M A STE R VO LT
SOLAR
POWE R
SYSTEMS
2008
Power conversion solutions for
grid connected and autonomous solar systems
Light and heat. The power to stay
healthy. The capacity to grow. The sun
is the sustainable source of energy for
life on this planet. And thanks to
modern technology, we can optimise
the output taken from this energy. The
sun is a shining example of efficient
power generation without harming the
environment. Turning solar energy with
the best possible output into electrical
power that comes out of a socket is the
ultimate challenge. And this is where
Mastervolt comes in.
Mastering the
power of the sun
Mastervolt develops and manufactures top-quality power
2
electronics that converts the power of the sun into usable
electrical energy. Equally at home with grid connected
and autonomous applications, Mastervolt is a vital link
in PV systems throughout the world.
3
Mastervolt:
T h e p o w e r o f g l o b a l ex p e r i e n c e
A partner with power
Partnering with Mastervolt brings you all the
A reliable energy supply in all places and at all times. With
benefits of international experience and know how.
this mission, Mastervolt has developed into a leading
Whether standalone or connected to the grid, our
player in a wide range of markets over the past decade.
high-tech equipment is installed throughout the
On a global scale, Mastervolt now plays a key role in the
world by those who value a reliable and sustainable
fields of mobile and maritime power provision, both
energy supply. From isolated villages in Nicaragua to
recreational and professional. And the same applies to
mountain towns in Spain. From new residential
solar energy. Mastervolt offers the craftsmanship,
projects in Germany to the Philippine countryside.
expertise and products you need to turn the power of the
From America to Asia and Australia.
sun into high-quality energy.
Custom-made power:
In close cooperation with local utility companies and
The Sunmaster series
solar module providers, Mastervolt ensures that the
Developed for grid connected applications and
sun’s power is used for the benefit of people. For
offering an exceptionally high efficiency, Mastervolt
the grid connected PV market alone, Mastervolt has
Sunmaster inverters get the most out of solar panels.
an installed base of more than 250,000 solar
Mastervolt:
Switch mode technology makes bulky and heavy
inverters around the world.
Master grid connected inverter systems
transformer technology superfluous. As a result,
Sunmaster inverters are exceptionally compact and
Mastervolt
technology
applies
international
Mastervolt string inverters are integrated in high-tech dual-axis solar tracking systems. These systems increase
lightweight. Monitoring via a PC is standard, and an
standards and conforms to national requirements. In
the production of photovoltaic solar energy by more than 35% compared to fixed installations. The photograph
extensive data logging system is available as an option.
doing so, we ensure safe operation together with
utility companies and installers of on-site photo-
shows recently installed systems in Navarra, Spain, utilizing Sunmaster solar inverters.
voltaic systems.
5
Mastervolt:
Master autonomous power systems
Electrical power supply is the basis for development.
A light allowing a book to be read at night. The power
to operate a refrigerator. The benefits of Mastervolt
stand-alone equipment are seen worldwide, from a
bamboo house in Africa to a rural school in Central
America. This is the other specialty of Mastervolt
equipment: Powering rural locations without a utility
grid connection.
T h e p o w e r o f t e c h n o l o g y,
development and design
Thanks to our range of high tech products, Mastervolt has
become a leading A-brand in the mobile and maritime
markets. And our equipment is an equally essential part of
the fast-growing solar market. Every product is designed
to meet the most stringent requirements. Our research
and development team constantly seeks new ways to
translate
tomorrow's
technology
into
improved
performance today. Every part is designed to play a
The power of comfort and accessibility
reliable role within an electrical power system. And a
regular supply of new innovations offers increased
Mastervolt equipment has proved its worth in daily practice. Each of our products sets a new standard in reliability,
efficiency and output. Practical experience shows the
ease of installation and comfort. Accessible monitoring functions offer a complete overview of performance. Thanks to
power of our approach... Mastervolt is the beating heart
the small dimensions of the Sunmaster, it is easy to find a suitable place for installation. The carefully considered design
of countless solar energy systems.
with a neatly arranged LCD read-out further optimises the user-friendliness.
Clear monitoring functions
Mastervolt data control monitoring facilitates extra output for larger grid
connected solar systems, for example in a housing estate. The monitoring
6
guarantees you optimal control. Poor performance due, for instance, to
No weak links
shading on the roof, is quickly registered. Permanent data monitoring offers
a clear insight into the output per hour, day or year.
Vital functions are controlled with the utmost
precision
by
powerful
microprocessors.
Meticulously developed control electronics
protect the system from malfunctioning.
Smart temperature controlled cooling fans
perform their task in absolute silence.
Each link in a Mastervolt system makes its
own contribution to the overall reliability,
sustainability and user friendliness.
7
The sustainable power of
worldwide service and support
Mastervolt is committed to sustainable relationships as
well as sustainable power. Nowhere is this more apparent
than in our service and support network, which is spread
across more than 50 countries. Setting up a new solar
energy project? Extending or adapting an existing system?
An experienced Mastervolt specialist and system adviser
will be there to help you.
Pr o d u c t i o n a n d c o n t r o l
in your own hands
On-time delivery
As one of the most delicate parts of a PV system, the
Mastervolt inverter or combi is responsible for numerous
At Mastervolt, we take our obligations in terms of meeting
vital functions. These include accurate converting of DC
after-sales guarantees very seriously. Our logistical
array voltage to AC power, providing information on DC
approach is geared towards on-time delivery, regardless
and AC output as well as volts and amps, and system
of the size of your project. In this way, we make sure that
security. Manufactured according to ISO 9001:2000,
our customers can always rely on Mastervolt.
Mastervolt solar inverters meet the highest standards.
8
Every product and component is thoroughly examined
with an ICT computerised test before delivery.
9
Education and training
In addition to the quality of our products,
Mastervolt’s reputation for reliability is also due to a
service network that offers fast local support.
Thanks to a continuous education and training
programme, our dealers are always up to speed with
the latest developments and fully trained to safely
install Mastervolt equipment. Our solar specialists
are dedicated to this sector and will be pleased to
offer you advice and support on any project.
The power of 24-hour service
It is essential that power electronics equipment is
completely reliable. Mastervolt underlines its commitment to this principle by offering a worldwide extended
Solar power conversion &
monitoring solutions
warranty on all products: The Mastervolt Guarantee Plan.
Should an unsolvable breakdown occur, our experts are
ready to assist you 24 hours a day. Wherever you are
Grid connected applications
in the world.
Introduction to grid connected PV systems . . . . . . 12-13
New Sunmaster IP44 series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-15
Power range 1200-7000 Wp, IP44 series . . . . . . . 16-18
Standard data monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Power range 3200-7200 Wp, IP23 series . . . . . . . 20-21
New Sunmaster XL series for
high power PV systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-23
Power range 100-600 Wp, Soladin series . . . . . . . 24-25
Data monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-29
Autonomous systems
Introduction to autonomous PV systems . . . . . . . . 30-31
10
Solar ChargeMaster series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32-33
w w w. m a s t e r v o l t . c o m :
Always up to date
Sine wave inverters, 200 VA - 15 kVA . . . . . . . . . . 34-37
Mastervolt solar inverters offer tailor made power
Sine wave inverter/charger combinations . . . . . . . 38-39
for every configuration, large or small. Leading edge
Automatic battery chargers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-41
A vital part of our communication is the extensive web
technology ensures that the energy supplied by solar
Maintenance free batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-45
site, offering accurate information about products,
cells is of a consistently high quality and optimally
Battery monitoring panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46-47
projects and events. Our extended support area contains
efficient. And our ‘SysCalc’ calculation tool means
Mastervolt communication software . . . . . . . . . . . 48-49
literally all operating manuals, technical and commercial
it couldn’t be easier to choose the right Mastervolt
documents, and software.
inverter for your needs.
Background information
Technical definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50-51
System example - grid connected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Frequently asked questions on PV systems . . . . . . . . . 53
Inverters for grid connection
The most effective and popular PV application is the connection
The Mastervolt inverter is the dynamic heart of any grid
of solar panels to the electricity network. This type of grid
connected PV system. The power conversion system takes place
connected system functions as a miniature power station.
with minimal power loss and maximum reliability, while extensive
Whenever the solar power production is higher than the
system monitoring offers accurate actual and historical data.
consumption, the extra electricity is fed back into the public grid.
Electricity companies pay handsomely for this kWh generation
The products available for these applications are described on
in an increasing number of countries, such as Japan, Germany,
the following pages. The diagram below shows all the ingredients
Italy, Spain, Belgium, the United States and an increasing number
of a grid connected power system.
of countries in the Asia Pacific region.
Sunmaster XS6500
Sunmaster QS3500
Sunmaster QS2000
The heart of any PV system
1
Mastervolt solar inverters convert direct current generated by
There are numerous advantages:
the photovoltaic strings into alternating current and feed it into
• Exceptional efficiency offers high yield scores (even in the par-
the public mains. At the same time they are used for system
tial load range) and minimal standby and night consumption.
monitoring. These extremely compact, easy-to-mount and
• The complete electronics for power conversion fits on a single
lightweight devices offer the highest annual efficiency rates, high
reliability and extensive monitoring functions.
or double circuit board, hence the compact design.
• The cooling requirement is low; cooling is effected by
temperature-controlled and maintenance-free ventilators.
2
5
3
The various models cover a performance range of 100 to 7200
Wp. PV systems with low to very high outputs can be configured
• The output voltage only slightly deviates from the pure sine
wave shape of the grid (THD <3% at nominal load).
flexibly : one input (Soladin 600 and QS2000), two inputs
• The galvanic isolation in the high frequency transformer
(QS3500 and XS6500), three inputs (XL10 and XL15) or even
between DC input and AC output ensures optimised system
four inputs (QS6400) with independent MPP trackers are
safety.
available to which two module strings of the same design can be
12
connected. In addition, two-phase feeding into the mains above
A high capacity microprocessor precisely regulates all inverter
5 kW is possible with the QS6400.
functions, measures all output data and monitors the correct
functioning of the inverter, the connected photovoltaic strings
4
On the output side the devices can be connected in parallel in
and the power grid. The respective data can be shown on an
any desired combination and number. The standard models
optional display or via the integrated communication interfaces.
convert string currents from 7.5 A up to 30 A and string voltages
from 100 to 600 V DC per input with MPP control. The models
DC connection.
DC connection.
Mastervolt solar inverters comply with international standards.
QS3500 and QS6400 Max-I, especially designed for high-current
Country-specific models are supplied with the respective
modules, convert 10 A and 75 to 260 V DC.
nationally approved anti-islanding safety equipment in case of
power failure: in most countries the QS anti-islanding will
AC connection.
Industry leading benefits
comply. For Germany and Austria we deliver the QS solar
inverters as ENS models in full compliance with VDE 0126-1-1.
Basic equipment required for a grid connected system:
1. Solar modules (not provided by Mastervolt).
Mounted in robust aluminium cabinets and designed for use in
In addition, various safety circuits prevent damages or failures
2. Mastervolt solar inverter with integrated kWh meter.
closed rooms, our inverters convert power with the latest high-
caused by incorrect operating conditions.
3. Mastervolt data logger for monitoring (optional).
frequency technology.
4. A kWh meter for the registration of generated and used power (not provided by Mastervolt).
5. Energy consumers in the house (not provided by Mastervolt).
13
Attractive LCD display
with backlight and clear
graphics for optimal
readability.
Menu selection key :
measurements ‘actual’,
‘day’, ‘total’ and
‘system’ information.
The new Sunmaster IP44 series : the new generation of compact,
Source selection key :
data measurements
‘solar 1’, ‘solar 2’, AC grid.
easy to install, high performance grid connect inverters from Mastervolt
With the new Sunmaster IP44 series efficiency and optimum
Failure LED enabling
a fast and secure
trouble shooting.
Our world proven HF transformer technology is as ever built in to
power output are guaranteed even in the most arduous of
a compact housing, making installation simple and quick. Integrated
locations. The IP44 waterproof enclosure allows for installation in
heavy duty DC load switching adds to greater safety and simplicity
most protected outdoor areas. Once connected to the PV modules
in use - this comes standard on all ENS versions. Mastervolt is
in your system the low weight inverter delivers the power! Both
proud to offer you yet another innovative product with the
on a bright midsummer day when it’s 40 °C or more and on a
introduction of a new and advanced LCD display with miniature
cloudy winter morning. Sometimes even in bright moonlight!
data logger - storage of data for up to 30 days - giving you the
Actual reading key :
(W) (V) (Hz) (kWh) etc.
Selection key
historical data.
profitable facts. No more guesswork.
All-weather proof polycarbonate, UV resistant.
Aluminium all-weather
resistant enclosure.
Location for
type sticker.
Excellent access to all inand output connections.
