DeWalt | DXPW3835 | Instruction manual | DeWalt DXPW3835 Instruction manual

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Instruction Manual
Guide D'utilisation
Manual de instrucciones
DXPW3835
Pressure Washer
Laveuse à pression
Lavadora a presión
INSTRUCTIVO DE OPERACIÓN, CENTROS DE SERVICIO Y PÓLIZA DE
GARANTÍA. ADVERTENCIA: LÉASE ESTE INSTRUCTIVO ANTES DE
USAR EL PRODUCTO.
English
DXPW3835 Pressure Washer
A.Panel assembly
B.Nozzle holder
C.Professional Spray gun
D.Wheel
E.Quick-connect
spray wand
F.Frame
G.Engine dipstick/oil plug
H.Engine switch
I.Starter grip
FIG. 1
J.Engine
K. Throttle control lever
L. Choke control
M.Fuel valve lever
N.Gas cap
O.Handle assembly
P.High-pressure hose
Q.High-pressure pump
R.Top handle
P
j
a
B
C
R
N
O
q
F
Engine
Refer to the engine instruction manual for location and
operation of other engine controls.
Pump
For best results, pump oil designed specifically for
pressure washers is recommended, as these contain a
rust inhibitor and an anti-foaming agent. If this oil is not
available, an SAE 30W non-detergent oil may be used.
E
D
M
L
K
H
G
I
2
Specifications
WEIGHT
HEIGHT
WIDTH
Length
PSI**
GPM**
Engine
DXPW3835
125 lbs
(56.7 kg)
28"
(71.1 cm)
24"
(60.7 cm)
38"
(96.5 cm)
3800
(26,200 kPa)
3.5
(13.2 L/min)
HONDA GX270***
270 cc OHV
** PSI and GPM ratings determined in accordance with the Pressure Washers Manufacturers Association (PWMA)
standard PW101.
*** HONDA™ is a registered trademarks of the HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD used under license from AMERICAN HONDA MOTOR CO. INC.
Important Safety Instructions
Definitions: Safety Guidelines
DANGER: Carbon Monoxide. Using an engine indoors can kill
you in minutes. Engine exhaust contains high levels of carbon
monoxide (CO), a poisonous gas you cannot see or smell. You
may be breathing CO even if you do not smell engine exhaust.
WARNING: This product and its exhaust contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, and birth
defects and other reproductive harm.
• NEVER use an engine inside homes, garages, crawlspaces or
other partly enclosed areas. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can
build up in these areas. Using a fan or opening windows and doors
does NOT supply enough fresh air.
• ONLY use outdoors and far away from open windows, doors and
vents. These openings can pull in engine exhaust.
• Even when the engine is used correctly, CO may leak into your
home. ALWAYS use a battery-powered or battery backup CO
alarm in your house. Read and follow all directions for CO
alarm before using. If you feel sick, dizzy or weak at anytime,
move to fresh air immediately. See a doctor. You could have
carbon monoxide poisoning.
The definitions below describe the level of severity for each
signal word. Please read the manual and pay attention to these
symbols.
DANGER: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.
NOTICE: Indicates a practice not related to personal injury
which, if not avoided, may result in property damage.
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS
CONTACT US AT: www.dewaltpw.com or 1-877-FNA-GAS1
(1-877-362-4271)
3
English
MODEL
English
Service land and may also be legally required under other statutes and
or­di­nanc­es.
WARNING: This product and its exhaust contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, and birth
defects or other reproductive harm. In addition, some cleaning
products and dust contain chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
WARNING: Do not operate this unit until you read this instruction
manual and the engine instruction manual for safety, operation and
maintenance instructions.
Warning: When using this product basic precautions should
always be followed, including the following:
1. Read all instructions before using the product.
2. To reduce the risk of injury, close supervision is necessary when a
product is used near children.
3. Know how to stop the product and bleed pressures quickly. Be
thoroughly familiar with the controls.
4. Stay alert–watch what you are doing.
5. Do not operate the product when fatigued or under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
6. Keep operating area clear of all persons.
7. Do not overreach or stand on unstable support. Keep good
footing and balance at all times.
8. Follow the maintenance instructions specified in the manual.
Danger: Risk of Injection or Severe Injury. Keep
Clear of Nozzle. Do Not Direct Discharge Stream
at Persons. This Product Is To Be Used Only By
Trained Operators.
