Carrier | CAPRI-280 | Service manual | Carrier CAPRI-280 Service manual

Bus Air
Conditioning
Equipment
Model
CAPRI-280
Septa
T-283
OPERATION AND
SERVICE MANUAL
BUS
AIR CONDITIONING
UNIT
Model CAPRI-280
Septa
Carrier Transicold Division, Carrier Corporation, P.O. Box 4805, Syracuse, N.Y. 13221
Carrier Corporation 1997 D Printed in U. S. A. 1097
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Page
SAFETY SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.1
Condenser Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.2
Evaporator Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.3
Compressor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigeration System Component Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Specifications ECDC Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Specifications --- Controller Input Sensors and Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heater Flow Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Relay Board --- Electronically Commutated DC Motors with 2-speed Input Signal . . .
Logic Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control Panel (Diagnostic Module) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting, Stopping and Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1
HVAC Power to Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.3
Self-Test and Diagnostics (Check for Errors and/or Alarms) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.4
Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-Trip Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.1
Temperature Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.1.1
Capacity Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.1.2
Cooling/Reheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.1.3
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.2
Boost Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.3
Compressor Unloader Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.4
Evaporator Fan Speed Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.5
Condenser Fan Speed Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.6
Compressor Clutch Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.7
Alarm Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.8
Hour Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microprocessor Diagnostic Service Tool (MDST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.1
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.2
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.3
Setpoint Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.4
Mode Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.4.1
Cool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.4.2
Heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.4.3
Vent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.5
Fan Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i
1
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-9
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
3
3.1
3.2
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
4.16
2.4.6
Temperature Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.7
Diagnostic Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.8
System Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suction And Discharge Service Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Manifold Gauges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pumping The System Down Or Removing The Refrigerant Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4.1
System Pumpdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4.2
Removing the Refrigerant Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerant Leak Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Evacuation And Dehydration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Refrigerant To System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.1
Checking Refrigerant Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.2
Adding Full Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.7.3
Adding Partial Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking For Noncondensibles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking And Replacing High Pressure Cutout Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9.1
Checking High Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9.2
Replacing High Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter-drier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermostatic Expansion Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Model 05G Compressor Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.1
Removing the Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.2
Compressor Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.2.1 Checking the Compressor Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.2.2 Adding Oil with Compressor in System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.2.3 Adding Oil to Service Replacement Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12.2.4 Removing Oil from the Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature Sensor Checkout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suction And Discharge Pressure Transducer Checkout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Sensors and Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controller Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ii
2-4
2-4
2-5
3-1
3-1
3-1
4-1
4-1
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-2
4-2
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-4
4-4
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-7
4-7
4-7
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-9
4-19
5
5.1
ELECTRICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5-1
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure
Page
1-1.
A/C Component Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-2.
Condenser Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-3.
Evaporator Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
1-4.
Heater Flow Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
1-5.
Relay Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
1-6.
Logic Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
1-7.
Diagnostic Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-9
2-1.
Auto Reheat Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
4-1.
Suction or Discharge Service Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4-2.
Manifold Gauge Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-3.
Checking High Pressure Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4
4-4.
Thermostatic Expansion Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
4-5.
Thermostatic Expansion Valve Bulb and Thermocouple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
4-6.
Removing Bypass Piston Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
4-7.
Model O5G Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
5-1.
Electrical Wiring Schematic Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
LIST OF TABLES
Table
2-1.
2-2.
3-1.
3-2
3-3.
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
4-4.
Page
Main Evaporator Fan Speed Relay Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parameter Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General System Trouble Shooting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature Sensor (AT, TSC, TSD and TSR) Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suction and Discharge Pressure Transducer (SPT and DPT) Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controller Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R-134a Temperature - Pressure Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iii
2-3
2-5
3-1
3-2
3-4
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-11
SAFETY SUMMARY
GENERAL SAFETY NOTICES
The following general safety notices supplement the specific warnings and cautions appearing elsewhere in
this manual. They are recommended precautions that must be understood and applied during operation
and maintenance of the equipment covered herein. The general safety notices are presented in the
following three sections labeled: First Aid, Operating Precautions and Maintenance Precautions. A listing
of the specific warnings and cautions appearing elsewhere in the manual follows the general safety notices.
FIRST AID
An injury, no matter how slight, should never go unattended. Always obtain first aid or medical attention
immediately.
OPERATING PRECAUTIONS
Always wear safety glasses.
Keep hands, clothing and tools clear of the evaporator and condenser fans.
No work should be performed on the unit until all circuit breakers and start-stop switches are turned off, and
power supply is disconnected.
Always work in pairs. Never work on the equipment alone.
In case of severe vibration or unusual noise, stop the unit and investigate.
MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS
Beware of unannounced starting of the evaporator and condenser fans. Do not open the condenser fan
grille or evaporator access panels before turning power off, and disconnecting and securing the power plug.
Be sure power is turned off before working on motors, controllers, solenoid valves and electrical control
switches. Tag circuit breaker and power supply to prevent accidental energizing of circuit.
Do not bypass any electrical safety devices, e.g. bridging an overload, or using any sort of jumper wires.
Problems with the system should be diagnosed, and any necessary repairs performed, by qualified service
personnel.
When performing any arc welding on the unit, disconnect all wire harness connectors from the modules in
the control box. Do not remove wire harness from the modules unless you are grounded to the unit frame
with a static-safe wrist strap.
In case of electrical fire, open circuit switch and extinguish with CO2 (never use water).
1
SECTION 1
DESCRIPTION
1.1 INTRODUCTION
compressor. The air conditioning and heating equipment
interfaces with electrical cabling, refrigerant piping,
engine coolant piping for heating, ductwork and other
components furnished by the bus manufacturer to
complete the system.
This manual contains Operating and Service Instructions
and Electrical Data for the Model Capri 280 Air
Conditioning and Heating equipment furnished by
Carrier Transicold Division.
The Capri 280 consists of a condenser, evaporator and
4
5
6
7
8
3
2
9
1
Figure 1-1. A/C Component Identification
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Compressor
Pressure Switches
Electrical Control and Relay Board
Evaporator Section
Evaporator Blowers and Motors
Condenser Axial Fan/Motor Assemblies.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
1-1
Condenser Section
Main Harness
Power Harness
Alternator
Power Relay
T-283
1.2 General description
The receiver collects and stores liquid refrigerant. The
receiver is fitted with upper and lower liquid level sight
glasses to enable determining refrigerant liquid level in
the receiver. The receiver is also fitted with a fusible plug
which protects the system from unsafe high refrigerant
temperatures. The main liquid line solenoid valve closes
when system is shut down to prevent flooding of coils with
liquid refrigerant and to isolate the filter-drier for
servicing when the compressor is shut down. The king
valves enable servicing of the filter-drier. The ambient
temperature sensor measures ambient temperature and
sends an electrical signal to the controller.
1.2.1 Condenser Unit
The condenser unit includes condenser coils, fan and
motor assemblies, filter-drier, receiver, liquid line
solenoid valve, king valves, discharge check valve, and an
ambient temperature sensor.
The condenser coils provide a heat transfer surface for
condensing refrigerant gas at a high temperature and
pressure into a liquid at high temperature and pressure.
The condenser fans circulate ambient air across the
outside of the condenser tubes at a temperature lower
than refrigerant circulating inside the tubes; this results
in condensing the refrigerant into a liquid. The
filter-drier removes moisture and other noncondensibles
from the liquid refrigerant before it enters the thermal
expansion valves in the evaporator assembly.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
T-283
Condenser Coil
Condenser Fan Motor Assembly
Receiver Tank
Service Valve
Filter Drier
Liquid Hose
Gas Hose
Condenser Motor Harness
Condenser Motor Plate
Lid Screw Nut
Locking Screw Gasket
Lid Bolt Support
The discharge line check valve is a spring loaded,
normally closed valve that opens with the flow of
refrigerant from the compressor. When the compressor
clutch is disengaged, the discharge check valve will close,
preventing the flow of high pressure liquid from the
condenser to flow back into the compressor.
Figure 1-2. Condenser Unit
13. Square Nut
14. Locking Screw Gasket
15. Right Front Grille
16. Left Front Grille
17. Right Front Lateral Grille
18. Left Front Grille
19. Right Rear Lateral Grille
20. Left Rear Lateral Grille
21. Condenser Fiberglass Base
22. Condenser Top Cover Lid
23. Liquid Line Solenoid Valve
24. Receiver Tank Support
1-2
1.2.2 Evaporator Unit
coils provide a heat transfer surface for transferring heat
from engine coolant water circulating inside the tubes to
air circulating over the outside surface of the tubes, thus
providing heating when required. The fans circulate the
air over the coils. The air filters filter dirt particles from
the air before the air passes over the coils. The thermal
expansion valves meter the flow of refrigerant entering
the evaporator coils. The heat valve controls the flow of
engine coolant water supplied to the heating coils upon
receipt of a signal from the controller. The condensate
drain connections provide a means for connecting tubing
for disposing of condensate collected on the evaporator
coils during cooling operation.
The evaporator unit includes roadside and curbside
evaporator coils.
Each evaporator unit includes six fan and motor
assemblies, evaporator/heater coil assemblies, thermal
expansion valves, condensate drain connection(s), and
evaporator heat valve.
The evaporator coils provide a heat transfer surface for
transferring heat from air circulating over the outside
surface of the coil to refrigerant circulating inside the
tubes; thus providing cooling when required. The heating
1.
1a.
2.
3.
3a.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Figure 1-3. Evaporator Unit
Evaporator Coil, Roadside
9.
Evaporator Coil, Curbside
10.
Expansion Valve
11.
Evaporator Blower and Motor
12.
Allen Screw
13.
Humidity Sight Glass
14.
Return Air Filter
15.
Liquid Line
16.
Relay Board
17.
Logic Board
1-3
Suction Line
Discharge Line
Heating Line
Evaporator Motor Harness
Lid Screw --- Stopper
Locking Screw Gasket
Lid Bolt Support
Square Nut
Lid Locking Screw
T-283
1.2.3 Compressor Assembly
1.4 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS ECDC MOTORS
The compressor assembly includes the refrigerant
compressor, clutch assembly, suction and discharge
service valves, high pressure switch, low pressure switch,
suction and discharge servicing (charging) ports and
electric solenoid unloaders.
a. Evaporator/Heater Blower (Fan) Motor
Full Load Amps (FLA): 8.4A
Horsepower: 0.34
Voltage: 24 vdc
Operating Speed: 4375 rpm
The compressor raises the pressure and temperature of
the refrigerant and forces it into the condenser tubes.
The clutch assembly provides a means of belt driving the
compressor by the bus engine. The suction and discharge
service valves enable servicing of the compressor. Suction
and discharge servicing (charging) ports mounted on the
service valves enable connection of charging hoses for
servicing of the compressor, as well as other parts of the
refrigerant circuit. The high pressure switch contacts
open on a pressure rise to shut down the system when
abnormally high refrigerant pressures occur. The electric
unloaders provide a means of controlling compressor
capacity, which enables control of temperature inside the
bus. For more detailed information on the compressor,
refer to manual number 62-02756.
b. Condenser Fan Motor
Bearing Lubrication: Shell Dolium R
Horsepower: 0.15 hp
Full Load Amps (FLA): 7A
Operating Speed: 3180 rpm
Voltage: 24 vdc
1.5 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS -Controller Input Sensors and Transducers
a. Suction and Discharge Pressure Transducer
Supply Voltage: 4.5 to 5.5 vdc (5 vdc nominal)
Supply current: 8 mA maximum
Output Range: 8K ohms minimum
Input Range: ---6.7 to 450 psig (---46.2 kPa to 3.1 mPa)
Output Current: -1.5 mA minimum to
1.5 mA maximum
Output Voltage: vdc = 0.0098 x psig
+ 0.4659 (See Table 4-2 for calculations.)
