Risk Assessment Matrix Stubbers Adventure Centre 2013 Last

Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
GENERAL
ACTIVITY / HAZARD
WORST
CASE LOSS
PRESENT CONTROL METHODS
LIKELIHOOD
RISK
DRIVING: On site
1.
Collision.
Fatality
The speed limit on site is 5 mph. Pedestrians always have right of way. Be
patient.
Remote
Mod
2.
Injury to pedestrians or passengers.
Fatality
When reversing to hitch up a trailer, do not allow an assistant to stand between
the vehicle and the trailer.
Remote
Mod
Extreme caution should be taken when driving any vehicle within the grounds. Be
alert for users, in particular small children, who will not be paying close attention
to your movements.
UNLICENSED DRIVERS ARE NOT TO CARRY CLIENTS AS PASSENGERS.
3.
Falling out of the vehicle.
Major injury
All doors checked secure.
Remote
Insig
4.
Vehicle failure.
Equipment
damage
Report in writing any faults or accidental damage using the Centre's reporting
system.
Possible
Insig
5.
Environmental damage
Environmental
damage
As far as possible keep to established roads and tracks. Avoid known wet spots
and long grass.
Possible
Insig
TURBANS ON ACTIVITIES
Following a consultation with: - HSE, AALS, BMC, MLTE, Stubbers technical advisor and British Sikh Foundation. Turbans can be worn in lieu of helmets on all activities with
the exception of Quad Biking and Fencing.
1.
Head injury
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Major injury
Risk disclosure to include: Recommendation that a safety helmet may offer more
protection.
Annex A page A 1
Possible
Mod
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
WALKING – Local paths and reserves
1. Unforeseen circumstances including
injury and getting lost
Major injury
All guides will have completed in watch training and will have knowledge of local
area, paths and routes used for walking. All guides will hold a first aid certificate
and be over 18.
Duty manager to be informed of intended route and return time. First Aid kit to be
carried. Mobile phone or UHF radio (if range is sufficient) will be carried.
Possible
Mod
2. Insect bites
Minor injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief. Use of insect repellent
Possible
Insig
3. Effect of weather
Minor injury
Guides to ensure participants have sufficient protection from extremes of weather
including rain and sun. Participants’ footwear should be taken into consideration
when choosing routes.
Possible
Insig
4. Crossing roads/railways
Fatality
Instructors to wear high visibility vests and remain vigilant
Remote
Mod
5. Environmental, fences,
marshland/bogs, animals.
Major injury
Always follow paths, do not climb over fences. Bogs and areas with animals
should be avoided.
Remote
Insig
6. Darkness
Fatality
Instructors will carry head torches in case of darkness or poor visibility. If it
intended to walk in the dark it is recommended that group members carry torches
also.
Remote
Mod
7. Ratios
Fatality
There will always be 2 instructors to act as guides. Accompanying leaders retain
responsibility for their group. With this in mind it is recommended that
accompanying leader ratio to child is 1:10.
Remote
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 2
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
UNDER 18’s INSTRUCTING ACTIVITY SESSIONS
1. Lack of training or experience
Fatality
Before training and assessment all U18’s will have prior experience of that
activity. After being assessed competent they will be monitored regularly.
2. Activity session requiring complex
decision making
Fatality
To run structured activity sessions where minimum risk assessment is required
such as:
 Archery
 Tunnelling
 High Ropes
 Quad biking (2nd instructor only)
 Jet ski rides
 Orienteering
 Team Games
 Team Challenge
 Raft building (Land only)
 Commando Camp
 Laser Tag
Improbable
Insig
Improbable
Insig
Under 18’s will not work with groups that have behavioural issues without a
competent adult instructor.
Remote
Insig
4. Poor decision making due to peer
pressure from the group.
Under 18’s will not work with groups that are in a similar age bracket to them.
Improbable
Insig
5. Legislation
The law states that young people aged between 16-18:
 Must not work more than 8 hours a day
 Must not work more than 40 hours a week
 Must have 12 hours rest between each working day.
 Must have 2 rest days per working week.
 Are entitled to a 30 minute rest period when they work longer than 4 and
a half hours.
3. Poor decision making / Lack of group
control due to stressful situation.
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Major injury
Annex A page A 3
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
WATER SPORTS
ACTIVITY / HAZARD
1.
Drowning (including entrapment in
craft)
WORST
PRESENT CONTROL METHODS
CASE LOSS
PADDLESPORTS (Kayak, canoe, bell boat and SUP boarding)
Fatality
Buoyancy aid to be worn. Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Dry capsize drill covered in safety brief
In Kayaks, instructor to ensure back rest used correctly (not as seat belt)
LIKELIHOOD
RISK
Remote
Mod
Instructor to boat ratios must not be exceeded.
 Kayaking 1:10 (+ 2 competent paddlers at instructor’s discretion)
 Canoeing 1:6
 SUP boarding: 1:10
2.
Hypothermia
Major injury
Warm windproof clothing to be worn. Wetsuit / dry suit worn for SUP boarding
and capsize training in very cold water. Dry clothes and towel available. Warm
drinks available. Instructor to monitor well being of participants.
Possible
Mod
3.
Head Injury
Major injury
Helmet to be worn.
(Exceptions to this are Bell boating and SUP boarding; touring/river sessions
where games are not played and on Have a go days.)
Possible
Mod
4.
Facial injury
Minor injury
Risk disclosure to cover awareness of paddles in relation to others faces.
Probable.
Mod.
5.
Muscular or Back injury
Major Injury
Participant good lifting technique adhered to. Launching, recovery or emptying of
any craft supervised by instructor.
