Altec AL7024S Series Designer's guide Product data

Altec AL7024S Series Designer's guide Product data
luxCONTROL
DALI manual
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Tridonic GmbH & Co KG
Färbergasse 15
6851 Dornbirn
Austria
Version 3.0
www.tridonic.com
Subject to change without prior notice. All information is subject to change
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Table of contents
Table of contents
Introduction: DALI standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Features of DALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical features of a DALI circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scene and group concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Positioning of DALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
5
5
6
7
Overview of DALI controllers and DALI control gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
DALI interface modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
DALI devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
comfortDIM product series in detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
DALI power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI scene controllers: DALI-SC & SC-A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI multi controller: DALI MC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration by masterCONFIGURATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI TOUCHPANEL 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI sequencer module: DALI SQM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI MSensor 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
23
31
35
36
42
46
51
53
57
Designing a DALI application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Conventional wiring or DALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Design considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Sample applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Start-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Before you get started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Sample set-up for a conference room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Maintenance and troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Failure of a DALI ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Exceeding the maximum cable length or short-circuits in the DALI circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Double addressing problem at set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Annex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Technical features of a DALI circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important DALI parameters and DALI commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current draw of the comfortDIM products in the DALI circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DALI MSensor 02 broadcast commands and luminaire group commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reference list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Introduction: DALI standard
Introduction: DALI standard
History
The agreement by the lighting industry to adopt a common protocol for digital addressable control of luminaires has
opened up a virtually unlimited number of options for regulating artificial lighting in all applications. This common
protocol is the DALI protocol (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface), which has now been internationally standardised
through the IEC.
With the right choice of individual DALI components an extremely wide range of requirements can be met, from
operating the lighting system from a simple light switch to lighting management systems for entire office complexes
with thousands of light sources. The new standardisation means that there are no longer any restrictions on the
application of this technology. Any light source, including incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, high-intensity
discharge lamps and even LEDs, can be controlled irrespective of whether they are installed in an office, a restaurant
or a street light.
The DALI system is based on simplicity of operation. However the demands on electrical system designers and
electricians have increased enormously.
The purpose of this technical manual is to describe how the DALI system components offered by Tridonic operate and
illustrate their functionality by looking at how they can be used in actual practice.
DALI stands for “Digital Addressable Lighting Interface” and is an interface protocol for digital communication between
electronic lighting equipment (electronic ballasts, transformers, etc.).
The DALI standard was developed by Tridonic together with renowned manufacturers of operating and control
equipment. Today, these manufacturers belong to the DALI Activity Group which promotes the use of DALI and
safeguards its further development.
The DALI standard was defined in EN 60929 Annex E until 2009 but is now defined in IEC 62386. This standard also
describes the differences between the various types of device. As a result, long-term compatibility among
manufacturers is guaranteed and the DALI standard is ensured a secure future. In addition, compatibility between
products from different manufacturers is supported by a test procedure standardised by the DALI Activity Group. All
products that carry the logo of the DALI Activity Group have successfully passed this standardised test. Tridonic
products meet these requirements in full.
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Introduction: DALI standard
Features of DALI
Simplified Installation
Power lines and control lines can be laid together in the same cable. The wiring may be in
series, in a star arrangement or in mixed form.
No polarity
There is no need to worry about the polarity (+/-) of the DALI control line.
Stable dimming
function
All the luminaires receive the same interference-free digital signal and therefore the same
dimmer value.
Distributed
intelligence
DALI uses a system of distributed intelligence; multiple controllers (e.g. DALI GC)
communicate with intelligent ballasts. Each controller operates as a “master” and controls
communication on the control line. Ballasts react only as “slaves” at the request of the
“master”. Certain parameters are stored directly in the DALI unit (e.g. scene values, group
address).
Status feedback
Status reports can be issued by the DALI units. Information on faulty lamps for example
can therefore be transferred directly to a higher-ranking system.
Flexibility
Group assignment is set up by means of parameters and not by hard wiring. Lighting
scene values are stored in the DALI unit.
Logarithmic dimming
curve
The dimming curve is matched to the sensitivity of the eye.
Technical features of a DALI circuit
Maximum no. of DALI
groups
16
Maximum no. of DALI
scenes
16
DALI voltage
9.5 V - 22.5 V, typically 16 V
DALI system current
Max. 250 mA (depending on the installed DALI power supply)
Data transfer rate
1200 baud
Maximum cable length
The maximum cable length depends on the maximum permitted voltage drop along the
DALI cable; this is defined as 2 V max. This corresponds to a maximum cable length of
300 m for a line cross-section of 1.5 mm².
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Introduction: DALI standard
½ CAUTION!
When the maximum cable length is calculated the contact resistance must also be taken into account.
A voltage drop of 2 V must not be exceeded!
Scene and group concept
DALI scenes
With DALI it is possible to store 16 different lighting scenarios in each DALI unit so that predefined lighting moods can
be called up for a room (for example the "presentation" scene in a conference room, or a "morning" scene in a
wellness centre). The values of the 16 scenes are stored in the control gear. As soon as the unit receives the
command "Go to scene 1" for example it fades up or down to the value stored in memory. The cross-fade time for the
scene call is also stored in the unit and can be set in steps between 0.7 and 90.5 seconds with the "Fade Time"
parameter.
Figure: Examples of light scenes
"Daytime showroom" scene
"Night-time showroom" scene
DALI groups
With DALI it is possible to define 16 groups in a DALI circuit.
A group is a meaningful collection of luminaires. Group assignment can be edited in DALI. It is possible for one DALI
unit to belong to several groups. This reduces the amount of wiring needed and greatly increases flexibility compared
with non-addressable systems because in these systems the groupings are hard-wired.
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Introduction: DALI standard
Positioning of DALI
DALI is not a new system for building control such as LON, KNX and other building management systems but a useful
addition for the practical application of lighting controllers. DALI provides ideal support for building control systems and
enables each light source to be individually addressed. Even small installations in which a building control system
would not be economical need not forego the convenience of digital technology. DALI can be used in such installations
as an independent lighting management system.
Digital technology has taken over from analogue technology in lighting control systems because of the universal
application of DALI units and their reliable control.
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DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
Overview of DALI controllers and DALI control gear
DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
The unique comfortDIM concept is the basis for extremely user-friendly lighting solutions with enormous flexibility for
future expansion. It uses the DALI protocol (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface). This is a standardised protocol that
ensures maximum investment protection and future-proofing. It also guarantees security of planning and high levels of
flexibility even after set-up.
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DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
Table: Functional overview comfortDIM
DALI GC
DALI SC
DALI MC
DALI
TOUCHPANEL
02
DALI SQM
x-touchPANEL 02
DALI
MSensor 02
Manual group / scene control
Groups and scenes can be easily
switched and dimmed with the group
and scene control modules.
Multi-functional control
These control modules ensure
maximum flexibility. The inputs and
buttons can be freely programmed for
a wide range of functions.
Automatic scene control (sequence)
Predefined lighting scenes can be
easily combined into a self-executing
sequence.
Automatic color control (sequence)
Predefined light colours can be easily
combined into a self-executing
sequence.
Time-controlled daily processes
(scheduler)
Predefined scenes, sequences or
colours can be controlled or recalled
via a real-time clock.
Automatic daylight and presence
control
DALI lighting controls supplemented
with a sensor module enable
energy-efficient solutions to be
provided.
Remote control of the DALI circuit
Functions can be controlled from an
infrared remote control.
Convenient operation and
programming
Simple set-up of the DALI circuit and
convenient operation of the control
functions.
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DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
Convenient configuration with a PC
DALI systems can be easily configured
by means of an interface module and
PC software. Even complex systems
can be easily set up.
Manual color temperature control
Tunable white devices can be
controlled.
DALI power supply DALI PS / DALI PS1 / DALI PS2
DALI PS, DALI PS1 and DALI PS2 are DALI power supply modules with a rated current of 200 mA (240 mA in the
case of DALI PS2). The modules differ in their casing design; DALI PS and DALI PS2 are suitable for installation in
switching cabinets; DALI PS1 is suitable for installation in suspended ceilings or cavities.
DALI group controllersDALI GC / GC-A
Two lighting groups can be controlled with the group controller (ON/OFF/DIM). Set-up (addressing) and assignment to
the DALI groups can be performed by means of a simple switch sequence. In the case of the GC-A version,
configuration via the switches is disabled to prevent unintentional reprogramming. The compact design enables the
unit to be installed in a standard switch box.
DALI scene controllers DALI SC / SC-A
The scene controller enables four lighting scenes to be programmed and recalled.
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DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
The scene controller enables four lighting scenes to be programmed and recalled.
In the case of the SC-A version, configuration via the switches is disabled to prevent unintentional reprogramming.
The compact design enables the unit to be installed in a standard switch box.
DALI multicontrollerDALI MC
DALI MC has 4 inputs, the functions of which can be freely edited. Via the settable switching modes (short, long press;
toggle; relay mode) a maximum of two options can be assigned to each input, of which one function can be activated in
each case. Customer-specific programming is possible via the masterCONFIGURATOR (see Reference list)
configuration software. The compact design enables the unit to be installed in a standard switch box.
DALI TOUCHPANEL
The DALI TOUCHPANEL 02 has selectable control panel functions for manual control of DALI lighting groups and
DALI lighting scenes. Customer-specific programming is possible via the masterCONFIGURATOR (since version 2.6)
(see Reference list) .
DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
The x/e-touchPANEL 02 with its 7 inch colour touch screen is a lighting management system for up to 128 DALI units.
The x/e-touchPANEL 02 contains user-friendly application software with a mode optimised for RGB colour lighting
management.
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DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
DALI sequencer moduleDALI-SQM
The sequencer module sends broadcast-addressed scene calls at user-defined intervals (up to 16 different scenes).
The factory-setting is that a sequence comprises 8 scenes. When the last scene is reached the cycle starts again from
the beginning.
DALI MSensor 02
The DALI MSensor 02 is a DALI-based sensor with ambient light control and presence detection. The DALI MSensor
02 also has a receiver for infrared remote control. There are versions for installation in luminaires, ceilings and boxes
and also for surface mounting.
DALI RC and IR smart Controller
These two remote controls extend the functionality of the DALI MSensor 02.
With the user-friendly DALI RC remote control it is also possible to perform all the basic functions of the DALI MSensor
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DALI controllers of comfortDIM product series
With the user-friendly DALI RC remote control it is also possible to perform all the basic functions of the DALI MSensor
02.
DALI USB
The DALI USB interface module enables the DALI installation to be set up and parametrised with the aid of a PC.
Tridonic offers therefore the software masterCONFIGURATOR (see Reference list) to make it easier to put even
complex DALI installations into operation.
DALI RS232 Interface PS/S
The DALI RS232 Interface PS/S combines a DALI interface module and a power supply module in one and the same
device. The rated current of the power supply is 240 mA. Via the RS232 interface it is possible to put the DALI system
into operation and to set its parameters. During normal operation the interface can be used for service purposes. The
RS232 interface is accessed via an RJ45 socket. An optional connecting cable from the RJ45 socket to an RS232 plug
is available as an accessory.
Additional adapters (to USB for example) are available from various manufacturers.
...
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DALI interface modules
DALI interface modules
DALI DSI / DSI II
The DALI DSI converter converts DALI commands into DSI signals so that DSI-based units can be integrated in DALI
lighting control systems.
DALI Somfy animeo interface
With this interface Somfy animeo IB+ motor controllers can be integrated in the DALI circuit. The DALI Somfy animeo
interface can control up to four blinds independently. The blind positions (height and angle) are stored like lighting
scenes. The lighting and the blind positions can be stored under one and the same scene.
DALI 3-RM-C
The DALI-3-RM-C relay module controller enables up to 3 standard contactors (24 V DC) to be controlled so that
different loads can be switched via DALI commands.
DALI RM
The DALI RM relay module controller enables a contactor (12/24 VDC or 230VAC) to be controlled so that different loads
can be switched via DALI commands.
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DALI devices
DALI devices
Electronic LED control gear
LCAU 2x020/0048 L0x0 one4all
LCAU 2x020/0048 L0x0 one4all control gear is digital dimmable electronic control gear for PREMIUM modules (SLE
and DLE). LCAU 2x020/0048 L0x0 onel4all control gear offers control options via DALI, DSI and switchDIM. The
control gear supports DALI Device Type 8 for tunable white. Colours can be set via xy coordinates or via the colour
temperature. There are 16 scenes (predefined colour temperatures) preprogrammed in the control gear. These can be
reprogrammed with the aid of the masterCONFIGURATOR.
LCAI ECO one4all, C003. K350
The LED control gear in the LCAI ECO one4all series are dimmable constant current devices with adjustable output
currents. There are built-in versions (Linear and Compact) and remote versions (Compact with tool-less strain relief).
LCAI ECO one4all has the option of control via DALI, DSI or switchDIM and automatically adjusts to the control signal.
The control gear has various functions that can be set via DALI. Details can be found in the product data sheet or in
the manual.
LED control gear C003
LED control gear C003 has three independent output channels for dimming light emitting diodes with 24 V.
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DALI devices
LED control gear K350
LED control gear K350 is a constant current device for 350 mA LEDs and has three independent output channels.
Electronic Fluorescent control gear
PCA EXCEL one4all xitec II
PCA EXCEL one4all lp xitec II and PCA ECO lp xitec II are digital dimmable electronic control gear for fluorescent
lamps. PCA EXCEL one4all lp xitec II has the option of control via DALI, DSI, switchDIM or SMART and automatically
adjusts to the control signal.
It also has a large number of intelligent functions and is therefore suitable for a wide range of applications. PCA ECO lp
xitec II has the option of control via DALI, DSI, switchDIM and SMART and is designed for use in building management
systems.
PCA ECO lp xitec II
PCA ECO lp xitec II is digital dimmable electronic control gear for fluorescent lamps.
PCA ECO lp xitec II has the option of control via DALI, DSI, switchDIM and SMART and is designed for use in building
management systems.
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DALI devices
Electronic HID control gear
PCIS outdoor DIM B011
Very durable HID ballasts designed for outdoor applications. The Interface of the PCIS outdoor DIM B011 ballasts
enables DALI, DSI and StepDIM functionality. Depending on the used lamp these ballasts can dim down to 40% to
save energy. Fixed output HID ballast with DALI / DSI interface.
Electronic transformers
TE one4all
The TE one4all is an electronic safety transformer for low-voltage halogen lamps. It enables low-voltage halogen lamps
to be integrated directly in the DALI circuit and can also fade them up and down.
TE-DC 2 one4all
The TE DC 2 one4all is an electronic safety transformer for low-voltage halogen lamps. It enables low-voltage halogen
lamps to be integrated directly in the DALI circuit and can also fade them up and down.
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DALI devices
Phase dimmers
DALI PCD 300 one4all
DALI PCD 300 one4all is a digital leading-edge and trailing-edge phase dimmer for ceiling installation.
They enable equipment such as electronic or magnetic transformers for low-voltage halogen lamps or incandescent
lamps to be integrated in a DALI system.
Connected load for DALI PCD 300 one4all: 30 VA – 300 VA.
DALI PCD/S
DALI PCD/S is a digital leading-edge and trailing-edge phase dimmer for mounting in switching cabinets.
They enable equipment such as electronic or magnetic transformers for low-voltage halogen lamps or incandescent
lamps to be integrated in a DALI system.
Connected load for DALI PCD/S: 40 VA – 1000 VA.
LED and Fluorescent control gear for emergency lighting
EM PRO EZ-3
LED emergency control gear for a wide range of fluorescent lamps with DALI interface and automatic test function.
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DALI devices
EM powerLED PRO EZ-3 1-2W
Maintained LED emergency control gear 1 – 2W with DALI interface and automatic test function.
EM powerLED PRO EZ-3 4W
Non-maintained LED emergency control gear 4W with DALI interface and automatic test function.
...
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Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous
DALI Repeater
The DALI Repeater is an amplifier module for refreshing the DALI signal. With the DALI Repeater it is possible to
increase the maximum length of the DALI control line from 300 m to 600 m.
...
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comfortDIM product series in detail
comfortDIM product series in detail
This chapter provides details of the various comfortDIM products. The topics covered here include functions,
connections and programming. For further information on the products please refer to the data sheets and the
installation instructions.
DALI power supply
DALI PS / PS1/ PS2
DALI PS, DALI PS1 and DALI PS2 are DALI power supply modules with a rated current of 200 mA or 240 mA (DALI
PS2). The modules differ in their casing design; DALI PS and DALI PS2 are suitable for installation in switching
cabinets; DALI PS1 is suitable for installation in suspended ceilings or cavities.
The interface of a DALI ballast needs a maximum of 2 mA; for 64 individual addresses this means a current of 128 mA.
The remaining 72 mA (or 112 mA in the case of DALI PS2) can be used for supplying DALI control modules without
their own power supply (DALI GC, DALI SC etc.).
DALI PS2 Standby
DALI PS2 Standby also has a built-in relay contact. To reduce standby losses, the built-in relay disconnects the
ballasts from the power supply as soon as all the luminaires have been switched off.
As soon as the DALI PS2 Standby detects that all the luminaires have been switched off it changes to standby mode
after a user-definable delay and controls a built-in relay. With the aid of this relay the connected units can be
disconnected from the power supply via a contactor. Only the DALI control modules are then still in the DALI circuit.
As soon as a DALI control module sends a “Light ON” command the DALI PS2 Standby reverts to normal operating
mode and connects the units back to the power supply. The parameters of the DALI PS2 Standby, such as delay,
monitoring interval etc. can be set using the masterCONFIGURATOR configuration software (V1.12 or higher) (see
Reference list).
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DALI power supply
Figure: Delay and monitoring intervals
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Status request for
the units from the
DALI PS2 Standby
Power
Supply
detects all
units off
Switch-off delay
expires
(parameter: Switch
off delay)
Power Supply
switches to standby
mode (relay is
opened)
"ON" command from a control
module; Power Supply leaves
standby mode (relay closes)
...
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Description
DALI-GC is a module that enables dimming commands to be sent to two groups (groups A and B) on the DALI circuit.
Any standard momentary switch can be connected to the module. Its compact design means that DALI-GC can be
installed together with the standard momentary switches in a flush-mounted box, so set-up of the DALI circuit can be
decentralised. Either individual switches or UP/DOWN switches can be used for controlling the groups. The controlled
groups are set on a rotary switch on the module.
The DALI GC module is multi-master-compatible so several control modules can be used in a DALI circuit. It is also
possible to address and group simple DALI circuits with the aid of DALI-GC.
DALI-GC-A is similar to DALI-GC. The only difference is that the programming mode is not activated in DALI-GC-A.
This prevents the DALI units from being reprogrammed unintentionally via the switches.
Connection
The DALI-GC switch module is connected directly to the DALI control line and does not need a separate power supply.
It is powered via the DALI circuit (current draw = 6 mA). It can be connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
Either single momentary switches or UP/DOWN momentary switches can be used for controlling a group. If a single
switch is used the UP/DOWN connections are simply connected in parallel. It is also possible to operate the two
groups (A and B) with different types of momentary switch; for example group A with UP/DOWN switches and group B
with a single switch.
Figure: DALI-GC momentary switch connection
Single switch connection
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UP/DOWN switch connection
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
½ CAUTION!
The DALI circuit is not SELV. This means that the switches and cabling must be suitable for mains voltage.
The connection leads between the momentary switches and the DALI-GC must not be lengthened!
Basic functions
Switch group on
Connect standard momentary switch (single switch or double switch) to the DALI GC
Press single momentary switch or UP button of double momentary switch briefly
→ Luminaires will be dimmed to maximum
→ Group is switched on
Switch group off
Press single momentary switch or UP button of double momentary switch
→ Luminaires will be switched off
→ Group is switched off
Dimm groups
Hold down single momentary switch or UP/DOWN button of double momentary switch
→ Luminaires will be switched on (if they were switched off before)
→ Luminaires will be dimmed
Overview of switch functions
Table: Momentary switch functions double momentary switch
Depress time UP button
Depress time DOWN button
40 to 300 ms
> 300 ms
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Function
On to max
40 to 300 ms
Off
> 300 ms
On (if necessary) / dim
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Table: Momentary switch functions single switch
Depress time single switch
Function
40 to 300 ms
On to max / Off
> 300 ms
On (if necessary) / dim
Group assignment
A rotary switch on the back of the module is used for group assignment. The switch setting shown corresponds to
group A. Group B is the group immediately following group A.
