ZyXEL Communications P8701T User`s guide

BASIC INSTRUCTIONS TO
CONFIGURE ZYXEL P8701T CPE
USING THE WEB INTERFACE
Version 1.0
12/11/2012
Index
1
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1-1
2
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS ................................................................................... 2-1
3
CPE BASIC OPERATIONS .............................................................................................. 3-1
4
3.1
PASSWORD MODIFICATION .................................................................................... 3-1
3.2
CONFIGURING THE ROUTER .................................................................................. 3-2
3.2.1
MULTIUSER SETTINGS ............................................................................. 3-2
3.2.2
MONOUSER SETTINGS .......................................................................... 3-10
3.3
PORT FORWARDING .............................................................................................. 3-16
3.4
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS LAN .................................................................... 3-17
3.5
OTHERS OPERATIONS........................................................................................... 3-21
USB INTERFACE…………………………………….……………………………………….4-1
4.1
3G BACKUP ............................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2
FILE SHARING ........................................................................................................... 4-1
4.3
PRINTER SERVER .................................................................................................... 4-2
Version 1.0
BASIC INSTRUCTIONS TO CONFIGURE ZYXEL P8701T
CPE USING THE WEB INTERFACE
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1
INTRODUCTION
This document provides some indications about how to configure the VDSL2 ZyXEL
P8701T, supplied as Telefonica Home Station VDSL2, using the web configurator built-in
this device.
To configure the broadband service provided by Telefonica, it is recommended to follow the
instructions covered in the User’s Guide included in the package. This document is a
complementary element to that user’s guide explaining how to configure the router using the
VDSL2 router web configurator instead of the configuration wizard included in the router
package valid for the Windows OS. It is recommended to use with higher preference this
configuration wizard.
NOTE: Before starting to use the configuration tools provided
directly by the CPE vendor, the ones which Movistar mentions
just for reference purposes, we must remind you that Movistar
doesn’t provide any kind of technical support for them.
This configuration process is based in the access to the router using the PC network
adaptor, which will allow using it independently of the operating system. Refer to the help
information in your operating system to see how to have a network adaptor properly
installed.
This document is oriented to advanced users with enough knowledge about networks,
routers, operating systems, etc…
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FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
The VDSL2 router supplied within the Home Station VDSL2 package is pre-configured by
factory default settings in a dynamic multiuser mode, with the DHCP server enabled (this is,
it will assign and IP address to those PCs in the internal network configured to obtain the IP
settings dynamically) and the wireless LAN interface disabled. To gain the access to the
router, it is necessary to have a network adapter installed on the PC, configured to receive an
IP address automatically from the DHCP server and with a web explorer configured
accordingly with the dynamic multiuser settings.
NOTE: The router must be switched on and properly connected to the PC.
If you are using a Windows operating system, you can refer to the Ethernet Card and TCP/IP
protocol installation guide document and the annex 1 of the Installation Guide for more
detailed information. If you are using a Linux or MAC operating system, please refer to the
help information in your OS.
In case these initial settings could not be useful for your particular case or you find some
problems in the broad band service start-up process, you can update or review the
configuration using the router web GUI. As the VDSL2 router will be initiated with the
LAN IP address 192.168.1.1 and network mask 255.255.255.0, you can check your
connectivity with the router (i.e., using a ping command). Once the IP connectivity was
successfully checked, you just need to access the http://192.168.1.1/main.html address from
your web explorer.
NOTE: The screenshots in this document may change in function of the web
explorer and the operating system used.
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FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
Figure 2-1: Router access
The factory default values for the CPE Username and Password parameters are 1234 and
1234 respectively. Telefónica highly recommends to modify the default access password
to the router. Refer to section 3.1 - PASSWORD MODIFICATION.
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Figure 2-2: Web GUI main page
In next section you will find how to make some basic operations using the web configurator
embedded in this ADSL router. It will be necessary to use the options Advanced Setup,
Wireless and Management that appear on the left side of the menu to complete operations
such as:
•
PASSWORD MODIFICATION
•
CONFIGURING THE ROUTER
•
PORT FORWARDING
•
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS LAN
It is not recommended to make any other different operation from these ones defined above
using the web configuration.
