Volkswagen TOUAREG - Technical data

Service.
Self-Study Programme 297
Touareg
After the Passat W8 and the innovative Phaeton,
the Touareg completes the trio in Volkswagen’s
luxury class product strategy. The Touareg is
primarily an exclusive off-road vehicle, but it also
satisfies the requirements for business and
travel limousines.
The Touareg’s adaptability to extremely varying
driving conditions is a result of, for example,
the continuous electronically controlled fourwheel drive, high-torque engines and its dual
wishbone chassis.
S297_001
There are separate self-study programmes on the following topics:
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SSP 298:
SSP 299:
SSP 300:
SSP 301:
SSP 302:
SSP 303:
SSP 304:
The Touareg, Electrical System
6-Speed Manual Gearbox O8D
6-Speed Automatic Gearbox 09D
The Touareg Heating/Air-Conditioning System
The Touareg Four-Wheel Concept
The V10 TDI Engine
Electronic Diesel Control EDC 16
NEW
The self-study programme depicts the design and
operation of new developments!
Contents will not be updated.
2
Current testing, adjustment and repair instructions
may be found in the appropriate service material.
Caution
Note
At a glance
In a nutshell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Passenger protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Drive units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Chassis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Electric system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Heating and air-conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Radio and navigation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
3
In a nutshell
The name Touareg
The name Tuareg (or Touareg) means ”free
people”. Thus, the Volkswagen Touareg has the
name of a traditional African desert tribe that
has made a name for itself in Africa due to its
trade in precious goods. The proud Tuareg, with
their camel caravans and the mysterious
appearance of their face veils, stand for the
dream of limitless freedom under the mercilessly
tough conditions of the desert.
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The name was selected to characterise the
Touareg as an exclusive off-road vehicle that
proves itself as much in a rocky river bed as on
the motorway. With its excellent on- and offroad
characteristics and its elegant-progressive
design, the Touareg is just as suitable as an
off-road vehicle as a business, recreational and
travel vehicle.
Offroad capability
To test the offroad characteristics of the Touareg,
an offroad test track was specially built in Ehra
(near Wolfsburg), Germany.
Here, the multifaceted vehicle
could show its stuff.
The test track consists of:
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a short offroad stretch,
a climbing hill, a section of which with shelves,
a dry river bed simulation,
a torsion module
and a shallow basin.
The Touareg was tested and optimised on the test
track for the following characteristics,
among others:
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traction,
torsion,
acceleration behaviour and driving on inclines,
supply of operating fluids,
engine drag torque,
suspension comfort,
impermeability,
noise emission in load situations,
ground clearance
and bumpers.
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5
In a nutshell
Touareg
Technical equipment
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off- and onroad suitability
electronic differential block (EDB)
4-corner air suspension
two-part tailgate
modular roofrack system
acceleration assistant
mountain decline assistant
fully galvanised, self-supporting body
engine braking control (EBC)
good fordability due to
diverse seals
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Power
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powerful engine range
with V10 diesel engine
6-gear automatic or manual gearbox for
continuous four-wheel drive with central
differential and reduction level
central differential lock
high-performance braking system
roof load up to 100 kg
fuel tank volume 100 l
trailer load 3500 kg
acoustically sealed interior
Safety
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Electronic Stability Programme (ESP)
Electronic Brake Pressure
Distribution (EBPD)
front, head and side airbags
electric crash management with
battery cut-off relay
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)
Traction Control System (TCS)
Hydraulic Braking Assistant (HBA)
pedestrian protection taken into account
extensive belt system
Isofix retainers as standard
electronic immobiliser
Comfort
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4C-Climatronic, 2C-Climatronic
or manual air-conditioning system
radio navigation system
with offroad functionality
8- or 12-position seats
comfortable back seat
large boot volume
with variable luggage net
sockets
electrically swivellable towbar
air-conditioned glove compartment
comfort interior lighting
adjustable steering wheel
easy operability of all systems
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7
In a nutshell
Technical data
The figure shows the dimensions of the Touareg with a V6 engine.
926
2855
973
4754
1726
2217
1664,5
1653
1928
S297_005
Dimensions and weights
Length
Approx. 4,754 mm
Front track width
from 1,645 to 1,658 mm*
Width
Approx. 1,928 mm
Rear track width
from 1,657 to 1,664.5 mm*
Height
from 1,703 to 1,726 mm*
Total permitted weight
from 2,850 to 3,080 kg*
Roof load
100 kg
Dead weight
from 2,214 to 2,524 kg*
Trailer load
3,500 kg
Boot space
from 555 to 1,570 l**
Tank volume
100 l
Drag coefficient
from 0.38 to 0.42 cw*
*depending on the engine
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** for V10 TDI: from 550 to 1,525 l
Offroad driving
The offroad capability of the Touareg is proven by the following data:
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Maximum climbing capability:
(= 100% slope)
45°
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Maximum possible lateral inclination: 35°
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Ground clearance:
Steel suspension max.:
Air suspension max.:
237 mm
300 mm
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Drivable angle of slope:
Steel suspension max.:
Air suspension max.:
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Drivable ramp angle:
Steel suspension max.:
Air suspension max.:
22°
27°
28°
33°
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Possible ford depth:
Steel suspension max.:
Air suspension max.:
500 mm
580 mm
What does ”ford depth” mean?
The ford depth indicates through what water height a vehicle can slowly drive without the engine taking
on water or water entering the vehicle.
9
Body
The Touareg’s raw body
The body of the Touareg is a completely new,
self-supporting construction. It is designed to
attain a rigidity that is as static and dynamic
as possible. To accomplish this, a series of special
sheet metals were used, such as:
- High-strength sheet metals: These sheet metals,
made of special steel, are more stable than
”normal” sheet metals without causing an
increase in weight.
- Tailored blanks: Sheet metals that have
different thicknesses depending on the loads
where they are used.
Itstead of the usual ladder frame, the body has
integrated longitudinal bearers that run through
the vehicle. In the front and the rear, they are
manufactured from tailored blanks.
C-rails with fastening points for roofracks are set
into the roof.
Cavities have been made for the gas shock
absorbers in the tailgate.
What does ”self-supporting” mean?
In a self-supporting body, the framework
and the structure form an inseparable
unit.
Static rigidity
The body of the Touareg has a very high
static rigidity. It does not warp, even during
offroad driving, where large forces affect
the body. The chassis can be optimally
designed; the doors and flaps always close
without problems, even with the
tightest gaps.
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Safety aspects
To improve the look of the vehicle, the roof is
connected to the side parts by laser soldering.
As a result, the seam is unnecessary.
In addition to the measures mentioned above,
the body was designed to survive crashes well
using profiles and an auxiliary frame. In the sills
(side members), tubes with a wall thickness of
3 mm were installed, which optimised the
side-post crash behaviour. Overall, the crash
behaviour of the Touareg is similar to that a very
good automobile – unusual for such a vehicle.
In addition, the roof structure is reinforced to
increase the safety for the occupants during a
rollover.
Dynamic rigidity
The high dynamic torsion rigidity of the body
results in favourable vibration characteristics
and thus excellent driving comfort.
Legend:
violet
= side crash area
yellow
= passenger compartment
dark blue = frame structure
light blue = crash areas
11
Body
Bodywork attachments
Engine bonnet
Mud flap bench
The engine bonnet is completely constructed of
aluminium. The outer plate is 1.15 mm thick,
the inner plate 0.9 mm. This thickness is novel for
an inner plate.
The mud flap bench is screwed in and can be
then adjusted. This results in low gap thicknesses.
Mud wings and bumper
Sliding/flip-up roof
The mud wings and the bumper are made of
plastic. The wall thickness of the mud wings
varies between 2.7 and 3.4 mm. The plastic that is
used is resistant against high paint temperatures.
This permits painting of the bumpers together
with the body as a whole.
The vehicle is available with two types of roof:
Windows
The windscreen consists of acoustic glass;
an electric heater is an option.
As an optional extra, privacy windows are
available. Here, the glass to the rear of the
B-pillar is darkened by 35%.
Legend:
blue
= aluminium parts
brown = plastic
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- a solar roof and
- a glass roof.
Both systems were already used in the
Volkswagen Passat.
Rear window module
Side window module
The rear window module is made up of glass and
a sheet metal frame. The parts have a new,
special technique of plastic extrusion coating.
In order to avoid providing a starting point for
intruders, the hinges are covered by a spoiler.
This consists of glass-fibre-reinforced plastic
which expands only slightly when exposed to
heat. This results in low gap thicknesses in this
case also.
The side window is connected to the panel and
the trim plate by plastic extrusion coating.
Setscrews are also injected into the module. The
entire module is screwed to the body.
Door modules
The door modules (doors with mounting parts)
are installed as a single unit in the doors.
They can be adjusted. In order to attain the
fordability of the Touareg, the doors are sealed
thrice.
Seals (red)
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S297_011
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Body
Body insulation
Two acoustic insulation packages were developed for the Touareg. The package for petrol engines
consists of bitumen foil sound deadening. For diesel engines, four of the sound deadening parts were
designed as a bitumen-aluminium sandwich foil.
Assembly plate
Front floor
Tunnel, right
Lower bulkhead
Upper door (4x)
Lower door (4x)
Front floor
Tunnel, left
Wheel house
Rear floor
Side part
Upper wheel
house (3x)
Side part
Lower spare tyre
recess
Wheel house
Boot floor
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Side spare tyre recess
Rear spare tyre recess
Legend:
green
= bitumen plastic foil
green/orange = diesel engines: aluminium sandwich foil, otherwise: bitumen plastic foil
14
Towbar
Four different systems are available for the Touareg:
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a rigid design,
a USA design with a square seat to fasten a separate towing ball,
a design with a removable hitch ball, and,
as the highlight, an electrically swivellable design.
Electrically swivellable towbar
The electrically swivellable towbar is installed as a unit behind the bumper cover. The operating unit for
the system consists of a rocker button in the right-hand side panel in the boot.
The swivellable towing ball can be extended/
retracted only under the following conditions:
- The vehicle must be stationary.
- The engine/ignition must be switched off.
- The tailgate and/or the rear window must be
open.
- The towing ball is extended/retracted
by pressing the rocker switch appropriately.
In the extended position, the socket is to the right
of the towing ball. It is automatically brought into
the rest position when the towing ball
is retracted.
In order to avoid damage,
the towing ball should be
brought into the rest position
when the system is not in use.
S297_055
Further information about the
electrically swivellable towbar
can be found in SSP 298
”The Touareg Electrical
System”
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Body
Tailgate
The tailgate of the Touareg is divided into two
parts, consisting of an individual flip-up rear
window and the tailgate itself.
The rear window and the tailgate are
reconnected by a locking mechanism
when they come into contact.
Two pairs of gas shock absorbers
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Hinges
Spoiler
Tailgate
Rear window
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Two pairs of gas shock absorbers ensure
comfortable opening and closing of the rear
window and the tailgate; these are attached to
the body so that they are invisible
from the outside.
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Driving stud on rear window
Rear window wiper
The motor for the rear window wiper is located in
the tailgate, while the wiper is installed in the
rear window.
For this reason, there are two connections in the
tailgate: one for locking the rear window and the
tailgate and one for the connection between the
window wiper and its motor.
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Driving stud
Driving plate on tailgate
When the rear window is flipped up, the window
wiper may twist. As a result, the position of the
driving stud changes in such a way that it no
longer fits in the hole of the driving plate.
In this case, the spring-loaded driving stud is
pressed back so that nothing is damaged.
As soon as the window wiper motor is started,
the driving plate turns and the driving stud locks
into the opening.
In this way, the window wiper and its motor are
easily disconnected and then reconnected.
S297_024
Opening
Driving plate
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Body
Front seats
The front seats of the Touareg have their own
sporty characteristics, such as raised side
cushions. They are heated by the electric seat
heater using a carbon heating element.
In addition, the front seats are integrated in the
Memory Package: the seat position and the
Easy-Entry setting can thus be saved
for different profiles.
In order to satisfy customer demands in a luxury
vehicle, the upholstering of the seats is first-class.
Many different cloth fabrics can be ordered, as
can several leather versions.
In the basic version, the Touareg comes with
8-position seats; the comfort design has
12-position seats.
8-position seat
In the 8-position seat, seat adjustment is carried
out manually.
It has the following possible adjustments:
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Back-to-front direction
Seat height
Backrest inclination
Headrest
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Connection
Compressed air connection
Covering panel
Under the passenger seat in the seat console,
there is a connection for the air compressor.
For example, a manometer can be connected
here.
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Hose to
manometer
12-position seat
The 12-position seat has the following
additional possible adjustments:
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Seat horizontal inclination
Lordosis support
All adjustments other than the head-rest
height are made electrically.
What does ”lordosis” mean?
”Lordosis” means the forwards
curvature of the spinal cord.
The human spinal cord has two
lordoses, one in the neck area and
one in the loin.
A pathologically strengthened
lordosis causes a saddle back.
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Body
Rear bench
The rear of the Touareg is equipped with a bench. It is designed for three persons, providing a head rest
and a 3-point belt for each position.
There is a central arm rest in the backrest of the central seat; this has an integrated compartment
for a ski sack.
The entire rear bench can be heated. The backrests of the rear bench can be folded forwards
separately at a 2:1 ratio.
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Luggage net
The luggage net of the Touareg is located in its own cassette. This can be mounted either behind the rear
bench or – if the bench is folded down completely – behind the driver’s and passenger’s seats.
The net can be pulled out and anchored in the roof liner.
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Roofrack
In order to mount a roofrack, two chamfered
C-rails are inserted into the roof of the Touareg;
the carriers can be inserted into these rails.
The carriers can be inserted only in the openings
in the centre.
Opening
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Recesses
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The supports have a lockable tensioning mechanism: When the lock is open and the flap disengaged,
the carriers are pushed into the desired position. The carriers are fastened by closing the flap and the
lock. The carrier can be locked only in the area of the recesses.
If the lock is closed, the carrier is fastened.
If the lock is open, the carrier can be moved.
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To avoid damage to the paint, the key for moving the carrier must be pulled out.
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Passenger protection
Airbag system
Airbags
The following airbags are installed
in the Touareg:
- Driver and (front) passenger airbag
(approx. 64 l and 120 l filling volume),
- Driver and front passenger side airbags
(approx. 11 l filling volume),
- Head airbags
(approx. 22 l filling volume).
Crash sensors
Two Early Crash sensors are located in the front
of the Touareg; these detect an accident and its
magnitude early and transfer the data on to the
control unit.
In this way, the airbags are activated if the
accident is severe.
The Early Crash sensors detect the longitudinal
acceleration. An additional sensor of this type is
located in the airbag control unit in the centre
console.
In addition, four traverse acceleration sensors
are fastened to the sides of the vehicle.
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There are no side airbags in the rear of the
vehicle. There, the passengers are protected by
head airbags that stretch along the entire length
of the vehicle. Due to their design, the head
airbags are also called curtain airbags.
The airbag technology (design, activation
technique, etc.) is the same as in the Phaeton.
Airbag control device
The airbag control device is located in the centre
console. It receives the signals of the six crash
sensors, evaluates the data and, in the case of
an accident, can trigger the following actions:
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tightening the belts,
activating the airbags,
blasting off the battery cables,
activating the hazard light system,
switching off the fuel pump and
opening the central locking system.
Depending on the magnitude of the crash,
the airbags are triggered in two stages.
Airbag deactivation
The front and the side airbags for the front
passenger can be deactivated using the ignition
key. To do this, there is a lock in the centre
console next to the selection switch for the
automatic gearbox; with this, the ignition key
can be used to set two positions
(airbag on/ airbag off).
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For safety reasons, a light in the dash panel
insert lights up when the airbags
are deactivated.
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Passenger protection
Restraining systems
Belts
Ball seat belt tensioner and belt tension limiter
Three-point retracting seat belts are located at all
five seats in the Touareg. The belt lock and the
belt limit stop are located in the seat. The height
of the belt can be mechanically adjusted at all
outer seats; as the top equipment option,
an electric belt height adjustor and a comfort
mechanism are available for the front seats.
Ball seat belt tensioners are used at all four outer
seats. They are pyrotechnically ignited.
In addition, the driver and front passenger belts
have belt tension limiters.
Due to the latter, the belts are at first tensioned
during a collision to provide early binding of the
passengers to the vehicle structure.
After a certain belt force has been attained,
the belt relaxes a bit.
This provides another way of reducing
the collision energy.
Legend:
red
= Three-point retracting seat belts
green = ball seat belt tensioner,
mechanical belt height adjustment
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blue
= Belt tension limiter and belt-use
detection, optional comfort mechanism
and electric belt height adjustment
Belt use detection
There is a belt-use detection system for the driver
and the front passenger. In ensures that a
warning signal is issued if the driver does not use
the seat belt when operating the vehicle.
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In co-operation with the comfort mechanism,
the belt-use detection system is used to
determine which spring of the comfort
mechanism is used: When the belt lock is closed,
a soft spring provides high belt comfort.
If the belt is released, it rolls up quickly and
safely due to a more rigid spring.
Child seat fasteners
Additional notes
Isofix child seat fasteners are attached to the
front passenger seat as well as to the outer seats
of the rear bench.
The collision area at the dash panel is optimised
at knee height for the driver and
the front passenger.
Corners and sharp edges have been avoided;
panelling and absorber parts deform in such a
way that the risk of injury is minimised.
Pedestrian protection
Due to the vehicle contour, the selected material
(e.g. aluminium bonnet and plastic mud flaps)
and the space between the bonnet and the
engine, pedestrian protection has been taken
into account.
In terms of pedestrian protection, the body is
designed in such a manner that it deforms
strategically and quickly reduces energy.
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Drive units
3.2l V6 petrol engine
The 3.2l V6 petrol engine, a further development
of the 2.8l V6 engine, is also installed in the
Phaeton. Due to the offroad capability of the
vehicle, some of the components
had to be modified.
Engine management technical features
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Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1
Exhaust gas system with two preliminary
catalytic converters and
a main catalytic converter
Control of the internal exhaust gas
recirculation via the camshaft adjustment
European On Board Diagnostic System
(EOBD) with exhaust gas indicator light
Technical data 3.2l V6 engine.
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Torque and performance chart
Torque (Nm)
Engine code
AZZ
Construction
VR engine
Displacement
3,189 cm3
Bore
84 mm
Stroke
95,9 mm
Valves per cylinder
4
Compression ratio
400
180
360
160
320
140
280
120
11.25:1
240
100
Max. output
162 kW at 5400-6400 rpm
200
80
Max. torque
305 Nm at 3200 rpm
160
Engine management
Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1
60
Fuel
ROZ 98 (reduced perfor-
120
40
mance with ROZ 95)
80
20
Exhaust gas treatment
Three-way catalytic converters with constant Lambda
regulation
Exhaust emission standard
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Performance (kW)
EU 4
40
2000
4000
6000
rpm
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Engine mechanics technical features
Due to the offroad capability of the Touareg, special demands are made in terms of inclination and
fordability. To fulfil these demands, certain components have been modified compared to those in the
same engine in the Phaeton.
Oil pan
Oil pump
A new, deeper oil pan ensures that there is
always sufficient engine oil to be taken in at
every inclination of the vehicle. The oil pump
has been adapted to the new oil pan in the
area of oil intake.
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Oil intake
Seals
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In vehicles with a manual gearbox,
the dual-weighted flywheel must be prevented
from standing in water for a long time.
For this reason, the bell housing is sealed against
the engine. If water nevertheless enters the bell
housing when driving through water for a long
time, it is expelled through an opening on the
side of the bell housing by the turning movement
of the dual-weighted flywheel.
The crankshaft gasket on the belt drive side has
an additional sealing lip. It prevents the intrusion
of water and dirt into the crankcase.
Belt drive
The belt drive of the auxiliary assemblies has an
enlarged looping angle on the pulleys.
This prevents slipping of the belt when driving
through water.
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Drive units
4.2l V8 petrol engine
The V8 engine was optimised and further
developed especially for the Touareg,
especially for offroad use.
Modifications to the Touareg
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Three-stage variable intake manifold
Double-flow intake with dual HFM
Water-cooled 190 A alternator
Fording seals
Crankcase with large flangepiece
Crankshaft with 10-hole flange
New oil filter module
Poly-V drive with 7 grooves
Fordable auxiliary assemblies
Offroad-capable oil intake
Return flow-free fuel system
Operating safety at 100% incline or
decline and 70% lateral slope
Technical data 4.2l V8 engine
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Torque and performance chart
Torque (Nm)
Engine code
AQF
Construction
V8 engine with 90° V-angle
3
Displacement
4,172 cm
Bore
84.5 mm
Stroke
93 mm
Valves per cylinder
5
Compression ratio
11:1
Rated power
228 kW at 6200 rpm
Rated load torque
410 Nm at 3000 to
4000 rpm
Performance (kW)
500
250
450
225
400
200
350
175
300
150
250
125
200
100
Engine management
Bosch Motronic ME 7.1.1
150
Fuel
ROZ 98/95 (emergency ope-
100
50
50
25
75
ration with ROZ 91)
Camshaft adjustment
Inlet camshaft adjustment
Exhaust emission stan-
EU 4 / LEV
dard
0
2000
4000
6000
rpm
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Offroad-capable oil intake
Among other things, the oil intake was adapted to offroad use. During extreme
climbs and driving perpendicular to slopes, an optimum oil supply must be guaranteed at all times.
A deep oil pan ensures safe oil intake when
driving up and down slopes.
S297_102
Oil pan
The oil pump (with a drain stage) supplies the
engine with oil during extreme offroad driving.
The drane stage stores the oil from the rear oil
pan in front of the pressure pump. This ensures
optimum intake at all times.
Drain stage
of oil pump
Suction pressure
stage of oil pump
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The spraying tube of the drain stage separates
the air out of the oil that is transported from the
rear oil pan.
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Oil intake at pressure
Spraying tube of
stage
drain stage
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Drive units
5l V10 TDI engine
The V10 TDI engine is a newly developed diesel
engine. It is equipped with the pump-jet injection
system and combines innovative light-weight
construction with enormous power.
Engine mechanics technical features
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Cylinder block made of aluminium with an
end bracket made of grey cast-iron
Joining of cylinder head and cylinder
block via tie-rod screw connection
Balancer shaft for reducing vibrations
Drive of control and auxiliary
assemblies using gearwheels
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Engine management technical features
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Two motor controllers
Charged by two adjustable
turbochargers
Technical data
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Exhaust gas recirculation is carried out by
pneumatically activated exhaust gas
recirculation valves combined with electrically
activated intake manifold flaps
Torque and performance chart
Engine code
AYH
Construction
V engine, 90° V-angle
Displacement
4,921 cm3
Bore
81 mm
Stroke
95.5 mm
Valves per cylinder
2
Compression ratio
18:1
Max. output
230 kW at 4000 rpm
Max. torque
750 Nm at 2000 rpm
Engine management
Bosch EDC 16
Fuel
Diesel min. 49 CZ or
Torque (Nm)
Performance (kW)
1000
250
800
200
600
150
400
100
200
50
0
0
biodiesel
Exhaust treatment
Exhaust gas recirculation and
oxydation catalytic converter
Exhaust emission stan-
EU 3
dard
2000
3000
4000
S297_022
30
rpm
Fuel tank
In order to utilise the available installation space to the greatest extent possible, the fuel tank consists of
a main chamber and a secondary chamber. Both chambers have an electrical fuel pump and a
sucking-jet pump. There is a sender for the fuel supply on each of the two electrical fuel pumps.
The fuel tanks for petrol and diesel engines differ mainly in the size of the compensator reservoir
and in the attached lines.
Compensator reservoir for
petrol engines
Compensator reservoir for
diesel engines
Electrical fuel pumps
Fuel supply
sender
Sucking-jet pumps
S297_042
31
Power transmission
6-speed automatic gearbox 09D
Compared to the 5-speed automatic transmission, the 09D 6-speed automatic transmission provides a
reduction of fuel consumption and thus a reduction of exhaust gas emissions, as well as a reduction of
noise, all at significantly improved acceleration values.
It was developed at AISIN, the famous Japanese manufacturer of automatic gearboxes, and is also
manufactured by them. The tuning and adaptation of the gearbox and the control unit to the Touareg
was carried out in co-operation with Volkswagen engineers.
S297_083
Spare parts number
AISIN model number
Manufacturer
Production date
Serial number of
manufacturer
Gearbox code
S297_089
32
Special gearbox features include:
●
●
●
Switching programmes integrated into the
control unit that depend on driver and driving
situations as well as switching programmes
that depend on driving impedance.
The switching programmes are
controlled by fuzzy logic.
Controlled transformer bypass coupling.
Lifetime ATF filling.
●
●
●
Axle drive is located outside of the
automatic gearbox.
The hill-holder function secures the vehicle
from rolling back and permits hills to be
approached comfortably.
Selector lever and steering wheel Tiptronic.
Ventilation
S297_084
Multifunction switch
ATF cooler connections
Technical data
Volkswagen designation
Gearbox codes
AG6 09D
with V10 TDI engine
with V6 engine
ATF
ATF filling amount
EXG
EXL
Lifetime filling
with V10 TDI engine
with V6 engine
Maximum torque transmission
12 litres
9.6 litres
750 Nm
Weight
depending on the
engine type, including ATF
97 kg -110 kg
Emergency run
in case of defective control
unit
3rd gear and R gear
33
Power transmission
Design of automatic gearbox
In its basic design, the 6-gear automatic gearbox does not differ from other automatic gearboxes.
It consists of:
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
the torque transformer with transformer bypass coupling,
the ATF pump,
a simple planetary gear set according to Simpson,
a dual planetary gear set according to Ravigneaux,
three multi-disc couplings,
two multiple disc brakes and
the control valve assembly.
Overview of the installation location of certain components
Torque transformer with transformer
bypass coupling
Simple
planetary gear set
Dual
planetary gear set
Drive
shaft
Drive
shaft
ATF pump
Control valve assembly
S297_088
A novelty at Volkswagen is the external axle drive. From the drive shaft of the automatic gearbox,
the torque of the engine enters a transfer gearbox that is flanged onto the automatic gearbox.
In the transfer gearbox, the torque is divided into equal parts, or according to requirements,
to the drives of the front and rear axles.
34
Selector lever settings
P - Parking
Locking button
To move the selector lever out of the Park setting,
the ignition must be switched on. In addition, the
foot brake and the locking button on the selector
lever must be pressed.
The ignition key can be removed only
in this setting.
R - Reverse
The locking button on the selector lever must be
pressed to switch into reverse.
N - Neutral
The gearbox is idling in this position.
If the selector lever is in this position for a long
time, the magnet for the selector lever becomes
active and the foot brake must be pressed to
activate the lever.
No power is being transmitted to the wheels.
D - Drive
In the Drive position, the forwards gears are
switched automatically.
S297_028
Sport setting
Tiptronic aisle
S - Sport
The control unit selects gears automatically
according to a sporty switching characteristic
curve. The individual gears are extended further.
Selector lever position and gear display.
After the ignition is switched on, the current
selector lever position is displayed in the dash
panel insert.
123.4 km 12.3 °C
123456 km
S297_086
In positions ”D” and ”S”, the gear selected in the
gearbox is also displayed.
35
Power transmission
Tiptronic
The Tiptronic in the Touareg is available as a
selector lever Tiptronic as well as a steering
wheel Tiptronic.
The current gear is displayed in the dash panel
insert if the Tiptronic is active.
123.4 km 12.3 °C
123456 km
S297_029
Selector lever Tiptronic
The automatic transmission is in Tiptronic after
the selector lever is moved from the ”D” position
into the ”Tiptronic aisle”.
Gear changes can now be effected by moving
the selector lever.
Move
up a gear
Move
down a
gear
Steering wheel - Tiptronic
The steering wheel switches offer an optimal
ergonomic actuation for gear selection.
Here you use:
- the switch on the right to move up a gear and
- the switch on the left to move down a gear.
S297_030
Steering wheel switch
If the selector switch is in the ”D” or ”S” setting
while the steering wheel switches are pressed,
the control unit for the automatic gearbox enters
the Tiptronic mode.
The control unit automatically reverts to the
previously selected ”D” or ”S” programme if the
steering wheel switches are not pressed again.
S297_085
36
Selector lever locks
The function of the selector lever lock and the
ignition key removal lock is identical to that in the
Phaeton. The selector lever is locked by
N110
- the magnet for selector lever lock N110 and
- the magnet for selector lever lock P N380.
F319
As in the Phaeton, the ignition key can be
removed only when the selector lever
is in the ”P” position.
The switch F319 signals to the access and start
authorisation relay that the selector lever
is in the ”P” position.
N380
S297_087
If the magnet for selector lever
lock P N380 is defective, then the
selector lever cannot be moved
out of the ”P” position.
Therefore, the disablement has to be
manually unlocked for towing the vehicle.
The selector lever has to be simultaneously
moved out of the ”P” position.
”Press”
S297_087
Further information about the functions can be found in SSP 270 ”The Phaeton”, in the chapter about
automatic gearboxes.
37
Power transmission
6-speed manual gearbox 08D
The 6-gear manual gearbox was developed just
for the Touareg, especially for offroad use.
To improve comfort, the tried-and-tested cable
control is used here.
The manual gearbox 08D belongs to the
standard equipment and is provided
with the V6-cylinder petrol engine and
the 5R-cylinder TDI diesel engine.
There is a special holder on the gearbox housing;
this is used to attach the cable and to activate the
selector shaft.
Selector cable
Manual gearbox 08D
38
Switching cable
The ends of the cable are attached with locknuts
to the steering levers. Mass dampers act as a
gear shift mass, improving handling
during gear shifting.
A locking pin used for setting the shift cables is
located on the gearbox housing. The gear-shift
lever is fastened by a rig pin for setting.
Gear-shift lever
S297_098
Locking pin
Rig pin T10027
S297_062
Gearbox housing
S297_059
39
Chassis
Chassis
The chassis, with its continuous four-wheel drive,
provides excellent offroad driving due to its
central differential with reduction stage.
●
●
●
●
●
40
Tyre inflation pressure
connection under the
driver’s seat (only in vehicles
with air suspension)
Dual wishbone front suspension
Dual wishbone rear suspension
with divided upper wishbone
Front and rear anti-roll bars
Independent wheel suspension
●
But it also ensures the highest driving comfort on
normal roads due to its individual rear wheel
suspension.
Air suspension with regulated damping
optional, standard equipment in V10 TDI
●
Rear transverse lock and
longitudinal lock
●
Foot parking brake,
Duo servo drum brake
●
●
●
S297_061
●
Ventilated disc brakes
(front and rear)
Hill incline assistant
Hill decline assistant
Conti Teves MK25, ESP system with
braking assistant and 4-wheel EDL
Tyre pressure control, optional
For more detailed information on the
chassis, see SSP 302
”The Touareg Four-Wheel
Drive Concept”
41
Electric system
Comfort and safety electronics
The comfort and safety electronics are based on
that of the Phaeton. Here, we will discuss certain
components and installation locations.
Door control unit driver (left)
and front passenger (right)
For more detailed information and
notes, see SSP 298
”The Touareg Electrical System”,
which describes the functions.
Starter battery
under the driver's seat
Door control unit
left and right rear
Kessy antenna
at 8° loading base
with 4C-Climatronic
Kessy antenna
at 8° loading base
Kessy antenna
at 0° loading base
On-board network battery in boot (optional),
in vehicles with V10 TDI
engine series
42
Control unit for on-board network
Access and start
authorisation relay
Orientation illumination
in the exterior mirrors
driver and front passenger sides
Kessy antennae
in the door handles, driver and
front passenger sides, front and rear
Comfort system central control unit
S297_050
43
Heating/air-conditioning system
Air-conditioning in the Touareg
A total of three different equipment versions are
available for the air-conditioning of the vehicle
interior in terms of temperature control,
air distribution and regulation of the air amount.
Depending on the desired comfort, there are two
air-conditioning systems with automatic control.
●
●
4C-Climatronic with 4-zone airconditioning
2C-Climatronic with 2-zone airconditioning
The third variant is the standard manually
controllable air-conditioning system.
The following characteristics are available in all
the variants:
-
air side-controlled heating function,
residual heat function,
dust and pollen filter with activated carbon,
air-conditioned glove compartment.
The temperature range available in both systems
is between 16°C and 29.5°C.
The figure shows the Touareg with a
4C-Climatronic.
S297_057
Despite different functions, the designs of the
three variants are based on one another;
this simplifies repairs and maintenance.
44
At first glance, one can differentiate the variants
by the varying designs and appearances of the
operating and display units.
4C-Climatronic
Front operating and display unit
S297_033
This system has two operating and display units.
The front operating and display unit is located in
the dash panel; this can be used mainly to select
the settings for the climate zones
of the front passenger
compartment. The operating and display unit
located in the rear centre console can be used to
select the settings for the climate zones of the
rear passenger compartment.
Rear operating and display unit
S297_038
Front airconditioning unit
Two air-conditioning units are used to condition
the passenger compartment.
The front air-conditioning unit is located below
the dash panel; it conditions the front passenger
compartment.
The rear air-conditioning unit is located behind
the side panel in the left-hand side of the boot;
it is used to condition the rear seats.
Both air-conditioning units have one evaporator,
one heat exchanger and one blower each.
Therefore, the temperature and the air amount
can be independently set for the front and rear
climate zones.
A multitude of ventilation flaps in the airconditioning units and the air distribution
housings are electromechanically set,
permitting individual air distribution.
S297_035
Rear airconditioning unit
45
Heating/air-conditioning system
2C-Climatronic
The 2C-Climatronic has an operating and
display unit in the dash panel.
Operating and display unit
S297_036
Compared to the 4C-Climatronic, there are
the following differences in automatic operation:
- The temperature can be independently set for
the left-hand and right-hand passenger
compartments.
- The air amount and air distribution are set
uniformly for the entire passenger
compartment.
Airconditioning unit
In terms of construction, the 2C-Climatronic differs from the 4C-Climatronic mainly by:
- the use of an air-conditioning unit below the
front dash panel,
- an air duct through the front doors to the air
outlets in the B-pillar,
- an air duct through the centre console to the air
outlets in the rear centre console.
S297_037
46
Manual air-conditioning system
Operating unit
Using the operating unit in the dash panel,
the occupants can set the air-conditioning of the
entire interior according to their
individual wishes.
S297_091
Dial
Airconditioning unit
In the manual air-conditioning system, the entire
passenger compartment is
uniformly conditioned.
There is no automatic climate control
for the temperature, air distribution
or air quantity.
The structural features of the air ducts are
generally the same as those of the
2C-Climatronic.
S297_039
Due to safety regulations regarding collision protection, the knobs and buttons of the operating
and display units are constructed in such a manner that, in the case of a collision, they can be
pressed into the unit by penetrating break-out points.
During installation, pay special attention that you do not exert pressure on the knobs and
buttons; otherwise, these break-out points may break.
For more detailed information on the air-conditioning system variants, please consult SSP 301
”The Touareg Heating/Air-Conditioning System”.
47
Radio and navigation
Delta radio system
With small deviations, the Delta radio system
corresponds to the Delta radio system that can
be found, for example,
in the 2003 Passat model.
The main difference to this system is the design of
the user interface, with a larger display and
overall dimensions that were adapted to the
dash panel.
Their are further modifications in the
arrangement of the function keys and
their designations.
The sound settings in this system are selected
using the buttons ”Sound” and ”B/F” for Balance
and Fader. After the button is pressed,
the corresponding menu appears in the display;
the sound settings can be changed by turning
the right-hand knob/button.
Knob/
button
B/F button
Sound button
S297_041
Due to safety regulations regarding collision protection, the knobs and buttons are constructed
in such a manner that, in the case of a collision, they can be pressed into the unit by penetrating
break-out points.
During installation, pay special attention that you do not exert pressure on the knobs and buttons; otherwise, these break-out points may break.
For more detailed information on the Delta radio system, please consult SSP 251 ”The Passat W8”
and the corresponding operating instructions.
48
The RN S2 radio/navigation system
The radio/navigation system in the Touareg is a
further development that is technically based on
the MFD radio/navigation system, which can be
found, for example in the 2003 Golf model.
In terms of appearance, the design, the user
interface and the overall dimensions
have changed.
1.0 km
Off-road display
Height
back with ESC
Knobs/buttons
S297_054
The most important differences are:
-
enlarged 6.5 inch colour display,
function keys with new designations and functions,
TMC tuner integrated in the unit,
audio-capable CD drive,
modular connector plug with central lock,
plug- and colour-coded connector plug for FM/AM and GPS antennae inlets,
signal transfer via the CAN bus infotainment system between the control unit for TV/radio/
navigation and the diagnostic interface in the dash panel insert,
- offroad function,
- position-finding display with compass display.
Due to safety regulations regarding collision protection, the knobs and buttons are constructed in
such a manner that, in the case of a collision, they can be pressed into the unit by penetrating
break-out points.
During installation, pay special attention that you do not exert pressure on the knobs and
buttons; otherwise, these break-out points may break.
49
Radio and navigation
Operation of RN S2 radio/navigation system
The functions of new and – compared to the MFD radio/navigation system – modified key designations
are described and summarised below.
Function keys to call up various functions
which are shown by the adjoining
symbols in the display.
Slot for an audio or
navigation CD
S297_064
Button for setting
FM or AM stations
INFO button for:
- system information,
- off-road display,
- list of routes,
- TIM function,
- TMC stations and
- text messages.
Button for
telephone
Button for calling
up the menu for
the audio CD*
Calls up the menu for
controlling an additional
connected TV tuner, audio
or video device
*If the optional CD changer is equipped, it is activated.
50
Calling up the
navigation menu
ESC key for
calling up the
prior or main
menu
MAP button for calling up
the map display or the
symbol display if a
navigation CD has been
inserted
Offroad navigation
In addition to the menus for entering the
destination and the path to the destination that
have been used previously in the radio/
navigation system, RN S2 provides a further
navigation option with the menu ”Offroad tour”.
It is especially useful during offroad driving
where digital information is not
available. This function is implemented using
software and uses the system
components used previously.
Navigation display
New address
Destination
Dest. on map
Last dest.
Hunting
lodge
Position dest.
From dst. mem.
Travel guide
Special dests.
Offroad tour
To flagged dst.
Edit memory
Destination
4
2
back with ESC
3
S297_075
5
1
S297_065
The transition between the two navigation types (standard and offroad) occurs automatically;
however, the RN S2 does not automatically switch back to standard navigation. Offroad navigation can
be selected using function key ”Offroad tour” in the ”Destination” submenu. The offroad functions have
the following possible selections:
- Recording, calling up and editing GPS-coded offroad tours.
- Placing waypoints, and assigning names to them, within tours to mark special locations
(e.g. ”Hunting lodge”, see flag 5 in the figure).
- Display of the next waypoint by a red flag and an arrow.
- Compass display with position information in degrees, minutes and seconds.
- Reverse function: The recorded waypoints can also be driven in the opposite direction.
Some of the offroad functions are shown on the following pages.
The offroad function will not be available when the vehicle is introduced to market.
It is planned that the missing offroad function be implemented via a software update for all
RN S2 radio/navigation units at a later point in time.
51
Radio and navigation
Starting offroad navigation
Start
Destination
Destination
Hunting
lodge
After navigation has been started using the main menu
button ”NAVI”, the submenu ”Destination”
must be selected.
Stop over
Route opt.
Settings
S297_092
New address
Destination
Dest. on map
Last dest.
Hunting
lodge
Position dest.
From dst. mem.
The submenu ”Destination” has the function ”Offroad
tour”, with which the offroad functions can be started.
Travel guide
Special dests.
Offroad tour
To flagged dst.
Edit memory
Destination
back with ESC
S297_075
Select tour
Record tour
Enter tour
Recording an offroad tour
Using the function ”Record tour”, a new offroad tour
can be created. Up to 7 tours can be stored.
Delete tour
Waypoint list
Edit tour
back with ESC
Offroad tour
S297_079
Offroad tour recording
used up till now: 0 WP
free:
21 WP
Start recording
Destination
The recording starting point is selected separately.
By pressing the ”Flagged destination” button,
individual waypoints (WP) can be set.
Stop over
Route opt.
Settings
S297_078
Add present location to tour as waypoint?
do not add
Stop recording
add immediat.
free: 21 WP
back with ESC
S297_075
52
As shown in the figure to the left, a query appears
asking if you would like to mark the starting point of the
tour as a waypoint.
Offroad tour recording
used up till now: 1 WP
free:
20 WP
Stop recording
Destination
Stop over
Route opt.
Settings
Set waypoints by:
Waypoints
The memory of the navigation system allows a total of
50 waypoints to be stored. In the example shown,
a tour in which one waypoint has already been set and
20 points are still free is recorded.
S297_080
Select tour
Record tour
Enter tour
A maximum of 40 waypoints can be stored in a tour.
The waypoints of all tours are stored in a list;
they can be called up using the function
”Waypoint list”.
Delete tour
Edit tour
Waypoint list
back with ESC
Offroad tour
S297_077
During active destination guidance, waypoints of the
current tour can be called up using the function
”Route list”. An acoustic signal confirms that a waypoint
has been reached.
Tour waypoints
1 Rock
2 Tree
3 Bridge
4 Tower
5 Hunting lodge
OK
back with ESC
S297_081
Driving tours in the opposite direction
Drive:
Position 1
from:
1 Rock
Opposite direct.
to:
5 Hunting lodge
whole tour
partially
This function can be used to return to the starting point
of a tour.
The stored waypoints are driven in the opposite
direction.
back with ESC
S297_082
Destination guidance using offroad tours
In addition to the display in which the next waypoint is
indicated by a red flag, an arrow within the display
shows the direction that is to be driven. Voice output is
not used in destination guidance.
A
1.4 km
500 m
S297_095
53
Service
New operating equipment
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Portal calibre supplement VAS 5007/16
Spring tensioning unit VAS 6046
Spring bracket VAS 6046/3
Uptake kit for scissors lifting table VAS 6131/5
Hydraulic cylinder VAS 6178 to remove the
wheel bearing and the front wishbone
Guide angle plug set VAS 6215
Mudguard protector VAS 6225
S297_097
54
Notes
55
297
Only for internal use © VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg
All rights reserved
000.2811.17.20 Issued 09/02
❀ No chlorine was used to bleach this paper
during manufacture.