MX25L512E DATASHEET 1 P/N: PM1669

MX25L512E DATASHEET 1 P/N: PM1669
MX25L512E
MX25L512E
DATASHEET
P/N: PM1669
1
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Contents
FEATURES................................................................................................................................................................... 4
GENERAL........................................................................................................................................................... 4
PERFORMANCE................................................................................................................................................ 4
SOFTWARE FEATURES.................................................................................................................................... 4
HARDWARE FEATURES.................................................................................................................................... 5
GENERAL DESCRIPTION.......................................................................................................................................... 5
PIN CONFIGURATIONS............................................................................................................................................... 6
8-PIN SOP (150mil) ............................................................................................................................................ 6
8-PIN TSSOP (173mil) ....................................................................................................................................... 6
8-LAND USON (2x3mm) .................................................................................................................................... 6
PIN DESCRIPTION....................................................................................................................................................... 6
BLOCK DIAGRAM........................................................................................................................................................ 7
DATA PROTECTION..................................................................................................................................................... 8
Table 1. Protected Area Sizes............................................................................................................................. 9
HOLD FEATURE........................................................................................................................................................... 9
Figure 1. Hold Condition Operation .................................................................................................................... 9
Table 2. Command Definition............................................................................................................................ 10
Table 3. Memory Organization ......................................................................................................................... 11
DEVICE OPERATION................................................................................................................................................. 11
Figure 2. Serial Modes Supported.................................................................................................................... 11
COMMAND DESCRIPTION........................................................................................................................................ 12
(1) Write Enable (WREN).................................................................................................................................. 12
(2) Write Disable (WRDI)................................................................................................................................... 12
(3) Read Identification (RDID)........................................................................................................................... 12
(4) Read Status Register (RDSR)..................................................................................................................... 13
Status Register.................................................................................................................................................. 13
(5) Write Status Register (WRSR)..................................................................................................................... 14
Table 4. Protection Modes................................................................................................................................. 14
(6) Read Data Bytes (READ)............................................................................................................................ 15
(7) Read Data Bytes at Higher Speed (FAST_READ)...................................................................................... 15
(9) Sector Erase (SE)........................................................................................................................................ 15
(10) Block Erase (BE)....................................................................................................................................... 16
(11) Chip Erase (CE)......................................................................................................................................... 16
(12) Page Program (PP)................................................................................................................................... 16
(13) Deep Power-down (DP)............................................................................................................................. 17
(14) Release from Deep Power-down (RDP), Read Electronic Signature (RES) ............................................ 17
(15) Read Electronic Manufacturer ID & Device ID (REMS)............................................................................. 18
Table of ID Definitions....................................................................................................................................... 18
(16) Read SFDP Mode (RDSFDP).................................................................................................................... 19
Read Serial Flash Discoverable Parameter (RDSFDP) Sequence................................................................... 19
Table a. Signature and Parameter Identification Data Values .......................................................................... 20
Table b. Parameter Table (0): JEDEC Flash Parameter Tables........................................................................ 21
Table c. Parameter Table (1): Macronix Flash Parameter Tables...................................................................... 23
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
POWER-ON STATE.................................................................................................................................................... 25
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................................................................... 26
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS.................................................................................................................... 26
Figure 3.Maximum Negative Overshoot Waveform.......................................................................................... 26
CAPACITANCE TA = 25°C, f = 1.0 MHz............................................................................................................ 26
Figure 4. Maximum Positive Overshoot Waveform........................................................................................... 26
Figure 5. INPUT TEST WAVEFORMS AND MEASUREMENT LEVEL............................................................. 27
Figure 6. OUTPUT LOADING.......................................................................................................................... 27
Table 5. DC CHARACTERISTICS (Temperature = -40°C to 85°C for Industrial grade, VCC = 2.7V ~ 3.6V) .28
Table 6. AC CHARACTERISTICS (Temperature = -40°C to 85°C for Industrial grade, VCC = 2.7V ~ 3.6V) .29
Table 7. Power-Up Timing................................................................................................................................. 30
INITIAL DELIVERY STATE............................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 7. Serial Input Timing............................................................................................................................. 30
Figure 8. Output Timing..................................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 9. Hold Timing........................................................................................................................................ 31
Figure 10. WP# Disable Setup and Hold Timing during WRSR when SRWD=1.............................................. 31
Figure 11. Write Enable (WREN) Sequence (Command 06)............................................................................ 32
Figure 12. Write Disable (WRDI) Sequence (Command 04)............................................................................. 32
Figure 13. Read Identification (RDID) Sequence (Command 9F)..................................................................... 32
Figure 14. Read Status Register (RDSR) Sequence (Command 05)............................................................... 33
Figure 15. Write Status Register (WRSR) Sequence (Command 01).............................................................. 33
Figure 16. Read Data Bytes (READ) Sequence (Command 03)..................................................................... 33
Figure 17. Read at Higher Speed (FAST_READ) Sequence (Command 0B)................................................. 34
Figure 18. Dual Output Read Mode Sequence (Command 3B)........................................................................ 34
Figure 19. Page Program (PP) Sequence (Command 02).............................................................................. 35
Figure 20. Sector Erase (SE) Sequence (Command 20)................................................................................. 36
Figure 21. Block Erase (BE) Sequence (Command 52 or D8)......................................................................... 36
Figure 22. Chip Erase (CE) Sequence (Command 60 or C7).......................................................................... 37
Figure 23. Deep Power-down (DP) Sequence (Command B9)....................................................................... 37
Figure 24. Read Electronic Signature (RES) Sequence (Command AB).......................................................... 37
Figure 25. Release from Deep Power-down (RDP) Sequence (Command AB).............................................. 38
Figure 26. Read Electronic Manufacturer & Device ID (REMS) Sequence (Command 90)............................ 38
Figure 27. Power-up Timing.............................................................................................................................. 39
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS.......................................................................................................... 40
Figure 28. AC Timing at Device Power-Up........................................................................................................ 40
Figure 29. Power-Down Sequence................................................................................................................... 41
ERASE AND PROGRAMMING PERFORMANCE..................................................................................................... 42
DATA RETENTION..................................................................................................................................................... 42
LATCH-UP CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................................................................... 42
ORDERING INFORMATION....................................................................................................................................... 43
PART NAME DESCRIPTION...................................................................................................................................... 44
PACKAGE INFORMATION......................................................................................................................................... 45
REVISION HISTORY .................................................................................................................................................. 48
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
512K-BIT [x 1/x 2] CMOS SERIAL FLASH
FEATURES
GENERAL
• Serial Peripheral Interface compatible -- Mode 0 and Mode 3
• 524,288 x 1 bit structure or 262,144 x 2 bits (Dual Output mode) Structure
• 16 Equal Sectors with 4K byte each
- Any Sector can be erased individually
• Single Power Supply Operation
- 2.7 to 3.6 volt for read, erase, and program operations
• Latch-up protected to 100mA from -1V to Vcc +1V
PERFORMANCE
• High Performance
- Fast access time: 104MHz serial clock
- Serial clock of Dual Output mode: 80MHz
- Fast program time: 0.6ms(typ.) and 3ms(max.)/page (256-byte per page)
- Byte program time: 9us
- Fast erase time: 40ms(typ.)/sector (4K-byte per sector) ; 0.4s(typ.) and 2s(max.)/chip
• Low Power Consumption
- Low active read current: 12mA(max.) at 104MHz and 4mA(max.) at 33MHz
- Low active programming current: 15mA (typ.)
- Low active sector erase current: 9mA (typ.)
- Low standby current: 15uA (typ.)
- Deep power-down mode 2uA (typ.)
• Minimum 100,000 erase/program cycles
• 20 years data retention
SOFTWARE FEATURES
• Input Data Format
- 1-byte Command code
• Block Lock protection
- The BP0~BP1 status bit defines the size of the area to be software protected against Program and Erase instructions.
