Bushranger | 530SPB | Operating instructions | Bushranger 530SPB Operating instructions

CONTENTS
WARRANTY CARD
IMPORTANT
This Warranty Card should be filled in, retained and used as reference with any
Correspondence that you may have with your Service Agent or Manufacturer
MODEL
SERIAL NUMBER
PURCHASE DATE
PRICE (INCL GST)
OWNERS NAME
OWNERS ADDRESS
RETAILERS NAME
RETAILERS ADDRESS
CONTENTS
Page No.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
COMMISSIONING THE LAWNMOWER
Oil
Fuel
Handlebar folding instructions
Handlebar Height adjustment instructions
Mulch models
1
4
4
4
5
5
5
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER
Starting the lawnmower Cold starts
Starting the lawnmower Hot starts
Stopping the engine
Throttle control lever
Zone start handle
Recoil start handle
Cutting height adjustment
Cutting blade adjustment
Grass catcher
Self propelled model
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
9
10
11
CONTENTS
MAINTENANCE
Engine
Check engine oil level
Clean the air cleaner
Check spark plug
Rotating screen
Throttle, Self propelled
Fasteners and linkages
Blade care
Change worn or damaged blades
Disc blade assembly
Blade replacement torque settings
Carburettor adjustment
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
15
15
CLEANING & STORAGE
Cleaning the mower body
Cleaning the catcher
Muffler
Cleaning under self propelled drive cover
Storage
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARANTY
16
16
16
17
17
18
19
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
MEANING OF THE SYMBOLS SHOWN ON THE MOWER
Warning
Read Operating Instructions before starting operations
Be careful of object thrown from the lawnmower
Keep other people away from the danger zone
Disconnect spark plug before carrying out any maintenance
Danger - Keep hands and feet away from cutting blades
Be careful of hot surfaces
Danger- Do NOT touch hot surfaces
1
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Safety sign:
CAUTION A caution indicates precautions
that must be taken to avoid injury to the operator or
any bystander, or damage to your mower.
This sign is used to indicate important
information for your safety and to prevent
damage.
Training:
CAUTION Read this manual before using the
lawnmower. It is essential that operators study it for
their own and others safety.
1. Read the instructions carefully. Be
familiar with the controls and use of
the equipment.
2. Know how to stop the lawnmower and
disengage the controls quickly in an
emergency.
3. The operator or user is responsible for accidents or hazards occurring to other people or
property.
Safety:
4. Never allow children or people unfamiliar with these instructions to use the lawnmower.
5. Never operate the lawnmower while people or animals are nearby.
6. While mowing, always wear substantial footwear and long trousers. Do not operate the
lawnmower when barefoot or wearing open sandals.
7. Never operate the lawnmower with defective guards, shields or without safety protection
devices in place and in good working order.
8. Do not operate the lawnmower in a confined space where dangerous carbon monoxide
fumes can collect.
9. Never cut grass while walking backwards.
10. Always wear suitable eye
lawnmower.
& ear
protection
when
operating
the
11. Mow only in daylight hours or in good artificial light.
12. Never lift or carry the lawnmower while the engine is running.
13. Keep hands and feet well clear of rotating blades and components.
14. Always stop the engine when you leave the lawnmower unattended and when crossing
roads, pathways or gravel drives.
15. Never mow without the catcher fitted or the rear flap in the closed / down position.
2
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
Preparation:
16. Thoroughly inspect the area where the lawnmower is to be used and remove all stones,
sticks, wires, bones and any other foreign objects.
17. When mowing on slopes, only mow across the face, never up and down. Exercise
extreme caution when changing direction. Do not attempt to mow excessively steep
gradients. A 15° incline is the maximum recommended.
Operation:
18. General.
 Check that the lawnmower is in good working order before using.
 Do not adjust throttle or governor settings, as this will have a detrimental effect on
the mowers cutting ability and ultimately shorten the lawnmower’s working life.
19. Lawnmower Body
 Visually inspect to see that the cutting blade(s), blade bolts and cutting disc are
not worn or damaged.
 Regularly check that all nuts, bolts, linkages and connections are tight and secure.
 Repair or replace excessively worn or damaged components with genuine Spare
Parts only.
20. Fuel






Add fuel before you start mowing.
Refuel and lubricate outdoors only.
Only remove the fuel cap or add fuel while the engine is stopped.
Thoroughly clean any fuel spillages before starting the engine.
After refuelling or topping up with engine oil, ensure that the filler caps are
replaced securely.
Store fuel in a cool place away from direct sunlight in a suitable container.
21. Engine, Drive & Blade
Stop the engine and disconnect the spark plug before attempting to:
- Clean the mower.
- Un-block the cutting mechanisms.
- Carry out maintenance or repairs.
- Inspect the mower if abnormal vibrations occur or after striking a
foreign object.
3
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
Oil:
Before you use your lawnmower, every
fitted
to
rotary four stroke will require approximately 600
lawnmowers are shipped without oil. Check the ml of engine oil in the sump. With the
engine manufacturers manual for oil grade lawnmower in a level position,
details.
CAUTION Engines
1. Remove the oil dipstick.
2. Wipe the dipstick clean.
3. Fill to the full mark, pouring slowly - DO NOT
OVERFILL. Then screw the dipstick securely
back into place.
Note that if the engine is overfilled, it will smoke
excessively or appear to be seized.
Fuel:
Your engine will run best on fresh, clean
Petrol vapour is highly unleaded petrol (91 octane). Use of
flammable. Handle with extreme care. Store in unleaded fuel results in fewer combustion
deposits, burns cleaner and gives longer
approved containers.
valve life.
Do not fill the petrol tank too full to allow for fuel expansion. It is recommended that
approximately 5mm to 10mm of tank space is left for this.
When handling fuel:
- Do not fill tank when the engine is running.
- Do not smoke or expose naked flame.
- Do fill tank in open well-ventilated area.
- Do wipe away any spills.
- Do move the mower away from any petrol fumes before starting
engine.
CAUTION
4
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
Handlebar folding instructions:
The handlebar assembly is supplied in the storage
position for packaging purposes. The folding handle
system allows for compact storage when not in use.
 Unfold the handle by lifting and turning it to its
‘mowing’ position.
 Lock the handlebar in this position before operating
the mower by activating the locking lever. The
locking lever can be locking in place at any point
throughout its 360-degree movement.
 On models fitted with ‘zone start’ facility, pull the
engine starter cord out carefully so that there is
sufficient length to extend the handle fully without
stretching the cord.
To change the handlebars back to the storage position,
simply loosen the handle locking lever and rotate the
upper handlebar forward over the mower body.
Handlebar Height adjustment instructions:
The height of the handlebar can be adjusted to various
heights.
Lift the grass flap and secure it in the open position, loosen the four bolts two on each side
holding the handle to the mower.
 The handle can now be adjusted to the correct height by moving it.
 Hold the handle in place and tighten the bolts to secure the handle in its new position.
 To adjust the handle height on the 530 self propelled models, you must first remove the
cover to the gearbox area.
Mulch & Catch models:
The mulching lawnmowers have been
CAUTION Always wait until the engine has assembled ready for mulching mode. They
stopped and the blade has stopped rotating have the mulching plug inserted and the
correct blade system fitted. Removal of the
before fitting or removing the Mulcher plug.
mulcher plug and fitting the catcher converts
the mower to a catching model and vice
versa.
NOTE: The 530SPB has no mulch option
5
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
Starting the lawnmower - cold starts:
Open the fuel shut off valve (where fitted).
CAUTION Never start or run the engine Move the throttle control to choke / start
indoors or poorly ventilated areas, engine
exhaust contains carbon monoxide gas, which can
be fatal. Keep hands, feet, and clothing away from
moving parts.
position. For lawnmowers fitted with nonchoke engines, the primer bulb must be
firmly pressed three to four times after the
throttle control lever has been moved to the
run position.
1. Grasp the starter grip and pull slowly until resistance is felt and then pull the starter cord
with a rapid, smooth movement to start the engine. Do not allow the cord to snap back.
2. For models without a ‘zone start’ feature, place your foot against the mower body then
grasp the starter grip.
3. Repeat the starting procedure above if necessary.
4. When the engine starts, move the throttle to the run position and to the speed desired.
5. In the case of flooding occurring, move the throttle to the stop position, pull the starter cord
5 - 6 times, then move the throttle lever to the choke / start or run position and pull the
starter cord as above.
Starting the lawnmower - hot starts:
Follow the above #1 to #5 steps for restarting after emptying catcher or short rest periods. A
warm engine will usually start in the idle position. However, if it fails to start, follow the cold start
procedure.
Stopping the engine:
To stop the engine, move the throttle control to the stop position. Turn the fuel shut-off valve
(where fitted) to the close / off position when the mower is not in operation to prevent fuel
leakage from the carburettor.
6
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
Throttle control lever:
The throttle control lever is located
on the right hand handle for the
530SPB models.
The throttle lever is moved fully
forward into the detented choke /
start position to start a cold engine.
