Service. Self-Study Programme 297 Touareg After the Passat W8 and the innovative Phaeton, the Touareg completes the trio in Volkswagen’s luxury class product strategy. The Touareg is primarily an exclusive off-road vehicle, but it also satisfies the requirements for business and travel limousines. The Touareg’s adaptability to extremely varying driving conditions is a result of, for example, the continuous electronically controlled fourwheel drive, high-torque engines and its dual wishbone chassis. S297_001 There are separate self-study programmes on the following topics: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● SSP 298: SSP 299: SSP 300: SSP 301: SSP 302: SSP 303: SSP 304: The Touareg, Electrical System 6-Speed Manual Gearbox O8D 6-Speed Automatic Gearbox 09D The Touareg Heating/Air-Conditioning System The Touareg Four-Wheel Concept The V10 TDI Engine Electronic Diesel Control EDC 16 NEW The self-study programme depicts the design and operation of new developments! Contents will not be updated. 2 Current testing, adjustment and repair instructions may be found in the appropriate service material. Caution Note At a glance In a nutshell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Passenger protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Drive units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Chassis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Electric system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Heating and air-conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Radio and navigation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 3 In a nutshell The name Touareg The name Tuareg (or Touareg) means ”free people”. Thus, the Volkswagen Touareg has the name of a traditional African desert tribe that has made a name for itself in Africa due to its trade in precious goods. The proud Tuareg, with their camel caravans and the mysterious appearance of their face veils, stand for the dream of limitless freedom under the mercilessly tough conditions of the desert. S297_103 4 The name was selected to characterise the Touareg as an exclusive off-road vehicle that proves itself as much in a rocky river bed as on the motorway. With its excellent on- and offroad characteristics and its elegant-progressive design, the Touareg is just as suitable as an off-road vehicle as a business, recreational and travel vehicle. Offroad capability To test the offroad characteristics of the Touareg, an offroad test track was specially built in Ehra (near Wolfsburg), Germany. Here, the multifaceted vehicle could show its stuff. The test track consists of: - a short offroad stretch, a climbing hill, a section of which with shelves, a dry river bed simulation, a torsion module and a shallow basin. The Touareg was tested and optimised on the test track for the following characteristics, among others: - traction, torsion, acceleration behaviour and driving on inclines, supply of operating fluids, engine drag torque, suspension comfort, impermeability, noise emission in load situations, ground clearance and bumpers. S297_056 5 In a nutshell Touareg Technical equipment ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● off- and onroad suitability electronic differential block (EDB) 4-corner air suspension two-part tailgate modular roofrack system acceleration assistant mountain decline assistant fully galvanised, self-supporting body engine braking control (EBC) good fordability due to diverse seals S297_003 6 Power ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● powerful engine range with V10 diesel engine 6-gear automatic or manual gearbox for continuous four-wheel drive with central differential and reduction level central differential lock high-performance braking system roof load up to 100 kg fuel tank volume 100 l trailer load 3500 kg acoustically sealed interior Safety ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) Electronic Brake Pressure Distribution (EBPD) front, head and side airbags electric crash management with battery cut-off relay Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) Traction Control System (TCS) Hydraulic Braking Assistant (HBA) pedestrian protection taken into account extensive belt system Isofix retainers as standard electronic immobiliser Comfort ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 4C-Climatronic, 2C-Climatronic or manual air-conditioning system radio navigation system with offroad functionality 8- or 12-position seats comfortable back seat large boot volume with variable luggage net sockets electrically swivellable towbar air-conditioned glove compartment comfort interior lighting adjustable steering wheel easy operability of all systems S297_004 7 In a nutshell Technical data The figure shows the dimensions of the Touareg with a V6 engine. 926 2855 973 4754 1726 2217 1664,5 1653 1928 S297_005 Dimensions and weights Length Approx. 4,754 mm Front track width from 1,645 to 1,658 mm* Width Approx. 1,928 mm Rear track width from 1,657 to 1,664.5 mm* Height from 1,703 to 1,726 mm* Total permitted weight from 2,850 to 3,080 kg* Roof load 100 kg Dead weight from 2,214 to 2,524 kg* Trailer load 3,500 kg Boot space from 555 to 1,570 l** Tank volume 100 l Drag coefficient from 0.38 to 0.42 cw* *depending on the engine 8 ** for V10 TDI: from 550 to 1,525 l Offroad driving The offroad capability of the Touareg is proven by the following data: S297_043 Maximum climbing capability: (= 100% slope) 45° S297_060 Maximum possible lateral inclination: 35° S297_006 Ground clearance: Steel suspension max.: Air suspension max.: 237 mm 300 mm S297_007 Drivable angle of slope: Steel suspension max.: Air suspension max.: S297_008 Drivable ramp angle: Steel suspension max.: Air suspension max.: 22° 27° 28° 33° S297_009 Possible ford depth: Steel suspension max.: Air suspension max.: 500 mm 580 mm What does ”ford depth” mean? The ford depth indicates through what water height a vehicle can slowly drive without the engine taking on water or water entering the vehicle. 9 Body The Touareg’s raw body The body of the Touareg is a completely new, self-supporting construction. It is designed to attain a rigidity that is as static and dynamic as possible. To accomplish this, a series of special sheet metals were used, such as: - High-strength sheet metals: These sheet metals, made of special steel, are more stable than ”normal” sheet metals without causing an increase in weight. - Tailored blanks: Sheet metals that have different thicknesses depending on the loads where they are used. Itstead of the usual ladder frame, the body has integrated longitudinal bearers that run through the vehicle. In the front and the rear, they are manufactured from tailored blanks. C-rails with fastening points for roofracks are set into the roof. Cavities have been made for the gas shock absorbers in the tailgate. What does ”self-supporting” mean? In a self-supporting body, the framework and the structure form an inseparable unit. Static rigidity The body of the Touareg has a very high static rigidity. It does not warp, even during offroad driving, where large forces affect the body. The chassis can be optimally designed; the doors and flaps always close without problems, even with the tightest gaps. S297_010 10 Safety aspects To improve the look of the vehicle, the roof is connected to the side parts by laser soldering. As a result, the seam is unnecessary. In addition to the measures mentioned above, the body was designed to survive crashes well using profiles and an auxiliary frame. In the sills (side members), tubes with a wall thickness of 3 mm were installed, which optimised the side-post crash behaviour. Overall, the crash behaviour of the Touareg is similar to that a very good automobile – unusual for such a vehicle. In addition, the roof structure is reinforced to increase the safety for the occupants during a rollover. Dynamic rigidity The high dynamic torsion rigidity of the body results in favourable vibration characteristics and thus excellent driving comfort. Legend: violet = side crash area yellow = passenger compartment dark blue = frame structure light blue = crash areas 11 Body Bodywork attachments Engine bonnet Mud flap bench The engine bonnet is completely constructed of aluminium. The outer plate is 1.15 mm thick, the inner plate 0.9 mm. This thickness is novel for an inner plate. The mud flap bench is screwed in and can be then adjusted. This results in low gap thicknesses. Mud wings and bumper Sliding/flip-up roof The mud wings and the bumper are made of plastic. The wall thickness of the mud wings varies between 2.7 and 3.4 mm. The plastic that is used is resistant against high paint temperatures. This permits painting of the bumpers together with the body as a whole. The vehicle is available with two types of roof: Windows The windscreen consists of acoustic glass; an electric heater is an option. As an optional extra, privacy windows are available. Here, the glass to the rear of the B-pillar is darkened by 35%. Legend: blue = aluminium parts brown = plastic 12 - a solar roof and - a glass roof. Both systems were already used in the Volkswagen Passat. Rear window module Side window module The rear window module is made up of glass and a sheet metal frame. The parts have a new, special technique of plastic extrusion coating. In order to avoid providing a starting point for intruders, the hinges are covered by a spoiler. This consists of glass-fibre-reinforced plastic which expands only slightly when exposed to heat. This results in low gap thicknesses in this case also. The side window is connected to the panel and the trim plate by plastic extrusion coating. Setscrews are also injected into the module. The entire module is screwed to the body. Door modules The door modules (doors with mounting parts) are installed as a single unit in the doors. They can be adjusted. In order to attain the fordability of the Touareg, the doors are sealed thrice. Seals (red) S297_007 S297_011 S297_012 13 Body Body insulation Two acoustic insulation packages were developed for the Touareg. The package for petrol engines consists of bitumen foil sound deadening. For diesel engines, four of the sound deadening parts were designed as a bitumen-aluminium sandwich foil. Assembly plate Front floor Tunnel, right Lower bulkhead Upper door (4x) Lower door (4x) Front floor Tunnel, left Wheel house Rear floor Side part Upper wheel house (3x) Side part Lower spare tyre recess Wheel house Boot floor S297_013 Side spare tyre recess Rear spare tyre recess Legend: green = bitumen plastic foil green/orange = diesel engines: aluminium sandwich foil, otherwise: bitumen plastic foil 14 Towbar Four different systems are available for the Touareg: - a rigid design, a USA design with a square seat to fasten a separate towing ball, a design with a removable hitch ball, and, as the highlight, an electrically swivellable design. Electrically swivellable towbar The electrically swivellable towbar is installed as a unit behind the bumper cover. The operating unit for the system consists of a rocker button in the right-hand side panel in the boot. The swivellable towing ball can be extended/ retracted only under the following conditions: - The vehicle must be stationary. - The engine/ignition must be switched off. - The tailgate and/or the rear window must be open. - The towing ball is extended/retracted by pressing the rocker switch appropriately. In the extended position, the socket is to the right of the towing ball. It is automatically brought into the rest position when the towing ball is retracted. In order to avoid damage, the towing ball should be brought into the rest position when the system is not in use. S297_055 Further information about the electrically swivellable towbar can be found in SSP 298 ”The Touareg Electrical System” S297_046 15 Body Tailgate The tailgate of the Touareg is divided into two parts, consisting of an individual flip-up rear window and the tailgate itself. The rear window and the tailgate are reconnected by a locking mechanism when they come into contact. Two pairs of gas shock absorbers S297_096 Hinges Spoiler Tailgate Rear window S297_047 Two pairs of gas shock absorbers ensure comfortable opening and closing of the rear window and the tailgate; these are attached to the body so that they are invisible from the outside. 16 Driving stud on rear window Rear window wiper The motor for the rear window wiper is located in the tailgate, while the wiper is installed in the rear window. For this reason, there are two connections in the tailgate: one for locking the rear window and the tailgate and one for the connection between the window wiper and its motor. S297_023 Driving stud Driving plate on tailgate When the rear window is flipped up, the window wiper may twist. As a result, the position of the driving stud changes in such a way that it no longer fits in the hole of the driving plate. In this case, the spring-loaded driving stud is pressed back so that nothing is damaged. As soon as the window wiper motor is started, the driving plate turns and the driving stud locks into the opening. In this way, the window wiper and its motor are easily disconnected and then reconnected. S297_024 Opening Driving plate 17 Body Front seats The front seats of the Touareg have their own sporty characteristics, such as raised side cushions. They are heated by the electric seat heater using a carbon heating element. In addition, the front seats are integrated in the Memory Package: the seat position and the Easy-Entry setting can thus be saved for different profiles. In order to satisfy customer demands in a luxury vehicle, the upholstering of the seats is first-class. Many different cloth fabrics can be ordered, as can several leather versions. In the basic version, the Touareg comes with 8-position seats; the comfort design has 12-position seats. 8-position seat In the 8-position seat, seat adjustment is carried out manually. It has the following possible adjustments: ● ● ● ● Back-to-front direction Seat height Backrest inclination Headrest S297_025 18 Connection Compressed air connection Covering panel Under the passenger seat in the seat console, there is a connection for the air compressor. For example, a manometer can be connected here. S297_040 Hose to manometer 12-position seat The 12-position seat has the following additional possible adjustments: ● ● Seat horizontal inclination Lordosis support All adjustments other than the head-rest height are made electrically. What does ”lordosis” mean? ”Lordosis” means the forwards curvature of the spinal cord. The human spinal cord has two lordoses, one in the neck area and one in the loin. A pathologically strengthened lordosis causes a saddle back. S297_026 19 Body Rear bench The rear of the Touareg is equipped with a bench. It is designed for three persons, providing a head rest and a 3-point belt for each position. There is a central arm rest in the backrest of the central seat; this has an integrated compartment for a ski sack. The entire rear bench can be heated. The backrests of the rear bench can be folded forwards separately at a 2:1 ratio. S297_015 S297_014 Luggage net The luggage net of the Touareg is located in its own cassette. This can be mounted either behind the rear bench or – if the bench is folded down completely – behind the driver’s and passenger’s seats. The net can be pulled out and anchored in the roof liner. S297_052 20 S297_053 Roofrack In order to mount a roofrack, two chamfered C-rails are inserted into the roof of the Touareg; the carriers can be inserted into these rails. The carriers can be inserted only in the openings in the centre. Opening S297_016 Recesses S297_017 The supports have a lockable tensioning mechanism: When the lock is open and the flap disengaged, the carriers are pushed into the desired position. The carriers are fastened by closing the flap and the lock. The carrier can be locked only in the area of the recesses. If the lock is closed, the carrier is fastened. If the lock is open, the carrier can be moved. S297_018 S297_019 To avoid damage to the paint, the key for moving the carrier must be pulled out. 21 Passenger protection Airbag system Airbags The following airbags are installed in the Touareg: - Driver and (front) passenger airbag (approx. 64 l and 120 l filling volume), - Driver and front passenger side airbags (approx. 11 l filling volume), - Head airbags (approx. 22 l filling volume). Crash sensors Two Early Crash sensors are located in the front of the Touareg; these detect an accident and its magnitude early and transfer the data on to the control unit. In this way, the airbags are activated if the accident is severe. The Early Crash sensors detect the longitudinal acceleration. An additional sensor of this type is located in the airbag control unit in the centre console. In addition, four traverse acceleration sensors are fastened to the sides of the vehicle. 22 There are no side airbags in the rear of the vehicle. There, the passengers are protected by head airbags that stretch along the entire length of the vehicle. Due to their design, the head airbags are also called curtain airbags. The airbag technology (design, activation technique, etc.) is the same as in the Phaeton. Airbag control device The airbag control device is located in the centre console. It receives the signals of the six crash sensors, evaluates the data and, in the case of an accident, can trigger the following actions: - tightening the belts, activating the airbags, blasting off the battery cables, activating the hazard light system, switching off the fuel pump and opening the central locking system. Depending on the magnitude of the crash, the airbags are triggered in two stages. Airbag deactivation The front and the side airbags for the front passenger can be deactivated using the ignition key. To do this, there is a lock in the centre console next to the selection switch for the automatic gearbox; with this, the ignition key can be used to set two positions (airbag on/ airbag off). S297_020 For safety reasons, a light in the dash panel insert lights up when the airbags are deactivated. 23 Passenger protection Restraining systems Belts Ball seat belt tensioner and belt tension limiter Three-point retracting seat belts are located at all five seats in the Touareg. The belt lock and the belt limit stop are located in the seat. The height of the belt can be mechanically adjusted at all outer seats; as the top equipment option, an electric belt height adjustor and a comfort mechanism are available for the front seats. Ball seat belt tensioners are used at all four outer seats. They are pyrotechnically ignited. In addition, the driver and front passenger belts have belt tension limiters. Due to the latter, the belts are at first tensioned during a collision to provide early binding of the passengers to the vehicle structure. After a certain belt force has been attained, the belt relaxes a bit. This provides another way of reducing the collision energy. Legend: red = Three-point retracting seat belts green = ball seat belt tensioner, mechanical belt height adjustment S297_048 blue = Belt tension limiter and belt-use detection, optional comfort mechanism and electric belt height adjustment Belt use detection There is a belt-use detection system for the driver and the front passenger. In ensures that a warning signal is issued if the driver does not use the seat belt when operating the vehicle. 24 In co-operation with the comfort mechanism, the belt-use detection system is used to determine which spring of the comfort mechanism is used: When the belt lock is closed, a soft spring provides high belt comfort. If the belt is released, it rolls up quickly and safely due to a more rigid spring. Child seat fasteners Additional notes Isofix child seat fasteners are attached to the front passenger seat as well as to the outer seats of the rear bench. The collision area at the dash panel is optimised at knee height for the driver and the front passenger. Corners and sharp edges have been avoided; panelling and absorber parts deform in such a way that the risk of injury is minimised. Pedestrian protection Due to the vehicle contour, the selected material (e.g. aluminium bonnet and plastic mud flaps) and the space between the bonnet and the engine, pedestrian protection has been taken into account. In terms of pedestrian protection, the body is designed in such a manner that it deforms strategically and quickly reduces energy. S297_049 25 Drive units 3.2l V6 petrol engine The 3.2l V6 petrol engine, a further development of the 2.8l V6 engine, is also installed in the Phaeton. Due to the offroad capability of the vehicle, some of the components had to be modified. Engine management technical features ● ● ● ● Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1 Exhaust gas system with two preliminary catalytic converters and a main catalytic converter Control of the internal exhaust gas recirculation via the camshaft adjustment European On Board Diagnostic System (EOBD) with exhaust gas indicator light Technical data 3.2l V6 engine. S297_044 Torque and performance chart Torque (Nm) Engine code AZZ Construction VR engine Displacement 3,189 cm3 Bore 84 mm Stroke 95,9 mm Valves per cylinder 4 Compression ratio 400 180 360 160 320 140 280 120 11.25:1 240 100 Max. output 162 kW at 5400-6400 rpm 200 80 Max. torque 305 Nm at 3200 rpm 160 Engine management Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1 60 Fuel ROZ 98 (reduced perfor- 120 40 mance with ROZ 95) 80 20 Exhaust gas treatment Three-way catalytic converters with constant Lambda regulation Exhaust emission standard 26 Performance (kW) EU 4 40 2000 4000 6000 rpm S297_045 Engine mechanics technical features Due to the offroad capability of the Touareg, special demands are made in terms of inclination and fordability. To fulfil these demands, certain components have been modified compared to those in the same engine in the Phaeton. Oil pan Oil pump A new, deeper oil pan ensures that there is always sufficient engine oil to be taken in at every inclination of the vehicle. The oil pump has been adapted to the new oil pan in the area of oil intake. S297_073 Oil intake Seals S297_074 In vehicles with a manual gearbox, the dual-weighted flywheel must be prevented from standing in water for a long time. For this reason, the bell housing is sealed against the engine. If water nevertheless enters the bell housing when driving through water for a long time, it is expelled through an opening on the side of the bell housing by the turning movement of the dual-weighted flywheel. The crankshaft gasket on the belt drive side has an additional sealing lip. It prevents the intrusion of water and dirt into the crankcase. Belt drive The belt drive of the auxiliary assemblies has an enlarged looping angle on the pulleys. This prevents slipping of the belt when driving through water. S297_051 27 Drive units 4.2l V8 petrol engine The V8 engine was optimised and further developed especially for the Touareg, especially for offroad use. Modifications to the Touareg ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Three-stage variable intake manifold Double-flow intake with dual HFM Water-cooled 190 A alternator Fording seals Crankcase with large flangepiece Crankshaft with 10-hole flange New oil filter module Poly-V drive with 7 grooves Fordable auxiliary assemblies Offroad-capable oil intake Return flow-free fuel system Operating safety at 100% incline or decline and 70% lateral slope Technical data 4.2l V8 engine S297_101 Torque and performance chart Torque (Nm) Engine code AQF Construction V8 engine with 90° V-angle 3 Displacement 4,172 cm Bore 84.5 mm Stroke 93 mm Valves per cylinder 5 Compression ratio 11:1 Rated power 228 kW at 6200 rpm Rated load torque 410 Nm at 3000 to 4000 rpm Performance (kW) 500 250 450 225 400 200 350 175 300 150 250 125 200 100 Engine management Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1 150 Fuel ROZ 98/95 (emergency ope- 100 50 50 25 75 ration with ROZ 91) Camshaft adjustment Inlet camshaft adjustment Exhaust emission stan- EU 4 / LEV dard 0 2000 4000 6000 rpm S297_072 28 Offroad-capable oil intake Among other things, the oil intake was adapted to offroad use. During extreme climbs and driving perpendicular to slopes, an optimum oil supply must be guaranteed at all times. A deep oil pan ensures safe oil intake when driving up and down slopes. S297_102 Oil pan The oil pump (with a drain stage) supplies the engine with oil during extreme offroad driving. The drane stage stores the oil from the rear oil pan in front of the pressure pump. This ensures optimum intake at all times. Drain stage of oil pump Suction pressure stage of oil pump S297_099 The spraying tube of the drain stage separates the air out of the oil that is transported from the rear oil pan. S297_100 Oil intake at pressure Spraying tube of stage drain stage 29 Drive units 5l V10 TDI engine The V10 TDI engine is a newly developed diesel engine. It is equipped with the pump-jet injection system and combines innovative light-weight construction with enormous power. Engine mechanics technical features ● ● ● ● Cylinder block made of aluminium with an end bracket made of grey cast-iron Joining of cylinder head and cylinder block via tie-rod screw connection Balancer shaft for reducing vibrations Drive of control and auxiliary assemblies using gearwheels S297_021 Engine management technical features ● ● Two motor controllers Charged by two adjustable turbochargers Technical data ● Exhaust gas recirculation is carried out by pneumatically activated exhaust gas recirculation valves combined with electrically activated intake manifold flaps Torque and performance chart Engine code AYH Construction V engine, 90° V-angle Displacement 4,921 cm3 Bore 81 mm Stroke 95.5 mm Valves per cylinder 2 Compression ratio 18:1 Max. output 230 kW at 4000 rpm Max. torque 750 Nm at 2000 rpm Engine management Bosch EDC 16 Fuel Diesel min. 49 CZ or Torque (Nm) Performance (kW) 1000 250 800 200 600 150 400 100 200 50 0 0 biodiesel Exhaust treatment Exhaust gas recirculation and oxydation catalytic converter Exhaust emission stan- EU 3 dard 2000 3000 4000 S297_022 30 rpm Fuel tank In order to utilise the available installation space to the greatest extent possible, the fuel tank consists of a main chamber and a secondary chamber. Both chambers have an electrical fuel pump and a sucking-jet pump. There is a sender for the fuel supply on each of the two electrical fuel pumps. The fuel tanks for petrol and diesel engines differ mainly in the size of the compensator reservoir and in the attached lines. Compensator reservoir for petrol engines Compensator reservoir for diesel engines Electrical fuel pumps Fuel supply sender Sucking-jet pumps S297_042 31 Power transmission 6-speed automatic gearbox 09D Compared to the 5-speed automatic transmission, the 09D 6-speed automatic transmission provides a reduction of fuel consumption and thus a reduction of exhaust gas emissions, as well as a reduction of noise, all at significantly improved acceleration values. It was developed at AISIN, the famous Japanese manufacturer of automatic gearboxes, and is also manufactured by them. The tuning and adaptation of the gearbox and the control unit to the Touareg was carried out in co-operation with Volkswagen engineers. S297_083 Spare parts number AISIN model number Manufacturer Production date Serial number of manufacturer Gearbox code S297_089 32 Special gearbox features include: ● ● ● Switching programmes integrated into the control unit that depend on driver and driving situations as well as switching programmes that depend on driving impedance. The switching programmes are controlled by fuzzy logic. Controlled transformer bypass coupling. Lifetime ATF filling. ● ● ● Axle drive is located outside of the automatic gearbox. The hill-holder function secures the vehicle from rolling back and permits hills to be approached comfortably. Selector lever and steering wheel Tiptronic. Ventilation S297_084 Multifunction switch ATF cooler connections Technical data Volkswagen designation Gearbox codes AG6 09D with V10 TDI engine with V6 engine ATF ATF filling amount EXG EXL Lifetime filling with V10 TDI engine with V6 engine Maximum torque transmission 12 litres 9.6 litres 750 Nm Weight depending on the engine type, including ATF 97 kg -110 kg Emergency run in case of defective control unit 3rd gear and R gear 33 Power transmission Design of automatic gearbox In its basic design, the 6-gear automatic gearbox does not differ from other automatic gearboxes. It consists of: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● the torque transformer with transformer bypass coupling, the ATF pump, a simple planetary gear set according to Simpson, a dual planetary gear set according to Ravigneaux, three multi-disc couplings, two multiple disc brakes and the control valve assembly. Overview of the installation location of certain components Torque transformer with transformer bypass coupling Simple planetary gear set Dual planetary gear set Drive shaft Drive shaft ATF pump Control valve assembly S297_088 A novelty at Volkswagen is the external axle drive. From the drive shaft of the automatic gearbox, the torque of the engine enters a transfer gearbox that is flanged onto the automatic gearbox. In the transfer gearbox, the torque is divided into equal parts, or according to requirements, to the drives of the front and rear axles. 34 Selector lever settings P - Parking Locking button To move the selector lever out of the Park setting, the ignition must be switched on. In addition, the foot brake and the locking button on the selector lever must be pressed. The ignition key can be removed only in this setting. R - Reverse The locking button on the selector lever must be pressed to switch into reverse. N - Neutral The gearbox is idling in this position. If the selector lever is in this position for a long time, the magnet for the selector lever becomes active and the foot brake must be pressed to activate the lever. No power is being transmitted to the wheels. D - Drive In the Drive position, the forwards gears are switched automatically. S297_028 Sport setting Tiptronic aisle S - Sport The control unit selects gears automatically according to a sporty switching characteristic curve. The individual gears are extended further. Selector lever position and gear display. After the ignition is switched on, the current selector lever position is displayed in the dash panel insert. 123.4 km 12.3 °C 123456 km S297_086 In positions ”D” and ”S”, the gear selected in the gearbox is also displayed. 35 Power transmission Tiptronic The Tiptronic in the Touareg is available as a selector lever Tiptronic as well as a steering wheel Tiptronic. The current gear is displayed in the dash panel insert if the Tiptronic is active. 123.4 km 12.3 °C 123456 km S297_029 Selector lever Tiptronic The automatic transmission is in Tiptronic after the selector lever is moved from the ”D” position into the ”Tiptronic aisle”. Gear changes can now be effected by moving the selector lever. Move up a gear Move down a gear Steering wheel - Tiptronic The steering wheel switches offer an optimal ergonomic actuation for gear selection. Here you use: - the switch on the right to move up a gear and - the switch on the left to move down a gear. S297_030 Steering wheel switch If the selector switch is in the ”D” or ”S” setting while the steering wheel switches are pressed, the control unit for the automatic gearbox enters the Tiptronic mode. The control unit automatically reverts to the previously selected ”D” or ”S” programme if the steering wheel switches are not pressed again. S297_085 36 Selector lever locks The function of the selector lever lock and the ignition key removal lock is identical to that in the Phaeton. The selector lever is locked by N110 - the magnet for selector lever lock N110 and - the magnet for selector lever lock P N380. F319 As in the Phaeton, the ignition key can be removed only when the selector lever is in the ”P” position. The switch F319 signals to the access and start authorisation relay that the selector lever is in the ”P” position. N380 S297_087 If the magnet for selector lever lock P N380 is defective, then the selector lever cannot be moved out of the ”P” position. Therefore, the disablement has to be manually unlocked for towing the vehicle. The selector lever has to be simultaneously moved out of the ”P” position. ”Press” S297_087 Further information about the functions can be found in SSP 270 ”The Phaeton”, in the chapter about automatic gearboxes. 37 Power transmission 6-speed manual gearbox 08D The 6-gear manual gearbox was developed just for the Touareg, especially for offroad use. To improve comfort, the tried-and-tested cable control is used here. The manual gearbox 08D belongs to the standard equipment and is provided with the V6-cylinder petrol engine and the 5R-cylinder TDI diesel engine. There is a special holder on the gearbox housing; this is used to attach the cable and to activate the selector shaft. Selector cable Manual gearbox 08D 38 Switching cable The ends of the cable are attached with locknuts to the steering levers. Mass dampers act as a gear shift mass, improving handling during gear shifting. A locking pin used for setting the shift cables is located on the gearbox housing. The gear-shift lever is fastened by a rig pin for setting. Gear-shift lever S297_098 Locking pin Rig pin T10027 S297_062 Gearbox housing S297_059 39 Chassis Chassis The chassis, with its continuous four-wheel drive, provides excellent offroad driving due to its central differential with reduction stage. ● ● ● ● ● 40 Tyre inflation pressure connection under the driver’s seat (only in vehicles with air suspension) Dual wishbone front suspension Dual wishbone rear suspension with divided upper wishbone Front and rear anti-roll bars Independent wheel suspension ● But it also ensures the highest driving comfort on normal roads due to its individual rear wheel suspension. Air suspension with regulated damping optional, standard equipment in V10 TDI ● Rear transverse lock and longitudinal lock ● Foot parking brake, Duo servo drum brake ● ● ● S297_061 ● Ventilated disc brakes (front and rear) Hill incline assistant Hill decline assistant Conti Teves MK25, ESP system with braking assistant and 4-wheel EDL Tyre pressure control, optional For more detailed information on the chassis, see SSP 302 ”The Touareg Four-Wheel Drive Concept” 41 Electric system Comfort and safety electronics The comfort and safety electronics are based on that of the Phaeton. Here, we will discuss certain components and installation locations. Door control unit driver (left) and front passenger (right) For more detailed information and notes, see SSP 298 ”The Touareg Electrical System”, which describes the functions. Starter battery under the driver's seat Door control unit left and right rear Kessy antenna at 8° loading base with 4C-Climatronic Kessy antenna at 8° loading base Kessy antenna at 0° loading base On-board network battery in boot (optional), in vehicles with V10 TDI engine series 42 Control unit for on-board network Access and start authorisation relay Orientation illumination in the exterior mirrors driver and front passenger sides Kessy antennae in the door handles, driver and front passenger sides, front and rear Comfort system central control unit S297_050 43 Heating/air-conditioning system Air-conditioning in the Touareg A total of three different equipment versions are available for the air-conditioning of the vehicle interior in terms of temperature control, air distribution and regulation of the air amount. Depending on the desired comfort, there are two air-conditioning systems with automatic control. ● ● 4C-Climatronic with 4-zone airconditioning 2C-Climatronic with 2-zone airconditioning The third variant is the standard manually controllable air-conditioning system. The following characteristics are available in all the variants: - air side-controlled heating function, residual heat function, dust and pollen filter with activated carbon, air-conditioned glove compartment. The temperature range available in both systems is between 16°C and 29.5°C. The figure shows the Touareg with a 4C-Climatronic. S297_057 Despite different functions, the designs of the three variants are based on one another; this simplifies repairs and maintenance. 44 At first glance, one can differentiate the variants by the varying designs and appearances of the operating and display units. 4C-Climatronic Front operating and display unit S297_033 This system has two operating and display units. The front operating and display unit is located in the dash panel; this can be used mainly to select the settings for the climate zones of the front passenger compartment. The operating and display unit located in the rear centre console can be used to select the settings for the climate zones of the rear passenger compartment. Rear operating and display unit S297_038 Front airconditioning unit Two air-conditioning units are used to condition the passenger compartment. The front air-conditioning unit is located below the dash panel; it conditions the front passenger compartment. The rear air-conditioning unit is located behind the side panel in the left-hand side of the boot; it is used to condition the rear seats. Both air-conditioning units have one evaporator, one heat exchanger and one blower each. Therefore, the temperature and the air amount can be independently set for the front and rear climate zones. A multitude of ventilation flaps in the airconditioning units and the air distribution housings are electromechanically set, permitting individual air distribution. S297_035 Rear airconditioning unit 45 Heating/air-conditioning system 2C-Climatronic The 2C-Climatronic has an operating and display unit in the dash panel. Operating and display unit S297_036 Compared to the 4C-Climatronic, there are the following differences in automatic operation: - The temperature can be independently set for the left-hand and right-hand passenger compartments. - The air amount and air distribution are set uniformly for the entire passenger compartment. Airconditioning unit In terms of construction, the 2C-Climatronic differs from the 4C-Climatronic mainly by: - the use of an air-conditioning unit below the front dash panel, - an air duct through the front doors to the air outlets in the B-pillar, - an air duct through the centre console to the air outlets in the rear centre console. S297_037 46 Manual air-conditioning system Operating unit Using the operating unit in the dash panel, the occupants can set the air-conditioning of the entire interior according to their individual wishes. S297_091 Dial Airconditioning unit In the manual air-conditioning system, the entire passenger compartment is uniformly conditioned. There is no automatic climate control for the temperature, air distribution or air quantity. The structural features of the air ducts are generally the same as those of the 2C-Climatronic. S297_039 Due to safety regulations regarding collision protection, the knobs and buttons of the operating and display units are constructed in such a manner that, in the case of a collision, they can be pressed into the unit by penetrating break-out points. During installation, pay special attention that you do not exert pressure on the knobs and buttons; otherwise, these break-out points may break. For more detailed information on the air-conditioning system variants, please consult SSP 301 ”The Touareg Heating/Air-Conditioning System”. 47 Radio and navigation Delta radio system With small deviations, the Delta radio system corresponds to the Delta radio system that can be found, for example, in the 2003 Passat model. The main difference to this system is the design of the user interface, with a larger display and overall dimensions that were adapted to the dash panel. Their are further modifications in the arrangement of the function keys and their designations. The sound settings in this system are selected using the buttons ”Sound” and ”B/F” for Balance and Fader. After the button is pressed, the corresponding menu appears in the display; the sound settings can be changed by turning the right-hand knob/button. Knob/ button B/F button Sound button S297_041 Due to safety regulations regarding collision protection, the knobs and buttons are constructed in such a manner that, in the case of a collision, they can be pressed into the unit by penetrating break-out points. During installation, pay special attention that you do not exert pressure on the knobs and buttons; otherwise, these break-out points may break. For more detailed information on the Delta radio system, please consult SSP 251 ”The Passat W8” and the corresponding operating instructions. 48 The RN S2 radio/navigation system The radio/navigation system in the Touareg is a further development that is technically based on the MFD radio/navigation system, which can be found, for example in the 2003 Golf model. In terms of appearance, the design, the user interface and the overall dimensions have changed. 1.0 km Off-road display Height back with ESC Knobs/buttons S297_054 The most important differences are: - enlarged 6.5 inch colour display, function keys with new designations and functions, TMC tuner integrated in the unit, audio-capable CD drive, modular connector plug with central lock, plug- and colour-coded connector plug for FM/AM and GPS antennae inlets, signal transfer via the CAN bus infotainment system between the control unit for TV/radio/ navigation and the diagnostic interface in the dash panel insert, - offroad function, - position-finding display with compass display. Due to safety regulations regarding collision protection, the knobs and buttons are constructed in such a manner that, in the case of a collision, they can be pressed into the unit by penetrating break-out points. During installation, pay special attention that you do not exert pressure on the knobs and buttons; otherwise, these break-out points may break. 49 Radio and navigation Operation of RN S2 radio/navigation system The functions of new and – compared to the MFD radio/navigation system – modified key designations are described and summarised below. Function keys to call up various functions which are shown by the adjoining symbols in the display. Slot for an audio or navigation CD S297_064 Button for setting FM or AM stations INFO button for: - system information, - off-road display, - list of routes, - TIM function, - TMC stations and - text messages. Button for telephone Button for calling up the menu for the audio CD* Calls up the menu for controlling an additional connected TV tuner, audio or video device *If the optional CD changer is equipped, it is activated. 50 Calling up the navigation menu ESC key for calling up the prior or main menu MAP button for calling up the map display or the symbol display if a navigation CD has been inserted Offroad navigation In addition to the menus for entering the destination and the path to the destination that have been used previously in the radio/ navigation system, RN S2 provides a further navigation option with the menu ”Offroad tour”. It is especially useful during offroad driving where digital information is not available. This function is implemented using software and uses the system components used previously. Navigation display New address Destination Dest. on map Last dest. Hunting lodge Position dest. From dst. mem. Travel guide Special dests. Offroad tour To flagged dst. Edit memory Destination 4 2 back with ESC 3 S297_075 5 1 S297_065 The transition between the two navigation types (standard and offroad) occurs automatically; however, the RN S2 does not automatically switch back to standard navigation. Offroad navigation can be selected using function key ”Offroad tour” in the ”Destination” submenu. The offroad functions have the following possible selections: - Recording, calling up and editing GPS-coded offroad tours. - Placing waypoints, and assigning names to them, within tours to mark special locations (e.g. ”Hunting lodge”, see flag 5 in the figure). - Display of the next waypoint by a red flag and an arrow. - Compass display with position information in degrees, minutes and seconds. - Reverse function: The recorded waypoints can also be driven in the opposite direction. Some of the offroad functions are shown on the following pages. The offroad function will not be available when the vehicle is introduced to market. It is planned that the missing offroad function be implemented via a software update for all RN S2 radio/navigation units at a later point in time. 51 Radio and navigation Starting offroad navigation Start Destination Destination Hunting lodge After navigation has been started using the main menu button ”NAVI”, the submenu ”Destination” must be selected. Stop over Route opt. Settings S297_092 New address Destination Dest. on map Last dest. Hunting lodge Position dest. From dst. mem. The submenu ”Destination” has the function ”Offroad tour”, with which the offroad functions can be started. Travel guide Special dests. Offroad tour To flagged dst. Edit memory Destination back with ESC S297_075 Select tour Record tour Enter tour Recording an offroad tour Using the function ”Record tour”, a new offroad tour can be created. Up to 7 tours can be stored. Delete tour Waypoint list Edit tour back with ESC Offroad tour S297_079 Offroad tour recording used up till now: 0 WP free: 21 WP Start recording Destination The recording starting point is selected separately. By pressing the ”Flagged destination” button, individual waypoints (WP) can be set. Stop over Route opt. Settings S297_078 Add present location to tour as waypoint? do not add Stop recording add immediat. free: 21 WP back with ESC S297_075 52 As shown in the figure to the left, a query appears asking if you would like to mark the starting point of the tour as a waypoint. Offroad tour recording used up till now: 1 WP free: 20 WP Stop recording Destination Stop over Route opt. Settings Set waypoints by: Waypoints The memory of the navigation system allows a total of 50 waypoints to be stored. In the example shown, a tour in which one waypoint has already been set and 20 points are still free is recorded. S297_080 Select tour Record tour Enter tour A maximum of 40 waypoints can be stored in a tour. The waypoints of all tours are stored in a list; they can be called up using the function ”Waypoint list”. Delete tour Edit tour Waypoint list back with ESC Offroad tour S297_077 During active destination guidance, waypoints of the current tour can be called up using the function ”Route list”. An acoustic signal confirms that a waypoint has been reached. Tour waypoints 1 Rock 2 Tree 3 Bridge 4 Tower 5 Hunting lodge OK back with ESC S297_081 Driving tours in the opposite direction Drive: Position 1 from: 1 Rock Opposite direct. to: 5 Hunting lodge whole tour partially This function can be used to return to the starting point of a tour. The stored waypoints are driven in the opposite direction. back with ESC S297_082 Destination guidance using offroad tours In addition to the display in which the next waypoint is indicated by a red flag, an arrow within the display shows the direction that is to be driven. Voice output is not used in destination guidance. A 1.4 km 500 m S297_095 53 Service New operating equipment ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Portal calibre supplement VAS 5007/16 Spring tensioning unit VAS 6046 Spring bracket VAS 6046/3 Uptake kit for scissors lifting table VAS 6131/5 Hydraulic cylinder VAS 6178 to remove the wheel bearing and the front wishbone Guide angle plug set VAS 6215 Mudguard protector VAS 6225 S297_097 54 Notes 55 297 Only for internal use © VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg All rights reserved 000.2811.17.20 Issued 09/02 ❀ No chlorine was used to bleach this paper during manufacture.