Microsoft | G7VP2 | User`s manual | Microsoft G7VP2 User`s manual

G7VP2
Rev. C+
System Board
User’s Manual
37330119
Copyright
This publication contains information that is protected by copyright. No
part of it may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to
make any transformation/adaptation without the prior written permission
from the copyright holders.
This publication is provided for informational purposes only. The
manufacturer makes no representations or warranties with respect to
the contents or use of this manual and specifically disclaims any express
or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose.
The user will assume the entire risk of the use or the results of the use of
this document. Further, the manufacturer reserves the right to revise this
publication and make changes to its contents at any time, without obligation
to notify any person or entity of such revisions or changes.
© 2001. All Rights Reserved.
Trademarks
Microsoft® MS-DOS®, WindowsTM, Windows® 95 and Windows® 98
are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Intel, Pentium
and Pentium with MMX technology are registered trademarks of
Intel Corporation. Cyrix, 6x86L, 6x86MX and M II are registered
trademarks of Cyrix Corporation. AMD, K5, K6, K6-2 and K6-III are
registered trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. IBM 6x86MX
is a registered trademark of International Business Machine
Corporation. IDT C6 and WinChip2 are registered trademarks of
IDT Corporation. Award is a registered trademark of Award
Software, Inc. Other trademarks and registered trademarks of
products appearing in this manual are the properties of their
respective holders.
Caution
To avoid damage to the system:
• Use the correct AC input voltage range..
To reduce the risk of electric shock:
• Unplug the power cord before removing the system chassis
cover for installation or servicing. After installation or servicing,
cover the system chassis before plugging the power cord.
Battery:
• Danger of explosion if battery incorrectly replaced.
• Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommend by
the manufacturer.
• Dispose of used batteries according to the batter y
manufacturer’s instructions.
FCC and DOC Statement on Class B
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio TV technician for
help.
Notice:
1. The changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority
to operate the equipment.
2. Shielded interface cables must be used in order to comply with
the emission limits.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Features and Specifications.................................................................................. 6
1.2 Package Checklist......................................................................................................... 10
Chapter 2 - Hardware Installation
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
System Board Layout .............................................................................................
System Memory.............................................................................................................
DIP Switch and Jumper Settings of the Processors...................
Jumper Settings for Clearing CMOS Data..........................................
Jumper Settings for Power Supply Type...................................................
Jumper Settings for ATX Power-On/Off Select...............................
Jumper Settings for SDRAM Clock (DIMM)......................................
Jumper Settings for Watchdog Timer.........................................................
Connecting the Ribbon Cables and Wires of the Ports
and Connectors.............................................................................................................
11
12
12
19
20
21
22
23
24
Chapter 3 - Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1 The Basic Input/Output System.....................................................................
3.1.1
Standard CMOS Setup....................................................................
3.1.2
BIOS Features Setup..........................................................................
3.1.3
Chipset Features Setup....................................................................
3.1.4
Power Management Setup............................................................
3.1.5
PNP/PCI Configuration....................................................................
3.1.6
Load Fail-Safe Settings......................................................................
3.1.7
Load Optimal Settings......................................................................
3.1.8
Integrated Peripherals.........................................................................
3.1.9
Supervisor Password..........................................................................
3.1.10 User Password.........................................................................................
3.1.11 IDE HDD Auto Detection...........................................................
3.1.12 Save & Exit Setup.................................................................................
3.1.13 Exit Without Saving..............................................................................
34
34
38
42
44
48
50
50
50
54
54
55
56
56
Chapter 4 - Supported Softwares
4.1 Desktop Management Interface.................................................................... 57
4.2 System Health Monitor Utility.......................................................................... 60
4.3 Drivers................................................................................................................................... 61
Appendix A - Watchdog Timer
A.1 Using the Watchdog Timer Function......................................................... 62
Appendix B - Identifying Processors
B.1
B.2
B.3
B.4
B.5
Intel Processors.............................................................................................................
Cyrix Processors..........................................................................................................
IBM Processors.............................................................................................................
AMD Processors.........................................................................................................
IDT Processors.............................................................................................................
63
63
64
64
65
Appendix C - System Error Message
C.1 POST Beep....................................................................................................................... 66
C.2 Error Messages.............................................................................................................. 66
Appendix D - Troubleshooting
D.1 Troubleshooting Checklist.................................................................................... 68
Note:
The user’s manual in the provided CD contains detailed information
about the system board. If, in some cases, some information doesn’t
match those shown in this manual, this manual should always be
regarded as the most updated version.
1
Introduction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Features and Specifications
1.1.1 Features
Chipset
• VIA Apollo 598MVP AGP system chipset
Processor
The system board is equipped with a switching voltage regulator
that supports 2.0V to 3.5V core voltage for various processors.
• AMD® K5 PR90/PR100/PR120/PR133/PR166, K6-166/200/233/
266/300, K6-2/250/266/300/333/350/366/380/400/450/475/
500 or K6-III/400/450/475/500/550
• Intel Pentium  90/100/120/133/150/166/200MHz or Intel
Pentium processor with MMXTM technology-166/200/233MHz
• Cyrix ® 6x86L PR150+/PR166+/PR200+, 6x86MX-PR166/
PR200/PR233/PR266 or M II-200/266/300/333/366/380/400
• IBM® 6x86MX-PR200/PR233/PR266/PR300/PR333
• IDT ® C6-180/200/225/240 or WinChip2-200/225/233/240/
266/300
System Memory
The system board supports 16MB to 256MB of memory. It is
equipped with two DIMM sockets. The 168-pin DIMM sockets use
x64 EDO (60/70ns), SDRAM (10/12/13ns) or PC SDRAM (PC100 SDRAM for 100MHz external system bus clock processors),
3.3V.
DIMMs
2MBx64
4MBx64
8MBx64
16MBx64
6
Memory Size
16MB
32MB
64MB
128MB
Introduction
1
Level 2 Cache Memory
• 512KB pipeline burst, direct map write-through cache installed on
the system board.
Expansion Slots
The system board is equipped with 1 dedicated PCI slot, 5
dedicated 16-bit ISA slots and 1 shared PCI/ISA slot. All PCI and
ISA slots are bus masters.
Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
The system board comes with a DMI 2.0 built into the BIOS. The
DMI utility in the BIOS automatically records various information
about your system configuration and stores these information in the
DMI pool, which is a part of the system board's Plug and Play
BIOS. DMI, along with the appropriately networked software, is
designed to make inventory, maintenance and troubleshooting of
computer systems easier. Refer to Chapter 4 for instructions on
using the DMI utility.
Connectors
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2 connectors for external USB ports
1 connector for IrDA interface
2 serial ports
1 parallel port
2 IDE connectors
1 floppy connector
1 PS/2 mouse port
1 PS/2 or AT keyboard port
1 5-pin AT keyboard connector
1 20-pin ATX power supply connector
1 12-pin standard AT power supply connector
PCI Bus Master IDE Controller
• Two PCI IDE interfaces support up to four IDE devices
• Ultra DMA/33 supported (Synchronous Ultra DMA mode data transfer rate up to a maximum of 33MB/sec.)
• PIO Mode 3 and Mode 4 Enhanced IDE (data transfer rate up
to 16.6MB/sec.)
7
1
Introduction
• Bus mastering reduces CPU utilization during disk transfer
• Supports ATAPI CD-ROM, LS-120, ZIP and SCSI sequential
boot-up
IrDA Interface
The system board is equipped with an IrDA connector for wireless
connectivity between your computer and peripheral devices. It
supports infrared peripheral devices that meet the ASKIR or HPSIR
standard.
USB Ports
The system board is equipped with two connectors for external
USB ports. USB allows data exchange between your computer and
a wide range of simultaneously accessible external Plug and Play
peripherals.
BIOS
• Award BIOS, Windows 95/98 Plug and Play compatible
• Flash EPROM for easy BIOS upgrades
1.1.2 Intelligence
Monitors Processor Temperature and Overheat Alarm
The system board is able to detect the temperature of the
processor. An alarm will sound in case of processor overheat.
Monitors Processor/Chassis Fan Speed and Failure Alarm
The system board is able to detect the fan speed (RPM-Revolutions
Per Minute) of the processor and chassis fans, and alerts you to
attend to any irregularity that may damage your system.
Monitors Power Voltages and Failure Alarm
The system board is able to detect the output voltage of the power
supply. An alarm will sound warning you of voltage irregularity.
Automatic Fan Control
With the system’s power switched on, the processor’s fan will rotate
only if the temperature of the processor is over 25oC.
8
Introduction
1
Dual Function Power Button (ATX power supply only)
Depending on the setting in the BIOS setup, this switch will allow
your system to enter the Soft-Off or Suspend mode.
RTC Timer to Power-on the System (ATX power supply only)
The RTC installed on the system board allows your system to
automatically power-on on the set date and time.
Watchdog Timer
The system board is designed for Industrial PC applications. It
supports the Watchdog Timer function allowing your application to
regularly “clear” the system at the set time interval. If the system
hangs or fails to function, it will reset at the set time interval so that
your system will continue to operate. Refer to “Jumper Settings for
Watchdog Timer” in chapter 2 of this manual for more information.
• 8 step counter (0.5/1/2/4/8/16/32/64 sec)
Virus Protection
Most viruses today destroy data stored in hard drives. The system
board is designed to protect the boot sector and partition table of
your hard disk drive.