Table: Group assignment
Rotary switch setting
Group switch 1
Group switch 2
0
Broadcast
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3...9
3...9
4...10
A...F
10...15
11...16
Example:
Rotary switch setting = 3, therefore:
Switch 1 = group 3, switch 2 = group 4
Programming
With the DALI-GC it is also possible to address and configure simple DALI installations. The programming mode is not
integrated in DALI-GC-A so there is no chance of reprogramming the DALI units by mistake via the momentary
switches.
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Start programming mode without deletion of addresses (expansion of the system)
Connect standard momentary switch to DALI GC
Choose a button and hold down (>10 s)
→ A beep will sound
Release button briefly (1s)
→ A beep will sound again
Hold button down (1s)
→ Two beeps will sound
Release button
→ Device switches to programming mode
→ Current settings (group assignment) won't be deleted
Figure: Programming mode without deleting the addresses
Start programming mode with deletion of addresses (new installation)
Connect standard momentary switch to DALI GC
Choose a button and hold down (>10 s)
→ A beep will sound
Release button briefly (1s)
→ A beep will sound again
Hold button down (>3s)
→ Two beeps will sound (after 1s)
→ Three more beeps will sound (after 3s)
Release button
→ Device switches to programming mode
→ Current settings (group assignment) will be deleted
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Figure: Programming mode with deletion of addresses
I NOTICE
In programming mode the system first searches for available DALI devices in the DALI circuit. The devices are
addressed as follows:
In programming mode with deletion all devices will be automatically addressed
In programming mode without deletion only newly detected devices are addressed
During the search operation all the detected luminaires are faded to maximum. When the search has been
completed one luminaire (the one selected) will remain at maximum and all the others will be faded to the lowest
value.
Selecting luminaires
To attach a luminaire to a group, the luminaire must be selected first.
Choose a button of the momentary switch
Press button briefly to select a luminaire
→ Selected luminaire is faded to maximum
→ All other luminaires are dimmed to minimum
Press button again to select another luminaire
I NOTICE
A single luminaire can contain more than one device. If this is the case all devices in the luminaire must be selected
separately.
The luminaires are selected in the sequence in which they are found. When you come to the last luminaire in the
sequence, the next one selected will be the first luminaire in the sequence again. A selected luminaire can now be
assigned to a group.
Assigning a selected luminaire to a group
If a luminaire is assigned to a certain group it reacts to fade commands that come from momentary switches of the
same group. The group assigned can be stored in the selected DALI device.
Make sure that the right luminaire is selected
Choose a button that is assigned to the right group
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Choose a button that is assigned to the right group
Hold button down (>3s)
→ A beep will sound
→ The group assigned will be stored in the DALI device
→ Luminaire will react to fade commands coming from the chosen button
The group assigned to a switch (rotary switch setting) can be stored in the selected DALI device by pressing the
appropriate momentary switch (for longer than 3 seconds; you will hear a beep). This means that the luminaire will then
react to fade commands from this momentary switch.
Figure: Group assignment
Removing a luminaire from a group
Make sure that the right luminaire is selected
Choose a button that is assigned to the right group
Hold button down (>6s)
→ First beep will sound (after 3s)
→ Second beep will sound (after another 3s)
→ The group assigned of the button will be deleted
→ Luminaire will not react anymore to fade commands coming from the chosen button
Figure: Removing a luminaire from a group
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Finish programming mode
Hold button down (>9s)
→ First beep will sound (after 3s)
→ Second beep will sound (after another 3s)
→ Third beep will sound (after another 3s)
Release button
→ Programming mode is finished
→ All buttons in the system are back in their normal state
Figure: Finish programming mode
Example: Multiple independent small offices on the same DALI line
Requirement
On/off switching via switches
Dimming of two groups (window luminaires and corridor luminaires)
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DALI group controllers: DALI GC & GC-A
Figure: Overview of a small office set-up (left room A / right room B)
Table: DALI-GC assignment
Room A
Room B
Window group
Group 1
Group 3
Corridor group
Group 2
Group 4
DALI-GC
Rotary switch setting 1 (Groups 1+2):
Group 1 => Switch for window row
Group 2 => Switch for corridor row
Rotary switch setting 3 (Groups 3+4):
Group 3 => Switch for window row
Group 4 => Switch for corridor row
...
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DALI scene controllers: DALI-SC & SC-A
DALI scene controllers: DALI-SC & SC-A
Description
DALI-SC is a module that enables scene selection commands for up to four scenes (A, B, C, D) to be sent to the DALI
circuit. Any standard momentary switch can be connected to the module. Its compact design means that DALI-SC can
be installed together with the standard momentary switches in a flush-mounted box, so set-up of the DALI circuit can
be decentralised.
The scenes are set on a rotary switch on the module.
The DALI SC module is multi-master-compatible so several control modules can be used in a DALI circuit.
DALI-SC-A is similar to DALI-SC. The only difference is that the programming mode is not activated in DALI-SC-A.
This prevents the DALI units from being reprogrammed unintentionally via the momentary switches.
Connection
The DALI-SC scene module is connected directly to the DALI circuit and does not need a separate power supply. It is
powered via the DALI circuit (current draw = 6 mA). It can be connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
Figure: DALI-SC switch connection
½ CAUTION!
The connection leads between the momentary switches and the DALI-SC must not be lengthened. The DALI circuit
is not SELV. This means that the switches and cabling must be suitable for mains voltage.
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DALI scene controllers: DALI-SC & SC-A
Basic functions
Press momentary switch briefly
→ The scene which is assigned to the momentary switch will be retrieved
A scene is assigned to each of the four momentary switches. The scene selections are broadcast to all the luminaires
on the DALI circuit.
Table: Switch function
Switch depression
Function
40 ms...1 s
Selection of the scene assigned to the switch
Scene assignment
A rotary switch on the back of the module is used for scene assignment. The switch setting shown corresponds to
scene A. Scenes B, C and D immediately follow scene A.
Table: Scene assignment
Rotary switch setting
Scene switch 1
Scene switch 4
Scene switch 3
Scene switch 4
1
1
2
3
4
2
2
3
4
5
3
3
4
5
6
4...9
4...9
5...10
6...11
7...12
A...F
10...15
11...16
12...1
13...2
0
16
1
2
3
Example:
Switch setting = 3, therefore:
Switch 1 = scene 3, switch 2 = scene 4, switch 3 = scene 5, switch 4 = scene 6
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DALI scene controllers: DALI-SC & SC-A
Switch 1 = scene 3, switch 2 = scene 4, switch 3 = scene 5, switch 4 = scene 6
Programming
Save scene
Hold down momentary switch (>10s)
→ A beep will sound
Press momentary switch (1s)
→ Current light value of all luminaires will be stored as scene value
→ Scene number of the momentary switch will be assigned to the scene
→ Scene can be activated with the chosen momentary switch
I NOTICE
The light value can be changed with any DALI control (e.g. DALI GC).
The programming mode is not integrated in DALI-SC-A so there is no chance of reprogramming the DALI units by
mistake via the switches.
Figure: Scene assignment
Example: Conference room
Requirement
On/off switching via switches
Dimming of two groups (linear luminaires and low-voltage halogen spotlights)
Retrieval of user-defined lighting scenes (e.g. the presentation scene)
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DALI scene controllers: DALI-SC & SC-A
Figure: Overview of a conference room set-up
Table: DALI-GC and SC assignment
Conference room
Linear luminaires
Group 1
Halogen spotlights
Group 2
DALI-GC
Rotary switch setting 1 (Groups 1+2):
Group 1 => Switch for linear luminaires
Group 2 => Switch for halogen spotlights
DALI-SC
Rotary switch setting 1 (Scenes 1-4):
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100%
Scene 3 => Presentation
Scene 4 => Meeting
...
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
DALI multi controller: DALI MC
Description
The DALI MC is a multifunctional control module for the DALI circuit. It has four independent inputs with freely
configurable functions. Any standard switches compatible with mains voltage can be connected to the module. It is also
possible to control the inputs of the DALI MC via relays.
There is also the option of providing a power supply monitoring system with the DALI MC. When the power supply
returns a predefined lighting status is retrieved by the DALI MC. Its compact design means that the DALI MC can be
installed together with standard switches in a flush-mounted box. The DALI circuit can therefore be decentralised.
The four inputs are configured by means of masterCONFIGURATOR (see Reference list).
The DALI MC module is multi-master-compatible so several control modules can be used in a DALI circuit.
Connection
The DALI MC switch module is connected directly to the DALI control line and does not need a separate power supply.
It is powered via the DALI circuit (current draw = 6 mA). It can be connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
½ CAUTION!
The connection leads between the switch or button and the DALI MC must not be longer than 50 cm.
The DALI circuit is not SELV. This means that the switches and cabling must be suitable for mains voltage.
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
Function
The behaviour of each of the four inputs can be defined with the aid of the masterCONFIGURATOR software. Possible
settings are:
The input functions as
a push to make switch
a standard switch
a changeover switch
a stairwell switch
a push to make switch that calls up a predefined sequence of DALI commands (macro)
In addition to defining the function you can set further parameters to select the destination address for which the
function is intended (broadcast, group or individual address) and the type of DALI command to be performed.
Example: On/off switch
Destination address
Group 1
Function
Switch
DALI command
“Recall max. Level” when switched on and “OFF” when switched off
Configuration by masterCONFIGURATOR
The masterCONFIGURATOR has its own separate documentation (see Reference list).
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
Table: Explanation of parameters for functions
Function
Description
1) Push-button:
short or long = 1 * command X
Briefly pressing or holding down the push-button will send command X one
time.
2) Push-button:
short = 1 * command X,
long = 1 * command X then 1 *
command Y
» Briefly pressing the push-button will send command X one time.
» Holding down the push-button will send command X once, and then
command Y once.
3) Push-button:
short = 1 * command X,
long = 1 * command X then
repeatedly command Y
» Briefly pressing the push-button will send command X one time.
» Holding down the push-button will send command X once, and then
command Y repeatedly.
