Directed Electronics AMX 8.5 User manual

®
vacon 20
ac drives
complete user manual
Document: DPD00716F1
Release date: Aug. 2014
Software package: FW0107V010.vcx
1.Safety
1.1Warnings
1.2Safety instructions
1.3Earthing and earth fault protection
1.4Before running the motor
2.Receipt of delivery
2.1Type designation code
2.2Storage
2.3Maintenance
2.3.1Capacitor recharge
2.4Warranty
2.5Manufacturer’s declaration of conformity
3.Installation
3.1Mechanical installation
3.1.1Vacon 20 dimensions
3.1.2Cooling
3.1.3Power losses
3.1.4EMC levels
3.1.5Changing the EMC protection class from C2 to C4
3.2Cabling and connections
3.2.1Power cabling
3.2.2Control cabling
3.2.3Allowed option boards in Vacon20
3.2.4Screw of cables
3.2.5Cable and fuse specifications
3.2.6General cabling rules
3.2.7Stripping lengths of motor and mains cables
3.2.8Cable installation and the UL standards
3.2.9Cable and motor insulation checks
4.Commissioning
4.1Commissioning steps of Vacon 20
5.Fault tracing
6.Vacon 20 Application Interface
6.1Introduction
6.2Control I / O
7.Control panel
7.1General
7.2Display
7.3Keypad
1
1
3
3
5
6
6
6
7
7
8
9
10
10
14
18
19
26
27
29
29
31
35
38
40
43
44
44
44
46
46
48
54
54
56
58
58
58
59
1
7.4Navigation on the Vacon 20 control panel
61
7.4.1Main menu
61
7.4.2Reference menu
62
7.4.3Monitoring menu
63
7.4.4Parameter menu
67
7.4.5System menu
68
8.STANDARD application parameters
70
8.1Quick setup parameters (Virtual menu, shows when par. 17.2 = 1) 71
8.2Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
73
8.3Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
76
8.4Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
77
8.5Ramps and brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
78
8.6Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
80
8.7Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
81
8.8Pulse train / Encoder (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P7)
81
8.9Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
82
8.10Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
84
8.11Fieldbus Data-Mapping (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P10)
85
8.12Prohibited Frequencies (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P11)
86
8.13Limit Supervisions (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P12)
87
8.14Protections (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P13)
88
8.15Fault autoreset parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14) 90
8.16PID control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
91
8.17Motor Pre-heat (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P16)
94
8.18Easy usage menu (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P17)
94
8.19System parameters
95
9.Parameter descriptions
99
9.1Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
99
9.2Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
105
9.3Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
113
9.4Ramps & brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
115
9.5Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
120
9.6Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
121
9.7Pulse train / Encoder (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P7)
122
9.8Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
124
9.9Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
125
9.10Fieldbus Data-Mapping (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P10)
126
9.11Prohibited Frequencies (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P11)
127
9.12Protections (Control panel:Menu Par->P13)
128
9.13Automatic reset (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14)
135
9.14PID control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
136
1
9.15Application setting (Control panel: Menu PAR->P17)
9.16System parameter
9.17Modbus RTU
9.17.1Termination resistor
9.17.2Modbus address area
9.17.3Modbus process data
10.Technical data
10.1Vacon 20 technical data
10.2Power ratings
10.2.1Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 208-240 V
10.2.2Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 115 V
10.2.3Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 380-480 V
10.2.4Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 600 V
10.3Brake resistors
139
141
143
143
143
144
148
148
150
150
151
151
152
152
1
safety
vacon
•1
1. SAFETY
ONLY A COMPETENT ELECTRICIAN IS ALLOWED TO CARRY
OUT THE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION!
This manual contains clearly marked cautions and warnings which are intended for
your personal safety and to avoid any unintentional damage to the product or connected appliances.
Please read the information included in cautions and warnings carefully:
=Dangerous voltage
Risk of death or severe injury
=General warning
Risk of damage to the product or
connected appliances
1.1 Warnings
The components of the power unit of the frequency converter
are live when Vacon 20 is connected to mains. Coming into
contact with this voltage is extremely dangerous and may
cause death or severe injury. The control unit is isolated from
the mains potential.
The motor terminals U, V, W (T1, T2, T3) and the possible brake
resistor terminals - / + are live when Vacon 20 is connected to
mains, even if the motor is not running.
The control I / O-terminals are isolated from the mains potential. However, the relay output terminals may have a dangerous control voltage present even when Vacon 20 is
disconnected from mains.
The earth leakage current of Vacon 20 frequency converters
exceeds 3.5 mA AC. According to standard EN61800-5-1, a
reinforced protective ground connection must be ensured.
If the frequency converter is used as a part of a machine, the
machine manufacturer is responsible for providing the
machine with a main switch (EN 60204-1).
If Vacon 20 is disconnected from mains while running the
motor, it remains live if the motor is energized by the process.
In this case the motor functions as a generator feeding energy
to the frequency converter.
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After disconnecting the frequency converter from the mains,
wait until the fan stops and the indicators on the display go
out. Wait 5 more minutes before doing any work on Vacon 20
connections.
The motor can start automatically after a fault situation, if the
autoreset function has been activated.
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1.2 Safety instructions
The Vacon 20 frequency converter has been designed for fixed
installations only.
Do not perform any measurements when the frequency converter is connected to the mains.
Do not perform any voltage withstand tests on any part of
Vacon 20. The product safety is fully tested at factory.
Prior to measurements on the motor or the motor cable, disconnect the motor cable from the frequency converter.
Do not open the cover of Vacon 20. Static voltage discharge
from your fingers may damage the components. Opening the
cover may also damage the device. If the cover of Vacon 20 is
opened, warranty becomes void.
1.3 Earthing and earth fault protection
The Vacon 20 frequency converter must always be earthed with an earthing conductor connected to the earthing terminal. See figure below:
MI1 - MI3
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MI4
MI5
•
The earth fault protection inside the frequency converter protects
only the converter itself against earth faults.
•
If fault current protective switches are used they must be tested
with the drive with earth fault currents that are possible to arise in
fault situations.
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safety
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•5
1.4 Before running the motor
Checklist:
Before starting the motor, check that the motor is mounted
properly and ensure that the machine connected to the motor
allows the motor to be started.
Set the maximum motor speed (frequency) according to the
motor and the machine connected to it.
Before reversing the motor shaft rotation direction make sure
that this can be done safely.
Make sure that no power correction capacitors are connected
to the motor cable.
NOTE! You can download the English and French product manuals with applicable safety, warning and caution information from www.vacon.com/downloads.
REMARQUE Vous pouvez télécharger les versions anglaise et française des manuels produit contenant l’ensemble des informations de sécurité, avertissements et mises en garde applicables sur le site www.vacon.com/downloads.
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receipt of delivery
2. RECEIPT OF DELIVERY
After unpacking the product, check that no signs of transport damages are to be
found on the product and that the delivery is complete (compare the type designation
of the product to the code below).
Should the drive have been damaged during the shipping, please contact primarily
the cargo insurance company or the carrier.
If the delivery does not correspond to your order, contact the supplier immediately.
2.1 Type designation code
VACON0020-
1L-
0001-
1
+OPTIONS
Vacon 20
Input phase
1L = Single phase
3L = Three phases
Output Current
Input Voltage
1 =115V
2 = 208 - 230V
4 = 380 - 480V
7 = 600 V
+Options
EMC2
QPES
QFLG
Language of the documentation
+DLCN = Chinese
+DLCZ = Czech
+DLDE = German
+DLDK = Danish
+DLES = Spanish
+DLFI = Finnish
+DLFR = French
+DLIT = Italian
+DLNL = Dutch
+DLNO = Norwegian
+DLPT = Portuguese
+DLRU = Russian
+DLSE = Swedish
+DLTR = Turkish
+DLUS = US English
empty = English
Figure 2.1: Vacon 20 type designation code
2.2 Storage
If the frequency converter is to be kept in store before use make sure that the ambient conditions are acceptable:
Storing temperature -40…+70 °C
Relative humidity < 95%, no condensation
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•7
2.3 Maintenance
In normal operating conditions, Vacon 20 frequency converters are maintenancefree. However, regular maintenance is recommended to ensure a trouble-free operating and a long lifetime of the drive. We recommended to follow the table below for
maintenance intervals.
Maintenance interval
Maintenance action
Whenever necessary
• Clean headsink*
Regular
• Check tightening torques of terminals
12 months (If stored)
• Check input and output terminals and control I / O terminals.
• Clean cooling tunnel.*
• Check operation of cooling fan, check for
corrosion on terminals, busbars and other
surfaces.*
6 - 24 months (depending on environment)
• Check and clean and clean cooling fans:
Main fan*
Interminal fan*
* Only for frame 4 and frame 5
2.3.1 Capacitor recharge
After a longer storage time the capacitors need to be recharge in order to avoid capacitor damage. Possible high leakage current through the capacitors must be limited. The best way to achieve this is to use a DC-power supply with adjustable current
limit.
1) Set the current limit to 300…800 mA according to the size of the drive.
2) Then connect the DC-power supply to the input phase L1 and L2.
3) Then set the DC-voltage to the nominal DC-voltage level of the (1.35*Un AC) and
supply the converter for at least 1 h.
If DC-voltage is not available and the unit has been stored much longer than 12
months deenergized, consult the factory before connecting power.
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receipt of delivery
2.4 Warranty
Only manufacturing defects are covered by the warranty. The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for damages caused during or resulting from transport, receipt of the delivery, installation, commissioning or use.
The manufacturer shall in no event and under no circumstances be held responsible
for damages and failures resulting from misuse, wrong installation, unacceptable
ambient temperature, dust, corrosive substances or operation outside the rated
specifications. Neither can the manufacturer be held responsible for consequential
damages.
The Manufacturer's time of warranty is 18 months from the delivery or 12 months
from the commissioning whichever expires first (Vacon Warranty Terms).
The local distributor may grant a warranty time different from the above. This warranty time shall be specified in the distributor's sales and warranty terms. Vacon assumes no responsibility for any other warranties than that granted by Vacon itself.
In all matters concerning the warranty, please contact first your distributor.
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•9
2.5 Manufacturer’s declaration of conformity
EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We
Manufac turer's name:
Vacon Oyj
Manufacturer's address:
P.O.Box 25
R unso rintie 7
F I N - 6 5 3 81 V a a s a
F i nl a n d
hereby declare that the product
Product name:
Vacon 20 Freq uency Converter
Model designation:
Vacon 20 1L 0001 2…to 00 09 2
Vacon 20 3L 0001 2…to 0038 2
Vacon 20 3L 0001 4…to 0038 4
has been designed and manufact ured in accordance with the following
standards:
Safety:
EN 60204 -1:2009 (as re levant),
EN 61800-5-1:2007
EMC:
EN 61800-3:2004 +A1:2012
and conforms to t he relevant safety provisions of the Low Voltage Directive
2006/95/EC and EMC Directive 2004/108/EC.
It is ensured through internal measures and quality control t hat the product
conforms at all times to the req uirements of the current Directive and the
relevant standards.
In Vaasa, 16th of April, 2014
V e s a L a is i
P r e si d e n t
The year the CE marking was affixed:
2011
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3. INSTALLATION
3.1 Mechanical installation
There are two possible ways to mount Vacon 20 in the wall. For MI1-MI3, either screw
or DIN-rail mounting; For MI4-MI5, screw or flange mounting.
MI3
=M5
MI2
MI1
=M5
=M4
BACK
RESET
LOC
REM
BACK
RESET
LOC
REM
BACK
RESET
OK
OK
LOC
REM
OK
Figure 3.1: Screw mounting, MI1 - MI3
MI5
MI4
=M 6
=M 6
LOC
REM
BACK
RESE
T
OK
LOC
REM
BACK
RESE
T
OK
Figure 3.2: Screw mounting, MI4 - MI5
Note! See the mounting dimensions on the back of the drive. More details in 
Chapter 3.1.1.
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vacon • 11
installation
1
2
Figure 3.3: DIN-rail mounting, MI1 - MI3
BACK
RESET
LOC
REM
OK
Figure 3.4: Flange mounting, MI4 - MI5
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Figure 3.5: Flange mounting cutout dimensions for MI4 (Unit: mm)
Figure 3.6: Flange mounting cutout dimensions for MI5 (Unit: mm)
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installation
MI4
MI5
Figure 3.7: Flange mounting depth dimensions for MI4 and MI5 (Unit: mm)
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3.1.1 Vacon 20 dimensions
W2
D2
H3
H2
H (H1)
W3
D (D1)
W (W1)
Figure 3.8: Vacon 20 dimensions, MI1 - MI3
W2
H3
H2
H (H1)
W3
D (D1)
W (W1)
Figure 3.9: Vacon 20 dimensions, MI4 - MI5
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installation
Type
H1
H2
H3
W1
W2
W3
D1
MI1
160.1
147
137.3
65.5
37.8
4.5
98.5
7
MI2
195
183
170
90
62.5
5.5
101.5
7
MI3
254.3
244
229.3
100
75
5.5
108.5
7
MI4
370
350.5
336.5
165
140
7
165
-
140
7
202
-
MI5
414
398
383
165
Table 3.1: Vacon 20 dimensions in millimetres
Frame
Dimensions(mm)
D2
Weight*
W
H
D
(kg.)
MI1
66
160
98
0.5
MI2
90
195
102
0.7
MI3
100
254.3
109
1
MI4
165
370
165
8
MI5
165
414
202
10
*without shipping package
Table 3.2: Vacon 20 frame dimensions (mm) and weights (kg)
Frame
Dimensions(Inches)
Weight*
W
H
D
(Ibs.)
MI1
2.6
6.3
3.9
1.2
MI2
3.5
9.9
4
1.5
MI3
3.9
10
4.3
2.2
MI4
6.5
14.6
6.5
18
MI5
6.5
16.3
8
22
*without shipping package
Table 3.3: Vacon 20 frame dimensions (Inch) and weights (Ibs)
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Figure 3.10: Vacon20 dimensions, MI2 - 3 Display Location
Frame
Dimensions
(mm)
MI2
MI3
A
17
22.3
B
44
102
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installation
Figure 3.11: Vacon20 dimensions, MI4 - 5 Display Location
Dimensions
(mm)
Frame
MI2
MI3
A
205
248.5
B
87
87
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3.1.2 Cooling
Enough free space shall be left above and below the frequency converter to ensure
sufficient air circulation and cooling. You will find the required dimensions for free
space in the table below.
If several units are mounted above each other the required free space equals C + D
(see figure below). Moreover, the outlet air used for cooling by the lower unit must
be directed away from the air intake of the upper unit.
The amount of cooling air required is indicated below. Also make sure that the temperature of the cooling air does not exceed the maximum ambient temperature of
the converter.
Min clearance (mm)
Type
A*
B*
C
D
MI1
20
20
100
50
MI2
20
20
100
50
MI3
20
20
100
50
MI4
20
20
100
100
C
B
A
B
A
MI5
20
20
120
100
Table 3.4: Min. clearances around AC drive
D
*. Min clearance A and B for drives for
MI1 ~ MI3 can be 0 mm if the ambient
temperature is below 40 degrees.
Figure 3.12: Installation space
A = clearance around the freq. converter (see also B)
B = distance from one frequency converter to another or distance to cabinet wall
C = free space above the frequency converter
D = free space underneath the frequency converter
NOTE! See the mounting dimensions on the back of the drive.
Leave free space for cooling above (100 mm), below (50 mm), and on the sides (20 mm)
of Vacon 20! (For MI1 - MI3, side-to-side installation allowed only if the ambient temperature is below 40 °C; For MI4-MI5, side-to-side installation is not allowed.
Type
Cooling air required (m³/h)
MI1
10
MI2
10
MI3
30
MI4
45
MI5
Table 3.5: Required cooling air
75
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installation
3.1.3 Power losses
If the operator wants to raise the switching frequency of the drive for some reason
(typically e.g. in order to reduce the motor noise), this inevitably affects the power
losses and cooling requirements, for different motor shaft power, operator can select the switching frequency according to the graphs below.
MI1 - MI5 3P 400 V POWER LOSS
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installation
MI1 - MI5 3P 230 V POWER LOSS
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MI1 - MI3 1P 230 V POWER LOSS
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3.1.4 EMC levels
EN61800-3 defines the division of frequency converters into four classes according
to the level of electromagnetic disturbances emitted, the requirements of a power
system network and the installation environment (see below). The EMC class of each
product is defined in the type designation code.
Category C1: Frequency converters of this class comply with the requirements of
category C1 of the product standard EN 61800-3 (2004). Category C1 ensures the
best EMC characteristics and it includes converters the rated voltage of which is less
than 1000 V and which are intended for use in the 1st environment.
NOTE: The requirements of class C are fulfilled only as far as the conducted emissions are concerned.
Category C2: Frequency converters of this class comply with the requirements of
category C2 of the product standard EN 61800-3 (2004). Category C2 includes converters in fixed installations and the rated voltage of which is less than 1000 V. The
class C2 frequency converters can be used both in the 1st and the 2nd environment.
Category C4: The drives of this class do not provide EMC emission protection. These
kinds of drives are mounted in enclosures.
Environments in product standard EN 61800-3 (2004)
First environment: Environment that includes domestic premises. It also includes
establishments directly connected without intermediate transformers to a low-voltage power supply network which supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
NOTE: houses, apartments, commercial premises or offices in a residential building
are examples of first environment locations.
Second environment: Environment that includes all establishments other than
those directly connected to a low-voltage power supply network which supplies
buildings used for domestic purposes.
NOTE: industrial areas, technical areas of any building fed from a dedicated transformer are examples of second environment locations.
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3.1.5 Changing the EMC protection class from C2 to C4
The EMC protection class of MI1-3 frequency converters can be changed from class
C2 to class C4 (except 115V and 600V drives) by removing the EMC-capacitor disconnecting screw, see figure below. MI4 & 5 can also be changed by removing the EMC
jumpers.
Note! Do not attempt to change the EMC level back to class C2. Even if the procedure
above is reversed, the frequency converter will no longer fulfil the EMC requirements of class C2!
Figure 3.13: EMC protection class, MI1 - MI3
Figure 3.14: EMC protection class, MI4
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Figure 3.15: EMC protection class, MI5
Figure 3.16: Jumpers
•
•
Remove the main cover and locate the two jumpers.
Disconnect the RFI-filters from ground by lifting the jumpers up
from their default positions. See Figure 3.16.
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installation
3.2 Cabling and connections
3.2.1 Power cabling
Note! Tightening torque for power cables is 0.5 - 0.6 Nm (4-5 in.lbs).
3~ (230V, 400V)
Motor out
1~ (230V)
Strip the
plastic cable
coating for
360° earthing
MAINS
MOTOR
Figure 3.17: Vacon 20 power connections, MI1
3 ~(230V, 400V, 600V) External brake resistor
3 ~(230V, 400V, 600V)
1~ (230V) 1~ (115V)
Mot or out
L1 L2/N L3 R+ R- U/T1 V/T2 W/T3
Strip the
plastic
cable
coating
for 360°
earthing
MAINS
BRAKE
RESISTOR
MOTOR
Figure 3.18: Vacon 20 power connections, MI2 - MI3
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3~ (380, 480V)
MAINS
Brake
RESISTOR
Motor out
MOTOR
Figure 3.19: Vacon 20 power connections, MI4
3~ (380, 480V)
MAINS
Brake
RESISTOR
Motor out
MOTOR
Figure 3.20: Vacon 20 power connections, MI5
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3.2.2 Control cabling
Attach the support
AFTER installing
the power cables
Attach this plate
BEFORE installing
the power cables
Figure 3.21: Mount the PE-plate and API cable support, MI1 - MI3
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Attach the support
AFTER installing
Attach this plate
BEFORE installing
the power cables
Figure 3.22: Mount the PE-plate and API cable support, MI4 - MI5
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Figure 3.23: Open the lid, MI1 - MI3
Figure 3.24: Open the lid, MI4 - MI5
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Control cable
tightening
torque: 0.4 Nm
Strip the plastic
cable coating for
360°earthing
Figure 3.25: Install the control cables. MI1 - MI3. See Chapter 6.2
Figure 3.26: Install the control cables. MI4 - MI5. See Chapter 6.2
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installation
3.2.3 Allowed option boards in Vacon20
See below for the allowed option boards in the slot:
SLOT EC E3 E5 E6
E7 B1 B2 B4 B5 B9 BH BF
Note! When OPT-B1 / OPT-B4 used in Vacon20, +24VDC (±10%, min.300mA) power
should be supplied to Terminal 6 (+24_out) and Terminal 3 (GND) in control board.