1.3 REFRIGERATION SYSTEM COMPONENT
SPECIFICATIONS
a. Refrigeration Charge
R-134a: 11.3 lb (5.1 kg)
b. Temperature Sensors
Input Range: ---52.6 to 158_F (---47 to 70_C)
Output: NTC 10K ohms at 77_F (25_C)
(See Table 4-1 for calculations.)
b. Compressor
Model: 05G
No. of Cylinder: 6
Weight (Dry): 165 lb (75 kg)
Oil Charge:
New Compressor: 6.75 pints (3.2 liters)
Replacement Compressor: 5.5 pints (2.6 liters)
Oil Level:
Level in sight glass between Min.---Max marks on
compressor crankcase (curbside)
Approved Compressor Oils - R-134a:
Castrol: Icematic SW68C
Mobil: EAL Arctic 68
ICI: Emkarate RL68H
1.6 SAFETY DEVICES
System components are protected from damage caused
by unsafe operating conditions with safety devices. Safety
devices with Carrier Transicold supplied equipment
include high pressure switch (HPS), low pressure switch
(LPS), circuit breakers and fuses.
a. Thermal Switches
Condenser Motor Overloads
Each condenser fan motor is equipped with an internal
thermal protector switch, condenser motor overloads. If
excessive motor temperature exists, the condenser motor
overload switch will open to de-energize the
corresponding condenser fan.
c. Thermostatic Expansion Valve - for R-134a
Units:
Superheat Setting (Non-externally adjustable): 10
to 12_F
MOP Setting (Nonadjustable): 55 4 psig (375 28.5 kPa)
Evaporator Motor Overloads
The evaporator fan motors are equipped with internal
thermal protector switches. If excessive motor
temperature exists, the switch will open to de-energize
the corresponding evaporator fan; this will prevent the
affected evaporator motor from operating.
d. High Pressure Switch (HPS) - for R-134a
Units:
Opens at: 300 10 psig
Closes at: 200 10 psig
T-283
1-4
system using R-134a as a refrigerant. The main
components of the system are the reciprocating
compressor, air-cooled condenser coils, receiver,
filter-drier, thermostatic expansion valves, liquid line
solenoid valve and evaporator coils.
b. Pressure Switches
High Pressure Switch (HPS)
During the A/C mode, HVAC system operation will
automatically stop if the HPS switch contacts open due to
an unsafe operating condition. Opening HPS contacts
de-energizes, through the controller, the A/C compressor
clutch and condenser fan motor relays shutting down the
system.
The compressor raises the pressure and the temperature
of the refrigerant and forces it into the condenser tubes.
The condenser fan circulates surrounding air (which is at
a temperature lower than the refrigerant) over the
outside of the condenser tubes. Heat transfer is
established from the refrigerant (inside the tubes) to the
condenser air (flowing over the tubes). The condenser
tubes have fins designed to improve the transfer of heat
from the refrigerant gas to the air; this removal of heat
causes the refrigerant to liquefy, thus liquid refrigerant
leaves the condenser and flows to the receiver.
The high pressure switch (HPS) is installed in the center
head of the compressor and opens on a pressure rise to
shut down the system when high pressure conditions
occur. For R-134a systems, the switch is factory set to
open at 300 10 psig and close at 200 10 psig.
Low Pressure Switch (LPS)
The low pressure switch is installed in the compressor and
opens on a pressure drop to shut down the system when a
low pressure condition occurs. For R-134a systems, the
switch is factory set to open at 6 3 psig. In addition, if the
control monitors a pressure less than 10 psig by the
suction pressure transducer mounted in the evaporator
section, the system will be shut down for at least one
minute.
The receiver serves as a liquid refrigerant reservoir so
that a constant supply of liquid is available to the
evaporators as needed, and acts as a storage space when
pumping down the system. The receiver is equipped with
sight glasses to observe the refrigerant for restricted flow
and correct charge level.
The refrigerant leaves the receiver and passes through
the receiver outlet/service valve, through a filter-drier
where an absorbent keeps the refrigerant clean and dry.
c. Fuses and Breakers
All outputs from the relay board are protected against
high current by circuit breakers. Independent 15 amp
circuit breakers protect each motor. In addition, a 15 amp
fuse protects a motor from over current. During a high
current condition, the breaker or fuse may open. When
the breaker opens, power will be removed from the
device and a breaker alarm will be generated. When a
fuse opens, ground will be removed from the device and a
motor alarm will be generated.
From the filter-drier, the liquid refrigerant then flows to
the thermal expansion valves which reduce pressure and
temperature of the liquid and meters the flow of liquid
refrigerant to the evaporator to obtain maximum use of
the evaporator heat transfer surface.
The low pressure, low temperature liquid that flows into
the evaporator tubes is colder than the air that is
circulated over the evaporator tubes by the evaporator
blower (fan). Heat transfer is established from the
evaporator air (flowing over the tubes) to the refrigerant
(flowing inside the tubes). The evaporator tubes have
aluminum fins to increase heat transfer from the air to
the refrigerant; therefore the cooler air is circulated to
the interior of the bus. Liquid line solenoid valves close
during shutdown to prevent refrigerant flow.
d. Ambient Lockout
The ambient temperature sensor located in the
condenser section measures the condenser air
temperature. When the temperature is less than 45F, the
compressor is locked out until the temperature increases
above 50F to prevent compressor damage.
The transfer of heat from the air to the low temperature
liquid refrigerant in the evaporator causes the liquid to
vaporize. This low temperature, low pressure vapor
passes through the suction line and returns to the
compressor where the cycle repeats.
1.7 AIR CONDITIONING REFRIGERANT CYCLE
When air conditioning (cooling) is selected by the
controller, the unit operates as a vapor compression
1-5
T-283
Figure 1-4. Heater Flow Diagram
1.8 HEATER FLOW CYCLE
reheat cycles to maintain required temperatures inside
the bus. Engine coolant (glycol solution) is circulated
through the heating circuit by the engine and auxiliary
water pumps. When the evaporator heat valve solenoid
is energized, the valve will open to allow engine coolant to
flow through the heater coil (see Figure 1-4). The valve is
normally closed so that if a failure occurs, it will be able to
cool.
Heating circuit components furnished by Carrier
Transicold include heater cores and evaporator heat
valves for each evaporator assembly. Components
furnished by the bus manufacturer include auxiliary
heater and engine water pumps. The controller
automatically controls the heat valves during heating and
T-283
1-6
1.9 Relay Board -- Electronically Commutated DC Motors with 2-speed Input Signal
+
13
1
K1
K3
K2
4
D2
D6
K4
EF2 EF1
EF3 EF4
D14
D17
11
7
K7
6
2
3
5
K6
8
D81
EF HIGH
SIGNAL
EF6 EF5
D26
K10
10
D37
CF2 CF2 D38
12
D85
CF2 CF1
9
K8
K9
D41
CF
HIGH
SIGNAL
K14
K15
K16
K17
K18
K20
K19
K13
CF6 CF5
JP6
D57
D54
D63
JP5
D60
D72
D66
JP4
D51
D69
JP3
JP2
JP1
K24 K22 K21 K23
---
Figure 1-5 Relay Board
a. Relays
K1
Energizes evaporator fans 1 & 2.
K2
Energizes evaporator fans 3 & 4.
K3
Energizes evaporator fan 5.
K4
Energizes evaporator fan 6.
K5
Provides the evaporator fan high output
signal.
K6
Provides the condenser fan high output
signal. (Not used).
K7
Energizes condenser fans 1 & 2.
K8
Energizes condenser fans 3 & 4.
K9
Not used
K10 Not used
K13 Energizes the A/C clutch.
K14 Energizes unloader 1.
K15 Energizes unloader 2.
K16 Energizes the high low pressure failure.
K17 Energizes the heat solenoid valve.
K18 Energizes the alarm output.
K19 Energizes the booster pump.
K20 Energizes the motor fail light.
c. Connectors
EF1-EF6
Evaporator Fans.
CF1-CF4
Condenser Fans.
JP1
External evaporator & condenser fan
thermal overload connections.
JP2
Logic board connector.
JP3
Booster pump.
JP4
A/C Clutch, Pressure fault output,
Compressor High Pressure Switch.
JP5
High pressure fail, motor fail output,
heat valve.
JP6
Unloaders 1 & 2.
EF-HIGH SIGNAL
Output to the evaporator
fans to operate on high
speed.
CF-HIGH SIGNAL
Output to condenser fans to
operate on high speed.
(Not used)
d. LEDS
D 2 Evaporator fans 1 & 2 are energized.
D 6 Evaporator fans 3 & 4 are energized.
D14 Evaporator fan 5 is energized.
D17 Evaporator fan 6 is energized.
D26 Condenser fans 1 & 2 energized.
D30 Condenser fans 3 & 4 energized.
D38 Condenser fans 5 & 6 energized. (Not used).
D51 A/C clutch output active.
D54 Unloader 1 output active.
D57 Unloader 2 output active.
D60 High low pressure failure.
D63 Heat valve output active.
D66 Alarm output active.
D69
D72 Motor fail light.
D81 Evaporator fans on high.
D85 Condenser fans on high. (Not used).
b. Thermal Circuit Breakers 24V
CB 1 Evaporator fan #1.
15 Amp.
CB 2 Evaporator fan #2.
15 Amp.
CB 3 Evaporator fan #3.
15 Amp.
CB 4 Evaporator fan #4.
15 Amp.
CB 5 Evaporator fan #5.
15 Amp.
CB 6 Evaporator fan #6.
15 Amp.
CB 7 Condenser fan #1.
15 Amp.
CB 8 Condenser fan #2.
15 Amp.
CB 9 Condenser fan #3.
15 Amp.
CB10 Condenser fan #4.
15 Amp.
CB11 Spare.
15 Amp.
CB12 Spare.
15 Amp.
CB13 A/c clutch, unloaders 1&2
motor fail, heat valve, pressure fail
& spare output.
15 Amp.
1-7
T-283
1.10 Logic Board
Figure 1-6 Logic Board
J7 Diagnostics interface (RS232, DB9).
D2 Blinks once per second in normal operation.
On steady to indicate alarms detected.
D3 Off In normal operation, blinks out alarm
codes (2 digits each) when alarms detected.
J1
J2
J3
J4
Logic board power in.
Display interface.
Manual control inputs.
Interlock Inputs
(WTS, low side pressure switch etc.)
J5 Relay board interface.
J6 Sensor inputs (Thermistors, etc.).
T-283
1-8
1.11 Control Panel (Diagnostic Module)
1
2
3
5
6
4
7
11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
10
Display
Down --- decrease selection
Up --- increase selection
Ventilation
Auto Control Selection
Air Conditioning
8
9
Figure 1-7. Diagnostic Module
7. Heating
8. Fan Speed Selection
9. Not used
10. Temperature Inside / Outside
11. Turn On / Turn Off
1-9
T-283
SECTION 2
OPERATION
2.1 STARTING, STOPPING AND OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
2.1.1 HVAC Power to Controller
Before starting the system, electrical power must be
available from the bus power supply. The HVAC
controller receives power from two sources:
a.
24 vdc power for the microprocessor electronics
is supplied through the bus multiplex module.
b.
24 vdc, 125 amp, power from a fuse in the battery
compartment supplies power which controls
relays, clutch and unloader solenoids in the
compressor,
evaporator and condenser
assemblies; this power is controlled by the HVAC
controller.
2.1.2
a.
Starting
If the engine is not running, start the engine.
After the engine is started place the A/C switch
located on the dash in the on position. All system
controls will operate automatically in heating,
cooling or ventilating mode, as required.
