P7F-X
P7F-X/SATA
Motherboard
P7F-X Series
E4904
First Edition V1
August 2009
Copyright © 2009 ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. All Rights Reserved.
No part of this manual, including the products and software described in it, may be reproduced, transmitted,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language in any form or by any means,
except documentation kept by the purchaser for backup purposes, without the express written permission
of ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. (“ASUS”).
Product warranty or service will not be extended if: (1) the product is repaired, modified or altered, unless
such repair, modification of alteration is authorized in writing by ASUS; or (2) the serial number of the
product is defaced or missing.
ASUS PROVIDES THIS MANUAL “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL ASUS, ITS
DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR AGENTS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS,
LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF USE OR DATA, INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS AND THE LIKE),
EVEN IF ASUS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY
DEFECT OR ERROR IN THIS MANUAL OR PRODUCT.
SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL ARE FURNISHED FOR
INFORMATIONAL USE ONLY, AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE, AND
SHOULD NOT BE CONSTRUED AS A COMMITMENT BY ASUS. ASUS ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY
OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS OR INACCURACIES THAT MAY APPEAR IN THIS MANUAL,
INCLUDING THE PRODUCTS AND SOFTWARE DESCRIBED IN IT.
Products and corporate names appearing in this manual may or may not be registered trademarks or
copyrights of their respective companies, and are used only for identification or explanation and to the
owners’ benefit, without intent to infringe.
ii
Contents
Notices......................................................................................................... vii
Safety information..................................................................................... viii
About this guide.......................................................................................... ix
Typography................................................................................................... x
P7F-X Series specifications summary....................................................... xi
Chapter 1:
Product introduction
1.1
Welcome!....................................................................................... 1-3
1.2
Package contents.......................................................................... 1-3
1.3
Serial number label....................................................................... 1-4
1.4
Special features............................................................................. 1-4
1.4.1
Product highlights............................................................ 1-4
1.4.2
Innovative ASUS features................................................ 1-6
Chapter 2:
Hardware information
2.1
Before you proceed...................................................................... 2-3
2.2
Motherboard overview.................................................................. 2-4
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.2.1
Placement direction......................................................... 2-4
2.2.2
Screw holes..................................................................... 2-4
2.2.3
Motherboard layout.......................................................... 2-5
2.2.4
Layout contents................................................................ 2-7
Central Processing Unit (CPU).................................................... 2-9
2.3.1
Installing the CPU............................................................ 2-9
2.3.2
Installing the CPU heatsink and fan............................... 2-12
2.3.3
Uninstalling the CPU heatsink and fan.......................... 2-13
2.3.4
Installing the CPU heatsink in rack................................ 2-14
System memory.......................................................................... 2-15
2.4.1
Overview........................................................................ 2-15
2.4.2
Memory Configurations.................................................. 2-15
2.4.3
Installing a DIMM........................................................... 2-16
2.4.4
Removing a DIMM......................................................... 2-16
Expansion slots........................................................................... 2-17
2.5.1
Installing an expansion card.......................................... 2-17
2.5.2
Configuring an expansion card...................................... 2-17
2.5.3
Interrupt assignments.................................................... 2-18
iii
Contents
2.5.4
MIO PCIE slot................................................................ 2-19
2.5.5
PCI Express x8 slot (x4 link).......................................... 2-19
2.5.6
PCI Express x16 slot (x16 link)...................................... 2-19
2.5.7
PCI Express x1 slot........................................................ 2-19
2.5.8
PCI slots......................................................................... 2-19
2.5.9
Connect thermal sensor cable....................................... 2-20
2.5.10
Installing the audio card................................................. 2-20
2.6
Jumpers....................................................................................... 2-21
2.7
Connectors.................................................................................. 2-25
2.7.1
Rear panel connectors................................................... 2-25
2.7.2
Internal connectors........................................................ 2-26
Chapter 3:
3.1
Starting up for the first time......................................................... 3-3
3.2
Powering off the computer........................................................... 3-4
3.2.1
Using the OS shut down function..................................... 3-4
3.2.2
Using the dual function power switch............................... 3-4
Chapter 4:
4.1
4.2
4.3
BIOS setup
Managing and updating your BIOS............................................. 4-3
4.1.1
ASUS EZ Flash 2 utility.................................................... 4-3
4.1.2
BUPDATER utility............................................................ 4-4
4.1.3
ASUS CrashFree BIOS 3 utility....................................... 4-6
BIOS setup program..................................................................... 4-7
4.2.1
BIOS menu screen........................................................... 4-8
4.2.2
Menu bar.......................................................................... 4-8
4.2.3
Navigation keys................................................................ 4-8
4.2.4
Menu items...................................................................... 4-9
4.2.5
Sub-menu items............................................................... 4-9
4.2.6
Configuration fields.......................................................... 4-9
4.2.7
Pop-up window................................................................ 4-9
4.2.8
Scroll bar.......................................................................... 4-9
4.2.9
General help.................................................................... 4-9
Main menu................................................................................... 4-10
4.3.1
iv
Powering up
System Time [xx:xx:xx].................................................. 4-10
Contents
4.4
4.5
4.3.2
System Date [Day xx/xx/xxxx]........................................ 4-10
4.3.3
SATA1—6........................................................................4-11
4.3.4
Storage Configuration.................................................... 4-13
4.3.5
AHCI Configuration........................................................ 4-14
4.3.6
System Information........................................................ 4-15
Advanced menu.......................................................................... 4-16
4.4.1
CPU Configuration......................................................... 4-16
4.4.2
Chipset........................................................................... 4-20
4.4.3
Onboard Devices Configuration..................................... 4-22
4.4.4
USB Configuration......................................................... 4-24
4.4.5
PCIPnP.......................................................................... 4-25
4.4.6
ACPI Configuration........................................................ 4-26
4.4.7
Event Log Configuration................................................ 4-28
4.4.8
Intel VT-d Configuration [Disabled]................................ 4-28
4.4.9
SR-IOV Supprted [Disabled].......................................... 4-28
Server menu................................................................................ 4-29
4.5.1
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.6.1
APM Configuration......................................................... 4-31
4.6.3
Hardware Monitor.......................................................... 4-33
Boot menu................................................................................... 4-34
4.7.1
Boot Device Priority....................................................... 4-34
4.7.2
Boot Settings Configuration........................................... 4-35
4.7.3
Security.......................................................................... 4-36
Tools menu.................................................................................. 4-38
4.8.1
4.9
5.2
ASUS EZ Flash 2........................................................... 4-38
Exit menu..................................................................................... 4-39
Chapter 5:
5.1
Remote Access Configuration........................................ 4-29
Power menu................................................................................. 4-31
RAID configuration
Setting up RAID............................................................................. 5-3
5.1.1
RAID definitions............................................................... 5-3
5.1.2
Installing hard disk drives................................................. 5-4
5.1.3
Setting the RAID item in BIOS......................................... 5-4
5.1.4
RAID configuration utilities............................................... 5-4
®
Intel Matrix Storage Manager Option ROM Utility.................... 5-5
Contents
5.2.1
Creating a RAID set......................................................... 5-6
5.2.2
Creating a Recovery set.................................................. 5-7
5.2.3
Deleting a RAID set......................................................... 5-9
5.2.4
Resetting disks to Non-RAID......................................... 5-10
5.2.5
Recovery Volume Options..............................................5-11
5.2.6
Exiting the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager..................... 5-12
5.2.7
Rebuilding the RAID...................................................... 5-12
5.2.8
5.3
5.3.1
Creating a RAID set
(RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10, or RAID 5).......................... 5-16
5.3.2
Deleting an array............................................................ 5-19
Driver installation
RAID driver installation................................................................ 6-3
6.1.1
Creating a RAID driver disk............................................. 6-3
6.1.2
Installing the RAID controller driver................................. 6-5
6.2
Intel® chipset device installation................................................. 6-8
6.3
LAN driver installation................................................................ 6-10
6.4
VGA driver installation............................................................... 6-12
6.4.1
6.5
A.1
Windows® Server 2003.................................................. 6-12
Management applications and utilities installation................. 6-14
6.5.1
Running the support DVD.............................................. 6-14
6.5.2
Drivers menu.................................................................. 6-14
6.5.3
Utilities menu................................................................. 6-15
6.5.4
Make disk menu............................................................. 6-15
6.5.5
Contact information........................................................ 6-15
Appendix:
vi
Setting the Boot array in the BIOS Setup Utility............. 5-14
Marvell 88SE6145 RAID BIOS configuration utility
(P7F-X/SATA model only)........................................................... 5-15
Chapter 6:
6.1
®
Reference information
P7F-X series block diagram.........................................................A-3
Notices
Federal Communications Commission Statement
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
• This device may not cause harmful interference, and
• This device must accept any interference received including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with manufacturer’
s instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The use of shielded cables for connection of the monitor to the graphics card is
required to assure compliance with FCC regulations. Changes or modifications
to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void the user’s authority to operate this equipment.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions
from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the
Canadian Department of Communications.
This class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
REACH
Complying with the REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction
of Chemicals) regulatory framework, we published the chemical substances in our
products at ASUS REACH website at http://green.asus.com/english/REACH.htm.
vii
Safety information
Electrical safety
•
To prevent electrical shock hazard, disconnect the power cable from the
electrical outlet before relocating the system.
•
When adding or removing devices to or from the system, ensure that the
power cables for the devices are unplugged before the signal cables are
connected. If possible, disconnect all power cables from the existing system
before you add a device.
•
Before connecting or removing signal cables from the motherboard, ensure
that all power cables are unplugged.
•
Seek professional assistance before using an adapter or extension cord.
These devices could interrupt the grounding circuit.
•
Make sure that your power supply is set to the correct voltage in your area.
If you are not sure about the voltage of the electrical outlet you are using,
contact your local power company.
•
If the power supply is broken, do not try to fix it by yourself. Contact a
qualified service technician or your retailer.
Operation safety
•
Before installing the motherboard and adding devices on it, carefully read all
the manuals that came with the package.
•
Before using the product, make sure all cables are correctly connected and the
power cables are not damaged. If you detect any damage, contact your dealer
immediately.
•
To avoid short circuits, keep paper clips, screws, and staples away from
connectors, slots, sockets and circuitry.
•
Avoid dust, humidity, and temperature extremes. Do not place the product in
any area where it may become wet.
•
Place the product on a stable surface.
•
If you encounter technical problems with the product, contact a qualified
service technician or your retailer.
This symbol of the crossed out wheeled bin indicates that the product (electrical,
electronic equipment, and mercury-containing button cell battery) should not
be placed in municipal waste. Check local regulations for disposal of electronic
products.
viii
About this guide
This user guide contains the information you need when installing and configuring
the motherboard.
How this guide is organized
This user guide contains the following parts:
•
Chapter 1: Product introduction
This chapter describes the features of the motherboard and the new
technologies it supports.
•
Chapter 2: Hardware information
This chapter lists the hardware setup procedures that you have to perform
when installing system components. It includes description of the switches,
jumpers, and connectors on the motherboard.
•
Chapter 3: Powering up
This chapter describes the power up sequence and ways of shutting down
the system.
•
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
This chapter tells how to change system settings through the BIOS Setup
menus. Detailed descriptions of the BIOS parameters are also provided.
•
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
This chapter provides instructions for setting up, creating, and configuring
RAID sets using the available utilities.
•
Chapter 6: Driver installation
This chapter provides instructions for installing the necessary drivers for
different system components.
•
Appendix: Reference information
This appendix includes additional information that you may refer to when
configuring the motherboard.
Where to find more information
Refer to the following sources for additional information and for product and
software updates.
1.
ASUS websites
The ASUS website provides updated information on ASUS hardware and
software products. Refer to the ASUS contact information.
2.
Optional documentation
Your product package may include optional documentation, such as warranty
flyers, that may have been added by your dealer. These documents are not
part of the standard package.
ix
Conventions used in this guide
To make sure that you perform certain tasks properly, take note of the following
symbols used throughout this manual.
DANGER/WARNING: Information to prevent injury to yourself
when trying to complete a task.
CAUTION: Information to prevent damage to the components
when trying to complete a task.
IMPORTANT: Instructions that you MUST follow to complete a
task.
NOTE: Tips and additional information to help you complete a
task.
Typography
Bold text
Indicates a menu or an item to select.
Italics
<Key> Used to emphasize a word or a phrase.
Keys enclosed in the less-than and greaterthan sign means that you must press the
enclosed key.
Example: <Enter> means that you must press
the Enter or Return key.
<Key1+Key2+Key3>
If you must press two or more keys
simultaneously, the key names are linked with
a plus sign (+).
Example: <Ctrl+Alt+D>
Command
Means that you must type the command
exactly as shown, then supply the required
item or value enclosed in brackets.
Example: At the DOS prompt, type the
command line: format A:/S
P7F-X Series specifications summary
Model Name
Processor Support / System Bus
P7F-X
P7F-X/SATA
Quad Core Intel Xeon 3400 series Server Processor
Quad Core Intel Core i7-800 series Desktop
Processor
Quad Core Intel Core i5-700 series Desktop
Processor
Dual Core 32nm CPU design Ready
Intel® 3420 PCH
Core Logic
ATX, 12" * 9.6"
Form Factor
V
ASUS Features Fan Speed Control V
V
Rack Ready (Rack V
and Pedestal dual
use)
V
V
ASWM 2.0
4 (2-Channel)
Memory
Total Slots
Maximum up to 16GB (UDIMM)
Capacity
Desktop processor does not support ECC UDIMM.
DDR3 1066/1333 Unbuffered DIMM with ECC/ non
Memory Type
ECC
1 GB, 2GB, 4GB
Memory Size
7
Expansion Slots Total PCI/PCI-X/
(follow SSI
PCI-E Slots
Loacation #)
1 * PCI 32bit/33 MHz
Slot Loacation 1
1 * PCI 32bit/33 MHz
Slot Loacation 2
1 * PCI 32bit/33 MHz
Slot Loacation 3
1 * PCI-E x8 (x4 link)
Slot Loacation 4
1 * PCI-E x1 (x1 link)
Slot Loacation 5
1 * PCI-E x16 (x16 link)
Slot Loacation 6
1* MIO Slot for Audio card
Slot Loacation 7
(PCI-E x1 is not supported)
Intel® 3420:
Intel® 3420:
Storage
SATA Controller
6* SATA2 300MB/s ports- 6* SATA2 300MB/s portsIntel Matrix Storage utility Intel Matrix Storage utility
supports software RAID supports software RAID
0, 1, 10 & 5 (Windows) 0, 1, 10 & 5 (Windows)
Networking
LAN
Marvell® 88SE6145:
4* SATA2 300MB/s ports
supports software RAID
0, 1, 10 & 5
2 * Marvell® 88E8056 PCI-E GbE LAN
Graphics
VGA
XGI® Z9s DDR2 64MB
Refer to 2.3 Central Processing Unit for more information on CPU.
xi
P7F-X Series specifications summary
Onboard I/O
Connectors
Rear I/O
Connectors
Management
Solution
Monitoring
Environment
PSU Connector
24-pin ATX power connector + 8-pin ATX 12V power
connector
USB Connectors 3 (support 5 USB port)
(One for internal Type A USB connector)
5* 4pin
Fan Header
1
1
Chassis Intruder
1
Serial Port Header 1
1
1
LPT1
1
External Serial Port 1
2
External USB Port 2
1
1
VGA Port
2
2
RJ-45
1
1
PS/2 KB/Mouse
ASWM 2.0
Software
CPU Temperature
FAN RPM
V
V
V
V
Operation temperature: 10℃—35℃
Non operation temperature: -40℃—70℃
Non operation humidity: 20%—90%
(Non condensing)
*Specifications are subject to change without notice.
xii
This chapter describes the motherboard
features and the new technologies it supports.