The run position has a detented
position for working (or governed)
speed and a graduated quadrant
slide allows for selected slower
running speeds. Note that the engine speed dictates the speed and operation of the cutting
system.
Zone Start handle:
Note that as soon as the engine is cranked the cutting blades rotate immediately. Models fitted
with Zone Start allow effortless, trouble free, at the handle starting while keeping feet and hands
away from the cutting mechanism and danger zones. To start simply pull the zone start handle
firmly as you push the mower handlebar away.
Recoil start handle:
Refer to the engine manufacturer’s owners’ handbook for details.
Cutting height adjustment:
7
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
The single lever height adjustment makes for easy change from one height setting to another.
There are ten height of cut settings available (from 10 mm to 65 mm) and the most suitable
height should be selected that best suits the grass and weather conditions. To adjust the height
of cut setting, follow the steps below.
 Grip the height adjust lever by the black knob.
 Apply an outward force to the lever to disengage it from the quadrant rack setting.
 Holding the lever out, move the lever up
or down the quadrant rack to the desired
height of cut.
 Engage the lever into the quadrant rack
by releasing the outward force.
Note that when using a mulching lawnmower,
using the higher height settings will give the
best mulching performance.
There are two holes in the axle bell cranks on
the left hand side of the mower. The correct
setting for the connecting rod link is to have
the rear of the link in the top hole and the front
of the link in the lower hole.
Cutting blade adjustment:
CAUTION Always disconnect the spark It is essential that the relationship between
sharp to ensure good cutting performance,
Recommended check dimension
3mm inside mower body.
plug 8lead when adjusting the blade, to prevent the blade(s) and mower body is kept in good
adjustment and that cutting edges are kept
accidental engine start.
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
minimum
power consumption and prolonged life for the cutting edges. Carry out the following procedures
before commencing work and re-check the settings every 2 to 3 hours of mowing or when the
cutting performance is noticeably reduced. During mowing, the blade tips can move relative to
the mower body through normal work or by hitting obstructions. Check that the cutting blade(s)
is correctly set to the mower body by measuring the distance the blades are inside the
lawnmower skirt, this distance should nominally be 3 mm. Disconnect the spark plug cable and
carefully rotate the blade by hand and check that the distance is nominally correct all around the
mower body. If adjustment is necessary, proceed as follows



Remove the spark plug cable from the spark plug.
Rotate the blade(s) until it is accessible from the rear flap area.
Re-fit the spark plug cable.
If it is impossible to obtain a good clean cut, it may be necessary to take the mower to your local
Service Agent to have a new set of blades fitted.
Grass catcher:
CAUTION Always shut off the engine and Your rotary lawnmower can be operated with
ensure it has stopped before fitting or removing the grass catcher fitted, or removed as a
utility mower.
the grass catcher or raising the rear flap.
9
Note that if the lawnmower is used with the
catcher removed, the rear flap must be fitted and located in the down / closed position. To fit the
grass catcher, stop the engine and position the catcher on the ground behind the mower. Raise
the rear flap and lift the catcher into position ensuring the catcher tongue is located over the
rear axle. Slide the catcher forward and upward; lower the flap so that the lugs on the flap locate
into the square holes on top of the catcher. Your catcher is now attached.
OPERATING THE LAWNMOWER.
To remove
the grass catcher, stop the engine, hold the catcher by its top handle raise the rear flap. Lift the
grass catcher up and away from the lawnmower and return the grass flap to its down / closed
position.
Avoid leaving the catcher in direct sunlight when not in use. The catcher will not deteriorate if
stored wet but prolonged exposure to sunlight can cause premature UV breakdown. Dust and
clippings will build up inside the catcher and on its venting screen, particularly during wet
weather mowing. This debris will impede the function of the catcher so it should be removed by
hosing out with water when necessary.
10
CLEANING AND STORAGE
530 SPB model:
DRIVE LEVER
To engage drive, squeeze the levers toward the handle and hold against the main
handle.
To disengage drive, release the drive levers.
CHANGING SPEED 530SPB MODEL
This lawnmower is equipped with a three speed transmission. To change speeds, move
the speed selection lever mounted on the left handlebar. Select 1 = slow speed, 2 =
intermediate speed, and 3 = fast speed. Change speeds with the engine running.
Speeds may be changed with the mower stationary or moving.
IMPORTANT PREVENT DAMAGE: Regular maintenance is essential for the continued safe
operation of the machine. Correct servicing will prolong the working life of the machine and
safeguard the Warranty. Always fit genuine Service Parts as these are accurately matched to
the required duty.
11
MAINENANCE
Engine:
Refer to the manufacturers operator owner manual for engine maintenance information.
