Camera EOS 20D Digital Specifications

Camera EOS 20D Digital Specifications
C
THE CANON EOS 20D
DIGITAL CAMERA:
AN EXTRAORDINARY
COMBINATION OF
PERFORMANCE AND
VALUE
Table of Contents
I OVERVIEW
3
II SUMMARY OF FEATURES
Performance
Advanced Components
Controls and Display
Compatibility and Support
5
5
5
6
6
Power Management
Body and Exterior
Software and Accessories
6
7
7
III NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
New Technology CMOS Image Sensor and Microlenses
New High-Speed Continuous Shooting
New High-Speed Response
New DIGIC II Image Processor
8
8
8
8
9
Noise Reduction
All-New Autofocus System
New E-TTL II Autoflash Algorithm
New Built-In Flash
New Precision Matte Focusing Screen
Picture Size Auto Zoom
New High Speed Shutter
9
10
11
12
12
13
13
Support of EF-S Lenses
13
New Power System Upgrades
13
New Multi-controller
14
White Balance System
14
White Balance Correction
15
New White Balance Bracketing
15
New Menu Features
New Superimposition Display in Viewfinder
New Custom Functions
15
16
16
Shooting Modes
New Processing Parameters
Recording System
New CR2 Raw Format
Compliance
Camera Direct Printing
Construction
New Accessories
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
20
IV SPECIFICATIONS
22
V CONCLUSION
26
I. OVERVIEW
At first glance, the new Canon EOS 20D seems to be an evolutionary product, a
thorough redesign of the highly successful EOS 10D. The 20D is, in fact, so remarkable
that it completely redefines the mid-price category of digital single lens reflex cameras.
At its full 8.2 megapixel resolution, it fires up to 23 frames continuously at 5 frames-persecond. With its quick start-up, fast write speeds, new autofocus unit, sophisticated
E-TTL II autoflash algorithm and extensive controls, the EOS 20D performs above the
level of most high-end D-SLRs of the recent past.
Each camera in the Canon line is, of course, positioned in the market with great care.
The Digital Rebel is the entry level D-SLR with 6.3 megapixel resolution, 7-point wide area
autofocus, 12 shooting modes, direct print support, Canon EOS System compatibility
and image quality that satisfies even critical viewers. It is a landmark camera: the first
D-SLR under the magic $1000 price point, even in lens kit form with the inclusion of the
Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 lens. On the other side of the EOS 20D in the Canon
line-up is the EOS-1D Mark II, at $4500. This, too, is a landmark camera: it can fire up to
40 frames at 8.5 frames-per-second at full 8.2 megapixel resolution. The 1D Mark II is
the world’s fastest digital SLR camera. It has a “1-series” body, highly advanced focus
and electronics systems, and full Canon EOS System compatibility. It is, in all respects,
an extraordinary tool for professional imaging.
For about $600 more than an EOS Digital Rebel,
the 20D, at $1500, has more resolution, more
speed, more advanced autofocus and flash
systems, more control and a magnesium alloy
body with a stainless steel chassis. For $3000
more than the 20D, the Canon EOS-1D Mark II has
similar resolution, faster speed, more ruggedness,
dual memory card slots, a bigger buffer, a smaller
focal length conversion factor, similar autoflash
and superior high-speed autofocus.
The EOS 20D sits between two cameras that
literally define their categories. It is the product
of knowledgeable compromises and synergies.
By feel and by performance, the 20D could sell for
at least $500, perhaps $1000, above its actual price.
Its resolution is superior to that of any D-SLR costing
up to $3000 more. At precisely $3000 more, one could
I. OVERVIEW
3
have the 1D Mark II. The least expensive current D-SLR that shoots faster is the Nikon D2H,
which has half the resolution and costs about $1700 more. Within $500 of the 20D today,
there are the Fuji S2 (to be replaced eventually with the S3 for, presumably, a greater
price difference), the Nikon D100 and D70, the Olympus E-1, the Pentax *ist D, and the
Sigma SD10. All these cameras are slower than, and have lower resolution than, the
20D. All but the E-1 are plastic bodied. None has the controls or the autofocus prowess
of the 20D. The 20D is simply a better performing, more complete camera than anything
in its general price class and a legitimate rival to cameras costing thousands more.
The EOS 20D will naturally appeal to serious amateurs who will recognize what a
remarkable package of performance and value the camera represents. The 20D presents,
essentially, a unique selling proposition to the thousands of wedding, newspaper and
magazine photographers who must purchase their own equipment: most of the speed,
resolution, control and reliability of an EOS-1D Mark II for one third of the price.
Its 8.2 megapixels can record facial details in group photos, the absolute baseline for
professional wedding photography and magazine portraiture. Small and mid-size
magazines and newspapers that maintain an equipment pool but have to keep a close
eye on costs will find the EOS 20D perfect for their needs. The 20D is fast enough for
daily news coverage and general sports shooting, and the extensive Canon EOS System
of lenses, flash units and accessories is available to help configure the 20D for almost
any task. The 20D weighs 24.3 ounces while the 1D Mark II weighs 43 ounces, both
body only. This difference alone means that some photographers will choose the lighter
camera as their primary unit and others will select it for backup duty rather than a
heavier and more expensive option. Whenever value is part of the purchase decision
process, the Canon EOS 20D will make a compelling case for itself.
I. OVERVIEW
4
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
Performance
• New 8.2 megapixel, single-plate, APS-C size CMOS sensor designed and
manufactured by Canon.
• Up to 23 consecutive frames at 5 frames-per-second at maximum JPEG resolution.
• 6 frames continuous in RAW or RAW plus JPEG modes.
• New 4-channel data reading and write processing performed in parallel with shooting;
huge increase in write speed and major reduction in buffer clearing time.
• The first EOS Digital SLR to feature USB 2.0 High-Speed interface; Data transfer is 11
times faster than the EOS 10D.
• Start-up time 0.2 second, 11 times faster than the EOS 10D.
• Fastest shutter release lag time in its class, 0.65 msec.
• Pixel configuration revised to enlarge light sensitive portion of each photosite
resulting in more efficient light gathering and improved signal-to-noise ratio.
• High-speed shutter up to 1/8000 sec. and flash synchronization up to 1/250 sec.
with improved durability.
Advanced Components
• All-new 9-point AF unit with high precision cross-type center sensor has one full
stop better low-light performance than the unit in the EOS 10D.
• New, fast and highly intelligent E-TTL II electronic TTL flash algorithm, also used in
the Canon EOS-1D Mark II, integrates ambient light data with subject distance,
location in the frame and reflectance with color temperature data transmission.
• More compact built-in flash provides color temperature data and covers the
equivalent of a 17mm field of view from a higher firing position, reducing red-eye
and lens obstruction difficulties.
• New, 2nd generation DIGIC II Image Processor.
