Belarus | 82.2 Series | Service manual | Belarus 82.2 Series Service manual

OPERATION AND SERVICE MANUAL
BELARUS SERIES 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р
Eighth edition, revised and enlarged
Publication No.
Number of copies
pcs.
Language – English
Released for print
ATTENTION! IMPORTANT!
1. Make a thorough study of this Manual before operating a new tractor and follow the
instructions given therein.
2. Use season-specific diesel fuels as specified in this Manual.
3. DO NOT run the diesel-engine in idling for more than 15 minutes.
4. Keep in mind that diesel-start-up is only possible with the gearbox lever in the
extreme left-hand position (i.e. engagement position I or gear range position II).
5. When operating the tractor without using the rear P.T.O., set the driving pin of the
P.T.O. independent two-speed drive to position I (540 r.p.m.), the lever of the P.T.O.
independent synchromesh drive — to its neutral (midposition), and the control lever — to
its "P.T.O. Disengaged" position (refer to Section «Controls»).
6. Rear P.T.O. syncronized drive should be used at speeds not exceeding 8 km/h.
Otherwise, the tractor power train may suffer severe damages.
7. Run the tractor in 9th gear, with the higher gear range (range II) engaged, only.
8. A one-man seat is installed in the tractor’s cab; only operator should be in the cab.
An additional passenger seat (option) can be installed on request.
9. Remove sealing film or cut off bosses from polyethylene plugs on new storage
batteries.
10. DO NOT run the tractor with the transmission clutch engaged in full or partially.
11. When starting to move the tractor, first see to it that the parking brake is
disengaged.
12. When operating the tractor without universal-joint shafts, set the FDA selector
handle to the «force-engaged» position.
13. DO NOT operate the tractor in closed spaces, with lack of sufficient ventilation
(interchange of air). Breathing the machine exhaust gases can harm or cause death.
14. NEVER tow tractors «Belarus» 82.1/82.2/82P with the front driving wheels raised
above the ground. Violation of this rule can result in breakdown of the FDA drive
and/or prevalence of emergency conditions.
15. DO NOT lift the tractor front end Запрещается поднимать переднюю часть
трактора за передний буксир, который используйте только для буксировки.
16. NEVER start the diesel-engine and/or work on the tractor without storage batteries
installed.
17. Tow or push start of the tractor diesel-engine may only be admitted as a last resort,
lest intensive wear of diesel-engine parts should result.
18. Since Manufacturer, Production Enterprise «Minsk Tractor Works», pursues a policy
of constant improvement of products, the design of, and/or operating instructions
for, certain tractor assembly units and parts may incorporate modifications which
have not been introduced in this Manual.
Section 1. Introduction
2
1. INTRODUCTION
The Operation and Service Manual is
intended for operators and engineering
and technical staff dealing with operation
and maintenance of tractors «Belarus»
80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р. The Manual
contains
general
description
and
specifications of tractors, operating and
maintenance rules.
Long-term and reliable operation of the
«Belarus» tractors can be ensured,
subject to their correct handling and
timely maintenance.
Before using the tractor for the first time,
read the present Manual through,
understand and strictly follow the
recommendations given therein.
1.1. ABBREVIATIONS AND
CONVENTIONAL SYMBOLS USED
• SB — Storage Batteries;
(АКБ);
• ADL — Rear Axle Automatic
Differential Lock;
(АБД);
• TDC — Top Dead Center;
(ВМТ);
Tractor Component Nos.
Manufacturer’s nameplate with tractor
and diesel-engine serial Nos. indicated
MINSK TRACTOR WORKS
BELARUS
Tractor No.
Weight
Engine No.
Year manufactured
MADE IN BELARUS
• P.T.O. — Power Take-off Shaft;
(ВОМ)
• HSCU — Hydrostatic Steering Control
Unit;
(ГОРУ);
• HSB — Hydraulic Steering Booster;
(ГУР);
• SPTA — Spare Parts, Tools and
Accessories; —
(ЗИП);
• GB — (Speed) Gearbox;
(КП);
• FDA — Front Driving Axle;
(ПВМ);
• SMS — Seasonal Maintenance
Service;
(СТО)
• HDC — Haul-and-Draw Coupler; …
(ТСУ)
• MP-1, MP-2 and MP-3 —Maintenance
Procedure No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3,
respectively;
(ТО №1,№2, №3)
• HDC — Haul-and-Draw Coupler;
(ТСУ);
• UC —Unitized Cab; …………… (УК);
• ETH—
Electric Torch Pre-Heater
of Diesel-Engine;
(ЭФП)
• RHL—
Rear Hitch Linkage. (ЗНУ)
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 1. Introduction
3
Tractor Serial No. is duplicated on the on
the front part of the right-hand
sidemember (or on the right-hand plate
of the front counterweights).
Diesel-engine Serial No. is duplicated on
the manufacturer’s nameplate attached
to the cylinder block, on the right-hand
side).
Clutch No. (on the clutch housing, to the
left).
Gearbox No. (on the GB housing, to the
left).
Section 1. Introduction
4
Transmission No. (on the rear axle
housing, in the rear).
Front driving axle (on the FDA right-hand
housing, at the front).
Cab serial number
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 2.General Description and Technical Characteristics
5
2.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF TRACTORS
Tractors Belarus are designed to perform
a variety of farm jobs, in combination
with different mounted, semi-mounted
and trailer-type machinery and implements.
Besides, tractors can be assigned to fulfill heavy-duty works when ganged up
with earthmoving, shovel dredging, loading, post-hole digging implements; also,
they can be used on transport missions
and for driving various stationary farm
outfits.
Tractor Belarus 82Р is designed for an allround mechanization of growing rice and
rotation of companion crops.
All the technical facilities to be used in
combination with Belarus tractors should
be agreed with the Production Association «Minsk Tractor Works» (PA MTW).
2.1. TRACTOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION IN BRIEF
Wheeled tractors Belarus 80.1 (see
Fig. 1), Belarus 80.2, Belarus 82.1
(рис. 2), and Belarus 82.2 are multipurpose agricultural machines, Class 1,4
tf (14 kN). These tractors differ from one
another by the type of running gear: Belarus 80.1/80.2 – with one driving axle,
Belarus 82.1/82.2 – with two driving axles. The tractors are of a semi-frame
construction. Their skeleton consists of a
semi-frame, housings of the clutch,
change-speed gearbox and rear axle.
The diesel-engine forepart is fastened on
the front beam, while its aft-part is rigidly
connected to the transmission clutch
housing.
Index .2 means a modernized version of
the respective model, wherein one or
several updated assemblies or units are
installed, for example:
• the front driving axle with planet-andspur reducing gearboxes (on tractors
Belarus–82.2);
• bonnet, cab roof, cab mudguards of a
modified design (on tractors Belarus
80.2/82.2).
Tractor Power Train incorporates a clutch,
superreducer and speed gearbox, rear axle
with automatic differential lock-up, and rear
P.T.O. shaft with two-speed independent
and synchronized drives. Tractors with two
driving axles are equipped with a front driving axle (FDA) and drives — a transfer box,
intermediate and front universaljoint shafts,
and an intermediate bearing.
The Tractor Steering Control can be of
hydromechanical type (with a HSB body)
or hydrostatic steering control type, with a
metering pump (HSCU). The hydromechanical control outfit consists of a worm,
quadrant and the hydraulic steering
booster (HSB). The hydrostatic steering
control unit (HSCU) incorporates a
gerotor-type metering pump which is installed in the steering column on the front
cab wall, diesel-engine driven feed gearpump, a hydraulic cylinder located in the
steering trapezoid of the front driving axle
(tractors Belarus 82.1/82.2) or tractor fore
(non driving) axle (Belarus 80.1/80.2).
The HSCU is fed with oil from the hydraulic hitch linkage system tank.
Tractors with installed HSCU unit feature
a hydraulic drive of the rear-axle differential lock-up unit, whose control cock is
located under the slanted footboard of the
cab. Locking action is effected by pressing the pedal located to the left of the
service brake pedals.
The FDA Drive is effected from the speedchange GB to ensure synchronized rotation
of the front and rear wheels in any gear selected. The front driving axle is pivoted to
the fore beam, thus, ensuring its free rolling
motions. Provision is made for stepless adjustment of the front (for tractors equipped
with a HSB) and rear wheels track. To implove tyre traction performance, as well as
tractor steerability, additional counterweights can be mounted on the fore-beam
totaling to 220 or 510 кг.
Section 2.General Description and Technical Characteristics
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
6
Fig. 1. Tractor «Belarus» 80.1
Fig. 2. Tractor «Belarus» 82.1
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
7
The tractor Belarus 82 P, intended for
work on rice-growing fields, features increased ground clearance and, also, by
a modified propulsion gear – wide crosssection low-pressure tyres, with welldeveloped (scalloped) lugs and lowprofile tread pattern. An increased
ground clearance is achieved through
installation of an additional hub drive, as
well as the use of tyres of larger diameters. The rice-field tractor is equipped
with a FDA control and parking brake interlocking mechanism.
The Tractor Hitch Linkage System incorporates a hydraulic system and a rear
hitch linkage. The hydraulic system comprises an oil pump, distributor, draft control,
rear and external hydraulic cylinders. Tractor may be shipped as equipped with a
draft (position) control system or without
this system.
The Rear Hitch Linkage is a four-link
mechanism, with length-adjustable drop
links.
A RHL fixing mechanism is provided to
hold mounted implements at the extreme
upper position on transport missions.
When running with trailed machines, a
cross-bar with a hitch yoke can be used,
while on transport missions — install a
towing arrangement with a self coupling
device and a hydraulic pick-up hook.
Трактор оборудован пневматической
системой управления тормозами прицепов с пневматическим или гидравлическим приводом тормозов.
Electrical Equipment — d.c., 12 V rated
voltage.
Tractor (Unitized) Cab is a safety sealed
frame-and-panel structure, equipped with a
single torsion seat, adjustable to operator’s
height and weight. An additional seat (option) can be installed. Cab windows are
safety heat-absorbing monolithic glass. The
cab is furnished with a heating and airventilation system, a dome light, windscreen
wipers, sun visor, rear-view mirror. Natural
ventilation of the cab is achieved through
opened sunroof, rear and side windows.
Provision is made for the change of angle of
the steering wheel column within 15 deg., as
a matter of convenience when entering and
leaving the cab or operating the tractor, as
well as for height adjustment within 100 mm.
Also provided is a three-step sideboard and
handrails.
Installation of a unitized cab is paralleled
with installation of a small-size cab on certain tractor batches, against a separate order.
The diesel-engine cover is attached to the
radiator grille facing frame by hinges; in its
open position it is fixed with an arresting
catch.
On a separate order, the tractor may be
supplied with optional extras: a drive pulley, side P.T.O., rear P.T.O. shaft replaceable tail-end (21 splines), reverse-reducer,
additional counterweights, P.T.O.-2 tail-end
guard, wheels with 18,4L-30; 9,5-42 tyres,
starting pre-heater, automatic coupler СА1, hydraulic pick-up hook (ТСУ-2), pneumatic adapter, a cross-bar of the coupling
device (ТСУ-1-Ж), device ТСУ-З-К (hauland-draw coupler arrangement), breakaway couplings with bracket, coupling hoses, left-hand adjustable drop link, auxiliary
spacer-ring piece for mounting rear
wheels, first aid kit, additional seat, and
others. Besides, the tractor can be
equipped with a travel speed superreducer
which is purchased separately by the user,
on his own. Also, the tractor should be
equipped with a gearbox suitable for installation of the speed superreducer.
The left-hand cab door can be locked. To
open the door-lock from the outside:
• insert a provided key 1 (Fig. 2а) into
the slot in the barrel 2 of the handle;

