Uniden APCO 25 Specifications

BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page i
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page ii
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page iii
Contents
Introduction ...........................................................................................1
Front View ............................................................................................2
Icon Display ..........................................................................................3
BC250D SHORTCUTS.........................................................................4
Important Notice ...................................................................................6
Terminology ..........................................................................................7
What is Scanning?............................................................................7
What is Searching?...........................................................................7
What is Trunk Tracking?...................................................................7
What is APCO Project 25 Digital Communications? ........................8
Feature Highlights ................................................................................9
Where to Obtain More Information .....................................................11
Information on the Internet .............................................................11
Included with Your Scanner Package ................................................12
Setup ..................................................................................................13
Installing the Battery Pack ..............................................................13
Charging the Battery Pack..............................................................13
Low Battery Indicator ......................................................................13
Flexible Antenna .............................................................................14
Beltclip ............................................................................................14
Listening Safely ..............................................................................14
Connecting the REMOTE Cable.....................................................14
Basic Operation ..................................................................................15
Turn the Scanner On ......................................................................15
Setting the Squelch ........................................................................15
Understanding the Menu System ...................................................16
Menu Description and Numeric Keypad Equivalents .....................17
Programming ......................................................................................26
Storing Frequencies into Channels in Menu Mode ........................26
Deleting a Stored Frequency..........................................................27
Editing a Stored Frequency ............................................................27
Duplicate Frequency Alert ..............................................................27
Transfer Frequencies......................................................................28
Storing Text Tags ...........................................................................28
Beep Alert .......................................................................................29
Programming Tips ..........................................................................29
Scanning.............................................................................................31
Storing Frequencies During Scanning............................................31
RF Attenuation Feature ..................................................................32
Setting the Delay Mode for Frequency...........................................32
Channel Lockout.............................................................................33
Restoring a Locked-out Channel ....................................................34
Restoring All Locked-out Channels ................................................34
Priority Scan ...................................................................................34
Changing the Priority Channel........................................................35
Prioroty Channel Plus Scan............................................................35
Searching............................................................................................36
Setting a Search Range .................................................................36
Starting Chain Search.....................................................................37
Search Hold Feature.......................................................................37
Data Skip ........................................................................................37
Frequency Skip...............................................................................38
Storing Search Frequencies ...........................................................38
Auto Storing ....................................................................................39
Squelch (SQ) Mode ........................................................................40
Additional Menu Options for Searching .........................................42
Service Search ...................................................................................43
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page iv
Service Search Skip .......................................................................44
NWR-SAME Alert ...........................................................................44
Testing the Alert Siren ....................................................................45
Programming FIPS Code................................................................45
Digital and Trunked Systems .............................................................47
Programming and Receiving Digital and Trunked Systems...............49
STEP1: Selecting or Changing Trunking System Type..................49
STEP2: Programming Trunking Frequencies.................................50
STEP3: Programming ID Scan List Manually.................................51
Scan Lists .......................................................................................51
Setting the Squelch ........................................................................54
Receiving Trunked Systems ...........................................................54
ID Scan Mode .................................................................................55
ID Scan Hold Feature .....................................................................56
Trunked Search ..............................................................................56
ID Monitor Mode .............................................................................56
ID Search Hold and Direct Entry ID Hold Mode .............................57
ID Lockout.......................................................................................57
Review ID Lockout..........................................................................58
Restoring Locked-out IDs ...............................................................58
Setting the Delay Mode for Trunking Mode....................................59
Setting Priority in Trunking Mode ...................................................60
Programming Scan Lists During Search ........................................60
Deleting a Stored ID .......................................................................60
Moving between Scan List Memories.............................................61
I-Call (Motorola/EDACS).................................................................61
Multi-Track ......................................................................................62
EDACS Reception ..............................................................................64
EDACS Tracking.............................................................................64
Programming EDACS System Frequencies...................................64
An EDACS Trunked system ...........................................................65
Special EDACS Features ...............................................................66
EDACS SCAT.................................................................................67
LTR Reception....................................................................................68
LTR Tracking ..................................................................................68
Motorola Reception ............................................................................69
Motorola Tracking ...........................................................................69
Fleet Map Programming .................................................................70
Selecting Preset Fleet Map ............................................................70
Programming a Fleet Map ..............................................................71
Programming a Hybrid System.......................................................71
Setting the Base, Spacing Frequencies and Offset Channel for
Motorola VHF/UHF Trunked Systems ...............................................72
Toggling the Status Bit ...................................................................73
Control Channel Only Mode ...........................................................73
Disconnect Tone Detect Option (End Code) ..................................75
APCO Project 25 Reception...............................................................76
Installing the APCO P-25 Card.......................................................76
Precautions for Iistalling the BCi25D Card .....................................77
Turning ON/OFF the APCO P-25 Card ..........................................77
APCO P-25 Sound Quality Fine Tuning .........................................78
Remote Interface ................................................................................80
PC Control Mode ............................................................................80
Clone Mode ....................................................................................81
Additional Features.............................................................................84
Care and Maintenance .......................................................................87
Troubleshooting ..................................................................................88
Specifications......................................................................................90
Glossary of Terms ..............................................................................91
Appendix.............................................................................................95
One Year Limited Warranty..............................................................105
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 1
Introduction
The BC250D is a state-of-the-art Digital Capable radio with
TrunkTracker III and automatic scanning capabilities. It can
store frequencies such as police, fire/emergency, marine,
railroad, air, amateur, and other communications into 10
banks of 100 channels for a total of 1000 channels.
With the optional BCi25D, APCO-P25 Digital Card installed
you can monitor Public Safety Organizations who currently
use Conventional, Trunked at 3600 and Mixed Mode APCO
25 systems.
Use your new scanner to monitor:
• Police and Fire Departments (including rescue and
paramedics)
Trunked for:
Motorola
Type I
Type II
Type I,II (Hybrid)
EDACS
Wide band
Narrow band
Scat
LTR
Digital Communication for APCO Project 25
Conventional
Trunked at 3600
Mixed Mode at 3600
• NOAA Weather Broadcasts
• Business/Industrial Radio
• Utilities
• Marine and Amateur (ham radio) Bands
• Air Band
• And much more...
The chart below identifies the scanner band numbers, the
frequency range, the modulation mode and the default step
size settings.
Band
No.
1
Frequency Range
(MHz)
25.0000 - 26.9600
Mode Step Band
Frequency Range
(kHz) No.
(MHz)
AM
5 15 162.0000 - 173.9875
2
26.9650 - 27.4050
AM
5
16
174.0000 - 215.9500
3
27.4100 - 27.9950
AM
5
17
216.0000 - 224.9950
FM
5
4
28.0000 - 29.6900
FM
10
18
225.0000 - 399.9500
AM
50
5
29.7000 - 49.9900
FM
10
19
400.0000 - 405.9875
NFM 12.5
6
50.0000 - 53.9900
FM
10
20
406.0000 - 419.9875
NFM 12.5
7
54.0000 - 71.9500
WFM 50
21
420.0000 - 449.9875
NFM 12.5
8
72.0000 - 75.9950
5
22
450.0000 - 469.9875
NFM 12.5
9
76.0000 - 87.9500
WFM 50
23
470.0000 - 512.0000
NFM 12.5
10
88.0000 - 107.9000
WFM 100 24
806.0000 - 823.9875
NFM 12.5
11
108.0000 - 136.9750
AM
25
25
849.0125 - 868.9875
NFM 12.5
12
137.0000 - 143.9950
FM
5
26
894.0125 - 956.0000
NFM 12.5
13
144.0000 - 147.9950
FM
5
27 1240.0000 - 1300.0000 NFM 12.5
14
148.0000 - 161.9950
FM
5
FM
1
Mode Step
(kHz)
FM 12.5
WFM 50
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 2
Front View
11
12
1
13
2
14
3
4
5
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
6
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
7
8
9
10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
22
23
Antenna Connector
Speaker
Display
DC Power Jack
Hold/Manual/Channel/Frequency Key (HOLD/MAN)
Scan Key (SCAN)
Menu/Back Key (MENU/BACK)
Lockout Key (L/O)
Light/Keypad Lock Key (
/
)
Decimal/Reverse Key ( . )
Earphone Jack
Volume/ON/OFF Control
Squelch Control
Remote Jack
VFO Control
Resume Key ( RSM )
Service Key (SERVICE)
Search Key (SEARCH)
Numeric Keypad
Trunk Key (TRUNK)
Priority Key (PRI)
Transfer/Mute Key (TRNSFR/MUTE)
Enter/Select Key (E)
2
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 3
Icon Display
ICON
P
L
/O
DESCRIPTION
Priority Channel Indicator
Lock Out Mode Indicator
Scan/Search Direction Indicator
SRCH
Chain Search Mode Indicator
SRVC
Service Search Mode Indicator
SCAN
Scan Mode Indicator
ID SCAN
ID SEARCH
C
M
L
E
P25
AM,FM
WFM,NFM
ID Scan Mode Indicator
ID Search Mode Indicator
Channel Type
Conventional Type
Trunk Type
Morola Tracking Type
LTR Tracking Type
EDACS Tracking Type
Digital Communications
P25: APCO Project 25
Receiving Mode Indicators
Signal Meter
Battery Indicator
Uniden® and Bearcat® are registered trademarks of Uniden
America Corporation.
TrunkTracker is a proprietary trademark of Uniden America
Corporation.
3
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 4
BC250D SHORTCUTS
MENU/
BACK
3
2
1
MENU/
BACK
MENU/
BACK
3
1
1
MENU/
BACK
1
3
3
2
3
1
1
3
9
1
2
the neat entry Programming.
MENU/
BACK
3
4
1
MENU/
BACK
Rotate the VFO control to enter the text
and using RSM or HOLD/MAN to move
the cursor. After the text is entered,
press E
(for example; replace the frequency
on channel 5 to 155.000)
SCAN
HOLD/
MAN
5
1
5
5
To receive an alert for activity on
specific IDs while trunk tracking,
turn on the "Beep Alert" for that
ID.
HOLD/
MAN
.
E
To receive an alert for activity on
a specific channel, turn on the
"Beep Alert" for that channel.
MENU/
BACK
E
2
1
4
1
MENU/
BACK
2
2
E
3
select
ID MEMORY
E
3
1
This shortcut card is designed to assist you in
getting through the menu screens using the direct
entry mode for commonly used features. Please
read the manual thoroughly before using this card.
Be sure to back out of the menu screen after each
shortcut by repeatedly pressing MENU/BACK or by
pressing SCAN or SEARCH Keys.
4
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 5
BC250D SHORTCUTS
To set up a system for trunk tracking,
select a bank, then enter the trunk type.
MENU/
BACK
6
1
CHAIN
SERCH
E
1
select
bank
SEARCH
MENU/
BACK
2
2
E
1
1
Then enter the trunk type you want to
track. Press
E .
MENU/
BACK
E
1
CHAIN
SERCH
2
select
range
To change the alpha tag on the specific
search range of frequencies that you set,
do the following:
E
1
To begin searching between the Range
press SEARCH .
2
1
E
5
1
1
2
select
range
E
4
E
Rotate the VFO control to enter the tag and
use RSM or HOLD/MAN to move the
cursor forward or back and then press
.
E
E
MENU/
BACK
CHAIN
SERCH
MENU/
BACK
MENU/
BACK
2
1
E
1
E
Rotate the VFO control to enter the tag and
use RSM or HOLD/MAN to move the cursor
and then press
E .
To silence the scanner's audio output,
set the scanner to "Mute On".
To program and control your scanner
remotely from a PC using Uniden's
E-Scanner software, do the following:
Press and hold MUTE .
Press
MENU/
BACK
3
5
select
speed
If you need any assistance with this product, please call our
Customer Service Hotline at 1-800-297-1023. A Uniden
representative will be happy to help you with any matters
regarding the operation of this unit, available accessories, or
any other related matters.
Hours: M-F 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Central time.
Also please check out our website at scanner.uniden.com
5
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 6
Important Notice
• This scanning radio has been manufactured so that it will
not tune radio frequencies assigned by the FCC for cellular
telephone usage. The Electronic Communications Privacy
Act of 1986, as amended, makes it a federal crime to
intentionally intercept cellular or cordless telephone
transmissions or to market this radio when altered to
receive them.
• The installation, possession, or use of this scanning radio in
a motor vehicle may be prohibited, regulated, or require a
permit in certain states, cities, and/or local jurisdictions.
Your local law enforcement officials should be able to
provide you with information regarding the laws in your
community.
• Changes or modifications to this product are strictly
prohibited, or operation of this product in any way other
than as detailed by this Owner's manual. Could void your
authority to operate this product.
• The screen displays used in this manual are
representations of what might appear when you use your
scanner.
6
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 7
Terminology
What is Scanning?
Unlike standard AM or FM radio stations, most two-way
communications do not transmit continuously. The BC250D
scans the Frequencies you have programmed into the
Scanner’s channels until it finds an active frequency.
Scanning stops on an active frequency and remains on that
channel as long as the transmission continues. When the
transmission ends, the scanning cycle resumes until another
transmission is received.
What is Searching?
The BC250D can search each of its 27 bands to find active
frequencies. This is different from scanning because you are
searching for frequencies that have not been programmed
into your Scanner’s channels. The scanner automatically
chooses between two speeds while searching. Turbo Search,
can search the VHF FM bands at up to 300 steps per second.
What is Trunk Tracking?
Conventional scanning is a simple concept. You enter a radio
frequency in your scanner’s memory which is used by
someone you want to monitor. For example, the police in your
area may broadcast on 460.500 MHz, the fire department on
154.445 MHz, the highway department on 37.900 MHz, etc.
So when your scanner stops on a frequency, you usually
know who it is, and more importantly, you can stop on a
channel and listen to an entire conversation. This type of
scanning is easy and fun.
As the demand for public communications has increased,
many public radio users don't have enough frequencies to
meet their needs, and this has created a serious problem.
Trunking radio systems solve this problem.
In a trunked radio system, which contains up to 28 different
frequencies, radio users are divided into groups, often called
talkgroups, and these talkgroups are assigned specific IDs.
When someone in a talkgroup uses their radio, a brief burst
of data is broadcasted before each transmission. The trunking
system computer uses this data to temporarily assign each
radio in a talkgroup to an available frequency. If the group
using a frequency stops broadcasting or pauses between
replies for a few seconds, they are removed from the
7
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 8
frequency so another talkgroup can use it.
Sharing of the available public service frequencies,
or trunking, allows cities, counties, or other agencies
to accommodate hundreds of users with relatively few
frequencies. Following a conversation on a trunked system
using a scanner is difficult, if not impossible. Because when
there's a short break during the conversation you're
monitoring, it’s possible that the talkgroup will be assigned
to a completely different frequency in the trunked system.
This type of scanning is difficult and frustrating.
TrunkTracker III changes this! Not only does your new
BC250D scan channels like a conventional scanner, it actually
follows the users of a trunked radio system. Once you know
a talkgroups ID, you won’t miss any of the action.
If you're a new scanner enthusiast, you may want to read the
first part of this manual and use your scanner in conventional
mode before you begin trunk tracking. Understanding
scanning fundamentals and its terminology will make trunk
tracking much easier. A glossary of other commonly used
terms is provided in the back. (Refer to the "Glossary of
Terms" section.) But if you're already an experienced scanner
operator, you may want to skip to Programming and
Receiving Digital and Trunked Systems on page 49.
What is APCO Project 25 Digital
Communications?
APCO Project 25 is a modulation process where voice
communications are converted into digital communications.
This conversion is similar to the technology used with digital
mobile phones. There are several types of project 25 systems
available!
- Conventional – one frequency with digital voice.
- Trunked with analog control channel and digital voice –
control channel operates at 3600 baud.
- Mixed Mode – trunked system with an analog control
channel alternating/mixing analog and digital voice
communications.
- Trunked with digital control channel and digital voice.
Control channel operates at 9600 baud. (This type of APCO
P-25 System is not supported with this radio.)
8
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 9
Feature Highlights
• Trunk Tracking – Follow VHF High Band UHF
800/900MHz trunked public safety and public service
systems just as if conventional two-way communications
were used.
• Digital Capable – With the APCO 25 Digital card (BCi25D)
installed, you can monitor supported project 25 systems.
• Multi-Track – Track more than one trunking system
at a time. Scan conventional and trunked systems at the
same time.
• 1000 Channels – Program one frequency into each
channel. You must have at least one channel programmed
to use the Scan mode.
• 27 Bands – Includes 27 bands, with aircraft and 800 MHz.
• 10 Banks – 10 banks with 100 channels each are useful for
storing similar frequencies to maintain faster scanning
cycles or for storing all the frequencies of a trunked system.
• 25 MHz-1300 MHz – Indicates the range of frequencies that
can be searched within the bands of your scanner.
Note: The frequency coverage is not continuous and
excludes the cellular band, 512-806MHz.
• 10 Priority Channels – You can assign one priority
channel in each bank. Assigning a priority channel allows
you to keep track of activity on your most important
channel(s) while monitoring other channels for
transmissions. You can also assign Trunking priority
Talkgroups.
• Priority Plus Scan – Allows you to scan only priority
channels.
• Preprogrammed Service Search – Allows you to toggle
through preprogrammed public safety, news media, TV
broadcast audio, Ham, CB, FRS, special low power,
railroad, aircraft, marine, racing, and weather frequencies.
• Unique Data Skip – Allows your scanner to skip unwanted
data transmissions and reduces birdies.
• Memory Backup – If power is disconnected, the
frequencies programmed in your scanner are retained
in memory.
• Direct Channel Access – Go directly to any channel
without entering the Menu mode.
• Attenuator – Reduces the signal strength on a per
frequency basis.
9
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 10
• PC Programmable – Allows you to easily program all
frequencies and Trunking Talk Groups into your BC250D
through Uniden’s E-Scanner software running on your PC.
– For more information on E-Scanner Programming
software visit our website at scanner.uniden.com.
• Turbo Search – Increases the search speed to 300 steps
per second. This applies only to transmission bands with
5 kHz steps.
• Text Tags – You can customize your scanner by storing
text tags (up to 16 characters).
• Auto Store – The scanner automatically stores found active
frequencies into an assigned bank.
• CTCSS/DCS – The scanner can receive and search for
subaudible tones.
• NWR-SAME Alert – The scanner is compatible with
warning siren and message transmissions.
• FIPS Code – Six digit FIPS Code (emergency and
geographic area code) programmable.
• LCD Back-Light – LCD illuminates when you press the
Light/Lock (
) key. You can select the lighting length
of time in the Menu mode.
• Battery Save – In Scan Hold mode and no transmission,
your scanner automatically reduces its power requirements
to extend the battery life.
10
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 11
Where to Obtain More
Information
Before using your scanner, you must program frequencies
into available channels. The Betty Bearcat Frequency Guide
lists typical frequencies used around the U.S.A. and Canada
that you may program into your new scanner.
To obtain frequency information for your area, contact one of
the following:
• Bearcat Frequency Hotline
(937) 299-0414 (Hours are from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Eastern Time Monday through Friday.)
• Bearcat Radio Club
(800) 423-1331 (Hours are from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Eastern Time Monday through Friday.)
• Scanner Master
(800) 722-6701 (Hours are from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Eastern Time Monday through Friday.)