• New 2nd generation, 3-stage on-chip CMOS noise
reduction circuit.
• Low-noise, high-speed output amp.
• New precision matte focusing screen
features randomly distributed
microlenses for easier focusing, more
attractive soft-focus imaging and no
coloring added to the finder image.
• Exceptional new narrow-gap, largediameter microlens array.
• New high-speed mirror drive, normally
found only in pro-level models, allows
a major reduction in viewfinder blackout time.
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
5
Controls and Display
• New built-in Multi-controller provides fast, convenient and direct selection of AF points
and other functions.
• Revised and simplified controls and menus.
• Recording choice of 6 levels of JPEG alone, CR2 RAW alone, or RAW plus a choice of
6 levels of JPEG kept as separate files.
• Substantially improved 1.8 inch display has approximately 118,000 pixels with 5 levels
of brightness adjustment, can rotate vertical shots automatically, has a maximum
magnification of 10x, is settable in 15 steps and is scrollable with the new Multi-controller.
• RGB histograms provide full color information.
• White balance controls include Auto, six presets, a Custom setting and direct specification
of color temperature.
• White balance can be corrected for blue, amber, magenta or green.
• White balance bracketing up to +/- 3 whole stops for magenta-green as well as blue-amber.
• New processing parameters include 2 presets, 3 custom sets, adjustable for contrast,
sharpness, saturation and color tone, and the monochrome mode which includes
built-in digital filtration for yellow, orange, red and green, and print toning in sepia,
blue, purple and green.
• Switchable dark noise subtraction for long exposures.
• 18 Custom Functions with 50 settings available.
EF Lenses
Compatibility
and Support
Power Management
• Fully compatible with the entire Canon EOS System, including EF and high-value
EF-S Lenses and EOS accessories.
• New, USB 2.0 high-speed interface makes downloading images from the camera
much faster.
• Supports the PictBridge, CP Direct, and Bubble Jet Direct direct-printing protocols.
• Adopts the new Canon CR2 RAW format, with increased metadata, used by EOS-1D Mark II.
• Supports Adobe RGB and sRGB, and is compatible with EXIF 2.21 and DCF 2.0.
• FAT32 formatting permits use of CompactFlash cards larger than 2 GB.
• New power saving design promotes longer battery life without creating a “sleepy” camera.
• New BP-511A battery with 25% more power.
• Optional Battery Grip BG-E2 doubles battery power and provides a useful vertical grip
shutter release.
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
6
Body and Exterior
Software and Accessories
• Magnesium alloy body and stainless steel chassis create a rugged camera with a solid,
high quality, professional feel.
• Lighter and more compact body than that of the 10D features the Canon logo in relief
on the front of the camera, a revised grip shape and a sculpted shutter button surround.
• New software package, included at no extra cost, includes Canon’s new Digital Photo
Professional, EOS Viewer Utility and Adobe Photoshop Elements.
• Available in a lens kit with the EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 lens.
• New accessories include the BG-E2 Battery Grip, 580EX Speedlite, EF-S 17-85mm
f/4-5.6 IS USM and EF-S 10-22mm f/3.5-4.5 USM lenses.
• Accessory Data Verification Kit, DVK-E2, permits verification of original, untampered
image data.
II. SUMMARY OF FEATURES
7
III. NEW AND IMPROVED
DESIGN FEATURES
New Technology
CMOS Image Sensor
and Microlenses
The Canon EOS 20D has 1.7 million more pixels on its
CMOS sensor than the EOS 10D’s similarly sized unit,
so each pixel must be smaller. However, advances in
technology have made it possible for the EOS 20D to
have the same ISO range as the 10D, a higher default
ISO, lower noise, higher dynamic range, higher resolution
CMOS sensor
and a brighter finder than the 10D. Incorporating
advances first seen in the EOS-1D Mark II, Canon has increased the size of the on-chip
light-gathering microlenses while reducing the gaps between them to half the size
found on the EOS 10D. The result is much greater efficiency and much less light lost.
Furthermore, Canon has improved the design of the photo diodes in the CMOS sensor
by eliminating transistors in each pixel, making a greater portion of the surface area of
each pixel sensitive to light.
Microlens gap
Null area
Photodiode
EOS 10D
EOS 20D
The all-new 8.2 megapixel CMOS sensor in the 20D was not only designed and
manufactured by Canon, but also made with equipment that was designed and
manufactured by Canon. Many benefits derive from Canon’s total control of the production
process. All associated circuits and devices, such as the Canon-developed color filter
and on-chip microlenses; the 2nd-generation, on-chip, noise-filtering circuit; the 4 channel
reading; the low-noise, high-speed output amp; the infrared-blocking low-pass filter and
the power-saving circuitry were designed and optimized from their beginnings to work
with the new sensor, and vice versa.
New High-Speed
Continuous Shooting
The Canon EOS 20D permits continuous shooting of 8.2 megapixel JPEG images, at Large/Fine
recording quality, in both the One-Shot AF and AI Servo AF modes at 5 frames-per-second
for up to 23 frames. Up to 6 frames can be shot continuously in RAW or RAW+JPEG.
New High-Speed
Response
Refinements in the EOS 20D’s system control algorithms permit multiple functions to be
performed simultaneously. The startup time of the EOS 20D is just 0.2 second from Off. The
shutter release lag time is a class-leading 65 milliseconds, and viewfinder blackout time
has been reduced to 115 msec., both thanks in part to the new high-speed mirror drive.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
8
New DIGIC II Image
Processor
The new DIGIC II Image Processor shares much of its
technology with the DIGIC II in the Canon EOS-1D Mark II.
It features a newly developed signal processing algorithm,
4-channel, high-speed signal reading and lower power
consumption. The DIGIC II boasts improved color
reproduction of high-saturation, bright subjects, improved
auto white balance precision, and wider dynamic range in
DIGIC II Image Processor
highlight areas.
Several design features work together to achieve this performance: The new Canon
designed and manufactured CMOS sensor allows 4-channel x 16 MHz data reading. The
DIGIC II Image Processor provides high-speed parallel data processing for each sensor
output channel, and a huge increase in write speed to the CompactFlash card. The highspeed mirror drive mechanism (mirror up/down, shutter cock/release) is normally found
only in pro-level cameras. In concert with the new, compact and fast shutter unit, it
reduces finder blackout time, returning the EOS 20D to focusing, metering and firing
again in less time. The data writing process 4-channel reading
is now performed simultaneously with
shooting, rather than after image recording
has stopped, affording a major reduction in the
time taken for the buffer to clear. Additionally,
the buffer does not need to be empty for image
recording to continue.
Noise Reduction
2-channel reading
Fixed-pattern noise was so minimal in the EOS 10D, even in long exposures, that the
camera required no noise reduction feature. Recent advances in Canon’s EOS digital
technology and ultra-low noise CMOS sensors mean that one can now photograph the
heavens in the night sky with very low noise. In the EOS 20D, noise has been reduced
even further.