A synchronized reverse-reducer is installed at
the Manufacturing Works (option), instead of a
downshift reducing gear box, and help quickly
reverse the tractor in any gear (ir = -1,07).
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
8
• turn the key to the «Open» position,
without depressing the barrel, and open
the door.
To close and latch the door, turn the key
to the «Closed» position, without depressing the barrel.
Fig. 2а.
2.2. BASIC SPECIFICATIONS
Tractor Overall Dimensions
In Figure: Б = B; В = C; Г = D; Д = E; Е = F
Description
A Length, mm:
Total
w/o load
over wheels
B Width, mm
C Height to cab top, mm
D Wheelbase, mm
E Rear wheeltrack, mm
F Front wheeltrack, mm
G Ground clearance, mm
80.1
80.2
82.1 (с ГУР)
82.2
82 Р
4120
3840
3650
1970
2780
2390
1400/2100
1450/1850
465
4120
3840
3650
1970
2800
2390
1400/2100
1450/1850
465
4120
3930
3740
1970
2800
2450
1350/2050*
1430/1990
465
4120
3970
3820
1970
2820
2440
1500/2100
1420/2000
465
4120
4020
3810
2370
3030
2450
1900
1900
715
* 1410/1970 mm - for tractor Belarus 82.1 equipped with a hydrostatic steering control
Unit (HSCU).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
9
Table 1
Unit of
measurement
Description
Value
GENERAL DATA
Tractor type
—
Wheeled, universal, Class 1,4 tf
Tractor make
—
Belarus
Tractor model
—
Belarus 80.1/80.2
Belarus 82.1/82.2
Belarus 82Р
Rated speed with downshift reducing gear
disengaged, in:
1st gear
2nd gear
km/h
km/h
2,50
4,26
2,71
4,61
3rd gear
km/h
7,25
7,84
4th gear
km/h
8,90
9,63
5 gear
6th gear
km/h
km/h
10,54
12,34
11,41
13,34
7th gear
km/h
15,16
16,40
8 gear
9th gear
km/h
km/h
17,95
33,39
19,40
—
Reverse I
km/h
5,27
5,69
Reverse II
km/h
8,97
9,71
km/h
1,89
2,05
2 gear
3rd gear
km/h
km/h
3,22
5,48
3,49
5,93
4th gear
th
th
Rated speed with downshift reducing gear
engaged, in:
1st gear
nd
km/h
6,73
7,28
th
km/h
7,97
8,63
th
6 gear
7th gear
km/h
km/h
9,33
11,47
10,10
12,40
8th gear
km/h
13,58
14,69
9th gear
km/h
km/h
25,25
3,98
27,33
4,31
km/h
6,78
7,34
5 gear
Reverse I
Reverse II
Least turning radius between kerbs, 1400 mm
wheeltrack, with the inner rear wheel braked
slightly:
Belarus 80.1
Belarus 82.1/82.2
Belarus 82Р
m
m
m
3,8
4,1
4,3
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
10
Table 1, continued
Description
Maximum weight of towed trailer (on paved
and unsurfaced roads of average quality)
Weight of tractor:
running:
Belarus 80.1
Belarus 80.2
Belarus 82.1
Belarus 82.2
Belarus 82Р
as shipped ex-works:
Belarus 80.1
Belarus 80.2
Belarus 82.1
Belarus 82.2
Belarus 82Р
Angles of gradientа (downgrade) for tractor
on dry ground without turf cover:
w/o trailer
w/trailer
Fording:
Belarus 80.1/82.1/82.2
Belarus 82Р
Temperature limits permissible for tractor
operation
Unit of measurement
Value
kg
12000
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
3770
3770
4000
4100 ± 100
4420 ± 120
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
3620 ± 100
3620 ± 100
3850 ± 100
3950 ± 100
4395 ± 120
deg.
deg.
20
12
m
m
0,85
1,0
°С
± 40
DIESEL-ENGINE
Type
—
Model designation
—
Four-stroke, with (fuel) direct injection dieselengine
Д-243
h.p.
(kW)
78+5
(57,4+3,7)
r.p.m.
2200
Fuel injection advance angle to dieselengine piston TDC (determined by meniscus
method)
deg.
20±1
Number of cylinders
Cylinder diameter
pcs
mm
4
110
Piston stroke
mm
125
—
16
l
4,75
—
1-3-4-2
Power rating
Crankshaft rated rotational speed
Compression ratio
Cylinder swept volume
Firing sequence
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
11
Table 1, continued
Unit of
measurement
Description
Value
Cooling system
—
Fluid, closed, with coolant forced circulation
Lubrication system
—
Combination type, with oil radiator
—
—
Four-spool, in-line, with booster pump
4УТНИ
Speed governor
—
Mechanical, all-speed, with fuel charge corrector
Injector nozzle
—
Fuel pump насос
Type
Make
17.1112010-10, 171.1112010-01
220 – 228
(21,6 – 22,4)
2
Fuel injection pressure
kgf/cm
(MPa)
—
Air cleaner
Starting system
Weight of dry diesel-engine, less clutch
Combination type, with dry centrifugal and inertia-contact oil bath cleaning
Electric starter, electric torch pre-heater
Kg
430
Fuels and Coolants To Be Used
Fuel grade:
Diesel fuel, main:
in summer – grade Л-0,2-40 or Л-0,2-62 GOST 305-82, of first and A quality;
in winter – grade З-0,2-35 or З-0,2-45 GOST 305-82, of first and A quality.
Diesel fuel, equivalent:
in summer – grade Л-0,5-40 or Л-0,5-62 GOST 305-82;
in winter – grade З-0,5-35 or З-0,5-45 GOST 305-82.
At -50°С:
main – grade А-0,2 GOST 305-82, of first and A quality;
equivalent – grade А-0,4 GOST 305-82.
Coolant:
main – ОЖ-40 или ОЖ-65 GOST 28084-89;
equivalent – Tosol А 40М or Tosol А 65М Std. Specs. ТУ 6-57-48-91.
POWER TRANSMISSION
Clutch
—
Friction, single dry plate, spring-loaded type
Downshift reducing gear
—
Two pairs of spur gears, doubling the number
of gears
Gearbox
—
Mechanical type, 9F+2R, multiple-speed sliding gearbox
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
12
Table 1, continued
Unit of
measurement
Value
Forward
—
18
Reverse
—
4
Forward
—
17
Reverse
—
4
Description
Number of transmission gears:
Belarus 82Р
Main drive
—
A pair of spiral bevel gears
Rear axle differential
—
Bevel, with four pinions
Rear axle differential lock-up mechanism
—
Friction clutch, sensor controlled
Final drives
—
Spur gears
—
Three spur gears
Brakes
—
Dry disk-type
Parking brake
—
Dry disk-type, independent
Auxiliary hub transmission reducing gearbox
on rear axle:
Belarus 82Р
FRAMEWORK, RUNNING GEAR
Tractor framework
Propulsion gear type
Belarus 80.
Belarus 82.1, Belarus 82.2,
Belarus 82Р
Tyres standard sizes:
—
Semi-frame type
—
Wheels on pneumatic tyres; rear driving wheels,
front directive wheels
—
Wheels on pneumatic tyres; rear driving wheels,
front driving and directive wheels
Front wheels:
Belarus 80.1
inch
9-20
Belarus 82.1
inch
11,2-20
Belarus 82.2
inch
360/70R24
Belarus 82Р
inch
16,0-20
Belarus 80.1
inch
15,5R38
Belarus 82.1
inch
15,5R38
Belarus 82.2
inch
18,4R34 (Ф-11)
Belarus 82Р
inch
18,4R34 (Ф-44)
Rear wheels колес:
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
13
Table 1, continued
Unit of
measurement
Value
Belarus 80.1/80.2
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
1,2 – 2,6
(0,12 – 0,26)
Belarus 82.1
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
1,0 – 2,1
(0,10 – 0,21)
Belarus 82.2
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
0,8-1,6
(0,08-0,16)
Belarus 82Р
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
0,8 – 1,7
(0,08 – 0,17)
Rear wheels
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
1,0 – 1,8
(0,10 – 0,18)
Rear Wheels, tractor Belarus 82Р
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
1,0 – 1,4
(0,10 – 0,14)
Description
Inflation pressure in tyres (depending on load)
Front wheels:
HYDRAULIC STEERING BOOSTER (HSB)
Hydraulic booster type
—
Hydromechanical
Steering control mechanism
—
Worm, spiral gear quadrant and HSB
—
Gear-type НШ10-В-3-Л
Pump type
Pump output
l/min
21
Belarus 80.1/82.1
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
90–0,5
(9,0–0,05)
Belarus 82Р
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
100 ± 5,0
(10 ± 0,5)
Maximum working pressure in the system:
HYDROSTATIC STEERING CONTROL UNIT WITH A CYLINDER IN THE STEERING TRAPEZOID
Metering pump
—
Gerotor, with delivery constant 100 cm3/rev. (160
cm3/rev.)*
Safety valve working pressure, to be tuned to
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
140+15
(14+1,5)
Impact valve working pressure, to be tuned to
kgf/cm2
(MPa)
200+20
(20+2,0)
Feed pump
—
Pump deliver 21 l/min (28 l/min)*
Turn mechanism
—
Double-acting hydraulic cylinder
Cylinder diameter
mm
50 (63)*
Rod diameter
mm
25 (30)*
Rod distance
mm
200
—
Spool-type
kgf/cm2
11,0 ± 2,0
(1,10 ± 0,20)
Rear axle differential lock-up cock
Working pressure of reducing valve, to be tuned
to
(MPa)
__________________________________________________________
* With FDA equipped with planet-and-spur reducing gearboxes.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
14
Table 1, continued
Unit of
measurement
Description
Value
HYDRAULIC LIFT SYSTEM
Type of hydraulic system
—
Universal, sectionalized-modular system
2
Давление срабатывания предохраниkgс/см
200–20
тельного клапана
(МПа)
(20–2,0)
2
Номинальное рабочее давление в систе- kgс/см
160
ме
(МПа)
(16)
Pump
—
Gear-type НШ32А-3 or НШ32М-3, clockwise
rotation
Pump drive
—
From diesel-engine through P.T.O. drive pinions
Pump delivery, not less than
l/min
45
Distributor
—
Золотниково-клапанный, Р80-3/4-222/111
для тракторов с силовым регулятором, Р803/1-222 для тракторов без силового регулятора
Cylinder
—
Double-action Ц100х200-3
Rear lift system capacity at 610 mm from
the hitch axis, with drop links at additional
kN(kgf) 18 (1800)
holes, not less than
Draft (position) control
—
Automatic, with movable operable sleeve and
follow-up spool (sliding valve)
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, CONTROL AND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
Система проводки
—
Circuit rated voltage
Current source
В
—
Lightening and light warning system
—
Single-wire, supply source negative terminal is
connected to “frame”
12
1150 W a.c. alternator, with a built-in integrated rectifier-regulator, two 12-V, 88 A•h storage
batteries, connected in parallel.
Two headlights of a “European Beam” type,
with passing and driving beams; working floodlights (two front and two rear) to illuminate the
work area; front two-section lights to indicate
overall dimensions and turn; tail three-section
lights to indicate the direction of turning, to signal braking (stop) and overall dimensions; a
number-plate light, light-reflectors; warning
light clusters signaling direction indicators are
ON, hand parking brake is applied; cab dome
light is ON; tractor-and-trailer lights (three
pieces).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
15
Table 1, continued
Unit of
measurement
Description
Value
System of emergency audible signaling (for
tractors equipped with an instrument cluster)
Buzzer (when oil pressure drops below the
permissible limit or coolant temperature rises
above the permissible limit)/
Control and measuring instruments
Oil pressure gauge in the diesel-engine lubrication system;
Air pressure gauge in the pneumatic system;
Diesel-engine coolant gauge;
Voltage indicator;
Fuel level indicator;
Electric tachospeedometer with a built-in diesel-engine motometer in astronomic time units.
It is possible to install an instrument cluster.
Warning lights: air-cleaner blocking, emergency
drop in oil pressure in diesel-engine, HSCU, airpressure in the pneumatic system, emergency
coolant temperature in diesel-engine, glower
plugs operation control.
Without funnel
Horn
Combination type
Plug-in socket to connect trailer’s electrical
equipment and inspection lamp
Heater fan electric motor
Power 90 W
Electric wipers
frontshield
Pantographic, single-brush
rear screen
Single-arm, singlebrush
Frontshield washer
Single spray-nozzle
REAR POWER TAKE-OFF SHAFT
Drive
—
Independent I, independent II, synchronized
P.T.O. shaft rotational speed, with the drive
position:
independent I
r.p.m.
540
independent II
r.p.m.
1000
rev./m
3,5
synchronized:
Belarus 80.1
Belarus 82.1/82.2
travel
distance
Belarus 82Р
rev./m
3,6
travel
distance
Replaceable tail-end, number of splines
—
8 and 21
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
16
Table 1, continued
Unit of
measurement
Description
Type
Value
REAR HITCH LINKAGE FIXING MECHANISM
—
Mechanical
TRAILER BRAKES CONTROL DRIVE
Pneumatic, single-line, interlocked with tractor
Type
—
brakes
2
Pneumatic system pressure maintained by a
kgf/cm
from 6,5 to 8,0
regulator
(MPa)
(from 0,65 to 0,80)
Pressure in the pneumatic system limited by a
kgf/cm2
8,5 – 10,0
relief valve
(MPa)
(0,85 – 1,00)
OPTIONAL EXTRAS (DELIVERED ON REQUEST AT EXTRA PRICE)
Drive pulley:
• pulley mechanism
— Bevel reduction gearbox
• diameter
mm
300
• width
mm
200
• drive
—
From rear P.T.O. shaft
Pulley rotational speed, with control levers position:
859
independent I
r.p.m.
independent II
Side power take-off shaft:
• drive
Rotational speed at rated diesel-engine duty:
• w/o downshift reducing gearing
• with downshift reducing gearing
Wheels with tyres:
tyre type – rear
Purpose
r.p.m.
1590
—
Dependent on the gearbox
r.p.m.
754
r.p.m.
570
—
—
Pneumatic, low-pressure
18,4R30 or 18,4L–30 (18,4/78-30) for road-building
and other specialized operations.
9,5–42 for row-crop jobs in narrow row spacing;
16,9R38 for row-crop jobs, larger-section
mm
48
Haul-and-draw arrangement ТСУ-3К
hook jaw width
Position of towing hook relative ground:
• position I
• положение II
Haul-and-draw arrangement ТСУ-1Ж
Vertical load on hitch yoke, not more than
Possible displacement of hitch point
in horizontal plane, to either side from midposition
in vertical plane from ground
For tractor Belarus 82Р
mm
775
mm
950
— To gang up with trailer-type machinery
kgf (кN)
650 (6,5)
mm
mm
mm
up to 160 mm, at 80-mm intervals
200 – 500 (steplessly)
455 – 755 (steplessly)
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 2. General description and technical characteristics
8
Table 1, continued
Description
Unit of
measurement
Value
Hydraulic hook (device ТСУ-2)
—
Type
Rigid, with mechanical fixing in transport position, controlled by the tractor hydraulic system
Vertical trailer-induced load on the hook, not
more than
kgf (kN)
1400 (14)
Nominal distance when in transport position,
from hook axis:
• to P.T.O. shaft axis
mm
217
• to P.T.O. shaft end-face
mm
160
Hook jaw
mm
55
Trailer pole loop inner diameter
mm
70
Automatic coupler
Type
—
СА-1
Break-away couplings in assy with bracket
—
To protect hoses rupture under axial forces
(purpose)
applied.
Coupling hoses (purpose)
—
To couple hydraulic system of the tractor and
that of agricultural machines.
Travel speed superreducer
—
Mechanical type МХУ-0,5; hydromechanical type
ГХУ-0,5 (to be provided by the user)
Starting pre-heater
—
Steam-liquid type ПЖБ-200Г
Additional counterweights, front-mounted
pcs
10
• weight of one counterweight
kg
20 or 45
Pneumoadaptor
—
For driving trailer hydraulic brakes.
Rear P.T.O. shaft replaceable tail-end
Rear P.T.O. taol-enf guard
Auxiliary spacer-ring piece for rear wheel twinning
FRONT DRIVING AXLE FOR TRACTORS МТW-82.1/82.2, МТW-82Р
Drive
—
Main drive
Differential
—
—
Final drives
—
Propeller shafts
—
Transfer box
—
Freewheeling clutch lock-up and clutch disengagement mechanism
Intermediate bearing
—
From transfer box, by two propeller shaft
through an intermediate bearing.
A pair of bevel gears, with spiral teeth
Bevel gearing, self-locking, with a differential
spider and friction clutches.
Wheel-hub transmission with two bevel gear
pairs *)
Universal joints, splined to the intermediate
bearing.
Reducing gearing with spur gears and a freewheeling clutch.
Movable clutch gear
—
With two sliding flanges and a safety clutch.
____________________________________________________________________
*) Epicyclic spur reducing gearboxes of wheel-hub transmissions – for tractors Belarus 82.2.
Section 3. Safety Requirements
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
18
3. SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
3.1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
3.1.1.
3.1.2.
Close observance of safety requirements ensures longer useful life and safe operation of the
tractor.
Only persons not younger than
17, holders of a tractor driving license, who have been briefed on
accident and fire prevention, may
be admitted to run the tractor.
ATTENTION!
3.1.3. The shift time utilization factor
should not exceed 0,7. It means
that the shift time consists of the
time of tractor operation proper
plus the time for daily (intershift)
maintenance, preparation and
termination of works, tunning-up
and adjustment, removing troubles detected, idle trips to operation sites, and time for rest.
3.3.3.
3.3.4.
3.3.5.
3.3.6.
3.4. SAFETY REGULATIONS WHEN
RUNNING THE TRACTOR
3.4.1.
3.2. INSTRUCTIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION AND DE-PRESERVATION
3.2.1.
3.2.2.
During tractor transportation and
handling, be sure to follow the
requirements specified under
subsection 6.9.14.
On depreservation of the tractor
an/or auxiliary equipment, follow
fire prevention instructions, as well
as sanitary requirements when
dealing with chemical agents and
goods, cleaning cloth, rag wastes
and oiled paper.
3.4.2.
3.4.3.
3.4.4.
3.3. REQUIREMENTS ON TRACTOR
OPERABLE CONDITION
3.3.1.
3.3.2.
The tractor should be run in
properly, in accordance with the
instructions under 5.3.
The tractor should have no missing parts and serviceable.
DO NOT allow dismantling of
design-stipulated protective enclosures and/or safeguards from
the tractor, as well as other parts
and/or assembly units which affect its safe operation (the locking mechanism of the GB 9th
gear, rear P.T.O. enclosure, and
others).
The technical condition of the
braking system, steering controls
and running gear should conform
to safety requirements of relevant standards and the present
Manual.
Tractor controls should demonstrate positive locking in their
operative positions.
No leaks of electrolyte, water,
fuel and/or oil can be admitted.
3.4.5.
DO NOT carry passengers.
(When the tractor is equipped
with an unitized cab, a passenger in the machine is admissible,
if an additional seat is installed).
NEVER work on a tractor with
defective measuring and/or control devices and gauges.
DO NOT admit smoking of the
diesel-engine or substantial drop
in r.p.m. due to overload.
On emergency and/or excessive
increase in diesel-engine crankshaft r.p.m., cut off fuel feed immediately and pull the dieselengine emergency stop knob towards yourself.
Independent drive of the rear
P.T.O. should be engaged only
on an out-of-operation dieselengine; while the synchronous
drive — when the transmission
clutch is disengaged.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 3. Safety Requirements
19
3.4.6.
3.4.7.
3.4.8.
3.4.9.
3.4.10.
3.4.11.
3.4.12.
3.4.13.
When operating the tractor with
the rear P.T.O. shaft not in use,
set the drive stem and the control lever in the neutral and the
disengaged positions, respectively
With a hauling device installed,
DO NOT use the rear hitch linkage outfit. Lock the СА-1А automatic coupler dog by means of a
spring split cotter.
With a P.T.O.-driven machine
detached from the tractor, remove the universal-joint shaft
and close the P.T.O. tail-piece
with the hood.
Under no circumstances drop
implements by setting the distributor lever or the draft control
arm into the position "Forced
Drop".
Before starting the diesel engine,
throw the GB shift lever to its extreme left-hand position. Check
to see that the tractor, under it,
as well as between the tractor
and the implement attached and
the area around it are clear of
people during the start-up.
Before getting the tractor moving, make sure that the reserve
parking brake is disengaged, apply an audible signal and start
moving smoothly. When on hauling jobs, be sure to use the sear
belts (to be supplied on request).
Whist coupling to the tractor or
mounting
an
farm
machines/implements, the coupler
should be at a safe distance, until a complete standstill of the
tractor. Coupling (mounting) procedure shall be initiated only by
the operator’s signal.
Shift gears with the clutch fully
disengaged and at a low rotational speed of the diesel-engine
crankshaft, only.
3.4.14. If a fault is detected, stop the
tractor immediately and remove
the fault.
3.4.15. With the tractor combined with
farm machines and implements,
be sure to comply, in addition,
with the safety requirements for
using these machines/ implements.
3.4.16. When moving to another field
with the implements raised in
transport position, make use of
the rear hitch linkage locking
mechanism.
3.4.17. A mounted machine/implement
shall only be lowered to the
working position after the aggregate has completed the turn, and
raised before the turn is made.
CAUTION!
To avoid damage or breakage of the
rear hitch linkage system, DO NOT
turn the tractor aggregate if the tools of
the attached implement are buried into
the soil.
3.4.18. When tractor-mounted aggregates
are running in a column, intervals
between them must be as least 30
m.
3.4.19. When operating a tractor Belarus
82Р, before entering a check plot
flooded with water, first shift the
transfer box control rod rest to
the «P.T.O. Forced Engagement» position, to ensure safe
descent across the slope.
3.4.20. When running the tractor in the
dark, make use of operable and
switched ON illumination devices.
3.4.21. Cleaning, lubrication and repair
jobs on the tractor should only be
initiated with the diesel-engine
completely stopped and the
P.T.O fully disengaged.
Section 3. Safety Requirements
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
20
3.4.22. If you need to leave operator’s
seat, stop the tractor, throw the
gearbox lever to the neutral, apply the reserve parking brake,
with
the
brake
pedals
interlocked.
3.4.23. Running the tractor across
slopes of up to 9° steep should
be admitted only in day-time, at a
road speed of up to 10 km/h, and
with the wheeltrack of at least
1800 mm.
3.4.24. On operation and/or running the
tractor in close proximity to electric power lines, the distance
from the highest point of the aggregate to wires should be not
less than:
3.5.3.
Power line
voltage,
11 20-25 110 154-220 330-500
up to … kW
Distance in
horizontal
plane, m
1,5
2
4
6
9
Distance in
vertical
plane, m
1
2
3
4
6
3.5.5.
3.4.25. DO NOT operate the tractor
without front-mounted counterweights, when running with
heavy-type machinery attached.
3.4.26. With the P.T.O. shaft synchronous drive engaged, tractor road
speed should not exceed 8 km/h.
3.5.4.
3.5.6.
3.5.7.
3.5. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR
TRANSPORT AND HAULING WORKS
3.5.8.
3.5.1.
3.5.2.
When on transport missions,
obey traffic regulations adopted
for the territory of the country.
For transport jobs may be admitted only operators with tractor
driving experience of not less
than two years, who have taken
and passed examination on traffic regulations.
3.5.9.
Trailers to be combined with the
tractor should have a braking
system which is able to ensure:
а) braking the trailer on the run;
b) applying the brake when the
trailer disconnects from the tractor;
c) keeping the trailer when
parked on a slope;
г) preventing the trailer from
pushing actions against the tractor in cases of abrupt changes in
speed; the trailer should be connected to the tractor with a safety
chain.
Carrying people in trailers must
be barred under any circumstances.
On a tractor equipped with hydraulic pick-up hook, lock the
hook axle by means of a mechanical grip, lest the trailer release from the tractor or breakage occur.
Before operating the tractor, turn
on the compressor, check the
condition of the brake pneumatic
drive, air pressure in the pneumatic system. Remove detected
faults. Connect the pneumatic
coupling head of the trailer to
that of the tractor, whilst the reserve parking brake is applied.
Tractor and trailer should be in a
serviceable condition. The brake
pedals should be interlocked.
On turns the road speed should
no exceed 5 km/h, while on a
slippery road – 3 km/h. Go downhill in 1st or 2nd gear. Road
speed on access ways and in
passageways should be no more
than 10 km/h; tractor Belarus-82Р
road speed in this case should
not exceed 27 km/h.
The tractor wheeltrack should be
1800 mm.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 3. Safety Requirements
21
3.5.10. On loading (unloading) the trailer, brake the tractor by means of
the reserve parking brake.
3.5.11. Towing of a tractor with the hydraulic steering booster inoperative may be admitted at a road
speed of 10 km/h, max. and for a
distance of up to 5 km.
3.5.12. A tractor-and-trailer combination
employed on public roads
should, in conformity with the
traffic regulations, have an illuminated identification sign.
3.5.13. When on a slippery road, carry
out transport jobs, with the ADL
mechanism in gear, at a road
speed of 10 km/h, max.
3.6.6.
3.6. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR
MAINTENANCE SERVICE
SCHEDULES
3.6.8.
3.6.1.
3.6.2.
3.6.3.
3.6.4.
3.6.5.
Perform maintenance servicing
operations on a stopped dieselengine and with the P.T.O. disengaged. Attached machines
and implements should be lowered, the tractor braked.
To raise the tractor, make use of
jacks; then, place supports,
props under the front axle, rear
wheels axle-shafts or location
parts of the tractor framework.
If using a hoisting gear, be sure
to closely follow relevant safety
instructions.
On examining parts and units
subject to close control and adjustment, make use of a portable
lamp with voltage requirement no
more than 36 V. The lamp
should be protected with a wire
screen.
Tools and appliances intended
for maintenance schedule operations should be in good working
order, match their designation
and afford safety in execution of
jobs.
3.6.7.
3.6.9.
3.6.10.
3.6.11.
3.6.12.
3.6.13.
The use of a pressure gauge to
control tyre inflation is a must.
When servicing storage batteries:
а) keep electrolyte away from
skin;
b) clean the storage batteries
with rags moistened in an ammonium hydrate solution (liquid
ammonia);
c) to attain correct level of electrolyte, add only distilled water;
d) NEVER try to check the state
of storage battery charge by
short-circuiting the terminals;
e) DO NOT connect the storage
battery in opposite polarity.
To avoid burns, take care when
opening the water radiator filler
plug and draining hot water from
the cooling system and/or oil
from
the
diesel-engine
crankcase, power train housings,
P.T.O. and the hydraulic system
tank.
Mount and dismantle the dieselengine by means of a rope attached to the eye-bolts provided
on the diesel-engine.
When dismantling the rear
P.T.O. control mechanism, release the mechanism from the
action of the servo-unit spring by
driving out the lever stop bolt.
Repairs jobs which require welding immediately on the tractor
should be performed with the
«frame ground» switch in the
OFF position.
DO NOT check the alternator by
closing the leads to «frame
ground».
Before dismantling the clutch assembly from the diesel-engine
flywheel, it is essential that the
pressure and thrust disks be
connected with special coupling
bolts provided for the purpose,
Section 3. Safety Requirements
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
22
lest the compression springs expand.
3.7. FIRE PREVENTION
REQUIREMENTS
3.7.1. The tractor should be equipped
with fire-fighting equipment—a
spade and a fire extinguisher.
NEVER operate the tractor without fire-fighting equipment.
3.7.2. The tractor parking lots, and fuel
and lubricant depots should be
plowed around to make a strip 3
m wide and equipped with firefighting equipment.
3.7.3. Refill the tractor with fuels and
lubricants using mechanized
means, with diesel-engine fully
stopped. At night, make use of a
light-up facility. DO NOT refill the
fuel tanks using a bucket.
3.7.4. Clean parts and assembly units
from vegetable leftovers when
carrying out repair jobs under
field conditions, using electric arc
and gas welding.
3.7.5. Keep the manifold and silencer
clean from dust, fuel and/or
straw, etc.
3.7.6. DO NOT allow straw to be taken
up by rotating parts of the machines ganged with the tractor.
3.7.7. Take adequate measures that
eliminate possible inflammation
of flushing fluid vapors when
washing/cleansing parts and/or
assembly units.
3.7.8. NEVER operate the tractor in
fire-hazardous locations, with its
hood and other protective devices removed from hot parts of the
diesel-engine.
3.7.9. NEVER use naked flame to heat
oil in the Diesel-engine oil sump,
as well as when refueling the fuel
tanks or burning out the core of
the radiator.
3.7.10. Whenever a place of spontaneous ignition is detected, cover it
with tarpaulin, sacking or any
other dense, thick material. Use
a carbon dioxide fire extinguisher
for the purpose. NEVER attempt
to put out burning fuel with water
3.7.11. Keep an eye that easy inflammable materials are well away
from the exhaust manifold and
the silencer.
3.7.12. When making hay and straw, in
areas with higher fire-hazard,
use spark quenchers in the exhaust system, complete with a silencer, or as a separate facility.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 3. Safety Requirements
23
3.8. STORAGE SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS
3.8.1.
3.8.2.
When putting tractors for storage, carry out appropriate preand post-storage maintenance
services in accordance with the
requirements of this Section and
safety precautions as per GOST
9.014-78.
When in storage, always support
the tractor on axle stands,
bench, or trestle to preclude its
possible roll-off or spontaneous
tip-over.
3.9. SANITARY REGULATIONS
3.9.1.
3.9.2.
3.9.3.
3.9.4.
Fill in the thermos daily with
fresh clear water.
The medicine chest should be
completed with bandages, a bottle of tincture of iodine, liquid
ammonia, borated petrolatum, a
jar of household soda, menthol
valerate, and dipyrone.
Make use of natural ventilation of
the cab or the air heating/cooling
unit, as required by operating
conditions.
If the duration of continuous operation of the tractor exceeds 2.5
hours within the working shift, it
is necessary to use individual
protective means as per GOST
(State Standard) 124.051-87, to
muffle the noise (such as ear
muffs, antiphones).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 4. Controls and Instruments
24
4. DRIVE CONTROLS, SWITCHES AND INSTRUMENTS
4.1. TRACTOR CONTROLS
Figs. 3a, 3b indicate the cab layout and
location of tractor controls.
Fig. 3а
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 4. Controls and Instruments
25
1 —
2 —
3 —
I
II
III
4 —
5 —
6 —
stoppage
and
diesel-engine
emerge stop knob. Pulling the
knob towards yourself cuts off
fuel supply to the cylinders, and
the diesel-engine fades. On releasing the knob regains its initial
position.
cab heater control cock control
knob (if installed).
differential lock-up control handle
(on tractors equipped with a
HSB); it has three positions:
"Lock Engaged",
"Automatic Lock-up",
"Forced Lock-up".
cooling system radiator blind
shutter hand-wheel. On rotation
the hand-wheel clockwise, the
shutter is raised, while on rotation it anticlockwise it is lowered.
With lowering the shutter dieselengine temperature drops.
rear axle differential interlocking
pedal. When the pedal depressed up to the stop, interlock
is engaged; when the foot is off
the pedal, interlocked is disengaged.
engine start-up assisting aids
lever (ETS).
7 —
8 —
windshield washer switch.
light switch. It has two positions:
I — instrument illumination,
marker light ON; II — in addition
to position I headlights are energized.
9 — light alarm signaling push-button.
17 — direction indicator, passing and
driving lights switch.
19 — autoradio (to order).
20 — steering wheel height adjustment
mechanism cover. To change
the wheel height, back off the
wing-nut some 3-5 turns and set
the wheel to the desired height.
21 — windshield wiper switch.
22 — cab heater fan switch.
23 — rear floodlight switch.
24 — front floodlight switch.
24а— «Tractor&Trailer Train» sign light
switch.
25 — cab dome light and switch assembly.
26 — cab ventilation and heating
blower outlets.
Section 4. Controls and Instruments
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
26
Fig. 3b.
IMPORTANT! Make a thorough study of the purpose of controls and instruments, as
well as their functions, before operating the tractor!
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 4. Controls and Instruments
27
27, 28, 29 — hydraulic system distributor
handles: 27 — left-hand side outlets; 28 — right-hand side outlets; 29 — rear outlets. If the
tractor is not equipped with a
draft (position) control, then lever
29 controls lift linkage cylinder,
and lever 27 — left-hand side
and rear, interlocked therewith,
outlets. The hydraulic system
connection diagram can be
found on the instruction plate in
the tractor cab (see Fig. 4.1).
Each handle has 4 positions:
"Floating", "Forced Drop", "Neutral", "Lift". With the dieselengine running and when in the
"Forced Lowering" position, the
lever should be held by hand.
30 — tachospeedometer programming
panel (see Fig. 9.2).
31 — starter and instruments switch. It
has three positions (to be moved
from its neutral): I — instruments
supply; II — starter ON; the position to move counterclockwise
from the neutral — autoradio
ON.
32 — downshift reduction gear control
lever. It has two positions: forward — "Reducer Engaged"
(tractor slowed down travel) and
backward — "Reducer Disengaged" (tractor speeded up travel).
Fig. 4.1
In tractors equipped with a downshift
synchronized reduction gear control
lever 32 has two position, as follows:
backward — "Reducer Engaged" (tractor
slowed down travel) and forward — "Reducer Disengaged" (tractor speeded-up
travel).
Fig. 4.1.1
Section 4. Controls and Instruments
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
28
On a tractor equipped with a synchronized reverse-reducer, control lever 32а
(see Fig. 4.1.1) (as distinguished from
the lever (32), is bent leftward, if viewed
in the direction of the tractor running
straight ahead). The lever has two positions: backward — "Reverse Engaged"
and forward — "Reverse Disengaged"
(forward running).
33 — the interlocking strap of brake pedals intended for simultaneous application of the right- and left-hand
brakes.
34 — fuel feed (accelerator) control pedal.
35, 36 — brake pedals. When depressed
with the foot, the tractor is braked;
at the same time, the braking valve
of the trailer brake pneumodrive
operates (35).
37 — steering column tilt lock handle.
38 — педаль управления муфтой
сцепления.
39 — gear shift lever. On shifting the
lever forward, to its extreme lefthand position, range II (upshift) of
speeds is engaged; when pushed
backwards — range I (downshift).
Shifting is to be done in accordance with the diagram (see Fig.
4.2.).
40 — hitch linkage locking control handle. Extreme leftward position of
the handle — “Linkage Locked”;
extreme rightward position —
"Locking Relieved". As a preliminary, it is necessary to lift the
linkage to its upper position.
41 — transfer box control lever of the
FDA drive. Midposition of the lever
— "FDA AUTO", bottom position
(push) — "FDA OFF"; top position
(pull) — " FDA Forced Engaged ".
42 — parking brake control lever.
43 — draft control handle latch.
44 — fuel feed control handle. Extreme
forward position – maximum fuel
feed; extreme backward – minimum feed, which corresponds to
minimum idling r.p.m.
45 — draft control handle. The extreme
backward position of the handle
— "Tool Lift" (the handle is to be
retained by hand when lifting);
when released, the handle
moves forward and locks in the
position "transport neutral” The
intermediate position forward
from "transport neutral” — "adjustment zone". The extreme
forward position of the handle —
"Forced Drop" (the handle
should be retained by hand).
When released, the handle
moves backwards and locks at
the front end of the adjustment
zone.
46 — rear P.T.O. control lever управления задним ВОМ. Имеет два
положения: переднее — "ВОМ
выключен", заднее — "ВОМ
включен".
Fig. 4.2
47 —
48 —
49 —
SB & "frame ground" switch.
seat squab tilt lock.
safety belt attachment bolt
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance
30
50 — operator’s seat lock handle,
lengthwise. On lifting the handle
upwards to a stop, the seat is free
to slide forwards or backwards.
51 — operator’s weight seat adjustment
handle. Rotation of the handle
clockwise adjusts the seat to suit
greater weight; counterclockwise
rotation, adjusts the seat suspension to lower weight.
arrow on the handle is directed
forward) — "Compressor OFF",
right (the arrow on the handle is
directed backward) — "Compressor ON". Turn the compressor
ON when the diesel-engine is not
ruuning or at minimum idling
r.p.m.
Seat adjustment to height is carried out:
а) to increase seat cushion height – by
gradually lifting the seat cushion upwards; b) to decrease seat cushion
height – by lifting abruptly the seat
cushion upwards to a stop, with further
lowering (by push downwards, to its extreme bottom position; then, lifted to the
required, lesser, height.
52 — draft (position) control selector
arm. It has three positions: righthand — "Position Control"; lefthand — "Draft Control"; middle —
"Off".
53 — draft correction rate adjustment
hand-wheel. When driving it in
clockwise, correction rate decreases; rotating counterclockwise increases the rate.
54 — handle to control hydraulic pick-up
hook catches. Bottom position of
the handle means — "Catches Under Load"; top position — "Catches
Released".
55
—
rear
P.T.O.
independent/synchronous drive changeover handle. When moving the
handle to the leftmost position (if
viewed in the direction of tractor
head-on movement), the synchronized drive is initiated; moving to the rightmost position —
independent; and to the midposition — neutral.
56 — compressor control handle. The
handle has two positions: left (the
Fig. 5. In Figure: OFF
ON
Fig. 6. In Figure: OFF
ON
57 — hydraulic system pump engagement lever (see Fig. 6). The lever
has two positions: upper —
"Pump ON", lower — "Pump OFF
". To shift the lever, it should be
unlocked by drawing off the handle B.
58 — rear independent P.T.O. rotational
speed stem (see Fig. 7). When
turned to position I the 1st stage
is ON (540 r.p.m.), to position II
— 2nd (1000 r.p.m.). Back bolt
“A” one turn before changing
over; then drive it back full home.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance
31
4.2. TRACTOR INSTRUMENTS
Tractors may feature instruments panels
with individual gauges and devices (see
Fig. 8.1) or an instrument cluster (see
Fig. 8.1а) installed; also, the panels, or
dashboards, house in-line blocks of
warning lights (see Fig. 8.2), with three
boxes of safety fuses to protect electric
circuits located inside (see Fig. 9).
4.2.1. Individual Instruments
10 — voltage indicator. For interpretation of its colour-coded readings,
refer to Table 2.
11 — fuel-level indicator for fuel tanks.
Zones 0 – 0,5 – П (F= Full).
12 — coolant temperature gauge for the
diesel-engine cooling system,
with an emergency lamp to warn
of excessively low temperature;
the scale is divided in three zones
— working zone: 80-100 °С; nonworking zones 40-80 °С and 100120 °C.
Fig. 7
Fig. 8.1
Fig. 8.1а
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance
32
13 — oil pressure gauge in the dieselengine lubrication system, with an
emergency lamp of excessive
pressure; the scale has three
zones: working zone 1 – 4 kgf/cm2,
non-working 0 – 1 and 4 – 6
kgf/cm2.
14 — warning lamp in-line blocks. For
identification of warning lamps in
blocks, refer to Fig. 8.2.
15 — air pressure gauge for the pneumatic system. The scale with three
zones: working zone 5 – 8 kgf/cm2,
non-working zones 0 – 5 and 8 –
10 kgf/cm2.
16 — blind plug.
