Alesis
MIDIVERB IV STEREO EFFECTS PROCESSOR
Service Manual V 1.00
6/13/95
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
i
03/05/99
PREFACE
This document is intended to assist the service technician in the operation, maintenance and repair of the
MidiVerb IV Stereo Effects Processor. Together with the MidiVerb 4 Reference Manual, this document
provides a complete description of the functionality and serviceability of the Midiverb IV. Any comments
or suggestions you may have pertaining to the document are welcome and encouraged.
READ THIS!
In addition to any purchase price that Alesis may charge as consideration for Alesis
selling or otherwise transferring this service manual (“Manual”) to you, if you are not a
service and repair facility (“Service Center”) authorized by Alesis in writing to be an
authorized Service Center, Alesis sells or transfers the Manual to you on the following
terms and conditions:
Only Service Centers authorized by Alesis in writing are authorized to perform service
and repairs covered by an Alesis warranty (if any), and transfer of the Manual to you
does not authorize you to be an authorized Service Center. Therefore, if you perform,
or if the Manual is used to perform, any service or repairs on any Alesis product
or part thereof, any and all warranties of Alesis as to that product and any service
contract with Alesis for that product shall be voided and shall no longer apply for
such product, even if your services or repairs were done in accordance with the
Manual.
All service or repairs done by you or with reference to the Manual shall be solely your
responsibility, and Alesis shall have no liability for any such repairs or service work. All
such service or repairs are performed at the sole risk of the person performing
the service or repairs. You agree that all such work will be performed in a competent,
professional and safe manner at all times and to indemnify and fully hold Alesis and its
successors and assigns harmless in the event of any failure to so perform.
Your purchase of the Manual shall be for your own ultimate use and shall not be for
purposes of resale or other transfer.
As the owner of the copyright to the Manual, Alesis does not give you the right to copy
the Manual, and you agree not to copy the Manual without the written authorization of
Alesis. Alesis has no obligation to provide to you any correction of, or supplement to,
the Manual, or any new or superseding version thereof.
Alesis shall have the right to refuse to sell or otherwise transfer repair parts or materials
to you in its sole discretion. You shall not use, sell or otherwise transfer spare or
replacement parts supplied by Alesis to you (i) to repair or be used in products
manufactured for or by third parties or (ii) to any third parties for any purpose.
You shall not make any warranties or guarantees with respect to the products of Alesis
or the use thereof on behalf of Alesis or in your own name.
The foregoing describes the entire understanding related to sale
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
ii
03/05/99
WARNINGS
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK OR FIRE, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS
PRODUCT TO WATER OR MOISTURE.
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
The arrowhead symbol on a lightning flash inside a triangle is intended to alert the user to
the presence of un-insulated "dangerous voltage" within the enclosed product which may
be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point inside a triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of
important operating, maintenance and servicing instructions in the literature which
accompanies the product.
CAUTION
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced.
Replace only with the same type or equivalent type
recommended by the equipment manufacturer.
Battery Manufacturer: Panasonic/Matsushita
Type: BR2325
Rating 3V, 5mA
REPAIR BY ANY PERSON OR ENTITY OTHER THAN AN AUTHORIZED ALESIS SERVICE
CENTER WILL VOID THE ALESIS WARRANTY.
PROVISION OF THIS MANUAL DOES NOT AUTHORIZE THE RECIPIENT TO COMPETE
WITH ANY ALESIS DISTRIBUTOR OR AUTHORIZED REPAIR SERVICE CENTER IN THE
PROVISION OF REPAIR SERVICES OR TO BE OR MAKE REPAIRS AS AN AUTHORIZED
SERVICE CENTER.
ALL REPAIRS DONE BY ANY ENTITY OTHER THAN AN AUTHORIZED ALESIS SERVICE
CENTER SHALL BE SOLELY THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THAT ENTITY, AND ALESIS
SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO THAT ENTITY OR TO ANY OTHER PARTY FOR ANY
REPAIRS BY THAT ENTITY.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
iii
03/05/99
SAFETY SUGGESTIONS
Carefully read the applicable items of the operating instructions and these safety suggestions before using
this product. Use extra care to follow the warnings written on the product itself and in the operating
instructions. Keep the operating instructions and safety suggestions for reference in the future.
1.
Power Source. The product should only be connected to a power supply which is described either in the operating
instructions or in markings on the product.
2.
Power Cord Protection. AC power supply cords should be placed such that no one is likely to step on the cords and such
that nothing will be placed on or against them.
3.
Periods of Non-use. If the product is not used for any significant period of time, the product’s AC power supply cord
should be unplugged from the AC outlet.
4.
Foreign Objects and Liquids. Take care not to allow liquids to spill or objects to fall into any openings of the product.
5.
Water or Moisture. The product should not be used near any water or in moisture.
6.
Heat. Do not place the product near heat sources such as stoves, heat registers, radiators or other heat producing
equipment.
7.
Ventilation. When installing the product, make sure that the product has adequate ventilation. Improperly ventilating the
product may cause overheating, which may damage the product.
8.
Mounting. The product should only be used with a rack which the manufacturer recommends. The combination of the
product and rack should be moved carefully. Quick movements, excessive force or uneven surfaces may overturn the
combination which may damage the product and rack combination.
9.
Cleaning. The product should only be cleaned as the manufacturer recommends.
10.
Service. The user should only attempt the limited service or upkeep specifically described in the operating instructions
for the user. For any other service required, the product should be taken to an authorized service center as described in
the operating instructions.
11.
