Painting Season Primer Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep It’s painting season.™ Paint smart.™ We’ll show you how. Professional Tips For Faster, Smarter Painting Projects ® Paint Fast. Paint Smart. Painting Season Primer www.wagnerspraytech.com It’s painting season. Painting Season Primer www.wagnerspraytech.com Contents TM First, a refresher..................................................... 2 - 3 Yes, painting season. It’s that time of year when the days grow longer and we’ve got the three-day weekends to make the most of it. It’s the time of year when we paint. Prep and cleanup.................................................. 4 - 10 Introduction................................................................... 4 We paint because the house hasn’t been painted in five years and it could use it. We paint because everything looks better with a fresh coat. We paint because we have no idea who chose that color, or why, but it’s got to go. We paint because the neighbors are painting. We paint because the new couch would really look great against Harvest Wheat. We paint because it’s on “the list.” We paint because we’re leaving one home for another and we want to help the “old” home find new owners. We paint because our new home is perfect but perfection can be improved upon. We paint because our family is growing. We paint because our family is growing up. We paint because we spent the whole winter wondering what it would look like painted Cardinal Red. We paint because it didn’t look so great Cardinal Red. Color and material........................................................ 5 Tool prep....................................................................... 5 Surface prep.................................................................. 6 Cleanup......................................................................... 8 Interior............................................................... 11 - 17 Introduction................................................................. 11 Tools............................................................................ 12 Doors, windows and trim............................................ 13 So this is painting season… paint. Paint something because you can. Paint something old to make it new. Paint something new to make it yours. Paint something because Wagner helps you paint it faster. Paint something because Wagner helps you paint it smarter. Whatever your reason, it’s painting season – paint something. Techniques................................................................... 14 Color considerations................................................... 16 Exterior.............................................................. 18 - 30 Paint smart. ™ Introduction................................................................. 18 A little more prep........................................................ 19 Painting....................................................................... 20 Trim tips....................................................................... 23 Staining........................................................................ 26 Five smart ideas.......................................................... 27 Read this primer cover to cover. ® Paint Fast. Paint Smart. The time it takes to read will be brief. The amount of time it saves will be vast. ® Paint Fast. Paint Smart. Painting Season Primer www.wagnerspraytech.com First, a refresher Paint types. Don’t know the difference between latex, alkyd and epoxy? We don’t blame you. Here’s a quick reference to help you choose the right paint for the job. Latex is almost the universal choice for both interior and exterior walls. It’s easy to see why. It produces beautiful, even results and all you need for cleanup is water. Look for 100% acrylic content. Take care of the painting season fundamentals and they’ll take care of you. Alkyd (formerly known as “oil-based” paint) still prevails with pros who want an enamel with high-gloss finish, slow-dry smoothness, and durability. It’s used primarily on exteriors and mineral spirits are best for cleanup. Before you begin applying paint to any surface, take the time to review the fundamentals of paint and painting. You may already know this stuff but even painting season pros can occasionally make rookie mistakes. And any misstep, no matter how small, can affect the flawless results you want. Epoxy paint typically comes in two parts (a resin and a hardener) that create a chemical reaction when mixed. The result is a very hard, shiny surface ideal for masonry and concrete surfaces like garage floors. So dig into this refresher and rediscover what it takes to paint fast and paint smart. Invest in the best tools. Primer is more than watered-down paint. You have hundreds of options for getting the job done. But there are only a few options for getting the job done right. Investing in better tools and equipment is just that – an investment in your results. Primer may look like watered-down white paint, but it is formulated to seal the surface and help the new paint adhere. Use it in the following situations: What’s your sheen? • If you are going to paint over oil-based paint with a latex paint Flat sheens are hard to clean but they really show off color. Gloss sheens clean easily but can obscure color with reflections. When choosing your sheen, decide whether ease of cleaning or true color is your highest priority. • If you are painting an area newly patched with spackle or wood filler •T o cover rust bleeds, knots, water stains or smoke damage • To ease the transition between contrasting colors •T o assure a good bond on weatherworn aluminum or steel siding •B efore painting with latex, use an alkyd primer on silicone caulk and on any vinyl siding that’s shiny or relatively new ® 2 Paint Fast. Paint Smart. 3 Painting Season Primer www.wagnerspraytech.com COLOR AND MATERIAL Prep and cleanup No. 1 Invest in quality paint. Add years of life to your paint job (and easier, better application) by using highquality materials. Painting fast and painting smart starts before you do any painting at all. It’s painting season. The days are longer. The air is warmer. And you have visions of Avocado Green and Straw Yellow. But sometimes painting season feels more like prepping season. Tedious prep work and cumbersome cleanup can steal all the fun out of fresh redecorating ideas and beautifully stained decks. No. 2 Get a real color test. Wagner believes painting season is for painting. It only comes around once a year, so we need to make the most of it. See how your color options will really look by priming and painting 2’ x 2’ samples directly on your wall. View the samples in sunlight, shadow and evening lamplight. That’s why Wagner makes the entire process faster and smarter. In fact, painting fast and painting smart starts before you do any painting at all. Prep smart and the rest of the job (including cleanup) is a snap. And Wagner has the time-saving tools and timesaving tips to make sure prepping smart means prepping fast. TOOL PREP No. 3 Go with canvas. Avoid tracking paint by using a canvas drop cloth to absorb drips and splatters without bleeding through and without transferring them to your shoes. No. 4 Embrace electricity. Prep faster (and with fewer blisters) by removing switch and receptacle plates and other hardware with an electric screwdriver. ® 4 Paint Fast. Paint Smart. 5 No. 10 No. 5 Steam wallpaper. Lose the lint. Remove old wallpaper (even layered or painted wallpaper) with the chemical-free Wagner 705 Power Steamer. As you steam, score the paper with a utility knife to help the steam penetrate the material. Remove lint from your roller cover by working over the nap with packing tape. No. 6 Prime your roller cover. Set up your cover for maximum absorption with a light spray of clean water. No. 11 Eat paint. SURFACE PREP Cut exterior prep time in half by removing peeling paint, feathering edges and abrading the surface all in one step with the Wagner PaintEater. No. 7 Bag the hardware. Keep hardware organized by dropping the fasteners from towel bars, locksets and other fittings into a small baggie. Tape the bag to the fitting. No. 8 Peel-and-strip old woodwork. Bag the fixture. Protect fixtures by placing a garbage – or dry-cleaning – bag over hanging lights or ceiling fans. Use masking tape to hold the bag in place. WARNING: Tape the switch to the “off” position so hot bulbs won’t melt the plastic. Old woodwork with built-up paint may contain lead materials. Remove the paint safely by applying a paste and plastic strip. Let the paste set. The paint should peel away when the plastic strip is removed. No. 13 Tame hairline cracks. No. 9 Plug anchor holes. Mark anchors and avoid painting over the holes by plugging them with a matchstick. 6 No. 12 Fill hairline cracks with latex painter’s caulk. Smooth with your finger or a slightly damp rag and let it set before painting. 7 Prep and clean up No. 14 No. 18 Puncture the paint can. Shape the putty. Fill cracks or nail holes in rounded molding by using a flexible kitchen spatula. It will conform to the molding, applying the putty smoothly and neatly. No. 15 Mask wall-to-wall carpeting. Protect wall-to-wall carpeting by tucking the adhesive edge of masking paper between the carpet and the wall. Use a trim guard or the Wagner Trim It as an added defense. No. 16 Turn down the heat. If it’s too cold to turn the heat off, reduce the circulation of dust and avoid uneven drying conditions by covering vent grills with plastic while you paint. Paint that stays in the rim will dry, harden and make it impossible to get an airtight seal. Let excess paint drain back into the can by puncturing three or four holes in the rim. No. 19 Save paint for next time. 1. Hammer the lid closed with a rubber mallet while placing a rag or newspaper over the lid to capture flying paint. 2. Clearly mark each paint can with a color swatch and the room or location painted. Save and organize your unused paint with the Wagner Paint Storage and Touch-Up Kit. No. 17 Watch your step. Avoid tracking paint by removing your shoes when you leave the work area or by using convenient Wagner Shoe Protectors. 8 2. 3. Create a natural seal and prevent air from drying the paint by storing the can upside down. OR CLEANUP 1. Touch-ups are inevitable. Follow these three smart tips for saving and storing your paint: 3. No. 20 Dispose paint properly. Never pour paint, stain or solvent down a drain or storm sewer. For smart disposal advice, call 1-800-CLEANUP or visit www.earth911.org. 9 Painting Season Primer Shopping List www.wagnerspraytech.com Interior Get a fresh look with a fresh coat. Behr Premium Plus paint Putty Canvas drop cloths Kitchen spatula Electric rotary screwdriver Masking paper Packing tape Trim guard, Wagner Trim-It Spray bottle Wagner Shoe Protectors Small bags, baggies Hammer and #X XXXX nails Plastic sheeting, garbage bags Rubber mallet Painter’s tape, Wagner Mask-It tape applicator Sash saw Matchsticks Wood chisel Wagner 705 Power Steamer Clean rags Putty knife Utility knife Coarse, medium and fine sandpaper Wagner PaintEater Foam roller cover Paste Tinted primer Plastic strip Wagner Paint Storage and Touch-Up Kit Latex painter’s caulk This painting season, give your home a new look. You don’t have to pack up and move. You don’t have to invest time and money in a lengthy redecorating process. All you have to do is paint. If you’ve always wondered what the living room would look like in a vibrant Cardinal Red, find out. If you’ve noticed a little peeling in the bathroom, put a stop to it. If the kids are asking for a new room, indulge them. With Wagner, it’s fast and easy to make an “old” home look like new or to turn a tired room into an entirely new and exciting space. And if you are moving, paint. Paint the home you’re selling to improve its value. Paint the home you’re buying to make it feel like “home.” There are a lot of reasons to paint this painting season. With Wagner at your side, there are a lot of ways to make the entire process faster and smarter. Caulk gun ® 8 Paint Fast. Paint Smart. Doors, Windows and Trim TOOLS No. 21 Freeze the cover. Keep roller covers from drying out between uses by storing them in a plastic bag in the freezer. Thaw the cover by running it (in the bag) under warm water. No. 22 Extend your reach and coverage. Reach high walls and ceilings, get more leverage and stop for refills less often with the extended paint container handle on the Wagner Paintmate Plus roller. No. 23 No. 25 Spray or roll the doors. Get quick results and a smooth finish by power spraying or rolling interior doors: (A) R emove the door (label each on the hinge edge), detach the hardware and fasten the door to a stepladder as shown. OR (B) S uspend the door between two sawhorses by fastening screws in the top and bottom edge. No. 26 Pull the cover in the corner. In masked corners, the plastic insert in the roller can leave a ridge. Soften the edge by pulling the cover an inch or so off the roller. Saw the sash. Use a sash saw to release sash windows that are painted shut. You might need a putty knife or wood chisel to complete the job. No. 24 Add some texture. Apply professional knockdown, orange peel or popcorn texture with the Wagner Power Tex texture sprayer. The integrated air turbine does away with external air compressors and long unwieldy hoses. 12 No. 27 Combo the cabinets. Paint cabinets with a combo paint/spray approach. Remove, sand and power spray the doors (backs first, then fronts) and drawer fronts. Use the Wagner Control Spray to apply thin layers with low overspray. Then paint the stiles and cabinet sides in place, using a foam roller. 13 TECHNIQUES No. 28 14 No. 29 No. 30 Paint top down. Roll a “W.” Keep a wet edge. Paint the walls, beginning with an upper corner and work downward. Feed paint directly from the can to the wall with the Wagner Roll ’N Go Power Roller. Get even coverage by applying paint in a large “W” (3 to 4 feet in height). Fill in the “W” without lifting the roller. Avoid seams by overlapping a wet edge as you paint and by finishing the entire ceiling or wall once you’ve begun. If you stop midway, you’ll leave a seam. No. 31 Apply a floor-toceiling finish. Cover the area using the “W” technique. Then give your wall a seamless finish with long floor-to-ceiling strokes using a lightly loaded roller. 15 No. 32 Pull the tape before it’s too late. Pull masking tape back on itself when the paint is tacky – not wet, not dry – to get the cleanest edge. If the paint is dry, you’ll likely tear off some of the paint. No. 33 Fill the gaps. Apply a thin bead of latex painter’s caulk in gaps between the baseboard and the wall. Once painted, the result is seamless. COLOR CONSIDERATIONS No. 34 Cover intense color. Bridge the hue gap between the old and new color with a tinted primer. It could save you an additional coat of paint. No. 35 Keep faux low-contrast. Use a low-contrast combination (tan on taupe, for instance) when painting a faux finish. They are generally more successful than high contrast (tan on yellow). 16 Shopping List Plastic bags Box of #X x 3” wood screws Wagner PaintMate Plus Roller Sawhorses (x2) Wagner Roll ‘N Go Power Roller Putty knife Extra roller covers Wood chisel Sash saw Wagner Control Spray Wagner Power Tex Texture Sprayer Texture material Coarse, medium and fine sandpaper Foam roller cover Hammer Flat head screwdriver Painter’s tape, Wagner Mask-It tape applicator Electric rotary screwdriver Latex painter’s caulk X’ tall stepladder Caulk gun X’ length of utility grade 1” x 4” Tinted primer Don’t forget the paint. Use this chart to select the best paint sheen for your projects. Interior Bedroom/Living/ Dining Room Kid’s Room Hallway Kitchen/Bath Doors/Trim Cabinets Ceiling Flat Semi-Flat Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Semi-Gloss Gloss Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Stain Latex Latex Latex 17 Painting Season Primer www.wagnerspraytech.com A Little More Prep Exterior No. 36 Mask as you go. When covering windows, doors and trim, mask only what you will paint that day. Plastic left overnight can blow off or peel away. Everything changes color (or grows brighter) in painting season. The grass is greener. Trees sprout their leaves. Flowers bloom and gardens boast a host of vibrant reds, yellows and greens. Nature adds a fresh coat and it’s the perfect time of year for us to do the same. No. 37 Maybe the deck is showing the wear of a rough winter. Perhaps the siding is fading in its ongoing battle against the sun. It could be that a small touch like changing the color of the shutters (and the front door) is just what your home needs. The dog has been attacking the finish on the fence. The picnic table and the swing set have seen better days. Or maybe you’re ready for a complete exterior makeover. Save your plants. Cover your plants with fabric drop cloths only. Plastic will create a green house effect that can damage plants. Whatever the reason, it’s painting season. The world comes alive when nature adds new color. Your home will do the same when you add a fresh coat. With Wagner tools and these fast, smart painting tips, you won’t spend all summer doing it. No. 38 Control Damage. Because of chalking, blistering and other surface damage, most homes need spot scraping and sanding. More serious problems may require complete removal of old paint, patching and/or replacing siding and trim, and tracking any source of moisture damage. Before painting, use the Wagner PaintEater to help create a stable, clean and dry surface. ® Paint Fast. Paint Smart. 19 No. 39 No. 42 Wash with power. Use a shield. Power washing is a fast way to remove loose paint and dirt. While it is not a stripping tool, you may find that power washing combined with some spot scraping and sanding will be enough to prep your house. Protect hard-to-mask areas (without slowing down) by using a handheld spray shield. You can make your own from a 2’ x 3’ piece of hardboard. 1. Stake plants away from the exterior of the house and cover them with drop cloths. 2. Cover all electrical fixtures. 3. Do not spray within 10 feet of power lines. 4. Hold the wand end at least 12 inches from the house. No. 43 5. Never spray under siding. Practice perfect spray technique. PAINTING Like any tool, a Wagner Power Painter performs best when used correctly. Remember these five tips: No. 40 Get versatile. Go from painting to staining in a snap with the Wagner Power Painter Wideshot MAX. The innovative LockN-Go™ technology lets you change materials or colors on the fly while getting your painting and staining finished in a fraction of the time. No. 41 “Hire” the crew. If you’ve got a big job (or lots of them), get the powerful Wagner Paint Crew. The 2,750 PSI piston pump sprayer can distribute a gallon of paint every five minutes while giving your project a professional quality finish. 20 1. 1. Keep the sprayer in motion before and after you pull the trigger. 2. Point the gun away from the wall. Pull the trigger. Then swing in to about 12 inches from the surface. 2. 3. Move the sprayer back and forth so the line of spray is always perpendicular to the surface. 4. Overlap the spray by about a third – the paint is heaviest in the center of the spray pattern. 5. Get the best finish by spraying multiple thin coats rather than a few heavy ones. 3. 4. 21 No. 44 No. 48 Paint with an installment plan. Painting your house is a big job. Lighten your load by painting in installments with a Wagner Power Painter. Attack the sunny side of the house first and work your way around the house until you’ve covered every side. Roll the foundation. Use the Wagner Paintmate Plus roller when painting your masonry foundation. The long nap on the roller head will ensure the smoothest coat and the power trigger technology will keep you rolling with a simple squeeze. No. 45 Use natural stopping points. Whenever painting large areas, avoid seams and overlaps by painting all the way to the end of a wall or into a corner. No. 46 Spray from two directions. To get complete coverage, sheet siding with vertical channels or board-and-batten siding should be sprayed from two directions. No. 47 Don’t forget the lower edge. With lap siding and shingle siding, coat the face of the siding and then spray from below to cover the lower edge of each course. 22 No. 49 Back roll sheet siding after spraying. To smooth out spray seams and thoroughly work paint into the surface, use a roller after spraying. This is called “back rolling.” No. 50 Go from painting to staining in a snap. If you have multiple painting or staining projects in one day, use the Wagner Power Painter with Lock ’N Go technology. It allows you to easily change paint/stain cartridges so you can keep painting and make the most of your day. 23 No. 51 No. 54 Give yourself enough drying time. When painting in high humidity or if dew is expected, allow your paint to dry for at least two hours before sunset. TRIM TIPS Make it two for the trim. No. 52 Paint windows and trim first. If you really want to paint fast and smart, take care of the details first. Apply paint to windows and trim before tackling the siding. That way you’ll avoid ladder marks in fresh paint. Consider a two-person approach to trim. Have one person cover the flat areas with a four-inch roller cover while the second painter hits the trim details with a two-inch sash brush. No. 53 Flat-out easy. Sidestep the difficulty of painting edges of trim where it meets the siding. Use the siding color on the edges and paint the flats of the trim with the trim color. 24 No. 55 Spray complex shapes and deep textures. It’s best to use a sprayer for complex shapes like gingerbread and lattice. Sprayers are also ideal for coating cedar shingles and deeptextured stucco. 25 Staining No. 60 No. 56 Mix well. If you need more than one container of stain, mix them together to ensure color uniformity. No. 57 Freshen it up. To get rid of the greens and tans of pressure-treated lumber or to freshen a weathered deck, spray on a semitransparent stain. Use a hand pump sprayer for small decks and a power sprayer for larger areas. Don’t forget to prep with a deck brightener. Five Smart Ideas Catch the overspray. When spraying fences or lattice, lean a couple of pieces of inexpensive sheet goods (hardboard or oriented-strand board) against the back to catch any overspray. No. 61 Prune your plants. Allow a minimum of a one-foot gap between trees and bushes and your house. Plants can hold moisture against a house, causing mold and rot. The gap allows drying air to flow freely, extending the life of your paint job. No. 58 Condition the trim. Even out stain penetration on trim with blotchy, uneven grain by first coating the trim with a conditioner. You can also use a gel stain to float the stain on the surface of the wood. No. 59 Disguise those imperfections. Hide nail holes and other blemishes on finished woodwork with stainable putty. It won’t absorb stain exactly like the wood, but it’ll be close. 26 No. 62 Grab the ladder by the horns. Reduce the chance of an accident, protect siding and avoid denting gutters by using a stand-off ladder stabilizer (sometimes called “horns”). 27 No. 63 Shopping List Install shutter spacers. Reduce the accumulation of dirt and debris behind shutters and lessen the risk of staining or rot by installing shutter spacers. As you remount the shutters, push the mounting screw through a one-inch length 1/4-inch aluminum tubing. No. 64 Keep the sash moving. Avoid loading paint into the crevice between a window sash and frame. To keep the sash from drying shut, move it several times as it dries (using a putty knife as necessary). Painter’s masking tape Box of 3” deck screws Plastic sheeting Sash saw Canvas drop cloths Putty knife Wagner Power Painter WideShot MAX Wood chisel Wagner Paint Crew Coarse, medium and fine sand paper Hardboard (2’ x 3’) Foam roller cover Scrap sheet goods Wood conditioner Painter’s tape, Wagner Mask-It tape applicator Wood putty Latex painter’s caulk Pruning sheers Caulk gun Extension ladder Tinted primer Stand-off ladder stabilizer Wagner PaintEater 1/4”Aluminum tubing 2” sash brush Putty knife Wagner Paintmate Plus 7’ Wooden stepladder Don’t forget the paint. Use this chart to select the best paint sheen for your projects. No. 65 Exterior Make an easel. Avoid the back-breaking task of leaning over a sawhorse to paint window storms, sashes and shutters by creating an easel out of a ladder and two clamps. Wood Siding Metal Siding* Vinyl Siding* Masonry Concrete Outdoor Furniture/ Railings Doors Gutters Porch and Step Deck *Use alkyd primer 28 Flat Semi-Flat Semi-Gloss Gloss Stain Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex Latex/Epoxy Latex/Epoxy Latex Latex Alkyd Latex Latex Latex Alkyd Latex Latex Latex Latex Sprayers Surface Prep Wagner has the right tools for every painting project. Tools & Supplies Rollers No. 66 If you’ve got a painting project, Wagner has the tools. See the full line of fast, smart Wagner solutions at WagnerSprayTech.com. ® Paint Fast. Paint Smart.