Possible
Mod





1 kayak between 2
1 Canoe between 2 (Adults)
1 Canoe between 4 (Children)
1 SUP to 1 (Adults)
1 SUP to 2 (Children)
6.
Foot injury.
Minor injury
All participants must wear suitable footwear that will stay on.
Possible
Insig
7.
Entrapment under floating jetties.
Fatality
Close instructor supervision.
Remote
Mod
8.
Water Bourne hazards (including
Leptospirosis)
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
9.
Shallow water
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 4
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
POWERED CRAFT INCLUDING TOWING (Jet ski, banana boat, power boat)
1.
Drowning (including falling
overboard)
Fatality
Buoyancy aid to be worn by all passengers and crew. Crew and driver competent
to recover man overboard.
Maximum numbers that are permitted on any craft should not be exceeded
including inflatable craft. All passengers to remain seated at all times.
Remote
Mod
2.
Injury from propeller
Major injury
All powered craft will be fitted with an engine cut out switch which should be used
correctly at all times. Lanyard must remain attached to the instructor.
(Unless on PWC course where it will be attached to the helm.)
Remote
Insig
Remote
Mod
Engine switched off when recovering swimmers.
3.
Collision
Fatality





Operate at safe speed - Do not rely on reverse or braking systems on jet
ski’s
Only 1 towing vehicle is permitted to use the south side of Coy’s Lake at
one time. If there are 2 towing vehicles on the lake, one should hold off at
the most northerly buoy until the other towing vehicle has exited the south
side of the lake.
When towing inflatable toys you must follow the specified route (see
diagram). You may deviate from this route if you need to pick up a Man
over Board or to avoid a hazard.
When towing from a Ski Boat a trained spotter will be used.
When towing from a jet ski a spotter will not be used as they impede the
helm’s view behind and can affect the balance of the ski.
See diagram for approved routes on next page
4.
Hypothermia
Major injury
Disclosure of risks through wind chill. Warm clothing to be worn.
Wet suits to be worn for towing sessions.
Remote
Insig
5.
Water Bourne hazards (including
Leptospirosis)
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief
Possible
Mod
6.
Entanglement
Major injury
Towing boat not to cross the tow line or loop towline around swimmers
Remote
Insig
7.
Injury from entry into shallow water
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief
Possible
Mod
8.
Foot injury
Minor injury
Whilst on jetty areas at Coys lake, Jet Skis or inflatable’s footwear can be
removed.
Possible
Insig
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 5
Risk Assessment Matrix
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Stubbers Adventure Centre
Annex A page A 6
2013
Risk Assessment Matrix
9.
Fire
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
Fatality
Refuelling should be done on land away from the water and outside in well
ventilated areas.
Remote
Mod
10. Entrapment under floating jetties.
Fatality
Close instructor supervision.
Remote
Mod
11. Engine failure
Major injury /
Equipment
damage
The fuel tank and battery (if fitted) should be adequately secured. Outboard
engines should be securely attached ideally with additional bolts through the
transom.
Safety equipment carried in a power boat:
 Tow lines.
 Paddles.
 Anchor.
 Bailer.
In a Personal watercraft a tow line is sufficient.
Improbable
Insig
Remote
Insig
The instructor must know the correct capsize procedure for PW.
Fuel – It is vital that the correct fuel and oil are used in the correct craft.
Mixing of 2 stroke fuel is to be done by the Water sports Coordinator or his
designates.
12. Whiplash
Minor injury
Towline length should not exceed 15 metres.
Inflatable towing speed should not exceed 15 mph and wide long turns should be
performed.
Towing other items (Skiers, wake boarders and knee boarders) a sensible speed
should be adopted related to the age, weight and experience of the rider. Good
communication between helm and rider is essential.
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 7
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
SESSIONS SUPERVISED BY SAFETY CRAFT (Sailing, wobbly boarding and raft building)
1.
Drowning
Fatality
Wear buoyancy aids. Rescue boat and close supervision by instructor.
Remote
Mod
Possible
Mod
Possible
Mod
Possible
Mod
Maximum numbers that are permitted on any craft should not be exceeded
including inflatable craft. All passengers to remain seated at all times.
Rescue boat ratios not to exceed:



1 to 6 sailing dinghies.
1 to 10 Wobbly boards.
If used - 1:10 SUP boards.
Safety cover for raft building will be from Canoes manned by BCU FSRT and
BCU 2 star qualified staff. A rescue boat will be available at the Raft build area
for emergency use or where there is a lack of canoe qualified staff.
Note that paddling an improvised raft carries an increased risk of a participant
ending up in the water. Further more they are likely to be surrounded by flotsam.
The ability to swim is an advantage.
2.
Hypothermia
Major injury
Adequate clothing should be worn. Instructor to monitor participants.
For wobbly boarding all participants should wear wet suits unless conditions are
exceptionally hot.
Consideration will be given to water temperature in relation to activities in colder
months. A wetsuit should be worn for sailing if capsizing is planned.
3.
Head injuries
Major injury
Clients under the age of 18 must wear a helmet. Adults are strongly advised to
wear a helmet. Exception for Access sailing boats as the boom height is such
that a head injury is unlikely.
There is less risk of head injury on wobbly boarding therefore participants don’t
need to wear a helmet.
For sailing sessions instructors should ensure that the sails are reefed and set in
relation to wind strengths and appropriate to the clients’ ability. (including outhaul
and kicker)
4.
Entanglement / Entrapment
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Major injury
Instructor to carry knife. Risk disclosure
Annex A page A 8
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
5.
