 psi (420 kPa).
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles and
don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with other
wheels or tires, they won’t fit. Keep your compact spare
and its wheel together. Don’t include the compact spare
in your tire rotation.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured. And,
the transmission or other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transmission back
and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
5-35
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
Using the Recovery Hooks
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle, shift into 4HI. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear
(or with a manual transmission, between FIRST (1) or
SECOND (2) and REVERSE (R)), spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. Or, you can use your recovery
hooks if your vehicle has them. If you do need to be
towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Your vehicle may be equipped with recovery hooks. The
hooks are provided at the front of your vehicle. You may
need to use them if you’re stuck off-road and need to be
pulled to some place where you can continue driving.
5-36
CAUTION:
These hooks, when used, are under a lot of force.
Always pull the vehicle straight out. Never pull
on the hooks at a sideways angle. The hooks
could break off and you or others could be
injured from the chain or cable snapping back.
NOTICE:
Never use the recovery hooks to tow the vehicle.
Your vehicle could be damaged and it would not
be covered by warranty.
5-37
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-8
6-8
6-11
6-16
6-17
6-20
6-21
6-22
6-23
6-25
6-29
6-29
6-30
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transmission Fluid
Manual Transmission Fluid
Hydraulic Clutch
Rear Axle
Four-Wheel Drive (If Equipped)
Engine Coolant
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
6-32
6-36
6-37
6-42
6-45
6-55
6-55
6-58
6-59
6-63
6-64
6-64
6-65
6-71
6-71
6-73
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Fuel
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a
heavy knocking noise when you drive. If it is bad
enough, it can damage your engine. A little pinging
noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is considered
normal. This does not indicate a problem exists or that a
higher-octane fuel is necessary.
Gasoline Specifications
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association for better
vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasolines
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasolines.
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
6-3
In Canada, look for
the “Auto Makers’
Choice” label on
the pump.
Canada Only
6-4
California Fuel
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it
is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index)
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
Additives
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may
be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn
on. If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer
for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your
fuel system and also damage plastic and rubber
parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under
your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
6-5
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The fuel cap is behind
a hinged door on
driver’s side of
your vehicle.
6-6
While refueling, hang the fuel cap by the tether from the
hook on the filler door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it; if
you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to
the right.
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot
weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for
any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all
the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the
right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you
get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This
may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and
emissions system. See “Malfunction Indicator
Lamp” in the Index.
6-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like fuel, oil,
coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other
fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could
be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the handle
located inside the
vehicle on the lower
left side of the
instrument panel.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the
hood prop.
Remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood and
return the prop to its retainer.
Then, pull the hood down firmly to close. It will latch
when dropped from about 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm)
without pressing on the hood.
2. Lift the hood.
3. Release the hood prop from its retainer and put the
hood prop into the slot in the hood.
6-9
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, you will see the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Battery
Coolant Recovery Tank
Engine Oil Dipstick
Engine Oil Fill
6-10
E. Automatic Transmission Dipstick
(If Equipped)
F. Power Steering Reservoir
G. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir
H.
I.
J.
K.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Clutch Master Cylinder Reservoir
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
Checking Engine Oil
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
Engine Oil
The oil dipstick handle is a
yellow ring located in the
engine compartment toward
the passenger side of the
vehicle. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
6-11
When to Add Engine Oil
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil fill cap is located in the engine
compartment toward the passenger side of the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on the location of the engine oil
fill cap.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-12
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is best for
your vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s
going to be 0 F (-18 C) or above. These numbers on an
oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
6-13
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these is true for you, use the short trip/city
maintenance schedule:
D Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures are
below freezing.
D Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
D You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
D The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
6-14
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance schedule. Change the oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions will cause engine oil
to break down slower.
Remote Oil Filter (Four-Wheel Drive)
The access door for the
remote oil filter is in the
steering linkage shield
assembly located under the
radiator support. Turn the
screw to unlock or lock
the door. If you open the
door, make sure it is
securely closed when
you are finished.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand
cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it
in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or
into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have
a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
6-15
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
3. Insert a new air filter, if needed.
4. Reinstall the engine air cleaner/filter cover.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the engine air cleaner/filter. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index.