1
Product
introduction
Chapter summary
1
1.1
Welcome!....................................................................................... 1-3
1.2
Package contents.......................................................................... 1-3
1.3
Serial number label....................................................................... 1-4
1.4
Special features............................................................................. 1-4
ASUS P7F-X Series
1.1
Welcome!
Thank you for buying an ASUS® P7F-X motherboard!
The motherboard delivers a host of new features and latest technologies, making it
another standout in the long line of ASUS quality motherboards!
Before you start installing the motherboard, and hardware devices on it, check the
items in your package with the list below.
1.2
Package contents
Check your motherboard package for the following items.
Standard Gift Box
Pack
6
Cables
SATA data cable
1
IO shield
Accessories
Plate for LGA1156 (1U) 1
1
Application CD Support CD
1
Documentation User Guide
Packing Qty.
1pc per carton
Standard Bulk Pack
-1
1
1
1
10pcs per carton
If any of the above items is damaged or missing, contact your retailer.
Optional items
ASUS MIO audio card
ASUS P7F-X Series
Description
Discrete 8 channel audio card provides clearest high quality
sounds
1-3
1.3
Serial number label
Before requesting support from the ASUS Technical Support team, you must take
note of the motherboard's serial number containing 13 characters xxS2xxxxxxxxx
shown as the figure below. With the correct serial number of the product, ASUS
Technical Support team members can then offer a quicker and satisfying solution
to your problems.
P7F-X
xxS2xxxxxxxxx
1.4
Special features
1.4.1
Product highlights
Made
in
China
合格
Intel® LGA1156 Lynnfield Processor Ready
This motherboard supports the latest Intel® 3400 processors in LGA1156 package,
which has memory and PCI Express controller integrated to support 2-channel (4
DIMMs) DDR3 memory and 16 PCI Express 2.0 lanes, providing great graphics
performance. Intel® 3400 processor is one of the most powerful and energy efficient
CPU in the world.
Intel Turbo Boost
Intel® Turbo Boost opportunistically and automatically allows the processor to
run faster than the marked frequency if the processor is operating below power,
temperature and current limits. This technology increases performance of both
multi-threaded and single-threaded workloads.
Intel Hyper Threading
The thread-level parallelism on each processor makes more efficient use of the
processor resources, higher processing throughout and improved performance on
today's multi-threaded software.
Intel® EM64T
The motherboard supports Intel® processors with the Intel® EM64T (Extended
Memory 64 Technology). The Intel® EM64T feature allows your computer to run on
64-bit operating systems and access larger amounts of system memory for faster
and more efficient computing.
1-4
Chapter 1: Product introduction
DDR3 memory support
The P7F-X supports UDIMM DDR3 memory that features data transfer rates
of 1333/1066 MHZ to meet the higher bandwidth requirements of server and
workstation applications. The 2-channel DDR3 architecture boosts system
performance, eliminating bottlenecks with peak bandwidth of up to 21GB/s.
Furthermore, the supply voltage for the memory is reduced from 1.8 V for DDR2 to
just 1.5V for DDR3. This voltage reduction limits the power consumption and heat
generation of DDR3 which makes it an ideal memory solution.
PCIe 2.0
This motherboard supports the latest PCIe 2.0 device for twice the current speed
and bandwidth. This enhances system performance while still providing backward
compatibility to PCIe 1.0 devices.
Marvell 88E8056 LAN Solution
The motherboard comes with dual Gigabit LAN controllers and ports which
provide a total solution for your networking needs. The onboard Marvell 88E8056
Gigabit LAN controllers use the PCI Express interface and could achieve network
throughput close to Gigabit bandwidth.
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST)
The Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST) intelligently manages the
CPU resources by automatically adjusting the CPU voltage and core frequency
depending on the CPU loading and system speed or power requirement.
Serial ATA II technology
The motherboard supports the Serial ATA II 3 Gb/s technology through the Serial
ATA interface and Intel 3420 chipset. The Serial ATA II specification provides
twice the bandwidth of the current Serial ATA products with a host of new
features, including Native Command Queuing (NCQ), Power Management (PM)
Implementation Algorithm, and Hot Swap. Serial ATA allows thinner, more flexible
cables with lower pin count and reduced voltage requirements.
USB 2.0 technology
The motherboard implements the Universal Serial Bus (USB) 2.0 specification,
dramatically increasing the connection speed from the 12 Mbps bandwidth on USB
1.1 to a fast 480 Mbps on USB 2.0. USB 2.0 is backward compatible with USB 1.1.
ASUS P7F-X Series
1-5
Temperature, fan, and voltage monitoring
The CPU temperature is monitored to prevent overheating and damage. The
system fan rotations per minute (RPM) is monitored for timely failure detection.
The chip monitors the voltage levels to ensure stable supply of current for critical
components.
1.4.2
Innovative ASUS features
ASUS MIO Audio card
Enjoy high-end sound quality! The ASUS MIO audio card is a discrete 8-channel
high definition audio (High Definition Audio previously codenamed Azalia) CODEC
enable clearest high quality audio output, jack-sensing feature, retasking functions,
and multi-streaming technology that simultaneously send different audio streams to
different destinations.
1-6
Chapter 1: Product introduction
This chapter lists the hardware setup
procedures that you have to perform
when installing system components. It
includes description of the jumpers and
connectors on the motherboard.
2
Hardware
information
Chapter summary
2
2.1
Before you proceed...................................................................... 2-3
2.2
Motherboard overview.................................................................. 2-4
2.3
Central Processing Unit (CPU).................................................... 2-9
2.4
System memory.......................................................................... 2-15
2.5
Expansion slots........................................................................... 2-17
2.6
Jumpers....................................................................................... 2-21
2.7
Connectors.................................................................................. 2-25
ASUS P7F-X Series
2.1
Before you proceed
Take note of the following precautions before you install motherboard components or change
any motherboard settings.
•
Unplug the power cord from the wall socket before touching any
component.
•
Use a grounded wrist strap or touch a safely grounded object or a metal
object, such as the power supply case, before handling components to
avoid damaging them due to static electricity.
•
Hold components by the edges to avoid touching the ICs on them.
•
Whenever you uninstall any component, place it on a grounded antistatic
pad or in the bag that came with the component.
•
Before you install or remove any component, ensure that the power supply
is switched off or the power cord is detached from the power supply. Failure
to do so may cause severe damage to the motherboard, peripherals, and/or
components.
Onboard LED
1.
Standby Power LED
The motherboard comes with a standby power LED. The green LED lights up
to indicate that the system is ON, in sleep mode, or in soft-off mode. This is a
reminder that you should shut down the system and unplug the power cable
before removing or plugging in any motherboard component. The illustration
below shows the location of the onboard LED
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-3
2.2
Motherboard overview
Before you install the motherboard, study the configuration of your chassis to
ensure that the motherboard fits into it.
To optimize the motherboard features, we highly recommend that you install it in an
ATX 1.1 compliant chassis.
Ensure to unplug the chassis power cord before installing or removing the
motherboard. Failure to do so can cause you physical injury and damage
motherboard components!
2.2.1
Placement direction
When installing the motherboard, ensure that you place it into the chassis in the
correct orientation. The edge with external ports goes to the rear part of the chassis
as indicated in the image below.
2.2.2
Screw holes
Place nine (9) screws into the holes indicated by circles to secure the motherboard
to the chassis.
DO NOT overtighten the screws! Doing so can damage the motherboard.
Place this side towards
the rear of the chassis
2-4
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.2.3
Motherboard layout
P7F-X
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-5
P7F-X/SATA
2-6
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.2.4
Layout contents
Slots/Soocket
Page
1.
CPU sockets
2-9
2.
DDR3 sockets
2-15
3.
MIO PCIE slot
2-19
4.
PCI Express x 8 slot (x4 link)
2-19
5.
PCI Express x 16 slot (x16 link)
2-19
6.
PCI Express x 1 slot
2-19
7.
PCI slots
2-19
Jumpers
Page
1.
Clear RTC RAM (CLRTC1)
2-21
2.
VGA controller setting (3-pin VGA_SW1))
2-22
3.
CPU Fan and Chassis Fan control setting
(3-pin CPUFAN_SEL1, CHAFAN_SEL1)
2-22
4.
LAN controller setting (3-pin LAN_SW1, LAN_SW2)
2-23
5.
SATA controller setting (3-pin RAID_EN1)
(P7F-X/SATA model only)
2-23
6.
Force BIOS recovery setting (3-pin RECOVERY1)
2-24
Rear panel connectors
Page
1.
PS/2 mouse port (green)
2-25
2.
PS/2 keyboard port (purple)
2-25
3.
USB 2.0 ports 1 and 2
2-25
4.
Serial (COM1) port
2-25
5.
Video Graphics Adapter port
2-25
6.
LAN 1 (RJ-45) port
2-25
7.
LAN 2 (RJ-45) port
2-25
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-7
2-8
Internal connectors
Page
1.
Serial ATA connectors
(7-pin SATA1, SATA2, SATA3, SATA4; RED)
(7-pin SATA5, SATA6; Black)
2-26
2.
SATA connectors(7-pin SATA1, SATA2, SATA3, SATA4; Red)
(P7F-X/SATA model only)
2-27
3.
Hard disk activity LED connector (4-pin HDLED1)
2-27
4.
USB connector (10-1 pin USB34, USB56; A-Type USB7)
2-28
5.
Thermal sensor cable connectors (3-pin TR1)
2-28
6.
CPU, front and rear fan connectors
(4-pin CPU_FAN1, FRNT_FAN1, FRNT_FAN2, FRNT_FAN3,
REAR_FAN1)
2-29
7.
Parallel port connector (26-1 pin LPT1)
2-29
8.
Serial General Purpose Input/Output connector (6-1 pin SGPIO1)
2-30
9.
Serial port connector (10-1 pin COM2)
2-30
10.
ATX power connectors
(24-pin EATXPWR1, 8-pin EATX12V1)
2-31
11.
System panel connector (20-1 pin PANEL1)
2-32
12.
Auxiliary panel connector (20-2 pin AUX_PANEL1)
2-33
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.3
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The motherboard comes with a surface mount LGA1156 socket designed for the
Intel® Xeon 3400 series processor.
2.3.1
•
Upon purchase of the motherboard, ensure that the PnP cap is on
the socket and the socket contacts are not bent. Contact your retailer
immediately if the PnP cap is missing, or if you see any damage to the PnP
cap/socket contacts/motherboard components. ASUS will shoulder the cost
of repair only if the damage is shipment/transit-related.
•
Keep the cap after installing the motherboard. ASUS will process Return
Merchandise Authorization (RMA) requests only if the motherboard comes
with the cap on the LGA1156 socket.
•
The product warranty does not cover damage to the socket contacts
resulting from incorrect CPU installation/removal, or misplacement/loss/
incorrect removal of the PnP cap.
Installing the CPU
To install a CPU:
1.
Locate the CPU socket on the motherboard.
Before installing the CPU, ensure that the socket box is facing toward you and
the load lever is on your left.
2.
Press the load lever with your
thumb (A), and then move it to the
right (B) until it is released from the
retention tab.
To prevent damage to the socket
pins, do not remove the PnP cap
unless you are installing a CPU.
ASUS P7F-X Series
Load lever
A
B
Retention tab
2-9
3.
Lift the load lever in the direction
of the arrow until the load plate is
completely lifted.
Load plate
4.
5.
Remove the PnP cap from the CPU
socket.
PnP cap
Position the CPU over the socket,
ensuring that the gold triangle is on
the bottom‑left corner of the socket,
and then fit the socket alignment
keys into the CPU notches.
The CPU fits in only one correct
orientation. DO NOT force the
CPU into the socket to prevent
bending the connectors on the
socket and damaging the CPU!
CPU notches
Gold
triangle
mark
Alignment keys
2-10
Chapter 2: Hardware information
6.
Apply some Thermal Interface
Material to the exposed area of
the CPU that the heatsink will be
in contact with, ensuring that it is
spread in an even thin layer.
Some heatsinks come with preapplied thermal paste. If so, skip
this step.
The Thermal Interface Material is
toxic and inedible. DO NOT eat it.
If it gets into your eyes or touches
your skin, wash it off immediately,
and seek professional medical
help.
7.
Close the load plate (A), and then
push down the load lever (B),
ensuring that the front edge of the
load plate slides under the retention
knob (C).
B
A
C
8.
Insert the load lever under the
retention tab.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-11
2.3.2
Installing the CPU heatsink and fan
The Intel LGA1156 processor requires a specially designed heatsink and fan
assembly to ensure optimum thermal condition and performance.
®
•
When you buy a boxed Intel® processor, the package includes the CPU fan
and heatsink assembly. If you buy a CPU separately, ensure that you use
only Intel®‑certified multi‑directional heatsink and fan.
•
Your Intel® LGA1156 heatsink and fan assembly comes in a push-pin
design and requires no tool to install.
•
Use an LGA1156-compatible CPU heatsink and fan assembly only. The
LGA1156 socket is incompatible with the LGA775 and LGA1366 sockets in
size and dimension.
If you purchased a separate CPU heatsink and fan assembly, ensure that the
Thermal Interface Material is properly applied to the CPU heatsink or CPU
before you install the heatsink and fan assembly.
Ensure that you have installed the motherboard to the chassis before you install
the CPU fan and heatsink assembly.
To install the CPU heatsink and fan:
1.
2.
Place the heatsink on top of the
installed CPU, making sure that the
four fasteners match the holes on
the motherboard.
A
B
B
Push down two fasteners at a time
in a diagonal sequence to secure
the heatsink and fan assembly in
place.
A
A
B
1
B
A
1
Orient the heatsink and fan assembly such that the CPU fan cable is closest to
the CPU fan connector.
2-12
Chapter 2: Hardware information
3.
Connect the CPU fan cable to the connector on the motherboard labeled
CPU_FAN.
DO NOT forget to connect the CPU fan connector! Hardware monitoring errors
can occur if you fail to plug this connector.
2.3.3
Uninstalling the CPU
heatsink and fan
A
To uninstall the CPU heatsink and fan:
1. Disconnect the CPU fan cable from
the connector on the motherboard.
2.
Rotate each fastener
counterclockwise.
3.
Pull up two fasteners at a time in a
diagonal sequence to disengage the
heatsink and fan assembly from the
motherboard.
4.
A
B
B
A
B
B
A
Carefully remove the heatsink and fan assembly from the motherboard.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-13
2.3.4
Installing the CPU heatsink in rack
The Intel 1156 processor requires a specially designed heatsink to ensure
optimum thermal condition and performance.
®
•
Ensure that you use qualified heatsink assembly only.
•
Ensure that you have applied the thermal interface material to the top of the
CPU before installing the heatsink and fan.
1.
Peel off the sticker on the heatsink metal plate and affix the plate to the back
of the motherboard, matching the standoffs to the heatsink screw holes.
2.
Use a Phillips screwdriver to tighten the four heatsink screws in a diagonal
sequence.
Ensure that the heatsink is not skewed or tilted, otherwise the CPU will overheat.
2-14
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.4
System memory
2.4.1
Overview
The motherboard comes with four Double Data Rate 3 (DDR3) Dual Inline Memory
Modules (DIMM) sockets.
A DDR3 module has the same physical dimensions as a DDR2 DIMM but is
notched differently to prevent installation on a DDR2 DIMM socket. DDR3 modules
are developed for better performance with less power consumption.
The figure illustrates the location of the DDR3 DIMM sockets:
2.4.2
Memory Configurations
You may install 1 GB, 2 GB, 4 GB Unbuffered with ECC/Non-ECC DDR3 DIMMs
into the DIMM sockets using the memory configurations in this section.
UDIMM
DIMM Slot
Per Channel
2
2
DIMM Populated DIMM Type
per Channel
1
Unbuffered DDR3
2
Unbuffered DDR3
Speed
Rank per DIMM
1333
1333
Single Rank, Dual Rank
Single Rank, Dual Rank
•
Always install DIMMs with the same CAS latency. For optimum
compatibility, it is recommended that you obtain memory modules from the
same vendor. DO NOT combine RDIMM and UDIMM.
•
The motherboard supports x8 DRAM Only and x4 & x16 DRAM are not
supported
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-15
2.4.3
Installing a DIMM
Unplug the power supply before adding or removing DIMMs or other
system components. Failure to do so can cause severe damage to both the
motherboard and the components.
2
To install a DIMM:
1.
Press the retaining clips outward
to unlock a DIMM socket.
2.
Align a DIMM on the socket
such that the notch on the DIMM
matches the break on the socket.
3.
Firmly insert the DIMM into the
socket until the retaining clips
snap back in place and the DIMM
is properly seated.
3
DDR3 DIMM notch
1
1
Unlocked retaining clip
2.4.4
•
A DDR3 DIMM is keyed with a notch so that it fits in only one direction. DO
NOT force a DIMM into a socket to avoid damaging the DIMM.
•
The DDR3 DIMM sockets do not support DDR and DDR2 DIMMs. DO NOT
install DDR or DDR2 DIMMs to the DDR3 DIMM sockets.
Removing a DIMM
To remove a DIMM:
1.
Support the DIMM lightly with
your fingers when pressing the
retaining clips. The DIMM might
get damaged when it flips out
with extra force.
2.
2-16
2
Simultaneously press the retaining
clips outward to unlock the DIMM.
DDR3 DIMM notch
1
1
Remove the DIMM from the socket.
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.5
Expansion slots
In the future, you may need to install expansion cards. The following subsections
describe the slots and the expansion cards that they support.
Ensure to unplug the power cord before adding or removing expansion cards.
Failure to do so may cause you physical injury and damage motherboard
components.
2.5.1
Installing an expansion card
To install an expansion card:
1.
Before installing the expansion card, read the documentation that came with
it and make the necessary hardware settings for the card.
2.
Remove the system unit cover (if your motherboard is already installed in a
chassis).
3.
Remove the bracket opposite the slot that you intend to use. Keep the screw
for later use.
4.
Align the card connector with the slot and press firmly until the card is
completely seated on the slot.
5.
Secure the card to the chassis with the screw you removed earlier.
6.
Replace the system cover.
2.5.2
Configuring an expansion card
After installing the expansion card, configure the it by adjusting the software
settings.
1.
Turn on the system and change the necessary BIOS settings, if any. See
Chapter 4 for information on BIOS setup.
2.
Assign an IRQ to the card. Refer to the tables on the next page.
3.
Install the software drivers for the expansion card.
When using PCI cards on shared slots, ensure that the drivers support “Share
IRQ” or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. Otherwise, conflicts will
arise between the two PCI groups, making the system unstable and the card
inoperable.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-17
2.5.3
Interrupt assignments
Standard Interrupt assignments
IRQ
Priority
Standard function
0
1
System Timer
1
2
Keyboard Controller
2
-
Programmable Interrupt
3*
11
Communications Port (COM2)
4*
12
Communications Port (COM1)
5*
13
--
6
14
Floppy Disk Controller
7*
15
--
8
3
System CMOS/Real Time Clock
9*
4
ACPI Mode when used
10*
5
IRQ Holder for PCI Steering
11*
6
IRQ Holder for PCI Steering
12*
7
PS/2 Compatible Mouse Port
13
8
Numeric Data Processor
14*
9
Primary IDE Channel
15*
10
Secondary IDE Channel
* These IRQs are usually available for ISA or PCI devices.
2-18
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.5.4
MIO PCIE slot
The MIO PCIE slot only supports a MIO audio card, which offers great sound
quality to complement the robust video power.
This slot does not support PCI-E x1 cards.
2.5.5
PCI Express x8 slot (x4 link)
The onboard PCI Express x8 slots provides one x4 link to CPU. This slot supports
VGA cards and various server class high performance add-on cards.
2.5.6
PCI Express x16 slot (x16 link)
The onboard PCI Express x16 slot provides one x16 link to CPU. This slot supports
VGA cards and various server class high performance add-on cards.
2.5.7
PCI Express x1 slot
This slot supports PCI Express cards that comply with the PCI Express
specifications.
2.5.8
PCI slots
The PCI slot supports cards such as a LAN card, USB card, and other cards that
comply with PCI 2.3 specifications.
MIO PCIE slot
PCIEx16 slot
(x16 link)
PCIEx1 slot
PCIEx8 slot
(x4 link)
PCI slots
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-19
2.5.9
Connect thermal sensor cable
Follow the steps below to connect the thermal sensor cable to the connector on
your motherboard.
1.
Locate the TR1 connector on the
motherboard.
2.
Connect the thermal sensor cable to
the connector.
3.
Place the other end of the thermal sensor cable to the device you would like
to monitor temperature.
2.5.10
Installing the audio card
1.
Locate the audio slot on the
motherboard.
2.
Align the card connector with the slot
and press firmly until the card sits on
the slot completely.
This slot does not support PCI-E x1 cards.
2-20
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.6
1.
Jumpers
Clear RTC RAM (CLRTC1)
This jumper allows you to clear the Real Time Clock (RTC) RAM in CMOS.
You can clear the CMOS memory of date, time, and system setup parameters
by erasing the CMOS RTC RAM data. The onboard button cell battery
powers the RAM data in CMOS, which include system setup information such
as system passwords.
To erase the RTC RAM:
1. Turn OFF the computer and unplug the power cord.
2. Move the jumper cap from pins 1–2 (default) to pins 2–3. Keep the cap
on pins 2–3 for about 5–10 seconds, then move the cap back to pins 1–2.
3. Plug the power cord and turn ON the computer.
4. Hold down the <Del> key during the boot process and enter BIOS setup
to re-enter data.
Except when clearing the RTC RAM, never remove the cap on CLRTC jumper
default position. Removing the cap will cause system boot failure!
If the steps above do not help, remove the onboard battery and move the
jumper again to clear the CMOS RTC RAM data. After the CMOS clearance,
reinstall the battery.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-21
2.
VGA controller setting (3-pin VGA_SW1)
This jumper allows you to enable or disable the onboard VGA controller. Set
to pins 1–2 to activate the VGA feature.
3.
CPU Fan and Chassis Fan control setting
(3-pin CPUFAN_SEL1, CHAFAN_SEL1)
These jumpers allow you to switch for fan pin selection. The CPUFAN_SEL1
jumper is for the CPU fan control and the CHAFAN_SEL1 jumper is for the
front fans and rear fans control. Set to pins 1–2 when using 4-pin fans or pins
2–3 when using 3-pin fans.
2-22
•
If you use a 4-pin fan but set the jumper to pin 2-3, the fan you installed
may not work.
•
If you use a 3-pin fan but set the jumper for a 4-pin fan, the fan control will
not work and the fan you installed will always run at full speed.
Chapter 2: Hardware information
4.
5.
LAN controller setting (3-pin LAN_SW1, LAN_SW2)
These jumpers allow you to enable or disable the onboard Marvell® 88E8056
Gigabit LAN controllers. Set to pins 1-2 to activate the Gigabit LAN feature.
SATA controller setting (3-pin RAID_EN1) (P7F-X/SATA model only)
This jumper allows you to enable or disable the onboard Marvell® 88SE6145
SATA controller.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-23
6.
Force BIOS recovery setting (3-pin RECOVERY1)
This jumper allows you to quickly update or recover the BIOS settings when it
becomes corrupted.
To update the BIOS:
1. Prepare a USB flash disk that contains the original or latest BIOS for the
motherboard (XXXXXX.ROM) and the BUPDATER.EXE utility.
2. Set the jumper to pins 2–3.
3. Insert the USB flash and turn on the system to update the BIOS.
4. Shut down the system.
5. Set the jumper back to pins 1–2.
6. Turn on the system.
2-24
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.7
Connectors
2.7.1
Rear panel connectors
1.
PS/2 mouse port (green). This port is for a PS/2 mouse.
2.
PS/2 keyboard port (purple). This port is for a PS/2 keyboard.
3.
USB 2.0 ports 1 and 2. These two 4-pin Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
are available for connecting USB 2.0 devices.
4.
Serial (COM1) port. This 9-pin communication port is for pointing devices or
other serial devices.
5.
Video Graphics Adapter port. This port is for a VGA monitor or other VGAcompatible devices.
6.
LAN 1 (RJ-45) port. This port allows Gigabit connection to a Local Area
Network (LAN) through a network hub. Refer to the table below for the LAN
port LED indications.
7.
LAN 2 (RJ-45) port. This port allows Gigabit connection to a Local Area
Network (LAN) through a network hub. Refer to the table below for the LAN
port LED indications.
LAN port LED indications
Activity/Link LED
Speed LED
Status
Description
Status
Description
OFF
No link
OFF
10 Mbps connection
GREEN
Linked
ORANGE
100 Mbps connection
BLINKING
Data activity
GREEN
1 Gbps connection
ASUS P7F-X Series
ACT/LINK SPEED
LED
LED
LAN port
2-25
2.7.2
1.
Internal connectors
Serial ATA connectors
(7-pin SATA1, SATA2, SATA3, SATA4; RED)
(7-pin SATA5, SATA6; Black)
Supported by the Intel® 3420 chipset, these connectors are for the Serial ATA
signal cables for Serial ATA hard disk drives that allows up to 3Gb/s of data
transfer rate.
If you installed Serial ATA hard disk drives, you can create a RAID 0, RAID 1,
RAID 10, or RAID 5 configuration.
2-26
•
The actual data transfer rate depends on the speed of Serial ATA hard disks
installed.
•
The SATA connectors do not support SATA cables with latch.
Chapter 2: Hardware information
2.
Serial ATA connectors (7-pin SATA1, SATA2, SATA3, SATA4; RED)
(P7F-X/SATA model only)
Supported by the Marvell® 88SE6145 chipset, these connectors are for the
Serial ATA signal cables for Serial ATA hard disk drives that allows up to
3Gb/s of data transfer rate.
If you installed Serial ATA hard disk drives, you can create a RAID 0, RAID 1,
RAID 10, or RAID 5 configuration.
3.
Hard disk activity LED connector (4-pin HDLED1)
This LED connector is for the storage add-on card cable connected to
the SATA or SAS add-on card. The read or write activities of any device
connected to the SATA or SAS add-on card causes the front panel LED to
light up.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-27
4.
USB connector (10-1 pin USB34, USB56; A-Type USB7)
These connectors are for USB 2.0 ports. Connect the USB module cables to
connectors USB34 and USB56, then install the modules to a slot opening at
the back of the system chassis. These USB connectors comply with USB 2.0
specification that supports up to 480 Mbps connection speed.
5.
Thermal sensor cable connectors (3-pin TR1)
This connector is for temperature monitoring. Connect the thermal sensor
cable to this connector and place the other end to the device, which you want
to monitor temperature.
2-28
Chapter 2: Hardware information
6.
CPU, front and rear fan connectors
(4-pin CPU_FAN1, FRNT_FAN1, FRNT_FAN2, FRNT_FAN3, REAR_FAN1)
The fan connectors support cooling fans of 350 mA–740 mA (8.88 W max.)
or a total of 3.15 A–6.66 A (53.28 W max.) at +12V. Connect the fan cables to
the fan connectors on the motherboard, ensuring that the black wire of each
cable matches the ground pin of the connector.
7.
•
DO NOT forget to connect the fan cables to the fan connectors. Insufficient
air flow inside the system may damage the motherboard components.
•
These are not jumpers! DO NOT place jumper caps on the fan connectors!
•
All fans feature the ASUS Smart Fan technology.
Parallel port connector (26-1 pin LPT1)
This connector is for a parallel port. Connect the parallel port module cable
to this connector, then install the module to a slot opening at the back of the
system chassis.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-29
8.
Serial General Purpose Input/Output connector (6-1 pin SGPIO1)
This connector is used for the SGPIO peripherals for the Intel Matrix RAID
SATA LED.
9.
Serial port connector (10-1 pin COM2)
This connector is for a serial (COM) port. Connect the serial port module
cable to this connector, then install the module to a slot opening at the back
of the system chassis.
2-30
Chapter 2: Hardware information
10. ATX power connectors
(24-pin EATXPWR1, 8-pin EATX12V1)
These connectors are for an ATX power supply plugs. The power supply
plugs are designed to fit these connectors in only one orientation. Find the
proper orientation and push down firmly until the connectors completely fit.
•
DO NOT forget to connect the 24+8-pin power plugs; otherwise, the system
will not boot up.
•
Use of a PSU with a higher power output is recommended when
configuring a system with more power-consuming devices. The system
may become unstable or may not boot up if the power is inadequate.
•
This motherboard supports ATX2.0 PSU or later version.
•
Ensure that your power supply unit (PSU) can provide at least the minimum
power required by your system.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-31
11. System panel connector (20-pin PANEL1)
This connector supports several chassis-mounted functions.
1. System power LED (3-pin PLED)
This 3-pin connector is for the system power LED. Connect the chassis
power LED cable to this connector. The system power LED lights up
when you turn on the system power, and blinks when the system is in
sleep mode.
2. Message LED (2-pin MLED)
This 2-pin connector is for the message LED cable that connects to
the front message LED. The message LED is controlled by Hardware
monitor to indicate an abnormal event occurance.
3. System warning speaker (4-pin SPEAKER)
This 4-pin connector is for the chassis-mounted system warning
speaker. The speaker allows you to hear system beeps and warnings.
4. Hard disk drive activity LED (2-pin HDDLED)
This 2-pin connector is for the HDD Activity LED. Connect the HDD
Activity LED cable to this connector. The IDE LED lights up or flashes
when data is read from or written to the HDD.
5. SSI power button/soft-off button (2-pin PWRSW)
This connector is for the system power button. Pressing the power
button turns the system on or puts the system in sleep or soft-off mode
depending on the BIOS settings. Pressing the power switch for more
than four seconds while the system is ON turns the system OFF.
6. Reset button (2-pin RESET)
This 2-pin connector is for the chassis-mounted reset button for system
reboot without turning off the system power.
2-32
Chapter 2: Hardware information
12. Auxiliary panel connector (20-pin AUX_PANEL1)
This connector is for additional front panel features including front panel
SMB, locator LED and switch, chassis intrusion, and LAN LEDs.
1. Front panel SMB (6-1 pin FPSMB)
These leads connect the front panel SMBus cable.
2. LAN activity LED (2-pin LAN1_LED, LAN2_LED)
These leads are for Gigabit LAN activity LEDs on the front panel.
3. Chassis intrusion (4-1 pin CHASSIS)
These leads are for the intrusion detection feature for chassis with
intrusion sensor or microswitch. When you remove any chassis
component, the sensor triggers and sends a high-level signal to these
leads to record a chassis intrusion event. The default setting is short
CASEOPEN and GND pin by jumper cap to disable the function.
4. Locator LED (2-pin LOCATORLED1 and 2-pin LOCATORLED2)
These leads are for the locator LED1 and LED2 on the front panel.
Connect the Locator LED cables to these 2-pin connector. The LEDs will
light up when the Locator button is pressed.
5. Locator Button/Swich (2-pin LOCATORBTN)
These leads are for the locator button on the front panel. This button
queries the state of the system locator.
ASUS P7F-X Series
2-33
2-34
Chapter 2: Hardware information
This chapter describes the power up
sequence, and ways of shutting down the
system.
