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Cat 5 High-Density KVM Over the NET™
KH1508i / KH1516i
User Manual
www.aten.com
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
FCC Information
This is an FCC Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take
adequate measures.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user
will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
RoHS
This product is RoHS compliant.
SJ/T 11364-2006
The following contains information that relates to China.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
User Information
Online Registration
Be sure to register your product at our online support center:
International
North America
http://support.aten.com
ATEN TECH
http://www.aten-usa.com/product_registration
ATEN NJ
http://support.aten.com
Telephone Support
For telephone support, call this number:
International
North America
886-2-8692-6959
ATEN TECH
1-888-999-ATEN
ATEN NJ
1-732-356-1703
User Notice
All information, documentation, and specifications contained in this manual
are subject to change without prior notification by the manufacturer. The
manufacturer makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or
implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any
warranties as to merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any of
the manufacturer's software described in this manual is sold or licensed as is.
Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and
not the manufacturer, its distributor, or its dealer), assumes the entire cost of all
necessary servicing, repair and any incidental or consequential damages
resulting from any defect in the software.
The manufacturer of this system is not responsible for any radio and/or TV
interference caused by unauthorized modifications to this device. It is the
responsibility of the user to correct such interference.
The manufacturer is not responsible for any damage incurred in the operation
of this system if the correct operational voltage setting was not selected prior
to operation. PLEASE VERIFY THAT THE VOLTAGE SETTING IS
CORRECT BEFORE USE.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Package Contents
The KH1508i / KH1516i package consists of:
1 KH1508i or KH1516i Cat 5 High-Density KVM Over the NET™ Switch
1 Firmware Upgrade Cable
1 Power Cord
1 Rack Mount Kit
1 Foot Pad Set (4 pcs.)
1 User Manual*
1 Quick Start Guide
Check to make sure that all of the components are present and in good order.
If anything is missing, or was damaged in shipping, contact your dealer.
Read this manual thoroughly and follow the installation and operation
procedures carefully to prevent any damage to the switch or to any other
devices on the KH1508i / KH1516i installation.
* Features may have been added to the KH1508i / KH1516i since this manual
was printed. Please visit our website to download the most up-to-date version
of the manual.
Copyright © 2006 ATEN® International Co., Ltd.
Manual Part No. PAPE-0276-AX1G
Manual Date: 2008-07-25
Altusen and the Altusen logo are registered trademarks of ATEN International Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
All other brand names and trademarks are the registered property of their respective owners.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Contents
FCC Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
SJ/T 11364-2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
User Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Online Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Telephone Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
User Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Package Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii
Product Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii
Chapter 1.
Introduction
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
KVM Adapter Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Supported Operating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Language Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
KH1508i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
KH1516i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Rear View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
KH1508i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
KH1516i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chapter 2.
Hardware Setup
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Stacking and Rack Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Stacking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Rack Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Single Station Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Single Stage Installation Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
KVM Adapter Cable Installation Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Daisy Chaining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Daisy Chain Installation Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
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Chapter 3.
Basic Operation
Port Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
OSD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Keyboard Hotkeys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Hot Plugging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Hot Plugging Stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Hot Plugging KVM Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Hot Plugging Console Ports: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Powering Off and Restarting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Port ID Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Chapter 4.
Local Console Operation
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
The OSD Main Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
OSD Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
OSD Main Screen Headings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
OSD Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
F1 GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
F2 LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
F3 SET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
F4 ADM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
F5 SKP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
F6 IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
F7 SCAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
F8 LOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Keyboard Port Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Invoking Hotkey Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
When Hotkey Mode is active: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Selecting the Active Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Auto Scanning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Setting the Scan Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Invoking Auto Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Skip Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Hotkey Beeper Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Hotkey Summary Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Firmware Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
KH1508i / KH1516i Mainboard Upgrade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Starting the Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Upgrade Succeeded:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Upgrade Failed: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Firmware Upgrade Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
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Adapter Cable Upgrade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Before You Begin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Starting the Upgrade:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Upgrade Succeeded: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Adapter Cable Firmware Upgrade Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Chapter 5.
Browser Login
Logging In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Web Page Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
The General Dialog Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Web Page Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Web Page Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Upgrading the Browser Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Activating the OSD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Windows Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Java Client. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Chapter 6.
Administration and Configuration
The Administration Page. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
User Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Port Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Service Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Access Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Log Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Network Transfer Rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
DNS Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Radius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
RADIUS Server Access Rights Table:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
RADIUS Server Access Rights Examples: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
IP and MAC Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Default Web Page Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Customization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Login Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Working Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
I/O Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
The Configuration Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
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Chapter 7.
Windows Client Port Operation
Windows Client Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Hotkey Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Video Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Gamma Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
The Message Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
The Button Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Message Display Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Compose Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
User List Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
The Main Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Quick View Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
The List Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Port Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Port Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
The OSD Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Recalling the OSD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
OSD Hotkey Summary Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
OSD Toolbar Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Panel Array Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Panel Array Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Multiuser Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Keyboard Hotkey Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Auto Scanning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Setting the Scan Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Invoking Auto Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Pausing Auto Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Exiting Auto Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Skip Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Keyboard and Mouse Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Keystrokes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Mouse Synchronization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Chapter 8.
Java Client Port Operation
The Java Client Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Set Video Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Mouse Synchronization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Message Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
The Message Board Button Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Lock Key LEDs and Resolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Switch Screen Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
About. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Send Ctrl+Alt+Del . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
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Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Port Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Panel Array Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Keyboard Hotkey Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Chapter 9.
The Log File
The Main Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Chapter 10.
The Log Server
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Starting Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
The Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Configure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
The Log Server Main Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
The List Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
The Event Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Chapter 11.
AP Operation
The Windows Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Starting Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Ending the Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
The Java Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Starting Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Chapter 12.
Keyboard Emulation
Mac Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Sun Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
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Appendix
Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Rack Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Technical Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
North America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
General Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
The Java Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
The Log Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Panel Array Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
The Windows Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Sun Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Additional Mouse Synchronization Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Trusted Certificates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Installing the Certificate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Certificate Trusted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Supported Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
OSD Factory Default Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Administrator Login Failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
IP Module Firmware Upgrade Recovery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Limited Warranty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
About This Manual
This User Manual is provided to help you get the most from your KH1508i /
KH1516i system. It covers all aspects of installation, configuration and
operation. An overview of the information found in the manual is provided
below.
Overview
Chapter 1, Introduction, introduces you to the KH1508i / KH1516i
system. Its purpose, features and benefits are presented, and its front and back
panel components are described.
Chapter 2, Hardware Setup, describes how to set up your installation. The
necessary steps – from a basic single stage hookup to a complete 16 switch
daisy chained operation are provided.
Chapter 3, Basic Operation, explains the fundamental concepts involved
in operating the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Chapter 4, Local Console Operation, describes the concepts and
procedures used to operate the KH1508i / KH1516i from a locally connected
KVM console.
Chapter 5, Browser Login, explains how to log into the KH1508i /
KH1516i with your browser, and explains the functions of the icons and
buttons on the KH1508i / KH1516i web page.
Chapter 6, Administration and Configuration, describes how to
administer the KH1508i / KH1516i after logging in from a browser.
Chapter 7, Windows Client Port Operation, explains how to connect to
the KH1508i / KH1516i with the Windows Client software, and describes how
to use the OSD to access and control the computers connected to the switch.
Chapter 8, The Java Client Control Panel, describes how to connect to
the KH1508i / KH1516i with the Java Client software, and explains how to use
the OSD to access and control the computers connected to the switch.
Chapter 9, The Log File, shows how to use the log file utility to view all the
events that take place on the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Chapter 10, The Log Server, explains how to install and configure the
Log Server.
Chapter 11, AP Operation, describes how to operate the KH1508i /
KH1516i using Windows and Java Client application programs, rather than
with the browser method.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Chapter 12, Keyboard Emulation, provides tables that list the PC to Mac
and PC to Sun keyboard emulation mappings.
An Appendix, provides specifications and other technical information
regarding the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Conventions
This manual uses the following conventions:
Monospaced
Indicates text that you should key in.
[]
Indicates keys you should press. For example, [Enter] means
to press the Enter key. If keys need to be chorded, they appear
together in the same bracket with a plus sign between them:
[Ctrl+Alt].
1.
Numbered lists represent procedures with sequential steps.
♦
Bullet lists provide information, but do not involve sequential
steps.
→
Indicates selecting the option (on a menu or dialog box, for
example), that comes next. For example, Start → Run means
to open the Start menu, and then select Run.
Indicates critical information.
Product Information
For information about all ALTUSEN products and how they can help you
connect without limits, visit ALTUSEN on the Web or contact an ALTUSEN
Authorized Reseller. Visit ALTUSEN on the Web for a list of locations and
telephone numbers
Š International – http://www.aten.com
Š North America – http://www.aten-usa.com
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Chapter 1
Introduction
Overview
The KH1508i / KH1516i KVM Switches are control units that allow access to
multiple computers from a single KVM (keyboard, monitor, and mouse)
console.
A single KH1508i / KH1516i can control up to 8 / 16 computers. As many as
15 additional KH1508 / KH1516 switches can be daisy chained from the
original unit, so that up to 256 computers can all be controlled from the original
KVM console.
Note: Aten ACS1208 / ACS1216 switches can also be installed on a KH1508i
/ KH1516i daisy chain.
Since the KH1508i / KH1516i uses TCP/IP for its communications protocol, it
can be accessed from any computer on the Net - whether that computer is
located down the hall, down the street, or half-way around the world.
Over the
NETTM
Local
In addition to TCP/IP connectivity, the KH1508i / KH1516i provides KVM
ports for a locally attached PS/2 console – allowing access and control from the
data center as well as over the Net. The switches utilize a single shared bus
implementation – although they support local and remote login at the same
time, they do not support independent operation. If a local user logs in while a
remote user has already opened a session, the local user sees the same screen
that the remote user is working on.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
For local access, the KH1508i / KH1516i supports resolutions of up to 1600 x
1200, as well as 1280 x 1024 @ 75Hz for an extended distance of up to 40 m.
For remote access, the switches support up to 1280 x 1024 @ 75Hz.
The switches feature RJ-45 connectors and CAT 5 cable to link to the
computers. Utilizing PS/2, USB, and serial KVM Adapter Cables for the final
linkup, the KH1508i / KH1516i permits any combination of PCs, Macs, Sun
computers, and serial devices to coexist on the installation. Use of the adapter
cables dramatically reduces cable clutter, and makes reconfiguring the
installation easy and convenient.
A custom ASIC (patent pending) provides an auto-sensing function that
recognizes the position of each station on the chain, eliminating the need to
manually set the position with DIP switches. A seven segment front panel LED
displays each Station's position for easy identification.
The KH1508i / KH1516i has been designed to work seamlessly with the
ALTUSEN CC1000 Control Center Over the NET™ for ease of access and
administration. It also allows the IP address configuration to be easily
configured from the local console OSD.
Your KH1508i / KH1516i investment is protected by a firmware upgrade
utility. You can stay current with the latest improvements in functionality by
downloading firmware update files from our website, and using the utility to
quickly and conveniently install them.
Setting up the KH1508i / KH1516i is fast and easy; plugging cables into their
appropriate ports is all that is entailed. Because the KH1508i / KH1516i
intercepts keyboard and mouse input directly, there is no software to configure;
no need to get involved in complex installation routines; no need to be
concerned with incompatibility problems.
Access to any computer on the installation is easily accomplished--either by
pressing front panel port selection switches; entering hotkey combinations
from the keyboard; or by means of a powerful menu driven OSD (On Screen
Display) system. A convenient Auto Scan function also permits automatic
scanning and one-by-one monitoring of the activities of selected computers.
There is no better way to save time and money than with a KH1508i / KH1516i
installation. By allowing a single console to manage up to 256 computers, a
KH1508i / KH1516i installation: (1) eliminates the expense of having to
purchase a separate keyboard, monitor, and mouse for each; (2) saves all the
space those extra components would take up; (3) saves on energy costs; and (4)
eliminates the inconvenience and wasted effort involved in constantly moving
from one computer to another.
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Chapter 1. Introduction
Features
Š A single console controls up to 8 (KH1508i) or 16 (KH1516i) computers
Š Dedicated chain ports - daisy chain up to 15 additional units - control up to
256 computers from a single console
Š Extends the distance between computers and switch - up to 30m for
resolutions of 1600 x 1200 @ 60Hz; up to 40 m for resolutions of 1280 x
1024 @ 75Hz
Š Custom ASIC (patent pending) auto-senses station's position on daisy
chained installations - no need for manual DIP switch setting - front panel
LED indicates station's position – port names automatically reconfigured
in the OSD when the station sequence changes
Š Multiplatform support: PC, Mac, Sun and terminal-based systems
Š Remote access via LAN, WAN, or the Internet – control your installation
from down the hall, down the street, or half-way around the world –
supports 10Base-T, 100Base-T, TCP/IP, HTTP
Š Allows the creation of up to 64 user accounts
Š Advanced security – password protection and advanced encryption
technologies
Š Windows and Java-based client software – Java client provides support for
most major operating platforms
Š No software required – convenient computer selection via port selection
switches, hotkeys and intuitive On Screen Display (OSD) menus
Š Auto Scan feature for monitoring user-selected computers
Š Hot Pluggable - add or remove switches/computers without having to
power down the switches
Š Two level logout - Manual and Timed
Š Upgradeable firmware
Š PS/2 keyboard and mouse emulation – computers boot even when the
console focus is elsewhere
Š Superior video quality – supports resolutions up to 1600 x 1200
Š Rack Mountable in 19" System Rack (1U)
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Requirements
General
Š For best results, we recommend that the computers used to access the
KH1508i / KH1516i have at least a P III 1 GHz processor, and that their
screen resolution is set to 1024 x 768
Š For best results, we recommend an Internet connection speed of at least
128 kbps
Š Browsers must support 128 bit data encryption
Š To run the Windows client, you must have DirectX 7.0 or higher installed
Š To run the Java client, you must have Sun’s Java 2 (1.4 or higher) installed
Š To run the Log Server, you must have the Microsoft Jet OLEDB 4.0 (or
higher) driver installed
Console
Š A VGA, SVGA, or Multisync monitor capable of the highest resolution
that you will be using on any computer in the installation.
Š A PS/2 style mouse
Š A PS/2 style keyboard
Computers
The following equipment must be installed on the computers that connect to the
KH1508i or KH1516i's KVM ports:
Š A VGA, SVGA or Multisync port
Š A Type A USB port and USB host controller (for USB KVM Adapter
Cable Connection, see below)
Š 6-pin mini-DIN keyboard and mouse ports (for PS/2 KVM Adapter Cable
Connection, see below)
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Chapter 1. Introduction
KVM Adapter Cables
Š Cat 5 (or higher) cable is required to connect the KH1508i / KH1516i to a
KVM Adapter Cable (see Single Station Installation, page 12).
