LM124, LM224, LM324 Low power quad operational amplifiers Features

LM124, LM224, LM324 Low power quad operational amplifiers Features
LM124, LM224, LM324
Low power quad operational amplifiers
Features
■
Wide gain bandwidth: 1.3 MHz
■
Input common-mode voltage range includes
ground
■
Large voltage gain: 100 dB
■
Very low supply current per amplifier: 375 µA
■
Low input bias current: 20 nA
■
Low input offset voltage: 5 mV max.
■
Low input offset current: 2 nA
■
Wide power supply range:
– Single supply: +3 V to +30 V
■
Dual supplies: ±1.5 V to ±15 V
N
DIP14
(Plastic package)
D
SO-14
(Plastic micropackage)
Description
The LM124, LM224 and LM324 consist of four
independent, high gain, internally frequencycompensated operational amplifiers. They
operate from a single power supply over a wide
range of voltages. Operation from split power
supplies is also possible and the low power
supply current drain is independent of the
magnitude of the power supply voltage.
P
TSSOP-14
(Thin shrink small outline package)
Q
QFN16 3x3
(Plastic micropackage)
June 2011
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
1/19
www.st.com
19
Pin and schematic diagram
1
LM124, LM224, LM324
Pin and schematic diagram
Figure 1.
Pin connections (top view)
14 Output 4
Output 1 1
Inverting Input 1 2
-
-
13 Inverting Input 4
Non-inverting Input 1 3
+
+
12 Non-inverting Input 4
11 VCC -
VCC + 4
Non-inverting Input 2
Inverting Input 2
5
+
+
10 Non-inverting Input 3
6
-
-
9
Inverting Input 3
8
Output 3
Output 2 7
OUT1
OUT4
IN4-
16
15
14
13
2/19
IN1-
Figure 2.
NC
3
10
NC
IN2+
IN2
4
9
IN3+
IN3
8
VCC-
IN3-
11
7
2
OUT3
VCC+
6
IN4+
OUT2
12
5
1
IN2-
IN1+
Schematic diagram (1/4 LM124)
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
LM124, LM224, LM324
Absolute maximum ratings
2
Absolute maximum ratings
Table 1.
Absolute maximum ratings
Symbol
VCC
Vin
Vid
Parameter
LM124
LM224
Supply voltage
Input voltage
(1)
Differential input voltage
Unit
±16 or 32
V
-0.3 to 32
V
32
V
(2)
Output short-circuit duration (3)
LM324
Infinite
(4)
5 mA in DC or 50 mA in AC (duty cycle = 10%, T=1s)
Input current : Vin driven negative
Input current (5): Vin driven positive above
AMR value
0.4
mA
Toper
Operating free-air temperature range
°C
Tstg
Storage temperature range
Iin
Tj
-55 to +125
-40 to +105
-65 to +150
°C
150
°C
Maximum junction temperature
ambient(6)
Rthja
Thermal resistance junction to
SO14
TSSOP14
DIP14
QFN16 3x3
Rthjc
Thermal resistance junction to case
SO14
TSSOP14
DIP14
QFN16
31
32
33
14
HBM: human body model(7)
250
ESD
0 to +70
103
100
83
45
MM: machine model(8)
°C/W
°C/W
150
(9)
V
1500
CDM: charged device model
+
-
1. Either or both input voltages must not exceed the magnitude of VCC or VCC . All voltage values, except differential voltages
are with respect to ground terminal.
2. Differential voltages are the non-inverting input terminal with respect to the inverting input terminal.
3. Short-circuits from the output to VCC can cause excessive heating if VCC > 15 V. The maximum output current is
approximately 40 mA independent of the magnitude of VCC. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shortcircuits on all amplifiers.
4. This input current only exists when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector-base
junction of the input PNP transistor becoming forward-biased and thereby acting as input diode clamp. In addition to this
diode action, there is NPN parasitic action on the IC chip. This transistor action can cause the output voltages of the opamps to go to the VCC voltage level (or to ground for a large overdrive) for the time during which an input is driven negative.
This is not destructive and normal output is restored for input voltages above -0.3 V.
5. The junction base/substrate of the input PNP transistor polarized in reverse must be protected by a resistor in series with
the inputs to limit the input current to 400 µA max (R = (Vin - 32 V)/400 µA).
6. Short-circuits can cause excessive heating. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous short-circuits on all
amplifiers. These are typical values given for a single layer board (except for TSSOP, a two-layer board).