WARNING: This product may not be equipped with a sparkarresting muffler. If the product is not equipped and will be used
around flam­ma­ble ma­teri­als or on land covered with materials such
as agricultural crops, forest, brush, grass or other similar items,
then an ap­proved spark arrester must be installed and is legally
required in the state of California. It is a violation of California statutes
section 130050 and/or sec­tions 4442 and 4443 of the California
Public Re­sourc­es Code, unless the engine is equipped with a spark
arrester, as defined in section 4442, and maintained in ef­fec­tive
work­ing order. Spark arresters are also required on some U.S. For­est
Save these instructions
DANGER: Risk of explosion or fire
How to prevent it
What can happen
• Shut off en­gine and allow
• Spilled gas­o­line and it’s
it to cool before adding fuel
vapors can be­come ignited
to the tank.
from cigarette sparks,
electrical arcing, exhaust
• Use care in fill­ing tank to
gas­es and hot engine
avoid spill­ing fuel. Move
components such as
pressure wash­er away
the muffler.
from fueling area before
start­ing en­gine.
• Heat will ex­pand fuel in the • Keep maximum fuel level
tank which could result in
1/2" (12.7 mm) be­low
spillage and pos­si­ble fire
bottom of filler neck
explosion.
to allow for expansion.
4
• Materials placed against or
near the pressure washer
can in­ter­fere with its proper
ventilation fea­tures caus­ing
overheating and possible
ig­ni­tion of the materials.
• Muffler exhaust heat can
damage paint­ed sur­fac­es,
melt any material sen­si­tive
to heat (such as siding,
plas­tic, rub­ber, vinyl or the
pressure hose, itself), and
dam­age live plants.
• Do not spray flammable
• Use of acids, toxic or
liquids.
cor­ro­sive chemicals,
poisons, in­sec­ti­cides, or any
kind of flam­ma­ble solvent
with this product could
re­sult in se­ri­ous injury or
death.
• Operate and fuel equipment
in well-ven­ti­lat­ed areas free
from ob­struc­tions. Equip
areas with fire extinguisher
suit­able for gas­o­line fires.
• Never op­er­ate pressure
wash­er in an area containing
dry brush or weeds.
DANGER: RISK TO BREATHING (Asphyxiation)
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Breathing ex­haust fumes
• Operate pressure washer in
will cause se­ri­ous injury
a well-ventilated area. Avoid
or death! En­gine exhaust
en­closed areas such as
con­tains carbon mon­ox­ide,
ga­rag­es, base­ments, etc.
an odorless and deadly gas. • Never op­er­ate unit in or near
a lo­ca­tion occupied by
humans or animals.
• Always keep pressure
washer a min­i­mum of 4'
(1.2 m) away from sur­fac­es
(such as houses, au­to­mo­
biles or live plants) that could
be damaged from muffler
exhaust heat.
• Improperly stored fuel could • Store fuel in an OSHA
lead to acciden­tal ignition.
approved con­tain­er, in a
Fuel im­prop­er­ly secured
se­cure location away from
could get into the hands of
work area.
children or oth­er un­qual­i­fied
persons.
• Some clean­ing fluids
con­tain sub­stanc­es which
could cause injury to skin,
eyes or lungs.
5
• Use only clean­ing fluids
spe­cif­i­cal­ly rec­om­mend­ed
for high-pressure washers.
Fol­low manufacturers
recommendations. Do not
use chlorine bleach or any
other corrosive compound.
English
• Operating the pressure
washer in an ex­plo­sive
en­viron­ment could
re­sult in a fire.
English
DANGER: RISK of FLUID INJECTION and Laceration
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Your pressure washer
• Inspect the high-pressure
operates at fluid pressures
hose regularly. Replace
and velocities high enough
the hose immediately if it is
to penetrate human and
damaged, worn, has melted
animal flesh, which could
from contacting the engine,
result in amputation or
or shows any signs of
other serious injury. Leaks
cracks, bubbles, pinholes, or
caused by loose fittings or
other leakage. Never grasp a
worn or damaged hoses
high-pressure hose that
can result in injection
is leaking or damaged.
injuries. DO NOT TREAT
• Never touch, grasp or
FLUID INJECTION AS
attempt to cover a pinhole
A SIMPLE CUT! See a
or similar water leak on the
physician immediately!
high-pressure hose. The
stream of water IS under
high pressure and WILL
penetrate skin.
• Never place hands in front
of noz­zle.
• Direct spray away from self
and others.
• Make sure hose and fit­tings
are tight­ened and in good
condition. Never hold onto
the hose or fittings during
op­er­a­tion.
• Injuries can result if system
pressure is not reduced
before attempting
maintenance or
disassembly.
6
• Do not allow hose to contact
muf­fler.
• Never attach or remove
wand or hose fittings while
sys­tem is pres­sur­ized.
• When using replacement
lances or guns with this
pressure washer, do not
use a lance and/or lance/
gun combination that
is shorter in length than
what was provided with
this pressure washer as
measured from the nozzle
end of the lance to the gun
trigger.
• To relieve sys­tem pres­sure,
shut off engine, turn off
water sup­ply and pull gun
trigger until water stops
flowing.
• Use only accessories rated
equal to or higher than
the rating of the pressure
washer.
