GraphTM User's Guide Supplement DR J

GraphTM User's Guide Supplement DR J

DR

GraphTM

Graphic Application

User's Guide Supplement

for the IBM

®

Personal Computer

J ~

------------------

--

----------------

DR

GraphTM

User's Guide Supplement for the

IBM®personal Computer

Copyright

~

1983

Digital Research

P.O. Box 579

160 Central Avenue

Pacific Grove, CA 93950

TWX 910 360 5001

All Rights Reserved

COPYRIGHT

Copyright

©

1983 by Digital Research Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Digital Research, Post Office Box 579,

Pacific Grove, California, 93950.

Readers are granted permission to include the example graphs, either in whole or in part, in their own graphs.

DISCLAIMER

Digital Research makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any implied 'warranties of merchan tabi Ii ty or fitness for any particular purpose. Further, Dig i tal Research reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes f rom time to time in the content hereof without obligation of Digital Research to notify any person of such revision or changes.

TRADEMARKS

CP/M and CP/M-86 are registered trademarks of

Digital Research. DR Graph, GSX-86, and TEX are trademarks of Digital Research. Epson is a registered trademark of Epson America, Incorporated.

GRAFTRAX PLUS, FX-80, FX~lOO, MX-80, and MX-IOO are trademarks of Epson Amer ica, Ihcorporated. Hewlett-

Packard is a registered trademark of Hewlett-Packard

Corporation. IBM is a registered trademark of

International Business Machines. SuperCalc is a registered trademark of Sorcim Corporation.

VisiCalc is a registered trademark of VisiCorp,

Incorporated.

The DR Graph Graphic Application User's Guide

Supplement for the IBM Personal Computer was prepared uSlng the Dig i tal Research TEX™ Text

Formatter and printed in the United States of

America.

*******************************

*

First Edition: July 1983

*

*******************************

Foreword

YOUR NEW COMPUTER

SYSTEM

DR

Graph~ version 1.0 for the IBM® Personal

Computer is easy to use and install. You can start using DR Graph in just a few minutes by following the steps in "Us ing DR Graph" in

Section 2.

In addition to using DR Graph to create presentation-quality graphs, your DR Graph package contains a CP/M-86® system that lets you do the following:

• display a directory (a list of the files on a diskette)

• erase a file

• check the amount of remaining space on a diskette

• format and copy diskettes

• print graphs on the following Epson® printers:

MX-80 TOO with GRAFTRAX PLUS T"

MX-IOOTM

FX-80TM

FX-IOOTM

• plot graphs on the 7470A Hewlett-Packard®

Graphics Plotter

• display graphs on the high-resolution monochrome graphics monitor attached to your

IBM Personal Computer i i i

Although this package gives you DR Graph and more, it does not replace the CP/M-86 operating system package. By' purchasing CP/M-86 for the

IBM Personal Computer, you receive all the programs required to produce graphs on componen ts other than those listed in the preceding paragraph, and to create full color graphics. You also receive the following:

• documentation on CP/M-86 and its Graphics

System Extension (GSX-86

™ ) , a prerequisite for DR Graph

• more utilities and programming tools, such as:

ED, the CP/M® editor

PIP, a utility that copies files

HELP, interactive command reference file

• the GSX-86 Library, which extends the range of pr inter s and plotters that you can use wi th your compu ter and allows for color capability

• access to a wide range of application packages listed in the CP/M Software Finder available at retail and computer stores nationwide

SYSTEM COMPONENTS

This DR Graph package is designed for the following components. If your IBM Personal

Computer does not have the minimum components listed, contact your computer dealer.

• two double-sided, dual-density disk drives

• 192K of Random Access Memory (RAM)

• Graphics Card

• Graphics Monitor iv

The following plotter and pr inter are optional:

• A Hewlett-Packard 7470A Graphics Plotter with the following configuration:

- option 1 (RS-232-C/CCITT V.24)

- null modem cable

- connect plotter to communications port 0 on the IBM Personal Computer

- plotter must be configured with the communications protocol:

8-bit ASCII

No parity

1 start bit

1 stop bit

4800 baud

XON/XOFF handshaking

(Refer to your Operator's Manual or contact your computer dealer for details on the preceding communications protocol.)