7. Human body model, 100 pF discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor into pin of device.
8. Machine model ESD: a 200 pF capacitor is charged to the specified voltage, then discharged directly into the IC with no
external series resistor (internal resistor < 5 Ω), into pin-to-pin of device.
9. Charged device model: all pins plus package are charged together to the specified voltage and then discharged directly to
ground.
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
3/19
Electrical characteristics
3
LM124, LM224, LM324
Electrical characteristics
Table 2.
VCC+ = +5 V, VCC-= ground, Vo = 1.4 V, Tamb = +25° C (unless otherwise
specified)
Symbol
Vio
Parameter
Min.
Input offset voltage (1)
Tamb = +25° C
LM124-LM224
LM324
Typ.
Max.
Unit
2
5
7
mV
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
LM124-LM224
LM324
7
9
Iio
Input offset current
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
2
30
100
nA
Iib
Input bias current (2)
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
20
150
300
nA
Avd
Large signal voltage gain
VCC+ = +15 V, RL = 2 kΩ, Vo = 1.4 V to 11.4 V
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
50
25
100
SVR
Supply voltage rejection ratio (Rs ≤ 10 kΩ)
VCC+ = 5 V to 30 V
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
65
65
110
ICC
Supply current, all Amp, no load
Tamb = +25° C
VCC = +5 V
VCC = +30 V
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
VCC = +5 V
VCC = +30 V
4/19
dB
0.7
1.5
1.2
3
0.8
1.5
1.2
3
Vicm
Input common mode voltage range
VCC = +30 V (3)
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
0
0
CMR
Common mode rejection ratio (Rs ≤ 10 kΩ)
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
70
60
80
Isource
Output current source (Vid = +1 V)
VCC = +15 V, Vo = +2 V
20
40
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
V/mV
VCC -1.5
VCC -2
mA
V
dB
70
mA
LM124, LM224, LM324
Table 2.
Electrical characteristics
VCC+ = +5 V, VCC-= ground, Vo = 1.4 V, Tamb = +25° C (unless otherwise
specified) (continued)
Symbol
Isink
VOH
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Output sink current (Vid = -1 V)
VCC = +15 V, Vo = +2 V
VCC = +15 V, Vo = +0.2 V
10
12
20
50
High level output voltage
VCC = +30 V
Tamb = +25° C, RL = 2 kΩ
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
Tamb = +25° C, RL = 10 kΩ
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
26
26
27
27
27
VCC = +5 V, RL = 2 kΩ
Tamb = +25°C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
3.5
3
Max.
Unit
mA
µA
28
V
VOL
Low level output voltage (RL = 10 kΩ)
Tamb = +25°C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
SR
Slew rate
VCC = 15 V, Vi = 0.5 to 3 V, RL = 2 kΩ, CL = 100 pF,
unity gain
0.4
V/µs
GBP
Gain bandwidth product
VCC = 30 V, f = 100 kHz, Vin = 10 mV, RL = 2 kΩ,
CL = 100 pF
1.3
MHz
THD
Total harmonic distortion
f = 1 kHz, Av = 20 dB, RL = 2 kΩ, Vo = 2 Vpp,
CL = 100 pF, VCC = 30 V
0.015
%
Equivalent input noise voltage
f = 1 kHz, Rs = 100 Ω, VCC = 30 V
40
nV
-----------Hz
DVio
Input offset voltage drift
7
30
µV/°C
DIio
Input offset current drift
10
200
pA/°C
en
Vo1/Vo2
Channel separation
1 kHz ≤ f ≤ 20 kHZ
5
20
20
mV
(4)
120
dB
1. Vo = 1.4 V, Rs = 0 Ω, 5 V < VCC+ < 30 V, 0 < Vic < VCC+ - 1.5 V.
2. The direction of the input current is out of the IC. This current is essentially constant, independent of the
state of the output so there is no change in the load on the input lines.
3. The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by
more than 0. V. The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is VCC+ - 1.5 V, but either or both inputs
can go to +32 V without damage.
4. Due to the proximity of the external components, ensure that stray capacitance between these external
parts does not cause coupling. Coupling can be detected because this type of capacitance increases at
higher frequencies.
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
5/19
Electrical characteristics
Figure 3.
LM124, LM224, LM324
Input bias current vs. ambient
temperature
Figure 4.
Current limiting
90
IB (nA) 24
80
18
70
Input current (mA)
21
15
12
9
6
3
IO +
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-55-35-15
0
5 25 45 65 85 105 125
-55 -35 -15 5
Ambient temperature (°C)
Figure 5.
Temperature (°C)
Input voltage range
Figure 6.
Supply current
15
4
VCC
ID
Supply current (mA)
mA
Input voltage (V)
25 45 65 85 105 125
10
Negative
Positive
5
3
2
Tamb = 0°C to +125°C
1
Tamb = -55°C
0
5
10
0
15
Power supply voltage (V)
Figure 7.
Gain bandwidth product
Figure 8.
Common-mode rejection ratio (dB)
Gain bandwidth product (MHz)
20
30
Common mode rejection ratio
120
GBP (MHz)
1.35
1.30
1.25
1.2
1.15
1.1
1.05
1
0.95
0.9
-55 -35 -15
5
25 45 65 85 105 125
100
80
+7.5 V
100 kΩ
60
100 Ω
40
eI
100 kΩ
20
0
100
1k
eO
100 Ω
10k
+7.5 V
100k
Frequency (Hz)
Ambient temperature (°C)
6/19
10
Positive supply voltage (V)
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
1M
LM124, LM224, LM324
Figure 9.
Electrical characteristics
Open loop frequency response
140
Figure 10. Large signal frequency response
20
10 MΩ
100 kΩ
0.1 uF
1 kΩ
120
VCC+
VCC+/2
80
VCC+ = +30 V &
-55°C Tamb +125°C
60
40
VCC+ = +10 to +15 V &
-55°C Tamb +125°C
20
10
5
0
1.0
100 1.0k 10k 100k 1.0M 10M
10
1k
10k
Frequency (Hz)
1M
100k
Frequency (Hz)
Figure 11. Voltage follower pulse response
Figure 12. Output characteristics (current
sinking)
10
4
VCC+ = +5 V
VCC+ = +15 V
VCC+ = +30 V
RL 2 kΩ
VCC+ = +15 V
3
2
Output voltage (V)
Input voltage (V) - output voltage (V)
2 kΩ
+7 V
0
1
0
3
2
1
VCC+/2
IO
VO
Tamb = +25°C
0.01
10
20
40
30
0.001
0.01
500
450
eO
50 pF
eI
Input
350
Output
300
Tamb = +25°C
VCC+ = +30 V
0
1
2
3
4
1
100
10
5
6
7
8
Figure 14. Output characteristics (current
sourcing)
Output voltage referenced to VCC+ (V)
Figure 13. Voltage follower pulse response
(small signal)
250
0.1
Output sink current (mA)
Time (μS)
400
VCC+
0.1
1
0
Output voltage (mV)
eO
eI
15
Output swing (Vpp)
Voltage gain (dB)
100
+15 V
eO
eI
Time (μS)
8
VCC+
7
6
VCC+/2
VO
5
IO
4
Independent of VCC+
3
Tamb = +25°C
2
1
0.001 0.01
0.1
1
10
100
Output source current (mA)
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
7/19
Electrical characteristics
LM124, LM224, LM324
Figure 15. Input current
Figure 16. Large signal voltage gain
Avd (dB)
100
Large signal voltage gain
120
Input current (nA)
75
50
Tamb = +25°C
25
20
110
105
100
-55 -35 -15
0
10
115
30
Figure 17. Power supply and common mode
rejection ratio
160
115
SVR
110
RL = 20 kΩ
120
105
100
95
90
85
80
CMR
Voltage gain (dB)
Power supply & common mode
rejection ratio (dB)
25 45 65 80 105 125
Figure 18. Voltage gain
(dB) 120
RL = 2 kΩ
80
40
75
70
-55 -35 -15
5
25 45 65 85 105 125
Ambient temperature (°C)
8/19
5
Ambient temperature (°C)
Power supply voltage (V)
0
10
20
Power supply voltage (V)
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
30
LM124, LM224, LM324
4
Typical single-supply applications
Typical single-supply applications
Figure 19. AC coupled inverting amplifier
Figure 20. High input Z adjustable gain DC
instrumentation amplifier
2 Vpp
if R1 = R5
and R3 = R4 = R6 = R7
2R
e0 = 1 + ----------1- (e2 -e1)
R
2
Figure 21. AC coupled non inverting amplifier
Figure 22. DC summing amplifier
2 Vpp
e0 = e1 +e2 -e3 -e4
Where (e1 +e2) ≥ (e3 +e4)
to keep e0 ≥ 0V
Figure 23. Non-inverting DC gain
Figure 24. Low drift peak detector
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
9/19
Typical single-supply applications
LM124, LM224, LM324
Figure 25. Active bandpass filter
Figure 26. High input Z, DC differential
amplifier
R
R
1
4
For ------- = ------R
R
2
3
(CMRR depends on this resistor ratio match)
Fo = 1kHz
Q = 50
Av = 100 (40dB)
e0
(e2 - e1)
As shown e0 = (e2 - e1)
Figure 27. Using symmetrical amplifiers to
reduce input current (general
concept)
10/19
⎛ 1 + R-------4⎞
⎝ R3⎠
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
LM124, LM224, LM324
5
Package information
Package information
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in different grades of
ECOPACK® packages, depending on their level of environmental compliance. ECOPACK®
specifications, grade definitions and product status are available at: www.st.com.
ECOPACK® is an ST trademark.
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
11/19
Package information
5.1
LM124, LM224, LM324
DIP14 package information
Figure 28. DIP14 package mechanical drawing
Table 3.
DIP14 package mechanical data
Dimensions
Millimeters
Inches
Ref.
Min.
Typ.
A
Min.
Typ.
5.33
Max.
0.21
A1
0.38
0.015
A2
2.92
3.30
4.95
0.11
0.13
0.19
b
0.36
0.46
0.56
0.014
0.018
0.022
b2
1.14
1.52
1.78
0.04
0.06
0.07
c
0.20
0.25
0.36
0.007
0.009
0.01
D
18.67
19.05
19.69
0.73
0.75
0.77
E
7.62
7.87
8.26
0.30
0.31
0.32
E1
6.10
6.35
7.11
0.24
0.25
0.28
e
2.54
0.10
e1
15.24
0.60
eA
7.62
0.30
eB
L
12/19
Max.
10.92
2.92
3.30
3.81
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
0.43
0.11
0.13
0.15
LM124, LM224, LM324
5.2
Package information
SO-14 package information
Figure 29. SO-14 package mechanical drawing
Table 4.
SO-14 package mechanical data
Dimensions
Millimeters
Inches
Ref.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
A
1.35
1.75
0.05
0.068
A1
0.10
0.25
0.004
0.009
A2
1.10
1.65
0.04
0.06
B
0.33
0.51
0.01
0.02
C
0.19
0.25
0.007
0.009
D
8.55
8.75
0.33
0.34
E
3.80
4.0
0.15
0.15
e
1.27
0.05
H
5.80
6.20
0.22
0.24
h
0.25
0.50
0.009
0.02
L
0.40
1.27
0.015
0.05
k
ddd
8° (max.)
0.10
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
0.004
13/19
Package information
5.3
LM124, LM224, LM324
QFN16 3x3 package mechanical data
Figure 30. QFN16 3x3 package mechanical drawing
14/19
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
LM124, LM224, LM324
Table 5.
Package information
QFN16 3x3 mm package mechanical data (pitch 0.5 mm)
Dimensions
Ref.
Millimeters
Inches
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Min.
Typ.
Max.
A
0.80
0.90
1.00
0.031
0.035
0.039
A1
0
0.05
0
A3
0.20
b
0.18
D
2.90
D2
1.50
E
2.90
E2
1.50
e
L
3.00
3.00
0.008
0.30
0.007
3.10
0.114
1.80
0.059
3.10
0.114
1.80
0.059
0.50
0.30
0.002
0.012
0.118
0.122
0.071
0.118
0.122
0.071
0.020
0.50
0.012
0.020
Figure 31. QFN16 3x3 footprint recommendation
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
15/19
Package information
5.4
LM124, LM224, LM324
TSSOP14 package information
Figure 32. TSSOP14 package mechanical drawing
Figure 33. TSSOP14 package mechanical data
Dimensions
Ref.
Millimeters
Min.
Typ.
A
Max.
Min.
Typ.
1.20
A1
0.05
A2
0.80
b
Max.