Damage to the Product. Qualified service personnel should service the unit in certain situations including without
limitation when:
a. Liquid has spilled or objects have fallen into the product,
b. The product is exposed to water or excessive moisture,
c. The AC power supply plug or cord is damaged,
d. The product shows an inappropriate change in performance or does not operate normally, or
e. The enclosure of the product has been damaged.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
iv
03/05/99
General Troubleshooting
While this manual assumes that the reader has a fundamental understanding of electronics and
basic troubleshooting techniques, a review of some of the techniques used by our staff may help.
1. Visual Inspection - A short visual inspection of the unit under test will often yield results without the
need of complex signal analysis (burnt, or loose components are a dead giveaway).
2. Self Test - Alesis products that utilize microprocessor control contain built in test software which
exercises many of the units’ primary circuit functions. Self test should always be done following any
repair to ensure basic functionality.
3. Environmental Testing - Applying heat and cold (heat gun/freeze spray) will often reveal thermally
intermittent components (Clock crystals, I.C.s, and capacitors are particularly prone to this type of
failure).
4. Burn in Testing - Leaving a unit running overnight often reveals intermittent failures such as
capacitors that begin to leak excess current after a significant amount of time.
5. Cable Checks - Wiggling cables can reveal intermittent failures such as loose cables or poorly soldered
headers. Remember to check power supply cables as well.
6. Flexing the PC Board - Poor solder joints and broken traces can often be found by pressing the PC
Board in various places.
7. Tapping Components - Sometimes tapping on a component (particularly crystals) will cause it to fail.
8. Power Down/up - Turning the unit off and back on rapidly several times may reveal odd reset and/or
power supply failures.
9. Reset Threshold - A Variac (variable transformer) can be used to check reset threshold levels. This can
be particularly useful in helping customers with low line problems.
10. Compressors - Using a compressor/limiter is often helpful when attempting to solve low level noise
problems, as well as assisting with DAC adjustments.
11. Sweep Tests - Sweep generators are very useful in checking the frequency response envelopes of antialiasing filters.
12. Piggybacking - Piggybacking I.C.s is particularly useful when troubleshooting large sections of logic.
This is especially true when working with older units.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
v
03/05/99
Table Of Contents
PREFACE........................................................................................... ii
READ THIS!........................................................................................ ii
WARNINGS........................................................................................ iii
SAFETY SUGGESTIONS .................................................................. iv
General Troubleshooting .................................................................... v
1.00 General Description .................................................................... 1
2.00 Power Supply.............................................................................. 1
2.10 Battery Backup ................................................................... 1
3.00 Analog Signal Paths ................................................................... 1
3.10 Input.................................................................................... 1
3.20 Output................................................................................. 2
4.00 A-D/D-A ...................................................................................... 2
4.10 A-D ..................................................................................... 2
4.20 D-A ..................................................................................... 2
5.00 Digital Signal Paths..................................................................... 3
5.10 RESET................................................................................ 3
5.20 M4 ASIC ............................................................................. 3
6.00 The Front Panel.......................................................................... 5
6.10 The Keypad ........................................................................ 5
6.20 Display LEDs ...................................................................... 5
6.30 Disassembly ....................................................................... 5
7.00 Test Procedures ......................................................................... 7
7.10 Self Test ............................................................................. 7
7.20 Further Testing. .................................................................. 7
8.00 Troubleshooting .......................................................................... 8
9.00 Schematics ................................................................................. 9
10.00 Software History ....................................................................... 13
11.00 MIDI Implementation................................................................. 15
OVERVIEW ................................................................................ 15
THE CHANNEL BYTE ................................................................ 15
THE OPCODE BYTE.................................................................. 15
SYSTEM INFO DATA................................................................. 16
PROGRAM TABLE DATA .......................................................... 17
EDIT BUFFER DATA.................................................................. 17
ALL USER PROGRAMS DATA.................................................. 17
SINGLE PROGRAM DATA ........................................................ 17
STORE PROGRAM DATA ......................................................... 17
NOTES ....................................................................................... 17
12.00 Service Parts List...................................................................... 18
13.00 Service Manual History............................................................. 20
INDEX................................................................................................. 21
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
vi
03/05/99
1.00 General Description
The MidiVerb IV is a continuation of the Alesis line of quality studio signal processors. As
is the tradition at Alesis, much of unit’s complex functions are incorporated into an LSI ASIC,
reducing parts count and cost, as well as increasing reliability and serviceability. The MidiVerb
IV pushes the concept of integration further than any previous processors, adding hardware to
the ASIC that was previously discreet components.
2.00 Power Supply
The M4 power supply begins with the 9 Volt A.C. adapter (Alesis P3 type). Input from J8
is R.F. filtered by C35 before on/off switch SW1. From there it is split for the +12V, -12V, and
+5V rails. The +12V rail consists of a voltage doubler (C11, C18, and D3, D5), a 7812 regulator,
and a filter capacitor (C16). The -12V rail is a "mirror" of the +12V rail, consisting of voltage
doubler (C12, C19, and D4, D6), a 7912 regulator, and a filter capacitor (C20). The +5V rail
consists of a rectifier diode (D2), an input filter capacitor (C5), a 7805 regulator, an output filter
capacitor (C10) and a multitude of 0.1µF bypass capacitors. Note that the raw +5V line used by
the microprocessor reset, and the SRAM power supply, and is located at the input to the 7805
regulator. Likewise, the +12 V and -12V raw supply lines are available for use by the LCD.
2.10 Battery Backup
Battery backup is actually more complicated than it might first appear, as it
depends on a good system reset (see section 5.10 for details) in order to function properly. The
actual backup circuit consists of a battery (3V Lithium), a 10K resistor (R21) for checking
standby current (see below), a "steering" diode (D8), a filter capacitor (C32), and a
transistor/resistor/diode combination that acts as a steering diode, while maintaining a high
enough supply voltage to prevent SRAM data corruption.