Š The following KVM Adapter Cables are required for use with the
KH1508i / KH1516i:
Function
Module
Connect to devices with PS/2 ports
KA9520
Connect to devices with USB ports
KA9570
Connect to Sun Legacy systems (with 13W3 port)
KA9130
Connect to Sun USB systems
KA9131
Connect to serial based devices
KA9140
Supported Operating Systems
The following operating systems are supported by the KH1508i / KH1516i:
OS
Version
DOS
6.2 and higher
Windows
2000 and higher
Linux
Red Hat
7.1 and higher
Mandrake/Mandriva 9.0 and higher
SUSE
8.2 and higher
Free BSD
4.2 and higher
AIX
4.3 and higher
Netware
5.0 and higher
Sun
Solaris 8 and higher
Mac
8.6 and higher
Language Support
Š American English
Š French
Š German
Š Japanese
Š Traditional Chinese
Š UK English
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Components
Front View
KH1508i
1&2
3
4
5
6
7
3
4
5
6
7
KH1516i
1&2
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Chapter 1. Introduction
No.
1
Component
Port
Selection
Switches
Description
Š Press a switch to give the KVM focus to the computer attached
to its corresponding port.
Š Simultaneously pressing Buttons 1 and 2 for 3 seconds
performs a Keyboard and Mouse Reset.
Š Simultaneously pressing Buttons 7 and 8 starts Auto Scan
Mode.
2
Port LEDs
The Port LEDs are built into the Port Selection Switches. The left
ones are the On Line LEDs; the right ones are the Selected Port
LEDs:
Š An ONLINE LED lights GREEN to indicate that the computer
attached to its corresponding port is up and running. A flashing
LED indicates that the Port is being used for cascading to
another switch.
Š A SELECTED LED lights ORANGE to indicate that the
computer attached to its corresponding port is the one that has
the KVM focus. The LED is steady under normal conditions, but
flashes when its port is accessed under Auto Scan Mode.
3
4
Reset
Switch
Pressing this switch in performs a system reset.
Firmware
Upgrade
Recovery
Switch
During normal operation and while performing a firmware
upgrade, this switch should be in the NORMAL position. If a
firmware upgrade operation does not complete successfully, this
switch is used to perform a firmware upgrade recovery.
Note: The switch is recessed and must be pushed with a thin
object - such as the end of a paper clip, or a ballpoint pen.
Note: This is only for performing a local firmware upgrade
(see Firmware Upgrade Recovery, page 45) for details.
5
Firmware
Upgrade
Port
The Firmware Upgrade Cable that transfers the firmware upgrade
data from the administrator's computer to the KH1508i / KH1516i
(see page 40), plugs into this RJ-11 connector.
Note: This is only for performing a local firmware upgrade
(see Firmware Upgrade Recovery, page 45) for details.
6
Power LED Lights to indicate that the KH1508i / KH1516i is powered up and
ready to operate.
7
Station ID
LED
The KH1508i / KH1516i's Station ID is displayed here. If this is a
Single Station installation (see page 12), or the First Station on a
Daisy Chained installation (see page 15), the KH1508i / KH1516i
has a Station ID of 01.
On a Daisy Chained installation, the KH1508i / KH1516i auto-senses
its position and displays the Station ID that corresponds to its place in
the chain. (see Port ID Numbering, page 19, for details).
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Rear View
KH1508i
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
KH1516i
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
7
No.
Component
Description
1
Power Socket
2
Power Switch
This rocker switch powers the unit on and off.
3
LAN Port
The cable that connects the KH1508i / KH1516i to the
Internet plugs in here. The LEDs indicate data transmission
speed: ORANGE for 10 Mbps; GREEN for 100 Mbps.
4
PON Port
This connector is provided for a Power over the Net™ (PON)
unit to plug into. A PON device allows computers attached to
the KH1508i / KH1516i to be booted remotely over the net.
Contact your dealer for more details.
5
Daisy Chain
Port
When Daisy Chaining Units (see Daisy Chaining, page 15),
the daisy chain cable plugs in here.
6
Local Console If this is a Single Station installation, or if this is the First
Port Section
Station of a daisy chained installation, the keyboard, monitor,
and mouse that make up the Local Console plug in here.
7
KVM Port
Section
The AC power cord plugs in here.
The Cat 5 cables that link to the KVM Adapter Cables (which
link to the computers) plug in here.
kh15816i.book Page 9 Friday, July 25, 2008 5:20 PM
Chapter 2
Hardware Setup
Overview
For convenience and flexibility that allows mixing the PS/2, USB, and serial
device interfaces, as well as multiple platforms, the KH1508i / KH1516i's
design utilizes KVM Adapter Cables (CPU Modules), that serve as
intermediaries between the switch and the connected devices (refer to the
installation diagram on page 13).
A separate KVM Adapter Cable is required for each computer or device
connection. See KVM Adapter Cables, page 5 for the model numbers.
Before You Begin
1. Important safety information regarding the placement of this
device is provided on page 139. Please review it before
proceeding.
2. Make sure that power to all the devices you will be connecting
up have been turned off. You must unplug the power cords of
any computers that have the Keyboard Power On function.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Stacking and Rack Mounting
The KH1508i / KH1516i can be stacked on the desktop or rack mounted at the
front or rear of the rack. The following sections take you through the
procedures for each method.
Stacking
The KH1508i / KH1516i can be placed on any appropriate level surface that
can safely support its weight plus the weight of its attached cables. To place the
KH1508i / KH1516i, or to stack units if you are daisy chaining them, remove
the backing material from the bottom of the rubber feet that came with this
package, and stick them onto the switch’s bottom panel at the corners, as
shown in the diagram, below:
Note: To ensure adequate ventilation, allow at least 5.1 cm on each side, and
12.7cm at the back for power cord and cable clearance.
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Chapter 2. Hardware Setup
Rack Mounting
The KH1508i / KH1516i can be mounted in a 19" (1U) racks. The mounting
brackets can screw into either the front or the back of the unit so that it can
attach to the front or the back of the rack. To rack mount the unit:
1. Remove the screws at the front or the rear, as shown in the diagram below.
Phillips head hex
M3 x 6
Phillips head hex
M3 x 6
2. Screw the mounting brackets into the sides of the unit at the front or the
rear, as shown in the diagram below.
Phillips head hex
M3 x 8
Phillips head hex
M3 x 8
3. Slide the unit into the front or rear of the rack and secure it to the rack.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Single Station Installation
In a Single Stage installation, there are no additional KVM switches daisy
chained down from the KH1508i / KH1516i. To set up a single stage
installation, refer to the installation diagrams starting on page 13 (the numbers
in the diagram correspond with the numbers of the instruction steps), and do
the following:
1. Plug your Local Console’s keyboard, monitor, and mouse into the unit’s
Console Ports. Each port is color coded and marked with an appropriate
icon to identify itself.
Note: The KH1508i / KH1516i does not support distances that exceed
20m between itself and the local monitor.
2. Use Cat. 5 cable to connect any available KVM port to a KVM Adapter
Cable that is appropriate for the computer you are installing (see KVM
Adapter Cables, page 5 for details).
Note: The KH1508i / KH1516i does not support distances that exceed
40m between itself and the KVM Adapter Cable.
3. Connect the KVM Adapter Cable to the computer.
Plug the connectors on the KVM Adapter Cable into the appropriate ports
of the computer you are installing. (See KVM Adapter Cable Installation
Diagrams, page 14 for connection examples.)
4. Plug the LAN or WAN cable into the KH1508i / KH1516i’s LAN port.
5. Plug the female end of the power cord into the KH1508i / KH1516i's
Power Socket; plug the male end into an AC power source.
6. Turn on the power to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
After the KH1508i / KH1516i is powered up, you can turn on the computers.
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Chapter 2. Hardware Setup
Single Stage Installation Diagram
4
2
1
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by
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EN
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3
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O 91
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S
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
KVM Adapter Cable Installation Diagrams
KA9520
by ATEN
LINK
KA9131
by ATEN
LINK
KA9570
by ATEN
LINK
KA9140
SERIAL TERMINAL
KA9130
by ATEN
LINK
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Chapter 2. Hardware Setup
Daisy Chaining
Up to 15 additional KH1508 / KH1516 KVM switches can be daisy chained
down from the KH1508i or KH1516i. As many as 256 computers can be
controlled from a single console in a complete installation.
Note: Aten ACS1208 / ACS1216 switches can also be installed on a KH1508i
/ KH1516i daisy chain.
To set up a daisy chained installation, do the following:
1. Use a daisy chain cable set to connect the Chain Out port of the parent unit
to the Chain In port of the child unit (First Station Out to Second Station
In, Second Station Out to Third Station In, etc.).
Note: 1. The KH1508i / KH1516i doesn’t have a Chain In port since it is
the highest level parent – it only has a Chain Out port.
2. Daisy chain cable sets require a separate purchase – see your
dealer for details.
3. The KH1508i / KH1516i does not support distances that exceed
100m between the first station and the last station.
2. Use Cat. 5 cable to connect any available KVM port to a KVM Adapter
Cable that is appropriate for the computer you are installing (see KVM
Adapter Cables, page 5 for details).
Note: The switches do not support distances that exceed 40 m between
themselves and the KVM Adapter Cable.
3. Connect the KVM Adapter Cable to the computer. Refer to the installation
diagram on the previous page for details.
4. Use the power cord supplied with this package to connect the KVM switch
to an AC power source.
5. Repeat steps 1–4 for any other switches you want to add to the chain.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
6. Power up the installation according to the following procedure:
a) Power up the First Station. Wait for the unit to ascertain its Station ID
and display it on the Station ID LED. (The Station ID for the First Stage
unit is 01, the ID for the Second Stage unit is 02, the ID for the Third
Stage unit is 03, etc.)
b) Power on each station in turn (Second Station, then Third Station, etc.).
In each case, wait for the Station ID to be ascertained and displayed
before powering on the next station.
c) After all the Stations are up, power on the computers.
Daisy Chain Installation Diagram
KH1516i
KH1516
KH1516
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Chapter 3
Basic Operation
Port Selection
KH1508i / KH1516i installations provide three methods to obtain instant
access to any computer in your installation: Manual, OSD, and Hotkey.
Manual
For manual port selection, simply press the Port Switch that corresponds to the
device you wish to access.
OSD
OSD (On Screen Display), provides a menu driven interface to the computer
switching procedure. The KH1508i / KH1516i provides two OSD systems: A
text-based OSD when you log in from a local console; and a graphical OSD
when you log in remotely over the internet. Local console OSD operation is
discussed in the next chapter; graphical OSD operation is discussed in
Chapter 7 (for Windows logins) and Chapter 8 (for Java logins).
Keyboard Hotkeys
Hotkeys allow you to conveniently provide KVM focus to a particular
computer from the local console keyboard, instead of having to manually select
them by pressing Port Selection switches. See Keyboard Port Operation,
page 34, for details.
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Hot Plugging
The KH1508i / KH1516i supports hot plugging – components can be removed
and added back into the installation by unplugging and replugging their cables
from their ports without the need to shut the unit down. In order for hot
plugging to work properly, however, the procedures described below must be
followed.
Hot Plugging Stations
You can switch station positions by simply unplugging from the old parent and
plugging into a new one. After you do, in order for the OSD menus to
correspond to the change, you must reset the OSD. See RESET STATION IDS,
page 29, for details.
Hot Plugging KVM Ports
After switching KVM ports, in order for the OSD menus to correspond to the
change, you must manually reconfigure the OSD information for the new Port
information. See F3 SET, page 26, and the Port Setting selections under the F4
ADM function, page 29, for details.
Note: If the computer’s Operating System doesn’t support hot plugging, this
function may not work properly.
Hot Plugging Console Ports:
Keyboard, monitor, and mouse can all be hot plugged. When hot plugging
the mouse:
Š You may unplug the mouse and plug it back in again (to reset the mouse,
for example), as long as you use the same mouse.
Š If you plug in a different mouse, all the stations and all the computers on
the installation must be shut down for 10 seconds, then restarted following
the Power Up Sequence described under Step 6 on page 16.)
Note: If, after hot plugging (or at any other time), there is no response to
keyboard and/or mouse input, perform a Keyboard and Mouse Reset
by pressing in the Reset switch (see page 7).
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Chapter 3. Basic Operation
Powering Off and Restarting
If it becomes necessary to power off the KH1508i / KH1516i, or if the switch
loses power and needs to be restarted, before starting it back up you must
follow these procedures:
1. Shut down all the computers that are attached to it.
Note: You must unplug the power cords of any computers that have the
Keyboard Power On function.
2. Wait 10 seconds then power it back on. If you have shut down more than
one station, power up the highest station first and work your way down to
the lowest one. Wait for each station to display its Station ID on the front
panel LED before powering on the next one.
3. After the station(s) is (are) up, power the computers back on.
Port ID Numbering
Each computer on the installation is assigned a unique Port ID. The Port ID is
a one or two segment number that is determined by the Stage Level and KVM
Port number of the KVM switch that the computer is connected to.
The first segment represents the KVM Port number of the First Stage unit; the
second segment represents the KVM Port number of the Second Stage unit.
A computer attached to a First Stage unit has a one segment Port ID (from 1-16)
that corresponds to the KVM Port number that it is connected to.
A computer attached to a Second Stage unit has a two segment Port ID:
Š The second segment (from 1-16), represents the KVM Port number on the
Second Stage unit that the computer is connected to. The first segment
(from 1-16) represents the KVM Port number on the First Stage unit that
the Second Stage unit links back to.
Š For example, a Port ID of 12 - 3 refers to a computer that is connected to
KVM Port 3 of a Second Stage unit that links back to KVM Port 12 of the
First Stage unit.
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This Page Intentionally Left Blank
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Chapter 4
Local Console Operation
Overview
When setting up your KH1508i / KH1516i installation for the first time, we
recommend doing it from the local console. Local console operation offers a
menu driven On Screen Display (OSD) to handle computer control and
switching operations.
All procedures start from the OSD Main Screen. To pop up the Main Screen,
tap [Scroll Lock] twice.
Note: [Scroll Lock] is the default OSD hotkey. You can optionally change the
Hotkey to the Ctrl key (see OSD HOTKEY, page 26).
The login screen appears:
Enter a valid Username and password to continue.
Note: 1. The default username is administrator; the default password is
password. The first time you log in, you must use these defaults. For
security purposes, we strongly recommend that you change the
default password to something unique.
