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Medalist Pro Family
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Medalist Pro 2520 (ST52520A)
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Medalist Pro 2160 (ST52160A)
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ATA Interface drives
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Product Manual
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Medalist Family
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Medalist Pro 2520 (ST52520A)
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Medalist Pro 2160 (ST52160A)
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ATA Interface drives
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Product Manual
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© 1997 Seagate Technology, Inc. All rights reserved
Publication Number: 36347-101, Rev. C, February 1997
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Seagate logo are registered
trademarks of Seagate Technology, Inc. Medalist is a trademark of
Seagate Technology, Inc. Other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their owners.
Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product offerings
or specifications. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any
form without written permission from Seagate Technology, Inc.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
iii
Contents
Introduction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Quick specification chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.0 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.1 Formatted Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.1.1 Standard Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.2 Physical organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.3 Functional specifications
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.4 Physical dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.5 Seek time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.6 Multisegmented cache buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.7 Start and stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.8 Typical power-up and power-down sequence . . . . . . . . . 8
1.9 Power-up sequence
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.9.1 Power-down sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.10 Auto-park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.11 Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.11.1 Power management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.11.2 Power consumption
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.12 Input noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.13 Environmental specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.13.1 Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.13.2 Temperature gradient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.13.3 Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.13.4 Relative humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.14 Shock and vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.15 Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.16 Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.17 Agency listings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.18 Electromagnetic Compliance for the European Union . . . 14
iv
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
1.19 FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.0 Configuring and mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.1 Handling and static-discharge precautions . . . . . . . . . 17
2.2 I/O cable and connector.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.3 Power connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.4 Options jumper block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.4.1 Master/slave configuration
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.4.2 Alternate capacity jumper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.4.3 Remote LED connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.4.4 Cable-select option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.5 Mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.0 ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.1 ATA Interface connector pin assignments . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.2 Command set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.2.1 Identify drive command (ECH) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.2.2 Set Features command (EFH) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.2.3 Standby timer timeout period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.2.4 Sleep command (99H, E6H)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.2.5 Auto Relocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.2.6 S.M.A.R.T. command (B0H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Appendix. Timing diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
v
Figures
Figure 1. Typical startup current profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 2. ATA interface connector
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 3. Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 4. Configuration settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 5. Connecting cable-selected drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 6. Mounting dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figure 7. ATA interface connector pin assignments
. . . . . . . . 26
Figure 8. Programmed I/O timing without IORDY . . . . . . . . . . 37
Figure 9. Programmed I/O timing with IORDY . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Figure 10. Multiword DMA timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
1
Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the Medalist® Pro 2520 and Medalist Pro 2160 hard disc
drives. The drives are referred to throughout this manual by their model
numbers, ST52520A for the Medalist Pro 2520 and ST52160A for the
Medalist Pro 2160.
Seagate® desktop products take a step into the future with the ST52520A
and ST52160A. These drives feature MR heads and PRML recording
technology, Fast ATA-2 performance, segmented cache, embedded
servo technology, low noise, power management and S.M.A.R.T. capabilities.
MR heads and PRML recording technology provide the drives with
increased areal density. This means that more data can be stored on a
single disc. Only two discs are used in the ST52520A and ST52160A
drives.
Fast ATA-2 performance means that the drives support PIO mode 4,
multiword DMA mode 2 transfer modes and multiple block read/write.
When the host chooses either transfer mode, the drives provide bursttransfer rates of up to 16.6 Mbytes per second. The multiple block
read/write feature allows the drives to store several blocks of data in
cache and transfer them in a single burst.
These drives use a 128-Kbyte segmented cache. Segmenting the cache
provides a designated area where blocks of contiguous read or write data
can be staged for transfer in a single burst.
The ST52520A and ST52160A drives have other features that ensure
fast data throughput. Embedded servo technology allows the drives to
position the heads for data retrieval efficiently and accurately while
eliminating the periodic thermal recalibration that can interrupt during
data transfers. These drives also use a 16-bit microprocessor and an
intelligent controller that provides data streaming: direct data transfers
between the drive and the host without microprocessor intervention.
These features allow for a sustained data-transfer rate that facilitates
video playback and other multimedia operations.
These drives support Active, Idle and Standby power-management
modes. Power-saving modes can be controlled by the host computer.
Standby mode reduces power consumption to 1 watt (typical) while
retaining drive accessibility.
Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) is
available on these drives. Implementation of this feature is discussed on
page 35. To use the feature, you must have a BIOS, a software driver or
application software that supports S.M.A.R.T.
2
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
The ATA commands with specific applications for these drives and the
Seagate-unique commands the drives use are discussed in Section 3.0
on page 25. A complete list of the commands the drives support are found
in the table on page 27.
The following is a summary of the drives’ features:
Capacity
• 2.564 and 2.113 Gbytes formatted
• LBA translation support
• Available software driver that surpasses the 528-Mbyte barrier and
4,096 cylinder barrier limited by some system BIOSs
• Available software driver that provides expanded 32-bit disk access
support for Windows 3.x
Performance
• Fast ATA-2 (Supports multiword DMA mode 2 and PIO mode 4 for up
to 16.6-Mbyte-per-second burst transfer rates. Supports multiple
block read/write.)
• 128-Kbyte segmented buffer
• 12-msec average read seek time
• 13-msec average write seek time
• Data streaming
Energy efficiency
•
Active, Idle and Standby power-management modes
• 1 watt typical power dissipation rating in Standby mode
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
3
Quick specification chart
The following table serves as a quick reference for the drives’ performance specifications. These and other specifications are discussed in
“Specifications” on page 5.
