MTU | 20 V 4000 C22 | Operating instructions | MTU 20 V 4000 C22 Operating instructions

Operating Instructions
Diesel engine
20V 4000 C22
M015675/06E
Printed in Germany
© 2013 Copyright MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH
This Publication is protected by copyright and may not be used in any way whether in whole or in part without the prior
written permission of MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH. This restriction also applies to copyright, distribution, translation, microfilming and storage or processing on electronic systems including data bases and online services.
This handbook is provided for use by maintenance and operating personnel in order to avoid malfunctions or damage
during operation.
Subject to alterations and amendments.
Table of Contents
1 Safety
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
Important provisions for all products
Personnel and organizational requirements
Transport
Crankshaft transport locking device – For
transport with flanged-on generator
Safety regulations for startup and operation
Safety regulations for maintenance and
repair work
Fire prevention and environmental
protection, consumable fluids and materials
Standards for safety notices in the text
7.1.2 Engine – Barring with starting system
5
6
7
8
10
11
14
16
2 General Information
2.1 Engine side and cylinder designations
2.2 Engine layout
2.3 Sensors and actuators – Overview
17
18
21
24
28
29
4 Operation
4.1 Putting the engine into operation after
extended out-of-service periods (>3 months)
4.2 Putting the engine into operation after
scheduled out-of-service-period
4.3 Engine – Starting in manual mode
4.4 Operational checks
4.5 Engine – Stopping in manual mode
4.6 After shutting down the engine
4.7 Cleaning the plant
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
7.1.1 Engine – Barring manually
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
7.4.1 Grounding device – Carbon brush check
7.4.2 Grounding device – Carbon brush replacement
7.5 Valve Drive
7.5.1 Valve gear – Lubrication
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
7.5.3 Cylinder head cover – Removal and
installation
7.6 Injection Pump / HP Pump
7.6.1 HP pump – Filling with engine oil
7.6.2 HP pump – Relief bore check
7.7.1 Injector – Replacement
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation
7.8 Fuel System
7.8.1 Fuel system – Venting
37
38
41
52
52
55
55
57
59
59
61
62
63
65
65
67
68
68
69
74
75
75
76
77
77
78
83
83
7.9 Fuel Filter
84
7.9.1
7.9.2
7.9.3
7.9.4
84
85
86
87
Fuel filter – Replacement
Draining fuel prefilter
Edge-type fuel filter – Draining
Auxiliary fuel filter – Replacement
7.10.1 Intercooler – Check water drain for coolant
leakage and absence of restrictions
7 Task Description
7.1 Engine
7.3.1 Crankcase breather – Oil separator element
replacement, diaphragm check and
replacement
7.3.2 Crankcase breather – Cleaning
7.3.3 Crankcase breather (open-circuit crankcase
ventilation) – Filter element cleaning
7.3.4 Crankcase breather – Filter element
replacement
7.10 Charge-Air Cooling
6 Troubleshooting
6.1 Troubleshooting
6.2 ECU 4 alarms
7.3 Crankcase Breather
7.7 Injection Valve / Injector
5 Maintenance
5.1 Maintenance Schedule task reference table
[QL1]
7.2.1 Endoscopically examining cylinder liner
7.2.2 Instructions and comments on endoscopic and
visual examination of cylinder liners
7.4 Running Gear
3 Technical Data
3.1 20V 4000 C22 engine data
3.2 Firing order
3.3 Main engine dimensions
7.2 Cylinder Liner
54
7.11 Air Filter
7.11.1 Air filter element and dust bowl (optional) –
Cleaning
7.11.2 Air filter – Replacement
7.11.3 Air filter element – Removal and installation
(optional)
7.11.4 Service indicator – Signal ring position check
(optional)
7.12 Starting Equipment
7.12.1 Starter – Condition check
88
88
89
89
90
91
92
93
93
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Table of Contents | 3
7.13 Lube Oil System, Lube Oil Circuit
7.13.1 Checking engine oil level
7.13.2 Engine oil – Change
7.14 Oil Filtration / Cooling
7.14.1 Automatic oil filter – Oil filter candles
replacement
7.14.2 Oil indicator filter – Cleaning and check
7.14.3 Cleaning centrifugal oil filter and replacing
filter sleeve
7.15 Coolant Circuit, General, High-Temperature
Circuit
7.15.1
7.15.2
7.15.3
7.15.4
7.15.5
Engine coolant – Level check
Engine coolant – Change
Engine coolant – Draining
Engine coolant – Filling
Engine coolant pump – Checking pressure
relief port
7.15.6 Engine coolant – Sample extraction and
analysis
7.15.7 Engine coolant filter – Replacement
7.16 Low-Temperature Circuit
7.16.1
7.16.2
7.16.3
7.16.4
7.16.5
Charge-air coolant – Level check
Charge-air coolant – Change
Charge-air coolant – Draining
Charge-air coolant system – Filling
Charge-air coolant pump – Checking pressure
relief port
94
94
95
96
96
99
101
103
103
104
105
106
108
109
110
111
111
112
113
114
116
7.17 Engine Mounting / Support
117
7.17.1 Engine mounting – Check
117
118
7.19 Battery-Charging Generator
7.19.1
7.19.2
7.19.3
7.19.4
Battery-charging generator – Removal
Battery-charging generator – Check
Generator – Cleaning
Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt
tension adjustment
7.19.5 Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt
tension check
7.19.6 Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt
replacement
7.20 Fan Drive
118
119
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
7.20.1 Fan drive – Drive belt tension check /
adjustment
7.20.2 Fan drive – Drive belt replacement
125
127
7.21 Wiring (General) for Engine/Gearbox/Unit
128
7.21.1 Engine wiring – Check
7.22 Accessories for (Electronic) Engine
Governor / Control System
7.22.1 Engine governor and connectors – Cleaning
7.22.2 Checking engine control unit plug connections
128
129
129
130
8 Appendix A
8.1 Abbreviations
8.2 MTU contact persons/service partners
131
134
9 Appendix B
9.1 Special Tools
9.2 Index
135
143
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
7.18 Belt Drive
7.18.1 Drive belt – Check condition
4 | Table of Contents | M015675/06E 2013-04
1 Safety
1.1 Important provisions for all products
Nameplate
The product is identified by nameplate, model designation or serial number and must match with the
information on the title page of this manual.
Nameplate, model designation or serial number can be found on the product.
General information
This product may pose a risk of injury or damage in the following cases:
• Incorrect use
• Operation, maintenance and repair by unqualified personnel
• Modifications or conversions
• Noncompliance with the safety instructions and warning notices
Correct use
The product is intended exclusively for the application specified in the contract or defined at the time of
delivery.
This means that the equipment must be operated:
• Within the permissible operating parameters in accordance with the (→ product data)
• With fluids and lubricants approved by the manufacturer in accordance with the (→ Fluids and Lubricants Specifications of the manufacturer)
• With spare parts approved by the manufacturer in accordance with the (→ applicable Spare Parts
Catalog)
• In the original as-delivered configuration or in a configuration approved by the manufacturer in writing (including engine control/parameters)
• In compliance with all safety instructions and in adherence to all warning notices in this manual
• In accordance with the maintenance requirements over the entire service life of the product (→ Maintenance Schedule)
• In compliance with the maintenance and repair instructions contained in this manual, in particular
with regard to the specified tightening torques
• With the exclusive use of technical personnel trained in commissioning, operation, maintenance and
repair
• By contracting only workshops authorized by the manufacturer to carry out repair and overhaul
Any other use is considered improper use and increases the risk of personnel injury or material damage
in product operation.The manufacturer will accept no liability for such damage.
Modifications or conversions
TIM-ID: 0000040530 - 001
Unauthorized modifications to the product compromise safety.
The manufacturer will accept no liability or warranty claims for any damage caused by unauthorized
modifications or conversions.
Spare parts
Only genuine spare parts must be used to replace components or assemblies.
The manufacturer will accept no liability or warranty claims for any damage caused by the use of other
spare parts.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Safety | 5
1.2 Personnel and organizational requirements
Organizational measures of the operator
This manual must be issued to all personnel involved in operation, maintenance, repair or transportation.
Keep this manual handy in the vicinity of the product such that it is accessible to operating, maintenance, repair and transport personnel at all times.
Use this manual as a basis for instructing personnel on product operation and repair, whereby the safety-relevant instructions, in particular, must be read and understood.
This is particularly important in the case of personnel who only occasionally perform work on or around
the product. This personnel must be instructed repeatedly.
Personnel requirements
All work on the product shall be carried out by trained and qualified personnel only.
• Training at the Training Center of the manufacturer
• Qualified personnel specialized in mechanical and plant engineering
The operator must define the responsibilities of the personnel involved in operation, maintenance, repair and transport.
Working clothes and personal protective equipment
Wear proper protective clothing for all work.
TIM-ID: 0000040531 - 002
When working, always wear the necessary personal protective equipment (e.g. ear protectors, protective gloves, goggles, breathing protection). Observe the information on personal protective equipment
in the respective activity description.
6 | Safety | M015675/06E 2013-04
1.3 Transport
Transport
Always use the lifting eyes on the engine and generator/gearbox when transporting gensets.
Always use the lifting eyes on the engine when transporting an engine separately.
Only use transport and lifting devices approved by MTU.
The engine/genset must only be transported in installation position: maximum permissible diagonal pull
10°.
Remove any loose parts on the genset.
Raise the engine/genset slowly. The lifting ropes or chains must not make contact with the engine or
its components. Readjust lifting device as necessary.
Pay attention to the center of gravity of the engine/genset.
TIM-ID: 0000002618 - 006
For special packaging with aluminium foil: Suspend the engine/genset by the lifting eyes on the bearing
pedestal or transport by means of handling equipment (forklift truck) capable of bearing the load.
Fit the crankshaft transportation lock on the engine and fit the engine mount locking devices prior to
transport.
Secure the engine/genset such as to preclude tipping during transport. Secure such as to preclude slipping and tipping when driving up or down inclines and ramps.
Placement after transport
Place the engine/genset on a firm, flat surface only.
Make sure that the consistency and load-bearing capacity of the ground or support surface is adequate.
Never set an engine down on the oil pan unless expressively authorized to do so by MTU on a case-tocase basis.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Safety | 7
1.4 Crankshaft transport locking device – For transport with
flanged-on generator
Transport
This locking device protects the crankshaft bearings from shocks and vibration damage during unit
transport.
For removal of the transport locking device follow the following instructions:
• The transport locking device should remain installed as long as possible during unit installation in
order to avoid damage.
• Starting or barring the engine is allowed only with the transport locking device removed. Make sure
that the transport locking device of the generator is removed.
• Prior to every unit transport, this transport locking device must be reinstalled according to the instructions. The transport locking device of the generator is also to be fitted.
Removing the transport locking device from driving end (KS)
Store the removed parts of the transport locking device carefully for possible reuse!
8 | Safety | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000004012 - 001
• Remove screw (4) on both sides. Remove retainer (2) and washer (3).
• Remove guard plate from flywheel housing.
Fitting the transport locking device on driving end (KS)
TIM-ID: 0000004012 - 001
• Remove protective cover from flywheel housing (5).
Keep guard plate and screws on the engine. They must be reinstalled when the transport locking device has been removed.
• Turn crankshaft to bring cylinder A1 in TDC position.
• Check the threads on both sides of the flywheel (1) for ease of movement.
• Install retainer (2) with screw (4) and washer (3) through the opening in the flywheel housing (5) .
Lubricant: engine oil.
• Tighten screw (4) in three steps. Tightening torque: 50 +5 Nm.
• Mark the engine as "Fitted with transportation locking device".
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Safety | 9
1.5 Safety regulations for startup and operation
Safety regulations for startup
Install the product correctly and carry out acceptance in accordance the manufacturer's specifications
before putting the product into service.
Before the product is put into operation for the first time, all official authorizations must be available
and commissioning preconditions met.
When putting the product into operation, always ensure
• that all maintenance and repair work has been completed;
• that all loose parts have been removed from rotating machine components;
• that no-one is present in the danger zone of rotating machine components.
Immediately after putting the product into operation, make sure that all control and display instruments
as well as the signaling and alarm systems work properly.
Safety regulations for equipment operation
The operator must be familiar with the control and display elements.
The operator must be familiar with the consequences of any operations performed.
During operation, the display instruments and monitoring units must be permanently observed with regard to present operating status, violation of limit values and warning or alarm messages.
Malfunctions and emergency stop
The procedures for cases of emergency, in particular, emergency stop, must be practiced regularly.
The following steps must be taken if a malfunction of the system is recognized or reported by the system:
• Inform supervisor(s) in charge,
• Analyze the message,
• If required, carry out emergency operations e.g. emergency stop.
Operation
The following conditions must be fulfilled before starting the product:
• Wear ear protection.
• Ensure that the engine room is well ventilated.
• Do not inhale the exhaust gases of the product.
• Ensure that the exhaust system is free of leaks and that the gases are discharged to atmosphere.
• Mop up any leaked or spilt fluids and lubricants immediately or soak up with a suitable binding agent.
• Protect battery terminals, generator terminals or cables against accidental contact.
Operation of electrical equipment
Observe the safety instructions for these devices.
10 | Safety | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000040533 - 001
When electrical equipment is in operation, certain components of these appliances are electrically live.
1.6 Safety regulations for maintenance and repair work
Safety regulations prior to maintenance and repair work
Have maintenance or repair work carried out by qualified and authorized personnel only.
Allow the product to cool down to less than 50°C before starting maintenance work (risk of explosion
of oil vapors, fluids and lubricants, risk of burning).
Before starting work, relieve pressure in systems and compressed-air lines which are to be opened. Use
suitable containers of adequate capacity to catch fluids and lubricants.
When changing the oil or working on the fuel system, ensure that the engine room is adequately ventilated.
Never carry out maintenance and repair work with the product in operation.
Carry out function checks on a product in operation only if expressly permitted to do so.
Secure the product against unintentional starting, e.g. with start interlock.
Attach "Do not operate" sign in the operating area or to control equipment.
Disconnect the battery. Lock circuit breakers.
Close the main valve on the compressed-air system and vent the compressed-air line when pneumatic
starters are fitted.
Disconnect the control equipment from the product.
The following additional instructions apply to starters with beryllium copper pinion:
• Breathing protection of filter class P2 must be applied during maintenance work to avoid health hazards caused by the beryllium-containing pinion. Do not blow out the interior of the flywheel housing
or the starter with compressed air. Clean the flywheel housing inside with a class H dust extraction
device as an additional measure.
Safety regulations during maintenance and repair work
Take special care when removing ventilation or plug screws from the product. Cover the screw or plug
with a rag to prevent fluids escaping under pressure.
Take care when draining hot fluids and lubricants (risk of burning).
Use only proper and calibrated tools. Observe the specified tightening torques during assembly or disassembly.
Carry out work only on assemblies or plants which are properly secured.
Never use lines for climbing.
Keep fuel injection lines and connections clean.
Always seal connections with caps or covers if a line is removed or opened.
TIM-ID: 0000040535 - 001
Take care not to damage lines, in particular fuel lines, during maintenance and repair work.
Ensure that all retainers and dampers are installed correctly.
Ensure that all fuel injection and pressurized oil lines are installed with enough clearance to prevent
contact with other components. Do not place fuel or oil lines near hot components.
Do not touch elastomeric seals if they have carbonized or resinous appearance unless hands are properly protected.
Note cooling time for components which are heated for installation or removal (risk of burning).
When working high on the equipment, always use suitable ladders and work platforms. Make sure components or assemblies are placed on stable surfaces.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Safety | 11
Ensure particular cleanness during maintenance and repair work on the product. After completion of
maintenance and repair work, make sure that no loose objects are in/on the product (e.g. cloths and
cable ties)
Safety regulations after completion of maintenance and repair work
Before barring, make sure that nobody is standing in the danger zone of the product.
Check that all guards have been reinstalled and that all tools and loose parts have been removed after
working on the product (in particular, the barring tool).
Welding work
Welding operations on the product or mounted units are not permitted. Cover the product when welding
in its vicinity.
Before starting welding work:
• Switch off the power supply master switch.
• Disconnect the battery.
• Separate the electrical ground of electronic equipment from the ground of the unit.
No other maintenance or repair work must be carried out in the vicinity of the product while welding is
going on. Risk of explosion or fire due to oil vapors and highly flammable fluids and lubricants.
Do not use product as ground terminal.
Never position the welding power supply cable adjacent to, or crossing wiring harnesses of the product.
The welding current may otherwise induce an interference voltage in the wiring harnesses which could
conceivably damage the electrical system.
Remove parts (e.g. exhaust pipes) which are to be welded from the product beforehand.
Hydraulic installation and removal
Check the function and safe operating condition of tools and fixtures to be used. Use only the specified
devices for hydraulic removal/installation procedures.
Observe the max. permissible push-on pressure specified for the equipment.
Do not attempt to bend or apply force to lines.
Before starting work, pay attention to the following:
• Vent the hydraulic installation/removal tool, the pumps and the lines at the relevant points for the
equipment to be used (e.g. open vent plugs, pump until bubble-free air emerges, close vent plugs).
• For hydraulic installation, screw on the tool with the piston retracted.
• For hydraulic removal, screw on the tool with the piston extended.