7
English
Danger: RISK of unsafe operation
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Unsafe op­er­a­tion of your
• Do not use chlorine
pressure wash­er could lead
bleach or any other
to se­ri­ous in­ju­ry or death to
corrosive compound.
you or others.
• Be­come fa­mil­iar with the
op­er­a­tion and con­trols of
the pressure washer.
• Keep operating area clear
of all persons, pets and
obstacles.
• Do not operate the product
when fatigued or under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
Stay alert at all times.
• Never defeat the safety
fea­tures of this prod­uct.
• Do not op­er­ate machine
with missing, broken or
un­au­tho­rized parts.
• Never leave wand
unattended while unit
is running.
DANGER: RISK OF INJURY FROM SPRAY
What can happen
How to prevent it
• High-velocity fluid spray
• Always wear ANSI-approved
can cause objects to break,
Z87.1 safety glasses. Wear
propelling particles at high
protective clothing to protect
speed.
against accidental spraying.
• Never point wand at or
spray people or animals.
• Light or unsecured objects • Always secure trigger lock
can become hazardous
when wand is not in service
projectiles.
to prevent accidental
operation.
• Never permanently secure
trigger in pull-back (open)
position.
English
• If proper starting procedure
is not followed, engine can
kickback causing serious
hand and arm injury.
• The spray gun/wand is
a powerful clean­ing tool
that could look like a toy
to a child.
• Reactive force of spray
will cause gun/wand to
kickback, and could cause
the op­er­a­tor to slip or fall
or misdirect the spray.
Im­prop­er control of gun/
wand can re­sult in
in­ju­ries to self and
others.
• If engine does not start after
two pulls, squeeze trigger
of gun to relieve pump
pressure. Pull starter cord
slowly until resistance is felt.
Then pull cord rapidly to
avoid kickback and prevent
hand or arm injury.
• Keep chil­dren away from the
pressure washer at all times.
DANGER: Risk of Injury or Prop­er­ty Damage
When Transporting or storing
What can happen
How to prevent it
• If pressure washer is
• Fuel or oil can leak or spill
equipped with a fuel shutand could result in fire or
off valve, turn the valve to
breathing hazard. Se­ri­ous
the off position before
in­ju­ry or death can re­sult.
transporting to avoid fuel
Fuel or oil leaks will dam­age
leaks. If pres­sure wash­er is
carpet, paint or oth­er
not equipped with a fuel shutsurfaces in ve­hi­cles
off valve, drain the fuel from
or trailers.
tank before trans­port­ing. Only
• Oil could fill the cylinder and
trans­port fuel in an OSHAdamage the engine if the unit
approved container.
is not stored or transported
Al­ways place pressure
in an upright position.
washer on a protective mat
when transporting to protect
against dam­age to vehicle
from leaks.
Always transport and store
unit in an upright position.
Re­move pres­sure washer
from vehicle immediately
upon arrival at your
destination.
• Do not over­reach or stand
on an unstable support.
• Do not use pressure washer
while standing on a ladder.
• Grip gun/wand firmly with
both hands. Expect the
gun to kickback when
triggered.
8
WARNING: RISK of Bursting
What can happen
• Over inflation of tires could
result in serious injury and
property damage.
How to prevent it
• Use a tire pressure gauge
to check the tires pressure
before each use and while
inflating tires; see the tire
sidewall for the correct tire
pressure.
NOTE: Air tanks,
compressors and similar
equipment used to inflate
tires can fill small tires similar
to these very rapidly. Adjust
pressure regulator on air
supply to no more than the
rating of the tire pressure.
Add air in small increments
and frequently use the
tire gauge to prevent over
inflation.
WARNING: RISK OF Hot surfaces
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Con­tact with hot sur­fac­es,
• During op­er­a­tion, touch
such as engines exhaust
only the control surfaces
com­po­nents, could result in
of the pres­sure washer.
se­ri­ous burn.
Keep children away from
the pres­sure washer at all
times. They may not be able
to recognize the haz­ards of
this product.
9
English
• High-velocity fluid spray
• On pressure washers rated
directed at pneumatic tire
above 1600 psi (11032 kPa)
sidewalls (such as found
use the widest fan spray
on automobiles, trailers and
(40º nozzle) and keep the
spray a minimum of 8"
the like) could damage the
(20 cm) from the pneumatic
sidewall resulting in serious
tire sidewall. Do not aim
injury.
spray directly at the joint
between the tire and rim.
English
WARNING: RISK of chemical burn
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Use of acids, toxic or
• Do not spray ac­ids, gasoline,
corrosive chemicals,
ker­o­sene, or any other
poisons, in­sec­ti­cides, or any
flammable materials with this
kind of flam­ma­ble solvent
product. Use only household
with this product could re­sult
de­ter­gents, cleaners and
in se­ri­ous injury or death.
degreasers recommended
for use with pres­sure
washers.
• Wear pro­tec­tive clothing
to protect eyes and skin
from con­tact with sprayed
materials.
WARNING: RISK OF INJURY FROM LIFTING
What can happen
• Serious injury can result
from attempting to lift too
heavy an object.
How to prevent it
• The pressure washer is too
heavy to be lifted by one
person. Obtain assistance
from others before lifting.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
FOR FUTURE USE
INSTALLATION
Pressure Washer Assembly (Fig. 1)
1.Slide the handle assembly (O) onto the frame (F).
Caution: Risk of personal injury. Avoid placing
hands between handle and frame when assembling
to prevent pinching.
2.Align holes in the top handle (R) with the
mounting holes in the handle assembly (O).
3.Insert saddle bolts (DD) through aligned holes
and secure top handle to handle assembly with
knobs (EE). Tighten until snug.
WARNING: RISK OF elec­tri­cal Shock
What can happen
How to prevent it
• Spray di­rect­ed at elec­tri­
• Unplug any elec­tri­cal­ly
cal outlets or switch­es, or
op­er­at­ed product before
ob­jects con­nect­ed to an
attempting to clean it. Direct
elec­tri­cal circuit, could re­sult
spray away from electric
in a fatal electrical shock.
out­lets and switches.
10
O
F
O
R
OPERATION
Pressure Adjustments
4.Attach high-pressure hose (P) to spray gun. Make sure it is secure.
5.Connect wand (E) to spray gun. Make sure connection is secure.
The pressure setting is preset at the factory to achieve op­ti­mum pres­
sure and cleaning. To lower the pres­sure, follow these instructions.
1.Back away from the sur­face to be cleaned. The further away you
are, the less the pressure will be on the surface to be cleaned.
2.Change to the 40˚ nozzle (white). This nozzle delivers a less
powerful stream of water and a wider spray pattern. Refer to
Spray Wand Nozzles.
NOTICE: DO NOT attempt to increase pump pressure. A higher
pressure setting than the factory set pressure may damage pump.
3.Reduce the speed of the gasoline engine (RPM). Slow the engine
down and the water pressure will go down with it.
p
e
6.Place the nozzle holder (B) onto the panel assembly (A) and push
each nozzle holder into place.
7.Remove the five
colored
quickB
connect nozzles from
the plastic bag and
insert them into A
correct grommet on
the nozzle holder. Nozzles are color coded to match colored nozzles
on panel assembly.
NOTE: The high-pressure pump was filled with oil at the factory.
Always check oil level before using (refer to Maintenance for more
information).
Spray Wand Nozzles (Fig. 1)
The nozzles for the spray wand are stored in the nozzle holder (B) on the
panel assembly (A). Colors on the panel identify nozzle location and spray
pattern. Refer to the following chart to choose the correct nozzle for
the job to be performed.
11
English
DD
EE
Warning: Risk of bursting. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the
tires pressure before each use and while inflating tires; see the tire sidewall
for the correct tire pressure.
NOTE: Air tanks, compressors and similar equipment used to inflate
tires can fill small tires similar to these very rapidly. Adjust pressure
regulator on air supply to no more than the rating of the tire pressure.
Add air in small increments and frequently use the tire gauge to
prevent over inflation.
English
Nozzle Color
Spray Pattern
Uses
Surfaces*
0˚
powerful
pinpoint for very
intense cleaning
metal or
concrete;
DO NOT use on
wood
15˚
intense cleaning
of small areas
metal, concrete
or wood
25˚
intense cleaning
of larger areas
metal, concrete
or wood
40˚
covers wide
areas of
cleaning
metal, concrete,
wood or vinyl
Red
Yellow
Green
White
low pressure
applies cleaning
solutions
Changing Nozzles on Spray Wand
Danger: Risk of fluid injection. Do not direct discharge stream
toward persons, unprotected skin, eyes or any pets or animals.
Serious injury will occur.
warning: Flying objects could cause risk of serious injury. Do
Not attempt to change nozzles while pressure washer is running. Turn
engine off before changing nozzles.
1.Pull quick-connect coupler back and insert
nozzle.
2.Release quick-connect coupler and twist
nozzle to make sure it is secure in coupler.
Warning: Flying object could cause risk
of serious injury. Ensure nozzle is completely
inserted in quick-connect socket and quickconnect snap ring is fully engaged (forward)
before squeezing gun trigger.
Chemicals and Cleaning Solvents
Applying chemicals or cleaning solvents is a low-pressure operation.
NOTE: Use only soaps and chemicals designed for pressure washer
use. Do not use bleach.
metal, concrete,
wood or vinyl
To apply chemicals and solvents
1.Press chemical hose (S) onto barbed fitting
located near high pressure hose connection
of pump as shown.
2.Place the other end of chemical hose with
filter on it into the container holding chemical/
cleaning solution.
NOTE: For every 10 gallons (38 liters) of water
pumped 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of chemical/
cleaning solution will be used.
Black
* NOTICE: The high-pressure spray from your pressure washer
is capable of causing damage to surfaces such as wood, glass,
automobile paint, auto striping and trim, delicate objects such
as flowers and shrubs. Before spraying, check the item to
be cleaned to assure yourself that it is strong enough to resist
damage from the force of spray.
12
S
• Never run engine in­doors or in en­closed, poorly ven­ti­lat­ed areas.
En­gine exhaust con­tains carbon mon­ox­ide, an odorless and
deadly gas.
• DO NOT let hoses come in contact with very hot engine muffler during or immediately after use of your pressure washer.
Damage to hoses from contact with hot engine surfaces will
NOT be covered by warranty.
NOTICE: Never pull water supply hose to move pres­sure washer. This
could damage hose and/or pump inlet.
• DO NOT use hot water, use cold water only.
• Never turn water supply off while pressure washer engine is
running or damage to pump will result.
• DO NOT stop spraying water for more than
two minutes at a time. Pump operates in
bypass mode when spray gun trigger is not
pressed. When the temperature inside the pump
rises too high the thermal relief valve (T) will open
T
and release a gush of water in an effort to lower
the temperature inside the pump. The thermal
relief valve will then close. If pump is left in bypass mode for
more than two minutes internal components of the pump can
be damaged.
Starting
Warning: To reduce the risk of injury, read the pressure washer
instruction manual and the engine instruction manual before starting
pressure washer.
DANGER: Risk of fluid injection and laceration. When using the
high-pressure setting, DO NOT allow the high-pressure spray to come
in contact with unprotected skin, eyes, or with any pets or animals.
Serious injury will occur.
• Your washer operates at fluid pressures and velocities high
enough to penetrate human and animal flesh, which could result
in amputation or other serious injury. Leaks caused by loose fittings or worn or damaged hoses can result in injection injuries.
DO NOT TREAT FLUID INJECTION AS A SIMPLE CUT! See a
physician immediately!
WARNING: Risk of fire, asphyxiation and burning. Never fill fuel
tank when engine is running or hot. Do not smoke when filling fuel
tank.
• Never fill fuel tank completely. Fill tank to 1/2" (12.7 mm) below
bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel expansion. Wipe
any fuel spillage from engine and equipment before starting
engine.
Start-up Procedure
1.In a well-ventilated outdoor area, add fresh, high-quality, unleaded
gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher. Do not overfill.
Wipe up spilled fuel before starting the engine. Refer to engine
instruction manual for correct procedure.
2.Check engine oil level. Refer to the engine instruction manual for
correct procedure.
13
English
3.Install low-pressure (black) nozzle into quick connect fitting of spray
wand, refer to Spray Wand Nozzles. NOTE: Chemicals and soaps
will not siphon if the black soap nozzle is not installed on the spray
wand.
4.After use of chemicals, place chemical hose into container of clean
water and draw clean water through chemical injection system to
rinse system thoroughly. If chemicals remain in the pump it could
be damaged. Pumps damaged due to chemicals will not be
covered under warranty.
English
Warning: Risk of unsafe operation. Pull starter grip slowly
until resistance is felt. Then pull starter grip (I) rapidly to avoid
kickback and prevent hand or arm injury.
Note: Do not allow the starter grip to snap back. Return it gently by
hand.
Warning: Risk of unsafe operation. If engine does not start after
two pulls, squeeze trigger of gun to relieve pump pressure. Pull starter
cord slowly until resistance is felt. Then pull cord rapidly to avoid
kickback and prevent hand or arm injury.
Note: If the oil level in the engine is low, the engine will not start. If
the engine does not start, check the oil level and add oil as needed.
14.As the engine warms up, move the choke to
the open position.
15.Depress trigger on gun to start water flow.
Warning: Risk of unsafe operation. Stand
on a stable surface and grip gun/wand firmly with
both hands. Expect the gun to kickback when
triggered.
16.Release trigger to stop water flow.
DANGER: Risk of injury from spray. Engage the
X
trigger lock (X) when gun is not in use to prevent
accidental spraying.
17.Adjust spray for the task being performed by
changing quick connect nozzle. Refer to Spray
Wand Nozzles.
3.Connect the water hose to the water source. Turn the water source
on to remove all air from the hose. When a steady stream of water is
present, turn the water source off.
4.Verify the filter screen (U) is in water inlet of pump.
The cone side faces out.
5.Connect the cold water source (V) to pump inlet.
NOTE: Water source must provide a minimum of 5
gallons per minute at 20 psi (138 kPa).
Warning: To reduce the possibility of
U
contamination always protect against backflow when
connected to a potable water system.
6.Connect high-pressure hose (P) to pump outlet.