• Auto Erase and Auto Program Algorithm
- Automatically erases and verifies data at selected sector
- Automatically programs and verifies data at selected page by an internal algorithm that automatically times the
program pulse widths (Any page to be programed should have page in the erased state first)
• Status Register Feature
• Electronic Identification
- JEDEC 2-byte Device ID
- RES command, 1-byte Device ID
• Support Serial Flash Discoverable Parameters (SFDP) mode
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
HARDWARE FEATURES
• SCLK Input
- Serial clock input
• SI/SIO0
- Serial Data Input or Serial Data Output for Dual output mode
• SO/SIO1
- Serial Data Output or Serial Data Output for Dual output mode
• WP# pin
- Hardware write protection
• HOLD# pin
- pause the chip without diselecting the chip
• PACKAGE
- 8-pin SOP (150mil)
- 8-USON (2x3mm)
- 8-pin TSSOP (173mil)
- All devices are RoHS Compliant and Halogen-free
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
MX25L512E is a CMOS 524,288 bit serial Flash memory, which is configured as 65,536 x 8 internally. MX25L512E
features a serial peripheral interface and software protocol allowing operation on a simple 3-wire bus. The three bus
signals are a clock input (SCLK), a serial data input (SI), and a serial data output (SO). Serial access to the device
is enabled by CS# input.
MX25L512E provides sequential read operation on whole chip.
After program/erase command is issued, auto program/erase algorithms which program/erase and verify the specified page or sector/block locations will be executed. Program command is executed on page (256 bytes) basis, and
erase command is executes on chip or sector (4K-bytes).
To provide user with ease of interface, a status register is included to indicate the status of the chip. The status read
command can be issued to detect completion status of a program or erase operation via WIP bit.
When the device is not in operation and CS# is high, it is put in standby mode.
The MX25L512E utilizes Macronix's proprietary memory cell, which reliably stores memory contents even after
100,000 program and erase cycles.
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
8-PIN SOP (150mil)
CS#
SO/SIO1
WP#
GND
1
2
3
4
8-LAND USON (2x3mm)
8
7
6
5
CS#
SO/SIO1
WP#
GND
VCC
HOLD#
SCLK
SI/SIO0
8-PIN TSSOP (173mil)
CS#
SO/SIO1
WP#
GND
P/N: PM1669
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
VCC
HOLD#
SCLK
SI/SIO0
PIN DESCRIPTION
8
7
6
5
SYMBOL DESCRIPTION
CS#
Chip Select
Serial Data Input (for 1 x I/O)/ Serial Data
SI/SIO0
Input & Output (for Dual output mode)
Serial Data Output (for 1 x I/O)/ Serial Data
SO/SIO1
Input & Output (for Dual output mode)
SCLK Clock Input
Hold, to pause the device without
HOLD#
deselecting the device
WP# Write Protection
VCC
+ 3.3V Power Supply
GND Ground
VCC
HOLD#
SCLK
SI/SIO0
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
BLOCK DIAGRAM
X-Decoder
Address
Generator
Memory Array
Page Buffer
SI
Data
Register
Y-Decoder
SRAM
Buffer
CS#
Mode
Logic
Sense
Amplifier
State
Machine
Output
Buffer
HV
Generator
SO
SCLK
P/N: PM1669
Clock Generator
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
DATA PROTECTION
During power transition, there may be some false system level signals which result in inadvertent erasure or
programming. The device is designed to protect itself from these accidental write cycles.
The state machine will be reset as standby mode automatically during power up. In addition, the control register
architecture of the device constrains that the memory contents can only be changed after specific command
sequences have completed successfully.
In the following, there are several features to protect the system from the accidental write cycles during VCC powerup and power-down or from system noise.
• Valid command length checking: The command length will be checked whether it is at byte base and completed on byte boundary.
• Write Enable (WREN) command: WREN command is required to set the Write Enable Latch bit (WEL) before
other command to change data. The WEL bit will return to reset stage under following situation:
- Power-up
- Write Disable (WRDI) command completion
- Write Status Register (WRSR) command completion
- Page Program (PP) command completion
- Sector Erase (SE) command completion
- Block Erase (BE) command completion
- Chip Erase (CE) command completion
• Software Protection Mode (SPM): by using BP0-BP1 bits to set the part of Flash protected from data change.
• Hardware Protection Mode (HPM): by using WP# going low to protect the BP0-BP1 bits and SRWD bit from
data change.
• Deep Power Down Mode: By entering deep power down mode, the flash device also is under protected from
writing all commands except Release from Deep Power-down mode command (RDP) and Read Electronic Signature command (RES).
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table 1. Protected Area Sizes
BP1
0
0
1
1
Status bit
BP0
0
1
0
1
Protect level
512b
0 (none)
1 (All)
2 (All)
3 (All)
None
All
All
All
HOLD FEATURE
HOLD# pin signal goes low to hold any serial communications with the device. The HOLD feature will not stop the
operation of write status register, programming, or erasing in progress.
The operation of HOLD requires Chip Select(CS#) keeping low and starts on falling edge of HOLD# pin signal
while Serial Clock (SCLK) signal is being low (if Serial Clock signal is not being low, HOLD operation will not start
until Serial Clock signal being low). The HOLD condition ends on the rising edge of HOLD# pin signal while Serial Clock(SCLK) signal is being low(if Serial Clock signal is not being low, HOLD operation will not end until Serial
Clock being low), see Figure 1.
Figure 1. Hold Condition Operation
CS#
SCLK
HOLD#
Hold
Condition
(standard)
Hold
Condition
(non-standard)
The Serial Data Output (SO) is high impedance, both Serial Data Input (SI) and Serial Clock (SCLK) are don't care
during the HOLD operation. If Chip Select (CS#) drives high during HOLD operation, it will reset the internal logic of
the device. To re-start communication with chip, the HOLD# must be at high and CS# must be at low.
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table 2. Command Definition
RDID
(Read
Identification)
9F (hex)
RDSR
(Read Status
Register)
05 (hex)
WRSR
(Write Status
Register)
01 (hex)
outputs
sets the (WEL) resets the (WEL)
write enable
write enable
manufacturer
latch bit
latch bit
ID and 2-byte
device ID
to read out the
status register
to write new n bytes read out
values to the until CS# goes
status register
high
COMMAND
WREN
WRDI
(byte)
(Write Enable) (Write Disable)
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Action
06 (hex)
04 (hex)
COMMAND
(byte)
Fast Read
(Fast Read
Data)
RDSFDP
(Read SFDP)
DREAD
(Dual Output
mode)
1st
0B (hex)
5A (hex)
3B (hex)
20 (hex)
52 or D8 (hex)
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
AD1
AD2
AD3
Dummy
n bytes read out
until CS# goes
high
AD1
AD2
AD3
Dummy
Read SFDP
mode
AD1
AD2
AD3
AD1
AD2
AD3
AD1
AD2
AD3
COMMAND
(byte)
PP
(Page
Program)
DP
(Deep Powerdown)
RDP
(Release from
Deep Powerdown)
1st
02 (hex)
B9 (hex)
AB (hex)
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
AD1
AD2
AD3
Action
Action
to program the
selected page
enters deep
power down
mode
BE
SE
(Block Erase)
(Sector Erase)
(2)
n bytes read out to erase the
until CS# goes selected sector
high
release from
deep power
down mode
to erase the
selected block
READ
(Read Data)
03 (hex)
AD1
AD2
AD3
CE
(Chip Erase)
60 or C7 (hex)
to erase the
whole chip
REMS
RES
(Read
(Read
Electronic
Electronic ID) Manufacturer &
Device ID)
AB (hex)
90 (hex)
x
x
x
x
x
ADD(1)
to read out
Output the
1-byte Device manufacturer ID
and device ID
ID
(1) ADD=00H will output the manufacturer's ID first and ADD=01H will output device ID first.
(2) BE command may erase whole 512Kb chip.
(3) It is not recommended to adopt any other code which is not in the command definition table above.
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table 3. Memory Organization
Sector
15
:
3
2
1
0
Address Range
00F000h
00FFFFh
:
:
003000h
003FFFh
002000h
002FFFh
001000h
001FFFh
000000h
000FFFh
DEVICE OPERATION
1. Before a command is issued, status register should be checked to ensure the device is ready for the intended
operation.
2. When incorrect command is inputted to this LSI, this LSI becomes standby mode and keeps the standby mode
until next CS# falling edge. In standby mode, SO pin of this LSI should be High-Z. The CS# falling time needs to
follow tCHCL spec. (Please refer to Table 6. AC CHARACTERISTICS)
3. When correct command is inputted to this LSI, this LSI becomes active mode and keeps the active mode until
next CS# rising edge. The CS# rising time needs to follow tCLCH spec. (Please refer to Table 6. AC CHARACTERISTICS)
4. Input data is latched on the rising edge of Serial Clock(SCLK) and data shifts out on the falling edge of SCLK.
The difference of Serial mode 0 and mode 3 is shown as Figure 2.
5. For the following instructions: RDID, RDSR, READ, FAST_READ, RDSFDP, DREAD, RES and REMS the shifted-in instruction sequence is followed by a data-out sequence. After any bit of data being shifted out, the CS#
can be high. For the following instructions: WREN, WRDI, WRSR, SE, BE, CE, PP, RDP and DP the CS# must
go high exactly at the byte boundary; otherwise, the instruction will be rejected and not executed.
6. During the progress of Write Status Register, Program, Erase operation, to access the memory array is neglected and not affect the current operation of Write Status Register, Program, and Erase.
Figure 2. Serial Modes Supported
CPOL
CPHA
shift in
(Serial mode 0)
0
0
SCLK
(Serial mode 3)
1
1
SCLK
SI
shift out
MSB
SO
MSB
Note: CPOL indicates clock polarity of Serial master:
-CPOL=1 for SCLK high while idle,
-CPOL=0 for SCLK low while not transmitting.
CPHA indicates clock phase.
The combination of CPOL bit and CPHA bit decides which Serial mode is supported.
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
COMMAND DESCRIPTION
(1) Write Enable (WREN)
The Write Enable (WREN) instruction is for setting Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit. For those instructions like PP, SE,
BE, CE, and WRSR, which are intended to change the device content, should be set every time after the WREN instruction setting the WEL bit.
The sequence of issuing WREN instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending WREN instruction code→ CS# goes high. (see
Figure 11)
(2) Write Disable (WRDI)
The Write Disable (WRDI) instruction is for resetting Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit.
The sequence of issuing WRDI instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending WRDI instruction code→ CS# goes high. (see
Figure 12)
The WEL bit is reset by following situations:
- Power-up
- Write Disable (WRDI) instruction completion
- Write Status Register (WRSR) instruction completion
- Page Program (PP) instruction completion
- Sector Erase (SE) instruction completion
- Block Erase (BE) instruction completion
- Chip Erase (CE) instruction completion
(3) Read Identification (RDID)
RDID instruction is for reading the manufacturer ID of 1-byte and followed by Device ID of 2-byte. The Macronix
Manufacturer ID is C2(hex), the memory type ID is 20(hex) as the first-byte device ID, and the individual device ID
of second-byte ID is as followings: 10(hex) for MX25L512E.
The sequence of issuing RDID instruction is: CS# goes low→sending RDID instruction code→24-bits ID data out on
SO→to end RDID operation can use CS# to high at any time during data out. (see Figure. 13)
While Program/Erase operation is in progress, it will not decode the RDID instruction, so there's no effect on the cycle of program/erase operation which is currently in progress. When CS# goes high, the device is at standby stage.
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
(4) Read Status Register (RDSR)
The RDSR instruction is for reading Status Register Bits. The Read Status Register can be read at any time (even in
program/erase/write status register condition) and continuously. It is recommended to check the Write in Progress (WIP)
bit before sending a new instruction when a program, erase, or write status register operation is in progress.
The sequence of issuing RDSR instruction is: CS# goes low→sending RDSR instruction code→Status Register
data out on SO (see Figure. 14)
The definition of the status register bits is as below:
WIP bit. The Write in Progress (WIP) bit, a volatile bit, indicates whether the device is busy in program/erase/write
status register progress. When WIP bit sets to 1, which means the device is busy in program/erase/write status
register progress. When WIP bit sets to 0, which means the device is not in progress of program/erase/write status
register cycle.
WEL bit. The Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit, a volatile bit, indicates whether the device is set to internal write enable
latch. When WEL bit sets to 1, which means the internal write enable latch is set, the device can accept program/
erase/write status register instruction. When WEL bit sets to 0, which means no internal write enable latch; the device will not accept program/erase/write status register instruction.
BP1, BP0 bits. The Block Protect (BP1, BP0) bits, non-volatile bits, indicate the protected area(as defined in table
1) of the device to against the program/erase instruction without hardware protection mode being set. To write the
Block Protect (BP1, BP0) bits requires the Write Status Register (WRSR) instruction to be executed. Those bits
define the protected area of the memory to against Page Program (PP), Sector Erase (SE), Block Erase (BE) and
Chip Erase(CE) instructions (only if all Block Protect bits set to 0, the CE instruction can be executed)
SRWD bit. The Status Register Write Disable (SRWD) bit, non-volatile bit, is operated together with Write Protection (WP#) pin for providing hardware protection mode. The hardware protection mode requires SRWD sets to 1
and WP# pin signal is low stage. In the hardware protection mode, the Write Status Register (WRSR) instruction is
no longer accepted for execution and the SRWD bit and Block Protect bits (BP1, BP0) are read only.
Status Register
bit7
bit6
bit5
bit4
SRWD (status
register write
protect)
0
0
0
1=status
register write
disable
bit3
BP1
(level of
protected
block)
bit2
BP0
(level of
protected
block)
(Note 1)
(Note 1)
bit1
bit0
WEL
WIP
(write enable
(write in
latch)
progress bit)
1=write
1=write
enable
operation
0=not write 0=not in write
enable
operation
Notes: 1. See the table "Protected Area Sizes".
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
(5) Write Status Register (WRSR)
The WRSR instruction is for changing the values of Status Register Bits. Before sending WRSR instruction, the
Write Enable (WREN) instruction must be decoded and executed to set the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit in advance. The WRSR instruction can change the value of Block Protect (BP1, BP0) bits to define the protected area
of memory (as shown in table 1). The WRSR also can set or reset the Status Register Write Disable (SRWD) bit in
accordance with Write Protection (WP#) pin signal. The WRSR instruction cannot be executed once the Hardware
Protected Mode (HPM) is entered.
The sequence of issuing WRSR instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending WRSR instruction code→ Status Register
data on SI→ CS# goes high. (see Figure 15)
The WRSR instruction has no effect on b6, b5, b4, b1, b0 of the status register.
The CS# must go high exactly at the byte boundary; otherwise, the instruction will be rejected and not executed.
The self-timed Write Status Register cycle time (tW) is initiated as soon as Chip Select (CS#) goes high. The Write
in Progress (WIP) bit still can be check out during the Write Status Register cycle is in progress. The WIP sets 1
during the tW timing, and sets 0 when Write Status Register Cycle is completed, and the Write Enable Latch (WEL)
bit is reset.
Table 4. Protection Modes
Mode
Software protection
mode (SPM)
Hardware protection
mode (HPM)
Status register condition
WP# and SRWD bit status
Memory
Status register can be written
in (WEL bit is set to "1") and
the SRWD, BP0-BP1
bits can be changed.
WP#=1 and SRWD bit=0, or
WP#=0 and SRWD bit=0, or
WP#=1 and SRWD=1
The protected area
cannot be programmed
or erased.
The SRWD, BP0-BP1 of
status register bits cannot be
changed.
WP#=0, SRWD bit=1
The protected area
cannot be programmed
or erased.
Note: 1. As defined by the values in the Block Protect (BP1, BP0) bits of the Status Register, as shown in Table 1.
As the table above showing, the summary of the Software Protected Mode (SPM) and Hardware Protected Mode (HPM).
Software Protected Mode (SPM):
- When SRWD bit=0, no matter WP# is low or high, the WREN instruction may set the WEL bit and can
change the values of SRWD, BP1, BP0. The protected area, which is defined by BP1, BP0, is at software
protected mode (SPM).
- When SRWD bit=1 and WP# is high, the WREN instruction may set the WEL bit can change the values of
SRWD, BP1, BP0. The protected area, which is defined by BP1, BP0, is at software protected mode (SPM)
Note: If SRWD bit=1 but WP# is low, it is impossible to write the Status Register even if the WEL bit has previously been set. It is rejected to write the Status Register and not be executed.
Hardware Protected Mode (HPM):
- When SRWD bit=1, and then WP# is low (or WP# is low before SRWD bit=1), it enters the hardware protected mode (HPM). The data of the protected area is protected by software protected mode by BP1, BP0
and hardware protected mode by the WP# to against data modification.
Note: to exit the hardware protected mode, it requires WP# driving high once the hardware protected mode is
entered. If the WP# pin is permanently connected to high, the hardware protected mode can never be entered; only can use software protected mode via BP1, BP0.