CAUTION:
The engine air cleaner/filter is located toward the front
of the engine compartment on the driver’s side of the
vehicle. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for more information on the location of the engine
air cleaner/filter.
To check or replace the engine air cleaner/filter do
the following:
1. Remove the fasteners that hold the cover on and
remove the cover.
2. Lift out the engine air cleaner/filter.
6-16
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get into
your engine, which will damage it. Always have the
air cleaner/filter in place when you’re driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 15,000 miles
(25 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter every
50,000 miles (83 000 km).
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Too
little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if
you check your transmission fluid.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
6-17
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
Checking the Fluid Level
D
D
D
D
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
normal operating temperature, which is 180_F to
200_F (82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), drive the
vehicle in THIRD (3) until the engine temperature gage
moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes.
A cold fluid check can be made after the vehicle has
been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off,
but this is used only as a reference. Let the engine run at
idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are 50_F
(10_C) or more. If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you
may have to idle the engine longer. Should the fluid
level be low during this cold check, you must check the
fluid hot before adding fluid. Checking the fluid hot will
give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level.
6-18
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The transmission
dipstick handle has
this symbol on it.
The transmission dipstick is located near the center of
the engine compartment . See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for more information on
location.
3. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and
wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
6-19
How to Add Fluid
Manual Transmission Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in
When to Check
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
while it is hot. (A cold check is used only as a
reference.) If the fluid level is low, add only enough of
the proper fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for
a hot check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less
than one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRONR-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
D After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
D When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
6-20
A good time to have it checked is when the engine oil is
changed. However, the fluid in your manual
transmission doesn’t require changing.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your GM dealership service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Too
little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if
you check your transmission fluid.
Check the fluid level only when your engine is off, the
vehicle is parked on a level place and the transmission is
cool enough for you to rest your fingers on the
transmission case.
Then, follow these steps:
How to Add Fluid
Here’s how to add fluid. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use. See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole. Add only enough
fluid to bring the fluid level up to the bottom of the
filler plug hole.
3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the plug is fully seated.
Hydraulic Clutch
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is
self-adjusting. The clutch master cylinder reservoir is
filled with hydraulic clutch fluid.
It is not necessary to regularly check clutch fluid unless
you suspect there is a leak in the system. Adding fluid
won’t correct a leak.
1. Remove the filler plug.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
2. Check that the lubricant level is up to the bottom of
the filler plug hole.
3. If the fluid level is good, install the plug and be sure
it is fully seated. If the fluid level is low, add more
fluid as described in the next steps.
6-21
When to Check and What to Use
Rear Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often you should check the fluid level in your clutch
master cylinder reservoir and for the proper fluid. See
“Owner Checks and Services” and “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
How to Check and Add Fluid
The proper fluid should be added if the level does not
reach the bottom of the diaphragm when it’s in place in
the reservoir. See the instructions on the reservoir cap.
6-22
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
How to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
Four-Wheel Drive (If Equipped)
Lubricant checks in this section also apply to these
vehicles. However, there are two additional systems
that need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Use care not to overtighten the plug.
6-23
What to Use
How to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you may need to add some lubricant.
When the differential is cold, add enough lubricant
to raise the level to 1/2 inch (12 mm) below the filler
plug hole.
When the differential is at operating temperature
(warm), add enough lubricant to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler plug hole.
6-24
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
6-25
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-26
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
The coolant recovery tank is located in the engine
compartment near the passenger side of the vehicle. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at ADD, or a
little higher. When your engine is warm, the level should
be up to FULL HOT, or a little higher.
6-27
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will
almost never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank, but be careful
not to spill it.
6-28
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator. For
information on how to add coolant to the radiator, see
“Cooling System” in the Index.
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering reservoir is located near the front
of the engine compartment on the driver’s side of
the vehicle.
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
6-29
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
What to Use
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and
repaired. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for reservoir location.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
What to Use
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
The level should be between the ADD and FULL marks.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up
to the proper range.