Drive specification
ST52520A ST52160A
9
Guaranteed capacity (Gbytes) (×10 bytes)
2.564
2.113
Guaranteed sectors
5,009,760
4,127,760
Bytes per sector
512
512
Sectors per track
63
63
Logical read/write heads
16
16
Logical cylinders
4,970
4,095
Physical cylinders
6,536
6,536
Physical read/write heads
4
4
Physical discs
2
2
Areal density (Mbits/sq. in)
928.8
805.2
Data zones
19
19
Recording density (bits per inch)
138,011
119,609
Track density (tracks per inch)
6,730
6,730
Spindle speed (RPM)
5,397
5,397
Track-to-track seek time (msec typical)
3.5
3.5
Average read seek time (msec typical)
12
12
Average write seek time (msec typical)
13
13
Full-stroke seek time (msec typical)
25
25
Average latency (msec)
5.58
5.58
Internal data-transfer rate
(Mbits per sec max)
63 to 116
55 to 97
External transfer rate (Mbytes per sec max)
16.6
16.6
Cache buffer (Kbytes)
128
128
ECC on-the-fly (bits)
65
65
continued
4
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Drive specification
ST52520A ST52160A
Height (inches max)
0.748
0.748
Width (inches max)
4.01
4.01
Depth (inches max)
5.38
5.38
Typical weight (lb)
1.0
1.0
Spinup current (max)
1.9A
1.9A
Seek power (typical)
7.9W
7.9W
Read/Write power and current (typical)
7.5W
7.5W
Idle total power (typical)
7.5W
7.5W
Standby/Sleep total power (typical)
4.3W
4.3W
Voltage tolerance (including noise): +5V
± 5%
± 5%
Voltage tolerance (including noise): +12V
± 5%
± 5%
Operating temperature (°C)
5 to 55°C
5 to 55°C
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
5
1.0 Specifications
1.1 Formatted Capacity
Medalist Pro drives are low-level formatted at the factory. You cannot
low-level format them.
These drives support cylinder-head-sector (CHS) and logical-block addressing (LBA) translation modes. You can use the Identify drive (ECH) command
to verify the address modes the drives support, the number of cylinders,
sectors per track, total number of sectors, heads and other parameters. The
Identify drives parameters are listed in Section 3.2.1 on page 29.
Notes:
1. DOS cannot access more than 2.147 Gbytes per partition. You
must create 2 or more partitions to access the drive’s full capacity.
2. One Mbyte equals one million bytes.
3. If the system BIOS does not support more than 4,096 cylinders, it can cause the computer to hang during boot, or it can
truncate or wrap the cylinders. To resolve this issue the system BIOS needs to be modified: the cylinder register or variable must be increased from 12-bits to 16-bits to
accommodate more than 4,096 cylinders.
1.1.1
Standard Configuration
ST52160A
CHS
LBA
Cylinders
4,095
N/A
Heads
16
N/A
Sectors
63
N/A
Guaranteed sectors
4,127,760
Guaranteed capacity (Gbytes)
2.113
ST52520A
CHS
LBA
Cylinders
4,970
N/A
Heads
16
N/A
Sectors
63
N/A
Guaranteed sectors
5,009,760
Guaranteed capacity (Gbytes)
2.564
6
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
1.2 Physical organization
ST52520A
ST52160A
Read/write heads
4
4
Discs
2
2
1.3 Functional specifications
ST52520A
ST52160A
Interface
ATA
ATA
Recording method
PRML (0,4,4) PRML (0,4,4)
External data burst transfer rate:
DMA mode 2 (Mbytes per sec)
PIO mode 4 (Mbytes per sec)
16.6
16.6
16.6
16.6
Internal data-transfer rate
(Mbits per sec)
63 to 116
55 to 97
Spindle speed (RPM)
5,397 ± 0.5% 5,397 ± 0.5%
Cache size (Kbytes)
128
128
Logical cylinders
4,970
4,095
Physical cylinders
6,536
6,536
Bytes per sector
512
512
Areal density (Mbytes/sq. in)
928.8
805.2
Data zones
19
19
Recording density, max (BPI)
138,011
119,609
Track density (TPI)
6,730
6,730
Note. See Figure 10 on page 39 for mutilword DMA timing specifications.
See Figure 8 on page 37 and Figure 9 on page 38 for PIO timing
specifications.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
7
1.4 Physical dimensions
The mounting dimensions are shown in Figure 6 on page 23.
Height, max
0.748 inch (19 mm)
Width, max
4.01 inches (101.8 mm)
Depth, max
5.38 inches (136.6 mm)
Weight
1.0 lb (0.45 Kg)
1.5 Seek time
Seek value is the interval between the time the actuator begins to move
and the time the head has settled over the target track. Seek time is a
true statistical average of at least 10,000 measurements of seek time.
All measurements are taken under nominal conditions of temperature
and voltage with the drive mounted horizontally. The specifications in the
table below are defined as follows:
• Track-to-track seek time is the average of all possible single-track
seeks in both directions.
• Average seek time is measured by executing seeks in both directions
between random cylinders.
• Full-stroke seek time is half the time needed to seek from track 0 to
the maximum track and back to track 0.
Track-to-track
seek time
Average/typical
seek time
Full-stroke
seek time
Average
latency
3.5 msec typ
4.5 msec max
11 msec seek
12 msec read
13 msec write
25 msec typ
27 msec max
5.58 msec
Note. Host overhead varies between systems and cannot be specified.
Drive internal overhead is measured by issuing a no-motion seek.
Overhead is typically less than 0.5 msec.
1.6 Multisegmented cache buffer
The Medalist Pro ST52520A and ST52160A drives are available with a
128-Kbyte, multisegmented cache buffer that improves performance by
reducing access times.
Read look-ahead. The drive uses the read segments to store additional
logical sectors, after the last requested sector, into a buffer before the
computer requests the additional sectors. The cache buffer stores data
8
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
from the start of a read until the buffer segment is full or until another
command is received.
