.

.
LM124
LM224 - LM324

LOW POWER QUAD OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
..
..
..
..
WIDE GAIN BANDWIDTH : 1.3MHz
INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE RANGE
INCLUDES GROUND
LARGE VOLTAGE GAIN : 100dB
VERY LOW SUPPLY CURRENT/AMPLI : 375µA
LOW INPUT BIAS CURRENT : 20nA
LOW INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE : 5mV max.
N
DIP14
(Plastic Package)
(for more accurate applications, use the equivalent parts
LM124A-LM224A-LM324A which feature 3mV max)
D
SO14
(Plastic Micropackage)
LOW INPUT OFFSET CURRENT : 2nA
WIDE POWER SUPPLY RANGE :
SINGLE SUPPLY : +3V TO +30V
DUAL SUPPLIES : ±1.5V TO ±15V
P
TSSOP14
(Thin Shrink Small Outline Package)
ORDER CODES
DESCRIPTION
These circuits consist of four independent, high
gain, internally frequency compensated operational
amplifiers . They operate from a single power supply
over a wide range of voltages. Operation from split
power supplies is also possible and the low power
supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage.
Part
Number
Temperature
Range
Package
LM124
-55 C, +125 C
N
•
LM224
-40oC, +105oC
•
•
•
•
•
•
o
o
o
o
0 C, +70 C
LM324
D
•
P
•
Example : LM224N
PIN CONNECTIONS (top view)
Output 1 1
Output 4
Inve rting Input 1 2
-
-
13
Inve rting Input 4
Non-inve rting Input 1 3
+
+
12
Non-inve rting Input 4
11
VCC Non-inve rting Input 3
VCC + 4
Non-inve rting Input 2
5
+
+
10
Inve rting Input 2
6
-
-
9
Inve rting Input 3
8
Output 3
Output 2
June 1998
14
7
1/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM (1/4 LM124)
V CC
6 µA
4µA
10 0µA
Q5
Q6
CC
Inve rting
inpu t
Q2
Q3
Q1
Q7
Q4
R SC
Q11
Non-inverting
inpu t
Outp ut
Q13
Q10
Q8
Q12
Q9
50µA
GND
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol
Vcc
Vi
Input Voltage
Vid
Differential Input Voltage - (*)
Ptot
Power Dissipation
LM124
N Suffix
D Suffix
-
Output Short-circuit Duration - (note 1)
Input Current – (note 6)
Tstg
Operating Free Air Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
LM224
±16 or 32
LM324
-0.3 to +32
Iin
Toper
2/14
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Unit
V
V
+32
+32
+32
V
500
-
500
400
500
400
mW
mW
mA
Infinite
50
50
50
-55 to +125
-40 to +105
0 to +70
o
-65 to +150
o
-65 to +150
-65 to +150
C
C
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
VCC+ = +5V, VCC– = Ground, VO = 1.4V, Tamb = +25oC (unless otherwise specified)
Symbol
Vio
Typ.
Max.
Iib
Avd
SVR
ICC
Vicm
CMR
Isource
Isink
Min.
2
5
7
7
9
Input Offset Current
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
2
30
100
Input Bias Current (note 2)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
20
150
300
Input Offset Voltage (note 3)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
Iio
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
Parameter
Unit
mV
LM324
LM324
nA
nA
Large Signal Voltage Gain
(VCC+ = +15V, RL = 2kΩ, VO = 1.4V to 11.4V)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
Supply Voltage Rejection Ratio (RS ≤ 10kΩ)
(VCC+ = 5V to 30V)
Tamb = +25oC
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
Supply Current, all Amp, no load
VCC
Tamb = +25oC
VCC
VCC
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
VCC
V/mV
50
25
100
dB
65
65
110
mA
=
=
=
=
0.7
1.5
0.8
1.5
+5V
+30V
+5V
+30V
1.2
3
1.2
3
V
Input Common Mode Voltage Range
(VCC = +30V) - (note 4)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
0
0
Common-mode Rejection Ratio (RS ≤ 10kΩ)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
70
60
80
Output Current Source (Vid = +1V)
VCC = +15V, V o = +2V
20
40
Output Sink Current (Vid = -1V)
VCC = +15V, V o = +2V
VCC = +15V, V o = +0.2V
10
12
20
50
VCC -1.5
VCC -2
dB
mA
70
mA
µA
3/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Symbol
High Level Output Voltage
(VCC = +30V)
Tamb = +25oC
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
(VCC = +5V, RL = 2kΩ)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
VOH
SR
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
V
R L = 2kΩ
R L = 10kΩ
Low Level Output Voltage (R L = 10kΩ)
o
Tamb = +25 C
Tmin. ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax.
