Buick 1998 Skylark Owner`s manual

Buick 1998 Skylark Owner`s manual
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The 1998 Buick Skylark Owner’s Manual
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you howto use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains the“SRS” system.
2-1
Features and Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls andto how
operate your audio system.
4- 1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
5-1
Problems on the Road
This section tells whatto do if you have a problem while driving, such as
flatatire or overheated engine, etc.
6- 1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you howto keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
7-1
Maintenance Schedule
This section tells you whento perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use,
8- 1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you howto contact Buickfor assistance and howto get service and owner publications.
It also givesyou information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page
8-8.
9-1
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subjectin this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
b
,
@ w W M O T O R S , GM, the GM Emblem,BUICK,
the BUCK Emblem and the nameSKYLARK are
,gegistered trademarksof General Motors Corporation.
WE SUPPWIT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFI.CATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
Please keep -thismanual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever needit when you're on the road.If you:
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual
in it so the new
wner can use it.
....
.
I
I
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual
from beginning
to end when theyfirst receive their new vehicle.
If
you do this, it will helpyou learn aboutthe features
and controlsfor your vehicle.In this manual, you’ll
to explain
find that pictures and words work together
things quickly.
Index
A good place to look
for what you needis the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of what’s in
the manual, andthe page number whereyou’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautionsin this book.
CAUTION to tellyou
We use a box and the word
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
These mean there is something thatcould hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell
you what the hazardis. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
If you don’t, you or
hazard. Please read these cautions.
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash throughit in
this book.This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
I NOTICE:
~
~
~~~
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
iv
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Manytimes, this damage would
and it could be
not be covered by your warranty,
costly. But the notice will tell you what
to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might
see
CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different
colors or in different words.
You’ll alsosee warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you mayfind on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
UNLOCK
Ed
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
-'ag
,
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
SWITCH
TURN
SIGNALS
0
COOLANT
TEMP
6
-
CAUSTIC
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
BRAKE
(@)
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
FUSE
LIGHTER
I
m
HORN
)tr
BURNS
SPEAKER
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
,111,
FOG LAMPS
$0
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
e,
FUEL
b
B
(@)
V
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’llfind information aboutthe seats in your Buick and how to
use your safety belts properly.
You can also
not do with air bags and safety belts.
learn about some things you should
1-2
1-7
1-12
1-13
1-13
1-20
1-21
1-21
1-28
1-31
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’refor Everyone
Ask About
Here Are Questions Many People
Safety Belts-- And the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
Rear Seat Passengers
1-33
1-35
1-38
1-49
1-52
1-52
1-52
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1
Rear SafetyBelt Comfort Guidesfor Children
and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position
Children
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
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Seats and Seat Controls
4-Way Manual Seat(IfEquipped)
This section tellsyou about the seats -- how to adjust
them, and also about recliningfront seatbacks and
head restraints.
Manual Front Seats
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat
while the vehicle is
moving. The suddenmovement could startle and
confuse you, or makeyou push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat
only when
the vehicle is not moving.
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Driver’s Side
If you have this option, you have two levers under the
of
front edgeof the seat. The lever near the outer side
the seat (A) unlocks the seat allowingit to slide forward
(B) allows you to tilt
and back.The lever on the right
the seatup and down.
2-Way Manual Seat
Manual Lumbar Support(If Equipped)
Passenger’s Side
Move the control lever under the front of the seat to
unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want
it. Then
release the lever and try to move the seat with your
body, to make sure the seat
is locked in place.
Turn the knob onthe right front of the driver’s seat
for
cushion to the right or tothe left to adjust the support
the lower back.
1-3
Power $eat Controls (IfEquipped)
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The power seat controls are located
on the sideof the
driver’s seat.
Front Control (F): Raise thefront of the seat by
holding the switchup. Hold the switch down to lower
the front of the seat.
Center Control (C): Move the seat forward or
backward by holding the control to the front .or back.
Raise or lower the seatby holding the control up
or down.
Rear Control (R):Raise the rear of the seatby holding
the switch up. Hold the switch down to lower rear
the of
the seat.
1-4
Your vehicle will have oneof these reclining
seatback levers.
Sitting in a reclined position
when your vehicle is
in motion canbe dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do theirwhen
job
you’re reclined likethis.
The shoulderbelt can’t do its job
because it
won’t be against yourbody. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap beltcan’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, notat your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection whenthe vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit wen
back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.
1-6
Slide thehead restraint upor down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to thetop of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injuryin a crash.
Rear Seats
Folding theRear Seat(If Equipped)
With the rear folding
seatbacks, you can carry
long cargoby folding down
part or allof the rear seat.
Pull this strap to fold down
the seatback.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should do
not
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or air bag system.
When youfold the seatback up, push the top
of the seat,
making sure the seat is completely closed to ensure
the
seat locks in a sudden stop
or crash.
Don’t let anyone ride where
he or shecan’t wear
a safety belt properly.If you are ina crash and
you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries
can be muchworse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected fromit. You can be seriously
injured orkilled. In the same crash,
you might
not beif you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt,and check that yourpassengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
1-7
It is extremely dangerous to ride in
a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding inthese areas are morelikely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any areaof your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safetybelts. Be sure
everyone in yourvehicle is in a seat andusing a
safety beltproperly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes onas a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why:They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash.
If you do have a
crash, you don’t know itif will be a bad one.
A few crashesare mild, and some crashes can be
so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
of them,
But most crashes are in between. In many
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling
up does
matter ... a lot!
1-8
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone onit.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s
just a seat
on wheels.
1-9
Get it up to speed. Thenstop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-10
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle,it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel ...
1-11 r
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:belt or not. But you c,anunbuckle a safety belt, even if you're upside down. And your chanceof
.being conscious during and after an accident, so-
but especially~inside and other collisions.
1-12
HOWto Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This partis only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special
things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
in your
children and babies.If a child will be riding
vehicle, see the part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start withthe driver position.
Driver Position
This part describesthe driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver hasa lap-shQuMmbeltAiexe3 hmv tc, wear
it properly.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle untilit clicks.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats”in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
1-13
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1-15
centered on your shoulder. The belt shouldbe away from
your face and neck, but notfalling off your shoulder.
@’
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder beltis too loose.It won’t give nearly
as much protectionthis way.
You can be seriously hurt
if your shoulder belt is
too loose.In a crash, you wouldmove forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
@
What’s wrong with this?
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A CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place likethis. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen.The
belt forceswould be there, notat thepelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into
the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-17
You can beseriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm.
In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
’ increase the chanceof head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strongas shoulder bones.
You could alsoseverely injure internal organs
;e your liver or
snleen.
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~
A:
The shoulder belt is warn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
&= What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously injured
by a twisted belt.In
a crash,you wouldn’t have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straightso it canwork properly, or ask
your dealerto fix it.
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A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-19
The best way to protect thefetus is to protectthe
mother. When a safety beltis worn properly, it’s more
likely that thefetus won’t be hurtin a crash. For
pregnant women, asfor anyone, the key to making
safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safetybelt works the sarne
way as the driver’s safetybelt. See “Driver Position”
earlier in this section.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
This part explainsthe Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) or air bag system.
Your vehicle has twoair bags -- one air bagfor the
driver and another air bag
for the right front passenger.
things to know about the air
Here are the most important
bag system:
A CAUTION:
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~.
You can be severely injured orkilled ina crash if
--
you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected fromit. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags are designed to work with
safety belts, but don’t replacethem. Air bags are
designed to workonly in moderateto severe
crashes where the front
of your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflateat all
in rollover, rear, sideor low-speed frontal
crashes. Everyonein yourvehicle should weara
safety belt properly whether or notthere’s an
air bag for that
person.
--
1-21
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AIR
BAG
There is anair bag
readiness light on-the
instrument panel, which
shows AIR BAG.
How the Air Bag System Works
The system checks the air bag
electrical system for
malfunctions. Thelight tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag ReadinessLight” in the Index
for more information.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-23
If something is between an occupant and anair
bag, the bag might not inflate properly
or it
might force the object into that
person. The path
of an inflating air bag mustbe keptclear. Don’t
put anythingbetween an occupant and anair
bag, and don’t attach or put anything
on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other
air
bag covering.
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’sside.
1-24
When should an air bag inflate?
What makes anair bag inflate?
An air bagis designed toinflate in a moderate to severe In an impact of sufficient severity, theair bag sensing
system detects thatthe vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
frontal or near-frontal crash.The air bag willinflate
system triggers a release
of gas from the inflator, which
only if the impact speedis above the system’s designed
inflates theair bag. The inflator, air bag and related
“threshold level.’’If your vehicle goesstraight into a
of the air bag modules insidethe
wall that doesn’t moveor deform, the threshold levelis
hardware are all part
in
the instrument panelin front of the
steering
wheel
and
about 9 to 14 mph (14 to 23 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,so that
right front passenger.
If your
it can be somewhat above or below this range.
How does an air bag restrain?
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher.
The
even belted occupants can contact
the steering wheel or
air bagis not designed toinflate in rollovers, side
the instrument panel. Air bags supplement
the protection
impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not
proviiied by safety belts. Air bags distribute
the force of
help the occupant.
the impact more evenly over
the occupant’s upper body,
In any particular crash, noone can say whether an air
air bags
stopping the occupant more gradually. But
bag should have inflated simply because
of the damage
would not help you in many types
of collisions,
to a vehicle or becauseof what the repair costs were.
including rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts,
Inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and
primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward
how quicklythe vehicle slows downin frontal or
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as
near-frontal impacts.
anything more than a supplement to safety
belts,
and then only in moderate to severe
frontal or
near-frontal collisions.
1-25
What w d you seeafter an air bag inflates?
After an air baginflates, it quickly deflates,so quickly
that some people may not even realize
the air bag
inflated. Some componentsof the air bag module-- the
steering wheel hubfor the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
of the bag
bag -- will be hot for a short time. The parts
that come into contact with you may be warm, but not
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
air bags. Air bag
coming from vents in the deflated
inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeingfi-om
or
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does
it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
When an air bag inflates, thereis dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a historyof asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe so.
to do
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
1-26
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are brokenby vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
0 Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
air bag
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
in another crash.
won’t be there to help protect you
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual
for your
vehicle coversthe need to replace other parts.
0 Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information
about the air bag system.
The module records
of the system, when
information about the readiness
the sensors are activated and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment.
0 Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air
bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage thecovering for the driver’s or the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, the bag may not
work properly. You may have to replacethe air
bag modulein the steeringwheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag
coverings.
If your vehicle ever getsinto a lot of water -- such as
-- or if water enters
water up to the carpeting or higher
your vehicle and soaksthe carpet, the air bag controller
If this ever happens, and then
can be soaked and ruined.
air
you start your vehicle,the damage could make the
bags inflate, even if there’s no crash.
You would have to
replace the air bags as well asthe sensors and related
parts. If your vehicleis ever in a flood, or if it’s exposed
to water that soaksthe carpet, you can avoid needless
off the vehicle immediately.
repair costs by turning
Don’t let anyonestart the vehicle, even to towit, unless
the battery cables arefirst disconnected.
Servicing Your Air Bag qmpped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are partsof the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle.You don’t wantthe system to
inflate while someoneis working onyour vehicle. Your
dealer andthe Skylark Service Manual have inforrnation
about servicing your vehicle and
the air bag system. To
purchase a service manual, see “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
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2
For upto 10 minutes after the ignition
key is
turned off and the battery
is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper
service. You
can be injuredif you are close to an air bag
when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape
or yellow connectors. Theyare probably partof
the air bagsystem. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work foryou is qualified to doso.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-27
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You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low
and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash,this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt
r e s t r u g forces.
The safety belt locks
if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulderbelt comfort guideswill provide added
safety belt comfortfor children whohave outgrown
child restraints andfor small adults. When installedon a
shoulder belt,the comfort guide pullsthe belt away
from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
for
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort
children who have outgrown child restraints and
for
smaller adults,the comfort guides may be installed
on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and usethe safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cord outfrom between the edge of
the seatback andthe interior body to removethe
guide from its storage clip.
1-31
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection!That includes
infants andall children smaller than adult size. Neither
the distance travelednor the ageand size of the traveler
changes the need,for everyone, to use safety restraints.
In fact, the law in every state inthe United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrainedwhile in a vehicle.
Smaller Childrenand Babies
Children who are up against, or
very close to, an
air bagwhen it inflates can be seriouslyinjured
or killed. Air bags pluslap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults and older children,
but not foryoung children and infants. Neither
the vehicle’s safety beltsystem nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children and
infants need the protection that a child restraint
system can provide. Always secure children
properly inyour vehicle.
1-35
Smaller children and babies should
always be
restrained in^ a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint
will say whether it is
the right type and
size for yourchild. A very
young child’s hip bonesare so small that a
regular belt might not stay
low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the beltwill likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply
force righton the chiId’s abdomen, which could
cause seriousor fatalinjuries. So, be sure that
any childsmall enough for one is always properly
restrained in a child
or infant restraint.
Infants need completesupport, including supportfor the
head and neck. This i s necessary because an infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the restof its body. In a crash,an infant in a
rear-facing restraint settlesinto the restraint,so the crash
the
forces can be distributed across the strongest of
part
A baby should be
infant’s body, the back and shoulders.
secured in an appropriate infant restraint.This is so
important that many hospitals today won’t release a
is an infant
newborn infant to its parents unless there
restraint available for the baby’s
first trip in a
motor vehicle.
at only 25 mph (40 kmh), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 2404b. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby
would be almostimpossible
to hold.
Secure thebaby in an infant restraint.
I
Never hold a baby in your arms
while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much until a
crash. During a crash a baby
will become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-37
Child Restraints
Every time infants and young children ride
in
vehicles, they should have protection provided by
appropriate restraints.
&= What are the different typesof add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints are available in four basic
types. When selectinga child restraint, takeinto
consideration not only the child’s weight and size,
but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle
in which it will
be used.
An infant car bed(A) is a special bed madefor use
in a motor vehicle. It’san infant restraint system
designed to restrain or positiona child on a
continuous flat surface. Withan infant car bed,
make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the
center of the vehicle.
1-38
A rear-facing infant restraint (B) positions an infant
to face the rear of the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designedfor infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and aboutone year of age. This type
of restraint faces the rear so that the infant’s head,
neck and body can have
the support they need in a
crash. Someinfant seats comein two parts -- the
base stays securedin the vehicle andthe seat part
is removable.
1-39
A forward-facing child restraint(C-E) positions a
child upright toface forward inthe vehicle. These
forward-facing restraints are designed to help
protect children who are from
20 to 40 lbs.
(9 to 18 kg) and about 26 to 40 inches
(66 to 102 cm) in height, or up to aroundfour years
of age. One type, a convertible restraint, is
designed to be used either as a rear-facing infant
seat or a forward-facing child seat.
1-40
A booster seat (F, G) is designed for children who
are about40 to 60 lbs. (18 to 27 kg) and about four
to eight yearsof age. It’s designed to improve the
fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Booster seats
with shields use lap-onlybelts; however, booster
seats without shields use lap-shoulder belts.
Booster seats can also help a child to see out
the window.
1-41
When choosing a child restraint, be sure
the child
in a vehicle.If it is, it
restraint is designed to be used
will have alabel saying thatit meets Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards.
I
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be
Then follow the instructionsfor the restraint.You may
seriously injured if the right frontpassenger’s air
find these instructions on
the restraint itself orin a
bag inflates. This is because the back of a
in
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within rear-facing child restraint would be very close to
the inflating air bag. Always secure a rearfacing
the restraint to help reduce
the chance of personal injury.
child restraint in the rearseat.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to do that. Both the owner’s You may, however,secure a forward-facingchild
manual and the child restraint instructions are important, restraint in the right front seat.
Before you secure
so if either oneof these is not available, obtain a
a forward-facingchild restraint, always move the
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
front passenger seatas far back aswill
it go. Or,
secure the child restraint
in the rearseat.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child
are restrained in the rear rather than the
front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your restraint properly.
Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint
can move
child restraintin the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle-- even when no child isin it.
1-42
Top Strap
If your child restraint has a top strap, your dealer can
obtain akit with anchor hardware and installation
instructions specifically designedfor this vehicle. The
dealer can theninstall the anchor for you. In Canada,
this work will bedone for you free of charge. Or, you
may install the anchor yourself usingthe instructions
provided in the kit.
Securing a Child Restraintin a Rear
Outside Seat Position
If your child restraint has a top
strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you
can ask your Buick dealer to put
it in for you. If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how todo it.
Canadian law requires that child restraints have a top
strap, and that the strap be anchored.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See
the earlier part
about the top strap the
if child restraint has one. Be sure
to followthe instructions that came with
the child
restraint. Securethe child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
1-43
2. Pick up the latch plate,and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
I
3.- Buckle the belt. Make sure the release buttanis
positioned so you b would be able to unbuckle
the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
Tilt the latch plate
to adjust the beltif needed.
If the shoulder belt goesin front of the child's face or
neck, putit behind the child restraint.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let
it go back allthe way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work
for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be usingthe lap belt. Be sure to follow the
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while instructions thatcame with the child restraint. Secure
as
the child in the child restraint when and the
you push down onthe child restraint.If you’re using
instructions say.
a forward-facing child restraint, you may
find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child See the earlier part about the top straptheif child
restraint has one.
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pullthe child restraint in different
directions to be sureit is secure.
1-45
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pullingit along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle's safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be ableto unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its
free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you're using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find
it
helpful to use your kneeto push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pullthe child restraint in different
directions tobe sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt.It will be ready to work
for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
U
Your vehicie has aright front passenger air bag.Never
put a rear-facing child restraintin this seat. Here’s why:
A child in 1 ear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back
of a
rearfacing child restraint would be
very close to
the inflating air bag. Always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You’ll be usingthe lap-shoulder belt. Seethe earlier part
about the top strap ifthe child restraint has one. Be sure
to followthe instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right
front passenger air
bag, always movethe seat asfar back asit will go
(See
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and runthe lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-47
J
4. Tilt the latch plate to adjust
the belt if needed.
If the shoulder beltgoes in front of the child's face^ or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
5. Buckle the belt. Makesure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
Larger Children
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
use the
are restrained in therear seat. But they need to
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out
in
a crash.
0
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the samebelt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a
crash, thetwo children can be crushed together
and seriously injured.A belt must beused by
only one personat a time.
&= What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but thechild is so small that the shoulderbelt is
very close to thechild’s face orneck?
A:
1-50
Move the child toward the centerof the vehicle, but
be sure thatthe shoulder beltstill is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide.
If the
child is sitting ina rear seat outside position,see
“Rear Safety BeltComfort Guides’’ in the Index.
If the child issa small that the shoulder belt still
is
very close to the child’s
face or neck, you might
want to place the child the
in center seat position,
the one that has only a lap belt.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting ina seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part
is behind
the child. If the child wearsthe belt in thisway, in
a crash thechild might slideunder thebelt. The
belt’s force would then be applied righton the
child’s abdomen. Thatcould cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips,
just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies beltforce to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-51
Saf y -~ eltExteSer
Replacing Restra .t System Parts
After a Crash
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should useit.
If you’ve had a crash,
do you need new belts?
But if a safety belt isn’t long enoughfasten,
to your
After a very minor collision, nothing may
be necessary.
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go But if the belts were stretched,as they would beif worn
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear,
so the
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
extender will be long enough
for you. The extender will
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
you choose. Don’t let someone
else use it, and use it
or seat parts repairedor replaced. New parts and repairs
only for the seatit is made to fit.To wear it,just attach it
may
be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
to the regular safety belt.
the timeof the collision.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make surethe safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look
for any other
If you see
loose or damaged safety belt system parts.
anything that might keepsafety
a belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is
torn or frayed,get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-52
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace
air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
fi
NOTES
.
.._. .
1-53
bb NOTES
1-54
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn aboutthe many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are
the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell ifyou
everything is
-and
what
to
do
if
you
have
a
problem.
working properly
2-2
2-4
2-7
2-11
2- 12
2- 13
2- 14
2- 14
2- 16
2-18
2-20
2-24
2-25
2-28
2-29
2-29
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System (If Equipped)
Trunk
Theft
[email protected]
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater(If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Outof PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
2-30
2-3 1
2-3 1
2-32
2-32
2-40
2-41
2-44
2-45
2-46
2-47
2-47
2-47
2-50
2-53
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Windows
Horn
Tilt Wheel
Turn SignalMultifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Ashtrays and Lighter
Sun Visors
Accessory Power Outlet(If Equipped)
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Cluster
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
2-1
Keys
Leaving young children ina vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons.
