Nu-Calgon Product Bulletin A/C EasySeal

Nu-Calgon Product Bulletin A/C EasySeal
Nu-Calgon Product Bulletin
• Prevents refrigerant leaks and seals
existing leaks in air conditioning
and refrigeration systems
3-52
Total System Protection
A/C EasySeal
• Eliminates expensive leak search
and repair
• Travels with refrigerant to find
leaks fast
• Utilizes a reusable hose
Application:
Small systems
1.5 tons & under
One of the most difficult and costly tasks for the
service technician is servicing a system that has
a refrigerant leak. And given today’s requirements
for leak management and repair, it is very important
that leaks be repaired. A/C EasySeal addresses the
need for a quick and reliable method to seal these
problematic leaks. In fact, it can be used to prevent
leaks.
Description:
A/C EasySeal is designed to prevent as well as repair
leaks anywhere in the system, including condensers,
evaporators, copper lines, and soldered joints. It is easily
injected into the system, traveling with the refrigerant,
searching for leaks. The fact that A/C EasySeal travels
with the refrigerant is very important to its ability to
find leaks faster, using less sealant than those sealants
designed to mix and travel with the systems oil.
In most cases, one can will seal systems that have
lost all refrigerant in as little as seven days and is
designed for large systems up to 5 tons. For systems
1.5 tons to fractional, use A/C EasySeal-SS.
A/C EasySeal
3 oz. pressurized can
Treats 1.5 - 5 tons
4050-06
The A/C EasySeal circulates though the system with the
refrigerant seeking out leaks rather than migrating slowly
with the oil…keeping in mind that only a small portion
of the system oil actually migrates with the refrigerant
through the system.
A/C EasySeal
4050-02
A/C EasySeal will react with moisture or air that is
naturally present at a leak, forming a secure seal. A/C
EasySeal is compatible with the refrigerant, oil and all
system materials and it will not react until it comes into
contact with the air and moisture at the leak, forming a
seal.
Directions for Use:
A/C EasySeal is a time saver. It finds leaks quickly and
seals them, saving the time and money required in
searching for the smallest leaks. With A/C EasySeal, the
contractor is able to just add a can to the system and be
confident the leak has been fixed and move on to the
next job.
Packaging
“2+1” Display Pack
A/C EasySeal-SS 1.25 oz. pressurized can 4050-01
Treats fractional to 1.5 tons
A/C Piercing Valve and Hose
4051-99
Read all directions and warnings before using.
Note: For professional use only. Wear safety glasses
and protective gloves. Use in accordance with all
regulations and proper service practices in handling
of refrigerant.
Important: A/C EasySeal can be used to seal most
refrigerant leaks where the entire charge is lost as
quickly as 7 days. Additionally, the following should be
addressed prior to charging A/C EasySeal:
2008 Altom Ct. • St. Louis, MO 63146 • 800-554-5499 • www.nucalgon.com
Calgon is a licensed trade name • (612) 3-52
1. Other than for the loss of refrigerant due to the
leak, the system should be operating within
reasonable pressure/temperature conditions and
parameters.
2. System should be free of contaminants. If necessary
pull vacuum to remove non-condensables. If
moisture was present, it may be advisable to use
A/C EasyDry. And if an acid condition is known
to exist, use Rx-Acid Scavenger.
3. If necessary (i.e. restrictions due to plugging),
change drier cores.
4. If the refrigerant leak was considerable, it may
be appropriate to add refrigerant just to bring
system closer to normal operating conditions.
Final refrigerant charging or “top-off” will still be
necessary as a last step.
5. A
/C EasySeal should only be installed as
instructed and only on low side. Can is pressure
rated to 270 psi, and exceeding this pressure
could result in rupture and possible injury.
Failure to address these items or conditions
may result in damage to the system or the
compressor.
If system’s low side pressure is below 65 psi
while running (R-22):
1. Shake can well. Make sure system is running and
low side is below 65 psi.