Check engine oil level:
Periodically the oil level should be checked
Running engines, fitted to to ensure it is correct. Engine oil also
rotary lawnmowers, without sufficient oil can requires changing after the initial first five
cause the engine to seize.
hours of use, and then every 50 hours of
normal use and 25 hours of heavy use
thereafter. With the mower in a level position,
1. Remove the oil dipstick.
2. Wipe the dipstick clean replace and
remove.
3. If the engine oil level is below the minimum
mark on the dipstick, top up with the
correct grade of engine oil to the full mark
on the dipstick. DO NOT OVER FILL. Then
screw the dipstick securely back into place.
Note that if the engine is overfilled, it will
smoke excessively or appear to be seized.
CAUTION
Clean the air cleaner:
Remove and clean the air filter cartridge at three monthly intervals or every 25 hours of normal
use. The air filter cartridge may require servicing more often under dusty or commercial
operating conditions. To service the air cleaner cartridge, follow the procedures detailed in the
engine manual.
12
MAINTENANCE
Check spark plug:
Clean and reset the spark plug gap every 25 hours of operation. Remember, in small engines,
difficult starting and erratic running is most often
attributable to a dirty, oily or carbonated spark plug.
Do not file or sand blast the spark plug electrode but
clean by scraping or wire brushing, then cleaning with
a commercial solvent. Clean and reset the spark plug
gap at 0.7 - 0.8mm (0.030”) every 100 hours of
operation.
Always fit the recommended spark plug.
Rotating screen:
Through prolonged operation, the rotating screen may become clogged with grass and debris.
Clean the screen in line with the engine manufacturers recommendations to avoid over heating
and possible engine damage.
Throttle control & Self Propelled control:
Lubricate the cable every 25 hours of mowing by applying a light oil to the top of the inner wire
and allowing it to gravity drain down the inside. The throttle control lever quadrant should have
medium grease smeared over it to protect it from corrosion and to give a smooth operation.
Fasteners and linkages:
Check that all nuts, bolts, pins and linkages are secured correctly in place and are in good
condition.
Blade Care:
Check the condition of the blades, bolts and cutter assembly regularly. Remember that badly
worn blades will affect grass cutting, catcher fill and cause excessive mower vibration.
Change Worn or Damaged Blades:
It is recommended that you use an authorised Service Agent for any replacement or balancing
blade work. Always fit a complete set of blades and fasteners to maintain balance
13
MAINTENANCE
Disc blade assembly
CAUTION Always disconnect the spark
plug lead when working on the disc blade
assembly. This will prevent accidental starting of
the engine.
To maintain balance, always
fit a complete set of blades
and fasteners.
1. Set the lawnmower to
highest cutting height.
2. Lift the rear flap and prop
open to allow access to
the blade area.
3. Remove
each
blade,
blade retaining bolt, nut,
washer and discard.
4. Fit the new blades, blade
bolts, washer and nuts.
5. Torque the blade nuts (20 Nm) and check each blade is free to move after tightening.
6. Remove the prop from the rear flap and replace the spark plug cable.
If the disc is damaged, it will need replacing as follows.
1. Tip the lawnmower with its spark plug upward - refer to engine manual.
1. Remove the centre bolt; pull the disc blade assembly.
2. Assemble in reverse order and torque to 50 Nm.
14
MAINTENANCE
Blade Replacement Torque Settings:
Centre Bolt 50 Nm
Flail Blade Bolts 20 Nm (free to move)
Carburettor Adjustment:
Check your engine Manufacturers Maintenance Instructions when carburettor adjustment is
required to compensate for changes in fuel, temperature, altitude or load.
15
CLEANING AND STORAGE
Cleaning the Mower Body:
There is a direct relationship between the lawnmower’s life and the care and attention given to
the lawnmower both during and after operation. After use it is important that the lawnmower is
thoroughly cleaned down and inspected so that it will be in good working order the next time it is
required. Disconnect the spark plug lead and thoroughly clean the engine, underside of the
chassis, wheels and grass catcher.
CAUTION Do not use a water hose around
the engine as this may contaminate the fuel or
enter the ignition system and result in poor
engine performance and starting problems.
Your rotary lawnmower features a wash nozzle
for easy cleaning of the underside of the body.
Simply run the lawnmower at a moderate speed,
place a garden hose into the wash nozzle and
turn on the water supply for two to three minutes.
The action of the rotating blade system will
dislodge most grass and debris build up.
Cleaning the Catcher:
Simply hose out the catcher and screen after each use to ensure maximum mower performance
and catcher fill.
Muffler:
CAUTION Care should be used when
cleaning around the muffler, ensure that the
muffler is cool enough to touch before cleaning.