VOL
Slew Rate
VCC = 15V, VI = 0.5 to 3V, RL = 2kΩ, C L = 100pF,
unity gain)
GBP
Gain Bandwidth Product
VCC = 30V, f = 100kHz, Vin = 10mV
RL = 2kΩ, CL = 100pF
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
f = 1kHz, AV = 20dB, RL = 2kΩ, VO = 2Vpp
CL = 100pF, VCC = 30V
26
26
27
27
27
28
3.5
3
mV
5
20
20
V/µs
0.4
MHz
1.3
%
0.015
nV
√

Hz
Equivalent Input Noise Voltage
f = 1kHz, Rs = 100Ω, VCC = 30V
40
DVio
Input Offset Voltage Drift
7
30
µV/oC
DIIO
Input Offset Current Drift
10
200
pA/oC
Channel Separation (note 5)
1kHz ≤ f ≤ 20kHz
120
en
VO1/VO2
Notes :
4/14
Parameter
dB
1. Shor t -cir cui t s f rom t he out put t o V C C can cause excessi ve heat i ng if V C C > 15V. T he maxi mum out put cur rent
is appr oxi mat el y 40mA i ndependent of the magni t ude of V C C . D estr ucti ve di ssipat i on can r es ult f r om simul taneous short -cir cuit on al l ampli f iers.
2. The di r ect ion of the i nput cur rent is out of t he IC . Thi s cur r ent is essenti al l y constant, i ndependent of the st ate
of the out put so no l oadi ng change exists on the i nput l i nes.
3. Vo = 1. 4V , R s = 0Ω , 5V < V CC + < 30V , 0 < V ic < V C C + - 1.5V
4. The i nput common- mode vol t age of eit her i nput si gnal volt age shoul d not be allow ed to go negat i ve by mor e
than 0.3V . T he upper end of the common- mode vol tage r ange i s V C C + - 1.5V , but eit her or bot h i nput s can go
to +32V w i thout damage.
5. Due t o the proxi mit y of ex ternal component s insure t hat coupl ing i s not ori gi nat ing vi a str ay capaci t ance betw een these ext ernal par t s. T hi s t ypi call y can be detect ed as t his t ype of capaci tance i ncreases at higher f requences.
6. This input cur rent onl y exi sts w hen t he volt age at any of t he i nput leads is dr iven negat ive. It i s due t o t he
coll ect or - base juncti on of t he i nput PN P transistor becomi ng forw ar d biased and ther eby act ing as input diodes clamps. I n addit i on to thi s di ode act i on, there i s al so N PN par asit i c act ion on the I C chip. t hi s t ransi st or
acti on can cause t he output vol t ages of the Op- amps t o go t o the V CC volt age l evel (or to ground f or a l arge
over dri ve) f or t he ti me dur at ion t han an input i s dr iven negati ve.
This i s not destr uct i ve and nor mal out put wi l l set up again f or i nput vol tage higher t han - 0.3V.