A child or others could be badly injured or
even killed.
They could operate powerwindows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys in
a vehicle with young children.
2-2
If you neea a-new key, =goto your Bm-ckdealer lor the
correct key code.
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doors and fall
out. When a dooris
locked, the inside handlewon't open it.
Outsiders caneasily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop yourvehicle.
This may not beso obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren'tlocked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, andyou will be far
better off whenever you drive yourvehicle.
--
--
~~
.I~..
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry systemif your vehicle has this option.
2-4
door, slide the lock
From the inside, to lock the
control rearward.
To unlock the door, slide the lock control forward.
The lock control will show orange whenthe
in
UNLOCK position.
Automatic Door Locks
Power Door Locks
With power door locks, you
can lock or unlock all the
doors at oncefrom the
driver’s orfront passenger’s
door lock switch.
Just close your doors and turn on the ignition. ofAll
your doors will lock when
you move your shift lever out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N). If someone needs to
get out whilethe vehicle is running, have that person use
If the shift lever is not in
the manual or power lock.
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) when the opened dooris
closed, all doors will be locked when the door is closed.
If the shiftlever is in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N) when
the opened dooris closed, all doorswill be locked when
you shift outof PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). All
doors will automatically unlock when the ignition
is
turned off.
If you don’t want the doors to automatically unlock
when the key is turned to theOFF position, you can
remove the DR UNLK fuse. Forfuse location, see
“Fuses and Circuit Breakers” the
in Index.
2-5
Rear Door Security Lock
If you don’t cancel the security lockfeature, adults or
older children who ride
in the rear won’tbe able to open
Your vehicle may be equipped with rear door security the rear door from the inside.
You should let adults and
locks that help prevent passengers
from opening the
older children know howthese security locks work, and
rear doors of your carfrom the inside. To use one of
how to cancel the locks.
these locks:
To cancel the rear door security lock:
1. Use a key to move the
1. -Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
lock all the way up.
from the outside.
2. Close the door.
2. Use a key to move the lock all the way down.
3. Do the same thing to the
3. Do the samefor the other rear door.
other rear door lock.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Leaving Your Vehicle
The rear doorsof your vehicle cannot be opened from
inside when this featureis in use. If you want to opena
rear door when the security lock
is on:
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
2-6
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and setthe locks from the inside. Then get out and
close the door.
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
If your vehicle has this option, you can lock and unlock This device complies with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
your doors or unlock your trunk
from about 3 feet (1 m)
Operation is subjectto the following two conditions:
up to 30 feet (9 m) away usingthe remote keyless entry
(1) this devicemay not cause harmful interference,
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
and ( 2 ) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
In addition,the system
undesired operation.
illuminates the interior
lights for a set period of
RSS-210 of Industry
This device complies with
time. The remote keyless
Canada. Operation is subject the
to following two
entry system consistsof a
conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference,
receiver, whichis located in
and ( 2 ) this device must accept any interference
the vehicle, and two
received, including interference that may cause
hand-held transmitters.
undesired operationof the device.
Changes or modifications to this systemby other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Remote Keyless Entry System
(If Equipped)
2-7
This system has a range of about
3 feet (1 m) up to
30 feet (9 m). At timesyou may notice a decrease in
range. Thisis normal for any remote keyless entry
system. If the transmitter does not work iforyou have
to stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to
work, try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement or
synchronization is necessary. See the instructions
that follow.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to left
theor
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technicianfor service.
I
2-8
Operation
The following functionsare available with the remote
keyless entry system:
LOCK: All doors will automatically lock when the
LOCK button on the transmitter
is pressed. The interior
lamps stay on for two seconds after of
allthe doors
are closed.
UNLOCK: The driver’s door will unlock automatically
when the UNLOCK button on the transmitter
is pressed.
If the UNLOCK buttonis pressed again withinfive
seconds, all remaining doors will unlock. The interior
40 seconds or until the ignitionis
lamps will stay on for
turned on.
Trunk Release: Thetrunk will unlock anytime when the
vehicle symbol onthe transmitter is pressed and the
ignition is off. If the ignitionis on, the trunk will unlock
if the gear selectoris in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N).
The interior lamps will come on 40
forseconds or until
the ignition switch is turned to an on position.
I NOTICE:
he-
battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
I
I
To replace the battery in
the remote keyless entry:
Synchronization
1. Use a small coin or flathead screwdriver to separate Your remote keyless entry system is equipped with a
the bottom halffrom the top halfof the transmitter.
security system that prevents anyone from recording and
playing back your signal. The transmitter does not send
2. Remove the battery and replace
it with the newone.
the same signal twice to the receiver. The receiver will
Make sure the positive(+) side of the battery faces
not respond to a signal that has been sent
it more
to
down. Use one 3-volt, CR2032, or equivalent,
than
once.
type battery.
3. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
cover is on tight,so water won't get in.
4. Check the operationof the transmitter with your
vehicle. If the transmitter does not work, try
synchronizing the transmitter with the receiver.
'1
2-10
To resynchronize your transmitter and receiver, follow
these directions:
1. Stand close to your vehicle,
2. Press andhold the LOCK andUNLOCK buttons on
the transmitter at the same time,
3. Hold the buttonsfor five seconds. In this time, the
doors should lock and unlock once. This confirms
the resynchronization. Ifthe doors do not lock and
unlock, see your dealerfor service.
Trunk
Remote Trunk Release
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the key and
turn thetrunk lock cylinder.
I
It can be dangerous to drive
with the trunklid
open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can
come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousnessand even death.
If you must drive with the trunk
lid openor if
electrical wiringor other cableconnections must
pass through theseal between the body and the
trunk lid:
0 Make sure allwindows are shut.
0 Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting on
VENT. That will force outside air into your
vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in theIndex.
0 If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all way.
the
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
on the
Pull up on the remote release handle, located
floor near the leftside of the driver’s seat, to release the
trunk lid. Make sure the lockout featureis not activated.
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
The lackout switch is
mounted on the trunk lid
latch on the insideof the
trunk lid. It allows you
to disable the remote
trunk release inside the
passenger compartment.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially
in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number
of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put iton
can
make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways
you can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
-- so
easy targetfor joy riders or professional thieves
don’t doit.
With the lockout controlin OW, you can usethe remote
trunk release.You must use thetrunk key when the
lockout control is in ON.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take
it with you. Always do this.
so will your
Your steering wheel will be locked, and
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
To turn the lockout on, slidethe switch all the way to the Parking at Night
right. To turn off the lockout, slide the switch all the
Park in a lighted spot, close
all windows and lock your
way to the left.
vehicle. Rememberto keep your valuables outof sight.
or them with you.
This lockout feature is only available on vehicles that do Put them in a storage area, take
not have the remote keyless entry system.
2-12
Parking Lots
If you parkin a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock
it up and take your keys.
But what if you have leave
to
your key?
0
If possible, park in a busy, welllit area.
0
Put your valuablesin a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box.Be sure to close and lock
the
storage area.
0
Close all windows.
0
Slide the remote trunk release lockout switch
all the
way tothe right.
0
Lock the glove box.
0
Lock all the doors exceptthe driver’s.
[email protected]
row vehicle is equipped with the Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
Passlock is a passive theft-deterrent system.
The system
is arrned once the key is removed from the ignition.
is
Passlock enablesfuel if the ignition lock cylinder
If a correct key is not used,
fuel
turned with a valid key.
is disabled.
During normal operation,the THEFT SYSTEM light
will go off after the engine is started.
If the engine stalls and the
THEFT SYSTEM light
flashes, wait until the light stops flashing before trying
to restartthe engine. Remember to release the key from
the START position assoon as the engine starts.
If you are driving and the THEFT SYSTEM light comes
if you turn the
on, you will be able to restart the engine
engine off. However, your Passlock system is not
working properly and must be serviced by your dealer.
Your vehicleis not protected by Passlock at this time.
You may also want to check the
fuse (see “Fuses
and Circuit Breakers”in the Index). See your dealer
for service.
If the THEFT SYSTEM light comes on while the engine
is running, a problem has been detected and the system
may need service. See your dealer
for service.
In an emergency, callthe Buick Prernium Roadside
(InCanada call
Assistance Center at 1-800-252-11 12.
1-800-268-6800).
2-13
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
C
NOTICE:
Your vehicledoesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the
long
run if you followthese guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the
first
200 miles (322km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stopswith new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier
replacement.
Follow this breaking-inguideline every
time you get newbrake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a ’lkailer” in the Index for
more information.
--
2-14
--
A
E
With the keyin the ignition switch, you can turn the
switch to five different positions:
ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things
like the radio andthe windshield wipers when the
engine is off. To use this position, push the
in key and
turn it toward you.Your steering wheel will remain
locked, just as it was before you inserted the key.
START (E): This key position starts your engine. When
the engine starts,release the key. The ignition switch
will be in LOCK. With a steering column shift lever, this
will returnto RUN for driving.
position locks your ignition, steering wheel and
transaxle. With the console shift lever,this position
Note that evenif the engine is not running,
locks your ignition and steering wheel. It’s a
ACCESSORY and RUNare positions that allow you to
theft-deterrent feature.
operate your electrical accessories, such the
as radio.
LOCK (B): Before youput the key in, your ignition
OFF’ (C): This position lets you turnoff the engine but
still turn the steering wheel.
It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like LOCK. UseOFF if you must have your car
in motion whilethe engine is off.
RUN (D): This position is where the key returns after
you start your engine and releasethe switch. The switch
stays in RUN when the engine is running. But even
when theengine is not running, you
can use RUN to
operate your electrical power accessories.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck inLOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sureyou are using the correctkey; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and rightwhile you turn the
key hard. But turn the
key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force itcould break thekey or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
2-15
Starting Your Engine
Starting Your 2.4 Liter Engine
Move your shift leverto PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won't start in any other position
-- that's a
safety feature.To restart when you're already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts, let
go down as your
go of the key. The idle speed will
engine warms up.
NOTICE:
1 NOTICE:
~~
Don't try to shift toPARK (P) if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shiftto PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Holding yourkey in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your startermotor.
2. If the engine doesn't start right away,
and if the
weather is very cold (below -20" F or -29" C),
push the accelerator pedal about one-quarter
of the
way down while youturn the key to START.Do this
until the engine starts.As soon as it does, let go
of the key.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded withtoo much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all
the way tothe
floor and holdingit there as you hold the key
in
START for a maximum of 15 seconds. This clears
the extra gasoline from the engine. If the engine still
won’t start or starts brieflybut then stops again,
repeat step 1 or 2, depending on temperature.
When the engine starts, releasethe key and the
accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Starting Your 3100 Engine
1. With your footoff the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts,let
go of the key. Theidle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding yourkey in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause yourbattery to be
drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your startermotor.
Your engine is designed towork with the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change theway
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, checkwith your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever haveto have your
vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual thattells how to doit
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in theIndex.
2-17
Engine CoolantHeater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to workwith the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could changethe way
the engine operates.Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your
dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform
properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual that
tells how to doit
without damaging your
vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle”in theIndex.
2.4L Engine
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-voltAC outlet.
L,CAUTION:
I
3100 Engine
In very cold weather,0°F (- 18 " C )or colder,the engine
coolant heater can help. You'll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged
in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could causean electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire.You could beseriouslginjured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cordwon't reach, usea
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
2-19
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cordas it was before to keepit away
from moving engine parts.If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep
the coolant heater plugged
on the outside temperature,the
in? The ans~wer depends
of
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealerin the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice
for that
particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
u n o
P R N D 3 2 1
There are seven different positions
for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This locks your front wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fullyin PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured.To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)”in theIndex.
you’re pulling a trailer, see“Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
I
f
’
Ensure the shift lever
is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle
Shift Interlock (BTSI).You have to fullyapply your
regular brakesbefore you canshift from PARK (P)
when the ignition keyis in RUN. If you cannot shift out
-- push the
of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever
sWt lever all the way into PARK (P) and also release
the shift lever button on floor shift console models-- as
you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gear you wish. (Pressthe shift lever button.
before moving the shift lever on floor shift console
models.) See “Shifting Outof PARK (P)” in this section.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE(R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage yourtransaxle.
Shift to REVERSE(R) only after yourvehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get of
outsnow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle,
see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud,Ice or Snow”in the Index.
2-21
~
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels.To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicleis being towed.
~-
__
.. .
~~
~~
~~~~~~
~~
(a):
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
Your automatic
This
transaxle has AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
If you need more power
position is for normal driving.
for passing, and you’re:
(a).
Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
I
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engineis “racing” (running at high speed)is
dangerous. Unless your footis firmly on the
brake pedal, yourvehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hitpeople or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engineis racing.
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift downto the next gear and have more power.
THIRD (3): This position isfor normal driving, at all
speeds, in most street and highway situations.
It offers
more power but lowerfuel economy than AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (a).
Here are some times you might choose
THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(0):
When driving on hilly, winding roads;
I
NOTICE:
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears;
Damage to your transaxle causedby shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racihg isn’t covered by your warranty.
When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
go down steep
It can help control your speed as you
mountain roads,but then you would also want to use
your brakesoff and on.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power,
SECOND (2). You can use
but lower fuel economy, than
it on very steep hills, orin deep snow or mud.If the shift
lever is put in FIRST(l),the transaxle won’t shiftinto
first gear untilthe vehicle is going slowly enough.
I NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for morethan 25 miles
(41 km), or at speeds over55 mph (88 km/h), or
you can damage your transaxle. Use THIRD (3)
or AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
as much
as possible.
With automatic overdrive,
SECOND (2) will
select eitherfiist orsecond gear depending on
vehicle speed. If your vehicle is slowing, the
transaxle will downshift to first gearat 20 to
25 miles per hour(30 to 32 km/h) for engine
braking. You may noticesome variation in
shift speed in SECOND
(2) when accelerating
or braking.
Don’t shift into SECOND(2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage yourengine.
(a)
If your frontwheels can’t rotate, don’ttry to
drive. This mighthappen if you were stuck in
very deepsand or mud or were up againsta solid
object. You could damage yourtransaxle.
Also, if youstop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakesto hold your vehicle in
position on a hill.
2-23
j
j
Parking Brake
To release the parking
brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull the
BRAKE RELEASE lever.
To set the parking brake,
hold the regular brake pedal
Idown with your right foot.
Push down the parking
brake Dedal with vourleft
foot. If the ignition is on,
the brake system warning
light will come on.
I
I
d
i
The parking brake usesthe brakes on the rear wheels.
I NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake
on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have
to
replace them, and you could
also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towinga trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index. That section shows
what to dofirst to keep the trailer from moving.
2-24
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Steering Column Shift Lever(pi
~
quipped)
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift leverinto PARK (P) like this:
It can be dangerous toget out of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, vehicle
the
can
move suddenly. You or otherscould be injured.
To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re pullinga trailer, see44Towinga
Trailer’’ in theIndex.
e Pull the lever toward you.
2-25
2. Move the shift leverinto PARK (P) like this: Holdin
the button on the lever,
and push the lever all the
way towardthe front of your vehicle.
4
Move the leverup as far as it will go.
3. Move the keyin the ignitionto LOCK.
4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the key
in your hand, your
vehicle is in PARK (P).
Console Shift Lever (If Equipped)
3. Move the key in the ignition to LOCK.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right
foot and
set the parking brake.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with
the key in your hand, your
vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t
shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weightof the
vehicle may put too much
force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle.You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever outof PARK (P). This is called “torquelock.” To
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the prevent torque lock, setthe parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
engine running. Your vehicle could move
seat. To find out how,see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
suddenly if the shift lever is not fullyPARK
in (P)
the Index.
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
lever out of
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could When you are ready to drive, move the shift
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
If torque lock does occur, you may need
to have another
vehicle push yours little
a uphill to take someof the
engine running unless you have to.
pressure from the parking pawlin the transaxle,so you
can pull the shift lever out
of PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sureyour vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brakeis firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve movedthe shift lever intoPARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then,
see if you can movethe
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you (or,if you have the console shift lever,
without first pushing the button). If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked
into PARK (P).
2-27
2. If your vehicle is equipped with a consoleshift
lever, thereis a small cap on
the passenger’s
Your Buick has a brake-transaxle shift interlock.
You
side of the center console. Gently remove
it with a
have to applyyour regular brake before you can
shift
small screwdriver.
from PARK (P) whenthe ignition is in RUN. See
3. Insert the ignition key into
this opening until it
“Automatic Transaxle”in the Index.
contacts a small paddle. This
is the override feature.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
4. While pushing forwardon the paddle, pull the shift
the shift lever-- push the shift leverall the way into
lever fromPARK (P).
PARK (P) and, if you have a console shift lever, release
the shift lever button, as you maintain brake application.5 . Have the vehicle fixed as soonas you can.
Then move the shift lever into
the gear you want. (Press
If your vehicle is equipped with a steering column shift
the shift lever button before moving the shift lever.)
lever, it does not have this override feature. Contact your
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but
still can’t
Buick dealer service department
for service information.
shift outof PARK (P), try this:
1. Remove the ignition key.
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
~
I
1’
2-
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
A CAUTION*
I *
1
Things that can burn
could touch hot exhaust
parts under yourvehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers,leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains thegas
carbon monoxide (CO),which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousnessand death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged ina collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the roador over road debris.
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system hadbeen
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust
is coming into
your vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
0 Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-29
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. ifBut
you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle (seethe earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into yourvehicle even if
the fanswitch is at the highest setting. Oneplace
this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come in easily. NEVER park ina
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in theIndex.)
--
2-30
--
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get of
outyour vehicle if
the shift lever
is not fullyin PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured.To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, evenwhen you’re onfairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shiftlever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parkingon a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer’’ in the Index.
Auto-Down Switch
Windows
Manual Windows
On a vehicle with manual windows, use
the window
crank located onthe inside of each door to open and
close the window.
Power Windows (If Equipped)
Switches on the driver’s
of
door armrest control each
the windows when the
ignition is on. In addition,
each passenger door has a
switch for its own window.
The driver’s window switch has an auto-down
feature.
This switchis labeled AUTO. Quickly press and release
the AUTO switch andthe driver’s window will open a
small amount. If the switch is pressed for more than a
few seconds,the window will goall the way down.
To stop an auto-down window whileit is lowering,
press thefront of the switch. To raise the window, press
and hold thefront of the switch.
Lock-Out Switch
The driver’s power window controls also include a
lock-out switch. PressLOCK to stopfront and rear
passengers from using their window switches.The
driver canstill control allthe windows with the lock on.
Press the other sideof the LOCK button for normal
window operation.
Horn
To sound the horn, press anywhere on the center
of the
steering wheel.
2-31
Tilt Wheel
Turn SignaVMultifunctionLever
of the steering column
The tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steeringThe lever on the left side
includes your:
wheel before you drive.The lever is located on the
steering column.
a Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
You can also raiseit to the highest level to give your
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
a Flash-To-PassFeature
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
in place.
then release the lever to lock the wheel
WindshieldWasher
WindshieldWipers
2-32
li.wn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow
you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the wayorup
down. When the turn
is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel willflash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change,
just raise or lowerthe lever
until the arrowstarts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change.The lever will return by
itself when yourelease it.
As you signal a turnor a lane change,if the arrows
flash at twicethe normal rate, a signal bulb may be
burned out.
signal a turn, check the
fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and
for burned-out bulbs.
Turn Signal On Chime
A chime will sound if yourturn signal is left on after
having gone3/4 of a mile, to remind you to turn your
signal off.
Headlamp High/Low Beam
To change the headlamps
from low beam to high
beam or high beam to low
beam, pull theturn signal
lever all the way toward
you. Then releaseit.
When the high beams are on, this light on the instrument
panel also will beon.
On vehicles equipped with Daytime Running Lamps
if the
(DRL), thelight on the instrument panel may flash
DRL systemis experiencing a problem or
if a headlamp
is malfunctioning.
If a bulbis burned out, haveit replaced to help avoid an
all you
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at when
2-33
~~~~~~~~~~
~
~~
~
~
.. .
.
Flash-To-Pass Feature (Except Canada)
Windshield Wipers
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal a driverin front of you that you want to pass.