9
1
Introduction
1.2 Package Checklist
The system board package contains the following items:
;
;
;
;
;
;
…
The system board
A user’s manual
Serial, mouse and printer port cables
Option 1:
- One card-edge bracket with a 9-pin and 25-pin serial port
cables
- One card-edge bracket with a 25-pin printer port cable and
a PS/2 mouse port cable
Option 2:
- One card-edge bracket with two 9-pin serial port cables
and a PS/2 mouse port cable
- One 25-pin printer port cable for chassis mounting
One 40-pin IDE hard disk cable
One 34-pin floppy disk drive cable
One CD
One card-edge bracket with two USB ports (optional)
If any of these items are missing or damaged, please contact your
dealer or sales representative for assistance.
10
Hardware Installation
2
Chapter 2 - Hardware Installation
2.1 System Board Layout
square denotes pin 1
11
2
Hardware Installation
2.2 System Memory
2.3 DIP Switch and Jumper Settings of the
Processors
Make sure SW1 and JP5 are set correctly before applying power or
you may damage the processor or system board. There are 10
switches on SW1. The black rectangle in the diagram denotes the
part that is protruding, the “adjustable” switch.
In the example on the right:
Switch 1: Off Switch 6: Off
Switch 2: On Switch 7: Off
Switch 3: On Switch 8: Off
Switch 4: On Switch 9: Off
Switch 5: On Switch 10: On
12
Hardware Installation
2
DIP Switch Settings for Intel Processors
Intel Processors
SW1: 1-6
Intel Processors
90MHz 60MHz - 1.5x
166MHz 66MHz - 2.5x
100MHz 66MHz - 1.5x
200MHz 66MHz - 3x
120MHz 60MHz - 2x
MMX166MHz* 66MHz - 2.5x
133MHz 66MHz - 2x
MMX200MHz 66MHz - 3x
150MHz 60MHz - 2.5x
MMX233MHz 66MHz - 3.5x
SW1: 1-6
* Default
DIP Switch Settings for IDT Processors
IDT Processors
SW1: 1-6
IDT Processors
C6-180 60MHz - 3x
WinChip2-225 75MHz - 3x
C6-200 66MHz - 3x
WinChip2-233 66MHz - 3.5x
C6-225 75MHz - 3x
WinChip2-240 60MHz - 4x
C6-240 60MHz - 4x
WinChip2-266 100MHz - 2.33x
WinChip2-200 66MHz - 3x
WinChip2-300 100MHz - 2.5x
SW1: 1-6
13
2
Hardware Installation
DIP Switch Settings for IBM Processors
IBM Processors
SW1: 1-6
IBM Processors
6x86MX-PR200 66MHz - 2.5x
6x86MX-PR300 66MHz - 3.5x
6x86MX-PR233 75MHz - 2.5x
6x86MX-PR300 75MHz - 3x
6x86MX-PR266 83MHz - 2.5x
6x86MX-PR333 83MHz - 3x
SW1: 1-6
DIP Switch Settings for Cyrix Processors
Cyrix Processors
14
SW1: 1-6
Cyrix Processors
6x86L PR166+ 66MHz - 2x
M II-300 75MHz - 3x
6x86L PR200+ 75MHz - 2x
M II-333 66MHz - 4x
6x86MX-PR200 66MHz - 2.5x
M II-333 75MHz - 3.5x
6x86MX-PR233 75MHz - 2.5x
M II-333 83MHz - 3x
6x86MX-PR266 83MHz - 2.5x
M II-366 83MHz - 3.5x
M II-200 66MHz - 2.5x
M II-366 100MHz - 2.5x
M II-266 66MHz - 3x
M II-380 100MHz - 3x
M II-300 66MHz - 3.5x
M II-400 95MHz - 3.5x
SW1: 1-6
Hardware Installation
2
DIP Switch Settings for AMD Processors
AMD Processors
SW1: 1-6
AMD Processors
K5 PR90 60MHz - 1.5x
K6-2/300 100MHz - 3x
K5 PR100 66MHz - 1.5x
K6-2/333 66MHz - 5x
K5 PR120 60MHz - 2x
K6-2/333 95MHz - 3.5x
K5 PR133 66MHz - 2x
K6-2/350 100MHz - 3.5x
K5 PR166 66MHz - 2.5x
K6-2/366 66MHz - 5.5x
K6-166 66MHz - 2.5x
K6-2/380 95MHz - 4x
K6-200 66MHz - 3x
K6-2/400,
K6-III/400 100MHz - 4x
K6-233 66MHz - 3.5x
K6-2/450 100MHz - 4.5x
K6-266 66MHz - 4x
K6-III/450 100MHz - 4.5x
K6-300 66MHz - 4.5x
K6-2/475,
K6-III/475 95MHz - 5x
K6-2/250 100MHz - 2.5x
K6-2/500,
K6-III/500 100MHz - 5x
K6-2/266 66MHz - 4x
K6-III/550 100MHz - 5.5x
SW1: 1-6
K6-2/300 66MHz - 4.5x
15
2
Hardware Installation
External System Bus Clock / Frequency Ratio - DIP Switch Settings
If the processor you are using is not shown in the previous tables,
please refer to the following tables and set SW1 according to the
external system bus clock and frequency ratio of your processor.
External System Bus Clock Settings
External System Bus Clock
SW1: 1-3
External System Bus Clock
60MHz
83MHz
66MHz
95MHz
75MHz
100MHz
SW1: 1-3
Warning:
We do not guarantee that 75MHz, 83MHz, 95MHz and
100MHz external system bus clock processors will work with all
types of add-in cards, memory modules or other devices.
Frequency Ratio Settings for Intel, Cyrix, IBM and AMD
Processors
Frequency Ratio
1.5x / 3.5x
16
SW1: 4-6
Frequency Ratio
4x
2x
4.5x
2.5x
5x
3x
5.5x
SW1: 4-6
Hardware Installation
2
Frequency Ratio Settings for IDT Processors
Frequency Ratio
SW1: 4-6
Frequency Ratio
3.5x
4x
2x / 3.3x
4.5x
2.5x
2.33x / 5x
3x
2.66x / 5.5x
SW1: 4-6
17
2
Hardware Installation
DIP Switch and Jumper Settings for Core Voltage
Voltage
18
JP5
SW1: 7-10
Voltage
2.0V
2.8V
2.1V
2.9V
2.2V
3.0V
2.3V
3.1V
2.4V
3.2V
2.5V
3.3V
2.6V
3.4V
2.7V
3.5V
JP5
SW1: 7-10
Hardware Installation
2
2.4 Jumper Settings for Clearing CMOS Data
Jumper JP1
Clear CMOS Data
If, for some reason, the CMOS
data becomes corrupted, the
system can be reconfigured with
the default values stored in the
ROM BIOS. To load the default
values, power off your system
and unplug the power cord. If
you are using an AT power
supply, you do not need to
unplug the power cord. Set JP1
pins 1 and 2 to On. Wait for a
few seconds and set JP1 back
to its default setting, pins 2 and 3 On. You may now plug the power
cord and power-on your system.
3
2
1
1-2 On:
Clear CMOS Data
3
2
1
2-3 On: Normal
(default)
19
2
Hardware Installation
2.5 Jumper Settings for Power Supply Type
Jumper JP2
Power Supply Type
The Baby AT form factor
system board is designed to fit
into an ATX form factor chassis.
It is equipped with ATX and AT
power supply connectors. Set
JP2 according to the type of
power supply installed.
ATX Power Supply
If you are using an ATX power
supply, set pins 1 and 2 to On
then set jumper JPP according
to the method you would like the computer to power-on/off.
Important:
If JPP pins 2 and 3 is set to On, that is using the power
supply switch to power on/off the computer, make sure JP2
pins 1, 2 and 3 is set to Off. Refer to the next section
(Jumper Settings for ATX Power On/Off Select) for more
information.
AT Power Supply
If you are using an AT power supply, set pins 2 and 3 to On. You
do not need to set jumper JPP because this jumper is applicable
only for computers using an ATX power supply.
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
1-2 On:
ATX Power Supply
20
2-3 On:
AT Power Supply
(default)
1-2-3 Off:
When jumper JPP is
set at 2-3 On
Hardware Installation
2
2.6 Jumper Settings for ATX Power On/Off Select
(ATX power supply only)
Jumper JPP
ATX Power On/Off Select
Jumper JPP is applicable only for
computers using an ATX power
supply. It is used to select the
method of powering-on/off the
computer.
Pins 1 and 2 On (ATX Switch)
Uses the power button to
power-on the computer. To
power-off the computer, you can
either press the power button
or execute the Shut Down
command in the Windows 95/98 operating system. If you are using
the Shut Down command, make sure “Software Power-off ” in the
Chipset Features Setup of the Award BIOS is set to Enabled. Refer
to chapter 3 of this manual for more information.
Pins 2 and 3 On (Power Supply Switch)
As long as the power supply switch is On, the computer will always
be in its power-on state. The advantage of this setting is when
power returns after a power failure, the computer will continue to
operate. The computer will power-off only when the power supply
switch is Off or the computer has been disconnected.
Important:
If you wish to use the power supply switch to power on/off the
computer, make sure JP2 pins 1, 2 and 3 is set to Off.
1
1
2
2
3
3
1-2 On: ATX Switch
(default)
2-3 On:
Power Supply Switch
21
2
Hardware Installation
2.7 Jumper Settings for SDRAM Clock (DIMM)
Jumper JP4
SDRAM Clock
JP4 is used to set the SDRAM’s
clock according to the CPU
clock or AGP clock. If you are
using PC-100 SDRAM DIMMs,
it is recommended that you set
the SDRAM clock according to
the CPU clock (2-3 On). This
setting will provide better
system performance specially
when used with 75/83/95/
100MHz processors. However, if
you encounter compatibility
problems with PC-100 SDRAM DIMMs or you are using EDO /
PC-66 SDRAM DIMMs, set the SDRAM clock according to the AGP
clock (1-2 On).