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
(6) Read Data Bytes (READ)
The read instruction is for reading data out. The address is latched on rising edge of SCLK, and data shifts out on
the falling edge of SCLK at a maximum frequency fR. The first address byte can be at any location. The address
is automatically increased to the next higher address after each byte data is shifted out, so the whole memory can
be read out at a single READ instruction. The address counter rolls over to 0 when the highest address has been
reached.
The sequence of issuing READ instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending READ instruction code→ 3-byte address on
SI→ data out on SO→ to end READ operation can use CS# to high at any time during data out. (see Figure. 16)
(7) Read Data Bytes at Higher Speed (FAST_READ)
The FAST_READ instruction is for quickly reading data out. The address is latched on rising edge of SCLK, and
data of each bit shifts out on the falling edge of SCLK at a maximum frequency fC. The first address byte can be at
any location. The address is automatically increased to the next higher address after each byte data is shifted out,
so the whole memory can be read out at a single FAST_READ instruction. The address counter rolls over to 0 when
the highest address has been reached.
The sequence of issuing FAST_READ instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending FAST_READ instruction code→
3-byte address on SI→ 1-dummy byte address on SI→data out on SO→ to end FAST_READ operation can use
CS# to high at any time during data out. (see Figure. 17)
While Program/Erase/Write Status Register cycle is in progress, FAST_READ instruction is rejected without any impact on the Program/Erase/Write Status Register current cycle.
(8) Dual Output Mode (DREAD)
The DREAD instruction enable double throughput of Serial Flash in read mode. The address is latched on rising
edge of SCLK, and data of every two bits(interleave on 1I/2O pins) shift out on the falling edge of SCLK at a maximum frequency fT. The first address byte can be at any location. The address is automatically increased to the next
higher address after each byte data is shifted out, so the whole memory can be read out at a single DREAD instruction. The address counter rolls over to 0 when the highest address has been reached. Once writing DREAD instruction, the following data out will perform as 2-bit instead of previous 1-bit.
The sequence is shown as Figure 18.
While Program/Erase/Write Status Register cycle is in progress, DREAD instruction is rejected without any impact
on the Program/Erase/Write Status Register current cycle.
The DREAD only performs read operation. Program/Erase /Read ID/Read status....operations do not support
DREAD throughputs.
(9) Sector Erase (SE)
The Sector Erase (SE) instruction is for erasing the data of the chosen sector to be "1". A Write Enable (WREN) instruction must execute to set the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit before sending the Sector Erase (SE). Any address
of the sector (see table 3) is a valid address for Sector Erase (SE) instruction. The CS# must go high exactly at the
byte boundary (the latest eighth of address byte been latched-in); otherwise, the instruction will be rejected and not
executed.
P/N: PM1669
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MX25L512E
Address bits [Am-A12] (Am is the most significant address) select the sector address.
The sequence of issuing SE instruction is: CS# goes low → sending SE instruction code→ 3-byte address on SI →
CS# goes high. (see Figure 20)
The self-timed Sector Erase Cycle time (tSE) is initiated as soon as Chip Select (CS#) goes high. The Write in
Progress (WIP) bit still can be checked out during the Sector Erase cycle is in progress. The WIP sets 1 during the
tSE timing, and sets 0 when Sector Erase Cycle is completed, and the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit is reset. If the
page is protected by BP1, BP0 bits, the Sector Erase (SE) instruction will not be executed on the page.
(10) Block Erase (BE)
The Block Erase (BE) instruction is for erasing the data of the chosen block to be "1". A Write Enable (WREN) instruction must execute to set the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit before sending the Block Erase (BE). Any address
of the block (see table 3) is a valid address for Block Erase (BE) instruction. The CS# must go high exactly at the
byte boundary (the latest eighth of address byte been latched-in); otherwise, the instruction will be rejected and not
executed.
The sequence of issuing BE instruction is: CS# goes low → sending BE instruction code→ 3-byte address on SI →
CS# goes high. (see Figure 21)
The self-timed Block Erase Cycle time (tBE) is initiated as soon as Chip Select (CS#) goes high. The Write in
Progress (WIP) bit still can be check out during the Sector Erase cycle is in progress. The WIP sets 1 during the
tBE timing, and sets 0 when Sector Erase Cycle is completed, and the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit is reset. If the
page is protected by BP1, BP0 bits, the Block Erase (BE) instruction will not be executed on the page.
(11) Chip Erase (CE)
The Chip Erase (CE) instruction is for erasing the data of the whole chip to be "1". A Write Enable (WREN) instruction must execute to set the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit before sending the Chip Erase (CE). Any address of the
sector (see table 3) is a valid address for Chip Erase (CE) instruction. The CS# must go high exactly at the byte
boundary( the latest eighth of address byte been latched-in); otherwise, the instruction will be rejected and not executed.
The sequence of issuing CE instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending CE instruction code→ CS# goes high. (see
Figure 22)
The self-timed Chip Erase Cycle time (tCE) is initiated as soon as Chip Select (CS#) goes high. The Write in
Progress (WIP) bit still can be check out during the Chip Erase cycle is in progress. The WIP sets 1 during the tCE
timing, and sets 0 when Chip Erase Cycle is completed, and the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit is reset. If the chip is
protected by BP1, BP0 bits, the Chip Erase (CE) instruction will not be executed. It will be only executed when BP1,
BP0 all set to "0".
(12) Page Program (PP)
The Page Program (PP) instruction is for programming the memory to be "0". A Write Enable (WREN) instruction
must execute to set the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit before sending the Page Program (PP). The last address
byte (the 8 least significant address bits, A7-A0) should be set to 0 for 256 bytes page program. If A7-A0 are not
all zero, transmitted data that exceed page length are programmed from the starting address (24-bit address that
last 8 bit are all 0) of currently selected page. The CS# must keep during the whole Page Program cycle. The CS#
must go high exactly at the byte boundary( the latest eighth of address byte been latched-in); otherwise, the instrucP/N: PM1669
16
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
tion will be rejected and not executed. If the data bytes sent to the device exceeds 256, the last 256 data byte is
programmed at the request page and previous data will be disregarded. If the data bytes sent to the device has not
exceeded 256, the data will be programmed at the request address of the page. There will be no effort on the other
data bytes of the same page.
The sequence of issuing PP instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending PP instruction code→ 3-byte address on SI→ at
least 1-byte on data on SI→ CS# goes high. (see Figure 19)
The self-timed Page Program Cycle time (tPP) is initiated as soon as Chip Select (CS#) goes high. The Write in
Progress (WIP) bit still can be check out during the Page Program cycle is in progress. The WIP sets 1 during the
tPP timing, and sets 0 when Page Program Cycle is completed, and the Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit is reset. If the
page is protected by BP1, BP0 bits, the Page Program (PP) instruction will not be executed.
(13) Deep Power-down (DP)
The Deep Power-down (DP) instruction is for setting the device on the minimizing the power consumption (to entering the Deep Power-down mode), the standby current is reduced from ISB1 to ISB2). The Deep Power-down mode
requires the Deep Power-down (DP) instruction to enter, during the Deep Power-down mode, the device is not active and all Write/Program/Erase instruction are ignored. When CS# goes high, it's only in standby mode not deep
power-down mode. It's different from Standby mode.
The sequence of issuing DP instruction is: CS# goes low→ sending DP instruction code→ CS# goes high. (see Figure 22)
Once the DP instruction is set, all instruction will be ignored except the Release from Deep Power-down mode (RDP)
and Read Electronic Signature (RES) instruction. (RES instruction to allow the ID been read out). When Powerdown, the deep power-down mode automatically stops, and when power-up, the device automatically is in standby
mode. For RDP instruction the CS# must go high exactly at the byte boundary (the latest eighth bit of instruction
code been latched-in); otherwise, the instruction will not executed. As soon as Chip Select (CS#) goes high, a delay
of tDP is required before entering the Deep Power-down mode and reducing the current to ISB2.
(14) Release from Deep Power-down (RDP), Read Electronic Signature (RES)
The Release from Deep Power-down (RDP) instruction is terminated by driving Chip Select (CS#) High. When Chip
Select (CS#) is driven High, the device is put in the Stand-by Power mode. If the device was not previously in the
Deep Power-down mode, the transition to the Stand-by Power mode is immediate. If the device was previously in
the Deep Power-down mode, though, the transition to the Stand-by Power mode is delayed by tRES2, and Chip
Select (CS#) must remain High for at least tRES2(max), as specified in Table 6. Once in the Stand-by Power mode,
the device waits to be selected, so that it can receive, decode and execute instructions.
RES instruction is for reading out the old style of 8-bit Electronic Signature, whose values are shown as table of ID
Definitions. This is not the same as RDID instruction. It is not recommended to use for new design. For new deisng,
please use RDID instruction. Even in Deep power-down mode, the RDP and RES are also allowed to be executed,
only except the device is in progress of program/erase/write cycle; there's no effect on the current program/erase/
write cycle in progress.
The sequence is shown as Figure 24 and Figure 25.
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
The RES instruction is ended by CS# goes high after the ID been read out at least once. The ID outputs repeatedly if continuously send the additional clock cycles on SCLK while CS# is at low. If the device was not previously
in Deep Power-down mode, the device transition to standby mode is immediate. If the device was previously in
Deep Power-down mode, there's a delay of tRES2 to transit to standby mode, and CS# must remain to high at least
tRES2(max). Once in the standby mode, the device waits to be selected, so it can be received, be decoded, and be
executed instruction.
The RDP instruction is for releasing from Deep Power Down Mode.
(15) Read Electronic Manufacturer ID & Device ID (REMS)
The REMS instruction is an alternative to the Release from Power-down/Device ID instruction that provides both the
JEDEC assigned manufacturer ID and the specific device ID.
The REMS instruction is very similar to the Release from Power-down/Device ID instruction. The instruction is initiated by driving the CS# pin low and shift the instruction code "90h" followed by two dummy bytes and one bytes address (A7~A0). After which, the Manufacturer ID for Macronix (C2h) and the Device ID are shifted out on the falling
edge of SCLK with most significant bit (MSB) first as shown in Figure 26. The Device ID values are listed in Table of
ID Definitions. If the one-byte address is initially set to 01h, then the device ID will be read first and then followed by
the Manufacturer ID. The Manufacturer and Device IDs can be read continuously, alternating from one to the other.
The instruction is completed by driving CS# high.
Table of ID Definitions
RDID Command
manufacturer ID
C2
memory type
20
electronic ID
05
device ID
05
RES Command
REMS Command
P/N: PM1669
manufacturer ID
C2
18
memory density
10
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
(16) Read SFDP Mode (RDSFDP)
The Serial Flash Discoverable Parameter (SFDP) standard provides a consistent method of describing the functional
and feature capabilities of serial flash devices in a standard set of internal parameter tables. These parameter tables
can be interrogated by host system software to enable adjustments needed to accommodate divergent features
from multiple vendors. The concept is similar to the one found in the Introduction of JEDEC Standard, JESD68 on
CFI.
The sequence of issuing RDSFDP instruction is CS# goes low→send RDSFDP instruction (5Ah)→send 3 address
bytes on SI pin→send 1 dummy byte on SI pin→read SFDP code on SO→to end RDSFDP operation can use CS#
to high at any time during data out.
SFDP is a JEDEC Standard, JESD216.
Read Serial Flash Discoverable Parameter (RDSFDP) Sequence
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
28 29 30 31
SCLK
Command
SI
SO
24 BIT ADDRESS
23 22 21
5Ah
3
2
1
0
High-Z
CS#
32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
SCLK
Dummy Cycle
SI
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
DATA OUT 2
DATA OUT 1
SO
7
6
5
3
2
1
0
7
MSB
MSB
P/N: PM1669
4
19
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
MSB
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table a. Signature and Parameter Identification Data Values
Description
SFDP Signature
Comment
Fixed: 50444653h
Add (h) DW Add Data (h/b)
(Byte)
(Bit)
(Note1)
00h
07:00
53h
Data
(h)
53h
01h
15:08
46h
46h
02h
23:16
44h
44h
03h
31:24
50h
50h
SFDP Minor Revision Number
Start from 00h
04h
07:00
00h
00h
SFDP Major Revision Number
Start from 01h
This number is 0-based. Therefore,
0 indicates 1 parameter header.
05h
15:08
01h
01h
06h
23:16
01h
01h
07h
31:24
FFh
FFh
00h: it indicates a JEDEC specified
header.
08h
07:00
00h
00h
Start from 00h
09h
15:08
00h
00h
Start from 01h
0Ah
23:16
01h
01h
How many DWORDs in the
Parameter table
0Bh
31:24
09h
09h
0Ch
07:00
30h
30h
0Dh
15:08
00h
00h
0Eh
23:16
00h
00h
0Fh
31:24
FFh
FFh
it indicates Macronix manufacturer
ID
10h
07:00
C2h
C2h
Start from 00h
11h
15:08
00h
00h
Start from 01h
12h
23:16
01h
01h
How many DWORDs in the
Parameter table
13h
31:24
04h
04h
14h
07:00
60h
60h
15h
15:08
00h
00h
16h
23:16
00h
00h
17h
31:24
FFh
FFh
Number of Parameter Headers
Unused
ID number (JEDEC)
Parameter Table Minor Revision
Number
Parameter Table Major Revision
Number
Parameter Table Length
(in double word)
Parameter Table Pointer (PTP)
First address of JEDEC Flash
Parameter table
Unused
ID number
(Macronix manufacturer ID)
Parameter Table Minor Revision
Number
Parameter Table Major Revision
Number
Parameter Table Length
(in double word)
Parameter Table Pointer (PTP)
First address of Macronix Flash
Parameter table
Unused
P/N: PM1669
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REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table b. Parameter Table (0): JEDEC Flash Parameter Tables
Description
Comment
Block/Sector Erase sizes
00: Reserved, 01: 4KB erase,
10: Reserved,
11: not support 4KB erase
Write Granularity
0: 1Byte, 1: 64Byte or larger
Write Enable Instruction Required 0: not required
1: required 00h to be written to the
for Writing to Volatile Status
status register
Registers
Add (h) DW Add Data (h/b)
(Byte)
(Bit)
(Note1)
01b
02
1b
03
0b
30h
0: use 50h opcode,
1: use 06h opcode
Write Enable Opcode Select for
Note: If target flash status register is
Writing to Volatile Status Registers
nonvolatile, then bits 3 and 4 must
be set to 00b.