The new second-generation, 3-stage on-chip noise reduction circuit cuts the creation of
undesirable artifacts by amplifying the sensor’s output signal in slow-read steps. The
circuit features a new low-noise gain amp and offset reduction. The new CMOS sensor
produces less noise to begin with because of more efficient light-gathering microlenses;
greater input requires less amplification. The digital control circuit board has low-noise
amplification. Two of its ten layers are dedicated ground layers, further reducing noise.
The cumulative result of these improvements is lower noise in all images, but especially
those shot at ISO 400 and higher. In fact, the noise level of the EOS 20D at ISO 1600 is
roughly the same as the noise level of the EOS 10D at ISO 400, an improvement of
nearly 2 full stops.
All circuit boards have been configured for low noise as well, and a long exposure noise
reduction feature (C. Fn-02-1) has been added. It starts working when the exposure is 1
second or longer and uses the dark frame subtraction method. Dark frame subtraction
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
9
image processing, which can be turned on or off by the user, takes the same amount of
time as the exposure. Even though the EOS 20D with its noise reduction feature turned
off produces less noise during long exposures than the EOS 10D, the activation of dark
frame subtraction produces maximum image quality during long exposures with the 20D.
All-New Autofocus System
Compared with the Canon EOS 10D, the 20D features
greater AF detection precision, improved focusing performance in low light and an improved focusing point layout. The 20D has a totally new 9-point, CMOS, AF sensor.
This new design, seen for the first time in the 20D, provides full cross-type performance with maximum apertures as small as f/5.6, yet it achieves up to 3 times the
standard focusing precision when used with EF Lenses featuring maximum apertures
larger than or equal to f/2.8. This is made possible by a new AF sensor design that features two sets of vertical line-sensitive linear pixel arrays for the central cross-type
focusing point. When an f/2.8 or faster lens is used, the camera automatically switches
to a wider baselength measurement system to maximize autofocusing precision.
The new central cross-type sensor also has a dual line vertical component with twice as
many pixels for horizontal line detection as the 10D, resulting in more consistent focus
detection. Similarly, the off-center focusing points feature a baselength that is 30%
longer than the type used in the 10D, resulting in greater focusing precision for those
points as well when compared to previous EOS models. This is the first time that an
f/2.8 compatible sensor has been used on a camera other than the EOS-1 and EOS-3
series of cameras.
The other eight AF points are single-axis sensors that are sensitive to maximum apertures
as small as f/5.6. Four of those points are near a golden section point, in keeping with
classical theories of harmony, proportion and balance in composition. Use of these four
points should help to make well-balanced, and perhaps lovely, images.
Thanks to the new sensor, focusing sensitivity in low light has been improved by 1 stop
compared with the EOS 10D. The brightness range for focusing is now EV – 0.5 to 18.
The new AF unit is configured to minimize ghosting. Unwanted light is blocked by
narrowing the field of view and the separator uses a low-reflectance material. Additionally,
the AF optics and framework have a low-line expansion coefficient and a low moisture
absorption coefficient that make them highly resistant to temperature and humidity
changes, thus maintaining maximum performance under all shooting conditions.
The EOS 20D has three autofocus modes in addition to manual focus: One Shot AF
(AF operation stops and locks when focus is achieved), AI Servo AF (tracks subject
movement and focuses continuously until the start of the exposure), and AI Focus AF
(automatic switching between One Shot and Predictive AI Servo). In the Basic Zone
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
10
modes, the optimum AF mode is set automatically. In the Creative Zone modes, one
can select any AF mode. In the Sports mode, AI Servo AF is set automatically.
Automatic
AF point selection
Multi-controller operation
Main Dial/Quick Control Dial operation
AF points can be selected automatically by the camera or quickly and directly with the Multicontroller. Press the AF point selection button and then move the Multi-controller in any of
eight directions or in at the center. Pressing the Multi-controller in the center will select the
center AF point. Moving the Multi-controller in the direction of the currently selected AF
point activates AF point selection and all the AF points will light. Similarly, if one presses the
Multi-controller twice in any direction, automatic AF point selection will be set.
An alternative AF point selection method is: press the AF point selection button and
then turn the Main Dial or the Quick Control Dial. If C. Fn-13 is enabled, one can skip
pressing the AF point selection button and just use the Multi-controller (C. Fn 13-1) or
the Quick Control Dial (C. Fn 13-2) to select the AF point directly.
In AI Servo AF with an EF 300mm f/2.8L IS
Predictive AI Servo AF
USM lens, Predictive AF can focus track a
subject approaching at a speed of 186
mph up to about 66 feet away. The 20D
uses statistical prediction, incorporating
the focusing data of past focusing opera-
186mph
66 ft.
62mph
38 ft.
31mph
Approaching
Subject
Speed
26 ft.
Closest distance to the camera for continuous AI Servo AF
(w/ EF 300mm f/2.8L IS USM)
*According to a test of all movable mirror type SLR cameras made by Canon (Feb.1, 2000).
tions. Because it can repeat more focusing
operations in a short length of time, the
Predictive AF control can operate effectively from the first shot, even for a subject
moving erratically. If the subject is not
moving, the AI Servo AF focus control is
very stable and will not permit the lens to
move, even minutely. If the subject moves
suddenly, the 20D will be ready to track
it immediately.
Autofocusing on the EOS 20D is speedy, thanks to the high-performance, 32-bit RISC
microcomputer and an improved AF sequence (AF processing front loading, SI illumination,
metering executed in parallel with the lens drive and mirror swing-up) to match.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
11
As with the EOS 10D, AF-assist is provided by a series of stroboscopic flashes from the built-in flash or an external, EOS-dedicated
Speedlite. The working range for the built-in AF-assist function is approximately 4m/13.1 ft. at the center and approximately 3.5m/11.5 ft. at the
other 8 AF points. Custom function 5 enables and disables this
feature. Optional Speedlite 580EX is equipped with a powerful
AF Assist beam that is effective at distances up to 10m/33 ft.
when greater distance is desired.
Speedlite 580EX on EOS 20D
New E-TTL II Autoflash
Algorithm
The new E-TTL II autoflash control uses the algorithm just introduced in
Canon’s professional landmark EOS-1D Mark II. E-TTL II takes effect when the built-in flash
or an EX-series Speedlite is used. It is no longer assumed that the AF point covers the main
subject. Now, when the shutter button is pressed completely, ambient light is measured just
before a pre-flash fires. For each metering zone, the ambient reading and the pre-flash reading are compared.
Areas having a large difference between ambient and pre-flash readings are selected.
Extreme differences suggest a highly reflective or specular object; these areas are
eliminated from calculations, avoiding underexposure. When a lens providing distance
information is used, this data is also considered in determining the presence and
location of a high-reflectance object. The selected pre-flash readings are added and
averaged and the output of the main flash is calculated. Even if the subject changes
position, reflectance or size, the flash metering remains highly accurate and stable.
New Built-In Flash
The new, built-in flash of the Canon EOS 20D supports E-TTL II and has an arm that permits
the flash center to be 18.6mm higher than the unit on the EOS 10D. This reduces the
chance that red-eye will occur or that the lens barrel will obstruct flash coverage. The
relative positions of the reflector and the xenon flash tube have been optimized and the
fresnel flash panel’s transparency has been increased, permitting a wider field of coverage,
up to a 17mm focal length (equivalent to 27mm in 35mm format), while maintaining
the same guide number as the EOS 10D’s flash unit.
The built-in flash and the new accessory Canon 580EX
Speedlite send color temperature data to the processor each
time the flash fires. This useful feature takes into account
a host of variables, including battery condition and flash duration, offering assurance of unprecedented color accuracy
and consistency from shot to shot.
The built-in flash’s retraction and pop-up
have been improved with rubber fitted to
the stopper in order to cushion the pop-
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
12
up. A new latch mechanism has been incorporated to reduce the gap around the flash
unit. A custom function can disable firing of the built-in flash an external Speedlite or a
non-Canon flash connected to the PC terminal.
New Precision Matte
Focusing Screen
The EOS 20D features a newly developed Precision Matte
focusing screen that has optimally distributed microlenses.
By controlling the microlens curvature, the overall light
distribution angle is determined. By optimizing the
microlens arrangement, the wide light distribution angle’s
characteristic is controlled as appropriate when a fast lens
is attached. Because of improvements to the shape of the
Viewfinder
microlenses, it is easy to distinguish the precise point of focus during manual focusing,
especially with lenses f/2.8 or faster. The new Precision Matte focusing screen has also
reduced viewfinder coloration and increased brightness compared with the EOS 10D.
Picture Size Auto Zoom
When the Speedlite 580EX accessory flash unit is used, the flash automatically detects
the EOS 20D’s sensor size. The Picture Size Auto Zoom function controls the zoom and
automatically sets the optimum flash coverage, effectively increasing the guide number
of the flash as well as the number of flashes per charge.
New High Speed Shutter
The EOS 20D has a newly developed shutter with a top speed of 1/8000 sec., user-settable in 1/3 and 1/2 stop increments (in shutter speed priority AE and manual modes)
and a maximum flash synchronization speed of 1/250 sec. First or second curtain flash
sync is possible. The shutter’s APS-C configuration allows a reduction in the size of the
unit, smaller shutter blades with lower inertial mass, and shorter travel distance.
Stronger magnets are used for each shutter curtain, permitting better control of the
blades. A semiconductor switch replaces the traditional sync contacts, ending scorching
and frictional wear while at the same time increasing the limit for trigger circuit voltage
to 250V. The result of these changes is a more rugged and reliable shutter unit with substantially improved performance.
Support of EF-S Lenses
EF-S Lens compatibility is another way in which Canon
has increased the performance and value of the EOS 20D.
These lenses project a cone of light that covers the APS-C
format; they are optimized for digital imaging. EF-S Lenses
are smaller, lighter and less expensive than those designed
to cover the 35mm format. To accommodate these lenses
EF-S 10-22mm
EF-S 17-85mm
f/3.5-4.5 USM
f/4-5.6 IS USM
in the EOS 20D, the mirror swing-up mechanism moves
the mirror back as it goes up. The mirror itself is smaller compared to the 10D. The EOS
20D shares EF-S compatibility with the EOS Digital Rebel. When purchased with the
zoom lens kit, the EOS 20D comes with the EF-S 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6 lens. Canon is
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
13
introducing the EF-S 10-22mm f/3.5-4.5 USM and EF-S 17-85mm f/4-5.6 IS USM lenses
simultaneously with the EOS 20D.
New Power System
Upgrades
The EOS 20D can be powered by lithium-ion battery
packs BP-511A, BP-511 and BP-512. The BP-511A holds
1390 mAh, roughly 25% more than the 1100 mAh of the
511 and 512. The new accessory, Battery Grip BG-E2,
which has an L-shaped grip and vertical camera controls,
will take two BP-511A, BP-511 or BP-512 battery packs,
Battery Pack
BP-512
or six size AA batteries. The AA batteries can be alkaline,
NiMH, or lithium. In North America and Japan, Battery Charger CG-580 will be bundled
with the EOS 20D. Conveniently, its power plug is built into the charger. It can recharge
the lithium-ion battery packs listed above in about 90 minutes.
Battery Pack
BP-511A
The date/clock backup battery has been switched to a CR2016, the life of which is
approximately 5 years. It is located in the power system battery chamber.
AC operation is possible with the accessory AC Adapter Kit ACK-E2.
To minimize the increase in power consumption caused by the new, high-speed, 4-channel
reading, the output amp’s power consumption is kept to an absolute minimum. Power
to the output amp is cut off during long exposures and, as with the EOS-1D Mark II, the
circuit-driving standard current is also cut off, resulting in less power consumption and
less noise. As a result, shooting capacity for the EOS 20D is approximately 50% higher
than the EOS 10D.
New Multi-controller
The new Multi-controller button near the top right corner
of the LCD is a breakthrough in the ease of operation of
digital single lens reflex cameras. The Multi-controller can be
moved in 8 directions: up/down, left/right and diagonally.
It can be used for AF point selection, scrolling during
enlarged playback, positioning of the trimming frame for
direct printing, and setting white balance compensation.
Multi-controller
White Balance System
The auto white balance has been improved from that of
the EOS 10D and the EOS Digital Rebel to make color
reproduction more accurate and natural. Moreover, with
DIGIC II and an improved algorithm, the white balance is
now more stable, especially at high ISO settings. Also,
color reproduction (natural reds) under low color
temperatures such as tungsten has been improved along with skin tone accuracy.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
14
There are nine white balance modes available on the EOS 20D: Auto, Daylight, Shade,
Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Flash, Manual/Custom, and Manual/Color Temperature
Set Directly. Especially including the last two, the 20D offers an almost infinite range
of control.
The EOS 20D has a remarkable new system that incorporates the flash’s color temperature
information in the image processing. When the built-in flash or the accessory Speedlite
580EX is used and the white balance is set to “AWB” or “Flash,” the white balance will
be much more accurate for low light photography.
White Balance Correction
As with the professional Canon EOS-1D Mark II, white balance mode settings can be
modified and refined on the EOS 20D. One can obtain the same effects as using a color
compensating (CC) filter or a light balancing (LB) filter. Each color can be corrected in up
to nine single-level increments. Both magenta/green and blue/amber bias can be set
separately or in combination on the LCD monitor using the convenient Multi-controller.
