DVIULC6-2P6 скачать даташит

DVIULC6-2P6 скачать даташит
DVIULC6-2x6
Ultra low capacitance ESD protection
Features
■
2-line ESD protection (at 15 kV air and contact
discharge, exceeds IEC 61000-4-2)
■
Protects VBUS when applicable
■
Ultra low capacitance: 0.6 pF at F = 825 MHz
■
Fast response time compared with varistors
■
Low leakage current: 0.5 µA max
■
RoHS compliant
SOT-666
DVIULC6-2P6
Applications
Benefits
■
µQFN (pin view)
DVIULC6-2M6
ESD standards compliance guaranteed at
device level, hence greater immunity at system
level
■
ESD protection of VBUS when applicable.
■
Large bandwidth to minimize impact on data
signal quality
■
Consistent D+ / D- signal balance:
– Ultra low impact on intra- and inter-pair
skew
– Matching high bit rate DVI, and IEEE 1394
requirements
■
Low PCB space consumption - 1.45 mm2
for µQFN
■
Low leakage current for longer operation of
battery powered devices
■
Higher reliability offered by monolithic
integration
■
500 µm pitch for µQFN 6 leads
■
DVI ports up to 1.65 Gb/s
■
IEEE 1394a, b, and c up to 3.2 Gb/s
■
USB2.0 ports up to 480 Mb/s (high speed),
backwards compatible with USB1.1 low and full
speed
■
Ethernet port: 10/100/1000 Mb/s
■
SIM card protection
■
Video line protection
Description
The DVIULC6-2x6 is a monolithic, application
specific discrete device dedicated to ESD
protection of high speed interfaces, such as DVI,
IEEE 1394a, b and c, USB2.0, Ethernet links and
video lines.
Its ultra low line capacitance secures a high level
of signal integrity without compromising in
protecting sensitive chips against the most
stringently characterized ESD strikes.
Complies with these standards
■
IEC 61000-4-2 level 4
– 15 kV air discharge
– 8 kV contact discharge
■
MIL STD883G-Method 3015-7
May 2008
Rev 1
1/17
www.st.com
Characteristics
1
DVIULC6-2x6
Characteristics
Figure 1.
Functional diagram
I/O1
1
6
I/O1
VBUS
GND
2
5
VBUS
I/O2
I/O2
3
4
I/O2
I/O1
1
6
I/O1
GND
2
5
I/O2
3
4
µQFN 6 leads
SOT666
When used with a DVI application, Pin 5 should not be connected to
protect against backdrive current flow on data lines.
Table 1.
Absolute ratings
Symbol
Parameter
VPP
Peak pulse voltage
Tstg
Storage temperature range
Value
Unit
±15
±15
±25
kV
-55 to +150
°C
IEC61000-4-2 air discharge
IEC61000-4-2 contact discharge
MIL STD883G-Method 3015-7
Tj
Maximum junction temperature
125
°C
TL
Lead solder temperature (10 seconds duration)
260
°C
Table 2.
Electrical characteristics (Tamb = 25 °C)
Value
Symbol
Parameter
Test Conditions
Unit
Min. Typ.
IRM
Leakage current
VRM = 5 V
VBR
Breakdown voltage between VBUS
and GND
IR = 1 mA
VCL
Ci/o-GND
Clamping voltage
Capacitance between I/O and GND
Capacitance variation between I/O
ΔCi/o-GND
and GND
Ci/o-i/o
2/17
Capacitance between I/O
Max
0.5
6
µA
V
IPP = 1 A, tp = 8/20 µs
Any I/O pin to GND
12
V
IPP = 5 A, tp = 8/20 µs
Any I/O pin to GND
17
V
VR = 0 V, F= 825 MHz
0.85
pF
VR = 0 V, F= 1 MHz
VR = 0 V, F= 825 MHz
0.02
pF
0.5
pF
DVIULC6-2x6
Figure 2.
Characteristics
Line capacitance versus line
voltage (typical values)
Figure 3.