7.If applying a chemical or cleaning solution, P
refer to Chemicals and Cleaning Solvents.
8.Turn the water source on.
NOTICE: Risk of property damage. Failure to do
so could cause damage to the pump.
V
9.Remove all air from the pump and high pressure
hose by depressing trigger until a steady stream
of water is present.
10.Turn the engine ON/OFF switch (H) to the ON position.
11.Place the fuel valve lever (M) in the ON postion.
12.If the engine is cold, move the choke (K) to the CLOSED position
as shown.
M
13.
Shutting Down
K
1.If chemicals were applied, place the chemical hose into a container
of clean water and draw clean water through chemical injection
system to rinse system thoroughly.
H
14
Engine
Consult the engine instruction manual for the man­u­fac­tur­er's
recommendations for any and all maintenance.
NOTE: The pressure washer frame is equipped with an oil drain
hole to help make changing the engine oil easier.
Pump
NOTE: The pump was filled with oil at the factory. Change pump oil
after the first 50 hours of operation and every 300 hours thereafter, or
every 3 months. If using a 30W non-detergent oil, change oil every
150 hours thereafter.
To Check Oil
The oil level should come to the dot in
the middle of the sight glass (AA).
MAINTENANCE
WARNING: Risk of burning. When performing maintenance, you
may be exposed to hot surfaces, water pressure or moving parts that
can cause serious injury or death.
WARNING: Risk of fire. Always disconnect, spark plug wire, let
the engine cool and release all water pressure before performing any
maintenance or repair. The engine contains flammable fuel. Do not
smoke or work near open flames while performing maintenance.
To ensure efficient operation and longer life of your pressure washer,
a routine maintenance schedule should be prepared and followed.
If the pressure washer is used in unusual conditions, such as high
temperatures or dusty conditions, more fre­quent maintenance checks
will be required.
BB
AA
How To Change Pump Oil
1.Loosen pump oil fill plug (BB).
2.Place a container under the oil
drain plug (CC).
CC
3.Remove pump oil drain plug.
4.After oil is drained, replace oil
drain plug. Tighten securely.
5. Remove pump oil plug and fill with pump oil. An oil designed
specifically for pressure washers is recommended as these contain
a rust inhibitor and an anit-foaming agent. If this oil is not available,
an SAE 30W non-detergent oil may be used.
6. Replace pump oil plug and tighten securely.
15
English
NOTICE: Risk of property damage Failure to do so could cause
damage to the pump.
2.Place the engine ON/OFF switch (H) to the OFF Position.
3.Place the fuel valve lever (M) in the OFF
position.
NOTICE: Risk of property damage. Never turn
water supply off while pressure washer engine is
running or damage to pump will result.
4.Turn water source off.
5.Pull trigger on spray gun to relieve any water
pressure in hose or spray gun.
6.Refer to Storage for proper storage procedures.
English
Nozzle Cleaning
3.Reinsert filter into water inlet of pump. Cone side faces out.
NOTE: Do not operate pressure washer without filter properly
installed.
If the nozzle becomes clogged with foreign materials, such as dirt,
excessive pressure may develop. If the nozzle becomes partially
clogged or restricted, the pump pressure will pulsate. Clean the
nozzle immediately using the nozzle kit supplied and the following
instructions:
1.Shut off the pressure washer and turn off the water supply.
2.Pull trigger on gun handle to relieve any water pressure.
3.Disconnect the spray wand from the gun.
Y
4.Remove the high-pressure nozzle from the
spray wand. Remove any obstructions with
the nozzle cleaning tool (Y) provided and
back flush with clean water.
5.Direct water supply into spray wand to
back flush loosened particles for 30
seconds.
6.Reassemble the nozzle to the wand.
7.Reconnect spray wand to gun then turn on water supply.
8.Start pressure washer and place spray wand into high pressure
setting to test.
sTORAGE
Engine
Consult the engine instruction manual for the man­u­fac­tur­er's
recommendations for storage.
Pump
The manufacturer recommends using a pump protector/
winterizer when storing the unit for more than 30 days and/or
when freezing temperatures are expected. If a pump protector/
winterizer is not available, RV antifreeze can be used as outlined in the
following steps.
NOTE: Using a pump protector/ winterizer or RV antifreeze helps
to provide proper lubrication to the internal seals of the pump
regardless of temperature or environment.
1. Obtain a funnel, 6 oz. (170 mL)
of RV antifreeze and 16–36" (40–
91cm) of garden hose with a male
hose connector attached to one
end.
NOTICE: Risk of property damage.
Use only RV antifreeze. Any other an­ti­
freeze is corrosive and can damage
pump.
2.Disconnect spark plug wire.
3. Connect length of garden hose
to water inlet of pump.
4.Add RV antifreeze to hose as shown.
