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Instruction Manual
LabSat
Dual Constellation GNSS Simulator
Contents
Contents .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
Operation ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4
LabSat Equipment .............................................................................................................................................................................. 5
Connector overview ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6
PC Requirements ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Installing LabSat Software ................................................................................................................................................................ 7
Software Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
LabSat Settings Menu ...................................................................................................................................................................... 10
Recording GPS Data with LabSat ................................................................................................................................................... 12
Recording Data with a Brake Trigger Input or other event ........................................................................................................... 16
Replaying GPS Data with LabSat .................................................................................................................................................... 17
Converting LabSat 2 Scenarios to run on LabSat ......................................................................................................................... 23
SatGen Software............................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Interface Modules ............................................................................................................................................................................. 25
Video Synchronisation .................................................................................................................................................................... 26
Troubleshooting Guide .................................................................................................................................................................... 29
LabSat Specifications ...................................................................................................................................................................... 30
LabSat Software Development Kit (SDK) ....................................................................................................................................... 30
Connector Pinout Data .................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Contact Details ................................................................................................................................................................................. 35
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Introduction
The LabSat is a dedicated Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
signal simulator with RF record and playback facilities, enabling real world
GPS & Galileo testing to take place in the laboratory. The LabSat is small
and rugged, allowing it to be used in the field to continuously record the
RF GPS/Galileo signal in a digital form which can then be replayed at a
later date.
LabSat is ideal for almost any kind of GPS development, e.g. GPS
engines; GPS enabled Smartphones, Portable Navigation Devices, GPS
tracking systems and much more. It is also very well suited to production
line testing as it can represent a real world test as well as a carefully
simulated scenario.
To cover all testing requirements, replay scenarios can also be generated
directly using the Racelogic SatGen software. LabSat works with the L1
(1575.42MHz) signal and has no limit to the number of satellites that can
be logged. Galileo L1 Signal can be recorded and replayed.

Ability to replay data allows repeatable testing of GNSS
receiver capabilities such as:
- Sensitivity – Tracking and Acquisition
- Time To First Fix (TTFF) – Cold, Warm and Hot Start
- Position Accuracy and Repeatability
- Tracking Accuracy and Repeatability
- Reacquisition Time

Real world GNSS effects can be seen in test scenarios
- Multipath
- Drop-outs
- Tree coverage
- Adverse Terrain Effects
- Atmospheric effect
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Operation
Depending on model type, the LabSat is able to record RF data directly
from an active antenna and store the data on a hard drive or generate
GNSS RF signals from data stored on a hard drive.
There are two RF ports on the LabSat these are marked ANTENNA and
RF OUT. The ANTENNA socket is used to connect an active GPS
antenna when recording data. During recording, the RF OUTPUT port is
switched off to ensure that it does not interfere with the recorded data.
The RF OUTPUT port is used to connect the LabSat to the GPS system
under test. The output signal of the LabSat is at a nominal level of -85dBm
when replaying previously recorded data. Using the PC software, it is
possible to attenuate the LabSat output by up to 30dBm giving a signal
power range of -85dBm down to -115dBm. Adjustment to the output
attenuation is made using the slider control in the LabSat software. With
the slider at the lowest position on the screen, attenuation is 0dB meaning
0dB of attenuation on the nominal -85dB output. As the slider is moved
along, the attenuation increases, reducing the output level accordingly.
When replaying RF data into a GNSS engine, it may be necessary to
increase attenuation in order for the GNSS engine to acquire satellite data.
It is also important to note when replaying previously recorded
GPS/Galileo data, that it may be required to cold start the GNSS engine
under test. This is because GNSS engines rely on downloaded almanac
data to determine which satellites to look for at a given date and time. A
cold start of the GNSS engine should clear any stored almanac data,
forcing the GNSS engine to look for all satellites available.