To obtain another copy of the frequency guide, contact one
of the following:
• Uniden Parts Department
(800) 554-3988 (Hours are from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Central Time Monday through Friday.)
• Local Dealer
Information on the Internet
If you have access to the internet, you may want to visit one
of the following websites for additional information:
scanner.uniden.com
www.bearcat1.com
11
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 12
Included with Your
Scanner Package
If any of these items are missing or damaged, immediately
contact your place of purchase or Uniden Customer Service
at: (800) 297-1023, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Central Time,
Monday through Friday.
• BC250D Hand held Scanner
• AC Adapter/Charger (AD-600U)
• Ni-MH Battery (BP-250)
• Rubber Antenna
• Remote Cable
• Beltclip
• Operating Guide
• E-Scanner Programming Software CD-ROM
• Trunk Tracker Frequency Guide
• Other Printed Material
12
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 13
Setup
Installing the Battery Pack
1. Open the cover.
2. Connect the battery pack connector
observing the correct polarity.
3. Replace the cover and press down
until it clicks into place.
Charging the Battery Pack
Use the AC Adapter/Charger
to power the BC250D from an
AC outlet.
CH/
FRQ
RSM
HOLD/
MAN
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
You can use your scanner
while the battery charges.
To fully charge the battery,
leave the AC Adapter/Charger Use only the supplied AC Adapter
connected for 14 — 16 hours.
TRUNK
MENU/BACK
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
MUTE
Note: Disconnect the AC Adapter/Charger from the unit when
charging is complete.
Low Battery Indicator
When the battery pack is low and needs to be charged,
appears on the display. You will also hear a beep every 15
seconds as an audible alert.
13
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 14
Flexible Antenna
Attach the flexible antenna to the
antenna connector.
Beltclip
The beltclip is designed to fit snugly on
the back of the scanner.
Line up the four arms on the beltclip with
the four tabs on the scanner and slide the
beltclip into place, as shown on the right.
Listening Safely
To protect your hearing, follow these guidelines when you use
an earphone or headphones.
• Do not use the earphone to listen to the WX alert siren
test. The volume is not adjustable and damage to your
hearing could occur.
• Do not listen at extremely high volume levels. Extended
high volume listening can lead to permanent hearing loss.
• Set the VOLUME to the lowest setting before you begin
listening. After you begin listening, adjust the VOLUME to a
comfortable level.
• Once you set the VOLUME, do not increase it. Over time,
your ears adapt to the volume level, so a volume level that
does not cause discomfort might still damage your hearing.
Connecting the REMOTE Cable
You can transfer the programmed channels, talk group ID’s,
etc. to and from another BC250D or BC785D scanner using a
remote cable. See "Clone Mode" on page 81. You can also
upload or download the programmed data to or from a PC
using Uniden’s E-Scanner software. See "PC Control mode"
on page 80.
14
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 15
Basic Operation
Turn the Scanner On
Turn the VOLUME control clockwise out of the detent
position. The scanner automatically starts scanning.
Since there are no frequencies programmed in your scanner
initially, you may not receive any signals. Once you set the
squelch and program some frequencies, you will begin
hearing conversations regularly.
Note: If you turn the scanner on when the optional APCO
card is not installed, APCO P25 CARD NOT
INSTALLED appears on the display. To delete the
message, select 2:DISABLE in the Menu mode
(see page 77).
Setting the Squelch
To set the squelch, you must be in the hold mode, and you
should not be receiving a signal on your scanner.
1. Press HOLD/MAN until
you do not hear a signal.
STRONG SIGNALS
2. Make sure that the
VOLUME is set to a
comfortable listening level.
MEDIUM SIGNALS
WEAK SIGNALS
NOISE
3. Think of the Squelch
Control as a gate.
Turn the SQUELCH
control fully counterclockwise. This raises the
"Squelch Gate" so high
that only very strong
signals can get through.
STRONG SIGNALS
MEDIUM SIGNALS
WEAK SIGNALS
NOISE
4. Turn SQUELCH clockwise
until you hear a hiss. This
lowers the "Squelch Gate"
so that everything gets
through – noise, weak
signals, medium signals
and strong signals.
STRONG SIGNALS
MEDIUM SIGNALS
5. Turn SQUELCH back
counter-clockwise just until
the hiss stops. Now the
"Squelch Gate" allows
only clear signals through.
15
WEAK SIGNALS
NOISE
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 16
Next you must program some frequencies (page 26). It is
recommended that you read the next part "Understanding the
Menu System" because it will assist you in accessing and
understanding many of the features. Later in a section called
"Additional Features", you will find explanations on how to
disable the keypad acknowledgement tones, mute the audio,
change the appearance of the display and other general
features.
Understanding the Menu System
It is very important for you to understand the Menu screen.
To navigate through the Menu screen is really quite simple.
Many of the features of this scanner, can only be accessed by
the Menu screens. There are several ways to get through the
screens. First of all, press MENU/BACK to get started.
Anytime you want to exit this mode or simply quit from where
you are, repeatedly press MENU/BACK until the scanner
returns to the original state or you can press SCAN or
SEARCH to exit directly out of Menu mode. Anytime you are
in the Menu mode, the audio will be muted.
To assist you in understanding the Menu screen, flow charts
are provided towards the back of the manual so you can
follow along. Two things to remember are rotate the VFO
through the menu and press E to execute the command.
For simplicity, we have chosen to rotate the VFO control up or
down in order to scroll through the menu and the E key for
entering or executing a command. Once you have pressed
the E key and executed the final choice (for instance, ON or
OFF), the display backs up to the previous level of options.
Also direct entry of the numbers in the flow chart will get you
through the screens, but the other screen options are not
visible. This method should be used only after you have gone
through the manual at least once. Tearout shortcut cards (see
pages 4 and 5) are provided to assist you in the direct entry
methods for commonly used features.
The illustration on the next page shows the first level of the
Menu screen. These levels are then provided in a flow chart
on pages 102 to 104. You will find a description section to
explain the meanings of these functions on the next pages.
Then, you will be walked through all the steps of
programming, scanning, searching, and trunktracking.
☞Hint: You can check the various options you programmed
on the display when you press and hold
MENU/BACK for 2 seconds in the following modes.
• Scan mode/Scan Hold mode (as well as Trunk
mode).
• Chain Search mode/Chain Search Hold mode
16
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 17
• ID Search mode/ID Search Hold mode
MENU MODE
1:SERVICE OPTION
2:SCAN OPTION
3:SYSTEM OPTION
Menu Description and Numeric Keypad
Equivalents
Below are the Menu screens and a brief description or
purpose of the feature.
1:SERVICE OPTION
Service Search menus are preprogrammed services
used around the U.S.
1:WEATHER
1:MONITOR
When you select this mode, the
preprogrammed NOAA weather channel
begins to activate.
2:ALERT
You can set NWR-SAME weather alert to
1:ON or 2:OFF. With ALERT ON you can
enter the mode to program your FIPS code.
2:PUBLIC SAFETY
3:NEWS
4:TV BROADCAST
5:HAM RADIO
6:MARINE
7:RAILROAD
8:AIR
9:CB RADIO
0:FRS
:RACING
:SPECIAL
:CHAIN SEARCH
17
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 18
You can program up to 10 search ranges. The first
time you program a range you will need to do so
through the Menu. After the first time you can
program a range as you do on most any other
scanner, using the numeric keypad or VFO control.
Use this Menu item to select the search range that
you want to program. You can program range 1
through 10, one at a time. For each of the ranges,
the following options can be modified.
1:CHAIN SEARCH
You must turn Chain Search feature ON, in
order to use the Chain Search feature.
2:SEARCH RANGE
1:RANGE
Enter the upper and lower frequency
limits of the Search Range.
2:STEPS
You can assign a variety of step sizes
to the search range.
Note: The default step is usually
acceptable and is listed on
page 1.
3:MODE
You can change the Auto receive
mode to AM, FM, WFM, NFM.
4:ALPHA TAG
You can enter an Alpha Tag for any
or all of the search ranges.
5:TRUNK
During Chain Search mode, when the
scanner finds an active frequency.
The trunk tracking system will be
active. Four frequency plans apply to
the Control Channel Only feature (for
details see page 73).
3:DELAY
Set the delay for the search ranges to 1:ON
or 2:OFF. This applies to Search mode, and
Service Search mode (See 2:SCAN
OPTION / 1:CONVENTIONAL /
2:DELAY for details).
4:ATTENUATOR
Set attenuation for all search ranges.
(See 2:SCAN
OPTION/1:CONVENTIONAL /
5:ATTENUATOR for details).
18
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 19
5:TONE DATA
The default mode is 2:OFF. This means that
you will receive all transmissions on any
frequencies that are active within your search
range(s). By selecting CTCSS or DCS you
can set the radio to receive only a particular
subaudible tone to be received during your
search. You can also lockout a particular
CTCSS or DCS tone. You may wish to do this
if you want to search a range but not hear
transmissions on any frequency that has a
particular subaudible tone.
Note: Through the System Menu you can set
the radio to operate in Tone Search
mode during Search as well. In this
mode, the radio will automatically
determine the active subaudible tone
on any frequency received during the
search.
6:AUTO STORE
You can automatically store active
frequencies found during a search into the
memory. You can select which bank you want
to program the found frequencies. The audio
will be muted during Auto Store.
2:SCAN OPTION
1:CONVENTIONAL
Choose the channel number. The following options
are available for the selected channel only.
Repeat using a different channel number, if
necessary.
1:FREQUENCY
Allows you to edit or enter a frequency in
each channel you select.
Also you can set an alphanumeric text tag for
each programmed frequency.
2:DELAY
The delay for all programmed channels is
2 seconds. At the end of any transmission
the scanner will remain on the frequency for
2 seconds before resuming scanning.
This will allow you to catch most replies.
3:TONE DATA
You can set a CTCSS (analog) or DCS
(digital) subaudible tone for a frequency.
19
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 20
To do so you must have the SQ Mode in the
System Menu set to Tone SQ. You can also
program a subaudible tone easily by pressing
the E key in Scan Hold mode after
programming a frequency. This will bring up
the Tone Data menu without having to
navigate the Menu. By doing this you will
receive all transmissions on the frequency,
regardless of the subaudible tone, except the
one which you have locked. Any transmissions
with that tone will not be received.
4:BEEP ALERT
You can set a Beep Alert on a per-channel
basis to alert you when specific frequencies
are active. For example, you may wish to be
alerted anytime a mutual aid fire frequency
is active. With Beep Alert, you will hear three
beeps at the start of each transmission that
you have flagged as such. You will also
notice that as you scroll pass the flagged
channel(s), you will hear three beeps.
5:ATTENUATOR
The BC250D comes with an RF Attenuation
feature. If you are near an unusually strong
signal source, the signal may overload the
scanner. The scanner may stop repeatedly
on that signal and miss other transmissions.
The RF Attenuation feature works in all
modes and attenuates (reduces) the incoming
signal strength to prevent stronger signals
from overloading the scanner.
6:STEPS
Your BC250D is programmed with default
step sizes for each frequency range (see
page 1). Steps are important if you are
interested in using the VFO to tune off from a
frequency programmed into memory or if you
wish to program a frequency that the default
step size will not accept. For example, in VHF
High Band mode, the default step size
between 148 and 162 MHz is 5 KHz.
However, the FCC has recently instituted 7.5
KHz channel intervals. If you wish to enter
155.4075 into the scanner without changing
the default step, the scanner will change the
programmed frequency to 155.4100. Use the
Menu to change the default step size to 7.5
KHz and then you will be able to enter
155.4075.
20
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 21
7:MODE
Default Auto receive modes are also
programmed into memory. AM for aircraft and
CB bands, for example. All frequencies (other
than audio TV broadcast) above 400 MHz are
received in NFM mode which helps prevent
adjacent channel interference. You can
change the default settings on a per-channel
basis with this Menu item.
2:TRUNK
Choose the Trunk bank. The following options are
available for the selected trunk bank only. Repeat
using a different trunk bank, if necessary.
1:TRUNK TYPE
You will need to assign the correct trunking
type for the bank you are about to program.
If you want to listen to a Motorola Type I
system, you will need to use this Menu option
to assign the same. If you do not know the
type of trunking system you are about to
monitor, refer to the guide included with the
scanner or check out www.bearcat1.com.
Note: Some trunking systems require that you
know the channel order. In these cases
you will also need to start programming
the trunked system at the start of the
bank. The scanner defaults to the most
common type of trunking system,
Motorola Type II 800.
2:TRUNK CHANNEL
1:FREQUENCY
To use Trunk Tracking, you need to
program a frequency for at least one
channel. Also you can enter an alpha
tag for each channel in this Menu.
2:STEPS
You can assign a variety of step sizes
to the channel.
3:TALK GROUP
You can program IDs into the Scan List
memory either during Trunk Scan or Search
without going into the Menu. However, you
can also use the Menu to program IDs.
This is particularly helpful when you are not
near the trunked system you wish to later
monitor. You can set it up and have it ready
to go at some later time. After you have
selected the Scan List location (1-10), you
21
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 22
can then do the following:
1. Program ID number
2. Set an alpha tag
3. Assign a Beep Alert to the ID. Whenever
that ID is active, you will hear three beeps
at the start of the transmission.
4:DELAY
You can set a delay for a trunk system on a
bank by bank basis. The delay time is 2
seconds, and this setting can not be changed.
5:ID LIST TAG
Assign an alphanumeric tag to any or all of
the 10 Scan Lists for the system. During ID
Scan Mode, you will see the ID List Tag (on
the bottom text line) along with any alpha tag
you may have set for an ID. In Search mode,
you will see any Bank Tag you have set.
6:L/O ID REVIEW
Use this Menu item to review the IDs that you
have locked out during Search and Scan.
Rotate the VFO up or down to view the IDs
that have been locked out. To leave the
lockout IDs unchanged, press MENU/BACK
to back out of the Menu. To unlock an ID,
press the L/O key. To unlock all the IDs that
have been locked out, press and hold the L/O
key for about 2 seconds.
7: ACTIVITY ID
When activity ID is set to ON, your scanner
receives any transmissions on the ID every
0.5 seconds while scanning.
8:I-CALL (MOTOROLA/EDACS)
Most communications within a trunked system
are group calls where one unit (such as a
dispatcher) communicates with all the units
within his/her group (all the patrol vehicles on
the east side of town, for example). The units
within this group comprise what is typically
known as a talkgroup. There are some
communications which are direct unit-to-unit
conversations where one individual converses
with another individual. The call is initiated by
a radio and is directed to another single radio.
Within the system, no one outside of these
two users hears the conversation.
Your BC250D defaults to I-CALL OFF mode.
You can hear these conversations by using
this Menu item to turn the I-CALL function to
22
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 23
ON. In Search mode, with I-CALL ON, you
will hear both talkgroup calls and I-CALLs.
You can also set I-CALLs to I-CALL ONLY
during which you will monitor only I-CALLs in
Search mode. You can also program I-CALL
IDs into Scan List memory.
OR
8:ID SCAN LIST (LTR)
When scanning an LTR system you can only
turn Scan Lists OFF and ON when an LTR
talk group that you have entered into memory
is active. To provide you with another method
to turn Scan Lists ON and OFF, you can use
this Menu item which only appears when you
have selected LTR in trunk type.
9:EMERGENCY ALT (EDACS)
In EDACS trunked systems, you can set an
alert for an EDACS transmission received.
Set Emergency Alert to ON, EMERGENCY
flashes on the display and you will hear beep
alerts when you receive an EDACS
emergency transmission.
9:STATUS BIT (MOTOROLA)
On Type 2 trunking systems there is a
method by which specialized types of
communications utilize unique talkgroup
numbers. An emergency call will occur on
a unique talkgroup from its primary
assignment, for example. Because the
BC250D defaults to Status-Bit ON mode, you
never need to worry about missing these
transmissions. If you've programmed
talkgroup 33264 into Scan List memory, for
example, and there is an emergency call
within the group, you will hear it on 33264.
0:EDACS ID FORM (EDACS)
You can change to display the talkgroups in
decimal mode, but this mode does not
provide you with the flexibility that you get
with AFS. The BC250D defaults to show the
talkgroup number in AFS mode (AgencyFleet-Subfleet). For details on AFS see pages
65~67.
OR
0:END CODE (MOTOROLA)
When this function is disabled, the radio looks
for squelch before returning to the control
channel instead of waiting for the disconnect
23
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 24
tone. Only in rare instances will you need to
adjust the default settings. The condition to
return to control channels depends on
whether a signal is present or not.
:CNTRL CH ONLY
(TYPE 1/TYPE 2 800, 900)
With this mode you will be able to track
Motorola Type I and II 800 and 900 MHz
trunked systems by simply entering the
control channel which manages the trunked
system. You will not have to program the
voice channels. There are 4 channel plans
which you can select from.
3:SYSTEM OPTION
1:DIMMER
Allows you to change the brightness of the display.
Also you can change the lighting length of time.
2:SCREEN MASK
Screen Mask allows you to limit what appears on the
display to the alpha tags that you have set for a
channel along with a few function icons. Screen Mask
removes the frequency, receiving mode tone data
and signal strength bars. This mode is particularly
useful in public safety vehicles where "information
overload" is already a problem. Screen Mask does
not work in Search mode.
3:KEY BEEP
Use this function to turn 2:OFF the keypad
acknowledgement beep. The default setting is 1:ON.
4:ENTER LOCK
Use Enter Lock to prevent accidental re-programming
of channels, tone (CTCSS/DCS) and talkgroups
entered into memory. The default setting is 2:OFF.
5:PC CONTROL
Use this function to set the transfer speed (baud rate)
at which your personal computer (PC) communicates
with the scanner when downloading information into
your scanner using the Uniden’s E-Scanner software.
See page 80 for details.
6:CLONE
You can clone all the programming, including
frequencies, talkgroups and alpha tags as well as
bank settings and other parameters from one
BC250D to a BC785D or another BC250D.
24
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 25
7:DATA SKIP
A scanner will normally stop on any transmission it
receives. This means the BC250D will occasionally
stop on data signals and unmodulated transmissions.
You can automatically skip many of these types of
transmissions with data skip turned ON.
8:SQ MODE
The SQ Mode allows you to set at your option,
whether the scanner will stop on all active
transmissions on a particular frequency or it will only
respond to transmissions with a pre-set subaudible
tone. This applies to both Conventional Search and
Scan modes. The options are as follows:
1. CSQ - The default setting is CSQ (carrier
squelch). In this mode the scanner will stop on
any transmission on a programmed frequency
(Squelch mode does not apply to trunking).
2. TONE SQ - In Tone Squelch mode, if you have
set a subaudible tone (CTCSS or DCS) for a
frequency, the scanner will only stop on that
frequency if the transmission includes the
prescribed tone.
3. TONE SEARCH - In this mode, as soon as the
scanner stops on any (non-trunked) channel, the
scanner will begin to search for any subaudible
tone that is being used on a transmitted
frequency. The scanner will check each CTCSS
tone sequentially and it will find DCS tones
instantly.
9:BANK TAG
Allows you to set an alphanumeric text tag for
individual banks in the scanner (1-10). (The "0" key
represents bank number 10.) For example, you may
wish to set the bank one text tag as Law
Enforcement, the second bank as Fire, etc.