MultiContact DC
string connections.
MC2 Y-adapter set
available upon request
(art. no. 130362900).
Integrated heavy
duty DC switch.
Standard for all
ENS versions,
optional for
remaining models.
Gland for
communication
connection cable
(QS databus).
Mounting bracket
supplied as standard.
Corossion proof
steel metal.
14
15
Easy acces: terminal
connection for AC grid cable.
Connection
compartment.
Gland for AC grid
connection cable.
Sunmaster IP44 range
"I have been focused on further integrating the various
• Sunmaster QS2000
functions of the Sunmaster grid connected solar inverter.
• Sunmaster QS3500
The new Sunmaster IP44
• Sunmaster QS3500 Max-I
HF transformer technology combines ideal
with all PV modules, mono-, poly- and multi
cristalline, thin film and amorphous.
Extremely compact only 15 cm deep!
range is the result of this
process, with a wider application (now also suitable for
• Sunmaster XS6500 offering 5 kW cont. output
protected outdoor use !), user friendliness, smarter
connections and a stunning read-out facility. This is one of
my best designs so far".
Industrial Designer Rob van Opdorp
Smart cooling concept
enables 100% output
power, even at high
(40 °C) ambient
temperatures.
Light weight
and easy to
install : the
XS6500 only
weighs 18 kg!
Sunmaster IP44 product specifications
Extremely efficient - up to 25% more yield
As a result of the advanced switch mode technology applied,
Mastervolt solar inverters have negligible power loss in the DC to
AC conversion process, resulting in a much higher AC power return
QS2000 IP44
QS3500 IP44
QS3500 Max-I IP44
XS6500 IP44
130802000
130803500
130903500
131006500
4 to 6 modules of 72 cells,
6 to 9 modules of 54 cells or
8 to 12 modules of 36 cells
12 to 25 modules of 36 cells,
7 to 17 modules of 54 cells or
6 to 12 modules of 72 cells
to the grid. Even at 5% of nominal power the inverter realizes more
than 90% efficiency. The maximum efficiency is almost 95% which is
Article number
extremely high considering the input to output galvanic isolation.
GENERAL
5 to 9 modules of 72 cells, 7 to 12 modules of 54 cells or
10 to 18 modules of 36 cells
Operating temperature
---------------------------------------------- -20 °C to 50 °C, protected against overtemperature ----------------------------------------------
Storage temperature
-20 to 70 °C
Relative humidity
------------------------------------- max. 95% not condensating; PCB has anti-moisture coating ----------------------------------------------
Protection degree
IP44
IP44
IP44
IP44
Safety degree
Class I
Class I
Class I
Class I
Galvanic isolation
Class II
Class II
Class II
Class II
Dimensions (hxwxd)
471 x 356 x 145 mm
545 x 356 x 145 mm
545 x 356 x 145 mm
725 x 356 x 145 mm
Weight
6 kg
11 kg
11 kg
15 kg
Nominal power
1700 W DC
2750 W DC
2750 W DC
5250 W DC
PV power range
1200 to 2100 Wp
2000 to 3600 Wp
2000 to 3600 Wp
4500 to 7000 Wp
Maximum output
1800 W
2950 W
2950 W
5600 W
MPP tracker*
1 MPP tracker
2 MPP trackers
2 MPP trackers
2 MPP trackers
MPP voltage range
100 to 380 V DC
100 to 380 V DC
75 to 260 V DC
180 to 480 V DC
Maximum voltage
450 V DC
450 V DC
325 V DC
600 V DC
Nominal rated current
7.5 A
2x 7.5 A
or 1x 15 A
2x 10 A
or 1x 20 A
2x 15 A
or 1x 30 A
Start-up power
2W
4W
4W
8W
String connections
1
2x 1
2x 1
DC connector
-------------------------------------- MultiContact connectors or glands + PCB spring terminals, 4 mm -----------------------------------
-20 to 70 °C
-20 to 70 °C
EU efficiency
94.5%
-20 to 70 °C
Efficieny in %
Typical string length
SOLAR INPUT (DIRECT CURRENT)
AC output rating.
Higher yield due to HF technology,
especially at partial load.
Mastervolt inverter.
Other inverter.
2x 1
2
GRID OUTPUT (INVERTER)
16
Voltage
--------------------------------------- 230 V AC (184 to 265 V, depending on model), single phase --------------------------------------------
Nominal output at 45 °C
1600 W
2600 W
Maximum output
1725 W
2750 W
2750 W
5250 W**
Maximum current
8A
13 A
13 A
25 A
Frequency
----------------------------------------------- 50 Hz (48 to 52 Hz, depending on model/setting) ------------------------------------------------
Power factor
0.99
Harmonic distortion (THD)
---------------------------------------------- <3% at rated load; in compliance with IEEE p929 ------------------------------------------------
Standby power
0W
0W
0W
< 0.5 W
European efficiency
94%
94%
94.5%
95%
Maximum efficiency
95%
95%
95%
AC connection
------------------------------------------------- PG 13.5 gland + screw terminals, 2.5 to 4 mm -------------------------------------------------
0.99
2600 W
5000 W**
0.99
* Dynamic; two string connections each are connected in parallel.
** In Germany 4600 W, single phase.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 5-year product warranty • worldwide service • 48-hour replacement service
> 0.99
96%
2
17
Sunmaster IP44 product specifications
Basic monitoring as standard
SAFETY DEVICES
The Mastervolt communication modules offer a flexible, reliable
The software for reading out the data under Microsoft Windows
General
galvanic separation between DC and AC side, by means of a class II HF transformer
and user-friendly possibility to permanently monitor your grid-
is available free of charge in the Download & Support section of
Island protection
• ENS models : redundant impedance, voltage and frequency window monitoring;
independent switch off by two pole relay and solid state switch;
VDE V 0126-1-1:2006 compliant.
connected photovoltaic system, also from a remote location.
our website under www.mastervolt.com.
Temperature protection
DC side protection
This ensures a constant overview of the solar power yield and all
important system data. When a value is no longer within the
The Data Control Basic programme gives a schematic overview
• QNS models: redundant voltage and frequency window monitoring;
independent switch off by two pole relay and solid state switch.
specified limits, you can quickly take corrective actions. External
of the PV system’s performance, including:
• UK models: software-controlled frequency adjustment according to G83.
energy counters are not required. The modules Data Control
power derating at T ambient >40 °C;
switch off at T indoor >90 °C
Basic, Data Control Premium II and Data Control Pro offer
• Power and operational hours over a ten-day period.
different functional possibilities extending from the display of the
• Voltage, current and load of the solar panels (current values).
• earth fault detection
current systems data on the optional display to the web-based
• Voltage, current and frequency of the 230 V grid (current
• over-voltage detection
remote monitoring and visualisation.
values).
• polarity protection (diodes)
AC side protection
Reclosure time
• Internal temperature, total power (kWh), total hours of
• current limitation
Data Control Basic
operation.
• transients (varistor and buffer capacitor)
(standard for the Sunmaster range)
• Read out of the number of returned amperes (output side).
• overload (temperature controlled power derating)
Every Sunmaster model comes as standard with an integrated
• Grid voltage, current and frequency (output side).
• current limitation
RS485 communication interface and a ten-day power output
• Read out of the temperature of the Sunmaster, total output in
• over and undervoltage
memory. This makes the entire PV system interactive, with the
kWh, status of operational hours.
• over and underfrequency
option of reading the most essential information using your PC or
• Current status and error messages.
• short circuit (ceramic fuse)
laptop. All that is required to connect the Sunmaster with your
• transients / surge (varistors)
computer is a communication cable and PC link (adapter plug).
For our extended monitoring program see page 26 to 29.
10 to 300 s (model dependent)
MONITORING
On the front
integrated LCD display
External communication
two RS485 connections to connect to the QS databus
Optional monitoring accessories
• Data Control Basic: software for PC
• QS PC-Link: PC adapter for QS databus
• Data Control Premium II: data logger and PC local/remote monitoring/
internet connection
• Data Control Professional : data logger and PC local/remote monitoring/
internet connection using current weather data or optional sensors
REGULATIONS & DIRECTIVES
18
CE conformity
yes
EMC directive
EMC 89/336/EEC
Emission
EN 50081-1, EN 55011, EN 55014, EN 55022, VDE 0871 class B
Harmonics
EN 61000-3-2, IEEEp929, Flicker:61000-3-3
Immunity
EN 50082-2
LV directive
73/23/EEC
Electrical safety
EN 60950 / ENS:VDE 0126 / UK: G83-2003 certification
19
Basic monitoring via the PC,
Data Control Basic-Software.
PC-Link (optional),
art. no. 130391010.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 5-year product warranty • worldwide service • 48-hour replacement service
Sunmaster QS6400 IP23 product specifications
SAFETY DEVICES
QS6400
Generic article no.
General
galvanic separation between DC and AC side, by means of a class II HF transformer
Island protection
• ENS models: redundant impedance, voltage and frequency window monitoring;
independent switch off by two pole relay and solid state switch; VDE V 0126-1-1:2006 compliant.
• QNS models: redundant voltage and frequency window monitoring;
independent switch off by two pole relay and solid state switch.
Temperature protection
power derating at T ambient >40 °C; switch off at T indoor >90 °C
DC side protection
• earth fault detection
• polarity protection (diodes)
• transients (varistor and buffer capacitor)
• over-voltage detection
• current limitation
• overload (temperature controlled power derating)
AC side protection
• current limitation
• over and underfrequency
• transients / surge (varistors)
• over and undervoltage
• short circuit (ceramic fuse)
Reclosure time
10 to 300 s (model dependent)
QS6400 Max-I
130606400
130706400
see the Mastervolt price list for the specific country versions and article numbers
GENERAL
Typical string length
5 to 9 modules of 72 cells,
7 to 12 modules of 54 cells or
10 to 18 modules of 36 cells
4 to 6 modules of 72 cells,
6 to 9 modules of 54 cells or
8 to 12 modules of 36 cells
Operating temperature
-20 °C to 50 °C, protected against high temperatures
Storage temperature
-20 °C to 70 °C
Relative humidity
max. 95% not condensating; PCB has anti-moisture coating
-20 °C to 70 °C
MONITORING
On the front
six LEDs for indication of power and system diagnosis
External communication
two RS485 connections to connect to the QS databus
Monitoring (optional)
•
•
•
•
•
Protection degree
IP23
IP23
Safety class
class I
class I
Galvanic isolation
class II
class II
Dimensions (hxwxd)
476 x 315 x 254 mm
476 x 315 x 254 mm
Weight
14 kg
14 kg
Nominal power to 40 °C ambient temp.
5500 W or 4870 W DC*
5500 W or 4870 W DC*
All Sunmaster solar inverters have been approved by local authorities, which is an indispensible guarantee for safe and reliable
PV power range
3200 to 7200 Wp
3200 to 7200 Wp
functioning. The certificates in the Download & Support Area of our www.mastervolt.com website represent some of the documents
Maximum DC power
5900 W
5900 W
we have obtained, allowing trouble-free use in the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, the Scandinavian countries,
MPP Tracker (dynamic)
4 MPP trackers
4 MPP trackers
Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Korea.
MPP voltage range
100 to 380 V DC
75 to 260 V DC
Maximum voltage
450 V DC
325 V DC
Nom. rated current
4x 7.5 A
or 2x 15 A
4x 10 A
or 2x 20 A
SOLAR INPUT (DC)
QS display: integrated LCD (standard for ENS models)
Data Control Basic: software for PC (shareware from www.mastervolt.com)
QS PC-Link: to connect the QS databus to the PC
Data Control Premium II: datalogger and software with telephone and modem dial-up facilities
Data Control Professional: datalogger using meteo data from the internet
Certificates
Start-up power (power drawn from the solar side) 8 W
21
10.5
294
10.5
8W
String connections
4x 2
4x 2
DC connector
glands + PCB spring terminals 4 mm max. or MultiContact connectors
2
GRID OUTPUT (AC)
20
Voltage
21
230 V (184 to 265 V, depending on the model), single or double phase
Nom. AC power
5200W or 4600 W*
5200 W or 4600 W*
Max. AC power
5500W or 4600 W*
5500 W or 4600 W*
Current (fused)
2x 12 A
2x 12 A
Frequency
50 Hz (48 to 52 Hz, depending on the model)
Power factor
0.99
THD
<3% @ rated load; in compliance with IEEE p929
Stand-by power
0 W (DC voltage controlled relay)
European efficiency
94%
94.5%
Maximum efficiency
95%
96%
AC connector
gland with PCB spring terminals
405.5
475.5
0.99
34
282
254
* Limited to 4600 W AC (4870 W DC) in case of ENS and one-phase feeding; two-phase feeding with 5200 W AC (5500 W DC) possible.