0.047
0.15
0.002
0.004
0.006
1.05
0.031
0.039
0.041
0.19
0.30
0.007
0.012
c
0.09
0.20
0.004
0.0089
D
4.90
5.00
5.10
0.193
0.197
0.201
E
6.20
6.40
6.60
0.244
0.252
0.260
E1
4.30
4.40
4.50
0.169
0.173
0.176
e
L
k
aaa
1.00
0.65
0.45
L1
16/19
Inches
0.60
0.0256
0.75
0.018
1.00
0°
0.024
0.030
0.039
8°
0.10
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
0°
8°
0.004
LM124, LM224, LM324
Ordering information
6
Ordering information
Table 6.
Order codes
Part number
Temperature range
Package
Packing
Marking
DIP14
Tube
LM124N
LM124D/DT
SO-14
Tube or tape & reel
124
LM224N
DIP14
Tube
LM224N
SO-14
Tube or tape & reel
224
LM224PT
TSSOP14
Tape & reel
224
LM224QT
QFN16 3x3
Tape & reel
K425
DIP14
Tube
LM324N
SO-14
Tube or tape & reel
324
LM324PT
TSSOP14
Tape & reel
324
LM324QT
QFN16 3x3
Tape & reel
K427
LM124N
-55°C, +125°C
LM224D/DT
-40°C, +105°C
LM324N
LM324D/DT
0°C, +70°C
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
17/19
Revision history
7
LM124, LM224, LM324
Revision history
0
Table 7.
Document revision history
Date
Revision
01-Oct.-2003
1
First release.
02-Jan-2005
2
Modifications on AMR Table 1 on page 3 (explanation of Vid and Vi
limits).
01-Jun-2005
3
ESD protection inserted in Table 1 on page 3.
02-Jan-2006
4
Tj and Rthjc parameters added in Table 1. on page 3.
04-Oct-2006
5
Editorial update. Table 3 moved to Section 5: Macromodels on
page 11.
11-Jan-2010
6
Added AMR values for input current in Table 1 on page 3.
7
Added pin connections for QFN16 package in Figure 1 on page 2.
Added thermal information for QFN16 package in Table 1 on page 3.
Added QFN16 package information in Chapter 5.
Added order codes for QFN16 package in Table 6: Order codes.
Removed Spice model - refer to www.st.com for latest model
available.
30-Jun-2011
18/19
Changes
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
LM124, LM224, LM324
Please Read Carefully:
Information in this document is provided solely in connection with ST products. STMicroelectronics NV and its subsidiaries (“ST”) reserve the
right to make changes, corrections, modifications or improvements, to this document, and the products and services described herein at any
time, without notice.
All ST products are sold pursuant to ST’s terms and conditions of sale.
Purchasers are solely responsible for the choice, selection and use of the ST products and services described herein, and ST assumes no
liability whatsoever relating to the choice, selection or use of the ST products and services described herein.
No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted under this document. If any part of this
document refers to any third party products or services it shall not be deemed a license grant by ST for the use of such third party products
or services, or any intellectual property contained therein or considered as a warranty covering the use in any manner whatsoever of such
third party products or services or any intellectual property contained therein.
UNLESS OTHERWISE SET FORTH IN ST’S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE ST DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTY WITH RESPECT TO THE USE AND/OR SALE OF ST PRODUCTS INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE (AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS UNDER THE LAWS
OF ANY JURISDICTION), OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT.
UNLESS EXPRESSLY APPROVED IN WRITING BY AN AUTHORIZED ST REPRESENTATIVE, ST PRODUCTS ARE NOT
RECOMMENDED, AUTHORIZED OR WARRANTED FOR USE IN MILITARY, AIR CRAFT, SPACE, LIFE SAVING, OR LIFE SUSTAINING
APPLICATIONS, NOR IN PRODUCTS OR SYSTEMS WHERE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY,
DEATH, OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE. ST PRODUCTS WHICH ARE NOT SPECIFIED AS "AUTOMOTIVE
GRADE" MAY ONLY BE USED IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS AT USER’S OWN RISK.
Resale of ST products with provisions different from the statements and/or technical features set forth in this document shall immediately void
any warranty granted by ST for the ST product or service described herein and shall not create or extend in any manner whatsoever, any
liability of ST.
ST and the ST logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of ST in various countries.
Information in this document supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied.
The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics. All other names are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011 STMicroelectronics - All rights reserved
STMicroelectronics group of companies
Australia - Belgium - Brazil - Canada - China - Czech Republic - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Israel - Italy - Japan Malaysia - Malta - Morocco - Philippines - Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - United States of America
www.st.com
Doc ID 2156 Rev 7
19/19
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement