Yamaha | Star XVS1100T | Owner`s manual | Yamaha Star XVS1100T Owner`s manual

OWNER’S MANUAL
XVS1100T(C)
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2004.07-1.8×1 CR
(E)
LIT-11626-18-42
5PB-28199-13
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
EAU10041
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INTRODUCTION
EAU10080
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha XVS1100(C). This model is the result of Yamaha’s vast experience in the
production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of craftsmanship and
reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this motorcycle. If you
have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at
the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the
recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10130
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
WARNING
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the
motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle.
CAUTION:
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to
the motorcycle.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
NOTE:
● This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain with it even if the motorcycle
is subsequently sold.
● Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most
current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle
and this manual. If you have any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
EWA10010
WARNING
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL AND THE “YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING TIPS” BOOKLET CAREFULLY
AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS MOTORCYCLE UNTIL YOU HAVE ATTAINED ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE OF ITS CONTROLS AND OPERATING FEATURES
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
AND UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES. REGULAR INSPECTIONS
AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING SKILLS, WILL ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY
THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS MOTORCYCLE.
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10192
AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
XVS1100T(C)
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2004 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
1st edition, June 2004
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-11626-18-42
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION ..................1-1
Location of important labels ...........1-5
DESCRIPTION ..................................2-1
Left view ..........................................2-1
Right view ........................................2-2
Controls and instruments ................2-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS .......................................3-1
Main switch/steering lock ................3-1
Indicator and warning lights ............3-2
Speedometer unit ...........................3-3
Handlebar switches ........................3-3
Clutch lever ....................................3-4
Shift pedal ......................................3-5
Brake lever .....................................3-5
Brake pedal ....................................3-5
Fuel tank cap ..................................3-6
Fuel ................................................3-6
Catalytic converter
(for California only).......................3-7
Fuel cock ........................................3-8
Starter (choke) lever .......................3-9
Seats ..............................................3-9
Helmet holder ...............................3-10
Storage compartment ...................3-11
Adjusting the shock absorber
assembly ...................................3-12
Luggage strap holders ..................3-13
Sidestand .....................................3-14
Ignition circuit cut-off system ....... 3-14
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............. 4-1
Pre-operation check list ................. 4-2
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
RIDING POINTS ................................ 5-1
Starting and warming up a cold
engine ......................................... 5-1
Starting a warm engine .................. 5-2
Shifting ........................................... 5-3
Engine break-in .............................. 5-4
Parking ........................................... 5-5
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
MINOR REPAIR................................. 6-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE .......... 6-1
Owner’s tool kit .............................. 6-1
Periodic maintenance chart for the
emission control system ............. 6-3
General maintenance and
lubrication chart .......................... 6-4
Removing and installing the
panel ........................................... 6-8
Checking the spark plugs .............. 6-8
Canister (for California only) ........ 6-10
Engine oil ..................................... 6-10
Final gear oil ................................ 6-12
Cleaning the air filter element ...... 6-13
Carburetors .................................. 6-14
Checking the throttle cable free
play ........................................... 6-15
Valve clearance ............................ 6-15
Tires ............................................. 6-15
Spoke wheels ............................... 6-17
Accessories and replacement
parts .......................................... 6-17
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play ........................................... 6-18
Adjusting the brake lever free
play ........................................... 6-19
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch ........................................ 6-20
Checking the front and rear
brake pads ................................ 6-20
Checking the brake fluid level ...... 6-21
Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-22
Checking and lubricating the
cables ....................................... 6-22
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable ............... 6-22
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals ............... 6-23
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers ............. 6-23
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand .................................. 6-24
Lubricating the swingarm pivots ... 6-24
Lubricating the rear suspension ... 6-24
Checking the front fork ................. 6-25
Checking the steering .................. 6-25
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Checking the wheel bearings .......6-26
Battery ..........................................6-26
Replacing the fuses ......................6-28
Replacing the headlight bulb ........6-29
Replacing a turn signal light bulb
or the tail/brake light bulb ..........6-30
Supporting the motorcycle ............6-31
Troubleshooting ............................6-32
Troubleshooting chart ...................6-33
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND
STORAGE ..........................................7-1
Care ................................................7-1
Storage ...........................................7-3
SPECIFICATIONS .............................8-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION.............9-1
Identification numbers ....................9-1
Reporting safety defects .................9-3
Motorcycle noise regulation ............9-4
Maintenance record ........................9-5
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION,
U.S.A. STREET AND ENDURO
MOTORCYCLE LIMITED
WARRANTY ................................9-7
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.) ........................................9-9
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU10251
MOTORCYCLES
ARE
SINGLE
TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE
USE AND OPERATION ARE DEPENDENT UPON THE USE OF PROPER
RIDING TECHNIQUES AS WELL AS
THE EXPERTISE OF THE OPERATOR. EVERY OPERATOR SHOULD
KNOW THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS BEFORE RIDING THIS
MOTORCYCLE.
HE OR SHE SHOULD:
● OBTAIN THOROUGH INSTRUCTIONS FROM A COMPETENT
SOURCE ON ALL ASPECTS OF
MOTORCYCLE OPERATION.
● OBSERVE
THE WARNINGS
AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS IN THE OWNER’S MANUAL.
● OBTAIN QUALIFIED TRAINING
IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING
TECHNIQUES.
● OBTAIN PROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL SERVICE AS INDICATED
BY THE OWNER’S MANUAL
AND/OR WHEN MADE NECESSARY BY MECHANICAL CONDITIONS.
Safe riding
● Always
make
pre-operation
checks. Careful checks may help
prevent an accident.
● This motorcycle is designed to
carry the operator and a passenger.
● The failure of motorists to detect
and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of
automobile/motorcycle accidents.
Many accidents have been
caused by an automobile driver
who did not see the motorcycle.
Making yourself conspicuous appears to be very effective in reducing the chance of this type of
accident.
Therefore:
• Wear a brightly colored jacket.
• Use extra caution when approaching and passing through
intersections, since intersec-
1-1
●
●
tions are the most likely places
for motorcycle accidents to occur.
• Ride where other motorists can
see you. Avoid riding in another
motorist’s blind spot.
Many motorcycle accidents involve inexperienced operators. In
fact, many operators who have
been involved in accidents do not
even have a current motorcycle license.
• Make sure that you are qualified
and that you only lend your
motorcycle to other qualified operators.
• Know your skills and limits.
Staying within your limits may
help you to avoid an accident.
• We recommend that you practice riding your motorcycle
where there is no traffic until you
have become thoroughly familiar with the motorcycle and all of
its controls.
Many motorcycle accidents have
been caused by error of the motorcycle operator. A typical error
made by the operator is veering
1
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
1
●
●
wide on a turn due to EXCESSIVE
SPEED or undercornering (insufficient lean angle for the speed).
• Always obey the speed limit and
never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
• Always signal before turning or
changing lanes. Make sure that
other motorists can see you.
The posture of the operator and
passenger is important for proper
control.
• The operator should keep both
hands on the handlebar and
both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle.
• The passenger should always
hold onto the operator, seat
strap, or grab bar, if equipped,
with both hands and keep both
feet on the passenger footrests.
• Never carry a passenger unless
he or she can firmly place both
feet on the passenger footrests.
Never ride under the influence of
alcohol or other drugs.
●
This motorcycle is designed for onroad use only, therefore, it is not
suitable for off-road use.
●
Protective apparel
The majority of fatalities from motorcycle accidents are the result of head
injuries. The use of a safety helmet is
the single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
● Always wear an approved helmet.
● Wear a face shield or goggles.
Wind in your unprotected eyes
could contribute to an impairment
of vision which could delay seeing
a hazard.
● The use of a jacket, heavy boots,
trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in
preventing or reducing abrasions
or lacerations.
● Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
otherwise they could catch on the
control levers, footrests, or wheels
and cause injury or an accident.
● Never touch the engine or exhaust
system during or after operation.
They become very hot and can
1-2
cause burns. Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs,
ankles, and feet.
Passengers should also observe
the precautions mentioned above.
Modifications
Modifications made to this motorcycle
not approved by Yamaha, or the removal of original equipment, may render the motorcycle unsafe for use and
may cause severe personal injury.
Modifications may also make your
motorcycle illegal to use.
Loading and accessories
Adding accessories or cargo to your
motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the weight distribution
of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid
the possibility of an accident, use extreme caution when adding cargo or
accessories to your motorcycle. Use
extra care when riding a motorcycle
that has added cargo or accessories.
Here are some general guidelines to
follow if loading cargo or adding accessories to your motorcycle:
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
Loading
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must
not exceed the maximum load limit.
Maximum load:
197 kg (434 lb) (CAL)
200 kg (441 lb) (U49)
When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
● Cargo and accessory weight
should be kept as low and close to
the motorcycle as possible. Make
sure to distribute the weight as
evenly as possible on both sides of
the motorcycle to minimize imbalance or instability.
● Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely
attached to the motorcycle before
riding. Check accessory mounts
and cargo restraints frequently.
● Never attach any large or heavy
items to the handlebar, front fork,
or front fender. These items, including such cargo as sleeping
bags, duffel bags, or tents, can
create unstable handling or slow
steering response.
Accessories
Genuine Yamaha accessories have
been specifically designed for use on
this motorcycle. Since Yamaha cannot
test all other accessories that may be
available, you must personally be responsible for the proper selection, installation and use of non-Yamaha
accessories. Use extreme caution
when selecting and installing any accessories.
Keep the following guidelines in mind,
as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting accessories.
● Never install accessories or carry
cargo that would impair the performance of your motorcycle. Carefully inspect the accessory before
using it to make sure that it does
not in any way reduce ground
clearance or cornering clearance,
1-3
limit suspension travel, steering
travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.
• Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can
create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories
are added to the handlebar or
front fork area, they must be as
lightweight as possible and
should be kept to a minimum.
• Bulky or large accessories may
seriously affect the stability of
the motorcycle due to aerodynamic effects. Wind may attempt to lift the motorcycle, or
the motorcycle may become unstable in cross winds. These accessories may also cause
instability when passing or being
passed by large vehicles.
• Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or
her normal riding position. This
improper position limits the freedom of movement of the opera-
1
U5PB13E0.book Page 4 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
1
●
tor and may limit control ability,
therefore, such accessories are
not recommended.
Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of the
motorcycle’s electrical system, an
electric failure could result, which
could cause a dangerous loss of
lights or engine power.
Gasoline and exhaust gas
● GASOLINE IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE:
• Always turn the engine off when
refueling.
• Take care not to spill any gasoline on the engine or exhaust
system when refueling.
• Never refuel while smoking or in
the vicinity of an open flame.
● Never start the engine or let it run
for any length of time in a closed
area. The exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of
consciousness and death within a
short time. Always operate your
motorcycle in an area that has adequate ventilation.
●
●
●
Always turn the engine off before
leaving the motorcycle unattended
and remove the key from the main
switch. When parking the motorcycle, note the following:
• The engine and exhaust system
may be hot, therefore, park the
motorcycle in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch these hot areas.
• Do not park the motorcycle on a
slope or soft ground, otherwise it
may fall over.
• Do not park the motorcycle near
a flammable source (e.g. a kerosene heater, or near an open
flame), otherwise it could catch
fire.
When transporting the motorcycle
in another vehicle, make sure that
it is kept upright and that the fuel
cock is turned to “ON” or “RES” (for
vacuum type) / “OFF” (for manual
type). If it should lean over, gasoline may leak out of the carburetor
or fuel tank.
If you should swallow any gasoline, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor,
or allow gasoline to get into your
1-4
eyes, see your doctor immediately.
If any gasoline spills on your skin
or clothing, immediately wash the
affected area with soap and water
and change your clothes.
U5PB13E0.book Page 5 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU10381
Location of important labels
Please read the following important labels carefully before operating this vehicle.
1
1-5
U5PB13E0.book Page 6 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
4
1
1
2
3
1-6
California only
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
DESCRIPTION
EAU32220
Left view
2
1. Shift pedal (page 3-5)
2. Fuel cock (page 3-8)
3. Headlight (page 6-29)
4. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-12)
5. Helmet holder (page 3-10)
6. Rear turn signal light (page 6-30)
7. Tail/brake light (page 6-30)
8. Storage compartment (page 3-11)
9. Owner’s tool kit (page 6-1)
10.Fuse box (page 6-28)
11.Engine oil level check window (page 6-10)
2-1
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
DESCRIPTION
EAU32230
Right view
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Muffler
Battery (page 6-26)
Main fuse (page 6-28)
Fuel tank (page 3-6)
Front turn signal/position lights (page 6-30)
Main switch/steering lock (page 3-1)
Air filter element (page 6-13)
Brake pedal (page 3-5)
2-2
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
DESCRIPTION
EAU10430
Controls and instruments
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Clutch lever (page 3-4)
Left handlebar switches (page 3-3)
Starter (choke) lever (page 3-9)
Speedometer unit (page 3-3)
Fuel tank cap (page 3-6)
Right handlebar switches (page 3-3)
Throttle grip (page 6-15)
Brake lever (page 3-5)
2-3
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU10460
Main switch/steering lock
EAU10680
LOCK
The steering is locked, and all electrical
systems are off. The key can be removed.
To unlock the steering
To lock the steering
3
1. Push.
2. Turn.
The main switch/steering lock controls
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
used to lock the steering. The various
positions are described below.
EAU10510
ON
All electrical systems are supplied with
power, and the headlight, meter lighting, taillight and position lights come
on, and the engine can be started. The
key cannot be removed.
EAU10660
Push the key in, and then turn it to
“OFF” while still pushing it.
EWA10060
WARNING
1. Push.
2. Turn.
1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
the left.
2. Push the key in from the “OFF” position, and then turn it to “LOCK”
while still pushing it.
3. Remove the key.
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
3-1
Never turn the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK” while the vehicle is moving,
otherwise the electrical systems will
be switched off, which may result in
loss of control or an accident. Make
sure that the vehicle is stopped before turning the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK”.
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU11002
Indicator and warning lights
EAU11080
EAU11500
High beam indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
Engine trouble warning light “ ”
This warning light comes on or flashes
when an electrical circuit monitoring the
engine is defective. When this occurs,
have a Yamaha dealer check the selfdiagnosis system.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”. If the warning light does not come
on for a few seconds, then go off, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
EAU11120
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Oil level warning light “
”
Neutral indicator light “
”
Turn signal indicator light “
Engine trouble warning light “
High beam indicator light “
”
Oil level warning light “
”
This warning light comes on when the
engine oil level is low.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”.
If the warning light does not come on
for a few seconds, then go off, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
”
”
EAU11020
Turn signal indicator light “
”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left or
right.
EAU11060
NOTE:
Even if the oil level is sufficient, the
warning light may flicker when riding on
a slope or during sudden acceleration
or deceleration, but this is not a malfunction.
Neutral indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
transmission is in the neutral position.
3-2
3
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU11731
Speedometer unit
tance that can be traveled with a full
tank of fuel. This information will enable
you to plan future fuel stops.
EAU12343
Handlebar switches
Left
3
1. “TRIP” button
2. Odometer/tripmeter
The speedometer unit is equipped with
a digital odometer and a tripmeter. The
speedometer shows riding speed. The
odometer shows the total distance traveled. The tripmeter shows the distance
traveled since it was last set to zero.
Pushing the “TRIP” button switches the
display between the odometer mode
“ODO” and the tripmeter mode “TRIP”.
To reset the tripmeter, select it by pushing the “TRIP” button, and then push
the “TRIP” button again and hold it
down for at least one second. The tripmeter can be used to estimate the dis-
NOTE:
This model is not equipped with a tachometer; however, it has a built-in
speed limiter, which prevents the engine speed from exceeding approximately 6800 r/min and the vehicle
speed from exceeding approximately
175 km/h (110 mi/h).
1. Dimmer switch “
/
”
2. Horn switch “
”
3. Turn signal switch “
/
”
Right
1. Engine stop switch “
2. Start switch “ ”
3-3
/
”
U5PB13E0.book Page 4 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12400
Dimmer switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” for the high
beam and to “ ” for the low beam.
EAU12500
Horn switch “
”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
EAU12820
Clutch lever
EAU12660
EAU12430
Turn signal switch “ / ”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “ ”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “ ”. When released, the switch returns to the center
position.
Since this model is equipped with a
self-canceling system, the turn signal
lights will self-cancel after the vehicle
has traveled both about 150 m (490 ft)
and for approximately 15 seconds.
However, the turn signal lights can also
be canceled manually by pushing the
switch in after it has returned to the center position.
Engine stop switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” before starting
the engine. Set this switch to “ ” to
stop the engine in case of an emergency, such as when the vehicle overturns
or when the throttle cable is stuck.
EAU12710
Start switch “ ”
Push this switch to crank the engine
with the starter.
ECA10050
CAUTION:
See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
NOTE:
The self-canceling system only operates when the vehicle is moving, so that
the turn signal lights will not self-cancel
while you are stopped at an intersection.
3-4
3
1. Clutch lever
The clutch lever is located at the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
clutch, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip. To engage the clutch, release
the lever. The lever should be pulled
rapidly and released slowly for smooth
clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
clutch switch, which is part of the ignition circuit cut-off system. (See page
3-14.)
U5PB13E0.book Page 5 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12870
EAU12890
EAU12941
Shift pedal
Brake lever
Brake pedal
1. Shift pedal
1. Brake lever
1. Brake pedal
The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch lever when
shifting the gears of the 5-speed constant-mesh transmission equipped on
this motorcycle.
The brake lever is located at the right
handlebar grip. To apply the front
brake, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip.
The brake pedal is on the right side of
the motorcycle. To apply the rear
brake, press down on the brake pedal.
3
3-5
U5PB13E0.book Page 6 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13120
Fuel tank cap
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
the original position, remove it, and
then close the lock cover.
EAU13210
Fuel
NOTE:
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly installed and locked.
3
EWA10130
WARNING
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fuel tank cap lock cover
“
” mark
Unlock.
Lock.
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly installed before riding.
1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Fuel level
Make sure that there is sufficient fuel in
the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the bottom
of the filler tube as shown.
To remove the fuel tank cap
Slide the lock cover open, insert the key
into the lock, and then turn it 1/4 turn
clockwise. The lock will be released
and the fuel tank cap can be removed.
EWA10880
WARNING
●
●
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
tank opening with the key inserted
in the lock and with the “ ” mark
facing forward.
3-6
Do not overfill the fuel tank, otherwise it may overflow when the
fuel warms up and expands.
Avoid spilling fuel on the hot engine.
U5PB13E0.book Page 7 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA10070
CAUTION:
Immediately wipe off spilled fuel
with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since
fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts.
EAU13300
3
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
17.0 L (4.49 US gal) (3.74 Imp.gal)
Fuel reserve amount:
4.5 L (1.19 US gal) (0.99 Imp.gal)
knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a
gasoline of a different brand or premium unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel
will extend spark plug life and reduce
maintenance costs.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol
containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it can
cause damage to the fuel system or vehicle performance problems.
ECA11400
CAUTION:
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
damage to internal engine parts,
such as the valves and piston rings,
as well as to the exhaust system.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number
[(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a research
octane number of 91 or higher. If
3-7
EAU13440
Catalytic converter (for
California only)
This vehicle is equipped with a catalytic
converter in the muffler.
EWA10860
WARNING
The exhaust system is hot after operation. Make sure that the exhaust
system has cooled down before doing any maintenance work.
ECA10700
CAUTION:
The following precautions must be
observed to prevent a fire hazard or
other damages.
● Use only unleaded gasoline.
The use of leaded gasoline will
cause unrepairable damage to
the catalytic converter.
● Never park the vehicle near possible fire hazards such as grass
or other materials that easily
burn.
● Do not allow the engine to idle
too long.
U5PB13E0.book Page 8 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13550
Fuel cock
This indicates reserve. With the fuel
cock lever in this position, the fuel reserve is made available. Turn the fuel
cock lever to this position if you run out
of fuel while riding. When this occurs,
refuel as soon as possible and be sure
to turn the fuel cock lever back to “ON”!
ON
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the
tank to the carburetors while also filtering it.
The fuel cock lever positions are explained as follows and shown in the illustrations.
3
OFF
1. Pointed end positioned over “ON”
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel flows to the carburetors. Turn the
fuel cock lever to this position when
starting the engine and riding.
RES
1. Pointed end positioned over “OFF”
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel will not flow. Always turn the fuel
cock lever to this position when the engine is not running.
1. Pointed end positioned over “RES”
3-8
U5PB13E0.book Page 9 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13610
Starter (choke) lever “
”
EAU14211
Seats
Passenger seat
To remove the passenger seat
Remove the nut, and then pull the passenger seat up.
3
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
1. Starter (choke) lever “
”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer
air-fuel mixture, which is supplied by
the starter (choke).
Move the lever in direction (a) to turn on
the starter (choke).
Move the lever in direction (b) to turn off
the starter (choke).
ECA10990
CAUTION:
Do not use the starter (choke) for
more than 3 minutes as the exhaust
pipe may discolor from excessive
heat. In addition, extended use of
the starter (choke) will cause afterburning. If this occurs, turn off the
starter (choke).
Rider seat
To remove the rider seat
1. Remove the passenger seat.
2. Remove the bolts and seat bracket, and then pull the rider seat up.
1. Nut
To install the passenger seat
Insert the projection on the front of the
passenger seat into the seat holder as
shown, place the seat in the original position, and then install the nut.
3-9
U5PB13E0.book Page 10 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
2. Install the seat bracket and bolts.
3. Install the passenger seat.
EAU14281
Helmet holder
NOTE:
Make sure that the seats are properly
secured before riding.
3
1. Bolt
2. Seat bracket
1. Helmet holder
2. Unlock.
To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projections on the front
of the rider seat into the seat holders as shown, and then place the
seat in the original position.
To open the helmet holder, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn the key
as shown.
To lock the helmet holder, place it in the
original position, and then remove the
key.
EWA10160
WARNING
Never ride with a helmet attached to
the helmet holder, since the helmet
may hit objects, causing loss of control and possibly an accident.
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
3-10
U5PB13E0.book Page 11 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU14481
Storage compartment
The storage compartment is located on
the left side of the vehicle.
3
To open the storage compartment
1. Slide the lock cover open, insert
the key into the lock, and then turn
it clockwise.
1. Storage compartment lock
2. Pull the storage compartment cover out as shown.
1. Storage compartment cover
2. Storage compartment lock cover
1. Storage compartment cover
To close the storage compartment
1. Place the storage compartment
cover in its original position as
shown.
3-11
1. Storage compartment cover
2. Turn the key counterclockwise, remove it, and then close the lock
cover.
U5PB13E0.book Page 12 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU14871
Adjusting the shock absorber
assembly
3. Pull the ignitor unit panel out to the
right.
The shock absorber assembly is located under the rider seat and is equipped
with a spring preload adjusting ring.
ECA10100
CAUTION:
Never attempt to turn an adjusting
mechanism beyond the maximum or
minimum settings.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
1. Remove the rider seat. (See page
3-9.)
2. Remove each quick fastener from
the ignitor unit panel by pushing
the center in with a screwdriver,
then pulling the fastener out.
1. Ignitor unit panel
4. Remove the mudguard by removing each quick fastener.
1. Quick fastener
2. Mudguard
5. To increase the spring preload and
thereby harden the suspension,
turn the adjusting ring in direction
(a). To decrease the spring preload and thereby soften the suspension, turn the adjusting ring in
direction (b).
NOTE:
● Align the appropriate notch in the
adjusting ring with the position indicator on the shock absorber.
● Use the special wrench included in
the owner’s tool kit to make the adjustment.
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
3. Special wrench
1. Quick fastener
3-12
3
U5PB13E0.book Page 13 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Spring preload setting:
Minimum (soft):
1
Standard:
3
Maximum (hard):
7
3
6. Install the mudguard and ignitor
unit panel by installing the quick
fasteners.
NOTE:
To install a quick fastener, push the pin
back so that it will protrude from the fastener head, and then insert the fastener
and push the protruding pin in until it is
flush with the fastener head.
7. Install the rider seat.
EAU15150
EWA10220
Luggage strap holders
WARNING
This shock absorber contains highly
pressurized nitrogen gas. For proper handling, read and understand
the following information before
handling the shock absorber. The
manufacturer cannot be held responsible for property damage or
personal injury that may result from
improper handling.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to
open the gas cylinder.
● Do not subject the shock absorber to an open flame or other
high heat sources, otherwise it
may explode due to excessive
gas pressure.
● Do not deform or damage the
gas cylinder in any way, as this
will result in poor damping performance.
● Always have a Yamaha dealer
service the shock absorber.
1. Quick fastener (after removal)
2. Quick fastener (before installation)
3-13
1. Luggage strap holder
There is a luggage strap holder on each
passenger footrest.
U5PB13E0.book Page 14 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU15300
Sidestand
The sidestand is located on the left side
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
lower it with your foot while holding the
vehicle upright.
below and have a Yamaha dealer repair it if it does not function properly.
NOTE:
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
cuts the ignition in certain situations.
(See further down for an explanation of
the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
EWA10240
WARNING
The vehicle must not be ridden with
the sidestand down, or if the sidestand cannot be properly moved up
(or does not stay up), otherwise the
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off
system has been designed to assist
the operator in fulfilling the responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore, check
this system regularly as described
EAU15311
Ignition circuit cut-off system
The ignition circuit cut-off system (comprising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the following functions.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the clutch lever is pulled, but the sidestand is
still down.
● It cuts the running engine when the
transmission is in gear and the sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according
to the following procedure.
EWA10250
WARNING
If a malfunction is noted, have a
Yamaha dealer check the system before riding.
3-14
3
U5PB13E0.book Page 15 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on.
3. Turn the key on.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
NOTE:
This check is most reliable if performed with
a warmed-up engine.
3
YES
NO
The neutral switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The sidestand switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The clutch switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
YES
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
YES
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
3-15
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15591
The condition of a vehicle is the owner’s responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly,
even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss
of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, to check the following points before each ride.
NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the vehicle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very short
time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
EWA11150
WARNING
If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the vehicle.
4-1
4
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15603
Pre-operation check list
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Fuel
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
3-6
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-10
Final gear oil
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-12
Front brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
6-19, 6-20, 6-21
Rear brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
6-20, 6-21
Clutch
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
4
6-18
4-2
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Throttle grip
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check cable free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and
grip housing.
Control cables
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
Wheels and tires
•
•
•
•
Brake and shift pedals
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.
6-23
Brake and clutch levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-23
Sidestand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.
6-24
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
—
Instruments, lights, signals
and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
—
Sidestand switch
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
6-15, 6-22
6-22
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
4-3
6-15, 6-17
4
3-14
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU15950
EWA10270
WARNING
●
●
5
●
Become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions before riding.
Consult a Yamaha dealer regarding any control or function
that you do not thoroughly understand.
Never start the engine or operate it in a closed area for any
length of time. Exhaust fumes
are poisonous, and inhaling
them can cause loss of consciousness and death within a
short time. Always make sure
that there is adequate ventilation.
Before starting out, make sure
that the sidestand is up. If the
sidestand is not raised completely, it could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss
of control.