Always clean around the muffler area regularly to reduce the risk of fire and damaging the
mower. Brush the grass, dirt or combustible debris from the muffler.
16
CLEANING AND STORAGE
Cleaning under self propelled drive cover:
The area under the drive assembly guard should be cleaned out on a regular basis.
 The drive assembly cover should be removed and the area cleaned out of any debris.
 Under normal use we recommend doing this once per month.
Storage:
After each mowing season or if the lawnmower is not going to be used for 30 days or more, it is
recommended that
1. The engine oil should be changed.
2. All fuel should be removed.
Run the engine until it is warm and drain the engine oil and refill with the correct grade to the
required level.
The fuel shut off valve should be closed off (where fitted) then remove all fuel from the
carburettor, fuel line and tank to prevent the formation of gum like deposits The lawnmower
should then be started up and run until all of the fuel left in the system is used.
Remove the spark plug and pour 15 cc of engine oil into the cylinder, crank slowly to distribute
the oil and replace the spark plug. Store the lawnmower in a clean dry area away from direct
sunlight, as this will have an aging effect on the plastic catcher assembly and other plastic
component.
Always store the mower on a flat, level surface.
17
TROUBLESHOOTING
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Fault
REMEDY
Throttle not in choke / start position.
Move throttle to choke / start position.
Pump primer more.
Fuel tank empty or fuel shut off
valve closed.
Fill tank with recommended fuel grade
and open fuel shut-off valve.
Air cleaner element is dirty.
Service or replace air cleaner.
Spark plug loose.
Tighten spark plug.
Spark plug cable disconnected.
Refit cable to spark plug.
Defective spark plug.
Replace damaged spark plug.
Spark plug gap incorrect.
Replace damaged spark plug.
Refer to Engine Manual.
Carburettor is flooded with fuel.
Move throttle to ‘stop’ position, pull the
starter cord 5 - 6 times, move throttle to
‘run’ and start engine.
Dirt, water or stale fuel in the tank.
Drain and clean fuel tank. Refill with
clean fresh fuel before starting.
Vent hole in the filler cap is blocked.
Clean or replace filler cap.
Engine skips at high
speed.
Spark plug gap too small.
Refer to engine manual.
Engine idles
Poorly.
Blocked engine cooling fins and air
passages.
Remove debris from around engine.
Air cleaner element is dirty.
Service or replace air cleaner.
Cooling airflow restricted.
Remove debris from around engine.
Incorrect spark plug fitted.
Refer to engine manual.
Low engine oil level.
Check oil level and top up if necessary.
Excessive vibration and
/ or noise.
Cutting assembly is loose.
Refer to Blade Care / Changing Blades.
Cutting assembly is unbalanced.
Refer to Blade Care / Changing Blades.
Oil leaks from muffler or
air cleaner.
Engine oil sump over filled.
Check oil level and drain excessive oil.
Mower tipped or handled incorrectly.
Check oil level, air cleaner and spark
plug and correct as necessary.
Engine does not start,
runs erratically or
experiencing power
loss.
Engine overheats.
If fault persists, consult your authorised Bushranger Service Agent.
18
TROUBLESHOOTING
Warranty:
The seller warrants this rotary lawnmower to be free from defects in material and workmanship.
Subject to the following conditions, the rotary lawnmower comes complete with a two-year
comprehensive parts and labour warranty.
1. This warranty does not include the engine and batteries (if fitted), which are covered by
separate manufacturers warranties.
2. This warranty excludes normal wear and tear, misuse, neglect, accidental damage or
defects arising from failure to comply with the instructions as outlined in this Owners
Manual. Wearing parts such as blades, blade bolts, belts and spark plugs, which can
be subjected, to use beyond their normal working capacity are also excluded.
3. This warranty is void if parts other than genuine Spare Parts have been used or if
repairs have been carried out by other than authorized Service Agents.
4. This warranty does not cover the costs of transportation of any part(s) but does cover
the labour / part costs incurred in repairing or replacing any defective part(s).
5. The seller reserves the right to inspect any faulty part(s) in order to determine the
validity of the warranty claim or for any other reason.
6. The seller has no liability for any incidental, consequential or special damages and / or
expenses resulting from any defect in their product.
These conditions do not affect the purchasers’ statutory rights under the laws of the place, state
or country of purchase. If warranty service is required, contact your nearest authorised Service
Agent.
Spare Parts:
CAUTION Always use genuine spare parts to
ensure safety and proper performance. Substitute
parts can be disappointing dangerous, and will
invalidate the machine warranty
.
19
TROUBLESHOOTING
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