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SURF Motion Media Platform User Guide
Orion-VX1000 User Manual
Version 2.2.1
Document Version: 2.2.1.13
November 2013
www.surf-com.com
a
Orion-VX1000 User Manual
Copyright © 2005-2013, SURF Communication Solutions Ltd.
This document contains confidential and proprietary information of SURF Communication Solutions Ltd., henceforth referred
to as “SURF.” All rights reserved. No part of this documentation may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to
make any derivative work (such as translation, transformation, or adaptation) without written permission from SURF
Communication Solutions.
SURF reserves the right to revise this document, and to make changes therein, from time to time without providing
notification of such revision or change.
This document contains descriptive information regarding the subject matter herein, and is not an offer to purchase or
license any products or services of, or from SURF. SURF expressly disclaims any and all representations or warranties,
expressed or implied herein, including but not limited to warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The
licensing or sale of any product or service by or of SURF shall only be made in accordance with, and subject to the terms of,
an agreement for the relevant product or service, to be signed by both the customer and SURF or its authorized agent or
representative. Consequently, SURF shall carry no liability to any such customer based on this document, the information
contained herein, or the omission of any other information.
Trademarks
The name “SURF Communication Solutions” is a registered trademark of SURF Communication Solutions Ltd.
Any other trademarks, trade names, service marks or service names owned or registered by any other company and used
herein are the property of their respective owners.
SURF Communication Solutions, Ltd.
Tavor Building, P.O. Box 343
Yokne’am 20692 Israel
Tel: +972 (0)73 714-0700
Fax: +972 (0)4 959-4055
Web site
http://www.orionmcu.com/
Email
orion@surfsolutions.com
Orion-VX1000 User Manual
Table of Contents
1.
About This Manual ............................................................................................................... 6
2.
Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 7
2.1 Functionality ....................................................................................................................... 7
2.2
3.
4.
Main Capabilities ................................................................................................................ 7
Topologies ............................................................................................................................ 9
3.1 Topology 1 - Orion-VX1000 via SIP PBX .............................................................................. 9
3.2
Topology 2 - Orion-VX1000 via H.323 PBX/Gatekeeper ................................................... 10
3.3
Topology 3 - Orion-VX1000 via PBX and Direct Connectivity ........................................... 11
3.4
Topology 4 - Direct Interaction with Orion-VX1000 ......................................................... 12
3.5
Topology 5 - Connectivity with External Networks .......................................................... 13
3.6
Topology 6 - NAT Traversal Capabilities with Orion-VX1000 ........................................... 14
3.7
Topology 7 - Connectivity with Remote Endpoints .......................................................... 15
Physical Overview............................................................................................................... 16
4.1 Description........................................................................................................................ 16
4.2
System Physical Interface ................................................................................................. 16
4.2.1 Buttons .................................................................................................................. 16
4.2.2 LEDs ....................................................................................................................... 16
4.2.3 I/O Ports ................................................................................................................ 17
5.
Getting Started ................................................................................................................... 18
6.
Administration and Configuration ....................................................................................... 20
6.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 20
6.2
Login ................................................................................................................................. 20
6.3
Main Menu ....................................................................................................................... 21
6.4
User Management ............................................................................................................ 22
6.4.1 Multi-Tier Partitioning .......................................................................................... 22
6.4.2 Users’ Levels (Roles).............................................................................................. 22
6.4.3 Sorting and Filtering .............................................................................................. 23
6.4.4 Creating a New User ............................................................................................. 23
6.4.5 Modifying User Information ................................................................................. 24
6.4.6 Deleting a User ...................................................................................................... 24
6.5
System Parameter Settings............................................................................................... 24
6.5.1 Configuring Network Settings ............................................................................... 24
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6.5.2 SIP Configuration .................................................................................................. 27
6.5.3 H.323 Settings ....................................................................................................... 33
6.5.4 Configuring Access Numbers ................................................................................ 35
6.5.5 Date and Time ....................................................................................................... 38
6.6
Maintenance ..................................................................................................................... 39
6.6.1 NFS Settings .......................................................................................................... 41
6.6.2 Start Diagnostic Trace ........................................................................................... 41
6.7
7.
Upgrade ............................................................................................................................ 42
Conferences........................................................................................................................ 45
7.1 Summary ........................................................................................................................... 45
7.2
Conference Settings .......................................................................................................... 46
7.2.1 Opening the Conference Settings Window........................................................... 46
7.2.2 Sorting and Filtering .............................................................................................. 47
7.2.3 Creating a Conference .......................................................................................... 48
7.2.4 Other Conference Actions..................................................................................... 48
8.
9.
7.3
Conferencing Parameters ................................................................................................. 49
7.4
Dialing Options ................................................................................................................. 51
Leader Dashboard............................................................................................................... 53
8.1 Leader’s Capabilities ......................................................................................................... 53
8.2
Leader Login...................................................................................................................... 53
8.3
Main Screen ...................................................................................................................... 54
8.4
Layouts .............................................................................................................................. 56
8.5
Show Statistics .................................................................................................................. 56
8.6
Calling Participants ........................................................................................................... 57
Firewall and NAT ................................................................................................................ 60
9.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 60
9.2
Topologies......................................................................................................................... 60
9.2.1 Orion-VX1000 in a DMZ ........................................................................................ 60
9.2.2 Orion-VX1000 behind a NAT ................................................................................. 61
9.3
Firewall/NAT Settings ....................................................................................................... 61
9.3.1 Blocking Ports........................................................................................................ 61
9.3.2 Enabling SIP and H.323 Sessions ........................................................................... 61
9.3.3 RTP Traffic Ports Range ......................................................................................... 62
9.4
NAT Traversal in Orion-VX1000 ........................................................................................ 62
9.4.1 Near-End NAT Traversal ........................................................................................ 62
9.4.2 Orion-VX1000 Setting for Near-End NAT Traversal .............................................. 63
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9.4.3 Far-End NAT Traversal........................................................................................... 64
10.
Appendix-A: Precautions & Safety ...................................................................................... 65
10.1 Rack Precautions............................................................................................................... 65
10.2 Server Precautions ............................................................................................................ 65
10.3 System Safety ................................................................................................................... 65
10.3.1 Electrical Safety Precautions ................................................................................. 65
10.3.2 General Safety Precautions ................................................................................... 66
11.
Appendix-B- Rack Mounting ............................................................................................... 67
12.
Appendix C- Technical Specification .................................................................................... 69
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Orion-VX1000 User Manual
1. About This Manual
This manual provides detailed guidance on the use of the Orion-VX1000. It includes a description
of the product, its functionality, features, configuration, and operation.
Feedback:
The SURF Technical Support Center is at your service. You may access Warranty Service through
our Web Request Form by using the following link: www.orionmcu.com/support
We are committed to constant and perpetual improvement. Your input will greatly help us in our
endeavor.
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2. Introduction
2.1
Functionality
Orion-VX1000 provides SIP and H.323 video and audio conferencing services for SMBs and
enterprises. The product is a ready-to-use, stand-alone network appliance. The Orion-VX1000’s
web-based management system offers easy system configuration, conference creation,
monitoring and conference control in real time.
2.2
Main Capabilities
Orion-VX1000 offers the following capabilities:

SIP and H.323 based: Orion-VX1000 is a SIP and H.323 based conferencing system.

HD conferencing: Orion offers wideband HD voice and HD video in resolutions of up to 720p.

Mixing: A variety of conferencing devices are bridged by Orion’s advanced audio/video mixing
and adapting capabilities. Participants receive video and audio streams that are adapted to their
device’s media characteristics - codecs, rates, frame size and resolution.

Video/voice characteristics:
Voice codecs: G.711a, G.711u, G.722, G.722.11
Video codecs: H.264, MPEG4, H.263
Video resolution: Up to 720p/30fps

Conference Management: Conferences can be managed by a leader, or set as automated ad-hoc
conference rooms.
1
This product includes ITU-T G.722.1 (Polycom(R) Siren7TM) technology.
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
Leader Dashboard: The Orion-VX1000 “Leader Dashboard”, enables conference leaders to
manage the conference. Upon logging into the Leader Dashboard, the leader can invite
participants, modify conference parameters (such as mute and dominant speaker), and
revoke/disconnect participants from the conference and view conference information.

Multiple Access Numbers: Orion-VX1000 supports multiple access numbers. The Orion-VX1000’s
access numbers are pre-provisioned, and are dialed by conference participants directly or
indirectly via their serving PBX.

Multiple Video Layout Options: Equal-presence and dominant-based layouts are supported in
the system. These layouts are modified automatically, when a participant enters or leaves the
conference.

VIP Participants: Orion-VX1000 allows VIP participants to join a conference without PIN code
authentication.

Registration: Orion-VX1000 is provisioned for registration as a SIP endpoint in the network. An
authentication option is provisioned for each registration process. SIP clients may register to
Orion-VX1000’s built-in SIP registrar.

Content Sharing: Orion-VX1000 supports H.239, the H.323 content sharing standard and SIPbased content sharing in conjunction with Orion-O desktop client.

NAT Traversal: Orion-VX1000 provides near-end and far-end NAT traversal, enabling
connectivity between entities (Orion-VX1000 / SIP or H.323 clients) which are behind not-SIP or
H.323-aware NATs and firewalls.
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3. Topologies
This section describes the network topologies supported by Orion-VX1000.
3.1
Topology 1 - Orion-VX1000 via SIP PBX
As shown below in Figure ‎3-1, the participants’ connectivity with Orion-VX1000 is provided via the
PBX that provides SIP registrar services to the users. In order to enhance existing services for
multimedia conferencing, the PBX interacts with Orion-VX1000 using SIP.
Figure ‎3-1: Topology 1 - Orion-VX1000 via SIP PBX
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
All SIP endpoints at the enterprise register with the PBX.
The PBX supports SIP Signaling
The Orion-VX1000 registers as an extension or is configured as a trunk in the PBX.
Orion-VX1000 provides Mixing/Bridging/Switching and signaling interoperability.
Voice-only clients can also participate in a video conference, making it a mixed Voice/Video conference.
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3.2
Topology 2 - Orion-VX1000 via H.323
PBX/Gatekeeper
As shown below in Figure ‎3-2, the participants’ connectivity with Orion-VX1000 is provided via the
PBX/Gatekeeper that provides H.323 registration services to the users. In order to enhance existing
services for multimedia conferencing, the PBX/Gatekeeper interacts with Orion-VX1000 using H.323.
Figure ‎3-2: Topology 2 - Orion-VX1000 via H.323 PBX/Gatekeeper
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The H.323 endpoints at the enterprise register with the PBX/Gatekeeper.
The PBX/Gatekeeper supports H.323 Signaling
The Orion-VX1000 registers as an extension or is configured as a trunk in the PBX/Gatekeeper.
Orion-VX1000 provides Mixing/Bridging/Switching and signaling interoperability.
Voice-only clients can also participate in a video conference, making it a mixed Voice/Video conference.
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3.3
Topology 3 - Orion-VX1000 via PBX and
Direct Connectivity
As shown below in Figure ‎3-3, the participants join the conference either through Orion-VX1000 or
the PBX.
Figure ‎3-3: Topology 3 - Orion-VX1000 via PBX and Direct Connectivity
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
SIP endpoints are registered with the Orion-VX1000 internal SIP registrar or the PBX.
The PBX supports SIP Signaling
The Orion-VX1000 registers as an extension or is configured as a trunk in the PBX.
SIP endpoints can call through the PBX, Orion-VX1000 registrar or directly to the Orion-VX1000
Orion-VX1000 provides Mixing/Bridging/Switching and signaling interoperability.
SIP endpoints can also connect directly using direct dialing (without registration)
Voice-only clients can also participate in a video conference, making it a mixed Voice/Video conference.
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3.4
Topology 4 - Direct Interaction with OrionVX1000
As shown below in Figure ‎3-4, the participants interact directly with the Orion-VX1000, via SIP, to
connect to a conference room. The participants’ PIN numbers and access codes are pre-provisioned
through Orion’s web-based management system.
Figure ‎3-4: Topology 4 - Direct Interaction with Orion-VX1000
1.
2.
3.
4.
Endpoints may be registered with the Orion-VX1000 SIP registrar.
SIP endpoints can call through the Orion-VX1000 registrar or directly to the Orion-VX1000 (without
registration).
Orion-VX1000 provides Mixing/Bridging/Switching and signaling interoperability.
Voice-only endpoints can also participate in a video conference, making it a mixed Voice/Video conference.
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3.5
Topology 5 - Connectivity with External
Networks
As shown below in Figure ‎3-5, the connectivity between conference participants in an enterprise
network and participants on public networks is provided through Orion-VX1000.
Figure ‎3-5: Topology 5 - Connectivity with External Networks
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All SIP Endpoints register with the PBX.
The PBX supports SIP Signaling.
The Orion-VX1000 registers as an extension or is configured as a trunk in the PBX.
Endpoints can also connect via the external network.
Orion-VX1000 provides Mixing/Bridging/Switching and signaling interoperability.
Voice-only clients can also participate in a video conference, making it a mixed Voice/Video conference.
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3.6
Topology 6 - NAT Traversal Capabilities with
Orion-VX1000
As shown below in Figure ‎3-6, Orion-VX1000 provides NAT Traversal capabilities. The system may be
located in a DMZ, with a public or private IP address, or in a LAN with a private address. In the below
topology the participants and Orion-VX1000 are located in two separate, remote LANs:
Figure ‎3-6: NAT Traversal Capabilities
1.
2.
3.
4.
Endpoints can register with the Orion-VX1000 SIP registrar or to the PBX
Remote office (LAN 1) can be connected to the Orion-VX1000 using built-in NAT Traversal capabilities.
Orion-VX1000 provides mixing/bridging/switching, signaling interoperability and NAT translation.
Voice-only endpoints can also participate in a video conference, making it a mixed voice/video conference
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3.7
Topology 7 - Connectivity with Remote
Endpoints
As shown below in Figure ‎3-7, Orion-VX1000 is located behind a NAT, with a private IP address. The
participants interact directly with the Orion-VX1000, via SIP, to set and initiate a conferencing
session.
Figure ‎3-7: Connectivity with Remote Endpoints
1.
2.
3.
4.
All SIP Endpoints at the enterprise register to the PBX or the Orion-VX1000
The LAN firewall / router must have port forwarding configured to the Orion-VX1000
Remote employees connect to the conference call by registering with the Orion-VX1000.
Orion-VX1000 provides mixing/bridging/switching, signaling interoperability and NAT translation.
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4. Physical Overview
4.1
Description
The front view of the Orion-VX1000 is depicted in Figure ‎4-1 below.
Figure ‎4-1: Orion-VX1000 Front View
4.2
System Physical Interface
The system physical interface of Orion-VX1000 includes panel-based buttons, LEDs and I/O
ports.
4.2.1
Buttons
There are two push buttons located on the front of the chassis: reset and power on/off buttons.
Reset - The Reset button reboots the system.
Power - The Power button is used to turn on and turn off the system. Turning off the
system eliminates the main power but maintains standby power. In order to service
the system, the server should be shut down and the AC power cord should be
unplugged.
4.2.2
LEDs
The two control panel LEDs is located at the front of the chassis and provide information related
to following system functions.
HDD - Indicates hard drive activity when flashing.
Power - Indicates power is being supplied to the system. This LED is illuminated
when the system is operating.
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4.2.3
I/O Ports
The front panel has 2x USB2 ports, as shown in Figure ‎4-2:
Figure ‎4-2: Front Panel Ports
Figure ‎4-3 shows a representation of the Orion-VX1000 I/O ports as they apper on the rear of
the chassis.
Figure ‎4-3: Rear Panel Ports
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5. Getting Started
Step 1: Follow the precautionary and safety instructions
Follow the precautionary and system safety instructions that appear in Appendix A of this User
Manual. To install the system, choose a clean, dust-free area that is well ventilated. Avoid areas
where heat, electrical noise and electromagnetic fields are generated. If you intend to install the
system in a rack, choose a location near a grounded power outlet, and follow the instructions in
Appendix B of this User Manual.
Step 2: Unpack your Orion-VX1000 system
Step 3: Connect the cables
Connect the cables to your Orion-VX1000 system:
1. Connect the short CAT-6 cable that is provided with the system in a loop as shown in
Figure ‎5-1 below.
2. Connect the Orion-VX1000 “LAN” port to the Ethernet port of your computer using a CAT-6
cable.
3. Connect the power cable first to the Orion-VX1000 and then to the power outlet. Press the
power-on button located on the front panel of the Orion-VX1000 to start the system. (Server
and application load time is approximately 5 minutes).
Figure ‎5-1: Cable Connectivity
Step 5: Change Orion-VX1000’s IP address
Orion-VX1000 is provided with a default IP address “192.168.0.1” that should be modified
before using the system.
To change the IP address:
Step 4: Apply the static IP address “192.168.0.2” to your Computer
Change your computer’s network settings and apply the following static IP address:
“192.168.0.2”.
1. In a web browser, navigate to the default IP address - 192.168.0.1. Upon the appearance of
the login screen, enter the default user name and password (admin, admin).
Note: Orion-VX1000 web based GUI supports Internet Explorer 8 or newer, Google Chrome
20 or newer, Mozilla Firefox 14 or newer and Safari 5 or newer.
2. Select System Settings > Network Settings, as shown in Figure ‎5-2 below:
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Figure ‎5-2: Network Settings Window
3. Click Edit
and then modify the IP Address field.
4. Click Save
. A confirmation message appears, as shown in Figure ‎5-3 below:
Figure ‎5-3 - Network settings confirmation message
5. Click OK.
6. The system reboots and the changes are applied.
Note: If DHCP was chosen, the simplest way to see the Orion-VX1000 IP Address is to connect a monitor
and restart the machine. The IP Address will appear in the Login Screen at the end of the system load.
Step 6: Connect to the Orion-VX1000 IP Address from your Network
Restore the original network configuration on your computer, and connect the Orion-VX1000 to
your network.
Connect to Orion-VX1000 management system by entering the Orion-VX1000’s IP address in a
web browser.
The Orion-VX1000 is now connected to your network
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6. Administration and Configuration
6.1
Overview
The administration and configuration of the Orion-VX1000 are performed using the web-based
management system.
After setting up the system – and prior to conference-service creation – the system should be
configured according to the steps described in this section.
6.2
Login
After entering the Orion-VX1000’s IP address in your web browser, the Login window appears.
Enter the default user name and password (admin, admin).
Figure ‎6-1: Login Window
Note: It is recommended to change the default admin password, before starting to use the
system.
Note: The user can choose a language from the system’s
pre-defined list of languages by using the drop down
menu on the top-left side of the screen.
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6.3
Main Menu
The Main Menu window appears when the user has logged in. This window is divided into two
main categories:
a) System Settings
b) Conferences
Prior to conference creation, system settings must be configured.
Figure ‎6-2: Main Menu Window
Note: To log out, click the logout icon (red), at the
top-right of the screen
Note: To view Orion-VX1000 component versions,
click About, at the top-right of the screen.
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6.4
User Management
The User Management window allows the administrator to create a new user, update existing
user information, or remove a user from the system, as shown in Figure ‎6-3 below:
Figure ‎6-3: User Management Window
6.4.1
Multi-Tier Partitioning
Orion-VX1000 provides multi-tier partitioning functionality. This functionality enables the admin
user to provide different and separate groups, which are independently managed. Each group
has its own manager and users. The information of one group can not be viewed, shared or
managed by any other groups’ members.
6.4.2
Users’ Levels (Roles)
The Role field on the User Management screen represents the capabilities of a user in the
system. The Manager field represents the manager of the group the user belongs to. The users’
levels or roles in Orion-VX1000, are listed below:
super admin
The super user is the default administrator and has the highest role in the system. This user has
access to all the capabilities the system offers and can perform all the actions and view/edit all
the data on the system.
The super admin user can create all kinds of users and manage them. This user cannot be
deleted and is the root of all other users.
admin
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The admin users have all the capabilities of the super admin users. The admin users can be
created and deleted.
manager
The manger users are enabled to manage their own group with no access to any other group.
They are enabled to create/manage conferences, users and access numbers associated with
their own group.
user
Users are enabled to create/provision/manage conferences and create access numbers, all
associated only to their unique managed group.
A user in a group cannot view or access any information from another group.
6.4.3
Sorting and Filtering
The columns User, Role, and Manager can be sorted in ascending or descending order by
clicking on a column header.
The user is allowed to filter the users’ database, using the toolbar at the top of the screen, and
according to the parameters listed below:

User. A full user name or a partial string from it.

Role. The role, using the role drop-down menu.

Manager. The manager, using the manager drop-down menu.
Pressing on Reset, resets the filter and the original list re-appears on the screen.
6.4.4
Creating a New User
To Create a New User:
1. In the System Settings > User Management window, click on Create a new User
The Create a new User window opens:
Figure ‎6-4: Create a New User Window
2. Enter a Username and a Password.
3. Select a Role for the user.
4. Click
to add the new user to the system.
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6.4.5
Modifying User Information
To Modify User Information:
1. In the System Settings > User Management window, click Edit
of the user to be edited.
in the Operations column
The Edit User window opens:
Figure ‎6-5: Edit User Window
2. Modify the information as needed and click Save
6.4.6
.
Deleting a User
To Delete a User from the System:
1. In the System Settings/User Management window, click Delete
column of the user to be removed.
in the Operations
2. A message appears, requesting confirmation to delete the user:
3. Click OK. The user is deleted from the system users’ list.
6.5
System Parameter Settings
Before creating a conference, the system parameters must be provisioned.
6.5.1
Configuring Network Settings
Network settings are configured in the Network Settings window, as shown in Figure ‎6-6 below.
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Figure ‎6-6: Network Settings Window
To Configure Network Settings:
1. Select System Settings > Network Settings.
2. Click Edit
. Network parameters become editable.
Figure ‎6-7: Network Settings Editing
Note: If the DHCP parameter is selected, then only the Hostname parameter can be edited.
All other network parameters are grayed out.
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Figure ‎6-8: Network Setting Window
3. Edit the network parameters, as needed, according to the following table:
Parameter
Definition
Description
Hostname
String
The name of the Orion-VX1000 system in your
network.
It’s highly important to configure the Hostname
as defined in the DNS of the LAN or the WAN
where the Orion-VX1000 is deployed. OrionVX1000 is using the hostname value in SIP calls
with emphsis on NAT Traversal scenarios.
Example: orion1.orionmcu.com
IP Address
IP address
The Orion-VX1000 system’s IP Address
Subnet Mask
Net-mask
The Orion-VX1000 system’s subnet mask
Default Gateway
IP address
The IP Address of the default gateway
Preferred DNS
Server
IP address
The IP Address of the preferred DNS Server
Alternate DNS
Server
IP address
The IP Address of the alternate DNS Server
Table ‎6-1: Network Parameters
4. Note: DNS definition is highly important for system upgrades and SIP calls with domain
names involved.
5. To revert to the previous values, click Revert
6. Click Save
.
to save the configuration.
A message appears, requesting confirmation to restart the system. The changes are applied
upon restarting the system.
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6.5.2
SIP Configuration
SIP parameters are configured in the SIP Configuration window, as shown in Figure ‎6-9 below.
Figure ‎6-9: SIP Configuration
To Configure SIP Settings:
1. Select System Settings > SIP Configuration.
2. Click Edit
. The SIP settings become editable.
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Figure ‎6-10: SIP Parameters Editing
3. Edit the SIP parameters. The SIP parameters are described in the following tables:
SIP Interface
Parameter
Values
Description
Listening SIP
Port
Port
This is Orion-VX1000’s built-in listening SIP port, used for
registration of SIP clients, session establishments and interactions
with SIP external entities.
Block Direct
Calls
Check-box
(Yes/No)
If this box is checked, the unregistered users will be blocked.
Note: This option blocks direct calls from unregistered users, it
doesn’t block the alternative dialing option without IVVR prompts
(For example 500*100*1@Orion.com).
Table ‎6-2: SIP Interface Settings
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Built-in Registrar / Proxy
Parameter
Values
Description
Enable Registrar
/ Proxy
Check-box
(Yes/No)
If this box is checked then Orion-VX1000 can be used as a registrar
for SIP clients.
REGISTER
Authenticate
Required
Check-box
(Yes/No)
“REGISTER Authenticate Required” is a check box that determines
the authentication of the managed users to Orion-VX1000.
Managed users are users that are provisioned in the system. If the
box is checked, non-managed users are not allowed to register with
the system
Authentication
Realm
String
Authentication realm of Orion-VX1000 built-in Registrar for
REGISTER digest challenge, any string can be used.
SIP Users
Used to view and manage the SIP users in the system. This function
is applicable only when Built-in Registrar / Proxy is enabled. For
more details, please refer to SIP Users, section ‎6.5.2.1 below.
Note: SIP user number must not be equal to access number or
conference number defined in the system and vice versa.
Show SIP
Registrations
Used to display the system’s registered users. This function is
applicable only when Built-in Registrar / Proxy is enabled. For more
details, please refer to Show Users, section ‎6.5.2.2 below below.
NAT Traversal
MCU is behind
NAT
Check-box
(Yes/No)
States whether the MCU is behind a NAT.
MCU Public IP /
Domain Name
IP address
P public IP address or domain name, used for near-end NAT
traversal (see section ‎9.4.1 below).
Table ‎6-3: Built-in Registrar Settings
External Registrar
Parameter
Values
Description
Use External
Registrar
Check-box
(Yes/No)
If an external registrar is configured, Orion-VX1000 registers access
numbers and conference rooms to the external registrar.
Registrar IP/
Domain Name
IP address
The external registrar IP address or domain name
Registrar Port
Port
The external registrar SIP port
Use REGISTER
Authentication
Check-box
(Yes/No)
Indicates whether the registration requires authentication.
Authentication
Realm
String
The string must be equal to the configured value in the external
registrar - this value is used in 401 response to REGISTER messages.
(Authentication is supported for REGISTER only).
Table ‎6-4: External Registrar Settings
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Outbound Proxy
Parameter
Values
Description
Use Outbound
Proxy Server
Check-box
(Yes/No)
States whether an outbound proxy server is used.
Outbound Proxy
Server IP
IP address
The Outbound proxy server IP address.
Outbound Proxy
Server Port
Port
The Outbound proxy server port
In case that the Orion-VX1000 is behind NAT or configured with
public IP, and NAT traversal (Near or Far end) is provided by OrionVX1000, the Outbound proxy server should not be configured.
Table ‎6-5: Outbound Proxy Settings
3. To revert to the previous values, click Cancel
4. Click Save
.
to save the configuration.
If any SIP parameter has been modified, then all the active calls will be dropped and the
application will restart. In this case the user’s confirmation is required:
5. Click OK.
The application restarts, and the new configuration is applied.
Figure ‎6-11: Restart after SIP Settings
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6.5.2.1
SIP Users
You can view and manage the Orion-VX1000’s SIP users, by clicking on SIP Users button. This
button is applicable, if the Built-in Registrar / Proxy is enabled.
If this parameter is not enabled, enable it and click on Save
system shall restart and the changes shall be applied.
, before moving forward. The
To View the Users:
Click the SIP Users button. The following window is displayed:
Figure ‎6-12: SIP Users Window
The columns on this screen can be sorted in ascending or descending order by clicking on any of
the column headers.
To Filter the Displayed List
The user is enabled to filter the displayed list, using the toolbar at the top of the table:
The full Username or a partial string from it provides the filtering criteria.
Pressing on Refresh resets the filter and the original list re-appears on the screen.
To Delete a SIP User:
To delete a user click on
. A dialog-box pop-up for user’s confirmation.
To Modify a SIP User:
To modify a user’s password:
1. Click on
the following window opens:
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2. Enter the new password.
3. Click on the Save
button.
To Add a New SIP User:
1. Click on
button, the following window appears:
Figure ‎6-13: Adding SIP User
2. Enter the Username and the Password of the SIP User
3. Click on
to confirm the action.
A new user has been added to the system.
6.5.2.2
Show SIP Registrations
You can view the Orion-VX1000’s registered SIP users.
To View the Registered Users:
Click the Show SIP Registrations button. The following window is displayed:
Figure ‎6-14: Show SIP Registrations Window
The columns on this screen can be sorted in ascending or descending order by clicking on any of
the column headers.
Filtering the Displayed List
The user is enabled to filter the displayed list, using the toolbar at the top of the table:
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Filtering criterias are as follows:

SIP URI. Type a full SIP URI or a partial string of it.

Contact. Type a full Contact or a partial string of it.
Pressing on Refresh resets the filter and the original list re-appears on the screen.
6.5.3
H.323 Settings
H.323 parameters are configured in the H.323 Settings window, as shown in Figure ‎6-9 below:
Figure ‎6-15: H.323 Main Screen
To Configure the H.323 Parameters:
1. Select System Settings > H.323 Settings.
2. Click Edit
. The H.323 settings become editable.
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Figure ‎6-16: Editing H.323 Parameters
3. Edit the H.323 parameters. The H.323 parameters are described in the following table:
Parameter
Values
Description
Enable H.323
Check-box
(Yes/No)
If this box is checked, H.323 is enabled in the system.
Default H.323
Listening Port
Number
If H.323 is enabled, then this parameter is mandatory.
Number of
Additional H.323
Ports
Dropdown
menu
Local H.323 Settings
The default H.323 port 1720.
If the user indends to establish direct H.323 sessions to different
access numbers or conferences he needs to set this parameter.
For each H.323 conference, a dedicated port is needed. The total
number of H.323 ports should be compatible with the number of
potential H.323 conferences in the system.
Maximum number of ports is 20.
External H.323 Settings
Enable H.323
Gatekeeper
Registration
Check-box
(Yes/No)
If this box is checked, registration to the gatekeeper is enabled in
the system.
H.323
Gatekeeper IP
IP address
The IP address of the gatekeeper.
H.323
Gatekeeper Port
Number
The port number of the gatekeeper.
Table ‎6-6: H.323 Parameters
4. To revert to the previous values, click Cancel
5. Click Save
to save the new settings.
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If any parameter has been modified, then all the active calls will be dropped and the application
will be restarted. In this case the user’s confirmation is required:
Content Sharing:
Orion-VX1000 supports H.239, the content sharing standard for H.323. This capability enables
the clients who support this standard, to both share their content and present the dominant
speaker and the prestentor, on their selected layout (equal or dominant).
Figure ‎6-17 shows the content sharing possible scenarios:

H.323 endpoint that supports H.239 - Is enabled to send and receive both content and
conferencing participants' layout.

H.323 endpoint that do not support H.239 - Is enabled to send and receive conferencing
participants' layout, and receive content as a part of the regular conferencing layout..

SIP endpoint - Is enabled to send and receive conferencing participants' layout, and receive
content as a part of the regular conferencing layout.
Figure ‎6-17: Content Sharing
6.5.4
Configuring Access Numbers
An access number is a number which a participant dials to connect with the Orion-VX1000. An
IVVR directs the user to enter the conference number and the PIN code. However, access
numbers are not mandatory, since a participant can also join a conference by dialing directly the
conference number.
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A single Orion-VX1000 supports multiple access numbers. The access numbers are provisioned
via the Orion-VX1000 GUI, as shown in this section. If the number dialed by a participant does
not match any of the provisioned access numbers (or conference numbers), the call is declined.
To Configure Access Numbers:
1. Select System Settings > Access Numbers. The Access Numbers window opens:
Figure ‎6-18: Access Numbers Provisioning
Please note that the users can view and manage only the access numbers which belong to their
own group (see section ‎6.4.1 for Multi-Tier Partitioning).
6.5.4.1
Create a New Access Number
To create a new access number:
1. Click Create
, for a new Number.
The Create a new Number window opens.
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Figure ‎6-19: Create a New Number Window
2. In the Number field, type the new access number.
Note: Access number must not be equal to SIP user number or conference number defined in the
system and vice versa.
3. In the Media Type field, select one of the following:

Multimedia

Voice Only
4. When Multimedia has been selected, in the Video Quality field, select one of the following:

Normal: CIF (352X288)

High: VGA (640x480)

HD (1280x720)
5. To register the access number to the registrar, select Register:

To authenticate the registration, select Authenticate, and enter Username and
Password.
6. For H.323 sessions, to register the access number to gatekeeper, select Gatekeeper
Register.
7. For H.323 sessions, select a port from the listed ports, using the drop-down menu.
8. Click Save
6.5.4.2
to save the configuration.
Modify an Existing Access Number
To Edit An Existing Access Number Parameters:
1. In the Access Numbers window, click in the Operations column of the number to be
edited. The Edit Access Number window opens.
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Figure ‎6-20: Edit Number Window
2. Modify the settings as needed and click Save
6.5.4.3
.
Delete an Access Number
To delete an access number from the list:

In the Access Numbers window, click
deleted.
6.5.4.4
in the Operations column of the number to be
Sorting and Filtering
The access numbers can be sorted in ascending or descending order by clicking on the Number
header.
The user is allowed to filter the access numbers by entering a full or partial number, using the
toolbar at the top of the screen:
Pressing on Reset, resets the filter and the original list re-appears on the screen.
6.5.5
Date and Time
The date, time and time zone can be set manually, or an NTP server can be used to correct
manual settings.
To Set the Date and Time:
1. Select System Settings > Date & Time.
The Date & Time window opens.
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Figure ‎6-21: Date and Time Screen
2. Select the current Date.
3. Select the current Time.
4. Select the relevant Timezone.
5. To automatically adjust the time for daylight savings time, select Automatically adjust clock
for daylight savings time.
6. To have an NTP server sync the Orion-VX1000 with other devices on the network
a. Select Use NTP?
b. Select a server from the NTP list.
c. To add a new server, enter a new line to the server’s list.
d. To delete an existing server, remove the line from the list.
If more than one NTP server appears in the list, the first server in the list has the highest
priority.
7. Click Save
6.6
.
Maintenance
The following maintenance actions can be performed:

System Status - Provides the status of system components, NFS, and general system
information, as shown in Figure ‎6-22:
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Figure ‎6-22: System Details

NFS Settings – Enables the user to set the NFS (Network File System) parameters, used for
conference recording. For more information on NFS Settings, refer to section ‎6.6.2 below.

Application Restart - The software application restarts and all ongoing sessions are dropped.
User is requested to confirm this operation.

Hardware Reset – Reboots hardware. This process is a longer process, taking around 1
minute. It is recommended to log out and re-log into the system after hardware reset. User
is requested to confirm this operation.

MCU Shutdown – Enables the system shut-down. When shut-down, the server will
completely power off. User is requested to confirm this operation. To restart the system’s
operation, the user needs to manually power-on the system.

Start Diagnostic Trace – System events are collected during a specified interval and saved,
creating a trace file for advanced diagnostics. For more information, please refer to
section ‎6.6.2 below.
To Perform System Maintenance:
1. Select System Settings > Maintenance. The Maintenance window opens.
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Figure ‎6-23: Maintenance Window
2. Click a button to perform the action specified.
6.6.1
NFS Settings
To Set the NFS Parameters:
1. Select System Settings > Maintenance. The Maintenance window opens.
2. Click on NFS Settings. The following window opens:
Table ‎6-7: NFS Settings
3. Enter the NFS IP/Domain
4. Enter the NFS Path which locates the recorded conference.
5. NFS Status is a read-only parameter and can have the values: Online and Offline.
6. Click Save
to save the settings.
7. Click Clear to clear the settings. If the user clicks on Clear, the following dialogue box
appears for a confirmation request:
6.6.2
Start Diagnostic Trace
To Provide Diagnostic Trace to Surf Support Stuff:
1. Select System Settings > Maintenance. The Maintenance window opens.
2. Enter the interval for information collection in the text-box. The allowed range is between
“0” to “300” seconds.
3. Click on Start Diagnostic Trace
4. The system creates a package with the system configuration, log files in debug level and IP
trace of all the system network interfaces for the duration of the diagnostic trace. If the
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selected interval is set to “0”, the system will create a package with system configuratiuon
and logs only (without traffic capture).
5. A diagnostic file (zip file) is created. Click Save Diagnostic Trace to save the file.
Figure ‎6-24: Diagnostic Dialog Box
6. After saving the file, Delete Diagnostic Trace, appears on the main Maintenance screen,
allowing the user to delete the file.
7. Only one trace file is allowed. To provide a new trace file, the existing file must be deleted.
6.7
Upgrade
The user can upgrade the system using the Upgrade window, as shown in Figure ‎6-24.
To Upgrade the System:
1. Select System Settings > Upgrade. The Upgrade window opens:
Figure ‎6-25: Upgrade Window
2. Choose one of the two upgrade modes:
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
For Network Upgrade:
a. In the URL text-box, type the Orion-VX1000’s upgrade server’s address:
update.orionmcu.com. If DNS has not been set (Network Settings section ‎6.5.1), use its
IP address: 23.23.229.203.
b. In Version text-box, enter the version number to be downloaded (will be supplied by
Surf support, upon the release of a GA version).
c. Click Download

For Local Upgrade
a. Click on Upgrade from file.
b. Browse, and select the download package
3. The software download starts and the following figure appears:
Figure ‎6-26: Starting the Download
4. After the download is finalized, a dialogue box is displayed enabling the user to either abort
or continue the upgrade process:
Figure ‎6-27: Upgrade Starting
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5. If the user chooses to continue, the system upgeades:
Figure ‎6-28: Upgrading
6. The system reboots automatically after the upgrade. To continue login to the system.
Figure ‎6-29: Upgrade Finalized
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7. Conferences
After system parameters have been provisioned, conferences can be set up.
7.1
Summary
Select Conferences > Summary to view the list of the existing active conferences:
Figure ‎7-1: Conferences List
Please note that the users can view and set only the conferences which belong to their own
group (see section ‎6.4.1 for Multi-Tier Partitioning).
To See the Details of a Conference:
Click View
.
Figure ‎7-2 details the selected conference information, including state, type and the list of
participants including: telephone number, login time and role.
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Figure ‎7-2: Conference Details
Click Leader Dashboard
conference.
7.2
, to open the Leader Dashboard (section ‎8‎8 below), and manage a
Conference Settings
The parameters of an existing conference can be viewed or modified and new conferences can
be created.
7.2.1
Opening the Conference Settings Window
To Open the Conference Settings window:
Select Conferences > Conference Settings.
The list of the existing conferences is displayed:
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Figure ‎7-3: Conference Management
The following values can appear under the Media Type column:

Multimedia - High (VGA - 640x480)

Multimedia - HD (1280x720)

Multimedia - Normal (CIF - 352X288)

Voice Only
7.2.2
Sorting and Filtering
The columns Conference, Room and Media Type can be sorted in ascending or descending order
by clicking on a column header.
The user is allowed to filter the users’ database, using the toolbar at the top of the screen, and
according to the parameters listed below:

Name. A full conference name or a partial string from it.

Room. A full or partial room (conference) number.

Media Type. The media type, using the drop-down menu.
Pressing on Reset, resets the filter and the original list re-appears on the screen.
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7.2.3
Creating a Conference
To create a new conference:
1. Click Create a new Conference
.
The Create a new Conference window opens.
Figure ‎7-4: New Conference Details
2. Select conference parameters as described in section ‎7.3, Conferencing Parameters.
3. Click Save
7.2.4
, to save the entered information.
Other Conference Actions
You can edit conferences, delete conferences, and open the Leader Dashboard to manage a
conference from the Operations column of the Conference Settings window.
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To Edit a Conference:
Click Edit
. Then edit conference parameters as described in Conferencing Parameters.
To Delete a Conference:
Click Delete
.
To Manage a Conference:
Click Leader Dashboard
7.3
, to open the Leader Dashboard. See section ‎8 Leader Dashboard.
Conferencing Parameters
Conferencing parameters are listed in the below table:
Parameter
Values
Remarks
Conference
String
The nickname of the conference
Media Type
Multimedia
Voice Only
The type of conference to be defined, Multimedia for Video
conference or Voice only for Voice conference.
Video Quality
HD
High
Normal
The video quality of the conference appears only if Multimedia
has been chosen for the Media Type parameter (see above).
Low
Medium
High
SURF recommends using “Medium” as a default value, hence
every new conference room’s “Bandwidth Allocation” parameter
will be configured as “Medium”.
Bandwidth
Allocation
HD: (1280x720), High: VGA (640x480), and Normal: CIF (352X288)
If the bandwidth in the LAN or WAN, where the Orion-VX1000 is
deployed, is low, please set the conference room’s “Bandwidth
Allocation” parameter to “Low”.
If there are no bandwidth restrictions, you may use “High” for
enhanced video quality.
Video Layout
Type
Equal Layout
Dominant Based
The type of the video conference layout.
Max Shown
Participants
Number
HD Conference Room (720p)
- 1 conference room: 16 viewable participants
- 2 conference rooms: 6 viewable participants
High Conference Room (VGA)
2 conference rooms: 16 viewable participants
Normal Conference Room (CIF)
- 2 conference rooms: 16 viewable participants
- 4 conference rooms: 4 participants participants
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Parameter
Values
Remarks
Max Number
of Participants
Number
Up to 29 participants for equal based layout or up to 12
participants for dominant based layout.
Meeting Room
Number
Number
The meeting room (conference) can be accessed by direct dialing,
if it is registered.
Meeting room number is also used as username for the leader
dashboard login.
Note: conference number must not be equal to SIP user number or
access number defined in the system.
Record
Conference?
Yes/No
If enabled the conference shall be recorded. Please note that the
NFS parameters should be defined prior the activation of the
conference recording. For NFS settings, refer to section ‎6.6.1
above.
The conference shall be recorded in the configured pathname
under the name: conferencenumber_date.time.avi For example:
400_2013.06.02.13.53.47.avi
The recording shall be stopped when the conference is closed.
Register?
Yes/No
If enabled then the conference is registered to the external
registrar.
Authenticate?
Yes/No
If enabled then the conference is registered with authentication.
Username
String
If authentication chosen, a username needs to be entered.
Password
String
If authentication chosen, password needs to be entered.
PIN Required?
Yes/No
If enabled, the participant is required to enter PIN number to log
into the conference.
Participant PIN
Number
The participant PIN for logging into the conference
Leader PIN
Number
The conference leader PIN (should be different from the
participant PIN). Also used as password for the leader dashboard
login.
Leader
Required
Yes/No
Defines if the conference can start before the leader joins the
conference or not, if configured yes all regular participant will be
placed on hold until the leader joins to the conference.
Gatekeeper
Register?
If enabled then the conference is registered to gatekeeper.
H.323 Port
For H.323 sessions, enables the user to select a port from the
listed ports, using the drop-down menu
VIP
Participants
List of numbers
Participants’ phone numbers or SIP URIs who can join the
conference without entering a participant PIN codes.
Table ‎7-1: Conferencing Parameters
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7.4
Dialing Options
In order to join a conference from a video room system, phone or a softclient, the user can use
the access number or the conference number. The following tables show various dialing options
per each choice, using the below numbers:

Access Number – 500

Conference Number – 100

Participant PIN Code – 1

Orion-VX1000 Domain – Orion.com (Domain name or IP address).
Participant is registered on PBX:
Dialing
Option
PIN
Code
Operations and Prompts
Access
Number
√
Dial 500 – Prompt: “Please enter your conference number followed by the # key”
Dial 100 – Prompt: “Please enter the conference PIN number followed by the # key”
Dial 1 – Connected to conference
Conference
Number
√
Dial 100 – Prompt “Please enter the conference PIN number followed by the # key”
Dial 1 – Connected to conference
Access
Number
Dial 500 – Prompt “Please enter your conference number followed by the # key”
Dial 100 – Connected to conference
Conference
Number
Dial 100 – Connected to conference
Table ‎7-2: Dialing Information - Registered on PBX
Participant is registered on Orion-VX1000 SIP Build-in Registrar:
Dialing
Option
PIN
Code
Operations and Prompts
Access
Number
√
Dial 500 – Prompt “Please enter your conference number followed by the # key”
Dial 100 – Prompt “Please enter the conference PIN number followed by the # key”
Dial 1 – Connected to conference
Alternative option (Connecting without prompts):
Dial 500*100*1 – Connected to conference
Conference
Number
√
Dial 100 – Prompt “Please enter the conference PIN number followed by the # key”
Dial 1 – Connected to conference
Access
Number
Dial 500 – Prompt “Please enter your conference number followed by the # key”
Conference
Number
Dial 100 – Connected to conference
Dial 100 – Connected to conference
Table ‎7-3: Dialing Information - Registered on Orion-VX1000
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Participant is not registered:
Dialing
Option
PIN
Code
Operations and Prompts
Access
Number
√
Dial 500@Orion.com – Prompt “Please enter your conference number followed by
the # key”
Dial 100 – Prompt “Please enter the conference PIN number followed by the # key”
Dial 1 – Connected to conference
Alternative option (Connecting without prompts):
Dial 500*100*1@Orion.com – Connected to conference
Conference
Number
√
Dial 100@Orion.com – Prompt “Please enter the conference PIN number followed
by the # key”
Dial 1 – Connected to conference
Access
Number
Dial 500@Orion.com – Prompt “Please enter your conference number followed by
the # key”
Dial 100 – Connected to conference
Conference
Number
Dial 100@Orion.com – Connected to conference
Table ‎7-4: Dialing Information - Not Registered
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8. Leader Dashboard
8.1
Leader’s Capabilities
The Leader Dashboard provides the following capabilities to the conference leader:

Invite participants to join the conference

Modify the status of the participant from dominant to non dominant and vice versa

Make a participant visible/invisible

Obtain call statistics

Mute/Unmute participants

Lock/Unlock the conference

View detailed conference parameters

Remove participants from the conference

Modify the conference layout mode.
8.2
Leader Login
The leader logs into the Leader Dashboard through the regular login screen, by using the
conference number as username and the leader PIN code as password, as shown below in
Figure ‎8-1:
Figure ‎8-1: Leader Login
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8.3
Main Screen
Figure ‎8-2 below shows the Leader Dashboard’s main window:
Figure ‎8-2: Leader Dashboard Main Window
On the main screen of the leader dashboard, the following items are displayed:

Conference Information – Conference information includes conference number, resolution
and the PIN code.

Total Bandwidth - Total bandwidth usage of incoming and outgoing sessions, updated every
5 seconds - displayed at the top of the toolbar.

Number of Participants – Showing the number of total and visible participants and enabling
the leader to select the number of shown participants, using a drop down menu.

Operational Buttons – The following operational buttons appear at the left side of the
Leader Dashboard window:

Lock/Unlock Conference – Locking the conference prevents the users that are not currently
a part of the conference session, to join the conference.

Call Participants – Enables the leader to invite participants to join the conference.

Mute/Unmute All Participants

Show Statistics – Displays the conference’s detailed statistics information (section ‎8.5
below).

Toolbar which includes Participants and Layout options (section ‎8). Participants screen
provides the default display of the main screen.
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
The list of the conference participants followed by icons - Each participant in the list is
followed by icons. Each icon represents an information about the participant’s state or /and
enables the user to toggle between the states, by clicking on it.
The icons and the state they represent are listed in Figure ‎8-3 below:
Dominant participant
Participant (not Dominant)
Call statistics
Participant voice enabled
Video only participant (status)
Participant voice muted
Visible, participant
Voice only participant (status)
Participant video disabled
Remove participant
Figure ‎8-3: Leader Dashboard Icons
When the user modifies a participant to a dominant participant, the energetic calculations are
not relevant for this participant. The participant remains dominant until the Dominant
participant icon is pressed again or another participant is selected as dominant..
Figure ‎8-4 shows a participant’s call statistics information, appears upon clicking on
Figure ‎8-4: Call Statistics
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8.4
Layouts
To set the conference layout mode, click the Layouts tab on the main leader dashboard screen.
Figure ‎8-5, shows the current and the possible layouts:
Figure ‎8-5: Conference Layouts
One of two layouts can be chosen:

Dominant based: The dominant speaker’s image is larger than the other participants’ images
(The dominant speaker is automatically defined by energetic voice detection).

Equal Presence: All the images are displayed equally.
The red border shows the chosen layout. Click Apply Chosen Layout to Conference to select a
layout.
8.5
Show Statistics
To view the conference statistics details, click the Show Statistics button on the left side of the
leader dashboard screen. Figure ‎8-6 showing the statistics information of all the conference
participants:
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Figure ‎8-6: Conference Statistics
Use the horizontal scroll bar to view all the participan’s information.
Set the Auto Refresh check-box to update the displayed information automatically. The
information is updated every 5 seconds.
The rows in the statistics table above can be set or reset by clicking on the Rows Settings button.
As shows in Figure ‎8-7:
Figure ‎8-7: Rows Settings
Click on Restore Default to restore the original rows settings.
8.6
Calling Participants
To invite participants to join a conference:
1. Click the Call Participants button.
The Call Participants window opens as shows in Figure ‎8-8:
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Figure ‎8-8: Calling Participants
2. Choose one of the following options:
2.1 Use the text-box, You can enter one of the following:

For registered participant: Enter the name/number appears in the registration to SIP
registrar

For non-registered participant: Enter the full path including the SIP server IP address:
name/number@SIP server-IP-Address

Click
to add more participants and then click Call.

Click
to cancel the invitation.
2.2 Use the phone-book:

Point on the Phonebook text-box with the cursor and click on it.

The Phonebook window pops-up:
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
Check the participants you want to invite and click Call.

You can check/uncheck the entire list or filter the list by using the toolbar at the top of
the window. To return back to the original list, press Refresh.
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9. Firewall and NAT
9.1
Overview
Orion-VX1000 provides voice and video conferencing services for SMBs and enterprises, and is
naturally located either in a demilitarized zone (DMZ) with a public or private IP address or in a
LAN behind the organization’s Firewall/NAT (Network Address Translation) with a private IP
address. The Orion-VX1000 may also reside in a public IP.
Firewalls that are not SIP and H.323 aware may cause complexity in providing connectivity with
clients, located in the external IP network or behind other firewalls.
This section describes the possible topologies, firewall/NAT settings, and NAT traversal in OrionVX1000.
9.2
9.2.1
Topologies
Orion-VX1000 in a DMZ
When Orion-VX1000 is located in the DMZ, it allows you to assign to it a public or private IP
address. This enables an easy access and direct connectivity with video clients in the public
internet as shown below in Figure ‎9-1:
Figure ‎9-1: Orion-VX1000 in DMZ Zone
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9.2.2
Orion-VX1000 behind a NAT
When Orion-VX1000 system is located behind a NAT, in a private LAN, it is not accessed directly
by the other entities in the internet. This causes a better security on one hand and on the other
hand it makes the connectivity with outside world more complicated. When deploying the
Orion-VX1000 in this topology, it is required to provide port mapping to the Orion-VX1000. As
shown below in Figure ‎9-2:
Figure ‎9-2: Orion-VX1000 Located in LAN
9.3
Firewall/NAT Settings
In order to use a firewall/NAT, it is recommended to follow the below settings:
9.3.1
Blocking Ports
Block the access, from the external IP network, to the following ports:

22 (ssh)

23 (telnet)

80 (http)

443 (https)
You may let them remain open for internal administrative operations.
9.3.2
Enabling SIP and H.323 Sessions
To enable SIP and H.323 setup with other entities in the external network, the firewall/NAT
router must be configured to allow incoming and outgoing SIP messages through:

UDP and TCP port 5060 (for SIP session signaling)
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
TCP port 5061 (for SIP TLS)

TCP and UDP ports [1720 - 17xx] for H.323. (17xx = 1720+Number of Additional H.323 ports)
9.3.3
RTP Traffic Ports Range
The range of the UDP ports for the incoming and outgoing RTP packets need to remain open in
the firewall/NAT. Orion-VX1000 communicates through:

UDP 10000-11000

UDP and TCP 12000-12500
The actual range can be restricted within the default one, depending on number of conferences,
participants per conference, conference type and Orion-VX1000’s model you are using.
9.4
9.4.1
NAT Traversal in Orion-VX1000
Near-End NAT Traversal
In a deployment scenario where Orion-VX1000 is located behind a firewall and is configured with
private IP address, the signaling sent from the Orion-VX1000 messeges will contain private IP
addresses. Unless the firewall provides VoIP NAT Traversal services, sessions will not connect, as
the singling messeges will contain non-routable addresses. This issue is called Near-End NAT
traversal, as the problem to be solved is “near” – meaning the close firewall.
Orion-VX1000 solves this problem by providing near-end NAT traversal as part of the OrionVX1000. The private IP addresses within the SDP are replaced by the NAT’s public IP address and
the clients receive SIP messages which include SDP with accessible public IP addresses, providing
session completion.
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9.4.2
Orion-VX1000 Setting for Near-End NAT Traversal
In order to allow near-end NAT Traversal in Orion-VX1000, follow the below steps:
1. Select System Settings > SIP Configuration. The below screen opens:
Figure ‎9-3: SIP Public IP Configuration
2. Click Edit
. SIP settings become editable.
3. Set the Enable Registrar / Proxy check-box.
4. Enter a value for Listening SIP Port.
5. Enable the MCU is behind NAT check-box.
6. Enter a value for MCU Public IP / Domain Name:
or
7. Press Save
to save the configuration.
8. The system restarts. If Domain Name has been entered, the address is resolved.
9. Near-end NAT traversal is applied.
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9.4.3
Far-End NAT Traversal
When the SIP client is behind a firewall, Orion-VX1000 may receive private IP addresses in the
received SDP (for sending the session’s RTP packets) as shown below in Figure ‎9-4:
Figure ‎9-4: SIP Client behind a NAT
In this case, the packets cannot be sent, until the first packets are received from the client. The
system learns the actual public IP address of these packets, and sends the transmitted RTP
packets to this address.
Far-end NAT traversal is applied automatically thus no configuration is needed in Orion-VX1000.
Note: Please note that in order for this topology to work, the SIP and H.323 clients located
behind the local firewall must support Near-End NAT traversal.
Near End NAT Traversal for SIP Clients requires the SIP clients to send their routable (in most
cases Public) IP address in their contact information and r-port parameter.
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10. Appendix-A: Precautions & Safety
10.1
Rack Precautions

Ensure that the leveling jacks on the bottom of the rack are fully extended to the floor with
the full weight of the rack resting on them.

In a single rack installation, stabilizers should be attached to the rack.

In multiple rack installations, the racks should be coupled together.

Always make sure the rack is stable before extracting a component from the rack.

Extract only one component at a time - extracting two or more simultaneously may cause
the rack to become unstable.
10.2
Server Precautions

Review the electrical and general safety precautions.

Determine the placement of each component in the rack before you install the rails.

Install the heaviest server components at the bottom of the rack first, and then work up.

Use a regulating, uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect the Orion-VX1000 from
power surges, voltage spikes and to keep your system operating in case of a power failure.

To maintain proper cooling, always keep the rack's front door and all panels and components
on the components closed when not servicing.
10.3
System Safety
10.3.1 Electrical Safety Precautions
Basic electrical safety precautions should be followed to protect you from harm and the OrionVX1000 from damage:

Be aware of the locations of the power on/off switch on the chassis as well as the room's
emergency power-off switch, disconnection switch or electrical outlet. If an electrical
accident occurs, you can then quickly remove power from the system.

Do not work alone when working with high voltage components.

Power should always be disconnected from the system when removing or installing main
system components. When disconnecting power, you should first shut down the system and
then unplug the power cords.

When working around exposed electrical circuits, another person who is familiar with the
power-off controls should be nearby to switch off the power if necessary.

Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment. This is to avoid
making a complete circuit, which will cause electrical shock. Use extreme caution when using
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metal tools, which can easily damage any electrical components or circuit boards they come
into contact with.

Do not use mats designed to decrease static electrical discharge as protection from electrical
shock. Instead, use rubber mats that have been specifically designed as electrical insulators.

The power supply power cords must include a grounding plug and must be plugged into
grounded electrical outlets.
10.3.2 General Safety Precautions
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:

Keep the area around the system clean and free of clutter.

The system weighs approximately 10 lbs (4.5 kg).

Place the chassis top cover and any system components that have been removed, away from
the system or on a table so that they won't accidentally be stepped on.

After accessing the inside of the system, close the system back up and secure it to the rack
unit with the retention screws, after ensuring that all connections have been made.
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11. Appendix-B- Rack Mounting
The box your chassis was shipped in should include four mounting screws, which you will need if
you intend to install the system into a rack.
Choosing a Setup Location

Leave enough clearance in front of the rack to enable you to open the front door completely
(~25 inches).

Leave approximately 30 inches of clearance in the back of the rack to allow for sufficient
airflow and ease of servicing.

This product is for installation only in a Restricted Access Location (dedicated equipment
room, service closet, etc.).
Rack Mounting Considerations
Ambient Operating Temperature: If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the ambient
operating temperature of the rack environment may be greater than the ambient temperature
of the room. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment in an
environment compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient temperature (Tmra).
Reduced Airflow: Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that the amount of airflow
required for safe operation is not compromised.
Mechanical Loading: Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that a hazardous condition
does not arise due to uneven mechanical loading.
Circuit Overloading: Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the
power supply circuitry and the effect that any possible overloading of circuits might have on
over current protection and power supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment
nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
Reliable Ground: A reliable ground must be maintained at all times. To ensure this, the rack itself
should be grounded. Particular attention should be given to power supply connections other
than the direct connections to the branch circuit (i.e. the use of power strips, etc.).
Rack Mounting Instructions
This section provides information about installing the Orion-VX1000 into a rack unit. There are a
variety of rack units on the market, which may mean the assembly procedure will differ slightly.
You should also refer to the installation instructions that came with the rack unit you are using.
Orion-VX1000 User Manual
Installing the Chassis into a Rack:
Installing into a Telco Rack
1.
Confirm that chassis includes the four
mounting screws required to mount the
chassis into a rack
2.
Align the thru holes of the chassis with the
thru holes of the rack.
The compact design of the Orion-VX1000
enables installation into a Telco rack without
the use of rails. The installation instructions
are similar to the regular rack instructions.
3.
Insert the mounting screws into the thru
holes in the front of the chassis and through
the thru holes in the rack
Figure ‎11-1- Installing Orion-VX1000 into a Rack
Figure ‎11-2- Installing Orion-VX1000 into a Telco Rack
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12. Appendix C- Technical
Specification
Dimensions (W x D x H): Inches: 16.8 x 11.8 x 1.7 (426 x 300 x 44 mm)
Chassis: 1U Rackmountable
Weight: Net Weight: 7.7 lbs. (3.5 kg)
Package Characteristics
Dimension (W x D x H): 520 x 430 x 190 mm
Weight: 5.5 kg
AC Input Power: 100-240 VAC (auto-range), 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption: 100W max
Operating Environment
Operating Temperature: 10º to 35º C (50º to 95º F)
Non-operating Temperature: -40º to 70º C (-40º to 158º F)
Operating Relative Humidity: 8% to 90% (non-condensing)
Non-operating Relative Humidity: 5 to 95% (non-condensing)
Transportation
Vibration: 2Grms, sine wave, 5~500Hz, 3 axes, 1 hr/axis
Shock: 10G, half sine wave, 11 ms duration
Interfaces
Front I/O Interface: USB: 2 USB2.0
Rear I/O Interface:
Display: VGA
LAN: 2 x RJ45 (10/100/1000 )
USB: 1 USB 2.0
PS/2: 1
Web-based GUI
Orion-VX1000 web based GUI supports Internet Explorer 8 or newer, Google Chrome 20 or
newer, Mozilla Firefox 14 or newer and Safari 5 or newer.
End of Document
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