EAU16420
Starting and warming up a
cold engine
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, one of the
following conditions must be met:
● The transmission is in the neutral
position.
● The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the sidestand up.
EWA10290
WARNING
●
●
Before starting the engine,
check the function of the ignition circuit cut-off system according to the procedure
described on page 3-14.
Never ride with the sidestand
down.
1. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”.
2. Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch is
set to “ ”.
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5-1
NOTE:
When the transmission is in the neutral
position, the neutral indicator light
should be on, otherwise have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
4. Turn the starter (choke) on and
completely close the throttle. (See
page 3-9.)
5. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, wait a few seconds, and
then try again. Each starting attempt
should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on any one
attempt.
ECA11390
CAUTION:
●
The oil level warning light
should come on when the key is
turned to “ON”, and then go off
after two to three seconds. If the
oil level warning light flickers or
remains on after starting, imme-
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
●
diately stop the engine, and
then check the engine oil level
and the vehicle for oil leakage. If
necessary, add engine oil, and
then check the warning light
again. If the warning light does
not come on when turning the
key to “ON”, or if it does not go
off after starting the engine with
sufficient engine oil, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
The engine trouble warning
light should also come on when
the key is turned to “ON”. If the
warning light does not come on
when the key is turned to “ON”,
flashes or remains on after
starting the engine, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
6. After starting the engine, move the
starter (choke) back halfway.
ECA11130
EAU16640
CAUTION:
Starting a warm engine
For maximum engine life, always
warm the engine up before starting
off. Never accelerate hard when the
engine is cold!
Follow the same procedure as for starting a cold engine with the exception
that the starter (choke) is not required
when the engine is warm.
7. When the engine is warm, turn the
starter (choke) off.
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it responds
normally to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off. To avoid the possibility of excessive exhaust emissions,
never leave the starter (choke) on longer than necessary. The time necessary
for starter (choke) use depends upon
the ambient temperature. Temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) require about
7 seconds of starter (choke) use and
temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) require about 35 seconds with the starter
(choke) turned on, then about 2.5 minutes with the starter (choke) in the halfway position.
5-2
5
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16671
Shifting
ECA10260
CAUTION:
●
5
1. Shift pedal
2. Neutral position
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc.
The gear positions are shown in the illustration.
●
Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long distances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may damage
the transmission.
Always use the clutch while
changing gears to avoid damaging the engine, transmission,
and drive train, which are not
designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting.
EAU16680
NOTE:
To shift the transmission into the neutral position, press the shift pedal down
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its
travel, and then slightly raise it.
To start out and accelerate
1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
the clutch.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out.
3. Open the throttle gradually, and at
the same time, release the clutch
lever slowly.
5-3
4. At the recommended shift points
shown in the following table, close
the throttle, and at the same time,
quickly pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into second
gear. (Make sure not to shift the
transmission into the neutral position.)
6. Open the throttle part way and
gradually release the clutch lever.
7. Follow the same procedure when
shifting to the next higher gear.
NOTE:
Always shift gears at the recommended
shift points.
EAU16700
To decelerate
1. Apply both the front and the rear
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear when the motorcycle reaches
25 km/h (15.5 mi/h). If the engine is
about to stall or runs very roughly,
pull the clutch lever in and use the
brakes to stop the motorcycle.
U5PB13E0.book Page 4 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position when the motorcycle
is almost completely stopped. The
neutral indicator light should come
on.
EAU16720
Recommended shift points
The recommended shift points during
acceleration and deceleration are
shown in the table below.
Shift up points:
1st → 2nd: 20 km/h (12.4 mi/h)
2nd → 3rd: 30 km/h (18.6 mi/h)
3rd → 4th: 40 km/h (24.9 mi/h)
4th → 5th: 50 km/h (31.1 mi/h)
Shift down points:
5th → 4th: 25 km/h (15.5 mi/h)
4th → 3rd: 25 km/h (15.5 mi/h)
3rd → 2nd: 25 km/h (15.5 mi/h)
2nd → 1st: 25 km/h (15.5 mi/h)
EAU16841
ECA10331
Engine break-in
CAUTION:
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For
this reason, you should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves
to the correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might
result in engine overheating must be
avoided.
After 1000 km (600 mi) of operation,
the engine oil and final gear oil must
be changed, and the oil filter cartridge or element replaced.
EAU17041
0–1000 km (0–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/3
throttle.
1000–1600 km (600–1000 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/2
throttle.
5-4
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated normally.
ECA10270
CAUTION:
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
5
U5PB13E0.book Page 5 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU17180
Parking
When parking, stop the engine, remove
the key from the main switch, and then
turn the fuel cock lever to “OFF”.
EWA10310
WARNING
●
5
●
Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them.
Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn.
ECA10380
CAUTION:
Never park in an area where there
are fire hazards such as grass or
other flammable materials.
5-5
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU17231
EAU17301
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Safety is an obligation of the owner. Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition possible. The most important points of
motorcycle inspection, adjustment, and
lubrication are explained on the following pages.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair
of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
repair establishment or individual
that is certified (if applicable).
EWA10320
WARNING
If you are not familiar with maintenance work, have a Yamaha dealer
do it for you.
PROPER PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
OF YOUR VEHICLE IS IMPORTANT
IN ORDER TO ENJOY LONG, PLEASURABLE SERVICE. ESPECIALLY
IMPORTANT ARE THE MAINTENANCE SERVICES RELATED TO
EMISSIONS CONTROL. THESE
CONTROLS NOT ONLY FUNCTION
TO ENSURE CLEANER AIR, BUT
ARE ALSO VITAL TO PROPER ENGINE OPERATION AND MAXIMUM
PERFORMANCE. IN THE FOLLOWING
PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE
CHARTS, THE SERVICES RELATED
TO EMISSIONS CONTROL ARE
GROUPED SEPARATELY. THESE
SERVICES REQUIRE SPECIALIZED
DATA, KNOWLEDGE, AND EQUIPMENT. YAMAHA DEALERS ARE
TRAINED AND EQUIPPED TO PERFORM THESE PARTICULAR SERVICES.
EAU17440
Owner’s tool kit
1. Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located inside the
storage compartment. (See page
3-11.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. However, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
NOTE:
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
6-1
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EWA10340
WARNING
Modifications not approved by
Yamaha may cause loss of performance, excessive emissions, and
render the vehicle unsafe for use.
Consult a Yamaha dealer before attempting any changes.
6
6-2
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU17600
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
1 *
Fuel line
• Check fuel hoses for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.
2 *
Fuel filter
• Replace.
3
Spark plugs
• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
• Replace every 8000 mi (13000
km) or 12 months.
4 *
Valve clearance
• Check and adjust valve clearance
when engine is cold.
5 *
Crankcase breather
system
• Check breather hose for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.
6 *
Carburetor synchronization
• Adjust synchronization of carburetors.
7 *
Idle speed
8 *
9 *
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(7000 km)
or
6 months
√
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
(13000 km) (19000 km) (25000 km) (31000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
√
√
√
√
Replace.
√
Replace.
√
Replace.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Check and adjust engine idle
speed.
√
√
√
√
√
Exhaust system
• Check for leakage.
• Tighten if necessary.
• Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
Evaporative emission control system
(For California only)
• Check control system for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
6-3
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 4 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU32183
General maintenance and lubrication chart
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(7000 km)
or
6 months
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
(13000 km) (19000 km) (25000 km) (31000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
1 *
Air filter element
• Clean with compressed air.
• Replace if necessary.
2 *
Clutch
• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.
3 *
Front brake
4 *
Rear brake
5 *
Brake hoses
6 *
Wheels
• Check runout, spoke tightness
and for damage.
• Tighten spokes if necessary.
√
√
7 *
Tires
• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
√
8 *
Wheel bearings
• Check bearings for smooth operation.
• Replace if necessary.
√
6
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation, fluid level, and
for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation, fluid level, and
for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Check for cracks or damage.
• Replace.
Every 4 years
6-4
U5PB13E0.book Page 5 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
Swingarm pivot
bearings
• Check bearing assemblies for
looseness.
• Moderately repack with lithiumsoap-based grease.
10 *
Steering bearings
• Check bearing assemblies for
looseness.
• Moderately repack with lithiumsoap-based grease every 16000
mi (25000 km) or 24 months.
11 *
Chassis fasteners
12
9 *
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(7000 km)
or
6 months
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
(13000 km) (19000 km) (25000 km) (31000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
√
√
Repack.
√
√
√
Repack.
√
• Check all chassis fitting and fasteners.
• Correct if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
Brake and clutch lever pivot shafts
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease) lightly.
√
√
√
√
√
13
Brake and shift pedal pivot shafts
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease) lightly.
√
√
√
√
√
14
Sidestand pivot
• Check operation.
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease) lightly.
√
√
√
√
√
15 *
Sidestand switch
• Check operation and replace if
necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
16 *
Front fork
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
17 *
Shock absorber assembly
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
6
√
6-5
U5PB13E0.book Page 6 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
18 *
Rear suspension
link pivots
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
lightly.
19
Engine oil
• Change (warm engine before
draining).
√
20 *
Engine oil filter element
• Replace.