Facial injury
Minor injury
Risk disclosure to cover awareness of paddles in relation to others faces.
Probable.
Mod
6.
Muscular or Back injury
Major injury
Good lifting technique adhered to. Launching, recovery or emptying of any craft
supervised by instructor.
Possible
Mod


1 Wobbly board between 2
For Raft Building as many participants as practical and the raft should
not have to be carried a long distance
Sailing craft with launching trolleys.
 1 Pico between 2
 1 Omega between 4 (Children)
 1 Omega between 2 (Adults)
7.
Foot injury.
Minor injury
All participants to wear footwear at all times
Possible
Insig
8.
Entrapment under floating jetties.
Fatality
Close instructor supervision.
Remote
Mod
For wobbly boarding the instructor will issue boards keeping participants clear of
deep water around jetty.
9.
Water Bourne hazards (including
Leptospirosis)
10. Shallow water
Major Injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
11. Sweeping bird excrement from
jetties
Major injury
Staff to thoroughly wash hands after task
Remote
Insig
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 9
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
SWIMMING
1.
Drowning
Fatality
All swimmers will wear a buoyancy aids.
Remote
Mod
Remote
Mod
(Unless swimming club operating where sufficient, pre arranged safety cover will
be provided.)
Safety craft launched and manned before swimmer entry into water. (Safety boat
or Canoe)
Swimming should not take place around any other craft.
2.
Entrapment under floating jetties
including jumping in from jetties.
Fatality
Close instructor supervision.
If jumping in from a jetty the instructor should risk assess suitability of location
with specific reference to:
 Depth
 Hidden obstructions
 The route the swimmer will take to get out of the water
3.
Shallow water
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
4.
Hypothermia
Major injury
Adequate clothing should be worn. Instructor to monitor participants.
Possible
Mod
Possible
Mod
(Consideration will be given to seasonal water temperature as to appropriateness
of swimming or jumping into cold water.)
5.
Water borne diseases
Major Injury
Water testing to take place in each lake used for swimming in 3 separate
locations on each lake. Frequency of testing will be every 6 months with
additional tests as required
SWIMMING IN COY’S LAKE SWIMMING AREA
For groups to use the designated swimming area at Coys lake during activity sessions the following applies:
Children (Under 16) must be supervised by a competent person such as a teacher, group leader or a volunteer aged 16 and over. The competent person will be chosen by
the instructor, be made aware of the rules and left in charge of the area.
 No jumping off the wooden decking into the swimming area
 Swimmers should avoid the floating jetty due to risk of entrapment
 Jumping in from the floating jetty should be supervised by a Stubbers Instructor only.
 A personal flotation device must be worn
 All participants must wear suitable footwear that will stay on
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 10
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
TOWERS – Climbing, Abseiling, High Ropes Course, Pamper pole, Crate Stack, Jacob’s Ladder
HAZARD
1.
Height
WORST
CASE LOSS
Fatality
PRESENT CONTROL METHODS
When moving off the ground above 1.5 metres clients will be attached to a safety
rope with regular back up knots deployed into dead rope.
LIKELIHOOD
RISK
Improbable
Insig
Remote
Mod
The instructor will lower climber to the ground unless on a NICAS/GCSE
programme, in which instance the client must be deemed confident and
competent to lower under direct supervision of the instructor.
Instructors will closely supervise belaying by participants.
Helmets and harnesses will be correctly fitted and worn by all members of the
group and members of staff at all times within the confines of Towers activity
areas.
Instructors must not leave a group unattended in the Tower.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and towers elements are to be visually
checked by the instructors each morning and recorded. PPE and hardware is
subject to a monthly recorded inspection by Staff. Towers checked and recorded
monthly by staff, annually by contract surveyor.
2.
Equipment Fatigue
Fatality
3.
Loose Overhead Objects
Fatality
Helmet to be worn at all times whilst in confines of Towers areas.
Participants’ pockets to be empty or zipped closed.
Remote
Mod
4.
Other Participants
Major injury
Climbers not permitted to climb above or below another climber.
Remote
Insig
5.
6.
7.
Sharp Wooden Parts
Steep/Wet Stairs
Moving Parts on Equipment
Minor injury
Major Injury
Major injury
Probable
Remote
Possible
Mod
Insig
Mod
8.
Lightning
Fatality
Remote
Mod
9.
Clothing
Fatality
Risk disclosure.
Risk Disclosure.
Hair to be tied back.
Loose clothing and tassels to be tucked in or removed.
Neckwear removed.
For Abseiling, only releasable systems will be used.
In the event of an electrical storm, the group will be escorted away from the
tower, and not return until a reasonable time after the hazard has passed.
Instructor to ensure loose clothing is secured, neckwear removed, jewellery
removed/secured.
Remote
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 11
Risk Assessment Matrix
10. Rescue
Stubbers Adventure Centre



Fatality



First action in all instances is to radio Charlie 3 for support.
A rescue will only be carried out by a competent staff member.
The safety of the instructor and the rest of the group is paramount. If an
instructor is required to ascend the wall, then there must be substantial
supervision at the bottom of the wall, and a competent belayer is required to
spot them on the rope.
If leaders offer to assist the climber, then this is a preferential option.
If an instructor is involved in a rescue, other climbers should be lowered to
the ground before a rescue is initiated.
If a rescue has been effected, an incident report must be written
2013
Remote
Mod
ZIP TOWER and HIGH ROPES TRAVERSE (Additional Criteria)
11. Klippa System
Fatality
The instructor must be satisfied that participants have demonstrated that they are
competent and confident using the Klippa safety system on the ground practise
level before they ascend the high ropes traverse.