Write immediate. The drive uses the write segment to store write
commands and data. After the drive receives all of the data for the
command, it issues a write complete. Then, the drive writes the data to
the disc.
Write merging. The drive accepts contiguous write commands and
executes them as one command.
1.7 Start and stop times
Within 20 seconds after power is applied, the drive is ready. Within 15
seconds after power is removed, the drive spindle stops rotating.
1.8 Typical power-up and power-down sequence
This section describes typical power-up and power-down sequences to
assist you in evaluating the drive’s performance. They are not performance specifications. A typical startup current profile is shown in Figure 1.
Startup current profiles are unique for each drive.
Current (mA)
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
2
4
6
8
10
Time (seconds)
Figure 1. Typical startup current profile
12
14
16
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
9
1.9 Power-up sequence
1. Power is applied to the drive.
2. When power is applied, the LED stays on for about 1 second.
3. The spindle motor reaches operating speed in about 4 seconds.
4. The magnetic actuator-lock releases the actuator.
5. The drive achieves final speed-control lock.
6. The heads position over track 0 and the drive is ready.
1.9.1
Power-down sequence
Caution. Do not move the drive until the motor has come to a complete
stop.
1. The power is turned off.
2. Within 15 seconds, the drive spindle stops rotating.
3. The read/write heads automatically move to the landing zone, which
is inside the maximum data cylinder.
4. The magnetic actuator-lock mechanism locks the arm. This completes
the power-down sequence.
1.10 Auto-park
During power-down, the read/write heads automatically move to the
landing zone. The heads park inside the maximum data cylinder and the
magnetic actuator-lock engages. When power is applied, the heads
recalibrate to track 0.
1.11 Power specifications
1.11.1 Power management
The drive supports Active, Idle and Standby power-management modes.
The power-management commands the drive supports are listed in the
table on page 27. The table on page 11 shows the average typical power
consumption rates for each power-management mode. The test criteria
for each mode is defined below. The Idle and Standby timers are disabled
at the factory.
All measurements were taken at the drive power connector. A true RMS
10
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
meter is used to measure all modes except Standby. A DMM is used for
Standby measurements.
1.11.1.1 Active mode
During the Active mode, the drive is involved in spinup, seeking or
read/write activities. The table on page 11 shows the typical power-consumption rates for these activities.
• Spinup. Spinup mode is entered from the Standby mode. The drive
brings the spindle and discs up to operating speed. Power in this mode
is defined as the peak power after starting spinup.
• Seeking. Seek mode is entered from Idle mode. The read/write heads
are moved to a specific location on the disc surface in preparation for
reading from or writing to the disc. Read/write electronics are powered
down but servo electronics are active. Typical power is defined as the
power average of executing random seeks with a 2-revolution (22.2
msec) dwell between Seek commands.
• Read/write. Read/write mode is entered from Idle mode. Read/write
electronics are activated and the servo is on track. The drive reads
from or writes to the disc.
1.11.1.2 Idle mode
The Idle mode is entered 1 minute after the last disk I/O activity. The
motor is up to speed and the actuator is repositioned once every minute.
This mode uses an algorithm that minimizes head media interface
stresses. The drive can enter Idle mode from either Active or Standby
mode.
1.11.1.3 Standby mode
The spindle is stopped, the heads are parked in the landing zone, the
actuator is latched and some of the drive electronics are powered down.
Note. When recovering from Standby or Sleep mode, you must allow
the drive to post ready before reporting a timeout. The drive can
take up to 20 seconds to post ready. In a master and slave
configuration, the master can wait up to 31 seconds for the slave
to complete diagnostics before posting ready.
1.11.1.4 Sleep mode
The sleep mode implementation is the same as Standby mode.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
11
1.11.2 Power consumption
In the table below, the values apply at the drive power connector. Current
was measured with an RMS DC ammeter.
Spinup
Seeking
Read/
write
Idle
Standby
Current at +12V
Amps max
1.9A
—
—
—
—
RMS amps typ
—
.49
.45
.45
.19
Watts typ
—
5.8
5.4
5.4
2.3
RMS amps typ
—
.42
.42
.42
.40
Watts typ
—
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.0
—
7.9W
7.5W
7.5W
4.3W
Current at +5V
Power
Total watts typ
1.12 Input noise
+5V
+12V
Voltage tolerance
(including noise)
± 5%
± 5%
Input noise frequency
(max)
25 MHz
25 MHz
Input noise
(max, peak-to-peak)
100 mV
240 mV
1.13 Environmental specifications
1.13.1 Ambient temperature
Operating
5° to 55°C (41°to 131°F)
Nonoperating
–40° to 70°C (–40° to 158°F)
Note. The system must provide sufficient air movement to maintain a
surface temperature of the aluminum base below 55°C.
12
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
1.13.2 Temperature gradient
Operating
Nonoperating
20°C per hour (36°F per hour)
30°C per hour (54°F per hour)
1.13.3 Altitude
Operating
–1,000 ft. to 10,000 ft. (–305 m to 3,048 m)
Nonoperating
–1,000 ft. to 40,000 ft. (–305 m to 12,192 m)
1.13.4 Relative humidity
Operating
Maximum operating
gradient
Nonoperating
8% to 80% noncondensing
Maximum wet bulb 29.4°C (85°F)
10% per hour
5% to 95% noncondensing
Maximum wet bulb 35°C (95°F)
1.14 Shock and vibration
All shock and vibration specifications apply when the drive is mounted
as recommended in Section 2.5 on page 22, with the input levels
measured at the drive mounting screws. Shock measurements are based
on an 11 msec, half sine wave shock pulse, not to be repeated more than
twice per second.
During normal operating shock and vibration, there is no physical damage to the drive or performance degradation. During nonoperating shock
and vibration, the read/write heads are positioned in the landing zone.
During abnormal operating shock and vibration, there is no physical
damage to the drives although performance may be degraded during the
shock or vibration episode. When normal operating shock levels resume,
the drive meets its performance specifications.
Operating
Abnormal
Nonoperating
Shock
2 Gs
10 Gs
75 Gs
5–22 Hz vibration
0.020-inch
displacement
0.030-inch
displacement
0.160-inch
displacement
22–350 Hz vibration
0.50 Gs
0.75 Gs
4.00 Gs
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
13
1.15 Acoustics
This table shows the overall A-weighted acoustic sound power and sound
pressure levels for the drives. All measurements are generally consistent
with ISO document 7779. Acoustic measurements are taken under
essentially free-field conditions over a reflecting plane. The drive is
oriented with the top cover up for all tests.
Overall A-weighted Value
Idle
Seek
Sound power, typ (bels)
3.4
4.0
Sound power, max (bels)
3.7
4.3
Sound pressure, typ (dBA)
27
30
Sound pressure, max (dBA)
30
33
1.16 Reliability
Read error rates are measured with automatic retries and data correction
with ECC enabled and all flaws re-allocated. The mean time between
failures (MTBF) is measured at nominal power at sea level and an
ambient temperature of 25°C.
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1013 bits transferred
Seek errors
1 per 107 physical seeks
Contact start/stops
50,000 cycles
MTBF
500,000 power-on hours
Service life
5 years
1.17 Agency listings
This drives are listed by agencies as follows:
• Recognized in accordance with UL478 and UL1950
• Certified to CSA C22.2 No. 220-M1986 and CSA C22.2 No. 950
• Certified to VDE 0805/05.90 and EN 60950/1.88 as tested by VDE
14
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
1.18 Electromagnetic Compliance for the European
Union
If this model has the CE Marking, it complies with the European Union
requirements of the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive 89/336/EEC
of 03 May 1989 as amended by Directive 92/31/EEC of 28 April 1992
and Directive 93/68/EEC of 22 July 1993.
Seagate uses an independent laboratory to confirm compliance to the
above directives. The drive was tested in a representative system for
typical applications. The selected system represents the most popular
characteristics for test platforms. The system configurations include:
• 486, Pentium, and PowerPC microprocessors
• 3.5-inch floppy disc drives
• Keyboard
• Monitor/display
Although the test system with this Seagate model complies to the
directives, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply. The computer manufacturer or system integrator shall confirm EMC compliance
and provide CE Marking for their product. The drive is not meant for
external use (without properly designed enclosure, shielded I/O cable,
etc.) and that a terminator should be used on all unused I/O ports.
1.19 FCC verification
The Medalist Pro ATA interface drives are intended to be contained
solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached to
an external device). As such, a drive is considered to be a subassembly
even when individually marketed to the customer. As a subassembly, no
Federal Communications Commission authorization, verification or certification of the device is required.
Seagate Technology, Inc. has tested these drives in an enclosure as
described above to ensure that the total assembly (enclosure, disc
drives, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for
a Class B computing device, pursuant to Subpart J of Part 15 of the FCC
rules. Operation with noncertified assemblies is likely to result in interference to radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in strict accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio and
television reception.
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
15
such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause interference to radio or television, which can be
determined by turning the equipment on and off, you are encouraged to
try one or more of the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the equipment into a different outlet so that the receiver and
computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find helpful the
following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission:
How to Identify and Resolve Radio-Television Interference Problems.
This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, US
Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication
number 004-000-00345-4.
Note. This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio
noise emissions from computer equipment as set out in the radio
interference regulations of the Canadian Department of communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n′émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques
de Classe B prescrites dans le règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des Communications du
Canada.
16
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Sicherheitsanleitung
1. Das Gerrät ist ein Einbaugerät, das für eine maximale Umgebungstemperatur von 55°C vorgesehen ist.
2. Zur Befestigung des Laufwerks werden 4 Schrauben 6-32 UNC-2A
benötigt. Bei seitlicher Befestigung darf die maximale Länge der
Schrauben im Chassis nicht mehr als 5,08 mm und bei Befestigung
an der Unterseite nicht mehr als 5,08 mm betragen.
3. Als Versorgungsspannugen werden benötigt:
+5V æ 5% 0.55A
+12Væ 5% 0.35A (1,9A fur ca. 30 Sek. fur ± 10%)
4. Die Versorgungsspannung muss SELV entsprechen.
5. Alle Arbeiten an der Festplatte dürfen nur von ausgebildetem Servicepersonal durchgeführt werden. Bitte entfernen Sie nicht die Aufschriftenschilder des Laufwerkes.
6. Der Einbau des Laufwerkes muss den Anforderungen gemäss DIN
IEC 950 V DE 0805/05.90 entsprechen.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
17
2.0 Configuring and mounting the drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring
and mounting the drive.
2.1 Handling and static-discharge precautions
After you unpack the drive, and before you install it in a system, be careful
not to damage it through mishandling. Observe the following standard
handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution:
• Keep the drive in its static-shielded bag until you are ready to complete
the installation. Do not attach any cables to the drive while it is in its
static-shielded bag.
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground
yourself frequently by touching the metal chassis of a computer that
is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap
throughout the entire installation procedure.
• Handle the drive by its edges or frame only.
• The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down
on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount
it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them
with additional labels. Removal voids the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other
labels are used to seal out dirt and contamination.
18
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
2.2 I/O cable and connector
The drive uses a 40-pin, male I/O connector with two rows of twenty pins
each and a notch for keying. Pin 20 is removed for keying purposes. A
drawing of the I/O connector is shown in Figure 2. Pin 1 is located near
the 4-pin power connector when the I/O connector is mounted.
0.100 ± 0.010
0.235 ± 0.025
pin 1
0.70 ± 0.010
0.025
± 0.002
0.230 ± 0.003
0.025 ± 0.002
0.100 typ
0.160
0.070 ± 0.010
1.90
2.00
Figure 2. ATA interface connector
The table below lists recommended parts for the mating connector. You
can use equivalent parts.
Part
Description
3M part number
Connector
40-pin
3M-3417-7000
Connector
40-pin
3M-3448-2040
Flat cable
AWG28 (stranded)
3M-3365-40
To ensure the integrity of your data, use a 40-connector, nonshielded I/O
cable with a maximum length of 18 inches (46 centimeters).
2.3 Power connector
The drive uses a standard 4-pin, male power connector. We recommend
the following part number or their equivalents for the mating connector.
Part
Description
Part number
Connector
Housing
AMP 1-480424-0
Connector
Pin (loose piece)
AMP 60619-4
Connector
Pin (Reel)
AMP 6117-4
Cable
18 AWG
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
19
2.4 Options jumper block
The options jumper block (J5), shown in Figure 3, is used to configure
the drives for operation. It is the 8-pin dual header between the I/O
connector and the power connector. Pin 1 is located next to the power
connector and is farthest from the printed circuit board. It accepts
0.1-inch jumpers. The options jumper block is used to:
• Configure the drive for single-drive operation
• Configure the drive as master with an ATA-compatible slave
• Configure the drive as the slave
• Configure the drive for alternate capacity
• Configure the drive for cable select
• Install a remote LED
The jumper settings for these options are shown in Figure 4 on page 20.
The drive is shipped with a spare jumper attached to pins 6 and 8. Use
this jumper to configure the drive.
Interface
connector
Pin 1
Pin 1
(J5)
Standard
power connector
1 2 3 4
Circuit board
+5V
+5V return
+12V return
+12V
Figure 3. Connectors
20
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Options jumper block (J5)
Spare
Jumper
Single drive
Drive is slave
Master with an
ATA-compatible
slave
Alternate Capacity
(AC)
Cable select
Remote LED
connection
7 5 3 1
8 6 4 2
Circuit Board
Figure 4. Configuration Settings
2.4.1
Master/slave configuration
Use the following settings to configure the drive as master or slave.
One drive only. The drive is configured at the factory for single-drive
operation. No jumpers are required for single-drive operation. The spare
jumper on pins 6 and 8 does not affect drive operation.
Drive as master with an ATA-compatible slave. Place a jumper on
pins 5 and 6.
Drive as slave. Place a jumper on pins 7 and 8.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
2.4.2
21
Alternate capacity jumper
This jumper lowers the drive capacity by setting the default translation to
1,024 cylinders. Some BIOSs that only auto-detect may require this
jumper. Place a jumper on pins 3 and 4 of the J5 options jumper block
to enable this option. When installing this jumper, you may need thirdparty partitioning software to achieve full capacity of the drive.
2.4.3
Remote LED
You can connect a remote LED to pins 1(–) and 2(+) of the options jumper
block (J5). Do not install a shunt jumper on these pins.
Because the jumper block uses a 0.1-inch connector, you may need to
replace the current connector. Use Seagate connector part number
10562-001 or an equivalent.
2.4.4
Cable-select option
Computers that use cable-select determine the master and slave drives
by selecting or deselecting pin 28, CSEL, on the interface bus. Master
and slave drives are determined by their physical position on the cable.
• The drive plugged into the I/O connector that carries the CSEL signal
is the master.
• The drive plugged into the I/O connector that does not carry the CSEL
signal is the slave.
To configure the drives for computers that use cable select:
• Install jumpers on pins 5 and 6 and pins 7 and 8 as shown in
Figure 4 on page 20.
• Connect the drives to the cable as shown in Figure 5 on page 22.
22
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Slave
CSEL not carried
to pin 28 of
this connector
Master
Pin 28 grounded
at computer
Computer
Figure 5. Connecting cable-selected drives
2.5 Mounting the drive
You can mount the drive in any orientation.
Use the set of mounting guidelines below that are appropriate to the type
of mounting holes used: either bottom mounting holes or side mounting
holes. Refer to Figure 6 on page 23 for mounting dimensions.
Bottom mounting holes. Insert four 6-32 UNC screws in the four bottom
mounting holes as shown in Figure 6.
Caution. Do not insert the bottom mounting screws more than
0.20 inches (6 turns) into the drive frame.
Side mounting holes. Use four 6-32 UNC screws in four of the six
available side mounting holes as shown in Figure 6. Use two mounting
holes on each side of the drive.
Caution. Do not insert the side mounting screws more than 0.20
inches (6 turns) into the drive frame. If you use a screw that is
too long, you risk damaging the drive’s circuit board.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
23
In the following figure, all dimensions are in inches and millimeters (mm).
Six 6-32 NC-2B threaded hole
Max screw insertion depth: 0.20 inches
0.748 max
(19.000)
2.362 ± 0.010
(59.995. ± 0.254)
0.250 ± 0.010
(6.350 ± 0.254)
0.240 ± 0.020 (6.096 ± 0.508)
4.000 ± 0.010 (101.60 ± 0.254)
5.380 max (136.652)
1.625 ± 0.020
(41.275 ± 0.508)
Four 6-32 NC-2B threaded hole
Max screw insertion depth: 0.20 inches
1.645 (41.783)
1.045 (25.543)
0.175 (4.445)
0.238
(6.045)
0.188 (4.775)
Pin 1
Figure 6. Mounting dimensions
Pin 1
Pin 1
4.010 max (101.854)
1.750 ± 0.010
(44.450 ± 0.254)
3.750 ± 0.010 (95.250 ± 0.254)
1.985 ± 0.020
(50.419 ± 0.508)
24
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
25
3.0 ATA interface
The drives use an ATA-3 interface. The interface complies with ANSI
ATA (AT Attachment) Interface X3T10 Rev. 6.0; SFF 8011: ATA Timing
Extension for Local Bus Attachments, Rev. 2.0 and SFF 8019: Identify
drives Data for drives Under 8 GB. The ATA commands that the drives
support are listed on pages 27 and 28. Commands and features with
specific applications for these drives are also discussed in this section.
