Sharp | R8000 | Instruction manual | Sharp R8000 Instruction manual

R-Series Instruction Manual
Detector and Diverter Gate
Northwest Marine Technology, Inc.
976 Ben Nevis Loop Road
P.O. Box 427
Shaw Island, WA 98286
Phone: (360) 468–3375
Fax: (360) 468–3844
Web Site: http:/www.nmt.us
E-Mail: office@nmt.us
Revision 7.1
March 21, 2003
R 9500 Detector with Gate, Dual Counter and
Desiccant Cartridge Attached
Table of Contents
Table of Contents..........................................................................4
Introduction ...................................................................................6
Part 1: Organization and Use of this Manual. ...............................6
Part 2: Equipment Description ......................................................7
Detector Front Panel ....................................................................................................7
Detector Rear Panel...................................................................................................10
Diverter Gate..............................................................................................................13
Gate Electronics Box..................................................................................................14
Dual Counter ..............................................................................................................15
Quad Counter.............................................................................................................17
Part 3: Equipment Setup .............................................................18
Detector Mounting and Setup.....................................................................................18
Gate Attachment ........................................................................................................18
Dual Counter Attachment ...........................................................................................19
Quad Counter Mechanical Installation........................................................................19
Quad Counter cable connections. ..............................................................................20
Desiccant Cartridge....................................................................................................23
Powering the Equipment ............................................................................................27
Aluminum Leg Assembly............................................................................................29
Part 4: Detailed Operating Procedures .......................................30
Turning on Power .......................................................................................................30
Adjusting Detector Sensitivity.....................................................................................30
Detector Adjustments for use with a Diverter Gate ....................................................31
Counter Operation......................................................................................................32
Part 5: Care and Maintenance ....................................................34
Part 6: Troubleshooting...............................................................36
Sensitivity Adjustment ................................................................................................36
Optimizing Conditions ................................................................................................37
Testing Sensitivity ......................................................................................................37
Alarms and Signals ....................................................................................................38
Power Loss to Gate.................................................................................................38
Gate Latch Hook Position Alarm .............................................................................38
Odd situations .........................................................................................................38
Adjustments ...............................................................................................................38
Gate Latch Bar Stop................................................................................................38
Part 7: Glossary ..........................................................................39
Part 8: Appendix..........................................................................40
Daily Operation of the Detector with a Gate and Counter ..........................................40
Daily Operation of the Detector without a Gate and Counter .....................................43
Detector Specifications...............................................................................................45
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Dimensions: ............................................................................................................45
Power Consumption ................................................................................................45
Wiring of Power Connector .....................................................................................45
Wiring of Electronics Connector ..............................................................................45
Cleaning and Disinfecting of Equipment.....................................................................47
Optional accessories from NMT and others ...............................................................47
Conveyor Belt Usage .................................................................................................47
Use of R-Series Detector in a Flume..........................................................................48
Other Tag Detection Methods and Equipment ...........................................................48
Shipping Detectors for Repair or Relocation ..............................................................48
Equipment Lists and Weights.....................................................................................49
R-Series Detector....................................................................................................49
Gate with Dual Counter ...........................................................................................49
Quad Counter..........................................................................................................50
Contacting Northwest Marine Technology..................................................................51
R-Series Instruction Manual
5
Introduction
There are two models of R-Series Rectangular Tunnel Detectors, the R8000 and
the R9500; they are designed to detect the presence of Coded Wire Tags
(CWTs) in fish fed through the central tunnel, such as salmon, herring and eels.
The R-9500 may also be operated with a conveyor belt running through it for
detecting tags in a large volume of small fish.
Fish are passed through the tunnel at a rate of 5 to 23 feet/second (1.5 to 7
meters/second). If a fish contains a tag, the Detector responds with an audio
alarm, indicator lights, and an electronic signal to activate an optional Diverter
Gate. For stand-alone operation (operation without a Gate), an operator
manually sorts the exiting fish according to the presence or absence of the alarm
signal. The optional Diverter Gate automatically diverts tagged fish to one side
and untagged fish to the other as they exit the tunnel, and the Counters tally the
fish exiting from each side. Fish are typically slid through the R-Series Detector
by hand with the Detector inclined at 10 to 25 degrees while the tunnel is kept
wet with a stream of water.
Part 1: Organization and Use of this Manual.
This manual describes the setup and operation of all R8000 and R9500
Detectors, Diverter Gates, and Counters. Since most of the R-Series Detectors
have a Diverter Gate with Counter attached, this manual integrates explanation
of the use of the Gate with that of the Detector. For operation without a Gate, all
references to the Gate, and the Gate controls on the Detector, may simply be
ignored.
This manual is separated into several parts.
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Detailed Equipment Description.
Assembly, setup, and powering the equipment.
Detailed Operating Procedures
Care and Maintenance, including disinfection.
Troubleshooting, describes alarms, things to avoid and things that
must be done to assure consistency and reliability. This section also
describes problems and specific solutions where possible.
A glossary of terms.
An Appendix, which includes a Daily Operations Checklist, detector
specifications, shipping instructions and other information.
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Part 2: Equipment Description
Detector Front Panel
The front panel of the R-Series detector contains the entrance to the tunnel and
the control panel as pictured below. The R8000 and R9500 differ only in size.
See appendix for size specifications of each machine.
Upper LED Display
Power
Switch
Lower LED Display
Gate Signal
Duration
Gate Signal
Delay
Serial
Number
Detector
Sensitivity
Tunnel
Power Indicator
Tag Threshold
Error
Low Dead Batteries
The Power Switch has two positions, On and Off. If a Diverter Gate is
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7
attached, power is supplied from the Gate through the Electronics Connector
on the rear panel. If used without a Gate, power may be supplied with either two
C-cell alkaline batteries in the Battery Holder on the rear panel or, on newer
units, from any 6 to 40 volt dc supply or NMT Power Supply connected to the
Power Connector on the rear panel.
Please see Turning on Power, in Part 4 regarding units with gates.
To the right of the power switch are two LED (light emitting diode) displays. The
lower display is formed by a horizontal row of 18 red LEDs. The first LED is a
power-on indicator; as long as there is power this first LED will be on. The next
14 LEDs are a tag signal display, depicting the size of the magnetic disturbance
being detected in the tunnel. The light moves to the right as the signal increases.
When it reaches the center of the display, marked Tag Threshol”, the detector
recognizes the presence of a tag. At and above "Tag Threshold," a solid bar of
LEDs appears to the right. The number of lit LEDs to the right of “Tag Threshold”
indicates signal strength. The last three of the 18 LEDs indicate: 1) an Error in
conveyor belt timing, 2) Low Batteries, low voltage, and 3) Dead Batteries.
The upper round LED display consists of one red LED that illuminates when a
detected tag (or excess noise) causes the signal strength to pass the Tag
Threshold.
The Low Batteries light functions similarly in units with either a Battery Holder
or with a Power Connector. In the first case, it indicates that the two C-cell
batteries are low (1.1 volts or less each) and should be replaced. It will also
indicate when either a 6 volt or 12 volt lead acid battery connected directly to the
detector (not the gate) is in need of recharging. The Detector will still function for
a short while (up to 10 hours) after this light turns on. The Dead Batteries light
indicates that the batteries are so low that the Detector will probably not function
correctly.
When the Detector, without a gate, is first turned on, the LED bar graph to the
right of “Tag Threshold” displays the battery condition. A single light indicates a
nearly exhausted alkaline battery giving no more than 0.9 volts per cell. The bar
grows to the right with increasing battery condition up to the 1.5 volts per cell of a
fresh alkaline battery. Two alkaline C- cells are good for about 60 hours of
normal operation. The detector may operate from other types of C- cell batteries,
but they are not recommended and may not properly trigger the low battery
indicator lights.
The LED bar graph to the right of “Tag Threshold” also indicates the charge
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condition of batteries, with one LED indicating very low charge and full scale
indicating a fully charged battery.
These LEDs stay lit from 10 to 20 seconds depending on the version of the
detector.
If powering through the Power Connector using the NMT Power Supply, all of
the LEDs to the right of “Tag Threshold” will be on for 20 seconds.
After the initial battery condition display, the LEDs to the right of “Tag threshold”
go out and the microprocessor initializes itself. The detector is now ready to
detect noise or a CWT. If the Detector Sensitivity knob is set at the lowest
setting (completely counter clockwise) the two most left LEDs will be on. If the
sensitivity is adjusted clockwise then the second LED will go off and the third or
fourth LED will light. The LED bar graph shows the strength of the detected
signal plus noise. A lit LED confined to the left side of “Tag Threshold” indicates
a signal smaller than normally produced by a tag. When “Tag Threshold” is
reached, the bar of lit LEDs extends beyond the light labeled "Tag Threshold".
The detector signals the presence of a tag with both an audible beep and by
turning on the large round bright red LEDs near the center of the front and rear
panels.
There are three adjustments knobs: Detector Sensitivity, Gate Signal Delay, and
Gate Signal Duration. The recommended starting positions of these are:
1) Detector Sensitivity turned to approximately 11:00 o'clock,
2) Gate Signal Delay turned all the way down (full counter-clockwise), and
3) Gate Signal Duration turned all the way up (full clockwise).
These controls should be further adjusted as described in Part 4.
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9
Detector Rear Panel
The rear panel of the R-Series Detector has the tunnel exit, one or two air
vent(s), an audio signal Alarm or (AudioLarm), a Battery compartment; on
newer units the Battery compartment has been replaced with a Power
Connector, an Electronics Connector, and a large round red Tag Threshold
indicator LED, as shown in the figure below. All detectors must have
desiccants.
Vent with Desiccant
Batteries
AudioLarm
Electronics
Connector
Tag Threshold
Tunnel
Older Model Rear Panel of the R-Series Detector
As of mid March 2002 all new detectors are being built with a large desiccant
cartridge installed above the rear panel. All detectors that were built with two
vent holes and no desiccant are being altered to carry desiccant cartridges. If
you have a detector that does not have a desiccant, please contact Northwest
Marine Technology for more information.
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“DRIERITE” cartridge installed
Upper vent
One end of hose
attached to vent,
other to cartridge
One end hose
attached to
cartridge, other
end open
Plugged lower
vent
R-Series Detector Rear Panel as of March 2002
The Vent is required to accommodate pressure changes due to changes in
weather or altitude (especially during air transport). The upper vent is connected
with a few inches of flexible tubing to a desiccant dryer cartridge and the other
end of this cartridge is connected to several inches of flexible tubing that is open
at the other end. This second piece of tubing reduces the rate of absorption of
moisture from damp air and splashed water. To avoid damage to the electronic
detection circuitry, the desiccant dryer cartridge or desiccant in the cartridge
must be replaced routinely. The life of the desiccant may vary greatly
depending on the type of desiccant being used and the size of the cartridge. The
fresh desiccant supplied by Northwest Marine Technology is blue (See the end of
this section for information about desiccants).
On detectors with two vents, the lower vent is plugged.
The audio signal Alarm ("AudioLarm") has a fixed volume, but it can easily be
made less loud by covering its opening with a piece of tape or placing a foam ear
plug in the hole. The audio alarm sounds whenever the Tag Threshold LED
lights indicating the presence of a CWT or excess noise.
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The Battery compartment holds two C-cell batteries; only Alkaline batteries
should be used, since other types (regular, "heavy duty," rechargeable, or
others) will not last as long and will not be correctly monitored by the low battery
indicator. The batteries may be left out if a Diverter Gate is used, although the
loss-of-power alarm will not function.
On later units or retrofitted units the Battery compartment is replaced with a
Power Connector.
The Power Connector accepts any input voltage from 6 to 40 volts DC, and
requires use of an NMT Power Cableconnected to a battery, or an adapter
(NMT Power Supply) for operation from utility AC power. Unless otherwise
requested, the unit ships with a 12 volt rechargeable sealed lead acid battery,
battery box, a battery charger with cables, and an NMT Power supply. On a few
detectors the artwork on the rear panel says 6 – 48 VDC. This is not correct. If
you would like a new label to cover the incorrect voltage range, please contact
NMT.
Detach the battery cable from the Power Connector when the detector is not in
use to avoid running down the battery.
The Electronics Connector connects via a cable to a Diverter Gate: it sends an
activation signal to the Gate when a CWT is detected, and can accept electrical
power from the NMT Diverter Gate.
The Tag Threshold LED on the rear panel is a duplicate of the Tag Threshold
LED on the front panel. It turns on when the signal strength is greater than the
"Tag Threshold" level as indicated on the LED bar graph of the front control
panel.
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Diverter Gate
The R-Series Diverter Gate attaches to the rear of the R-Series Detector and
works in conjunction with it. Its main components are one upper and one lower
"beak" for mechanical support, two latching gate doors, an Electronics Box, and
a Counter with sensors. The gate doors are arranged so that fish are diverted to
one side or the other depending on which door is unlatched. One gate door is
normally latched when there is not a CWT signal and the other is normally
unlatched; the latched side is selected by the user using a toggle switch.
Untagged fish sliding out of the R-Series Detector will push open the unlatched
door and be diverted to that side by the latched door. If the Detector identifies a
fish moving through the R-Series Detector as containing a Coded Wire Tag
(CWT), then the Detector sends a signal to the Diverter Gate through the
Detector's electronics connector on the rear panel. This signal toggles the
Diverter Gate latch so that the fish is diverted to the other side. After an
adjustable period of time of approximately 1 second, the Diverter Gate returns to
its previous state, ready for another fish.
The R-Series Diverter Gate can be powered by either a 12-volt sealed-lead-acid
battery or by an NMT power supply that plugs into a standard 120 VAC outlet.
Electronics Box
Upper Beak
Counter Cable with
Sensors in brackets
R 9500 Diverter Gate with fish pushing
open the unlatched door and being
diverted to the left by the latched door.
Latched Door
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Gate Electronics Box
The front side of the Gate Electronics Box has seven items: a Power Input
Connector, a cable for connecting to the R Detector, a vertically toggled Power
Switch a horizontally toggled Direction Switch, an audio Error Alarm, an LED
indicating Power On, and an LED indicating a Low Battery.
End View of Gate Electronics Box
The Power Input Connector on the R-Series Gate connects to either NMT's RSeries Power Supply, which in turn is plugged into a standard 120VAC outlet, or
to a 12 volt DC power source such as the supplied 12 volt sealed lead acid
battery.
The end of the Cable to R Detector connects to the Electronics Connector on
the rear panel of the detector. It receives the activation signal from the Detector
and also supplies the Detector with 5-volt power.
The Power Switch toggles up for on and down for off. If there are C-cells in the
Detector and the Gate power is turned off before the Detector is turned off, the
Detector Loss of Power Alarm will sound.
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The Direction Switch is toggled to either the left or right. With the gate attached
to the detector and the gate power on, set the direction switch so the unlatched
door is on the side to which untagged fish are to be diverted.
The Error Alarm will sound if the gate latch is in the wrong position. During
normal operation the latch will always be in the correct position, but if it is
bumped or pushed it can be moved to the wrong position and then the alarm will
immediately and continuously sound. The latch can then be manually toggled
back to the correct position, or the direction switch can be toggled a couple times
to return the latch to the correct position. Either method will correct the error and
stop the alarm.
The Power On LED indicates that the Diverter Gate is turned on and power is
being applied.
The Low Bat LED turns on when the Diverter Gate is being powered by a sealed
lead-acid battery and the battery voltage is low. The Diverter Gate may operate
correctly for only a few hours after this light turns on; the battery should be
replaced or recharged as soon as this light goes on.
Dual Counter
A two-channel Counter is located in a separate box that mounts on the front
handle of the Detector. Sensors that detect the opening of the gate doors are
mounted on the gate and are connected to the counter with cables. On some
gates, the counter sensors are held in place with Counter Keeper Springs. The
count for each gate door is continuously displayed, and can be manually
increased, decreased, or zeroed with buttons on the counter box.
The Counter display is continuously powered by a high capacity Lithium battery
that has a lifetime of more than 10 years with normal operation. When the
battery is low, leading zeros will appear in the display, for example "000427"
instead of "427". The batteries will last at least another week, perhaps a month
after leading zeros first appear. When the Gate is not in use, the Counter cable
should be unplugged from the back of the counter; otherwise the battery lifetime
will be reduced. When a battery needs replacement, the counter must be
returned to NMT.
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Brackets for
mounting to
Front Handle
Display
Front View of Dual Counter. Black Switches decrease the count (-). Red
Switches increase the count (+).
Serial
number is
below the
connector
Counter Cable
with Sensors
Rear view of Dual Counter with the
Counter Cable with Sensors attached
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Quad Counter
The Quad Counter is used with the gate to keep track of the number of tagged
and untagged fish in two different groups (sex, species etc.).
The Quad Counter consists of two Dual Counters, a Switch Box, a Double Foot
Switch and a Power Cable. The Switch Box is operated by the Double Foot
Switch and determines to which Counter the count will go and indicates which
Counter is active by lighting either one bright blue LED, if the upper Counter is
active, or two bright red LEDs, if the lower Counter is active.
Switch Box with two
red LEDs lit indicating
lower counter is active
Upper Dual
Counter
Lower Dual
Counter
Power Cable
Double Foot Switch
R9500 Detector with a Quad Counter attached.
R-Series Instruction Manual
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Part 3: Equipment Setup
Detector Mounting and Setup
In most cases, the R-Series detectors rely on gravity to transport fish through
them and through the Gate doors. The detector must be mounted at an angle
that will maintain adequate speed of the fish through the detector. This is usually
an angle between 10 and 30 degrees. The Detector should be supported
mechanically by either resting it on any of its edges --- such as the bottom edges
on a table, or by fastening to the 1/8" x 1" flanges on the sides of the front and
rear panels. The side flanges should be used rather than the top or bottom
flanges because of their greater strength toward vertical forces. Excessive
forces should never be applied to any of the panels or to the central
rectangular tunnel.
Some users have modified a patient gurney (wheeled patient stretcher)
The R-Series Detector can be provided with optional tubular aluminum legs
that can be folded or disassembled for transportation or storage.
Regardless of the mounting method, wobble (movement side to side) must
be prevented. If necessary, fasten the gate to a tote or some other stable
object, or set the end of the detector on the tote, to prevent diverted fish from
causing the machine to wobble. Large, fast moving fish, diverted to the side by
the gate, push the gate and detector in the opposite direction. If this motion is
severe, the audio alarm will go off and a false positive will be seen. Sometimes
when fish are fed into the tunnel they hit the interior side of the tunnel, causing
the detector to wobble. To prevent this, properly secure the detector.
Gate Attachment
The Diverter Gate should be bolted to the rear flange of the R-Series Detector in
four places using 1/4-20X3/4” bolts and 1/4-20 nylon insert nuts on each side.
Two of these bolts are used in common with the Rear Handle. The Rear Handle
requires two additional bolts and nuts. The cable coming from the Diverter Gate
Electronics Box (Cable to R Detector) should be connected to the Detector Rear
Panel Electronics Connector, and a cable coming from either the battery pack or
power supply should be connected to the Power Input connector on the Diverter
Gate Electronics Box. Before removing the Gate from the Detector, always
remove the Counter Cable sensors, and disconnect the Gate Electronics
Cable from the Detector.
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Dual Counter Attachment
The Dual Counter is mounted on the front handle of the Detector with 4
1/4-20X3/4” bolts and nylon insert nuts. The Counter Cable with Sensors
should be plugged into the rear of the Counter Box, one sensor should be
inserted fully into each of the two sensor brackets above the gate doors, and, if
so equipped, the counter keeper springs placed to prevent the sensors from
vibrating upward.
When the Gate is not in use, the Counter cable should be unplugged from the
back of the counter; otherwise the battery lifetime will be reduced.
Quad Counter Mechanical Installation
The Quad Counter consists of two Dual Counters, a double foot switch, an
indicating switch box to show which counter is active, a tall front handle, a pair of
half handles and a power cable. The two counters and indicating switch box are
mounted under the front handle.
1. If you are assembling a Quad Counter on a detector with an existing Dual
Counter mounted on the front handle, remove the counter from the handle
and remove the handle from the detector. This old handle will not be used.
On the detector without a front handle:
2. Attach the new, taller handle and the half handles to the detector's front panel
with four 1/4 - 20 X 3/4 Hex Head Cap Screws and Nylon insert nuts.
3. Attach the newer counter to the half handles.
4. Attach the older Counter and the Switch Box to the underside of the new
handle. The switch box mounts on the right side, with two screws going first
through the switch box bracket then the handle, then the counter bracket, and
into nuts. The switch box should be oriented so that the LEDs point toward
the operator feeding fish.
5. See the next section regarding cable hookup. Pay special attention to the
Power Cable.
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Quad Counter cable connections.
1. The Counter Cable with Sensors connects to the connector at the rear face of
the switch box. The sensors install into the gate sensor brackets in the same
way as for the Dual Counter.
2. The short upper cable coming out of the upward facing side of the switch box
connects to the upper counter,
3. The short lower cable coming out of the upward facing side of the switch box
connects to the lower counter.
4. The Double Foot Switch plugs into the connector on the downward facing side
of the switch box.
5. The Quad Counter Power Cable coming out of the switch box connects to the
“Cable to R Detector” that comes from the gate.
6. The short cable with connector on the Quad Counter Power Cable plugs into
the “Electronics Connector” on the rear panel of the detector.
See the following pages for photos of Quad Counter Cable Connections.
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Battery cable attached to Power Input
Connector on Gate
Short Cable/Connector on
Quad Counter Power Cable
attached to Electronics
Connector on Detector
Quad Counter Power Cable attached to
Cable to R Detector from the Gate
Counter Cable sensor in
bracket, held in place with
Counter Keeper Spring
Battery
Cable attachments at Gate and Rear of Detector. Shown are: Battery connection
to Gate, Quad Counter Power Cable connection to Detector and to Cable from Gate
to Detector, and Counter Cables with keeper springs on Sensors.
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Switch Box
attached to Front
Quad Counter
Detector Handle
Two Counter Cables
from Switch Box.
Upper Cable attached
to upper Dual
Counter, lower Cable
attached to lower
Dual Counter
Counter Cable with Sensors
attached to end of Switch Box
Foot Switch Cable attached
to Switch Box Connector
Power Cable coming
from Switch Box
Cable attachments at Switch Box and Dual Counters at Front
of Detector. Shown are: Counter Cables attached to two Dual
Counters, Counter Cable with Sensors attached to Switch Box, Foot
Switch Cable attached to Switch Box, and Power Cable coming
from the Switch Box.
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Desiccant Cartridge
R-Series detectors condense internal moisture when cold water is run through
the tunnel. All detectors must have a functional desiccant cartridge or
corrosion of the internal electronics will occur. The desiccant should be
partially or fully blue. If the desiccant is all orange or pink, change the cartridge
or regenerate desiccant material.
NMT has provided two different types of desiccant cartridges: the small white
“SPEEDAIRE” cartridge and the much larger “DRIERITE” cartridge.
The “SPEEDAIRE” cartridge contains silica gel that is dark blue when it is dry
and turns orange when exhausted. This cartridge is disposable and may not be
refilled. IMPORTANT Be sure to remove the orange plugs at the ends of the
“SPEEDAIRE” desiccant cartridge before installation.
“SPEEDAIRE” Desiccant Cartridge
Desiccant is dark blue,
indicating that it is good
IMPORTANT Orange plugs that must be removed prior to installation
Orange Plugs have
been removed from
the desiccant cartridge
Desiccant is Blue
Rear Panel of R
Detector with
“SPEEDAIRE”
Desiccant Attached to
the Vent
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The “DRIERITE” cartridge contains 1.25 pounds of indicating CaSO4. When the
desiccant is dry and active it is blue; when exhausted it turns pink. The
desiccant may be regenerated with heat. Spread the desiccant granules one
layer deep is shallow pans and in a heated oven at 425° F or 210° C for 1 hour
(see the enclosed Technical Data Sheet and MSDS). Change the desiccant
when it becomes exhausted.
DRIERITE Desiccant Cartridge
The desiccant cartridge will be partially attached to the detector for shipping.
Prior to use the desiccant cartridge must be fully installed.
The cartridge is held in place on the rear panel of the detector with brackets that
are custom made of stainless steel for Northwest Marine Technology.
The desiccant cartridge is attached via a hose to the upper vent on the detector.
The other barbed end of the desiccant has a hose attached that is open to the
air. The desiccant should go pink from the end that is open to the air. If
the desiccant is turning pink at the end attached to the detector, then this
is an indication of moisture inside the detector and the detector will need
to be dried out. If your detector is wet inside, contact Northwest Marine
Technology
Below are the materials and procedure for attaching your desiccant to your R-Series
Detector.
1. Remove desiccant cartridge from the tunnel of the detector. Two hose
clamps are on the cartridge between the barbs. Remove the yellow plugs
on the ends of the cartridge barbs.
2. There are two brackets, two bolts, 4 washers, 2 nuts, a 6” and a 10” piece
of clear hose, and a white hose clamp.
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3. Attach the brackets to the rear panel through the ¼ inch holes that are
drilled in the top of the flange. Orient the brackets so that the tabs are
facing the center of the detector. Use a washer between the screw and
the bracket and one between the bracket and the nut.
4. Remove the desiccant cartridge from the tunnel of the detector and set it in
the brackets. The opening end of the desiccant should be over the
Electronics Connector. Slide the hose clamps over the tabs on the
brackets. Push the hose clamp screws out of the way and tighten. Make
certain that the clamp is over both of the bracket tabs.
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Hose clamp
around 10”
tubing and
brass barb
6”
tubing
Electronics
Connector
5. If it has become unattached, reattach the longer 10-inch piece of tubing
between the air vent on the detector and the lower barb on the desiccant
cartridge. Attach the 6-inch piece of hose to the barb near the lid. This
second piece of tubing may be cut shorter it needed to keep it out of the
way of equipment. The longer it is the more slowly the desiccant will
exhaust.
6. The angle of bend of the R8000 rear handle will have to be modified for
the handle to fit over the DRIERITE desiccant cartridge.
7. It is important to store and transport the detector with the desiccant
attached. Before transport, remove the brackets and tape the desiccant
cartridge while still attached to the detector, to the inside of the tunnel.
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Powering the Equipment
1)
If the Detector is used with an attached Gate, connect either a 12 Volt
Battery or the NMT R-Series120 VAC Power Supply to the Power Input
Connector on the Gate, not to the Power Connector on the Detector, and then
attach the “Cable to R Detector” on the gate to the “Electronics Connector” on
the detector.
2)
For Detectors built or rebuilt prior to the spring of 1999, power is supplied
either from a pair of c-cells in the Battery Compartment in the rear of the detector
or from the Diverter Gate.
Use only alkaline c-cell batteries. The brand doesn't matter, but the
battery types listed as regular, "heavy duty," or anything other than alkaline may
not properly power the R-Series Detector for more than a short time. The
batteries should be inserted into the battery tube with the ends having the bump
(the positive ends) going in first, so that the flatter end of the second battery
faces out and contacts the spring on the battery tube cap. Consider leaving out
the c-cells if you operate with a Diverter Gate. Battery leakage can cause severe
problems.
3)
In Detectors built or rebuilt after the spring of 1999, a Power Connector
that accepts anything from 6 volts DC to 40 volts DC has replaced the c-cell
battery holder. Either the 120 volt AC 15 volts DC NMT R-Series Power Supply
or the rechargeable 12 volt battery, will power the Detector when operated in a
stand-alone mode. Connect the cable from either of these to the Power
Connector on the Rear Panel of the Detector. Disconnect the battery from the
detector when not it use or the battery will be drained.
To protect both the 12-volt battery and the Power Supply, use the battery box
NMT supplies; it provides a convenient place to make a connection between the
Power Supply and the extension cord, preventing it from being easily
disconnected and keeping the connection dry. Plug the extension cord into an
appropriate 120 V 60Hz AC electrical outlet.
When using the 12-volt battery, the RED battery cable end should be
attached to the positive terminal, the BLACK to the negative terminal.
R-Series Instruction Manual
27
The NMT Power Supply should have a white label on the front dated
November 2000. This is the only power supply that is authorized for use
with the R series detectors and gates. Do not use a power supply that
does not have this label. Contact Northwest Marine Technology if your
power supply does not have this label.
NMT Power Supply with Label
The Dual Counter relies on an internal lithium battery with a life of more than ten
years.
The switch box for the Quad Counter draws power from the supply that the Gate
provides to the detector.
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Aluminum Leg Assembly
The tubular aluminum legs are shipped partially assembled, ready to bolt to the
detector. If they are disassembled further, be sure to insert the screws from the
inside out, i.e. nuts always on the outside.
A)
On a clean, flat surface, roll the detector over onto it's top, so the legs may
be assembled with the feet pointing up.
B)
Attach the set of legs without the adjustable foot to the entry end of the
detector using four ¼-20 x 1" Cap screws and nylon insert nuts. Point the "ears"
inward. Tighten the screws and nuts securely.
C)
Attach the set of legs with the
adjustable foot to the exit and gate end
of the detector. Again, point the "ears"
inward.. If a gate is used as well, some
of the screws go through legs,
detector, and gate. Use the same type
and quantity of screws as above.
D)
At this stage, the legs may be
folded, short end first, against the
bottom for transport or storage. Watch
out for protruding screw ends hitting
the detector. If necessary, place a
piece of ¾" thick wood between the
two sets of legs as they fold down.
E)
Continuing on, matching color
codes at the joints, assemble the four
side pieces of tubing, using ¼ - 20 X
1¼ " Cap screws and wing nuts.
Purple
Red
Green
Yellow
Blue
Orange
F)
Tighten all screws securely, and
stand the detector up on it's feet.
Adjust the height of the leveling glide
on the yellow leg to minimize wobble.
R-Series Instruction Manual
29
Part 4: Detailed Operating Procedures
Turning on Power
This part presumes that the Equipment Setup section was followed so that the
Detector, Gate, and Counter are assembled correctly, and that all cables are
connected and power is provided.
Turn on the Gate using the Power Switch on the Gate Electronics Box. Turn on
the Detector using the Power switch on the Front Panel. Toggle the Direction
Switch on the Gate Electronics Box a few times to initialize the Gate electronics.
Verify that the gate latch mechanism is working properly, and leave the Direction
Switch set to the desired direction. The unlatched door should be on the side to
which untagged fish are to be diverted.
For a detector without a gate, stand-alone mode, turn on the Detector using the
Power switch on the Front Panel. Power is provided from the c-cells or from a
battery or power supply connected to the Power Connector on the rear of the
detector.
If available, turn on water and establish a flow of water through the detector so
that most of the tunnel’s bottom surface is wet. This will minimize friction and
maximize fish through-put.
Adjusting Detector Sensitivity
Detector Sensitivity adjustment is assessed by watching which LEDs are lit in the
bar graph.
The left most LED in the bar graph indicates that power is on. It does not change
with signal strength or adjustment. With the Detector Sensitivity adjustment
turned up to about 11:00 o'clock, the second, third and sometimes fourth LED
bounce back and forth, indicating random electronics noise. When a tag goes
through the Detector, noise plus signal strength is displayed, lighting LEDs well
to the right of the Tag Threshold mark.
In normal, magnetically quiet environments, the operator should adjust the
Detector Sensitivity so that in addition to the left most LED being lit (the Power
On indication), one of the next three LEDs is also lit. The second and third LEDs
R-Series Instruction Manual
30
should be on approximately equal lengths of time, with the fourth lit occasionally.
If it is known that no half-length tags will be in the fish, the Sensitivity may be
reduced such that, in addition to the first LED, only the second LED is on, with an
occasional blink of the third LED. This lowered Sensitivity setting will allow more
movement of the Detector without causing problems. While these settings
should work for most situations, the Detector's sensitivity to tags should be
confirmed as well as sensitivity to movement. It may be necessary to test the
sensitivity with a known tagged and untagged specimen.
In magnetically noisy environments, i.e. where there is a considerable amount of
machinery or high current wiring in the area, it may be necessary to adjust the
Sensitivity in a different manner. Adjust the Sensitivity so that the same number
of LEDs are lit when a tag passes as there are dark LEDs below the Tag
Threshold when there is no tag.
Using the CWT Detection Standard on a dowel, run a tag through at the speed
you expect fish to travel, and verify that at least three LEDs above the threshold
mark light up. Assuming this step is acceptable, attempt to move the Detector in
a similar way as fish passing through will cause it to move. Without a tag
passing through, this movement will cause additional LEDs to light, the number
depending on how secure the detector is and how much motion you create. As
long as the movement does not cause the detector to falsely signal the presence
of a tag, the setting is acceptable. Please see the Trouble Shooting Section if
the Sensitivity cannot be set successfully.
Detector Adjustments for use with a Diverter Gate
Initial Settings:
During operation with a Gate, the adjustment knobs on the front panel of the
detector should be initially set as follows. (These settings will work well for
fish separated by 2 seconds or more. If fish are sent through spaced less
than two seconds apart proceed to the fine adjustment sections.)
The Detector Sensitivity should be set as described in the previous section.
The Gate Signal Delay should be set to zero (full counterclockwise).
The Gate Signal Duration should be set to maximum (full clockwise).
Fine Adjustment of Gate Signal Delay:
A fast operator or two or three people working together may find that a tagged
R-Series Instruction Manual
31
fish passing through the detector causes the Diverter Gate latch to toggle before
the previous fish has completely exited the gate, and well before the fish in the
Detector reaches the Gate. In this case the Gate Signal Delay may be turned
up, causing the signal from the Detector to the Gate to be delayed until just
before the fish reaches the gate doors.
Fine Adjustment of Gate Signal Duration:
After increasing the Delay, the Signal Duration should be decreased. At the
initial setting, the signal that activates the gate remains on longer than necessary
after a tagged fish passes through the gate. For faster operation, the operator
must turn the Gate Signal Duration adjustment down so that the Gate is ready
for another fish more quickly after the passage of a tagged fish. The Duration
may be decreased until fish are just diverted before the signal is stopped and the
latch reverts to the default position. The gate duration signal must remain on until
the tagged fish has passed at least partially through the gate, or the tagged fish
may not be correctly diverted.
The Diverter Gate allows dependable operation at speeds up to 1 fish per
second. Note that performing this Fine Tuning allows for faster operation, faster
operation requires greater skill and care by the operator to avoid errors
caused by fish that are too close together, especially with two or more
people feeding fish.
Stand-Alone Operation
In order to ensure the longest battery life, disconnect the battery cable from the
Power Connector on the rear panel of the detector when the detector is not in
use.
Counter Operation
The Dual Counter (formerly R-Series Detector Gate Counter) has two identical
counter displays and pairs of control buttons. Each display indicates the sum of
counts for the right or left side. The sum is incremented every time the
corresponding gate door opens. The sum may also be increased or decreased
by pushing the + (Red) or – (Black) button (or holding the button for repeated
changes), or reset to zero by pressing both buttons simultaneously.
When checking for proper functioning of the Counter, be sure that both sensors
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32
are fully seated and at least one door is closed. You will note that holding one
door open prevents the other side from counting. If the door is opened and
closed quickly, several times a second, not all the openings will be counted. This
is to prevent a bouncing door from creating false counts. Opened twice a second
or slower, the Counter should record all door openings.
For longest battery life, disconnect the counter cable between uses.
The Quad Counter allows four types of fish to be counted, and depends on the
operator to switch between two Dual Counters, using a double foot switch. Care
must be taken not to switch between Counters while either Gate door is
open. Switching between Counters while a door is open will result in
counts on both Counters. When the upper counter cable from the switch box
is attached to the upper counter, and the left foot switch is pressed, a single
bright blue LED indicates the upper Dual Counter is active. When the lower
counter cable from the switch box is attached to the lower dual counter, and the
right foot switch is pressed, two bright red LEDs indicate that the lower Dual
Counter is active. Disconnect the cables from the back of the Counters
when they are not in use.
R-Series Instruction Manual
33
Part 5: Care and Maintenance
The R-Series equipment is designed to be as rugged as possible while still being
lightweight and performing as a precision electronic instrument. Following these
suggestions for care and maintenance will extend its life and reduce the risk of
damage.
There are two separate cleaning issues. One is with regard to maintaining the
equipment properly, the other is the minimization of transfer of disease between
hatchery stocks and to food for human consumption.
The Detector, Gate, and Counter are mostly corrosion–resistant aluminum with
Lexan artwork. However, saltwater and organic material should be removed
after each use to reduce corrosion. Water, soap and water, or 91% isopropyl
alcohol may be used, applied as a gentle spray or with a sponge or cloth. Iodine
based disinfectants are also allowed, provided they are mixed to the proper
dilution, though they may stain the equipment.
Strong solvents may damage the paint or waterproof seals, as may pressure–
washing, which is not recommended. Use of a garden hose is acceptable, so
long as high-pressure streams are avoided.
A 200 ppm chlorine solution is the standard disinfectant solution and should
be used after a thorough soap and water wash if there is any requirement for
disinfecting the equipment. NMT is not aware of any "soaps" which will also
disinfect. Please see the Appendix for information about soaps and mixing
chlorine solutions.
The Front Panel of the Detector is completely waterproof with no exposed
electrical contacts, and rinsing should be carried out as described above. Care
should be taken to avoid scratching the clear splashguard. Do not scrub with
an abrasive pad!
The Counters with + and – switches are designed to be completely waterproof,
but high-pressure streams that can force water past seals must be avoided.
The most recent counters with Black and Red switches have drain holes in
the bottom; do not use high-pressure streams or direct spray that will force
water into the drain holes. Also avoid hitting the bezels of the displays and
keys of the counter with the backs of heavy scrub brushes. Disconnect the
counter cable from the counter when it is not in use.
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34
The Counter contains a lithium c-cell. The contents of the battery are
considered hazardous materials and should be treated as such.
Special attention should be given to the Rear Panel of the detector as follows.
The interior of the Battery Holder should always be kept dry. The Battery
Holder Cap has an O-ring, making the Battery Holder water-resistant, so
special care is needed only when changing the batteries. The AudioLarm
sounder is water-resistant also, but its life will be extended after exposure to salt
water if it is rinsed with fresh water and dried. The external Electronics
Connector, and Power Connector, if so fitted, will not allow water past them
but may corrode. To minimize the risk of corrosion of their electrical contacts,
the connector(s) should be rinsed with fresh water after exposure to salt water.
Do not allow water to enter the vent or desiccant tubes.
The desiccant cartridge or desiccant material must be changed before the
desiccant material is completely exchausted. To replace the “SPEEDAIRE”
desiccant dryer cartridge, simply unscrew the cartridge from the pipe fittings at
each end and replace with a fresh cartridge. (IMPORTANT Be sure to remove
the orange plugs from the ends of the cartridge before installation). Cartridges
are available through NMT or directly from Grainger, Inc. (www.grainger.com; 1800-323-0620; part no. 6ZC63; ~$12 for a package of 2 cartridges).
“DRIERITE” Indicating Desiccant is available from VWR Scientific Products at 1800-932-5000. The 5 pound jar of desiccant catalogue number 22891-040.
Each desiccant cartridge holds 1.25 pounds. Neglecting to change the desiccant
can result in irreversible damage to the electronics.
Some agencies have fitted their detectors with custom desiccant cartridges.
Please follow your agency's maintenance recommendations.
Although the Detectors are very sturdy, they are precision electronic instruments
and should be treated as such. To minimize weight, lightweight aluminum
honeycomb is used for the Detector sides and top and bottom panels. Protect
these skins from sharp objects. Rough handling, dropping, or applying a large
weight or force can damage both the exterior and the instrumentation inside. To
avoid possible damage to the controls and to the waterproof seal at the ends of
the tunnel, the R-Series should not be stood on end, but should always be
supported on its side, top, or bottom. New R-Series Detectors have a caution
label on the top that reads: Caution! This R Detector is a delicate instrument
and can be damaged by mild mechanical shock or impact! For example,
dropping one end by 4 inches onto a hard surface can cause damage requiring
R-Series Instruction Manual
35
repair! . If you do not have one of these labels, and would like some please
contact NMT.
Magnets should not be allowed near the R-Series Detectors (no closer than a foot or
so), and never in the central tunnel.
The Diverter Gate should be thoroughly rinsed, paying special attention to the
hollow doors and the underside of the doors and beaks, which can accumulate a
considerable amount of fish slime. The bumpers on the gate doors may ”glue”
shut with fish slime or after periods of no use. Carefully “peel” the bumpers away
from the gate beak before you use the gate.
The gate is very sturdy, but it should be handled carefully to avoid bending. In
particular, the door latches require precise alignment and this can be ruined if the
unit is bent.
The R-Series detector and gate are shipped with a 12-volt DC sealed lead acid
battery and a battery charger. Recharge your 12-volt battery as needed
(instructions are with the battery charger). Disconnect the battery from the
detector or gate when not in use or when charging.
Part 6: Troubleshooting
Sensitivity Adjustment
Several situations affect the ability of the R-Series Detector to function properly.
Stray magnetic fields around the detector, movement of the entire detector in the
form of wobble or vibration, and flexing of the central tube slightly by forcing fish
into it or having live fish slap it hard all create magnetic fields which can cause
false positives. Magnetic sand and dirt particles will also affect reliability.
Stray magnetic fields are initially difficult to judge, but once seen by the
operator of the detector, will be obvious. If the detector sensitivity is normally set
at about 11:00 o'clock, to attain the 2nd and sometimes 3rd LED setting, but it is
suddenly necessary to turn down the sensitivity to achieve the same display
when at a new location or the same location with new equipment around, there is
probably equipment in the vicinity causing strong magnetic fields. This will
generate a moving magnetic field, similar to that of a tag. Depending on the
severity, it may be necessary to move either the detection equipment or the
offending electrical equipment or reroute electrical cables. Someone working
R-Series Instruction Manual
36
nearby with an electric drill or similar tool can also generate sufficient magnetic
fields to disturb the detector.
Wobble (rhythmic side to side or up and down motion) causes the Detector to
display increased noise on the LED display. If the wobble is severe enough, it will
cause the Detector to falsely signal a tag. Check a Detector mounted on a
gurney or otherwise mounted in a less than rigid manner for excessive wobble.
Wobble it to the extent that passing fish through might cause it to wobble while,
at the same time, observing the LED display. If the displayed noise is too high,
i.e.: nearing or exceeding Tag Threshold, the setup will have to be made more
rigid.
If fish are hitting the inside of the tube quite hard and causing false positives,
change how fish are fed in. Diminishing both how hard the fish hit the tube and
how much the Detector wobbles will reduce the problem. Also optimize the
speed of fish traveling through the tube to maximize the signal strength so that
the Sensitivity may be decreased.
Magnetic sand and dirt picked up on the fish from the beach or fish holds on
boats, as well as fishhooks look the same to the Detector as CWTs. The only
solution is to keep the fish as clean as possible. Place a tarpaulin under the fish
if it is necessary to put them on ground, and rinse off any sand before putting
them through the Detector. Fishhooks must be removed.
Optimizing Conditions
All of the problems discussed above should be addressed if there are any
difficulties sampling. A combination of all of them acting in a minor way may not
allow any one to be obviously notable, but the combination can cause repetitive
false signals. If the Detector is mounted as rigidly as possible, has good water
flow to minimize friction, and clean fish are fed carefully, the Detector works very
well.
Testing Sensitivity
The CWT Detection Standard (available from NMT) has a standard length tag in
the center of the "plug". Pass this through the middle of the Detector at the same
speed as fish are traveling to confirm that a CWT will cause a signal at least two
lights above threshold.
R-Series Instruction Manual
37
Alarms and Signals
Power Loss to Gate
If the Detector is powered by an attached Diverter Gate, and has healthy C-cells
installed, it will monitor the power it receives from the Gate and sound a
continuous audio alarm if the Gate stops supplying power. This helps guard
against use after power interruption or accidental disconnection of power to the
Gate (i.e., the power cord becoming unplugged). To stop the alarm, simply reset
the Detector by turning it off and back on again. Restore power to the Gate and
check that the Gate power indicator light is on before resuming operation. If the
Detector is operated without C-cells, when power is interrupted, the Detector's
bar graph LEDs go out, and there is no alarm.
Gate Latch Hook Position Alarm
If the Gate Latch Hook is manually moved out of position, an alarm will
continuously sound to warn that fish will be diverted to the wrong side. Either
toggle the direction switch or manually move the Latch Hook back to its proper
position to cure the problem.
Odd situations
On Detectors with Power Connectors that are connected to a Gate via the
Electronics Connector; if the power supply is connected to the Detector instead
of the Gate, it will cause the LEDs on the gate to be ON even with the Gate
Power switch is in the OFF position. No harm will be done, but the gate will not
be functional until the power is disconnected from the detector and is properly
connected to the Gate.
Adjustments
Gate Latch Bar Stop
There is only one user adjustable mechanism in the Detector and Gate. That is
the stop screw for the Latch Bar. When the Latch Hook is toggled to the latched
position on one side, it should move the Latch Bar off the stop screw about 1/32"
o 1/16”. Move the latch hook back and forth to see the amount of play. If the
play is more than 1/16 of an inch or less than 1/32 of an inch, then the stop
screw needs adjusting. The stop screw is adjusted by loosening the stop nut with
a 5/16” socket wrench and turning the screw either in or out with a 7/64” hex key.
One revolution of the hex key will move the latch bar approximately 1/16” off of
R-Series Instruction Manual
38
the latch hook. Retighten the lock nut, preferably with Locktite or some other
anti-vibration solution.
Part 7: Glossary
Beak:
The triangular sheet metal parts that form the top and bottom of
the gate.
Counter Sensor:
The cylindrical objects on the ends of the Counter Cable.
CWT:
Coded Wire Tag, the magnetic wire Tag the Detector is built to
detect.
CWT Plug:
A 2"+ diameter wooden plug with a full length CWT in the center
that can be used to verify Detector and Wand function.
Default position:
The position of the gate latch when no tag is present.
Desiccant:
Material used to remove water vapor from air.
Fish:
In this case it includes not only salmon but any species that will
pass through the detector tunnel and into which a CWT has been
implanted.
Gurney:
A wheeled patient stretcher.
Marked:
Fish with an external identifying mark such as a clipped adipose fin.
Noise:
Electronic and magnetic signals which are unwanted.
Stand-alone:
Detectors used without Gate and Counter
Tag:
Same as CWT above
Tag threshold:
The signal strength at which the Detector triggers the Gate and
activates the Audio alarm.
Tagged:
Anything having had a CWT implanted is "tagged."
Tube:
The central tunnel of the Detector.
Tunnel:
The central tunnel of the Detector.
Wobble:
Rhythmic side to side or up and down motion of the detector.
R-Series Instruction Manual
39
Part 8: Appendix
Daily Operation of the Detector with a Gate and Counter
The following steps should be followed before each sampling session. For
more detailed information, please see Part 4.
1.
Mount the Detector on legs, a table, or some other appropriate device that
provides a 10 to 30 degree downward slope and minimal wobble. Small
vibrations and wobbling may adversely affect performance.
2.
Be sure the Gate is securely fastened to the R-Series Detector with nuts
and bolts using the four mounting holes.
3.
Verify that the desiccant is not saturated. If the desiccant is mostly
orange or pink, replace the cartridge. Please see the Appendix for
information about desiccant options.
4.
Verify that the Cable to R Detector from the Gate is securely fastened to
the Electronics Connector on the R-Series Detector. If a Quad Counter is
attached, its power cable should be installed between the Detector
and the electronics cable from the Gate. See: Part 3: Equipment
Setup; Quad Counter cable connections.
5.
Connect power to the Gate. If the battery pack is being used, the red
battery clip should be attached to the positive (+) battery terminal and the
black battery clip attached to the negative (-) battery terminal. If the 120volt power supply is used with an extension cord, it is recommend that
the connection to the extension cord be made inside the battery box,
with the lid strapped on, to reduce the possibility of the connection lying
in water, and to better insure that it will not be accidentally disconnected.
6.
Confirm that the doors are not "glued shut" with dried fish slime. Do not
yank the door open. Rather "peel" the bumper away from the beak.
Be gentle with the rubber bumpers. They are easily damaged.
7.
Turn the Gate power on.
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40
8.
Toggle the "Direction" switch several times to initialize the gate
microprocessor. After toggling the switch, the latch hook should be
toggling to either side.
9.
Confirm the Counter is connected and functioning correctly by opening
each gate door manually and observing the change in the counter. This
will require toggling the gate switch.
A. Confirm that counts appear on the correct display. Switch sensors to the
opposite side if necessary.
B. The Counter Cable to the gate should be connected to the single Counter
or in the case of the Quad Counter, to the rear of the Quad Counter Switch
Box.
C. The Counter Sensors should be fully inserted in their brackets (and
secured with keeper springs, if so equipped).
D. If equipped with a Quad Counter, check that counts go to the appropriate
upper or lower Counter.
10.
Establish the direction to which untagged fish should be diverted. Set the
direction switch so the unlatched door is on the side to which
untagged fish are to be diverted.
11.
Remove all tools and paraphernalia from the top of the detector.
12.
If available, turn on water and establish a flow through the detector so that
most of the tunnel’s bottom surface is wet.
13.
Turn on the Detector with the "Power" switch. The LED bar graph will first
display a bar representing the energy left in the C-cells if so equipped. It
will then retract to the left for several seconds while the microcomputer
initializes itself. Approximately 15 or 20 seconds after turning on the
power, the display will start showing the strength of detected magnetic
signals. If the detector does not have C-cells, the “Low Bat LED” on the
gate box will light if the 12 volt battery is low.
14.
If used without a Diverter Gate, i.e., "stand-alone" and the "Low Battery" or
"Dead Battery" LED is on, replace the c-cells with two fresh alkaline c-cells
or recharge the external battery, if so equipped.
R-Series Instruction Manual
41
15.
Adjust the "Detector Sensitivity" so that the second and sometimes third
LED in the bar graph is illuminated. Pass a CWT through the detector at
about 10 feet/second (3 meters/second) to confirm that this causes a
strong signal well above threshold. See Part 4 for more detailed
information.
16.
New users should always experiment with the Detector's response to tags
moving at different speeds. Tagged fish must pass through the middle of
the detector at not less than 5 feet/second (1.5 meters/second). It is not
advisable to increase the sensitivity setting to accommodate slower fish,
since this may cause false positives.
17.
Set the "Delay" to the minimum (fully counterclockwise).
18.
Set the "Duration" to the maximum (fully clockwise).
19.
Fine Tuning: For fastest sampling with a Diverter Gate, the "Delay" must
be increased to the point that the latch switches just before the fish
reaches the door, and the "Duration" decreased to the minimum time
necessary for proper diversion of fish. Feeding the detector at intervals
of less than 1 second between fish may cause improper diversion
and counting. Please refer to Part 4, Detailed Operating Procedures for
more information.
R-Series Instruction Manual
42
Daily Operation of the Detector without a Gate and Counter
The following steps should be followed before each sampling
session. For more detailed information, please see Part 4.
1.
Mount the Detector on legs, a table, or some other appropriate device that
provides a 10 to 30 degree downward slope and minimal wobble. Small
vibrations and wobbling may adversely affect performance.
2.
Verify that the desiccant is not saturated. If the desiccant is mostly
orange or pink, replace the cartridge. Please see the Appendix for
information about desiccant options.
3.
Provide the detector with power. Confirm the detector has C-cells if so
equipped. Otherwise, connect the power cable to the "Power Connector"
on the rear panel. If the battery pack is being used, the red battery clip
should be attached to the positive (+) battery terminal and the black
battery clip attached to the negative (-) battery terminal. If the 120-volt
power supply is used with an extension cord, it is recommend that the
connection to the extension cord be made inside the battery box,
with the lid strapped on. This will reduce the possibility of the connection
lying in water, and will better insure that it will not be accidentally
disconnected.
4.
Remove all tools and paraphernalia from the top of the detector.
5.
If available, turn on water and establish a flow of water through the
detector so that most of the tunnel’s bottom surface is wet.
6.
Turn on the Detector with the "Power" switch. The LED bar graph will first
display a bar representing the energy left in the C-cells or the battery pack.
It will then retract to the left for several seconds while the microcomputer
initializes itself. Approximately 15 to 20 seconds after turning on the
power, the display will start showing the strength of detected magnetic
signals.
7.
If the "Low Battery" or "Dead Battery" LED is on, replace the C-cells with
two fresh alkaline c-cells or recharge the external battery, if so equipped.
(Cont.)
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8.
Adjust the "Detector Sensitivity" so that the second and sometimes third
LED in the bar graph is illuminated. Pass a CWT through the detector at
about 10 feet/second (3 meters/second) to confirm that this causes a
strong signal well above threshold. See Part 4 of the User's Manual for
more detailed information.
9.
New users should always experiment with the Detector's response to tags
moving at different speeds. Tagged fish must pass through the middle of
the detector at not less than 5 feet/second (1.5 meters/second). It is not
advisable to increase the sensitivity setting to accommodate slower fish,
since this may cause false positives.
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Detector Specifications
Dimensions:
The tunnels in the R8000 and R9500 are approximately rectangular.
The R8000 tunnel’s inside dimensions are 4 inches (10.2 cm) high and 7 7/8 inches
(20.0 cm) wide. The detector itself is 15 ½ inches wide (39.4 cm), 11 7/8 inches high
(30.2 cm), and 41 3/8 inches long (1.05m). The detector alone weighs 64 pounds (29
kg).
The 9500 tunnel’s inside dimensions are 4 5/8 inches (11.7 cm) high and 9.5 inches
(24.1 cm) wide. The detector itself is 17 1/8 inches wide (43.5 cm), 13 inches high
(33.0 cm), and 48 1/2 inches long (41.37 m). The detector alone weighs 98 pounds
(44.5 kg).
Power Consumption
The detector draws 35 mA @ 5volts dc at rest. With all LEDs lit, and audio alarm
sounding, it draws 124 mA max. If a gate is attached and the detector is at rest, the
detectors draw 32 mA.
The gate alone draws 13 mA at rest.
Wiring of Power Connector
The Power Connector on the rear panel of the detector has four pins. The power cable
from either the NMT R-Series Power supply or the battery pack attaches to this
connector when a gate is not in use.
Pin 1 = empty
Pin 2 = the supplied voltage (6 to 40 volts dc), if using the supplied 12 volt
battery it would be +12 volts dc
Pin three = empty
Pin 4 = ground
Wiring of Electronics Connector
The Electronics Connector on the rear panel of the detector has four pins. The Cable
to R Detector from the gate attaches to this connector.
Pin 1 = the Signal to the gate
Pin 2 = tachometer (for use with conveyor belt)
Pin 3 = +5 volts (from gate)
Pin 4 = ground
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R-Series Instruction Manual
46
Cleaning and Disinfecting of Equipment
Soaps
Sudbury Bilge Cleaner and Bio-Clean from VWR are two soaps that have been
found to work well. Follow the directions provided with the product. Contact NMT
for ordering information if you are unable to find these products.
Disinfecting Equipment
Chlorine solutions are recommended for use as disinfectants on detection
equipment. Common sources of chlorine are calcium hypochlorite ("HTH") and
solutions of sodium hypochlorite ("bleach"). Household bleach comes in a
concentration of about 5%, so to achieve the desired solution of 200 ppm, one
would dilute one ounce (2 tablespoons, 1/8 cup, or 32 ml) of bleach in 2 gallons
(8 liters) of water (a ratio of 1:250). Stronger chlorine solutions than bleach may
be available at fish rearing facilities. These solutions would require greater
dilution.
Calcium hypochlorite and sodium hypochlorite ("bleach") are both highly toxic to
fish but excess solution can be neutralized for disposal by adding sodium
thiosulfate or sodium sulfite to the solution. As a "rule of thumb," if a five percent
solution of these chlorine compounds is used as a disinfectant, adding an equal
weight of either sodium thiosulfate or sodium sulfite can neutralize them. For
further information on disinfecting of equipment, see NMT protocol sheet
“Disinfection of Coded Wire Tagging Equipment”, found on our web site
www.nmt.us.
Optional accessories from NMT and others
Feed funnel, Fiberglass, aluminum, cut buckets,.
Adjustable legs
Gurney
Custom built feed tables
Other Gates
Conveyor Belt Usage
The R-Series Detectors have been successfully installed in conveyor belt fish
processing lines, some running up to 3 meters per second.
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47
The electronics connector allows input to the Detector of belt speed information
to optimize sensitivity to belt speed and also automatically alter gate delay and
duration depending on belt speed.
Contact NMT for further information regarding installing this equipment in a
conveyor belt system.
Use of R-Series Detector in a Flume
While the R-Series Detectors are not submersible, they may be plumbed directly
into a flume with the seal made at the central tunnel, leaving the enclosure in air.
The gate signal may then be used to operate a hydraulic or pneumatic gate
downstream.
Please contact NMT for further information.
Other Tag Detection Methods and Equipment
The R-Series Detector is designed to detect the presence of CWTs in large fish
or bulk samples that pass through the central tunnel. Also available are both a
Wand detector, which detects a CWT when the wand end is waved over a
tagged fish, and a Portable Sampling Device or PSD (formerly called the Field
Sampling Device or FSD), which detects CWTs in fish or other samples when
they are waved close to the surface of the device.
Shipping Detectors for Repair or Relocation
R-Series Detectors have been damaged through routine handling by some
freight carriers. It is not uncommon for detectors in transit cases to be rolled,
dropped, and moved by tumbling end over end. PLEASE DO NOT DO ANY OF
THESE THINGS. Their internal structure is not designed to handle these
stresses.
Please call NMT for shipping directions. We know freight companies and
packaging methods that will prevent damage during shipping and handling.
Ship detectors with the desiccant cartridge in the tunnel but still attached with the
hose to the vent barb. Remove the brackets from the rear of the detector.
R-Series Instruction Manual
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Equipment Lists and Weights
R-Series Detector
R- Series Detector
Accessories:
‰ Front handle with grip
‰ Rear handle with grip
‰ CWT Plug
‰ 8 ¼-20X3/4 ss hex cap screws
‰ 8 ¼-20 ss nylon insert nuts
‰ 12 volt rechargeable battery
‰ Battery cable
‰ Jerome 15v power supply
‰ Battery charger
‰ Battery charger cables
‰ Battery box
‰ Sealed battery box lid
‰ Battery box strap
‰ Desiccant Assembly
‰ User’s Manual
‰ Quick Start Sheet for Detector without Gate
‰ Flyer “Disinfection of Coded Wire Tagging Equipment”
Optional accessories:
‰ R8000 transit case
‰ R9500 legs
‰ R8000 legs
Accessories weight = 18.8 lb, (8.5 kg).
R9500 Detector weight = 98 lb, (44.5 kg).
Approximate shipping weight with accessories = 142.2 lb, (64.5 kg).
R8000 Detector weight = 64 lb, (29 kg).
Approximate shipping weight with accessories = 106.2 lb, (48.2 kg).
R8000 Detector in transit case with accessories;
approximate shipping weight = 130.2 lb, (59.1 kg).
‰
Gate with Dual Counter
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
R-Series Gate
Dual Counter with mounting brackets attached
Counter cable
6 ¼-20X3/4 ss hex cap screws (four for mounting counter to handle, two for
mounting gate to detector)
6 ¼-20 ss nylon insert nuts
Quick Start Sheet for Detector with Gate
R-Series Gate with accessories = 12.6 lb, (5.7 kg).
Approximate shipping weight = 18 lb (8.78 kg).
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49
Quad Counter
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Quad Counter Switch Box
Dual Counter
Double Foot Switch
Tall front handle with grip
2 half handle brackets
4 ¼-20X3/4 ss hex cap screws (for mounting the dual counter to the half
handles)
4 ¼-20 ss nylon insert nuts
Quad Counter with accessories = 6.4 lb, (2.9 kg).
Approximate shipping weight = 11.5 lb, (5.6 kg).
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Contacting Northwest Marine Technology
NMT strives to provide the highest quality tagging systems for research and
management. We offer free consultation on the suitability of available methods for
specific purposes.
Corporate Office
For information on prices, delivery times, and for assistance on any questions or
problems relating to our equipment for use in any location outside of Europe, Africa and
Asia please contact our main office:
Northwest Marine Technology
Corporate Office
P.O. Box 427, Ben Nevis Loop Road
Shaw Island, WA 98286
U.S.A.
Telephone:
E-mail:
Support:
Web Site:
(360) 468-3375, FAX: (360) 468-3844
office@nmt.us
techsupport@nmt.us
http://www.nmt.us
Biological Services
For biological questions relating to the suitability of methods for various species and life
stages, please contact our biological services office:
Northwest Marine Technology
Biological Services
955 Malin Lane SW
Tumwater, WA 98501
U.S.A.
Telephone:
E-mail:
(360) 596-9400, FAX: (360) 596-9400
biology@nmt.us
Europe and Africa
For general inquiries, including those relating to biology and fisheries management, and
orders for equipment and supplies to be used in Europe and Africa, please contact:
Dr. David Solomon
Northwest Marine Technology
Foundry Farm, Kiln Lane, Redlynch
Salisbury, Wilts, SP5 23HT
Great Britain
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51
Telephone:
E-mail:
+44-1725-512523, FAX: +44-1725-512964
david.solomon@nmt.us
Asia
For orders and inquires on equipment and supplies to be used in Asia, please contact:
Mr. Yong Huang
Tanaka Sanjiro Company, Ltd. \ Northwest Marine Technology
5007 Chambers Creek Lp SE
Olympia, WA 98501
U.S.A.
Telephone: (425) 455-4731, FAX: (425) 455-4814
E-mail: yong.huang@nmt.us
South or Central America
For inquiries, and orders for equipment and supplies from South or Central America
please contact our representative:
Northwest Marine Technology
Corporate Office
P.O. Box 427, Ben Nevis Loop Road
Shaw Island, WA 98286
U.S.A.
Telephone:
E-mail:
Support:
Web Site:
(360) 468-3375, FAX: (360) 468-3844
office@nmt.us
techsupport@nmt.us
http://www.nmt.us
R-Series Instruction Manual
52
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