Option boards (all boards are varnished)
OPT-EC-V
EtherCat
OPT-E3-V
Profibus DPV1 (Screw connector)
OPT-E5-V
Profibus DPV1 (D9 connector)
OPT-E6-V
CANopen
OPT-E7-V
DeviceNet
OPT-B1-V
6 x DI/DO, each I/O can be individually
OPT-B2-V
2 x Relay output + Thermistor
OPT-B4-V
1 x AI, 2 x AO (isolated)
OPT-B5-V
3 x Relay output
OPT-B9-V
1 x RO, 5 x DI (42-240 VAC)
OPT-BH-V
3 x Temperature measurement (support for PT100, PT1000,
NI1000, KTY84-130, KTY84-150, KTY84-131 sensors)
OPT-BF-V
1 x AO, 1 x DO, 1 x RO
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Option board assembly structure:
1
2
3
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installation
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4
5
6
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3.2.4 Screw of cables
M4*8 Screws 12pcs
Figure 3.27: MI1 screws
M4*8 Screws 10pcs
Figure 3.28: MI2 screws
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vacon • 39
installation
M4*8 Screws 10pcs
M4*10 Screws 4pcs
Figure 3.29: MI3 screws
M4*9 Screws 14pcs
M4*17 Screws 6pcs
Figure 3.30: MI4 - MI5 screw
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3.2.5 Cable and fuse specifications
Use cables with heat resistance of at least +70 °C. The cables and the fuses must be
dimensioned according to the tables below. Installation of cables according to UL
regulations is presented in Chapter 3.2.8.
The fuses function also as cable overload protection.
These instructions apply only to cases with one motor and one cable connection from
the frequency converter to the motor. In any other case, ask the factory for more information.
EMC category
cat. C2
cat. C4
Mains cable types
1
1
Motor cable types
3
1
Control cable types
4
4
Table 3.6: Cable types required to meet standards. EMC
categories are described in Chapter 3.1.4
Cable type
Description
1
Power cable intended for fixed installation and the specific mains voltage.
Shielded cable not required.
(NKCABLES / MCMK or similar recommended)
2
Power cable equipped with concentric protection wire and intended for
the specific mains voltage.
(NKCABLES / MCMK or similar recommended).
3
Power cable equipped with compact low-impedance shield and intended
for the specific mains voltage.
(NKCABLES / MCCMK, SAB / ÖZCUY-J or similar recommended).
*360º earthing of both motor and FC connection required to meet the standard
4
Screened cable equipped with compact low-impedance shield (NKCABLES /Jamak, SAB / ÖZCuY-O or similar).
Table 3.7: Cable type descriptions
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vacon • 41
installation
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
MI2
0001-0004
20
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Mains
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0005
32
2*6+6
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
Table 3.8: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 20, 115 V, 1~
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
2*2.5+2.5
3*1.5+1.5
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Mains
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI1
0001-0003
10
2*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI2
0004-0007
20
2*2.5+2.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
MI3
0009
32
2*6+6
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
Table 3.9: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 20, 208 - 240 V, 1~
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Mains
Motor
cable
cable
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
MI1
0001-0003
6
MI2
0004-0007
10
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0011
20
3*2.5+2.5
3*2.5+2.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI4
0012-0025
20
25
40
3*6+6
3*6+6
1-10Cu
1-10
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
2.5-50
MI5 0031-0038 40
3*10+10
3*10+10
2.5-35
0.5-1.5
Cu / Al
Table 3.10: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 20, 208 - 240 V, 3~
0.5-1.5
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Terminal cable size (min/max)
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
Mains
cable
Cu
[mm2]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI1
0001-0003
6
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI2
0004-0006
10
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0008-0012
20
3*2.5+2.5
3*2.5+2.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI4
0016-0023
25
3*6+6
3*6+6
1-10Cu
1-10
0.5-1.5
2.5-50
2.5-35
0.5-1.5
Cu / Al
Table 3.11: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 20, 380 - 480 V, 3~
3*10+10
0.5-1.5
MI5
0031-0038
40
3*10+10
0.5-1.5
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
Mains
cable
Cu
[mm2]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI3
0002-0004
6
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0005-0006
10
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0009
20
3*2.5+2.5 3*2.5+2.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
Table 3.12: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 20, 600 V,3~
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Motor
cable
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Note! To fulfil standard EN61800-5-1, the protective conductor should be at least
10 mm2 Cu or 16 mm2 Al. Another possibility is to use an additional protective conductor of at least the same size as the original one.
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vacon • 43
3.2.6 General cabling rules
1
Before starting the installation, check that none of the components of the frequency converter is live.
2
Place the motor cables sufficiently far from other cables:
• Avoid placing the motor cables in long parallel lines with other cables.
• If the motor cable runs in parallel with other cables, the minimum distance
between the motor cable and other cables is 0.3 m.
• The given distance also applies between the motor cables and signal cables
of other systems.
• The maximum length of the motor cables for MI1-3 is 30 m. For MI4 & 5,
maximum length is 50 m, if use longer cable, current accuracy will be
decreased.
• The motor cables should cross other cables at an angle of 90 degrees.
3
If cable insulation checks are needed, see Chapter 3.2.9.
4
Connecting the cables:
• Strip the motor and mains cables as advised in Figure 3.31.
• Connect the mains, motor and control cables into their respective terminals, see Figures 3.17 - 3.26.
• Note the tightening torques of power cables and control cables given in
chapter 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.
• For information on cable installation according to UL regulations see Chapter 3.2.8 .
• Make sure that the control cable wires do not come in contact with the electronic components of the unit.
• If an external brake resistor (option) is used, connect its cable to the appropriate terminal.
• Check the connection of the earth cable to the motor and the frequency
converter terminals marked with
• Connect the separate shield of the motor cable to the earth plate of the
frequency converter, motor and the supply centre.
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3.2.7 Stripping lengths of motor and mains cables
Earth con ductor
8 mm
8 mm
35 mm
20 mm
Figure 3.31: Stripping of cables
Note! Strip also the plastic cover of the cables for 360 degree earthing. See Figures
3.17, 3.18 and 3.25.
3.2.8 Cable installation and the UL standards
To meet the UL (Underwriters Laboratories) regulations, a UL-approved copper cable with a minimum heat-resistance of +60 / 75 °C must be used.
Use Class 1 wire only.
The units are suitable for use on a circuit capable of delivering not more than 50,000
rms symmetrical amperes, 600V maximum, when protected by T and J Class fuses.
For MI4 without DC-choke, maximum short circuit current has to be not more than
2.3 kA, for MI5 without DC-choke, maximum short circuit current has to be not more
than 3.8 kA.
Integral solid state short circuit protection does not provide branch circuit protection. Branch circuit protection must be provided in accordance with the National
Electric Code and any additional local codes. Branch circuit protection provided by
fuses only.
Motor overload protection provided at 110% of full load current.
3.2.9 Cable and motor insulation checks
These checks can be performed as follows if motor or cable insulations are suspected to be faulty.
1. Motor cable insulation checks
Disconnect the motor cable from terminals U / T1, V / T2 and W / T3 of the frequency
converter and from the motor. Measure the insulation resistance of the motor cable
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between each phase conductor as well as between each phase conductor and the
protective ground conductor.
The insulation resistance must be >1 MOhm.
2. Mains cable insulation checks
Disconnect the mains cable from terminals L1, L2 / N and L3 of the frequency converter and from the mains. Measure the insulation resistance of the mains cable between each phase conductor as well as between each phase conductor and the
protective ground conductor. The insulation resistance must be >1 MOhm.
3. Motor insulation checks
Disconnect the motor cable from the motor and open the bridging connections in the
motor connection box. Measure the insulation resistance of each motor winding. The
measurement voltage must equal at least the motor nominal voltage but not exceed
1000 V. The insulation resistance must be >1 MOhm.
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commissioning
4. COMMISSIONING
Before commissioning, read the warnings and instructions listed in
Chapter 1!
4.1 Commissioning steps of Vacon 20
1
2
Read carefully the safety instructions in Chapter 1 and follow them.
After the installation, make sure that:
• both the frequency converter and the motor are grounded.
• the mains and motor cables comply with the requirements given in Chapter 3.2.5.
• the control cables are located as far as possible from the power. cables
(see Chapter 3.2.6, step 2) and the shields of the shielded cables are connected to protective earth.
3
Check the quality and quantity of cooling air (Chapter 3.1.2).
4
Check that all Start / Stop switches connected to the I / O terminals are in Stopposition.
5
Connect the frequency converter to mains.
6
Set the parameters of group 1 according to the requirements of your application.
At least the following parameters should be set:
• motor nominal speed (par. 1.3)
• motor nominal current (par. 1.4)
• application type (par. 17.1)
You will find the values needed for the parameters on the motor rating plate.
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commissioning
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Perform test run without motor. Perform either Test A or Test B:
7
A) Control from the I / O terminals:
• Turn the Start/Stop switch to ON position.
• Change the frequency reference (potentiometer).
• Check the Monitoring Menu and make sure that the value of Output frequency changes according to the change of frequency reference.
• Turn the Start / Stop switch to OFF position.
B) Control from the keypad:
• Select the keypad as the control place with par 2.1. You can also move to
keypad control by pressing Loc / Rem button or select Local control with
par 2.5.
• Push the Start button on the keypad.
• Check the Monitoring Menu and make sure that the value of Output frequency. changes according to the change of frequency reference.
• Push the Stop button on the keypad.
8
Run the no-load tests without the motor being connected to the process, if possible. If this is impossible, secure the safety of each test prior to running it. Inform
your co-workers of the tests.
• Switch off the supply voltage and wait up until the drive has stopped.
• Connect the motor cable to the motor and to the motor cable terminals of
the frequency converter.
• See to that all Start / Stop switches are in Stop positions.
• Switch the mains ON.
• Repeat test 7A or 7B.
9
Perform an identification run (see par. 1.18), especially if the application requires
a high startup torque or a high torque with low speed.
10
Connect the motor to the process (if the no-load test was running without the
motor being connected).
• Before running the tests, make sure that this can be done safely.
• Inform your co-workers of the tests.
• Repeat test 7A or 7B.
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fault tracing
5. FAULT TRACING
When a fatal fault is detected by the frequency converter control electronics, the
drive will stop and the symbol FT and the fault code blinked on the display are in the
following format, e.g.:
FT 2
Fault code (02 = overvoltage)
The active fault can be reset by pressing BACK / RESET button when the API is in active fault menu level (FT XX), or pressing BACK / RESET button with long time (> 2 s)
when the API is in active fault submenu level (F5.x ), or via the I / O terminal or field
bus. Reset fault history (long push > 5 s), when the API is in fault history submenu
level (F6.x). The faults with subcode and time labels are stored in the Fault history
submenu which can be browsed. The different fault codes, their causes and correcting actions are presented in the table below.
Fault
code
1
2
3
Fault name
Possible cause
Correcting actions
Overcurrent
Frequency converter has
detected too high a current
(>4*IN) in the motor cable:
• sudden heavy load increase
• short circuit in motor cables
• unsuitable motor
Overvoltage
The DC-link voltage has
exceeded the internal safety
limit:
Increase the deceleration
• deceleration time is too short time (Par.4.3 or Par.4.6)
• high overvoltage peaks in
mains
Earth fault
Current measurement has
detected extra leakage current at
Check motor cables and
start:
motor
• insulation failure in cables or
motor
Check loading.
Check motor size.
Check cables.
Table 5.1: Fault codes
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fault tracing
Fault
code
8
Fault name
System fault
vacon
Possible cause
• component failure
• faulty operation
• 49
Correcting actions
Reset the fault and
restart.
If the fault re-occurs, contact the distributor near to
you.
NOTE! If fault F8 occurs,
find out the subcode of the
fault from the Fault History menu under Id xxx!
In case of temporary supply voltage break reset the
fault and restart the frequency converter. Check
the supply voltage. If it is
adequate, an internal failure has occurred.
Contact the distributor
near to you.
Under voltage
The DC-link voltage has gone
below the internal safety limit:
• most probable cause: supply
voltage is too low
• frequency converter internal
fault
• Power outages
11
Output phase fault
Current measurement has
Check motor cable and
detected that there is no current
motor.
in one motor phase.
13
Frequency converter
under temperature
Heat sink temperature is under
-10 °C
Check the ambient temperature.
9
14
Frequency converter
over temperature
Heat sink is overheated.
Check that the cooling air
flow is not blocked.
Check the ambient temperature.
Clean the heatsink dust.
Make sure that the
switching frequency is not
too high in relation to
ambient temperature and
motor load.
15
Motor stalled
Motor stall protection has
tripped.
Check that the motor is
able to rotate freely.
16
Motor over temperature
Motor overheating has been
detected by frequency converter
motor temperature model. Motor
is overloaded.
Decrease the motor load.
If no motor overload
exists, check the temperature model parameters.
17
Motor underload
Motor underload protection has
tripped.
Check motor and load,
e.g. for broken belts or dry
pumps.
Table 5.1: Fault codes
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Fault
code
Fault name
fault tracing
Possible cause
Parameter save fault
• faulty operation
• component failure
Correcting actions
22
EEPROM checksum
fault
25
Microcontroller
watchdog fault
27
Back EMF protection
Drive has detected that the magnetized motor is running in start
situation.
• A rotating PM-motor
Make sure that there is no
rotating PM-motor when
the start command is
given.
29
Thermistor fault
The thermistor input of option
board has detected increase of
the motor temperature.
Check motor cooling and
loading. Check thermistor
connection (If thermistor
input of the option board is
not in use it has to be
short circuited).
34
Internal bus communication
If the fault re-occur, conAmbient interference or defective
tact the distributor near to
hardware.
you.
35
Application fault
Application is not working properly.
41
Overtemperature alarm is issued Check loading.
IGBT Overtemperature when the IGBT switch tempera- Check motor size.
ture exceeds 110 °C.
Make identification run.
50
Current at the analogue input is <
Analog input select
4mA; Voltage at the analogue
20% - 100% (selected input is < 2 V.
Check the current loop
signal range 4 to
• control cable is broken or
circuitry.
20 mA or 2 to 10 V)
loose.
• signal source has failed.
51
External fault
• faulty operation
• component failure
Contact the distributor
near to you.
Reset the fault and
restart.
If the fault re-occur, contact the distributor near to
you.
Contact the distributor
near to you.
Digital input fault. Digital input
has been programmed as exter- Remove the external
nal fault input and this input is
device fault.
active.
Table 5.1: Fault codes
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fault tracing
Fault
code
vacon
Fault name
Possible cause
• 51
Correcting actions
52
Door Panel fault
Check the connection
between optional board
Control place is keypad, but door
and API. If connection is
panel has been disconnected.
correct, contact the nearest Vacon distributor.
53
Fieldbus fault
Check installation.
The data connection between the
If installation is correct,
fieldbus Master and the fieldbus
contact the nearest Vacon
of the drive has broken.
distributor.
54
Slot fault
Check board and slot.
The connection between optional
Contact the nearest Vacon
board and API has been broken.
distributor.
55
Wrong run fault (FWD/ Run forward and backward are
REV conflict)
high at the same time.
Check I/O control signal 1
and I/O control signal 2.
57
Idenfication fault
Identification run has failed.
Run command was
removed before completion of identification run.
Motor is not connected to
frequency converter.
There is load on motor
shaft.
111
Temperature fault
Over low or over high temperature
Check temperature signal
from OPTBH board
Table 5.1: Fault codes
F08 SubCode
Fault
60
Watchdog reset
61
SW stack overflow
62
HW stack overflow
63
Misalignment
64
Illegal op
65
PLL lost lock / Low CPU voltage
66
EEPROM Device
67
EEPROM Queue full
68
MPI communication (dead or CRC errors)
70
CPU load
Table 5.2: Fault subcodes from power
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fault tracing
F08 SubCode
Fault
71
External oscillator
72
Fault in Power triggered by user
Table 5.2: Fault subcodes from power
F08 SubCode
Fault
84
MPI CRC
86
MPI2 CRC
89
HMI receive buffer overflow
90
MODBUS receive buffer overflow
93
Power source cannot be recognized (triggered as alarm)
96
MPI queue full
97
MPI off line error
98
MPI driver error
99
Option Board Driver Error
100
Option Board Configure Error
104
OBI channel full
105
OBI memory allocate fail
106
OBI object queue full
107
OBI HMI queue full
108
OBI SPI queue full
111
Parameter copy error
113
Frequency detective timer overflow
114
PC control time out error
115
Device Property data format tree too deep exceed 3
120
Task stack overflow
Table 5.2: Fault Subcodes from control API
F22 SubCode
Fault
1
DA_CN, Power down data counter error
2
DA_PD, Power down data restore fail
3
DA_FH, Fault history data error
Table 5.2: Fault subcodes
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fault tracing
F22 SubCode
vacon
• 53
Fault
4
DA_PA, Restore parameter CRC error
5
Reserved.
6
DA_PER_CN, Persist data counter error
7
DA_PER_PD, Persist data restore fail
Table 5.2: Fault subcodes
F35 SubCode
Fault
1
Application software flash error
2
Application header error
Table 5.2: Fault subcodes
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vacon 20 api
6. VACON 20 APPLICATION INTERFACE
6.1 Introduction
There is only one version of Control Board available for the Vacon 20 drive:
Version
Composition
6 Digital inputs
2 Analogue inputs
Vacon 20
1 Analogue output
1 Digital output
2 Relay outputs
RS-485 Interface
Table 6.1: Available Control Board
This section provides you with a description of the I / O-signals for Vacon 20 and instructions for using the Vacon 20 general purpose application.
The frequency reference can be selected from Preset Speed 0, Keypad, Fieldbus,
AI1, AI2, AI1+AI2, PID, Motor potentiometer and Pulse train / Encoder.
Basic properties:
• Digital inputs DI1…DI6 are freely programmable. The user can assign a
single input to many functions.
• Digital-, relay- and analogue outputs are freely programmable.
• Analog output can be programmed as current or voltage output.
• Analog input 1 can be as voltage input,analog input 2 can be
programmed as current or voltage input.
• DI5/6 can be used as pulse train or Encoder.
Special features:
• Programmable Start / Stop and Reverse signal logic
• Motor pre-heat
• Reference scaling
• DC-brake at start and stop
• Programmable U / f curve
• Adjustable switching frequency
• Autoreset function after fault
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vacon 20 api
vacon
• 55
• Protections and supervisions (all fully programmable; off, alarm, fault):
• Analog input low fault
• External fault
• Undervoltage fault
• Earth fault
• Motor thermal, stall and underload protection
• Fieldbus communication
• Output phase fault
• Thermistor fault
• 8 preset speeds
• Analogue input range selection, signal scaling and filtering
• PID-controller
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1-10 k 
vacon 20 api
6.2 Control I / O
Terminal
1 +10 Vref
2 AI1
3 GND
6 24 Vout
Signal
Factory preset
Ref. voltage out
Analog signal in 1 Freq. reference P)
I / O signal ground
24 V output for DI's
7
DI_C
Digital Input 
Common
8
9
DI1
DI2
Digital input 1
Digital input 2
Start forward P)
Start reverse P)
10 DI3
Digital input 3
Fault reset P)
A
B
A
B
RS485 signal A
RS485 signal B
FB Communication
FB Communication
4
AI2
Analog signal in 2
PID actual value and
Freq. reference P)
5
GND
14 DI4
I / O signal ground
Digital Output
Common
Digital input 4
Preset speed B0 P)
15 DI5
Digital input 5
Preset speed B1 P)
16 DI6
Digital input 6
External Fault P)
18 AO
Analog Output
Output frequency P)
20 DO
Digital signal out
Active = READY P)
13 DO-
mA
Description
Maximum load 10 mA
0 - 10 V, Ri = 250 kΩ
±20%, max. load 50 mA
Digital Input Common for DI1DI6, refer to Table 6.3 for DI
sink type
Positive,
Logic1: 18…30V,
Logic0: 0…5V;
Negative,
Logic1: 0…10V,
Logic0: 18…30V;
Ri = 10KΩ (floating)
Negative
Positive
Default:
0(4) - 20 mA, Ri ≤ 250 Ω
Other:
0 - + 10 V, Ri = 250 kΩ
Selectable through microswitch
Digital Output Common
As DI1
As DI1,
Other: Encoder Input A (frequency up to 10 kHz)
Selectable through microswitch
As DI1,
Other: Encoder Input B (frequency up to 10 kHz), Pulse
Train Input (frequency up to 5
kHz)
0 - 10 V, RL ≥ 1 KΩ
0(4) - 20 mA, RL ≤ 500Ω
Selectable through microswitch
Open collector, max. load 35 V /
50 mA
Table 6.2: Vacon 20 General purpose application default I / O configuration
and connections for control board 
P) = Programmable function, see parameter lists and descriptions, chapters
8 and 9.