4) Push-button:
short = 1* command X,
long = repeatedly command Y
» Briefly pressing the push-button will send command X one time.
» Holding down the push-button will repeatedly send command Y.
5) Push-button (toggle):
short or long = toggle between
command X and Y
Briefly pressing or holding down the push-button will alternate between sending
commands X and Y.
6) Push-button (toggle):
short or long = toggle between
command X and Y,
lighting-based
Briefly pressing or holding down the push-button will alternate between sending
commands X and Y. The command sent in each case depends on the status of
the lighting:
» If the lighting was previously switched off, command X is sent.
» If the lighting was previously switched on, command Y is sent.
SwitchDIM mode
7) Push-button (dimming key):
short = toggle between command » Briefly pressing on the dimming key will alternate between sending
X and Y,
commands X and Y. The command sent in each case depends on the
long = dimming, lighting-based
status of the lighting.
» If the lighting was previously switched off, command X is sent.
» If the lighting was previously switched on, command Y is sent. Holding
down the dimmer switch dims or brightens the lighting.
8) Switch:
close = command X,
open = command Y
» When the switch is closed, command X is sent.
» When the switch is opened, command Y is sent.
9) Changeover switch:
close = command X,
open = command Y,
lighting-based
Each time the switch is pressed, the commands X and Y are sent in alternating
order. The command sent in each case depends on the status of the lighting:
» If the lighting was previously switched off, command X is sent.
» If the lighting was previously switched on, command Y is sent.
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
10) Stairwell function:
close = command X, start run-on
time, run-on time elapsed =
command Y
If the push-button is pressed, command X is sent and the run-on time starts.
Once the run-on time has elapsed, command Y is sent.
Table: Macro description
Macro
Description
Macro 1: Go home
Delayed light off (slow fade down)
Macro 2: MSensor
automatic
Lighting control for the selected DALI MSensor is activated
Macro 3:
Sequential scene
recall
The next scene is called up each time button connected to the input is pressed. At the end of
the sequence the process starts again from the beginning.
Macro 4: Dynamic
scene
Pressing the button calls up a sequence of four scenes. The cross-fade time and dwell time
can be freely defined for each scene.
Macro 5:
DALI-Reset
Reset for the defined devices. As an option all the DALI addresses can be deleted
Macro 6: e-Power
ON Level
Sets the Power ON Level of the DALI ballast to the predefined value. DALI devices that do
not support this function ignore the command
Macro 7: PCA
compatibility
Sets the “PCA compatibility” parameter in PCA EXCEL lp devices of generation xitec I to the
predefined value. DALI devices that do not support this function ignore the command
Macro 8:
User-defined DALI
commands
This macro executes a COT file that can be created by the user.
For an explanation of the commands see Appendix / Important DALI parameters and DALI commands.
Default setting
The DALI MC has the following factory default input settings:
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
Table 3: Default settings
Input 1
Input 2
Input 3
Input 4
Destination
address
Broadcast
Broadcast
Broadcast
Broadcast
Function
Button:
CmdX on press,
repeats CmdY on long
press
Button:
CmdX on press,
repeats CmdY on long
press
Button:
sends CmdX
Macro 2:
MSensor automatic
CmdX
RECALL MAX
OFF
RECALL
SCENE 1
-
CmdY
STEP UP
STEP DOWN
-
-
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
Example: Conference room with DALI MSensor and DALI MC
Requirement
Switch on via momentary switch
Switch off via motion detector (off-only function)
Daylight-dependent control of illuminance
Retrieval of user-defined lighting scenes (e.g. the presentation scene)
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DALI multi controller: DALI MC
Figure: Overview of a conference room set-up
Table: Assignment of DALI MSensor and DALI MC
Controls
Assignment
DALI MSensor
Luminaire group: Group 1
Rotary switch setting 1 (Groups 1):
DALI MC
Input 1:
Destination address: Broadcast
Function: Macro 2: MSensor automatic
Inputs 2-4:
Destination address: Broadcast
Function: Button
Command: Go to Scene 1-3
...
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DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
Description
The DALI-TOUCHPANEL 02 is a multi-functional device for the DALI circuit. It combines the functions of DALI-GC and
DALI-SC in a single module and has six freely definable buttons. The six buttons are configured using the
masterCONFIGURATOR (since V2.6) (see Reference list).
The following configurations are possible:
On/off switching of individual addresses, groups or broadcast
Up/down fading of individual addresses, groups or broadcast
Scene selections
The DALI TOUCHPANEL 02 offers a high degree of design flexibility. The user interface can be customized with
interchangeable layout cards.
The DALI TOUCHPANEL 02 is multi-master-compatible, which means that several control modules can be installed in
parallel in a DALI system.
Via the software masterCONFIGURATOR (since V2.6) it is possible to configure the panel for tunable white
applications. The layout is configurable to control individual addresses, groups or broadcast.
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DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
Connection
The DALI TOUCHPANEL 02 is connected directly to the DALI circuit and does not need a separate power supply. It is
powered via the DALI circuit (current draw = 6 mA in normal operation and 10 mA in service mode). It can be
connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
Basic functions
Figure: Button assignments of the factory layout
1) Scene buttons:
Calling up scenes 1-3
2) Group buttons:
Controlling assigned DALI devices or DALI groups.
Short press: ON, OFF
Long press: Dimming
3) Finder LED:
Red LED to find the panel in the dark.
Long press: LED on/off
Figure: Button assignments of the tunable white layout
1) On-/Off button:
Turning the Light on or OFF
2) Dim whell:
Recall of discrete dim calues by pressing on any position of the dim wheel.
Dimming by sliding along the dim wheel.
3) Finder LED:
Red LED to find the panel in the dark.
Long press: LED on/off
4) Tunable White button:
Change of the color temperature along the planckian locus via the buttons on
the right and left side. Adjusting to 4,500 K by pressing the button in the middle.
Configuration by software
The masterCONFIGURATOR (since V2.6) software can be used to assign each of the buttons on the
DALI-TOUCHPANEL 02. The DALI circuit can also be configured with the masterCONFIGURATOR (addressing,
grouping, etc.). In addition to the masterCONFIGURATOR (since V2.6) software you will need a DALI USB for the
connection between the computer and the DALI circuit.
The masterCONFIGURATOR has its own separate documentation (see Reference list).
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DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
Table: Parameters for the dimming mode
Dimming mode selection
Short press
Long press
Toggle ON/OFF
Toggles between the selected ON command and
OFF command
Dim up only
Ignored
On (if necessary) / fade up
Dim up and on for short press
Perform the selected ON command
On (if necessary) / fade up
Dim down only
Ignored
Fade down
Dim down and off for short
press
Perform the selected OFF command
Fade down
Toggle up/down
Ignored
Toggle between fade up and
fade down
Toggle up/down and on/off for
short press
Toggles between the selected ON command and
OFF command
Toggle between fade up and
fade down
I NOTICE
Selecting ON or OFF in dimming mode not only allows you to switch the lighting on or off, you can also select which
specific command for ON or OFF will be sent. ON and OFF are therefore variables.
Example: Configuring the scene 1 button
Logical address
Broadcast
Dimming mode
toggle ON/OFF
ON/OFF command
ON command: “Go to scene 1” / OFF command: “Go to scene 1”
Each time the button is pressed the command “Go to scene 1” is sent.
Example: Conference room Requirement
Requirements
On/off switching at the door
Dimming of all the lights (broadcast) at the control panel near the window
Retrieval of user-defined lighting scenes (e.g. the presentation scene) at the control panel near the window
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DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
Figure: Overview of a conference room set-up
Table: DALI-SC and TOUCHPANEL assignment
Conference room
Linear luminaires
Group 1
Halogen spotlights
Group 2
DALI-SC
(control panel near door)
Rotary switch position 1 (scene 1-4):
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100%
Scenes 3 and 4 => not used
DALI-TOUCHPANEL
(control panel near window)
Touchpanel layout 1:
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100%
Scene 3 => Presentation
Up button => Fade up both groups
Down button => Fade down both groups
OFF button => Switch off the lighting
...
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DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
Basic, Colour, Plug Operating Modes
Design and functions
In the Basic, Colour and Plug operating mode the x/e-touchPANEL is an operating device and controller for DALI
lighting systems. The x-touch software that is controlled using a colour touch-screen is integrated into the
x/e-touchPANEL. It is possible to use it in combination with comfortDIM series controllers.
The x-touch software provides the following functions:
Operating modes
» Basic for white light applications
» Colour for RGBW applications
» Plug for simple RGBW applications with preconfigured operating devices where the addressing is already
set using coded connectors
Configuration of
» 16 scenes
» 99 light sources
» 7 time-controlled schedules
» 1 calendar-controlled schedule list
» DT 8 (Tunable White)
Real-time clock/calendar
Configuration of the buttons for manual call-up
Design of the buttons for manual call-up
Manual switching and dimming
Frame light and adjustable display light
Communication via interfaces:
» USB
» Ethernet (TCP/IP)
Table: Properties x/e-touchPANEL
Property
x/e-touchPANEL
Number of DALI lines
2
Connection
Maximum 128 DALI operating devices
Bus supply
External
Interfaces
USB, Ethernet
Frame light
yes
Display light
Always ON or automatically dimmed 2 min. after last activation.
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DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
x-touch software
The following explanations will help you understand the x-touch software.
Tale: Designation x-touch software
Designation
Meaning
Operating
device
DALI operating device
Group (G)
The x-touch software communicates with the operating devices (max. 64 per DALI line) via groups
(max. 16).
A group can be switched and dimmed individually. Groups can also include EM, HID, LV, INC,
CONF, LED or Somfy operating devices.
Zone (Z)
Zones are only used in the Colour operating mode. One zone consists of four predefined groups
representing the colours red, green, blue and white.
Scene (S)
A scene is used to save a lighting situation defined by the setting of one or several groups.
Sequence
(SQ)
Several scenes are saved in a time-specific order in a sequence.
Day plan
(SDL)
One or several sequences and/or scenes are saved in a time-specific order in a schedule. A
schedule starts automatically every 24 hours at a preset time of the day.
Week plan
(SDLL)
Each schedule is assigned to one weekday. In this way, a schedule list is created for the
calendar-controlled, uninterruptible automation of lighting situations.