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BASIC OPERATIONS ON THE ROUTER
3.1
PASSWORD MODIFICATION
This is the first operation recommended to be made. Select:
Management -> Access Control -> Passwords and you will see next screen:
Figure 3-1: Password modification menu
Fill in the fields accordingly and keep in mind the key is sensitive to capital and non-capital
letters:
•
User Name : The username of the access account (1234)
•
Old Password: The current password
•
New Password: The new password
•
Confirm Password: Retype the new password
Once filled these boxes, press Apply/Save button. If the operation is completed successfully,
the web explorer will be disconnected and it will be necessary to introduce the new password
to gain the access back to the router. In case you forget this new password, please refer to the
User’s Guide about how to restore factory default settings in your router.
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3.2
CONFIGURING THE ROUTER
If you are going to connect only one PC to your router, a monouser configuration would be
enough. In that case, it is recommended to install a firewall and an antivirus software
updated and enabled in your PC due to it will be directly connected to the internet. On the
other side, if you expected to connect different devices to your router, you must select the
multiuser configuration. It is recommended to use a multiuser configuration even though
when you´re going to connect only one PC to the internet, due to the fact that it provides
higher security and makes it possible to enjoy all the advanced features supported by the
router.
Additionally to the monouser or multiuser configuration, you must also configure the IP
address assignment mode for the VDSL2 router. There are two possibilities about this IP
address assignment configuration for a broad band line.
•
Static address assignment: a fixed IP address is assigned to the router for all
connections.
•
Dynamic address assignment: the IP address assigned is not always the same, the values
provided are the PPPoE session username and password to be used to get the
connection.
This information appears in the welcome note received by the user at home. They can also be
obtained dialing to the phone number 900502010 from the phone line where the broad band
line is installed .
NOTE: In all next explanations it is considered that the starting point is the
factory default settings. If it were necessary, please refer to the VDSL2 router
User’s Guide to check how to restore factory default settings.
3.2.1
MULTIUSER CONFIGURATIONS
In both network address assignments, dynamic (factory default value in the router) and static,
some configuration options are common. Initially, it is necessary to configure the router
private network (LAN). Select: Advanced Setup ->LAN to display next screen where you
will need to fill in the according values:
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Figure 3-2: Private network address options configuration in multiuser mode
If you want, you can change in this screen the router IP address (IP Address and IP Subnet
Mask) and the DHCP server settings (Start IP Address, End IP Address,…) according with
the private network desired values. It is not recommended to modify any other parameters.
Once introduced previous values, press Apply/Save button and the router will be updated
properly.
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The WAN configuration options are the features required for the VDSL2 interface. Select:
Advanced Setup -> WAN to display next screen:
Figure 3-3: WAN configuration
MULTIUSER DYNAMIC (FACTORY DEFAULT OPTION)
Go to Advanced Setup WAN and press the Edit icon associated to the existing WAN
interface and you will obtain the following screens sequence, where appearing an example of
configuration for this case. It will be necessary to configure the right values for the username
and password parameters for the PPPoE client according with the broadband line. In next
figures you can refer to the parameters already configured with the right values. It is
recommended not to modify them. To move forward the next screen, press the Next button
on each one.
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Figure 3-4: Screens sequence WAN configuration in multiuser dynamic mode
In the multiuser configurations, the NAT feature must be enabled, as it can be appreciated in
the summary table displayed in previous screen (NAT : Enabled).
Once completed these previous fields, press Apply/Save button to make the router saves the
changes properly.
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MULTIUSER STATIC
Go to Advanced Setup WAN and select the Remove checkbox, pressing next the bottom
Remove to delete the existing WAN interface.
Figure 3-5: Remove WAN interface
After that, press on the Add bottom in the same screen, to add a new WAN connection and
you will obtain the following sequence of screens where an example appears configured for
this case. It will be necessary to configure here the right value of the public IP address
received for the broadband line. In the next screenshots you can find the rest of parameters
already configured with the right values. It is recommended not changing them. To move
forward to next screens, press the Next button on each one.
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Figure 3-6: Screens sequence WAN configuration in multiuser static mode
In the multiuser configurations, the NAT feature must be enabled, as it can be appreciated in
the summary table displayed in previous screen (NAT : Enabled).
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Once completed these previous fields, press Apply/Save button to make the router saves the
changes properly.
3.2.2
MONOUSER CONFIGURATIONS
These are not highly recommended settings for this router due to the advanced features
supported by this device cannot be used. In this case, the PC is the device directly connected
to the internet, where the NAT feature in the router is disabled. It is recommended to adopt
some safety applications to avoid undesired threats or intrusions in the PC.
MONOUSER DYNAMIC
In this case, you will need to install a PPPoE client in the PC. If you are using Windows
2000, you can use the client provided in the package or the one supported by the own OS in
Windows XP, Vista and 7. If you are using a different operating system, please refer to the
help information in your OS to see how to install and use a PPPoE client. If you cannot have
this PPPoE client in your operating system, you won’t be able to work under this mode.
In the configuration process of the PPPoE client installed on the PC you will need to
introduce username and password to establish the connection. Additionally it will be required
both PC and router to have IP visibility. To do that, both devices must be configured in the
same IP private network range. As we take factory default settings as starting point, then the
router will have the IP address 192.168.1.1 with network mask 255.255.255.0 and the PC
will receive the IP settings through DHCP. If it were necessary, refer to the CPE User’s
Guide to see how to restore factory default settings in your router.
It is not mandatory, but you can configure the DHCP server settings with the values refered
in the Figure 3-2: Private network address configuration options in multiuser mode
Go to: Advanced Setup -> WAN and select the Remove checkbox, pressing next the bottom
Remove to delete the existing WAN interface, as shown in above figure 3-5.
After that, press on the Add bottom in the same screen, to add a new WAN connection and
you will obtain the following sequence of screens where an example appears configured for
this case. It will be necessary to configure here the right value of the public IP address
received for the broadband line. In the next screenshots you can find the rest of parameters
already configured with the right values. It is recommended not changing them. To move
forward to next screens, press the Next bottom on each page.
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Figure 3-7: Screens sequence WAN configuration in monouser dynamic mode
Once completed these previous fields, press Apply/Save button to make the router saves the
changes properly
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MONOUSER STATIC
First of all, it will be required to assign an IP address to the router. To obtain this address it is
necessary to perform a logical AND operation between the public IP address and the network
mask (these values appear in the information received from Telefonica) and add 1. For
example, let’s suppose your public IP address is X.X.X.135 and the network mask is
255.255.255.192. Go to: Advanced Setup -> LAN to display next screen, where you can see
one example showing how to fill in these fields. The rest of the parameters must be
configured with the right values according with next figure. It is recommended not to change
them.
Figure 3-8: Network options configuration in monouser static mode
Once completed these previous fields, press Apply/Save and the router will be configured as
expected.
The router is configured to make the PC when asking for the IP address via DHCP, it will
receive the public IP address. At this moment, you will lose the IP connectiviy between your
PC and the router and it will not be recovered till the PC can renew the IP address. Refer the
help information in your operating system to check how to do it. In this moment you will
recover the connectivity back with the router to continue the configuration process.
Now go to Advanced Setup -> WAN and select the Remove checkbox, pressing next the
bottom Remove to delete the existing WAN interface, as shown in figure 3-5 above.
After that, press on the Add bottom in the same screen, to add a new WAN connection and
you will obtain the following sequence of screens where an example appears configured for
this case. It will be necessary to configure here the right value of the public IP address
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received for the broadband line. In the next screenshots you can find the rest of parameters
already configured with the right values. It is recommended not changing them. To move
forward to next screens, press the Next bottom on each page.
It is only required a management IP address (shown in the information received). In this
example, it will be used the 10.0.0.5, as can be shown in next screen.
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Figure 3-9: Screens sequence WAN configuration in monouser static mode
Once completed these previous fields, press Apply/Save in the last screen of the sequence
and the router will be configured as expected.
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3.3
PORT FORWARDING
If your router is configured in multiuser mode, the NAT feature will be enabled. This feature
implies that you could need to forward some ports to use some applications (online gaming,
videoconference, etc.).
Go to: Advanced Setup -> NAT -> Virtual Server to display next screen:
Figure 3-10: Port Forwarding-1
In the screen above press the bottom Add and you will see the following screen where it is
displayed an example with the mapping of the port 21 (ftp) to a PC in the private network
with IP address 192.168.1.33:
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Figure 3-11: Port Forwarding-2
Press Apply/Save button and the rule will be stored in the router. Add as many ports as you
need. For safety reasons it is recommended to close all ports not in use, this is, removing
them from the above table.
3.4
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS LAN
If you want to configure the ADSL router Wireless LAN interface, keep in mind to use
similar settings in the wireless LAN clients to be associated to the router.
If you need further information about the wireless networks, please refer to the “Tutorial
sobre redes WiFi” available in the www.telefonicaonline.com/zonawifi webpage.
Basically it will be necessary to configure following parameters:
•
Radio channel to be used by the access point.
•
The network identifier (SSID), it will be the name for identifying the wireless LAN
network.
•
The encryption type. Basically there are two main encryption types to provide some
privacy to the communications through the wireless interface:
−
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) for Wi-Fi IEEE 802.11b and 802.11g
networks.
−
WPA-PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access / Phase Shift Keying).
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Movistar recommends, for safety reasons, to enable always some encryption in the
wireless network. If the network has no 802.11b clients, it is suggested to use WPA
encryption. But in the case some 802.11b client could be associated to the router, then it
is recommended to use WEP 128-bits encryption.
NOTE: The VDSL2 router IP address will depend on the configuration mode
(multiuser/monouser , static/dynamic). In this case, we will take, as reference, the
192.168.1.1.
To access the wireless LAN settings, go to Wireless section:
Figure 3-12: Wireless LAN options configuration
In the previous screen, it is possible to enable/disable the wireless interface of your Home
Station VDSL2, as far as configure the network identifier (SSID). In the section Wireless
Advanced, some additional parameters such as the radio channel to be used.
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Figure 3-13: Additional parameters of the WLAN interface
WEP ENCRYPTION
In Wireless -> Security section, it will be possible to configure the WEP encryption
parameters, choosing the value Open for the parameter “Network Authentication” and the
value Enabled for the “WEP Encryption” parameter.
We strongly recommend you to avoid the No Security option.
As a reference, it has been selected a WEP encryption with 128-bits with encryption key
1234567890123. Keep on mind when typing the encryption key, it must have a length of 13
ASCII characters and it will differentiate between capital and non-capital letters.
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Figure 3-14: Wireless LAN enabled with WEP encryption
Once completed previous fields, press Apply/Save and the router will be configured as
expected.
WPA ENCRYPTION
In Wireless -> Security option, select the WPA-PSK modality in the “Network
Authentication” option in previous figure (see figure 3-14).
In the figure 3-15 it appears an example based on this WPA encryption with the key
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa. The WPA key must have a minimum length of 8 characters,
although for safety reasons it is recommended to have at least 20 characters. This key will
differentiate between capital and non-capital letters.
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Figure 3-15: WPA encryption settings
Once introduced previous parameters, press Apply/Save and the router will be configured as
expected.
3.5
OTHER OPERATIONS
Within this section, the next operation is included:
FIRMWARE UPGRADE
This is a critical operation which can make your router useless, so you must act carefully
and use appropiate firmware versions. It is a must to use OFFICIAL FIRMWARE
releases approved by Movistar for this model. In other case the guarantee period for
this device will be cancelled.
Before starting with this firmware upgrade please REMIND to disconnect the ADSL line
from your router.
Go to: Management -> Update Software (See Figure 3.16)
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Figure 3-16: Firmware upgrade
Press the Examinar button looking for the file containing the firmware in your PC and press
Upload Software. The process will start and you will be informed about the process progress
till it was completed. REMIND not to switch off the router nor disconnect it from the PC
during the upgrading process.
Wait few minutes for the router reboots. Once the router is initialized again, check the
current settings and if it were necessary, reconfigure it again. Please don’t forget to connect
back the cable to your Broadband access connection.
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4
USB INTERFACE
This device has built-in an USB 2.0 master port which allows end-users to increase the
functionality of their access device. By one side, it is possible to connect a 3G modem to
enable a backup access to the main DSL interface, through the mobile network; it also allows
connect storage USB devices to share files between the users connected in the local network;
and finally, it allows as well to act as printer server to allow users connected in the local
network to print documents in any printer which could be connected to this USB port.
4.1
3G BACKUP
Through the USB port of this device it is possible to connect a 3G modem which could
provide a backup line to the VDSL2 main line, to allow end-users could keep on enjoying the
internet access according with the price rate contract for the 3G modem, in case of problems
with the fixed line.
This device is completely compatible with the 3G modems Huawei E1752, Huawei E1752C,
ZTE MF110 and ZTE MF190, which are possible to adquire to Movistar. To know if there
are new compatible devices, as far as to clarify any other related detail, please check the
webpage www.movistar.es/router.
The end-user will only need to connect a compatible 3G modem to the router USB port, and
in case of problems with the VDSL2 access, it will be automatically redirected to some local
pages in the router where it will be required to input the PIN code of the SIM card inserted in
the 3G modem to continue surfing in internet through the mobile network according with the
prices conditions adquired with the 3G modem.
The navegation rate with the 3G modem could depend in function of the coverage area where
it were used.
4.2
FILE SHARING
It is also possible to connect to this USB port in the router, a external memory disk or a USB
memory to be shared in the local network.
Once connected, it is possible to access the contents of the external disk or USB memory
from any PC in the local network. To do that, it is only necessary to access through the
Windows explorer, to the router LAN IP address, by default \\192.168.1.1, to get the access
to the shared contents.
It will be shown one shared folder with the contents of the external disk or USB memory, to
easily surf through them.
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Figure 4-1: File sharing
It will be possible to access only to the primary partitions of the NTFS or FAT32 type of the
disks connected, but not possible to access to secondary partitions or other types.
4.3
PRINTER SERVER
It will be possible also to connect a printer to the router USB port to share it with the other
devices connected to the local network allowing them to print documents in the printer
connected to the router.
To do that, it would be enough to connect a compatible printer to the router and to have the
installation software of that printer on each one of the PCs connected in the local network.
It will be just necessary to follow the indications in the installation procedure of the printer
software on each PC. If the installation software could require to connect the printer to the
PC, keep in mind to ensure that what it will be necessary to ensure is that it is connected to
the router.
The operating systems supporting this printer server feature are Windows 2000, Windows
XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and MAC OS X or higher versions.
In next case, we will describe how to add manually a printer in the Windows 7 OS.
1.- Click Start Devices and printers to open the Devices and printers screen. Click Add
a printer.
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PRINTER SERVER
Figure 4-2: Printer installation – Step 1
2.- Select the option Add a network printer, wireless or Bluetooth.
Figure 4-3: Printer installation – Step 2
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3.- If the printer appears in the list of network printers which are automatically displayed,
select that printer and go to step 5, if not, select the option The desired printer is not in the
list and go to step 4.
Figure 4-4: Printer installation – Step 3
4.- In this case, select Select a shared printed by name a printer, and enter
http://192.168.1.1:631/printers/USB_PRINTER as the URL access to the printer server.
Click Next.
NOTE : If you change the Device’s LAN IP address, use the new IP address in the above
URL to access the printer server.
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PRINTER SERVER
Figure 4-5: Printer installation – Step 4
5.- It is possible that the printer driver could be installed automatically or that could be
necessary to select the brand of the printer which is connected to the CPE USB port, from
the printer brands list.
6.- Also it could be necessary select the printer model within the list of printers.
7.- If your printer is not displayed in the list of printers, you must insert the printer driver
installation CD or download the driver file to your computer, click Have Disk… and install
the new printer driver.
8.- Click Next to continue.
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PRINTER SERVER
Figure 4-6: Printer installation – Step 5
9.- Once all the previous steps completed, select the option Define as default printer and
then click the Finish button if you want to use this printer as the default printer on your
computer. Otherwise do not select this option and then click Finish button.
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PRINTER SERVER
Figure 4-7: Printer installation – Step 6
10.- At the end, the following screen will appear showing the printer was successfully
installed. Select Finish to complete the adding a new printer process.
Figure 4-8: Printer installation – Step 7
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