2. Be sure piercing valve handle is turned fully
counter clockwise and then attach piercing valve
to can.
3. Attach other end of charging hose to low side
service port. As this is done, there will be a very
small release of system charge that will purge air
from the hose.
4. Turn piercing valve handle fully clockwise to
pierce can. Invert can and hold above low side
service port.
5. While inverted, turn piercing valve handle counter
clockwise to install A/C EasySeal. Allow approx.
1 minute for product to completely enter the
system.
6. Once product is dispensed, remove hose from
low side service port. Retain hose for future
installations and dispose can properly.
7. Charge with refrigerant to achieve correct system
pressure. DO NOT overcharge.
8. Run system continuously for a minimum of 1 hour
to allow product to fully circulate through system.
FIGURE 1
Piercing Valve Handle
Piercing Valve
Charging Hose
Can (A/C EasySeal)
If system’s low side pressure is ABOVE 65 psi
while running (R-410A):
IMPORTANT: Product is to be injected only after the
system has been pumped down and the low side has
a pressure of 40-50 psi. Since low side pressures
in a R-410A system are higher than the pressure in
the A/C EasySeal can, you must first pump down
the system to inject the product. To do so, follow the
below instructions.
1. Secure electric power to the unit and connect the
refrigerant manifold, as shown in Figure 2.
2. Close the liquid line valve and turn the
compressor on to start pumping refrigerant into
the condenser.
3. Operate the compressor until the suction gauge
on the manifold shows a pressure of 40 to 50 psi
(lower pressure than what is in the can). CAUTION:
Do not pump completely down as low pressure
cut-off or high pressure relief could engage.
4. When the pressure on the suction gauge is
between 40 and 50 psi, turn the compressor
off and immediately close the suction line valve.
This procedure traps most of the refrigerant in
the condenser allowing you to inject the A/C
EasySeal. (Be sure the pressure in the low side is
between 40 and 50 psi)
6. Attach other end of charging hose to low side
service port. As this is done, there will be a very
small release of system charge that will purge air
from the hose. Additionally, where permissible
by law, the hose can be purged by slightly
unscrewing the piercing valve from the can
allowing the system’s charge to enter and purge
the hose.
7. Turn piercing valve handle fully clockwise to
pierce can. Invert can and hold above low side
service port.
8. While inverted, turn piercing valve handle counter
clockwise to open valve and install A/C EasySeal.
Allow approximately 1 minute for product to
completely enter the system.
9. Once product is dispensed, close piercing valve
and remove hose from low side service port.
10.After the charging hose is disconnected from the
system, open the valves to allow the refrigerant
back into the rest of the system. Charge system
with refrigerant to achieve correct system
pressure. DO NOT overcharge. Run the A/C
system continuously for 1 hour to allow product
to fully circulate through system.
REUSABLE PIERCING VALVE AND HOSE,
DO NOT DISCARD.
5. Shake can well. Be sure piercing valve handle is
turned fully counter clockwise and then attach
piercing valve to can. Be sure not to cross thread
or over tighten.
LOW
CLOSED
HIGH
CLOSED
FIGURE 2
DISCHARGE
SERVICE VALVE
METERING
VALVE
CONDENSER
EVAPORATOR
SUCTION
LINE VALVE
LIQUID LINE
VALVE
Frequently Asked Questions:
What is A/C EasySeal?
It is a sealant formulated specifically to seal refrigerant
leaks in air conditioning and refrigeration systems.
How does A/C EasySeal work?
It is activated by moisture or air, both of which will exist at
a leak. Once activated, it forms a permanent epoxy-like
seal at the site of the leak. Its behavior is similar to blood
clotting to form a scab.
How much A/C EasySeal should I use?