For a hydraulic installation/removal tool with central expansion pressure supply, screw spindle into
shaft end until correct sealing is established.
Working with batteries
Observe the safety instructions of the battery manufacturer when working with batteries.
Gases emanating from the battery are explosive. Avoid sparks and naked flames.
Do not allow electrolyte to come in contact with skin or clothing.
Wear protective clothing and protective gloves.
Never place tools on the battery.
Before connecting the cable to the battery, check the battery polarity.Battery pole reversal may lead to
injury through the sudden discharge of acid or bursting of the battery body.
12 | Safety | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000040535 - 001
During hydraulic installation and removal, ensure that nobody is standing in the immediate vicinity of
the component to be installed/removed.
Working on electrical and electronic assemblies
Always obtain the permission of the person in charge before commencing maintenance and repair work
or switching off any part of the electronic system required to do so.
De-energize the appropriate areas prior to working on assemblies.
Do not damage cabling during removal work. When reinstalling ensure that wiring is not damaged during operation by contact with sharp objects, by rubbing against other components or by a hot surface.
Do not secure cables on lines carrying fluids.
Do not use cable binders to secure cables.
Always use connector pliers to tighten union nuts on connectors.
Subject the device as well as the product to a function check on completion of all repair work. In particular, check the function of the engine emergency stop feature.
Store spare parts properly prior to replacement, i.e. protect them against moisture in particular. Pack
defective electronic components and assemblies in a suitable manner when dispatched for repair, i.e.
protected, in particular, against moisture and impact and wrapped in antistatic foil if necessary.
Working with laser equipment
When working with laser equipment, always wear special laser-protection goggles (hazard due to heavily focused radiation).
Laser equipment must be fitted with the protective devices necessary for safe operation according to
type and application.
TIM-ID: 0000040535 - 001
For conducting light-beam procedures and measurement work, only the following laser devices must be
used:
• Laser devices of classes 1, 2 or 3A.
• Laser devices of class 3B, which have maximum output in the visible wavelength range (400 to 700
nm), a maximum output of 5 mW, and in which the beam axis and surface are designed to prevent
any risk to the eyes.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Safety | 13
1.7 Fire prevention and environmental protection, consumable
fluids and materials
Fire prevention
Rectify any fuel or oil leaks immediately. Oil or fuel on hot components can cause fires – therefore always keep the product in a clean condition. Do not leave cloths saturated with fluids and lubricants on
the product. Do not store combustible materials near the product.
Do not carry out welding work on pipes and components carrying oil or fuel. Before welding, clean with
a nonflammable fluid.
When starting the engine with an external power source, connect the ground lead last and remove it
first. To avoid sparks in the vicinity of the battery, connect the ground lead from the external power
source to the ground lead of the engine or to the ground terminal of the starter.
Always keep suitable firefighting equipment (fire extinguishers) at hand and familiarize yourself with
their use.
Noise
Noise can lead to an increased risk of accidents if it makes it more difficult to hear audible signals,
warning calls or noises indicating danger.
Wear ear defenders in work areas with a sound pressure level in excess of 85dB (A).
Environmental protection and disposal
Modification or removal of any mechanical/electronic components or the installation of additional components including the execution of calibration processes that might affect the emission characteristics
of the product are prohibited by emission regulations. Emission control units/systems may only be
maintained, exchanged or repaired if the components used for this purpose are approved by the manufacturer. Noncompliance with these guidelines will invalidate the design type approval issued by the
emissions regulation authorities. The manufacturer does not accept any liability for violations of the
emission regulations. The maintenance schedules of the manufacturer must be observed over the entire
life cycle of the product.
Dispose of used consumables and filters in accordance with local regulations.
Within the EU, batteries can be returned free of charge to the manufacturer where they will be properly
recycled.
Consumable fluids and materials
Consumable fluids and materials may also be hazardous or toxic. When using fluids, lubricants, consumables and other chemical substances, follow the safety instructions that apply to the product. Take special care when using hot, chilled or caustic substances. When using flammable materials, prevent them
coming into contact with ignition sources and do not smoke.
Used oil
Used oil contains combustion residues that are harmful to health.
Rub barrier cream into hands.
Wash hands after contact with used oil.
14 | Safety | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000040536 - 003
The Fluids and Lubricants Specifications will be amended or supplemented as necessary. Prior to operation, make sure that the latest version is used. The latest version can be found on the website on the
"Technical Info" tab at http://www.mtu-online.com.
Lead
• Adopt suitable measures to avoid the formation of lead dust.
• Switch on extraction system.
• When working with lead or pastes that contain lead, avoid direct contact with the skin. Do not inhale
lead vapors.
• Wash hands after contact with lead or lead-containing substances.
Compressed air
Observe special safety precautions when working with compressed air:
• Unauthorized use of compressed air, e.g. forcing flammable liquids (hazard class AI, AII and B) out of
containers, risks causing an explosion.
• Wear goggles when blowing dirt off components or blowing away swarf.
• Blowing compressed air into thin-walled containers (e.g. containers made of sheet metal, plastic or
glass) for drying purposes or to check for leaks risks bursting them.
• Pay special attention to the pressure in the compressed air system or pressure vessel.
• Assemblies or products to be connected must either be designed for that pressure, or, if the permissible pressure is lower than the system pressure, a pressure reducing valve and safety valve (set to
the permissible pressure) must be connected between the assemblies/products and the system.
• Hose couplings and connections must be securely attached.
• Provide the snout of the air nozzle with a protective disk (e.g. rubber disk).
• First shut off compressed air lines before compressed air device is disconnected from the supply
line, or before device or tool is to be replaced.
• Carry out leak test in accordance with the specifications.
Paints and varnishes
• Observe the relevant safety data sheet for all materials.
• When painting in areas other than spray booths equipped with extractors, ensure good ventilation.
Make sure that neighboring work areas are not adversely affected.
• There must be no naked flames in the vicinity.
• No smoking.
• Observe fire prevention regulations.
• Always wear a mask providing protection against paint and solvent vapors.
Liquid nitrogen
• Observe the relevant safety data sheet for all materials.
• Store liquid nitrogen only in small quantities and always in regulation containers (without gas-tight
caps).
• Avoid body contact (eyes, hands).
• Wear protective clothing, protective gloves, closed shoes and safety goggles.
• Make sure that working area is well ventilated.
• Avoid knocking or jolting the containers, fixtures or workpieces in any way.
TIM-ID: 0000040536 - 003
Acids/alkalis/urea solution (AdBlue, DEF)
• Observe the relevant safety data sheet for all materials.
• When working with acids and alkaline solutions, wear goggles or face mask, gloves and protective
clothing.
• Do not inhale vapors.
• If urea solution is swallowed, rinse out mouth and drink plenty of water.
• If spilled onto clothing, remove the affected clothing immediately.
• After contact with skin, rinse affected parts of the body with plenty of water.
• Rinse eyes immediately with eyedrops or clean tap water. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Safety | 15
1.8 Standards for safety notices in the text
DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
NOTICE
In the event of immediate danger.
Consequences: Death, serious or permanent injury.
• Remedial action
In the event of a situation involving potential danger.
Consequences: Death, serious or permanent injury.
• Remedial action
In the event of a situation involving potential danger.
Consequences: Minor or moderate injuries.
• Remedial action
In the event of a situation involving potentially adverse effects on the product.
Consequences: Material damage.
• Remedial action
• Additional product information
Safety notices
This manual with all safety instructions and safety notices must be issued to all personnel involved in
operation, maintenance, repair or transportation.
TIM-ID: 0000040578 - 002
u
16 | Safety | M015675/06E 2013-04
2 General Information
2.1 Engine side and cylinder designations
Engine sides are always designated as viewed from the driving end (KS) (4).
For designation of the cylinders (to DIN ISO 1204) the letter "A" (1) is used to refer to the cylinders on
the left-hand side of the engine and the letter "B" (3) to refer to the cylinders on the right-hand side. The
cylinders of each bank are numbered consecutively, starting with No. 1 at the driving end.
The numbering of other engine components also starts with no. 1 at the driving end.
3 Right-hand side of engine
4 Main PTO end
TIM-ID: 0000002185 - 012
1 Left-hand side of engine
2 Auxiliary PTO end
M015675/06E 2013-04 | General Information | 17
2.2 Engine layout
Centrifugal oil filter
Engine lifting eye
Fan drive
Drive belt
Charge-air coolant inlet
6
7
8
9
10
Engine coolant outlet
Starter (A side)
Engine Control Unit ECU 4
Fuel priming pump
Fuel filter (easy-change filter)
11 Crankcase
12 HP fuel pump
13 Engine oil filter (automatic
filter)
TIM-ID: 0000002072 - 002
1
2
3
4
5
18 | General Information | M015675/06E 2013-04
5
6
7
8
Flywheel
Charge-air coolant outlet
Engine coolant inlet
Oil pan
9 Oil dipstick
10 Oil filler neck
11 Starter (B side)
TIM-ID: 0000002072 - 002
1 Engine lifting eye
2 Cylinder head cover / cylinder head
3 Oil heat exchanger
4 Intercooler
M015675/06E 2013-04 | General Information | 19
1 Air supply downstream of
intercooler (A side)
2 Exhaust system connection (A side)
3 Exhaust turbocharger (A
side)
4 Combustion air inlet (A
side)
5 Crankcase breather
6 Combustion air inlet (B
side)
7 Exhaust turbocharger (B
side)
8 Exhaust system connection (B side)
9 Air supply before intercooler (B side)
Engine model designation
Key to the engine model designation 20V 4000 C22
Number of cylinders
V
Cylinder arrangement: V engine
4000
Series
C
Application: Construction and Industrial, mobile
2
Application segment
2
Design index
TIM-ID: 0000002072 - 002
20
20 | General Information | M015675/06E 2013-04
2.3 Sensors and actuators – Overview
1 B07 (T-Lube oil)
2 Injectors Y39.1 to Y39.10
(A side cylinders)
3 B34 (P-Fuel after filter)
4 B48 (P-Fuel)
5 B33 (T-Fuel)
TIM-ID: 0000012921 - 003
The injectors are underneath the cylinder head covers of the cylinder. Injector replacement and necessary activities (→ Page 77).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | General Information | 21
3 B10 (P-Charge Air)
4 B09 (T-Charge Air)
1 B44 (N-Turbocharger)
2 B03 (T-Intake Air)
TIM-ID: 0000012921 - 003
1 Injectors Y39.11 to
Y39.20 (B side cylinders)
2 B16 (P-Coolant)
22 | General Information | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000012921 - 003
1 B13 (N-Crankshaft)
1 B50 (P-Crankcase)
2 F25 (P-Lube Oil Diff.after
Filter)
3 B05 (P-Lube Oil)
4 B01 (N-Camshaft)
5 B43 (P-Coolant Intercooler)
6 B26 (T-Coolant Intercooler)
7 B06 (T-Coolant)
M015675/06E 2013-04 | General Information | 23
3 Technical Data
3.1 20V 4000 C22 engine data
Explanation:
DL
BL
A
G
R
L
N
X
Ref. value: Continuous power (CP)
Ref. value: Fuel stop power (FSP)
Design value
Guaranteed value
Guideline value
Limit value, up to which the engine can be operated, without change (e.g. of power setting)
Not yet defined value
Not applicable
Applicable
Reference Conditions
Engine model
20V 4000
Application group
5B
Intake air temperature
°C
25
Charge-air coolant temperature
°C
45
Barometric pressure
mbar
Site altitude above sea level
m
1000
100
POWER-RELATED DATA (power ratings are net brake power to ISO 3046)
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Engine rated speed
A
rpm
1800
Net brake power (without fan)
(fuel stop power ISO 3046)
A
kW
2720
GENERAL CONDITIONS (for maximum power)
20V 4000
Intake air depression (new filter)
A
mbar
25
Intake air depression
L
mbar
50
Exhaust backpressure
A
mbar
30
Exhaust backpressure, max.
L
mbar
50
Fuel temperature at engine supply connection
R
°C
25
CONSUMPTION
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Specific fuel consumption (be) 100% BL (+5%; EN 590; 42.8MJ/kg)
G
g/kWh
200
Lube oil consumption after 100 h operation, average (B = fuel consumption per hour)
R
% of B
0.3
24 | Technical Data | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000002640 - 001
Number of cylinders
MODEL-RELATED DATA (basic design)
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Number of cylinders
20
Cylinder configuration: V angle
degrees
90
Bore
mm
165
Stroke
mm
210
Cylinder displacement
liter
4.49
Total displacement
liter
89.81
Number of inlet valves, per cylinder
2
Number of exhaust valves, per cylinder
2
COMBUSTION AIR / EXHAUST GAS
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Charge-air pressure before cylinder
R
bar abs
3.4
Exhaust temperature after turbocharger
R
°C
420
COOLING SYSTEM (HT circuit)
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Coolant temperature (at engine outlet to cooling equipment)
A
°C
95
Coolant temperature after engine, alarm
R
°C
97
Coolant temperature after engine, shutdown
L
°C
99
Coolant antifreeze content, max. permissible
L
%
50
Coolant pump: inlet pressure, min.
L
bar
0.2
Coolant pump: inlet pressure, max.
L
bar
1.5
Thermostat: starts to open
R
°C
79
Thermostat: fully open
R
°C
92
COOLING SYSTEM (LT circuit)
TIM-ID: 0000002640 - 001
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Coolant temperature (at engine outlet to cooling equipment)
R
°C
68
Coolant temperature before intercooler (with max. 40% antifreeze)
A
°C
45
Coolant temperature differential after/before intercooler, max.
L
°C
18
Coolant antifreeze content, max. permissible
L
%
50
Charge-air temperature after intercooler, max. admissible
L
°C
72
Thermostat: starts to open
R
°C
38
Thermostat: fully open
R
°C
51
LUBE OIL SYSTEM
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Lube oil operating temperature before engine, from
R
°C
86
Lube oil operating temp. before engine, to
R
°C
95
Lube oil operating pressure before engine (measuring block)
R
bar
5.3
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Technical Data | 25
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Lube oil pressure before engine, alarm
R
bar
4.5
Lube oil pressure before engine, shutdown
L
bar
3.9
FUEL SYSTEM
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Fuel pressure at supply connection to engine (when engine is starting), min. admissible
L
bar
- 0.1
Fuel pressure at supply connection to engine (when engine is starting), max. admissible
L
bar
1.5
Fuel pressure before injection pump, from
(H.P. pump)
R
bar
5.0
Fuel pressure before injection pump, to
(H.P. pump)
R
bar
8.1
Fuel pressure before injection pump, min
(H.P. pump)
R
bar
5.0
GENERAL OPERATING DATA
Number of cylinders
Coolant temperature before
full-load operation, recommended min.
(for standby plants with coolant preheating at least preheating temperature)
20V 4000
R
°C
60
INCLINATIONS STANDARD OIL SYSTEM (Ref.: waterline)
Number of cylinders
20V 4000
Longitudinal inclination, continuous max., driving end down
(Option: max. operating inclinations)
L
degrees
10
Longitudinal inclination, continuous max., driving end up
(Option: max. operating inclinations)
L
degrees
10
Longitudinal inclination, temporary max., driving end up
(Option: max. operating inclinations)
L
degrees
22.5
CAPACITIES
20V 4000
Engine coolant capacity (without cooling equipment)
R
liter
205
Engine oil capacity, initial filling (standard oil system) (Option: max.
operating inclinations)
R
liter
390
Oil pan capacity, dipstick mark min. (standard oil system) (Option:
max. operating inclinations)
L
liter
340
Oil pan capacity, dipstick mark max. (standard oil system) (Option:
max. operating inclinations)
L
liter
245
WEIGHTS / MAIN DIMENSIONS
Number of cylinders
Engine weight, dry (basic engine configuration)
26 | Technical Data | M015675/06E 2013-04
20V 4000
R
kg
9865
TIM-ID: 0000002640 - 001
Number of cylinders
ACOUSTICS
Number of cylinders
16
R
db(A)
118
Engine surface noise with attenuated, BL, intake noise (filter) (free-field sound- R
pressure level Lp, 1m distance, ISO 6798)
db(A)
108
TIM-ID: 0000002640 - 001
Exhaust noise, unsilenced, BL, (free-field sound-pressure level Lp, 1m distance, ISO 6798)
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Technical Data | 27
3.2 Firing order
Firing order
Firing order
8V
A1-B4-A4-A2-B3-A3-B2-B1
12V
A1-B2-A5-B4-A3-B1-A6-B5-A2-B3-A4-B6
16 V
A1-A7-B4-B6-A4-B8-A2-A8-B3-B5-A3-A5-B2-A6-B1-B7
20 V
A1-B5-A8-B7-A5-B2-A7-B10-A2-B3-A10-B6-A3-B4-A6-B9-A4-B1-A9-B8
TIM-ID: 0000002794 - 004
Number of cylinders
28 | Technical Data | M015675/06E 2013-04
3.3 Main engine dimensions
Main engine dimensions
approx. 3630 mm
Width (B)
approx. 1450 mm
Height (C)
approx. 2252 mm
TIM-ID: 0000002137 - 001
Length (A)
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Technical Data | 29
4 Operation
4.1 Putting the engine into operation after extended out-of-service
periods (>3 months)
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications (A001061/..) are available.
Putting into operation after long out-of-service periods (>3 months)
Action
Engine
Depreserve (→ MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications A001061/..).
Valve gear
Lubricate valve gear (→ Page 68).
Lube oil system
Check engine oil level (→ Page 94).
Fuel system
Vent (→ Page 83).
Coolant circuit
If engine is out of service for more than one year, change engine coolant
(→ Page 104).
Change charge-air coolant (→ Page 112).
Coolant circuit
Check engine coolant level (→ Page 103).
Check charge-air coolant level (→ Page 111).
Coolant circuit
Preheat coolant with coolant preheating unit (if provided).
Engine governor
Check plug-in connections (→ Page 130).
Engine control system ECS
Switch ON.
TIM-ID: 0000002204 - 002
Item
30 | Operation | M015675/06E 2013-04
4.2 Putting the engine into operation after scheduled out-ofservice-period
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Startup
Action
Lube oil system
Check engine oil level (→ Page 94).
Coolant circuit
Check engine coolant level (→ Page 103);
Check charge-air coolant level (→ Page 111).
Coolant circuit
Preheat coolant with coolant preheating unit (if applicable).
Engine control system
Put into operation.
TIM-ID: 0000002683 - 005
Item
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Operation | 31
4.3 Engine – Starting in manual mode
Preconditions
☑Engine is not under load.
☑External start interlock is not activated.
DANGER
WARNING
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Before cranking the engine with starter system, make sure that there are no persons in the engine's danger zone.
A high level of noise is produced when the engine is running.
Risk of damage to hearing.
• Wear ear defenders.
Preparation
Item
Measure
Operating mode switch (if
applicable).
Switch to manual mode.
Coolant preheating unit (if
applicable).
Switch ON
Start engine
Item
Switchgear cabinet, operator station etc. (depending
on manufacturer).
Measure
1. If no coolant preheater is fitted, make sure that the coolant tempera-
ture is > 40 °C.
2. Press start button.
TIM-ID: 0000002233 - 006
• Automatic starting procedure is performed.
• Engine speed instrument indicates increasing speed.
• After the starting sequence is completed, engine is running at idle
speed.
32 | Operation | M015675/06E 2013-04
4.4 Operational checks
DANGER
WARNING
Unguarded rotating and moving engine components.
Risk of serious injury – danger to life!
• Take special care when working on a running engine.
Engine noise above 85 dB (A).
Risk of damage to hearing!
• Wear ear protectors.
Operational checks
Item
Task
Task Code
Control and display panels
Check indicated operating parameters
(speed, temperatures, pressures).
Engine oil
Check engine oil level (→ Page 94).
Engine operation
Check engine visually for leaks and general W0501
condition;
W0506
Check engine for abnormal running noises,
exhaust color and vibrations (→ Page 38).
Battery-charging
generator
Check battery-charging generator for con- W0525
tamination, clean as required (→ Page 120)
HP pump
Check relief bore (→ Page 76).
Fuel prefilter
Drain water and contaminants at drain
W0507
cock on fuel prefilter (if fitted) (→ Page 86). W0508
Check reading on vacuum gauge of fuel
prefilter (if fitted).
Intercooler
Check condensate drain(s) for water discharge and obstruction (→ Page 88).
W0502
HT cooling pump
Check relief bore (→ Page 108).
W0505
LT cooling pump
Check relief bore (→ Page 116).
W0505
W0500
TIM-ID: 0000002262 - 001
W0504
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Operation | 33
4.5 Engine – Stopping in manual mode
Preconditions
☑Engine is not under load.
☑Engine is running in manual mode.
NOTICE
Stopping the engine when it is running at full load subjects it to extreme thermal and mechanical
stresses.
Overheating of and, therefore, damage to components is possible.
• Before shutting down the engine, allow it to idle until the engine temperatures decrease and
constant levels are indicated.
Preparation
Item
Measure
Engine
Operate engine at idling speed for approx. 5 minutes.
Stop engine
Measure
Switch cabinet, operator
station etc. (depending on
manufacturer)
Press stop button.
• Automatic stopping sequence is executed.
TIM-ID: 0000002291 - 005
Item
34 | Operation | M015675/06E 2013-04
4.6 After shutting down the engine
Preconditions
☑MTU Corrosion-proofing and Reproofing Regulations (A001070/..) are available.
After shutting down the engine
Item
Action
Coolant system
Drain coolant (→ Page 105), (→ Page 113), if:
• freezing temperatures are expected and the engine is to remain out of
service for an extended period, but engine coolant has no antifreeze
additive;
• coolant is not preheated;
• antifreeze concentration is 50 % and outside temperature is below
-40 °C.
Switch off.
Air intake and exhaust system
Out-of-service period > 1 week:
Seal off engine's intake and exhaust systems.
Out-of-service period > 1 month:
Corrosion-proof engine (→ MTU Corrosion-proofing and Reproofing Regulations A001070/..).
TIM-ID: 0000002321 - 003
Engine control system
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Operation | 35
4.7 Cleaning the plant
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and secured against being restarted.
☑Power supply not connected.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Steam jet cleaner
-
1
30390
1
Cleaning agent (Hakupur 312)
WARNING
WARNING
NOTICE
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Steam jet cleaner ejects jet of pressurized water.
Risk of injury to eyes and scalding.
• Never direct water jet at people.
• Wear protective clothing, protective gloves and safety goggles/face mask.
Cleaning agents should not be left to take effect for too long.
Damage to components is possible.
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
NOTICE
Blowing down product with compressed air
Entry of dirt and damage to components is possible.
• Do not aim compressed air gun directly at seals or electronic components such as connectors
or ECUs.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note:
Carry out system cleaning only in areas where an appropriate oil separator is provided (environmental
protection).
Before starting to use the pressure/steam jet washer, read the Operating Instructions for the appliance
observe the safety precautions.
If cleaning the outside of the system with a pressure/steam jet washer:
• The pressure of the high-pressure jet (cleaning jet) must not exceed 50 bar.
• A minimum distance between spray nozzle and system of 1 m must be observed.
• The temperature of the cleaning agent must not exceed 80 °C.
For external cleaning with high-pressure jet, use a flat-mouth nozzle only.
Carry out external cleaning as follows:
a) Seal all openings in a suitable fashion.
b) Remove coarse dirt.
c) Spray on cleaner sparingly and leave it for 1 to 5 minutes.
d) Use the high-pressure jet to remove the loosened dirt.
Never aim compressed air directly at electronic components.
e) Dry engine.
36 | Operation | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000010171 - 026
Cleaning the system
5 Maintenance
5.1 Maintenance Schedule task reference table [QL1]
The maintenance tasks and intervals for this product are defined in the Maintenance Schedule. The
Maintenance Schedule is a stand-alone publication.
TIM-ID: 0000033894 - 002
The task numbers in this table provide reference to the maintenance tasks specified in the Maintenance
Schedule.
Task
Measures
W0500
Check engine oil level.
(→ Page 94)
W0501
Visually inspect engine for leaks and general condition.
(→ Page 33)
W0502
Check intercooler drain.
(→ Page 88)
W0503
Check signal ring position of service indicator on air filter.
(→ Page 92)
W0504
Check relief bores of HP fuel pump.
(→ Page 76)
W0505
Check relief bores of water pump(s).
(→ Page 108) (→ Page 116)
W0506
Check engine for abnormal running noises, exhaust color and
vibrations.
(→ Page 33)
W0507
Drain water and contaminants from fuel prefilter.
(→ Page 85)
W0508
Check reading on differential pressure gage of fuel prefilter.
(→ Page 33)
W0525
Check generator for contamination, clean as necessary.
(→ Page 120)
W1001
Replace fuel filter or fuel filter element.
(→ Page 84)
W1003
Check belt condition and tension, replace if necessary.
(→ Page 118) (→ Page 123)
W1006
Replace fuel injectors.
(→ Page 77)
W1009
Check layer thickness of oil residue, clean and replace filter
sleeve, at every oil change, at the latest.
(→ Page 101)
W1011
Perform endoscopic examination.
(→ Page 55)
W1036
Replace coolant filter.
(→ Page 110)
W1046
Crankcase breather: Replace filter or filter element.
(→ Page 59)
W1047
Check and clean oil indicator filter.
(→ Page 99)
W1164
Replace filter element and sealing ring depending on degree of
contamination, when the limit (years) is reached, at the latest.
(→ See manufacturer's documentation)
W1207
Check valve clearance, adjust as necessary. ATTENTION! First
adjustment after 1000 operating hours.
(→ Page 69)
W1463
Check general condition of engine mounting (visual inspection). (→ Page 117)
W1481
Replace supplementary fuel filter or filter element of supplementary fuel filter.
(→ Page 87)
W1697
Check carbon brushes on flywheel, replace if necessary.
(→ Page 65)
W1698
Replace carbon brushes on flywheel.
(→ Page 67)
W1716
Clean generator.
(→ Page 121)
Table 1: Maintenance Schedule task reference table [QL1]
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Maintenance | 37
6 Troubleshooting
6.1 Troubleshooting
Engine does not turn over when starter is operated
Component
Cause
Action
Battery
Discharged or defective
Charge or replace (see manufacturer's
documentation).
Cable connections defective
Check if cable connections are properly
secured (see manufacturer's documentation).
Starter
Engine wiring or starter faulty
Check if cable connections are properly
secured, contact Service.
Engine wiring
Faulty
Check (→ Page 128).
Engine/alternator
control system
Assemblies or connectors possibly loose Perform visual inspection (see manufacturer's documentation).
Engine Control Unit
Electrical connections may be loose
Check electrical connections
(→ Page 130).
Engine
Jammed (cannot be cranked by hand)
Notify Service.
Engine turns over when started but does not fire
Component
Cause
Action
Starter
Lacks power: battery discharged or defective
Charge or replace battery (see manufacturer's documentation).
Engine wiring
Faulty
Check (→ Page 128).
Fuel system
Air in fuel system
Bleed fuel system (→ Page 83).
Engine Control Unit
Faulty
Notify Service.
Component
Cause
Action
Fuel injection system
Injector defective
Replace (→ Page 77).
Engine wiring
Faulty
Check (→ Page 128).
Fuel system
Air in fuel system
Bleed fuel system (→ Page 83).
Engine Control Unit
Faulty
Notify Service.
Engine fails to reach rated speed
Component
Cause
Action
Fuel supply
Fuel prefilter clogged
Replace
Fuel filter clogged
Replace (→ Page 84).
Air supply
Air filter clogged
Clean.
Fuel injection system
Injector defective
Replace (→ Page 77).
Engine wiring
Faulty
Check (→ Page 128).
Engine
Overloaded
Notify Service.
38 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000002541 - 002
Engine fires unevenly
Engine speed not steady
Component
Cause
Action
Fuel injection system
Injector defective
Replace (→ Page 77).
Speed sensor
Defective
Notify Service.
Fuel system
Air in fuel system
Bleed fuel system (→ Page 83).
Engine Control Unit
Defective
Notify Service.
Charge air temperature too high
Component
Cause
Action
Engine coolant
Incorrect coolant concentration
Check (MTU test kit).
Intercooler
Dirty
Notify Service.
Engine room
Air-intake temperature too high
Check fans and air intake/exhaust
pipes.
Charge-air pressure too low
Component
Cause
Action
Air supply
Air filter clogged
Clean.
Intercooler
Dirty
Notify Service.
Turbocharger
Defective
Notify Service.
Coolant leakage from intercooler
Component
Cause
Action
Intercooler
Leaking, significant coolant loss
Notify Service.
Black smoke from exhaust
Component
Cause
Action
Air supply
Air filter clogged
Clean.
Fuel injection system
Injector defective
Replace (→ Page 77).
Engine
Overloaded
Notify Service.
TIM-ID: 0000002541 - 002
Blue smoke from exhaust
Component
Cause
Action
Engine oil
Too much oil in engine
Drain engine oil (→ Page 95).
Oil separator on crankcase venting system dirty
Replace (→ Page 59).
Turbocharger, cylinder Defective
head, piston rings, cylinder liner
Notify Service.
White smoke from exhaust
Component
Cause
Action
Engine
Not at operating temperature
Run engine to reach operating temperature.
Fuel system
Water in fuel
Check fuel system at fuel prefilter
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 39
Cause
Action
Drain water from fuel prefilter.
Intercooler
Leaking
Notify Service.
TIM-ID: 0000002541 - 002
Component
40 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
6.2 ECU 4 alarms
Faults in the overall system are indicated as a four-digit code on the PIM display. The fault code numbers are generated by the ECU.
The four-digit code consists of one letter and three figures:
• The letter encodes when the fault occurred the last time:
A = currently present
B = within the last operating hour
C = one to four operating hours ago
D = four to twelve operating hours ago
Alarms that occurred more than twelve hours ago are deleted automatically.
• The three figures encode the fault itself as listed in the table below.
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
Alarms can also be caused by defective sensors / actuators. If troubleshooting in accordance with the
following table is not successful, contact Service to have the sensors / actuators checked and, if required, replaced.
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
003
L1 T-FUEL
Fuel temperature too high
(1st limit)
Reduce power.
004
L2 T-FUEL
Fuel temperature too high
(2nd limit)
Reduce power.
005
L1 T-CHARGE AIR
Charge-air temperature too
high (1st limit)
Reduce power.
006
L2 T-CHARGE AIR
Charge-air temperature too
high (2nd limit)
Reduce power.
009
L1 T-INTERCOOLER
Charge-air coolant tempera- Reduce power.
ture too high (1st limit)
010
L2 T-INTERCOOLER
Charge-air coolant tempera- Reduce power.
ture too high (2nd limit)
015
L1 P-LUBE OIL
Lube-oil pressure too low
(1st limit)
Check engine-oil level and top up, if
required; (→ Page 94);
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 41
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
016
L2 P-LUBE OIL
Lube-oil pressure too low
(2nd limit)
Automatic engine shutdown.
Task
1. Check engine-oil level and top
up, if required; (→ Page 94);
2. Try to re-start the engine
(→ Page 32).
3. Contact Service.
023
L1 COOLANT LEVEL
Coolant level too low. Alarm Check coolant level in expansion
appears together with No.
tank.
24.
024
L2 COOLANT LEVEL
Coolant level too low. Alarm Check coolant level in expansion
appears together with No.
tank.
23.
025
L1 P-OILFILTER DIFF.
Oil filter pressure differential Check oil filter.
too high
030
ENGINE OVERSPEED
Engine overspeed. Automatic engine shutdown.
1. Acknowledge alarm.
2. Try to re-start the engine
(→ Page 32).
3. Contact Service.
031
ETC CHARGER 1
OVERSPEED 1
ETC 1 – overspeed (1st limit)
Contact Service:
032
ETC CHARGER 1
OVERSPEED 2
ETC 1– overspeed (2nd limit)
Contact Service.
036
ETC 2 CHARGER 2
OVERSPEED 1
ETC 2 – overspeed (1st limit)
Contact Service.
037
ETC 2 CHARGER 2
OVERSPEED 2
ETC 2 – overspeed (2nd lim- Contact Service.
it)
051
L1 T-LUBE OIL
Lube oil temperature too
high (1st limit)
052
L2 T-LUBE OIL
Lube oil temperature too
high (2nd limit)
Reduce power.
1. Reduce power.
2. If fault occurs repeatedly: Con-
053
L1 T–INTAKE AIR
Intake air temperature too
high (1st limit).
Reduce power.
054
L2 T–INTAKE AIR
Intake air temperature too
high (2nd limit).
Reduce power.
057
L1 P–COOLANT
Coolant pressure too low
(1st limit)
Check coolant circuit.
058
L2 P–COOLANT
Coolant pressure too low
(2nd limit)
Check coolant circuit.
059
L1 P-INTERCOOLER
Charge-air coolant pressure
too low (1st limit)
Check coolant circuit.
060
L2 P-INTERCOOLER
Charge-air coolant pressure
too low (2nd limit)
Check coolant circuit.
063
L1 P-Crankcase
Crankcase pressure too
high (1st limit)
Check oil separator. (→ Page 59)
064
L2 P-Crankcase
Crankcase pressure too
high (2nd limit)
Replace oil separator.
42 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
tact Service.
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
065
L1 P-FUEL
Fuel supply pressure too low
(1st limit)
1. Check fuel lines for leaks; re-
pair defective lines.
2. Clean fuel prefilter
3. Flush fuel prefilter
4. Replace filter element of fuel
prefilter.
5. Fuel filter replacement
(→ Page 84).
6. If fault is not rectified: Contact
Service.
066
L2 P-FUEL
Fuel supply pressure too low
(2nd limit)
1. Check fuel lines for leaks; re-
pair defective lines.
2. Clean fuel prefilter
3. Flush fuel prefilter
4. Replace filter element of fuel
prefilter.
5. Fuel filter replacement
(→ Page 84).
6. If fault is not rectified: Contact
Service.
067
L1 T-COOLANT
Coolant temperature too
high (1st limit). Warning
068
L2 T-COOLANT
Coolant temperature too
high (2nd limit).
Automatic engine shutdown.
Reduce power.
1. Allow the engine to cool down.
2. Check coolant cooler (elements
etc.) and clean contaminated
parts (see manufacturer's documentation).