6-30
Windshield Washer Fluid
Adding Washer Fluid
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located toward
the front of the engine compartment on the driver’s side
of the vehicle. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more information on location.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
6-31
Brakes
Brake Fluid
of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for the location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
6-32
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system. See “Checking Brake Fluid” in
this section.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
check your brake fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
Checking Brake Fluid
What to Add
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
Just look at the brake
fluid reservoir. The
fluid level should be
above MIN. If it isn’t,
have your brake
system checked to see
if there is a leak.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN but not over the
MAX mark.
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-33
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and
go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except
when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-34
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Brake Adjustment
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this manual
under Part C “Periodic Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes
adjust for wear.
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you need new ones put in -- be sure you get
new approved GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your
brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if
someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes
can change -- for the worse. The braking performance
you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways if
someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
6-35
Battery
Vehicle Storage
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco
battery. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for battery location.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-36
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
See “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index for the proper
types of bulbs to use. For any bulb changing procedure
not listed in this section, contact your GM dealer’s
service department.
One-Piece Composite Headlamp System
1. Open the hood.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
2. Remove the black retainer clips by lifting up.
3. Pull the headlamp assembly out.
4. Unplug the electrical connector.
6-37
5. Turn the bulb/socket assembly counterclockwise to
remove it.
6. Put the new bulb/socket assembly into the
headlamp assembly and turn it clockwise until it
is tight.
7. Plug in the electrical connector.
8. Put the headlamp assembly back into the vehicle.
9. Install the two retaining clips.
10. Close the hood.
6-38
Two-Piece Composite Headlamp System
1. Open the hood.
4. Turn the bulb/socket assembly counterclockwise to
remove it.
2. Remove the black retainer clips by lifting up.
5. Put the new bulb/socket assembly into the headlamp
assembly and turn it clockwise until it is tight.
3. Pull the headlamp assembly out.
6. Plug in the electrical connector.
7. Put the headlamp assembly back into the vehicle.
8. Install the two retaining clips.
9. Close the hood.
6-39
One-Piece Front Turn Signal Lamps
Two-Piece Front Turn Signal Lamps
1. Remove the headlamp assembly as shown under
“One-Piece Composite Headlamp System” earlier in
this section.
1. Remove the headlamp assembly as shown under
“Two-Piece Composite Headlamp System” earlier in
this section.
2. Twist the bulb socket to
remove it from the
headlamp assembly.
3. Pull the bulb straight out to remove it from
the socket.
4. Push the new bulb into the socket until it snaps
into place.
5. Put the bulb socket into the lamp assembly and turn
it clockwise until it is tight.
6. Put the headlamp assembly back into the vehicle.
7. Install the two retaining clips.
8. Close the hood.
6-40
2. Locate the locking tabs
on the assembly.
Squeeze the tabs
together and push that
end of the assembly out
while holding the tabs.
The assembly will
swing out.
3. Unplug the electrical connector.
4. Turn the harness bulb socket counterclockwise to
remove it.
5. Pull the bulb straight out to remove it from
the socket.
6. Push the new bulb into the socket until it snaps
into place.
7. Reinstall the harness bulb socket with the new bulb
into the headlamp assembly and turn it clockwise
until it is tight.
8. To reinstall the assembly, snap the outboard end of
the lamp assembly back into the vehicle. Then
swing the assembly in and snap it into place.
9. Install the two retaining clips.
10. Close the hood.
6-41
7. Put the socket into the assembly and turn the socket
clockwise until it locks in place.
Taillamps
1. Open the endgate.
8. Install the lamp assembly and tighten the screws.
2. Remove the two screws
from the lamp assembly.
9. Close the endgate.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Windshield
Wiper Blade Check” in the Index for more information.
See “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the
Index for the proper type of replacement blade.
3. Pull the assembly away from the vehicle.
NOTICE:
4. Turn the socket counterclockwise to remove it.
Push the tab in while you turn the socket
counterclockwise.
Use care when removing or installing a blade
assembly. Accidental bumping can cause the arm
to fall back and strike the windshield.
5. Holding the base of the bulb, pull the bulb straight
out of the socket.
6. Push the new bulb straight into the socket until
it clicks.
6-42
1. To remove the old wiper blades, lift the wiper arm
until it locks into a vertical position.
3. Remove the insert from the blade assembly. The
insert has two notches at one end that are locked by
the bottom claws of the blade assembly. At the
notched end, pull the insert from the blade assembly.
A. Blade Assembly
B. Arm Assembly
C. Locking Tab
D. Blade Pivot
E. Hook Slot
F. Arm Hook
2. Press down on the blade assembly pivot locking tab.
Pull down on the blade assembly to release it from
the wiper arm hook.
4. To install the new wiper insert, slide the insert (D),
notched end last, into the end with two blade
claws (A). Slide the insert all the way through the
blade claws at the opposite end (B). The plastic
caps (C) will be forced off as the insert is
fully inserted.
6-43
5. Be sure that the notches are locked by the bottom
claws. Make sure that all other claws are properly
locked on both sides of the insert slots.
6. Put the blade assembly pivot in the wiper arm
hook. Pull up until the pivot locking tab locks in the
hook slot.
7. Carefully lower the wiper arm and blade assembly
onto the windshield.
Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement
See “Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement” in this
section for instructions on how to change the backglass
wiper blade. The backglass wiper blade will not lock
in a vertical position like the windshield wiper blade,
so care should be used when pulling it away from
the vehicle.
A. Claw in Notch
B. Correct Installation
C. Incorrect Installation
6-44
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your GM Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D
D
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
6-45
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Certification/Tire label, which is on the driver’s
door edge, above the door latch, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
6-46
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Check your tires once a month or more. Also, check the
tire pressure of the spare tire.
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for more
information. Make sure the spare tire is stored securely.
Push, pull, and then try to rotate or turn the tire. If it
moves, use the wheel wrench to tighten the cable. See
“Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools” in the Index.
If you have a compact spare tire, it should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
6-47
If your vehicle has a compact spare tire or a spare tire
that does not match your vehicle’s regular road tires and
wheels in size and type, do not include the spare in the
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Certification/Tire label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. See in
the Index.
When rotating your tires, always use one of the correct
rotation patterns shown here.
6-48
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when
it’s time for new tires
is to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-49
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certification/Tire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare
(if you have one). It was developed for use on
your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-50
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a
half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system
does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
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Temperature -- A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance
on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required
by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
6-52
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
CAUTION:
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for
replacement.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for more
information.
6-53
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause a crash. If you have to replace a wheel,
use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-54
Tire Chains
CAUTION:
Don’t use tire chains. There’s not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle without
the proper amount of clearance can cause
damage to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire chains could
cause you to lose control of your vehicle and you
or others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
D Turpentine
D Lacquer Thinner
D Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
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Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. You can get GM-approved cleaning products from
your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials” in
the Index.
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
6-56
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
6-57
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
6-58
NOTICE:
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they
may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the
inside rear window, since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on
the inside of the rear window, an electric
defogger element may be damaged. Any
temporary license should not be attached across
the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield, Backglass and
Wiper Blades
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Washing Your Vehicle
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every
six months. During very cold, damp weather more
frequent application may be required. See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index. Don’t
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be
flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface,
or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
6-59
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
6-60
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with water is all that is usually
needed. However, you may use chrome polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid
damaging protective trim, never use auto or chrome
polish, steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum. A
coating of wax, rubbed to high polish, is recommended
for all bright metal parts.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
(If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic vehicle
wash that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes.
These brushes can also damage the surface of
these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
6-61
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
6-62
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of new
vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
6-63
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of the glove box. It’s
very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this
label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-64
Electrical System
Headlamps
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off.
If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow or ice, the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem, be
sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
6-65
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
6-66
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse
block is located at the end
of the instrument panel on
the driver’s side of the
instrument panel.
Remove the cover by turning the fastener
counterclockwise. Extra fuses and the fuse extractor are
provided in the cover. To reinstall the fuse panel cover,
push in and turn the fastener clockwise.
Fuse/Circuit Usage
Breaker
Fuse/Circuit Usage
Breaker
3
Cruise Control Module and
Switch, Body Control Module,
Heated Seats
4
Gages, Body Control Module,
Instrument Panel Cluster
5
Parking Lamps, Power Window
Switch, Body Control Module,
Ashtray Lamp
6
Steering Wheel Radio Controls
7
Headlamps Switch, Body Control
Module, Headlamp Relay
8
Courtesy Lamps, Battery
Run-Down Protection
9
HVAC Control Head (Manual)
A
Not Used
10
Turn Signal
B
Not Used
11
Cluster, Engine Control Module
1
Not Used
12
Interior Lights
2
Cigarette Lighter, Data
Link Connector
13
Auxiliary Power
6-67
Fuse/Circuit Usage
Breaker
14
Power Locks Motor
15
4WD Switch, Engine Controls
(VCM, PCM, Transmission)
16
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
17
Front Wiper
18
Steering Wheel Radio Controls
19
Radio, Battery
20
Amplifier
21
HVAC (Manual), HVAC I
(Automatic), HVAC
Sensors (Automatic)
22
Anti-Lock Brakes
23
Rear Wiper
24
Radio, Ignition
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The engine compartment fuse block is located under the
hood on the driver’s side of the vehicle. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location. Before using this fuse block
picture and chart, check to see that it matches the fuse
block in your vehicle. If the fuse block pictured here is
different than your vehicle’s, use the fuse block picture
and chart located later in this section.
Remove the cover by turning the fastener
counterclockwise. To reinstall the fuse panel cover, push
in and turn the fastener clockwise.
6-68
Name
Usage
TRL TRN
Trailer Left Turn
TRR TRN
Trailer Right Turn
TRL B/U
Trailer Back Up Lamps
VEH B/U
Vehicle Back Up Lamps
Name
Usage
RT TURN
Right Turn Signal Front
LT TURN
Left Turn Signal Front
HDLP W/W
Not Used
LT TRN
Left Turn Signal Rear
RT TRN
Right Turn Signal Rear
RR PRK
Right Rear Parking Lamps
TRL PRK
Trailer Park Lamps
LTHDLP
Left Headlamp
RTHDLP
Right Headlamp
FRPRK
Front Parking Lamps
INT BAT
I/P Fuse Block Feed
ENG I
Engine Sensors/Solenoids, MAF,
CAM, PURGE, VENT
ECM B
Engine Control Module, Fuel
Pump Module, Oil Pressure
ABS
Anti-Lock Brake System
ECM I
Engine Control Module Injectors
6-69
Name
Usage
Name
Usage
A/C
Air Conditioning
LR PRK
Left Rear Parking Lamps
W/W PMP
Not Used
IGN C
HORN
Horn
Starter Solenoid,
Fuel Pump, PRNDL
BTSI
Automatic Transmission Shift
Lock Control System
HTDSEAT
Heated Seat
HVAC
HVAC System
TRCHMSL
Trailer Center High Mount
Stop Light
RRDFOG
Rear Defogger
TBC
Truck Body Computer
CRANK
Clutch Switch, NSBU Switch
HAZLP
Hazard Lamps
VECHMSL
Vehicle Center High-Mounted
Stop Lamp
B/U LP
Back Up Lamps
IGN B
Column Feed, IGN 2, 3, 4
RAP
Retained Accessory Power
LD LEV
Not Used
OXYSEN
Oxygen Sensor
IGN E
Engine
MIR/LKS
Mirrors, Door Locks
FOG LP
Fog Lamps
HTDMIR
Heated Mirror
IGN A
Starting and Charging IGN 1
ATC
Transfer Case (Four-Wheel Drive)
STUD #2
Accessory Feeds, Electric Brake
STOPLP
Stop Lamps
PARKLP
Parking Lamps
RR W/W
Rear Window Wiper
6-70
Replacement Bulbs *
Lamps
Capacities and Specifications
Number
Halogen Headlamps,
Composite Low Beam
9006 HB4 or
9006LL
Halogen Headlamps,
Composite High Beam
9005 HB3
Taillamps
3057
Front Sidemarker Lamps
194 NA
Turn Signal Lamps
3457A
*For replacement bulbs not listed here, please consult
your dealer.