√
21
Final gear oil
• Check oil level and for oil leakage.
• Change at initial 600 mi (1000
km) or 1 month, and thereafter
every 16000 mi (25000 km) or 24
months.
22 *
Control cables
• Apply Yamaha chain and cable
lube or engine oil SAE 10W-30
thoroughly.
23 *
Throttle grip housing and cable
• Check operation and free play.
• Adjust the throttle cable free play
if necessary.
• Lubricate the throttle grip housing
and cable.
6
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(7000 km)
or
6 months
8000 mi
12000 mi
16000 mi
20000 mi
(13000 km) (19000 km) (25000 km) (31000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Change.
√
√
√
Change.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
NOTE:
From 24000 mi (37000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 8000 mi (13000 km) or 12 months.
6-6
U5PB13E0.book Page 7 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU17630
NOTE:
● The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
● Hydraulic brake service
• After disassembling the brake master cylinders and calipers, always change the fluid. Regularly check the brake fluid
levels and fill the reservoirs as required.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinders and calipers, and change the brake
fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.
6
6-7
U5PB13E0.book Page 8 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU18751
EAU19551
Removing and installing the
panel
Checking the spark plugs
The spark plugs are important engine
components, which are easy to check.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark
plugs should be removed and checked
in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
the condition of the spark plugs can reveal the condition of the engine.
The panel shown needs to be removed
to perform some of the maintenance
jobs described in this chapter. Refer to
this section each time the panel needs
to be removed and installed.
1. Bolt
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the bolt.
6
To remove a spark plug
1. Remove the appropriate spark
plug cover (rear right or front left)
by pulling it off as shown.
1. Panel A
EAU19151
Panel A
To remove the panel
Remove the bolt, and then pull the panel off as shown.
1. Spark plug cover
2. Remove the spark plug cap.
6-8
U5PB13E0.book Page 9 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench included in the owner’s tool kit.
NOTE:
If any spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be defective. Do not attempt to diagnose such
problems yourself. Instead, have a
Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
3. Check each spark plug for electrode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and replace
it if necessary.
1. Spark plug wrench
To check the spark plugs
1. Check that the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode on
each spark plug is a medium-tolight tan (the ideal color when the
vehicle is ridden normally).
2. Check that all spark plugs installed
in the engine have the same color.
Specified spark plug:
NGK/BPR7ES
DENSO/W22EPR-U
To install a spark plug
1. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
1. Spark plug gap
Spark plug gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
2. Clean the surface of the spark plug
gasket and its mating surface, and
then wipe off any grime from the
spark plug threads.
3. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14.5 ft·lbf)
6-9
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 10 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU19672
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn
past finger tight. However, the spark
plug should be tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.
Canister (for California only)
The engine oil level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the oil
must be changed and the oil filter element replaced at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
4. Install the spark plug cap.
5. Place the spark plug cover in the
original position.
6
EAU19822
Engine oil
This model is equipped with a canister
to prevent the discharging of fuel vapor
into the atmosphere.
● Check each hose connection.
● Check each hose and canister for
cracks or damage. Replace if damaged.
● Make sure the vent hose is not
blocked. Clean it if necessary.
6-10
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
NOTE:
Make sure that the vehicle is positioned
straight up when checking the oil level.
A slight tilt to the side can result in a
false reading.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, and then check the oil level
through the check window located
at the bottom-left side of the crankcase.
U5PB13E0.book Page 11 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
3. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and drain bolt to drain the oil from
the crankcase.
NOTE:
Check the washer for damage and replace it if necessary.
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lbf)
5. Add the specified amount of the
recommended engine oil, and then
install and tighten the oil filler cap.
1. Engine oil filler cap
1. Engine oil level check window
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
ECA11620
4. If the engine oil is at or below the
minimum level mark, add sufficient
oil of the recommended type to
raise it to the correct level.
To change the engine oil
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
2. Place an oil pan under the engine
to collect the used oil.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil change quantity:
3.00 L (3.17 US qt) (2.64 Imp.qt)
CAUTION:
●
1. Engine oil drain bolt
4. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and
then tighten it to the specified
torque.
6-11
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives. Do
not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In
addition, do not use oils labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
higher.
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 12 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
●
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
6. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn the engine off and
check for the cause.
NOTE:
After the engine is started, the engine
oil level warning light should go off if the
oil level is sufficient.
ECA10400
CAUTION:
6
If the oil level warning light flickers
or remains on, immediately turn the
engine off and have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
7. Turn the engine off, and then
check the oil level and correct it if
necessary.
NOTE:
Have a Yamaha dealer replace the oil
filter element at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
EAU20022
Final gear oil
The final gear case must be checked
for oil leakage before each ride. If any
leakage is found, have a Yamaha dealer check and repair the vehicle. In addition, the final gear oil level must be
checked and the oil changed as follows
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then
check the oil level in the final gear
case.
NOTE:
The oil level should be at the brim of the
filler hole.
EWA10370
WARNING
●
●
Make sure that no foreign material enters the final gear case.
Make sure that no oil gets on the
tire or wheel.
To check the final gear oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
NOTE:
● The final gear oil level must be
checked on a cold engine.
● Make sure that the vehicle is positioned straight up when checking
the oil level. A slight tilt to the side
can result in a false reading.
6-12
1. Final gear oil drain bolt
2. Final gear oil filler bolt
3. Correct oil level
3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the
correct level.
To change the final gear oil
1. Place an oil pan under the final
gear case to collect the used oil.
U5PB13E0.book Page 13 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
2. Remove the oil filler bolt and drain
bolt to drain the oil from the final
gear case.
3. Install the final gear oil drain bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified
torque.
6. Check the final gear case for oil
leakage. If oil is leaking, check for
the cause.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil drain bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
EAU20670
Cleaning the air filter element
The air filter element should be cleaned
as follows at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Clean the air filter element
more frequently if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
1. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
4. Add the recommended final gear
oil to the brim of the filler hole.
Recommended final gear oil:
SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.19 L (0.20 US qt) (0.17 Imp.qt)
6
NOTE:
GL4 is a quality rating. Hypoid gear oils
rated GL5 or GL6 may also be used.
1. Air filter case cover
2. Screw
2. Pull the air filter element out.
3. Lightly tap the air filter element to
remove most of the dust and dirt,
and then blow the remaining dirt
out with compressed air as shown.
If the air filter element is damaged,
replace it.
5. Install the oil filler bolt, and then
tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
6-13
U5PB13E0.book Page 14 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
ECA10480
●
●
4. Insert the air filter element into the
air filter case as shown.
EAU21271
Carburetors
CAUTION:
Make sure that the air filter element is properly seated in the
air filter case.
The engine should never be operated without the air filter element installed, otherwise the
piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may
become excessively worn.
5. Install the air filter case cover by installing the screws.
6
1. Air filter element
2. Projection
3. Slot
6-14
The carburetors are important parts of
the engine and emission control system, which require very sophisticated
adjustment. Therefore, all carburetor
adjustments should be left to a Yamaha
dealer, who has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.
U5PB13E0.book Page 15 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU21381
Checking the throttle cable
free play
EAU21401
EAU32520
Valve clearance
Tires
The valve clearance changes with use,
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified tires.
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be checked
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
ride.
EWA10500
WARNING
1. Throttle cable free play
●
The throttle cable free play should measure 4.0–6.0 mm (0.16–0.24 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
●
6-15
The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
The tire air pressure must be adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 16 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
6
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
0–90 kg (0–198 lb):
Front:
200 kPa (29 psi) (2.00 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
225 kPa (33 psi) (2.25 kgf/cm²)
90–197 kg (198–434 lb) (CAL)
90–200 kg (198–441 lb) (U49):
Front:
225 kPa (33 psi) (2.25 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 kgf/cm²)
Maximum load*:
197 kg (434 lb) (CAL)
200 kg (441 lb) (U49)
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
and check the condition and pressure of your tires. NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR VEHICLE. Make sure
that the total weight of the cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories
(cowling, saddlebags, etc. if approved for this model) does not exceed the maximum load of the
vehicle. Operation of an overloaded
vehicle could cause tire damage, an
accident, or even injury.
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments
in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, contact a Yamaha dealer immediately and
have the tire replaced.
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
rear):
1.0 mm (0.04 in)
EWA10560
WARNING
●
Tire inspection
●
EWA10510
WARNING
Proper loading of your vehicle is important for several characteristics of
your vehicle, such as handling,
braking, performance and safety. Do
not carry loosely packed items that
can shift. Securely pack your heaviest items close to the center of the
vehicle, and distribute the weight
evenly from side to side. Properly
adjust the suspension for your load,
●
1. Tire sidewall
2. Tire wear indicator
3. Tire tread depth
Always check the tires before operating
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth),
6-16
It is dangerous to ride with a
worn-out tire. When a tire tread
begins to show crosswise lines,
have a Yamaha dealer replace
the tire immediately.
The replacement of all wheeland brake-related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience.
It is not recommended to patch
a punctured tube. If unavoidable, however, patch the tube
very carefully and replace it as
soon as possible with a highquality product.
U5PB13E0.book Page 17 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tire information
This motorcycle is equipped with spoke
wheels and tube tires.
EWA10460
WARNING
●
●
The front and rear tires should
be of the same make and design, otherwise the handling
characteristics of the vehicle
cannot be guaranteed.
After extensive tests, only the
tires listed below have been approved for this model by
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
Front tire:
Size:
110/90-18M/C 61S
Manufacturer/model:
DUNLOP/K555F
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA L309
Rear tire:
Size:
170/80-15M/C 77S
Manufacturer/model:
DUNLOP/K555
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA G546G
EAU21940
Spoke wheels
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified wheels.
● The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends or warpage, and
the spokes for looseness or damage before each ride. If any damage is found, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the wheel. Do not
attempt even the smallest repair to
the wheel. A deformed or cracked
wheel must be replaced.
● The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
● Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire surface must first be “broken in” for it
to develop its optimal characteristics.
6-17
EAU22011
Accessories and replacement
parts
EWA10621
WARNING
This vehicle is not designed to pull a
trailer or to be attached to a sidecar.
The accessories or replacement
parts you choose for your vehicle
should be designed specifically for
this model, and they must be securely mounted to maintain the inherent stability of the original
design. Genuine Yamaha Parts and
Accessories are designed and tested to be compatible with your vehicle. Please consider Genuine
Yamaha Parts and Accessories before making a purchase. Use of nonYamaha-approved accessories or
replacement parts may cause loss of
handling stability and riding safety.
Since Yamaha cannot control the
quality of accessories or parts manufactured by other companies,
Yamaha cannot be held liable for
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 18 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
any consequences caused by the
use of items which have not been
approved by Yamaha.
EAU22020
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play
1. Locknut
2. Clutch lever free play adjusting bolt
3. Clutch lever free play
6
The clutch lever free play should measure 5.0–10.0 mm (0.20–0.39 in) as
shown. Periodically check the clutch lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch lever.
2. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in direction (a). To decrease the clutch
lever free play, turn the adjusting
bolt in direction (b).
3. Tighten the locknut.
6-18
NOTE:
If the specified free play cannot be obtained as described above or if the
clutch does not operate correctly, have
a Yamaha dealer check the internal
clutch mechanism.
U5PB13E0.book Page 19 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
system. If there is air in the hydraulic system, have a Yamaha
dealer bleed the system before
operating the motorcycle. Air in
the hydraulic system will diminish the braking performance,
which may result in loss of control and an accident.
EAU22092
Adjusting the brake lever free
play
1. Locknut
2. Brake lever free play adjusting screw
1. Brake lever free play
The brake lever free play should measure 5.0–8.0 mm (0.20–0.31 in) as
shown. Periodically check the brake lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake lever.
2. To increase the brake lever free
play, turn the adjusting screw in direction (a). To decrease the brake
lever free play, turn the adjusting
screw in direction (b).
3. Tighten the locknut.
EWA10630
WARNING
●
●
After adjusting the brake lever
free play, check the free play
and make sure that the brake is
working properly.
A soft or spongy feeling in the
brake lever can indicate the
presence of air in the hydraulic
6-19
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 20 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU22270
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch
EAU22321
Checking the front and rear
brake pads
Front brake
1. Rear brake light switch
2. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut
6
The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the brake pedal, is properly
adjusted when the brake light comes
on just before braking takes effect. If
necessary, adjust the brake light switch
as follows.
Turn the adjusting nut while holding the
rear brake light switch in place. To
make the brake light come on earlier,
turn the adjusting nut in direction (a). To
make the brake light come on later, turn
the adjusting nut in direction (b).
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
Rear brake
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
6-20
The front and rear brake pads must be
checked for wear at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart. Each brake pad is
provided with a wear indicator groove,
which allows you to check the brake
pad wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the brake pad
wear, check the wear indicator
grooves. If a brake pad has worn to the
point that the wear indicator groove has
almost disappeared, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the brake pads as a set.
U5PB13E0.book Page 21 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU22580
Checking the brake fluid level
Front brake
1. Minimum level mark
Rear brake
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark and
replenish if necessary. A low brake fluid
level may indicate worn brake pads
and/or brake system leakage. If the
brake fluid level is low, be sure to check
the brake pads for wear and the brake
system for leakage.
Observe these precautions:
● When checking the fluid level,
make sure that the top of the brake
fluid reservoir is level.
● Use only the recommended quality
brake fluid, otherwise the rubber
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor braking performance.
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT 4
●
1. Minimum level mark
Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor braking performance.
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to
enter the brake system, possibly causing it to become ineffective.
6-21
●
●
●
Be careful that water does not enter the brake fluid reservoir when
refilling. Water will significantly
lower the boiling point of the fluid
and may result in vapor lock.
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for the brake fluid level to gradually go down. However, if the
brake fluid level goes down suddenly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the cause.
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 22 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU22730
Changing the brake fluid
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the NOTE after the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
have the oil seals of the master cylinders and calipers as well as the brake
hoses replaced at the intervals listed
below or whenever they are damaged
or leaking.
● Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
● Brake hoses: Replace every four
years.
6
EAU23090
EAU23110
Checking and lubricating the
cables
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
The operation of all control cables and
the condition of the cables should be
checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is damaged
or does not move smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it.
The operation of the throttle grip should
be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubricated or
replaced at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or
engine oil SAE 10W-30 (API SE)
EWA10710
WARNING
Damage to the outer housing of cables may result in internal rusting
and cause interference with cable
movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as possible to prevent
unsafe conditions.
6-22
U5PB13E0.book Page 23 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23131
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals
EAU23140
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers
The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before each
ride, and the lever pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before each
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
6-23
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 24 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23200
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand
EAUM1650
Lubricating the swingarm
pivots
EAU23250
Lubricating the rear
suspension
The swingarm pivots must be lubricated at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
6
The operation of the sidestand should
be checked before each ride, and the
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal
contact surfaces should be lubricated if
necessary.
The pivoting points of the rear suspension must be lubricated at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
EWA10730
WARNING
If the sidestand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair it.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
6-24
U5PB13E0.book Page 25 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23271
EAU23280
Checking the front fork
Checking the steering
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place a stand under the engine to
raise the front wheel off the
ground.
To check the condition
EWA10750
WARNING
Securely support the vehicle so that
there is no danger of it falling over.
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
To check the operation
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars
several times to check if the front
fork compresses and rebounds
smoothly.
ECA10590
CAUTION:
EWA10750
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
6-25
WARNING
Securely support the vehicle so that
there is no danger of it falling over.
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 26 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23290
Checking the wheel bearings
EAU23380
Battery
The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
the wheel bearings.
1. Positive battery terminal
2. Negative battery terminal
The battery is located behind panel A.
(See page 6-8.)
This model is equipped with a sealedtype (MF) battery, which does not require any maintenance. There is no
need to check the electrolyte or to add
distilled water.
6
ECA10620
CAUTION:
Never attempt to remove the battery
cell seals, as this would permanently damage the battery.
6-26
U5PB13E0.book Page 27 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EWA10760
WARNING
●
●
Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15
minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
●
KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
To charge the battery
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery as soon as possible if it seems to
have discharged. Keep in mind that the
battery tends to discharge more quickly
if the vehicle is equipped with optional
electrical accessories.
To store the battery
1. If the vehicle will not be used for
more than one month, remove the
battery, fully charge it, and then
place it in a cool, dry place.
2. If the battery will be stored for more
than two months, check it at least
once a month and fully charge it if
necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before installation.
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly connected to the battery terminals.
6-27
ECA10630
CAUTION:
●
●
Always keep the battery
charged. Storing a discharged
battery can cause permanent
battery damage.
To charge a sealed-type (MF)
battery, a special (constant-voltage) battery charger is required.
Using a conventional battery
charger will damage the battery.
If you do not have access to a
sealed-type (MF) battery charger, have a Yamaha dealer
charge your battery.
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 28 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU27102
Replacing the fuses
The main fuse is located under the ignitor unit panel.
The fuse box, which contains the fuses
for the individual circuits, is located inside the storage compartment. (See
page 3-11.)
NOTE:
Include steps 1–3 and 8–9 only for the
main fuse.
1. Remove the rider seat. (See page
3-9.)
2. Remove the quick fasteners
shown by pushing the center in
with a screwdriver, then pulling the
fastener out.
4. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
5. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage.
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuse box
Headlight fuse
Signaling system fuse
Ignition fuse
Carburetor heater fuse
Ignitor unit fuse (for California only)
Backup fuse (for odometer)
Spare fuse
1. Ignitor unit panel
2. Spare main fuse
3. Main fuse
1. Quick fastener
3. Pull the ignitor unit panel outward
to the right.
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
6-28
U5PB13E0.book Page 29 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
8. Place the ignitor unit panel in the
original position and install the
quick fasteners.
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
30.0 A
Backup fuse:
5.0 A
Ignition fuse:
10.0 A
Headlight fuse:
15.0 A
Carburetor heater fuse:
15.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
10.0 A
Ignitor unit fuse:
5.0 A (CAL)
NOTE:
To install a quick fastener, push its pin
back so that it will protrude from the fastener head, then insert the fastener and
push the protruding pin in until it is flush
with the fastener head.
EAU23792
Replacing the headlight bulb
This model is equipped with a quartz
bulb headlight. If the headlight bulb
burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the headlight unit by removing the screws.
ECA10640
CAUTION:
Do not use a fuse of a higher amperage rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to
the electrical system and possibly a
fire.
6. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
7. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
6
1. Screw
1. Quick fastener (after removal)
2. Quick fastener (before installation)
9. Install the rider seat.
6-29
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
and then remove the bulb cover.
3. Unhook the headlight bulb holder,
and then remove the defective
bulb.
U5PB13E0.book Page 30 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
fected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt
and fingerprints on the headlight
bulb using a cloth moistened with alcohol or thinner.
EAU24281
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb or the tail/brake light bulb
1. Remove the lens by removing the
screws.
1. Headlight bulb holder
EWA10790
WARNING
6
Headlight bulbs get very hot. Therefore, keep flammable products away
from a lit headlight bulb, and do not
touch the bulb until it has cooled
down.
4. Place a new headlight bulb into position, and then secure it with the
bulb holder.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
1. Screw
5. Install the headlight bulb cover,
and then connect the coupler.
6. Install the headlight unit by installing the screws.
7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.
ECA10660
CAUTION:
Do not touch the glass part of the
headlight bulb to keep it free from
oil, otherwise the transparency of
the glass, the luminosity of the bulb,
and the bulb life will be adversely af-
1. Screw
6-30
U5PB13E0.book Page 31 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws.
ECA10680
CAUTION:
Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.
EAU24350
Supporting the motorcycle
Since this model is not equipped with a
centerstand, follow these precautions
when removing the front and rear
wheel or performing other maintenance
requiring the motorcycle to stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a
stable and level position before starting
any maintenance. A strong wooden
box can be placed under the engine for
added stability.
To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle
by using a motorcycle stand or, if
an additional motorcycle stand is
not available, by placing a jack under the frame in front of the rear
wheel.
2. Raise the front wheel off the
ground by using a motorcycle
stand.
To service the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motorcycle stand is not available, by placing
6-31
a jack either under each side of the
frame in front of the rear wheel or under
each side of the swingarm.
6
U5PB13E0.book Page 32 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU25850
Troubleshooting
6
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
6-32
U5PB13E0.book Page 33 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU25891
Troubleshooting chart
EWA10840
WARNING
Keep away open flames and do not smoke while checking or working on the fuel system.
1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.
Check the compression.
There is no fuel.
Supply fuel.
There is compression.
Check the ignition.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
The engine does not start.
Check the compression.
2. Compression
Operate the electric starter.
3. Ignition
6
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs.
Open the throttle halfway and operate
the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
Remove the spark plugs
and check the electrodes.
4. Battery
The engine turns over
quickly.
The battery is good.
The engine turns over
slowly.
Check the battery lead connections,
and charge the battery if necessary.
Operate the electric starter.
6-33
The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
ucts onto seals, gaskets and wheel
axles. Always rinse the dirt and degreaser off with water.
EAU26060
Care
While the open design of a motorcycle
reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop
even if high-quality components are
used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts
from the overall appearance of a motorcycle. Frequent and proper care does
not only comply with the terms of the
warranty, but it will also keep your
motorcycle looking good, extend its life
and optimize its performance.
7
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug caps, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such prod-
●
Cleaning
ECA10770
CAUTION:
●
●
●
Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.
Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use only
a soft, clean cloth or sponge
with mild detergent and water to
clean plastic.
Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
7-1
●
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors,
instruments,
switches and lights), breather
hoses and vents.
For motorcycles equipped with
a windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave
scratches on the windshield.
Test the product on a small hidden part of the windshield to
make sure that it does not leave
any marks. If the windshield is
scratched, use a quality plastic
polishing
compound
after
washing.
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads
during winter are extremely corrosive in
combination with water, carry out the
following steps after each ride in the
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
roads.
NOTE:
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
remain well into spring.
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold water and a mild detergent, after the
engine has cooled down.
ECA10790
CAUTION:
Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the
salt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
7. Let the motorcycle dry completely
before storing or covering it.
EWA11130
2. After drying the motorcycle, apply
a corrosion protection spray on all
metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
or an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
7-2
WARNING
●
●
Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires.
If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent. Before riding at higher
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
braking performance and cornering behavior.
ECA10800
CAUTION:
●
●
Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
7
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
●
Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on
what products to use.
EAU26230
Storage
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover.
ECA10810
CAUTION:
●
●
7
Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still
wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.
To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. For motorcycles equipped with a
fuel cock that has an “OFF” position: Turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
7-3
3. Drain the carburetor float chambers by loosening the drain bolts;
this will prevent fuel deposits from
building up. Pour the drained fuel
into the fuel tank.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug caps
and spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
into each spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug caps onto
the spark plugs, and then place
the spark plugs on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder walls with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug caps
from the spark plugs, and then
install the spark plugs and the
spark plug caps.
U5PB13E0.book Page 4 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
EWA10950
WARNING
To prevent damage or injury from
sparking, make sure to ground the
spark plug electrodes while turning
the engine over.
°C (90 °F)]. For more information
on storing the battery, see page
6-26.
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
6. Lubricate all control cables and the
pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/centerstand.
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
8. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags to prevent moisture from
entering them.
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a month.
Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less
than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30
7
7-4
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
Overall length:
2405 mm (94.7 in)
Overall width:
895 mm (35.2 in)
Overall height:
1095 mm (43.1 in)
Seat height:
690 mm (27.2 in)
Wheelbase:
1640 mm (64.6 in)
Ground clearance:
145 mm (5.71 in)
Minimum turning radius:
3200 mm (126.0 in)
Weight:
With oil and fuel:
275.0 kg (606 lb) (U49)
278.0 kg (613 lb) (CAL)
Engine:
8
Engine type:
Air cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Cylinder arrangement:
V-type 2-cylinder
Displacement:
1063.0 cm³ (64.86 cu.in)
Bore × stroke:
95.0 × 75.0 mm (3.74 × 2.95 in)
Compression ratio:
8.30 :1
Starting system:
Electric starter
Lubrication system:
Wet sump
Engine oil:
Type:
YAMALUBE 4, SAE10W30 or SAE20W40
Fuel tank capacity:
17.0 L (4.49 US gal) (3.74 Imp.gal)
Fuel reserve amount:
4.5 L (1.19 US gal) (0.99 Imp.gal)
Carburetor:
0°
10°
30° 50° 70° 90° 110° 130°F
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30)
or SAE 10W30
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40)
or SAE 20W40
–20° –10°
0°
10° 20° 30° 40° 50°C
Recommended engine oil grade:
API service SE, SF, SG type or higher
Engine oil quantity:
Without oil filter element replacement:
3.00 L (3.17 US qt) (2.64 Imp.qt)
With oil filter element replacement:
3.10 L (3.28 US qt) (2.73 Imp.qt)
Final gear oil:
Type:
SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Quantity:
0.19 L (0.20 US qt) (0.17 Imp.qt)
Air filter:
Air filter element:
Dry element
Fuel:
Recommended fuel:
Unleaded gasoline only
8-1
Manufacturer:
MIKUNI
Type x quantity:
BSR37 x 2
Spark plug(s):
Manufacturer/model:
NGK/BPR7ES
Manufacturer/model:
DENSO/W22EPR-U
Spark plug gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
Clutch:
Clutch type:
Wet, multiple-disc
Transmission:
Primary reduction system:
Spur gear
Primary reduction ratio:
78/47 (1.660)
Secondary reduction system:
Shaft drive
Secondary reduction ratio:
44/47 × 19/18 × 32/11 (2.875)
Transmission type:
Constant mesh 5-speed
Operation:
Left foot operation
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Gear ratio:
1st:
40/17 (2.353)
2nd:
40/24 (1.667)
3rd:
36/28 (1.286)
4th:
32/31 (1.032)
5th:
29/34 (0.853)
Chassis:
Frame type:
Double cradle
Caster angle:
33.00 °
Trail:
136.0 mm (5.35 in)
Front tire:
Type:
With tube
Size:
110/90-18M/C 61S
Manufacturer/model:
DUNLOP/K555F
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA L309
Rear tire:
Type:
With tube
Size:
170/80-15M/C 77S
Manufacturer/model:
DUNLOP/K555
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA G546G
Loading:
Maximum load:
197 kg (434 lb) (CAL)
200 kg (441 lb) (U49)
(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories)
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
Loading condition:
0–90 kg (0–198 lb)
Front:
200 kPa (29 psi) (2.00 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
225 kPa (33 psi) (2.25 kgf/cm²)
Loading condition:
90–197 kg (198–434 lb) (CAL)
90–200 kg (198–441 lb) (U49)
Front:
225 kPa (33 psi) (2.25 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 kgf/cm²)
Front wheel:
Wheel type:
Spoke wheel
Rim size:
18x2.15
Rear wheel:
Front brake:
Type:
Dual disc brake
Operation:
Right hand operation
Recommended fluid:
DOT 4
Rear brake:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Right foot operation
Recommended fluid:
DOT 4
Front suspension:
Type:
Telescopic fork
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
140.0 mm (5.51 in)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Swingarm (link suspension)
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/gas-oil damper
Wheel travel:
113.0 mm (4.45 in)
Electrical system:
Wheel type:
Spoke wheel
Rim size:
15M/C x MT4.50
Ignition system:
Transistorized coil ignition (digital)
Charging system:
AC magneto
8-2
8
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Battery:
Model:
GT14B-4
Voltage, capacity:
12 V, 12.0 Ah
Headlight:
Bulb type:
Halogen bulb
Bulb voltage, wattage x quantity:
8
Headlight:
12 V, 60 W/55.0 W × 1
Tail/brake light:
12 V, 8.0 W/27.0 W × 1
Front turn signal/position light:
12 V, 23 W/8.0 W × 2
Rear turn signal light:
12 V, 21.0 W × 2
Meter lighting:
14 V, 1.4 W × 2
Neutral indicator light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
High beam indicator light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Oil level warning light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Engine trouble warning light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Signaling system fuse:
10.0 A
Ignition fuse:
10.0 A
Carburetor heater fuse:
15.0 A
Ignitor unit fuse:
5.0 A (CAL)
Backup fuse:
5.0 A
Fuses:
Main fuse:
30.0 A
Headlight fuse:
15.0 A
8-3
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26351
Identification numbers
EAU26381
EAU26400
Key identification number
Vehicle identification number
1. Key identification number
1. Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
stamped into the key tag. Record this
number in the space provided and use
it for reference when ordering a new
key.