SRAM standby current should always be checked. While the unit is off, check the voltage
across R21. If the voltage is higher than 80mV (specification, although a 1 to 20mV range is
more normal) then a problem exists. Usually it indicates a bad (or simply wrong) SRAM, or a
short, somewhere along the SRAM Vcc line.
WARNING: Danger of explosion exists if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with
the same type or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer.
Battery Manufacturer: Panasonic/Matsushita
Type: BR2325
Rating: 3V, 5mA
3.00 Analog Signal Paths
3.10 Input
The signal(s) from input jacks J3 (right) and J4 (left/mono) are current limited by R20,
R26, and have their impedances set at 1MΩ (stereo), 500KΩ (mono) by resistors R12 and R27.
These signals are then buffered by U8C and U8D respectively, before being sent to the input
DigPots (U6B, U6A) via A.C. coupling capacitors C4 and C2. After a small gain stage (U8B,
U8A) the signals are passed along to the ADC for further processing.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
1
03/05/99
3.20 Output
The differential outputs of the DAC (U12) are converted to a single ended mode via U7B
and U7A and their surrounding circuitry. This circuitry also provides some low pass filtering.
These signals are then A.C. coupled by C1 and C3 before being sent to the output DigPots.
The output of the DigPots is buffered by U7D and U7C before being sent to the output jacks (J1
and J2). The output impedance of the unit is fixed at approximately 220Ω by resistors R15 and
R19. C24 and C26 provide R.F. filtering for the outputs.
4.00 A-D/D-A
4.10 A-D
The A to D is a 128 times over sampling Philips 7360 high performance device. It is a
stereo part utilizing high Sigma-Delta conversion techniques that eliminates the need for sample
and holds, and extensive anti aliasing filters.
The right channel is input through R37, while R47 is a feedback for to the A to D’s
internal input buffer amplifier. R42 and R60 provide negative and positive inputs to the A to D’s
internal sigma delta modulator. C40 is a small filter cap placed between these inputs.
The left input is identical and uses R38, R49, R43, R38 and C41.
C8, C42, C9, and C43 are the bypass filters for the internal voltage reference. C35 along
with R34 and R35 act as filters for the negative and positive internal DAC reference inputs.
Analog power is supplied through current limiters (R52, and R56) which help suppress current
spikes. C44, C45, and C13 act as bypass filters for the analog supply. The digital supply is
filtered by C16, C50, and R60.
R48 is a current reference and has a tolerance of 1% for precision.
The A to D’s stereo output is transmitted from the FROMADC line to the M4 ASIC chip
(U9).
4.20 D-A
The digital to analog converter is U12 which is an AKM 4318A DAC. Like the A to D, this
D to A is a high performance over sampling stereo device. It can achieve an outstanding signal
to noise ratio of 98 dB which is unprecedented in it’s price range. Also, the over sampling nature
significantly reduces output filter requirements.
The analog power filter consists of C16, and C48, while the digital is supplied via diodes
D10 and D11, and is filtered by C14, and C47. It’s bit clock, which is 3.0MHz, is derived from the
12MHz clock by the M4 ASIC U9.
The D to A outputs are routed through differential amplifiers to the unit’s output jacks, via
the analog output section (see sec. 3.20).
Note that this product is specifically designed to take advantage of the "A" version of the AKM
device. This means that the unit is not compatible with the older AKM-4318 (no "A" suffix) part.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
2
03/05/99
5.00 Digital Signal Paths
The 80C31 MPU (U14) controls all "user interface" functions of the M4. These functions
range from handling the front panel buttons, to continuously updating algorithm information to
the M4 ASIC (U9). Note that the 8031 data buss serves a dual purpose. This buss multiplexes
between low order addresses (1st 8 bits), and data. A latch contained in the M4 ASIC is used to
hold the low order address half, during 8031 read and write cycles. The EPROM (U2) is used to
hold both program information, and algorithm data. The SRAM (U10) holds system variables, as
well as user preset data. MIDI I/O is handled through the 8031’s built in RXD (Read Serial
Data), and TXD (Transmit Serial Data) ports. Front panel keypad decoding and DigPot control
are handled through the 8031’s built in I/O ports.
5.10 RESET
The 8031 reset circuit is perhaps the single most important circuit in the M4. When this
circuit is functioning incorrectly, a complete lock-up of the machine, will occur.
On power up, the 2N4401 transistor is off (the raw supply hasn’t raised up far enough yet
to bias the transistor on, through R5, R8, and the zener divider network). The rest of the circuit
is contained within the M4 ASIC. When the raw supply reaches approximately 7 volts, the
transistor will turn on, causing the reset line to drop low. The opposite should occur on power
down (transistor turns off at 7V threshold, reset line goes high during the discharge of the power
rails) ensuring data integrity.
5.20 M4 ASIC
A full discussion of this device is beyond the scope of this manual, however a brief
description of the important pins is necessary, and presented below.
PIn #(s)
53
55
56
1-4, 61-64
5, 6
7
8
Function
SRAMCE> SRAM Chip Enable - Enable line for 8031 SRAM.
PUPIN> Power UP IN - Conditioned raw +5V is used to determine the
time at which the unit resets. Reset will not occur until the raw supply
reaches approximately 7V. This is done to ensure that the regulated
+5 is steady before machine operation can begin.
PUPOUT> Power UP OUT - Basically the reset out line.
MICROAD0-7> MICROprocessor ADdress 0-7 - Because the 8031
data buss is multiplexed between data and low order addresses, a
latch must be provided external to hold the low order half of the
address during data transfers. This latch (which was a discreet
component in earlier Alesis products) has now been incorporated into
the M4 ASIC. (See also MICROALE, LSADDR0-7.)
MICROAD12, 15> MICROprocessor ADdress 12,15 - These two
address lines from the 8031 are used to decode memory mapped
locations such as the LCD enable.
MICRORD> MICROprocessor ReaD enableMICROWR> MICROprocessor WRite enable-
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
3
03/05/99
PIn #(s)
9
10-17
43
44
19
20
21
22
23
24-25, 28-42
45-52
59
60
54
Function
MICROALE > MICROprocessor Address Latch Enable - Used to
enable the low order address buss latch. (See also MICROAD0-7,
LSADDR0-7.)
LSADDR0-7> microprocessor Low order Stored ADDRess 0-7 These lines represent the low order address buss values during the
time that the data/address bus is transferring data values. (See also
MICROAD0-7, MICROALE.)
DSPSRAMOE> DSP SRAM Output Enable - Enables the output of the
SRAM directly under the control of the M4 ASIC.
SRAMWR> SRAM WRite enable - Enables writing to the SRAM
directly under the control of the M4 ASIC
M12CLK> 12 Mhz CLocK M3CLK> 3 Mhz CLocK LRCLK> Left-Right CLocK - Used to determine which channel of the
stereo DAC data is sent to.
DACDATA> Digital-Analog Converter DATA FROMADC> FROM Analog-Digital Converter SRAMA0-16> SRAM Address 0-16 - Address buss of the SRAM
directly under the control of the M4 ASIC.
SRAMD0-7> SRAM Data 0-7 - Data buss of the SRAM directly under
the control of the M4 ASIC.
XTALIN> XTAL IN - 12MHz crystal oscillator.
XTALOUT> XTAL OUT - 12MHz crystal oscillator.
LCDEN> LCD ENable - Enables the LCD’s internal data latch.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
4
03/05/99
6.00 The Front Panel
Care should be taken any time that the front panel must be disassembled. Some
components (i.e. LCD glass and heat seal cable) are delicate, and will not stand up to a lot of
abuse while disassembled. It should be noted that while the LCD assembly is accessible at this
point, field disassembly of the LCD is NOT recommended, and front panel repairs in the field
should be limited repairing keypad failures.
The front panel contains three key elements:
The LCD
The Keypad
Display LEDs
6.10 The Keypad
The 8031 accesses the keypad via a standard row-column polling matrix. The actual
switches are composed of gold plated contact points on the PCB, and a carbon coating on the
contact points of the rubber keypad. The 8031 constantly scans the keypad for button press by
sending a low to each row, and checking for a corresponding low on any of the columns. Note
that the data encoder is also scanned in this fashion, and not all encoder failures are
necessarily caused by a bad encoder.
6.20 Display LEDs
Should one or more front panel LEDs go bad, they should be fairly easy to replace using
the disassembly procedure outlined below. If all of the LEDs are dead, then the 74HC138 (U3)
is probably bad and should be replaced first. Again this component is only accessible by
disassembling the front panel.
6.30 Disassembly
Refer to diagram 1 which shows the locations of the critical elements of the front panel
assembly. Remove the front panel assembly from the main chassis, and unplug the cables at J1
and J2. Detach the 4 metal clips from the extruded case. Remove the nylon retaining strip
freeing the plastic frame assembly. Push the frame to the back of the front panel and it should
be free to slide out of the side of the front panel.
To remove the PCB it will first be necessary to unsolder the ribbon cable connecting data
encoder to the front panel PCB. There are PCB retaining clips built into the plastic frame. Gently
push these away from the PCB, and lift the PCB away from the frame. When all six clips have
been loosened, the board should be free to remove from the frame.
To remove the data encoder it is necessary to remove the knob first. In order to do this
without tearing up the front panel, use the holes in the back of the frame to push the knob off
with a small screwdriver (see diagram 2).
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
5
03/05/99
Diagram 1
Diagram 2
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
6
03/05/99
7.00 Test Procedures
If possible, user data should be saved (an Alesis DataDisk is recommended for this task)
prior to any servicing. This, of course, may not always be possible (i.e. dead power supply, bad
reset signal, corrupt data, etc.). Saving user data may also be accomplished after unit
functionality is restored (i.e. power supply, or reset line, is repaired), and prior to further
servicing, and testing. The unit should always be reinitialized (power unit up while holding
"PROGRAM" and "D" buttons down) after changing the EPROM, or SRAM.
7.10 Self Test
The built in test software, as in other Alesis products, provides basic diagnostics and
tests to ensure unit functionality. A MIDI cable MUST be inserted between MIDI IN and OUT
before initiating the test. To initiate the self test hold "A" and "D" while powering the unit up. The
unit will then proceed to test the following:
A LEDs-All front panel LEDs are lit sequentially and immediately proceeds to the next test.
A ROM-CHECKSUM-Checks the ROM’s checksum for accuracy and immediately proceeds to
the next test.
A MIDI TEST-Checks MIDI I/O and immediately proceeds to the next test.
A RAM TEST-Checks internal memory for correct operation and immediately proceeds to the
next test.
A SWITCHES/ENCODER-Pressing Individual front panel buttons causes their function to be
displayed on the LCD. Rotating the DATA KNOB causes it’s direction to be displayed. Power
the unit down to exit the self test routines.
7.20 Further Testing.
/Use a clean audio source (CDs preferred) and set up the unit according to the user’s
manual.
/Listen to the wet (effects) output for any distortion.
/Use the Data Knob to change the input and output levels through their full range to ensure
the correct operation of the DigPots.
/To ensure that the shaft encoder is functioning properly all programs should be listened to
briefly.
/Turn the input level all the way down, and the output level all the up.
/Listen for excessive noise in the noise floor.
/Send and receive all user programs via MIDI to ensure MIDI operation.
/As a final check it’s a good idea to physically shake the unit so that no loose parts remain
inside the unit.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
7
03/05/99
8.00 Troubleshooting
This chart is presented in the interest of helping technicians new to our product line. It is
not intended as a substitute for genuine troubleshooting.
Observed Problem
Possible Cause
No power, unit is "DEAD".
Faulty power supply.
Faulty +5V rectifier diode (D2).
Faulty bypass capacitor.
Lights up, but no display or function.
Faulty 8031.
Faulty SRAM.
Unit "crashed".
Faulty M4 ASIC.
Faulty LCD Module.
Unit locked up (display works but unit
doesn’t function).
Garbled LCD display.
Loose front panel cable.
Faulty 8031.
Unit "crashed".
Faulty SRAM.
Faulty LCD Module.
No audio.
No effects (wet) output.
Distorted output.
Noisy audio.
No MIDI in.
No MIDI out.
Faulty 8031.
Faulty M4 ASIC.
Faulty ADC.
Faulty DAC.
Faulty DIGPOT.
Faulty M4 ASIC.
Faulty 8031.
Faulty DIGPOT.
Input levels set too high.
Faulty ADC.
Faulty DAC.
Faulty or wrong power supply.
Power supply circuitry bad.
Faulty op-amp.
Faulty M4 ASIC.
Faulty ADC.
Faulty DAC.
Faulty opto-isolator.
Faulty 8031.
Faulty 8031.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
8
Possible Solution
Replace and retest.
Test diode, replace if necessary.
Check for burnt or hot capacitors. Replace if
necessary.
Replace and retest.
Replace, reinitialize memory (Power unit up
while holding "A" and "D") and retest.
Reinitialize memory and retest. (Power unit
up while holding "A" and "D")
Replace and retest.
Test with known good front panel. Replace if
necessary.
Reseat cable and retest.
Replace and retest.
Reinitialize memory and retest. (Power unit
up while holding "A" and "D")
Reinitialize memory and retest. (Power unit
up while holding "A" and "D")
Test with known good front panel. Replace if
necessary.
Replace and retest.
Replace and retest.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Replace and retest.
Replace and retest.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Reduce input levels and retest.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Replace and retest.
Check regulator outputs and troubleshoot as
necessary.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Replace and retest.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Troubleshoot and repair as necessary.
Replace and retest.
Replace and retest.
Replace and retest.
03/05/99
9.00 Schematics
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
9
03/05/99
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
10
03/05/99
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
11
03/05/99
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
12
03/05/99
10.00 Software History
V1.02, 02/17/95, Checksum $1B39
NOTE: If you are upgrading from V1.00, V1.02 will force a hard reset when you first install it. (i.e., your
User Programs will be re-initialized). A hard reset is necessary because some of the Configurations have
changed and are no longer compatible with older versions.
If you are upgrading from V1.01, V1.02 will not force a hard reset.
- Fixed a bug which was causing the MIDI Channel to be off by 1 after cycling the power.
- Fixed a problem which caused Pitch Shifter to be inaccurate when shifting down. Also,
improved the sound quality. Because of the above changes, some of the Pitch Shifter programs
changed slightly.
- Fixed problems with Compare Mode so it behaves consistently. Now it works as described in the
manual.
- Now entering/exiting Compare Mode doesn’t cause the audio to crackle.
- Improved MIDI Modulation for the LEZLIE>ROOM Configuration.
- Added support for the Cascade pixel on the new LCD glass.
- Added an LCD Test.
- In Test Mode, to continue after a Test fails you now press Output (before it was Input+Output).
V1.01, 12/14/94, Checksum $16B0
NOTE: If you are upgrading from V1.00, V1.01 will force a hard reset when you first install it. (i.e., your
User Programs will be re-initialized). A hard reset is necessary because some of the Configurations have
changed and are no longer compatible with older versions.
- The REVERSE REVERB Configuration has been renamed to NONLINEAR. It is the same as the old
Configuration except now it has a Dir (Reverb Direction) parameter which can be forward or reverse.
Also, the sound quality has been improved somewhat and the range for the Time parameter is longer. The
Time parameter is now in mSEC, rather than generic 0-99.
- Because of the above changes to the NONLINEAR Configuration, all of the reverse reverb Programs
have slightly changed. Also, Preset 28 "Shimmer" has been changed to "ReMiX".
- Now, if PChg (Util Mode) is set to "On" then incoming MIDI program changes select the Program from
the current bank. (Before they would select only User Programs.)
- MIDI Bank Select is now supported. Controller 00 Value 0 selects the Preset Bank; Controller 00 Value
1-127 selects the User Bank. Controller 32 is ignored.
- Tap tempo from footswitch is improved so it doesn’t bypass right away.
- Tap tempo from footswitch now changes the Configuration name to lowercase to indicate that the
Program has been edited.
- Tap tempo from audio thresholds changed to improve response.
- The MULTI TAP DELAY Configuration now has a MFdbk (Master Feedback) parameter. Mod#X is
routed to modulate it.
- Now the audio doesn’t crackle on program changes.
- Now if you bypass while Dry Defeat is enabled, the outputs are muted.
- Preset 00 "Bypass" now uses a STEREOPITCHSHFT configuration with levels at 0. The old program
didn’t work when Dry Defeat was enabled.
- Preset 08 "TapeEcho" changed the delay time to 400mS.