3
Powering up
Chapter summary
3
3.1
Starting up for the first time......................................................... 3-3
3.2
Turning off the computer.............................................................. 3-4
ASUS P7F-X Series
3.1
Starting up for the first time
1.
After making all the connections, replace the system case cover.
2.
Be sure that all switches are off.
3.
Connect the power cord to the power connector at the back of the system
chassis.
4.
Connect the power cord to a power outlet that is equipped with a surge
protector.
5.
Turn on the devices in the following order:
a. Monitor
b. External SCSI devices (starting with the last device on the chain)
c. System power
6.
After applying power, the system power LED on the system front panel case
lights up. For systems with SSI power supplies, the system LED lights up
when you press the SSI power button. If your monitor complies with “green”
standards or if it has a “power standby” feature, the monitor LED may light up
or switch between orange and green after the system LED turns on.
The system then runs the power-on self-test or POST. While the tests are
running, the BIOS beeps or additional messages appear on the screen. If you
do not see anything within 30 seconds from the time you turned on the power,
the system may have failed a power-on test. Check the jumper settings and
connections or call your retailer for assistance.
7.
At power on, hold down the <Del> key to enter the BIOS Setup. Follow the
instructions in Chapter 4.
ASUS P7F-X Series
3-3
3.2
Powering off the computer
3.2.1
Using the OS shut down function
If you are using Windows® 2003 Server:
1. Click the Start button then click Shut Down.
2. Select Shut Down from the What do you want the computer to do? list
box.
3.
Select Shutdown Event Tracker.
4.
Ensure that the Planned check box is checked.
5.
Select shutdown option from the list box.
6.
If necessary, key in comments.
7.
Click OK.
3.2.2
Using the dual function power switch
While the system is ON, pressing the power switch for less than four seconds puts
the system to sleep mode or to soft-off mode, depending on the BIOS setting.
Pressing the power switch for more than four seconds lets the system enter the
soft-off mode regardless of the BIOS setting. Refer to section 4.5 Power Menu in
Chapter 4 for details.
3-4
Chapter 3: Powering up
This chapter tells how to change the
system settings through the BIOS Setup
menus. Detailed descriptions of the BIOS
parameters are also provided.
4
BIOS setup
Chapter summary
4
4.1
Managing and updating your BIOS............................................. 4-1
4.2
BIOS setup program..................................................................... 4-7
4.3
Main menu................................................................................... 4-10
4.4
Advanced menu.......................................................................... 4-16
4.5
Server menu................................................................................ 4-29
4.6
Power menu................................................................................. 4-31
4.7
Boot menu................................................................................... 4-34
4.8
Tools menu.................................................................................. 4-38
4.9
Exit menu..................................................................................... 4-39
ASUS P7F-X Series
4.1
Managing and updating your BIOS
The following utilities allow you to manage and update the motherboard Basic
Input/Output System (BIOS) setup:
1.
ASUS EZ Flash 2 (Updates the BIOS using a floppy disk or USB flash disk.)
2.
BUPDATER utility (Updates the BIOS in DOS mode using a bootable USB
flash disk drive.)
3.
ASUS CrashFree BIOS 3 (To recover the BIOS using a bootable USB flash
disk drive when the BIOS file fails or gets corrupted.)
Refer to the corresponding sections for details on these utilities.
Save a copy of the original motherboard BIOS file to a bootable USB flash
disk drive in case you need to restore the BIOS in the future. Copy the original
motherboard BIOS using the BUPDATER utility.
4.1.1
ASUS EZ Flash 2 utility
The ASUS EZ Flash 2 feature allows you to update the BIOS without having to use
a DOS‑based utility.
Before you start using this utility, download the latest BIOS from the ASUS
website at www.asus.com.
To update the BIOS using EZ Flash 2
1.
2.
Insert the USB flash disk that contains the latest BIOS file to the USB port.
Enter the BIOS setup program. Go to the Tools menu to select EZ Flash 2
and press <Enter> to enable it.
ASUSTek EZ Flash 2 BIOS ROM Utility V3.34
FLASH TYPE: MXIC 25L1605A
Current ROM
BOARD: P7F-X
VER: 0205
DATE: 07/23/2009
Update ROM
BOARD: Unknown
VER: Unknown
DATE: Unknown
PATH: A:\
A:
Note
[Enter] Select or Load
[Up/Down/Home/End] Move
ASUS P7F-X Series
[Tab] Switch
[B] Backup
[V] Drive Info
[Esc] Exit
4-3
3.
Press <Tab> to switch between drives until the correct BIOS file is
found. When found, EZ Flash 2 performs the BIOS update process and
automatically reboots the system when done.
•
This function can support devices such as a USB flash disk with FAT 32/16
format and single partition only.
•
DO NOT shut down or reset the system while updating the BIOS to prevent
system boot failure!
Ensure to load the BIOS default settings to ensure system compatibility and
stability. Select the Load Setup Defaults item under the Exit menu. See
section 4.9 Exit Menu for details.
4.1.2
BUPDATER utility
The succeeding BIOS screens are for reference only. The actual BIOS screen
displays may not be the same as shown.
The BUPDATER utility allows you to update the BIOS file in DOS environment
using a bootable USB flash disk drive with the updated BIOS file.
Updating the BIOS file
To update the BIOS file using the BUPDATER utility:
1.
Visit the ASUS website at www.asus.com and download the latest BIOS file
for the motherboard. Save the BIOS file to a bootable����������������������
USB flash disk drive�.
2.
Copy the BUPDATER utility (BUPDATER.exe) from the ASUS support
website at support.asus.com to the bootable����������������������������������
USB flash disk drive ������������
you created
earlier.
3.
Boot the system in DOS mode, then at the prompt, type:
BUPDATER /i[filename].ROM
where [filename] is the latest or the original BIOS file on the bootable�����
USB
flash disk drive���������������������
, then press <Enter>.
A:\>BUPDATER /i[file name].ROM
4-4
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
The utility verifies the file, then starts updating the BIOS file.
ASUSTek BIOS Update for DOS V1.06 (09/08/04)
FLASH TYPE: MXIC 25L1605A
Current ROM
BOARD: P7F-X
VER: 0205
DATE: 07/23/2009
Update ROM
BOARD: P7F-X
VER: 0206
DATE: 08/10/2009
PATH: WARNING! Do not turn off power during flash BIOS
Note
Writing BIOS:
DO NOT shut down or reset the system while updating the BIOS to prevent
system boot failure!
5.
The utility returns to the DOS prompt after the BIOS update process is
completed. Reboot the system from the hard disk drive.
The BIOS update is finished! Please restart your system.
C:\>
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-5
4.1.3
ASUS CrashFree BIOS 3 utility
The ASUS CrashFree BIOS 3 is an auto recovery tool that allows you to restore
the BIOS file when it fails or gets corrupted during the updating process. You can
update a corrupted BIOS file using a USB flash drive that contains the updated
BIOS file.
Prepare a USB flash drive containing the updated motherboard BIOS before
using this utility.
Recovering the BIOS from a USB flash drive
To recover the BIOS from a USB flash drive:
1.
Remove any floppy disk from the floppy disk drive and turn the system.
2.
Insert the USB flash drive with the original or updated BIOS file to one USB
port on the system.
3.
The utility will automatically recover the BIOS. It resets the system when the
BIOS recovery finished.
DO NOT shut down or reset the system while recovering the BIOS! Doing so
would cause system boot failure!
The recovered BIOS may not be the latest BIOS version for this motherboard.
Visit the ASUS website at www.asus.com to download the latest BIOS file.
4-6
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.2
BIOS setup program
This motherboard supports a programmable Low-Pin Count (LPC) chip that you
can update using the provided utility described in section 4.1 Managing and
updating your BIOS.
Use the BIOS Setup program when you are installing a motherboard, reconfiguring
your system, or prompted to “Run Setup.” This section explains how to configure
your system using this utility.
Even if you are not prompted to use the Setup program, you can change the
configuration of your computer in the future. For example, you can enable the
security password feature or change the power management settings. This
requires you to reconfigure your system using the BIOS Setup program so that the
computer can recognize these changes and record them in the CMOS RAM of the
LPC chip.
The LPC chip on the motherboard stores the Setup utility. When you start up the
computer, the system provides you with the opportunity to run this program. Press
<Del> during the Power-On Self-Test (POST) to enter the Setup utility; otherwise,
POST continues with its test routines.
If you wish to enter Setup after POST, restart the system by pressing
<Ctrl+Alt+Delete>, or by pressing the reset button on the system chassis. You can
also restart by turning the system off and then back on. Do this last option only if
the first two failed.
The Setup program is designed to make it as easy to use as possible. Being a
menu-driven program, it lets you scroll through the various sub-menus and make
your selections from the available options using the navigation keys.
•
The default BIOS settings for this motherboard apply for most conditions
to ensure optimum performance. If the system becomes unstable after
changing any BIOS settings, load the default settings to ensure system
compatibility and stability. Select the Load Setup Defaults item under the
Exit Menu. See section 4.9 Exit Menu.
•
The BIOS setup screens shown in this section are for reference purposes
only, and may not exactly match what you see on your screen.
•
Visit the ASUS website (www.asus.com) to download the latest BIOS file for
this motherboard.
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-7
4.2.1
BIOS menu screen
Menu items
Main
Menu bar
Advanced
Configuration fields
Server
System Time
System Date
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
1
2
3
4
5
6
:
:
:
:
:
:
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
General help
Exit
[13:44:30]
[Tue, 07/28/2009]
Use [ENTER], [TAB]
or [SHIFT-TAB] to
select a field.
[ST3160812AS]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
Use [+] or [-] to
configure system Date.
Storage Configuration
System Information
←→
↑↓
+Tab
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Field
Select Field
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
Sub-menu items
4.2.2
Navigation keys
Menu bar
The menu bar on top of the screen has the following main items:
Main
For changing the basic system configuration
Advanced
For changing the advanced system settings
Server
For changing the advanced server settings
Power
For changing the advanced power management (APM)
configuration
Boot
Tools
For changing the system boot configuration
For configuring options for special functions
Exit
For selecting the exit options and loading default settings
To select an item on the menu bar, press the right or left arrow key on the keyboard
until the desired item is highlighted.
4.2.3
Navigation keys
At the bottom right corner of a menu screen are the navigation keys for that
particular menu. Use the navigation keys to select items in the menu and change
the settings.
The navigation keys differ from one screen to another.
4-8
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.2.4
Menu items
The highlighted item on the
menu bar displays the specific
items for that menu. For
example, selecting Main shows
the Main menu items.
System Time
System Date
SATA1
SATA2
SATA3
SATA4
SATA5
SATA6
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Use [ENTER], [TAB]
or [SHIFT-TAB] to
select a field.
Use [+] or [-] to
configure system
Date.
Storage Configuration
System Information
The other items (Advanced,
Power, Boot, and Exit) on the
menu bar have their respective
menu items.
4.2.5
[11:17:09]
[Tue 07/28/2009]
[Not
[Not
[Not
[Not
[Not
[Not
Main menu items
Sub-menu items
A solid triangle before each item on any menu screen means that the item has a
sub-menu. To display the sub-menu, select the item and press <Enter>.
4.2.6
Configuration fields
These fields show the values for the menu items. If an item is user-configurable,
you can change the value of the field opposite the item. You cannot select an item
that is not user-configurable.
A configurable field is enclosed in brackets, and is highlighted when selected. To
change the value of a field, select it then press <Enter> to display a list of options.
Refer to 4.2.7 Pop-up window.
4.2.7
Pop-up window
Select a menu item then press <Enter> to display a pop-up window with the
configuration options for that item.
4.2.8
Scroll bar
A scroll bar appears on the right side of a
menu screen when there are items that do
not fit on the screen. Press the Up/Down
arrow keys or <Page Up> /<Page Down>
keys to display the other items on the
screen.
4.2.9
Pop-up window
Scroll bar
General help
At the top right corner of the menu screen is a brief description of the selected
item.
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-9
4.3
Main menu
When you enter the BIOS Setup program, the Main menu screen appears, giving
you an overview of the basic system information.
Refer to section 4.2.1 BIOS menu screen for information on the menu screen
items and how to navigate through them.
Main
Advanced
Server
System Time
System Date
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
1
2
3
4
5
6
:
:
:
:
:
:
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
Exit
[13:44:30]
[Tue, 07/28/2009]
Use [ENTER], [TAB]
or [SHIFT-TAB] to
select a field.
[ST3160812AS]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
[Not Detected]
Use [+] or [-] to
configure system Date.
Storage Configuration
System Information
←→
↑↓
+Tab
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Field
Select Field
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
4.3.1
System Time [xx:xx:xx]
Allows you to set the system time.
4.3.2
System Date [Day xx/xx/xxxx]
Allows you to set the system date.
4-10
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.3.3
SATA1—6
While entering Setup, the BIOS automatically detects the presence of IDE/SATA
devices. There is a separate submenu for each IDE/SATA device. Select a device
item then press <Enter> to display the SATA device information.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
SATA1
Device
:Hard Disk
Vendor
:xxxxxxxxx
Size
:xx.xGB
LBA Mode :Supported
Block Mode:16Sectors
PIO Mode :4
Async DMA :MultiWord DMA-2
Ultra DMA :Ultra DMA-6
S.M.A.R.T.:Supported
Type [Auto]
LBA/Large Mode [Auto]
Block(Multi-Sector Transfer)M
[Auto]
PIO Mode [Auto]
DMA Mode [Auto]
SMART Monitoring [Auto]
32Bit Data Transfer [Enabled]
Select the type
of device connected
to the system.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
The BIOS automatically detects the values opposite the dimmed items (Device,
Vendor, Size, LBA Mode, Block Mode, PIO Mode, Async DMA, Ultra DMA, and
S.M.A.R.T. monitoring). These values are not user-configurable. These items show
N/A if no IDE device is installed in the system.
Type [Auto]
Allows you to select the type of device connected to the system.
Configuration options: [Not Installed] [Auto] [CDROM] [ARMD]
LBA/Large Mode [Auto]
Enables or disables the LBA mode. Setting to [Auto] enables the LBA mode if the
device supports this mode, and if the device was not previously formatted with LBA
mode disabled. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Auto]
Block (Multi-Sector Transfer) M [Auto]
Enables or disables data multi-sectors transfers. When set to [Auto], the data
transfer from and to the device occurs multiple sectors at a time if the device
supports multi-sector transfer feature. When set to [Disabled], the data transfer
from and to the device occurs one sector at a time.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Auto]
PIO Mode [Auto]
Allows you to select the data transfer mode.
Configuration options: [Auto] [0] [1] [2] [3] [4]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-11
DMA Mode [Auto]
Sets the DMA mode.
Configuration options: [Auto] [SWDMA0] [SWDMA1] [SWDMA2] [MWDMA0]
[MWDMA1] [MWDMA2] [UDMA0] [UDMA1] [UDMA2] [UDMA3] [UDMA4] [UDMA5]
SMART Monitoring [Auto]
Sets the Smart Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology.
Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled] [Enabled]
32Bit Data Transfer [Enabled]
Enables or disables 32-bit data transfer.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4-12
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.3.4
Storage Configuration
The items in this menu allow you to set or change the configurations for the IDE
devices installed in the system. Select an item then press <Enter> if you wish to
configure the item.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
Storage Configuration
Options
SATA Configuration
Configure SATA as
[Enhanced]
[IDE]
Hard Disk Write Protect
IDE Detect Time Out (Sec)
[Disabled]
[35]
Disabled
Compatible
Enhanced
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
SATA Configuration [Enhanced]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Compatible] [Enhanced]
Configure SATA as [IDE]
Sets the configuration for the Serial ATA connectors supported by the
Southbridge chip. Configuration options: [IDE] [RAID] [AHCI]
•
If you want to use the Serial ATA hard disk drives as Parallel ATA physical
storage devices, keep the default setting [IDE].
•
If you want the Serial ATA hard disk drives to use the Advanced Host
Controller Interface (AHCI), set this item to [AHCI]. The AHCI allows
the onboard storage driver to enable advanced Serial ATA features that
increases storage performance on random workloads by allowing the drive
to internally optimize the order of commands.
•
If you want to create RAID sets with LSI MegaRAID utility, or Intel® Matrix
Storage Technology from the Serial ATA hard disk drives, set this item to
[RAID].
Hard Disk Write Protect [Disabled]
Disables or enables device write protection. This will be effective only if the device
is accessed through BIOS.
Configuration option: [Disabled] [Enabled]
IDE Detect Time Out (Sec) [35]
Selects the time out value for detecting ATA/ATAPI devices.
Configuration options: [0] [5] [10] [15] [20] [25] [30] [35]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-13
4.3.5
AHCI Configuration
This menu is the section for AHCI configuration. It appears only when you set the
item Configure SATA as from the sub-menu of SATA Configuration to [AHCI].
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
AHCI Settings
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
Port1
Port2
Port3
Port4
Port5
Port6
[Not
[Not
[Not
[Not
[Not
[Not
Some SATA CD/DVD in
AHCI mode need to
wait ready longer.
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
Detected]
SATA Port1–6 [XXXX]
Displays the status of auto-detection of SATA devices.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
SATA Port1
Device
Select the type
of device connected
to the system.
:Not Detected
SATA Port0
SMART Monitoring
[Auto]
[Enabled]
SATA Port0 [Auto]
Allows you to select the type of device connected to the system.
Configuration options: [Auto] [Not Installed]
SMART Monitoring [Enabled]
Allows you to set the Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4-14
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.3.6
System Information
This menu gives you an overview of the general system specifications. The BIOS
automatically detects the items in this menu.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
BIOS Information
BIOS Version
:0204
BIOS Build Date :07/27/09
Processor
Type
Speed
:Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU
2.53GHz
X3440 @
:2533MHz
System Memory
Usable Size
: 1016MB
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
System Memory Information
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
BIOS Information
Displays the auto-detected BIOS information.
Processor
Displays the auto-detected CPU specification.
System Memory
Displays the auto-detected system memory.
System Memory Information
Displays system memory information.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
System Memory Information
Speed
DIMM_A1
DIMM_A2
DIMM_B1
DIMM_B2
DDR3 1067
1024 MB, 1R, 1067
N/A
N/A
N/A
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-15
4.4
Advanced menu
The Advanced menu items allow you to change the settings for the CPU and other
system devices.
Take caution when changing the settings of the Advanced menu items. Incorrect
field values can cause the system to malfunction.
Main
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
Server
Exit
Configure CPU.
CPU Configuration
Chipset
Onboard Device Configuration
USB Configuration
PCIPnP
ACPI Configuration
Event Log Configuration
Intel VT-d
SR-IOV Supported
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
4.4.1
CPU Configuration
The items in this menu show the CPU-related information that the BIOS
automatically detects. Some items may not appear if your CPU does not support
the related functions.
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Configure advanced CPU settings
Module Version:01.04
Manufacturer:Intel
Brand String:Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU
Frequency
:2.53GHz
BCLK Speed :133MHz
Cache L1
:128 KB
Cache L2
:1024 KB
Cache L3
:8192 KB
Ratio Status:Unlocked (Min:09, Max:19)
Ratio Actual Value :19
CPUID
:106E5
CPU Ratio Setting:
C1E Support
Hardware Prefetcher
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch
Max CPUID Value Limit
Intel(R) Virtualization Tech
[Auto]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
X3440
Sets the ratio between
CPU Core Clock and the
FSB Frequency.
Note:If an invalid
ratio is set in CMOS
then actual and
setpoint values may
differ.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
4-16
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
Scroll down for more items.
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
CPU TM Function
Execute-Disable Bit Capability
Intel(R) HT Technology
Active Processor Cores
A20M
Intel(R) SpeedStep(TM) Tech
Intel(R) TurboMode tech
Intel(R) C-STATE Tech
C3 State
C6 State
C State package limit setting
C1 Auto Demotion
C3 Auto Demotion
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[All]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[ACPI C2]
[Enabled]
[Auto]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Sets the ratio between
CPU Core Clock and the
FSB Frequency.
Note:If an invalid
ratio is set in CMOS
then actual and
setpoint values may
differ.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
CPU Ratio Setting [Auto]
Allows you to adjust the ratio between CPU Core Clock and BCLK Frequency. Use
the <+> and <-> keys to adjust the value.
Configuration options: [Auto] [0.90] [10.0] [11.0] [12.0] [13.0] [14.0] [15.0] [16.0] [17.0]
[18.0] [19.0] [20.0]
C1E Support [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable Enhanced Halt State support.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Hardware Prefetcher [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Hardware Prefetcher function.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch function.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Max CPUID Value Limit [Disabled]
Setting this item to [Enabled] allows legacy operating systems to boot even without
support for CPUs with extended CPUID functions.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Intel(R) Virtualization Tech [Enabled]
The Intel® Virtualization Technology allows a hardware platform to run multiple
operating systems separately and simultaneously, enabling one system to virtually
function as several systems. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-17
CPU TM Function [Enabled]
This function enables the overheated CPU to throttle the clock speed to cool down.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Execute-Disable Bit Capability [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the No-Execution Page Protection Technology.
Setting this item to [Disabled] forces the XD feature flag to always return to zero (0).
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Intel(R) HT Technology [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Intel Hyper-Threading Technology function.
When disabled, only one thread per activated core is enabled.
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
Active Processor Cores [All]
Allows you to choose the number of CPU cores to activate in each processor
package.Configuration options: [All] [1] [2]
A20M [Disabled]
Legacy OSes and APs may need A20M enabled.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Intel(R) SpeedStep (TM) Tech [Enabled]
When set to [Disabled], the CPU runs at its default speed. When set to [Enabled],
the CPU speed is controlled by the operating system.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Intel(R) TurboMode Tech [Enabled]
Turbo mode allows processor cores to run faster than marked frequency in specific
condition.Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Intel(R) C-STATE Tech [Enabled]
The Intel® C-State Technology allows the CPU to save more power under idle
mode. Enable this item only when you install a C-State Technology-supported
CPU. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
The following items appear only when you set the Intel(R) C-STATE Tech
item to [Enabled].
C3 State [ACPI C2]
Allows you to select C state action.
Configuratiton options: [Disabled] [ACPI C2] [ACPI C3]
4-18
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
C6 State [Enabled]
Allows you to select C state action.
Configuratiton options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
C State package limit setting [Auto]
We recommend that you set this item to [Auto] for BIOS to automatically detect the
C-State mode supported by your CPU.
Configuration options: [Auto] [C1] [C3] [C6]
C1 Auto Demotion [Enabled]
When this item is enabled, the CPU will conditionally demote C3/C6/C7 requests to
C1 based on the uncore auto-demote information.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
C3 Auto Demotion [Enabled]
When this item is enabled, the CPU will conditionally demote C6/C7 requests to C3
based on the uncore auto-demote information.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-19
4.4.2
Chipset
The Chipset configuration menu allows you to change advanced chipset settings.
Select an item then press <Enter> to display the sub-menu.
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced Chipset Settings
Configure CPU Bridge
features.
WARNING: Setting wrong values in below sections
may cause system to malfunction.
North Bridge Configuration
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
North Bridge Configuration
The North Bridge is built in the CPU.
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
CPU Bridge
North
Bridge
Chipset
Chipset
Configuration
Configuration
IMC :
CPU
REVISION
ClarksField
:B0
Current CSI Frequency :6.400GT
CurrentRemap
Memory
Memory
Feature
Frequency :1066
[Enabled]
Mhz
PCI MMIO Allocation: 4GB To 3072MB
CSI Links
DRAM
Frequency
Speed
[Full-Speed]
[Auto]
CSI Frequency
Configure
DRAM Timing by SPD
[Enabled]
[Auto]
DRAM Margin Ranks
[Disabled]
Memory
MRC
Serial
Frequency
Debug Message Level [Disabled]
[Auto]
Memory Mode
[Independent]
Demand ECC
Memory
Scrubbing
Function
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Patrol Rate
Double
Scrubbing
Refresh
[Auto]
[Disabled]
Throttling
Page
Policy
- Closed Loop
[Disabled]
[Closed]
Throttling
Adaptive
Page
- Open Loop
[Disabled]
Data Scramble
[Enabled]
Memory Thermal Throttling
[Disabled]
ENABLE:
To
transition
Allow the CSI
remapping
links to of
full-speed
overlapped
or leave them
PCI memory
in
above
slow-mode.
the total
physical memory.
DISABLE: Do not allow
remapping of memory.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009,
1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
Memory Remap Feature [Enabled]
Setting this item to [Enabled] allows you to remapp the overlapped PCI memory
above the total physical memory. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
DRAM Frequency [Auto]
You may allow the system to detect DDR3 memory frequency via SPD or designate
a specific frequency.
Configuration options: [Auto] [800 MHz] [1066 MHz] [1333 MHz]
Refer to the memory AVL on ASUS website at www.asus.com.
4-20
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
Configure DRAM Timing by SPD [Enabled]
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
The ofllowing 10 items appear when you set Configure DRAM Timing by SPD to
[Disabled].
DRAM tCL [7]
Configuration options: [3]—[15]
DRAM tRAS [20]
Configuration options: [9]—[63]
DRAM tRP [7]
Configuration options: [3]—[15]
DRAM tRCD [7]
Configuration options: [3]—[15]
DRAM tWR [8]
Configuration options: [3]—[31]
DRAM tRFC [59]
Configuration options: [15]—[255]
DRAM tWTR [4]
Configuration options: [4]—[31]
DRAM tRRD [4]
Configuration options: [4]—[15]
DRAM tRTP [4]
Configuration options: [4]—[15]
DRAM tFAW [20]
Configuration options: [15]—[63]
DRAM Margin Ranks [Disabled]
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
MRC Serial Debug Message Level [Disabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Minimum] [Maximum] [Test]
Memory ECC Function [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable Memory ECC fucntion.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-21
Double Rate Refresh [Auto]
Allows you to enable or disable Double Rate Refresh.
Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled]
Page Poilcy [Closed]
Configuration options: [Closed] [Open]
Adaptive Page [Disabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Data Scramble [Enabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Memory Thermal Throttling [Disabled]
Setting this item to [CLTT] to Closed Loop Thermal Throttling and [OLTT] to Open
Loop Thermal Throttling. Configuration options: [CLTT] [OLTT] [Disabled] [Auto]
4.4.3
Onboard Devices Configuration
The Onboard Devices Configuration menu items allow you to change the advanced
settings for onboard devices.
Take caution when changing the settings of the Onboard Devices Configuration
menu items. Incorrect field values can cause the system to malfunction.
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Onboard Devices Configuration
HDA Controller
OnBoard LAN1 Boot ROM
OnBoard LAN2 Boot ROM
Serial Port1 Address
Serial Port2 Address
Parallel Port Address
Parallel Port Mode
Interrupt 19 Capture
Marvell SATA controller
Marvell SATA BOOTROM
Options
[Enabled]
[PXE]
[PXE]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[2F8/IRQ3]
[378]
[Normal]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Enabled
Disabled
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
HDA Controller [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the High Definition Audio controller.
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
4-22
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
Onboard LAN1/2 Boot ROM [PXE]
Allows you to configure the onboard LAN1/2 boot mode.
Configuration: [Disabled] [PXE]
Serial Port1 Address [3F8/IRQ4]
Allows you to select the Serial Port1 base address.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [3F8/IRQ4] [3E8/IRQ4] [2E8/IRQ3]
Serial Port2 Address [2F8/IRQ3]
Allows you to select the Serial Port2 base address.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [2F8/IRQ3] [3E8/IRQ4] [2E8/IRQ3]
Parallel Port Address [378]
Allows you to select the Parallel Port base address.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [378] [278] [3BC]
Parallel Port Mode [Normal]
Allows you to select the Parallel Port mode.
Configuration options: [Normal] [Bi-Directional] [ECP] [EPP] [ECP & EPP]
Interrupt 19 Capture [Enabled]
When set to [Enabled], this function allows the option ROMs to trap Interrupt 19.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Marvell SATA controller [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable Marvell SATA controller.
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
Marvell SATA BOOTROM [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable Marvell SATA BootROM.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-23
4.4.4
USB Configuration
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
USB Configuration
Options
Module Version - 2.24.3-13.4
Disabled
Enabled
USB Devices Enabled:
2 Hubs
USB Functions
Legacy USB Support BIOS EHCI Hand-off
[Enabled]
[Auto]
[Enabled]
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
USB Functions [Enabled]
Allows you to enabled or disable the USB function.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Legacy USB Support [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable support for legacy USB devices. Setting to [Auto]
allows the system to detect the presence of USB devices at startup. If detected, the
USB controller legacy mode is enabled. If no USB device is detected, the legacy
USB support is disabled. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] [Auto]
BIOS EHCI Hand-Off [Enabled]
Enables or disables the BIOS EHCI hand-off support.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4-24
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.4.5
PCIPnP
The PCIPnP menu items allow you to change the advanced settings for PCI/PnP
devices.
Take caution when changing the settings of the PCI/PnP Configuration menu
items. Incorrect field values can cause the system to malfunction.
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced PCI/PnP Settings
WARNING: Setting wrong values in below sections
may cause system to malfunction.
Plug And Play O/S
[No]
PCI Option ROM Scan Order [Bus 0 First]
Onboard Option ROM Priority [Normal]
NO: lets the BIOS
configure all the
devices in the system.
YES: lets the
operating system
configure Plug and
Play (PnP) devices not
required for boot if
your system has a Plug
and Play operating
system.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
Plug And Play O/S [No]
When set to [No], BIOS configures all the devices in the system. When set to
[Yes] and if you install a Plug and Play operating system, the operating system
configures the Plug and Play devices not required for boot.
Configuration options: [No] [Yes]
PCI Option ROM Scan Order [Bus 0 First]
Allows you to select the PCI option ROM scanning order. The scanning of the
option ROM will start from the lowest bus, device, fucntion number if you set this
item to [Bus 0 First]; the scanning starts from the highest bus, device, function
number if you set this item to [Bus N First].
Configuration options: [Bus 0 First] [Bus N First]
Onboard Option ROM Priority [Normal]
Allows you to select the onboard option ROM priority.
Configuration options: [Normal] [High]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-25
4.4.6
ACPI Configuration
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
ACPI Settings
Advanced ACPI
Configuration
settings.
Advanced ACPI Configuration
Chipset ACPI Configuration
General WHEA Configuration
Use this section to
configure additional
ACPI options.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
Advanced ACPI Configuration
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced ACPI Configuration
ACPI 2.0 Support
ACPI APIC support
Headless mode
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Add additional tables
as per ACPI 2.0
specifications.
ACPI 2.0 Support [Enabled]
Specifies the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) version
supported. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ACPI APIC Support [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
(ACPI) support in the Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller (APIC). When
set to [Enabled], the ACPI APIC table pointer is included in the RSDT pointer list.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Headless mode [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Headless operation mode through ACPI.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4-26
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
Chipset ACPI Configuration
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
South Bridge ACPI Configuration
Energy Lake Feature
APIC ACPI SCI IRQ
High Performance Event Timer
HPET Memory Address
Options
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[FED00000h]
Enabled
Disabled
Energy Lake Feature [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Energy Lake feature.
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Disabled]
We do not recommend you enable this feature.
APIC ACPI SCI IRQ [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the APIC ACPI SCI IRQ feature.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
High Performance Event Timer [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the High Performance Event Timer feature.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
HPET Memory Address [FED00000h]
Configuration options: [FED00000h] [FED01000h] [FED02000h] [FED03000h]
General WHEA Configuration
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
General WHEA Configuration
WHEA Support
[Enabled]
Enable or disable
Windows Hardware
Error Architecture.
WHEA Support [Enabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Windows Hardware Error Architecture (WHEA)
support.Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-27
4.4.7
Event Log Configuration
Main Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Event Logging details
View all unread events
on the Event Log.
View Event Log
Mark all event as read
Clear Event Log
View Event Log
Press <Enter> to read all the unread event log.
Mark all events as read
Press <Enter> to mark all the events as read.
Clear Event Log
Press <Enter> to clear all events on the event log.
4.4.8
Intel VT-d Configuration [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the Intel Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4.4.9
SR-IOV Supprted [Disabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4-28
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.5
Main
Server menu
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
Server
Exit
Configure Remote
Access.
Remote Access Configuration
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
4.5.1
Remote Access Configuration
The items in this menu allows you to configure the Remote Access features. Select
an item then press <Enter> to display the configuration options.
Server
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Configure Remote Access type and parameters
Remote Access
[Enabled]
Serial port number
Base Address, IRQ
Serial Port Mode
Flow Control
Redirection After BIOS POST
Terminal Type
[COM2]
[2F8h, 3]
[57600 8,n,1]
[Hardware]
[Disabled]
[VT-UTF8]
Select Remote Access
type.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
Remote Access [Enabled]
Enables or disables the remote access feature.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
The following items appear only when Remote Access is set to [Enabled].
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-29
Serial port number [COM2]
Selects the serial port for console redirection.
Configuration options: [COM1] [COM2]
Base Address. IRQ [2F8h, 3]
This item is not user-configurable and changes with the configuration of Serial
port number.
Serial Port Mode [57600 8,n,1]
Sets the Serial port mode.
Configuration options: [115200 8,n,1] [57600 8,n,1] [38400 8,n,1] [19200 8,n,1]
[09600 8,n,1]
Flow Control [Hardware]
Allows you to select the flow control for console redirection.
Configuration options: [None] [Hardware] [Software]
Redirection After BIOS POST [Disabled]
Sets the redirection mode after the BIOS Power-On Self-Test (POST). Some
operating system may not work when set to [Always].
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Boot Loader] [Always]
Terminal Type [VT-UTF8]
Allows you to select the target terminal type.
Configuration options: [ANSI] [VT100] [VT-UTF8]
4-30
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.6
Main
Power menu
Advanced
Server
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
Exit
Include ACPI APIC
table pointer to
RSDT pointer list.
APM Configuration
Hardware Monitor
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
4.6.1
APM Configuration
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
APM Configuration
Restore on AC Power Loss
Power On By RTC Alarm
Power On By External Modems
Power On By PCI Devices
Power On By PCIE Devices
[Last State]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
<Enter> to select
whether or not to
restart the system
after AC power loss.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
Restore on AC Power Loss [Last State]
When set to [Power Off], the system goes into off state after an AC power loss.
When set to [Power On], the system will reboot after an AC power loss. When set
to [Last State], the system goes into either off or on state, whatever the system
state was before the AC power loss.
Configuration options: [Power Off] [Power On] [Last State]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-31
Power On By RTC Alarm [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable RTC to generate a wake-up event.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
The following items appear only when the Resume On RTC Alarm item is set
to [Enabled].
RTC Alarm Date [15]
To set the alarm date, highlight this item and press the <+> or <-> key to make the
selection.
System Time [12:30:30]
Use the <ENTER>, <TAB> or <SHIFT-TAB> key to select a field. Use the <+> or <->
key to configure alarm time.
Power On By External Modems [Disabled]
[Disabled]Disables to power up the computer when the external modem
receives a call while the computer is in Soft-off mode.
[Enabled]The computer could be powered up when the external modem
receives a call while the computer is in Soft-off mode.
The computer cannot receive or transmit data until the computer and
applications are fully running. Thus, connection cannot be made on the first
try. Turning an external modem off and then back on while the computer is off
causes an initialization string that turns the system power on.
Power On By PCI Devices [Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
Disables the PME to wake up from S5 by PCI devices.
Allows you to turn on the system through a PCI LAN or modem
card. This feature requires an ATX power supply that provides at
least 1A on the +5VSB lead.
Power On By PCIE Devices [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the PCIE devices to generate a wake event.
[Disabled]Disables the PCIE devices to generate a wake event.
[Enabled]Enables the PCIE devices to generate a wake event.
4-32
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.6.3
Hardware Monitor
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Hardware Monitor
CPU Temperature(PECI)
MB Temperature
TR1 Temperature
CPU Fan1 Speed
Front Fan1 Speed
Front Fan2 Speed
Front Fan3 Speed
Rear Fan1 Speed
Fan Speed Control
VCORE1
Voltage
3.3V
Voltage
5V
Voltage
12V
Voltage
VBAT
Voltage
3.3VSB
Voltage
1.5V ICH Voltage
[ 35ºC/ 94ºF]
[ 30ºC/ 86ºF]
[ N/A
]
[ 5357RPM]
[ N/A
]
[ N/A
]
[ N/A
]
[ N/A
]
[Generic Mode]
[ 1.052 V]
[ 3.246 V]
[ 5.196 V]
[12.000 V]
[ 3.126 V]
[ 3.198 V]
[ 1.504 V]
CPU1 Temperature
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
CPU/MB/TR1 Temperature [xxxºC/xxxºF]
The onboard hardware monitor automatically detects and displays the motherboard
component and CPU temperatures. Select [Ignored] if you do not wish to display
the detected temperatures.
CPU Fan1; Front Fan1–3 Speed [xxxxRPM] or [Ignored] / [N/A]
Rear Fan1 Speed [xxxxRPM] or [Ignored] / [N/A]
The onboard hardware monitor automatically detects and displays the speed of
CPU fans, front fans, and rear fans in rotations per minute (RPM). If the fan is not
connected to the motherboard, the field shows [N/A].
Fan Speed Control [Generic Mode]
Allows you to configure the ASUS Smart Fan feature that smartly adjusts the fan
speeds for more efficient system operation.
Configuration options: [Full Speed Mode] [High Density Mode] [Generic Mode]
[Whisper Mode]
VCORE1 Voltage, 3.3V Voltage, 5V Voltage, 12V Voltage,
VBAT Voltage, 3.3VSB Voltage, 1.5V ICHVoltage
The onboard hardware monitor automatically detects the voltage output through
the onboard voltage regulators. Select [Ignored] if you do not want to detect this
item.
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-33
4.7
Boot menu
The Boot menu items allow you to change the system boot options. Select an item
then press <Enter> to display the sub-menu.
Main
Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
Server
Exit
Specifies the Boot
Device Priority
sequence.
Boot Settings
Boot Device Priority
A virtual floppy disk
drive (Floppy Drive B:
) may appear when you
set the CD-ROM drive
as the first boot
device.
Boot Settings Configuration
Security
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
4.7.1
Boot Device Priority
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
Boot Device Priority
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Boot
Boot
Boot
Boot
Boot
Device
Device
Device
Device
Device
[1st FLOPPY DRIVE]
[ATAPI CD-ROM]
[Hard Drive]
[Network:IBA GE Slo]
[Network:IBA GE Slo]
Specifies the Boot
Device Priority
sequence.
A device enclosed
in parenthesis has
been disabled in the
corresponding type
menu.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
1st—xxth Boot Device [XXXXXXX]
These items specify the boot device priority sequence from the available devices.
The number of device items that appears on the screen depends on the number of
devices installed in the system. Configuration options: [xxxxx Drive] [Disabled]
4-34
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.7.2
Boot Settings Configuration
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
Boot Settings Configuration
Quick Boot Full Screen Logo
AddOn ROM Display Mode
Bootup Num-Lock
Wait For ‘F1‘ If Error
Hit ‘DEL‘ Message Display
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Force BIOS]
[On]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Allows BIOS to skip
certain tests while
booting. This will
decrease the time
needed to boot the
system.
←→
↑↓
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
Quick Boot [Enabled]
Enabling this item allows the BIOS to skip some power on self tests (POST) while
booting to decrease the time needed to boot the system. When set to [Disabled],
BIOS performs all the POST items. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Full Screen Logo [Disabled]
Allows you to enable or disable the full screen logo display feature.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Set this item to [Enabled] to use the ASUS MyLogo2™ feature.
AddOn ROM Display Mode [Force BIOS]
Allows you to set the display mode for Options ROM.
Configuration options: [Force BIOS] [Keep Current]
Bootup Num-Lock [On]
Allows you to select the power-on state for the NumLock.
Configuration options: [Off] [On]
Wait For ‘F1‘ If Error [Enabled]
When set to [Enabled], the system waits for the <F1> key to be pressed when error
occurs. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Hit ‘DEL‘ Message Display [Enabled]
When set to [Enabled], the system displays the message “Press DEL to run Setup”
during POST. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-35
4.7.3
Security
The Security menu items allow you to change the system security settings. Select
an item then press <Enter> to display the configuration options.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
Security Settings
Supervisor Password : Not Installed
User Password
: Not Installed
<Enter> to change
password.
<Enter> again to
disable password.
Change Supervisor Password
Change User Password
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2009, American Megatrends, Inc.
Change Supervisor Password
Select this item to set or change the supervisor password. The Supervisor
Password item on top of the screen shows the default Not Installed. After you set
a password, this item shows Installed.
To set a Supervisor Password:
1.
Select the Change Supervisor Password item and press <Enter>.
2.
From the password box, type a password composed of at least six letters
and/or numbers, then press <Enter>.
3.
Confirm the password when prompted.
The message “Password Installed” appears after you successfully set your
password.
To change the supervisor password, follow the same steps as in setting a user
password.
To clear the supervisor password, select the Change Supervisor Password then
press <Enter>. The message “Password Uninstalled” appears.
If you forget your BIOS password, you can clear it by erasing the CMOS Real
Time Clock (RTC) RAM. See section 4.2 Jumper for information on how to
erase the RTC RAM.
4-36
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
After you have set a supervisor password, the other items appear to allow you to
change other security settings.
Main
Advanced
Server
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
Supervisor Password : Installed
User Password
: Not Installed
Change Supervisor Password
User Access Level
Change User Password
Password Check
[Full Access]
Exit
<Enter> to change
password.
<Enter> again to
disable password.
[Setup]
User Access Level [Full Access]
This item allows you to select the access restriction to the Setup items.
Configuration options: [No Access] [View Only] [Limited] [Full Access]
No Access prevents user access to the Setup utility.
View Only allows access but does not allow change to any field.
Limited allows changes only to selected fields, such as Date and Time.
Full Access allows viewing and changing all the fields in the Setup utility.
Change User Password
Select this item to set or change the user password. The User Password item on
top of the screen shows the default Not Installed. After you set a password, this
item shows Installed.
To set a User Password:
1.
Select the Change User Password item and press <Enter>.
2.
On the password box that appears, type a password composed of at least six
letters and/or numbers, then press <Enter>.
3.
Confirm the password when prompted.
The message “Password Installed” appears after you set your password
successfully.
To change the user password, follow the same steps as in setting a user password.
Password Check [Setup]
When set to [Setup], BIOS checks for user password when accessing the Setup
utility. When set to [Always], BIOS checks for user password both when accessing
Setup and booting the system. Configuration options: [Setup] [Always]
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-37
4.8
Tools menu
The Tools menu items allow you to configure options for special functions. Select
an item then press <Enter> to display the submenu.
Main
Advanced
Server
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Tools
ASUS EZ Flash 2
Exit
Press ENTER to run
the utility to select
and update BIOS.
This uitlity supports
1. FAT 12/16/32 (r/w)
2. NTFS (read only)
3. CD-DISC (read only)
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
4.8.1
ASUS EZ Flash 2
Allows you to run ASUS EZ Flash 2. When you press <Enter>, a confirmation
message appears. Use the left/right arrow key to select between [Yes] or [No],
then press <Enter> to confirm your choice. Check section 4.1.1 ASUS EZ Flash 2
utility for details.
4-38
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
4.9
Exit menu
The Exit menu items allow you to load the optimal or failsafe default values for the
BIOS items, and save or discard your changes to the BIOS items.
Main
Advanced
Server
Exit Options
Exit & Save Changes
Exit & Discard Changes
Discard Changes
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Power
Boot
Exit
Exit system setup
after saving the
changes.
F10 key can be used
for this operation.
Load Setup Defaults
←→
↑↓
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
v02.61 (C)Copyright 1985-2008, American Megatrends, Inc.
Pressing <Esc> does not immediately exit this menu. Select one of the options
from this menu or <F10> from the legend bar to exit.
Exit & Save Changes
Once you are finished making your selections, choose this option from the Exit
menu to ensure the values you selected are saved to the CMOS RAM. An onboard
backup battery sustains the CMOS RAM so it stays on even when the PC is turned
off. When you select this option, a confirmation window appears. Select YES to
save changes and exit.
If you attempt to exit the Setup program without saving your changes, the
program prompts you with a message asking if you want to save your changes
before exiting. Press <Enter> to save the changes while exiting.
Exit & Discard Changes
Select this option only if you do not want to save the changes that you made to the
Setup program. If you made changes to fields other than System Date, System
Time, and Password, the BIOS asks for a confirmation before exiting.
Discard Changes
This option allows you to discard the selections you made and restore the
previously saved values. After selecting this option, a confirmation appears. Select
YES to discard any changes and load the previously saved values.
Load Setup Defaults
This option allows you to load the default values for each of the parameters on the
Setup menus. When you select this option or if you press <F5>, a confirmation
window appears. Select YES to load default values. Select Exit & Save Changes
or make other changes before saving the values to the non-volatile RAM.
ASUS P7F-X Series
4-39
4-40
Chapter 4: BIOS setup
This chapter provides instructions for
setting up, creating, and configuring RAID
sets using the available utilities.
5
RAID
configuration
5
Chapter summary
5.1
5.2
5.3
Setting up RAID............................................................................. 5-1
Intel® Matrix Storage Manager Option ROM Utility.................... 5-5
Marvell® 88SE6145 RAID BIOS Configuration Utility
(P7F-X/SATA model only) ........................................................... 5-15
ASUS P7F-X
5.1
Setting up RAID
The motherboard comes with the Intel® 3420 southbridge controller that supports
the following SATA RAID solutions:
•
Intel Matrix Storage Manager with RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10, and RAID 5
support (for Windows OS only).
5.1.1
RAID definitions
RAID 0 (Data striping) optimizes two identical hard disk drives to read and write
data in parallel, interleaved stacks. Two hard disks perform the same work as a
single drive but at a sustained data transfer rate, double that of a single disk alone,
thus improving data access and storage. Use of two new identical hard disk drives
is required for this setup.
RAID 1 (Data mirroring) copies and maintains an identical image of data from one
drive to a second drive. If one drive fails, the disk array management software
directs all applications to the surviving drive as it contains a complete copy of
the data in the other drive. This RAID configuration provides data protection and
increases fault tolerance to the entire system. Use two new drives or use an
existing drive and a new drive for this setup. The new drive must be of the same
size or larger than the existing drive.
RAID 10 is data striping and data mirroring combined without parity (redundancy
data) having to be calculated and written. With the RAID 10 configuration you get
all the benefits of both RAID 0 and RAID 1 configurations. Use four new hard disk
drives or use an existing drive and three new drives for this setup.
RAID 5 stripes both data and parity information across three or more hard disk
drives. Among the advantages of RAID 5 configuration include better HDD
performance, fault tolerance, and higher storage capacity. The RAID 5 configuration
is best suited for transaction processing, relational database applications,
enterprise resource planning, and other business systems. Use a minimum of three
identical hard disk drives for this setup.
If you want to boot the system from a hard disk drive included in a created RAID
set, copy first the RAID driver from the support CD to a floppy disk before you
install an operating system to the selected hard disk drive.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-3
5.1.2
Installing hard disk drives
The motherboard supports Serial ATA for RAID set configuration. For optimal
performance, install identical drives of the same model and capacity when creating
a disk array.
To install the SATA hard disks for RAID configuration:
1.
Install the SATA hard disks into the drive bays following the instructions in the
system user guide.
2.
Connect a SATA signal cable to the signal connector at the back of each drive
and to the SATA connector on the motherboard.
3.
Connect a SATA power cable to the power connector on each drive.
5.1.3
Setting the RAID item in BIOS
You must set the RAID item in the BIOS Setup before you can create a RAID set
from SATA hard disk drives attached to the SATA connectors supported by
Intel® 3420 chipset. To do this:
1.
Enter the BIOS Setup during POST.
2.
Go to the Main Menu > Storage Configuration, then press <Enter>.
3.
Set Configure SATA as to [RAID]
4.
Press <F10> to save your changes and exit the BIOS Setup.
Refer to Chapter 4 for details on entering and navigating through the BIOS
Setup.
5.1.4
RAID configuration utilities
Depending on the RAID connectors that you use, you can create a RAID set using
the utilities embedded in each RAID controller. For example, the Intel® Matrix
Storage Manager if you installed Serial ATA hard disk drives on the Serial ATA
connectors supported by the Intel® 3420 chipset.
Refer to the succeeding section for details on how to use the RAID configuration
utility.
5-4
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
5.2
Intel® Matrix Storage Manager
Option ROM Utility
The Intel® Matrix Storage Manager Option ROM utility allows you to create RAID 0,
RAID 1, RAID 10 (RAID 1+0), and RAID 5 set(s) from Serial ATA hard disk drives
that are connected to the Serial ATA connectors supported by the Southbridge.
To enter the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager option ROM utility:
1.
Install all the Serial ATA hard disk drives.
2.
Turn on the system.
3.
During POST, press <Ctrl+I> to display the utility main menu.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM v8.9.0.1023 PCH-D wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-09 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
[ MAIN MENU ]
1. Create RAID Volume
2. Delete RAID Volume
5. Exit
3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID
4. Recovery Volume Options
[ DISK/VOLUME INFORMATION ]
RAID Volumes:
None defined.
Physical Disks:
Port Drive Model
0
ST3160812AS
1
ST3160812AS
2
ST3160812AS
3
ST3160812AS
[↑↓]-Select
* = Data is Encrypted
Serial #
9LS0HJA4
9LS0F4HL
3LS0JYL8
9LS0BJ5H
[ESC]-Exit
Size
149.0GB
149.0GB
149.0GB
149.0GB
Type/Status(Vol ID)
Non-RAID Disk
Non-RAID Disk
Non-RAID Disk
Non-RAID Disk
[ENTER]-Select Menu
The navigation keys at the bottom of the screen allow you to move through
the menus and select the menu options.
The RAID BIOS setup screens shown in this section are for reference only and
may not exactly match the items on your screen.
The utility supports maximum four hard disk drives for RAID configuration.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-5
5.2.1
Creating a RAID set
To create a RAID set
1.
From the utility main menu, select 1. Create RAID Volume and press
<Enter>. The following screen appears.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM v8.9.0.1023 PCH-D wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-09 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
[ CREATE VOLUME MENU ]
Name:
RAID Level:
Disks:
Strip Size:
Capacity:
Sync:
Volume0
RAID0(Stripe)
Select Disks
128KB
0.0
GB
N/A
Create Volume
[ HELP ]
Enter a unique volume name that has no special characters and is
16 characters or less.
[↑↓]Change
[TAB]-Next
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[ENTER]-Select
2.
Enter a name for the RAID set and press <Enter>.
3.
When the RAID Level item is selected, press the up/down arrow key to select
a RAID level to create, and then press <Enter>.
4.
When the Disks item is selected, press <Enter> to select the hard disk drives
you want to include in the RAID set. The SELECT DISKS screen appears.
[ SELECT DISKS ]
Port
0
1
2
3
Drive Model
ST3160812AS
ST3160812AS
ST3160812AS
ST3160812AS
Serial #
9LS0HJA4
9LS0F4HL
3LS0JYL8
9LS0BJ5H
Size
149.0GB
149.0GB
149.0GB
149.0GB
Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Select 2 to 6 disks to use in creating the volume.
[↑↓]-Prev/Next [SPACE]-SelectDisk [ENTER]-Done
5.
5-6
Use the up/down arrow key to select a drive, and then press <Space>
to select. A small triangle marks the selected drive. Press <Enter> after
completing your selection.
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
6.
Use the up/down arrow key to select the stripe size for the RAID array (for
RAID 0, 10 and 5 only), and then press <Enter>. The available stripe size
values range from 4 KB to 128 KB. The following are typical values:
RAID 0: 128KB
RAID 10: 64KB
RAID 5: 64KB
We recommend a lower stripe size for server systems, and a higher stripe size
for multimedia computer systems used mainly for audio and video editing.
7.
When the Capacity item is selected, enter the RAID volume capacity that you
want and press <Enter>. The default value indicates the maximum allowed
capacity.
8.
When the Create Volume item is selected, press <Enter>. The following
warning message appears.
WARNING: ALL DATA ON SELECTED DISKS WILL BE LOST.
Are you sure you want to create this volume? (Y/N):
9.
Press <Y> to create the RAID volume and return to the main menu, or <N> to
go back to the CREATE VOLUME menu.
5.2.2
Creating a Recovery set
To create a recovery set
1.
From the utility main menu, select 1. Create RAID Volume and press
<Enter>. The following screen appears.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM v8.9.0.1023 PCH-D wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-09 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
[ CREATE VOLUME MENU ]
Name:
RAID Level:
Disks:
Strip Size:
Capacity:
Sync:
Volume0
RAID0(Stripe)
Select Disks
128KB
0.0
GB
N/A
Create Volume
[ HELP ]
Enter a unique volume name that has no special characters and is
16 characters or less.
[↑↓]Change
ASUS P7F-X Series
[TAB]-Next
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[ENTER]-Select
5-7
2.
Enter a name for the recovery set and press <Enter>.
3.
When the RAID Level item is selected, press the up/down arrow key to select
Recovery, and then press <Enter>.
4.
When the Disks item is selected, press <Enter> to select the hard disk drives
you want to include in the recovery set. The SELECT DISKS screen appears.
[ SELECT DISKS ]
Port
0
1
2
3
Drive Model
ST3160812AS
ST3160812AS
ST3160812AS
ST3160812AS
Serial #
9LS0HJA4
9LS0F4HL
3LS0JYL8
9LS0BJ5H
Size
149.0GB
149.0GB
149.0GB
149.0GB
Status
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Non-RAID
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Select 1 Master and 1 Recovery disk to create volume.
[↑↓]-Prev/Next [TAB]-(M)aster [SPACE]-(R)ecovery [ENTER]-Done
5.
Use the up/down arrow key to select a drive, press <TAB> to select a Master
disk, and then press <SPACE> to select a Recovery disk. A small triangle
marks the selected drive. Press <Enter> after completing your selection.
6.
When the Sync item is selected, use the up/down arrow key to select a sync
option that you want and press <Enter>.
7.
When the Create Volume item is selected, press <Enter>. The following
warning message appears.
WARNING: ALL DATA ON SELECTED DISKS WILL BE LOST.
Are you sure you want to create this volume? (Y/N):
8.
Press <Y> to create the recovery set and return to the main menu, or <N> to
go back to the CREATE VOLUME menu.
If a recovery set is created, you cannot add more RAID sets even when you
have more non-RAID disks installed in your system.
5-8
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
5.2.3
Deleting a RAID set
Take caution when deleting a RAID set. You will lose all data on the hard disk
drives when you delete a RAID set.
To delete a RAID set
1.
From the utility main menu, select 2. Delete RAID Volume and press
<Enter>. The following screen appears.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM v8.9.0.1023 PCH-D wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-09 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
[ DELETE VOLUME MENU ]
Name
Volume0
Level
RAID0(Stripe)
Drives
2
Capacity
298.0GB
Status
Normal
Bootable
Yes
[ HELP ]
Deleting a volume will reset the disks to non-RAID.
WARNING: ALL DISK DATA WILL BE DELETED.
(This does not apply to Recovery volumes)
[↑↓]-Select
2.
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[DEL]-Delete Volume
Use the up/down arrow key to select the RAID set you want to delete, and
then press <Del>. The following warning message appears.
[ DELETE VOLUME VERIFICATION ]
ALL DATA IN THE VOLUME WILL BE LOST!
(This does not apply to Recovery volumes)
Are you sure you want to delete volume “Volume0”? (Y/N):
3.
Press <Y> to delete the RAID set and return to the utility main menu, or press
<N> to return to the DELETE VOLUME menu.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-9
5.2.4
Resetting disks to Non-RAID
Take caution before you reset a RAID volume hard disk drive to non-RAID.
Resetting a RAID volume hard disk drive deletes all internal RAID structure on
the drive.
To reset a RAID set hard disk drive
1.
From the utility main menu, select 3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID and press
<Enter>. The following screen appears.
[ RESET RAID DATA ]
Resetting RAID disk will remove its RAID structures
and revert it to a non-RAID disk.
WARNING: Resetting a disk causes all data on the disk to be lost.
(This does not apply to Recovery volumes)
Port Drive Model
0
ST3160812AS
1
ST3160812AS
Serial #
9LS0HJA4
9LS0F4HL
Size
149.0GB
149.0GB
Status
Member Disk
Member Disk
Select the disks that should be reset.
[↑↓]-Previous/Next
5-10
[SPACE]-Selects [ENTER]-Selection Complete
2.
Use the up/down arrow key to select the RAID set drive(s) you want to reset,
and then press <Space> to select.
3.
Press <Enter> to reset the RAID set drive(s). A confirmation message
appears.
4.
Press <Y> to reset the drive(s) or press <N> to return to the utility main
menu.
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
5.2.5
Recovery Volume Options
If you have created a recovery set, you can configure more recovery set options
following the descriptions in the section.
See section 5.3.2 Creating a Recovery set to create a recovery set before
continue.
To configure a recovery set
1.
From the utility main menu, select 4. Recovery Volume Options and press
<Enter>. The following screen appears.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM v8.9.0.1023 PCH-D wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-09 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
[ RECOVERY VOLUME OPTIONS ]
1.
2.
Enable Only Recovery Disk
Enable Only Master Disk
[ HELP ]
Enable Only Recovery Disk - enables recovery disk if available and
disables master disk.
Enable Only Master Disk - enables master disk if available and
disables recovery disk.
Actions will result in change from Continuous Update mode to On-Request.
[↑↓]-Select
2.
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[ENTER]-Select
Use the up/down arrow key to select the option you want, and then press
<ENTER>. The SELECT RECOVERY VOLUME screeen appears.
[ SELECT RECOVERY VOLUME ]
Name
Volume0
Level
Capacity
Status
Recovery(Cont.)
149.0GB
Normal
Bootable
Yes
Select a Recovery volume to do the operation.
[↑↓]-Up/Down [SPACE]-Selects [ENTER]-Done
3.
Use the up/down arrow key to select a drive, and then press <Space>
to select. A small triangle marks the selected drive. Press <Enter> after
completing your selection and return to the utility main menu.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-11
5.2.6
Exiting the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager
To exit the utility
1.
From the utility main menu, select 5. Exit, and then press <Enter>. The
following warning message appears.
[ CONFIRM EXIT ]
Are you sure you want to exit? (Y/N):
2.
Press <Y> to exit or press <N> to return to the utility main menu.
5.2.7
Rebuilding the RAID
This option is only for the RAID 1 set.
Rebuilding the RAID with other non-RAID disk
If any of the SATA hard disk drives included in the RAID 1 array failed, the system
displays the status of the RAID volume as “Degraded” during POST. You can
rebuild the RAID array with other installed non-RAID disks.
To rebuild the RAID with other non-RAID disk:
1.
At the prompt, press <Ctrl> + <I> to enter the Intel Matrix Storage Manager
option ROM utility.
2.
If there is a non-RAID SATA Hard Disk available, the utility will prompt to
rebuild the RAID. Press <Enter>, and then use up/down arrow keys to select
the destination disk or press <ESC> to exit.
[ DEGRADED VOLUME DETECTED ]
"Degraded" volume and disk available for rebuilding detected. Selecting
a disk initiates a rebuild. Rebuild completes in the operating system.
Select the port of destination disk for rebuilding (ESC to exit):
Port Drive Model
Serial #
Size
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXX
XX.XGB
[↑↓]-Previous/Next
[ENTER]-Select
[ESC]-Exit
Select a destination disk with the same size as the original hard disk.
5-12
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
3.
The utility immediately starts rebuilding after the disk is selected. The status
of the degraded RAID volume is changed to “Rebuild”.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM v8.9.0.1023 PCH-D wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-09 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
[ MAIN MENU ]
1. Create RAID Volume
2. Delete RAID Volume
3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID
4. Recovery Volume Options
5. Exit
[ DISK/VOLUME INFORMATION ]
RAID Volumes:
ID
Name
0
Volume0
Physical Disks:
Port Drive Model
1
ST3160812AS
2
ST3160812AS
Level
RAID1(Mirror)
Strip
N/A
Serial #
9LS0F4HL
3LS0JYL8
Size
149.0GB
Size
149.0GB
149.0GB
* = Data is Encrypted
Status
Bootable
Rebuild
Yes
Type/Status(Vol ID)
Member Disk(0)
Member Disk(0)
Volumes with “Rebuild” status will be rebuilt within the operating system.
[↑↓]-Select
[ESC]-Exit
[ENTER]-Select Menu
4.
Exit Intel Matrix Storage Manager and reboot the system.
5.
Select Start > Programs > Intel Matrix Storage > Intel Matrix Storage
Console or click the Intel Matrix Storage Manager tray icon to load the Intel
Matrix Stroage Manager utility.
6.
From the View menu, select Advanced Mode to display the details of the
Intel Matrix Storage Console.
7.
From the Volumes view option, select RAID volume to view the rebuilding
status. When finished, the status is changed to “Normal”.
Rebuilding the RAID with a new hard disk
If any of the SATA hard disk drives included in the RAID array failed, the system
displays the status of the RAID volume as “Degraded” during POST. You may
replace the disk drive and rebuild the RAID array.
To rebuild the RAID with a new hard disk:
1.
Remove the failed SATA hard disk and install a new SATA hard disk of the
same specification into the same SATA Port.
Select a destination disk with the same size as the original hard disk.
2.
Reboot the system and then follow the steps in section Rebuilding the RAID
with other non-RAID disk on page 6-31.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-13
5.2.8
Setting the Boot array in the BIOS Setup Utility
You can set the boot priority sequence in the BIOS for your RAID arrays when
creating multi-RAID using the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager.
To set the boot array in the BIOS:
Set at least one of the arrays bootable to boot from the hard disk.
5-14
1.
Reboot the system and press <Del> to enter the BIOS setup utility during
POST.
2.
Go to the Boot menu and select the option Boot Device Priority.
3.
Use up/down arrow keys to select the boot priority and press <Enter>. See
section 4.8.1 Boot Device Priority for details.
4.
From the Exit menu, select Exit & Save Changes, then press <Enter>.
5.
When the confirmation window appears, select OK, then press <Enter>.
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
5.3
Marvell® 88SE6145 RAID BIOS
configuration utility
(P7F-X/SATA model only)
The Marvell® 88SE6145 RAID BIOS Configuration utility allows you to create
RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10 ,and RAID 5 set(s) from Serial ATA hard disk drives that
are connected to the Serial ATA connectors supported by the Southbridge.
To enter the Marvell® RAID BIOS Configuration utility:
1.
Install all the Serial ATA hard disk drives at Red SATA Connector.
2.
Turn on the system.
3.
During POST, press <Ctrl> + <M> to enter the utility main menu.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Adapter 1
Arrays Information:
No array is defined!
Disks Information:
ID Port Disk Name
0 0
SATA: Hitachi
4 1
SATA: Hitachi
8 2
SATA: Hitachi
12 3
SATA: Hitachi
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
4.
Press <Enter> and select a desired adapter for RAID configuration.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Select Adapter
Adapter 1
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
The RAID BIOS setup screens shown in this section are for reference only and
may not exactly match the items on your screen.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-15
5.3.1
Creating a RAID set
(RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10, or RAID 5)
To create a RAID set:
1.
From the utility menu bar, select Create on the top.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Adapter 1
Arrays Information:
No array is defined!
Disks Information:
ID Port Disk Name
0 0
SATA: Hitachi
4 1
SATA: Hitachi
8 2
SATA: Hitachi
12 3
SATA: Hitachi
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
2.
Press <Enter>. The screen shows the disks you can add to make up
the RAID set. Use the arrow key to select a disk and press <Enter> or
<Space> to include this disk in the array.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Select free disks to create
ID Port Disk Name
SATA: Hitachi
Hitachi HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
00 00
SATA:
4 1
SATA: Hitachi HDS721010KLA330
8 2
SATA: Hitachi HDS721010KLA330
12 3
SATA: Hitachi HDS721010KLA330
NEXT
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
II
SATA
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
3.
5-16
After you have selected the desired disks, select NEXT to create array.
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
4.
The Create Array screen appears.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Select free disks to create
ID
Port
Disk
Name
Create Array
*0 Raid
0 Level
SATA: :Hitachi
RAID0 HDS721010KLA330
*4 Max
1 Size(MB)
SATA: :Hitachi
2000241 HDS721010KLA330
8 Capacity(MB)
2
SATA: :Hitachi
2000241 HDS721010KLA330
12 Stripe
3
SATA:
Hitachi
Size : 64KB HDS721010KLA330
NEXT
Quick Init : No
Cache Mode
Array Name
Disks ID
NEXT
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
: Write Back
:
: 0 1
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
5.
Use the arrow key to select the RAID Level item and press <Enter> to display
the available RAID set. Select a RAID set and press <Enter> to create.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Select free disks to create
ID
PortArray
Disk Name
Create
*0 Raid
0 Level
SATA: :Hitachi
RAID0 HDS721010KLA330
*4 Max
1 Size(MB)
SATA: :Hitachi
*RAID0 HDS721010KLA330
2000241
8 Capacity(MB)
2
SATA: :Hitachi
RAID1 HDS721010KLA330
2000241
12 Stripe
3
SATA: :Hitachi
RAID10HDS721010KLA330
Size
64KB
NEXT
RAID5
Quick Init : No
Cache Mode
Array Name
Disks ID
NEXT
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
: Write Back
:
: 0 1
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
•
The available RAID sets vary with the number of disks you select. The
RAID sets that you are not allowed to create are grayed out.
•
Except for the RAID Level item, we recommend you keep the default
values for the other items in Create Array screen.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-17
6.
A confirmation screen appears. Press <Y> to confirm the array creation.
Create the array?[Y]
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Select free disks to create
ID
Port
Disk
Name
Create Array
*0 Raid
0 Level
SATA: :Hitachi
RAID0 HDS721010KLA330
*4 Max
1 Size(MB)
SATA: :Hitachi
2000241 HDS721010KLA330
8 Capacity(MB)
2
SATA: :Hitachi
2000241 HDS721010KLA330
12 Stripe
3
SATA:
Hitachi
Size : 64KB HDS721010KLA330
NEXT
Quick Init : No
Cache Mode
Array Name
Disks ID
NEXT
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
: Write Back
:
: 0 1
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
7.
The newly created array appears in Arrays Information.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Adapter 1
Arrays Information:
ID Array Name Size
Level Status
0
2TB
RAID0 ONLINE
Disks Information:
ID Port Disk Name
0 0
SATA: Hitachi
4 1
SATA: Hitachi
8 2
SATA: Hitachi
12 3
SATA: Hitachi
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
HDS721010KLA330
Stripe Members
64KB 0, 4
Size
1TB
1TB
1TB
1TB
Speed
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
SATA II
Status
FULLASSIGN
FULLASSIGN
FREE
FREE
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
5-18
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
5.3.2
Deleting an array
To delete a RAID set:
1.
From the utility menu bar, select Delete on the top and press <Enter> and the
Delete array screen appears.
ENTER/SPACE:Select, ESC:Back/Exit
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Delete array
ID Array Name Size
Level Status
0
2TB
RAID0 ONLINE
0
2TB
RAID0 ONLINE
NEXT
Stripe Members
64KB 0, 4
64KB 0, 4
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
2.
Select a desired array to delete and select NEXT. Press <Y> after the
confirmation screen appears.
Delete the array?[Y]
[Adapter]
[Create]
Delete array
ID Array Name Size
*0
2TB
NEXT
NEXT
[Delete]
Level
RAID0
Status
ONLINE
Stripe Members
64KB 0, 4
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
ASUS P7F-X Series
5-19
3.
Press <Y> again to confirm and delete the selected array.
Warning: Do you want to delete the array's MBR?[Y]
[Adapter]
[Create]
[Delete]
Delete array
ID Array Name Size
Level Status
Stripe Members
*0
2TB
RAID0 ONLINE
64KB 0, 4
NEXT
NEXT
Marvell BIOS Setup (c) 2006 Marvell Technology, Ltd.
You cannot recover lost data if you delete an array. Make sure you back up
important data before deleting an array.
5-20
Chapter 5: RAID configuration
This chapter provides instructions for
installing the necessary drivers for
different system components.
6
Driver
installation
Chapter summary
6
6.1
RAID driver installation................................................................ 6-1
6.2
Intel chipset device software installation................................... 6-8
6.3
LAN driver installation................................................................ 6-10
6.4
Display driver installation.......................................................... 6-12
6.5
Management application and utilities installation................... 6-14
ASUS P7F-X Series
6.1
RAID driver installation
After creating the RAID sets for your server system, you are now ready to install
an operating system to the independent hard disk drive or bootable array. This
part provides instructions on how to install the RAID controller drivers during OS
installation.
6.1.1
Creating a RAID driver disk
The system does not include a floppy drive. You have to use a USB floppy drive
when creating a SATA RAID driver disk.
A floppy disk with the RAID driver is required when installing Windows® operating
system on a hard disk drive that is included in a RAID set. You can create a RAID
driver disk in DOS (using the Makedisk application in the support DVD).
To create a RAID driver disk in DOS environment
1.
Place the motherboard support DVD in the optical drive.
2.
Restart the computer, and then enter the BIOS Setup.
3.
Select the optical drive as the first boot priority to boot from the support DVD.
Save your changes, and then exit the BIOS Setup.
4.
Restart the computer. The Makedisk menu appears.
Create Driver Diskette Menu
PCH INTEL RAID Driver
PCH LSI RAID Driver
FreeDOS command prompt
5.
Use the arrow keys to select the type of RAID driver disk you want to create
and press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu.
PCH INTEL RAID Driver
PCH INTEL RAID Driver
Windows 32 bit(also support AHCI)
Windows 64 bit(also support AHCI)
Back
Exit
ASUS P7F-X Series
6-3
6.
Locate the RAID driver and place a blank, high-density floppy disk to the
floppy disk drive.
7.
Press <Enter>.
8.
Follow screen instructions to create the driver disk.
To create a RAID driver disk in Windows® environment
1. Start Windows®.
2. Place the motherboard support DVD into the optical drive.
3. Go to the Make Disk menu, and then select the type of RAID driver disk you
want to create.
4. Insert a floppy disk into the floppy disk drive.
5. Follow succeeding screen instructions to complete the process.
Write-protect the floppy disk to avoid computer virus infection.
6-4
Chapter 6: Driver installation
6.1.2
Installing the RAID controller driver
Windows® Server OS
During Windows® Server OS installation
To install the RAID controller driver when installing Windows® Server OS:
1.
Boot the computer using the Windows® Server installation DVD. The
Windows® Server OS Setup starts.
Windows Setup
Press F6 if you need to install a third party SCSI or RAID driver...
2.
Press <F6> when the message “Press F6 if you need to install a third party
SCSI or RAID driver...” appears at the bottom of the screen.
3.
When prompted, press <S> to specify an additional device.
Windows Setup
Setup could not determine the type of one or more mass storage devices
installed in your system, or you have chosen to manually specify an adapter.
Currently, Setup will load support for the following mass storage devices(s):
<none>
* To specify additional SCSI adapters, DVD-ROM drives, or special
disk controllers for use with Windows, including those for
which you have a device support disk from a mass storage device
manufacturer, press S.
* If you do not have any device support disks from a mass storage
device manufacturer, or do not want to specify additional
mass storage devices for use with Windows, press ENTER.
S=Specify Additional Device
ASUS P7F-X Series
ENTER=Continue
F3=Exit
6-5
4.
Insert the RAID driver disk you created earlier to the floppy disk drive, then
press <Enter>.
Windows Setup
Please insert the disk labeled
Manufacturer-supplied hardware support disk
into Drive A:
*
ENTER=Continue
5.
ESC=Cancel
Press ENTER when ready.
F3=Exit
Select the RAID controller driver you need from the list, then press <Enter>.
6.
The Windows® Setup loads the RAID controller drivers from the RAID driver
disk. When prompted, press <Enter> to continue installation.
7.
Setup then proceeds with the OS installation. Follow screen instructions to
continue.
To an existing Windows® Server OS
To install the RAID controller driver on an existing Windows® Server OS
1.
2.
Restart the computer, and then log in with Administrator privileges.
Windows® automatically detects the RAID controller and displays a New
Hardware Found window. Click Cancel.
3.
Right-click the My Computer icon on the Windows® desktop, and then select
Properties from the menu.
4.
Click the Hardware tab, and then click the Device Manager button to display
the list of devices installed in the system.
5.
Right-click the RAID controller item, then select Properties.
6.
Click the Driver tab, and then click the Update Driver button.
7.
The Upgrade Device Driver Wizard window appears. Click Next.
8.
Insert the RAID driver disk you created earlier to the floppy disk drive.
9.
Select the option Install the software automatically (Recommended), and
then click Next.
10. The wizard searches the RAID controller drivers. When found, click Next to
install the drivers.
11. Click Finish after the driver installation is done.
6-6
Chapter 6: Driver installation
To verify the RAID controller driver installation:
1.
Right-click the My Computer icon on the Windows® desktop, and then select
Properties from the menu.
2.
Click the Hardware tab, and then click the Device Manager button.
3.
Click the “+” sign before the item SCSI and RAID controllers, and then the
Intel(R) ICH8R/ICH9R/ICH10R/DO/PCH SATA RAID Controller item should
appear.
The screen differs based on the controller.
4.
Right-click the RAID controller driver item, and then select Properties from
the menu.
5.
Click the Driver tab, and then click the Driver Details button to display the
RAID controller drivers.
6.
Click OK when finished.
ASUS P7F-X Series
6-7
6.2
Intel® chipset device installation
This section provides instructions on how to install the Plug and Play components
for the Intel® chipset on the system.
You need to manually install the Intel® chipset software on a Windows Server
operating system. To install the Intel® chipset device software:
6-8
1.
Restart the computer, then log on with Administrator privileges.
2.
Insert the motherboard/system support DVD to the optical drive. The support
DVD automatically displays the Drivers menu if Autorun is enabled in your
computer.
3.
Click the item Intel Chipset Device Software from the menu.
4.
The Intel(R) Chipset Device Software window appears. Click Next to start
installation.
Chapter 6: Driver installation
5.
Select Yes to accept the terms of the License Agreement and continue the
process.
6.
Read the Readme File Information and press Next to continue the
installation.
7.
After completing the installation, click Finish to complete the setup process.
ASUS P7F-X Series
6-9
6.3
LAN driver installation
This section provides instructions on how to install the Marvell® Yukon Ethernet
driver on a Windows® Server OS.
To install the LAN controller drivers
1.
Restart the computer, and then log on with Administrator privileges.
2.
Insert the motherboard/system support DVD to the optical drive. The DVD
automatically displays the Drivers menu if Autorun is enabled in your
computer.
3.
6-10
•
Windows® automatically detects the LAN controllers and displays a New
Hardware Found window. Click Cancel to close this window.
•
If Autorun is NOT enabled in your computer, browse the contents of the
support DVD to locate the file ASSETUP.EXE from the BIN folder. Doubleclick the ASSETUP.EXE to run the DVD.
Click the Marvell Yukon Ethernet Driver to begin installation.
Chapter 6: Driver installation
4.
Click I accept the terms of the License Agreement and click Install to
continue.
5.
Marvell MiniPort Driver Setup window appears, showing the installing
process.
6.
Click Finish to close the wizard.
ASUS P7F-X Series
6-11
6.4
VGA driver installation
This section provides instructions on how to install the XGI Volari Z9s Video
Graphics Adapter (VGA) driver.
6.4.1
Windows® Server 2003
You need to manually install the XGI Volari Z9s VGA driver on a Windows® Server
2003 operating system. To install the XGI Volari Z9s VGA driver:
6-12
1.
Restart the computer, then log on with Administrator privileges.
2.
Insert the motherboard/system support CD to the optical drive. The support
CD automatically displays the Drivers menu if Autorun is enabled in your
computer.
The Drivers menu if Autorun is enabled in your computer.
3.
The XGI VGA Package window appears, preparing the setup.
Chapter 6: Driver installation
4.
Click Next to start the installation.
5.
The system will update the VGA driver automatically.
6.
When the installation completes, click Finish to restart your computer before
using the program.
ASUS P7F-X Series
6-13
6.5
Management applications and utilities
installation
The support DVD that came with the motherboard package contains the drivers,
management applications, and utilities that you can install to avail all motherboard
features.
The contents of the support DVD are subject to change at any time without
notice. Visit the ASUS website (www.asus.com) for updates.
6.5.1
Running the support DVD
Place the support DVD to the optical drive. The DVD automatically displays the
Drivers menu if Autorun is enabled in your computer.
If Autorun is NOT enabled in your computer, browse the contents of the support
DVD to locate the file ASSETUP.EXE from the BIN folder. Double-click the
ASSETUP.EXE to run the DVD.
6.5.2
Drivers menu
The Drivers menu shows the available device drivers if the system detects installed
devices. Install the necessary drivers to activate the devices.
The screen display and driver options vary under different operating system
versions.
6-14
Chapter 6: Driver installation
6.5.3
Utilities menu
The Utilities menu displays the
software applications and utilities
that the motherboard supports.
Click an item to install.
6.5.4
Make disk menu
The Make disk menu contains items to create the Intel 3420 and LSI MegaRAID
driver disks.
6.5.5
Contact information
Click the Contact tab to display
the ASUS contact information.
You can also find this information
on the inside front cover of this
user guide.
ASUS P7F-X Series
6-15
6-16
Chapter 6: Driver installation
This appendix includes additional
information that you may refer to when
configuring the motherboard.
A
Reference information
Appendix summary
A.1
A
P7F-X block diagram.....................................................................A-3
ASUS P7F-X Series
A.1
P7F-X series block diagram
88E8056
88E8056
Marvell88SE6145
(P7F-X/SATA only)
ASUS P7F-X Series
A-3
A-4
Appendix A: Reference information
Download PDF

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