315
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 5-year product warranty • worldwide service • 48-hour replacement service
Dimensions QS6400 and QS6400 Max-I, in mm.
New Sunmaster XL series for high power PV systems
Sunmaster XL product specifications
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Description
integrated 3-phase solar inverter, consisting of one IP55 Outdoor enclosure and 3 power modules.
Enclosure and modules to be shipped separately.
Operating temperature
-20 °C to 60 °C ambient, full power up to 45 °C ambient air temperature, derating -3%/°C above 45 °C
Protection degree
IP55 enclosure (PCB protected against humidity and condensing air by coating)
Safety class
class I (metal housing with earth connection)
Galvanic isolation
class II (safety transformer)
Weight
135 kg (96 kg enclosure + 3x 13 kg modules)
Dimensions (hxwxd)
1200 x 580 x 480 mm (with legs: 1408 x 638 x 480 mm)
Connections
power module: DC input is fitted with MC2/4mm connectors / AC output fitted with 100 cm AC cable /
2 RS485 communication ports. Enclosure: mounting positions prepared for 2x 50 cm DIN rail (not included).
SOLAR INPUT (DC)
Model XL10
Model XL15
Recommended PV power range
9 to 13 kWp
14 to 20 kWp
Maximum input power
11.200 W DC
16.800 W DC
Continuous power @ 45 °C
10.650 W DC
15.975 W DC
Start-up power
3x 10 W
3x 10 W
Operating voltage
100 to 550 V DC; nominal 400 V DC
100 to 600 V DC; nominal 400 V DC
MPP voltage range @ nom. power
180 to 480 V DC
180 to 480 V DC
Maximum voltage
600 V DC
600 V DC
Number of inputs
3
3
Rated current
3x 15 A
3x 30 A
MPP tracker
3 MPP trackers with 99,9% MPP efficiency (Fraunhofer algorithm)
DC connectors
6 Multi Contact II connectors
6 Multi Contact II connectors
Voltage
230 V AC three phase
230 V AC three phase
Power
10.000 W nominal / 10.500 W maximum
15.000 W nominal / 15.750 W maximum
Nominal current
3x 15 A
3x 22 A
Frequency
50 Hz models: 48 to 52 Hz programmable / 60 Hz models: 57 to 63 Hz programmable
Power factor
> 0,99 at full power
Harmonic distortion
THD < 3% at full power
THD < 3% at full power
Stand-by power
<5W
<5W
Efficiency
EU: 95% @ Unom. / maximum 96%
EU: 95% @ Unom. / maximum 96%
AC connector
AC and DC glands on detachable plate in bottom of connection compartment. Power modules supplied
with 3x 4 mm 2 cable. DIN rail, connection equipment, fuses, terminal blocks etc. not included.
Fuse
Internal PCB fuse in power modules
GRID OUTPUT (AC)
> 0,99 at full power
Internal PCB fuse in power modules
SAFETY DEVICES
The most recent development is a new high power solar inverter
22
with a power rating between 10 and 15 kW AC.
General
galvanic separation between DC and AC side by means of class II HF transformers
Island protection
An AC fault in any of the phases will disable all three power modules.
Redundant voltage and frequency window monitoring (QNS). Independent cut-off by means of
2 pole relay and solid state switch (ENS) according to VDE 0126-1-1:2006.
Safety devices DC side
• DC-to-earth isolation resistance monitoring • DC over-voltage detection (LED warning
and switch off) • DC inverse polarity protection (diodes) • DC current limiting by up-shifting
operating voltage • transients (varistors and buffer capacitor) • overload (power limiting and
temperature controlled power derating)
Safety devices AC side
• AC current limiting • DC current injection protection • short circuit (ceramic fuse)
• transients / surge up to 4 kV (varistors)
Reclosure time
wait 10 to 300 s (model dependant) after AC grid fault
The new Sunmaster XL models are delivered in a waterproof
IP55 enclosure which can be installed in either a grid connected
solar tracker system or a stationary PV system. The inverter
consists of three highly efficient switch mode power modules of
3.3 or 5 kW power rating each, dependent on the model.
The unit has an operating DC voltage window of 100-600 V DC.
Galvanic isolation is provided by class II high frequency trans-
SYSTEM INFORMATION / DIAGNOSTICS / COMMUNICATION
formers.
The output voltage is 230 V AC three-phase, 50 Hz. Islanding
User interface
6 status LED’s on each power module
External communication
2 surge protected RS485 connections.
Max. 10 XL units can be connected to 1 Data Control Pro datalogger.
protection is foreseen according to local standards. Extended
diagnostics and remote monitoring is delivered as a standard.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 5-year product warranty • worldwide service • 48-hour replacement service
REGULATIONS AND DIRECTIVES
CE Conformity
yes
EMC Directive
EMC 89/336/EEG
Emmision
EN 55022
Harmonics
EN 61000-3-2, IEEE 1547
Dips, variations, flicker
EN 61000-4-11 ; EN 61000-3-3
Immunity
EN 61000-6-2
LV directive
73/23/EEG
Electrical safety
EN 60950
Anti-islanding
VDE 0126-1-1:2006
23
Soladin 600 & Windmaster 500 product specifications *
Article no. Soladin 600 (solar energy)
130000600 (Italy: 130000610 / Spain: 130000620 / UK: 130000630)
Article no. Windmaster 500 (wind energy)
140000500
Sun & Wind applications
GENERAL
Work temperature / storage temperature
-20 °C to 40 °C / -20 °C to 70 °C
Relative humidity
max. 95% not condensating
Protection degree / safety class
IP23 / class II
Dimensions (hxwxd)
365 x 143 x 76 mm
Weight
2 kg
Casing
plastic (ABS)
SOLAR INPUT (DC)
Power
535 W nominal / 600 W maximum
PV power
160 to 700 Wp
MPP voltage
40 to 125 V DC
Maximum voltage
155 V DC
Nom. rated current
8A
Starting up power
1 W DC @ 40 V DC
DC connection
MultiContact 4 mm
GRID OUTPUT (AC)
Voltage
230 V (184 to 265 V, programmable)
Maximum power
2.25 A
Fuse
3.15 A slow
Frequency**
50 Hz (49,8 to 50,2 Hz)
Cos phi
0.99
Zero load
<0.05 W AC
European output / max. output
91% / 93%
AC connection
Euro socket
READ OUT FUNCTION
ACCESSORIES
42
DIMENSIONS IN MM
5
Indicator
two LEDs, yellow and red
Correct working
flashes yellow (speed of flashing is in relation to the power generated)
Malfunction grid or inverter
red (6 different flashing codes)
Easy to connect
kWh meter,
art. no. 130500560.
365
Island protection: monitoring of voltage and frequency frame, disconnects within 100 ms. ENS not available.
Protection of peak capacity: automatic control, dependent on the temperature of the converter, by raising the Vmpp.
It is impossible to damage the converter with too much power.
25
Temperature protection: reducing the power in case of a higher temperature of the converter, will disconnect above 80 °C.
DC polarity protection: DC connection is protected (MC connectors can be damaged).
NORMS
PC-Link with 6 metre cable, for system
and unit monitoring on the computer,
art. no. 130391030.
CE
yes
EMC guideline
EMC 89/336/EEC
Emission
EN 50081-1
Harmonisation
EN 61000-3-2
Immunity
EN 50082-2
LV guideline
LV 73/23/EEC
Safety
EN 60950
64
5
24
244
PROTECTIONS
143
76
Front view of the
Soladin 600 with clearly
visible the intelligent
LED human interface.
Side view.
71.5
71.5
Rear view installation bar
delivered as standard.
* Products developed for countries where an ENS circuit is not required. Fitted with QNS anti-islanding as standard.
** UL versions not available. 240 V/60 Hz available upon request.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 5-year product warranty • worldwide service • 48-hour replacement service
Soladin 600 Wizard software,
for monitoring on the computer
(freeware from www.mastervolt.com).
Data monitoring : Data Control Premium II
As a follow-up to the successful ‘Premium’ model for medium-
Interfaces
Specifications Data Control Premium II
sized systems, the new Premium II offers numerous new
All inputs and outputs you may wish for are included as standard:
Data registration module for Sunmaster QS
and XS systems.
functions and an extended operating range. Based on the Data
Control Professional concept, it provides a functional scope
• QS Databus interface for six QS inverters or 30 kW maximum.
previously only found in extremely large systems. Professional
• Analogue input (0-10V) for irradiation sensor (Mastervolt
quality at a reasonable price : A unique offer!
temperature-compensated sensor available as option).
• Digital output for alarm connection or large-size display.
Two Premium II versions are available for different fields of
• Integrated power pack.
applications.
• Ethernet port (Premium II Local).
Premium II Local with incorporated Ethernet (network)
for
integrated
analogue
model
(Premium II Remote).
Applications:
Data registration
• Data transmission to PC/port, directly or via network/
A QS data interface connects all inverters with the Premium II
evaluation via Premium II PC software.
data registration unit. Up to six inverters can be connected. The
connection/evaluation via the Mastervolt portal.
130396100
Dimensions (hxwxd)
90 x 160 x 73 mm (6 TE)
90 x 160 x 73 mm (6 TE)
Installation
hat rails
hat rails
Mode of protection
IP20
IP20
Temperature range
0 °C to 55 °C
0 °C to 55 °C
Power pack 230 V
internal
internal
Voltage supply (sensors)
yes, 24 V
yes, 24 V
Analogue (irradiation)
1
1
Digital (kWh counter)
1
1
Outputs (alarm, large-size display)
1
1
RS485 (QS Databus)
1 (6 WR / 30 kW)
1 (6WR / 30 kW)
Ethernet (network / PC)
1
–
Modem (analogue)
–
1
Internet portal
yes
yes
PC software
yes
yes
E-mail (via network)
yes
yes
SMS
no
yes
Fax
no
yes
Visual
yes
yes
Acoustic
option
option
VOLTAGE SUPPLY
interface.
• Data transmission via internet with the existing ADSL
130396000
HOUSING
Versions
connection
Premium II Remote (Modem)
Article number
• Digital input for kWh counter.
• Telephone
Premium II Local (Ethernet)
Premium II data logger continuously communicates with all
connected inverters and saves all current measured values and
system data every 10 minutes. The device offers a large data
Premium II Remote with integrated analogue modem.
memory for values measured over a period of up to three years
Applications:
(depending on the configuration).
• Remote data transmission to PC, evaluation via Premium II PC
software.
INPUTS / OUTPUTS
INTERFACES / COMMUNICATION
DATA READOUT
• Remote data transmission via the Mastervolt server, evaluation
via the Mastervolt portal.
ALARM FUNCTION
26
27
Recorded values
Remote, installers can dial in via an internet or modem
In addition to energy, irradiation and operating hours numerous
connection and assess in advance what has to be done.
additional measured values are recorded:
Evaluation
• Energy yield and operating hours.
An additional PC can be
connected to the data logger.
• Total
energy
yield
and
total
operating
hours
(since
commissioning).
• Voltage, current and power output of the connected solar
modules.
The collected
data is sent to
the internet.
Data Control Premium II.
Data inquiry and evaluation is via a PC. The connection to the
Data Control Premium II Local is optionally established via direct
or network connection. The Premium II Remote can be
optionally evaluated via the data telecommunication (modem)
• Voltage, current, frequency and impedance of the 230 V mains.
connection or worldwide via the Mastervolt Internet Portal. Five
• Current internal temperature of the inverter.
years free access to the Mastervolt Internet Portal is included in
• Power currently supplied to the mains.
the price. There is only an initial charge payable for setting up
• Serial number, communication address, inverter number.
your system in the portal.
• Current status and fault messages (e.g. overvoltage, ENS
A QS data port connects all the
inverters with the data logger.
switch off, over-temperature).
Monitoring/alarm function
The cause of any failure can be easily determined and the fault
Email, fax, SMS, visual, acoustic (optional).
remedied with the additional operating data. With Premium II
The connected inverters are automatically detected.
Internet data monitoring : Data Control Pro
The Data Control Professional data logger provides monitoring,
Data Control Pro specifications
read outs and alarm warnings via the internet. During the day,
the data logger extracts information on power output directly
from up to 20 Sunmaster inverters via the QS data port. This
eliminates the need for external kWh meters. Overnight, the
collected data is sent to a web page, from which it can later be
accessed from anywhere in the world using a log in code.
Exceptionally accurate weather prediction data is used to assess
the output of the PV system. An important advantage of the
system is the link from the local monitoring to the weather
registration of Meteomedia in Germany. An external reference
Data logger Data Control Pro
Integrated modem
analogue
ISDN
GSM
Art. no. 1303.96.2xx
xx = 00
xx = 10
xx = 20
INTERFACES
Input analogue
4 (0 to 20 mA, 0 to 10 V)
Input digital
4 (meters / status)
Bus connection
1 (RS485)
Internet connection
Ethernet
Alarm output
24 V DC / 230 V AC, 2
Data Control Pro 230 V - GSM modem,
art. no. 130396220.
ELECTRICAL DATA
cell is not required.
Should the Sunmaster inverters report a system fault or the solar
yield not conform to the expected specified value, an alarm
routine of the Safer Sun Programme is activated. According to
the settings, an alarm is triggered on site at the device itself or a
warning message is sent by email, fax or SMS. This superior
monitoring method ensures a high availability of the recording
device, which in turn enables a large number of systems to be
monitored.
Grid connection
230 V AC
Power
2 W (max.)
MECHANICAL DATA
Dimensions (hxwxd)
90 x 160 x 73 mm
Mounting
hat rail mounting
Protection degree
IP20
Accessories Data Monitoring
Data Control Basic
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Operating temp.
0 °C to 55 °C
Storage temp.
-20 °C to 65 °C
Data logger
all current measured values and
system data of the inverters
MINIATURE WEB SERVER
Data recording and evaluation with Safer’Sun:
• Automatic daily data recording with high resolution
• Evaluation per day, month and year
• Graphic data display
• Alarm messages via fax, SMS, email
• Automatic comparison with the actual, regional irradiance data
• Worldwide access through the Internet
PC-Link,
art. no. 130391010.
Model RS485/USB ISO,
art. no. 130391040.
Model RS485/232 converter,
art. no. 130391020.
PC-Link Industrial, for the connection of more than 10 Sunmasters or 25 mtr connection cable.
Data Control Premium II & Data Control Pro
Online visualising of energy
production during one day
compared to the sun irradiation
based on current online
weather data by Safer’Sun.
28
29
DC Pro irradiance sensor 0 to 10 V,
temp. compensated, art. no. 130394410.
DC Pro irradiance and temperature sensor
0 to 10 V, art. no. 130394400.
Data Control Pro 230 V-ISDN
in enclosure, art. no. 130396310.
DC Pro ambient temperature sensor
0 to 10 V, art. no. 130394420.
Documentation CD Data Control Pro,
includes user manual, installation
information and drawings.
PT100 converter,
art. no. 130394440.
Data Control Pro.
The collected
data is sent to
the internet.
A QS data port connects all the
inverters with the data logger.
Electrical power systems for absolute independence
Solar modules are eminently suitable as a source of energy also
Mastervolt inverters and combis deliver 230 V/50 Hz or 120 V/60
in areas where the electricity network is unreliable or
Hz sine wave power for lamps, refrigerators, computers, tools,
nonexistent. Any extra power generated is stored in an energy
water pumps and various other appliances.
buffer - the battery - and the optional monitoring system helps
keep track of power consumption.
Dakar and Mass Combi models incorporate an advanced three-
Mastervolt offers a wide range of sine wave inverters and combis
small diesel or petrol generator. This system guarantees you
that convert raw electricity generated by PV or wind generators
genuine independence from the electricity company and ensures
into a clean and stable, universally applicable AC voltage.
a high quality power supply.
stage battery charger for use on cloudy days by connecting a
1
Mass Combi inverter/charger models.
The best choice for
autonomous PV systems
3
2
4
7
Mastervolt offers a wide range of highly efficient sine wave
Features:
inverters and inverter/charger combinations, ranging from 250 W
• Switch mode technology (Mass models).
to 15 kW. In this brochure we have listed our Mass Sine
• Extremely efficient and minimal heat loss.
standalone solar inverter, Mass Combi inverter/charger and the
• Exceptionally quiet.
recently upgraded Dakar Combi series. All product ranges are
• Easy to mount in a central IP54 or IP65 cabinet.
designed to operate in harsh environments with high ambient
• High peak power (200%) offered by a build-in soft start to
temperatures. We also highlight our maintenance-free lead
handle inductive loads smoothly.
batteries and battery chargers, which are ideal for quickly and
• Pure sine wave output under all load circumstances.
completely charging the batteries using a diesel or petrol
• Power factor corrected battery charger: accepts almost any
generator.
type of generator (Mass Combi models).
• 3-Step
30
charge method ensures the fastest and most complete
recharge.
Mastervolt Combi:
Complete range:
5
6
Combination of functionalities
• Output capacity ranging from 250 W to 15 kW.
• Available for both 230 V/50 Hz and 120 V/60 Hz.
• Conversion of battery power to 230 V/50 Hz or 120 V/60 Hz
sine wave power.
• Battery charging in case generator or utility power is available.
• Automatic load switching from generator or utility to inverter.
DC connection.
AC connection.
• Programmable: all system variations can be selected by
MasterAdjust software.
Equipment needed for autonomous, grid independent systems:
1. Solar modules (not provided by Mastervolt).
2. Battery charge regulator with MPP tracker.
3. Mastervolt sine wave inverter/charger (e.g. Mass Combi).
4. System monitoring.
5. Back-up generator.
• Energy management by means of advanced monitoring through
6. Mastervolt deep cycle batteries for power storage
(AGM or gel).
7. Energy consumers in the house (not provided by
Mastervolt).
remote panel and/or PC.
• Can be stacked to double the power.
• Available in 12, 24 and 48 V DC.
• Perfectly compatible with existing systems.
• Pure sine wave output: protection of your appliances and
trouble-free operation.
• Simple and extremely safe installation.
• Available as complete system, including batteries.
31
Mastervolt advanced solar charge controller
Description of functions
Load management
In normal operation the loads can be switched on and off by
Mastervolt is pleased to announce its latest product release, the
Adding an advanced solar controller is fitting entirely into the
• The charge controller protects the battery from being
Solar ChargeMaster range, offering a 20 and a 40 A solar charge
famous Mastervolt system approach which is now becoming
overcharged by the solar array and from being discharged too
controller. This range has been developed using Mastervolt's 16
reality in the autonomous solar field as well.
years of excellent expertise in the field of battery charging
technologies.
deeply by the load.
• The charge controller adjusts itself automatically to 12 V or
Mastervolt developed the Solar ChargeMaster series to
pushing the button. This is indicated in the display.
24 V system voltage.
Advance features
Low voltage disconnect function: The solar charge controller
guarantee an optimum charging process with cost efficiency. This
• Pushbutton to switch the load on and off.
has multiple modes to protect the battery from being discharged
The Solar ChargeMaster was designed specifically to meet the
highly advanced equipment converts unstable current from the
• The charge controller can be programmed for lighting
and is factory programmed to the following load settings;
needs of rural solar electrification and small PV systems for tele-
solar panels into accurate charge current.
com, remote cabins, weekend homes, and RV/ caravans and
The 3-step charging method guarantees that batteries will be
• Many safety and display functions.
Nighlight timer function: The controller comes with a
boats.The new product range is a welcome addition to
charged safely and efficiently under all circumstances.
• Negative ground.
sophisticated nightlight function. It controls the load output at
• Battery type presets.
night. The controller recognizes day and night based on the solar
• Equalization charge selecteable.
open circuit voltage. In the programming menu this day and night
Mastervolt's already extended portfolio, which includes a wide
variety of maintenance free batteries, sine wave inverters and
A battery temperature sensor is standard, designed to regulate
inverter/charger combinations, amp hour counters, battery
the optimum charge voltage at each temperature, to prolong the
chargers and DC-AC distribution components.
lifespan of the battery.
applications.
disconnect at 11.4 V up to 11.9 V.
threshold setting can be modified according to the requirements
Display mode
of the local conditions and solar array used (management for
In normal operation mode the controller displays the state of
Streetlights).
charge (available energy) of the battery. Any change of the state
Advanced programming function: The controller has an
of charge (SOC) to a lower status is additionally signaled
advanced programming mode for the setting of advanced
acoustically. The display percentage corresponds to the available
features. Battery setting, low voltage disconnect setting,
energy until Low Voltage Disconnect in relation to a fully charged
nightlight function and enable of acoustic alarm can be set to
battery.
customers demands. The setting can be secured and locked by
As long as the solar array supplies enough voltage to charge the
the programming lock-mode.
battery, this is indicated by up-moving bars alternately to the
state of charge display.
Solar ChargeMaster product specifications
32
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 5-year product warranty • worldwide service • 48-hour replacement service
SCM-N 20
SCM-N 40
Article no.
131802000
131804000
Charge current
20 A
40 A
Max. DC load
20 A
40 A
System voltage
12/24 V auto detect
12/24 V auto detect
DC grounding
negative ground
(the negative terminals are connected internally)
No load
< 4 mA
Functions LCD display
------ battery status/V/A/charge & discharge ------
< 4 mA
Connections
screw terminal
Settings
--- load/disconnect, 3-step charging algorithm ---
screw terminal
Dimensions (hxwxd)
41 x 140 x 105
41 x 140 x 105
Protection degree enclosure
IP20
IP20
Weight
189 gr
189 gr
33
Overview sine wave inverters - AC Master range
AC Master
12/200
AC Master
12/350
AC Master
24/200
AC Master
24/350
Article no. 230 V - continental European socket CEE-7/7
28010200
28010350
28020200
28020350
Article no. 230 V - IEC-1 socket
28010201
28010351
28020201
28020351
Article no. 120 V/60 Hz - US socket NEMA 5-15
n.a.
28510350
n.a.
n.a.
Nominal battery voltage
12 V
12 V
24 V
24 V
Nom. power T amb = 40 °C, cos phi 1
200 VA
350 VA
200 VA
350 VA
Peak load
400 VA
700 VA
400 VA
700 VA
Output waveform
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
Max. efficiency
90%
90%
93%
89%
Output voltage
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%*
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
Frequency
------------------ 50 Hz, ±0.005% (60 Hz selectable)* -------------------
------------------ 50 Hz, ±0.005% (60 Hz selectable)* -------------------
Dimensions (hxwxd)
74 x 152 x 242 mm
74 x 152 x 242 mm
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
74 x 152 x 242 mm
74 x 152 x 242 mm
Weight
1.65 kg
1.85 kg
1.65 kg
1.85 kg
Protection degree
IP21
IP21
IP21
IP21
Min. battery capacity
>50 Ah
>80 Ah
>25 Ah
>40 Ah
Switch off voltage low battery
10.5 V, ±0.5 V
10.5 V, ±0.5 V
21 V, ±0.5 V
21 V, ±0.5 V
Switch on voltage low battery
11 V, ±0.5 V
11 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
Switch off voltage high battery
16 V, ±1 V
16 V, ±1 V
32 V, ±1 V
32 V, ±1 V
Switch on voltage high battery
15.5 V, ±1 V
15.5 V, ±1 V
31 V, ±1 V
31 V, ±1 V
Max. allowable riple on DC
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
Input current (nom. load)
23 A
38 A
15 A
25 A
• Off mode
0 mA
0 mA
0 mA
0 mA
• ‘high power’ mode (230 V)
0.8 A / 9.6 W
0.8 A / 9.6 W
0.5 A / 12 W
0.5 A / 12 W
DC fuse required (slow blow)
30 A
40 A
20 A
30 A
Min. DC cable size
supplied
supplied
supplied
supplied
Harmonic distortion typical
3%
3%
3%
3%
Cooling
---------------------------- conventional / forced ----------------------------
---------------------------- conventional / forced ----------------------------
Cos Phi
-------------------------- all power factors allowed --------------------------
-------------------------- all power factors allowed --------------------------
Operating temperature specified
(will meet specified tolerances)
-------------------- full spec 0 °C to 40 °C ambient temperature, 40 °C to 60 °C
derating with 5% /°C. Shutdown @ 80 °C heat sink temperature. --------------
Practical operating temperature
(may not meet specified tolerances)
--------------------------- -25 °C to 40 °C ambient temperature, 40 °C to 60 °C
derating with 5%/°C. Shutdown @ 80 °C heat sink temperature. ---------------
Relative humidity
--------------------- Max. 95%, non condensing; protected against humidity and
condensing air by conformal coating on both sides of all PCB’s. -----------------
Standard and Approvals
-------------------------------- CE, E-marking --------------------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
No load power consumption :
34
-------------------------------- CE, E-marking --------------------------------
* 120 V model: 120 Volt, ±5% / 60 Hz, ±0.005%.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 2-year product warranty • worldwide service • pure sine wave power • galvanic isolation
35
Overview sine wave inverters - Mass Sine range
Mass Sine
12/500*
Mass Sine
12/800
Mass Sine
12/1200
Mass Sine
12/2000
Mass Sine
24/800
Mass Sine
24/1500
Mass Sine
24/2500
Mass Sine
24/5000
Mass Sine
24/10kVA
Mass Sine
24/15kVA
Mass Sine
48/2500
Article no. 230 V
26010510
24010800
24011200
24012000
24020800
24021500
24022500
24095100
24026000
24027000
24042500
Article no. 120 V**
27010510
n.a.