The ATA interface consists of single-ended, TTL-compatible receivers
and drivers that use an asynchronous interface protocol. The drivers can
sink up to 24 mA and drive a load up to 300 pF. The integrity of the ATA
interface is affected by the interface cable. It is designed to support a
40-conductor, nonshielded interface cable with a maximum length of 18
inches (46 centimeters).
3.1 ATA Interface connector pin assignments
The signal name and signal direction for each I/O connector pin is shown
in Figure 7 on page 26. See the Seagate ATA Interface Reference
Manual, publication number 36111-xxx, for a complete description of
each pin.
Signal names are shown in upper-case letters. If the signal name is
followed by a minus sign (–), the signal is active low. Otherwise, the signal
is active high.
26
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Drive
Host
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
*34
35
36
37
38
*39
Reset–
Ground
DD7
DD8
DD6
DD9
DD5
DD10
DD4
DD11
DD3
DD12
DD2
DD13
DD1
DD14
DD0
DD15
Ground
(removed)
DMARQ
Ground
DIOW–
Ground
DIOR–
Ground
IORDY
CSEL
DMACK–
Ground
INTRQ
IOCS16–
DA1
PDIAG–
DA0
DA2
CS1FX–
CS3FX–
DASP–
40
Ground
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
Host Reset
Ground
Host Data Bus Bit 7
Host Data Bus Bit 8
Host Data Bus Bit 6
Host Data Bus Bit 9
Host Data Bus Bit 5
Host Data Bus Bit 10
Host Data Bus Bit 4
Host Data Bus Bit 11
Host Data Bus Bit 3
Host Data Bus Bit 12
Host Data Bus Bit 2
Host Data Bus Bit 13
Host Data Bus Bit 1
Host Data Bus Bit 14
Host Data Bus Bit 0
Host Data Bus Bit 15
Ground
(No Pin)
DMA Request
Ground
Host I/O Write
Ground
Host I/O Read
Ground
I/O Channel Ready
Cable Select
DMA Acknowledge
Ground
Host Interrupt Request
Host 16 Bit I/O
Host Address Bus Bit 1
Passed Diagnostics
Host Address Bus Bit 0
Host Address Bus Bit 2
Host Chip Select 0
Host Chip Select 1
Drive Active/
Drive 1 Present
40 Ground
*Drive-to-drive signals
Drive 1
(slave)
28
34
39
NC
Drive 0
(master)
28
34
39
Host
CSEL
PDIAG–
DASP–
Figure 7. ATA interface connector pin assignments
28
34
39
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
27
3.2 Command set
This section lists all of the ATA commands the drives use. Only the
commands with unique implementation for the drives are discussed in
this manual. For information about the ATA interface, refer to Working
Draft X3T10.2008D Rev. 6, Information Technology—AT Attachment-3
Interface ATA-3. Additional information about the drive commands and
features is provided in Seagate ATA Interface Reference Manual, 36311xxx, Small Form Factor Specification, SFF-8011 Rev 1.1, September 18,
1993, and Small Form-Factor Committee Specification Draft SFF-8055i,
January 8,1996, Revision 1.0, Preliminary Document.
The table below lists all commands implemented in the drives. It uses
the following abbreviations:
FR
Features register
SC
Sector Count register
SN
Sector Number register
CY
Cylinder register
DH
Drive/Head register
n
This register does not contain a valid parameter for this
command.
y
This register contains a valid parameter for this command. In
the Drive/Head register, both the drive and head parameters
are valid for this command.
D
The Drive/Head register contains a valid drive parameter for
this command. The head parameter is not valid for this
command.
Note. Read DMA, Read Long, Read Sector, Read Verify Sector, Write
DMA, Write Long and Write Sector support with retry and without
retry commands.
Command name
Parameters used
Command
code (in hex) FR SC SN CY DH
Active and Set Idle Timer
FB
n
y
n
n
D
Active Immediate
F9
n
n
n
n
D
Check Idle Mode
FD
n
y
n
n
D
98, E5
n
y
n
n
D
90
n
n
n
n
D
Check Power Mode
Execute Drives Diagnostic
continued
28
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
continued from previous page
Command name
Identify drives
Parameters used
Command
code (in hex) FR SC SN CY DH
EC
n
n
n
n
D
97, E3
n
y
n
n
D
FA
n
y
n
n
D
95, F8, E1
n
n
n
n
D
91
n
y
n
n
y
Read DMA
C8, C9
—
y
y
y
y
Read Long
22, 23
n
y
y
y
y
Read Multiple
C4
n
y
y
y
y
Read Sector
20, 21
n
y
y
y
y
Read Sector Buffer
E4
n
n
n
n
D
Read Verify Sector
40, 41
n
y
y
y
y
Recalibrate
1X
n
n
n
n
D
Seek
7X
n
n
y
y
y
Set Features
EF
y
n
n
n
D
Set Multiple Mode
C6
n
y
n
n
D
99, E6
n
n
n
n
D
B0
y
y
n
y
y
Standby
96, E2
n
n
n
n
D
Standby Immediate
94, E0
n
n
n
n
D
Write DMA
CA, CB
—
y
y
y
y
Write Long
32, 33
n
y
y
y
y
Write Multiple
C5
n
y
y
y
y
Write Sector
30, 31
n
y
y
y
y
E8
n
n
n
n
D
Idle
Idle and Set Idle Timer
Idle Immediate
Initialize Drive Parameters
Sleep
S.M.A.R.T.