2.1.3
Self-Test and Diagnostics
(Check for Errors and/or Alarms)
Self-test of the main controller electrical circuit is
automatically initiated when the system is first
powered up. If there is an error in the circuit, ER‘‘x”
will be indicated by flashing the error code on both the
status and code LED’s simultaneously. If a diagnostic
module is connected to the controller, the error code
can also be read on the display. If there are no errors
in the circuit, system will operate normally and flash
the status LED at a one second interval. During
normal operation, the controller monitors system
operating parameters for out of tolerance conditions.
If an out of tolerance condition occurs, ALARM will
be indicated through the code LED or on the
diagnostic tool display. If an alarm condition exists,
diagnostics can be manually initiated to isolate system
fault(s) by simultaneously pressing the up and down
keys continuously for five seconds to view more
information. Refer to section 3 for definition of
system errors and alarms and general troubleshooting
procedures.
2.1.4 Stopping
With the system operating, switching the AC switch to
the off position will stop the HVAC system operation
by removing power to the logic module.
2.2 PRE-TRIP INSPECTION
After starting system operation, allow system to
stabilize for ten to fifteen minutes and check for the
following:
a.
Listen for abnormal noises in compressor or fan
motors.
b.
Check compressor oil level. (Refer to section
4.12.2.)
c.
Check refrigerant level. (Refer to section 4.7.1.)
d.
Ensure that self-test has been successfully
performed and that there are no errors or alarms
indicated. (Refer to section 2.1.7.)
2.3
2.3.1 Temperature Control
Temperature is controlled by maintaining the return
air temperature measured at the return air grille.
2.3.1.1 Capacity Control
The controller automatically compares system
temperatures with the controller setpoints and
changes system operating modes at certain
temperature deviations. Figure 2-1 shows various
changes in operating modes and controller actions at
various temperature deviations from controller
setpoint. Upon rising temperature, mode changes
occur when temperatures are above those given in
Figure 2-1 above controller setpoints, On a falling
temperature,
mode
changes
occur
when
temperatures are below those given in Figure 2-1. The
system will operate in these modes unless pressures
override the controller settings.
2-1
T-283
SYSTEM OPERATION
Cool
High Speed
Loaded
Cool
High Speed
4 Cylinders
Cool
High Speed
2 Cylinders
Reheat
High Speed
2 Cylinders
Heat
Low Speed
Heat
High Speed
Figure 2-1. Auto Reheat Mode
2-2
T-283
2.3.1.2 Cooling/Reheat
Cooling and reheat require various combinations of
compressor unloading. Cooling is accomplished by
energizing the compressor and condenser fans,
opening the liquid solenoid valve and closing the
heating valve. Reheat opens the heat valve while
cooling. This allows for reduced capacity around
setpoint and de-humidification.
2.3.1.3 Heating
During heating, the liquid solenoid is closed to stop
cooling and the compressor and condenser fans will
shut down. The fan speed will vary based on the
temperature difference from setpoint. Heating will
not start until the engine coolant switch (ECS) closes.
The ECS is located on the block of the vehicle and is
provided by the OEM. It senses the engine coolant
temperature. The switch closes at 105F on
temperature rise. The switch prevents the circulation
of cooler air throughout the vehicle during initial
start-up.
2.3.2 Boost Pump
When the unit is in heat the boost pump relay is
energized. This signal is read by the bus multiplex
system to activate the boost pump.
2.3.3 Compressor Unloader Control
The unloader outputs control the capacity of the
compressor by energizing or de-energizing unloader
solenoid valves. Energizing a valve solenoid
de-activates a pair of compressor cylinders. The
Model 05G compressor has six cylinders. Four
cylinders are equipped with two sets of unloader
valves (UV1 and UV2), each controlling two
cylinders; this allows the compressor to be operated
with two, four or six cylinders. When the compressor is
off, the unloaders are de-energized immediately.
Whenever the compressor is changed from off to on,
the unloaders are forced energized for fifteen
seconds. After fifteen seconds, one unloader may be
de-energized, if required. Any subsequent changes
between energizing and de-energizing the unloaders
must be staged with a two second delay. Only one
unloader may change state at a time when staging is
required.
a. Suction Pressure
In addition to temperature control, the electric
unloaders will be used to prevent coil frosting:
1.
2.
Compressor Unloader UV1 Relay. When the
suction pressure decreases below 26 psig, the first
unloader is energized unloading the first
compressor cylinder bank (two cylinders); this
output will remain energized until the pressure
increases to above 34 psig.
Compressor Unloader UV2 Relay. When the
suction pressure decreases below 23 psig, the
second unloader is energized unloading the
second compressor cylinder bank (two cylinders);
this output will remain energized until the
pressure increases to above 31 psig.
b. Discharge Pressure
Head Pressure is also controlled by the unloaders:
1.
Compressor Unloader UV1 Relay. When the
discharge pressure increases above 275 psig, the
first compressor unloader is energized; this
output will remain energized until the pressure
decreases below 220 psig. Staging is ignored for
energizing the unloader due to discharge
pressure overrides.
2.
Compressor Unloader UV2 Relay. When the
discharge pressure increases above 285 psig, the
second unloader is energized; this output will
remain energized until the pressure decreases
below 225 psig.
2.3.4 Evaporator Fan Speed Selection
Each air conditioning unit is equipped with six two
speed fan motors. Temperature control is the primary
method of determining the fan speed selection. The
following table indicates relay operational status for
the various fan motor states.
Table 2-1. Main Evaporator Fan Speed
Relay Operation
STATE
Off
Low
High
EVAP FAN
RELAYS
Off
On
On
The evaporator fans will start in low speed and run in
high speed for cool and reheat modes. During heat
mode the fans will run in either high or low speed (see
figure 2-1).
Exceptions to the above are as follows:
a.
In the event that the coolant temperature switch
is open, the evaporator fans are kept off during
heating.
2.3.5 Condenser Fan Speed Control
The condenser fans are energized when the
compressor clutch output is energized. The fans will
also be activated if a high pressure alarm has been
activated and operation has not been locked out
(refer to table 3-3).
2.3.6 Compressor Clutch Control
A belt driven electric clutch is employed to transmit
engine power to the air conditioning compressor.
De-energizing the clutch electric coil disengages the
clutch and removes power from the compressor. The
clutch will be engaged when in cooling. The clutch will
2-3
T-283
HIGH
SPEED
RELAY
Off
Off
On
be disengaged when the system is off, when in heating
or during high and low pressure conditions.
b.
Connect the MDST to the service port located in
the return air section.
The clutch coil is prevented from engagement when
the ambient temperature is below 45_F (7.2_C).
c.
Unplug the logic board connector J3.
d.
Turn the A/C main switch located in the driver’s
area back to the ON position.
e.
Activate the system by pressing the 1/0 key on the
MDST panel.
The clutch coil will be de-energized if the discharge
pressure rises to 300 psig, the setting of the
compressor mounted high pressure switch. The clutch
coil will energize when the discharge pressure falls to
200 psig.
NOTE
Be sure to reconnect J3 when testing is
completed or the system will fail to operate
when the MDST is disconnected.
The clutch coil will be de-energized if the suction
pressure decreases below 10 psig.
2.3.7 Alarm Description
Alarm descriptions and troubleshooting procedures
are provided in section 3.
2.3.8 Hour Meters
An hour meter records the compressor run time
hours. The maximum hours is 999,999.
(Refer to table 3-2)
An hour meter records the total time the evaporators
are on in hours. The maximum hours is 999,999.
(Refer to table 3-2)
2.4 MICROPROCESSOR DIAGNOSTIC
SERVICE TOOL (MDST)
The MDST is a diagnostic service tool that allows the
user to interface with the microprocessor based
control. This allows system parameters, alarms and
settings to be viewed and modified.
2.4.1 Connecting
Connect the MDST harness to the service port
located in the return air section of the A/C system.
When the MDST is connected, the panel lights will be
energized and the currently stored setpoint will be
displayed. If any alarm is active, the reading will be
Axx, where A indicates that the alarm is active and xx
indicates the alarm number.
2.4.2 Control
NOTE
This procedure should be performed by an
HVAC educated technician who knows the
Carrier Capri 280 system design. Control
configuration is preset in by the
manufacturer and resetting of the
parameters should not be required. It is
recommended that Carrier Service or
Engineering is contacted before any control
configuration is changed. Carrier can not be
responsible for changes made by the
customer which cause system failure if there
has not been an opportunity to approve the
changes.
a.
Turn the A/C main switch located in the driver’s
area to OFF.
2.4.3 Setpoint Change
Setpoint may be changed by pressing up or down
arrow keys. The up key will increase the setpoint
temperature and the down key will decrease the
setpoint temperature.
NOTE
When modifying the setpoint temperature
for diagnostic purposes, be sure to reset the
setpoint when testing is complete.
2.4.4 Mode Keys
The mode keys allow the operation to be selected as
auto, cool, heat, or vent. The default operation is auto
as shown in Figure 2-1.
2.4.4.1 Cool
The compressor is always operational in cool mode
unless overridden by safety device. Air conditioning
will run until setpoint is reached at which time the heat
valve will open and reheat is performed.
2.4.4.2 Heat
The compressor will not operate in heat mode. The
heat valve is opened until 1_F below setpoint at which
time the heat valve closes and the evaporator fans run
in ventilation.
2.4.4.3 Vent
In vent mode, only the evaporator fans operate.
2.4.5 Fan Key
The fan key allows the evaporator fan speed to be
overridden to high or low. The evaporator fan speed
will be reset to auto when auto mode key is pressed.
2.4.6 Temperature Key
The temperature key allows the actual return air
ambient temperatures to be displayed.
2.4.7 Diagnostic Mode
Diagnostic mode can be entered by pressing the up
and down arrow keys simultaneously for 5 seconds.
Diagnostic mode allows alarms and system
parameters to be viewed. If there are any alarms
stored, the most recent alarm will be shown. To view
additional alarm information, refer to section 3. Press
the up and down arrow keys to view parameters.
2-4
T-283
2.4.8 SYSTEM PARAMETERS
Pressing the up/down arrow keys will allow the user to
scroll up or down through the parameters. If no key is
pressed for 30 seconds this mode is exited and the
display will revert back to setpoint. Pressing the on/off
key any time will exit this mode and the display will
again indicate the setpoint setting. The parameters
are shown in Table 2-2. When scrolling through the
parameters, the current parameter parameter will be
displayed for two seconds. After two seconds, the
display will show the data for the current parameter.
When the last parameter is reached, the next
parameter will wrap back to one.
Table 2-2. Parameter Codes
CODE
CODE NAME
DESCRIPTION
P1
Return Air Temperature
This value is the temperature measured by the return air sensor. If the sensor
is shorted it will display CL. If it is open circuited it will display OP.
P2
Coil Temperature
This value is the coil temperature measured by the evaporator temperature
sensor. If the sensor is shorted it will display CL. If it is open circuited it will
display OP.
P3
Ambient Temperature
This value is the outside temperature measured by the ambient temperature
sensor. If the sensor is shorted it will display CL. If it is open circuited it will
display OP.
P4
Suction Line Temperature (not used)
Not used.
P5
Suction Pressure
This value is the suction pressure measured by the suction pressure transducer. If the sensor is shorted it will display CL If it is open circuited it will display
OP. If the auto key is pressed and held for five seconds the suction pressure
will be calibrated to zero and the offset will be stored in no-volatile memory.
This calibration will be locked out if the offset is greater than 20 or less than
6.7 or if the clutch output is energized.