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vacon 20 api
Terminal
22 RO1 NO
vacon
Signal
Factory preset
Relay out 1
Active = RUN P)
23 RO1 CM
24 RO2 NC
25 RO2 CM
26 RO2 NO
• 57
Description
Switching load:
250 Vac / 3 A, 24V DC 3A
Relay out 2
Switching load:
250 Vac / 3 A, 24V DC 3A
Active = FAULT P)
Table 6.2: Vacon 20 General purpose application default I / O configuration
and connections for control board 
P) = Programmable function, see parameter lists and descriptions, chapters
8 and 9.
Terminal
Signal
Factory preset
3 GND
I / O signal ground
6 24 Vout 24 V output for DI's
Digital Input 
7 DI_C
Common
DI1
Digital input 1
Start forward P)
9 DI2
10 DI3
Digital input 2
Digital input 3
Start reverse P)
Fault reset P)
14 DI4
Digital input 4
15 DI5
16 DI6
Digital input 5
Digital input 6
8
Description
±20%, max. load 50 mA
Digital Input Common
for DI1-DI6
Positive, Logic1:
18…+30V, Logic0: 0…5V;
Negative, Logic1: 0…10V,
Logic0: 18…30V;
Ri = 10KΩ (floating)
Positive, Logic1:
18…+30V, Logic0: 0…5V;
Preset speed B0 P) Negative, Logic1: 0…10V,
Logic0: 18…30V;
Ri = 10KΩ (floating)
P)
Only for DI.
Preset speed B1
P)
Only for DI.
External Fault
Table 6.3: DI Sink Type, remove jumper J500 and connect the wire using table 6.3
J500
S4
S3
S2
S1
AI2
mA
RS485
- term
V
DI
Enco Nor
AO
V
mA
ON
OFF
Figure 6.1: Microswitchs
Vacon 20 I / O terminals:
AI2 GND DO- DI4 DI5 DI6 AO DO+
4
5
1
13
2
14
3
15
6
16
7
18
8
9
R13 R14
22
20
R24
26
25
10
+10VAI1 GND 24V DI-C DI1 DI2 DI3
*
23
A
B
24
R21 R22
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7. CONTROL PANEL
7.1 General
The panel is an irremovable part of the drive consisting of corresponding control
board; The overlay with display status on the cover and the button are in clarifications in the user language.
The User Panel consists of an alphanumeric LCD display with backlight and a keypad
with the 9 push buttons (see Figure 7.1).
7.2 Display
The display includes 14-segment and 7-segment blocks, arrowheads and clear text
unit symbols. The arrowheads, when visible, indicate some information about the
drive, which is printed in clear text in user language on the overlay (numbers 1…14
in the figure below). The arrowheads are grouped in 3 groups with the following
meanings and English overlay texts (see Figure 7.1):
Group 1 - 5; Drive status
1= Drive is ready to start (READY)
2= Drive is running (RUN)
3= Drive has stopped (STOP)
4= Alarm condition is active (ALARM)
5= Drive has stopped due to a fault (FAULT)
Group 6 - 10; Control selections
When API is operated by PC control, there are no arrowhead at I / O, KEYPAD and
BUS.
6= Motor is rotating forward (FWD)
7= Motor is rotating reverse (REV)
8= I/O terminal block is the selected control place (I / O)
9= Keypad is the selected control place (KEYPAD)
10= Fieldbus is the selected control place (BUS)
Group 11 - 14; Navigation main menu
11= Reference main menu (REF)
12= Monitoring main menu (MON)
13= Parameter main menu (PAR)
14= System main menu (SYS)
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control panel
1
11
2
3
4
READY
RUN
STOP ALARM
FWD
REV
I/O
5
FAULT
REF
12 MON
13
PAR
14
SYS
6
7
8
BACK
RESET
KEYPAD
9
BUS
10
LOC
REM
OK
Figure 7.1: Vacon 20 Control panel
7.3 Keypad
The keypad section of the control panel consists of 9 buttons (see Figure 7.1). The
buttons and their functions are described as Table 7.1.
The drive stops by pressing the keypad STOP button, regardless of the selected control place when Par. 2.7 (Keypad stop button) is 1. If Par. 2.7 is 0, the drive stops by
keypad STOP button only when control place is keypad. The drive starts by pressing
the keypad START button when the selected control place is KEYPAD or LOCAL control.
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Symbol
OK
BACK
RESET
LOC
REM
control panel
Button Name
Function Description
Start
Motor START from the panel
STOP
Motor STOP from the panel
OK
Used for confirmation.Enter edit mode
for parameter. Alternate in display
between the parameter value and
parameter code.
Reference frequency value adjusting no
need to press OK-button to confirm.
Back / Reset
Cancels edited parameter
Move backwards in menu levels
Reset fault indication
Up and Down
Select root parameter number on rootparameter list, Up decrease / Down
increase parameter number, Up
increase / Down decrease parameter
value change.
Left and Right
Available in REF,PAR and SYS menu
parameter digit setting when changing
value.
MON,PAR and SYS can also use left and
right button to navigate the parameter
group, like e.g.,in MON menu use right
button from V1.x to V2.x to V3.x.
Can be used to change direction in REF
menu in local mode:
-Right arrow would mean reverse (REV)
-Left arrow would mean forward (FWD)
Loc / Rem
Change control place
Table 7.1: Keypad Function
NOTE! The status of all the 9 buttons are available for application program!
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control panel
7.4 Navigation on the Vacon 20 control panel
This chapter provides you with information on navigating the menus on Vacon 20 and
editing the values of the parameters.
7.4.1 Main menu
The menu structure of Vacon 20 control software consists of a main menu and several submenus. Navigation in the main menu is shown below:
REFERENCE
MENU
Dispalys the
keypad reference
value
regardless of
the selected
contron place.
RE AD Y
RU N
RE ADY
S TO P A L AR M FA U LT
R UN
S T OP A L AR M FA U LT
RE F
RE F
M ON
OK
OK
M ON
PA R
PA R
SYS
PRES S SYS
Hz
F WD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
Hz
F WD
BUS
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
PRES S
MONITORING
REF
MENU
In this menu
you can
browse the
monitoring
values.
R EAD Y
RUN
S T OP A L A R M FA U LT
R EAD Y
RUN
ST O P A LA R M FA U L T
REF
MO N
OK
M ON
PA R
PA R
PRES S SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
FW D
BU S
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
PRES S
PARAMETER
R EF
MENU
In this menu
you can
browse and
edit the
parameters.
R E AD Y
RUN
S TO P A L A R M F A U LT
R E AD Y
RUN
S TO P A L A R M F A U LT
R EF
OK
MO N
PA R
MON
PA R
PRES S SYS
SYS
FWD
RE V
I/O
K E YP A D
FWD
BU S
REV
I/O
K E YP A D
BU S
PRES S
SYSTEM
MENU
Here you will be
able to browse
system parameter
and fault
submenu.
RE A DY
RU N
S TO P A L AR M F A U LT
R EA D Y
RU N
ST O P A L AR M FA U LT
R EF
R EF
MO N
OK
PA R
MON
PA R
PRES S SYS
SYS
FWD
RE V
I/O
K E YP A D
BU S
FW D
RE V
I/ O
K E YP A D
B US
Figure 7.2: The main menu of Vacon 20
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7.4.2 Reference menu
RE ADY
R UN
S TOP ALAR M FAULT
RE F
MON
PA R
SYS
Hz
F WD
REV
I/O
KEY PA D
B US
OK
Press to enter
edit mode
Change
value
Figure 7.3: Reference menu display
Move to the reference menu with the UP / DOWN button (see Figure 7.2). The reference value can be changed with UP / DOWN button as shown in Figure 7.3.
If the value has big change, first press Left and Right buttons to select the digit which
has to be changed, then press Up button to increase and Down button to decreases
the value in the selected digit . The changing reference frequency will been taken
into use immediately without pressing OK.
Note! LEFT and RIGHT buttons can be used to change the direction in
Ref menu in local control mode.
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control panel
7.4.3 Monitoring menu
RE ADY
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
RE ADY
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
FWD
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
OK
1
Press OK to enter
Monitoring menu
RE ADY
2
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
Press Left/Right to browse
other Monitoring groups
RE ADY
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
OK
3
Prsess Down to
browse V4.5
RE ADY
RU N
4
Preess OK the value is
displayed
5
Press OK V4.5 is display
S TO P ALA RM FAULT
RE F
M ON
OK
PAR
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
Figure 7.4: Monitoring menu display
Monitoring values are actual values of measured signals as well as status of some
control settings. It is visible in Vacon 20 display, but it can not be edited. The monitoring values are listed in Table 7.2.
Pressing Left/Right button to change the actual parameter to the first parameter of
the next group, to browse monitor menu from V1.x to V2.1 to V3.1 to V4.1. After entering the desired group, the monitoring values can be browsed by pressing UP /
DOWN button, as shown in Figure 7.4.
In MON menu the selected signal and its value are alternateing in the display by
pressing OK button.
Note! Turn on drive power, arrowhead of main menu is at MON, V x.x
or monitor parameter value of Vx.x is displayed in Panel.
Display Vx.x or monitor parameter value of Vx.x is determined
by the last show status before power shut down. E.g., it was
V4.5, and it is also V4.5 when restart.
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Code
Monitoring signal
Unit
ID
Description
V1.1
Output frequency
Hz
1
Output frequency to motor
V1.2
Frequency reference
Hz
25
Frequency reference to motor control
V1.3
Motor speed
rpm
2
Calculated motor speed
V1.4
Motor current
A
3
Measured motor current
V1.5
Motor torque
%
4
Calculated actual / nominal torque
of the motor
V1.6
Motor shaft power
%
5
Calculated actual / nominal power
of the motor
V1.7
Motor voltage
V
6
Motor voltage
V1.8
DC-link voltage
V
7
Measured DC-link voltage
V1.9
Unit temperature
°C
8
Heatsink temperature
V1.10
Motor temperature
%
9
Calculated motor temperature
V1.11
Output Power
KW
79
Output power from drive to motor
V2.1
Analog input 1
%
59
AI1 signal range in percent of used
range
V2.2
Analog input 2
%
60
AI2 signal range in percent of used
range
V2.3
Analog output
%
81
AO signal range in percent of used
range
V2.4
Digital input status DI1,
DI2, DI3
15
Digital input status
V2.5
Digital input status DI4,
DI5, DI6
16
Digital input status
V2.6
RO1, RO2, DO
17
Relay / digital output status
V2.7
Pulse train / encoder
input
V2.8
Encoder rpm
V2.11
V2.12
%
1234
0 - 100% scale value
rpm
1235
Scaled according to Encoder
pulses / revolution parameter
Analog input E1
%
61
Analogue input signal 1 in % from
option board, hidden until an
option board is connected
Analog output E1
%
31
Analogue output signal 1 in % from
option board, hidden until an
option board is connected
Table 7.2: Monitoring values
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control panel
Code
Monitoring signal
Unit
ID
Description
V2.13
Analog output E2
%
32
Analogue output signal 2 in % from
option board, hidden until an
option board is connected
V2.14
DIE1, DIE2, DIE3
33
This monitor value shows status of
the digital inputs 1-3 from option
board, hidden until an option board
is connected
V2.15
DIE4, DIE5, DIE6
34
This monitor value shows status of
the digital inputs 4-6 from option
board, hidden until an option board
is connected
V2.16
DOE1, DOE2, DOE3
35
This monitor value shows status of
the relay outputs 1-3 from option
board, hidden until an option board
is connected
V2.17
DOE4, DOE5, DOE6
36
This monitor value shows status of
the relay outputs 4-6 from option
board, hidden until an option board
is connected
V2.18
Temperature input 1
50
Measured value of Temperature
input 1 in temperature unit (Celsius or Kelvins) by parameter setting, hidden until an option board
is connected
V2.19
Temperature input 2
51
Measured value of Temperature
input 2 in temperature unit (Celsius or Kelvins) by parameter setting, hidden until an option board
is connected
V2.20
Temperature input 3
52
Measured value of Temperature
input 3 in temperature unit (Celsius or Kelvins) by parameter setting, hidden until an option board
is connected
43
Bit codes status of drive
B0 = Ready
B1 = Run
B2 = Reverse
B3 = Fault
B6 = RunEnable
B7 = AlarmActive
B12 = RunRequest
B13 = MotorRegulatorActive
V3.1
Drive status word
Table 7.2: Monitoring values
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Code
V3.2
V3.3
Monitoring signal
control panel
Unit
Application status word
DIN status word
ID
Description
89
Bit codes status of application:
B3 = Ramp 2 Active
B5 = Remote CTRL Place 1 active
B6 = Remote CTRL Place 2 active
B7 = Fieldbus Control Active
B8 = Local Control Active
B9 = PC Control Active
B10 = Preset Frequencies Active
56
B0 = DI1
B1 = DI2
B2 = DI3
B3 = DI4
B4 = DI5
B5 = DI6
B6 = DIE1
B7 = DIE2
B8 = DIE3
B9 = DIE4
B10 = DIE5
B11 = DIE6
V4.1
PID setpoint
%
20
Regulator setpoint
V4.2
PID feedback value
%
21
Regulator actual value
V4.3
PID error
%
22
Regulator error
V4.4
PID output
%
23
Regulator output
V4.5
Process
29
Scaled process variable
see par. 15.18
Table 7.2: Monitoring values
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control panel
7.4.4 Parameter menu
In Parameter menu only the Quick setup parameter list is shown as default. By giving
the value 0 to the parameter 17.2, it is possible to open other advanced parameter
groups. The parameter lists and descriptions can be found in chapters 8 and 9.
The following figure shows the parameter menu view:
R E AD Y
RU N
S TO P A L AR M FA U LT
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PA R
PA R
SYS
SYS
F WD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
RE ADY
RU N
F WD
R EV
BUS
S TO P A L AR M FA ULT
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
OK
2
1 Press OK to enter Pa r. menu
RE ADY
RU N
S TO P A L A R M FA ULT
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PA R
Press Right to browse
otherPar. group
RE ADY
RU N
F WD
R EV
S TO P A L AR M FA ULT
PA R
SYS
SYS
F WD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
B US
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
OK
3
4 Press OK button to enter
edit mode
Press down button to
browse P3.4
RE ADY
RU N
S TO P A L AR M FA ULT
RE F
M ON
OK
PA R
F WD
5
6 Press OK to confirm
Hz
SYS
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
Press Up / Down to change value
Figure 7.5: Parameter menu
The parameter can be changed as the Figure 7.5.
Left / Right button is available inside Parameter menu. Pressing Left / Right button
to change the actual parameter to the first parameter of the next group (Example:
any parameter of P1… is displayed -> RIGHT button -> P2.1 is displayed -> RIGHT button -> P3.1 is displayed …). After entering the desired group, pressing UP / DOWN
button to select root parameter number, and then press OK button to display the value of the parameter and also enter edit mode.
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In edit mode, Left and Right buttons are used to select the digit which has to be
changed, and Up increases / Down decreases parameter value.
In edit mode, the value of Px.x is displayed blinkingly in the panel. After about 10 s,
Px.x is displayed in the panel again if you don't press any button.
Note! In edit mode, if you edit the value and don't press OK button, the
value isn't changed successfully.
In edit mode, if you don't edit the value, you can press Reset /
Back button to display Px.x again.
7.4.5 System menu
SYS menu including fault submenu, field bus submenu and system parameter submenu, and the display and operation of the system parameter submenu is similar to
PAR menu or MON menu.In system parameter submenu, there are some editable
parameter (P) and some uneditable parameter (V).
The Fault submenu of SYS menu includes active fault submenu and fault history submenu.
READY RU N
STOP ALARM FAULT
READY RU N
REF
REF
MON
MON
PAR
STOP ALARM FAULT
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
OK
2
1 Press OK to enter V1.1
READY RU N STOP ALARM FAULT
READY RU N STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
REF
MON
MON
PAR
Press Left/Right button
to browse other groups
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
OK
3
Press down to browse
other active faults
4 Press OK to select one fault
to browse its time
READY RU N STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
5 Browse for fault code(C xx),
subcode(Id xx), days(d xx),
hours(H xx), minutes(M xx)
MON
PAR
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
Figure 7.6: Fault menu
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In active fault situation, FAULT arrow is blinking and the display is blinking active
fault menu item with fault code. If there are several active faults, you can check it by
entering the active fault submenu F5.x. F5.1 is always the latest active fault code. The
active faults can be reset by pressing BACK / RESET button with long time (>2 s),
when the API is in active fault submenu level (F5.x). If the fault cannot be reset, the
blinking continues. It is possible to select other display menus during active fault, but
in this case the display returns automatically to the fault menu if no button is pressed
in 10 seconds. The fault code, subcode and the operating day, hour and minute values at the fault instant are shown in the value menu (operating hours = displayed
reading).
Note! Fault History can be reset by long pressing the BACK / RESET
button for 5 second time,when the API is in fault history submenu level (F6.x), it will also clear all active faults.
See Chapter 5 for fault descriptions.
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parameters
8. STANDARD APPLICATION PARAMETERS
On the next pages you can find the lists of parameters within the respective parameter groups. The parameter descriptions are given in Chapter 9 .
Explanations:
Code:
Location indication on the keypad; Shows the operator the present
Monitoring value number or Parameter number
Parameter:
Name of monitoring value or parameter
Min:
Minimum value of parameter
Max:
Maximum value of parameter
Unit:
Unit of parameter value; given if available
Default:
Factory preset value
ID:
ID number of the parameter (used with fieldbus control)
More information on this parameter available in chapter 9: ‘Parami
eter descriptions’ click on the parameter name.
Modifiable only in stop state
NOTE: This manual is for Vacon 20 standard application only. If you need more application information, please download the appropriate user manual on http://
www.vacon.com -> Support & Downloads.
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8.1 Quick setup parameters (Virtual menu, shows when par. 17.2 = 1)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
P1.1
Motor nominal
voltage
180
690
V
Varies
110
Check rating plate on the
motor.
P1.2
Motor nominal
frequency
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
111
Check rating plate on the
motor.
P1.3
Motor nominal
speed
30
20000
rpm
1440 /
1720
112
Default applies for a 4pole motor.
P1.4
Motor nominal
current
0,2 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
A
INunit
113
Check rating plate on the
motor.
P1.5
Motor cos
(Power Factor)
0,30
1,00
0,85
120
Check rating plate on the
motor.
i
P1.7
Current limit
0,2 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
1,5 x
INunit
107
Maximum motor current
i
P1.15
Torque boost
0
1
0
109
0 = Not used
1 = Used
i
P2.1
Remote control
place 1 selection
0
2
0
172
0 = I / O terminal
1 = Fieldbus
2 = Keypad
i
P2.2
Start function
0
1
0
505
0 = Ramp
1 = Flying start
i
P2.3
Stop function
0
1
0
506
0 = Coasting
1 = Ramp
P3.1
Min frequency
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
101
Minimum freq reference
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
102
Maximum freq reference
117
1 = Preset speed 0
2 = Keypad
3 = Fieldbus
4 = AI1
5 = AI2
6 = PID
7 = AI1+ AI2
8 = Motor potentiometer
9 = Pulse train / Encoder
10 = AIE1
11 = Temperature input 1
12 = Temperature input 2
13 = Temperature input 3
Note: Pay attention to DI/
Encoder switch position
when set with 9 = Pulse
train / Encoder
P3.2
i
P3.3

Max frequency
Remote Control
Place 1 frequency
reference seclection
30,00 320,00
P3.1 320,00
1
Varies
A
7
Note
Table 8.1: Quick setup parameters
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Code
Parameter
parameters
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
i
P3.4
Preset speed 0
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
5,00
180
Preset speed 0 is used
as frequency reference
when P3.3 = 1
i
P3.5
Preset speed 1
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
10,00
105
Activated by digital
inputs
i
P3.6
Preset speed 2
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
15,00
106
Activated by digital
inputs
i
P3.7
Preset speed 3
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
20,00
126
Activated by digital
inputs
P4.2
Acceleration
time 1
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
103
Acceleration time from
0 Hz to maximum frequency.
P4.3
Deceleration
time 1
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
104
Deceleration time from
maximum frequency to
0 Hz.
P6.1
AI1 Signal range
0
1
0
379
0 = 0 - 100%
1 = 20% - 100%
20% is the same as 2 V
minimum signal level.
P6.5
AI2 Signal range
0
1
0
390
0 = 0 - 100%
1 = 20% - 100%
20% is the same as 2 V
or 4 mA minimum signal
level.
P14.1
Automatic reset
0
1
0
731
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
P17.2
Parameter
conceal
0
1
1
115
0 = All parameters visible
1 = Only quick setup
parameter group visible
i
Table 8.1: Quick setup parameters
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8
parameters
vacon
• 73
8.2 Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
Code
Parameter
P1.1
Motor nominal
voltage
P1.2
Min
180
Motor nominal fre- 30,0
quency
0
Max
690
320,0
0
Unit Default
ID
Note
V
Varies
110
Check rating plate on the
motor
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
111
Check rating plate on the
motor
1440 /
1720
112
Default applies for a 4-pole
motor.
INunit
113
Check rating plate on the
motor
P1.3
Motor nominal
speed
P1.4
Motor nominal
current
P1.5
Motor cos
(Power Factor)
0,30
1,00
0,85
120
Check rating plate on the
motor
P1.6
Motor type
0
1
0
650
0 = Induction
1 = Permanent magnet
P1.7
Current limit
1,5 x
INunit
107
Maximum motor current
i
P1.8
Motor control
mode
0
1
0
600
0 = Frequency control
1 = Open loop speed control
i
P1.9
U / f ratio
0
2
0
108
0 = Linear
1 = Square
2 = Programmable
i
P1.10
Field weakening
point
8,00
320,0
0
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
602
Field weakening point frequency
i
P1.11
Field weakening 10,0 200,0
point voltage
0
0
%
100,00
603
Voltage at field weakening
point as % of Unmot
i
P1.12
U / f mid point
frequency
0,00 P1.10
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
604
Mid point frequency for
programmable U / f
i
P1.13
U / f mid point
voltage
0,00 P1.11
%
100,00
605
Mid point voltage for programmable U / f as % of
Unmot
i
P1.14
Zero freq voltage 0,00 40,00
%
Varies
606
Voltage at 0 Hz as % of Unmot
0
109
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
4,0 / 2,0
601
PWM frequency. If values
are higher than default,
reduce the current capacity
i
30
20000 rpm
0,2 x 2,0 x
INunit INunit

0,2 x 2,0 x
INunit INunit
i
P1.15
Torque Boost
0
1
i
P1.16
Switching
frequency
1,5
16,0
A
A
kHz
Table 8.2: Motor settings
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Code
i
P1.17
P1.18
Parameter
Brake Chopper
Brake chopper
level
parameters
Min Max
0
0
2
911
0
V
varies
ID
504
Note
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled: Always
2 = Run state
Brake chopper control
activation level in volt.
For 240V Supply:
240*1.35*1.18 = 382V
For 400V Supply:
400*1.35*1.18 = 638V
1267 Please note that when
brake chopper is used the
overvoltage controller can
be switched off or the
overvoltage reference level
can be set above the brake
chopper level.
0
631
0 = Not active
1 = Standstill identification
(need run command within
20 s to activate)
2 = Identification with run
(need run command within
20 s to activate. Only available in power SW V026
included in FW01070V010
or later version)
0,00
662
Voltage drop over motor
windings as % of Unmot at
nominal current.
2
1
607
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled, Standard
mode
2 = Enabled, Shock load
mode
0
1
1
608
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
0
1
0
522
0 = Not in use
1 = In use
P1.19
Motor
identification
0
2
P1.20
Rs voltage drop
0,00
100,0
0
i
P1.21
Overvoltage
controller
0
i
P1.22
Undervoltage
controller
P1.23
Sine filter
i
Unit Default
%
Table 8.2: Motor settings
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parameters
Code
P1.24
Parameter
Modulator type
vacon
Min
0
Max
Unit Default
65535
28928
• 75
ID
Note
648
Modulator configuration word:
B1 = Discontinuous modulation (DPWMMIN)
B2 = Pulse dropping in
overmodulation
B6 = Under modulation
B8 = Instantaneous DC voltage compensation *
B11 = Low noise
B12 = Dead time compensation *
B13 = Flux error compensation *
* Enabled by default
i
P1.25
Efficiency optimization*
0
1
0
666
Energy optimization,
the frequency converter seach
for the minimum cuuren in
order to save energy and lower
motor
noise
0 = disabled
1 = enable
i
P1.26
I/f start enable*
0
1
0
534
0 = disabled
1 = enable
i
P1.27
I/f start frequency reference limit*
1
100
%
10
535
Output frequency limit
below which the defined I/f
start current is fed to motor.
i
P1.28
I/f start current
reference*
0
100.0
%
80.0
536
Current reference in percent of
motor nominal current [1 =
0.1%]
i
P1.29
Voltage limiter
enable*
0
1
1
Select voltage limiter mode:
1079 0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Table 8.2: Motor settings
NOTE!
* These parameters are only available in power SW FWP00001V026 included in
FW01070V010 or later version.
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
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parameters
8.3 Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
Code
Parameter
i
P2.1
Remote Control
Place Selection
Min
Max Unit Default
ID
0
2
0
0 = I / O terminals
172 1 = Fieldbus
2 = Keypad
Note
i
P2.2
Start function
0
1
0
505
0 = Ramp
1 = Flying start
i
P2.3
Stop function
0
1
0
506
0 = Coasting
1 = Ramp
i
P2.4
I / O Start / Stop
logic
0
4
2
I / O control I / O control
signal 1
signal 2
Reverse
0 Forward
300 1 Fwd(edge) Inverted Stop
2 Fwd(edge) Bwd(edge)
Reverse
3 Start
4 Start(edge) Reverse
i
P2.5
Local / Remote
0
1
0
211
0 = Remote control
1 = Local control
P2.6
Keypad control
direction
0
1
0
123
0 = Forward
1 = Reverse
P2.7
Keypad stop button
0
1
1
114
0 = Keypad control only
1 = Always
P2.8
Remote Control
Place 2 Selection
0
2
0
0 = I / O terminals
173 1 = Fieldbus
2 = Keypad
P2.9
keypad button
lock
0
1
0
15520
0 = unlock all keypad button
1 = Loc/Rem button locked
Table 8.3: Start / stop setup
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parameters
vacon
• 77
8.4 Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
P3.1
Min frequency
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
101
Minimum allowed 
frequency reference
P3.2
Max frequency
P3.1
320,00
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
102
Maximum allowed 
frequency reference
7
1 = Preset speed 0
2 = Keypad
3 = Fieldbus
4 = AI1
5 = AI2
6 = PID
7 = AI1+ AI2
8 = Motor potentiometer
117 9 = Pulse train / Encoder
10 = AIE1
11 = Temperature input 1
12 = Temperature input 2
13 = Temperature input 3
Note: Pay attention to DI/
Encoder switch position
when set with 9 = Pulse
train / Encoder
Hz
5,00
Preset speed 0 is used as
180 frequency reference when
P3.3 = 1
P3.2
Hz
10,00
105 Activated by digital inputs
P3.2
Hz
15,00
106 Activated by digital inputs
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
20,00
126 Activated by digital inputs
Preset speed 4
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
25,00
127 Activated by digital inputs
P3.9
Preset speed 5
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
30,00
128 Activated by digital inputs
P3.10
Preset speed 6
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
40,00
129 Activated by digital inputs
P3.11
Preset speed 7
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
50,00
130 Activated by digital inputs
Remote Control
Place 2 freP3.12
quency reference selection
1
Varies
P3.13
Motor Potentionmeter Ramp
1
50
P3.14
Motor Potentionmeter Reset
0
2
i
P3.3
Remote Control
Place 1 frequency reference seclection
1
Varies
i
P3.4
Preset speed 0
P3.1
P3.2
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
P3.5
Preset speed 1
P3.1
P3.6
Preset speed 2
P3.1
P3.7
Preset speed 3
P3.8
i
Note
Hz/s
5
131 As parameter P3.3
5
331 Speed variation rate
2
0 = No Reset
367 1 = Reset if stopped
2 = Reset if powered down
Table 8.4: Frequency references
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
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parameters
8.5 Ramps and brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
i
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
ID
Note
P4.1
Ramp S-shape 1
0,0
10,0
s
0,0
500
0 = Linear
>0 = S-curve ramp time
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
Defines the time
required for the output
103 frequency to increase
from zero frequency to
maximum frequency.
P4.2 Acceleration time 1
Unit Default
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
Defines the time
required for the output
frequency to decrease
104
from maximum
frequency to zero
frequency.
0,0
10,0
s
0,0
501 See the parameter P4.1
P4.5 Acceleration time 2
0,1
3000,0
s
10,0
502 See the parameter P4.2
i
P4.6 Deceleration time 2
0,1
3000,0
s
10,0
503 See the parameter P4.3
i
P4.7
Flux Braking
0
3
P4.8
Flux Braking Current
0,5 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
P4.9
DC Braking Current
0,3 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
i
P4.10
Stop DC current
time
0,00
600,00
i
P4.11
Stop DC current
frequency
0,10
i
P4.12
Start DC current
time
0,00
P4.3 Deceleration time 1
P4.4
Ramp S-shape 2
0
520
0 = Off
1 = Deceleration
2 = Chopper
3 = Full Mode
A
INunit
519
Defines the current level
for flux braking.
A
INunit
Defines the current
507 injected into the motor
during DC brakeing.
s
0,00
Determines if braking 
is ON or OFF and the
braking time of the 
508
DC-brake when the
motor is stopping.
0 = Not active
10,00
Hz
1,50
The output frequency at
515 which the DC-braking is
applied.
600,00
s
0,00
516 0 = Not active
Table 8.5: Ramps and brakes setup
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8
parameters
i
vacon
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P4.13
Accel2 Frequency
Threshold
0.00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
527 0,00 = disabled
P4.14
Decel2 Frequency
Threshold
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
528 0,00 = disabled
P4.15
External Brake:
Open Delay
0,00
320,00
s
0,20
Delay to open brake
1544 after Open frequency
limit is reached
P4.16
External Brake:
Open Frequency
limit
0,00
P3.2
Hz
1,50
Opening frequency from
1535 forward and reverse
direction.
P4.17
External Brake :
Close Frequency
limit
0,00
P3.2
Hz
1,00
Close frequency from
1539 positive direction if no
run command active.
P4.18
External Brake :
Close Frequency
limit in Reverse
0,00
P3.2
Hz
1,50
Close frequency from
1540 negative direction if no
run command active.
P4.19
External Brake :
Open/Close Current limit
0,0
200,0
Unit Default
%
20,0
ID
• 79
Note
The brake is not opened
if the current does not
exceed this value, and is
closed immediately if
1585 current goes below.
This parameter is set as
a percent of Motor nominal current.
Table 8.5: Ramps and brakes setup
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parameters
8.6 Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max Unit Default ID
Note
P5.1
I / O control signal 1
0
Varies
1
0 = Not used
1 = DI1
2 = DI2
3 = DI3
4 = DI4
5 = DI5
403 6 = DI6
7 = DIE1
8 = DIE2
9 = DIE3
10 = DIE4
11 = DIE5
12 = DIE6
i
P5.2
I / O control signal 2
0
Varies
2
404 As parameter 5.1
i
P5.3
Reverse
0
Varies
0
412 As parameter 5.1
P5.4
Ext. fault Close
0
Varies
6
405 As parameter 5.1
P5.5
Ext. fault Open
0
Varies
0
406 As parameter 5.1
P5.6
Fault reset
0
Varies
3
414 As parameter 5.1
i
P5.7
Run enable
0
Varies
0
407 As parameter 5.1
P5.8
Preset speed B0
0
Varies
4
419 As parameter 5.1
P5.9
Preset speed B1
0
Varies
5
420 As parameter 5.1
P5.10
Preset speed B2
0
Varies
0
421 As parameter 5.1
P5.11 Ramp time 2 selection
0
Varies
0
408 As parameter 5.1
P5.12 Motor potentiometer up
0
Varies
0
418 As parameter 5.1
0
Varies
0
417 As parameter 5.1
0
Varies
0
425
Activates control place 2
As parameter 5.1
P5.13
Motor potentiometer
down
P5.14 Remote control place 2
i
i
P5.15
Remote control plece
freq reference 2
0
Varies
0
343
Activates control place 2
See parameter 5.1
P5.16
PID setpoint 2
0
Varies
0
1047
Activates reference 2
As parameter 5.1
0
Activates the Motor PreHeat (DC-Current) in
stop state when parame1044
ter Motor Preheat function is set to 2
As parameter 5.1
P5.17
Motor PreHeat Active
0
Varies
Table 8.6: Digital inputs
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parameters
vacon
• 81
8.7 Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P6.1
AI1 Signal range
0
1
Unit
Default
ID
Note
0
379
0 = 0 - 100% (0 - 10 V)
1 = 20% - 100% (2 - 10 V)
P6.2
AI1 Custom min -100,00 100,00
%
0,00
P6.3
AI1 Custom max -100,00 300,00
%
100,00
s
0,1
P6.4
AI1 filter time
0,0
10,0
P6.5
AI2 signal range
0
1
0
380 0,00 = no min scaling
381 100,00 = no max scaling
378 0 = no filtering
390 As parameter P6.1
P6.6
AI2 Custom min -100,00 100,00
%
0,00
391 As parameter P6.2
i
P6.7
AI2 Custom max -100,00 300,00
%
100,00
392 As parameter P6.3
i
P6.8
s
0,1
389 As parameter P6.4
AI2 filter time
P6.9 AIE1 Signal range
0,0
10,0
0
1
0
As parameter P6.1, hid143 den until an option board
is connected
P6.10 AIE1 Custom Min -100,00 100,00
%
0,00
As parameter P6.2, hid144 den until an option board
is connected
P6.11 AIE1 Custom Max -100,00 300,00
%
100,00
As parameter P6.3, hid145 den until an option board
is connected
P6.12
s
0,1
As parameter P6.4, hid142 den until an option board
is connected
AIE1 Filter time
0,0
10,0
Table 8.7: Analogue inputs
8.8 Pulse train / Encoder (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P7)
i
i
Code
Parameter
P7.1
Min pulse frequency
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
0
10000
Hz
0
P7.2
Max pulse frequency
0,0
10000
Hz
10000
P7.3
Freq. ref. at min
pulse freq.
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
Frequency correspond1231 ing to 0% if used as frequency reference.
P7.4
Freq. ref. at max
pulse freq.
0,00
P3.2
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
Frequency correspond1232 ing to 100% if used as
frequency reference.
Pulse frequency to be
1229
interpreted as a 0% signal.
Pulse frequency to be
1230 interpreted as a 100%
signal.
Table 8.8: Pulse train/Encoder
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82
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parameters
Code
Parameter
i
P7.5
Encoder direction
0
2
i
P7.6
Encoder pulses /
revolution
1
65535
P7.7
Config DI5 and
DI6
i
Min
Max
Unit
Default
256
2
0
Note
0 = Disable
1233 1 = Enable / Normal
2 = Enable / Inverted
0
ppr
ID
629
Pulse count of encoder
per round. Used for scaling encoder rpm monitor
value only.
0 = DI5 and DI6 are for
normal digital input
1165 1 = DI6 is for pulse train
2 = DI5 and DI6 are for
encoder frequence mode
0
Table 8.8: Pulse train/Encoder
8.9 Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
Code
i
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Selections
P8.1
RO1 signal
selection
0
Varies
2
0 = Not used
1 = Ready
2 = Run
3 = Fault
4 = Fault Inverted
5 = Warning
6 = Reversed
7 = At Speed
8 = Motor regulator active
9 = FB Control Word.B13
313 10 = FB Control Word.B14
11 = FB Control Word.B15
12 = Output freq superv.
13 = Output torque superv.
14 = Unit temperature superv.
15 = Analogue input superv.
16 = Preset Speed Active
17 = External Brake ctrl
18 = Keypad control active
19 = I / O control active
20 = Temperature supervision
P8.2
RO2 signal
selcetion
0
Varies
3
314 As parameter 8.1
P8.3
DO1 signal
selcetion
0
Varies
1
312 As parameter 8.1
Table 8.9: Digital outputs
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
vacon
Unit Default
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P8.4
RO2 inversion
0
1
P8.5
RO2 ON delay
0,00
320,00
s
0,00
P8.6
RO2 OFF delay
0,00
320,00
s
0,00
P8.7
RO1 inversion
0
1
P8.8
RO1 ON delay
0,00
320,00
s
0,00
458 0,00 = No delay
P8.9
RO1 OFF delay
0,00
320,00
s
0,00
459 0,00 = No delay
P8.10
DOE1 signal
selection
0
Varies
0
As parameter 8.1, hidden
317 until an option board is connected
P8.11
DOE2 signal
selection
0
Varies
0
As parameter 8.1, hidden
318 until an option board is connected
P8.12
DOE3 signal
selection
0
Varies
0
As parameter 8.1, hidden
1386 until an option board is connected
P8.13
DOE4 signal
selection
0
Varies
0
As parameter 8.1, hidden
1390 until an option board is connected
P8.14
DOE5 signal
selection
0
Varies
0
As parameter 8.1, hidden
1391 until an option board is connected
P8.15
DOE6 signal
selection
0
Varies
0
As parameter 8.1, hidden
1395 until an option board is connected
0
0
ID
• 83
1588
Selections
0 = No inversion
1 = Inverted
460 0,00 = No delay
461 0,00 = No delay
1587
0 = No inversion
1 = Inverted
Table 8.9: Digital outputs
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8
84
• vacon
parameters
8.10 Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Selections
i
P9.1
Analog output
signal selection
0
14
1
0 = Not used
1 = Output freq. (0-fmax)
2 = Output current (0-InMotor)
3 = Motor torque (0-TnMotor)
4 = PID output (0 - 100%)
5 = Freq. refer. (0-fmax)
6 = Motor speed (0-nmax)
7 = Motor power (0-PnMotor)
8 = Motor Voltage (0-UnMotor)
307 9 = DC-link Voltage
(0 - 1000 V)
10 = Process Data In1
(0 - 10000)
11 = Process Data In2
(0 - 10000)
12 = Process Data In3
(0 - 10000)
13 = Process Data In4
(0 - 10000)
14 = Test 100%
i
P9.2
Analog output
minimum
0
1
0
310
P9.3
Analog output
scaling
0 = 0 V / 0 mA
1 = 2 V / 4 mA
0,0
1000,0
%
100,0
311 Scaling factor
Analog output fil0,00
P9.4
ter time
10,00
s
0,10
308 Filter time
P9.5
Analog output E1
signal selection
0
14
0
As parameter P9.1, hidden
472 until an option board is connected
P9.6
Analog output E1
minimum
0
1
0
As parameter P9.2, hidden
475 until an option board is connected
P9.7
Analog output E1
scaling
0,0
1000,0
%
100,0
As parameter P9.3, hidden
476 until an option board is connected
P9.8
Analog output E1
filter time
0,00
10,00
s
0,10
As parameter P9.4, hidden
473 until an option board is connected
Table 8.10: Analogue outputs
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8
parameters
Code
Parameter
vacon
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
• 85
Selections
Analog output E2
P9.9
signal selection
0
14
0
As parameter P9.1, hidden
479 until an option board is connected
P9.10
Analog output E2
minimum
0
1
0
As parameter P9.2, hidden
482 until an option board is connected
P9.11
Analog output E2
scaling
0,0
1000,0
%
100,0
As parameter P9.3, hidden
483 until an option board is connected
P9.12
Analog output E2
filter time
0,00
10,00
s
0,10
As parameter P9.4, hidden
480 until an option board is connected
Table 8.10: Analogue outputs
8.11 Fieldbus Data-Mapping (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P10)
Code
i
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
P10.1
FB Data Output 1
selection
0
Varies
0
0 = Frequency reference
1 = Output reference
2 = Motor speed
3 = Motor current
4 = Motor voltage
5 = Motor torque
6 = Motor power
7 = DC link voltage
8 = Active fault code
852 9 = Analogue AI1
10 = Analogue AI2
11 = Digital input state
12 = PID feedback value
13 = PID setpoint
14 = Pulse train /
encoder input (%)
15 = Pulse train /
encoder pulse()
16 = AIE1
P10.2
FB Data Output 2
selection
0
Varies
1
853 Variable mapped on PD2
FB Data Output 3
P10.3
selection
0
Varies
2
854 Variable mapped on PD3
FB Data Output 4
P10.4
selection
0
Varies
4
855 Variable mapped on PD4
Table 8.11: Fieldbus Data-Mapping
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parameters
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P10.5
FB Data Output 5
selection
0
Varies
5
856 Variable mapped on PD5
P10.6
FB Data Output 6
selection
0
Varies
3
857 Variable mapped on PD6
FB Data Output 7
P10.7
selection
0
Varies
6
858 Variable mapped on PD7
FB Data Output 8
P10.8
selection
0
Varies
7
859 Variable mapped on PD8
0
PDI for Aux CW
0 = Not used
1 = PDI1
1167 2 = PDI2
3 = PDI3
4 = PDI4
5 = PDI5
P10.9
Aux CW Data In
selection
Unit
Default
5
0
ID
Note
Table 8.11: Fieldbus Data-Mapping
8.12 Prohibited Frequencies (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P11)
i
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
P11.1
Prohibit Frequency
Range 1 Low Limit
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
509
Low Limit
0 = Not used
Note
P11.2
Prohibit Frequency
Range 1 High Limit
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
510
High Limit
0 = Not used
P11.3
Prohibit Frequency
Range 2 Low Limit
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
511
Low Limit
0 = Not used
P11.4
Prohibit Frequency
Range 2 High Limit
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
512
High Limit
0 = Not used
Table 8.12: Prohibited Frequencies
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parameters
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8.13 Limit Supervisions (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P12)
Code
Parameter
Output freq.
P12.1 supervision function
Min
Max
0
2
P12.2
Output freq.
supervision limit
0,00
P3.2
P12.3
Torque supervision function
0
2
P12.4
Torque supervision limit
0,0
300,0
P12.5
Unit Temperature
Supervision
0
2
P12.6
Unit Temperature
Supervision Limit
-10
100
P12.7
Analogue input
superv signal
0
Varies
P12.8 AI superv ON level
P12.9
AI superv OFF
level
Unit
Default
0
Hz
0,00
0
%
°C
0,0
ID
Note
0 = Not used
315 1 = Low limit
2 = High limit
316
Output frequency supervision threshold
0 = Not used
348 1 = Low limit
2 = High limit
349
Torque supervision
Threshold
0
0 = Not used
354 1 = Low limit
2 = High limit
40
355
0
0 = AI1
356 1 = AI2
2 = AIE1
Unit temperature supervision threshold
0,00
100,00
%
80,00
357 ON threshold AI superv.
0,00
100,00
%
40,00
358 OFF threshold AI superv.
P12.10
Temperature
supervision input
1
7
1
Binary-coded selection
of signals to use for temperature supervision
B0 = Temperature input 1
1431 B1 = Temperature input 2
B2 = Temperature input 3
NOTE! Hidden until an
option board is connected
P12.11
Temperature
supervision
function
0
2
2
As parameter 12.1, hid1432 den until an option board
is connected
P12.12
Temperature
supervision limit
-50,0/ 200,0/
223,2 473,2
80,0
1433
Temperature supervision
threshold, hidden until
an option board is connected
Table 8.13: Limit Supervisions
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parameters
8.14 Protections (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P13)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
P13.1
Analog Input low
fault
0
4
1
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Alarm, preset alarm
700
frequency
3 = Fault: Stop function
4 = Fault: Coast
P13.2
Under voltage
fault
1
2
2
727
1 = No response (no fault
generated but drive still
stops modulation)
2 = Fault:Coast
P13.3
Earth fault
0
3
2
703
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault:Stop function
3 = Fault:Coast
P13.4
Output Phase
Fault
0
3
2
702 As parameter 13.3
P13.5
Stall protection
0
3
0
709 As parameter 13.3
P13.6
Under load protection
0
3
0
713 As parameter 13.3
P13.7
Motor thermal
protection
0
3
2
704 As parameter 13.3
i
P13.8
Mtp:Ambient
temperature
-20
100
°C
40
705
i
P13.9
Mtp:Zero speed
cooling
0,0
150,0
%
40,0
i
P13.10
Mtp:Thermal
time constant
1
200
min
Varies
707
i
P13.11
Stall Current
0,00
2,0 x
INunit
A
INunit
For a stall stage to
710 occur, the current must
have exceeded this limit
i
P13.12
Stall time
0,00
300,00
s
15,00
711 Stall time limited
P13.13
Stall frequency
0,10
320,00
Hz
25,00
712 Stall min. frequency
UL:Field weaken10,0
P13.14
ing load
150,0
%
50,0
714
P13.15 UL:Zero freq load
150,0
%
10,0
715 Minimum torque at f0
i
i
i
i
5,0
Environment temperation
706 Cooling as % at 0 speed
Motor thermal time constant
Minimum torque at field
weakening
Table 8.14: Protections
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parameters
Code
i
Parameter
vacon
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
• 89
Note
P13.16
UL:Time limit
1,0
300,0
s
20,0
This is the maximum
716 time allowed for an
underload state to exist
P13.17
Analog Input low
fault delay
0,0
10,0
s
0,5
1430
Delay time for analog
input low fault
P13.18
External fault
0
3
2
701 Same as parameter 13.3
P13.19
Fieldbus fault
0
4
3
733 As parameter 13.1
P13.20
Preset alarm freP3.1
quency
P13.21
Parameters edit
lock
0
P3.2
1
Hz
25,00
Frequency used when
183 fault response is Alarm +
preset Frequency.
0
819
0 = Edit enabled
1 = Edit disabled
P13.22 Thermistor Fault
0
3
2
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault: Stop function
732
3 = Fault: Coast
Hidden until an option
board is connected.
P13.23
FWD/REV conflict supervision
0
3
1
1463 Same as P13.3
P13.24
Temperature
fault
0
3
0
As parameter P13.3, hid740 den until an OPTBH
board is connected
P13.25
Temperature
fault input
1
7
1
Binary-coded selection of
signals to use for alarm
and fault triggering
B0 = Temperature input 1
739
B1 = Temperature input 2
B2 = Temperature input 3
NOTE! Hidden until an
OPTBH board is connected
P13.26
Temperature
fault mode
0
2
2
0 = Not used
743 1 = Low limit
2 = High limit
P13.27
Temperature
fault limit
-50,0/ 200,0/
223,2 473,2
100,0
742
Temperature fault
threshold, hidden until
an OPTBH board is connected
Table 8.14: Protections
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Code
Parameter
i
P13.28 Input phase fault*
i
P13.29
Motor temperature
memory mode*
parameters
Min
Max
0
3
Unit
Default
3
730 As parameter P13.3
ID
Note
0
2
2
0 = disabled
15521 1 = constant mode
2 = last value mode
Table 8.14: Protections
NOTE!
* These parameters are only available in power SW FWP00001V026 included in
FW01070V010 or later versiond.
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
8.15 Fault autoreset parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14)
Code
i
i
Parameter
P14.1 Automatic Reset
Min
Max
0
1
Unit Default ID
0
731
Note
0 = Disabled
1 = Enable
P14.2
Wait time
0,10
10,00
s
0,50
717 Waiting time after fault
P14.3
Trial time
0,00
60,00
s
30,00
718 Maximum time for trials
P14.4
Trials number
1
10
3
759 Maximum trials
0
2
2
0 = Ramping
719 1 = Flying
2 = From Start Function
P14.5 Restart Function
Table 8.15: Fault autoreset parameters
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
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parameters
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• 91
8.16 PID control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Note
0 = Fixed setpoint %
1 = AI1
2 = AI2
3 = ProcessDataIn1
(0 -100%)
4 = ProcessDataIn2
(0 -100%)
5 = ProcessDataIn3
332
(0 -100%)
6 = ProcessDataIn4
(0 -100%)
7 = Pulse train/encoder
8 = AIE1
9 = Temperature input 1
10 = Temperature input 2
11 = Temperature input 3
P15.1
Setpoint source
selection
0
Varies
P15.2
Fixed setpoint
0,0
100,0
%
50,0
167 Fixed setpoint
P15.3
Fixed setpoint 2
0,0
100,0
%
50,0
168
0
Alternative fixed setpoint,
selectable with DI
1
0 = AI1
1 = AI2
2 = ProcessDataIn1
(0 -100%)
3 = ProcessDataIn2
(0 -100%)
4 = ProcessDataIn3
(0 -100%)
334
5 = ProcessDataIn4
(0 -100%)
6 = AI2-AI1
7 = Pulse train / encoder
8 = AIE1
9 = Temperature input 1
10 = Temperature input 2
11 = Temperature input 3
%
0,0
336 Value at minimum signal
300,0
%
100,0
337 Value at maximum signal
1000,0
%
100,0
118 Proportional gain
P15.4
Feedback
source selection
0
Varies
P15.5
Feedback value
minumum
0,0
50,0
i
P15.6
Feedback value
maximum
10,0
i
P15.7
P gain
0,0
Table 8.16: PID control parameters
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92
i
i
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Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P15.8
I time
0,00
320,00
s
10,00
119 Integrative time
P15.9
D time
0,00
10,00
s
0,00
132 Derivative time
P15.10 Error inversion
Sleep minimum
P15.11
frequency
i
i
parameters
0
0,00
Unit Default
1
P3.2
Hz
ID
Note
0
0 = Direct (Feedback < Setpoint ->Increase PID output)
340
1 = Inverted (Feedback >
Setpoint ->Decrease PID
output)
25,00
Drive goes to sleep mode
when the output frequency
stays below this limit for a
1016
time greater than that
defined by parameter Sleep
delay
P15.12
Sleep delay
0
3600
s
30
1017 Delay for enter sleep
P15.13
Wake up error
0,0
100,0
%
5,0
1018 Threshold for exit sleep
P15.14
Sleep setpoint
boost
0,0
50,0
%
10,0
1071 Referred to setpoint
P15.15
Setpoint boost
time
0
60
s
10
1072 Boost time after P15.12
P15.16
Sleep maximum loss
0,0
50,0
%
5,0
1509
P15.17
Sleep loss check
time
1
300
s
30
1510 After boost time P15.15
Referred to feedback value
after boost
i
P15.18
Process unit
source select
0
6
0
0 = PID feedback value
1 = Output frequency
2 = Motor speed
1513 3 = Motor torque
4 = Motor power
5 = Motor current
6 = Pulse Train / Encoder
i
P15.19
Process unit
decimal digits
0
3
1
1035 Decimals on display
i
P15.20
Process unit
minimum value
0,0
P15,21
0,0
1033 Process min value
i
Process unit
P15.20 3200,0
P15.21
maximum value
100,0
1034 Process max value
Table 8.16: PID control parameters
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parameters
Code
Parameter
vacon
Min
Max
Unit Default
P15.22
Temperature
min value
-50,0/
223,2
P15.23
0,0
P15.23
Temperature
max value
P15.22
200,0/
473,2
100,0
ID
• 93
Note
Temperature min value for
PID and frequency refer1706
ence scale, hidden until an
OPTBH board is connected
1707
Temperature max value for
PID and frequency reference scale, hidden until an
OPTBH board is connected
Table 8.16: PID control parameters
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
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parameters
8.17 Motor Pre-heat (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P16)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P16.1
Motor Pre-heat
Function
0
2
P16.2
Motor Pre-heat
Current
0
0,5 x
INunit
Unit
A
Default
ID
Note
0
0 = Not used
1 = Always in stop state
1225
2 = Controlled by digital
input
0
DC current for Pre-heating of motor and drive in
1227 stop state. Active in stop
state or by digital input
while in stop state.
Table 8.17: Motor Pre-heat
8.18 Easy usage menu (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P17)
Code
i
Parameter
P17.1 Application Type
i
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
0
3
0
0 = Basic
1 = Pump
2 = Fan drive
540
3 = High Torque
NOTE! Visible only when
Startup wizard is active.
0
1
1
0 = All parameters visible
115 1 = Only quick setup
parameter group visible
P17.2
Parameter
conceal
P17.3
Temperature
unit
0
1
0
0 = Celsius
1 = Kelvins
1197 NOTE! Hidden until an
OPTBH board is connected.
P17.4
Application
access password*
0
30000
0
Input the right password
2362 could review parameter
group 18.
Table 8.18: Easy usage menu parameters
NOTE!
* These parameters are only available in power SW FWP00001V026 included in
FW01070V010 or later version.
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parameters
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• 95
8.19 System parameters
Code
Parameter
Min Max Default
ID
Note
Software information (MENU SYS->V1)
V1.1
API SW ID
V1.2
API SW version
2314
835
V1.3
Power SW ID
2315
V1.4
Power SW version
834
V1.5
Application ID
837
V1.6
Application revision
838
V1.7
System load
839
When no field bus Option Board or no OPT-BH Board has been installed, the Modbus comm.
Parameters are as follows
V2.1
Communication status
P2.2
Fieldbus protocol
0
1
P2.3
Slave address
1
255
P2.4
P2.6
Baud rate
Parity type
0
0
8
2
808
Status of Modbus
communication.
Format: xx.yyy
where xx = 0 - 64 (Number of error messages)
yyy = 0 - 999 (Number of
good messages)
0
809
0 = Not used
1 = Modbus used
1
810
5
0
811
0 = 300
1 = 600
2 = 1200
3 = 2400
4 = 4800
5 = 9600
6 = 19200
7 = 38400
8 = 57600
813
0 = None
1 = Even
2 = Odd
The Stop Bit is 2-bit
When Parity type is
0 = None;
The Stop Bit is 1-bit
When Parity type is
1 = Even or 2 = Odd
Table 8.19: System parameters
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96
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Code
Parameter
parameters
Min Max Default
ID
Note
0 = Not used
1 = 1 sec
2 = 2 secs, etc
P2.7
Communication time out
0
255
10
814
P2.8
Reset communication
status
0
1
0
815
When Canopen E6 board has been installed, the comm. Parameters are as follows
V2.1
Canopen communication
status
P2.2
Canopen operation mode
1
2
P2.3
Canopen Node ID
1
127
P2.4
Canopen baud rate
3
8
14004
0 = Initialising
4 = Stopped
5 = Operational
6 = Pre_Operational
7 = Reset_Application
8 = Reset_Comm
9 = Unknow
1
14003
1 = Driver Profile
2 = Bypass
1
14001
6
14002
3 = 50 kBaud
4 = 100 kBaud
5 = 125 kBaud
6 = 250 kBaud
7 = 500 kBaud
8 = 1000 kBaud
When DeviceNet E7 board has been installed, the comm. Parameters are as follows
14014
Status of Modbus communication. Format:
XXXX.Y, X = DeviceNet msg counter,
Y = DeviceNet status.
0 = Non-existent or no
bus power.
1 = Configuring state
2 = Established
3 = Timeout
21
14012
20, 21, 23, 25, 101, 111
63
14010
3
1
14011
1 = 125 kbit/s
2 = 250 kbit/s
3 = 500 kbit/s
117
71
14013
70, 71, 73, 75, 107, 117
V2.1
Communication status
P2.2
Output assembly type
20
111
P2.3
MAC ID
0
63
P2.4
Baud rate
1
P2.5
Input assembly type
70
Table 8.19: System parameters
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8
parameters
Code
Parameter
vacon
Min Max Default
ID
• 97
Note
When ProfidBus E3/E5 board has been installed, the comm. Parameters are as follows
V2.1
Communication status
14022
V2.2
Fieldbus protocol status
14023
V2.3
Active protocol
14024
V2.4
Active buad rate
14025
V2.5
Telegram type
14027
P2.6
Operate mode
1
3
1
14021
Slave address
2
126
126
14020
P2.7
1 = Profidrive
2 = Bypass
3 = Echo
When OPT-BH board has been installed, the comm. Parameters are as follows
P2.1
P2.2
P2.3
Sensor 1 type
Sensor 2 type
Sensor 3 type
0
0
0
6
6
6
0
0
0
14072
0 = No Sensor
1 = PT100
2 = PT1000
3 = Ni1000
4 = KTY84
5 = 2 x PT100
6 = 3 x PT100
14073
0 = No Sensor
1 = PT100
2 = PT1000
3 = Ni1000
4 = KTY84
5 = 2 x PT100
6 = 3 x PT100
14074
0 = No Sensor
1 = PT100
2 = PT1000
3 = Ni1000
4 = KTY84
5 = 2 x PT100
6 = 3 x PT100
When OPT-EC board has been installed ,the comm. Parameters are as follows
V2.1
version number
0
Version number of the
board software
V2.2
Board status
0
State of the OPTEC
board application
Table 8.19: System parameters
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8
98
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Code
Parameter
parameters
Min Max Default
ID
Note
Other information
V3.1
MWh counter
827
V3.2
Power on days
828
V3.3
Power on hours
829
V3.4
Run counter: Days
840
V3.5
Run counter: Hours
841
V3.6
Fault counter
842
V3.7
Panel parameter set
status monitor
P4.2
Restore factory defaults
Million Watt Hour
Hidden when connect
with PC.
0
1
831
1 = Restores factory
defaults for all parameters
P4.3
Password
0000
832
P4.4
Time for panel and lcd
backlight active
0
99
5
833
P4.5
Save parameter set to
panel
0
1
0
Hidden when connect
with PC.
P4.6
Restore parameter set
from panel
0
1
0
Hidden when connect
with PC.
F5.x
Active Fault menu
F6.x
Fault History menu
0000 9999
0
Table 8.19: System parameters
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parameter descriptions
vacon
• 99
9. PARAMETER DESCRIPTIONS
On the next pages you can find the descriptions of certain parameters. The descriptions have been arranged according to parameter group and number.
9.1 Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
1.7
CURRENT LIMIT
This parameter determines the maximum motor current from the frequency
converter. To avoid motor overload, set this parameter according to the rated
current of the motor. The current limit is equal to (1.5 x In) by default.
1.8
MOTOR CONTROL MODE
With this parameter the user can select the motor control mode. The selections are:
0 = Frequency control:
Drive frequency reference is set to output frequency without slip compensation. Motor actual speed is finally defined by motor load.
1 = Open loop speed control:
Drive frequency reference is set to motor speed reference. The motor
speed remains the same regardless of motor load. Slip is compensated.
1.9
U / F RATIO
There are three selections for this parameter:
0 = Linear:
The voltage of the motor changes linearly with the frequency in the
constant flux area from 0 Hz to the field weakening point where the
field weakening point voltage is supplied to the motor. Linear U / f ratio
should be used in constant torque applications. See Figure 9.1.
This default setting should be used if there is no special need for another setting.
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1 = Square:
The voltage of the motor changes following a squared curve form with
the frequency in the area from 0 Hz to the field weakening point where
the field weakening point voltage is also supplied to the motor. The
motor runs under magnetised below the field weakening point and
produces less torque, power losses and electromechanical noise.
Squared U / f ratio can be used in applications where torque demand
of the load is proportional to the square of the speed, e.g. in centrifugal
fans and pumps.
U[V]
Un
Pa r. 1.11
Default: Nominal
voltage of the motor
Field weakening
point
Linear
Squared
Pa r. 1.14
Default: Nominal
frequency of the
motor
f[Hz]
Pa r. 1.10
Figure 9.1: Linear and squared change of motor voltage
2 = Programmable U / f curve:
The U / f curve can be programmed with three different points. Programmable U / f curve can be used if the other settings do not satisfy
the needs of the application.
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U [V ]
Un
P a r. 1.11
D efau lt: N om inal
voltage of the m otor
F ield w ea kening
po int
P a r. 1 .1 3
D efault: N om ina l
frequen cy of the
m otor
P a r. 1.1 4
P a r. 1 .1 2
f[H z]
P a r. 1 .10
Figure 9.2: Programmable U / f curve
1.10 FIELD WEAKENING POINT
The field weakening point is the output frequency at which the output voltage
reaches the value set with par. 1.11.
1.11 FIELD WEAKENING POINT VOLTAGE
Above the frequency at the field weakening point, the output voltage remains
at the value set with this parameter. Below the frequency at the field weakening point, the output voltage depends on the setting of the U / f curve parameters. See parameters 1.9-1.14 and Figures 9.1 and 9.2.
When the parameters 1.1 and 1.2 (nominal voltage and nominal frequency of
the motor) are set, the parameters 1.10 and 1.11 are automatically given the
corresponding values. If you need different values for the field weakening
point and the voltage, change these parameters after setting the parameters
1.1 and 1.2.
1.12 U / F MIDDLE POINT FREQUENCY
If the programmable U / f curve has been selected with the parameter 1.9, this
parameter defines the middle point frequency of the curve. See Figure 9.2.
1.13 U / F MIDDLE POINT VOLTAGE
If the programmable U / f curve has been selected with the parameter 1.9, this
parameter defines the middle point voltage of the curve. See Figure 9.2.
1.14 ZERO FREQUENCY VOLTAGE
This parameter defines the zero frequency voltage of the curve. See Figures
9.1 and 9.2.