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
INPUT BIAS CURRENT
ve rsus AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
24
21
18
15
12
9
6
3
0
-55-35-15 5 25 45 65 85 105 125
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ( C)
S UPPLY CURRENT
4
VCC
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
IB (nA)
ID
mA
3
-
2
+
Tamb = 0 C to +125 C
1
Ta mb = -55 C
0
10
20
30
POS ITIVE S UPP LY VOLTAGE (V)
5/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
6/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
TYPICAL SINGLE - SUPPLY APPLICATIONS
AC COUPLED INVERTING AMPLIFIER
Rf
100k Ω
CI
R1
10kΩ
VCC
R2
100kΩ
R1
100kΩ
Rf
RB
6.2kΩ
R3
100kΩ
R2
1MΩ
A V= 1 + R2
R1
(as s hown AV = 11)
R1
(as shown A V = -10)
1/4
LM124
eI ~
AV= -
AC COUPLED NON-INVERTING AMPLIFIER
Co
0
eo
C1
0.1µF
2VPP
Co
1/4
LM124
CI
0
eo
RB
6.2kΩ
RL
10kΩ
eI ~
R3
1MΩ
2VP P
RL
10kΩ
R4
100kΩ
VCC
C1
10µF
C2
10µF
R5
100kΩ
7/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
TYPICAL SINGLE - SUPPLY APPLICATIONS
NON-INVERTING DC GAIN
DC SUMMING AMPLIFIER
100kΩ
e1
AV = 1 + R2
R1
(As shown A V = 101)
10k Ω
R1
10kΩ
R2
1MΩ
eO
100kΩ
+5V
e O (V)
1/4
LM124
e2
100kΩ
e3
100kΩ
eO
1/4
LM124
100kΩ
0
e I (mV)
100kΩ
e4
eo = e1 + e2 - e3 - e4
where (e 1 + e2) ≥ (e3 + e4)
to keep eo ≥ 0V
HIGH INPUT Z ADJUSTABLE GAIN DC
INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIER
LOW DRIFT PEAK DETECTOR
R1
100kΩ
IB
1/4
e1
R2
2k Ω
1/4
LM124
R3
100kΩ
1/4
LM124
eO
C
1µF
*
ZI
2IB
e2
if R1 = R5 and R3 = R4 = R6 = R7
2R1
eo = [ 1+
] (e2 − e1)
R2
As shown eo = 101 (e2 - e1).
R7
100k Ω
R
1MΩ
Zo
2IB
2N 929
R5
100k Ω
R6
100k Ω
eo
I B LM124
1/4
LM124
eI
Gain adjust
1/4
LM124
8/14
R4
100k Ω
0.001µF
IB
3R
3MΩ
IB
* Polycarbonate or polyethylene
1/4
LM124
Input current
compensation
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
TYPICAL SINGLE - SUPPLY APPLICATIONS
ACTIVER BANDPASS FILTER
HIGH INPUT Z, DC DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER
R1 R 4
=
R2 R3
(CMRR depends on this resistor ratio match)
For
R1
100k Ω
C1
330pF
1/4
LM124
R5
470kΩ
R4
10MΩ
e1
1/4
LM124
C2
330pF
R3
10kΩ
R1
100kΩ
1/4
LM124
R6
470kΩ
eO
1/4
LM124
R4
100kΩ
R2
100kΩ
R3
100kΩ
+V1
+V2
R7
100kΩ
1/4
LM124
Vo
V CC
R4
) (e2− e1)
R3
As shown eo = (e2 - e 1)
C3
10µF
R8
100kΩ
eo (1+
FO = 1kHz
Q = 50
AV = 100 (40dB)
USING SYMMETRICAL AMPLIFIERS TO REDUCE INPUT CURRENT (GENERAL CONCEPT)
1/4
I
eI
IB
I
eo
I B LM124
2N 929
0.001 µF
IB
IB
3MΩ
1.5MΩ
IB
1/4
LM124
Aux. amplifier for input
current compensation
9/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
..
..
LARGE VOLTAGE GAIN : 100dB
VERY LOW SUPPLY CURRENT/AMPLI :
375µA
LOW INPUT BIAS CURRENT : 20nA
LOW INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE : 2mV
..
LOW INPUT OFFSET CURRENT : 2nA
WIDE POWER SUPPLY RANGE :
SINGLE SUPPLY : +3V to +30V
DUAL SUPPLIES : ±1.5V to ±15V
Applies to : LM124-LM224-LM324
** Standard Linear Ics Macromodels, 1993.
** CONNECTIONS :
* 1 INVERTING INPUT
* 2 NON-INVERTING INPUT
* 3 OUTPUT
* 4 POSITIVE POWER SUPPLY
* 5 NEGATIVE POWER SUPPLY
.SUBCKT LM124 1 3 2 4 5 (analog)
**********************************************************
.MODEL MDTH D IS=1E-8 KF=3.104131E-15
CJO=10F
* INPUT STAGE
CIP 2 5 1.000000E-12
CIN 1 5 1.000000E-12
EIP 10 5 2 5 1
EIN 16 5 1 5 1
RIP 10 11 2.600000E+01
RIN 15 16 2.600000E+01
RIS 11 15 2.003862E+02
DIP 11 12 MDTH 400E-12
DIN 15 14 MDTH 400E-12
VOFP 12 13 DC 0
VOFN 13 14 DC 0
IPOL 13 5 1.000000E-05
CPS 11 15 3.783376E-09
DINN 17 13 MDTH 400E-12
VIN 17 5 0.000000e+00
10/14
DINR 15 18 MDTH 400E-12
VIP 4 18 2.000000E+00
FCP 4 5 VOFP 3.400000E+01
FCN 5 4 VOFN 3.400000E+01
FIBP 2 5 VOFN 2.000000E-03
FIBN 5 1 VOFP 2.000000E-03
* AMPLIFYING STAGE
FIP 5 19 VOFP 3.600000E+02
FIN 5 19 VOFN 3.600000E+02
RG1 19 5 3.652997E+06
RG2 19 4 3.652997E+06
CC 19 5 6.000000E-09
DOPM 19 22 MDTH 400E-12
DONM 21 19 MDTH 400E-12
HOPM 22 28 VOUT 7.500000E+03
VIPM 28 4 1.500000E+02
HONM 21 27 VOUT 7.500000E+03
VINM 5 27 1.500000E+02
EOUT 26 23 19 5 1
VOUT 23 5 0
ROUT 26 3 20
COUT 3 5 1.000000E-12
DOP 19 25 MDTH 400E-12
VOP 4 25 2.242230E+00
DON 24 19 MDTH 400E-12
VON 24 5 7.922301E-01
.ENDS
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
VCC+ = +5V, VCC- = 0V, Tamb = 25oC (unless otherwise specified)
Symbol
Conditions
Vio
Value
Unit
0
mV
Avd
RL = 2kΩ
100
V/mV
ICC
No load, per operator
350
µA
-15 to +13.5
V
+13.5
V
5
mV
Vicm
+
VOH
RL = 2kΩ (VCC = 15V)
VOL
RL = 10kΩ
IOS
VO = +2V, VCC = +15V
+40
mA
GBP
RL = 2kΩ, CL = 100pF
1.3
MHz
SR
RL = 2kΩ, CL = 100pF
0.4
V/µs
11/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
PM-DIP14.EPS
PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA
14 PINS - PLASTIC DIP
a1
B
b
b1
D
E
e
e3
F
i
L
Z
12/14
Min.
0.51
1.39
Millimeters
Typ.
Max.
1.65
Min.
0.020
0.055
0.5
0.25
Inches
Typ.
0.065
0.020
0.010
20
0.787
8.5
2.54
15.24
0.335
0.100
0.600
7.1
5.1
0.280
0.201
3.3
1.27
Max.
0.130
2.54
0.050
0.100
DIP14.TBL
Dimensions
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
PM-SO14.EPS
PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA
14 PINS - PLASTIC MICROPACKAGE (SO)
A
a1
a2
b
b1
C
c1
D
E
e
e3
F
G
L
M
S
Min.
Millimeters
Typ.
0.1
0.35
0.19
Max.
1.75
0.2
1.6
0.46
0.25
Min.
Inches
Typ.
0.004
0.014
0.007
0.5
Max.
0.069
0.008
0.063
0.018
0.010
0.020
o
45 (typ.)
8.55
5.8
8.75
6.2
0.336
0.228
1.27
7.62
3.8
4.6
0.5
0.334
0.244
0.050
0.300
4.0
5.3
1.27
0.68
0.150
0.181
0.020
0.157
0.208
0.050
0.027
SO14.TBL
Dimensions
o
8 (max.)
13/14
LM124 - LM224 - LM324
PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA
14 PINS - THIN SHRINK SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
Dim.
Millimeters
Min.
Typ.
A
A1
0.05
A2
0.80
b
0.19
c
0.09
D
4.90
E
E1
1.00
5.00
Inches
Max.
1.20
Min.
0.15
0.01
1.05
0.031
0.30
0.007
0.20
0.003
5.10
0.192
6.40
4.30
e
4.40
o
0
l
0.50
4.50
0.006
0.039
0.041
0.15
0.012
0.196
0.20
0.169
0.173
0.177
0.025
o
0.60
Max.
0.05
0.252
0.65
k
Typ.
o
8
0
0.75
0.09
o
8
0.0236
0.030
 1998 STMicroelectronics – Printed in Italy – All Rights Reserved
STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES
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14/14
ORDER CODE :
Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the
consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support
devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics.
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