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LabSat Equipment
Standard equipment
Part Number
RLLSx01
LS01
LSHDD01
RLVBACS020
RLCAB042
RLCAB112
RLCAB010L
RLVBACS001
RLACS154
RLCAB071-1
RLCAB082-1
RLCAB083-1
RLCAB084-1
CDRLLS2
LS01MAN
RLLSCAL
Description
LabSat Main Unit
LabSat Scenario Hard Disk Drive 250GB USB Drive
Mains Power Supply
USB ‘A’ to USB ‘B’ Lead - 2m
USB - 5 Way LEMO Serial Cable
Power Cable - 2 Way LEMO to vehicle 12V socket
GPS Magnetic Mount Active Antenna (not applicable to replay-only LabSat )
LabSat Carry Case
RG174 - 1M (SMA Plug to SMA Plug) Cable
RG174 - 1M (SMA Plug to MCX Plug) Cable
RG174 - 1M (SMA Plug to MMCX Plug) Cable
RG174 - 1M (SMA Plug to TNC Plug) Cable
LabSat Software CD
LabSat Manual
Calibration Certificate
Optional equipment
Part Number
RLLSIM01
RLLSIM02
RLLSIM03
RLLSIM04
RLLSSGSW02
RLLSSGSWG
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Description
Interface Module for CAN Bus Input / Output
Interface Module for RS-232 Input / Output
Interface Module for RS-422 or RS-485 Input / Output
Dual CAN Bus interface Module
SatGen v2 Software - GPS signal creation software
SatGen Software – GPS / GLONASS scenario creation software. (Please contact Racelogic for details)
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Connector overview
Connector
USB
PWR
AD1
AD2
D OUT
Description
High speed USB 2.0 link
12 volt DC
Digital Input
Digital outputs 1 & 2
CAN
NMEA Output RS232 / CAN Bus
Comment
Transfers data to and from PC
Power Supply Input to LabSat
Reserved for future use
Digital Input 1 – TTL Input – used to mark events during GPS recording
Digital output 1 used to replay digital/trigger events
Digital output 2 outputs 1PPS TTL pulse when internal GPS engine has satellite lock during replay
RS232 outputs NMEA from internal GPS engine during replay / CAN Reserved for future use
SER
RF OUT
ANTENNA
RS232 / Interface modules
GPS simulation RF output
GPS Active antenna input
Firmware upgrade / Connection of interface modules
GPS L1 Transmission during replay mode
Used when recording GPS signal
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PC Requirements
The LabSat uses a USB 2.0 HI-SPEED interface for data transfer.
Minimum recommended specification for the desktop or laptop PC to be used with the LabSat.





Intel® Core2™ Duo 1.6GHz
1GB RAM
500GB Hard Drive
Microsoft Windows® XP, Windows Vista®, Windows® 7 and Windows 8.
Microsoft .net Framework
Minimum recommended specification for the desktop or laptop PC to be used with SatGen software.




Intel® Core2™ Duo 1.8GHz
2GB RAM
250GB Hard Drive
Microsoft Windows® XP, Windows Vista® or Windows 7, and Windows 8.
Installing LabSat Software
Configuration and control of the LabSat is performed using the supplied LabSat Software. Before using your LabSat it is necessary to install the software
which also contains the USB drivers required for communication. Once this has been done the USB cable should be connected to the LabSat prior to it being
powered, this allows the configuration of the USB connection from LabSat to the computer.
When you connect to the LabSat via USB A to B cable for the first time you will be required to install USB drivers, please see the section ‘Connecting LabSat
USB’ below.
Insert the supplied CD-ROM into the CD drive of your computer. An installation dialog will automatically appear; follow the onscreen instructions to complete
the installation of the setup software.
After installation the CD-ROM can be removed and an icon should have appeared on your desktop that will allow you to start the LabSat software.
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Connecting LabSat USB and installing drivers
Prior to powering up LabSat for the first time the USB cable should be connected, this allows the correct configuration of the USB connection from LabSat to
the computer. When the USB is connected for the first time you will need to follow the instructions below.
NB: The order in which the connections are made is important.
1. Connect the USB A to B cable between the LabSat and the computer.
NB: The LabSat does not need to be powered for these steps as the USB board
inside the LabSat will obtain power via the USB cable connection to the computer.
2. The computer should now recognise the presence of a new USB device; after a
short period of time a ‘Found New Hardware Wizard’ window will appear.
Click Next to continue the installation.
3. Click ‘next’, with the option ‘Install the software automatically (Recommended)’
Selected. (See image right)
4. At the last window click ‘Finish’ to complete the installation.
5. This process will then repeat a second time beginning with step 2.
Now connect the LabSat to its power supply. Your computer should now recognise the unit, and the USB connections will be recognised by the LabSat Setup
software when started. Double-click the LabSat software icon to start the software. If you intend to use the Internal GNSS monitor connect the USB - USB - 5
Way LEMO Serial Cable and select the correct serial port in the Plug-ins section of the setting menu.
See the Troubleshooting section if the installation process fails at any stage.
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Software Overview
The LabSat software is used to control record or replay functions of the LabSat. The picture below shows the LabSat Record screen.
Scenario
File Name
Stop
Record
Start Record
Display
Buffer
Status
Record Mode
Display
Advanced
Playback
Control
LabSat
Settings
Display
GNSS
Monitor
Available in
Replay Mode
Serial Number
of Connected
LabSat and
Options
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LabSat Settings Menu
The LabSat software can be used to control LabSat hardware, as well as the multi-GNSS LabSat 2. When a LabSat is connected to the PC the LabSat
software will auto-detect the type of hardware connected and configure LabSat correctly.
In the example shown, left, a LabSat Record and Replay unit has been
connected to the PC. The LabSat software has been started and the Settings
menus accessed.
LabSat is a single channel GNSS Replay and/or Record Simulator. The
device will record and replay from the GPS L1 RF signal. This is the default
position for LabSat.
In the example shown GNSS Monitor is set to Internal LabSat. This uses the
internal GPS engine to monitor GPS signals during Replay only on the LabSat
software GUI. The monitor can be set to Internal LabSat (10Hz) which will
use up to to eight satellites only in this mode. An external Serial Monitor may
also be selected, to display NMEA data (if available) from the GPS receiver
under test on the LabSat software. The NVS NVO8C setting refers to a GPS
& GLONASS monitor capability for LabSat 2. The GNSS Monitor may also be
disabled to allow for other programmes to monitor the LabSat GPS receiver
output.
Note the Video Sync and Serial Proxy tick boxes. Video Sync allows for the
synchronisation of the LabSat scenario with a video VBOX recording of the
route. Serial Proxy allows for the serial NMEA data from the internal receiver
to be redirected to another port. The Turntable Control is part of the LabSat
Turntable application. Please contact your LabSat distributor or Racelogic for
further details.
.
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The Upgrade Button is used for specific software upgrades such as input of data to allow for a Replay Only LabSat to be set up for a limited rental record
period. Please contact Racelogic or your LabSat distributer for details. Note: The Upgrade Button is not to be used for firmware upgrades.
Upgrade button
Configuration of
Hardware setting
greyed out for
LabSat
Internal LabSat
GPS Monitor
selected
Settings Button
Selected
GPS Monitor Serial
port com setting
GNSS Monitor
selected, Video
Sync & Serial Proxy
deselected
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Turntable control
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Recording GPS Data with LabSat
NB: Applicable to RLLSC01 and RLLSR01 LabSat Models Only
The GPS antenna supplied with the LabSat is a 3.3V active antenna with 28dB gain. For the best possible signal quality, it is important to maintain a
clean connection between the antenna and the LabSat. Before fixing the antenna to the LabSat, ensure that there are no dust particles in either
connector. Replacement antennas are available by contacting LabSat or your LabSat distributor.
The antenna is a magnetic mounting type for quick and simple mounting to the vehicle roof. For optimum GPS signal reception, make sure that the
antenna is fitted to the highest point of the vehicle away from any obstructions that may block satellite reception. The GPS antenna works best with a
metal ground plane underneath (a metallic vehicle roof is perfect for this).
Please also note that when using any GPS equipment, a clear sky view is important. Objects in
the surrounding area such as tall buildings or trees can block the GPS signal causing a
reduction in the number of satellites being tracked, or introducing reflected signals that can
decrease the accuracy of the system. Note that clouds and other atmospheric conditions do not
affect the LabSat’s performance.
GPS antennas require a ground plane to operate correctly. This helps to reduce unwanted
reflections of the GPS signal caused by nearby objects, and usually the metal roof of a vehicle
performs this function. However, if a test requires an antenna to be placed either off the vehicle,
or on a vehicle that does not have a metallic roof, a special ground plane antenna must be used.
This has an internal ground plane and can operate perfectly without the need for mounting on a
metal surface. Ground plane antennas are available from your LabSat distributor.
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The LabSat is set up according to the diagram opposite.
1. Connect power to the LabSat.
2. Connect the Active GPS antenna to the RF IN port of the LabSat.
3. Connect the high speed USB cable to the computer on which the
Scenario data file is to be recorded. It is possible to connect an
external USB drive to the computer and stream the recorded file
directly onto this drive.
4. Start the LabSat software.
Before recording Scenario data it is important to observe certain criteria,
failure to follow these precautions may result in satellite data dropouts or
corrupt data contained within the recorded file.
Very Important: Running Background Applications if Logging to Computer
The LabSat has a two second USB buffer, but due to the exceptionally high data rates and processing power utilised by the LabSat USB bus when
recording GPS L1 data, it is important to have no other applications running on the computer and not to start any other applications whilst the
LabSat is recording data. Also make sure you do not start to move windows around, or do anything which takes processing power away from the
LabSat application, as Windows can occasionally stall for more than 2 seconds when launching/running other applications. Even though you may
have multiple USB ports on your computer, in most cases they all share the same bus. Therefore try to limit any activity using additional USB
devices.
Recording Data to an External Drive:
It is recommended that any external drive used to record scenarios is formatted in the NTFS format. The FAT32 format has a file size limit of 4 GB,
which is equivalent to about 34 minutes of recording. The USB drives supplied with the LabSat are pre-formatted using the NTFS file format.
5. Once the LabSat software is running, LabSat is now ready to record data.
6. Click the Browse Button. The user will be prompted to enter the filename and choose the location of the recorded file.
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7. Click the Record Button. The REC Light on the front panel of LabSat will start to flash, indicating that LabSat is recording GNSS RF data.
8. As the LabSat begins to record data the Duration timer will indicate the length of scenario recorded and the Filesize will begin to increase.
9. During Record, the Buffer display may be selected, to show that the buffer is not becoming overloaded. The illuminated bar graph indicates buffer
level and there is also a moving line graph showing buffer level over time.
Browse
Button
Scenario Path
and File Name
Scenario File
Size Indicator
Scenario
Duration Timer
Record
Button
Scenario
Duration Timer
Record Mode
Selected
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10. The Advanced Recording Control allows users to pre-select either a fixed recording time or a fixed recording file size. The default option is
continuous recording. In the example, below, a fixed scenario time of 2 minutes 10 seconds has been selected. The scenario record time may also
be limited by selecting a maximum file size for the recorded scenario.
Buffer Status
Buffer Display
Fixed Time
Recording
selector
Advanced Recording
Control
Fixed File Size
Recording
selector
11. Click Stop, to stop recording GNSS RF data
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NB: Satellite Lock
There is no ‘acquisition time’ as such when recording data with the LabSat 2 as it is recording the complete RF signal rather than tracking individual satellites.
However, when recording data, we recommend that you allow around 5 - 10 minutes of stationary recording in an open location with good unrestricted
visibility of the entire sky before moving off. In this way any GNSS engine having the LabSat scenario played back to it will have plenty of time to lock onto
satellites and begin storing almanac data.
NB: LabSat Data Rate
LabSat records RF data over high speed USB at a data rate in excess of 2MB/sec, This means the data files created by LabSat become large very quickly. It
is important to ensure that there is sufficient space on the computer or USB hard drive where the recorded data file is to be stored.
Recording Data with a Brake Trigger Input or other event
The AD2 connection on the front panel of the LabSat carries a digital input which can be used to mark an event such as a brake trigger event. Contact
Racelogic for details of hand-held or pedal mounted switches that can be used with LabSat to record events.
When a change occurs on the digital input during a record session, a marker is placed in the recorded GPS data. Two marker types are used, one to signal a
negative transition on the digital input and the other to signal a positive transition.
During replay of GPS data, the ‘digital 1’ output found on connector DOUT pin2 will re-create the events that happened on the digital input pin as the GPS
data was recorded.
The digital input and digital output signals are also connected to the SER connector on the LabSat to allow connection of the optional interface modules. See
section Interface Modules for more details.
Note: the digital input on connector AD2 is also connected to the SER connector for use with the signal Interface Modules. Therefore, it is not possible to use
the AD2 connector digital input when using one of the Interface Modules.
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Replaying GPS Data with LabSat
NB: Applicable to RLLSP01 and RLLSR01 LabSat Models.
Any LabSat unit can replay a recorded scenario file to any connected GNSS device capable of receiving the L1 GPS/Galileo signal.
NB: LabSat is designed for direct connection to a GNSS receiver via a suitably screened cable. If testing is to be performed on GNSS equipment
without an external antenna connection, it is the responsibility of the user to ensure that this is done in a fully RF screened environment.
Contact Racelogic for more information.
The LabSat is connected as illustrated in the diagram below:
1. Connect power to the LabSat, and the recipient GNSS device.
2. Connect the high speed USB (A to B) and USB serial cable from the LabSat to
the computer the Scenario data file will be replayed from.
3. The LabSat comes supplied with a number of adaptor cables which allow
connection to a number of GNSS devices. Select the appropriate antenna cable
for the device to be connected.
4. Connect the RF-Out connector of the LabSat (illustrated Right) to the GNSS
antenna input of the device.
5. Start the LabSat software.
6. The LabSat is now ready to replay GPS/Galileo data to the DUT (Device Under Test). Select the Replay Mode tab on the LabSat (See below). The
LabSat is now ready to replay GPS/Galileo RF data.
7. Once the GNSS device is powered and ready to receive data, press the Browse button to locate and select the scenario required for the test. The
Info button will display a summary of the scenario.
8. Click the Play button to start scenario replay on LabSat.
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Replay
Mode
Browse
Button
Progress
Bar
Info
Button
Play Button
9. The progress bar gives a visual indication of the current progress through the scenario file being replayed.
10. The total duration of the scenario selected, and the progress of the scenario replay are also shown on the LabSat software, above.
11. The replay of the file can be stopped and restarted by pressing the ‘Stop’ button then the ‘Play’ button at any point during Playback.
12. Depending on the sensitivity of the GNSS engine under test, it may be necessary to adjust the output attenuation control slider. This can be used to
vary the output power of the LabSat from a nominal -85dBm down to -115dB. In the example below, the digital output attenuator has been set to
provide 15.5 dB of attenuation. It is recommended to try the 0dB slider setting (-85dBm output) first. If the GPS engine under test does not lock onto
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the LabSat signal at 0dB then increase the attenuation slider by 0.5dB at a time and replay the file. It is also advisable to cold start the GPS device
under test after starting each replay to clear any almanac data that the GNSS engine may have stored.
Advanced
Playback
Control
Attenuation
Control Slider
13. The Advanced Playback Control on LabSat contains a feature that allows you to repeat the same scenario over again, so that at the end of the
scenario replay the LabSat will loop back to the start of the scenario, and start replaying the scenario over again. The user can specify the number of
repeats, or set the scenario to repeat indefinitely. You can also specify a time delay between repeats, for example to allow time for a cold-start of the
DUT before the scenario re-starts. In the example shown, four repeats have been selected, with a delay of 30 seconds between each repeat of the
scenario replay.
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Replay
progress
Advance
Playback
Control
Repeat Type
Setting
Control Slider
14. The Advanced Playback Control also allows users to define a specific start point, end point, or duration of a scenario. In the example shown
previously the scenario is set to start 28 seconds from the beginning, and the end point has been set to 1 minute 50 seconds into the scenario, giving
a total scenario replay time of 1 minute 22 seconds.The slider position, on Advanced Playback Control indicates progress along the specified
scenario length. The scenario may also be fast forwarded, and rewound, by clicking on the progress pointer, and dragging it along the blue progress
bar. If you wish to start replaying a scenario at some point other than the start of the file. The Start Point setting may be used to specify the time to
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advance the replay start point. By combining the ‘Start Point’ and ‘End Point’ or ‘Length’ functions, it is possible to select a particular time segment
out of any given scenario.
Note: At least 30 seconds of constant satellite data is required for the receiver to collect the necessary data to use that satellite so choose sections of the
recording with good view of the sky to reflect the real world situation when commencing replaying a section of the scenario.
15. GPS Monitor displays the NMEA Output from the internal LabSat GPS Receiver during scenario replay.
Internal
LabSat
Receiver
Information
Place mouse
over histogram
to see
individual
satellite
information
Graphic Showing
Time v Speed
16. The Video Sync is a powerful way of using a video recording of your live route to replay in synchronisation with the LabSat scenario file. For a full
descriptions please go the the Video Synchronisation section. To play a LabSat scenario with the recorded video VBOX recording please tick the
video sync tick box in the plug-in settings section. The video sync drop down section will appear in the relay section of the software. Locate the
LabSat file as normal using the browse button and then locate the browse button in the video sync drop down menu. Click on the vbo file located in
the same folder as the Video recording file. Wait for the file to load in the software and then click on the play button as normal. The LabSat scenario
file will then play in synchronisation with the Video VBOX video. Please ensure that the GPS monitor is enabled and is showing the live data from the
LabSat scenario.
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LabSat Scenario file
recorded at the
same time as the
video
Start and Stop the
synchronised
LabSat and video
VBOX files
Video VBOX File
replay is
synchronised with
the LabSat scenario
replay
Video Replay
Click on screen to
expand to full screen
size
Sync time difference
The video VBOX video shown in the software can be expanded by clicking on it to the full screen size of the computer screen.
17. Click Stop, to halt replay of GNSS RF data and the video replay.
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Converting LabSat 2 Scenarios to run on LabSat
LabSat uses a binary Intermediate Frequency, to down convert GPS RF data into a binary file, whereas LabSat 2 stores GNSS RF data as an IQ binary file.
This means that existing LabSat scenarios cannot be run natively on a LabSat 2 or vice versa.
Racelogic has therefore developed a conversion utility which allows LabSat users to perform a one-time conversion of existing LabSat 2 scenarios into the
LabSat *.bin format or LabSat scenarios into the LabSat 2 *.ls2 format. The conversion utility is provided with the LabSat software and provides for automatic
conversion of LabSat scenario files. The operation of the conversion utility is shown, below.
Clicking the browse button beside Source Scenario allows you to specify the
existing LabSat scenario for conversion. LabSat scenarios have the file
format: Filename.bin and LabSat 2 scenarios have the file format:
Filename.ls2.
The LabSat Scenario Converter tool will automatically convert the existing
LabSat scenario, Filename.bin into a LabSat 2 scenario, Filename.ls2 or
existing LabSat 2 scenario, Filename.ls2 into a LabSat scenario
Filename.bin.
The new scenario will be automatically saved in the same location on the PC
as the existing Source scenario. It is possible to specify a different location
and filename by clicking the browse button beside Destination Scenario, on
the LabSat Scenario Converter
A new LabSat converted scenario can be run on a LabSat GNSS simulator. This new scenario contains only GPS L1 RF data. The RF data for GLONASS
L1 is not created by the LabSat Scenario Conversion tool
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SatGen Software
SatGen v2 software is a powerful tool for defining and creating RF playback scenario files for use with the LabSat Simulator. For many applications LabSat
can record and playback real world, live sky data, but there may be times when you need a more controlled, user definable signal. When this is the case,
SatGen v2 provides all of the tools necessary to create a predictable, stable and accurate output from LabSat. SatGen v2 has the distinct advantage of
allowing for the creation of scenarios with any dynamics, location, date or time.
Why use SatGen v2 software?
You might be based in Europe, but your GPS devices will be deployed throughout the world. With
SatGen v2 you can create a test scenario based on a user-generated trajectory file for virtually any
location, including hostile areas for which live-sky field testing might be impossible. This allows you
to verify that your GPS equipment design performs as required, in a variety of locations that may be
geographically remote from your facility. It also means the same scenario can be replayed
repeatedly to see how the device under test (DUT) performs.
Of course, LabSat can record and replay live data, but creating an artificial scenario allows you to
precisely control the data content, and create a ‘gold standard’ file for carrying out true comparisons
between receivers. From your bench you can try different acceleration levels, crossing different
time zones, the equator, leap second roll-overs and many hard to replicate tests.
Artificial scenario files can easily be created from a static position, draw a route, import a file
(NMEA, Google.kml, VBOX.vbo) and user defined instructions with inclusive pre defined examples.
Choice of two software programmes
SatGen v2 GPS Only Simulation Software with ‘LabSat’ 1bit and ‘LabSat 2’ 2bit GPS RF data output in static or dynamic modes: User configurable time,
date and duration for static scenario creation. SatGen v2 dynamic scenario creation with draw a route, file upload and user defined command options.
SatGen v2 GPS & GLONASS Simulation Software with ‘LabSat’ 1bit and ‘LabSat 2’ 2bit GPS and GLONASS RF data output in static or dynamic modes:
User configurable time, date and duration input for static scenario creation. SatGen v2 dynamic scenario creation with draw a route, file upload and user
defined command options
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Interface Modules
During recording, the LabSat monitors the digital input pin, precisely recording the event time of LOW to HIGH or HIGH to LOW transitions. The event times
are synchronised to the recorded GPS data with a resolution of around 60nS.
As data is replayed with the LabSat, any digital event markers in the data are used to drive the digital output to re-create the original event signal.
The Interface modules available for LabSat allow recording and playback of GPS synchronous CAN Bus, RS-232, RS-422 or RS-485 data. All of the
interface modules connect directly to the SER socket on the LabSat.
Order Code
RLLSIM01
RLLSIM02
RLLSIM03
RLLSIM04
Description
CAN Bus Interface module
RS-232 Interface module
RS-422 / RS-485 Interface module
Dual CAN Bus Interface Module
Because the LabSat is recording the transitions in the signal data and not intelligently interpreting the data, it is not necessary to configure baud rates for any
of the modules.
During replay of data that has been recorded with one of the interface modules, the interface module will output the data as it was recorded.
Example Application 1;
Development of GPS+IMU integration. Using the RLLSIM02 to record RS-232 data from an IMU during GPS recording. When replaying the GPS
data, the LabSat Interface module will transmit the RS-232 IMU data exactly as it was recorded, in sync with the GPS data.
Example Application 2;
Development of Navigation software using GPS+CAN Bus. Using the RLLSIM01 to record CAN Bus data from a vehicle while recording GPS on
a test drive with the LabSat. When the GPS data is replayed, the RLLSIM01 outputs the CAN Data as it was recorded.
One important point to remember in replaying CAN bus data is that the LabSat is playing the CAN Data in the exact sequence and with the exact timing that it
was recorded. This means that if replaying CAN Data onto a CAN bus with other transmitting nodes, the LabSat will try to transmit data even if another node
is already sending a message causing corruption of data on the CAN bus. For this reason, we do not recommend that the LabSat is used to replay CAN
data onto a vehicle or any other CAN Bus in a safety critical application.
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Video Synchronisation
A unique feature of LabSat is the ability to synchronise RF data recording with video from the optional Racelogic Video VBOX GPS data logger. To record
video, the Racelogic Video VBOX is simply placed in the test vehicle at the same time as LabSat. The Video VBOX contains its own high performance GPS
engine for time stamping the video so that the RF data can be synchronised with the video when replayed on the bench. Not only is the video perfectly
synchronised, but GPS data can be graphically superimposed on the image during recording.
Synchronous replay is made possible because LabSat contains an internal GPS engine which is connected to its RF output channel. Therefore, during a
replay, this GPS engine tracks satellites contained in the original recording, with the time-stamp from this GPS engine sent over a separate serial connection
to a PC. The PC automatically synchronises the video with the UTC time embedded in the Video data. A range of Video VBOX products is available from
Racelogic, all of which will enable the recording of GPS time stamped video.
Order Code
RLVD10P2P
RLVD10P4P
RLVBVD10LT1
RLVBVD10LT2
Description
Video VBOX Pro 10Hz with 2 cameras
Video VBOX Pro 10Hz with 4 cameras
Video VBOX Lite – 1 camera option
Video VBOX Lite – 2 camera option
Recording video using a Racelogic Video VBOX
To use the video synchronization feature, put the Video VBOX and the LabSat into the test vehicle at the same time. The Video VBOX should be set to ‘Log
all of the time’ by pressing the front panel button after it has booted. Please refer to the Video VBOX manual, for full details on how to set up your Racelogic
Video VBOX. To record GPS data on the LabSat, please refer to the earlier section: Recording GPS Data with LabSat. The Video VBOX is now recording
the video, and the LabSat is recording the GPS data.
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A new video (AVI) and data (VBO)
file are created in a ‘media’ folder on
the SD card or USB device every
time the vehicle begins to move or
the ‘REC’ button is pressed.
The current files are closed when the
vehicle comes to a stop or the ‘REC’
button is pressed again. The
filename format is as follows:
VBOX####.VBO, and
VBOX####.AVI, where ####
represents an incrementing number.
Both files are required to play back
the recorded video, synchronised to
the Labsat GPS data.
Replaying synchronised video using a Racelogic Video VBOX
In order to replay the Video synchronised to the LabSat playback, Racelogic provides free video synchronisation files to demonstrate this feature. The Video
Sync application is included in the software supplied with the LabSat. No installation is required and it can easily be demonstrated using the files included in
the LabSat Hard Disk Drive (HDD). The files are included in the Video Synchronisation folder.
To start playing back video, synchronised with the LabSat RF playback, connect the PC’s USB port to the LabSat using the USB serial cable to the CAN port
on the LabSat.
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To replay a LabSat scenario, synchronised with video playback, you must first make sure that the VBOX####.VBO, and VBOX####.AVI are in the same
folder. The LabSat scenario file #####.bin can be located in any location
To run the Video VBOX synchronisation demonstration:
1. First start the LabSat software and ensure that the GPS monitor function is enabled and the Video Sync is ticked in the Settings menu. Note the
compatibility mode if playback difficulties are encountered with future recordings. Click the Replay button and select the LabSat scenario that was
recorded at the same time as the Video VBOX file. This file is located on the LabSat HDD in the Video Synchronisation folder called vidSync3.bin.
2. Click the dropdown menu Video Sync, and locate the Video VBOX file called VBOX0003.vbo (This ###.vbo file file must be located in the same folder
as the ###.avi file). Wait for the file to load.
3. Click the Play button and both the LabSat scenario file and the Video VBOX file will play together in synchronisation.
4. Cold start the device under test (DUT).
5. The files have a four minute stationary period to allow for DUT to acquire the RF signals and start navigating.
6. The Video will show the vehicle driving off and the speed display in the GPS Monitor will show the speed increasing.
7. You can click the video screen in the software to maximise to the computer screen size. Click escape to return to normal size display.
8. Both files can be stopped by clicking the Stop button.
Because the Video VBOX is also a GPS data-logger with CAN Bus connectivity, it is possible to record many other signals at the same time, and overlay
these on the video, producing a very powerful test environment. All overlaid graphics are user-customisable. The LabSat video synchronisation example
playing into a DUT is shown below.
VBOX Video replaying
in sync with the
LabSat scenario.
Video maximised on
the PC screen
Personal Navigation
Device under Test (DUT)
replaying the GNSS
scenario
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Troubleshooting Guide
USB Installation failure
 Due to the nature of USB communications, the installation of the USB drivers may occasionally fail at various stages.
Should this happen the procedure should be repeated three or four times if necessary, prior to requesting technical support.
Trouble Locking onto Satellites
If the GPS engine under test is having trouble locking onto satellites when replaying recorded data then please follow the checklist below for typical solutions:





During recording of LabSat data, ensure that the antenna is placed in a position where it has an unobstructed view of the sky. (See ‘GPS Antenna
Placement’ below)
Check the antenna connection with the LabSat; only small amounts of dirt in the socket can cause a significant reduction in signal strength.
Also check the cable at the plug and along its length for any damage.
Check that the power supply is connected and free from damage.
If possible try another known working antenna, to confirm antenna functionality.
Perform a GPS Cold start of the device under test after starting the replay of data. This is because a GPS receiver will normally download and store
almanac information to help it re-acquire satellite signals from power up. Therefore, when a recorded GPS test signal is replayed, it is possible that
any almanac data previously stored in the GPS engine will cause it to look for the wrong satellite signals.
No Communication with PC
 If the power LED on the front of the LabSat is not illuminated then there is no power to the unit; check that battery is fresh or, if using a cigar lighter,
check internal cigar lighter fuse.
 Check that the USB cable (A to B) is plugged into the ‘USB’ socket on the front panel of the LabSat.
 Try disconnecting then reconnecting the USB cable with the LabSat powered.
 Check that the USB cable is plugged into the COM port of the PC.
 Check that no other programs are using the same COM port.
 Disconnect the power to the LabSat then reconnect it.
COM Port Unavailable
 Another software package installed on your computer may have reserved the COM port. For example if VBOX Tools is open it may be using the COM
port, preventing the LabSat from using it.
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LabSat Specifications
Output Signal Level
Adjustable -85dBm to -115dBm
Output Signal frequency
1575.420 MHz
Sampling frequency
16.368MHz
Bandwidth
4.092Mhz
Quantisation
1 bit
USB transfer rate
2.046Mbytes per second
Active Antenna Voltage Supply
3.3v
Reference Oscillator
16.368MHz Temperature controlled +/-0.5 ppm
Long term stability +/-1.0ppm
Optional OCXO Oscillator
16.368MHz Oven Controlled +/-0.5 ppb
Operating voltage
8v to 30VDC
Size
170mm x 128mm x 38mm
Weight
750g
LabSat Software Development Kit (SDK)
All LabSat functionality available through the graphical user interface is also made available by way of an API for customers to integrate into their own
production testing or laboratory environment.
The LabSat API is provided as a managed C# assembly requiring the Microsoft .Net 4.0 Client Profile runtime. As well as being accessible from managed
.Net code, the API is made COM visible allowing a wide range of programming environments to access the full LabSat API functionality. Samples are
provided in C#, Windows Powershell, VBScript and C++. A full description, code samples and manual are included with your LabSat software in the folder
located at C:\Program Files\Racelogic\LabSat 2\SDK\.
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Connector Pinout Data
Front View of LabSat
2 pin LEMO socket
Revision 13
3 pin LEMO socket
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5 pin LEMO socket
Connector 1: POWER
PIN
In/Out
1
I
2
I
Type: LEMO 2 pin
Description
Power +
Ground
Connector 2: AD 1
PIN
In/Out
1
I
2
I
3
I
Type: LEMO 3 pin
Description
Analogue 1 Input
Digital 2 Input
Ground
Range
0V to 5V
0V to 5V
Connector 3: AD 2
PIN
In/Out
1
I
2
I
3
I
Type: LEMO 3 pin
Description
Analogue 2 Input
Digital 1 Input
Ground
Range
0V to 5V
0V to 5V
Connector 4: DIG Out
PIN
In/Out
1
I
2
O
Type: LEMO 3 pin
Description
Ground
Digital Out 1
3
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O
Digital Out 2
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Range
5.4V to 30V
0V
Range
0V to 5V (14v
tolerant)
0V to 5V (14v
tolerant)
Connector 5: CAN Bus
IN
In/Out
1
O
2
I
3
I/O
Type: LEMO 5 pin
Description
RS232 Tx (PORT B)
RS232 Rx (PORT B)
CAN Bus High (PORT A)
4
I/O
CAN Bus Low (PORT A)
5
O
+V Power
Connector 6: RS232 SER
PIN
In/Out
1
O
2
I
3
I
4
O
5
O
Type: LEMO 5 pin
Description
RS232 Tx (PORT A)
RS232 Rx (PORT A)
Digital Input 1
Digital Output 1
+V Power
Range
12v
12v
Reserved for future
use
Reserved for future
use
Same as Power +
Range
12v
12v
0V to 5V
0V to 5V
Same as Power +
Antenna connectors: RF OUT and Antenna
Connector: Antenna
PIN
In/Out
Centre
Chassis
Revision 13
-
Type: SMA
Description
RF Signal / Power for active
antenna
Ground
Page 33 of 35
Range
Module Dimensions
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Contact Details
Racelogic Ltd
Unit 10 Swan Business Centre
Osier Way
Buckingham
Buckinghamshire
MK18 1TB
United Kingdom
Email:
Web:
Support:
labsat@racelogic.co.uk
www.labsat.co.uk
support@racelogic.co.uk
Document Version Control
Revision
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Description
First Release. AM
LabSat PIN Configuration Corrected.
Section Removed
Additional details added
Addition of Digital In/Out 1 to SER connector. Added ‘operation’ section
Modification of layout
SatGen scenario generation software added
Video synchronisation capability added
LabSat Software V1.6 included
LabSat V2 software included
LabSat V2 software update including Video Sync
LabSat V2 software update including GNSS monitor
Power/USB connection order changed on pages 13 and 17.
Notes:
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Date
31/07/08
02/03/09
26/03/09
28/04/09
26/05/09
24/06/09
23/07/09
19/04/10
7/12/10
15/3/2011
20/4/2012
10/10/2012
03/02/2014
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