Engine Description . . . . . . . . . . . . “VORTEC” 4300
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
VIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . W
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6-5-4-3-2
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 at 4,400 rpm
Thermostat Specification . . . . . . . . . . . 195_F (91_C)
Spark Plug Gap . . . . . . . . . . 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Wheels and Tires
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Tire Pressure . . . . . . See the Certification/Tire label.
See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
6-71
Capacities
Please refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index for more information.
Cooling System*
Automatic Trans. . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.7 quarts (11.1 L)
Manual Trans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.9 quarts (11.3 L)
Engine Oil with Filter* . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
Automatic Transmission
(Drain and Refill)* . . . . . . . . . . . 5.0 quarts (4.7 L)
Differential Fluid*
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.0 pints (1.9 L)
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 pints (1.2 L)
Fuel Tank
(2-Door Models) . . . . . . 19.0 U.S. gallons (72.0 L)
Fuel Tank
(4-Door Models) . . . . . . 18.0 U.S. gallons (68.0 L)
*All capacities are approximate. After refill, the level
must be checked.
6-72
Air Conditioning Refrigerant
Capacity
If you do your own service work, you’ll need the proper
service manual. See “Doing Your Own Service Work” in
the Index for additional information. It is recommended
that service work on your air conditioning system be
performed by a qualified technician.
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant R134a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8 lbs. (.79 kg)
Use Refrigerant Oil, R134a Systems
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Replacement part numbers listed in this section are
based on the latest information available at the time of
printing, and are subject to change. If a part listed in this
manual is not the same as the part used in your vehicle
when it was built, or if you have any questions, please
contact your GM dealer.
Thermostat** . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12559051
Oil Filter* (2-Wheel Drive) . . . PF47 (PF52 Optional)
Oil Filter* (4-Wheel Drive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF52
Air Cleaner Filter* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1163C
PCV Valve* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV769C
Automatic Transmission Filter Kit** . . . . 24200796
Spark Plugs* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41-932
Fuel Filter* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GF481
Front Windshield
Wiper Blade . . . . . . . . . . Trico 20 inches (50.8 cm)
Backglass Wiper Blade . . . Trico 14 inches (35.6 cm)
*ACDelcoR Part No.
**GM Part No.
6-73
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-8
7-31
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
7-44
7-50
7-52
7-55
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this
manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for
you to record and keep track of the maintenance
performed on your vehicle. Keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle
for warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
7-4
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle
uses these. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Certification/Tire label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D are driven off-road in the recommended manner. See
“Off-Road Driving With Your Four-Wheel-Drive
Vehicle” in the Index.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Scheduled Maintenance
Short Trip/City Definition
Follow the Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance if
any one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
D Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures are
below freezing.
Short Trip/City Intervals
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first). Chassis
Lubrication (or 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Drive Axle Service.
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Tire Rotation.
D Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
D You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Engine Air
Cleaner Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty
conditions. Automatic Transmission Service
(severe conditions only).
D If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement. Fuel Filter Replacement.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule
if you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions
is that these conditions cause engine oil to break
down sooner.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (normal conditions). Automatic
Transfer Case Only: Transfer Case Fluid Change.
your vehicle.
or other commercial application.
(Continued)
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Short Trip/City Intervals
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement. Positive
Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
7-6
Long Trip/Highway Definition
Follow this scheduled maintenance only if none of the
conditions from the Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance are true. Do not use this schedule if the
vehicle is used for trailer towing, driven in a dusty area
or used off paved roads. Use the Short Trip/City
schedule for these conditions.
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under
highway conditions will cause engine oil to break
down slower.
Scheduled Maintenance
Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Drive Axle Service. Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Fuel Filter
Replacement. Engine Air Cleaner Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (normal conditions). Automatic
Transfer Case Only: Transfer Case Fluid Change.
Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement. Positive
Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
7-7
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of
this vehicle.
# Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering
linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints and brake pedal springs.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
** Drive axle service. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index for proper lubricant to use:
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
D Check fluid level and add fluid as needed. If driving
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
7-8
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
D
D
in dusty areas or when towing a trailer, drain fluid
and refill every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
If your vehicle has a locking differential, drain fluid
and refill at first engine oil change.
More frequent lubrication may be required for
heavy-duty or off-road use.
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-9
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
7-11
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-12
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-13
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-14
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-15
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-16
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
7-17
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
j
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transmission
fluid, change both the fluid and filter. Manual transmission fluid doesn’t
require change.
Automatic Transfer Case Only: Change transfer case fluid.
7-18
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-19
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-20
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
j
j
j
j
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-21
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-22
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-23
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-24
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-25
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-26
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-27
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-28
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
j
j
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transmission
fluid, change both the fluid and filter. Manual transmission fluid doesn’t
require change.
Automatic Transfer Case Only: Change transfer case fluid.
Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) valve.
An Emission Control Service.
7-29
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-30
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of
this vehicle.
# Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints, steering
linkage, parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines,
universal joints and brake pedal springs.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
** Drive axle service. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index for proper lubricant to use:
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
D Check fluid level and add fluid as needed.
D If your vehicle has a locking differential, drain fluid
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
and refill at first engine oil change.
7-31
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
7-32
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-33
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
7-34
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
(Continued)
7-35
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
45,000 Miles (75 000 km) (Continued)
Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe conditions listed previously and,
therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transmission fluid, change both the
fluid and filter. Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
j Automatic Transfer Case Only: Change transfer case fluid.
7-36
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
(Continued)
7-37
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j
7-38
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
(Continued)
7-39
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
75,000 Miles (125 000 km) (Continued)
Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-40
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-41
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
j Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. (See footnote **.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
j
j
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transmission
fluid, change both the fluid and filter. Manual transmission fluid doesn’t
require change.
Automatic Transfer Case Only: Change transfer case fluid.
Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) valve.
An Emission Control Service.
7-42
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-43
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in the
Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-44
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Spare Tire Check
At least twice a year, after the monthly inflation check
of the spare tire determines that the spare is inflated to
the correct tire inflation pressure, make sure that the
spare tire is stored securely. Push, pull, and then try to
rotate or turn the tire. If it moves, use the wheel wrench
to tighten the cable. See “Storing the Spare Tire and
Tools” in the Index.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
7-45
Manual Transmission Check
Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed. See
“Manual Transmission Fluid” in the Index. Check for
leaks. A fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss. Have
the system inspected and repaired if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Automatic Transmission Check
Body Lubrication Service
Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transmission Fluid” in the Index. A fluid
loss may indicate a problem. Check the system and
repair if needed.
Lubricate all hood hinges, hood latch assembly,
secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor, release pawl,
door hinges, fuel door hinge, endgate hinges, outer
tailgate handle pivot points, tailgate hinges, tailgate
mounted spare tire (if equipped), glove box, console
doors, moving seat hardware and folding seat hardware.
Part D tells you what to use. More frequent lubrication
may be required when exposed to a corrosive
environment.
Hydraulic Clutch System Check
Check the fluid level in the clutch reservoir. See
“Hydraulic Clutch Fluid” in the Index. A fluid loss in
this system could indicate a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired at once.
7-46
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
3. On automatic transmission vehicles, try to start the
engine in each gear. The starter should work only in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starter works in
any other position, your vehicle needs service.
On manual transmission vehicles, put the shift lever
in NEUTRAL (N), push the clutch down halfway
and try to start the engine. The starter should work
only when the clutch is pushed down all the way to
the floor. If the starter works when the clutch isn’t
pushed all the way down, your vehicle needs service.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn
off the engine immediately if it starts.
7-47
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D With an automatic transmission, the key should turn
to LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
D With a manual transmission, the key should turn to
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
On all vehicles, the key should come out only in LOCK.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
7-48
LOCK only when you press the key release button.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P) Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from
the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-49
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
7-50
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in
the Index.
Fuel System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least once
a year.
Throttle System Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. Check parking
brake adjustment. You may need to have your brakes
inspected more often if your driving habits or conditions
result in frequent braking.