It
works even if your headlamps
are off.
To use it, pull the turn signaVmultifunction beam lever
so far that you hear a click).
toward you a little (but not
If your headlamps areoff, your high-beam headlamps
will turn on. They’ll stay onas long as you hold the
off.
lever there. Release the lever to turn them
If your headlamps are on, but on low beam, the system
works normally. Just pull the lever until
it clicks. Your
headlamps will shift to high beam and stay there. To
return to low beam,just pull the lever toward
you until it
clicks again.
You control the windshield wipers by rotating the outer
portion of the switch.
For a single wiping cycle, move the band toward you.
Hold it down until the wipers start, then let go. The
If you want more
wipers will stop after one cycle.
to MIST longer.
cycles, hold the lever down
For steady wiping at low speed, move the bandLO.
to
For high-speed wiping, move the band further up.
To
stop the wipers, move
the band t.0 OFF.
2-34
Low-Speed Delay Wipers
You can set the wiper speedfor a long or short delay
in light rainor
between wipes. This can be very useful
snow. Turn the band to choose the
mount of delay.
Windshield Washer
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
fi-om seeing well enoughin a storm to drive safely.
To
avoid damage,be sure to clearice and snowfrom the
If they’re frozen tothe
wiper blades before using them.
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them.
If your
blades become damaged, get new blades or
blade inserts.
Heavy snow orice can overload your wipers.A circuit
breaker willstop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow orice to prevent an overload.
The top of the wiper lever has the word
PUSH on it. To
this portion
spray washer fluid on the windshield, press
of the lever towardthe instrument panel.
2-35
w-----
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
1
In freezing weather, don’t use your wmher until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
With the low-speed delay, the wiperswill clear the
window and then either stop
or return to your
preset speed.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed
of about
25 mph (40 km/h)
or more without keeping your
foot on the accelerator.This can really help on long
trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
2-36
Setting Cruise Control
A
CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or inheavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause
needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
If you leave your cruise controlswitch on when
you’re not using cruise,you might hita button
and go into cruisewhen you don’t want to. You
could bestartled andeven lose control. Keep the
cruise controlswitch off until you want touse it.
1. Move the cruise control switch toON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
2-37
you are going about 25 mph (4cI€un/h) or more, you can
move the cruise control switch
from ON to R/A for
go right back up to
your
about half a second. You’ll
chosen speed and stay there.
3. Push the SET button at the endof the lever and
release it. The CRUISE light on your instrument
panel will come on.
4. Take your footoff the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
off
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts
the cruise control. But
you don’t need to resetit. Once
2-38
Remember, if you hold the switch atR/A longer than
will keep going faster until
half a second, the vehicle
you release the switch or apply the brake.
You could be
startled and even lose control.So unless you want to go
faster, don’t hold the switch FUA.
at
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedalto increase your speed. When
you take yourfoot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise speed you
set earlier.
0
Use the accelerator pedal to get tothe higher speed.
Push the SET button atthe end of the lever, then
release the button andthe accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
Move the cruise switch from ON to WA. Hold it
there until youget up to the speed you want, and
then releasethe switch. To increase your speedin
very small amounts, movethe switch to WA
for less than half a second and then release
it. Each
1 mph
time you do this, your vehicle will go about
(1.6 lun/h)
faster.
Reducing Spel While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Push in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release
it.
UsingCru
~~
~
--: 11 on Hi1
How well yourcruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness
of the hills.
When going up steephills, you may have tostep on the
accelerator pedalto maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down.Of course, applying the brake
takes you outof cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways t
tourn off the cruise control:
Step lightly on the brake pedal,OR
Move the cruise switch to OFF.
To slow down in very small amounts, pushthe
button for less than half a second. Each time you do Erasing Speed Memory
slower.
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h)
When you turnoff the cruisecontrol or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
2-39
Headlamps On‘ Reminder
If the headlamp switchis left on, you’ll hear a
chime when you turn the ignition off and open
the
driver’s door.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps(DRL) can makeit easier for
others tosee the frontof your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
in the
conditions, but they can be especially helpful
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamm
come on at a reduced brightness when:
The engine is running,
The headlamp switch is OFF,
The headlamp switchis located on theleft side of the
instrument panel.
0
Turn the knob tothe right to PARK to turn on the
the
parking lamps, taillamps, license plate lamp and
instrument panel lighting.The headlamps will
remain off.
Turn the knob to LIGHTS to turn on
your headlamps.
0
Turn the knob toOFF to turn the lamps off.
2-40
The light sensor detects daytime light,
0
The parking brake is released and
The shift leveris not in PARK (P) on an
automatic transaxle.
When theDRL system is on, the taillamps, sidemarker,
parking lamps and instrument panel lights will not
be illuminated.
The DRL andthe ALC systems will remain
off any time
your automatic transaxle vehicleis in PARK (P) and the
parking brake is engaged.
The DRL and ALC systems will remain
off any time
your manualtransaxle vehicle is in NEUTRAL (N) and
the parking brakeis engaged.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need
it.
Automatic Light Control (ALC)
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic light sensor
on topof the instrument panel underthe defroster grill,
so be sure it is not covered which will cause
the
nighttime lights tobe on continuously.
turn on your low-beam headlamps at a normal
brightness along withthe taillamps, sidemarker, parking
lamps andthe instrument panel lights.The radio lights
will bed i m e r .
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need
it.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity
The interior courtesy lamps
can be turned on
by rotating
the control located onthe
instrument panel toHI.
When it is dark enough outside, your ALC will
turn on
your headlamps that you were
last using at the normal
brightness along with other lamps such the
as taillamps,
sidemarker, parking lamps and instrument panel lights.
There is a 20-second delayin the transition between
daytime and nighttime operation
of the DRL and the
ALC systems.If the light sensor senses a reductionin
20 seconds, it will activate
lighting that lasts longer than
the nighttimelamps. If you are driving through a
parking garage, heavy overcast weather, a tunnel or
fueling your vehicle in a low
light area, the ALC will
The instrument panel brightness can also be adjusted
between LO andHI by rotating the control.
2-41
Interior Lamp Delay
Front Reading Lamps(If Equipped)
When you lift the outside handle of either
front door or
open either rear door,
the larnps inside your vehicle will
go on. These lamps will
fade out shortly after the
ignition is turned on and all doors have been closed.
If
the ignitionwas recently turned off, the lamps willfade
out after four seconds. These lamps will also go on
when you press theDOOR or UNLOCK button on the
optional remote keyless entry transmitter.
If the ignition has been off
for less than two minutes,
the lamps inside your vehicle will stayfor
onabout
15 seconds after your key is removed to provide an
illuminated exit. When the interior lamps go out,
they willfade out like lights in a movie theatre.
The front seat reading lamps are turned on by pressing
the switch next to the lamp. Press
the switch again to
turn the lampoff.
If your vehicle is equipped with a sunroof,
it will have
mirror. The
built-in reading lamps on the rearview
lamps go on when you openthe doors. When the doors
off with the switch.
are closed, turn the lamps on and
2-42
Rear Reading Lamps(If Equipped)
Battery Saver
Your vehicle is equipped with a battery saver feature
designed to protect your vehicle’s battery.
When any interior lamp (trunk, reading, footwell, vanity
mirror or glove box)is left on andthe ignition is off,the
battery saver system will automatically turn
the lamp off
after 20 minutes. This will avoid draining the battery.
This system does not protect against leaving
on
the headlamps.
To reactivate the interior lamps, either:
The rear seat reading lamps are turned
on by pressing
the switch next to the lamp above the rear doors. Press
the switch again to turn
the lamp off.
0
The ignition must be turned on,
0
The activated lamp switch must be turned
off then
on, or
0
A front door must be opened.
The battery saver feature will also be activated when
any dooris left open.
Trunk Lamp
The trunk lamp comes on when you open
the trunk.
2-43
Mirrors
Power Remote Control Mirror
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror
When you are sittingin a comfortable drrving position,
adjust the mirrorso you can see clearly behind your car.
If you have the optional
power mirror, the control is
located on the driver’s door.
Moving the day/night adjustmentat the bottomof the
mirror allows you to change the mirror to avoid glare
from the lights behind you.
Outside Mirrors
To adjust either outside
mirror, rotate the knob
located on the door.
Rotate the control tothe left (L) or right (R) to choose
the mirror you want to adjust. Then move the control
in
to move the mirror. Adjust each
the direction you want
rnirror so you canjust see the sideof your car and the
urn
area behind your car.Turn the knob to the center tto
the remote control mirroroff.
2-44
Convex Outside Mirror
Center Console Storage Area(If Equipped)
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curvedso you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hita vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
\
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
Use the key to lock and unlock the glove box.
To open,
pull the handle toward you.
The armrest opens intoa storage areafor cassette tapes,
gloves, etc. To open it, lift up on the driver’s sidefront
is located under
portion of the armrest. A tissue holder
the lid of the armrest.
There is also an auxiliary power
outlet located in the
center console storage area.
To use the auxiliary power
outlet, see “Auxiliary Power Outlet” later
in this section.
2-45
Center Console Cupholder(If Equipped)
Ashtrays and Lig:
The console provides space
for holding a cupor soft
drink. To access the cupholder, pullthe lid forward.
Rear Seat Cupholder(If Equipped)
The location of your ashtray and lighter depends
on
where your shift leveris. If your vehicle is equipped
with a console shift lever, the front ashtray
is located at
the frontof the center console.Lift the cover to revealit.
The rear of the console provides spacefor holding a cup
To access
or soft drink for the rear passengers as well.
the cupholder, pull thelid downward.
The rear ashtray can be opened by rotating
it in
either direction.To remove the ashtray, push down on
the snuffer.
Convenience Net(If Equipped)
If your vehicleis equipped with a steering column shift
lever, the ashtrayis located just below the audio system.
Pull back the cover to reveal the ashtray,
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll
see it
just inside the back wall
of the trunk. Put small loads,
like grocery bags, behind the net.
It can help keep them
from falling over during sharp turns or quick starts and
istops.
The net isn’tfor larger, heavier loads.Store them
-.
gn the trunk asfar forward as you can.You can unhook
; ~nete so that it willlie flat when you’re not using
it.
2-46
I NOTICE:
1
Don’t put papers or other flammable things
into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
a
smoking materials could ignite them, causing
damaging fire.
The cigarette lighteris near the ashtray. To use the
cigarette lighter, pushit in allthe way and let go. When
it’s ready,it will pop back byitself.
NOTICE:
outlet. Be sure to followthe proper installation
instructions thatare included with any electrical
equipment you install.The accessory power outletis
protected by a fuse and has a maximum current
level.
Garment Hook
Your vehicle is equipped
with a garment hook.To
use, push down on the
tab marked with a coat
hanger symbol.
If you hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating, it won’t be able to back away
from the heating element when it’s ready. That
can makeit overheat, damaging the lighter and
the heating element.
Sun Visors
Visor Vanity Mirror(If Equipped)
The lighted visor vanity mirror lights up when
the
mirror coveris opened. Closing the mirror cover turns
off the lamps.
Accessory Power Outlet
(If Equipped)
If you have an accessory power outlet, you can plug
in
an additionalelectrical accessory. Just openthe center
console armrest and remove
the-plug from the accessory
Instrument Panel
Your instrument panelis designed to let you know at a
glance how your caris running. You’ll know how fast
you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many
other things you’ll need to knowto drive safely
and economically.
2-47
2-48
The main componentsof your instrument panel are:
A.Vent
I. Console Gear Shift Lever(If Equipped)
B. Turn SignaYMultifunction Lever
J. Ashtray and Lighter
C.Horn
K. Audio System
D. Hazard Warning Flashers Switch
L. Ignition Switch
E. Instrument Panel Cluster
E Rear Window Defogger Switch
M. Tilt Steering Wheel Lever
N. Hood Release Handle
G. Climate Control System
0. Interior Lamp Control Switch
H. Glove Box
P. HeadlampSwitch
~~
~~
~
-
~
~
~-
.
~~~~~~
~~~~~
~
~
~
~
~~~
~
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your Buickis equipped with one of the following instrument panel clusters, which include indicator warning lights
Be sure to read about those that apply
to the instrument cluster
and gages that are explained on the following pages.
in your vehicle.
Standard Cluster
-
.
~
-
United States version shown, Canada similar
2-50
Optional Cluster
-
APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT FROM PARK
2-51
Trip Odometer
I,
1-
A trip odometercan tell
you how many miles you
have driven since you
last
set it to zero. To reset it;
push the button,
Tachometer (If Equipped)
I
l
l The tachometer tells you
how fast the engine is
running. It displays
engine speedin hundreds
of revolutions per
minute (rpm).
2-52
tt I/
Warning lights come on when there may beisora
problem with one of your vehicle’sfunctions. As you
NOTICE:
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
the red area, or engine damage may occur.
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle.The pictures will help you
locate them.
is
Warning lights and gages can signal that something
wrong beforeit becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repairor replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or
others from injury.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
know when
warning lights work together to let you
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When oneof the warning lights comes on and stays
on
when you are driving, or when one
of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairscan be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please getto know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
When the keyis turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come onfor about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety is
belt
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for about
55 seconds.
Bag” in the Index.
Jf the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
inor the light will come on.
AIR
BAG
This light will come on
when you start your engine,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the systemis ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
engine or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
The air bag readiness light should flash
for a few
RUN. If the
seconds when youturn the ignition key to
light doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
’
2-54
Brake System Warning Light
Battery Light
lil
When you start the
engine, this light will come
on briefly, to show that
your generator and
battery charging systems
are working.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into
part can
two parts.If one part isn’t working, the other
still work andstop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, thereis a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
If the light stays on afterthe engine is started, you need
service, and shouldtake your vehicleto the dealerat
once. To save your battery until youget there, turn off
all accessories, andset your climate control system
to OFF.
BRAKE
I
I
United States
I
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you
turn the
ignition key toRUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
if there’s a problem.
fixed so it will be ready to warn you
2-55
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light
on can lead
to an accident.If the lightis still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towedfor service.
When the ignitionis on, the brake system warninglight
will also comeon when you set your parking brake. The
light will stayon if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brakeis fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
2-56
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light
(If Equipped)
The Enhanced Traction System warning light
may come
on for the following reasons:
r
If you turn the system off by moving
the shift lever
to FIRST (1) or SECOND (2),the warning light will
come on and stay on.To turn the system back on,
move the shiftlever back to a position other than
HRST (1) or SECOND (2).The warning light
should go off.(See “Enhanced Traction System”in
the Index for more information.)
0 The warning light will come on when you
set your
parking brake withthe engine running, andit will
If
stay onif your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
the transaxle shiftlever is in any position other than
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and the warning light
is fully released, it
stays on after your parking brake
means there’s a problem with the system.
0 If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem,the system will turn off and
the warning light will comeon.
If the Enhanced Traction System warning light comes
on and stays onfor an extended periodof time when
the transaxle shift leveris in any position other than
FIRST (1) or SECOND ( 2 ) and the parking brakeis
fully released, your vehicle needs service.
I
ETS
OFF
WiththeEnhancedTraction
System (ETS), this warning
light should come on briefly
as you startthe engine.
If the warning light doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the warning light stays on, or comes on when you’re
driving, there may be a problem with your Enhanced
Traction System and your vehicle may need service.
When this warninglight is on, the system will not
limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
0
2-57
c
Low Coolant Warning .Light
If this light comeson and
LOW
COOLANT
1
stays on, the vehicle should
promptly be pulledoff
the road and the coolant
level checked.
See “Engine Coolant”in the Index.If there are visible
in the Index
signs of steam, see “Engine Overheating”
before opening the hood.
This means that your engine coolant has overheated.
If
you have been operating your vehicle under normal
off the road, stop
driving conditions, you should pull
your vehicle and turnoff the engine assoon as possible.
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual
shows you what
to do. See “Engine Overheating” inthe Index.
2-58
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light)
CHECK
ENGINE
United States
NOTICE:
CHECK
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operationof the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This systemis called OBDI1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) andis intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels
for the life
of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
is required.
indicate that thereis a problem and service
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problemis apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system
is also
designed to assist your service technician
in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
This light should come on, as a check to show
you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
it repaired.
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have
This light will also come on during a malfunction
in one
of two ways:
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected
on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
2-59
Have you recently changed brands
of fuel?
If so, be sure tofuel your vehicle with qualityfuel (see
“Fuel’’ in the Index). Poorfuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may
notice this as stalling afterstart-up, stalling when you
put the vehicleinto gem, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go awayonce the engineis warmed up.)
This will be detected by
the system and causethe light
to turn on.
If you experience one or moreof these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use.It will require atleast one
full tank of the proper fuel to turnthe light off.
If none of the above steps have made
the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check
the
vehicle. Your dealer hasthe proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools tofix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Oil Pressure Warning Light
This light tells youif there
could be a problem with
your engineoil pressure.
This light can come on briefly, which
is normal and
doesn’t show a problem:
As a bulb check, the light comes on when you turn
is
your key toRUN and goes off when the engine
If
it
doesn’t,
be
sure
to
have
it
fixed
so
it
will
started.
be there to warn you.
For the four cylinder engine, when idlingat a stop
In addition,
sign, thelight may blink on and then off.
if you make a hard stop,the light may come on
for a moment.
But, when this lightcomes on and stays on, it means oil
isn’t going through your engine properly.
You could be
low on.oil, or you might have some other oil problem.
2-61
1
Don’t keep drivingif the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine canbecome so hot thatit
catches fire.You or others could be burned.
Check youroil as soon aspossible and have your
vehicle serviced.
1 NOTICE:
Damage to your engine fromneglected oil
problems can becostly and is not coveredby
your warranty.
Check Oil Light (3100 Engine Only)
CHECK
OIL
IJ
This light should come on
briefly while you are
starting your engine. If the
light doesn’t come on, have
it repaired.
If the light comes on and stays on after starting your
vehicle, your engineoil level should be checked.
Prior to checking the oil level, be sure your vehicle has
a level
been shut off for several minutes and is on
surface. Check theoil level on your dipstick and bring
it
to the proper level. See “Engine Oil”
in the Index.
NOTE: A false CHECK OIL light may be generated
when parking on steep grades.
The oil level monitoring system only checks oil level
during the brief period between key on and engine start.
It does not monitor the engine
oil level when the engine
is running. Additionally, anoil level checkis only
off for a
performed if the engine has been turned
in
considerable periodof time allowing the oil normally
circulation to drain back into the pan.
2-62
Passlock Warning Light
THEFT
SYSTEM
Cruise Light
This lightwill come on
briefly when youturn the
key toward START. The
light will stay on until the
vehicle starts.
If the light flashes, the Passlock System has entered a
tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see "Passlock"
in the Index.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with
the Passlock
System. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock,
and you shouldsee your dealer.
The CRUISE light comes
CRUISE
Check ;ages Light
1
1
CHECK
GAGES
This light will come on
briefly when you are
starting the engine.
If the light comes on and stays
on while you are driving,
check your various gages see
to if they are in the
warning zones.
2-63
Fuel Gage
~
FUEL
Your fuel gage shows how
much fuel is in your tank.It
works only when the engine
is on. When the indicator
nears EMPTY (E), you still
have a little fuel left.You
need toget more right away.
Here are four concerns some owners have had about the
normal and indicate
fuel gage. All these situations are
nothing wrong with the fuel gage.
a At the gas station,
the gas pump shutsoff before the
gage readsFULL (F).
0
It takes more (orless) gas to fill up than the gage
indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated
half full, but it took more-- or less -- than half of
the tank’s capacity tofill it.
a The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed
up, or stop your vehicle.
a When you turn the engineoff, the gage doesn’tgo all
the way back to EMPTY(E).
2-64
&I
NOTES
2-65
I
2-66
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’llfind out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-5
3-6
Comfort Controls
Climate ControlSystem
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger(If Equipped)
Ventilation System
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
3-9
3- 14
3-17
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-19
3-19
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette and Compact
Disc Player with Automatic Tone Control
(If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your CompactDiscs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Fixed Mast Antenna
Rear Window Defogger Antenna
(If Equipped)
3
9
Comfort Controls
Temperature Knob
This part tells youhow to make yourair system work
for you.
Fresh air from outside your vehicle flows through your
vehicle when the caris moving. When the vehicle is not
moving, you can get outside air to flow through by
selecting any air choice and any fan speed.