- Renamed User 109 from "90212Chr" to "90210Chr".
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
13
03/05/99
- Renamed User 106 from "Model147" to "Model122".
- Now to finish the Switch/Encoder Test you press Page+A (it used to be Input+Output).
V1.00, 11/19/94, Checksum $77C8
- First Production Release.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
14
03/05/99
11.00 MIDI Implementation
System Exclusive Format
Software Version 1.02
February 17, 1995
OVERVIEW
All MidiVerb 4 system exclusive messages have the following format:
$F0
$00 $00 $0E
$11
nn
cc
dd
:
:
$F7
System Exclusive status
Alesis manufacturer ID
MidiVerb 4 ID
Channel
Opcode
Data
:
:
End of Exclusive
THE CHANNEL BYTE
For messages originating from the MidiVerb 4 the system exclusive channel will always be the same as the
standard MIDI channel, and can be adjusted by the user via the global utility functions. If the user has
enabled Omni mode the MidiVerb 4 will respond to system exclusive messages on ANY channel and transmit
on channel 1, just as it does for ordinary channel messages (note, controller, program change, etc.) when
Omni mode is enabled.
If a transmitting device such as a computer does not know the MIDI channel of a MidiVerb 4 it can use
transmit the MIDI universal system exclusive inquiry message with the channel byte set to $7F (ALL CALL).
The MidiVerb 4 will respond with a universal system exclusive identity message with the channel byte set to
the current MIDI channel (0-15). This is the recommended technique for closed loop systems as it allows
software programs to confirm the MidiVerb 4’s software version and revision while it finds the channel.
THE OPCODE BYTE
Opcodes are divided into two categories: Requests and Dumps. The values for Request opcodes are closely
related to their corresponding Dump opcodes -- they are simply the Dump opcode with bit 6 set.
Only one of the Request opcodes has a data byte -- the Single Program request. The data byte specifies which
User Program (0-127) it is requesting.
Dump
Opcode
Request
Opcode
Function
Description
$00
$01
$02
$03
$04
$05
$40
$41
$42
$43
$44
None
System Info
Program Table
Edit Buffer
All User Programs
Single Program
Store Program
Dump Message Size
(in bytes)
22
264
50
5384
51
9
SYSTEM INFO DATA
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual
15
03/05/99
The System Info data is as follows:
Input Volume Stereo
Input Volume Ch 1
Input Volume Ch 2
Output Volume Stereo
Output Volume Ch 1
Output Volume Ch 2
Mod X
Mod X Amplitude High Nibble
Mod X Amplitude Low Nibble
Mod Y
Mod Y Amplitude High Nibble
Mod Y Amplitude Low Nibble
Footswitch Mode
System Status Byte
0-100
0-100
0-100
0-100
0-100
0-100
see Modulator Definitions
see Modulator Amplitude
:
see Modulator Definitions
see Modulator Amplitude
:
see Footswitch Modes
see System Status Byte
Modulator Definitions
0
1
2
3
4
:
123
Pitch Bend
Aftertouch
Note Number
Velocity
Controller 0
:
Controller 119
Modulator Amplitude
The modulation amplitude is nibblized with the high nibble being sent first. The value is in offset
binary, so the values 0 to 98 represent amplitudes -99 to -1, the value 99 represents amplitude 00, and the
values 100 to 198 represent amplitudes 1 to 99.
Footswitch Modes
0
1
2
Advance
Bypass
Controller
System Status Byte
Bit 0
Bit 1
Bit 2
Bit 3
Bit 4
Bit 5
Bit 6
Bit 7
Thru (0 = Off, 1 = On)
Omni
Bypassed
Cascade
Comparing
DON’T ALTER
Edited
0
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual
16
03/05/99
PROGRAM TABLE DATA
The Program Change Table data consists of 256 transmitted bytes. This results in 128 actual bytes, since the
data is nibblized and transmitted as follows:
0000dddd
0000dddd
first byte contains high nibble (bits 4-7)
second byte contains low nibble (bits 0-3)
Values 0-127 correspond to Preset Programs 00-127; values 128-255 correspond to User Programs 00-127.
EDIT BUFFER DATA
The Edit Buffer data consists of one Program Data Block, defined below.
Program Data Block
Reserved
Configuration
8-Byte Name
16 Parameters
Always zero
0-31
nibblized so transmit as 32 bytes
ALL USER PROGRAMS DATA
The All User Programs data consists of 128 Program Data Blocks, defined above.
SINGLE PROGRAM DATA
The Single Program data is defined as follows:
Program number
0-127 (selects User 00-127)
Program Data Block
STORE PROGRAM DATA
This message has no corresponding request and contains a single byte of data. It instructs the MidiVerb 4 to
store the current contents of the Edit Buffer into a specified User memory location. The data byte contains
the User Program number 0-127.