• One of the following Epson printers:

- MX-80 with GRAFTRAX PLUS

- MX-100

- FX-80

- FX-100 v

Table of Contents

1 Duplicating Your DR Graph Diskette

Formatting Diskettes • •

Error Messages

2 Using DR Graph

Recalling and Displaying the Sample Graph

Exiting the DR Graph MAIN MENU •

Exiting CP/M-S6 • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

3 More About Your CP/M-86 System

Display A Directory • • • • • • • • • •

Erase A File • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Check the Remaining Space on Diskettes . l-S

1-11

2-3

2-5

2-5

3-1

3-3

3-4

Tables and Figures

Table

1-1. Disk Maintenance Error Messages

1-11

Figures

I-I.

1-2.

1-3.

1-4.

1-5.

1-6.

1-7. l-S.

Main Menu for the CP/M-S6 Disk Maintenance

SELECT SOURCE DISKETTE Menu • • • • • •

SELECT DESTINATION DISKETTE Menu • • • • • • • • •

COPYING WARNING Menu • • • • •

COPYING INFORMATION Menu • • •

Format a Double-sided Diskette

Format Warning Display • •

Formatting the Diskette

• • • • • • • •

• • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • •

• • • •

• • • • •

1-3

1-4

1-5

1-6

1-7 l-S

1-9

1-10

2-1. DR Graph MAIN MENU •

2-2. CURVE EDIT Menu

2-2

2-4 vii

Section

t

DUPLICATING YOUR DR GRAPH DISKETTE

Protect your new investment. Before you begin using DR Graph make one or more copies of the master diskette. After you duplicate the DR

Graph master diskette, store it in a safe place away from extreme heat, temperature changes, humidi ty, and dust. If you accidentally damage the duplicate, you can create another copy wi th the master diskette.

Use the Disk Maintenance program to copy your

DR Graph master diskette. Because the Disk

Maintenance program copies an entire diskette track-by-track, rather than each file individually, you can copy an entire diskette in minutes without formatting it first. After data is copied, the Disk Maintenance program verifies the integrity of the copied data.

The following steps guide you through duplicating your DR Graph diskette:

1. Insert the DR Graph diskette in the system drive (the left drive). Insert a doublesided diskette in the data drive (the right drive). For CP/M-86, the letter A refers to the system drive; the letter B refers to the data drive.

2. Turn on the power to your IBM Personal

Computer. There is a short delay while your computer checks its internal system.

1-1

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Duplicating Your Diskette

3. After the checks are complete, the following messages appear on the screen:

Loading CP/M-86 •..••.

CP/M-86 for the IBM Personal Computer Version 1.1

Copyright (C) 1983, Digital Research

Hardware Supported:

Diskette Drive(s): 2

Parallel Printer(s): 1

Serial Port(s): 2

Memory (kb): XXX

A>submit startup

A>TYPE ESCO

A>GRAPHICS

GSX-86 Graphics System Extension 18 Mar 83 Vl.l

Serial No. 1024-0000-003756 All Rights Reserved

Copyright (c) 1983 Digital Research, Inc.

GSX-86 installed

DDFXHR8 .SYS is 14400 bytes long at 05C7:0000

These t e l l you CP/M-86 and GSX-86, prerequisites for DR Graph, are present.

4. When the CP/M-86 system prompt A> appears on your screen, type the following DSKMAINT command. The DSKMAINT command starts the

Disk Maintenance program that allows you to copy and format diskettes.

A>DSKMAINT

1-2

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement

Duplicating Your Diskette

The Main Menu for the Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM Personal Computer appears on your screen.

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Main Menu

SELECT FUNCTION

B -

Verify a Diskette

EJ -

Copy from one Diskette to another

B -

Format a Single Sided Diskette

G -

Format a Double Sided Diskette

EJ -

Exit this program

Figure 1-1. Main Menu for the CP/M-86

Disk Maintenance Program

1-3

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement

Duplicating Your Diskette

5. To copy the DR Graph master diskette, press the F3 key on your keyboard. The SELECT

SOURCE DISKETTE Menu appears on your screen:

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Copy from one Diskette to another

SELECT SOURCE DISKETTE

8 -

A

:

EJ-

B:

8-

Exit to Main Menu

Figure 1-2. SELECT SOURCE DISKETTE Menu

6. The SELECT SOURCE DISKETTE Menu prompts you to press a key to select the source diskette, the one from which files are copied. Press the F2 key to copy the files from the DR Graph master diskette in drive

A.

1-4

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Duplicating Your Diskette

7. After you select the source diskette, the

SELECT DESTINATION DISKETTE Menu appears on the screen. It prompts you to press a key to select the destination diskette that receives the copied files. Press the F4 key.

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Copy from one Diskette to another

SELECT DESTINATION DISKETTE

E)-A:

EJ-B:

8-

Exit to Main Menu

Figure 1-3. SELECT DESTINATION DISKETTE Menu

1-5

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Duplicating Your Diskette

8. After you select the destination diskette, the following menu appears on the screen.

It prompts you to confirm the selections you made previously. If you made a mistake, press the N key; the SELECT SOURCE DISKETTE menu reappears on your screen. If you selected the correct diskettes for the source and destination, press the Y key.

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Copying from the Diskette in Drive A: to the Diskette in Drive B:

This operation will Destroy any data on the Diskette in Drive B:

Is this what you want to do (Y or N)?

Figure 1-4. COPYING WARNING Menu

1-6

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement

Duplicating Your Diskette

As the Disk Maintenance program copies the diskette, the Reading tr ack in the following message is replaced by another message that denotes the operation the program performs:

Reading track n

For example, this initial message is replaced with the following message when the program begins writing data to the destination diskette:

Writing track n

After data is copied to the diskette, the following message appears to inform you the data is being verified:

Checking track n

The lowercase letter n indicates the number of the track on which the operation is performed.

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Copying from the Diskette in Drive A: to the Diskette in Drive B:

Reading track 30

Figure 1-5. COPYING INFORMATION Menu

1-7

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Duplicating Your Diskette

FORMATTING

DISKETTES

To save your graphs on the data diskette, DR

Graph requires that it has the CP/M-86 format.

I f

your diskette does not have the CP/M-86 format, you must format it. If your diskette already has the CP/M-86 format, skip this section and turn to the Section 2, "Using DR

Graph." The following steps outline how to format a diskette with the Disk Maintenance program.

1. From the Main Menu of the Disk Maintenance program, press the F7 key to format a double-sided diskette. The following menu appears on the screen.

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Format a Double Sided Diskette

SELECT DISKETTE TO FORMAT

@J-A:

EJ-s:

EJ -

Exit to Main Menu

Figure 1-6. Format a Double-sided Diskette

1-8

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Formatting Diskettes

2. Press the F4 key to format the data diskette in drive B.

Note: DO NOT press the F2 key.

Drive A contains the DR Graph diskette; DO

NOT format the DR Graph diskette. The following menu appears on the screen after you press the F4 key.

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Formatting the Diskette in Drive B:

This operation will Destroy any data on the Diskette in Drive 8:

Is this what you want to do (Y or N)?

Figure 1-7. Format Warning Display

1-9

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Formatting Diskettes

3. If you press N, the Format a Double Sided

Diskette Menu reappears. However, if you press Y, the Disk Maintenance program formats the diskette in drive B. The warning message disappears. The screen shows this message:

CP/M-86 Disk Maintenance Program for the IBM PC version 1.0

Formatting the Diskette in Drive B:

Formatting track 0

Figure 1-8. Formatting the Diskette

After the Disk Maintenance program formats the diskette in drive B, the message:

Formatting track n changes to the following message:

Verifying track n where n indicates the number of the track.

After the program verifies that all the tracks on the disk are usable, the Format a Double

Sided Diskette Menu reappears on the screen.

Press the FlO key to return to the Disk

Maintenance Main Menu. Press the F9 key to e.xit the Disk Maintenance program and return to the CP/M-86 system prompt •

1-10

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement

Error Messages

ERROR MESSAGES

The following table explains error messages that can occur when you use the Disk Maintenance program to copy or format a diskette:

Table 1-1. Disk Maintenance Error Messages

Message Meaning

Drive does not respond

Either the drive door is open or the diskette is upside-down in drive.

Disk read error

The diskette is defective or damaged.

Diskettes are not of the same type

You are copying between a single-sided and a double-sided diskette.

Source and destination data do not match

A discrepancy exists with the diskette from which files have been copied and the diskette to wh ich files have been copied.

One of the diskettes is defective.

Disk is write-protected

The write-protect tab is on the diskette.

Disk is not formatted

Either the diskette is not a

CP/M-86 formatted diskette or you attempted to format the diskette with a double-sided format in a single-sided drive.

1-11

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Error Messages

In addition to the error message, the Disk

Maintenance program prompts you to type any key on the keyboard. When you press a key, the

Main Menu reappears so you can try the step again.

End of Section 1

1-12

Section 2

USING DR GRAPH

After you duplicate the master diskette and format a data disk, you are ready to use DR

Graph. Just follow these steps:

1. Insert the duplicate copy of the DR Graph diskette in drive A. Insert a CP/M-86 formatted diskette for storing data files in drive

B.

2. Press the CONTROL (CTRL) key and C key at the same time. This sequence informs CP/M-

86 that you inserted a new diskette in one or more of the drives. Use CRTL-C when you replace a diskette in a drive.

3.

When the CP/M-86 system prompt A> appears, type the command RUN GRAPH:

A>RUN GRAPH

These messages appear on your screen:

RUN-86 Large Model .CMD Loader

Serial No. XXXX-OOOO-6S4321

Copyright (c) 1983

12 May 83 Vl.O

All Rights Reserved

Digital Research, Inc.

DR Graph 19 MAY 83

Serial No. XXXX-OOOO-OOOOOO

Copyright (c) 1983

Vl.O

All Rights Reserved

Digital Research Inc.

2-1

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Using DR Graph

After these messages, the DR GRAPH MAIN MENU appears on your screen. You are ready to use DR Graph. Turn to Section 3, "Getting

Started," in your DR Graph Graphic

Application User's Guide.

MAIN MENU

1. CREATE new

~raph

2. RECALL saved ~raph

3. DISPLAY current

~raph

4. EDIT current

~raph

5. OUTPUT current

~raph

6. SAVE current

~raph

7. MULTIPLE

~raphs per pa~e

O. EXIT DR GRAPH

_ CHOOSE FUNCTION BY NUMBER

Figure 2-1. DR Graph MAIN MENU

2-2

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Display the Sample Graph

RECALLING AND

DISPLAYING THE

SAMPLE GRAPH

For an example of a presentation-quality graph created by DR Graph, follow the directions below. In minutes you can display the sample graph from the master diskette on the graphics monitor.

1. Start from the DR Graph MAIN MENU shown in the preceding figure. Recall the file containing the sample graph by pressing the number 2 key for the RECALL option.

2. DR Graph displays the following message that as k s you to type the name of the file containing the graph. Enter the filename, sample.dat, then press <RETURN>.

Input File Name «RETU~ to exit): sample.dat

DR Graph displays the following CURVE EDIT

Menu.

2-3

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Display the Sample Graph

CURVE EDIT

Title

Subtitle

SGM INCORPORATED

Operatin!l Revenue

PriMarY Axis Title

_18_8_2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Se c on d a ry Ax i s Ti t 1 e

_$_M_I_L_LI_O_N_S _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Axis Type (NIP): f

Le~ends IY

IN):

'!...

(NUMeric or Periodic: daYStMOnthstquarters)

Cu rve

1

2

3

1I

5

Le~end

Expenses

Revenue

Operatin!l Revenue

CURVE TYPES:

Bar Line Marker Line

TYpe

Color Patte rn Sty 1 e SYMb

0

1 Wi dth

~ ~

..3. .J!.

-.l -.l

~

-.l

~

-.l

~

-.2

~

~

..2

-.l

-.1

---.!.

~

..2

--1

--1

-.l

-.l

--1

~

--1

--1

-.l

-.l

1 =Li ne 2=Ba r

3=Step lI=Stick 5=Scatte r

Press <ESC) to access above data iteMs

CHOOSE FUNCTION

BY NUMBER i.

Data

Entry

2.

Editin~

3.

Addi tional Axes

Edit

9. O.

Display Exit to

Graph Main Menu

Figure 2-2. CURVE EDIT Menu

3. Press the number 9 key to display the graph.

The graph you see on your graphics display monitor is the same one shown in the "Sample

Graph" figure in Section 1 of the DR Graph

Graphic Application User's Guide.

Press <RETURN> to go back to the CURVE EDIT

Menu. Then, press zero to return to the DR

Graph MAIN MENU.

The graph, sample.dat, is created with the following menus:

• CURVE DATA Menu

• CURVE EDIT Menu

• PERIODIC AXES EDIT Menu

• ADDITIONAL CURVE EDIT Menu

2-4

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Exiting DR Graph MAIN MENU

EXITING THE

DR GRAPH

MAIN MENU

You can exit the DR Graph MAIN MENU by pressing the zero key. When you exit the

DR Graph MAIN MENU, you return to the the CP/M-

86 system prompt A>. From wi thin DR Graph most of the submenus allow you to return to the MAIN

MENU by pressing zero. For an overview of DR

Graph Menus, refer to the Menu Map foldouts in the DR Graph Graphic Application User's Guide.

DR GRAPH ERROR

If you create a file and give i t the same name as one of the DR Graph system files, this error message appears when you attempt to save the file:

BDOS ERR B:R/O

The error message means that the file you specified is a read-only file and cannot be wr i tten over. Press <RETURN> to recall the

CP/M-86 system prompt. Type the RUN GRAPH command to return to DR Graph. The data you entered in the file is lost.

USING OTHER

PROGRAMS

With this package, you must exit DR Graph and and CP/M-86 by following these steps to use other programs:

1. Remove the DR Graph diskette from the system drive and replace i t with another application or operating system diskette.

2. Simultaneously press the keys CTRL, Alt, and

Del to restart the system.

End of Section 2

2-5

Section 3

MORE ABOUT YOUR CP/M-86 SYSTEM

This section descr ibes commands in your CP /M-86 system that let you do the following:

• Display a directory of a diskette

• Erase a file

• Check the remaining space on a diskette

DISPLAY A

DIRECTORY

The DIR command displays a list of the files on a diskette in drive A or B. The DIR command lists directory files. To list the files on a diskette, type the DIR command in response to the system prompt as shown in the examples:

1. When you type the DIR command, CP/M-86 gives you a list of the files on the diskette in the de f a u 1 t d r i ve • As t his e x am p 1 e illustrates, the alphabetic letter of the default drive precedes the system prompt.

A>DIR

A: SAMPLE DAT

SYSTEM FILE(S) EXIST

In this example, DIR lists the directory files on the diskette in drive A. The only directory file this diskette contains is the sample graph. The message SYSTEM FILE(S)

EXIST tells you files that are system files are on the diskette but they cannot be listed with the DIR command. The system files on the diskette are DR Graph files that are protected to ensure they are not accidentally erased.

3-1

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Display A Directory

2. To obtain a list of directory files on a diskette in another drive, type the DIR command followed by the letter of the drive and a colon.

A> OIR B:

B: SALES MAR EXPENSES MAY NEWPRODS APR

This DIR command lists the directory files on the diskette in drive B. Only three directory files are on the diskette.

3-2

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement

ERASE A FILE

Erase A File

The ERA command lets you erase any unnecessary files on a diskette to free more space for new files. To erase a file, type the ERA command followed by an alphabetic letter to denote the drive (if the file is on a diskette in another dr i ve), and the name of the file. The following examples show you how to use the ERA command.

1. You can erase a file from the diskette in the default drive. The alphabetic letter in the system prompt

A> tells you that drive

A is the default drive.

A>ERA graphl.dat

This example erases the file graph1.dat on the diskette in drive

A.

2.

To erase a file on the diskette in the data drive, type the drive letter and a colon following the ERA command but preceding the filename:

ERA B:graph34.dat

This command erases the file named graph34.dat on the data diskette in drive B.

3. If you type a filename incorrectly and the file does not exist on the diskette, CP/M-86 returns the No File message:

A>ERA GOBLYGOP

No File

The No File message indicates the file

GOBLYGOP does not exist on the diskette in drive A.

3-3

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Check Remaining Space

CHECK REMAINING

You can check the amount of space that

SPACE ON DISKETTES

remains on the system and data diskettes to determine whether you need to erase files or use a new diskette before you can create and save more files. With the STAT command you can check how much space remains on the system and data diskettes. A typical DR Graph file consumes four to six kilobytes of space on a diskette. The following examples show you how to use the STAT command:

1. Type the following STAT command to check the remaining space on the system and data diskettes.

A> STAT

A:RW, Free Space:

B:RW, Free Space:

48k

314k

This STAT command tells you that 48 kilobytes remain on the diskette in drive A and 314 kilobytes remain on the diskette in dr i ve B. The RW that precedes the Free

Space message informs you that the diskettes can be read and written.

2. To check the remaining space on only one diskette, type the STAT command and the letter denoting the drive.

A>

STAT B:

B:RW, Free Space: 92k

This example checks the amount of space remaining on the diskette in drive B. The

STAT command tells you that 92 kilobytes are available on the diskette and that you can read and write to it.

3-4

DR Graph User's Guide Supplement Check Remaining Space

Note:

Unless you access the data diskette with with DR Graph or a CP/M-86 command, STAT returns the amount of space remaining on the default drive only. However, if you access the data diskette in one of the following ways,

STAT returns the amount of space that remains on i t also:

• save or recall a file with DR Graph

• erase a file with the ERA command

• list the files on the diskette with the DIR command

End of Section 3

3-5

DR Graph™ Vl.O User's Guide Supplement

Application Note 01

Additional Features for the IBM® Personal Computer User

Copyright

©

1983 by Digital Research Inc.

CP/M-86 is a registered trademark of Digital Reaseach.

Concurrent CP/M-86 and DR Graph are trademarks of

Digital Research. IBM is a registered trademark of

International Business Machines.

August 1983

Applicable Product and Release Number: DR Graph™ VI. 0 for the IBM®

Personal Computer and all subsequent versions.

This note details information of additional DR Graph features available to the IBM Personal Computer user to those already documented in the DR Graph User's Guide and the DR Graph User's

Guide Supplement for the IBM Personal Computer.

CURSOR CONTROL

To move the cursor, insert data, or delete data, use the four Arrow keys plus the Insert (Ins) and Delete (Del) keys rather than the

Control Keys, documented in Table 3-1 of your DR Graph User's Guide.

The TAB, RETURN, and ESC keys work as documented in Table 3-1.

DISPLAY YOUR GRAPH IN COLOR

Although you design a graph in monochrome (black and white) mode, you can display it in color mode by using the COLOR CRT option in the OUTPUT GRAPH Menu. Monochrome mode provides high resolution graphics that lets you more accurately position text when you annotate a graph or move legends. Color mode is limited to medium resolution graphics, which lets you display a graph in color before you print or plot it.

ADDITIONAL COMPONENT SUPPORT

You can use this package on the IBM Personal Computer XT.

CONCURRENT CP jM-86

SUPPORT

You can use DR Graph with both Concurrent CP/M-86 and CP/M-86®. To use DR Graph, enter the GRAPHICS command after the system prompt.

A>GRAPHICS

After several banners appear and the system prompt returns, type the command RUN GRAPH to start DR Graph.

A>RUH GRAPH

1

Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement