Saturn VUE Green Line Hybrid 2009 Specifications

2009 Saturn VUE Green Line Hybrid Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint
System ............................... 1-1
Head Restraints
.............. 1-2
Front Seats
.................... 1-3
Rear Seats
.................... 1-9
Safety Belts .................. 1-10
Child Restraints ............. 1-22
Airbag System
.............. 1-41
Restraint System
Check
...................... 1-56
Features and Controls ...... 2-1
Keys
............................. 2-2
Doors and Locks
............ 2-6
Windows ........................ 2-9
Theft-Deterrent
Systems
................... 2-10
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
............. 2-14
Mirrors ......................... 2-27
OnStar® System ............ 2-29
Universal Home Remote
System ..................... 2-32
Storage Areas ............... 2-37
Instrument Panel ............... 3-1
Instrument Panel
Overview
.................... 3-4
Climate Controls ............ 3-17
Warning Lights, Gages,
and Indicators ............ 3-22
Driver Information
Center (DIC)
............. 3-36
Audio System(s) ............ 3-56
Driving Your Vehicle ......... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road,
and the Vehicle
........... 4-1
Towing
........................ 4-22
Service and
Appearance Care ............... 5-1
Service .......................... 5-3
Fuel
.............................. 5-5
Checking Things Under
the Hood
.................... 5-9
Headlamp Aiming
.......... 5-33
Bulb Replacement
......... 5-35
M
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
.............
Tires
...........................
Appearance Care
..........
Vehicle Identification
......
Electrical System ...........
Capacities and
Specifications
............
5-38
5-38
5-66
5-74
5-74
5-81
Maintenance Schedule ...... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule
..... 6-1
Customer Assistance
Information ........................ 7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
................. 7-1
Reporting Safety
Defects ..................... 7-12
Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy ............... 7-14
Index ....................................i-1
ii
Preface
SATURN, the SATURN Emblem,
and the name VUE are registered
trademarks of Saturn Corporation.
GENERAL MOTORS and GM
are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest
information at the time it was
printed. Saturn reserves the right to
make changes after that time
without further notice.
Read this manual from beginning to
end to learn about the vehicle’s
features and controls. Pictures,
symbols, and words work together
to explain vehicle operation.
Propriétaires Canadiens
Keep this manual in the vehicle for
quick reference.
Helm Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
helminc.com
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this
manual can be obtained from your
dealer/retailer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
helminc.com
This manual describes features that
may or may not be on your
specific vehicle.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25814240 A First Printing
©
On peut obtenir un exemplaire de
ce guide en français auprès de
concessionnaire ou à l’adresse
suivante:
About Driving Your
Vehicle
As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle
correctly may result in loss of control
or an accident. Be sure to read
the “on-pavement” and “off-road”
driving guidelines which follow in this
manual in the section called “Your
Driving, the Road, and Your
Vehicle”.
2008 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Preface
Index
To quickly locate information about
the vehicle use the Index in the
back of the manual. It is an
alphabetical list of what is in the
manual and the page number where
it can be found.
Safety Warnings and
Symbols
{ CAUTION
These mean there is something
that could hurt you or other
people.
Cautions tell what the hazard is and
what to do to avoid or reduce the
hazard. Read these cautions.
A notice tells about something that
can damage the vehicle.
Notice: These mean there is
something that could damage
your vehicle.
A circle with a slash through it is a
safety symbol which means “Do
Not,” “Do not do this” or “Do not let
this happen.”
Many times, this damage would not
be covered by the vehicle’s
warranty, and it could be costly. The
notice tells what to do to help
avoid the damage.
A box with the word CAUTION is
used to tell about things that
could hurt you or others if you were
to ignore the warning.
There are also warning labels on
the vehicle which use the same
words, CAUTION or Notice.
iii
Vehicle Symbols
The vehicle has components and
labels that use symbols instead
of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific
component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
M : This symbol is shown when
you need to see your owner manual
for additional instructions or
information.
* : This symbol is shown when
you need to see a service manual
for additional instructions or
information.
iv
Preface
Vehicle Symbol Chart
Here are some additional symbols
that may be found on the vehicle
and what they mean. For more
information on the symbol, refer to
the index.
B:
Engine Coolant Temperature
>:
Safety Belt Reminders
O:
Exterior Lamps
7:
Tire Pressure Monitor
#:
Fog Lamps
F:
Traction Control
M:
.:
Fuel Gage
9:
Airbag Readiness Light
+:
Fuses
#:
Air Conditioning
!:
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
i : Headlamp High/Low-Beam
Changer
g : Audio Steering Wheel
Controls or OnStar®
j:
*:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
$:
::
Oil Pressure
":
I:
Brake System Warning Light
Charging System
Cruise Control
LATCH System Child Restraints
}:
Power
/:
Remote Vehicle Start
Windshield Washer Fluid
Seats and Restraint System
Seats and
Restraint System
Lap-Shoulder Belt .............1-17
Safety Belt Use During
Pregnancy .......................1-22
Safety Belt Extender .........1-22
Child Restraints
Head Restraints
Head Restraints ..................1-2
Front Seats
Manual Seats .....................1-3
Seat Height Adjuster ...........1-4
Power Seat ........................1-4
Manual Lumbar ..................1-5
Heated Seats .....................1-5
Reclining Seatbacks ...........1-5
Passenger Folding
Seatback ...........................1-7
Rear Seats
Split Folding Rear Seat ......1-9
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are
for Everyone ...................1-10
How to Wear Safety
Belts Properly ..................1-13
Older Children ..................1-22
Infants and Young
Children ..........................1-25
Child Restraint Systems ....1-27
Where to Put the
Restraint .........................1-29
Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children
(LATCH) ..........................1-31
Securing a Child
Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ...................1-36
Securing a Child
Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position .........1-38
Airbag System
Airbag System ..................1-41
Where Are the Airbags? ...1-44
When Should an Airbag
Inflate? ............................1-45
1-1
What Makes an Airbag
Inflate? ............................1-47
How Does an Airbag
Restrain? ........................1-47
What Will You See After
an Airbag Inflates? ..........1-48
Passenger Sensing
System ............................1-49
Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ............................1-54
Adding Equipment to
Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ............................1-55
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint
Systems ..........................1-56
Replacing Restraint
System Parts After a
Crash ..............................1-57
1-2
Seats and Restraint System
Head Restraints
The front and rear seats have
adjustable head restraints in the
outboard seating positions.
{ CAUTION
With head restraints that are not
installed and adjusted properly,
there is a greater chance that
occupants will suffer a neck/spinal
injury in a crash. Do not drive until
the head restraints for all
occupants are installed and
adjusted properly.
Adjust the head restraint so that the
top of the restraint is at the same
height as the top of the occupant’s
head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Pull the head restraint up to
raise it. To lower the head restraint,
press the button, located on the
top of the seatback, and push the
restraint down.
Push down on the head restraint
after the button is released to make
sure that it is locked in place.
The head restraints are not
designed to be removed.
Seats and Restraint System
Active Head Restraint System
The vehicle has an active head
restraint system in the front outboard
seating positions. The active head
restraints automatically tilt forward to
reduce the risk of neck injury if
the vehicle is hit from behind.
Front Seats
1-3
To move a manual seat forward or
rearward:
Manual Seats
{ CAUTION
You can lose control of the
vehicle if you try to adjust a
manual driver’s seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a
pedal when you do not want to.
Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1. Lift the bar to unlock the seat.
2. Slide the seat to the desired
position and release the bar.
Try to move the seat with your body
to be sure the seat is locked in
place.
1-4
Seats and Restraint System
Seat Height Adjuster
Power Seat
a:
To adjust the seat:
Raise or lower the front or rear part
of the seat cushion.
If the vehicle has a manual driver
seat height adjuster, it is located on
the outboard side of the seat
near the front of the seat cushion.
To raise the seat, move the
lever upward repeatedly until the
seat is at the desired height.
To lower the seat, move the lever
downward repeatedly until the
seat is at the desired height.
Move the seat forward or rearward.
Seats and Restraint System
Manual Lumbar
M (Heated Seat): Press this
button to turn on the heated seat.
The indicator light on the button
shows that the feature is on and the
level of heat, three being the
highest. Press the button to choose
the level of heat.
The passenger seat may take
longer to heat up.
1-5
{ CAUTION
If either seatback is not locked, it
could move forward in a sudden
stop or crash. That could cause
injury to the person sitting there.
Always push and pull on the
seatbacks to be sure they are
locked.
Reclining Seatbacks
If the vehicle has this feature, the
knob is located on the inboard
side of the driver seatback.
Turn the knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or
decrease the lumbar support.
Heated Seats
On vehicles with heated front seats
the controls are located on the center
console. The engine must be running
to operate the heated seats.
Manual Reclining Seatbacks
{ CAUTION
You can lose control of the
vehicle if you try to adjust a
manual driver’s seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a
pedal when you do not want to.
Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
On seats with manual reclining
seatbacks, the lever used to operate
them is located on the outboard
side of the seat.
1-6
Seats and Restraint System
To recline the seatback:
Power Reclining Seatbacks
1. Lift the recline lever.
2. Move the seatback to the desired
position, then release the lever to
lock the seatback in place.
Sitting in a reclined position when
your vehicle is in motion can be
dangerous. Even if you buckle up,
your safety belts cannot do their
job when you are reclined like this.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to
make sure it is locked.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job.
In a crash, you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
To return the seatback to an upright
position:
1. Lift the lever fully without
applying pressure to the
seatback and the seatback
returns to the upright position.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to
make sure it is locked.
{ CAUTION
If the seats have power reclining
seatbacks, the control used to
recline them is located on the
outboard side of the seat.
• To recline the seatback, tilt the
top of the control rearward.
• To bring the seatback forward, tilt
the top of the control forward.
The lap belt cannot do its job
either. In a crash the belt could go
up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your
pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the
vehicle is in motion, have the
seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear your
safety belt properly.
Seats and Restraint System
Passenger Folding
Seatback
The front passenger seatback may
fold flat.
{ CAUTION
Do not have a seatback reclined if
the vehicle is moving.
If you fold the seatback forward to
carry longer objects, such as skis,
be sure any such cargo is not
near an airbag. In a crash, an
inflating airbag might force that
object toward a person. This
could cause severe injury or even
death. Secure objects away from
the area in which an airbag would
inflate. For more information, see
Where Are the Airbags? on
page 1-44 and Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-18.
1-7
{ CAUTION
Things you put on this seatback
can strike and injure people in a
sudden stop or turn, or in a crash.
Remove or secure all items
before driving.
To fold the seatback:
1. Lower the head restraint all
the way.
2. Lift the bar under the front of the
seat to unlock it. Slide the seat
as far back as it will go and
release the bar. Try to move the
seat back and forth to make
sure it is locked into place.
1-8
Seats and Restraint System
To raise the seatback:
1. Lift the recliner lever, located on
the outboard side of the seat, up
fully and push up on the
seatback.
2. Continue raising the seatback
until the seatback re-engages.
3. Lift the recliner lever, located on
the outboard side of the seat, up
fully and fold the seatback
forward until it disengages.
4. Continue to fold the seat forward
into the folded position.
5. Pull up on the seatback to be
sure it is locked.
{ CAUTION
If either seatback is not locked, it
could move forward in a sudden
stop or crash. That could cause
injury to the person sitting there.
Always push and pull on the
seatbacks to be sure they are
locked.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to
make sure it is locked in place.
The recliner lever is also used to
recline the seatback while a
passenger is seated. See Reclining
Seatbacks on page 1-5.
Seats and Restraint System
Rear Seats
Split Folding Rear Seat
The rear split bench seatbacks can
be folded forward, upright, or
partially reclined, independent of the
other seatback position.
{ CAUTION
If either seatback is not locked, it
could move forward in a sudden
stop or crash. That could cause
injury to the person sitting there.
Always push and pull on the
seatbacks to be sure they are
locked.
1-9
{ CAUTION
A safety belt that is improperly
routed, not properly attached, or
twisted will not provide the
protection needed in a crash. The
person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the
rear seatback, always check to be
sure that the safety belts are
properly routed and attached, and
are not twisted.
To fold the seatback down:
Notice: Folding a rear seat with
the safety belts still fastened may
cause damage to the seat or the
safety belts. Always unbuckle the
safety belts and return them to
their normal stowed position
before folding a rear seat.
1. Unbuckle all three safety belts
and put the front seatback in
an upright position.
2. Lift the lever located on the top
of the seatback to release the
seatback and fold the seatback
forward.
To recline the seatback:
1. Lift and hold the lever located on
top of the seatback.
2. Tilt the seatback rearward, then
release the lever.
1-10
Seats and Restraint System
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are
for Everyone
This section of the manual describes
how to use safety belts properly.
It also describes some things not to
do with safety belts.
{ CAUTION
Do not let anyone ride where a
safety belt cannot be worn
properly. In a crash, if you or your
passenger(s) are not wearing
safety belts, the injuries can be
much worse. You can hit things
inside the vehicle harder or be
ejected from the vehicle. You and
your passenger(s) can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash,
you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your
passenger(s) are restrained
properly too.
{ CAUTION
It is extremely dangerous to ride
in a cargo area, inside or outside
of a vehicle. In a collision, people
riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride
in any area of your vehicle that is
not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in
your vehicle is in a seat and using
a safety belt properly.
This vehicle has indicators as a
reminder to buckle the safety belts.
See Safety Belt Reminders on
page 3-24 for additional information.
In most states and in all Canadian
provinces, the law requires
wearing safety belts. Here is why:
You never know if you will be
in a crash. If you do have a crash,
you do not know if it will be a
serious one.
A few crashes are mild, and some
crashes can be so serious that even
buckled up, a person would not
survive. But most crashes are
in between. In many of them, people
who buckle up can survive and
sometimes walk away. Without
safety belts they could have been
badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety
belts in vehicles, the facts are clear.
In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Seats and Restraint System
1-11
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything,
you go as fast as it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose
it is just a seat on wheels.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the
vehicle. The rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until
stopped by something. In a real
vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-12
Seats and Restraint System
With safety belts, you slow down as
the vehicle does. You get more
time to stop. You stop over more
distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why
safety belts make such good sense.
Questions and Answers
About Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle
after a crash if I am wearing a
safety belt?
or the instrument panel...
A: You could be — whether you are
wearing a safety belt or not. But
your chance of being conscious
during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is
much greater if you are belted.
And you can unbuckle a safety
belt, even if you are upside down.
or the safety belts!
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why
should I have to wear safety
belts?
A: Airbags are supplemental
systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of
them. Whether or not an airbag
is provided, all occupants
still have to buckle up to get the
most protection. That is true
not only in frontal collisions, but
especially in side and other
collisions.
Seats and Restraint System
Q: If I am a good driver, and I
never drive far from home,
why should I wear safety
belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver,
but if you are in a crash — even
one that is not your fault — you
and your passenger(s) can be
hurt. Being a good driver does not
protect you from things beyond
your control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within
25 miles (40 km) of home. And
the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur
at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly
This section is only for people of
adult size.
1-13
First, before you or your
passenger(s) wear a safety belt,
there is important information
you should know.
Be aware that there are special
things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are
different rules for smaller children
and infants. If a child will be riding in
the vehicle, see Older Children on
page 1-22 or Infants and Young
Children on page 1-25. Follow those
rules for everyone’s protection.
It is very important for all occupants
to buckle up. Statistics show that
unbelted people are hurt more often
in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Occupants who are not buckled up
can be thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are
wearing safety belts.
Sit up straight and always keep your
feet on the floor in front of you.
The lap part of the belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash,
this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones and you would be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If
you slid under it, the belt would
apply force on your abdomen. This
could cause serious or even
1-14
Seats and Restraint System
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts
of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The shoulder belt locks if there is a
sudden stop or crash.
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously hurt if your
shoulder belt is too loose. In a
crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase
injury. The shoulder belt should fit
snugly against your body.
You can be seriously hurt if your
lap belt is too loose. In a crash,
you could slide under the lap belt
and apply force on your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The lap belt should
be worn low and snug on the
hips, just touching the thighs.
Q: What is wrong with this?
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It
will not give as much protection
this way.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will
not give nearly as much
protection this way.
Seats and Restraint System
Q: What is wrong with this?
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong
1-15
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured if
your belt is buckled in the wrong
place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there,
not on the pelvic bones. This
could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt
into the buckle nearest you.
You can be seriously injured if
your belt goes over an armrest
like this. The belt would be much
too high. In a crash, you can slide
under the belt. The belt force
would then be applied on the
abdomen, not on the pelvic
bones, and that could cause
serious or fatal injuries. Be sure
the belt goes under the armrests.
Q: What is wrong with this?
buckle.
A: The belt is over an armrest.
1-16
Seats and Restraint System
Q: What is wrong with this?
A: The shoulder belt is worn under
the arm. It should be worn over
the shoulder at all times.
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured if
you wear the shoulder belt under
your arm. In a crash, your body
would move too far forward, which
would increase the chance of
head and neck injury. Also, the
belt would apply too much force
to the ribs, which are not as
strong as shoulder bones. You
could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
The shoulder belt should go over
the shoulder and across the
chest.
Q: What is wrong with this?
A: The belt is behind the body.
Seats and Restraint System
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured by
not wearing the lap-shoulder belt
properly. In a crash, you would
not be restrained by the shoulder
belt. Your body could move too
far forward increasing the chance
of head and neck injury. You
might also slide under the lap
belt. The belt force would then be
applied right on the abdomen.
That could cause serious or fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across
the chest.
Q: What is wrong with this?
1-17
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All seating positions in the vehicle
have a lap-shoulder belt.
The following instructions explain
how to wear a lap-shoulder belt
properly.
1. Adjust the seat, if the seat is
adjustable, so you can sit up
straight. To see how, see “Seats”
in the Index.
A: The belt is twisted across
the body.
{ CAUTION
You can be seriously injured by a
twisted belt. In a crash, you would
not have the full width of the belt
to spread impact forces. If a belt
is twisted, make it straight so it
can work properly, or ask your
dealer/retailer to fix it.
2. Pick up the latch plate and pull
the belt across you. Do not let
it get twisted.
1-18
Seats and Restraint System
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if
you pull the belt across you
very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to
unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
If the shoulder portion of a
passenger belt is pulled out all
the way, the child restraint
locking feature may be engaged.
If this happens, let the belt go
back all the way and start again.
Engaging the child restraint
locking feature in the right front
seating position may affect
the passenger sensing system.
See Passenger Sensing
System on page 1-49 for more
information.
Adjustment” later in this section
for instructions on use and
important safety information.
3. Push the latch plate into the
buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to
make sure it is secure. If the belt
is not long enough, see Safety
Belt Extender on page 1-22.
Position the release button on
the buckle so that the safety belt
could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
4. If equipped with a shoulder belt
height adjuster, move it to the
height that is right for you.
See “Shoulder Belt Height
5. To make the lap part tight, pull
up on the shoulder belt.
It may be necessary to pull the
stitching on the safety belt
through the latch plate to fully
tighten the lap belt on smaller
occupants.
Seats and Restraint System
1-19
Before a door is closed, be sure the
safety belt is out of the way. If a
door is slammed against a safety
belt, damage can occur to both the
safety belt and the vehicle.
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
The vehicle has a shoulder belt
height adjuster for the driver
and right front passenger seating
positions.
To unlatch the belt, push the button
on the buckle. The belt should
return to its stowed position. Slide
the latch plate up the safety
belt webbing when the safety belt is
not in use. The latch plate should
rest on the stitching on the
safety belt, near the guide loop on
the side wall.
Adjust the height so that the
shoulder portion of the belt is
centered on the shoulder. The belt
should be away from the face
and neck, but not falling off of the
shoulder. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce
the effectiveness of the safety
belt in a crash.
Squeeze the release buttons (A)
together and move the height
adjuster up or down to the desired
position.
After the adjuster is set to the
desired position, try to move it up or
down without squeezing the release
buttons to make sure it has locked
into position.
1-20
Seats and Restraint System
Safety Belt Pretensioners
This vehicle has safety belt
pretensioners for the front outboard
occupants. Although the safety
belt pretensioners cannot be seen,
they are part of the safety belt
assembly. They can help tighten the
safety belts during the early
stages of a moderate to severe
frontal, near frontal, or rear crash if
the threshold conditions for
pretensioner activation are met.
And, for vehicles with side impact
airbags, safety belt pretensioners
can help tighten the safety belts in a
side crash or a rollover event.
Pretensioners work only once. If the
pretensioners activate in a crash,
they will need to be replaced,
and probably other new parts for the
vehicle’s safety belt system. See
Replacing Restraint System
Parts After a Crash on page 1-57.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides
may provide added safety belt
comfort for older children who have
outgrown booster seats and for
some adults. When installed on a
shoulder belt, the comfort guide
positions the shoulder belt away
from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each
outboard passenger position in the
rear seat. Here is how to install
a comfort guide to the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its
storage location, which is a
pocket on the side of the seat.
2. Place the guide over the belt and
insert the two edges of the belt
into the slots of the guide.
Seats and Restraint System
1-21
{ CAUTION
A safety belt that is not properly
worn may not provide the
protection needed in a crash. The
person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts
of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
3. Be sure that the belt is not
twisted and it lies flat. The elastic
cord must be under the belt
and the guide on top.
4. Buckle, position, and release the
safety belt as described
previously in this section. Make
sure that the shoulder belt
crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort
guide, squeeze the belt edges
together so that the safety belt can
be removed from the guide.
Store the comfort guide in its
storage location, which is a pocket
on the side of the seat.
1-22
Seats and Restraint System
Safety Belt Use During
Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone,
including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely
to be seriously injured if they do not
wear safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to
protect the mother. When a safety
belt is worn properly, it is more likely
that the fetus will not be hurt in a
crash. For pregnant women, as for
anyone, the key to making safety
belts effective is wearing them
properly.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
If the safety belt will fasten around
you, you should use it.
A pregnant woman should wear a
lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout
the pregnancy.
But if a safety belt is not long
enough, your dealer/retailer will
order you an extender. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest
coat you will wear, so the extender
will be long enough for you. To
help avoid personal injury, do not let
someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. The
extender has been designed for
adults. Never use it for securing
child seats. To wear it, attach it to
the regular safety belt. For more
information, see the instruction
sheet that comes with the extender.
Older children who have outgrown
booster seats should wear the
vehicle’s safety belts.
Seats and Restraint System
The manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the booster seat, state
the weight and height limitations for
that booster. Use a booster seat
with a lap-shoulder belt until
the child passes the below fit test:
• Sit all the way back on the
seat. Do the knees bend at the
seat edge? If yes, continue.
If no, return to the booster seat.
• Buckle the lap-shoulder
belt. Does the shoulder belt rest
on the shoulder? If yes,
continue. If no, try using the rear
safety belt comfort guide. See
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides” under Lap-Shoulder Belt
on page 1-17 for more
information. If the shoulder belt
still does not rest on the shoulder,
then return to the booster seat.
• Does the lap belt fit low and snug
on the hips, touching the thighs?
If yes, continue. If no, return
to the booster seat.
• Can proper safety belt fit be
maintained for the length of
the trip? If yes, continue. If no,
return to the booster seat.
Q: What is the proper way to
wear safety belts?
A: An older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the
additional restraint a shoulder
belt can provide. The shoulder
belt should not cross the face or
neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just
touching the top of the thighs.
This applies belt force to
the child’s pelvic bones in a
crash. It should never be worn
over the abdomen, which
could cause severe or even fatal
internal injuries in a crash.
1-23
Also see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides” under Lap-Shoulder Belt
on page 1-17.
According to accident statistics,
children and infants are safer when
properly restrained in a child
restraint system or infant restraint
system secured in a rear seating
position.
In a crash, children who are not
buckled up can strike other people
who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older
children need to use safety
belts properly.
1-24
Seats and Restraint System
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Never do this.
Never do this.
Never allow two children to wear
the same safety belt. The safety
belt can not properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two
children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A safety
belt must be used by only one
person at a time.
Never allow a child to wear the
safety belt with the shoulder belt
behind their back. A child can be
seriously injured by not wearing
the lap-shoulder belt properly. In a
crash, the child would not be
restrained by the shoulder belt.
The child could move too far
forward increasing the chance of
head and neck injury. The child
might also slide under the lap
belt. The belt force would then be
applied right on the abdomen.
That could cause serious or fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across
the chest.
Seats and Restraint System
Infants and Young
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs
protection! This includes infants and
all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and
size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety
restraints. In fact, the law in
every state in the United States and
in every Canadian province says
children up to some age must
be restrained while in a vehicle.
{ CAUTION
Children can be seriously injured
or strangled if a shoulder belt is
wrapped around their neck and
the safety belt continues to
tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never
allow children to play with the
safety belts.
Airbags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Every
time infants and young children
ride in vehicles, they should have
the protection provided by
appropriate child restraints.
Children who are not restrained
properly can strike other people, or
can be thrown out of the vehicle.
{ CAUTION
Never do this.
Never hold an infant or a child
while riding in a vehicle. Due to
crash forces, an infant or a child
will become so heavy it is not
possible to hold it during a crash.
(Continued)
CAUTION
1-25
(Continued)
For example, in a crash at only
25 mph (40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg)
infant will suddenly become a
240 lb (110 kg) force on a
person’s arms. An infant should
be secured in an appropriate
restraint.
1-26
Seats and Restraint System
For most basic types of child
restraints, there are many
different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint,
be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the
restraint will have a label saying
that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
{ CAUTION
Never do this.
Children who are up against, or
very close to, any airbag when it
inflates can be seriously injured or
killed. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front
seat. Secure a rear-facing child
restraint in a rear seat. It is also
better to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in a rear seat. If you
must secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go.
Q: What are the different types of
add-on child restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which
are purchased by the vehicle’s
owner, are available in four
basic types. Selection of a
particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the
child’s weight, height, and age but
also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
The restraint manufacturer’s
instructions that come with the
restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular
child restraint. In addition, there
are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special
needs.
Seats and Restraint System
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
To reduce the risk of neck and
head injury during a crash, infants
need complete support. This is
because an infant’s neck is not
fully developed and its head
weighs so much compared with
the rest of its body. In a crash, an
infant in a rear-facing child
restraint settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest
part of an infant’s body, the back
and shoulders. Infants should
always be secured in rear-facing
child restraints.
A young child’s hip bones are still
so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on
the hip bones, as it should.
Instead, it may settle up around
the child’s abdomen. In a crash,
the belt would apply force on a
body area that is unprotected by
any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal
injuries. To reduce the risk of
serious or fatal injuries during a
crash, young children should
always be secured in appropriate
child restraints.
1-27
Child Restraint Systems
(A) Rear-Facing Infant Seat
A rear-facing infant seat (A) provides
restraint with the seating surface
against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant
in place and, in a crash, acts to
keep the infant positioned in
the restraint.
1-28
Seats and Restraint System
Securing an Add-On Child
Restraint in the Vehicle
{ CAUTION
(B) Forward-Facing Child Seat
A forward-facing child seat (B)
provides restraint for the child’s body
with the harness.
(C) Booster Seats
A booster seat (C) is a child
restraint designed to improve the fit
of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
A booster seat can also help a child
to see out the window.
A child can be seriously injured or
killed in a crash if the child
restraint is not properly secured in
the vehicle. Secure the child
restraint properly in the vehicle
using the vehicle’s safety belt or
LATCH system, following the
instructions that came with that
child restraint and the instructions
in this manual.
Seats and Restraint System
To help reduce the chance of injury,
the child restraint must be secured
in the vehicle. Child restraint
systems must be secured in vehicle
seats by lap belts or the lap belt
portion of a lap-shoulder belt, or by
the LATCH system. See Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 1-31 for more
information. A child can be
endangered in a crash if the child
restraint is not properly secured
in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child
restraint, refer to the instructions that
come with the restraint which may
be on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both, and to this manual.
The child restraint instructions are
important, so if they are not
available, obtain a replacement
copy from the manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child
restraint can move around in a
collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to
properly secure any child restraint in
the vehicle — even when no child is
in it.
Securing the Child Within the
Child Restraint
{ CAUTION
A child can be seriously injured or
killed in a crash if the child is not
properly secured in the child
restraint. Secure the child properly
following the instructions that
came with that child restraint.
1-29
Where to Put the
Restraint
According to accident statistics,
children and infants are safer when
properly restrained in a child
restraint system or infant restraint
system secured in a rear seating
position.
We recommend that children and
child restraints be secured in a rear
seat, including: an infant or a child
riding in a rear-facing child restraint;
a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat; an older child riding in a booster
seat; and children, who are large
enough, using safety belts.
1-30
Seats and Restraint System
A label on the sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child
restraint in the front.” This is
because the risk to the rear-facing
child is so great, if the airbag
deploys.
{ CAUTION
A child in a rear-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or
killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. A child in a
forward-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the
right front passenger airbag
inflates and the passenger seat is
in a forward position.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Even if the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe. No one can
guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is
turned off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints
in a rear seat, even if the airbag is
off. If you secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
See Passenger Sensing System
on page 1-49 for additional
information.
If the vehicle does not have a rear
seat that will accommodate a
rear-facing child restraint, a
rear-facing child restraint should not
be installed in the vehicle, even if
the airbag is off.
When securing a child restraint in a
rear seating position, study the
instructions that came with your child
restraint to make sure it is compatible
with this vehicle.
Wherever a child restraint is
installed, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child
restraint can move around in a
collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to
properly secure any child restraint in
the vehicle — even when no child
is in it.
Seats and Restraint System
Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children
(LATCH)
The LATCH system holds a child
restraint during driving or in a crash.
This system is designed to make
installation of a child restraint easier.
The LATCH system uses anchors
in the vehicle and attachments
on the child restraint that are made
for use with the LATCH system.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible
child restraint is properly installed
using the anchors, or use the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint, following the instructions
that came with that restraint, and
also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with
a top tether, you must also use either
the lower anchors or the safety belts
to properly secure the child restraint.
A child restraint must never be
installed using only the top tether
and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system
in your vehicle, you need a child
restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint
manufacturer will provide you with
instructions on how to use the
child restraint and its attachments.
The following explains how to attach
a child restraint with these
attachments in your vehicle.
Not all vehicle seating positions or
child restraints have lower anchors
and attachments or top tether
anchors and attachments.
1-31
Lower Anchors
Lower anchors (A) are metal
bars built into the vehicle. There
are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will
accommodate a child restraint with
lower attachments (B).
1-32
Seats and Restraint System
Top Tether Anchor
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top
of the child restraint to the
vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether
attachment (B) on the child restraint
connects to the top tether anchor
in the vehicle in order to reduce the
forward movement and rotation
of the child restraint during driving
or in a crash.
Your child restraint may have
a single tether (A) or a dual
tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top
tether to the anchor.
Some child restraints that have top
tethers are designed for use
with or without the top tether being
attached. Others require the top
tether always to be attached.
In Canada, the law requires that
forward-facing child restraints have
a top tether, and that the tether
be attached. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions for your
child restraint.
If the child restraint does not have a
top tether, one can be obtained,
in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer
whether or not a kit is available.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether
Anchor Locations
Rear Seat
i (Top Tether Anchor): Seating
positions with top tether anchors.
j (Lower Anchor): Seating positions
with two lower anchors.
Seats and Restraint System
The top tether anchors are located
on the back of the rear seatback.
Be sure to use an anchor located on
the same side of the vehicle as
the seating position where the child
restraint will be placed.
To assist you in locating the lower
anchors, each seating position
with lower anchors has two labels,
near the crease between the
seatback and the seat cushion.
To assist you in locating the top
tether anchors, the top tether anchor
symbol is located near the top
tether anchors.
Do not secure a child restraint in a
position without a top tether
anchor if a national or local law
requires that the top tether be
attached, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that
the top tether must be attached.
1-33
Accident statistics show that children
are safer if they are restrained in the
rear rather than the front seat. See
Where to Put the Restraint on
page 1-29 for additional information.
1-34
Seats and Restraint System
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System
{ CAUTION
If a LATCH-type child restraint is
not attached to anchors, the child
restraint will not be able to protect
the child correctly. In a crash, the
child could be seriously injured or
killed. Install a LATCH-type child
restraint properly using the
anchors, or use the vehicle’s
safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came
with the child restraint and the
instructions in this manual.
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Do not attach more than one child
restraint to a single anchor.
Attaching more than one child
restraint to a single anchor could
cause the anchor or attachment to
come loose or even break during a
crash. A child or others could be
injured. To reduce the risk of
serious or fatal injuries during a
crash, attach only one child
restraint per anchor.
Children can be seriously injured
or strangled if a shoulder belt is
wrapped around their neck and
the safety belt continues to
tighten. Buckle any unused safety
belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull
the shoulder belt all the way out
of the retractor to set the lock, if
your vehicle has one, after the
child restraint has been installed.
Notice: Do not let the LATCH
attachments rub against the
vehicle’s safety belts. This may
damage these parts. If necessary,
move buckled safety belts to
avoid rubbing the LATCH
attachments.
Seats and Restraint System
Do not fold the empty rear seat
with a safety belt buckled. This
could damage the safety belt or
the seat. Unbuckle and return the
safety belt to its stowed position,
before folding the seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments to the lower
anchors. If the child restraint
does not have lower attachments
or the desired seating position
does not have lower anchors,
secure the child restraint with the
top tether and the safety belts.
Refer to your child restraint
manufacturer instructions and the
instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for
the desired seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on
the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments on the child
restraint to the lower
anchors.
2. If the child restraint manufacturer
recommends that the top tether
be attached, attach and tighten
the top tether to the top tether
anchor, if equipped. Refer to the
child restraint instructions and the
following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. Route, attach, and tighten
the top tether according to
your child restraint
instructions and the
following instructions:
If the position you are using
does not have a headrest or
head restraint and you are
using a single tether, route
the tether over the seatback.
1-35
If the position you are using
does not have a headrest
or head restraint and
you are using a dual tether,
route the tether over the
seatback.
1-36
Seats and Restraint System
Securing a Child
Restraint in a Rear Seat
Position
When securing a child restraint in a
rear seating position, study the
instructions that came with the child
restraint to make sure it is
compatible with this vehicle.
If the position you are using
has an adjustable headrest
or head restraint and
you are using a dual tether,
route the tether around
the headrest or head
restraint.
If the position you are using
has an adjustable headrest
or head restraint and
you are using a single
tether, raise the headrest or
head restraint and route
the tether under the
headrest or head restraint
and in between the headrest
or head restraint posts.
3. Push and pull the child restraint
in different directions to be sure
it is secure.
If the child restraint has the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 1-31 for how and where to
install the child restraint using
LATCH. If a child restraint is secured
in the vehicle using a safety belt
and it uses a top tether, see Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 1-31 for top tether
anchor locations.
Do not secure a child seat in a
position without a top tether anchor
if a national or local law requires
that the top tether be anchored, or if
the instructions that come with
the child restraint say that the top
strap must be anchored.
Seats and Restraint System
1-37
In Canada, the law requires that
forward-facing child restraints have
a top tether, and that the tether
be attached.
If the child restraint does not have
the LATCH system, you will be using
the safety belt to secure the child
restraint in this position. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came
with the child restraint. Secure the
child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
If more than one child restraint
needs to be installed in the
rear seat, be sure to read Where to
Put the Restraint on page 1-29.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and
run the lap and shoulder portions
of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint.
The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
3. Push the latch plate into the
buckle until it clicks.
Position the release button on
the buckle so that the safety belt
could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor to
set the lock.
1-38
Seats and Restraint System
6. If the child restraint has a top
tether, follow the child restraint
manufacturer’s instructions
regarding the use of the top
tether. See Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 1-31 for more
information.
7. Push and pull the child restraint
in different directions to be sure
it is secure.
5. To tighten the belt, push down
on the child restraint, pull the
shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the
belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. When
installing a forward-facing child
restraint, it may be helpful to use
your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
To remove the child restraint,
unbuckle the vehicle safety belt and
let it return to the stowed position.
If the top tether is attached to a top
tether anchor, disconnect it.
Securing a Child
Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
The vehicle has airbags. A rear seat
is a safer place to secure a
forward-facing child restraint. See
Where to Put the Restraint on
page 1-29.
In addition, the vehicle has a
passenger sensing system which is
designed to turn off the right
front passenger frontal airbag under
certain conditions. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 1-49
and Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 3-26 for more
information, including important
safety information.
A label on the sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk
to the rear-facing child is so great,
if the airbag deploys.
Seats and Restraint System
{ CAUTION
CAUTION
(Continued)
A child in a rear-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured
or killed if the right front
passenger airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would
be very close to the inflating
airbag. A child in a forward-facing
child restraint can be seriously
injured or killed if the right front
passenger airbag inflates and the
passenger seat is in a forward
position.
Secure rear-facing child restraints
in a rear seat, even if the airbag is
off. If you secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
Even if the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe. No one can
guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is
turned off.
If the vehicle does not have a rear
seat that will accommodate a
rear-facing child restraint, a
rear-facing child restraint should not
be installed in the vehicle, even if
the airbag is off.
(Continued)
See Passenger Sensing System
on page 1-49 for additional
information.
1-39
If the child restraint has the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 1-31 for how and where to
install the child restraint using
LATCH. If a child restraint is secured
using a safety belt and it uses a
top tether, see Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 1-31 for top tether anchor
locations.
Do not secure a child seat in a
position without a top tether anchor
if a national or local law requires
that the top tether be anchored, or if
the instructions that come with
the child restraint say that the top
strap must be anchored.
In Canada, the law requires that
forward-facing child restraints have
a top tether, and that the tether
be attached.
1-40
Seats and Restraint System
You will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in
this position. Follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint.
1. Move the seat as far back as it
will go before securing the
forward-facing child restraint.
When the passenger sensing
system has turned off the
right front passenger frontal
airbag, the off indicator on the
passenger airbag status indicator
should light and stay lit when
the vehicle is started. See
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 3-26.
2. Put the child restraint on
the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run
the lap and shoulder portions of
the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint.
The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
4. Push the latch plate into the
buckle until it clicks.
Position the release button on
the buckle so that the safety belt
could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor to
set the lock.
Seats and Restraint System
7. If the vehicle does not have a
rear seat and the child restraint
has a top tether, follow the
child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions regarding the use
of the top tether. See Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 1-31 for
more information.
6. To tighten the belt, push down
on the child restraint, pull the
shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the
belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. When
installing a forward-facing child
restraint, it may be helpful to use
your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
8. Push and pull the child restraint
in different directions to be sure
it is secure.
If the airbag is off, the off indicator
in the passenger airbag status
indicator will come on and stay on
when the vehicle is started.
If a child restraint has been
installed and the on indicator is lit,
see “If the On Indicator is Lit for a
Child Restraint ” under Passenger
Sensing System on page 1-49 for
more information.
To remove the child restraint,
unbuckle the vehicle safety belt and
let it return to the stowed position.
1-41
Airbag System
The vehicle has the following
airbags:
• A frontal airbag for the driver.
• A frontal airbag for the right front
passenger.
• A seat-mounted side impact
airbag for the driver.
• A seat-mounted side impact
airbag for the right front
passenger.
• A roof-rail airbag for the driver
and the passenger seated
directly behind the driver.
• A roof-rail airbag for the right
front passenger and the
passenger seated directly behind
the right front passenger.
All of the airbags in the vehicle will
have the word AIRBAG embossed
in the trim or on an attached
label near the deployment opening.
1-42
Seats and Restraint System
For frontal airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear on the middle
part of the steering wheel for
the driver and on the instrument
panel for the right front passenger.
With seat-mounted side impact
airbags, the word AIRBAG
will appear on the side of the
seatback closest to the door.
With roof-rail airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear along the
headliner or trim.
Even if you do not have a right front
passenger seat in the vehicle
there is still an active frontal airbag
in the right side of the instrument
panel. Do not place cargo in front of
this airbag.
{ CAUTION
Be sure that cargo is not near an
airbag. In a crash, an inflating
airbag might force that object
toward a person. This could
cause severe injury or even
death. Secure objects away from
the area in which an airbag would
inflate. For more information, see
Where Are the Airbags? on
page 1-44 and Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-18.
Airbags are designed to supplement
the protection provided by safety
belts. Even though today’s airbags
are also designed to help reduce
the risk of injury from the force of an
inflating bag, all airbags must
inflate very quickly to do their job.
Here are the most important things
to know about the airbag system:
{ CAUTION
You can be severely injured or
killed in a crash if you are not
wearing your safety belt — even if
you have airbags. Airbags are
designed to work with safety
belts, but do not replace them.
Also, airbags are not designed to
deploy in every crash. In some
crashes safety belts are your only
restraint. See When Should an
Airbag Inflate? on page 1-45.
Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things inside the vehicle
or being ejected from it. Airbags
are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. Everyone in your
vehicle should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there is
an airbag for that person.
Seats and Restraint System
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Airbags inflate with great force,
faster than the blink of an eye.
Anyone who is up against, or very
close to, any airbag when it
inflates can be seriously injured or
killed. Do not sit unnecessarily
close to the airbag, as you would
be if you were sitting on the edge
of your seat or leaning forward.
Safety belts help keep you in
position before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible
while still maintaining control of
the vehicle.
Children who are up against, or
very close to, any airbag when it
inflates can be seriously injured or
killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer protection for adults
and older children, but not for
young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its airbag system is
designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children
properly in your vehicle. To read
how, see Older Children on
page 1-22 or Infants and Young
Children on page 1-25.
Occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door or side
windows in seating positions with
seat-mounted side impact airbags
and/or roof-rail airbags.
1-43
There is an airbag readiness light
on the instrument panel cluster,
which shows the airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag
electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag
Readiness Light on page 3-25 for
more information.
1-44
Seats and Restraint System
Where Are the Airbags?
The driver frontal airbag is in the
middle of the steering wheel.
The right front passenger frontal
airbag is in the instrument panel on
the passenger side.
Driver Side shown, Passenger
Side similar
The seat-mounted side impact
airbags for the driver and right front
passenger are in the side of the
seatbacks closest to the door.
Seats and Restraint System
{ CAUTION
Driver Side shown, Passenger
Side similar
The roof-rail airbags for the driver,
right front passenger, and second
row outboard passengers are in the
ceiling above the side windows.
If something is between an
occupant and an airbag, the
airbag might not inflate properly or
it might force the object into that
person causing severe injury or
even death. The path of an
inflating airbag must be kept
clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an
airbag, and do not attach or put
anything on the steering wheel
hub or on or near any other
airbag covering.
Do not use seat accessories that
block the inflation path of a
seat-mounted side impact airbag.
Never secure anything to the roof
of a vehicle with roof-rail airbags
by routing a rope or tie down
through any door or window
opening. If you do, the path of an
inflating roof-rail airbag will be
blocked.
1-45
When Should an Airbag
Inflate?
Frontal airbags are designed to
inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes to help
reduce the potential for severe
injuries mainly to the driver’s or right
front passenger’s head and chest.
However, they are only designed to
inflate if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment
threshold. Deployment thresholds
are used to predict how severe a
crash is likely to be in time for the
airbags to inflate and help restrain
the occupants.
Whether the frontal airbags will or
should deploy is not based on
how fast your vehicle is traveling. It
depends largely on what you hit,
the direction of the impact, and how
quickly your vehicle slows down.
1-46
Seats and Restraint System
Frontal airbags may inflate at
different crash speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary
object, the airbags could inflate at
a different crash speed than if the
vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that
deforms, the airbags could inflate
at a different crash speed than if
the vehicle hits an object that
does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object
(like a pole), the airbags could
inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a wide
object (like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object
at an angle, the airbags could
inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight
into the object.
Thresholds can also vary with
specific vehicle design.
Frontal airbags are not intended to
inflate during vehicle rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts.
system’s designed threshold level.
The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design.
In addition, the vehicle has
dual-stage frontal airbags.
Dual-stage airbags adjust the
restraint according to crash severity.
The vehicle has electronic frontal
sensors, which help the sensing
system distinguish between a
moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. For moderate
frontal impacts, dual-stage airbags
inflate at a level less than full
deployment. For more severe frontal
impacts, full deployment occurs.
Seat-mounted side impact airbags
are not intended to inflate in
frontal impacts, near-frontal impacts,
rollovers, or rear impacts. Roof-rail
airbags are not intended to inflate in
rear impacts. A seat-mounted
side impact airbag is intended to
deploy on the side of the vehicle that
is struck. Both roof-rail airbags
will deploy when either side of the
vehicle is struck, or if the sensing
system predicts that the vehicle
is about to roll over, or in a severe
frontal impact.
The vehicle has seat-mounted side
impact and roof-rail airbags. See
Airbag System on page 1-41.
Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags are intended
to inflate in moderate to severe side
crashes. In addition, these roof-rail
airbags are intended to inflate during
a rollover or in a severe frontal
impact. Seat-mounted side impact
and roof-rail airbags will inflate if the
crash severity is above the
In any particular crash, no one can
say whether an airbag should
have inflated simply because of the
damage to a vehicle or because
of what the repair costs were.
For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle hits,
the angle of the impact, and how
quickly the vehicle slows down. For
seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags, deployment
Seats and Restraint System
is determined by the location and
severity of the side impact. In
a rollover event, roof-rail airbag
deployment is determined by
the direction of the roll.
What Makes an Airbag
Inflate?
In a deployment event, the sensing
system sends an electrical signal
triggering a release of gas from the
inflator. Gas from the inflator fills
the airbag causing the bag to break
out of the cover and deploy. The
inflator, the airbag, and related
hardware are all part of the airbag
module.
Frontal airbag modules are located
inside the steering wheel and
instrument panel. For vehicles with
seat-mounted side impact airbags,
there are airbag modules in the side
of the front seatbacks closest to
the door. For vehicles with roof-rail
airbags, there are airbag modules
in the ceiling of the vehicle, near the
side windows that have occupant
seating positions.
How Does an Airbag
Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or
near frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering
wheel or the instrument panel.
In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants
can contact the inside of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Frontal
airbags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the
occupant’s upper body, stopping the
occupant more gradually.
Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags distribute the force
of the impact more evenly over
the occupant’s upper body.
1-47
Rollover capable roof-rail airbags
are designed to help contain
the head and chest of occupants in
the outboard seating positions in
the first and second rows. The
rollover capable roof-rail airbags are
designed to help reduce the risk
of full or partial ejection in rollover
events, although no system can
prevent all such ejections.
But airbags would not help in many
types of collisions, primarily
because the occupant’s motion is
not toward those airbags. See When
Should an Airbag Inflate? on
page 1-45 for more information.
Airbags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement
to safety belts.
1-48
Seats and Restraint System
What Will You See After
an Airbag Inflates?
After the frontal airbags and
seat-mounted side impact airbags
inflate, they quickly deflate, so
quickly that some people may not
even realize an airbag inflated.
Roof-rail airbags may still be at least
partially inflated for some time
after they deploy. Some components
of the airbag module may be hot
for several minutes. For location of
the airbag modules, see What
Makes an Airbag Inflate? on
page 1-47.
The parts of the airbag that come
into contact with you may be warm,
but not too hot to touch. There
may be some smoke and dust
coming from the vents in the
deflated airbags. Airbag inflation
does not prevent the driver
from seeing out of the windshield or
being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it prevent people from
leaving the vehicle.
{ CAUTION
When an airbag inflates, there
may be dust in the air. This dust
could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of
asthma or other breathing trouble.
To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as
it is safe to do so. If you have
breathing problems but cannot get
out of the vehicle after an airbag
inflates, then get fresh air by
opening a window or a door. If
you experience breathing
problems following an airbag
deployment, you should seek
medical attention.
The vehicle has a feature that may
automatically unlock the doors,
turn the interior lamps on, and turn
the hazard warning flashers on
when the airbags inflate. You can
lock the doors, turn the interior
lamps off, and turn the hazard
warning flashers off by using the
controls for those features. You
must first, however, turn the ignition
key to the following ignition switch
positions:
1. Turn the ignition key to
LOCK/OFF.
2. Turn the ignition key to ON/RUN.
In many crashes severe enough
to inflate the airbag, windshields are
broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may
also occur from the right front
passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate
only once. After an airbag
inflates, you will need some new
parts for the airbag system. If
you do not get them, the airbag
system will not be there to
help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include
airbag modules and possibly
other parts. The service manual
for your vehicle covers the
need to replace other parts.
Seats and Restraint System
• The vehicle has a crash sensing
and diagnostic module which
records information after a crash.
See Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy on page 7-14
and Event Data Recorders on
page 7-14.
• Let only qualified technicians
work on the airbag systems.
Improper service can mean that
an airbag system will not
work properly. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
Passenger Sensing
System
The vehicle has a passenger
sensing system for the right front
passenger position. The passenger
airbag status indicator will be
visible on the instrument panel when
the vehicle is started.
United States
Canada
The words ON and OFF, or the
symbol for on and off, are visible
during the system check. If you are
using remote start, if equipped,
to start the vehicle from a distance,
you may not see the system
1-49
check. When the system check is
complete, either the word ON
or OFF, or the symbol for on or off,
will be visible. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on
page 3-26.
The passenger sensing system
turns off the right front passenger
frontal airbag and seat-mounted
side impact airbag under certain
conditions. The driver airbags
and the roof-rail airbags are not
affected by the passenger sensing
system.
The passenger sensing system
works with sensors that are part of
the right front passenger seat
and safety belt. The sensors are
designed to detect the presence of
a properly-seated occupant and
determine if the right front
passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
should be enabled (may inflate)
or not.
1-50
Seats and Restraint System
According to accident statistics,
children are safer when properly
secured in a rear seat in a correct
child restraint for their weight
and size.
We recommend that children be
secured in a rear seat, including: an
infant or a child riding in a
rear-facing child restraint; a child
riding in a forward-facing child seat;
an older child riding in a booster
seat; and children, who are
large enough, using safety belts.
A label on the sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk
to the rear-facing child is so great,
if the airbag deploys.
{ CAUTION
A child in a rear-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or
killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. A child in a
forward-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the
right front passenger airbag
inflates and the passenger seat is
in a forward position.
Even if the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
(if equipped), no system is
fail-safe. No one can guarantee
that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual
circumstance, even though the
airbag(s) are off.
Secure rear-facing child
restraints in a rear seat, even
if the airbag(s) are off. If you
secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
Seats and Restraint System
If the vehicle does not have a rear
seat that will accommodate a
rear-facing child restraint, a
rear-facing child restraint should not
be installed in the vehicle, even if
the airbag is off.
• The system determines that a
The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right
front passenger airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag if:
• The right front passenger seat is
• The right front passenger seat
• Or, if there is a critical problem
is unoccupied.
• The system determines that an
infant is present in a rear-facing
infant seat.
• The system determines that a
small child is present in a
child restraint.
small child is present in a
booster seat.
• A right front passenger takes
his/her weight off of the seat
for a period of time.
occupied by a smaller person,
such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints.
with the airbag system or the
passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right front
passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag,
the off indicator will light and stay lit
to remind you that the airbags
are off. See Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator on page 3-26.
1-51
The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn on (may inflate) the
right front passenger frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact
airbag anytime the system senses
that a person of adult size is
sitting properly in the right front
passenger seat.
When the passenger sensing
system has allowed the airbags to
be enabled, the on indicator will light
and stay lit to remind you that the
airbags are active.
1-52
Seats and Restraint System
For some children who have
outgrown child restraints and for very
small adults, the passenger sensing
system may or may not turn off the
right front passenger frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact
airbag, depending upon the person’s
seating posture and body build.
Everyone in the vehicle who has
outgrown child restraints should wear
a safety belt properly —whether or
not there is an airbag for that person.
{ CAUTION
If the airbag readiness light ever
comes on and stays on, it means
that something may be wrong with
the airbag system. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have
the vehicle serviced right away.
See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 3-25 for more information,
including important safety
information.
If the On Indicator is Lit for a
Child Restraint
If a child restraint has been installed
and the on indicator is lit:
1. Turn the vehicle off.
2. Remove the child restraint from
the vehicle.
3. Remove any additional items
from the seat such as blankets,
cushions, seat covers, seat
heaters, or seat massagers.
4. Reinstall the child restraint
following the directions provided
by the child restraint manufacturer
and refer to Securing a Child
Restraint in the Right Front Seat
Position on page 1-38.
5. If, after reinstalling the child
restraint and restarting the
vehicle, the on indicator is still lit,
turn the vehicle off. Then slightly
recline the vehicle seatback and
adjust the seat cushion, if
adjustable, to make sure that the
vehicle seatback is not pushing
the child restraint into the seat
cushion.
Also make sure the child
restraint is not trapped under the
vehicle head restraint. If this
happens, adjust the head
restraint. See Head Restraints
on page 1-2.
6. Restart the vehicle.
If the on indicator is still lit with
an infant present in a child
restraint, secure the child
restraint in a rear seat position in
the vehicle and see your
dealer/retailer.
Seats and Restraint System
If the Off Indicator is Lit for an
Adult-Size Occupant
If this happens, use the following
steps to allow the system to detect
that person and enable the right
front passenger frontal airbag
and seat-mounted side impact
airbag:
1. Turn the vehicle off.
2. Remove any additional material
from the seat, such as blankets,
cushions, seat covers, seat
heaters, or seat massagers.
3. Place the seatback in the fully
upright position.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in
the right front passenger seat,
but the off indicator is lit, it could be
because that person is not sitting
properly in the seat.
4. Have the person sit upright in the
seat, centered on the seat
cushion, with legs comfortably
extended.
5. Restart the vehicle and have the
person remain in this position for
two to three minutes after the
on indicator is lit.
1-53
Additional Factors Affecting
System Operation
Safety belts help keep the passenger
in position on the seat during vehicle
maneuvers and braking, which helps
the passenger sensing system
maintain the passenger airbag
status. See “Safety Belts” and “Child
Restraints” in the Index for additional
information about the importance of
proper restraint use.
1-54
Seats and Restraint System
A thick layer of additional material,
such as a blanket or cushion, or
aftermarket equipment such as seat
covers, seat heaters, and seat
massagers can affect how well the
passenger sensing system
operates. We recommend that you
not use seat covers or other
aftermarket equipment except when
approved by GM for your specific
vehicle. See Adding Equipment
to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 1-55 for more information
about modifications that can affect
how the system operates.
{ CAUTION
Stowing of articles under the
passenger seat or between the
passenger seat cushion and
seatback may interfere with the
proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Airbags affect how the vehicle
should be serviced. There are parts
of the airbag system in several
places around the vehicle. Your
dealer/retailer and the service
manual have information about
servicing the vehicle and the airbag
system. To purchase a service
manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-13.
{ CAUTION
For up to 10 seconds after the
ignition is turned off and the battery
is disconnected, an airbag can still
inflate during improper service.
You can be injured if you are close
to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid
yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the airbag system.
Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the
person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
Seats and Restraint System
Adding Equipment to
Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Q: Is there anything I might add
to or change about the
vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working
properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that
change the vehicle’s frame,
bumper system, height, front end
or side sheet metal, they may
keep the airbag system from
working properly. Changing or
moving any parts of the front
seats, safety belts, the airbag
sensing and diagnostic module,
steering wheel, instrument
panel, roof-rail airbag modules,
ceiling headliner or pillar
garnish trim, front sensors, side
impact sensors, rollover
sensor module, or airbag wiring
can affect the operation of
the airbag system.
In addition, the vehicle has a
passenger sensing system for the
right front passenger position,
which includes sensors that are
part of the passenger seat. The
passenger sensing system may
not operate properly if the original
seat trim is replaced with non-GM
covers, upholstery or trim, or
with GM covers, upholstery or
trim designed for a different
vehicle. Any object, such as an
aftermarket seat heater or a
comfort enhancing pad or device,
installed under or on top of
the seat fabric, could also
interfere with the operation of
the passenger sensing system.
This could either prevent proper
deployment of the passenger
airbag(s) or prevent the
passenger sensing system from
properly turning off the passenger
airbag(s). See Passenger
Sensing System on page 1-49.
1-55
If you have questions, call
Customer Assistance. The phone
numbers and addresses for
Customer Assistance are in Step
Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
on page 7-1.
If the vehicle has rollover
roof-rail airbags, see Different
Size Tires and Wheels on
page 5-53 for additional
important information.
1-56
Seats and Restraint System
Q: Because I have a disability, I
have to get my vehicle
modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my
airbag system?
A: If you have questions, call
Customer Assistance. The phone
numbers and addresses for
Customer Assistance are in Step
Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
on page 7-1.
In addition, your dealer/retailer and
the service manual have information
about the location of the airbag
sensors, sensing and diagnostic
module and airbag wiring.
Restraint System
Check
Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Care of Safety Belts on
page 5-69.
Checking the Restraint
Systems
Airbags
Safety Belts
Now and then, check that the safety
belt reminder light, safety belts,
buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are all working properly.
Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts
that might keep a safety belt system
from doing its job. See your
dealer/retailer to have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not
protect you in a crash. They can
rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new
one right away.
Make sure the safety belt reminder
light is working. See Safety Belt
Reminders on page 3-24 for more
information.
The airbag system does not need
regularly scheduled maintenance or
replacement. Make sure the
airbag readiness light is working.
See Airbag Readiness Light
on page 3-25 for more information.
Notice: If an airbag covering
is damaged, opened, or broken,
the airbag may not work properly.
Do not open or break the airbag
coverings. If there are any opened
or broken airbag covers, have
the airbag covering and/or airbag
module replaced. For the
location of the airbag modules,
see What Makes an Airbag
Inflate? on page 1-47. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
Seats and Restraint System
Replacing Restraint
System Parts After a
Crash
{ CAUTION
A crash can damage the restraint
systems in your vehicle. A
damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person
using it, resulting in serious injury
or even death in a crash. To help
make sure your restraint systems
are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any
necessary replacements made as
soon as possible.
After a minor crash, replacement of
safety belts may not be necessary.
But the safety belt assemblies
that were used during any crash
may have been stressed or
damaged. See your dealer/retailer
to have the safety belt assemblies
inspected or replaced.
If the vehicle has the LATCH
system and it was being used during
a crash, you may need new
LATCH system parts.
New parts and repairs may be
necessary even if the safety belt or
LATCH system (if equipped),
was not being used at the time of
the crash.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to
replace airbag system parts. See
the part on the airbag system earlier
in this section.
Have the safety belt pretensioners
checked if the vehicle has been in a
crash, if the airbag readiness light
stays on after you start the vehicle,
or while you are driving. See
Airbag Readiness Light on
page 3-25.
1-57
If an airbag inflates or the vehicle
has been in a crash, the vehicle’s
sensing system may command
the automatic hybrid battery
disconnect to open. The battery will
disconnect. The hybrid battery
will be off and the vehicle will not
start. The airbag readiness light may
come on. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 3-25 for more
information. To operate the vehicle,
the automatic hybrid battery
disconnect must be reconnected by
a qualified service technician and
sensing system parts will need to be
replaced. Have the vehicle
serviced right away.
1-58
Seats and Restraint System
✍ NOTES
Features and Controls
Features and
Controls
Windows
Windows .............................2-9
Power Windows ..................2-9
Sun Visors ........................2-10
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Keys
Keys ...................................2-2
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System ...................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation ...2-4
Doors and Locks
Door Locks .........................2-6
Power Door Locks ..............2-6
Delayed Locking .................2-6
Automatic Door Lock ..........2-7
Automatic Door Unlock .......2-7
Rear Door Security
Locks ................................2-7
Lockout Protection ..............2-7
Liftgate ...............................2-8
Theft-Deterrent Systems ....2-10
Content Theft-Deterrent .....2-10
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer ......................2-12
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer Operation ......2-12
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In .......2-14
Ignition Positions ...............2-14
Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) ...................2-15
Starting the Engine
(Automatic Engine
Start/Stop) .......................2-15
Engine Coolant Heater ......2-19
Automatic Transmission
Operation ........................2-20
Parking Brake ...................2-22
2-1
Regenerative Braking ........2-23
Shifting Into Park ..............2-23
Shifting Out of Park ..........2-25
Parking Over Things
That Burn ........................2-25
Engine Exhaust .................2-26
Running the Vehicle
While Parked ..................2-26
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ....2-27
Automatic Dimming
Rearview Mirror ...............2-27
Outside Power Mirrors ......2-28
Outside Convex Mirror ......2-28
Outside Heated Mirrors .....2-28
OnStar® System
OnStar® System ................2-29
Universal Home Remote
System
Universal Home Remote
System ............................2-32
Universal Home Remote
System Operation ............2-33
2-2
Features and Controls
Storage Areas
Glove Box .........................2-37
Cupholders .......................2-37
Sunglasses Storage
Compartment ...................2-37
Center Console Storage ....2-37
Driver Storage
Compartment ...................2-38
Rear Seat Armrest ............2-38
Convenience Net ..............2-38
Cargo Cover .....................2-38
Cargo Tie Downs ..............2-39
Cargo Management
System ............................2-39
Keys
{ CAUTION
Leaving children in a vehicle with
the ignition key is dangerous for
many reasons, children or others
could be badly injured or even
killed. They could operate the
power windows or other controls
or even make the vehicle move.
The windows will function with the
keys in the ignition and children
could be seriously injured or killed
if caught in the path of a closing
window. Do not leave the keys in
a vehicle with children.
The two keys can be used for the
ignition and all locks.
The key code is stamped on the key
number plate and can be used to
make new keys at any dealer/
retailer. Store this information in a
safe place outside the vehicle.
Features and Controls
Notice: If you ever lock your
keys in the vehicle, you may have
to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
If you are locked out of the vehicle,
contact Roadside Assistance. See
Roadside Assistance Program on
page 7-5 for more information.
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System
If this vehicle has the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) system, it
operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210
of Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause
interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
2-3
Changes or modifications to this
system by other than an authorized
service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
If there is a decrease in the RKE
operating range, try this:
• Check the distance. The
transmitter may be too far from
the vehicle. Stand closer
during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles
or objects may be blocking the
signal. Take a few steps to the left
or right, hold the transmitter
higher, and try again.
• Check the transmitter’s battery.
See “Battery Replacement” later
in this section.
• If the transmitter is still not
working correctly, see your
dealer/retailer or a qualified
technician for service.
2-4
Features and Controls
Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic
Alarm): Press and release to
activate the alarm. The turn signal
lamps flash and the horn sounds
three times.
The Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter functions work up to
65 feet (20 m) away from the vehicle.
Press and hold L for more than
two seconds and the turn signal
lamps flash and the horn sounds
for 30 seconds.
There are other conditions which can
affect the performance of the
transmitter. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System on page 2-3.
To turn the alarm off, press L again
or turn the ignition to ON/RUN.
Q (Lock): Press to lock all the
doors, including the liftgate.
K (Unlock): Press once to unlock
the driver door. If K is pressed
again within five seconds, all other
doors unlock. The interior lamps
come on for 20 seconds or until the
ignition is turned on.
Features and Controls
Programming Transmitters to
the Vehicle
Only RKE transmitters programmed
to the vehicle will work. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a
replacement can be purchased and
programmed through your dealer/
retailer. When the replacement
transmitter is programmed to the
vehicle, all remaining transmitters
must also be programmed. Any lost
or stolen transmitters no longer work
once the new transmitter is
programmed. Each vehicle can have
up to eight transmitters programmed
to it. See “HOLD STEM TO
RELEARN REMOTE KEY” under
DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-36.
2-5
Battery Replacement
Replace the battery if the REPLACE
REMOTE KEY FOB BATTERY
message displays on the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See
“REPLACE REMOTE KEY FOB
BATTERY” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-42.
Notice: When replacing the
battery, do not touch any of the
circuitry on the transmitter. Static
from your body could damage
the transmitter.
To replace the battery:
1. Separate the transmitter with a
flat thin object inserted into the
notch on the side.
2. Remove the old battery. Do not
use a metal object.
3. Insert the new battery, positive
side facing down. Replace with
a CR2032 or equivalent battery.
4. Reassemble the transmitter.
2-6
Features and Controls
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
CAUTION
(Continued)
• Young children who get into
{ CAUTION
Unlocked doors can be
dangerous.
• Passengers, especially
children, can easily open the
doors and fall out of a moving
vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not
open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of
the vehicle in a crash if the
doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock
the doors whenever you drive.
(Continued)
•
unlocked vehicles may be
unable to get out. A child can
be overcome by extreme heat
and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from
heat stroke. Always lock your
vehicle whenever you leave it.
Outsiders can easily enter
through an unlocked door
when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this
from happening.
To lock or unlock a door, use the
key from the outside or the door lock
from the inside.
Power Door Locks
T:
The power door lock switches
are located on the driver door.
• Press the right side of the switch
to unlock the doors.
• Remove the ignition key and
press the left side of the switch to
lock all of the doors.
Delayed Locking
A chime will sound to indicate a
door or liftgate is open when you try
to lock the doors with the power
door lock switch. The doors will not
lock, and the theft-deterrent
system will not arm until all the
doors are closed and five seconds
have passed.
Features and Controls
Automatic Door Lock
The doors are programmed to
automatically lock when the shift
lever is moved into a forward gear.
The automatic door lock feature
cannot be disabled.
Rear Door Security
Locks
The vehicle has rear door security
locks to prevent passengers
from opening the rear doors from
the inside.
2-7
To set the locks, insert a key into the
slot and turn it to the horizontal
position. The door can only be
opened from the outside with the
door unlocked. To return the door to
normal operation, turn the slot to the
vertical position.
Automatic Door Unlock
Lockout Protection
The doors will automatically
unlock when the shift lever is moved
into (P) Park.
When the power door lock switch is
pressed with the key in the ignition,
and any door is open, all the doors
lock and the driver door unlocks.
When doors are closed with the key
in the ignition, the horn will sound as
a reminder.
Open the rear doors to access the
security locks on the inside edge
of each door.
If the doors are locked with the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter, and the key is in the
ignition, a chime sounds and
all except the driver door lock.
The lockout protection feature can be
overridden by holding the power door
lock switch for three seconds.
2-8
Features and Controls
Liftgate
CAUTION
(Continued)
{ CAUTION
• If the vehicle is equipped with
Exhaust gases may enter the
vehicle if it is driven with the
liftgate, trunk/hatch open, or with
any objects that pass through the
seal between the body and the
trunk/hatch or liftgate. Engine
exhaust contains Carbon
Monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
If the vehicle must be driven with
the liftgate, or trunk/hatch open:
• Close all of the windows.
• Fully open the air outlets on or
under the instrument panel.
• Adjust the Climate Control
system to a setting that brings
in only outside air and set the
fan speed to the highest
setting. See Climate Control
System in the Index.
a power liftgate, disable the
power liftgate function.
(Continued)
Liftgate Operation with Loss of
Power
For more information about
carbon monoxide, see Engine
Exhaust on page 2-26.
To lock or unlock the liftgate, press
the button on the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter twice
or the power door lock switch.
To open the liftgate, press
the touchpad on the underside of
the liftgate handle and pull up.
To close the liftgate, pull down using
the handle and close until it latches.
To open the liftgate if the vehicle’s
battery is disconnected or the
voltage is low, access the release
lever. Remove the interior trim cover
on the inside of the liftgate. Use a
tool to push the lever on the
latch until the liftgate releases.
Features and Controls
Windows
CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Leaving children, helpless adults,
or pets in a vehicle with the
windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the
extreme heat and suffer
permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a
child, a helpless adult, or a pet
alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or
hot weather.
2-9
(Continued)
The windows will function and
they could be seriously injured or
killed if caught in the path of a
closing window. Do not leave
keys in a vehicle with children.
When there are children in the
rear seat use the window lockout
button to prevent unintentional
operation of the windows.
Power Windows
{ CAUTION
Leaving children in a vehicle with
the keys is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could
be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power
windows or other controls or even
make the vehicle move.
(Continued)
The window switches for all doors
are located on the driver door.
Each door also has a switch.
2-10
Features and Controls
To open or close a window, press
or pull up on the switch.
The power windows operate when
the ignition is in ON/RUN or
ACC/ACCESSORY, or while in
Retained Accessory Power (RAP).
See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 2-15.
Express-Down Window
The driver window switch has an
express-down feature that lowers
the window without holding the
switch. Press the switch part way
and the window will open a
small amount. Press the switch
down all the way and release it and
the window lowers all the way.
To stop the window while it
is lowering, press and release the
switch.
Window Lockout
o
(Window Lockout): The
vehicle has a lockout feature to
prevent rear seat passengers from
operating the windows. Press
the lockout button, located with the
power window switches, to turn
the feature on and off.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, swing the sun
visor down, or detach the driver sun
visor from the center mount and
slide it along the rod from
side-to-side.
Theft-Deterrent
Systems
Vehicle theft is big business,
especially in some cities. This vehicle
has theft-deterrent features,
however, they do not make it
impossible to steal.
Content Theft-Deterrent
This vehicle may have a content
theft-deterrent alarm system.
On a visor with a mirror, lift the
cover to use it.
United States shown,
Canada similar
The security light is located near the
center of the instrument panel.
Features and Controls
To arm the theft-deterrent system,
close all doors and press Q on the
RKE transmitter. The security light
comes on solid for approximately
30 seconds and then flashes slowly.
If Q is pressed a second time, the
theft-deterrent system activates
immediately. The content theft
deterrent alarm is not armed until
the security light flashes slowly.
If any door or the liftgate are opened
without using the key or pressing
K on the RKE transmitter, the
exterior lamps flash and the horn
sounds for about 30 seconds. If Q or
K on the RKE transmitter is not
pressed, the alarm sounds and
periodically repeats. If the system
does not operate as described
above, see your dealer/retailer
for service.
The theft-deterrent system also
activates if the doors are locked
with the key.
To avoid setting off the alarm by
accident, always unlock a door
with the RKE transmitter or a key.
Unlocking a door any other way
sets off the alarm if the system
has been armed.
If the alarm is set off by accident,
press Q or K on the RKE
transmitter or place the key in
the ignition and turn it to START
to turn it off.
Testing the Alarm
To test the alarm:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower
the driver’s window and open
the driver door.
2. Get out of the vehicle, close the
door and activate the system by
pressing Q on the RKE
transmitter.
2-11
3. Wait for the security light to
flash slowly.
4. Reach in through the window to
unlock the door with the manual
door lock and open the door.
This should set off the alarm.
If the alarm does not sound when it
should, but the vehicle’s headlamps
flash, check to see if the horn
works. The horn fuse may be blown.
To replace the fuse, see Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-75.
If the alarm does not sound or
the vehicle’s headlamps do
not flash, see your dealer/retailer
for service.
2-12
Features and Controls
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer
The PASS-Key III+ system operates
on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with
RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the
device.
Changes or modifications to
this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
PASS-Key III+ uses a radio
frequency transponder in the key
that matches a decoder in the
vehicle.
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer Operation
This vehicle has PASS-Key® III+
(Personalized Automotive Security
System) theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key® III+ is a passive
theft-deterrent system.
The system is automatically armed
when the key is removed from
the ignition.
You do not have to manually arm or
disarm the system.
The security light comes on if there is
a problem with arming or disarming
the theft-deterrent system.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system
senses that someone is using
the wrong key, it prevents the
vehicle from starting. Anyone using
a trial-and-error method to start
the vehicle will be discouraged
because of the high number
of electrical key codes.
Features and Controls
When trying to start the vehicle if
the engine does not start and
the security light on the instrument
panel cluster comes on, there
may be a problem with your
theft-deterrent system. Turn the
ignition off and try again.
If the engine still does not start,
and the key appears to be not
damaged, wait about five minutes
and try another ignition key and
check the fuse. See Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-75.
If the engine still does not start
with the other key, the vehicle
needs service. If the vehicle does
start, the first key may be faulty.
See your dealer/retailer who
can service the PASS-Key® III+
to have a new key made. In
an emergency, contact Roadside
Assistance. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 7-5.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+
decoder to “learn” the transponder
value of a new or replacement key.
Up to 10 keys may be programmed
for the vehicle. The following
procedure is for programming
additional keys only. If all the
currently programmed keys are
lost or do not operate, you must see
your dealer/retailer or a locksmith
who can service PASS-Key® III+
to have keys made and programmed
to the system.
See your dealer/retailer or a
locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key
blank that is cut exactly as the
ignition key that operates the system.
To program the new key:
1. Verify that the new key has
a 1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the already programmed
key in the ignition and start the
engine. If the engine does not
start, see your dealer/retailer
for service.
2-13
3. After the engine has started, turn
the key to LOCK/OFF, and
remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed
and turn it to the ON/RUN
position within five seconds of
the original key being turned
to the LOCK/OFF position.
The security light turns off once
the key has been programmed.
5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4
if additional keys are to be
programmed.
If the PASS-Key® III+ key is lost or
damaged, see your dealer/retailer
or a locksmith to have a new
key made.
Do not leave the key or device that
disarms or deactivates the theft
deterrent system in the vehicle.
2-14
Features and Controls
Starting and
Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: The vehicle does
not need an elaborate break-in.
But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these
guidelines:
• Do not tow a trailer during
break-in. See Towing a
Trailer on page 4-26 for the
trailer towing capabilities
of your vehicle and more
information.
Following break-in, engine speed
and load can be gradually
increased.
Ignition Positions
• Do not drive at any one
Notice: Using a tool to force the
key to turn in the ignition could
cause damage to the switch
or break the key. Use the correct
key, make sure it is all the
way in, and turn it only with
your hand. If the key cannot be
turned by hand, see your
dealer/retailer.
LOCK/OFF: This position locks the
ignition. It also locks the steering
wheel and the transmission. The key
can only be removed in LOCK/OFF.
The shift lever must be in P (Park) to
turn the ignition switch to LOCK/OFF.
constant speed, fast or slow,
for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Do not make full-throttle
starts. Avoid downshifting to
brake or slow the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for
the first 200 miles (322 km)
or so. During this time the
new brake linings are not yet
broken in. Hard stops with new
linings can mean premature
wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you
get new brake linings.
To shift out of P (Park), turn the
ignition to ON/RUN and apply
the regular brake pedal.
The ignition switch has four different
positions.
The steering can bind with the
wheels turned off center. If this
happens, move the steering wheel
from right to left while turning the key
to ACC/ACCESSORY. If this doesn’t
work, the vehicle needs service.
Features and Controls
ACC (ACC/ACCESSORY): This is
the position in which you can operate
the electrical accessories or items
plugged into the accessory power
outlets.
Use this position if the vehicle must
be pushed or towed.
ON/RUN: This position can be used
to operate the electrical accessories
and to display some instrument
panel cluster warning and indicator
lights. The switch stays in this
position when the engine is running.
The transmission is also unlocked in
this position. If you leave the key in
the ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN
positions with the engine off, the
battery could be drained. You may
not be able to start the vehicle if the
battery is allowed to drain for an
extended period of time.
START: This is the position that
starts the engine. When the engine
starts, release the key. The ignition
switch returns to ON/RUN for driving.
Starting the Engine
(Automatic Engine
Start/Stop)
A warning tone will sound when the
driver door is opened, the ignition is
in ACC/ACCESSORY or LOCK/OFF
and the key is in the ignition.
Place the transmission in the
proper gear.
Retained Accessory
Power (RAP)
These vehicle accessories may be
used for up to 10 minutes after
the ignition key is turned off:
• Outside Mirror
• Power Windows
• Radio
All these features work when the
ignition key is in the ON/RUN
or ACC/ACCESSORY positions,
until a door is opened.
2-15
Move the shift lever to P (Park) or
N (Neutral). The engine will not start
in any other position. To restart the
engine when the vehicle is already
moving, use N (Neutral) only.
Notice: Do not try to shift to
P (Park) if the vehicle is moving.
If you do, you could damage
the transmission. Shift to P (Park)
only when the vehicle is stopped.
Starting Procedure
1. With your foot off the accelerator
pedal, turn the ignition key to
START. When the engine starts,
let go of the key. The idle speed
will go down as your engine gets
warm. Do not race the engine
immediately after starting it.
2-16
Features and Controls
Operate the engine and
transmission gently to allow the
oil to warm up and lubricate all
moving parts.
The vehicle has a
Computer-Controlled Cranking
System. This feature assists in
starting the engine and protects
components. If the ignition key is
turned to the START position,
and then released when the
engine begins cranking, the
engine will continue cranking for a
few seconds or until the vehicle
starts. If the engine does not start
and the key is held in START,
cranking stops after 15 seconds
to prevent cranking motor
damage. To prevent gear
damage, this system also
prevents cranking if the engine is
already running. Engine cranking
can be stopped by turning the
ignition switch to the ACC/
ACCESSORY or LOCK/OFF
position.
Notice: Cranking the engine for
long periods of time, by returning
the key to the START position
immediately after cranking has
ended, can overheat and damage
the cranking motor, and drain the
battery. Wait at least 15 seconds
between each try, to let the
cranking motor cool down.
2. If the engine does not start after
5-10 seconds, especially in
very cold weather (below 0°F
or −18°C), it could be flooded with
too much gasoline. Try pushing
the accelerator pedal all the way
to the floor and holding it there as
you hold the key in START for a
maximum of 15 seconds. Wait at
least 15 seconds between each
try, to allow the cranking motor to
cool down. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and
accelerator. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again,
repeat the procedure. This clears
the extra gasoline from the
engine. Do not race the engine
immediately after starting it.
Operate the engine and
transmission gently until the oil
warms up and lubricates all
moving parts.
Notice: Your engine is designed
to work with the electronics in
your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine
operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your
dealer/retailer. If you do not,
your engine might not perform
properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by your
vehicle’s warranty.
Features and Controls
Automatic Engine Start/Stop
{ CAUTION
There is something about the
vehicle that can make it move
suddenly, and you or others can
be seriously injured. This can
happen if the vehicle is in the
Auto Stop mode, and the shift
lever is in D (Drive). Because the
vehicle has the Automatic Engine
Start/Stop feature, the vehicle’s
engine might seem to be shut off
when you come to a complete
stop. However, if you then start to
exit the vehicle, as soon as you
take your foot off the brake pedal,
the engine will start again and the
vehicle can move forward. If you
are going to exit the vehicle,
first shift to P (Park) and turn the
ignition to LOCK/OFF. Then exit.
The vehicle has an automatic
engine start/stop feature that is
a part of the hybrid system. After the
engine is started and has reached
operating temperature, the AUTO
STOP feature may turn the
engine off when you apply the
brakes and come to a complete
stop. When you take your foot
off the brake pedal or press the
accelerator pedal, the engine
will start. The engine will continue
to run until the next AUTO STOP.
The AUTO STOP mark on the
tachometer indicates that the engine
is in AUTO STOP mode. If the
driver door is opened while in AUTO
STOP mode, a chime will sound.
2-17
If you are on an incline, the vehicle
may roll backwards a short distance
until the engine performs an AUTO
START. The Hill Start Assist feature
will help start the vehicle on a
moderate or steep incline. To restart
the engine during the AUTO STOP,
release the brake pedal or press the
accelerator pedal. The engine starts
immediately. The vehicle continues
to run until the next stop.
There are several conditions that
may prevent an AUTO STOP
or cause an AUTO START.
2-18
Features and Controls
The Engine Will Remain
Running When:
• The engine, transmission, or
hybrid battery is not warmed
up yet.
• The outside temperature is
high — usually above
95°F (35°C) and the climate
control system is working to
cool the vehicle in A/C mode
(yellow light illuminated on
A/C button) or if defrost is
selected. See Automatic Climate
Control System on page 3-17
for more information.
• The shift lever is in P (Park),
R (Reverse), N (Neutral) or
M (Manual Mode).
• The hybrid battery pack
charge is low.
• The 12V vehicle battery charge
is low, or loads are high.
• The hood is not fully closed.
The Engine Will Restart When:
• The brake pedal is released.
• The accelerator pedal is applied.
• When shifting from D (Drive)
to P (Park), R (Reverse),
N (Neutral) or M (Manual Mode),
the engine will restart
immediately.
• If the A/C button (green light
illuminated on A/C) button is
selected, the duration of
the AUTO STOP will depend on
the outside temperature. This
economy mode improves
fuel economy by limiting the
effects of the air conditioning.
The warmer it is outside,
the shorter the time before the
engine is restarted to provide
cabin cooling.
• The climate control system is
turned from Off to On (econ
or normal A/C, or floor/
defog/defrost) See Automatic
Climate Control System on
page 3-17 for more information.
• The engine is required to run for
either heater or climate control
performance. See “Air
Conditioning and Engine
Start/Stop” under Automatic
Climate Control System on
page 3-17 for more information.
• The hybrid battery pack charge is
low and requires recharging.
• Auto Stop time is greater than
two minutes.
Features and Controls
Engine Coolant Heater
The engine coolant heater can
provide easier starting and better
fuel economy during engine
warm-up in cold weather conditions
at or below 0°F (−18°C). Vehicles
with an engine coolant heater should
be plugged in at least four hours
before starting. Some models
may have an internal thermostat
in the cord which will prevent engine
coolant heater operation at
temperatures above 0°F (−18°C).
To Use the Engine Coolant
Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the
electrical cord. The engine
coolant heater cord is located
near the air cleaner box on
the passenger side of the engine
compartment. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-10 for more information
on location.
3. Plug the cord into a normal,
grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
2-19
{ CAUTION
Plugging the cord into an
ungrounded outlet could cause an
electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could
overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug
the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet.
If the cord will not reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension
cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be
sure to unplug and store the
cord as it was before to keep
it away from moving engine
parts. If you do not, it could be
damaged.
The length of time the heater should
remain plugged in depends on
several factors. Ask a dealer/retailer
in the area where you will be
parking the vehicle for the best
advice on this.
2-20
Features and Controls
Automatic Transmission
Operation
The shift lever is located on the
console between the seats.
There are several different positions
for the automatic transmission.
P (Park): This position locks the
front wheels. It is the best position
to use when you start the engine
because the vehicle cannot
move easily.
{ CAUTION
It is dangerous to get out of the
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully
in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
Do not leave the vehicle when the
engine is running unless you have
to. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set the
parking brake and move the shift
lever to P (Park). See Shifting Into
Park on page 2-23. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a
Trailer on page 4-26.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in
P (Park) before starting the engine.
The vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control
system. You have to fully apply the
regular brakes first and then press
the shift lever button before you can
shift from P (Park) when the ignition
key is in RUN. If you cannot shift out
of P (Park), ease pressure on the
shift lever and push the shift lever all
the way into P (Park) as you maintain
brake application. Then press the
shift lever button and move the shift
lever into another gear. See Shifting
Out of Park on page 2-25.
R (Reverse): Use this gear to
back up.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse)
while the vehicle is moving
forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse)
only after the vehicle is stopped.
To rock the vehicle back and
forth to get out of snow, ice or sand
without damaging the transmission,
see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in
Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on
page 4-17.
Features and Controls
N (Neutral): In this position, the
engine does not connect with
the wheels. To restart the engine
when the vehicle is already moving,
use N (Neutral) only. Also, use
N (Neutral) when your vehicle is
being towed.
Notice: Shifting out of P (Park)
or N (Neutral) with the engine
running at high speed may
damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Be sure
the engine is not running at high
speed when shifting the vehicle.
{ CAUTION
D (Drive): This position is for normal
driving with the automatic
transmission. It provides the best
fuel economy. If you need more
power for passing, and you are:
Shifting into a drive gear while the
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is
firmly on the brake pedal, the
vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift into
a drive gear while the engine is
running at high speed.
• Going less than about 35 mph
(55 km/h), push the accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h),
push the accelerator all the
way down.
2-21
Downshifting the transmission in
slippery road conditions could result
in skidding, see “Skidding” under
Loss of Control on page 4-11.
M (Manual Mode): This position
allows you to change gears similar
to a manual transmission. If the
vehicle has this feature, see Manual
Shift Mode.
Notice: Spinning the tires or
holding the vehicle in one place
on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage
the transmission. The repair
will not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. If you are stuck, do
not spin the tires. When stopping
on a hill, use the brakes to
hold the vehicle in place.
2-22
Features and Controls
Manual Shift Mode (MSM)
(Automatic Transmission)
To use this feature, do the following:
1. Move the shift lever from
D (Drive) rearward to the
M (Manual Mode).
The display will show a 3 for
third gear.
When coming to a stop in
the manual position, the
vehicle will automatically shift
to 1 (First) gear.
2. Press the plus (+) button to
upshift or the minus (−) button
to downshift.
While driving in MSM, the vehicle
will have sportier performance. Use
this when you want the vehicle
to stay in gear longer or to downshift
for more power or engine braking.
The transmission will only allow you
to shift into a gear range appropriate
for the vehicle speed.
Parking Brake
• The transmission will not
automatically shift to the next
higher gear range without
pressing the button on the
shifter handle.
• The transmission will not allow
shifting to the next lower gear
if the vehicle speed is too high.
If the vehicle does not respond to a
gear change, or detects a problem
with the transmission, the range
of gears may be reduced and
the Malfunction Indicator Lamp
will come on. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 3-30.
The parking brake lever is located in
the center console between the
front seats.
To set the parking brake, hold the
brake pedal down and pull up on the
parking brake lever. If the ignition
is in ON/RUN, the brake system
warning light will come on.
Features and Controls
To release the parking brake, hold
the brake pedal down. Pull the
parking brake lever up until you can
press the release button. Hold
the release button in as you move
the brake lever all the way down.
Release the parking brake
before driving the vehicle.
Notice: Driving with the parking
brake on can overheat the
brake system and cause
premature wear or damage to
brake system parts. Make
sure that the parking brake is
fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
Regenerative Braking
Regenerative braking takes some of
the energy from the moving
vehicle and turns it back into
electrical energy. This energy is
then stored back into the vehicle’s
hybrid battery system, contributing
to increased fuel efficiency.
The system works whenever you
take your foot off the accelerator
pedal while the vehicle is moving in a
forward gear. This causes the
vehicle to slow down more quickly. It
may feel like the brake pedal is being
pressed, even when it is not.
2-23
Shifting Into Park
{ CAUTION
It can be dangerous to get out of
the vehicle if the shift lever is not
fully in P (Park) with the parking
brake firmly set. The vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you are pulling a
trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-26.
1. Hold the brake pedal down and
set the parking brake. See
Parking Brake on page 2-22 for
more information.
2. Move the shift lever into P (Park)
by pressing the button on the
shift lever and pushing the lever
all the way toward the front of
the vehicle.
2-24
Features and Controls
3. Turn the ignition key to
LOCK/OFF.
4. Remove the key and take it with
you. If you can leave the vehicle
with the key, the vehicle is in
P (Park).
Leaving the Vehicle With the
Engine Running
{ CAUTION
It can be dangerous to leave the
vehicle with the engine running.
The vehicle could move suddenly
if the shift lever is not fully in
P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it
could overheat and even catch
fire. You or others could be
injured. Do not leave the vehicle
with the engine running.
If you have to leave the vehicle
with the engine running, be sure
the vehicle is in P (Park) and
the parking brake is firmly set before
you leave it. After you have
moved the shift lever into P (Park),
hold the regular brake pedal
down. Then, see if you can move
the shift lever away from P (Park)
without first pressing the button
on the console shift lever. If you can,
it means that the shift lever was
not fully locked into P (Park).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you
do not shift the transmission into
P (Park) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on
the parking pawl in the transmission.
You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of P (Park). This is
called “torque lock.” To prevent
torque lock, set the parking brake
and then shift into P (Park) properly
before you leave the driver seat. To
find out how, see Shifting Into Park
on page 2-23.
When you are ready to drive, move
the shift lever out of P (Park) before
you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may
need to have another vehicle
push yours a little uphill to take
some of the pressure from the
parking pawl in the transmission, so
you can pull the shift lever out of
P (Park).
Features and Controls
Shifting Out of Park
The vehicle has an electronic shift
lock release system. The shift
lock release is designed to:
If the vehicle has an uncharged
battery or a battery with low voltage,
try charging or jump starting the
battery. See Jump Starting on
page 5-28 for more information.
• Prevent ignition key removal
To shift out of P (Park):
unless the shift lever is in
P (Park) with the shift lever
button fully released.
• Prevent movement of the shift
lever out of P (Park), unless
the ignition is in ON/RUN and the
regular brake pedal is applied.
The shift lock release is always
functional except in the case of an
uncharged or low voltage (less
than 9 volt) battery.
1. Apply the brake pedal.
2. Press the shift lever button.
3. Move the shift lever to the
desired position.
If you still are unable to shift out of
P (Park):
1. Fully release the shift lever
button.
2. Hold the brake pedal down and
press the shift lever button
again.
3. Move the shift lever to the
desired position.
2-25
If you still cannot move the shift
lever from P (Park), consult
your dealer/retailer or a professional
towing service.
Parking Over Things
That Burn
{ CAUTION
Things that can burn could touch
hot exhaust parts under the
vehicle and ignite. Do not park
over papers, leaves, dry grass, or
other things that can burn.
2-26
Features and Controls
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Engine exhaust contains Carbon
Monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. Exposure to CO
can cause unconsciousness and
even death.
Exhaust may enter the vehicle if:
• The vehicle idles in areas
with poor ventilation (parking
garages, tunnels, deep snow
that may block underbody
airflow or tail pipes).
• The exhaust smells or
sounds strange or different.
• The exhaust system leaks
due to corrosion or damage.
• The vehicle’s exhaust system
has been modified, damaged
or improperly repaired.
(Continued)
(Continued)
• There are holes or openings
in the vehicle body from
damage or after-market
modifications that are not
completely sealed.
If unusual fumes are detected or if
it is suspected that exhaust is
coming into the vehicle:
• Drive it only with the windows
completely down.
• Have the vehicle repaired
immediately.
Never park the vehicle with the
engine running in an enclosed
area such as a garage or a
building that has no fresh air
ventilation.
Running the Vehicle
While Parked
It is better not to park with the
engine running. But if you ever have
to, here are some things to know.
{ CAUTION
Exiting the vehicle, without first
shifting into P (Park), may cause
the vehicle to move, and you or
others can be seriously injured.
Because the vehicle has the
Automatic Engine Start/Stop
feature, the vehicle’s engine might
seem to be shut off when you
come to a complete stop.
However, once the brake pedal is
released, the vehicle can move.
The vehicle’s engine can also
restart at any time.
Shift to P (Park) and turn the
ignition to LOCK/OFF, before
exiting the vehicle.
Features and Controls
{ CAUTION
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed
area with poor ventilation is
dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust
contains Carbon Monoxide (CO)
which cannot be seen or smelled.
It can cause unconsciousness
and even death. Never run the
engine in an enclosed area that
has no fresh air ventilation. For
more information, see Engine
Exhaust on page 2-26.
Follow the proper steps to be sure
the vehicle will not move. See
Shifting Into Park on page 2-23.
If parking on a hill and pulling
a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-26.
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
The vehicle has a manual rearview
mirror. It can be adjusted by
holding the mirror in the center to
move it for a clearer view behind
your vehicle. Reduce the glare
of headlamps from behind by
pushing the lever forward or pulling
it back for daytime/nighttime use.
Automatic Dimming
Rearview Mirror
The vehicle has an automatic
dimming rearview mirror.
Vehicles with OnStar® have
three additional control buttons
for the OnStar® system. See your
dealer/retailer for more information
2-27
about OnStar® and how to subscribe
to it. See OnStar® System on
page 2-29 for more information
about the services OnStar®
provides.
O (On/Off): Press to turn the
dimming feature on or off.
Automatic Dimming Mirror
Operation
The automatic dimming mirror
reduces the glare from the
headlamps of the vehicle behind
you. The dimming feature comes on
and the indicator light illuminates
each time the ignition is turned
to start.
2-28
Features and Controls
Outside Power Mirrors
To adjust the power mirrors:
1. Turn the knob to choose the
left (L) or the (R) right mirror.
2. Adjust each mirror so that you can
see the side of your vehicle and
the area behind your vehicle.
3. Return the control to the center
position so the mirror cannot be
moved.
The mirrors can be manually folded
inward toward the vehicle. Return
to the original position to use
correctly.
Controls for the outside power
mirrors are located on the
driver door.
Outside Convex Mirror
{ CAUTION
A convex mirror can make things
(like other vehicles) look farther
away than they really are. If you
cut too sharply into the right lane,
you could hit a vehicle on the
right. Check the inside mirror or
glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
The passenger side mirror is convex
shaped. A convex mirror’s surface
is curved so more can be seen from
the driver seat.
Outside Heated Mirrors
For vehicles with outside heated
mirrors:
= (Rear Window Defogger):
Press to heat the outside rearview
mirrors. See “Rear Window
Defogger” under Automatic Climate
Control System on page 3-17 for
more information.
Features and Controls
OnStar® System
OnStar uses several innovative
technologies and live advisors to
provide a wide range of safety,
security, information, and
convenience services. If the airbags
deploy, the system is designed to
make an automatic call to OnStar
Emergency advisors who can
request emergency services be sent
to your location. If the keys are
locked in the vehicle, call OnStar at
1-888-4-ONSTAR to have a signal
sent to unlock the doors. OnStar
Hands-Free Calling, including 30 trial
minutes good for 60 days, is
available on most vehicles. OnStar
Turn-by-Turn Navigation service,
with one trial route, is available on
most vehicles. Press the OnStar
button to have an OnStar advisor
contact Roadside Service.
OnStar service is provided subject
to the OnStar Terms and Conditions
included in the OnStar Subscriber
glove box literature.
Some services such as Remote
Door Unlock or Stolen Vehicle
Location Assistance may not be
available until the owner of the
vehicle registers with OnStar. After
the first prepaid year, contact
OnStar to select a monthly or annual
subscription payment plan. If a
payment plan is not selected, the
OnStar system and all services,
including airbag notification
and emergency services, may be
deactivated and no longer available.
For more information visit
www.onstar.com (U.S.) or
www.onstar.ca (Canada), or press
the OnStar button to speak with
an advisor.
2-29
Not all OnStar services are available
on all vehicles. To check if this
vehicle is able to provide the
services described below, or for a
full description of OnStar services
and system limitations, see the
OnStar Owner’s Guide in the glove
box or visit www.onstar.com
(U.S.) or www.onstar.ca (Canada),
contact OnStar at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827) or TTY
1-877-248-2080, or press the
OnStar button to speak with an
OnStar advisor 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.
OnStar Services Available
with the Safe & Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of
Airbag Deployment
• Advanced Automatic Crash
Notification (AACN) (If equipped)
• Link to Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Location
Assistance
2-30
Features and Controls
• Remote Door Unlock/
Vehicle Alert
• OnStar Vehicle Diagnostic Email
• GM Goodwrench On Demand
Diagnostics
• OnStar Hands-Free Calling
with 30 trial minutes
• OnStar Virtual Advisor
(U.S. Only)
OnStar Services Included with
Directions & Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• OnStar Turn-by-Turn Navigation
(If equipped) or Driving
Directions - Advisor delivered
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience
Services
OnStar Hands-Free Calling
OnStar Hands-Free Calling allows
eligible OnStar subscribers to
make and receive calls using voice
commands. Hands-Free Calling
is fully integrated into the vehicle,
and can be used with OnStar
Pre-Paid Minute Packages. Most
vehicles include 30 trial minutes
good for 60 days. Hands-Free
Calling can also be linked to a
Verizon Wireless service plan in
the U.S. or a Bell Mobility service
plan in Canada, depending on
eligibility. To find out more, refer to
the OnStar Owner’s Guide in
the vehicle’s glove box, visit
www.onstar.com or www.onstar.ca,
or speak with an OnStar advisor
by pressing the OnStar button
or calling 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827).
OnStar Turn-by-Turn
Navigation
Vehicles with the OnStar
Turn-by-Turn Navigation system
can provide voice-guided driving
directions. Press the OnStar button
to have an OnStar advisor locate a
business or address and download
driving directions to the vehicle.
Voice-guided directions to the
desired destination will play through
the audio system speakers. See the
OnStar Owner’s Guide for more
information.
OnStar Virtual Advisor
OnStar Virtual Advisor is a feature of
OnStar Hands-Free Calling that uses
minutes to access location-based
weather, local traffic reports, and
stock quotes. Press the phone button
and give a few simple voice
commands to browse through the
various topics. See the OnStar
Owner’s Guide for more information.
This feature is only available in the
continental U.S.
Features and Controls
OnStar Steering Wheel
Controls
This vehicle may have a Talk/Mute
button that can be used to
interact with OnStar Hands-Free
Calling. See Audio Steering Wheel
Controls on page 3-82 for more
information.
OnStar voice command does not
work unless Personal Calling
is activated. To activate Personal
Calling, see the OnStar Owner’s
Guide.
On some vehicles, the mute button
can be used to dial numbers
into voice mail systems, or to dial
phone extensions. See the OnStar
Owner’s Guide for more
information.
How OnStar Service Works
The OnStar system can record and
transmit vehicle information. This
information is automatically sent to
an OnStar Call Center when the
OnStar button is pressed, the
emergency button is pressed, or if
the airbags or AACN system deploy.
This information usually includes
the vehicles GPS location and,
in the event of a crash, additional
information regarding the crash that
the vehicle was involved in (e.g.
the direction from which the vehicle
was hit). When the Virtual Advisor
feature of OnStar Hands-Free
Calling is used, the vehicle also
sends OnStar the vehicles
GPS location so they can provide
services where it is located.
OnStar service cannot work unless
the vehicle is in a place where
OnStar has an agreement with a
wireless service provider for service
in that area. OnStar service also
cannot work unless the vehicle is in
2-31
a place where the wireless service
provider OnStar has hired for
that area has coverage, network
capacity and reception when
the service is needed, and
technology that is compatible with
the OnStar service. Not all services
are available everywhere,
particularly in remote or enclosed
areas, or at all times.
Location information about the
vehicle is only available if the GPS
satellite signals are unobstructed
and available.
The vehicle must have a working
electrical system, including adequate
battery power, for the OnStar
equipment to operate. There are
other problems OnStar cannot
control that may prevent OnStar from
providing OnStar service at any
particular time or place. Some
examples are damage to important
parts of the vehicle in a crash, hills,
tall buildings, tunnels, weather or
wireless phone network congestion.
2-32
Features and Controls
Your Responsibility
Increase the volume of the radio if
the OnStar advisor cannot be heard.
If the light next to the OnStar
buttons is red, the system may not
be functioning properly. Press
the OnStar button and request a
vehicle diagnostic. If the light
appears clear (no light is appearing),
your OnStar subscription has
expired and all services have been
deactivated. Press the OnStar
button to confirm that the OnStar
equipment is active.
Universal Home
Remote System
The Universal Home Remote
System provides a way to
replace up to three hand-held
Radio-Frequency (RF) transmitters
used to activate devices such
as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with
RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the
device.
Changes or modifications to
this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Features and Controls
Universal Home Remote
System Operation
If there is one triangular Light
Emitting Diode (LED) indicator light
above the Universal Home
Remote buttons, follow the
instructions below.
This system provides a way to
replace up to three remote control
transmitters used to activate devices
such as garage door openers,
security systems, and home
automation devices.
Do not use the Universal Home
Remote with any garage door
opener that does not have the stop
and reverse feature. This includes
any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Read the instructions completely
before attempting to program the
Universal Home Remote. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful
to have another person available to
assist you in the programming the
Universal Home Remote.
Keep the original hand-held
transmitter for use in other vehicles
as well as for future Universal
Home Remote programming. It is
also recommended that upon
the sale of the vehicle, the
programmed Universal Home
Remote buttons should be erased
for security purposes. See “Erasing
Universal Home Remote Buttons”
later in this section.
2-33
When programming a garage door,
park outside of the garage. Park
directly in line with and facing
the garage door opener motor-head
or gate motor-head. Be sure that
people and objects are clear of the
garage door or gate that is being
programmed.
It is recommended that a new
battery be installed in your
hand-held transmitter for quicker
and more accurate transmission of
the radio-frequency signal.
Programming the Universal
Home Remote System
For questions or help programming
the Universal Home Remote
System, call 1-800-355-3515
or go to homelink.com.
Programming a garage door opener
involves time-sensitive actions,
so read the entire procedure before
starting. Otherwise, the device
will time out and the procedure will
have to be repeated.
2-34
Features and Controls
To program up to three devices:
1. From inside the vehicle, press
and hold down the two outside
buttons at the same time,
releasing only when the Universal
Home Remote indicator light
begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
This step will erase the factory
settings or all previously
programmed buttons.
Do not hold down the buttons for
longer than 30 seconds and do
not repeat this step to program
the remaining two Universal
Home Remote buttons.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held
transmitter about 1 to 3 inches
(3 to 8 cm) away from the
Universal Home Remote buttons
while keeping the indicator light in
view. The hand-held transmitter
was supplied by the manufacturer
of your garage door opener
receiver (motor head unit).
3. At the same time, press and hold
both the Universal Home Remote
button to be used to control the
garage door and the hand-held
transmitter button. Do not release
the Universal Home Remote
button or the hand-held
transmitter button until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage
door openers may require
substitution of Step 3 with the
procedure noted in “Gate
Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this
section.
4. The indicator light on the
Universal Home Remote
will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after Universal Home
Remote successfully receives
the frequency signal from
the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained
Universal Home Remote button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on
continuously, the programming is
complete and the garage door
should move when the Universal
Home Remote button is pressed
and released. There is no need to
continue programming Steps 6
through 8.
If the Universal Home Remote
indicator light blinks rapidly
for two seconds and then turns
to a constant light, continue
with the programming Steps 6
through 8.
Features and Controls
It may be helpful to have another
person assist with the remaining
steps.
6. After Steps 1 through 5 have
been completed, locate inside
the garage the garage door
opener receiver (motor-head
unit). Locate the “Learn” or
“Smart” button. The name and
color of the button may vary
by manufacturer.
7. Firmly press and release the
“Learn” or “Smart” button.
After you press this button,
you will have 30 seconds
to complete Step 8.
8. Immediately return to the vehicle.
Firmly press and hold the
Universal Home Remote button,
chosen in Step 3 to control
the garage door, for two seconds,
and then release it. If the
garage door does not move,
press and hold the same button
a second time for two seconds,
and then release it. Again, if
the door does not move, press
and hold the same button a
third time for two seconds, and
then release.
The Universal Home Remote
should now activate the
garage door.
2-35
To program the remaining
two Universal Home Remote
buttons, begin with Step 2 of
“Programming the Universal Home
Remote System.” Do not repeat
Step 1, as this will erase all previous
programming from the Universal
Home Remote buttons.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
If you have questions or need
help programming the Universal
Home Remote System, call
1-800-355-3515 or go to
homelink.com.
Canadian radio-frequency laws
require transmitter signals to time
out or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long
enough for Universal Home Remote
to pick up the signal during
programming. Similarly, some U.S.
gate operators are manufactured to
time out in the same manner.
2-36
Features and Controls
If you live in Canada, or you are
having difficulty programming a gate
operator or garage door opener
by using the “Programming
Universal Home Remote”
procedures, regardless of where
you live, replace Step 3 under
“Programming Universal Home
Remote” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the
Universal Home Remote button
while you press and release every
two seconds (cycle) the hand-held
transmitter button until the frequency
signal has been successfully
accepted by the Universal Home
Remote. The Universal Home
Remote indicator light will flash
slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under
“Programming Universal Home
Remote” to complete.
To erase all programmed buttons on
the Universal Home Remote device:
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate
Universal Home Remote button for
at least half of a second. The
indicator light will come on while the
signal is being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home
Remote Buttons
The programmed buttons should be
erased when the vehicle is sold
or the lease ends.
1. Press and hold down the
two outside buttons until the
indicator light begins to flash,
after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
Features and Controls
Reprogramming a Single
Universal Home Remote
Button
Storage Areas
To reprogram any of the three
Universal Home Remote buttons,
repeat the programming instructions
earlier in this section, beginning
with Step 2.
To open the glove box, lift up on the
lever. The glove box divider can
be removed. The slots on the
left side are for storing the divider.
For help or information on the
Universal Home Remote System,
call the customer assistance phone
number under Customer Assistance
Offices on page 7-5.
Cupholders
Glove Box
2-37
Sunglasses Storage
Compartment
Your vehicle may have a sunglasses
storage compartment located near
the rearview mirror. Push the
cover to open.
Center Console Storage
There are cupholders located in
front of and behind the center
console.
To access the cupholders behind
the center console, push the button.
Your vehicle has a center console
with an upper, lower and rear
storage area. To access the upper
storage area, lift up on the top
lever. To access the lower storage
area, lift up on the bottom lever.
2-38
Features and Controls
The top of the center console can
extend forward. To adjust, hold
the top of the lever up and pull the
top of the center console forward.
Driver Storage
Compartment
Your vehicle has a storage area
located to left of the steering wheel.
Pull down on the handle to access.
Rear Seat Armrest
Convenience Net
Use the convenience net, located in
the rear, to store small loads as
far forward as possible. The
net should not be used to store
heavy loads.
Cargo Cover
For vehicles with a cargo cover, use
it to cover items in the rear of the
vehicle.
To remove the cover and remove it
from the vehicle, pull both ends
toward each other. To reinstall,
place each end of the cover in the
holes behind the rear seat.
To open the cover of the the rear
storage area, push the button
located at the top.
To access the rear seat armrest, pull
the handle down. Lift the top of the
armrest to access the storage area.
Features and Controls
Cargo Tie Downs
The hooks hold the mesh pocket.
To insert a hook on the rail,
place the hook in the upper groove
of the rail and press it into the
lower groove.
Four cargo tie-downs are located in
the rear compartment of the
vehicle. The tie-downs can be used
to secure small loads.
Cargo Management
System
If the vehicle has a cargo
management system in the rear of
the vehicle, it will have rails with
adapters and hooks. These are used
to hold the net and mesh pocket.
2-39
The adapters are used to hold the
net. Slide the adapters to the
desired location on the upper and
lower rail and turn the handle
up to lock it in place. Compress the
rods of the net and insert them
into the corresponding openings of
the adapter. The longer rod is
for the upper adapter.
2-40
Features and Controls
✍ NOTES
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel
Overview
Instrument Panel
Overview ...........................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ...3-5
Horn ...................................3-5
Tilt Wheel ...........................3-6
Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever ................................3-6
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals .............................3-6
Headlamp High/
Low-Beam Changer ..........3-7
Flash-to-Pass ......................3-7
Windshield Wipers ..............3-7
Rainsense™ II Wipers ........3-8
Windshield Washer .............3-8
Rear Window Wiper/
Washer .............................3-9
Cruise Control ....................3-9
Exterior Lamps ..................3-12
Wiper Activated
Headlamps ......................3-12
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) ..................3-13
Automatic Headlamp
System ............................3-13
Instrument Panel
Brightness .......................3-14
Dome Lamp ......................3-14
Entry Lighting ....................3-14
Reading Lamps .................3-14
Electric Power
Management ...................3-14
Battery Run-Down
Protection ........................3-15
Accessory Power
Outlet(s) ..........................3-16
Climate Controls
Automatic Climate
Control System ................3-17
Outlet Adjustment .............3-22
3-1
Warning Lights, Gages,
and Indicators
Warning Lights, Gages,
and Indicators .................3-22
Instrument Panel Cluster ...3-23
Speedometer and
Odometer ........................3-24
Trip Odometer ..................3-24
Tachometer .......................3-24
Safety Belt Reminders ......3-24
Airbag Readiness Light .....3-25
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator ..........................3-26
Charging System Light ......3-27
Brake System Warning
Light ................................3-27
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning Light .......3-28
StabiliTrak®/Traction
Control System (TCS)
Warning Light ..................3-28
Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning
Light ................................3-29
3-2
Instrument Panel
Tire Pressure Light ...........3-29
Malfunction
Indicator Lamp ................3-30
Oil Pressure Light .............3-33
Change Engine Oil Light ...3-33
Security Light ....................3-33
Cruise Control Light ..........3-33
Highbeam On Light ...........3-34
Low Washer Fluid
Warning Light ..................3-34
Fuel Gage ........................3-34
Low Fuel Warning Light ....3-34
Auto Stop Mode ................3-35
Charge/Assist Gage ..........3-35
Fuel Economy Light ..........3-35
Driver Information
Center (DIC)
Driver Information
Center (DIC) ...................3-36
DIC Operation and
Displays ..........................3-36
DIC Compass ...................3-40
DIC Warnings and
Messages ........................3-42
DIC Vehicle
Customization ..................3-49
Audio System(s)
Audio System(s) ................3-56
Setting the Clock ..............3-56
Radio(s) ............................3-58
Using an MP3 ...................3-66
XM Radio Messages .........3-71
Bluetooth® ........................3-72
Theft-Deterrent Feature .....3-82
Audio Steering Wheel
Controls ..........................3-82
Radio Reception ...............3-83
Fixed Mast Antenna ..........3-84
XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System ..............3-84
Chime Level Adjustment ...3-84
Instrument Panel
✍ NOTES
3-3
3-4
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview
Instrument Panel
The main components of the
instrument panel are the following:
A. Outlet Adjustment on
page 3-22.
B. Instrument Panel Brightness on
page 3-14.
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
on page 3-6.
D. Instrument Panel Cluster on
page 3-23.
E. Windshield Wipers on page 3-7.
F. Audio System(s) on page 3-56.
G. Auxiliary Input Jack. See
Radio(s) on page 3-58.
H. Exterior Lamps on page 3-12.
I. Driver Information Center
(DIC) on page 3-36.
J. Driver Storage Compartment on
page 2-38.
K. Hood Release on page 5-9.
L. Cruise Control on page 3-9.
M. Tilt Wheel on page 3-6.
N. Horn on page 3-5.
O. Audio Steering Wheel Controls
on page 3-82.
P. Rear Window Wiper/Washer on
page 3-9.
Q. Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-8
R. Shift Lever. See Automatic
Transmission Operation on
page 2-20.
S. Automatic Climate Control
System on page 3-17.
T. Hazard Warning Flashers on
page 3-5.
U. Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 3-26.
V. Safety Belt Reminders on
page 3-24.
W. Glove Box on page 2-37.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
| (Hazard Warning Flasher):
Press this button located on
the instrument panel, to make the
front and rear turn signal lamps flash
on and off. This warns others that
you are having trouble.
Press | again to turn the
flashers off.
Horn
Press near or on the horn symbols
on the steering wheel pad to
sound the horn.
3-6
Instrument Panel
Tilt Wheel
The tilt lever lets the steering wheel
be adjusted.
Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals
An arrow on the instrument panel
cluster flashes in the direction of the
turn or lane change.
The lever on the left side of the
steering column includes:
G:
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals
The tilt lever is located on the left
side of the steering column.
To adjust the steering wheel, hold
the wheel and push the lever down.
Then move the wheel to a
comfortable position and pull the
lever up firmly to lock the steering
column in place.
3 : Headlamp High/Low-Beam
Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature.
Information for these features is on
the pages following.
Move the lever all the way up or
down to signal a turn.
Raise or lower the lever until the
arrow starts to flash and then
release, to signal a lane change.
The turn signal flashes automatically
three times.
The lever returns to its starting
position whenever it is released.
If after signaling a turn or lane
change the arrow flashes rapidly or
does not come on, a signal bulb
may be burned out.
Instrument Panel
Have the bulbs replaced. If a bulb is
not burned out, check the fuse. See
Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-75 and for burned-out bulbs.
Headlamp High/
Low-Beam Changer
2 3 Headlamp High/Low Beam
Changer: Push the turn
signal/multifunction lever away from
you to turn the high beams on.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your
high-beam headlamps to signal a
driver in front of you that you want
to pass.
To flash the high beams
from low beam, pull the turn
signal/multifunction lever all the
way towards you. Then release it.
Windshield Wipers
Pull the lever towards you to return
to low beams.
3-7
8 (Mist):
For a single wiping
cycle. The lever returns to its
starting position when released. For
more cycles, hold the lever down
before releasing it.
9 (Off):
Turns the wipers off.
& (Intermittent):
Sets a delay
between wipes. To set for a shorter
or longer delay between wipes,
move the switch on top of the lever
left or right to decrease or
increase wiper movement.
a (Low): For slow, steady wiping
cycles.
1 (High):
This indicator light turns on in the
instrument panel cluster when
the high beam headlamps are on.
The windshield wiper lever is
located on the right side of the
steering column.
Push up or pull down on the lever to
place it in one of the following
positions.
For rapid wiping cycles.
Clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If the
wiper blades are frozen to the
windshield, gently loosen or thaw
them. If they become damaged,
install new blades or blade inserts.
See Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement on page 5-38.
3-8
Instrument Panel
Heavy snow or ice can overload the
wiper motor. A circuit breaker will
stop the motor until it cools down.
Rainsense™ II Wipers
For vehicles with Rainsense™ II
windshield wipers, the moisture
sensor is located next to the inside
rearview mirror and is mounted
on the windshield. When active,
these sensors are able to detect
moisture on the windshield and
automatically turn on the wipers.
To turn on the Rainsense feature,
the wipers must be set to one
of the five delay settings on the
multifunction lever. Each of the five
settings adjusts the sensitivity of
the sensor.
Since different drivers have
different setting preferences, it is
recommended that the mid-range
setting (position 3) be used initially.
For more wipes, select the higher
settings; for fewer wipes, select the
lower settings located closer to the
off position on the multifunction lever.
The sensor will automatically control
the frequency of the wipes from
the off setting to the high speed
setting according to the weather
conditions. The wipers can be left in
a rainsense mode even when it is
not raining.
When Rainsense is active, the
headlamps will turn on automatically
if the exterior lamp control is in
the AUTO position and the wipers
are active.
Notice: Going through an
automatic car wash with the
wipers on can damage them. Turn
the wipers off when going
through an automatic car wash.
Windshield Washer
{ CAUTION
In freezing weather, do not use
your washer until the windshield is
warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the
windshield, blocking your vision.
Pull the windshield wiper lever
toward you to spray washer fluid on
the windshield. The wipers will run
for a few cycles to clear the
windshield. For more wash cycles,
pull the lever forward and hold.
Heated Windshield Washer
Nozzles
This feature prevents the windshield
washer fluid from freezing on the
nozzle during cold conditions.
The heated nozzles are turned on
when the rear window defogger
is activated. See Automatic Climate
Control System on page 3-17.
Instrument Panel
Rear Window
Wiper/Washer
The rear wiper and rear wash
button is located on the instrument
panel above the climate control
system.
= (Rear Wiper/Washer): Press to
wash and wipe the rear window.
The rear window washer uses
the same reservoir as the windshield
washer. Check the windshield
washer reservoir level if the front
windshield can be worked, but
no fluid is sprayed when the rear
washer is activated. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-24.
5 (Delay): Press to turn the
delayed wiping on or off.
Cruise Control
3-9
{ CAUTION
With cruise control, the vehicle can
maintain a speed of about 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more without keeping
your foot on the accelerator.
Cruise control does not work at
speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h).
Cruise control can be dangerous
where you cannot drive safely at a
steady speed. So, do not use the
cruise control on winding roads or
in heavy traffic.
For vehicles with the StabiliTrak®
system that begins to limit wheel
spin while you are using cruise
control, the cruise control will
automatically disengage. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 4-7.
Cruise control can be dangerous
on slippery roads. On such roads,
fast changes in tire traction can
cause excessive wheel slip, and
you could lose control. Do not use
cruise control on slippery roads.
3-10
Instrument Panel
Setting Cruise Control
{ CAUTION
If you leave your cruise control on
when you are not using cruise,
you might hit a button and go into
cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even
lose control. Keep the cruise
control switch off until you want to
use cruise control.
E (On/Off): Press to turn the cruise
control system on and off. An
indicator light comes on.
RES+ (Resume/Accel): Move the
thumbwheel up to resume a set
speed or to accelerate to a higher
speed.
−SET(Set/Coast): Move the
thumbwheel down to set a speed or
to decrease the speed.
To set a speed:
1. Press E to turn cruise control on.
The indicator light on the button
comes on.
2. Get to the speed desired.
3. Press the thumbwheel toward
−SET and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator
pedal.
The cruise control buttons are
located on the left side of the
steering wheel.
When the brakes are applied, the
cruise control shuts off.
Resuming a Set Speed
If the cruise control is set at a
desired speed and then the brakes
are applied, the cruise control is
disengaged. The indicator light on
the instrument panel cluster goes
out when the cruise is no longer
engaged. To return to the previously
set speed, press the thumbwheel up
toward RES+ briefly when the
vehicle has reached a speed of
about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more.
This accelerates the vehicle to the
previously selected speed.
Increasing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
To increase the cruise speed while
using cruise control:
• Press the thumbwheel up toward
RES+ and hold it until the vehicle
accelerates to the desired speed,
and then release the switch.
Instrument Panel
• To increase the speed in small
amounts, press the thumbwheel
up toward RES+ briefly and then
release it. Each time this is done,
the vehicle goes about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.
• Use the accelerator pedal to
reach the desired speed
and press the thumbwheel
towards −SET. The new desired
speed must be greater than
the previous set speed by
typically 5 mph.
Reducing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
If the cruise control system is
already engaged,
• Push the thumbwheel toward
−SET and hold until the desired
lower speed is reached, then
release it.
• To slow down in very small
amounts, push the thumbwheel
toward −SET briefly. Each time
this is done, the vehicle goes
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While
Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to
increase the vehicle’s speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal,
the vehicle will slow down to
the previously set cruise control
speed.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well the cruise control works on
hills depends upon the vehicle’s
speed, load, and the steepness of
the hills. When going up steep
hills, you might have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain the
vehicle’s speed. When going
downhill, you might have to brake or
shift to a lower gear to maintain
the vehicle’s speed. For some
vehicles the transmission may
automatically downshift when going
down hills to help maintain the
vehicle’s speed. When the brakes
are applied the cruise control
shuts off.
3-11
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to disengage
the cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal or
clutch; when cruise control
disengages, the indicator light on
the instrument panel cluster
goes out.
• Press E to turn off the cruise
control system.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory
is erased when the cruise control or
the ignition is turned off.
3-12
Instrument Panel
Exterior Lamps
AUTO (Automatic): Automatically
turns the exterior lamps on and
off, depending on outside lighting.
; (Parking Lamps):
Turns on the
parking lamps together with the
following:
•
•
•
•
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
The exterior lamp control is located
on the instrument panel to the
left of the steering wheel.
2 (Headlamps):
The exterior lamp control can be
turned to the following positions:
Lamps On Reminder
9 (Off):
Turns off the exterior
lamps. The knob returns to
the AUTO position after it is
released.
Turns on the
headlamps, together with the
previously listed lamps and lights.
A warning chime sounds, if the driver
door is opened while the ignition is
off and the lamps are on.
Wiper Activated
Headlamps
This feature automatically turns
on the headlamps and parking
lamps if the exterior lamp control is
set in the AUTO position and the
windshield wipers are turned on and
have completed eight wipe cycles.
See Exterior Lamps on page 3-12
for additional information.
When the ignition is turned off,
the wiper-activated headlamps
immediately turn off. They also turn
off if the windshield wiper control
is turned off.
Instrument Panel
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can
make it easier for others to see
the front of your vehicle during the
day. Fully functional daytime
running lamps are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system makes the
low-beam headlamps come on
in daylight when the following
conditions are met:
• The engine is running,
• The exterior lamp band is in
AUTO, and
• The light sensor determines it is
daytime.
When the DRL are on, the low-beam
headlamps will be on. The taillamps,
sidemarker, instrument panel lights
and other lamps will not be on.
When the exterior lamp band is
turned to the headlamp position, the
regular headlamps will come on. The
other lamps that come on with the
headlamps will also come on.
3-13
Automatic Headlamp
System
When it is dark enough outside, the
headlamps come on automatically.
When the headlamps are turned off,
the regular lamps also turn off, and
the low-beam headlamps turn on.
The regular headlamp system
should be used when needed.
There is a light sensor located on top
of the instrument panel. Do not cover
the sensor or the headlamps will
come on when they are not needed.
The system may also turn on the
headlamps when driving through a
parking garage or tunnel.
3-14
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel
Brightness
This feature controls the brightness
of the instrument panel lights.
Dome Lamp
* (Dome Lamp Override):
Press
this button to keep the dome
lamps and other interior lamps
turned off while any door is open.
Press this button again to return it to
the out position and the lamps
automatically come on when any
door is opened.
+ (On/Off): Press this button to
turn the dome lamps on and off
while the doors are closed.
Entry Lighting
The thumbwheel for this feature is
located on the left side of the
steering wheel next to the exterior
lamps control.
Turn the thumbwheel to the right or
left to brighten or dim the lights.
If the dome lamp override button is
in the out position, the lamps
inside the vehicle automatically
come on when any door is opened
or when the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) unlock button is
pressed. After the door is opened
the lights remain on and stay on for
20 seconds after the doors are
closed, or until the key is put into
the ignition and turned to the
ACC/ACCESSORY position. The
lights will then gradually dim until it
is no longer lit.
Reading Lamps
The reading lamps are located on
the overhead console.
To turn the reading lamps on or off,
press the button located next to
each lamp.
Electric Power
Management
The vehicle has Electric Power
Management (EPM) that estimates
the battery’s temperature and
state of charge. It then adjusts the
voltage for best performance
and extended life of the battery.
When the battery’s state of charge is
low, the voltage is raised slightly to
quickly bring the charge back up.
When the state of charge is high, the
voltage is lowered slightly to prevent
overcharging. If the vehicle has a
voltmeter gage or a voltage display
Instrument Panel
on the Driver Information Center
(DIC), you may see the voltage move
up or down. This is normal. If there is
a problem, an alert will be displayed.
The battery can be discharged at
idle if the electrical loads are
very high. This is true for all
vehicles. This is because the
generator (alternator) may not be
spinning fast enough at idle to
produce all the power that is needed
for very high electrical loads.
A high electrical load occurs when
several of the following are on, such
as: headlamps, high beams, fog
lamps, rear window defogger,
climate control fan at high speed,
heated seats, engine cooling fans,
trailer loads, and loads plugged into
accessory power outlets.
EPM works to prevent excessive
discharge of the battery. It does this
by balancing the generator’s output
and the vehicle’s electrical needs. It
can increase engine idle speed to
generate more power, whenever
needed. It can temporarily reduce
the power demands of some
accessories.
Normally, these actions occur in
steps or levels, without being
noticeable. In rare cases at the
highest levels of corrective action,
this action may be noticeable to the
driver. If so, a Driver Information
Center (DIC) message might be
displayed, such as BATTERY
SAVER ACTIVE, BATTERY
VOLTAGE LOW, or LOW BATTERY.
If this message is displayed, it is
recommended that the driver reduce
the electrical loads as much as
possible. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-42.
3-15
Battery Run-Down
Protection
The battery saver feature is
designed to protect the vehicle’s
battery.
If any interior or exterior lamp is left
on and the ignition is turned off, the
battery rundown protection system
automatically turns the lamp off after
10 minutes.
3-16
Instrument Panel
Accessory Power
Outlet(s)
The accessory power outlets can be
used to connect electrical equipment,
such as a cellular phone.
The accessory power outlets are
located on the rear of the center
storage console and in the
rear cargo compartment. There may
be a power outlet located inside
the instrument panel storage
area below the climate controls.
To use the outlets, remove the cover.
When not in use, always cover the
outlet with the protective cap.
Notice: Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended
periods will drain the battery.
Always turn off electrical
equipment when not in use and
do not plug in equipment that
exceeds the maximum 20 ampere
rating.
Certain electrical accessories may
not be compatible with the
accessory power outlet and could
result in blown vehicle or adapter
fuses. If you experience a problem,
see your dealer/retailer for
additional information on the
accessory power outlet.
Notice: Adding any electrical
equipment to your vehicle
may damage it or keep other
components from working as they
should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty.
Check with your dealer/retailer
before adding electrical
equipment.
When adding electrical equipment,
be sure to follow the installation
instructions included with the
equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the
power outlet can cause damage
not covered by the warranty.
Do not hang any type of
accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the
power outlets are designed for
accessory power plugs only.
Instrument Panel
Climate Controls
Automatic Climate Control System
The heating, cooling, and ventilation for the vehicle can be controlled with
this system.
3-17
Climate Control Influence on
Hybrid Operation and Fuel
Economy
To maximize your fuel economy, use
the following settings (as indicated
by the green marking):
• Set the fan knob to AUTO.
• Set the air delivery knob
to AUTO.
• Select an air temperature setting
near 75°F (23°C).
• Select the Hybrid A/C button, if
A/C is required.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Fan Control
Temperature Control
Air Delivery Mode Control
Normal Air Conditioning
E. Hybrid Air Conditioning
F. Recirculation
G. Rear Window Defogger
Avoid using these settings that may
lead to fewer auto stops and to
higher fuel consumption:
• Manual fan speed operation.
• Defrost mode. Only use this
setting to clear the windows.
• Extreme cold or hot air
temperature settings, such as
60°F (16°C) or 90°F (32°C).
• Normal air conditioning mode, if
A/C is required.
3-18
Instrument Panel
Automatic Operation
This climate control system
automatically maintains the desired
temperature inside the vehicle.
Do not cover the sensor located on
the top of the instrument panel
near the windshield or the sensor
grille below the climate control
faceplate. These two sensors help
regulate the inside air temperature.
AUTO (Automatic Fan): Turn
the fan knob to AUTO for the system
to automatically adjust the fan
speed to reach the desired inside
temperature.
Temperature Control: Select the
desired air temperature between
60-90°F (16-32°C). Typically,
the best setting is near 75°F (23°C).
Choosing the coldest or warmest
temperature setting does not cause
the system to heat or cool any
faster.
AUTO (Automatic Air Delivery
Mode): Turn the air delivery mode
knob to AUTO for the system to
automatically control the direction of
the airflow to help reach the
desired inside temperature.
The system automatically controls
the air inlet to supply the outside air
or recirculated inside air needed
to cool the vehicle faster. The
indicator light on the recirculation
button will be lit whenever the
system changes to recirculation.
Press the recirculation button
to change to outside air. However,
the recirculation mode may turn
back on automatically.
In cold weather, if the fan and air
delivery modes are in automatic, the
system starts at lower fan speeds
to avoid directing cold air into
the vehicle until warmer air is
available. The climate control
system directs air to the floor, but
may automatically change modes as
the vehicle warms up to maintain
the chosen temperature setting.
The length of time needed to warm
the interior depends on the
outside temperature and inside
temperature of the vehicle.
Manual Operation
It is best to use the automatic
settings to maximize fuel economy.
A (Fan Control): Turn clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase
or decrease the fan speed. To turn
the fan off, turn the left knob to
the 9 position. In any setting other
than off, the fan runs continuously
with the ignition on. The fan must be
turned on to run the air conditioning
compressor. There will be some
airflow noticeable from the various
outlets when driving, even with
the fan in the off position. This is to
ensure some fresh air is always
available in the vehicle. To turn off
the air completely, turn the fan
to 9 and select the recirculation
button.
Instrument Panel
Temperature Control: Turn
clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the
temperature. Typically, the best
setting is near 75°F (23°C).
Choosing the coldest or warmest
temperature setting does not cause
the system to heat or cool any faster.
6 (Floor): Air is directed to the
floor outlets with some air directed to
the windshield. When this mode is
selected, the system turns the
recirculation mode off. Recirculation
mode cannot be selected while
in floor mode. This is to help prevent
window fogging.
Air Delivery Mode Control: Turn
clockwise or counterclockwise
to change the direction of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
- (Defog): This mode clears the
windows of fog or moisture. Air
is directed to the floor outlets, with
some air directed to the windshield
and side window outlets. In this
mode, the system turns the
recirculation mode off and runs the
air conditioning compressor
unless the outside air is at or below
freezing. Recirculation mode
cannot be selected while in defog
mode. This helps prevent window
fogging.
Select from the following air delivery
modes:
H (Vent): Air is directed to the
instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level): Air is divided
between the instrument panel and
the floor outlets.
3-19
0 (Defrost): This mode removes
fog or frost from the windshield
more quickly. Air is directed to the
windshield, with some air directed to
the side window outlets and the
floor outlets. In this mode, the
system turns the recirculation mode
off automatically and runs the air
conditioning compressor unless the
outside air is at or below freezing.
The recirculation mode cannot
be selected while in defrost mode.
This helps prevent window
fogging and moisture building up
inside the vehicle. In this mode, the
climate control system prevents
all automatic engine start/stop
operations. This ensures the best
defrost performance.
For best results, clear all snow and
ice from the windshield before
defrosting.
3-20
Instrument Panel
# (Normal Air Conditioning):
Press to turn the air conditioning
system on or off. An indicator
light comes on to show that the air
conditioning is on. Normal Air
Conditioning (A/C) can be selected
in any mode as long as the fan
is on and the outside air temperature
is above freezing. Normal A/C
cannot be selected at the same time
as Hybrid Air Conditioning (A/C).
A flashing indicator light indicates
that the air conditioning compressor
is currently not available.
When Normal A/C is selected, the
climate control system prevents
all automatic engine start/stop
operations. This will ensure the
cabin comfort is maintained.
See “Air Conditioning and Automatic
Engine Start/Stop” later in this
section.
N (Hybrid Air Conditioning):
Press to turn the Hybrid A/C system
on or off. An indicator light comes
on to show that Hybrid A/C is
on. Hybrid A/C can be selected in
any mode, except defrost as long as
the fan is on and the outside air
temperature is above freezing.
Hybrid A/C cannot be selected at
the same time as the normal
air conditioning. A flashing indicator
light shows the air conditioning
compressor is not available.
The Hybrid A/C works to balance
fuel economy and air conditioning
comfort. When Hybrid A/C is used in
warm weather, the vehicle gets
better fuel economy by allowing
more frequent start/stops. For
additional cooling, select Normal
A/C. See “Air Conditioning and
Automatic Engine Start/Stop” later in
this section.
@ (Recirculation): Press to
toggle between the recirculation and
outside air modes. The indicator
light turns on when the recirculation
mode is selected. This mode can
be used to prevent outside air
and odors from entering the vehicle
or to help cool the air inside the
vehicle more quickly. Avoid using
the recirculation mode during high
periods of humidity and cool outside
temperatures since this may
result in increased window fogging.
If window fogging is experienced,
select the defrost mode.
Recirculation mode is not available
in floor, defog or defrost modes.
If the button is selected in
these modes, the indicator will flash.
This helps prevent window fogging
and moisture building up inside
the vehicle.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a
warming grid to remove fog from the
rear window.
The rear window defogger will only
work when the ignition is in
ON/RUN.
< (Rear Window Defogger):
Press to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light
on the button comes on to show
that it is activated.
Instrument Panel
The rear window defogger stays on
for about 10 minutes if the vehicle
remains at slower vehicle speeds or
until the button is pressed, or
unless the ignition is turned to
ACC/ACCESSORY or LOCK/OFF. If
turned on again, the defogger
only runs for about five minutes
before turning off again. At higher
vehicle speeds, the defogger
may stay on continuously. The
defogger can also be turned off by
turning off the ignition.
Notice: Do not use anything
sharp on the inside of the rear
window. If you do, you could cut
or damage the warming grid, and
the repairs would not be covered
by the vehicle warranty. Do not
attach a temporary vehicle
license, tape, a decal or anything
similar to the defogger grid.
Air Conditioning and Engine
Start/Stop
On hot days, use the automatic fan
and automatic air delivery mode
settings and the vehicle will reach
the desired temperature more
quickly. The desired fan and air
delivery mode settings can still be
adjusted manually. Open the
windows to let the hot inside air
escape, then close them. This helps
reduce the time it takes for the
vehicle to cool down and helps the
system to operate more efficiently.
When either the Normal A/C or
Hybrid A/C modes are active, the air
conditioning system removes
moisture from the air, so a small
amount of water may drip under the
vehicle while idling or after turning
off the engine. This is normal.
The use of Normal A/C causes the
engine to keep running while
the vehicle is at a complete stop to
allow the climate control system
to continue cooling.
3-21
The use of Hybrid A/C allows
automatic engine start/stop
operations while the vehicle is at a
complete stop. The air conditioning
compressor can not run when
the engine is not running, resulting
in reduced cooling performance.
The climate control system
may keep the engine running or
restart the engine during a stop to
continue cooling. Selecting the
Normal A/C button forces the engine
and air conditioning compressor
to restart automatically. For
more information about Engine
Start/Stop operation, see Starting
the Engine (Automatic Engine
Start/Stop) on page 2-15.
3-22
Instrument Panel
Outlet Adjustment
Use the louvers located on the air
outlets to change the direction of the
airflow.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow, or
leaves from the air inlets at
the base of the vehicle that may
block the flow of air into the
vehicle.
• Do not use any non-GM
approved hood deflectors that
could adversely affect the
performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front
seats clear of objects to help
circulate the air inside of
the vehicle more effectively.
Warning Lights,
Gages, and Indicators
Warning lights and gages can
signal that something is wrong
before it becomes serious enough
to cause an expensive repair or
replacement. Paying attention to the
warning lights and gages could
prevent injury.
Warning lights come on when there
may be or is a problem with one
of the vehicle’s functions. Some
warning lights come on briefly when
the engine is started to indicate
they are working.
Gages can indicate when there may
be or is a problem with one of the
vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to
indicate a problem with the vehicle.
When one of the warning lights
comes on and stays on while
driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem,
check the section that explains what
to do. Follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be
costly and even dangerous.
Instrument Panel
3-23
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to indicate how the vehicle is running. It shows how fast the vehicle is
going, about how much fuel the vehicle has left and many other things needed to drive safely and economically.
United States cluster, Canada similar
3-24
Instrument Panel
Speedometer and
Odometer
The speedometer shows the
vehicle’s speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers
per hour (km/h).
The odometer shows how far the
vehicle has been driven, in
either miles or kilometers.
If the vehicle needs a new odometer
installed, the new one is set to
the mileage total of the old
odometer. If it cannot, it will be set
at zero and a label must be put
on the driver’s door to show the old
mileage reading when the new
odometer was installed. If the
mileage is unknown, the label
should then indicate that the
previous mileage is unknown.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer is located on the
instrument panel and shows how
far the vehicle has been driven since
the trip odometer was last reset.
To reset the trip odometer to zero,
press and hold the trip/reset
button on the speedometer for
about two seconds. Press the
trip/reset button to switch between
the trip odometer and odometer.
Tachometer
U.S. shown, Canada similar
The tachometer displays the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
The auto stop indicator is located at
the bottom of the tachometer. For
more information see Auto Stop
Mode on page 3-35.
Safety Belt Reminders
Driver Safety Belt Reminder
Light
When the engine is started, a chime
sounds for several seconds to
remind the driver to fasten their
safety belt, unless it is already
buckled.
The safety belt light comes on and
stays on for several seconds,
then flashes for several more.
This chime and light are repeated if
the driver safety belt remains
unbuckled and the vehicle is in
motion. If the driver safety belt is
already buckled, neither the
chime nor the light comes on.
Instrument Panel
Passenger Safety Belt
Reminder Light
Several seconds after the engine
is started, a chime sounds for
several seconds to remind the front
passenger to buckle their safety belt.
This only occurs if the passenger
airbag is enabled. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 1-49 for
more information. The passenger
safety belt light, located on the
instrument panel, comes on and
stays on for several seconds and
then flashes for several more.
This chime and light are repeated if
the passenger remains unbuckled
and the vehicle is in motion.
If the passenger safety belt is
buckled before the engine is started,
neither the chime nor the light
comes on.
The front passenger safety belt
warning light and chime may turn on
if an object is put on the seat
such as a briefcase, handbag,
grocery bag, laptop or other
electronic device. To turn off the
warning light and or chime, remove
the object from the seat or buckle
the safety belt.
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on
the instrument panel cluster,
which shows the airbag symbol. The
system checks the airbag’s
electrical system for malfunctions.
The light indicates if there is an
electrical problem. The system
check includes the airbag sensor,
the pretensioners, the airbag
modules, the wiring and the crash
sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the airbag
system, see Airbag System on
page 1-41.
3-25
{ CAUTION
If the airbag readiness light stays
on after the vehicle is started or
comes on while driving, it means
the airbag system might not be
working properly. The airbags in
the vehicle might not inflate in a
crash, or they could even inflate
without a crash. To help avoid
injury, have the vehicle serviced
right away.
The airbag readiness light comes on
when the vehicle is started, and
flashes for a few seconds. The light
goes out when the system is ready.
3-26
Instrument Panel
If the airbag readiness light stays on
after the vehicle is started or
comes on while driving, the airbag
system may not work properly. Have
the vehicle serviced right away.
The airbag readiness light should
flash for a few seconds when
the engine is started. If the light
does not come on then, have it fixed
immediately. If there is a problem
with the airbag system, an
airbag Driver Information Center
(DIC) message may also come on.
See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-42 for more information.
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator
The vehicle has the passenger
sensing system. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 1-49
for important safety information. The
instrument panel has a passenger
airbag status indicator.
United States
Canada
When the vehicle is started, the
passenger airbag status indicator
will light ON and OFF, or the symbol
for on and off, for several seconds
as a system check. Then, after
several more seconds, the status
indicator will light either ON or OFF,
or either the on or off symbol to let
you know the status of the right
front passenger frontal and
seat-mounted side impact airbags.
If the word ON or the on symbol
is lit on the passenger airbag status
indicator, it means that the right
front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag are
enabled (may inflate).
If the word OFF or the off symbol is
lit on the airbag status indicator,
it means that the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right
front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag.
If, after several seconds, both status
indicator lights remain on, or if
there are no lights at all, there may
be a problem with the lights or
the passenger sensing system. See
your dealer/retailer for service.
Instrument Panel
{ CAUTION
If the airbag readiness light ever
comes on and stays on, it means
that something may be wrong with
the airbag system. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have
the vehicle serviced right away.
See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 3-25 for more information,
including important safety
information.
If the light stays on, or comes on
while driving, there could be a
problem with the electrical charging
system. Have it checked by your
dealer/retailer. Driving while this light
is on could drain the battery.
If a short distance must be driven
with the light on, be sure to turn off
all accessories, such as the
radio and air conditioner.
Brake System Warning
Light
Charging System Light
The charging system light comes on
briefly when the ignition is turned
on, but the engine is not running, as
a check to show the light is
working. It should go out when the
engine is started.
United States
Canada
The brake indicator light should
come on briefly as the engine
is started. If it does not come on
have the vehicle serviced by
your dealer/retailer.
When the ignition is on, the brake
system warning light comes on
when the parking brake is set. The
3-27
light stays on if the parking brake
does not fully release. If it stays on
after the parking brake is fully
released, there is a brake problem.
Have the brake system inspected
immediately.
{ CAUTION
The brake system might not be
working properly if the brake
system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning
light on can lead to a crash. If the
light is still on after the vehicle
has been pulled off the road and
carefully stopped, have the
vehicle towed for service.
If the light comes on while driving, a
chime sounds. Pull off the road and
stop. The pedal might be harder to
push or go closer to the floor. It might
also take longer to stop. If the light is
still on, have the vehicle towed for
service. See Towing Your Vehicle on
page 4-22.
3-28
Instrument Panel
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning Light
For vehicles with the Antilock Brake
System (ABS), this light should
come on briefly as the engine
is started. If it does not come on
have the vehicle serviced by
your dealer/retailer.
If the ABS light stays on longer than
a few seconds after engine is
started, or comes on and stays on
while driving, try resetting the
system. To reset the system:
1. While driving, pull over when it is
safe to do so.
2. Place the vehicle in P (PARK).
3. Turn off the ignition.
4. Then restart the engine.
If the ABS light remains on after
resetting the system or comes
on again while driving, the vehicle
needs service. If the ABS light is on,
but the regular brake system
warning light is not on, the antilock
brakes are not working properly,
but the regular brakes are still
functioning. Have the vehicle
serviced right away. If both brake
lights are on, the vehicle does
not have antilock brakes, and there
is a problem with the regular
brakes as well. Have the vehicle
towed for service. See Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-22.
StabiliTrak®/Traction
Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
The Traction Control System
(TCS)/StabiliTrak® system warning
light comes on briefly as the
engine is started.
If it does not, have the vehicle
serviced by your dealer/retailer. If
the system is working normally
the indicator lights go off.
This light flashes while the Traction
Control System (TCS) and/or the
StabiliTrak system are working.
It also flashes when the Antilock
Brake System (ABS) is activated.
If the light comes on and stays
on while driving there is a problem
with the Traction Control System
(TCS) or the StabiliTrak system. The
Instrument Panel
TCS and/or StabiliTrak system
automatically turns off and vehicle
needs service.
When this light is on, the TCS
system does not limit wheel spin
and/or the StabiliTrak system does
not assist with vehicle control.
When the Traction Control system
and/or StabiliTrak system are turned
off, the light comes on.
Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning
Light
The engine coolant temperature
light should come on briefly as the
engine is started. If it does not
come on have the vehicle serviced
by your dealer/retailer.
When the Traction Control System
and/or StabiliTrak system are
turned on, the light turns off.
See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-8 and StabiliTrak®
System on page 4-7 for more
information.
Notice: Driving with the engine
coolant temperature warning light
on could cause the vehicle to
overheat. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-23. The vehicle’s
engine could be damaged, and it
might not be covered by the
vehicle warranty. Never drive with
the engine coolant temperature
warning light on.
3-29
If this light comes on and stays on,
the engine has overheated. Pull
over and see Engine Overheating on
page 5-23 for more information.
Tire Pressure Light
If the vehicle has a tire pressure
monitoring system, the tire pressure
light should come on briefly as
the engine is started. If it does not,
have the vehicle serviced by
your dealer/retailer. It provides
information about tire pressures and
the Tire Pressure Monitoring
System.
When the Light is On Steady
This indicates that one or more of
the tires are significantly
underinflated.
A tire pressure message in the
Driver Information Center (DIC), can
accompany the light. See DIC
3-30
Instrument Panel
Warnings and Messages on
page 3-42 for more information.
Stop and check the tires as soon as
it is safe to do so. If underinflated,
inflate to the proper pressure.
See Tires on page 5-38 for more
information.
When the Light Flashes First and
Then is On Steady
This indicates that there could be a
problem with the Tire Pressure
Monitor System. The light flashes
for about a minute and stays
on steady for the remainder of the
ignition cycle. This sequence
repeats with every ignition cycle.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System
on page 5-45 for more information.
Malfunction
Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
A computer system called OBD II
(On-Board Diagnostics-Second
Generation) monitors operation of
the fuel, ignition, and emission
control systems. It ensures
that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle,
helping to produce a cleaner
environment.
This light comes on when the
ignition is on, but the engine is not
running, as a check to show it
is working. If it does not, have the
vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
If the check engine light comes on
and stays on, while the engine
is running, this indicates that there
is an OBD II problem and service
is required.
Malfunctions often are indicated by
the system before any problem
is apparent. Being aware of the light
can prevent more serious damage
to the vehicle. This system
assists the service technician in
correctly diagnosing any
malfunction.
Notice: If the vehicle is
continually driven with this light
on, after a while, the emission
controls might not work as well,
the vehicle’s fuel economy
might not be as good, and the
engine might not run as
smoothly. This could lead to
costly repairs that might not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Instrument Panel
Notice: Modifications made to
the engine, transmission, exhaust,
intake, or fuel system of the
vehicle or the replacement of the
original tires with other than those
of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect the
vehicle’s emission controls and
can cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems
could lead to costly repairs not
covered by the vehicle warranty.
This could also result in a failure
to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See
Accessories and Modifications on
page 5-3.
This light comes on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
Light Flashing: A misfire condition
has been detected. A misfire
increases vehicle emissions and
could damage the emission control
system on the vehicle. Diagnosis
and service might be required.
3-31
The following can prevent more
serious damage to the vehicle:
An emission system malfunction
might be corrected by:
•
•
•
•
• Make sure the fuel cap is fully
Reduce vehicle speed.
Avoid hard accelerations.
Avoid steep uphill grades.
If towing a trailer, reduce the
amount of cargo being hauled
as soon as it is possible.
If the light continues to flash, when
it is safe to do so, stop the
vehicle. Find a safe place to park
the vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at
least 10 seconds, and restart the
engine. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps and
see your dealer/retailer for service
as soon as possible.
Light On Steady: An emission
control system malfunction has been
detected on the vehicle. Diagnosis
and service might be required.
installed. See Filling the Tank
on page 5-7. The diagnostic
system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or
improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel cap allows fuel
to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap
properly installed should turn
the light off.
• If the vehicle has been driven
through a deep puddle of
water, the vehicle’s electrical
system might be wet. The
condition is usually corrected
when the electrical system dries
out. A few driving trips should
turn the light off.
3-32
Instrument Panel
• Make sure to fuel the vehicle
with quality fuel. Poor fuel
quality causes the engine not to
run as efficiently as designed
and may cause: stalling
after start-up, stalling when the
vehicle is changed into gear,
misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on
acceleration. These conditions
might go away once the engine is
warmed up.
If one or more of these conditions
occurs, change the fuel brand
used. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to
turn the light off.
See Gasoline Octane on
page 5-5.
If none of the above have made the
light turn off, your dealer/retailer can
check the vehicle. The dealer/retailer
has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical
or electrical problems that might
have developed.
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local
governments have or might begin
programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on the vehicle.
Failure to pass this inspection could
prevent getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things to know to
help the vehicle pass an inspection:
• The vehicle will not pass this
inspection if the check engine
light is on with the engine
running, or if the key is in
ON/RUN and the light is not on.
• The vehicle will not pass this
inspection if the OBD II
(on-board diagnostic) system
determines that critical emission
control systems have not
been completely diagnosed by
the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for
inspection. This can happen if
the battery has recently been
replaced or if the battery has run
down. The diagnostic system
is designed to evaluate critical
emission control systems
during normal driving. This can
take several days of routine
driving. If this has been done and
the vehicle still does not pass
the inspection for lack of OBD II
system readiness, your
dealer/retailer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
Instrument Panel
Oil Pressure Light
{ CAUTION
Do not keep driving if the oil
pressure is low. The engine can
become so hot that it catches fire.
Someone could be burned. Check
the oil as soon as possible and
have the vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil
maintenance can damage the
engine. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always follow the maintenance
schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
The oil pressure light should come
on briefly as the engine is started.
If it does not come on have the
vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
If the light comes on and stays on,
it means that oil is not flowing
through the engine properly. The
vehicle could be low on oil and
might have some other system
problem.
Change Engine Oil Light
3-33
Security Light
For information regarding this light
and the vehicle’s security system,
see PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer on page 2-12.
Cruise Control Light
Change engine oil light means that
service is required on the vehicle.
See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-3 and Engine Oil on
page 5-11 for more information.
After the engine oil is changed the
engine oil life system needs to
be reset in order to turn off this light.
See Engine Oil Life System on
page 5-14 for more information.
The cruise control light comes on
whenever the cruise control is set.
The light goes out when the
cruise control is turned off. See
Cruise Control on page 3-9 for more
information.
3-34
Instrument Panel
Highbeam On Light
Fuel Gage
• It takes a little more or less fuel
to fill up than the fuel gage
indicates.
• The gage moves a little while
turning a corner or accelerating.
The highbeam on light comes on
when the high-beam headlamps are
in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam
Changer on page 3-7 for more
information.
Low Washer Fluid
Warning Light
• The gage takes a few seconds to
United States
Canada
When the ignition is on, the fuel
gage shows about how much fuel is
in the fuel tank.
An arrow on the fuel gage indicates
the side of the vehicle the fuel
door is on.
When the indicator nears empty, the
low fuel light comes on. There still
is a little fuel left, but the fuel
tank should be refueled soon. See
Low Fuel Warning Light on
page 3-34 for more information.
The low washer fluid warning light
comes on when the windshield
washer fluid is low. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-24 for
more information.
Four things that can happen but do
not mean the fuel gage is not
functioning properly are:
• At the service station, the fuel
pump shuts off before the
gage reads full.
stabilize after the ignition is
turned on, and goes back
to empty after the ignition is
turned off.
For the fuel tank capacity, see
Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-81.
Low Fuel Warning Light
The low fuel warning light, below
the fuel gage, comes on briefly when
the engine is started.
Instrument Panel
This light also comes on when the
fuel tank is low on fuel. When fuel is
added, the light should go off. If it
does not, have the vehicle serviced.
Charge/Assist Gage
Auto Stop Mode
United States
Canada
This mark on the tachometer
signifies that the engine is in Auto
Stop mode which is a fuel saving
operation.
When the vehicle is off, the
tachometer needle moves to OFF. If
the driver’s door is opened while
in Auto Stop, a chime sounds.
3-35
If the hybrid battery or other hybrid
components are very hot or cold, the
CHARGE and ASSIST functions can
be suspended until the component
temperatures are normal.
Fuel Economy Light
The CHARGE/ASSIST gage
displays the charge into and out of
the hybrid battery.
When the gage indicates ASSIST,
the electric motor is performing
an automatic restart of the engine,
or the electric motor is assisting
for maximum acceleration.
When the gage indicates CHARGE,
the electric motor operates as a
generator to perform regenerative
braking, while decelerating. See
Regenerative Braking on page 2-23
for more information.
The gage also indicates CHARGE
when the system is recharging
the hybrid battery.
The ECO light comes on when the
vehicle is achieving fuel economy
close to its rated performance.
Driving habits that improve
fuel economy increases the time
that the fuel economy light is on.
To enable or disable the fuel
economy light, while in park, press
the Vehicle Info button on the
DIC until PRESS V TO SET ECO is
displayed. Then press the set/reset
button to select off or on. For
more information see Trip Odometer
on page 3-24 and DIC Operation
and Displays on page 3-36.
3-36
Instrument Panel
Driver Information
Center (DIC)
Your vehicle has a Driver
Information Center (DIC).
All information appears in the DIC
display located in the instrument
panel cluster.
The DIC comes on when the
ignition is on. After a short delay,
the DIC displays the information that
was last displayed before the
engine was turned off.
The DIC displays trip, fuel, and
vehicle system information, and
warning messages if a system
problem is detected.
The DIC also displays the compass
direction, outside air temperature,
and shift position indicator at the top
of the DIC display. If there is a
problem with the system that controls
the temperature display, the
numbers will be replaced with
dashes. If this occurs, have the
vehicle serviced by your dealer/
retailer. If an abnormal temperature
reading is displayed for an
extended period of time, consult
your dealer/retailer. Under certain
circumstances, especially when the
engine is idling, a delay updating the
temperature display is normal.
The DIC also allows some features
to be customized. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 3-49 for more
information.
DIC Buttons
See DIC Compass on page 3-40
and Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 2-20 for more
information.
DIC Operation and
Displays
The DIC has different displays
which can be accessed by pressing
the DIC buttons located on the
instrument panel, below the
headlamp switch.
The DIC displays trip, fuel, and
vehicle system information, and
warning messages if a system
problem is detected.
The buttons are the trip/fuel, vehicle
information, customization, and
set/reset buttons. The button
functions are detailed in the
following pages.
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button
to display the odometer, trip
odometer, fuel range, average
economy, and instantaneous
economy. The compass and outside
temperature will also be shown in
the display. The temperature will be
shown in °F or °C depending on
the units selected.
Instrument Panel
T (Vehicle Information): Press
this button to display the oil life,
units, tire pressure readings
for vehicles with the Tire Pressure
Monitor System (TPMS), Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
programming, economy light on/off,
compass zone setting, and
compass recalibration on vehicles
with this feature.
U (Customization):
Press this
button to customize the feature
settings on your vehicle. See DIC
Vehicle Customization on page 3-49
for more information.
V (Set/Reset):
Press this button to
set or reset certain functions and
to turn off or acknowledge
messages on the DIC.
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button
to scroll through the following
menu items:
Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until
ODOMETER displays. This display
shows the distance the vehicle
has been driven in either miles (mi)
or kilometers (km). Pressing the
trip odometer reset stem will
also display the odometer.
To switch between English and
metric measurements, see “Units”
later in this section.
Trip Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until TRIP
displays. This display shows the
current distance traveled in
either miles (mi) or kilometers (km)
since the last reset for the trip
odometer. Pressing the trip
odometer reset stem will also
display the trip odometer.
3-37
The trip odometer can be reset to
zero by pressing the set/reset button
while the trip odometer is displayed.
You can also reset the trip
odometer while it is displayed by
pressing and holding the trip
odometer reset stem.
Fuel Range
Press the trip/fuel button until
FUEL RANGE displays. This
display shows the approximate
number of remaining miles (mi) or
kilometers (km) the vehicle can be
driven without refueling. The display
will show LOW if the fuel level is low.
The fuel range estimate is based on
an average of the vehicle’s fuel
economy over recent driving history
and the amount of fuel remaining
in the fuel tank. This estimate
will change if driving conditions
change. For example, if driving in
traffic and making frequent
stops, this display may read one
number, but if the vehicle is driven
on a freeway, the number may
change even though the same
3-38
Instrument Panel
amount of fuel is in the fuel tank.
This is because different driving
conditions produce different
fuel economies. Generally, freeway
driving produces better fuel
economy than city driving. Fuel
range cannot be reset.
If the vehicle is low on fuel, the
FUEL LEVEL LOW message will be
displayed. See “FUEL LEVEL
LOW” under DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-42.
Average Fuel Economy
Press the trip/fuel button until
AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY
displays. This display shows the
approximate average miles per
gallon (mpg) or liters per
100 kilometers (L/100 km). This
number is calculated based on the
number of mpg (L/100 km)
recorded since the last time this
menu item was reset. To reset the
AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY,
press and hold the set/reset button.
The display will show zero.
Instantaneous Fuel Economy
If the vehicle has this display, press
the trip/fuel button until INSTANT
FUEL ECONOMY displays.
This display shows the current fuel
economy at a particular moment
and will change frequently as driving
conditions change. This display
shows the instantaneous fuel
economy in miles per gallon (mpg)
or liters per 100 kilometers
(L/100 km). Unlike average fuel
economy, this display cannot
be reset.
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
Vehicle Information Menu
Items
T (Vehicle Information): Press
this button to scroll through the
following menu items:
Oil Life
Press the vehicle information button
until OIL LIFE REMAINING
displays. This display shows an
estimate of the oil’s remaining useful
life. If you see 99% OIL LIFE
REMAINING on the display, that
means 99% of the current oil
life remains. The engine oil life
system will alert you to change the
oil on a schedule consistent with
your driving conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low,
the CHANGE ENGINE OIL
SOON message will appear on the
display. See “CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-42.
You should change the oil as soon
as you can. See Engine Oil on
page 5-11. In addition to the engine
Instrument Panel
oil life system monitoring the
oil life, additional maintenance is
recommended in the Maintenance
Schedule in this manual. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-3
for more information.
Units
Press the vehicle information button
until UNITS displays. This display
allows you to select between English
or Metric units of measurement.
Once in this display, press the
set/reset button to select between
ENGLISH or METRIC units. All
of the vehicle information will then
be displayed in the unit of
measurement selected.
Tire Pressure
If your vehicle has the Tire Pressure
Monitor System (TPMS), the
pressure for each tire can be viewed
in the DIC. The tire pressure will
be shown in either pounds per
square inch (psi) or kilopascals
(kPa). Press the vehicle information
button until the DIC displays
FRONT TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ##
RIGHT ##. Press the vehicle
information button again until the
DIC displays REAR TIRES PSI
(kPa) LEFT ## RIGHT ##.
If a low or high tire pressure
condition is detected by the system
while driving, a message advising
you to check the pressure in a
specific tire will appear in the
display. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-43 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-42
for more information.
If the tire pressure display shows
dashes instead of a value, there
may be a problem with your vehicle.
If this consistently occurs, see
your dealer/retailer for service.
3-39
Relearn Remote Key
This display allows you to match
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitters to your vehicle. To
match an RKE transmitter to your
vehicle:
1. Press the vehicle information
button until PRESS V TO
RELEARN REMOTE KEY
displays.
2. Press the set/reset button until
REMOTE KEY LEARNING
ACTIVE is displayed.
3. Press and hold the lock and
unlock buttons on the first
transmitter at the same time for
about 15 seconds.
A chime will sound indicating
that the transmitter is matched
and REMOTE KEY LEARNING
COMPLETE will be shown
on the display.
3-40
Instrument Panel
4. To match additional transmitters
at this time, repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a
maximum of eight transmitters
matched to it.
be available when the vehicle is in
P (Park). Once in the display,
press the set/reset button to select
ON or OFF.
5. To exit the programming mode,
you must cycle the key to
LOCK/OFF.
This display shows no information.
Compass Zone Setting
This display allows for setting the
compass zone. See DIC Compass
on page 3-40 for more information.
Compass Recalibration
This display allows for calibrating
the compass. See DIC Compass on
page 3-40 for more information.
ECO (Economy) Light On/Off
This display allows you to turn the
ECO light in the cluster on and
off. See Fuel Economy Light
on page 3-35 for more information.
Press the vehicle information
button until PRESS V SET ECO
displays. This display will only
Blank Display
DIC Compass
Your vehicle may have a
compass in the Driver Information
Center (DIC).
Compass Zone
The zone is set to zone eight upon
leaving the factory. Your dealer/
retailer will set the correct zone for
your location.
Under certain circumstances, such
as during a long distance
cross-country trip or moving to a
new state or province, it will
be necessary to compensate for
compass variance by resetting the
zone through the DIC if the zone
is not set correctly.
Compass variance is the difference
between the earth’s magnetic
north and true geographic north. If
the compass is not set to the
zone where you live, the compass
may give false readings. The
compass must be set to the variance
zone in which the vehicle is
traveling.
To adjust for compass variance, use
the following procedure:
Compass Variance (Zone)
Procedure
1. Do not set the compass zone
when the vehicle is moving.
Only set it when the vehicle is in
P (Park).
Press the vehicle information
button until PRESS V TO SET
COMPASS ZONE: ## displays.
Instrument Panel
5. If calibration is necessary,
calibrate the compass. See
“Compass Calibration Procedure”
following.
Compass Calibration
2. Find the vehicle’s current
location and variance zone
number on the map.
Zones 1 through 15 are
available.
3. Press and hold the set/reset
button to scroll through and
select the appropriate
variance zone.
4. Press the trip/fuel button until the
vehicle heading, for example,
N for North, is displayed in
the DIC.
The compass can be manually
calibrated. Only calibrate the
compass in a magnetically clean
and safe location, such as an open
parking lot, where driving the
vehicle in circles is not a danger. It
is suggested to calibrate away
from tall buildings, utility wires,
manhole covers, or other industrial
structures, if possible.
If CAL should ever appear in the
DIC display, the compass should be
calibrated.
If the DIC display does not show a
heading, for example, N for
North, or the heading does not
change after making turns, there
may be a strong magnetic field
interfering with the compass. Such
interference may be caused by
a magnetic CB or cell phone
3-41
antenna mount, a magnetic
emergency light, magnetic note pad
holder, or any other magnetic
item. Turn off the vehicle, move the
magnetic item, then turn on the
vehicle and calibrate the compass.
To calibrate the compass, use
the following procedure:
Compass Calibration Procedure
1. Before calibrating the compass,
make sure the compass is set
to the variance zone in which the
vehicle is located. See
“Compass Variance (Zone)
Procedure” earlier in this section.
Do not operate any switches
such as window, sunroof, climate
controls, seats, etc. during the
calibration procedure.
2. Press the vehicle information
button until PRESS V TO
CALIBRATE COMPAS
(Compass) displays.
3-42
Instrument Panel
3. Press the set/reset button to start
the compass calibration.
4. The DIC will display
CALIBRATING COMPASS:
TURN IN CIRCLES. Drive the
vehicle in tight circles at less than
5 mph (8 km/h) to complete the
calibration. The DIC will display
COMPASS CALIBRATION
COMPLETE for a few seconds
when the calibration is complete.
The DIC display will then return to
the previous menu.
DIC Warnings and
Messages
Messages are displayed on the DIC
to notify the driver that the status
of the vehicle has changed and that
some action may be needed by
the driver to correct the condition.
Multiple messages may appear one
after another.
Some messages may not require
immediate action, but you can press
any of the DIC buttons, or the trip
odometer reset stem on the
instrument panel cluster to
acknowledge that you received the
messages and to clear them
from the display.
Some messages cannot be cleared
from the DIC display because they
are more urgent. These messages
require action before they can be
cleared. Take any messages that
appear on the display seriously and
remember that clearing the
messages will only make the
messages disappear, not correct the
problem.
The following are the possible
messages that can be displayed
and some information about them.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE
This message displays when
the charging system detects that the
battery is being drained. You may
notice that the vehicle attempts
to reduce the drain for you by
turning off accessories, such as
interior fans, rear defogger,
and heated seats. Turn off all
accessories. If the vehicle is not
running, start and run the engine for
at least 10 minutes to allow the
battery to recharge. If the engine is
running and the condition persists,
see your dealer/retailer immediately.
CALIBRATING COMPASS:
TURN IN CIRCLES
This message displays when
calibrating the compass. Drive the
vehicle in circles at less than
5 mph (8 km/h) to complete the
calibration. See DIC Compass on
page 3-40.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
This message displays when service
is required for the vehicle. See
your dealer/retailer. See Engine Oil
on page 5-11 and Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-3 for more
information.
Instrument Panel
Acknowledging this message will
not reset the OIL LIFE REMAINING
display. That must be done at
the OIL LIFE screen. See “OIL LIFE”
under DIC Operation and Displays
on page 3-36 and Engine Oil
Life System on page 5-14 for more
information.
CHANGE TRANSMISSION
FLUID
Notice: Use of the incorrect
automatic transmission fluid may
damage the vehicle, and the
damages may not be covered by
the vehicle’s warranty. Always
use the automatic transmission
fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-11.
This message displays when the life
of the transmission fluid has
expired and it should be changed.
See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-3 and Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11
for the proper fluid and change
intervals.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
On vehicles with the Tire Pressure
Monitor System (TPMS), this
message displays when the
pressure in one or more of the
vehicle’s tires needs to be checked.
This message also displays LEFT
FRONT, RIGHT FRONT, LEFT
REAR, or RIGHT REAR to indicate
which tire needs to be checked.
You can receive more than one tire
pressure message at a time. To
read the other messages that may
have been sent at the same
time, press the set/reset button. If a
tire pressure message appears
on the DIC, stop as soon as
you can. Have the tire pressures
checked and set to those shown on
the Tire Loading Information
label. See Tires on page 5-38,
Loading the Vehicle on page 4-18,
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-43. The DIC also shows the
tire pressure values. See DIC
Operation and Displays on
page 3-36. If the tire pressure is
3-43
low, the low tire pressure warning
light comes on. See Tire Pressure
Light on page 3-29.
COMPASS CALIBRATION
COMPLETE
This message displays when the
compass calibration is complete.
See DIC Compass on page 3-40.
CRUISE CONTROL SET
TO XXX
This message displays whenever
the cruise control is set. See Cruise
Control on page 3-9 for more
information.
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
This message displays when the
driver door is not closed properly.
Close the door completely.
3-44
Instrument Panel
ENGINE HOT A/C
(Air Conditioning) OFF
This message displays when the
engine coolant becomes hotter than
the normal operating temperature.
To avoid added strain on a hot
engine, the air conditioning
compressor is automatically turned
off. When the coolant temperature
returns to normal, the A/C operation
automatically resumes. You can
continue to drive your vehicle.
ENGINE OIL LOW: ADD OIL
Your vehicle may have an engine oil
level sensor. If it does, this
message displays when the oil is
low. See Engine Oil on page 5-11
for more information.
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE
ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle
while the engine is overheating,
severe engine damage may occur.
If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster
and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as
soon as possible. Do not increase
the engine speed above normal
idling speed. See Engine
Overheating on page 5-23 for
more information.
This message displays when the
engine coolant temperature is
too hot. Stop and allow the vehicle
to idle until it cools down.
ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP
ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle
while the engine is overheating,
severe engine damage may occur.
If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster
and/or DIC, stop the vehicle
as soon as possible. See Engine
Overheating on page 5-23 for
more information.
This message displays along with a
continuous chime when the
engine has overheated. Stop and
turn the engine off immediately to
avoid severe engine damage.
See Engine Overheating on
page 5-23.
ENGINE POWER IS REDUCED
This message displays when the
vehicle’s engine power is reduced.
Reduced engine power can affect the
vehicle’s ability to accelerate. If this
message is on, but there is no
reduction in performance, proceed to
your destination. The performance
may be reduced the next time the
vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be
driven at a reduced speed while this
message is on, but acceleration and
speed may be reduced. Anytime this
message stays on, the vehicle
should be taken to your dealer/
retailer for service as soon as
possible.
Instrument Panel
FUEL LEVEL LOW
This message displays when your
vehicle is low on fuel. Refill the
fuel tank as soon as possible. See
Fuel Gage on page 3-34 and
Filling the Tank on page 5-7 for
more information.
HOOD OPEN
This message displays on some
vehicles when the hood is not closed
properly. Close the hood completely.
See Hood Release on page 5-9.
ICE POSSIBLE DRIVE
WITH CARE
This message displays when the
outside air temperature is cold
enough to create icy road
conditions. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
LIFTGATE OPEN
This message displays when the
liftgate is not closed completely.
Close the liftgate completely. See
Liftgate on page 2-8.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP
ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle
while the engine oil pressure
is low, severe engine damage
may occur. If a low oil pressure
warning appears on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), stop the
vehicle as soon as possible.
Do not drive the vehicle until the
cause of the low oil pressure
is corrected. See Engine Oil on
page 5-11 for more information.
This message displays when
the vehicle’s engine oil pressure is
low. The oil pressure light also
appears on the instrument panel
cluster. See Oil Pressure Light
on page 3-33.
Stop the vehicle immediately, as
engine damage can result from
driving a vehicle with low oil
pressure. Have the vehicle serviced
by your dealer/retailer as soon as
possible when this message is
displayed.
3-45
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
This message displays when one or
more of the passenger doors are
not closed properly. Close the doors
completely.
REMOTE KEY LEARNING
ACTIVE
This message displays while
matching a Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter to your vehicle.
See “MATCHING TRANSMITTERS
TO YOUR VEHICLE” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 2-4 and
DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-36 for more information.
3-46
Instrument Panel
REMOTE KEY LEARNING
COMPLETE
SERVICE A/C
(Air Conditioning) SYSTEM
This message displays while
matching a Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter to your vehicle.
See “MATCHING TRANSMITTERS
TO YOUR VEHICLE” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 2-4 and
DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-36 for more information.
This message displays when there
is a problem detected in the air
conditioning system. Have the
vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
REPLACE REMOTE KEY FOB
BATTERY
This message displays if a Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
battery is low. The battery needs to
be replaced in the transmitter.
See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 2-4.
SERVICE AIR BAG
This message displays when there
is a problem with the airbag
system. Have your vehicle serviced
by your dealer/retailer immediately.
See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 3-25 for more information.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
This message displays along with
the brake system warning light
if there is a problem with the brake
system or when the brake fluid
level is low. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 3-27. Have
the brake system serviced by
your dealer/retailer as soon as
possible.
SERVICE HILL START ASSIST
This message displays if there is
a problem with the hill start
assist function. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer/retailer.
SERVICE HYBRID SYSTEM
This message displays if the hybrid
components need to be serviced.
Have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
SERVICE POWER STEERING
This message displays if there
has been a problem detected with
the power steering. See Steering on
page 4-9 for more information.
Instrument Panel
SERVICE STABILITRAK
This message displays if there has
been a problem detected with
StabiliTrak®. A warning light also
appears on the instrument
panel cluster. See StabiliTrak®/
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light on page 3-28. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 4-7 for
more information.
If this message turns on while you
are driving, pull off the road as soon
as possible and stop carefully.
Try resetting the system by turning
the ignition off and then back
on. If this message still stays on or
turns back on again while you
are driving, your vehicle needs
service. Have the system inspected
by your dealer/retailer as soon
as possible.
SERVICE TIRE MONITORING
SYSTEM
On vehicles with the Tire Pressure
Monitor System (TPMS), this
message displays if a part on the
TPMS is not working properly.
The tire pressure light also flashes
and then remains on during the
same ignition cycle. See Tire
Pressure Light on page 3-29.
Several conditions may cause this
message to appear. See Tire
Pressure Monitor Operation on
page 5-46 for more information. If
the warning comes on and stays on,
there may be a problem with the
TPMS. See your dealer/retailer.
3-47
(TCS) on page 4-8 for more
information. Have the TCS serviced
by your dealer/retailer as soon
as possible.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION
This message displays when there
is a problem with the transmission.
See your dealer/retailer for
service.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON
This message displays when
a non-emissions related malfunction
occurs. Have the vehicle serviced
by your dealer/retailer as soon
as possible.
SERVICE TRACTION
CONTROL
SPEED LIMITED TO
XXX MPH (KM/H)
This message displays when the
Traction Control System (TCS)
is not functioning properly. A
warning light also appears on the
instrument panel cluster. See
StabiliTrak®/Traction Control System
(TCS) Warning Light on page 3-28
and Traction Control System
This message displays when your
vehicle speed is limited to 80 mph
(128 km/h) because the vehicle
detects a problem in the speed
variable assist steering system.
Have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
3-48
Instrument Panel
STABILITRAK NOT READY
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak, this
message may display and the
StabiliTrak indicator light on the
instrument panel cluster may be on
after first driving the vehicle and
exceeding 20 mph (32 km/h)
for 30 seconds. The StabiliTrak
system is not functional until the light
has turned off. See StabiliTrak®
System on page 4-7 for more
information.
STABILITRAK OFF
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak, this
message displays when you
turn off the StabiliTrak, or when the
stability control has been
automatically disabled. To limit
wheel spin and realize the full
benefits of the stability enhancement
system, you should normally
leave StabiliTrak on. However, you
should turn StabiliTrak off if your
vehicle gets stuck in sand, mud, ice,
or snow and you want to rock
your vehicle to attempt to free it, or
if you are driving in extreme
off-road conditions and require more
wheel spin. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on
page 4-17. To turn the StabiliTrak
system on or off, see StabiliTrak®
System on page 4-7.
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
This message may display along
with the check engine light on
the instrument panel cluster if the
vehicle’s fuel cap is not tightened
properly. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 3-30. Reinstall
the fuel cap fully. See Filling the
Tank on page 5-7. The diagnostic
system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly
installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap allows fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips
with the cap properly installed
should turn this light and
message off.
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
On vehicles with the Tire Pressure
Monitor System (TPMS), this
message displays when the TPMS
is re-learning the tire positions
on your vehicle. The tire positions
must be re-learned after rotating the
tires or after replacing a tire or
sensor. See Tire Inspection
and Rotation on page 5-50, Tire
Pressure Monitor System on
page 5-45, and Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-43 for more
information.
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
This message displays when
the Traction Control System (TCS)
turns off. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-8 for more
information.
This message only displays while
the ignition is in ON/RUN and
disappears after 10 seconds, unless
it is acknowledged or an urgent
warning appears.
Instrument Panel
Any of the following conditions may
cause the TCS to turn off:
• The TCS is turned off by pressing
the TCS/StabiliTrak button. See
StabiliTrak® System on
page 4-7 for more information.
• The battery is low.
• There is a TCS failure. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
TRACTION CONTROL ON
This message displays when the
Traction Control System (TCS) turns
on. See StabiliTrak® System on
page 4-7 for more information.
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE
ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle
while the transmission fluid is
overheating and the transmission
temperature warning is displayed
on the instrument panel cluster
and/or DIC, you can damage
the transmission. This could lead
to costly repairs that would
not be covered by your warranty.
Do not drive your vehicle with
overheated transmission fluid or
while the transmission
temperature warning is displayed.
This message displays along with
a chime if the transmission fluid
in the vehicle gets hot. Driving with
the transmission fluid temperature
high can cause damage to the
vehicle. Stop the vehicle and let it
idle to allow the transmission to cool.
This message clears and the
chime stops when the fluid
temperature reaches a safe level.
TURN SIGNAL ON
This message displays and a chime
sounds as a reminder to turn off
the turn signal if you drive your
vehicle for more than about 3/4 mile
(1.2 km) with a turn signal on.
See Turn and Lane-Change Signals
on page 3-6 for more information.
3-49
DIC Vehicle
Customization
Your vehicle may have customization
capabilities that allow you to program
certain features to one preferred
setting. Customization features can
only be programmed to one setting
on the vehicle and cannot be
programmed to a preferred setting
for two different drivers.
All of the customization options may
not be available on your vehicle.
Only the options available will
be displayed on the DIC.
The default settings for the
customization features were set
when your vehicle left the factory,
but may have been changed
from their default state since then.
The customization preferences
are automatically recalled.
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Instrument Panel
To change customization
preferences, use the following
procedure.
Entering the Feature
Settings Menu
1. Turn the ignition on and place
the vehicle in P (Park).
To avoid excessive drain on the
battery, it is recommended that
the headlamps are turned off.
2. Press the customization button to
scroll through the available
customizable options.
Feature Settings Menu Items
The following are customization
features that allow you to program
settings to the vehicle:
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
This feature will only display if a
language other than English
has been set. This feature allows
you to change the language in which
the DIC messages appear to
English.
Press the customization button until
the PRESS V TO DISPLAY IN
ENGLISH screen appears on the
DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to display all DIC
messages in English.
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
AUTO DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the
language in which the DIC
messages will appear.
This feature allows you to select
when the vehicle’s doors will
automatically lock. See Automatic
Door Lock on page 2-7 for more
information.
Press the customization button until
the PRESS V TO SET DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the
DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
ENGLISH (default): All messages
will appear in English.
FRANCAIS: All messages will
appear in French.
ESPANOL: All messages will
appear in Spanish.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET AUTO DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once
to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default):
The doors will automatically
lock when the vehicle is shifted out
of P (Park).
Instrument Panel
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The doors
will automatically lock when the
vehicle speed is above 8 mph
(13 km/h) for three seconds.
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select
whether or not to turn off the
automatic door unlocking feature. It
also allows you to select which
doors and when the doors will
automatically unlock. See Automatic
Door Unlock on page 2-7 for
more information.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
OFF: None of the doors will
automatically unlock.
DRIVER DOOR AT KEY OUT: Only
the driver’s door will unlock when
the key is taken out of the ignition.
DRIVER DOOR IN PARK: Only
the driver’s door will unlock
when the vehicle is shifted into
P (Park).
ALL DOORS AT KEY OUT: All of
the doors will unlock when the
key is taken out of the ignition.
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ALL DOORS IN PARK (default):
All of the doors will unlock when the
vehicle is shifted into P (Park).
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the
type of feedback you will receive
when locking the vehicle with
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. You will not receive
feedback when locking the vehicle
with the RKE transmitter if the doors
are open. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on
page 2-4 for more information.
3-52
Instrument Panel
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET REMOTE
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
VERIFICATION HORN & LIGHTS
(default): The exterior lamps
will flash when you press the lock
button on the RKE transmitter,
and the horn will sound when the
lock button is pressed again
within five seconds of the previous
command.
VERIFICATION OFF: There will be
no feedback when you press the
lock button on the RKE transmitter.
VERIFICATION NO CHANGE: No
change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will
remain.
VERIFICATION LIGHTS ONLY:
The exterior lamps will flash
when you press the lock button on
the RKE transmitter.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
VERIFICATION HORN ONLY: The
horn will sound on the second
press of the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select the
type of feedback you will receive
when unlocking the vehicle with the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. You will not receive
feedback when unlocking the vehicle
with the RKE transmitter if the
doors are open. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 2-4 for more
information.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET REMOTE
DOOR UNLOCK appears on the
DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
VERIF LIGHTS OFF: The exterior
lamps will not flash when you
press the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter.
VERIF LIGHTS ON (default): The
exterior lamps will flash when
you press the unlock button on the
RKE transmitter.
Instrument Panel
VERIF NO CHANGE: No change
will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
DELAY DOOR LOCK
On vehicles with a crew cab, this
feature allows you to select whether
or not the locking of the vehicle’s
doors will be delayed. When locking
the doors with the power door
lock switch and a door is open, this
feature will delay locking the
doors until five seconds after the
last door is closed. You will
hear three chimes to signal that the
delayed locking feature is in use.
The key must be out of the ignition
for this feature to work. You can
temporarily override delayed locking
by pressing the power door lock
switch twice or the lock button
on the RKE transmitter twice. See
Delayed Locking on page 2-6
for more information.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET DELAY
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no delayed
locking of the vehicle’s doors.
ON (default): The doors will not
lock until five seconds after the last
door is closed.
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
3-53
EXIT LIGHTING
This feature allows you to select the
amount of time you want the exterior
lamps to remain on when it is dark
enough outside. This happens after
the key is turned from ON/RUN to
LOCK/OFF.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET EXIT LIGHTING
appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to
access the settings for this feature.
Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following
settings:
OFF: The exterior lamps will not
turn on.
10 SECONDS (default): The
exterior lamps will stay on for
10 seconds.
30 SECONDS: The exterior lamps
will stay on for 30 seconds.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will
stay on for two minutes.
3-54
Instrument Panel
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
APPROACH LIGHTING
This feature allows you to select
whether or not to have the exterior
lights turn on briefly during low
light periods after unlocking
the vehicle using the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lights will not
turn on when you unlock the vehicle
with the RKE transmitter.
ON (default): If it is dark enough
outside, the exterior lights will
turn on briefly when you unlock the
vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
CHIME VOLUME
This feature allows you to select the
volume level of the chime.
The lights will remain on for
20 seconds or until the lock button
on the RKE transmitter is pressed,
or the vehicle is no longer off.
See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 2-4
for more information.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO SET CHIME
VOLUME appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
NORMAL: The chime volume will
be set to a normal level.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
LOUD: The chime volume will be
set to a loud level.
NO CHANGE: No change will be
made to this feature. The current
setting will remain.
There is no default for chime
volume. The volume will stay at the
last known setting.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
Instrument Panel
FACTORY SETTINGS
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS
This feature allows you to set all of
the customization features back
to their factory default settings.
This feature allows you to exit the
feature settings menu.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO RESTORE
FACTORY SET appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll
through the following settings:
RESTORE ALL (default): The
customization features will be set to
their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The
customization features will not be
set to their factory default settings.
To select a setting, press the
set/reset button while the desired
setting is displayed on the DIC.
Press the customization button until
PRESS V TO EXIT FEATURE
SETTINGS appears in the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button
once to exit the menu.
If you do not exit, pressing the
customization button again will return
you to the beginning of the feature
settings menu.
3-55
Exiting the Feature
Settings Menu
The feature settings menu will be
exited when any of the following
occurs:
• The vehicle is no longer in
ON/RUN.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle
information DIC buttons are
pressed.
• The end of the feature settings
menu is reached and exited.
• A 40 second time period has
elapsed with no selection made.
3-56
Instrument Panel
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio the vehicle
has and read the following pages to
become familiar with its features.
{ CAUTION
Taking your eyes off the road
for extended periods could cause
a crash resulting in injury or
death to you or others. Do not
give extended attention to
entertainment tasks while driving.
This system provides access to
many audio and non audio listings.
To minimize taking your eyes off
the road while driving, do the
following while the vehicle is parked:
• Become familiar with the
operation and controls of
the audio system.
• Set up the tone, speaker
adjustments, and preset radio
stations.
For more information, see Defensive
Driving on page 4-3.
Notice: Contact your
dealer/retailer before adding any
equipment.
Adding audio or communication
equipment could interfere
with the operation of the vehicle’s
engine, radio, or other systems,
and could damage them.
Follow federal rules covering
mobile radio and telephone
equipment.
Notice: The chime signals
related to safety belts, parking
brake, and other functions of your
vehicle operate through the
radio/entertainment system. If
that equipment is replaced
or additional equipment is added
to your vehicle, the chimes
may not work. Make sure that
replacement or additional
equipment is compatible with
your vehicle before installing it.
See Accessories and
Modifications on page 5-3.
The vehicle has Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, the
audio system can be played even
after the ignition is turned off.
See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 2-15 for more
information.
Setting the Clock
Radio with Single CD (MP3)
Player
To set the time and date:
1. Turn the ignition key to
ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN.
Press O to turn the radio on.
2. Press H and the HR, MIN, MM,
DD, YYYY (hour, minute, month,
day, and year) displays.
3. Press the softkey located below
any one of the tabs that you
want to change.
Instrument Panel
4. To increase the time or date do
one of the following:
• Press the softkey located
below the selected tab.
• Press ¨SEEK, or \ FWD.
• Turn f clockwise.
5. To decrease the time or date do
one of the following:
• Press ©SEEK or s REV.
• Turn f counterclockwise.
The date does not automatically
display. To see the date press
H while the radio is on. The date
with display times out after a
few seconds and goes back to the
normal radio and time display.
To change the time default setting
from 12 hour to 24 hour or to
change the date default setting from
month/day/year to day/month/year:
1. Press H and then the softkey
located below the forward
arrow label. Once the time 12H
and 24H, and the date
MM/DD/YYYY (month, day, and
year) and DD/MM/YYYY (day,
month, and year) displays.
2. Press the softkey located below
the desired option.
3. Press H again to apply the
selected default, or let the screen
time out.
Six-Disc CD (MP3) Player
To set the time and date:
1. Turn the ignition key to
ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN.
Press O to turn the radio on.
2. Press MENU.
3-57
3. Press the softkey below the H
tab. The HR, MIN, MM, DD,
YYYY displays.
4. Press the softkey below any one
of the tabs you want to change.
5. To increase the time or date do
one of the following:
• Press the softkey located
below the selected tab.
• Press ¨SEEK, or \ FWD.
• Turn f clockwise.
6. To decrease the time or date do
one of the following:
• Press ©SEEK or s REV.
• Turn f counterclockwise.
The date does not automatically
display. To see the date press
MENU and then softkey below the
H tab while the radio is on. The
date with display times out after a
few seconds and goes back to
the normal radio and time display.
3-58
Instrument Panel
To change the time default setting
from 12 hour to 24 hour or to
change the date default setting from
month/day/year to day/month/year:
Radio(s)
1. Press MENU, and then the
softkey below the H tab.
The HR, MIN, MM, DD, YYYY
displays.
2. Press the softkey below the
forward arrow tab. The time
12H and 24H, and the date
MM/DD/YYYY (month, day, and
year) and DD/MM/YYYY (day,
month, and year) displays.
3. Press the softkey located below
the desired option.
4. Press MENU again to apply the
selected default, or let the
screen time out.
Radio with CD shown, Radio with Six-Disc CD similar
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has a Radio Data
System (RDS). The RDS feature
is available for use only on FM
stations that broadcast RDS
information. This system relies upon
receiving specific information
from these stations and only works
when the information is available.
While the radio is tuned to an
FM-RDS station, the station name
or call letters displays. In rare cases,
a radio station can broadcast
incorrect information that causes
Instrument Panel
the radio features to work
improperly. If this happens, contact
the radio station.
The radio only seeks and scans
stations with a strong signal that are
in the selected band.
Playing the Radio
4 (Information) (XM™ Satellite
O (Power/Volume):
Press to turn
the system on and off.
Turn to increase or decrease the
volume.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press to switch between
AM, FM, or XM™ (if equipped).
f (Tune):
Turn to select radio
stations.
©SEEK ¨: Press to go to the
previous or to the next station.
To scan stations, press and hold
either arrow for a few seconds until
a beep sounds. The radio goes
to a station, plays for a few seconds,
then goes to the next station.
Press either arrow again to stop
scanning.
Radio Service, MP3, and
RDS Features): Press to display
additional text information related to
the current FM-RDS station, XM
station, or MP3 song. If information
is available, the song title
information displays on the top line
of the display and artist information
displays on the bottom line.
When information is not available,
“NO INFO” displays.
Storing a Radio Station as a
Favorite
Drivers are encouraged to set up
their radio station favorites while the
vehicle is parked. Tune to favorite
stations using the presets, favorites
button, and steering wheel
controls, if the vehicle has them.
See Defensive Driving on page 4-3.
3-59
FAV (Favorites): A maximum of
36 stations can be programmed as
favorites using the six pushbuttons
positioned below the radio station
frequency labels and by using
the FAV button (radio favorites
page). Press the FAV button to go
through up to six pages of
favorites, each having six favorite
stations available per page.
Each page of favorites can contain
any combination of AM, FM, or
XM stations. To store a station as a
favorite:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
2. Press the FAV button to
display the page where
the station is to be stored.
3. Press and hold one of the six
pushbuttons until a beep
sounds. When that pushbutton is
pressed and released, the
station that was set, returns.
4. Repeat the steps for each
pushbutton radio station to
be stored as a favorite.
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Instrument Panel
The number of favorites pages can
be setup using the MENU button.
To setup the number of favorites
pages:
1. Press the MENU button to
display the radio setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located
below the FAV 1-6 label.
3. Select the desired number of
favorites pages by pressing
the pushbutton located below the
displayed page numbers.
4. Press the FAV button, or let the
menu time out, to return to the
original main radio screen
showing the radio station
frequency tabs and to begin the
process of programming
favorites for the chosen amount
of numbered pages.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
BASS/MID/TREB (Bass, Midrange,
or Treble): To adjust bass,
midrange, or treble, press the f
knob until the tone control tabs
display. Continue pressing to
highlight the desired tab, or press
the pushbutton positioned under the
desired tab. Turn the f knob to
adjust the highlighted setting. Bass,
midrange, or treble can also be
adjusted by pressing either SEEK
arrow, \ FWD, or s REV
when the setting is highlighted until
the desired level is obtained. If a
station’s frequency is weak, or has
static, decrease the treble.
To quickly adjust bass, midrange, or
treble to the middle position,
press the pushbutton positioned
under the BASS, MID, or TREB tab
for more than two seconds. A
beep sounds and the level adjusts
to the middle position.
To quickly adjust all tone and
speaker controls to the middle
position, press the f knob for more
than two seconds until a beep
sounds.
EQ (Equalization): Press to select
preset equalization settings.
To return to the manual mode,
press the EQ button until Manual
displays or manually adjust the
bass, midrange, or treble by
pressing the f knob.
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE (Balance/Fade): To
adjust balance or fade, press
the tune knob until the speaker
control labels display. Continue
pressing to highlight the desired tab,
or press the pushbutton positioned
under the desired label.
Instrument Panel
Turn the f knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to adjust the
highlighted setting. The highlighted
setting can also be adjusted by
pressing either SEEK arrow,
\ FWD, or s REV until the
desired levels are obtained.
Finding a Category (CAT)
Station
To quickly adjust balance or fade
to the middle position, press the
pushbutton positioned under the
BAL or FADE label for more than
two seconds. A beep sounds and the
level adjusts to the middle position.
1. Press the BAND button until the
XM frequency displays. Press
the CAT button to display
the category tabs on the radio
display. Continue pressing
the CAT button until the desired
category name displays.
To quickly adjust all speaker and
tone controls to the middle position,
press the f knob for more than
two seconds until a beep sounds.
CAT (Category): The CAT button
is used to find XM stations when
the radio is in the XM mode. To find
XM channels within a desired
category, perform the following:
2. Press either of the two buttons
below the desired category tab
to immediately tune to the
first XM station associated with
that category.
3. Turn the f knob, press the
buttons below the right or
left arrows displayed, or press
either SEEK arrow to go to
the previous or to the next XM
station within the selected
category.
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4. To exit the category search
mode, press the FAV button
or BAND button to display
favorites again.
Undesired XM categories can be
removed through the setup
menu. To remove an undesired
category:
1. Press the MENU button to
display the radio setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located
below the XM CAT tab.
3. Turn the f knob to display the
category to be removed.
4. Press the pushbutton located
under the Remove tab until
the category name along with the
word Removed displays.
5. Repeat the steps to remove
more categories.
3-62
Instrument Panel
Removed categories can be
restored by pressing the pushbutton
under the Add tab when a removed
category is displayed or by
pressing the pushbutton under the
Restore All tab.
The radio does not allow categories
to be removed or added while
the vehicle is moving faster than
5 mph (8 km/h).
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM is a satellite radio service
that is based in the 48 contiguous
United States and 10 Canadian
provinces. XM Satellite Radio
has a wide variety of programming
and commercial-free music,
coast-to-coast, and in digital-quality
sound. During your trial or when
you subscribe, you will get unlimited
access to XM Radio Online for
when you are not in the vehicle. A
service fee is required to receive the
XM service. For more information,
contact XM at xmradio.com or
call 1-800-929-2100 in the U.S. and
xmradio.ca or call 1-877-438-9677
in Canada.
Radio Messages for XM Only
See XM Radio Messages on
page 3-71 later in this section for
further detail.
Radio Messages
Calibration Error: The audio
system has been calibrated for the
vehicle from the factory. If Calibration
Error displays, it means that the radio
has not been configured properly for
the vehicle and it must be returned to
your dealer/retailer for service.
Locked: This message displays
when the THEFTLOCK® system has
locked up the radio. Take the
vehicle to your dealer/retailer for
service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if
an error cannot be corrected,
contact your dealer/retailer.
Playing a CD (Single CD
Player)
Insert a CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player pulls
it in and the CD should begin
playing.
Playing a CD(s) (Six-Disc CD
Player)
LOAD ^ : Press to load CDs into
the CD player. This CD player
holds up to six CDs.
To insert one CD:
1. Press and release the
^ button.
2. Wait for the message to insert
the disc.
3. Load a CD. Insert the CD
partway into the slot, label side
up. The player pulls the CD in.
Instrument Panel
3-63
To insert multiple CDs:
Care of CDs
Care of the CD Player
1. Press and hold the ^ button for
two seconds. A beep sounds and
Load All Discs displays.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality
can be reduced due to CD-R quality,
the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded,
and the way the CD-R has been
handled. Handle them carefully.
Store CD-R(s) in their original cases
or other protective cases and away
from direct sunlight and dust. The CD
player scans the bottom surface of
the disc. If the surface of a CD is
damaged, such as cracked, broken,
or scratched, the CD does not play
properly or not at all. Do not touch
the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the
surface. Pick up CDs by grasping the
outer edges or the edge of the hole
and the outer edge.
Do not add any label to a CD, it
could get caught in the CD player. If
a CD is recorded on a personal
computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of
the recorded CD with a marking pen.
2. Follow the displayed instruction
on when to insert the discs. The
CD player takes up to six CDs.
3. Press the ^ button again
to cancel loading more CDs.
If the ignition or radio is turned off,
with a CD in the player, it stays
in the player. When the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD starts
playing where it stopped, if it
was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD
symbol displays on the CD. As each
new track starts to play, the track
number displays.
The CD player can play the smaller
3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an
adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the
same manner.
If the surface of a CD is soiled, take
a soft, lint free cloth or dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral
detergent solution mixed with water,
and clean it. Make sure the wiping
process starts from the center to
the edge.
To prevent contaminating the lens
of the disc optics with lubricants
internal to the player mechanism the
use of disc lens cleaners is not
advised.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD,
or more than one CD is inserted
into the slot at a time, or an
attempt is made to play scratched
or damaged CDs, the CD player
could be damaged. While using
the CD player, use only CDs in
good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep
the CD player and the loading slot
free of foreign materials, liquids,
and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD
Messages” later in this section.
3-64
Instrument Panel
Z EJECT: To eject the CD that
is currently playing, press and
release this button. A beep sounds
and Ejecting Disc displays. Once
the disc is ejected, Remove
Disc displays. The CD can be
removed. If the CD is not removed,
after several seconds, the CD
automatically pulls back into the
player and begins playing.
For the Six-Disc CD player, press
and hold Z for two seconds
to eject all discs.
f (Tune):
Turn to select tracks on
the CD currently playing.
©SEEK ¨: Press the left arrow
to go to the start of the current track,
if more than ten seconds have
played. Press the right arrow to go
to the next track. If either the
left or right arrow is held, or pressed
multiple times, the player continues
moving backward or forward
through the tracks on the CD.
s REV (Fast Reverse): Press
and hold to reverse playback quickly
within a track. Sound is heard at
a reduced volume. Release to
resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward):
Press
and hold to advance playback
quickly within a track. Sound is
heard at a reduced volume. Release
to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With the random
setting, the tracks can be listened to
in random, rather than sequential
order, on one CD or all CDs in a
six-disc CD player.
To use random:
• Press the pushbutton positioned
under the RDM tab until Random
Current Disc displays to play the
tracks from a CD in random
order. Press again to turn off
random play.
• Press the pushbutton positioned
under the RDM tab until
Randomize All Discs displays to
play tracks from all CDs loaded in
a six-disc CD player in random
order. Press again to turn off
random play.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD
remains inside the radio for future
listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to
play a CD when listening to the
radio. The CD icon and track
number displays when a CD is in
the player.
The radio system has an auxiliary
input jack located on the lower right
side of the faceplate. An external
audio device such as a portable
audio player can be connected to
the auxiliary input jack for use
as another source for playing CDs.
Instrument Panel
Press the CD/AUX button again and
the system begins playing audio
from the connected portable audio
player. If a portable audio player
is not connected, “No Input Device
Found” displays.
Playing an MP3 CD-R or
CD-RW Disc
The vehicle’s radio system may
have the MP3 feature. If it has this
feature, it is capable of playing
an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW disc. For
more information on how to play
an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW disc, see
Using an MP3 on page 3-66
later in this section.
CD Messages
CHECK DISC: If this message
displays and/or the CD comes out, it
could be:
• It is very hot. When the
temperature returns to normal,
the CD should play.
• The road is very rough. When
the road becomes smoother,
the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet,
or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait
about an hour and try again.
• There could have been a problem
while burning the CD.
• The label could be caught in the
CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for
any other reason, try a known
good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if
an error cannot be corrected,
contact your dealer/retailer. If the
radio displays an error message,
write it down and provide it to your
dealer/retailer when reporting
the problem.
3-65
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
The radio system has an auxiliary
input jack located on the lower right
side of the faceplate. This is not
an audio output; do not plug
the headphone set into the front
auxiliary input jack. An external
audio device such as an iPod™,
laptop computer, MP3 player,
CD changer, etc. can be connected
to the auxiliary input jack for use
as another audio source.
Drivers are encouraged to set up
any auxiliary device while the
vehicle is in P (Park). See Defensive
Driving on page 4-3 for more
information on driver distraction.
To use a portable audio player,
connect a 3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable
to the radio’s front auxiliary input
jack. When a device is connected,
press the radio CD/AUX button
to begin playing audio from
the device over the vehicle
speakers.
3-66
Instrument Panel
O (Power/Volume): Turn to
increase or decrease the volume of
the portable player. Additional
volume adjustments might have to
be made from the portable device if
the volume is not loud or soft
enough.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio
when a portable audio device is
playing. The portable audio device
continues playing.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to
play a CD when a portable audio
device is playing. Press again
and the system begins playing audio
from the connected portable audio
player. If a portable audio player
is not connected, “No Input Device
Found” displays.
Using an MP3
MP3 Format
MP3 CD-R or CD-RW Disc
To burn an MP3 disc on a personal
computer:
The radio plays MP3 files that were
recorded on a CD-R or CD-RW disc.
The files can be recorded with the
following fixed bit rates: 32 kbps,
40 kbps, 56 kbps, 64 kbps, 80 kbps,
96 kbps, 112 kbps, 128 kbps,
160 kbps, 192 kbps, 224 kbps,
256 kbps, and 320 kbps or a variable
bit rate. Song title, artist name, and
album are available for display by the
radio when recorded using ID3 tags
version 1 and 2.
Compressed Audio
The radio also plays discs that
contain both uncompressed
CD audio (.CDA files) and MP3
files. By default the radio reads only
the uncompressed audio and
ignore the MP3 files. Pressing the
CAT (category) button toggles
between compressed and
uncompressed audio format.
• Make sure the MP3 files are
recorded on a CD-R or
CD-RW disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and
MP3 files on one disc.
• The CD player is able to read
and play a maximum of
50 folders, 50 playlists, and
255 files.
• Create a folder structure that
makes it easy to find songs while
driving. Organize songs by
albums using one folder for each
album. Each folder or album
should contain 18 songs or less.
• Avoid subfolders. The system can
support up to eight subfolders
deep, however, keep the total
number of folders to a minimum in
order to reduce the complexity
and confusion in trying to locate a
particular folder during playback.
Instrument Panel
• Make sure playlists have a .mp3
or .wpl extension, other file
extensions may not work.
• Minimize the length of the file,
folder or playlist names. Long file,
folder, or playlist names, or a
combination of a large number of
files and folders, or playlists can
cause the player to be unable to
play up to the maximum number
of files, folders, playlists, or
sessions. To play a large number
of files, folders, playlists or
sessions, minimize the length of
the file, folder, or playlist name.
Long names also take up more
space on the display, potentially
getting cut off.
• Finalize the audio disc before
burning it. Trying to add music to
an existing disc can cause the
disc not to function in the player.
Playlists can be changed by using
the previous and next folder buttons,
the tune knob, or the SEEK arrows.
An MP3 CD-R or CD-RW that was
recorded using no file folders can
also be played. If a CD-R or CD-RW
contains more than the maximum of
50 folders, 50 playlists, and 255 files,
the player can access and navigate
up to the maximum, but all items over
the maximum are not accessible.
Root Directory
The root directory of the CD-R or
CD-RW is treated as a folder. If the
root directory has compressed audio
files, the directory displays as F1
ROOT. All files contained directly
under the root directory are
accessed prior to any root directory
folders. However, playlists (Px) are
always accessed before root folders
or files.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists
somewhere in the file structure that
contains only folders/subfolders and
no compressed files directly beneath
them, the player advances to the
next folder in the file structure that
contains compressed audio files. The
empty folder does not display.
3-67
No Folder
When the CD contains only
compressed files, the files are
located under the root folder. The
next and previous folder functions do
not display on a CD that was
recorded without folders or playlists.
When displaying the name of the
folder the radio displays ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists
and compressed audio files, but
no folders, all files are located under
the root folder. The folder down
and up buttons searches playlists
(Px) first and then go to the
root folder. When the radio displays
the name of the folder the radio
displays ROOT.
3-68
Instrument Panel
Order of Play
File System and Naming
Playing an MP3
Tracks recorded to the CD-R or
CD-RW are played in the following
order:
The song name that is displayed is
the song name that is contained
in the ID3 tag. If the song name is
not present in the ID3 tag, then
the radio displays the file name
without the extension (such as .mp3)
as the track name.
Insert a CD-R or CD-RW partway
into the slot (Single CD Player),
or press the ^ button and wait for
the message to insert disc
(Six-Disc CD Player), label side up.
The player pulls it in, and the
CD-R or CD-RW should begin
playing.
• Play begins from the first track in
the first playlist and continues
sequentially through all tracks in
each playlist. When the last
track of the last playlist has
played, play continues from the
first track of the first playlist.
• Play begins from the first track in
the first folder and continues
sequentially through all tracks in
each folder. When the last
track of the last folder has been
played, play continues from
the first track of the first folder.
When play enters a new folder, the
display does not automatically
show the new folder name unless
the folder mode is chosen as
the default display. The new track
name displays.
Track names longer than
32 characters or four pages are
shortened. Parts of words on the
last page of text and the extension
of the filename does not display.
Preprogrammed Playlists
Preprogrammed playlists that
were created by WinAmp™,
MusicMatch™, or Real Jukebox™
software can be accessed, however,
they cannot be edited using the
radio. These playlists are treated as
special folders containing
compressed audio song files.
If the ignition or radio is turned off
with a CD-R or CD-RW in the
player, it stays in the player. When
the ignition or radio is turned on,
the CD-R or CD-RW starts to
play where it stopped, if it was the
last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play,
the track number and song title
displays.
Z
EJECT: Press and release to
eject the CD-R or CD-RW that
is playing. A beep sounds
and Ejecting Disc displays. Once
the disc is ejected, Remove
Disc displays. The CD-R or CD-RW
can be removed. If the CD-R or
Instrument Panel
CD-RW is not removed, after
several seconds, the CD-R or
CD-RW automatically pulls back into
the player and begins playing.
S c (Previous Folder):
For the Six-Disc CD player, press
and hold this button for two seconds
to eject all discs.
c T (Next Folder): Press the
pushbutton positioned under
the Folder label to go to the first
track in the next folder.
f (Tune): Turn to select MP3 files
on the CD-R or CD-RW currently
playing.
©SEEK ¨: Press the left arrow
to go to the start of the current MP3
file, if more than ten seconds
have played. Press the right arrow
to go to the next MP3 file. If
either arrow is held or pressed
multiple times, the player continues
moving backward or forward
through MP3 files on the CD.
Press
the pushbutton positioned under the
Folder label to go to the first
track in the previous folder.
s
REV (Reverse): Press and
hold to reverse playback quickly
within an MP3 file. Sound is heard
at a reduced volume. Release
to resume playing the file. The
elapsed time of the file displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward):
Press
and hold to advance playback
quickly within an MP3 file. Sound is
heard at a reduced volume.
Release to resume playing the file.
The elapsed time of the file
displays.
3-69
RDM (Random): With the random
setting, the MP3 files on the
CD-R or CD-RW can be listened to
in random, rather than sequential
order, on one CD-R/CD-RW or
all discs in a six-disc CD player. To
use random, do one of the
following:
1. To play MP3 files from the CD-R
or CD-RW in random order,
press the pushbutton positioned
under the RDM label until
Random Current Disc displays.
Press the same pushbutton again
to turn off random play.
2. To play songs from all CDs
loaded in a six-disc CD player in
random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the
RDM label until Randomize
All Discs displays. Press
the same pushbutton again to
turn off random play.
3-70
Instrument Panel
h (Music Navigator): Use the
music navigator feature to play MP3
files on the CD-R or CD-RW in order
by artist or album. Press the
pushbutton located below the music
navigator label. The player scans the
disc to sort the files by artist and
album ID3 tag information. It can
take several minutes to scan the disc
depending on the number of MP3
files recorded to the CD-R or
CD-RW. The radio can begin playing
while it is scanning the disc in the
background. When the scan is
finished, the CD-R or CD-RW begins
playing again.
Once the disc has been scanned, the
player defaults to playing MP3 files in
order by artist. The current artist
playing is shown on the second line
of the display between the arrows.
Once all songs by that artist are
played, the player moves to the next
artist in alphabetical order on the
CD-R/CD-RW and begins playing
MP3 files by that artist. To listen to
MP3 files by another artist, press the
pushbutton located below either
arrow button. The disc goes to the
next or previous artist in alphabetical
order. Continue pressing either
button until the desired artist is
displayed.
To change from playback by artist to
playback by album, press the
pushbutton located below the Sort
By label. From the sort screen, push
one of the buttons below the album
button. Press the pushbutton below
the back label to return to the main
music navigator screen. Now the
album name is displayed on the
second line between the arrows and
songs from the current album begins
to play. Once all songs from that
album are played, the player moves
to the next album in alphabetical
order on the CD-R/CD-RW and
begins playing MP3 files from that
album.
To exit music navigator mode, press
the pushbutton below the Back label
to return to normal MP3 playback.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio
while a CD is playing. The inactive
CD remains inside the radio for
future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to
play a CD while listening to the
radio. The CD icon and a message
showing disc and/or track number
displays while a CD is in the player.
Press this button again and the
system automatically searches for
an auxiliary input device such
as a portable audio player. If a
portable audio player is not
connected, “No Aux Input Device”
displays.
Instrument Panel
XM Radio Messages
XL (Explicit Language Channels):
These channels, or any
others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling
1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating: The encryption code
in the receiver is being updated,
and no action is required. This
process should take no longer than
30 seconds.
No XM Signal: The system is
functioning correctly, but the vehicle
is in a location that is blocking
the XM™ signal. When the vehicle
is moved into an open area, the
signal should return.
Loading XM: The audio system is
acquiring and processing audio
and text data. No action is needed.
This message should disappear
shortly.
Channel Off Air: This channel is
not currently in service. Tune
in to another channel.
Channel Unauth: This channel is
blocked or cannot be received
with your XM Subscription package.
Channel Unavail: This previously
assigned channel is no longer
assigned. Tune to another station. If
this station was one of the presets,
choose another station for that
preset button.
No Artist Info: No artist information
is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working
properly.
3-71
CAT Not Found: There are no
channels available for the selected
category. The system is working
properly.
XM Theftlocked: The XM™
receiver in your vehicle could
have previously been in another
vehicle. For security purposes,
XM™ receivers cannot be swapped
between vehicles. If this message
is received after having your vehicle
serviced, check with your
dealer/retailer.
No Title Info: No song title
information is available at this time
on this channel. The system is
working properly.
XM Radio ID: If tuned to channel 0,
this message alternates with the
XM™ Radio 8 digit radio ID
label. This label is needed to
activate the service.
No CAT Info: No category
information is available at this time
on this channel. The system is
working properly.
Unknown: If this message is
received when tuned to channel 0,
there could be a receiver fault.
Consult with your dealer/retailer.
No Information: No text or
informational messages are
available at this time on this
channel. The system is working
properly.
3-72
Instrument Panel
Check XM Receivr: If this message
does not clear within a short
period of time, the receiver could
have a fault. Consult with your
dealer/retailer.
XM Not Available: If this message
does not clear within a short
period of time, the receiver could
have a fault. Consult with your
dealer/retailer.
Bluetooth®
Vehicles with a Bluetooth system can
use a Bluetooth capable cell phone
with a Hands Free Profile to make
and receive phone calls. The system
can be used while the key is in
ON/RUN or ACC/ACCESSORY
position. The range of the Bluetooth
system can be up to 30 ft. (9.1 m).
Not all phones support all functions,
and not all phones are guaranteed to
work with the in-vehicle Bluetooth
system. See gm.com/bluetooth for
more information on compatible
phones.
Voice Recognition
The Bluetooth system uses voice
recognition to interpret voice
commands to dial phone numbers
and name tags.
Noise: Keep interior noise levels to
a minimum. The system may not
recognize voice commands if there
is too much background noise.
When to Speak: A short tone
sounds after the system responds
indicating when it is waiting for
a voice command. Wait until
the tone and then speak.
How to Speak: Speak clearly in a
calm and natural voice.
Audio System
When using the in-vehicle Bluetooth
system, sound comes through
the vehicle’s front audio system
speakers and overrides the audio
system. Use the audio system
volume knob, during a call,
to change the volume level. The
adjusted volume level remains
in memory for later calls. To prevent
missed calls, a minimum volume
level is used if the volume is turned
down too low.
Bluetooth Controls
Use the buttons located on the
steering wheel to operate the
in-vehicle Bluetooth system. See
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
on page 3-82 for more information.
J / 0 (Push To Talk): Press to
answer incoming calls, confirm
system information, and to start
speech recognition.
− / K (Phone On Hook): Press
to end a call and to cancel an
operation.
Pairing
A Bluetooth enabled cell phone
must be paired to the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system first and then
connected to the vehicle before it
can be used. See the cell phone
manufacturers user guide for
Instrument Panel
Bluetooth functions before pairing
the cell phone. If a Bluetooth phone
is not connected, calls will be
made using OnStar® Hands-Free
Calling, if available. Refer to
the OnStar owner’s guide for more
information.
Pairing Information:
• Up to five cell phones can be
paired to the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system.
• The pairing process is disabled
when the vehicle is moving.
• The in-vehicle Bluetooth system
automatically links with the first
available paired cell phone in the
order the phone was paired.
• Only one paired cell phone can
be connected to the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system at a time.
• Pairing should only need to be
completed once, unless changes
to the pairing information have
been made or the phone is
deleted.
To link to a different paired phone,
see Linking to a Different Phone
later in this section.
Pairing a Phone
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system
responds with “Bluetooth
ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Pair”. The system responds
with instructions and a four digit
PIN number. The PIN number
will be used in Step 4.
4. Start the Pairing process on the
cell phone that will be paired to
the vehicle. Reference the
cell phone manufacturers user
guide for information on this
process.
3-73
Locate the device named
“General Motors” in the list on the
cellular phone and follow the
instructions on the cell phone to
enter the four digit PIN number
that was provided in Step 3.
5. The system prompts for a name
for the phone. Use a name that
best describes the phone.
This name will be used to
indicate which phone is
connected. The system then
confirms the name provided.
6. The system responds with
“<Phone name> has been
successfully paired” after the
pairing process is complete.
7. Repeat Steps 1 through 7 for
additional phones to be paired.
3-74
Instrument Panel
Listing All Paired and Connected
Phones
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system
responds with “Bluetooth
ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “List”. The system lists all
the paired Bluetooth devices.
If a phone is connected to
the vehicle, the system will say
“Is connected” after the
connected phone.
Deleting a Paired Phone
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system
responds with “Bluetooth
ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Delete”. The system asks
which phone to delete followed
by a tone.
4. Say the name of the phone to be
deleted. If the phone name is
unknown, use the “List” command
for a list of all paired phones. The
system responds with “Would you
like to delete <phone name>?
Yes or No” followed by a tone.
5. Say “Yes” to delete the phone.
The system responds with “OK,
deleting <phone name>”.
Linking to a Different Phone
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system
responds with “Bluetooth
ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Change phone”. The
system responds with “Please
wait while I search for other
phones”.
• If another phone is found, the
response will be “<Phone
name> is now connected”.
• If another phone is not found,
the original phone remains
connected.
Storing Name Tags
The system can store up to thirty
phone numbers as name tags
that are shared between the
Bluetooth and OnStar systems.
The system uses the following
commands to store and retrieve
phone numbers:
• Store
• Digit Store
• Directory
Instrument Panel
Using the Store Command
The store command allows a phone
number to be stored without
entering the digits individually.
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Store”. The system
responds with “Store, number
please” followed by a tone.
3. Say the complete phone number
to be stored at once with no
pauses.
• If the system recognizes the
number it responds with
“OK, Storing” and repeats the
phone number.
• If the system is unsure it
recognizes the phone number,
it responds with “Store” and
repeats the number followed
by “Please say yes or no”. If
the number is correct, say
“Yes”. If the number is not
correct, say “No”. The system
will ask for the number to be
re-entered.
3-75
• If the name tag sounds
correct, say “Yes” and the
name tag is stored. After the
number is stored the system
returns to the main menu.
Using the Digit Store Command
The digit store command allows
a phone number to be stored
by entering the digits individually.
4. After the system stores the
phone number, it responds
with “Please say the name tag”
followed by a tone.
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
5. Say a name tag for the phone
number. The name tag is
recorded and the system
responds with “About to
store <name tag>. Does that
sound OK?”.
2. Say “Digit Store”. The system
responds with “Please say the
first digit to store” followed
by a tone.
• If the name tag does not sound
correct, say “No” and repeat
Step 5.
3-76
Instrument Panel
3. Say the first digit to be stored.
The system will repeat back
the digit it heard followed by a
tone. Continue entering digits
until the number to be stored is
complete.
• If an unwanted number is
recognized by the system,
say “Clear” at any time
to clear the last number.
• To hear all of the numbers
recognized by the system,
say “Verify” at any time
and the system will
repeat them.
4. After the complete number has
been entered, say “Store”. The
system responds with “Please
say the name tag” followed by
a tone.
5. Say a name tag for the phone
number. The name tag is
recorded and the system
responds with “About to store
<name tag>. Does that
sound OK?”.
• If the name tag does not sound
correct, say “No” and repeat
Step 5.
• If the name tag sounds
correct, say “Yes” and the
name tag is stored. After the
number is stored the system
returns to the main menu.
Using the Directory Command
The directory command lists
all of the name tags stored by the
system. To use the directory
command:
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Directory”. The system
responds with “Directory”
and then plays back all of the
stored name tags. When the list
is complete, the system
returns to the main menu.
Deleting Name Tags
The system uses the following
commands to delete name tags:
• Delete
• Delete all name tags
Using the Delete Command
The delete command allows specific
name tags to be deleted.
To use the delete command:
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Delete”. The system
responds with “Delete, please
say the name tag” followed by
a tone.
Instrument Panel
3. Say the name tag to be deleted.
The system responds with
“Would you like to delete,
<name tag>? Please say yes
or no”.
• If the name tag is correct, say
“Yes” to delete the name tag.
The system responds with
“OK, deleting <name tag>,
returning to the main menu.”
• If the name tag is incorrect,
say “No”. The system
responds with “No. OK, let’s
try again, please say the
name tag.”
To use the delete all name tags
command:
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Delete all name tags”. The
system responds with “You are
about to delete all name tags
stored in your phone directory
and your route destination
directory. Are you sure you want
to do this? Please say yes or no.”
• Say “Yes” to delete all
name tags.
Using the Delete All Name Tags
Command
The delete all name tags command
deletes all stored phone book
name tags and route name tags for
OnStar (if present).
• Say “No” to cancel the function
and return to the main menu.
Making a Call
Calls can be made using the
following commands:
•
•
•
•
Dial
Digit Dial
Call
Re-dial
3-77
Using the Dial Command
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Dial”. The system responds
with “Dial using <phone name>.
“Number please” followed by
a tone.
3. Say the entire number without
pausing.
• If the system recognizes the
number, it responds with
“OK, Dialing” and dials
the number.
• If the system does not
recognize the number,
it confirms the numbers
followed by a tone. If the
number is correct, say “Yes”.
The system responds with
“OK, Dialing” and dials
the number. If the number is
not correct, say “No”. The
system will ask for the number
to be re-entered.
3-78
Instrument Panel
Using the Digit Dial Command
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Digit Dial”. The system
responds with “Digit dial
using <phone name>, please say
the first digit to dial” followed
by a tone.
3. Say the digit to be dialed one at
a time. Following each digit, the
system will repeat back the
digit it heard followed by a tone.
4. Continue entering digits until the
number to be dialed is complete.
After the whole number has
been entered, say “Dial”.
The system responds with “OK,
Dialing” and dials the number.
• If an unwanted number
is recognized by the system,
say “Clear” at any time to
clear the last number.
• To hear all of the numbers
recognized by the system, say
“Verify” at any time and the
system will repeat them.
Using the Call Command
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Call”. The system responds
with “Call using <phone name>.
Please say the name tag”
followed by a tone.
3. Say the name tag of the person
to call.
• If the system clearly
recognizes the name tag it
responds with “OK, calling,
<name tag>” and dials
the number.
• If the system is unsure it
recognizes the right name tag,
it confirms the name tag
followed by a tone. If
the name tag is correct, say
“Yes”. The system responds
with “OK, calling, <name
tag>” and dials the number. If
the name tag is not correct,
say “No”. The system will ask
for the name tag to be
re-entered.
Once connected, the person called
will be heard through the audio
speakers.
Using the Re-dial Command
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. After the tone, say “Re-dial”. The
system responds with “Re-dial
using <phone name>” and dials
the last number called from the
connected Bluetooth phone.
Instrument Panel
Once connected, the person called
will be heard through the audio
speakers.
• To ignore the incoming call,
Receiving a Call
• Press − / K to disconnect the
When an incoming call is received,
the audio system mutes and a
ring tone is heard in the vehicle.
• Press J / 0 and begin speaking
to answer the call.
• Press − / K to ignore a call.
Call Waiting
Call waiting must be supported on
the Bluetooth phone and enabled
by the wireless service carrier
to work.
• Press J / 0 to answer an
continue with the original call with
no action.
current call and switch to the
call on hold.
Three-Way Calling
Three-Way Calling must be
supported on the Bluetooth phone
and enabled by the wireless service
carrier to work.
1. While on a call press J / 0. The
system responds with “Ready”
followed by a tone.
2. Say “Three-way call”. The
system responds with “Three-way
call, please say dial or call”.
incoming call when another call
is active. The original call is
placed on hold.
3. Use the dial or call command to
dial the number of the third party
to be called.
• Press J / 0 again to return to the
4. Once the call is connected,
press J / 0 to link all the callers
together.
original call.
3-79
Ending a Call
Press − /
K to end a call.
Muting a Call
During a call, all sounds from inside
the vehicle can be muted so that
the person on the other end of
the call cannot hear them.
To Mute a call
1. Press J / 0. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Mute Call”. The system
responds with “Call muted”.
To Cancel Mute
1. Press J / 0. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. After the tone, say “Mute Call”.
The system responds with
“Resuming call”.
3-80
Instrument Panel
Transferring a Call
Audio can be transferred between
the in-vehicle Bluetooth system
and the cell phone.
To Transfer Audio to the Cell
Phone
During a call with the audio in the
vehicle:
1. Press J / 0. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Transfer Call.” The system
responds with “Transferring call”
and the audio will switch from
the vehicle to the cell phone.
To Transfer Audio to the
In-Vehicle Bluetooth System
The cellular phone must be paired
and connected with the Bluetooth
system before a call can be
transferred. The connection process
can take up to two minutes after
the key is turned to the ON/RUN or
ACC/ACCESSORY position.
During a call with the audio on the
cell phone, press J / 0 for more
than two seconds. The audio
switches from the cell phone to the
vehicle.
Voice Pass-Thru
Voice Pass-Thru allows access to
the voice recognition commands on
the cell phone. See the cell
phone manufacturers user guide to
see if the cell phone supports
this feature. This feature can be
used to verbally access contacts
stored in the cell phone.
1. Press and hold J / 0 for
two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system
responds with “Bluetooth
ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Voice”. The system
responds with “OK, accessing
<phone name>”.
• The cell phone’s normal
prompt messages will
go through its cycle according
to the phone’s operating
instructions.
Dual Tone Multi-Frequency
(DTMF) Tones
The in-vehicle Bluetooth system can
send numbers and numbers stored
as name tags during a call. This is
used when calling a menu driven
phone system. Account numbers can
be programmed into the phonebook
for retrieval during menu driven calls.
Sending a Number During a Call
1. Press J / 0. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Dial”. The system responds
with “Say a number to send
tones” followed by a tone.
Instrument Panel
3. Say the number to send.
• If the system clearly
recognizes the number it
responds with “OK, Sending
Number” and the dial
tones are sent and the call
continues.
• If the system is not sure it
recognized the number
properly, it responds “Dial
Number, Please say yes or
no?” followed by a tone. If the
number is correct, say
“Yes”. The system responds
with “OK, Sending Number”
and the dial tones are
sent and the call continues.
Sending a Stored Name Tag
During a Call
1. Press J / 0. The system
responds with “Ready” followed
by a tone.
2. Say “Send name tag.” The
system responds with “Say
a name tag to send tones”
followed by a tone.
3. Say the name tag to send.
• If the system clearly
recognizes the name tag it
responds with “OK, Sending
<name tag>” and the dial
tones are sent and the
call continues.
• If the system is not sure it
recognized the name tag
properly, it responds
“Dial <name tag>, Please say
yes or no?” followed by a
tone. If the name tag is
correct, say “Yes”. The
system responds with “OK,
Sending <name tag>” and the
dial tones are sent and the
call continues.
Clearing the System
Unless information is deleted out of
the in-vehicle Bluetooth system,
it will be retained indefinitely. This
includes all saved name tags in
the phonebook and phone pairing
information. For information on
how to delete this information, see
3-81
the above sections on Deleting a
Paired Phone and Deleting
Name Tags.
Other Information
The Bluetooth® word mark and
logos are owned by the Bluetooth®
SIG, Inc. and any use of such
marks by General Motors is under
license. Other trademarks and
trade names are those of their
respective owners.
This device complies with Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause
harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation.
3-82
Instrument Panel
This device complies with RSS-210
of Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions:
Audio Steering Wheel
Controls
For vehicles with Bluetooth®, press
to end a call, or cancel an
incoming call.
1. This device may not cause
interference.
v + v −(Volume): Move the
thumbwheel up or down to increase
or to decrease the volume.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the
device.
J 0 (Call / Mute): Press and
release to mute the system. Press it
again to turn the sound back on.
Changes or modifications to this
system by other than an authorized
service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to
discourage theft of the vehicle’s
radio by learning a portion of
the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). The radio does not operate if
it is stolen or moved to a different
vehicle.
Some audio controls can be
adjusted at the steering wheel. They
include the following:
+ / − (Next/Previous): Press and
release to go to the next or the
previous preset radio station or CD
track.
K (End Call): For vehicles with
the OnStar® system, press to end a
Hands-Free call, an OnStar® call,
cancel an incoming call, or end
the Advisor Playback.
For vehicles with OnStar® or
Bluetooth systems, press and hold
for longer than two seconds to
interact with those systems. See
OnStar® System on page 2-29 and
Bluetooth® on page 3-72 in this
manual for more information.
Instrument Panel
3-83
Radio Reception
FM Stereo
Cellular Phone Usage
Frequency interference and static
can occur during normal radio
reception if items such as cell phone
chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic
devices are plugged into the
accessory power outlet. If there is
interference or static, unplug the item
from the accessory power outlet.
FM signals only reach about
10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Although the radio has a built-in
electronic circuit that automatically
works to reduce interference,
some static can occur, especially
around tall buildings or hills, causing
the sound to fade in and out.
AM
XM Satellite Radio Service gives
digital radio reception from
coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada.
Just as with FM, tall buildings or hills
can interfere with satellite radio
signals, causing the sound to fade
in and out. In addition, traveling
or standing under heavy foliage,
bridges, garages, or tunnels
may cause loss of the XM signal for
a period of time.
Cellular phone usage may cause
interference with the vehicle’s radio.
This interference may occur when
making or receiving phone calls,
charging the phone’s battery,
or simply having the phone on. This
interference causes an increased
level of static while listening to
the radio. If static is received while
listening to the radio, unplug the
cellular phone and turn it off.
The range for most AM stations is
greater than for FM, especially at
night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with
each other. For better radio
reception, most AM radio stations
boost the power levels during the
day, and then reduce these levels
during the night. Static can also
occur when things like storms and
power lines interfere with radio
reception. When this happens, try
reducing the treble on the radio.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
3-84
Instrument Panel
Fixed Mast Antenna
Chime Level Adjustment
The fixed mast antenna can
withstand most car washes without
being damaged as long as it is
securely attached to the base. If the
mast becomes slightly bent,
straighten it out by hand. If the mast
is badly bent, replace it.
The radio may be used to adjust
the vehicle’s chime level. If the radio
can be used to change the volume
level of the chime, press and
hold the sixth FAV softkey with the
ignition on and the radio power
off. The volume level changes
between Normal and Loud. The
selected volume level appears on
the radio display.
Occasionally check to make sure
the antenna is tightened to its base.
If tightening is required, tighten
by hand.
XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System
The XM Satellite Radio antenna is
located on the roof of the vehicle.
Keep the antenna clear of
obstructions for clear radio
reception.
If the vehicle has a sunroof, the
performance of the XM system may
be affected if the sunroof is open.
Removing the radio and not
replacing it with a factory radio or
chime module will disable vehicle
chimes.
Driving Your Vehicle
Driving Your
Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road,
and the Vehicle
Driving Your Vehicle ...........4-1
Driver Behavior ...................4-2
Driving Environment ............4-2
Vehicle Design ...................4-2
Driving for Better Fuel
Economy ...........................4-3
Defensive Driving ................4-3
Drunk Driving .....................4-4
Control of a Vehicle ............4-4
Braking ...............................4-5
Antilock Brake
System (ABS) ...................4-6
Braking in Emergencies ......4-6
StabiliTrak® System ............4-7
Traction Control
System (TCS) ...................4-8
Steering ..............................4-9
Off-Road Recovery ............4-10
Passing .............................4-11
Loss of Control .................4-11
Driving at Night .................4-12
Driving in Rain and on
Wet Roads ......................4-13
Before Leaving on a
Long Trip ........................4-14
Highway Hypnosis .............4-14
Hill and Mountain
Roads .............................4-14
Winter Driving ...................4-15
If Your Vehicle is Stuck
in Sand, Mud, Ice,
or Snow ...........................4-17
Rocking Your Vehicle to
Get It Out .......................4-17
Loading the Vehicle ..........4-18
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle .........4-22
Recreational Vehicle
Towing ............................4-23
Towing a Trailer ................4-26
4-1
Your Driving, the
Road, and the Vehicle
Driving Your Vehicle
Whenever we drive, we are taking
on an important responsibility.
This is true for any motor
vehicle — passenger car, van,
truck, sport utility. Driver behavior,
the driving environment, and
the vehicle’s design all affect how
well a vehicle performs. But
statistics show that the most
important factor, by far, is how
we drive.
Knowing how these three factors
work together can help you
understand how your vehicle
handles and what you can do to
avoid many types of crashes,
including a rollover crash.
4-2
Driving Your Vehicle
Driver Behavior
Driving Environment
The single most important thing is
this: everyone in the vehicle,
including the driver, should buckle
up. See Safety Belts: They Are
for Everyone on page 1-10. In fact,
most serious injuries and fatalities
to unbelted occupants can be
reduced or prevented by the use of
safety belts. In a rollover crash,
an unbelted person is significantly
more likely to die than a person
wearing a seat belt. In addition,
avoiding excessive speed, sudden
or abrupt turns, and drunken or
aggressive driving can help make
trips safer and avoid the possibility
of a crash, especially a rollover
crash. This section provides many
useful tips to help you drive
more safely.
You can also help avoid a rollover
or other type of crash by being
prepared for driving in inclement
weather, at night, or during
other times where visibility or
traction may be limited, such as on
curves, slippery roads, or hilly
terrain. Unfamiliar surroundings can
also have hidden hazards.
To help you learn more about driving
in different conditions, this section
contains information about city,
freeway, and off-road driving, as well
as other hints for driving in various
weather conditions.
Vehicle Design
According to the U.S. Department
of Transportation, utility vehicles
have a significantly higher rollover
rate than other types of vehicles.
Utility vehicles do have higher
ground clearance and a narrower
track or shorter wheelbase than
passenger cars, to make them more
capable for off-road driving.
Specific design characteristics like
these give the driver a better view of
the road, but also give utility
vehicles a higher center of gravity
than other types of vehicles.
This means that you should not
expect a utility vehicle to handle the
same way a vehicle with a lower
center of gravity, like a car, would in
similar situations.
But driver behavior factors are far
more often the cause of a utility
vehicle rollover than are
environmental or vehicle factors.
Safe driver behavior and
understanding the environment in
which you will be driving can help
avoid a rollover crash in any type of
vehicle, including utility vehicles.
Driving Your Vehicle
Driving for Better Fuel
Economy
• Always follow posted speed limits
Driving habits can affect fuel
mileage. Here are some driving tips
to get the best fuel economy
possible.
• Keep vehicle tires properly
• Avoid fast starts and accelerate
smoothly.
• Brake gradually and avoid
abrupt stops.
• Avoid idling the engine for long
periods of time.
• When road and weather
conditions are appropriate, use
cruise control, if equipped.
or drive more slowly when
conditions require.
inflated.
• Combine several trips into a
single trip.
• Replace the vehicle’s tires with
the same TPC Spec number
molded into the tire’s sidewall
near the size.
• Follow recommended scheduled
maintenance.
Defensive Driving
Defensive driving means “always
expect the unexpected.” The
first step in driving defensively is to
wear your safety belt — See
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
on page 1-10.
4-3
{ CAUTION
Assume that other road users
(pedestrians, bicyclists, and other
drivers) are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate
what they might do and be ready.
In addition:
• Allow enough following
distance between you and
the driver in front of you.
• Focus on the task of driving.
Driver distraction can cause
collisions resulting in injury or
possible death. These simple
defensive driving techniques could
save your life.
4-4
Driving Your Vehicle
Drunk Driving
{ CAUTION
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes,
perceptions, attentiveness, and
judgment can be affected by even
a small amount of alcohol. You
can have a serious — or even
fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
Death and injury associated with
drinking and driving is a global
tragedy.
Alcohol affects four things that
anyone needs to drive a vehicle:
judgment, muscular coordination,
vision, and attentiveness.
Police records show that almost
40 percent of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve
alcohol. In most cases, these deaths
are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years,
more than 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol,
with about 250,000 people injured.
For persons under 21, it is against
the law in every U.S. state to
drink alcohol. There are good
medical, psychological, and
developmental reasons for
these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the
leading highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcohol
and then drive.
Medical research shows that alcohol
in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially
injuries to the brain, spinal cord, or
heart. This means that when anyone
who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or
permanently disabled is higher than
if the person had not been drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
The following three systems
help to control the vehicle while
driving —brakes, steering, and
accelerator. At times, as when
driving on snow or ice, it is easy to
ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide.
Meaning, you can lose control of
the vehicle. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-8.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories can affect vehicle
performance. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 5-3.
Driving Your Vehicle
Braking
See Brake System Warning Light on
page 3-27.
Braking action involves perception
time and reaction time. Deciding
to push the brake pedal is
perception time. Actually doing it is
reaction time.
Average reaction time is about
three-fourths of a second. But that
is only an average. It might be
less with one driver and as long as
two or three seconds or more
with another. Age, physical
condition, alertness, coordination,
and eyesight all play a part. So
do alcohol, drugs, and frustration.
But even in three-fourths of a
second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph
(100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough
space between the vehicle
and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping
distances vary greatly with the
surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of
the road, whether it is wet, dry, or
icy; tire tread; the condition of
the brakes; the weight of the vehicle;
and the amount of brake force
applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some
people drive in spurts — heavy
acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace
with traffic. This is a mistake. The
brakes might not have time to cool
between hard stops. The brakes will
wear out much faster with a lot of
heavy braking. Keeping pace with
the traffic and allowing realistic
following distances eliminates a lot of
unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
4-5
If the engine ever stops while the
vehicle is being driven, brake
normally but do not pump the
brakes. If the brakes are pumped,
the pedal could get harder to
push down. If the engine stops,
there will still be some power brake
assist but it will be used when
the brake is applied. Once the power
assist is used up, it can take
longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories can affect vehicle
performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 5-3.
4-6
Driving Your Vehicle
Antilock Brake
System (ABS)
This vehicle has the Antilock Brake
System (ABS), an advanced
electronic braking system that helps
prevent a braking skid.
When the engine is started and the
vehicle begins to drive away,
ABS checks itself. A momentary
motor or clicking noise might
be heard while this test is going on,
and it might even be noticed that
the brake pedal moves a little. This
is normal.
If there is a problem with ABS, this
warning light stays on. See
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
Warning Light on page 3-28.
Let us say the road is wet and you
are driving safely. Suddenly, an
animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes and
continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that the wheels
are slowing down. If one of the
wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work
the brakes at each wheel.
ABS can change the brake pressure
to each wheel, as required, faster
than any driver could. This can
help the driver steer around
the obstacle while braking hard.
As the brakes are applied, the
computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change
the time needed to get a foot
up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you
get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, there will not be enough
time to apply the brakes if that
vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up
ahead to stop, even with ABS.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold
the brake pedal down firmly and
let antilock work. The antilock pump
or motor operating might be
heard and the brake pedal might be
felt to pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
ABS allows the driver to steer and
brake at the same time. In many
emergencies, steering can help more
than even the very best braking.
Driving Your Vehicle
StabiliTrak® System
The vehicle has a vehicle stability
enhancement system called
StabiliTrak which combines antilock
brake, traction and stability control
systems and helps the driver
maintain directional control of the
vehicle in most driving conditions.
StabiliTrak activates when the
computer senses a discrepancy
between the intended path and the
direction the vehicle is actually
traveling. StabiliTrak selectively
applies braking pressure at any one
of the vehicle’s brakes to assist
the driver with keeping the vehicle
on the intended path.
When the vehicle is started and
begins to move, the system
performs several diagnostic checks
to insure there are no problems.
The system may be heard or felt
while it is working. This is normal
and does not mean there is a
problem with the vehicle.
4-7
The StabiliTrak system automatically
comes on whenever the vehicle is
started. To assist the driver with
vehicle directional control, especially
in slippery road conditions, the
system should always be left on.
StabiliTrak can be turned off if
needed.
This light is located on the
instrument panel cluster.
It will flash when StabiliTrak is both
on and activated.
If the system fails to turn on or
activate, this light will be on solid.
When the light is on solid, the
system will not assist the driver
maintain directional control of
the vehicle. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
The Traction Control System
(TCS)/StabiliTrak button is located
on the instrument panel.
TCS can be turned off or turned on
by pressing and releasing the
TCS/StabiliTrak button. To disable
both StabiliTrak and TCS, press and
hold the button until the TCS/
StabiliTrak warning light turns
on solid.
4-8
Driving Your Vehicle
It is recommended to leave the
system on for normal driving
conditions, but it may be necessary
to turn the system off if the
vehicle is stuck in sand, mud, ice or
snow, and you want to “rock” the
vehicle to attempt to free it.
StabiliTrak may also turn off
automatically if it determines that a
problem exists with the system. The
TCS/StabiliTrak warning light will be
on solid to warn the driver that
StabiliTrak is disabled and requires
service. If the problem does not clear
itself after restarting the vehicle, see
your dealer/retailer for service.
If cruise control is being used when
StabiliTrak activates, the cruise
control automatically disengages.
The cruise control can be
re-engaged when road conditions
allow. See Cruise Control on
page 3-9.
Trailer Sway Control (TSC)
The vehicle has a Trailer Sway
Control (TSC) feature as part of the
StabiliTrak system. If the vehicle is
towing a trailer and the system
detects that the trailer is swaying, the
vehicle’s brakes are applied without
the driver pressing the brake pedal.
The TCS/StabiliTrak warning light
will flash on the instrument panel
cluster to notify the driver to reduce
speed. If the trailer continues to
sway, StabiliTrak will reduce engine
torque to help slow the vehicle.
Traction Control System
(TCS)
The vehicle has a Traction Control
System (TCS) that limits wheel spin.
This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system
operates only if it senses that one or
both of the front wheels are spinning
or beginning to lose traction. When
this happens, TCS applies the
brakes to limit wheel spin and also
reduces engine power. The system
may be heard or felt while it is
working, but this is normal.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories can affect the vehicle’s
performance. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 5-3 for
more information.
This light will flash when TCS is
limiting wheel spin.
It is recommended to leave the
system on for normal driving
conditions, but it may be necessary
to turn the system off if the vehicle is
stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow, and
you want to “rock” the vehicle to
Driving Your Vehicle
attempt to free it. See Rocking Your
Vehicle to Get It Out on page 4-17
and If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 4-17 for
more information.
The TCS/StabiliTrak® button is
located on the instrument panel.
Press and release this button to turn
off TCS. The TCS warning light
will be displayed on the instrument
panel. The traction control system
can be turned back on by pressing
the TCS/StabiliTrak button.
If the system is limiting wheel spin
when the button is pressed, the
system will not turn off until there is
no longer a current need to limit
wheel spin. The system can
be turned back on at any time by
pressing the button again. If the
TCS light does not come on,
TCS may not be functioning
properly and the vehicle should be
serviced at your dealer/retailer.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories can affect the vehicle’s
performance. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 5-3 for
more information.
Steering
Electric Power Steering
If the engine stalls while driving, the
power steering assist system will
continue to operate until you
are able to stop the vehicle. If power
steering assist is lost because the
electric power steering system is not
functioning, the vehicle can be
steered but it will take more effort.
If you turn the steering wheel in
either direction several times until it
stops, or hold the steering wheel
in the stopped position for an
extended amount of time, you may
4-9
notice a reduced amount of power
steering assist. The normal
amount of power steering assist
should return shortly after a
few normal steering movements.
The electric power steering system
does not require regular
maintenance. If you suspect
steering system problems and/or the
Service Vehicle Soon light comes
on, contact your dealer/retailer
for service repairs.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a
reasonable speed.
Traction in a curve depends on the
condition of the tires and the
road surface, the angle at which the
curve is banked, and vehicle
speed. While in a curve, speed is
the one factor you can control.
If there is a need to reduce speed,
do it before entering the curve,
while the front wheels are straight.
4-10
Driving Your Vehicle
Try to adjust the speed so you can
drive through the curve. Maintain
a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the
straightaway.
collision. Then steer around the
problem, to the left or right
depending on the space available.
Off-Road Recovery
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can
be more effective than braking. For
example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a
car suddenly pulls out from nowhere,
or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of
you. These problems can be avoided
by braking — if you can stop in time.
But sometimes you cannot stop in
time because there is no room.
That is the time for evasive
action — steering around the
problem.
The vehicle can perform very well
in emergencies like these. First apply
the brakes. See Braking on
page 4-5. It is better to remove
as much speed as possible from a
The fact that such emergency
situations are always possible is a
good reason to practice defensive
driving at all times and wear
safety belts properly.
The vehicle’s right wheels can drop
off the edge of a road onto the
shoulder while driving.
An emergency like this requires
close attention and a quick decision.
If holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, it can be turned a full
180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have
to act fast, steer quickly, and just
as quickly straighten the wheel once
you have avoided the object.
If the level of the shoulder is only
slightly below the pavement,
recovery should be fairly easy.
Driving Your Vehicle
Ease off the accelerator and then, if
there is nothing in the way, steer so
that the vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement. Turn the steering
wheel 3 to 5 inches, 8 to 13 cm,
(about one-eighth turn) until the right
front tire contacts the pavement
edge. Then turn the steering wheel
to go straight down the roadway.
Passing
Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane road can be dangerous.
To reduce the risk of danger
while passing:
• Look down the road, to the sides,
and to crossroads for situations
that might affect a successful
pass. If in doubt, wait.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement
markings, and lines that could
indicate a turn or an intersection.
Never cross a solid or
double-solid line on your
side of the lane.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle
you want to pass. Doing so can
reduce your visibility.
• Wait your turn to pass a slow
vehicle.
• When you are being passed,
ease to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts
say about what happens when
the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do
not have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what
the driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up.
Keep trying to steer and constantly
seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
4-11
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle. Defensive drivers
avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing
conditions, and by not overdriving
those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond
to the vehicle’s three control
systems. In the braking skid, the
wheels are not rolling. In the steering
or cornering skid, too much speed or
steering in a curve causes tires to
slip and lose cornering force. And in
the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels
to spin.
Remember: Any traction control
system helps avoid only the
acceleration skid. If the traction
control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is best handled
by easing your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
4-12
Driving Your Vehicle
If the vehicle starts to slide, ease
your foot off the accelerator pedal
and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering
quickly enough, the vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for
a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when
water, snow, ice, gravel, or other
material is on the road. For safety,
slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to
slow down on slippery surfaces
because stopping distance will be
longer and vehicle control more
limited.
While driving on a surface with
reduced traction, try your best to
avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
or braking, including reducing vehicle
speed by shifting to a lower gear.
Any sudden changes could cause
the tires to slide. You may not realize
the surface is slippery until the
vehicle is skidding. Learn to
recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow
on the road to make a mirrored
surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
• Slow down and keep more space
between you and other vehicles
because headlamps can only
light up so much road ahead.
Remember: Any Antilock Brake
System (ABS) helps avoid only
the braking skid.
•
•
•
•
Driving at Night
• Keep the windshield and all glass
Night driving is more dangerous than
day driving because some drivers
are likely to be impaired — by alcohol
or drugs, with night vision problems,
or by fatigue.
Night driving tips include:
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Reduce headlamp glare
by adjusting the inside
rearview mirror.
Watch for animals.
When tired, pull off the road.
Do not wear sunglasses.
Avoid staring directly into
approaching headlamps.
on your vehicle clean — inside
and out.
• Keep your eyes moving,
especially during turns or curves.
No one can see as well at night as
in the daytime. But, as we get
older, these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver might need
at least twice as much light to see
the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
Driving Your Vehicle
Driving in Rain and on
Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can reduce
vehicle traction and affect your
ability to stop and accelerate.
Always drive slower in these types
of driving conditions and avoid
driving through large puddles and
deep-standing or flowing water.
{ CAUTION
Wet brakes can cause crashes.
They might not work as well in a
quick stop and could cause
pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
After driving through a large
puddle of water or a car/vehicle
wash, lightly apply the brake
pedal until the brakes work
normally.
Flowing or rushing water creates
strong forces. Driving through
flowing water could cause your
vehicle to be carried away. If this
happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not
ignore police warnings and be
very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
4-13
road is wet enough and you are
going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little
or no contact with the road.
There is no hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is
to slow down when the road is wet.
Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, other wet
weather driving tips include:
• Allow extra following distance.
• Pass with caution.
• Keep windshield wiping
equipment in good shape.
• Keep the windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. Water
can build up under your vehicle’s
tires so they actually ride on
the water. This can happen if the
• Have good tires with proper tread
depth. See Tires on page 5-38.
• Turn off cruise control.
4-14
Driving Your Vehicle
Before Leaving on a
Long Trip
To prepare your vehicle for a long
trip, consider having it serviced
by your dealer/retailer before
departing.
Things to check on your own
include:
• Windshield Washer Fluid:
Reservoir full? Windows
clean — inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: In good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: All
levels checked?
• Lamps: Do they all work and are
lenses clean?
• Tires: Are treads good? Are tires
inflated to recommended
pressure?
• Weather and Maps: Safe to
travel? Have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Always be alert and pay attention to
your surroundings while driving. If
you become tired or sleepy, find a
safe place to park your vehicle
and rest.
Driving on steep hills or through
mountains is different than driving
on flat or rolling terrain. Tips for
driving in these conditions include:
Other driving tips include:
• Keep the vehicle well ventilated.
• Keep interior temperature cool.
• Keep your eyes moving — scan
the road ahead and to the sides.
• Check the rearview mirror and
vehicle instruments often.
• Keep the vehicle serviced
and in good shape.
• Check all fluid levels and brakes,
tires, cooling system, and
transmission.
• Going down steep or long hills,
shift to a lower gear.
{ CAUTION
If you do not shift down, the
brakes could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would
then have poor braking or even
none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let the engine
assist the brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
Driving Your Vehicle
{ CAUTION
Coasting downhill in N (Neutral) or
with the ignition off is dangerous.
The brakes will have to do all the
work of slowing down and they
could get so hot that they would
not work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash.
Always have the engine running
and the vehicle in gear when going
downhill.
• Stay in your own lane. Do not
swing wide or cut across the
center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your
own lane.
• Top of hills: Be alert — something
could be in your lane (stalled car,
accident).
• Pay attention to special road
signs (falling rocks area, winding
roads, long grades, passing or
no-passing zones) and take
appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Driving on Snow or Ice
Drive carefully when there is snow
or ice between the tires and the
road, creating less traction or grip.
Wet ice can occur at about 32°F
(0°C) when freezing rain begins to
fall, resulting in even less traction.
Avoid driving on wet ice or in
freezing rain until roads can be
treated with salt or sand.
Drive with caution, whatever the
condition. Accelerate gently
so traction is not lost. Accelerating
too quickly causes the wheels
to spin and makes the surface under
the tires slick, so there is even
less traction.
4-15
Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate too fast, the drive
wheels will spin and polish the
surface under the tires even more.
The Antilock Brake System (ABS)
on page 4-6 improves vehicle
stability during hard stops on
slippery roads, but apply the brakes
sooner than when on dry pavement.
Allow greater following distance
on any slippery road and watch for
slippery spots. Icy patches can
occur on otherwise clear roads in
shaded areas. The surface of
a curve or an overpass can remain
icy when the surrounding roads
are clear. Avoid sudden steering
maneuvers and braking while on ice.
Turn off cruise control, if equipped,
on slippery surfaces.
4-16
Driving Your Vehicle
Blizzard Conditions
Being stuck in snow can be a
serious situation. Stay with the
vehicle unless there is help nearby.
If possible, use the Roadside
Assistance Program on page 7-5.
To get help and keep everyone
in the vehicle safe:
• Turn on the Hazard Warning
Flashers on page 3-5.
• Tie a red cloth to an outside
mirror.
{ CAUTION
Snow can trap engine exhaust
under the vehicle. This may cause
exhaust gases to get inside.
Engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
If the vehicle is stuck in the snow:
• Clear away snow from
around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is
blocking the exhaust pipe.
• Check again from time to
time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
• Open a window about two
inches (5 cm) on the side of
the vehicle that is away from
the wind to bring in fresh air.
• Fully open the air outlets on or
under the instrument panel.
• Adjust the Climate Control
system to a setting that
circulates the air inside the
vehicle and set the fan speed
to the highest setting. See
Climate Control System in
the Index.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
For more information about
carbon monoxide, see Engine
Exhaust on page 2-26.
Snow can trap exhaust gases
under your vehicle. This can cause
deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome
you and kill you. You cannot see it
or smell it, so you might not know it
is in your vehicle. Clear away snow
from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is
blocking the exhaust.
Run the engine for short periods
only as needed to keep warm,
but be careful.
To save fuel, run the engine for
only short periods as needed to
warm the vehicle and then shut the
engine off and close the window
most of the way to save heat.
Driving Your Vehicle
Repeat this until help arrives but only
when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. Moving about to keep
warm also helps.
If it takes some time for help to
arrive, now and then when you run
the engine, push the accelerator
pedal slightly so the engine runs
faster than the idle speed. This
keeps the battery charged to restart
the vehicle and to signal for help with
the headlamps. Do this as little as
possible to save fuel.
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in
Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow
Slowly and cautiously spin the
wheels to free the vehicle when
stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow.
See Rocking Your Vehicle to
Get It Out on page 4-17.
If the vehicle has a traction system, it
can often help to free a stuck vehicle.
Refer to the vehicle’s traction system
in the Index. If stuck too severely for
the traction system to free the
vehicle, turn the traction system off
and use the rocking method.
{ CAUTION
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at
high speed, they can explode, and
you or others could be injured. The
vehicle can overheat, causing an
engine compartment fire or other
damage. Spin the wheels as little
as possible and avoid going above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
For information about using tire
chains on the vehicle, see Tire
Chains on page 5-57.
4-17
Rocking Your Vehicle to
Get It Out
Turn the steering wheel left and
right to clear the area around
the front wheels. Turn off any
traction system. Shift back and forth
between R (Reverse) and a
forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. To prevent
transmission wear, wait until
the wheels stop spinning before
shifting gears. Release the
accelerator pedal while shifting, and
press lightly on the accelerator
pedal when the transmission is in
gear. Slowly spinning the wheels in
the forward and reverse directions
causes a rocking motion that
could free the vehicle. If that does
not get the vehicle out after a
few tries, it might need to be towed
out. If the vehicle does need to
be towed out, see Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-22.
4-18
Driving Your Vehicle
Loading the Vehicle
It is very important to know how
much weight your vehicle can
carry. This weight is called the
vehicle capacity weight and
includes the weight of all
occupants, cargo, and all
nonfactory-installed options.
Two labels on your vehicle show
how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading
Information label and the
Certification/Tire label.
{ CAUTION
Do not load the vehicle any
heavier than the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR), or
either the maximum front or
rear Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR). If you do, parts on
the vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your
vehicle handles. These could
cause you to lose control and
crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of the vehicle.
Tire and Loading Information
Label
Example Label
A vehicle specific Tire and
Loading Information label is
attached to the center pillar
(B-pillar) of your vehicle. With the
driver’s door open, you will find
the label attached below the door
lock post (striker). The tire and
loading information label shows
the number of occupant seating
positions (A), and the maximum
vehicle capacity weight (B) in
kilograms and pounds.
Driving Your Vehicle
The Tire and Loading Information
label also shows the size of the
original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire
inflation pressures (D). For more
information on tires and inflation
see Tires on page 5-38 and
Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-43.
There is also important loading
information on the vehicle
Certification/Tire label. It tells
you the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) and the
Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for the front and rear
axle. See “Certification/Tire
Label” later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct
Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The
combined weight of occupants
and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on
your vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined
weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding
in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight
of the driver and passengers
from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals
the available amount of
cargo and luggage load
capacity. For example, if
the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be
five 150 lb passengers in
your vehicle, the amount
of available cargo and
luggage load capacity
is 650 lbs (1400 − 750
(5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
4-19
5. Determine the combined
weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the
vehicle. That weight may not
safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load
capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a
trailer, the load from your
trailer will be transferred to
your vehicle. Consult
this manual to determine how
this reduces the available
cargo and luggage load
capacity for your vehicle.
See Towing a Trailer on
page 4-26 for important
information on towing a trailer,
towing safety rules, and
trailering tips.
4-20
Driving Your Vehicle
Example 1
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 = 1,000 lbs
(453 kg).
B. Subtract Occupant Weight
150 lbs (68 kg) × 2 = 300 lbs
(136 kg).
C. Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight = 700 lbs
(317 kg).
Example 2
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight for
Example 2 = 1,000 lbs
(453 kg).
B. Subtract Occupant Weight
150 lbs (68 kg) × 5 = 750 lbs
(340 kg).
C. Available Cargo
Weight = 250 lbs (113 kg).
Example 3
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight for
Example 3 = 1,000 lbs
(453 kg).
B. Subtract Occupant Weight
200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 = 1,000 lbs
(453 kg).
C. Available Cargo
Weight = 0 lbs (0 kg).
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and
loading information label for
specific information about your
vehicle’s capacity weight and
seating positions. The combined
weight of the driver, passengers,
and cargo should never exceed
your vehicle’s capacity weight.
Driving Your Vehicle
Certification/Tire Label
Label Example
A vehicle specific
Certification/Tire label is
attached to the lower area of
the center pillar (B-Pillar).
The label shows the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle.
This is called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The GVWR includes the weight
of the vehicle, all occupants,
fuel, cargo, and trailer tongue
weight, if the vehicle is pulling a
trailer.
The Certification/Tire label also
tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear
axles, called the Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). To find
out the actual loads on your
front and rear axles, you need to
go to a weigh station and
weigh your vehicle. Your
dealer/retailer can help you with
this. Be sure to spread out
your load equally on both sides
of the centerline.
4-21
Never exceed the GVWR for
your vehicle or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
{ CAUTION
Do not load the vehicle any
heavier than the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR), or
either the maximum front or
rear Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR). If you do, parts on
the vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your
vehicle handles. These could
cause you to lose control and
crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of the vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your
vehicle may cause damage.
Repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not
overload your vehicle.
4-22
Driving Your Vehicle
If you put things inside your
vehicle — like suitcases, tools,
packages, or anything else, they
will go as fast as the vehicle
goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash,
they will keep going.
{ CAUTION
Things you put inside your
vehicle can strike and injure
people in a sudden stop or
turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo
area of your vehicle. Try to
spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier
things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above
the tops of the seats.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
Towing
• Do not leave an unsecured
Towing Your Vehicle
child restraint in your
vehicle.
• When you carry something
inside the vehicle, secure it
whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded
down unless you need to.
To avoid damage, the disabled
vehicle should be towed with all
four wheels off the ground. Consult
your dealer/retailer or a professional
towing service if the disabled
vehicle must be towed. See
Roadside Assistance Program on
page 7-5.
To tow the vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes,
such as behind a motorhome, see
“Recreational Vehicle Towing”
following.
Driving Your Vehicle
Recreational Vehicle
Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means
towing the vehicle behind another
vehicle – such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common
types of recreational vehicle towing
are known as dinghy towing and
dolly towing. Dinghy towing is towing
the vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground. Dolly towing is towing the
vehicle with two wheels on the
ground and two wheels up on a
device known as a dolly.
Here are some important things to
consider before recreational
vehicle towing:
• What is the towing capacity of
the towing vehicle? Be sure to
read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• What is the distance that will be
travelled? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and
how long they can tow.
4-23
• Is the proper towing equipment
going to be used? See your
dealer/retailer or trailering
professional for additional advice
and equipment
recommendations.
• Is the vehicle ready to be towed?
Just as preparing the vehicle for
a long trip, make sure the
vehicle is prepared to be towed.
See Before Leaving on a
Long Trip on page 4-14.
Dinghy Towing
This vehicle may be dinghy towed
from the front. This vehicle may also
be towed by putting the front
wheels on a dolly. See “Dolly
Towing” later in this section.
For vehicles being dinghy towed,
the vehicle should be run at the
beginning of each day and at each
RV fuel stop for about five minutes.
This will ensure proper lubrication of
transmission components.
To tow the vehicle from the front
with all four wheels on the ground:
1. Position the vehicle that will
be towed and secure it to
the towing vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition key to
ACC/ACCESSORY.
4-24
Driving Your Vehicle
3. Shift the transmission to
N (Neutral).
4. Turn fog lamps and all
accessories off.
5. To prevent the battery from
draining while the vehicle is being
towed, remove the 2 amp IGN
SW fuse from the instrument
panel fuse block and store it in a
safe location. See Instrument
Panel Fuse Block on page 5-76
Notice: If the vehicle is towed
without performing each of
the steps listed under “Dinghy
Towing,” the automatic
transmission could be damaged.
Be sure to follow all steps of
the dinghy towing procedure prior
to and after towing the vehicle.
Notice: If the vehicle has a
four-speed automatic
transmission, it can be dinghy
towed from the front for unlimited
miles at 65 mph (105 km/h). The
vehicle could be damaged If
65 mph (105 km/h) is exceeded
while towing the vehicle. The
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Never
exceed 65 mph (105 km/h) while
towing the vehicle.
Once the destination has been
reached:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Shift the transmission to
P (Park).
3. Reinstall the 2 amp IGN SW fuse
to the instrument panel fuse
block.
4. Turn the ignition key to
LOCK/OFF and remove the key
from the ignition.
Notice: Too much or too
little fluid can damage the
transmission. Be sure that the
transmission fluid is at the proper
level before towing with all four
wheels on the ground.
Notice: Do not tow a vehicle
with the front drive wheels on the
ground if one of the front tires
is a compact spare tire. Towing
with two different tire sizes on the
front of the vehicle can cause
severe damage to the
transmission.
Driving Your Vehicle
Dolly Towing
(Front-Wheel-Drive Vehicles)
4-25
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a
straight-ahead position with a
clamping device designed
for towing.
5. Remove the key from the
ignition.
6. Secure the vehicle to the dolly.
7. Release the parking brake.
Towing the Vehicle From
the Rear
To tow the vehicle from the front
with the rear wheels on the ground,
do the following:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Move the shift lever to P (Park).
3. Set the parking brake.
Notice: Towing the vehicle from
the rear could damage it. Also,
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Never have
the vehicle towed from the rear.
4-26
Driving Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
{ CAUTION
The driver can lose control when
pulling a trailer if the correct
equipment is not used or the
vehicle is not driven properly. For
example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well — or
even at all. The driver and
passengers could be seriously
injured. The vehicle may also be
damaged; the resulting repairs
would not be covered by the
vehicle warranty. Pull a trailer only
if all the steps in this section have
been followed. Ask your dealer/
retailer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with the
vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer
improperly can damage the
vehicle and result in costly
repairs not covered by the
vehicle warranty. To pull a trailer
correctly, follow the advice in
this section and see your
dealer/retailer for important
information about towing a trailer
with the vehicle.
The vehicle can tow a trailer if it is
equipped with the proper trailer
towing equipment.
To identify the trailering capacity of
the vehicle, read the information
in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section.
Trailering is different than just
driving the vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in
handling, acceleration, braking,
durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
The following information has many
time-tested, important trailering
tips and safety rules. Many of these
are important for your safety and
that of your passengers. So please
read this section carefully before
pulling a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as
the engine, transmission, rear
axle, wheel assemblies and tires are
forced to work harder against the
drag of the added weight. The
engine is required to operate
at relatively higher speeds and
under greater loads, generating
extra heat. The trailer also
adds considerably to wind
resistance, increasing the pulling
requirements.
The vehicle has Trailer Sway
Control (TSC). See “Trailer Sway
Control (TSC)” in StabiliTrak®
System on page 4-7 for more
information.
Driving Your Vehicle
Pulling A Trailer
Here are some important points:
• There are many different
laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with
trailering. Make sure the rig will
be legal, not only where you
live but also where you will be
driving. A good source for
this information can be state or
provincial police.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during
the first 500 miles (800 km) the
new vehicle is driven. The
engine, axle or other parts could
be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles
(800 km) that a trailer is towed,
do not drive over 50 mph
(80 km/h) and do not make starts
at full throttle. This helps the
engine and other parts of
the vehicle wear in at the heavier
loads.
• Vehicles can tow in D (Drive).
Shift the transmission to a
lower gear if the transmission
shifts too often under heavy loads
and/or hilly conditions.
• Obey speed limit restrictions
when towing a trailer. Do not
drive faster than the maximum
posted speed for trailers, or
no more than 55 mph (90 km/h),
to save wear on the vehicle’s
parts.
• Do not tow a trailer when the
outside temperature is above
100°F (38°C).
Three important considerations have
to do with weight:
• The weight of the trailer
• The weight of the trailer tongue
• The total weight on the vehicle’s
tires
4-27
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than
1,500 lbs (680 kg). But even
that can be too heavy.
It depends on how the rig is used.
For example, speed, altitude,
road grades, outside temperature
and how much the vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. It
can depend on any special
equipment on the vehicle, and the
amount of tongue weight the vehicle
can carry. See “Weight of the
Trailer Tongue” later in this section
for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated
assuming only the driver is in the
tow vehicle and it has all the
required trailering equipment. The
weight of additional optional
equipment, passengers and cargo in
the tow vehicle must be subtracted
from the maximum trailer weight.
Ask your dealer/retailer for trailering
information or advice.
4-28
Driving Your Vehicle
The effect of additional weight
may reduce the trailering capacity
more than the total of the additional
weight.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is
an important weight to measure
because it affects the total gross
weight of the vehicle. The Gross
Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes the
curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo carried in it, and the people
who will be riding in the vehicle.
If there are a lot of options,
equipment, passengers or cargo in
the vehicle, it will reduce the
tongue weight the vehicle can carry,
which will also reduce the trailer
weight the vehicle can tow. If towing
a trailer, the tongue load must be
added to the GVW because
the vehicle will be carrying that
weight, too. See Loading the Vehicle
on page 4-18 for more information
about the vehicle’s maximum
load capacity.
Consider the following example:
For a weight-carrying hitch, the
trailer tongue (A) should weigh
10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).
After loading the trailer, weigh the
trailer and then the tongue,
separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they are not, adjustments
might be made by moving some
items around in the trailer.
Trailering may be limited by the
vehicle’s ability to carry tongue
weight. Tongue weight cannot
cause the vehicle to exceed the
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating) or the RGAWR (Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating).
A vehicle model base weight
is 5,500 lbs (2 495 kg); 2,800 lbs
(1 270 kg) at the front axle and
2,700 lbs (1 225 kg) at the rear
axle. It has a GVWR of 7,200 lbs
(3 266 kg), a RGAWR of 4,000 lbs
(1 814 kg) and a GCWR (Gross
Combination Weight Rating)
of 14,000 lbs (6 350 kg). The
trailer rating should be:
Expect tongue weight to be at least
10 percent of trailer weight (850 lbs
(386 kg)) and because the weight
is applied well behind the rear axle,
the effect on the rear axle is greater
than just the weight itself, as
much as 1.5 times as much.
Driving Your Vehicle
The weight at the rear axle could be
850 lbs (386 kg) X 1.5 = 1,275 lbs
(578 kg). Since the rear axle already
weighs 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg), adding
1,275 lbs (578 kg) brings the total to
3,975 lbs (1 803 kg). This is very
close to, but within the limit for
RGAWR as well. The vehicle is set to
trailer up to 8,500 lbs (3 856 kg).
If the vehicle has many options and
there is a front seat passenger
and two rear seat passengers with
some luggage and gear in the
vehicle as well, 300 lbs (136 kg)
could be added to the front
axle weight and 400 lbs (181 kg) to
the rear axle weight. The vehicle
now weighs:
Weight is still below 7,200 lbs
(3 266 kg) and you might think 700
additional pounds (318 kg) should
be subtracted from the trailering
capacity to stay within GCWR limits.
The maximum trailer would only be
7,800 lbs (3 538 kg). You may go
further and think the tongue weight
should be limited to less than
1,000 lbs (454 kg) to avoid
exceeding GVWR. But the effect on
the rear axle must still be considered.
Because the rear axle now weighs
3,100 lbs (1 406 kg), 900 lbs
(408 kg) can be put on the rear axle
without exceeding RGAWR. The
effect of tongue weight is about
1.5 times the actual weight. Dividing
the 900 lbs (408 kg) by 1.5 leaves
only 600 lbs (272 kg) of tongue
weight that can be handled. Since
tongue weight is usually at least
10 percent of total loaded trailer
weight, expect that the largest trailer
the vehicle can properly handle is
6,000 lbs (2 721 kg).
It is important that the vehicle
does not exceed any of its
ratings — GCWR, GVWR, RGAWR,
Maximum Trailer Rating or Tongue
Weight. The only way to be sure it is
not exceeding any of these ratings is
to weigh the vehicle and trailer.
4-29
Total Weight on the Vehicle’s
Tires
Be sure the vehicle’s tires are
inflated to the upper limit for cold
tires. These numbers can be found
on the Certification label or see
Loading the Vehicle on page 4-18
for more information. Make sure not
to go over the GVW limit for the
vehicle, or the GAWR, including the
weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It is important to have the correct
hitch equipment. Crosswinds,
large trucks going by and rough
roads are a few reasons why
the right hitch is needed.
• The rear bumper on the vehicle is
not intended for hitches. Do not
attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use
only a frame-mounted hitch that
does not attach to the bumper.
4-30
Driving Your Vehicle
• Will any holes be made in the
body of the vehicle when the
trailer hitch is installed? If so, be
sure to seal the holes when the
hitch is removed. If they are not
sealed, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from the engine’s
exhaust can get into the vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on
page 2-26. Sealing the holes will
also prevent dirt and water from
entering the vehicle.
Safety Chains
Always attach chains between the
vehicle and the trailer. Cross the
safety chains under the tongue of
the trailer to help prevent the tongue
from contacting the road if it
becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains
may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer
manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation
for attaching safety chains and do
not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so
the rig can turn. Never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
A loaded trailer that weighs more
than 1,000 lbs (900 kg) needs
to have its own brake system that is
adequate for the weight of the
trailer. Be sure to read and follow
the instructions for the trailer brakes
so they are installed, adjusted
and maintained properly. Because
the vehicle has StabiliTrak®, do
not try to tap into the vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system. If you do,
both brake systems will not
work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
{ CAUTION
When towing a trailer, exhaust
gases may collect at the rear of
the vehicle and enter if the liftgate,
trunk/hatch, or rear-most window
is open.
Engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide (CO) which cannot be
seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
To maximize safety when towing
a trailer:
• Have the exhaust system
inspected for leaks and make
necessary repairs before
starting a trip.
• Never drive with the liftgate,
trunk/hatch, or rear-most
window open.
• Fully open the air outlets on or
under the instrument panel.
(Continued)
Driving Your Vehicle
CAUTION
(Continued)
• Adjust the Climate Control
system to a setting that
brings in only outside air and
set the fan speed to the
highest setting. See Climate
Control System in the Index.
For more information about
carbon monoxide, see Engine
Exhaust on page 2-26.
Towing a trailer requires a certain
amount of experience. Get to know
the rig before setting out for the open
road. Get acquainted with the feel of
handling and braking with the added
weight of the trailer. And always keep
in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now longer and not as
responsive as the vehicle is by itself.
Before starting, check all trailer
hitch parts and attachments, safety
chains, electrical connectors,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustments.
If the trailer has electric brakes,
start the vehicle and trailer moving
and then apply the trailer brake
controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This checks
the electrical connection at the
same time.
During the trip, check occasionally
to be sure that the load is secure,
and that the lamps and any
trailer brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind
the vehicle ahead as you would
when driving the vehicle without
a trailer. This can help to avoid
situations that require heavy
braking and sudden turns.
Passing
More passing distance is needed
when towing a trailer. Because
the rig is longer, it is necessary
to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before returning
to the lane.
4-31
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering
wheel with one hand. Then, to move
the trailer to the left, move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer
to the right, move your hand to
the right. Always back up slowly
and, if possible, have someone
guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns
while trailering could cause
the trailer to come in contact with
the vehicle. The vehicle could
be damaged. Avoid making very
sharp turns while trailering.
When turning with a trailer, make
wider turns than normal. Do this
so the trailer will not strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees
or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
4-32
Driving Your Vehicle
Turn Signals When Towing a
Trailer
The arrows on the instrument panel
flash whenever signaling a turn
or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps also flash, telling
other drivers the vehicle is turning,
changing lanes or stopping.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on
the instrument panel flash for
turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. For this reason
you may think other drivers
are seeing the signal when they are
not. It is important to check
occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving on Grades
Notice: Do not tow on steep
continuous grades exceeding 6
miles (9.6 km). Extended,
higher than normal engine and
transmission temperatures
may result and damage the
vehicle. Frequent stops are very
important to allow the engine
and transmission to cool.
Vehicles can tow in D (Drive). Shift
the transmission to a lower gear
if the transmission shifts too
often under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions. Reduce speed and
shift to a lower gear before starting
down a long or steep downgrade.
If the transmission is not shifted
down, the brakes might have to be
used so much that they would
get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down
and reduce the vehicle’s speed
to around 45 mph (70 km/h)
to reduce the possibility of the
engine and the transmission
overheating.
When towing at high altitude on
steep uphill grades, consider
the following: Engine coolant will
boil at a lower temperature than at
normal altitudes. If the engine is
turned off immediately after towing
at high altitude on steep uphill
grades, the vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To
avoid this, let the engine run
while parked, preferably on level
ground, with the automatic
transmission in P (Park) for a few
minutes before turning the
engine off. If the overheat warning
comes on, see Engine Overheating
on page 5-23.
Driving Your Vehicle
Parking on Hills
{ CAUTION
Parking the vehicle on a hill with
the trailer attached can be
dangerous. If something goes
wrong, the rig could start to move.
People can be injured, and both
the vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged. When possible, always
park the rig on a flat surface.
If parking the rig on a hill:
1. Press the brake pedal, but do
not shift into P (Park) yet.
Turn the wheels into the curb if
facing downhill or into traffic
if facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks
under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in
place, release the regular
brakes until the chocks absorb
the load.
4. Reapply the brake pedal. Then
apply the parking brake and
shift into P (Park).
5. Release the brake pedal.
Leaving After Parking on
a Hill
1. Apply and hold the brake pedal
while you:
• Start the engine
• Shift into a gear
• Release the parking brake
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is
clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up
and store the chocks.
4-33
Maintenance When Trailer
Towing
The vehicle needs service more
often when pulling a trailer.
See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-3 for more information.
Things that are especially important
in trailer operation are automatic
transmission fluid, engine oil,
axle lubricant, belts, cooling system
and brake system. It is a good
idea to inspect these before and
during the trip.
Check periodically to see that all
hitch nuts and bolts are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer
Towing
The cooling system may temporarily
overheat during severe operating
conditions. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-23.
4-34
Driving Your Vehicle
✍ NOTES
Service and Appearance Care
Service and
Appearance Care
Service
Service ...............................5-3
Accessories and
Modifications .....................5-3
California Proposition 65
Warning ............................5-3
California Perchlorate
Materials Requirements .....5-4
Doing Your Own
Service Work ....................5-4
Adding Equipment to the
Outside of the Vehicle ......5-4
Fuel
Fuel ....................................5-5
Gasoline Octane .................5-5
Gasoline Specifications .......5-5
California Fuel ....................5-5
Additives .............................5-5
Fuels in Foreign
Countries ..........................5-6
Filling the Tank ...................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel
Container ..........................5-8
Checking Things Under
the Hood
Checking Things Under
the Hood ..........................5-9
Hood Release .....................5-9
Engine Compartment
Overview .........................5-10
Engine Oil .........................5-11
Engine Oil Life System .....5-14
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ...5-15
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ................................5-17
Cooling System .................5-17
Engine Coolant .................5-20
Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap ..................5-22
Engine Overheating ...........5-23
Windshield Washer
Fluid ................................5-24
5-1
Brakes ..............................5-25
Battery ..............................5-27
Jump Starting ...................5-28
Headlamp Aiming
Headlamp Aiming ..............5-33
Bulb Replacement
Bulb Replacement .............5-35
Halogen Bulbs ..................5-35
Headlamps ........................5-35
Front Turn Signal and
Parking Lamps ................5-36
Taillamps, Turn Signal,
Stoplamps and Back-up
Lamps .............................5-36
License Plate Lamp ..........5-37
Replacement Bulbs ...........5-37
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement ...................5-38
5-2
Service and Appearance Care
Tires
Tires .................................5-38
Tire Sidewall Labeling .......5-39
Tire Terminology and
Definitions .......................5-41
Inflation - Tire Pressure ....5-43
Tire Pressure Monitor
System ............................5-45
Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation ........................5-46
Tire Inspection and
Rotation ..........................5-50
When It Is Time for
New Tires .......................5-51
Buying New Tires .............5-51
Different Size Tires and
Wheels ............................5-53
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading ...........................5-54
Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance ....................5-55
Wheel Replacement ..........5-55
Tire Chains .......................5-57
If a Tire Goes Flat ............5-58
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit ...............5-59
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit
Storage ...........................5-66
Appearance Care
Interior Cleaning ................5-66
Fabric/Carpet ....................5-68
Leather .............................5-68
Instrument Panel, Vinyl,
and Other Plastic
Surfaces ..........................5-69
Care of Safety Belts .........5-69
Weatherstrips ....................5-69
Washing Your Vehicle .......5-69
Cleaning Exterior
Lamps/Lenses .................5-70
Finish Care .......................5-70
Windshield and Wiper
Blades .............................5-71
Aluminum Wheels .............5-72
Tires .................................5-72
Sheet Metal Damage ........5-73
Finish Damage ..................5-73
Underbody Maintenance ....5-73
Chemical Paint Spotting ....5-73
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ..................5-74
Service Parts
Identification Label ...........5-74
Electrical System
Intermediate Voltage
Devices and Wiring .........5-74
Add-On Electrical
Equipment .......................5-75
Windshield Wiper Fuses ....5-75
Power Windows and
Other Power Options .......5-75
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers .........................5-75
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block ...............................5-76
Underhood Fuse Block ......5-77
Capacities and
Specifications
Capacities and
Specifications ..................5-81
Service and Appearance Care
Service
For service and parts needs, visit
your dealer/retailer. You will receive
genuine Saturn parts and
Saturn-trained and supported
service people.
Genuine Saturn parts have one of
these marks.
Accessories and
Modifications
When non-dealer/non-retailer
accessories are added to the vehicle,
they can affect vehicle performance
and safety, including such things as
airbags, braking, stability, ride and
handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and
electronic systems like antilock
brakes, traction control, and stability
control. Some of these accessories
could even cause malfunction or
damage not covered by the vehicle
warranty.
Damage to vehicle components
resulting from the installation or use
of non-GM certified parts, including
control module modifications, are not
covered under the terms of the
vehicle warranty and may affect
remaining warranty coverage for
affected parts.
GM Accessories are designed to
complement and function with
other systems on the vehicle.
5-3
Your GM dealer/retailer can
accessorize the vehicle using
genuine GM Accessories. When you
go to your GM dealer/retailer and
ask for GM Accessories, you
will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will
perform the work using genuine GM
Accessories.
Also, see Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 1-55.
California Proposition 65
Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this
one, contain and/or emit chemicals
known to the State of California
to cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm. Engine
exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle),
many fluids, and some component
wear by-products contain and/or
emit these chemicals.
5-4
Service and Appearance Care
California Perchlorate
Materials Requirements
Certain types of automotive
applications, such as airbag
initiators, seat belt pretensioners,
and lithium batteries contained in
remote keyless transmitters,
may contain perchlorate materials.
Special handling may be necessary.
For additional information, see
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/
perchlorate.
Doing Your Own
Service Work
{ CAUTION
Never try to do your own service
on hybrid components. You can
be injured and the vehicle can be
damaged if you try to do your own
service work. Service and repair
of these hybrid components
should only be performed by a
trained service technician with the
proper knowledge and tools.
{ CAUTION
You can be injured and the
vehicle could be damaged if you
try to do service work on a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient
knowledge, experience, the
proper replacement parts, and
tools before attempting any
vehicle maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper
nuts, bolts, and other
fasteners. English and
metric fasteners can be
easily confused. If the wrong
fasteners are used, parts can
later break or fall off. You
could be hurt.
If doing some of your own service
work, use the proper service manual.
It tells you much more about how to
service the vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service
manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-13.
This vehicle has an airbag system.
Before attempting to do your
own service work, see Servicing
Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
on page 1-54.
Keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date
of any service work performed. See
Maintenance Record on page 6-14.
Adding Equipment to
the Outside of the
Vehicle
Things added to the outside of the
vehicle can affect the airflow
around it. This can cause wind
noise and can affect fuel economy
and windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer/retailer
before adding equipment to
the outside of the vehicle.
Service and Appearance Care
Fuel
Gasoline Specifications
Use of the recommended fuel is an
important part of the proper
maintenance of this vehicle. To help
keep the engine clean and
maintain optimum vehicle
performance, we recommend the
use of gasoline advertised as
TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
At a minimum, gasoline should
meet ASTM specification D 4814 in
the United States or CAN/CGSB-3.5
or 3.511 in Canada. Some
gasolines contain an
octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT). We recommend
against the use of gasolines
containing MMT. See Additives on
page 5-5 for additional information.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with
a posted octane rating of 87 or
higher. If the octane rating is less
than 87, you might notice an audible
knocking noise when you drive,
commonly referred to as spark
knock. If this occurs, use a gasoline
rated at 87 octane or higher as
soon as possible. If you are using
gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
and you hear heavy knocking, the
engine needs service.
California Fuel
If the vehicle is certified to meet
California Emissions Standards, it is
designed to operate on fuels that
meet California specifications. See
the underhood emission control
label. If this fuel is not available in
states adopting California emissions
standards, the vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control
system performance might be
affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp could turn on and the vehicle
5-5
might fail a smog-check test. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-30. If this occurs, return to
your authorized dealer/retailer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the
condition is caused by the type of
fuel used, repairs might not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines
in the United States are now
required to contain additives that
help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing
the emission control system to work
properly. In most cases, you
should not have to add anything to
the fuel. However, some gasolines
contain only the minimum amount of
additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency
regulations. To help keep fuel
injectors and intake valves clean, or
if the vehicle experiences problems
due to dirty injectors or valves,
look for gasoline that is advertised
as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
5-6
Service and Appearance Care
For customers who do not use TOP
TIER Detergent Gasoline regularly,
one bottle of GM Fuel System
Treatment PLUS, added to the fuel
tank at every engine oil change,
can help clean deposits from
fuel injectors and intake valves. GM
Fuel System Treatment PLUS is
the only gasoline additive
recommended by General Motors.
Also, your dealer/retailer has
additives that will help correct and
prevent most deposit-related
problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates,
such as ethers and ethanol,
and reformulated gasolines might be
available in your area. We
recommend that you use these
gasolines, if they comply with the
specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and
other fuels containing more
than 10% ethanol must not be used
in vehicles that were not designed
for those fuels.
Notice: This vehicle was not
designed for fuel that contains
methanol. Do not use fuel
containing methanol. It can
corrode metal parts in the fuel
system and also damage plastic
and rubber parts. That damage
would not be covered under
the vehicle warranty.
Some gasolines that are not
reformulated for low emissions
can contain an octane-enhancing
additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the
attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. We
recommend against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing
MMT can reduce the life of
spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system
could be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp might turn on. If
this occurs, return to your
dealer/retailer for service.
Fuels in Foreign
Countries
If you plan on driving in another
country outside the United States or
Canada, the proper fuel might be
hard to find. Never use leaded
gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text
on fuel. Costly repairs caused
by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by the vehicle warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask
an auto club, or contact a major oil
company that does business in
the country where you will be
driving.
Service and Appearance Care
Filling the Tank
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Fuel vapor burns violently and a
fuel fire can cause bad injuries.
To help avoid injuries to you and
others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island.
Turn off the engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are
near fuel or refueling the vehicle.
Do not use cellular phones. Keep
sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from fuel. Do not
leave the fuel pump unattended
when refueling the vehicle. This is
against the law in some places.
Do not re-enter the vehicle while
pumping fuel. Keep children away
from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
5-7
Fuel can spray out on you if you
open the fuel cap too quickly. If
you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly
burned. This spray can happen if
the tank is nearly full, and is more
likely in hot weather. Open the
fuel cap slowly and wait for any
hiss noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
Unlock the gas cap door by pressing
the door lock switch located on
the driver door trim.
The tethered fuel cap is located
behind a hinged fuel door on
the driver side of the vehicle.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it
slowly counterclockwise. The fuel
cap has a spring in it; if the cap
is released too soon, it will spring
back to the right. To avoid fuel
contact on the painted surface of
the vehicle when filling the fuel tank,
place the tethered cap on the fuel
filler door.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not
top off or overfill the tank and wait a
few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing
the nozzle. Clean fuel from
painted surfaces as soon as
possible. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 5-69.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn
it clockwise until it clicks. Make
sure the cap is fully installed.
The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed.
5-8
Service and Appearance Care
This would allow fuel to evaporate
into the atmosphere. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-30.
{ CAUTION
If a fire starts while you are
refueling, do not remove the
nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by
shutting off the pump or by
notifying the station attendant.
Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel
cap, be sure to get the right type.
Your dealer/ retailer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type,
it might not fit properly. This can
cause the malfunction indicator
lamp to light and can damage the
fuel tank and emissions system.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp
on page 3-30.
Filling a Portable Fuel
Container
{ CAUTION
Never fill a portable fuel container
while it is in the vehicle. Static
electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the fuel vapor.
You can be badly burned and the
vehicle damaged if this occurs. To
help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense fuel only into
approved containers.
• Do not fill a container while
it is inside a vehicle, in a
vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed,
or on any surface other than
the ground.
(Continued)
CAUTION
(Continued)
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact
•
•
with the inside of the fill
opening before operating the
nozzle. Contact should be
maintained until the filling is
complete.
Do not smoke while
pumping fuel.
Do not use a cellular phone
while pumping fuel.
Service and Appearance Care
Checking Things
Under the Hood
5-9
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
{ CAUTION
An electric fan under the hood can
start up and injure you even when
the engine is not running. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{ CAUTION
Things that burn can get on hot
engine parts and start a fire.
These include liquids like fuel, oil,
coolant, brake fluid, windshield
washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to
drop or spill things that will burn
onto a hot engine.
1. Pull the handle with this symbol
on it. It is located under the
instrument panel on the driver
side of the vehicle.
2. Then go to the front of the
vehicle and lift up on the
secondary hood release lever.
3. Lift the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure
all the filler caps are on properly.
Then pull the hood down and close
it firmly.
5-10
Service and Appearance Care
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, you will see the following:
Service and Appearance Care
A. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-15.
B. Remote Negative (−) Terminal.
See Jump Starting on page 5-28.
C. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine
Oil on page 5-11.
D. Engine Coolant Surge Tank. See
Cooling System on page 5-17.
E. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
Protection Cap. See Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
on page 5-22.
F. See Underhood Fuse Block on
page 5-77.
G. Remote Positive (+) Terminal.
See Jump Starting on page 5-28.
5-11
H. Windshield Washer Fluid
Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-24.
I. Engine Oil Dipstick (out of view).
See Engine Oil on page 5-11.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a
yellow loop. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-10 for the location of the
engine oil dipstick.
Engine Oil
1. Turn off the engine and give the
oil several minutes to drain back
into the oil pan. If this is not
done, the oil dipstick might not
show the actual level.
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check the
engine oil level at each fuel fill. In
order to get an accurate reading, the
oil must be warm and the vehicle
must be on level ground.
2. Pull the dipstick and clean it with
a paper towel or cloth, then push
it back in all the way. Remove
it again, keeping the tip down and
check the level.
5-12
Service and Appearance Care
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is below the MIN (minimum)
mark, add at least one quart/liter
of the recommended oil. This
section explains what kind of oil to
use. For engine oil crankcase
capacity, see Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-81.
Notice: Do not add too much oil.
If the engine has so much oil
that the oil level gets above the
upper mark that shows the proper
operating range, the engine
could be damaged.
See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-10 for the location of
the engine oil fill cap.
Add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating
range. Push the dipstick all the
way back in when through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for three things:
Service and Appearance Care
• GM6094M
Use only an oil that meets GM
Standard GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
SAE 5W-30 is best for the
vehicle. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or
thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as
SAE 20W-50.
• American Petroleum Institute
(API) starburst symbol
Oils meeting these requirements
should have the starburst
symbol on the container. This
symbol indicates that the oil has
been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Notice: Use only engine oil
identified as meeting GM
Standard GM6094M and showing
the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline
Engines starburst symbol. Failure
to use the recommended oil
can result in engine damage not
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Cold Temperature Operation
If in an area of extreme cold, where
the temperature falls below −20°F
(−29°C), use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30
engine oil. Both provide easier cold
starting for the engine at extremely
low temperatures. Always use
an oil that meets the required
specification, GM6094M. See “What
Kind of Engine Oil to Use” for
more information.
5-13
Engine Oil Additives / Engine
Oil Flushes
Do not add anything to the oil.
The recommended oils with
the starburst symbol that meet
GM Standard GM6094M are all that
is needed for good performance
and engine protection.
Engine oil system flushes are not
recommended and could cause
engine damage not covered by the
vehicle warranty.
5-14
Service and Appearance Care
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
This vehicle has a computer system
that indicates when to change the
engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage.
Based on driving conditions,
the mileage at which an oil change
is indicated can vary considerably.
For the oil life system to work
properly, the system must be reset
every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that
oil life has been diminished, it
indicates that an oil change is
necessary. A change engine oil light
comes on. See Change Engine Oil
Light on page 3-33. Change the oil
as soon as possible within the next
600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible
that, if driving under the best
conditions, the oil life system might
not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However,
the engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset.
Your dealer/retailer has trained
service people who will perform this
work using genuine parts and reset
the system. It is also important to
check the oil regularly and keep it at
the proper level.
If the system is ever reset
accidentally, the oil must be changed
at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since the
last oil change. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is
changed.
How to Reset the Engine Oil
Life System
The Engine Oil Life System
calculates when to change the
engine oil and filter based on vehicle
use. Whenever the oil is changed,
reset the system so it can calculate
when the next oil change is
required. If a situation occurs where
the oil is changed prior to a
change engine oil light being turned
on, reset the system.
After changing the engine oil, reset
the system:
1. Turn the ignition key to ON/RUN
with the engine off.
2. Fully press and release the
accelerator pedal three times
within five seconds.
If the change engine oil light is
not on, the system is reset.
If the light comes on again and
stays on for 30 seconds at the next
ignition cycle, it did not reset.
The system needs to be reset again.
Service and Appearance Care
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain
elements that can be unhealthy for
your skin and could even cause
cancer. Do not let used oil stay on
your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner.
Wash or properly dispose of clothing
or rags containing used engine
oil. See the manufacturer’s warnings
about the use and disposal of oil
products.
Used oil can be a threat to the
environment. If you change your own
oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose
of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring
it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Recycle
it by taking it to a place that collects
used oil.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-10 for the
location of the engine air
cleaner/filter.
5-15
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at the
Maintenance II intervals and replace
it at the first oil change after each
50,000 mile (80 000 km) interval.
See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-3 for more information.
If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the filter at each
engine oil change.
5-16
Service and Appearance Care
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
3. Remove the four bolts on the
side of the air cleaner assembly.
To inspect the air cleaner/filter
remove the filter from the vehicle
and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter
remains caked with dirt, a new filter
is required.
4. Turn the cover upward to
disengage the cover hinges.
To inspect or replace the engine air
cleaner/filter, do the following:
1. Remove the clamp on the air
duct hose.
2. Disconnect the hose.
5. Remove the air cleaner cover
assembly and air filter element.
6. Inspect or replace the air filter
element.
If the air filter element is dirty,
you should replace it. If it is only
dusty, it may be cleaned by
blowing compressed air through
it from the clean side.
Make sure you are away from
the engine compartment
when cleaning the air filter with
compressed air.
Wipe all dust from inside of the
housing and inspect the air
cleaner and air outlet duct for
cracks, cuts and deterioration.
The air outlet duct must be
replaced if damaged.
7. Reverse Steps 1 through 5 to
reinstall the engine air cleaner/
filter cover and air duct hose.
{ CAUTION
Operating the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off can cause you or
others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air; it
helps to stop flames if the engine
backfires. If it is not there and the
engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and
be careful working on the engine
with the air cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is
off, a backfire can cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into the engine,
which will damage it. Always have
the air cleaner/filter in place
when you are driving.
Service and Appearance Care
Automatic Transmission
Fluid
It is not necessary to check the
transmission fluid level. A transaxle
fluid leak is the only reason for
fluid loss. If a leak occurs, take the
vehicle to your dealer/retailer
service department and have it
repaired as soon as possible.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the
hood, here is what you will see:
{ CAUTION
An electric engine cooling fan
under the hood can start up even
when the engine is not running
and can cause injury. Keep
hands, clothing, and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant
surge tank is boiling, do not
do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on
a level surface.
Change the fluid and filter at the
intervals listed in Additional
Required Services on page 6-5, and
be sure to use the transaxle fluid
listed in Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Notice: Use of the incorrect
automatic transaxle fluid may
damage your vehicle, and
the damages may not be covered
by your warranty. Always use
the automatic transaxle fluid
listed in Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11.
5-17
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Pressure Cap
The coolant level should be between
the MIN and MAX lines. If it is
not, you may have a leak at the
radiator hoses, heater hoses,
radiator, water pump, or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
5-18
Service and Appearance Care
{ CAUTION
Heater and radiator hoses, and
other engine parts, can be very
hot. Do not touch them. If you do,
you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a
leak. If you run the engine, it
could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you
could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
Notice: Using coolant other than
DEX-COOL® can cause premature
engine, heater core, or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant could require changing
sooner, at 30,000 miles
(50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Always
use DEX-COOL® (silicate-free)
coolant in the vehicle.
How to Add Coolant to the
Coolant Surge Tank
If there seems to be no leak, with
the engine on, check to see if
the electric engine cooling fan is
running. If the engine is overheating,
the fan should be running. If it is
not, your vehicle needs service.
Turn off the engine.
Notice: This vehicle has a
specific coolant fill procedure.
Failure to follow this procedure
could cause the engine to
overheat and be severely
damaged.
Notice: Engine damage from
running the engine without
coolant is not covered by the
warranty.
If you have not found a problem yet,
check to see if coolant is visible
in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level is not at
between the MIN and MAX lines,
add a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL®
coolant at the coolant surge
tank, but be sure the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you do
it. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-20 for more information.
{ CAUTION
Steam and scalding liquids from a
hot cooling system can blow out
and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn
the coolant surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — they can
come out at high speed. Never
turn the cap when the cooling
system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot.
Wait for the cooling system and
coolant surge tank pressure cap
to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
Service and Appearance Care
{ CAUTION
Adding only plain water to the
cooling system can be dangerous.
Plain water, or some other liquid
such as alcohol, can boil before
the proper coolant mixture will.
The vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper
coolant mixture. With plain water
or the wrong mixture, the engine
could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. The
engine could catch fire and you or
others could be burned. Use a
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-19
Notice: In cold weather, water
can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core and other
parts. Use the recommended
coolant and the proper coolant
mixture.
{ CAUTION
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the coolant
surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap and upper
radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise about
one-quarter of a turn. If you hear
a hiss, wait for that to stop.
This will allow any pressure still
left to be vented out the
discharge hose.
2. Then keep turning the pressure
cap slowly, and remove it.
5-20
Service and Appearance Care
By this time, the coolant level
inside the coolant surge
tank may be lower. If the level is
lower, add more of the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture to
the coolant surge tank until
the level reaches between the
MIN and MAX lines.
5. Then replace the pressure cap.
Be sure the pressure cap is
hand-tight.
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with
the proper DEX-COOL® coolant
mixture, to between the MIN
and MAX lines.
4. With the coolant surge tank
pressure cap off, start the engine
and let it run until you can feel
the upper radiator hose
getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fan.
Check the level in the surge
tank when the cooling system
has cooled down. If the coolant
is not at the proper level, repeat
Steps 1 through 3 and reinstall the
pressure cap. If the coolant still
is not at the proper level when the
system cools down again, see
your dealer/retailer.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle
is filled with DEX-COOL® engine
coolant. This coolant is designed to
remain in your vehicle for five years
or 150,000 miles (240 000 km),
whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life
coolant.
The following explains your cooling
system and how to add coolant
when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see
Engine Overheating on page 5-23.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down
to −34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to
265°F (129°C).
Service and Appearance Care
• Protect against rust and
corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine
temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages
work as they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than
DEX-COOL® can cause premature
engine, heater core, or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing
sooner, at the first maintenance
service after each 30,000 miles
(50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Always
use DEX-COOL® (silicate-free)
coolant in the vehicle.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean,
drinkable water and one-half
DEX-COOL® coolant which will not
damage aluminum parts. If you
use this coolant mixture, you do not
need to add anything else.
{ CAUTION
Adding only plain water to the
cooling system can be dangerous.
Plain water, or some other liquid
such as alcohol, can boil before
the proper coolant mixture will.
The vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper
coolant mixture. With plain water
or the wrong mixture, the engine
could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. The
engine could catch fire and you or
others could be burned. Use a
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-21
Notice: If an improper coolant
mixture is used, the engine could
overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Too much water in the mixture
can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more
than four times a year, have
your dealer/retailer check your
cooling system.
Notice: If extra inhibitors and/or
additives are used in the
vehicle’s cooling system, the
vehicle could be damaged. Use
only the proper mixture of
the engine coolant listed in this
manual for the cooling system.
See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11 for
more information.
5-22
Service and Appearance Care
Checking Coolant
The surge tank is located on
the driver side of the engine
compartment. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-10 for more information
on location.
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Turning the surge tank pressure
cap when the engine and radiator
are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and
burn you badly. Never turn the
surge tank pressure cap — even
a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
The vehicle must be on a level
surface. When your engine is cold,
the coolant level should be
between the MIN and MAX lines.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the
proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
at the surge tank, but only when
the engine is cool. See Cooling
System on page 5-17 for instructions
on “How to Add Coolant to the
Coolant Surge Tank”.
When replacing the pressure cap,
make sure it is hand-tight and
fully seated.
Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not
tightly installed, coolant loss
and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is
properly and tightly secured.
If you need to replace your coolant
surge tank pressure cap, see
your retailer.
Service and Appearance Care
Engine Overheating
There is a coolant temperature
warning light on your vehicle’s
instrument panel. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light
on page 3-29.
If Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
CAUTION
(Continued)
If you keep driving when your
engine is overheated, the liquids
in it can catch fire. You or others
could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get
out of the vehicle until the engine
is cool.
{ CAUTION
Steam from an overheated engine
can burn you badly, even if you
just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it
off and get everyone away from
the vehicle until it cools down.
Wait until there is no sign of
steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
(Continued)
Notice: If the engine catches fire
because of being driven with
no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty.
5-23
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat
warning, but see or hear no steam,
the problem may not be too serious.
Sometimes the engine can get a little
too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with
no sign of steam, try this for a
minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner
and it is on, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at
the highest fan speed and open
the windows as necessary.
3. Try to minimize engine load.
If you are in a traffic jam,
shift to N (Neutral); otherwise,
shift to the highest gear possible
while driving.
5-24
Service and Appearance Care
If you no longer have the overheat
warning, you can drive. Just to
be safe, drive slower for about
ten minutes. If the warning does
not come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues and you
have not stopped, pull over, stop,
and park your vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle
the engine for three minutes
while you are parked. If the warning
continues, turn off the engine and
get everyone out of the vehicle until
it cools down.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield or rear
window washer fluid, be sure to
read the manufacturer’s instructions
before use. If you will be operating
your vehicle in an area where
the temperature may fall below
freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
Adding Windshield Washer
Fluid
Notice:
• When using concentrated
washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with
ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution
to freeze and damage your
washer fluid tank and other
parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as
well as washer fluid.
• Fill the washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is
very cold. This allows for fluid
expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
You may decide not to lift the hood
but to get service help right away.
Open the cap with the washer
symbol on it. Add washer fluid until
the tank is full. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-10 for reservoir location.
• Do not use engine coolant
(antifreeze) in your windshield
washer. It can damage the
vehicle’s windshield washer
system and paint.
Service and Appearance Care
Brakes
Brake Fluid
The brake master cylinder reservoir
is filled with either DOT-3 or DOT-4
brake fluid as indicated on the
reservoir cap. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-10 for the location of the
reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the
brake fluid level in the reservoir
might go down:
• The brake fluid level goes down
because of normal brake lining
wear. When new linings are
installed, the fluid level goes
back up.
• A fluid leak in the brake hydraulic
system can also cause a low fluid
level. Have the brake hydraulic
system fixed, since a leak means
that sooner or later the brakes will
not work well.
Do not top off the brake fluid. Adding
fluid does not correct a leak. If fluid is
added when the linings are worn,
there will be too much fluid when new
brake linings are installed. Add or
remove brake fluid, as necessary,
only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
{ CAUTION
If too much brake fluid is added, it
can spill on the engine and burn,
if the engine is hot enough. You
or others could be burned, and
the vehicle could be damaged.
Add brake fluid only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic
system.
5-25
When the brake fluid falls to a low
level, the brake warning light comes
on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-27.
What to Add
If the vehicle has DOT-3 brake fluid,
as indicated on the reservoir cap,
use only new DOT-3 brake fluid from
a sealed container. See
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11.
If the vehicle has DOT-4 brake fluid,
as indicated on the reservoir cap,
use only new DOT-4 brake fluid from
a sealed container. See
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11. DOT-4
brake fluid requires the brake
hydraulic system to be flushed and
refilled with new DOT-4 brake
fluid at a regular maintenance
service every two years. See
Additional Required Services on
page 6-5.
5-26
Service and Appearance Care
Always clean the brake fluid
reservoir cap and the area around
the cap before removing it. This
helps keep dirt from entering
the reservoir.
{ CAUTION
With the wrong kind of fluid in the
brake hydraulic system, the
brakes might not work well. This
could cause a crash. Always use
the proper brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can
badly damage brake hydraulic
system parts. For example,
just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as
engine oil, in the brake
hydraulic system can damage
brake hydraulic system
parts so badly that they will
have to be replaced. Do not let
someone put in the wrong
kind of fluid.
• If brake fluid is spilled on the
vehicle’s painted surfaces,
the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to
spill brake fluid on the vehicle.
If you do, wash it off
immediately. See Washing
Your Vehicle on page 5-69.
Brake Wear
This vehicle has disc brakes. Disc
brake pads have built-in wear
indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake
pads are worn and new pads are
needed. The sound can come
and go or be heard all the time the
vehicle is moving, except when
applying the brake pedal firmly.
{ CAUTION
The brake wear warning sound
means that soon the brakes will
not work well. That could lead to
an accident. When the brake wear
warning sound is heard, have the
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with
worn-out brake pads could
result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates
can cause a brake squeal when
the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean
something is wrong with the brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are
necessary to help prevent
brake pulsation. When tires are
rotated, inspect brake pads for wear
and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to torque
specifications in Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-81.
Brake linings should always be
replaced as complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer/retailer if the brake
pedal does not return to normal
height, or if there is a rapid increase
in pedal travel. This could be a
sign that brake service might
be required.
Service and Appearance Care
Brake Adjustment
Every time the brakes are applied,
with or without the vehicle
moving, the brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System
Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is
complex. Its many parts have to
be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have
really good braking. The vehicle was
designed and tested with top-quality
brake parts. When parts of the
braking system are replaced — for
example, when the brake linings
wear down and new ones are
installed — be sure to get new
approved replacement parts. If
this is not done, the brakes might
not work properly. For example,
if someone puts in brake linings
that are wrong for the vehicle, the
balance between the front and
rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance
expected can change in many other
ways if the wrong replacement
brake parts are installed.
Battery
{ CAUTION
Batteries have acid that can burn
you and gas that can explode.
You can be badly hurt if you are
not careful. See Jump Starting
on page 5-28 for tips on working
around a battery without
getting hurt.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals,
and related accessories contain
lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands
after handling.
5-27
This vehicle has a standard 12-volt
battery and a 36-volt hybrid
battery system.
12-Volt Battery
When a new standard 12-volt
battery is needed, see your
dealer/retailer for one that has the
replacement number shown on
the original battery’s label.
36-Volt Battery System
If a new 36-volt hybrid battery
system is needed, see your
dealer/retailer.
Vehicle Storage
Infrequent Usage: If the vehicle is
driven infrequently, remove the
12-volt battery black, negative (−)
cable from the battery, the one that
is exposed. This helps keep the
battery from running down.
5-28
Service and Appearance Care
Extended Storage: For extended
storage of the vehicle, remove the
12-volt battery black, negative (−)
cable from the battery or use a
battery trickle charger. This helps
maintain the charge of the battery
over an extended period of time.
Remember to reconnect the battery
when ready to drive the vehicle.
Notice: The 36-volt hybrid
battery system should be
serviced only by a qualified
facility to avoid battery system
damage. See your dealer/retailer if
service is needed.
Notice: If the vehicle is not
driven for over two months, the
36-volt hybrid battery can be
permanently damaged.
The 36-volt battery is located behind
the rear seat, under the cargo
floor. If the vehicle is stored for an
extended period of time, drive
the vehicle every two months for
about half an hour to keep the
36-volt hybrid battery charged and
in good working condition.
Jump Starting
The hybrid vehicle has a standard
12-volt battery in the engine
compartment, and a 36-volt battery
under the rear load floor.
{ CAUTION
Personal injury or damage to the
vehicle can result if you try jump
starting or using a battery charger
on the 36-volt battery. Use only
the 12-volt battery for jump
starting and charging.
If your vehicle’s standard 12-volt
battery has run down, you may want
to use another vehicle and some
jumper cables to start your vehicle.
Be sure to use the following
steps to do it safely.
{ CAUTION
Batteries can hurt you. They can
be dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can
burn you.
• They contain gas that can
explode or ignite.
• They contain enough
electricity to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps
exactly, some or all of these
things can hurt you.
Service and Appearance Care
Notice: Ignoring these steps
could result in costly damage to
the vehicle that would not be
covered by the warranty.
Trying to start the vehicle by
pushing or pulling it will not work,
and it could damage the vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It
must have a 12-volt battery with
a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s
system is not a 12-volt system
with a negative ground, both
vehicles can be damaged. Only
use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump
start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so
the jumper cables can reach, but
be sure the vehicles are not
touching each other. If they are, it
could cause a ground connection
you do not want. You would not
be able to start your vehicle, and
the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the
vehicles rolling, set the parking
brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start
procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in P (Park) or
a manual transmission in
N (Neutral) before setting the
parking brake.
Notice: If you leave the radio or
other accessories on during
the jump starting procedure, they
could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by the
warranty. Always turn off
the radio and other accessories
when jump starting the vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both
vehicles. Unplug unnecessary
accessories plugged into the
cigarette lighter or the accessory
power outlet. Turn off the radio
and all lamps that are not needed.
This will avoid sparks and help
save both batteries. And it could
save the radio!
5-29
4. Open each vehicle’s hood and
locate the positive (+) and
negative (−) terminal locations of
the other vehicle. Your vehicle
has a remote positive (+) 12-volt
jump starting terminal (B) and
a remote negative (−) jump
starting terminal (A). You should
always use these remote
terminals instead of the terminals
on the battery. The remote
positive (+) terminal is located
inside the junction box located
above the engine cover. To
access the remote positive (+)
terminal, unlatch the box cover.
5-30
Service and Appearance Care
A. Remote Negative (-)
B. Remote Positive (+)
Service and Appearance Care
5. The remote negative (−) terminal
is a stud on the driver side near
the underhood fuse block.
{ CAUTION
Using a match near a battery can
cause battery gas to explode.
People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use
a flashlight if you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough
water. You do not need to add
water to the battery installed in
your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right
amount of fluid is there. If it is
low, add water to take care of that
first. If you do not, explosive gas
could be present.
CAUTION
(Continued)
Battery fluid contains acid that
can burn you. Do not get it on
you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush
the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
{ CAUTION
An electric fan can start up even
when the engine is not running
and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
{ CAUTION
(Continued)
Fans or other moving engine
parts can injure you badly. Keep
your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
5-31
6. Check that the jumper cables
do not have loose or missing
insulation. If they do, you could
get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too. Before you
connect the cables to the other
vehicle, here are some basic
things you should know.
Positive (+) will go to positive (+)
or to a remote positive
terminal (+) if the vehicle has one.
Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to
a remote negative (−) terminal, if
the vehicle has one. Do not
connect positive (+) to
negative (−) or you will get a short
that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts too.
7. Connect the red positive (+)
cable to the remote positive (+)
terminal of your hybrid vehicle.
8. Do not let the other end touch
metal. Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the other
vehicle has one.
5-32
Service and Appearance Care
9. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle has one. Do
not let the other end touch
anything until the next step. The
other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead
battery. It goes to your vehicle’s
remote negative (−) terminal. The
electrical connection is just as
good there, and the chance of
sparks getting back to the battery
is much less.
10. Try to start the hybrid vehicle.
Notice: If the jumper cables are
connected or removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the
vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always connect and remove the
jumper cables in the correct order,
making sure that the cables do not
touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables
from both vehicles, do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−)
cable from the vehicle that had
the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−)
cable from the vehicle with the
good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+)
cable from the vehicle with the
good battery.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine
Part or Remote Negative (−)
Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote
Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote
Positive (+) Terminal
4. Disconnect the red positive (+)
cable from the other vehicle.
5. Close the remote positive
junction box cover.
Service and Appearance Care
Headlamp Aiming
The headlamp aiming system has
been preset at the factory.
• The vehicle should be placed so
it is perpendicular to the wall or
other flat surface.
• The vehicle should not have any
If the vehicle is damaged in an
accident, the aim of the headlamps
may be affected and adjustment
may be necessary.
• The vehicle should be fully
It is recommended that a
dealer/retailer adjust the headlamps.
To re-aim the headlamps yourself,
use the following procedure.
• The vehicle should be
The vehicle should be properly
prepared as follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so
the headlamps are 25 ft. (7.6 m)
from a light colored wall.
• The vehicle must have all four
tires on a level surface which
is level all the way to the wall.
snow, ice, or mud on it.
5-33
To adjust the vertical aim, do the
following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood
Release on page 5-9 for
more information.
assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp
aiming is being performed.
normally loaded with a full
tank of fuel and one person or
160 lbs (75 kg) sitting on the
driver’s seat.
• Tires should be properly inflated.
Headlamp aiming is done with
the vehicle’s low-beam headlamps.
The high-beam headlamps will
be correctly aimed if the low-beam
headlamps are aimed properly.
2. Locate the aim dot on the lens of
the low-beam headlamp.
3. Measure the distance from the
ground to the aim dot on the
low-beam headlamp. Record the
distance.
5-34
Service and Appearance Care
6. Turn on the low-beam headlamps
and place a piece of cardboard
or equivalent in front of the
headlamp not being adjusted.
This allows only the beam of light
from the headlamp being
adjusted to be seen on the flat
surface.
8. Turn the vertical aiming screw
until the headlamp beam is
aimed to the horizontal tape line.
Turn it clockwise or
counterclockwise to raise or
lower the angle of the beam.
4. At the wall measure from the
ground upward (A) to the
recorded distance from Step 3
and mark it.
5. Draw or tape a horizontal line (B)
on the wall the width of the
vehicle at the height of the mark
in Step 4.
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp
to improve beam cut-off when
aiming. Covering a headlamp may
cause excessive heat build-up
which may cause damage to the
headlamp.
7. Locate the vertical headlamp
aiming screws, which are
under the hood near each
headlamp assembly.
The adjustment screw can be
turned with a E8 Torx® socket.
9. Make sure that the light from the
headlamp is positioned at the
bottom edge of the horizontal
tape line. The lamp on the left (A)
shows the correct headlamp aim.
The lamp on the right (B) shows
the incorrect headlamp aim.
10. Repeat Steps 7 through 9 for
the opposite headlamp.
Service and Appearance Care
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the proper type of replacement
bulbs, see Replacement Bulbs
on page 5-37.
To replace one of the headlamp
bulbs, use the following procedure.
To replace the parking/turn signal
lamp bulb, see Front Turn Signal
and Parking Lamps on page 5-36.
For any bulb changing procedure
not listed in this section, contact
your dealer/retailer.
Halogen Bulbs
{ CAUTION
Halogen bulbs have pressurized
gas inside and can burst if you
drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure
to read and follow the instructions
on the bulb package.
5-35
6. Pull back on the front fascia and
then pull the headlamp assembly
out from the vehicle. Another
person might be needed to assist
with this step.
1. Open the hood. See Hood
Release on page 5-9 for
more information.
2. Remove the two screws from the
top of the front fascia and grille.
They are inboard of the
headlamp assembly.
3. Remove the three screws
retaining the headlamp assembly.
4. Insert a flat blade tool through the
opening in the top. Make sure the
tool fits through the opening in the
headlamp bracket lower arm.
5. Push the locking tab toward
the rear of the vehicle with the
tool to lift the headlamp bracket
lower arm.
7. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb
assembly.
8. Turn the bulb assembly
counterclockwise to remove it
from the housing.
9. Replace the old bulb with a
new one.
10. Reverse Steps 1 through 8 to
reinstall.
5-36
Service and Appearance Care
Front Turn Signal and
Parking Lamps
To replace a front turn signal or
parking lamp bulb:
1. Follow Steps 1 through 6 under
Headlamps on page 5-35 to
access the front turn signal or
parking lamp.
3. Pull the bulb out of the bulb
socket assembly.
4. Push the new bulb into the bulb
socket assembly.
5. Insert the bulb assembly into the
headlamp assembly.
Taillamps, Turn Signal,
Stoplamps and Back-up
Lamps
To replace one of these bulbs:
6. Turn the bulb assembly
clockwise until seated.
7. Reverse the steps to reinstall the
headlamp assembly.
A. Taillamp/Stoplamp
B. Turn Signal Lamp
C. Back-up Lamp
2. Turn the bulb to be replaced
counterclockwise to remove
it from the headlamp assembly.
Service and Appearance Care
1. Open the liftgate.
License Plate Lamp
To replace one of these bulbs:
1. Remove the two screws holding
each of the license plate lamps
to the fascia.
5-37
4. Push the new bulb into the bulb
socket and turn it clockwise to
lock it into place.
5. Push and turn the license plate
back through the fascia opening.
6. Reinstall the two screws holding
the license plate lamps to the
fascia.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
2. Remove the two screws holding
in the taillamp assembly.
Back-up Lamp
Front Turn
Signal/Parking
Headlamps
3. Slide the taillamp assembly
rearward and away from the
vehicle.
4. Turn the bulb socket being
replaced counterclockwise
to disconnect it.
5. Pull the bulb out of the bulb
socket.
6. Push the new bulb into the
bulb socket.
7. Reverse Steps 2 through 4 to
reinstall the taillamp assembly.
2. Turn and pull the license plate
lamp forward through the
fascia opening.
3. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise and pull the
bulb straight out of the socket.
High-beam
Low-beam/DRL
Rear Turn Signal,
Stoplamp and
Taillamp
Bulb
Number
3156
3157K
9005 or
HB3
9006 or
HB4
3057
For replacement bulbs not listed
here, contact your dealer/retailer.
5-38
Service and Appearance Care
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be
inspected for wear and cracking.
See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-3 for more information.
Replacement blades come in
different types and are removed in
different ways. For proper type
and length, see Maintenance
Replacement Parts on page 6-12.
To replace the windshield wiper
blade:
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with
high-quality tires made by a
leading tire manufacturer. If you
ever have questions about your
tire warranty and where to obtain
service, see your vehicle
Warranty booklet for details.
For additional information refer
to the tire manufacturer.
2. Push the release lever (B) to
disengage the hook and push the
wiper arm (A) out of the blade (C).
3. Push the new wiper blade
securely on the wiper arm until
you hear the release lever click
into place.
To replace the rear wiper blade, lift
the rear wiper arm from the
window and pull the blade.
1. Lift the wiper arm away from the
windshield.
{ CAUTION
Poorly maintained and
improperly used tires are
dangerous.
• Overloading your
vehicle’s tires can cause
overheating as a result
of too much flexing. You
could have an air-out and
a serious accident. See
Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-18.
(Continued)
Service and Appearance Care
CAUTION
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose
the same danger as
overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could
cause serious injury.
Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure
should be checked when
your vehicle’s tires are
cold. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-43.
• Overinflated tires are more
likely to be cut, punctured,
or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when
you hit a pothole. Keep
tires at the recommended
pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause
accidents. If the tire’s tread
is badly worn, or if your
vehicle’s tires have been
damaged, replace them.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is
molded into its sidewall. The
example below shows a typical
passenger (p-metric) tire
sidewall.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
Example
(A) Tire Size: The tire size is a
combination of letters and
numbers used to define a
particular tire’s width, height,
aspect ratio, construction
type, and service description.
5-39
See the “Tire Size” illustration
later in this section for more
detail.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire
Performance Criteria
Specification): Original
equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance
criteria have a TPC specification
code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or
exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of
Transportation): The
Department of Transportation
(DOT) code indicates that the tire
is in compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation
Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number
(TIN): The letters and numbers
following DOT code are the
Tire Identification Number (TIN).
The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured.
5-40
Service and Appearance Care
The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although
only one side may have the date
of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type
of cord and number of plies
in the sidewall and under
the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality
Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to
grade tires based on three
performance factors: treadwear,
traction and temperature
resistance. For more information
see Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-54.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation
Load Limit: Maximum load that
can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to
support that load.
Tire Size
The following illustration
shows an example of a typical
passenger (p-metric) vehicle
tire size.
(A) Passenger (P-Metric)
Tire: The United States version
of a metric tire sizing system. The
letter P as the first character in
the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to
standards set by the U. S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit
number indicates the tire
section width in millimeters from
sidewall to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit
number that indicates the tire
height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size
aspect ratio is 60, as shown in
item C of the illustration, it would
mean that the tire’s sidewall is
60 percent as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter
code is used to indicate the type
of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply
construction; the letter D means
diagonal or bias ply construction;
and the letter B means
belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of
the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: These
characters represent the load
range and speed rating of the
tire. The load index represents
the load carry capacity a tire is
certified to carry. The load index
can range from 1 to 279. The
speed rating is the maximum
speed a tire is certified to carry
a load. Speed ratings range
from A to Z.
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Terminology and
Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of
air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of
the tire. Air pressure is
expressed in pounds per square
inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means
the combined weight of
optional accessories. Some
examples of optional
accessories are, automatic
transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows,
power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship
of a tire’s height to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of
cords that is located between the
plies and the tread. Cords
may be made from steel or other
reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains
steel wires wrapped by steel
cords that hold the tire onto
the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire
in which the plies are laid at
alternate angles less than
90 degrees to the centerline of
the tread.
Cold Tire Pressure: The
amount of air pressure in a tire,
measured in pounds per
square inch (psi) or kilopascals
(kPa) before a tire has built
up heat from driving. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-43.
Curb Weight: The weight of a
motor vehicle with standard
and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel,
oil, and coolant, but without
passengers and cargo.
5-41
DOT Markings: A code molded
into the sidewall of a tire
signifying that the tire is in
compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation
(DOT) motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric
designator which can also
identify the tire manufacturer,
production plant, brand, and date
of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating. See Loading the Vehicle
on page 4-18.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight
Rating for the front axle. See
Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-18.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight
Rating for the rear axle. See
Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-18.
5-42
Service and Appearance Care
Intended Outboard
Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must
always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle
Weight: The sum of curb
weight, accessory weight,
vehicle capacity weight, and
production options weight.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric
unit for air pressure.
Normal Occupant Weight: The
number of occupants a vehicle
is designed to seat multiplied by
150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-18.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A
tire used on light duty trucks
and some multipurpose
passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned
number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load
carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation
Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire can
be inflated. The maximum air
pressure is molded onto the
sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The
load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation
pressure for that tire.
Occupant
Distribution: Designated
seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The
side of an asymmetrical tire
that has a particular side
that faces outward when
mounted on a vehicle. The side
of the tire that contains a
whitewall, bears white lettering,
or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that
is higher or deeper than the
same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A
tire used on passenger cars and
some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation
Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended
tire inflation pressure as
shown on the tire placard. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-43 and Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-18.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic
tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid
at 90 degrees to the centerline
of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire
and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire
between the tread and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric
code assigned to a tire
indicating the maximum speed
at which a tire can operate.
Service and Appearance Care
Traction: The friction between
the tire and the road surface.
The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that
comes into contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow
bands, sometimes called wear
bars, that show across the tread
of a tire when only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) of tread remains. See
When It Is Time for New Tires on
page 5-51.
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality
Grading Standards): A tire
information system that provides
consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and
treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers
using government testing
procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the
tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-54.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The
number of designated seating
positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load.
See Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-18.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the
Tire: Load on an individual
tire due to curb weight,
accessory weight, occupant
weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label
permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the vehicle’s
capacity weight and the original
equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure.
See “Tire and Loading
Information Label” under
Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-18.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount
of air pressure to operate
effectively.
5-43
Notice: Do not let anyone tell
you that under-inflation or
over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have
enough air (under-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air
(over-inflation), you can get
the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road
hazards
A vehicle specific Tire and
Loading Information label is
attached to your vehicle.
5-44
Service and Appearance Care
This label shows your vehicle’s
original equipment tires and
the correct inflation pressures for
your tires when they are cold.
The recommended cold tire
inflation pressure, shown on the
label, is the minimum amount
of air pressure needed to
support your vehicle’s maximum
load carrying capacity.
For additional information
regarding how much weight
your vehicle can carry, and an
example of the Tire and Loading
Information label, see Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-18. How
you load your vehicle affects
vehicle handling and ride
comfort. Never load your vehicle
with more weight than it was
designed to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month
or more.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type
gage to check tire pressure.
You cannot tell if your tires are
properly inflated simply by
looking at them. Radial tires may
look properly inflated even when
they are under-inflated. Check
the tire’s inflation pressure when
the tires are cold. Cold means
your vehicle has been sitting for
at least three hours or driven no
more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from
the tire valve stem. Press the tire
gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement.
If the cold tire inflation pressure
matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and
Loading Information label, no
further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is
low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air
by pushing on the metal stem in
the center of the tire valve.
Re-check the tire pressure with
the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps
back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by
keeping out dirt and moisture.
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Pressure Monitor
System
The Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS) uses radio and sensor
technology to check tire pressure
levels. The TPMS sensors monitor
the air pressure in your vehicle’s tires
and transmit tire pressure readings to
a receiver located in the vehicle.
Each tire, including the spare
(if provided), should be checked
monthly when cold and inflated to the
inflation pressure recommended by
the vehicle manufacturer on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation
pressure label. (If your vehicle has
tires of a different size than the size
indicated on the vehicle placard or
tire inflation pressure label, you
should determine the proper tire
inflation pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety feature, your
vehicle has been equipped with a tire
pressure monitoring system (TPMS)
that illuminates a low tire pressure
telltale when one or more of your
tires is significantly under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire
pressure telltale illuminates, you
should stop and check your tires as
soon as possible, and inflate them to
the proper pressure. Driving on a
significantly under-inflated tire
causes the tire to overheat and can
lead to tire failure. Under-inflation
also reduces fuel efficiency and tire
tread life, and may affect the
vehicle’s handling and stopping
ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not
a substitute for proper tire
maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct
tire pressure, even if under-inflation
has not reached the level to trigger
illumination of the TPMS low tire
pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been
equipped with a TPMS malfunction
indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly.
The TPMS malfunction indicator
is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the
5-45
system detects a malfunction, the
telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain
continuously illuminated. This
sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as
long as the malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is
illuminated, the system may
not be able to detect or signal low
tire pressure as intended. TPMS
malfunctions may occur for a variety
of reasons, including the installation
of replacement or alternate tires
or wheels on the vehicle that prevent
the TPMS from functioning
properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing
one or more tires or wheels on your
vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and
wheels allow the TPMS to continue
to function properly.
See Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation on page 5-46 for
additional information.
5-46
Service and Appearance Care
Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) and
Industry and Science Canada
The Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS) operates on a radio
frequency and complies with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation.
The TPMS operates on a radio
frequency and complies with
RSS-210 of Industry and Science
Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause
interference.
2. This device must accept any
interference received, including
interference that may cause
undesired operation of the
device.
Changes or modifications to this
system by other than an authorized
service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation
This vehicle may have a Tire
Pressure Monitor System (TPMS).
The TPMS is designed to warn
the driver when a low tire pressure
condition exists. TPMS sensors
are mounted onto each tire
and wheel assembly. The TPMS
sensors monitor the air pressure in
the vehicle’s tires and transmits
the tire pressure readings to
a receiver located in the vehicle.
When a low tire pressure condition is
detected, the TPMS turns on the low
tire pressure warning light located on
the instrument panel cluster.
Service and Appearance Care
At the same time a message to
check the pressure in a specific tire
appears on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) display. The low tire
pressure warning light and the DIC
warning message come on at each
ignition cycle until the tires are
inflated to the correct inflation
pressure. Using the DIC, tire
pressure levels can be viewed by the
driver. For additional information and
details about the DIC operation and
displays see DIC Operation and
Displays on page 3-36 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on
page 3-42.
The low tire pressure warning light
may come on in cool weather
when the vehicle is first started, and
then turn off as you start to drive.
This could be an early indicator that
the air pressure in the tire(s) are
getting low and need to be inflated
to the proper pressure.
A Tire and Loading Information label
shows the size of your vehicle’s
original equipment tires and
the correct inflation pressure for
your vehicle’s tires when they
are cold. See Loading the Vehicle
on page 4-18, for an example of the
Tire and Loading Information
label and its location on your
vehicle. Also see Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-43.
Your vehicle’s TPMS system can
warn you about a low tire pressure
condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire
Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-50 and Tires on page 5-38.
5-47
Notice: Using non-approved tire
sealants could damage the
Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS) sensors. TPMS sensor
damage caused by using an
incorrect tire sealant is not
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always use the GM approved
tire sealant available through your
dealer/retailer.
Your vehicle, when new, included a
factory-installed Tire Inflator Kit.
This kit uses a GM approved liquid
tire sealant. Using non-approved
tire sealants could damage the
TPMS sensors. See Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit for information
regarding the inflator kit materials
and instructions.
5-48
Service and Appearance Care
TPMS Malfunction Light and
Message
The TPMS will not function properly if
one or more of the TPMS sensors
are missing or inoperable. When the
system detects a malfunction, the
low tire warning light flashes for
about one minute and then stays on
for the remainder of the ignition
cycle. A DIC warning message is
also displayed. The low tire warning
light and DIC warning message
come on at each ignition cycle until
the problem is corrected. Some of
the conditions that can cause the
malfunction light and DIC message
to come on are:
• The TPMS sensor matching
process was started but not
completed or not completed
successfully after rotating the
vehicle’s tires. The DIC message
and TPMS malfunction light
should go off once the TPMS
sensor matching process is
performed successfully. See
“TPMS Sensor Matching Process”
later in this section.
• One or more TPMS sensors are
missing or damaged. The DIC
message and the TPMS
malfunction light should go
off when the TPMS sensors
are installed and the sensor
matching process is performed
successfully. See your dealer/
retailer for service.
• Replacement tires or wheels do
not match your vehicle’s original
equipment tires or wheels. Tires
and wheels other than those
recommended for your vehicle
could prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. See Buying
New Tires on page 5-51.
• Operating electronic devices or
being near facilities using radio
wave frequencies similar to the
TPMS could cause the TPMS
sensors to malfunction.
If the TPMS is not functioning it
cannot detect or signal a low tire
condition. See your dealer/retailer for
service if the TPMS malfunction light
and DIC message comes on and
stays on.
TPMS Sensor Matching
Process
Each TPMS sensor has a unique
identification code. Any time
you replace one or more of the
TPMS sensors or rotate the
vehicle’s tires, the identification
codes need to be matched to the
new tire/wheel location. The sensors
are matched, to the tire/wheel
locations, in the following order:
driver side front tire, passenger side
front tire, passenger side rear
tire, and driver side rear tire using a
TPMS diagnostic tool. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
The TPMS sensors can also be
matched to each tire/wheel position
by increasing or decreasing the
tire’s air pressure. When increasing
the tire’s pressure, do not exceed
the maximum inflation pressure
indicated on the tire’s sidewall. To
decrease the tire’s air-pressure
use the pointed end of the valve
cap, a pencil-style air pressure
gage, or a key.
Service and Appearance Care
You have two minutes to match
each tire and wheel position.
If it takes longer than two minutes to
match any tire and wheel position,
the matching process stops and you
need to start over.
The TPMS matching process is
outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to
ON/RUN with the engine off.
3. Press and hold the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter’s
LOCK and UNLOCK buttons,
at the same time, for about
five seconds to start the TPMS
learn mode. The horn sounds
twice indicating the TPMS
receiver is ready and in
learn mode.
4. Start with the driver side front
tire. The driver side front turn
signal also comes on to indicate
that corner’s sensor is ready
to be learned.
5. Remove the valve cap from the
tire’s valve stem. Activate the
TPMS sensor by increasing
or decreasing the tire’s air
pressure for about eight seconds.
The horn chirp, can take up to
30 seconds to sound. It
chirps one time and then all the
turn signals flash one time to
confirm the sensor identification
code has been matched to
the tire/wheel position.
6. The passenger side front turn
signal comes on to indicate
that corner sensor is ready to be
learned. Proceed to the
passenger side front tire and
repeat the procedure in Step 5.
7. The passenger side rear
turn signal comes on to indicate
that corner sensor is ready to
be learned. Proceed to the
passenger side rear tire and
repeat the procedure in Step 5.
8. The driver side rear turn signal
comes on to indicate that
corner sensor is ready to be
5-49
learned. Proceed to the driver
side rear tire, and repeat
the procedure in Step 5.
9. After hearing the single horn
chirp for the driver side rear
tire, two additional horn chirps
sound to indicate the tire learning
process is done. Turn the
ignition switch to LOCK/OFF.
If no tires are learned after
entering the TPMS learn mode,
or if communication with the
receiver stops, or if the time limit
has expired, turn the ignition
switch to LOCK/OFF and
start over beginning with Step 2.
10. Set all four tires to the
recommended air pressure level
as indicated on the Tire and
Loading Information label.
11. Put the valve caps back on the
valve stems.
5-50
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Inspection and
Rotation
We recommend that you
regularly inspect the vehicle’s
tires, including the spare tire, for
signs of wear or damage.
See When It Is Time for New
Tires on page 5-51 for more
information.
Tires should be rotated every
5,000 to 8,000 miles (8 000 to
13 000 km). See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-3.
The purpose of a regular tire
rotation is to achieve a uniform
wear for all tires on the
vehicle. This will ensure that the
vehicle continues to perform
most like it did when the
tires were new.
Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate the tires as soon
as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New
Tires on page 5-51 and
Wheel Replacement on
page 5-55.
Reset the Tire Pressure Monitor
System. See Tire Pressure
Monitor Operation on page 5-46.
Make certain that all wheel
nuts are properly tightened. See
“Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-81.
{ CAUTION
When rotating the vehicle’s tires,
always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
After the tires have been rotated,
adjust the front and rear inflation
pressures as shown on the Tire
and Loading Information label.
See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-43 and Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-18.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on
the parts to which it is
fastened, can make wheel
nuts become loose after a
time. The wheel could come
off and cause a crash. When
you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places
where the wheel attaches to
the vehicle. In an emergency,
you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to
use a scraper or wire brush
later, if you need to, to get all
the rust or dirt off.
Service and Appearance Care
When It Is Time for New
Tires
Various factors, such as
maintenance, temperatures, driving
speeds, vehicle loading, and
road conditions influence when you
need new tires.
You need new tires if any of the
following statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at
three or more places around
the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric
showing through the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked,
cut, or snagged deep enough to
show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge,
or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or
other damage that cannot be
repaired well because of the size
or location of the damage.
One way to tell when it is time for
new tires is to check the treadwear
indicators, which will appear
when the tires have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread remaining.
The rubber in tires degrades over
time, even if they are not being
used. This is also true for the spare
tire, if the vehicle has one. Multiple
conditions affect how fast this
aging takes place, including
temperatures, loading conditions,
and inflation pressure maintenance.
5-51
With proper care and maintenance
tires typically wear out before
they degrade due to age. If you are
unsure about the need to replace
the tires as they get older, consult
the tire manufacturer for more
information.
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched
specific tires for your vehicle.
The original equipment tires installed
on your vehicle, when it was new,
were designed to meet General
Motors Tire Performance Criteria
Specification (TPC spec) system
rating. If you need replacement tires,
GM strongly recommends that
you get tires with the same TPC
Spec rating. This way, your vehicle
will continue to have tires that
are designed to give the same
performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original
tires.
5-52
Service and Appearance Care
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system
considers over a dozen critical
specifications that impact the overall
performance of your vehicle,
including brake system performance,
ride and handling, traction control,
and tire pressure monitoring
performance. GM’s TPC Spec
number is molded onto the tire’s
sidewall near the tire size. If the tires
have an all-season tread design,
the TPC spec number will be
followed by a MS, for mud and
snow. See Tire Sidewall Labeling on
page 5-39 for additional information.
GM recommends replacing tires
in sets of four. This is because
uniform tread depth on all tires will
help keep your vehicle performing
most like it did when the tires
were new. Replacing less than a full
set of tires can affect the braking
and handling performance of your
vehicle. See Tire Inspection
and Rotation on page 5-50 for
information on proper tire rotation.
{ CAUTION
Mixing tires could cause you
to lose control while driving. If
you mix tires of different sizes,
brands, or types (radial and
bias-belted tires) the vehicle
may not handle properly, and
you could have a crash. Using
tires of different sizes, brands,
or types may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be
sure to use the correct size,
brand, and type of tires on
your vehicle’s wheels.
{ CAUTION
If you use bias-ply tires on the
vehicle, the wheel rim flanges
could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail
suddenly, causing a crash.
Use only radial-ply tires with
the wheels on the vehicle.
If you must replace your vehicle’s
tires with those that do not have a
TPC Spec number, make sure they
are the same size, load range, speed
rating, and construction type (radial
and bias-belted tires) as your
vehicle’s original tires.
Service and Appearance Care
Vehicles that have a tire pressure
monitoring system could give an
inaccurate low-pressure warning if
non-TPC Spec rated tires are
installed on your vehicle. Non-TPC
Spec rated tires may give a
low-pressure warning that is higher
or lower than the proper warning
level you would get with TPC Spec
rated tires. See Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 5-45.
Your vehicle’s original equipment
tires are listed on the Tire and
Loading Information label. See
Loading the Vehicle on page 4-18,
for more information about the
Tire and Loading Information label
and its location on your vehicle.
Different Size Tires and
Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a
different size than your original
equipment wheels and tires,
this may affect the way your vehicle
performs, including its braking,
ride and handling characteristics,
stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has
electronic systems such as, anti-lock
brakes, rollover airbags, traction
control, and stability control,
the performance of these systems
can be affected.
5-53
{ CAUTION
If you add different sized wheels,
your vehicle may not provide an
acceptable level of performance
and safety if tires not
recommended for those wheels
are selected. You may increase
the chance that you will crash and
suffer serious injury. Only use
Saturn specific wheel and tire
systems developed for your
vehicle, and have them properly
installed by a Saturn certified
technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 5-51
and Accessories and Modifications
on page 5-3 for additional
information.
5-54
Service and Appearance Care
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading
Quality grades can be found
where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread
shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA
Temperature A
The following information relates
to the system developed by the
United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA), which grades tires by
treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This
applies only to vehicles sold in
the United States. The grades
are molded on the sidewalls of
most passenger car tires. The
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
(UTQG) system does not apply to
deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver, or temporary
use spare tires, tires with nominal
rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on
General Motors passenger cars
and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they
must also conform to federal
safety requirements and
additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a
comparative rating based on the
wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a
specified government test
course. For example, a tire
graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the
government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of
their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits,
service practices, and differences
in road characteristics and
climate.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest
to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C.
Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement
as measured under controlled
conditions on specified
government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire
marked C may have poor traction
performance.
{ WARNING
The traction grade assigned to
this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction
characteristics.
Service and Appearance Care
Temperature – A, B, C
The temperature grades are
A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance
to the generation of heat and
its ability to dissipate heat when
tested under controlled
conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause
the material of the tire to
degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature
can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to
a level of performance which all
passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A
represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory
test wheel than the minimum
required by law.
{ WARNING
The temperature grade for this
tire is established for a tire
that is properly inflated and
not overloaded. Excessive
speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either
separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and
possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance
The tires and wheels on your
vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give
you the longest tire life and best
overall performance. Adjustments to
wheel alignment and tire balancing
will not be necessary on a regular
5-55
basis. However, if you notice
unusual tire wear or your vehicle
pulling to one side or the other, the
alignment might need to be
checked. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a
smooth road, the tires and wheels
might need to be rebalanced.
See your dealer/retailer for proper
diagnosis.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent,
cracked, or badly rusted or
corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and
wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except
some aluminum wheels, which
can sometimes be repaired). See
your dealer/retailer if any of
these conditions exist.
5-56
Service and Appearance Care
Your dealer/retailer will know the
kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the
same load-carrying capacity,
diameter, width, offset and be
mounted the same way as the
one it replaces.
{ CAUTION
Using the wrong replacement
wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts
on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air
and make you lose control. You
could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel,
wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for
replacement.
If you need to replace any of your
wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel
nuts, replace them only with new
Saturn original equipment parts.
This way, you will be sure to have
the right wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
Notice: The wrong wheel
can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer
calibration, headlamp aim,
bumper height, vehicle ground
clearance, and tire clearance
to the body and chassis.
{ CAUTION
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on
the parts to which it is
fastened, can make wheel
nuts become loose after a
time. The wheel could come
off and cause a crash. When
you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places
where the wheel attaches to
the vehicle. In an emergency,
you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to
use a scraper or wire brush
later, if you need to, to get all
the rust or dirt off.
{ CAUTION
Never use oil or grease on studs
or the threads of the wheel nuts.
If you do, the wheel nuts might
come loose and the wheel could
fall off, causing a crash.
Service and Appearance Care
{ CAUTION
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause
the wheel to become loose and
even come off. This could lead to a
crash. Be sure to use the correct
wheel nuts. If you have to replace
them, be sure to get new Saturn
original equipment wheel nuts.
Notice: Improperly tightened
wheel nuts can lead to brake
pulsation and rotor damage. To
avoid expensive brake repairs,
evenly tighten the wheel nuts in
the proper sequence and to
the proper torque specification.
5-57
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Putting a used wheel on your
vehicle is dangerous. You cannot
know how it has been used or
how far it has been driven. It
could fail suddenly and cause a
crash. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new Saturn original
equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
{ CAUTION
Do not use tire chains. There is
not enough clearance. Tire chains
used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can
cause damage to the brakes,
suspension or other vehicle parts.
(Continued)
(Continued)
The area damaged by the tire
chains could cause you to lose
control of the vehicle and you or
others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction
device only if its manufacturer
recommends it for use on the
vehicle and tire size combination
and road conditions. Follow that
manufacturer’s instructions. To
help avoid damage to the vehicle,
drive slowly, readjust or remove
the device if it is contacting the
vehicle, and do not spin the
vehicle’s wheels. If you do find
traction devices that will fit, install
them on the front tires.
5-58
Service and Appearance Care
If a Tire Goes Flat
This vehicle has a tire sealant and
compressor kit. See Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit on page 5-59.
There is no spare tire, no tire
changing equipment, and no place
to store a tire.
It is unusual for a tire to blow out
while you are driving, especially
if you maintain your tires properly.
See Tires on page 5-38. If air
goes out of a tire, it is much more
likely to leak out slowly. But, if
you should ever have a blow out,
here are a few tips about what
to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will
create a drag that pulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot
off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to
maintain lane position, and then
gently brake to a stop well out of the
traffic lane.
A rear blow out, particularly on a
curve, acts much like a skid
and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any
rear blow out, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the
vehicle under control by steering the
way you want the vehicle to go. It
may be very bumpy and noisy,
but you can still steer. Gently brake
to a stop, well off the road if
possible.
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire
and wheel damage by driving slowly
to a level place and stopping.
1. Turn on the hazard warning
flashers. See Hazard Warning
Flashers on page 3-5.
2. Park the vehicle. Set the parking
brake firmly and put the shift
lever in P (Park). See Shifting
Into Park on page 2-23.
3. Turn off the engine.
4. Inspect the flat tire.
If the tire has been separated from
the wheel, has damaged sidewalls,
or has a puncture larger than a
1⁄4 inch (6 mm), the tire is too
severely damaged for the tire
sealant and compressor kit to be
effective. See Roadside Assistance
Program on page 7-5.
If the tire has a puncture less than a
⁄ inch (6 mm) in the tread area
of the tire, see Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit on page 5-59.
14
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit
{ CAUTION
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed
area with poor ventilation is
dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust
contains Carbon Monoxide (CO)
which cannot be seen or smelled.
It can cause unconsciousness
and even death. Never run the
engine in an enclosed area that
has no fresh air ventilation. For
more information, see Engine
Exhaust on page 2-26.
5-59
{ CAUTION
{ CAUTION
Over-inflating a tire could cause
the tire to rupture and you or
others could be injured. Be sure
to read and follow the tire sealant
and compressor kit instructions
and inflate the tire to its
recommended pressure. Do not
exceed the recommended
pressure.
Storing the tire sealant and
compressor kit or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of
the vehicle could cause injury. In
a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone.
Store the tire sealant and
compressor kit in its original
location.
If this vehicle has a tire sealant and
compressor kit, there may not be a
spare tire, tire changing equipment,
and on some vehicles there may not
be a place to store a tire.
The tire sealant and compressor
can be used to temporarily seal
punctures up to 1⁄4 inch (6 mm) in the
tread area of the tire. It can also be
used to inflate an under inflated tire.
5-60
Service and Appearance Care
If the tire has been separated from
the wheel, has damaged sidewalls,
or has a large puncture, the tire
is too severely damaged for the tire
sealant and compressor kit to be
effective. See Roadside Assistance
Program on page 7-5.
The kit includes:
Tire Sealant
Read and follow the safe handling
instructions on the label adhered
to the sealant canister.
Check the tire sealant expiration
date on the sealant canister.
The sealant canister should be
replaced before its expiration date.
Replacement sealant canisters
are available at your local
dealer/retailer. See “Removal and
Installation of the Sealant Canister”
following.
Read and follow all of the tire
sealant and compressor kit
instructions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Air Compressor
Tire Sealant Canister
Power Plug
On/Off Button
Pressure Gage
Air Only Hose (Black)
Sealant/Air Hose (Clear)
There is only enough sealant to seal
one tire. After usage, the sealant
canister and sealant/air hose
assembly must be replaced. See
“Removal and Installation of
the Sealant Canister” following.
Service and Appearance Care
Using the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit to
Temporarily Seal and Inflate a
Punctured Tire
Always do a safety check first. See
If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-58.
1. Remove the tire sealant and
compressor kit from its storage
location. See Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit Storage on
page 5-66.
Make sure the on/off button (D)
is in the off (O) position.
2. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (F)
and the power plug (C).
3. Place the kit on the ground.
Make sure the tire valve
stem is positioned close to the
ground so the hose will reach it.
When using the tire sealant and
compressor kit during cold
temperatures, warm the kit in a
heated environment for 5 minutes.
This will help to inflate the tire faster.
4. Remove the valve stem cap from
the flat tire by turning it
counterclockwise.
5-61
5. Attach the sealant/air hose (F)
onto the tire valve stem. Turn
it clockwise until it is tight.
6. Plug the power plug (C) into the
accessory power outlet in the
vehicle. Unplug all items
from other accessory power
outlets. See Accessory Power
Outlet(s) on page 3-16.
If the vehicle has an accessory
power outlet, do not use the
cigarette lighter.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette
lighter, use the cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug
cord in the door or window.
7. Start the vehicle. The vehicle
must be running while using
the air compressor.
5-62
Service and Appearance Care
8. Press the on/off (D) button to
turn the tire sealant and
compressor kit on.
The compressor will inject
sealant and air into the tire.
The pressure gage (E) will initially
show a high pressure while the
compressor pushes the sealant
into the tire. Once the sealant is
completely dispersed into the tire,
the pressure will quickly drop and
start to rise again as the tire
inflates with air only.
9. Inflate the tire to the
recommended inflation pressure
using the pressure gage (E).
The recommended inflation
pressure can be found on the
Tire and Loading Information
label. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-43.
The pressure gage (E) may read
higher than the actual tire
pressure while the compressor is
on. Turn the compressor off to
get an accurate pressure
reading. The compressor may be
turned on/off until the correct
pressure is reached.
Notice: If the recommended
pressure cannot be reached after
approximately 25 minutes, the
vehicle should not be driven
farther. The tire is too severely
damaged and the tire sealant and
compressor kit cannot inflate the
tire. Remove the power plug from
the accessory power outlet and
unscrew the inflating hose from
the tire valve. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 7-5.
10. Press the on/off button (D) to
turn the tire sealant and
compressor kit off.
The tire is not sealed and will
continue to leak air until
the vehicle is driven and the
sealant is distributed in the tire,
therefore, Steps 11 through 17
must be done immediately
after Step 10.
Be careful while handling the tire
sealant and compressor kit as it
could be warm after usage.
11. Unplug the power plug (C) from
the accessory power outlet in
the vehicle.
12. Turn the sealant/air hose (F)
counterclockwise to remove it
from the tire valve stem.
13. Replace the tire valve
stem cap.
Service and Appearance Care
14. Replace the sealant/air hose (F),
and the power plug (C) back in
their original location.
15. If the flat tire was able to inflate
to the recommended inflation
pressure, remove the maximum
speed label from the sealant
canister (B) and place it
in a highly visible location.
The label is a reminder not to
exceed 55 mph (90 km/h)
until the damaged tire is
repaired or replaced.
16. Return the equipment to its
original storage location in
the vehicle.
17. Immediately drive the vehicle
5 miles (8 km) to distribute the
sealant in the tire.
18. Stop at a safe location and
check the tire pressure.
Refer to Steps 1 through 11
under “Using the Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit without
Sealant to Inflate a Tire
(Not Punctured).”
If the tire pressure has fallen
more than 10 psi (68 kPa) below
the recommended inflation
pressure, stop driving the
vehicle. The tire is too severely
damaged and the tire sealant
cannot seal the tire. See
Roadside Assistance Program
on page 7-5.
If the tire pressure has not
dropped more than 10 psi
(68 kPa) from the recommended
inflation pressure, inflate the
tire to the recommended
inflation pressure.
5-63
19. Wipe off any sealant from the
wheel, tire or vehicle.
20. Dispose of the used sealant
canister (B) and sealant/air
hose (F) assembly at a
local dealer/retailer or in
accordance with local state
codes and practices.
21. Replace it with a new canister
available from your
dealer/retailer.
22. After temporarily sealing a tire
using the tire sealant and
compressor kit, take the vehicle
to an authorized dealer/retailer
within a 100 miles (161 km)
of driving to have the tire
repaired or replaced.
5-64
Service and Appearance Care
Using the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit without
Sealant to Inflate a Tire (Not
Punctured)
To use the air compressor to inflate
a tire with air only and not sealant:
2. Unlock the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B) by
pulling up on the lever.
3. Pull the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B).
4. Remove the power plug (C) from
the air compressor (A).
5. Place the kit on the ground.
Make sure the tire valve
stem is positioned close to the
ground so the hose will reach it.
6. Remove the tire valve stem cap
by turning it counterclockwise.
7. Attach the air only hose (F) onto
the tire valve stem and press the
lever down to secure it.
Always do a safety check first. See
If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-58.
1. Remove the tire sealant and
compressor kit from its storage
location. See Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit Storage on
page 5-66.
8. Plug the power plug (C) into the
accessory power outlet in the
vehicle. Unplug all items
from other accessory power
outlets. See Accessory Power
Outlet(s) on page 3-16.
If the vehicle has an accessory
power outlet, do not use the
cigarette lighter.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette
lighter, use the cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug
cord in the door or window.
9. Start the vehicle. The vehicle
must be running while using
the air compressor.
10. Press the on/off (D) button to
turn the compressor on.
The compressor will inflate the
tire with air only.
11. Inflate the tire to the
recommended inflation pressure
using the pressure gage (E).
The recommended inflation
pressure can be found on the
Tire and Loading Information
label. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-43.
The pressure gage (E) may
read higher than the actual tire
pressure while the compressor
is on. Turn the compressor
off to get an accurate reading.
The compressor may be
turned on/off until the correct
pressure is reached.
Service and Appearance Care
12. Press the on/off button (D) to
turn the tire sealant and
compressor kit off.
Be careful while handling the tire
sealant and compressor kit as it
could be warm after usage.
Removal and Installation of
the Sealant Canister
To remove the sealant canister:
15. Replace the air only hose (F)
and the power plug (C) back in
its original location.
16. Place the equipment in the
original storage location in
the vehicle.
5. Lift the sealant canister (B) from
the compressor and replace with
a new sealant canister. See
your dealer/retailer for more
information.
To install a new sealant canister:
13. Unplug the power plug (C) from
the accessory power outlet in
the vehicle.
14. Disconnect the air only hose (F)
from the tire valve stem, by
turning it counterclockwise, and
replace the tire valve stem cap.
5-65
1. Align the sealant/air hose (F) with
the slot in the air compressor.
1. Unlock the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B) by
pulling up on the lever.
2. Pull the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B).
3. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (F)
from the compressor (A).
4. Turn the sealant canister (B) so
the inflator filling hose is aligned
with the slot in the compressor.
2. Push the sealant canister (B)
down and turn it clockwise.
3. Wrap the sealant/air hose (F)
around the air compressor
channel to stow it in its original
location.
4. Push the air compressor inflator
hose (F) onto the sealant
canister inlet and push the
lever down.
5-66
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit Storage
2. Push in the levers and lift the
load floor up.
Appearance Care
Interior Cleaning
To access the tire sealant and
compressor kit:
1. Open the liftgate. See Liftgate on
page 2-8.
3. Turn the retainer
counterclockwise and
remove the tire sealant
and compressor kit.
To store the tire sealant and
compressor kit, reverse the steps.
The vehicle’s interior will continue to
look its best if it is cleaned often.
Although not always visible,
dust and dirt can accumulate on the
upholstery. Dirt can damage
carpet, fabric, leather, and plastic
surfaces. Regular vacuuming
is recommended to remove particles
from the upholstery. It is important
to keep the upholstery from
becoming and remaining heavily
soiled. Soils should be removed as
quickly as possible. The vehicle’s
interior may experience extremes of
heat that could cause stains to
set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require
more frequent cleaning. Use care
because newspapers and garments
that transfer color to home
furnishings may also transfer color
to the vehicle’s interior.
Service and Appearance Care
5-67
When cleaning the vehicle’s interior,
only use cleaners specifically
designed for the surfaces being
cleaned. Permanent damage may
result from using cleaners on
surfaces for which they were not
intended. Use glass cleaner only on
glass. Remove any accidental
over-spray from other surfaces
immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the
cleaning cloth.
Many cleaners contain solvents that
may become concentrated in the
vehicle’s breathing space. Before
using cleaners, read and adhere to
all safety instructions on the
label. While cleaning the vehicle’s
interior, maintain adequate
ventilation by opening the vehicle’s
doors and windows.
Notice: Using abrasive cleaners
when cleaning glass surfaces on
the vehicle, could scratch the
glass and/or cause damage to the
rear window defogger. When
cleaning the glass on the vehicle,
use only a soft cloth and glass
cleaner.
Products that remove odors from
the vehicle’s upholstery and
clean the vehicle’s glass can be
obtained from your dealer/retailer.
• Too much cleaner that saturates
Do not clean the vehicle using:
• Organic solvents such as naptha,
Dust may be removed from small
buttons and knobs using a small
brush with soft bristles.
• A knife or any other sharp object
to remove a soil from any interior
surface.
• A stiff brush. It can cause
damage to the vehicle’s interior
surfaces.
• Heavy pressure or aggressive
rubbing with a cleaning cloth.
Use of heavy pressure can
damage the interior and does not
improve the effectiveness of
soil removal.
• Laundry detergents or
dishwashing soaps with
degreasers can leave residue
that streaks and attracts dirt. For
liquid cleaners, about 20 drops
per gallon (3.78 L) of water
is a good guide. Use only mild,
neutral-pH soaps.
the upholstery.
alcohol, etc. that can damage the
vehicle’s interior.
5-68
Service and Appearance Care
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft
brush attachment frequently to
remove dust and loose dirt.
A canister vacuum with a beater bar
in the nozzle may only be used
on floor carpet and carpeted floor
mats. For any soil, always try
to remove it first with plain water or
club soda. Before cleaning,
gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the
following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the
remaining soil with a paper towel.
Allow the soil to absorb into
the paper towel until no more can
be removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as
much as possible and then
vacuum.
To clean:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white
cloth with water or club soda.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess
moisture.
3. Start on the outside edge of the
soil and gently rub toward the
center. Continue cleaning, using
a clean area of the cloth each
time it becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled
area until the cleaning cloth
remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely
removed, use a mild soap
solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with
plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a
commercial fabric cleaner or spot
lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or
spot lifter is to be used, test a small
hidden area for colorfastness first. If
the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may
result, clean the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been
completed, a paper towel can be
used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water
can be used to remove dust. If
a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened
with a mild soap solution can
be used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat to
dry. Never use steam to clean
leather. Never use spot lifters or
spot removers on leather. Many
commercial leather cleaners
and coatings that are sold to
preserve and protect leather may
permanently change the appearance
and feel of the leather and are not
recommended. Do not use
silicone or wax-based products, or
those containing organic solvents to
clean the vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance
by increasing the gloss in a
non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on leather.
Service and Appearance Care
Instrument Panel, Vinyl,
and Other Plastic
Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water
may be used to remove dust.
If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth
dampened with a mild soap solution
can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters
or removers on plastic surfaces.
Many commercial cleaners
and coatings that are sold to
preserve and protect soft plastic
surfaces may permanently change
the appearance and feel of the
interior and are not recommended.
Do not use silicone or wax-based
products, or those containing
organic solvents to clean the
vehicle’s interior because they can
alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may
increase gloss on the instrument
panel. The increase in gloss
may cause annoying reflections in
the windshield and even make
it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
5-69
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will
make them last longer, seal
better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean
cloth. During very cold, damp
weather frequent application may be
required. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Keep belts clean and dry.
Washing Your Vehicle
{ CAUTION
Do not bleach or dye safety belts.
It may severely weaken them. In
a crash, they might not be able to
provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
The best way to preserve the
vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean by
washing it often.
Notice: Certain cleaners contain
chemicals that can damage
the emblems or nameplates on
the vehicle. Check the cleaning
product label. If it states that
it should not be used on plastic
parts, do not use it on the vehicle
or damage may occur and it
would not be covered by
the warranty.
5-70
Service and Appearance Care
Do not wash the vehicle in direct
sunlight. Use a car washing
soap. Do not use cleaning agents
that are petroleum based or
that contain acid or abrasives, as
they can damage the paint, metal or
plastic on the vehicle. Approved
cleaning products can be obtained
from your dealer/retailer. Follow
all manufacturers’ directions
regarding correct product usage,
necessary safety precautions
and appropriate disposal of any
vehicle care product.
Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
Rinse the vehicle well, before
washing and after to remove all
cleaning agents completely. If they
are allowed to dry on the surface,
they could stain.
Cleaning Exterior
Lamps/Lenses
High pressure car washes may
cause water to enter the vehicle.
Avoid using high pressure washes
closer than 12 inches (30 cm)
to the surface of the vehicle. Use
of power washers exceeding
1,200 psi (8 274 kPa) can result in
damage or removal of paint and
decals.
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a
soft cloth and a car washing
soap to clean exterior lamps and
lenses. Follow instructions
under Washing Your Vehicle on
page 5-69.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of the vehicle by hand may be
necessary to remove residue from
the paint finish. Approved cleaning
products can be obtained from
your dealer/retailer.
If the vehicle has a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish, the
clearcoat gives more depth and
gloss to the colored basecoat.
Always use waxes and polishes that
are non-abrasive and made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding
or aggressive polishing on a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish
may damage it. Use only
non-abrasive waxes and polishes
that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on
the vehicle.
Service and Appearance Care
Foreign materials such as calcium
chloride and other salts, ice
melting agents, road oil and tar, tree
sap, bird droppings, chemicals
from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage the vehicle’s finish if
they remain on painted surfaces.
Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are
marked safe for painted surfaces to
remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are
subject to aging, weather and
chemical fallout that can take their
toll over a period of years. To
help keep the paint finish looking
new, keep the vehicle garaged
or covered whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal
Parts
Bright metal parts should be
cleaned regularly to keep their
luster. Washing with water is all that
is usually needed. However,
chrome polish may be used on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if
necessary.
Use special care with aluminum
trim. To avoid damaging protective
trim, never use auto or chrome
polish, steam or caustic soap
to clean aluminum. A coating of
wax, rubbed to high polish, is
recommended for all bright metal
parts.
5-71
Windshield and Wiper
Blades
Clean the outside of the windshield
with glass cleaner.
Clean the rubber blades using a lint
free cloth or paper towel soaked
with windshield washer fluid
or a mild detergent. Wash the
windshield thoroughly when cleaning
the blades. Bugs, road grime,
sap, and a buildup of vehicle
wash/wax treatments may cause
wiper streaking. Replace the
wiper blades if they are worn or
damaged.
Wipers can be damaged by:
•
•
•
•
Extreme dusty conditions
Sand and salt
Heat and sun
Snow and ice, without proper
removal
5-72
Service and Appearance Care
Aluminum Wheels
Notice: Chrome wheels and
other chrome trim may be
damaged if the vehicle is not
washed after driving on roads
that have been sprayed with
magnesium, calcium or sodium
chloride. These chlorides are
used on roads for conditions
such as ice and dust. Always
wash the vehicle’s chrome with
soap and water after exposure.
Notice: Using strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes,
cleaners, brushes, or cleaners that
contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, could
damage the surface of the
wheel(s). The repairs would not be
covered by the warranty. Use only
approved cleaners on aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft
clean cloth with mild soap and
water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft
clean towel. A wax may then
be applied.
Notice: Using chrome polish on
aluminum wheels could damage
the wheels. The repairs would not
be covered by the warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome
wheels only.
The surface of these wheels is
similar to the painted surface of the
vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes,
abrasive cleaners, cleaners with
acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes
on them because the surface
could be damaged. Do not use
chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Notice: Driving the vehicle
through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire
cleaning brushes, could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels. The repairs would not be
covered by the warranty. Never
drive a vehicle equipped with
aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels through an automatic car
wash that uses silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes.
Tires
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush
with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based
tire dressing products on the
vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying
a tire dressing, always wipe off
any overspray from all painted
surfaces on the vehicle.
Service and Appearance Care
5-73
Sheet Metal Damage
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
If the vehicle is damaged and
requires sheet metal repair or
replacement, make sure the body
repair shop applies anti-corrosion
material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Chemicals used for ice and
snow removal and dust control can
collect on the underbody. If these
are not removed, corrosion and rust
can develop on the underbody
parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan, and exhaust system even
though they have corrosion
protection.
Some weather and atmospheric
conditions can create a chemical
fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces
on the vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped
discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
At least every spring, flush these
materials from the underbody
with plain water. Clean any areas
where mud and debris can collect.
Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before
being flushed. Your dealer/retailer
or an underbody car washing
system can do this.
Although no defect in the paint job
causes this, we will repair, at no
charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this
fallout condition within 12 months or
12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
Original manufacturer replacement
parts will provide the corrosion
protection while maintaining
the vehicle warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep
scratches in the finish should
be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may
develop into major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be
repaired with touch-up materials
available from your dealer/retailer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be
corrected in your dealer’s/retailer’s
body and paint shop.
5-74
Service and Appearance Care
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN)
Service Parts
Identification Label
This label is on the inside of the
glove box. It is very helpful if parts
need to be ordered. The label
has the following information:
• Vehicle Identification
This is the legal identifier for the
vehicle. It appears on a plate in
the front corner of the instrument
panel, on the driver side. It can
be seen through the windshield from
outside the vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification
and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in the VIN is
the engine code. This code
helps identify the vehicle’s engine,
specifications, and replacement
parts. See “Engine Specifications”
under Capacities and Specifications
on page 5-81 for the vehicle’s
engine code.
Number (VIN)
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special
equipment
Do not remove this label from the
vehicle.
Electrical System
Intermediate Voltage
Devices and Wiring
{ CAUTION
Exposure to intermediate voltage
can cause shock and burns. The
intermediate voltage systems in
the vehicle can only be serviced by
technicians with special training.
Intermediate voltage devices are
identified by labels. Do not
remove, open, take apart, or
modify these devices. Intermediate
voltage cable or wiring has blue
covering. Do not probe, tamper
with, cut, or modify intermediate
voltage cable or wiring.
Service and Appearance Care
Add-On Electrical
Equipment
Notice: Do not add anything
electrical to the vehicle unless
you check with your
dealer/retailer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage
the vehicle and the damage
would not be covered by the
vehicle’s warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep
other components from working
as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain the
vehicle’s battery, even if the vehicle
is not operating.
The vehicle has an airbag system.
Before attempting to add anything
electrical to the vehicle, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 1-54.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is
protected by a circuit breaker and a
fuse. If the motor overheats due
to heavy snow or ice, the wiper will
stop until the motor cools. If the
overload is caused by some
electrical problem, have it fixed.
Power Windows and
Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse block
protect the power windows and
other power accessories. When the
current load is too heavy, the
circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed or goes away.
5-75
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle
are protected from short circuits by
fuses. This greatly reduces the
chance of circuit overload and fire
caused by electrical problems.
There are three fuse blocks - the
main underhood fuse block,
the auxiliary hybrid underhood fuse
block and the instrument panel
fuse block.
To identify and check fuses and
relays, refer to the Fuse Usage
Chart on the inside surface of the
fuse panel door.
5-76
Service and Appearance Care
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block
The instrument panel fuse block is
located on the passenger side
of the lower console.
Pull the latch of the fuse box cover
straight back to access the
fuses.
Fuses
PWR SEAT
PASS
P/WIN
DRIV
P/WIN
S/ROOF
CIGAR
Usage
Power Seat
Passenger Side
Power Window
Driver Side Power
Window
Sunroof Module
Cigarette Lighter
Fuses
ECM/TCM
FSCM
Usage
Engine Control
Module
(ECM)/Transmission
Control Module
(TCM)
Fuel Storage Control
Module
Service and Appearance Care
Fuses
Usage
Inside
Rearview
ISRVM
Mirror
Instrument Panel
CLUSTER Cluster
AIR BAG Airbag System
Outside Rearview
OSRVM
Mirror
Capture
KEY CAP Key
Solenoid
Wheel
WHL S/W Steering
Switch
Driver Door
F/DR LCK Front
Lock
Accessory Power
APO2
Outlet 2
Body Control
BCM (VB3) Module (BCM)
(VB3)
DR LCK
Door Lock
Body
Control
BCM (VB6)
Module (VB6)
Control
BCM (VB4) Body
Module (VB4)
Fuses
BCM (VB5)
TRL
AIRCON
AUDIO
BCM (VB7)
IGN SW
AIR BAG
WASHER
APO1
FSCM
RR CLR
BCM (VB2)
DRL
BCM (VB1)
ONSTAR
Usage
Body Control
Module (VB5)
Trailer
Air Conditioner
Audio
Body Control
Module (VB7)
Ignition Switch
Air Bag System
Washer Pump
Accessory Power
Outlet 1
Fuel Storage Control
Module
Rear Closure
Body Control
Module (VB2)
Daytime Running
Light
Body Control
Module (VB1)
OnStar®
Relays
RELAY
ACC/RAP
RELAY
RUN/C
RANK
5-77
Usage
Accessory, Retained
Accessory Power
(RAP) Relay
Run/Crank Relay
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located
on the driver side of the engine
compartment, near the battery.
Notice: Spilling liquid on
any electrical components on the
vehicle may damage it. Always
keep the covers on any electrical
component.
5-78
Service and Appearance Care
Fuses
ECM
ENG-3
ENG-2
ENG-1
HYBRID
BEC
RUN
S/ROOF
HTD/SEAT
BCM
Fuses
Usage
FAN MAIN Cooling Fan Main
REAR/WPR Rear Wiper Motor
FAN AUX Cooling Fan
Auxiliary
Fuses
Usage
Engine Control
Module/Transmission
Control
ECM/TCM/ Module/Serial Data
SGCM
Gateway
Communication
Module
STRTR
WPR
4WD/ESCM
ABS
A/C CLTCH
BLWR MTR
Usage
Engine Control
Module
Engine 3
Engine 2
Engine 1
Hybrid BEC
Run
Sunroof Module
Heated Seat Control
Module
Body Control
Module
Starter Motor
Windshield Wiper
All-Wheel Drive
System
Antilock Brake
System Module
Air Conditioning
Compressor
Blower Motor
Service and Appearance Care
Fuses
AMP
HORN
Usage
Amplifier
Horn
Antilock Brake
ABS
System Module
Instrument Panel
I/P BEC
Bussed Electrical
Center
FRT FOG Front Fog Lamps
Instrument Panel
I/P BEC
Bussed Electrical
Center
Daytime Running
DRL
Light
Turn and
T/LAMP RT Right
Parking Lamps
Turn and
T/LAMP LT Left
Parking Lamps
TRLR
Trailer Parking
T/LAMP
Lamps
Passenger Side
HDLP HI LT High-Beam
Headlamp
STOP LP Stoplamps
DEFOG
Defroster Fog
Fuses
HDLP
LO RT
HDLP
LO LT
HDLP
HI RT
OSRVM
HTR
Relays
FAN MAIN
RLY
FAN CTRL
RLY
FAN AUX
RLY
PWR/TRN
RLY
Usage
Driver Side
Low-Beam
Headlamp
Passenger Side
Low-Beam
Headlamp
Driver Side
High-Beam
Headlamp
Outside Rearview
Mirror Heating
Usage
Cooling Fan Main
Relay
Cooling Fan Control
Relay
Cooling Fan
Auxiliary Relay
Engine Control
Module/CAM,
Canister, Injectors,
Electronic Throttle
Control Relay
Relays
STRTR
RLY
RUN RLY
A/C CLTCH
RLY
WPR SPD
RLY
HORN RLY
WPR
CNTRL
RLY
T/LAMP
RLY
HDLP
HI RLY
HDLP
LO RLY
FRT FOG
RLY
STOP
LP RLY
DEFOG
RLY
5-79
Usage
Starter Relay
Run Relay
Air Conditioning
Compressor Relay
Windshield Wiper
Speed Relay
Horn Relay
Windshield Wiper
Control Relay
Parking Lamp Relay
High-Beam
Headlamp Relay
Low-Beam
Headlamp Relay
Front Foglamp
Relay
Stoplamp Relay
Defogger Relay
5-80
Service and Appearance Care
Fuses
HYBRID
PUMPS
HILL HOLD
VLVS
Usage
Hybrid Pumps
Hill Hold Valves
Auxiliary
AUX
TRANSPUMP Transmission
Pump
Relays
HILL HOLD
VLVS
Usage
Hill Hold Valves
Auxiliary
AUX
TRANSPUMP Transmission
Pump
Service and Appearance Care
5-81
Capacities and Specifications
Capacities
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
under the hood. See your retailer for more
information.
Cooling System
9.5 qt
9.0 L
Engine Oil with Filter
5.0 qt
4.7 L
Fuel Tank
18.0 gal
68.1 L
Transmission (Bottom Pan Removal)
6.9 qt
6.5 L
Wheel Nut Torque
100 ft lb
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Application
Engine Specifications
Engine
2.4L L4 Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
Z
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
5-82
Service and Appearance Care
✍ NOTES
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance
Schedule
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction .........................6-1
Maintenance
Requirements ....................6-1
Your Vehicle and the
Environment ......................6-2
Using the Maintenance
Schedule ...........................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ......6-3
Additional Required
Services ............................6-5
Maintenance Footnotes .......6-7
Owner Checks and
Services ............................6-8
At Each Fuel Fill ................6-8
At Least Once a Month ......6-9
At Least Once a Year ........6-9
Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants ................6-11
Maintenance
Replacement Parts ..........6-12
Engine Drive Belt
Routing ...........................6-13
Maintenance Record .........6-14
6-1
Maintenance
Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the
proper level and change as
recommended.
Maintenance
Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals,
checks, inspections, replacement
parts, and recommended fluids
and lubricants as prescribed
in this manual are necessary to
keep this vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused
by failure to follow scheduled
maintenance might not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
6-2
Maintenance Schedule
Your Vehicle and the
Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only
helps to keep the vehicle in good
working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper
vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we
breathe. Improper fluid levels or the
wrong tire inflation can increase
the level of emissions from the
vehicle. To help protect the
environment, and to keep the
vehicle in good condition, be sure to
maintain the vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance
Schedule
We want to help keep this vehicle in
good working condition. But we
do not know exactly how you
will drive it. You might drive very
short distances only a few times a
week. Or you might drive long
distances all the time in very hot,
dusty weather. You might use
the vehicle in making deliveries. Or
you might drive it to work, to do
errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different
ways people use their vehicles,
maintenance needs vary. You might
need more frequent checks and
replacements. So please read the
following and note how you
drive. If you have any questions on
how to keep the vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer/retailer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo
within recommended limits on the
Tire and Loading Information
label. See Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-18.
• are driven on reasonable road
surfaces within legal driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-5.
The services in Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-3 should be
performed when indicated. See
Additional Required Services
on page 6-5 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further
information.
{ CAUTION
Performing maintenance work on
a vehicle can be dangerous. In
trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you
have the required know-how and
the proper tools and equipment
for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your dealer/retailer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
See Doing Your Own Service
Work on page 5-4.
Some maintenance services can be
complex. So, unless you are
technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, have
your dealer/retailer do these jobs.
Maintenance Schedule
When you go to your dealer/retailer
for service, trained and supported
service technicians will perform
the work using genuine parts.
To purchase service information,
see Service Publications Ordering
Information on page 7-13.
Owner Checks and Services on
page 6-8 tells what should be
checked, when to check it, and what
can easily be done to help keep
the vehicle in good condition.
The proper replacement parts,
fluids, and lubricants to use
are listed in Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-11
and Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-12. When the
vehicle is serviced, make sure these
are used. All parts should be
replaced and all necessary repairs
done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend
the use of genuine parts from
your dealer/retailer.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the Change Engine Oil
light displays, service is required for
the vehicle. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon as possible within
the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It
is possible that, if driving under the
best conditions, the engine oil
life system may not indicate that
vehicle service is necessary for over
a year. However, the engine oil
and filter must be changed at least
once a year and at this time the
system must be reset. Your
dealer/retailer has trained service
technicians who will perform
this work using genuine parts and
reset the system.
6-3
If the engine oil life system is ever
reset accidentally, service the
vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since the last service.
Remember to reset the oil life
system whenever the oil is changed.
See Engine Oil Life System on
page 5-14 for information on
the Engine Oil Life System and
resetting the system.
When the Change Engine Oil light
appears, certain services, checks,
and inspections are required.
Required services are described in
the following for “Maintenance I”
and “Maintenance II.” Generally, it is
recommended that the first service
be Maintenance I, the second
service be Maintenance II, and then
alternate Maintenance I and
Maintenance II thereafter. However,
in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
6-4
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance I — Use
Maintenance I if the Change Engine
Oil light displays within 10 months
since the vehicle was purchased or
Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use
Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was
Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the light
displays 10 months or more since
the last service or if the light has not
come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 5-11. Reset oil life
system. See Engine Oil Life System on page 5-14. An Emission Control
Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-15. See footnote (l).
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 5-50 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month
on page 6-9.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services”
in this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Maintenance Schedule
6-5
Scheduled Maintenance (cont’d)
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (k).
•
Inspect throttle system. See footnote (g).
•
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-15.
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
(severe service). See footnote (h).
•
•
•
6-6
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
Change automatic transmission fluid
(normal service).
•
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
•
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Engine cooling system service
(or every five years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service. See
footnote (m).
•
Vehicles with DOT-4 brake fluid
only: Change brake hydraulic fluid at
a regular maintenance service every
two years. See footnote (n).
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Footnotes
(a) Visually inspect brake lines
and hoses for proper hook-up,
binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Inspect disc brake pads for wear
and rotors for surface condition.
Inspect other brake parts, including
calipers, parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear
suspension and steering system for
damaged, loose, or missing parts
or signs of wear.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have
them replaced if they are cracked,
swollen, or deteriorated. Inspect
all pipes, fittings, and clamps;
replace with genuine parts as
needed. To help ensure proper
operation, a pressure test of
the cooling system and pressure
cap and cleaning the outside of the
radiator and air conditioning
condenser is recommended at least
once a year.
(d) Inspect wiper blades for wear,
cracking, or contamination.
Clean the windshield and wiper
blades, if contaminated. Replace
wiper blades that are worn or
damaged. See Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement on page 5-38
and Windshield and Wiper
Blades on page 5-71 for more
information.
(e) Make sure the safety belt
reminder light and safety belt
assemblies are working properly.
Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts.
If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired. Have any
torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also see Checking the Restraint
Systems on page 1-56.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders,
door hinges and latches, hood
hinges and latches, glove box
hinges, sunroof (if equipped), and
any folding seat hardware. More
frequent lubrication may be required
when exposed to a corrosive
6-7
environment. Applying silicone
grease on weatherstrips with a clean
cloth will make them last longer,
seal better, and not stick or squeak.
(g) Check system for interference
or binding and for damaged or
missing parts. Replace parts
as needed. Replace any
components that have high effort or
excessive wear.
(h) Severe service is when the
vehicle is mainly driven under one
or more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the
outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer
towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi,
police, or delivery service.
(i) Drain, flush, and refill cooling
system. This service can be
complex; you should have your
dealer/retailer perform this service.
6-8
Maintenance Schedule
See Engine Coolant on page 5-20
for what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean
radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and filler neck. Pressure test the
cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system
could indicate a problem. Have
the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add
fluid if needed.
(k) Or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first. If driving regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may
require replacement more often.
(l) If driving regularly under dusty
conditions, inspect the filter at each
engine oil change.
(m) Visually inspect belt for fraying,
excessive cracks, or obvious
damage. Replace belt if necessary.
(n) Vehicles using DOT-4 brake
fluid only: Drain, flush, and
refill brake hydraulic system at a
regular maintenance service (I or II)
every two years. This service can
be complex; you should have
your dealer/retailer perform this
service. See Brakes on page 5-25
and Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11.
Owner Checks and
Services
These owner checks and services
should be performed at the intervals
specified to help ensure vehicle
safety, dependability, and emission
control performance. Your dealer/
retailer can assist with these checks
and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once. Whenever
any fluids or lubricants are added to
the vehicle, make sure they are
the proper ones, as shown in
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these
underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Notice: It is important to check
the engine oil regularly and
keep it at the proper level. Failure
to keep the engine oil at the
proper level can cause damage to
the engine not covered by the
vehicle warranty.
Check the engine oil level and add
the proper oil if necessary. See
Engine Oil on page 5-11.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level
and add DEX-COOL® coolant
mixture if necessary. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-20.
Maintenance Schedule
Windshield Washer Fluid
Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid
level in the windshield washer
fluid reservoir and add the proper
fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inspection and Inflation
Check
Inspect the vehicle’s tires for wear
and make sure they are inflated
to the correct pressures. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-43.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{ CAUTION
When you are doing this
inspection, the vehicle could move
suddenly. If the vehicle moves,
you or others could be injured.
6-9
Automatic Transmission Shift
Lock Control System Check
{ CAUTION
When you are doing this
inspection, the vehicle could move
suddenly. If the vehicle moves,
you or others could be injured.
1. Before starting this check, be
sure there is enough room
around the vehicle.
1. Before starting this check, be
sure there is enough room
around the vehicle. It should be
parked on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply both the parking
brake and the regular brake.
See Parking Brake on page 2-22.
Do not use the accelerator
pedal, and be ready to turn off
the engine immediately if it starts.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake.
See Parking Brake on page 2-22.
Be ready to apply the regular
brake immediately if the vehicle
begins to move.
3. Try to start the engine in
each gear. The vehicle should
start only in P (Park) or
N (Neutral). If the vehicle starts
in any other position, contact
your dealer/retailer for service.
3. With the engine off, turn the
ignition to ON/RUN, but do
not start the engine. Without
applying the regular brake, try to
move the shift lever out of
P (Park) with normal effort. If the
6-10
Maintenance Schedule
shift lever moves out of P (Park),
contact your dealer/retailer for
service.
Ignition Transmission Lock
Check
While parked, and with the parking
brake set, try to turn the ignition
to LOCK/OFF in each shift
lever position.
• The ignition should turn to
LOCK/OFF only when the
shift lever is in P (Park).
• The ignition key should come out
only in LOCK/OFF.
Contact your dealer/retailer if
service is required.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission P (Park)
Mechanism Check
{ CAUTION
When you are doing this check,
the vehicle could begin to move.
You or others could be injured
and property could be damaged.
Make sure there is room in front
of the vehicle in case it begins to
roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the
vehicle facing downhill. Keeping
your foot on the regular brake, set
the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s
holding ability: With the engine
running and the transmission in
N (Neutral), slowly remove foot
pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
• To check the P (Park)
mechanism’s holding ability: With
the engine running, shift to
P (Park). Then release the
parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your dealer/retailer if
service is required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain
water to flush any corrosive
materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any
areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit
Check the sealant expiration date
printed on the instruction label of the
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
at least once a year. See your
dealer/retailer for a replacement
canister.
Maintenance Schedule
6-11
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your
dealer/retailer.
Usage
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic Brake System
Windshield Washer
Parking Brake Cable Guides
Automatic Transmission
Key Lock Cylinders
Hood Latch Assembly, Secondary
Latch, Pivots, Spring Anchor, and
Release Pawl
Hood, Liftgate Door, and Rear
Folding Seat Hinges
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM Standard GM6094M and displays the
American Petroleum Institute Certified for Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol. To determine the proper viscosity for your vehicle’s engine, see
Engine Oil on page 5-11.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and use only DEX-COOL®
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on page 5-20.
Vehicles with DOT-3 brake fluid only: Delco® Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Vehicles with DOT-4 brake fluid only: DOT-4 Brake Fluid (GM Part
No. U.S. 88862828, in Canada 88862829).
Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No. 12377985, in Canada 88901242) or
lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
DEXRON®-VI Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol (Saturn Part No. 21038869 or GM Part No.
U.S. 12346293, in Canada 992723) or lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
6-12
Maintenance Schedule
Usage
Sunroof Track
Weatherstrip Conditioning
Fluid/Lubricant
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol (Saturn Part No. 21038869 or GM Part
No. U.S. 12346293, in Canada 992723) or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Weatherstrip Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S. 3634770, in Canada 10953518)
or Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your retailer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element
Spark Plugs
Wiper Blades
Driver Side – 24 in (60.0 cm)
Passenger Side – 16 in (40.0 cm)
Rear – 12.0 in (30.0 cm)
GM Part Number
96815102
12605566
19130294
12625058
ACDelco Part Number
—
PF457G
—
41-103
25925618
25925620
96624648
—
—
—
Maintenance Schedule
Engine Drive Belt
Routing
The engine drive belt on this hybrid
vehicle is under a higher tension
than the engine drive belt on
a non-hybrid vehicle and requires a
special tool to service. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
6-13
6-14
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service, and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-1. Any additional
information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 can be added on the following record pages. You should
retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-15
6-16
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Customer Assistance Information
Customer
Assistance
Information
Customer Assistance
and Information
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure .........................7-1
Online Owner Center ..........7-4
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY)
Users ................................7-4
Customer Assistance
Offices ..............................7-5
GM Mobility
Reimbursement Program ...7-5
Roadside Assistance
Program ............................7-5
Scheduling Service
Appointments ....................7-7
Courtesy Transportation ......7-8
Collision Damage Repair ....7-9
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects
to the United States
Government ....................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects
to the Canadian
Government ....................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects
to Saturn .........................7-13
Service Publications
Ordering Information ........7-13
Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy
Vehicle Data Recording
and Privacy .....................7-14
Event Data Recorders .......7-14
OnStar® ............................7-15
Navigation System ............7-15
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID) .........7-15
7-1
Customer Assistance
and Information
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are
important to your retailer and to
Saturn. Together we are committed
to providing our customers with
unparalleled service, before, during,
and after the purchase of a
Saturn vehicle, for total customer
satisfaction. We call this the Saturn
Difference. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the
operation of the vehicle are resolved
by the retailer’s sales or service
departments. If, for any reason, your
ownership experience falls below
your expectations, we suggest
you take the following action:
STEP ONE: Contact the Retail
Customer Assistance Liaison. Any
member of the retail management
team has the authority and the
desire to resolve your concerns.
7-2
Customer Assistance Information
Normally, concerns can be quickly
resolved at this level.
STEP TWO: Should you need
additional assistance, in the U.S.,
contact the Saturn Customer
Assistance Center by calling
1-800-553-6000. In Canada, call the
Saturn Customer Communication
Centre at 1-800-263-1999. A Saturn
Customer Assistance Center team
member will handle your call and
assist in providing product and
warranty information, the nearest
retailer location, roadside assistance,
brochures, literature and discuss any
concerns you may have.
We encourage you to call the toll-free
number in order to give your inquiry
prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to
give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). This 17-digit number can
be found on the vehicle
registration or title, on the upper
driver side corner of the
instrument panel, or on your
roadside assistance key card.
• The name of your selling and
servicing retail facility.
• Vehicle delivery date and present
mileage.
• Your daytime and evening phone
numbers.
When contacting Saturn, please
remember that your concern
will likely be resolved at a retailer’s
facility. That is why we suggest
you follow Step One first.
STEP THREE (U.S. Owners): Both
Saturn and its retailers are
committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your Saturn
vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following
the procedure outlined in Steps
One and Two, Saturn and its
retailers offer the additional
assistance of a neutral party
through our voluntary participation in
a mediation/arbitration program
called Better Business Bureau
(BBB) Auto Line.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an
out-of-court program administered
by the Council of Better Business
Bureaus to settle automotive
disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. This
program is available at no cost to
you, our customer.
Although you may be required to
resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a
court action, use of the program
is free of charge and your case is
generally heard within 40 days.
If you do not agree with the decision
given in your case, you can reject
it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
Customer Assistance Information
Contact the BBB Auto Line Program
by using the toll-free telephone
number or by writing them at
the following address:
STEP THREE (Canadian Owners):
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business
Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
dr.bbb.org/goauto
In the event that you do not feel
your concerns have been addressed
after following the procedure
outlined in Steps 1 and 2, General
Motors of Canada Limited has
committed to binding arbitration of
owner disputes involving
factory-related vehicle service
claims. The program provides for
the review of the facts involved
by an impartial third party arbiter,
and may include an informal hearing
before the arbiter. The program is
designed so that the entire
dispute settlement process, from the
time you file your complaint to the
final decision, should be completed
in approximately 70 days. We
believe our impartial program offers
advantages over courts in most
jurisdictions because it is informal,
quick, and free of charge.
This program is available in all
50 states and the District of
Columbia. Eligibility is limited by
vehicle age, mileage and other
factors. Saturn Corporation reserves
the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or discontinue its
participation in this program.
General Motors Participation in
the Mediation/Arbitration Program
7-3
For further information concerning
eligibility in the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP),
call toll-free 1-800-207-0685.
Alternatively, you may call the
Saturn Customer Communication
Centre, 1-800-263-1999, or you may
write to:
Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication
Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
Your inquiry should be accompanied
by the Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN).
7-4
Customer Assistance Information
Online Owner Center
Online Owner Center (U.S.) —
www.gmownercenter.com/
saturn
Information and services customized
for your specific vehicle — all in
one convenient place.
• Digital owner manual, warranty
information, and more
• Online service and maintenance
records
• Find Saturn retailers for service
nationwide
• Exclusive privileges and offers
• Recall notices for your specific
vehicle
• OnStar® and GM Cardmember
Services Earnings summaries
Other Helpful Links:
Saturn − www.saturn.com
Saturn Merchandise —
www.saturncollection.com
Help Center —
www.saturn.com/helpcenter
• FAQ
• Contact Us
My GM Canada (Canada) —
www.gm.ca
My GM Canada is a
password-protected section of
www.gm.ca where you can save
information on GM vehicles, get
personalized offers, and use handy
tools and forms with greater ease.
Here are a few of the valuable tools
and services you will have access to:
• My Showroom: Find and save
information on vehicles and
current offers in your area.
• My Dealers/Retailers: Save
details such as address and
phone number for each of your
preferred GM dealers/retailers.
• My Driveway: Access quick links
to parts and service estimates,
check trade-in values, or schedule
a service appointment by adding
the vehicles you own to your
driveway profile.
• My Preferences: Manage your
profile and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
To sign up, visit the My GM Canada
section within www.gm.ca.
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY)
Users
To assist owners who have hearing
difficulties, Saturn has installed
special TDD (Telecommunication
Devices for the Deaf) equipment in
its Saturn Customer Assistance
Center.
Any hearing or speech-impaired
customer who has access to a TDD
or to a conventional Text Telephone
(TTY) can communicate with
Saturn by dialing 1-800-TDD-6000.
TTY users in Canada may dial
1-800-263-3830.
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance
Offices
Saturn encourages customers to
call the toll-free number for
assistance. If a customer wishes to
write to Saturn, the letter should
be addressed to:
Saturn Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33173
Detroit, MI 48232-5173
1-800-553-6000
1-800-833-6000 (For Text
Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance:
1-800-553-6000
In Canada, write to:
Saturn Customer Communication
Centre
General Motors of Canada Ltd.
CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
GMcanada.com
1-800-263-1999
1-800-263-3830 (For Text
Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance:
1-800-268-6800
GM Mobility
Reimbursement Program
This program, available to qualified
applicants, can reimburse you up to
$1,000 toward eligible aftermarket
driver or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require for your
vehicle such as hand controls,
wheelchair/scooter lifts, etc.
7-5
In Canada, customers may call the
Saturn Customer Communication
Centre at 1-800-263-1999. TTY
users in Canada may call
1-800-263-3830.
Roadside Assistance
Program
For U.S. purchased vehicles, call
1-800-553-6000; (Text Telephone
(TTY): 1-800-889-2438).
For Canadian purchased vehicles,
call 1-800-268-6800.
The offer is available for a limited
period of time from the date of
vehicle purchase/lease.
Service is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year.
For more details, or to determine
your vehicle’s eligibility, visit
your Saturn retailer or call the
Saturn Customer Assistance Center
at 1-800-553-6000. Text telephone
(TTY) users, call 1-800-833-6000.
Calling for Assistance
When calling Roadside Assistance,
have the following information
ready:
• Your name, home address, and
home telephone number
• Telephone number of your
location
• Location of the vehicle
7-6
Customer Assistance Information
• Model, year, color, and license
plate number of the vehicle
• Odometer reading, Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN), and
delivery date of the vehicle
• Description of the problem
Coverage
Services are provided up to 5 years/
100,000 miles (160 000 km),
whichever comes first.
In the U.S., anyone driving the
vehicle is covered. In Canada, a
person driving the vehicle without
permission from the owner is
not covered.
Roadside Assistance is not a part of
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Saturn and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to
make any changes or discontinue
the Roadside Assistance program at
any time without notification.
Saturn and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to
limit services or payment to an
owner or driver if they decide the
claims are made too often, or
the same type of claim is made
many times.
Services Provided
• Emergency Fuel Delivery:
Delivery of enough fuel for
the vehicle to get to the nearest
service station.
• Lock-Out Service: Service is
provided to unlock the vehicle
if you are locked out. A remote
unlock may be available if
you have OnStar®. For security
reasons, the driver must
present identification before this
service is given.
• Emergency Tow From a Public
Road or Highway: Tow to the
nearest Saturn retailer for
warranty service, or if the vehicle
was in a crash and cannot be
driven. Assistance is also
given when the vehicle is stuck
in sand, mud, or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: Service is
provided to change a flat tire
with the spare tire. The spare tire,
if equipped, must be in good
condition and properly inflated. It
is the owner’s responsibility
for the repair or replacement of
the tire if it is not covered by
the warranty.
• Battery Jump Start: Service is
provided to jump start a dead
battery.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and
Assistance: If your trip is
interrupted due to a warranty
failure, incidental expenses may
be reimbursed during the 5 years/
100,000 miles (160 000 km)
Powertrain warranty period. Items
considered are hotel, meals, and
rental car.
Services Not Included in
Roadside Assistance
• Impound towing caused by
violation of any laws.
• Legal fines.
Customer Assistance Information
• Mounting, dismounting or
changing of snow tires, chains,
or other traction devices.
• Towing or services for vehicles
driven on a non-public road or
highway.
Services Specific to Canadian
Purchased Vehicles
• Fuel delivery: Reimbursement is
approximately $5 Canadian.
Diesel fuel delivery may
be restricted. Propane and other
fuels are not provided through
this service.
• Lock-Out Service: Vehicle
registration is required.
• Trip Routing Service: Detailed
maps of North America are
provided when requested either
with the most direct route or
the most scenic route. There is a
limit of six requests per year.
Additional travel information
is also available. Allow three
weeks for delivery.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and
Assistance: Must be over
250 kilometres from where
your trip was started to
qualify. General Motors of
Canada Limited requires
pre-authorization, original
detailed receipts, and a copy
of the repair orders. Once
authorization has been received,
the Roadside Assistance
advisor will help you make
arrangements and explain how
to receive payment.
• Alternative Service: If
assistance cannot be provided
right away, the Roadside
Assistance advisor may give
you permission to get local
emergency road service. You will
receive payment, up to $100,
after sending the original receipt
to Roadside Assistance.
Mechanical failures may be
covered, however any cost for
parts and labor for repairs
not covered by the warranty are
the owner responsibility.
7-7
Scheduling Service
Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty
service, contact your dealer/retailer
and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant
of your transportation needs, your
dealer/retailer can help minimize
your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled
into the service department
immediately, keep driving it until it
can be scheduled for service,
unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please
call your dealership/retailer, let them
know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer/retailer requests
you to bring the vehicle for service,
you are urged to do so as early
in the work day as possible to allow
for the same day repair.
7-8
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating
retailers are proud to offer Courtesy
Transportation, a customer
support program for vehicles with
the Bumper to Bumper (Base
Warranty Coverage period in
Canada), extended powertrain, and
hybrid specific warranties in both
the U.S. and Canada.
Warranty service can generally be
completed while you wait. However,
if you are unable to wait, Saturn
helps to minimize your
inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending
on the circumstances, your
retailer can offer you one of the
following:
Several courtesy transportation
options are available to assist
in reducing your inconvenience
when warranty repairs are required.
Shuttle service is the preferred
means of offering Courtesy
Transportation. Retailers may
provide you with shuttle service to
get you to your destination with
minimal interruption of your daily
schedule. This includes one-way or
round trip shuttle service within
reasonable time and distance
parameters of the retailer’s area.
Courtesy Transportation is not a
part of the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. A separate booklet
entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished
with each new vehicle provides
detailed warranty coverage
information.
Shuttle Service
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight
warranty repairs, and public
transportation is used instead of the
retailer’s shuttle service, the
expense must be supported by
original receipts and can only be up
to the maximum amount allowed
by Saturn for shuttle service.
In addition, for U.S. customers,
should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative,
limited reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses may be
available. Claim amounts should
reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts. See
your retailer for information
regarding the allowance amounts for
reimbursement of fuel or other
transportation costs.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your retailer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or
reimburse you for a rental vehicle
that you obtain if your vehicle is kept
for an overnight warranty repair.
Rental reimbursement will be limited
and must be supported by original
receipts. This requires that you sign
and complete a rental agreement
Customer Assistance Information
and meet state/ provincial, local, and
rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include
minimum age requirements,
insurance coverage, credit card,
etc. You are responsible for fuel
usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage
fees, excessive mileage, or rental
usage beyond the completion of the
repair.
It may not be possible to provide a
like-vehicle as a courtesy rental.
Additional Program
Information
All program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at
every retailer. Please contact your
retailer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy
Transportation arrangements will be
administered by appropriate
retailer personnel.
Saturn reserves the right to
unilaterally modify, change or
discontinue Courtesy Transportation
at any time and to resolve all
questions of claim eligibility pursuant
to the terms and conditions
described herein at its sole
discretion.
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a
collision and it is damaged, have
the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper
equipment and quality replacement
parts. Poorly performed collision
repairs diminish your vehicle’s
resale value, and safety
performance can be compromised
in subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new
parts made with the same materials
and construction methods as the
parts with which your vehicle
was originally built. Genuine GM
Collision parts are your best choice
to ensure that your vehicle’s
designed appearance, durability,
and safety are preserved. The use
7-9
of Genuine GM parts can help
maintain your GM New Vehicle
Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts
may also be used for repair.
These parts are typically removed
from vehicles that were total
losses in prior crashes. In most
cases, the parts being recycled are
from undamaged sections of the
vehicle. A recycled original
equipment GM part, may be an
acceptable choice to maintain your
vehicle’s originally designed
appearance and safety performance,
however, the history of these
parts is not known. Such parts are
not covered by your GM New
Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered
by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also
available. These are made by
companies other than GM and may
not have been tested for your
vehicle. As a result, these parts may
fit poorly, exhibit premature
durability/corrosion problems, and
7-10
Customer Assistance Information
may not perform properly in
subsequent collisions. Aftermarket
parts are not covered by your
GM New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
and any vehicle failure related to
such parts are not covered by
that warranty.
Repair Facility
We recommend that you choose a
collision repair facility that meets
your needs before you ever
need collision repairs. Your
dealer/retailer may have a collision
repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art
equipment, or be able to
recommend a collision repair center
that has GM-trained technicians
and comparable equipment.
Insuring Your Vehicle
Protect your investment in your GM
vehicle with comprehensive and
collision insurance coverage. There
are significant differences in the
quality of coverage afforded
by various insurance policy terms.
Many insurance policies provide
reduced protection to your GM
vehicle by limiting compensation for
damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some
insurance companies will not specify
aftermarket collision parts. When
purchasing insurance, we
recommend that you assure your
vehicle will be repaired with
GM original equipment collision
parts. If such insurance coverage is
not available from your current
insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing
company may require you to
have insurance that assures repairs
with Genuine GM Original
Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)
parts or Genuine Manufacturer
replacement parts. Read your lease
carefully, as you may be charged
at the end of your lease for
poor quality repairs.
If a Crash Occurs
Here is what to do if you are
involved in a crash.
• Check to make sure that you are
all right. If you are uninjured,
make sure that no one else in
your vehicle, or the other vehicle,
is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call
emergency services for help.
Do not leave the scene of a crash
until all matters have been
taken care of. Move your vehicle
only if its position puts you in
danger or you are instructed to
move it by a police officer.
• Give only the necessary and
requested information to
police and other parties involved
in the crash. Do not discuss
your personal condition, mental
frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the crash. This will
help guard against post-crash
legal action.
Customer Assistance Information
• If you need roadside assistance,
call GM Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Assistance
Program on page 7-5 for more
information.
• If your vehicle cannot be driven,
know where the towing service
will be taking it. Get a card
from the tow truck operator or
write down the driver’s name, the
service’s name, and the phone
number.
• Remove any valuables from your
vehicle before it is towed away.
Make sure this includes your
insurance information and
registration if you keep these
items in your vehicle.
• Gather the important information
you will need from the other
driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s
license number, vehicle license
plate, vehicle make, model
and model year, Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN),
insurance company and policy
number, and a general
description of the damage to the
other vehicle.
• If possible, call your insurance
company from the scene of
the crash. They will walk
you through the information they
will need. If they ask for a
police report, phone or go to the
police department headquarters
the next day and you can get
a copy of the report for a nominal
fee. In some states/provinces
with “no fault” insurance laws, a
report may not be necessary.
This is especially true if there are
no injuries and both vehicles
are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision
repair facility for your vehicle.
Whether you select a dealer/
retailer or a private collision
repair facility to fix the damage,
make sure you are comfortable
with them. Remember, you
will have to feel comfortable with
their work for a long time.
7-11
• Once you have an estimate, read
it carefully and make sure you
understand what work will
be performed on your vehicle. If
you have a question, ask for
an explanation. Reputable shops
welcome this opportunity.
Managing the Vehicle Damage
Repair Process
In the event that your vehicle
requires damage repairs, GM
recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a
pre-determined repair facility
of choice, take your vehicle there, or
have it towed there. Specify to the
facility that any required
replacement collision parts be
original equipment parts, either new
Genuine GM parts or recycled
original GM parts. Remember,
recycled parts will not be covered
by your GM vehicle warranty.
7-12
Customer Assistance Information
Insurance pays the bill for the
repair, but you must live with the
repair. Depending on your
policy limits, your insurance
company may initially value the
repair using aftermarket parts.
Discuss this with your repair
professional, and insist on Genuine
GM parts. Remember if your
vehicle is leased you may be
obligated to have the vehicle
repaired with Genuine GM parts,
even if your insurance coverage
does not pay the full cost.
If another party’s insurance
company is paying for the repairs,
you are not obligated to accept
a repair valuation based on
that insurance company’s collision
policy repair limits, as you have
no contractual limits with that
company. In such cases, you can
have control of the repair and
parts choices as long as cost stays
within reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety
Defects
Reporting Safety Defects
to the United States
Government
If you believe that your vehicle
has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause
injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA), in
addition to notifying Saturn
Corporation.
If NHTSA receives similar
complaints, it could open an
investigation, and if it finds that
a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it could order
a recall and remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual
problems between you,
your retailer or Saturn
Corporation.
To contact NHTSA, call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236 (TTY:
1-800-424-9153); go to
Safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E.
Washington D.C., 20590
You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle
safety from Safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects
to the Canadian
Government
If you live in Canada, and you
believe that your vehicle has
a safety defect, notify Transport
Canada immediately, in addition to
notifying General Motors of
Canada Limited. Call them at
1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
Customer Assistance Information
Reporting Safety Defects
to Saturn
Service Publications
Ordering Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or
Transport Canada) in a situation like
this, please notify Saturn.
Service Manuals
Call 1-800-553-6000, or write:
Saturn Corporation
100 Saturn Parkway
Mail Drop 371-999-S24
Spring Hill, TN 37174-1500
In Canada, call 1-800-263-1999,
or write:
Saturn Customer Communication
Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
A variety of publications are
available to you. Saturn service
manuals are written for trained
technicians, and in some cases,
specialized tools and equipment are
necessary to complete certain
repairs. However, the manuals are
available to owners who either
have the training, or wish to gain a
greater understanding of the
technical aspect of their Saturn.
For additional publications
information or to order publications
in the United States, call toll
free 1-800-2-SATURN or visit
Saturn-publications.com to order
on-line.
In Canada, Saturn service manuals
are available by calling toll free
1-800-551-4123.
7-13
Owner Publications
Information on how to obtain
product bulletins and as described
below is applicable only in the
fifty U.S. states and the District of
Columbia, and only for cars and light
trucks with a Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR) less than
10,000 pounds (4 536 kg). Copies of
individual bulletins are also at
your participating Saturn retailer.
You can ask to see them.
In Canada, information relating to
product service bulletins can
be obtained by contacting your
Saturn retailer.
Service Bulletins
Saturn regularly sends its retailers
useful service bulletins about Saturn
products. Saturn monitors product
performance in the field. We
then prepare bulletins for servicing
our products better. You can
get these bulletins, too.
7-14
Customer Assistance Information
Bulletins cover various subjects.
Some pertain to the proper use and
care of your vehicle. Some
describe costly repairs. Others
describe inexpensive repairs which,
if done on time with the latest
parts, may avoid future costly
repairs.
Some bulletins tell a technician how
to repair a new or unexpected
condition. Others describe a quicker
way to fix your vehicle. They can
help a technician service your
vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions
affecting a small number of vehicles.
Your Saturn retailer or a qualified
technician may have to determine if
a specific bulletin applies to your
vehicle. To order Saturn bulletins,
call Saturn Publications at
1-800-2-SATURN or visit
saturn-publications.com to
order online.
Vehicle Data
Recording and
Privacy
Your Saturn vehicle has a number
of sophisticated computers that
record information about the
vehicle’s performance and how it is
driven. For example, your vehicle
uses computer modules to monitor
and control engine and transmission
performance, to monitor the
conditions for airbag deployment
and deploy airbags in a crash and,
if so equipped, to provide antilock
braking to help the driver control the
vehicle. These modules may
store data to help your
dealer/retailer technician service
your vehicle. Some modules
may also store data about how you
operate the vehicle, such as rate
of fuel consumption or average
speed. These modules may
also retain the owner’s personal
preferences, such as radio pre-sets,
seat positions, and temperature
settings.
Event Data Recorders
This vehicle has an Event
Data Recorder (EDR). The main
purpose of an EDR is to record, in
certain crash or near crash-like
situations, such as an airbag
deployment or hitting a road
obstacle, data that will assist in
understanding how a vehicle’s
systems performed. The EDR is
designed to record data related to
vehicle dynamics and safety
systems for a short period of time,
typically 30 seconds or less.
The EDR in this vehicle is designed
to record such data as:
• How various systems in your
vehicle were operating
• Whether or not the driver and
passenger safety belts were
buckled/fastened
• How far, if at all, the driver was
pressing the accelerator and/or
brake pedal
• How fast the vehicle was
traveling
Customer Assistance Information
This data can help provide a better
understanding of the circumstances
in which crashes and injuries
occur.
Important: EDR data is recorded
by your vehicle only if a non-trivial
crash situation occurs; no data
is recorded by the EDR under
normal driving conditions and no
personal data (e.g., name, gender,
age, and crash location) is
recorded. However, other parties,
such as law enforcement, could
combine the EDR data with the type
of personally identifying data
routinely acquired during a crash
investigation.
Saturn will not access this data or
share it with others except: with
the consent of the vehicle owner or,
if the vehicle is leased, with the
consent of the lessee; in response
to an official request of police or
similar government office; as part of
Saturn’s defense of litigation
through the discovery process; or,
as required by law. Data that Saturn
collects or receives may also be
used for Saturn research needs or
may be made available to others
for research purposes, where
a need is shown and the data is not
tied to a specific vehicle or vehicle
owner.
To read data recorded by an EDR,
special equipment is required,
and access to the vehicle or the
EDR is needed. In addition to
the vehicle manufacturer, other
parties, such as law enforcement,
that have the special equipment, can
read the information if they have
access to the vehicle or the EDR.
OnStar®
If your vehicle has OnStar and you
subscribe to the OnStar services,
please refer to the OnStar
Terms and Conditions for
information on data collection and
use. See also OnStar® System
on page 2-29 in this manual
for more information.
7-15
Navigation System
If your vehicle has a navigation
system, use of the system
may result in the storage of
destinations, addresses, telephone
numbers, and other trip information.
Refer to the navigation system
operating manual for information on
stored data and for deletion
instructions.
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID)
RFID technology is used in some
vehicles for functions such as
tire pressure monitoring and ignition
system security, as well as in
connection with conveniences such
as key fobs for remote door
locking/unlocking and starting, and
in-vehicle transmitters for garage
door openers. RFID technology in
Saturn vehicles does not use
or record personal information or
link with any other Saturn system
containing personal information.
7-16
Customer Assistance Information
✍ NOTES
INDEX
A
About Driving Your Vehicle ......... ii
Accessories and
Modifications ...................... 5-3
Accessory Power Outlets ...... 3-16
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .... 1-55
Additives, Fuel ...................... 5-5
Add-On Electrical
Equipment ....................... 5-75
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ....... 5-15
Air Conditioning ................... 3-17
Airbag
Passenger Status
Indicator ....................... 3-26
Readiness Light ................ 3-25
Airbag System ..................... 1-41
Adding Equipment to
Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ........................ 1-55
How Does an Airbag
Restrain? ..................... 1-47
Passenger Sensing
System ........................ 1-49
Airbag System (cont.)
Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ........................ 1-54
What Makes an Airbag
Inflate? ........................ 1-47
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ............. 1-48
When Should an Airbag
Inflate? ........................ 1-45
Where Are the Airbags? ..... 1-44
Antenna, Fixed Mast ............ 3-84
Antenna, XM™ Satellite
Radio Antenna System ...... 3-84
Antilock Brake
System (ABS) .................... 4-6
Antilock Brake, System
Warning Light ................... 3-28
Appearance Care
Aluminum Wheels ............. 5-72
Care of Safety Belts .......... 5-69
Chemical Paint Spotting ..... 5-73
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/
Lenses ........................ 5-70
Fabric/Carpet ................... 5-68
i-1
Appearance Care (cont.)
Finish Care ...................... 5-70
Finish Damage ................. 5-73
Instrument Panel, Vinyl,
and Other Plastic
Surfaces ...................... 5-69
Interior Cleaning ............... 5-66
Leather ........................... 5-68
Sheet Metal Damage ........ 5-73
Tires ............................... 5-72
Underbody Maintenance .... 5-73
Washing Your Vehicle ........ 5-69
Weatherstrips ................... 5-69
Windshield and Wiper
Blades ......................... 5-71
Appointments, Scheduling
Service ............................. 7-7
Audio System ...................... 3-56
Audio Steering Wheel
Controls ....................... 3-82
Chime Level Adjustment .... 3-84
Fixed Mast Antenna .......... 3-84
Radio Reception ............... 3-83
Setting the Clock .............. 3-56
Theft-Deterrent Feature ...... 3-82
XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System ............ 3-84
i-2
INDEX
Audio System(s) .................. 3-58
Auto Stop Mode .................. 3-35
Automatic Climate Control
System ........................... 3-17
Automatic Door Lock .............. 2-7
Automatic Door Unlock ........... 2-7
Automatic Headlamp
System ........................... 3-13
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ............................... 5-17
Operation ........................ 2-20
B
Battery ............................... 5-27
Electric Power
Management ................. 3-14
Run-Down Protection ......... 3-15
Bluetooth® .......................... 3-72
Brake
Emergencies ...................... 4-6
Brake Fluid ......................... 5-25
Brakes ............................... 5-25
Regenerative Braking ........ 2-23
System Warning Light ....... 3-27
Braking ................................ 4-5
Braking in Emergencies .......... 4-6
Break-In, New Vehicle .......... 2-14
Bulb Replacement ................ 5-35
Front Turn Signal and
Parking Lamps .............. 5-36
Halogen Bulbs .................. 5-35
Headlamp Aiming .............. 5-33
Headlamps ...................... 5-35
License Plate Lamps ......... 5-37
Replacement Bulbs ........... 5-37
Taillamps, Turn Signal,
Stoplamps and Back-up
Lamps ......................... 5-36
Buying New Tires ................. 5-51
C
Calibration .......................... 3-40
California Fuel ....................... 5-5
California Perchlorate
Materials Requirements ....... 5-4
California Proposition 65
Warning ............................ 5-3
Canadian Owners ..................... ii
Capacities and
Specifications ................... 5-81
Carbon Monoxide ......... 2-26, 4-15
Care of
Safety Belts ..................... 5-69
Cargo Cover ....................... 2-38
Cargo Management
System ........................... 2-39
Cargo Tie Downs ................. 2-39
CD, MP3 ............................ 3-66
Center Console
Storage Area .................... 2-37
Chains, Tire ........................ 5-57
Charge/Assist Gage .............. 3-35
Charging System Light .......... 3-27
Check
Engine Lamp ................... 3-30
Checking Things Under
the Hood ........................... 5-9
Chemical Paint Spotting ........ 5-73
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ..... 1-27
Infants and Young
Children ....................... 1-25
Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children .................. 1-31
Older Children .................. 1-22
Securing a Child Restraint
in a Rear Seat
Position ....................... 1-36
INDEX
Child Restraints (cont.)
Securing a Child Restraint
in the Right Front Seat
Position .......................
Where to Put the
Restraint ......................
Chime Level Adjustment ........
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels .............
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ......
Fabric/Carpet ...................
Finish Care ......................
Instrument Panel, Vinyl,
and Other Plastic
Surfaces ......................
Interior ............................
Leather ...........................
Tires ...............................
Underbody Maintenance ....
Washing Your Vehicle ........
Weatherstrips ...................
Windshield and Wiper
Blades .........................
Climate Control System
Automatic ........................
Outlet Adjustment .............
Clock, Setting ......................
1-38
1-29
3-84
5-72
5-70
5-68
5-70
5-69
5-66
5-68
5-72
5-73
5-69
5-69
5-71
3-17
3-22
3-56
Collision Damage Repair ......... 7-9
Compass ............................ 3-40
Compressor Kit
Storing ............................ 5-66
Compressor Kit, Tire
Sealant ........................... 5-59
Content Theft-Deterrent ......... 2-10
Control of a Vehicle ............... 4-4
Convenience Net ................. 2-38
Coolant
Engine ............................ 5-20
Engine Temperature
Warning Light ............... 3-29
Surge Tank
Pressure Cap ............... 5-22
Cooling System ................... 5-17
Cruise Control ....................... 3-9
Cruise Control Light .............. 3-33
Cupholders ......................... 2-37
Customer Assistance
Information
Courtesy Transportation ....... 7-8
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY)
Users ............................ 7-4
Customer Assistance
Offices ........................... 7-5
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure ...................... 7-1
i-3
Customer Assistance Information
(cont.)
GM Mobility
Reimbursement
Program ........................ 7-5
Reporting Safety Defects to
Saturn ......................... 7-13
Reporting Safety Defects to
the Canadian
Government .................. 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to
the United States
Government .................. 7-12
Roadside Assistance
Program ........................ 7-5
Service Publications
Ordering Information ...... 7-13
D
Daytime Running Lamp ......... 3-13
Defensive Driving ................... 4-3
Delayed Locking .................... 2-6
DIC Compass ...................... 3-40
Disc, MP3 ........................... 3-66
Doing Your Own
Service Work ..................... 5-4
Dome Lamp ........................ 3-14
i-4
INDEX
Door
Automatic Door Lock .......... 2-7
Automatic Door Unlock ........ 2-7
Delayed Locking ................. 2-6
Locks ............................... 2-6
Power Door Locks .............. 2-6
Rear Door Security Locks .... 2-7
Driver
Seat Height Adjuster ........... 1-4
Driver Behavior ..................... 4-2
Driver Information
Center (DIC) .................... 3-36
DIC Operation and
Displays ....................... 3-36
DIC Vehicle
Customization ............... 3-49
DIC Warnings and
Messages .................... 3-42
Driver Storage
Compartment ................... 2-38
Driving
At Night .......................... 4-12
Before a Long Trip ............ 4-14
Defensive .......................... 4-3
Drunken ............................ 4-4
Driving (cont.)
Environment ...................... 4-2
Highway Hypnosis ............ 4-14
Hill and Mountain Roads .... 4-14
In Rain and on Wet
Roads ......................... 4-13
Rocking Your Vehicle to
Get it Out .................... 4-17
Winter ............................. 4-15
Driving for Better Fuel
Economy ........................... 4-3
E
EDR ..................................
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ............
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block ...........................
Power Windows and Other
Power Options ..............
Underhood Fuse Block ......
Windshield Wiper Fuses ....
Electronic Immobilizer
PASS-Key® III+ ................
7-14
5-75
5-75
5-76
5-75
5-77
5-75
2-12
Electronic Immobilizer
Operation
PASS-Key® III+ ................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ...............
Change Engine Oil Light ....
Check and Service Engine
Soon Lamp ..................
Coolant ...........................
Coolant Heater .................
Coolant Temperature
Warning Light ...............
Drive Belt Routing .............
Engine Compartment
Overview ......................
Exhaust ...........................
Oil ..................................
Oil Life System .................
Overheating .....................
Starting ...........................
Entry Lighting ......................
Event Data Recorders ..........
Extender, Safety Belt ............
Exterior Lamps ....................
2-12
5-15
3-33
3-30
5-20
2-19
3-29
6-13
5-10
2-26
5-11
5-14
5-23
2-15
3-14
7-14
1-22
3-12
INDEX
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ............ 5-15
Finish Damage .................... 5-73
Fixed Mast Antenna ............. 3-84
Flashers, Hazard Warning ....... 3-5
Flash-to-Pass ........................ 3-7
Flat Tire .............................. 5-58
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ..... 5-17
Windshield Washer ........... 5-24
Folding Rear Seat ................. 1-9
Folding Seatback,
Passenger ......................... 1-7
Fuel ..................................... 5-5
Additives ........................... 5-5
California Fuel ................... 5-5
Driving for Better
Economy ....................... 4-3
Filling a Portable Fuel
Container ....................... 5-8
Filling the Tank .................. 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries ... 5-6
Gage .............................. 3-34
Gasoline Octane ................ 5-5
Gasoline Specifications ........ 5-5
Low Warning Light ............ 3-34
Fuel Economy Light .............
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse
Block ...........................
Underhood Fuse Block ......
Windshield Wiper ..............
3-35
5-75
5-76
5-77
5-75
G
Gage
Fuel ................................ 3-34
Speedometer ................... 3-24
Tachometer ...................... 3-24
Gage, Charge/Assist ............. 3-35
Garage Door Opener ............ 2-32
Gasoline
Octane ............................. 5-5
Specifications ..................... 5-5
Glove Box ........................... 2-37
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program ............................ 7-5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ........ 3-5
Head Restraints ..................... 1-2
i-5
Headlamp
Aiming ............................ 5-33
Headlamps .......................... 5-35
Bulb Replacement ............. 5-35
Daytime Running Lamp ..... 3-13
Exterior Lamps ................. 3-12
Flash-to-Pass ..................... 3-7
Front Turn Signal and
Parking Lamps .............. 5-36
Halogen Bulbs .................. 5-35
High/Low Beam Changer ..... 3-7
Wiper Activated ................ 3-12
Heated Seats ........................ 1-5
Heater ................................ 3-17
Engine Coolant ................. 2-19
Height Adjuster, Driver Seat .... 1-4
Highbeam On Light .............. 3-34
Highway Hypnosis ................ 4-14
Hill and Mountain Roads ....... 4-14
Hood
Checking Things Under ....... 5-9
Release ............................ 5-9
Horn .................................... 3-5
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly .......................... 1-13
i-6
INDEX
I
Ignition Positions .................. 2-14
Infants and Young Children,
Restraints ........................ 1-25
Inflation - Tire Pressure ......... 5-43
Inflator Kit, Tire .................... 5-59
Instrument Panel
Brightness ....................... 3-14
Cluster ............................ 3-23
Overview ........................... 3-4
Intermediate Voltage Devices
and Wiring ....................... 5-74
J
Jump Starting ...................... 5-28
K
Keyless Entry System ............ 2-3
Keys .................................... 2-2
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall .......... 5-39
Lamp
Malfunction Indicator ......... 3-30
Lamps
Dome ............................. 3-14
Reading .......................... 3-14
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................ 1-17
LATCH System for Child
Restraints ........................ 1-31
License Plate Lamps ............ 5-37
Liftgate
Carbon Monoxide ............... 2-8
Light
Airbag Readiness ............. 3-25
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) Warning .............. 3-28
Brake System Warning ...... 3-27
Change Engine Oil ........... 3-33
Charging System .............. 3-27
Cruise Control .................. 3-33
Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning ..... 3-29
Fuel Economy .................. 3-35
Highbeam On ................... 3-34
Low Fuel Warning ............. 3-34
Low Washer Fluid
Warning ....................... 3-34
Oil Pressure ..................... 3-33
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator ....................... 3-26
Light (cont.)
Safety Belt Reminders ....... 3-24
Security ........................... 3-33
StabiliTrak® /Traction
Control System (TCS)
Warning Light ............... 3-28
Tire Pressure ................... 3-29
Light, Auto Stop Mode .......... 3-35
Lighting
Entry .............................. 3-14
Lights
Exterior Lamps ................. 3-12
Flash-to-Pass ..................... 3-7
High/Low Beam Changer ..... 3-7
Loading Your Vehicle ............ 4-18
Lockout Protection ................. 2-7
Locks
Automatic Door Lock .......... 2-7
Automatic Door Unlock ........ 2-7
Delayed Locking ................. 2-6
Door ................................. 2-6
Lockout Protection .............. 2-7
Power Door ....................... 2-6
Rear Door Security Locks .... 2-7
Loss of Control .................... 4-11
Low Fuel Warning Light ........ 3-34
Low Washer Fluid Warning
Light ............................... 3-34
INDEX
Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children ...................... 1-31
Lumbar
Manual Controls ................. 1-5
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required
Services ........................ 6-5
At Each Fuel Fill ................ 6-8
At Least Once a Month ....... 6-9
At Least Once a Year ......... 6-9
Introduction ....................... 6-1
Maintenance Footnotes ....... 6-7
Maintenance Record ......... 6-14
Maintenance Replacement
Parts ........................... 6-12
Maintenance
Requirements ................. 6-1
Owner Checks and
Services ........................ 6-8
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants .................... 6-11
Scheduled Maintenance ....... 6-3
Using ............................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the
Environment ................... 6-2
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .... 3-30
Manual Lumbar Controls ......... 1-5
Manual Seats ........................ 1-3
Message
DIC Warnings and
Messages .................... 3-42
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming
Rearview ...................... 2-27
Manual Rearview Mirror ..... 2-27
Outside Convex Mirror ....... 2-28
Outside Heated Mirrors ...... 2-28
Outside Power Mirrors ....... 2-28
MP3 ................................... 3-66
MyGMLink.com ...................... 7-4
N
Navigation System, Privacy ... 7-15
New Vehicle Break-In ........... 2-14
O
Odometer ........................... 3-24
Odometer, Trip ..................... 3-24
Off-Road Recovery ............... 4-10
i-7
Oil
Change Engine Oil Light .... 3-33
Engine ............................ 5-11
Pressure Light .................. 3-33
Oil, Engine Oil Life System .... 5-14
Older Children, Restraints ...... 1-22
Online Owner Center .............. 7-4
OnStar, Privacy .................... 7-15
OnStar® System, see
OnStar® Manual ............... 2-29
Operation, Universal Home
Remote System ................ 2-33
Outlet Adjustment ................. 3-22
Outlets
Accessory Power .............. 3-16
Outside
Convex Mirror .................. 2-28
Heated Mirrors ................. 2-28
Power Mirrors .................. 2-28
Owner Checks and Services ... 6-8
Owners, Canadian .................... ii
i-8
INDEX
P
Paint, Damage ..................... 5-73
Park
Shifting Into ..................... 2-23
Shifting Out of .................. 2-25
Park Brake .......................... 2-22
Parking
Over Things That Burn ...... 2-25
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator .......................... 3-26
Passenger Sensing System ... 1-49
Passing .............................. 4-11
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer ...................... 2-12
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer Operation ........ 2-12
Perchlorate Materials
Requirements, California ...... 5-4
Phone
Bluetooth® ....................... 3-72
Power
Door Locks ........................ 2-6
Electrical System .............. 5-75
Retained Accessory ........... 2-15
Seat ................................. 1-4
Windows ........................... 2-9
Privacy ...............................
Event Data Recorders .......
Navigation System ............
OnStar ............................
Radio Frequency
Identification .................
7-14
7-14
7-15
7-15
7-15
R
Radio Frequency Identification
(RFID), Privacy ................. 7-15
Radio(s) ............................. 3-58
Radios
Reception ........................ 3-83
Setting the Clock .............. 3-56
Theft-Deterrent ................. 3-82
Rainsense™ II Wipers ............ 3-8
Reading Lamps ................... 3-14
Rear Door Security Locks ....... 2-7
Rear Seat Armrest ............... 2-38
Rear Windshield Washer/
Wiper ............................... 3-9
Rearview Mirror, Automatic
Dimming .......................... 2-27
Rearview Mirrors .................. 2-27
Reclining Seatbacks ............... 1-5
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants ........................ 6-11
Recreational Vehicle Towing ... 4-23
Regenerative Braking ............ 2-23
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System ............................. 2-3
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System, Operation .............. 2-4
Replacement Bulbs .............. 5-37
Replacement Parts,
Maintenance .................... 6-12
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ....... 7-12
Saturn ............................. 7-13
United States
Government .................. 7-12
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint
Systems ....................... 1-56
Replacing Restraint System
Parts After a Crash ........ 1-57
Retained Accessory Power .... 2-15
Roadside
Assistance Program ............ 7-5
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get
it Out .............................. 4-17
INDEX
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .... 6-13
Running the Vehicle While
Parked ............................ 2-26
S
Safety Belt Reminders .......... 3-24
Safety Belts
Care of ........................... 5-69
How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly ....................... 1-13
Lap-Shoulder Belt ............. 1-17
Safety Belt Extender ......... 1-22
Safety Belt Use During
Pregnancy .................... 1-22
Safety Belts Are for
Everyone ..................... 1-10
Safety Warnings and Symbols .... iii
Scheduled Maintenance .......... 6-3
Seatback, Folding
Passenger ......................... 1-7
Seats
Driver Seat Height
Adjuster ......................... 1-4
Heated Seats ..................... 1-5
Manual Lumbar .................. 1-5
Seats (cont.)
Passenger Folding
Seatback ....................... 1-7
Power Seat ....................... 1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ............ 1-5
Split Folding Rear Seat ....... 1-9
Securing a Child Restraint
Rear Seat Position ............ 1-36
Right Front Seat Position ... 1-38
Security Light ...................... 3-33
Service ................................ 5-3
Accessories and
Modifications .................. 5-3
Adding Equipment to the
Outside of the Vehicle ..... 5-4
California Perchlorate
Materials Requirements .... 5-4
California Proposition 65
Warning ......................... 5-3
Doing Your Own Work ........ 5-4
Engine Soon Lamp ........... 3-30
Publications Ordering
Information ................... 7-13
Service, Scheduling
Appointments ..................... 7-7
i-9
Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .... 1-54
Setting the Clock ................. 3-56
Sheet Metal Damage ............ 5-73
Shifting Into Park ................. 2-23
Shifting Out of Park .............. 2-25
Signals, Turn and
Lane-Change ..................... 3-6
Specifications, Capacities ...... 5-81
Speedometer ....................... 3-24
Split Folding Rear Seat .......... 1-9
StabiliTrak® System ............... 4-7
StabiliTrak®/TCS Warning
Light ............................... 3-28
Starting the Engine .............. 2-15
Steering ............................... 4-9
Steering Wheel Controls,
Audio .............................. 3-82
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ...... 3-6
Storage Areas
Cargo Management
System ........................ 2-39
Center Console Storage
Area ............................ 2-37
Convenience Net .............. 2-38
i-10
INDEX
Storage Areas (cont.)
Cupholders ......................
Driver Storage
Compartment ................
Glove Box .......................
Rear Seat Armrest ............
Sunglasses Storage
Compartment ................
Storing the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit ................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice,
or Snow ..........................
Sun Visors ..........................
2-37
2-38
2-37
2-38
2-37
5-66
4-17
2-10
T
Tachometer .........................
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps .............
Theft-Deterrent, Radio ...........
Theft-Deterrent Systems ........
Content Theft-Deterrent .....
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer ...................
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer Operation ....
3-24
5-36
3-82
2-10
2-10
2-12
2-12
Tilt Wheel ............................. 3-6
Time, Setting ....................... 3-56
Tire
Pressure Light .................. 3-29
Tire Sealant
Storing ............................ 5-66
Tires .................................. 5-38
Aluminum Wheels,
Cleaning ...................... 5-72
Buying New Tires ............. 5-51
Chains ............................ 5-57
Cleaning .......................... 5-72
Different Size ................... 5-53
If a Tire Goes Flat ............ 5-58
Inflation - Tire Pressure ..... 5-43
Inspection and Rotation ..... 5-50
Pressure Monitor
Operation ..................... 5-46
Pressure Monitor System ... 5-45
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit ............. 5-59
Tire Sidewall Labeling ....... 5-39
Tire Terminology and
Definitions .................... 5-41
Uniform Tire Quality
Grading ....................... 5-54
Tires (cont.)
Wheel Alignment and Tire
Balance ....................... 5-55
Wheel Replacement .......... 5-55
When It Is Time for New
Tires ............................ 5-51
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .......... 4-23
Towing a Trailer ................ 4-26
Your Vehicle ..................... 4-22
Traction
Control System (TCS) ......... 4-8
StabiliTrak® System ............ 4-7
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ................ 5-17
Transmission Operation,
Automatic ........................ 2-20
Trip Odometer ..................... 3-24
Turn and Lane-Change
Signals ............................. 3-6
Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever ................................ 3-6
INDEX
U
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .. 5-54
Universal Home Remote
System ........................... 2-32
Operation ........................ 2-33
V
Vehicle
Control ............................. 4-4
Design .............................. 4-2
Loading ........................... 4-18
Running While Parked ....... 2-26
Symbols .............................. iii
Vehicle Customization, DIC .... 3-49
Vehicle Data Recording and
Privacy ............................ 7-14
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ...................
Service Parts Identification
Label ...........................
Ventilation Adjustment ...........
Visors .................................
5-74
5-74
3-22
2-10
W
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators ........................ 3-22
Warnings
DIC Warnings and
Messages .................... 3-42
Hazard Warning Flashers .... 3-5
Safety and Symbols .............. iii
Washer Fluid, Low Warning
Light ............................... 3-34
i-11
Wheels
Alignment and Tire
Balance ....................... 5-55
Different Size ................... 5-53
Replacement .................... 5-55
Where to Put the Restraint .... 1-29
Windows .............................. 2-9
Power ............................... 2-9
Windshield
Rainsense™ II Wipers ......... 3-8
Washer ............................. 3-8
Washer Fluid .................... 5-24
Wiper Blade
Replacement ................ 5-38
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ..... 5-71
Wiper Fuses .................... 5-75
Wipers .............................. 3-7
Windshield, Rear Washer/
Wiper ............................... 3-9
Winter Driving ...................... 4-15
Wiper Activated Headlamps ... 3-12
i-12
INDEX
X
XM Radio Messages ............ 3-71
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System ........................... 3-84
Y
Your Driving, the Road and
Your Vehicle ...................... 4-1
Your Vehicle and the
Environment ...................... 6-2