On the right side of the color display, “SHIFT” shows the correction information.
New White Balance
Bracketing
As with the EOS 10D, a single shot results in three bracketed images, each having a
different balance. WB bracketing is set on the LCD monitor with WB correction. “BKT,” on
the right side of the screen, shows bracketing information. One can bracket up to +/- 3
levels in 1-level increments. With a custom function, C. Fn-09, the bracketing sequence
can be controlled. As in the EOS-1D Mark II, either blue/amber or magenta/green
bracketing is possible. White balance bracketing can be used in combination with white
balance correction and even AEB, auto exposure bracketing, in which case 9 images will
be saved to the CF card. These are highly useful and powerful tools.
New Menu Features
The basic operation method (Main Dial, Quick Control Dial and
SET button) is the same as the EOS 10D’s
scrolling system. The three LCD monitor
menu sections are Shooting (Quality,
Red Eye On/Off, Beep, Shoot w/o card,
AEB, WB SHIFT/BKT, Custom WB, Color
temp, Color space, Parameters),
Playback (Protect, Rotate, Print Order,
Auto Play, Review time) and Setup (Auto
power off, Auto rotate, LCD Brightness,
Date/ Time, File numbering, Language,
Video System, Communication, Format, Custom Functions, Clear Settings, Sensor clean,
Firmware Version).
The EOS 20D has the tab (icon and color code) of the current menu displayed on the
upper left of the LCD screen. The upper right has a newly added indicator of what
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
15
happens when one presses the JUMP button (moves to the first item in the next menu
category). The function that prevents shutter release when there is no CF card installed
is now a menu setting instead of a Custom Function. This will prevent users from
forgetting to install a CF card, even in a Basic Zone mode.
The WB compensation feature has been added and both
the WB compensation and WB bracketing can be set on
0.6
the same screen. In Shooting> Color space, Adobe RGB is
Blackbody
White fluorescent light
now a separate setting that can be selected along with
radial locus
0.4
Tungsten
light bulb
sRGB. Adobe RGB can also reflect any image processing
Daylight
parameter setting such as sharpening, contrast, saturation
0.2
B: Blue
A: Amber
or color tone. Two EOS 10D settings, Image review and
G: Green
M: Magenta
Image review time, have been combined. Pressing the
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
CIE xy color graph
Info button while an image is displayed changes the display format of single-image playback. In Setup> LCD Brightness, the image and gray
0.8
chart are displayed together on the screen. Three new languages have been added.
Finally, and very usefully, if a CF card containing a firmware update is installed in the
camera, the firmware update will start when this item is selected.
There are two significant upgrades in the operation of the 20D with regard to menu
functions. First, after continuous shooting, one can still use the menu even while the data
is being written to the CF card. Second, the 20D becomes ready to shoot instantly when
the shutter button is pressed halfway, even during menu display or image playback.
New Superimposition
Newly developed superimposition display optics have been incorporated in the
Display in Viewfinder
viewfinder. The light from the superimposition LED positioned on the upper rear of the
pentaprism goes through the SI prism and pentaprism. This light is then projected in the
configuration of the AF points on the fine reflective surface of the acrylic reflective plate
between the pentaprism and the focusing screen. The result is a very bright and crisp
display that is easy to see in all light levels from very bright to quite dark.
New Custom Functions
The EOS 20D has 18 Custom Functions with 50 possible settings. Compared with the
EOS 10D, there are five new functions: C. Fn-02, long exposure noise reduction, works
with shutter speeds of 1 second or longer. C. Fn-08 is ISO expansion (to ISO 3200), off/on.
C. Fn-13 enables the AF point to be selected with the Multi-controller directly or with the
Quick Control Dial/ Main Dial. C Fn-14 changes E-TTL II from evaluative metering to averaging of the entire image for flash metering. C. Fn-18 adds original image verification data
automatically, for use with the optional accessory Data Verification Kit DVK-E2.
Four Custom Functions have been changed: C. Fn-03, Flash sync speed in Av mode has had
the flash sync speed changed to a fixed 1/250 sec. C.Fn-05 on the EOS 10D, “AF-assist
beam/Flash firing,” has been split in two, C. Fn-05 (AF-assist beam: Emits, Does not
emit, Only ext. flash emits) and C. Fn-07 (Flash firing: 0: Fires and 1: Does not fire- that
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
16
is, all flash units will not fire). C. Fn-06,
Exposure level increments, has been
changed to 0: 1/3 stop and 1: 1/2 stop.
Five Custom Functions have been deleted
from the EOS 10D: Shutter release without
a CF card, which was moved to a menu
setting; AF point registration and Assist
button function, both obviated because
the Assist button has been discontinued;
RAW + JPEG simultaneous recording,
replaced by 13 Quality settings selected
directly from the menu, and last, Daylight
fill-flash and auto reduction control of flash
exposure, replaced by C. Fn-14, E-TTL II,
evaluative or average.
In sum, these changes permit direct and
logical access to controls that can lower
noise, alter the interface between user
and camera according to taste and habit,
and instruct the camera about how to
calculate exposures. In just the first few
minutes of use, the EOS 20D will reveal
itself as responsive, intuitive and,
in fact, delightful.
Shooting Modes
Custom Function
Number
Setting
Function Description
SET button function
when shooting
C. Fn-01
C. Fn-02
Shutter release w/o CF card
C. Fn-03
Flash sync speed in Av mode
C. Fn-04
Shutter button/AE lock
button
C. Fn-05
AF-assist light/Flash firing
C. Fn-06
Exposure setting increments
C. Fn-07
AF point registration
C. Fn-08
RAW+JPEG image recording
C. Fn-09
Bracketing sequence/Auto
cancel
C. Fn-10
Superimposed display
C. Fn-11
Menu display position
C. Fn-12
Mirror lockup
C. Fn-13
Assist button function
C. Fn-14
Daylight sync and automatic
flash output reduction
C. Fn-15
Flash sync timing
C. Fn-16
Safety shift setting
C. Fn-17
Lens AF stop button
function
C. Fn-18
Add original decision data
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
4
5
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
0
1
Final Outcome
Default (No function)
Change quality
Change parameters
Menu display
Image Display
Possible w/o CF card
Not Possible
Auto
1/200 sec. (Fixed)
AF/AE lock
AE lock/AF
AF/AF lock no AE lock
AE/AF no AE lock
Enabled/Enabled
Disabled/Enabled
External Speedlite only/Enabled
Enabled/Disabled
1/2-stop
1/3-stop
Center AF point
Bottom
Right
Extreme right
Automatic Selection
Extreme left
Left
Top
RAW+Middle/Fine
RAW+Middle/Normal
RAW+Small/Fine
RAW+Small/Normal
RAW+Large/Fine
RAW+Large/Normal
0 - +/Enabled
0 - +/Disabled
0 0 +/Enabled
0 0 +/Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Preceding menu (goes to top when power off)
Preceding menu
Top menu
Disabled
Enabled
Normal
Change to HP
Change to HP (When held down)
AV± (Quick Control Dial: AF point selection)
FE lock
Enabled
Disabled
Front-curtain sync
Rear-curtain sync
Disabled
Enabled
AF stop
AF start
AE lock (during metering)
AF point manual Auto Auto Center
ONE SHOT
AI SERVO
Image Stabilizer operation
Off
On
Custom Function Chart
The EOS 20D has twelve shooting modes, seven Basic Zone modes (Full Auto, Portrait,
Landscape, Close-Up, Sports, Night Portrait and Flash Off) and five Creative Zone modes
(Standard Program AE, Shutter-Priority AE, Aperture-Priority AE, Manual
and Depth-Of-Field AE). All can be accessed with the Mode Dial on the
top left side of the camera.