NOTES
When you send MIDI Sysex "All" from the MidiVerb 4’s Util Mode this sends four messages total: System
Info, Program Table, Edit Buffer, and All User Programs.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual
17
03/05/99
12.00 Service Parts List
Group
Partno
ASY
ASY
ASY
ASY
CAB
CAB
CAB
CAB
CAB
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
DIO
DIO
HDR
HDR
HDW
HDW
HDW
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
JAC
JAC
JAC
LED
LED
LED
LIT
LIT
LIT
ME
ME
MIS
MIS
MIS
MIS
MTL
MTL
MTL
MTL
MTL
M4
9-79-0100
9-96-1246
9-79-0112
4-18-1003
4-18-1675
4-19-1403
4-19-1417
4-19-1418
1-08-0101
1-08-0228
1-08-0474
1-09-0221
2-01-4003
2-02-5231
4-14-0012
4-14-0116
5-00-0020
5-00-0016
5-02-6320
2-31-0060
2-27-0032
2-11-7805
2-13-7812
2-13-7912
2-24-0138
4-02-0001
4-00-0001
4-16-0002
3-02-0012
3-02-0010
3-02-0016
7-51-1031
7-51-1137
7-52-0004
7-05-0003
7-01-0009
9-00-1011
9-13-1010
9-23-1014
9-23-1017
9-03-1060
9-03-1105
9-03-1138
9-03-1165
9-58-1007
Description
PROCESSOR MIDIVERB 4
ASSY PCB MAIN M4
ASIC POT 4 CHANNEL DIGITAL M4 (TESTED)
ASSY PCB PANEL FRONT M4
CABLE DIL 12-PIN 90MM .1 CTR M-F M4
CABLE DIL 16-PIN 210MM .1 CTR M-F M4
CABLE 3-LEAD 20MM STRIPPED & TINNED
CABLE 2-PIN SIL 12.2MM
CABLE 2-PIN SIL 35MM
CAP 10 MF ELEC 16V
CAP 2200 MF ELEC 16V
CAP 47 MF ELEC 16V
CAP 220 MF ELEC 25V
DIODE POWER 1N4003
DIODE ZENER 1N5231B
HEADER 12-PIN DIL XR
HEADER 16-PIN DIL 0.1 SHROUDED
SCREW M-3 x 7mm PHIL SLOT
SCREW 6-32 x 1/4 PP ZNC
NUT KEP 6-32
IC SOFTWARE (VER 1.03) EPROM M4
ASIC POT 4 CHANNEL DIGITAL M4
REG 7805 +5V TO220 NATIONA
REG 78L12 +12V TO92 NATION
REG 79L12 -12V TO92 NATION
IC 6N138 OPTO ISO HEWLETT
JACK 1/4 MONO CLIFF
JACK 5-PIN DIN (MIDI)
JACK 3.5MM BARREL (P3)
LED GRN T1 HP HLMP1540
LED HIGH INTENSITY (GL3UR8)
LED BACKLIGHT (GRN) Q2
MANUAL REFERENCE M4
CHART USER PROGRAM M4
CHART PROGRAM M4
BATTERY 3V LITHIUM PANASONIC
CRYSTAL 12 MHz
ENCODER DATA (ALPS EC11B 15mm w/o SWITCH)
STRIP PE 300MM LG. M4
STRIP FOAM (F/P) 7 x 185mm
STRIP FOAM (SIDE) 7x95mm D4
CASE TOP 150MM D4
CASE BOTTOM M4
PANEL FRONT M4
CLIP STRIP RETAINER
PANEL SIDE/RACK EAR 150mm
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual
QNTY
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
11
1
4
4
5
1
1
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5
2
1
5
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
4
4
1
1
1
4
2
PCB
MAIN
FP
F/P
18
Ref.Designator
Comment
U6
PCB ASSY
ENCODER CABLE
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
F/P
F/P
C1-4, 6-7, 10, 14, 15, 17, 20
C5
C8, 9, 13, 16
C11, 12, 18, 19
D2-6
D1
J1
J2
MAIN
HOLDS REGULATOR 7805 TO PCB
HOLDS REGULATOR 7805 TO PCB
U2
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
F/P
F/P
F/P
U3
U4
U5
U1
J1-4, 7
J5, J6
J8
D1-5
D6
D20-25
MAIN
MAIN
FP
BAT1
Z1
U8
03/05/99
Service Parts List (continued)
MTL
PLS
PLS
PLS
PLS
PLS
PLS
PLS
RES
SMC
SMC
SMC
SMC
SMC
SMC
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMM
SMM
SMM
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SMR
SWT
TRN
9-03-1036
9-15-0087
9-15-0089
9-15-0091
9-15-1078
9-15-1117
9-23-1055
9-15-0088
0-00-0302
1-50-0220
1-50-0270
1-50-1500
1-51-0104
1-51-0105
1-51-0104
2-27-0031
2-67-5168
2-67-6228
2-70-8032
2-75-4319
2-75-7360
2-64-7400
2-71-0084
2-64-0138
2-50-4148
2-51-4401
2-50-4148
0-10-0047
0-10-0100
0-10-0102
0-10-0103
0-10-0105
0-10-0151
0-10-0152
0-10-0202
0-10-0203
0-10-0221
0-10-0240
0-10-0471
0-10-0512
0-11-0153
0-10-0221
0-10-0622
0-10-0682
0-10-0903
6-02-0002
2-03-4401
LUG SOLDER PCB MNT
KNOB DATA M4
BEZEL FRONT PANEL B M4
BEZEL DISPLAY M4
BUTTON POWER Q2/S4/M4
EXTENDER SWITCH Q2
KEYPAD RUBBER M4
BEZEL FRONT PANEL A M4
RES 3K OHM 1/8W 5%
CAP 22 PF NPO 1206
CAP 27 PF NPO 1206
CAP 150 PF NPO 1206
CAP 0.1 MF X7R 1206
CAP 0.01 MF X7R 1206
CAP 0.1 MF X7R 1206
ASIC DIG FX M4
IC 8K x 8 SRAM (LH5168N-10L)
IC HM628128LFP-10 SRAM SMD
IC 80C31 PQFP SMD
IC AK4318A DUAL 18-BIT DAC
IC SAA7360 ADC PQFP-44 SMD
IC 74HC00 QUAD 2-IN POS-NAND GATE
IC TL084 QUAD OPAMP SMD
IC 74HC138 DEMUX/DEC SMD
DIODE SIGNAL 1N4148 SMD
TRANS 2N4401 NPN SMD
DIODE SIGNAL 1N4148 SMD
RES 4.7 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 10 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 1K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 10K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 1M OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 150 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 1.5K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 2K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 20K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 220 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 24 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 470 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 5.1K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 15K OHM 1/8W 1% 1206
RES 220 OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 6.2K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 6.8K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
RES 91K OHM 1/8W 5% 1206
SWITCH DPDT
TRANS 2N4401 NPN
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
4
24
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
5
3
12
2
3
11
12
5
4
1
5
8
6
1
7
2
1
1
1
4
1
1
2
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
FP
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
FP
MAIN
MAIN
FP
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
FP
FP
FP
FP
MAIN
MAIN
19
C22, 23
C40, 41
C30, 31, 37, 39
C21, 25, 27-29, 32-36, 38, 42-45, 46-54
C24, 26
C1
U9
U10
U11
U14
U12
U13
U15
U7-8
U3
D7-D11
Q1-3
D9-19, 26
R56, R60
R34, 35, 52
R3, 4, 8, 13, 14, 20, 22, 24, 25, 33, 36
R21, 29, 37-40, 45-47, 49, 63, 64
R9, 12, 27, 61, 62
R42, 43, 50, 51
R2
R5-7, 10, 11
R1, 31, 32, 41, 44, 66-68
R15-19, 23
R65
R28, 53-55, 57-59
R26, 30
R48
R7
R5
R1-4
R6
SW1
Q4, Q5
03/05/99
13.00 Service Manual History
6/13/95
V1.00
1st Release.
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual
20
INDEX
+
C41, 2
LCDEN, 4
+12V, 1
C42, 2
LEDs, 7
+5V, 1, 3, 8, 18
C43, 2
Lithium, 1, 18
-
C44, 2
LRCLK, 4
-12V, 1
C45, 2
LSADDR0-7, 3, 4
1
C47, 2
M
12MHz, 2, 4
C48, 2
M12CLK, 4
2
C5, 1
M3CLK, 4
C50, 2
MICROAD0-7, 3, 4
C8, 2
MICROAD12, 15, 3
C9, 2
MICROALE, 3, 4
D
microprocessor, 1, 3, 4
D to A, 2
MICRORD, 3
D10, 2
MICROWR, 3
D11, 2, 19
MIDI, 3, 7, 8, 13, 15, 17, 18
D2, 1, 8, 18
MIDI I/O, 3, 7
D3, 1
MIDI TEST, 7
D4, 1, 18
MidiVerb IV, ii, 1
D5, 1
O
D6, 1, 18
output filter, 2
D8, 1
over sampling, 2
DAC, 2, 4, 8, 19
P
DACDATA, 4
Philips 7360, 2
data buss, 3
power supply, iv, 1, 7, 8
DATA KNOB, 7
preset data, 3
DataDisk, 7
PUPIN, 3
digital supply, 2
PUPOUT, 3
digital to analog, 2
R
2N4401, 3
3
3.072MHz, 2
7
7805, 1, 18
7812, 1, 18
7912, 1, 18
8
8031, 3, 5, 8, 21
80C31, 3
A
A to D, 2
adapter, 1
ADC, 1, 8, 19
AKM 4318, 2
algorithm, 3
Analog power, 2
anti aliasing, 2
ASIC, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 18, 19
B
backup, 1
DigPot, 3, 8
R.F., 1
DigPots, 1, 2, 7
R12, 1
DSPSRAMOE, 4
R15, 2, 19
bypass filters, 2
E
R19, 2
C
encoder, 5, 7, 14, 18, 22
R20, 1
EPROM, 3, 7
R21, 1, 19
F
R26, 1, 19
FROMADC, 2, 4
R27, 1
front panel, 3, 5, 7, 8, 19
R34, 2
I
R35, 2
I/O ports, 3
R37, 2
internal DAC reference, 2
R38, 2
internal voltage reference, 2
R42, 2, 19
J
R43, 2
J1, 2, 18
R47, 2
J2, 2, 18
R48, 2
J3, 1
R49, 2
J4, 1
R5, 3, 19
C32, 1
K
R51, 2
C35, 1, 2
keypad decoding, 3
R52, 2
C4, 1
L
R56, 2
C40, 2
LCD, 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 13
battery, iii, 1, 18
bypass, 1, 2, 8, 13, 16
C1, 2, 18, 19
C11, 1
C12, 1
C13, 2
C14, 2
C16, 1, 2
C18, 1
C19, 1
C2, 1
C20, 1
C24, 2, 19
C26, 2
C3, 2
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
R60, 2, 19
21
03/05/99
R8, 3
SRAMWR, 4
U7B, 2
RAM TEST, 7
standby current, 1
U7C, 2
raw +5V, 1
stereo output, 2
U7D, 2
raw supply, 3
SWITCHES/ENCODER, 7
U8A, 1
Read Serial Data, 3
T
U8B, 1
reset, 1, 3, 7, 13
Transmit Serial Data, 3
U8C, 1
ROM-CHECKSUM, 7
TXD, 3
U8D, 1
RXD, 3
U
U9, 2, 3, 19
S
U10, 3, 19
V
S1, 1
U12, 2, 19
voltage doubler, 1
sample and hold, 2
U14, 3, 19
X
Sigma-Delta, 2
U2, 3, 18
XTALIN, 4
SRAM, 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 19
U6A, 1
XTALOUT, 4
SRAMA0-16, 4
U6B, 1
SRAMCE, 3
U7A, 2
SRAMD0-7, 4
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
22
03/05/99
NOTES
Alesis MidiVerb IV Service Manual‘
23
03/05/99