Write Sector Buffer
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
3.2.1
29
Identify drive command (ECH)
The Identify drive parameters for the drives are listed in the table below.
Note. If the alternate capacity jumper is installed on the ST52520A, the
drive capacity is reduced in Word 1 to 1,024 cylinders.
Word
Description
STValue
0
Configuration
0040
0400H Fixed drives
1
Number of logical
cylinders
ST52520A = 4.970
ST52160A = 4,095
2
Reserved
0000
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Vendor specific
36540
5
Vendor specific
580
6
Number of logical sectors 63
per track
Vendor specific
0000
Serial number (20 ASCII
characters)
drive-unique
20
Vendor specific
3
21
Vendor specific
224
22
ECC bytes (R/W Long)
0004H
23–26
Firmware revision
(8 ASCII characters)
drive-unique
27–46
Model number (40 ASCII ST52520A
characters)
ST52160A
7–9
10–19
47
Vendor specific
8010H
48
Reserved
0000
49
Capabilities
0B01H
0001H IORDY
supported
50
Reserved
0000
continued
30
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
continued from previous page
Word
Description
STValue
51
PIO data-transfer cycle
timing mode
0200H
52
Obsolete
0200H
53
Current valid
0003H
0001H words 54–58, 64–70
valid
54
Number of current logical ST52520A = 4,970
cylinders
ST52160A = 4,095
55
Number of current logical 16
heads
56
Number of current
sectors
63
57–58
Current capacity in
sectors
ST52520A = 5,009,760 (CHS)
ST52160A = 4,127,760 (CHS)
xxH = Current setting for
number of sector that
can be transferred per
interrupt on Read/Write
Multiple command
0000
59
60–61
Total number of user
ST52520A = 5,009,760
addressable LBA sectors ST52160A = 4,127,760
62
Obsolete
0000
63
Multiword DMA transfer
mode active
0107H
Mode 0 is active
Modes 0, 1, and 2 supported
64
Advanced PIO transfer
mode supported
0003H
Modes 3 and 4
supported
65
Minimum multiword DMA 120 nsec
transfer cycle time per
word
66
Mfg. Recommended
multiword DMA transfer
cycle time
120 nsec
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Word
Description
31
STValue
67
Minimum PIO transfer
cycle time without flow
control
240 nsec
68
Minimum PIO transfer
with IORDY flow control
120 nsec
Reserved
0000
80
Major version number
0007H
supports ATA-3
supports ATA-2
supports ATA-1
81
Minor version number
0000
Not supported
82
Command set support
0000
Not supported
83
Command set support
0000
Not supported
69–79
84–127
Reserved
128
Security status
129–159
Vendor specific
160–255
Reserved
0000
32
3.2.2
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Set Features command (EFH)
The Set Features command (command code EFH) allows the user to
enable and disable the multisegmented cache and Auto Relocation
features and to identify the transfer modes the drive uses. The multisegmented buffer consists of Read Look-ahead and write-immediate and
write-merging features. The table below lists the features the drives
support. The features that are set to default by the factory are indicated
in the Feature column.
To use the command:
1. Write the Feature value to the Features register.
2. Write the Set Features command to the command register.
Note. If the value in the Features register is not supported or is invalid,
the drives post an Aborted Command error.
At power-on or after a hard reset, the feature selections are restored to
the factory-default values.
The table below shows alterable features that the drives support. Values
that are preset at the factory are indicated as default in the feature
description.
Feature Value
Feature
02H
Enable write cache (default)
03H
Set transfer mode
04H
Enable Read Auto Relocation (default)
55H
Disable read look-ahead cache
82H
Disable write cache
84H
Disable Read Auto Relocation
AAH
Enable read look-ahead cache (default)
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
33
3.2.2.1 PIO and DMA Data-Transfer Modes
You can set the multiword DMA mode and identify the PIO data-transfer
mechanism and transfer mode with the Set Features command. To set
the multiword DMA mode:
1. Write Set Features command value 03H (Set Data Transfer mode) to
the Features register.
2. Write a transfer types value to the Sector Count register. The upper 5
bits of this value define the type of data transfer, and the lower 3 bits
encode the mode value.
This changes word 63 of the Identify Drive command to the mode you
enter in the Sector Count register.
The following table identifies allowable transfer types values:
Data-Transfer Mechanism
Mechanism name
Transfer Types value
Mode
value
Data
Lower 3 bits
Upper 5 bits
PIO Transfer Mode (default)
2
00000
000
PIO Transfer Mode:
Set PIO Mode = 2
2
00000
001
PIO Flow Control Transfer
Mode: Set PIO Mode = 0
0
00001
000
PIO Flow Control Transfer
Mode: Set PIO Mode = 1
1
00001
001
PIO Flow Control Transfer
Mode: Set PIO Mode = 2
2
00001
010
PIO Flow Control Transfer
Mode: Set PIO Mode = 3
3
00001
011
PIO Flow Control Transfer
Mode: Set PIO Mode = 4)
4
00001
100
Multiword DMA Mode
0
00100
000
Multiword DMA Mode
1
00100
001
Multiword DMA Mode
2
00100
010
Reserved
—
01000
nnn
Note. If the drive does not support a commanded mode, it returns a 04
aborted command error.
34
3.2.3
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Standby timer timeout period
The Idle command and Standby command Sector Count registers are
used to activate the Standby timer. The host can enable the Standby
timer by placing a value in the sector-count register of the Idle command
or Standby command. The value corresponds to a predetermined period
of drive inactivity. The table below lists the values the Seagate drives use
and their corresponding timeout period.