Remote
Mod
12. Descent from Zip Platform
Fatality
An instructor will be stationed at the landing platform to safely assist the client in
being lowered to the ground.
Remote
Mod
Possible
Insig
A backup overhand knot must be tied in the dead rope above the Gri Gri before a
participants goes down the zip wire.
13. Elastic braking system.
Minor injury
Risk disclosure
MOBILE WALL (Additional criteria)
14. Stabilizing Legs and Base of Wall
Major injury
Protective padding will be placed around the stabilizing legs before climbing
commences.
On setting the tower, ensure the height on the adjusting legs are to the minimum
height (ground conditions allowing)
Remote
Insig
15. Wall Operation
16. Strong Winds
Fatality
Fatality
Wall is only to be erected by trained staff, on suitable ground.
The climbing tower should, wherever possible, be positioned facing the wind.
In strong wind conditions (Force 4 and above) the wall should not be erected.
Remote
Remote
Mod
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 12
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
LAND BASED
ACTIVITY / HAZARD
WORST
CASE LOSS
PRESENT CONTROL METHODS
LIKELIHOOD
RISK
ALL TERRAIN BOARDING
1. Head injury
Major injury
Wear a helmet
Possible
Mod
2. Broken limbs, twisted ankles
Major injury
Instructor to match track to competence of rider, track to be checked for
obstructions prior to descent.
Novice riders to use loose bindings.
Possible
Mod
3. Friction burns
Minor injury
Wear long sleeves and trousers. Wear knee and elbow pads.
Possible
Insig
4. Collision
Major injury
Use of safety tracks for ascending hill. Risk disclosure.
Possible
Mod
Remote
Mod
Possible
Mod
ARCHERY
1. Hit by arrow
Fatality
Safety procedures and risk disclosure briefed to GNAS guidelines. Access points
to firing range locked / secured with the following safety precautions in place:
a. Permanent warning signs on East Hill
b. Access to Archery field from road secured with rails and warning sign in
place.
c. Red Flag flying and visible at top of flag pole
Instructor to ensure that loaded and drawn bows point only at target.
A range is “foul” when:
 A person, animal or vehicle strays onto the range
 A person or animal is moving in such a way that they are in imminent
danger of straying onto the range
 While collecting arrows participants step or are about to step out of the
defined safe area for their range.
When a range is foul both instructors have the responsibility to call “Fast”. At
least 3 blasts must be blown on a whistle to alert all archers on both ranges.
Shooting may only continue when the risk has passed, the range is clear AND the
decision to restart is agreed by BOTH instructors.
2.
Inadvertent contact with arrow in
ground or target
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Major injury
Safety procedures and risk disclosure in brief.
Annex A page A 13
Risk Assessment Matrix
3. Misfire / equipment failure
Stubbers Adventure Centre
Major injury
Instructor ensures correct technique is used. Equipment checked correct prior to
commencing session.
Archery kit will be subject to a recorded 6 monthly stock take by a competent
person; faulty equipment will be marked and taken out of service for repair.
2013
Possible
Mod
ASSAULT COURSE
1. Rope burn
Minor injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course.
Possible
Insig
2. Strains/sprains
Minor injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course to act as warm up.
Possible
Insig
3. Injury due to slipping/falling
Major injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course.
Possible
Mod
4. Entanglement
Major injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course.
Remote
Insig
5. Medical
Major injury
Instructor to check for any relevant medical issues prior to beginning session. E.g.
asthma.
Remote
Insig
6. Equipment failure
Major injury
Equipment inspected prior to use.
Remote
Insig
7. Splinters
Minor injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course.
Possible
Insig
8. Hair or clothing entrapment
Major injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course.
Remote
Insig
9. Cuts and grazes
Minor injury
Risk disclosure. Instructor demonstration. Group walk through talk through prior
to running assault course.
Possible
Insig
10. Head injury
Major injury
All participants including the instructor to wear helmet.
COMMANDO CAMP
1.
Strain/sprain
Minor injury
Session will incorporate a warm up activity.
Possible
Insig
2.
Allergic reaction to cam cream
Fatality
Instructor to check if participants have specific allergies or commonly linked ones
(E.G plasters) If unsure do not use.
Remote
Mod
3.
Trip / fall
Major injury
Risk disclosure
Possible
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 14
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
4.
Burns
Major injury
Instructor close supervision of fire and fire lighting. Risk disclosure.
Remote
Insig
5.
Facial injury from foliage
Major injury
Risk disclosure
Possible
Mod
COMMANDO CAMP – BUSHCRAFT (Additional criteria)
6.
Knife, billhook and axe use.
Major injury
Instructor safe use demonstration. Instructor close supervision.
Remote
Insig
7.
Food hygiene / vermin
Fatality.
A high level of cleanliness is to be maintained, food or food preparation items are
not be left out. Once used items should be cleaned or thrown away.
Remote
Mod
8.
Overnight bivi – Cold, child leaving
bivi site and becoming lost.
Fatality
2 staff present of appropriate sex to group. System in place to monitor group
throughout night (1 staff awake or instructor positioning.) Risk disclosure.
Remote
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 15
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
FENCING
1.
Injury to eyes / face.
Major injury
Wear fencing mask.
Improbable
Insig
2.
Bruising.
Major Injury
All participants including Instructors to wear long trousers, enclosed footwear,
fencing jacket and a glove if fencing.
Remote
Insig
3.
Slip / fall
Major Injury
Ensure any spillages are mopped up.
All footwear securely fastened.
Remote
Insig
4.
Strain / sprain
Minor Injury
Session should include a warm up game.
Remote
Insig
5.
Dehydration / fatigue
Major Injury
Ensure the group take breaks and fluids between duels especially in warmer
weather.
Remote
Insig
6.
Equipment fault
Fatality
Instructor checks all equipment before the session. If a foil loses its button,
ensure it is replaced, if it snaps it is taken out of service.
Remote
Mod
FIELD GUN RUN
1.
Entrapment of fingers or limbs
Major injury
Gloves to be worn. Risk disclosure, reaching through wheels and sprung pins.
Remote
Insig
2.
Slipping, tripping
Major injury
The run must be over be over flat grass, the course should be checked for
obstructions and any rabbit holes etc filled prior to the run. Long sleeves and
trousers to be worn. Risk disclosure; correct placing around gun on ropes and
purpose of back ropes.
Possible
Mod
3.
Being run over by the gun
Major injury
Risk disclosure: Back ropes to stop gun in the event of a fall.
Possible
Mod
4.
Muscular / back injury
Major injury
Risk disclosure, correct lifting technique.
Possible
Mod
5.
Gun parts dropped on feet
Minor injury
Shoes to be worn no open footwear.
Probable
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 16
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
GRASS SLEDGING
1.
Head Injury
Major injury
Wear a helmet.
Possible
Mod
2. Entrapment of fingers or limbs
3. Friction burns
Major injury
Minor injury
Risk disclosure for all body parts to remain inside the sledge whilst in motion
Recommend wearing long trousers.
Possible
Possible
Mod
Insig
4. Collision
Major injury
Use of safety tracks for ascending hill. Risk disclosure.
Possible
Mod
LASER TAG
1. General
-
2. Slip or trip, running into / striking
another participant
Major injury
3. Cuts and abrasions
Minor injury
4. Fall
Major injury
5. Equipment damage
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Equipment
damage
Safety briefing to include walk round of the area with hazards being shown by
the Marshall.
Marshall vigilance during games.
Briefing to include:
Game area:
 Trip hazards include, uneven ground, trees, barricades (Emphasize:
the importance of “looking where you are going”)
 Game area boundary
 Safe zone (Where to go when out of the current game)
Gun care:
 2 hands on the rifle at all times keeping it under control
All participants to wear long sleeves, long trousers and closed footwear.
Marshall vigilance during games.
All Assault course apparatus areas are out of bounds.
Briefing to include:
 Demonstration of how to hold and aim
 Gun controls
 Participants to not remove head sensors, if they fall off to stop and
replace them before continuing.
 Do not adjust / play with dials on the sights
Annex A page A 17
-
-
Possible
Mod
Possible
Insig
Remote
Insig
Remote
Insig
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013


6. Equipment care (Marshall notes)
Equipment
damage
When charging the guns the charger must be set on 1amp charge.
NB when guns are off, charging point is live – if clearing mud / debris
from the charging port gun must be switched on.
 Guns to be stored in approved locations and locked up when
unattended
 Cleaning – Guns should be cleaned regularly with a damp cloth.
Cleaned monthly with polish
 Regular recorded checks on the guns will include a check on the butt
screw and the collar between the butt and the furniture.
Remote
Insig
ORIENTEERING
1.
Slip / trip / fall
Major injury
Risk disclosure
Possible
Mod
2.
Undergrowth
Minor injury
Risk disclosure, appropriate clothing
Possible
Insig
3.
Getting lost
Major injury
Risk disclosure
Remote
Insig
4.
Effect of weather
Major injury
Clothing appropriate to the weather, terrain, ground conditions and fitness of the
clients will be checked. Those clients who run may require fewer clothes than
those who walk.
Remote
Insig
RIFLE SHOOTING
1. Injury from pellet strike
Major injury
Risk disclosure. Close supervision by instructor. Rifles to be attended by
instructor at all times. Rifle checked clear before handing over or putting away.
Possible
Mod
2. Eye injury
Major injury
Wear eye protection when shooting.
Possible
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 18
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
TEAM BUILDING (Including Team Games and Team Challenge)
1.
Falling.
Major injury
Risk disclosure. “Spotters” to assist participant on apparatus where unprotected
height above ground is greater than 1.5 metres or where there are unprotected
obstructions within 1.8 metres.
Remote
Insig
2.
Trip / slip.
Major injury
Risk disclosure.
Remote
Insig
3.
Muscular / back injury.
Major injury
Risk disclosure. There should never be less than two individuals supporting the
lifted person. The lifters should be of similar size and weight to the person being
lifted.
Remote
Insig
4.
Facial injury (feet in face)
Minor injury
Risk disclosure.
Possible
Insig
5.
Equipment failure.
Major injury
Instructor visual inspection.
Remote
Insig
6.
Equipment misuse.
Major injury
Instructors are not to deviate from the general principles of the risk assessed and
approved game briefings. New ideas are welcome but should be tested and
approved before used on a client.
Remote
Insig
Only designated equipment and venues are to be used for Team Building
activities.
7.
Rope burn.
Minor injury
Risk disclosure.
Possible
Insig
8.
Entanglement.
Fatality
Risk disclosure.
Remote
Mod
9.
Splinters.
Minor injury
Risk disclosure.
Possible
Insig
10. Weather conditions.
Major injury
The conduct of the session must take into account special conditions such as the
presence of rain and ice. Remember that periods of hot weather can make the
ground very hard.
Possible
Mod
11. Jewellery.
Minor injury
Risk disclosure. Jewellery removed.
Remote
Insig
Possible
Insig
TEAM CHALLENGE COURSE (Additional criteria)
12. Walking into wires
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Minor injury
Risk disclosure.
Padding and visible markings on wires that are likely to catch participants
unawares.
Instructor route choice.
Annex A page A 19
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
HIGH WALL – 14 foot (Additional criteria)
1.
Falling
Major injury
2 Instructors are required to safely supervise.
Remote
Insig
Additional instructors will be required when
 The activity is competitive against the clock
 Well practised teams are achieving or aiming for particularly quick
times
 There is any doubt as to the adequacy of spotting or any other
aspect of safety on the wall. This might include special
circumstances such as language problems
POND CROSS
1.
Rope burn.
Minor injury
All clients must be wearing gloves whilst using ropes.
Remote
Insig
2.
Strain / sprain.
Minor injury
Risk disclosure.
Possible
Insig
3.
Back injury.
Major injury
Risk disclosure.
Remote
Insig
4.
Slip / fall.
Major injury
Risk disclosure.
Possible
Mod
5.
Head injury.
Fatality
All participants, the instructor and any observers in side activity area must wear a
helmet.
Remote
Mod
6.
Trapped fingers.
Major injury
Ensure participants keep their hands clear of all moving parts (pulley systems). It
is recommended that the participant’s hands are on the rope behind the direction
of travel if pulling themselves across.
If they are being pulled across their hands should be holding onto the bosuns’
chair.
Remote
Insig
7.
Existing medical condition.
Major injury
Medical disclosure.
Remote
Insig
8.
Equipment collapse.
Fatality
Remote
Mod
9.
Colliding with the adjacent bank.
Major injury
The instructor will closely monitor the equipment for signs of collapse. If unsure,
stop the session and check the set up making any changes needed to make safe
before continuing.
If equipment is broken do not try to repair, take out of service, mark do not use
and inform Land based Coordinator.
A three disc traffic light system is to be used at pond cross. Two discs will go the
other side of the pond for slow down (Amber) and stop (Red) but on the launch
side a GO (Green) disk is to be shown before the person is pulled across the
pond.
Risk disclosure.
Remote
Insig
Improbable
Insig
10. Drowning.
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Fatality
Annex A page A 20
Risk Assessment Matrix
11. Hair and clothing entrapment.
Stubbers Adventure Centre
Major injury
Ensure all hair is tied back and loose clothing is tucked out of the way of any
moving parts.
2013
Remote
Insig
TUNNELLING
1. Falling
Major injury
Safety procedures and risk disclosure will be included in the clients briefing which
will include:
 Safe descent of ladder.
 Instructor demonstration of descent of holes.
 Chinese whispers game to illustrate passing information to the tunneller
behind.
Remote
Insig
2.
Cuts and grazes
Minor injury
Wear long sleeves and long trousers / overalls
Probable
Mod
3.
Panic and stress
Minor injury
Risk disclosure. Close supervision by instructor.
Remote
Insig
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 21
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
MOTOR SPORTS
ACTIVITY / HAZARD
WORST
CASE LOSS
PRESENT CONTROL METHODS
LIKELIHOOD
RISK
MOTOR VEHICLES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Vehicle Failure
Collision
Injury to Passengers
Injury to Pedestrians
Unqualified / inexperienced drivers
Clients with Special needs
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Environment/
Equipment
Damage
Pre-Session checks
Observation of other vehicles in case of sudden stop
Fire Extinguisher ready for immediate use
4x4 only - Brakes to be cleared of excess water after driving through water /
puddles
Fatality
Driving at low speed
Constant all round observation
Demonstration on all new levels by instructor first
All driver’s to be constantly monitored via the driving assessment sheets
Engine cut out switch or dual control available
Major injury
Fatality
Major injury
Major injury
Passengers to remain seated at all times
Passengers to hold onto appropriate ‘holds’ pointed out buy instructor
Passengers to remain inside the vehicle, no hanging or reaching outside the
framework
Where fitted, seat belts will be worn
Doors will be closed, rear doors will have child lock on
Risk disclosure regarding exhaust area temperature
Give pedestrians right of way
Session conducted in designated areas
Driver is not attempting anything beyond their capabilities or qualifications
Drivers’ feet are able to touch the flooring for stability in Argocats
Session to be progressed through levels as stated in training plans and range
cards
Aware of special needs within the group, session / challenges adjusted
accordingly
Annex A page A 22
Possible
Insig
Remote
Mod
Remote
Insig
Remote
Mod
Remote
Insig
Remote
Insig
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
7.
Age of driver
Major injury
Argocats only - Children under 9 not to drive
8.
Towing and Recovery
Major Injury
Vehicle recovery will be led by a BORDA level 1 qualified driver who has
completed training in Towing and recovery
Instructors must use approved recovery equipment
All clients to stand well clear of vehicles
No passengers are to be carried in either vehicle during towing
2013
Remote
Insig
Possible
Mod
Remote
Insig
Possible
Mod
QUAD BIKING - GENERAL
1.
Vehicle failure
Major injury
Vehicles are to be checked fit for use before each session.
All defects are to be logged and reported to the maintainer.
Any mechanical work is to be carried out by an authorised maintainer.
Any vehicle that is not serviceable will be marked “Do not use”
2.
Head injury
Major injury
Wear a helmet
3.
Broken Limbs and abrasion
Major injury
Long sleeves, long trousers, sturdy foot wear, gloves and goggles must be worn
by all riders
Possible
Mod
Fire extinguisher at trackside. Riders to wear long sleeves and trousers. No
smoking
Remote
Insig
Sessions will only be conducted on approved tracks
Pedestrians will be given right of way
Possible
Mod
Age restrictions on use of machines as indicated in manufactures guidelines are
to be complied with
Improbable
Insig
Remote
Insig
4.
5.
6.
7.
Burns
Injury to bystanders
The law
Transporting bikes from store to
track
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Major injury
Major injury
Major injury
Major injury
Methods of moving ATVs to track are riding or walking.
ATVs may only be ridden to the track by Rider Course qualified staff wearing all
required PPE
ATVs may be moved at the walk using power of engine provided that the ignition
cut off lanyard is worn
Annex A page A 23
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
QUAD BIKING - ENCLOSED TRACKS
1.
2.
3.
Collision
Injury to pedestrians
Participant mounting and
dismounting
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Major injury
Major injury
Minor injury
Instructors will be EASI L1 Supervisor trained and assisted by a competent
person.
Instructor: to ATV ratio will not exceed 2:2. Instructor and assistant will supervise
one ATV each.
All riders must follow the approved direction of travel around the tracks at all
times.
Participants waiting to ride must remain in the safety area until called out to by
instructor and then only when dressed to ride.
Possible
Mod
Remote
Insig
Remote
Insig
Bike under the control of instructor (Brake and throttle guarded, lanyard worn)
Annex A page A 24
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
OFFSITE
ACTIVITY / HAZARD
1. Collision / losing control of the
vehicle
WORST
CASE LOSS
PRESENT CONTROL METHODS
DRIVING
All drivers will be trained and assessed to be competent according to the
Stubbers procedures.
Drive with extra consideration and courtesy for other road users.
When reversing to hitch up a trailer, do not allow an assistant to stand between
the vehicle and the trailer. It is the driver's legal responsibility to ensure any trailer
is connected up and the load secured.
The driver should not be responsible for supervision of young passengers while
driving on public roads. Another responsible person should be embarked for this
purpose.
Drive with extra anticipation of potential hazards:
 Snow, ice or floods.
 Fast oncoming vehicles around corners.
2. Entrapment is a disabled vehicle
On public roads all passengers will wear seatbelts where fitted.
Do not lock any doors whilst passengers are being carried.
3.Falling out of the vehicle
Check all the doors are closed securely, taking particular note of the back doors.
4.Vehicle failure
Driver to check vehicle for serviceability prior to use and recorded in the vehicles
log book (oil, water level, tyres, general condition)
Report in writing any faults or accidental damage using the Centre's reporting
system.
Special considerations apply to parking the vehicle in winter, e.g., ensure lights
out, engine away from wind if possible, gear engaged, and in freezing conditions,
leave the handbrake off.
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 25
LIKELIHOOD
RISK
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
CANOE / KAYAK – Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation (River Chelmer)
1.
Drowning (including entrapment in
craft)
Fatality
Buoyancy aid to be worn. Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Dry capsize drill covered in safety brief
Remote
Mod
Instructor to boat ratios must not be exceeded.
 Kayaking 1:10
 Canoeing 1: 6
2.
Hypothermia
Major injury
Warm windproof clothing to be worn. Wetsuit / dry suit worn for capsize training
in very cold water. Dry clothes and towel available. Warm drinks available.
Instructor to monitor well being of participants.
Possible
Mod
3.
Facial injury
Minor injury
Risk disclosure to cover awareness of paddles in relation to others faces.
Probable.
Mod
4.
Muscular or Back injury
Major Injury
Participant good lifting technique adhered to. Launching, recovery or emptying of
any craft supervised by instructor.
Possible
Mod



1 kayak between 2
1 Canoe between 2 (Adults)
1 Canoe between 4 (Children)
5.
Foot injury.
Minor injury
All participants to wear footwear at all times
Possible
Insig
6.
Water Bourne hazards
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
7.
Shallow water
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief.
Possible
Mod
8.
Flotsam and vegetation
Fatality
Risk disclosure included in brief.
Remote
Mod
9.
Length and severity of trip
Major injury
Food and drink and spare clothing carried as appropriate. Tow line and throw line
carried. Plan for regular stops. Instructor to remain vigilant.
Remote
Insig
10. Submerged obstacles, walls and
banks
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief. Helmets carried and worn at instructor’s
discretion.
Remote
Insig
11. Client separation from group
Fatality
Instructor to lead using C.L.A.P (Communication, Line of sight, Avoidance,
Position of most usefulness.)
Remote
Mod
12. River traffic
Fatality
Group briefed on the rules of the road. Instructor to remain vigilant.
Improbable
Insig
13. Road crossing
Major injury
Green cross code, Instructor to remain vigilant.
Remote
Mod
14. Fisherman. Tackle, lines etc
Major injury
Give a wide berth and be courteous.
Remote
Insig
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 26
Risk Assessment Matrix
15. Wild life
Stubbers Adventure Centre
Major injury
Give a wide berth. Instructor position of most usefulness.
2013
Remote
Insig
Remote
Mod
CLIMBING / ABSEILING
1.
Falling
Fatality
Instructor: client to rope ratio will not exceed 1: 2, an assistant instructor would
permit 2: 4 and is reduced for specialist courses to 1: 1.
When moving off the ground above 1.5 metres clients will be attached to a safety
rope.
When using Gri-Gri’s, the instructor will lower climber to the ground.
Instructors will closely supervise belaying by clients.
Harnesses will be correctly fitted when worn by participants.
The instructor should ensure they are correctly protected at all times.
Verbal risk disclosure - Stay in group, awareness of local hazards.
Instructors to make sure clients are supervised at the top at all times.
Instructor to spot during movement across exposed areas. Rope to be used on
exposed edges.
2.
Collision with participants
Major injury
Climbers not permitted to climb above or below another climber.
Remote
Insig
3.
Entrapment of hair/clothing or
jewellery.
Major injury
Hair to be tied back. Loose clothing tucked in or removed.
For Abseiling, only releasable systems will be used.
Possible
Mod
4.
Equipment damage
Equipment
damage
The clients must be instructed how to carry and protect gear in transit as well as
when in use.
Possible
Insig
5.
Head injury
Major injury
Clients and instructors will wear helmets at all times when climbing. Instructors
will use their discretion at lunchtime and while approaching and departing from
the crag.
Remote
Insig
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 27
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
6.
Tripping over
Major injury
Verbal risk disclosure- To be made aware of trip hazards.
Possible
Mod
7.
Falling whilst bouldering
Major Injury
Teach and use spotting techniques.
Possible
Mod
8.
Body contact with rock
Minor injury
Risk disclosure- Instructor to recommend long sleeves and trousers to be worn.
Possible
Insig
9.
Insect bites
Minor injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief. Use of insect repellent.
Possible
Insig
HILL WALKING
1.
Falling
Fatality
Instructor to hold minimum Mountain Leader summer award accompanied by in
date relevant first aid certificate.
Remote
Mod
2.
Exposure
Fatality
Leader and group to be adequately equipped.
Remote
Mod
3.
Weather conditions
Fatality
Leader to take into account weather conditions and be proactive in implementing
control measures.
Remote
Mod
4.
Environmental / Hygiene
Major injury
Risk disclosure to include toilet and food preparation hygiene
Remote
Insig
5.
Getting Lost
Fatality
Route choice to take into consideration; weather forecast, time of year and group
abilities
Remote
Mod
HILL WALKING – WILD CAMPING
1. Cooking
Major injury
Leader demonstration of safe stove use including refuelling
Remote
Insig
2. Camp site choice
Fatality
Leader to choose campsite taking into consideration Weather forecast /
conditions, Group ability, Escape routes.
Any local hazards included in risk disclosure.
Remote
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 28
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
POWER BOAT - Blackwater and Colne Estuaries
1.
Drowning (including falling
overboard)
Fatality
Buoyancy aid to be worn by all passengers and crew. Crew and driver competent
to recover man overboard.
Maximum numbers that are permitted on any craft should not be exceeded. All
passengers to remain seated at all times.
Operating area within Cat C water - West of a line between Sales Point and the
South Western tip of Mersea Island.
Remote
Mod
2.
Injury from propeller
Major injury
All powered craft will be fitted with an engine cut out switch which should be used
correctly at all times. Lanyard must remain attached to the instructor.
Remote
Insig
Engine switched off when recovering swimmers.
3.
Hypothermia
Major injury
Disclosure of risks through wind chill. Warm clothing to be worn.
Remote
Insig
4.
Water Bourne hazards
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief
Possible
Mod
5.
Injury from entry into shallow water
Major injury
Risk disclosure in safety brief
Possible
Mod
6.
Foot injury
Minor injury
All participants to wear footwear at all times.
Possible
Insig
7.
Fire
Fatality
Refuelling should be done on land away from the water and outside in well
ventilated areas.
Remote
Mod
8.
Engine failure
Major injury /
Equipment
damage
The fuel tank and battery (if fitted) should be adequately secured. Outboard
engines should be securely attached ideally with additional bolts through the
transom.
Improbable
Insig
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 29
Risk Assessment Matrix
9.
May Day situation.
Stubbers Adventure Centre
Fatality
Before setting out, the instructor must have ascertained the weather and sea
state forecast for the area, tidal currents and times, and any hazards pertinent.
Safety equipment carried onboard to include:











2013
Remote
Mod
First aid kit.
Anchor, chain and warp.
Paddles.
Tow lines.
VHF radio and GPS.
Charts and compass.
Distress flares – orange smoke and pin point red.
Spare fuel appropriate to journey with emergency reserve.
Tool kit.
Thermal protective aids.
Mobile phone.
RESIDENTIAL
1.
Fire
Fatality
Welcome briefing to include:
 Actions on fire alarm.
 Fire doors to remain shut.
 Safety procedures for use of open fires if relevant.
Remote
Mod
2.
Slip / trip / fall
Major injury
Welcome briefing to include no running.
Possible
Mod
3.
Kitchen
Major injury
Welcome briefing to include kitchen safety.
Possible
Mod
4.
Wood splitting
Major injury
Instructor demonstration and assessment of safe practice.
Possible
Mod
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 30
Risk Assessment Matrix
Stubbers Adventure Centre
2013
SAILING - DRASCOMBE – Blackwater and Colne Estuaries
1. Drowning
Fatality
Life jacket or buoyancy aid to be worn.
Operating area within Cat C water - West of a line between Sales Point and the
South Western tip of Mersea Island.
Maximum numbers that are permitted on any craft should not be exceeded and
consideration should be given to the total weight of passengers
Possible
Mod
2. Hypothermia
Major Injury
Warm, windproof clothing to be worn and spare clothing available if conditions /
forecasted conditions dictate.
Possible
Mod
3. May Day situation
Fatality
Before setting out, the skipper must have ascertained the weather and sea state
forecast for the area, tidal currents and times, and any hazards pertinent.
Remote
Mod
Safety equipment carried onboard to include:
 Anchor, chain and warp.
 Buckets.
 VHF radio and GPS.
 Distress flares – orange smoke and pinpoint red.
 Charts and compass.
 Fog horn.
 Thermal protective aids.
 Tool Kit.
 Fire extinguisher.
 Throw line.
 Mobile phone.
Last updated 29/1/13 AW
Annex A page A 31