0:P-25 CARD
When you insert the optional card (BCi25D) and
select 1:ENABLE in this mode, you can monitor
APCO P-25 digital communications. See page 76 for
details.
:BATTERY SAVE
When you set Battery Save to ON in this Menu,
Battery Save is active in Scan Hold mode (except
Priority Scan mode).
25
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 26
Programming
Before the BC250D can begin conventional scanning, you
must program a frequency into at least one channel.
Repeat this procedure for each channel you want to program.
Storing Frequencies into Channels in Menu
Mode
1. Select frequencies you received
from your dealer, from various
sources on the internet, or from
one of the guides listed on
page 11.
Here is a list of sample
frequencies you should try:
156.800 Marine Calling channel
155.340 Ambulance operations
155.280 Ambulance operations
155.160 Ambulance operations
462.950 Ambulance operations
462.5625 Family Radio Services (channel one)
2. Press MENU/BACK.
3. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 1:CONVENTIONAL by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
4. Select a channel.
a. Enter the
channel number
using the keypad.
b. Then press E.
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
C 001
1:FREQUENCY
2:DELAY
3:TONE DATA
5. Select 1:FREQUENCY, and press E.
C 001
a. Enter the frequency number
0000.0000 NFM
using . (decimal key) and the
FREQUENCY
keypad.
b. Then press E.
6. Enter the alpha tag and press E.
(See page 28.)
7. The following display appears, select
the location you want.
C 001
855.0000 NFM
ALPHA TAG
¡
1:OTHER CHANNEL
2:CHANNEL OPTION
3:DONE
26
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 27
Note: • To clear a mistake while entering the frequency,
press . (decimal key) repeatedly until the
display is cleared.
• If you enter a channel or
frequency which is out of the
scanner’s range, a beep will
sound and ERROR appears
on the display.
• For each channel, you can also
change the step size or the
mode. (See page 103.)
C 010
512.0000 NFM
ERROR
OUT OF CHANNEL
C 010
512.0000 NFM
ERROR
OUT OF BAND
Deleting a Stored Frequency
To delete a stored frequency:
a. Select a channel.
b. Press 0.
c. Then press E.
0000.0000
C1000
Note: Channels with no frequencies are
automatically locked out.
Editing a Stored Frequency
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 1:CONVENTIONAL by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the channel number you want to edit by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
4. Select 1:FREQUENCY by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
5. Edit the frequency by using
keypad and pressing E.
.
(decimal key) and the
Duplicate Frequency Alert
If you enter a frequency which has been
stored in another channel, you will hear
a beep and the channel stored displays
WARNING.
Press
.
C 010
512.0000 NFM
WARNING
DUPLICATE
017
(decimal key) to clear and start again.
––– OR –––
Press E again to store the frequency in both channels.
27
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 28
Transfer Frequencies
You can transfer a frequency that has been stored in a
channel to another channel.
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
2. Press TRANSFR, and the smallest empty channel number
along with the frequency will flash on the display.
3. Press E and the frequency can be stored in this channel.
4. If you want to enter it into another channel, select another
channel by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
Note: When the frequency is transferred, channel data along
with the frequency is also transferred. For trunked
frequency, data related to trunking, such as Trunk
Type or Fleet Map will not be transferred. You will
need to input the data manually.
Storing Text Tags
You can customize your scanner by storing text tags for easy
identification of banks, channel transmissions, trunking
talkgroup IDs, etc. The text tags can be set at the Menu
mode. (Refer to “Understanding the Menu System” on page
16.)
For programming text tags for trunked talk group ID’s, please
refer to page 53.
Assigning a Bank Tag to a Bank
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 9:BANK TAG by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the bank number by rotating
the VFO and pressing E.
4. The cursor appears on the display.
Scroll the VFO to change the letters,
and then press HOLD/MAN or RSM
to move right or left. Both capital and
lower case letters are available, as
well as numbers and punctuation
marks.
BANK TAG 1
BANK TAG 1
Uniden Group
5. After entering the desired text, press E.
Assigning a Text Tag to a Channel
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 1:CONVENTIONAL by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
28
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 29
3. Select the channel number by rotating the VFO and
pressing E. You can also enter the channel number by
using the keypad and then press E.
4. Select 1:FREQUENCY and
ALPHA TAG by rotating the VFO
and pressing E.
C 001
855.0000 NFM
ALPHA TAG
¡
Note: You can only assign a text tag to
the channel where the frequency is stored.
5. The cursor appears on the display. Rotate the VFO to
change letters, and press HOLD/MAN or RSM to move
right or left. Both capital and lower case letters are
available, as well as numbers and punctuation marks.
6. After entering the desired text, press E.
☞ Remember! To clear a mistake while entering the letters,
press HOLD/MAN, RSM or . (decimal key) repeatedly
until the display is cleared.
Beep Alert
The scanner can alert you with three beeps at the beginning
of a transmission on an assigned frequency.
Assigning the Beep Alert to a Channel
This alert can be set ON/OFF for every channel in
Conventional mode.
In conventional mode 1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 1:CONVENTIONAL by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the channel number by rotating the VFO and then
pressing E. (You can also enter the channel number by
using the keypad and then press E.)
4. Select 4:BEEP ALERT by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
5. Select 1:ON or 2:OFF by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
Note: If NOT REGISTERED appears, make sure a
frequency is stored in the channel.
Programming Tips
• Do not program a weather frequency into one of the
channels, since weather channels transmit continuously.
Use the Weather Search feature to select the weather
information band.
29
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 30
• Group similar services into a bank. For example, program
police frequencies in channels 1 through 10 and
fire/emergency into channels 51 through 60, and so on.
• Put the frequency that you listen to the most or the most
important frequency into a Priority channel.
• To quickly program a series of channels, start with the
lowest number channel.
For example, when you are programming five new
frequencies into channels 4 through 8, start with channel
4. After you finish programming a channel, rotate the VFO
up to go to the next higher channel.
• Write down your programmed channels and frequencies
and put them in a convenient place in case of accidental
reprogramming.
• Frequencies are rounded off according to the step of each
channel.
• When you are overwriting a tagged channel with a new
frequency, the previous alpha tag will be deleted. You must
re-enter the alpha tag.
• When programming frequencies, a 2 second delay is set
automatically and can not be changed.
30
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 31
Scanning
1. After programming frequencies,
C 001
simply press SCAN to begin scanning. SCAN
During scanning, when you rotate the Bank 1234567890
VFO, you can select the direction
(↑ or ↓) you want to scan.
2. The bank indicators selected for scanning appear on the
display, and the bank being currently monitored flashes.
You can deselect banks from active scanning by entering
their number on your keypad. The indicator for each
deselected bank disappears, and the bank’s channels are
not scanned.
Note: One bank must always be active. You cannot
deactivate all ten banks at the same time. If you try to
deselect all the banks, the first bank is automatically
selected.
To restore a bank to active scanning, enter the bank’s
number on your keypad.
The bank’s indicator will display again.
3. During normal scanning the
scanner skips
unprogrammed or locked
out channels.
SCAN
CHANNELS
4. When a transmission is
received, the scanner stops
on that channel. When the
transmission ends, scanning
resumes automatically.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Frequency
Locked Out
(L/O)
Frequency
not entered
Another method is as follows:
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
2. While the VFO setting is in the channel mode, rotate the
VFO until the desired channel is displayed.
Note: When in Hold mode, you can use the VFO to step up
or down through the channels. You can also switch
from stepping up/down through channels to stepping
up/down through frequencies by pressing the
HOLD/MAN button for 2 seconds.
Storing Frequencies During Scanning
During Scanning
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
31
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 32
2. Press TRNSFR, and the smallest
empty channel number flashes on
the display.
3. Press E.
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
Note: • If you want to change the
channel, rotate the VFO.
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
• If the frequency you want to store exists already,
WARNING appears on the display and you will hear
a beep. (See “Duplicate Frequency Alert” on page
27).
RF Attenuation Feature
The BC250D comes with an RF Attenuation feature. If you're
near an unusually strong signal source, the signal may
overload the scanner. The scanner may stop repeatedly on
that signal and miss other transmissions.
The RF Attenuation feature works in all modes and attenuates
(reduces) the incoming signal strength to prevent stronger
signals from overloading the scanner.
The RF attenuation is set at the Menu mode.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. For Search mode, select 1:SERVICE OPTION /
:CHAIN SEARCH/4:ATTENUATOR / 1:ON by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
OR
For Scan mode, select 2:SCAN OPTION /
1:CONVENTIONAL by rotating the VFO and pressing
E. Then select the channel number by rotating the VFO
and pressing E. Select 5:ATTENUATOR by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
Note: Attenuation will only be active for the specified
channel. In Search mode, it is applied to the search
ranges in all banks.
Setting the Delay Mode for Frequency
The delay of 2 seconds is automatically set for each
frequency. To set the delay feature, enter into the Menu
mode.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. For Scan mode, select 2:SCAN OPTION /
32
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 33
1:CONVENTIONAL by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
3. Select the channel number of the stored frequency to be
delayed by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
4. Select 2:DELAY and press E.
5. Rotate the VFO to select 1:ON or 2:OFF and press E.
6. For Search mode, select 1:SERVICE OPTION /
:CHAIN SEARCH/3:DELAY by rotating the VFO
and pressing E, then set to 1:ON or 2:OFF the same
way as the Scan mode setting.
Channel Lockout
You can lockout any channel so it is not checked during
normal scanning. You can restore the channel to scanning
when you wish.
Lockout in Hold Mode
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
RSM
SERVICE
SCAN
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
2. Select a channel.
a. Enter the channel number using
the keypad.
b. Press HOLD/MAN again.
TRUNK
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
C 001
141.5000 NFM
––– OR –––
Rotate the VFO up or down to change
the channel.
UNIDEN Group A
3. Press L/O to lockout the channel.
L/O appears on the display.
Lockout in Scanning Mode
If the scanner keeps stopping on a particular channel due to
noise or frequent transmissions, you may want to keep that
channel from scanning.
1. Wait until the scanner stops on the channel.
2. Then press L/O.
3. The scanner immediately resumes scanning because the
locked out channel is no longer in the scanning sequence.
Lockout Tips
Write down your locked-out channels and
put in a convenient place in case you need
to restore them.
33
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 34
Restoring a Locked-out Channel
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
2. Select a locked out channel.
a. Enter the channel number using
the keypad.
b. Then press HOLD/MAN again.
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
3. Press L/O to unlock the channel.
The L/O icon disappears.
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
Restoring All Locked-out Channels
You can restore all locked-out channels in a bank only when a
bank is selected for scan. If you have deselected a bank and
you want to restore all of its locked-out channels using the
steps below, you must press SCAN and then enter the
number of the bank on your keypad.
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
Note: You must be in Hold mode before restoring all lockedout channels.
2. Press and hold L/O for about 2 seconds.
You will hear two beeps when all the channels have been
restored.
Priority Scan
When Priority Scan is turned ON, your scanner checks the
priority channel in the banks you selected every 2 seconds for
activity. If a signal is present on the priority channel, your
scanner monitors the channel until the transmission ends,
then resumes normal scanning. You can designate one
channel in each bank as a Priority Channel. By default, the
first channel in each bank is the Priority Channel, but you can
change this.
To activate Priority Scan (in either the Hold or Scan Mode):
1. Press PRI to select PRIORITY ON.
Note: If you have locked out the priority
channel, ERROR appears when
you select Priority mode.
2. Press PRI to select PRIORITY
OFF to deactivate Priority Scan.
34
PRIORITY ON
C 010
1240.0000 NFM
ERROR
PRI CH LOCKOUT
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 35
Changing the Priority Channel
You cannot eliminate the Priority Channel, but you can
change it to any one of the 100 available channels in each
bank.
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
2. Select a new Priority Channel:
a. Enter the channel number using
the keypad.
b. Then press HOLD/MAN again.
3. Press and hold PRI for 2 seconds to
designate this channel as your new
Priority Channel.
Two beeps indicates that the Priority
Channel has been changed. The P
icon appears on the display.
RSM
SERVICE
SCAN
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
C 001
512.0000 NFM
UHF TV 1
UNIDEN Group A
Note: • Priority in Trunking mode works just the same,
except you set them for talkgroup IDs, instead of
setting priorities for channels. The scanner only
checks priority talkgroups between transmission,
in 4 second intervals.
• Priority Scan is disabled while M, E or L (Trunking
type) icons are illuminated (a beep will sound if you
try to scan). To make it possible, turn OFF each
function then press PRI to select PRIORITY ON.
Priority Channel Plus Scan
You can scan only the Priority Channels (except for the lock
out channels) in the banks you selected. To activate Priority
Channel Plus
(Only in Scan mode):
1. Press PRI to select PRIORITY PLUS.
2. Press PRI to select PRIORITY ON or PRIORITY
OFF on the display to deactivate Priority Channel Plus
Scan.
Note: Priority or Priorty Plus Scan are disabled while Search
mode is selected.
35
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 36
Searching
Setting a Search Range
Note: First you must set the search ranges through the Menu
screen prior to any searching.
The BC250D can search up to 10 separate frequency ranges
to help you discover new stations in your area.
To set a Search Range, enter into the Menu mode.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 1:SERVICE OPTION / :CHAIN SEARCH
/ 2:SEARCH RANGE - by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
3. Select a range number by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
4. Select 1:RANGE by rotating the
VFO and pressing E. Enter the
lowest frequency using the keypad
and then press E, then repeat the
same for the highest frequency.
Then press SEARCH.
SRCH 12.5k
1240.0000 NFM
Range 1234567890
––– OR –––
Another method is as follows:
1. Press and hold SEARCH for 2 seconds.
2. Select -range number-1:RANGE and program the lowest
and highest frequencies the same way as step 3 and 4
above.
Note: • The scanner can continuously search up to 10
ranges. (Chain Search)
• You can select or deselect the search range freely
by pressing the corresponding number with the
keypad.
• The scanner automatically increases its search
speed from 100 to 300 steps per second for the
bands having 5 kHz steps. (Turbo Search)
• After you have set the search range through the
Menu the first time for a range, you will be able to
set new ranges for the same range by using the
keypad and the standard direct entry method.
• Searching feature is applied to Control Channel Only
mode (see page 73).
36
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 37
Caution: After you have entered the search range while still
in the Menu mode, you can set your alpha tag (see
page 28), change the step size of the search,
change the mode or change the trunk set.
Once the lower and upper parameters of your
search are edited, the Menu screen backs up one
level to allow you to modify the step size, receive
mode, and alpha tag. Select 2:STEPS for your
step size choices and then press E.
Select 3:MODE for the receiver mode choices and
then press E. Select 4:ALPHA TAG to enter an
alpha tag using the VFO and then pressing E.
Select 5:TRUNK to switch ON or OFF for trunk
search.
Starting Chain Search
1. After setting the search ranges, select 2:SERVICE
OPTION / :CHAIN SEARCH / 1:CHAIN SEARCH
by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
2. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Press SEARCH to search up to 10 ranges continuously.
Note: • If CHAIN SEARCH is OFF, only 1 range can be
searched.
• When searching stops, press RSM to resume
searching.
• When you rotate the VFO while searching, you can
change the search direction to up or down.
• When searching in WFM, it will stop before reaching
the desired frequency if the step is other than 50 kHz
or 100 kHz.
Search Hold Feature
1. Press HOLD/MAN at anytime to stop
the search.
2. Press RSM or SEARCH to resume
searching.
SRCH 12.5k
1240.0000 NFM
Range 1
25cm Amateur Grp
Data Skip
A scanner will normally stop on any transmission it receives.
This means the BC250D will occasionally stop on data signals
and unmodulated transmissions. You can automatically skip
many of these types of transmissions during search. To
activate the Data Skip feature, enter into the Menu mode.
37
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 38
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION /
SYSTEM OPTION
7:DATA SKIP by rotating the VFO 5:PC CONTROL
6:CLONE
and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
7:DATA SKIP
When Data Skip is active, your scanner may pause
momentarily on an unwanted signal but will resume
searching in 2 or 3 seconds. The Data Skip feature is
active as well as Scan mode and Service Search mode.
Data Skip does not function during AM/WFM band Scan,
Chain Search for AM/WFM band, or WX Search, Priority
Scan, and Trunking mode.
Frequency Skip
If a particular frequency continues to interrupt search
scanning, it is possible to set your scanner to skip the
frequency.
To skip over a frequency, press L/O when stopping at the
frequency you want to skip or when in Search Hold mode.
Note: • You can program up to 200 skip frequencies.
The 201st skip frequency entered
causes the first skipped frequency
to unlock.
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
SCAN
SERVICE
RSM
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
• If all frequencies in the search
range are set to skip, a beep
sounds and it moves to Search
Hold mode.
To resume searching:
TRUNK
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
1) Cancel the Frequency Skip set.
––– OR –––
2) Reset the Search Frequency range.
To cancel all skipped frequencies, press and hold
L/O for 2 seconds in Search Hold mode.
Storing Search Frequencies
You can quickly store any frequency you find during Search.
1. During Search, press HOLD/MAN to store or when the
scanner stops on the frequency you want to store.
38
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 39
2. Press TRNSFR to store the
frequency in the channel you
selected. The smallest empty
channel number flashes on the
display. If necessary, you can also
change the channel by scrolling the
VFO.
SRCH 12.5k
1240.0000 NFM
Range 1
C004 0000.0000
3. Press E.
Note: • If the frequency you want to store exists already,
WARNING appears on the display and you will hear
a beep. (See “Duplicate Frequency Alert” on page
27.)
• After storing the frequency, it moves to the Search
Hold mode.
• In case there is a not a free channel, the frequency
you want to store will automatically be stored in the
previous channel before you entered into Chain
Search mode.
4. Repeat steps 1, 2 and 3 after starting the search for all the
search frequencies you want to store.
Auto Storing
The scanner automatically stores active frequencies if Auto
Store feature is turned ON.
But the frequencies already stored can not be stored.
To make use of this feature, set a search range first (see
page 37), then enter into the Menu mode. If you start this
feature without setting a search range, NO LIMIT DATA
appears on the display.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 1:SERVICE OPTION / :CHAIN SEARCH /
6:AUTO STORE by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
AUTO STORE
4. Select the bank number you want to
use with the keypad. The selected
bank number appears on the display.
Note: If the selected bank has no free
channels to store, CH DATA
FULL will appear on the display
and you will hear a beep.
39
SELECT BANK
12--56---AUTO STORE
ERROR
CH DATA FULL
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 40
C 001
1245.8500 NFM
7. After the search has gone through the Bank 12--56---search range, press HOLD/MAN to
AUTO STORE
6. Press SEARCH to start auto storing.
stop this feature. STORE END
appears on the display. You may want
to let it run through the search range
several times because during the first
pass there may not have been any
transmissions at that particular time on
that frequency.
Squelch (SQ) Mode
The scanner can be set to the following SQ modes.
• Carrier SQ mode (default setting)
The scanner will stop on any transmission or squelch
opening, regardless of whether any subaudible tone has
been programmed for the channel or search range.
• Tone SQ mode
The scanner will stop on any active frequency for which
either no subaudible tone has been programmed or for
which the user-programmed subaudible tone is also active.
