Danfoss | FC 100 Series | Specifications | Danfoss FC 100 Series Specifications

MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
Design Guide
VLT® HVAC Basic Drive
Contents
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Contents
1 How to Read this Design Guide
3
1.1.1 Copyright, Limitation of Liability and Revision Rights
3
1.1.3 Symbols
4
1.1.4 Abbreviations
4
1.1.5 Definitions
5
2 Introduction to VLT HVAC Basic Drive
8
2.1 Safety
8
2.2 CE Labelling
9
2.3.1 Aggressive Environments
10
2.4 Vibration and Shock
10
2.6 Control Structures
23
2.7 General Aspects of EMC
30
2.7.3 EMC Test Results
32
2.8 Galvanic Isolation (PELV)
34
2.8.1 PELV - Protective Extra Low Voltage
34
2.9 Earth Leakage Current
34
2.10 Extreme Running Conditions
35
3 VLT HVAC Basic Drive Selection
37
3.1 Options and Accessories
37
3.1.1 Local Control Panel (LCP)
37
3.1.2 Mounting of LCP in Panel Front
37
3.1.4 Decoupling Plate
40
4 How to Order
41
4.1.2 Type Code String
5 How to Install
42
45
5.1.1 Side-by-Side Installation
46
5.2 Electrical Data
47
5.2.1 Electrical Overview
47
5.2.2 Electrical Installation in General
48
5.2.3 Connecting to Mains and Motor
49
5.2.4 Fuses
50
5.2.5 EMC-Correct Electrical Installation
51
5.2.6 Control Terminals
53
6 How to Programme
54
6.1 Programming with MCT 10 Set-up Software
54
6.2 Local Control Panel (LCP)
54
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Contents
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
6.3 Menus
55
6.3.1 Status
55
6.3.2 Quick Menu
55
6.3.3 The FC 101 Start-up Wizard for Open Loop Applications
55
6.3.4 Main Menu
61
6.4 Quick Transfer of Parameter Settings between Multiple Frequency Converters 62
6.5 Read-out and Programming of Indexed Parameters
62
6.6 Initialise the Frequency Converter to Default Settings in two Ways
62
7 RS-485 Installation and Set-up
64
7.2 FC Protocol Overview
65
7.3 Network Configuration
66
7.4 FC Protocol Message Framing Structure
66
7.5 Examples
69
7.6 Modbus RTU Overview
69
7.8 Modbus RTU Message Framing Structure
70
7.9 How to Access Parameters
74
7.10 Examples
75
7.11 Danfoss FC Control Profile
77
8 General Specifications and Troubleshooting
8.1 Mains Supply Tables
81
8.1.1 Mains Supply 3 x 200-240V AC
81
8.1.2 Mains Supply 3 x 380-480VAC
82
8.1.3 Mains Supply 3 x 380-480VAC
84
8.1.4 Mains Supply 3 x 525-600VAC
85
8.2 General Specifications
86
8.3 Acoustic Noise
88
Index
2
81
89
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
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1 How to Read this Design Guide
VLT HVAC Basic Drive
FC 100 Series
Software version: 1.4X
This guide can be used with all VLT
HVAC Basic Drive frequency
converters with software version
1.4X.
The actual software version
number can be read from
15-43 Software Version.
1.1.1 Copyright, Limitation of Liability and
Revision Rights
This publication contains information proprietary to
Danfoss. By accepting and using this manual the user
agrees that the information contained herein will be used
solely for operating equipment from Danfoss or equipment
from other vendors provided that such equipment is
intended for communication with Danfoss equipment over
a serial communication link. This publication is protected
under the Copyright laws of Denmark and most other
countries.
Danfoss does not warrant that a software program
produced according to the guidelines provided in this
manual will function properly in every physical, hardware
or software environment.
Although Danfoss has tested and reviewed the documentation within this manual, Danfoss makes no warranty or
representation, neither expressed nor implied, with respect
to this documentation, including its quality, performance,
or fitness for a particular purpose.
In no event shall Danfoss be liable for direct, indirect,
special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of
the use, or the inability to use information contained in
this manual, even if advised of the possibility of such
damages. In particular, Danfoss is not responsible for any
costs, including but not limited to those incurred as a
result of lost profits or revenue, loss or damage of
equipment, loss of computer programs, loss of data, the
costs to substitute these, or any claims by third parties.
Danfoss reserves the right to revise this publication at any
time and to make changes to its contents without prior
notice or any obligation to notify former or present users
of such revisions or changes.
1.1.2 Available Literature for VLT HVAC
Basic Drive
-
Quick Guide MG.18.AX.YY
-
Programming Guide MG.18.BX.YY provides
information on how to programme and includes
complete parameter descriptions.
-
Design Guide MG.18.Cx.yy entails all technical
information about the frequency converter and
customer design and applications.
-
PC-based Configuration Tool MCT 10, MG.
10.AX.YY enables the user to configure the
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How to Read this Design Gui...
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-
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
frequency converter from a Windows™ based PC
environment.
1.1.4 Abbreviations
Danfoss VLT® Energy Box software at
www.danfoss.com/BusinessAreas/DrivesSolutions
then choose PC Software Download
VLT® Energy Box Software allows energy
consumption comparisons of HVAC fans and
pumps driven by Danfoss drives and alternative
methods of flow control. This tool may be used
to project, as accurately as possible, the costs,
savings, and payback of using Danfoss frequency
converters on HVAC fans and pumps.
Alternating current
AC
American wire gauge
AWG
Ampere/AMP
A
Automatic Motor Adaptation
AMA
Current limit
ILIM
x = Revision number
yy = Language code
Danfoss technical literature is available in print from your
local Danfoss Sales Office or online at:
www.danfoss.com/BusinessAreas/DrivesSolutions/Documentations/Technical+Documentation.htm
1.1.3 Symbols
Symbols used in this guide.
NOTE
Indicates something to be noted by the reader.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury or
equipment damage.
WARNING
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
*
4
Indicates default setting
Degrees Celsius
°C
Direct current
DC
Electro Magnetic Compatibility
EMC
Electronic Thermal Relay
ETR
Frequency Converter
FC
Gram
g
Hertz
Hz
Kilohertz
kHz
Local Control Panel
LCP
Meter
m
Millihenry Inductance
mH
Milliampere
mA
Millisecond
ms
Minute
min
Motion Control Tool
MCT
Nanofarad
nF
Newton Meters
Nm
Nominal motor current
IM,N
Nominal motor frequency
fM,N
Nominal motor power
PM,N
Nominal motor voltage
UM,N
Parameter
par.
Protective Extra Low Voltage
PELV
Printed Circuit Board
PCB
Rated Inverter Output Current
IINV
Revolutions Per Minute
RPM
Regenerative terminals
Regen
Second
sec.
Synchronous Motor Speed
ns
Torque limit
TLIM
Volts
V
The maximum output current
IVLT,MAX
The rated output current supplied by the
frequency converter
IVLT,N
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1.1.5 Definitions
1 1
PM,N
The rated motor power (nameplate data).
Frequency converter
UM
The instantaneous motor voltage.
IVLT,MAX
The maximum output current.
IVLT,N
The rated output current supplied by the frequency
converter.
UVLT, MAX
The maximum output voltage.
UM,N
The rated motor voltage (nameplate data).
Break-away torque
175ZA078.10
Torque
Pull-out
Input
Control command
You can start and stop the
connected motor by means
of LCP and the digital
inputs.
Functions are divided into 2
groups.
Functions in group 1 have
higher priority than
functions in group 2.
Group
1
Reset, Coasting stop,
Reset and Coasting stop,
Quick-stop, DC braking,
Stop and the [Off] key.
Group
2
Start, Pulse start,
Reversing, Start reversing,
Jog and Freeze output
rpm
Motor
fJOG
The motor frequency when the jog function is activated
(via digital terminals).
fM
The motor frequency.
ηVLT
The efficiency of the LCP is defined as the ratio between
the power output and the power input.
Start-disable command
A stop command belonging to the group 1 control
commands - see this group.
Stop command
See Control commands.
fMAX
The maximum motor frequency.
References
fMIN
The minimum motor frequency.
fM,N
The rated motor frequency (nameplate data).
IM
The motor current.
IM,N
The rated motor current (nameplate data).
nM,N
The rated motor speed (nameplate data).
Analog Reference
A signal transmitted to the analog inputs 53 or 54, can be
voltage or current.
Bus Reference
A signal transmitted to the serial communication port (FC
port).
Preset Reference
A defined preset reference to be set from -100% to +100%
of the reference range. Selection of eight preset references
via the digital terminals.
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RefMAX
Determines the relationship between the reference input
at 100% full scale value (typically 10V, 20mA) and the
resulting reference. The maximum reference value set in
3-03 Maximum Reference.
LCP
The Local Control Panel (LCP) makes up a complete
interface for control and programming of the frequency
converter. The control panel is detachable and can be
installed up to 3m from the frfrequency converter, i.e. in a
front panel by means of the installation kit option.
RefMIN
Determines the relationship between the reference input
at 0% value (typically 0V, 0mA, 4mA) and the resulting
reference. The minimum reference value set in
3-02 Minimum Reference
lsb
Least significant bit.
Miscellaneous
Analog Inputs
The analog inputs are used for controlling various
functions of the frequency converter.
There are two types of analog inputs:
Current input, 0-20mA and 4-20mA
Voltage input, 0-10V DC.
msb
Most significant bit.
Analog Outputs
The analog outputs can supply a signal of 0-20mA,
4-20mA, or a digital signal.
PI Controller
The PI controller maintains the desired speed, pressure,
temperature, etc. by adjusting the output frequency to
match the varying load.
Automatic Motor Adaptation, AMA
AMA algorithm determines the electrical parameters for
the connected motor at standstill.
Digital Inputs
The digital inputs can be used for controlling various
functions of the frequency converter.
Digital Outputs
The frequency converter features 2 Solid State outputs that
can supply a 24V DC (max. 40mA) signal.
MCM
Short for Mille Circular Mil, an American measuring unit for
cable cross-section. 1 MCM ≡ 0.5067mm2.
On-line/Off-line Parameters
Changes to on-line parameters are activated immediately
after the data value is changed. Changes to off-line
parameters are not activated until you enter [OK] on the
LCP.
RCD
Residual Current Device.
Set-up
You can save parameter settings in 2 Set-ups. Change
between the 2 parameter Set-ups and edit one Set-up,
while another Set-up is active.
Relay Outputs
The frequency converter features two programmable Relay
Outputs.
Slip Compensation
The frequency converter compensates for the motor slip
by giving the frequency a supplement that follows the
measured motor load keeping the motor speed almost
constant.
ETR
Electronic Thermal Relay is a thermal load calculation
based on present load and time. Its purpose is to estimate
the motor temperature.
Smart Logic Control (SLC)
The SLC is a sequence of user defined actions executed
when the associated user defined events are evaluated as
true by the SLC.
Initialising
If initialising is carried out (14-22 Operation Mode), the
programmable parameters of the frequency converter
return to their default settings.
Initialising; 14-22 Operation Mode will not initialise
communication parameters.
Thermistor
A temperature-dependent resistor placed where the
temperature is to be monitored (frequency converter or
motor).
Intermittent Duty Cycle
An intermittent duty rating refers to a sequence of duty
cycles. Each cycle consists of an on-load and an off-load
period. The operation can be either periodic duty or noneperiodic duty.
6
Trip
A state entered in fault situations, e.g. if the frequency
converter is subject to an over-temperature or when the
frequency converter is protecting the motor, process or
mechanism. Restart is prevented until the cause of the
fault has disappeared and the trip state is cancelled by
activating reset or, in some cases, by being programmed
to reset automatically. Trip may not be used for personal
safety.
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Trip Locked
A state entered in fault situations when the frequency
converter is protecting itself and requiring physical
intervention, e.g. if the frequency converter is subject to a
short circuit on the output. A locked trip can only be
cancelled by cutting off mains, removing the cause of the
fault, and reconnecting the frequency converter. Restart is
prevented until the trip state is cancelled by activating
reset or, in some cases, by being programmed to reset
automatically. Trip locked may not be used for personal
safety.
VT Characteristics
Variable torque characteristics used for pumps and fans.
VVCplus
If compared with standard voltage/frequency ratio control,
Voltage Vector Control (VVCplus) improves the dynamics
and the stability, both when the speed reference is
changed and in relation to the load torque.
1.1.6 Power Factor
The power factor is the relation between I1 and IRMS.
Power factor =
3 × U × I 1 × COS ϕ
3 × U × I RMS
The power factor for 3-phase control:
=
I 1 × cos ϕ1
I RMS
=
I1
since cos ϕ1 = 1
I RMS
The power factor indicates to which extent the frequency
converter imposes a load on the mains supply.
The lower the power factor, the higher the IRMS for the
same kW performance.
I RMS = I 12 + I 52 + I 72 + . . + I n2
In addition, a high power factor indicates that the different
harmonic currents are low.
The frequency converters' built-in DC coils produce a high
power factor, which minimizes the imposed load on the
mains supply.
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2 Introduction to VLT HVAC Basic Drive
2 2
Installation at high altitudes
CAUTION
2.1 Safety
At altitudes above 2km, please contact Danfoss regarding
PELV.
2.1.1 Safety Note
WARNING
WARNING
DANGEROUS VOLTAGE
The voltage of the frequency converter is dangerous
whenever connected to mains. Incorrect installation of the
motor, frequency converter or fieldbus may cause death,
serious personal injury or damage to the equipment.
Consequently, the instructions in this manual, as well as
national and local rules and safety regulations, must be
complied with.
Safety Regulations
1.
The frequency converter must be disconnected
from mains if repair work is to be carried out.
Check that the mains supply has been disconnected and that the necessary time has passed
before removing motor and mains plugs.
2.
The [STOP/RESET] key on the LCP of the
frequency converter does not disconnect the
equipment from mains and is thus not to be used
as a safety switch.
3.
Correct protective earthing of the equipment
must be established, the user must be protected
against supply voltage, and the motor must be
protected against overload in accordance with
applicable national and local regulations.
4.
The earth leakage currents are higher than
3.5mA.
5.
Protection against motor overload is set by
1-90 Motor Thermal Protection. If this function is
desired, set 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection to data
value [ETR trip] (default value) or data value [ETR
warning]. Note: The function is initialized at 1.16
x rated motor current and rated motor frequency.
For the North American market: The ETR
functions provide class 20 motor overload
protection in accordance with NEC.
6.
7.
8
Do not remove the plugs for the motor and
mains supply while the frequency converter is
connected to mains. Check that the mains supply
has been disconnected and that the necessary
time has passed before removing motor and
mains plugs.
UNINTENDED START
1.
The motor can be brought to a stop by means of
digital commands, bus commands, references or
a local stop, while the frequency converter is
connected to mains. If personal safety considerations make it necessary to ensure that no
unintended start occurs, these stop functions are
not sufficient.
2.
While parameters are being changed, the motor
may start. Consequently, the stop key [STOP/
RESET] must always be activated; following which
data can be modified.
3.
A motor that has been stopped may start if faults
occur in the electronics of the frequency
converter, or if a temporary overload or a fault in
the supply mains or the motor connection ceases.
WARNING
DISCHARGE TIME
Touching the electrical parts may be fatal - even after the
equipment has been disconnected from mains.
Also make sure that other voltage inputs have been
disconnected, load sharing (linkage of DC intermediate
circuit), as well as the motor connection for kinetic back
up.
The frequency converter DC link capacitors remain charged
after power has been disconnected. To avoid an electrical
shock hazard, disconnect the frequency converter from the
mains before carrying out maintenance. Wait at least as
follows before doing service on the frequency converter:
Voltage (V)
Power range (kW)
3 x 200
0.25 – 3.7
4
3 x 200
5.5 – 45
15
3 x 400
0.37 – 7.5
4
3 x 400
11 – 90
15
3 x 600
2.2 – 7.5
4
3 x 600
11 – 90
15
Check that all voltage inputs have been disconnected and that the necessary time has passed
before commencing repair work.
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Min. waiting time (min.)
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.2.2 What is Covered
2.1.2 Disposal Instruction
Equipment containing electrical
components may not be disposed of
together with domestic waste.
It must be separately collected with
electrical and electronic waste according
to local and currently valid legislation.
1.
The frequency converter is sold directly to the
end-consumer. The frequency converter is for
example sold to a DIY market. The end-consumer
is a layman. He installs the frequency converter
himself for use with a hobby machine, a kitchen
appliance, etc. For such applications, the
frequency converter must be CE labelled in
accordance with the EMC directive.
2.
The frequency converter is sold for installation in
a plant. The plant is built up by professionals of
the trade. It could be a production plant or a
heating/ventilation plant designed and installed
by professionals of the trade. Neither the
frequency converter nor the finished plant has to
be CE labelled under the EMC directive. However,
the unit must comply with the basic EMC
requirements of the directive. This is ensured by
using components, appliances, and systems that
are CE labelled under the EMC directive.
3.
The frequency converter is sold as part of a
complete system. The system is being marketed
as complete and could e.g. be an air-conditioning
system. The complete system must be CE labelled
in accordance with the EMC directive. The
manufacturer can ensure CE labelling under the
EMC directive either by using CE labelled
components or by testing the EMC of the system.
If he chooses to use only CE labelled
components, he does not have to test the entire
system.
2.2 CE Labelling
2.2.1 CE conformity and labelling
What is CE Conformity and Labelling?
The purpose of CE labelling is to avoid technical trade
obstacles within EFTA and the EU. The EU has introduced
the CE label as a simple way of showing whether a
product complies with the relevant EU directives. The CE
label says nothing about the specifications or quality of
the product. Frequency converters are regulated by three
EU directives:
The machinery directive (98/37/EEC)
All machines with critical moving parts are covered by the
machinery directive of January 1, 1995. Since a frequency
converter is largely electrical, it does not fall under the
machinery directive. However, if a frequency converter is
supplied for use in a machine, we provide information on
safety aspects relating to the frequency converter. We do
this by means of a manufacturer's declaration.
The low-voltage directive (73/23/EEC)
Frequency converters must be CE labelled in accordance
with the low-voltage directive of January 1, 1997. The
directive applies to all electrical equipment and appliances
used in the 50 - 1000V AC and the 75 - 1500V DC voltage
ranges. Danfoss CE-labels in accordance with the directive
and issues a declaration of conformity upon request.
The EMC directive (89/336/EEC)
EMC is short for electromagnetic compatibility. The
presence of electromagnetic compatibility means that the
mutual interference between different components/
appliances does not affect the way the appliances work.
The EMC directive came into effect January 1, 1996.
Danfoss CE-labels in accordance with the directive and
issues a declaration of conformity upon request. To carry
out EMC-correct installation, see the instructions in this
Design Guide. In addition, we specify which standards our
products comply with. We offer the filters presented in the
specifications and provide other types of assistance to
ensure the optimum EMC result.
The frequency converter is most often used by professionals of the trade as a complex component forming part
of a larger appliance, system or installation. It must be
noted that the responsibility for the final EMC properties of
the appliance, system or installation rests with the installer.
2 2
The EU "Guidelines on the Application of Council Directive
89/336/EEC" outline three typical situations of using a
frequency converter. See below for EMC coverage and CE
labelling.
2.2.3 Danfoss Frequency Converter and CE
Labelling
CE labelling is a positive feature when used for its original
purpose, i.e. to facilitate trade within the EU and EFTA.
However, CE labelling may cover many different specifications. Thus, you have to check what a given CE label
specifically covers.
The covered specifications can be very different and a CE
label may therefore give the installer a false feeling of
security when using a frequency converter as a component
in a system or an appliance.
Danfoss CE labels the frequency converters in accordance
with the low-voltage directive. This means that if the
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
frequency converter is installed correctly, we guarantee
compliance with the low-voltage directive. Danfoss issues a
declaration of conformity that confirms our CE labelling in
accordance with the low-voltage directive.
can be ordered as an option.(Standard on some power
sizes.)
The CE label also applies to the EMC directive provided
that the instructions for EMC-correct installation and
filtering are followed. On this basis, a declaration of
conformity in accordance with the EMC directive is issued.
Airborne Particles such as dust may cause mechanical,
electrical, or thermal failure in the frequency converter. A
typical indicator of excessive levels of airborne particles is
dust particles around the frequency converter fan. In very
dusty environments, use equipment with enclosure rating
IP54 or a cabinet for IP20/TYPE 1 equipment.
The Design Guide offers detailed instructions for installation to ensure EMC-correct installation. Furthermore,
Danfoss specifies which our different products comply
with.
In environments with high temperatures and humidity,
corrosive gases such as sulphur, nitrogen, and chlorine
compounds will cause chemical processes on the
frequency converter components.
Danfoss provides other types of assistance that can help
you obtain the best EMC result.
Such chemical reactions will rapidly affect and damage the
electronic components. In such environments, mount the
equipment in a cabinet with fresh air ventilation, keeping
aggressive gases away from the frequency converter.
An extra protection in such areas is a coating of the
printed circuit boards, which can be ordered as an option.
2.2.4 Compliance with EMC Directive
89/336/EEC
As mentioned, the frequency converter is mostly used by
professionals of the trade as a complex component
forming part of a larger appliance, system, or installation. It
must be noted that the responsibility for the final EMC
properties of the appliance, system or installation rests
with the installer. As an aid to the installer, Danfoss has
prepared EMC installation guidelines for the Power Drive
system. The standards and test levels stated for Power
Drive systems are complied with, provided that the EMCcorrect instructions for installation are followed, see the
section EMC Immunity.
The frequency converter has been designed to meet the
IEC/EN 60068-2-3 standard, EN 50178 pkt. 9.4.2.2 at 50°C.
2.3.1 Aggressive Environments
A frequency converter contains a large number of
mechanical and electronic components. All are to some
extent vulnerable to environmental effects.
Before installing the frequency converter, check the
ambient air for liquids, particles, and gases. This is done by
observing existing installations in this environment. Typical
indicators of harmful airborne liquids are water or oil on
metal parts, or corrosion of metal parts.
Excessive dust particle levels are often found on installation cabinets and existing electrical installations. One
indicator of aggressive airborne gases is blackening of
copper rails and cable ends on existing installations.
2.4 Vibration and Shock
The frequency converter has been tested according to the
procedure based on the shown standards:
CAUTION
The frequency converter should not be installed in
environments with airborne liquids, particles, or gases
capable of affecting and damaging the electronic
components. Failure to take the necessary protective
measures increases the risk of stoppages, thus reducing
the life of the frequency converter.
Liquids can be carried through the air and condense in the
frequency converter and may cause corrosion of
components and metal parts. Steam, oil, and salt water
may cause corrosion of components and metal parts. In
such environments, use equipment with enclosure rating
IP54. As an extra protection, coated printed circuit boards
10
NOTE
Mounting frequency converters in aggressive environments
increases the risk of stoppages and considerably reduces
the life of the converter.
The frequency converter complies with requirements that
exist for units mounted on the walls and floors of
production premises, as well as in panels bolted to walls or
floors.
IEC/EN 60068-2-6:
Vibration (sinusoidal) - 1970
IEC/EN 60068-2-64:
Vibration, broad-band random
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130BA781.10
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120
A
2.5 Advantages
2.5.1 Why use a Frequency Converter for
Controlling Fans and Pumps?
PRESSURE %
80
A frequency converter takes advantage of the fact that
centrifugal fans and pumps follow the laws of proportionality for such fans and pumps. For further information
see 2.4.3 Example of Energy Savings.
40
C
20
20
40
60
80 100
Voume %
120
140
160
180
60
80
100
Voume %
120
140
160
180
2.5.2 The Clear Advantage - Energy Savings
120
A
PRESSURE%
100
SYSTEM CURVE
120
100
INPUT POWER %
130BA780.10
The very clear advantage of using a frequency converter
for controlling the speed of fans or pumps lies in the
electricity savings.
When comparing with alternative control systems and
technologies, a frequency converter is the optimum energy
control system for controlling fan and pump systems.
80
60
40
20
0
80
ENERGY
CONSUMED
20
40
FAN CURVE
B
60
FAN CURVE
B
60
0
40
SYSTEM CURVE
100
Illustration 2.2 When using a frequency converter to reduce fan
capacity to 60% - more than 50% energy savings may be
obtained in typical applications.
C
20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
VOLUME%
140
160
180
Illustration 2.1 The graph is showing fan curves (A, B and C) for
reduced fan volumes.
2.5.3 Example of Energy Savings
As shown in Illustration 2.3, the flow is controlled by
changing the RPM. By reducing the speed only 20% from
the rated speed, the flow is also reduced by 20%. This is
because the flow is directly proportional to the RPM. The
consumption of electricity, however, is reduced by 50%.
If the system in question only needs to be able to supply a
flow that corresponds to 100% a few days in a year, while
the average is below 80% of the rated flow for the
remainder of the year, the amount of energy saved is even
more than 50%.
The laws of proportionality
Illustration 2.3 describes the dependence of flow, pressure and
power consumption on RPM.
Q = Flow
P = Power
Q1 = Rated flow
P1 = Rated power
Q2 = Reduced flow
P2 = Reduced power
H = Pressure
n = Speed regulation
H1 = Rated pressure
n1 = Rated speed
H2 = Reduced
n2 = Reduced speed
pressure
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
100%
2 2
130BA782.10
175HA208.10
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
80%
50%
Discharge
damper
Flow ~n
Pressure ~n2
Less energy savings
25%
Power ~n3
12,5%
n
50%
80% 100%
Illustration 2.3 Laws of Proportionally
Maximum energy savings
Q1
n1
=
Q2
n2
H1
n1 2
Pressure :
=
H2
n2
P1
n1 3
Power :
=
P2
n2
Flow :
( )
( )
IGV
Costlier installation
Illustration 2.4 The Three Common Energy Saving Systems
Discharge Damper Solution
IGV Solution
80
VLT Solution
Energy consumed
40
20
0
0
60
0
Energy consumed
60
Energy consumed
Illustration 2.5 shows typical energy savings obtainable
with 3 well-known solutions when fan volume is reduced
to i.e. 60%.
As the graph shows, more than 50% energy savings can be
achieved in typical applications.
100
Input power %
The Danfoss frequency converter solution offers major
savings compared with traditional energy saving solutions.
This is because the frequency converter is able to control
fan speed according to thermal load on the system and
the fact that the frequency converter has a built-in facility
that enables the frequency converter to function as a
Building Management System, BMS.
130BA779.11
2.5.4 Comparison of Energy Savings
60
0
60
Volume %
Illustration 2.5 Energy Savings
Discharge dampers reduce power consumption somewhat.
Inlet Guide Vans offer a 40% reduction but are expensive
to install. The Danfoss frequency converter solution
reduces energy consumption with more than 50% and is
easy to install.
12
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Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.5 Example with Varying Flow over 1
Year
m3/
h
Distribution
%
The example below is calculated on the basis of pump
characteristics obtained from a pump datasheet.
The result obtained shows energy savings in excess of 50%
at the given flow distribution over a year. The pay back
period depends on the price per kWh and price of
frequency converter. In this example it is less than a year
when compared with valves and constant speed.
Energy savings
Pshaft=Pshaft output
Valve regulation
Frequency converter
control
Hours Power Consumptio
n
A1 -
Power
Consumptio
n
kWh
A1 - C1
kWh
B1
350
5
438
42.5
18,615
42.5
18,615
300
15
1314
38.5
50,589
29.0
38,106
250
20
1752
35.0
61,320
18.5
32,412
200
20
1752
31.5
55,188
11.5
20,148
150
20
1752
28.0
49,056
6.5
11,388
100
20
1752
23.0
40,296
3.5
Σ
100
8760
275,064
6,132
26,801
Flow distribution over 1 year
2.5.6 Better Control
If a frequency converter is used for controlling the flow or
pressure of a system, improved control is obtained.
A frequency converter can vary the speed of the fan or
pump, thereby obtaining variable control of flow and
pressure.
Furthermore, a frequency converter can quickly adapt the
speed of the fan or pump to new flow or pressure
conditions in the system.
Simple control of process (Flow, Level or Pressure) utilizing
the built in PI control.
175HA209.11
Hs
(mwg)
60
50
B
When larger motors are started, it is necessary in many
countries to use equipment that limits the start-up current.
In more traditional systems, a star/delta starter or softstarter is widely used. Such motor starters are not required
if a frequency converter is used.
40
30
A
20
1650rpm
1350rpm
C
10
1050rpm
750rpm
0
2.5.7 Star/Delta Starter or Soft-starter not
Required
100
200
300
400
(m3 /h)
As illustrated in the figure below, a frequency converter
does not consume more than rated current.
Pshaft
(kW)
175HA227.10
800
60
700
50
A1
40
600
1650rpm
4
1350rpm
B1
20
10
C1
0
100
% Full load current
30
1050rpm
750rpm
200
300
400 (m3 /h)
500
400
300
3
200
2
100
0
1
0
12,5
25
37,5
50Hz
Full load
& speed
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
1 = VLT HVAC Basic Drive
2 = Star/delta starter
3 = Soft-starter
4 = Start directly on mains
2.5.8 Using a Frequency Converter Saves
Money
The example on the following page shows that a lot of
equipment is not required when a frequency converter is
used. It is possible to calculate the cost of installing the
two different systems. In the example on the following
page, the two systems can be established at roughly the
same price.
2.5.9 Without a Frequency Converter
D.D.C.
=
Direct Digital
Control
V.A.V.
=
Variable Air Volume
Sensor P
=
Pressure
Energy
= Management
system
E.M.S.
Sensor
T
= Temperature
Table 2.1 Fan System made in the Traditional Way
Cooling section
Heating section
-
Return
Control
Valve
position
Bypass
Fan section
Supply
air
Fan
M
+
Flow
3-Port
valve
Return
Inlet guide vane
Flow
3-Port
valve
Bypass
V.A.V
Sensors
PT
outlets
Control
Mechanical
linkage
and vanes
Valve
position
x6
Pump
M
x6
Pump
M
x6
Starter
Starter
Control
Local
D.D.C.
control
Starter
LV
supply
P.F.C
LV
supply
P.F.C
14
Duct
Main
B.M.S
Fuses
Fuses
Mains
IGV
Motor
or
actuator
Mains
Power
Factor
Correction
Mains
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Pressure
control
signal
0/10V
Temperature
control
signal
0/10V
175HA205.12
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Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.10 With a Frequency Converter
Heating section
Fan section
-
+
Fan
M
Return
Flow
Return
Supply
air
Sensors
PT
V.A.V
outlets
Flow
2 2
175HA206.11
Cooling section
x3
M
VLT
Pump
x3
M
Duct
Pump
x3
VLT
Control
temperature
0-10V
or
Mains 0/4-20mA Mains
VLT
Control
temperature
0-10V
or
0/4-20mA
Mains
Pressure
control
0-10V
or
0/4-20mA
Local
D.D.C.
control
Main
B.M.S
Illustration 2.6 Fan System Controlled by Frequency Converters
2.5.11 Application Examples
The next few pages provide typical examples of applications within HVAC.
If you would like to receive further information about a given application, please ask your Danfoss supplier for an
information sheet that gives a full description of the application. The following application notes can be downloaded from
the Danfoss web page, www.VLT-literature.com.
Variable Air Volume
Ask for The Drive to...Improving Variable Air Volume Ventilation Systems, MN.60.A1.02
Constant Air Volume
Ask for The Drive to...Improving Constant Air Volume Ventilation Systems, MN.60.B1.02
Cooling Tower Fan
Ask for The Drive to...Improving fan control on cooling towers, MN.60.C1.02
Condenser pumps
Ask for The Drive to...Improving condenser water pumping systems, MN.60.F1.02
Primary pumps
Ask for The Drive to...Improve your primary pumping in primay/secondary pumping systems, MN.60.D1.02
Secondary pumps
Ask for The Drive to...Improve your secondary pumping in primay/secondary pumping systems, MN.60.E1.02
2.5.12 Variable Air Volume
VAV or Variable Air Volume systems, control both the ventilation and temperature to satisfy the requirements of a building.
Central VAV systems are considered to be the most energy efficient method to air condition buildings. By designing central
systems instead of distributed systems, a greater efficiency can be obtained.
The efficiency comes from utilizing larger fans and larger chillers which have much higher efficiencies than small motors
and distributed air-cooled chillers. Savings are also seen from the decreased maintenance requirements.
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.13 The VLT Solution
While dampers and IGVs work to maintain a constant pressure in the ductwork, a frequency converter solution saves much
more energy and reduces the complexity of the installation. Instead of creating an artificial pressure drop or causing a
decrease in fan efficiency, the frequency converter decreases the speed of the fan to provide the flow and pressure required
by the system.
Centrifugal devices such as fans behave according to the centrifugal laws. This means the fans decrease the pressure and
flow they produce as their speed is reduced. Their power consumption is thereby significantly reduced.
The PI controller of the VLT HVAC Basic Drive can be used to eliminate the need for additional controllers.
Cooling coil
Heating coil
Filter
Frequency
converter
130BB455.10
2 2
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
Pressure
signal
VAV boxes
Supply fan
D1
3
T
Flow
D2
Frequency
converter
Return fan
Flow
3
D3
16
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Pressure
transmitter
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.14 Constant Air Volume
CAV, or Constant Air Volume systems are central ventilation systems usually used to supply large common zones with the
minimum amounts of fresh tempered air. They preceded VAV systems and therefore are found in older multi-zoned
commercial buildings as well. These systems preheat amounts of fresh air utilizing Air Handling Units (AHUs) with a heating
coil, and many are also used to air condition buildings and have a cooling coil. Fan coil units are frequently used to assist in
the heating and cooling requirements in the individual zones.
2.5.15 The VLT Solution
With a frequency converter, significant energy savings can be obtained while maintaining decent control of the building.
Temperature sensors or CO2 sensors can be used as feedback signals to frequency converters. Whether controlling
temperature, air quality, or both, a CAV system can be controlled to operate based on actual building conditions. As the
number of people in the controlled area decreases, the need for fresh air decreases. The CO2 sensor detects lower levels and
decreases the supply fans speed. The return fan modulates to maintain a static pressure setpoint or fixed difference
between the supply and return air flows.
Cooling coil
Heating coil
Filter
Frequency
converter
130BB451.10
With temperature control, especially used in air conditioning systems, as the outside temperature varies as well as the
number of people in the controlled zone changes, different cooling requirements exist. As the temperature decreases below
the set-point, the supply fan can decrease its speed. The return fan modulates to maintain a static pressure set-point. By
decreasing the air flow, energy used to heat or cool the fresh air is also reduced, adding further savings.
Several features of the Danfoss HVAC dedicated frequency converter can be utilized to improve the performance of your
CAV system. One concern of controlling a ventilation system is poor air quality. The programmable minimum frequency can
be set to maintain a minimum amount of supply air regardless of the feedback or reference signal. The frequency converter
also includes a 3-zone, 3 setpoint PID controller which allows monitoring both temperature and air quality. Even if the
temperature requirement is satisfied, the frequency converter will maintain enough supply air to satisfy the air quality
sensor. The controller is capable of monitoring and comparing two feedback signals to control the return fan by
maintaining a fixed differential air flow between the supply and return ducts as well.
Temperature
signal
Supply fan
D1
Temperature
transmitter
D2
Pressure
signal
Frequency
converter
Return fan
Pressure
transmitter
D3
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.16 Cooling Tower Fan
Cooling Tower Fans cool condenser water in water cooled chiller systems. Water cooled chillers provide the most efficient
means of creating chilled water. They are as much as 20% more efficient than air cooled chillers. Depending on climate,
cooling towers are often the most energy efficient method of cooling the condenser water from chillers.
They cool the condenser water by evaporation.
The condenser water is sprayed into the cooling tower onto the cooling towers “fill” to increase its surface area. The tower
fan blows air through the fill and sprayed water to aid in the evaporation. Evaporation removes energy from the water
dropping its temperature. The cooled water collects in the cooling towers basin where it is pumped back into the chillers
condenser and the cycle is repeated.
2.5.17 The VLT Solution
With a frequency converter, the cooling towers fans can be controlled to the required speed to maintain the condenser
water temperature. The frequency converters can also be used to turn the fan on and off as needed.
Several features of the Danfoss HVAC dedicated frequency converter, the HVAC frequency converter can be utilized to
improve the performance of your cooling tower fans application. As the cooling tower fans drop below a certain speed, the
effect the fan has on cooling the water becomes small. Also, when utilizing a gear-box to frequency control the tower fan, a
minimum speed of 40-50% may be required.
The customer programmable minimum frequency setting is available to maintain this minimum frequency even as the
feedback or speed reference calls for lower speeds.
130BB453.10
Also as a standard feature, the frequency converter can be programmed to enter a “sleep” mode and stop the fan until a
higher speed is required. Additionally, some cooling tower fans have undesireable frequencies that may cause vibrations.
These frequencies can easily be avoided by programming the bypass frequency ranges in the frequency converter.
Frequency
converter
Water Inlet
Temperature
Sensor
BASIN
Water Outlet
Conderser
Water pump
CHILLER
2 2
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
Supply
18
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Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.18 Condenser Pumps
2 2
Condenser Water pumps are primarily used to circulate water through the condenser section of water cooled chillers and
their associated cooling tower. The condenser water absorbs the heat from the chiller's condenser section and releases it
into the atmosphere in the cooling tower. These systems are used to provide the most efficient means of creating chilled
water, they are as much as 20% more efficient than air cooled chillers.
2.5.19 The VLT Solution
Frequency converters can be added to condenser water pumps instead of balancing the pumps with a throttling valve or
trimming the pump impeller.
130BB452.10
Using a frequency converter instead of a throttling valve simply saves the energy that would have been absorbed by the
valve. This can amount to savings of 15-20% or more. Trimming the pump impeller is irreversible, thus if the conditions
change and higher flow is required the impeller must be replaced.
Frequency
converter
Water
Inlet
Flow or pressure sensor
BASIN
CHILLER
Water
Outlet
Condenser
Water pump
Throttling
valve
Supply
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2.5.20 Primary Pumps
Primary pumps in a primary/secondary pumping system can be used to maintain a constant flow through devices that
encounter operation or control difficulties when exposed to variable flow. The primary/secondary pumping technique
decouples the “primary” production loop from the “secondary” distribution loop. This allows devices such as chillers to
obtain constant design flow and operate properly while allowing the rest of the system to vary in flow.
As the evaporator flow rate decreases in a chiller, the chilled water begins to become over-chilled. As this happens, the
chiller attempts to decrease its cooling capacity. If the flow rate drops far enough, or too quickly, the chiller cannot shed its
load sufficiently and the chiller’s low evaporator temperature safety trips the chiller requiring a manual reset. This situation
is common in large installations especially when two or more chillers in parallel are installed if primary/ secondary pumping
is not utilized.
20
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.21 The VLT Solution
Depending on the size of the system and the size of the primary loop, the energy consumption of the primary loop can
become substantial.
A frequency converter can be added to the primary system, to replace the throttling valve and/or trimming of the impellers,
leading to reduced operating expenses. Two control methods are common:
The first method uses a flow meter. Because the desired flow rate is known and is constant, a flow meter installed at the
discharge of each chiller, can be used to control the pump directly. Using the built-in PID controller, the frequency
converter will always maintain the appropriate flow rate, even compensating for the changing resistance in the primary
piping loop as chillers and their pumps are staged on and off.
Flowmeter
Flowmeter
Frequency
converter
CHILLER
F
CHILLER
F
130BB456.10
The other method is local speed determination. The operator simply decreases the output frequency until the design flow
rate is achieved.
Using a frequency converter to decrease the pump speed is very similar to trimming the pump impeller, except it doesn’t
require any labor and the pump efficiency remains higher. The balancing contractor simply decreases the speed of the
pump until the proper flow rate is achieved and leaves the speed fixed. The pump will operate at this speed any time the
chiller is staged on. Because the primary loop doesn’t have control valves or other devices that can cause the system curve
to change and the variance due to staging pumps and chillers on and off is usually small, this fixed speed will remain
appropriate. In the event the flow rate needs to be increased later in the systems life, the frequency converter can simply
increase the pump speed instead of requiring a new pump impeller.
Frequency
converter
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.5.22 Secondary Pumps
Secondary pumps in a primary/secondary chilled water pumping system distribute the chilled water to the loads from the
primary production loop. The primary/secondary pumping system is used to hydronically de-couple one piping loop from
another. In this case. The primary pump is used to maintain a constant flow through the chillers while allowing the
secondary pumps to vary in flow, increase control and save energy.
If the primary/secondary design concept is not used and a variable volume system is designed, when the flow rate drops far
enough or too quickly, the chiller cannot shed its load properly. The chiller’s low evaporator temperature safety then trips
the chiller requiring a manual reset. This situation is common in large installations especially when two or more chillers in
parallel are installed.
2.5.23 The VLT Solution
While the primary-secondary system with two-way valves improves energy savings and eases system control problems, the
true energy savings and control potential is realized by adding frequency converters.
With the proper sensor location, the addition of frequency converters allows the pumps to vary their speed to follow the
system curve instead of the pump curve.
This results in the elimination of wasted energy and eliminates most of the over-pressurization, two-way valves can be
subjected too.
As the monitored loads are reached, the two-way valves close down. This increases the differential pressure measured
across the load and two-way valve. As this differential pressure starts to rise, the pump is slowed to maintain the control
head also called setpoint value. This set-point value is calculated by summing the pressure drop of the load and two way
valve together under design conditions.
P
Frequency
converter
22
CHILLER
3
Frequency
converter
3
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
130BB454.10
Please note that when running multiple pumps in parallel, they must run at the same speed to maximize energy savings,
either with individual dedicated drives or one frequency converter running multiple pumps in parallel.
CHILLER
2 2
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Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.6 Control Structures
In 1-00 Configuration Mode it can be selected if open or closed loop is to be used.
2 2
130BB892.10
2.6.1 Control Structure Open Loop
100%
Reference
handling
Remote
reference
P 4-14
Motor speed
high limit [Hz]
P 3-4* Ramp 1
P 3-5* Ramp 2
Remote
Auto mode
Reference
Hand mode
0%
To motor
control
Ramp
Local
Local
reference
scaled to
Hz
P 4-12
Motor speed
low limit [Hz]
100%
-100%
LCP Hand on,
off and auto
on keys
P 4-10
Motor speed
direction
Illustration 2.7 Open Loop Structure
In the configuration shown in Illustration 2.7, 1-00 Configuration Mode is set to Open loop [0]. The resulting reference from
the reference handling system or the local reference is received and fed through the ramp limitation and speed limitation
before being sent to the motor control.
The output from the motor control is then limited by the maximum frequency limit.
2.6.2 Local (Hand On) and Remote (Auto On) Control
The frequency converter can be operated manually via the local control panel (LCP) or remotely via analog/digital inputs or
serial bus.
If allowed in 0-40 [Hand on] Key on LCP, 0-44 [Off / Reset] Key on LCP, and 0-42 [Auto on] Key on LCP, it is possible to start and
stop the frequency converter by LCP using the [Hand On] and [Off/Reset] keys. Alarms can be reset via the [Off/Reset] key.
After pressing the [Hand On] key, the frequency converter goes into Hand Mode and follows (as default) the Local reference
set by using the LCP arrow keys up [▲] and down [▼].
Hand
On
Off
Reset
Auto
On
130BB893.10
After pressing the [Auto On] key, the frequency converter goes into Auto mode and follows (as default) the Remote
reference. In this mode, it is possible to control the frequency converter via the digital inputs and RS-485. See more about
starting, stopping, changing ramps and parameter set-ups etc. in parameter group 5-1* (digital inputs) or parameter group
8-5* (serial communication).
Local reference will force the configuration mode to open loop, independent on the setting of 1-00 Configuration Mode.
Local Reference will be restored at power-down.
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.6.3 Control Structure Closed Loop
The internal controller allows the frequency converter to become an integral part of the controlled system. The frequency
converter receives a feedback signal from a sensor in the system. It then compares this feedback to a set-point reference
value and determines the error, if any, between these two signals. It then adjusts the speed of the motor to correct this
error.
130BB894.11
For example, consider a pump application where the speed of a pump is to be controlled so that the static pressure in a
pipe is constant. The desired static pressure value is supplied to the frequency converter as the set-point reference. A static
pressure sensor measures the actual static pressure in the pipe and supplies this to the frequency converter as a feedback
signal. If the feedback signal is greater than the set-point reference, the frequency converter will slow down to reduce the
pressure. In a similar way, if the pipe pressure is lower than the set-point reference, the frequency converter will automatically speed up to increase the pressure provided by the pump.
100%
Reference
+
0%
S
_
Scale to
speed
PI
*[-1]
To motor
control
100%
Feedback
-100%
7-30 PI
Normal/Inverse
Control
P 4-10
Motor speed
direction
While the default values for the frequency converter’s Closed Loop controller will often provide satisfactory performance,
the control of the system can often be optimized by adjusting some of the Closed Loop controller’s parameters.
2.6.4 Feedback Conversion
In some applications it may be useful to convert the feedback signal. One example of this is using a pressure signal to
provide flow feedback. Since the square root of pressure is proportional to flow, the square root of the pressure signal
yields a value proportional to the flow. This is shown below.
130BB895.10
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Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
Ref.
signal
Desired
flow
Ref.+
-
PI
P 20-01
P 20-07
FB conversion
FB
P
Flow
Flow
P
FB
signal
P
24
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Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.6.5 Reference Handling
2 2
Details for Open Loop and Closed Loop operation.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
25
26
Intern resource
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
+
+
External reference in %
±200%
Parameter choise:
Reference resource 1,2,3
±100%
Preset reference
Input command:
preset ref bit0, bit1, bit2
Relative scalling reference
Illustration 2.8 Block Diagram Showing Remote Reference
Local bus reference
±200%
Analog reference
±200%
No function
Extern resource 3
Local bus reference
±200%
Analog reference
±200%
No function
Extern resource 2
Local bus reference
±200%
Analog reference
±200%
No function
Extern resource 1
Preset reference 0 ±100%
Preset reference 1 ±100%
Preset reference 2 ±100%
Preset reference 3 ±100%
Preset reference 4 ±100%
Preset reference 5 ±100%
Preset reference 6 ±100%
Preset reference 7 ±100%
Preset relative reference
±100%
±200%
X
Y
Relative
reference
=
X+X*Y/100
Freeze
reference &
increase/
decrease
reference
±100%
Speed up/speed down
Input commands:
±200%
Input command:
freeze reference
min-max ref
minRefPct
maxRefPCT
Remote
reference in %
Configuration
mode
Feedback
handling
±200%
Scale to
process
unit
Process
control
Scale to
Hz
Speed open
loop
Remote
reference/
setpoint
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
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130BB900.12
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
The Remote Reference is comprised of
•
•
•
•
2 2
Preset references
External references (analog inputs and serial
communication bus references)
The Preset relative reference
Feedback controlled setpoint
Up to 8 preset references can be programmed in the
frequency converter. The active preset reference can be
selected using digital inputs or the serial communications
bus. The reference can also be supplied externally, most
commonly from an analog input. This external source is
selected by one of the 3 Reference Source parameters
(3-15 Reference 1 Source, 3-16 Reference 2 Source and
3-17 Reference 3 Source). All reference resources and the
bus reference are added to produce the total External
Reference. The External Reference, the Preset Reference or
the sum of the two can be selected to be the active
reference. Finally, this reference can by be scaled using
3-14 Preset Relative Reference.
The scaled reference is calculated as follows:
Reference = X + X ×
Y
( 100
)
Where X is the external reference, the preset reference or
the sum of these and Y is 3-14 Preset Relative Reference in
[%].
If Y, 3-14 Preset Relative Reference is set to 0%, the
reference will not be affected by the scaling.
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27
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.6.6 Closed Loop Set-up Wizard
The closed loop setup wizard can be found in the quick menu.
1
0-03 Regional Settings
[0] International
2
0-01 Configuration Mode
[0] Open Loop
13
4-12 Motor speed low limit
0016 Hz
14
4-14 Motor speed high limit
0050 Hz
15
3-41 Ramp 1 ramp-up time
0003 s
17
3-42 Ramp1 ramp-down time
0003 s
18
1-73 Flying Start
[0] No
18a
20
3-02 Min Reference
[1] 0
21
3-03 Max Reference
[1] 50
22
3-10 Preset reference [0]
[1] 0
Current
23
28
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
4 mA
29
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
0016 Hz
30
6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
20 mA
31
28
6-29 Terminal 54 Mode
[1] Voltage mode
32
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter time constant
0,01 s
33
20-81 PI Normal/Inverse Control
[0] Normal
34
20-83 PI Start Speed
0 Hz
35
20-93 PI Proportional Gain
0,01 s
36
20-94 PI Integral Time
9999 s
37
1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption
[1] Enable
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb. Value
50
20-00 Feedback1 source
[2] Analog in 54
Asynchronous Motor
1-20 Motor Power
1.10 kW
3
1-22 Motor Voltage
0050 V
4
1-23 Motor frequency
0050 Hz
5
1-24 Motor current
04.66 A
6
1-25 Motor nominal speed
1420 RPM
7
130BB631.11
2 2
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
This dialog is forced to be set to
[2] Analog in 54
3-10 Preset reference is the set-point
Voltage
6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage
0,07 V
24
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
0 Hz
25
6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage
10 V
26
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb. Value
0050 Hz
27
Please note that Terminal 27 Digital Input (par. 5-12)
has coast inverse as default setting. This means that
AMA can not be performed if there is no 24V to terminal
27 so please connect terminal 12 to terminal 27.
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Closed Loop Set-up Wizard
No & Name
Range
Default
0-03 Regional Settings
[0] International
[1] US
0
1-00 Configuration Mode
[0] Open loop
[3] Closed loop
0
Function
2 2
Change this parameter to Closed loop
1-20 Motor Power
0.09-110kW
Size related Enter motor power from nameplate data
1-22 Motor Voltage
50.0 - 1000.0V
Size related Enter motor voltage from nameplate data
1-23 Motor Frequency
20.0 - 400.0Hz
Size related Enter motor frequency from nameplate data
1-24 Motor Current
0.01 - 10000.00A
Size related Enter motor current from nameplate data
1-25 Motor Nominal Speed
100.0 - 9999.0RPM Size related Enter motor nominal speed from nameplate data
4-12 Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz] 0.0 - Hz
0.0 Hz
4-14 Motor Speed High Limit
[Hz]
65Hz
0-Hz
Enter the minimum limit for low speed
3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s
Size related Ramp up time from 0 to rated 1-23 Motor Frequency
3-42 Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s
Size related Ramp down time from rated 1-23 Motor Frequency to 0
1-73 Flying Start
[0] Disabled
[1] Enabled
0
Select Enable to enable the frequency converter to catch a spinning
motor. I.e. fan applications
3-02 Minimum Reference
-4999-4999
0
The minimum reference is the lowest value obtainable by summing all
references
3-03 Maximum Reference
-4999-4999
50
The maximum reference is the highest value obtainable by summing
all references
3-10 Preset Reference
-100-100%
0
Enter the set point
6-29 Terminal 54 mode
[0] Current
[1] Voltage
1
Select if terminal 54 is used for current- or voltage input
6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage
0-10V
0.07V
Enter the voltage that corresponds to the low reference value
6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage
0-10V
10V
Enter the voltage that corresponds to the low high reference value
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
0-20mA
4
Enter the current that corresponds to the high reference value
6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
0-20mA
20
Enter the current that corresponds to the high reference value
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./
Feedb. Value
-4999-4999
0
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./
Feedb. Value
-4999-4999
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter Time
Constant
0-10 s
Enter the feedback value that corresponds to the voltage or current
set in 6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage/6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
50
Enter the feedback value that corresponds to the voltage or current
set in 6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage/6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
0.01
Enter the filter time comstant
Select Normal [0] to set the process control to increase the output
20-81 PI Normal/ Inverse Control [0] Normal
[1] Inverse
0
20-83 PI Start Speed [Hz]
0-200Hz
0
Enter the motor speed to be attained as a start signal for
commencement of PI control
20-93 PI Proportional Gain
0-10
0.01
Enter the process controller proportional gain. Quick control is
obtained at high amplification. However if amplification is too great,
the process may become unstable
20-94 PI Integral Time
0.1-999.0 sec.
999.0 sec.
Enter the process controller integral time. Obtain quick control through
a short integral time, though if the integral time is too short, the
process becomes unstable. An excessively long integral time disables
the integral action.
Off
Performing an AMA optimizes motor performance
1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption
(AMA)
speed when the process error is positive. Select Inverse [1] to reduce
the output speed.
2.6.7 Tuning the Drive Closed Loop Controller
Once the frequency converter's Closed Loop Controller has been set up, the performance of the controller should be tested.
In many cases, its performance may be acceptable using the default values of 20-93 PI Proportional Gain and 20-94 PI Integral
Time. However, in some cases it may be helpful to optimize these parameter values to provide faster system response while
still controlling speed overshoot.
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.6.8 Manual PI Adjustment
2 2
1.
Start the motor.
2.
Set 20-93 PI Proportional Gain to 0.3 and increase it until the feedback signal begins to oscillate. If necessary, start
and stop the frequency converter or make step changes in the set-point reference to attempt to cause oscillation.
Next reduce the PI Proportional Gain until the feedback signal stabilizes. Then reduce the proportional gain by
40-60%.
3.
Set 20-94 PI Integral Time to 20 sec. and reduce it until the feedback signal begins to oscillate. If necessary, start
and stop the frequency converter or make step changes in the set-point reference to attempt to cause oscillation.
Next, increase the PI Integral Time until the feedback signal stabilizes. Then increase of the Integral Time by
15-50%.
2.7 General Aspects of EMC
2.7.1 General Aspects of EMC Emissions
Electrical interference is usually conducted at frequencies in the range 150kHz to 30MHz. Airborne interference from the
frequency converter system in the range 30MHz to 1GHz is generated from the inverter, motor cable, and the motor.
As shown in the illustration below, capacitive currents in the motor cable coupled with a high dU/dt from the motor
voltage generate leakage currents.
The use of a screened motor cable increases the leakage current (see illustration below) because screened cables have
higher capacitance to earth than unscreened cables. If the leakage current is not filtered, it will cause greater interference
on the mains in the radio frequency range below approximately 5MHz. Since the leakage current (I1) is carried back to the
unit through the screen (I 3), there will in principle only be a small electro-magnetic field (I4) from the screened motor cable
according to the below figure.
FREQUENCY
LINE
MOTOR CABLE SCREENED
MOTOR
CONVERTER
CS
z
L1
z
L2
V
z
L3
W
z PE
PE
175ZA062.11
The screen reduces the radiated interference but increases the low-frequency interference on the mains. The motor cable
screen must be connected to the frequency converter enclosure as well as on the motor enclosure. This is best done by
using integrated screen clamps so as to avoid twisted screen ends (pigtails). These increase the screen impedance at higher
frequencies, which reduces the screen effect and increases the leakage current (I4).
If a screened cable is used for fieldbus, relay, control cable, signal interface and brake, the screen must be mounted on the
enclosure at both ends. In some situations, however, it will be necessary to break the screen to avoid current loops.
CS
U
I1
I2
PE
CS
I3
Earth wire
Screen
CS
CS
I4
CS
I4
Earth Plane
If the screen is to be placed on a mounting plate for the frequency converter, the mounting plate must be made of metal,
because the screen currents have to be conveyed back to the unit. Moreover, ensure good electrical contact from the
mounting plate through the mounting screws to the frequency converter chassis.
30
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
When unscreened cables are used, some emission requirements are not complied with, although the immunity
requirements are observed.
In order to reduce the interference level from the entire system (unit + installation), make motor and brake cables as short
as possible. Avoid placing cables with a sensitive signal level alongside motor and brake cables. Radio interference higher
than 50MHz (airborne) is especially generated by the control electronics. Please see 5.1.5 EMC-Correct Electrical Installationfor
more information on EMC.
2.7.2 Emission Requirements
According to the EMC product standard for adjustable speed frequency converters EN/IEC 61800-3:2004 the EMC
requirements depend on the intended use of the frequency converter. Four categories are defined in the EMC product
standard. The definitions of the 4 categories together with the requirements for mains supply voltage conducted emissions
are given in Table 2.2.
Conducted emission requirement
according to the limits given in EN
55011
Category
Definition
C1
Frequency converters installed in the first environment (home and office) with a
supply voltage less than 1000V.
Class B
C2
Frequency converters installed in the first environment (home and office) with a
supply voltage less than 1000V, which are neither plug-in nor movable and are
intended to be installed and commissioned by a professional.
Class A Group 1
C3
Frequency converters installed in the second environment (industrial) with a supply
voltage lower than 1000V.
Class A Group 2
C4
Frequency converters installed in the second environment with a supply voltage
equal to or above 1000 V or rated current equal to or above 400A or intended for
use in complex systems.
No limit line.
An EMC plan should be made.
Table 2.2 Emission Requirements
When the generic emission standards are used the frequency converters are required to comply with the following limits
Conducted emission requirement
according to the limits given in EN 55011
Environment
Generic standard
First environment
(home and office)
EN/IEC 61000-6-3 Emission standard for residential, commercial
and light industrial environments.
Class B
Second environment
(industrial environment)
EN/IEC 61000-6-4 Emission standard for industrial environments.
Class A Group 1
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31
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.7.3 EMC Test Results
The following test results have been obtained using a system with a frequency converter, a screened control cable, a control
box with potentiometer, as well as a motor screened cable.
RFI Filter Type
Conduct emission. Maximum shielded cable length
Industrial environment
EN 55011 Class A2
Without
external
filter
With
external
filter
Radiated emission
Housing, trades and
light industries
EN 55011 Class A1
Without
external
filter
With
external
filter
0.25-11kW
3x200-240V IP20
25m
0.37-22kW
3x380-480V IP20
25m
EN 55011 Class B
Without
external
filter
Industrial
environment
EN 55011 Class A1
Housing, trades and
light industries
EN 55011 Class B
With
external
filter
Without
external
filter
With
external
filter
Without
external
filter
With
external
filter
50m
20m
Yes
Yes
-
50m
20m
Yes
Yes
-
H4 RFI filter
(Class A1)
H2 RFI filter
(Class A2)
1.5-45kW
3x200-240V IP20
25m
no
-
30-90kW
3x380-480V IP20
25m
no
-
22-90kW
3x380-480V IP54
25m
no
-
H3 RFI filter
(Class A1/B)
1.5-45kW
3x200-240V IP20
50m
20m
yes
-
30-90kW
3x380-480V IP20
50m
20m
yes
-
22-90kW
3x380-480V IP54
50m
10m
yes
-
32
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
2.7.5 Harmonics Emission Requirements
2.7.4 General Aspects of Harmonics
Emission
2 2
Equipment connected to the public supply network
A frequency converter takes up a non-sinusoidal current
from mains, which increases the input current IRMS. A nonsinusoidal current is transformed by means of a Fourier
analysis and split up into sine-wave currents with different
frequencies, i.e. different harmonic currents I N with 50Hz
as the basic frequency:
Harmonic currents
Hz
I1
I5
I7
50Hz
250Hz
350Hz
Options:
Definition:
1
IEC/EN 61000-3-2 Class A for 3-phase balanced
equipment (for professional equipment only up to
1kW total power).
2
IEC/EN 61000-3-12 Equipment 16A-75A and professional equipment as from 1kW up to 16A phase
current.
2.7.6 Harmonics Test Results (Emission)
The harmonics do not affect the power consumption
directly but increase the heat losses in the installation
(transformer, cables). Consequently, in plants with a high
percentage of rectifier load, maintain harmonic currents at
a low level to avoid overload of the transformer and high
temperature in the cables.
Power sizes up to PK75 in T2 and T4 complies with IEC/EN
61000-3-2 Class A. Power sizes from P1K1 and up to P18K
in T2 and up to P90K in T4 complies with IEC/EN
61000-3-12, Table 4.
175HA034.10
Individual Harmonic Current In/I1 (%)
I5
I7
I11
I13
Actual 0.25-11kW,
200V (typical)
32.6
16.6
8.0
6.0
Limit for Rsce≥120
40
25
15
10
Harmonic current distortion factor (%)
NOTE
Some of the harmonic currents might disturb communication equipment connected to the same transformer or
cause resonance in connection with power-factor
correction batteries.
To ensure low harmonic currents, the frequency converter
is equipped with intermediate circuit coils as standard. This
normally reduces the input current I RMS by 40%.
The voltage distortion on the mains supply voltage
depends on the size of the harmonic currents multiplied
by the mains impedance for the frequency in question.
The total voltage distortion THD is calculated on the basis
of the individual voltage harmonics using this formula:
THD % = U
THD
PWHD
Actual 0.25-11kW,
200V (typical)
39
41.4
Limit for Rsce≥120
48
46
Individual Harmonic Current In/I1 (%)
I5
I7
I11
I13
Actual 0.37-22kW,
380-480V (typical)
36.7
20.8
7.6
6.4
Limit for Rsce≥120
40
25
15
10
Harmonic current distortion factor (%)
THD
PWHD
Actual 0.37-22kW,
380-480V (typical)
44.4
40.8
Limit for Rsce≥120
48
46
Individual Harmonic Current In/I1 (%)
2
2
2
+ U
+ ... + U
5
7
N
(UN% of U)
I5
I7
I11
I13
Actual 30-90kW,
380-480V (typical)
36.7
13.8
6.9
4.2
Limit for Rsce≥120
40
25
15
10
Harmonic current distortion factor (%)
THD
PWHD
Actual 30-90kW,
380-480V (typical)
40.6
28.8
Limit for Rsce≥120
48
46
Provided that the short-circuit power of the supply Ssc is
greater than or equal to:
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33
SSC = 3 × RSCE × U mains × I equ =
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
3 × 120 × 400 × I equ
at the interface point between the user’s supply and the
public system (Rsce).
It is the responsibility of the installer or user of the
equipment to ensure, by consultation with the distribution
network operator if necessary, that the equipment is
connected only to a supply with a short-circuit power Ssc
greater than or equal to specified above.
Other power sizes can be connected to the public supply
network by consultation with the distribution network
operator.
Compliance with various system level guidelines:
The harmonic current data in the table are given in
accordance with IEC/EN 61000-3-12 with reference to the
Power Drive Systems product standard. They may be used
as the basis for calculation of the harmonic currents'
influence on the power supply system and for the
documentation of compliance with relevant regional
guidelines: IEEE 519 -1992; G5/4.
higher isolation and the relevant test as described in EN
61800-5-1.
The PELV galvanic isolation can be shown in 5 locations
(see illustration):
To maintain PELV all connections made to the control
terminals must be PELV, e.g. thermistor must be
reinforced/double insulated.
0.25-22kW
1.
Power supply (SMPS)
2.
Opto-couplers, communication between AOC and
BOC
3.
Custom relays
SMPS
1
2
2.7.7 Immunity Requirements
3
The immunity requirements for frequency converters
depend on the environment where they are installed. The
requirements for the industrial environment are higher
than the requirements for the home and office
environment. All Danfoss frequency converters comply
with the requirements for the industrial environment and
consequently comply also with the lower requirements for
home and office environment with a large safety margin.
2.8 Galvanic Isolation (PELV)
2.8.1 PELV - Protective Extra Low Voltage
PELV offers protection by way of extra low voltage.
Protection against electric shock is ensured when the
electrical supply is of the PELV type and the installation is
made as described in local/national regulations on PELV
supplies.
All control terminals and relay terminals 01-03/04-06
comply with PELV (Protective Extra Low Voltage) (Does not
apply to grounded Delta leg above 440V).
Galvanic (ensured) isolation is obtained by fulfilling
requirements for higher isolation and by providing the
relevant creapage/clearance distances. These requirements
are described in the EN 61800-5-1 standard.
a
The functional galvanic isolation (a on drawing) is for the
RS-485 standard bus interface.
CAUTION
Installation at high altitude:
At altitudes above 2km, please contact Danfoss regarding
PELV.
2.9 Earth Leakage Current
WARNING
DISCHARGE TIME
Touching the electrical parts could be fatal - even after the
equipment has been disconnected from mains.
Also make sure that other voltage inputs have been
disconnected, such as load sharing (linkage of DC
intermediate circuit), as well as the motor connection for
kinetic back-up.
Before touching any electrical parts, wait at least the
amount of time indicated in the Safety Precautions section.
Shorter time is allowed only if indicated on the nameplate
for the specific unit.
The components that make up the electrical isolation, as
described below, also comply with the requirements for
34
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
NOTE
Leakage Current
The earth leakage current from the frequency converter
exceeds 3.5mA. To ensure that the earth cable has a good
mechanical connection to the earth connection, the cable
cross section must be at least 10mm2 or 2 rated earth
wires terminated separately.
Residual Current Device
This product can cause a DC current in the protective
conductor. Where a residual current device (RCD) is used
for protection in case of direct or indirect contact, only an
RCD of Type B is allowed on the supply side of this
product. Otherwise, another protective measure shall be
applied, such as separation from the environment by
double or reinforced insulation, or isolation from the
supply system by a transformer. See also Application Note
Protection against Electrical Hazards MN.90.G2.02.
Protective earthing of the frequency converter and the use
of RCDs must always follow national and local regulations.
The control unit may attempt to correct the ramp if
possible (2-17 Over-voltage Control.)
The inverter turns off to protect the transistors and the
intermediate circuit capacitors when a certain voltage level
is reached.
Mains Drop-out
During a mains drop-out, the frequency converter keeps
running until the intermediate circuit voltage drops below
the minimum stop level, which is typically 15% below the
frequency converter's lowest rated supply voltage. The
mains voltage before the drop-out and the motor load
determines how long it takes for the inverter to coast.
2.10.1 Motor Thermal Protection
This is the way Danfoss protects the motor from being
overheated. It is an electronic feature that simulates a
bimetal relay based on internal measurements. The characteristic is shown in the following figure.
2.10 Extreme Running Conditions
Switching on the Output
Switching on the output between the motor and the
frequency converter is fully permitted. The frequency
converter will not be damaged in any way by switching on
the output. However, fault messages may appear.
Motor-generated Over-voltage
The voltage in the intermediate circuit is increased when
the motor acts as a generator. This occurs in following
cases:
1.
The load drives the motor (at constant output
frequency from the frequency converter), ie. the
load generates energy.
2.
During deceleration ("ramp-down") if the moment
of inertia is high, the friction is low and the rampdown time is too short for the energy to be
dissipated as a loss in the frequency converter,
the motor and the installation.
3.
Incorrect slip compensation setting (1-62 Slip
Compensation) may cause higher DC link voltage.
t [s]
175ZA052.12
Short Circuit (Motor Phase – Phase)
The frequency converter is protected against short circuits
by means of current measurement in each of the three
motor phases or in the DC link. A short circuit between
two output phases will cause an overcurrent in the
inverter. The inverter will be turned off individually when
the short circuit current exceeds the permitted value
(Alarm 16 Trip Lock).
To protect the frequency converter against a short circuit
at the load sharing and brake outputs please see the
design guidelines.
See certificate in the Certificates section.
2000
1000
600
500
400
300
200
100
60
50
40
30
20
10
fOUT = 1 x f M,N(par. 1-23)
fOUT = 2 x f M,N
fOUT = 0.2 x f M,N
1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0
IM
IM,N(par. 1-24)
The X-axis is showing the ratio between Imotor and Imotor
nominal. The Y-axis is showing the time in seconds before
the ETR cuts off and trips the drive. The curves are
showing the characteristic nominal speed at twice the
nominal speed and at 0.2x the nominal speed.
It is clear that at lower speed the ETR cuts of at lower heat
due to less cooling of the motor. In that way the motor
are protected from being over heated even at low speed.
The ETR feature is calculating the motor temperature
based on actual current and speed.
The thermistor cut-out value is > 3kΩ.
Integrate a thermistor (PTC sensor) in the motor for
winding protection.
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35
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
175HA183.10
Motor protection can be implemented using a range of
techniques: PTC sensor in motor windings; mechanical
thermal switch (Klixon type); or Electronic Thermal Relay
(ETR).
R
(Ω)
Using an analog input and 10V as power supply:
Example: The frequency converter trips when the motor
temperature is too high.
Parameter set-up:
Set 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection to Thermistor Trip [2]
Set 1-93 Thermistor Source to Analog Input 54 [2]
NOTE
Do not set Analog Input 54 as reference source.
3000
OFF
130BB897.10
4000
BUS TER.
ON
1330
10V/20mA IN
10V/20mA IN
0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
10V OUT
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
N
18 19 27 29 42 45 50 53 54
P
250
61 68 69
COMM. GND
550
0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
12 20 55
 nominel -5°C
 nominel
-20°C
BUS TER.
ON
OFF
ON
<3.0 k Ω
10V/20mA IN
10V/20mA IN
10V OUT
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
COMM. GND
N
18 19 27 29 42 45 50 53 54
P
61 68 69
0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
12 20 55
+24V
COM A IN
ON
>2.9 kΩ
>2.9k Ω
R
Input
Digital/analog
Supply Voltage
Volt
Threshold
Cut-out Values
Digital
10V
< 800Ω - > 2.9kΩ
Analog
10V
< 800Ω - > 2.9kΩ
NOTE
Check that the chosen supply voltage follows the specification of the used thermistor element.
COM DIG IN
OFF
<800 Ω
COM DIG IN
 nominel +5°C
Using a digital input and 10V as power supply:
Example: The frequency converter trips when the motor
temperature is too high.
Parameter set-up:
Set 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection to Thermistor Trip [2]
Set 1-93 Thermistor Source to Digital Input 29 [6]
OFF
COM A IN
+24V
 [°C]
130BB898.10
2 2
Introduction to VLT HVAC Ba...
R
Summary
With the ETR the motor is protected for being over heated
and there is no need for any further motor protection.
That means when the motor is heated up the ETR timer
controls for how long time the motor can be running at
the high temperature before it is stopped in order to
prevent over heating. If the motor is overloaded without
reaching the temperature where the ETR shuts of the
motor.
ETR is activated in 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection.
36
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Select...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
130BB776.10
3 VLT HVAC Basic Drive Selection
62.5 +
_ 0.2
3.1 Options and Accessories
Description
132B0200
LCP for all IP20 units
.5
R1
For LCP instructions, please see Design guide 6.2 or Quick
guide 1.4.1.
+_ 0
.5
Ordering no.
86 +
_ 0.2
3.1.1 Local Control Panel (LCP)
Panel cut out
Panel Thickness: 1~3mm
Panel
Technical data
Gasket
Enclosure
IP55 front
Max. cable length to unit
10ft (3m)
Communication std.
RS-485
LCP
Main
Menu Status Quick
Menu Menu
3.1.2 Mounting of LCP in Panel Front
On
Hand
On
130BB775.10
OK
On
Auto
On
Hand
On
Auto
On
Step 3
Place bracket on back of the LCP, then slide down.
Tighten screws and connect cable female side to LCP.
OK
Warn
Alarm
Off
Reset
Off
Reset
Off
Reset
130BB777.10
Warn
Alarm
Hand
On
B ac k
On
Main
Menu Status Quick
Menu Menu
Com
B ac k
Com
OK
Warn
Alarm
Step 1
Fit gasket on LCP.
Main
Menu Status Quick
Menu Menu
Back
Com
Auto
On
Step 2
Place LCP on panel, see dimensions of hole on illustration.
Step 4
Connect cable to frequency converter.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
37
3 3
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
130BB778.10
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Select...
3 3
VLT
NOTE
Use the provided thread cutting screws to fasten
connector to the frequency converter, Tightening torque
1.3Nm.
38
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Select...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
3.1.3 IP21/TYPE 1 Enclosure Kit
IP21/TYPE 1 is an optional enclosure element available for IP20 units.
If the enclosure kit is used, an IP20 unit is upgraded to comply with enclosure IP21/TYPE 1.
3 3
H6-H8
Frame
IP class
130BB903.10
130BB902.10
H1-H5
Power
3x200-240V
3x380-480V
3x525-600V
Height (mm) Width (mm) Depth (mm)
IP21 kit
Type 1 kit
A
B
C
ordering no. ordering no.
H1
IP20
0.25-1.5kW/
0.33-2Hp
0.37-1.5kW/
0.5-2Hp
293
81
173
132B0212
132B0222
H2
IP20
2.2kW/ 3Hp
2.2-4kW/
3-5.4Hp
322
96
195
132B0213
132B0223
H3
IP20
3.7kW/ 5Hp
5.5-7.5 kW/
7.5-10 Hp
346
106
210
132B0214
132B0224
H4
IP20
5.5-7,5kW/
7.5-10Hp
11-15kW/
15-20Hp
374
141
245
132B0215
132B0225
H5
IP20
11kW/ 15Hp
18.5-22kW/
25-30Hp
418
161
260
132B0216
132B0226
H6
IP20
15-18.5kW/
20-25Hp
30-45kW/
40-60Hp
22-30kW/
30-40Hp
663
260
242
132B0217
132B0217
H7
IP20
22-30kW/
30-40Hp
55-75kW/
100-120Hp
45-55kW/
60-100Hp
807
329
335
132B0218
132B0218
H8
IP20
37-45kW/
50-60Hp
90kW/
125Hp
75-90kW/
120-125Hp
943
390
335
132B0219
132B0219
H9
IP20
2.2-7.5kW/
3-10Hp
372
130
205
132B0220
132B0220
H10
IP20
11-15kW/
15-20Hp
475
165
249
132B0221
132B0221
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
39
3 3
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Select...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
130BB793.10
3.1.4 Decoupling Plate
Use the decoupling plate for EMC correct installation.
Shown here on a H3 enclosure.
99
99
Power
Frame
IP class
3x200-240V
3x380-480V
Decoupling plate
3x525-600V
H1
IP20
0.25-1.5kW/ 0.33-2Hp
0.37-1.5kW/ 0.5-2Hp
H2
IP20
2.2kW/ 3Hp
2.2-4kW/ 3-5.4Hp
132B0202
132B0202
H3
IP20
3.7kW/ 5Hp
5.5-7.5kW/ 7.5-10Hp
132B0204
H4
IP20
5.5-7,5kW/7.5-10Hp
11-15kW/15-20Hp
132B0205
H5
IP20
11kW/15Hp
18.5-22kW/25-30Hp
H6
IP20
15-18.5kW/20-25Hp
30kW/40Hp
H6
IP20
H7
IP20
H7
IP20
H8
IP20
130B0205
22-30kW/30-40Hp
37-45kW/50-60Hp
22-30kW/30-40Hp
55kW/75Hp
132B0242
45-55kW/60-100Hp
75kW/100Hp
37-45kW/50-60Hp
90kW/125Hp
132B0208
132B0243
75-90kW/120-125Hp
Note: For H9, H10 Drive, the decoupling plates are included in accessory bag.
40
132B0207
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
132B0209
How to Order
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
4 How to Order
4.1.1 Drive Configurator
It is possible to design a frequency converter according to the application requirements by using the ordering number
system.
4 4
Frequency converters can be ordered as standard or with internal options by using a type code string, i.e.
FC-101PK25T2E20H4XXCXXXSXXXXAXBXCXXXXDX
Use the Internet based Drive Configurator to configure the right frequency converter for the right application and generate
the type code string. The Drive Configurator will automatically generate an eight-digit sales number to be delivered to your
local sales office.
Furthermore, a project list with several products can be established and sent it Danfoss sales representative.
The Drive Configurator can be found on the global Internet site: www.danfoss.com/drives.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
41
4 4
How to Order
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
F
C
-
1
0
1
P
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
T
H
X
X
X
X
S
X
X
X
X
A
X
B
X
C
X
X
Description
Pos.
Possible choise
Product group & FC series
1-6
FC 101
Power rating
7-10
0.25-90kW (PK25-P90K)
Number of phases
11
Three phases (T)
Mains voltage
11-12
T2: 200-240V AC
T4: 380-480V AC
T6: 525-600V AC
Enclosure
13-15
E20: IP20/Chassis
P20: IP20/Chassis with back plate
E5A: IP54
P5A: IP54 with back plate
RFI filter
16-17
H1:
H2:
H3:
H4:
RFI
RFI
RFI
RFI
filter
filter
filter
filter
class
class
class
calss
X
X
18
X: No brake chopper included
Display
19
A: Alpha Numeric Local Control Panel
X: No Local Control Panel
Coating PCB
20
X: No coated PCB
C: Coated PCB
Mains option
21
X: No mains option
Adaption
22
X: No adaption
Adaption
23
X: No adaption
Software release
24-27
SXXXX: Latest release - std. software
Software language
28
X: Standard
A options
29-30
AX: No A options
B options
31-32
BX: No B options
C0 options MCO
33-34
CX: No C options
C1 options
35
X: No C1 options
C option software
36-37
XX: No options
D options
38-39
DX: No D0 options
42
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
X
A1/B
A2
A1/B (reduced cable length)
A1
Brake
Table 4.1 Type Code Descriptions
D
130BB899.10
4.1.2 Type Code String
132B0202
132B0213
132B0223
2.2kW/3Hp
2.2-4kW/
3-5.4Hp
0.25-1,5kW/
0.33-2Hp
0.37-1.5kW/
0.5-2Hp
132B0202
132B0212
132B0222
H2
H1
Table 4.2 Options and Accessories
Description
LCP
LCP panel
mounting kit IP55
incl. 3m cable
Decoupling plate
IP21 option
Nema Type 1 Kit
Enclosure
frame size
Mains voltage
T2 (200-240V
AC)
T4 (380-480
VAC)
T6
(525-600VAC)
132B0204
132B0214
132B0224
3.7kW/5Hp
5.5-7.5kW/
7.5-10Hp
H3
132B0205
132B0215
132B0225
5.5-7.5kW/
7.5-10Hp
11-15kW/
15-20Hp
H4
18.5kW/25Hp
37-45kW/
50-60Hp
30kW/40Hp
22kW/30Hp
H6
15kW/20Hp
30kW/
40Hp
132B0201
132B0205
132B0207
132B0242
132B0216
132B0217
132B0226
132B0217
132B0200
11kW/15Hp
18.5-22/
25-30Hp
H5
55kW/100Hp
30kW/40Hp
75kW/
100Hp
132B0208
132B0243
132B0218
132B0218
45kW/60Hp
22kW/30Hp
55kW/
75Hp
H7
132B0209
132B0219
132B0219
37-45kW/
50-60Hp
90kW/
125Hp
75-90kW/
120-125Hp
H8
How to Order
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
4.2.1 Ordering Numbers: Options and Accessories
4 4
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
43
4 4
How to Order
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
4.2.2 Harmonic Filters
3 x 380 - 480Volt 50Hz
3 x 440 - 480Volt 60Hz
Power
[kW]
Drive input
current
Continuous
Default
switching
frequency
THID
level
Order
number
filter IP00
Code
number
filter IP20
Power
[kW]
Drive input
current
Continuous
Default
switching
frequency
THID
level
Order
number
filter IP00
Code
number
filter IP20
22 kW
41.5 A
4 kHz
3.7%
130B1397
130B1239
22 kW
34.6 A
4 kHz
3.5%
130B1792
130B1757
30 kW
57 A
4 kHz
2.9%
130B1398
130B1240
30 kW
49 A
4 kHz
3.2%
130B1793
130B1758
37 kW
70 A
4 kHz
3.4%
130B1442
130B1247
37 kW
61 A
4 kHz
3.5%
130B1794
130B1759
45 kW
84 A
3 kHz
3.1%
130B1442
130B1247
45 kW
73 A
3 kHz
3.7%
130B1795
130B1760
55 kW
103 A
3 kHz
5.5%
130B1444
130B1249
55 kW
89 A
3 kHz
3.6%
130B1796
130B1761
75 kW
140 A
3 kHz
3.9%
130B1445
130B1250
75 kW
121 A
3 kHz
5.5%
130B1797
130B1762
90 kW
176 A
3 kHz
3.9%
130B1445
130B1250
90 kW
143 A
3 kHz
4.8%
130B1798
130B1763
Table 4.3 AHF Filters (5% current distortion)
Table 4.5 AHF Filters (5% current distortion)
3 x 380 - 480Volt 50Hz
Power
[kW]
Drive input
current
Continuous
22 kW
30 kW
3 x 440 - 480Volt 60Hz
Default
switching
frequency
THID
level
41.5 A
4 kHz
57 A
4 kHz
37 kW
70 A
45 kW
84 A
55 kW
Order
number
filter IP00
Code
number
filter IP20
Power
[kW]
Drive input
current
Continuous
6.2%
130B1274 130B1111
22 kW
6.4%
130B1275 130B1176
30 kW
4 kHz
9.5%
130B1291 130B1201
3 kHz
9.3%
130B1291 130B1201
103 A
3 kHz
75 kW
140 A
90 kW
176 A
Default
switching
frequency
THID
level
34.6 A
4 kHz
6.5%
130B1775 130B1487
49 A
4 kHz
7.6%
130B1776 130B1488
37 kW
61 A
4 kHz
7.5%
130B1777 130B1491
45 kW
73 A
3 kHz
8.8%
130B1778 130B1492
11.5% 130B1293 130B1207
55 kW
89 A
3 kHz
8.5%
130B1779 130B1493
3 kHz
8.3%
130B1294 130B1213
75 kW
121 A
3 kHz
12.5% 130B1780 130B1494
3 kHz
8.3%
130B1294 130B1213
90 kW
143 A
3 kHz
10.2% 130B1781 130B1495
Table 4.4 AHF Filters (10% current distortion)
Order
number
filter IP00
Code
number
filter IP20
Table 4.6 AHF Filters (10% current distortion)
4.2.3 External RFI Filter
External filters to fulfil A1 50 meters / B1 20 meters
L1 Torque [Nm] Weight
Ordering Number
0.37-2.2kW
Power Size 380-480V
FN3258-7-45
190 40 70 160 180 20 4.5 1 10.6 M5 20
31 0.7 - 0.8Nm
0.5kg
132B0244
3-7.5kW
FN3258-16-45
250 45 70 220 235 25 4.5 1 10.6 M5 22.5 31 0.7 - 0.8Nm
0.8kg
132B0245
11-15kW
FN3258-30-47
270 50 85 240 255 30 5.4 1 10.6 M5 25
40 1.9 - 2.2Nm
1.2kg
132B0246
18.5-22kW
FN3258-42-47
310 50 85 280 295 30 5.4 1 10.6 M5 25
40 1.9 - 2.2Nm
1.4kg
132B0247
44
Type
A
B
C
D
E
F
G H
I
J
K
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
A
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
f
Table 5.1 Mechanical Front Views
Depth
Width
Height
Maximum weight
Shipping dimensions
d
Mounting holes
e
C
Depth
Width
B
Between mounting
holes
b
Heigth incl.
decoupling plate
Between mounting
holes
a
Enclosure
IP
Height
Enclosure frame size
Mains voltage
T2 (200240V AC)
T4 (380480V AC)
11mm/
0.43 inch
5.5mm/0.22
inch
7.4mm/
0.29 inch
3.4kg
300mm/
11.8inch
170mm/
6.7inch
260mm/10.2
inch
9mm/
0.35 inch
4.5mm/0.18
inch
5.3mm/
0.21 inch
2.1kg
255mm/
10.0inch
154mm/
6.1inch
235mm/9.3
inch
227/8.4 inch
195mm/7.7
inch
303/
11.9 inch
212/
8.3 inch
90/
3.5 inch
65/
2.6 inch
190mm/
7.5 inch
2.2kW/
3Hp
2.2-4kW/
3-5.4Hp
IP20
0.25-1,5kW/
0.33-2Hp
0.37-1.5kW/
0.5-2Hp
IP20
273mm/
10.7 inch
183mm/
7.2inch
75mm/
3 inch
56mm/
2.2 inch
168mm/
6.6 inch
H2
H1
380mm/
15.0inch
250mm/
9.8inch
7mm/0.28 inch
8.4mm/
0.33 inch
7.9kg
12.6mm/
0.50 inch
359mm/
14.1 inch
275mm/
10.8 inch
135mm/
5.3 inch
105mm/
4.1 inch
241mm/
9.5 inch
296mm/11.7 inch
5.5-7,5kW/
7.5-10Hp
11-15kW/
15-20Hp
IP20
H4
282mm/11.1 inch 375mm/14.8 inch
330mm/
13.0inch
188mm/
7.4inch
5.5mm/0.22 inch
8.1mm/
0.32 inch
4.5kg
11mm/
0.43 inch
329mm/
13inch
240mm/
9.4 inch
100mm/
3.9 inch
74mm/
2.9 inch
206mm/
8.1 inch
255mm/10 inch
3.7kW/
5Hp
5.5-7.5kW/
7.5-10Hp
IP20
H3
30-45kW/
40-60Hp
IP20
H6
90kW/
125Hp
IP20
55-75kW/
73-100Hp
IP20
375mm/14.8inch
420mm/
16.5inch
290mm/
11.4inch
7mm/0.28 inch
8.5mm/
0.33 inch
9.5kg
12.6mm/
0.50 inch
8.5mm
17mm
51kg
8.5mm
17mm
36kg
540mm/
21.3 inch
850mm/
33.5 inch
-
-
490mm/
19.3 inch
950mm/
37.4 inch
490mm/19.3
370mm/14.6 inch 410mm/16.1 inch
inch
460mm/
18.1 inch
850mm/
33.5 inch
15mm
24.5kg
8.5mm
-
800mm/
31.5 inch
631mm/
24.8 inch
375mm/
14.8 inch
330mm/
13 inch
335mm/
13.2 inch
660mm/26
inch
H8
H7
334mm/13.1 inch 518mm/20.4 inch 550mm/21.7 inch
595mm/
630mm/
23.4inch
24.8 inch
402mm/
635mm/
690mm/
15.8 inch
25inch(45kW)
27.2 inch (75kW)
314mm/
495mm/
521mm/
12.4 inch
19.5 inch
20.5 inch
150mm/
239mm/
313mm/
5.9 inch
31.5 inch
12.3 inch
120mm/
200mm/
270mm/
4.7 inch
7.9 inch
10.6 inch
255mm/
242mm/
335mm/
10 inch
9.5 inch
13.2 inch
11kW/
15Hp
18.5-22/
25-30Hp
IP20
H5
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
5 How to Install
5 5
45
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Power
[kW]
Enclosure
Height
[mm]
Width
[mm]
Depth
[mm]
Mounting hole
[mm]
Max. weight
Frame
IP
class
3x200240V
3x380480V
3x525600V
A
A incl
Decoupling
plate
a
B
b
C
d
e
f
Kg
H6
20
15-18.5
30-45
22-30
518
595-635
495
239
200
242
-
8.5
15
24.5
H7
20
22-30
55-75
45-55
550
630-690
521
313
270
335
-
8.5
17
36
H8
20
37-45
90
75-90
660
800
631
375
330
335
-
8.5
17
51
H9
20
-
-
2.2-7.5
268
374
257
130
110
205
11
5.5
9.0
6.6
H10
20
-
-
11-15
399
419
380
165
140
248
12
6.8
7.9
12.0
I6
54
-
22-37
-
650
-
624
242
210
260
19
9.0
9.0
27.0
I7
54
-
45-55
-
680
-
648
308
272
310
19
9.0
9.8
45.0
I8
54
-
75-90
-
770
-
739
370
334
335
19
9.0
9.8
65.0
5 5
The above mentioned dimensions are only for the physical
units, but when installing in an application it is necessary
to add space for free air passage both above and below
the units. The amount of space for free air passage is listed
in the following table:
Enclosure
Clearance needed for free air passage [mm]
Frame IP class
Above unit
Below unit
H6
20
200
200
H7
20
200
200
H8
20
225
225
H9
20
100
100
H10
20
200
200
I6
54
200
200
I7
54
200
200
I8
54
225
225
5.1.1 Side-by-Side Installation
The frequency converter can be mounted side-by-side and requires the clearance above and below for cooling.
Power
Clearance above/
below (mm/inch)
Frame
IP class
3x200-240V
3 x 380-480V
H1
IP20
0.25-1.5kW/0.33-2Hp
0.37-1.5kW/0.5-2Hp
3 x 525-600V
100/4
H2
IP20
2.2kW/3Hp
2.2-4kW/3-5.4Hp
100/4
H3
IP20
3.7kW/5Hp
5.5-7.5 kW/7.5-10 Hp
100/4
H4
IP20
5.5-7.5kW/7.5-10Hp
11-15kW/15-20Hp
100/4
H5
IP20
11kW/15 Hp
18.5-22kW/25-30Hp
H6
IP20
15-18.5Kw/20-25Hp
30-45kW/40-60Hp
H7
IP20
22-30kW/30-40Hp
H8
IP20
37-45kW/50-60Hp
H9
IP20
2.2-7.5kW/3-10Hp
100/4
H10
IP20
11-15kW/15-20Hp
200/7.9
100/4
22-30kW/30-40Hp
200/7.9
55-75kW/100-120Hp
45-55kW/60-100Hp
200/7.9
90kW/125Hp
75-90kW/120-125Hp
225/8.9
NOTE
With IP21/Nema Type1 option kit mounted, a distance of 50mm between the units is required.
46
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
5.1.2 Field Mounting
IP21/TYPE 1 kits are recommended.
5.2 Electrical Data
3 Phase
power
input
L1
L2
L3
130BB626.10
5.2.1 Electrical Overview
U
V
W
PE
PE
Motor
UDC-
Not present on all power sizes
UDC+
+10Vdc
50 (+10V OUT)
0-10Vdc0/4-20 mA
53 (A IN)
0-10Vdc0/4-20 mA
54 (A IN)
relay2
06
05
04
55 (COM A IN/OUT)
42 0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
relay1
03
45 0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
02
20 (COM D IN)
ON=Terminated
OFF=Unterminated
24V (NPN)
OV (PNP)
24V (NPN)
OV (PNP)
Bus ter.
27 (DIGI IN)
29 (DIGI IN)
ON
1 2
18 (DIGI IN)
240V AC 3A
01
Bus ter.
12 (+24V OUT)
19 (DIGI IN)
240V AC 3A
24V (NPN)
OV (PNP)
24V (NPN)
OV (PNP)
RS-485
Interface
(N PS-485) 69
RS-485
(P RS-485) 68
(Com RS-485 ) 61
Do not connect shield to
61 on 116,117 and 118 unites
(PNP)-Source
(NPN)-Sink
NOTE
Please note there is no access to UDC- and UDC+ on the
following units:
IP20 380-480V 30-90kW
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
47
5 5
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
5.2.2 Electrical Installation in General
All cabling must comply with national and local regulations on cable cross-sections and ambient temperature. Copper
conductors required, (75°C) recommended.
Power (kW)
Torque (Nm)
Frame
IP class
3 x 200-240V
3 x 380-480
Line
Motor
DC
connection
Control
terminals
Earth
Relay
H1
IP20
0.25-1.5
0.37-1.5
1.4
0.8
0.8
0.5
3
0.5
H2
IP20
2.2
2.2-4
1.4
0.8
0.8
0.5
3
0.5
H3
IP20
3.7
5.5-7.5
1.4
0.8
0.8
0.5
3
0.5
H4
IP20
5.5-7.5
11-15
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.5
3
0.5
H5
IP20
11
18.5-22
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.5
3
0.5
H6
IP20
15-18
30-45
4.5
4.5
-
0.5
3
0.5
H7
IP20
22-30
55
10
10
-
0.5
3
0.5
H7
IP20
-
75
14
14
-
0.5
3
0.5
H8
IP20
37-45
90
242
242
-
0.5
3
0.5
5 5
Power (kW)
Torque (Nm)
Frame
IP class
3 x 380-480
Line
Motor
DC connection
Control
terminals
Earth
Relay
I6
IP54
22-37
4.5
4.5
-
0.5
3
0.6
I7
IP54
45-55
10
10
-
0.5
3
0.6
I8
IP54
75-90
14/241
14/241
-
0.5
3
0.6
Frame
IP class
3 x 525-600
Line
Motor
DC connection
Control
terminals
Earth
Relay
H9
IP20
2.2-7.5
1.8
1.8
not
recommended
0.5
3
0.6
H10
IP20
11-15
1.8
1.8
not
recommended
0.5
3
0.6
H6
IP20
22-30
4.5
4.5
-
0.5
3
0.5
H7
IP20
45-55
10
10
-
0.5
3
0.5
H8
IP20
75-90
14/241
14/241
-
0.5
3
0.5
Power (kW)
Torque (Nm)
Table 5.2 Details of Tightening Torques
1
Cable dimensions ≤ 95mm2
2
Cable dimensions > 95mm2
48
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
5.2.3 Connecting to Mains and Motor
IP20 200-240V 0.25-11kW and IP20 380-480V 0.37-22kW.
•
Use a shielded/armored motor cable to comply
with EMC emission specifications, and connect
this cable to both the decoupling plate and the
motor metal.
•
Keep motor cable as short as possible to reduce
the noise level and leakage currents.
•
For further details on mounting of the
decoupling plate, please see instruction MI.
02.QX.YY
•
130BB634.10
The frequency converter is designed to operate all
standard three-phased asynchronous motors. For
maximum cross-section on wires please see section Mains
Supply.
1
2
4
Motor
Also see EMC-Correct Installation in the Design
Guide, MG.18.CX.YY.
1.
Mount the earth wires to earth terminal.
2.
Connect motor to terminals U, V and W.
3.
Mount mains supply to terminals L1, L2 and L3
and tighten.
5 5
MAINS
U
2
V W
-DC+DC
3
1
Line
2
Earth
3
Motor
4
Relays
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
49
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
IP20 380-480V 30-45kW
03 02 01
5 5
91
L1
06 05 04
L1 91 / L2
130BB764.10
130BB762.10
IP20 380-480V 90kW
92
L1
93
L1
95
99
96
U
92 / L3 93
U 96 / V 97
97
V
98
w
/ W 98
95
99
1
4
2
1
3
2
4
3
1
Line
1
Line
2
Relays
2
Motor
3
Earth
3
Earth
4
Motor
4
Relays
5.2.4 Fuses
130BB763.10
IP20 380-480V 55-75kW
Branch circuit protection
In order to protect the installation against electrical and
fire hazard, all branch circuits in an installation, switch
gear, machines etc., must be short-circuit and overcurrent
protected according to national/international regulations.
Short circuit protection
Danfoss recommends using the fuses mentioned in the
following tables to protect service personnel or other
equipment in case of an internal failure in the unit or
short-circuit on DC-link. The frequency converter provides
full short circuit protection in case of a short-circuit on the
motor.
1
2
4
3
1
Line
2
Relays
3
Earth
4
Motor
50
Overcurrent protection
Provide overload protection to avoid overheating of the
cables in the installation. Overcurrent protection must
always be carried out according to national regulations.
Fuses must be designed for protection in a circuit capable
of supplying a maximum of 100,000Arms (symmetrical),
480V maximum.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Install
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Non UL compliance
If UL/cUL is not to be complied with, Danfoss recommends
using the fuses mentioned in the below table, which will
ensure compliance with IEC 61800-5-1:
In case of malfunction, not following the fuse recommendation may result in damage to the frequency converter.
5.2.5 EMC-Correct Electrical Installation
General points to be observed to ensure EMC-correct
electrical installation.
•
Non
UL
Bussmann Bussmann Bussmann Bussmann Max.
Fuse
Power Type RK5 Type RK1 Type J
Type T
Type
kW
gG
Use only screened/armoured motor cables and
screened/armoured control cables.
•
•
Connect the screen to earth at both ends.
3 x 200-240V
•
It is important to ensure good electrical contact
from the installation plate through the installation
screws to the metal cabinet of the frequency
converter.
•
Use starwashers and galvanically conductive
installation plates.
•
Do not use unscreened/unarmoured motor cables
in the installation cabinets.
UL
0.25
FRS-R-10
KTN-R10
JKS-10
JJN-10
10
0.37
FRS-R-10
KTN-R10
JKS-10
JJN-10
10
0.75
FRS-R-10
KTN-R10
JKS-10
JJN-10
10
1.5
FRS-R-10
KTN-R10
JKS-10
JJN-10
10
2.2
FRS-R-15
KTN-R15
JKS-15
JJN-15
16
3.7
FRS-R-25
KTN-R25
JKS-25
JJN-25
25
5.5
FRS-R-50
KTN-R50
JKS-50
JJN-50
50
7.5
FRS-R-50
KTN-R50
JKS-50
JJN-50
50
11
FRS-R-80
KTN-R80
JKS-80
JJN-80
65
Avoid installation with twisted screen ends
(pigtails), since this ruins the screening effect at
high frequencies. Use the cable clamps providedinstead.
5 5
3 x 380-480V
0.37
FRS-R-10
KTS-R10
JKS-10
JJS-10
10
0.75
FRS-R-10
KTS-R10
JKS-10
JJS-10
10
1.5
FRS-R-10
KTS-R10
JKS-10
JJS-10
10
2.2
FRS-R-15
KTS-R15
JKS-15
JJS-15
16
3
FRS-R-15
KTS-R15
JKS-15
JJS-15
16
4
FRS-R-15
KTS-R15
JKS-15
JJS-15
16
5.5
FRS-R-25
KTS-R25
JKS-25
JJS-25
25
7.5
FRS-R-25
KTS-R25
JKS-25
JJS-25
25
11
FRS-R-50
KTS-R50
JKS-50
JJS-50
50
15
FRS-R-50
KTS-R50
JKS-50
JJS-50
50
18.5
FRS-R-80
KTS-R80
JKS-80
JJS-80
65
22
FRS-R-80
KTS-R80
JKS-80
JJS-80
65
30
FRS-R-80
KTS-R80
JKS-R80
JJS-R80
80
37
FRS-R-100
KTS-R100
JKS-R100
JJS-R100
100
45
FRS-R-125
KTS-R125
JKS-R125
JJS-R125
125
55
FRS-R-150
KTS-R150
JKS-R150
JJS-R150
150
75
FRS-R-200
KTS-R200
JKS-R200
JJS-R200
200
90
FRS-R-250
KTS-R250
JKS-R250
JJS-R250
250
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
51
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
130BB761.10
How to Install
Panel
PLC etc.
5 5
Output contactor etc.
PLC
Earthing rail
Cable insulation stripped
Min. 16 mm2
Equalizing cable
All cable entries in
one side of panel
Control cables
Motor cable
Mains-supply
L1
Min. 200mm
between control
cable, mains cable
and between mains
motor cable
L2
L3
PE
Motor, 3 phases and
Reinforced protective earth
Protective earth
Illustration 5.1 EMC-correct Electrical Installation
For North America use metal conduits instead of shielded cables.
52
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
5.2.6 Control Terminals
130BB622.10
IP20 200-240V 0.25-11kW and IP20 380-480V 0.37-22kW:
Control terminals:
Illustration 5.3 shows all control terminals of the frequency
converter. Applying Start (term. 18), connection between
terminal 12-27 and an analog reference (term. 53 or 54
and 55) make the frequency converter run.
OFF
BUS TER.
ON
10V/20mA IN
0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
10V/20mA IN
10V OUT
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
DIGI IN
COMM. GND
N
18 19 27 29 42 45 50 53 54
P
61 68 69
130BB625.10
How to Install
0/4-20mA A OUT / DIG OUT
12 20 55
+24V
Illustration 5.2 Location of Control Terminals
GND
GND
Illustration 5.3 Control Terminals
1.
Place a screwdriver behind the terminal cover to
activate snap.
2.
Tilt the screwdriver outwards to open the cover.
130BB624.10
IP20 380-480V 30-90kW.
1.
Place a screwdriver behind the terminal cover to
activate snap.
2.
Tilt the screwdriver outwards to open the cover.
Digital input 18, 19 and 27 mode is set in 5-00 Digital Input
Mode (PNP is default value) and digital input 29 mode is
set in 5-03 Digital Input 29 Mode (PNP is default value).
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
53
5 5
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
6 How to Programme
A number of information can be read from the display.
6.1 Programming with MCT 10 Set-up
Software
1
The frequency converter can be programmed from a PC
via RS-485 COM port by installing the MCT 10 Set-up
Software. This software can either be ordered using code
number 130B1000 or downloaded from the Danfoss Web
site: http://www.danfoss.com/BusinessAreas/DrivesSolutions/Softwaredownload/ Please refer to manual MG.
10.RX.YY.
6.2 Local Control Panel (LCP)
The following instructions are valid for the FC 101 LCP. The
LCP is divided into four functional sections.
Parameter value.
3
Set-up number shows the active set-up and the edit setup. If the same set-up acts as both active and edit set-up,
only that set-up number is shown (factory setting). When
active and edit set-up differ, both numbers are shown in
the display (Setup 12). The number flashing, indicates the
edit set-up.
4
Motor direction is shown to the bottom left of the display
– indicated by a small arrow pointing either clockwise or
counterclockwise.
5
The triangle indicates if the LCP is in status, quick menu or
main menu.
A. Alphanumeric display
B. Menu key
C. Navigation keys and indicator lights (LEDs)
C. Navigation keys and indicator lights (LEDs)
130BB765.10
D. Operation keys and indicator lights (LEDs)
1
2
3
A
1-20 Motor Power
[2] 0.12kW-0.16HP
Setup 1
B
Status
4
6
Menu
5
Quick
Menu
Main
Menu
C
On
7
11
11
Alarm
9
D
Hand
On
13
Com led: Flashes when bus communication is communicating.
7
Green LED/On: Control section is working.
8
Yellow LED/Warn.: Indicates a warning.
9
Flashing Red LED/Alarm: Indicates an alarm.
10 [Back]: For moving to the previous step or layer in the
navigation structure
11 Arrows [▲] [▼]: For maneuvering between parameter groups,
12 [OK]: For selecting a parameter and for accepting changes to
parameter settings
12
OK
Warn
8
6
parameters and within parameters. Can also be used for
setting local reference.
Com
10
D. Operation keys and indicator lights (LEDs)
13
Off
Reset
14
[Hand on]: Starts the motor and enables control of the
frequency converter via the LCP.
NOTE
Auto
On
Please note that terminal 27 Digital Input
(5-12 Terminal 27 Digital Input) has coast inverse as
default setting. This means that [Hand On] will not
start the motor if there is no 24V to terminal 27, so
please connect terminal 12 to terminal 27.
15
A. Alpha Numeric Display
The LCD-display is back-lit with 2 alpha-numeric lines. All
data is displayed on the LCP.
54
Parameter number and name.
2
B. Menu Key
Use the menu key to select between status, quick menu or
main menu.
Back
6 6
How to Programme
14
[Off/Reset]: Stops the motor (off). If in alarm mode the
alarm will be reset.
15
[Auto on]: Frequency converter is controlled either via
control terminals or serial communication.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
At power-up
At the first power-up the user is asked to choose preferred
language. Once selected this screen will never be shown
again in the following powerups, but language can still be
changed in 0-01 Language.
130BB628.10
Select Language
[ 0 ] English
Setup 1
6.3.3 The FC 101 Start-up Wizard for Open
Loop Applications
The built in wizard menu guides the installer through the
set up of the frequency converter in a clear and structured
manner in order to setup an open loop application. A
open loop application is here an application with a start
signal, analog reference (voltage or current) and optionally
also relay signals (but no feed back signal from the process
applied).
6.3 Menus
Motor Frequency (Hz), par. 16-13;
•
•
Feedback, par. 16-52;
•
Motor Current (A), par. 16-14;
Motor Speed Reference in Percentage (%), par.
16-02;
Motor Power (kW) (if 0-03 Regional Settings is set
to [1] North America, Motor Power will be shown
in the unit of hp instead of kW), par. 16-10 for
kW, par. 16-11 for hp;
Custom Readout par. 16-09;
6.3.2 Quick Menu
Allows quick setup of the frequency converter. The most
common VLT HVAC Basic Drive functions can be
programmed here: The [Quick Menu] consists of:
•
•
•
•
+10V
A IN
A IN
COM
A OUT / D OUT
A OUT / D OUT
50
53
54
55
42
45
R1
•
•
•
DIG IN
18
19
DIG IN
COM DIG IN 20
27
DIG IN
29
DIG IN
01
02
03
R2
When choosing the [Status] menu it is possible to choose
between the following:
FC
12
04
05
06
130BB674.10
+24V
Start
+
-
6 6
Reference
0-10V
The wizard will initially be shown after power up until any
parameter has been changed. The wizard can always be
accessed again through the quick menu. Press [OK] to start
the wizard. If [BACK] is pressed, the FC 101 will return to
the status screen.
Press OK to start Wizard
Push Back to skip it
Setup 1
130BB629.10
6.3.1 Status
Wizard for open loop applications
Closed loop set-up wizard
Motor set-up
Changes made
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
55
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
At power up the user is
asked to choose the
prefered laguage.
- the HVAC FC 101 Wizard starts
Select Regional Settings
[0] Power kW/50 Hz
Setup 1
Grid Type
200-240V/50Hz/Delta
Setup 1
Select language
[1] English
Setup 1
Status Quick
Menu
Back
Menu
1
On
Main
Menu
OK
Warn
Alarm
Off
Reset
Hand
On
Auto
On
Power Up Screen
OK
6 6
The next screen will be
the Wizard screen.
Press OK to start Wizard
Press Back to skip it
Setup 1
2
Status Quick
Menu
Back
Menu
On
Main
Menu
OK
if
Off
Reset
Back
0.0 Hz
0.0 kW
Setup 1
3
Menu
Status Quick
Menu
Main
Menu
Set Motor Current
04.66 A
Setup 1
10
Set Motor Nominal Speed
1420 RPM
Setup 1
11
20
Set Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time
0003 s
Setup 1
21
Active Flying start?
[0] Disable
Setup 1
22
Select Terminal 53 Mode
[0] Current
Setup 1
Voltage
Set Terminal 53 Low Current
04.66A
Setup 1
Set Terminal 53 Low Voltage
0050 V
Setup 1
23
26
Set Terminal 53 High Current
13.30A
Setup 1
Set Terminal 53 High Voltage
0220 V
Setup 1
24
28
Set Maximum Reference
0050 Hz
Setup 1
Status Screen
29
Select Function of Relay 1
[0] No function
Setup 1
The Wizard can always be
30
Select Function Relay 2
[0] No function
Setup 1
Back
9
Set Ramp 1 Ramp Up Time
0003 s
Setup 1
Set Minimum Reference
0016 Hz
Setup 1
Warn
Alarm
Hand
On
Set Motor Frequency
0050 Hz
Setup 1
25
OK
Off
Reset
8
19
27
On
Set Motor Voltage
0050 V
Setup 1
Set Motor Speed High Limit
0050 Hz
Setup 1
Auto
On
Current
Asynchronous Motor
Set Motor Power
7
1.10 kW
Setup 1
18
Wizard Screen
if
5
Set Motor Speed Low Limit
0016 Hz
Setup 1
OK
Alarm
4
17
Warn
Hand
On
130BB993.10
How to Programme
Auto
On
reentered via the Quick Menu!
31
(Do not AMA)
Automatic Motor Adaption (AMA)
[1] Enable
Setup 1
Do AMA
56
35
Wizard completed
Press OK to accept
Setup 1
36
0.0 Hz
0.0 kW
Setup 1
34
Auto Motor Tuning OK
Press OK
Setup 1
32
AMA OK
AMA running
----Setup 1
33
AMA failed
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
AMA Failed
How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
The FC 101 Start-up Wizard for Open Loop Applications
No & Name
Range
Default
0-03 Regional Settings
[0] International
[1] US
0
0-06 Grid Type
0] 200-240V/50Hz/IT-grid
[1] 200-240V/50Hz/Delta
[2] 200-240V/50Hz
[10] 380-440V/50Hz/IT-grid
[11] 380-440V/50Hz/Delta
[12] 380-440V/50Hz
[20] 440-480V/50Hz/IT-grid
[21] 440-480V/50Hz/Delta
[22] 440-480V/50Hz
[30] 525-600V/50Hz/IT-grid
[31] 525-600V/50Hz/Delta
[32] 525-600V/50Hz
[100] 200-240V/60Hz/IT-grid
[101] 200-240V/60Hz/Delta
[102] 200-240V/60Hz
[110] 380-440V/60Hz/IT-grid
[111] 380-440V/60Hz/Delta
[112] 380-440V/60Hz
[120] 440-480V/60Hz/IT-grid
[121] 440-480V/60Hz/Delta
[122] 440-480V/60Hz
Size related
Function
Select operating mode for restart upon
reconnection of the drive to mains voltage after
power down
6 6
[130] 525-600V/60Hz/IT-grid
[131] 525-600V/60Hz/Delta
[132] 525-600V/60Hz
1-20 Motor Power
0.12-110kW/0.16-150hp
Size related
1-22 Motor Voltage
50.0 - 1000.0V
Size related
Enter motor power from nameplate data
Enter motor voltage from nameplate data
1-23 Motor Frequency
20.0 - 400.0Hz
Size related
Enter motor frequency from nameplate data
1-24 Motor Current
0.01 - 10000.00A
Size related
Enter motor current from nameplate data
1-25 Motor Nominal
Speed
100.0 - 9999.0 RPM
Size related
Enter motor nominal speed from nameplate data
4-12 Motor Speed Low
Limit [Hz]
0.0 - 400 Hz
0 Hz
Enter the minimum limit for low speed
4-14 Motor Speed High
Limit [Hz]
0.0 - 400 Hz
65 Hz
Enter the maximum limit for high speed
3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up
Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s
Size related
3-42 Ramp 1 Ramp
Down Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s
Size related
Ramp down time from rated 1-23 Motor Frequency
to 0
1-73 Flying Start
[0] Disabled
[1] Enabled
0
Select Enable to enable the frequency converter to
catch a spinning motor i.e. fan applications
6-19 Terminal 53 mode
[0] Current
[1] Voltage
1
Select if terminal 53 is used for current- or voltage
input
6-10 Terminal 53 Low
Voltage
0-10V
0.07V
Enter the voltage that corresponds to the low
reference value
6-11 Terminal 53 High
Voltage
0-10V
10V
Enter the voltage that corresponds to the high
reference value
6-12 Terminal 53 Low
Current
0-20mA
4
Enter the current that corresponds to the low
reference value
6-13 Terminal 53 High
Current
0-20mA
20
Enter the current that corresponds to the high
reference value
0
The minimum reference is the lowest value
obtainable by summing all references
Ramp up time from 0 to rated 1-23 Motor
Frequency
3-02 Minimum Reference -4999-4999
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
57
How to Programme
No & Name
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Range
3-03 Maximum Reference -4999-4999
Default
Function
50
The maximum reference is the lowest obtainable
by summing all references
5-40 Function Relay [0]
Function relay
See 5-40 Function Relay
Alarm
Select the function to control output relay 1
5-40 Function Relay [1]
Function relay
See 5-40 Function Relay
Drive running
Select the function to control output relay 2
1-29 Automatic Motor
Adaption (AMA)
See 1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption Off
Performing an AMA optimizes motor performance
(AMA)
6 6
58
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
1
0-03 Regional Settings
[0] International
2
0-01 Configuration Mode
[0] Open Loop
13
4-12 Motor speed low limit
0016 Hz
14
4-14 Motor speed high limit
0050 Hz
15
3-41 Ramp 1 ramp-up time
0003 s
17
3-42 Ramp1 ramp-down time
0003 s
18
1-73 Flying Start
[0] No
18a
3-02 Min Reference
[1] 0
21
3-03 Max Reference
[1] 50
22
3-10 Preset reference [0]
[1] 0
23
28
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
4 mA
29
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
0016 Hz
30
6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
20 mA
31
50
3
1-22 Motor Voltage
0050 V
4
1-23 Motor frequency
0050 Hz
5
1-24 Motor current
04.66 A
6
1-25 Motor nominal speed
1420 RPM
7
6 6
This dialog is forced to be set to
[2] Analog in 54
3-10 Preset reference is the set-point
Voltage
6-29 Terminal 54 Mode
[1] Voltage mode
32
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter time constant
0,01 s
33
20-81 PI Normal/Inverse Control
[0] Normal
34
20-83 PI Start Speed
0 Hz
35
20-93 PI Proportional Gain
0,01 s
36
20-94 PI Integral Time
9999 s
37
1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption
[1] Enable
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb. Value
1-20 Motor Power
1.10 kW
20-00 Feedback1 source
[2] Analog in 54
20
Current
Asynchronous Motor
130BB631.11
Closed Loop Set-up Wizard
6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage
0,07 V
24
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
0 Hz
25
6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage
10 V
26
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb. Value
0050 Hz
27
Please note that Terminal 27 Digital Input (par. 5-12)
has coast inverse as default setting. This means that
AMA can not be performed if there is no 24V to terminal
27 so please connect terminal 12 to terminal 27.
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59
6 6
How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Closed Loop Set-up Wizard
No & Name
Range
Default
0-03 Regional Settings
[0] International
[1] US
0
1-00 Configuration Mode
[0] Open loop
[3] Closed loop
0
Function
Change this parameter to Closed loop
1-20 Motor Power
0.09-110kW
Size related Enter motor power from nameplate data
1-22 Motor Voltage
50.0 - 1000.0V
Size related Enter motor voltage from nameplate data
1-23 Motor Frequency
20.0 - 400.0Hz
Size related Enter motor frequency from nameplate data
1-24 Motor Current
0.01 - 10000.00A
Size related Enter motor current from nameplate data
1-25 Motor Nominal Speed
100.0 - 9999.0RPM Size related Enter motor nominal speed from nameplate data
4-12 Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz] 0.0 - Hz
0.0 Hz
4-14 Motor Speed High Limit
[Hz]
65Hz
0-Hz
Enter the minimum limit for low speed
3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s
3
Ramp up time from 0 to rated 1-23 Motor Frequency
3-42 Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s
3
Ramp down time form rated 1-23 Motor Frequency to 0
1-73 Flying Start
[0] Disabled
[1] Enabled
0
Select Enable to enable the frequency converter to catch a spinning
motor. I.e. fan applications
3-02 Minimum Reference
-4999-4999
0
The minimum reference is the lowest value obtainable by summing all
references
3-03 Maximum Reference
-4999-4999
50
The maximum reference is the highest value obtainable by summing
all references
3-10 Preset Reference
-100-100%
0
Enter the set point
6-29 Terminal 54 mode
[0] Current
[1] Voltage
1
Select if terminal 54 is used for current- or voltage input
6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage
0-10V
0.07V
Enter the voltage that corresponds to the low reference value
6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage
0-10V
10V
Enter the voltage that corresponds to the low high reference value
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
0-20mA
4
Enter the current that corresponds to the high reference value
6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
0-20mA
20
Enter the current that corresponds to the high reference value
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./
Feedb. Value
-4999-4999
0
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./
Feedb. Value
-4999-4999
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter Time
Constant
0-10 s
Enter the feedback value that corresponds to the voltage or current
set in 6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage/6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
50
Enter the feedback value that corresponds to the voltage or current
set in 6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage/6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
0.01
Enter the filter time comstant
Select Normal [0] to set the process control to increase the output
20-81 PI Normal/ Inverse Control [0] Normal
[1] Inverse
0
20-83 PI Start Speed [Hz]
0-200Hz
0
Enter the motor speed to be attained as a start signal for
commencement of PI control
20-93 PI Proportional Gain
0-10
0.01
Enter the process controller proportional gain. Quick control is
obtained at high amplification. However if amplification is too great,
the process may become unstable
20-94 PI Integral Time
0.1-999.0 sec.
999.0 sec.
Enter the process controller integral time. Obtain quick control through
a short integral time, though if the integral time is too short, the
process becomes unstable. An excessively long integral time disables
the integral action.
Off
Performing an AMA optimizes motor performance
1-29 Automatic Motor Adaption
(AMA)
60
speed when the process error is positive. Select Inverse [1] to reduce
the output speed.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Motor Set-up
The Quick Menu Motor Set-up guides through the needed
motor parameters.
No & Name
Range
Default
Function
0-03 Regional
Settings
[0] International
[1] US
0
1-20 Motor
Powerr
0.12-110kW/
0.16-150hp
Size related
Enter motor
power from
nameplate data
1-22 Motor
Voltage
50.0 - 1000.0V
Size related
Enter motor
voltage from
nameplate data
1-23 Motor
Frequency
20.0 - 400.0Hz
Size related
Enter motor
frequency from
nameplate data
1-24 Motor
Current
0.01 10000.00A
Size related
Enter motor
current from
nameplate data
1-25 Motor
Nominal
Speed
100.0 - 9999.0
RPM
Size related
4-12 Motor
Speed Low
Limit [Hz]
0.0 - 400Hz
4-14 Motor
Speed High
Limit [Hz]
0.0 - 400HZ
0.0Hz
Enter motor
nominal speed
from nameplate
data
Enter the
minimum limit
for low speed
65
Enter the
maximum limit
for high speed
3-41 Ramp 1 0.05 - 3600.0 s Size related
Ramp up Time
Ramp up time
from 0 to rated
1-23 Motor
Frequency
3-42 Ramp 1
Ramp Down
Time
0.05 - 3600.0 s Size related
1-73 Flying
Start
[0] Disabled
[1] Enabled
Ramp down time
from rated
1-23 Motor
Frequency to 0
0
Select Enable to
enable the
frequency
converter to
catch a spinning
motor
Changes Made
Changes Made lists all parameters changed since factory
setting. Only the changed parameters in current edit-setup
are listed in changes made.
If the parameter's value is changed back to factory
setting's value from another different value, the parameter
will NOT be listed in Changes Made.
1.
Press [MENU] key to enter the Quick Menu until
indicator in display is placed above Quick Menu.
2.
Press [▲] [▼] to select either FC 101 wizard,
closed loop setup, motor setup or changes made,
then press [OK].
3.
Press [▲] [▼] to browse through the parameters
in the Quick Menu.
4.
Press [OK] to select a parameter.
5.
Press [▲] [▼] to change the value of a parameter
setting.
6.
Press [OK] to accept the change.
7.
Press either [Back] twice to enter “Status”, or
press [Menu] once to enter “Main Menu”.
6 6
6.3.4 Main Menu
[Main Menu] is used for programming all parameters. The
Main Menu parameters can be accessed immediately
unless a password has been created via 0-60 Main Menu
Password. For the majority of VLT HVAC Basic Drive
applications it is not necessary to access the Main Menu
parameters but instead the Quick Menu provides the
simplest and quickest access to the typical required
parameters.
The Main Menu accesses all parameters.
1.
Press [MENU] key until indicator in display is
placed above “Main Menu”.
2.
Use [▲] [▼] to browse through the parameter
groups.
3.
Press [OK] to select a parameter group.
4.
Use [▲] [▼] to browse through the parameters in
the specific group.
5.
Press [OK] to select the parameter.
6.
Use [▲] [▼] to set/change the parameter value.
[BACK] is used to go one level back.
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How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
6.4 Quick Transfer of Parameter Settings
between Multiple Frequency Converters
6.6 Initialise the Frequency Converter to
Default Settings in two Ways
Once the set-up of a frequency converter is complete,
Danfoss recommends that you store the data in the LCP or
on a PC via MCT 10 Set-up Software tool.
Recommended initialisation (via 14-22 Operation Mode)
Data storage in LCP.
6 6
1.
Go to 0-50 LCP Copy
2.
Press the [OK] key
3.
Select “All to LCP”
4.
Press the [OK] key
WARNING
1.
Select 14-22 Operation Mode.
2.
Press [OK].
3.
Select Initialisation and Press [OK].
4.
Cut off the mains supply and wait until the
display turns off.
5.
Reconnect the mains supply - the frequency
converter is now reset. Except the following
parameters.
8-30 Protocol
Stop the motor before performing this operation.
You can now connect the LCP to another frequency
converter and copy the parameter settings to this
frequency converter as well.
8-31 Address
8-32 Baud Rate
8-33 Parity / Stop Bits
8-35 Minimum Response Delay
8-36 Maximum Response Delay
Data transfer from LCP to frequency converter:
1.
Go to 0-50 LCP Copy
2.
Press the [OK] key
3.
Select “All from LCP”
4.
Press the [OK] key
8-37 Maximum Inter-char delay
8-70 BACnet Device Instance
8-72 MS/TP Max Masters
8-73 MS/TP Max Info Frames
8-74 "I am" Service
8-75 Intialisation Password
NOTE
Stop the motor before performing this operation.
15-00 Operating Hours to 15-05 Over Volt's
15-03 Power Up's
6.5 Read-out and Programming of Indexed
Parameters
15-04 Over Temp's
Use 3-10 Preset Reference as an example.
Choose the parameter, press [OK], and use the up/down
navigation keys to scroll through the indexed values. To
change the parameter value, select the indexed value and
press [OK]. Change the value by using the up/down keys.
Press [OK] to accept the new setting. Press [CANCEL] to
abort. Press [Back] to leave the parameter.
15-30 Alarm Log: Error Code
62
15-05 Over Volt's
15-4* Drive identification parameters
1-06 Clockwise Direction
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
How to Programme
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Two finger initialization:
1.
Power off the frequency converter.
2.
Press [OK] and [MENU].
3.
Power up the frequency converter while still
pressing the keys above for 10 sec.
4.
The frequency converter is now reset, except the
following parameters:
15-00 Operating Hours
15-03 Power Up's
15-04 Over Temp's
15-05 Over Volt's
15-4* Drive identification parameters
6 6
Initialisation of parameters is confirmed by AL80 in the
display after the power cycle.
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63
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
7 RS-485 Installation and Set-up
7.1.2 Frequency Converter Hardware Setup
Use the terminator dip switch on the main control board
of the frequency converter to terminate the RS-485 bus.
130BB966.10
RS-485 is a two-wire bus interface compatible with multidrop network topology, i.e. nodes can be connected as a
bus, or via drop cables from a common trunk line. A total
of 32 nodes can be connected to one network segment.
Repeaters divide network segments. Please note that each
repeater functions as a node within the segment in which
it is installed. Each node connected within a given network
must have a unique node address, across all segments.
Terminate each segment at both ends, using either the
termination switch (S801) of the frequency converters or a
biased termination resistor network. Always use screened
twisted pair (STP) cable for bus cabling, and always follow
good common installation practice.
Low-impedance earth connection of the screen at every
node is important, including at high frequencies. Thus,
connect a large surface of the screen to earth, for example
with a cable clamp or a conductive cable gland. It may be
necessary to apply potential-equalizing cables to maintain
the same earth potential throughout the network. Particularly in installations with long cables.
To prevent impedance mismatch, always use the same
type of cable throughout the entire network. When
connecting a motor to the frequency converter, always use
screened motor cable.
Cable: Screened twisted pair (STP)
Impedance: 120Ω
Cable length: Max. 1200m (including drop lines)
Max. 500m station-to-station
Illustration 7.1 Terminator Switch Factory Setting
7.1.1 Network Connection
Connect the frequency converter to the RS-485 network
as follows (see also diagram):
1.
Connect signal wires to terminal 68 (P+) and
terminal 69 (N-) on the main control board of the
frequency converter.
2.
The factory setting for the dip switch is OFF.
Connect the cable screen to the cable clamps.
NOTE
Screened, twisted-pair cables are recommended in order to
reduce noise between conductors.
61 68 69
N
P
COMM. GND
64
130BB795.10
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RS-485 Installation and Set...
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
RS-485 Installation and Set...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
7.1.3 Frequency Converter Parameter
Settings for Modbus Communication
The following parameters apply to the RS-485 interface
(FC-port):
Parameter
Function
8-30 Protocol
Select the application protocol to run on
the RS-485 interface
8-31 Address
Set the node address. Note: The address
range depends on the protocol selected in
8-30 Protocol
8-32 Baud Rate
Set the baud rate. Note: The default baud
rate depends on the protocol selected in
8-30 Protocol
8-33 Parity / Stop
Bits
Set the parity and number of stop bits.
Note: The default selection depends on the
protocol selected in 8-30 Protocol
8-35 Minimum
Response Delay
Specify a minimum delay time between
receiving a request and transmitting a
response. This function is for overcoming
modem turnaround delays.
8-36 Maximum
Response Delay
Specify a maximum delay time between
transmitting a request and receiving a
response.
8-37 Maximum
Inter-char delay
If transmission is interrupted, specify a
maximum delay time between two received
bytes to ensure time-out.
7.2 FC Protocol Overview
The FC protocol, also referred to as FC bus or Standard
bus, is the Danfoss standard fieldbus. It defines an access
technique according to the master-slave principle for
communications via a serial bus.
One master and a maximum of 126 slaves can be
connected to the bus. The master selects the individual
slaves via an address character in the telegram. A slave
itself can never transmit without first being requested to
do so, and direct message transfer between the individual
slaves is not possible. Communications occur in the halfduplex mode.
The master function cannot be transferred to another node
(single-master system).
The physical layer is RS-485, thus utilizing the RS-485 port
built into the frequency converter. The FC protocol
supports different telegram formats:
•
•
•
A short format of 8 bytes for process data.
A long format of 16 bytes that also includes a
parameter channel.
A format used for texts.
7.2.1 FC with Modbus RTU
7.1.4 EMC Precautions
The FC protocol provides access to the Control Word and
Bus Reference of the frequency converter.
To achieve interference-free operation of the RS-485
network, Danfoss recommends the following EMC
precautions.
The Control Word allows the Modbus master to control
several important functions of the frequency converter.
Relevant national and local regulations, for example
regarding protective earth connection, must be observed.
To avoid coupling of high frequency noise between the
cables, the RS-485 communication cable must be kept
away from motor and brake resistor cables. Normally a
distance of 200mm (8 inches) is sufficient, but Danfoss
recommends keeping the greatest possible distance
between the cables. Especially where cables run in parallel
over long distances. When crossing is unavoidable, the
RS-485 cable must cross motor and brake resistor cables at
an angle of 90°.
•
•
Start
Stop of the frequency converter in various ways:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Coast stop
Quick stop
DC Brake stop
Normal (ramp) stop
Reset after a fault trip
Run at various preset speeds
Run in reverse
Change of the active set-up
Control of the 2 relays built into the frequency
converter
The Bus Reference is commonly used for speed control. It
is also possible to access the parameters, read their values,
and where possible, write values to them. This permits a
range of control options, including controlling the setpoint
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65
7 7
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
A stop bit completes a character, thus consisting of 11 bits
in all.
7.3 Network Configuration
7.3.1 Frequency Converter Set-up
Set the following parameters to enable the FC protocol for
the frequency converter.
Parameter
Setting
8-30 Protocol
FC
8-31 Address
1 - 126
8-32 Baud Rate
2400 - 115200
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Even Stop
Parity bit
195NA036.10
of the frequency converter when its internal PI controller is
used.
7.4.2 Telegram Structure
Each telegram has the following structure:
8-33 Parity / Stop Even parity, 1 stop bit (default)
Bits
1.
Start character (STX)=02 Hex
2.
A byte denoting the telegram length (LGE)
3.
A byte denoting the frequency converter address
(ADR)
7.4 FC Protocol Message Framing Structure
A number of data bytes (variable, depending on the type
of telegram) follows.
7.4.1 Content of a Character (byte)
A data control byte (BCC) completes the telegram.
Each character transferred begins with a start bit. Then 8
data bits are transferred, corresponding to a byte. Each
character is secured via a parity bit. This bit is set at "1"
when it reaches parity. Parity is when there is an equal
number of 1s in the 8 data bits and the parity bit in total.
STX
LGE
ADR
DATA
BCC
195NA099.10
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RS-485 Installation and Set...
7.4.3 Length (LGE)
The length is the number of data bytes plus the address byte ADR and the data control byte BCC.
The length of telegrams with 4 data bytes is
The length of telegrams with 12 data bytes is
The length of telegrams containing texts is
1)
LGE = 4 + 1 + 1 = 6 bytes
LGE = 12 + 1 + 1 = 14 bytes
101)+n bytes
The 10 represents the fixed characters, while the “n’” is variable (depending on the length of the text).
7.4.4 Frequency Converter Address (ADR)
Address format 1-126
Bit 7 = 1 (address format 1-126 active)
Bit 0-6 = frequency converter address 1-126
Bit 0-6 = 0 Broadcast
The slave returns the address byte unchanged to the master in the response telegram.
7.4.5 Data Control Byte (BCC)
The checksum is calculated as an XOR-function. Before the first byte in the telegram is received, the Calculated Checksum is
0.
7.4.6 The Data Field
The structure of data blocks depends on the type of . There are three types, and the type applies for both control telegrams
(master=>slave) and response telegrams (slave=>master).
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RS-485 Installation and Set...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
The 3 types of are:
-
Control word and reference value (from master to slave)
-
Status word and present output frequency (from slave to master)
STX
LGE
ADR
PCD1
PCD2
BCC
130BA269.10
Process block (PCD)
The PCD is made up of a data block of 4 bytes (2 words) and contains:
STX
LGE
ADR
PKE
PWEhigh
IND
PWElow
PCD1
PCD2
BCC
130BA271.10
Parameter block
The parameter block is used to transfer parameters between master and slave. The data block is made up of 12 bytes (6
words) and also contains the process block.
STX
LGE
ADR
PKE
IND
Ch1
Ch2
7.4.7 The PKE Field
Chn
PCD1
Bit no.
AK
BCC
Parameter commands master ⇒ slave
IND
PWEhigh
PWElow
130BB918.10
The PKE field contains two subfields: Parameter command
and response (AK) and Parameter number (PNU):
PKE
PCD2
130BA270.10
Text block
The text block is used to read or write texts via the data block.
PNU
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Parameter command
15
14
13
12
0
0
0
0
No command
0
0
0
1
Read parameter value
0
0
1
0
Write parameter value in RAM (word)
0
0
1
1
Write parameter value in RAM (double
word)
1
1
0
1
Write parameter value in RAM and
EEprom (double word)
1
1
1
0
Write parameter value in RAM and
EEprom (word)
1
1
1
1
Read text
Parameter
number
Parameter
commands
and replies
Response slave ⇒master
Bit no.
Bits no. 12-15 transfer parameter commands from master
to slave and return processed slave responses to the
master.
Response
15
14
13
12
0
0
0
0
No response
0
0
0
1
Parameter value transferred (word)
0
0
1
0
Parameter value transferred (double
word)
0
1
1
1
Command cannot be performed
1
1
1
1
text transferred
If the command cannot be performed, the slave sends this
response:
0111 Command cannot be performed
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67
7 7
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RS-485 Installation and Set...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
- and issues the following fault report in the parameter
value:
Error code
FC+ Specification.
0
Illegal Parameter Number
1
Parameter cannot be changed.
2
Upper or lower limit exceeded
3
Subindex corrupted
4
No Array
5
Wrong Data Type
6
Not used
7
Not used
9
Description element not available
11
No parameter write access
15
No text available
17
Not while Running
18
Other error
15-40 FC Type to 15-53 Power Card Serial Number contain
data type 9.
For example, read the unit size and mains voltage range in
15-40 FC Type. When a text string is transferred (read), the
length of the telegram is variable, and the texts are of
different lengths. The telegram length is defined in the
second byte of the telegram (LGE). When using text
transfer, the index character indicates whether it is a read
or a write command.
To read a text via the PWE block, set the parameter
command (AK) to ’F’ Hex. The index character high-byte
must be “4”.
100
>100
130
contains several data options, e.g. 0-01 Language, select
the data value by entering the value in the PWE block.
Serial communication is only capable of reading
parameters containing data type 9 (text string).
No bus access for this parameter
131
Write to factory set-up not possible
132
No LCP access
252
Unknown viewer
253
Request not supported
254
Unknown attribute
255
No error
7.4.8 Parameter Number (PNU)
Bits no. 0-11 transfer parameter numbers. The function of
the relevant parameter is defined in the parameter
description in 6 How to Programme.
7.4.11 Data Types Supported by the
Frequency Converter
Unsigned means that there is no operational sign in the
telegram.
Data types
Description
3
Integer 16
4
Integer 32
5
Unsigned 8
6
Unsigned 16
7
Unsigned 32
9
Text string
7.4.12 Conversion
7.4.9 Index (IND)
The index is used together with the parameter number to
read/write-access parameters with an index, e.g.
15-30 Alarm Log: Error Code. The index consists of 2 bytes;
a low byte, and a high byte.
Only the low byte is used as an index.
7.4.10 Parameter Value (PWE)
The parameter value block consists of 2 words (4 bytes),
and the value depends on the defined command (AK). The
master prompts for a parameter value when the PWE block
contains no value. To change a parameter value (write),
write the new value in the PWE block and send from the
master to the slave.
The various attributes of each parameter are displayed in
the section Factory Settings. Parameter values are
transferred as whole numbers only. Conversion factors are
therefore used to transfer decimals.
4-12 Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz] has a conversion factor of
0.1.
To preset the minimum frequency to 10Hz, transfer the
value 100. A conversion factor of 0.1 means that the value
transferred is multiplied by 0.1. The value 100 is thus
perceived as 10.0.
When a slave responds to a parameter request (read
command), the present parameter value in the PWE block
is transferred and returned to the master. If a parameter
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VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Conversion index
Conversion factor
74
0.1
2
100
1
10
0
1
-1
0.1
-2
0.01
-3
0.001
-4
0.0001
-5
0.00001
119E
H 0000
H 0000
PWE high
IND
PKE
H 03E8
H
PWE low
130BA093.10
RS-485 Installation and Set...
7.5.2 Reading a Parameter Value
Read the value in 3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time
The block of process words is divided into two blocks of
16 bits, which always occur in the defined sequence.
PCD 1
1155
PCD 2
Control (master⇒ slave Control word)
Reference-value
Control (slave ⇒ master) Status word
Present output
frequency
H 0000
PKE
H
IND
0000
H 0000
PWE high
H
PWE low
If the value in 3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time is 10 s, the
response from the slave to the master is:
7.5 Examples
1155
7.5.1 Writing a Parameter Value
H 0000
PKE
Change 4-14 Motor Speed High Limit [Hz] to 100Hz.
Write the data in EEPROM.
H 0000
IND
PWE high
H 03E8
H
PWE low
130BA267.10
7.4.13 Process Words (PCD)
130BA094.10
PKE = 1155 Hex - Read parameter value in 3-41 Ramp 1
Ramp up Time
IND = 0000 Hex
PWEHIGH = 0000 Hex
PWELOW = 0000 Hex
3E8 Hex corresponds to 1000 decimal. The conversion
index for 3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time is -2, i.e. 0.01.
3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time is of the type Unsigned 32.
PKE = E19E Hex - Write single word in 4-14 Motor Speed
High Limit [Hz]:
IND = 0000 Hex
7.6 Modbus RTU Overview
PWEHIGH = 0000 Hex
7.6.1 Assumptions
PWELOW = 03E8 Hex
Danfoss assumes that the installed controller supports the
interfaces in this document, and strictly observe all
requirements and limitations stipulated in the controller
and frequency converter.
Data value 1000, corresponding to 100Hz, see
7.3.12 Conversion.
E19E
PKE
H 0000
IND
H 0000
PWE high
H 03E8
PWE low
H
130BA092.10
The telegram looks like this:
Note: 4-14 Motor Speed High Limit [Hz] is a single word, and
the parameter command for write in EEPROM is “E”.
Parameter number 4-14 is 19E in hexadecimal.
The response from the slave to the master is:
7.6.2 What the User Should Already Know
The Modbus RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) is designed to
communicate with any controller that supports the
interfaces defined in this document. It is assumed that the
user has full knowledge of the capabilities and limitations
of the controller.
7.6.3 Modbus RTU Overview
Regardless of the type of physical communication
networks, the Modbus RTU Overview describes the process
a controller uses to request access to another device. This
process includes how the Modbus RTU responds to
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requests from another device, and how errors are detected
and reported. It also establishes a common format for the
layout and contents of message fields.
During communications over a Modbus RTU network, the
protocol determines:
How each controller learns its device address
Recognizes a message addressed to it
Determines which actions to take
Extracts any data or other information contained
in the message
•
•
•
Run in reverse
Change the active set-up
Control the frequency converter’s built-in relay
The Bus Reference is commonly used for speed control. It
is also possible to access the parameters, read their values,
and where possible, write values to them. This permits a
range of control options, including controlling the setpoint
of the frequency converter when its internal PI controller is
used.
7.7 Network Configuration
If a reply is required, the controller constructs the reply
message and sends it.
Controllers communicate using a master-slave technique in
which only one device (the master) can initiate
transactions (called queries). The other devices (slaves)
respond by supplying the requested data to the master, or
by taking the action requested in the query.
The master can address individual slaves, or can initiate a
broadcast message to all slaves. Slaves return a message
(called a response) to queries that are addressed to them
individually. No responses are returned to broadcast
queries from the master. The Modbus RTU protocol
establishes the format for the master’s query by placing
into it the device (or broadcast) address, a function code
defining the requested action, any data to be sent, and an
error-checking field. The slave’s response message is also
constructed using Modbus protocol. It contains fields
confirming the action taken, any data to be returned, and
an error-checking field. If an error occurs in receipt of the
message, or if the slave is unable to perform the requested
action, the slave will construct an error message, and send
it in response, or a time-out occurs.
The controllers are set up to communicate on the Modbus
network using RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) mode, with
each byte in a message containing 2 4-bit hexadecimal
characters. The format for each byte is shown below.
7.6.4 Frequency Converter with Modbus
RTU
Start
bit
The frequency converter communicates in Modbus RTU
format over the built-in RS-485 interface. Modbus RTU
provides access to the Control Word and Bus Reference of
the frequency converter.
Coding System
8-bit binary, hexadecimal 0-9, A-F. 2
hexadecimal characters contained in each 8bit field of the message
Bits Per Byte
1 start bit
8 data bits, least significant bit sent first
1 bit for even/odd parity; no bit for no
parity
1 stop bit if parity is used; 2 bits if no parity
Error Check Field
Cyclical Redundancy Check (CRC)
To enable Modbus RTU on the frequency converter, set the
following parameters:
Parameter
Setting
8-30 Protocol
Modbus RTU
8-31 Address
1 - 247
8-32 Baud Rate
2400 - 115200
8-33 Parity / Stop
Bits
Even parity, 1 stop bit (default)
7.8 Modbus RTU Message Framing
Structure
7.8.1 Frequency Converter with Modbus
RTU
The Control Word allows the Modbus master to control
several important functions of the frequency converter:
•
•
•
•
70
Start
Stop of the frequency converter in various ways:
Coast stop
Quick stop
DC Brake stop
Normal (ramp) stop
Reset after a fault trip
Run at a variety of preset speeds
Data byte
Stop/
parity
Stop
7.8.2 Modbus RTU Message Structure
The transmitting device places a Modbus RTU message
into a frame with a known beginning and ending point.
This allows receiving devices to begin at the start of the
message, read the address portion, determine which
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device is addressed (or all devices, if the message is
broadcast), and to recognise when the message is
completed. Partial messages are detected and errors set as
a result. Characters for transmission must be in
hexadecimal 00 to FF format in each field. The frequency
converter continuously monitors the network bus, also
during ‘silent’ intervals. When the first field (the address
field) is received, each frequency converter or device
decodes it to determine which device is being addressed.
Modbus RTU messages addressed to zero are broadcast
messages. No response is permitted for broadcast
messages. A typical message frame is shown below.
Typical Modbus RTU Message Structure
Start
Address
Function
Data
CRC
check
End
T1-T2-T3T4
8 bits
8 bits
Nx8
bits
16 bits
T1-T2-T3T4
7.8.5 Function Field
The function field of a message frame contains 8 bits. Valid
codes are in the range of 1-FF. Function fields are used to
send messages between master and slave. When a
message is sent from a master to a slave device, the
function code field tells the slave what kind of action to
perform. When the slave responds to the master, it uses
the function code field to indicate either a normal (errorfree) response, or that some kind of error occurred (called
an exception response). For a normal response, the slave
simply echoes the original function code. For an exception
response, the slave returns a code that is equivalent to the
original function code with its most significant bit set to
logic 1. In addition, the slave places a unique code into the
data field of the response message. This tells the master
what kind of error occurred, or the reason for the
exception. Please also refer to the sections Function Codes
Supported by Modbus RTU and Exception Codes.
7.8.3 Start/Stop Field
7.8.6 Data Field
Messages start with a silent period of at least 3.5 character
intervals. This is implemented as a multiple of character
intervals at the selected network baud rate (shown as Start
T1-T2-T3-T4). The first field to be transmitted is the device
address. Following the last transmitted character, a similar
period of at least 3.5 character intervals marks the end of
the message. A new message can begin after this period.
The entire message frame must be transmitted as a
continuous stream. If a silent period of more than 1.5
character intervals occurs before completion of the frame,
the receiving device flushes the incomplete message and
assumes that the next byte will be the address field of a
new message. Similarly, if a new message begins prior to
3.5 character intervals after a previous message, the
receiving device will consider it a continuation of the
previous message. This will cause a time-out (no response
from the slave), since the value in the final CRC field will
not be valid for the combined messages.
The data field is constructed using sets of two hexadecimal
digits, in the range of 00 to FF hexadecimal. These are
made up of one RTU character. The data field of messages
sent from a master to slave device contains additional
information which the slave must use to take the action
defined by the function code. This can include items such
as coil or register addresses, the quantity of items to be
handled, and the count of actual data bytes in the field.
7.8.4 Address Field
The address field of a message frame contains 8 bits. Valid
slave device addresses are in the range of 0 – 247 decimal.
The individual slave devices are assigned addresses in the
range of 1 – 247. (0 is reserved for broadcast mode, which
all slaves recognize.) A master addresses a slave by placing
the slave address in the address field of the message.
When the slave sends its response, it places its own
address in this address field to let the master know which
slave is responding.
7.8.7 CRC Check Field
Messages include an error-checking field, operating on the
basis of a Cyclical Redundancy Check (CRC) method. The
CRC field checks the contents of the entire message. It is
applied regardless of any parity check method used for the
individual characters of the message. The CRC value is
calculated by the transmitting device, which appends the
CRC as the last field in the message. The receiving device
recalculates a CRC during receipt of the message and
compares the calculated value to the actual value received
in the CRC field. If the two values are unequal, a bus timeout results. The error-checking field contains a 16-bit
binary value implemented as two 8-bit bytes. When this is
done, the low-order byte of the field is appended first,
followed by the high-order byte. The CRC high-order byte
is the last byte sent in the message.
7.8.8 Coil Register Addressing
In Modbus, all data are organized in coils and holding
registers. Coils hold a single bit, whereas holding registers
hold a 2-byte word (i.e. 16 bits). All data addresses in
Modbus messages are referenced to zero. The first
occurrence of a data item is addressed as item number
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zero. For example: The coil known as ‘coil 1’ in a
programmable controller is addressed as coil 0000 in the
data address field of a Modbus message. Coil 127 decimal
is addressed as coil 007EHEX (126 decimal).
Holding register 40001 is addressed as register 0000 in the
data address field of the message. The function code field
already specifies a ‘holding register’ operation. Therefore,
the ‘4XXXX’ reference is implicit. Holding register 40108 is
addressed as register 006BHEX (107 decimal).
Coil
Description
Number
Signal Direction
1-16
Frequency converter control word
(see table below)
Master to slave
Frequency converter speed or setpoint reference Range 0x0 – 0xFFFF
(-200% ... ~200%)
Master to slave
17-32
33-48
Frequency converter status word (see Slave to master
table below)
49-64
Open loop mode: Frequency
converter output frequency
Closed loop mode: Frequency
converter feedback signal
Slave to master
65
Parameter write control (master to
slave)
Master to slave
0=
Parameter changes are written
to the RAM of the frequency
converter
1=
Parameter changes are written
to the RAM and EEPROM of
the frequency converter.
Coil
0
1
33
Control not ready
Control ready
34
Frequency converter not
ready
Frequency converter ready
35
Coasting stop
Safety closed
36
No alarm
Alarm
37
Not used
Not used
38
Not used
Not used
39
Not used
Not used
40
No warning
Warning
41
Not at reference
At reference
42
Hand mode
Auto mode
43
Out of freq. range
In frequency range
44
Stopped
Running
45
Not used
Not used
46
No voltage warning
Voltage warning
47
Not in current limit
Current limit
48
No thermal warning
Thermal warning
Table 7.2 Frequency Converter status word (FC profile)
66-6553 Reserved
6
Coil
0
1
01
Preset reference LSB
02
Preset reference MSB
03
DC brake
No DC brake
04
Coast stop
No coast stop
05
Quick stop
No quick stop
06
Freeze freq.
No freeze freq.
07
Ramp stop
Start
08
No reset
Reset
09
No jog
Jog
10
Ramp 1
Ramp 2
11
Data not valid
Data valid
12
Relay 1 off
Relay 1 on
13
Relay 2 off
Relay 2 on
14
Set up LSB
15
16
No reversing
Reversing
Table 7.1 Frequency Converter Control Word (FC Profile)
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Bus adress Bus register1 PLC Register Content
Access
Description
0
1
40001
Reserved
Reserved for Legacy Drives VLT 5000 and VLT 2800
1
2
40002
Reserved
Reserved for Legacy Drives VLT 5000 and VLT 2800
Reserved for Legacy Drives VLT 5000 and VLT 2800
2
3
40003
Reserved
3
4
40004
Free
4
5
40005
Free
5
6
40006
Modbus conf
Read/Write
TCP only. Reserved for Modbus TCP (p12-28 and 12-29 store in Eeprom etc.)
6
7
40007
Last error code
Read only
Error code recieved from parameter database, refer to
WHAT 38295for details
7
8
40008
Last error register Read only
Address of register with which last error occurred, refer
to WHAT 38296 for details
8
9
40009
Index pointer
Read/Write
Sub index of parameter to be accessed. Refer to WHAT
38297 for details
9
10
40010
FC par. 0-01
Dependent on
parameter access
Parameter 0-01 (Modbus Register = 10 parameter
number
20 bytes space reserved pr parameter in Modbus Map
19
20
40020
FC par. 0-02
Dependent on
parameter access
Parameter 0-02
20 bytes space reserved pr parameter in Modbus Map
29
30
40030
FC par. xx-xx
Dependent on
parameter access
Parameter 0-03
20 bytes space reserved pr parameter in Modbus Map
1
7 7
Value written in Modbus RTU telegram must be one or less than register number. E.g. Read Modbus Register 1 by writing value 0 in telegram.
* Used to specify the index number to be used when accessing an indexed parameter.
7.8.9 How to Control the Frequency Converter
This section describes codes which can be used in the function and data fields of a Modbus RTU message.
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7.8.10 Function Codes Supported by
Modbus RTU
Modbus Exception Codes
2
Illegal data
address
The data address received in the query is
not an allowable address for the server (or
slave). More specifically, the combination of
reference number and transfer length is
invalid. For a controller with 100 registers, a
request with offset 96 and length 4 would
succeed, a request with offset 96 and length
5 will generate exception 02.
3
Illegal data
value
A value contained in the query data field is
not an allowable value for server (or slave).
This indicates a fault in the structure of the
remainder of a complex request, such as
that the implied length is incorrect. It specifically does NOT mean that a data item
submitted for storage in a register has a
value outside the expectation of the
application program, since the Modbus
protocol is unaware of the significance of
any particular value of any particular
register.
4
Slave device
failure
An unrecoverable error occurred while the
server (or slave) was attempting to perform
the requested action.
Modbus RTU supports use of the following function codes
in the function field of a message.
Function
Function Code
Read coils
1 hex
Read holding registers
3 hex
Write single coil
5 hex
Write single register
6 hex
Write multiple coils
F hex
Write multiple registers
10 hex
Get comm. event counter
B hex
Report slave ID
11 hex
Function
Function
Code
Diagnostic 8
s
Subfunction
code
Sub-function
1
Restart communication
2
Return diagnostic register
10
Clear counters and
diagnostic register
11
Return bus message count
12
Return bus communication
error count
7.9 How to Access Parameters
13
Return bus exception error
count
7.9.1 Parameter Handling
14
Return slave message count
The PNU (Parameter Number) is translated from the
register address contained in the Modbus read or write
message. The parameter number is translated to Modbus
as (10 x parameter number) DECIMAL.
7.8.11 Modbus Exception Codes
For a full explanation of the structure of an exception code
response, please refer to 7.7 Modbus RTU Message Framing
Structure , Function Field.
Modbus Exception Codes
Co Name
de
Meaning
1
The function code received in the query is
not an allowable action for the server (or
slave). This may be because the function
code is only applicable to newer devices,
and was not implemented in the unit
selected. It could also indicate that the
server (or slave) is in the wrong state to
process a request of this type, for example
because it is not configured and is being
asked to return register values.
74
Illegal
function
7.9.2 Storage of Data
The Coil 65 decimal determines whether data written to
the frequency converter are stored in EEPROM and RAM
(coil 65 = 1) or only in RAM (coil 65 = 0).
7.9.3 IND
The array index is set in Holding Register 9 and used when
accessing array parameters.
7.9.4 Text Blocks
Parameters stored as text strings are accessed in the same
way as the other parameters. The maximum text block size
is 20 characters. If a read request for a parameter is for
more characters than the parameter stores, the response is
truncated. If the read request for a parameter is for fewer
characters than the parameter stores, the response is space
filled.
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7.9.5 Conversion Factor
The different attributes for each parameter can be seen in
the section on factory settings. Since a parameter value
can only be transferred as a whole number, a conversion
factor must be used to transfer decimals. Please refer to
the Parameters section.
7.9.6 Parameter Values
Standard Data Types
Standard data types are int16, int32, uint8, uint16 and
uint32. They are stored as 4x registers (40001 – 4FFFF). The
parameters are read using function 03HEX "Read Holding
Registers." Parameters are written using the function 6HEX
"Preset Single Register" for 1 register (16 bits), and the
function 10HEX "Preset Multiple Registers" for 2 registers
(32 bits). Readable sizes range from 1 register (16 bits) up
to 10 registers (20 characters).
Non standard Data Types
Non standard data types are text strings and are stored as
4x registers (40001 – 4FFFF). The parameters are read
using function 03HEX "Read Holding Registers" and written
using function 10HEX "Preset Multiple Registers." Readable
sizes range from 1 register (2 characters) up to 10 registers
(20 characters).
7.10 Examples
The following examples illustrate various Modbus RTU
commands. If an error occurs, please refer to the Exception
Codes section.
7.10.1 Read Coil Status (01 HEX)
Description
This function reads the ON/OFF status of discrete outputs
(coils) in the frequency converter. Broadcast is never
supported for reads.
Query
The query message specifies the starting coil and quantity
of coils to be read. Coil addresses start at zero, i.e. coil 33
is addressed as 32.
Example of a request to read coils 33-48 (Status Word)
from slave device 01.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01 (frequency converter address)
Function
01 (read coils)
Starting Address HI
00
Starting Address LO
20 (32 decimals) Coil 33
No. of Points HI
00
No. of Points LO
10 (16 decimals)
Error Check (CRC)
-
Response
The coil status in the response message is packed as one
coil per bit of the data field. Status is indicated as: 1 = ON;
0 = OFF. The LSB of the first data byte contains the coil
addressed in the query. The other coils follow toward the
high order end of this byte, and from ‘low order to high
order’ in subsequent bytes.
If the returned coil quantity is not a multiple of eight, the
remaining bits in the final data byte will be padded with
zeros (toward the high order end of the byte). The Byte
Count field specifies the number of complete bytes of
data.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01 (frequency converter address)
Function
01 (read coils)
Byte Count
02 (2 bytes of data)
Data (Coils 40-33)
07
Data (Coils 48-41)
06 (STW=0607hex)
Error Check (CRC)
-
NOTE
Coils and registers are addressed explicit with an off-set of
-1 in Modbus.
I.e. Coil 33 is addressed as Coil 32.
7.10.2 Force/Write Single Coil (05 HEX)
Description
This function forces a writes a coil to either ON or OFF.
When broadcast the function forces the same coil
references in all attached slaves.
Query
The query message specifies the coil 65 (parameter write
control) to be forced. Coil addresses start at zero, i.e. coil
65 is addressed as 64. Force Data = 00 00HEX (OFF) or FF
00HEX (ON).
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01 (frequency converter address)
Function
05 (write single coil)
Coil Address HI
00
Coil Address LO
40 (64 decimal) Coil 65
Force Data HI
FF
Force Data LO
00 (FF 00 = ON)
Error Check (CRC)
-
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Response
The normal response is an echo of the query, returned
after the coil state has been forced.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01
Function
05
Force Data HI
FF
Force Data LO
00
Quantity of Coils HI
00
Quantity of Coils LO
01
Error Check (CRC)
-
7.10.4 Read Holding Registers (03 HEX)
Description
This function reads the contents of holding registers in the
slave.
Query
The query message specifies the starting register and
quantity of registers to be read. Register addresses start at
zero, i.e. registers 1-4 are addressed as 0-3.
Example: Read 3-03 Maximum Reference, register 03030.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
7.10.3 Force/Write Multiple Coils (0F HEX)
Slave Address
01
Function
03 (read holding registers)
This function forces each coil in a sequence of coils to
either ON or OFF. When broadcast the function forces the
same coil references in all attached slaves.
Starting Address HI
0B (Register address 3029)
Starting Address LO
05 (Register address 3029)
No. of Points HI
00
No. of Points LO
02 - (3-03 Maximum Reference is 32 bits
long, i.e. 2 registers)
Error Check (CRC)
-
The query message specifies the coils 17 to 32 (speed setpoint) to be forced.
NOTE
Coil addresses start at zero, i.e. coil 17 is addressed as 16.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01 (frequency converter address)
Function
0F (write multiple coils)
Coil Address HI
00
Coil Address LO
10 (coil address 17)
Quantity of Coils HI
00
Quantity of Coils LO
10 (16 coils)
Byte Count
02
Force Data HI
(Coils 8-1)
20
Force Data LO
(Coils 10-9)
00 (ref. = 2000hex)
Error Check (CRC)
-
Response
The normal response returns the slave address, function
code, starting address, and quantity of coiles forced.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01 (frequency converter address)
Function
0F (write multiple coils)
Coil Address HI
00
Coil Address LO
10 (coil address 17)
Quantity of Coils HI
00
Quantity of Coils LO
10 (16 coils)
Error Check (CRC)
-
Response
The register data in the response message are packed as
two bytes per register, with the binary contents right
justified within each byte. For each register, the first byte
contains the high order bits and the second contains the
low order bits.
Example: Hex 000088B8 = 35.000 = 15Hz.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01
Function
03
Byte Count
04
Data HI
(Register 3030)
00
Data LO
(Register 3030)
16
Data HI
(Register 3031)
E3
Data LO
(Register 3031)
60
Error Check
(CRC)
-
7.10.5 Preset Single Register (06 HEX)
Description
This function presets a value into a single holding register.
Query
The query message specifies the register reference to be
preset. Register addresses start at zero, i.e. register 1 is
addressed as 0.
Example: Write to 1-00 Configuration Mode, register 1000.
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Field Name
Example (HEX)
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01
Slave Address
01
Function
06
Function
10
Register Address HI
03 (Register address 999)
Starting Address HI
04
Register Address LO
E7 (Register address 999)
Starting Address LO
19
Preset Data HI
00
No. of Registers HI
00
Preset Data LO
01
No. of registers LO
02
Error Check (CRC)
-
Error Check (CRC)
-
Response
Response The normal response is an echo of the query,
returned after the register contents have been passed.
Field Name
Example (HEX)
Slave Address
01
Function
06
Register Address HI
03
Register Address LO
E7
Preset Data HI
00
Preset Data LO
01
Error Check (CRC)
-
7.11 Danfoss FC Control Profile
7.11.1 Control Word According to FC
Profile (8-30 Protocol = FC profile)
Master-slave
CTW
Bit
no.:
Speed ref.
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Bit
Bit value = 0
Bit value = 1
00
Reference value
external selection lsb
01
Reference value
external selection msb
02
DC brake
Ramp
03
Coasting
No coasting
04
Quick stop
Ramp
05
Hold output
frequency
use ramp
06
Ramp stop
Start
07
No function
Reset
08
No function
Jog
09
Ramp 1
Ramp 2
Example (HEX)
10
Data invalid
Data valid
Slave Address
01
11
Relay 01 open
Relay 01 active
Function
10
12
Relay 02 open
Relay 02 active
Starting Address HI
04
13
Parameter set-up
selection lsb
Starting Address LO
19
15
No function
Reverse
No. of Registers HI
00
No. of registers LO
02
Byte Count
04
Write Data HI
(Register 4: 1049)
00
Write Data LO
(Register 4: 1049)
00
Write Data HI
(Register 4: 1050)
02
Write Data LO
(Register 4: 1050)
E2
Error Check (CRC)
-
7.10.6 Preset Multiple Registers (10 HEX)
Description
This function presets values into a sequence of holding
registers.
Query
The query message specifies the register references to be
preset. Register addresses start at zero, i.e. register 1 is
addressed as 0. Example of a request to preset two
registers (set 1-24 Motor Current to 738 (7.38 A)):
Field Name
130BA274.10
RS-485 Installation and Set...
Explanation of the Control Bits
Bits 00/01
Bits 00 and 01 are used to choose between the four
reference values, which are pre-programmed in 3-10 Preset
Reference according to the following table:
Response
The normal response returns the slave address, function
code, starting address, and quantity of registers preset.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
77
7 7
7 7
RS-485 Installation and Set...
Programmed ref. Parameter
value
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Bit 01
Bit 00
1
3-10 Preset Reference
[0]
0
0
2
3-10 Preset Reference
[1]
0
1
3
3-10 Preset Reference
[2]
1
0
4
3-10 Preset Reference
[3]
1
1
NOTE
Make a selection in 8-56 Preset Reference Select to define
how Bit 00/01 gates with the corresponding function on
the digital inputs.
Bit 02, DC brake
Bit 02 = ’0’ leads to DC braking and stop. Set braking
current and duration in 2-01 DC Brake Current and 2-02 DC
Braking Time. Bit 02 = ’1’ leads to ramping.
Bit 03, Coasting
Bit 03 = ’0’: The frequency converter immediately "lets go"
of the motor, (the output transistors are "shut off") and it
coasts to a standstill. Bit 03 = ’1’: The frequency converter
starts the motor if the other starting conditions are met.
Make a selection in 8-50 Coasting Select to define how Bit
03 gates with the corresponding function on a digital
input.
Bit 04, Quick stop
Bit 04 = ’0’: Makes the motor speed ramp down to stop
(set in 3-81 Quick Stop Ramp Time).
Bit 05, Hold output frequency
Bit 05 = ’0’: The present output frequency (in Hz) freezes.
Change the frozen output frequency only by means of the
digital inputs (5-10 Terminal 18 Digital Input to
5-13 Terminal 29 Digital Input) programmed to Speed up
and Slow down.
NOTE
If Freeze output is active, the frequency converter can only
be stopped by the following:
•
•
•
78
Bit 06, Ramp stop/start
Bit 06 = ’0’: Causes a stop and makes the motor speed
ramp down to stop via the selected ramp down parameter.
Bit 06 = ’1’: Permits the frequency converter to start the
motor, if the other starting conditions are met.
Make a selection in 8-53 Start Select to define how Bit 06
Ramp stop/start gates with the corresponding function on
a digital input.
Bit 07, Reset Bit 07 = ’0’: No reset. Bit 07 = ’1’: Resets a trip.
Reset is activated on the signal’s leading edge, i.e. when
changing from logic ’0’ to logic ’1’.
Bit 08, Jog
Bit 08 = ’1’: The output frequency is determined by
3-11 Jog Speed [Hz].
Bit 09, Selection of ramp 1/2
Bit 09 = "0": Ramp 1 is active (3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp up Time
to 3-42 Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time). Bit 09 = "1": Ramp 2
(3-51 Ramp 2 Ramp up Time to 3-52 Ramp 2 Ramp down
Time) is active.
Bit 10, Data not valid/Data valid
Tell the frequency converter whether to use or ignore the
control word. Bit 10 = ’0’: The control word is ignored. Bit
10 = ’1’: The control word is used. This function is relevant
because the telegram always contains the control word,
regardless of the telegram type. Thus, you can turn off the
control word if you do not want to use it when updating
or reading parameters.
Bit 11, Relay 01
Bit 11 = "0": Relay not activated. Bit 11 = "1": Relay 01
activated provided that Control word bit 11 is chosen in
5-40 Function Relay.
Bit 12, Relay 02
Bit 12 = "0": Relay 02 is not activated. Bit 12 = "1": Relay 02
is activated provided that Control word bit 12 is chosen in
5-40 Function Relay.
Bit 13, Selection of set-up
Use bits 13 to choose from the 2 menu set-ups according
to the shown table.
Bit 03 Coasting stop
Bit 02 DC braking
Digital input (5-10 Terminal 18 Digital Input to
5-13 Terminal 29 Digital Input) programmed to DC
braking, Coasting stop, or Reset and coasting stop.
Set-up
Bit 13
1
0
2
1
The function is only possible when Multi Set-Ups is selected
in 0-10 Active Set-up.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
RS-485 Installation and Set...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Make a selection in 8-55 Set-up Select to define how Bit 13
gates with the corresponding function on the digital
inputs.
Bit 03, No error/trip
Bit 03 = ’0’ : The frequency converter is not in fault mode.
Bit 03 = ’1’: The frequency converter trips. To re-establish
operation, enter [Reset].
Bit 04, No error/error (no trip)
Bit 04 = ’0’: The frequency converter is not in fault mode.
Bit 04 = “1”: The frequency converter shows an error but
does not trip.
7.11.2 Status Word According to FC Profile
(STW) (8-30 Protocol = FC profile)
Bit 05, Not used
Bit 05 is not used in the status word.
Slave-master
STW
Bit
no.:
Output freq.
130BA273.10
Bit 15 Reverse
Bit 15 = ’0’: No reversing. Bit 15 = ’1’: Reversing. In the
default setting, reversing is set to digital in 8-54 Reversing
Select. Bit 15 causes reversing only when Ser. communication, Logic or or Logic and is selected.
Bit 06, No error / triplock
Bit 06 = ’0’: The frequency converter is not in fault mode.
Bit 06 = “1”: The frequency converter is tripped and locked.
Bit 07, No warning/warning
Bit 07 = ’0’: There are no warnings. Bit 07 = ’1’: A warning
has occurred.
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Bit
Bit = 0
Bit = 1
00
Control not ready
Control ready
01
Drive not ready
Drive ready
02
Coasting
Enable
03
No error
Trip
04
No error
Error (no trip)
05
Reserved
-
06
No error
Triplock
07
No warning
Warning
08
Speed ≠ reference
Speed = reference
09
Local operation
Bus control
10
Out of frequency limit
Frequency limit OK
11
No operation
In operation
12
Drive OK
Stopped, auto start
13
Voltage OK
Voltage exceeded
14
Torque OK
Torque exceeded
15
Timer OK
Timer exceeded
Explanation of the Status Bits
Bit 00, Control not ready/ready
Bit 00 = ’0’: The frequency converter trips. Bit 00 = ’1’: The
frequency converter controls are ready but the power
component does not necessarily receive any power supply
(in case of external 24V supply to controls).
Bit 01, Drive ready
Bit 01 = ’1’: The frequency converter is ready for operation
but the coasting command is active via the digital inputs
or via serial communication.
Bit 02, Coasting stop
Bit 02 = ’0’: The frequency converter releases the motor. Bit
02 = ’1’: The frequency converter starts the motor with a
start command.
Bit 08, Speed≠ reference/speed = reference
Bit 08 = ’0’: The motor is running but the present speed is
different from the preset speed reference. It might e.g. be
the case when the speed ramps up/down during start/
stop. Bit 08 = ’1’: The motor speed matches the preset
speed reference.
Bit 09, Local operation/bus control
Bit 09 = ’0’: [STOP/RESET] is activate on the control unit or
Local control in F-02 Operation Method is selected. You
cannot control the frequency converter via serial communication. Bit 09 = ’1’ It is possible to control the frequency
converter via the fieldbus / serial communication.
Bit 10, Out of frequency limit
Bit 10 = ’0’: The output frequency has reached the value in
4-12 Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz] or 4-14 Motor Speed High
Limit [Hz]. Bit 10 = "1": The output frequency is within the
defined limits.
Bit 11, No operation/in operation
Bit 11 = ’0’: The motor is not running. Bit 11 = ’1’: The
frequency converter has a start signal or the output
frequency is greater than 0Hz.
Bit 12, Drive OK/stopped, autostart:
Bit 12 = ’0’: There is no temporary over temperature on
the inverter. Bit 12 = ’1’: The inverter stops because of over
temperature but the unit does not trip and will resume
operation once the over temperature stops.
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
79
7 7
RS-485 Installation and Set...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Bit 13, Voltage OK/limit exceeded
Bit 13 = ’0’: There are no voltage warnings. Bit 13 = ’1’: The
DC voltage in the frequency converter’s intermediate
circuit is too low or too high.
Bit 15, Timer OK/limit exceeded
Bit 15 = ’0’: The timers for motor thermal protection and
thermal protection are not exceeded 100%. Bit 15 = ’1’:
One of the timers exceeds 100%.
Bit 14, Torque OK/limit exceeded
Bit 14 = ’0’: The motor current is lower than the torque
limit selected in 4-18 Current Limit. Bit 14 = ’1’: The torque
limit in 4-18 Current Limit is exceeded.
All bits in the STW are set to ’0’ if the connection between
the Interbus option and the frequency converter is lost, or
an internal communication problem has occurred.
7.11.3 Bus Speed Reference Value
Speed reference value is transmitted to the frequency converter in a relative value in %. The value is transmitted in the form
of a 16-bit word; in integers (0-32767) the value 16384 (4000 Hex) corresponds to 100%. Negative figures are formatted by
means of 2’s complement. The Actual Output frequency (MAV) is scaled in the same way as the bus reference.
7 7
130BA276.10
Master-slave
16bit
CTW
Speed ref.
Slave-master
STW
Actual output
freq.
-100%
0%
(C000hex)
100%
(0hex)
(4000hex)
130BA277.10
The reference and MAV are scaled as follows:
Par.3-00 set to
Reverse
(1) -max- +max
Par.3-03
Forward
0
Par.3-03
Max reference
Max reference
0%
100%
(0hex)
(4000hex)
Par.3-00 set to
Forward
(0) min-max
Par.3-02
Min reference
80
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Par.3-03
Max reference
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
8 General Specifications and Troubleshooting
8.1 Mains Supply Tables
8.1.1 Mains Supply 3 x 200-240V AC
Frequency converter
Typical shaft output (kW)
Typical shaft output (hp)
IP20 frame
Max. cable size in terminals (mains,
PK2
5
0.25
0.33
H1
4/10
PK3
7
0.37
0.5
H1
4/10
PK7
5
0.75
1.0
H1
4/10
130BB632.10
motor) [mm2/AWG]
Output current
P1K P2K2 P3K P5K5 P7K5 P11K P15K P18K P22K P30K P37K P45K
5
7
1.5 2.2 3.7
5.5
7.5 11.0 15.0 18.5 22.0 30.0 37.0 45.0
2.0 3.0 5.0
7.5 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0
H1
H2
H3
H4
H4
H5
H6
H6
H7
H7
H8
H8
4/10 4/10 4/10 16/6 16/6 16/6 35/2 35/2 50/1 50/1 95/0 120/
(4/0)
40°C ambient temperature
2.2 4.2 6.8 9.6 15.2
Continuous
(3x200-240V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x200-240V)[A]
1.5
22.0
28.0
42.0
59.4
74.8
88.0 115.0 143.0 170.0
1.7
2.4
4.6
7.5
10.6 16.7
24.2
30.8
46.2
65.3
82.3
96.8 126.5 157.3 187.0
Continuous
(3x200-240V) [A]
1.1
1.6
2.8
5.6
8.8/7 14.1 21.0/ 28.3/ 41.0/
.2
/
18.0 24.0 38.2
12.0
9.5/7 15.5 23.1/ 31.1/ 45.1/
.9
/
19.8 26.4 42.0
13.2
52.7
65.0
76.0 103.7 127.9 153.0
Intermittent
(3x200-240V)[A]
1.2
1.8
3.1
6.2
58.0
71.5
83.7 114.1 140.7 168.3
512
658
804
1015
1459 1350
24.5
24.5
36.0
36.0
51.0
51.0
97.0
96.9
96.8
97.0
96.5
97.3
RELAY 2
130BB633.10
Max. input current
RELAY 2
Max. mains fuses
Estimated power
loss [W], Best
See 5.1.4 Fuses
12/1 15/1 21/2 48/6 80/1 97/1 182/ 229/
4
8
6
0
02
20 204 268
369/
386
case/typical1)
Weight enclosure 2.
2.0 2.0 2.1 3.4 4.5
7.9
7.9
9.5
IP20 [kg]
Efficiency [%],
97.0 97.3 98.0/ 97.6 97.1/ 97.9 97.3/ 98.5/ 97.2/
Best case/Typical
/
/ 97.6 /
96.3
/
97.0 97.1 97.1
1
96.5 96.8
97.0
97.4
Output current
Continuous
(3x200-240V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x200-240V) [A]
1.5
1.7
50°C ambient temperature
1.9 3.5 6.8 9.6 13.0
2.1
3.9
7.5
10.6 14.3
19.8
23.0
33.0
53.5
66.6
79.2 103.5 128.7 153.0
21.8
25.3
36.3
58.9
73.3
87.1 113.9 141.6 168.3
1) At rated load conditions
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
81
8 8
82
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Max. mains fuses
RELAY 2
Max. input current
RELAY 2
Continuous
(3x440-480V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x440-480V)[A]
Continuous
(3x380-440V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x380-440V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x440-480V)[A]
Continuous
(3x380-440V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x380-440V)[A]
Continuous
(3x440-480V)[A]
2.1
1.1
1.1
2.0
1.8
2.3
1.3
1.0
2.1
1.2
2.3
2.4
1.3
1.2
2.2
0.75
1.0
H1
4/10
PK75
1.2
0.37
0.5
H1
4/10
[mm2/AWG]
Output current
PK37
Frequency converter
Typical shaft output (kW)
Typical shaft output (hp)
IP20 frame
Max. cable size in terminals (mains, motor)
130BB632.10
2.2
3.0
H2
4/10
P2K2
3.0
4.0
H2
4/10
P3K0
3.2
2.9
3.9
3.5
3.7
3.4
4.1
4.3
3.9
5.2
4.7
5.3
4.8
5.8
5.8
5.3
6.9
6.3
6.9
6.3
7.9
40°C ambient temperature
3.7
5.3
7.2
1.5
2.0
H1
4/10
P1K5
7.5
6.8
9.1
8.3
9.0
8.2
9.9
9.1
4.0
5.0
H2
4/10
P4K0
10.3
9.4
12.3
11.2
12.1
11.0
13.2
12.0
5.5
7.5
H3
4/10
P5K5
13.9
12.6
16.6
15.1
15.4
14.0
17.1
15.5
7.5
10.0
H3
4/10
P7K5
27.2
24.7
32.9
29.2
29.7
27.0
34.0
31.0
15.0
20.0
H4
16/6
P15K
See 5.1.4 Fuses
20.2
18.4
24.3
22.1
23.1
21.0
25.3
23.0
11.0
15.0
H4
16/6
P11K
32.2
29.3
38.7
35.2
37.4
34.0
40.7
37.0
18.0
25.0
H5
16/6
P18K
8 8
130BB633.10
38.1
34.6
45.7
41.5
44.0
40.0
46.8
42.5
22.0
30.0
H5
16/6
P22K
54.1
49.2
62.7
57.0
57.2
52.0
67.1
61.0
30.0
40.0
H6
35/2
P30K
66.7
60.6
77.0
70.0
71.5
65.0
80.3
73.0
37.0
50.0
H6
35/2
P37K
79.8
72.5
92.4
84.0
88.0
80.0
99.0
90.0
45.0
60.0
H6
35/2
P45K
97.5
88.6
113.0
103.0
115.0
105.0
116.0
106.0
55.0
70.0
H7
50/1
P90K
132.9
120.9
154.0
140.0
143.0
130.0
161.0
147.0
157.0
142.7
182.0
166.0
176.0
160.0
194.0
177.0
75.0
90.0
100.0 125.0
H7
H8
95/0 120/25
0MCM
P55K P75K
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
8.1.2 Mains Supply 3 x 380-480VAC
Output current
1.89
2.0
1.0
1.1
(3x440-480V) [A]
2.1
1.1
Intermittent
(3x380-440V) [A]
Continuous
(3x440-480V) [A]
Intermittent
1.9
1.0
Continuous
(3x380-440V) [A]
Efficiency [%], Best case/Typical 1
Weight enclosure IP20kg]
Estimated power loss [W], Best case/typical1)
P1K5
P2K2
46/58
P3K0
66/83
3.7
3.4
4.07
3.7
4.8
4.4
5.4
4.9
6.1
5.5
6.9
6.3
50°C ambient temperature
46/57
P4K0
P5K5
P7K5
P11K
P15K
P18K
P22K
P30K
P37K
P45K
P55K
P75K
P90K
8.3
7.5
9.2
8.4
11.0
10.0
12.0
10.9
13.9
12.6
15.4
14.0
21.0
19.1
23.0
20.9
34.1
37.5
31.3
34.4
28.0
30.8
24.0
26.4
38.5
35.0
41.8
38.0
45.8
41.6
53.7
48.8
57.2
52.0
64.2
58.4
70.4
64.0
79.2
72.0
80.9
73.5
81.6
74.2
100.1
91.0
113.2
102.9
123.2
112.0
136.3
123.9
95/118 104/13 159/19 248/27 353/37 412/45 475/52 780
893
1160
1130
1460
1780
1
8
4
9
6
3
4.4/2.0 4.4/2.0 4.6/2.1 7.3/3.3 7.3/3.3 7.5/3.4 9.5/4.3 9.9/4.5 17.4/7. 17.4/7. 20.9/9. 20.9/9. 54.0/24 54.0/24 54.0/24 79.4/36 79.4/36 112.4/5
9
9
5
5
.5
.5
.5
.0
.0
1.0
97.8/97. 98.0/97. 97.7/97 98.3/97 98.2/97. 98.0/97. 98.4/98 98.2/97 98.1/97 98.0/97 98.1/97 98.1/97 97.8
97.9
97.1
98.3
98.3
98.3
3
6
.2
.9
8
6
.0
.8
.9
.8
.9
.9
PK75
21/16
PK37
13/15
Frequency converter
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
8 8
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
83
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
8.1.3 Mains Supply 3 x 380-480VAC
Frequency converter
P22K
P30K
P37K
P45K
P55K
P75K
P90K
Typical shaft output (kW)
Typical shaft output (hp)
IP54 frame
22.0
30.0
I6
35/2
30.0
40.0
I6
35/2
37.0
50.0
I6
35/2
45.0
60.0
I7
50/1
55.0
70.0
I7
50/1
75.0
100.0
I8
95/(3/0)
90.0
125.0
I8
120/(4/0)
Continuous
(3x380-440V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x380-440V)[A]
44.0
40°C ambient temperature
61.0
73.0
90.0
106.0
147.0
177.0
48.4
67.1
80.3
99.0
116.6
161.7
194.7
Continuous
(3x440-480V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x440-480V)[A]
40.0
52.0
65.0
80.0
105.0
130.0
160.0
44.0
57.2
71.5
88.0
115.5
143.0
176.0
Continuous
(3x380-440V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x380-440V)[A]
Continuous
(3x440-480V)[A]
41.8
57.0
70.3
84.2
102.9
140.3
165.6
46.0
62.7
77.4
92.6
113.1
154.3
182.2
36.0
49.2
60.6
72.5
88.6
120.9
142.7
Intermittent
(3x440-480V)[A]
39.6
54.1
66.7
79.8
97.5
132.9
157.0
P22K
P30K
P37K
P45K
P55K
P75K
P90K
496
734
705
927
1075
1425
1469
27
98.0
27
97.8
27
98.3
45
98.3
45
98.3
65
98.3
65
98.5
35.2
50°C ambient temperature
48.8
58.4
63.0
74.2
102.9
123.9
38.7
53.9
64.2
69.3
81.6
113.2
136.3
32.0
41.6
52.0
56.0
73.5
91.0
112.0
35.2
45.8
57.2
61.6
80.9
100.1
123.2
130BB632.10
Max. cable size in terminals (mains, motor) [mm2/AWG]
Output current
RELAY 2
130BB633.10
Max. input current
8 8
RELAY 2
Max. mains fuses
Frequency converter
Estimated power loss [W], Best case/typical1)
Weight enclosure IP54kg]
Efficiency [%], Best case/Typical 1
Output current
Continuous
(3x380-440V)
Intermittent
(3x380-440V)
Continuous
(3x440-480V)
Intermittent
(3x440-480V)
84
[A]
[A]
[A]
[A]
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
8.1.4 Mains Supply 3 x 525-600VAC
Frequency converter
Typical shaft output (kW)
Typical shaft output (hp)
IP frame
P11K
11.0
15.0
Ip20
10/8
P15K
15.0
20.0
Ip20
10/8
P22K P30K
22.0 30.0
30.0 40.0
Ip20 Ip20
35/2 35/2
P45K
45.0
60.0
Ip20
50/1
P55K P75K P90K
55.0 75.0 90.0
70.0 100.0 125.0
Ip20 Ip20 Ip20
50/1 95/0 120/
(4/0)
40°C ambient temperature
4.1
5.2
9.5
11.5 19.0
23.0
36.0
43.0
65.0
87.0
105.0 137.0
4.5
5.7
10.5
12.7
20.9
25.3
39.6
47.3
71.5
95.7
115.5 150.7
3.9
4.9
9.0
11.0
18.0
22.0
34.0
41.0
62.0
83.0
100.0 131.0
4.3
5.4
9.9
12.1
19.8
24.2
37.4
45.1
68.2
91.3
110.0 144.1
Continuous
(3x525-550V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x525-550V)[A]
3.7
5.1
8.7
11.9
16.5
22.5
33.1
45.1
66.5
81.3
109.0 130.9
4.1
5.6
9.6
13.1
18.2
24.8
36.4
49.6
73.1
89.4
119.9 143.9
Continuous
(3x551-600V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x551-600V)[A]
3.5
4.8
8.3
11.4
15.7
21.4
31.5
42.9
63.3
77.4
103.8 124.5
3.9
5.3
9.2
12.5
17.3
23.6
34.6
47.2
69.6
85.1
114.2 137.0
Estimated power loss [W], Best case/typical1)
8.4
112.0
178.0 239.0 360.0
Weight enclosure IP54kg]
Efficiency [%], Best case/Typical 1
Output current
6.6
97.0
6.6
97.0
6.6
97.0
130BB632.10
Max. cable size in terminals (mains, motor) [mm2/
AWG]
Output current
Continuous
(3x525-550V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x525-550V)[A]
Continuous
(3x551-600V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x551-600V)[A]
RELAY 2
P2K2
2.2
3.0
Ip20
4/10
P3K0
3.0
4.0
Ip20
4/10
P5K5
5.5
7.5
Ip20
4/10
P7K5
7.5
10.0
Ip20
4/10
130BB633.10
Max. input current
RELAY 2
Max. mains fuses
Continuous
(3x525-550V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x525-550V)[A]
Continuous
(3x551-600V)[A]
Intermittent
(3x551-600V)[A]
6.6
97.0
11.5
97.0
503.0 607.0 820.0 972.0 1182. 1281. 1437.
0
0
0
11.5 24.5 24.5 36.0 36.0 51.0 51.0
97.0 97.5 97.5 98.0 98.0 98.4 98.5
50°C ambient temperature
2.9
3.6
6.7
8.1
13.3
16.1
25.2
30.1
45.5
60.9
73.5
95.9
3.2
4.0
7.4
8.9
14.6
17.7
27.7
33.1
50.0
67.0
80.9
105.5
2.7
3.4
6.3
7.7
12.6
15.4
23.8
28.7
43.3
58.1
70.0
91.7
3.0
3.7
6.9
8.5
13.9
16.9
26.2
31.6
47.7
63.9
77.0
100.9
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
85
8 8
8 8
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
8.2 General Specifications
Protection and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Electronic thermal motor protection against overload.
Temperature monitoring of the heatsink ensures that the frequency converter trips in case of overtemperature.
The frequency converter is protected against short-circuits between motor terminals U, V, W.
If a motor phase is missing, the frequency converter trips and issues an alarm.
If a mains phase is missing, the frequency converter trips or issues a warning (depending on the load).
Monitoring of the intermediate circuit voltage ensures that the frequency converter trips if the intermediate circuit
voltage is too low or too high.
The frequency converter is protected against earth faults on motor terminals U, V, W.
Mains supply (L1, L2, L3)
Supply voltage
200-240V ±10%
Supply voltage
380-480V ±10%
Supply voltage
525-600V ±10%
Supply frequency
50/60Hz
Max. imbalance temporary between mains phases
3.0% of rated supply voltage
True Power Factor (λ)
≥ 0.9 nominal at rated load
Displacement Power Factor (cosφ) near unity
(> 0.98)
Switching on the input supply L1, L2, L3 (power-ups) enclosure frame H1-H5
Max. 2 times/min.
Switching on the input supply L1, L2, L3 (power-ups) enclosure frame H6-H8
Max. 1 time/min.
Environment according to EN 60664-1
overvoltage category III/pollution degree 2
The unit is suitable for use on a circuit capable of delivering not more than 100.000 RMS symmetrical Amperes, 240/480V
maximum.
Motor output (U, V, W)
Output voltage
Output frequency
Switching on output
Ramp times
0 - 100% of supply voltage
0-200Hz (VVC+), 0-400Hz (u/f)
Unlimited
0.05 - 3600 sec.
Cable lengths and cross sections
Max. motor cable length, screened/armoured (EMC correct installation)
Max. motor cable length, unscreened/unarmoured
Max. cross section to motor, mains*
Cross section DC terminals for filter feedback on enclosure frame H1-H3
Cross section DC terminals for filter feedback on enclosure frame H4-H5
Maximum cross section to control terminals, rigid wire
Maximum cross section to control terminals, flexible cable
Minimum cross section to control terminals
*See tables for mains supply for more information
Digital inputs:
Programmable digital inputs
Terminal number
Logic
Voltage level
Voltage level, logic '0' PNP
Voltage level, logic '1' PNP
Voltage level, logic '0' NPN
Voltage level, logic '1' NPN
Maximum voltage on input
Input resistance, Ri
Digital input 29 as thermistor input
86
See chapter EMC test results
50m
4mm2/11AWG
16mm2/6AWG
2.5mm2/14AWG)
2.5mm2/14AWG)
0.05mm2/30AWG
4
18, 19, 27, 29
PNP or NPN
0-24V DC
< 5V DC
> 10V DC
> 19V DC
< 14V DC
28V DC
Approx. 4 k
Fault: > 2.9kΩ and no fault: < 800Ω
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Analog inputs
Number of analog inputs
Terminal number
Terminal 53 mode
Terminal 54 mode
Voltage level
Input resistance, Ri
Max. voltage
Current level
Input resistance, Ri
Max. current
2
53, 54
Parameter 6-19: 1 = voltage, 0 = current
Parameter 6-29: 1 = voltage, 0= current
0 - 10V
approx. 10kΩ
20V
0/4 to 20mA (scalable)
<500Ω
29mA
Analog output
Number of programmable analog outputs
Terminal number
Current range at analog output
Max. load to common at analog output
Max. voltage at analog output
Accuracy on analog output
Resolution on analog output
2
42, 451)
0/4 - 20mA
500Ω
17V
Max. error: 0.4% of full scale
12 bit
8 8
1) Terminal 42 and 45 can also be programmed as digital outputs.
Digital output
Number of digital outputs
Terminal number
Voltage level at digital output
Max. output current at digital output
Max. load at digital output
2
42, 451)
17V
20mA
1kΩ
1) Terminals 42 and 45 can also be programmed as analog output.
Control card, RS-485 serial communication
Terminal number
Terminal number
Control card, 24V DC output:
Terminal number
Max. load enclosure frame H1-H8
68 (P, TX+, RX+), 69 (N, TX-, RX-)
61 Common for terminals 68 and 69
12
80mA
Relay output
Programmable relay output
2
Relay 01 and 02
01-03 (NC), 01-02 (NO), 04-06 (NC), 04-05 (NO)
Max. terminal load (AC-1)1) on 01-02/04-05 (NO) (Resistive load)
250V AC, 3A
Max. terminal load (AC-15)1) on 01-02/04-05 (NO) (Inductive load @ cosφ 0.4)
250V AC, 0.2A
Max. terminal load (DC-1)1) on 01-02/04-05 (NO) (Resistive load)
30V DC, 2A
Max. terminal load (DC-13)1) on 01-02/04-05 (NO) (Inductive load)
24V DC, 0.1A
Max. terminal load (AC-1)1) on 01-03/04-06 (NC) (Resistive load)
250V AC, 3A
Max. terminal load (AC-15)1) on 01-03/04-06 (NC) (Inductive load @ cosφ 0.4)
250V AC, 0.2A
Max. terminal load (DC-1)1) on 01-03/04-06 (NC)
30V DC, 2A
(Resistive load)
Min. terminal load on 01-03 (NC), 01-02 (NO) 24V DC 10mA, 24V AC 20mA
Environment according to EN 60664-1
Overvoltage category III/pollution degree 2
1) IEC 60947 parts 4 and 5.
Control card, 10V DC output
Terminal number
Output voltage
Max. load
50
10.5V ±0.5V
25mA
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
87
8 8
General Specifications and ...
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
All inputs, outputs, circuits, DC supplies and relay contacts are galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and
other high-voltage terminals.
Surroundings
Enclosure
IP20
Enclosure kit available
IP21, TYPE 1
Vibration test
1.0g
Max. relative humidity
5% - 95% (IEC 60721-3-3; Class 3K3 (non-condensing) during operation
Aggressive environment (IEC 60721-3-3), coated (standard) frame H1-H5
Class 3C3
Aggressive environment (IEC 60721-3-3), non-coated frame H6-H10
Class 3C2
Aggressive environment (IEC 60721-3-3), coated (optional) frame H6-H10
Class 3C3
Test method according to IEC 60068-2-43 H2S (10 days)
Ambient temperature
See max. output current at 40/50°C in the tables mains supply
Derating for high ambient temperature, see section on special conditions
Minimum ambient temperature during full-scale operation
0°C
Minimum ambient temperature at reduced performance, enclosure frame H1-H5
-20°C
Minimum ambient temperature at reduced performance, enclosure frame H6-H10
-10°C
Temperature during storage/transport
-30 - +65/70°C
Maximum altitude above sea level without derating
1000m
Maximum altitude above sea level with derating
3000m
Derating for high altitude, see section on special conditions
Safety standards
EN/IEC 61800-5-1, UL 508C
EMC standards, Emission
EN 61800-3, EN 61000-6-3/4, EN 55011, IEC 61800-3
EN 61800-3, EN 61000-6-1/2, EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5, EN
EMC standards, Immunity
61000-4-6
8.3 Acoustic Noise
The acoustic noise from the frequency converter comes
from 3 sources:
1.
DC intermediate circuit coils
2.
Integral fan
3.
RFI filter choke
The typical values measured at a distance of 1m from the
unit:
Frame
Level [dBA]
H1
57.3
H2
59.5
H3
53.8
H4
64
H5
63.7
H6
63.2
H7
67.5 (75kW 71.5 dB)
H8
71.4
88
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Index
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Index
DANGEROUS VOLTAGE......................................................................... 8
Data Types Supported By The Frequency Converter.............. 68
A
DC Brake................................................................................................... 78
Abbreviations........................................................................................... 4
Decoupling Plate.................................................................................. 40
Acoustic Noise....................................................................................... 88
Definitions................................................................................................. 5
Aggressive Environments.................................................................. 10
Differential Pressure............................................................................ 22
Air Humidity........................................................................................... 10
Digital
Inputs................................................................................................... 86
Output.................................................................................................. 87
Alpha Numeric Display....................................................................... 54
Analog
Inputs.......................................................................................... 5, 87, 6
Output.................................................................................................. 87
DISCHARGE TIME..................................................................................... 8
Disposal Instruction............................................................................... 9
Application Examples......................................................................... 15
Drive Configurator............................................................................... 41
B
E
Balancing Contractor.......................................................................... 21
Earth Leakage Current........................................................................ 34
Better Control........................................................................................ 13
Electrical
Installation In General.................................................................... 48
Overview............................................................................................. 47
Break-away Torque................................................................................. 5
Building Management System, BMS............................................. 12
Bypass Frequency Ranges................................................................. 18
EMC
Directive 89/336/EEC...................................................................... 10
Precautions........................................................................................ 65
EMC-Correct Electrical Installation................................................. 51
C
Cable Lengths And Cross Sections................................................. 86
Emission Requirements...................................................................... 31
Caution....................................................................................................... 8
Energy Savings............................................................................... 13, 11
CAV System............................................................................................. 17
Evaporator Flow Rate.......................................................................... 20
CE Conformity And Labelling............................................................. 9
Example Of Energy Savings.............................................................. 11
Central VAV Systems........................................................................... 15
Extreme Running Conditions........................................................... 35
Changes Made................................................................................ 55, 61
Closed Loop Set-up Wizard.......................................... 55, 28, 59, 60
F
Coasting....................................................................................... 79, 5, 78
FC
Profile................................................................................................... 77
With Modbus RTU............................................................................ 65
Comparison Of Energy Savings....................................................... 12
Feedback Conversion......................................................................... 24
Condenser Pumps................................................................................ 19
Field Mounting...................................................................................... 47
Connecting To Mains And Motor................................................... 49
Flow Meter.............................................................................................. 21
Constant Air Volume........................................................................... 17
Freeze Output.......................................................................................... 5
Control
Card, 10V DC Output...................................................................... 87
Card, 24V DC Output...................................................................... 87
Card, RS-485 Serial Communication......................................... 87
Potential.............................................................................................. 22
Structure Closed Loop.................................................................... 24
Structure Open Loop...................................................................... 23
Terminals............................................................................................. 53
Word..................................................................................................... 77
Frequency
Converter Hardware Set-up......................................................... 64
Converter Set-up.............................................................................. 66
Converter With Modbus RTU....................................................... 70
CO2 Sensor.............................................................................................. 17
Controlling Fans And Pumps........................................................... 11
Cooling Tower Fan............................................................................... 18
Copyright, Limitation Of Liability And Revision Rights............. 3
D
Function Codes Supported By Modbus RTU.............................. 74
Fuses.......................................................................................................... 50
G
Galvanic Isolation................................................................................. 34
General
Aspects Of EMC Emissions............................................................ 30
Aspects Of Harmonics Emission................................................. 33
Specifications.................................................................................... 86
Dampers................................................................................................... 16
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
89
Index
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
H
Harmonics
Emission Requirements................................................................. 33
Test Results (Emission)................................................................... 33
Hold Output Frequency..................................................................... 78
How
To Control The Frequency Converter....................................... 73
To Order.............................................................................................. 41
To Programme.................................................................................. 54
Modbus
Communication................................................................................ 65
Exception Codes............................................................................... 74
RTU Overview.................................................................................... 69
Moment Of Inertia................................................................................ 35
Motor
Output (U, V, W)................................................................................ 86
Phases.................................................................................................. 35
Protection........................................................................................... 86
Set-up............................................................................................ 55, 61
Thermal Protection................................................................... 80, 35
Motor-generated Over-voltage....................................................... 35
I
IGVs............................................................................................................ 16
Immunity Requirements.................................................................... 34
Index (IND).............................................................................................. 68
Initialise The Frequency Converter................................................ 62
Installation At High Altitudes............................................................. 8
Intermediate Circuit...................................................................... 35, 88
IP21/TYPE 1 Enclosure Kit.................................................................. 39
Multiple Pumps..................................................................................... 22
N
Navigation Keys And Indicator Lights (LEDs)............................. 54
Network
Configuration.................................................................................... 70
Connection......................................................................................... 64
O
Operation Keys And Indicator Lights (LEDs)............................... 54
J
Jog......................................................................................................... 5, 78
L
Laws Of Proportionality...................................................................... 11
LCP
LCP........................................................................................................... 6
Copy...................................................................................................... 62
Leakage Current.................................................................................... 35
Length (LGE)........................................................................................... 66
Literature.................................................................................................... 3
Local
(Hand On) And Remote (Auto On) Control............................. 23
Control Panel (LCP).......................................................................... 54
Speed Determination..................................................................... 21
Options And Accessories............................................................ 37, 43
Overcurrent Protection...................................................................... 50
P
Parameter
Number (PNU)................................................................................... 68
Values................................................................................................... 75
Pay Back Period..................................................................................... 13
PELV - Protective Extra Low Voltage.............................................. 34
Power Factor............................................................................................. 7
Primary Pumps...................................................................................... 20
Programmable Minimum Frequency Setting............................ 18
Programming With MCT 10 Set-up Software............................. 54
Low Evaporator Temperature.......................................................... 20
Protection
Protection...................................................................... 10, 34, 35, 50
And Features...................................................................................... 86
M
Protocol Overview................................................................................ 65
Main Menu.............................................................................................. 61
Public Supply Network....................................................................... 33
Mains
Drop-out.............................................................................................. 35
Supply..................................................................................................... 7
Supply (L1, L2, L3)............................................................................ 86
Supply 3 X 200-240V AC................................................................ 81
Supply 3 X 380-480VAC.......................................................... 82, 84
Supply 3 X 525-600VAC................................................................. 85
Pump Impeller....................................................................................... 19
Manual PI Adjustment........................................................................ 30
Q
Quick
Menu..................................................................................................... 55
Transfer Of Parameter Settings Between Multiple Frequency Converters...... 62
Mechanical Front Views..................................................................... 45
Menu Key................................................................................................. 54
Menus....................................................................................................... 55
90
R
Rated Motor Speed................................................................................ 5
RCD........................................................................................................ 6, 35
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Index
VLT HVAC Basic Drive Design Guide
Read Holding Registers (03 HEX).................................................... 76
VAV............................................................................................................ 15
Read-out And Programming Of Indexed Parameters............. 62
Vibration And Shock............................................................................ 10
Recommended Initialisation............................................................ 62
Vibrations................................................................................................ 18
Reference Handling............................................................................. 25
VVCplus....................................................................................................... 7
Relay Output.......................................................................................... 87
Residual Current Device..................................................................... 35
RS-485 Installation And Set-up........................................................ 64
S
Safety
Note......................................................................................................... 8
Regulations........................................................................................... 8
W
What
Is CE Conformity And Labelling?................................................... 9
Is Covered.............................................................................................. 9
Wizard For Open Loop Applications............................................. 55
Secondary Pumps................................................................................. 22
Serial Communication Port................................................................. 5
Short Circuit (Motor Phase – Phase).............................................. 35
Side-by-Side Installation.................................................................... 46
Soft-starter.............................................................................................. 13
Software Version..................................................................................... 3
Star/Delta Starter.................................................................................. 13
Start-up Wizard For Open Loop Applications..................... 55, 57
Status
Status.................................................................................................... 55
Word..................................................................................................... 79
Surroundings......................................................................................... 88
Switching
On The Input Supply....................................................................... 86
On The Output.................................................................................. 35
Symbols...................................................................................................... 4
T
The
EMC Directive (89/336/EEC)............................................................ 9
Low-voltage Directive (73/23/EEC).............................................. 9
Machinery Directive (98/37/EEC).................................................. 9
Thermistor................................................................................................. 6
Throttling Valve..................................................................................... 19
Tuning The Drive Closed Loop Controller................................... 29
Two Finger Initialization.................................................................... 63
Type Code String.................................................................................. 42
U
UL Compliance...................................................................................... 51
UNINTENDED START.............................................................................. 8
Using A Frequency Converter Saves Money............................... 14
V
Variable
Air Volume.......................................................................................... 15
Control Of Flow And Pressure..................................................... 13
Varying Flow Over 1 Year................................................................... 13
MG.18.C2.02 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
91
www.danfoss.com/drives
130R0222
MG18C202
*MG18C202*
Rev. 2011-03-18
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