3
22
2
1
3
2
1
1-2 On:
SDRAM CLK = AGP CLK
(default)
2-3 On:
SDRAM CLK = CPU CLK
CPU CLK SDRAM CLK AGP CLK
CPU CLK SDRAM CLK AGP CLK
60MHz
60MHz
60MHz
60MHz
60MHz
60MHz
66MHz
66MHz
66MHz
66MHz
66MHz
66MHz
75MHz
60MHz
60MHz
75MHz
75MHz
60MHz
83MHz
66MHz
83MHz
66MHz
66MHz
83MHz
95MHz
66MHz
66MHz
95MHz
95MHz
66MHz
100MHz
66MHz
66MHz
100MHz
100MHz
66MHz
Hardware Installation
2
2.8 Jumper Settings for Watchdog Timer
Jumper JP10
Watchdog Timer
The
system
board
suppor ts the Watchdog
Timer function. It allows
your application to
regularly “clear” the system
at the set time interval. If
the system hangs or fails
to function, it will reset at
the set time interval so
that your system will
continue to operate. You
may set the time interval
in 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 or 64 sec.
Time
1-2
3-4
5-6
0.5 sec
On
On
On
1 sec
Off
On
On
2 sec
On
Off
On
4 sec
Off
Off
On
8 sec
On
On
Off
16 sec
Off
On
Off
32 sec
On
Off
Off
64 sec
Off
Off
Off
23
2
Hardware Installation
2.9 Connecting the Ribbon Cables and Wires of
the Ports and Connectors
2.9.1 Serial Ports
The built-in serial ports are RS-232C asynchronous communication
ports with 16C550A-compatible UARTs that can be used with
modems, serial printers, remote display terminals, and other serial
devices. You can set the serial ports’ I/O address in the Integrated
Peripherals setup of the Award BIOS.
Connecting the Serial Ports
Two serial port cables mounted on
a card-edge bracket are provided
with the system board. Connect
one serial port cable to connector
J4 for COM 1 primary serial port
and the other serial port cable to
connector J5 for the COM 2
secondary serial port. Make sure
the colored stripes on the ribbon
cables are aligned with pins 1 of
connectors J4 and J5. Mount the
card-edge bracket to the system
chassis.
24
Hardware Installation
2
2.9.2 Keyboard Port/Connector
The system board allows you to connect a standard AT keyboard
by connecting it to the standard AT keyboard port or the 5-pin
connector at location J14.
AT keyboard port
J14
AT keyboard connector
Pin
Function
1
CLK
2
Data
3
N. C.
4
Ground
5
Vcc
25
2
Hardware Installation
2.9.3 PS/2 Mouse Port
The PS/2 mouse port is a 6-pin connector on the system board.
Attach the 6-pin mouse port cable, which is mounted on a cardedge bracket, to connector J1. Make sure the red wire on the PS/2
mouse connector is aligned with pin 1 of connector J1. Mount the
card-edge bracket to the system chassis.
Pin
Function
1
Mouse Data
2
Reserved
3
Ground
4
+5V
5
Mouse Clock
6
Reserved
2.9.4 Parallel Port
The system board has a standard printer port for interfacing
your PC to a parallel printer. It
suppor ts SPP, ECP and EPP
modes. You can set the port’s
mode in the Integrated Peripherals setup of the Award BIOS.
Connecting the Parallel Printer
Port
Attach the DB-25 printer port
cable to connector J9 on the
system board. Make sure the colored stripe on the ribbon cable
aligns with pin 1 of J9. Use a small nutdriver to mount the cable
into a DB-25 cutout in the system chassis. If your printer port cable
is attached to a card-edge bracket, connect the cable to connector
J9 on the system board and mount the card-edge bracket to the
system chassis.
26
Hardware Installation
2
2.9.5 Floppy Disk Drive Controller
1. Install the 34-pin header
connector into the shrouded
floppy disk header (J11) on
the system board. The
colored edge of the ribbon
should be aligned with pin 1
of connector J11.
2. Install the other 34-pin
header connector(s) into the
disk dr ive(s). Align the
colored edge of the daisy
chained ribbon cable with
pin 1 of the drive edge connector(s). The end-most connector
should be attached to the drive you want to designate as Drive
A.
2.9.6 IDE Hard Disk Interface
1. If you are connecting
two hard drives, install
the 40-pin connector of
the IDE cable into the
primary shrouded IDE
header (connector J10).
If you are adding a third
or four th IDE device,
install the 40-pin
connector of the other
IDE cable into the
secondary shrouded IDE
header (connector J12).
2. Install the other 40-pin header connector(s) into the device with
the colored edge of the ribbon cable aligned with pin 1 of the
drive edge connector(s).
Note:
Refer to your disk drive user’s manual for information about
selecting proper drive switch settings.
27
2
Hardware Installation
Adding a Second IDE Hard Drive
When using two IDE drives, one must be set as the master and the
other as the slave. Follow the instructions provided by the drive
manufacturer for setting the jumpers and/or switches on the drives.
We recommend that you use Enhanced IDE or ATA-2, ATA-3 and
Ultra DMA hard drives be from the same manufacturer. In a few
cases, drives from two different manufacturers will not function
properly when used together. The problem lies in the hard drives, not
the system board.
Important:
If you encountered problems while using an ATAPI CD-ROM
drive that is set in Master mode, please set the CD-ROM drive
to Slave mode. Some ATAPI CD-ROMs may not be recognized
and cannot be used if incorrectly set in Master mode.
2.9.7 Universal Serial Bus Ports
The system board is equipped with two headers, at locations J2 and
J3 on the system board, for external USB ports. USB allows data
exchange between your computer and a wide range of
simultaneously accessible external Plug and Play peripherals.
You must have the proper drivers installed in your operating system
to use these ports. Refer to your operating system’s manual or
documentation.
J2
J3
1
+5V
+5V
2
-Data
-Data
3
+Data
+Data
4
Ground
Ground
5
Ground
Key
Pin
28
Hardware Installation
2
Connecting the USB Ports
As an option, one card-edge bracket mounted with two USB port
cables may be provided with the system board. The ends of the
cables are attached to a connector. Connect the USB cable
connector to J2 and J3 on the system board. The USB port cables
can be inserted only if pin 1 of the cable (red wire) is aligned with
pin 1 of J2 and J3. Pin 5 of J3 has been removed and the hole in
the USB cable connector, which corresponds to pin 5, has been
plugged to prevent incorrectly inserting the connector. Mount the
card-edge bracket to the system chassis.
2.9.8 IrDA Connector
The system board is equipped with an IrDA connector for wireless
connectivity between your computer and peripheral devices. Connect
your IrDA cable to connector J6 on the system board. Make sure
“Onboard UART 2 Mode” in the Integrated Peripherals setup of the
Award BIOS is set to the type of IrDA standard supported by your
IrDA peripheral/device.
You must have the proper drivers installed in your operating system
to use this connector. Refer to your operating system’s manual or
documentation.
Pin
Function
1
IRTX
2
Ground
3
IRRX
4
IRR3
5
Vcc
29
2
Hardware Installation
2.9.9 CPU Fan Connector
The processor must be kept cool by using a fan with heatsink.
Connect the CPU fan to the 3-pin fan connector at location J8 on
the system board.
Pin
Function
1
GND
2
+12V
3
Sense
2.9.10 Chassis Fan Connector
The system board is equipped with a chassis fan connector. If you
are installing a fan in the system unit, connect the fan’s connector to
location J7 on the system board. The fan will provide adequate
airflow throughout the chassis to prevent overheating the processor.
30
Pin
Function
1
GND
2
+12V
3
Sense
Hardware Installation
2
2.9.11 J13 (LEDs and Switches)
SP-LED - ATX 5VSB Standby LED
This LED will light when the 5VSB power is active.
ATX-SW - ATX Power Switch
Depending on the setting in the BIOS setup, this switch is a “dual
function power button” that will allow your system to enter the SoftOff or Suspend mode. Refer to “Soft-Off By PWRBTN” in the Power
Management Setup (Chapter 3) of the Award BIOS.
HD-LED - Primary/Secondary IDE LED
This LED will light when the hard drive is being accessed.
G-LED - Green LED
This LED will light when the system is in the Suspend mode.
G-SW - Green Switch
This switch will allow your system to enter the Suspend mode. To
wake up the system, “PM Events” in the Power Management Setup
(Chapter 3) must be enabled so that access to the specified IRQ
will allow the system to wake up completely from the Suspend
mode.
H-RST - Reset Switch
This switch allows you to reboot without having to power off the
system thus prolonging the life of the power supply or system.
SPEAKER - Speaker Connector
This connects to the speaker installed in the system chassis.
31
2
Hardware Installation
KEYLOCK - Keylock and Power LED Connector
This is used to connect to the keyboard lock of the system chassis.
Use pins 24 to 26 to connect to the Power LED.
SP-LED
(ATX 5VSB Standby LED)
ATX-SW
(ATX power switch)
HD-LED
(Primary/Secondary IDE LED)
G-LED
(Green LED)
G-SW
(Green switch)
H-RST
(Reset switch)
SPEAKER
(Speaker connector)
KEYLOCK
(Keylock and Power LED
connector)
32
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Pin Assignment
ATX Power
Ground
N. C.
PWRBT
Ground
N. C.
HDD
HDD LED Power
N. C.
Green LED Power
Green
N. C.
SMI
Ground
N. C.
H/W Reset
Ground
N. C.
Speaker Power
Ground
N. C.
Speaker
N. C.
LED Power
N.C.