C(pF)
Line capacitance versus frequency
(typical values) DVIULC6-2M6
C(pF)
1.0
1.0
F=825MHz
Vosc=500mVRMS
VBUS OPEN
Tj =25 °C
0.9
0.8
0.7
Vosc=30mVRMS
Tj =25°C
VI-O/GND = 0V
VBUS OPEN
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
CI/O - GND
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
CI/O - GND
0.2
0.1
CI/O - CI/O
0.1
Data line voltage (v)
0
F(MHz)
0
0.0
Figure 4.
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
1
10
Line capacitance versus frequency Figure 5.
(typical values) DVIULC6-2P6
100
1000
10000
Frequency response (typical
values) DVIULC6-2M6
S21(db)
0.00
C(pF)
1.0
Vosc=30mVrms
Tj = 25 °C
VI-O/GND = 0V
VBUS OPEN
0.9
0.8
Fc=5.9GHz
- 4.00
0.7
C I/O - GND
0.6
- 8.00
0.5
0.4
0.3
C I/O – I/O
0.2
- 12.00
0.1
F(MHz)
F(Hz)
0.0
1
10
100
1000
10000
- 16.00
300.0k
Figure 6.
Frequency response (typical
values) DVIULC6-2P6
Figure 7.
1.0M
3.0M
10.0M
30.0M
100.0M
300.0M
1.0G
3.0G
Relative variation of leakage
current versus junction
temperature (typical values)
S21(db)
0.00
IRM[Tj] / IRM[Tj=25°C]
5
Fc=5.3GHz
4
- 4.00
3
- 8.00
2
- 12.00
Tj(°C)
F(Hz)
1
25
- 16.00
300.0k
1.0M
3.0M
Ligne
10.0M
30.0M
100.0M
300.0M
1.0G
50
75
100
125
3.0G
2
3/17
Characteristics
Figure 8.
Eye diagram at 1.65 Gbps
amplitude 500 mV
PCB + DVIULC6-2M6
Horizontal: 100 ps/div
Vertical: 200 mV/div
Figure 10. Eye diagram at 1.65 Gbps
amplitude 500 mV
PCB + DVIULC6-2P6
Horizontal: 100 ps/div
Vertical: 200 mV/div
4/17
DVIULC6-2x6
Figure 9.
Eye diagram at 3.2 Gbps
amplitude 500 mV
PCB + DVIULC6-2M6
Horizontal: 50 ps/div
Vertical: 200 mV/div
Figure 11. Eye diagram at 3.2 Gbps
amplitude 500 mV
PCB + DVIULC6-2P6
Horizontal: 50 ps/div
Vertical: 200 mV/div
DVIULC6-2x6
2
Application examples
Application examples
Figure 12. DVI single link application
DVI
Host
(Desktop,
Notebook)
Tx0Tx0+
1
6
1
6
2
5
2
5
3
4
3
4
TMDS
transmitter
Tx1-
video
Tx1+
Multimedia
controller
1
6
5
3
4
Rx0+
Display
(flat panel,
monitor,
projector)
TMDS
receiver
DVI connectors
2
Rx0-
1
6
2
5
3
4
Rx1-
video
Rx1+
audio
audio
DVIULC6-2M6
Ctrl /
status
controller
Tx2-
1
2
5
2
5
Tx2+
3
4
3
4
TCTC+
6
1
6
1
6
1
6
2
5
2
5
3
4
3
4
Rx2-
Ctrl /
status
Rx2+
RCRC+
TMDS links
CEC
CEC
SCL
SCL
Vcc 5V
Vcc 5V
DVIULC6-4SC6
SDA
SDA
HPD
HPD
Control links
Figure 13. T1/E1/Ethernet protection
+VCC
Tx
100nF
SMP75-8
D A TA
TRANSCEIVER
+VCC
Rx
100nF
SMP75-8
5/17
Application examples
2.1
DVIULC6-2x6
PCB layout considerations
Figure 14. PCB layout example
Width=100 µm
Space=400 µm
All dimensions in µm
3160
3160
Width=215 µm
PCB Characteristics
Space=100 µm
Substrate: H = 730 m, Er =3.9
Z0diff=100 Ω
Tracks: H = 35 µm copper
Coatinbg: H = 35 µm above substrate: H = 10 µm above tracks, Er = 3.4
GND plane on the bottom layer
Figure 15. TDR results for DVIULC6-2M6 with PCB layout example
6/17
DVIULC6-2x6
Technical information
3
Technical information
3.1
Surge protection
The DVIULC6-2x6 is particularly optimized to perform ESD surge protection based on the
rail to rail topology.