3. Re-start the engine
(→ Page 32).
4. If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact Service.
RAIL LEAKAGE
082
RAIL PRESSURE HIGH Pressure in HP fuel system
exceeds specified value;
Solenoid valve of HP fuel
control block jamming or
wiring to solenoid valve defective
083
RAIL PRESSURE LOW
Pressure in HP fuel system Contact Service.
lower than the specified value;
HP fuel control block defective or system leaking.
NOTE:
With very large generators
having a run-out time of
more than > 20 sec this
alarm is not a relevant fault.
087
L1 LEV. WATER IN
FUEL
Water level in fuel prefilter
too high
089
ENGINE SPEED LOW
Engine speed lower than
Re-start the engine (→ Page 32).
200 rpm;
Automatic engine shutdown.
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
081
HP fuel system leaking, sys- Contact Service.
tem contains air
Contact Service.
Check fuel prefilter
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 43
Alarm text
Meaning
090
IDLE SPEED LOW
Idle speed not reached with- Note further alarms.
in a specified period;
Termination of starting procedure.
091
RUN UP SPEED LOW
Run-up speed not reached
within a specified period;
Termination of starting procedure.
Note further alarms.
092
START SPEED LOW
Starter speed not reached
within a specified period;
Termination of starting procedure.
Note further alarms.
093
PREHEAT TEMP. LIMIT2
Coolant preheating temper- Check preheating pump / preheating
ature too low during starting system (see manufacturer's docu(2nd limit);
mentation).
Termination of starting procedure (depending on
project design).
094
PREHEAT TEMP. LIMIT1
Coolant preheating temper- Check preheating pump / preheating
ature too low during starting system (see manufacturer's docu(1st limit)
mentation).
100
EDM NOT VALID
Check sum error of measur- If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
ing-point data in EDM
Service.
101
IDM NOT VALID
Check sum error of measur- If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
ing-point data in IDM
Service.
102
INVALID FUEL CONS
1
Check sum error of accumu- Contact Service.
lated fuel consumption data
in EDM (redundant data record 1)
103
INVALID FUEL CONS
2
Check sum error of accumu- Contact Service.
lated fuel consumption data
in EDM (redundant data record 2)
104
OP HOURS1 NOT
VALID
Check sum error of hour
meter data in EDM
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
105
OP HOURS2 NOT
VALID
Check sum error of hour
meter data in IDM
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
106
ERR REC1 NOT VALID Check sum error of fault
memory in EDM (redundant
data record 1)
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
107
ERR REC2 NOT VALID Check sum error of fault
memory in EDM (redundant
data record 2)
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
118
L1 SUPPLY VOLT.
LOW
Supply voltage too low (1st
limit)
Check ECU supply voltage.
119
L2 SUPPLY VOLT.
LOW
Supply voltage too low (2nd
limit)
Check ECU supply voltage.
120
L1 SUPPLY VOLT.
HIGH
Supply voltage too high (1st Check ECU supply voltage.
limit)
121
L2 SUPPLY VOLT.
HIGH
Supply voltage too high (2nd Check ECU supply voltage.
limit);
If engine was stopped: Start engine
(→ Page 32).
44 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
Task
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
Fault code
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
Automatic engine shutdown
(depending on project design).
122
L1 T-ELECTRONIC
Temperature in ECU housing
too high (1st limit)
1. Improve engine room ventila-
tion.
2. Reduce engine power.
134
15V POS ECU DEFECT Electronic equipment defec- Contact Service.
tive;
Automatic engine shutdown.
136
15V NEG ECU DEFECT Electronic equipment defec- Contact Service.
tive;
Automatic engine shutdown.
137
L1 5V BUFFER TEST
Power supply for pressure
sensors defective
1. Disconnect connectors X2 and
SENSORPOWERDEFECT
Power supply for pressure
sensors defective
1. Disconnect connectors X2 and
139
L1 TE BUFFER TEST
Internal electronic fault
(temperature sensors)
Contact Service.
140
TE BUF. ECU DEFECT
Internal electronic fault
(temperature sensors)
Contact Service.
142
BANK1 ECU DEFECT
Internal electronic fault;
Engine does not start
Contact Service.
144
BANK2 ECU DEFECT
Internal electronic fault;
Engine does not start.
Contact Service.
145
15V_GOOD ECU DEFECT
Electronic equipment defec- Contact Service.
tive;
Automatic engine shutdown.
146
L1 AD-TEST1 SUPPLY
A/D-converter supply voltage too low.
147
AD-TEST1 ECU DEFECT
Electronic equipment defec- Contact Service.
tive;
Automatic engine shutdown.
148
L1 AD-TEST2 SUPPLY
A/D-converter supply voltage too low.
149
AD-TEST2 ECU DEFECT
Electronic equipment defec- Contact Service.
tive;
Automatic engine shutdown.
150
L1 AD-TEST3 SUPPLY
A/D-converter supply voltage too low.
151
AD-TEST3 ECU DEFECT
Electronic equipment defec- Contact Service.
tive;
Automatic engine shutdown.
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
138
X3 from ECU. If alarm does not
disappear: Contact Service.
2. Check wiring (pressure sensors).
3. Contact Service.
X3 from ECU. If alarm does not
disappear: Contact Service.
2. Check wiring (pressure sensors).
3. Contact Service.
Contact Service.
Contact Service.
Contact Service.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 45
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
170
MI MODULE FAIL
Module in maintenance pre- Contact Service.
dictor either defective or
missing.
171
MI NOT ACTIVE
Maintenance predictor no
more activated
173
MODULE WRITE LIMIT EEPROM write limit reached. Contact Service.
180
CAN1 NODE LOST
At least one device not detected on Default CAN bus.
1. Check wiring (CAN bus).
2. Contact Service.
181
CAN2 NODE LOST
At least one device not detected on Redundant CAN
bus.
1. Check wiring (CAN bus).
2. Contact Service.
183
CAN NO PU-DATA
Error during loading of CAN
project design data into
ECU.
184
CAN PU-DATA EE-FAIL Error during project design Contact Service.
data download in EEPROMs.
185
CAN LESS MAILBOXES
Error during CAN initialization.
186
CAN1 BUS OFF
Severe fault on Default CAN Contact Service.
bus;
automatic change-over to
Redundant CAN bus
187
CAN1 ERROR PASSIVE
Light fault on Default CAN
bus (e.g. short-time overload)
(none)
188
CAN2 BUS OFF
Severe fault on Redundant
CAN bus;
Automatic change-over to
Default CAN bus.
Contact Service.
189
CAN2 ERROR PASSIVE
Light fault on Redundant
CAN bus (e.g. short-time
overload)
(none)
201
SD T-COOLANT
Sensor defect (coolant temperature)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
202
SD T-FUEL
Sensor defect (fuel temperature)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
203
SD T-CHARGE AIR
Sensor defect (charge-air
temperature)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
205
SD T-COOLANT INTERC.
Sensor defect (charge-air
coolant temperature)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
208
SD P-CHARGE AIR
Sensor defect (charge-air
pressure)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
211
SD P-LUBE OIL
Sensor defect (lube oil pressure)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
212
SD P–COOLANT
Sensor defect (coolant pressure)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
213
SD P–COOLANT INTERC.
Sensor defect (intercooler
coolant pressure)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
214
SD P–CRANKCASE
Sensor defect
(crankcase pressure)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
46 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
Task
Contact Service.
Contact Service.
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
Contact Service.
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
215
SD P-RAIL FUEL
Sensor defect (common rail
pressure);
HP controller in emergency
mode.
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
216
SD T-LUBE OIL
Sensor defect (lube oil temperature)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
219
SD T-INTAKE AIR
Sensor defect (intake-air
temperature)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
220
SD COOLANT LEVEL
Sensor defect (coolant level)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
221
SD P–OILFILTER DIFF
Sensor defect (lube oil pressure differential)
1. Check wiring
2. Contact Service.
226
SD WATER IN FUEL
Sensor defect (water in fuel
prefilter)
1. Check wiring
2. Contact Service.
229
SD ENG.SPEED SENSORS
Sensor defect (crankshaft
speed) and sensor defect
(camshaft speed)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
230
SD CRANKSHAFT
SPEED
Sensor defect (crankshaft
speed)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
231
SD CAMSHAFT SPEED Sensor defect (camshaft
speed)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
232
SD ETC SPEED 11
Sensor defect (turbocharger
speed)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
240
SD P-FUEL
Sensor defect (fuel pressure)
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
245
SD POWER SUPPLY
Sensor defect (ECU operating voltage)
Contact Service.
246
SD T-ELECTRONIC
Sensor defect (temperature
in ECU)
Contact Service.
266
SD SPEED DEMAND
AN.
Sensor defect (analog speed
demand)
301
TIMING CYLINDER A1
Injection timing fault cylinder A1
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
302
TIMING CYLINDER A2
Injection timing fault cylinder A2
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
303
TIMING CYLINDER A3
Injection timing fault cylinder A3
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
304
TIMING CYLINDER A4
Injection timing fault cylinder A4
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
305
TIMING CYLINDER A5
Injection timing fault cylinder A5
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
306
TIMING CYLINDER A6
Injection timing fault cylinder A6
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
307
TIMING CYLINDER A7
Injection timing fault cylinder A7
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
308
TIMING CYLINDER A8
Injection timing fault cylinder A8
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
309
TIMING CYLINDER A9
Injection timing fault cylinder A9
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
1. Check speed transmitter
2. Check wiring.
3. Contact Service.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 47
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
310
TIMING CYLINDER
A10
Injection timing fault cylinder A10
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
311
TIMING CYLINDER B1
Injection timing fault cylinder B1
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
312
TIMING CYLINDER B2
Injection timing fault cylinder B2
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
313
TIMING CYLINDER B3
Injection timing fault cylinder B3
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
314
TIMING CYLINDER B4
Injection timing fault cylinder B4
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
315
TIMING CYLINDER B5
Injection timing fault cylinder B5
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
316
TIMING CYLINDER B6
Injection timing fault cylinder B6
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
317
TIMING CYLINDER B7
Injection timing fault cylinder B7
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
318
TIMING CYLINDER B8
Injection timing fault cylinder B8
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
319
TIMING CYLINDER B9
Injection timing fault cylinder B9
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
320
TIMING CYLINDER
B10
Injection timing fault cylinder B10
If fault occurs repeatedly: Contact
Service.
321
WIRING CYLINDER A1 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A1;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
322
WIRING CYLINDER A2 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A2;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
323
WIRING CYLINDER A3 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A3;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
324
WIRING CYLINDER A4 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A4;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
325
WIRING CYLINDER A5 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A5;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
326
WIRING CYLINDER A6 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A6;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
327
WIRING CYLINDER A7 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A7;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
328
WIRING CYLINDER A8 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A8;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
329
WIRING CYLINDER A9 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A9;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
48 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
Fault code
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
330
WIRING CYLINDER
A10
Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder A10;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring
2. Contact Service:
331
WIRING CYLINDER B1 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B1;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
332
WIRING CYLINDER B2 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B2;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
333
WIRING CYLINDER B3 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B3;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
334
WIRING CYLINDER B4 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B4;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
335
WIRING CYLINDER B5 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B5;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
336
WIRING CYLINDER B6 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B6;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
337
WIRING CYLINDER B7 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B7;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
338
WIRING CYLINDER B8 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B8;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
339
WIRING CYLINDER B9 Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B9;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
340
WIRING CYLINDER
B10
Faulty wiring to solenoid
valve cylinder B10;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
341
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A1
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A1;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
342
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A2
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A2;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
343
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A3
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A3;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
344
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A4
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A4;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
345
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A5
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A5;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
346
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A6
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A6;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 49
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
347
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A7
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A7;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
348
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A8
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A8;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
349
OPEN_LOAD CYL. A9
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A9;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
350
OPEN_LOAD CYL.
A10
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder A10;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
351
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B1
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B1;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
352
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B2
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B2;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
353
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B3
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B3;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
354
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B4
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B4;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
355
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B5
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B5;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
356
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B6
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B6;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
357
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B7
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B7;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
358
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B8
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B8;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring.
2. Contact Service.
359
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B9
Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B9;
Misfiring
1. Check wiring
2. Contact Service.
360
OPEN_LOAD CYL. B10 Disconnection in wiring to
solenoid valve cylinder B10;
Misfiring
361
POWER STAGE FAIL 1 Defect in ECU (solenoid
valve power stage)
Contact Service.
362
POWER STAGE FAIL 2 Defect in ECU (solenoid
valve power stage)
Contact Service.
363
STOP POWER STAGE
1
Solenoid valve or wiring or
ECU defective
Automatic engine shutdown.
Task
1. Check wiring.
2. Try to re-start the engine
(→ Page 32).
3. Contact Service.
50 | Troubleshooting | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
1. Check wiring
2. Contact Service:
Fault code
Alarm text
Meaning
Task
364
STOP POWER STAGE
2
Solenoid valve or wiring or
ECU defective
Automatic engine shutdown.
1. Check wiring.
2. Try to re-start the engine
(→ Page 32).
3. Contact Service.
365
STOP SOLENOID-WIR- Solenoid-valve wiring faulty;
ING
Automatic engine shutdown.
1. Check wiring.
2. Try to re-start the engine
(→ Page 32).
3. Contact Service.
TRAN.OUT1 PLANT
DEF
Binary transistor output
plant 1 defective
Contact Service.
382
TRAN.OUT2 PLANT
DEF
Binary transistor output
plant 2 defective
Contact Service.
383
TRAN.OUT3 PLANT
DEF
Binary transistor output
plant 3 defective
Contact Service.
384
TRAN.OUT4 PLANT
DEF
Binary transistor output
plant 4 defective
Contact Service.
385
TRAN.OUT 5 PLANT
DEF
Binary transistor output
plant 5 defective
Contact Service.
386
TRAN.OUT 6 PLANT
DEF
Binary transistor output
plant 6 defective
Contact Service.
TIM-ID: 0000003161 - 001
381
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Troubleshooting | 51
7 Task Description
7.1 Engine
7.1.1
Engine – Barring manually
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
DANGER
Part No.
Qty.
Barring gear
F6555766
1
Barring gear
F6783293
1
Adapter
F6558528
1
Ratchet with extension
F30006212
1
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Before cranking the engine with starter system, make sure that there are no persons in the engine's danger zone.
Barring engine manually (tool
mounted on side)
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000002521 - 006
5.
Remove guard plate.
Engage barring gear (2) in ring gear (3) and
mount on flywheel housing.
• Use barring gear F6555766.
Fit ratchet (1) onto barring gear (2).
Rotate crankshaft in normal direction of engine rotation; apart from the normal compression resistance, there should be no resistance.
Barring gear is removed by same procedure
in reverse.
52 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Barring engine manually (tool
mounted underneath)
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000002521 - 006
5.
Remove grounding device or guard plate.
Engage barring gear (2) in ring gear (1) and
mount on flywheel housing.
• For 12/16V engines, use barring
gear F6555766 with adapter F6558528.
• For 20V engines, use barring
gear F6783293.
Fit ratchet (3) onto barring gear (2).
Rotate crankshaft in normal direction of engine rotation; apart from the normal compression resistance, there should be no resistance.
Barring gear is removed by same procedure
in reverse.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 53
7.1.2
Engine – Barring with starting system
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Connector pliers
DANGER
Part No.
Qty.
0135315483
1
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Before cranking the engine, make sure that there are no persons in the engine's danger zone.
• After finishing work on the engine, make sure that all safety devices are put back in place and all
tools removed from the engine.
Barring engine with starting system
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000000950 - 003
5.
Disengage the bayonet coupling (4) of connector X4 with connector pliers (2) and
withdraw connector (3) from engine governor.
Bar engine in unloaded condition: Press
START button.
Let the crankshaft rotate until oil pressure
is indicated.
Engine start is automatically interrupted
when specified starting period is expired. If
necessary, re-start the engine after approx.
20 seconds.
Plug connector X4 (3) and use connector
pliers (2) to secure the bayonet coupling (4) by turning it clockwise until it
latches into place.
54 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.2 Cylinder Liner
7.2.1
Endoscopically examining cylinder liner
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and secured against being restarted.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Cranking tool
F6555766
1
Ratchet with extension
F30006212
1
Endoscope
Y20097353
1
Preparatory steps
1.
2.
Remove cylinder head cover (→ Page 74).
Remove injector (→ Page 78).
Positioning crankshaft at BDC
1.
2.
Using cranking tool, turn crankshaft until crankpin of the cylinder to be tested has reached BDC.
Insert endoscope into cylinder liner through injector socket.
Endoscopically examining cylinder liner
Findings
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Action
No action required.
Thin carbon coating around carbon scraper ring
Slight localized additive deposits at top edge
Localized polished areas at bottom edge
Ring of carbon around entire circumference between top piston ring
and bottom edge of carbon scraper ring
First signs of marks left by top piston ring
Light traces around circumference
Faultless, even honing pattern
First signs of marks left by lower cooling bores
Wear pattern appears darker
• Dark areas with even or varying degrees of discoloration
• Beginning and end of the discoloration are not sharply defined and
do not cover the entire stroke length
Further endoscopic examination required as part of maintenance work.
• Dark areas in the upper section of the cooling bore, remaining cir-
cumference cannot be faulted
TIM-ID: 0000003304 - 005
• Piston rings cannot be faulted
• Around the entire circumference, as well as areas of pale discolora- Cylinder liner must be replaced;
contact Service
tion (not such as to impair operation) clearly darker stripes that
start at the top piston ring
• Heat discoloration in the direction of stroke and honing pattern
damage
• Heat discoloration of piston rings
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 55
1.
2.
3.
Compile endoscopy report with the aid of the table.
Use technical terms for description of the liner surface (→ Page 57).
Depending on findings:
• Do not take any action or
• carry out a further endoscopic examination as part of maintenance work or
• contact Service; cylinder liner must be replaced.
Final steps
Refit injector (→ Page 78).
Install cylinder head cover (→ Page 74).
TIM-ID: 0000003304 - 005
1.
2.
56 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.2.2
Instructions and comments on endoscopic and visual examination of cylinder
liners
Terms used for endoscopic examination
Use the terms listed below to describe the condition of the cylinder-liner surface in the endoscopic examination report.
Findings
Measure
Light scoring
Minor dirt scores can occur during the assembly of a new engine (honing products, particles, broken-off burrs). Removed cylinders clearly exhibit such scoring
on the running surface under endoscope magnification. Cannot be felt with the
fingernail.
Findings not critical.
Single scores
Clearly visible scores caused by hard particles. They usually start in the TDC area
and cross through the honing pattern in the direction of stroke.
Findings not critical.
Scored area
These areas consist of scores of different lengths and depths next to one another. In most cases, they are found at the 6-o'clock and 12-o'clock positions (inlet/
exhaust) along the transverse engine axis.
Findings not critical.
Smoothened area
Smoothened areas are changes to the running surface but almost the whole honing pattern is still visible. Smoothened areas appear brighter and more brilliant
than the surrounding running surface.
Findings not critical.
Polished area
Polished areas are on the running surface and show local removal of the honing
pattern. Grooves from the honing process are not visible any more.
New cylinder liners must be fitted in the following cases
Polished area:
covers more than 20% of the entire piston running surface,
covers more than 30° of the circumference and extends over more than 50% of
piston stroke,
is wider than 15 mm over the entire piston stroke.
Discoloration
This is caused by oxidation (surface discoloration through oil or fuel) and temperature differences around the liner. It appears rather darker within the honed
structure in contrast to the bright metallic running surface. The honing pattern is
undisturbed. Discolorations extend in stroke direction and may be interrupted.
Findings not critical.
TIM-ID: 0000003285 - 003
Corrosion fields / spots Corrosion fields / spots result from water (condensed water) with the valves in
the overlap (open) position. They are clearly visible due to the dark color of the
honing groove bottom.
This corrosion is not critical unless there is corrosion pitting.
Black lines
Black lines are a step towards heat discoloration. They are visible as a clear discoloration from TDC to BDC in the running surface and the start of localized damage to the honing pattern.
Cylinders with a number of black lines around the running surface have limited
service life and should be replaced.
Discolorations (Heat)
These are caused by a disturbance in the liner / ring tribosystem. Usually they
run over the whole ring-travel area (TDC/BDC), starting at the first TDC-ring and
becoming more visible from the second TDC-ring onwards and less pronounced
from TDC-ring 1. The honing pattern is usually no longer visible and displays a
clearly defined (straight) edge to the undisturbed surface. The damaged surface is
usually discolored. The circumferential length varies.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 57
Findings
Measure
Liners with heat discoloration starting in the TDC-ring 1 have to be replaced.
Seizures, Seizure marks Seizure marks are of irregular circumferential length and depth. Can be caused by
either the piston skirt or the piston crown. Material deposits on the liner (smears)
show heavy discoloration and scoring.
Replace liner.
Evaluation of findings and further measures
TIM-ID: 0000003285 - 003
The findings in the start phase of oxidation discoloration and heat discoloration are similar. Thorough
investigation and compliance with the above evaluation criteria allows a definite evaluation. To avoid
unnecessary disassembly work, it is recommended that another inspection be carried out after further
operation of the engine.
58 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.3 Crankcase Breather
7.3.1
Crankcase breather – Oil separator element replacement, diaphragm check and
replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
Torque wrench, 6-50 Nm
F30027336
1
Ratchet
F30027340
1
Engine oil
Filter element
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Diaphragm
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Gasket
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Hot oil.
Oil can contain combustion residues which are harmful to health.
Risk of injury and poisoning!
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Avoid contact with skin.
• Do not inhale oil vapor.
TIM-ID: 0000000017 - 008
Replacing oil separator element
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove cover (2) with O-ring (3).
Remove filter element (1) from housing (4).
Insert new filter element in housing (4).
Install cover (2) with new O-ring.
5.
Use torque wrench to tighten the screws of cover (2) to the specified torque.
Name
Screw
6.
Size
Type
Lubricant
Value/Standard
Tightening torque
(Engine oil)
10 Nm −2 Nm
Replace further oil separator elements in the same way.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 59
Checking diaphragm
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove cover (4).
Remove spring (5), gasket (2) and diaphragm (3).
Check diaphragm (3) for damage, fit new
diaphragm if used one is damaged.
Install diaphragm (3) on housing (1).
Install new seal (2) and spring (5) together
with cover (4).
Use torque wrench to tighten the screws of cover (4) to the specified torque.
Name
Screw
Type
Lubricant
Value/Standard
Tightening torque
(Engine oil)
10 Nm −2 Nm
Check diaphragms in further oil separators in the same way.
TIM-ID: 0000000017 - 008
7.
Size
60 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.3.2
Crankcase breather – Cleaning
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
WARNING
WARNING
NOTICE
Part No.
Qty.
Cleaner (Snow-White 11-0)
40460
1
Cleaner (Hakupur 312)
30390
1
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Cleaner is extremely caustic.
Risk of injury and suffocation!
• Avoid contact with eyes and skin.
• Do not inhale vapors and smoke.
• Do not eat, drink, smoke when working with cleaner.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Take measures against electrostatic charging.
Cleaning agents should not be left to take effect for too long.
Damage to components is possible.
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
Clean crankcase breather
Note:
TIM-ID: 0000003510 - 006
1.
2.
Protect rubber and synthetic components from oil and fuel, never treat with organic detergents. Wipe
with a dry cloth only.
Clean all metallic parts with cleaner (Snow-White 11-0), then rinse with cleaner (Hakupur 312).
Blow down all parts with compressed air.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 61
7.3.3
Crankcase breather (open-circuit crankcase ventilation) – Filter element
cleaning
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
WARNING
NOTICE
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Cleaning agents should not be left to take effect for too long.
Damage to components is possible.
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
Clean filter element
Remove filter element (→ Page 59).
Clean filter element with cleaning agent.
Remove cleaner.
Blow out filter element thoroughly with compressed air.
Install filter element (→ Page 59).
TIM-ID: 0000003508 - 004
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
62 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.3.4
Crankcase breather – Filter element replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Torque wrench, 10-60Nm
Engine oil
Filter insert
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
F30452769
1
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Hot oil.
Oil can contain combustion residues which are harmful to health.
Risk of injury and poisoning!
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Avoid contact with skin.
• Do not inhale oil vapor.
Crankcase breather (closed-circuit crankcase ventilation) – Filter element replacement
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
TIM-ID: 0000003532 - 003
8.
Loosen clamps (1), push rubber sleeves (2)
over pipe (3).
Release band clamp (4) with lever (6).
Remove cover (7).
Replace filter element (5).
Fit cover (7).
Operate lever (6) to tension clamping
band (4).
Push back rubber sleeve (2) and tighten
clamp (1).
Replace further filter elements in the same
way.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 63
Crankcase breather (open-circuit
crankcase ventilation) – Filter element cleaning or replacement
1.
2.
8.
Clean filter externally.
Release vent hose on oil separator cover (1) and remove.
Remove oil separator cover (1).
Loosen clamp (5).
Clean or replace filter element (2)
(→ Page 61).
Insert new sealing ring (3).
Install cleaned or new filter element (2)
with filter holder (5).
Mount oil separator cover (1).
9.
Tighten nut of clamp (4) with torque wrench to specified tightening torque.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Name
Nut
Type
Lubricant
Value/Standard
Tightening torque
(Engine oil)
9Nm +1Nm
Push vent hose onto oil separator cover (3) and bolt on.
Replace further filter elements (2) in the same way.
TIM-ID: 0000003532 - 003
10.
11.
Size
64 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.4 Running Gear
7.4.1
Grounding device – Carbon brush check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Cold cleaner (Hakutex 60)
50602
Carbon brush
WARNING
NOTICE
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Inappropriate cleaning tool.
Risk of damage to component!
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
• Use appropriate cleaning tool.
Remove grounding assembly
TIM-ID: 0000033357 - 005
1.
2.
Remove screws (1) with washers.
Remove grounding device (2) from flywheel
housing (3).
Checking grounding device
Item
Findings
Measure
Carbon brush
Damaged
Wear limit 45 mm (new condition
60 mm)
Fit new part(→ Page 67)
Fit new part(→ Page 67)
Press carbon brush against spring
pressure
Spring
broken, damaged
Fit new part(→ Page 67)
Running surface on adapter
contaminated, corroded
Clean
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 65
Cleaning running surface on adapter
1.
2.
3.
Clean running surface of carbon brushes on adapter with cold cleaner.
Remove stubborn deposits with soft brush.
Blow out adapter with compressed air.
Installing grounding device
Check mounting surface on flywheel housing for cleanness.
Install grounding device on flywheel housing and secure with screws.
TIM-ID: 0000033357 - 005
1.
2.
66 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.4.2
Grounding device – Carbon brush replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Loctite 270
Carbon brush
Part No.
Qty.
40083
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
2
Replace carbon brush
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Apply Loctite 270 only to threads.
Secure cable (6) with screw (5).
TIM-ID: 0000033339 - 002
Note:
10.
Loosen screw (5).
Disconnect cable (6) from screw (5).
Loosen screws (3).
Remove screws (2).
Remove carbon brush (1) from grounding
device (4).
Fit new carbon brush (1) in grounding device (4).
Tighten screws (2) by hand.
Insert screws (3) as far as the stop and
tighten screws lightly.
Tighten screws (2).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 67
7.5 Valve Drive
7.5.1
Valve gear – Lubrication
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Engine oil
Valve gear – Lubrication
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000004337 - 004
3.
Remove cylinder head covers (→ Page 74).
Fill oil chambers of rocker arms and adjusting screws with oil.
Install cylinder head covers (→ Page 74).
68 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.5.2
Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑Engine coolant temperature is max. 40 °C.
☑Valves are closed.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Feeler gauge
Y20010128
1
Torque wrench 60-320 Nm
F30047446
1
Socket wrench
F30039526
1
Allen key
F30002817
1
Torque wrench 10-60 Nm
F30510423
1
Socket wrench
F30039518
1
Preparatory steps
Remove cylinder head cover (→ Page 74).
Install barring tool (→ Page 52).
3.
Rotate crankshaft with barring tool in engine direction of rotation until marking "OTA1" and pointer are aligned.
TIM-ID: 0000004355 - 001
1.
2.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 69
Checking valve-bridge balance
X Valve bridge with guide
Y Flying valve bridge
Note:
1.
TIM-ID: 0000004355 - 001
2.
Not applicable for engines with flying valve
bridge.
Prior to adjusting valve clearance, check
valve-bridge balance on all valve bridges.
Use feeler gauge to determine the distance
between valve bridge and rocker arm.
70 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
3.
4.
Insert feeler gauge with determined value
between valve bridge and valve-stem end
(A).
At the opposite valve-stem end (B), a feeler
gauge thicker by 0.05 mm should not fit,
otherwise adjust valve bridge balance.
Adjusting valve-bridge balance
Note:
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000004355 - 001
5.
6.
Not applicable for engines with flying valve
bridge.
Hold valve bridge (1) firmly in position with
open-end spanner and release locknut (2).
Use feeler gauge to determine the distance
between valve bridge and rocker arm.
Place one feeler gauge (of the determined
value) each between valve bridge and the
two valve-stem ends (A) and (B).
Turn adjusting screw so that both feeler
gauges can be just pulled through.
Hold adjusting screw securely in position
with Allen key and fit locknut by hand on
valve bridge.
Replace or rectify adjusting screws which
do not move freely.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 71
7.
8.
9.
Tighten locknut (2) to 35 Nm +5 Nm, holding valve bridge (1) in position with openend spanner.
Check valve bridge balance again.
Adjust valve-bridge balance at two crankshaft positions according to the following
diagram.
Checking valve clearance at two
crankshaft positions
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000004355 - 001
5.
Check TDC position of piston in cylinder
A1:
• If the rocker arms are unloaded on cylinder A1, the piston is in firing TDC.
• If the rocker arms are loaded on cylinder
A1, the piston is in overlap TDC.
Check valve clearance with cold engine:
• Inlet valves (long rocker arm) = 0.2 mm
• Exhaust valves (short rocker arm) =
0.5 mm
Check all valve clearances at two crankshaft positions (firing and overlap TDC for
cylinder A1) as per diagram.
Use feeler gauge to determine the distance
between valve bridge and rocker arm.
If the deviation from the reference value
exceeds 0.1 mm, adjust valve clearance.
72 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Adjusting valve clearance
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Release locknut (1).
Insert feeler gauge between valve bridge
and rocker arm.
Using Allen key, set adjusting screw (2) so
that the specified valve clearance is provided.
Feeler gauge must just pass through the
gap.
Tighten locknut (1) to 90 +9 Nm, holding
adjusting screw (2) firm.
Replace or rectify adjusting screws and/or
locknuts which do not move freely.
Check valve clearance.
Final steps
Remove barring tool (→ Page 52).
Install cylinder head cover (→ Page 74).
TIM-ID: 0000004355 - 001
1.
2.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 73
7.5.3
Cylinder head cover – Removal and installation
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Gasket
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Removing cylinder head cover
1.
2.
3.
Clean very dirty cylinder head covers prior
to removal.
Remove screws.
Remove cylinder head cover with gasket
from cylinder head.
Installing cylinder head cover
Clean mating face.
Check condition of gasket, replace if necessary.
Place gasket and cylinder head cover on cylinder head.
Install cylinder head cover.
TIM-ID: 0000000923 - 006
1.
2.
3.
4.
74 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.6 Injection Pump / HP Pump
7.6.1
HP pump – Filling with engine oil
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Engine oil
WARNING
WARNING
NOTICE
Fuels are combustible.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Oils/oil vapors are combustible/explosive.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electric sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
HP fuel pump not filled with engine oil.
Damage to components, major material damage!
• Ensure that th HP fuel pump is filled with engine oil before it is installed or put into operation.
Filling HP pump
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000001640 - 012
3.
Remove plug screw (1).
Use pump oiler to fill HP pump with engine
oil until engine oil emerges.
Install plug screw (1).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 75
7.6.2
DANGER
WARNING
HP pump – Relief bore check
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Only run the engine at low power. Keep away from the engine's danger zone.
A high level of noise is produced when the engine is running.
Risk of damage to hearing.
• Wear ear defenders.
HP pump – Relief bore check
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000000924 - 007
3.
Check relief bore for oil and fuel discharge
by visual inspection.
If relief bore is contaminated, stop the engine, disable engine start, and clean relief
bore.
Note the following in case of fluid discharge:
• Heavy discharge means continuous discharge of fluids (leakage). Contact Service.
• Minor discharge of fluids up to 10 drops
per day is normal (moistening) and not
considered a leakage.
76 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.7 Injection Valve / Injector
7.7.1
Injector – Replacement
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Injector
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Replacing injector
Remove injector and install new injector (→ Page 78).
TIM-ID: 0000000022 - 013
u
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 77
7.7.2
Injector – Removal and installation
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Installation and removal tool for injector
F6790161
1
Milling cutter
F30452739
1
Slotted screwdriver
F30452578
1
Torque wrench, 4-20 Nm
F30044239
1
Torque wrench, 10-60 Nm
F30452769
1
Torque wrench, 60-320 Nm
F30452768
1
40477
1
X00029933
1
Assembly paste (Optimoly Paste White T)
Grease (Kluthe Hakuform 30-10/emulsifier)
Engine oil
WARNING
NOTICE
Fuels are combustible.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Cable damage during operation.
Fire hazard!
• Twist the cables when attaching.
• Ensure that the cables do not touch any components.
NOTICE
Removal of all injectors.
Damage to component!
• Ensure that the high-pressure fuel accumulator is secured on the engine through two HP lines.
Preparatory steps
Close off fuel supply to engine.
Remove cylinder head cover (→ Page 74).
TIM-ID: 0000000952 - 010
1.
2.
78 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Remove injector
Note:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove screw (2) and take off hold-down
clamp (1).
Remove high-pressure fuel line (5).
Install installation/removal device on the
cylinder head.
Remove injector with installation/removal
device.
Remove the installation/removal device.
TIM-ID: 0000000952 - 010
6.
Always replace the first and last injectors
of one engine side first. Replace the inner
injectors only after the installation of the
outer injectors on this engine side is completed.
Release the cable terminal threaded connection (arrows) on the injector and remove cable terminals.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 79
7.
8.
9.
Remove sealing ring (1) from injector or
use a self-made hook to take it out of the
cylinder head.
Remove O-rings (2) from injector.
Cover all connections and installation
bores, or seal with suitable plugs.
Install injector
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Clean sealing face on cylinder head and
protective sleeve with milling cutter.
Insert injector into cylinder head, making
sure that the HP line connections are
aligned correctly.
Push in the injector using the installation/
removal device.
Remove the installation/removal device.
TIM-ID: 0000000952 - 010
8.
Prior to installation, remove all blanking
plugs.
Coat injector with assembly paste in the
area of the nozzle retaining nut.
Fit new O-rings on injector and coat with
grease.
Fit new sealing ring with grease on injector,
observe installation position of sealing ring.
80 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
9.
10.
Use slotted screwdriver to check thrust
ring at both line ends for secure seating.
Tighten loose thrust ring to the specified tightening torque.
Name
Size
TIM-ID: 0000000952 - 010
Thrust ring
Type
Lubricant
Tightening torque
Value/Standard
5 Nm to 10 Nm
11.
Coat screw head mating face (2) and
thread with engine oil.
12.
Fit hold-down clamp (1) in correct position by hand. Tighten screw (2) with torque wrench to the specified initial tightening torque.
Name
Size
Type
Lubricant
Value/Standard
Screw
M12
Preload torque
(Engine oil)
5 Nm to 10 Nm
13.
Fit O-rings (4) and (6) on high-pressure fuel line (5) and coat with grease.
14.
Tighten high-pressure fuel line (5) to the specified initial tightening torque.
Name
Size
HP line
15.
Type
Lubricant
Value/Standard
Preload torque
(Engine oil)
5 Nm to 10 Nm
Lubricant
Value/Standard
Tighten screw (2) to specified torque using a torque wrench.
Name
Size
Type
Screw
M12
Tightening torque
100 Nm + 10 Nm
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 81
16.
Tighten union nut of adapter (limiting valve) with torque wrench to the specified tightening torque.
Name
Size
Union nut
17.
Type
Lubricant
Tightening torque
Value/Standard
140 Nm + 10 Nm
Tighten union nut of adapter (injector) with torque wrench to the specified tightening torque.
Name
Size
Union nut
Type
Lubricant
Tightening torque
Value/Standard
120 Nm +10 Nm
18.
Twist cable several times.
19.
Insert cable lugs (arrows) underneath the screws on the injector and tighten screws with torque wrench
to the specified tightening torque.
Name
Screw
Size
Type
Tightening torque
Lubricant
Value/Standard
1.5 Nm
Final steps
Install cylinder head cover (→ Page 74).
Open up fuel supply to engine.
TIM-ID: 0000000952 - 010
1.
2.
82 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.8 Fuel System
7.8.1
Fuel system – Venting
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Diesel fuel
WARNING
Fuels are combustible.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Venting LP fuel system
1.
2.
3.
TIM-ID: 0000004709 - 006
4.
5.
6.
Open vent plug (1).
Unlock fuel priming pump (2), screw out
handle by turning it counterclockwise.
Operate the pump with the handle (2) until
bubble-free fuel emerges from the vent
plug (1).
Close vent plug (1).
Screw in handle by turning it clockwise.
Verify that fuel priming pump (2) is locked:
Handle must be tightened.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 83
7.9 Fuel Filter
7.9.1
Fuel filter – Replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Filter wrench
Engine oil
Easy-change filter
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
F30379104
1
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Fuels are combustible.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Fuel filter – Replacement
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
TIM-ID: 0000000927 - 006
6.
Remove easy-change filter using filter
wrench.
Clean sealing face on filter head.
Apply a thin coat of oil to the seal on the
easy-change filter (arrowed).
Screw on the easy-change filter by hand
until the seal is in contact and tighten
hand-tight.
Replace the other easy-change filters in the
same way.
Vent fuel system (→ Page 83).
84 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.9.2
Draining fuel prefilter
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and secured against being restarted.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Diesel fuel
WARNING
Fuels are combustible.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Draining fuel prefilter
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000004930 - 003
5.
6.
7.
8.
Shut off the filter unit (5/8) to be changed
at valves (3) and (4) or (9) and (10).
Open bleed screw (1) or (2) on filter to be
drained.
Open drain valve (6) or (7).
Drain water and dirt from the filter until
clean fuel emerges.
Close drain valve (6) or (7).
Open fuel return line (3) or (10).
Open fuel inlet (4) or (9).
Close bleed screw (1) or (2) on filter to be
drained when clean fuel emerges.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 85
7.9.3
Edge-type fuel filter – Draining
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Diesel fuel
Sealing ring
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Fuels are combustible.
Risk of fire and explosion!
• Avoid open flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Edge-type fuel filter – Draining
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
TIM-ID: 0000004952 - 001
7.
Rotate edge-type filter (2) with handle (1)
clockwise several times.
Do not apply force when rotating handle.
Close fuel supply.
Remove drain plug (3) from edge-type filter
(2).
Drain water and contaminants through
drain plug opening (3) until pure fuel
emerges from filter.
Fit drain plug (3) with new sealing ring and
screw in.
Open fuel supply.
86 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.9.4
Auxiliary fuel filter – Replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
F30379104
1
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
2
Filter wrench
Engine oil
Easy-change filter
WARNING
NOTICE
Fuels are flammable and explosive.
Danger to life! Risk of burns!
• Avoid naked flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
• Wear protective clothing, protective gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Fuels are flammable and explosive.
Risk of severe component damage and other severe damage!
• Avoid naked flames, electrical sparks and ignition sources.
• Do not smoke.
Replacing auxiliary fuel filter
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
TIM-ID: 0000043567 - 001
8.
9.
Provide suitable container to collect escaping fuel.
Close fuel feed with stopcock (1).
Remove easy-change filter (3) with filter
wrench.
Clean sealing surface on filter head (2).
Coat gasket on easy-change filter (3) slightly with engine oil (arrow).
Screw on easy-change filter (3) by hand until the seal makes contact with the filter
head and tighten manually.
Replace further easy-change filters in the
same way.
Open stopcock (1).
Vent fuel system (→ Page 83).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 87
7.10 Charge-Air Cooling
7.10.1
DANGER
WARNING
WARNING
Intercooler – Check water drain for coolant leakage and absence of restrictions
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Only run the engine at low power. Keep away from the engine's danger zone.
A high level of noise is produced when the engine is running.
Risk of damage to hearing.
• Wear ear defenders.
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Intercooler – Check water drain
for coolant leakage and absence
of restrictions
1.
2.
With the engine running check the drain
bore(s) on the right and left of the engine
for emerging air (at driving end). If no air
escapes:
• Clean drain bore(s)
• Blow out with compressed air
If a large amount of coolant is continuously
discharged, the intercooler is leaking. Contact Service.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove injectors (→ Page 78).
Bar engine manually (→ Page 52).
Bar engine with starting system to blow out combustion chambers (→ Page 54).
Install injectors (→ Page 78).
88 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
TIM-ID: 0000000955 - 004
Emergency measures prior to engine start with a leaking intercooler
7.11 Air Filter
7.11.1
Air filter element and dust bowl (optional) – Cleaning
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Gasket
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Clean air filter element
Note:
1.
2.
3.
Note:
4.
5.
6.
Clean paper filter element dry only.
Open air filter and remove filter element
(→ Page 91).
Check gasket for damage and cleanness,
replace if necessary.
Clean all sealing and contact surfaces.
Debris particles must not enter the intake
system.
Clean dust bowl (if available).
Blow out filter element with compressed air
(max. 3 bar) from the inside out, until no
more dust is blown out.
Fit new filter element if old one is heavily
contaminated or damaged (→ Page 90).
Visual inspection
1.
TIM-ID: 0000005423 - 005
2.
Use inspection lamp to check cleaned filter
element for damage.
Fit new filter element if old one is damaged
(→ Page 90).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 89
7.11.2
Air filter – Replacement
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Air filter
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Air filter – Replacement
Remove air filter and install new one (→ Page 91).
Reset signal ring of service indicator (→ Page 92).
TIM-ID: 0000000903 - 004
1.
2.
90 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.11.3
Air filter element – Removal and installation (optional)
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Gasket
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Removing and installing air filter element
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
TIM-ID: 0000005455 - 003
9.
Release latches (9).
Remove dust bowl (8) and partition (7).
Remove collar nut (6).
Screw off air filter element (4).
Clean housing (3) and dust bowl (8).
Check seal (5) for damage and cleanness,
replace if necessary.
Clean all sealing and contact surfaces.
Fit partition (7) and dust bowl (8) according
to marking.
Secure dust bowl (8) with latches (9).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 91
7.11.4
Service indicator – Signal ring position check (optional)
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Checking signal ring position
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000005484 - 008
Result:
If the signal ring is completely visible in the
control window (2), replace air filter
(→ Page 90).
After installation of new filter, press reset
button (1).
Engaged piston with signal ring moves
back to initial position.
92 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.12 Starting Equipment
7.12.1
Starter – Condition check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Checking starter condition
Check securing screws of starter for secure seating and tighten if required.
Check wiring (→ Page 128).
TIM-ID: 0000000905 - 017
1.
2.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 93
7.13 Lube Oil System, Lube Oil Circuit
7.13.1
Checking engine oil level
Checking oil level before starting engine
1.
2.
Note:
3.
4.
5.
Withdraw oil dipstick from guide tube and
wipe it clean.
Insert dipstick into guide tube and push
fully home, withdraw after approx. 10 seconds. Check oil level on oil dipstick side
marked "5 Min. after Stop".
After extended out-of-service periods, the
oil level may be up to 2 cm above the
"max." mark. This might be caused by engine oil flowing from oil filter and heat exchanger back into the oil pan.
The oil level must reach the "max." mark or
exceed it by up to 2 cm.
If necessary, top up to "max." mark
(→ Page 95).
Insert oil dipstick into guide tube and push
fully home.
Checking engine oil level with the engine running
1.
2.
3.
4.
After the engine has run for approx. 10 minutes at a constant speed of 900 rpm, withdraw oil dipstick
from guide tube and wipe it.
Insert dipstick into guide tube and push fully home, withdraw after approx. 10 seconds. Check oil level
on the dipstick side marked "IDLE".
Oil level must not be lower than the "add" mark.
If necessary, top up to "max." mark (→ Page 95).
Checking oil level after engine has been shut down
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000006161 - 004
3.
4.
5.
5 minutes after stopping the engine, remove oil dipstick from the guide tube and wipe it.
Insert dipstick into guide tube and push fully home, withdraw after approx. 10 seconds. Check oil level
on oil dipstick side marked "5 Min. after Stop".
Oil level must be between "add." and “max.” marks.
If necessary, top up to "max." mark (→ Page 95).
Insert oil dipstick into guide tube and push fully home.
94 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.13.2
Engine oil – Change
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑Engine is at operating temperature.
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specification (A001061/..) is available.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Engine oil
Sealing ring
WARNING
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Hot oil.
Oil can contain combustion residues which are harmful to health.
Risk of injury and poisoning!
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Avoid contact with skin.
• Do not inhale oil vapor.
Procedure without pump: Draining oil at drain plug on oil pan
1.
2.
3.
Provide a suitable container in which to collect the oil.
Remove drain plug and drain oil.
Install drain plug with new sealing ring.
Procedure with pump: Oil extraction
1.
2.
Provide a suitable container in which to collect the oil.
Extract all oil from oil pan using the pump.
Filling with new oil
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000006151 - 001
3.
4.
5.
Open cover of filler neck.
Pour oil in at filler neck up to "max." mark
at oil dipstick.
Close cover of filler neck.
Check engine oil level (→ Page 94).
After oil change, bar engine with starting
system (→ Page 54).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 95
7.14 Oil Filtration / Cooling
7.14.1
Automatic oil filter – Oil filter candles replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Grease (Kluthe Hakuform 30-10/Emulgier)
WARNING
NOTICE
Part No.
Qty.
X00029933
1
Engine oil
O-ring
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Oil filter candles
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Hot oil.
Oil can contain combustion residues which are harmful to health.
Risk of injury and poisoning!
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Avoid contact with skin.
• Do not inhale oil vapor.
Contamination of components.
Damage to component!
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
• Check components for special cleanliness.
Removing oil filter candles
Remove nuts (2) from oil filter cover (1).
Remove oil filter cover (1).
TIM-ID: 0000006401 - 006
1.
2.
96 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
3.
4.
Withdraw oil filter element (1).
Remove O-ring.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Remove screw (2).
Withdraw plastic spinner (1) with spring.
Remove nut (3).
Take off spring washer and washer.
Remove screw (4).
Remove flushing arm (5) from screen
plate (6).
11.
Turn filter element by 180° and use appropriate tool to push out filter candles (1).
Turn filter insert by 180° and insert new filter candles (1) with chamfer facing downwards.
TIM-ID: 0000006401 - 006
12.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 97
Installing oil filter candles
For installation follow reverse sequence of working steps.
Additionally, the following instructions are to be observed:
• Replace all sealing elements.
• Coat O-rings with grease.
• Insert O-rings in grooves.
• Observe position of cylinder screw to elongated hole on shaft.
TIM-ID: 0000006401 - 006
1.
2.
98 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.14.2
Oil indicator filter – Cleaning and check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
WARNING
WARNING
NOTICE
Part No.
Qty.
Cleaner (Snow-White 11-0)
40460
1
Cleaner (Hakupur 312)
30390
1
Engine oil
Strainer
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Square-section ring
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
O-ring
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Hot oil.
Oil can contain combustion residues which are harmful to health.
Risk of injury and poisoning!
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Avoid contact with skin.
• Do not inhale oil vapor.
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Inappropriate cleaning tool.
Risk of damage to component!
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
• Use appropriate cleaning tool.
Removing strainer
1.
TIM-ID: 0000006402 - 005
2.
3.
4.
Clean oil indicator filter before disassembling it.
Remove screws (1).
Take off cover (2) with O-ring (3).
Take strainer (5) from filter housing.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 99
Checking strainer
Item
Findings
Measure
Strainer
Metallic residues
•
•
•
•
Strainer
Damaged
Fit new part
Square-section ring
Damaged
Fit new part
O-ring
Damaged
Fit new part
Clean
Monitor engine operation
Check strainer daily
Contact Service
Cleaning strainer
1.
2.
3.
Wash strainer (5) with cleaner.
Remove stubborn deposits with soft brush.
Blow out strainer (5) with compressed air from inside.
Installing strainer
Coat square-section ring (4) on strainer (5) with engine oil and install strainer (5).
Coat O-ring (3) with engine oil and fit in filter housing.
Fit cover (2) and secure with screws (1) and washers.
TIM-ID: 0000006402 - 005
1.
2.
3.
100 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.14.3
Cleaning centrifugal oil filter and replacing filter sleeve
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and secured against being restarted.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
WARNING
Qty.
Torque wrench, 6 to 50 Nm
F30027336
1
Cold cleaner (Hakutex 60)
X00056750
1
Filter sleeve
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Sealing ring
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Hot oil.
Oil can contain combustion residues which are harmful to health.
Risk of injury and poisoning!
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Avoid contact with skin.
• Do not inhale oil vapor.
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
TIM-ID: 0000000934 - 012
WARNING
Part No.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 101
Cleaning centrifugal oil filter
and replacing filter sleeve
15.
Remove clamp (14).
Undo cover screw (2) and take off cover (1).
Carefully lift rotor (11), allow oil to drain
and remove from housing.
Holding the rotor (11) firmly, release rotor
cover nut (3).
Take off rotor cover (4).
Remove filter sleeve (6).
Measure thickness of oil residues on filter
sleeve (6).
If the oil residues exceed the maximum layer thickness of 45 mm, shorten the service
interval.
Dismantle rotor tube (7), conical disk (8)
and rotor base (10).
Wash rotor cover (4), rotor tube (7), conical
disk (8) and rotor base (10) with cold
cleaner.
Blow out with compressed air.
Check sealing ring (9), fit new one if necessary.
Assemble rotor tube (7), conical disk (8)
and rotor base (10) together with sealing
ring (9).
Insert new filter sleeve (6) in rotor tube (7)
with the smooth paper surface facing the
wall.
Check sealing ring (5), fit new one if necessary.
Mount rotor cover (4) and sealing ring (5).
16.
Tighten rotor cover nut (3) to the specified torque using torque wrench.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Result:
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Name
Size
Nut
Type
Lubricant
Tightening torque
35 Nm to 45 Nm
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Place rotor (11) in housing (12) and check for ease of movement.
Check sealing ring (13), fit new one if necessary.
Fit sealing ring (13) on housing (12).
Fit cover (1).
Tighten cover screw (2) by hand.
22.
Fit clamp (14) and tighten to the specified torque using torque wrench.
Name
Size
Clamp
23.
Type
Value/Standard
Lubricant
Tightening torque
Value/Standard
8 Nm to 10 Nm
Tighten cover screw (2) to the specified torque using torque wrench.
Name
Screw
Size
Type
Tightening torque
102 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Lubricant
Value/Standard
5 Nm to 7 Nm
TIM-ID: 0000000934 - 012
1.
2.
7.15 Coolant Circuit, General, High-Temperature Circuit
7.15.1
Engine coolant – Level check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications (A001061/..) are available.
WARNING
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Checking engine coolant level at filler neck:
1.
2.
3.
Turn breather valve on coolant expansion tank counterclockwise to the first stop and allow pressure to
escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Check engine coolant level (coolant must be visible at the bottom edge of the filler neck's cast eye).
Checking engine coolant level at
remote cooler:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check engine coolant level (coolant must
be visible at marker plate).
Top up engine coolant if necessary
(→ Page 106).
Check and clean breather valve.
Place breather valve on filler neck and
close.
Checking engine coolant level via level sensor:
Switch on engine control system and check readings on the display.
Top up engine coolant if necessary (→ Page 106).
TIM-ID: 0000000937 - 012
1.
2.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 103
7.15.2
Engine coolant – Change
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Coolant
Engine coolant change
Drain engine coolant (→ Page 105).
Fill with engine coolant (→ Page 106).
TIM-ID: 0000000036 - 031
1.
2.
104 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.15.3
Engine coolant – Draining
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
WARNING
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Preparatory steps
1.
2.
Provide a suitable receptacle to catch the coolant.
Switch off preheating unit.
Engine coolant – Draining
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open drain valves and/or drain plugs and
drain coolant at the following points:
• at HT coolant pump elbow
• on crankcase, left and right sides.
• at preheating unit
Close all open drain points.
Position breather valve on filler neck and
close.
TIM-ID: 0000000936 - 005
5.
6.
Turn breather valve of filler neck on coolant expansion tank counterclockwise to first stop and allow
pressure to escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Draw off separated corrosion inhibitor oil in expansion tank through the filler neck.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 105
7.15.4
Engine coolant – Filling
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications (A001061/..) are available.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Engine coolant
WARNING
NOTICE
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Cold coolant in hot engine can cause thermal stress.
Possible formation of cracks in the engine!
• Fill / top up coolant only into cold engine.
Preparatory steps
1.
TIM-ID: 0000006715 - 003
2.
Turn breather valve of filler neck on coolant
expansion tank counterclockwise to first
stop and allow pressure to escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
106 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Filling with coolant using a
pump
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Connect appropriate pump with hose to
drain valve.
Open drain valve and pump coolant into engine at 0.5 bar minimum.
Fill expansion tank until overflow edge is
reached.
Close drain valve.
Check proper condition of breather valve
and clean sealing faces if required.
Place breather valve on filler neck and
close.
Start engine (→ Page 32).
After 10 seconds of running the engine
without load, shut down the engine
(→ Page 34).
Turn breather valve of filler neck on coolant
expansion tank counterclockwise to first
stop and allow pressure to escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Check coolant level (→ Page 103) and top
up engine coolant as required:
a) Fill in coolant in expansion tank until
the coolant level at top edge of filler
neck remains constant.
b) Place breather valve on filler neck and
close.
c) Repeat the steps from "Start engine"
(→ Step 7) until coolant is no longer
needed to be topped up.
d) Disconnect pump and hose.
Filling with coolant through filler neck
1.
TIM-ID: 0000006715 - 003
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Alternatively: Fill in coolant in expansion tank via filler neck until coolant level at top edge of filler neck
remains constant.
Check proper condition of breather valve and clean sealing faces if required.
Set breather valve onto filler neck and turn until the first stop.
Start engine (→ Page 32).
After 10 seconds of running the engine without load, shut down the engine (→ Page 34).
Turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Check coolant level (→ Page 103) and top up engine coolant as required:
a) Repeat the steps from "Start engine" (→ Step 4) until coolant is no longer needed to be topped up.
b) Check proper condition of breather valve and clean sealing faces if required.
c) Place breather valve on filler neck and close.
Final steps
1.
2.
Start the engine and run it without load for some minutes.
Check coolant level (→ Page 103) and top up engine coolant as required.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 107
7.15.5
DANGER
WARNING
Engine coolant pump – Checking pressure relief port
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Only run the engine at low power. Keep away from the engine's danger zone.
A high level of noise is produced when the engine is running.
Risk of damage to hearing.
• Wear ear defenders.
Engine coolant pump – Checking
pressure relief port
1.
2.
3.
TIM-ID: 0000000961 - 010
4.
Check pressure relief port for oil and coolant discharge.
Shut down engine (→ Page 34) and secure
against being restarted, observe general
“Maintenance and Repair” safety instructions.
Clean the pressure relief port with a wire if
it is dirty.
• Permissible coolant discharge rate: up to
10 drops per hour.
• Permissible oil discharge rate: up to 5
drops/hour.
If discharge exceeds the specified limits:
Contact Service.
108 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.15.6
Engine coolant – Sample extraction and analysis
Preconditions
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications (A001061/..) are available.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
MTU test kit
DANGER
WARNING
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
5605892099/00
1
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Only run the engine at low power. Keep away from the engine's danger zone.
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
A high level of noise is produced when the engine is running.
Risk of damage to hearing.
• Wear ear defenders.
Engine coolant – Sample extraction and analysis
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
TIM-ID: 0000000938 - 008
6.
With the engine running, open drain
valve (1).
Flush sample-extraction point by draining
approx. 1 liter coolant.
Drain approx. 1 liter coolant into a clean
container.
Close drain valve (1).
Using the equipment and chemicals in the
MTU test kit, examine coolant for:
• Antifreeze concentration
• Corrosion inhibitor concentration
• pH value.
For engine coolant changing intervals
(→ MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications (A001061/..)).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 109
7.15.7
Engine coolant filter – Replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
WARNING
Part No.
Qty.
Filter wrench
F30379104
1
Engine oil
Coolant filter
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Engine coolant filter – Replacement
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
TIM-ID: 0000006858 - 009
6.
Close shutoff cocks (1).
Remove engine coolant filter (2) with filter
wrench.
Clean the sealing surface on the connecting piece.
Coat gasket on new engine coolant filter
with engine oil.
Screw on engine coolant filter and tighten
hand-tight.
Open shutoff cocks (1).
110 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.16 Low-Temperature Circuit
7.16.1
Charge-air coolant – Level check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specifications (A001061/..) are available.
WARNING
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Checking charge-air coolant level at filler neck:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Turn breather valve on coolant expansion
tank counterclockwise to the first stop and
allow pressure to escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Check coolant level (coolant must be visible at marking plate).
Top up coolant if necessary (→ Page 114).
Check proper condition of breather valve,
clean sealing faces if required.
Fit breather valve and close it.
Checking charge-air coolant level by means of level sensor:
1.
TIM-ID: 0000000042 - 007
2.
Switch on engine control system and check display (coolant level is automatically monitored by engine
control system).
Top up coolant if necessary (→ Page 114).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 111
7.16.2
Charge-air coolant – Change
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Coolant
Charge-air coolant – Change
Drain charge-air coolant (→ Page 113).
Fill with charge-air coolant (→ Page 114).
TIM-ID: 0000000041 - 011
1.
2.
112 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.16.3
Charge-air coolant – Draining
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Sealing ring
WARNING
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Coolant is hot and under pressure.
Risk of injury and scalding!
• Let the engine cool down.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
Charge-air coolant – Draining
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Drain residual coolant at intercooler, left
and right side.
Close all drain valves and install drain plugs
with new sealing rings.
Close breather valve of filler neck.
TIM-ID: 0000007021 - 001
8.
Provide an appropriate container to drain
the coolant into.
Turn breather valve of filler neck on coolant
expansion tank counterclockwise to first
stop and allow pressure to escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Draw off precipitated corrosion inhibitor oil
from the expansion tank through filler
neck.
Open drain valve or plug screw and drain
coolant at the LT coolant pump.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 113
7.16.4
Charge-air coolant system – Filling
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑MTU Fluids and Lubricants Specification (A001061/..) is available.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
WARNING
CAUTION
Designation / Use
Part No.
Charge-air coolant
Sealing ring
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Qty.
Engine noise above 85 dB (A).
Risk of damage to hearing!
• Wear ear protectors.
Cold coolant in hot engine can cause thermal stress.
Formation of cracks in components!
• Fill / top up coolant only into cold engine.
Preparatory steps
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000007011 - 001
3.
Turn breather valve of filler neck on coolant
expansion tank counterclockwise to first
stop and allow pressure to escape.
Continue to turn breather valve counterclockwise and remove.
Remove plugs from filling points on the
coolant lines from and to the intercooler.
114 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Charge-air coolant system – Filling
1.
2.
3.
4.
Pour treated coolant via the filling point on
the coolant line from and to the intercooler
and via the filler neck of the expansion
tank until coolant is visible at the marking
plate.
Install plugs with new sealing rings at the
filling points.
Check proper condition of breather valve,
clean sealing faces if required.
Set breather valve onto filler neck and
close it.
Final steps
Start the engine and operate it at idle speed for some minutes.
Check coolant level (→ Page 111).
TIM-ID: 0000007011 - 001
1.
2.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 115
7.16.5
DANGER
WARNING
Charge-air coolant pump – Checking pressure relief port
Rotating and moving engine parts.
Risk of crushing, danger of parts of the body being caught or pulled in.
• Only run the engine at low power. Keep away from the engine's danger zone.
A high level of noise is produced when the engine is running.
Risk of damage to hearing.
• Wear ear defenders.
Charge-air coolant pump –
Checking pressure relief port
1.
2.
3.
TIM-ID: 0000000964 - 005
4.
Check pressure relief port for oil and coolant discharge.
Shut down engine (→ Page 34) and secure
against being restarted, observe general
“Maintenance and Repair” safety instructions.
Clean the pressure relief port with a wire if
it is dirty.
• Permissible coolant discharge rate: up to
10 drops per hour.
• Permissible oil discharge rate: up to 5
drops/hour.
If discharge exceeds the specified limits:
Contact Service.
116 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.17 Engine Mounting / Support
7.17.1
Engine mounting – Check
Engine mounting – Check
Item
Findings
Visually inspect mounts.
•
•
•
•
•
Action
Replace (contact Service).
TIM-ID: 0000015370 - 004
Damage
Brittleness
Deformation
Crack formation
Swelling
visible
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 117
7.18 Belt Drive
7.18.1
Drive belt – Check condition
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
☑Protective cover is removed
Findings
Measure
Drive belt A
Singular cracks
None
Drive belt
Belt is oily, shows signs of overheating
Fit new part (→ Page 124)
Drive belt B
Cracks on entire circumference
Drive belt C
Material broken out
TIM-ID: 0000003740 - 003
Item
118 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.19 Battery-Charging Generator
7.19.1
Battery-charging generator – Removal
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled
WARNING
Heavy object.
Risk of crushing!
• Use appropriate lifting devices and appliances.
Battery-charging generator – Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
TIM-ID: 0000007379 - 001
9.
10.
Remove guard cover.
Label and disconnect electrical cables on
battery-charging generator.
Protect all cables against damage.
Undo nut (3).
Tilt battery-charging generator (1) towards
engine and remove V-belt (5).
Unscrew nut (2) from stud.
Unscrew bolts (4) and carefully remove
battery-charging generator with bracket
and stud
Clean battery-charging generator thoroughly (→ Page 120).
Assemble in reverse order.
Adjust drive belt (→ Page 122).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 119
7.19.2
Battery-charging generator – Check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
WARNING
Compressed air
Risk of injury!
• Do not direct compressed-air jet at persons.
• Wear protective goggles / safety mask and ear protectors.
Battery-charging generator check
Item
Diagnosis
Task
Ventilation area (arrow)
Clean
None
Ventilation area (arrow)
Dirty
Clean
Battery-charging generator cleaning
Dry-clean battery-charging generator only.
Remove thick dirt from battery-charging generator.
Blow out ventilation area (arrow) with compressed air until all dust is cleared.
TIM-ID: 0000007377 - 001
Note:
1.
2.
120 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.19.3
Generator – Cleaning
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
WARNING
WARNING
NOTICE
Part No.
Qty.
Cleaner (Snow-White 11-0)
40460
1
Cleaner (Hakupur 312)
30390
1
Compressed air gun ejects a jet of pressurized air.
Risk of injury to eyes and damage to hearing, risk of rupturing internal organs.
• Never direct air jet at people.
• Always wear safety goggles/face mask and ear defenders.
Cleaner is extremely caustic.
Risk of injury and suffocation!
• Avoid contact with eyes and skin.
• Do not inhale vapors and smoke.
• Do not eat, drink, smoke when working with cleaner.
• Wear protective clothing, gloves, and goggles / safety mask.
• Take measures against electrostatic charging.
Cleaning agents should not be left to take effect for too long.
Damage to components is possible.
• Observe manufacturer's instructions.
Clean generator
Clean generator with compressed air only; do not use any liquids in cleaning process.
Clean all metallic parts with cleaner (Snow-White 11-0), then rinse with cleaner (Hakupur 312).
Blow off all components thoroughly with compressed air.
TIM-ID: 0000007385 - 003
1.
2.
3.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 121
7.19.4
Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt tension adjustment
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Adjusting belt tension
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000000944 - 001
3.
4.
5.
Loosen locknut (2) and screws (1).
Tension drive belt with tensioning nut (3)
and check belt tension (→ Page 123).
Tighten locknut (2).
Tighten screws (1).
Install guard cover.
122 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.19.5
Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt tension check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Belt tension tester
Y4345711
1
Preparatory steps
1.
2.
Remove guard cover.
Check belt condition visually (→ Page 118).
Checking drive belt tension
1.
Fit measuring head (2) on belt-tension tester (3) and hit drive belt (1) with a suitable tool.
2.
Hold belt tension tester over belt drive until the measured value is displayed. For specifications, refer to
table below.
Value for new drive belt
Value for used drive belt
Series 4000
92 Hz to 96 Hz
80 Hz to 84 Hz
If the measured values deviate from the specifications above, adjust drive belt tension (→ Page 122).
TIM-ID: 0000000946 - 001
3.
Application
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 123
7.19.6
Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Drive belt
Note:
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
In the event of drive belt failure during engine operation fit a new drive belt as quickly as possible. Noncompliance with these instructions may lead to severe consequential damage to drive unit and gear
train, since pretension by the drive belt is no longer provided. Therefore, engine operation without drivebelt connection is not allowed.
Battery-charging generator drive
– Drive belt replacement
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
TIM-ID: 0000000965 - 001
7.
8.
9.
10.
Remove guard cover.
Loosen locknut (2) and screws (1).
Release drive belt with tensioning nut (3)
and take off belt.
Clean belt pulleys.
Fit new drive belt.
Tension drive belt with tensioning nut (3)
and check belt tension (→ Page 122).
Tighten locknut (2).
Tighten screws (1).
Install guard cover.
Check belt tension after 30 minutes and
again after 8 hours engine runtime.
124 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.20 Fan Drive
7.20.1
Fan drive – Drive belt tension check / adjustment
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Optibell 2 belt tension tester
Part No.
Qty.
Y4345711
1
Preparatory steps
1.
2.
Result:
Remove protective cover.
Check belt condition visually (→ Page 118).
For drive belt replacement (→ Page 127).
Checking V-belt tension – Rockford S270 fan clutch
1.
2.
Initial assembly at MTU
Initial operation with fan
Re-tensioning
None
60 Hz ±1 Hz
52 Hz ±1 Hz
TIM-ID: 0000040744 - 001
3.
Switch on belt tension tester.
Hold measuring tip of belt tension tester
over belt drive. Tap drive belt (arrow) with a
suitable tool.
Hold belt tension tester over belt drive until
the measured value is indicated.
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 125
Checking V-belt tension – Rockford S370 fan clutch
1.
2.
Switch on belt tension tester.
Hold measuring tip of belt tension tester
over belt drive. Tap drive belt (arrow) with a
suitable tool.
3.
Hold belt tension tester over belt drive until the measured value is indicated.
Initial assembly at MTU
Initial operation with fan
Re-tensioning
36 Hz ±5 Hz
49 Hz ±2 Hz
44 Hz ±2 Hz
Adjusting drive belt tension
2.
3.
4.
Release screws (2) until fan clutch can be
moved.
Tighten stud (1) until the required frequency is achieved.
For Rockford S270 fan clutch:Tighten screws (2) to specified tightening torque.
Name
Size
Type
Screw
M12x60
Tightening torque
Lubricant
Value/Standard
100 Nm +10 Nm
For Rockford S370 fan clutch: Tighten screws (2) to specified tightening torque.
Name
Size
Type
Screw
M16x80
Tightening torque
126 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
Lubricant
Value/Standard
270 Nm +10 Nm
TIM-ID: 0000040744 - 001
1.
7.20.2
Fan drive – Drive belt replacement
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Drive belt
Part No.
Qty.
(→ Spare Parts Catalog)
Preparatory steps
1.
2.
Remove protective cover.
Remove fan.
Replacing drive belt
1.
2.
3.
4.
TIM-ID: 0000007457 - 004
5.
Release screws (2).
Slacken off stud (1) until drive belt can be
removed.
Clean belt pulleys.
Fit new drive belt on belt pulleys, ensuring
that it is not under tension.
Adjust belt tension (→ Page 125).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 127
7.21 Wiring (General) for Engine/Gearbox/Unit
7.21.1
Engine wiring – Check
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Isopropyl alcohol
Part No.
Qty.
X00058037
1
Checking engine wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Result:
Close male connectors that are not plugged in with the protective cap supplied.
Clean dirty connector housings, sockets and contacts using isopropyl alcohol.
Ensure that all sensor connectors are securely engaged.
TIM-ID: 0000000029 - 019
Note:
6.
7.
Check securing screws of cable clamps on engine and tighten loose threaded connections.
Ensure that cables are fixed in their clamps and cannot swing freely.
Check that cable clamps are firm, tighten loose cable clamps.
Replace faulty cable clamps.
Visually inspect the following electrical line components for damage:
• Connector housing
• Contacts
• Sockets
• Cables and terminals
• Plug-in contacts
Contact Service if cable conductors are damaged.
128 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
7.22 Accessories for (Electronic) Engine Governor / Control System
7.22.1
Engine governor and connectors – Cleaning
Preconditions
☑Engine is stopped and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Part No.
Qty.
Connector pliers
F30017884
1
Isopropyl alcohol
X00058037
1
Engine governor and connectors
– Cleaning
1.
2.
3.
Remove coarse dirt from housing surface
with isopropyl alcohol.
Remove dirt from surface of connectors (1), connector sockets and shrink
sleeves (2) using a cloth moistened with
isopropyl alcohol.
Check legibility of cable labels. Clean or replace illegible labels.
Cleaning severely contaminated
connectors on engine governor
1.
2.
TIM-ID: 0000000948 - 011
3.
Use connector pliers (2) to disengage bayonet union nut (4) and withdraw connector (3).
Clean connector housings, connector socket housings (1) and all contacts with isopropyl alcohol.
When connectors, sockets and all contacts
are dry: Fit connectors and check governor
connections (→ Page 130).
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Task Description | 129
7.22.2
Checking engine control unit plug connections
Preconditions
☑Engine shut down and starting disabled.
Special tools, Material, Spare parts
Designation / Use
Connector pliers
Part No.
Qty.
0135315483
1
Checking engine control unit
plug connections
1.
2.
3.
TIM-ID: 0000000949 - 003
4.
Use connector pliers (3) to make certain
that all plug-in connections on engine control unit are securely seated.
Tighten loose bayonet couplings (2) with
connector pliers (3) by turning them clockwise until they latch into place.
Make sure that unassigned sockets are
closed off with cover caps.
Contact Service if bayonet union nut is defective.
130 | Task Description | M015675/06E 2013-04
8 Appendix A
TIM-ID: 0000000858 - 011
8.1 Abbreviations
Abbre- Meaning
viation
Explanation
A/D
Analog/Digital
Transformer: transforms sensor voltages into numeric values
ADEC
Advanced Diesel Engine Controller
Engine management system
AFRS
Air Filter Restriction Sensor
AGR
Abgasrückführung
AL
Alarm
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
Association of American standardization organizations
ATL
Abgasturbolader/Abgasturboaufladung
Exhaust turbocharger/exhaust turbocharging
ATS
Air Temperature Sensor
BR
Baureihe
Series
BV
Betriebsstoffvorschrift
Fluids and Lubricants Specifications, MTU Publication No. A01061/..
CAN
Controller Area Network
Data bus system, bus standard
CDC
Calibration Drift Compensation
Setting of drift compensation in engine governor
with DiaSys
CEL
Stop engine light
1st function: Warning lamp (rectify fault as soon as
possible)
2nd function: Read out fault codes
CKT
Circuit
CLS
Coolant Level Sensor
Monitors coolant level
CM
Current Measurement
Current measured value
CPS
Coolant Pressure Sensor
Monitors coolant pressure
CR
Common Rail
CTS
Coolant Temperature Sensor
Monitors coolant temperature
DDEC
Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls
Engine control system made by Detroit Diesel
DDL
Diagnostic Data Link
Diagnostic lines
DDR
Diagnostic Data Reader
Diagnostic unit
Dia
Sys®
Electronic dialog system
DIN
Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V.
At the same time identifier of German standards
(DIN = “Deutsche Industrie-Norm”)
DL
Default Lost
Alarm: Default CAN bus failure
DOC
Diesel Oxidation Catalyst
Oxidation catalyst upstream of the diesel particulate
filter
DPF
Dieselpartikelfilter
Diesel particulate filter
DT
Diagnostic Tool
Diagnostic unit
ECM
Electronic Control Module
Electronic control unit of the DDEC system
ECU
Engine Control Unit
Engine governor
Exhaust gas recirculation
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix A | 131
Abbre- Meaning
viation
Explanation
EDM
Engine Data Module
Memory module for engine data
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read
Only Memory
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFPA
Electronic Foot Pedal Assembly
Electronic Foot Pedal Assembly
EGR
Exhaust Gas Recirculation
Exhaust gas recirculation
EIL
Engine Ident Label
EMU
Engine Monitoring Unit
Engine monitoring unit
ESCM
Extreme Site Condition Management
Power reduction in the case of extreme site conditions
ETK
Ersatzteilkatalog
Spare Parts Catalog
EUI
Electronic Unit Injector
Electronic Unit Injector
FO
Frequency Output
FPS
Fuel Pressure Sensor
FRS
Fuel Restriction Sensor
FTS
Fuel Temperature Sensor
Monitors fuel temperature
FWCP
Fire Water Control Panel
Governor cabinet
GND
Ground
HD
(HP)
High pressure
HI
High
Alarm: Measured value exceeds 1st maximum limit
value
HIHI
High High
Alarm: Measured value exceeds 2nd maximum limit
value
HT
High Temperature
High temperature
IDM
Interface Data Module
Memory module for interface data
INJ
Injector
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
International umbrella organization for all national
standardization institutes
KGS
Kraftgegenseite
Engine free end in accordance with DIN ISO 1204
KS
Kraftseite
Engine driving end in accordance with DIN ISO 1204
L1
Limit 1
Limit value 1
L2
Limit 2
Limit value 2
LED
Light Emitting Diode
Light emitting diode
LLK
Ladeluftkühlung
Intercooler
LO
Low
Alarm: Measured value lower than 1st minimum limit
value
LOLO
Low Low
Alarm: Measured value lower than 2nd minimum limit value
LSG
Maximum-speed governor
LSU
Lambda Sonde Universal
Universal lambda probe
LT
Low Temperature
Low temperature
MCR
Maximum Continuous Rating
Torque limiting curve
N/A
Not Applicable
ND
Niederdruck
132 | Appendix A | M015675/06E 2013-04
Low pressure
TIM-ID: 0000000858 - 011
Monitors fuel pressure
TIM-ID: 0000000858 - 011
Abbre- Meaning
viation
Explanation
NN
Normal Null
Reference surface for height above sea level
NT
Niedertemperatur
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
OI
Optimized Idle
OLS
Oil Level Sensor
Monitors oil level
OPS
Oil pressure sensor
Monitors oil pressure
OTS
Oil Temperature Sensor
Monitors oil temperature
OT
Oberer Totpunkt
Top Dead Center
PAN
Panel
Control panel
PIM
Peripheral Interface Module
Peripheral interface module
PWM
Pulse Width Modulation
Modulated signal
P-xyz
Pressure-xyz
Pressure measuring point, xyz specifies the measuring point designation
RL
Redundancy Lost
Alarm: Redundant CAN bus failure
SAE
Society of Automotive Engineers
U.S. standardization organization
SD
Sensor Defect
Alarm: Sensor failure
SEL
Stop EngineLlight
1st function: Warning lamp (stop engine and rectify
fault)
2nd function: Read out fault codes
SID
System Identification
SRS
Synchronous Reference Sensor
OT cylinder 1
SS
Safety System / Security Shutdown
Safety system alarm
TBS
Turbocharger Boost Sensor
Monitors charge-air pressure
TCI
Turbo Compressor Inlet
TCO
Turbo Compressor Outlet
TD
Transmitter Deviation
TPS
Throttle Position Sensor
TRS
Timing Reference Sensor
T-xyz
Temperature-xyz
Alarm: Deviation in transmitter values
Temperature measuring point, xyz specifies the
measuring point designation
U_PDU Voltage Power Driver Unit
Solenoid valve output stage supply voltage
UDV
Überdruckventil
Pressure relief valve
UT
Unterer Totpunkt
Bottom Dead Center
VNT
Variable Nozzle Turbine
VSG
Variable-Speed Governor
VSS
Vehicle Speed Sensor
WZK
Werkzeugkatalog
Tool Catalog
ZKP
Zuordnung - Kategorie - Parameter
A number assigned to a parameter describing function and allocation
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix A | 133
8.2 MTU contact persons/service partners
Our worldwide sales network with its subsidiaries, sales offices, representatives and customer service
centers ensures fast and direct support on site and the high availability of our products.
Local support
Experienced and qualified specialists place their knowledge and expertise at your disposal.
For locally available support, go to the MTU Internet site: http://www.mtu-online.com
24h hotline
With our 24h hotline and the outstanding flexibility of our service staff, we are always ready to assist
you – either during operation, for preventive maintenance, corrective work in case of malfunction or
changed operating conditions, or for spare parts supply.
Your contact at Headquarters: Service-support@mtu-online.com
Spare parts service
Fast, simple and correct identification of spare parts for your drive system or vehicle fleet. The right
spare part at the right time at the right place.
With this aim in mind, we can call on a globally networked spares logistics system, a central warehouse
at headquarters and on-site stores at our subsidiary companies, agencies and service workshops.
Your contact at Headquarters:
E-mail: spare.parts@mtu-online.com
Phone: +49 7541 908555
TIM-ID: 0000000873 - 014
Fax: +49 7541 908121
134 | Appendix A | M015675/06E 2013-04
9 Appendix B
9.1 Special Tools
Adapter
Part No.:
F6558528
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.1.1 Engine – Barring manually (→ Page 52)
Part No.:
F30002817
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
(→ Page 69)
Part No.:
F6555766
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.1.1 Engine – Barring manually (→ Page 52)
Allen key
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Barring gear
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix B | 135
Barring gear
Part No.:
F6783293
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.1.1 Engine – Barring manually (→ Page 52)
Part No.:
Y4345711
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.19.5 Battery-charging generator drive – Drive belt
tension check (→ Page 123)
Part No.:
0135315483
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.1.2 Engine – Barring with starting system (→ Page 54)
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.22.2 Checking engine control unit plug connections
(→ Page 130)
Part No.:
F30017884
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.22.1 Engine governor and connectors – Cleaning
(→ Page 129)
Belt tension tester
Connector pliers
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Connector pliers
136 | Appendix B | M015675/06E 2013-04
Cranking tool
Part No.:
F6555766
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.2.1 Endoscopically examining cylinder liner
(→ Page 55)
Part No.:
Y20097353
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.2.1 Endoscopically examining cylinder liner
(→ Page 55)
Part No.:
Y20010128
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
(→ Page 69)
Part No.:
F30379104
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.9.1 Fuel filter – Replacement (→ Page 84)
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.9.4 Auxiliary fuel filter – Replacement (→ Page 87)
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.15.7 Engine coolant filter – Replacement
(→ Page 110)
Endoscope
Feeler gauge
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Filter wrench
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix B | 137
Installation and removal tool for injector
Part No.:
F6790161
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation (→ Page 78)
Part No.:
F30452739
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation (→ Page 78)
Part No.:
5605892099/00
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.15.6 Engine coolant – Sample extraction and analysis
(→ Page 109)
Milling cutter
MTU test kit
Optibell 2 belt tension tester
Y4345711
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.20.1 Fan drive – Drive belt tension check / adjustment (→ Page 125)
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Part No.:
138 | Appendix B | M015675/06E 2013-04
Ratchet
Part No.:
F30027340
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.3.1 Crankcase breather – Oil separator element replacement, diaphragm check and replacement
(→ Page 59)
Part No.:
F30006212
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.1.1 Engine – Barring manually (→ Page 52)
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.2.1 Endoscopically examining cylinder liner
(→ Page 55)
Part No.:
F30452578
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation (→ Page 78)
Part No.:
F30039526
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
(→ Page 69)
Ratchet with extension
Slotted screwdriver
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Socket wrench
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix B | 139
Socket wrench
Part No.:
F30039518
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
(→ Page 69)
Part No.:
-
Qty.:
Used in:
1
4.7 Cleaning the plant (→ Page 36)
Part No.:
F30510423
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
(→ Page 69)
Part No.:
F30047446
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.5.2 Valve clearance – Check and adjustment
(→ Page 69)
Steam jet cleaner
Torque wrench 10-60 Nm
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Torque wrench 60-320 Nm
140 | Appendix B | M015675/06E 2013-04
Torque wrench, 10-60Nm
Part No.:
F30452769
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.3.4 Crankcase breather – Filter element replacement
(→ Page 63)
Part No.:
F30452769
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation (→ Page 78)
Part No.:
F30044239
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation (→ Page 78)
Part No.:
F30027336
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.14.3 Cleaning centrifugal oil filter and replacing filter
sleeve (→ Page 101)
Torque wrench, 10-60 Nm
Torque wrench, 4-20 Nm
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Torque wrench, 6 to 50 Nm
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix B | 141
Torque wrench, 6-50 Nm
Part No.:
F30027336
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.3.1 Crankcase breather – Oil separator element replacement, diaphragm check and replacement
(→ Page 59)
Part No.:
F30452768
Qty.:
Used in:
1
7.7.2 Injector – Removal and installation (→ Page 78)
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
Torque wrench, 60-320 Nm
142 | Appendix B | M015675/06E 2013-04
9.2 Index
Numerics
20V 4000 C22 engine data 24
Cylinder liner – Endoscopic examination 55
A
D
Abbreviations 131
After shutting down the engine 35
Air filter – Replacement 90
Air filter element – Cleaning 89
– Removal and installation 91
Automatic oil filter – Oil filter candles replacement 96
Auxiliary fuel filter – Replacement 87
Designations – Engine sides and cylinders 17
Drive belt – Check condition 118
Dust bowl – Cleaning 89
B
Battery-charging generator – Check 120
Battery-charging generator – Removal 119
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
C
Centrifugal oil filter – Cleaning 101
Charge-air coolant – Change 112
– Level check 111
Charge-air coolant level – Check 111
Charge-air coolant pump – Checking pressure relief port 116
Charge-air coolant system – Filling 114
Charge-air coolant – Draining 113
Connectors – Cleaning 129
Contact persons 134
Coolant – Change 104, 112
– Sample extraction and analysis 109
Coolant filter – Replacement 110
Coolant - charge air – Level check 111
Crankcase breather – Filter element replacement 63
– Cleaning 61
– Diaphragm check 59
– Oil separator element replacement 59
Crankcase breather (open-circuit crankcase ventilation – Filter element cleaning 62
Crankshaft transport locking device – For transport with
flanged-on generator 8
Cylinder – Designation 17
Cylinder head cover – Removal and installation 74
E
ECU 4 alarms 41
Edge-type fuel filter – Draining 86
Engine – Barring manually 52
– Starting in manual mode 32
– Stopping in manual mode 34
– Wiring check 128
Engine coolant – Change 104
– Draining 105
– Filling 106
– Level check 103
– Sample extraction and analysis 109
Engine coolant filter – Replacement 110
Engine coolant pump – Checking pressure relief port 108
Engine governor – Cleaning 129
Engine layout 18
Engine mounting – Check 117
Engine oil – Centrifugal oil filter – Cleaning 101
– Filter sleeve – Replacing 101
Engine oil level – Checking 94
Engine oil – Change 95
Engine sides – Designation 17
Engine wiring – Check 128
F
Fan drive – Drive belt replacement 127
– Drive belt tension check / adjustment 125
Filter replacement – Fuel 87
Filter sleeve – Replacing 101
Firing order 28
M015675/06E 2013-04 | Appendix B | 143
Fuel filter – Replacing 84
Fuel prefilter – Draining 85
Fuel system – Venting 83
G
Generator – Cleaning 121
Grounding device – Carbon brush check 65
Grounding device – Carbon brush replacement 67
H
Hotline 134
HP pump – Filling with engine oil 75
– Relief bore check 76
I
Injector – Installation 78
– Removal 78
– Replacement 77
Instructions and comments on endoscopic and visual examination of cylinder liners 57
Intercooler – Check water drain for coolant leakage and absence of
restrictions 88
Safety regulations – Consumables 14
– Fire prevention 14
– Fluids and lubricants 14
– Important provisions 5
– Maintenance work 11
– Operation 10
– Organizational requirements 6
– Personnel requirements 6
– Repair work 11
– Safety notices, standards 16
– Startup 10
Sensors and actuators – Overview 21
Service indicator – Signal ring position check 92
Service partners 134
Spare parts service 134
Starter – Condition check 93
System – Cleaning 36
T
Transport 7
Troubleshooting 38
V
Valve clearance – Check and adjustment 69
Valve gear – Lubrication 68
M
Main engine dimensions 29
Maintenance Schedule – Maintenance Schedule task reference table [QL1] 37
MTU contact persons 134
O
Oil indicator filter – Check 99
– Cleaning 99
Operational checks 33
Putting into operation – Preparation after extended out-of-service periods (>3
months) 30
Putting the engine into operation – Preparation after scheduled out-of-service-period 31
S
Safety notices, standards 16
Safety regulation – Environmental protection 14
144 | Appendix B | M015675/06E 2013-04
DCL-ID: 0000014250 - 002
P
Download PDF

advertising