Contains 111b and can never be
Unused
changed
4KB Erase Opcode
01:00
31h
Data
(h)
E5h
04
0b
07:05
111b
15:08
20h
16
1b
18:17
00b
19
0b
20
0b
20h
(1-1-2) Fast Read (Note2)
0=not support 1=support
Address Bytes Number used in
addressing flash array
Double Transfer Rate (DTR)
Clocking
00: 3Byte only, 01: 3 or 4Byte,
10: 4Byte only, 11: Reserved
(1-2-2) Fast Read
0=not support 1=support
(1-4-4) Fast Read
0=not support 1=support
21
0b
(1-1-4) Fast Read
0=not support 1=support
22
0b
23
1b
33h
31:24
FFh
37h:34h
31:00
0007 FFFFh
0=not support 1=support
32h
Unused
Unused
Flash Memory Density
(1-4-4) Fast Read Number of Wait 0 0000b: Wait states (Dummy
states (Note3)
Clocks) not support
(1-4-4) Fast Read Number of
000b: Mode Bits not support
Mode Bits (Note4)
38h
(1-4-4) Fast Read Opcode
39h
(1-1-4) Fast Read Number of Wait 0 0000b: Wait states (Dummy
states
Clocks) not support
(1-1-4) Fast Read Number of
000b: Mode Bits not support
Mode Bits
3Ah
(1-1-4) Fast Read Opcode
3Bh
P/N: PM1669
21
04:00
0 0000b
07:05
000b
15:08
FFh
20:16
0 0000b
23:21
000b
31:24
FFh
81h
FFh
00h
FFh
00h
FFh
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Description
Comment
(1-1-2) Fast Read Number of Wait 0 0000b: Wait states (Dummy
states
Clocks) not support
(1-1-2) Fast Read Number of
000b: Mode Bits not support
Mode Bits
(1-1-2) Fast Read Opcode
Add (h) DW Add Data (h/b)
(Byte)
(Bit)
(Note1)
3Ch
3Dh
(1-2-2) Fast Read Number of Wait 0 0000b: Wait states (Dummy
states
Clocks) not support
(1-2-2) Fast Read Number of
000b: Mode Bits not support
Mode Bits
3Eh
(1-2-2) Fast Read Opcode
3Fh
(2-2-2) Fast Read
0=not support 1=support
Unused
(4-4-4) Fast Read
0=not support 1=support
40h
Unused
04:00
0 1000b
07:05
000b
15:08
3Bh
20:16
0 0000b
23:21
000b
31:24
FFh
00
0b
03:01
111b
04
0b
07:05
111b
Data
(h)
08h
3Bh
00h
FFh
EEh
Unused
43h:41h
31:08
FFh
FFh
Unused
45h:44h
15:00
FFh
FFh
20:16
0 000b
23:21
000b
(2-2-2) Fast Read Number of Wait 0 0000b: Wait states (Dummy
states
Clocks) not support
(2-2-2) Fast Read Number of
000b: Mode Bits not support
Mode Bits
46h
(2-2-2) Fast Read Opcode
47h
31:24
FFh
FFh
49h:48h
15:00
FFh
FFh
20:16
0 0000b
23:21
000b
Unused
00h
(4-4-4) Fast Read Number of Wait 0 0000b: Wait states (Dummy
states
Clocks) not support
(4-4-4) Fast Read Number of
000b: Mode Bits not support
Mode Bits
4Ah
(4-4-4) Fast Read Opcode
4Bh
31:24
FFh
FFh
4Ch
07:00
0Ch
0Ch
4Dh
15:08
20h
20h
4Eh
23:16
10h
10h
4Fh
31:24
D8h
D8h
50h
07:00
00h
00h
51h
15:08
FFh
FFh
52h
23:16
00h
00h
53h
31:24
FFh
FFh
Sector Type 1 Size
Sector/block size = 2^N bytes (Note5)
0x00b: this sector type doesn't exist
Sector Type 1 erase Opcode
Sector Type 2 Size
Sector/block size = 2^N bytes
0x00b: this sector type doesn't exist
Sector Type 2 erase Opcode
Sector Type 3 Size
Sector/block size = 2^N bytes
0x00b: this sector type doesn't exist
Sector Type 3 erase Opcode
Sector Type 4 Size
Sector/block size = 2^N bytes
0x00b: this sector type doesn't exist
Sector Type 4 erase Opcode
P/N: PM1669
22
00h
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table c. Parameter Table (1): Macronix Flash Parameter Tables
Description
Comment
Add (h) DW Add Data (h/b)
(Byte)
(Bit)
(Note1)
Data
(h)
Vcc Supply Maximum Voltage
2000h=2.000V
2700h=2.700V
3600h=3.600V
61h:60h
07:00
15:08
00h
36h
00h
36h
Vcc Supply Minimum Voltage
1650h=1.650V
2250h=2.250V
2350h=2.350V
2700h=2.700V
63h:62h
23:16
31:24
00h
27h
00h
27h
H/W Reset# pin
0=not support 1=support
00
0b
H/W Hold# pin
0=not support 1=support
01
1b
Deep Power Down Mode
0=not support 1=support
02
1b
S/W Reset
0=not support 1=support
03
0b
S/W Reset Opcode
Reset Enable (66h) should be issued 65h:64h
before Reset Opcode
11:04
1111 1111b
(FFh)
Program Suspend/Resume
0=not support 1=support
12
0b
Erase Suspend/Resume
0=not support 1=support
13
0b
14
1b
15
0b
66h
23:16
FFh
FFh
67h
31:24
FFh
FFh
Unused
Wrap-Around Read mode
0=not support 1=support
Wrap-Around Read mode Opcode
Wrap-Around Read data length
08h:support 8B wrap-around read
16h:8B&16B
32h:8B&16B&32B
64h:8B&16B&32B&64B
Individual block lock
0=not support 1=support
00
0b
Individual block lock bit
(Volatile/Nonvolatile)
0=Volatile 1=Nonvolatile
01
1b
09:02
1111 1111b
10
1b
11
0b
Individual block lock Opcode
4FF6h
Individual block lock Volatile
protect bit default protect status
0=protect 1=unprotect
Secured OTP
0=not support 1=support
Read Lock
0=not support 1=support
12
0b
Permanent Lock
0=not support 1=support
13
0b
Unused
15:14
11b
Unused
31:16
FFh
FFh
31:00
FFh
FFh
Unused
P/N: PM1669
6Bh:68h
6Fh:6Ch
23
C7FEh
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Note 1:h/b is hexadecimal or binary.
Note 2:(x-y-z) means I/O mode nomenclature used to indicate the number of active pins used for the opcode (x),
address (y), and data (z). At the present time, the only valid Read SFDP instruction modes are: (1-1-1), (2-2-2),
and (4-4-4)
Note 3:Wait States is required dummy clock cycles after the address bits or optional mode bits.
Note 4:Mode Bits is optional control bits that follow the address bits. These bits are driven by the system controller
if they are specified. (eg,read performance enhance toggling bits)
Note 5:4KB=2^0Ch,32KB=2^0Fh,64KB=2^10h
Note 6:All unused and undefined area data is blank FFh.
P/N: PM1669
24
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
POWER-ON STATE
The device is at the states as below when power-up:
- Standby mode (please note it is not deep power-down mode)
- Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit is reset
The device must not be selected during power-up and power-down stage unless the VCC achieves below correct
level (Please refer to the figure of "power-up timing"):
- VCC minimum at power-up stage and then after a delay of tVSL
- GND at power-down
Please note that a pull-up resistor on CS# may ensure a safe and proper power-up/down level.
An internal Power-On Reset (POR) circuit may protect the device from data corruption and inadvertent data change
during power up state.
For further protection on the device, if the VCC does not reach the VCC minimum level, the correct operation is not
guaranteed. The read, write, erase, and program command should be sent after the time delay: tVSL after VCC
reached VCC minimum level. Please refer to the figure of "power-up timing".
The device can accept read command after VCC reached VCC minimum and a time delay of tVSL.
Note:
- To stabilize the VCC level, the VCC rail decoupled by a suitable capacitor close to package pins is recommended.(generally around 0.1uF)
P/N: PM1669
25
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
RATING
VALUE
Ambient Operating Temperature
Industrial grade
-40°C to 85°C
Storage Temperature
-65°C to 150°C
Applied Input Voltage
-0.5V to 4.6V
Applied Output Voltage
-0.5V to 4.6V
VCC to Ground Potential
-0.5V to 4.6V
NOTICE:
1.Stresses greater than those listed under ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS may cause permanent damage to the
device. This is stress rating only and functional operational sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended period may affect reliability.
2.Specifications contained within the following tables are subject to change.
3.During voltage transitions, all pins may overshoot to 4.6V or -0.5V for period up to 20ns.
4.All input and output pins may overshoot to VCC+0.5V while VCC+0.5V is smaller than or equal to 4.6V.
Figure 4. Maximum Positive Overshoot Waveform
Figure 3.Maximum Negative Overshoot Waveform
20ns
4.6V
0V
3.6V
-0.5V
20ns
CAPACITANCE TA = 25°C, f = 1.0 MHz
Symbol Parameter
CIN
COUT
P/N: PM1669
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Input Capacitance
6
pF
VIN = 0V
Output Capacitance
8
pF
VOUT = 0V
26
Conditions
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 5. INPUT TEST WAVEFORMS AND MEASUREMENT LEVEL
Input timing reference level
0.8VCC
0.2VCC
0.7VCC
0.3VCC
Output timing reference level
AC
Measurement
Level
0.5VCC
Note: Input pulse rise and fall time are <5ns
Figure 6. OUTPUT LOADING
DEVICE UNDER
TEST
2.7K ohm
CL
6.2K ohm
+3.3V
DIODES=IN3064
OR EQUIVALENT
CL=30pF Including jig capacitance
P/N: PM1669
27
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table 5. DC CHARACTERISTICS (Temperature = -40°C to 85°C for Industrial grade, VCC = 2.7V ~ 3.6V)
Symbol
Parameter
Notes
ILI
Input Load Current
1
ILO
Output Leakage Current
1
ISB1
VCC Standby Current
1
ISB2
Deep Power-down
Current
ICC1
VCC Read
ICC2
ICC3
ICC4
ICC5
VIL
VIH
VOL
VOH
VWI
VCC Program Current
(PP)
VCC Write Status
Register (WRSR)
Current
VCC Sector Erase
Current (SE)
VCC Chip Erase
Current (CE)
Input Low Voltage
Input High Voltage
Output Low Voltage
Output High Voltage
Low VCC Write Inhibit
Voltage
Min.