The clamping voltage VCL can be calculated as follows:
VCL+ = VTRANSIL + VF for positive surges
VCL- = - VF
for negative surges
with: VF = VT + Rd.Ip
(VF forward drop voltage) / (VT forward drop threshold voltage)
and VTRANSIL = VBR + Rd_TRANSIL . IP
Calculation example
We assume that the value of the dynamic resistance of the clamping diode is typically:
Rd = 0.5 Ω and VT = 1.1 V.
We assume that the value of the dynamic resistance of the transil diode is typically
Rd_TRANSIL = 0.5 Ω and VBR = 6.1 V
For an IEC 61000-4-2 surge Level 4 (Contact Discharge: Vg= 8 kV, Rg= 330 Ω),
VBUS = +5 V, and, in first approximation, we assume that: Ip = Vg / Rg = 24 A.
We find:
VCL+ = +31.2 V
VCL- = -13.1 V
Note:
The calculations do not take into account phenomena due to parasitic inductances.
3.2
Surge protection application example
If we consider that the connections from the pin VBUS to VCC, from I/O to data line, and from
GND to PCB GND plane are two tracks 10 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, we can assume that
the parasitic inductances, LVBUS, LI/O, and LGND, of these tracks are about 6 nH. So when an
IEC 61000-4-2 surge occurs on the data line, due to the rise time of this spike (tr = 1 ns), the
voltage VCL has an extra value equal to LI/O.dI/dt + LGND.dI/dt.
The dI/dt is calculated as: dI/dt = Ip/tr = 24 A/ns for an IEC 61000-4-2 surge level 4 (contact
discharge Vg = 8 kV, Rg = 330 Ω)
The over voltage due to the parasitic inductances is:
LI/O.dI/dt = LGND.dI/dt = 6 x 24 = 144 V
By taking into account the effect of these parasitic inductances due to unsuitable layout, the
clamping voltage will be:
VCL+ = +31.2 + 144 +144 = 319.2 V
VCL- = -13.1 - 144 -144 = -301.1 V
We can reduce as much as possible these phenomena with simple layout optimization.
7/17
Technical information
DVIULC6-2x6
Figure 16. IESD behavior: parasitic phenomena due to unsuitable layout
ESD surge
on data line
VCL+
VBUS
Data line
LI/O
LI/O
di L
VBUS
dt
L I/O
di
di
+ L GND
dt
dt
POSITIVE
SURGE
Vcc pin
VF
VTRANSIL
VTRANSIL +VF
VCL
I/O pin
t
tr=1ns
GND pin
LGND
LGND
tr=1ns
di
dt
t
-VF
di
di
+ L GND
dt
dt
di
di
- L GND
dt
dt
VCL + = VTRANSIL + VF + L I/O
surge > 0
VCL - = - VF - L I/O
surge < 0
- L I/O
di
di
- L GND
dt
dt
NEGATIVE
SURGE
VTRANSIL = VBR + Rd.Ip
VCL-
Figure 17. ESD behavior - measurement conditions
ESD SURGE
TEST BOARD
IN
Figure 18. Remaining voltage after the
DVIULC6-2M6 during
positive ESD surge
Figure 19. Remaining voltage after the
DVIULC6-2M6 during
negative ESD surge
10V/Div
10V/Div
100ns/Div
8/17
OUT
100ns/Div
DVIULC6-2x6
Technical information
Figure 20. Remaining voltage after the
DVIULC6-2P6 during
positive ESD surge
Figure 21. Remaining voltage after the
DVIULC6-26 during
negative ESD surge
10V/Div
10V/Div
100ns/Div
100ns/Div
Important
An important precaution to take is to put the protection device as close as possible to the
disturbance source (generally the connector).
3.3
Crosstalk behavior
Figure 22. Crosstalk phenomena
RG1
Line 1
VG1
RL1
RG2
VG2
RL2
DRIVERS
α 1 VG1 + β12VG2
Line 2
α 2VG2 + β21VG1
RECEIVERS
The crosstalk phenomena is due to the coupling between 2 lines. The coupling factor (β12 or
β21) increases when the gap across lines decreases, particularly in silicon dice. In the
example above the expected signal on load RL2 is α2VG2, in fact the real voltage at this point
has got an extra value β21VG1. This part of the VG1 signal represents the effect of the
crosstalk phenomenon of the line 1 on the line 2. This phenomenon has to be taken into
account when the drivers impose fast digital data or high frequency analog signals in the
disturbing line. The perturbed line will be more affected if it works with low voltage signal or
high load impedance (few kΩ).
9/17
Technical information
DVIULC6-2x6
Figure 23. Analog crosstalk measurements
TEST BOARD
NETWORK ANALYSER
PORT 2
NETWORK ANALYSER
PORT 1
Figure 23 gives the measurement circuit for the analog application. In usual frequency range
of analog signals (up to 240 MHz) the effect on disturbed line is less than -40 dB (see
Figure 24, and Figure 25).
Figure 24. Analog crosstalk results (typical values) for DVIULC6-2M6
dB
0.00
[email protected]
- 30.00
- 60.00
- 90.00
F (Hz)
- 120.00
300.0k
1.0M
3.0M
10.0M
30.0M
100.0M
300.0M
1.0G
3.0G
Figure 25. Analog crosstalk results (typical values) for DVIULC6-2P6
dB
0.00
[email protected]
- 30.00
- 60.00
- 90.00
F (Hz)
- 120.00
300.0k
10/17
1.0M
3.0M
10.0M
30.0M
100.0M
300.0M
1.0G
3.0G
DVIULC6-2x6
Recommendation on PCB assembly
4
Recommendation on PCB assembly
4.1
Stencil opening design
1.
General recommendation on stencil opening design
a)
Stencil opening dimensions: L (Length), W (Width), T (Thickness)
Figure 26. Stencil opening dimensions.
L
T
b)
W
General Design Rule
Stencil thickness (T) = 75 ~ 125 µm
W
Aspect Ratio = ----- ≥ 1.5
T
L×W
Aspect Area = ---------------------------- ≥ 0.66
2T ( L + W )
2.
Reference design
a)
Stencil opening thickness: 100 µm
b)
Stencil opening for leads: Opening to footprint ratio is 90%.
Figure 27. Recommended stencil window position (µQFN only)
7 µm
7 µm
620 µm
650 µm
15 µm
236 µm
15 µm
250 µm
Footprint
Stencil window
Footprint
11/17
Recommendation on PCB assembly
4.2
4.3
4.4
12/17
DVIULC6-2x6
Solder paste
1.
Halide-free flux qualification ROL0 according to ANSI/J-STD-004.
2.
“No clean” solder paste is recommended.
3.
Offers a high tack force to resist component movement during high speed.
4.
Solder paste with fine particles: powder particle size is 20-45 µm.
Placement
1.
Manual positioning is not recommended.
2.
It is recommended to use the lead recognition capabilities of the placement system, not
the outline centering.
3.
Standard tolerance of ± 0.05 mm is recommended.
4.
3.5 N placement force is recommended. Too much placement force can lead to
squeezed out solder paste and cause solder joints to short. Too low placement force
can lead to insufficient contact between package and solder paste that could cause
open solder joints or badly centered packages.
5.
To improve the package placement accuracy, a bottom side optical control should be
performed with a high resolution tool.
6.
For assembly, a perfect supporting of the PCB (all the more on flexible PCB) is
recommended during solder paste printing, pick and place and reflow soldering by
using optimized tools.
PCB design preference
1.
To control the solder paste amount, the closed via is recommended instead of open
vias.
2.
The position of tracks and open vias in the solder area should be well balanced. The
symmetrical layout is recommended, in case any tilt phenomena caused by
asymmetrical solder paste amount due to the solder flow away.
DVIULC6-2x6
4.5
Recommendation on PCB assembly
Reflow profile
Figure 28. ST ECOPACK® recommended soldering reflow profile for PCB mounting
Temperature (°C)
260°C max
255°C
220°C
180°C
125 °C
2°C/s recommended
2°C/s recommended
6°C/s max
6°C/s max
3°C/s max
3°C/s max
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
10-30 sec
90 to 150 sec
Note:
6
7
Time (min)
90 sec max
Minimize air convection currents in the reflow oven to avoid component movement.
13/17
Package information
5
DVIULC6-2x6
Package information
●
Epoxy meets UL94, V0
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in ECOPACK®
packages. These packages have a lead-free second level interconnect. The category of
second level interconnect is marked on the inner box label, in compliance with JEDEC
Standard JESD97. The maximum ratings related to soldering conditions are also marked on
the inner box label. ECOPACK is an ST trademark. ECOPACK specifications are available at
www.st.com.
Table 3.
Micro QFN 1.45x1.00 6L dimensions
Dimensions
D
Ref.
N
E
1
2
A
A1
1
Millimeters
Inches
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
A
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.020 0.022 0.024
A1
0.00
0.02
0.05
0.000 0.001 0.002
b
0.18
0.25
0.30
0.007 0.010 0.012
D
1.45
0.057
E
1.00
0.039
e
0.50
0.020
Max.
2
L
k
b
e
K
0.20
L
0.30
0.008
0.35
0.40
0.012 0.014 0.016
Figure 29. µQFN 6 leads footprint dimensions in mm [inches]
0.50
[0.020]
0.25
[0.010]
0.65
[0.026]
0.30
1.60
[0.012] [0.063]
Note:
14/17
Product marking may be rotated by 90° for assembly plant differentiation. In no case should
this product marking be used to orient the component for its placement on a PCB. Only pin
1 mark is to be used for this purpose.
DVIULC6-2x6
Package information
Table 4.
SOT-666 dimensions
Dimensions
b1
Ref.
Millimeters
Inches
L1
Min.
L3
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
A
0.45
0.60 0.018
0.024
A3
0.08
0.18 0.003
0.007
b
0.17
0.34 0.007
0.013
b1
0.19
D
1.50
1.70 0.059
0.067
E
1.50
1.70 0.059
0.067
E1
1.10
1.30 0.043
0.051
b
D
E1
0.27
0.34 0.007 0.011 0.013
A
L2
E
A3
e
0.50
0.020
L1
0.19
0.007
L2
0.10
0.30 0.004
0.012
e
L3
0.10
0.004
Figure 30. Footprint (dimensions in mm)
0.50
0.62
2.60
0.99
0.30
15/17
Ordering information
6
DVIULC6-2x6
Ordering information
Table 5.
Ordering information
Order code
Marking
Package
Weight
Base qty
Delivery mode
DVIULC6-2M6
T(1)
µQFN 6 leads
2.2 mg
3000
Tape and reel
DVIULC6-2P6
R
SOT-666
2.9 mg
3000
Tape and reel
1. The marking can be rotated by 90° to diferentiate assembly location
7
Revision history
Table 6.
16/17
Document revision history
Date
Revision
06-May-2008
1
Description of changes
First issue.
DVIULC6-2x6
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17/17
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