Sector Count Register contents
Corresponding timeout period
0 (0H)
Timeout disabled
1–12 (1H–CH)
value = 60 seconds
13–240 (DH–F0H)
(value * 5) seconds
241–251 (F1H–FBH)
(value – 240) * 30) minutes
252 (FCH)
21 minutes
253 (FDH)
8 hours
254 (FEH)
Reserved
255 (FFH)
21 minutes 15 seconds
The drives are shipped with the Standby timer disabled.
3.2.4
Sleep command (99H, E6H)
This command performs the same function as the Standby Immediate
command (94H, E0H).
3.2.5
Auto Relocation
This feature allows the drive to identify grown media defects and to
reallocate the sector without host intervention using both Read and Write
Auto Relocation.
The Read Relocation can be disabled by using the Set Feature command
Disable Read Auto Relocation, feature value 84H. This feature is not
implemented for the Read Long command.
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
35
The Write Relocation, in addition to write cache, can be disabled by using
the Set Feature command Disable Write Cache, feature value 82H. This
feature is not implemented for the Write Long command.
Write Relocation and write cache are both disabled using value 82H.
These features are mutually exclusive.
3.2.6
S.M.A.R.T. command (B0H)
Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) is an
emerging technology that provides near-term failure prediction for disc
drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the Seagate drive monitors predetermined attributes within itself that are susceptible to degradation over
time. S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available so that the host can
prompt the user to back up the drive if self-monitoring determines that a
failure is likely. Not all failures are predictable. S.M.A.R.T. predictability
is limited to only those attributes the drive can monitor.
The S.M.A.R.T. feature is disabled at the factory. You must have a BIOS,
software driver or application software that supports S.M.A.R.T. to
enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command
codes the Seagate drives use.
Note. To implement a S.M.A.R.T. command, the host must write the
value 0x4F to Cylinder_lo register and the value 0xC2 to the
Cylinder_hi register at the same time it writes the S.M.A.R.T.
command code to the Features register. If these values are not
included with the command code, the command will be aborted
and 0x04 (abort) will be written to the Error register.
Command code Feature description
D2H
Enable/disable attribute autosave
D8H
Enable operation
D9H
Disable operation
DAH
Return S.M.A.R.T. status
36
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
37
Appendix. Timing diagrams
Without IORDY, the drives operate at programmed I/O timing specifications, as shown below.
Address valid
DIOR− and DIOW−
Write data valid
Read data valid
IOCS16−
T7
T5
T6
T3
T1
T4
T2
T9
T8
T0
Figure 8. Programmed I/O timing without IORDY
Time
Description
Min
Max
T0
Cycle time
200 nsec
—
T1
Drives address (CS1FX–, CS3FX–,
DA0, DA1 and DA2) valid and
DIOR– and DIOW setup
30 nsec
—
T2
DIOW– or DIOR– pulse width
80 nsec
—
T3
DIOW– data setup
30 nsec
—
T4
DIOW– data hold
15 nsec
—
T5
DIOR– data setup
20 nsec
T6
DIOR– data hold
5 nsec
—
T7
DIOW– or DIOR– to address valid hold
—
40 nsec
T8
DIOW– false to write data hold
—
30 nsec
T9
DIOR– false to read data hold
10 nsec
38
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
When using IORDY, the drives operate at programmed timing specifications, as shown below.
Address valid
IOCS16−
DIOR− or DIOW−
IORDY
Write data valid
Read data valid
T1
T2
T3
T7
T8
T6
T9
T5
T4
T10
T11
T0
Figure 9. Programmed I/O timing with IORDY
Time
Description
Min
Max
120 nsec
—
T0
Cycle time
T1
Address valid until IOCS16– is asserted
—
30 nsec
T2
Drive address (CS1FX–, CS3FX–,
DA0, DA1 and DA2) valid before DIOR–
or DIOW– setup
25 nsec
—
T3
IORDY setup time
—
—
DIOW– or DIOR– pulse width (8-bit)
70 nsec
—
DIOW– or DIOR– pulse width (16-bit)
70 nsec
—
T4
T5
IORDY pulse width
—
1,250
nsec
T6
DIOW– data setup
20 nsec
—
T7
DIOR– data setup
20 nsec
—
T8
DIOR– data hold
5 nsec
—
T9
DIOW– data hold
10 nsec
—
T10
DIOW– or DIOR– to address valid hold
5 nsec
—
T11
Address valid until IOCS16– is negated
—
25 nsec
Medalist Pro 2520/2160 Product Manual, Rev. C
39
The drives operate at multiword DMA mode 2 timing specifications, as
shown below.
DMARQ
DMACK−
DIOR− or DIOW−
Read data valid
Write data valid
TE
TF
TG
TI
TH
TD
TL
TK
TJ
T0
Figure 10. Multiword DMA timing
Time
Description
Min
Max
120 nsec
—
70 nsec
—
—
—
T0
Cycle time
TD
DIOW– or DIOR– pulse width (16-bit)
TE
DIOR– data access
TF
DIOR– data hold
5 nsec
—
TG
DIOW– data setup
20 nsec
—
TH
DIOW– data hold
10 nsec
—
TI
DMACK– to DIOR– or DIOW– setup
0 nsec
—
TJ
DIOR– or DIOW– to DMACK– hold
5 nsec
—
TKR DIOR– negated pulse width
25 nsec
—
TKW DIOW– negated pulse width
25 nsec
—
TLR DIOR– to DMARQ delay
—
35 nsec
TLW DIOW– to DMARQ delay
—
25 nsec
Seagate Technology, Inc.
920 Disc Drive, Scotts Valley, California 95066, USA
Publication Number: 36347-101, Rev. C, Printed in USA