The centerknob changes the temperature of the air
coming throughthe system. Turnthis knob toward red
(to the right) for warmer air. Turn
it toward blue (to the
left) for cooler air.
Climate Control System
Mode Knob
The rightknob has several settings to control the
direction of airflow. For each setting, set the temperature
knob is
to a comfortable setting. When the right control
turned to OFF,the fan and the heating and cooling
system will beoff.
MAX: This setting provides maximum cooling with
the
least amount of work. MAXrecirculates the air inside
air quickly. Adjust the
your vehicle, and cools the
temperature control to a cold setting.
3f Fan Knob
The left knob selects theforce of air you want.
3-2
NORM: This setting will circulate cooled fresh
air
through the vents.
BI-LEV: This setting allowsthe outside air to flow
through your vehiclein two ways. Cooler airis directed
to the upper portionof your body through the vent
outlets. Slightly warmer air is directed through the
heater ducts and defroster outlets.
VENT This setting allows outsideair to flow through
the instrument panel outlets.
For quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX
with
the temperature knob inthe blue area.If this setting is
used for long periodsof time, the air in your vehicle
may becometoo dry.
HTR: This setting sends mostof the air through the
heater ducts. Adjustthe temperature control to a warm
For normal cooling days, useNORM with the
setting. If youhave the engine coolant heater, you can
temperature knobin the blue area.The system will
use it in cold weather(20”F (-8 ” C) or lower) to heat
bring in outside air andcool it.
your vehicle’s passenger area quicker.The engine
coolant heater warrns theengine coolant which will
On cool but sunny days,the sun may warm your
ultimately warmthe passenger area more efficiently.
upper body, but your lower body may not be warm
(See “Engine Coolant Heater”
in the Index.)
enough. You can use BI-LEV with the temperature
kno
in the middle. The system will bringin outside air and
BLEND: This setting divides the airflow equally
direct slightly warmer air to your lower body.
You may
between the heater and the defroster outlets.
notice this temperature difference more at some times
FRONT This setting operatesthe defroster. Most
than others.
of the air comes out near
the windshield. Use this setting
when you get fogor ice on the windshield.
Heating
Air Conditioning
On cold days, useHTR with the temperature knob all
the way in the red area.The system will bring in outside
air, heatit and sendit to the floor ducts.
The air conditioner cools the air coming
into your
the
vehicle. The air conditioner works best when
windows are closed. On a very hot day, you might want If your vehicle has an engine coolant heater, you can use
it to help your system provide warm air faster when it’s
to open the windows to let the hottest airout. This
18O C) or lower).An engine coolant
cold outside (O”F(reduces thetime it takes your vehicle to cool down,
heater warms the coolant your engine and heating
which should helpfuel economy.
system use to provide heat.
See “Engine Coolant
Heater” in the Index.
3-3
If you turn on the rear defogger while driving at or above
45 mph (70 km/h), it will stay on as longas that speed
is maintained. You must press the button to shutit off.
If you drive below45 mph (70 km/h) for morethan
10 minutes, the rear defogger will automatically shut
off.
NOTICE:
Scraping the insideof your rear window could
cut and damage the heater. Your warranty would
not cover this damage. Don’t put decals there;
you might have to scrape them
off.
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
it is moving. Outside
outside air into the vehicle when
air will also enter the vehicle when the
fan is running.
Air Outlets
Adjust the direction of airflow by moving the louvered
knob.
vents with the center control
3-4
Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps airto circulate throughout
your vehicle.
Audio Systems
Your Delco Electronics audio system has been designed
to operate easily and give years
of listening pleasure.
You will getthe most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint
yourself with it first. Find out what your Delco
Electronics systemcan do and how to operate all its
controls, to besure you’re gettingthe most outof the
advanced engineering that went into
it.
Setting theClock
Ventilation Tips
0
0
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves).
The heater
and defroster will workfar better, reducing the
chance of fogging theinside of your windows.
When you enter a vehiclein cold weather, turn the
fan control to HIGH for a few moments before
driving off. This helps clearthe intake ductsof snow
and moisture, and reduces the chance
of fogging the
inside of your windows.
Press and holdHRS until the correct hour appears. Press
and holdMIN until the correct minute appears.
You may set the clock with the ignition
off if you
press RECALL first and follow the same procedure
described above.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
mCALL:Press
.
theupper.knob briefly to recall the
station being played or to display the clock.
To change
what is normally shown on the display (station or time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display
flashes. If you pressthe
knob when the ignition isoff, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to switch between
AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: This knob turns the system on and off and
controls the volume.To increase volume and turn the
to the right. Turn it to the left to
radio on, turn the knob
decrease volume.
3-6
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right orleft arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
SCAN to
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use
listen to stationsfor a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Pressone of the SEEK arrows againto stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to yourfavorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FMZ). Just:
TREB: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble.
If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease
the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
2. Press AM-EM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
Adjusting the Speakers
4. Press andhold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button,
the
station you set will return.
BAL: Turn the control behindthe upper knob to move
the sound to theleft or right speakers.The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers.
The middle
position balancesthe sound between the speakers.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen
to each of your
preset stationsfor a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again
to stop
if the station
scanning. The radio will not stop at a preset
is weak.
Setting theTone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible shouldface to the
right. If the ignition andthe radio are on,the tape can be
If you hear nothing or
inserted and will begin playing.
hear a garbled sound,the tape may not bein squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use
the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls
just as you dofor the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted.The display will showan arrow to
show whichside of the tape is playing.
3-7
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio
is
PREV (1): Press this button to search
for the previous
selection on the tape.Your tape must have at least three
off, first press EJECT or RECALL. Note thatthe
seconds of silence between each selectionfor PREV to
cassette tape adapter kits
for portable compact disc
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
players will work in your cassette tape player.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
If E and a number appear on the radio display,
the tape
won’t play becauseof an error.
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn
the
tape hubs. Removethe tape. Hold the tape with the
try to turn the right hub to the
open end down and
left with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat. If
the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be
in the player.
damaged and should not be used
Try a new tape to make sure your player
is
working properly.
Ell: The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedlyor if an error can’t be
If your radio
corrected, please contact your dealer.
displays an error number, write
it down and provide
it to your dealer when reporting the problem.
3-8
NEXT (2): Press this button to search
for the next
selection on the tape.
Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selectionfor NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK left and right arrows will
also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play while the tape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly
to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
return to playing speed.The radio will play while
the
tape advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the
side of the
tape that is playing.
00 (6): Press
this buttonto reduce background noise.
The display will showeither OFF or ON for a few
seconds when you press the button.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control (If Equipped)
Dolby Noise Reductionis manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbolare trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape.
The radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appearson the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It will still play
tapes, but you should cleanit as soon as possible to
prevent damageto the tapes and player.See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player”in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT
for five seconds to
reset the CLN indicator.The radio will display--- to
show the indicator was reset.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system
on and
off. To increase volume, turn theh o b to the right. Turn
it to theleft to decrease volume.
I
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display
the clock. To change whatis
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
the RECALL button until yousee the display you want,
then holdthe RECALL button until the display flashes.
If you press the button when the ignitionoff,
is the clock
will showfor a few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttonslet
you return to your favorite stations.
You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, sixEM1 and six FM2). Just:
Finding a Station
AMIF": Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
4. Press TONE to selectthe setting you prefer.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
5. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons.The
sound will mute. When returns,
it
release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
station you setwill return and the tone you selected
radio stations.
will be automatically selectedfor that button.
SEEK: Press theup or down arrow to go to the next
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
higher or lower station
and stay there. The sound will
P SCAN: Press this button to listen
to each of your
mutewhileseeking.
preset stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK mows for two seconds
the first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then go
and SCAN will appear onthe display. Use SCAN to
on
to the next preset station. Press SCAN
P
again to stop
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on the
to next
radio will notstop at the preset station.
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows againto stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
3-10
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will seek
and setthe 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons. AUTO
SET will flash
is
whle seeking and will remain on until this function
complete. To return to the stations you manually set,
press AUTO SET again.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increaseor decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
If a stationis weak
knob to increase or decrease treble.
or noisy, you may wantto decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back
into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed
for classical,
pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear onthe display when youfirst press
TONE. Eachtime you press it, another setting will
it again after C8z W
appear on the display. Press
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return tothe BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return
to them
and MANUAL will appear.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to
the left or right speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn
the knob to move the sound to thefront or rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
Push these knobs back
into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side withthe tape visible shouldface to the
right. If the ignition andthe radio are on,the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not inbesquarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and
start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls
just as you dofor the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tapeis inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which sideof the tape is playing.
3-11
SOURCE: Press this button tochange to the tape or
disc function whenthe radio is on. If both a tape and a
disc are installed, the systemwill first go to tape play;
TAPE SIDE andan arrow will appear onthe display.
If SOURCE is pressed again, the system will go to
disc play; CDPLAY will appear onthe display.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into
the slot, label side up.The
player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing.
If you wantto insert a CDwhile the ignition or the radio
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
EJECT The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the
button nearthe CD slot to remove adisc. Press the
button nearthe tape slot to remove a tape and the radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appears onthe display, the
cassette tape player needs
to be cleaned.It will still
play tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as possible to
prevent damage tothe tapes and player.See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” inthe Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT
for five seconds to
reset the CLN indicator.
The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
NR.
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby
You may turn Dolbv off by pressing the number
six preset.
If you’re driving on a very rough roadiforit’s veryhot,
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
the display. When thingsget back to normal, the disc
should play. If the c comes out,it could be that:
1-
0
~
E20: The disc is upside down.
E20: It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0
E20: There’s too much moisture inthe air. (Wait
about an hour and try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedlyor if an error can’t be
If your radio
corrected, please contact your dealer.
displays an error number, writeit down and provideit
to your dealer when reporting
the problem.
PREV (1):Press this button to go to the
start of the
current track, if more
than eight seconds have played.
If you holdthe button or pressit more than once,the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
3-13
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrowswill also find the
previous and next selectionson the disc.
44 (3): Press and holdthis button to quickly reverse
within a track.You will hear sound.
(4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track.You will hear sound.
,,
RAND (6): Press this button to hearthe tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RAND
again to turnoff random play.
RECALL: Press this button tosee which track is
playing. Pressit again withinfive seconds to see how
long it has been playing.To change what is normally
or elapsed time), press the
shown on the display (track
RECALL button until yousee the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until
the display flashes.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc is in the player.
~..
..~---I----.
.
I
.
~
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc
function whenthe radio is on. When a disc
is inserted,
A M - F M . Then the
the disc will play until you press
disc will stop playing i d the radio will play. Press
SOURCE again to play a disc again. CD PLAY will
show on the display.
EJECT Press this button to remove the disc. The
radio will play.
If you turn off the ignition
or radio with a disc
in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where
it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
Also, as a protection feature, if a CD
is ejected and left
in the player,it will be pulled back
in the player with the
ignition on oroff.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Your system hasthis feature if it shows THEFTLOCK”
on its face. THEFTLOCK is designed to discourage
theft of your radio. It works by using a secret code to
disable all radio functions whenever battery power
is removed.
If THEFTLOCK is active, the THEFTLOCK indicator
will flash when the ignition is
OW.
3-14
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio maybe used or
the
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and
radio is not protected by
the feature. If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radiowill not operateif stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your batteryloses power for any
reason, you must unlockthe radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The instructions whch follow explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system.
It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before startingthe procedure.
NOTE: If you allow more than15 seconds to elapse
between any steps,the radio automatically reverts to
time and you muststart the procedure over atStep 4.
1, Write down any three-digit numberfrom 000 to
1999 and keepit in a safe place separatefrom
the vehicle.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows onthe display. Next you will usethe
secret code number which you have written down.
5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
6. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
7 . Press HRS to make thefirst one or digits agree with
your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed thatthe
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REPto let you know that you
7 to confirm your
need to repeat Steps 5 through
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you h o w that your radiois secure.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
3-15
1
1
I
~
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent FeatureA r a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows;
pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. LOC appears whenthe ignition is on.
2. Press MIN and000 will appear on the display.
3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
ng e Theft-DeterrentFeature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
4. Press H R S to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC showson the display.
5. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
5 . Press AM-FM a€ter you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down. 6 . Press HRS to make the f i s t digit agree with
is
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio
your code.
now operable and secure.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed thatthe
If you enterthe wrong code eight times, INOP will
code matches the secret code you have written down.
appear on the display.You will have to wait an hour
The display will show---,indicating thatthe radio is
with the ignition on before you cantry again. When you
no longer secured.
try again, you will only have three chances to enter the
If the code enteredis incorrect, SEC will appear on the
correct code before INOP appears.
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
code is entered.
When battery poweris given to a secured radio, the
on the display.
radio won’t turn on and LOC will appear
3-16
-
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater thanfor FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
AM can pick
cause stationsto interfere with each other.
Try
up noisefrom things like storms and power lines.
reducing the treble to reduce this noiseif you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you
the best sound, butFM signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills caninterfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
Tips AboutYour Audio System
Hearing damagefrom loud noiseis almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adaptto higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seemsnormal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume controlon your radio to asafe
sound level before your hearing adaptsit.to
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
0
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sureyou can
add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very
important to doit properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation
of
your vehicle’s engine, Delco Electronics radio or
other systems, and even damage them. Your
vehicle’s systems mayinterfere with the
operation of sound equipment thathas been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be surecheck
to
Federal rules
covering mobileradio andtelephone units.
--
--
3-17
~
-~~
When using a scrubbingac;lluI1, IlUIl-dDrdSlVe r;muung
cassette, it is normal
for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
If
and a cleaning cassette may appeav as a broken tape.
the cleaning cassette ejects, insert the cassette at least
three times to ensure thorough cleaning.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type
of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner
may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The useof a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
EJECT for
After you clean the player, press and hold
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
your tape
tape is in good condition before you have
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully.Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away
from direct sunlight
If
the
surface
of
a
disc
is
soiled,
dampen a
and dust.
clean, soft clothin a mild, neutral detergent
solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure neverto touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by graspingthe outer edges orthe
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Rear Window Defogger Antenna
(If Equipped)
The rear window defogger, with this option, also serves
this option, do not apply
as a radio antenna. If you have
aftermarket glass tinting.The metallic film in some
tinting materialswill interfere with or distortthe
incoming radio reception.
NOTICE:
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised,
due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged.If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten
it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent,as it might beby vandals, you
should replaceit.
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the insideof the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Check every oncein a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened tothe fender.
3-19
&
3-20
NOTES
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find infomation about driving on different kinds
of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve
also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4- 10
4-12
4-13
4- 14
4-15
4- 17
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
4-20
4-2 1
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-25
4-29
4-3 1
4-33
4-40
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Towing a Trailer (Except3 100 V6 Engine)
4-1
4-2
I
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is
a national tragedy. It’s
the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousandsof victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How much is “too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’slota less than many might
think. Althoughit depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
drive
Alcohol affectsfour things that anyone needs to
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)of someone
who is drinking depends upon
four things:
Drunken Driving
0
Judgment
0
The amount of alcohol consumed
MuscularCoordination
0
The drinker’s body weight
Vision
0
The amount of food that is con-amedbefore an
during drinking
Attentiveness.
0 The length of time it has taken the drinker to
Police records show that almost half
of all motor
consume the alcohol.
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths arethe result of someone who was drinking According to the Arnerican Medical Association, a
and driving.In recent years, over 17,000 annual motor
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a
300,000 people injured.
of alcohol, with more than
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
Many adults-- by some estimates, nearly halfthe
of wine or three mixed drinks
if each had 1-1/2 ounces
adult population-- choose never todrink alcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, (45 ml)of a liquorlike whiskey, ginor vodka.
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasonsfor these laws.
4-3
Since alcohoI is carriedin body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limitaatBAC
of U.S. states, and
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. Zn some
other countries, it’s even lower.
The BAC limit forall
commercial driversin the United Statesis 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over
0.10 percent after three to
six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,it
depends onhow much alcoholis in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a ofBAC
0.10 percent. Research shows thatthe driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and thatthe effects are worse at night. All
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if
0.05 percent.
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
(3 ounces
the same person drank three double martinis
Statistics show that the chance of being
in a collision
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
increases
sharply
for
drivers
who
have
a BAC
of
0.12 percent. A person who
BAC would be close to
of
consumes foodjust before or during drinking will have a 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level
0.06 percent has doubledhis or her chanceof having a
somewhat lower BAC level.
of 0.10 percent, the chanceof
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have collision. At a BAC level
this
driver
having
a
collision
is 12 times greater; at a
a lower relative percentageof body water than men.
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is25 times greater!
4-4
The body takes about an hour to rid itself
of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or numberof cold
showers will speed that up.
“I’ll be carefid” isn’tthe
right answer. Whatif there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child
darts into the street?
A person witheven a moderateBAC rnight not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid
the collision.
There’s somethingelse about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s systemcan make crash injuries
worse, especially injuriesto the brain,spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher thanif the person had not been drinking.
I
Drinking and then driving
is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment canbe affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can havea serious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride
with a driver
who has been drinking. Ridehome in a cab; orif
you’re with a group, designate a driver
who will
not drink.
--
--
4-5
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people
drive in
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes(ABS). ABS is an
is a
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This
help
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between advanced electronic braking system that will
prevent a braking skid.
hard stops.Your brakes will wearout much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking.If you keep pace with the
When you start your engine, or when you begindrive
to
traffic and allowrealistic following distances, you will
away, your anti-lock brake system will
check itself. You
eliminate alot of unnecessary braking. That means
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
better braking andlonger brake life.
this testis going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves or pulseslittle.
a This is normal.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
If you do, the
normally but don’t pump your brakes.
If there’s a problem with the
pedal may get harderto push down.If your engine
anti-lock brake system, this
stops, you willstill have some power brake assist.But
warning light will stay on.
you will useit when you brake. Oncethe power assistis
See “Anti-Lock Brake
used up,it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
System WarningLight” in
will be harderto push.
the Index.
4-7
_
I
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could.The computer is programmedto
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal
jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with
ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one
of the wheelsis about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-8
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance.If you get tooclose to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or
stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead tostop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes.Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly andlet anti-lock workfor you. You may feel a
slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Enhanced Traction System
Your vehicle has an Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
that limits wheel spin. This is especially usefulin
slippery road conditions.The system operates only when
the transaxle shiftlever is in the REVERSE (R),
THIRD (3) or OVERDRlvE (0)
position andthe
system senses that one
or both of the front wheels are
spinning or beginningto lose traction. When this
happens, the system reduces engine power and may also
upshift the transaxle to limit wheel spin.
I
ETS
OFF
When the transaxle shift leveris in any position other
than FIRST(1) or SECOND (2) and the parking brake is
fully released, this warning
light will come on to
let you
See
know if there’s a problem with the system.
“Enhanced Traction System Warning Light”
in the
Index. When this warning
light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The Enhanced Traction System can operate when the
in any position other than
transaxle shift lever is
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2). To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should use
the other shift lever positions only when necessary. See
“Automatic Transaxle”in the Index. (If your vehicle
ever gets stuckin sand, mud,ice or snow, see “Rocking
Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
4-9
When you movethe shift lever to FIRST (1)or
Steering Tips
SECOND (2), the system will turn off. The Enhanced
Traction System warning light will come on and stay on. Driving OR Curves
If the Enhanced Traction System is limiting wheel spin It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
when you move the shift lever to another position, the
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
system won’tturn off right away.It will wait until
the
news happen on curves. Here’s why:
there’s no longer a current need to limit wheel spin.
of us is subject to
You can turn the system back on at any time by moving Experienced driver or beginner, each
the same lawsof physics when driving on curves.
The
(1) or
the shift lever to any position other than FIRST
traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it
SECOND (2).The Enhanced Traction System warning
possible
for
the
vehicle
to
change
its
path
when
you turn
light should gooff.
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
Braking in Emergencies
the vehicle goingin the same direction.If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake
at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more The traction you can getin a curve depends on the
than eventhe very best braking.
condition of your tires andthe road surface, the angle at
While you’re
which the curve is banked, and your speed.
Steering
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Powel
’
ing
If you lose power steering assist because me engine
stops or the systemis not functioning,you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
4-10
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems
-- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You canlose control. Refer to
“Enhanced Traction System”in the Index.
What should you do
if this ever happens? Ease up the
on
accelerator pedal, steerthe vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather
and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditionsyou’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, doit before you enterthe curve, while yourfront
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until youare out of the curve, and then
accelerate gentlyinto the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come overhill
a and
find a truck stoppedin your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out
from between
parked cars and stops rightin front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking-- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the timefor evasive action-- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking
in
Emergencies’’ earlierin this section.)It is better to
remove as much speed as you can
from a possible
collision. Then steer aroundthe problem, to theleft or
right depending on thespace available.
4-11
1
Off-Road Recovery
off the
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
OFF-ROAD RECOVERY
RECOVER
8
0
LEFT
APPROX.
QUARTERTURN
An emergencylike this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holdingthe steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
tum it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to
act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straightenthe wheel onceyou~have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
off the
pavement, recovery should be fakly easy. Ease
accelerator and then, if there isnothing in the way, steerso
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You
turn until the
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter
turn your
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
j
I
~
...
L
~~
~.~
~~~~
._
~~
~. ,
__
~~
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start yourleft lane change signal before moving out
are far enough
of the right lane to pass. When you
ahead of the passed vehicle to see
its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move backinto the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror
is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seemto be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more thanone vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
the
next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lampsare not flashing, itmay
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, makeit easy for the
following driver to get ahead
of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
.
~~
~~~~
~~
-
~-.
h any emergency, don’tgive up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or areaof less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver canlose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skidsare always possible.
The three typesof skids correspondto your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steeringin a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And
in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels
to spin.
off
A cornering skidis best handled by easing your foot
the accelerator pedal.
If you have the Enhanced Traction System, remember:
It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid.
If you do not have the Enhanced Traction System,if or
the transaxle shift lever
is not in the OVERDRIVE (@>
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
position, then an acceleration skid
is also best handled
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering by easing your foot
off the accelerator pedal.
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what
the driver has asked.
4-14
vehicle is skidding. Learnto recognize wanzing
clues -- such as enough water,ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “&ored surface” -- and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system(ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
I
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-15
~
~~
~~
~
~
~
.~
Here are some tipson night driving.
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce
the
glare from headlamps behind you.
0
Since you can’tsee as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your
so much road ahead.
headlamps can light up only
0
In remote areas, watchfor animals.
If you’re tired, pulloff the road in a safe place
and rest.
0
Night Vision
4-16
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make
lot a
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blindedby approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse bydirt on the glass. Even the inside
of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps
light up far lessof a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for properaim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer
from night
blindness -- the inability tosee in dim light-- and
aren’t even awareof it.
I
'~
Driving in Rain and OM Wet Roads
4-17
j
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
to avoid puddles.
The water may affect your brakes. Try
But if you can’t,try to slow down before you hit them.
4-18
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tiresthat they can actually ride on the water.
This can happenif the road is wet enough and you’re
is hydroplaning,
going fast enough. When your vehicle
it has little or no contactwith the road.
1 NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody
of your vehicle.If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. Butit can if your
tires do not have much tread or the
if pressure inone or
more is low. It can happenif a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The
best adviceis to slow down whenit is raining.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
pass
distance. And be especially careful when you
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-19
0
0
0
One of the biggest problems with
city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch outfor
what the other driversare doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-20
Freeway Driving
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
4-21
The exit speed is usuany posted.
Reduce your speed accordingto your speedometer, not
to your senseof motion. After drivingfor any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Before Leaving ona Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to well
be rested. If you
0
-- such as after a day’s
must start when you’re not fresh
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle readyfor a long trip? If you keep
it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go.
If it needs
service, haveit done before starting out.
Of course,
in
you’ll find experienced and able service experts
Buick dealerships all across North America. They’ll
be
ready and willing to help if you need
it.
4-22
Wiper Blades:Are they in good shape?
0
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip.Is the tread good enoughfor
long-distance driving? Arethe tires all inflated tothe
recommended pressure?
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weamer outlook
along your route? Should you delay
your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is itjust plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with
the same scenery, along withthe hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, andthe rush of the wind
against the vehicle thatcan make you sleepy. Don’t let
it
happen to you! If it does, your vehiclecan leave the
road in Zess than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can youdo about highway hypnosis? First,be
aware thatit can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-23
If you drive regularly in steep country,
or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehiclein good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard
on
mountain roads.
Know how to go down hills.
The most important
thing to knowis this: let your engine do some
of th.e
slowing down. Shift toa lower gear when you go
down a steepor long hill.
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could getso
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poorbraking or even none going downa
You could crash. Always have your engine qnning
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
hill.
Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest
gear possible.
If you don’t shift down, your brakescould
get so hot thatthey wouldn’t work well. You
would then have poor braking or
even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to
let
your engineassist your brakeson a steep
downhill slope.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide
or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stayin your own lane.
As you go over the top
of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalledorcar
an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alertto these and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tipsfor winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel,a.flashlight, a red cloth and a
if you will
couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of burlap bags
of sand, a pieceof old carpet or a couple
to help provide traction.Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-25
Driving on Snowor Ice
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.”
Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the
ice can be even more trouble because
it may offer the
road probably have good traction.
least traction of all. You can get wetice when it’s about
to
freezing (32”F; 0 C) and freezing rain begins fall.
However, if thereis snow or ice between your tires and
ice until salt and sand crews
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll Try to avoid driving on wet
can get there.
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow-- drive with caution.
O
/
If you havethe Enhanced Traction System, keep the
transaxle shift leverin the OVERDRIVE(03)position
so the system will be able to operate. It will improve
your ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery
road. Even though your vehicle has this system, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. See “Enhanced Traction System”in
the Index.
If you don’t have the Enhanced Traction System,
If
accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin
and
polish the surface under the tires even more.
4-26
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard
stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Allow greater following distance onany
slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road rnight be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.
On an
otherwise clearroad, ice patches may appearin
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass may
If
remain icy whenthe surrounding roads are clear.
you see a patchof ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation.You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you knowfor sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to s u m o n help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
0
Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-27
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
~
i
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
warm.
tuck under your clothing to keep
I
~
~
You can run the engine to keep
warm, but be careful.
4-28
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly
CO (carbonmonoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it orsmell it, so you might not
know it is in yourvehicle. Clear away snow from
around thebase of your vehicle, especiallyany
that is blocking your exhaustpipe. And check
around again from time
to time to besure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side
of the
vehicle that’s away from thewind. This will help
keep CO out.
t
Run your engine only aslong as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make
it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps
the
battery charged.You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possiblyfor signaling later on
with your headlamps.Let the heater runfor a while.
Then, shutthe engine off and closethe window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Startthe engine again
and repeatthis only when youfeel really uncomfortable
from the cold. Butdo it as little as possible. Preservethe
fuel as long as you can.To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour orso until help comes.
Towing Your Vehicle from the Front
L
m
Recreational Vehicle Towing
There may be times when you want to tow your vehicle Follow these steps:
behind another vehiclefor use at your destination. Be
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
sure to usethe proper towing equipment designed
for
recreational towing. Followthe instructions for the
towing equipment.
NOTICE:
Do not tow your vehicle with the front wheels in
contact with the ground, or the automatic
transaxle could be damaged.
2. Set the paking brake.
3. Open the fuse panel located on the driver’s side
of
the instrument panel. Remove the fuse labeled
PRNDL. This will keep your battery from draining
while towing.
4. Turn the ignition key to
OFF to unlockthe steering
wheel. See “Ignition Positions” inthe Index.
in a straight-ahead
5. Clamp the steering wheel
position, with a clamping device designed
for towing.
Towing Your Vehicle from the Rear
8
m
-’ m
6 . Release the parking brake.
When you are finished towing, make sure you replace
e PRNDL fuse in the instrument panel fuse block.
NOTICE:
Do not tow your vehicle from the rear, or your
vehicle could be badly damaged and the costly
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
4-30
Loading Your Vehicle
[hl
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
FRT. CTR. RR.
TOTAL
LBS.
KG
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY
WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
PRESSURE
SPEED
SIZE TIRE
PSI/KPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa
SEEOWNER‘S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
, INFORMATION
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR
FRT
GAWR
I
RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
The other label is
the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door.It tells you the gross
weight capacityof your vehicle, calledthe GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).
The GVWR includesthe
weight of the vehicle, all occupants,fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWRfor your vehicle,or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)for either the front or
rear axle.
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight
it
may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Informationlabel
found onthe rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle.
It also gives you
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
important information about the number
of people that
it out. Don’t carry more than 132 lbs. (60 kg) in
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
your trunk.
carry. This weightis called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includesthe weight of all occupants, cargo and all
nonfactory-installed options.
A CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on yourvehicle can
break, or itcan change theway your vehicle
handles. These could causeyou to lose control.
Also, overloading can shorten thelife of
your vehicle.
4-32
I
Things you put inside yourvehicle can strike
and injurepeople in a sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
Put things in the trunkof your vehicle. In a
trunk, put themas far forward asyou can.
Try to spread theweight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, likesuitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
Towing a Trailer
If you don’t usethe correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the traileris too heavy, the
brakes may not workwell or even at all. You
and your passengerscould be seriously injured.
You may alsodamage your vehicle; the resulting
repairs would not becovered by your warranty.
Pull a traileronly if you have followed all the
steps in thissection. Ask your dealer foradvice
and information abouttowing a trailerwith
your vehicle.
--
Do not tow a trailer if your vehicle is equipped with
a
2.4L (Code T) engine.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer
if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment.
To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is
for your vehicle, you
should read the information
in “Weight of the Trailer”
is
that appears laterin this section. But trailering
different thanjust driving your vehicleby itself.
Trailering means changesin handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful,safe,trailering takes correct
equipment, andit has to be used properly.
part. In it are many
That’s the reason €or this
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and of
that
your passengers. So please readthis section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the dragof the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
4-33
If You Do DecideTo Pull A Trailer
Three important considerations have do
to with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
If you do, here are some important points:
0
0
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
A good sourcefor this
also where you’ll be driving.
information can bestate or provincial police.
Consider using a sway control.
You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
1,000 miles
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first
(1 600 km) your new vehicleis driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
0
Then, during thefirst 500 miles (800 km)that you
50 mph (80 km/h) and
tow a trailer, don’t drive over
don’t make starts atfull throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts
of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
0
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster thanthe maximum posted speed
55 mph (90 km/h)) to
for trailers (or no more than
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
4-34
the weight of the trailer tongue
0
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than
1,000 lbs. (450 kg). But
even that canbe too heavy.
It depends on how you
plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle
is used to pull a
trailer areall important. And,it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealerfor our trailering information or
advice, or youcan write us at:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550.
In Canada, write to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer CommunicationCentre
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
A
B
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A)
of any traileris an important
weight to measure because
it affects the total orgross
weight of your vehicle.The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includesthe curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. Andif you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load tothe GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too.
See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Indexfor more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying
hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh
12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight(B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see the
if weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
‘Total Weighton Your Vehicle’s Tires
:Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
!limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification label atthe rear edge of the driver’s door or
;see “LoadingYour Vehicle” in the Index. Then be sure
GVW limit for your vehicle,
:you don’t go over the
“including the weight of the trailer tongue.
afety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under
the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendationfor attaching safety
chains and do not attach them the
to bumper. Always
so
you
can
turn with your rig.
leave
just
enough
slack
It’s important to have
the correct hitch equipment.
drag on the ground.
.!Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roadsa are And, never allow safety chains to
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
Trailer Brakes
;some rules to follow:
Hoes your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read
The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
and follow the instructionsfor the trailer brakesso
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain them
try
properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
to tap into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both
0 Will you have to make any holesin the body of your
brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
vehicle when you installa trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch.If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
4-36
Driving with anailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount
of experience.
Before settingout for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know yourrig. Acquaint yourself with thefeel of
handling and braking with
the added weightof the
trailer. And alwayskeep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle
is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
This
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and suddenturns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyondthe
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check
the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains,electrical connector,
If the trailer has
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment.
electric brakes,start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure Backing Up
the brakes are working. This
lets you check your
Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand.
electrical connectionat the same time.
Then, to move the trailer the
to left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
During your trip,check occasionally to be sure thatthe
if
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
possible, have someone guide you.
are still working.
4-37
Making Turns
I
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
i
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
~
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal.Do thisso your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees other
or objects.
Avoid jerkyor sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signala turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash
for turns evenif the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you
may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear
before you start
down a long or steep downgrade.
If you don’t shift
so much that
down, you might have to use your brakes
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, use the highest gear possible.
If you cannot maintain posted speeds, driving at a
lower speed may help avoid overheating your engine
and transaxle.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill.If something goes wrong,your rig
could start to move. Peoplecan be injured, and both
your vehicle andthe trailer canbe damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on
hill,a here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, butdon’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
0
Start your engine;
0
Shift into a gear; and
0
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels. 3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
regular brakes until the chocks absorb
the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
PARK (P).
brake, and then shift to
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-39
4-40
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what todo about some problems that can occur the
on road.
5- 2
5- 2
5- 3
5- 8
5- 14
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5- 16
5- 22
5- 22
5- 33
5- 34
Cooling
System
If aTire Goes Flat
ChangingaFlatTire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-1
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you
may want to use
another vehicle andsome jumper cables tostart your
Buick. But please followthe steps below to do it safe:ly.
NOTICE:
Ignoring thesesteps could result in
costly damage
to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
Trying tostart yourvehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage yourvehicle.
Batteries canhurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burn
you.
0 They contain gasthat canexplode or ignite.
They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these stepsexactly, some or all
of these things canhurt you.
5-3
1. Check the other vehicle.It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the othersystem isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, bothvehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the j u m p cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other.If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want.You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibilityof the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Putan automatic
in
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle
NEUTRAL (N) before setting the parking brake.
5-4
3.
‘
T
u
r
n
off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turnoff all lamps that aren’t needed, as well
as radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both
batteries. In addition, it could save your radio.
NOTICE:
If you leave your radioon, it could be badly
damaged. The repairswouldn’t be coveredby
your warranty.
An electric fan canstart up even when the engine
is not running andcan injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
4. Open the hoods andlocate both batteries.
Find the positive (+) and negative(-) terminals on
each battery.
Using a match neara battery cancause battery
gas to explode. People have beenhurt doing this,
and some have been blinded.Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough
water. You don’t
need toadd water to the
AC Delco Freedom’
battery installed inevery new GM vehicle. But if
a battery hasfiller caps,be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add waterto take
care of that first.If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can
burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with
water andget medical helpimmediately.
5. Check thatthe jumper cables don’t have looseor
missing insulation.If they do, you could
get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, hereare some
things you should know. Positive(+ ) will go
to positive (+) and negative(-) will go to a
metal engine part. Don’t connect positive(+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would
damage the battery and maybe otherparts too.
Fans or other
moving engine parts can injure
you
badly. Keep your handsaway frommoving parts
once the engine is running.
5-5
'
"
7. Don't let the other end
touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+ )
terminal of thegood
battery. Usea remote
8. Now connect the
black negative (-) cable
,,: tothegoodbattery's
.
negative (-) terminal.
6 . Connect the red positive(+) cable to the positive(+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive(+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-6
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B . Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
5-7
ng7 u1
e
Try to have a Buick dealer or a professional towing
service tow your Skylark. They can provide
the right
equipment and know-how to tow your vehicle without
damage. (See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.)
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since
it
was factory-newby adding aftermarket itemslike fog
l a p s , aero skirting,or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0
That your vehicle cannot be towed from thefront
with sling-type equipment.
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make, model and yearof your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations.The operator may
want to see them.
5-8
I
To help avoid injury to you or others:
Never let passengers ride in avehicle that is
being towed.
Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
Never get under your vehicle after ithas
been lifted by the tow truck.
0 Always secure thevehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing it.
0 Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
~CAUTICPN:
A vehicle can fall from a car carrier
if it isn’t
adequately secured. This can causecollision,
a
serious personal injury and
vehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured
with chains or
steel cables beforeit is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing,etc.) that canbe cut by sharp
edges underneath thetowed vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted h the T-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They will damage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition
key off. The steering wheel should be clamped
in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s
steering columnlock for this. The transaxle should be
in NEUTRAL (N), and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on
the front wheels,
unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed
on the
front wheels (see speed and distance restrictions
later in
If these
this section)your transaxle will be damaged.
limits must be exceeded, then the
front wheels have to
be supported on a dolly.
5-9
Front Towing
Do nottow with sling-type equipment orfascidfog
lamp damage will occur.
5-10
NOTICE:
Attach a separate
safety chain xound the
outboard .endof each.
, lo,wer control arm.
-
Rear Towing
Attach T-hook chainson
both sides in the slotted
holes in the bottomof the
fkme rail just ahead of
Tow Limits -- 55 rnph (88 kmh), 500 miles (800 k m )
NOTICE:
Before hooking up to a tow truck,be sure to read all the
information in “Towing Your Vehicle” earlierin this
hook-up for your
section. Also be sure to use the proper
particular vehicle.
5-12
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the rear
bumper valancewill be damaged. Use a wheel-lift
or carcarrier equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for the car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
NOTICE: (Continued)
Attach a separate safety
chain to eachside of the
axle inboardof the spring.
NOTICE: (Continued)
~
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces
could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to groundor vehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, installa
towing dolly and raise thevehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground
and/or wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attachwinch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using
car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in the
T-hook slots.
NOTICE:
1
Ignition key must be in theOFF position to
keep the automatic door locks from locking
during tow.
5-13
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage andLOW
a
COOLANT waming light onyour vehicle’s instrument
panel. See “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage”and.
“Low Coolant Warning Light”
in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam froman overheated engine canBurn you
badly, even if you just open thehood. Stay away
from the engine
if you see or hear steamcoming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from thevehicle until it cools down.Wait until
there is no sign of steam orcoolant beforeyou
open thehood.
If you keep drivingwhen your engineis
overheated, the liquidsin it can catchfire. You or
others couldbe badly burned. Stop your engine
if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because
you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-14
If No Steam Is ComingFrom Your Engine
If you getthe overheat warning butsee or hearno
steam, the problem may not betoo serious. Sometimes
the engine can get little
a too hot when you:
0
Climb a longhill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
II you
get the overheat warningwith no sign of I
try thisfor a minute orso:
am,
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower
for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you candrive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, see
to
if you still have the
if the warning stops. But then,
warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyone out of
the vehicleuntil it cools down.
You may decide not tolift the hood but to get service
help right away.
2. Turn on your heaterto full hot at the highest fan
speed and openthe window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift toNEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (03)
or THIRD (3).
5-15
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to
lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
3100 (Code M) Engine
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Fan
2.4L (Code T) Engine
5-16
A CAUTION:
An electric enginecooling fan under the
hood can
start upeven when the engine is not running and
can injureyou. Keep hands, clothing and
tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolantinside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
If it isn’t, you may have a leak
in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in
the cooling system.
Heater and radiatorhoses, and otherengine
parts, canbe very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run theengine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, itcould lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire,and you could be burned.
Get any leakfixed before you drive thevehicle.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your
engine
without coolantisn’t covered by your warranty.
The coolant level should be at the
FULL COLD mark.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fan is running.
If the
engine is overheating,the fan should be running.If it
isn’t, your vehicle needs service.
I
A
I
5-17
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but
the coolant level
isn’t atthe FULL COLD mark, add a50/50 mixture of
clean water (preferably distilled) and [email protected]
coolant at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is cool before youdo it. (See “Engine Coolant”in the
Index for more information.)
Steam and scalding liquids from
a hot cooling
system canblow out and burnyou badly. They
are underpressure, and if you turn thecoolant
surge tank pressure cap even a little they
can come out at high speed. Never turn the cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap,
is hot. Wait for
the cooling system and coolant surgetank
pressure cap tocool if you ever have toturn
the pressurecap.
--
5-18
--
Adding only plain water to your
cooling system
can be dangerous. Plainwater, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixturewill. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning systemis set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain wateror thewrong mixture,
CAUTION: (Continued)
your enginecould get too hot butyou wouldn’t
get the overheatwarning. Your engine could
catch fire andyou or otherscould be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
[email protected]
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water canfreeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So
use the recommended coolant.
I
1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no
longer hot. Turn the pressurecap slowly about
one-quarter turn to the left and then stop.
If you hear ahiss, wait for that to stop.A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol
and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant ona hotengine.