Mode Dial
New Processing
Parameters
The processing parameters are controlled through the menu selection
Shooting> Parameters. There are six choices available: Parameter 1 is the automatic
setting for the seven Basic Zone modes (Portrait, etc.). This is equivalent to the “Vivid
and Crisp” default setting for the EOS Digital Rebel, and is intended to reduce the need
for post-processing for Direct Printing or other printing applications. Parameter 2 is the
default setting for the five Creative Zone modes (Aperture-Priority AE, etc.). This setting
features lower contrast, sharpening and saturation than Parameter 1, making it more
suitable for users who wish to maximize image quality with a computer prior to final output. The user may also create up to three custom sets of parameters, controlling
contrast, sharpness, saturation and color tone in five steps: -2, -1, 0, +1, +2. As noted
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
17
earlier, these settings can be applied to Adobe RGB as well as sRGB images.
Finally, there is a remarkable new monochrome setting, a
first for Canon digital single lens reflex cameras, which
permits the direct capture of black and white images. The
selectable controls in this case are five levels each of
contrast and sharpness; five filter effects (none, yellow,
orange, red and green) and five color tone options (none,
sepia, blue, purple and green). The filter effects are a first for all digital SLRs. They use
digital processing to provide alterations like those of color camera filters when shooting
black and white film: similar lightens and opposite darkens. Blue sky tones can be
darkened progressively with yellow, orange and red filters; green foliage can be lightened
with the green filter. The digital toning option creates images that appear to have been
treated in a toning bath. Goodbye toxic fumes and stained clothing.
Recording System
The EOS 20D is compatible with CompactFlash cards up to 2 GB and higher. The recording
options, selectable from the menu, are: JPEG alone in recording resolution of 8.2, 4.3 or
2.05 megapixels (Large, Medium or Small) with a choice of Fine (low compression) or
Normal (high compression) for each, Canon’s new CR2 RAW format alone, or a combination
of RAW plus JPEG in which all the JPEG options are available in addition to CR2 RAW.
RAW and JPEG images files are recorded separately on the CF card rather than being
embedded in one file. Embedding requires dedicated software to extract the JPEG file
from the RAW file, consuming post-production time and compromising security.
When the image is captured, main, secondary (EXIF data), manufacturer’s and
thumbnail information is recorded. The image recording format complies with both
DCF 2.0 and EXIF 2.21.
New CR2 Raw Format
The Canon EOS 20D incorporates the same new RAW format
featured in Canon digital cameras from the EOS-1D Mark II
onward. The file extension is .CR2 (Canon RAW, 2nd
edition). The RAW data records the white balance (preset,
correction, bracketing information), processing parameters,
and other settings. When a personal computer is used to
edit the image, all of these settings can be left “as is” or changed via compatible conversion
software such as Canon’s EOS Viewer Utility. Because it is raw data, the image can be
edited freely with image editing software such as Canon’s Digital Photo Professional.
Compliance
The EOS 20D complies with DCF 2.0, revised to support Adobe RGB, and Exif 2.21. Images
taken in Adobe RGB will have the Adobe RGB color space information, not the ICC profile,
appended to the Exif information. (If Adobe RGB is selected from the 20D’s Color Space
menu, all processing parameters are available.) Therefore, applications and devices
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
18
compatible with DCF 2.0 and Exif 2.21 (including Adobe
Photoshop CS) will be able to handle Adobe RGB in the
same way as sRGB. When software compatible with Exif
2.21 is used, images captured with the EOS 20D will
open automatically in the Adobe RGB color space. When
a printer that complies with Exif 2.21 is used, the printer
will adjust the color saturation of the print suitably. There
Y
Canon Digital Camera (sYCC)
Natural World
Adobe RGB
sRGB
X
Camera Direct Printing
is no need to worry about color space any longer.
As with the EOS 10D, the EOS 20D is compatible with
PictBridge, CP Direct and Bubble Jet Direct. It also
enables DPOF Print Ordering, Version 1.1. The
basic specifications are the same as those of the
EOS-1D Mark II. Printer communications can be
set to Normal or PTP with the menu’s
Communication setting. PictBridge, CP Direct and
PIXMA iP4000 and EOS 20D
Bubble Jet Direct all allow up to 8 steps of horizontal
trimming, up to 5 steps of vertical trimming, and a range of print sizes.
Direct Printing with the EOS 20D is significantly faster than the EOS 10D
or Digital Rebel because of the 20D’s DIGIC II Image Processor.
Construction
The EOS 20D’s top, front and rear covers are made of magnesium alloy which, although
it is costly for the price segment, is very strong and light and gives the camera an exceptionally solid feel. The body consists of a chassis made of stainless steel and a mirror
box made of high-strength engineering plastic. The mirror box is fixed securely to the
chassis to prevent the flange focal distance from changing because of static pressure
from an attached lens.
The exterior paint is a high-grade, black satin, leathery
finish with a finer pattern than before, adding to the
quality feel of the camera. The Canon logo on the front of
the camera is set in relief, another extra-cost touch that
heightens the perception of the 20D as a high-end product. Thoughtful details like the “finger cut” shape around
the shutter button and the gentle curves surrounding the
lens mount reinforce this perception.
The EOS 20D is both smaller and lighter than the 10D. The 20D is 100 grams lighter the
10D. The width, height and depth have been reduced by 5.7, 2 and 3.5mm respectively.
The shutter unit, mirror box, main mirror, pentaprism, focusing screen and viewfinder
optical unit have all become smaller as they were optimized for the APS-C sensor.
The 20D has nearly 100 fewer parts than the 10D. more than 50 of which are electrical.
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
19
The Digital Rebel digital control board was split in two so that a revised layout of parts
and a streamlined board shape could be employed, reducing size, giving more flexibility
in exterior design and making assembly adjustments more efficient.