Generally, one can of A/C EasySeal should be used in 1.5
to 5 ton systems. A/C EasySeal-SS should be used in small
fractional horsepower systems under 1.5 tons or 18,000
Btu/h and can also be used to seal leaks in automotive A/C
systems. Ultimately, the size of the leak, not the system’s
tonnage, will determine how much sealant is needed.
How large of a refrigerant leak will A/C EasySeal repair?
Generally, if the system doesn’t leak its entire charge in 7
days, A/C EasySeal will repair it.
Once in the system, how does A/C EasySeal behave?
It travels with the refrigerant, behaving much like a vapor
or mist.
When should A/C EasySeal be used?
Whenever a leak exists and traditional methods of finding
and repairing it are costly or not practical. Also, it can be
used to prevent leaks by sealing them as they occur.
How long does it take to seal?
Approximately 20 minutes.
What if there is moisture in the system?
At industry accepted levels of moisture*, A/C EasySeal will
not react within the system due to the very low amount of
moisture in circulation. A/C EasySeal is designed to react
at higher levels of moisture saturation (relative humidity)
found at a leak site, not at sparse moisture levels found
in most systems. If moisture is suspected or determined
to be above these accepted levels, use A/C EasyDry 20
minutes prior to addressing the leak with A/C EasySeal.
*For POE lubricant systems: <100 ppm
For mineral/alkylbenzene lubricant systems: <50 ppm
Is A/C EasySeal compatible with refrigerants?
Yes, it is fully compatible and miscible with CFC’s, HCFC’s,
HFC’s and hydrocarbons.
Will A/C EasySeal clog valve core or Schrader valve?
No it will not. But, if core is leaking during normal system
operation, A/C EasySeal will seal the leak. When used
again, the reconnection process will break the seal.
Will A/C EasySeal harm the compressor or other
system components?
No, it will not. It is compatible with all system materials,
including materials of construction, refrigeration oil,
refrigerant, compressor windings, etc.
Is the A/C EasySeal proven or established?
Yes, the chemistry has been used for over 10 years in
various industries, including the military, automobile, and
the Aerospace industry.
What size of hole will A/C EasySeal repair?
It will seal the smallest micro-pore holes up to very large
holes where the refrigerant is lost in 7 days.
Does the volume of system’s refrigeration oil affect
using the product?
No, it does not since the product travels with the refrigerant.
How long will A/C EasySeal remain in a system?
Indefinitely, or until the system’s refrigerant is removed
What happens to A/C EasySeal if the refrigerant must
be reclaimed?
Because A/C EasySeal travels with the refrigerant, when
the refrigerant is reclaimed, the sealant will be reclaimed
as well. The benefit is that no sealant is left in the system
when it is opened for repair.
What happens to A/C EasySeal if the system is pumped
down for repair?
The sealant will travel with the refrigerant and consequently,
be stored in the condenser while the system is being
opened for repairs. Because A/C EasySeal travels with the
refrigerant and not the oil, that portion of the system can
be opened for repair without concern.
Can A/C EasySeal be used in R-410A systems? In heat
pumps?
Yes to both. In R-410A applications, use the directions on
the inside of this bulletin to inject.
Will A/C EasySeal damage recovery equipment?
No, as long as the equipment is properly maintained to
the manufacturer’s specifications, and the equipment
should be free of moisture and air. Refrigerant should be
reclaimed as used refrigerant.
Can multiple cans of A/C EasySeal be used in larger
commercial systems?
Yes, but it is recommended that the contractor start with
one can and monitor the system thereafter. Remember, it
is the size of the leak, and not tonnage, that determines
how much sealant is needed.
How do I inject A/C EasySeal-SS into an automotive
A/C system?
Inject it just as you would in a small stationary R-22 A/C
system; make sure you have the proper R-134a charging
hose to fit the low side charging port on the automobile
A/C system.
2008 Altom Ct. • St. Louis, MO 63146 • 800-554-5499 • www.nucalgon.com
Calgon is a licensed trade name • (612) 3-52
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