18 — tachospeedometer (see Fig. 9.1).
30 — tachospeedometer control panel
(see Fig. 9.2).
Table 2
Voltage indicator zone,
colour-coded
10-12
Red
12-13,2
Yellow
13,2-15,2
Green
Working zone
15,2-16
Red
12,7-12
Yellow
White mark in yellow zone
Interpretation of readings
Diesel-engine not running
On running diesel-engine
SB is discharged
Не работает генератор
SB is normally charged
No-charging condition of SB (too
low charging voltage)
Normal charging regime of SB
SB recharge
Commencement of SB discharge
Rated EMF of SB -12,7 V
Fig. 8.2. Warning lamp in-line blocks:
1 and 14 — Push-buttons to control operability of warning lamp in-line blocks. When these buttons
are depressed, all warning lamps should alight; 2 — Air filter clocked. The warning lamp (amber) lights
up when max. permissible level of filter bridging is exceeded, and it requires cleaning; 3 — Reserved for
future use; 4 — Start-up control lamp. This lamp (amber) lights up on turning the starter switch to «I»
position, thus, indicating that the diesel-engine starting system operation is normal. If flicking at 1.5 Hz –
the GB gear-shift lever is not in neutral or a fault in the diesel-engine start-up interlock circuit. If flashing at
3.0 Hz – a fault is in the alternator phase winding. Remove faults and restart the diesel-engine; 5 — Preheater control unit (PHCU): This lamp (amber) will light up on pressing the ETH push-button. In 30 seconds the lamp start flashing, thus, indicating that the starting system is ready for operation on cold engine; 6
— Emergency oil pressure in HSCU. The lamp (red); lights up when the oil pressure in the HSCU is
lower than that permissible; 7 — Reserved for future use; 8 — Driving headlight indicator: The warning lamp (bleu) lights up when the front headlights are turned to driving beam; 9 — Rear axle differential
lock-up warning lamp (not used); 10 — Reserved for future use; 11 — Tractor turn indicator
(green); 12 — Trailer turn indicator (green); 13 — Parking brake indicator (red).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance
33
4.2.2. Instrument Cluster
The dashboard face may have an instrument cluster 18b (see Fig. 9.3) (installed
instead of individual gauges and indicators
10, 11, 12, 13, and 15), and an electric
tachospeedometer 18а, with a control
panel 18c.
Tachospeedometer (18а)
An electrical tachospeedometer, installed
on the dashboard, functions as follows:
 With the tractor stopped, following setting the starter and instruments switch
to its «I» position, the display (7) indicates reading (5) of diesel-engine operation in hours;
 When on the go, the display enters
read-out (6) of tractor road speed
(km/h); read-out (5) fades away.
Speed electric signals are fed by
speed-sensing devices installed in the
rear-axle half shaft housings;
 With the diesel-engine running, indicator pointer (8) moves around the circular scale (1) to indicate the dieselengine crankshaft revolutions per minute. At the same time, the P.T.O. rotational speed (r.p.m.) enters display
(4). Scale (3) is for P.T.O. I and scale
(2) for P.T.O. II. A rotational speed
electric signal is fed from the alternator phase winding.
Fig. 9.1. Electrical tachospeedometer
1. Diesel-engine crankshaft rotational speed
scale, r.p.m.
2. P.T.O. II rotational speed scale - 1000 rpm.
3. P.T.O. I rotational speed scale - 540 rpm.
4. Display (LED) to indicate the rear P.T.O. rotational speed.
5. Diesel-engine operating time readout, h.
6. Tractor road speed readout, km/h.
7. Display (LCD) to indicate diesel-engine operating time and tractor road speed.
8. Pointer indicator to show diesel-engine crankshaft rotational speed (r.p.m.).
Tachospeedometer (18a) Control Panel (18c)
The control panel is installed on the dashboard, below the tachoxpeedometer. It
serves to program the tachospeedometer
by tractor models of different series, rear
wheel rolling radii, and makes and models
of diesel-engines.
ATTENTION! The tachospeedometer
installed has been specifically programmed for your tractor model back
at the at the manufacturing works. Reprogramming will be required when
changing tyre type, only. Unnecessarily interference with tachospeedometer
programming should be discouraged.
Fig. 9.2. Tachospeedometer control panel
1.
2.
Push-button for tachospeedometer parametric codes readout on display (7).
Push-button for tachospeedometer coded
values readout on display (7) when programming by tractor models, rear-wheel rolling radii,
and diesel-engine make or model.
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Section 7. Maintenance
34
Instrument Cluster Dial (18b) (Fig. 10)
Cross-hatched dial zones, mean:
— red
— yellow
— green
— amber
1. Diesel-Engine Coolant Temperature
Gauge with its temperature emergency
lamp (red).
The indicator scale has three zones:
— working — 80…100 OC — green;
— non-working zones
— 40 – 80 °С — yellow;
— 100-120°С — red.
2. Diesel-Engine Oil Pressure Gauge
with pressure emergency lamp (red).
The indicator scale has three zones:
— working — 1…5 kgf/cm2 — green;
— non-operating zones — 0…1 kgf/cm2
and 5…6 kgf/cm2 — red.
When starting up a cold diesel-engine,
up to 6 kgf/cm2 pressure is possible. If
the emergency oil pressure light keeps
glowing on a running diesel-engine, kill
the diesel-engine immediately and remove the fault.
3. Pneumatic System Air Pressure
Gauge with its pressure drop emergency
lamp (red).
The indicator scale has three zones:
— working— 5-8 кгс/см2;
— non-working zones — 0-5 и 8-10
kgf/cm2.
4. Tank Fuel Level Gauge with a reserve level warning lamp (amber)
The gauge has scale graduating marks,
as follows: 0 – 1/4 – 1/2 – 3/4 – 1.
NEVER consume fuel to a «dry tank»
condition
Fig. 10. Instrument cluster dial
5. Voltage gauge with its SB charge
emergency lamp (red).
For interpretation of colour-coded readings displayed, refer to Table 2 (see
Sheet 32).
Section 5. Final Assembly and Running-In
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
40
5. TRACTOR FINAL ASSEMBLY ON SITE AND RUNNING-IN
5.1. INSTALLATION OF STARTING
PREHEATER ПЖБ-200Б ON TRACTOR
To install the heater (see Figs. 13, 14),
follow the sequence, as follows:
а) install enclosure (5) on the dieselengine oil casing and fasten it with
four М8х16 bolts with washers;
b) assemble heater boiler (10), together
with brackets (18) and (6), with two
clamps (14), connect them with four
М8х14 bolts, nuts and washers; mount
a branch pipe in assy with hoses onto
the boiler, insert the boiler exhaust
branch pipe into the enclosure (5) throat
and fasten the unit with two М10х20
bolts through washers to the semiframe girder and with three М8х16
bolts, through washers, to the clutch
housing (М8х16 bolts attach the bottom
hatch of the clutch housing; М10х16
bolt with a clamp on the left-hand side
— a differential lock-up pipe);
c) fit fan (13) on bracket (16) in assy
with electric motor (15) and fasten
through a clamp with two М6х30 bolts,
washers and nuts;
d) install bracket (23) and clamps on the
left-hand side of the clutch housing
and fasten them with two М16х32
bolts with washers; attach electromagnetic valve (22) by means of a
clamp and М6х30 bolt, with nut and
washer;
e) install fuel tank (24) in assy with a tap
and O-ring, through two rubber gaskets onto the bracket (23), and fasten
with four М8х16 bolts, with nuts and
washers;
f) remove plugs from the left- and righthand sides of the diesel-engine Д-243
cylinder block and fit instead a waterdelivery (2) and water discharge
(4) branch-pipes, by first fitting gaskets and the branch-pipes; connect
them with hoses;
g) remove the heater boiler (10) together with the delivery pipe (2); locate
the upper part of the pipe (2) between
the girder and the diesel-engine
block;
h) couple the water discharge tube (4) to
the boiler (10) branch-pipe, as shown
in Fig.;
i) connect boiler and electromagnetic
valve (22) to fuel pipeline 20;
j) connect the tap (26) of the fuel container to the electromagnetic valve
(22) through hose 25;
k) couple fan (13) to boiler air branchpipe (11) through a hose; fasten the
latter with a coupling clamp;
l) on the cab front wall, on the left-hand
side, control panel (29), fasten it with
two М6х12 bolts, nuts and washers.
Not to adversely affect the tractor exterior, nuts and washers should be
placed from the inside of the cab. Insert a protection rubber sleeve into a
20 hole provided in the cab side
column and thread cable bundle 28 to
the preheater control panel. Connect
electric cable in accordance with the
diagram (see Fig. 14). Secure the cables in place with collars (to connect
the cable to a starter terminal of the
starting engine, it is necessary to remove the left-hand side panel of the
dashboard skirt).
NOTE: Tighten finally the coupling
and fastening clamps, and, also, bolts
with all the preheater units fitted and
mated. No water leaks through connections can be admitted.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 5. Final Assembly and Running-In
41
Figs. 13, 14. Starting preheater:
1 — plugпробка; 2 — waterdelivery pipe (to be installed on
the r-h side of the dieselengine); 3 — water jacket; 4 —
water discharge pipe; 5 — oil
casing enclosure; 6, 23 —
brackets; 7 — hot-gas supply
branch-pipe; 8 — glower plug
cable; 9 — glower plug; 10—
boiler ; 11 — air-supply branchpipe: 12 — fan flap; 13 — fan;
14 — clamps; 15 — electric
motor; 16 — electric motor
bracket; 17 — drain tap; 18 —
boiler bracket; 19 — electric
motor cable: 20 — fuel supply
pipe to burner; 21 — electromagnetic valve cable; 22 —
electromagnetic valve; 24 —
fuel tank; 25 — fuel feed pipe;
26 — shut-off cock; 27 — filler
throat cap; 28 — bundle of cables; 29 — control panel; 30 —
glower plug switch: 31 — check
glowing spiral; 32 — switch control knob; 33 — external jacket;
34 — coolant supply manifold;
35 — inner water jacket; 36 —
unburned fuel drain pipe; 37 —
baffle: 38 — combustor; 39 —
swirler; 40 — fan impeller: 41 —
hot water discharge branchpipe; 42 — electromagnetic
valve body; 43 — gland nut; 44
— adjusting needle; 45 — valve
saddle; 46 — valve; 47 — moving core; 48 — stationary core;
49 — coil; 50 — filler throat filter.
Рис.13.
Рис. 14
Section 5. Final Assembly and Running-In
42
5.2. RUNNING-IN OF TRACTOR
A new tractor should be run in during the
first hours, not less than 30 hr. Runningin is a mandatory procedure to be followed before putting the tractor into service. In the process of running-in tractor
parts bed in and, thus, contribute to their
long-term service. Insufficient, or incorrect, running-in results in a considerably
shortened service life of the tractor.
IMPORTANT!
DO NOT attempt tow starting of a new,
not run-in diesel-engine, lest untimely
and excessive wear of diesel-engine
parts results.
Before proceeding with the running-in, be
sure to perform all recommendations on
maintenance operations listed under 7.1.
Thereafter, proceed with running the diesel-engine under idling for 15 min.: 5 min.
at minimum r.p.m. and 10 min. with gradual inc rease in engine speed up to maximum. Running-in should be performed using the tractor on light-duty field jobs (sowing, cultivation, haying, haulage jobs) using the hydraulic system. Load the dieselengine to not more than 50 percent of its
rated power. DO NOT overload the dieselengine. See that the diesel-engine shows
no smoky exhaust or crankshaft r.p.m.
drop. During the running-in period keep
watch over the operation of all tractor
mechanisms, listen, from time to time, to
the diesel-engine and transmission run in
all duties, watch over instrument readings.
Upon completion of the tractor running-un
under load, service the tractor in accordance with the requirement under 7.1. Being convinced that the tractor is in good
repair, proceed with putting it to routine
service. The first 50 hours of tractor operation under service condition should be supervised by a mechanical engineer from
the dealer office.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
6. OPERATING AND ADJUSTING REGULATIONSG
6.1. PREPARING THE TRACTOR FOR
OPERATION
Before starting a new tractor, proceed with
operations as follows:
а) clean and wash the tractor;
b) check the storage batteries, and make
them serviceable following instructions
given in Subsection 7.6.12;
c) remove protective polyvinylchloride covers;
d) fit the radiator and cylinder block drain
cocks back in place; the cocks are supplied with the machine and enclosed in a
separate packing case;
e) unpack the silencer which is stored in the
tractor cab, and fit it on the exhaust manifold, so that the tube exit section is directed forward, in the direction tractor
travel. Place the screw clamp 8…10 mm
away from the silencer branch butt-end.
Screw up the clamp nuts to a torque of
44…56 N•m;
f) check the grade and level of oil in the diesel-engine crankcase, air-cleaner oil pan,
power train housings, FDA housing and
intermediate bearing, starting engine reducing gear, as well as in the hitch linkage and HSCU tank, the hydraulic steering booster housing; top up or change oil,
as required;
g) lubricate mechanisms and assembly units
of the tractor in accordance with the Lubrication Chart;
h) fill in the fuel tank with settled (for not less
than 48 hours) with summer- or wintergrade diesel fuel;
i) prime the cooling system with coolant (refer to sheet 11) to a level of 50-60 mm below the top edge of the filler.
IMPORTANT! When in operation,
NEVER allow the coolant level drop below 100 mm away from the top filler
edge.
j) check inflation pressure in tyres;
k) when in transport operations, increase the
tractor wheeltrack. at least, to 1800 mm;
l) make sure that coolant is circulating
through the cab heater. Top up coolant in
the water radiator, if required;
m) remove the front mudguards when working with the front axle wheeltrack of 13501450 mm.
6.2. A LIST OF PREPARATORY PROCEDURES BEFORE STARTING UP THE DIESEL-ENGINE
Before starting a new tractor, or that which
has been out of use for a long time, proceed
with operation as follows:
а) carry out servicing as specified under intershift maintenance service schedule;
b) see that the cocks of the fuel tanks are
open;
c) fill in the diesel-engine fuel system with
fuel; to do this, undo a scavenging bolt on
the fine fuel filter casing some 2-3 turns,
pump through the system with a hand
booster pump, until a stream of fuel free
from are bubbles spear from under the
bolt head; then, tighten the scavenging
bolt down;
d) check to see if the diesel-engine cooling
system is full;
e) close the shutter of the water radiator;
f) set the GB lever into position I or II of
speed range engagement, disengage the
rear and side P.T.O.;
g) at a temperature of +5 °С and below,
prime the electric torch pre-heater reservoir with winter-grade diesel fuel (refer to
Section 2.2 «Fuel and Coolants Used»,
sheet 11).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
44
6.3. STARTING THE DIESEL-ENGINE
Start-Up Under Normal Conditions:
Check the oil level in the diesel-engine
crankcase and the coolant level in the
radiator, as well as the presence of fuel
in the fuel tank.
IMPORTANT! DO NOT start up the diesel-engine if the cooling system is not
filled up.
IMPORTANT! Starting up the dieselengine and instrument control procedure
should only be initiated with the driver
being on the operator’s seat.
CAUTION: NEVER operate the tractor in
closed spaces.
1. Apply the parking brake on the tractor;
2. Set the gear shift lever (2) to the neutral, and the step-down reducing gear
lever (9) into its extreme position (either
backward or forward);
3. Set the P.T.O. control lever (3) to the
position «Engaged»;
4. Set the "frame" switch (4) ON;
5. Set the fuel feed lever (5) into its midposition;
6. Push down hard on the clutch pedal
(6);
7. Turn the starter key (7) into position II
(«Start») and hold it in this position until the diesel-engine picks up, but not
in excess of 15 s. Therewith, a startup warning lamp alights in the warning
light in-line panel (8) (refer to Sheet
32, Ref. 4). Once the diesel-engine
has started, the lamp should go off.
Should the diesel-engine fail to start,
repeat the starting procedure not earlier than in 30…40 seс.
ATTENTION! If the starter would not
switch on and the starter control unit
warning lamp blinks at a low frequency
(about 1,5 Hz), it means that the GB shift
lever is not in the neutral or there is a
break in the start-up interlock circuit. If
the lamp flickers at higher frequency
(about 3 Hz), the trouble is in the alternator circuit (terminal «W» or «~»).
8. Release the clutch pedal (6). When
the diesel-engine is running, check
operation of all the warning lights and
instrument readings (coolant temperature, oil pressure in diesel-engine,
storage batteries charging).
Let the diesel-engine run at 1000
r.p.m. until oil level stabilizes within
the operating range.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
Starting the Tractor at Low Temperatures (+4°С and below)
IMPORTANT! To ensure against the
damage in the power train, NEVER push
or pull the tractor to achieve tow starting.
WARNING: Your tractor is equipped with
an electric torch pre-heater or glower
plugs as an additional aid to assist the
diesel-engine start-up at lower temperatures.
With an electric torch pre-heater installed, DO NOT use ether-based fluids
to assist cold starting. Using ether or
such fluids may result in explosion in the
induction manifold causing possible severe personal injury or mutilation. When
ether means for easy starting are to be
employed, disconnect and insulate wire
leads of the electric torch pre-heater located on the diesel-engine induction
manifold.
The electric torch pre-heater is effective
within the ambient temperatures range
from +4 °С to -20 °С. It consists of a reservoir (1) filled with diesel fuel and a
heating element (2) (a glower plug, solenoid valve and nozzle).
When the pre-heater is actuated, the redhot plug ignites fuel in the suction manifold and heats the air drawn in into the
cylinders.
The «S2» diesel-engines employ
glower plugs installed in the cylinder
heads.
With low temperatures standing, be sure
to use winter-grade oils in the dieselengine crankcase, gear box and the hydraulic system, in accordance with the
recommendations of the present Manual.
Keep the storage batteries at full charge.
Use clean water-free winter-grade fuels,
only.
To avoid troubles, drain residue and
sludge from the fine fuel filter and the
fuel tanks.
IMPORTANT! Fill the fuel tank at the end
of each work period, to exclude formation
of condensate in the tanks.
NOTE: When starting the diesel-engine
at low temperatures, a circulation preheater may be used on a cooling system
filled in with antifreeze. Mounting parts of
the pre-heater may be ordered from your
dealer (distributor).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
44
Starting the Diesel-Engine at Low
Temperatures:
1. Fill in the electric torch pre-heater reservoir with diesel fuel or kerosene;
2. Turn the hydraulic system oil pump
drive OFF, to reduce resistance to
cranking the crankshaft;
3. Raise (close) the water radiator shutter to ensure quick warming-up of the
diesel-engine;
4. Check oil level in the diesel-engine
sump and that of coolant in the radiator;
5. Brake the tractor with the parking
brake;
6. Place the gear and speed range shift
lever to the neutral in the gearbox;
7. Set the P.T.O. control lever into the
«Disengaged» position;
8. Turn the «frame ground» switch OFF;
9. Shift the fuel feed control lever to its
midposition;
10. Push down hard on the clutch pedal;
11. Turn the starter key into its «I» position and press the ETH switch pushbutton. In so doing, an ETH control
lamp alights on the warning light inline panel, thus, signaling that the
ETH spiral is on and being heated. As
soon as the warning lamp starts blinking, the ETH is ready for start-up (i.e.,
the spiral is red-hot and game for
heating the air to be drawn into the
cylinders). Change the position of the
starter key to «II», still retaining the
push-button depressed. A start control
lamp lights up. Start up the dieselengine as described under 6.2.7
above. Release the starter key and
the ETH push-button as soon as the
diesel-engine starts and runs smoothly;
12. With the diesel-engine started and
running stable, set 1000 r.p.m. to
stabilize oil pressure within the operating range. Release the clutch pedal. Let the diesel-engine warm up
for a while.
Check that the instruments are in working order; adjust the position of the water
radiator shutter, so as to maintain a normal thermal regime.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
6.4. GETTING THE TRACTOR MOVING
FROM
REST
AND
RUNNING
STRAIGHT
To move off the tractor, proceed as described below:
а) set minimum r.p.m. of the dieselengine crankshaft;
b) press down the clutch pedal, allow
some instants to elapse for the clutch
rotating parts to stop, and, smoothly
and without kicks, upshift to a required
gear according to the shift pattern diagram located on the right-hand wall of
the cab;
c) release the parking brake; release
smoothly the clutch pedal, with a simultaneous increase in diesel-engine
rotational speed by a gradual pushdown on the accelerator pedal.
IMPORTANT! When changing from forward to reverse, change gears only with
the tractor completely stopped. DO NOT
use the clutch pedal as a footrest, since it
will cause slipping of the clutch, its overheating and premature wear or possible
failure.
Enter tight turns at low speeds, without
load, only. When in a sharp turn, light braking of a respective wheel is admissible.
Before operation, depending on conditions for the work to be done, shift the
transfer box control lever 41 (see Fig. 3b)
(tractors with front driving axles) to its
middle position — i.e. «Automatic Front
Driving Axle Engagement»; or in its extreme forward position, i.e. «Front Driving Axle Disengaged» — when on transportation missions, on hard-surface
roads; or to its extreme backward position — i.e. «Front Driving Axle Forced
Engagement» — for continuous operations on light and moist soils, for a short
time to overcome a high traction force,
when clearing road obstacles, taking off
in forward and backward.
Fig. 15. Reverse-reducing gear controls
6.5. HINTS ON REVERSE-REDUCING
GEAR CONTROL
The reverse-reducing gear change-over
lever (32а), see Fig. 15, has the following
positions:
«Reverse (running)» (the reverser engaged) — its extreme backward position;
«Forward (running)» (the reverser disengaged) — its extreme forward position.
To change the direction of tractor movement to the reverse, proceed as follows:
1. Press down the clutch pedal;
2. Without disengagement of the selected speed and of the reverse-reducing
gear, stop the tractor; apply brakes, if
necessary, for the purpose;
3. Keeping the clutch pedal pushed
down, change the reverse-reducing
lever from the «Forward» to «Reverse», or vice versa;
4. Smoothly release the clutch pedal.
Important! Shift the reverse-reducer
lever with the depressed clutch pedal
and the tractor at standstill, only.
ATTENTION! DO NOT leave the reverse-reducer lever in a position inbetween the «Forward» and «Reverse».
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
44
6.6. STOPPING THE TRACTOR
To bring the tractor to a standstill, proceed with operations, as follows:
а) reduce the rotational speed of the diesel-engine crankshaft;
b) press down the clutch pedal;
c) set the GB gear shift lever to the neutral;
d) apply the parking brake. In case of
emergency, stop the tractor by simultaneous pressing down the clutch pedal to a stop and pedals of both service
brakes.
NEVER try to bring the tractor to a stop by
means of brakes, with the clutch operative.
6.7. DIESEL-ENGINE STOPPAGE
To stop the diesel-engine, proceed as
follows:
а) with the diesel-engine released from
load, allow it to run at low r.p.m. of the
crankshaft for a while, to have the
temperature (of water and oil) reduced. It is considered poor practice
to stop the diesel-engine at high temperature;
b) set minimum idling r.p.m. using the
fuel feed handle (the extreme backward position) for the purpose;
c) stop the diesel-engine by pulling the
diesel-engine stop knob as far as it
goes;
d) turn the «frame» switch OFF.
NEVER stop the diesel-engine:
а) by closing the fuel tank cock, since
this may lead to air inleakage into the
fuel feed system and impair the next
start-up of the diesel-engine;
b) by the diesel-engine emergency stop
cable knob, except for accidents.
6.8. OPERATING THE TRACTOR WITH
FARM IMPLEMENTS ATTACHED
6.8.1. Preparing the Tractor for Works
Depending on Agricultural Machinery
to be Attached
Depending on job type, combine the tractor with those technical facilities which (ag-
ricultural tools, transport and other machinery), which, in accordance with operation manuals for those vehicles are designed for aggregation with «Belarus»
tractors, Class 1.4 tf; also, follow recommendations of operating instructions for
working and transport speeds, wheeltrack
widths, tyre inflation pressures, and so on.
6.8.2. Tractor Wheeltrack Adjustment
6.8.2.1. Without a Hydraulic Cylinder
Installed in the Steering Trapezoid
(tractors equipped with HSB)
The front directive driving wheeltrack of
«Belarus» 80.1/80.2 tractors is adjustable within 1350 mm to 1850 mm; that of
the rear driving wheels – from 1400 mm
to 1600 mm and from 1800 mm to 2100
mm.
The «Belarus» 80.1/80.2 Front Wheel
Track is adjustable in 100-mm intervals
for symmetric positioning and 50-mm intervals for asymmetric positioning of
wheels. To set a required track of directive
wheels, proceed with operations as follows
(see Fig. 16):
а) jack up the tractor’s front end until the
wheels lose contact with the ground;
б) ease up bolts (1), pull out pins (2) of
the telescopic knuckle assembly attachment in the front axle tube;
в) first shift one and, then, the other telescopic knuckle (with a simultaneous
change of the steering rods length by
turning their tubes (3) in the end tips (5)
accordingly), with preliminary screwing
the locknuts (4) out to the amount corresponding to the wheeltrack to be obtained; then, fasten the knuckles in the
front axle tube;
г) lower the tractor. Check and, if necessary, adjust the toe-in of the front
wheels.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
Front Wheeltrack of Tractors «Belarus» 82.1, Equipped with Hypoid Bevel Reducing Gears, is steplessly adjustable by a screw mechanism incorporated
in the front axle housings (see Fig. 17)
within the three intervals (see Fig. 18), as
follows: 1350-1500 mm, 1500-1600 mm,
1600-1800 mm.
To change to the required wheeltrack width,
set the position of the wheel rim relative to
the disk, as shown in Fig.18.
On wheels with a constant disk offset,
the wheeltrack is steplessly adjustable
within the 1400...1700 mm interval.
To change the wheeltrack, jack up the tractor front end (or the front wheels one by
one) until there is a clearance between the
wheels and the ground; the rear wheels
should be held braked; then (see Fig. 17):
а) undo bolts and remove the cover (2);
б) release wedges (3) of the axle shaft
housings by loosening nuts, so that
the bevel gearing pair housing could
be shifted freely.
By turning the adjusting screw (1) with
a wrench, shift the hub drive reducing
gear assemblies within the front axle
housings to obtain the required wheeltrack within the above-mentioned intervals. Rotation of the adjusting
screw should be accompanied by a
change in the steering rod length. After a change of the wheeltrack, always
adjust the front wheel toe-in.
Fig.16.
Fig.17.
Fig. 18. Diagram of positioning tractor front wheels with hypoid reducing gears to different wheeltracks
(except for Belarus 82Р). In Figure: 1350-1500 mm; Over 1500 to 1600 mm; Over 1600 to 1800 mm.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
6.8.2.2. With a Hydraulic Cylinder in
the Steering Trapezoid
Re-Installation of the Hydraulic Cylinder tithe the Wheeltrack Changed
To ensure equal angles of left-and-right
turn, a correlation should be maintained
between the insertion of the hydraulic cylinder pin into the bracket holes and the
amount of offset of the directive wheel reducing gears.
On insertion of the hydraulic cylinder pins
into respective holes, wheel toe-in adjustment should be made. Refer to recommendations given below.
А. Installation of the Steering Hydraulic Cylinder on the Front Nondriving
Axle (see Fig. 18а)
Extension of steering knuckles and reinstallation of the hydraulic cylinder are
achieved in a stepwise manner, at 50mm intervals.
With the cylinder tapered pin inserted into hole I, dimension Аlh (the distance
from the beam butt-face to the knuckle)
should be 105 mm; with the pin inserted
into hole II, dimension Аrh = 155 mm,
when inserted into hole III, dimension Аlh =
205 mm, and when inserted into hole IV,
dimension Аlh = 255 mm.
Fig.18а
In Figure: Аrh = Alh
Alh
Alh, mm = 105; 155; 205; 255
Wheeltrack obtained, mm 1450; 1550; 1650; 1750
With wheels interchanged from side to side, mm = 1500; 1600; 1700; 1800
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
Procedure to Adjust Front Wheeltrack
1. Pull the parking brake fully up. Put
blocks at the front and rear of the
rear wheels.
2. Place a jack under one side of the
front axle. Raise the wheel until it is
clear off the ground.
3. Slacken the nuts (1) of clamping
bolts, pull out the telescopic knuckle
location pin (2), back up locknuts (4)
on the tube end-tips (5) of the steering rod.
4. Disconnect the cylinder (8) from the
bracket (7).
5. Push into, or pull out of, the telescopic knuckle (3) the front axle housing.
6. Insert the location pin (2) and tighten
the bolts (1) well home.
7. Insert and fix the cylinder pin (6) in
corresponding hole of the bracket
(7).
8. Repeat the procedure on the opposite side.
9. Adjust the front wheel toe-in.
10. Tighten the locknuts (4) on the steering rod tube.
Front wheeltrack
1440
1540
1640
1740
*
1500*
1600*
1700*
1800*
Hole No. in
bracket
Position of telescopic knuckle
I
II
III
IV
А (Аn=105 mm)
B (Аn=155mm)
В (Аn=205 mm)
D (Аn=255 mm)
With side-to-side switching of wheels.
A=A, Б=B, B=C, Г=D
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
B. Installation of the Steering Hydraulic Cylinder on the Front Driving Axle
HSCU with a One-Piece Steering Rod
(tractors equipped with a UC) (see Fig.
18b)
With the cylinder tapered pin inserted into hole I, dimension Аlh (the distance
from the locating boss flat to the FDA
left-hand cover flange) should be 273
mm; with the pin inserted into hole II, dimension Аlh = 313 mm; when inserted into
hole III, dimension Аlh = 358 mm.
Set extension distance of the right-hand
reducing gear (dimension Аrh) equal to
that of the left-hand reducing gear (dimension Аlh).
Fig. 18b
In Figure: Machined surface of the FDA cover
Machined flat of the boss
Аrh = Alh
Alh
Alh, mm = 105; 155; 205; 255
Wheeltrack obtained, mm 1450; 1550; 1650; 1750
With wheels interchanged from side to side, mm = 1500; 1600; 1700; 1800
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
Setting Wheeltrack of the Belarus 82.1
Tractor, Equipped with a FDA Fitted with
Hypoid Reducing Gears
The front wheel track on the tractor
equipped with a hydrostatic steering control unit is adjusted in a stepwise manner: by extending the upper bevel gear
pair assemblies, repositioning of the cylinder in bracket holes and wheels turnround with simultaneous switching from
side to side.
IMPORTANT! When switching the
wheels, pay special attention to that the
direction of wheel rotation agree with the
direction of the arrow on the tyre
sidewall.
In the course of adjustment by extension
of the hypoid gear pair assemblies check
to see that the left-hand and right-hand
bodies be extended to the same amount.
The distance between the hole in the
bracket to receive the cylinder collar pin
is 55 mm, thus, providing for a wheeltrack change to either side (decreasing
or increasing) from its middle position, at
a 110 mm interval.
ATTENTION! Following changes in
wheeltrack, it is imperative that front
wheel toe-in be adjusted. Tighten up the
wheel-to-hub fastening nut at a torque of
200…250 N•m, the nuts of disks-to-rim
bracket at a torque of 180…240 N•m.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
Setting Wheeltrack of the Tractor,
Equipped with a FDA Fitted with Hub
Drive Planetary-and Spur Reducing
Gears
Tractor track over the front wheels is adjustable within 1420...1970 mm by rearrangement of wheels interchange from side
to side and change in the position of disks
relative to the wheel rims.
To adjust the wheeltrack, follow the procedure below:
• Apply the parking brake. Put blocks
at the front and rear of the rear
wheels.
Place a jack under one side of the front
axle. Jack up the wheel until it is clear off
the ground. Chock the rear wheels on
the front and the rear.
• Jack up the front end of the tractor (or
the front wheels one by one until it is
clear off the ground);
• Remove the front wheels;
• Turn the disk-to-rim fastening nuts off.
Depending on the wheeltrack required,
set the relative position of the rim and the
disk, as shown in diagram on the right.
In doing so, pay special attention to that
the direction of wheel rotation be the
same as the direction of the arrow on the
tyre sidewall.
When interchanging wheel positions,
tighten the disk-to-flange fastening nuts
at a torque of 200...250 N•m, while the
disk-to-rim fastening nuts to 180...230
N•m.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
Front Wheel Toe-In Adjustment (tractors equipped with HSCU)
Following changes in the wheeltrack
width, be sure to adjust the front wheel
toe-in by changing the length of the
steering rod (see Fig. 18d).
1. Set the required inflation pressure in
tyres (refer to instructions under
6.9.3).
2. Run the tractor straight forward at
least 3 m and stop.
Apply the parking brake.
3. Check to see that the hub reducing
gear bodies (on tractors equipped with
a FDA) or the steering knuckles (on
tractors «Belarus» 80.1/80.2 (2х4)) be
advanced to the same amount "B"
from the FDA housing or the front axle
tube, respectively.
4. Measure the distance "C" between
two opposite points on the rim edge,
behind the front axle, at the height of
wheel axle.
5. Run the tractor forward, so that the
front wheels turned through approx.
180°, then, measure the distance "А"
in front of the front axle, between the
same points as in case of taking dimension "В". The toe-in is correct, if
the measured dimension "А" is 0-8
mm less than the dimension "В".
If the toe-in measurements are inconsistent with these values, proceed as
follows:
6. Loosen the locknuts (1), (3) on the adjusting tube (2) of the steering rod.
7. Turning the tube, set the required
amount of toe-in.
8. Tighten up the locknuts (1), (3).
FDA equipped with hypoid reducing
gears (tractor «Belarus» 82.1)
w/o FDA (tractors «Belarus» 80.1/80.2)
FDA equipped with planetary-and-spur
reducing gears (tractor «Belarus» 82.2)
Fig. 18d
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
43
To Change the Rear Wheeltrack, proceed as follows (see Fig. 19):
а) jack up the rear end of the tractor until
the wheels are clear off the ground.
Turn off nuts (1) which fasten the disk
to the hub and remove the wheel;
б) turn the hub so that insertion piece (3)
is at the bottom;
в) Undo four bolts (2) fastening the insertion piece to the hub to the extent that
prongs of the insertion piece disengage the axle shaft prongs; clean
them from dirt;
г) move the hub to the required wheeltrack, then, tighten the insertion piece
fastening bolts (2) to a torque of
28…30 kgf•m; mount the wheel, tighten the wheel attachment nuts (1) to a
torque of 30…35 kgf•m.
д) set the second wheel to the position
required.
Fig. 19
A wheeltrack of up to 1600 mm is obtained without wheel switching. To obtain
a wheeltrack of more than 1600 mm, rearrange the wheels as shown below.
Tractors «Belarus» 82Р have a nonadjustable wheeltrack of 1900 mm over
the front and rear wheels.
Setting Rear Wheeltrack (except кроме tractor «Belarus» 82Р)
(for tyres 15,5R38)
Table 3
Rear wheeltrack, mm
Dimension "а" from the
axle shaft butt-face to that
of the rear wheel hub, mm
* Tyres 9,5-42 and 11,2-42.
1350*
1400
1500
1600
100
50
1900
2000
2100
Step-wise, with wheels switching
from side to side
Steplessly
125
1800
0
164
114
64
14
Belarus МТЗ-80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации и регулировки
Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки МТЗ80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
56
6.8.3. Pneumatic Tyres Use and Care
nations of front and rear tyres for tractors equipped with a FDA (see Tables
Keep to the basic rules of pneumatic tyres
5а, 5b);
handling and servicing, namely:-c)
in case of irregular wear of tyre tread,
а) follow carefully recommendations on
switch tyres regularly from the right- to
inflation pressures in tyres (refer to Taleft-hand side, and vice versa;
ble 4);
d) observe the instructions for tyre
b) avoid operation with substantial slipmounting and dismantling;
page of the driving wheels; strictly follow instructions on admissible combiPermissible loads on tractor tyres
Table 4
Amount
of liquid
to be
filled, l
260
374
313
Speed
Tyre size sym0,08
bol
7,50-20
9,00-20
11,2-20
13,6-20
11,2R24
360/70R24
16,9R30
18,4/78-30
(18,4L-30)
18,4R30
18,4R34
15,5R38
16,9R38
9,5-42
11,2R42
A6
A6
A6
A6
A8
A8
A8
A6
A8
A8
A8
A8
A6
A6
Permissible load per tyre, kgf (N) at inflation pressure, MPa
0,1
0,12
0,14
0,16
640
765
1010 1100
785 895
1000 1180
1535 1745
2005
715
850
1210
995
1285
1945
2225
580
780
930
1300
1090
1400
2125
2430
625
670
840
900
1000 1080
1395 1450
1180
1500
2300
2092 2252
1750
2020
1420
1700
552
2200
2410
1810
2140
712
1100
2425
2610
1945
2355
776
1200
2650 2800
2800
2120
2575
832
896
1290 1390
1945
2200
1620
1920
636
1035
0,18
0,2
0,22 0,24
0,26
0,28
715
760 800
835
960 1020 1070 1120
1145 1180
875
944
1480 1570 1640 1700
For tyres marked with А6 speed symbol, the loads given above are for a speed of 30 km/h.
For tyres marked with А8 speed symbol, the loads given above are for a speed of 40 km/h.
Permissible loads for tyres of directive and driving wheels vs speeds
Table 5
Speed, km/h
Change in load, %,
for tyres of directive wheel marked with speed symbol
А6 (30 km/h )
А8 (40 km/h)
10‫٭‬
+50
+67
15
+43
+50
20
+35
+39
25
+15
+28
30
0
+11
35
-10
+4
40
-20
0
45
-7
‫ ٭‬For tyres with ply rating 6 and above, the inflation pressure of tyre should be increased by 25%.
When employing tyres with ply ratings 6 and above on front-end loaders, an increase in load per tyre
of up to 100% is a normal practice when working in the loading duty, only.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
43
Table 5а
Speed, km/h
Change in load, %,
for tyres of directive wheels, marked with speed symbol
А6 (30 km/h )
А8 (40 km/h)
+40
+50
+30
+34
+20
+23
+7
+11
10‫٭‬
15
20
25
Variants of front and rear tyres combinations
for tractors«Belarus-82.2» (with FDA of tubular type)
Table 5b
Rear tyres
18,4R34
mod. Ф11
15,5R38
16,9R30
9,5-42

Front tyres
360/70 13,6-20 11,2R2
R24
4
—
—


—
—
—

—
—
—

— improper combination
good combination
Variants of front and rear tyres combinations
for tractors«Belarus-82.1» (with FDA of portal type)
Table 5c
Rear tyres
18,4L-30
18,4R34
«рисовая»
18,4R34
15,5R38
16,9R38
9,5-42
11,2R42


8,3-20
11,2-20
(11,2R20)
13,6-20
Front tyres
360/70R20

—

—
—

—

—

—

16,0-20
«ricegrowing»
—

—

—




—


—
—

—
—
—
—

—
—
—
—

—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
good combination
—
13,6R20
16,0-20
improper combination
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
43
e) keep tyres away from fuel, oil, and
other petroleum products;
f) make it a good habit to inspect the
tyres daily, clean them from foreign
objects stuck in the treads;
g) DO NOT allow operation and/or
parking the tractor on damaged or
flat tyres;
h) comply with the rules of tractor
driving;
i) on long-term outages, place the
tractor on rests, so that the tyres
are clear off the ground.
к) inflate tyres through a pressure
regulator (1) air bleeder valve (see
Fig. 20), by completing operations
as follows:
• bleed air from pneumatic system
bottle (3) through a condensate
drain valve;
• screw out butterfly nut (2) of the
bleeder valve coupling union;
• connect tyre inflating hose to the
bleeder valve coupling union
and tyre valve;
• switch the compressor on and
inflate the tyre to the required
pressure against tyre pressure
gauge;
IMPORTANT!
At pressure increase in the bottle up to 7.7
kgf/cm2,
the
compressor
is
switched over by the pressure
regulator to idling and tyre inflation
operation
stops
automatically.
Hence, the pressure should be
regularly checked against the reading of the gauge located on the
dashboard and, if required, bled
through the condensate drainage
valve.
• disconnect the hose from the
tyre valve and the bleeder valve
coupling union;
• switch the compressor off, and
screw on the butterfly nut onto
the bleeder valve coupling union.
Fig. 20
Liquid Ballast
Filling tyres with liquid ballast shall be
used only in cases of inadequate
road-holding capacity of wheels, or
tyre ground grip, under adverse conditions (such as water-logged soils,
and the like).
NOTE: Front tyre ballasting is discouraged, since it deteriorates tractor
steerability and handling.
When it is cold, it is recommended to
use a mixture of calcium chloride and
water at a rate of:
Environment temperature, °С
up to -15°С
up to -25°С
up to -35°С
Amount of calcium
chloride, g/l water
200
300
435
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Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки МТЗ80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
58
Such a mixture ensures low freezing
point, an higher density of the solution, and provides safe and economyeffective ballast material. Proper handling of this solution would never result in tyre, tube and/or rim damage.
When filling tyres with solution of calcium chloride in water, the inner-tube
valve should be at its uppermost point
on the wheel.
Table below lists volumes of solution
to be poured into the rear tyres:
Tyre size
16.9R38
Amount of solution to be filled in,
litre per tyre
315
15.5R38
235
18,4/78-30; 18,4L-30;
18,4R30
330
18,4R34
374
16.9R30
260
IMPORTANT! Radial tyres shall be
filled with liquid ballast up to 40...50
percent, max., of their volume. If this
figure is exceeded, the residual air
left is insufficient to cushion the
bumps, thus, resulting in possible
damage to the tyre. This is due to a
lower inflation pressure required for
the radial tyres. The cross-ply tyres
can be filled up to 75 percent of their
volume.
CAUTION: When mixing the solution,
add flakes of calcium chloride to water and thoroughly stir until CaCl2 is
completely dissolved. NEVER add
water to calcium chloride. Some
form of protective goggles should be
worn when preparing the solution.
Should the solution affect your eyes,
wash them immediately through with
abundant clean cold water for 5
minutes. See a doctor as soon as
possible.
6.8.3.1. Weight Restrictions
To attain optimal reliability of the power
train and effective towing performance,
the maximum tractor weight with ballast
(i.e., the configuration of a standard tractor design + attached implement) should
not exceed 7000 kgf, when the front and
rear wheeltrack is 1600 mm.
Maximum permissible load on the rear
axle (inclusive ballast and attached implement) should not exceed 5000 kgf,
max.
Maximum load on the front axle (front
driving axle) should not exceed the tyre
capacity and should stay within 1750 kgf.
With the wheeltrack to over 1800 mm,
axle loads should be reduced on the basis of 5% per each 100 mm of wheeltrack
increase.
In the case of wheel twinning, their total
capacity figure should be reduced by 20
percent.
Belarus МТЗ-80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации и регулировки
Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки МТЗ80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
58
6.8.4. Mounting Agricultural Machines
on Tractor. Adjustment of the Rear
Hitch Linkage for Operating and
Transport Positions
Attach mounted machines to the tractor by
means of an automatic coupling device
СА-1 to be fastened to the tractor hitch
linkage at three points (two aft joints of the
lower (draft) links and the aft joint of the
top (control) link).
To prevent spontaneous detachment of
the machine from the tractor, secure the
automatic coupler dog with a spring cotter pin. In so doing, make sure that there
is a distance of at least 70 mm between
the proper shaft and the cross-bar when
the machine is lifted to a position for
transport.
Semi-mounted machines (potato harvesters type ККУ-2, ККУ-2А, potato diggerwindrower type УКВ-2) are to be attached
to the tractor by means of a special crossbar, provided with the machine and connected to the lower link joints. Also, check
to see that there is a gap of at least 70 mm
in-between the propeller shaft and the
crossbar.
Lift height is limited by a slide stop 1 (see
Fig. 21). When the linkage is lifted, the
stop acts upon the hydromechanical
valve stem (2), and the latter, in its turn,
blocks the cylinder rod-end.
When attached, place the machine level
by changing the length of the left-hand
drop link and the control link. DO NOT
adjust the left-hand drop link when
running with a mounted implement, its
length should always be 475 mm. Final
adjustment is to be carried in the field (on
ploughing – when running the third furrow, on other jobs – on the first run).
Fig. 21
When combining the tractor with widespan or wide-cut machines, connect
forks (5) and (23) (see Fig. 22) of the
tractor drop links to the lower links slots,
thus, ensuring better accommodation of
work tools to the soil relief along the
span. For operation with the draft (position) control not used, connect the top
link to the lower hole in yoke (30).
It should be seen that the lock-nuts of the
drop links, check chains and the top links
are reliably tightened: loose lock-nuts can
disturb the adjustment of the hitch linkage
and thread stripping.
On preparation of the tractor with implements attached for long-distance trips,
shorten the top link (24) to improve the
passing ability of the aggregate.
Adjusting bolts (8) are screwed into the
brackets (6). These ensure tightening of
the chains when the implement is raised
to a transport position and, thus, lock it
against transverse swaying.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
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Fig. 22. Rear hitch linkage
1, 26 — lower (draft) links; 2 — eye-ring; 3 — turnbuckle; 4, 28 — lower link fore-ends, 5 — left-hand
drop link yoke; 6 — bracket; 7 — lower links axle; 8 — adjusting bolt; 9 — drop link turnbuckle; 10 — drop
link top screw; 11, 16 — external levers; 12 — turn shaft bracket; 13 — turn shaft; 14 — turn lever; 15 —
top link bracket spring; 17 — right-hand drop link assembly; 18 — axle; 19 — drop link driven gear; 20 —
drop link driving pinion; 21 — drop link handle; 22 — tube; 23 — right-hand drop-link fork; 24 — top (control) link; 25 — handle; 27 — linkage check chain: 29 — nut: 30 — yoke: 31 — pin: 32 — crossbar: 33 —
coupling pin: 34 — hitch clevis; 35 — pins.
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To adjust the bolts (8), proceed in the
sequence as follows:
а) couple the implement with the lower
and top link joints. Screw in the adjusting bolts (8) as far as they go;
b) raise the implement a bit, so that its
tools lose contact with the ground;
c) adjust the length of check chains by
rotating the turn-buckles, so that the
lower link joints are free to sway in
accordance with the instructions given in the user’s guide to this implement. For mounted ploughs the
sway in the horizontal plane should
be 125 mm to either side from their
midposition.
d) adjust the length of the right-hand
drop link to the prescribe tilling depth
(when working with ploughs);
e) raise the implement to a transport
position; screwing the bolts (8) out of
the brackets, tighten the chains until
they sag slightly and limit implement
sway within 20 mm to either side
стороны;
f) secure reliably the bolts (8) with the
lock-nuts.
Each time changing the length of the
right-hand drop link should be followed
by the adjustment of the right-hand
bracket bolt to ensure self-locking of the
check chains.
In the case of inter-row cultivation, sowing, or seeding, as well as when running
with a haul-and-draw coupling device
ТСУ-1Ж involved, lock the lower links in
full from transverse movements, lest the
implement sway and plants be damaged.
Link adjustment is made by way of
shortening the chain length as much as
possible, within the limits they have been
set before. In this case, drive the adjusting bolts fully home into the brackets.
Violation of the procedure described
above may result in check chain breakage or other break-downs. To avoid
spontaneous drop, interlock the hitch
linkage
with
the
attached
machine/implement in the position for
transport. To do this:
In case of the tractor with a smallscale cab (see Fig. 23):
а) open the tractor rear screen;
b) raise the hitch linkage to its top position be setting the distributor handle
to the «Lift» position".
Рис. 23. Hitch linkage locking mechanism of the
tractor equipped with a small-scale cab: 1 —
catch; 2, 3 — rods; 4 — hydraulic cylinder bracket; 5 — pin; 6, 7 — levers; 8 — bracket; 9 —
spring; 10 — rest; 11 — control rod: 12 — turning
lever; 13 — control handle.
The rest (10) of the cylinder hydromechanical valve should be in its extreme
position on the hydraulic cylinder rod;
c) push the control handle (13), and
with it the locking mechanism, into
the bottom position;
d) place the distributor handle to the
«Float» position. Under the action of
the implement the turning lever (12)
will turn; now, the cog should enter
into contact with the catch (1).
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
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To unlock the hitch linkage, proceed as
follows:
а) raise the hitch linkage to the extreme
top position be setting the distributor
handle to the «Lift» position;
b) pull the handle (13) to the top position.
For Tractors with a Unitized Cab hitch
linkage locking and unlocking procedures
are performed in a similar manner; in doing so, the hitch linkage is raised and
dropped by the draft control lever (the
right-hand distributor handle on tractors
where the draft control is not installed),
while the locking mechanism is raised
and lowered by shifting the lever (40)
(see Fig. 3b) into the extreme left- or
right-hand position, respectively.
6.8.5. Control of the Tractor Hydraulic
System and Hitch Linkage Using a
Distributor
On tractors without draft (position) control facility installed the hitch linkage control is achieved by means of the last
right-hand handle of the distributor.
When running with tractor-mounted implements/machines, use only the «Lift»
and «Float» positions of the handle.
When operating with mounted tilling
machines/implements, NEVER set the
handle to the «Drop» position!
The «Drop» position shall only be used
to control remote-operation cylinders installed on the machine and intended for
the adjustment of tools (reels, headers,
and the like) of harvesting, sowing and
other machines. If, on completion of the
cylinder stroke, the handle fails to automatically regain its neutral position, do it
by hand. On the contrary, in case of
premature return of the handle, hold it
back to complete this or that operation.
6.8.6. Control of the Tractor Hydraulic
System and Hitch Linkage Equipped with
a Draft (Position) Control
Draft Control
The draft control ensures maximum performance in power-intensive agricultural
operations, such as ploughing, hoeing in
depth, cultivation when in combination
with mounted farm machines.
When ploughing with ploughs Type ПНЗ35Б, ПЛН-3-35, raise the plough groundengaging wheel to its extreme upper position.
Ploughing to a shallow depth (less than
20…23 cm) when the density of soil varies significantly along the bout (sandclay), be sure to drop the plough groundengaging wheel as a precautionary
measure to limit maximum depth on plots
of low density.
In case of general cultivation and/or deep
hoeing, with the tractor ganged up with
agricultural machines equipped with two
ground-engaging wheels within the
broad-gang width, set the groundengaging wheels to a desired height,
thus obviating possible cross skewness
of the agricultural machine, erratic loads
on the tools farthest to the left and right.
In preparation of an aggregate for draft
control operation duty, proceed with adjustments, as follows:
1. Set the hitch compression control link
to the upper hole in the yoke (30) (see
Fig. 22).
2. Couple
the
mounted
implement/machine to the tractor hitch linkage.
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3. Select the draft control mode; to do
this,
raise
the
attached
machine/implement above the soil surface and push selector arm (1) (see
Fig. 24) into the slot of draft control
lever (3) by turning the selector arm to
the left (if viewed in the direction of
tractor head-on travel). To facilitate
engagement, before introducing it into
the slot, swing the selector arm forward (if viewed in the direction of tractor head-on travel) until it registers
with the slot in the control lever (3).
4. On broad-gang implements, perform
adjustments of the ground-engaging
wheels and tools to height. When
ganged up with ploughs, raise the
ground-engaging wheel to its upper
position.
Fig. 24. Changing-over of draft (position) controls:
1 — control method selector-arm; 2 — adjusting
valve hand-wheel; 3 — draft control lever; 4 —
position control lever.
Selector-arm positions: N — neutral; I — position
control; II — draft control
Rules and Practical Expedients
Drop the trailed implement/machine at
the beginning of the bout by pushing the
handle (1) (see Fig. 25) forward, along
the sector (3). The farther the handle advance, the greater the soil operating
depth.
When pulling the handle (1) backwards,
along the sector (3), the depth decreases. With the depth adjustment completed, bring the stop (2) over the slot in the
panel to rest against the handle and lock
it in this position.
At the close of the bout, to shallow the
tools up, set the handle (1) into the «Lift»
position — pull backward, up to a stop.
On completion of lifting, the handle
should return into the neutral position
«Neutral transport» (with the roller 4
against the sector 3) on its own.
At the beginning of each subsequent
bout lower the tool by shifting the handle
(1) forward until it rests against the limiting rest (2).
Fig. 25. Draft (position) control (for tractors
equipped with a unitized cab):
1 — handle; 2 — limiting rest; 3 — sector; 4 —
roller; 5 — spring; 6 — rod.
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Hints on Draft Control Operation
While ploughing, in cases when the
depth attained is insufficient, reset the
compression link (1) of the hitch linkage
to the middle hole II of the hitch point
yoke (2) (see Fig. 26).
When in general cultivation and deep
loosening on soils of variable density
over the bout length or the working width,
in cases wherein the work is accompanied by increased number of automatic
corrections of cultivator position, also,
reset the compression link to the middle
hole to reduce the number of corrections
When in the draft control mode, both in
ploughing and cultivation, adjust the
speed correction rate valve hand-wheel
(2) (see Fig. 24). Turning the hand-wheel
clockwise reduces the correction rate,
while rotating it counterclockwise increases the rate.
Hand-wheel adjustment should be carried out following the plough (cultivator)
adjustment. In doing so, when rotating
the rate valve hand-wheel, try to achieve
smooth automatic adjustment of change
in depth while still on the run.
DO NOT push the hand-wheel against
the stop, since this will result in excessively slow lifting of the agricultural implement/machine and give rise to increased spin-out of the tractor driving
wheels.
Correction rate hand-wheel adjustment and
the choice of holes in the hitch height
bracket for attachment of the compression
link should be performed taking account of
the actual soil conditions and for each type
of the agricultural machinery attached. In
operation, readjustment is not necessary.
Fig. 26
I, II, III — upper, middle, and lower holes, respectively.
Position Control
When in the position control mode, the
draft (position) control mechanism of the
hydraulic system attains placing of the
agricultural implements/machines to a
desired position with respect to the tractor framing and automatic maintaining of
the same, by settings of the handle (1)
(see Fig. 25).
It is recommended to employ the position
control in soil treatment, running with
ploughs, cultivators for general and interrow cultivation, as well as for hoeing in
depth, on fields with even profile.
As for broad-gang machines ganged-up
with the tractor, when operating in the
position control mode, it is necessary to
use ground-engaging wheels to eliminate
possible cross-scewness of the farm implements, to improve straightness of
running the aggregate, as well as to establish better field contour-following in
the lateral (with respect to tractor movement) direction.
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To prepare the aggregate for operation in
the position control mode, proceed as follows:
1. Couple the mounted machine with the
tractor hitch linkage.
2. Raise the mounted machine to its top
(transport) position.
3. Set the changeover arm to the position control; to do this, enter the selector-arm (1) (see Fig. 27) into the slot of
the position control lever (4) by turning
it to the right (relative tractor forward
travel).
4. Turn the correction rate hand-wheel
(2) counterclockwise to a stop, thus,
setting maximum lifting speed under
automatic position correction conditions.
Rules and Practical Expedients
Place the mounted implement/ machine to
a required position. Lower it by pushing the
handle (1) (see Fig. 25) forward, along the
sector (3). The farther the handle is
pushed, the lower the implement will go,
and vice versa, the more the lever is pulled
to oneself, the higher goes the implement.
With the implement position set at height
as required, bring the limiter stop (2) to
rest against the handle and lock it in this
position.
At the end of the bout, to raise the implement/machine to transport position,
pull the handle (1) as far as it goes. On
completion of lifting, the handle should
return into the neutral position «Neutral
transport» on its own (with the roller (4)
resting against the sector (3)).
Fig. 27
Height Control
Height control can be applied to aggregation of the tractor with mounted machines
fitted with ground-engaging wheels. Its
chief advantage lies in the fact that the assigned depth of cut is provided by setting
the support wheels of the ganged-up farm
machine to a certain height.
In the height control mode, set the selectorarm (1) (see Fig. 27) to its midposition (N).
To lift the machine, pull up the handle (2)
(see Fig. 25) to the stop and hold it so until
the implement is raised. Then, the handle
should return to the neutral position «Neutral
transport» spontaneously (with roller (4)
resting against the sector (3)). Dropping
the implement is achieved by pushing the
handle (1) forward, into the adjustment zone
(the roller (4) rolls on the sector (3)), before
the commencement of actual lowering.
When in operation with mounted machines/implements, NEVER set the
handle (1) to the «Force Drop» position (forward to a stop)!
Use the «Force Drop» position only
when the machine is connected to the
tractor hitch linkage mechanism. To effect the force drop, push the handle (1)
to its extreme forward position. On releasing, the handle should return, under
the action of spring (5), into the adjustment zone, and lowering of the mounted
implement should stop.
Section 6. Operating and Adjusting Regulations
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43
6.8.7. Draft (Position) Control System
Adjustment
Draft (Position) Control System Adjustment should be made as follows:
1. Remove the side console cover.
2. Adjust the length of rod 16 (see Fig.
28), so that shifting backward (if
viewed in the direction of the tractor
travel) of the selector-arm results in a
18-24 mm gap between the rubber
roller located on the arm and the sector
edge (see Fig. 25).
Adjustment of the Position Rod should
be made as follows:
а) set the selector-arm (1)into the midposition;
b) raise the hitch linkage to its extreme
upper position;
c) adjust the length of rod 4, so that the
arm (1) is free to enter the slot of the
position control lever (2). Then
shorten the rod (4) by 1 turn of adjusting nuts (7);
Fig. 28
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Proceed with Draft Control Sensor Adjustment, as follows:
а) set arm 1 (see Fig. 28) in the midposition;
b) remove the compression link (10) of
the hitch linkage mechanism, insert
compression link pin (11) into the top
hole of bracket-shackle (9);
c) by means of auxiliary lever (8) turn
the shackle on pin (13) in the direction of arrow "А", until spring (15) is
fully compressed. With the lever released, the shackle should regain its
initial position. In this case, the sensor travel distance, measured as the
displacement of draft rod (5) should
be at least 11 mm;
г) made certain that the sensor is operative, uncotter crown nut (12),
draw it up to the point of sensor
spring compression commencement.
then, turn it down additional 1/2 - 1/3
turn, to register slots in the nut with
the coyer-pin hole, and cotter the
nut.
Following the draft sensor redjustment, proceed with the adjustment of
draft tie-rod:
а) set the arm (1) in its midposition (see
Fig. 28);
b) using an additional lever (tube) for
the purpose, establish a force that
ensures the turn of the shackle to its
extreme position (in the direction of
arrow «А»);
c) retaining the lever in the forced out
position (along arrow стрелке «А»),
check for possible inserting of the
arm (1) prong into the slot in the
draft lever (3). If otherwise, adjust
the length of the tie-rod (5), so that
the arm (1) prong can enter freely into the slot of the draft lever (3);
d) shorten the rod (5) by 1 turn of the
adjusting nuts (6).
With an agricultural implement attached
to the tractor, there is no need to use an
additional lever to adjust the draft tie-rod.
In this case it is enough to raise the implement over the ground the tractor is on;
then, the weight of the implement will impose sufficient tension on the draft sensor through the central link. Keep in mind
that while doing so, the central link
should be in the upper hole of the rear
hitch leverage shackle. Raise the implement just to be off the ground.
6.8.8. Hints of Tractor Operation with
Rear P.T.O.-Driven Implements
General Recommendations:
а) before connecting the machine to the
tractor, check to see that the rear
P.T.O. control is correctly adjusted (refer to 7.6.7);
b) install and lock a required P.T.O. tailpiece (8- or 24-spline) tail-piece and
lock reliably the required tail-piece, set
a corresponding speed drive; set 540
rpm for a 8-spline tail-piece, and 1000
rpm for a 21-spline tail-piece
Fig. 29
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To replace the P.T.O. tail-piece, proceed
as follows: undo two bolts, remove the
hood and plate; turn out six bolts which
fasten holding plate (1) and take out the
tail-piece (2). Install another tail-piece
into the splined hole, and fix it with the
holding plate (1); tighten the six bolts,
place back the plate and the jacket, fasten them with nuts.
Engage the P.T.O. independent drive at
diesel-engine minimum r.p.m. or with the
diesel-engine stopped.
Engagement of the synchronized P.T.O.
drive is to be performed on a running
diesel-engine, through smooth application of the clutch.
Operating the tractor with the P.T.O. disengaged, be sure to place the P.T.O.
control lever to the «P.T.O. Disenged»
position, set the P.T.O. two-speed drive
changeover clutch to position 1 (540
r.p.m.),
and
the
independent-tosynchronous P.T.O. drive changeover
lever — into its midpostion (neutral);
c) smear the shaft and the telescopic
joint of the universal-joint shaft with
solid oil. Install the universal joint onto
the P.T.O. shaft tail-end, fasten it reliably in the slot. Make sure that the
lugs (2) of the joint yokes (1) (see Fig.
30) are in one and the same plane.
Failing to observe this requirement
causes overloads of the universal-joint
drive and the P.T.O.;
d) replace the protective jacket on the
universe-joint shaftу of the agricultural
machine;
e) with the universal-joint drive installed,
check to see that the components of the
shaft telescopic joint do not rest rigidly
in extreme positions of the machine relative to the tractor; the minimum overlap of the telescopic portion of the universal-joint drive should not be less
than 110-120 mm, since at a lesser
overlap the drive may disjoin.
Fig. 30
In Figure: Tractor P.T.O. tail-end
110-12- mm
The length of spring (1) of the farm machine safety coupling (see Fig. 31) should
be adjusted so that, at overloads, the claw
couplings 2 and 3 are free to turn relative
to each other. Excessive tightening of the
spring renders the coupling inoperative
and, as a result, causes overloads on the
universal-joint drive and the P.T.O.;
Fig. 31
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f) P.T.O. shaft engagement and disengagement should be made smoothly,
without jerks, with the diesel-engine
crankshaft at a low speed;
g) preparatory to starting moving, check
operation of the machine at low and
maximum r.p.m. of the diesel-engine
crankshaft;
With the P.T.O. synchronous drive engaged, tractor travel speed should not exceed 8 km/h, max.;
h) disengage the P.T.O. when making a
turn (in case of aggregation with trailed
machines) or when raising the implement into the transport position (in case
of mounted and semi-mounted implements);
i) after detachment of the implement from
the tractor, NEVER leave the universaldrive joint on the P.T.O. tail-piece;
з) with a driving pulley, as well as reduction gear outfit of special-purpose vehicles (such as cotton-growing machinery, power shovels, and so on) installed
on the rear P.T.O. cover, take good
care that they are properly centered
about the tail-piece (seated in a 162mm dia. recess in the rear cover), and
their nuts reliably tightened.
When in operation with rotary tillage-andcultivating machinery, take care:
а) to keep protection gear in functioning
condition, check it for normal operation;
b) not to engage the P.T.O. when the
working tool is lowered onto the ground;
c) to smoothly lower the machine with rotating tools when the tractor is on the
go;
d) not to engage the P.T.O., with one of
the joints pivoted at an angle exceeding
35 deg.;
e) to first till cross strips to enter the plot
for treatment when running on hard
soils, and only then to work the field
longitudinally.
6.8.9. Operation of Tractors with Trailers and Trailed Machines
Single-axle trailers are to be attached to
the tractor by means of a ТСУ-2 coupler
(hydraulically-operated pick-up hook),
while trailed machines — through a ТСУЗК outfit (towing device fitted with an automatic coupler). Towing of farm machines
be means of a ТСУ-1Ж hitch (crossbar)
can only be permitted at a speed of 15
km/h, max., and in field works; it is not
recommended to enter public roads.
ATTENTION! When coupling trailer’s
pneumatic system to the tractor, brake
the tractor with the parking brake to release pressure in the connecting pipeline.
To run with single-axle trailed machines,
hang on additional counterweights to load
the tractor front axle.
Double-axle trailers are coupled with the
tractor through ТСУ-ЗК or ТСУ-3В couplers (coupling with ТСУ-1Ж hitch clevis in
this case cannot be admitted). After completion of coupling, make sure that the detent is fully withdrawn from the housing
and connect the trailer to the tractor with a
check chain (cable).
With a towing device installed on the tractor,
DO NOT couple semi-trailers (single-axle
trailers), as well as double-axle trailers which
have non-standard trailer tongues.
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NEVER make use of the rear hitch
linkage, with a haul-and-draw coupler
installed on the tractor!
When running with trailers tractor speeds
are subject to road conditions. With 20
and 45 cu. m body trailers 2ПТС-4-887А
attached, it is permissible to run at
speeds of up to 15 km/h, as they possess poor stability. Avoid sharp turns
when running with these trailers and a
1РМГ-4 tractor-mounted broadcaster lest
the rear wheel mudguards should be
damaged.
Trailers’ (2ПТС-4-785А and others) loop
should be locked to avoid its jamming.
In operation, the ТСУ-1Ж hitch clevis
should be secured to the crossbar by two
pins. It is forbidden to use the clevis secured by only one pin.
Before operation make sure that the pins
and pivot of the hitch clevis are reliably
cottered. All signaling lights of the trailers
(stop light, turn indicators, number plate
light) should be connected through a
plug socket on the tractor.
Trailers’ brakes with pneumatic or hydraulic drives are to be controlled by the
tractor counterpart system.
6.8.10. Use of Tractor’s Optional Extras
Tractors may carry a rear drive pulley,
side P.T.O., additional weights to augment the load on the fore axle, a superreducer, an automatic hitch coupler СА1, a spacer to install twinned rear
wheels, and other equipment used as
optinal extras.
The rear drive pulley is installed on the
back of the P.T.O. reduction gear cover
and driven by the P.T.O. splined tailpiece. To avoid P.T.O. tail-piece deformation, it is mandatory to install the reduction gear body through four studs,
and to center the flange on 122 mm in
the P.T.O. cover. The pulley is turned
ON/OFF by means of the P.T.O. control
lever.
A side P.T.O. is to be installed in place of
the gearbox left-hand cover, with controls
brought out through to the cab. It can be
used as an additional drive for front- and
side-mounted mechanisms and working
tools.
Additional counterweights with total mass
of 220 kg or 510 kg are to be installed on
a special bracket attached to the tractor
front toolbar.
To extend the versatility of tractors and
adapt them for farm machines operating
at greatly reduced ground speeds, the
tractor may be equipped with a superreducer. With the aid of a superreducer
tractor speeds in I and II forward and reverse gears are additionally reduced. For
the range of tractor travel reduced
speeds on tractors Belarus-80.1/80.2,
82.1/82.2, refer to Table 6.
Types of superreducers:
 mechanical (MSR);
 hydromechanical (HSR).
The hydromechanical type of reducers
provides for continuously variable gear
series.
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Table 6
Superreducer ranges
Travel
direction
Gearbox
gear
I
Reducing
gear
I
Forward
II
I reverse.
Backward
II reverse
II
Superreducer gear
1
2
1
2
Eng’d.
0...0,44
0,80...1,3
1,83
5,45
Diseng’d
0,12...0,58
1,2...1,75
2,42
7,21
Eng’d.
0,31...0,75
1,67...2,22
3,12
9,28
Diseng’d
0,54...0,99
2,34...2,94
4,13
12,28
Eng’d.
0...0,92
1,69...2,75
3,86
11,48
Eng’d.выкл.
0,29...1,22
2,14...3,64
5,11
15,2
Eng’d.
0,64...1,58
3,5...4,69
6,58
19,55
Diseng’d
1,14...2,09
4,92...6,21
8,71
25,87*
* For safety purposes, DO NOT engaged this gear.
Fig. 32. Superreducer location on the gearbox (GB):
1 — speed I and reverse shaft; 2 — cover gasket; 3 — left-hand side hatch cover; 4 — spring ring; 5 —
superreducer engagement driven gear; 6 — first and reverse driven gear; 7 — I speed and reverse sliding
gear.
GБеларус 80.1/82.1/82.2/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки
71
To install a superreducer on the tractor,
proceed as follows:
1. Drain oil from the power train housings.
2. Remove the servo unit and clutch
control rod.
3. Remove the GB left-hand hatch cover.
4. Unmesh gear 5 (see Fig. 32), by
having shifted the spring ring (4)
backwards until it thrusts against the
shaft shoulder 1.
5. Place a gasket and the superreducer
(SR) on the GB left hatch. In doing
this, pay special attention to the fork
entering the SR engagement gear
slot; then, tighten with bolts. Place
copper washers, instead of spring
washers under the bolts which pass
through the superreducer oil chamber.
6. Set oil intake.
7. Install the SR control rod, first passing it through the hole for the side
P.T.O. control rod in the cab floor.
8. Install the throttle control rod by
bringing it through a hole in the cab
floor (the hole is to be pre-drilled in a
fitting place).
9. Install and adjust the servo unit and
clutch control rod.
10. Fill in oil up to the level of inspection
hole plug, and add 10 l more.
With a superreducer installed, to get the
tractor moving, disengage the clutch,
throw into required gear, then, engage
the superreducer by pushing the control
rod down, release the clutch pedal and
se the desired travel speed by rotating
the throttle knob. To shift gears, return
the throttle control to its initial position,
then, back off four turns, depress the
clutch pedal, shift into gear, release the
clutch pedal and set the required speed
by the throttle and fuel feed.
Beside the above-given information,
make use of a user’s guide enclosed with
every SR piece to be shipped to the user.
Tractors Belarus 80.1/82.1/82.2 are
shipped with gearboxes not equipped
with installed superreducer drive. When
ordering a tractor equipped with a superreducer drive in the GB from the Manufacturing Works (MTZ), indicate the following:
"Tractor Belarus 80.1 (or Belarus
82.1/82.2) equipped with a superreducer drive." A conventional designation of such a tractor is: "Belarus
80.1.25" or "Belarus 82.1.25".
Superreducers are options to be purchased separately from the tractor.
Belarus МТЗ-80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации и регулировки
Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки МТЗ80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
72
6.8.11. Rear Wheel Twinning
To improve the off-road capability, tractors may be fitted with twinned rear
wheels, standard sizes 9,5-42 and
11.2R42, through auxiliary spacer-ring
pieces. To install an additional wheel,
remove the main wheel (see Fig. 33),
squeeze short-sized bolts out of hub (2)
and press in instead long-sized bolts (1)
to be found in a delivery set. Mount the
main wheel onto the bolts (1) and fasten
it with nuts (3). Then, place onto the
same bolts a spacer-ring piece (4) and
fix it with nuts (5). Thereafter, install an
additional wheel on bolts (6) of the spacer ring piece (4) and fasten it home with
nuts (7). Torque the rear wheels nuts to
300…350 N•m (30…35 kgf/cm2).
Fig. 33
CAUTION! NEVER use twinned
wheels to augment the towing force at
the hook.
In Figure: Main wheel / Additional wheel
2700-2900 mm; overall dimension with
wheels 15.5R38 installed
430 mm
Axle shaft
6.8.12. Hints on Aggregation of tractors «Belarus» 82Р
6.8.13. Hints on Tractor Control During Operation
Tractors intended for rice-growing can
aggregate with the majority of argricultural machinery designed for tractor
standard model. To work on check plots
of rice fields, flooded with water, tractors
МТZ-82Р are to be ganged up with the
following machines and implements:
Plough ПЛН-3-35; stubble breaking
plough ППЛ-5-25; disc harrow БДН-3,0;
high-speed spiked tooth harrow БЗТС-1;
smoothing harrow ШБ-2,5; mounted
cultibator КПС-4; presowing land leveller
(central section) ВП-8; blade-grader ГН2,8.
While running the tractor be sure:
а) to watch instrument readings. DO
NOT operate the tractor, if instruments are faulty, including the buzzer;
b) if diesel-engine crankshaft r.p.m. get
excessively high (i.e. the dieselengine is racing), immediately cut
out the fuel feed and, at the same
time, pull out the diesel-engine
emergency stop knob;
c) DO NOT allow diesel-engine smoking and a substantial drop in engine
r.p.m. due to overload;
d) DO NOT operate the tractor with the
clutch slipping;
e) DO NOT jerk the tractor in motion
under increased load condition;
f) clear or pass an obstruction with 2st
or 2nd gear engaged, with the die-
GБеларус 80.1/82.1/82.2/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки
73
sel-engine crankshaft running at low
speeds;
Belarus МТЗ-80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации и регулировки
Раздел 6. Правила эксплуатации и регулировки МТЗ80.1/82.1/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
74
g) watch closely the performance of
mounted and trailed agricultural implements and tools;
h) when handling the tractor, be sure to
follow instructions given in this section;
i) check the inflation pressure in tyres.
Make sure there is no leaks of water,
oil, fuel, and/or electrolyte; remove
leaks, if detected;
j) with the diesel-engine running, keep
watch on brakes performance and
the amount of the steering wheel
play. Make a habit of taking timely
remedial actions on all the faults and
defects detected, using relevant sections of this Manual as a guide.
k) clean the tractor regularly from dust
and dirt, check all the external
mechanisms and units of the tractor
for completeness and reliable fastening. Pay special attention to tightening of tractor power units attachment hardware.
During intervals between shifts, check
the levels of oil in the diesel-engine
crankcase, and that of coolant in the radiator.
6.8.14. Tractor Transportation and
Towing
Tractors can be transported by rail-road,
on motor vehicles and/or trailers. Also,
tractors may be delivered to destination
by towing and under its own power.
When preparing tractors for transport,
proceed as follows: set the transmission
gearbox levers to 1st gear; apply the
parking brake; fasten the tractor to the
platform with 3.5-mm wire bracings, or
use chains or guy ropes.
Fig. 34. Tractor cable hoisting diagram
When handling the tractor for loading/
unloading, make use of facilities with lifting capacity of at least 5 tf. Hoist the
rope at the front and rear wheel ringbolts (see Fig. 34). Towing a tractor with
a disconnected hydraustatic steering unit
(HSCU) is admissible over the distance
of up to 5 km, at a speed of up to 10
km/h, max.
CAUTION! When hoisted at the ringnuts, the tractor can swing forward or
backward up to 1.5 m.
To connect a towing rope, there provided
a tow device on the front beam.
When towing the tractor, be sure to strictly observe relevant traffic regulations.
DO NOT use the towing shackle for
hoisting the tractor.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
74
7.
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
Servicing of the tractor is a scheduled
maintenance that implies the fulfillment
of operations which ensure operative
condition and efficient operation of the
machine within the limits of specified
service life.
Carry out maintenance works in time and
in the scope recommended in this Manual. Depending on tractor operating conditions, departure from the prescribed intervals in-between maintenance schedules is permissible within ±10 percent.
The tractor service log-book should contain all the records to be entered after
each maintenance service schedule carried out on the machine.
ATTENTION!
In the course of servicing the hitch
linkage hydraulic system and steering
controls of the tractor, close observance of oil change and filter (elements) replacement intervals is a
must. Filling (refilling) of oils which are
not recommended by the Tractor Operation and Service Manual is impermissible.
Before filling in the system and/or replacement of filter elements, clean filler plugs, throats, filter caps and adjoining surfaces from dust and dirt. When
replacing filter elements, be sure to
flush the inner surfaces of filter bodies
and caps.
When the tractor is ganged-up with agricultural hydraulically-controlled machines or implements, clean thoroughly
clutches, connection unions, adapters
and other standard fittings of farm machines and the tractor.
In the case of hydraulic hitch linkage
system operating under heavy loads,
as well as in combination with hydraulically controlled agricultural machines,
whose systems are filled with oil of unknown origin, it is strongly recommended to cut the intervals between
filter elements replacement.
Keep firmly in mind that pure and
clean oil in the hydraulic system
guarantees its trouble-free operation.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
75
TYPES OF MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
Table 7
Maintenance intervals and terms of servicing ex
Type of maintenance procedures
in tractor operating hours
fuel to be consumed,
kg
Pre-operation servicing
Pre-running-in MS
Prior to tractor running-in
MS in process of running-in
MS during running-in
Post-running-in maintenance service
After 30 operating hours
Schedule maintenance:
Inter-shift maintenance servicing (ISM)
8-10
Maintenance service schedule No. 1 (MS-1)
125
1050
Maintenance service schedule No. 2 (MS-2)
500
4200
Maintenance service schedule No. 3 (MS-3)
1000
8400
Seasonal maintenance procedures (MS-SS and
MS-AW)
In preparation for AutumnWinter (MS-AW) operation
and Spring-Summer (MSSS) driving period
MS under special service conditions
In preparation for operation
under special service conditions
Maintenance service procedures when in storage
7.1. MAINTENANCE SERVICE OF THE
TRACTOR IN PREPARATION FOR
FIRST OPERATION
7.1.1. Maintenance Service in Preparation of Tractor for Running-In
а) clean the tractor from dust and dirt,
remove protective grease (if applied
on the tractor);
b) check the level of oil and top up, if required, in: the diesel-engine crankcase; air cleaner oil pan; hydraulic
system tank; hydraulic steering booster body; housing of power transmission; FDA housing; FDA wheel-hub
reducing gear housings; intermediate
bearing; rear axle hub reducing gears
for tractor Belarus-82P;
c) lubricate the clutch release bearing,
steering knuckle bearings; right-hand
drop link pinion; rear hitch linkage
shaft bushings; HSCU hydraulic cylinder joints (if installed);
d) check the storage battery, dress terminals from oxide films, and smear
them with petroleum jelly; clean the
vent holes of plugs; check the degree
of discharge;
e) check and adjust, if required, the following: tensioning of the fan driving
belt; tractor steering and control mechanisms; inflation pressure in tyres; front
wheel toe-in;
f) check and tighten up, if required, external threaded joints;
g) fill in the radiator with coolant;
h) listen to the running diesel-engine and
check to see that instruments and
gauges read within the prescribed
specifications.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
76
7.1.2. Maintenance Service During
Running-In:
а) check the level of, and top up as required, the following: oil in the dieselengine crankcase, coolant in the radiator, water in the cab heating tank (on
tractors equipped with small-scale
cab;
b) drain condensate from the pneumatic
system bottle;
c) check to see if the air cleaner is
plugged by the warning lamp;
d) check to see that the diesel-engine,
controls, lighting and signaling systems, windshield wiper and brakes are
in serviceable condition.
7.1.3. Post-Running-In Maintenance
Service (after 30 tractor operating
hours):
а) inspect and wash the tractor;
b) start the diesel-engine and listen to all
the mechanisms and units of the tractor in running;
c) check and adjust, if necessary, the following: tensioning of the fan driving
belt, free play of the clutch pedal,
brake pedal and the pneumatic system;
d) check storage batteries; clean the battery surface, terminals, cable clamping
leads, vent holes in plugs;
e) change oil in the diesel-engine crankcase, air cleaner oil pan, power
transmission housings, FDA and intermediate support, hub reducing
gears for tractor Belarus-82P;
f) lubricate clutch release bearings;
g) clean the centrifugal oil filter;
h) flush the tractor hydraulic system
gauze filter (tractors equipped with a
small-scale cab); replace the hydraulic
system
filter
element
(tractors
equipped with a unitized cab);
i) clean the diesel-engine oil primary filter by flushing;
j) heck and tighten, if required, the following: external attachments of tractor
components, including diesel-engine
cylinder block bolts and fixing bolts of
the universal-joint shaft intermediate
bearing support on the transmission
clutch housing (for tractors equipped
with a FDA); power drive housing
bolts, rear wheel hub bolts, rear hitch
linkage turn shaft bracket bolts, nuts
on front and rear wheels;
k) check and adjust diesel-engine valveto-rocker arm clearances;
l) check and top up, as required: the
level of coolant in the radiator, water in
the air heating and cooling unit for a
small-scale cab (with the unit running
in the cooling mode);
m)drain: sludge from the fuel coarse filter
and condensate from the pneumatic
system air receiver;
n) check the diesel-engine air cleaner
and intake manifolds for air tightness;
o) check to see that the diesel-engine,
controls, lighting and signaling systems, windshield wiper are in serviceable condition.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
77
LUBRICATION CHART AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES DIAGRAM
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
78
7.2. MAINTENANCE SERVICE SCHEDULES
Item No. in
diagram
Table 8
Scope of operations performed
Maintenance intervals,
hr
10
125
Technical requirements
500 1000
Check and adjust, if required:
Х
1
fan driving belt tension
2
inflation pressure of tyres and
tyre condition
3
clutch pedal free travel
х
40...50 mm against pedal pad
4
overall travel of service brake
pedals
х
70-90 mm (110-120 mm for tractors with unitized cab, at 125 N
(12,5 кгс)
5
parking brake lever throw
х
Under 200 N (20 kgf) applied to
lever, the cog should move and
lock in 3rd or 4th tooth space of the
sector
6
steering wheel backlash
х
Up to 25°, max., with the dieselengine running
7
air pressure and pressure drop in
the pneumatic system
х
6,5-8,0 kgf/cm2 (0,65-0,80 MPa);
pressure drop not more than 2,0
кг/см2 (0,2 MPa) in 30 min.
8
front wheel toe-in
9
valve-to-rock arm clearances
10
cylinder head bolts tightening,
with further adjustment of valveto-rock arm clearances
11
rear P.T.O. shaft planetary reducing gear control mechanism
12
steering rod joints
13
FDA planetary-and-spur reducing gear bearings
х
Knuckle turning effort as applied
to wheel attachment bracket
should be within 6...8 kgf.
14
tightening of intermediate bearing safety clutch nut
х
Clutch should transfer a torque of
40-80 kgf•m (400-800 N•m).
Belt sagging on «alternator pulley
-crankcase pulley» leg — 15-22
mm, at 40 N (4 kgf) applied
х
Inflation pressure in tyres according to values specified in Table 4.
Х
0-8 mm;
х
х
х
Х
0,25+0,05 mm on a cold dieselengine, for впускных и выпускных клапанов
Tightening torque of 19 to 21
kgf•m (190-210 N•m). Tightening
pattern, refer to Fig. 36.
When shifting, the effort at the
control lever should be 12-15 kgf
(120-150 N); shifting from disengaged to engaged position should
be positive.
No gaps can be admitted in joints.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
79
Item No. in
diagram
Table 8, continued
Scope of operations performed
10
16
19
20
21
22
23
24
26
27
29
30
31
Maintenance intervals,
hr
125
500 1000
Х
FDA planetary-and-spur reducing gear flange bearings
Operation of diesel-engine startup interlock switch
Check the level and top up, as required:
coolant in the radiator
Check the oil level and top up, as
required:
in diesel-engine crankcase
in transmission housings
in the hydraulic steering booster
casing
in FDA housing, FDA wheel-hub
reducing gear casings
in upper bevel pairs (FDA with
bevel wheel reducing gearings)
in the intermediate bearing support housing
in rear axle wheel-hub reducing
gearings (tractor Belarus-82Р)
in the hydraulic hitch linkage tank
Change oil in diesel-engine crankcase, drain oil from the fuel pump
body
Replace filtering element in the fuel
fine filter
Replace filtering element in the hydraulic system oil tank (tractors
equipped with a unitized cab)
Lubricate:
clutch release bearing
32
33
fore axle steering knuckle bushing
HSCU hydraulic cylinder joints
34
35
RHL right-hand drop link pinion
rear hitch linkage shat bushings

Every other MS-1.
Technical requirements
Х
х
Tighten adjusting nut to a torque of
18...20 kgf•m, then, back it off
through 15 to 20°. Prick-punch the
nut in two slots of the flange.
DO NOT start the diesel-engine
with engaged gear.
50-60 mm below the top edge of
the filler throat.
х
Up to top mark on the oil dipstick.
Up to top mark on the oil gauge.
Up to top mark on the oil gauge.
х
х
х
Up to the level of inspection
holes.
Up to the level of inspection filler
holes.
Up to the level of inspection hole.
х
Up to the level of inspection
holes.
Up to mark “П” (Full) on oil
measuring rule
Drain oil from a warmed-up diesel-engine, fill in fresh oil up to
the top mark on the oil dipstick.
As a preliminary, drain sediment
from the filter bowl.
х
х
х
х
Х
х
х
4-6 jerks of the grease gun
нагнетаний шприцем
10-12 jerks of the grease gun
х
х
Х
Until lubricant is squeezed out
from gaps.
3-4 jerks of the grease gun
Until lubricant is squeezed out
from gaps.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
80
Item No. in
diagram
Table 8, continued
Scope of operations performed
Maintenance intervals,
hr
10
125
Technical requirements
500 1000
35а
steering tie-rod joints
36
FDA planetary-and-spur reducing gears bearings
Х
4-6 jerks of the oil gun
37
check the level and condition of
oil in the air-cleaner oil sump, top
up or change, as required.
Х
Up to the level of an annular band
on the sump; no mechanical admixtures in oil can be admitted.
38
clean the inner surface of the air
coarse filter
х
Until fully clean.
39
dismantle and flush the body, filter elements and central tube
х
Until all contaminants are removed.
40
check air tightness of all joints of
the air cleaner and inlet pipeline
х
Air inleakage can not be tolerated.
The diesel-engine running at intermediate r.p.m. should stall, if the air
cleaner central tube is closed (with
the coarse filter removed).
42
Carry out servicing of the ventilation and heating system filter (for
tractors with a unitized cab installed)
х
0,015 kg
Х
Clean the filter by vigorous shaking and blow-through with compressed air.
Drain:
х
43
condensate from the receiver
44
sludge and residue from the fuel
coarse filter
66
sludge and residue from the fuel
fine filter
х
Until clear fuel appears.
67
sludge and residue from fuel
tanks
х
Until clear fuel appears.
Until condensate is completely removed
х
Until clear fuel appears.
Check:
45
diesel-engine, steering controls,
brakes, lighting and signaling
systems, and windshield wiper
for serviceability
х
The diesel-engine should run stable
at any crankshaft r.p.m. Steering controls, lighting and signaling systems, windshield wiper and
brakes should be in good working
order.
Check and tighten up, if required,
outer joints and fixtures of various
units and components, as follows:
х
46
tightening of nuts of the steering
knuckle levers
46а
HSB drop arm nut (if installed)
х
47
frame girders to front beam and
to the clutch housing connections
х
No slackening of threaded and
other joints and connections can
be tolerated.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
81
Item No. in
diagram
Table 8, continued
Scope of operations performed
Maintenance intervals,
hr
10
125
500 1000
48
GB housing to rear axle and
clutch housing
х
49
attachment bolts of the RHL turn
shaft bracket
х
50
fastening wheel nuts and hub attachment bolts
х
51
52
53
On tractors Belarus 82.1/82.2/82Р,
in addition:
pivot tube flange bolts, front driving axle wedge nuts, intermediate bearing support bolts propeller shaft flange bolts
wheel-hub reducing gear casings
(tractor Belarus-82Р) to the rear
axle housing
Carry out servicing of storage batteries:
check the condition and clean, if
required, storage battery outer surface, or dress terminals and wire
leads, vent holes in plugs, smear
terminals and wire leads
Technical requirements
Х
х
х
Battery poles should be clean
from oxides, vent hole should be
free
54
check the level of electrolyte and
add distilled water, if required
х
Electrolyte level should be 12-15
mm above the guard grid
55
check the battery state of charge
by assessing electrolyte density;
recharge the battery or replace
them with charged ones, if required
х
Storage batteries discharge in
excess of 50% or 25% in summer
and winter, respectively, is intolerable.
Clean and wash:
56
centrifugal oil filter of the dieselengine
х
Deposit layer is subject to complete removal. Rotor should run
out for 30-60 seconds after the
diesel-engine stops.
57
filter element of the pneumatic
system pressure regulator (when
the pneumatic system is in constant use)
х
Wash until all contaminants are
removed.
58
diesel-engine oil preliminary filter
Х
Clean and wash to remove contaminants.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
82
Item No. in
diagram
Table 8, continued
Scope of operations performed
Maintenance intervals,
hr
10
125
Technical requirements
500 1000
Flush or wash:
х
59
fuel coarse filter
60
hydraulic hitch system overflow
filters (on tractors with a smallscale cab) and hydraulic steering
booster
61
breather and strainer of the diesel-engine oil filler
х
Until contaminants are removed.
62
fuel tank lid and filters
х
Until contaminants are removed.
64

Dismantle the fuel pump and have
sent to workshop for tests and adjustment. When reinstalling the pump
of diesel-engine, check and adjust
the fuel injection advance angle
65* Check and adjust the nozzles under
injection pressure, as well as fuel
atomization quality
66** Remove the starter and have it sent
it to workshop for repair
* Every 2000 vehicles•hours.
** Every 3000 vehicles•hours.
х
Until contaminants are removed.
Until contaminants are removed.
Fuel injection advance angle determined by meniscus method
with a ignition tester with respect
to piston TDC 19…21°
Injection pressure of 220+8
kgf/cm2 (21,6+0,8 MPa). Atomization quality — without solid jets
and thickening. No atomizer drips
are intolerable.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
83
7.2.1. Seasonal Maintenance Services (MS-SS and MS-03)
Overlap operations of Seasonal Maintenance Services with those of Maintenance Service Schedule next in turn (refer to Table 9).
Table 9
Scope of operations performed
When preparing for autumn-winter operation (at
standing average daily temperature of below + 5° С)
Change oil summer-grades for winter-grades (refer
to Table on Lubricants and lubrication Chart):
in diesel-engine crankcase;
in hydraulic unit housings;
in hydraulic steering booster руля;
in transmission housings;
in FDA housing;
in FDA wheel-hub reducing gears;
in intermediate bearing support;
in hub reducing gears of tractors Belarus-82Р.
Drive in the seasonal voltage adjustment screw on the
alternator to a stop (position «Z» — winter)*.
Change lubricant in front wheel hubs on tractors
Belarus-80.1/80.2.
Adjust clearance in wheel bearings.
Fill in the diesel-engine cooling system with antifreeze for low temperatures, first flushing the cooling
system.
Clean calibrated hole in coupling bolt of the electrical
torch pre-heater.
Remove propeller shafts, check flanges for tightness in
axial direction on the transfer box shafts, intermediate
bearing support and main drive pinion (for tractors
equipped with a FDA). Take up axial backlashes by
retightening nuts.
When preparing for sprin-summer operation (at
standing average daily temperature of above, or
equal to, + 5° С)
Change oil winter -grades for summer -grades
in diesel-engine crankcase;
in hydraulic unit housings;
in hydraulic steering booster руля;
in transmission housings;
in FDA housing;
in FDA wheel-hub reducing gears;
in intermediate bearing support;
in hub reducing gears of tractors Belarus-82Р.
Set the seasonal adjustment screw on the alternator into position «L» — summer*.
*) If the adjusting screw available on the alternator.
7.2.2. Oil and Fuel Holding Capacities, l
Diesel-engine lubrication system (incl. oil radiator)
Diesel-engine cooling system (incl. radiator)
Transmission housing
FDA housing with bevel reducing gearings (tractor Belarus-82.1)
FDA housing with planetary-and spur reducing gears (tractor Belarus-82.2)
FDA reduction gear housing with bevel reducing gearings (each)
Upper bevel gear pair in FDA reduction bevel gearbox (each)
Planetary-and spur reducing gearbox housing (each)
Hydraulic system and HSCU oil tank
Fuel tanks (2 pcs)
FDA universal-joint drive in the intermediate bearing support housing
HSB casing
Wheel-hub drive housing, tractor Belarus-82 Р (each)
13.3
17
40
1.6
3.7
1.8
0.3
2.0
21.5
130
0.15
6.0
3.7
Раздел 7. Техническое обслуживание
Беларус 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
84
7.3. TRACTOR MAINTENANCE SERVICING UNDER SPECIAL CONDITIONS
When operating the tractor under special
conditions (at low temperatures, in desert, running on sandy and marshy soils,
rocky grounds), the same adopted
maintenance intervals and scopes are
observed.
Besides, the works listed below are either introduced in addition or carried out
more frequently.
When in operation in a desert, on
sandy soils, at elevated temperatures
and/or heavily dust-laden atmosphere.
Fill in the diesel-engine with oil and fuel
by a «closed» method. Every three shifts
change oil in the air cleaner pan.
When carrying out MS Schedule-1, be
sure to check:
• oil in the diesel-engine; no mechanical
and/or other impurities in oil can be admitted. Change oil, as necessary;
• the central air cleaner tube (the tube
should be clean). Wash and service the
air cleaner every 20 hours;
• flush with a jet of water or blow through
with compressed air the coolant radiator
core. The radiator should be clean, with
no traces of oil on its surface. In the process of MS Schedule-2 wash the fuel
tank cap.
When running the tractor at low temperatures, be sure to warm up the
diesel-engine to 20-30 °С before starting the engine. At the end of a shift, refill
the tanks with fuel in full (at minus 30°С
use arctic fuel), and drain condensate
from the pneumatic system bottles. The
cooling system should be filled with antifreezing solution.
When running the tractor on a rocky
ground, as well as under high-altitude
conditions.
Check the running gear and other tractor
components for damage by external inspection and every shift. Also, check tightness of plugs on the diesel-engine crankcase, rear axle and FDA, driving wheel attachment. Check the radiator plugs in the
diesel-engine cooling system for leaktightness.
Operation under high-altitude conditions, to ensure against deterioration of
normal operation processes in the dieselengine, carry out adjustment of the duel
pump with the intent of reducing its output within the limits as follows:
• At 1500-2000 m above the sea level –
reduce the pump delivery by 10%;
• at 2000-2500 m — by 15%;
• at 2500-3000 m — by 20 %;
• operation at heights exceeding 3000
m should be discourage.
7.4. Technical servicing of the tractor
during preparation for storage, in
storage and after storage
Technical servicing of the tractor in the
listed cases should be carried out in accordance with the rules and norms specified under Section 9. «Storage Regulations for the Tractor»).
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
85
7.5. LUBRICATION TABLE
21
Name, grade and standards on lubricants and liquids
Lube points
In-service lubrication at temperatures
from –40°С до +5°С
from +5°С to +50°С
In-service
charge, l
Lubrication
during
storage (up
to 6
months)
12,0
12,0
Lubrication
intervals, v•hr
Number of lube
points
Ref. No. as per MS
Table 10
main
1
500
Equivalents
Engine oil:
Main
Diesel-engine
crankcase
М-8ДМ
GOST 8581-78
М-10ДМ
GOST 8581-78
Equivalents
М-8Г2К
GOST 8581-78
М-10Г2К
GOST 8581-78,
М-10Г2 modified
Specs. 401-58-16996
27
Fuel pump
37
Air cleaner sump Preliminary settled and filtered used engine oil
22
Power train
housing
Engine oil, same as in diesel-engine
250
500
0,25
–//–
1
When new or
overhauled
pump is installed
1,5
1,5
1
500
40
40
1
Main
Transmission oil ТАп-15В;
ТСп-10; ТСп-15К GOST23652-79
During seasonal
maintenance
service
Equivalents
Transmission oil ТАД-17 and GOST
23652-79
11
FDA wheel
transmission
reduction gear
(Belarus 82P)
Ditto
Ditto
3,7
3,7
2
Ditto
Ditto
24
FDA wheel
transmission
reduction gear
gousing
Ditto
Ditto
1,8 (2,0)
1,8 (2,0)
2
Ditto
Ditto
24
FDA housing
Ditto
Ditto
1,6 (3,7)
1,6 (3,7)
1
Ditto
Ditto
24
FDA upper bevel
pair housing
(Belarus 82.1)
Ditto
Ditto
0,25
0,25
2
Ditto
Ditto
24
FDA drive intermediate support
Ditto
Ditto
0,15
0,15
1
Ditto
Drive pulley
Ditto
Ditto
0,50
0,50
1
Ditto
* At temperatures from –15°С to –20°С, dilute with spindle oil АУ ГОСТ 1642-75 or Industrial oil И-12А
**
ГОСТ 20799-75 up to 30% charge volume. At –55°С, dilute up to 15% of volume of charge with winter
diesel fuel.
In brackets: holding capacities for FDA with planetary-and-spur reducer gear.
Раздел 7. Техническое обслуживание
Беларус 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
86
26
Name, grade and standards on lubricants and liquids
Lube points
In-service lubrication at temperatures
from –40°С до +5°С
from +5°С to +50°С
Number of lube
points
equivalents
Ref. No. as per MS
Table 10, continued
Lubrication
intervals, v•hr
In-service
charge, l
Lubrication
during
storage (up
to 6
months)
21,5 (УК)
17,5
(м/г каб.)
21,5 (УК)
17,5
(м/г каб.)
1
Ditto
6,0
6,0
1
Ditto
4-6 gun
jerks
(0,02)
4-6 gun
jerks
(0,02)
1
125
main
equivalents
Main
Hydraulic unit
and HSCU hous- Engine oil М-10Г modified Specs. ТУ
2
ings
38.401-58-169-96
М-8Г2К
GOST 8581-78
М-10Г2К
GOST 8581-78
Equivalents
Industrial oil “Hessol Hydraulikoil ”;
“Bechem Staroel №32”, HLP 32, И-3А
GOST 20799-88
23
HSB housing
31
Clutch release
bearing
Ditto
Ditto
Main grease:
“Lithol-24” GOST 21150-75
Equivalent grease:
“Beсhem” LCP-GM multipurpose, semisolid
Front wheels
hub bearings
Ditto
0,4
Ditto
2
32
Fore axle steering knuckle
Ditto
10-12 gun
jerks
Ditto
2
500
34
Adjustable droplink gear
Ditto
1
1000
35
Ditto
Until
grease is
squeezed
out of gaps
(0,01)
Ditto
2
1000
Ditto
0,015
Ditto
4
500
HSCU ram (if
installed)
Ditto
Ditto
Ditto
Bearings of
steering axis of
FDA with planetary-and-spur
reduction gears
Ditto
0,03
0,03
Rear hitch linkage turn shaft
bushings
35а Steering tie-rod
joints
36
During seasonal
maintenance
service
250
4
125
Note: If engine oils of required grade are not available in winter time, summer-grade oils may be used,
with addition of 15% (by weight) of winter-grade diesel fuel.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
87
7.6. SCOPE AND SEQUENCE OF
BASIC MAINTENANCE SERVICE AND
ADJUSTMENT OPERATIONS
7.6.1. Diesel-Engine
CHANGE OF OIL IN THE DIESELENGINE CRANKCASE
When changing oil in the diesel-engine
crankcase, follow the directions as follows:
а) use in the oil sump only oil recommended in this Manual, corresponding to the season of operation;
b) fill in oil up to the top mark on the oil
dipstick. DO NOT run the diesel-engine
when oil level is below the lower mark
or above the upper mark on the dipstick; check the level not earlier than in
3-5 min. after the diesel-engine has
been stopped;
c) change oil in the diesel-engine
crankcase every 500 hours (during
scheduled MS-2).
To drain oil from the lower part of the
diesel-engine crankcase, there is a hole
stopped with a plug.
CHECKS AND ADJUSTMENT OF
CLEARANCES IN DIESEL-ENGINE
VALVES
а) remove the hood of the cylinder head
cover;
b) check the rocker arm shaft support
attachment for tightening;
c) set the first cylinder piston to the
TDC (both valve should be closed);
г) loosen lock-nut (2) of the screw on
the rocker arm of the valve to be adjusted and, driving screw (1) in or
out, set the required clearance between the rocker arm face and the
valve stem against feeler gauge (3).
When the clearance is set, tighten
the lock-nut and again check the
clearance with the feeler gauge, rotating the shaft. The valves should
be adjusted in a sequence which
agrees with the cylinder firing order
of the diesel-engine (1-3-4-2), rotate
the crankshaft 1/2 turn more, in the
clockwise direction.
After running-in a new tractor and every
500 hours, as well as when removing the
cylinder heads, tightening up attaching
bolts of the cylinder head and in case of
valve knocks, check and adjust valveand-rocker arm clearances (during
scheduled MS-2).
The clearance between the rocker-arm
face and the valve stem butt-end on a
cold diesel-engine is to be adjusted within 0.25...0.30 mm for exhaust and intake
valves.
To adjust, proceed as follows (see Fig.
35):
Fig. 35. Adjustment of diesel-engine valve
clearances.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
It is possible to adjust the valves by still
another method, namely:-а) remove the hood of the cylinder head
cover;
b) check the rocker arm shaft support
attachment for tightening;
в) turn the crankshaft to a position
wherein the valves in the first cylinder are closed (No. 1 cylinder intake
valve just starts to open, while No. 1
cylinder exhaust valve is near the
bottom of its stroke) and adjust
clearances in Nos. 4, 6, 7 and 8
valves (count the valves starting
from the fan);
г) rotate the crankshaft one complete
turn more to close the valves in No.
4 cylinder and adjust clearances in
Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 5 valves.
On completion of the clearance adjustment, refit the cover hood back in place.
When running a re-check on a cold diesel-engine, clearances of 0.20...0.35 mm
for intake and exhaust valves are permissible.
CHECK OF THE CYLINDER HEAD ATTACHMENT BOLTS FOR TIGHTENING
Check of the cylinder head bolts tightening is to be carried out immediately after
the running-in of a new tractor and, then,
every 1000 hours (during scheduled MS3) on a warmed-up diesel-engine, in the
sequence as follows:
а) remove the hood and the cylinder
head;
б) remove the shaft with the rocker-arm
and support assemblies;
в) use a torque wrench to check tightening of all the cylinder head bolts in
the order illustrated in Fig. 36. Tighten to 19-21 kgf•m (190-210 N•m)
torque;
г) on completion of the cylinder head
bolt tightening check, reinstall the
assembled rocker-arm shaft and
make adjustment of a valve lash.
Reinstall the cylinder head and the
cover hood back in place.
Fig. 36
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
89
DISMANTLING AND CLEANING OF
THE OIL CENTRIFUGAL FILTER
Cleaning of the centrifugal oil filter rotor
is to be carried out simultaneously with
changing oil in the diesel-engine crankcase.
Clean the rotor in a sequence, as follows:
а) unscrew cap nut (1) (see Fig. 37) attaching bowl (2) of the centrifugal oil
filter and remove the bowl;
б) insert a screw-driver (a small diameter rod) between the rotor bottom
and the filter body and fix rotor to
prevent it from turning (see Fig. 38).
Using a S = 36 mm spanner and rotating nut (4) which fixes the rotor
cup, pull off cup 3 from the rotor
body;
в) using a wooden scraper, remove a
sludge layer from the inner walls of
the rotor cup;
г) clean the jet openings in the upper
part of the rotor shaft, if required;
д) reassemble the rotor in the reverse
order to that of dismantling operations; be sure to make the marks on
the rotor and the rotor cup coincident. Before fitting the rotor cup in
place, cover the packing ring with
engine oil. Tighten the cup nut with a
light effort, until the cup is driven
home onto the rotor; tighten the nut
1 of the bowl 2 to 3,5-5,0 kgf•m (3550 N•m) torque;
е) check operation of the centrifugal oil
filter.
After the diesel-engine is stopped, there
should be hear a slight noise of the spinning rotor under the rotor bowl for some
30-60 seconds.
Fig. 37
Fig. 38
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
FLUSHING THROUGH THE OIL PRELIMINARY FILTER
After running-in and every 1000 hours of
operation wash the oil preliminary filter 1
(see Fig. 39) and blow through with
compressed air until all contaminants are
removed. To do this, first disconnect the
filter from the diesel-engine oil pipeline.
When reinstalling the filter in the oil pipeline, see to that that oil enters the pipeline in the same direction, as before filter
disconnection.
WASHING THE BREATHER FILTER
MEDIUM
Fig. 39
Wash the breather filter medium in diesel
fuel every 1000 hours of diesel-engine
operation (during scheduled MS-3). To
do this, remove the breather body from
the tractor, take out the breather, wash
and blow through with compressed air.
Pour some motor oil into the breather
and refit it in place, by first allowing the
oil to run off.
Simultaneously with washing the breather, wash the screen installed between
the oil filler neck and the cylinder block.
ADJUSTMENT OF THE CENTRIFUGE
DRAIN VALVE
With the diesel-engine running at rated
r.p.m. and water temperature of 95 °С,
oil pressure should be 2.5-3.5 kgf/cm2
(0.25-0.35 MPa). If the oil pressure (under the conditions specified above) is below 1.0 kgf/cm2 (0.1 MPa), stop the diesel-engine, locate and remove the cause
of oil pressure drop. Readjust oil pressure by tightening the drain valve spring
in the centrifugal oil filter (see Fig. 40),
with the threaded plug previously removed.
Fig. 40
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES FOR
COOLING SYSTEM
When performing scheduled maintenance services on the cooling system,
follow the recommendations below:
а) keep the coolant level in the upper
tank some 50…60 mm below the top
end plane of the radiator filler neck
(at the same time, the coolant level
should not be lower than 100 mm
from the filler throat end-plane);
b) keep an eye on the coolant temperature. Should the temperature rise,
check the level of coolant in the tank
and tension of the fan belt;
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
91
c) keep the radiator clean, cleanse it at
regular intervals;
d) check the fan drive belt for proper
tension every 125 hours of dieselengine operation (during scheduled
maintenance service MS-1). Tension
of belt sections between the pulleys
of the crankshaft and the alternator
should be such as to sag 15-22 mm,
when a 40 N pressure is applied to
the belt. Tension is adjusted by relocating the alternator body by turning;
e) when required, and at intervals of
not more than 2000 hour of dieselengine operation, clean the cooling
system from scale. To do this, fill it
up with a solution of 50-60 g soda
ash and 1 l water; start the dieselengine and let it run for 8…10 hours.
Then, stop the diesel-engine, drain
the solution from the system, and
flush it through with fresh water;
f) the water pump of the cooling system houses bearings and end packing, which do not require servicing
throughout the tractor service life.
c) fill the pan (7) with oil up to the ring
shoulder and refit it back in place;
d) check all the connection and joints of
the air cleaner and air inlet pipeline;
to do this, with the monocyclon removed and the diesel-engine running at intermediate r.p.m., shut off
the central tube of the air cleaner; as
this takes place, the diesel-engine
should quickly stall. Otherwise, identify and remove the leakages
through joints;
e) after washing, reassemble the filter
elements (2, 3 and 4) in the following
order: first, element (2) (black), with
the smallest diameter of thread (0.2
mm); then — filter element (3), with
an intermediate diameter (0.24 mm),
and at last — filter element (4), with
the largest diameter (0.4 mm) of
thread. Thereafter, install the cage
(5) and detent (6).
MAINTENANCE OF THE AIR CLEANER
Service the air cleaner every 1000 hours
of diesel-engine operation, as well as
when the air filter clogged warning lamp
alights – indicating its extreme blocking
condition.
To service the air cleaner, proceed as
follows (see Fig. 41):
а) remove the air cleaner from the diesel-engine, dismantle it (separate the
pan and remove filter elements from
the housing);
b) clean and wash the pan (7), housing
(1) and central pipe in diesel fuel;
wash the filter elements. Let the diesel fuel run off, blow the details
through with compressed air, and
reassemble the air cleaner. Refit it
on the diesel-engine;
Fig. 41
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
If a cleaner extreme clogging warning
lamp is not fitted or out of order, proceed
with servicing the air cleaner in the order
as follows: under normal conditions, remove the pan every 125 hours (every 20
hours under heavy dust-laden conditions), and check oil level and condition
of oil. Wash the pan and fill it with fresh
oil up to the level of ring shoulder.
When operating under conditions of air
contaminated with large particles, put on
a protection in the form of a gauze jacket.
Service the air cleaner every 1000 hours,
as directed under items «a», «b», «c»,
«d» and «e».
Fig. 42
Draining the Sludge and Washing the
Fuel Course Filter
Drain sediment every 125 hours of diesel-engine operation (during scheduled
MS-1) from the fuel course filter. To do
this, unscrew the drain plug (2) (see Fig.
42) in the lower part of the cup and drain
sediment until clear fuel runs off.
In 1000 hours of diesel-engine operation
(scheduled MS-3) wash the fuel course
filter, to do this (see Fig. 43):
а) close the fuel tank cock;
b) remove bolts 1 attaching cup 3;
c) remove the cup 3;
d) with the help of a spanner, unscrew
the deflector and grid assembly 2;
e) remove the disperser;
f) Wash the deflector in assy with grid,
wash the disperser, and the filter
barrel (3) in diesel fuel and refit them
back in place.
After filter reassembly, fill up the fuel system with fuel.
Fig. 43
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
93
Draining Sediment and Replacing Filter Elements in the Fuel Fine Filter
Every 500 hours of diesel-engine operation (scheduled MS-2) drain sediment
from the fuel fine filter. To do this, unscrew a plug (see Fig. 44) in the filter
housing and run the sediment until clear
fuel appears.
The filter element should be replaced
every 1000 hours of diesel-engine operation (scheduled MS-3). For this purpose
(see Fig. 45):
а) close the fuel tank cock;
b) drain fuel from the filter , отвернув
пробку (4);
c) unscrew nuts, remove lid (1) of the
filter, remove the filter element (2);
d) wash the lid and the inner space of
the filter;
e) install a new filter element and reassemble the filter;
е) open the fuel tank cock, fill up the
system with fuel, bleed air from the
duel system.
Fig. 44
PRIMING THE FUEL SYSTEM AND
BLEEDING THE AIR
Open the fuel tank cock. Back off plug (3)
(see Fig. 46) on the fuel pump body and
the scavenging valve nipple (1) on the fuel
fine filter 1-2 turns. Using hand priming
pump (2), pump the system through, closing successively – until fuel free of air bubbles runs out – the plug on the fuel pump
body and the nipple on the fuel fine filter.
When air is driven out, screw in the hand
priming pump handle tightly.
Fig. 45
CHECK AND ADJUSTMENT OF
NOZZLES
Every 2000 hours of diesel-engine operation (scheduled MS-3) remove nozzles from the diesel-engine and have
them sent to a workshop for benchchecking.
Fig. 46
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
CHECKING OF FUEL PUMP TIMING
In case of hard starting of the dieselengine, smoky exhaust, irregularities, as
well as replacing and installing the fuel
pump after MS-3 or repair, be sure to
check the point of commencement of fuel
injection on the pump.
For checking the point of fuel injection,
proceed as follows:
а) set the fuel feed control lever to a
position which corresponds to maximum fuel supply;
b) disconnect the high-pressure tube
from No. 1 cylinder pump element
and connect an ignition tester instead (a union nut with a short tube
to which a 1…2-mm inner diameter
glass tube is connected by means of
a rubber tube);
c) turn the diesel-engine crankshaft using a wrench until fuel flows from the
glass tube in a stream that contains
no air bubbles;
d) remove a portion of fuel from the
tube and, while shaking it and slowly
turning the diesel-engine crankshaft
clockwise, observe the fuel level in
the tube. At the instant the fuel start to
rise, stop cranking the shaft;
e) unscrew the set bolt (1) (see Fig. 47)
out of the threaded hole in the rear
plate and insert it with its plain end
into the same hole till it comes to
abut against the flywheel. Now, the
set bolt should register with a hole in
the flywheel (in this position the No,
1 cylinder piston is just 24° before
TDC). In case of misalignment of the
set bolt and the hole, call a qualified
specialist to carry out the adjustment.
Fig. 47
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
95
7.6.2. THE CLUTCH
Clutch Pedal Free-Travel Adjustment
When the tractor is in operation, the clutch
pedal free travel is gradually diminishes
due to the wear of friction linings; the clutch
free travel should be checked every 125
hours of diesel-engine operation. The
stroke of lever (5), as measured on the radius of pin (6) location should be 6…7 mm;
this corresponds to the clutch pedal (1) free
travel of 40…50 mm. To adjust the clutch
linkage, proceed as follows:
1) disconnect rod (8) from lever (5) by
taking out the pin (6);
2) turning out adjusting bolt (2), return
the pedal (1) to its initial position until
it rests against the slanted footboard;
3) turn the lever 5 counterclockwise, to
bring the clutch release bearing to a
stop against the clutch release levers; now, turning fork 7 of the tie-rod
8, bring the holes in the lever and
fork into coincidence. Then, shorten
the tie-rod 8 approximately by 5
turns of the fork 7 and connect it with
the lever by means of the pin. Check
the free play at the clutch pedal pad;
4) check the clutch pedal for return to
its initial position when pushed
through the entire range of its travel.
In case of pedal hang-up, it is necessary to loosen bolts (4) and shift
bracket (3) counterclockwise or drive
the adjusting bolt (2) in to the extent as
would ensure the return of the pedal to
the initial position. If changing the
length of tie-rod (8) fails to adjust the
clutch pedal free travel, and the lever
(5) stroke when measured on the radius of pin (6) location of less than 4
mm, adjust the position of the release
levers in accordance with the directions found below.
When the adjustment of the clutch control mechanism has been completed,
tighten the locknut and cotter the pin.
Fig. 48
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
ADJUSTING THE POSITION OF RELEASE LEVERS
Fig. 50
With the transmission clutch installed on
the flywheel and mounting bolts removed, adjust the position of clutch release levers (3) (see Fig. 50) with the
help of a special arbor (4) based on the
inner diameter of the bearing disk (5)
hub splines and abutting the hub endface. The arbor is provided with a contact surface for the release levers to rest
against. For the arbor dimensions, see
Fig. 50. Using the adjusting nuts (2),
bring the release levers into contact with
the arbor surface and fit the lock washers (1).
In doing so, a distance of А = 13±0.5
mm between the surface whereat the
levers (3) contact the throw-out bearing
to the bearing disk (5) end-face is provided. The difference in this dimension
for the individual clutch release levers
should not exceed 0.3 mm.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
7.6.3. ADJUSTING THE REAR AXLE
DIFFERENTIAL LOCK-UP CONTROL
(TRACTOR EQUIPPED WITH HSB)
To ensure normal operation of the differential lock-up controls, make proper adjustment of the relative position of the
handle (4) (see Fig. 51) and the lock-up
sensor valve (1). To do this:
Fig. 52
Fig. 51
Fig. 53
а) fix the free end of cable (2) in the
clamp by means of screw (3), the
cable end should be 5-10 mm, max.,
beyond the clamp;
б) set the handle (4) to position I (see
item 3 in Fig. 3а). Tighten the cable
before the valve turn is started and
fix the coupling with the screws (3);
bring the second clamp against the
coupling and lock it with the screw.
As a check on correctness of adjustment,
set the handle to position II. Now, the
mark on the screen (1) should be level
with the mark «Engaged» on the locking
sensor cover. The handle and the valve
should return from positions II and III to
position I under the force of the spring.
7.6.4. ADJUSTING THE BRAKE
CONTROLS
To adjust the brake controls, proceed as
follows:
а) unscrew locknuts (1) (see Fig. 52) of
bolts (2);
b) screw bolts (2) into the adjusting
forks or screw them out to the extent
where the full travel of the right-hand
brake pedal on tractors equipped
with small-size cabs to be 70…90
mm; on tractors equipped with a
unitized cab — 110…120 mm at a
force of 12 kgf applied, with the braking distance not more than 9.0 m at
a road speed of 25 km/h and a force
at the interlocked pedals of 600 N.
Also, non-coincidence of wheel braking commencement should be no
more than 1 m (by a tyre tread imprint). The left-hand brake pedal
travel should be 5…20 mm shorter,
to ensure simultaneous operation of
the brakes when interlocked pedals
are activated. A pedal travel of less
than the above-stated values should
be inadmissible, since it results in a
premature wear of the linings and
brake overheating
c) fasten down the lock-nuts (1).
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
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Oil ingress into the brake causes greasing of disks, reduced friction between
their brake friction areas; the brakes
«fade». In this case, dismantle the brake,
eliminate oil leaks, and wash the greased
disks in petroleum, then, let them dry for
5-8 min. Following brake reassembling,
re-adjust brake controls.
7.6.5. ADJUSTING THE PARKING
BRAKE
To adjust the parking brake, proceed as
follows (see Fig. 54):
а) set the parking brake control lever to
its forward position (push away from
you);
b) loosen tightening of the adjusting
bolt (1) lock-nut, as well as lock-nut
(7), and take out pin (5);
c) turn lever 4 and register the upper
edge of slot В1 in lever 2 with the
upper edge of slot В2 in lever 3 of
the right-hand brake pedal. Then, rotating fork 6, register holes in the
lever (4) and fork (6); insert pin (5);
d) turn the bolt 1 in or out, so that,
when pulling the control lever at a
force of 400 N, the catch is retained
in the space between the third and
fourth teeth of the sector, and the
tractor is held good at a 18-percent
steep grade. With the adjustment
completed, tighten up all the locknuts which have been slackened before.
7.6.7. ADJUSTING THE REAR P.T.O.
CONTROL MECHANISM
When assembled at the factory and after
repair (e.g. after replacement of the
Fig. 54
brake bands), the P.T.O. control mechanism should be adjusted in the following
order of operations:
1. Set the eccentric axle (15) (see Fig.
56) to the initial position, so that flat
«В» is to the right, in vertical position; lock it with lock plate 17 and
bolt 16;
2. Disconnect tie-rod (4) (see Fig. 55);
3. Screw out bolt 9 to release spring
6;
To ensure safety when dismantling the
unit, see to it that the upper cup (7) is in
constant contact with the bolt (9) when
the latter is being screwed out, until the
spring is fully released.
4. Remove the rear axle hatch lid to
gain access to screws (13);
5. Lock the lever 11 in the neutral position, by inserting a М10Х60 bolt,
or 8-mm rod, 10 into the hole in the
lever and a corresponding hole in
the rear axle housing;
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Fig. 55. Rear P.T.O. control:
1 — control lever; 2 — adjusting fork; 3, 8 — locknut; 4 — rod; 6 — springs; 7 — outer cup; 9 — stop bolt;
10 — setting screw (for adjustment only); 11 — control axle lever; 12 — control axle; 13 — adjusting
screws; 14 — inner cup; 15 — rod. Version "I" — for tractors equipped with unitized cab.
Fig. 56. Rear P.T.O. planetary reduction gear:
1 — drive changeover clutch; 2 — shaft of crown gear; 3 — nut; 4 — pinion carrier; 5 — differential gear;
6 — satellite gear; 7 — crown gear; 8 — satellite gear axle; 9 — brake drum; 10 — P.T.O. shaft; 11,13 —
brake band; 12 — engagement barrel; 14 — rear cover; 15 — eccentric axle; 16 — lock plate fixing bolt;
17 — lock plate; 18 — replaceable tail-end; 19 — replaceable tail-end lock plate; 20 — replaceable tailend fixing bolt; 21 — adjusting screws; 22, 24 — lever; 23 — spring-loaded mechanism; 25 — control
axle; 26 — adjusting screws lock plate.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
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6. Remove lock plate (26) (see Fig.
56), screw down screws (21) as far
as they will go, to a 10 kgf force at
the spanner or pliers 100-mm long
(a 1 кгс•м torque), and then back off
each screw 2-2.5 turn;
7. Remove the bolt (rod) (10) (see Fig.
55), which holds the lever (11) in
the initial position ready for adjustment;
8. Screw in the bolt (9), with its nose
directed into a recess in the cup
cover (7) to attain dimension «А» =
26...29 mm;
9. Shift the lever (11) back to the
«Enged» position;
10. Install tie-rod (4); then, set the zone
of lever 1 movement within the
middle part of the slot in the control
panel, by adjusting tie-rods (4) and
(15). When the adjustment is completed, refit the lock plate (26), rear
axle hatch lid back in place; cotterpin the tie-rods (4) and (15) (see
Fig. 55), as well as the bolt 9. When
in field, if:
а) the P.T.O. slips;
b) the control lever 1 when shifted
abuts the front or rear edges of
the control panel slot;
c) the effort at the lever 1 exceeds
12-15 kgf (120-150 N); or
d) the lever 1 does not fix properly
in the extreme positions or unequal stroke of the engaged or
disengaged lever results, adjust
the band brake by means of the
external adjustment mechanism.
To do this:
1. Set the lever (11) (see Fig. 55) into
its neutral position, fix it in this position by inserting a 8-mm dia.
М10Х60 bolt (rod) (10) into the hole
in the lever (11) and a corresponding opening in the rear axle housing;
2. Screw bolt (16) out (see Fig. 56),
remove plate (17) from the splined
tail-end of axle (15);
3. Using a S = 13 mm spanner, turn
the eccentric axle (15) clockwise to
take up the clearance between the
brake band and the P.T.O. drum (to
be determined by the fact that it is
impossible to turn the P.T.O. tailend by hand);
4. Refit the plate (17) на место и заверните болт 16;
5. Pull a stop bolt or rod from the lever
(11) (see Fig. 55).
As a result of several external adjustments, the eccentric axle (15) (see Fig.
56) can take the extreme left-hand position (the flat «В» will be vertical, at the
left), thus, indicating that the potentialities of external adjustment have been
exhausted. In this case, set the eccentric
axle to its initial position by turning it
counterclockwise (the flat is vertical, at
the right), then proceed with the abovesaid adjustment operations (for P.T.O.
assembly at the Manufacturing Works or
after repair).
When properly adjusted, the lever (1)
(see Fig. 55) – in the «Engaged» or
«Disengaged» position – should be at
least 30 mm away from the edge of the
slot in the control panel and smoothly
pass over the neutral position when
shifted.
Tractors in several batches may have no
mechanism of P.T.O. external adjustment
(items 15, 16, 17, see Fig. 56). In this
case, adjustment should be carried out as
specified above for adjusting the P.T.O.
controls after repair or when assembling it
at the Manufacturing Works. On tractors
equipped with a small-size cab dimension
«Б» is 50-60 mm. The efficiency of P.T.O.
brakes and freedom from spin-out depend
only on the spring-loaded mechanism,
primarily, on the availability of free zones
for operation of the mechanism and levers related thereto. P.T.O. slippage
means that the spring-loaded mechanism
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
101
and/or the levers encounter additional resistance when moving or being shifted,
due to the lack of lubrication in the joints,
severe fouling and/or butting-up (contact)
against adjacent parts (units) of the tractor, etc.
7.6.8. ADJUSTING THE FDA
UNIVERSLA-JOINT DRIVE
The maintenance of the universal-joint
drive consists in adjusting the safety
coupling in the intermediate support and
checking the side play in the universaljoint bearings.
The safety coupling should be adjusted
to transfer a torque within 40…80 kgf•m
(400…800 N•m). Coupling adjustment is
achieved by tightening nut (2) (see Fig.
57) of the rear tail-end of the intermediate support shaft, until the transfer of a
required torque is attained.
Check regularly the universal-joint trunnion bearings for side play. If side play is
detected, dismantle the joint and check
the condition of bearings and trunnions;
replace worn-out parts, if any. When installing the stuffing box, press glands
down until they rest against the bearing.
The universal-joint shaft is dynamically
balanced. Dismantle the universal-joint
shaft only in case the occasion requires.
On replacing parts when in service —
tubes together with joint forks and flange
— the shaft in assembly with both joints
should be dynamically balanced, with
plates welded at both ends of the tube.
The imbalance should not exceed 55
g•cm. DO NOT rotate universal-joint
shafts using tyre levers, wrenches and/or
other accessories, to avoid damage to
their packings, grease fittings and/or
breakdown of universal-joint trunnions.
Fig. 57
7.6.9. THE FORE AXLE
Adjusting the Steering Tie-Rod
Articulated Joints
Every 125 hours of operation check the
articulated joints by rocking the articulated joints by hand or turning the steering
wheel.
Fig. 58
To adjust the steering tie-rod articulated
joint, proceed as follows:
а) disconnect locking wire (2) (see Fig.
58) from the rod end (3);
b) turn down plug (1) be means of a
wrench so that to take up the gap in
the joint;
c) lock the plug with locking wire.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
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89
Adjusting Tapered Roller Bearings of
the Directive Wheels in Tractors Belarus 80.1/80.2
When adjusting the directive wheel bearings, set an end play within 0.08…0.20
mm. Every 1000 hours of tractor operation check the clearance. To do this, jack
the wheel up and shake it in the direction
normal to the rotation plane and determine bearing clearance.
Should the end play be excessive, make
adjustment, with due observation of the
order, as follows:
а) unscrew the bolts and remove cap (2)
(see Fig. 59);
b) uncotter castellated nut (1) and, while
turning the wheel by hand, tighten the
nut (1) until rotation of the wheel becomes rather tight. Then, back the nut
to an extent that would permit the
nearest slot in the nut to register with
the cotter-pin hole in the axle shaft;
c) check the wheel for easy rotation;
d) cotter the nut, refit the cap in place,
first packed up with grease.
Fig. 59
Adjusting the Front Wheels Toe-in
(tractors equipped with HSB)
Front wheel toe-in is set within 0…8 mm
at the Manufacturing Works.
At regular intervals, every 500 hours of
tractor operation, and also each time the
front wheeltrack is changed, check and,
if necessary, adjust the wheel toe-in. Prior to checking, be sure to adjust clearances in the wheel bearings and the
steering tie-rod joints.
Fig. 60
For checking the wheel toe-in, proceed as
follows (see Fig. 60):
а) position the tractor on a level hardpaved ground;
b) bring the pitman arm (10) into the
middle position; to attain this, turning
the steering wheel, set it to a position,
wherein feeler (14) (see Fig. 62) sinks
to maximum depth;
c) check to see that the bevel gear pair
housings (for tractors equipped with
FDA) or steering knuckles (tractors
Belarus 80.1) are advanced the same
length Б (see Fig. 60) from out of the
front axle housing and the fore axle
tube, respectively.
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
103
d) adjust the left-hand and right-hand
steering tie-rods by lengthening or
shortening them the same amount; to
do this, loosen the locknuts (3, 5, 6,
8) and, turning the left- and righthand tubes (7, 4), set the required
length.
e) ascertain the wheel toe-in, for which
purpose measure the distance
(measure Г) between the inner rim
beads of the wheels at the front (approximately at the height of wheel
centres) and mark the points of
measurement with chalk. Then move
the tractor forward so that these
marks come rearwards to the same
height and measure the distance between the marked points (measure
В). The second measurement should
be greater than the first one; the difference between the second, B, and
the first, Г, measurements is equal to
the wheel toe-in and should be within 0…8 mm.
If required, adjust the toe-in by
changing the length of the steering
tie-rods. In doing so, lengthen or
shorten the left-hand and right-hand
tie-rods by an equal amount;
f) check again the pitman arm for being
in the midposition (using a feeler) and
the difference in measurements В
and Г;
g) having completed the adjustment of
wheel toe-in, securely fix the steering
tie-rod tubes with locknuts.
• remove the snap-on cover (5) (see
Fig. 61);
• loosen the clamp (4) and remove the
steering wheel (6);
• back off the locknut (3);
• screw on the nut (2) down to the contact with sleeve (1), so that clearances
in connections have been taken up;
• back off the nut (2) 1.5 turns and lock
it with locknut (3).
• reinstall the steering wheel (6) and
adjust its position as to height.
Fig. 61
Flushing the HSB Overflow Oil Filter
7.6.10. THE STEERING CONTROLS
Maintenance Servicing of the Steering
Mechanism Drive
Servicing of the steering mechanism drive
consists in checking the tightness of
threaded joints at regular intervals.
To ensure a minimum level of vibration at
the steering wheel, carry out adjustment
operations on the steering column, as follows:
Fig. 62
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
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89
To flush the oil filter, proceed as follows
(see Fig. 62):
а) open the facing linings;
b) disconnect the oil pipelines (7, 13
and 15), unscrew bolts (5) which attach the cover (6) to the filter body;
using two stripper-bolts, remove the
cover;
c) screw out the reduction valve (11)
and remove the overflow filter (9);
d) wash the filter in a cleansing solution;
e) tighten up the nut (8) of the turn
shaft;
f) install the filter and perform all the
above-stated operations in the order
reverse to dismantling;
g) at the same time, adjust the steering
wheel axial play. To do this:
slacken the locknut (1) and screw in the
adjusting screw (2) up to the stop against
the shaft end-face; thereafter, back it off
1/8…1/10 turn and stop it with the locknut
(1).
ricultural machines, set the oil level inbetween marks «O» and «П».
On running the tractor with machines
equipped with one-way cylinders, checking the oil level and filling with oil should
be carried out with fully drawn-in rods.
Flushing the Oil Filter and the Breather
of a Tractor Equipped with a SmallSize Cab
Perform these operations every 500
hours of tractor operation.
Filling, Checking the Level and
Changing Oil
Check the level, top up oil in accordance
with the instructions in the Lubrication
Chart.
NEVER operate a tractor with the level oil in
the falling below the lower mark on the dipstick (4) (see Fig. 62).
When changing oil, wash the filler filter.
Then, start the diesel-engine up and turn
the steering wheel lock-to-lock several
times; check again the oil level and, if required, top up oil to the upper mark on the
dipstick.
7.6.11 THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AND
THE REAR HITCH LEVERAGE
When running with hay-stackers or dumping trailers, top up oil into hydraulic unit
housings up to the level between the
marks «П» (full) and «C» (middle) on the
dipstick. When in operation with other ag-
Fig. 63
To wash the filter (see Fig. 63):
а) lift the diesel-engine linings forward;
b) remove dust and dirt from the cover
(2);
c) unscrew bolts (1) attaching the filter
cover (2);
d) disconnect the drain hose from the
cover union tube, if required, first
loosening the clamping bolt;
e) take out the filter in assy with the
body (5) to prevent dirt inside from
getting into the oil tank;
f) remove the wire détent (4), take the
filter out of the body (5), wash thoroughly the filter elements (3) in petroleum or diesel fuel.
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
105
g) re-assemble the filter in the sequence
reverse to that of dismantling and install is back in place;
h) simultaneously with washing the filter, unscrew the breather plug (6),
take the foam plastics filter pad,
wash, wring it out and place back in
place.
Servicing the Oil-Tank Filter on Tractor
Equipped with Unitized Cab
Replace filter element every 500 hours of
tractor operation (scheduled MS-2). To do
this, proceed with operations as follows
(see Fig. 64):
а) unscrew bolts (2) attaching the filter
cover (1);
b) remove the cover (1) and take out the
filter assembly while holding it by the
limiter (4);
c) unscrew nuts (3), remove the limiter (4)
and pull out the filter element (5);
d) wash through the body (6) in cleansing
solution;
e) install a new filter element (5) and reassemble the filter in the reverse order;
f) refit the filter with new element as a
unit in the oil tank;
g) reset the cover (1) and tighten the bolts
(2).
Simultaneously with the replacement of
the filter element, wash the foam plastics
filter pad of the oil tank breather.
Fig. 64
Fig. 65
Adjusting Engagement of the Hydraulic Pump Drive Gear
On partial engagement of the gear (3)
(see Fig. 65) of the hydraulic pump drive
(4) or replacement of the same, the necessity arises to adjust gear meshing. To
adjust, proceed as follows:
а) set the pump engagement handle (1)
into the lower notch on the plate (2)
(the pump disengaged position);
б) loosen the bolts attaching the plate to
the tank and start up the dieselengine;
в) at a minimum r.p.m. of the dieselengine turn the handle together with
the plate up, to a perceptible meshing
of the gears; then, shift the handle
and the plate slightly downward and
fasten the plate attachment bolts.
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
89
7.6.12 TRACTOR ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENT
Maintenance or repair jobs on the tractor
electrical equipment sometimes necessitates dismantling of respective units from
the tractor or their temporary disconnection from the wiring. In such cases always
turn the frame-ground switch OFF.
Connection or disconnection of cable
connector assemblies should be made on
a de-energized tractor, only.
Relationship between electrolyte
density at 25 °С and the state of
storage battery charging
Table 11
Fully charged
storage battery
Discharge of storage
battery
25% discharged 50% discharged
1.30
1.26
1.22
1.28
1.24
1.21
1.26
1.22
1.18
1.24
1.20
1.16
1.22
1.18
1.14
Maintenance and Checks of the Storage Battery
Keep the storage battery clean and in an
almost fully charged state at all times.
Electrolyte density of a fully charged storage battery should be:
• for cold and temperate climate —
3
1,28 0,02
0,01 g/cm at 25 °С;
3
• for tropical climate — 1,23 0,02
0,01 g/cm
at 25 °С.
Be sure that the electrolyte density difference in the battery cells does not exceed
0.02 g/cm3.
Regularly wipe off any accidentally spilled
electrolyte, dirt and dust from the storage
battery surfaces with the use of a clean cloth
wetted in a 10% solution of ammonia spirit
or soda ash.
See to that the filler holes in the battery
cell covers are closed tight with plugs and
the vent holes in the plugs are not
clogged. Regularly clean oxidized terminals of the storage battery and the cable
leads; cover them with a fine coat of petrolatum. The storage batteries on tractors
should be kept in an almost fully charged
state; they should not be allowed to discharge by more than 50 percent in summer and 25 percent in winter. Be sure that
the level of electrolyte in all the storage
battery cells is within the marks on the battery craddle or 10-15 mm above the separators. The degree of storage battery discharge is determined by the density of
electrolyte or the amount of electrical energy (voltage). Checks of storage battery
state is carried out in specialized workshops.
Maintenance of the Alternator
Since the alternator has no ribbing surfaces and its enclosed ball bearings require no additional lubrication, the alternator will need but very little attention in
service.
Before starting to work on a daily mission,
check the alternator for good repair as
shown by the voltage indicator; meaning
of the indicator readings are given in Section 4, «Drive Controls, Switches and Instruments».
Before servicing the alternator, clean it
from dust and dirt. Check the condition
and reliable fastening of cable connections to the alternator, attachment of the
alternator to the diesel-engine, the ball
bearing for excessive axial and radial
plays (by increased noise of the alternator).
When servicing the tractor electrical
equipment, it is essential to keep to the
recommendations below, lest the alternator components be made inoperative.
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
107
• NEVER carry out works on the tractor
electrical circuits with the diesel-engine
running.
• DO NOT check electrical circuits and
components of the electrical equipment
for operational readiness by «sparking» (by short-circuiting).
• Whenever the alternator is to be installed
on, or removed from, the machine, disconnect the storage battery from the
«frame ground».observe the correct polarity when connecting the tractor storage
battery or when using an external battery
to start-up the diesel-engine. Connect
plus to plus and minus to minus.
Adjustment of an alternator equipped with
a seasonal voltage regulation is to be
done by means of adjusting screw 1 (see
Fig. 66), by setting it to the «Л» (summer)
position when it is warm or to the «3»
(winter) position — in cold season.
THE ELECTRIC TORCH PRE-HEATER
The electric torch pre-heater does not require special attention in maintenance.
Just check attachment of the pre-heater,
its wiring and fuel feed tube while in service; clean the jet-hole in the fuel-supply
connection bolt.
The instance of energizing of the preheater and the clearance between the
core and the union connector are adjusted at the manufacturing works and do not
require additional adjustment in the field.
Check of Assembly Units of the DieselEngine Д-243 Starting Arrangement
The Starter. When the tractor is in service, keep the starter clean, regularly
check the reliability of its attachment, the
condition of terminals; dirt and loose fixing cannot be tolerated. Also, check the
starter blush assembly; to do this, unscrew screws (1) (see Fig. 67) and remove protective shroud (2) of the starter.
Check the condition of commutator, brush
fittings, brushes in brush-holders (3) for
easy movement and the pressure of
springs (4) upon the brushes (5) of the
starter. The commutator working surface
should be clean.
The brush pressure: 750-1000 gf.
After 2000 hours of tractor operation, as
well as in case of substantial wear or
commutator burns, have the starter sent
to a specialized workshop.
Fig. 66
Fig. 67
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
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89
Adjustment of the Diesel-Engine StartUp Interlock Device
While in service and when carrying out
maintenance MS-3, check the interlock
device switch for proper operation, using
a control lamp or an electric measuring
device (the switch is located on the gearbox cover, below the cab). To do this, set
the GB lever to its extreme left-hand position (i.e., the position of the reduction
gear engagement). In this case, the
switch contacts should be closed (the
control lamp alights or the measuring device shows readings).
headlights on the screen at a distance «h», equal to the height of the
headlights centres above the floor,
and lines ВВ1 and ГГ1 at a distance
Д (the headlight centre-to-centre dimension in horizontal).
Servicing the Lighting and Light Signaling Devices
Maintenance of lighting and signaling devices is reduced to regular checks of their
serviceability, reliable attachment and
cleanness.
Should any device of outer or inner tractor lightning or signaling fails to operate,
first, check the lamp and wiring, make
sure that the wire terminal connections
are tight, and see that the safety fuse in
the circuit of the given device is not blown
out. For the feed circuits of devices protected by safety fuses, refer to Section 4
«Drive Controls, Switches and Instruments».
When replacing a burnt lamp, see that no
dust gets into the headlight- or signal light
enclosure. To this end, immediately replace damage lenses.
Adjustment of Headlights
For normal illumination if the carriageway
and safety in tractor driving on public roads,
adjust the headlight beams direction. To adjust the headlights, proceed as follows:
а) mark out a screen, as shown in Fig.
68; draw the centre line AA of the
Fig. 68
Measure the headlight centre-to-centre
distance directly on the tractor. When doing so, the tyre inflation pressure should
conform to the recommended values.
b) place the tractor onto a level flat
ground strictly at right angle to the
screen, at a distance of 10 м from the
screen to the headlight lenses. Be sure
that the tractor centre line intersects
the screen at the line 0-01;
c) turn on the headlights on low beam
and first adjust the position of one
headlamp beam (the other headlamp
being covered with a piece of dark
cloth), and then, of the second headlamp, after prior loosening the attachment to the brackets.
The headlight is considered to be well adjusted, if the centre of the light spot on the
screen is 150 mm below the А-А line, and
the light spots from both headlights are at
the same height.
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Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
109
Servicing the Windshield Washer
At air temperature of +5 °С and above, fill
up the windshield washer jar with diltered
water. At temperatures below 0 °С, make
use of a mixture of fluid НИИСС-4 with
water in the ratio, as follows:
— at temperatures down to – 10 °С
— 33% НИИСС-4 and 67% water;
— at temperatures down to –20 °С
— 62% НИИСС-4 and 38% water;
— at temperatures below –20 °С —
НИИСС-4 without water.
Any other fluid may be used which is recommended for windshield washers. The direction of fluid jet in the upper part of the
sector described by the blade is adjusted by
turning the ball spray cone, using a steel
needle for the purpose.
The duration of windshield washer operation should not exceed 20 sec.
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
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89
7.6.14. MAINTENANCE OF THE VENTILATION AND HEATING SYSTEMS
The ventilation and heating system includes
a fan in assy with an electric motor and radiator, installed on the unitized cab roof. To
attain effective operation of the ventilation
and heating, be sure to fulfill the following
conditions:
1. With the cooling system filled up with
water, as a coolant, start up the dieselengine and run it at intermediate r.p.m.
for some time to warm up the water to
50-60 °С. Then, open cock (1) (see Fig.
70а), accelerate the diesel-engine and let
it run for 1-2 minutes, to fill the heater radiator with fluid. Check to see that water
is circulating through the heater by opening the right-hand drain plug (2) (see Fig.
70b). The heater radiator should start to
warm up. The level of coolant in the radiator system should drop now.
2. Top up coolant in the radiator of the
cooling system, as required (50-60 mm
below the upper edge of the filler plug).
3. To achieve fast heating of the cab, turn
the heater fan ON and open the warm
air recirculation outlets.
4. To drain coolant from the heater and
the cooling system of the dieselengine, drive the tractor on a level
ground, open the heater cock (1), remove the diesel-engine radiator cap,
screw out the left- and right-hand drain
plugs (2), open drain cocks of the radiator and the diesel-engine cylinder
block.
ATTENTION! When using water as a
coolant in cold weather periods, blow
the heater system through with compressed air to avoid the formation of ice
plugs, by, first, closing the radiator and
diesel-engine cylinder block water drain
cocks and refitting the radiator plug.
а)
b)
Fig. 70 а, b
Fig. 71
5. In warm weather the cock 1 should
be closed, while the system runs in
the ventilation mode.
6. Clean filter 3 (see Fig. 71), when required, but not less than once every
125 hrs of tractor operation. For directions on cleaning the filter, refer
to a table on the filter bowl.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
111
7.6.15. THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM IF
TRAILER BRAKE DRIVE
1. Check the Pneumatic System for Air
Tightness
Make a regular habit to check the pneumatic system tightness after the tractor dieselengine stops or compressor turned off due
to the rate of air pressure drop in the
pneumatic system. For about 30 min. pressure should not exceed 2.0 kgf/cm2 (0.20
MPa), as read on the pressure gauge on
the dashboard, from the lower limit that is
determined by pressure regulator settings.
If the pressure drop rate exceeds the
permissible value, be sure to locate leaks
by hissing sound of escaping air or by
successive application of soap emulsion
onto connections of the pneumatic system. Remove detected leaks.
When doing jobs which do not require
use of the pneumatic system, turn the
compressor off. In 125 hours of tractor
operation (if the pneumatic system has
not being used during this period), turn
the compressor on and check the condition of the pneumatic system (function of
the compressor, pressure regulator,
brake valve, pneumoadapter, and its
tightness).
c) after washing, blow it with compressed
air and let it dry;
d) at the same time, check the condition
of the working surface of the rubber ring
of the air bleed-off valve (5);
e) refit the parts previously removed in
the order reverse to that of dismantling.
4. Draining Condensate From the Reservoir
Every day on completion of work, when
air in the reservoir is under pressure,
drain condensate; for this purpose, pull
aside the ring of the drain valve located in
the bottom part of the reservoir.
If no pressure is maintained during the
process, draining would be incomplete,
thus, giving rise to possible corrosion of
its inner surfaces. Check regularly the
drainage valve and all the connections of
the reservoir for tightness. Also, tighten
up its fastening fixtures.
2. Servicing and Checking the Compressor
Every 2000 hours of tractor operation
(every other MS-3), remove the compressor and have it sent to a workshop for
servicing or repair.
3. Washing the Pressure Regulator Filter
In 500 hrs of operation (when carrying out
scheduled MS-2), flush through the filter
element of the pressure regulator. To do
this:
а) unscrew bolts (1) (see Fig. 72) of the
side cover (2); remove gasket (3), air
bleed-off valve (5), spring (6 ) and gasket;
b) take out filter element (4) and wash it
in a solution of a cleansing agent;
Fig. 72
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
5. Checking, Adjusting the Pressure
Regulator in the Pneumatic System
Every 1000 hours of tractor operation
(MS-3), or improper operation of the
pressure regulator, as well as following its
dismantling and washing, or replacing
worn-out parts, proceed with adjustment
in the following sequence (see Fig. 73):
• connect a pressure gauge to the reservoir for the period of checking and regulating, with the least graduation of 0.1
...0.2 kgf/cm2 and a scale-plate of at least
16 kgf/cm2;
• remove the cap (1);
• screw the cover (2) into the body right to
a stop;
• start up the diesel-engine. Turn on the
compressor and full the reservoir with
compressed air until the relief valve (6)
operates at a pressure of 8.5...10
kgf/cm2. Should the valve operate at a
pressure beyond these limits, adjust it
by screw (8), first loosening and, then,
tightening the locknut (7);
• gradually screwing the lid (2) out, adjust the compressive force of springs
(3, 4), so that the air pressure in the reservoir required to open the relief valve (5)
is 7.7...8.0 kgf/cm2; secure the cover (2)
in this position with paint applied onto the
threaded part of the body, and put on the
cap (1);
• slightly open the valve for condensate
drain in the reservoir and bleed pressure down to 6.5...7.0 kgf/cm2. At
these pressure values the valve (5)
should close and switch the compressor over to filling the reservoir with
compressed air;
• disconnect the test pressure gauge
from the reservoir.
Fig. 73
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
113
6. Adjustment of the Brake Valve
With the service brake controls adjustment, as well as that of the brake valve
proper, completed, the adjustment of the
brake valve drive may be necessary (tierod 1 and the preliminary compression
force of the spring 3, see Fig. 74).
The length of the tie-rod 1 should be adjusted in such a way, so that with the
brake controls released the clearance between the upper edges of slots "а" in levers 6 and 7 and pin 5 be 1...2 mm.
A preliminary compression of the spring 3
down to a size 37 mm can be adjusted by
turning nuts 2 so that on stepping on the
clutch, first, the brake valve rod moves to
a stop, and only then the spring 3 is compressed.
Pressure in the pneumatic main-line of
trailer brake control Is adjusted by rotation of a nut kept under rubber boot 8.
To adjust, remove the boot 8, disconnect
the tie-rod 1 from eye-lug 9, screw the lug
out through 2...3 turns and adjust the air
pressure to at least 7,7 kgf/cm2. Then
screw the lug in as far as it goes and cotter-pin it. Put on the boot and reconnect
the tie-rod 1.
Fig. 74
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
7.6.16. CHANGING OIL IN THE FDA
AND THE FDA DRIVE INTERMEDIATE
SUPPORT (during scheduled MS-SS
and SMS-AW)
Change oil immediately after completion
of tractor work, when oil is warmed up.
а) FDA with bevel reduction gears
(Belarus 82.1) (see Figs. 75, 75а)
1. Place the tractor on a level ground,
apply the parking brake. Stop the
diesel-engine.
2. Unscrew drain plugs (1) and pour oil
out into prepared containers from
the axle housings, lower bevel pairs
and the intermediate support. Refit
the plugs (1) back in place.
3. Drain oil from the upper bevel pair
housings; to do this, proceed as follows:
• unscrew the plug of an oil filler
hole (6);
• remove as much oil as possible
through the opening (6), by
means of a drawn off syringe;
• unscrew bolts (4), remove cover
(3) and remove remaining oil from
the upper bevel pair housings,
using the same drawing-off syringe;
• refit the cover (3) back in place;
• fill in fresh oil into the upper bevel
pair housings, up to the level of
the filler hole (6); refit the plug;
• unscrew plugs (2) of inspection
filler holes and fill in oil into the
housings of the axle, lower bevel
pairs and the intermediate support. Refit the plugs (2).
Fig. 75
Fig. 75а
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
115
б) FDA with planetary-and-spur reduction gears(Belarus 82.2) (see Figs.
76а, 76b, 76c)
1. Place the tractor on a level ground.
Stop the diesel-engine. Apply the
parking brake and wedge the
wheels with chocks at both sides.
2. Screw inspection-filler (shown by arrows) and drain plugs (1, 2, 3) out of
the wheel reduction gear housings,
main drive and the intermediate support; drain oil into a special container
for used oil. Be sure to dispose the
used oil correctly.
3. Refit the drain plugs back in place
and tighten them.
4. Fill in the housings with fresh transmission oil up to the lower edges of
the inspection holes.
5. Refit the inspection-and-filler plugs
back in place and tighten them.
Fig. 76a
Fig. 76b
Fig. 76c
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
89
7.6.17. Adjustment of Bevel RollerBearings in the FDA Planetary-andSpur Reductions Gears (Belarus 82.2)
(see Fig. 77)
Check and adjust, if required, the bevel
roller-bearings (3, 5), proceeding with operations as follows:
1. Screw out bolts and remove cover (2);
2. Tighten nut (1) to a torque of 180...200
N•m(18...20 kgf•cm), and, then, back it
off some 15-20°;
3. Prick-punch the nut at two slots in
flange (4). Refit the cover (2) back in
place.
Fig. 77
7.6.18. Adjustment of Kingpin Bearings in the FDA Equipped with Planetary-and-Spur Reduction Gears (see
Fig. 78)
Check and adjust, if required, bearing
preload.
• The preload in bearings should be
such that the turn force of the steering
knuckle applied to flange (5) is within
60...80 N (6...8 kgf). If it is necessary,
proceed with the adjustment, as follows:
• Unscrew four bolts (2) and screw in
two dismantling bolts (1) into the process holes provided;
• Remove, as required, a number of adjusting shims (4) from under the flange
of the upper axle of kingpin (3);
• Screw out dismantling bolts and uniformly tighten the bolts (2) to a torque of
120...140 N•m (12...14 kgf•m).
Fig. 78
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 7. Maintenance Procedures
117
7.7. APPROXIMATE CONSUMPTION OF MATERIALS FOR MAINTENANCE SER
VICES AND WHEN IN STORAGE
Table 13
Unit of
measOn
urerunment ning-in
Materials consumption
Technical-grade kerosene
l
8
Intershift
MS
—
Engine oil
l
23,0
1,2
1,7
Transmission oil
l
41/48
—
—
Grease
kg
0,15
—
0,02
0,06
0,10
1,0
0,8
Lubricant No. 158; ТАп-15В
kg
0,04
—
—
—
0,05
—
—
Benzine
l
—
—
—
—
1,0
1,5
—
Antifreezing agent
l
—
—
—
—
—
20
—
Distilled water
l
0,2
—
0,05
0,10
0,15
0,15
1,0
Insulation tape
kg
—
—
—
0,01
0,06
—
—
Wiping waste
kg
1,0
0,2
—
1,0
1,5
3,0
4,0
Inhibition paper
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
0,2
Twine
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
0,8
Polyvinylchloride film
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
1,5
Enamel
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
0,5
l
—
—
—
—
—
—
2,0
Lubricant ПВК GOST 9537-74
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
2,0
Aluminum powder
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
0,2
Purified chalk
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
9,0
Soda ashh
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
3,0
l
—
—
—
—
—
—
2,0
kg
—
—
—
—
—
—
1,0
Material description
White spirit
Additive АКОР-1
Protective lubricant ЗВВД-13
MS-1
MS-2
MS-3
SMS
In storage
1,0
5,0
5,0
6,0
20,0
21,0
25,0
88,0
3,0
80/94
7,0
4,0/4,5 4,0/4,5
Раздел 8. Инструмент и принадлежности
Беларус 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Руководство по эксплуатации
118
8. TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES
Each tractor to be delivered is completed
with an individual kit of spare parts, tools
and accessories (SPTA) packed in a
separate crate and shipped together with
the tractor.
Keep in mind that other assembly units
and/or components may be stored in the
crater, not part of the SPTA Kit, but those
which have been dismantled from the
tractor for safekeeping while in transit.
A list of parts and assembly units of the
SPTA Kit can be found in the manufacturer’s Packing List.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 9. Storage Rules for Tractors
119
9. STORAGE REGULATIONS FOR THE TRACTOR
Tractors in the economies are subject to
storing in autumn-winter periods, as well
as during field operation as per GOST
ГОСТ 7751-85 and GOST 9.014-78.
9.1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
9.1.1 The tractor can be placed for:
• inter-seasonal storage — up to 10
day of downtime;
• short-term storage — downtime
from 10 days to two months;
• long-term storage — more than two
months of downtime.
9.1.2. During the autumn-winter period
keep the tractor indoors or under a shed.
Tractors can be stored outdoors, on a
specially prepared storage yard, subject
to mandatory preservation, sealing and
stripping of components and assembly
units which require warehousing, in
compliance with the requirements of
GOST ГОСТ 7751-85.
9.1.3. Maintenance servicing of tractors
intended for storing shall be carried out
according to the current practice approved in the economy.
9.1.4. For an inter-shift or short-term
storage the tractor should be placed immediately on completion of works, and
for a long-term storage — not later than
10 days after termination of employment.
9.2. INTER-SEASONAL STORAGE
REGULATIONS (up to 10 days)
9.2.1. Place the tractor complete in a
storage area.
9.2.2. All the openings which are likely to
serve as inlets to tractor inner spaces for
atmospheric precipitation, should be
tightly stopped with caps, plugs or tarpaulin jackets.
9.2.3. The storage batteries should be
disconnected.
9.3. SHORT-TERM STORAGE REGULATIONS (from 10 days to 2 months)
9.3.1. Preparation for storage is carried
out in accordance with recommendations
in 9.4., except items 9.4.1.c — 9.4.1.i.
9.3.2. The tractor is placed complete, in
operating order, without any unit or assembly dismantled; with no need for
covering the tyres and rubber hoses with
light-protective compounds. Wrap the
exhaust pipe and thee monocyclon in
polyethylene film.
9.3.3. Disconnect the storage batteries.
The electrolyte level and density should
conform with the recommendations specified in subsection "Servicing and Checking Storage Batteries".
When storing the tractor at low temperatures or for a period exceeding one
month, remove the storage batteries and
keep them in a warehouse.
9.4. LONG-TERM STORAGE REGULATIONS (more than 2 months)
9.4.1. Before placing the tractor for storage, proceed with the operations as follows:
а) clean and wash the tractor, restore
disturbed or damaged patches of
paintwork;
b) drain coolant from the diesel-engine
cooling system, drain water from the
small-scale cab heating/cooling unit
water container (if installed); drain
sediment from the coarse and fine
fuel filter bowls;
c) drain oil from the diesel-engine
crankcase, fuel pump body, clean
the centrifugal oil filter rotor;
d) fill the diesel-engine crankcase, fuel
pump body with slushing oil with 5 %
additive АКОР-1 GOST 15171-78.
When additive АКОР-1 is used, pre-
Section 9. Storage Rules for Tractors
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
120
pare the preservation mixture by way
of thorough mixing of motor oil and
the additive to obtain a homogeneous mix. Pouring additive АКОР-1
directly into the diesel-engine crankcase, without preliminary mixing, is
impermissible;
e) start the diesel-engine and let it run
for 15...30 seconds at low r.p.m. Then,
stop the diesel-engine, drain the slushing oil mixture from the crankcase and
the fuel pump;
f) drain oil from the hydraulic system
and HSCU tank, HSB (if installed on
the tractor), from FDA capacities (tractors Belarus 82.1/82.2, Belarus 82Р),
and refill them with fresh oil. When
storing for more than 6 months, add 510 percent of additive АКОР-1 to the
oils to be filled in to obtain the required
volume;
g) drain fuel from tanks and slush their
inner surfaces with lubricant НГ-204
or НГ-204У;
h) shot-lubricate all the grease-cups
and grease-nipples;
i) remove the alternator, starter, headand floodlights, storage batteries
from the tractor and place them in a
warehouse. Slacken alternator belt
tension;
j) slush exposed screw and thread
joints of the hitch linkage, steering
trapezoid, P.T.O. tail-end splines,
worm mechanisms to adjust front
and rear wheeltracks, exposed portions of cylinder and shock-absorber
rods. Preservation lubricants: ПВК,
К-17 or Lithol-24.
k) seal filler necks of fuel tanks, dieselengine breathers, transmission and
the hydraulic system, the exhaust
pipe and diesel-engine monocylon,
openings left from removed assembly units, as well as other holes and
hollows from ingress of atmospheric
precipitation by stopping them tight
with caps, blind-plugs, polyethylene
covers, jackets, and adhesive tapes.
9.4.2. Jack up the tractor some 8…10 cm
off the ground. Place supports/blocks
under the fore-axle or FDA final drive
housings (see Fig. 79).
Fig. 79. Locations of tractor jack-up points
(indicated by arrows)
9.4.3. Bleed pressure in tyres down to
70% of the normal. Cover tyre surfaces
with light-protective composition (a mixture of aluminum powder with light oil
lacquer or white spirit in a 1:4 or 1:5 ratio).
9.4.4. Lock the cab door and seal it.
9.4.5. When stored indoors, check tractor
condition every two months. When
stored outdoors — on open storage
yards or under shed — every month.
Off-the schedule inspections and checks
should be initiated immediately following
an exposure to strong (storm) wind,
heavy rain, snowstorm or snow drifts.
9.4.6. All errors or departures from the
established storage rules revealed during
such inspections and checks are to be
eliminated; pay special attention to the
state of external slushing coatings and
availability of oil in reservoirs up to prescribed levels.
Storage batteries kept in warehouse are
subject to monthly inspections and
charging, if required.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 9. Storage Rules for Tractors
121
Hand-crank the diesel-engine crankshaft
through several revolutions at least once
a month.
9.5. TRACTOR PREPARATION FOR
WORK AFTER LONG-TERM STORING
9.5.1. Remove slushing compound from
preserved external surfaces.
9.5.2. Remove all the installed protective
caps and stoppers, polyethylene bags,
adhesive tapes, etc.; refit the previously
removed parts and units, first, having
removed slushing agent and dust therefrom.
9.5.3. Drain residue from all oil tanks, top
up oil to a prescribed level, if required.
9.5.4. Perform operations according to
MS Schedule-2 on the tractor, with the
exception of oil changing in the dieselengine crankcase and cleaning the centrifuge, since both these operations are
scheduled and have been done during
preparation for storage. Bring inflation
pressure in tyres to its normal value.
9.5.5. Fill up fuel tanks with fuel and the
diesel-engine cooling system with coolant.
De-slushing of the fuel system, dieselengine cylinders is to be carried during
their activation and operation for the first
time after storage.
9.5.6. De-slush the fuel system, dieselengine cylinders during their activation
and operation for the first time after storing.
9.5.7. Crank the diesel-engine crankshaft
several revolutions, using the starter for
the purpose, but with no fuel supply.
When satisfied that its rotation is normal,
start up the diesel-engine for 5…10
minutes and gradually bring the crankshaft speed from minimum to maximum.
9.5.8. Run the tractor for 15-20 min., then,
remove faults, if detected.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
122
10. COMMON TROUBLES AND THEIR REMEDY
Table 14
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
10.1. DIESEL ENGINE
Diesel-Engine Fails to Start Up
Air in fuel supply system.
Pump the system through with a hand-operated boost
pump refer to Section 7.6.1). Remove air in-leaks in
the fuel system, if required.
Fuel pump faulty.
Dismantle the fuel pump from the diesel-engine and
have it sent to the workshop for repair.
Diesel-Engine Fails to Develop Full Power
No sufficient fuel feed due to fuel pump control Adjust the fuel pump control tie-rods.
tie-rods maladjustment.
Fine fuel filter filtering element clogged.
Replace the filtering element.
Nozzles faulty.
Locate faulty nozzles, flush and adjust them.
Fuel injection advance angle setting incorrect.
Set the fuel injection advance angle as recommended.
Diesel-engine air cleaner clogged.
Service the air-cleaner.
Diesel-Engine Unstable in Idle-Running
Air in the fuel system.
Idle run spring in the fuel pump maladjusted.
Fuel pump faulty.
Bleed air from the fuel system
Adjust the idle-run spring.
Dismantle the fuel pump from the diesel-engine and
have it sent to the workshop for repair.
Diesel-Engine Smoky Exhaust in All Modes of Operation
A. Black smoke from the exhaust pipe
Diesel-engine air-cleaner clogged.
Service the air-cleaner.
Atomizer needle stuck in the nozzle.
Locate a faulty nozzle, flush or replace the atomizer,
adjust the nozzle, if required.
Poor fuel quality.
Refill with recommended fuel grade.
Fuel pump faulty.
Dismantle the fuel pump from the diesel-engine and
have it sent to the workshop for repair.
B. White smoke from the exhaust pipe
Diesel engine needs to be warmed up.
Warm the diesel-engine up; when at work, maintain
coolant temperature within 70…95 OC.
Valve-to-rock arm clearance maladjusted.
Adjust the valve-to-rock arm clearances.
Water in fuel.
Change the fuel.
Fuel injection advance angle disturbed.
Set recommended fuel injection advance angle
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
123
Table 14, continued
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
C. Blue smoke from the exhaust pipe
Oil in the combustion chambers due to wear in the Replace worn-out parts of the sleeve assembly.
sleeve assembly.
Excess of oil in diesel-engine crankcase.
Drain excessive oil and bring oil level to top mark of
the dipstick.
Diesel Engine Overheated
Coolant in the cooling system boiling.
Clean the radiator from dust and dirt. Clean the
cooling system from scale, if needed, and readjust
the fan belt tension, if required.
Poor fuel atomization by nozzles.
Identify faulty nozzles; clean, flush and adjust them.
Oil Pressure in Warmed-Up Diesel-Engine Lower Than That Admissible
Pressure gauge faulty.
Replace the pressure gauge.
Oil pump faulty in the diesel-engine lubrication sys- Locate and remedy the fault or replace the pump.
tem.
Oil level in the diesel-engine crankcase lower than Top up oil to the upper mark on the dipstick.
the admissible one.
Safety valve jammed in the centrifugal oil filter Flush the valve through and adjust pressure.
body.
Maximum wear-out of crankshaft journal-to-bearing Have the diesel-engine sent to workshop for repair.
mating.
10.2. POWER TRAIN
10.2.1. CLUTCH
Clutch Fails to Transmit Torque in Full
No free travel of the clutch pedal.
Driven disk linings worn-out.
Clutch free travel excessive.
Adjust the pedal free travel.
Replace the linings or the driven disk assembly.
Clutch Fails to Disengage in Full
Adjust the clutch pedal free travel.
Oil in Dry Section of the Clutch Housing
Crankshaft seal collar worn-out.
Flexing of the P.T.O. driven shaft beating cover
when joining the tractor after repair
Replace the collar.
Install a new cover or straighten the old one.
Износ манжеты кронштейна отводки
Замените манжету
10.2.2. SPEED GEARBOX
GB Gears Shift with Gritting
Incomplete engagement of the clutch; the clutch
drags.
Adjust the pedal free play.
10.2.3. MAIN DRIVE
Increased Noise in the Bevel Gears Pair
Adjustment of main drive bevel gearing and differ- Adjust gear meshing and bearing clearances.
ential bearings disturbed.
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
124
Table 14, continued
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
10.2.4. AUTOMATIC DIFFERENTIAL LOCK-UP
Automatic Differential Lock-Up Fails to Operate
Lock-up sensor spool valve stuck.
Remove the sensor; wash in diesel fuel or replace it.
Low oil pressure applied to the lock-up actuating
mechanism (ADL clutch).
 Replace the pressure-reducing valve spring.
(a) pressure-reducing valve setting disturbed;
Caulk the valve seat
(b) excessive oil leaks in lock-up sensir.
 Replace lock-up sensor.
ADL clutch disks soiled and fouled.
Wash the clutch disks in gasoline; stop oil leaks.
Clutch disk friction linings worn-out.
Replace the friction linings or disks in assembly.
10.2.5. BRAKES
Unsatisfactory Operation of Brakes (brakes fade)
Brake control setting disturbed.
Adjust brake controls (refer to Subsection 7.6.4).
Brake disk linings fouled or worn-out.
Stop oil leaks. Wash the linings. Replace the disks, if
required.
10.2.6. REAR P.T.O. SHAFT
Rear PTO Shaft Fails to Transfer Torque in Full (the shaft slips)
Control setting disturbed due to excessive wear of
brake band friction linings or to any other reason.
Sluggish shifting of the P.T.O. control lever (due
to jamming, butts and/or dirt in joints).
Adjust the P.T.O. control mechanism (refer to Subsection 7.6.4).
Locate and remove causes of malfunction which hinder free motion of the control mechanism components. The control lever should lock positively in
«P.T.O. Engaged»–«P.T.O. Disengaged» positions.
10.2.7. FRONT DRIVING AXLE
When in Forward Run and with the Rear Wheels Slipping, the Front Driving Axle Would Not
Engage Automatically
Worn-out parts of the transfer case overrunning
clutch.
Wedged slots in the overrunning clutch outer cage
fouled with oil oxidation and parts wear products.
Roller tightening mechanism springs distorted.
Safety clutch in the intermediate bearing would
not transfer torque.
Worn-out driven and driving disks of the safety
clutch.
Disk springs lost elasticity or broken.
Replace the overrunning clutch.
Remove the clutch and wash clutch parts.
Replace the springs.
Adjust the clutch to transfer torque of 40…80 kgf •m
(400…800 N•m).
Replace worn-out disks.
Replace the springs.
FDA drive transfer case control tie-rod maladjust- Adjust tie-rod length, to do this:
ed.
1. Place the control lever to its upper position («FDA
Force Engaged».
2. Disconnect the tie-rod from transfer case lever and
slacken the fork locknut.
3. Turn the transfer case lever clockwise to the stop.
4. Register holes in the lever and the screw by rotating the fork, then, insert a pin.
5. Tighten down the locknut and cotter the pin.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
125
Table 14, continued
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
With the Hitch in Operation, Oil Leaks through "Sleeve-King Pin Tube" Joining
Worn-out rubber O-springs.
Replace the O-rings.
Wheel toe-in settings disturbed.
Adjust the front wheel toe-in.
Enhanced Wear and Ply Separation of Front Wheel Tyres
Air pressure in front and rear tyres disagree with
recommended norms.
To ensure against malfunctions, maintain front and
rear tyre pressure within recommended norms.
Wheel toe-in adjustment disturbed.
Re-adjust toe-in.
Front axle is in constant forced engagement due
to break or jamming in the transfer case controls.
Check FDA forced engagement. Remove faults, if
any. Re-adjust the transfer case control mechanism.
10.3. STEERING CONTROL WITH HSB INSTALLED
Enhanced Steering Wheel Effort («Heavy» Steering) with HSB
Oil foam formation in the booster system due to:
(a) insufficient oil level in the HSB tank;
(b) air ingress into the system.
Check oil level, top up as necessary, if required;
Check the suction pipeline and restore leakproofness.
Safety valve adjustment disturbed.
Adjust the valve.
Enhanced oil leakage in the HSB pump.
Replace the pump.
Sticking in «worm-sector» meshing.
Adjust worm-gear meshing.
Enhanced vibration of the steering.
Adjust the steering wheel.
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
126
Table 14, continued
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
Enhanced Instability of Front Wheels
Tighten up the nut to 2 kgf•m, back it off 1/6 turn, and
secure with a cotter-pin.
Increased play in front wheel bevel bearings or Adjust, as required.
steering rod joints.
Slackened nuts attaching the pitman arm, sector, Tighten up the nuts.
and steering knuckle tie-rods.
Increased axial displacement of the turn shaft
Adjust the fault.
Warm tightening nut slackened.
Enhanced Play of the Steering Wheel
Enhanced clearance in the «worm-sector» mesh- Adjust, as required.
ing.
Enhanced play in universal-joint connections in Replace worn-out parts.
the steering wheel drive.
Worm nut slackened
Tighten up the nut.
10.3.1. HYDROSTATIC STEERING CONTROL
Enhanced Steering Wheel Effort
Lack of, or insufficient, oil pressure in the steering Have it repaired or replace the pump.
wheel hydraulic system. Delivery pump faulty.
Insufficient oil level in the oil tank.
Fill up the tank to the required level.
Wedging-up of the steering-wheel cardan splined Locate wedging-up and remove.
tail-piece in the metering pump driving shaft
Substantial friction in mechanical components of Remove friction.
the steering column or FDA reduction gear.
Steering Wheel Rotates Without Stop
Lack of oil in oil tank.
Fill up the tank to the required level and pump the
system through.
Worn-out seals of the turn cylinder.
Replace with new ones.
Steering Wheel Spontaneous Rotation 2 («Motoring») With Operator’s Hands Removed
Metering pump spool would not return to
«Neutral» position:
(a) Wedging-up of the steering-wheel cardan Locate wedging-up and remove.
splined tail-piece in the metering pump driving shaft.
(b) Substantial friction in mechanical compo- Remove the cause.
nents of the steering column.
Conflict Between the Steering Wheel Turning Direction and That of Wheels
Incorrect connections of metering pump cylinder
outlets to the turn cylinder.
Change over connections, as appropriate.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
127
Table 14, continued
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
10.4. HYDRAULIC LIFT LINKAGE SYSTEM
Linkage would not rise or its lifting capacity
sharply drops. With one of the distributor handles set to «Lift», the pump «squeals». As a
rule, oil is overheated.
1. Oil level low in the tank; top up to the level required.
2. Air inleakage in the pump suction line: locate and
remove.
3. Distributor bypass valve sticky; wash the valve.
Wear-and-tear of the oil pump – replace the pump.
Drop in linkage lifting capacity as oil is heated. It
restores as oil is cooled.
Draft-controlled mounted plough jumps up from, Draft sensor spring broken – replace the spring.
or works deeper into, the soil with a slight movement if the handle.
Excessive oscillations in the hydraulic system
1. Broken or slacken spring – replace the spring.
when lowering the tool.
2. Broken stop – change the stop.
10.5. ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
Storage Battery Low Charge Level
Low level of controlled voltage.
Alternator drive belt slipping.
Replace the alternator voltage regulator.
Adjust tension of the alternator driving belt.
Increased contact impedance between SB termi- Dress the terminals, tighten and smear non-contact
nals and wire clamps due to slackening or oxida- parts with petrolatum. Tighten up the SB switch contion.
nections and «frame» jumpers.
Alternator faulty (no voltage on terminals “+” and Dismantle the alternator and send it to workshop for
“Д”).
repair.
Storage battery defective.
Replace the storage battery.
Storage Battery «Gasses» Excessively and Requires Frequent Refill with Distilled Water
High level of controlled voltage.
Replace the alternator voltage regulator.
Storage battery defective.
Replace the storage battery.
Starter Would Not Switch ON and Fails to Crank the Diesel-Engine Crankshaft
One of cable lugs to the storage battery disconnected.
Excessive oxidation of wire lugs and storage battery terminals.
Diesel-engine start-up interlock operates or one of
its switches faulty.
Starting torque too low due to storage battery rundown
Diesel-engine is not ready for start at a temperature below + 5 OC
Starter faulty
Tighten the terminal clamp reliably on the storage
battery.
Dress storage battery terminals and wire lugs; smear
non-contact parts with petrolatum.
Shift the GB lever to extreme left-hand position or
replace the faulty switch.
Charge the storage battery, as required.
Prepare the diesel-engine for start-up.
Remove the starter and send it to repair shop.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Section 10. Common troubles and their remedies
128
Table 14, continued
Trouble, External Symptoms
Remedy
Alternator Would Not Develop Full Power
Slipping of the alternator driving belt.
Alternator faulty.
Adjust belt tension.
Remove the alternator and have is sent to the workshop for repair.
Alternator Noise
Slipping or excessive tension of the fan belt.
Bearings outworn.
Adjust belt tension.
Remove the alternator and have it sent to the workshop.
Electric Torch Pre-Heater Control Lamp Would Not Light Up
Electric torch pre-heater circuit open.
Locate and remove the fault.
Faulty components in ETH circuit.
Replace faulty components, if any.
10.6. CAB HEATING AND VENTILATION SYSTEM
No Warm Air Inflow Into the Cab
No circulation of fluid (water) through the heating The cock is shut down – open the same. Clogged
block.
hoses – remove clogging. Air and/or ice plugs in the
pre-heater hoses – remove the plugs. Fan inoperative – take expert advice.
High Humidity Warm Air Inflow to the Cab
Fluid leaks in the heater radiator and through pre- Eliminate leaks and/or replace damaged hoses.
heater system connections. Damaged hoses.
10.7. PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
Insufficient Pressure In the Air Bottle, Pressure Slowly Rises But
Quickly Drops When Diesel-Engine Stops
Air leaks from the pneumatic system.
Eliminate leaks, if any.
Compressor faulty.
Remove the faulty compressor and have it sent to a
repair workshop.
Coupling head faulty.
Replace seals or the head.
Bottle Pressure Quickly Decreases When Brake Pedals are Actuated
Brake cock damaged.
Remove the faulty cock and have it sent to a repair
workshop.
Elevated Throw-Out of Oil Into the Pneumatic System
Compressor faulty.
Remove the faulty compressor and have it sent to a
repair workshop.
No Air-Bleeding to Inflate Tyres
Insufficient sinking of the air-bleed valve rod in the Screw fully the nut of connecting hose on the union.
pressure regulator.
Pressure regulator switched the compressor over Reduce pressure in the bottle by 1.5…2.0 kgf/cm2.
to idle.
Trailer Brakes Ineffective or Slow In Release
Brake valve drive adjustment disturbed.
Brake valve adjustment disturbed.
Trailer brake system faulty.
Re-adjust the valve.
Remove and have it sent to a repair workshop.
Remove the fault.
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 11. Specifications to be Adjusted
129
11. SPECIFICATIONS TO BE MAINTAINED BY ADJUSTMENT
Table 16
Description
Unit of
measurement
DIESEL-ENGINE
Oil pressure in lubrication system on a warmed-up dieselengine, at rated crankshaft r.p.m.
kgf/cm2 (MPa)
Fan leg (located in-between alternator and crankshaft pulleys)
sagging, at a 4 kgf (40 N) applied force
mm
Recommended coolant temperature (temperature condition)
°С
Clearance in-between rocker-arm head and valve stem endface on cold engine
mm
Fuel injection commencement pressure at nozzle (atomizer
needle rise pressure)
kgf/cm2 (MPa)
Fuel injection advance angle setting to TDC:
with fuel pump 4УТНИ
deg.
Tightening torque:
kgf•m (N•m)
main bearing bolts
cylinder head attachment bolts
connecting-rod bearing nuts
flywheel attachment bolts
crankcase pulley bolt
crankshaft weight bolted attachment
nozzle bolted attachment
centrifugal oil filter hood nuts
FUEL PUMP (test-bench check)
Pump shaft rated speed
Rotational speed under governor control
Rotational speed corresponding to diesel-engine idling
r.p.m.
r.p.m.
r.p.m.
Rotational speed under adjuster control
r.p.m.
Rotational speed corresponding to maximum torque
Rotational speed at automatic cut-off of fuel through nozzles,
not over
Cyclic fuel feed at 40 – 50 r.p.m. of the camshaft,
not less than
Cyclic fuel feed at rated r.p.m.
Cyclic fuel feed at maximum idling r.p.m., no more than
Pressure in fuel pump head at rated r.p.m. of the camshaft
Fuel feed irregularity at rated r.p.m. of the crankshaft,
no more than
Fuel feed irregularity in-between sections at maximum idling
r.p.m., no more than
Fuel feed by section as determined by meniscus method to
valve lifter TDC (over cam profile)
Value
2,5-3,5 (0,25-0,35)
15-20
75-95
0,25-0,30
220+10 (21,6+0,9)
19…21
20-22 (200-220)
19-21 (190-210)
18-20(180-200)
18-20 (180-200)
24-28 (240-280)
12-14 (120-140)
2-2,5 (20-25)
3,5-5,0 (35-50)
4УТНМ
4УТНИ
1100±5
1100±5
1115–1125 1115–1125
15
15
116010
116010
r.p.m.
1040 –
1100
850
1030 –
1090
850
r.p.m.
1210
1250
mm3/cycle
mm3/cycle
mm3/cycle
kgf/cm2 (MPa)
140
140
72,3±1,4
70±1,4
22,5
22,5
0,7 – 1,2
0,7 – 1,3
(0,07–0,12) (0,07–0,13)
%
6
6
%
30
35
deg.
57 ± 1
57 ± 1
Section 11.Specifications to be Adjusted
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
130
Table 16, continued
Unit of
Description
measurement
RUNNING GEAR, STEERING CONTROLS
Front wheel toe-in
mm
Steering wheel free play on running diesel-engine,
deg.
no more than
Oil pressure in the hydraulic steering booster limited by a relief
valve
kgf/cm2 (MPa)
Clearance between the rest and end-face of the hydraulic
booster rack (shim-adjusted)
Axial bearing clearance of directive wheels
Torquing:
rear wheel attachment nuts
Hydraulic booster worm spherical nut (it is permissible to
back up the nut following tightening by 1/12 – 1/10 turn)
steering wheel hydraulic booster Pitman arm nut
clamping bolts for HSB cylinder lid and body attachment
front wheel nuts
front wheel disk-to-rim attachment nuts
POWER TRAIN
Clearance between the ends of throw-out levers and clutch
release bearing
Difference in clearances of separate clutch levers,
not more than
Clutch pedal free travel
Distance from levers-to-release bearing contact point to clutch
back plate hub end-face
Distance from rear GB housing plane to outer end-face of the
main drive gear
Permissible increase in axial clearance in GB secondary shaft
bevel bearings, not more than (during checks)
GB secondary shaft drag to rotation in bevel bearings, less
gear meshing (to be provided for during adjustment)
Differential bevel bearing drag as applied to the outer end of
main driven gear
Pitch play in rear axle final drive gearing
Brake pedal stroke
mm
mm
Value
0–8
25
90 ± 5 (9,0 ± 0,5)
100 ± 5 (10 ± 0,5) for
МТZ-82Р
0,1 – 0,3
0,08 – 0,2
56-62 (560-620)
kgf•m (N•m)
2 (20)
28 – 32 (280 – 320)
6 (60)
20-25 (200-250)
18-24 (180-240)
mm
3
mm
mm
0,3
40 – 50 as measured at
pedal pad
mm
13 ± 0,5
mm
58 + 0,15
mm
0,3
kgf•m (N•m)
0,6 – 0,7 (6 – 7)
kgf•m (N•m)
mm
mm
3 – 5 (30 – 50)
0,25 – 0,55
70 – 90
110 – 120 (for tractors
equipped with unitized
cab)
HYDRAULIC HITCH SYSTEM
Hydraulic system pressure limited by a relief valve
kgf/cm2 (MPa) 180 – 200 (18,0 – 20,0)
Automatic return of distributor spools to neutral
kgf/cm2 (MPa) 160 – 175 (16,0 – 17,5)
Hitch mechanism left-hand drop link
mm
475
Limits of hitch mechanism right-hand drop link adjustment
mm
430 – 515
Limits of hitch mechanism compression (control) link
adjustment
mm
520 – 800
Hitch linkage sway as measured at ends of lower links, in
transport position, not more than (to each side)
mm
20
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
Section 11. Specifications to be Adjusted
131
Table 16, continued
Description
Unit of
measurement
Value
Hitch linkage sway as measured at the lower link ends, when
running with a mounted plough, not more than (to each side)
mm
125
Torquing:
turn shaft bracket attachment bolts
25 – 30 (250 – 300)
Kgf•m (N•m)
cylinder bracket attachment bolts
25 – 30 (250 – 300)
ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT
Adjustable voltage (at ambient temperature of 20 °С, current load
10 А, rated alternator rotor speed of 3600 r.p.m., with connected
storage battery), when equipped with a seasonal adjustment
screw:
“summer”
V
13,2 – 14,1
“winter”
V
14,3 – 15,2
PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
Trailer brake drive pneumatic system pressure:
kgf/cm2 (MPa)
as maintained by a regulator
6,5 – 8,0 (0,65 – 0,80)
as limited by a relief valve
8,5 – 10,0 (0,85 – 1,00)
FRONT DRIVING AXLE
Transfer box intermediate gear bevel bearing axial clearance,
not more than
mm
0,05
Main drive gear bevel bearing pre-load
mm
0,02 – 0,05
Differential bevel bearing pre-load
mm
0,01 – 0,10
Axle shaft and vertical shaft bevel bearing pre-load (FDA
equipped with bevel reduction gearings)
mm
0,05 – 0,15
Final drive reducing driven gear bevel bearing pre-load,
not more than (FDA equipped with bevel reduction gearings)
mm
0,1
Pitch play in top bevel gear pair (FDA equipped with bevel reduction gearings)
mm
0,10 – 0,55
Pitch play in bottom bevel gear pair (FDA equipped with bevel
reduction gearings)
mm
0,26 – 0,65
Axial clearance in bevel bearings of the planetary-and-spur
reduction gearbox (FDA equipped with planetary-and-spur
mm
0,05
reduction gearings)
Bevel roller bearing pre-load in the planetary-and-spur reduction gearing flange (FDA equipped with planetary-and-spur
mm
0,01 – 0,10
reduction gearings)
Knuckle pivot bevel bearing in the planetary-and-spur reduction gearbox (FDA equipped with planetary-and-spur reduction
mm
0,01 – 0,10
gearings)
Pitch play in main drive gear meshing
mm
0,18 – 0,46
Main drive gear drag to turning
kgf•m (N•m)
0,12 – 0,18 (1,2 – 1,8)
Tightening torque of front wheel disk attachment
Kgf•m (N•m)
20 – 25 (200 – 250)
Transmitted torque of the intermediate bearing safety coupling kgf•m (N•m)
40 – 80 (400 – 800)
Torquing:
Intermediate bearing support attachment bolts
Kgf•m (N•m)
12 – 15 (120 – 150)
bearing 2310К1 bolts attaching the same to the final drive
flange (FDA equipped with bevel reduction gearing)
kgf•m (N•m)
6 – 7,5 (60 – 75)
main drive gear nuts for attachment in sleeve
kgf•m (N•m)
12 – 15 (120 – 150)
wedge attachment nuts
Kgf•m (N•m)
12 – 15 (120 – 150)
Section 11.Specifications to be Adjusted
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р — Operation and Service Manual
132
12. TRACTOR ELECTRIC CIRCUIT
Electric Connection Diagram
1. Front light, left-hand
2. Starter
3. Electric torch pre-heater (ETH)
4. Diesel-engine coolant temperature gauge sensor
4а. Diesel-engine oil pressure gauge sensor
5. Air-pressure filter blocked warning light
6. Headlight, left-hand
7. Horn
8. Coolant temperature emergency indicator sensor
9. Alternator
10. Diesel-engine oil pressure emergency gauge
11. Front right-hand stop-light
12. Windshield wiper change-over switch
13. Windshield wiper
14. Combined radio-tape recorder safety fuse
15. Stereo autoradio-and-cassette player
16. Right-hand headlight
17. Loudspeaker
18. Antenna
19. Cab heater switch
20. Additional resistance
21, 26. Front work floodlights
22. Cab heater electric motor
23. «Tractor & Trailer Train» lights
24. Rear work floodlights switch
25. Front work floodlights switch
27. «Tractor&Trailer Train» light switch
28. Parking brake warning light interrupter
29. Terminal block
30. Warning light in-line panel
31. HSCU oil pressure emergency gauge
32. Air pressure emergency light
33. Cab dome light
34. Air pressure gauge sensor
35. Tachospeedometer programming console
36. Electric tachospeedometer
37. Audible signaling relay.
38. Instrument cluster
39. Warning light in-line panel
40. Terminal block
41. Terminal block
42. Braking signal switch
43. Parking brake light switch
44, 64. Rear work floodlights
45. Tail stop-light, right-hand
46, 56. Sensor (tractor speed range switch)
47. Windshield washer
48. Starter and instrument switch
49. Fuel level gauge sensor
50. Diesel-engine disable interlock switch
51. Steering column-mounted switch (multifunctional)
52. Switch
53. Combination socket
54. Rear window electric wiper
55. Number plate light
57. Master switch
58. Windshield washer switch
59, 61. Storage batteries
60. Main light switch
62. Emergency light signaling switch
63. Tail left-hand stop-light
65. Cab heater locking relay
66. Electric torch pre-heater (ETH) control unit
67. Electrical torch pre-heater relay
68. Starter locking relay
69. Starter relay
70. Direction signal indicator interrupt relay
71. Safety fuse box
Connection circuit diagram for individual indicators instead of a combined instrument cluster
(38):
72. Diesel-engine oil pressure gauge
73. Pneumatic system air pressure
74. Diesel-engine coolant temperature gauge
75. Fuel level gauge
76. Voltage indicator
Combination socket "53" terminal assignment:
1 — left-hand turn
2 — audible signaling
3 — "frame ground"
4 — right-hand turn
5 — right-hand clearance light
6 — stop-signal
7 — left-hand clearance light
8, 9 — portable inspection lamp
Contents
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
134
CONTENTS
1.
Introduction ......................................................................................................
2
2.
General description and technical characteristics of tractors ...........................
5
2.1. Brief account of tractor design and composition ..............................................
5
2.2. Basic Specifications ........................................................................................
8
3.
Safety requirements ........................................................................................ 18
4.
Controls and instruments ................................................................................. 24
4.1. Controls of a tractor equipped with a unitized cab ........................................... 24
4.2. Instruments of a tractor equipped with a unitized cab ...................................... 31
4.3. Controls and instruments of a tractor equipped with a small-size cab ............. 37
5.
Tractor on-site assembly and running-in ......................................................... 40
5.1. Installation of a pre-heater on the tractor ......................................................... 40
5.2. Tractor running-in ............................................................................................ 42
6.
Operation instructions and adjustments .......................................................... 43
6.1. Preparing the tractor for operation ................................................................... 43
6.2. List of preparatory procedures before diesel-engine start-up .......................... 43
6.3. Д-243 diesel-engine start-up ........................................................................... 44
6.4. Starting pre-heater and diesel-engine heating.................................................. 45
6.5. Getting the tractor moving and straight travel .................................................. 46
6.6. Instruction on the reverse-reducer control ....................................................... 46
6.7. Stopping the tractor ......................................................................................... 47
6.8. Diesel-engine stoppage ................................................................................... 47
6.9. Tractor handling with attached agricultural machinery .................................... 47
7.
Maintenance .................................................................................................... 74
7.1. Maintenance service when preparing the tractor for operation ........................ 75
7.2. Maintenance service schedules when in field .................................................. 78
7.3. Servicing in special conditions ......................................................................... 84
7.4. Technical servicing for storage, storage conditions and removal from storage 84
7.5. Lubrication chart .............................................................................................. 85
7.6. Scope and sequence of basic maintenance service and adjustment
operations ........................................................................................................ 87
7.7. Approximate consumption of materials for maintenance services and when
in storage ......................................................................................................... 117
8.
Tools and Accessories .................................................................................... 118
Belarus 80.1/80.2/82.1/82.2/82Р —Operation and Service Manual
Contents
135
9.
Storage regulations for the tractor ................................................................... 119
9.1. Generals ......................................................................................................... 119
9.2. Inter-seasonal storage regulations .................................................................. 119
9.3. Short-term storage instructions ....................................................................... 119
9.4. Long-term storage instructions ........................................................................ 119
9.5. Tractor preparation for service after long-term storing .................................... 121
10. Common troubles and their remedies ............................................................. 122
10.1. Diesel-engine .................................................................................................. 122
10.2. Power train ...................................................................................................... 123
10.3. Steering controls with HSB .............................................................................. 125
10.3.1. Hydrostatic steering control ......................................................................... 126
10.4. Hydraulic hitch system .................................................................................... 127
10.5. Electrical equipment ........................................................................................ 127
10.6. Cab heating and ventilation unit ...................................................................... 128
10.7. Trailer’s brake drive pneumatic system ........................................................... 128
11. Specifications to be maintained by adjustment ............................................... 129
12. Tractor connection diagram ............................................................................. 132
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