The DIGIC II and the newly developed ADIC (Analog/ Digital Integrated Circuit) and TG
(Timing Generator) reduce parts count and aid reliability. The 5 hard and
22 flexible circuit boards have been more integrated, reducing cost.
The orientation detection circuit in previous EOS cameras had separate switches for
sensing horizontal and vertical. In the 20D, the circuit has one four-way switch that can
detect horizontal and vertical directions. One switch occupies less space and reduces
complexity.
New Accessories
Several useful and important new Canon products will be available at the time of the
EOS 20D’s introduction:
The Battery Grip BG-E2 uses two of the BP-511A/511/512
or 514 batteries that are used singly in the EOS 20D alone.
With the supplied size AA battery magazine, ordinary alkaline,
lithium or NiMH AA batteries can be used. The extra power
provides a useful extension to the shooting capacity of the
20D. Additionally, the BG-E2 has handy vertical controls
for the electronic control dial and the shutter release.
Battery Grip BG-E2
The new Canon Speedlite 580EX is a high-end flash unit
tailored to the digital era. It has a maximum guide number
of 58/191 at ISO 100 in meters/feet. It is equipped with
an AF-assist beam compatible with all EOS AF systems
and dial controls for easier operation. The built-in wide
panel now covers focal lengths as wide as 14mm even on
full-frame EOS SLRs, and a new catchlight reflector is
Speedlite 580EX
handy for bounce flash photography. The 580EX has a
new and intelligent auto zoom for image size function that effectively raises the actual
guide number for APS-H and APS-C size D-SLRs. Like the built-in flash on the EOS 20D,
the 580EX sends color temperature information to the camera when it fires. Both the
auto zoom and color temperature features will be made compatible with the EOS-1D
Mark II with a scheduled firmware upgrade. There are also 14 custom functions on the
580EX, 8 of which are brand new. The Speedlite 580EX has one new accessory, the
Compact Battery Pack CP-E3, which uses 8 AA-size batteries to reduce recycling time and
increase the number of flashes per charge.
Two lenses are being added to the extensive system of Canon optics. First is the EF-S 1785mm f/4-5.6 IS USM, a powerful standard zoom lens that provides an excellent match
for the EOS 20D. Its zoom range is roughly equivalent to 27-136mm in the full-size
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
20
35mm format. Its EF-S design is used to produce a small,
lightweight lens that still gives high image quality.
The IS designation means the lens has an Image
Stabilizer whose performance is equivalent to
approximately 3 shutter speed increments. The
placement of its component elements and the
coatings selected are optimized for suppression
of the flare and ghosting prevalent in digital
cameras. The second new lens being introduced
is the EF-S 10-22mm f/3.5-4.5 USM. This is the
lens that will return practical wide-angle photography to budget-priced D-SLRs. Its small size,
lightweight, reasonable cost and exceptional
performance eliminate one of the few remaining
annoyances with most D-SLRs, the conversion
factor which makes lenses designed for 35mm work longer effectively than their marked
focal lengths. On the EOS 20D, the EF-S 10-22 is the equivalent of a 16-35mm lens on
a full-frame camera, wide enough to satisfy the vast majority of serious amateurs and
working professionals.
The new, optional DVK-E2 Data Verification Kit is a significant advance for the use of
digital photography in forensic and law enforcement applications. The kit consists of a
dedicated Secure Mobile Card DV-E2 (SMC), a new SMC card reader with small USB
adapter, the EOS Data Verification Disk which is Windows 2000/XP compatible and a
manual. The system can verify that EOS 20D, EOS-1D Mark II and EOS-1Ds RAW or JPEG
image files have not been altered.
DVK-E2 Data Verification Kit
III. NEW AND IMPROVED DESIGN FEATURES
21
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
Camera Type
Imaging Element
Recording System
Type: Digital AF/AE SLR
Recording Medium: Type I and II CF card
Image Size: 22.5 x 15.0mm (0.89 x 0.59 in.)
Compatible Lenses: Canon EF lenses including EF-S Lens. (Focal length conversion factor: Equivalent to approx. 1.6x indicated focal length compared to 35mm format.)
Lens Mount: Canon EF mount
Type: High-sensitivity, high-resolution, single-plate, color CMOS sensor
Effective Pixels: Approx. 8.25 megapixels
Total Pixels: Approx. 8.5 megapixels
Aspect Ratio: 2:3 (Vertical:Horizontal)
Color Filter System: RGB primary color filter
Low-pass Filter: Fixed position in front of the image sensor
File Format: Design rule for Camera File System. Exif 2.21 compliant
Recording Formats: JPEG and RAW
File Size* (on CF card): JPEG: (1) Large/Fine: Approx. 3.6MB (3504 x 2336),
(2) Large/Normal: Approx.1.8MB (3504 x 2336), (3) Medium/Fine: Approx. 2.2MB (2544
x 1696), (4) Medium/Normal: Approx. 1.1MB (2544 x 1696), (5) Small/Fine: Approx.
1.2MB (1752 x 1168), (6) Small/Normal: Approx. 0.6MB (1752 x 1168); (7) RAW:
Approx. 8.7MB (3504 x 2336) (8) RAW + Small/Normal: Approx. 9.3MB (9) RAW +
Small/Fine: Approx. 9.9MB (10) RAW + Medium/Normal: Approx. 9.8MB (11) RAW +
Medium/Fine: Approx. 10.9MB (12) RAW + Large/Normal: Approx. 10.5MB (13) RAW +
Large/Fine: Approx. 12.3MB.
* Exact file sizes depend on the subject and ISO speed.
