Shure | KSM27 | Shure KSM27 User Guide English

User Guide
©2005,
Shure Incorporated
27D3138 (Rev. 6)
Printed in U.S.A.
SHURE INCORPORATED
KSM27 CARDIOID CONDENSER MICROPHONE
®
Thank you for selecting the KSM27
Over 75 years of audio experience has contributed to making the KSM27
one of the finest microphones available.
If you have any questions that are not answered in this booklet, please contact Shure
Applications Engineering at 847-600-8440, Monday through Friday, from 8:00am to
4:30 pm, CST. In Europe, call 49-7131-72140. Our web address is www.shure.com.
1
Low-frequency
response switch
KSM27 FRONT
KSM27 BACK
15 dB
attenuator
FIGURE 1. KSM27 FRONT AND BACK
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Shure® KSM27 is a side-address condenser microphone with a cardioid polar
pattern. Designed for studio use but rugged enough for live applications, the KSM27
has an externally biased 1-inch diaphragm, extremely low self-noise, and an extended frequency response specially tailored for vocal tracking and instrument recording.
FEATURES
• Cardioid polar pattern - the most commonly used pattern for both studio and live
applications
• 1 inch, externally biased, ultra-thin, 2.5 µm, 24 Karat gold-layered, low mass, Mylar ®
diaphragm provides superior transient response
• Class A, discrete, transformerless preamplifier for transparency, extremely fast
transient response and no crossover distortion, while minimizing harmonic and
intermodulation distortions
• Premium electronic components and gold-plated internal and external connectors
• Subsonic filter eliminates rumble from mechanical vibration below 17 Hz
• Switchable 15 dB pad for handling extremely high sound pressure levels (SPLs)
• 3-position switchable low-frequency filter helps reduce unwanted background noise
or counteract proximity effect
• Integrated three-stage “pop” protection grille reduces plosives and other breath
noise
• Internal shock mount reduces handling and stand noise
2
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
• Extended frequency response
• Low self noise
• Exceptional low-frequency reproduction
• High output level
• High input SPL capability
• No crossover distortion
• Extremely uniform polar response
• Superior common mode rejection and suppression of radio frequency
interference
APPLICATIONS
The KSM27 produces superior results in any application requiring a high quality microphone. Typical applications include:
• Voice and vocals
• Close-miking of acoustic instruments such as piano, guitar, violins, drums, and
percussion
• Electric guitar amplifiers
• Brass and woodwind instruments
• Low-frequency instruments such as double bass and kick drum
• Overhead miking for drums or percussion
• Orchestras, choirs, wind ensembles
• Room ambience pick-up (guitar amplifier or drums)
NOTE: Sound quality is strongly affected by microphone location and room acoustics. To acheive the best overall sound for a particular application, it may be necessary to experiment with microphone placement and various room treatments.
OPERATING THE KSM27
Mounting
Use the shock mount to secure the KSM27 to a floor or boom stand by threading the
shock mount onto the microphone stand and inserting/threading the microphone into
the shock mount.
Power
The KSM27 requires phantom power and performs optimally with a 48 Vdc supply
(IEC-268-15/DIN 45 596). However, it will operate with slightly decreased headroom
and sensitivity with supplies as low as 11 Vdc. Most modern mixers provide phantom
power. Phantom power can only be transmitted to the KSM27 through a cable terminated with XLR connectors at each end.
3
Positioning the Microphone
®
The front of the KSM27 is marked by the
logo. See Figure 1. Position this
side of the microphone toward the sound source to be recorded. The rear of the
microphone is marked by the
logo, the low-frequency filter switch and the
15dB attenuation switch.
Cardioid. Picks up sounds directly in front of the microphone and is least sensitive to those in back. Cardioid is the most commonly used polar pattern in studio recording
and live-sound applications. See Figure 5.
Selecting Low-Frequency Response
A three-position switch on the back of the KSM27 lets you adjust the low-frequency
response of the microphone. The low-frequency filter settings can be used to reduce wind noise, room noise or proximity effect. Since the microphone will reproduce ultra-low frequencies, the rubber isolated shock mount should be used to
reduce low-frequency mechanical vibrations transmitted through the microphone
stand.
Flat response. Provides the most natural sound in most applications.
Low-Frequency Rolloff. Provides a
6 dB-per-octave rolloff filter at 115Hz. Use
this to compensate for proximity effect or
to reduce low frequencies that could make
an instrument sound dull or muddy.
+5
dB
Low-frequency cutoff. Provides an
18 dB-per-octave cutoff at 80 Hz. Helps
eliminate floor rumble and low-frequency
room noise from heating and air conditioning systems. This setting may also be
used to compensate for proximity effect or
to reduce low frequencies that make an instrument sound dull or muddy.
0
–10
20
50
100
2
Hz
3 4 5 6 7 89
1000
Flat Response
Low Frequency Cutoff
Low Frequency Rolloff
FIGURE 2. LOW FREQUENCY RESPONSES
Setting Attenuation
The attenuation switch on the back of the KSM27 reduces the signal level from the
cartridge by 15 dB without altering the frequency response. This can prevent extremely high SPLs (ie. close miked drums and guitar cabinets) from overloading the
microphone. To activate attenuation, move the switch to the “-15 dB” position.