Changing a lat 1 re
~
If a tire goes flat, avoid furthertire and wheel damage
by driving slowly toa level place.Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
C1 nging a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slipoff the jack and
roll overyou or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire.To help
prevent thevehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brakefirmly.
2. Put the shiftlever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain thevehicle won’t move,
you can putblocks at the front and rear
of the
tire farthestaway from the one
being changed.
That would be the tire on the other of
side
the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
Removing the Spare’Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need
is in the trunk. Pull the
carpeting from the floor
of the trunk. Turn the
center retainer nut on
the
compact spare tire housing
to the left to removeit.
Lift and remove the cover.You will findthe jacking
instructions label onthe underside of the tire cover. See
“Compact Spare Tire” later in this sectionfor more
information aboutthe compact spare.
The following steps will tell you how to usejack
the and
change a tire.
5-23
Turn the wing nut to the left
and removeit. Then lift off
the
the adapter and remove
spare tire.
Remove thejack and wheel wrenchfrom the trunk.Your
vehicle’s jack and wheel wrench are storedin a foam
tray. Removethe band from around the
jack.
The tools you’ll be using include
the jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B).
5-24
Spare Tire
18” (46cm)
18” (46cm)
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehiclefall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack
lift head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
5. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel French to the
off the ground so
right. Raise the vehicle far enough
there is enough room
for the spare tire to fit.
6. Remove all of the wheel nuts.
5-27
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
L
7. Remove the wheel cover from the wheel, ifyour
vehicle has them. Then remove the wheel.
5-28
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, canmake thewheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and causean accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places
the
where thewheel attaches to thevehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but
be sure touse a scraper orwire
brush later,if you need to, to get all therust or
dirt off.
Never useoil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nutsmight come loose. Yourwheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
i
I
9. Replace the wheel nuts
with the cone endof the
nuts toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by
hand or with the wheel
wrench until the wheel
is held against the hub.
10. Lower the vehicle by rotatingthe wheel wrench to
the left. Lower the jack completely.
11. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightenedwheel nuts canlead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
I
I
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the
wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to
an accident.
Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, besure toget new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhereas soon as you can and have
the nuts tightenedwith a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N*m).
NOTICE:
If
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage thecover or the spare.
I
Storing the Flat
2
am
~
11s
A CAUTION:
G
1
Storing a jack, a tire or oth'er equipmeat
in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injuryIn a sudden stopor collision, loose
all these
equipment could strike someone. Store
~
the
I
Iproper pl'ace.
A.
wheelsB.
C.
D.
Wrench
Jack
Flat Road Tire
Adapter
E. Extensioe (Aluminum
only)
E Wing Nut
G. Cover
H. Nut
Storing the Spare Tire and
Tools
B
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
The compact spareis for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire soon
as as you
See the
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index.
storage instructions labelto replace your compact spare
into your trunk properly.
5-32
A. Wrench
B. Jack
C . Compact Spare
D. Adapter
E. Wing Nut
E Cover
G. Nut
NOTICE:
~
~~
~
I
8
’
I
i
When the compact spare
is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car
wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can
get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire wheel,
and
and maybe other partsof your vehicle.
~~
Don’t use your compact spare
on other vehicles.
And don’tmix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t
fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
I NOTICE:
Tire chainswon’t fit your compact spare.Using~
them can damage your
vehicle and can damage
the chainstoo. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
What you don’t want todo when your vehicle is stuckis
to spin your wheels too
fast. The method knownas
“rocking” can helpyou get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
NOTICE:
Spinning yourwheels can destroyparts of your
vehicle as well as the tires.If you spin thewheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle backand
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
For information about using tire chains
on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the I1 :x.
If you let your tires spin
at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxleor other parts
of the vehicle
can overheat.That could causean engine
compartment fireor otherdamage. When you’re
stuck, spin thewheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin thewheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) asshown
on the speedometer.
5-34
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel
left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels aslittle as possible. (If your vehicle
has the Enhanced Traction System, shift back and forth
between REVERSE (R) and FIRST(1) or SECOND (2),
spinning the wheels as little as possible.) Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxle
is in gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towedout. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle” inthe Index.
&
NOTES
5-35
,[email protected]%
5-36
NOTES
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-5
6- 8
6-8
6- 12
6-18
6-19
6-22
,625
6-25
6-25
6-27
6-28
6-3 1
6-32
6-38
6-39
6-47
6-48
6-50
6-51
6-54
6-55
6-56
6-61
6-61
6-62
6-62
6-62
S rvice
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer €or
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine
GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do someof your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper Buick Service Manual.
It tells
you much more about how
to service your vehicle than
see
this manual can.To order the proper service manual,
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Air
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your
Bag-Equipped Vehcle” in the Index.
[email protected]
Genuine
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and thedate.of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record”in the Index.
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
to do service work on a
damaged if you try
vehicle without knowing enough about
it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-2
Fuel
0
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused.
If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off.You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outsideof
Your Vehicle
Things you might add
to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow aroundit. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment the
to outside of
your vehicle.
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. At a minimum,it should meet specifications
ASTM D4814 inthe United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA)for better vehicle performance
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be surethe posted octane is at least87. If the octaneis
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine.
If you’re usingfuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But
don’t worryif you hear alittle pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane
fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’sthe heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
6-3
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
are now required to contain additives that will help
label), itis designed to operate on fuels that meet
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and
fuel
California specifications.If such fuels are not available system, allowing your emission control system to
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
anything tothe fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
federal specifications, but emission control system
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator reformulated gasolines may be available
in your area to
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your help clean the air. General Motors recommends that you
vehicle mayfail a smog-check test.If this occurs, return use these gasolines if they comply with the
to your authorized Buick dealerfor diagnosis to
specifications described earlier.
determine the causeof failure. In the eventit is
determined that the cause
of the condition is the type
of
NOTICE:
fuels used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
Your vehicle was not designed
for fuel that
emissions contain an octane-enhancing additive called
contains methanol. Don't use it. It can corrode
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT);
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
ask your service station operator whether
or not his fuel
contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn't
use of such gasolines.If fuels containing MMT are used, be covered under your warranty.
spark pluglife may be reduced and your emission
control system performance may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lampon your instrument panel
may turn on. If this occurs, return
to your authorized
Buick dealerfor service.
I
6-4
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
If you plan on drivingin another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hardto
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other
fuel not
recommended in the previous texton fuel. Costly repairs
caused by useof improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check onfuel availability, ask an auto club, or
the
contact a majoroil company that does business in
country where you’ll be driving.
You can alsowrite us at the following addressfor
advice. Just tellus where you’regoing and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
A
A CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smokeif you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
6-5
Pull up on the release lever to unlatch fuel
the door. It is
located onthe floor to theleft of the driver’s seat.
While refueling, hang the tethered
fuel cap on the hook
inside thefuel door.
The remote fuel filler door release can help keep your
fuel tank from being siphoned. Always be sure
the fuel
door is closed and latched after refueling
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to theleft
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring it;
inif you let
go of the cap too soon,it will spring back to the right.
The capis behind a hinged dooron the right sideof
your vehicle.
6-6
If you get gasoune on yourself and then
something ignites it,you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out
on you if you open the
fuel fillercap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tankis nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap
slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the capall the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline
from
painted surfaces as soon as possible.
See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you putthe cap back on, turn
it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fullyinstall the cap.The diagnostic system can
determine ifthe fuel cap has beenleft off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporateinto the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp”in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer canget one foryou. If you get
the wrong type,it may not fit properly. This
may
cause your malfunction indicatorlamp to light
and your fueltank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking ThingsUnder the Hood
The following section tells you
how to check fluids,
the hood.
lubricants and important parts under
Never fill a portable fuel containerwhile it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the
container can ignite the
gasoline vapor. You can
be badlyburned and yourvehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoidinjury to you and others:
Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
0 Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
0 Bring thefill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until thefilling is complete.
0 Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
An electric fan under thehood can start up and
injure you even whenthe engineis not running.
Keep hands, clothing and
tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
Things that burncan get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids likegasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids,and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned.Be careful not to drop
or spill
things that will burn ontoa hotengine.
A
B.
C.
Engine Oil
The following section will tell
you how to checkyour
engine oil.Only the 3100 engine is equipped with a
CHECK OIL light on the instrument panel.
1
CHECK
If the CHECK OIL light on
OIL
the instrument panel comes
on, it means you needto
check your engineoil level
right away. For more
information, see “Check Oil
Light” in the Index.
You
should check your engine
oil level regularly; this is an
added reminder.
I
It’s a good idea to check your engine
oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading,oilthe
must
warm
and
the
vehicle
must
be
on
level
ground.
be
The engine oil dipstick handleis yellow.
6-12
2.4L Engine
The engine oil dipstick on the
2.4L engine is located at
the rearof the engine.
Checking EngineOil
Pull outthe dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel or
cloth, then pushit back in allthe way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down,and check the level.
3100 Engine
The engine oil dipstick on the3 100 engine is located
directly behindthe engine fan.
T m off the engine and give theoil a few minutes to
drain back into theoil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not showthe actual level.
6-13
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to addat least one quartof oil. But you must use the
of oil to use.For
right kind.This part explains what kind
crankcase capacity,see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
I NOTICE:
~
~~
Don’t add too much oil.
If your engine hasso
much oil that theoil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
2.4L Engine
The engine oilfill cap onthe 2.4L engine is located on
the left side of the engineby the coolant surge tank.
What Kind of Engine Oilto Use
Oils recommendedfor your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates thatthe oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).Do not use anyoil which
does not carrythis Starburst symbol.
3100 Engine
The engine oil fill cap onthe 3 100 engine is located at
the front of the engine near the engine oil dipstick.
Be sure tofill it enough to putthe level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all way
the
back in when you’re through.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you useoil that has
the Starburst symbol onthe
front of the oil container.If
you have your oil changed
for you, be surethe oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certifiedfor
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity
oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
RECOMMENDEDSAEUISCOSITYGRADE ERIGINE OILS
-'
HOT
WEATHER
7
"C
t 38
t 21
t 16
t4
-7
GM [email protected] meets all the requirements€or
-18
your vehicle.
1
2
I
IER
DO NOT USE ShE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
I
I
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your dealer
is ready to
advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these is truefor you, usethe short tripkity
maintenance schedule:
0 Most trips areless than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are belowfreezing.
If none of them is true, use the long
triphighway
maintenance schedule. Change the oil and
filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to
break down slower.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engineoil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy
for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t
let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
0 Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
0 Most trips are through dusty
areas.
the manufacturer’s warnings about
the use and disposal
0 You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on of
top of oil products.)
your vehicle.
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
0 The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose
of oil
or otherc o r n xial application.
by putting it in the trash, pouringit on the ground, into
Driving under these conditions causes engine
oil to
sewers, orinto streams or bodiesof water. Instead,
break down sooner.If any oneof these is true for your
oil. If
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
vehicle, then you need to change your oil filter
and
you have a problem properly disposing
of your usedoil,
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km)or 3 months -- whichever
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
occurs first.
center for help.
~
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change
A good time tocheck your automatic transaxlefluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change boththe fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
one or
(83 000 lun) if the vehicle is mainly driven under
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches90 OF (32 " C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any
of these
conditions, the fluid andfilter do not require changing.
See "Scheduled Maintenance Services"in the Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be little
a difficult, you may
your Buick dealership
choose to have this done at
Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to followall the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
Wait at least30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid levelif you have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above
90 O F (32 " C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, whichis 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed upby driving about 15 miles
(24 km)when outside temperatures are above50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than50°F (lO"C), you may
have to drive longer.
6-19
I
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring
it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take muchfluid, generally less thanone
pint (0.5 L). Don’t [email protected]
I NOTICE:
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
in the cross-hatched area.
level. The fluid level must be
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, pushthe
dipstick backin all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use.See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
[email protected], because
fluid with that labelis
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON-111
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheckthe fluid level as
described under“How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid levelis obtained, push the
dipstick backin all the way.
If the fluid levelis low, add only enough ofthe proper
fluid to bring the level
into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
6-21
What to Use
I
If you have to add coolant
more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your coolingsystem.
NOTICE:
~~
~
~
If you use the proper coolant,you don’t haveto
add extra inhibitorsOT additives whichd a h to
improve-the system. These can harmfd.
be
~~
Checking Codant
, :Itr', 7
Adding Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
If you need more coolant, add
the proper [email protected]
coolant mixtureut the surge tank, but only whenthe
engine is cool.
You can be burnedif you spill coolanton hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol,
and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolanton a hot engine.
When replacing the pressurecap, make sure it is tight.
Your pressure capis a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must
be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating.
When you replace your surge tank pressure cap,
a
GM
cap is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a themostat
in the engine coolant system.The therrnostat stops the
flow of coolant through the^ radiator untilthe coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat,
an [email protected]
thermostat is recommended.
6-25
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartmentis cool, wipe the cap and
the topof the reservoir clean, then unscrew the cap and
wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and
completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and
look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
C mark. If necessary, add only
The level should be at the
enough fluid to bring the level up
to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kindof fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure
to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It isnot necessary to regularly check power steering
or
fluid unless you suspect thereis a leak in the system
you hear an unusual noise. fluid
A loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
6-26
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled-WASHELRFLUID OmY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
ii
6-27
f
BRAKE
Canada
When yom brake fluid faus to a low level, yaw bdce
warning-light willcame on, See “Bxake System Wayning
Light’’ in the Index.
.Always clekn the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap befine removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
. .
m8;Brake Wear
Your vehicle hasfront disc brakes and rear
drum brakes.
~
~~
~.
.
~
~
~~~
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake
squeal when the brakesare first applied or lightly
is wrong with
applied. This does not mean something
your brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn
See “CaliperKnuckle Maintenance Inspection” in
and new pads are needed.The sound may come and go or Section 7 of this manual underPart C “Periodic
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when Maintenance Inspections.”
you are pushing on the brake pedal
firmly).
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires
are rotated, inspect
brake padsfor wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence toGM specifications.
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but
if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and inspected each time
the tiresare removed for rotation or changing. When
you have the front brake pads replaced, have the rear
brakes inspected, too.
NOTICE:
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
See “Brake System Inspection”in Section 7 of this
manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections.”
6-30
~-
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put
in -- be sure
See your dealer ifthe brake pedal does not return to
you get new approvedGM replacement parts.If you
normal height, orif there is a rapid increasein pedal
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly.
For
of brake trouble.
travel. This could be a sign
example, if someone puts in brake linings thatare wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your
front and
Brake Adjustment
rear brakes can change-- for the worse.The braking
Every time you make a moderate brake stop, your disc performance you’ve cometo expect can change in many
brakes adjust for wear. If you rarely make a moderate or other ways if someone puts
in the wrong replacement
heavier stop, then your brakes might not adjust correctly. brake parts.
If you drive in that way, then -- very carefully-- make
Battery
1,000miles
a few moderate brake stops about every
(1 600 km), so your brakes will adjust properly.
Every new Buick has an AC Delco [email protected] battery.
of these. When it’s
If your brake pedal goes down
farther than normal, your You never have to add water to one
time
for
a
new
battery,
we
recommend
an AC Delco
rear drum brakes may need adjustment. Adjust
them by
Freedom battery. Getone that has the replacement
backing up and firmly applying
the brakes a few times.
number shown onthe original battery’s label.
Brake Pedal Travel
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking systemon a modern vehicleis complex. Its
many parts have to be
of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
GM brake parts. When you replace parts
of your braking
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle
for 25 days
or more, removethe black, negative(-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
6-31
Halogen Bulbs
Batteries have acidthat can burnyou and gas
that canexplode. You can be badlyhurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting’’ in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Halogen bulbs have pressurizedgas inside and
can burstif you drop or scratch the
bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructionson the bulbpackage.
Contact your dealer to learn
how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
When replacing a headlamp, do not touch the glass
portion of the new halogen bulb. The oil from your
fingers will shorten the
life of your new halogen bulb.
For the typeof bulb to use, see “Replacement Bulbs”
in the Index.
This section describes bulb changing procedures for
some of your interior and exterior lamps. For bulb
sizes, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index. For any
bulbs not listed in this section, contact your Buick dealer
service department.
6-32
1. Raise the hood. Onthe driver’s side, locate the
headlamp bulb access cover.To remove the access
cover retainers, turn them one-quarter
of a turnto the
left and slide them to
the left. Pry up on the button
fastener on the upperleft of the panel and lift the
Step 2.
cover off. On the passenger’s side, proceed to
2. Remove the top two bolts and lift the headlamp
assembly upward.
3. Twist the lock ring to the right one-sixth of a turn.
6-33
4. Pull the bulbhocket straight out from the
access cover.
5. Remove the wire connector from the bulb bylifting
the lock taband pulling it away from the plastic base.
6. Replace the bulb.
7. Reverse the procedures to reinstall the headlamp bulb.
6-34
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
Rear Exterior
Lamps
1. Gmtly lift up the trim cmer. Use a scmwdriver only
ifaecessaxy.
.
.
,
I
I
1
2. Pull of€the trim cover.
3. Gently remuve md replace the bulbs.
4. Reverse this procedure to reassemble thelamp.
A. Back-up Lamp
B. Trunk Lid Taillamp
C. StopRailiTurn Signal Lamp
Back-up and Trunk Lid Taillamps
mrn Signal and Stop/Taillamps
1. Open the trunk lid and locatethe back-up lamps on
the insideof the lid.
2. Gently remove the bulbs from the socket.
3. Replace the bulbin the socket.
4. Close the trunklid.
For the type of bulb to use, see “Replacement Bulbs”
in
the Index.
1. h l l back the trunk trim.
6-36
2. Carefully pushone end of the plastic taillamp
of
brace in while pulling the brace toward the front
the vehicle.
3. Gently wiggle the bulb outof the socket.
4. Replace the bulb.
5. Reverse the stepsto reassemble the taillamp.
Tires
L
When toCheck
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyonetell you that underinflationor
overinflation is all right.It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enoughair (underinflation), you can
get the following:
0 Too much flexing
Too much heat
0 Tire overloading
0 Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much
air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
0 Unusual wear
0 Bad handling
0 Rough ride
0 Needless damage from road hazards.
Check your tires once a month or more.
It should be at
Don’t forget your compact spare tire.
60 psi (420 Ha).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
look
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help preventleaks bv keeping out dirt
and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every
6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check
for damaged tires
or wheels. See “When It’s Timefor New Tires”
in this section for
and “Wheel Replacement” later
more information.
Don’t include the compact spare tire
in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on
the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened.See “Wheel Nut Torque”
in the Index.
The purpose of regular rotationis to achieve more uniform
wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation is the
most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
in the Index for scheduled rotation
intervals.
to
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts which
it is fastened, canmake wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change awheel, remove
any rust or dirt from
places where thewheel
attaches to thevehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; butbe
sure touse a scraper orwire brush later,if you
need to, toget all the rust or dirt
off. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the
Index.)
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
6-41
~
I
~~
~~~
~
~
When It’s Time for New Tires
~~~~~~
~
~
~~
~
~
~~
The tire has a bump, bulgeor split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
One way to tell when it’s
can’t be repaired well because
of the size or location
time for new tiresis to
of the damage.
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
Buying New Tires
appear when your tires have
To find out what kind and size
of tires you need, look at
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
the Tire-Loading Information label.
less of tread remaining.
The tires installed on your vehicle when
it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue
to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
of the following statements
You need a new tire if any
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
are true:
your vehicle.If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by“MS”
an
0 You can see the indicators at three or more places
(for mud and snow).
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
0
The tread or sidewallis cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
6-42
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
I
Mixing tirescould cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial andbias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, andyou could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to yourvehicle. Be sure touse the same
size and type tireson all wheels.
It’s all right to drive
with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on yourvehicle.
I
The following information relates to
the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles soldin the United States.)The
of most passenger
grades are molded on the sidewalls
car tires.The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not applyto deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diametersof 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars andlight trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they mustalso conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
If you use bias-ply tires on yourvehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/orwheel could
fail suddenly, causinga crash.Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-43
-
~~
~~~
~~
~
~
~
~~
~~~
~
~~
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
the wear rateof the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
of performance
The gradeC corresponds to a level
example, a tire graded150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades
graded 100. The relative performanceof tires depends
B and A represent higher levelsof performance on the
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required
by law.
may depart significantly from the norm due
to variations
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire
is
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
established for a tire thatis properly inflated and not
road characteristics and climate.
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
Traction A, B, C
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, areA, B, and
C, and they represent the tire's ability to stop on wet
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longestlife
tire
A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
and best overall performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned
to this tireis based
Treadwear
--
on braking (straight ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
--
Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and c',
representing the tire's resistance
to the generationof
heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under
6-44
Scheduled wheel align mt and wheel balancing are nox
needed. However,if you nbtice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
If you notice your vehicle
may need to be reset.
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
.. .
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
If the
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
Using the wrong replacementwheels, wheelbolts
wheel leaks air,replace it (except some aluminum
1 or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
wheels, whichcan sometimes be repaired). See your
It could affect the braking and handling
of your
dealer if anyof these conditions exist.
vehicle, make your tireslose air and make
you
Your dealer will know the kind
of wheel you need.
, lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or otherscould be injured. Always use
Each new wheel should have
the same load-carrying
the correctwheel, wheelbolts and wheel nuts
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the
for replacement.
same way asthe one it replaces.
.
-
~
~
~
If you need to replace any
of your wheels, wheel bolts
GM original
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new
equipment parts. Thisway, you will be sure to
have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your
Buick model.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problemswith
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the
body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire”
in the Indexfor more
information.
6-45
Used Replacement Wheels
NOTICE: (Continued)
Putting aused wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replacea
wheel, use a new GM original equipmentwheel.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P195/65R15 or P205/55R16 size
tires, don’t use tire chains. They can damage your
vehicle because there’s not enough clearance.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommendsit for use on your
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-46
vehicle and tiresize combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoiddamage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust orremove the
device if it’s contacting yourvehicle, and don’t
spin yourwheels.
If you do find tractiondevices that will fit, install
them on the fronttires.
If you have other tires,
use .tire chainsonly where
legal and only when youmust. Use only SAE
Class “S” type chainsthat are the proper
size
for yourtires. Install them on the front tires
and tighten themas tightly as possible with the
ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow
the chain manufacturer’s instructions.
If you
can hear thechains contacting yourvehicle, stop
and retightenthem. If the contactcontinues,
slow down until it stops. Driving too fast or
spinning thewheels with chains onwill damage
your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Acetone
PaintThinner
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into
flame if you strike a
0 Turpentine
match or get them on a part
hot of the vehicle. Some are
LacquerThinner
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anythingfrom a container to clean your
Nail Polish Remover
vehicle, be sure to followthe manufacturer’s warnings
They can all be hazardous
-- some more than
and instructions. And always open your doors or
-and
they
can
all
damage your vehicle, too.
others
windows when you’re cleaningthe inside.
Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says you can.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Gasoline
Alcohol
Benzene
LaundrySoap
Naphtha
Bleach
0 CarbonTetrachloride
ReducingAgents
6-47
6-48
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Cleaning Vinyl
Stains caused by such things catsup,
as
coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed
as follows:
Use warrn water and a cleancloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.You
may have to doit more than once.
1. Carefully scrape off excessstain, then sponge the
soiled area withcool water.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stainif
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinymeather cleaner.
See your dealerfor
this product.
2. If a stain remains, follow the multi-purpose interior
cleaner instructions described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vornitor urine, treat
the area with a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap
or
saddle soap and wipe
dry with a soft cloth. Then,let the
dry.
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to
For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.See your
dealer for this product.
Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise,chili
sauce and unknown stains
can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructionsfor
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
0
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish
on leather.
Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to workinto the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-49
Cleaning the Topof the Instrument Panel
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Use only mild soap and water
to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films on
interior glass.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Compc _--’
-~
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a sort
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners
may affect the
surface finish.
Care of Safety Belts
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches.Avoid placing decalson the inside rear
window, since they may have be
to scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside
of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Keep belts clean and dry.
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters whenrunning, wax,
sap or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
Clean the outsideof the windshield withGM
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
Windshield Cleaner, [email protected] (non-scratching
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
Cleansafetybeltsonlywithmildsoapand
windshieldisclean ifbeads do notformwhen you rinse
water.
lukewarm
water.it with
I
I
M
6-50
.~
..: 1.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Thenrinse the blade
with water.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s
finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehiclein the direct raysof the sun.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary; Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
replace blades that look worn.
You can get GM-approved cleaning productsfrom your
dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the
Weatherstrips
Index.) Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
longer, seal better, and not stick
or squeak. Apply
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to
silicone grease with a clean clothleast
at every six
Dry the finish
dry on the surface, or they could stain.
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent with a soft, clean chamoisor an all-cotton towel to
application may be required. (See “Recommended
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.)
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
your vehicle.
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth Cleaning Exterior LampsLenses
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Use lukewarm or cold water,
a soft cloth and a liquid
hand, dish orcar washing (mild detergent) soap to clean
exterior lamps and lenses. Follow instructions under
“Washing Your Vehicle.”
6-51
Finish Care
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Occasional waxingor mild polishingof your vehicle by
hand maybe necessary to remove residue from the paint
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
in the Index.)
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
Your vehicle has a “basecoatlclearcoat” paint finish. The whenever possible.
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
are
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
non-abrasive and madefor a basecoatklearcoat
(If Equipped)
paint finish.
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
NOTICE:
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing
on
The surfaceof these wheels is similarto the painted
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
finish or leave swirl marks.
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners
or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage
the
face.
roreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wasn
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
of these wheels.
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted brushes can also damage the surface
I
6-52
Cleaning Tires
Underbody Maintenance
To clean yourtires, use a stiff brush withtire
a cleaner.
Chemicals usedfor ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on
the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust)can occur on the
underbody parts such asfuel lines, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care
to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicleis damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure
the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion materialto the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Finish Damage
At least every spring, flush these materials from
the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed
in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants canfall upon and
This damage
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle.
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches
in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop
into a major repair expense.
Although no defectin the paintjob causes this, Buick
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-upwill repair, at no charge to
the owner, the surfacesof
materials availablefrom your dealeror other service
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
outlets. Larger areasof finish damage canbe corrected
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
whichever occurs first.
6-53
Appearance Care Materials Chart
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
1052870
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
1052918””
8 oz. (0.237 L)
USAGE
DESCRIPTION
Exterior polishing cloth
Polishing Cloth- Wax Treated
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Vinyl Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Glass Cleaner
Cleans and lightly waxes
Wash Wax Concentrate
TM , plastic,
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas
Armor All TM Protectant
Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner
1052929
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel
Cleaner
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture
Dry
Spot
Remover
1052930
12345002
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Armor
All TM Cleaner
sq. ft.
Synthetic
Chamois
2.51234572
1
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone
Tire
Shine
12377964
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Finish
Enhancer
12377966
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Surface
Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1052925
6-54
~~
16 oz. (0.473 L)
~~
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils
Cleans and shines a varietyof surface types
Shines vehcle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
k*Notrecommended for use on instrument panel vinyl.
~
~~~~~~
~
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find thislabel on the deck lid. It’s very helpfulif
you ever need to order parts. On this label
is:
your VIN,
This isthe legal identifierfor your vehicle. It appears on
a platein the front corner of the instrument panel, onthe
driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle.The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification andService Parts
labels andthe certificates of title and registration.
0
the model designation,
0
paint information and
0
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed
from the vehicle.
Engine Identification
The 8th characterin your VINis the engine code.This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
6-55
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
..Add-onElectrical Equipment
The headlamp wiringis protected by a circuit breaker in
the
the fuse block. An electrical overload will cause
off.
lamps to goon and off, or in some cases to remain
If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electricalto your vehicleunless
you check with your dealerf’irsL Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
can keep other
Some add-on electrical equipment
components from workingas they should.
Windshield Wip
The windshield wiper moIor1s protected by an internal
If the motor overheatsdue to
circuit breaker and a fuse.
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overloadis caused by some electrical
problem and not snow, etc., be sure
to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
’Yourvehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to
..add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing Circuit breakersin the fuse panel protectthe power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
‘Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle’’
in the Index.
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
6-56
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
mnstrul---nt PanelF use Block
The wiring circuitsin your c~arare protectedfrom short
circuits by a combination
of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal linksin the wiring itself. This
greatly reduces the chanceof fires caused by
electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored bandinside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replacethe fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a newone of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem
an the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, youcan “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Just pick afeature of your vehicle that you
can get along without-- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and useits fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as youcan.
The main fuse panel is located on theleft side of the
fuse
instrument panel.To access the fuses, open the
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle:the
instrument panelfuse block andthe engine compartment panel door.
fuse block.
6-57
Fuse
Osage
PWR ST
RDO IGN
HTR-NC
Power Seat
Radio
HeatedAir Conditioning Blower,
Daytime Running Lamps and
Automatic Light Control
(If Equipped)
Cruise Control
Parking Lamps, Taillamps,
Sidemarker Lamps, License
Lamps, Instrument Panel Lights,
Underhood Lamp, Headlamp
Warning Alarm
Cigarette Lighter, Auxiliary
Power Outlet
Windshield WipersNashers
Heated Oxygen Sensors
Automatic Door Unlock
Automatic Transaxle, Automatic
Door Unlock,Alarm Module
(Illuminated Entry, Warning
Chimes), Traction Telltale,
Rear Window Defogger,
Remote Keyless Entry
CRUISE
TAIL LPS
LTR
Fuse
PWR WDO
TURN
INT LPS
6-58
Usage
Power Window (Circuit Breaker)
Turn Signal Lamps
Alm Module (Illuminated Entry,
Warning Chimes, Overhead Lamps,
MapReading Lamps, Glove Box
Lamp, Trugk Lamp, Radio, Power
Mirrors), Anti-Lock Brakes
WIPER
02
DR UNLK
ALARM
Engine
PCM
DR LK 1
.
.
,,
.
Fuse
F/P INJR
ERLS
I
6-60
Usage
Fuel Pump, Fuel Injectors
Back-up Lamps, Canister Purge
Valve, EGR, Automatic Transaxle,
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock,
Anti-Lock Brakes, Air
Conditioning Compressor,
Park Lock Solenoid
Fuse
ABSEVO
IGN MOD
HVAC BLO
MOT
PCM BATT
CLG FAN
HDLP
STOP LPS PWR
ACC RR DEFG
ABS
IGN SW
Usage
Anti-Lock Brake Solenoids
Ignition System
Heater/Air Conditioner-High
Blower, Generator-Voltage Sense
Powertrain Computer
Engine Cooling Fan
Lighting Circuits
Power Accessories, Stoplamp
Circuits, Rear Window Defogger
Anti-Lock Brakes
Ignition Switched Circuits
Steering Wheel Controls(If Equipped) Fuse Panel
Your steering wheel controls are protected
by fuses. For
service, contact your Buick dealer service department.
~~
1I
6-61
Air Conditioning Kefrigerants
Vehicle Uimensions
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning systemin your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask your dealer.
Length
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188.4 inches (478.5 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189.2 inches (480.5 cm)
Width
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74.1 inches (1 88.2 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74.1 inches (188.2 cm)
Height
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.5 inches (136.0 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.5 inches (136.0 cm)
Wheelbase
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103.4 inches (262.7 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103.4 inches (262.7 cm)
Front Tread
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.8 inches (141.7 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.8 inches (141.7 cm)
Rear Tread
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.3 inches (140.4 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.3 inches (140.4 cm)
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Element
2.4L .......................
ACTypeA-1233C
3100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ACTypeA-1233C
Engine Oil Filter
2.4L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AC Type PF-44
3100 ..........................
ACTypePF-47
Spark Plugs
2.4L . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 4 1-942 (Platinum Plug)
Gap: 0.050 inch (1.27mm)
3100 . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 41-940 (Platinum Plug)
Gap: 0.060 inch (1
-52 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blade (Pin Type)
19 inches (48 cm)
Length ......................
6-62
bb
NOTES
6-63
6-64
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
This section coversthe maintenance requiredfor your vehcle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emissioncontrol performance.
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-5
7-6
Introduction
Your Vehicle andthe Environment
How This Sectionis Organized
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Short Trip/City Definition
Short Trip/City Intervals
Long TripMighway Definition
7-6
7-7
7-24
7-30
7-34
7-36
7-38
Long TripMighway Intervals
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-1
I
KEEP ENGINE OIL
I
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGEAS
RECOMMENDED
r
Protection
Plan
Have you purchased theGM Protection .Plan? The
Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See
your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet,
or your Buick
dealer for details.
7-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehiclein good working condition, butalso helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
fluid
affect the qualityof the air we breathe. Improper
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle.
To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle
in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this sectionis divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled MaintenanceServices” shows
what to havedone and how often.Some of these
services can be complex,so unless you are technically
qualified and havethe necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these
jobs.
A CAUTION:
Performing maintenance workon a vehicle can
be dangerous.In trying to do some jobs,
you can
be seriously injured.Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the requiredknow-how
and the propertools and equipment for the job.
If you have anydoubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
If you are skilled enough todo some work on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get
the service
information. See “Service and Owner Publications” in
the Index.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells
you what shouldbe checked and when. Italso explains
what you can easily do
to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic MaintenanceInspections’’
explains important inspections that your dealer’s
service department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluidsand Lubricants”lists
some recommended products to help keep your vehicle
properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether youthe
dowork
yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record’’ provides a placefor
you to recordthe maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenanceis performed, be
sure to writeit down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition,it is a goodidea to keep your rhaintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle
for
warranty repairs.
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll driveit. You may drive very short
a week. Or you may drive
distances only a few times
long distancesall the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehiclein making deliveries. Or
you may driveit to work, to do errands or
in many
other ways.
in Part D.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed
Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All
parts should be replaced andall necessary repairs done
before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
0
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “LoadingYour
Vehicle” in the Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need
Selecting the Right Schedule
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
First you’ll need to decide which
of the two schedules is
in the schedules in this section.So please read this
right for your vehicle. Here’s how
to decide which
section and note how you drive. If you have any
schedule to follow:
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
If you
have done and when you should schedule them.
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuineGM parts.
7-4
Maintenance Schedule
I
TripKity
Short
Definition
I
Short Trip/City Intervals
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Most trips areless than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
Every 6,000 Miles (10
000 km): Chassis Lubrication
(or 6 months, whichever occursfust). Tire Rotation.
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Every 15,000 Miles (25
000 km):Air Cleaner Filter
Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions.
0 Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
Every 30,000 Miles (50
000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
0 Most trips are through dusty areas.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km):Automatic Transaxle
0 You frequently tow a trailer
or use a carrier on top
of
Service (severe conditions only).
your vehicle. (With some models, you should never
Every 60,000 Miles (100
000 km): Engine Accessory
tow a trailer.See “Towing a Trailer”in the Index.)
Drive
Belt
Inspection.
0 If the vehicleis used for delivery service, police,taxi
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km):
Spark Plug Wire
or other commercial application.
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
One of the reasonsyou should follow this schedule if
Every 150,000 Miles (240000 km): Cooling System
you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions
Service (or every60 months, whichever occursfirst).
is that these conditions cause engine oil to break
down soonel:
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
Follow the Short TripKity Maintenance Scheduleif any
one of these conditionsis true for your vehicle:
I
Maintenance Schedule
Follow this maintenance schedule only if none of the
conditions from the Short
TripKity Maintenance
Schedule is true.Do not use this scheduleif the vehicle
is used for trailer towing, drivenin a dusty area or used
off paved roads. Usethe Short TripKity schedule for
these conditions.
Driving a vehicle with afully warmed engine under
highway conditions causes engine oil
to break
down slower:
7-6
Every 7,500 Miles'(12500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
Chassis Lubrication(or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Tire Rotation.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles(166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240
000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every60 months, whichever occursfirst).
These intervalsonly summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule
on
the following pages.
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
The services shownin this schedule up to100,000 miles
(166 000 km)should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000miles (240 000 km)should be performed at
the same interval after150,000miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or
the
California Air Resources Board has determined the
that
failure to perform this maintenance item
will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance
be recorded.
# Lubricate the suspension and steering linkage.
+ A good time to check your brakes
is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections”in Part C of this schedule.
++ If you
drive in a highly corrosive environment,
your brake calipers may require additional
inspection and service, at every other tire rotation.
See “Caliper/KnucMe Maintenance Inspection’’
under “Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
in Part C
of this schedule.
7-7
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
DATE
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission ControlService.
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
DATE
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission ControlService.
Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).’
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper
rotation patternand additional information. (See footnote
+.)
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
I
DATE
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
1
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
7-8
I
DATE
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor
proper rotation pattern and additional
infomation. (See footnote+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
17 Inspect air cleanerfilter if you aredriving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnoteT.)
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first)
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
7-9
!I
i
Short Tri-CCit;~ Maintenance Schedule
4,000 Miles 6
1 km)
DATE
I
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
CI Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote++.)
i l 27,000 Miles (45000 km)
Cl Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components(or every 6 months, whichever OCCUTS first).
(See footnote #.)
Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
7-10
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
I SERVICEDBX I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and linesfor damage or leaks. Inspectfuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
DATE
17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
7-11
I DATE
I
DATE
I
MILEAGE
7-12
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for
proper rotation patternand additional information. (See footnote+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transaxlefluid and filter if the vehicleis mainly driven
under one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic wherethe outside temperature regularly reaches90°F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequenttrailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, thefluid and
filter do not require changing.
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
DATE
I
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs fist).
An Emission ControlSewice.
7-13
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
I DATE
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
I
SERVICED BY:
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
17 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission ControlSewice.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
DATE
ACTUAL
DATE
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
Inspect fuel tank, cap andlines for damage or leaks.Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote”f)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
DATE
I
MILEAGE
DATE
I
Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
7-15
DATE
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
Change engine oil and
filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
7-16
I DATE
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
I
1
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
in the Index for proper
0 Rotate tires.See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
+.)
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
SERVICED BY:
DATE
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
I
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and fiiter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
I
DATE
I
I
MILEAGE
7-17
I
~
~
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
I DATE
Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
MILEAGE
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
CI Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket
for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote?.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”the
inIndex for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
7-18
I
DATE
I
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
DATE
MILEAGE
I
I SERVICEDBY: I
I
r
I
c
I
i
Short TripKity Maintenance Sche'dule
I
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
DATE
I
MILEAGE
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfkst).
An EmiJ'siori Control Service.
(Continued)
I li
I
7-19
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
100,000 Miles (166 000 km) (Continued)
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid andfilter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90°F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as foundin taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not useyour vehicle underany of these conditions, the
fluid and
filter do not require changing.
I50,OOO Miles (240 000 km)
Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or every60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index
for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure and
cap neck.
Pressure test cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-20
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I
I SERVICEDBY: I
I LongTripmighwayMaintenanceSchedule I
The services shown in this schedule upto 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)should be performed after100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals.The services shown
at 150,000miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See ‘“Owner Checks andServices” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections”following.
Footnotes
f The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenanceitem will not nullify
# Lubricate the suspension and steering linkage.
+ A good
time to check your brakes
is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections”in Part C of this schedule.
++ If you drive ina highly corrosive environment,
your brake calipers may require additional inspection
and service, at every other tire rotation.
See
“Caliperfiuckle Maintenance Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections”in Part C of
this schedule.
the emission warrantyor limit recall liability prior to the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that allrecomended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and
the-maintenance
be recorded.
7-21
I Lung Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
~.
DATE
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additionalinfomation. (See footnote +.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and linesfor damage orleaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any darnage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnotej-.)
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
7-23
1
Long TriplHighway Maintenance Schedule
37,500 Miles (62 500 km) (Continued)
0 Lubricate chassis comp __ ?s(or every 12 -~ths, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
~~
~
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transaxlefluid and filterif the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
7-24
DATE
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
I SERVICEDBX I
I
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, thefluid and
filter do not require changing.
-
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
+
I
DATE
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
(Continued)
7-25
1 I LongTripmighwayMaintenanceSchedule 1
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
17 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines
for damage or leaks. Inspectfuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote?.)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
I
I
DATE
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occursfist).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
17 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occursfist).
(See footnote#.)
7-26
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
(Also see footnote ++.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
DATE
I
I DATE
I
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 montns, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
MILEAGE
(Continued)
7-27
r z g Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued)
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines
for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote”f)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Indexfor
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
(Also see footnote++.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
CI Lubricate chassis components(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires.See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Inspect spark plug wires (except 2.4L Code
T engine).
An Emission Control Service.
Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service.
7-28
m
DATE
MILEAGE
DATE
~
l
I
I Long TripmighwayMaintenanceSchedule I
Change automatic transaxle fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic wherethe outside temperature regularly reaches90°F
(32°C)or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do notuse your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter donot require changing.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every60 months since last service,
whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure
cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-29
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and [email protected]
add
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant”
in
the Indexfor further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Check the windshield washer fluid level
in the
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown in
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” the
in Index
Part D.
for further details.
At EachFuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a service station attendant
to
pe$own these underhood checksat each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper
oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
7-30
At Least Oncea M-onth
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tiresare inflated to the correct pressures.
See
“Tires” in the Indexfor flxrther details.
Cassette Deck Sen
Clean cassette deck. Lleanmg should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems”
in the
Index for further details.
-
.
At Least Twice a Year
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add
if needed. See
Restraint System Check
“Automatic Transaxle”in the Index. A fluid loss
Make sure the safety
belt reminder light and all your
may indicate a problem. Check
the system and repair
belts, buckles,latch plates, retractors and anchorages are if needed.
working properly. Lookfor any other loose or damaged
At Least Once a Year
safety belt system parts.If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system
from doing its job, have it
Key Lock Cylinders Service
repaired. Have any torn or
frayed safety belts replaced.
Lubricate the keylock cylinders withthe lubricant
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag systemspecified in Part D.
does not need regular maintenance.)
Body Lubrication Service
Wiper Blade Check
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges
Inspect wiper bladesfor wear or cracking. Replace blade and latches, includingthose for the hood, trunk lid,
D tells you what
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or glove box door and console door. Part
to
use.
More
frequent
lubrication
may
be required when
m i s s areas of the windshield.Also see “Wiper Blades,
exposed to a corrosive environment.
Cleaning” in the Index.
7-31
Starter Switch Check
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does,you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Indexif necessary) andthe
regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately ifit starts.
3. Try to start the enginein each gear.The starter
should work onlyin PARK (PIor NEUTRAL(N). If
the starter worksin any other position, your vehicle
needs service.
7-32
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Indexif necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the
RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
of
the regular brake,try to move the shift lever out
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves outof PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI
needs service.
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Exhaust System Inspection
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual.See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspectthe body
near the exhaust system.Look for broken, damaged,
Listed below are inspections and services which should missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
be performed at leasttwice a year (for instance, each
holes, loose connectionsor other conditions which could
spring andfall). You should let your dealer’s service
floor pan or couldlet
cause a heat build-up in the
department or other qualified service center do these
exhaust fumesinto the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”in
jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are completed
the Index.
at once.
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs
of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect
the drive
axle boot sealsfor damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
7-34
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced
if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect
all pipes, fittings
of the
and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
radiator and air conditioning condenser.To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure test the
of cooling systemand
pressure cap is recommended at least once a year.
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system
for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear.Do not lubricate acce€erator and
cruise control cables.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect
brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads
for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear andcracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
The parking brake is self-adjusting and
no manual
adjustment is required.You may need to have your
if your driving habits or
brakes inspected more often
conditions resultin frequent braking.
CaliperKnuckle Maintenance Inspection
If you operate your vehiclein a highly corrosive
environment, as indicated by the shaded areas on the
map following this text, your vehicle may require
additional brake service. Refer
to the appropriateGM
Service Bulletin for the proper caliper inspection
procedure. As necessary, caliper pins and knuckle brake
pad abutments shouldbe lubricated at every other tire
rotation. Also, see your GM dealer’s service department
or qualified service center
for additional information.
7-35
I
7-36
USAGE
Windshield
Washer Solvent
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checks
and
7-3s
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain
all
maintenance receipts.Your owner information portfolic
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
1
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
~~
7-39
Maintenance Record
7-40
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-41
I
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
DATE
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
~-
-
~~
~
.
7-42
-
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you willfind out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This section also tellshow
youto obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistancefor Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
Roadside Assistance
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Courtesy Transportation
GM Participation in an Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
8-9
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
Ordering Service and Owner Publications
in Canada
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Buick dealers have the facilities, trained technicians and
up-to-date information to promptly address any
concerns you may have. However, if a concern has not
been resolvedto your complete satisfaction, take the
following steps:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern witha member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
If the matter has
be quickly resolved at that level.
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the ownerof the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Relations Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
For help outsideof the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135
(English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish)
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
In all other Caribbean countries: (809) 763-13 15
In other overseas locations,call GM Overseas
Distribution Corporation in Canada at:
(905) 644-4112.
For prompt assistance, please have
the following
information available to givethe Customer
Assistance Representative:
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage youto call us so we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However,if you wish to write
Buick, address your inquiry to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7
8-4
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information bookletfor addresses of GM
Overseas offices.
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer’s facilities, equipment and personnel. That
is why we suggest you followStep One first if you
have a concern.
Customer Assistancefor Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard
of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available its
at Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY usersin
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Roadside Assistance
~~
~~
Courtesy Transportation
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service
-- and
service. means “keeping you the
on road.”
Included with your Buick new
car warranty
(3 years/36,000 miles (60000 km), whichever occurs
first), is Courtesy Transportation, a program which
will provide Buick retail and lease customers with:
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy
of Buick Motor Division, upto $30 a day (five
days maximum)for vehicles requiring overnight
warranty repairs. Also, reimbursement up
to $30 a
day (five days maximum) may
be available for the
cost of a rental car, bus or even a cab.
A free one-way shuttle ride or vehicle pick-up from a
location upto 10 miles (16km)from the dealership
is available for those whose vehicle only requires
same day warranty repairs.
NOTE: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by your Buick dealer
service management.
Because of uncertain availability, it is frequently not
possible to provide customers with the same model
loaner vehicle (including optional equipment) as the
vehicle the customer owns or leases and has brought in
for warranty repair.If a loaner vehicleis required, please
consult your dealership for complete program details
and loaner car availability in your area.
Some state insurance regulations make
it impractical
21 years of age. If you
to rent vehicles to people under
are under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Buick
will reimburse you up to $30/day,
for any documented
transportation you receive. Please consult your dealer
for details.
For warranty repairs during the Complete
Vehicle
Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
interim transportationmay be available under the
Courtesy Transportation program. Please consult your
dealer for details. The Courtesy Transportation program
is available only in the United States and Canada.
In Canada,please consult yourGM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Buick reserves the right to make any changes or
Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s way of extending
the
discontinue the Courtesy Transportation program at
Premium Service you’ve cometo expect from Buick
any time without notification.
and its over 2,800 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glove box card contained in your vehicle
or consult your Buick dealer
for details.
8-6
GM Participation in an Alternative
Dispute Resolution Program
This programis available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Canadian owners refer to your Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information booklet
for
information onthe Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMV)'.
General Motors reserves the right to
change eligibility limitations and/or to discontinue its
participation in this program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer
are committed
to making sure you are completely satisfied with
your new vehicle. Our experience has shown that,
if a situation arises where you
feel your concern
has not been adequately addressed, the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure described earlier
in this
section is very successful.
There may be instances wherean impartial third party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation
of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty.To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Buick voluntarily participates
in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINEis an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
settle automotive disputes. This program
is available
free of charge to customers who currently own lease
or a
GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact
the BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write themtheat
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
and a statementof the natureof your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
8-7
'We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
LINE, but you
Procedure before you resort to AUTO
TO THE UNITED STATES
may contact the BBB at any time.The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint servingas an intermediary.If
GOVERNMENT
this mediationis unsuccessful, aninformal hearing will
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
'be scheduled where eligible customers may present their cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
..caseto an impartial third-party arbitrator.
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA),in addition to
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
: accept or reject.If you accept the decision, GM will be
notifying General Motors.
-boundby that decision.The entire dispute resolution
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days
from the
investigation, andif it finds that a safety defect exists in
time youfile a claim until a decision is made.
a groupof vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
Some state lawsmay require you to use this program
-before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration programin individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
or in the courts. For
further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5100or the Buick Customer
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Assistance Center at 1-800-521-7300.
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123
in the
~
Warranty Information
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
L
8-8
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
If you livein Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Ordering Service and Owner
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Publications in Canada
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Service manuals, owner’s manualsand other service
Ottawa, OntarioK1G 3J2
literature are availablefor purchase for all current and
Dast model General Motors vehicles.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
lne toll-free telephone number for ordering information
TO GENERAL MOTORS
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situationlike this, we certainlyhope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
8-9
1998 BUCK SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing
of your vehicle can be purchased by filling
out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing
it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information
to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR1998 BUCK
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$90.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are writtendirectly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
1998 GM transmissions, transaxlesand transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$40.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$15.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service informationneeded
to knowledgeably service General Motors carsand trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current
and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
&l
8-12
NOTES
Section 9 Index
Accessory Power Outlet .........................
2-47
Adjuster. Seat ..............................
1.2. 1-52
AirBag .......................................
1-21
How Does it Restrain ..........................
1-25
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Location ....................................
1-23
Readiness Light .........................
1.23.2.54
Servicing ...................................
1-27
What Makes it Inflate ..........................
1-25
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
When Should it Inflate .........................
1-25
Air Bag Readiness Light ....................
1.23.2.54
Air Cleaner ....................................
6- 18
AirConditioning ................................
3-3
Air Conditioning Refrigerants .....................
6-62
Alignment and Balance. Tire ......................
6-44
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ......................
6-52
3-19
Antenna. Fixed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antifreeze .....................................
6-22
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.54.4.7
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.56.4.7
3-14
Anti.Theft. Radio ..............................
Appearance Care ...............................
6-47
6-54
Appearance Care Materials .......................
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Ashtrays ......................................
2-46
Audio Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . 2- 17.2.18.3.17. 6.56
Audio Systems ..................................
3-5
2-31
Auto-Down Window ............................
Automatic
Transaxle Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-31
Transaxle Park Mechanism Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-33
Automatic Door Locks............................
2-5
Automatic Light Control .........................
2-40
Automatic Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
Automatic Transaxle Fluid........................
6-19
Automatic Transaxle Operation ....................
2-20
Shifting .....................................
2-20
Backing Up with a Trailer .......................
4-38
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
5-3
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-55
Light .......................................
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
2-43
Saver ......................................
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
8-7
BBB Auto Line .................................
4-22
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ....................
Better Business Bureau Mediation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
4-27
Blizzard ......................................
9-1
Brake
Adjustment ..................................
6-31
Fluid .......................................
6-28
Master Cylinder ..............................
6-28
Parking .....................................
2-24
PedalTravel .................................
6-31
Replacing System Parts ........................
6-31
System Warning Light ....................
2.55.6.29
Trailer ......................................
4-36
. Transaxle Shift Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.28.7.41
Transaxle Shift Interlock Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-32
Wear ....................................... 6-30
Brakes. Anti-Lock ..........................
2.56.4.7
Braking ........................................
4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..........................
4-10
Break.In.NewVehicle
.......................... 2-14
BTSI ....................................
2.28.7.41
BTSI Check ...................................
7-32
Bulb Replacement ..............................
6-32
Back-up Lamp ..............................
6-36
CHMSL ....................................
6-35
Dome Lamp .................................
6-38
6-32
Headlamps ..................................
6-36
Taillamp ....................................
Canadian Roadside Assistance ....................
8-5
6-61
Capacities and Specifications ......................
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 1.2.29.2.30.4.28.4.36
Cassette Deck Service ...........................
7-30
3.6.3.9
Cassette Tape Player .........................
Cassette Tape Player Care ........................
3-18
Cassette Tape Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9. 3-11
9-2
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Climate Control System ...........................
3-2
Clock. Setting the ................................
3-5
Comfort Controls ................................
3-2
Compact Disc Care .............................
3- 19
Compact Disc Player .............................
3-9
3- 18
Compact Disc Player Care ........................
Compact Disc Player Errors.......................
3- 13
Compact Spare Tire .............................
5-33
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Convenience Net ...............................
2-46
Convex Outside Mirror ..........................
2-45
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-22
Heater. Engine ...............................
2- 18
SurgeTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-16
Surge Tank Pressure Cap .......................
6-25
CoolingSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Courtesy Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
8-6
Cruise Control .................................
2-36
CruiseLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63
2-46
Cupholder. Center Console .......................
Cupholder. Rear Seat ............................
2-46
Customer Assistance forText Telephone Users. . . . . . . . . 8-4
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
8-2
5-3
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defects, Reporting Safety .........................
8-8
Defensive Driving ...............................
4-2
Defogger, Rear Window ..........................
3-4
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Dimensions,Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
Dolby B Noise Reduction .........................
3-9
Dome Lamp Bulb Replacement ....................
6-38
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
DriverPosition .................................
1-13
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-20
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-21
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-27
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-5
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-17
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-15
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
On Hill and Mountain Roads.................... 4-23
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-26
Throughwater ...............................
4-19
WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-25
4-37
WithaTrailer ................................
DrunkenDriving ................................
4-2
Damage. Finish ...............................
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps .........................
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . 2.17.2.18.3.17. 6.56
6-56
Electrical System ...............................
6-53
6-53
2-40
................... . . . . . . . . 1-2
French Jmguag~Mmad ................. . . . . . . . . . .3
Front.-Tiwixig............................ ........ :5-10:
6-3
.................................
Fi.Iling q Fqxtabke Ccmtaipgr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
maing
- Y~ztrT d .............................. .6-5
:Gag.e ..........................................2-64.
In &[email protected] Cmn~es .............. ...............6-42
.Fases and Cjrcidt Breakers ............ ..............:&57
FQel
. . e . . . . , *
Y
Hw& W&g
9-4
[email protected]$............................5-2
HeadRestraints .........................,....... l-6
2-40
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulb Replacement ............................
6-32
High/Low Beam Changer ......................
2-33
2-40
OnReminder ................................
Wiring .....................................
6-56
Hearing Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
High-Beam Headlamps ..........................
2-33
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-23
Hill and Mountain Roads .........................
4-23
Hitches, Trailer .................................
4-36
Hood
6-8
Checking Things Under .........................
6-9
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-31
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 19
Ignition Positions ..............................
2- 14
Inflation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-39
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
7-35
Brakesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
EngineCooling ..............................
7-34
7-34
Exhaust System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Wheel Drive Axle Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Front Wheel Drive Axle Seal....................
7-34
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Suspension ..................................
7-34
7-34
Throttle System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
InstrumentPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Brightness Control ............................
2-41
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Cluster ..............................
Standard Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Lamp Delay .............................
InteriorLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
6-57
2-51
2-50
2-42
2-41
Jack. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-23
5-3
7-31
K e y Lock Cylinders Service .....................
Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-7
2-2
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Labels .......................................
4-31
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Service Parts Identification .....................
Tire-Loading Information ......................
4-31
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Courtesy ....................................
2-41
Exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
OnReminder ................................
2-40
2-6
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-27
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Lights
Air Bag Readiness .......................
1.23.2.54
Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning ............ 2.56. ...
4.7
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Odometer. Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Off-Road Recovery ............................. 4-12
Oil. Engine ....................................
6-12
Oil Pressure Warning Light .......................
2-61
Outside Mirror .................................
2-44
Overdrive. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Overheating Engine .............................
5-14
Owner Checks and Services.......................
7-30
Owner Publications. Ordering .....................
8- 10
Owner Publications. Ordering in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
Park
AutomaticTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting Into .................................
Shifting Out of ...............................
Parking
AtNight ....................................
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake Mechanism Check .......................
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over Things That Burn ........................
WithaTrailer ................................
Passenger Position ..............................
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passing with-a Trailer ............................
Passlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passlock Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power
Accessory Outlet .............................
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
2-20
2-25
2-28
2-12
2-24
7-33
2-13
2-29
4-39
1-21
4-13
4-37
2-13
2-63
7-34
2-47
2-5
OptionFuses ................................
Remote Control Mirror ........................
Seat .........................................
Steering ....................................
Steering Fluid ................................
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts ....................
Problems on the Road ............................
Publications, Service and Owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
2-44
1-4
4-10
6-26
2-31
1-20
5-1
8-10
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-16
RadioReception ................................
3-17
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
Rain, Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-17
Reading Lamps ................................
2-42
Rear
Door Security Locks ...........................
2-6
Outside Seat Position ..........................
1-28
Safety Belt Comfort Guides .....................
1-31
Seatpassengers ..............................
1-28
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-12
WindowDefogger .............................
3-4
Rear Window Defogger Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
Inside Daymight .............................
2-44
Reclining Front Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Recreational Vehicle Towing ......................
4-29
Refrigerants, Air Conditioning ....................
6-62
Remote
Fuel Door Release .............................
6-6
2-7
Keyless Entry .................................
Trunk Release ................................
2-11
9-7
safety
Belt Extender ............................
1-52
Safety Belt Reminder Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8.2.54
1-1
SafetyBelts ....................................
Adults ......................................
1-13
6-50
Care .......................................
Center Rear PassengerPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-33
1-35
Children ....................................
Driver Position ...............................
1-13
Extender ................................... l-52
How to Wear Properly .........................
1-13
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16, 1-50, 1-51
1-34
Lap Belt .....................................
1-13, 1-28
Lap-Shoulder ...........................
Manuals. Ordering ............................
8-10
Manuals. Ordering in Canada ....................
8-9
Parts Identification Label .......................
6-55
Publications. Ordering .........................
8- 10
Work. Doing Your Own .........................
6-2
Service and Appearance Care ......................
6-1
Service and Owner Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 10
Service Publications .............................
8- 10
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
6-53
SheetMetalDamage ............................
2-25. 2-26
Shift Lever ...............................
Shifting
AutomaticTransaxle ..........................
2-20
Into Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
2-28
Outofpark ..................................
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster.....................
1- 15
SignalingTums ................................
2-33
Skidding ......................................
4-14
Sound Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . 2.17.2.18.3.17. 6.56
Spare Tire. Compact .............................
5-33
Specifications and Capacities......................
6-61
Specifications. Engine ...........................
6-6 1
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
SRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Stains. Cleaning ................................
6-48
7-32
Starter Switch Check ............................
Starting Your Engine ............................
2- 15
5-14
Steam ........................................
Steering ......................................
4-10
InEmergencies ...............................
4-11
4-10
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Wheel. Tilt ..................................
2-32
Storage Compartments ...........................
2-45
Storage. Vehicle ................................
6-31
Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-34
SunVisors ....................................
2-47
Supplemental Restraint System . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . 1-21
Surge Tank. Coolant .............................
5-16
Surge Tank Pressure Cap .........................
6-25
Symbols. Vehicle ..................................
v
Synchronization ................................
2-10
Tachometer ..................................
2-52
Taillamp Bulb Replacement .......................
6-36
TapePlayerCare ...............................
3-18
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
Theft-Deterrent Feature. CD Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
"HEFTLOCK" ................................
3-14
6-25
Themostat ....................................
Third Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Tilt Steering Wheel .............................
2-32
Time. Setting the ................................
3-5
Tirechains ....................................
6-46
4-31
TireLoading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Tires .........................................
6-39
6-44
Alignment and Balance ........................
Buying New .................................
6-42
6-46
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing a Flat ..............................
5-22
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
5-33
Compact Spare ...............................
6-39
Inflation ....................................
Inflation Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-30
From the Front ......
.~,
..... ...................
"......... .,. 4-29
P
,.. .........,.. , ~ ,.... .4-J8
.....~
........ .....,...... 4-36
............ . , * &38
,.. .+37
. .,. , . . .
........ . . 4-37
.....
. .-. . . . . J. .. ...4-36
,
. 4-40
, ..
. ...%.......... ..... 4-38
... . . , , 4-39
................
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Ventilation System ...............................
3-5
Visor Vanity Mirrol"s ............................ 2-47
Visors, S m .....................................2-47
...................... 2-31.
...................... 2-31
..................... .2-31
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-31
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..2-35
. . ,.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35,6-27
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-30
...................... 2-34
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
...................... 6-38
...................... 4-25
...................... 6-50
...................... 6-56
....................... 5-8
...................... 5-23
Service Station Checkpoints
COOLANT
SURGTANK
P5-16
2.4L ENGINE
OIL DIPSTICK
FUEL
DOOR
P6-5
.----3100 ENGINE
OIL DIPSTICK
SECONDARY
’
/
WINDSHIELD FLUID
RESERVOIR
BA~-&RY
P6-27
P6-31
HOOD
RELEASE
P6-9
\
TIRES
P6-39
REMOTE FUEL DOOR P6-6
TRUNK RELEASE P2-11
For detailed information, refer
to the page number listed, or see the Index in the back
of the owner’s manual.
9-12
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