25011000
25012000
n.a.
25021000
25022500
25024000
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Nominal battery voltage
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
24 V
24 V
24 V
24 V
24 V
24 V
48 V
P30 power T amb = 25 °C, cos phi 1
500 VA
800 VA
1200 VA
2000 VA
800 VA
1500 VA
2500 VA
5000 VA
10 kVA
15 kVA
2500 VA
Nom. power T amb = 40 °C, cos phi 1
450 VA
650 VA
1000 VA
1800 VA
650 VA
1200 VA
2000 VA
4000 VA
8 kVA
13 kVA
2000 VA
Peak load
1000 VA
1600 VA
2400 VA
4000 VA
1600 VA
2900 VA
5000 VA
10000 VA
20 kVA
30 kVA
5000 VA
Output waveform
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
true sine
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Max. efficiency
91%
92%
92%
92%
92%
92%
92%
90%
92%
92%
92%
Output voltage
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
Frequency
----------------------- 50Hz, ±0.005% (also available in 60Hz) ----------------------
-------------------------------------------------- 50Hz, ±0.005% (also available in 60Hz) ---------------------------------------------------
Dimensions in mm (hxwxd)
313 x 187 x 82
325 x 220 x 111
Weight
3.4 kg
Minimum battery capacity
>100 Ah
10 V, ±0.5 V
10 V, ±0.5 V
325 x 220 x 111
340 x 261 x 130
420 x 318 x 130
340 x 261 x 130
420 x 318 x 130
475.5 x 318 x 254 2x C4 + C5***
3x C4 + C5***
420 x 318 x 130
3.9 kg
6 kg
9.4 kg
3.9 kg
6 kg
>100 Ah
>150 Ah
>200 Ah
>50 Ah
>150 Ah
9.7 kg
19 kg
44 kg
55 kg
9.7 kg
>200 Ah
>400 Ah
>500 Ah
>800 Ah
>100 Ah
10 V, ±0.5 V
10 V, ±0.5 V
19 V, ±0.5 V
19 V, ±0.5 V
19 V, ±0.5 V
19 V, ±0.5 V
19 V, ±0.5 V
19 V, ±0.5 V
36 V, ±0.5 V
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Switch off voltage low battery
Switch on voltage low battery
11 V, ±0.5 V
11 V, ±0.5 V
11 V, ±0.5 V
11 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
22 V, ±0.5 V
44 V, ±0.5 V
Switch off voltage high battery
15.5 V, ±0.5 V
15.5 V, ±0.5 V
15.5 V, ±0.5 V
15 V, ±0.5 V
31 V, ±0.5 V
33 V, ±0.5 V
33 V, ±0.5 V
33 V, ±0.5 V
32 V, ±0.5 V
33 V, ±0.5 V
62 V, ±0.5 V
Switch on voltage high battery
14.5 V, ±0.5 V
14.5 V, ±0.5 V
14.5 V, ±0.5 V
14.5 V, ±0.5 V
30 V, ±0.5 V
31 V, ±0.5 V
31 V, ±0.5 V
31 V, ±0.5 V
31 V, ±0.5 V
31 V, ±0.5 V
59 V, ±0.5 V
Max. allowable ripple on DC
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
5% RMS
Input current (nominal load)
23 A
38 A
42 A
68 A
34 A
70 A
120 A
240 A
4x 120 A
6x 120 A
60 A
• stand-by mode
43 mA/0.5 W
65 mA/0.8 W
43 mA/0.5 W
50 mA/0.6 W
35 mA/0.8 W
25 mA/0.6 W
25 mA/0.6 W
n.a.
<10 W, 412 mA
<10 W, 412 mA
13 mA/0.7 W
• ‘low energy’ mode (208 V)
300 mA3.6 W
410 mA/4.9 W
420 mA/4.5 W
420 mA/5 W
200 mA/4.9 W
180 mA/4.5 W
225 mA/5.4 W
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
110 mA/5.4 W
• ‘high power’ mode (230 V)
325 mA/3.9 W
470 mA/5.6 W
450 mA/5 W
480 mA/6 W
240 mA/5.6 W
200 A/5 W
250 A/6 W
250 mA/6 W
150 W
180 W
125 mA/6 W
DC fuse required (slow blow)
100 A
100 A
120 A
240 A
63 A
100 A
160 A
2x 160 A
4x 160 A
6x 160 A
Minimum DC cable size
16 mm
Harmonic distortion typical
3%
3%
3%
3%
3%
3%
3%
3%
2.5%
2.5%
3%
AC connection (single phase, 3-wire)
IEC-1
internal
internal
internal
internal
internal
internal
internal
internal
internal
internal
Cos Phi
------------------------------- all power factors allowed -------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------- all power factors allowed ------------------------------------------------------------
Model C4-RI
(art. no. 70404110)
-------------------- remote control on/off for Mass Sine inverter --------------------
------------------------------------------------ remote control on/off for Mass Sine inverter ------------------------------------------------
Masterlink/MICC
---------------------------------------- battery consumption meter, 12/24 V DC with LCD readout,
remote control for Mass Sine inverter and battery charger or Mass Combi -------------------------------------------------
n.a.
System Manager MICC
(art. no. 70400115)
----------------------------------- battery consumption meter, 12/24 V DC with LCD readout and
LED bar, comprehensive remote control for Mass Sine inverter and Mass charger -----------------------------------------
n.a.
No load power consumption:
36
2
25 mm
2
50 mm
2
70 mm
2
16 mm
2
25 mm
2
50 mm
2
2x 50 mm
2
4x 50 mm
2
6x 50 mm
100 A
2
50 mm 2
OPTIONS
MasterBus Inverter Interface (art. no. 77030700) ------ suitable for all Mass Sine inverters, available from April 2008 onwards ----Universal connection cables for the remote controls: • 6 metre - art. no. 6502001030 • 10 metre - art. no. 6502100100 • 15 metre - art. no.
Transfer system
------ the Masterswitch and Systemswitch can be connected to all inverters -----
--------------------------------- suitable for all Mass Sine inverters, available from April 2008 onwards --------------------------------6502100150
--------------------------------- the Masterswitch and Systemswitch can be connected to all inverters ----------------------------------
* Also available for 48 V, art. no. 48/500: 24040500.
** 15% load reduction for the 120 V/60 Hz models.
*** C4 enclosure = 460.6 x 318 x 143 mm, C5 enclosure = 475.5 x 318 x 254 mm (hxwxd).
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 2-year product warranty • worldwide service • pure sine wave power • galvanic isolation
37
Overview sine wave inverter/charger combinations: Mass Combi series
Mass Combi
12/1200-60
Mass Combi
12/2000-100
Mass Combi
12/2500-125
Mass Combi
12/4000-200
Mass Combi
24/1200-35
Mass Combi
24/2000-60
Mass Combi
24/2500-75
Mass Combi
24/4000-100
Article no. 230 V/50 Hz
36011205
36012005
available April 2008
36014005
36021205
36022005
available April 2008
36024005
Article no. 120 V/60 Hz
n.a.
37012005
37014005
n.a.
37022005
DC input voltage (nominal)
12 V (10 to 15 V)
12 V (10 to 15 V)
12 V (10 to 15 V)
12 V (10 to 15 V)
24 V (20 to 31 V)
24 V (20 to 31 V)
Continuous power @ 25˚ C
1200 VA - 5.3 A
2000 VA - 8.7 A
2500 VA - 10.9 A
3750 VA - 16.5 A
1200 VA - 5.3 A
2000 VA - 8.7 A
2500 VA - 10.9 A
3750 VA - 16.5 A
Surge capability (5 sec., resistive)
2400 VA - 10.5 A
4000 VA - 17.5 A
5000 VA - 21.8 A
7500 VA - 32 A
2400 VA - 10.5 A
4000 VA - 17.5 A
5000 VA - 21.8 A
7500 VA - 32 A
Parallel use (to double the power)
no
yes
yes
no
no
yes
yes
no
Parallel with shore/generator (for more power)
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
Output voltage, adjustable via MasterAdjust software
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
230 V, ±5%
Frequency
--------------------- 50 Hz, ±0.003% (60 Hz selectable) ---------------------
---------------------------------------------------- 50 Hz, ±0.003% (60 Hz selectable) -----------------------------------------------------
Output waveform
true sine wave
true sine wave
true sine wave
true sine wave
true sine wave
true sine wave
true sine wave
true sine wav
Max. efficiency
92%
92%
92%
92%
92%
92%
92%
92%
No load consumption 230 V
<9 W
<9 W
<9 W
<9 W
<9 W
<9 W
<9 W
<9 W
Search mode consumption + setting range
0.5 W - 40/150 VA
0.5 W - 40/150 VA
0.5 W - 40/150 VA
1 W - 40/150 VA
0.5 W - 40/150 VA
0.5 W - 40/150 VA
0.5 W - 40/150 VA
1 W - 40/150 VA
Dimensions in mm (hxwxd)
371 x 318 x 143
460.5 x 318 x 143
460.5 x 318 x 143
460.5 x 318 x 266
371 x 318 x 143
460.5 x 318 x 143
460.5 x 318 x 143
460.5 x 318 x 266
Weight
7.8 kg
11 kg
11 kg
21 kg
7.8 kg
11 kg
11 kg
21 kg
37024005
SINE WAVE INVERTER - SPECIFICATIONS
24 V (20 to 31 V)
24 V (20 to 31 V)
AUTOMATIC BATTERY CHARGER - SPECIFICATIONS
Input voltage nominal
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
230 V (180 to 265 V)
Frequency
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
Max. charge rate (adjustable)
60 A @ 14.25 V
100 A @ 14.25 V
125 A @ 14.25 V
200 A @ 14.25 V
35 A @ 28.5 V
60 A @ 28.5 V
75 A @ 28.5 V
120 A @ 28.5 V
Primary AC consumption (full charge)
1000 VA - 4.4 A
1635 VA - 7.2 A
2045 VA - 8.9 A
3270 VA - 14.4 A
1170 VA - 5.1 A
1965 VA - 8.5 A
2455 VA - 10.7 A
3900 VA - 17 A
Charge voltage @ 25 °C (bulk/float)
14.25/13.25 V
14.25/13.25 V
14.25/13.25 V
28.5/26.5 V
28.5/26.5 V
28.5/26.5 V
28.5/26.5 V
28.5/26.5 V
Battery type settings
------------------- open lead / gel / traction / AGM / spiral -------------------
--------------------------------------------------- open lead / gel / traction / AGM / spiral --------------------------------------------------
Second charge output, 3-step
5A
2x 5 A
Temperature sensor for the battery
-------- delivered as standard with 6 metre cable and telejack plug --------
---------------------------------------- delivered as standard with 6 metre cable and telejack plug ---------------------------------------
Max. current first output
50 A
50 A
50 A
50 A
50 A
50 A
50 A
50 A
Max. current shortbreak / inverter output
25 A
25 A (35 A @ 120 V)
50 A
25 A (35 A @ 120 V)
25 A
25 A
50 A
25 A (35 A @ 120 V)
Transfer time
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
Harmonic distortion (typical)
<5%
<5%
<5%
<5%
<5%
<5%
<5%
<5%
Temperature range
---------- according specifications: 0 to 25 °C, thereafter derating ----------
----------------------------------------- according specifications: 0 to 25 °C, thereafter derating -----------------------------------------
Grounding
-------------------------- yes, adjustable by DIP switch -------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------- yes, adjustable by DIP switch --------------------------------------------------------
Forced air cooling
--------------------------- maintenance free vario fans --------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------- maintenance free vario fans ---------------------------------------------------------
Listings
---- fully CE and E-marking according Automotive Directive 95/54/EG ----
------------------------------------ fully CE and E-marking according Automotive Directive 95/54/EG -----------------------------------
5A
5A
5A
5A
2x 5 A
DOUBLE POLE TRANSFER SYSTEM
38
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
REMOTE CONTROL AND MONITORING
Remote ICC
(art. no. 70405000)
optional
delivered as standard
option: MasterView
Indication of DC consumption, charge phase, failure and AC availability. With on/off/
delivered as standard
optional
’charger only’ switch. Standard equipped with 6 metre cable.
delivered as standard
option: MasterView
delivered as standard
Remote APC
(art. no. 70405010)
optional
optional
option: MasterView
Indication of AC consumption, AC voltage and the fuse value of the shore/generator
optional
connection.
optional
option: MasterView
optional
Masterlink/MICC
(art. no. 70403105)
optional
optional
option: MasterView
Battery consumption meter, 12/24 V DC with LCD readout and remote control for
optional
optional
Mass Sine inverter and battery charger or Mass Combi.
optional
option: MasterView
optional
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan
• 2-year product warranty • worldwide service • Mastervolt 3-step charging method • pure sine wave power • galvanic isolation
optional
39
Overview battery chargers - IVO & Mass range
IVO Smart
12/10 - IP65
IVO Compact
12/25-3
Mass
12/60-2
Mass
12/80-2
IVO Smart
24/6 - IP65
Mass
24/50-2
Mass
24/100-C
Mass
24/100-3ph
Mass
48/25
Mass
48/50
43011000
43012500
40010600
40010800
43020600
40020500
40021005
40031000
40040250
40040500
Nominal input voltage
230 V (180 to 250 V)
120/230 V (auto*)
--------- 230 V (180 to 250 V) ---------
-------------------- 230 V (180 to 250 V) --------------------
3x400 V (360 to 485 V) ------- 230 V (180 to 250 V) --------
Nominal output voltage
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
24 V
24 V
24 V
48 V
48 V
Total charge current
10 A
25 A
60 A
80 A
6A
50 A
100 A
100 A
25 A
50 A
Number of battery outlets
1
3
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
Charge current second (third output)
n.a.