Scheduler
When Scheduler is activated, it appears in the Home menu and enables a sequence, schedule list
and schedule to be controlled manually (Start, Pause, Stop and Off).
Basic operating mode
Typical application examples for the Basic operating mode are rooms where mostly white light is used, e.g. public
rooms, production halls, restaurants and hotels.
You can define a maximum of
16 groups with a total of 128 devices
16 scenes
99 sequences
7 schedules
1 schedule list
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DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
Colour operating mode
All colours of the RGB colour space are the result of the addition of the basic colours red, green and blue (RGB). For a
better representation of white light an additional white light source is used (RGBW colour mixing).The colour control of
a lighting system is performed in the Colour operating mode. The Colour operating mode is different from the standard
Basic operating mode with respect to the grouping of the operating devices.
In the x-touch software, each RGB-/RGBW operating device is assigned to the colour scale (red, green, blue, white) of
a zone. Four zones with 4 colour scales are available. The colour scale of a zone corresponds to a group. In the Home
menu, the white light can be switched and dimmed via groups 1 to 4.
The table shows the assignment of the 16 groups to the four colours of the individual zones. Zone assignment is
automatically controlled by the software.
W(hite)
R(ed)
G(reen)
B(lue)
Zone 1
1
5
6
7
Zone 2
2
8
9
10
Zone 3
3
11
12
13
Zone 4
4
14
15
16
Typical application examples for the Colour operating mode are rooms where mainly RGBW operating devices are
used to implement freely design colour changes and colour effects, e.g. in shop windows, bars and exhibition spaces.
You can define a maximum of
4 zones with the 4 colours red, green, blue and white with a total of 128 devices
16 scenes for white light
8 colour scenes
99 sequences
7 schedules
1 schedule list
Plug operating mode
With the Plug operating mode only one zone is used with the groups 1-4. The groups represent the colours red, green,
blue and white. The assignment to a group is done via a connector on the operating device. The classification into
scenes is not possible.
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DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
Emergency Operating Mode
Design and functions
Up to 120 DALI emergency units can be controlled and monitored with the x/e-touchPANEL in Emergency operating
mode. In addition, the emergency lighting tests prescribed in the relevant standards can be performed automatically.
The test results are recorded in a log file for verification.
The x/e-touchPANEL with a colour touch-screen provides the following functions for operating the emergency units:
Addressing and grouping
Identification
Manual tests
Time-controlled function and duration tests
User-friendly software
A frame light is integrated in the x/e-touchPANEL. It supports the status line of the system.
Use with Emergency operating mode
The x/e-touchPANEL in Emergency operating mode may only be used for controlling the emergency lighting of single
battery powered emergency lighting systems. It can control a maximum of 120 emergency units.
Only the following emergency lighting modules may be connected:
EM PRO
EM powerLED PRO
Connection
The x/e-touchPANEL 02 is directly connected to the DALI circuit. The DALI x/e-touchPANEL02 has a current draw of 2
mA in the DALI circuit. The unit must be connected to the ac power supply via the supplied power supply unit.
Wiring diagram. Basic, Colour, Plug Operating Modes
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DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02
Wiring diagram: Emergency Operating Mode
I NOTICE
For more information on x-touchBOX and x-touchPANEL see the relevant operating instructions and data sheets
(see Reference list).
...
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DALI sequencer module: DALI SQM
DALI sequencer module: DALI SQM
Description
The SQM sequencer module enables a predefined time-controlled sequence to run automatically. The DALI SQM
constantly sends DALI signals with the set “step time”. These are broadcast-addressed scene calls. DALI scenes 0 to
15 can be called up. The end scene, after which scene 0 is called up again, can be programmed and set to DALI scene
7 on delivery. This means that a sequence of eight scenes is recalled.
Connection
The DALI SQM is connected directly to the DALI circuit and does not need a separate power supply. It is powered via
the DALI circuit (current draw = 9 mA).
It can be connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
Basic functions
Start sequence DALI SQM
Connect a floating contact / switch
Press switch
→ Sequence is started
Set delay time
Turn rotary switch to desired position (shortest time: 1 second, longest time: 30 minutes)
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DALI sequencer module: DALI SQM
Set number of scenes in the sequence
Press UP button to increase number of scenes in the sequence by one
Press DOWN button to decrease number of scenen in the sequence by one
Hold DOWN button down to save number of scenes
I NOTICE
By default 8 scenes are preset. A maximum of 16 scenes can be set.
Switch off light
Hold DOWN button down to switch off the connected luminaires
The DALI SQM is activated via a floating contact. When the contact is closed the module is active and continually
sends DALI scene calls. The delay time between the scene calls (step time) can be set on a rotary switch on the
module (shortest time 1 second, longest time 30 minutes). A switch on the module allows you to select the scene after
which the sequence starts from the beginning again. The brightness values for the different scenes are set with the
DALI GC and SC or via the masterCONFIGURATOR.
Cross-fade the DALI SQM
Cross-fading from scene to scene is determined by the fade time of the DALI ballasts. The range is from 0.7 seconds
to 90.5 seconds and is set via the masterCONFIGURATOR software. For more information on setting the fade time
please refer to the operating instructions for the masterCONFIGURATOR (see Reference list).
Figure: DALI SQM cross-fade
I NOTICE
If the step time is less than the fade time the next scene will be selected even if the scene has not been completed.
...
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DALI MSensor 02
DALI MSensor 02
Description
The DALI MSensor 02 is a digital controller in the comfortDIM product range that can be used to control the control
gear of a DALI group collectively. The sensor combines three functions in one control device:
Constant light control
Presence-based control
Remote control
The DALI MSensor 02 is is available in four different housing designs:
Fitted in luminaire
Recessed into ceiling
Surface-mounted
Box-mounted
The DALI MSensor 02 is designed for the following principal applications:
Individual offices
Open-plan offices
Training/presentation rooms
Corridors, passageways and garages
The DALI MSensor 02 either controls all the units on the DALI circuit or a DALI group. The DALI MSensor 02 is
Multi-master compatible, i.e. it can be used in conjunction with other DALI controllers in the comfortDIM product range.
This allows the DALI MSensor 02 to be addressed and grouped in the same way as DALI control gear and makes it
easy to configure the system.
The DALI MSensors 02 is configured in the masterCONFIGURATOR software (V2.02. or later) (see Reference list).
Connection
The DALI MSensor 02 is connected directly to the DALI circuit and does not need a separate power supply. It is
powered via the DALI circuit (current draw = 6 mA). It can be connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
Functions
The DALI MSensor 02 has the following functions and user interfaces:
Constant light control by means of ambient light sensor
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DALI MSensor 02
Constant light control by means of ambient light sensor
Presence-based control by means of PIR motion sensor or presence detector
Remote control via an infrared input for two different IR remote controls
Individual office rooms
Requirements
Switch on and switch off by means of momentary-action switch
Switch off by means of motion sensor
Ambient light control of illuminance
Figure: Overview of individual office rooms
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DALI MSensor 02
Table: Grouping/configuration
MSensor
DALI MC
Room A
Room B
Group 0 (switch position 1)
Group 1 (switch position 2)
Configuration:
Scene 0: Automatic control
Configuration:
Scene 1: Automatic control
The DALI MC is used to switch on light control and
to switch off the lighting
» Activation of light control with scene recall
» Switch off with OFF
The DALI MC is used to switch on light control and
to switch off the lighting
» Activation of light control with scene recall
» Switch off with OFF
Configuration of input 1:
Target: Group 0
Function: Momentary-action switch
Command X: Recall scene 0
Configuration of input 1:
Target: Group 1
Function: Momentary-action switch
Command X: Recall scene 1
Configuration of input 2:
Target: Group 0
Function: Momentary-action switch
Command X: OFF
Configuration of input 2:
Target: Group 1
Function: Momentary-action switch
Command X: OFF
Corridor
Requirements
Switch on and switch off using motion sensor
Ambient light control of illuminance
Corridor and staircase are separately controlled
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DALI MSensor 02
Figure: Overview of a corridor set-up
Table: Grouping
MSensor
Corridor
Staircase
Group 0 (switch position 1)
Group 1 (switch position 2)
I NOTICE
In order to enlarge the presence detection area, several DALI MSensors 02 are installed in the corridor. All these
sensors must be assigned to the same luminaire group. If there are multiple DALI MSensors 02 in a group, light
control behaves as follows:
the light value is raised until it is no longer less than the setpoint value at any of the sensors.
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DALI USB
DALI USB
The DALI USB is used as an interface between a standard computer (PC) with a USB port and the DALI circuit. It
enables complex DALI installations to be addressed and programmed via configuration tools such as
masterCONFIGURATOR.
Connection
The DALI USB is connected directly to the DALI circuit and does not need a separate power supply. It is powered via
the DALI circuit (current draw = 6 mA). It can be connected to the DALI circuit with either polarity.
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Designing a DALI application
Designing a DALI application
This section is intended to simplify the planning and configuration of DALI installations. Using examples from the
Application Guide it discusses the typical requirements of a DALI system and the special features of Tridonic products.
The following two aspects deserve special attention when designing a DALI application.
The conceptual aspect: What characteristics must the application have? Should there be daylight-dependent
control? Are special lighting scenes or colour applications required? ...
The technical aspect: What is possible with DALI? What are the limitations of DALI and how do these affect the
application? ...
In most cases, the prime consideration will be the conceptual aspect. What are the characteristics of the lighting
application and what requirements and criteria should they meet? You will then consider the technical aspect and
attempt to find the right products to meet these criteria.
The technical aspect of the DALI installation is closely associated with the planning process.
The key to a successful DALI installation starts with the installation plan. The installation plan should contain the
following points:
The position of all the DALI devices (including the device type and device name)
The grouping of the DALI devices
The DALI short address (optional); in some installations it makes sense to define the address at the planning
stage
The wiring of the DALI circuit including the junction boxes (if there are multiple DALI circuits it is best to colour
code them)
The cable lengths for each DALI circuit
Conventional wiring or DALI
If a requirement profile calls for flexible lighting control in which the assignment of the luminaires and control gear can
be changed this must be defined in every detail before the installation phase. For conventional lighting management
(without DALI) planners have to take into account all the possible lighting control options before work actually
commences. Conventional planning would provide for multiple control lines per room section to cover all the possible
options.