Typ.
15
2
1
1
15
3
1
9
1
15
-0.5
0.7VCC
VCC-0.2
3
2.1
2.3
Max.
Units Test Conditions
VCC = VCC Max
±2
uA
VIN = VCC or GND
VCC = VCC Max
±2
uA
VOUT = VCC or GND
VIN = VCC or GND
25
uA
CS#=VCC
VIN = VCC or GND
10
uA
CS#=VCC
f=104MHz
fT=80MHz (Dual Output)
12
mA
SCLK=0.1VCC/0.9VCC,
SO=Open
f=66MHz
10
mA SCLK=0.1VCC/0.9VCC,
SO=Open
f=33MHz
4
mA SCLK=0.1VCC/0.9VCC,
SO=Open
Program in Progress
20
mA
CS#=VCC
Program status register in
15
mA progress
CS#=VCC
Erase in Progress
15
mA
CS#=VCC
Erase in Progress
20
mA
CS#=VCC
0.3VCC
V
VCC+0.4
V
0.4
V
IOL = 1.6mA
V
IOH = -100uA
2.5
V
Notes :
1. Typical values at VCC = 3.3V, T = 25°C. These currents are valid for all product versions (package and speeds).
2. Typical value is calculated by simulation.
3. Not 100% tested.
P/N: PM1669
28
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table 6. AC CHARACTERISTICS (Temperature = -40°C to 85°C for Industrial grade, VCC = 2.7V ~ 3.6V)
Symbol
Alt.
fSCLK
fC
fRSCLK
fTSCLK
fR
fT
tCH(1)
tCLH
tCL(1)
tCLL
tCLCH(2)
tCHCL(2)
tSLCH
tCSS
tCHSL
tDVCH tDSU
tCHDX
tDH
tCHSH
tSHCH
tSHSL
tCSH
tSHQZ(2)
tDIS
tCLQV
tV
tCLQX
tHLCH
tCHHH
tHHCH
tCHHL
tHHQX(2)
tHLQZ(2)
tWHSL(4)
tSHWL(4)
tDP(2)
tHO
tRES1(2)
tRES2(2)
tW
tBP
tPP
tSE
tBE
tCE
tLZ
tHZ
Parameter
Clock Frequency for the following instructions:
FAST_READ, RDSFDP, PP, SE, BE, CE, DP, RES,
RDP, WREN, WRDI, RDID, RDSR, WRSR
Clock Frequency for READ instructions
Clock Frequency for DREAD instructions
@33MHz
Clock High Time
@104MHz
@33MHz
Clock Low Time
@104MHz
Clock Rise Time (3) (peak to peak)
Clock Fall Time (3) (peak to peak)
CS# Active Setup Time (relative to SCLK)
CS# Not Active Hold Time (relative to SCLK)
Data In Setup Time
Data In Hold Time
CS# Active Hold Time (relative to SCLK)
CS# Not Active Setup Time (relative to SCLK)
Read
CS# Deselect Time
Write
Output Disable Time
30pF
Clock Low to Output Valid
15pF
Output Hold Time
HOLD# Setup Time (relative to SCLK)
HOLD# Hold Time (relative to SCLK)
HOLD Setup Time (relative to SCLK)
HOLD Hold Time (relative to SCLK)
HOLD to Output Low-Z
HOLD# to Output High-Z
Write Protect Setup Time
Write Protect Hold Time
CS# High to Deep Power-down Mode
CS# High to Standby Mode without Electronic Signature
Read
CS# High to Standby Mode with Electronic Signature
Read
Write Status Register Cycle Time
Byte-Program
Page Program Cycle Time
Sector Erase Cycle Time
Block Erase Cycle Time
Chip Erase Cycle Time
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
DC
104
MHz
DC
DC
13
4.7
13
4.7
0.1
0.1
7
7
2
5
7
7
15
40
33
80
10
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
ns
ns
V/ns
V/ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
us
8.8
us
8.8
us
40
50
3
200
2
2
ms
us
ms
ms
s
s
6
8
6
0
5
5
5
5
6
6
20
100
5
9
0.6
40
0.4
0.4
Notes:
1. tCH + tCL must be greater than or equal to 1/f (fC or fR).
2. Value guaranteed by characterization, not 100% tested in production.
3. Expressed as a slew-rate.
4. Only applicable as a constraint for a WRSR instruction when SRWD is set at 1.
5. Test condition is shown as Figure 5 & 6.
6. The CS# rising time needs to follow tCLCH spec and CS# falling time needs to follow tCHCL spec.
P/N: PM1669
29
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Table 7. Power-Up Timing
Symbol
tVSL(1)
Parameter
VCC(min) to CS# low
Min.
200
Max.
Unit
us
Note: 1. The parameter is characterized only.
INITIAL DELIVERY STATE
The device is delivered with the memory array erased: all bits are set to 1 (each byte contains FFh). The Status
Register contains 00h (all Status Register bits are 0).
Figure 7. Serial Input Timing
tSHSL
CS#
tCHSL
tSLCH
tCHSH
tSHCH
SCLK
tDVCH
tCHCL
tCHDX
tCLCH
LSB
MSB
SI
High-Z
SO
Figure 8. Output Timing
CS#
tCH
SCLK
tCLQV
tCL
tCLQV
tSHQZ
tCLQX
LSB
SO
SI
P/N: PM1669
ADDR.LSB IN
30
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 9. Hold Timing
CS#
tHLCH
tCHHL
tHHCH
SCLK
tCHHH
tHLQZ
tHHQX
SO
HOLD#
* SI is "don't care" during HOLD operation.
Figure 10. WP# Disable Setup and Hold Timing during WRSR when SRWD=1
WP#
tSHWL
tWHSL
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
SCLK
01
SI
SO
P/N: PM1669
High-Z
31
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 11. Write Enable (WREN) Sequence (Command 06)
CS#
1
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
SCLK
Command
SI
06
High-Z
SO
Figure 12. Write Disable (WRDI) Sequence (Command 04)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
SCLK
Command
SI
04
High-Z
SO
Figure 13. Read Identification (RDID) Sequence (Command 9F)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
28 29 30 31
SCLK
Command
SI
9F
Manufacturer Identification
SO
High-Z
7
6
5
3
MSB
P/N: PM1669
2
1
Device Identification
0 15 14 13
3
2
1
0
MSB
32
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 14. Read Status Register (RDSR) Sequence (Command 05)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
SCLK
command
05
SI
Status Register Out
High-Z
SO
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Status Register Out
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
0
MSB
MSB
Figure 15. Write Status Register (WRSR) Sequence (Command 01)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
SCLK
command
SI
Status
Register In
01
7
5
4
3
2
1
0
MSB
High-Z
SO
6
Figure 16. Read Data Bytes (READ) Sequence (Command 03)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
SCLK
command
SI
03
24-Bit Address
23 22 21
3
2
1
0
MSB
Data Out 1
High-Z
7
SO
6
5
4
3
2
Data Out 2
1
0
7
MSB
P/N: PM1669
33
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 17. Read at Higher Speed (FAST_READ) Sequence (Command 0B)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
28 29 30 31
SCLK
Command
SI
24 BIT ADDRESS
23 22 21
0B
3
2
1
0
High-Z
SO
CS#
32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
SCLK
Dummy Byte
7
SI
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
DATA OUT 2
DATA OUT 1
7
SO
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
MSB
MSB
0
7
MSB
Figure 18. Dual Output Read Mode Sequence (Command 3B)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11
39 40 41 42 43
30 31 32
SCLK
8 Bit Instruction
SI/SO0
SO/SO1
P/N: PM1669
3B(hex)
24 BIT Address
address
bit23, bit22, bit21...bit0
High Impedance
8 dummy
cycle
dummy
Data Output
data
bit6, bit4, bit2...bit0, bit6, bit4....
data
bit7, bit5, bit3...bit1, bit7, bit5....
34
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 19. Page Program (PP) Sequence (Command 02)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
SCLK
1
0
7
6
5
3
2
1
0
2079
2
2078
3
2077
23 22 21
02
SI
Data Byte 1
2076
24-Bit Address
2075
Command
4
1
0
MSB
MSB
2074
2073
40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
2072
CS#
SCLK
Data Byte 2
SI
7
6
MSB
P/N: PM1669
5
4
3
2
Data Byte 3
1
0
7
6
5
4
MSB
3
2
Data Byte 256
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
MSB
35
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 20. Sector Erase (SE) Sequence (Command 20)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
29 30 31
SCLK
24 Bit Address
Command
SI
23 22
20
2
1
0
MSB
Note: SE command is 20(hex).
Figure 21. Block Erase (BE) Sequence (Command 52 or D8)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
29 30 31
SCLK
Command
SI
24 Bit Address
23 22
52 or D8
2
1
0
MSB
Note: BE command is 52 or D8(hex).
P/N: PM1669
36
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 22. Chip Erase (CE) Sequence (Command 60 or C7)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
SCLK
Command
SI
60 or C7
Note: CE command is 60(hex) or C7(hex).
Figure 23. Deep Power-down (DP) Sequence (Command B9)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
tDP
7
SCLK
Command
B9
SI
Stand-by Mode
Deep Power-down Mode
Figure 24. Read Electronic Signature (RES) Sequence (Command AB)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
SCLK
Command
SI
AB
tRES2
3 Dummy Bytes
23 22 21
3
2
1
0
MSB
Electronic Signature Out
High-Z
7
SO
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
MSB
Deep Power-down Mode
P/N: PM1669
37
Stand-by Mode
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 25. Release from Deep Power-down (RDP) Sequence (Command AB)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
tRES1
7
SCLK
Command
SI
AB
High-Z
SO
Stand-by Mode
Deep Power-down Mode
Figure 26. Read Electronic Manufacturer & Device ID (REMS) Sequence (Command 90)
CS#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
SCLK
Command
SI
2 Dummy Bytes
15 14 13
90
3
2
1
0
High-Z
SO
CS#
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
SCLK
ADD (1)
SI
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Manufacturer ID
SO
X
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Device ID
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
MSB
MSB
1
0
7
MSB
Notes:
(1) ADD=00H will output the manufacturer's ID first and ADD=01H will output device ID first
P/N: PM1669
38
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 27. Power-up Timing
VCC
VCC(max)
Chip Selection is Not Allowed
VCC(min)
tVSL
Device is fully
accessible
time
P/N: PM1669
39
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
At Device Power-Up
AC timing illustrated in Figure 28 and Figure 29 are for the supply voltages and the control signals at device powerup and power-down. If the timing in the figures is ignored, the device will not operate correctly.
During power-up and power-down, CS# needs to follow the voltage applied on VCC to keep the device not to be
selected. The CS# can be driven low when VCC reach Vcc(min.) and wait a period of tVSL.
Figure 28. AC Timing at Device Power-Up
VCC
VCC(min)
GND
tVR
tSHSL
CS#
tSLCH
tCHSL
tSHCH
tCHSH
SCLK
tDVCH
tCHCL
tCHDX
LSB IN
MSB IN
SI
High Impedance
SO
Symbol
tVR
tCLCH
Parameter
VCC Rise Time
Notes
1
Min.
5
Max.
500000
Unit
us/V
Notes :
1.Sampled, not 100% tested.
2.For AC spec tCHSL, tSLCH, tDVCH, tCHDX, tSHSL, tCHSH, tSHCH, tCHCL, tCLCH in the figure, please refer to
"AC CHARACTERISTICS" table.
P/N: PM1669
40
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Figure 29. Power-Down Sequence
During power-down, CS# needs to follow the voltage drop on VCC to avoid mis-operation.
VCC
CS#
SCLK
P/N: PM1669
41
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
ERASE AND PROGRAMMING PERFORMANCE
Parameter
Write Status Register Cycle Time
Sector erase Time
Block erase Time
Chip Erase Time
Byte Program Time (via page program command)
Page Program Time
Erase/Program Cycle
Min.
Typ. (1)
5
40
0.4
0.4
9
0.6
Max. (2)
40
200
2
2
50
3
100,000
Unit
ms
ms
s
s
us
ms
cycles
Notes:
1. Typical program and erase time assumes the following conditions: 25°C, 3.3V, and checkerboard pattern.
2. Under worst conditions of 85°C and 2.7V.
3. System-level overhead is the time required to execute the first-bus-cycle sequence for the programming command.
4. Erase/Program cycles comply with JEDEC: JESD47 & JESD22-A117 standard.
DATA RETENTION
Parameter
Condition
Min.
Data retention
55˚C
20
Max.
Unit
years
LATCH-UP CHARACTERISTICS
Input Voltage with respect to GND on all power pins, SI, CS#
Input Voltage with respect to GND on SO
Current
Includes all pins except VCC. Test conditions: VCC = 3.0V, one pin at a time.
P/N: PM1669
42
Min.
-1.0V
-1.0V
-100mA
Max.
2 VCCmax
VCC + 1.0V
+100mA
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
ORDERING INFORMATION
MX25L512EMI-10G
CLOCK
(MHz)
104
MX25L512EZUI-10G
104
-40 to 85°C
8-USON (2x3mm)
MX25L512EOI-10G
104
-40 to 85°C
8-TSSOP (173mil)
PART NO.
P/N: PM1669
Temperature
PACKAGE
-40 to 85°C
8-SOP (150mil)
43
Remark
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
PART NAME DESCRIPTION
MX 25
L
512E
M
I
10 G
OPTION:
G: RoHS Compliant and Halogen-free
SPEED:
10: 104MHz
TEMPERATURE RANGE:
I: Industrial (-40°C to 85°C)
PACKAGE:
M: 150mil 8-SOP
ZU: 2x3mm 8-USON
O: 173mil 8-TSSOP
DENSITY & MODE:
512E: 512Kb
TYPE:
L: 3V
DEVICE:
25: Serial Flash
P/N: PM1669
44
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
PACKAGE INFORMATION
8-PIN SOP (150mil)
P/N: PM1669
45
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
8-LAND USON (2x3mm)
P/N: PM1669
46
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
8-PIN TSSOP (173mil)
P/N: PM1669
47
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
REVISION HISTORY
Revision No.Description
Page
Date
0.01
1. Modified fSCLK specs from 86MHz to 104MHz. P4,22,23,37,38 MAR/21/2011
1.0
1. Removed "Preliminary" P4
APR/15/2011
2. Modified pin name from SI to SI/SIO0 and from SO to SO/SIO1 P5,6
1.1
1. Added Read SFDP (RDSFDP) Mode
P4,10,11,19~24, FEB/10/2012
P29
1.2
1. Modified Secured OTP data from 1 to 0
P23
AUG/15/2013
2. Content modification.
P16-17
1.3
1. Updated parameters for DC/AC Characteristics P4,28,29 DEC/10/2013
2. Updated Erase and Programming Performance P4,42
P/N: PM1669
48
REV. 1.3, DEC. 10, 2013
MX25L512E
Except for customized products which has been expressly identified in the applicable agreement, Macronix's
products are designed, developed, and/or manufactured for ordinary business, industrial, personal, and/or
household applications only, and not for use in any applications which may, directly or indirectly, cause death,
personal injury, or severe property damages. In the event Macronix products are used in contradicted to their
target usage above, the buyer shall take any and all actions to ensure said Macronix's product qualified for its
actual use in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations; and Macronix as well as it’s suppliers and/or
distributors shall be released from any and all liability arisen therefrom.
Copyright© Macronix International Co., Ltd. 2011~2013. All rights reserved, including the trademarks and
tradename thereof, such as Macronix, MXIC, MXIC Logo, MX Logo, Integrated Solutions Provider, NBit, Nbit,
NBiit, Macronix NBit, eLiteFlash, HybridNVM, HybridFlash, XtraROM, Phines, KH Logo, BE-SONOS, KSMC,
Kingtech, MXSMIO, Macronix vEE, Macronix MAP, Rich Au­dio, Rich Book, Rich TV, and FitCAM. The names
and brands of third party referred thereto (if any) are for identification purposes only.
For the contact and order information, please visit Macronix’s Web site at: http://www.macronix.com
MACRONIX INTERNATIONAL CO., LTD. reserves the right to change product and specifications without notice.
49
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