• Tone Search mode
During any transmission, the scanner will begin searching
all possible subaudible tones, one of which may also be in
use. The scanner counts up through the CTCSS tones and
instantly determines any possible DCS tone. See page 101
for a listing of the tones that the BC250D decodes.
Note: When Tone Search is active in Scan mode, once the
CTCSS or DCS display flashes a tone repeatedly
(meaning that it has found the tone match), you can
press E to program that frequency with the captured
tone. When you change the mode to Tone SQ from
Tone Search that frequency and tone will be
programmed.
• Tone Lock (out) mode
For either a Memory channel or a Search Range, you can
lock a particular subaudible tone by pressing L/O after
scrolling to the desired tone. The scanner will stop on any
transmission except those which may be using the locked
subaudible tone.
To set your scanner, enter into the Menu mode.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 8:SQ MODE by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
40
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 41
3. Rotate the VFO to select one type (1:CSQ, 2:TONE
SQ, 3:TONE SEARCH) and press E.
4. To set Tone Lock mode, do the following first, then select
2:TONE SQ in step 3.
1) For Scan mode, select 2:SCAN OPTION /
1:CONVENTIONAL - select the channel number 3:TONE DATA - 1:CTCSS or 2:DCS by rotating
the VFO and pressing E. With CTCSS or DCS, Tone
Lock ON is set by pressing L/O.
2) For Search mode, select 1:SERVICE OPTION /
:CHAIN SEARCH / 5:TONE DATA / 1:CTCSS
or 2:DCS by rotating the VFO and pressing E. With
CTCSS or DCS Tone Lock ON is set by pressing L/O.
Note: • To set Tone Lock OFF for either Scan mode or
Search mode, press E instead of pressing L/O on
step 1) or 2) above.
• CTCSS: Continuous Tone Coded Squelch
System.
• DCS: Digital Coded Squelch.
• For example, the scanner shows the following
displays. When Search mode and Tone Search
are selected, the display shows the frequency and
tone data alternately.
C 001
512.0000 NFM
CTCSS 250.3
Bank 1
C 001
512.0000 NFM
DCS 025
Bank 1
Tone SQ ON,
CTCSS 250.3 Hz
setting
Tone SQ ON,
DCS 025 setting
C 003
512.0000 NFM
CTCSS 250.3
UNIDEN Group A
C 003
512.0000 NFM
DCS 025
UNIDEN Group A
UNIDEN Group A
Tone Search,
CTCSS 250.3 Hz
detecting
Tone Search,
DCS 025 detecting
Tone Search,
no signal received
C 001
512.0000 NFM
Bank 1
Tone SQ ON,
CTCSS & DCS
non-setting
C 003
512.0000 NFM
• If the Delay feature has been set while in Tone
Search mode, it resumes scanning after a 2 second
delay.
41
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 42
Additional Menu Options for Searching
Each of these additional menu options applys to all search
ranges entered. If there is a range that you do not want an
option to apply, then simply enter the range number on the
numerical keypad. You will see the range number that you
have selected disappears from the display. (For more
information on these options refer to the "Menu Descriptions"
section and "Additional Features" section.)
Options:
ATTENUATOR (for more information see page 32).
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 1:SERVICE OPTION / :CHAIN SEARCH /
4:ATTENUATOR by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
DELAY
Refer to page 32.
42
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 43
Service Search
The Service Search feature allows you to scroll through the
following twelve preprogrammed services. The frequencies
selected for these services are the most commonly used
around the U.S.
• 1:WEATHER
• 7:RAILROAD
• 2:PUBLIC SAFETY
• 8:AIR
• 3:NEWS
• 9:CB RADIO
• 4:TV BROADCAST
• 0:FRS
• 5:HAM RADIO
• :RACING
• 6:MARINE
• :SPECIAL
1. Press SERVICE.
––– OR –––
Another method is as follows:
To set Service Search, enter into the Menu mode.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
SERVICE OPTION
2. Select 1:SERVICE OPTION by 1:WEATHER
2:PUBLIC SAFETY
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3:NEWS
2. To start the Service Search, select one
Service Search menu you want from the lists above by
rotating the VFO and pressing E or directly enter the
number listed above.
Note: When you start Service Search by pressing SERVICE,
you can start Service Search without pressing E.
3. After a 3 second delay, searching begins for the selected
service. If you want to start searching immediately, press
RSM.
4. To change the searched service, rotate the VFO or directly
enter the number listed above after pressing SERVICE.
Note: • When you start searching, select :RACING or
:SPECIAL by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
• You can not change such settings as Auto Delay,
during a Service Search.
• You can enter one of the Service Search frequencies
into Channel Memory by pressing TRNSFR when
holding on one of the frequencies and pressing E.
• Special Frequencies are low-power, itinerant, FRS,
"splinters" and other frequencies which are
43
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 44
commonly used at special events and other locations
and may or may not be licensed.
• When you rotate the VFO while the Service Search
is active, you can change the search direction to up
or down.
During the search of one of the preprogrammed services, the
lowest display line will indicate the service that you are
searching. To stop the search, press HOLD/MAN. Rotate the
VFO to move up or down one programmed frequency or
press RSM to resume searching.
Service Search Skip
You can set the scanner to skip the unwanted frequencies
during Service Search. 100 skipped frequencies are
programmable.
1. To skip over a frequency, press L/O when stopping at the
frequency you want to skip.
2. To cancel a skip during search, press HOLD/MAN, select
the desired frequency by rotating the VFO, then press
L/O.
To restore all skipped frequencies,
press and hold L/O for 2 seconds.
SRVC
--CH
453.6000 NFM
Note: • You can not skip a set frequency SERVICE SEARCH
PUBLIC SAFETY
in WEATHER service mode.
• If you start the service seaching while all frequencies
in service search menu are set to skipped the
frequencies, you hear a beep and the scanner
moves to the Hold mode.
NWR-SAME Alert
In addition to the conventional weather broadcasts, your
BC250D is compatible with NWR-SAME weather alert.
When the scanner receives NOAA’s Specific Area Message
Encoding (SAME) coded weather emergency signal, it sounds
the alert siren with a specified message. You must program
your FIPS code to identify the specific area where you are
located.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 1:SERVICE OPTION / 1:WEATHER /
2:ALERT by rotating the VFO and
SRVC
2CH
pressing E.
162.6000 FM
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and SERVICE SEARCH
WX ALERT ON
pressing E.
44
BC250D 11/6/2 11:36 AM Page 45
Note: You can also set Alert mode to OFF by pressing RSM
without entering the Menu mode.
4. When the unit receives a warning signal, it shows a
message with the alert siren defined. (For NWR-SAME
EVENT CODE, see the table on page 99.)
5. To deactivate, just press any key or it is automatically
canceled and the alert siren stops.
Testing the Alert Siren
To test and recognize the difference between the types of
alert sirens, perform the following steps:
1. During WX Hold mode and when the WX ALT is OFF,
press and hold the PRI key for 2 seconds until you hear
the statement alert siren. SIREN TEST appears on the
display and the statement, watch and warning sirens
sound alternately.
Note: The samples of each alert siren only last for a few
seconds. You may need to listen to each siren several
times to be sure you recognize the different sirens.
The sirens continue to sound rotating through the
samples until you silence the test.
2. To stop the test, press any key.
Make sure you can hear the siren in all areas that you would
need to. If not, optional accessories can be purchased to
ensure that you are alerted for emergency broadcasts.
See your dealer or local electronics store for accessories.
DO NOT USE EARPHONES TO LISTEN TO THE TEST.
DAMAGE TO YOUR HEARING COULD OCCUR.
Programming FIPS Code
The 6-digit Federal Information Processing System (FIPS)
codes established by the National Weather Service (NWS)
must be programmed in your scanner. These codes specify
an emergency and the specific geographic area (such as
county) affected by the emergency.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 1:SERVICE OPTION /
1:WEATHER / 2:ALERT by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
WEATHER ALERT
SELECT CODE No.
FIPS CODE 1
------
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
4. Select the desired memory number (FIPS CODE 1
~15) by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
45
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 46
When you rotate the VFO to move down when FIPS
CODE 1 is displayed or VFO to move up when FIPS
CODE 15 is displayed, ALL FIPS appears on the
display.
5. Enter the FIPS code using the keypad.
6. Press E.
Note: • To cancel the entry, press
.
(decimal key).
• To clear a stored FIPS code, press 0 and E
successively
• To obtain the FIPS code for your area, contact the
NWS toll free at 1-888-697-7263.(1-888-NWRSAME) or visit their web site
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr/indexnw.htm
46
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 47
Digital and Trunked
Systems
Your BC250D is designed to monitor APCO Project 25 digital
communication systems (using optional BCi25D) and tracks
three major types of trunked radio systems. These systems
are described here.
❖APCO Project 25 Systems - Digital systems which support
the APCO Project 25 protocol developed by the
Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) and
Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA). Systems can
operate in conventional, trunked (3600) and mixedmodes (analog and digital) in any frequency band
including UHF, VHF and 800 MHz.
❖MOTOROLA - Including Type I, Type II, Hybrid,
SMARTNET, and Privacy Plus.
Motorola systems are widely used by public safety and
business users. Most are on the 800 MHz band, and
recent systems are appearing on other bands. (See
page 69).
❖EDACS - Including "Wideband" 9600 baud, and
"Narrowband" 4800 baud systems.
"Wideband" systems are mostly on the 800 MHz band,
and are used by public safety, utilities, and business
users. Some systems are used on the VHF and UHF
bands.
"Narrowband" systems are used in the 935-940 MHz
band, many by utilities.(See page 64).
❖EDACS SCAT - These systems are mainly used in the
Midwestern United States and are one-channel
trunking sites using the EDACS format.
❖LTR - These systems are mostly for business users, and
found on the UHF, 800 and 900 MHz bands. (See
page 68).
For details on the operation and programming for all of these
systems, see pages 49-79.
When tracking these types of systems, remember these
important points:
• Your scanner defaults to monitor Motorola Type II systems;
however, you can change this if the system in your area is
different. (The types of systems are discussed below.)
• The frequencies for many of the trunked public safety
systems are listed in the TrunkTracker National Public
47
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 48
Safety Trunked System Frequency Guide included with your
BC250D scanner. Frequencies sometimes change, check
with www.bearcat1.com/free.htm.
• If you have internet access, you can visit
scanner.uniden.com or www.bearcat1.com/free.htm for
additional information, for current news and frequency
information, about Trunk Tracking Scanning.
* Motorola, SMARTNET, and PRIVACY PLUS are
trademarks of Motorola Inc. EDACS is a registered
trademark of the M/A - COM Inc. LTR is a registered
trademark of E.F. Johnson Company.
48
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 49
Programming and
Receiving
Digital and Trunked
Systems
There are three steps for programming a trunked sytem:
1. Program the Trunk Type – What type of system will the
scanner be tracking, Motorola Type II, Type I, EDACS,
LTR, etc.
2. Program the Trunked Frequencies – Within a trunked
system, the frequencies are shared among all the users,
called “Talk Groups”.
• Within the bank you decide which channels to program
the trunked frequencies.
3. Program the Talk Groups – Within the trunked system,
each agency or department is assigned a Talk Group ID.
This ID must be programmed into the scanner in order to
monitor that specific agency or department.
• When programming you decide which “Location” to
program the “Talk Groups”. This is similar to how you
program frequencies into channels. Here you need to
program Talk Group ID’s into Locations.
STEP 1:
Selecting or Changing Trunking System Type
Before using the Trunk Tracking system, you must select the
bank and trunk type. You can only track one trunked system
per bank, total of 10 trunked systems.
1
Press MENU/BACK.
☞ Remember! You can also enter the
C 001
Trunk Tracking Programming mode by OOOO.0000
pressing TRUNK.
1:TRUNK TYPE
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION /
2:TRUNK by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
3
Select the bank number using the
keypad or the VFO and pressing E.
2:TRUNK CHANNEL
C 001
OOOO.0000
1:TYPE2 800
2:TYPE1
4. Select 1:TRUNK TYPE / 1:ON- and the system type
you want to track by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
For Type 1 System, you must enter the block and fleet
numbers. Please refer to “Programming a Fleet Map” on page
49
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 50
71 for instructions.
STEP 1 is complete.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
LCD display
Icon TrunkingType
Type 2 800
M Motorola Type 2 800 MHz
Type 1
M Motorola Type 1
Type 2 900
M Motorola Type 2 900 MHz
Type 2 UHF
M Motorola Type 2 UHF
Type 2 VHF
M Motorola Type 2 VHF
EDCS WIDE
E EDACS Wideband 9600 baud
EDCS NARROW E EDACS Narrowband 4800 baud
EDCS SCT.
E EDACS SCAT
LT
L
LTR
Special requirements
a. Must program a fleet map.
b. Must program base, spacing,
frequency and offset channel.
c. Must program frequencies
in exact order and location.
Note: Information on APCO P-25 Systems are referred to in
“APCO Project 25 Reception” on page 76.
STEP 2:
Programming Trunking Frequencies
After you finish selecting the bank and trunk type you want to
track, store the frequencies in the channels for your selected
bank in your scanner. Remember that you can only store one
trunking system in each bank.
Important: If you are programming an EDACS or LTR
trunked system, you must enter the frequencies
in a specific order. Check the frequency guide
included with the scanner for the frequencies in
your area. For additional frequencies, check the
web sites listed on page 11.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
CH/
FRQ
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION /
2:TRUNK by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
3. Select the bank number by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
4. Select 2:TRUNK CHANNEL and
enter the channel number by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
5. Select 1:FREQUENCY and enter a frequency for the
trunked system using the keypad and pressing E.
6. Enter the alpha tag and press E. (See page 53).
7
You can also change the step size in this menu.(See page
103)
Note: • To clear a mistake while entering the frequency,
50
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 51
press . (decimal key) twice, and the display is
cleared.
• If you enter a frequency which is
C 010
0000.0000
out of the system’s trunking
ERROR
range, a beep sounds and
ERROR appears on the display. OUT OF BAND
• If you enter a frequency which has been stored in
another channel, you will hear a beep and the
channel stored displays WARNING (Refer to
“Duplicate Frequency Alert” on page 27).
STEP 2 is complete.
STEP 3:
Programming ID Scan Lists Manually
Scan Lists
Each bank of your BC250D can be a trunk tracking bank and
it can be a conventional scanning bank. When you designate
a bank as a trunking bank, your scanner sets up 10 Scan
Lists, which are simply lists used to store your favorite Talk
Group IDs. Each list can contain up to 10 IDs, so you can
store a total of 100 IDs for each trunk tracking bank. (1000 if
you use all the banks as trunking banks!)
Scan Lists help you organize the trunking system users into
categories. For example, you might use List#1 for police IDs,
List#2 for fire department IDs, List#3 for emergency medical
service IDs, etc. Once IDs are stored in lists, you can scan
them like you scan conventional frequencies and you can
lockout any one (up to 9) of the 10 scan lists by pressing the
corresponding numeric key. When an ID is active, the scan list
number will appear on the display. You can program your
Scan Lists either manually or during Trunking Search mode.
Check the web site www.bearcat1.com/free.htm for a
complete list of talkgroups for your area that you can program
into your Scan Lists.
In order to program Talk Group ID’s, you must first complete
Step 1 – “Selecting or Changing Trunking System Type”,
page 49 and Step 2 – “Programming Trunked Frequencies”,
pages 50-51.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the bank number by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
51
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 52
4. Select 3:TALK GROUP by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
5. Select the ID location by rotating the VFO or using the
keypad and then press E. You decide which location you
want to place the Talk Group ID. (The first number
represents the Scan List number and the second number
represents the Memory Location number.) (Direct entry
method example: enter "1-5" by
M1-5
pressing 1, . (decimal key), 5.)
-----6. Select 1:ID by rotating the VFO
and pressing E.
¡
ENTER ID
7. Enter the ID.
Note: After you have programmed the ID in a selected
location, while still in the Menu mode, you can set your
Alpha Tag (see page 28), or turn ON the Beep Alert for
an individual talkgroup (see page
M5-0
22).
4128
To enter a Type 2 Talk Group ID:
1216¡
ENTER ID
1. Enter the ID you want to store.
2. Press E.
-----050-2¡
ENTER ID
To enter a Type 1 ID:
M5-0
For a Type I ID, the block number, Fleet
number and Subfleet number make up
the talk group ID number. Please see page 98.
1. Enter the ID you want to store. (ID= Block number + Fleet
number + . (decimal key) + Subfleet number)
2. Press E.
To enter an EDACS® ID:
1. Enter the ID you want to store.
Use the . (decimal key) for the
"dash".
2. Press E.
-----09-022¡
ENTER ID
E5-0
Hint: Remember that Uniden's AFS format allows you to
enter full or partial EDACS IDs for powerful flexibility in
all modes. Be sure to read the section "EDACS
Reception" on page 64 to learn how this works.
Note: The BC250D default to "AFS" talkgroup displays for
EDACS® only.
52
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 53
To enter a LTR ID:
For a LTR ID, the Area Code, Home Repeat number and ID
make up the talk group ID. Please see page 68 for more
information.
1. Enter the Area Code and then press
.
(decimal key)
-----2. Enter the Home Repeater number and 0-02-120¡
ENTER ID
then press
(decimal key).
L5-0
.
3. Enter the ID you want to store.
4. Press E.
Note: To clear a stored ID while entering an ID, press 0 and
E successively, and start over.
Assigning a Text Tag to a Talk Group ID
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION /
2:TRUNK by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
M5-0
1216
------ENTER ALPHA TAG
3. Select the bank number by rotating the VFO and pressing
E. You can also enter the Bank number by using the
keypad bank.
4. Select 3:TALK GROUP and ID location number by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
5. Select 2:ALPHA TAG by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
6. The cursor appears on the display. Rotate the VFO to
change letters, and press HOLD/MAN or RSM to move
right or left. Both capital and lower case letters are
available, as well as numbers and punctuation marks.
7. After entering the desired text, press E.
☞ Remember! To clear a mistake while entering the letters,
press HOLD/MAN, RSM or . (decimal key) repeatedly
until the display is cleared.
53
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 54
Setting the Squelch
For trunked reception, a good setting for
the SQUELCH control is in the center of the
range with the color marker pointing up.
See the illustration.
If it is set too high (CCW) in some cases it could prevent your
scanner from locking to the Control Channel reliably. If it is set
too low (CW) it will slightly delay finding the Control Channel.
The best setting is the same as for conventional reception,
and is not critical.
Receiving Trunked Systems
When you have properly programmed all the frequencies for a
trunked system, you can receive the system in several
different ways. You will find that Search, Hold, Lockout,
Scan and Delay are all similar to conventional scanning.
❖
ID SCAN lets you receive those talkgroups that you
store in Scan Lists.
❖
ID SCAN HOLD lets you selectively listen to a
talkgroup in your Scan Lists.
❖
TRUNKED SEARCH lets you hear all system talkgroup
activity (unit-to-unit I-Calls may be received as well).
This is the best way to get started.
❖
ID SEARCH HOLD works with Search mode to let you
quickly freeze reception on an interesting transmission.
Or you can manually specify a talkgroup with Direct
Entry in ID Hold.
❖
ID LOCKOUT works with Search and Scan to exclude
talkgroups that you don't want to hear.
❖
ID DELAY works with each talkgroup to be delayed for
2 seconds when the communication ends.
When receiving EDACS systems, remember that Uniden's
AFS talkgroups give you powerful flexibility. In a few key
presses, you can specify a single talkgroup, a fleet, or an
entire agency in all the above modes. Read the section
"EDACS Reception" to understand how this works.
Hint: If the scanner is not in the Trunking mode, you can
enter the Trunk Programming mode by pressing
TRUNK. Pressing TRUNK in the Trunking mode will
move to the Scan Hold mode.
54
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 55
ID Scan Mode
1. Press SCAN to begin scanning the
lists you have programmed.
ID SCAN
867.9875 NFM
If you haven't programmed more than List 1234567890
2 IDs, ERROR appears on the display.
2. To remove a Scan List from active scanning, press the
number of the Scan List on your keypad.
Hint:
Press and hold RSM for 2 seconds, the scanner will
move to the next trunking bank.
The Scan List indicator turns Off, and the IDs in that list
are not scanned.
Note: One Scan List must always be active. If you try and
deactivate all the Scan Lists, Scan List 1 will
automatically be active.
3. To restore a Scan List to active scanning, press its
number again.
4. Press SEARCH to return to Trunk Tracking Search mode.
☞ Remember! When you press and hold TRUNK for 2
seconds, you can switch Trunk Tracking modes (Scan or
Search).
Note: • While ID scanning, to change all trunking banks to
the Service Search mode, press SERVICE.
• Selecting a Scan List is also possible in the Menu
mode. (LTR only)
• ID SCAN appears on the display during Trunk
Scan instead of simply SCAN.
55
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 56
ID Scan Hold Feature
If you want to stop on a ID during ID
scanning, press HOLD/MAN.
M1-1:4128
867.8375 NFM
ID Tag
If you want to resume scanning, press LIST Tag
RSM.
To directly access a specific channel:
There are several ways to access a
specific ID quickly.
0000.0000
C1000
Bank 10
1. Press HOLD/MAN.
2. By using the keypad or rotating the
VFO, enter the ID location number
(See page 51).
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
3. Press HOLD/MAN again.
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
Trunked Search
Once you have programmed all the frequencies for a trunked
system, Search will let you immediately start hearing
transmissions.
Press SCAN, and select the bank(s) you wish to receive, just
as you select banks in conventional scanning and ID
scanning.
Hint:
Press and hold RSM for 2 seconds, the scanner will
move to the next trunking bank.
Talkgroups display differently in Motorola, EDACS and LTR
systems. You should read the appropriate parts of this guide
to understand the formats.
The display indicates the bank and the type of trunked system
you are monitoring. You can change this to display a bank tag
by using the System Option menu.
Regardless of the system, you won't know exactly who you
are receiving until you listen for a while, or refer to frequency
guides or internet sites such as www.bearcat1.com.
Of course, figuring out who each ID represents is half the fun
of TrunkTracking.
Later, when you learn more about a system, you will want to
store lists of talkgroups. Then you can scan specific agencies
and users, and use the many other features your radio
provides.
ID Monitor Mode
To enter Scan Hold mode for conventional system in the bank
56
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 57
selected for a trunked system, press HOLD/MAN, and the
radio will seek and acquire the trunked system control
channel.
ID Search Hold and Direct Entry ID Hold Mode
Just like in Conventional Search, Hold lets you pause ID
Search on an interesting transmission without storing the
talkgroup into memory.
If you hear an interesting ID during Search mode, and want to
continue listening to it -• Press HOLD/MAN to stop the search.
If you want to listen to a specific ID, while
• Use the keypad to enter the ID you
SCAN, RSM or SEARCH
(SEARCH key can not be
used for EDACS).
If you want to resume searching -• Press RSM to return to Search
mode.
in Hold mode -want and press
M ID:4128
867.8375 NFM
MOT ID:8192
Bank:04 MOT TYP2
Note: ID Hold feature is also applied to ID Scan mode.
ID Lockout
Like conventional scanning, it’s possible to lockout unwanted
traffic. This is particularly important in trunked systems
because in many areas, water meters, door alarms, traffic
signals, and other mechanical devices are assigned IDs just
like other users. Also some departments scramble or
encumber their communications, and you
M1-1:4128
may want to lock out these unintelligible
867.8375 NFM
broadcasts.
MOT ID:8192
To Lockout an ID, press L/O when the LIST Tag
ID you want to lockout displays.
The ID is locked out. You can
Lockout up to 200 IDs.
Note: If you Lockout an ID in Search mode, it is also locked
out in Scan List mode.
Conversely, if you Lockout an ID while in Scan List
mode, it is locked out in Search mode. For information
about Scan Lists see page 51.
EDACS BLOCKOUT is a powerful form of ID LOCKOUT
that can be used only with AFS and EDACS systems. This
feature lets you lockout entire Agencies or Fleets, not just
individual talkgroups. Using ID BLOCKOUT you can, for
example, prevent Search from stopping on any of hundreds of
57
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 58
talkgroups in the Utilities agency. You can do this with just a
few key presses. To use ID BLOCKOUT just enter the
Agency- part, or the Agency-Fleet part, of the talkgroup code
and press L/O. For example, to Blockout Agency 4 in Trunk
Search, press HOLD/MAN, 0, 4, . (decimal key), and then
L/O. For other ways to use partial AFS entry, be sure to read
the section "EDACS Reception".
Review ID Lockout
You can check all IDs already locked out.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
––– OR –––
1. When you press and hold L/O for 2 seconds in trunking,
you can also check all IDs locked out.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION /
2:TRUNK by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
L
LT ID:0-02-042
L/O ID REVIEW
3. Enter the bank number using the
keypad and pressing E.
4. Select 6:L/O ID REVIEW.
Restoring Locked-out IDs
To unlock a single ID, follow these steps:
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the bank number by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
4. Select 6:L/O ID REVIEW and the locked out ID you
want to unlock by rotating the VFO.
5. Press L/O. The ID is unlocked and the next locked ID
displays.
To unlock all locked out IDs in a bank once:
1. Press L/O for 2 seconds after selecting 6:L/O ID
REVIEW in step 4.
58
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 59
Reverse Key
For Motorola and EDACS system; to change your display
between the Scan List indicators and trunk bank display,
press REVERSE.
ID SCAN
867.9875 NFM
Bank 1234567890
BANK:10 MOTTYP2
ID SCAN
867.9875 NFM
List 1234567890
For LTR systems only, the talkgroup must be active in order
to change the Scan List and bank indicators. If the talkgroup
is not active, change the Scan List by using the Menu screen.
Setting the Delay Mode for Trunking Mode
The delay of 2 seconds is automatically set for each talkgroup
for ID Scan mode and ID Search mode. To set the delay
feature, enter into the Menu mode.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the bank number by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
4. Select 4:DELAY and pressing E.
5. Select 1:ON or 2:OFF by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
Note: If you want to verify the Delay mode setting, press and
hold MENU/BACK for 2 seconds in Trunking mode.
59
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 60
Setting Priority in Trunking Mode
You can set priority in your trunking lists, just as you do in
your conventional ones. You can set the priority by pressing
and holding PRI for 2 seconds in ID Scan Hold mode.
After you’ve set up your Scan List, press PRI to activate it.
It’s very similar to conventional priority although there is no
"interrupt" during the transmissions. Priorities are checked in
between transmissions.
With Priority ON, you can hold on an ID in your Scan List,
such as Scan List 6, memory position 7, and the scanner will
check all the priorities in all the active Scan Lists in between
any transmissions on the ID on which you’re holding. The
lowest numbered priority will be checked first. For example,
the Priority ID in List 1 will be checked before the Priority in
List 2, etc.
Note: This function does not work in LTR tracking.
Programming Scan Lists During Search
To select a Scan List location and store an ID during Search
mode, follow these steps:
1. When your scanner stops on an ID
you want to store, press HOLD/MAN.
2. Press TRNSFR and the smallest
empty Scan List appears on the
display, then press E. In case you
want to change the memory location,
you can change it by rotating the
VFO.
M ID:4128
867.8375 NFM
ID tag
Bank:04 MOT TYP2
M ID:4128
867.8375 NFM
MOT ID-----LIST:01 No.01
3. Press RSM to return to Trunk Tracking Search mode.
Deleting a Stored ID
To delete a stored ID:
a. Press HOLD/MAN in the ID
Scan mode.
b. Rotate the VFO to select the
Scan List location you want to
delete.
c. Press 0.
d. Then press E.
60
M1-1
851.0375 NFM
LIST:01 No.01
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 61
Moving between Scan List Memories
There are a number of ways to step and move through your
Scan List memories:
1. Press HOLD/MAN in the ID Scan mode and rotate the
VFO to move to up or down.
2. Or, press HOLD/MAN in the ID Scan mode, next press
0-9 (scan list number), then press 0-9 (memory position).
For example to move to Scan List 4, memory position 10,
press: HOLD/MAN, 4, 0, HOLD/MAN
Set Activity ID to ON, when your scanner finds an active ID
during a transmission the active ID appears every 0.5
seconds.
I-Call (Motorola/EDACS)
I-Calls are direct unit-to-unit transmissions that are not heard
by other system users. Your BC250D can receive these
transmissions. How you receive I-Calls depends on whether
you are in Search or Scan mode.
During I-Call reception the display will show the Unit ID
number of either the transmitting or receiving mobile unit, not
a talkgroup. Unit IDs will display differently according to the
type of trunked system, and will replace the n's shown here.
EDACS and MOTOROLA TYPE 1
innnnn
MOTOROLA TYPE 2
7nnnnn
Hint -- There are thousands of Unit IDs in typical systems,
but relatively few I-Calls at a given moment, so it is
normally best to let the scanner receive any I-Calls
without trying to specify particular units.
I-CALLS IN SEARCH MODE
In Search mode, the scanner default is that I-Call reception is
OFF. This means that I-Calls will not be received until you
program them to be ON. You have three choices for
controlling I-Call reception. Through the Menu system, go to
2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK - select bank number -/
8:I-CALL, and make your selection.
The menu choices are:
1 ON
I-CALLs
YES
TALKGROUPS
Received normally
2 OFF Not received Received normally
3 ONLY YES
NOT RECEIVED
61
Use this choice to receive I-Calls
together with normal
talkgroup traffic.
This is the BC250D default
Use this setting to listen to I-Calls,
and block all talkgroup reception.
For quick access to this mode,
press . (decimal) then RSM.
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 62
You can hold any I-Call IDs. Because you can only hold on
one ID, and there are two IDs involved in any I-Call
communication (the transmitting and the receiving units), you
might not hear the full conversation, but you probably will.
☞
In Search mode, when you hear an interesting I-Call,
you can enter the instant shortcut . (decimal key)
then RSM to enter I-Call Only mode. This blocks all
talkgroup traffic and lets you hear just the I-Call.
To return to normal reception, you must use the Menu
system to select the ON or OFF option.
Note: When storing I-Call IDs, remember that the ID will be
for only one of the units – either the transmitting or
receiving unit. Unless you specifically want to receive a
certain ID, it might be better to use the special code in
the HINT below.
I-CALLS IN SCAN AND HOLD MODE
You can store I-Call IDs in Scan Lists, just like talkgroup IDs,
for use by ID Scan and Scan Hold modes. To program a
specific I-Call Unit ID into a Scan Lists:
EDACS or Motorola Type 1
Press . (decimal key) followed by the Unit ID digits,
then E.
Motorola Type 2
Press 7 followed by the Unit ID digits, then E.
HINT - There is a special code to let you receive all I-Call
IDs with a single Scan Lists entry. Simply press .
(decimal key), 0, E. This will store the special code
i0 in an EDACS Scan Lists, or 700000 in a
Motorola Scan Lists or Digital. Then, whenever you
Scan this entry, or select it in Hold mode, the scanner
will receive any active I-Calls, regardless of the Unit
IDs.
Note: Motorola I-CALL tracking performance may vary
between systems.
Multi-Track
The BC250D allows you to track more than one system at a
time. Here are some highlights of this feature:
❖
You can actually track up to 10 trunking systems at
one time.
❖
You can trunk, scan, or search and scan conventional
frequencies at the same time.
❖
You can program conventional frequencies in the same
bank as trunking systems.
62
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 63
After the scanner finishes checking a trunked system
for activity, it will conventionally scan the other
frequencies in the bank (remember, only trunking
frequencies are programmed in Trunk mode).
To scan a mix of trunking and conventional banks, select the
banks you wish to be active, and then press SCAN. The
scanner will instantly begin scanning. If you have not
programmed a trunking bank with talkgroup ID’s, you will
receive NO ID (----) message for that bank.
You can switch to Search mode and the scanner will search
for any active ID’s on the system.
Note: To switch ID Scan or ID Search, press and hold
TRUNK in the trunked system.
Multi-Track Operational Details
When more than one trunk system is active (for example two
or more trunked systems or a trunked system and one or
more conventional frequencies), the radio jumps between
systems/frequencies as follows:
TRUNK SCAN: The scanner moves to a trunked system
and looks for IDs in your Scan List(s) for up to 1 second.
If it finds no activity on your programmed talkgroups, it
moves on to conventional channels in the same bank or to
the next active bank.
If the scanner finds that a talkgroup in one of your active
Scan Lists, you will begin to hear that communication and
the scanner will of course display the proper talkgroup
number and any alpha tag. When the communication
ends, the scanner will wait for 2 seconds for any further
replies and, if none, the scanner will move to the
conventional channels in the same bank or to the next
bank. The scanner will not look for any other IDs within the
same trunked system (as this would slow the scan
process). If you press RSM while you are listening to one
ID, the scanner will check to see if another ID in your Scan
List is active. It will disregard the ID to which you were just
monitoring.
TRUNK SEARCH: This mode works similarly to Trunk
Scan. If the scanner finds any (non-locked-out) ID when
it checks the control channel, you will hear it. You will then
hear any replies that follow within 2 seconds. After that the
scanner will move on and not continuously search the
system for additional IDs (on busy systems you would never
leave the system if this were the case). If you press the
RSM key while monitoring one ID, the radio will check if any
other IDs are active (it will disregard the ID you just left),
and if none are active, it will move on.
63
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 64
EDACS® Reception
EDACS® Tracking
TrunkTracker III now allows tracking of EDACS® trunked
systems. Until now these widely used systems have been
almost impossible to monitor with a conventional scanner.
With your TrunkTracker III listening to EDACS(s) is
remarkably easy, and perhaps even easier than conventional
scanning.
EDACS systems use 'Transmission Trunking', which means
that each transmission is assigned a new frequency. As the
conversation moves through the system's frequencies, your
TrunkTracker III automatically follows it.
This chart shows a 30 second sample of EDACS
transmissions. Eight different talkgroups are using the system
as their transmissions switch between the thirteen system
frequencies.
Notice how the dotted line shows talkgroup 02-023 moving
from channel to channel. Your BC250D can clearly and
automatically follow this talkgroup, or any other, as you select.
EDACS systems are organized in a logical way that keeps
related talkgroups together. Your scanner is designed to take
maximum advantage of this organization to make your
scanning easy. It lets you zero in on just the part of the
system you want to hear, whether it is an individual channel
or an entire department or city.
Programming EDACS System Frequencies
When you program EDACS frequencies, it is critical that you
store each one in the CORRECT LOCATION. By the nature
of EDACS systems this is necessary for tracking. This often is
not the frequency order, so you must be sure you have the
right sequence. Sources for this information can be found at
scanner.uniden.com.
64
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 65
An EDACS® Trunked system
This chart shows how talkgroups are
organized within an EDACS system
at the Agency level. The individual
talkgroups cannot be shown at this
scale because there are over 2000.
However the chart can show the 16
Agencies in this example. The system is
logical and easy to understand. EDACS
systems are typically arranged in an
outline structure.
The system users are given blocks of
talkgroups. Sizes vary but most large
cities and other agencies have blocks of
128 channels. Smaller cities have only
64 or 32 channels.
In this example, the County Sheriff is
agency 01. The city of Sullivan is
Agency 03. Adams Hill and Matthew
Junction share Agency 08.
Your scanner shows EDACS talkgroups
in AFS (Agency-Fleet-Subfleet) format.
This helps you see, at a glance, who
you are monitoring. And with the partialentry feature you can easily include
nearby, related channels in the same
Fleet or Agency. You can just as easily
exclude entire unwanted Fleets and
Agencies.
When in Search mode, with the system frequencies
programmed, and your scanner locked to the control channel,
you can select a desired city by keying in the Agency part of
the AFS talkgroup. For example, you can select the entire city
of Sullivan with 4 key presses 0, 3, . (decimal key),
SEARCH.
When you hear an interesting talkgroup, capture it to your
Scan List by pressing TRNSFR and E during the
transmission.
Or hold on it by pressing the HOLD/MAN key.
If you want to monitor the Sullivan Police Dispatch channel
(which is talk group 03-062), press 0, 3, . (decimal key),
0, 6, 2, RSM or SCAN.
Your scanner can also work in decimal format.
This talkgroup in decimal format is 434. But decimal format does
not give you any information about the system hierarchy.
65
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 66
For example Sullivan, in decimal, uses channels from 384 to
511. This is not as easy to remember as Agency 03.
But decimal is useful if you need to work from decimal talkgroup
lists. To turn Emargency Alert ON/OFF, enter into the Menu
mode. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK -select bank
number-9:EMERGENCY ALT / 1:ON or 2:OFF by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
Special EDACS® Features
AFS Partial Entry Feature
AFS is Uniden's method of encoding EDACS talkgroups.
AFS stands for 'Agency-Fleet-Subfleet'.
AFS talkgroups are used in all EDACS reception -- in ID
Search, ID Lockout and ID Scan Scan Lists. The powerful AFS
Partial Entry feature designed into the BC250D lets you use
either a complete talkgroup code, or just the most significant
part.
This feature lets you expand or
narrow searching and
scanning to one of 4 levels.
By entering only the desired part
of an AFS talkgroup,
you can select 2048 talkgroups,
128 talkgroups, 8 talkgroups, or a
single talkgroup.
For example, you could program every talkgroup in a police
department with just 4 key presses. You can use the AFS
Partial Entry feature anywhere that you need to specify
EDACS talkgroup.
Your BC250D can also enter or display EDACS talkgroups in
decimal format (0-2047).
Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK - select Bank
number - / 0:EDCS ID FORM by rotating the VFO and
pressing E. And change it to 2:DECIMAL and press E. You
can use this feature to translate decimal talkgroups lists to the
much more powerful AFS format.
Examples of how you might use AFS are shown above in the
description of an EDACS trunked system, and elsewhere in
this manual. It is very easy to use. Be sure to become familiar
with AFS Partial Entry, and your scanning will become far
more flexible and efficient.
Emergency Call Alert
Your BC250D alerts you when an EDACS Emergency
transmission occurs.
66
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 67
EDACS systems often provide users with an 'Emergency'
mode on their radios. Users in trouble can alert the dispatcher
and other units and get priority access to the radio system.
When a user activates Emergency mode, EMERGENCY will
flash the display during the entire transmission. At the
beginning of each transmission it will sound a distinctive
emergency alert tone three times. To turn Emergency Alert
ON/OFF, enter into the Menu mode. Select 2:SCAN
OPTION / 2:TRUNK - select Bank number 9:EMERGENCY ALT / 1:ON or 2:OFF by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
Patch Tracking
The BC250D can follow EDACS patched talkgroups.
EDACS systems sometimes bring several talkgroups together
in a 'Patch'. A patch might be used by a police agency at night
to provide a single channel with a single dispatcher for a wide
area. A patch is created when a single, temporary talkgroup
substitutes for the original talkgroups. While the patch is
running, which may be for hours or days, the original
talkgroups cease to be used. If you were monitoring one of
these talkgroups, you might think there was no traffic, but in
fact the talkgroup was operating at the different temporary
number.
If a talkgroup in your Scan List is patched, your scanner will
continue to receive it under its new identity until the patch has
ended. When a patch is being received, the radio will display
PATCH ID, and will show the temporary common talkgroup
plus all the included talkgroups in a cycling display.
The BC250D is limited to following two patches.
The temporary talkgroups used for patches are usually found
in AFS code 15-xxx, and sometimes 00-xxx.
EDACS SCAT
With the EDACS SCAT feature turned “ON”, the data stream
transmissions will be eliminated allowing you to clearly
monitor the voice communications on EDACS SCAT systems.
To monitor EDACS SCAT systems you only need to turn this
feature 8:EDCS SCT. ON with designated frequency.
You do not need to enter group ID’s.
Note: As EDACS SCAT is different from the other tracking
feature, and it is not a feature which the scanner
tracks any ID, you do not need to program Talk Group
ID in the Menu mode.
67
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 68
LTR® Reception
LTR® Tracking
LTR® (Logic Trunked Radio) systems are trunking systems
used primarily by business or private communications service
providers, such as taxicabs, delivery trucks, and repair
services. These systems encode all trunking information as
digital subaudible data that accompanies each transmission.
Users on an LTR system are assigned to specific talkgroups,
which are identified by the radio as six digit numbers.
These numbers are in the form AHHUUU, where:
A= Area code (0 or 1)
H= Home repeater (01 through 20)
U= User ID (000 through 254)
When the scanner receives a transmission on a channel set
to the LTR mode, it first decodes the LTR data included with
the transmission. In the ID Search mode, the scanner stops
on the transmission and displays the talkgroup ID on the
display. In the ID Scan mode, the scanner only stops on the
transmission if the LTR data matches a talkgroup ID that you
have stored in the bank’s talkgroup ID list and have not
locked out.
LTR systems are frequently programmed so that each radio
has a unique ID code.
68
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 69
Motorola Reception
Motorola Tracking
There are really two types of Motorola trunking systems.
These are usually referred to as Type I and Type II systems.
Type I only occurs on some 800 MHz systems. All VHF, UHF
and 900 MHz trunking systems use Type II.
One important distinction between these two systems is the
amount of data transmitted by each radio when its push-totalk button (PTT) is pressed. Every radio in a trunked system
is assigned a unique ID so the central site computer can
identify it when it’s used. Both Type I and Type II systems
place radios (or radio users) into groups, called talkgroups,
and these talkgroups are also assigned unique IDs. Some
radios have access to only one talkgroup, while others have
access to many talkgroups. The talkgroup(s) each radio can
access is called the radio’s affiliation(s).
In a Type II system, when someone uses their radio, only the
radio ID is transmitted when PTT is pressed, whereas in a
Type I system the radio ID and its current affiliation are both
transmitted when PTT is pressed.
Why the difference? Type II systems are slightly more
advanced because the central computer maintains a database
which is used to determine each radio’s affiliation(s).
Changes to a Type II system are easier than Type I because
the system manager only needs to update the database
instead of reprogramming individual radios.
Another difference between the systems is that Type I
systems are arranged in a Fleet-Subfleet hierarchy.
For example, its possible for a city using a Type I system to
designate 4 Fleets, each with 8 Subfleets. Their fleets might
be the Police Department, the Fire Department, Utilities, and
Administration. The Police may decide to further divide their
fleet into subfleets such as Dispatch, Tactical Operations,
Detectives, North, South, East and West Side Patrols, and
Supervisors. All the available police radios would then be
assigned to one of the police subfleets. Determining the exact
Fleet-Subfleet hierarchy for a particular area is referred to as
Fleet Map Programming, which is discussed further in this
manual.
The disadvantage of a Type I system is that when PTT is
pressed, the brief burst of data must contain the radio’s ID
and its Fleet and Subfleet. This is three times the amount of
data a Type II system radio sends, and as a result Type I
69
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 70
systems usually accommodate fewer users than Type II
systems.
Even though there are many Type II systems, Type I systems
are still in use. There are also Hybrid systems which are a
combination of both Type I and Type II. Your scanner defaults
to monitor Type II systems, but its possible to select a
Preprogrammed Fleet Map or create a Custom Fleet Map for
your area.
For VHF and UHF Type II trunking systems, you will need to
know the base, spacing frequencies and offset channels.
See page 72 for details.
Fleet Map Programming
If you have programmed a trunk tracking bank for Motorola
type and press SCAN to start Multi-Track, you will see user
IDs display on the display. Since the BC250D defaults to Type
II systems, all the IDs will appear as numbers. However, if you
notice a mix of odd and even user IDs, for example 6477,
2560, 6481, 6144, 1167, etc., then you are probably
monitoring either a Type I or Hybrid systems. These systems
are applied only when STATUS BIT is OFF (see page 73).
You may also notice that you are missing responses when
you hold on an active ID. Unlike Type II, Type I/Hybrid
systems require a Fleet Map that sets specific Fleet-Subfleet
parameters. It is easy to select a Fleet Map for your scanner;
what is not always easy is selecting or programming a map
that matches your particular area.
There are 16 preset Fleet Maps listed in the appendix that
you can choose, and these are usually a good place to start
when setting up a Type I/Hybrid trunk tracking bank. If you
choose a preset map and still have difficulty following
complete conversations, then you'll have to program your own
Fleet Map.
Selecting Preset Fleet Map
M 001
1. Select 2:TYPE1 for the Trunk Type. 867.8375 NFM
1:TYPE2 800
(Refer to "Selecting or Changing
Trunking System Type" on page 49.) 2:TYPE1
2. Select the map you want to
program by rotating the VFO and
pressing E.
M 001
867.8375 NFM
SELECT
PRESET1
The scanner returns to the other programming items.
70
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 71
Note: You will now begin to see Type I Fleet-Subfleet IDs.
For example, 100-12, 100-9, 000-12, 400-8, etc.
See "User Defined Fleet Maps in the Appendix" for
more information about Type I IDs.
How do you know if the preset map is correct? You will have
to listen to see if you're following complete conversations.
If not, you should try another preset map.
Programming a Fleet Map
You may want to read "User Defined Fleet Maps" in the
Appendix before programming a Fleet Map. It contains a
detailed explanation of Scanner Fleet Map Programming, as
well as a table listing the Fleet Map Size Codes.
1. Select 2:TYPE1 for the Trunk Type.
M 001
867.8375 NFM
(Refer to "Selecting or Changing
Trunking System Type" on page 49.) 1:TYPE2 800
2. Select USER CUSTOM by rotating
the VFO and pressing E.
2:TYPE1
M 001
867.8375 NFM
3. Select the size code for the first block SELECT FLEET MAP
USER CUSTOM
by rotating the VFO.
4. Press E.
The next available block displays.
5. Repeat step 3 and 4 until you have
selected a size code for each block.
For details about each size code,
see "Fleet Map Size Codes"
in the Appendix.
M 001
867.8375 NFM
BLOCK 0
SIZE CODE 0
Programming a Hybrid System
A Hybrid system is simply a Type I system with some blocks
designated as Type II blocks. To program a Hybrid system,
follow the steps listed in "Programming a Fleet Map" in the
previous section. However, if you want a block to be Type II,
select Size Code S-0.
When you begin searching a trunking bank with a Hybrid Fleet
Map, you will see both types of system IDs. That is, Type II
IDs usually appear as an even number without a dash; Type I
IDs appear as a three or four digit number, followed by a
hyphen, followed by a one or two digit number.
71
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 72
Setting the Base, Spacing Frequencies and
Offset Channel for Motorola
VHF/UHF Trunked Systems
To properly track Motorola VHF and UHF trunked systems
you must enter what is known as the base, the spacing
frequencies and offset channels for each system.
To find these out, check the scanner.uniden.com or
www.bearcat1.com/free.htm and other web sites and
frequency resources.
To enter the Base, Spacing Frequencies and Offset Channel:
(You can set up to three sets of these, but almost all systems
only use one set)
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
3. Select the bank number by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
4. Select 1:TRUNK TYPE /1:ON / 4:TYPE2 UHF or
5:TYPE2 VHF by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
M
406.0000
ENTER FREQUENCY
6. Enter a new Base Frequency with the BASE FREQUENCY 1
5. Select BASE CONFIG from 1 - 3 by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
keypad.
7. Press E.
The display changes for entering the
Spacing Frequency.
8. Enter a new Spacing Frequency with
the keypad.
M
50.0
ENTER FREQUENCY
SPACE FREQUENCY1
Note: You can only enter within a range of 5-100 kHz, and
5 or 7.5 or 12.5 kHz multiples.
9. Press E.
The display changes for entering the Offset Channel.
10. Enter a new Offset Channel with the
keypad. The Offset Channel for the
first set should be CH380.
Note: You can only input within a range
of 380-759.
M
CH 380
ENTER CHANNEL
OFFSET CHANNEL1
11. Press E.
The display changes for entering the Base Frequency.
12. To exit from this mode, press MENU/BACK repeatedly.
72
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 73
Note: • If the system is not tracking properly, you may need
to try a new Base Frequency or Offset Channel or
you may be missing frequencies from the system.
• You can set up to three Base, Spacing and Offsets
for Motorola VHF/UHF trunked systems.
Toggling the Status Bit
On Type II trunking systems there is a method by which
specialized types of communications utilize unique talkgroup
numbers. An emergency call will occur on a unique talkgroup
from its primary assignment, for example. Because the
BC250D defaults to Status-Bit ON mode, you never need to
worry about missing these transmissions. If you have
programmed talkgroup 33264 into Scan List memory, for
example, and there is an emergency call within the group,
you will hear it on 33264.
The only time you may wish to turn Status Bits OFF is if
you're trying to figure out the proper Fleet Map of a Type I
trunking system. To turn Status Bits OFF, enter into the Menu
mode and select 2:SCAN OPTION / 2:TRUNK - select
bank number - / 9:STATUS BIT. (This feature does not
apply to EDACS and LTR operation within the scanner.) Then
rotate the VFO to change the setting (1:ON to 2:OFF) and
press E to program your change.
Control Channel Only Mode
When this function is activated, trunking is performed using
Control Channel data only. Voice channel (also known as
"DATA channel") frequencies do not have to be programmed
into memory. This feature only applies to Motorola 800 MHz
and 900 MHz systems.
To turn this function on, choose Motorola 1:TYPE2 800
or 3:TYPE2 900 or 2:TYPE1 in the Menu mode. Then
set to the desired control plan by selecting 2:SCAN
OPTION / 2:TRUNK - select bank number - / :CNTRL
CH ONLY.
You must choose one of 4 frequency plans (only when 800
MHz systems is selected) before you begin to Control
Channel Trunk. The default, Plan 1, is the most common.
Read the description of the Plans below for details on which
may apply for you.
PLAN 1: Use Plan 1 if the last three digits of ALL the
frequencies in use end in one of the following three digits:
125, 375, 625, or 875 (example: 856.1125, 860.7375,
859.6625, 855.8875).
73
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 74
PLAN 2: If the last three digits of frequencies are less than
869.0000 and end in one of the following three digits (125,
375, 625, or 875) and if ANY other frequencies end in (000,
250, 500, or 750) use Plan 2.
PLAN 3: If the last three digits of ALL the frequencies in
use end in one of the following three digits (000, 250, 500,
or 750) use Plan 3.
PLAN 4: If the last three digits of frequencies are less than
866.0000 and end in one of the following three digits (000,
250, 500, or 750) and if ANY other frequencies end in (125,
375, 625, or 875) use Plan 4.
Of course you will know the Control Channel frequency itself
so that will help you determine the proper plan. If you try one
plan and you receive errors (such as the scanner jumping to
channels that are obviously not part of the system), you
should try an alternate Plan.
Note: In Chain Search mode, Control Channel Trunk is
activated in the Menu mode (See page 18). You must
choose one of 4 frequency plans. This plan applies
only when the scanner searches the 800 MHz range.
Since a default plan is automatically used when the
scanner searches the 900 MHz range, a user does
not need to select a plan.
Note: You can assign a Fleet Map to TYPE 1 or Hybrid
systems scanned in Control Channel Only mode by
going into the Menu. You can also program IDs, set a
delay, alpha tags and all the other parameters for
systems scanned in this mode. You can then either
search the system to find new IDs or you can
program IDs into memory and then scan them.
Note: The Control Channel Only feature is an extremely
powerful tool. You can use it to determine if systems
you are familiar with may have added new
frequencies or you can use it to discover new
systems by simply finding active control channels
(using Search) and then programming them for
Control Channel operation only.
Remember that this feature only applies to Motorola
800 and 900 MHz systems, that you do have to set
the Menu for the proper system type (800 MHz of
Type 1 or Type 2 or 900 MHz) and you do have to
program the Control Channel frequency into Memory.
74
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 75
Disconnect Tone Detect Option (End Code)
When this function is disabled, the radio looks for squelch
before returning to the Control Channel instead of waiting for
the Disconnect Tone. Only in rare instances will you need to
adjust the default settings.
The condition to return to Control Channels depends on
whether the signal is present or not.
To set this function to ON / OFF, select 2:SCAN OPTION
/ 2:TRUNK - select bank number - / 0:END CODE.
Select 1:DETECT or 2:IGNORE.
75
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 76
APCO Project 25
Reception
APCO Project 25 is a modulation process where voice
communications are converted into digital communications.
This conversion is similar to the technology used with digital
mobile phones. There are several types of Project 25 systems
available! Systems the Uniden BC250D supports are listed
below.
- Conventional – one frequency with digital voice.
- Trunked with analog control channel and digital voice –
Many frequencies shared by many departments and the
control channel is analog with digital voice. Control channel
operates at 3600 Baud.
- Mixed mode – trunked (3600) system with an analog control
channel alternating / mixing analog and digital voice
communications.
Note:
Do not install the APCO card with the AC Adapter
connected.
Installing the APCO P-25 Card
1. Turn OFF the
scanner, and open
the cover.
2. Carefully unplug the
battery pack.
3. Insert the APCO card
with the label (the
side “APCO P-25
DIGITAL CARD” is
printed) facing up as
shown.
4. Carefully connect the
battery pack,
matching the red and
black wires with the
corresponding
Red/Black plug.
76
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 77
5. Replace the cover and press down until it clicks into place,
and then turn ON the scanner.
APCO P25 CARD INSTALLED appears on the
display.
Installation is complete. You can monitor APCO Project 25
systems.
To use the P-25 card, you must program each channel for
Conventional mode or Trunking mode.
- Conventional mode–See “Storing Frequencies into Channels
in Menu Mode” pages 26-27.
- Trunking mode –“Programming and Receiving Digital and
Trunked Systems” pages 49-51.
Precautions for Installing the BCi25D Card
1. Do not touch the BCi25D card without first removing the
static electricity from your body. To do this, touch any
metal object to release static electricity build-up before you
touch the BCi25D card.
2. Turn OFF the scanner, before inserting the BCi25D card
into the slot.
3. Hold the BCi25D card by its edges when inserting it into
the slot.
4. Do not touch any of the terminals. The BCi25D is a
sensitive electrical device.
5. Do not operate with an open battery compartment cover.
This exposes the circuitry to dust and other environmental
particles that causes the unit to function improperly.
6. When you remove the BCi25D card, pull out the card by
the ribbon.
Turning ON/OFF the APCO P-25 Card
Once the P-25 Card has been installed, the P-25 Card will be
actively turned “ON”. To turn the P-25 Card “ON” or “OFF”
follow these instructions:
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 0:P-25 CARD by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 0:P-25 CARD / 1:ENABLE or 2:DISABLE
by rotating the VFO and pressing E for your desired
operation.
77
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 78
APCO P-25 Sound Quality Fine Tuning
With each APCO Project 25 system, particularly at 800MHz,
the sound quality (C4FM Demodulation Threshold) may need
to be fine tuned specifically for that system. If the scanner is
not adjusted correctly, the P-25 voice transmissions will sound
robotic or unintelligible.
To adjust the sound quality to match the P-25 system you
want to monitor follow these four steps:
1. While monitoring a specific APCO P-25 frequency,
press the HOLD/MAN key.
Note: In the Trunking mode, press the TRUNK key
instead of the HOLD/MAN key.
2. Press and hold the number 9 key.
3. On Line 1 of the screen you will see SOUND
QULTY: 0050 (for example).
SOUND QULTY:0050
867.8375 P25
Low Mid Upp
0533 1985 3342
This shows the Sound Quality. The lower the level the
better the Sound Quality. For better Sound Quality
rotate the VFO up or down. As the threshold adjusts in
increments of 50 at the bottom of the screen watch the
Sound Quality level increase or decrease and continue
to rotate the VFO until you have achieved the lowest
Sound Quality level.
Note: • When APCO P-25 signal is not received,
SOUND QULTY: **** appears on the
display.
• You must have the BCi25D card installed and
have an APCO P-25 signal during this
adjustment.
- A chart showing the Threshold Adjustment
Range is listed below.
Threshold Adjustment Range
Band
800MHz
UHF
VHF
Min
33
33
330
Lower
Default
533
633
930
Max
1883
1883
2130
Mid
Default
1985
1985
2147
Min
1992
1992
2264
Upper
Default
3342
3342
3464
Max
3842
3842
4064
Note: • The above Min and Max values are
the calculated values that can be
78
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 79
assigned theoretically, and the values
are not to guarantee the operation of
the unit.
• The Mid threshold value will not change while
adjusting the upper and lower limits.
4. Once you have adjusted the Sound Quality to the
lowest possible level, press the E key.
Press the RSM key to exit the Sound Quality
Adjustment Mode.
* To cancel the adjusted threshold level, press .
(Decimal) key.
* The adjusted threshold level for the current frequency
can be set back to the default value by pressing and
holding the . (Decimal) key.
* When you change the Sound Quality it affects all
other APCO P-25 signals in that same band. (UHF,
VHF, or 800MHz)
* You cannot enter the “Sound Quality Fine Tuning”
mode when the scanner is operating as follows:
1)
2)
3)
4)
The receiving frequency is 0 MHz.
Air Band Frequency
BCi25D card is not inserted
BCi25D / P-25 monitoring is disabled
79
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 80
Remote Interface
You can communicate and program your BC250D in
numerous ways with peripheral devices using the Remote
Interface Cable port. This radio offers the following modes:
❖ PC Control Mode
Program and control your scanner from a PC using
Uniden’s E-Scanner software.
❖ Clone Mode
Clone all the frequencies, trunking talkgroups, and fleet
maps programmed into your scanner to another BC250D
scanner or BC785D.
PC Control Mode
To connect Scanner to PC:
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
Plug the smaller end of the supplied Remote Interface Cable
into the remote port in accordance with the direction of the
mark which is on the right side of the scanner. Plug the other
end of the cable (DB-9 serial connector) into a personal
computer’s serial port. A few PC’s may require an adapter,
most will not. Of course, make sure your PC is turned ON.
To program your scanner:
You can program and control your scanner remotely from
a PC using Uniden’s E-Scanner software.
After connecting the scanner to a PC, turn the scanner ON.
To use the Remote (PC Control) mode, you must install
Uniden’s E-Scanner software and use as directed. Make sure
that your scanner is connected to the serial port of the PC
using the Remote Interface Cable.
80
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 81
Start Remote Mode and Change Transfer Speed:
Through the Menu system, select
3:SYSTEM OPTION / 5:PC
CONTROL by rotating the VFO and
pressing E. To start Remote mode,
choose from the transfer speed list
except for 5:OFF.
SPEED
3:9600 bps
4:19200 bps
5:OFF
A unique feature of the BC250D is that all the front panel keys
as well as the VFO on the radio remain operational in Remote
mode.
For information on purchasing cables, connectors, and EScanner software to program and control your BC250D, you
can contact the following:
Uniden Parts Department (800) 554-3988
(Hours are from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Central Time
Monday through Friday)
scanner.uniden.com
PC Control Parameter
For your information:
Transfer speed : 2400/4800/9600/19200 bps (adjustable)
Start/Stop
: 1 bit, 1 bit
Data Length
: 8 bit
Parity bit
: None
Code
: ASCII code
Flow Control
: None
Return Code
: Carriage Return only
Clone Mode
You will need to purchase a Gender Changer and a null
modem adapter. Gender Changer cables are available as
male to male or male to female. Even if the Gender Changer
you buy already has the male to male connectors, you will still
have to have the null modem adapter. On the next page you
will see the pin connections that are internal to a standard
device. (These items are available at your local electronics
stores.)
81
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 82
To connect the Scanner to Scanner:
Null Modem Adapter
Pin connections
Plug the smaller end of each of the
supplied Remote Interface Cables into the
remote ports in accordance with the
direction of the
marks which are on the
right sides of each of the two scanners.
Female
DB9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Plug the other ends of the cables (DB-9
serial connector) together using a DB-9 to
DB-9 null modem adapter, and a Gender
Changer Cable available at most computer stores.
Male
DB9
4
3
2
6&1
5
4
8
7
Not used
CH/
FRQ
CH/
FRQ
HOLD/
MAN
HOLD/
MAN
RSM
SCAN
SERVICE
MENU/BACK
RSM
SCAN
SEARCH
SERVICE
SEARCH
MENU/BACK
TRUNK
TRUNK
L/O
L/O
REVERSE
SELECT
REVERSE
SELECT
.
E
.
E
You can clone all of the programming of one BC250D into
another, including frequencies, talkgroup IDs, alpha tags,
delay settings, etc. After connecting the two scanners,
turn the radios ON. Prepare each scanner for clone mode as
follows.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 6:CLONE by rotating
the VFO and pressing E.
3. Determine the scanner that has the frequency data that
you want to transfer. This one must be set up as the
"Master Unit", and the other must be set as the "Slave
Unit".
4. On the scanner that is the "Master
Unit", select MASTER, then press E.
5. On the scanner that is the "Slave
Unit", select SLAVE, then press E.
CLONE
SELECT UNIT
MASTER
SLAVE
CLONE
SELECT UNIT
MASTER
SLAVE
82
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 83
6. Press SCAN on both scanners.
The data transfer begins from the
Master Unit to the Slave Unit.
CLONE
== >
MASTER UNIT
During the data transfer, both
scanners show the following
displays.
CLONE
When the data transfer is complete,
COMPLETE displays.
CLONE
== <
SLAVE UNIT
COMPLETE
MASTER UNIT
If the data transfer is not successful,
the following error message will
appear.
CLONE
ERROR
MASTER UNIT
Note: To clear ERROR, press . (decimal key).
To exit the Clone mode, press MENU/BACK
repeatedly.
Note: Once you have completed the cloning of the scanners,
reset the scanners by turning the scanners OFF and
then ON again. This is particularly important to know if
you wish to Clone another scanner right away.
83
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 84
Additional Features
The following additional features are designed for you to
customize your scanner. Once these features have been
turned ON or OFF, they will remain as they are set until you
reset them, even if you turn the scanner OFF and then ON
again.
Dimmer
To change brightness of the display:
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 1:DIMMER /
1:DIMMER LIGHT by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
3. Select one from 1:HIGH or 2:MEDIUM by rotating the
VFO and pressing E.
To change lighting time:
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 1:DIMMER /
2:DIMMER TIME by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:15 SECONDS or 2:INFINITE by rotating
the VFO and pressing E.
Enter Lock
You can lockout the keypad to prevent re-programming of
channels, talkgroups and tones (see page 92).
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 4:ENTER LOCK by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON by rotating the VFO and pressing E.
Key Lock
Key Lock prevents accidental key entries except the following
keys (KEYLOCK, HOLD/MAN and RSM).
1. Press and hold
for 2 seconds to turn KEYPAD
LOCK ON or KEYPAD LOCK OFF , and then you will
hear two beeps.
If you press any key (except KEYLOCK, HOLD/MAN and
RSM) when Key Lock is ON, KEYPAD LOCK ON
appears on the display.
84
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 85
Key Beep Option
To choose key beep sound 1:ON or 2:OFF:
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 3:KEY BEEP by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON or 2:OFF by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
Screen Mask
The trunk, frequency, receiving mode, and signal meter
indications on the display are masked when this feature is
activated (except while in Search mode). This feature reduces
the amount of displayed information.
Note: While Screen Mask is ON, Enter Lock is active.
1. Press MENU/BACK.
2. Select 3:SYSTEM OPTION / 2:SCREEN MASK by
rotating the VFO and pressing E.
3. Select 1:ON or 2:OFF by rotating the VFO and pressing
E.
Reverse Mode
This key will allow you to observe the reverse frequency of
the repeater. While pressing REVERSE, the standard pair
frequency will be displayed. For a list of the standard pair
frequencies, refer to the table "Reverse List" in the Appendix.
If the frequency that you have chosen does not have an offset
frequency, the display will indicate ERROR and NO
REVERSE. This feature does not work in the Weather
Search mode.
Channel Step Selection
You can set channel steps, 5 kHz - 100 kHz or Auto, in
Conventional mode or Chain Search mode. The default
receive mode should be the proper mode setting in almost
all cases. You may wish to set some VHF channels for NFM
mode, depending on any adjacent channel interference
problems. WFM is typically only used for broadcast
frequencies such as TV audio or FM radio.
See STEPS in "Menu Description" for details.
Mute On/Off
To manually turn ON the Mute function, press and hold MUTE
until MUTE ON is displayed.
85
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 86
You will not hear any audio. This feature does not function in
the WX Alert mode, because the audio is already muted. To
turn it OFF, press and hold MUTE again.
Receiving Mode Selection
You can also set the receiving mode, AM or FM etc., in
Conventional mode or Chain Search mode.
See MODE in "Menu Description" for details.
Frequency and Channel Tuning with the VFO
Control
The VFO knob can be used for stepping through frequencies
or stepping through memory channels (for Conventional
channels or Talkgroup ID Scan Lists).
To switch the setting for the VFO control, press and hold
HOLD/MAN for 2 seconds. This will change modes from
Channel to Frequencies or Frequencies to Channels.
1. In Conventional mode, when the setting for the VFO is
channel, rotate the VFO to move up (to step up through
channels) or down (to step down through channels). If you
are in Trunk Manual mode, you will step through Scan List
memory locations.
2. In Chain Search mode, when the setting for the VFO is
frequency, rotate the VFO to move up to step up through
frequencies sequentially or to down to step down through
frequencies. To change the step, you will need to go into the
Chain Search menu and adjust the step for the desired
memory location.
86
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 87
Care and Maintenance
General Use
• Turn the scanner OFF before disconnecting the power.
• Always write down the programmed frequencies in the
event of memory loss.
• If memory is lost, simply reprogram each channel.
The display shows 000.0000 in all channels when there has
been a memory loss.
• Always press each button firmly until you hear the entry
tone for that key entry, unless you have turned 2:OFF the
3:KEY BEEP in the menu system.
Location
• Do not use the scanner in high-moisture environments such
as the kitchen or bathroom.
• Avoid placing the unit in direct sunlight or near heating
elements or vents.
• If the scanner receives strong interference or electrical
noise, move it or its antenna away from the source of the
noise. If possible, a higher elevation, may provide better
reception.
Cleaning
• Disconnect the power to the unit before cleaning.
• Clean the outside of the scanner with a mild detergent.
To prevent scratches, do not use abrasive cleaners or
solvents. Be careful not to rub the LCD window.
• Do not use excessive amounts of water.
Repairs
• Do not attempt any repair. The scanner contains no user
serviceable parts. Contact the Uniden Customer Service
Center or take it to a qualified repair technician.
Birdies
• All radios can receive birdies (undesired signals). If your
scanner stops during Scan mode and no sound is heard, it
may be receiving a birdie. Birdies are internally generated
signals inherent in the electronics of the receiver.
Press L/O to lockout the channel, and then press RSM
to resume scanning.
87
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 88
Troubleshooting
If your BC250D is not performing properly, try the following
steps.
Problem
Suggestion
Scanner won't work.
1. Check the connections at both ends of the AC Adapter.
2. Turn ON the wall switch of your room. You could be
using an outlet controlled by the wall switch.
3. Move the AC Adapter to another wall outlet.
4. Check to see if Key Lock is ON (see page 84).
Improper reception.
1. Check the antenna connection.
2. Move the scanner.
3. You may be in a remote area which could require an
optional multi-band antenna. Check with your dealer or
local electronics store.
Scan won't stop.
1. Adjust squelch threshold - refer to page 15, "Setting the
Squelch".
2. Check the antenna connection.
3. Check to see if many of the channels are Locked Out.
If so, the scanner has less chance of finding an
active channel.
4. Review each channels frequency to see if it is still
stored in Memory and is correct.
5. Its possible that none of the programmed frequencies
are currently active.
Scan won't start.
1. Press the SCAN key again.
2. Adjust the SQUELCH control.
3. Check to see if all channels are Locked Out.
Weather Scan won't work. 1. Adjust squelch threshold - refer to page 15, "Setting the
Squelch".
2. Check the antenna.
If you experience difficulty while in TrunkTracker mode, try the
following steps.
Problem
Scanner won't track.
Suggestion
1. Missing the Data Frequency
.
2. Change to a Type 1 Scanner setup.
Review "Fleet Map Programming" on page 70.
Scanner won't stop
during Scan List mode.
2. The IDs you have stored are not active.
1. No IDs have been programmed.
Scanner will not acquire
data channel.
1. Adjust the squelch for Trunking mode.
See page 54.
2. Missing the frequency used for the data channel.
Check your frequency list.
Missing replies
to conversations.
1. Change to a Type 1 scanner setup .
Review "Fleet Map Programming" on page 70.
2. Try another Preset Fleet Map or Program your own
Fleet Map.
3. Check to see that all of the systems frequencies
have been entered.
Channel Activity
Indicators are flashing
but no sound is heard.
1. May be a telephone interconnect call, which are
intentionally blocked by your scanner.
2. The ID on your display is not active .
Scanner not tracking
an EDACS system
properly.
1. Logical channel numbers (frequencies) for the system
are not programmed in the correct order.
Check frequency resources and reprogram.
2. Not all frequencies for the system are programmed.
Check frequency resources.
88
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 89
Problem
Suggestion
APCO P25 CARD
NOT INSTALLED
appear when the scanner
is turned ON.
1. Check to see if the P-25 Card is properly installed.
Neither APCO P25
CARD INSTALLED
nor APCO P25 CARD
NOT INSTALLED
appear when the scanner
is turned ON.
1. Check to see if the P-25 Card Mode is 1:ENABLE
or 2:DISABLE in the Menu mode.
Scratchy or robotic sound
is heard during
communications.
1. Move to a location where the signal strength is
strong.
2. Modulation accuracy of transmissions sent can be
low.
Digital communication is
not heard.
1. Verify the accuracy of the frequencies of the P-25
system you are trying to monitor.
2. You might be in a dead-spot for the P-25 system you
are trying to monitor. Check other locations in the
area.
DATA sound is heard at
the beginning of digital
communications.
1. APCO project 25 systems can send data before
voice communication.
2. Data sound can be heard when signal strength is
weak.
Robotic sound is heard.
1. Check to see if the ENC message appears on the
display.
The scanner doesn’t monitor encrypted voice
communications.
When CARD ERROR
appears every 10 seconds
while you are using P-25
Card.
1. Re-install the P-25 Card.
If you still cannot get satisfactory results while using your
scanner or if you want additional information, please call or
write the Uniden Parts and Service Division. The address and
phone number is listed in the warranty at the end of this
manual. If you would like immediate assistance, please call
Customer Service at (800)297-1023.
If you have internet access, you can visit
scanner.uniden.com for additional information.
89
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 90
Specifications
Certified in accordance with FCC Rules and Regulations Part 15,
Subpart C, as of date of manufacture.
Channel:
1000
Banks:
10 (100 channels each)
Service Bands:
12 preprogrammed search bands
(including the NOAA Weather
Service band)
Frequency Range:
25.0 - 27.995 MHz
AM
28.0 - 53.99 MHz
FM
54.0 - 71.95 MHz
WFM
72.0 - 75.995 MHz
FM
76.0 - 87.95 MHz
WFM
88.0 - 107.9 MHz
WFM
108.0 - 136.975 MHz
AM
137.0 - 161.995 MHz
FM
162.0 - 173.9875 MHz
FM
174.0 - 215.95 MHz
WFM
216.0 - 224.995 MHz
FM
225.0 - 399.95 MHz
AM
400.0 - 512.0 MHz
NFM
806.0 - 823.9875 MHz
NFM
849.0125 - 868.9875 MHz NFM
894.0125 - 956.0 MHz
NFM
1240.0 - 1300.0 MHz
NFM
–20 °C to +60 °C (–4°F to 140°F)
Operating Temperature:
Scan Rate:
100 channels per second MAX.
(conventional mode)
Search Rate:
100 steps per second MAX.
(Normal Search)
300 steps per second MAX.
(Turbo Search)
Scan Delay:
2 seconds
Audio Output:
240 mW nominal
(8Ω internal speaker)
38 mW nominal
(32Ω stereo headphone)
9 mW nominal
(64Ω earphone)
Internal Speaker:
8 ohms (36 mm outer diameter)
Power Requirements:
AD600U AC Adapter
(12V DC, 500mA)
or
4.8V DC 1500mAh (internal battery)
Antenna:
Rubber Antenna (included)
Antenna Jack:
BNC type
External Jacks:
DC 12 V Power Jack
(center is positive)
Remote Jack
Earphone Jack
Size:
65mm (W) x 45mm (D) x 153mm (H)
Weight:
350 g (12 3/8 oz.)
Features and specifications are all subject to change without notice.
90
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 91
Glossary of Terms
Alpha tag - This term refers to an alphanumeric text tag that
you can enter to describe the individual frequencies that
you have programmed. Rather than having to associate a
specific frequency to the individuals that are using it, you
can enter the actual name of the group. This will eliminate
the need for memorizing the group’s frequency.
Attenuator - This scanner comes with a feature to attenuate
or reduce the signal strength. The built-in attenuator can be
turned on specific frequencies to prevent strong signals
from overloading the scanner input, possibly damaging the
scanner or missing other transmissions due to the repeated
stopping on the stronger signal.
Clone - This term identifies the ability to set up a duplicate
scanner. This function allows you to clone all the
programming information, including frequencies, talkgroups
and alpha tags as well as bank settings and other
parameters from one BC250D to another or BC785D.
Control Channel - This is the frequency within a trunking
system that runs the system. On Control Channels
(sometimes called Data Channels) you will hear a buzz saw
sound. For the most part, it is the sound of the system’s
central computer directing talkgroups to particular voice
(working) frequencies within the system.
CTCSS - (Continuous Tone Controlled Squelch System)
refers to a system where the radio receivers are equipped
with tone responsive devices which allow audio signals to
appear at the audio output, select voice processing such as
scrambling or control repeater functions only when a carrier
modulated with a specific tone is received. This method
may be used to restrict access to the repeater or receiver,
or reduce interference where several stations with output
frequencies in close proximity of each other make it difficult
to hear the conversation you are interested in. With CTCSS
squelching, you can eliminate the possibility of hearing
unwanted conversations by selecting one of the 38 standard
subaudible tones. You will only hear those transmissions
that have been programmed on specific frequencies with
the specific subaudible tone that you have selected.
DCS - (Digital Controlled Squelch) refers to a system where
the radio receivers are equipped with data burst responsive
devices which allow audio signals to appear at the audio
output, select voice processing such as scrambling or
control repeater functions only when a carrier modulated
91
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 92
with specific data burst is received. This method may be
used to restrict access to the repeater or receiver, or reduce
interference where several stations with output frequencies
in close proximity of each other make it difficult to hear the
conversation you are interested in. With DCS squelching,
you can eliminate the possibility of hearing unwanted
conversations by selecting one of the 104 standard data
burst subaudible tones. You will only hear those
transmissions that have been programmed on specific
frequencies with the specific subaudible tone that you have
selected.
Enter Lock - This is the term used for locking the keypad.
This prevents accidental re-programming of channels and
talkgroups entered into memory. The default setting is OFF.
When ENTER LOCK is enabled, the following functions will
be disabled:
• Enter or modify the Memory Channel frequency
• Enter or modify the Tone information
• Enter or modify the Trunking ID. ( this can be modified
through the menu screen.)
FIPS Codes - For the purpose of broadcasting weather
information, the NWS (National Weather Service) has
divided the United States into regions by state and county
(or parish, where applicable) then assigned a 6 digit FIPS
code to identify each county or parish. The first digit
represents the county subdivision, the next two represents
the state, and the last three digits represent the county or
parish. Your scanner can receive all SAME alert signals
broadcasted within about a 50-mile radius of where you
install it. So if you only want to hear the counties that are
nearest to your area, you can choose specifically the FIPS
code of areas that you want. This lets you avoid hearing
warnings that apply to an area within a 50-mile radius but
not necessarily in your county or parish.
I-Call - Most communications within a trunked system are
group calls where one unit (such as a dispatcher)
communicates with all the units within her group (all the
patrol vehicles on the east side of town, for example).
The units within this group comprise what is typically known
as a talkgroup. There are some communications which are
direct unit-to-unit conversations where one individual
converses with another individual. The call is initiated by a
radio and is directed to another single radio. Within the
system, no one outside of these two users hears the
conversation. This call is referred to as I-Call.
92
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 93
Key Beep - This is another term for the tone you hear as a
keypad acknowledgement beep. The default setting is on.
If you have turned the Key Beep off, you now have a silent
keypad. You will not hear a tone each time you press a key.
NWR S.A.M.E. Weather Alert - In 1994, the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) began
broadcasting coded signals called FIPS (Federal
Information Processing System) codes along with the
standard weather broadcasts for stations in your area.
These codes identify an emergency and the specific
geographic area (such as your county) affected by the
emergency. The scanner was developed with SAME
(Specific Area Messaging Encoding) technology.
This allows you scanner to receive, interpret, and display
the information about the codes so you can determine if the
emergency might affect you area.Each FIPS code identifies
a specific geographic area (defined by the National Weather
Service) so your scanner sounds an alert only when a
weather emergency is declared in those locations.
This helps you more efficiently track the weather conditions
in and around your area.
PC Control - This term is associated with the ability to
program frequencies and other useful information via a
computer by means of third party software. You can change
the transfer speed on the scanner needed to be compatible
with your PC. (See page 81)
Scan List - When you designate a bank to be a trunking
bank, your scanner sets up 10 Scan Lists, which are simply
list of your favorite IDs. Each list can contain up to 10 IDs,
so you can store a total of 100 IDs for each trunk bank.
These lists are designed to help you organize the trunking
system users into categories.
Screen Mask - Screen Mask reduces the amount of
information that appears on the display. Alpha tags that you
have set for a channel along with a few function icons will
appear only on the display. This mode is particularly useful
in public safety vehicles where that are already overloaded
with information. Screen Mask does not work in Search
mode.
Status Bit - This term refers to Motorola Type II systems.
There is a method by which special types of
communications utilize unique talk group numbers.
For example, if all emergency calls are set to occur on a
specific talk group number then you will not miss the
transmission even if you have not programmed all the talk
group numbers. With the Status Bit on and you have
programmed the unique number, then you don’t have to
93
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 94
worry what the rest of the groups numbers are. The topic of
interest will be picked up.
Talkgroup - A group of users within a trunked system that
communicates with one another.
94
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 95
Appendix
Preset Fleet Maps
Preset Map 1
Preset Map 2
Size Code
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 3
Preset Map 4
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 5
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Size Code
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
Preset Map 6
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 7
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
Size Code
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 10
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
Preset Map 8
Size Code
SIZE CODE 10
SIZE CODE 10
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
95
Size Code
SIZE CODE 1
SIZE CODE 1
SIZE CODE 2
SIZE CODE 2
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 96
Preset Map 9
Preset Map 10
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 11
Preset Map 12
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 14
Size Code
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 15
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Size Code
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 4
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Preset Map 13
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Size Code
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 10
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
Preset Map 16
Size Code
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 4
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
Block
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
96
Size Code
SIZE CODE 3
SIZE CODE 10
SIZE CODE 10
SIZE CODE 11
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 0
SIZE CODE 12
(SIZE CODE 12)
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 97
User Defined Fleet Maps
Type I Programming Information
When a Type I system is designed, the address information
for all the IDs are divided into 8 equal sized blocks. When you
program your scanner to track a Type I system, you must
select a size code for each of these blocks. When you have
assigned a size code to all 8 blocks, you have defined the
Fleet Map for the system you're tracking. Each size code
determines the number of Fleets, Subfleets, and IDs each
block will have. For example, a size code of "4" has one Fleet,
which is divided into 16 separate Subfleets, and it has a total
of 512 individual IDs.
When a block is assigned a size code, the Fleet or Fleets
created within the block are assigned a Type I ID. The way
these IDs display on your scanner depends on the block
number and the blocks size code. When a Type I ID displays,
the left most digit represents the block which contains the ID.
The next two or three digits identify which Fleet is active, and
the last digit(s) identifies the Subfleet.
Block
(1 digit)
Subfleet
(1 or 2 digits)
Which Fleet
within the Block
(2 or 3 digits)
The details concerning how the size codes are selected by a
Type I system designer are highly dependent on the specific
needs of the systems users. Some organizations may want
many subfleets with only a few radios each, while another
organization may want only a few subfleets with many radios
each. Your task is to program your fleet map with the same
size code assignments as the trunked system. If you do this
accurately, you'll track all the Fleet-Subfleet combinations
used by the system. In other words, you'll hear complete
communications while monitoring a trunked system.
If you don't already know the size codes used, you'll have to
guess at them. But since you don't have to figure out all the
blocks at once, this isn't as hard as it seems. Select a size
code for a block, and then press SCAN. Now listen to the
communications. If you decide you are receiving most of the
replies to the conversations with IDs assigned to the block
you just programmed, then you've probably selected the right
size code and can work on the next block of the map.
97
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 98
Finally, for most public safety systems there are some size
codes which are more common. SIZE CODE 3 and SIZE
CODE 4 are probably the most common, followed by SIZE
CODE 10, SIZE CODE 11, and SIZE CODE 12.
Fleet Map Size Codes
Size
Fleets
Subfleets
IDs
Blocks
Used
0
Reserves block for Type II IDs
+
1
128
4
16
1
2
16
8
64
1
3
8
8
128
1
4
1
16
512
1
5
64
4
32
1
6
32
8
32
1
7
32
4
64
1
8
16
4
128
1
9
8
4
256
1
10
4
8
256
1
11
2
16
256
1
12
1
16
1024
2
13
1
16
2048
4
14
1
16
4096
8
Size Code Restrictions
If you select SIZE CODE 12, 13, or 14, there are some
restrictions as to which blocks can be used for these codes.
• SIZE CODE 12 can only be assigned to Blocks 0, 2, 4,
or 6.
• SIZE CODE 13 can only be assigned to Blocks 0 and 4.
• SIZE CODE 14 can only be assigned to Block 0.
Since these SIZE CODES require multiple blocks, you will be
prompted for the next available block when programming a
Fleet Map. For example, if you assign Block 0 as an SIZE
CODE 12, you will be prompted for Block 2, the next block
available, instead of Block 1. And if you assign Block 0 as
SIZE CODE 14, you would not see another prompt because
all available blocks have been used.
98
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 99
NWR-SAME EVENT CODE
Event Code
Standard
Emergency Action Notification
EAN
Emergency Action Termination
EAT
National Information Center
NIC
Tornado Warning #
TOW(or TOR)
Service Thunderstorm Warning # SVW(or SVR)
Flash Flood Warning
FFW
Flash Warning
FLW
Winter Storm Warning
WSW
Blizzard Warning
BZW
High Wing/ Dust Storm Warning
HWW
Radio logical Hazard Warning
RHW
Civil Danger Warning
CDW
Local Area Emergency
LAE
Hazardous Material Warning
HMW
Civil Emergency Message
CEM
Immediate Evacuation Warning
IEW
Immediate Evacuation Notice
EVI
Law Enforcement Warning
LEW
Fire Warning
FRW
Event Code
Hurricane/Tropical Storm Warning
Tsunami Warning
Coastal Flood Warning
Special Marine Warning
Avalanche Warning
Volcano Warning
Shelter In Place Warning
Civil Danger Watch
Radiological Hazard Watch
Hazardous Material Watch
Winter Storm Watch
High Wind/ Dust Storm Watch
Tornado Watch
Severe Thunderstorm Watch
Flash Flood Watch
Flood Watch
Hurricane/ Tropical Storm Watch
Tsunami Watch
Coastal Flood Watch
Avalanche Watch
Volcano Watch
Standard
HUW
TSW
CFW
SMW
AVW
VOW
SPW
CDA
RHA
HMA
WSA
HWA
TOA
SVA
FFA
FLA
HUA
TSA
CFA
AVA
VOA
Event Level (Siren Type)
Warning
Watch Statement
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Event Level (Siren Type)
Warning
Watch Statement
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
99
LCD Display
Test
EMG NOTIFY
EMG TERMINATE
NATIONAL INFO
TORNADO
THUNDERSTORM
FLASH FLOOD
FLOOD
WINTER STORM
BLIZZARD
HIGH WIND
RADIOLOGICAL
CIVIL DANGER
LOCAL EMG
HAZARDOUS
CIVIL EMG
EVACUATION
EVACUATE NOTE
LAW ENFORCEMENT
FIRE
LCD Display
Test
HURRICANE
TSUNAMI
COASTAL FLOOD
SPECIAL MARINE
AVALANCHE
VOLCANO
SHELTER
CIVIL DANGER
RADIOLOGICAL
HAZARDOUS
WINTER STORM
HIGH WIND
TORNADO
THUNDERSTORM
FLASH FLOOD
FLOOD
HURRICANE
TSUNAMI
COASTAL FLOOD
AVALANCHE
VOLCANO
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 100
Event Code
Severe Weather Statement
Special Weather Statement
Flash Flood Statement
Flood Statement
Hurricane Statement
National Periodic Test
Required Monthly Test
Required Weekly Test
System Demonstration/ Practice
National Hazard Warning
Unknown Emergency Tune TV
Unknown Warning Tune TV
Unknown Watch Tune TV
Unknown Statement Tune TV
Standard
SVS
SPS
FFS
FLS
HLS
NPT
RMT
RWT
DMO
NHW
**E
**W
**A
**S
Event Level (Siren Type)
Warning
Watch Statement
0
0
0
0
0
LCD Display
Test
0
0
0
Note
0
0
0
0
0
SEVERE WX
SPECIAL WX
FLASH FLOOD
FLOOD
HURRICANE
NATION PERIOD
MONTHLY
WEEKLY
SYSTEM DEMO
NATION HAZARD
UNKNOWN TV
UNKNOWN TV
UNKNOWN TV
UNKNOWN TV
REVERSE LIST
Range
29.520 - 29.580
29.620 - 29.680
52.010 - 52.990
53.010 - 53.990
143.750
143.900
144.510 - 144.890
145.110 - 145.490
146.010 - 146.385
146.415 - 146.505
146.595
146.610 - 146.985
147.000 - 147.390
147.415 - 147.505
147.595
147.600 - 147.990
148.125
148.150
222.120 - 223.380
223.720 - 224.980
420.000 - 424.9875
425.000 - 429.9875
440.000 - 444.9875
Offset
+0.1 MHz
-0.1 MHz
+1 MHz
-1 MHz
+4.375 MHz
+4.25 MHz
+0.6 MHz
-0.6 MHz
+0.6 MHz
+1 MHz
+1 MHz
-0.6 MHz
+0.6 MHz
-1 MHz
-1 MHz
-0.6 MHz
-4.375 MHz
-4.25 MHz
+1.6 MHz
-1.6 MHz
+5 MHz
-5 MHz
+5 MHz
Range
445.000 - 449.9875
450.000 - 454.9875
455.000 - 459.9875
460.000 - 464.9875
465.000 - 469.9875
470.000 - 472.9875
473.000 - 475.9875
476.000 - 478.9875
479.000 - 481.9875
482.000 - 484.9875
485.000 - 487.9875
488.000 - 490.9875
491.000 - 493.9875
494.000 - 496.9875
497.000 - 499.9875
500.000 - 502.9875
503.000 - 505.9875
506.000 - 508.9875
509.000 - 511.9875
806.000 - 823.9875
851.000 - 868.9875
896.000 - 901.000
935.000 - 940.000
100
Offset
-5 MHz
+5 MHz
-5 MHz
+5 MHz
-5 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+3 MHz
-3 MHz
+45 MHz
-45 MHz
+39 MHz
-39 MHz
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 101
CTCSS Frequency List (Hz)
67.0
91.5
71.9
94.8
74.4
97.4
77.0
100.0
79.7
103.5
82.5
107.2
85.4
110.9
88.5
114.8
118.8
156.7
123.0
162.2
127.3
167.9
131.8
173.8
136.5
179.9
141.3
186.2
146.2
192.8
151.4
203.5
210.7
218.1
225.7
233.6
241.8
250.3
DCS Tone Code
023
051
025
053
026
054
031
065
032
071
036
072
043
073
047
074
114
143
115
145
116
152
122
155
125
156
131
162
132
165
134
172
174
245
205
246
212
251
223
252
225
255
226
261
243
263
244
265
266
332
271
343
274
346
306
351
311
356
315
364
325
365
331
371
411
452
412
454
413
455
423
462
431
464
432
465
445
466
446
503
506
612
703
516
624
712
523
627
723
526
631
731
532
632
732
546
654
734
565
662
743
606
664
754
101
1 SERVICE OPTION
FIPS CODE15
ALL FILPS CODE
RAILROAD
AIR
CB RADIO
FRS
7
8
9
0
CHAIN SEARCH
SPECIAL
RACING
:
MARINE
6
1: ON/ 2:OFF
1: ON/ 2:OFF
1: CTCSS/ 2: DCS/ 3: OFF
1: ON/ 2:OFF
CHAIN SEARCH
SEARCH RANGE
(RANGE NO. SELECT)
DELAY
ATTENUATOR
TONE DATA
AUTO STORE
1
2
3
4
5
6
1: ON/ 2:OFF
2: OFF
:
HAM RADIO
5
FIPS CODE 1
TV BROADCAST
4
1: ON
NEWS
3
ALERT
2
PUBLIC SAFETY
2
MONITOR
1
WEATHER
1
102
5
4
TRUNK
ALPHA TAG
MODE
2:OFF
1:ON
1: AM/2: FM/3: WFM/4: NFM/5: AUTO
5: 25KHz/6: 50KHz/7: 100KHz/8: AUTO
1: 5KHz/2: 7.5KH/3: 10KHz/4: 12.5KHz/
STEPS
2
3
ENTER LOWER, ENTER UPPER
RANGE
1
PLAN 4
PLAN 3
PLAN 2
PLAN 1
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 102
BC250D Flow Charts
2 SCAN OPTION
CONVENTIONAL
(CHANNEL SELECT)
TRUNK
(BANK SELECT)
1
2
EDCS SCT.
LT
8
9
1: ON/ 2: OFF
1: ON/ 2: OFF/ 3: ONLY
1: ON/ 2: OFF
1: ON/ 2: OFF
1: AFS/ 2: DECIMAL
1: DETECT/ 2: IGNORE
(TYPE2 800/TYPE1 SYSTEM)
1: PLAN1/ 2: PLAN2/ 3: PLAN3/
4: PLAN4/ 5: OFF
(TYPE 2 900 SYSTEM)
1: ON/ 2: OFF
L/O ID REVIEW
ACTIVITY ID
I-CALL
(MOTOROLA/ EDACS)
ID SCAN LIST (LTR)
EMERGENCY ALT
STATUS BIT (MOTOROLA)
EDACS ID FORM (EDACS)
END CODE (MOTOROLA)
CNTRL CH ONLY
(TYPE1/ TYPE2 800,900)
6
7
8
8
9
9
0
0
103
3
2
1
5
TYPE2 VHF
TYPE2 UHF
TYPE2 900
BEEP ALERT
ALPHA TAG
ID
OFF
EDCS NARROW
7
ID LIST TAG
5
1: ON/ 2: OFF
2
EDCS WIDE
6
DELAY
4
4
3
TYPE1
TALK GROUP
(ID NO. SELECT )
TYPE2 800
3
5: 25KHz/6: 50KHz/7: 100KHz/8: AUTO
1: 5KHz/2: 7.5KH/3: 10KHz/4: 12.5KHz/
STEPS
2
2
TRUNK CHANNEL
(CHANNEL SELECT)
2
1
TRUNK TYPE
1
ON
1:AM/ 2:FM/ 3:WFM/ 4:NFM
MODE
7
1
1: 5KHz/ 2: 7.5KHz/ 3: 10 KHz/
4: 12.5 KHz/ 5: 25 KHz/ 6: 50 KHz/
7: 100 KHz/ 8: AUTO
STEPS
6
ALPHA TAG
1: ON/ 2:OFF
ATTENUATOR
FREQUENCY
1: ON/ 2:OFF
BEEP ALERT
1
1: CTCSS/2: DCS/ 3: OFF
TONE DATA
5
ALPHA TAG
4
1: ON/ 2:OFF
DELAY
2
3
FREQUENCY
FREQUENCY
1
ENTER BASE
FREQUENCY
ENTER BASE
FREQUENCY
SET BASE
CONFIG 1-3
SET BASE
CONFIG 1-3
SET FLEET
MAP USER
CUSTOM /
PRESET 1-16
ENTER SPACE
FREQUENCY
ENTER SPACE
FREQUENCY
ENTER
OFFSET
CHANNEL
ENTER
OFFSET
CHANNEL
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 103
3 SYSTEM OPTION
1: ON/ 2:OFF
1: ON/ 2:OFF
1: 2400 bps / 2: 4800 bps /
3: 9600 bps/ 4: 19200 bps/
5: OFF
MASTER / SLAVE
1: ON/ 2:OFF
1: CSQ/ 2: TONE SQ/
3: TONE SEARCH
1: ENABLE/ 2: DISABLE
1: ON/ 2: OFF
KEY BEEP
ENTER LOCK
PC CONTROL
CLONE
DATA SKIP
SQ MODE
BANK TAG
(SELECT BANK)
P-25 CARD
BATTERY SAVE
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1: 15SECONDS/ 2: INFINITE
1: ON/ 2:OFF
SCREEN MASK
DIMMER TIME
2
1: HIGH/ 2: MEDIUM
DIMMER LIGHT
DIMMER
1
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 104
104
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 105
One Year Limited Warranty
Important: Evidence of original purchase is required for warranty
service.
WARRANTOR: UNIDEN AMERICA CORPORATION (Uniden)
ELEMENTS OF WARRANTY: Uniden warrants, for one year, to the
original retail owner, this Uniden product to be free from defects in
materials and craftsmanship with only the limitations or exclusions
set out below.
WARRANTY DURATION: This warranty to the original user shall
terminate and be of no further effect 12 months after the date of
original retail sale. The warranty is invalid if the Product is
(A) damaged or not maintained as reasonable or necessary,
(B) modified, altered, or used as part of any conversion kits,
subassemblies, or any configurations not sold by Uniden,
(C) improperly installed, (D) serviced or repaired by someone other
than an authorized Uniden service center for a defect or malfunction
covered by this warranty, (E) used in any conjunction with equipment
or parts or as part of any system not manufactured by Uniden, or
(F) installed or programmed by anyone other than as detailed by the
owners manual for this product.
STATEMENT OF REMEDY: In the event that the product does not
conform to this warranty at any time while this warranty is in effect,
warrantor will either, at its option, repair or replace the defective unit
and return it to you without charge for parts, service, or any other cost
(except shipping and handling) incurred by warrantor or its
representatives in connection with the performance of this warranty.
Warrantor, at its option, may replace the unit with a new or
refurbished unit. THE LIMITED WARRANTY SET FORTH ABOVE
IS THE SOLE AND ENTIRE WARRANTY PERTAINING TO THE
PRODUCT AND IS IN LIEU OF AND EXCLUDES ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES OF ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER, WHETHER
EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR ARISING BY OPERATION OF LAW
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER OR PROVIDE
FOR THE REIMBURSEMENT OR PAYMENT OF INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. Some states do not allow this
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages so the
above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
LEGAL REMEDIES: This warranty gives you specific legal rights,
and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
This warranty is void outside the United States of America.
PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING PERFORMANCE OF WARRANTY:
If, after following the instructions in the owners manual you are certain
that the product is defective, pack the Product carefully (preferably
in its original packaging). The product should include all parts and
accessories originally packaged with the Product. Include evidence
of original purchase and a note describing the defect that has caused
you to return it. The Product should be shipped freight prepaid, by
traceable means, to warrantor at:
UNIDEN AMERICA CORPORATION
Parts and Service Division
4700 Amon Carter Boulevard
Fort Worth, TX 76155
(800) 554-3988, 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Central Time, Monday through
Friday
105
BC250D 11/6/2 11:37 AM Page 106