With DALI all the lighting control options remain open even after the installation is complete and changes are needed
to a particular control variant (planning security). There are no additional costs for multiple control lines or rewiring
control lines. The decision to opt for DALI or a conventional control system depends on the functionality required and
the flexibility with which the lighting system is to be controlled.
Design considerations
A number of points deserve special attention when designing a DALI application.
Maximum of 64 DALI devices per DALI circuit
Maximum of 16 DALI groups per DALI circuit
Maximum of 16 DALI scenes per DALI circuit
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Designing a DALI application
Maximum of 16 DALI scenes per DALI circuit
The current on the DALI circuit must not exceed the maximum current of the power supply (DALI PS/PS1 =
200mA or DALI PS2 = 240mA).
The maximum cable length depends on the maximum permitted voltage drop along the DALI cable; this is
defined as 2 V max. This corresponds to a maximum cable length of 300 m for a line cross-section of 1.5 mm²;
contact resistance must also be taken into account. A voltage drop of 2V must not be exceeded.
The recommended minimum cable cross-section is 1.5 mm²
Current draw of the DALI circuit
Each device in the DALI circuit consumes current via the DALI circuit. The total current draw on the DALI circuit must
not exceed the maximum current of the DALI power supply.
To determine the current draw of a DALI circuit both the current draw of the DALI devices and the current draw of the
DALI controllers must be taken into consideration. The current draw of a DALI device is defined in the DALI standard
as 2 mA. The current draw of the individual DALI controllers (ComfortDIM devices) is shown in the relevant data
sheets.
It is important that the current draw of the DALI circuit does not exceed the maximum current of the power supply. In
the case of DALI-PS and DALI-PS1 this is 200 mA.
Example: DALI circuit with 24 dimmable ballasts (PCA EXCEL), 3 DALI-GC and 3 DALI-SC
Current draw of the individual DALI components (from the data sheet):
Dimmable ballasts (PCA EXCEL) = 2 mA
Group controllers (DALI-GC) = 6 mA
Scene controllers (DALI-SC) = 6 mA
Total current = Σ Current draw of DALI devices + Σ Current draw of DALI controllers
Total current = 24 x ballasts + 3 x DALI GC + 3 x DALI SC
Total current = 24 x 2 mA + 3 x 6 mA + 3 x 6 mA = 84 mA
Maximum cable length
The maximum cable length depends on the maximum permitted voltage drop along the DALI cable; this is defined as 2
V max. Typically, this requirement is safely met for a cable length of 300 m and a cable cross-section of 1.5 mm².
Additional voltage drops at terminal points must be taken into consideration. For cross-sections smaller than 1.5 mm²
the maximum cable length is reduced accordingly.
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Designing a DALI application
Calculating the voltage drop
The formula for calculating the voltage drop is as follows:
Uv
Voltage drop in V
I
Current in A (0.25 A)
S
Cross section in mm2
l
Cable length in m
γ
Electrical conductivity in m / (Ω mm2),
for copper cable: 56 m / (Ω mm2)
I NOTICE
The maximum current of 250 mA must be used for calculating the voltage drop.
Example: DALI circuit with a cable length of 300 m and a cable cross-section of 1.5 mm²
Exact result:
This example shows that:
for a cable length of 300 m the voltage drop along the cable is 1.786 V
a further voltage drop of 0.214 V is available for terminal points (contact resistance)
Rule of thump:
As it is somewhat tricky to calculate the cable length based on the voltage drop the rule of thumb is as follows:
If a cross-section of 1.5 mm² is used, the maximum cable length is 300 m.
If a smaller cross-section is used the possible cable length is reduced accordingly.
I NOTICE
Tridonic recommends always using a cable cross-section of 1,5 mm² for DALI control lines.
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Designing a DALI application
Wiring
The following points must be considered:
Figure: Typical texture of used wires
DALI systems are installed using conventional wiring material for line voltage.
Two wires are needed for the DALI control circuit.
The line voltage and bus line may be routed in the same cable. This corresponds to a 5-core cable (L, N, PE,
DA, DA)
I NOTICE
According to DIN VDE 0100/T520/Part 6, main circuits and associated auxiliary circuits may be laid together even if
the auxiliary circuits carry a lower voltage than the main circuits. Make sure to use cable designed to take the
maximum operating voltage.
Figure: Different polarity of DALI lines
There is no need to worry about the polarity of the DALI line.
The DALI signal is not SELV. The installation instructions for low voltage therefore apply
There are no special network topology requirements (star and mixed networking are permitted)
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Designing a DALI application
Figure: Maximum values of DALI lines
(1)
(2)
(3)
Maximum current: I < I Powersupply
Maximum voltage drop: Uv = 2 V
Maximum line length: L = 300 m
The maximum length of the DALI line is 300 m (for a cable cross-section of 1.5 mm²). For smaller cross-sections the
length is reduced accordingly.
The voltage drop along the DALI control line must not exceed 2 V.
...
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Designing a DALI application
Sample applications
Conference room
Application
Conference room for about 10 people
Requirement
The lighting in the room consists of 6 linear luminaires and 2 LED downlights. The requirements for control are as
follows:
The luminaire should be switched and controlled at either of two control points.
There should be a section of different lighting scenarios (e.g. presentation)
The luminaires must be capable of being dimmed
Solution with DALI GC and DALI SC
The room is divided into two groups, one for the LED downlights and the other for the linear luminaires.
There are two switching points available.
One by the door for switching the lighting on and off. This is implemented with a DALI SC with the scenes “Lighting on”
and “Lighting off”. The second by the window is implemented with a DALI SC and a DALI GC and enables any of four
scenes to be retrieved and both luminaire groups to be individually dimmed.
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Designing a DALI application
Figure: Installation for conference room without wiring
Table: Parts list
Pos.
Qty
Article name
1
1
DALI power supply
DALI PS / PS1
2
2
DALI scene controller
DALI SC
3
1
DALI group controller
DALI GC
4
6
DALI ECG for linear luminaire
PCA EXCEL one4all xitec II
5
2
DALI LED control gear for LED downlights
LCAI ECO one4all
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Designing a DALI application
Table: DALI checklist
DALI condition
Planned/present
Maximum of 64 DALI ECGs
8 DALI devices
Maximum of 16 groups
2 groups
Maximum of 16 scenes
4 scenes
DALI circuit current < Rated power supply current
34 mA
Line length < 300 m (for 1.5mm²)
approx. 20m
5 wires to each luminaire
5 x 1.5mm²
DALI control gear in luminaire
Tridonic PCA EXCEL one4all xitec II
Figure: Installation for Conference room with wiring
Grouping
The luminaires can be grouped in either of two ways. With the DALI GC itself or with the masterCONFIGURATOR
configuration software (see Reference list).
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Designing a DALI application
Table: Grouping
Conference room
Downlights
Group 1
Linear luminaires
Group 2
DALI GC
Switch position = 1 (Group 1+2):
Group 1 => Switch for downlights
Group 2 => Switch for linear luminaires
Scene assignment
Scenes are called up from two locations. Directly next to the door there is a double switch for switching the light on and
off. The control point next to the screen can also be used to switch the light on and off. In addition, two further
user-defined scenes (e.g. presentation) can be called up.
Here too the scenes can be set up in two ways, with the DALI SC or with the masterCONFIGURATOR configuration
software (see Reference list).
Table: Scene assignment
DALI SC
Control point near door
Control point near screen
Switch position = 1 (Scenes 1-4):
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100%
Scenes 3 and 4 not wired
Switch position = 1 (Scenes 1-4):
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100%
Scene 3 => Presentation
Scene 4 => Meeting
...
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Designing a DALI application
Open-plan office
Application
Office with 6 workstations plus cabinets.
Each desk has 2 workstations.
Requirement
The lighting consists of 3 rows of luminaires, 2 rows above the workstations and 1 in the walkway and cabinet area.
The requirements for control are as follows:
On/off switching via motion sensors
Daylight-dependent control of illuminance
Manual control via DALI TOUCHPANEL
Figure: Installation for Open-plan office without wiring
Solution with DALI MSensor 02
The room is divided into 4 groups, 3 for the workstation islands and 1 for walkway and cabinet area lighting. The 3
groups for the workstation islands are each controlled with a DALI MSensor 02. The fourth group is controlled with 3
DALI MSensor 02 (increased presence detection area).
Each workstation island and the walkway lighting is independently controlled (presence detection and ambient light
control).
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Designing a DALI application
Table: Parts list
Pos.
Qty
Article name
1
1
DALI power supply
DALI PS / PS1
2
2
DALI touchpanel
DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
3
3
DALI MSensor 02
DALI MSensor 02 (5DPI 41 rc)
4
18
DALI control gear for linear luminaires
PCA EXCEL one4all xitec II
Table: DALI checklist
DALI condition
Planned / present
Maximum of 64 DALI ECGs
18 DALI devices
Maximum of 16 groups
4 groups
Maximum of 16 scenes
DALI circuit current < Rated power supply current
66 mA
Line length < 300 m (for 1.5mm²)
approx. 50 m
5 wires to each luminaire
5 x 1.5mm²
DALI ECG in luminaire
Tridonic PCA EXCEL one4all xitec II
Figure: Installation for open-plan office with wiring
Grouping
The luminaires can be grouped in either of two ways. With the DALI RC (see DALI MSensor 02 operating instructions)
or with the masterCONFIGURATOR software (see Reference list).
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Designing a DALI application
Table: Grouping
Workstation island 1
Workstation island 2
Workstation island 3
Walkway / cabinet
lighting
Luminaires
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
DALI MSensor
02
Rotary switch position
=1
Luminaire group 1
Rotary switch position
=2
Luminaire group 2
Rotary switch position
=3
Luminaire group 3
...
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Start-up
Start-up
There are various ways of putting a DALI application into operation. Some of the comfortDIM products have the option
of putting small (single-room) applications directly into operation. One of these products is the DALI GC.
With the DALI x-touchPANEL it is easy to set up the parameters even for medium-size applications.
For information on how these products can be used to set the parameters of a DALI circuit, please refer to Section 3 of
this manual or to the operating instructions for the relevant product.
For large DALI applications the simplest way to set up the DALI circuit is to use the masterCONFIGURATOR software.
These two programs can be downloaded free of charge from the homepage at www.tridonic.com. In addition the DALI
USB is needed for connecting the DALI circuit to a computer.
Before you get started
Before starting the set-up process, make sure the DALI ballasts are connected to the power supply and to the DALI
circuit. If there is more than one DALI circuit you should also check that the ballasts are connected to the right DALI
circuit.
Are all the ballasts connected to the power supply?
Check the power connection by switching on the circuit breaker. All the DALI ballasts should go to the
“Power-On-Level” (factory setting 100%)
Are all the ballasts connected to the (right) DALI circuit?
There are various ways of testing the circuit. You can test the installation with a DALI GC set to Broadcast. The
GC is used here to activate the DALI circuit and check whether all the devices in the DALI circuit switch on.
If masterCONFIGURATOR is used for setting up the DALI installation there is also the option of checking whether all
the ballasts are connected to the right DALI circuit.
...
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Start-up
Sample set-up for a conference room
This section uses the example of the conference room from Chapter 4 to show how a DALI application can be put into
operation with the aid of masterCONFIGURATOR in six easy steps.
The conference room contains 8 DALI luminaires, two DALI SC units, one DALI GC unit and one
DALI Power Supply. The rotary switches on the DALI SC and GC have already been set to the correct position during
installation. The luminaires are connected to the power supply and to the DALI circuit.
Solution with DALI GC and DALI SC
The room is divided into two groups, one for the low-voltage halogen downlights and the other for the linear luminaires.
There are two switching points available.
One by the door for switching the lighting on and off. This is implemented with a DALI SC with the scenes “Lighting on”
and “Lighting off”. The second by the window is implemented with a DALI-SC and a DALI-GC and enables any of four
scenes to be retrieved and both luminaire groups to be individually dimmed.
Figure: Installation for conference room without wiring
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Start-up
Table: Parts list
Pos.
Qty
Article name
1
1
DALI power supply
DALI PS / PS1
2
2
DALI scene controller
DALI SC
3
1
DALI group controller
DALI GC
4
6
DALI ECG for linear luminaire
PCA EXCEL one4all xitec II
5
2
DALI LED control gear for LED downlights
LCAI ECO one4all
6
1
DALI emergency control gear for linear luminaire
EM PRO
7
1
DALI emergency control gear for emergency sign
EM powerLED PRO
Table: Grouping
Conference room
Downlights
Group 1
Linear luminaires
Group 2
DALI GC
Switch position = 1 (Group 1+2):
Group 1 => Switch for downlights
Group 2 => Switch for linear luminaires
Scene assignment
Scenes are called up from two locations. Directly next to the door there is a double switch for switching the light on and
off. The control point next to the screen can also be used to switch the light on and off. In addition, two further
user-defined scenes (e.g. presentation) can be called up.
DALI SC
Control point near door
Control point near screen
Switch position = 1 (Scenes 1-4):
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100 %
Scenes 3 and 4 not wired
Switch position = 1 (Scenes 1-4):
Scene 1 => Light off
Scene 2 => Light 100 %
Scene 3 => Presentation
Scene 4 => Meeting
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Start-up
Installation
The DALI circuit is installed using standard installation material for mains voltage. The mains voltage and DALI line
may be routed in the same cable. There is therefore no need for a separate bus line, but one can be used if required.
Figure: Wiring diagram
DALI USB is needed only for set-up with masterCONFIGURATOR and can then be removed.
Installing and connecting DALI GC
Standard switches can be used for installing DALI GC. DALI GC is installed directly in a flush-mounted box,
underneath or behind the light switch. Power is supplied to DALI GC via the bus line. It must not be connected to the
ac power supply. The switches are connected directly to DALI GC (floating make contacts).
Turn rotary switch to position 1
→ Group 1 is assigned to Switch T1
→ Group 2 is assigned to Switch T2
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Start-up
Figure: Up and down switch connections (left) and single switch connection (right)
Figure: Installing a DALI GC (A, B switch module; C DALI GC; D flush-mounted box)
Installing and connecting DALI SC
Standard switches can be used for installing DALI SC. DALI SC is installed directly in a flush-mounted box, underneath
or behind the light switch. Power is supplied to DALI SC via the bus line. It must not be connected to the ac power
supply. The switches are connected directly to DALI SC (floating make contacts).
Turn the rotary switches on the two DALI SCs to position 1.
→ Scene 1, 2, 3 and 4 are assigned to Switch T1, T2, T3 and T4
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Start-up
Figure: Installing a DALI SC (A, B switch module; C DALI SC; D flush-mounted box)
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Start-up
Setting up without software
An application with two DALI SCs and one DALI GC enables the installation to be set up without software.
Step 1: Enter programming mode on the DALI GC (new installation)
DALI GC switches to programming mode and addresses the DALI ballasts.
After the addressing cycle the DALI ballast with the first address is switched to 100%, and all the others to the “Min.
Level” parameter
Step 2: Grouping the luminaires with the aid of DALI GC
Select the first luminaire => assign the right group to the selected luminaire
Select the next luminaire => assign the right group to the selected luminaire
This process is repeated until all eight luminaires have been assigned to the 2 groups.
Step 3: Exiting the DALI GC programming mode
Step 4: Saving the scene values
Fade the two DALI groups to the required brightness value of scene 1 and save the value by pressing scene button 1
for 10 seconds. Repeat this procedure for the other scenes.
When you have completed these four steps the set-up process is complete and the system is ready for use.
What are the limits of manual set-up?
With manual set-up it is possible to put small applications into operation. As the systems increase in size, so the set-up
process becomes more and more complex. It is therefore best to use masterCONFIGURATOR (see Reference list) to
put these systems into operation.
Manual set-up is not as flexible as set-up using a software tool. For example, a scene can only be set to the same
value for an entire group (e.g. Group 1: 80% and Group 2: 20%). It is not possible to set different scene values within a
group. Systems with DALI control modules such as DALI MC and DALI TOUCHPANEL can only be set up with the aid
of a software tool.
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Start-up
Setting up with masterCONFIGURATOR
The masterCONFIGURATOR enables the wiring of the DALI circuit to be tested, the devices to be addressed and the
group and scene settings to be completed, all in 5 easy steps. The masterCONFIGURATOR has its own separate
documentation (see Reference list).
Preparation
Before you can start setting up with masterCONFIGURATOR the DALI circuit must be linked to the computer via a
DALI USB.
Open the masterCONFIGURATOR to view the main window of the masterCONFIGURATOR. You can access all the
parameterisation and configuration options from this program window. Some options open further windows.
Step 1: Testing the wiring
This step checks that the wiring is correct for the installation.
After the test has been started the DALI commands “Recall min. Level” and “Recall max. Level” are sent alternately to
all the devices in the DALI circuit, causing the connected devices to flash.
This test determines whether communication is working properly in the DALI circuit and whether all the devices in the
DALI circuit are connected.
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Start-up
Select “Start Test”
→The 8 DALI luminaires start to flash, which means that installation has been successfully completed.
Pressing the button again cancels the test
Step 2: Finding devices
Start the Addressing Wizard
Select “System extension” or “new initialisation"
Select “new initialisation”
Press “Next” to start the addressing process
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Start-up
Step 3: Testing the addresses
Testing the addresses involves the devices being switched on one after the other with all the other devices switched
off.
The process is repeated when the last address is reached.
This function can be used to check whether the addresses are assigned as required.
Step 4: Grouping the devices
In this step the various ballasts are assigned to the DALI groups.
Chose and highlight relevant device
Click “Add >>" to add device to the group
If necessary: Click "<< Remove" to remove device from group again
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Start-up
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Show selection:
The highlighted luminaire is switched
to 100%, the others to the minimum
fade value
Group
selection:
Selection of
the DALI
group
Device
container:
Available
DALI
devices
Add/remove:
Adds the highlighted
device to the group or
removes it.
Group container:
Overview of the
devices assigned to
the group
We assign the two downlights to Group 1 and the linear luminaires to Group 2
Ticking the “Show selection” checkbox causes the luminaire highlighted in masterCONFIGURATOR to light up
and enables the luminaires to be easily assigned to the DALI groups
→ During addressing the luminaires received the DALI addresses entered in the circles for example (random
addressing)
(1)
(2)
Linear Luminaires:
Drag luminaires with addresses 1, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 to
Group 2
Downlights:
Drag the luminaires with addresses 2 and 4 to
Group 1
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Maintenance and troubleshooting
Step 5: Assigning scenes
In the “Assign scenes” step dimming values for the various DALI groups can be assigned to the 16 DALI scenes of the
DALI circuit. Clicking on the “Assign scene” button transfers the values to the relevant ballasts.
Setting parameters:
Scene 1: Group 1 = 0 %, Group 2 = 0 %
Scene 2: Group 1 = 100 %, Group 2 = 100 %
Scene 3: Group 1 = 50 %, Group 2 = 20 %
Scene 4: Group 1 = 10 %, Group 2 = 10 %
and then press “Assign scenes”
This concludes the process of setting parameters for the application. Detailed informationen about the
masterCONFIGURATOR can be found in the manual of the tool (see Reference list).
Figure: Example scenes
Scene 2 (100 %, 100 %)
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Scene 3 (50%, 20%)
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Maintenance and troubleshooting
Maintenance and troubleshooting
Failure of a DALI ballast
DALI is based to a large extent on distributed intelligence, which means that the addresses and parameters such as
group assignment and scene values are stored in the DALI ballasts. If a ballast fails, these parameters must be reset in
the replacement ballast. DALI ballasts straight from the factory are not programmed with any addresses, group
assignments or scene values.
The simplest option is to use masterCONFIGURATOR:
Replace the faulty ballast with a new ballast
Address the ballast with the function “System expansion” or “Only address new (not yet addressed) devices”.
The lowest free DALI short address is automatically assigned to the new DALI ballast. Since there is an address
missing in the circuit (that of the faulty ballast), it is automatically given the address of the old ballast. If several
devices are faulty their replacements are randomly assigned the free addresses.
Reprogram the group assignments and scene values.
Exceeding the maximum cable length or short-circuits in the DALI
circuit
There are certain points that deserve special attention when designing a DALI application. These include the limit on
the current in the DALI circuit and the limit on the cable length due to the maximum permissible voltage drop on the
DALI line.