2. Usernames and passwords cannot be managed from the local console.
User management is handled via remote administration. See User
Management, page 65 for details.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
The OSD Main Screen
After you successfully log in, a screen similar to the one below appears:
Note: 1. The screen depicts the Administrator's Main Screen. The User Main
Screen does not show the F4 or F6 function since it is reserved for the
Administrator and can't be accessed by ordinary Users.
2. The OSD always starts in List view, with the highlight bar at the same
position it was in the last time it was closed.
3. Only the ports that have been set accessible by the Administrator for
the currently logged in User are visible (see Port Access, page 67, for
details).
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
OSD Navigation
Š To dismiss the menu, and deactivate the OSD, Click the X at the upper
right corner of the OSD Window; or press [Esc].
Š To Logout, Click F8 or the ZZZ symbol at the top of the Main Screen, or
press [F8].
Š The OSD uses a tree view. To see the ports for a particular station, click
the plus sign [ + ] in front of the Station Number or move the Highlight
Bar to the station then press [Enter]. The Port Number list drops down. To
dismiss the list, click the circle symbol [ o ] in front of the Station Number.
Š To move up or down through the list one line at a time, Click the Up and
Down Triangle symbols (ST) or use the Up and Down Arrow Keys. If
there are more list entries than there is room for on the Main Screen, the
screen will scroll.
Š To move up or down through the list one screen at a time, Click the Up and
Down Arrow symbols (ÏÐ), or use the [Pg Up] and [Pg Dn] keys. If there
are more list entries than there is room for on the Main Screen, the screen
will scroll.
Š To bring the KVM focus to a port, Double Click it, or move the Highlight
Bar to it then press [Enter].
Š After executing any action, you automatically go back to the menu one
level above.
OSD Main Screen Headings
Heading
Explanation
SN-PN
This column lists the Port ID numbers (Station Number - Port Number)
for all the Computer Ports on the installation. The simplest method to
access a particular computer is move the Highlight Bar to the port
entry, then press Enter.
QV
If a port has selected for Quick View scanning (see SET QUICK VIEW
PORTS, page 28), an arrowhead displays in this column to indicate so.
The computers that are powered on and are On Line have a Sun
symbol in this column to indicate so.
NAME
If a port has been given a name (see EDIT PORT NAMES, page 29),
its name appears in this column.
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OSD Functions
OSD functions are used to configure and control the OSD. For example,
rapidly switching to any port; scanning only selected ports; limiting the list of
ports you wish to view; designating a port as a Quick View Port; managing port
names; or making OSD setting adjustments.
To access an OSD function:
1. Either Click a Function Key field at the top of the Main Screen, or press a
Function Key on the keyboard.
2. In the Submenus that appear make a choice by either double clicking it, or
by moving the Highlight Bar to it, and pressing [Enter].
3. Press [Esc] to return to the previous menu level.
F1 GOTO
GOTO allows you to switch directly to a port either by keying in the port's
Name, or its Port ID.
Š To use the Name method, key in 1; key in the port's Name; then press
[Enter].
Š To use the Port ID method, key in 2; key in the Port ID; then press
[Enter].
Note: 1. You can key in a partial Name or Port ID. In that case, the screen will
show all the computers that the User has View rights to, that match the
Name or Port ID pattern, regardless of the current List settings (see
F2 LIST, page 25, for details).
2. Port access rights are assigned via the remote OSD. See Port Access,
page 67, for details.
To return to the OSD Main Screen without making a choice, press [Esc].
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
F2 LIST
This function lets you broaden or narrow the scope of which ports the OSD
displays (lists) on the Main OSD Screen. Many of the OSD functions only
operate on the computers that are listed on the Main OSD Screen. The submenu
choices and their meanings are given in the table below:
Choice
Meaning
ALL
Lists all of the ports on the installation.
POWERED ON
Lists only the ports that have their attached computers Powered
On.
QVIEW
Lists only the ports that have been selected as Quick View Ports
(see SET QUICK VIEW PORTS, page 28).
QVIEW +
POWERED ON
Lists only the ports that have been selected as Quick View Ports
(see SET QUICK VIEW PORTS, page 28, and that have their
attached computers Powered On.
Move the Highlight Bar to the choice you want, then press [Enter]. An icon
appears before the choice to indicate that it is the currently selected one.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
F3 SET
This function allows the Administrator and each User to set up their own
working environment. A separate profile for each is stored by the OSD and is
activated according to the Username that is provided during Login.
To change a setting:
1. Move the highlight bar to it, then press [Enter].
2. After you select an item, a submenu with further choices appears. To make
a selection, move the Highlight Bar to it, then press [Enter]. An icon
appears before the selected choice to indicate which one it is. The settings
are explained in the following table:
Setting
OSD HOTKEY
Function
Selects which Hotkey activates the OSD function:
[Scroll Lock] [Scroll Lock] or [Ctrl] [Ctrl].
Since the Ctrl key combination may conflict with programs running
on the computers, the default is the Scroll Lock combination.
PORT ID
DISPLAY
POSITION
Allows you to position where the Port ID appears on the monitor.
The default is the upper left corner, but you can have it appear
anywhere on the screen.
Use the Arrow Keys plus Pg Up, Pg Dn, Home, End, and 5 (on the
numeric keypad with Num Lock off), to position the Port ID display,
then press [Enter] to lock the position and return to the Set
submenu.
PORT ID
DISPLAY
DURATION
Determines how long a Port ID displays on the monitor after a port
change has taken place. The choices are:
User Defined - which lets you select the amount of time (from
0–255 sec.); and
Always On - which displays the Port ID at all times.
If you select User Defined, key in the number of seconds, then
press [Enter].
The default is 5 Seconds. A setting of 0 (zero) disables this
function.
PORT ID
DISPLAY
MODE
Selects how the Port ID is displayed: the Port Number alone
(PORT NUMBER); the Port Name alone (PORT NAME); or the
Port Number plus the Port Name (PORT NUMBER + PORT
NAME). The default is PORT NUMBER + PORT NAME).
(Continues on next page.)
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
(Continued from previous page.)
Setting
Function
SCAN
DURATION
Determines how long the focus dwells on each port as it cycles
through the selected ports in Auto Scan Mode (see F7 SCAN,
page 32). Key in a value from 0–255 seconds, then press [Enter].
Default is 10 seconds; a setting of 0 disables the Scan function.
SCAN/SKIP
MODE
Selects which computers will be accessed under Skip Mode (see
F5 SKP, page 31), and Auto Scan Mode (see F7 SCAN, page 32).
Choices are:
ALL - All the Ports which have been set Accessible (see Port
Access, page 67);
POWERED ON - Only those Ports which have been set
Accessible and are Powered On;
QUICK VIEW - Only those Ports which have been set Accessible
and have been selected as Quick View Ports (see SET QUICK
VIEW PORTS, page 28);
QUICK VIEW + POWERED ON - Only those Ports which have
been set Accessible and have been selected as Quick View Ports
and are Powered On.
The default is ALL.
SCREEN
BLANKER
If there is no input from the console for the amount of time set with
this function, the screen is blanked. Key in a value from
0–30 minutes, then press [Enter]. A setting of 0 disables this
function. The default is 0 (disabled).
HOTKEY
COMMAND
MODE
Enables / Disables the Hotkey Command function in case a
conflict with programs running on the computers occurs. The
default is ON.
HOTKEY
This setting selects the Hotkey invocation keys (see Keyboard Port
Operation, page 34). Choices are:
[Num Lock] + [–] or [Ctrl] + [F12]
The default is [Num Lock] + [–].
SET LOGOUT
TIMEOUT
If there is no input from the console for the amount of time set with
this function, the Operator is automatically logged out. A login is
necessary before the console can be used again.
This enables other Operators to gain access to the computers
when the original Operator is no longer accessing them, but has
forgotten to log out. To set the timeout value, key in a number from
0–180 minutes, then press [Enter]. If the number is 0 (zero), this
function is disabled. Default is 0 (disabled).
(Continues on next page.)
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
(Continued from previous page.)
Setting
ACTIVATE
BEEPER
Function
Choices are Y (for Yes), or N (for No). When activated, the beeper
sounds whenever a Port is changed, when activating the Auto Scan
function (see F7 SCAN, page 32), or an invalid entry is made on an
OSD menu. The default is Y (activated).
SET QUICK
This function lets the Administrator select which Ports to include as
VIEW PORTS Quick View ports.
Š To select/deselect a port as a Quick View Port, use the Navigation
Keys to move the highlight bar to it, then press the [Spacebar].
Š When a port has been selected as a Quick View Port, an arrowhead
displays in the QV column of the LIST on the Main Screen to
indicate so. When a port is deselected, the arrowhead disappears.
Š If one of the Quick View options is chosen for the LIST view (see F2
LIST, page 25), only a Port that has been selected here will display
on the List.
Š If one of the Quick View options is chosen for Auto Scanning (see
SCAN/SKIP MODE, page 27), only a Port that has been selected
here will be Auto Scanned.
The default is for no ports to be selected.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
F4 ADM
F4 is an Administrator only function. It allows the Administrator to configure
and control the overall operation of the OSD. To change a setting use the Up
and Down Arrow Keys to move the highlight bar to it then press [Enter].
After you select an item, a submenu with further choices appears. Move the
Highlight Bar to the choice you want, then press [Enter]. An icon appears
before the selected choice so that you know which one it is. The settings are
explained in the following table:
Setting
EDIT PORT
NAMES
Function
To help remember which computer is attached to a particular port,
every port can be given a name. This function allows the Administrator
to create, modify, or delete port names. To Edit a port name:
1. Click the port you want, or use the Navigation Keys to move the
highlight bar to it, then press [Enter].
2. Key in the new Port Name, or modify/delete the old one. The maximum number of characters allowed for the Port Name is 12. Legal
characters include:
Š All alpha characters: A–Z*
Š All numeric characters: 0–9
Š - and Space
*Case does not matter; the OSD displays the Port Name in all
capitals no matter how they were keyed in.
3. When you have finished editing, press [Enter] to have the change
take effect. To abort the change, press Esc.
RESTORE
DEFAULT
VALUES
This function is used to undo all changes and return the setup to the
original factory default settings (see OSD Factory Default Settings,
page 153) – except for the Names settings that were assigned to the
Ports, which are saved.
CLEAR THE
NAME LIST
This function is similar to Restore Default Values. The difference is that
it also clears the Names settings along with undoing all changes and
returning the setup to the original factory default settings.
RESET
If you change the position of one of the Stations in the daisy chain, the
STATION IDS OSD settings will no longer correspond to the new situation. This
function directs the OSD to rescan the Station positions of the entire
installation and updates the OSD so that the OSD Station information
corresponds to the new physical layout.
Note: Only the Station Numbers get updated. Except for the Port
Names, all Administrator settings (such as Set Accessible Ports, Set
Quick View Ports, etc.), for all of the computers affected by the change,
have to be manually redone.
(Continues on next page.)
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
(Continued from previous page.)
Setting
Function
SET
OPERATING
SYSTEM
Specifies the operating platform of the computer attached to each port.
For each port, press the [Spacebar] to cycle through the choices (PC,
Mac, Sun, and Other). Repeat until all the ports have been set, then
press [Esc]. The default is PC.
Note: If you are installing a Sun or Mac computer, before you run it for
the first time you must set the correct operating system for the port it is
connected to with this function; otherwise, it will not boot.
SET CAT 5
LENGTH
Lets you specify how long the Cat 5 cable between the port and the
KVM adapter cable is. Press [Spacebar] to cycle through the cable
length settings:
S: Short – for up to 25 m
M: Medium – for between 20 and 40 m
L: Long – for above 35 m
An S, M, or L appears next to the port to indicate the choice.
SET
KEYBOARD
LANGUAGE
Sets the keyboard language layout for the computers attached to each
port. Press [Spacebar] to cycle through the choices: English (US);
English (UK); French; German; Japanese; Korean; Traditional
Chinese; and Spanish. The default is English (US).
FIRMWARE
UPGRADE
In order to upgrade the KH1508i / KH1516i’s firmware (see KH1508i /
KH1516i Mainboard Upgrade, page 40) you must first enable
Firmware Upgrade Mode with this setting.
When you bring up this menu, the current firmware version levels
display. Select Y to enable Firmware Upgrade Mode, or N to leave this
menu without enabling it.
ADAPTER
UPGRADE
In order to upgrade an Adapter Cables’ firmware (see Adapter Cable
Upgrade, page 46), you must first enable its Upgrade Mode with this
setting. Press [Spacebar] to select the KVM Adapter Cable you want
to upgrade.
When you select a KVM Adapter Cable, its current firmware version
levels display. Select Y to enable Firmware Upgrade Mode, or N to
leave this menu without enabling it.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
F5 SKP
This function enables you to easily skip backward or forward, switching the
console focus from the currently active KVM Port to the previous or next
available one.
Š The selection of computers to be available for Skip Mode switching is
made with the Scan/Skip Mode setting under the F3 SET function
(see page 26).
Š When you are in Skip Mode, press:
←
To skip from the current port to the previous port in the List.
→
To skip from the current port to the next port in the List.
↑
To skip from the current port to the last port of the previous station
in the List.
↓
To skip from the current port to the first port of the next station in
the List.
Note: When you Skip, you only Skip to the previous or next available
computer that is in the Scan/Skip Mode selection (see page 27).
Š If a Port has been selected for Scan/Skip Mode, when the focus switches to
that port a Left/Right Triangle symbol appears before its Port ID Display
to indicate so.
Š While Skip Mode is in effect, the console will not function normally. You
must exit Skip Mode in order to regain control of the console.
Š To exit Skip Mode, press the [Spacebar] or [Esc].
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F6 IP
This function allows you to select whether to assign the KH1508i / KH1516i’s
IP address dynamically (DHCP), or to give it a fixed IP address. Press [Enter]
to toggle between the choices.
If you toggle DHCP Enable to Off, specify the IP, Mask, and Gateway in the
appropriate fields.
Press [Esc] to exit after you have finished with your choice.
F7 SCAN
Pressing [F7] invokes Auto Scan Mode. This function allows you to
automatically switch among the available computers at regular intervals so that
you can monitor their activity without having to take the trouble of switching
manually.
Š The selection of computers to be included for Auto Scanning is made with
the Scan/Skip Mode setting under the F3 SET function (see page 26).
Š The amount of time that each Port displays for is set with the Scan
Duration setting under the F3 SET function (see page 26). When you
want to stop at a particular location, press the [Spacebar] to stop scanning
and exit Auto Scan Mode.
Š If the scanning stops on an empty port, or one where the computer is
attached but is powered Off, the monitor screen will be blank, and the
mouse and keyboard will have no effect. Simply wait - after the Scan
Duration time is up, the Scan function will move on to the next port.
Š As each computer is accessed, an S appears in front of the Port ID display
to indicate that it is being accessed under Auto Scan Mode.
Š While Auto Scan Mode is in effect, the console will not function normally.
You must exit Auto Scan Mode in order to regain control of the console.
Š While you are in Auto Scan Mode, you can pause the scanning in order to
keep the focus on a particular computer by pressing P. See Invoking Auto
Scan, page 37, for details.
Š To exit Auto Scan Mode, press [Spacebar] or [Esc].
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
F8 LOUT
Pressing [F8] logs you out of OSD control of the computers, and blanks the
Console screen. This is different from simply pressing [Esc] when you are at
the Main Screen to deactivate the OSD. With this function you must log in all
over again to regain access to the OSD, whereas with [Esc], all you have to do
to reenter the OSD is tap the OSD Hotkey.
Note: 1. When you reenter the OSD after logging out, the screen stays blank
except for the OSD Main Screen. You must input your password
before you can continue.
2. If you reenter the OSD after logging out, and immediately use [Esc]
to deactivate the OSD without having selected a port from the OSD
menu, a Null Port message displays on the screen. The OSD Hotkey
will bring up the Main OSD Screen.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Keyboard Port Operation
Overview
In addition to the OSD, the KH1508i / KH1516i also supports port control
directly from the keyboard with the use of hotkey combinations.
Hotkey port control allows you to provide KVM focus to a particular computer
directly from the keyboard. The KH1508i / KH1516i provides the following
Hotkey Port Control features:
Š Selecting the Active Port
Š Auto Scanning
Š Skip Mode Switching
Š Beeping to indicate a port switch
Invoking Hotkey Mode
All Hotkey operations begin by invoking Hotkey Mode. Invoking Hotkey
Mode takes three steps:
1. Hold down the Num Lock key;
2. Press and release the minus key;
3. Release the Num Lock key:
[Num Lock] + [-];
Note: The minus key must be released within one half second, otherwise
Hotkey invocation is cancelled and it has no effect.
(Continues on next page.)
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
(Continued from previous page.)
When Hotkey Mode is active:
Š The Caps Lock, and Scroll Lock LEDs flash in succession to indicate
Hotkey Mode is active. They stop flashing and revert to normal status
when you exit Hotkey Mode.
Š A Command Line appears on the monitor screen. The command line
prompt is the word Hotkey: in yellow text on a blue background, and
displays the subsequent Hotkey information that you key in.
Š Ordinary keyboard and mouse functions are suspended - only Hotkey
compliant keystrokes (described in the sections that follow), can be input.
Š Pressing [Esc] exits Hotkey Mode.
Selecting the Active Port
Each Computer Port is assigned a Port ID (see Port ID Numbering, page 19).
You can directly access any computer on the installation with a Hotkey
combination that specifies the Port ID of the Computer Port that the computer
is connected to. The steps involved are:
1. Invoke Hotkey Mode (see page 34).
2. Key in the Port ID
The Port ID numbers display on the Command Line as you key them in. If
you make a mistake, use [Backspace] to erase the wrong number.
Note: 1. Just key in the numbers; do not key in the dash.
2. If the port you want to switch to is on the current station, you can
just key in the port number – you do not need to key in the station
number.
3. Press [Enter]
After you press [Enter], the KVM focus switches to the designated
computer and you automatically exit Hotkey Mode.
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Auto Scanning
Auto Scan automatically switches among all the active Computer Ports that are
accessible to the currently logged on User at regular intervals, so that he can
monitor their activity automatically. (See SCAN/SKIP MODE of the OSD F3
SET function, page 26 for information regarding accessible ports).
Setting the Scan Interval
The amount of time Auto Scan dwells on each port is set with the SCAN
DURATION setting of the OSD F3 SET function (see page 26). You can
change the scan interval before activating Hotkey Auto Scanning, if you wish,
with the following Hotkey combination:
1. Invoke Hotkey Mode (see page 34).
2. Key in [T] [n]
Where [T] is the letter T, and [n] is a number from 1-255 that represents
the number of seconds for the dwell time.
The letter T and the numbers display on the Command Line as you key
them in. If you make a mistake, use [Backspace] to erase the wrong
number.
3. Press [Enter]
After you press [Enter], you automatically exit Hotkey Mode, and are
ready to invoke Auto Scanning.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
Invoking Auto Scan
To start Auto Scanning, key in the following Hotkey combination:
1. Invoke Hotkey Mode (see page 34).
2. Press [A].
After you press A, you automatically exit Hotkey Mode, and enter Auto
Scan Mode, and Auto Scanning begins.
Š While you are in Auto Scan Mode, you can pause the scanning in order
to keep the focus on a particular computer by pressing P or clicking
with the mouse. During the time that Auto Scanning is paused, the
Command Line displays: Auto Scan: Paused.
Pausing when you want to keep the focus on a particular computer is
more convenient than Exiting Auto Scan Mode because when you
Resume scanning, you start from where you left off. If, on the other
hand, you Exited and restarted, Scanning would start over from the
very first computer on the installation.
To resume Auto Scanning, press any key or click with the mouse.
Scanning continues from where it left off.
Š While Auto Scan Mode is in effect, ordinary keyboard and mouse
functions are suspended - only Auto Scan Mode compliant keystrokes
can be input. You must exit Auto Scan Mode in order to regain normal
control of the console.
3. To exit Auto Scan Mode press [Esc] or [Spacebar]. Auto Scanning stops
when you exit Auto Scan Mode.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Skip Mode
This feature allows you to switch between computers in order to monitor them
manually. You can dwell on a particular port for as long or as little as you like
- as opposed to Auto Scanning, which automatically switches after a fixed
interval. To invoke Skip Mode, key in the following Hotkey combination:
1. Invoke Hotkey Mode (see page 34).
2. Key in [Arrow]
Š Where [Arrow] refers to one of the Arrow keys. After you press
[Arrow], you automatically exit Hotkey Mode, and enter Skip Mode
where you can switch ports as follows:
←
Skips from the current port to the first accessible port previous to it.
(See SCAN/SKIP MODE, page 27, for information regarding
accessible ports.)
→
Skips from the current port to the next accessible port.
↑
Skips from the current port to the last accessible port of the previous
Station.
↓
Skips from the current port to the first accessible port of the next
Station.
Š Once you are in Skip Mode, you can keep on skipping by pressing the
Arrow keys. You don't have to use the [NumLock] + [-] combination
again.
Š While Skip Mode is in effect, ordinary keyboard and mouse functions
are suspended - only Skip Mode compliant keystrokes can be input.
You must exit Skip Mode in order to regain normal control of the
console.
3. To exit Skip Mode, press [Esc] or [Spacebar].
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
Hotkey Beeper Control
The Beeper (see ACTIVATE BEEPER, page 28) can be Hotkey toggled On and
Off. When the beeper is set to On, the KH1508i / KH1516i beeps when it
switches ports. To toggle the Beeper, key in the following Hotkey
combination:
1. Invoke Hotkey Mode (see page 34).
2. Press [B]
After you press B, the Beeper toggles On or Off. The Command Line displays
Beeper On or Beeper Off for one second; then the message disappears and you
automatically exit Hotkey Mode.
Hotkey Summary Table
The following table summarizes Hotkey operations on the KH1508i /
KH1516i:
[Num Lock] + [-]
[Port ID] [Enter]
Switches access to the computer that
corresponds to that Port ID.
[T] [n] [Enter]
Sets the Auto Scan interval to n seconds where n is a number from 0–255.
[A]
Invokes Auto Scan Mode.
When Auto Scan Mode is in effect, [P] pauses
Auto Scanning.
When Auto Scanning is paused, pressing any
key resumes Auto Scanning.
[← ]
Invokes Skip Mode and skips from the current
port to the first accessible port previous to it.
[→ ]
Invokes Skip Mode and skips from the current
port to the next accessible port.
[↑ ]
Invokes Skip Mode and skips from the current
port to the last accessible port of the previous
Station.
[↓ ]
Invokes Skip Mode and skips from the current
port to the first accessible port of the next
Station.
[B]
Toggles the Beeper On or Off.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Firmware Upgrade
KH1508i / KH1516i Mainboard Upgrade
New firmware upgrade packages are posted on our website as they become
available. Check the website regularly to find the latest packages and
information relating to them. This chapter explains how to upgrade the
KH1508i / KH1516i’s mainboard firmware.
Note: When you upgrade the mainboard firmware, you must upgrade the
browser firmware to the latest version (if it isn’t already at the latest
version). Upgrading the browser firmware is described on page 56.
Before You Begin
To prepare for the firmware upgrade, do the following:
1. From a computer that is not part of your KVM installation go to our
website and choose the model name that relates to your device to get a list
of available firmware upgrade files.
2. Choose the mainboard firmware upgrade file and download it to your
computer. It will have a name like kh1508i-1516i_main_v.xxxx.exe
(where xxxx stands for the version number). The higher the number the
newer the file.
3. Use the Firmware Upgrade Cable (provided with this unit), to connect a
COM port on your computer to the Firmware Upgrade Port of the
KH1508i / KH1516i.
Note: On a daisy chained installation, the chained stations will
automatically receive the upgrade via the daisy chain cables.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
4. Shut down all of the computers - but not the Stations - on your KVM
installation.
5. From your KVM switch console, bring up the OSD (see page 21) and
select the F4ADM function.
6. Scroll down to FIRMWARE UPGRADE. Press [Enter], then press [Y] to
invoke Firmware Upgrade Mode (see page 30) For your reference, the
current firmware upgrade version displays on the screen.
Starting the Upgrade
To upgrade your firmware:
1. Run the downloaded Firmware Upgrade Package file - either by double
clicking the file icon, or by opening a command line and keying in the full
path to it.
The Firmware Upgrade Utility Welcome screen appears:
2. Read and Agree to the License Agreement (enable the I Agree radio
button).
(Continues on next page.)
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
(Continued from previous page.)
3. Click Next to continue. The Firmware Upgrade Utility main screen
appears:
The Utility inspects your installation. All the devices capable of being
upgraded by the package are listed in the Device List panel.
(Continues on next page.)
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
(Continued from previous page.)
4. After you have made your selection(s), Click Next to perform the upgrade.
Š If you enabled Check Firmware Version, the Utility compares the
device's firmware level with that of the upgrade files. If it finds that the
device's version is higher than the upgrade version, it brings up a
dialog box informing you of the situation and gives you the option to
Continue or Cancel:
.
If you didn't enable Check Firmware Version, the Utility installs the
upgrade files without checking whether they are a higher level, or not.
Š As the Upgrade proceeds status messages appear in the Status
Messages panel, and the progress toward completion is shown on the
Progress bar.
Š To abort the upgrade procedure before it completes, click Cancel.
If you cancel before completion, a dialog box appears warning you that
quitting at this point may cause the device’s firmware to be lost, and
you are given the option to proceed or abort the cancel operation.
To recover from a “lost firmware” situation, see Firmware Upgrade
Recovery, page 45.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Upgrade Succeeded:
After the upgrade has completed, a screen appears to inform you that the
procedure was successful:
Click Finish to close the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Upgrade Failed:
If the upgrade failed to complete successfully a dialog box appears asking if
you want to retry. Click Yes to retry. If you Click No, the Upgrade Failed
screen appears:
Click Cancel to close the Firmware Upgrade Utility. See the next section,
Firmware Upgrade Recovery, for how to proceed.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
Firmware Upgrade Recovery
There are basically four conditions that call for firmware upgrade recovery:
1. When a firmware upgrade procedure is interrupted due to a power failure
or loss of network connection.
2. When the unit’s firmware becomes corrupted for some reason and you are
unable to operate it.
3. When you invoke Firmware Upgrade Mode (see FIRMWARE UPGRADE,
page 30), but decide not to proceed with the upgrade.
4. When a firmware upgrade procedure fails.
To perform a firmware upgrade recovery, do the following:
1. Slide the Firmware Upgrade Recovery Switch (see page 7) to the Recover
position.
2. Power off and restart the switch according to the instructions given in the
Powering Off and Restarting section (see page 19).
3. Repeat the upgrade procedure starting with Starting the Upgrade, page 41.
4. When the upgrade ends, power off the switch
5. Slide the Firmware Upgrade Recovery Switch back to the Normal
position.
6. Restart the switch according to the instructions given in the Powering Off
and Restarting section (see page 19).
Note: 1. In condition 1, mentioned above, the IP module may fail and require
a special procedure to recover. In that case, see IP Module Firmware
Upgrade Recovery, page 155, for how to proceed.
2. If one of the daisy chained units fails to upgrade, unchain it from the
installation and perform the recovery and upgrade operation on it
independently. After it has been successfully upgraded, plug it back
into the chain
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Adapter Cable Upgrade
The firmware for the KA9520, KA9570, and KA9130 KVM Adapter Cables
can also be upgraded. Check the web site regularly to find the latest packages
and information relating to them:
Before You Begin
To prepare for the firmware upgrade, do the following:
1. From a computer that is not part of your KVM installation go to our
Internet support site and choose the model name that relates to your device
to get a list of available Firmware Upgrade Packages.
2. Choose the Firmware Upgrade Package you want to install (usually the
most recent), and download it to your computer.
Note: The upgrade files for the three adapter cables aren’t packaged
separately. A single upgrade package provides the upgrade files for
all of them.
3. Use the Firmware Upgrade Cable (provided with this unit), to connect a
COM port on your computer to the Firmware Upgrade Port of the
KH1508i / KH1516i.
4. Shut down all of the computers - but not the Stations - on your KVM
installation.
5. From your KVM switch console, bring up the OSD (see page 21) and
select the F4ADM function.
6. Scroll down to ADAPTER UPGRADE. Press [Enter].
7. In the screen that comes up, press [Y] to invoke Upgrade Mode.
Note: 1. A message appears reminding you to connect an adapter cable.
The upgrade takes place via the Cat 5 cable that connects the
adapter cable to the KVM switch, however, so there is no need to
connect a separate firmware upgrade cable. If all the adapter
cables you want to upgrade have already been connected to the
switch, simply ignore the message.
2. All the connected adapter cables get upgraded during a single
upgrade session.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
Starting the Upgrade:
To upgrade your firmware:
1. Run the downloaded Firmware Upgrade Package file - either by double
clicking the file icon, or by opening a command line and keying in the full
path to it.
The Firmware Upgrade Utility Welcome screen appears (see page 41).
2. Read and Agree to the License Agreement (enable the I Agree radio
button), then Click Next to continue. The Firmware Upgrade Utility main
screen appears:
The Utility inspects your installation. All the devices capable of being
upgraded by the package are listed in the Device List panel.
3. After all the devices have been listed, click Next to perform the upgrade.
If you enabled Check Firmware Version, the Utility compares the device's
firmware level with that of the upgrade files. If it finds that the device's
version is higher than the upgrade version, it brings up a dialog box
informing you of the situation and gives you the option to Continue or
Cancel.
If you didn't enable Check Firmware Version, the Utility installs the
upgrade files without checking whether they are a higher level, or not.
As the Upgrade proceeds status messages appear in the Status Messages
panel, and the progress toward completion is shown on the Progress bar.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Upgrade Succeeded:
After the upgrade has completed, a screen appears to inform you that the
procedure was successful:
Click Finish to close the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Note: At the completion of the upgrade the KH1508i / KH1516i restarts.
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Chapter 4. Local Console Operation
Adapter Cable Firmware Upgrade Recovery
There are basically four conditions that call for firmware upgrade recovery:
Š When the unit’s firmware becomes corrupted for some reason and you are
unable to operate it.
Š When you invoke Adapter Upgrade Mode (see ADAPTER UPGRADE,
page 30), but decide not to proceed with the upgrade.
Š When a firmware upgrade procedure is interrupted.
Š When a firmware upgrade procedure fails.
To perform a firmware upgrade recovery, do the following:
1. Unplug the Adapter Cable from the computer it is connected to.
2. Slide its Firmware Upgrade Recovery Switch (located next to the Cat 5
connector) to the Recover position.
3. Plug the adapter cable back into the computer.
4. From your KVM switch console, bring up the OSD (see page 21) and
select the F4ADM function.
5. Scroll down to ADAPTER UPGRADE. Press [Enter].
6. Press [Y] to invoke Upgrade Mode.
7. Repeat the upgrade procedure starting with Starting the Upgrade:,
page 47.
8. After the upgrade completes and the switch restarts, unplug the Adapter
Cable from the computer and slide the Firmware Upgrade Recovery
Switch back to the Normal position.
9. Plug the adapter cable back into the computer.
This completes the recovery procedure.
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This Page Intentionally Left Blank
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Chapter 5
Browser Login
Overview
An On Screen Display (OSD) interface governs remote KH1508i / KH1516i
administration as well as user configuration and port switching operations. The
OSD can be accessed either with a Windows-based client or a Java-based
client. In order to perform remote operations, you must first log in via an
Internet browser to connect to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Logging In
To log in from an Internet browser:
1. Open the browser and specify the IP address of the KH1508i / KH1516i in
the URL bar.
Note: If you don't know the IP address, get it from the KH1508i / KH1516i
administrator.
2. When the Security Alert dialog box appears, accept the certificate – it can
be trusted. (See Trusted Certificates, page 150, for details.)
3. A login page appears:
(Continues on next page.)
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
(Continued from previous page.)
4. Provide a valid Username and Password (set up by the KH1508i /
KH1516i administrator – see User Management, page 65), then Click
Login to continue.
Note: 1. If you supply an invalid login, the authentication routine will
return a message stating, Invalid Username or Password. Please
try again. If you exceed the number of login failures set by the
administrator, a message stating that The page cannot be
displayed, appears. This is done to confuse and discourage
hackers from trying to discover a valid Username and Password.
If you see this message, try logging in again being careful with the
Username and Password.
2. If you are the Administrator and are logging in for the first time,
use the default Username: administrator; and the default
Password: password. For security purposes, we strongly
recommend you remove these and give yourself a unique
Username and Password (see User Management, page 65).
After you have successfully logged in, the KH1508i / KH1516i Main Web
page appears with the General dialog box displayed:
Note: This is the same dialog box that appears whenever you click the General
icon at the top left of the page.
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Chapter 5. Browser Login
Web Page Layout
The General Dialog Box
An explanation of the dialog box fields is given in the table below:
Field
Purpose
Device Name
To make it easier to manage installations that have more than
one KH1508i / KH1516i, each one can be given a name. The
name that was assigned by the administrator to this unit displays
here.
MAC Address
The KH1508i / KH1516i's MAC Address displays here.
Firmware Version
Indicates the KH1508i / KH1516i's current firmware version
level. New versions of the KH1508i / KH1516i's firmware can be
downloaded from our website as they become available. See
Upgrading the Browser Firmware, page 56, for details.
Network Transfer
Rate
Displays the currently selected rate for data transmission. The
network transfer rate is administrator selectable – see Network
Transfer Rate, page 71.
Reset on exit
To save any configuration/administration changes that you have
made in the KH1508i / KH1516i's OSD, place a check here to
have the KH1508i / KH1516i implement the changes you have
made and reset itself when you log out.
Note: This checkbox is only enabled for users who have
administration privileges.
Last IP from DHCP
server
Displays the current IP address of the KH1508i / KH1516i.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Web Page Icons
The purpose of the other icons at the top of the web page are explained in the
table below:
Icon
Function
Sync: Click this icon to synchronize the KH1508i /
KH1516i's time with your computer's time.
Š If both are in the same time zone, the device's time is
changed to match the computer's time.
Š If they are in different time zones, the device's time is
changed to match the computer's time, except that the
time zone difference is still maintained.
Firmware: Click this icon to install new versions of the
KH1508i / KH1516i's firmware. See Upgrading the Browser
Firmware, page 56, for details.
Note: The Firmware icon only displays for users with
administrative permission. It doesn't appear on the web
pages of users who don't have the proper permission.
Logout: You should always click this icon to log out and end
your KH1508i / KH1516i session. If you close the browser
without first logging out, you will have to wait approximately
one minute before logging in again.
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Chapter 5. Browser Login
Web Page Buttons
The purpose of the buttons at the left of the web page are explained in the table
below:
Icon
Purpose
Click this button to download the Windows Client software to
remotely control the KH1508i / KH1516i and the devices
connected to it.
Note: This Windows Client isn't permanent. It becomes
unusable once you exit the webpage. You must download a
new Windows Client each time you log in from your browser.
For platform independence, the Java client allows users that
have Java installed to connect to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Click this button to download the Java Client software to
remotely control the KH1508i / KH1516i and the devices
connected to it.
Note: This Java Client isn't permanent. It becomes
unusable once you exit the webpage. You must download a
new Java Client each time you log in from your browser.
In some instances, administrators don't want the KH1508i /
KH1516i to be accessible by browser. Clicking this button
allows the user to download the API version of the Windows
Client. Once a user has downloaded the API program, the
administrator can turn off browser access. API operation is
discussed in Chapter 11.
In some instances, administrators don't want the KH1508i /
KH1516i to be accessible by browser. Clicking this button
allows the user to download the API version of the Java
Client. Once a user has downloaded the API program, the
administrator can turn off browser access. API operation is
discussed in Chapter 11.
Clicking this button allows the administrator to download
and install the Log Server application. See Chapter 10 for
Log Server details.
If a Power on the NET™ (PON) module is connected to the
KH1508i / KH1516i, clicking this button brings up it's
interface.
All the events that take place on the KH1508i / KH1516i are
recorded in a log file. Clicking this icon displays the contents
of the log file.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Upgrading the Browser Firmware
New firmware upgrade packages are posted on our website as they become
available. Check the website regularly to find the latest packages and
information relating to them. This section describes how to upgrade the
KH1508i / KH1516i’s brower firmware.
Note: 1. Upgrading the firmware is an administration function and requires
administrator privileges.
2. When you upgrade the browser firmware, you must upgrade the
mainboard firmware to the latest version (if it isn’t already at the
latest version). Upgrading the mainboard firmware is described on
page 40.
To upgrade the firmware, do the following:
1. From a computer that is not part of your KVM installation go to our website and choose the model name that relates to your device to get a list of
available firmware upgrade files.
2. Choose the browser firmware upgrade file and download it to your
computer. It will have a name like kh1508i-1516i_browser_v.xxxx.csf
(where xxxx stands for the version number). The higher the number the
newer the file.
3. Open your browser and log in to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
4. Click the Firmware icon (see page 54) to open the Firmware configuration
dialog box:
5. Click Browse; navigate to the directory that the new firmware file is in
and select the file.
6. Click Upload.
7. After the upload completes, click the Logout icon at the top right of the
web page to exit and reset the KH1508i / KH1516i.
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Chapter 5. Browser Login
Activating the OSD
Windows Client
After you have successfully logged in (see Logging In, page 51), to activate the
browser-based Windows Client OSD do the following:
1. Click the Windows Client button (the one without the arrow) at the left of
the web page.
Note: 1. You must have DirectX 7.0 or higher installed on your computer.
If not, the Windows Client will not load. If you don't already have
it, DirectX is available for free download from Microsoft's
website: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads.
2. The Windows Client button with the arrow is for running the AP
version of the Windows Client (see Chapter 11, AP Operation,
for details).
2. When the file download security warning dialog box appears, click Run.
3. If a second security warning dialog box appears, click Run again.
Note: 1. If the browser cannot run the file, save it to disk, instead. Then,
with your browser still open to the KH1508i / KH1516i web page,
run the file from your disk.
2. If you use the save to disk method, for security purposes, you
cannot simply run a previously downloaded version of the
program. Each time you want to access the KH1508i / KH1516i,
you must log in to the web page with a valid username and
password to download a fresh copy of the program.
(Continues on next page.)
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(Continued from previous page.)
4. When a connection to the KH1508i / KH1516i has been established a
screen similar to the one below appears:
Š If Full Screen Mode is enabled (the box is checked), after you connect
the remote display displays full screen on your local monitor.
Š If Full Screen Mode is not enabled (the box is not checked), after you
connect the remote display appears as a window on your desktop. If the
remote screen is larger than what is able to fit in the window, move the
mouse pointer to the screen border that is closest to the area you want
to view and the screen will scroll.
Š If Keep Screen Size is enabled (the box is checked), after you connect
the remote display is not resized – it runs on your local monitor with its
original resolution
Š If the remote resolution is smaller, its display appears in a window
centered on your screen.
Š If the remote resolution is larger, its display is centered on your
screen. To access the areas that are off screen, move the mouse to
the corner of the screen that is closest to the area you want to view
and the screen will scroll.
Š If Keep Screen Size is not enabled (the box is not checked), after you
connect the remote screen is resized to match your local monitor's
resolution.
5. Click Switch to bring up the OSD.
After you switch to the KH1508i / KH1516i, the OSD comes up with the Main
page and Windows Client Control Panel displayed:
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Chapter 5. Browser Login
The OSD consists of three pages – Main, Configuration, and Administration.
The Administration and Configuration pages are discussed in Chapter 6. The
Main page is discussed in the Windows Client Port Operation chapter, on
page 93.
Note: 1. The Administration tab is disabled for users who don't have
administration permission.
2. There is a small Windows Client Control Panel at the lower right. The
control panel is discussed in detail on page 84.
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Java Client
After you have successfully logged in (see page 51), to activate the Java Client
OSD do the following:
1. Click the Java Client button (the one without the arrow) at the left of the
web page.
Note: You must have Sun's Java 2 JRE 1.4.2 or higher installed on your
computer before running the Java Client. (At the time of writing,
JRE 5.0 Update 5 was the latest release.) Java is available for free
download from the Sun Java website: http://java.sun.com.
2. Accept the security certificates.
3. When the browser dialog asks what to do with the program file, click
Open.
Note: 1. If the browser cannot run the file, save it to disk, instead. Then,
with your browser still open to the KH1508i / KH1516i web page,
run the file from your disk.
2. If you use the save to disk method, for security purposes, you
cannot simply run a previously downloaded version of the
program. Each time you want to access the KH1508i / KH1516i,
you must log in to the web page with a valid username and
password to download a fresh copy of the program.
After a second or two, an Authentication progress window appears:
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Chapter 5. Browser Login
Once the authentication procedure completes successfully, the OSD Main
Screen comes up in the center of your monitor. This is the same OSD that
appears when the Windows Client is invoked.
As with the Windows Client, the OSD consists of three pages – Main,
Configuration, and Administration. The Administration and Configuration
pages are discussed in Chapter 6. The Main page is discussed in the Windows
Client Port Operation chapter, on page 93..
Note: 1. The Administration tab is disabled for users who don't have
administration permission.
2. Instead of a control panel like the one that the Windows Client uses,
the Java Client has a hidden control panel, located at the bottom
center of the screen. The panel becomes visible when the mouse
pointer is moved over it. The functions of the Control Panel icons are
described in the Java Client Port Operation chapter, on page 108.
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Chapter 6
Administration and Configuration
Overview
The remote OSD's Administration page lets the Administrator (and users with
administration permission - see User Management, page 65) configure and
control overall KH1508i / KH1516i operations. The tab that activates the page
is disabled (grayed out) for users who do not have administration permission.
The OSD Configuration page allows users to set up their own, individual,
working environments. The KH1508i / KH1516i stores a separate
configuration record for each user profile, and sets up the working
configuration according to the Username that is used to log in.
The Administration Page
Each of the administrative functions is represented by an icon at the left of the
page. Clicking the icon brings up its associated dialog box. When the
Administration page first comes up the General dialog box appears:
(Continues on next page.)
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
(Continued from previous page.)
General
The General Page presents four items of information. This is the same
information that displays after you log in from a browser, or when you click the
General icon at the top left of the browser main page. The meaning of these
items is described in the table, below:
Item
Meaning
Device Name
This field lets you give the switch a unique name. This can be
convenient when you need to differentiate among several devices
in multi station installations.
MAC Address
This item displays the KH1508i / KH1516i’s MAC address.
Firmware Ver
This item displays the current firmware version number. You can
reference it to see if there are newer versions available on the
Altusen website.
Last IP from
DHCP Server
If the switch is on a network that uses DHCP assigned IP
addresses, this item is a convenient way of ascertaining what its IP
address is, to inform the Users which IP to use when they want to
log in to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Note: If the switch has a fixed IP address, this item doesn’t appear.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
User Management
The User Management dialogs are used to create and manage user profiles. Up
to 64 user profiles can be established. Up to 32 users can log in concurrently.
Š To delete a user profile, select it in the list box, and click Remove.
Š To modify a user profile, select it and click Edit.
Š To add a user, click New.
If you choose Edit or New, a dialog box similar to the one below appears:
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Fill in the required information for a new profile, or modify the existing
information to edit a previous profile. A description of the field headings is
given in the table below:
Heading
Description
Username
A minimum of 6 and a maximum of 16 characters is allowed.
Password
A minimum of 8 and a maximum of 16 characters is allowed.
Confirm Password
To be sure there is no mistake in the password, you are asked
to enter it again. The two entries must match.
Description
Additional information about the user that you may wish to
include.
Admin
Enabling this gives the user Administrator level access to the
KH1508i / KH1516i. All permissions are granted. (See
Permissions, in this table.)
User
Enabling this gives the user User level access to the KH1508i /
KH1516i. Windows Client, Power Manager, and Java Client
permissions are granted. (See Permissions, in this table.)
Select
This button is automatically enabled if the permission choices
selected by the Administrator (in the panel just below) do not
match the default access level choices for Admin or User.
Permissions
These are used together with the Select radio button to set up
permissions that differ from the defaults for Admin and User.
1. Checking Administration gives a User administration privileges, which allows him to set up and modify the KH1508i /
KH1516i's Administration page settings.
2. Checking Windows Client allows a user to access the
KH1508i / KH1516i via the Windows Client software. By
default, all users may access the KH1508i / KH1516i via the
Windows Client software.
3. Checking Log allows a User to view and query the log file.
The Log and Log Server buttons appear on the Main web
page of Users who have Log permission (see the
screenshot on page 52).
4. Checking Power Manager allows a User to connect to
Power on the Net™ devices. The PON button appears on
the Main web page of Users who have Power Manager
permission (see the screenshot on page 52).
5. Checking Java client allows a User to access the KH1508i /
KH1516i via the Java Client software.
(Continues on next page.)
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
(Continued from previous page.)
Port Access
Clicking the Port Access button brings up a dialog box that allows the
Administrator or a User with Administration permission to define the selected
User's access to the computers on a Port-by-Port basis:
Š Click + to expand a Station and show a list of its ports
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Š The access rights choices are explained in he table, below:
Choice
Description
Full
The user can view the remote screen and can perform operations
on the remote system from his keyboard and monitor.
View Only
The user can only view the remote screen; he cannot perform any
operations on it.
None
No access rights - the Port will not show up on the User's list on the
Main Screen.
Š The default setting is Full for all users on all ports.The access rights can be
changed in the following ways:
Š Click directly over an access right to cycle through the choices
Š Move the highlight bar to a port and press + to cycle forward through
the choices
Š Move the highlight bar to a port and press - to cycle backward through
the choices
Š [Shift] Click on any port to have all the ports on the Station cycle
through the choices in unison
Š Hold down [Shift] and tap + to have all the ports on the Station cycle
forward through the choices in unison
Š Hold down [Shift] and tap - to have all the ports on the Station cycle
backward through the choices in unison
Š When you have finished making your choices, click Save.
Š If you want to abandon your choices and exit without saving, click
Cancel.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
Service Configuration
The Service Configuration dialog is composed of two main panels: Access Port
and Log Server:
Access Port
As a security measure, if a firewall is being used, the Administrator can specify
the port numbers that the firewall will allow, and set the firewall accordingly.
Users must specify the port number when they log in to the KH1508i /
KH1516i. If an invalid port number (or no port number) is specified, the
KH1508i / KH1516i will not be found.
An explanation of the fields is given in the table below:
Field
Explanation
Program
This is the port number that must be specified when connecting
from the Windows Client software program. Valid entries are
from 1024–65535. The default is 9000.
Java
This is the port number used for Java Client connections. Valid
entries are from 1024–65535. The default is 9002.
HTTP
The port number for a browser login. The default is 80.
HTTPS
The port number for a secure browser login. The default is 443.
Note: 1. If there is no firewall (on an Intranet, for example), it doesn’t matter
what these numbers are set to, since they have no effect.
2. The access ports cannot have the same value. You must set a different
value for each one.
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Log Server
Important transactions that occur on the KH1508i / KH1516i, such as logins
and internal status messages, are kept in an automatically generated log file.
Specify the MAC address and a port number for the computer that the Log
Server resides on in this panel. The valid port range is 0-65535. The default
port number is 9001.
Installation and operation of the Log Server is discussed in Chapter 10. The
Log File is discussed on page 117.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
Network
The Network dialog is used to specify the KH1508i / KH1516i's network
environment.
Network Transfer Rate
Set the rate at which the KH1508i / KH1516i transfers data to remote
computers. The range is from 8 to 99999 Kilobytes per second (KBps).
IP Address
The KH1508i / KH1516i can either have its IP address assigned dynamically
(DHCP), or it can be given a fixed IP address.
Š For dynamic IP address assignment, select the Obtain an IP address
automatically, radio button.
Š To specify a fixed IP address, select the Set IP address manually, radio
button and fill in the IP address.
DNS Server
Š For automatic DNS Server address assignment, select the Obtain DNS
Server address automatically, radio button.
Š To specify the DNS Server address manually, select the Use the following
DNS Server radio button, and fill in the addresses for the Primary and
Alternate DNS servers.
Note: Specifying at the primary DNS Server address is mandatory. The
alternate DNS Server address is optional.
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Radius
The RADIUS dialog box allows you to set up login authorization for the
KH1508i / KH1516i through a RADIUS server:
To enable RADIUS authorization, do the following:
1. Check Enable Radius.
2. Fill in the IP addresses and Service Ports for the Primary and Alternate
RADIUS servers.
3. Set the time in seconds that the KH1508i / KH1516i waits for a RADIUS
server reply before it times out in the Timeout field.
4. Set the number of RADIUS retries allowed in the Retries field.
5. Key the Shared Secret character string that you want to use for
authentication between the KH1508i / KH1516i and the RADIUS Server
in this field.
6. Set the access rights for each user on the RADIUS server according to the
information in the table on the next page.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
RADIUS Server Access Rights Table:
Character
Meaning
C
Grants the user administrator privileges – allowing system configuration.
W
Allows the user to access the system via the Windows Client program.
J
Allows the user to access the system via the Java Client program.
P
Allows the user to access an attached Power Over the Net™ device.
L
Allows the user to access log information via the user’s browser.
PN
Restricts the user from accessing specified ports on the OSD port list.
Syntax: PN/1/2/3/4 (etc.)
PV
Limits the User to only being able to view specified ports on the OSD
port list.
Syntax: PV/1/2/3/4 (etc.)
UHK
Defines the OSD Hotkey (see page 81).
UHK0: Scroll Lock + Scroll Lock
UHK1: Ctrl + Ctrl
UOL
Defines the OSD List Function (seeThe Main Page, and,Quick View
Ports, page 93).
UOL0: All
UOL1: Powered On
UOL2: Quick View
UOL3: Quick View +Powered On
UODM
Selects how the Port ID displays (see page 81).
UODM0: Port Number + Port Name
UODM1: Port Number
UODM2: Port Name
UODT
Determines the length of time in seconds that the Port ID displays on
the monitor after a port change (see page 81).
Syntax: UODTn (where n represents a number from 0-255)
The default is 10 seconds.
UBUZ
Turns the beeper off or on (see page 81).
UBUZ0: Beeper Off
UBUZ1: Beeper On
ULT
Sets the Logout Timeout. When there is no input from the user for the
amount of time set with this function, the user is automatically logged
out and will need to log in again. The valid Logout Timeout range is from
0-180 minutes.
Syntax: ULTn (where n represents a number from 0 to 180 minutes.
The default is 30 minutes.
(Continues on next page.)
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(Continued from previous page.)
Character
USM
Meaning
Selects which computers the User can access under Auto Scan Mode
(see Scan Select, page 81).
USM0: All
USM1: Powered On
USM2: Quick View
USM3: Quick View + Powered On
UST
Determines the length of time in seconds the KVM focus dwells on each
port in Auto Scan Mode (see Scan Duration, page 81).
Syntax: USTn (where n represents a number from 0–255)
Note: 1. Characters are not case sensitive. Upper or lower case works equally
well.
2. Characters are comma delimited.
3. An invalid character in the configuration string will prohibit access to
the KH1508i / KH1516i for the user.
RADIUS Server Access Rights Examples:
74
c,w,p
User has administrator privileges; user can access the system via the
Windows Client; user can manage the attached Power over the NET
device.
w,j,l
User can access the system via the Windows Client; user can access
the system via the Java Client; user can access log information via the
user’s browser.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
Security
The Security page controls access to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
IP and MAC Filtering
Š If any filters have been configured, they appear in the IP Filter and/or
MAC Filter list boxes.
Š IP and MAC Filters control access to the KH1508i / KH1516i based on the
IP and/or MAC addresses of the computers attempting to connect. A
maximum of 100 IP filters and 100 MAC filters are allowed. To enable IP
and/or MAC filtering, Click to put a check mark in the IP Filter Enable
and/or MAC Filter Enable checkbox.
Š If the include button is checked, all the addresses within the filter range
are allowed access; all other addresses are denied access.
Š If the exclude button is checked, all the addresses within the filter
range are denied access; all other addresses are allowed access.
Š To add a filter, click New. A dialog box similar to the ones below appears:
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Note: Each IP filter can consist of a single address, or a range of addresses.
To filter a single IP address, key in the same address in both the
From and To fields. To filter a continuous range of IP addresses, key
in the start of the range in the From field; key in the end of the range
in the To field.
After you specify the filter addresses, click OK.
Š To delete a filter, select it in the IP Filter and/or MAC Filter list boxes and
click Remove.
Š To modify a filter, select it in the IP Filter and/or MAC Filter list boxes
and click Edit. The Edit dialog box is similar to the New dialog box.
When it comes up, simply delete the old address and replace it with the
new one.
Default Web Page Name
Š The Default web page name entry field lets the Administrator specify a
login string (in addition to the IP address) that the user must include when
accessing the KH1508i / KH1516i with a browser. For example:
192.168.0.126/abcdefg
Š The user must include the forward slash and the string along with the IP
address. For security purposes, we recommend that you change this string
from time to time.
Note: If no login string is specified here, anyone will be able to access the
KH1508i / KH1516i login page using the IP address alone. This
makes your installation less secure.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
Customization
The Customization dialog box is arranged in four major sections, as described
below:
Login Failures
Š Allowed: sets the number of consecutive failed login attempts that are
permitted from a remote computer.
Š Timeout: sets the amount of time a remote computer must wait before
attempting to login again after it has exceeded the number of allowed
failures.
Working Mode
Š If Stealth Mode is enabled, the KH1508i / KH1516i cannot be pinged.
Š To permit browser access to the KH1508i / KH1516i, click to put a check
mark in the Enable Browser checkbox. If browser access is not enabled,
users will not be able to log into the unit via their browsers.
Š If Multiuser Operation is enabled, up to 32 users can simultaneously
access the KH1508i / KH1516i.
Š If Set default to grayscale is enabled, the remote display is changed to
grayscale. This can speed up I/O transfer in low bandwidth situations.
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I/O Modules
Clicking the Attributes button in the I/O Modules section brings up a dialog
box that allows you to set attribute parameters for each of the ports:
Note: KVM Adapter Cables are referred to as I/O Modules in these dialog
boxes.
The port numbers are listed in the column on the left. The port's attributes are
shown to its right.
Š The first column to the right of the port numbers specifies the operating
system that the computer on the connected port is using. Choices are PC,
Mac, Sun, and Other. The default is PC.
Š The next column specifies the OS language that the computer on the
connected port is using. Choices are US English, UK English, French,
German, Korean, Japanese, Spanish, and Traditional Chinese. The default
is US English.
Š The third column specifies the length of the Cat5 cable that is used to
connect the computer to the port. Choices are Short (less than 25m),
Medium
(20–40m), and Long (greater than 35m). The default is Short.
Š To change an attribute:
Š Click on it to cycle through the choices.
Š Navigate to it with the Arrow Keys and press + or - to cycle through
the choices. Hold down [Shift] while you press + or - to have all the
ports on the Station cycle through the attribute choices in unison.
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
Miscellaneous
The functions performed by the remaining elements at the bottom of the screen
are described in the table, below:
Parameter
Explanation
Reset on Exit
Place a check here to have the KH1508i / KH1516i reset itself and
implement all the new settings when you log out. Following the
reset, wait approximately 30 to 60 seconds before logging back in.
Note: For some changes the Reset on exit check box is
automatically selected and the KVM switch will reset when you log
out. Clearing the check mark before logging out will cause the new
settings to be discarded.
Reset Values
Clicking this button undoes all changes that have been made to the
Configuration and Administration pages (except for the Port Names
that were assigned to the Ports - see Port Names, page 96) and
returns the parameters to the original factory default settings (see
OSD Factory Default Settings, page 153).
Clear Name List
This function clears the Port Name settings.
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The Configuration Page
The OSD Configuration page allows users to set up their own, individual,
working environments. The KH1508i / KH1516i stores a separate
configuration record for each user profile, and sets up the working
configuration according to the Username that is used to log in.
The Configuration page settings are explained in the table on the following
page.
(Continues on next page.)
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Chapter 6. Administration and Configuration
(Continued from previous page.)
Setting
Function
OSD Hotkey
Selects which Hotkey controls the OSD function: [Scroll Lock]
[Scroll Lock] or [Ctrl] [Ctrl]. Since the Ctrl key combination may
conflict with programs running on the computers, the default is the
Scroll Lock combination.
ID Display
Selects how the Port ID is displayed: the Port Number alone (PORT
NUMBER); the Port Name alone (PORT NAME); or the Port Number
plus the Port Name (PORT NUMBER + PORT NAME). The default is
PORT NUMBER + PORT NAME.
ID Duration
Determines how long a Port ID displays on the monitor after a port
change has taken place. You can choose an amount from 0 - 255
seconds. The default is 5 Seconds. 0 is Always On.
Scan Select
Selects which computers will be accessed under Auto Scan Mode
(see Auto Scanning, page 103). Choices are: ALL - All the Ports
which have been set Accessible (see Port Access, page 67);
POWERED ON - Only those Ports which have been set Accessible
and are Powered On; QUICK VIEW - Only those Ports which have
been set Accessible and have been selected as Quick View Ports
(see SET QUICK VIEW PORTS, page 28, and Quick View Ports,
page 93); QUICK VIEW + POWERED ON - Only those Ports which
have been set Accessible and have been selected as Quick View
Ports and are Powered On. The default is ALL.
Scan Duration
Determines how long the focus dwells on each port as it cycles
through the selected ports in Auto Scan Mode (see Auto Scanning,
page 103). Key in a value from 0 - 255 seconds. The default is 10
seconds; a setting of 0 disables the Scan function.
Screen Blanker If there is no input from the console for the amount of time set with
this function, the screen is blanked. Key in a value from 0–30
minutes. A setting of 0 disables this function. The default is 0
(disabled).
Logout Timeout If there is no Operator input for the amount of time set with this
function, the Operator is automatically logged out. A login is
necessary before the KH1508i / KH1516i can be accessed again.
Enter a value from 0–180 minutes. The default is 30 minutes. 0
disables the function.
Beeper
When set to ON, the beeper sounds whenever the port is switched,
when activating the Auto Scan function (see Auto Scanning,
page 103), or when an invalid entry is made on an OSD menu. The
default is ON.
Change
Password
Allows a user to change the account password. After clicking the
Change Password button, a dialog box appears. Enter the old
password. Then, enter a new password and confirm it by entering it
again. Press OK to save changes, or press Cancel to discard
changes.
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Chapter 7
Windows Client Port Operation
After you switch to the KH1508i / KH1516i (see page 57), the OSD comes up
with the Main page and Windows Client Control Panel displayed:
The OSD consists of three pages – Main, Configuration, and Administration.
Administration and Configuration are discussed in Chapter 6. The Main page
is discussed in this chapter, beginning on page 93.
Note: The Administration tab is disabled for users who don't have
administration permission.
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Windows Client Control Panel
The control panel consists of an icon bar at the top, with two text bars below it.
Initially, the text bars display the video resolution and IP address of the device
at the remote location. As the mouse pointer moves over the icons in the icon
bar, however, the text bar information changes to describe the icon's function.
The functions that the icons perform are described in the table below.
Icon
Function
Click and drag to move the control panel to another position on the
screen.
Click to bring up the Hotkey Setup dialog box (see Hotkey Setup,
page 85 for details).
Click to bring up the Video Options dialog box. Right-click to perform
a quick Auto Sync (see Video Adjustment, page 87).
Click to bring up the Message Board (see page 90).
Click to send a Ctrl+Alt+Del signal to the remote system.
Click to exit the remote view.
(Space)
Hover over the space to see the video resolution and IP address of
the device at the remote location.
These Lock Key LEDs show the Num Lock, Caps Lock, and Scroll
Lock status of the remote computer. Click on the icon to toggle the
status.
Note: When you first connect, the LED display may not be accurate.
To be sure, click on the LEDs to set them.
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Chapter 7. Windows Client Port Operation
Hotkey Setup
Various configuration actions related to the keyboard, video, and mouse can be
performed via hotkey combinations. The Hotkey setup utility is accessed by
clicking the Keyboard icon on the Control Panel. The actions performed by the
Hotkeys are listed in the left panel; the currently defined keys that invoke the
actions are shown in the panel to the right.
If you find the default Hotkey combinations inconvenient, you can reconfigure them by following these five steps:
1. Highlight the Action, and then Click Start.
2. Key in the Function keys (one at a time). The key names appear in the Key
field as you press them.
3. When you have finished keying in your sequence, Click Stop.
4. Click Set. Repeat for any other actions for which you wish to re-assign
Hotkeys.
5. Click Close.
Note: You can use the same function keys for more than one action, as long
as the first key is not the same. For example, you can use F1 F2 F3 for
one action; F2 F1 F3 for another; F3 F2 F1 for a third, etc.
(Continues on next page.)
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(Continued from previous page.)
An explanation of the Hotkey actions is given in the table below:
Action
Explanation
Exit remote location
Breaks the connection to the KH1508i / KH1516i and returns
you to local operation.
Adjust Video
Brings up the video adjustment utility.
Toggle OSD
Toggles the OSD display Off and On.
Toggle mouse display
If you find the display of the two mouse pointers (local and
remote) to be confusing or annoying, you can use this
function to shrink the non-functioning pointer down to a
barely-noticeable tiny circle - which can be ignored. Since this
function is a toggle - use the hotkeys again to bring the
mouse display back to its original configuration.
Adjust mouse
This utility synchronizes the local and remote mouse
movements following a video resolution change. After
invoking this utility, simply click the local mouse pointer on top
of the remote mouse pointer.
Substitute Alt key
Although all other keyboard input is captured and sent to the
KH1508i / KH1516i, [Alt + Tab] and [Ctrl + Alt + Del] work on
your local computer. In order to implement their effects on the
remote system, another key may be substituted for the Alt
key. If you substitute the F12 key, for example, you would use
[F12 + Tab] and [Ctrl + F12 + Del].
Substitute Ctrl key
If your local computer captures Ctrl key combinations,
preventing them from being sent to the remote system, you
can implement their effects on the remote system by
specifying a function key to substitute for the Ctrl key. If you
substitute the F11 key, for example, pressing [F11 + 5] would
appear to the remote system as [Ctrl + 5].
Note: To invoke an action, you must press and release the keys one key at a
time.
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Video Adjustment
You can adjust the placement and the picture quality of the remote screen (as
displayed on your local monitor) with the Video Options function. To do so,
either click on the Hammer icon on the Control Panel, or use the Adjust Video
hotkeys (see Hotkey Setup, page 85). The following screen appears:
The meanings of the adjustment options are given in the table below.
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:
Option
Usage
Screen Position
Adjust the horizontal and vertical position of the remote
computer window by Clicking the Arrow buttons.
Auto-Sync
Click Auto-Sync to have the function detect the vertical and
horizontal offset values of the remote screen and automatically
synchronize it with the local screen.
If the local and remote mouse pointers are out of sync, in most
cases, performing this function will bring them back into sync.
Note: This function works best with a bright screen.
If you are not satisfied with the results, use the Screen Position
arrows to position the remote display manually.
RGB
Drag the slider bars to adjust the RGB (Red, Green, Blue)
values. When an RGB value is increased, the RGB component
of the image is correspondingly increased.
Gamma
This section allows you to adjust the video display's gamma
level. This function is discussed in detail in the next section,
Gamma Adjustment.
Video Quality
Drag the slider bar to adjust the overall Video Quality. Values can
be from 20 to 100. The larger the value, the clearer the picture
and the more video data goes through the network. Depending
on the network bandwidth, a high value may adversely effect
response time.
Bandwidth Control
This setting adjusts the ratio between picture quality and network
speed. For slow data connections, drag the slider bar to a lower
setting to decrease the amount of video data transferred. This
ensures screen refresh at workable speeds.
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Gamma Adjustment
If it is necessary to correct the gamma level for the remote video display, use
the Gamma function of the Video Adjustment dialog box.
Š Under Basic configuration, there are ten preset and four user-defined
levels to choose from. Drop down the list box and choose the most suitable
one.
Š For greater control, clicking the Advanced button brings up the following
dialog box:
Š Click and drag the diagonal line at as many points as you wish to achieve
the display output you desire.
Š Click Save As to save up to four user-defined configurations derived from
this method. Saved configurations can be recalled from the list box at a
future time.
Š Click Reset to abandon any changes and return the gamma line to its
original diagonal position.
Š Click OK to save your changes and close the dialog box.
Š Click Cancel to abandon your changes and close the dialog box.
Note: For best results, change the gamma while viewing a remote computer.
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The Message Board
The KH1508i / KH1516i supports multiple user logins, which can possibly
give rise to access conflicts. To alleviate this problem, a message board feature
has been provided, allowing users to communicate with each other.
The message board functions much like an Internet chat program does. When
you click the Message Board icon on the Windows Client Control Panel (see
page 84), a screen similar to the one below appears:
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Chapter 7. Windows Client Port Operation
The Button Bar
The buttons on the Button Bar are toggles. Their actions are described in the
table below:
Button
Action
Enable/Disable Chat. When disabled, messages posted to the board
are not displayed. The button is shadowed when Chat is disabled. The
icon displays next to the user's name in the User List panel when the
user has disabled Chat.
Occupy/Release Keyboard/Video/Mouse. When you Occupy the
KVM, other users cannot see the video, and cannot input keyboard or
mouse data. The button is shadowed when the KVM is occupied. The
icon displays next to the user's name in the User List panel when the
user has occupied the KVM.
Occupy/Release Keyboard/Mouse. When you Occupy the KM, other
users can see the video, but cannot input keyboard or mouse data.
The button is shadowed when the KM is occupied. The icon displays
next to the user's name in the User List panel when the user has
occupied the KM.
Show/Hide User List. When you Hide the User List, the User List panel
closes. The button is shadowed when the User List is open.
Message Display Panel
Messages that users post to the board - as well as system messages - display in
this panel. If you disable Chat, however, messages that get posted to the board
won't appear.
Compose Panel
Key in the messages that you want to post to the board in this panel. Click
Send, or press [Enter] to post the message to the board.
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User List Panel
The names of all the logged in users are listed in this panel.
Š Your name appears in blue; other users' names appear in black.
Š By default, messages are posted to all users. To post a message to one
individual user, select the user's name before sending your message.
Š If a user's name is selected, and you want to post a message to all users,
select All Users before sending your message.
Š If a user has disabled Chat, its icon displays before the user's name to
indicate so.
Š If a user has occupied the KVM or the KM, its icon displays before the
user's name to indicate so.
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Chapter 7. Windows Client Port Operation
The Main Page
This page lists all of the KH1508i / KH1516i's ports and governs port access.
Selecting a port and double clicking it switches you to the device on that port.
Note: The administrator selects which ports are accessible to each user with
the User Management function (see page 65 for details).
Š The OSD uses a tree view. To see the ports for a particular station, click
the plus sign [ + ] in front of the Station Number. To dismiss the list, click
the minus sign[ – ] in front of the Station Number.
Š A port icon in the shape of a monitor displays in front of the port number.
Ports that have devices connected to them that are up and running have the
port icon lit in green.
Š Ports that have been selected as Quick View ports (see below), have a red
eye icon displayed with the monitor in the port icon column to indicate so.
Š There are two buttons on the title bar at the top right:
Button
Function
Log out: clicking this button (or pressing F8) closes the OSD
display and logs you out of the KH1508i / KH1516i session.
Close: clicking this button (or pressing [Esc]) closes the OSD
display but does not log you out of the session. You can bring the
display back with the OSD hotkeys (see OSD Hotkey, page 81).
The administrator can also use this page to enable/disable Quick View status
for selected ports, and to create, modify, or delete names for each of the ports.
Quick View Ports
Selecting certain ports as Quick View ports is a way of limiting which ports are
included when the KH1508i / KH1516i is in auto scan mode. If the KH1508i /
KH1516i is configured to only auto scan ports that have Quick View status (see
Scan Select, page 81), designating a port as a Quick View port in this dialog
box means that it will be included when auto scanning is in effect.
The spacebar toggles a port's Quick View status. To select/deselect a port,
highlight it and press the spacebar. When a port has been selected as a Quick
View port, a red eye icon displays with the monitor icon in the port icon
column. When a port isn't selected, there is no red eye icon in the column.
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The List Function
The List Function lets you broaden or narrow the scope of which ports the OSD
displays (lists) in the Main Screen. To invoke the List Function, click the arrow
at the upper right corner of the panel, or press [F3]:
The screen changes to allow you to choose the ports that will be listed:
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Chapter 7. Windows Client Port Operation
The drop down list on the left offers four fixed choices as shown in the table,
below:
Choice
Meaning
All
Lists all of the ports on the installation.
Powered On
Lists only the ports that have their attached devices
powered on.
Quick View
Lists only the ports that have been selected as Quick
View ports
Quick View + Powered On
Lists only the ports that have been selected as Quick
View Ports (see p. 93), and that have their attached
devices Powered On.
The text input box on the right allows you to key in a search condition so that
only port names that match what you key in show up in the List. Wildcards (?
and *) are acceptable, so that more than one port can show up in the list. For
example, if you key in Rn*, both RnD 01 and RnD 02 show up in the list, as
shown in the screenshot, below:
Š After you key in your string, either click the binoculars to the right of the
box, or press [Enter].
Š To go back to the default view, erase the string and either click the
binoculars to the right of the box, or press [Enter].
Š To dismiss the List function, click the arrow or press [F3].
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Port Names
To help remember which computer is attached to a particular port, every port
can be given a name. This field allows the Administrator to create, modify, or
delete port names. To configure a port name:
1. Click once on the port you want to edit, then either press [F2], or click
again on the highlight bar.
Note: This is not a double click. It involves two separate clicks. A double
click will switch you to the device attached to the port.
After a second or two, the bar changes to a text input box:
2. Key in the new Port Name, or modify/delete the old one.
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3. When you have finished editing the port name, click anywhere outside of
the input box to complete the operation.
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Port Operation
Once you select a port on the OSD Main Screen its screen comes up on your
monitor, and your keyboard and mouse input affects the remote system.
Note: The administrator selects which ports are accessible to each user with
the User Management function (see page 65 for details).
The OSD Toolbar
The OSD provides a toolbar to help you control the KH1508i / KH1516i from
within the captured port. To bring up the toolbar, tap the OSD Hotkey twice
(Scroll Lock is the default OSD Hotkey). The toolbar appears at the upper left
corner of the screen:
Š Depending on the settings that were selected under ID Display (see The
Configuration Page, page 80), the Port Number and/or the Port Name
display at the right of the toolbar.
Š When the toolbar displays, mouse input is confined to the toolbar area.
Š Keyboard input has no effect on the computer connected to the port. To
carry out operations on the computer connected to the port, close the
toolbar by clicking the X on it, or by pressing [Esc]. You can also recall
the OSD (see below), and select the port again.
Š While keyboard input has no effect on the computer connected to the port,
you can use the keyboard to perform the following port operation
functions, however:
Š Skip Mode port switching – see Skip Mode, page 104 for details.
Š Auto Scanning – see Invoking Auto Scan, page 103 for details.
Recalling the OSD
To dismiss the toolbar and bring back the OSD display (the Main,
Configuration, and Administration pages), do one of the following:
Š Tap the OSD Hotkey once;
Š From the toolbar click the icon that brings up the OSD (see page 99).
The OSD Toolbar closes, and the main OSD display reappears.
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OSD Hotkey Summary Table
The following table presents a summary of the OSD Hotkey actions. To set the
OSD Hotkey, see OSD Hotkey, page 81.
To...
When...
Do This...
Open the Toolbar The OSD Toolbar is not open. Click the OSD Hotkey twice.
Open the OSD
The OSD Toolbar is open.
Open the OSD
The OSD Toolbar is not open. Click the OSD Hotkey three times.
Click the OSD Hotkey once.
OSD Toolbar Icons
The meanings of the toolbar icons are explained in the table below
Click to toggle the display between color and grayscale. Grayscale speeds
up video transfer over slower networks by decreasing the amount of video
information being transmitted.
Click to skip to the first accessible port on the entire installation without
having to invoke the OSD.
Click to skip to the first accessible port previous to the current one without
having to invoke the OSD.
Click to begin Auto Scan Mode. The KH1508i / KH1516i automatically
switches among the ports that were selected for Auto Scanning under the
Configuration Scan Select function (see Scan Select, page 81). This allows
you to monitor their activity without having to switch among them manually.
Click to skip from the current port to the next accessible one without having
to invoke the OSD.
Click to skip from the current port to the last accessible port on the entire
installation without having to invoke the OSD.
Click to bring up the OSD.
Click to close the toolbar.
Click to logout and exit the Windows Client application.
Click to invoke Panel Array Mode (see page 100).
Switches the Cat5 cable length between the Short, Medium, and Long
settings (see I/O Modules, page 78 for details). The length of the line
displayed changes according to the setting.
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Panel Array Mode
Clicking on the OSD Toolbar's Panel icon invokes Panel Array Mode. Under
this mode, the OSD divides your screen into a 4 x 4 grid of 16 panels:
Š Each panel represents one of the KH1508i / KH1516i's ports. Starting with
Port 1 at the upper left; going from left to right; top to bottom; Port 16 is at
the lower right.
Š When the Array is first invoked, it scans through each of the ports that
were selected for Auto Scanning under the Configuration page's Scan
Select function (see page 81), and displays information about the port (port
name, resolution, on line status, port access status), at the bottom of the
panel.
Š The number of panels in the array (16, 9, 4, or 1) can be selected by
clicking Show More Ports (+), and Show Fewer Ports (-) on the panel
array toolbar.
Š If the computer connected to a port is on line, its screen displays in its
panel, otherwise the panel is blank.
Š Only ports that are accessible to the currently logged in user display (see
Port Access, page 67). All other panels are blank.
Š If you move the mouse pointer over a panel, information about the port
displays at the bottom of the screen.
Š You can access a computer connected to a port by moving the mouse
pointer over its panel and clicking. You switch to the computer exactly as
if you had selected it from the OSD Main screen.
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Panel Array Toolbar
The panel array toolbar, at the lower right of the screen, provides shortcut
navigation and control of the panel array as described in the table below:
Click and drag to move the toolbar to another position on the screen.
Pause panel scanning, leaving the focus on the panel that currently has it.
Move back four panels.
Move to the previous panel.
Move to the next panel.
Move ahead four panels.
Increase the number of panels in the array.
Decrease the number of panels in the array.
Toggle 4/3 aspect ratio.
Exit Panel Array mode.
Note: For issues affecting multiple user operation in Panel Array Mode, see
Multiuser Operation, page 102.
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Multiuser Operation
The KH1508i / KH1516i supports multiuser operation. Up to 32 users can log
in at the same time. When multiple users simultaneously access the KH1508i /
KH1516i switch from remote consoles, the rules of precedence that apply are
shown in the following table:
Operation
General
Rule
Š Once a user invokes the OSD, no other user can invoke it
until the original user closes it.
Auto Scan Mode
Š If a user has invoked Auto Scan Mode (see Auto Scanning,
page 103), but the OSD has not been invoked, another user
can interrupt Auto Scan Mode by invoking the OSD.
Panel Array Mode
Š When a user has invoked Panel Array Mode (see page 100),
all successive users automatically enter Panel Array Mode.
Panel Array Mode continues until the original user stops it.
(Administrators can override Panel Array Mode.)
Š Only the user who starts Panel Array Mode can use the Skip
Mode (see page 104) function.
Š Only the user who starts Panel Array Mode and users with
administrator priveleges can switch ports. Other users
automatically switch to the ports that the original user
selects.
Note: If a user does not have access rights to the port that
the original user switches to, that user will not be able to
view the port.
Š Individual users can increase or decrease the number of
panels they wish to view in Panel Array Mode; however, the
picture quality may decrease as the number of panels
decreases.
Note: We recommend that the user who starts Panel Array Mode set it to
display at least four panels; otherwise, it is possible that other users may
receive only part of the picture.
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Keyboard Hotkey Operation
Keyboard hotkey combinations allow you to provide KVM focus to a port
directly from the keyboard. The KH1508i / KH1516i provides the following
hotkey features:
Š Auto Scanning
Š Skip Mode Switching
The hotkeys are: A and P for Auto Scanning; and the Arrow Keys for Skip
Mode.
Note: 1. In order for hotkey operations to take place, the OSD Toolbar must be
visible (see Port Operation, page 98). To use the keys designated as
hotkeys (i.e. A, P, etc.) for normal, non-hotkey purposes, you must
first close the toolbar.
2. For issues affecting multiple user operation in Auto Scan Mode, see
Multiuser Operation, page 102.
Auto Scanning
The Auto Scan function automatically switches among all the ports that are
accessible to the currently logged on user at regular intervals, so that the user
can monitor their activity automatically. (See Scan Select, page 81, for
information regarding accessible ports.)
Setting the Scan Interval
The amount of time Auto Scan dwells on each port is set with the Scan
Duration setting (see page 81).
Invoking Auto Scan
To start Auto Scanning, tap the A key. The Auto Scan function cycles through
the ports in order - starting from the first port on the installation. An S appears
in front of the Port ID Display to indicate that the port is being accessed under
Auto Scan Mode.
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Pausing Auto Scan
While you are in Auto Scan Mode, you can pause the scanning in order to keep
the focus on a particular computer by pressing P. During the time that Auto
Scanning is paused, the S in front of the Port ID blinks On and Off.
Pausing when you want to keep the focus on a particular computer is more
convenient than Exiting Auto Scan Mode because when you Resume scanning,
you start from where you left off. If, on the other hand, you were to exit and
restart Auto Scan Mode, the scanning would start from the very first computer
on the installation. To resume Auto Scanning, press any key except Esc or the
Spacebar. Scanning continues from where it left off.
Exiting Auto Scan
While Auto Scan Mode is in effect, ordinary keyboard functions are
suspended. You must exit Auto Scan Mode in order to regain normal control
of the keyboard. To exit Auto Scan Mode press Esc or the Spacebar. Auto
Scanning stops when you exit Auto Scan Mode.
Skip Mode
Skip Mode allows you to switch ports in order to monitor the computers
manually. You can dwell on a particular port for as long or as little as you like
- as opposed to Auto Scanning, which automatically switches after a fixed
interval. The Skip Mode hotkeys are the four Arrow keys. Their operation is
explained in the table below:
Arrow
Action
←
Skips from the current port to the first accessible port previous to it. (See
Scan Select, page 81, for information regarding accessible ports.)
→
Skips from the current port to the first accessible port that comes after it.
↑
Skips from the current port to the very first accessible port on the
installation.
↓
Skips from the current port to the very last accessible port on the
installation.
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Keyboard and Mouse Considerations
Keystrokes
Except for [Alt + Tab] and [Ctrl + Alt + Del], all keyboard input is sent to the
remote system. The above two chorded key combinations are retained on the
local system to switch among applications and to recover from disaster. In
order to provide the [Alt + Tab] and [Ctrl + Alt + Del] functions on the remote
system, Function keys (F1 -F12) can be selected as substitute keys for both the
Alt and Ctrl keys.
For example, the F11 key could substitute for the Ctrl key and the F12 key
could substitute for the Alt key, in which case [F12 + Tab] substitutes for [Alt
+ Tab]; and [F11 + F12 + Del] substitutes for [Ctrl + Alt + Del]. See Hotkey
Setup, page 85, for details on setting up a substitute key.
Note: 1. While any key may be used as a Substitute key, you must not use one
that is being used as the first position Hotkey for another action.
2. When the KH1508i / KH1516i is being accessed with Win 98 under
Full Screen Mode, if you mistakenly press Ctrl + Alt + Del, you will
have to exit the Windows Client (by clicking the arrow on the
Windows Client control panel), and restart the Windows Client from
the KH1508i / KH1516i Main Web Page.
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Mouse Synchronization
Until you close the KH1508i / KH1516i connection, mouse movements have
no effect on your local system, but instead are captured and sent to the remote
system.
From time to time, especially if you change video resolution, the local mouse
movement may no longer be synchronized with the remote system's mouse
pointer. There are three quick methods that can be used to bring the two
pointers back into sync:
Š Right-clicking on the hammer icon in the Windows Client Control Panel.
Š Moving the mouse pointer into the Control Panel and back out again.
Š Performing an Auto Sync with the Video Adjustment function (see Video
Adjustment, page 87, for details).
If performing these actions does not resolve the problem, do the following:
1. Invoke the Adjust Mouse function with the Adjust Mouse hotkeys (see
Adjust mouse, page 86, for details).
2. Move the local mouse pointer exactly on top of the remote mouse pointer
and click.
If this procedure still does not help, you should set the mouse speed and
acceleration for each problematic computer attached to the switch. see
Additional Mouse Synchronization Procedures, page 147, for instructions.
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Chapter 8
Java Client Port Operation
The Main Page
After you switch to the KH1508i / KH1516i (see page 60), the OSD comes up
with the Main page displayed in the center of your monitor:
The OSD consists of three pages – Main, Configuration, and Administration.
Administration and Configuration are discussed in Chapter 6.
The Main page is the same OSD Main page that appears when the Windows
Client is invoked. For an explanation of this page refer to The Main Page,
page 93.
Note: The Administration tab is disabled for users who don't have
administration permission.
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The Java Client Control Panel
Instead of a control panel like the one that the Windows Client uses, the Java
Client has a hidden control panel, located at the bottom center of the screen.
The panel becomes visible when the mouse pointer is moved over it.
The Java Client Control Panel icons and their functions are described in the
sections that follow.
Set Video Parameters
Clicking this button brings up the Video Adjustment dialog box:
It is similar to the Windows Client Video Adjustment dialog box. See Video
Adjustment, page 87, for details.
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Keypad
Some keyboard combinations cannot be
captured and sent to the KH1508i / KH1516i.
In order to implement their effects on the remote
system, this function provides a one-click
implementation of some common window control
combinations.
Mouse Synchronization
At times the local mouse movement may lose sync with the remote
mouse movement. The Mouse Synchronization function gets them
back into sync. There are two methods available to bring the pointers into sync:
1. Click the Mouse Synchronization button; wait for the remote mouse
pointer to move to the upper left corner of the screen; move your local
mouse pointer directly on top of the remote pointer, and click.
2. Move your local mouse pointer over the Java Client Control Panel, and
click.
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Message Board
The KH1508i / KH1516i supports multiple user logins, which can
possibly give rise to access conflicts. To alleviate this problem, a
message board feature, similar to an Internet chat program, allows users to
communicate with each other.
When you click the Message Board icon on the Java Client Control Panel (see
page 108), a screen similar to the one below appears:
(Continues on next page.)
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(Continued from previous page.)
The Message Board Button Bar
The buttons on the Button Bar are toggles. Their actions are described in the
table below:
Button
Action
Enable/Disable Chat. When disabled, messages posted to the
board are not displayed. The button is shadowed when Chat is
disabled. The icon displays next to the user's name in the User List
panel when the user has disabled Chat.
Occupy/Release Keyboard/Video/Mouse. When you Occupy the
KVM, other users cannot see the video, and cannot input keyboard
or mouse data. The button is shadowed when the KVM is occupied.
The icon displays next to the user's name in the User List panel
when the user has occupied the KVM.
Occupy/Release Keyboard/Mouse. When you Occupy the KM,
other users can see the video, but cannot input keyboard or mouse
data. The button is shadowed when the KM is occupied. The icon
displays next to the user's name in the User List panel when the
user has occupied the KM.
(Continues on next page.)
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(Continued from previous page.)
Š Messages that users post to the board - as well as system messages display in the Message Display panel. If you disable Chat, however,
messages that get posted to the board won't appear.
Š Key in the messages that you want to post to the board in the Compose
panel. Click Send, to post the message to the board.
Š The names of all the logged in users appear in the User List panel.
Š By default, messages are posted to all users. To post a message to one
individual user, select the user's name before sending your message.
Š If a user's name is selected, and you want to post a message to all users,
select All Users before sending your message.
Š If a user has disabled Chat, its icon displays before the user's name to
indicate so.
Š If a user has occupied the KVM or the KM, its icon displays before the
user's name to indicate so.
Š To Hide/Unhide the User List panel, click on the arrows in the panel
separator.
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Chapter 8. Java Client Port Operation
Lock Key LEDs and Resolution
These LEDs show the Num Lock, Caps Lock, and Scroll Lock
status of the remote computer. They turn Green when the Lock
status is On. Click on the icon to toggle the status.
Note: When you first connect, the LED display may not be accurate. To be
sure, click on the LEDs to set them.
The video resolution of the device connected to the remote port displays
directly below the Lock LEDs.
Switch Screen Mode
Clicking this button enables or disables Full Screen Mode. (By default
the Java Client opens in Full Screen Mode.)
About
Clicking this button opens the About dialog box, which displays the
Java Client Version information. Click the OK button to close the
dialog box.
Send Ctrl+Alt+Del
Clicking this button sends a Ctrl+Alt+Del signal to the remote system.
Help
Clicking this button brings up the online help screen for the Java
Client.
Exit
Clicking the Exit button terminates the Java Client session.
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KH1508i / KH1516i User Manual
Port Operation
Java Client port operation is the same as for the Windows Client. See Port
Operation, page 98, for details.
Panel Array Mode
This is very similar to the Windows Client Panel Array Mode (see page 100 for
details), except for some differences in the toolbar. The Java Client Panel Array
Mode Toolbar is described in the table below:
Pause panel scanning, leaving the focus on the panel that currently has it.
Move back four panels.
Move to the previous panel.
Move to the next panel.
Move ahead four panels.
Increase the number of panels in the array.
Decrease the number of panels in the array.
Toggle 4/3 aspect ratio.
Exit Panel Array mode.
Note: When you click Pause, the Array stops scanning the ports. The button
changes to an arrowhead and its caption changes to Resume. To resume
scanning, click the Resume button.
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Chapter 8. Java Client Port Operation
Keyboard Hotkey Operation
Keyboard hotkey operation is the same as for the Windows Client. See
Keyboard Hotkey Operation, page 103, for details.
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Chapter 9
The Log File
The Main Screen
The KH1508i / KH1516i logs all the events that take place on it. To view the
contents of the log file, click the Log icon at the left of the web page. A screen
similar to the one below appears:
A maximum of 512 events are stored in the log file. To clear the log file, click
on the Clear Log icon at the lower right of the screen.
Note: The Log File is a temporary file that is erased when the KH1508i /
KH1516i is turned off or loses power. It is recommended that you install
the Log Server to backup the contents of the log file.
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Chapter 10
The Log Server
The Windows-based Log Server is an administrative utility that records all the
eve