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space provided.
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen.
KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
9-1
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in your
area.
9
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26470
Model label
1. Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the rider seat. (See page 3-9.)
Record the information on this label in
the space provided. This information
will be needed when ordering spare
parts from a Yamaha dealer.
9
9-2
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26550
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately
inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C.
area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
9
9-3
U5PB13E0.book Page 4 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26560
Motorcycle noise regulation
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of
the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW”.
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
• Muffler
• Exhaust pipe
• Silencer
Intake system
• Air cleaner case
• Air cleaner element
• Intake duct
9
9-4
U5PB13E0.book Page 5 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26632
Maintenance record
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your vehicle will be required to document that
maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder
that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.
Maintenance
interval
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
600 mi
(1000 km) or
1 month
4000 mi
(7000 km) or
6 months
8000 mi
(13000 km) or
12 months
12000 mi
(19000 km) or
18 months
16000 mi
(25000 km) or
24 months
20000 mi
(31000 km) or
30 months
24000 mi
(37000 km) or
36 months
28000 mi
(43000 km) or
42 months
32000 mi
(49000 km) or
48 months
Remarks
9
9-5
U5PB13E0.book Page 6 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Maintenance
interval
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
36000 mi
(55000 km) or
54 months
40000 mi
(61000 km) or
60 months
9
9-6
Remarks
U5PB13E0.book Page 7 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26661
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED
WARRANTY
9
9-7
U5PB13E0.book Page 8 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
9
9-8
U5PB13E0.book Page 9 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26750
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
Keep your Yamaha protected even after your warranty
expires with genuine Yamaha Extended Service (Y.E.S.).
In addition, Travel and Recreation Interruption Protection
(TRIP) is included at no extra cost. TRIP gives you up to
$150 reimbursement per occurrence for any reasonable
expenses you incur because your Yamaha needs
covered service: replacement vehicle rental, emergency
towing, phone calls, even food and lodging when you are
away from home. This superb coverage goes into effect
when you purchase Y.E.S., so it applies to any warranty
repairs as well as covered repairs during your entire
Y.E.S. plan period.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by Yamaha Motor
Corporation to provide maximum owner satisfaction. You
get uninterrupted factory-backed coverage for extra
peace of mind.
Y.E.S. is flexible. You choose the plan that’s right for
you: 12 months, 24 months, 36 months or, on certain
models, even 48 months beyond your warranty period.
Y.E.S. coverage is honored at any authorized Yamaha
dealer nationwide.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by the same
Yamaha people who handle your warranty – and it
shows in the comprehensive coverage benefits. There
are no mileage limitations. Coverage isn’t limited to
“moving parts” or the “drive train” like many other plans.
And Y.E.S. covers manufacturing defects just like the
warranty. See the sample contract at your Yamaha
dealer to see how comforting uninterrupted factorybacked protection can be.
Y.E.S. coverage is transferable to a new owner if you
sell or trade-in. That can make your Yamaha much more
valuable!
This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to
Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still
within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your
authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show
you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha
Extended Service.
You don’t have to pay anything for covered repairs.
There’s no deductible to pay, and repairs aren’t
“pro-rated.” You don’t have any “out-of-pocket” expenses
for covered repairs.
9
9-9
U5PB13E0.book Page 10 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
We urge you to act now. You’ll get the excellent benefits of
TRIP coverage right away, and you’ll rest easy knowing
you’ll have strong factory-backed protection even after your
Yamaha Limited Warranty expires.
A special note:
If visiting your dealer isn’t convenient, contact Yamaha with
your Primary ID number (your frame number). We’ll be
happy to help you get the Y.E.S. coverage you need.
Yamaha Service Marketing
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, CA 90630
1-(866)-YES-EXTD (1-866-937-3983)
9
9-10
U5PB13E0.book Page 1 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INDEX
A
Front fork, checking...............................6-25
Fuel .........................................................3-6
Fuel cock.................................................3-8
Fuel tank cap...........................................3-6
Fuses, replacing....................................6-28
Accessories and replacement parts ..... 6-17
Air filter element, cleaning .................... 6-13
B
Battery .................................................. 6-26
Brake and clutch levers,
checking and lubricating..................... 6-23
Brake and shift pedals,
checking and lubricating..................... 6-23
Brake fluid, changing ............................ 6-22
Brake fluid level, checking .................... 6-21
Brake lever ............................................. 3-5
Brake lever free play, adjusting ............ 6-19
Brake pedal ............................................ 3-5
D
Dimmer switch ........................................ 3-4
E
Engine break-in ...................................... 5-4
Engine oil.............................................. 6-10
Engine, starting a warm.......................... 5-2
Engine stop switch.................................. 3-4
Engine trouble warning light ................... 3-2
F
Handlebar switches .................................3-3
Headlight bulb, replacing.......................6-29
Helmet holder........................................3-10
High beam indicator light.........................3-2
Horn switch .............................................3-4
Rear brake light switch, adjusting ......... 6-20
Rear suspension, lubricating ................ 6-24
S
Safety defects, reporting......................... 9-3
Safety information................................... 1-1
Seats....................................................... 3-9
Shifting.................................................... 5-3
Shift pedal............................................... 3-5
Shock absorber assembly, adjusting .... 3-12
Sidestand.............................................. 3-14
Sidestand, checking and lubricating ..... 6-24
Spark plugs, checking............................. 6-8
Specifications.......................................... 8-1
Speedometer unit ................................... 3-3
Starter (choke) lever ............................... 3-9
Starting and warming up a cold
engine................................................... 5-1
Start switch ............................................. 3-4
Steering, checking ................................ 6-25
Storage ................................................... 7-3
Storage compartment ........................... 3-11
Supporting the motorcycle .................... 6-31
Swingarm pivots, lubricating ................. 6-24
I
Identification numbers .............................9-1
Ignition circuit cut-off system .................3-14
Indicator and warning lights ....................3-2
K
Key identification number........................9-1
L
Labels, location of ...................................1-5
Luggage strap holders ..........................3-13
M
Main switch/steering lock ........................3-1
Maintenance and lubrication, periodic.....6-4
Maintenance, emission control system ...6-3
Maintenance, periodic .............................6-1
Maintenance record ................................9-5
Model label..............................................9-2
N
Neutral indicator light ..............................3-2
Noise regulation ......................................9-4
O
Oil level warning light ..............................3-2
Final gear oil ......................................... 6-12
Front and rear brake pads, checking.... 6-20
R
H
C
Cables, checking and lubricating.......... 6-22
Canister (for California only)................. 6-10
Carburetors........................................... 6-14
Care........................................................ 7-1
Catalytic converter
(for California only) ............................... 3-7
Clutch lever............................................. 3-4
Clutch lever free play, adjusting ........... 6-18
Parking.................................................... 5-5
Part locations .......................................... 2-1
Pre-operation check list .......................... 4-2
P
Panel, removing and installing ................6-8
T
Throttle cable free play, checking ......... 6-15
Throttle grip and cable,
checking and lubricating ..................... 6-22
Tires...................................................... 6-15
Tool kit .................................................... 6-1
Troubleshooting .................................... 6-32
U5PB13E0.book Page 2 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
INDEX
Troubleshooting chart ........................... 6-33
Turn signal indicator light ........................ 3-2
Turn signal light bulb or
tail/brake light bulb, replacing ............. 6-30
Turn signal switch ................................... 3-4
V
Valve clearance .................................... 6-15
Vehicle identification number .................. 9-1
W
Warranty, extended................................. 9-9
Warranty, limited ..................................... 9-7
Wheel bearings, checking..................... 6-26
Wheels .................................................. 6-17
U5PB13E0.book Page 3 Monday, July 12, 2004 11:00 AM
OWNER’S MANUAL
XVS1100T(C)
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2004.07-1.8×1 CR
(E)
LIT-11626-18-42
5PB-28199-13
Download PDF

advertising