What happens if these limits are exceeded?
The system does not then behave as it should and some strange phenomena occur.
For example:
DALI devices react to broadcast commands but cannot be found during addressing
Not all the DALI devices connected to the DALI circuit are found.
Different numbers of devices are found at successive addressing processes.
The devices do not react reliably to DALI commands.
The commonest problems in a DALI installation result from the maximum voltage drop in the circuit being exceeded
and from a short-circuit somewhere on the DALI line. But how is the voltage drop in the DALI circuit measured?
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Maintenance and troubleshooting
Measuring the voltage drop in a DALI circuit
Proceed as follows:
Check that all the DALI devices are functioning properly.
Make sure there is no communication on the DALI line.
Measure the voltage at the DALI power supply.
» The value must be between 11.5 V and 22.5 V; a typical value is 16 V.
» A much lower value may indicate a short-circuit.
Measure the voltage at the DALI device furthest from the DALI power supply.
» The value must be between 9.5 V and 20.5 V.
» A much lower value indicates that there is a short-circuit somewhere.
Create a short-circuit between DA and DA at the DALI device furthest from the DALI power supply.
Measure the voltage at the DALI power supply.
» The value that you measure is the DALI voltage drop.
» This value must not be higher than 2 V.
» If it is higher than 2 V, check whether any of the following have occurred:
» The DALI line is too long (more than 300 m at 1.5 mm2)
» The cross-section is too small
» High contact resistance
» The value must be brought down below 2 V.
Remove the short-circuit between DA and DA on the DALI device furthest from the DALI power supply.
Possible solution: DALI Repeater
If the voltage drop is greater than 2 V, a possible solution is to use a DALI Repeater
A DALI Repeater is not the right answer in every situation; its use depends to a large extent on the wiring. First, the
wiring of the DALI circuit must be checked. This solution should only be used if no other solution is practical. Above all,
you must find out why the system has not been working properly up to now. Make sure that you will not be faced with
the same problem again.
A DALI Repeater can help
If the DALI cable is longer than 300 m with a cross-section of 1.5 mm 2.
If the cross-section is too small.
½ CAUTION
Please read the data sheet carefully before using a DALI repeater.
Example: DALI circuit with a voltage drop greater than 2 V
In this example the DALI voltage drop is well above the limit of 2 V. The DALI line is too long.
It is 470 m instead of the permitted 300 m.
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Maintenance and troubleshooting
Example: Two DALI circuits with a voltage drop less than 2 V
The DALI circuit is divided into two when a DALI repeater is used. The two circuits are now both below the maximum
permitted DALI voltage drop of 2 V. The voltage drop must be measured in both circuits (at the two DALI power
supplies). Two additional components are required – a DALI PS and a DALI repeater.
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Maintenance and troubleshooting
Double addressing problem at set-up
In rare cases more than one DALI device may have the same short address. If a DALI command is sent to such a short
address the devices will react simultaneously. It will not be possible to address just one device; all the devices with the
same short address will always react together. It will not be possible to get the correct response from these devices.
What can cause double addressing problems?
The problem may occur very rarely as a result of the normal addressing algorithm.
DALI lines that have already been addressed are connected to one another.
A faulty DALI device is replaced with a device that has already been addressed.
After addressing, the number of addressed devices is shown. This number (DALI short addresses) must be the same
as the number of connected devices. If there are fewer addresses than connected devices the DALI circuit must be
re-addressed.
masterCONFIGURATOR provides a way of identifying any double addressing problems. It shows if a device does not
send back a clear response. Unknown devices or false device information also indicate double addressing or a faulty
device.
If double addressing has occurred the DALI circuit must be readdressed (select the option “new installation”). This
action deletes all existing addressed and reassigns them.
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Annex
Annex
Technical features of a DALI circuit
Maximum no. of DALI units: 64
Maximum no. of DALI groups: 16
Maximum no. of DALI scenes:16
DALI voltage: 9.5 V – 22.5 V, typically 16 V
DALI system current: Max. 250 mA (depending on the installed DALI power supply)
Data transfer rate: 1200 baud
Maximum cable length: The maximum cable length depends on the maximum permitted voltage drop along the
DALI cable; this is defined as 2 V max. This corresponds to a maximum cable length of 300 m for a line
cross-section of 1.5 mm².
½ CAUTION!
When calculating the maximum cable length the contact resistance must also be taken into account.
A voltage drop of 2V must not be exceeded.
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Annex
Important DALI parameters and DALI commands
Table: Important DALI ballast parameters
DALI parameter
Description
Actual Level
Current brightness value of the ballast
Maximum Level
Maximum brightness value – this value cannot be exceeded when fading up
Minimum Level
Minimum brightness value – this value cannot be undershot when fading down
Power ON Level
Brightness value to which the DALI ballast switches when the power supply is switched on.
System Failure
Level
Brightness value to which the DALI ballast switches when a fault is detected in the DALI circuit
(e.g. interruption or short-circuit on the DALI line)
Fade Time
Time in seconds for fading from the current brightness value to the new brightness value (for
DAP commands and scene calls)
Fade Rate
Fade steps per second that are performed in response to an indirect fade command (Up and
Down commands)
Scene registers
1-16
These registers are where the brightness values for the individual scenes are stored.
Group register
This register is where the group assignment of the DALI ballast is stored.
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Annex
Table: Important DALI commands
DALI command
Description
Light level
(DAP)
Recalls the light value specified in the command. (The Fade Time parameter is used as the
cross-fade time)
DAP 0 means: Switch off the light in the cross-fade time set in the Fade Time parameter
Off
Instantly switches the light off (no fade time)
Up
Increases the light value for 200 ms by the fade steps defined in the Fade Rate parameter.
When the light value reaches the value defined in the Maximum Level parameter it remains at
this value.
Down
Reduces the light value for 200 ms by the dimming steps defined in the Fade Rate parameter.
When the light value reaches the value defined in the Minimum Level parameter it remains at this
value.
Step up
Increases the light value by one step
Step down
Reduces the light value by one step
On and Step up
Switches the light to the Minimum Level if the device was already off. If the device is on, the light
value is increased by one step.
Step down and
off
Reduces the light value by one step. When the device reaches the Minimum Level it is switched
off.
Recall MIN
Level
Calls up the Minimum Level light value (no cross-fade time)
Recall MAX
Level
Calls up the Maximum Level light value (no cross-fade time)
Go to scene X
Calls up lighting scene “X”. (The Fade Time parameter is used as the cross-fade time)
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Annex
Current draw of the comfortDIM products in the DALI circuit
Table: comfortDIM current draw
Category
comfortDIM device
DALI current draw
Manual control unit
DALI GC
6 mA
DALI GC-A
6 mA
DALI SC
6 mA
DALI SC-A
6 mA
DALI MC
6 mA
DALI TOUCHPANEL 02
6 mA
DALI MSensor 02 5DPI 41f
6 mA
DALI MSensor 02 5DPI 41rc
6 mA
DALI MSensor 02 5DPI 41w
6 mA
DALI MSensor 02 5DPI 41rs
6 mA
DALI SQM
9 mA
x/e-touchPANEL 02
2 mA (per DALI circuit)
DALI DSI
16 mA
DALI DSI II
2 mA
DALI Somfy animeo Interface
6 mA
DALI RM
12 mA
DALI 3 RM-C
2 mA
Amplifiers
DALI Repeater
6 mA
PC links
DALI USB
6 mA
DALI SCI
6 mA
DALI SCI II
6 mA
Sensors
Sequencers
Signal converters
Relays
DALI ballasts
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2 mA
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Annex
Table: Overview DALI power supply
Category
comfortDIM device
DALI rated current
Power supply
DALI PS
200 mA
DALI PS1
200 mA
DALI PS2
240 mA
DALI PS2 Standby
240 mA
DALI RS232 Interface PS/S
240 mA
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Annex
DALI MSensor 02 broadcast commands and luminaire group
commands
DALI command
Broadcast commands
Luminaire group commands
Light level (DAP)
Light level is called up
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
Light level is called up
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
OFF
off
off
UP
Can be set using masterCONFIGURATOR
Can be set using masterCONFIGURATOR
Factory setting:
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
Factory setting:
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
STEP UP
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
STEP DOWN
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
ON AND STEP
UP
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
STEP DOWN
AND OFF
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
Dimming light level
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
RECALL MIN
LEVEL
MIN LEVEL is called up
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
MIN LEVEL is called up
=> Lighting control is temporarily disabled
(static operation)
RECALL MAX
LEVEL
Can be set using masterCONFIGURATOR
Can be set using masterCONFIGURATOR
Factory setting:
MAX LEVEL is called up
=> Lighting control temporarily disabled (static
operation)
Factory setting:
MAX LEVEL is called up
=> Lighting control temporarily disabled (static
operation)
DOWN
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Annex
GO TO SCENE X
Can be set using masterCONFIGURATOR
Can be set using masterCONFIGURATOR
Factory setting:
Calling up Scenes 0-14
=> Lighting control temporarily disabled (static
operation)
Calling up Scene 15
=> Lighting control is enabled (automatic
operation)
Factory setting:
Calling up Scenes 0-14
=> Lighting control temporarily disabled (static
operation)
Calling up Scene 15
=> Lighting control is enabled (automatic
operation)
...
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Reference list
Reference list
Related documents
Documentation masterCONFIGURATOR:
http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/download/Manual_masterConfigurator_en.pdf
Documentation DALI MSensor 02:
http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/download/technical/DALI_MSensor02_ProductManual_en.pdf
Documentation DALI TOUCHPANEL 02:
http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/download/technical/Manual_DALI_TOUCHPANEL_02_en.pdf
Documentation DALI x/e-touchPANEL 02:
http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/download/technical/Manual_x_e_touchPANEL_02_en.pdf
Declarations of conformity: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/declarations-of-conformity.asp
Certificates: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/certificates.asp
Downloads
Tridonic software: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/software.asp
Download masterCONFIGURATOR: http://www.tridonic.com/com/de/software-masterconfigurator.asp
Additional information
Guarantee conditions: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/guarantee.asp
Data sheets: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/data-sheets.asp
Environmental declarations: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/environmental-declarations.asp
Product specifications: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/product-specifications.asp
Other technical documents: http://www.tridonic.com/com/en/technical-docs.asp
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