To Clean the Water Inlet Filter
This filter screen (U) should be checked periodically and cleaned if
necessary.
1.Remove the filter screen (U) by grasping the
end and removing it from water inlet of pump.
2.Clean filter by flushing it with water on both
sides.
U
16
danger: Risk of fluid injection. When using replacement lances
or guns with this pressure washer, do not use a lance and/or lance/
gun combination that is shorter in length than what was provided with
this pressure washer as measured from the nozzle end of the lance to
the gun trigger.
WARNING: The use of any other accessory not recommended
for use with this tool could be hazardous. Use only accessories rated
equal to or higher than the rating of the pressure washer.
Pressure Washer
1. Drain all water from high-pressure hose, coil it and store it in
cradle of the pressure washer handle.
2.With nozzle pointed down and the spray gun and wand in a
vertical position, squeeze trigger to drain all water from spray gun
and wand. Store in gun holder.
3.Store chemical hose so it is protected from dam­age.
Caution: Risk of personal injury. Avoid placing hands between
handle and frame when assembling to prevent pinching.
NOTICE: Risk of property damage. Always store and transport unit
in an upright position.
Service Information
Please have the following information available for all service calls:
Model Number ____________ Serial Number ___________
Date and Place of Purchase ___________________________________
Repairs
To assure product SAFETY and RELIABILITY, repairs, maintenance
and adjustment should be performed by a FNA factory service center,
a FNA authorized service center or other qualified service personnel.
Always use identical replacement parts.
Accessories
Recommended accessories for use with your tool are available for
purchase from your local dealer or authorized service center. If you
need assistance in locating any accessory for your tool, please contact
the FNA Group at www.dewaltpw.com, 1825 Greenleaf Avenue, Elk
Grove Village, Il 60007, or call (877) FNA-GAS1.
17
English
5. Pull engine starter rope slowly several times until an­ti­freeze
comes out of high-pressure hose con­nec­tion of pump.
6. Remove garden hose from water inlet of pump.
7. Reconnect spark plug wire.
English
Limited Warranty
This warranty does not cover the following: machines used for
rental purposes, damage resulting from shipping (claims must be
filed with freighter), accident, abuse, act of God, misuse, or neglect.
Neither is damage from repairs or alterations performed by nonfactory authorized personnel or failure to install and operate equipment
according to the guidelines put forth in the instruction manual.
The manufacturer will not be liable to any persons for consequential
damage, for personal injury, or for commercial loss.
The manufacturer of this product agrees to repair or replace designated
parts that prove defective within the warranty period listed below at the
manufacturer’s sole discretion. Specific limitations/extensions and
exclusions apply.
This warranty covers defects in material and workmanship and not
parts failure due to normal wear, depreciation, abuse, accidental
damage, negligence, improper use, maintenance, or storage. To make
a claim under the terms of the warranty, all parts said to be defective
must be retained and available for return upon request to a designated
Warranty Service Center for warranty inspection. The judgments and
decisions of the manufacturer concerning the validity of warranty
claims are final.
These warranties pass through to the end user and are nontransferable. As a factory authorized and trained Warranty Service
Center, the factory will honor the terms of all component warranties
and satisfy claims of the appropriate warranty provisions.
Normal wear items include, but are not limited to, valves and seals,
which are not covered by this warranty.
This warranty replaces all other warranties, express or implied,
including without limitation any warranties of merchantability or fitness
for a particular purpose and all such warranties are hereby disclaimed
and excluded by the manufacturer. The manufacturer’s warranty
obligation is limited to repair and replacement of defective products as
provided herein and the manufacturer shall not be liable for any further
loss, damages, or expenses – including damages from shipping,
accident, abuse, acts of God, misuse, or neglect. Neither is damage
from repairs using parts not purchased from the manufacturer or
alterations performed by non-factory authorized personnel. Failure to
install and operate equipment according to the guidelines put forth in
the instruction manual shall void warranty.
Engine
Covered by engine manufacturer warranty. See engine manual.
High Pressure Pump (defects in material and
workmanship)
Two (2) years from date of purchase.
Warranty does not apply to failures due to:
• Freight damage
• Freeze damage
• Damage caused by parts or accessories not obtained from an
authorized dealer or not approved by the manufacturer.
• Normal wear of moving parts or components affected by moving
parts.
Frame (defects in material and workmanship)
One (1) year from date of purchase.
Accessories (defects in material and
workmanship)
Includes nozzles, hoses, spray guns, wands
Ninety (90) days from date of purchase.
18
Glossary
19
English
Bypass mode: Allows water to re-circulate within pump when the gun trigger is not pulled.
Chemical hose: Feeds cleaning agents into the pump to mix with the water. Refer to Chemicals and Cleaning Solvents.
Chemical injection system: Mixes cleaners or cleaning solvents with water to improve cleaning effectiveness.