Transfer Case and Front Axle
(Four-Wheel Drive) Inspection
Every 12 months or at engine oil change intervals, check
front axle and transfer case and add lubricant when
necessary. A fluid loss could indicate a problem; check
and have it repaired, if needed. Check vent hose at
transfer case for kinks and proper installation. More
frequent lubrication may be required on off-road use.
7-51
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
7-52
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only GM
GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR or
HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
USAGE
Hydraulic
Brake System
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
GM OptikleenR Washer
Solvent (GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Hydraulic
Clutch System
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid
(GM Part No. 12345347 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power
Steering System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Manual
Transmission
Synchromesh Transmission Fluid
(GM Part No. 12345349 or
equivalent).
Rear Axle
(Locking
Differential)
Axle Lubricant; use only GM Part
No. 1052271. Do not add friction
modifier.
Transfer Case
AUTO-TRAK II Fluid
(GM Part No. 12378508).
Automatic
Transmission
Key Lock
Cylinders
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Front and Rear
Axle (Standard
Differential)
SAE 80W-90 Axle Lubricant (GM
Part No. 1052271 or equivalent).
Electronic
Transfer Case
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Automatic
Transfer Case
AUTO-TRAK II Fluid
(GM Part No. 12378508).
Rear Driveline
Center Spline
and Universal
Joints
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
7-53
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Constant
Velocity
Universal Joint
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Tailgate
Mounted Spare
Tire Carrier (if
equipped), Outer
Tailgate Handle
Pivot Points and
Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Synthetic Grease with Teflon,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12371287 or equivalent).
Clutch Pushrod
to Clutch Fork
Joint
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
7-54
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-55
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-56
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-57
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-58
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain
service publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-8
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
Canadian Roadside Assistance
8-8
8-10
8-10
8-11
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by
calling 1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your
dealer are committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new vehicle. However,
if you continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you should
file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce
any additional rights you may have. Canadian owners
refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it
and proceed with any other venue for relief available
to you.
8-3
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
8-4
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write
to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to Chevrolet’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USAR (243-8872)
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
When calling from outside Canada, please dial
1-905-644-3063. All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
8-5
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA
(243-8872). This toll-free number will provide you
over-the-phone roadside assistance with minor
mechanical problems. If your problem cannot be
resolved over the phone, our advisors have access to
a nationwide network of dealer recommended service
providers. Roadside membership is free; however some
services may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy Care:
Roadside Basic Care provides:
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
Center. As the owner of a 2002 Chevrolet, membership
in Roadside Assistance is free.
8-6
D Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872),
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438
D Free towing for warranty repairs
D Basic over-the-phone technical advice
D Available dealer services at reasonable costs
(i.e., wrecker services, locksmith/key service,
glass repair, etc.)
Roadside Courtesy Care provides:
D Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined previously)
Plus:
D FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
D FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
D FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
D FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
D FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on the road)
Chevrolet offers Courtesy Transportation for customers
needing warranty service. Courtesy Transportation will
be offered in conjunction with the coverage provided by
the Bumper-to-Bumper New Vehicle Limited Warranty
to eligible purchasers of 2002 Chevrolet passenger cars
and light duty trucks. (Please see your selling dealer
for details.)
Courtesy Care is available to retail and retail lease
customers operating 2002 and newer Chevrolet vehicles
for a period of 3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km),
whichever occurs first. All Courtesy Care services
must be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
service management.
Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or
included in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to
modify or discontinue Basic Care and Courtesy Care
at any time.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies
that will provide you with quality and priority service.
When roadside services are required, our advisors will
explain any payment obligations that may be incurred
for utilizing outside services.
8-7
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book or
call 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
8-8
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience. If your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately, keep driving it until it can be scheduled for
service, unless, of course, the problem is safety-related.
If it is, please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Chevrolet helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption
of your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle
ride to a destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you
for a rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to
a maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage
charges and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new
vehicle provides detailed warranty coverage information.
8-9
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-11
SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
Service Manuals
Owner’s Information
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the
Maintenance Schedule for all models.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case
Unit Repair Manual
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments and specifications
for GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123 – Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-MasterCard-Discover)
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
8-12
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds.
Canadian residents are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
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