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1.15 TORQUE BOOST
When this parameter has been activated, the voltage to the motor changes automatically with high load torque which makes the motor produce sufficient
torque to start and run at low frequencies. The voltage increase depends on
the motor type and power. Automatic torque boost can be used in applications
with high load torque, e.g. in conveyors.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Note: In high torque - low speed applications - it is likely that the motor will
overheat. If the motor has to run a prolonged time under these conditions,
special attention must be paid to cooling the motor. Use external cooling for
the motor if the temperature tends to rise too high.
Note: The best performance can be reached by running motor identification,
see par. 1.18.
1.16 SWITCHING FREQUENCY
Motor noise can be minimised using a high switching frequency. Increasing
the switching frequency reduces the capacity of the frequency converter unit.
Switching frequency for Vacon 20: 1.5…16 kHz.
1.17 BRAKE CHOPPER
Note! An internal brake chopper is installed in three phase supply MI2 and MI3
size drives.
0 = Disable (No brake chopper used)
1 = Enable: Always (Used in Run and Stop state)
2 = Enable: Run state (Brake chopper used in Run state)
WHEN THE FREQUENCY CONVERTER IS DECELERATING THE MOTOR, THE ENERGY
STORED TO THE INERTIA OF THE MOTOR AND THE LOAD ARE FED INTO AN EXTERNAL BRAKE RESISTOR, IF THE BRAKE CHOPPER HAS BEEN ACTIVATED. THIS
ENABLES THE FREQUENCY CONVERTER TO DECELERATE THE LOAD WITH A
TORQUE EQUAL TO THAT OF ACCELERATION (PROVIDED THAT THE CORRECT
BRAKE RESISTOR HAS BEEN SELECTED). SEE SEPARATE BRAKE RESISTOR INSTALLATION MANUAL.
1.19 MOTOR
IDENTIFICATION
0 = Not active
1 = Standstill identification
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When Standstill identification is selected, the drive will perform an ID-run
when it is started from selected control place. Drive has to be started within
20 seconds, otherwise identification is aborted.
The drive does not rotate the motor during Standstill identification. When ID
run is ready the drive is stopped. Drive will start normally, when the next start
command is given.
After end the identification, the drive need stop the start command. If control
place is Keypad, user need press stop button. If control place is IO,user need
put DI(Control signal) inactivate. If control place is fieldbus, user need set the
control bit to 0.
The ID run improves the torque calculations and the automatic torque boost
function. It will also result in a better slip compensation in speed control
(more accurate RPM).
The parameters below will change after ID run successfully,
a. P1.8 Motor control mode
b. P1.9 U / f ratio
c. P1.12 U / f mid point frequency
d. P1.13 U / f mid point voltage
e. P1.14 Zero freq voltage
f. P1.19 Motor identification (1->0)
g. P1.20 Rs voltage drop
Note!The nameplate data of the motor has to be set BEFORE doing ID run.
1.21 OVERVOLTAGE CONTROLLER
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled, Standard mode (Minor adjustments of OP frequency are
made)
2 = Enabled, Shock load mode (Controller adjusts OP freq. up to
max.freq.)
1.22 UNDERVOLTAGE CONTROLLER
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
These parameters allow the under-/overvoltage controllers to be switched
out of operation. This may be useful, for example, if the mains supply voltage
varies more than –15% to +10% and the application will not tolerate this over/undervoltage. In this case, the regulator controls the output frequency taking
the supply fluctuations into account.
When a value other than 0 is selected also the Closed Loop overvoltage controller becomes active (in Multi-Purpose Control application).
Note: Over-/undervoltage trips may occur when controllers are switched out
of operation.
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parameter descriptions
1.25 EFFICIENCY OPTIMIZATION
Energy optimization, the frequency converter search for the minimum current
in order to save energy and lower motor noise, 0 = disabled, 1 = enable.
1.26 I/F START ENABLE
The I/f Start function is typically used with permanent magnet motors (PM) to
start the motor with constant current control. This is useful with high power
motors in which the resistance is low and the tuning of the U/f curve difficult.
Applying the I/f Start function may also prove useful in providing sufficient
torque for the motor at startup.
Output Frequency
I/f Start Current
Motor Current
I/f Start Frequency
Time [s]
Figure 9.3: I/f Start
1.27 I/F START FREQUENCY REFERENCE LIMIT
Output frequency limit below which the defined I/f start current is fed to motor.
1.28 I/F START CURRENT REFERENCE
The current fed to the motor when the I/f start function is activated.
1.29 VOLTAGE LIMITER ENABLE
Voltage limiter function addresses problem with very high DC-link voltage ripple with 1-phase drives when fully loaded. Very high ripple in DC-link voltage
will transform to high current and torque ripple, which can disturb some users. Voltage limiter function limits maximum output voltage to bottom of DCvoltage ripple. This reduces current and torque ripple, but decreases maximum output power since voltage is limited and more current is needed.
0 = disable, 1 = enable.
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9.2 Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
2.1
REMOTE CONTROL PLACE SELECTION
With this parameter, the user can select the active control place, frequency
converter can be selected with P3.3/P3.12. The selections are:
0 = I / O terminal
1 = Fieldbus
2 = Keypad
Note: You can select control place by pressing Loc / Rem button or with par.
2.5(Local / Remote), P2.1 will have no effect in local mode.
Local = Keyp ad is the control place
Remote = Control place determined by P2.1
2.2
START FUNCTION
The user can select two start functions for Vacon 20 with this parameter:
0 = Ramp start
The frequency converter starts from 0 Hz and accelerates to the set
frequency reference within the set acceleration time (See detailed description: ID103). (Load inertia, torque or starting friction may cause
prolonged acceleration times).
1 = Flying start
The frequency converter is able to start into a running motor by applying small current pulses to motor and searching for the frequency corresponding to the speed the motor is running at. Searching starts from
the maximum frequency towards the actual frequency until the correct value is detected. Thereafter, the output frequency will be increased/decreased to the set reference value according to the set
acceleration/deceleration parameters.
Use this mode if the motor is coasting when the start command is given. With the flying start it is possible to start the motor from actual
speed without forcing the speed to zero before ramping to reference.
2.3
STOP FUNCTION
Two stop functions can be selected in this application:
0 = Coasting
The motor coasts to a halt without control from the frequency converter after the Stop command.
1 = Ramping
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After the Stop command, the speed of the motor is decelerated according to the set deceleration parameters.
If the regenerated energy is high it may be necessary to use an external braking resistor for to be able to decelerate the motor in acceptable time.
2.4
I / O START STOP LOGIC
Values 0...4 offer possibilities to control the starting and stopping of the AC
drive with digital signal connected to digital inputs. CS = Control signal.
The selections including the text 'edge' shall be used to exclude the possibility
of an unintentional start when, for example, power is connected, re-connected
after a power failure, after a fault reset, after the drive is stopped by Run Enable (Run Enable = False) or when the control place is changed to I / O control.
The Start / Stop contact must be opened before the motor can be started.
I/O stop logic uses accurate stop mode.Accurate stop mode is that the stop
time is fixed from falling edge of DI to power stopping the drive.
Selection
number
Selection name
Note
0
CS1:Forward
CS2:Backward
The functions take place when the contacts are closed.
FWD
Output
frequerty
Set
frequerty
t
0 Hz
Set
frequerty
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
start button
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Figure 9.4: Start/Stop logic, selection 0
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Explanations
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 8
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which
drops the frequency to 0.The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
2
If start forward signal [CS1] and start
reverse signal [CS2] are active simultaneously, there is alarm 55 in LCD panel
when P13.23 FWD/REV conflict supervision=1.
Run enable signal is set to TRUE, which
causes the frequency to rise towards the
set frequency because CS1 is still active.
3
CS1 is inactivated which caused the
10 Keypad stop button is pressed and the
direction to start changing (FWD to REV)
frequency fed to the motor drops to
because CS2 is still active, and alarm 55
0.(This signal only works if Par. 2.7 [Keyshould be disappeared in a while time.
pad stop button] = 1)
4
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to 11 The drive starts through pushing the
the motor drops to 0.
Start button on the keypad.
5
CS2 actives again causing the motor to
accelerate (REV) towards the set frequency.
6
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to 13 The attempt to start the drive through
the motor drops to 0.
pushing the Start button is not successful because CS1 is inactive.
7
CS1 actives and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency.
9
12 The keypad stop button is pushed again
to stop the drive. (This signal only works
if Par. 2.7 [Keypad stop button] = 1)
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Selection
number
parameter descriptions
Selection name
Note
CS1:Forward(edge)
CS2:Inverted stop
1
FWD
Output
frequerty
Set
frequerty
t
0 Hz
Set
frequerty
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Figure 9.5: Start/Stop logic, selection 1
Explanations
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 6
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
CS1 activates and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency
because the Run enable signal has been
set to TRUE.
2
CS2 inactivates causing the frequency to 7
drop to 0.
Keypad stop button is pressed and the
frequency fed to the motor drops to
0.(This signal only works if Par.2.7 [Keypad stop button] = 1)
3
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward.
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward.
4
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which 9
drops the frequency to 0. The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
5
Start attempt with CS1 is not successful
because Run enable signal is still
FALSE.
8
CS2 inactivates causing the frequency to
drop to 0.
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Selection
number
2
FWD
vacon
• 109
Selection name
Note
CS1:Forward(edge)
CS2:Backward(edge)
Shall be used to exclude the possibility of an
unintentional start. The Start / Stop contact must
be opened before the motor can be restarted.
Output
frequerty
Set
frequerty
t
0 Hz
Set
frequerty
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Figure 9.6: Start/Stop logic, selection 2
Explanations:
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 7
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which
drops the frequency to 0.The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
2
If start forward signal [CS1] and start
8
reverse signal [CS2] are active simultaneously, there is alarm 55 in LCD panel when
P13.23 FWD/REV conflict supervision=1.
CS1 activates and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency
because the Run enable signal has been
set to TRUE.
3
CS1 is inactivated the motor is still
stopped though CS2 is still active, and
alarm 55 should be disappeared in a
while time.
9
Keypad stop button is pressed and the
frequency fed to the motor drops to
0.(This signal only works if Par.2.7 [Keypad stop button] = 1)
4
CS2 activates again causing the motor to
accelerate (REV) towards the set frequency.
10 CS1 is opened and closed again which
causes the motor to start.
5
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to 11 CS1 inactivates and the frequency fed to
the motor drops to 0.
the motor drops to 0.
6
CS1 activates and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency.
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Selection
number
parameter descriptions
Selection name
Note
CS1:Start
CS2:Reverse
3
FWD
Output
frequerty
Set
frequerty
t
0 Hz
Set
frequerty
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
start button
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Figure 9.7: Start/Stop logic, selection 3
Explanations:
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 7
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which
drops the frequency to 0.The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
2
CS2 activates which causes the direction 8
to start changing (FWD to REV).
Run enable signal is set to TRUE, which
causes the frequency to rise towards the
set frequency because CS1 is still active.
3
CS2 is inactivated which causes the
9
direction to start changing (REV to FWD)
because CS1 is still active.
Keypad stop button is pressed and the
frequency fed to the motor drops to
0.(This signal only works if Par.2.7 [Keypad stop button] = 1)
4
Also CS1 inactivates and the frequency
drops to 0.
10 The drive starts through pushing the
Start button on the keypad.
5
Despite the activates of CS2,the motor
does not start because CS1 is inactive.
11 The drive is stopped again with the Stop
button on the Keypad.
6
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward because CS2 is inactive.
12 The attempt to start the drive through
pushing the Start button is not successful because CS1 is inactive.
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vacon
Selection
number
Selection name
Note
4
CS1:Start(edge)
CS2:Reverse
Shall be used to exclude the possibility of an unintentional start. The Start / Stop contact must be
opened before the motor can be restarted.
FWD
Output
frequerty
Set
frequerty
t
0 Hz
Set
frequerty
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Figure 9.8: Start/Stop logic, selection 4
Explanations:
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 7
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward because CS2 is inactive..
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which
drops the frequency to 0.The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
2
CS2 activates which causes the direction 8
to start changing (FWD to REV).
Before a successful start can take place,
CS1 must be opened and closed again.
3
CS2 is inactivated which causes the
9
direction to start changing (REV to FWD)
because CS1 is still active.
Keypad stop button is pressed and the
frequency fed to the motor drops to
0.(This signal only works if Par.2.7 [Keypad stop button] = 1)
4
Also CS1 inactivates and the frequency
drops to 0.
10 Before a successful start can take place,
CS1 must be opened and closed again.
5
Despite the activation of CS2, the motor
does not start because CS1 is inactive.
11 CS1 inactivates and the frequency drops
to 0.
6
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward because CS2 is inactive.
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2.5
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parameter descriptions
LOCAL / REMOTE
This parameter defines whether the control place of the drive is remote (I / O
or FieldBus) or local.
0 = Remote Control
1 = Local Control
The priority order of selecting control place is
1. PC control from Vacon live operation window
2. Loc / Rem button
3. Forced from I / O terminal
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9.3 Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
3.3
REMOTE CONTROL PLACE FREQUENCY REFERENCE SELECTION
It defines the selected frequency reference source when the drive is remote
control. A second reference source is programmable in par. 3.12.
1 = Preset speed 0
2 = Keypad reference
3 = Fieldbus Reference
4 = AI1
5 = AI2
6 = PID
7 = AI1+AI2
8 = Motor potentiometer
9 = Pulse train / Encoder
3.4 - 3.11 PRESET SPEEDS 0 - 7
Preset speed 0 is used as frequency reference when P3.3 = 1.
Preset speeds 1 - 7 can be used to determine frequency references that are
applied when appropriate combinations of digital inputs are activated. Preset
speeds can be activated from digital inputs despite of the active control place.
Parameter values are automatically limited between the minimum and maximum frequencies. (par. 3.1, 3.2).
Speed
Preset
speed B2
Preset
speed B1
Preset
speed B0
Preset speed 1
x
Preset speed 2
x
Preset speed 3
x
Preset speed 4
x
Preset speed 5
x
Preset speed 6
x
x
Preset speed 7
x
x
x
x
x
Table 9.1: Preset speeds 1 - 7
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3.13 MOTOR
POTENTIOMETER RAMP
3.14 MOTOR
POTENTIOMETER RESET
P3.13 is the speed variation ramp when motor potentiometer reference is increased or decreased.
P3.14 tells under which circumstances the potentiometers reference should
be reset and start over from 0 Hz.
0 = No Reset
1 = Reset if stopped
2 = Reset if powered down
P5.12 and P5.13 sets which digital inputs increase and decrease the motor potentiometers reference.
y/x =
Max Frequency
P
Motor potentiometer ramp
P
y
x
P
Min Frequency
Frequency
Reference
I/O
Motor potentiometer up
I/O
Motor potentiometer down
time
Figure 9.9: The change of motor potentiometers reference
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9.4 Ramps & brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
4.1
RAMP S-SHAPE
The start and end of the acceleration and deceleration ramp can be smoothed
with this parameter. Setting value 0 gives a linear ramp shape which causes
acceleration and deceleration to act immediately to the changes in the reference signal.
Setting value 0.1…10 seconds for this parameter produces an S-shaped acceleration/deceleration. The acceleration and deceleration times are determined
with parameters 4.2 and 4.3.
[Hz]
P4.2, 4.3
P4.1
P4.1
[t]
Figure 9.10: S-shaped acceleration/deceleration
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
ACCELERATION TIME 1
DECELERATION TIME 1
RAMP S-SHAPE 2
ACCELERATION TIME 2
DECELERATION TIME 2
These limits correspond to the time required for the output frequency to accelerate from the zero frequency to the set maximum frequency, or to decelerate from the set maximum frequency to zero frequency.
The user can set two different acceleration/deceleration time and set two different ramp s-shape for one application.The active set can be selected with
the selected digital input (par. 5.11).
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4.7
• vacon
parameter descriptions
FLUX BRAKING
Instead of DC braking, flux braking is a useful form of braking with motors of
max. 15 kW.
When braking is needed, the frequency is reduced and the flux in the motor is
increased, which in turn increases the motor's capability to brake. Unlike DC
braking, the motor speed remains controlled during braking.
0 = Off
1 = Deceleration
2 = Chopper
3 = Full Mode
Note: Flux braking converts the energy into heat at the motor, and should be
used intermittently to avoid motor damage.
4.10 STOP DC
CURRENT TIME
Determines if braking is ON or OFF and the braking time of the DC-brake
when the motor is stopping. The function of the DC-brake depends on the stop
function, par. 2.3.
0 = DC brake is not active
>0 = DC brake is active and its function depends on the Stop function,
(par. 2.3). The DC braking time is determined with this parameter.
Par. 2.3 = 0 (Stop function = Coasting):
After the stop command, the motor coasts to a stop without control from the
frequency converter.
With the DC injection, the motor can be electrically stopped in the shortest
possible time, without using an optional external braking resistor.
The braking time is scaled by the frequency when the DC-braking starts. If the
frequency is greater, or equal to the nominal frequency of the motor, the set
value of parameter 4.10 determines the braking time. When the frequency is
10% of the nominal, the braking time is 10% of the set value of parameter 4.10.
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parameter descriptions
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• 117
fout
fn
fn
Output frequency
Motor speed
Output frequency
Motor speed
0,1 x f n
DC-braking ON
DC-braking ON
t
t
t = 0,1 x par. 4.10
t = 1 x par. 4.10
RUN
RUN
STOP
STOP
Figure 9.11: DC-braking time when Stop mode = Coasting
Par. 2.3 = 1 (Stop function = Ramp):
After the Stop command, the speed of the motor is reduced according to the
set deceleration parameters, if the inertia of the motor and load allows that,
to the speed defined with parameter 4.11, where the DC-braking starts.
The braking time is defined with parameter 4.10. See Figure 9.12.
fout
Motor speed
Output frequency
DC-braking
Par. 4.1 1
t
t = par. 4.10
RUN
STOP
Figure 9.12: DC-braking time when Stop mode = Ramp
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parameter descriptions
4.11 STOP DC CURRENT FREQUENCY
It is the output frequency at which the DC-braking is applied.
4.12 START DC CURRENT TIME
DC-brake is activated when the start command is given. This parameter de
fines the time for how long DC current is fed to motor before acceleration
starts. After the brake is released, the output frequency increases according
to the set start function by par. 2.2.
Output
frequency
DC-brakin g
current
Par 4.9
t
Pa r4.12
RUN
STOP
Figure 9.13: DC braking time at start
4.15 EXTERNAL
BRAKE:
OPEN
DELAY
4.16 EXTERNAL
BRAKE:
OPEN
FREQUENCY LIMIT
4.17 EXTERNAL
BRAKE:
CLOSE
FREQUENCY LIMIT
4.18 EXTERNAL
BRAKE:
CLOSE
FREQUENCY LIMIT IN REVERSE
4.19 EXTERNAL BRAKE: OPEN / CLOSE CURRENT LIMIT
External brake control is used for controlling a mechanical brake on the motor by digital / relay output by selecting value 17 for parameters P8.1, P8.2 or
P8.3. Brake is closed while relay is open and vice versa.
Opening brake conditions:
There are three different conditions for opening the brake, all must be true, if
used.
1. The Open frequency limit (P4.16) must be reached.
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2. When the Opening frequency limit has been reached the Open delay (P4.15)
must also elapse. Note! The output frequency is held at the Open frequency
limit until this.
3. When the two previous conditions are reached. The brake will open if the
output current is higher than the current limit.(P4.19)
Notice that any of the previous conditions can be left out by setting their values to zero.
Output Frequency
Actual
Reference
1
P
2
Open Frequency Limit
P
Time
Open delay
External Brake
3
Relay open
Brake
closed
1 = Open frequency Limit reached
Brake open
Relay
closed
2 = Open delay elapsed
3 = Brake opens ifExternal Brake:Current limitis exceeded.
Figure 9.14: Starting / opening sequence with external brake
Closing brake conditions:
There are 2 conditions for closing the brake again. It’s enough that one is true
for the brake to close.
1. If there is no run command active and output frequency goes below Close
frequency limit (P4.17) or Close frequency limit in reverse (P4.18), depending on direction of rotation.
OR
2. Output current has gone below Current limit.(P4.19)
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9.5 Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
These parameters are programmed using the FTT-method (Function To Terminal), where you have a fixed input or output that you define a certain function for. You can also define more than one function to a digital input, e.g. Start
signal 1 and Preset Speed B1 to DI1.
The selections for these parameters are:
0 = Not used
1 = DI1
2 = DI2
3 = DI3
4 = DI4
5 = DI5
6 = DI6
5.1
I/O
CTRL SIGNAL
1
5.2
I / O CTRL SIGNAL 2
P5.1 and P5.2 : See P2.4 (I/O start stop logic) for function
5.3
REVERSE
The digital input only active when P2.4 (I/O Start stop logic) =1
The motor will run in reverse when the rising edge of P5.3 is happened.
5.11 RAMP TIME 2 SELECTION
Contact open: Acceleration / Deceleration time 1 and Ramp S-shape
selected
Contact closed: Acceleration / Deceleration time 2 and Ramp S-shape2
selected
Set Acceleration / Deceleration time with parameters 4.2 and 4.3 and the alternative Acceleration / Deceleration time with 4.4 and 4.5.
Set Ramp S-shape with Par. 4.1 and the alternative Ramp S-shape2 with
Par. 4.4

5.16 PID SETPOINT 2
Digital input high activates setpoint 2 (P15.3), when P15.1=0.
5.17 MOTOR PREHEAT ACTIVE
Digital input high activates the Motor preheat function (if P16.1 = 2) which
feeds DC-Current to the motor in stop state.
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9.6 Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
6.3
6.4
6.6
AI1 CUSTOM MAXIMUM
AI1 FILTER TIME
AI2 CUSTOM MINIMUM
6.7
AI2 CUSTOM MAXIMUM
These parameters set the analogue input signal for any input signal span from
minimum to maximum.
6.8
AI2 FILTER TIME
This parameter, given a value greater than 0, activates the function that filters
out disturbances from the incoming analogue signal.
Long filtering time makes the regulation response slower. See Figure 9.15.
%
Unfiltered signal
100%
Filtered signal
63%
t [s]
Par. 6.4
Par. 6.8
Figure 9.15: AI1 and AI2 signal filtering
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9.7 Pulse train / Encoder (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P7)
7.1
7.2
MIN PULSE FREQUENCY
MAX PULSE FREQUENCY
Minimum and maximum pulse frequency correspond to a signal value of 0% and
100% respectively. Frequencies over Max pulse frequency are handled as constant
100% and below Min pulse frequency as constant 0%. The signal value of range 0 100% is shown in monitor value V2.7 and can be used as PID Controller feedback, or
scaled to frequency with parameters P7.3 and P7.4, and used as frequency reference.
7.3
7.4
FREQ REF AT MIN PULSE FREQUENCY
FREQ REF AT MAX PULSE FREQUENCY
Pulse train/Encoder signal with range 0-100% and scaled by parameter P7.1
and P7.2, which can be used as frequency reference by telling what frequency
corresponds to 0% and 100% with parameters P7.3 and P7.4 respectively.
Then it can be selected as frequency reference for Remote control place.
7.5
ENCODER DIRECTION
It is possible to also take direction information from the encoder.
0 = Disable
1= Enable/Normal
2 = Enable/Inverted
7.6
ENCODER PULSES / REVOLUTION
Encoder pulses per revolution can be set in case an encoder is used, which is
used to record the count of encoder per round. In this case monitor value V2.8
will show the actual rpm of the encoder.
Maximum pulse frequency is 10 kHz. It means that a 256 pulse per round encoder would allow shaft speeds up to 2300 rpm. (60*10000/256 = 2343)
7.7
CONFIG DI5 AND DI6
0 = DI5 and DI6 are for normal digital input
1 = DI6 is for pulse train
2 = DI5 and DI6 are for encoder frequency mode
When using pulse train / encoder input, the DI5 and
DI6 has to be set to - Not Used
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Note! If use the encoder function have to do 2 steps:
1) Set the parameter to change normal DI to Encoder in menu firstly.
2) Then push down the DI switch for encoder function.
otherwise F51 occur.
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9.8 Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
8.1
8.2
8.3
RO1 SIGNAL SELECTION
RO2 SIGNAL SELCETION
DO1 SIGNAL SELCETION
Setting
0 = Not used
1 = Ready
2 = Run
3 = Fault
4 = Fault inverted
Signal content
Output is not in operation.
The frequency converter is ready to operate.
The frequency converter operates (motor is running).
A fault trip has occurred.
A fault trip has not occurred.
5 = Warning
A warning is active.
6 = Reversed
The reverse command has been selected, output frequency to the motor is negative.
7 = At speed
The output frequency has reached the set reference.
8 = Motor regulator active
Each of Motor regulator is active (e.g., over current
regulator, over voltage regulator, under voltage regulator, etc.)
9 = FB Control Word.B13
Output can be controlled with B13 in the fieldbus control
word.
10 = FB Control Word.B14
Output can be controlled with B14 in the fieldbus control
word.
11 = FB Control Word.B15
Output can be controlled with B15 in the fieldbus control
word.
12 = Output frequency superv.
13 = Output torque superv.
14 = Unit temperature superv.
15 = Analogue input superv.
16 = Preset Speed Active
Output frequency is over / under the limits, set with
parameters P12.1 and P12.2.
Motor torque is over/under the limit, se t with parameter
P12.3 and P12.4
Unit temperature is over / under the limits, set with
parameters P12.5 and P12.6.
Analogue inputs set with parameter P12.7 is over / under
the limits, set in P12.8 and P12.9.
Each of preset speeds are activated.
17 = External Brake control
External Brake control. Closed = Brake open,
Open = Brake closed.
18 = Keypad control active
Keypad is set as the current control place.
19 = I / O control active
I / O is set as the current control place.
Table 9.2: Output signals via RO1, RO2 and DO1
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9.9 Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
9.1
ANALOG OUTPUT SIGNAL SELECTION
0 = Not used
1 = Output frequency (0 - fmax)
2 = Output current (0 - InMotor)
3 = Motor torque (0 - TnMotor)
4 = PID output (0 - 100%)
5 = Frequency reference (0 - fmax)
6 = Motor speed (0 - nmax)
7 = Motor power (0 - PnMotor)
8 = Voltage (0 - UnMotor)
9 = DC-link Voltage (0 - 1000V)
10 = Process Data In1 (0 - 10000)
11 = Process Data In2 (0 - 10000)
12 = Process Data In3 (0 - 10000)
13 = Process Data In4 (0 - 10000)
14 = Test 100%
9.2
ANALOG OUTPUT MINIMUM
0 = 0 V / 0 mA
1 = 2 V / 4 mA
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9.10 Fieldbus Data-Mapping (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P10)
10.1 FB DATA OUT 1 SELECTION
Parameter couples read only variables to output process data 1.
0 = Frequency reference
1 = Output reference
2 = Motor speed
3 = Motor current
4 = Motor voltage
5 = Motor torque
6 = Motor power
7 = DC link voltage
8 = Active fault code
9 = Analogue AI1
10 = Analogue AI2
11 = Digital input state
12 = PID feedback value
13 = PID setpoint
14 = Pulse train / encoder input(%)
15 = Pulse train / encoder pulse()

10.9 AUX CW DATA IN SELECTION
Parameter defines the input process data coupled to Aux Control Word.
0 = Not used
1 = PDI1
2 = PDI2
3 = PDI3
4 = PDI4
5 = PDI5
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9.11 Prohibited Frequencies (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P11)
11.1 PROHIBIT
FREQUENCY RANGE
1: LOW
11.2 PROHIBIT
FREQUENCY RANGE
1: HIGH
11.3 PROHIBIT
FREQUENCY RANGE
2: LOW
LIMIT
LIMIT
LIMIT
11.4 PROHIBIT FREQUENCY RANGE 2: HIGH LIMIT
Two skip frequency regions are available if there is a need to avoid certain frequencies because of e.g. mechanical resonance. In this case the actual frequency reference sent to the motor control will be kept out of these ranges
according to the example below, where one range is in use.
Actual Reference
High Lim
Low Lim
Low Lim
High Lim
Requested Reference
Figure 9.16: Frequency Range
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9.12 Protections (Control panel:Menu Par->P13)
13.5 STALL PROTECTION
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault, stop function
3 = Fault, coast
The motor stall protection protects the motor from short time overload situations such as one caused by a stalled shaft. The reaction time of the stall protection can be set shorter than that of motor thermal protection. The stall
state is defined with two parameters, P13.11 (Stall current) and P13.13 (Stall
frequency limit). If the current is higher than the set limit and the output frequency is lower than the set limit the stall state is true. There is actually no
real indication of the shaft rotation. Stall protection is a type of over current
protection.
13.6 UNDER LOAD PROTECTION
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault, stop function
3 = Fault, coast
The purpose of the motor underload protection is to ensure that there is load
on the motor when the drive is running. If the motor loses its load there might
be a problem in the process, e.g. a broken belt or a dry pump.
Motor underload protection can be adjusted by setting the underload curve
with parameters P13.14 (Underload protection: Field weakening area load)
and P13.15 (Underload protection: Zero frequency load), see the figure below.
The underload curve is a squared curve set between the zero frequency and
the field weakening point. The protection is not active below 5Hz (the underload time counter is stopped).
The torque values for setting the underload curve are set in percentage which
refers to the nominal torque of the motor. The motor's name plate data, parameter motor nominal current and the drive's nominal current IL are used to
find the scaling ratio for the internal torque value. If other than nominal motor
is used with the drive, the accuracy of the torque calculation decreases.
The default parameter value of the underload protection time limit is 20 seconds, which is the maximum time allowed for an underload state to exist before causing a trip according to this parameter.
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To rq ue
U n derloa d cu rv e at
Feild weakening point,
P13.14(default)=50%
U n derloa d curve at
ze ro fre q. P13.15= 10%
U nd e rlo ad a re a
f
5 Hz
Fi eld w ea ken in g
po in t , P1 .11
Figure 9.17: Underload protection
13.7 MOTOR THERMAL PROTECTION
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault, stop function
3 = Fault, coast
If tripping is selected the drive will stop and activate the fault stage, if the temperature of the motor becomes too high. Deactivating the protection, i.e. setting parameter to 0, will reset the thermal model of the motor to 0%.
The motor thermal protection is to protect the motor from overheating. The drive is
capable of supplying higher than nominal current to the motor. If the load requires
this high current there is a risk that the motor will be thermally overloaded. This is
the case especially at low frequencies. At low frequencies the cooling effect of the
motor is reduced as well as its capacity. If the motor is equipped with an external fan
the load reduction at low speeds is small.
The motor thermal protection is based on a calculated model and it uses the output
current of the drive to determine the load on the motor.
The motor thermal protection can be adjusted with parameters. The thermal current
IT specifies the load current above which the motor is overloaded. This current limit
is a function of the output frequency.
The thermal stage of the motor can be monitored on the control keypad display.
CAUTION! The calculated model does not protect the motor if
the airflow to the motor is reduced by blocked air intake grill.
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NOTE! To comply with UL 508C requirements motor over-temperature sensing is required at installation if the parameter is set to 0.
Note: If you use long motor cables (max. 100m) together with small drives
(<=1.5 kW) the motor current measured by the drive can be much higher than
the actual motor current due to capacitive currents in the motor cable. Consider this when setting up the motor thermal protection functions.
13.8 MTP:AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
When the motor ambient temperature must be taken into consideration, it is
recommended to set a value for this parameter. The value can be set between
-20 and 100 degrees Celsius.
13.9 MTP:ZERO SPEED COOLING
Defines the cooling factor at zero speed in relation to the point where the motor is running at nominal speed without external cooling. The default value is
set assuming that there is no external fan cooling the motor. If an external fan
is used this parameter can be set to 90% (or even higher).
If you change the parameter P1.4 (Motor nominal current), this parameter is
automatically restored to the default value.Setting this parameter does not affect the maximum output current of the drive which is determined by parameter P1.7 alone.
The corner frequency for the thermal protection is 70% of the motor nominal
frequency(P1.2).
The cooling power can be set between 0 - 150.0% x cooling power at nominal
frequency. See Figure 9.18.
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P
cooling
Overload area
100%
IT
P13.9=40%
0
Corner freq f n
f
Figure 9.18: Motor thermal current IT curve
13.10 MTP:THERMAL TIME CONSTANT
This time can be set between 1 and 200 minutes.
This is the thermal time constant of the motor. The bigger the frame and/or
slower the speed of the motor, the longer the time constants. The time constant is the time within which the calculated thermal model has reached 63%
of its final value.
The motor thermal time is specific to the motor design and it varies between
different motor manufacturers.
If the motor's t6-time (t6 is the time in seconds the motor can safely operate
at six times the rated current) is known (given by the motor manufacturer) the
time constant parameter can be set basing on it. As a rule of thumb, the motor
thermal time constant in minutes equals to 2 x t6. If the drive is in stop state
the time constant is internally increased to three times the set parameter value. See also Figure 9.19.
The cooling in stop stage is based on convection and the time constant is increased.
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Motor temperature
Trip area
105%
Motor
current
Fault/w arning
activation point,
if selected w ith
par. 13 .7
I/IT
Time cons tantT*)
Motor temperature Q = (I/IT)2 x (1-e-t/T )
Time
*) Changes by motor size and
adjusted with parameter 13. 10
Figure 9.19: Motor temperature calculation
P13.11 STALL CURRENT
The current can be set to 0.0…2xINunit.For a stall stage to occur, the current
must have exceeded this limit. If parameter P1.7 Motor current limit is
changed, this parameter is automatically calculated to 90% of the current limit. See Figure 9.20.
NOTE! In order to guarantee desired operation, this limit must be set below
the current limit.
I
100K34.fh11
Stall area
Par. P3.9.12
f
Par. P3.9.14
Figure 9.20: Stall current
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P13.12 STALL TIME
This time can be set between 0.00 and 300.00s.
This is the maximum time allowed for a stall stage. The stall time is counted
by an internal up/down counter.
If the stall time counter value goes above this limit the protection will cause a
trip (see P13.5).See Figure 9.21.
Stall time counter
Trip area
Par.13.12
Trip/warning
Par. 13.5
Time
Stall
No stall
Figure 9.21: Stall time calculation
P13.14 UNDERLOAD PROTECTION: FIELD WEAKENING AREA LOAD
The torque limit can be set between 10.0-150.0 % x TnMotor.
This parameter gives the value for the minimum torque allowed when the output frequency is above the field weakening point. If you change parameter P1.4
(Motor nominal current) this parameter is automatically restored to the default value.
P13.16 UNDERLOAD PROTECTION: TIME LIMIT
This time can be set between 2.0 and 600.0 s.
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This is the maximum time allowed for an underload state to exist. An internal
up/down counter counts the accumulated underload time. If the underload
counter value goes above this limit the protection will cause a trip according
to parameter P13.6). If the drive is stopped the underload counter is reset to
zero. See Figure 9.22.
Underload time counter
Trip area
Par.13.16
Trip/warning
Par.13.6
Time
Underload
No underl.
Figure 9.22: underload counter
13.28 INPUT PHASE FAULT
0: No action
1: Alarm
2: Fault: Stop function
3: Fault: Coast
13.29 MOTOR
TEMPERATURE MEMORY MODE
0 = disabled
1 = constant mode
2 = last value mode
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9.13 Automatic reset (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14)
14.1 AUTOMATIC RESET
Activate the Automatic reset after fault with this parameter.
NOTE: Automatic reset is allowed for certain faults only.
Fault: 1. Under voltage
2. Over voltage
3. Over current
4. Motor over temperature
5. Under load
14.3 TRIAL TIME
The Automatic restart function restarts the frequency converter when the
faults have disappeared and the waiting time has elapsed.
The time count starts from the first auto reset. If the number of faults occurring during the trial time exceeds trail number (the value of P14.4), the fault
state becomes active. Otherwise the fault is cleared after the trial time has
elapsed and the next fault starts the trial time count again. See Figure 9.23.
If a single fault remains during the trial time, a fault state is true.
Wait t ime
pa r.1 4.2
Wait time
pa r.1 4.2
Wait t ime
pa r.1 4.2
Fault trigger
Motor stop signal
Restart 1
Restart 2
Motor start signal
Supervis ion
Trial time
par.14.3
Fault active
RESET /
Fault reset
Autoreset function: (Trials = 2)
Figure 9.23: Example of Automatic restarts with two restarts
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9.14 PID control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
15.5 FEEDBACK VALUE MINIMUM
15.6 FEEDBACK VALUE MAXIMUM
This parameter sets the minimum and maximum scaling points for feedback
value.
Controller
feedback
(%)
par. 15.6
par. 15.5
0V
0 mA
Custom min
par. 6.2 /6.6
Custom max
par. 6.3 /6.7
10V
20mA
Analogue input
with custom
min and max
scaling (%)
Figure 9.24: Feedback minimum and maximum
15.7 P GAIN
This parameter defines the gain of the PID controller. If the value of the parameter is set to 100%, a change of 10% in the error value causes the controller output to change by 10%.
15.8 PID CONTROLLER I-TIME
This parameter defines the integration time of the PID controller. If this parameter is set to 1,00 second, the controller output is changed by a value corresponding to the output caused from the gain every second. (Gain*Error)/s.
15.9 PID CONTROLLER D-TIME
This parameter defines the derivative time of the PID controller. If this parameter is set to 1,00 second, a change of 10% in the error value causes the controller output to change by 10%.
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15.11 SLEEP
MIN FREQUENCY
15.12 SLEEP
DELAY
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15.13 WAKE-UP ERROR
This function will put the drive into sleep mode if the frequency stays below the
sleep limit for a longer time than that set with the Sleep Delay (P15.12). This
means that the start command remains on, but the run request is turned off.
When the actual value goes below, or above, the wake-up error depending on
the set acting mode the drive will activate the run request again if the start
command is still on.
Actual value
Wake up error
P15.13
Sleep delay
Frequency
P15.12
Sleep min
frequency
P15.11
Regulating mode
Sleep
Regulating mode
Figure 9.25: Sleep min frequency, Sleep delay,Wake-up error
15.14 SLEEP
SETPOINT BOOST
15.15 SETPOINT
15.16 SLEEP
BOOST TIME
MAX LOSS
15.17 SLEEP LOSS CHECK TIME
These parameters manage a more complex sleep sequence. After the time in
P15.12, the setpoint is increased of the term in P15.14, for the time in P15.15.
This will cause a higher output frequency.
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Frequency reference is then forced at minimum frequency and the feedback
value is sampled.
If the variation on the feedback value stays then lower than P15.16 for the time
in P15.17, the drive will enter sleep condition.
If this sequence is not needed, then program P15.14 = 0%, P15.15 = 0 s, P15.16
= 50%, P15.17 = 1 s.
15.18 PROCESS UNIT SOURCE SELECTION
Monitor V4.5 can show a process value, proportional to a variable measured
by the drive. Source variables are:
0 = PID feedback value (max: 100%)
1 = Output frequency (max: fmax)
2 = Motor speed (max: nmax)
3 = Motor torque (max: Tnom)
4 = Motor power (max: Pnom)
5 = Motor current (max: Inom)
6 = Pulse train/ Encoder (max: 100%)
15.19 PROCESS UNIT DECIMAL DIGITS
Number of decimals shown on monitor V4.5.
15.20 PROCESS UNIT MIN VALUE
Value shown on V4.5 when source variable is at its minimum.Proportionality
is kept if source overtakes the minimum.
15.21 PROCESS UNIT MAX VALUE
Value shown on V4.5 when source variable is at its maximum. Proportionality
is kept if source overtakes the maximum.
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9.15 Application setting (Control panel: Menu PAR->P17)
17.1 DRIVE SETUP
With this parameter you can easily set up your drive for four different applications.
Note! This parameter is only visible when the Startup Wizard is active. The
startup wizard will start in first power-up. It can also be started by setting SYS
P4.2=1. See the figures below.
NOTE! Running the startup wizard will always return all parameter
settings to their factory defaults!
NOTE! StartUp-Wizard can be skipped after pressing STOP button
continuously for 30 seconds
READY
RUN
STO P ALARM
FAU LT
REF
REF
MON
MON
PAR
PAR
SYS
READY
RUN
FWD
REV
S TO P ALARM
FAU LT
SYS
FWD
REV
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
OK
1
Enter Pa r. menu, select
P1.3 motor nominal speed
READY
RUN
S TO P ALARM
2
Press OK enter
edit mode
READY
FAU LT
REF
REF
MON
MON
RUN
S TO P ALARM
FAU LT
PAR
PAR
rpm
SYS
FWD
REV
I/O
KEY PAD
SYS
BUS
FWD
REV
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
OK
3 Change P1.3 value
with Up/Down button
and press OK to
comfirm
4
Perform the same
procedure for P1.4,
motor nominal current
Figure 9.26: Startup wizard
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READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
MON
MON
MON
PAR
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
SYS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
OK
1
Startup wizard
showns par 17.1
numbe r.
2
Press OK to enter
edit mode.
Select between
0-3, see below!
3
Selections:
0 = Basic
P1.7
P1.8
P1.15
P2.2
P2.3
P3.1
P4.2
P4.3
1,5 x
0=
Frequecny
control
0=
Not
used
0=
Ramp
0=
Coast
0 Hz
3s
3s
0=
Frequecny
control
0=
Not
used
0=
Ramp
1=
Ramp
20 Hz
5s
5s
0=
Frequecny
control
0=
Not
used
1=
Flying
0=
Coast
20 Hz
20s
20s
1=Open
loop speed
ontrol
1=
used
0=
Ramp
0=
Coast
0 Hz
1s
1s
INMOT
1,1 x
1 = Pump drive
INMOT
1,1 x
2 = Fan drive
INMOT
3 = High Torque drive
Parameters
affected:
1,5 x
INMOT
P1.7 Current limit (A)
P1.8 Motor control mode
P1.15 Torque boost
P2.2 Start function
P2.3
P3.1
P4.2
P4.3
Stop function
Min frequency
Acc. time (s)
Dec time (s)
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
MON
PAR
SYS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
OK
4
Press OK to
confirm
drive setup
Figure 9.27: Drive setup
17.4 APPLICATION
ACCESS PASSWORD
Input the right password could review parameter group 18.
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9.16 System parameter
4.3 PASSWORD
VACON20 API provides password function that is used when changing parameter value.
Inside PAR or SYS menu the selected parameter symbol and its value are alternating in the display. The single OK button pressing causes entering to the
parameter value change mode.
If password protection is ON, user is asked to enter the right password (defined with parameter P4.3) and press OK button before editing value is possible. The password consists of four digit numbers, factory default value is 0000
= Password Disabled. Editing of all the parameters (including System parameters) is prohibited if the correct password has not been entered. If wrong
password is entered, pressing OK button causes return to the main level.
Password Parameters:
VACON20 API has one password parameter P4.3 "Password";
Parameter P4.3 is a 4 digit number. Factory default will be 0000 = Password
disabled;
Any other value than 0000 will enable the password and it is not possible
tochange parameters. In this status all parameters are visible;
When navigate to Parameter P4.3, show “PPPP” as a parameter value if password has been set.
Activating a password:
Navigate to Parameter P4.3;
Press OK button;
Cursor (lowest horizontal segment) of the very left digit flashes;
Select first digit of password by using UP and DOWN key;
Press RIGHT button;
Cursor of the second digit flashes;
Select second digit of password by using UP and DOWN key;
Press RIGHT button;
Cursor of the third digit flashes;
Select third digit of password by using UP and DOWN key;
Press RIGHT button;
Cursor of the fourth digit flashes;
Select fourth digit by using UP and DOWN key;
Press OK button --> the cursor of the first digit flashes;
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Repeat insertion of password;
Press OK button --> password is locked;
In case of different values for the two passwords: display Fault;
Press OK button --> repeat password a second time;
To interrupt insertion of Password --> Press BACK / RES.
Disabling a password:
Insert the actual password --> Press OK --> Password is automatically set to
0000;
All parameters can then freely be changed;
To enable password again --> see ‘Activating a password’ procedure.
Change of one parameter:
User tries to change a parameter value when password is enabled --> display
PW;
Press OK button;
Cursor (lowest horizontal segment) of the very left digit flashes;
Select first digit of password by using UP and DOWN key;
Press RIGHT button;
Cursor of the second digit flashes;
Select second digit of password by using UP and DOWN key;
Press RIGHT button;
Cursor of the third digit flashes;
Select third digit of password by using UP and DOWN key;
Press RIGHT button;
Cursor of the fourth digit flashes;
Select fourth digit by using UP and DOWN key;
Press OK button;
Current value of parameter to be changed will be display;
Change parameter value as normal;
Press OK --> New parameter value will be stored and Password is enabled
again;
For changing another parameter the procedure has to be repeated;
In the case of wanting to change multiple parameters it is of advantage to set
P4.3 to 0000;
After the change of the parameter values password has to be activated again;
Forgotten password:
Follow procedure "Disabling a password" and select 6020 as actual password.
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9.17 Modbus RTU
Vacon 20 has a built-in Modbus RTU bus interface. The signal level of the interface
is in accordance with the RS-485 standard.
The built-in Modbus connection of Vacon 20 supports the following function codes:
Function
code
Function name
Broadcast
messages
Address
03
Read Holding Registers
All ID numbers
04
Read Input Registers
All ID numbers
No
No
06
Write Single Registers
All ID numbers
Yes
16
Write multiple registers
All ID numbers
Yes
Table 9.3: Modbus RTU
9.17.1 Termination resistor
The RS-485 bus is terminated with termination resistors of 120 ohms in both ends.
Vacon 20 has a built-in termination resistor which is switched off as a default (presented below). The termination resistor can be switched on and off with the right
hand dip switch located above IO-terminals in the front of the drive (see below).
3
15
6
16
7
18
8
9
R13 R14
22
20
*
26
25
10
A
B
DI
Enco Nor
+10VAI1 GND 24V DI-C DI1 DI2 DI3
J500
ON
R24
23
24
R21 R22
AI2
mA
2
14
V
1
13
AO
mA
5
V
4
RS485
- term
AI2 GND DO- DI4 DI5 DI6 AO DO+
OFF
Figure 9.28: Vacon 20 I/O
9.17.2 Modbus address area
The Modbus interface of Vacon 20 uses the ID numbers of the application parameters
as addresses. The ID numbers can be found in the parameter tables in chapter 8.
When several parameters / monitoring values are read at a time, they must be consecutive. 11 addresses can be read and the addresses can be parameters or monitoring values.
Note: With some PLC manufacturers, the interface driver for Modbus RTU communication may contain an offset of 1 (the ID number to be used would then subtract 1).
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parameter descriptions
9.17.3 Modbus process data
Process data is an address area for fieldbus control. Fieldbus control is active when
the value of parameter 2.1 (Control place) is 1 (= fieldbus). The content of the process
data can be programmed in the application.The following tables present the process
data contents in Vacon20 Application.
ID
Modbus register
Name
Scale
Type
2101
32101, 42101
FB Status Word
-
Binary coded
2102
32102, 42102
FB General Status Word
-
Binary coded
2103
32103, 42103
Reserved
0,01
%
2104
32104, 42104
Programmable by P10.1
(Default: Frequency reference)
-
-
32105, 42105
Programmable by P10.2
(Default: Output frequency)
0,01
+/- Hz
32106, 42106
Programmable by P10.3
(Default: Motor speed)
1
+/- Rpm
32107, 42107
Programmable by P10.4
(Default: Motor voltage)
0,1
V
2108
32108, 42108
Programmable by P10.5
(Default: Motor torque)
0,1
+/- % (of nominal)
2109
32109, 42109
Programmable by P10.6
(Default: Motor current)
0,01
A
2110
32110, 42110
Programmable by P10.7
(Default: Motor power)
0,1
+/- % (of nominal)
2111
32111, 42111
Programmable by P10.8
(Default: DC link voltage)
1
V
2105
2106
2107
Table 9.4: Output process data
ID
Modbus register
Name
Scale
Type
2001
32001, 42001
FB Control Word
-
Binary coded
2002
32002, 42002
FB General Control Word
-
Binary coded
2003
32003, 42003
Reserved
0,01
%
2004
32004, 42004
Programmable by P10.9
2005
32005, 42005
Programmable by P10.9
2006
32006, 42006
Programmable by P10.9
2007
32007, 42007
Programmable by P10.9
2008
32008, 42008
Programmable by P10.9
Table 9.5: Input process data
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ID
Modbus register
Name
Scale
Type
2009
32009, 42009
-
-
-
2010
32010, 42010
-
-
-
2011
32011, 42011
-
-
-
• 145
Table 9.5: Input process data
Note! 2004 - 2007 can set as PID Control Reference by setting P15.1(Setpoint selection) or PID Actual value by setting P15.4(Feedback value selection)!
2004 - 2007 can be set as the Analogue Output by P9.1, P9.5, P9.9.
2004 - 2008 can set as Aux Control Word with P10.9:
b0: Run enable
b1: acc / dec ramp 2 selection
b2: freq reference 2 selection
Note!- AUX CW is active when configured, even if control place is not the
fieldbus
- b0 Run enable is computed in AND with a possible Run enable signal from digital input. Fall of enable will cause coasting stop.
Status word (output process data)
Information about the status of the device and messages is indicated in the Status
word. The Status word is composed of 16 bits the meanings of which are described
in the table below:
Bit
Description
Value = 0
Value = 1
B0, RDY
Drive not ready
Drive ready
B1, RUN
Stop
Run
B2, DIR
Clockwise
Counter-clockwise
B3, FLT
No fault
Fault active
B4, W
No alarm
Alarm active
B5, AREF
Ramping
Speed reference reached
B6, Z
-
Drive is running at zero speed
B7 - B15
-
-
Table 9.6: Status word (output process data)
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parameter descriptions
General status word (output process data)
Information about the status of the device and messages is indicated in the General
status word. The General status word is composed of 16 bits the meanings of which
are described in the table below:
Bit
Description
Value = 0
Value = 1
Drive not ready
Drive ready
B1, RUN
Stop
Run
B2, DIR
Clockwise
Counter-clockwise
B3, FLT
No fault
Fault active
B4, W
No alarm
Alarm active
B5, AREF
Ramping
Speed reference reached
B6, Z
-
Drive is running at zero speed
B7, F
-
Fieldbus control active
B8 - B12
-
B0, RDY
Bit
Control place
I/O
PC tool
Keypad
Fieldbus
B13
1
0
0
0
B14
0
1
1
0
B15
0
1
0
1
Table 9.7: General status word (output process data)
Actual speed (output process data)
This is actual speed of the frequency converter. The scaling is -10000...10000. The
value is scaled in percentage of the frequency area between set minimum and maximum frequency.
Control word (input process data)
The three first bits of the control word are used to control the frequency converter.
By using control word it is possible to control the operation of the drive. The meanings of the bits of control word are explained in the table below:
Bit
Description
Value = 0
Value = 1
B0, RUN
Stop
Run
B1, DIR
Clockwise
Counter-clockwise
B2, RST
Rising edge of this bit will reset active fault
B5, Quick ramp time
Normal deceleration ramp time
Quick deceleration ramp time
Table 9.8: Control word (input process data)
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Speed reference (input process data)
This is the Reference 1 to the frequency converter. Used normally as Speed reference. The allowed scaling is 0...10000. The value is scaled in percentage of the frequency area between the set minimum and maximum frequencies.
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technical data
10. TECHNICAL DATA
10.1 Vacon 20 technical data
Input voltage Uin
115 V, -15%...+10% 1~
208…240 V, -15%...+10% 1~
208…240 V, -15%...+10% 3~
380 - 480 V, -15%...+10% 3~
600 V, -15%...+10% 3~
Input frequency
45…66 Hz
Connection to mains
Once per minute or less (normal case)
Networks
Vacon 20 (400 V) cannot be used with corner grounded networks
Short circuit current
Maximum short circuit current has to be < 50 kA, For MI4 without DC-choke, maximum short circuit current has to be < 2.3
kA, for MI5 without DC-choke, maximum short circuit current
has to be < 3.8 kA
Output voltage
0 - Uin
Output current
Continuous rated current IN at ambient temperature max. +50
ºC (depends on the unit size), overload
1.5 x IN max
1 min / 10 min
Starting current /
torque
Current 2 x IN for 2 sec in every 20 sec period. Torque depends
on motor
Output frequency
0…320 Hz
Frequency resolution
0,01 Hz
Digital input
Positive, Logic1: 18…+30V, Logic0: 0…5V; Negative, Logic1:
0…10V, Logic0: 18…30V; Ri = 10KΩ (floating)
Analogue input voltage
0….+10V,Ri = 250KΩ
Analogue input current
0(4)…20mA, Ri ≤ 250Ω
Analogue output
0…10V, RL ≥ 1KΩ; 0(4)…20mA,RL ≤ 500Ω, Selectable through
microswitch
Digital output
Open collector, max. load 35V/50mA (floating)
Relay output
Switching load: 250Vac/3A, 24V DC 3A
Auxiliary voltage
±20%,max.load 50mA
Mains
connection
Supply
network
Motor
connection
Control
connection
Table 10.1: Vacon 20 technical data
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technical data
Control
characteristics
Ambient
conditions
EMC
Control method
Frequency Control U / f
Open Loop Sensorless Vector Control
Switching frequency
1...16 kHz; Factory default 4 kHz
Frequency reference
Resolution 0.01 Hz
Field weakening
point
30…320 Hz
Acceleration time
0.1…3000 sec
Deceleration time
0.1…3000 sec
Braking torque
100%*TN with brake option (only in 3~ drives sizes MI2-5 )
30%*TN without brake option
Ambient operating
temperature
-10 °C (no frost)…+40 / 50 °C (depends on the unit size): rated
loadability IN
Side by side installation for MI1-3 it is always 40 °C; For IP21/
Nema1 option in MI1-3 the maximum temparture is also 40 °C
Storage temperature
-40 °C…+70 °C
Relative humidity
0…95% RH, non-condensing, non-corrosive, no dripping water
Air quality:
- chemical vapours
- mech. particles
IEC 721-3-3, unit in operation, class 3C2
IEC 721-3-3, unit in operation, class 3S2
Altitude
100% load capacity (no derating) up to 1000 m. 1% derating for
each 100 m above 1000 m; max. 2000 m
Vibration:
EN60068-2-6
3...150 Hz
Displacement amplitude 1(peak) mm at 3...15.8 Hz Max acceleration amplitude 1 G at 15.8...150 Hz
Shock
IEC 68-2-27
UPS Drop Test (for applicable UPS weights)
Storage and shipping: max 15 G, 11 ms (in package)
Enclosure class
IP20 / IP21 / Nema1 for MI1-3, IP21/Nema 1 for MI4-5
Pollution degree
PD2
Immunity
Complies with EN50082-1, -2, EN61800-3
Emissions
230V : Complies with EMC category C2; With an internal RFI filter
MI4&5 complies C2 with an optional DC choke and CM choke
400V: Complies with EMC category C2; With an internal RFI filter
MI4&5 complies C2 with an optional DC choke and CM choke
Both: No EMC emission protection (Vacon level N): Without RFI
filter
Standards
For EMC: EN61800-3,
For safety: UL508C, EN61800-5
Certificates
and manufacturer’s
declarations of
conformity
For safety: CE, UL, cUL, KC
For EMC: CE, KC
(see unit nameplate for more detailed approvals)
Table 10.1: Vacon 20 technical data
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technical data
10.2 Power ratings
10.2.1 Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 208-240 V
Mains voltage 208-240 V, 50/60 Hz, 1~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Nominal
input
current
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
[A]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
0001
1.7
2.6
0.33
0.25
4.2
MI1
0002
2.4
3.6
0.5
0.37
5.7
MI1
0.55
0.55
0003
2.8
4.2
0.75
0.55
6.6
MI1
0.55
0004
3.7
5.6
1
0.75
8.3
MI2
0.7
0005
4.8
7.2
1.5
1.1
11.2
MI2
0.7
0007
7
10.5
2
1.5
14.1
MI2
0.7
0009*
9.6
14.4
3
2.2
Table 10.2:Vacon 20 power ratings, 208-240 V
22.1
MI3
0.99
* The maximum ambient operating temperature of this drive is 40 °C!
Mains voltage 208 - 240 V, 50/60 Hz, 3~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Nominal
input
current
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
[A]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
0001
1.7
2.6
0.33
0.25
2.7
MI1
0.55
0002
2.4
3.6
0.5
0.37
3.5
MI1
0.55
0003
2.8
4.2
0.75
0.55
3.8
MI1
0.55
0004
3.7
5.6
1
0.75
4.3
MI2
0.7
0005
4.8
7.2
1.5
1.1
6.8
MI2
0.7
0007*
7
10.5
2
1.5
8.4
MI2
0.7
0011*
11
16.5
3
2.2
13.4
MI3
0.99
0012
12.5
18.8
4
3
14.2
MI4
9
0017
17.5
26.3
5
4
20.6
MI4
9
0025
25
37.5
7.5
5.5
30.3
MI4
9
0031
31
46.5
10
7.5
36.6
MI5
11
44.6
MI5
11
0038
38
57
15
11
Table 10.3: Vacon 20 power ratings, 208-240 V, 3~
* The maximum ambient operating temperature of these drives is +40 °C.
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technical data
10.2.2 Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 115 V
Mains voltage 115 V, 50/60 Hz, 1~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
Nominal
input 
current
Mechanical Weight
size
(Kg)
[A]
0001
1.7
2.6
0.33
0.25
9.2
MI2
0.7
0002
2.4
3.6
0.5
0.37
11.6
MI2
0.7
0003
2.8
4.2
0.75
0.55
12.4
MI2
0.7
0004
3.7
5.6
1
0.75
15
MI2
0.7
16.5
MI3
0.99
0005
4.8
7.2
1.5
1.1
Table 10.4: Vacon 20 power ratings, 115 V, 1~
10.2.3 Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 380-480 V
Mains voltage 380-480 V, 50/60 Hz, 3~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Nominal
input
current
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
[A]
0001
1.3
2
0.5
0.37
2.2
MI1
0.55
0002
1.9
2.9
0.75
0.55
2.8
MI1
0.55
0003
2.4
3.6
1
0.75
3.2
MI1
0.55
0004
3.3
5
1.5
1.1
4
MI2
0.7
0005
4.3
6.5
2
1.5
5.6
MI2
0.7
0006
5.6
8.4
3
2.2
7.3
MI2
0.7
0008
7.6
11.4
4
3
9.6
MI3
0,99
0009
9
13.5
5
4
11.5
MI3
0.99
0012
12
18
7.5
5.5
14.,9
MI3
0.99
0016
16
24
10
7.5
17.1
MI4
9
0023
23
34.5
15
11
25.5
MI4
9
0031
31
46.5
20
15
33
MI5
11
41.7
MI5
11
0038
38
57
25
18.5
Table 10.5: Vacon 20 power ratings, 380-480 V
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10.2.4 Vacon 20 – Mains voltage 600 V
Mains voltage 600 V, 50/60 Hz, 3~ series
Rated loadability
Frequency
converter
100% contin. 150% overtype
current IN [A] load current
[A]
Nominal
input
current
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
[A]
0002
1,7
2,6
1
0,75
2
MI3
0,99
0003
2,7
4,2
2
1,5
3,6
MI3
0,99
0,99
0004
3,9
5,9
3
2,2
5
MI3
0006
6,1
9,2
5
4
7,6
MI3
0,99
5,5
10,4
MI3
0,99
0009
9
13,5
7.5
Table 10.6: Vacon 20 power ratings, 600 V
Note 1: The input currents are calculated values with 100 kVA line transformer supply.
Note 2: The mechanical dimensions of the units are given in Chapter 3.1.1.
Note 3: For PM motor, please select the drive power rating according to motor shaft
power, not rated current.
10.3 Brake resistors
Resistor type code (from Vacon NX family)
Vacon 20 type
Minimum braking resistance
MI2 204-240V,3~
50 Ohm
-
-
-
MI2 380-480V,3~
118 Ohm
-
-
-
MI3 204-240V, 3~
31 Ohm
-
-
-
MI3 380-480V, 3~
55 Ohm
Light duty
BRR-0022-LD-5
Heavy duty
Resistance
BRR-0022-HD-5 63 Ohm
MI3 600V, 3~
100 Ohm
BRR-0013-LD-6
BRR-0013-HD-6 100 Ohm
MI4 204-240V, 3~
14 Ohm
BRR-0025-LD-2
BRR-0025-HD-2 30 Ohm
MI4 380-480V, 3~
28 Ohm
BRR-0031-LD-5
BRR-0031-HD-5 42 Ohm
MI5 204-240V, 3~
9 Ohm
BRR-0031-LD-2
BRR-0031-HD-2 20 Ohm
MI5 380-480V, 3~
17 Ohm
BRR-0045-LD-5
BRR-0045-HD-5 21 Ohm
Note! For MI2 and MI3, only 3-phase units are equipped with brake chopper.
For further information on brake resistors, please download Vacon NX Brake Resistor Manual (UD00971C) on http://www.vacon.com / Support & Downloads
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Find your nearest Vacon office
on the Internet at:
www.vacon.com
Manual authoring:
documentation@vacon.com
Vacon Plc.
Runsorintie 7
65380 Vaasa
Finland
Subject to change without prior notice
© 2013 Vacon Plc.
Document ID:
Rev. F1