Choke control: Opens and closes carburetor choke valve.
CU: Cleaning Units. GPM multiplied by psi. (GPM x PSI = CU)
Fuel valve lever: Opens/closes connection between fuel tank and carburetor.
GPM: Gallons Per Minute. The unit of measure for the flow rate of water.
PSI: Pounds per Square Inch. The unit of measure for water pressure. Also used for air pressure, hydraulic pressure, etc.
kPa (kilopascal): Metric pressure measurement. 1 kilopascal equal 1000 pascals.
Quick-connect spray wand: Allows the user to quickly change out high-pressure nozzles. Refer to Spray Wand Nozzles.
Thermal relief valve: When the temperature inside the pump rises too high the valve will open and release a gush of water in an effort to lower
the temperature inside the pump. The valve will then close.
Water supply: All pressure washers must have a source of water. The minimum requirements for a water supply are 20 psi (138 kPa) and 5
gallons per minute.
English
Troubleshooting Guide
This section provides a list of the more frequently encountered malfunctions, their causes and corrective actions. The
operator or maintenance personnel can perform some corrective actions, and others may require the assistance of a qualified FNA technician
or your dealer.
ProblemCode
Engine will not start . .......................................................................................................1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 36
(refer to the engine's instruction manual for further engine troubleshooting)
No or low pressure (initial use).........................................................................................9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
Will not draw chemicals...................................................................................................16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
No or low pressure (after period of normal use)...............................................................22, 23, 24
Water leaking at gun/spray wand connection..................................................................25, 26
Water leaking at pump.....................................................................................................25, 26, 27, 28
Oil leaking at pump..........................................................................................................29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35
Pump Pulsates.................................................................................................................12
Troubleshooting Codes
Code
1
2
3
4
possible cause
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
No fuel.
Add fuel.
Low oil.
Add required amount of oil.
Pressure builds up after two pulls on the recoil starter or after Squeeze gun trigger to relieve pres­sure.
initial use.
Choke lever in the No Choke position.
Move choke to the Choke po­si­tion.
5
Spark plug wire not attached.
Attach spark plug wire.
6
Engine ON/OFF switch in OFF po­si­tion.
Place engine ON/OFF switch in on position.
7
Choke lever in the Choke position on a hot engine or an
engine that has been exposed to thermal heat for a long
period of time.
Move choke to the No Choke po­si­tion.
20
(Troubleshooting Codes cont.)
possible cause
Fuel valve closed.
Spray wand not in high pressure.
Low water supply.
Leak at high-pressure hose fitting.
Nozzle obstructed.
Water filter screen clogged.
Air in hose.
15
16
Choke lever in the Choke position.
High-pressure hose is too long.
17
Spray wand not in low pressure.
18
19
Chemical filter clogged.
Chemical screen not in cleaning solution.
20
Chemical too thick.
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
Worn seal or packing.
Chemical build up in chemical injector.
Worn or obstructed valves.
Worn unloader piston.
Worn or broken o-ring.
Loose hose connection.
Piston packings worn.
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Move the fuel valve lever to the Open position.
See Spray Wand Nozzles under Operation.
Water supply must be at least 5 GPM @ 20 psi (138 kPa).
Repair leak. Apply sealant tape if necessary.
See Nozzle Cleaning under Maintenance.
Remove and clean filter.
Turn off the engine, then the water source. Disconnect the
water source from the pump inlet and turn the water source
on to remove all air from the hose. When there is a steady
stream of water present, turn water source off. Recon­nect
water source to pump inlet and turn on wa­ter source.
Squeeze trigger to re­move re­main­ing air.
Move choke to the No Choke po­si­tion.
Use high-pressure hose under 100 feet (30.48 m). Lengthen
water supply hose instead of high-pressure hose.
See Spray Wand Nozzles under Operation.
Clean filter.
Make sure end of chemical hose is fully submerged into
cleaning solution.
Dilute chemical. Chemical should be the same consistency as
water.
Have parts cleaned or replaced by authorized service center.
Have replaced by an authorized service center.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
Check and replace.
Tighten.
Have replaced by authorized service center.
21
English
Code
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
(Troubleshooting Codes cont.)
English
Code
28
possible cause
Pump head or tubes damaged from freezing.
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Have replaced by authorized service center.
29
30
Oil seals worn.
Loose drain plug.
Have replaced by authorized service center
Tighten.
31
32
Worn drain plug o-ring
Worn fill plug o-ring.
Check and replace.
Check and replace.
33
Pump overfilled.
Check for correct amount.
34
35
Incorrect oil used.
Vent plug is clogged.
36
Air filter filled with oil.
Drain and fill with correct amount and type of oil.
Clean vent plug; blow air through it to remove any blockage. If
prob­lem per­sists, replace plug.
Clean air filter element. Refer to engine instruction manual for
correct procedure.
22
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