US Robotics | x2/56K | Operating instructions | US Robotics x2/56K Operating instructions

This manual covers installation and operating instructions for the following 3Com modems:
U.S. Robotics 56 Kbps∗ Voice internal and external modems
3Com, the 3Com logo, and U.S. Robotics are registered trademarks and Connections, RapidComm, and
x2 are trademarks of 3Com Corporation or its subsidiaries. Windows is a registered trademark of
Microsoft Corp. CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe Inc. America Online is a
registered trademark of America Online Inc. Any other trademarks, trade names, or service marks used
in this manual are the property of their respective owners.
© 1998 3Com Corporation
7770 North Frontage Road
Skokie, IL 60077-2690
All Rights Reserved
∗ IMPORTANT! In accordance with the ITU-T standard for 56K transmissions, this modem is capable of
56 Kbps downloads. However, due to FCC rules which restrict power output of the service providers’
modems, current download speeds are limited to 53 Kbps. Actual speeds may vary depending on line
conditions and other factors. Uploads from users to server equipment travel at speeds up to 31.2 Kbps.
An analog phone line compatible with the ITU-T 56K standard or x2 technology, and an Internet
provider or corporate host site compatible with the ITU-T 56K standard or x2 technology are necessary
for these high-speed downloads.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Welcome to 56K Information Access
Product Features
Before You Begin (Windows 95 Users)
Determining Available Resources
Determining Your Version of Windows 95
Internal Modem Installation with Windows 3.x
A Word about COM Ports and IRQs
How to Use ComTest to Determine Your Modem’s Settings
Testing an Installed Modem
What to Do with ComTest’s Recommendation
How to Change the Modem’s Settings
How to Insert the Modem into the Computer
Internal Modem Installation with Windows 95
How to Prepare for Plug and Play Installation
How to Insert the Modem into the Computer
Installing the Modem Drivers
External Modem Installation with Windows 95
Determining Which Serial Cable to Buy
Connecting the Modem to the Computer
Installing the Modem Drivers
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3
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4
5
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9
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Software Installation
Running the Setup Wizard
Using Connections
Installing the RapidComm™ Voice Fax/Data/Voice Software
Installing Other Fax/Data Software
Type of Modem
Initialization String
Flow Control
UART (External Modems Only)
Using Modem Station
What Does Modem Station Do?
Why Modem Station?
Installing Modem Station
Starting Modem Station
Using Detect New Modems
Using Terminal
Using Modem Configurator
Using Modem to Computer
Using the Extended Information Screens
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48
50
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51
51
52
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58
60
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
U.S. Robotics Modem Update Wizard
Installing the Wizard
Updating Your Modem
Troubleshooting and Online Help Resources
RapidComm Voice Troubleshooting Tips
If Plug and Play Does Not Detect Your Modem
Online Help Resources
Are You Still Having Problems?
If You Need to Return the Modem to Us for Repair
Glossary
Regulatory Information
Manufacturer’s Declaration of Conformity
Limited Warranty
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WELCOME TO 56K* INFORMATION ACCESS
The International Telecommunications Union
(ITU) determines the technical protocols
communications devices must use to
interoperate with each other. Modems that
comply with ITU standards can “talk” to other
standards-compliant modems and fax
machines worldwide.
This modem allows the greatest compatibility
for high speed downloads from service
providers that offer the ITU 56K standard
technology or x2 technology to their
customers. 3Com is working with providers
everywhere to quickly upgrade their service to
the ITU 56K standard.
The ITU has determined a worldwide standard
for 56K modem technology . With a U.S.
Robotics modem, you can get all the Internet
you want from any service provider who offers
the ITU 56K standard or x2™ technology.
* In accordance with the ITU-T standard for 56K
transmissions, this modem is capable of 56 Kbps
downloads. However, due to FCC rules which
restrict power output of the service providers’
modems, current download speeds are limited to 53
Kbps. Actual speeds may vary depending on line
conditions and other factors. Uploads from users
to server equipment travel at speeds up to 31.2
Kbps. An analog phone line compatible with the
ITU-T 56K standard or x2 technology, and an
Internet provider or corporate host site compatible
with the ITU-T 56K standard or x2 technology are
necessary for these high-speed downloads.
1
PRODUCT FEATURES
Modulation Schemes
56K ITU-T standard
x2™ technology
ITU-T V.34+
ITU-T V.34
ITU-T V.32bis
ITU-T V.32
ITU-T V.22bis
ITU-T V.22
ITU-T V.23
Bell 212A
ITU-T V.21
Bell 103
Error Control and Data
Compression Schemes
ITU-T V.42
ITU-T V.42bis
MNP 2-5
2
Fax Modulation Schemes
ITU-T V.17
ITU-T V.29
ITU-T V.27ter
ITU-T V.21
Back Channel Link Rates
4800, 7200, 9600, 12000, 14400,
16800, 19200, 21600, 24000,
26400, 28800, 31200
33600
Fax Standards
EIA 578 Class 1 FAX
EIA 592 Class 2.0 FAX
V.34+ Link Rates
4800, 7200, 9600, 12000, 14400,
16800, 19200, 21600, 24000,
26400, 28800, 31200, 33600
Front Channel Link Rates
28000, 29333, 30666, 32000,
33333, 34666, 36000, 37333,
38666, 40000, 41333, 42666,
44000, 45333, 46666, 48000,
49333, 50666, 52000, 53333,
54666, 56000, 57333
V.32bis Link Rates
4800, 7200, 9600, 12000, 14400
Additional Link Rates
300, 1200/75 (V.23), 1200, 2400
Fax Link Rates
2400, 4800, 7200, 9600,
12000, 14400
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS® 95 USERS)
Determining Available
Resources
Your U.S. Robotics® Voice modem is a Plug
and Play device. Windows® 95 can
automatically identify a Plug and Play device
and determine if your system has the resources
necessary to support the device. However,
Plug and Play will not work if you do not have
resources available or if devices on your
system are not reporting resource usage
correctly. Here’s how you can verify that your
system has the necessary resources before
installing the modem:
1. Click the Windows 95 Start button, point
to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
2. Double-click the System icon.
3. When the “System Properties” screen
appears, click the Device Manager tab.
4. Double-click Computer and the
“Computer Properties” screen appears.
5. Select the option at the top of the screen to
show Interrupt Requests (IRQs).
You will see the IRQs your system is currently
using. If IRQs 3, 4, 5, and 7 are being used,
you need to free an IRQ before you begin
installation. This process involves moving a
device from the IRQ you want to use to a
different (and usually higher) IRQ setting.
Please read the documentation for (or contact
the manufacturer of) the device that is currently
using the IRQ you want to use for your modem
to learn more about how to free the IRQ for
your modem.
3
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
Determining Your Version of
Windows 95
Follow these steps to determine your version
of Windows 95. This information will be
important during installation.
1. Click the My Computer icon on your
desktop with the right mouse button.
2. Click Properties.
3. In the “System Properties” screen, look at
the system information under the General
tab (circled in the following screen image).
The number following the text “Microsoft
Windows 95” will end with “950”, “950a”,
or “950b”. This indicates your version of
Windows 95. Write this number on the
blank below for later reference. Then click
OK.
4
Windows 95 version _________________
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS®
3.X
You will need these items from your
U.S. Robotics® modem box:
modem
Connections™ CD
Plus:
screwdriver (not included)
phone cord
microphone
A Word about COM Ports and
IRQs
Most computer accessories — mouse, sound
card, enhanced graphics card, scanner, etc. —
require a special connection through which
they can communicate with the computer. For
some devices, this connection is called a
communications (or COM) port. Most
computers have 1 or 2 COM ports, though
they can have up to 4. Although internal
modems do not connect to COM ports
directly, they do require a COM port setting,
which is determined by the setting on the
modem’s COM jumper pins.
5
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
Each COM port uses an interrupt request
(IRQ). An accessory uses an IRQ to get the
attention of your computer’s centralprocessing
unit (CPU) so that the accessory can perform
a task. The computer stops what it’s doing,
depending on the priority of the request, to
help the accessory perform its task. When two
accessories share an IRQ, it’s like two people
asking different questions in unison to a third
person. Just as the person being asked the two
questions cannot understand either request, a
computer can lock up or otherwise fail to
communicate properly with your modem when
there is an IRQ conflict.
6
KEY POINT: Accessories cannot
share COM ports and should not share
IRQs. When accessories try to share
settings, they will either not work
properly or not work at all.
3Com has set your modem to a default Plug
and Play setting which is ideal for Windows 95
users. In this configuration, the shunts used to
set your modem’s COM port and IRQ settings
are hanging from single jumper pins and will
not affect your modem’s settings. As a
Windows 3.x user, you need to run the
ComTest program (on the Connections CD)
to determine what settings your modem should
use.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
3. The screen in the next column appears when
NOTE: Some communications
software programs require a particular
setting for your modem (the RapidComm
software, which shipped with your modem,
does not). If you wish to use a program
other than RapidComm, now is a good time
to read that software’s manual to
determine what setting is required.
How to Use ComTest to Determine Your
Modem’s Settings
ComTest starts.
• If there is a modem in your computer
which you are replacing with your new
U.S. Robotics modem, go to “Testing an
Installed Modem” on page 9 to
determine which COM and IRQ settings
the older modem is using.
• If a modem is not currently installed in
your computer, click Recommend
settings for a new modem. Then click
Next.
1. Insert the Connections CD into your CDROM drive.
2. In Windows’ Program Manager, click File
and then click Run. Type d:\comtest.exe
and press ENTER. This starts ComTest, the
program that determines which COM ports
and IRQs are available for use by your
modem.
7
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
4. Click Internal Modem. Then click Next.
Write down the displayed settings here:
COM Port_________ IRQ_________
You will need to know these settings later.
Click Next.
5. If you have a free setting, you will see a
screen like this.
(COM2/IRQ3 is free in this example.)
8
If you do not have a free setting, you will
see a screen like the follwoing. Click Finish
to exit ComTest. Go to “What to Do with
ComTest’s Recommendation” on page 10.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
6. When you see this screen, click Finish to
exit ComTest.
If ComTest recommended COM 1/IRQ 4
or COM 2/IRQ 3, turn to “How to Change
the Modem’s Settings” on page 12.
Otherwise, go to “What to Do with
ComTest’s Recommendation” on page 10.
Testing an Installed Modem
If there is a modem already installed in your
computer, you can determine its COM and
IRQ settings by selecting the Test an
installed modem option. Follow the
instructions on screen until you see the screen
that tells you “Testing is complete.” This screen
will also tell you which COM and IRQ settings
your present modem is using. These are the
settings you want to use for your new U.S.
Robotics modem. Write down the displayed
settings here:
COM Port_________ IRQ_________
Turn off and unplug your computer and
remove your present modem using its
documentation as a guide. Go to “How to
Change the Modem’s Settings” on page 12.
9
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
What to Do with ComTest’s
Recommendation
NOTE: If your communications
software requires a modem setting that
ComTest does not recommend, there is
a good chance that the setting is being
used by another device in your system.
To free that setting in your system,
consult your computer’s manual. Go to
“How to Change the Modem’s Settings”
on page 12.
If ComTest recommended COM3/IRQ4
or COM4/IRQ3
Do not use either of these settings. While the
COM port part of the setting is acceptable
(ComTest only recommends COM ports that
are not being used), the IRQ part of the setting
10
is not acceptable. When ComTest
recommends either COM3/IRQ4 or
COM4/IRQ3, the IRQ in the setting is being
used by another accessory. You could use the
suggested IRQ for the modem, but you run the
risk that the modem and/or the other accessory
sharing the IRQ might not work properly.
If you do not have a sound card, use
COM3/IRQ5. Write “COM3” and “IRQ5”
where it will be convenient during the
software installation. You will have to change
the settings on your modem. Go to “How to
Change the Modem’s Settings” on page 12.
If you do have a sound card, use
COM2/IRQ3. To use this setting, you have to
first disable your computer’s second serial port
(COM2). This is a pronged socket on the
back of your computer.
• Go to your computer manufacturer’s
manual.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
• Find out how to disable the COM port.
• Find out which of the sockets on the back
of your computer COM 2.
• If you have something plugged into that
port, find out if you can plug it in
somewhere else. Any accessory plugged
into that port will not work after the port
has been disabled.
• Then return to this point in this manual to
continue.
After disabling COM2, you can use the
COM2/IRQ3 setting.
Write “COM2” and “IRQ3” where it will be
convenient during the software installation and
go to “How to Change the Modem’s Settings”
on page 12.
If ComTest reports that “You do not
have any available COM ports and/or
IRQs”
We recommend you disable COM1 or
COM2. When you disable one of these COM
ports, you can use it and its default IRQ for
your modem. Go to your computer
manufacturer’s manual.
• Find out which socket is COM1 and which
is COM2.
• If nothing is plugged into either port, you
may choose either of the ports to disable.
Your computer manufacturer’s manual will
tell you how to disable the COM port.
• If one port does not have anything plugged
into it, note if the port is COM1 or COM2.
This is the port you’ll want to disable for
your modem.
• If both ports are being used, you may be
able to attach one of the plugged-in
11
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
accessories elsewhere so that you can
disable its COM port. The accessory will
not work once its port is disabled.
If you’ve disabled COM1, you can now use
the COM1/IRQ4 setting. Write this setting
down where it will be convenient during the
software installation.
damage your modem. Then take the
modem out of its plastic bag.
2. Find the COM and IRQ jumper shunts
(small black plastic pieces) on your
modem’s jumper pins (see the following
diagram).
If you’ve disabled COM2, you can now use
the COM2/IRQ3 setting. Write the setting
down where it will be convenient during the
software installation. Go to “How to Change
the Modem’s Settings” (on this page).
How to Change the Modem’s
Settings
1. Always touch an unpainted metal part of
your computer (the back is usually
unpainted) to discharge static electricity
before handling the modem. Static can
12
3. To change the COM port and IRQ settings,
you need to reposition the jumper shunts on
the COM port and IRQ pins. To do this, lift
the jumper shunts off the pins.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
TIP: Grasp the jumper shunts with
a tweezers or needle-nosed pliers. DO
NOT grasp too firmly, as you may crush
the jumper shunts. If a jumper shunt
seems stuck, gently rock it back and
forth as you lift. Do not touch any other
part of the modem or your computer
with the tweezers/pliers. A jumper
shunt needs to be sitting on both
jumper pins in order to effectively set
the modem to the desired setting.
4. Move the jumper shunt to the new setting.
• The COM port setting can involve one
to three shunts. The four possible COM
port settings are as follows:
0
0
1
1
SE
L
COM 1
0
0
1
1
SE
L
COM 3
SE
L
COM 2
SE
L
COM 4
• Unlike most COM port settings, the
IRQ setting involves only one jumper
shunt. Simply move the jumper shunt to
the pins labeled with the IRQ you need.
13
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
How to Insert the Modem into
the Computer
NOTE: Before installing your
modem, write its serial number in the
space provided here:
SERIAL
NUMBER:_____________
You will find the serial number
underneath the bar code on the white
sticker on the modem and on the
outside of the box the modem came in.
If you ever need to call our customer
support department, a customer
support representative will ask you
for the serial number. This will help
him or her identify your modem.
14
1. Turn off your computer and unplug it from
the electrical outlet.
2. Unplug any peripheral devices (printer,
monitor, keyboard, mouse, etc.) from the
computer.
TIP: Before you unplug anything,
label the cords or make a sketch of how
things are connected. This can be
helpful when you plug things back in
later.
CAUTION : To avoid the risk of
electric shock, make sure your computer
and all peripheral devices are turned off
and unplugged.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
3. Remove the screws from your computer’s
cover and then remove the cover, as shown
in the following diagrams. Your computer
may differ in appearance from these
diagrams, but the basic principle for
removing the cover should be the same.
Contact your computer manufacturer or
review their manual if you need further
instructions.
4. Find an empty ISA expansion slot at least
as long as the gold edge of your modem.
(ISA slots are usually black plastic grooves
lined with silver metal.) Unscrew and
remove the expansion slot cover (the long
narrow piece of metal that keeps dust from
entering through the opening perpendicular
to the slot). Be careful not to drop the
screw into the computer. You will need it
later to screw the modem into place.
15
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
5. Holding the modem at each corner, with the
gold edge facing the slot, push the modem
down as gently as possible until it snaps into
the expansion slot. (The drawings show
horizontally aligned expansion slots. Some
computers have vertically aligned slots. The
instructions apply to both styles.)
You need to apply a little pressure to seat
the modem properly. Sometimes a gentle
back-and-forth motion helps to fit the
modem all the way into the slot. If you feel
resistance, the modem may not be properly
lined up with the slot. Do not force it into
the slot. Remove the modem and try again.
16
6. Once the modem is in the slot, fasten it
firmly into place using the screw that you
removed in step 4.
7. Replace the computer’s cover and fasten it
with the screws you removed in step 3.
8. If you currently have a phone plugged into
the wall jack you plan to use for the
modem, disconnect the phone’s cord from
the jack.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
WARNING : The phone jack you
use must be for an ANALOG phone line
(the type found in most homes). Many
office buildings have digital phone
lines. Be sure you know which type of
line you have. The modem will be
damaged if you use a digital phone line.
9. Plug one end of the phone cord that came
with the modem into the TELCO jack at
the rear of the modem. Plug the other end
of the cord into the wall jack.
10.If you wish to use a phone through the line
the modem uses (when the modem is not in
use), plug your phone’s cord into the
modem’s PHONE jack.
NOTE: You cannot use the modem
and a phone at the same time if they
share the same telephone line.
11. Plug the microphone into the MIC jack on
the modem.
12. To use the modem’s full-duplex
speakerphone capabilities, plug a set of
powered external speakers (not included)
into the SPEAKER jack on the modem.
17
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
13.Plug the power cords, cables, and
peripherals back into the computer and turn
the computer on.
16.Double-click the Control Panel icon.
14.Start Windows.
15.If you have your modem set to
COM1/IRQ4 or COM2/IRQ3, go to
“Software Installation” on page 47. If you
have your modem configured to any other
setting, open Program Manager and
double-click the Main icon.
18
17. Double-click the Ports icon.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
18.If it’s not already selected, click the COM
port for your modem. Then click Settings.
20.In the Interrupt Request Line (IRQ)
box, select the IRQ that ComTest
recommended.
21.Click OK.
19.Click Advanced.
22.You will see a screen prompting you to
restart Windows. Click Restart Now.
19
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 3.X
When Windows restarts, you are ready to
install the Connections program group and
20
register your modem online. Turn to “Software
Installation” (page 47) for more information.
®
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
You will need these items from your
U.S. Robotics modem box:
modem
Connections™ CD
Plus:
phone cord
microphone
NOTE: Complete the instructions
in the section “Before You Begin
(Windows 95 Users)” on page 3 before
continuing with the following
instructions.
Your new U.S. Robotics modem is a “Plug
and Play” device. This means Windows 95
should be able to detect your modem
automatically after you plug it into your
computer. The next section covers preparing
your new modem for Plug and Play installation.
screwdriver (not included)
21
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
How to Prepare for Plug and
Play Installation
1. Touch an unpainted metal part of your
computer (the back is usually unpainted) to
discharge static electricity. Static can
damage your modem.
2. Take the modem out of its plastic bag.
3. Find the jumper shunts (small black plastic
pieces) on the COM port and IRQ jumper
pins on your modem. They should be in
roughly the area indicated in the following
illustration.
22
When doing a “Plug and Play” installation,
the jumper shunts should be placed so that
they are hanging from single jumper pins
rather than on pairs of pins. Move your
jumper shunts so they are hanging as in the
following diagram.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
How to Insert the Modem into
the Computer
NOTE: Before installing your
modem, write its serial number here:
SERIAL NUMBER________________
NOTE: If you need to move the
jumper shunts, grasp them with a
tweezers or a needle-nosed pliers. DO
NOT grasp too firmly, however, or you
may crush the jumper shunts. If a
jumper shunt seems stuck, try gently
rocking it back and forth as you lift.
You’ll find the serial number
underneath the bar code on the white
sticker on the modem and on the
outside of the box the modem came in.
If you call our customer support
department, a customer support
representative will ask you for the
serial number. This will help him or
her identify your modem.
23
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
1. Turn off your computer and unplug it from
the electrical outlet.
2. Unplug any peripheral devices (printer,
monitor, keyboard, mouse, etc.) from the
computer.
TIP: Before you unplug any cords,
label them or make a sketch of how
they are connected. This can be helpful
when you plug them back in later.
CAUTION : To avoid risk of
electric shock, make sure your computer
and all peripheral devices are turned off
and unplugged from electrical outlets.
3. Remove the screws from your computer’s
cover and then remove the cover, as shown
24
in the following diagrams. Your computer
may differ in appearance from these
diagrams, but the basic principle for
removing the cover should be the same.
Refer to your computer manufacturer’s
manual if you need further instructions.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
4. Find an empty ISA expansion slot that’s at
least as long as the gold edge of your
modem. (ISA slots are usually black plastic
grooves lined with silver metal.) Unscrew
and remove the expansion slot cover (the
long narrow piece of metal that keeps dust
from entering through the opening
perpendicular to the slot). Be careful not to
drop the screw into the computer. You will
need it later to screw the modem into place.
5. Holding the modem at each corner, with the
gold edge facing the slot, push the modem
down as gently as possible until it snaps into
the expansion slot. (The following diagram
shows horizontally aligned expansion slots.
Some computers have vertically aligned
slots. The instructions apply to both styles.)
You need to apply a little pressure to seat
the modem properly. Sometimes a gentle
back-and-forth motion helps fit the modem
all the way into the slot. If you feel
resistance, the modem may not be properly
lined up with the slot. Do not force it into
the slot. Remove the modem and try again.
25
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
this jack, disconnect the telephone cord
from the jack.
WARNING : The phone jack you
use must be for an ANALOG phone line
(the type found in most homes). Many
office buildings have digital phone
lines. Be sure you know which type of
line you have. The modem will be
damaged if you use a digital phone line.
6. Once the modem is in the slot, fasten it
firmly into place using the screw that you
removed in step 4.
7. Replace the computer’s cover and fasten it
with the screws you removed in step 3.
8. Locate the wall jack you plan to use for the
modem. If you have a phone plugged into
26
9. Plug one end of the phone cord included
with the modem into the TELCO jack at
the rear of the modem. Plug the other end
of the cable into the wall jack.
10. If you wish to use a phone on the line the
modem is using when the modem is not in
use, plug your phone’s cord into the
modem’s PHONE jack.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
NOTE: You cannot use the modem
and a phone at the same time if they
share the same telephone line.
11. Plug the microphone into the MIC jack on
the modem.
12. To use the modem’s full-duplex
speakerphone capabilities, plug a set of
powered external speakers (not included)
into the SPEAKER jack on the modem.
13.Plug the power cords, cables, and
peripherals back into the computer and turn
on the computer.
Installing the Modem Drivers
NOTE: If you wrote “950b” on
page 4 of this User’s Guide, go to
“Installing Modem Drivers with
Windows 95 Version 950b” on page 31.
Otherwise, follow these instructions.
Installing Modem Drivers with
Windows 95 Versions 950 and 950a
1. When Windows 95 restarts, it should
detect the modem. If it does, you will see
the following screen.
27
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
2. When you see this screen, insert the
Connections CD into your CD-ROM
drive and type D:\ to replace the A:\. (If
your CD-ROM drive has a different letter
name, type that letter instead of D.)
Click Driver from disk provided by
hardware manufacturer. Then click OK.
Click OK. Windows will load the modem’s
drivers.
NOTE: If this screen does not
appear, go to the section titled “If Plug
and Play Does Not Detect Your Modem”
on page 83.
28
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
3. Once Windows finishes loading the
information from the CD-ROM, you should
verify that the modem installation was a
success. When your desktop returns, click
the Windows Start button and point to
Settings. Then click Control Panel.
4. Double-click the Modems icon (circled in
the screen image below).
29
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
5. In the “Modems Properties” screen, you
should see a description of your modem.
NOTE: If you do not see your
modem listed in the preceding
screen, the Plug and Play installation
was unsuccessful. Please refer to the
“If Plug and Play Does Not Detect
Your Modem” section on page 83.
6. Next, click the Diagnostics tab at the top
of the “Modems Properties” screen. Write
down the COM setting for your modem
below. (Your screen may show a different
setting than that shown in the following
screen.) You will need to know this setting
when you install fax/data communications
software. Click OK.
COM Port _______
This means the installation was a success.
Click OK.
30
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
Installing Modem Drivers with
Windows 95 Version 950b
1. When Windows restarts, it should detect
the modem (see screen below). Insert the
Connections CD and click Next.
You are now ready to install the Connections
program group and register your modem
online. Turn to “Software Installation” (page
47) for more information.
31
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
NOTE: If this screen does not
appear, go to “If Plug and Play Does Not
Detect Your Modem” on page 83.
2. When you see the following screen, click
Finish.
32
3. Now you should verify that the modem
installation was a success. When your
desktop returns, click the Windows Start
button and point to Settings. Then click
Control Panel.
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
4. Double-click the Modems icon (circled in
the screen image below).
5. In the “Modems Properties” screen, you
should see a description of your modem.
This means the installation was a success.
Click OK.
33
INTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
NOTE: If you do not see your
modem listed in the preceding
screen, the Plug and Play installation
was unsuccessful. Please refer to the
“If Plug and Play Does Not Detect
Your Modem” section on page 83.
6. Next, click the Diagnostics tab at the top
of the “Modems Properties” screen. Write
down the COM setting for your modem
below. (Your screen may show a different
setting than that shown in the following
screen.) You will need to know this setting
when you install fax/data communications
software. Click OK.
COM Port _______
34
You are now ready to install the Connections
program group and register your modem
online. Turn to “Software Installation” (page
47) for more information.
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
You’ll need these items from your U.S.
Robotics box:
modem
Connections CD
phone cord
power adapter
Plus:
RS-232 serial modem cable (NOT a “nullmodem” cable). (The cable is not included.
See next column for more details.)
NOTE: Complete the instructions
in the section “Before You Begin
(Windows 95 Users)” on page 3 before
continuing with the following
instructions.
Determining Which Serial
Cable to Buy
Before you can begin installation, you need to
purchase an RS-232 serial modem cable
(NOT a “null-modem” cable). This section will
help you to determine which serial modem
cable to purchase.
35
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
NOTE: Your computer’s rear panel
may not be identical to the following
diagrams. However, you should look for
connectors that match the enlarged
portions of the diagrams. If you cannot
locate the proper connector, refer to
your computer’s manual.
you need a shielded serial modem cable with a
25-pin female to 25-pin male connector.
If your PC's serial connector looks like this…
If your PC's serial connector looks like this…
you need a shielded serial modem cable with a
9-pin female to 25-pin male connector.
36
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
Connecting the Modem to the
Computer
3. Plug one end of the phone cord into the
TELCO jack and the other end into a
phone wall jack.
1. Turn off your computer and any attached
peripherals.
2. Connect the serial cable to the modem and
to the computer. When looking for the
serial port on the back of your computer,
look for labels marked COM, MODEM,
RS-232, or SERIAL.
DO NOT select AUX, GAME, LPT, or
PARALLEL.
CAUTION : The phone jack you
use must be for an ANALOG phone line
(the type found in most homes). Many
office buildings have digital phone
lines. Be sure you know which type of
line you have. The modem will be
damaged if you use a digital phone line.
37
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
If you wish to use your modem and phone
through the same phone wall jack, plug your
phone's cord into the modem's PHONE jack.
NOTE: You cannot use the modem
and phone at the same time if they
share the same telephone line.
4. Plug the power adapter that came with the
modem into a standard, 110-volt wall outlet
and insert its plug into the power jack on
the modem.
5. Turn on your modem. (The power switch is
next to the modem’s phone cord jacks.)
NOTE: If you use a different power
adapter or plug the adapter into a
higher-voltage outlet, you may damage
the modem.
6. Turn on your computer and peripherals.
38
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
Installing the Modem Drivers
NOTE: If you wrote “950b” on
page 4 of this User’s Guide, go to
“Installing Modem Drivers with
Windows 95 Version 950b” on page 43.
If you wrote “950” or “950a,” follow the
instructions that begin below.
Installing Modem Drivers with
Windows 95 Versions 950 and 950a
1. When Windows 95 restarts, it should
detect the modem. If it does, you will see
the following screen.
Click Driver from disk provided by
hardware manufacturer. Then click OK.
NOTE: If this screen does not
appear, go to the section titled “If Plug
and Play Does Not Detect Your Modem”
on page 83.
39
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
2. When you see this screen, insert the
Connections CD into your CD-ROM
drive and type D:\ to replace the A:\. (If
your CD-ROM drive has a different letter
name, type that letter instead of D.)
Click OK. Windows will load the modem’s
drivers.
40
3. Once Windows finishes loading the
information from the CD-ROM, you should
verify that the modem installation was a
success. When your desktop returns, click
the Windows Start button and point to
Settings. Then click Control Panel.
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
4. Double-click the Modems icon (circled in
the screen image below).
5. In the “Modems Properties” screen, you
should see your modem listed.
This means the installation was a success.
41
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
6. Next, click the Diagnostics tab at the top
of the “Modems Properties” screen. Write
down the COM setting for your modem
below. (Your screen may show a different
setting than that shown in the following
screen.) You will need to know this setting
when you install fax/data communications
software. Click OK.
COM Port _______
You are now ready to install the Connections
program group and register your modem
online. Turn to “Software Installation” (page
47) for more information.
42
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
Installing Modem Drivers with
Windows 95 Version 950b
1. When Windows restarts, it should detect
the modem. Insert the Connections CD
and click Next.
NOTE: If this screen does not
appear, go to the section titled “If Plug
and Play Does Not Detect Your Modem”
on page 83.
2. When you see the following screen, click
Finish.
43
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
3. Now you should verify that the modem
installation was a success. When your
desktop returns, click the Windows Start
button and point to Settings. Then click
Control Panel.
44
4. Double-click the Modems icon (circled in
the screen image below).
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
5. In the “Modems Properties” screen, you
should see your modem listed.
NOTE: If you do not see your
modem listed in the preceding
screen, the Plug and Play installation
was unsuccessful. Please refer to the
“If Plug and Play Does Not Detect
Your Modem” section on page 83.
6. Next, click the Diagnostics tab at the top
of the “Modems Properties” screen. Write
down the COM setting for your modem
below. (Your screen may show a different
setting than that shown in the following
screen.) You will need to know this setting
when you install your communications
software. Click OK.
COM Port _______
This means the installation was a success.
45
EXTERNAL MODEM INSTALLATION WITH WINDOWS 95
You are now ready to install the Connections
program group and register your modem
online. Turn to “Software Installation” (page
47) for more information.
46
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
This section explains running the
U.S. Robotics Setup Wizard on the
Connections™ CD.
Running the Setup Wizard
1. From the Windows 95 desktop, click the
Start button and then click Run.
The Wizard will guide you through installing the
Connections program group and testing your
modem by registering online.
Follow this section’s instructions to start the
Wizard and then follow the Wizard’s onscreen instructions.
NOTE: The following instructions
apply to Windows 3.x and Windows 95
users. However, only Windows 95
screens are shown.
47
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
2. In the text box, type D:\setup.exe.
(If your CD-ROM drive has a letter name
other than D, type that letter in place of D.)
Then click OK.
1. Insert the Connections CD into your CDROM drive.
2. Click Start, point to Programs, point to
U.S. Robotics Connections, and then
click Connections.
Installing the RapidComm™
Voice Fax/Data/Voice Software
3. Follow the on-screen instructions. After
running the Setup Wizard, you will be given
the option to explore the Connections CD.
Using Connections Software
Once installation is complete, you can use the
Connections CD at any time by following
these steps:
48
NOTE: If you have an older
version of RapidComm Voice installed
on your system, uninstall it before
continuing. To start the uninstall:
Windows 3.x users: Click on the
Uninstall icon in the RapidComm Voice
program group. Windows 95 users:
Double-click on the Add/Remove
Programs icon in the Control Panel.
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
The Connections CD contains the
RapidComm Voice fax/data/voice
communications program. You can use this
software to transfer faxes and data files to
remote modems and manage your voice mail.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions to finish
the installation.
Once you have installed the Connections
program group, you can install RapidComm
Voice. (The Setup Wizard does not install
RapidComm Voice.)
Congratulations—you are now
ready to start using your U.S.
Robotics modem!
The CD also contains an electronic user’s
manual for RapidComm Voice.
Follow these instructions to install RapidComm
Voice:
1. Start the Connections CD (follow the
instructions in the section “Using
Connections” on page 48).
2. On the main Connections menu, click the
Business & Productivity button.
3. Click the RapidComm Voice button.
49
INSTALLING OTHER FAX/DATA SOFTWARE
You can use fax/data/voice software other than
RapidComm Voice (the fax/data/voice
software on the Connections CD). Your
modem was designed for and tested using a
wide range of communications software
packages. This section will guide you through
some of the details you may need to know
when installing other communications software
packages.
Type of Modem
Most communications software programs will
ask you to select the type of modem you are
using. Select a U.S. Robotics Sportster high
speed modem. If that selection is not listed,
pick Courier Dual Standard, V.32bis, or
V.34.
50
KEY POINT: Refer to your software
manual for the program’s installation
instructions. The software’s installation
program will ask you questions about the
modem you are using.
Initialization String
For hardware flow control, a fixed serial port rate
and full result codes, type AT&F1 and press
ENTER. If you must use software flow control,
type AT&F2 and press ENTER.
NOTE: If you use the Modem Station
program to configure your modem, you
must use ATZ for the initialization string.
.
INSTALLING OTHER FAX /DATA SOFTWARE
Flow Control
• For hardware flow control (highly
recommended), select RTS/CTS.
• For software flow control, select
XON/XOFF.
NOTE: You may need to disable the
type of flow control (hardware or
software) that you are not using.
UART (External Modems)
If you are running Windows 3.x or you have
upgraded your system from Windows 3.x to
Windows 95, you can run MSD to determine
your UART setting. In DOS, type MSD at the
Windows directory prompt and then press
ENTER. Follow the on-screen instructions to
access the COM port settings panel. In this
panel you should find the UART chip used.
Match the UART type listed in MSD with the
serial rate listed in the chart below. Select this
serial rate (sometimes called the “port rate”) in
any communications software you use.
If this is your UART...
Select this
serial rate
16550*
115.2 or
57.6 kbps
16450
38.4 kbps
8250
19.2 kbps
*All U.S. Robotics internal modems have a 16550
UART.
NOTE: DO NOT select a 28,800,
14,400, or 12,000 bps serial port rate, if
offered. Your modem will NOT work
correctly with any of these settings. Fix
or lock the serial port (baud) rate (if it’s
referred to as autobaud, select OFF).
51
USING MODEM STATION
What Does Modem Station Do?
♦ Modem Station provides a simple to use
interface that makes communicating with
your modem easy.
♦ Modem Station allows you to point and
click your way through configuration.
♦ Modem Station can automatically detect
your modem and provide you with all the
technical information you need, whenever
you need it!
Why Modem Station?
♦ Modem commands can be confusing and
difficult to memorize.
♦ Communications software often requires
technical information about your modem.
52
♦ You may want to “tweak” your modem for
optimum performance.
Installing Modem Station
If you did not install Modem Station when you
first installed the Connections CD, please
follow these instructions.
1. Insert the Connections CD into your CDROM drive.
2. Double-click the My Computer icon on
your desktop.
3. Double-click the CD-ROM icon.
4. Double-click the usrtools folder.
5. Double-click the umssetup icon.
USING MODEM STATION
6. You will be asked whether you wish to
install Modem Station. Click Yes.
7. Wait a few moments for the Installation
Wizard to load.
9. When you see this screen, click Next to
accept the default directory or click
Browse to change directories.
8. After reading the information on the
“Welcome” screen, click Next.
53
USING MODEM STATION
10.Click Next on the following screen to
accept the default program folder. You can
place Modem Station in an existing folder
by selecting one from the list.
11. When you see the following screen, click
Finish to complete the installation.
If this is the first time you’ve installed
Modem Station, you may be asked to
restart your computer.
54
USING MODEM STATION
Starting Modem Station
1. If you did not start Modem Station from the
Setup program, please start it now.
2. Click Windows Start button and then point
to Programs. Click U.S. Robotics
Modem Station (or the folder you
selected during installation).
3. Click the Modem Station icon. This brings
up the main menu.
The main menu gives you direct access to
the following options:
DETECT NEW MODEMS
This option detects U.S. Robotics modems
installed on your system and shows what
COM port they are using. Click this option if
you are running Modem Station for the first
time, if you are changing modems, or if you
simply need to know what port your modem is
using.
TERMINAL
Terminal allows you to send commands
directly to your modem and displays the
responses. You can use Terminal to dial up
BBSs. In addition, you can configure your
modem using Terminal. However, it is much
easier to use the Modem Configurator.
55
USING MODEM STATION
MODEM CONFIGURATOR
Modem Configurator provides an easy-to-use
interface for entering hard-to-remember
commands. Use Modem Configurator for
troubleshooting, initial configuration, and tuning
your modem for optimum performance. Using
the options available in Modem Configurator,
you can control nearly every aspect of your
modem’s performance. We will discuss
Modem Configurator’s options in more detail
in later sections.
ABOUT
The About option provides copyright and
version information.
CONTACT/SUPPORT
This option details how to get in touch with
3Com.
56
TIP: For your convenience, we
provide many on-line support
avenues. For specific questions,
our fax-on-demand service is a
good place to start. You can
download FAQs, software, and help
files from our Web sites and BBS,
or receive individualized support
via support@usr.com. Type 0000 (4
zeroes) in the subject line of your
e-mail.
USING MODEM STATION
Using Detect New Modems
1. Click Detect New Modems to bring up
the following screen.
The screen consists of four columns, one for
each possible COM port on a PC. You
can scan a specific port(s) by selecting the
checkbox for that port.
2. Click Scan to have Modem Station check
for installed modems. This may take a few
moments.
3. When the scan finishes, you will see the
following display. Your display may differ
depending on the type and number of
modems installed.
If your modem is installed and configured
correctly, Modem Station will find the
57
USING MODEM STATION
modem and display make and model
information under the assigned port. All
currently active ports should display “Port
OK” under the heading. If a port displays a
“Port Error”, it usually means that the port is
disabled in system setup.
NOTE: Different systems and
BIOSes use different methods of
disabling COM ports. As a result,
we cannot provide support for
disabling/enabling COM ports.
Please refer to your system’s
documentation or contact the
manufacturer of your system for
further information.
If you look at the information for the port your
modem is using, you will see three buttons.
These allow you to access Terminal and
58
Modem Configurator without going back to
the main menu. Extended Information provides
detailed information about your modem,
previous connections, firmware dates, etc. This
next section details using the Terminal option.
Using Terminal
You can access Terminal from either the Main
menu or the Detect New Modems screen.
Clicking Terminal brings up the Terminal
window.
In addition to allowing direct entry of modem
commands, the Terminal window also allows
USING MODEM STATION
you to dial into Bulletin Boards, listing services,
and other online services.
NOTE: Modem Station’s
Terminal window is provided
primarily for troubleshooting
convenience. If you frequently use
BBSs, you will probably want to
use a separate, full-featured
Terminal program such as that
provided in our RapidComm
software.
On the lower part of the Terminal screen, you
will see the COM port your modem is
currently using. To select another modem,
simply click on the arrow and select that
modem’s assigned port.
To the right of the port settings are the port
speed settings. Port speed is the speed at
which your computer sends data to the
59
USING MODEM STATION
modem. We will discuss port speed settings in
detail later in this section.
Terminal includes a basic auto dialer.
To have Terminal dial a number for you, click
Dial to bring up the “Dial” screen.
You need to tell the Dialer a few things about
your phone system, such as whether it uses
tone or pulse dialing, what digit, if any, you
need to dial to get an outside line, and whether
the dialer should wait between dialing that digit
and the rest of the number. Once you provide
this information, simply enter the phone number
as if you were dialing a telephone. Click Dial
Now to dial the number.
You can end a call by clicking Hang Up at the
bottom of the screen.
60
When you are finished using Terminal, click
Exit to return to the screen you accessed it
from.
Using Modem Configurator
You can access Modem Configurator from
either the Main menu or the Detect New
Modems screen.
Click Modem Configurator to bring up this
menu.
USING MODEM STATION
The Modem Configurator menu gives you
access to the following options:
♦ FLOW CONTROL
♦ SERIAL PORT RATE
Data Control
This is the “Data Control” screen.
For information on using these settings, please
refer to the “Glossary” at the back of this
manual.
Click Help for quick definitions of the
terminology used in this screen.
In the upper left-hand corner of the screen,
you will see the data control commands
currently in use.
The “Data Control” screen allows you to
assign the following basic communications
settings:
♦
♦
♦
♦
PORT SPEED
PARITY
STOP BITS
WORD LENGTH
Once you have entered the Data Control
settings, click Save to Modem. This stores
the settings so that you do not have to re-enter
them.
This screen also displays the default DIP
switch settings.
61
USING MODEM STATION
TECHNICAL STUFF: DIP
switches are tiny switches that
control a few basic functions on
some external modems. On
modems without DIP switches,
these functions are handled by
modem commands.
Click Exit to return to the Modem
Configurator menu.
CONNECTION CONTROL
This is where you adjust your modem’s
connection and transmission settings.
Click Connection Control to bring up this
screen.
62
In the upper left hand corner of this screen,
you will find the current Connection Control
settings.
Use the “Connection Control” screen to
configure the following settings:
♦
♦
♦
♦
DATA TERMINAL READY (DTR)
ERROR CORRECTION
DATA COMPRESSION
CARRIER DETECT
USING MODEM STATION
For detailed information about these settings,
refer to the “Glossary” or the “Technical Quick
Reference” sections of this manual.
TIP: On external modems,
receiving a Data Terminal Ready signal
from the PC causes the TR light to light
up.
Once you have configured your Connection
Control settings, click Save to Modem to
save your settings.
Using Modem to Computer
These settings control how your modem and
computer communicate with each other. They
control what you see on your terminal screen
and how results are displayed.
Click Help for quick definitions of terminology
used in this screen.
63
USING MODEM STATION
If you look in the upper left hand corner of the
display, you will see the commands currently in
use.
The “Modem to Computer” screen allows you
to configure the following settings:
♦ LOCAL ECHO
♦ RESULT CODES
♦ RESULT CODE PREFERENCES
TIP: If you type ATDT and see
‘AATTDDTT’ on your screen, it is
possible that both your software and
modem have Local Echo set to ‘ON’.
Turn Local Echo ‘OFF’ on EITHER the
modem or the software to solve this
problem.
For details on using the commands in this
screen, refer to the “Glossary” or “Technical
Quick Reference” sections of this manual.
Click Help to see quick definitions of
terminology used in this screen.
This screen also includes a chart of the ways
result codes can be displayed. Click Codes to
view a chart of the display options.
Once you configure your settings, click Save
to Modem to save your choices.
64
USING MODEM STATION
CONNECTION RATES
The “Connection Rates” screen allows you to
configure modem speeds and protocols.
WARNING! Use caution
when changing connection
settings. Improper settings may
cause your modem to function
incorrectly, disconnect, or fail to
connect at all.
This screen allows you to configure the
following settings:
♦ MODULATIONS
♦ V.34 SYMBOL RATES
♦ SPEEDS
Again, once you have selected your settings,
click Save to Modem to save them.
When you are finished, click Exit to return to
the Modem Configurator menu.
Please refer to the main body of the manual
and the “Glossary” for detailed information
about the terminology and settings used in this
screen.
Click Help for quick definitions of terminology
used in this screen.
In the upper left hand corner of the screen you
will see the current connection commands.
65
USING MODEM STATION
DIALING/ANSWERING
The next screen allows you to adjust how your
modem initiates and receives calls.
STORED NUMBERS
The “Stored Numbers” screen displays the
phone numbers currently stored in your
modem’s memory.
Use this screen to edit or add numbers stored
in the modem’s memory.
Using this screen, you can configure the
following dial settings:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
66
WAIT FOR CARRIER
AUTO-ANSWER # OF RINGS
SPEAKER OPERATION
DIALING METHOD
SPEAKER VOLUME
To store a number in your modem’s memory,
simply click in one of the entry boxes. Type in
the phone number exactly as you would dial it.
Position Zero has a special feature. You can
set your modem to automatically dial this
USING MODEM STATION
number when your computer is turned on or
when it is reset. This is very useful if you are
using your modem with a “dumb terminal” or
know that you need to connect to a specific
bulletin board or listing service.
You can change stored numbers by highlighting
them and then typing the new numbers in their
place. Once you store your numbers, you can
dial them by entering a single command from
Terminal Mode:
(for example: ATDS0, ATDS1, or ATDS2).
Your U.S. Robotics modem comes with one
phone number already stored in Position 0. If
you haven’t changed the default, typing
ATDS0 will automatically dial the 3Com BBS.
Once you enter the numbers you wish to store,
click Save to Modem to store them. Click
Exit to return to the Main menu.
The last option, Restore Defaults, resets your
modem to factory specifications. This option is
available from many of the screens within
Modem Station.
TIP: Restore Defaults will set
your modem back to factory
specifications. It is a good place to
start when troubleshooting.
Using the Extended
Information Screens
The “Extended Information” screens provide
important and useful information about your
modem.
We devote a separate section to the Extended
Information screens so that we can explain
67
USING MODEM STATION
what you’ll see (and why it is important to you)
as fully as possible.
There are a series of commands used to obtain
detailed information from
U.S. Robotics modems. Extended Information
provides a convenient way to get that
important information without memorizing the
commands.
♦ DIAL/SECURITY
Winmodem users will have access to VxD
information via these screens. Courier users
will have access to Dial/Security information.
Click ROM Checksum to bring up the
following screen.
From the “Detect New Modems” screen, click
Extended Information. The “Extended
Information” screen provides access to the
following information about your modem:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
68
ROM CHECKSUM
PRODUCT
ACTIVE PROFILE
STORED PROFILE
CONFIGURATION PROFILE
LINK DIAGNOSTICS
VxD CONFIGURATION
Technicians use the ROM Checksum to verify
information stored in the modem’s Read Only
Memory. For information about the specific
USING MODEM STATION
modem you are using, click Product to bring
up the next screen.
The “Product” screen displays the make and
model of your modem.
Your modem is able to store two
configurations or “profiles.” Only one can be
active at any time.
To see information about the profile in use,
click Active Profile to bring up the next
screen.
This screen contains information about your
modem’s current configuration. Starting from
the top, you will see the make and model of
your modem. Directly below that, you will see
basic commands currently in use followed by
the current connection settings.
69
USING MODEM STATION
The two lines below the connection settings are
the advanced commands currently in use.
Below them is a display of the contents of the
‘S-Registers’ for your modem. These registers
are special programmable areas of your
modem’s memory. They are used to store
commands that are too complex to be handled
by the standard (or ‘AT’) commands. Just
below that you will see the last number dialed.
The next option displays the “Stored Profile”
screen. This screen shows the configuration
stored in your modem’s NVRAM (special
programmable memory). Note that any stored
phone numbers are displayed on this screen as
well.
The next two screens contain information that
our technical support representatives may need
if you request support.
70
Click Configuration to bring up the first of
these screens.
The “Configuration” screen displays the
following information about your modem.
• Product Type displays the information
relating to the make and model of your
modem.
USING MODEM STATION
• Options displays the protocols available to
your modem.
• Fax Options displays your fax
compatibility.
• Clock Frequency displays the speed of the
tiny “clock” that controls the timing of
operations within the modem.
• EPROM displays how much information
can be stored in the EPROM (or
Supervisor) chip.
• RAM displays how much memory your
modem has for processing commands and
internal functions.
• Supervisor Date (or EPROM Date)
displays the version date of the ‘firmware’
stored in the Supervisor chip. (The
Supervisor chip contains the special
software used to control your modem’s
functions.) If a support representative asks
you for your Supervisor or EPROM date,
look here.
• DSP Date is the date of the ‘firmware’ that
controls the DSP in your modem.
• Supervisor and DSP rev (or revisions) are
the equivalent of software version numbers.
• DAA Country displays the countries your
modem is designed for. This is important
because phone systems and
telecommunications laws vary from country
to country.
Click Link Diagnostics to bring up the “Link
Diagnostics” screen.
71
USING MODEM STATION
• Symbol Rate displays the speed of the
transmission.
• Trellis Code, Nonlinear Encoding,
Shaping, and Precoding all refer to
methods of handling high speed data
transmission.
• The items followed by (dB), (-dB), (-dBm),
and (msec) refer to variations in the
modulation tones that actually carry the
information.
The “Link Diagnostics” screen displays
statistics about your last connection. This
screen is most often used as an aid in
diagnosing connection failures, but it also can
provide information about connection speeds
and phone line conditions.
• Modulation displays the speed and type of
connection.
• Carrier Frequency displays the electrical
frequency of the carrier signal.
72
The rest of the screen contains information
about CRC errors, Block Errors (Blers),
resent data, and other data. This information is
very important if you experience problems
transmitting or receiving data or if you suspect
problems with your phone service.
If you are having connection problems, go
directly to this screen to get this information. If
you save anything to the modem between the
USING MODEM STATION
last connection and this screen, the modem will
not save these settings.
Only our U.S. Robotics Winmodems use
VxDs, or Virtual Device Drivers. The
Winmodem uses special software (called a
‘driver’) to manage many of the functions
handled by hardware in our other modems. If
you are using a Winmodem, the Extended
Information menu will offer you the option of
clicking on VxD to view information on the
Winmodem driver. Please refer to your
Winmodem manual for detailed information on
the Winmodem drivers.
Courier users will see a display of current
Dialback/Security settings. Refer to your
Courier documentation for instructions on
configuring these special features.
73
U.S. ROBOTICS MODEM UPDATE WIZARD
The Connections CD-ROM includes the
U.S. Robotics Modem Update Wizard. This
software is designed to quickly update your
modem to the latest code.
NOTE: You can also obtain this
software from our BBS (847-982-5092) or
from our World Wide Web page
(http://www.3Com.com/56k).
NOTE: The following instructions
apply to Windows 3.x and Windows 95
users. However, only Windows 95 screens
are shown.
Installing the Wizard
1. Insert the Connections CD into your
CD-ROM drive.
2. Click Start and point to Programs.
NOTE: Complete the instructions in
the “Software Installation” chapter
(starting on page 47) before installing the
Modem Update Wizard.
74
3. Point to U.S. Robotics Connections.
4. Click Connections.
U.S. ROBOTICS MODEM UPDATE WIZARD
5. From the main Connections menu, click the
Customer Support button.
6. Click the Modem Update Wizard button.
7. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the installation.
8. When you see the screen below, the setup is
complete. Click OK.
NOTE: For more detailed
instructions, see our World Wide Web
page (http://www.3Com.com/56k).
Updating Your Modem
1. Click Start. Point to Programs. Then point to
U.S. Robotics Modem Update Wizard.
Finally, point to the Modem Update Wizard
selection.
2. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the update process.
75
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE HELP RESOURCES
PROBLEM
DIAGNOSIS
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
The computer or software will
not recognize the modem.
If you are using an external
modem, the modem might not
be turned on.
The power switch is located on the back of the modem by the phone jacks.
You may not be entering
modem commands in the
proper manner while in
terminal mode.
When in terminal mode, type in all upper case (AT) or all lower case (at).
You may have a COM
port/IRQ conflict.
If you are using an external
modem, the COM port may
not be enabled.
76
WINDOWS 95 USERS: Uninstall the modem from your computer. In Device
Manager, determine what COM port and IRQ settings are free on your
system. Set the jumper shunts on your modem’s jumper pins to these free
settings, using the diagrams on page 13 as a guide. If no IRQ setting is
available, you may need to move a device off of an IRQ in order to free it for
use by your modem. Make sure you have the correct COM port and IRQ
settings in your software and/or in the Windows Device Manager.
Refer to your computer’s manual for information concerning enabling COM
ports. This process usually involves altering the BIOS settings, motherboard
jumpers, and/or the operating system’s settings.
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
PROBLEM
DIAGNOSIS
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
The modem displays double
characters on your monitor.
Both the modem’s and
software’s local character
echoes are turned on.
Disable Local Echo in your software OR on your modem (not both). Turn local
echo off on the modem by typing ATE0 and pressing ENTER in your software’s
terminal mode. To turn the local echo off in the software, refer to its documentation.
The modem won’t go off hook to
dial or doesn’t answer the
phone.
You may have plugged your
modem’s phone cord into a
digital line.
You might have a bad phone
cord connection to your
modem.
You may have devices
between the modem and the
phone jack.
You may have a poor line
connection.
If you have voice mail, you
may have messages
waiting.
Plugging your modem’s phone cord into a digital phone line can damage the
modem. Call your phone company if you are unsure whether or not your phone
line is digital.
The phone cord should be plugged into the TELCO jack on the modem and an
analog wall phone jack. The phone cord should not exceed 12 feet in length. Use
the phone cord included with your modem if possible. Have your phone company
make sure that the phone jack is wired properly (tip and ring are on the inside pair
of wires).
There should be no line splitters, fax machines, or other devices between the
modem and the wall jack.
Place the call again. Calls are routed differently each time. To verify a valid phone
connection, enter the RapidComm Voice software’s Terminal mode, type
ATX3DT18479825092 (the 3Com BBS), and press ENTER. This string bypasses
the dial tone, allowing a connection if the modem is working properly.
Answer your voice mail to restore your normal dial tone. Your dial tone may be
altered when messages are waiting.
77
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
PROBLEM
DIAGNOSIS
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
The modem won’t go off hook
to dial or doesn’t answer the
phone.
Your software may not have
auto answer enabled.
Enable the auto answer feature. In the RapidComm Voice software’s Terminal
mode, type ATS0=1 and press ENTER. NOTE: You need to enable auto answer
before every session unless you alter your software’s initialization string to
permanently enable auto answer.
You may have a poor line
connection.
Try placing the call again. The phone company routes calls differently each time.
To verify a valid phone connection, enter the RapidComm Voice software’s
Terminal mode and type ATX3DT18479825092 and press ENTER (the phone
number is the 3Com BBS). This string bypasses the dial tone, allowing a
connection if the modem is functioning properly.
Both modems exchange carrier
signals but fail to establish a
link.
Your 56K modem cannot
achieve a 56K Internet
connection.
Your Internet Service
Provider (ISP) may not be
ITU 56K/x2 technology
capable.
The phone lines in your area
not be compatible with 56K
technology.
There may be devices
between your modem and the
phone jack.
78
Check http://www.3com.com/56k for a list of ISPs that observe the ITU 56K
standard and/or offer x2 technology. (FCC rules restrict power output of the
service providers’ modems, limiting download speeds to 53 Kbps.)
Call your phone company to determine if this might be the problem. You can also
run U.S. Robotics’ Line Test utility to determine if your phone line is 56K
compatible. Visit our Line Test Web page at http://www.3com.com/56k.
Remove all devices between the modem and the phone jack. Make sure the
phone cord you are using is no longer than 12 feet. Use the phone cord included
with your modem.
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
PROBLEM
DIAGNOSIS
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Your modem won’t connect at
2400 bps with a 2400 bps
modem.
The modem you’re trying to
connect with could be an
older model that doesn’t
support error control.
You can disable error control on your modem by typing AT&M0 in terminal mode
and pressing ENTER. Now try placing the call to the remote modem again. When
finished, reset your modem to enable the error control features. In terminal mode,
type ATZ and press ENTER. Note: ATZ4 or AT&F1 are often the best reset
strings, as they restore hardware flow control defaults.
Your screen keeps displaying
random garbage characters.
You could have a conflict
with the remote modem’s
settings for word length,
parity, and stop bits.
Your software and modem
might not be set to the same
flow control settings.
Set your modem’s word length, parity, and stop bits the same as the remote
modem or BBS you are calling. Typical settings are: data bits=8, stop bits=1,
parity=none, flow control=hardware (RTS/CTS)
Make sure the software and modem have the same flow control settings
(hardware [RTS/CTS] and software [xon/xoff]).
In terminal mode, type AT&F1 and press ENTER to load the optimal settings.
The best flow control settings
might not be enabled on your
modem.
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TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
PROBLEM
DIAGNOSIS
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Your communications
software is reporting many
cyclic redundancy check
(CRC) errors and low
characters per second
(CPS).
You may have a bad phone
line.
Try placing the call again. The phone company routes calls differently each time.
Optimum flow control settings
may not be enabled on your
modem.
The serial port rate in your
communications software may
be set too high for your
modem’s UART or your
area’s phone lines.
The remote site you are dialing
into may have trouble with the
file transfer protocol.
There may be a Terminate and
Stay Resident (TSR) program
(such as a screen saver or
virus scanner) running in the
background, disrupting data
communications.
80
In terminal mode, type AT&F1 and press ENTER to load the optimum hardware flow
control settings.
Lower the serial port rate in your communications software to 57,600 bps, 38,400
bps, or 19,200 bps. Some software programs (including AOL) allow port settings of
14,400, 28,800, and 33,600. These settings are invalid and should not be used.
NOTE: The port rate for an 56K modem cannot be set lower than 57,600 if you want
to achieve a high-speed connection.
Try using a different file transfer protocol. Do not use Xmodem if other protocols are
available. Zmodem is the preferred protocol.
Disable any Terminate and Stay Resident (TSR) programs running in the
background. If you have software running as a TSR, check the software’s manual for
information about disabling its ability to operate as a TSR.
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
PROBLEM
DIAGNOSIS
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Your communications
software is reporting many
cyclic redundancy check
errors (cont.).
You may be trying to download a
file to a compressed area of your
hard disk.
Download to an uncompressed area on your hard drive.
Errors are constantly
occurring in your V.17 fax
transmissions.
Your modem may not have the
correct initialization string for fax
transmissions.
There may be a Terminate and
Stay Resident (TSR) program
running on your system.
Your baud rate may be set too
high.
You may be trying to fax a
compressed file
The RapidComm Voice
software fails to initialize the
modem.
The RapidComm Voice software’s
port settings may be incorrect.
In your communications software, change the modem initialization string to
AT&H3&I2&R2S7=90.
Disable any TSR programs (such as screen savers or virus scanners)
running in the background. If you have software running as a TSR, see its
manual for information about disabling its ability to operate as a TSR.
Lower baud rate to 9600, 7200, or 4800.
Open the file in the application in which it was created. Select RapidComm as
the printer and then print the file.
Make sure the RapidComm Voice software’s port settings match your
modem's.
The power switch is located on the back of the modem by the phone jacks.
If you are using an external
modem, it may not be turned on
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TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
RapidComm Voice Software
Troubleshooting Tips
PROBLEM: The lights in the RapidComm
Voice software’s modem light monitor do not
correspond to the actual lights on an external
modem.
DIAGNOSIS: Under certain circumstances, the
modem light monitor does not correctly report the
activity of the modem. We are aware of this
problem and are working to rectify the situation in
upcoming versions of the software.
PROBLEM: The station ID works
intermittently.
DIAGNOSIS: Under certain circumstances
(including receiving a fax), the station ID may not
work properly.
82
PROBLEM: RapidComm Voice software does
not work properly at 115.2 kbps.
DIAGNOSIS: The presence of disk
compression software on your system hampers
the RapidComm Voice software’s ability to work
properly at 115.2 kbps. Removal of the disk
compression software from your system will allow
RapidComm Voice software to operate properly
at 115.2 kbps.
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
If Plug and Play Does Not Detect
Your Modem
1. Click Windows 95 Start and click Shut
Down. When asked if you wish to shut down
your computer, click Yes. When Windows 95
indicates that it is safe to turn off your
computer, turn it off and wait 15 seconds.
Then turn the computer back on. Windows 95
may detect your modem upon this restart even
if it did not detect the modem during the initial
installation. If you see screens indicating that
new hardware has been detected by Windows
95, turn to “Installing the Modem Drivers”
(page 27 for internal modems, page 39 for
external modems). If not, continue with the
next step.
2. Click Windows 95 Start, point to Settings,
and click Control Panel. Double-click the
System icon and then click the Device
Manager tab on the “System Properties”
screen. Look for “Other Devices” or
“Unknown Devices” in the list that appears. If
you do not see either of these options in the
list, continue with the next section to learn
about our support options. If you do see one
of these options, double-click the option. If the
description that appears matches the modem
you are trying to install, click the Remove
button. Click OK when Windows asks if you
wish to remove the device. Next, restart the
computer as described in step 1 on this page.
If the computer does not detect the modem
after this second restart, please continue
reading to learn about our support options.
83
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
Online Help Resources
Connecting to the 3Com BBS
To connect to the 3Com Bulletin Board System,
follow these steps:
1. Start your fax/data communications software.
The software settings for the BBS are:
ANSI terminal emulation
Data Bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop Bits: 1
2. Put the software in Terminal mode.
3. Type ATDS0 (the last character is a zero) and
press ENTER.
84
NOTE: ATDS0 (the last character is a
zero) automatically dials 1-847-982-5092,
the 3Com BBS.
If this is your first time connecting to our BBS,
you will be asked to enter your name, create a
password of your choice, and to fill out a
questionnaire. The introductory screen will look
like the one shown below.
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
The BBS gives you access to customer and
technical support documents and the BBS library
which contains hundreds of helpful files and tips to
help simplify using your modem.
When you are ready to leave the BBS, type G
(for “good-bye”) from the main menu.
3Com offers a number of other online technical
support options for our
U.S. Robotics modems. Choose any one of the
following options if you need help with or want to
learn more about your new modem.
Internet FTP
Provides free library containing the same files as
the BBS site. FTP to ftp.usr.com.
Internet on Demand
Provides automatic technical support through a
library containing product information, quick
reference cards, and installation help. To obtain an
index of available documents, send a blank
e-mail to support@usr.com. To have a
document e-mailed to you, send the
document's number as the subject.
World Wide Web
A U.S. Robotics Home Page containing the same
information as the Internet on Demand listing. Log
on to:
www.usr.com/home/online
CompuServe
Access the same information as the Internet FTP
site. The 3Com forum address is GO
THREECOM. Address private messages to
76711,707.
85
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
America Online
Go to the Keyword field and type 3COM to
connect to various 3Com resources, such as file
libraries, message boards, online customer
support, and product announcements.
Technical Support Hotline
Technical questions about 3Com modems can
also be answered by technical support
representatives. The hotline is a toll call. In order
to save both time and expense, you should do the
following before calling:
1. Click the Windows 95 Start button.
2. Point to Programs and then click
RapidComm Voice. (If you have not installed
RapidComm Voice, see the section title
“Software Installation” on page 47.)
3. Enter RapidComm Voice’s terminal mode by
clicking the Terminal button.
86
4. Type ATI7 and press ENTER.
5. The information that appears will be useful to
the technical support representative who
attempts to troubleshoot your problem when
you call. Select Print from the File menu or
leave the information on screen.
Hotline
(847) 982-5151
(Hours: 8:00 am - 6:00 pm CST)
Priority No-Hold Service
3Com also staffs its own 900 fee-based number
for immediate assistance. These lines are staffed
from 8 a.m. - 6 p.m. CST Monday through
Friday.
No-Hold line 900-555-USR1
There is a $1.50 per minute charge which will
appear on your local phone bill. You must be 18
or older or have parental permission. (Service
available in United States only.)
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ONLINE H ELP RESOURCES
Are You Still Having Problems?
•
Review this manual.
•
Call or visit your modem dealer. They may be
able to assist you.
•
If your dealer can't help you, contact 3Com
Customer Support. When you call, specify
your modem serial number (found on the
modem and on the outside of the box), the
software being used, and, if possible, have the
contents of your ATI7 screen available.
If You Need to Return the
Modem to Us
Contact 3Com Customer Support. If the support
representative determines that you need to return
the modem, you will receive an SRO (Service
Repair Order) number. You must have an SRO
number before returning the modem to us. Ship
the unit, postage paid, in a strong box made of
corrugated cardboard with plenty of packing
material. DO NOT send the modem back in the
original box. Send ONLY the modem (NOT the
power supply, manuals, CD-ROM, etc.). Include
your SRO number, name, and address on the
shipping label as well as inside the package. If
possible, send the package via a courier capable
of tracking the progress of the shipment. Ship to
the following address:
3Com
Attn: RMA
SRO#
6201 W. Oakton, East Dock
Morton Grove, IL 60053
87
GLOSSARY
Cross references are printed in boldface. Cross
references to items also found in the “Technical
Quick Reference” chapter are printed in italics.
analog loopback
A modem self-test in which data from the
keyboard or an internal test pattern is sent to the
modem's transmitter, turned into analog form,
looped back to the receiver, and converted back
into digital form.
analog signals
A variety of signals and wavelengths that can be
transmitted over communications lines such as the
sound of a voice over the phone line.
88
answer mode
The mode used by your modem when answering
an incoming call from an originating modem. The
transmit/receive frequencies are the reverse of the
originating modem, which is in originate mode.
application
A computer program designed to perform a
specific task or set of tasks. Examples include
word processing and spreadsheet applications.
ARQ
Automatic Repeat reQuest. A function that allows
your modem to detect flawed data and request
that it be retransmitted. See MNP and V.42.
GLOSSARY
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information
Interchange. A code used to represent letters,
numbers, and special characters such as $, !,
and /.
asynchronous transmission
Data transmission in which the length of time
between transmitted characters may vary.
Because characters may not be transmitted at
set intervals, start/stop bits are used to mark
the beginning and end of each character.auto
answer
Sets the modem to pick up the phone line
when it detects a certain number of rings. See
S-register S0 in the “Technical Quick
Reference.”
auto dial
A process where your modem dials a call for
you. The dialing process is initiated by sending
an ATDT (dial tone) or ATDP (dial pulse)
command followed by the telephone number.
Auto dial is used to dial voice numbers. See
command Dn.
baud rate
A term used to measure the speed of an analog
transmission from one point to another.
Although not technically accurate, baud rate is
commonly used to mean bit rate.
binary digit
A 0 or 1, reflecting the use of the binary
numbering system. Used because the computer
recognizes either of two states, OFF or ON.
Shortened form of binary digit is bit.
89
GLOSSARY
bit rate
Also referred to as transmission rate. The
number of binary digits, or bits, transmitted
per second (bps). Communications channels
using analog modems are established at set bit
rates, commonly 2400, 4800, 9600, 14,400,
28,800 and higher.
bits per second (bps)
The bits (binary digits) per second rate.
Thousands of bits per second are expressed as
kilobits per second (kbps).
buffer
A temporary memory area used as storage
during input and output operations. An
example is the modem's command buffer.
90
byte
A group of binary digits stored and operated
upon as a unit. Most often the term refers to 8bit units or characters. One kilobyte (KB) is
equal to 1,024 bytes or characters; 640 KB is
equal to 655,360 bytes or characters.
carrier
The basic signal altered or modulated by the
modem in order to carry information.
character
A representation, coded in binary digits, of a
letter, number, or other symbol.
GLOSSARY
characters per second (CPS)
A data transfer rate generally estimated from
the bit rate and the character length. For
example, at 2400 bps, 8-bit characters with
start/stop bits (for a total of ten bits per
character) will be transmitted at a rate of
approximately 240 characters per second
(cps). Some protocols, such as error-control
protocols, employ advanced techniques such
as longer transmission frames and data
compression to increase cps.
class 1 and 2.0
International standards used by fax
application programs and faxmodems for
sending and receiving faxes.
cyclic redundancy checking (CRC)
An error-detection technique consisting of a
test performed on each block or frame of data
by both sending and receiving modems. The
sending modem inserts the results of its tests in
each data block in the form of a CRC code.
The receiving modem compares its results with
the received CRC code and responds with
either a positive or negative acknowledgment.
data communications
The transmission or sharing of data between
computers via an electronic medium.
91
GLOSSARY
data compression table
A table containing values assigned for each
character during a call under MNP5 data
compression. Default values in the table are
continually altered and built during each call:
The longer the table, the more efficient
throughput gained.
data mode
Mode used by a modem when sending and
receiving data files.
DCE
Data Communications (or CircuitTerminating) Equipment, such as dial-up
modems that establish and control the data link
via the telephone network.
92
default
Any setting assumed, at startup or reset, by the
computer's software and attached devices. The
computer or software will use these settings
until changed by the user or other software.
detect phase
In the ITU-T V.42 error-control protocol, the
first stage in establishing if both modems are
attempting to connect have V.42 capability.
dictionary
The term used for compression codes built by
the V.42 bis data compression algorithm.
GLOSSARY
digital loopback
A test that checks the modem's RS-232
interface and the cable that connects the
terminal or computer and the modem. The
modem receives data (in the form of digital
signals) from the computer or terminal, and
immediately returns the data to the screen for
verification.
duplex
Indicates a communications channel capable of
carrying signals in both directions. See half
duplex, full duplex.
digital signals
Discrete, uniform signals. In this manual, the
term refers to the binary digits 0 and 1.
error control
Various techniques that check the reliability of
characters (parity) or blocks of data. V.42
and MNP error-control protocols use error
detection (CRC) and retransmission of flawed
frames (ARQ).
DTE
Data Terminal (or Terminating) Equipment. A
computer that generates or is the final
destination of data.
Electronic Industries Association (EIA)
Group which defines electronic standards in
the U.S.
facsimile
A method for transmitting the image on a page
from one point to another. Commonly referred
to as fax.
93
GLOSSARY
fax mode
The mode used by a modem to send and
receive data in facsimile format. See
definitions for V.17, V.27ter, V.29.
flow control
A mechanism that compensates for differences
in the flow of data into and out of a modem or
other device. See commands &Hn, &In, &Rn.
frame
A data communications term for a block of
data with header and trailer information
attached. The added information usually
includes a frame number, block size data,
error-check codes, and Start/End indicators.
94
full duplex
Signals can flow in both directions at the same
time over one line. In microcomputer
communications, may refer to the suppression
of the online local echo.
half duplex
Signals can flow in both directions, but only
one way at a time. In microcomputer
communications, may refer to activation of the
online local echo, which causes the modem to
send a copy of the transmitted data to the
screen of the sending computer.
Hz
Hertz, a frequency measurement unit used
internationally to indicate cycles per second.
GLOSSARY
ITU-T
An international organization that defines
standards for telegraphic and telephone
equipment. For example, the Bell 212A
standard for 1200-bps communication in
North America is observed internationally as
ITU-T V.22. For 2400-bps communication,
most U.S. manufacturers observe V.22 bis.
LAPM
Link Access Procedure for Modems. An
error-control protocol defined in ITU-T
Recommendation V.42. Like the MNP
protocols, LAPM uses cyclic redundancy
checking (CRC) and retransmission of
corrupted data (ARQ) to ensure data
reliability.
local echo
A modem feature that enables the modem to
display keyboard commands and transmitted
data on the screen. See command En.
MNP
Microcom Networking Protocol, an errorcontrol protocol developed by Microcom,
Inc., and now in the public domain. There are
several different MNP protocols, but the most
commonly used one ensures error-free
transmission through error detection (CRC)
and retransmission of flawed frames.
95
GLOSSARY
modem
A device that transmits/receives computer data
through a communications channel such as
radio or telephone lines. It also changes signals
received from the phone line back to digital
signals before passing them to the receiving
computer.
online fall back/fall forward
A feature that allows high-speed, error-control
modems to monitor line quality and fall back to
the next lower speed in a defined range if line
quality diminishes. As line conditions improve,
the modems switch up to the next higher
speed.
nonvolatile memory (NVRAM)
User-programmable random access memory
whose data is retained when power is turned
off. On the U.S. Robotics modem, it includes
four stored phone numbers and the modem
settings.
originate mode
The mode used by your modem when initiating
an outgoing call to a destination modem. The
transmit/receive frequencies are the reverse of
the called modem, which is in answer mode.
off/on hook
Modem operations that are the equivalent of
manually lifting a phone receiver (taking it offhook) and replacing it (going on-hook).
96
GLOSSARY
parity
A simple error-detection method that checks
the validity of a transmitted character.
Character checking has been surpassed by
more reliable and efficient forms of error
checking, including V.42 and MNP 2-4
protocols. Either the same type of parity must
be used by two communicating computers, or
both may omit parity.
protocol
A system of rules and procedures governing
communications between two or more devices.
Protocols vary, but communicating devices
must follow the same protocol in order to
exchange data. The format of the data,
readiness to receive or send, error detection
and error correction are some of the
operations that may be defined in protocols.
RAM
Random Access Memory. Memory that is
available for use when the modem is turned on,
but that clears of all information when the
power is turned off. The modem's RAM holds
the current operational settings, a flow control
buffer, and a command buffer.
remote digital loopback
A test that checks the phone link and a remote
modem's transmitter and receiver.
remote echo
A copy of the data received by the remote
system, returned to the sending system, and
displayed on the screen. Remote echoing is a
function of the remote system.
97
GLOSSARY
ROM
Read Only Memory. Permanent memory, not
user-programmable.
serial transmission
The consecutive flow of data in a single
channel. Compare to parallel transmissions
where data flows simultaneously in multiple
channels.
start/stop bits
The signaling bits attached to a character
before and after the character is transmitted
during asynchronous transmission.
98
terminal
A device whose keyboard and display are
used for sending and receiving data over a
communications link. Differs from a
microcomputer or a mainframe in that it has
little or no internal processing capabilities.
terminal mode
Software mode that allows direct
communication with the modem. Also known
as command mode.
throughput
The amount of actual user data transmitted per
second without the overhead of protocol
information such as start/stop bits or frame
headers and trailers. Compare with
characters per second.
GLOSSARY
V.8
The ITU-T standard specification that covers
the initial handshaking process.
V.17 fax
An ITU-T standard for making facsimile
connections at 14,400 bps, 12,000 bps, 9,600
bps, 7,200 bps.
V.21
An ITU-T standard for modems operating in
asynchronous mode at speeds up to 300 bps,
full-duplex, on public switched telephone
networks.
V.22
An ITU-T standard for modem
communications at 1200 bps, compatible with
the Bell 212A standard observed in the U.S.
and Canada.
V.22 bis
An ITU-T standard for modem
communications at 2400 bps. The standard
includes an automatic link negotiation fallback
to 1200 bps and compatibility with Bell
212A/V.22 modems.
V.27 ter
An ITU-T standard for facsimile operations
that specifies modulation at 4800 bps, with
fallback to 2400 bps.
V.29
An ITU-T standard for facsimile operations
that specifies modulation at 9600 bps, with
fallback to 7200 bps.
99
GLOSSARY
V.32
An ITU-T standard for modem
communications at 9600 bps and 4800 bps.
V.32 modems fall back to 4800 bps when line
quality is impaired.
V.32 bis
An ITU-T standard that extends the V.32
connection range: 4800, 7200, 9600, 12,000,
and 14,400 bps. V.32 bis modems fall back to
the next lower speed when line quality is
impaired, fall back further as necessary, and
also fall forward (switch back up) when line
conditions improve (see online fall back/fall
forward).
V.34
An ITU-T standard that currently allows data
rates as high as 28,800 bps.
100
V.34+
An enhancement to V.34 that enables data
transfer rates as high as 33,600 bps.
V.42
An ITU-T standard for modem
communications that defines a two-stage
process of detection and negotiation for
LAPM error control.
V.42 bis
An extension of ITU-T V.42 that defines a
specific data compression scheme for use
during V.42 connections.
GLOSSARY
Xmodem
The first of a family of error control software
protocols used to transfer files between
modems. These protocols are in the public
domain and are available from many bulletin
board services.
XON/XOFF
Standard ASCII control characters used to
tell an intelligent device to stop/resume
transmitting data.
Ymodem
An error-checking protocol that can send
several files of data at a time in 1024-byte
(1K) blocks. This protocol can use either
checksums or CRC for error checking.
Ymodem G
Similar to Ymodem, except it includes no error
checking, which makes it faster.
Zmodem
Similar to Xmodem and Ymodem, except it
includes batch transfer, the ability to recover
from a partially complete transfer, an autostart
feature, and improved efficiency.
101
REGULATORY INFORMATION AND LIMITED WARRANTY
Manufacturer’s Declaration of
Conformity
3Com Corporation
7770 North Frontage Road
Skokie, Illinois 60077-2690
U.S.A.
declares that the product U.S. Robotics® 56K
Voice Faxmodem conforms to the FCC’s
specifications:
Part 15; Subpart B Class B:
Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful
electromagnetic interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference
102
received including interference that may cause
undesired operations.
Part 68:
This equipment complies with FCC Rules Part
68. Located on the bottom of the modem is
the FCC Registration Number and Ringer
Equivalence Number (REN). You must
provide this information to the telephone
company if requested.
The REN is used to determine the number of
devices you may legally connect to your
telephone line. In most areas, the sum of the
REN of all devices connected to one line must
not exceed five (5.0). You should contact
your telephone company to determine the
maximum REN for your calling area.
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
This equipment may not be used on coin
service provided by the telephone company.
Connection to party lines is subject to state
tariffs.
Industry Canada (IC)
This digital apparatus does not exceed the
Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus set out in the interferencecausing equipment standard entitled Digital
Apparatus, ICES-003 of Industry Canada.
An FCC compliant telephone cord and
modular plug are provided with this equipment,
which is designed to connect to the telephone
network or premises wiring using a Part 68
compliant compatible jack. See installation
instructions for details.
Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de
bruits radioélectriques applicables aux
appareils numériques de Classe B préscrites
dans la norme sur le matériel brouilleur:
Appareils Numériques, NMB-003 édictée
par l'Industrie Canada.
Caution to the User
The user is cautioned that any changes or
modifications not expressly approved by the
party responsible for compliance could void
the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
UL Listing/CUL Listing
This information technology equipment is ULListed and CUL-Listed for use with UL-Listed
personal computers that have installation
instructions detailing user installation of card
cage accessories.
This equipment uses the following USOC
jacks: RJ11C.
103
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
Connecting to the Telephone Company
It is not necessary to notify the telephone
company before installing the modem.
However, the telephone company may
request the telephone number(s) to which the
U.S. Robotics modem is connected and the
regulatory information printed in this section.
Be sure that the telephone line you are
connecting the modem to is a standard
analog line and not a digital (PBX), party, or
coin telephone line.
If the modem is malfunctioning, it may affect
the telephone lines. In this case, disconnect
the modem until the source of the difficulty is
traced.
Fax Branding
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of
1991 makes it unlawful for any person to use a
104
computer or other electronic device, including
fax machines, to send any message unless such
message clearly contains in a margin at the top
or bottom of each transmitted page or on the
first page of the transmission, the date and time
it is sent, an identification of the business or
other entity, or other individual sending the
message, and the telephone number of the
sending machine or of such business, other
entity, or individual. (The telephone number
provided may not be a 900 number or any
other number for which charges exceed local
or long-distance transmission charges.)
In order to program this information into your
U.S. Robotics modem, refer to the
RapidComm manual on the CD-ROM that
shipped with your modem. If you’re using a
different communications software program,
refer to its manual.
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
Radio and Television Interference
This equipment generates and uses radio
frequency energy and if not installed and used
properly, in strict accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions, may cause
interference to radio and television reception.
The modem has been tested and found to
comply with the limits for a Class B computing
device in accordance with the specifications in
Part 15 of the FCC rules, which are designed
to provide reasonable protection against such
interference in a residential installation.
However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this device does cause
interference to radio or television reception,
which you can determine by monitoring
reception when the modem is installed and
when it is removed from the computer, try to
correct the problem with one or more of the
following measures:
• Re-orient the receiving antenna (for
televisions with antenna reception only) or
cable input device.
• Relocate the computer with respect to the
receiver.
• Relocate the computer and/or the receiver
so that they are on separate branch circuits.
If necessary, consult your dealer or an
experienced radio/television technician for
additional suggestions. You may find the
following booklet, prepared by the Federal
Communications Commission, helpful:
How to Identify and Resolve RadioTV Interference Problems
Stock No. 004-000-0345-4
U.S. Government Printing Office
105
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
Washington, DC 20402
In accordance with Part 15 of the FCC rules,
the user is cautioned that any changes or
modifications to the equipment described in
this manual that are not expressly approved by
U.S. Robotics, Inc. could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Modem Users
NOTICE: The Industry Canada (IC) label
identifies certified equipment. This certification
means the equipment meets certain
telecommunications network protective,
operational, and safety
requirements as prescribed in the appropriate
Terminal Equipment Technical Requirements
document(s). The Department does not
guarantee the equipment will operate to the
user’s satisfaction.
106
Before installing this equipment, users should
ensure that it is permissible to be connected to
the facilities of the local telecommunications
company. The equipment must also be
installed using an acceptable method of
connection. In some cases, the company’s
inside wiring associated with a single-line,
individual service may be extended by means
of a certified connector assembly (telephone
extension cord.) The customer should be
aware that compliance with the above
conditions may not prevent degradation of
service in some situations. Currently,
telecommunication companies do not allow
users to connect their equipment to jacks
except in precise situations that are spelled out
in tariffing arrangements with those companies.
Repairs to certified equipment should be
coordinated by a representative designated by
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made
by the user to this equipment, or equipment
malfunctions, may give the telecommunications
company cause to request the user to
disconnect the equipment.
telephone interface. The termination on an
interface may consist of any combination of
devices subject only to the requirement that the
sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all
the devices does not exceed 5.
For your own protection, make sure that the
electrical ground connections of the power
utility, telephone lines, and internal metallic
water pipe system, if present, are connected
together. This precaution may be particularly
important in rural areas.
CAUTION: Do NOT attempt to make such
connections yourself. Instead, contact an
electric inspection authority or electrician, as
appropriate.
The Ringer Equivalence Number is located on
the bottom of the modem’s case (external
modems) or on the modem’s circuit board
(internal modems).
NOTICE: The Ringer Equivalence Number
(REN) assigned to each terminal device
provides an indication of the maximum number
of terminals allowed to be connected to a
107
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
WARRANTY AND REPAIR SERVICE
CENTER:
Keating Technologies
25 Royal Crest Court, Suite 200
Markham, ONT L3R 9X4
de raccordment. L’abonné ne doit pas oublier
qu’il est possible que la conformité aux
conditions énoncées ci-dessus n’empêche pas
le dégradation du service dans certaines
situations.
AVIS: L'étiquette de Industrie Canada
identifie le matériel homologué. Cette étiquette
certifie que le matériel est conforme à certaines
normes de protection, d'exploitation et de
sécurité des réseaux de télécommunications.
Le Ministére n’assure toutefois pas que le
matériel fonctionnera à la satisfaction de
l’utilisateur.
Les réparations de matériel homologué doivent
être effectuées par un centre d’entretien
canadien autorisé désigné par le fournissuer.
La compagnie de télécommunications peut
demander à l’utilasateur de débrancher un
appareil à la suite de réparations ou de
modifications effectuées par l’utilasateur ou à
cause de mauvais fonctionnement.
Avant d’installer ce matériel, l’utilisateur doit
s’assurer qu’il est permis de le raccorder aux
installations de l’enterprise locale de
télécommunication. Le matériel doit également
être installé en suivant une méthode acceptée
Pour sa propre protection, l’utilisateur doit
s’assurer que tous les fils de mise à la terre de
la source d’énergie électrique, des lignes
téléphoniques et des canalisations d’eau
métalliques, s’il y en a, sont raccordé
ensemble. Cette précaution est
108
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
particulièrement importante dans les régions
rurales.
externes), ou sur le circuit imprimé (modems
internes).
Avertissment: L’utilisateur ne doit pas tenter
de faire ces raccordements luimême; il doit
avoir recours à un service d’inspection des
installations électriques, ou á un électricien,
selon le cas.
Centre de guarantie et de service après-vente:
NOTICE: L’Indice d’Equivalence de la
Sonnerie (IES) de chaque appareil donne une
indication du nombre maximal de terminaux qui
peut être branché à l’interface téléphonique.
La termination d’une interface peut consister
de n’importe qu’elle combinaison d’appareils
sur le réseau, seulement si la somme des IES
de tous les appareils n’excède pas 5.
Limited Warranty
L'Indice d'Equivalence de la Sonnerie (IES)
est situé au revers du modem (modems
Keating Technologies
25 Royal Crest Court, Suite 200
Markham, ONT L3R 9X4
U.S. Robotics Access Corp., a subsidiary
of 3Com Corporation, warrants to the
original end-user purchaser that this product
will be free from defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of five years
from the date of purchase. During the
limited warranty period, and upon proof of
purchase, the product will be repaired or
replaced (with the same or a similar model,
which may be a refurbished model) at U.S.
109
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
Robotics’ option, without charge for either
parts or labor. This limited warranty shall
not apply if the product is modified,
tampered with, misused, or subjected to
abnormal working conditions (including, but
not limited to, lightning and water damage).
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY DOES
NOT GUARANTEE YOU
UNINTERRUPTED SERVICE. REPAIR
OR REPLACEMENT AS PROVIDED
UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY
IS THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THE
PURCHASER. THIS LIMITED
WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
110
FOR A PARTICULAR USE OR
PURPOSE. U.S. ROBOTICS SHALL IN
NO EVENT BE LIABLE FOR ANY
SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES OF ANY KIND OR
CHARACTER, INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOSS OF
REVENUE OR PROFITS, FAILURE TO
REALIZE SAVINGS OR OTHER
BENEFITS, LOSS OF DATA OR USE,
DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT, AND
CLAIMS AGAINST THE PURCHASER
BY ANY THIRD PERSON, EVEN IF
U.S. ROBOTICS HAS BEEN ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES.
This limited warranty gives you specific
legal rights. You may have others, which
BEFORE YOU BEGIN (WINDOWS 95 USERS)
vary from state to state. Some states do not
allow limitations on duration of an implied
warranty, or the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, so the
above exclusion or limitation may not apply
to you.
To obtain service under this limited warranty,
contact the 3Com Customer Support
Department at 847-982-5151 or by mail at:
3Com
7770 N. Frontage Road
Attn.: Customer Support Dept.
Skokie, IL 60077-2690
You will be given a Service Repair Order
(“SRO”) number to help U.S. Robotics keep
track of your limited warranty request. Once
you have received your SRO number, take or
send the product, postage prepaid and insured,
to:
3Com
Attn: RMA
[your SRO#]
6201 W. Oakton, East Dock
Morton Grove, IL 60053
Pack the modem in a strong corrugated
cardboard box with plenty of packing material.
DO NOT send the modem back in its original
box. DO NOT send anything but the modem
(do not send back the power supply, CDROM, documentation, etc.). Send the modem
via a courier capable of tracking the progress
of the shipment. IMPORTANT: If you send
your unit, pack it securely, and be sure that
your SRO number is visible on the outside of
the package.
111
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