Ground
Keylock
Ground
Use pins 24 to 26
for the Power LED.
Hardware Installation
2
2.9.12 Power Supply Connectors
PL1
PL2
The pin assignment of the ATX power connector is shown below.
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
3.3V/14A
11
3.3V/14A
2
3.3V/14A
12
-12V
3
Ground
13
Ground
4
+5V
14
PS-ON
5
Ground
15
Ground
6
+5V
16
Ground
7
Ground
17
Ground
8
PW-OK
18
-5V
9
5VSB
19
+5V
10
+12V
20
+5V
33
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Chapter 3 - Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1 The Basic Input/Output System
The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is a program that takes care
of the basic level of communication between the processor and
peripherals. In addition, the BIOS also contain codes for various
advanced features found in this system board. This chapter explains
the Setup Utility for the Award BIOS.
After you power up your system, the BIOS message appears on
your screen and the memory count begins. After the memory test,
the following message will appear on the screen:
Press DEL to enter setup
If the message disappears before you respond, restart your system
or press the “Reset” button. You may also restart the system by
pressing the <Ctrl> <Alt> and <Del> keys simultaneously.
When you press <Del>, the main program screen will appear.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
LOAD FAIL-SAFE SETTINGS
LOAD OPTIMAL SETTINGS
Esc
F10
: Quit
: Save & Exit Setup
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
SUPERVISOR PASSWORD
USER PASSWORD
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
↑↓→←
(Shift) F2
: Select Item
: Change Color
3.1.1 Standard CMOS Setup
Use the arrow keys to highlight “Standard CMOS Setup” and press
<Enter>. A screen similar to the one on the next page will appear.
34
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Date (mm:dd:yy) : Fri, Jul 17 1998
Time (hh:mm:ss) : 13: 27: 50
HARD DISKS
Primary Master
Primary Slave
Secondary Master
Secondary Slave
:
:
:
:
TYPE SIZE CYLS HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
Auto
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
0
Auto
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
0
Auto
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
0
Auto
0
0
0
0
0 Auto
0
Drive A : 1.44M, 3.5 in.
Drive B : None
Base Memory : 640K
Extended Memory : 64512K
Other Memory : 384K
Total Memory : 65536K
Video : EGA/VGA
Halt on : All Errors
Esc
F10
: Quit
: Save & Exit Setup
↑↓→←
(Shift)F2
: Select Item
: Change
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
Date
The date format is <day>, <month>, <date>, <year>. Day displays
a day, from Sunday to Saturday. Month displays the month, from
January to December. Date displays the date, from 1 to 31. Year
displays the year, from 1994 to 2079.
Time
The time format is <hour>, <minute>, <second>. The time is based
on the 24-hour military-time clock. For example, 1 p.m. is 13:00:00.
Hour displays hours from 00 to 23. Minute displays minutes from 00
to 59. Second displays seconds from 00 to 59.
Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master and Secondary Slave
These categories allow you to enter the appropriate specifications for
the type of hard disk drive(s) installed in your system. Press <PgUp>
or <PgDn> to select a numbered hard disk type or type the number
and press <Enter>. The hard disk will not work properly if you enter
improper information for this category. You can use Type “User” to
define your own drive type manually. This information should be included
in the documentation from your hard disk vendor. If you select Type
”Auto”, the BIOS will auto-detect the HDD & CD-ROM drive at the
POST stage and show the IDE for the HDD & CD-ROM drive. If a
hard disk has not been installed, select “None” and press <Enter>.
35
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Drive A and Drive B
These categories identify the types of floppy disk drives installed.
None
No floppy drive is installed
360K, 5.25 in. 5-1/4 in. standard drive; 360KB capacity
1.2M, 5.25 in. 5-1/4 in. AT-type high-density drive; 1.2MB
capacity
720K, 3.5 in. 3-1/2 in. double-sided drive; 720KB capacity
1.44M, 3.5 in. 3-1/2 in. double-sided drive; 1.44MB capacity
2.88M, 3.5 in. 3-1/2 in. double-sided drive; 2.88MB capacity
Video
This category selects the type of video adapter used for the primary
system monitor. Although secondary monitors are supported, you do
not have to select the type in Setup. The default setting is EGA/VGA
(BIOS default, Setup default).
EGA/VGA
CGA 40
CGA 80
Mono
Enhanced Graphics Adapter/Video Graphics Array. For
EGA, VGA, SVGA and PGA monitor adapters.
Color Graphics Adapter. Power up in 40-column mode.
Color Graphics Adapter. Power up in 80-column mode.
Monochrome adapter. Includes high resolution
monochrome adapters.
Halt On
This category determines whether the system will stop if an error is
detected during power up. The default setting is All Errors (BIOS
default, Setup default).
No Errors The system boot will not stop for any errors detected.
All Errors The system boot will stop whenever the BIOS detects
a non-fatal error.
All, But Keyboard The system boot will not stop for a keyboard
error; it will stop for all other errors.
All, But Diskette The system boot will not stop for a disk error;
it will stop for all other errors.
All, But Disk/Key The system boot will not stop for a disk or
keyboard error; it will stop for all other errors.
36
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Memory
The base memory size, extended memory size and the other memory
size cannot be altered; your computer automatically detects and displays
them.
Base Memory The POST will determine the amount of base (or
conventional) memory installed in the system. The
value of the base memory is typically 512K for
systems with 512K memor y installed on the
motherboard or 640K for systems with 640K or
more memory installed on the motherboard.
Extended Memory The BIOS determines how much extended
memory is present during the POST. This is the
amount of memory located above 1MB in the
CPU’s memory address map.
Other Memory This refers to the memory located in the 640K to
1024K address space. This is the memory that can
be used for different applications. DOS uses this
area to load device drivers in an effort to keep as
much base memory free for application programs.
The BIOS is the most frequent user of this RAM
area since this is where it shadows the ROM.
37
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.2 BIOS Features Setup
The BIOS Features Setup allows you to configure your system for
basic operation. Some entries are defaults required by the system
board, while others, if enabled, will improve the performance of your
system or let you set some features according to your preference.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Virus Warning
CPU Internal Cache
External Cache
Quick Power On Self Test
Boot Sequence
Swap Floppy Drive
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Boot Up NumLock Status
Memory ECC Function
Typematic Rate Setting
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
Typematic Delay (Msec)
Security Option
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
A, C, SCSI
Disabled
Disabled
On
Disabled
Disabled
6
250
Setup
Disabled
Non-OS2
Disabled
Video BIOS Shadow
C8000-CBFFF Shadow
CC000-CFFFF Shadow
D0000-D3FFF Shadow
D4000-D7FFF Shadow
D8000-DBFFF Shadow
DC000-DFFFF Shadow
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
↑↓→←
Quit
: Select Item
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Help
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
Virus Warning
This category protects the boot sector and partition table of your hard
disk drive. When this item is enabled, the Award BIOS will monitor the
boot sector and partition table of the hard disk drive. If an attempt
is made to write to the boot sector or partition table of the hard disk
drive, the BIOS will halt the system and an error message will appear.
After seeing the error message, if necessary, you will be able to run
an anti-virus program to locate and remove the problem before any
damage is done.
Many disk diagnostic programs which attempt to access the boot
sector table will cause the warning message to appear. If you are
running such a program, we recommend that you first disable this
category. Also, disable this category if you are installing or running
certain operating systems like Windows® 95/98 or the operating
system may not install nor work.
38
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
CPU Internal Cache and External Cache
These categories speed up the memory access. The default value is
enabled. Enable the External Cache for better performance.
Quick Power On Self Test
This category speeds up Power On Self Test (POST) after you power
on your system. When Enabled, the BIOS will shorten or skip some
check items during POST.
Boot Sequence
This category determines which drive to search first for the disk
operating system. The default is A, C, SCSI. The options are:
A, C, SCSI;
D, A, SCSI;
SCSI, C, A;
C, A, SCSI;
E, A, SCSI;
C only;
C, CDROM, A;
F, A, SCSI;
LS/ZIP, C.
CDROM, C, A;
SCSI, A, C;
Swap Floppy Drive
When this option is enabled and the system is booting from the floppy
drive, the system will boot from drive B instead of drive A. When this
option is disabled and the system is booting from the floppy drive, the
system will boot from drive A. You must have two floppy drives to
use this function.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
When enabled, the BIOS will check whether the floppy disk drive installed
is 40 or 80 tracks. Note that the BIOS cannot distinguish between 720K,
1.2M, 1.44M and 2.88M drive types as they are all 80 tracks. When
disabled, the BIOS will not search for the type of floppy disk drive by
track number. Note that there will not be any warning message if the drive
installed is 360KB.
Boot Up NumLock Status
This allows you to determine the default state of the numeric keypad.
By default, the system boots up with NumLock on wherein the function
of the numeric keypad is the number keys. When set to Off, the
function of the numeric keypad is the arrow keys.
39
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Memory ECC Function
If you are using x72 (72-bit) DIMMs, which are DIMMs that support
the ECC (Error Checking and Correction) function, set this field to
Enabled.
Typematic Rate Setting
When disabled, continually holding down a key on your keyboard will
cause the BIOS to report that the key is down. When the typematic
rate is enabled, the BIOS will not only report that the key is down,
but will first wait for a moment, and, if the key is still down, it will begin
to report that the key has been depressed repeatedly. For example,
you would use such a feature to accelerate cursor movements with
the arrow keys.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
This selection allows you to select the rate at which the keys are
accelerated.
Typematic Delay (Msec)
This selection allows you to select the delay between when the key
was first depressed and when the acceleration begins.
Security Option
System The system will not boot and access to Setup will be
denied if the correct password is not entered at the
prompt.
Setup The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied
if the correct password is not entered at the prompt.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
It determines whether the MPEG ISA/VESA VGA Cards can work with
PCI/VGA or not. The default value is Disabled.
Enabled PCI/VGA working with MPEG ISA/VESA VGA cards.
Disabled PCI/VGA not working with MPEG ISA/VESA VGA
cards.
40
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
OS Select for DRAM > 64MB
This item allows you to access the memory that is over 64MB in
OS/2. The options are: Non-OS/2 and OS/2.
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
The system board supports SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and
Reporting Technology) hard drives. SMART is a reliability prediction
technology for ATA/IDE and SCSI drives. The drive will provide sufficient
notice to the system or user to backup data prior to the drive’s failure.
The default is Disabled. If you are using hard drives that support
S.M.A.R.T., set this field to Enabled. SMART is supported in ATA-3 or
later hard drives.
Video BIOS Shadow
Determines whether video BIOS will be copied to RAM. Video Shadow
will increase the video speed. Note that some graphics boards require
that this option be disabled. The default value is Enabled.
Enabled Video shadow is enabled.
Disabled Video shadow is disabled.
C8000-CBFFF Shadow to DC000-DFFFF Shadow
These categories determine whether option ROMs will be copied to
RAM.
Enabled Optional shadow is enabled.
Disabled Optional shadow is disabled.
41
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.3 Chipset Features Setup
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
DIMM 1 DRAM Timing
DIMM 2 DRAM Timing
SDRAM CAS Latency
Video BIOS Cacheable
System BIOS Cacheable
Memory Hole at 15M-16M
CPU to PCI Write Buffer
PCI Dynamic Bursting
PCI Master 0 WS Write
PCI Delay Transaction
PCI Master Read Prefetch
Software Power-off
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Normal
Normal
3
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
**** System Health Monitor ****
Current CPU Temperature : 27oC/80oF
: 4285 RPM
Current CPU FAN Speed
Current Chassis FAN Speed : 4137 RPM
: Ignore
CPU Temperature Limit
: Ignore
CPU FAN Speed Limit
: Ignore
Chassis FAN Speed Limit
: Ignore
+3.3V Voltage
: Ignore
+12V Voltage
: Ignore
+5V Voltage
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be identical
to this one.
This section gives you functions to configure the system based on
the specific features of the chipset. The chipset manages bus speeds
and access to system memor y resources. It also coordinates
communications between the conventional ISA bus and the PCI bus.
These items should not be altered unless necessary. Depending on
your add-in cards, you may not or should not enable some of those
features. The default settings have been chosen because they provide
the best operating conditions for your system. The only time you
might consider making any changes would be if you discovered
some incompatibility or that data was being lost while using your
system.
Software Power-off
Executing the Shut Down command in Windows 95/98
will shut down the computer.
Disabled Executing the Shut Down command in Windows 95/98
will not shut down the computer.
Enabled
Note:
If you set jumper JPP to “ATX Power” (pins 1-2 on), make
sure this field is Enabled. Refer to “Jumper Settings for ATX
Power-On/Off Select” in chapter 2 for more information.
42
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
System Health Monitor
Note:
The system board comes with a System Health Monitor utility.
Once this utility is installed, the system will ignore the settings in
the “System Health Monitor” field of the Chipset Features Setup.
Both methods serve the same function and that is to monitor
the system’s “health” conditions.
If you are using Windows 95/98 or Windows NT 4.0, you may
select between using the utility and the Chipset Features Setup.
For other operating systems, you may only use the Chipset
Features Setup. Refer to the “System Health Monitor Utility”
section (Chapter 4) for more information.
Current CPU Temperature, Current CPU Fan Speed and
Current Chassis Fan Speed
These fields show the current temperature of the processor, and
the current fan speed of the CPU and chassis fans in RPM
(Revolutions Per Minute).
CPU Temperature Limit
This field allows you to manually set a limit to the processor’s
temperature. If the temperature of the processor is over the
temperature set in this field (70oC/158oF recommended), an
alarm will sound warning you of system overheat. The sound of
the alarm is continuous low to high beeps. Some of the most
common causes leading to high temperature are:
-
The fan is not functioning normally or has stopped. Turn off
your system and replace the fan.
The space clearance of the processor, fan and heat sink is
inadequate to maintain proper airflow and heat dissipation.
The chassis or cabinet has poor ventilation.
CPU Fan Speed Limit and Chassis Fan Speed Limit
These fields allow you to manually set a limit to the speed of
the CPU and AGP fans. If the CPU/AGP fan speed is under
the speed set in these fields, an alarm will sound informing you
to attend to any issue that may damage your system. The
43
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
sound of the alarm resembles that of the siren of an ambulance.
The “failure detection” circuit requires a fan to operate at
greater than 3600 RPM.
+3.3V, +5V and +12V Voltages
Set these fields to “Monitor” if you want the system board to
detect the output voltage of the power supply. If the output
voltage is over or under +3.3V/+5V/+12V (±10%), an alarm
will sound warning you of voltage issue. The sound of the alarm
is continuous low to high beeps but shor ter than the
temperature alarm. Some of the most common causes leading
to unstable output voltage of a power supply are:
-
The power supply is not functioning normally. Turn off your
system and replace the power supply.
The AC input from the power outlet to your system is
unstable. Please consult your MIS depar tment or an
electrician.
3.1.4 Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to configure your system to
most effectively save energy. If you like to use the soft power down
feature of Windows 95/98, you must enable the Power Management
field below. Select Min. Power, Max. Power or User Defined. Either one
can be used as long as it is NOT disabled.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Power Management
PM Control by APM
Video Off Method
Video Off After
Standby Mode
Suspend Mode
HDD Power Down
Soft-Off by PWRBTN
Resume on Alarm
: User Define
: Yes
: DPMS
: Suspend
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Instant-Off
: Disabled
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ6
IRQ7
IRQ8
IRQ9
IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ12
IRQ13
IRQ14
IRQ15
** PM Events **
: Primary
(COM 2)
: Primary
(COM 1)
: Primary
(LPT 2)
: Primary
(Floppy Disk)
: Primary
(LPT 1)
: Disabled
(RTC Alarm)
: Secondary
(IRQ2 Redir)
: Secondary
(Reserved)
: Secondary
(Reserved)
: Secondary
(PS/2 Mouse)
: Primary
(Coprocessor)
: Primary
(Hard Disk)
: Disabled
(Reserved)
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
:
:
:
:
:
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
44
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Power Management
This category allows you to select the type (or degree) of power saving
by changing the length of idle time that elapses before the Standby
mode and Suspend mode are activated.
Disable No power management. Disables the Standby and
Suspend modes.
Min. Power Saving Minimum power management. Standby Mode =
1 hr., and Suspend Mode = 1 hr.
Max. Power Saving Maximum power management. Standby Mode
= 1 min., and Suspend Mode = 1 min.
User Defined Allows you to set each mode individually. When
enabled, each option ranges from 1 min. to 1 hr.
PM Control by APM
Yes
No
An Advanced Power Management device will be activated to
enhance the Max. Power Saving mode and stop the CPU’s internal clock. Use this option in Windows® 95/98. (default)
The system BIOS will ignore APM when initiating the Power
Management mode.
Video Off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
V/H SYNC + Blank This selection will cause the system to turn off
the ver tical and horizontal synchronization
ports and write blanks to the video buffer.
Blank Screen
This option only writes blanks to the video
buffer.
DPMS
Initializes display power management signaling.
Use this option if your video board supports
it.
Video Off After
N/A
The system BIOS will never turn off the screen.
Suspend The screen is off when the system is in the Suspend
mode.
Standby The screen is off when the system is in the Standby
mode.
45
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Standby Mode
This is user configurable only when the Power Management category
is set to User Defined. When enabled and after the set time of system
inactivity, the CPU clock will run at a slower speed (1/3 of full speed)
while all other devices still operate at full speed.
Suspend Mode
This is user configurable only when the Power Management category
is set to User Defined. When enabled and after the set time of system
inactivity, the CPU and onboard peripherals will be shut off.
HDD Power Down
This is user configurable only when the Power Management category
is set to User Defined. When enabled and after the set time of system
inactivity, the hard disk drive will be powered down while all other
devices remain active.
Soft-Off by PWRBTN
This category allows you to select the method of powering off your
system.
Hold 4 Sec. Regardless of whether the Power Management field is
enabled or disabled, if the power button is pushed
and released in less than 4 sec, the system enters the
Suspend mode. The purpose of this function is to
prevent the system from powering off in case you
accidentally “hit” or pushed the power button. Pushing
the power button for more than 4 seconds will
power off the system.
Instant-Off Pressing and then releasing the power button at
once will immediately power off your system.
46
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Resume On Alarm
Enabled
When Enabled, “Date (of Month)” and “Timer (hh:mm:ss)”
will appear right below this field. You can set the date and
time you would like the Soft Power Down (Soft-Off) PC
to power-on.
Disabled Disables the automatic power-on function. (default)
Date (of Month)
0
1-31
The system will power-on everyday according to the time
set in the “Timer (hh:mm:ss)” field.
Select a date you would like the system to power-on. The
system will power-on on the set date, and time set in the
“Timer (hh:mm:ss)” field.
Timer (hh:mm:ss)
This is used to set the time you would like the system to power- on.
If you want the system to power-on everyday as set in the “Date (of
Month)” field, the time set in this field must be later than the CMOS
RTC’s time.
PM Events
When enabled, access to the specified IRQ will cause the system to
wake up completely from the power management mode. When
disabled, the system will not wake up from the power management
mode despite access to the specified IRQ.
47
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.5 PNP/PCI Configuration
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. It covers some
ver y technical items and it is strongly recommended that only
experienced users should make any changes to the default settings.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Resources Controlled By
Reset Configuration Data
: Auto
: Disabled
PCI IRQ Actived By
Assign IRQ for VGA
PCI Slot 1 Use IRQ
PCI Slot 2 Use IRQ
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Level
Enabled
Auto
Auto
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
Resources Controlled By
The Award Plug and Play BIOS has the capability to automatically
configure all of the boot and Plug and Play compatible devices.
Auto
Manual
The system will automatically detect the settings for you.
The categories that follow will not be shown on the
screen.
This will allow you to set the IRQ/DMA (you have
assigned your add-in card) to Legacy ISA or PCI/ISA PnP.
For non-PnP ISA cards, select Legacy ISA. For PnP ISA
or PCI cards, select PCI/ISA PnP.
Reset Configuration Data
Enabled The BIOS will reset the configuration data once
automatically. It will then recreate a new set of
configuration data.
Disabled The BIOS will not reset the configuration data.
48
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
PCI IRQ Actived By
This category is used to set the method by which the PCI bus
recognizes that an IRQ service is being requested by a device. Under
all circumstances, you should retain the default configuration unless a
different setting is needed.
Assign IRQ for VGA
When Enabled, the system automatically assigns an IRQ for the VGA
card installed. Your VGA card will need an IRQ only when using the
video capture function of the card. If you are not using this function
and a new device requires an IRQ, you can set this function to
Disabled. The IRQ (previously occupied by the VGA card) will be
available for your new device.
Note:
When Disabled, a “Yellow” mark will appear in Windows 95/98’s
Device Manager.
PCI Slot 1 Use IRQ and PCI Slot 2 Use IRQ
By default, an IRQ will automatically be assigned to each PCI slot.
You may manually assign an IRQ to these slots by selecting one of
the available options.
49
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.6 Load Fail-Safe Settings
The “Load Fail-Safe Settings” option loads the troubleshooting default
values permanently stored in the ROM chips. These settings are not
optimal and turn off all high performance features. You should use these
values only if you have hardware problems. Highlight this option on the
main menu and press <Enter>. The message below will appear.
Load Fail-Safe Settings (Y/N)? N
If you want to proceed, type <Y> and press <Enter>. The default
settings will be loaded.
3.1.7 Load Optimal Settings
The “Load Optimal Settings” option loads optimized settings from the
BIOS ROM. Use the Setup default values as standard values for your
system. Highlight this option on the main menu and press <Enter>. The
message below will appear.
Load Optimal Settings (Y/N)? N
Type <Y> and press <Enter> to load the Setup default values.
3.1.8 Integrated Peripherals
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Onboard Primary PCI IDE
Onboard Secondary PCI IDE
IDE Prefetch Mode
IDE HDD Block Mode
IDE Primary Master PIO
IDE Primary Slave PIO
IDE Secondary Master PIO
IDE Secondary Slave PIO
IDE Primary Master UDMA
IDE Primary Slave UDMA
IDE Secondary Master UDMA
IDE Secondary Slave UDMA
USB Controller
USB Keyboard Support
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Enabled
Disabled
Onboard FDC Controller
Onboard UART 1
Onboard UART 2
Onboard UART 2 Mode
:
:
:
:
Enabled
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ3
Standard
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
ECP Mode Use DMA
Parallel Port EPP Type
:
:
:
:
378/IRQ7
ECP+EPP
3
EPP1.7
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
:
:
:
:
:
Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
Old Values (Shift) F2 : Color
Load Fail-Safe Settings
Load Optimal Settings
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
50
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
Onboard Primary PCI IDE and Onboard Secondary PCI IDE
These categories allow you to enable or disable the primary and
secondary IDE controller. The default is Enabled. Select Disabled if you
want to add a different hard drive controller.
IDE Prefetch Mode
This allows data and addresses to be stored in the internal buffer of
the chip, thus reducing access time. Enable this field to achieve better
performance.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Enabled
The IDE HDD uses the block mode. The system BIOS
will check the hard disk drive for the maximum block size
the system can transfer. The block size will depend on the
type of hard disk drive.
Disabled The IDE HDD uses the standard mode.
IDE Primary Master/Slave PIO and IDE Secondary Master/Slave PIO
PIO means Programmed Input/Output. Rather than have the BIOS
issue a series of commands to effect a transfer to or from the disk
drive, PIO allows the BIOS to tell the controller what it wants and
then let the controller and the CPU perform the complete task by
themselves. Your system supports five modes, 0 (default) to 4, which
primarily differ in timing. When Auto is selected, the BIOS will select the
best available mode after checking your drive.
Auto The BIOS will automatically set the system according to your
hard disk drive’s timing.
0-4 You can select a mode that matches your hard disk drive’s
timing. Caution: Do not use the wrong setting or you will
have drive errors.
IDE Primary Master/Slave UDMA and IDE Secondary Master/Slave
UDMA
These categories allow you to set the Ultra DMA in use. When Auto
is selected, the BIOS will select the best available option after checking
your hard drive or CD-ROM.
51
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
Auto
The BIOS will automatically detect the settings for you.
Disabled The BIOS will not detect these categories.
USB Controller
We recommend that you leave this field in its default setting - Enabled.
USB Keyboard Support
By default, this field is Disabled. If you are using a USB keyboard, please
enable this function.
Onboard FDC Controller
Enabled Enables the onboard floppy disk controller.
Disabled Disables the onboard floppy disk controller.
Onboard UART 1 and Onboard UART 2
Auto
The system will automatically select an I/O address for the
onboard serial port 1 and serial port 2.
3F8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3 Allows you to manually
select an I/O address for the onboard serial port 1 and
serial port 2.
Disabled Disables the onboard serial port 1 and/or serial port 2.
Onboard UART 2 Mode
The system board supports IrDA function for wireless connectivity
between your computer and peripheral devices. You may not use IrDA
(J6) and the COM 2 serial port (J5) at the same time. If you are using
the COM 2 serial port, make sure “Onboard UART 2 Mode” is set
to Standard.
To use the IrDA function, follow the steps below.
52
1.
Connect your IrDA cable to connector J6 on the system
board.
2.
Set “Onboard UART 2 Mode” to the type of IrDA standard
supported by your IrDA peripheral/device (HPSIR or ASKIR).
3.
The following will appear right below “Onboard UART 2
Mode”.
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
IR Duplex Mode
Half
Full
Data is completely transmitted before receiving data.
Transmits and receives data simultaneously.
Use IR Pins
Set this field according to the IR pins of your IrDA peripheral/
device.
Onboard Parallel Port
378H/IRQ7, 3BCH/IRQ7, 278H/IRQ5 Selects the I/O address and
IRQ for the onboard parallel port.
Disabled Disables the onboard parallel port.
Parallel Port Mode, ECP Mode Use DMA and Parallel Port EPP Type
Parallel Port Mode will appear only if you selected an I/O address and
IRQ in the Onboard Parallel Port field. This option applies to a
standard specification and will depend on the type and speed of your
device. Refer to your peripheral’s manual for the best option. Select the
parallel port mode according to the type of printer device connected
to your onboard parallel port.
The parallel modes are Normal, EPP, ECP and ECP+EPP. The default
is ECP+EPP. Both “ECP Mode Use DMA” and “Parallel Port EPP Type”
will appear on the screen.
If you selected EPP, “Parallel Port EPP Type” will appear. This field applies
to standard specification. The options are EPP1.9 and EPP1.7. Default
setting: EPP1.7.
If you selected ECP, “ECP Mode Use DMA” will appear. This is used
to select a DMA channel for the parallel port. The options are 1 and
3. Default setting: 3.
53
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.9 Supervisor Password
If you want to protect your system and setup from unauthorized entry,
set a supervisor’s password with the “System” option selected in the
BIOS Features Setup. If you want to protect access to setup only, but
not your system, set a supervisor’s password with the “Setup” option
selected in the BIOS Features Setup. You will not be prompted for a
password when you cold boot the system.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the “Supervisor Password” option and
press <Enter>. The message below will appear.
Enter Password:
Type in the password. You are limited to eight characters. When done,
the message below will appear:
Confirm Password:
You are asked to verify the password. Type in exactly the same
password. If you type in a wrong password, you will be prompted to
enter the correct password again. To delete or disable the password
function, highlight “Supervisor Password” and press <Enter>, instead of
typing in a new password. Press the <Esc> key to return to the main
menu.
3.1.10 User Password
If you want another user to have access only to your system but not
to setup, set a user’s password with the “System” option selected in
the BIOS Features Setup. If you want a user to enter a password when
trying to access setup, set a user’s password with the “Setup” option
selected in the BIOS Features Setup. Using user’s password to enter
Setup allows a user to access only the “User Password” option that
appears on the main screen. Access to all other options is denied. To
set, confirm, verify, disable or delete a user’s password, follow the
procedures described in the section “Supervisor Password”. If you
forget your password, refer to the procedure described in the same
section.
54
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3
3.1.11 IDE HDD Auto Detection
Use this option to detect the parameters for the hard disk drives
installed in your system. These parameters will then be automatically
entered into the "Standard CMOS Setup". The IDE HDD Auto
Detection screen displays the following categories of information:
Size, Cylinders, Heads, Precomp, LandZone, Sectors and Mode.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
HARD DISKS
TYPE SIZE CYLS HEAD RECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
Primary Master:
Select Primary Master Option (N=Skip): N
OPTIONS
2 (Y)
1
3
SIZE
CYLS
HEAD
RECOMP
LANDZ
853
853
853
827
1654
827
32
16
32
0
65535
65536
1653
1653
1653
SECTOR
MODE
63
63
63
LBA
Normal
Large
Note: Some OS (like SCO-UNIX) must be “NORMAL” for installation
ESC: Skip
The settings on the screen are for reference only. Your version may not be
identical to this one.
For hard drives larger than 528MB, you would typically select the
LBA type. Certain operating systems require that you select Normal
or Large. Please check your operating system’s manual or Help desk
on which one to select.
55
3
Award BIOS Setup Utility
3.1.12 Save & Exit Setup
When all the changes have been made, highlight “Save & Exit Setup”
and press <Enter>. The message below will appear:
Save to CMOS and Exit (Y/N)? N
Type “Y” and press <Enter>. The modifications you have made will be
written into the CMOS memory, and the system will reboot. You will
once again see the initial diagnostics on the screen. If you wish to make
additional changes to the setup, press <Ctrl> <Alt> <Esc>
simultaneously or <Del> after memory testing is done.
3.1.13 Exit Without Saving
When you do not want to save the changes you have made, highlight
“Exit Without Saving” and press <Enter>. The message below will
appear:
Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? N
Type “Y” and press <Enter>. The system will reboot and you will once
again see the initial diagnostics on the screen. If you wish to make any
changes to the setup, press <Ctrl> <Alt> <Esc> simultaneously or
<Del> after memory testing is done.
56
Supported Softwares
4
Chapter 4 - Supported Softwares
4.1 Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
The system board comes with a DMI built into the BIOS. DMI, along
with the appropriately networked software, is designed to make
inventory, maintenance and troubleshooting of computer systems easier.
With DMI, a network administrator or MIS engineer can remotely
access some information about a particular computer system without
physically going to it. Quite often a service call may be unnecessary as
the problem can be solved remotely.
The DMI utility in the BIOS automatically records various information
about your system configuration. Information about the type and speed
of CPU, type and amount of memory for each memory slot, BIOS
revision level, types of add-in PCI boards and components, certain
revision numbers of hardware installed, etc. are automatically detected
and stored in the DMI pool, which is a part of the system board's
Plug and Play BIOS. Additional information, such as ISA based
peripherals, which may not be automatically detected, can be manually
recorded in the DMI pool by using the Add DMI menu. The DMI pool
data is then verified or updated whenever the system hardware or
setup is altered.
4.1.1 Running the DMI Utility
To run the DMI utility, type: DMICFG.EXE. Please contact your sales
representative for the utility.
The DMI utility must run in real mode with at least 180K of base
memory. Memory managers like HIMEM.SYS (required by Windows)
must not be installed. You may do this by using one of the 3 methods
listed below.
1. Boot up from a system diskette without the AUTOEXEC.BAT and
CONFIG.SYS files,
2. “REM” HIMEM.SYS in the CONFIG.SYS, or
3. Press <F5> during bootup to bypass your AUTOEXEC.BAT and
CONFIG.SYS files.
57
4
Supported Softwares
4.1.2 Using the DMI Utility
Award DMI Configuration Utility Copyright Award Software Inc, 1996
[Edit DMI] [Add DMI] [Load DMI File] [Save DMI File]


BIOS
System
Enclosure/Chassis
Processor
Memory Controller
Memory Module
Memory Module
Memory Module
Memory Module
Cache
Cache
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
Port Connector
System Slots

↑ ↓ ← Move cursor
→
*** BIOS Auto Detect ***
Type : BIOS Information
Handle : 0000
Vendor Name :
BIOS Version :
BIOS Starting Address Segment : F000
BIOS Build Date :
BIOS Characteristics :
Size of BIOS ROM : 0128K
ENTER-Accept
DEL-Delete
ESC-Abort&Exit
The four menus located on top of the DMI Configuration Utility screen
are Edit DMI, Add DMI, Load DMI File and Save DMI File. Use the
← or → (left or right) arrow keys to select a menu from the Menu
bar.
On the left side of the screen is a list of the system configuration items.
Use the ↑ or ↓ (up or down) arrow keys to select an item.
The commands at the bottom of the screen will allow you to navigate
through the various setup menus.
Edit DMI
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Edit DMI menu.
2. Highlight the item on the left screen that you would like to edit
by using the ↑ or ↓ arrow keys, then press <Enter>.
3. The cursor will move to the screen you select allowing you to edit
information. The screen will also display the auto-detected
information.
4. Press <F10> to update the edited information into the flash ROM.
58
Supported Softwares
4
Add DMI
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Add DMI menu.
2. Highlight the item on the left screen that you would like to add
by using the ↑ or ↓ arrow keys, then press <Enter>.
3. The cursor will move to the screen you select allowing you to enter
information about the added item.
4. Press <F10> to save information into the flash ROM.
To view information about the added items, go to the Edit DMI menu.
Load DMI File
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Load DMI File menu.
2. The following message will appear.
Press [Enter] to select DMI file for load
Press <Enter>.
3. The DMI files will appear on the screen. Select the file you would
like to load and press <Enter>.
4. The following message will appear.
Do you want to execute? (Y/N)
Type <Y>. All previous DMI structures will be destroyed and the
new file will be saved into the flash ROM.
Save DMI File
1. Use the ← or → arrow keys to select the Save DMI File menu.
2. The following message will appear.
Press [Enter] to select DMI file for save
Press <Enter>.
3. Enter the directory and filename under which you would like the
DMI file saved.
59
4
Supported Softwares
4.2 System Health Monitor Utility
The system board comes with a System Health Monitor utility. This
utility shows the current temperature of the processor, power
voltages, and CPU/Chassis fan speed.
The utility also allows you to manually set the range of the
processor’s temperature, power voltages, and CPU/Chassis fan
speed. If the settings/values are over or under the set range, an
error message will pop-up and an alarm will sound. There are three
types of sound for the three different failure alarms (temperature,
voltage and fan). Refer to the Chipset Features Setup (Chapter 3)
section for details.
When you hear a failure alarm, you must power off your computer
and check the following: processor fan/heatsink, chassis fan and
power supply. We recommend that you use the “Default Setting”
which is the ideal setting that would keep the system in good
working condition.
Genesys Logic System Health Monitor (for VIA)
The time
interval for
monitoring
the system
CPU
temperature
limit
Current
temperature
of the CPU
Polling Interval:
4 Seconds
Temperature
CPU Over-Heat Temperature: 80
Celsius
CPU Hysterisis Temperature: 75
Fahrenheit
CPU Temperature:
Update w/o Save
Update and Save
User Setting
Default Setting
29
Quit
Voltage (V)
High Limit: Current Voltage: Low Limit:
Output
voltage
limit
3.3V Values
60
3.35
3.00
12V Values
13.20
12.91
10.80
5V Values
5.50
5.08
4.50
Fan (RPM)
CPU/
Chassis
fan speed
limit
3.60
Low Limit:
Current Speed:
CPU Fan
2000
5454
Chassis Fan
2000
3287
Minimize when Startup
Alarm when
CPU Over Heat
3.3V Abnormal
12V Abnormal
5V Abnormal
CPU Fan Abnormal
Chassis Fan Abnormal
When
enabled,
this screen
will minimize
and display a
histogram
icon after
boot-up
These
items when
enabled will
alert you in
case of
detected
failure
Supported Softwares
4
Important:
Once the utility is installed, the system will ignore the settings in
the “System Health Monitor” field of the Chipset Features Setup.
If you are using Windows 95/98 or Windows NT 4.0, you may
select between using the utility and the Chipset Features Setup.
For other operating systems, you may only use the Chipset
Features Setup.
4.2.1 Installing the Utility
Insert the CD that came with the system board into a CD-ROM
drive. The autorun screen (Main Board Utility CD) will appear. Click
“System Health Monitor Utility”. After completing installation, you will
find this utility in “StartUp” under “Programs” of Windows 95/98/
NT4.0. Please refer to its “Readme” file for details on using the utility.
4.3 Drivers
The system board package comes with drivers contained in the
provided CD. For installation instructions or information about their
corresponding “readme”, click the “Read Me” button in the autorun
screen. The autorun screen normally appears after the CD is inserted
into a CD-ROM drive.
All steps or procedures to install software drivers are subject to
change without notice as the softwares are occassionally updated.
Please refer to the readme files for the latest information.
61
A
System Error Message
Appendix A - Watchdog Timer
A.1 Using the Watchdog Timer Function
The following are the parameters for enabling or disabling the
Watchdog Timer function when using ASSEMBLY or GWBASIC applications.
When enabled, the application accesses read port 443 (HEX). When
disabled, it accesses read port 43 (HEX).
To set the timer, see Jumper Settings for Watchdog Timer in chapter
2. The default setting is 1 sec. To initiate the program, you must type
the following.
IN ASSEMBLY
To enable Watchdog Timer and reload the timer, type:
MOV
IN
DX, 0443H
AL, DX
MOV
IN
DX, 043H
AL, DX
To disable, type:
IN GWBASIC
To enable Watchdog Timer and reload the timer, type:
A = INP (&H443)
To disable, type:
A = INP (&H43)
Please note that your custom software must regularly reload the
timer (by reading that port) before the Watchdog Timer times out.
Otherwise, the system will assume the machine has already hung-up
and will next reboot.
Remember to disable it before the software ends/exits.
62
Identifying Processors
B
Appendix B - Identifying Processors
B.1 Intel Processors
SXXXX/RSS
R (voltage range)
V for VRE voltage range
S for Standard voltage range
SXXXX/KLM
K = V for VRE voltage range, S for Standard voltage range
L = M for min valid MD timings, S for min valid standard
timings
M = U is not tested for DP, S is tested for DP, UP and MP
B.2 Cyrix Processors
6x86MX-PR166
60MHz Bus 2.5x
Product P-rating
name
Processor
clock
speed
M II-300GP
75MHz Bus 3x
Product
name
Processor
clock
speed
2.9V (or as
marked)
Core
voltage
as
2.9V (or
marked)
Core
voltage
63
B
Identifying Processors
B.3 IBM Processor
6x86MX-PR266
2.5x 83MHz-2.9V CORE
Product P-rating
name
Processor Core
clock
voltage
speed
B.4 AMD Processors
AMD-K6-233ANR
K6 = Processor core
233 = Performance rating
A = Package type: Type A = CPGA
B = Operating voltage:
N: 3.1V-3.3V (core)/3.135V-3.6V (I/O)
L: 2.755V-3.045V (core)/3.135V-3.6V (I/O)
X = Case temperature
W: 55oC R: 70oC Q: 65oC
Y: 75oC X: 65oC Z: 85oC
AMD-K6-2/300AFR
K6-2 = Processor core
300 = Performance rating
A = Package type: Type A = 321-pin CPGA
F = Operating voltage:
2.1-2.3V Core/3.135-3.6V I/O
X = Case temperature
W: 55oC R: 70oC Q: 65oC
Y: 75oC X: 65oC Z: 85oC
64
Identifying Processors
B
B.5 IDT Processors
C6-PSME200GA
Product
name Processor clock speed
3.52Vcc (66MHz clock)
Processor External system bus clock
voltage
WinChip2-233
Product Processor
name clock speed
3.5 X 66MHz Clock
Frequency External system
ratio
bus clock
65
C
System Error Message
Appendix C - System Error Message
When the BIOS encounters an error that requires the user to
correct something, either a beep code will sound or a message will
be displayed in a box in the middle of the screen and the message,
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, CTRL-ALT-ESC or DEL TO ENTER
SETUP, will be shown in the information box at the bottom. Enter
Setup to correct the error.
C.1 POST Beep
There are two kinds of beep codes in the BIOS. One code indicates
that a video error has occured and the BIOS cannot initialize the
video screen to display any additional information. This beep code
consists of a single long beep followed by three short beeps. The
other code indicates that a DRAM error has occured. This beep
code consists of a single long beep.
C.2 Error Messages
One or more of the following messages may be displayed if the
BIOS detects an error during the POST. This list indicates the error
messages for all Awards BIOSes:
CMOS BATTERY HAS FAILED
The CMOS battery is no longer functional. It should be replaced.
Caution:
Danger of explosion if battery incorrectly replaced. Replace only
with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
battery manufacturer’s instructions.
CMOS CHECKSUM ERROR
Checksum of CMOS is incorrect. This can indicate that CMOS has
become corrupt. This error may have been caused by a weak
battery. Check the battery and replace if necessary.
DISPLAY SWITCH IS SET INCORRECTLY
The display switch on the motherboard can be set to either
monochrome or color. This indicates the switch is set to a different
66
System Error Message
C
setting than indicated in Setup. Determine which setting is correct,
either turn off the system and change the jumper or enter Setup and
change the VIDEO selection.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (80)
Unable to reset floppy subsystem.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (40)
Floppy type mismatch.
Hard Disk(s) fail (80)
HDD reset failed.
Hard Disk(s) fail (40)
HDD controller diagnostics failed.
Hard Disk(s) fail (20)
HDD initialization error.
Hard Disk(s) fail (10)
Unable to recalibrate fixed disk.
Hard Disk(s) fail (08)
Sector Verify failed.
Keyboard is locked out - Unlock the key
The BIOS detects that the keyboard is locked. Keyboard controller is
pulled low.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached
correctly and no keys are being pressed during the boot.
Manufacturing POST loop
System will repeat POST procedure infinitely while the keyboard
controller is pull low. This is also used for the M/B burn in test at the
factory.
BIOS ROM checksum error - System halted
The checksum of ROM address F0000H-FFFFFH is bad.
Memory test fail
The BIOS reports memory test fail if the memory has error(s).
67
D
Troubleshooting
Appendix D - Troubleshooting
D.1 Troubleshooting Checklist
This chapter of the manual is designed to help you with problems
that you may encounter with your personal computer. To efficiently
troubleshoot your system, treat each problem individually. This is to
ensure an accurate diagnosis of the problem in case a problem has
multiple causes.
Some of the most common things to check when you encounter
problems while using your system are listed below.
1. The power switch of each peripheral device is turned on.
2. All cables and power cords are tightly connected.
3. The electrical outlet to which your peripheral devices are
connected is working. Test the outlet by plugging in a lamp or
other electrical device.
4. The monitor is turned on.
5. The display’s brightness and contrast controls are adjusted
properly.
6. All add-in boards in the expansion slots are seated securely.
7. Any add-in board you have installed is designed for your system
and is set up correctly.
Monitor/Display
If the display screen remains dark after the system is turned on:
1. Make sure that the monitor’s power switch is on.
2. Check that one end of the monitor’s power cord is properly
attached to the monitor and the other end is plugged into a
working AC outlet. If necessary, try another outlet.
3. Check that the video input cable is properly attached to the
monitor and the system’s display adapter.
4. Adjust the brightness of the display by turning the monitor’s
brightness control knob.
68
Troubleshooting
D
The picture seems to be constantly moving.
1. The monitor has lost its vertical sync. Adjust the monitor’s vertical
sync.
2. Move away any objects, such as another monitor or fan, that
may be creating a magnetic field around the display.
3. Make sure your video card’s output frequencies are supported
by this monitor.
The screen seems to be constantly wavering.
1. If the monitor is close to another monitor, the adjacent monitor
may need to be turned off. Fluorescent lights adjacent to the
monitor may also cause screen wavering.
Power Supply
When the computer is turned on, nothing happens.
1. Check that one end of the AC power cord is plugged into a live
outlet and the other end properly plugged into the back of the
system.
2. Make sure that the voltage selection switch on the back panel is
set for the correct type of voltage you are using.
3. The power cord may have a “short” or “open”. Inspect the cord
and install a new one if necessary.
Floppy Drive
The computer cannot access the floppy drive.
1. The floppy diskette may not be formatted. Format the diskette
and try again.
2. The diskette may be write-protected. Use a diskette that is not
write-protected.
3. You may be writing to the wrong drive. Check the path
statement to make sure you are writing to the targeted drive.
4. There is not enough space left on the diskette. Use another
diskette with adequate storage space.
69
D
Troubleshooting
Hard Drive
Hard disk failure.
1. Make sure the correct drive type for the hard disk drive has
been entered in the BIOS.
2. If the system is configured with two hard drives, make sure the
bootable (first) hard drive is configured as Master and the
second hard drive is configured as Slave. The master hard drive
must have an active/bootable partition.
Excessively long formatting period.
1. If your hard drive takes an excessively long period of time to
format, it is likely a cable connection problem. However, if your
hard drive has a large capacity, it will take a longer time to
format.
Parallel Port
The parallel printer doesn’t respond when you try to print.
1. Make sure that your printer is turned on and that the printer is
on-line.
2. Make sure your software is configured for the right type of
printer attached.
3. Verify that the onboard LPT port’s I/O address and IRQ settings
are configured correctly.
4. Verify that the attached device works by attaching it to a parallel
port that is working and configured correctly. If it works, the
printer can be assumed to be in good condition. If the printer
remains inoperative, replace the printer cable and try again.
70
Troubleshooting
D
Serial Port
The serial device (modem, printer) doesn’t output anything or is
outputting garbled characters.
1. Make sure that the serial device’s power is turned on and that
the device is on-line.
2. Verify that the device is plugged into the correct serial port on
the rear of the computer.
3. Verify that the attached serial device works by attaching it to a
serial port that is working and configured correctly. If the serial
device does not work, either the cable or the serial device has a
problem. If the serial device works, the problem may be due to
the onboard I/O or the address setting.
4. Make sure the COM settings and I/O address are configured
correctly.
Keyboard
Nothing happens when a key on the keyboard was pressed.
1. Make sure the keyboard is properly connected.
2. Make sure there are no objects resting on the keyboard and
that no keys are pressed during the booting process.
System Board
1. Make sure the add-in card is seated securely in the expansion
slot. If the add-in card is loose, power off the system, re-install
the card and power up the system.
2. Check the jumper settings to ensure that the jumpers are
properly set.
3. Verify that all memory modules are seated securely into the
memory sockets.
4. Make sure the memory modules are in the correct locations.
5. If the board fails to function, place the board on a flat surface
and seat all socketed components. Gently press each component
into the socket.
6. If you made changes to the BIOS settings, re-enter setup and
load the BIOS defaults.
71
Download PDF

advertising