P6
Discharge Pressure
This value is the discharge pressure measured by the discharge pressure
transducer. If the sensor is shorted it will display “CL” and if it is open circuited
it will display “OP”. If the auto key is pressed and held for five seconds the
suction pressure will be calibrated to zero and the offset will be stored in
non-volatile memory. This calibration will be locked out if the offset is greater
than 20 or less than 6.7 or if the clutch output is energized.
P7
Superheat (not used)
Not used.
P8
Analog Setpoint Temperature (not used)
Not used.
P9
A/C Control Window #1
This is the number of degrees F above setpoint at which the unloaders will be
both energized. This value can be modified between 0 and 10 degrees F. The
default value is 1 degree F.
P10
A/C Control Window #2
This is the number of degrees F above AC control window one at which the
first unloader will be energized. This value can be modified between 0 and 10
degrees F. The default value is 1 degree F.
P11
A/C Control Window #3
This is the number of degrees F above AC control window two at which the
evaporator fan speed will be set to low. This value can be modified between
0 and 10 degrees F. The default value is 1 degree F.
P12
Heat Control Window
This is the number of degrees F below setpoint before the heat valve is energized. This value can be modified between 0 and 10 degrees F. The default
value is 2 degree F for heat and 4 degrees F for reheat.
P13
Compressor Safety Off
Delay
This number is the minimum time in minutes that the compressor must be off
after a high or low pressure alarm before it can be restarted. This value can be
modified between one and five minutes. The default value is 1.
P14
Fan Delay
This is the minimum time (in seconds) that the fans must run at a particular
speed before changing to another speed. This value can be modified between one and 60 seconds. The default value is two seconds.
2-5
T-283
Table 2-2. Parameter Codes --- Continued
Code
Code Name
Description
P15
Unloader/Heat Valve
Delay
This is the minimum time (in seconds) that the unloaders and heat valve must
be in a particular state (open /closed) before changing to another state. This
value can be modified between 1 and 60 seconds. The default value is 2 seconds.
P16
Compressor Head Pressure Switch
This is the current state of the compressor head pressure switch input. “CL”
will be displayed if it is closed and “OP” will be displayed if it is open.
P17
Condenser Fan Speed
Switch (not used)
Not used.
P18
Maximum Setpoint
This is the maximum value that the operator will be allowed to set the setpoint
temperature. The value can be modified in degrees with the up and down keys
to a value between 60F and 80F.
P19
Minimum Setpoint
This is the minimum value that the operator will be allowed to set the setpoint
temperature. The value can be modified in degrees with the up and down keys
to a value between 60F and 80F.
P20
Compressor Hours High
This is the number of hours of operation that the compressor has run with the
clutch energized in thousands
P21
Compressor Hours Low
This is the number of hours of operation that the compressor has run with the
clutch energized in hundreds, tens and ones.
P22
Evaporator Hours High
This is the number (in thousands) of hours of operation with the evaporator
fans energized.
P23
Evaporator Hours Low
This is the number (in hundreds, tens and ones) of hours of operation with the
evaporator fans energized.
P24
Maintenance 1 Hour
High
This is the value of compressor hours high (P20) at which maintenance alarm
#1 will be activated. This value can be modified by the up and down arrow
keys. If both high and low values are zero the alarm is disabled.
P25
Maintenance 1 Hour
Low
This is the value of compressor hours low (P21) at which maintenance alarm
#1 will be activated. This value can be modified by the up and down arrow
keys. If both high and low values are zero the alarm is disabled.
P26
Maintenance 2 Hours
High
This is the value of evaporator fan hours high (P22) at which maintenance
alarm #2 will be activated. This value can be modified by the up and down
arrow keys. If both high and low values are zero the alarm is disabled.
P27
Maintenance 2 Hours
Low
This is the value of evaporator fan hours low (P23) at which maintenance
alarm #2 will be activated. This value can be modified by the up and down
arrow keys. If both high and low values are zero the alarm is disabled.
P28
Freeze Alarm Setting
This is the value at which the freeze alarm will be activated. The default value
is 32F. This value can be modified between 20F and 40F in one degree increments by using the arrow keys
P29
Relay Module Voltage
This is the voltage being supplied to the relay module.
P30
Main Board Software
Version
This is the software version of the logic module.
P31
Display Software Version
This is the software version of the display module.
P32
Ki
Not used.
P33
Kp
Not used.
2-6
T-283
SECTION 3
TROUBLESHOOTING
!
CAUTION
!
DO NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES
ATTEMPT TO SERVICE THE MICROPROCESSOR. SHOULD A PROBLEM DEVELOP WITH
THE MICROPROCESSOR, REPLACE IT.
3.1 SELF DIAGNOSTICS
Self tests are executed on power up during operation. Errors, if any, will be indicated by the display and the unit will
not be allowed to operate. The display will indicate errors
with the code ER-X (X is the error number). The error
codes can also be read by counting the number of times
that the status and alarm LED’s flash simultaneously.
Table 3-1. Error Codes
Code
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ER 1
Data Memory
Logic board data memory failure.
ER 2
Program Memory
Logic board program memory failure.
ER 3
A/D
A/D and multiplexer failure.
ER 4
Communication Failure
Failure in communication between the logic board and MDST.
ER 5
Program Memory
Display program memory failure.
3.2 SYSTEM ALARMS
alarm is already present. Each alarm recorded will also
have an evaporator hour meter reading corresponding to
the activation time. When an alarm becomes inactive a
status indicator in the alarm queue will change to indicate
that the alarm is inactive. If any alarms are active the fault
output will be energized.
a. Alarm codes
Alarms will be displayed by “AXX”, or “IXX” where “A”
indicates that the alarm is active and “I” indicates that the
alarm is inactive. If the auto key is pressed the display will
scroll through the three digit hour meter readings. If
multiple alarms are present the user can scroll through
each alarm by pressing the auto key. When the end of the
alarm list is reached the display will show “--- --- ---”. If the
auto key is held down for five seconds while “--- --- ---” is
displayed all inactive alarms are cleared.
c. Alarm queue
The alarm queue consist of 10 alarm locations. When the
alarm queue is full an alarm will be generated but not
stored to indicated this. When alarms are viewed this will
be the first alarm to be shown.
d. Alarm clear
b. Activation
When an alarm becomes active they will be placed in an
alarm queue in the order at which they initiate unless the
The user may clear inactive alarms through the MDST
keypad or computer communications.
T-283
3-1
Table 3-2. Alarm Codes
ALARM
NO.
TITLE
CAUSE
REMEDY
CONTROLLER
RESPONSE
11
Coil Freeze
Coil temperature is less
than 32F and the compressor is operating.
Check causes of coil
freezing. (Refer to section 3.5.6)
An alarm will be generated
and the system will shutdown. The evaporator fans
will remain running while the
compressor is off.
12
High Voltage
The battery voltage is
greater than 32 volts.
Check, repair or replace
alternator.
The system is shut down
until the voltage returns to
normal levels.
13
Low Voltage
The battery voltage is
less than 17 volts.
Check, repair or replace
wiring or alternator.
The system is shut down
until the voltage returns to
normal levels.
14
Return Air Probe Failure
Return air temperature
sensor failure or wiring
defective.
Ensure all connectors
are plugged in. Check
sensor resistance or wiring. Replace sensor or
repair wiring.
All outputs except the evaporator fans will be de-energized.
15
Suction Pressure
Transducer Failure
Suction pressure transducer failure or wiring
defective.
Ensure all connectors
Both unloaders are enerare plugged in. Check
gized.
sensor voltage or wiring.
Replace sensor or repair
wiring.
16
Discharge Pressure
Transducer Failure
Discharge pressure
transducer failure or wiring defective.
Ensure all connectors
One unloader is energized.
are plugged in. Check
sensor voltage or wiring.
Replace sensor or repair
wiring.
17
Low Pressure Shutdown
Low suction pressure
switch open or wiring
defective.
Check cause of low suction pressure. (Refer to
section 3.5.3)
The clutch is de-energized
for the minimum off time.
The evaporator fans will remain running during this period. After the compressor
cycles off three times in 30
minutes all outputs will be
de-energized and the system is locked out until the
power is cycled or the alarm
is reset through the keypad.
21
High Discharge Pressure
High discharge pressure Check discharge presswitch open or wiring
sure transducer reading,
defective.
wiring or cause of high
discharge pressure.
(Refer to section 3.5.3)
The clutch is de-energized
for the minimum off time.
The condenser and evaporator fans will remain running during this period. After the compressor cycles
off three times in 30 minutes
all outputs will be de-energized and the system is
locked out until the power is
cycled or the alarm is reset
through the keypad.
22
Breaker Trip Alarm
A breaker on the relay
board has tripped or a
fan relay has failed.
Check breakers for
tripped device. Repair
short and reset breaker.
Alarm will be generated.
23
Evaporator Fan Overload
Evaporator fan overload
jumper is open.
Ensure connector is
plugged in or repair
wiring.
Alarm will be generated.
24
Condenser Fan Overload
Condenser fan overload
jumper is open.
Ensure connector is
plugged in or repair
wiring.
Alarm will be generated.
T-283
3-2
Table 3-2. Alarm Codes (Continued)
ALARM
NO
TITLE
25
Motor Failure
26
Not used
31
CAUSE
REMEDY
CONTROLLER
RESPONSE
A motor has not reached Replace motor, or corfull operating speed or
rect pressure shutdown.
the condenser motors
have shut down due to a
pressure alarm or the
motor fuse has blown.
Alarm displayed and the
motor fail output is energized.
Maintenance Alarm 1
The compressor hour
meter is greater than the
value in Maintenance
Hour Meter 1.
Reset the maintenance
hour meter.
Alarm will be generated.
32
Maintenance Alarm 2
The evaporator hour
meter is greater than the
value in Maintenance
Hour Meter 2.
Reset the maintenance
hour meter.
Alarm will be generated.
99
Alarm Queue Full
All locations of the alarm Record and clear alarm
queue are currently full
queue.
and no more alarms can
be saved.
Alarm will be generated.
T-283
3-3
Table 3-3. General System Troubleshooting Procedures
INDICATION/
TROUBLE
SYSTEM WILL NOT COOL
Compressor will not run
POSSIBLE CAUSES
Active system alarm
V-Belt loose or defective
Clutch coil defective
Clutch malfunction
Compressor malfunction
Electrical malfunction
Coach power source defective
Circuit Breaker/safety device open
SYSTEM RUNS BUT HAS INSUFFICIENT COOLING
Compressor
V-Belt loose or defective
Compressor valves defective
Refrigeration system
Abnormal pressures
No or restricted evaporator air flow
Expansion valve malfunction
Restricted refrigerant flow
Low refrigerant charge
Service valves partially closed
Safety device open
Liquid solenoid valve stuck closed
Restricted air flow
No evaporator air flow or restriction
Heating system
Heat valve stuck open
ABNORMAL PRESSURES
High discharge pressure
Discharge transducer failure
Refrigerant overcharge
Noncondensable in system
Condenser motor failure
Condenser coil dirty
Low discharge pressure
Discharge transducer failure
Compressor valve(s) worn or broken
Low refrigerant charge
High suction pressure
Compressor valve(s) worn or broken
Low suction pressure
Suction service valve partially closed
Filter-drier inlet valve partially closed
Filter-drier partially plugged
Low refrigerant charge
Expansion valve malfunction
Restricted air flow
Suction transducer failure
Suction and discharge pressures Compressor valve defective
tend to equalize when system is
operating
ABNORMAL NOISE OR VIBRATIONS
Compressor
Loose mounting hardware
Worn bearings
Worn or broken valves
Liquid slugging
Insufficient oil
Clutch loose, rubbing or is defective
V-belt cracked, worn or loose
Dirt or debris on fan blades
REFERENCE
SECTION
3.2
Check
Check/Replace
Check/Replace
See Note
Check/Repair
Check/Reset
Check
See Note.
see below
3.5.6
p. 3-5 and 4.11
p. 3-5 and 4.11
4.5 and 4.7
Open
1.6
Check
p. 3-5
p. 3-5
Replace
4.4
Check
Check
Clean
See Note.
4.5 & 4.7
See Note.
Open
Check/ Open
4.10
4.5 and 4.7
p. 3-5
p. 3-5
Replace
See Note.
Check/Tighten
See Note.
See Note.
p. 3-5
4.12.2
Check
Check/Adjust
Clean
T-283
3-4
Table 3-3. General System Troubleshooting Procedures - Continued
INDICATION/
POSSIBLE CAUSES
TROUBLE
ABNORMAL NOISE OR VIBRATIONS --- Continued
Condenser or evaporator fans
Loose mounting hardware
Defective bearings
Blade interference
Blade missing or broken
CONTROL SYSTEM MALFUNCTION
Will not control
Sensor or transducer defective
Relay(s) defective
Microprocessor controller malfunction
NO EVAPORATOR AIR FLOW OR RESTRICTED AIR FLOW
Air flow through coil blocked
Coil frosted over
Dirty coil
Dirty filter
No or partial evaporator air flow
Motor(s) defective
Motor brushes defective
Evaporator fan loose or defective
Fan damaged
Return air filter dirty
icing of coil
Fan relay(s) defective
Safety device open
Fan rotation incorrect
EXPANSION VALVE MALFUNCTION
Low suction pressure with high
Low refrigerant charge
superheat
Wax, oil or dirt plugging valve orifice
Ice formation at valve seat
Power assembly failure
Loss of bulb charge
Broken capillary
Low superheat and liquid slugging Superheat setting too low
in the compressor
Ice or other foreign material holding valve open
Side to side temperature differWax, oil or dirt plugging valve orifice
ence (Warm Coil)
Ice formation at valve seat
Power assembly failure
Loss of bulb charge
Broken capillary
HEATING MALFUNCTION
Insufficient heating
Dirty or plugged heater core
Coolant solenoid valve(s) malfunctioning or plugged
Low coolant level
Strainer(s) plugged
Hand valve(s) closed
Water pumps defective
Auxiliary Heater malfunctioning.
No Heating
Coolant solenoid valve(s) malfunctioning or plugged
Controller malfunction
Pump(s) malfunctioning
Safety device open
Continuous Heating
Coolant solenoid valve stuck open
T-283
3-5
REFERENCE
SECTION
Check/Tighten
Replace
Check
Check/Replace
4.14 or 4.15
Check
Check
Defrost coil
Clean
Clean/Replace
Repair/Replace
Replace
Repair/Replace
Repair/Replace
Clean/Replace
Clean/Defrost
Check/Replace
1.6
Check
4.5 and 4.7
Check
4.6
Replace
Replace
4.11
4.11
4.6
Check
4.6
Replace
Replace
4.11
Clean
Check/Replace
Check
Clean
Open
Repair/Replace
Repair/Replace
Check/Replace
Replace
Repair/Replace
1.6
Replace
SECTION 4
SERVICE
!
WARNING
!
BE SURE TO OBSERVE WARNINGS LISTED IN
THE SAFETY SUMMARY IN THE FRONT OF THIS
MANUAL BEFORE PERFORMING MAINTENANCE ON THE HVAC SYSTEM
4.1 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
SYSTEM
ON
REFERENCE
SECTION
OPERATION
OFF
a. Daily Maintenance
X
X
Pre-trip Inspection --- after starting
Check tension and condition of V-belt
2.2
None
b. Weekly Inspection
X
X
X
X
Perform daily inspection
Check condenser, evaporator coils and air filters for cleanliness
Check refrigerant hoses and compressor shaft seal for leaks
Feel filter-drier for excessive temperature drop across drier
4.1.a
None
4.5
4.10
c. Monthly Inspection and Maintenance
X
X
X
X
X
X
4.2
Perform weekly inspection and maintenance
Clean evaporator drain pans and hoses
Check wire harnesses for chafing and loose terminals
Check fan motor bearings
Check compressor mounting bolts for tightness
Check fan motor brushes
4.1.b
None
Replace/Tighten
None
None
None
To measure suction or discharge pressure, midseat the
valve by opening the valve clockwise 1/4 to 1/2 turn. With
the valve stem midway between frontseated and
backseated positions, the suction or discharge line is
open to both the compressor and the gauge connection.
SUCTION AND DISCHARGE SERVICE VALVES
The suction and discharge service valves used on the
compressor are equipped with mating flanges for
connection to flanges on the compressor. These valves
are provided with a double seat and a gauge connection,
which allows servicing of the compressor and refrigerant
lines. (See Figure 4-1.)
To Discharge or
from Suction Line
Turning the valve stem counterclockwise (all the way out)
will backseat the valve to open the suction or discharge
line to the compressor and close off the gauge
connection. In normal operation, the valve is backseated
to allow full flow through the valve. The valve should
always be backseated when connecting the service
manifold gauge lines to the gauge ports.
Port to
Compressor
Service Valve
Frontseated
(clockwise)
Turning the valve stem clockwise (all the way forward)
will frontseat the valve to close off the suction or discharge
line to isolate the compressor and open the gauge
connection.
Valve Cap
Gauge
Connection
Valve
Stem
Service Valve
Backseated
(counterclockwise)
Figure 4-1. Suction or Discharge Service Valve
4-1
T-283
4.3
INSTALLING MANIFOLD GAUGES
l.
The manifold gauge set can be used to determine system
operating pressures, add charge, equalize or evacuate the
system. (See figure 4-2.)
Low Pressure
Gauge
Open suction service valve
approximately 1/4 to 1/2 turns.
4.4
PUMPING THE SYSTEM DOWN OR
REMOVING THE REFRIGERANT CHARGE
NOTE
To avoid damage to the earth’s ozone layer, use a
refrigerant recovery system whenever removing
refrigerant.
High Pressure
Gauge
4.4.1
Hand Valve
(Open)
A
A. Connection to
Low Side of System
B. Connection to
High Side of System
C
B
Hand Valve
(Frontseated)
a.
The manifold gauge in figure 4-2 shows hand valves,
gauges and refrigerant openings. When the low pressure
hand valve is frontseated (turned all the way in), the low
(evaporator) pressure can be checked. When the high
pressure hand valve is frontseated, high (condensing)
pressure can be checked. When both valves are open
(turned counterclockwise), high pressure vapor will flow
into the low side. When the low pressure valve is open,
the system can be charged or evacuated. Oil can also be
added to the system.
Remove both service valve stems and service port
caps. Backseat (counterclockwise) both service
valves.
c.
Connect the low side hose loosely to suction service
valve port.
b.
Frontseat filter-drier inlet service valve by turning
clockwise. Start system and run in cooling. Stop the
unit when the suction pressure reaches 1 psig (6.9
kPa) to maintain a slight positive pressure.
c.
Frontseat (close) suction service valve to trap the
refrigerant in the high side of the system between the
compressor suction service valve and the filter drier
inlet valve. The low side of the system will now be at 1
psig (6.9 kPa) pressure and ready for servicing,
d. Service or replace the necessary component on the
low side of the system.
Install the manifold gauge set as follows:
Connect the high side hose tightly to discharge
service valve port.
e.
Leak check connections. (Refer to section 4.5.)
f.
Evacuate and dehydrate the low side. (Refer to
section 4.6.)
4.4.2
Frontseat (clockwise) both manifold gauge hand
valves.
f.
Open discharge service valve counterclockwise
approximately 1/4 to 1/2 turns.
g.
Slowly open (counterclockwise) manifold discharge
hand valve approximately one turn.
Removing the Refrigerant Charge
Connect a refrigerant recovery system to the unit near
the receiver to remove refrigerant charge. Refer to
instructions provided by the manufacturer of the
refrigerant recovery system.
a.
d. Loosen charging (center) hose at dummy fitting of
manifold set.
e.
Install manifold gauge set. (Refer to section 4.3.)
NOTE
The following procedure may have to be
repeated several times to maintain the 1 psig (6.9
kPa) pressure depending upon amount of
refrigerant absorbed in the oil.
C. Connection to Either:
Vacuum Pump
Refrigerant Cylinder
Oil Container
Evacuation Line
b.
System Pumpdown
To service or replace the filter-drier, expansion valve,
evaporator coil, or suction line, pump the refrigerant into
condenser coil and receiver as follows:
Figure 4-2. Manifold Gauge Set
a.
counterclockwise
b.
NOTES
Before opening up any part of the system, a
slight positive pressure should be indicated on
the gauge.
When opening up the refrigerant system,
certain parts may frost. Allow the part to
warm to ambient temperature before
dismantling; this avoids internal
condensation, which puts moisture in the
system.
h. Tighten charging hose onto dummy fitting.
4.5
i.
Slowly open the manifold suction hand valve to
remove air from line.
j.
Tighten suction hose at the suction service valve port.
A refrigerant leak check should always be performed
after the system has been opened to replace or repair a
component.
k.
Frontseat (close) both manifold hand valves.
T-283
REFRIGERANT LEAK CHECK
To check for leaks in the refrigeration system, perform
the following procedure:
4-2
c. Procedure for Evacuation and
Dehydrating System
NOTE
It must be emphasized that only the correct
refrigerant drum should be connected to
pressurize the system. Any other gas or
vapor will contaminate the system, which
will require additional evacuation and
evacuation of the high (discharge) side of
the system.
1.
Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery
system.
2.
Ensure the main liquid line and driver solenoid
valves are open.
The recommended method is connecting three lines
(3/8” OD copper tubing or larger) to manifold.
Attach one line to the filter-drier outlet valve,
compressor suction and discharge service valves.
(See Figure 4-3.)
3.
b.
If system is without refrigerant, charge system with
refrigerant to build up pressure between 30 to 50 psig
(207 to 345 kPa).
Connect lines to unit and manifold and make sure
vacuum gauge valve is closed and vacuum pump valve
is open.
4.
c.
Add sufficient nitrogen to raise system pressure to
150 to 200 psig (1.03 to 1.4 mPa).
Open solenoid valves electrically (jumper 24v to coil)
to ensure a good vacuum is obtained.
5.
Start vacuum pump. Slowly open valves halfway and
then open vacuum gauge valve.
6.
Evacuate unit until vacuum gauge indicates 1500
microns (29.86 inches = 75.8 cm) Hg vacuum. Close
gauge valve, vacuum pump valve, and stop vacuum
pump.
7.
Break the vacuum with clean dry refrigerant. Use
refrigerant that the unit calls for. Raise system
pressure to approximately 2 psig (13.8 kPa).
8.
Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery
system.
9.
Start vacuum pump and open all valves. Dehydrate
unit to 500 microns (29.90 inches = 75.9 cm) Hg
vacuum.
a.
d. Check for leaks. The recommended procedure for
finding leaks in a system is with a halide torch or
electronic leak detector. Testing joints with soapsuds
is satisfactory only for locating large leaks.
e.
Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery
system and repair any leaks.
f.
Evacuate and dehydrate the system. (Refer to
section 4.6.)
g.
Charge the unit. (Refer to section 4.7.)
h. Ensure that self-test has been performed and that
there are no errors or alarms indicated. (Refer to
paragraph 2-1.7.)
a. General
10. Close off pump valve, isolate vacuum gauge in system
and stop pump. Wait five minutes to see if vacuum
holds.
The presence of moisture in a refrigeration system can
have many undesirable effects. The most common are
copper plating, acid sludge formation, “freezing-up” of
metering devices by free water, and formation of acids,
resulting in metal corrosion.
11. With a vacuum still in the unit, the refrigerant charge
may be drawn into the system from a refrigerant
container on weight scales.
b. Preparation
4.7
4.7.1
4.6
EVACUATION AND DEHYDRATION
NOTE
Evacuate and dehydrate only after pressure leak test.
(Refer to section 4.5.)
2.
Essential tools to properly evacuate and dehydrate
any system include a good vacuum pump with a
minimum of 5 cfm (8.5 m 3/hr) volume displacement,
CTD P/N 07-00176-01), and a good vacuum indicator
(available through Robinair Manufacturing,
Montpelier, Ohio, Part Number 14010).
3.
Checking Refrigerant Charge
The following conditions must be met to accurately check
the refrigerant charge.
Using a compound gauge is not recommended
because of its inherent inaccuracy.
1.
ADDING REFRIGERANT TO SYSTEM
a.
Coach engine operating at high idle.
b.
Unit operating in cool mode for 15 minutes.
c.
Head pressure at least 150 psig (1.03 mPa) for R-134a
systems. (It may be necessary to block condenser
air flow to raise head pressure.)
d. Under the above conditions, the system is properly
charged when the refrigerant liquid level is visible in
the receiver lower sight glass. If it is not visible, add or
remove refrigerant until it is at the proper level.
Keep the ambient temperature above 60_F (15.6_C)
to speed evaporation of moisture. If ambient
temperature is lower than 60_F (15.6_C), ice may
form before moisture removal is complete. It may be
necessary to use heater blankets, heat lamps or
alternate sources of heat to raise system
temperature.
4.7.2
4-3
Adding Full Charge
a.
Evacuate and dehydrate system. (Refer to section
4.6)
b.
Place appropriate refrigerant cylinder on scales and
connect charging hose from container to filter-drier
inlet valve. Purge air from hoses.
T-283
c.
4.9
Note weight of refrigerant and cylinder.
d. Open liquid valve on refrigerant container. Midseat
filter-drier inlet valve and allow refrigerant to flow
into the unit. Correct charge will be found in section
1.3.
e.
CHECKING AND REPLACING HIGH
PRESSURE CUTOUT SWITCH
4.9.1
!
WARNING
!
DO NOT USE A NITROGEN CYLINDER
WITHOUT A PRESSURE REGULATOR.
DO NOT USE OXYGEN IN OR NEAR A
REFRIGERATION SYSTEM OR AS AN
EXPLOSION MAY OCCUR.
When cylinder weight (scale) indicates that the
correct charge has been added, close liquid line valve
on drum and backseat the filter-drier inlet valve.
4.7.3
Checking High Pressure Switch
Adding Partial Charge
a.
Start the vehicle engine and allow unit to stabilize.
a.
b.
Place appropriate refrigerant cylinder on scales and
connect charging hose from container vapor valve to
compressor suction service valve.
Remove switch from unit. All units are equipped
with schrader valves at the high pressure switch
connection.
b.
Connect an ohmmeter across switch terminals. If the
switch is good, the ohmmeter will indicate no
resistance, indicating that the contacts are closed.
c.
Connect switch to a cylinder of dry nitrogen. (See
Figure 4-4.).
c.
Run unit in cool mode for 15 minutes. With suction
service valve midseated, remove air from hose at
refrigerant cylinder. Open cylinder valve and add
vapor charge until refrigerant level appears in the
lower receiver sight glass. Under the above
conditions, the system will be properly charged when
the lower receiver sight glass appears full of
refrigerant. Add or remove refrigerant until the
proper level is obtained. Refrigerant level should not
appear in the upper sight glass, as this would indicate
and overcharge.
1
4
d. Backseat suction service valve. Close vapor valve on
refrigerant drum and note weight. Replace all valve
caps.
4.8
2
5
3
6
1. Cylinder Valve
and Gauge
2. Pressure Regulator
3. Nitrogen Cylinder
4. Pressure Gauge
(0 to 400 psig =
0 to 2.8 mPa)
5. Bleed-Off Valve
6. 1/4 inch Connection
CHECKING FOR NONCONDENSIBLES
To check for noncondensibles, proceed as follows:
Figure 4-3. Checking High Pressure Switch
a.
Stabilize system to equalize pressure between the
suction and discharge side of the system.
d. Set nitrogen pressure regulator higher than cutout
point on switch being tested. (See section 1.3.)
b.
Check temperature at the condenser and receiver.
e.
c.
Check pressure at the compressor discharge service
valve.
Open cylinder valve. Slowly open the regulator valve
to increase the pressure until it reaches cutout point.
The switch should open, which is indicated by an
infinite reading on an ohmmeter (no continuity).
f.
Close cylinder valve and release pressure through the
bleed-off valve. As pressure drops to cut-in point, the
switch contacts should close, indicating no resistance
on the ohmmeter.
g.
Replace switch if it does not function as outlined
above. (Refer to section 4.9.2.)
d. Check saturation pressure as it corresponds to the
condenser/receiver
temperature
using
the
Temperature-Pressure Chart, Table 4-4.
e.
If gauge reading is 3 psig (21 kPa) or more than the
calculated P/T pressure in step d, noncondensibles
are present.
f.
Remove refrigerant using a refrigerant recovery
system.
g.
Evacuate and dehydrate the system. (Refer to
section 4.6.)
4.9.2
h. Charge the unit. (Refer to section 4.7.)
T-283
Replacing High Pressure Switch
a.
The high pressure switch is equipped with schrader
valve to allow removal and installation without
pumping the unit down.
b.
Disconnect wiring from defective switch.
c.
Install new cutout switch.
d. Check switch operation. (Refer to section 4.9.1.)
4-4
4.10 FILTER-DRIER
12. Run the coach for approximately 30 minutes on fast
idle.
13. Check refrigerant level. (Refer to section 4.7.1.)
14. Check superheat. (Refer to section 4.11.b.)
a. To Check Filter Drier
Check for a restricted or plugged filter-drier by feeling
the liquid line inlet and outlet connections of the
filter-drier. If the outlet side feels cooler than the inlet
side, then the filter-drier should be changed.
1
6
b. To Replace Filter Drier
1.
Pump down the unit. (Refer to section 4.4.)
2.
Replace filter-drier, ensuring that the arrow points in
the direction of the refrigerant flow.
3.
Drier can be evacuated at liquid service valve. (See
Figure 4-3.)
4.
Check refrigerant level. (Refer to section 4.7.1.)
7
2
3
4
5
8
9
8
10
4.11 THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE
11
The thermostat expansion valve (TXV) is an automatic
device which maintains constant superheat of the
refrigerant gas leaving the evaporator regardless of
suction pressure. The valve functions are: (a) automatic
response of refrigerant flow to match the evaporator load
and (b) prevention of liquid refrigerant entering the
compressor. Unless the valve is defective, it seldom
requires any maintenance.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
a. Replacing the Expansion Valve (See Figure 4-5.)
1.
Pump down low side of the unit. (Refer to section
4.4.)
2.
Remove insulation (Presstite) from expansion valve
bulb.
3.
Loosen retaining straps holding bulb to suction line
and detach bulb from the suction line.
4.
Loosen flare nuts on equalizer line and disconnect
equalizer line from the expansion valve.
5.
Remove capscrews and lift off power head and cage
assemblies and gaskets.
6.
Check, clean and remove any foreign material from
the valve body, valve seat and mating surfaces.
3
8.
The thermal bulb is installed below the center of the
suction line (four or eight o’clock position). This area
must be clean to ensure positive bulb contact. Strap
thermal bulb to suction line and insulate both with
“Presstite.” Ensure that retaining straps are tight.
(See Figure 4-6.)
9.
5
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Suction Line (end view)
TXV Bulb Clamp
Nut and Bolt (clamp)
Thermocouple
TXV Bulb (Shown in the
4’clock position)
Figure 4-5. Thermostatic Expansion Valve
Bulb and Thermocouple
Monitor the superheat over a five minute period and
record the maximum and minimum readings. Add the
maximum and minimum readings and divide by two to
determine the superheat. The superheat should be 10F
to 12F.
Do not adjust the new replacement expansion
valve. Valves are preset at the factory.
Using new gaskets, install new cage and power head
assemblies provided with repair kit.
4
2
NOTE
7.
Power Head Assembly 7. Bulb
Cap Seal
8 Gasket
Flare Seal
9. Cage Assembly
Retaining Nut
10. Body Flange
Adjusting Stem
11. Capscrew
Equalizer Connection
Figure 4-4. Thermostatic Expansion Valve
b. To Check/Measure Superheat
NOTE
All readings must be taken from the suction side
area of the evaporator near the TXV and out of
the direct air stream.
1. Remove filter access door.
2. Remove Presstite insulation from expansion valve
bulb and suction line.
Fasten equalizer line to the expansion valve.
10. Evacuate and dehydrate. (Refer to section 4-6.)
11. Open filter-drier inlet valve (liquid line service valve)
and all service valves.
4-5
T-283
3.
Loosen one TXV bulb clamp and make sure area
under clamp is clean.
4.
Place temperature thermocouple in contact with the
suction tube and parallel to the TXV bulb, and then
secure loosened clamp making sure both bulbs are
firmly secured to suction line. (See Figure 4-5).
Reinstall insulation around the bulb.
5.
Reinstall evaporator access door being careful to
route thermocouple sensing wire outside the
evaporator.
6.
Connect an accurate low pressure gauge to the 1/4”
port on the suction service valve or install a manifold
gauge set. (Refer to section 4.3.)
7.
Start bus and run on fast idle until unit has stabilized,
about 20 to 30 minutes.
4.
Reinstall power head and cage assemblies using new
gaskets.
5. Tighten capscrews.
6. Evacuate and dehydrate. (Refer to section 4-6.)
7. Open filter-drier inlet valve (liquid line service valve)
and all service valves.
8. Run the coach for approximately 30 minutes on fast
idle.
9. Check refrigerant level. (Refer to section 4.7.1.)
10. Check superheat setting. (Refer to section 4.11.b.)
4.12 Model 05G COMPRESSOR MAINTENANCE
4.12.1 Removing the Compressor
If compressor is inoperative and the unit still has
refrigerant pressure, frontseat suction and discharge
service valves to trap most of the refrigerant in the
system.
If compressor is operative, pump down the system.
(Refer to section 4.4.)
a. Turn main battery disconnect switch to OFF position.
b. Slowly release compressor pressure.
c. Remove bolts from suction and discharge service
valve flanges.
d. Tag and disconnect wiring to the high pressure and
low pressure cutout switch, unloaders and clutch.
e. Remove four bolts holding compressor to base
f. Attach sling or other device to the compressor and
remove compressor from the coach through the rear
access door.
g. Remove the three socket head capscrews from both
cylinder heads that have unloader valves installed on
the 05G compressor. Remove the unloader valve and
bypass piston assembly, keeping the same capscrews
with the assembly. The original unloader valve must
be transferred to the replacement compressor. The
plug arrangement removed from the replacement is
installed in the original compressor as a seal. If piston
is stuck, it may be extracted by threading a socket
head capscrew into top of piston. A small Teflon seat
ring at the bottom of the piston must be removed.
NOTE
When conducting this test, the suction pressure
must be at least 6 psig (41 kPa) below the
expansion valve maximum operating pressure
(MOP). Refer to section 1.3 for MOP.
8.
From the temperature/pressure chart, determine the
saturation temperature corresponding to the
evaporator outlet pressure. (See Table 4-4.) Add an
estimated suction line loss of 2 psig (13.8 kPa) to the
number taken at the compressor.
9.
Note the temperature of the suction gas at the
expansion valve bulb. Subtract the saturation
temperature determined in step 8 from the
temperature measured in this step. The difference is
the superheat of the suction gas.
10. Monitor the superheat over a five minute period and
record the maximum and minimum readings. Add
the maximum and minimum readings and divide by 2
to determine superheat. The superheat should be
10F to 12F.
c. To Adjust Superheat
NOTE
It is not recommended to adjust thermal
expansion valves unless absolutely necessary.
The procedure is very time consuming.
Therefore, it is highly recommended that the
expansion valve be replaced rather than
adjusting.
NOTES
1. The service replacement 05G compressors
are sold without shutoff valves. Valve pads
are installed in their place. The optional
unloaders are not supplied, as the cylinder
heads are shipped with plugs. Customer
should retain the original unloader valves
for use on the replacement compressor.
If adjustment is necessary, perform the following procedure:
1.
Pump down the load side of the system. (Refer to
section 4.4.)
2.
Remove capscrews and note relative position of cage
assembly. (See Figure 4.5.) Lift out power head and
cage assemblies while maintaining position of the
cage assembly. Turn/rotate cage assembly
counterclockwise to decrease superheat setting or
clockwise to increase superheat setting. Each full
turn will change superheat setting by 1_F (0.56_C).
3.
2. The piston plug that is removed from the
replacement compressor head must be
installed in the failed compressor if
returning for warranty.
3. Do not interchange allen-head capscrews that
mount the piston plug and unloader, they
are not interchangeable.
Check, clean and remove any foreign material from
the valve body, valve seat and mating surfaces.
T-283
4-6
4. Check oil level in service replacement
compressor. (Refer to section 1.3 and 4.12.2.)
GASKET
12
1
11
2
3
4
10
9
SPRING
5
8
COMPRESSOR
HEAD
6
BYPASS
PISTON
PLUG
FLANGE
COVER
7
capscrews
(NOT INTERCHANGEABLE
WITH CONTROL VALVE
SCREWS)
1. Electric Unloader
Valve
2. Suction Service
Valve Charging Port
3. Suction Service
Valve
4. Clutch
5. Oil Fill Plug
Figure 4-6. Removing Bypass Piston Plug
h. Remove the high pressure switch assembly and
install on replacement compressor after checking
switch operation.
i.
Unlock and turn main battery disconnect switch to
ON position..
k.
Attach two lines (with hand valves near vacuum
pump) to the suction and discharge service valves.
(Dehydrate and evacuate compressor to 500 microns
(29.90” Hg vacuum = 75.9 cm Hg vacuum). Turn off
valves on both lines to pump.
l.
Fully backseat (open counterclockwise) both suction
and discharge service valves.
Bottom Plate
Oil Drain Plug
Oil Level Sight Glass
Oil Pump
O-ring
Discharge Service
Valve
12. Service Port
Figure 4-7. Model O5G Compressor
Install compressor in unit by performing steps c.
through h. in reverse. It is recommended that new
locknuts be used when replacing compressor. Install
new gaskets on service valves and tighten bolts
uniformly.
j.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
4.12.2 Compressor Oil Level
4.12.2.1 Checking the Compressor Oil Level
NOTE
The compressor should be fully loaded (six
cylinder operation); the unit should be fully
charged and the compressor crankcase should be
warm to the touch.
a. Start the unit and allow the system to stabilize.
b. Check the oil sight glass on the compressor to ensure
that no foaming of the oil is present after 20 minutes
of operation. If the oil is foaming excessively after 20
minutes of operation, check the refrigerant system
for flood-back of liquid refrigerant. Correct this
situation before proceeding. (Refer to section 3.3.4.)
c. Check the level of the oil in the oil level sight glass
immediately after shutting down the compressor.
The lowest level visible should be between the “Min”
and “Max” indicators on the compressor crankcase
adjacent to the sight glass. (See Figure 4-8.)
4.12.2.2 Adding Oil with Compressor in System
Two methods for adding oil are: the oil pump method and
closed system method.
a. Oil Pump Method
1. One compressor oil pump that may be purchased is a
Robinair part no. 14388. This oil pump adapts to one
U.S. gallon (3.785 liters) metal refrigeration oil
container and pumps 2-1/2 ounces (72.5 mliters) per
stroke when connected to the suction service valve
port. Also, there is no need to remove pump from can
after each use.
m. Remove vacuum pump lines and install manifold
gauges.
n. Start unit and check refrigerant level.
o. Check compressor oil level. (Refer to section 4.12.2.)
Add or remove oil if necessary.
p. Check compressor unloader operation.
4-7
T-283
2.
When the compressor is in operation, the pump
check valve prevents the loss of refrigerant while
allowing servicemen to develop sufficient pressure to
overcome the operating suction pressure to add oil,
as necessary.
3.
Backseat suction service valve and connect oil
charging hose to port. Crack open the service valve
and remove air from the oil hose at the oil pump. Add
oil as necessary.
NOTE
If oil drain plug is not accessible, it will be
necessary to extract oil through the oil fill plug
with a siphon tube.
c. Remove the oil drain plug on the bottom plate of the
compressor and drain the proper amount of oil from
the compressor. Replace the plug securely back into
the compressor.
d. Repeat step a. to ensure proper oil level.
b. Closed System Method
1.
4.13 TEMPERATURE SENSOR CHECKOUT
a. An accurate ohmmeter must be used to check
resistance values shown in Table 4-1.
b. Due to variations and inaccuracies in ohmmeters,
thermometers or other test equipment, a reading
within two percent of the chart value would be
considered good. If a sensor is bad, the resistance
value would usually be much higher or lower than the
value given in the Table 4-1.
c. At least one sensor lead must be disconnected from
the controller before any reading can be taken. Not
doing so will result in a false reading. Two preferred
methods of determining the actual test temperature
at the sensor are an ice bath at 32_F (0_C) and/or a
calibrated digital temperature meter.
In an emergency where an oil pump is not available,
oil may be drawn into the compressor through the
suction service valve.
!
CAUTION
!
EXTREME CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO
ENSURE THAT THE MANIFOLD
COMMON CONNECTION REMAINS
IMMERSED IN OIL AT ALL TIMES OR
AIR AND MOISTURE WILL BE DRAWN
INTO THE SYSTEM
2.
Connect the suction connection of the gauge
manifold to the compressor suction service valve
port, and immerse the common connection of the
gauge manifold in an open container of refrigeration
oil. Refer to section 1.3.b. for oil specifications.
Remove air from the lines. Close the gauge manifold
valve.
3.
Remove air from the lines.
4.
With the unit running, frontseat (counterclockwise)
the suction service valve and pull a vacuum in the
compressor crankcase. Slowly crack the suction
gauge manifold valve and oil will flow through the
suction service valve into the compressor. Add oil as
necessary.
Table 4-1. Temperature Sensor
(AT, TSC, TSD and TSR) Resistance
Temperature
Resistance In Ohms
_F
_C
---20
---28.9
165,300
---10
---23.3
117,800
0
---17.8
85,500
10
---12.2
62,400
20
--- 6.7
46,300
30
--- 1.1
34,500
32
0
32,700
40
4.4
26,200
50
10.0
19,900
60
15.6
15,300
70
21.1
11,900
77
25
10,000
80
26.7
9,300
90
32.2
7,300
100
37.8
5,800
110
43.3
4,700
120
48.9
3,800
4.12.2.3 Adding Oil to Service Replacement
Compressor
Service replacement compressors may or may not be
shipped with oil.
If the replacement compressor is shipped without oil, add
oil through the suction service valve flange cavity or by
removing the oil fill plug. (See Figure 4-8.)
4.12.2.4 Removing Oil from the Compressor:
a.
b.
If the lowest oil level observed in paragraph 4.12.2.1,
step c., is above “Max” indication on compressor
crankcase, oil must be removed from the compressor
by performing the following procedure. If lowest oil
level visible is below “Min” indication, oil must be
added to the compressor by following the procedure
in section 4.12.2.2.
4.14 SUCTION AND DISCHARGE PRESSURE
TRANSDUCER CHECKOUT
NOTE
System must be operating to check transducers.
a. With the system running use the driver display or
manifold gauges to check suction and/or discharge
pressure(s).
Close suction service valve (frontseat) and pump unit
down to 3 to 5 psig (21 to 34 kPa). Reclaim remaining
refrigerant.
T-283
4-8
b.
Use a digital volt-ohmmeter measure voltage across
the transducer and compare to values in Table 4-2. A
reading within two percent of the values in the table
would be considered good.
Table 4-2. Suction and Discharge Pressure
Transducer (SPT and DPT) Voltage
Psig Voltage Psig Voltage Psig Voltage
20”
0.369
105
1.495
220
2.622
10”
0.417
110
1.544
225
2.671
0
0.466
115
1.593
230
2.720
5
0.515
120
1.642
235
2.769
10
0.564
125
1.691
240
2.818
15
0.614
130
1.740
245
2.867
20
0.663
135
1.789
250
2.916
25
0.712
140
1.838
255
2.965
30
0.761
145
1.887
260
3.014
35
0.810
150
1.936
265
3.063
40
0.858
155
1.985
270
3.112
45
0.907
160
2.034
275
3.161
50
0.956
165
2.083
280
3.210
55
1.007
170
2.132
285
3.259
60
1.054
175
2.181
290
3.308
65
1.103
180
2.230
295
3.357
70
1.152
185
2.279
300
2.406
75
1.204
190
2.328
305
3.455
80
1.250
195
2.377
310
3.504
85
1.299
200
2.426
315
3.553
90
1.348
205
2.475
320
3.602
95
1.397
210
2.524
325
3.651
100
1.446
215
2.573
330
3.700
4.15 Replacing Sensors and Transducers
a. Turn main battery disconnect switch to OFF position
and lock.
b. Tag and disconnect wiring from defective sensor or
transducer.
c. Remove and replace defective sensor or transducer.
d. Connect wiring to replacement sensor or transducer.
e. Checkout replacement sensor or transducer. (Refer
to section 4.13, 4.14 or 4.15, as applicable.)
f. Repair or replace any defective component(s), as
required.
4.16 Controller Configuration
When a controller is replaced it must be configured to
work in the model of unit it is being installed in. Table 4-3
shows the configuration jumper settings that must be set
to correctly operate the Capri-280 SEPTA unit.
4-9
T-283
Table 4-3. Controller Configuration
Configuration
Description
Jumper
A.
High Reheat --- When this configuration is removed the unit will default
to high speed in reheat mode and in the low speed cool band. If not
removed heat reheat will default to low speed.
REMOVED
B.
High Vent --- When this configuration is removed the unit will default to
high speed in vent mode. If not removed vent mode will default to
low speed.
REMOVED
C.
NA
D.
Reheat/Cycle --- When the reheat cycle configuration is removed the
unit is in reheat mode. The default configuration is cycle clutch
mode.
REMOVED
E.
Transducers --- When the transducer configuration is removed transducers will assumed to be present.
REMOVED
F.
NA
IN
G.
Unit Type --- SEPTA unit enabled with G in and H removed
IN
H.
Unit Type --- SEPTA unit enabled with G in and H removed
REMOVED
I.
NA
NA
J.
NA
IN
K.
Voltage --- When this configuration is removed the voltage selection
will be changed from 12 to 24V DC.
REMOVED
L.
NA
REMOVED
M.
NA
IN
N.
C/F --- When this configuration is removed the display will show
temperatures in F. When not removed the display will show temperature in C.
O.
NA
IN
P.
NA
IN
T-283
IN
4-10
REMOVED
Table 4-4. R-134a Temperature - Pressure Chart
BOLD NO. = Inches Mercury Vacuum (cm Hg Vac)
Temperature
Pressure
Psig
kPa
Kg/cm@
Temperature
Bar
_C
Psig
kPa
Kg/cm@
Bar
_F
_C
---40
---40
14.6
49.4
37.08
0.49
30
---1
26.1
180.0
1.84
1.80
---35
---37
12.3
41.6
31.25
0.42
32
0
27.8
191.7
1.95
1.92
---30
---34
9.7
32.8
24.64
0.33
34
1
29.6
204.1
2.08
2.04
---25
---32
6.7
22.7
17.00
0.23
36
2
31.3
215.8
2.20
2.16
---20
---29
3.5
11.9
8.89
0.12
38
3
33.2
228.9
2.33
2.29
---18
---28
2.1
7.1
5.33
0.07
40
4
35.1
242.0
2.47
2.42
---16
---27
0.6
2.0
1.52
0.02
45
7
40.1
276.5
2.82
2.76
---14
---26
0.4
1.1
0.03
0.03
50
10
45.5
313.7
3.20
3.14
---12
---24
1.2
8.3
0.08
0.08
55
13
51.2
353.0
3.60
3.53
---10
---23
2.0
13.8
0.14
0.14
60
16
57.4
395.8
4.04
3.96
---8
---22
2.9
20.0
0.20
0.20
65
18
64.1
441.0
4.51
4.42
---6
---21
3.7
25.5
0.26
0.26
70
21
71.1
490.2
5.00
4.90
---4
---20
4.6
31.7
0.32
0.32
75
24
78.7
542.6
5.53
5.43
---2
---19
5.6
36.6
0.39
0.39
80
27
86.7
597.8
6.10
5.98
0
---18
6.5
44.8
0.46
0.45
85
29
95.3
657.1
6.70
6.57
2
---17
7.6
52.4
0.53
0.52
90
32
104.3
719.1
7.33
7.19
4
---16
8.6
59.3
0.60
0.59
95
35
114.0
786.0
8.01
7.86
6
---14
9.7
66.9
0.68
0.67
100
38
124.2
856.4
8.73
8.56
8
---13
10.8
74.5
0.76
0.74
105
41
135.0
930.8
9.49
9.31
10
---12
12.0
82.7
0.84
0.83
110
43
146.4
1009
10.29
10.09
12
---11
13.2
91.0
0.93
0.91
115
46
158.4
1092
11.14
10.92
14
---10
14.5
100.0
1.02
1.00
120
49
171.2
1180
12.04
11.80
16
---9
15.8
108.9
1.11
1.09
125
52
184.6
1273
12.98
12.73
18
---8
17.1
117.9
1.20
1.18
130
54
198.7
1370
13.97
13.70
20
---7
18.5
127.6
1.30
1.28
135
57
213.6
1473
15.02
14.73
22
---6
19.9
137.2
1.40
1.37
140
60
229.2
1580
16.11
15.80
24
---4
21.4
147.6
1.50
1.48
145
63
245.6
1693
17.27
16.93
26
---3
22.9
157.9
1.61
1.58
150
66
262.9
1813
18.48
18.13
28
---2
24.5
168.9
1.72
1.69
155
68
281.1
1938
19.76
19.37
4-11
_F
Pressure
T-283
SECTION 5
ELECTRICAL
Figure 5-1 INTRODUCTION
This section includes electrical wiring schematics. The schematic shown in this section is for R-134a refrigerant systems.
5-1
Figure 5-1. Electrical Wiring Schematic Diagram
Drawing No. 62-10112-00 Sheet 1 of 3
5-2
Figure 5-1. Electrical Wiring Schematic Diagram
Drawing No. 62-10112-00 Sheet 2 of 3
5-3
Figure 5-1. Electrical Wiring Schematic Diagram
Drawing No. 62-10112-00 Sheet 3 of 3
5-4
INDEX
A
A/D, 3-1
Abnormal Noise or Vibrations, 3-5
Activation, 3-1
Adding Full Charge, 4-3
Adding Oil, 4-7
Closed system method, 4-8
compressor, 1-4, 1-5
Compressor Clutch Control, 3
Compressor Oil Level, 4-7
Compressor Unloader, 3
Compressor Unloader Control, 3
Compressor will not run, 3-4
condensate drain connections, 1-3
Adding Refrigerant to System, 4-3
Condenser, 1-1
coils, 1-2
Fans, 1-2
Adjust Superheat , 4-6
Condenser Coil, 1-2, 1-5
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Cycle, 1-5
Condenser Fan Motor, 1-2, 1-4
Alarm clear, 3-1
Condenser Fan Overload, 3-2
Alarm Codes, 3-2
Condenser Fan Speed Control, 3
Alarm codes, 3-1
Condenser Fiberglass Base, 1-2
Alarm Description, 4
Condenser Motor Harness, 1-2
Alarm queue, 3-1
Condenser Motor Overloads , 1-4
Alarm Queue Full, 3-3
Condenser Motor Plate, 1-2
Alternator, 1-1
Condenser Top Cover Lid, 1-2
Ambient temperature sensor, 1-2
condenser tubes, 1-4
Auto Reheat Mode, 2
Connectors, 1-7
Adding Partial Charge, 4-4
Control System Malfunction, 3-5
B
controller, 1
Controller Configuration, 4-9
Boost Pump, 3
Controller Input Sensor, 1-4
Breaker Trip Alarm, 3-2
controlling compressor capacity, 1-4
Breakers, 1-5
cooling, 1-3
Bypass Piston Plug, 4-7
Cooling/Reheat, 3
C
D
Capacity control, 1
Daily Maintenance, 4-1
charging hoses, 1-4
Data Memory, 3-1
Check/Measure Superheat , 4-5
DEHYDRATION , 4-3
Checking for Noncondensibles, 4-4
Diagnostic Module, 1-9
Checking Refrigerant Charge, 4-3
Diagnostics, 1
clutch, 1-4
discharge check valve, 1-2
clutch , 1-4
Discharge Line, 1-3
Coil Freeze, 3-2
Discharge Pressure, 3
Communication Failure, 3-1
Discharge Pressure Transducer Failure, 3-2
Compressor, 1-1, 3-4
discharge service valve, 1-4
Index-1
T-283
INDEX
E
H
electric solenoid unloaders, 1-4
heat valve, 1-3
Electrical, 5-1
Heater Flow Cycle, 1-6
Electrical Control, 1-1
Electrical malfunction, 3-4
Electrical Specifications, 1-4
Electronically Commutated DC Motors, 1-7
Error Codes, 3-1
ER 5, Program Memory, 3-1
Evacuation, 4-3
Evaporator, 1-1, 1-2, 1-3
Blower and Motor, 1-3
Blowers, 1-1
Coils, 1-3
Fan, 1-3
Motor, 1-3
Motors, 1-1
Evaporator Coil, Curbside, Evaporator, 1-3
Evaporator Coil, Roadside, 1-3
Evaporator Fan Overload, 3-2
Evaporator Fan Speed, 3
Heating, 3
heating coils, coils, 1-3
Heating Line, 1-3
Heating Malfunction, 3-5
Heating system, 3-4
High Pressure Cutout Switch , 4-4
High Discharge Pressure, 3-2
High discharge pressure, 3-4
High Pressure Switch, HPS, 1-5
high pressure switch, 1-4
High Pressure Switch (HPS), 1-4
High Reheat, 4-10
High suction pressure, 3-4
High Vent, 4-10
High Voltage, 3-2
Hour Meters, 4
Humidity Sight Glass, 1-3
Evaporator Fan Speed Selection, 3
I
Evaporator Motor Harness, 1-3
Evaporator Motor Overloads, 1-4
Evaporator/Heater Blower (Fan) Motor, 1-4
Installing Manifold Gauges, 4-2
internal thermal protector switch, 1-4
evaporator/heater coil assemblies, 1-3
K
excessive motor temperature, 1-4
Expansion Valve, 4-5
TXV, 1-3
king valves, 1-2
L
Expansion Valve Malfunction, 3-5
F
Filter-drier, 1-2, 1-5, 4-5
Filter-drier, 4-5
Fuses, 1-5
LEDS, 1-7
Left Front Grille, 1-2
Lid Bolt Support, 1-2, 1-3
Lid Locking Screw, 1-3
Lid Screw --- Stopper, 1-3
Lid Screw Nut, 1-2
Liquid Hose, 1-2
G
Liquid Line, 1-3
Liquid Line Solenoid Valve, 1-2
Gas Hose, 1-2
liquid line solenoid valve, 1-2
General System Troubleshooting Procedures, 3-4
Locking Screw Gasket, 1-2, 1-3
T-283
Index-2
INDEX
R
Logic Board, 1-3, 1-8
Low discharge pressure, 3-4
Low Pressure Shutdown, 3-2
low pressure switch, 1-4
Low Pressure Switch (LPS), 1-5
Low suction pressure, 3-4
Low Voltage, 3-2
M
Main Harness, 1-1
Maintenance Alarm 1, 3-3
Maintenance Alarm 2, 3-3
receiver, 1-2, 1-5
Receiver Tank, 1-2
Receiver Tank Support, 1-2
Refrigerant Leak Check, 4-2
Refrigeration Charge, 1-4
Refrigeration Cycle Diagram, 1-6
Refrigeration system, 3-4
Reheat/Cycle, 4-10
Relay Board, 1-1, 1-3, 1-7
Relays, 1-7
Removing The Refrigerant Charge, 4-2
Replacing Sensors and Transducers, 4-9
Maintenance Schedule, 4-1
Restricted air flow, 3-4
Manifold Gauge Set, 4-2
Return Air Filter, 1-3
Model 05G Compressor, 4-6
Return Air Probe Failure, 3-2
Monthly Inspection and Maintenance, 4-1
Right Front Grille, 1-2
Motor Failure, 3-3
Right Rear Lateral Grille, 1-2
S
N
No Evaporator Air Flow Or Restricted Air Flow, 3-5
Safety Devices, 1-4
Self Diagnostics, 3-1
O
Oil Pump Method, 4-7
Self-Test , 1
Service, 4-1
Service Valve, 1-2
Square Nut, 1-2, 1-3
P
Starting, 1
Stopping, 1
Parameter Codes
P2, Coil Temperature, 5
P20, Compressor Hours High, 5
P33, Kp, 6
Superheat, 5
Suction and Discharge Pressure Transducer, 1-4
Power Harness, 1-1
Suction Pressure Transducer, 4-8
Power Relay, 1-1
Suction Pressure Transducer Failure, 3-2
pre---trip inspection, 1
suction service valve, 1-4, 4-1
Pressure Switches, 1-1, 1-5
Superheat, 4-5
Procedure for Evacuation and Dehydrating System ,
4-3
System Alarms, 3-1
Program Memory, 3-1
System Parameters, 5
Pumping The System Down, 4-2
System Pumpdown, 4-2
Suction And Discharge Service Valves, 4-1
Suction Line, 1-3
Suction Pressure, 3
system operation, 1
Index-3
T-283
INDEX
T
Troubleshooting, 3-1
Temperature --- Pressure Chart, 4-11
U
Temperature Sensor Checkout, 4-8
Thermal Circuit Breakers, 1-7
UV1 Relay, 3
thermal expansion valves, TXV, 1-3
UV2 Relay, 3
Thermal Switches, 1-4
Thermostatic Expansion Valve, 1-4
W
Thermostatic Expansion Valve , 4-5
Transducers, 1-4, 4-10
T-283
Weekly Inspection, 4-1
Index-4
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