25 A (3 A)
3A
3A
n.a.
3A
optional, 3 A
optional, 3 A
n.a.
n.a.
Charge characteristic
--------------------------------- IUoUo, automatic / 3-step
Charge voltage Bulk @ 25 °C
14.40 V
14.40 V
14.25 V
14.25 V
28.80 V
28.50 V
28.50 V
28.50 V
57.0 V
57.0 V
Charge voltage Absorption @ 25 °C
14.25 V
14.25 V
14.25 V
14.25 V
28.50 V
28.50 V
28.50 V
28.50 V
57.0 V
57.0 V
Charge voltage Float - wet @ 25 °C
13.25 V
13.25 V
13.25 V
13.25 V
26.50 V
26.50 V
26.50 V
26.50 V
53.0 V
53.0 V
Charge voltage Float - gel/AGM @ 25 °C
13.80 V
13.80 V
13.80 V
13.80 V
27.60 V
27.60 V
27.60 V
27.60 V
55.2 V
55.2 V
Max. absorption time
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
6 hours
Min. absorption time
15 min.
15 min.
15 min.
15 min.
15 min.
5 min.
15 min.
15 min.
15 min.
15 min.
Dimensions in mm (hxwxd)
180 x 121 x 50
228 x 153 x 82
340 x 261 x 130
340 x 261 x 130
180 x 121 x 50
340 x 261 x 130
420 x 318 x 130
420 x 318 x 130
340 x 261 x 130
420 x 318 x 130
Weight
1 kg
1.8 kg
4.6 kg
4.6 kg
1 kg
4.6 kg
7.7 kg
7.7 kg
4.6 kg
7.7 kg
Battery capacity (recommendation)
25 to 150 Ah
50 to 300 Ah
120 to 600 Ah
160 to 800 Ah
25 to 100 Ah
100 to 500 Ah
200 to 1000 Ah
200 to 1000 Ah
50 to 250 Ah
100 to 500 Ah
Power factor regulation
>0.95
0.99
>0.95
>0.95
>0.95
>0.95
>0.95
>0.95
>0.95
>0.95
Full load consumption (230 V AC)
170 W
440 W
1100 W
1400 W
210 W
1800W
3500 W
3500 W
1800 W
3500 W
n.a.
-30 mV/°C
-30 mV/°C
-30 mV/°C
n.a.
-60 mV/°C
-60 mV/°C
-60 mV/°C
-120 mV/°C
-120 mV/°C
Article no.
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
---------------------------------
24 V
-------------------------------------------------------- IUoUo, automatic / 3-step
--------------------------------------------------------
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Temperature compensation
40
(by means of a sensor)
Temperature range
-------- 0 °C to 60 °C, fully safeguarded against overheating and short circuiting --------
------------------------------- 0 °C to 60 °C, fully safeguarded against overheating and short circuiting ------------------------------
Cooling
natural cooling
vario fan
vario fan
vario fan
natural cooling
vario fan
vario fan
vario fan
vario fan
vario fan
Protection degree
IP65
IP21
IP23
IP23
IP65
IP23
IP23
IP23
IP23
IP23
Approvals
generic emission and interference standard: EN 55014-1:1993, generic harmonic current emiselectrical fast transients: EN 61000-4-4:1995, surge transient: EN61000-4-5:1995, conducted
sions: EN61000-3-3:1995, generic & safety accreditations immunity standard: EN 55014-2:1997, electrostatic discharge: EN 61000-4-2:1995,
radio frequency interference: EN61000-4-6:1996, voltage dips: EN 61000-4-11:1994
OPTIONS
41
Remote CC
(art. no. 70405030)
n.a.
yes**
yes
yes
Indication of charge phase, charge current and battery charger operation.
n.a.
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
Model C4-RB
(art. no. 70404100)
n.a.
n.a.
yes
Monitoring panel for Mass and IVO battery charger.
n.a.
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
Model C3-RS
(art. no. 70403040)
n.a.
yes
yes
yes
Remote monitor for battery chargers, with control for reducing shore power consumption.
n.a.
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
Masterlink/MICC
(art. no. 70403105)
n.a.
yes
yes
yes
Battery consumption meter, 12/24 V DC with LCD readout and remote control for Mass Sine
n.a.
yes
inverter and battery charger or Mass Combi.
yes
yes
n.a.
n.a.
System Manager MICC
(art. no. 70400115)
n.a.
n.a.
yes
yes
Battery consumption meter, 12/24 V DC with LCD readout and LED bar. Comprehensive remote
n.a.
yes
control for Mass Sine inverter and Mass charger.
yes
yes
n.a.
n.a.
MasterAdjust communication connection***
QRS232
QRS232+RS485
QRS232
QRS232+RS485
QRS232+RS485
QRS232
QRS232
yes
QRS232
Universal connection cables for the remote controls: • 6 metre - art. no. 6502001030 • 10 metre - art. no. 6502100100 • 15 metre - art. no.
QRS232
QRS232
6502100150
* Autoranging: operates on 120 V and 230 V, charge current reduction at 120 V: 20 to 30%.
** T-connection necessary to connect both temperature sensor and remote CC, art. no. 21730200.
*** Galvanic isolation RS485 communication port.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan
• 2 year product warranty • worldwide service • Mastervolt 3-step
charging method • galvanic isolation
Overview Mastervolt maintenance-free batteries
• 12 V AGM batteries: sealed batteries with glass fibre technique. For cyclic application.
These batteries are extremely suitable for use in solar and back up power applications.
• 12 V gel batteries: sealed batteries with electrolyte in a gel substance. For intensive cyclic application.
Mastervolt batteries can be shipped by air freight, ‘non-hazardous’ declaration available on request.
• 2 V gel batteries: extremely durable, absolutely maintenance-free batteries. For larger systems with intensive deep cycle application.
AGM 12/55
12 V
AGM 12/70
12 V
AGM 12/90
12 V
AGM 12/130
12 V
AGM 12/160
12 V
AGM 12/225
12 V
AGM 12/270
12 V
MVG 12/25
12 V gel
MVG 12/55
12 V gel
MVG 12/85
12 V gel
MVG 12/120
12 V gel
MVG 12/140
12 V gel
MVG 12/200
12 V gel
Article no.
62000550
62000700
62000900
62001300
62001600
62002250
62002700
64000250
64000550
64000850
64001200
64001400
64002000
Nominal voltage
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
Capacity C20*
55 Ah
70 Ah
90 Ah
130 Ah
160 Ah
225 Ah
270 Ah
25 Ah
55 Ah
85 Ah
120 Ah
140 Ah
200 Ah
Dimensions, lxwxh in mm
(excl. poles)
257 x 132 x 200 348 x 167 x 178 330 x 173 x 212 410 x 177 x 225 485 x 170 x 242 522 x 240 x 218
522 x 268 x 220
164 x 173 x 126
253 x 133 x 208
330 x 171 x 214
475 x 178 x 195
475 x 210 x 195
475 x 265 x 216
Dimensions, lxwxh in mm
(incl. poles)
257 x 132 x 207 348 x 167 x 181 330 x 173 x 237 410 x 177 x 228 485 x 170 x 245 522 x 240 x 241
522 x 268 x 243
167 x 176 x 126
261 x 136 x 230
330 x 171 x 236
513 x 189 x 223
513 x 223 x 223
518 x 274 x 238
Weight
17 kg
21.5 kg
28 kg
37 kg
42.3 kg
63.5 kg
73 kg
9.6 kg
19 kg
32.6 kg
41 kg
49 kg
70 kg
Max. installation angle
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
180°
Cold starter current DIN
492 A
617 A
885 A
1249 A
1518 A
1980 A
2239 A
110 A
230 A
270 A
450 A
540 A
630 A
Cold starter current SAE
562 A
705 A
1012 A
1425 A
1722 A
2261 A
2557 A
175 A
380 A
450 A
760 A
920 A
1100 A
Short circuit current
(IEC 60896-21)
1500 A
1620 A
2700 A
2000 A
3500 A
3650 A
4400 A
583 A
1403 A
2018 A
2475 A
3132 A
3606 A
Guarantee period
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
2 year
* C20 standard = battery capacity at a discharge time of 20 hours at 5% discharge rate.
Compare batteries on the basis of their weight! See next pages for comprehensive battery information.
MVSV 280
2 V gel cell
MVSV 420
2 V gel cell
MVSV 500
2 V gel cell
Article no.
68000280
68000420
68000500
68000580
68000750
68001000
68001250
68001500
68001650
68002200
68002700
Nominal voltage
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
2V
Capacity C10*
280 Ah
420 Ah
500 Ah
580 Ah
750 Ah
1000 Ah
1250 Ah
1500 Ah
1650 Ah
2200 Ah
2700 Ah
Dimensions, lxwxh in mm (excl. poles)
125 x 207 x 357
125 x 207 x 473
146 x 207 x 473
167 x 207 x 473
146 x 207 x 648
211 x 192 x 647
211 x 234 x 648
211 x 276 x 648
211 x 276 x 798
214 x 399 x 775
214 x 488 x 774
Dimensions, lxwxh in mm (incl. poles)
125 x 207 x 401
125 x 207 x 517
146 x 207 x 517
167 x 207 x 517
146 x 207 x 693
212 x 192 x 693
211 x 234 x 693
211 x 276 x 693
211 x 276 x 843
214 x 399 x 819
214 x 488 x 819
Installation length
134 mm
134 mm
155 mm
176 mm
155 mm
210 mm
220 mm
220 mm
220 mm
223 mm
222 mm
Number of pole pairs
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3
4
Weight
22 kg
32 kg
37 kg
42 kg
50 kg
68 kg
82 kg
98 kg
112 kg
153 kg
196 kg
Guarantee period
----------------------- 7 year pro rata, ask for comprehensive terms -----------------------
42
MVSV 580
2 V gel cell
MVSV 750
2 V gel cell
MVSV 1000
2 V gel cell
MVSV 1250
2 V gel cell
MVSV 1500
2 V gel cell
MVSV 1650
2 V gel cell
MVSV 2200
2 V gel cell
MVSV 2700
2 V gel cell
--------------------------------------------- 7 year pro rata, ask for comprehensive terms ---------------------------------------------
A 12 V battery set consists of six 2 V elements while a 24 V configuration consists of twelve elements.
The sets are supplied complete with connection cables to connect the poles.
All models are suitable for both horizontal and vertical mounting, rack or stack configuration allowed.
* C10 stands for capacity at a discharge time of 10 hours at 10% discharge rate.
See next pages for comprehensive battery information.
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan
• 2-year product warranty • 7-year product warranty (2 V cells) • worldwide service
43
Yo u r b a t t e r y a s a p o w e r s o u r c e
Different types of battery - in terms of the thickness and number
Acid content increases in the lower part of the battery, locally
of plates per cell - correspond to different applications. The
intensifying plate corrosion, and decreases in the upper part,
maximum current that can be delivered is determined by the
reducing
total plate surface. The number of times that a battery can be
significantly reducing the life span. In order to spread out the acid
discharged and recharged - the number of cycles - depends on
evenly again, the battery has to be purposefully overloaded using
the thickness of the plates. A battery can feature either many
excessive voltage. This generates a large amount of hydrogen gas,
thin plates or a few thick ones.
which will form a dangerous mixture with oxygen in the air.
The
battery
is
discharged
The voltage required to recharge these batteries is around 2.7V
The starter battery
per cell, or 16.2V for a 12V system and 32.4V for a 24V system.
A starter battery has many thin plates per cell, leading to a large
These high levels of voltage are extremely dangerous for the
total plate surface. This type of battery is, therefore, suitable for
connected equipment and the large amount of gas generated
delivering a high level of current over a short period of time.
makes these batteries unsuitable for use on board boats.
common and widespread type is the lead-acid battery. A less
The number of times that a starter battery can be heavily dis-
Mastervolt recommends to install maintenance free 2 volt gel
familiar one is the nickel-cadmium (NiCad) battery, which can
charged is limited to around 50. But as starting the engine uses
cells. An appropriate charge protocol should be followed.
Mastervolt gel batteries.
There are different kinds of rechargeable batteries. The most
still often be found in old emergency power systems. Due to the
only a small part of the energy stored (around 0.01%), the
complex charge method required by a NiCad battery, and the
battery lasts for many years. This type of battery is unsuitable for
fact that they are environmentally unsound, these batteries are
cyclical use as a service battery. Mastervolt’s AGM and gel
not suitable for use onboard a boat.
batteries are suitable to be used as starter batteries.
The principle of the lead-acid battery
The semi-traction battery
100
unevenly,
Mastervolt gel
starter battery
80
discharge in %
capacity.
60% discharge at 800 cycli
60
40
20
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
CYCLIC VERSUS LIFE SPAN
A battery is a device that stores electric power in the form of
A semi-traction battery has fewer but thicker plates in each cell.
Parallel connection
Series/parallel connection
chemical energy. When necessary, the energy is again released as
These batteries supply relatively less starter current, but can be
Parallel coupling involves connecting the plus poles of multiple
A combination of series and parallel connections is required if
electric power for DC consumers such as lighting and starter
discharged more often and to a greater extent (approximately
batteries to each other and the same with the minus poles.
you need for example a 24 Volt battery set with a higher capacity.
motors. A battery consists of several galvanic cells with a voltage
300 full cycles). This kind of battery is highly appropriate for the
The plus of the first battery and the minus of the last battery are
The battery should then be cross-wired to the system using the
of 2 Volt each. For a 12 Volt battery, six cells are linked in series
combined function of starter/service battery. Mastervolt
then connected to the system. This type of arrangement is used
plus pole of the first and minus pole of the last battery.
and fitted inside a single casing. To achieve 24 Volt, two 12 Volt
recommends to use maintenance free ‘deep cycle’ AGM or gel
to increase capacity (in this case 400 Ah).
batteries are linked in series. Each cell has positive oxidised lead
batteries (see previous pages). It is important to charge the
plates and negative lead metal plates, and has an electrolyte con-
batteries according to the appropriate charge characteristic.
sisting of water and sulphuric acid. During discharging, the lead
oxide on the lead plates is converted into lead. The acid content
decreases because sulphuric acid is required for this process.
To recharge the battery, an external power source - such as a
battery charger, alternator or solar panel - with a voltage of
around 2.4 Volt per cell must be connected. The lead sulphate
will then be converted back into lead and lead oxide, and the
44
sulphuric acid content will rise. There are limits set for the
45
12 V/400 Ah parallel coupling.
charge voltage to prevent the release of an excessive amount of
hydrogen. A charge voltage of more than 2.4 Volt per cell, for
Series connection
instance, releases a lot of hydrogen gas, which can form a highly
Batteries are coupled in series to gain higher voltage, for instance
explosive mixture with the oxygen in the air. The upper limit on
24 or even 48 Volt. The plus pole of each battery is connected to
the minus pole of the following one, with the minus pole of the
charge voltage for a 12 Volt battery is 14.4 Volt, and the corresponding value for a 24 Volt battery is 28.8 Volt. The relationship
‘Sealed’ traction battery.
first battery and plus pole of the last battery connected to the
system.
between how full a battery is and the specific gravity of the
24 V/400 Ah series/parallel connection.
water/sulphuric acid mixture is as follows:
The traction battery
This type of battery has even fewer, but very thick, flat or cylin-
percentage
charged
battery
voltage
specific
gravity
percentage
discharged
0%
11.64 Volt
1.100
100%
20%
11.88 Volt
1.140
80%
40%
12.09 Volt
1.175
60%
60%
12.30 Volt
1.210
40%
80%
12.51 Volt
1.245
20%
100%
12.72 Volt
1.280
0%
drical plates. It can therefore be discharged many times and fairly
completely (1000 full cycles). This is why wet traction batteries
are often used in forklifts and industrial-grade cleaning machines.
But wet traction batteries require a special charge method.
Because these batteries are mostly tall, they are sensitive to the
accumulation of sulphuric acid at the bottom of the battery
container. This phenomenon is called stratification and occurs
because sulphuric acid is denser than water.
24 V/200 Ah series connection.
48 V/200 Ah series connection.
Overview of battery monitoring panels & inverter/charger remote panels
A Mastervolt battery monitoring system brings an end to unpleasant surprises. A clear display shows performance, consumption and
available battery capacity. Below we have listed the available monitoring panels for Mass Sine, Mass Combi and Dakar Combi models.
Masterlink MICC
Masterlink BTM-III
Masterlink DCV
APC remote control
for Mass Combi
Modell ICC for
Mass Combi (standard)
C-4-RI
MasterView Easy
Article no.
70403105
70403163
70403180
70405010
70405000
70404110
77010300
Application
Battery consumption meter,
12/24 V DC with LCD readout.
Remote control for Mass Sine
inverter and battery
charger or Mass Combi.
Battery consumption meter,
12/24 V DC with LCD readout
and LED bar. Also available
for 48 V DC.
Battery condition meter
for three independent
batteries, 12/24 V DC.
Indication of AC consumption,
AC voltage and the fuse value of
the shore/generator connection.
With Power Sharing setting.
Indication of DC consumption,
charge phase, failure and
AC availability. With on/off/
’charger only’ switch.
Remote control
on/off for Mass
sine wave inverter.
The MasterView Easy panel, in
combination with a MasterShunt
(art. no. 77020100), is the world’s
most advanced battery monitor.
Number of battery sets
2 battery banks
3 battery banks
3 battery banks
n.a.
1 battery bank
n.a.
one battery set per MasterShunt
Readout voltage
yes
yes
yes
yes (AC)
yes
n.a.
yes
Readout current
yes
yes
no
yes (AC power)
yes
n.a.
yes
Readout Amp-hours
yes
yes
no
no
no
n.a.
yes
Time remaining indication
yes
yes
no
no
no
n.a.
yes
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
46
Battery capacity in %
yes
yes
yes
no
no
n.a.
yes
Inverter operation
yes
no
no
no
yes
yes
yes
Battery charger operation
yes
no
no
no
yes
no
yes
‘Power Sharing’ adjustment
yes
no
no
yes
no
no
yes
Compatible with MasterVision
yes
yes
yes
optional
optional
optoinal
no
Current consumption (backlight off)
28 mA/12 V - 26 mA/24 V
14 mA/12 V - 11 mA/24 V
15 mA
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
32 mA/12 V - 17 mA/24 V
Current consumption (backlight on)
100 mA/12 V - 50 mA/24 V
100 mA/12 V - 50 mA/24 V
100 mA/12 V - 50 mA/24 V
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100 mA/12 V - 50 mA/24 V
Supply voltage
9 to 35 V DC
9 to 35 V DC
9 to 32 V DC
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
9 to 60 V DC
Voltage range measurement
7 to 35 V DC
7 to 35 V DC
7 to 32 V DC
180 to 260 V AC
7 to 35 V DC
n.a.
0 to 60 V DC
Voltage resolution
0.05 V
0.01 V
0.1 V
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
0.01 V
Voltage deviation
±0.6% ±1 figure
±0.6% ±1 figure
±0.6% ±1 figure
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
±0.6% ±1 figure
Amps measurement range
0 to 500 A
0 to 500 A
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
0 to 500 A
Max. Amp-hour capacity
9999 Ah
9999 Ah
9999 Ah
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
9999 Ah
Shunt specification
500 A / 50 mV (service set)
500 A / 50 mV (service set)
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
digital shunt
Dimensions instrument (w x h)
120 x 65 mm
120 x 65 mm
120 x 65 mm
120 x 24 mm
120 x 24 mm
60 x 65 mm
113 x 113 mm
Built-in depth incl. / excl. cover box
55 mm / 40 mm
55 mm / 40 mm
55 mm / 40 mm
18.5 mm
18.5 mm
28 mm
surface mount
Weight instrument incl. shunt
0.9 kg
0.9 kg
0.25 kg
140 gr
140 gr
60 gr
1.2 kg
Dimensions shunt (hxwxd)
84 x 44 x 44 mm - M8
84 x 44 x 44 mm - M8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
228 x 150 x 64 mm
Battery alarm contact
yes, potential free
yes, open collector
yes, open collector
no
no
n.a.
yes, via MasterBus alarm interface
Connection cable (6-wire) necessary
Art. no. 6801601200
yes, 2 pcs
no
no
yes
yes
yes
MasterBus cable included
Languages
english
english, dutch, german,
french, italian, danish,
norwegian, swedish & finnish
english
english
english
english
english, dutch, german,
french, italian, danish,
norwegian, swedish & finnish
Mastervolt Guarantee Plan • 2-year product warranty • worldwide service
47
Communication using Mastervolt system components
Mastervolt equipment communicates with each other and the
MasterAdjust software
System component
outside world in various ways. This optimises the user-
Order handy and up-to-date MasterAdjust software free from the
friendliness of Mastervolt power systems and makes interfacing
Mastervolt website. This software can be used by the installer to
with other onboard functions possible. With this purpose in
accurately tune Mastervolt equipment to its relevant application
mind, the following protocols have been developed:
and allows various parameters to be read and set according to
need. Parameters such as voltage, current, switch-off points and
MasterBus
charging algorithms are just a few of the many options for adjust-
System intended for all communications between the Mastervolt
ment.
system components. As it is a closed MasterBus system, it is not
able to communicate with other systems.
MasterBus-USB interface
MassNet
PC/laptop and all MasterBus products. It is possible to adapt
Open protocol for communication with the outside world, and
specific installations or functions to the demands of the power
system.
communication with MasterBus. Using MassNet, Mastervolt
system information and controls can be easily integrated.
MasterBus PC-Link
In order to make use of MasterAdjust software, you will usually
need a MasterBus PC-Link to serve as an interface between your
computer/laptop and Mastervolt equipment. This MasterBus PCLink can be directly connected to a computer serial port.
Overview of the available software
Mastervolt aims to create the broadest package of software for as
many products as possible. The software available will be continuously expanded in the coming years. Check our website
regularly for the latest updates.
MasterAdjust software for system components
This software can be used to configure, monitor and log multiple
products. The key aspects are:
• One software package; for 47 different products.
• Easy to use ‘Windows Explorer’ like user interface.
• Connect multiple products simultaneously.
48
• Log multiple products to a data file: ‘system logger’.
Connect the Mastervolt products via:
• PC-Link, article no. 21730100.
This is an interface between one Mastervolt product and a PC
or Laptop; or
• PC-Link with galvanic isolation, article no. 21730300.
This is an interface between one Mastervolt product and a PC
or Laptop;
• MasterBus USB interface with galvanic isolation, article no.
77030100. This is an interface between a MasterBus network,
which may consist of one or several Mastervolt products. All
these
products
compatibility.
should
BTM-I + 48 V
X
BTM-III
X
MAC 24/12-20
X
MAGIC 24/12-20
X
MAGIC 24/24-20
X
MAGIC 12/12-20
X
MAGIC 12/24-10
X
be
equipped
with
MasterBus
via MasterBusUSB Interface
art. no. 77030100
to set the parameters of your Mass Combi so as to meet your
personal requirements. Although the Mass Combi can be directly
installed and used without the need for calibration. A Mastervolt
installer can (by means of a password and the Mastervolt
website) access more advanced functions. This way, the Mass
Combi can be set and calibrated according to the specific
DC Distribution
X
DC Switching
X
MasterView Classic
X
MasterView Easy
X
MasterView System
X
IVO Smart 12/10 - IP65
X
IVO Smart 12/15 - 2
X
IVO Smart 24/6 - IP65
X
IVO Smart 12/35 - 3
X
IVO Smart 12/50 - 3
X
IVO Smart 24/15 - 3
X
IVO Smart 12/30 - 2
X
IVO Smart 12/50 - 2
X
Mass 12/30 - 2
X
Mass 12/60 - 2
X
Mass 12/80 - 2
X
Mass 24/15 - 2
X
Mass 24/25 - 2
X
Mass 24/50 - 2
X
Mass 24/75 - C
X
Mass 24/100 - C
X
Mass 24/100 - 3ph
X
Mass 48/25
X
Mass 48/50 - 1
X
Mass 24/50 - 2
X
Mass 24/100 - 1
X
Mass Combi 12/1200-60A
X
Mass Combi 12/2000-100A
X
Mass Combi 12/4000-200A
X
Mass Combi 24/1200-35A
X
Mass Combi 24/2000-60A
X
Mass Combi 24/4000-120A
X
Functions for Mass Combi
The Mass Combi MasterAdjust software allows you to easily
check the status of the charger, inverter and transfer system, and
X
MasterShunt
The MasterBus-USB interface enables communication between
the Mastervolt system components, which are in mutual
via PC-Link
art. no. 21730100
or 21730300
technical requirements of the electrical installation.
The functions described below are available as standard. The first
screen - Status Overview - gives you a complete and instant overview on the status of your Mass Combi. The readings and settings
of the Combi are indicated both graphically and numerically:
AC system: • Voltage • Current • Load • Operation mode
• Monitoring and setting the Power Sharing mode.
DC system: • Voltage • Current • Load • Error diagnosis
• Charge current • Status of the 3-step charge characteristic
(bulk, absorption and float).
You can monitor and adjust all variables in the screen Setpoints:
Changing the settings of the battery charger
• Maximum voltage in the bulk charge phase.
• Maximum charge voltage in the absorption phase.
• Output voltage in the float phase.
• The undervoltage level for the starting of a new charge cycle.
• Forced float voltage: constant output voltage in two-step
charger mode.
• Voltage compensation for the use of gel or AGM batteries.
• Return amps: the output current of the battery charger at
which the battery is considered to be fully charged.
• Maximum charge current.
• Maximum duration of the bulk phase.
• Return to bulk time: delay before the start of a new charge
cycle.
• Minimum duration of the absorption phase.
• Maximum duration of the absorption phase.
ChargeMaster 12/70-3
X
ChargeMaster 12/100-3
X
ChargeMaster 24/40-3
X
ChargeMaster 24/60-3
X
ChargeMaster 24/80-3
X
ChargeMaster 24/100-3
X
Mass Systemswitch
X
49
Technical definitions
Amorphous silicon solar cells
Inverter efficiency
Photovoltaic systems
Solar panel
The term amorphous refers to the non-crystalline structure of
A percentage that indicates which proportion of the incoming
Also known as PV systems. The word Photovoltaic is a
A group of PV cells combined in one unit.
silicon atoms. The efficiency is lower than crystalline silicon, and
solar-generated electricity is being transformed into useful AC
combination of the Greek word for light and the name of the
typically ranges from 5% to 10%. The energy yield per installed
energy. Modern high-quality inverters have efficiencies higher
physicist Alessandro Volta. It denotes the direct conversion of
STC or standard conditions
Watt peak is higher compared to crystalline silicon modules
than 92%.
sunlight into energy by means of solar cells.
Conditions used to set the panel capacity: a cell temperature of
because of the relatively high efficiency at low irradiation.
25 °C and light intensity of 1000 W/m 2.
Irradiation
Polycrystalline/multicristalline silicon solar cells
Autonomous PV systems
The light intensity in a given area. Africa, for example, receives
Solar cells made up of multiple silicon crystals. As the crystal
String
Supply electricity to locations where no public grid is available or
around twice as much sun as the Netherlands. Irradiation varies
edges can impede the electron flow, multicrystalline silicon solar
A group of solar cells (or solar panels) connected in a series.
a long distance from that grid. In such situations, a PV system is
within a country too: In the Netherlands for example, it varies
cells are usually less efficient than the monocrystalline equivalent.
When solar cells or modules are series-connected, the voltage
significantly cheaper than connecting to the mains or a non-stop
between 980 kWh/m² per year in the east to 1070 kWh/m² on the
The output is usually between 14% and 16%. Most poly-
will add up with the number of cells/modules, while the current
generator.
west coast. The average air temperature is also of importance for
crystalline silicon solar cells are blue in colour.
is equal to the current of one cell. Because of the relatively low
the annual energy yield of a PV system; solar cells perform better
Energy-neutral building
at lower temperatures (see also Underdimensioning).
A building where the balance between energy production and
current, electrical losses in wiring are low as well. A string of
Power loss
cells or modules performs only as well as the worst cell/module
Power loss can be caused by the location and orientation of the
in the string. If differences between solar cells or panels are
energy consumption is zero on a yearly basis. This can be
Maximum Power Point Tracker
solar cells and other factors such as:
significant, it may be worthwhile separating lower performance
achieved by installing various renewable energy sources like PV
An intelligent voltage regulator that adjusts the operating voltage
• Placement losses caused by non-ideal orientation to the sun.
modules from higher and combining them into separate strings. If
cells, hot water systems, heat pumps etc.
of the PV array to variations in temperature and cell type. A good
• Shading losses: Even partial shading of cells or modules causes
cells, modules or strings are connected in parallel, the current
MPP tracking algorithm draws the maximum solar power from
Grid connected PV system
the PV array in all conditions.
The low voltage direct current (DC) electricity is converted to
relatively high losses.
• Panel losses caused by the electrical resistance of inter-
voltage remains constant. With both parallel or series
connections inside the solar module and losses introduced by
connection, the total power generated is the sum of all the
series connection of the cells (see String).
power generated by the connected solar cells.
230 V alternating current (AC) power by an inverter. The
Monocrystalline silicon solar cells
inverter feeds the electricity, produced by the PV system, back
Monocrystalline silicon solar cells are cells made from one large
into the utility grid. This means the PV system actually functions
monocrystal. Thanks to this method of production we have
as a mini power station. If the solar energy production is higher
round solar cells, each made from one silicon crystal. The
• Cable losses caused by the electrical resistance of the wiring.
Means that the nominal input power of an inverter is less than the
than the electricity consumption at any given moment, most
standard dimensions are 10 by 10 cm. Monocrystalline silicon
• Temperature losses: solar voltage and power decreases with
power of the PV array, expressed in kWp. In one year, the solar
electricity meters spin backwards. The returned electricity is
solar cells typically have an efficiency of 16% to 18%.
±0.5% per degree Celsius. This may lead to relatively large
array will seldom generate the specified Watt peak power. In
losses at full irradiance (see also Underdimensioning).
Northern Europe, the inverter input power can generally be
automatically incorporated in the energy bill.
• Inverter losses: Solar energy converted to heat and therefore
not fed back into the grid.
Output of a PV system
50
will add up with the number of units connected in parallel, while
Underdimensioning
chosen to be around 80% of the PV capacity without introducing
Solar panels have an efficiency that varies between 8% and 18%.
Shading
The orientation and shading of the panels and the panel
Shading of solar cells may lead to electrical resistance within a
temperature can also affect the eventual output.
closed current loop. This resistance causes the shaded cells to
Watt peak (Wp)
heat up and, if the temperature rises sufficiently, to break down
A measure of the electrical power a solar cell or module will
(the Hot-Spot effect). To prevent this, small groups of cells are
generate at standard conditions. See also STC.
significant losses.
protected by a bypass diode that stops the shaded solar cells
from heating up.
Working principle of a solar cell
Solar cells consist of two layers of semi-conducting material,
Silicon
usually silicon. Between these two layers, the n-layer above and
Raw material for solar cells.
the p-layer below, is an electric field. When sunlight shines on the
n-layer it is partly absorbed by the semi-conductor and converted
Solar cell
into energy (heat). This energy generates electrons that are free
In a solar cell, light energy (photons) is converted into electric
to move through the material. The crystalline structure of the
power. See also Working principle of a solar cell.
silicon and the electrical field ensure that the free electrons move
in a certain direction. This phenomenon is called electricity, and
Solar energy applications
• The active or passive heating of buildings.
• The heating of tap water.
• The generation of electricity (photovoltaic solar energy or PV).
the flow is taken from the cell for use in external applications.
51
System example - grid connected
solar
array
17
-
+
+
+
-
DC
switch
440V DC
10A
double
pole
+
+
-
-
-
+
+
-
+
+
+
+
+
-
+
+
-
+
+
-
+
+
+
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
16
17
+
-
-
16
+
-
+
+
+
-
-
1) What is the best angle for solar panels?
9) Do the panels also provide electricity doing cloudy
The optimal angle for placing solar panels is 50° for systems in
weather?
Nordic countries and 20° for South-European countries.
The panels continue to produce energy even when it is cloudy,
-
albeit on a smaller scale.
-
-
1
1
-
-
17
16
+
-
1
+
+
+
+
placed?
10) Can I connect equipment directly to the panels?
A system set at an angle of between 20 and 50° facing south will
Equipment cannot be connected directly to a grid connected
produce around 5% less power per year. When panels are
solar installation - an electricity grid is always necessary.
installed at an angle of 35° and the system is oriented between
AC consumers can be directly connected to grid independent
south east and south west, the energy shortfall on an annual basis
sine wave inverters in island systems.
1
1
+
2) How much power will I lose if panels are incorrectly
+
+
will again be around 5%.
11) Is there any difference in the electricity coming from a
+ -+ DC
+ -+ -
+ -+ -
DC
DC
QS3200
AC
frame
earthing
VDS
16 mm 2
+
1
1
+
-
-
-
1
+
17
16
17
-
-
-
-
17
17
+
-
-
-
-
17
Frequently asked questions on PV systems
AC
VD 3x2,5mm 2
phase I
QS3200
phase 2
+ -+ DC
+ -+ QS3200
QS3200
AC
AC
VD 3x2,5mm 2
phase I
phase 3
B-16A
3P+N
+ -+ DC
DC
AC
QS3200
phase 2
QS3200
3) How does heat affect my system?
solar system?
The output of a system is reduced when panels become warmer.
No, the current is the same.
The power shortfall can be 0.3 to 0.5% per °C.
AC
12) Can my solar installation attract lightning?
phase 3
4) What is the life span of a solar panel?
There is no record of this ever occurring. The chance of lightning
With proper maintenance, the modules should last at least 30
striking is equal regardless of whether or not you have a solar
years.
system.
5) How long do inverters last?
13) Can a solar installation cause damage to my household
You should expect an inverter to function for at least ten years.
equipment?
The actual figures depend on the location of the inverter (the
No, this is not possible. The inverter functions as a sort of filter
hotter the temperature, the shorter the life span) and whether
between the grid and the PV system and complies with the
or not regular maintenance is carried out. A humid environment
highest suppression standards.
B-16A
3P+N
Module Astropower AP75
Voc = 33,0 V stc
Vmpp = 26,0 V
Usc = 4,3 A stc
Impp = 4,23 A
5x VD 6 mm2
1x Vds 16 mm2
B 32 A
3P+N
will affect the life span as well. The ideal place to install an inverter is always in a dry and preferably conditioned environment.
PV
generated but not used?
kWh
existing groups
52
14) What happens to the electricity that has been
electricity company
6) Is it possible to remotely collect system data?
The electricity generated by the solar panels is first consumed by
There are various options for accessing inverter data. See this
the various equipment in the building concerned. Any excess
brochure for more information or ask your supplier for advice.
power produced is returned to the public grid. Make sure you
7) Do the panels have to be kept clean?
if one is not already installed.
request from your energy supplier a meter that turns backwards
distribution
board
The modules are in principle maintenance free and the panels are
washed clean by rain. It is worth considering cleaning the panels
with water once every year.
15 kWp system installed in Greece
8) What happens if the grid breaks down?
The solar energy unit will stop returning power to the grid. This
This system was installed at the end of 2003 by a local Greek company on a
building near Athens. A total of 200 75 Wp Astropower solar panels supply 15
kWp of power for local consumption and returning to the grid. Six Sunmaster
QS3200 inverters are placed between the solar panels and the grid. This is a
powerful system that meets the required energy needs virtually autonomously.
is necessary to ensure the safety of the system at times when
maintenance is being carried out or there is a failure on the grid.
Please consult your supplier if you wish to keep receiving a 230
Volt current when the grid shuts down. Mastervolt has various
handy options for providing emergency power.
53
Technical Notes
M A S T E R VO LT I N T E R N AT I O N A L BV
M A S T E R VO LT A D R I A
M A S T E R VO LT AU S T R A L I A
M A S T E R VO LT B E N E LU X
M A S T E R VO LT C H I N A
M A S T E R VO LT D E N M A R K
M A S T E R VO LT F I N L A N D
M A S T E R VO LT F R A N C E S A R L
M A S T E R VO LT G M B H
M A S T E R VO LT I N C
54
M A S T E R VO LT I TA L I A S R L
M A S T E R VO LT N E W Z E A L A N D
M A S T E R VO LT P O L A N D
M A S T E R VO LT S C A N D I N AV I A A B
M A S T E R VO LT S PA I N S L
M A S T E R VO LT U K LT D
Please refer to our website www.mastervolt.com
for an actual list of our international authorised dealers.
Cover photo: George Burggraaff
Version no. EN210108.
Article no. 500004130.
THE POWER TO BE INDEPENDENT