Folder Setting: Automatic
File Numbering: (1) Continuous numbering, (2) Auto reset
Processing Parameters: Parameters 1, 2; Set 1 to 3, monochrome
Interface: USB 2.0 High Speed
White Balance
Settings: Auto, daylight, shade, overcast, tungsten bulb, fluorescent light, flash;
Manual (Custom: read off photo quality gray card or white subject, color temperature)
Auto White Balance: Via image sensor data
White Balance Compensation: ± 9 steps in 1-step increments
White Balance Bracketing: ±3 steps in 1-step increments
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
22
Viewfinder
Type: Eye-level SLR (with fixed pentaprism)
Coverage: Approx. 95% vertically and horizontally (Coverage against JPEG Large)
Magnification: 0.9x (-1 diopter with 50mm lens at infinity)
Eyepoint: 20mm
Built-in Dioptric Correction: -3.0 – +1.0 diopter
Focusing Screen: Fixed, Precision Matte Screen
Mirror: Quick-return half mirror (Transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60. No mirror cut-off
with lenses up to EF 600mm f/4L IS)
Viewfinder Information: AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure (shutter
speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE lock, exposure compensation amount, AEB
level, partial metering area), flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed
sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation), warnings (exposure warning, improper FE
lock warning, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, no CF card warning, busy),
maximum burst for continuous shooting, shots remaining
Depth-of-field: Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Eyepiece Shutter: None
Autofocus
Type: TTL-CT-SIR with AF-dedicated CMOS sensor (TTL Cross-Type secondary
image registration)
AF Points: 9
AF Working Range: EV -0.5 -18 (at ISO 100)
Focusing Modes: One-Shot AF, Predictive AI Servo AF, AI Focus AF (Automatically selects
One-Shot AF or AI Servo AF), Manual focusing (MF)
AF Point Selection: Automatic selection, manual selection
Selected AF Point Display: Superimposed in viewfinder and indicated on LCD panel
AF-assist Beam: Intermittent firing of built-in flash, effective range: approx. 13.1 ft/4m
at center, approx. 11.5 ft/3.5m at periphery
Exposure Control
Metering Modes: Max. ap erture TTL metering with 35-zone SPC. (1) Evaluative metering,
(2) Partial metering at center (approx. 9% of viewfinder), (3) Centerweighted average
metering (in manual exposure mode)
Metering Range: EV 1-20 (at 20°C/68°F with 50mm f/1.4 lens at ISO 100)
Exposure Control Systems: Program AE (shiftable), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority
AE, Auto Depth-of-field AE, Full Auto, Programmed Image Control modes (Portrait,
Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, and Flash OFF), E-TTL II Autoflash Program
AE, and Manual
Exposure Compensation
ISO Speed Range: Equivalent to ISO 100-1600 (ISO 3200 available via menu selection)
Up to +/-2 stops in 1/2 or 1/3-stop increments (1) AEB (Auto exposure bracketing).
(2) Manual exposure compensation
AE Lock: Auto: Operates in One-Shot AF mode evaluative metering when focus is achieved.
Manual: Enabled with AE lock button. No AE lock in Programmed Image Control modes
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
23
Shutter
Type: Vertical-travel, mechanical, focal-plane shutter with all speeds electronically-controlled
Shutter Speeds: 1/8000 to 30 sec. (1/3-stop increments), bulb, X-sync at 1/250 sec.
Shutter Release: Soft-touch electromagnetic release
Noise Reduction: Settable with C.Fn-02 (Noise reduction for long exposures)
Self-Timer: 10-sec. delay
Remote Control: Remote Control with Remote Switch RS-80N3, Timer Remote Controller
TC-80N3 or Wireless Controller LC-4
Flash
Built-in Flash: Type: Auto pop-up, retractable, built-in flash in the pentaprism.
Guide No: 13/43 (at ISO 100 in meters/feet), Recycling time: Approx. 3 sec., Flash ready
indicator: Flash-ready icon lights on in viewfinder.
Flash Coverage: Up to 17mm focal length (equivalent to approx. 28mm in 35mm format)
EOS-dedicated Speedlite: E-TTL II auto flash with EX-series Speedlite. PC Terminal
provided, not sensitive to PC card polarity; maximum sync line voltage 250 volts
Drive System
Drive Modes: Single, Continuous, Self-Timer
Continuous Shooting Speed: Approx. 5 fps (at 1/250 sec. or faster for all recording qualities)
Max. Burst During Continuous Shooting: 23 shots (JPEG Large/Fine)/6 shots (RAW)
LCD Monitor
Image Playback
Type: TFT color LCD monitor
Monitor Size: 1.8 inches
Pixels: Approx. 118,000 pixels (Displayed pixels)
Coverage: Approx. 100% (for JPEG images)
Brightness Adjustment: 5-levels (settable with menu’s “LCD brightness”)
Image Display Format: (1) Single image, (2) Single image with information, (3) 9-image
index, (4) Magnified Zoom (single image) up to 10x, (5) Auto play
Highlight Alert: In the single image with information display mode, the highlight
portions containing no image information will blink
Image Protection
and Erase
Protection: A single image can be protected or unprotected
Erase: A single image or all images stored in a CompactFlash card can be erased if they
are unprotected
Menus
Menu Categories: (1) Shooting Menus [8], (2) Playback Menus [4], (3) Setup Menus [14]
LCD Monitor Language: English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian,
Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Chinese (simplified), and Japanese
Firmware Updating: Enabled by the user via file copied onto CF card
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
24
Power Source
Number of Shots
Dimensions and Weight
Working Conditions
Battery: One Battery Pack BP-511A/511/512/514 (lithium ion rechargeable battery)
Configuration
No Flash Used
50% with Flash
Body
(BP-511A)
Normal temp (68°F/20°C)
Low temp (32°F/0°C)
1000 frames
750 frames
700 frames
550 frames
w/BG-E2
(BP-511Ax2)
Normal temp (68°F/20°C)
2000 frames
1400 frames
Low temp (32°F/0°C)
1500 frames
1100 frames
w/BG-E2
(Size-AA NiMH x6)
Normal temp (68°F/20°C)
250 frames
120 frames
Low temp (32°F/0°C)
120 frames
40 frames
w/BG-E2
(Size-AA Alkaline x6)
Normal temp (68°F/20°C)
80 frames
60 frames
Low temp (32°F/0°C)
0 frames
0 frames
Dimensions (W x H x D): 5.7 x 4.2 x 2.8 in./144 x 105.5 x 71.5mm
Weight: 24.2 oz./685g (body only)
Working Temperature Range: 0 - 40°C/32-104°F
Working Humidity: 85% or less
• All the specifications above are based on Canon’s testing and measuring standards.
• The camera’s specifications and physical appearance are subject to change without notice.
Microsoft® and Windows® are registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and / or other
countries, Macintosh® is a registered trademark or trademark of Apple Computer Inc. in the United States and / or other countries. CompactFlash™ is a trademark of SanDisk Corporation. Microdrive™ is a trademark of IBM Corporation. Adobe Photoshop
is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated and its subsidiaries in each country. The other product and brand
names appearing in this brochure are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. TFT monitor images
shown in this brochure are simulated.
IV. SPECIFICATIONS
25
V. CONCLUSION
The Canon EOS 20D outperforms the majority of D-SLRs on the market today regardless
of price. Its superb image quality and fast, convenient operation make it perfect for most
of the situations encountered daily by working professionals and advanced amateurs.
Its system compatibility means its potential is vast. Its reasonable size and weight,
combined with its rugged construction, make the 20D an easy camera to live with. For
its performance, features and quality, its price is terrific. For its price, its performance,
features and quality are remarkable. The Canon EOS 20D offers the best-balanced
package of photographic excellence on the market today.
Contents ©2004 by Canon U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Excerpts from this material may be quoted
in published product reviews and articles. For further information, please contact Canon U.S.A., Inc.
Public Relations Dept., (516) 328-5000
V. CONCLUSION
26
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