0 dB - Use this switch for “quiet” to “normal” sound levels.
-15 dB - Use this switch position when in close proximity with extremely loud
sound sources such as kick drum, snare drum, or loud guitar cabinets.
4
Integral Pop Filter
The KSM27 grille consists of 3 separate mesh layers that act as an integral pop filter
which helps reduce wind and breath noise. Depending on the performer, an external
pop-protection screen or windscreen (See Figure 3) may be necessary when
close-miking vocalists.
FIGURE 3. PS-6 POPPER STOPPER™ POP FILTER
Load Impedance
Shure recommends a load impedance of at least 1000 Ω. When used with modern
microphone preamplifiers (rated at 2500 Ω), the KSM27 provides higher maximum
SPL capability and output clipping level. When the attenuation switch is set to the 15 dB position, the KSM27 can handle sound pressure levels of up to 152 dB and
output +15 dBV into a load of 2500 Ω or greater.
5
SPECIFICATIONS
Cartridge Type
Externally Biased Condenser
Frequency Response
20 to 20,000 Hz (see Figure 4)
Directional Polar Pattern
Cardioid (see Figure 5)
Output Impedance
EIA Rated at 150 Ω (140 Ω actual)
Attenuation Switch
0 or 15 dB attenuation
Low Frequency response
switch
flat; -6 db/octave below 115 Hz;
-18 dB/octave below 80 Hz
Phantom Power
48 Vdc ±4 Vdc (IEC-268-15/DIN 45 596), positive pins 2 and 3
Current Drain
5.4 mA typical at 48 Vdc
Common Mode Rejection
≥ 50 dB, 20 Hz to 20 kHz
Polarity
Positive pressure on diaphragm produces positive voltage on output pin 2 relative to pin 3
Dimensions and Weight
53.0 mm (2.08 in.) maximum body diameter,
156.2 mm (6.15 in.) long; 642 grams (22.6 oz.)
(see Figure 6)
Sensitivity (typical, at 1000 Hz;
1Pa = 94 dB SPL)
-37 dBV/Pa
Self-noise (typical, equivalent
SPL; A-weighted, IEC 651)
14 dB
Maximum SPL at 1000 Hz
2500 Ω load (Attenuator on)
1000 Ω load (Attenuator on)
137 (152) dB
132 (147) dB
Output Clipping Level*
2500 Ω load
1000 Ω load
7 dBV
1 dBV
Dynamic Range
2500 Ω load
1000 Ω load
123 dB
118 dB
Signal to Noise ratio**
80 dB
*20 Hz to 20 kHz; THD < 1%. THD of the microphone preamplifier when applied input signal is
equivalent to the cartridge output at specified SPL.
**S/N ratio is difference between 94 dB SPL and equivalent SPL of self-noise A-weighted.
6
dB
+10
0
60 cm
–10
2
20
50
100
3 4 5 6 7 89
1000
2
3 4 5 6 78 9
10000 20000
Hz
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE
150°
180°
150°
120°
150°
120°
90°
60°
30°
+5 dB
150°
120°
90°
–20 dB
–15 dB
–10 dB
–5 dB
180°
120°
90°
60°
90°
–20 dB
–15 dB
–10 dB
–5 dB
60°
30°
30°
250 Hz
500 Hz
1000 Hz
+5 dB
60°
30°
2500 Hz
6400 Hz
10000 Hz
FIGURE 5. TYPICAL POLAR PATTERNS
156,2 mm
(6.15 IN.)
50,8 mm
(2.00 IN.)
53,0 mm
(2.08 IN.)
150,1 mm
(5.90 IN.)
FIGURE 6. DIMENSIONS
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CERTIFICATION
Eligible to bear CE Marking; Conforms to European EMC directive 89/336/EEC.
Meets applicable tests and performance criteria found in European Professional
Audio Products EMC Standard EN 55103 (1996); Part 1 (Emissions) and Part 2
(Immunity). The KSM27 is intended for use in environments E1 (residential) and E2
(Light Industrial) as defined in European standard EN 55103. EMC conformance is
based on the use of shielded interconnecting cable.
N 108
FURNISHED ACCESSORIES
ShureLock™ Rubber Isolated Shock Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A27SM
Protective Velveteen Pouch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A27VB
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
ShureLock™ Black Swive Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A32M
Aluminum Carrying Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A32SC
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A32WS
Popper Stopper™ Pop Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PS-6
Padded, Zippered Carrying Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A32ZB
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Rubber Rings for Shock Mount (contains four) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RPM642
Replacement Foam for Carrying Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29A2284
SERVICE
For additional microphone service or parts information, please contact Shure's Service department at 1-800-516-2525. Outside the United States, please contact your
Authorized Shure Service Center.
8
Trademark Notices: The circular S logo, the stylized Shure logo, and the word
“Shure” are registered trademarks of Shure Incorporated in the United States.
“ShureLock” is a trademark of Shure Incorporated in the United States. “Mylar”
is a registered trademark of E.I. duPont de Nemours and Company in the United
States. These marks may be registered in other jurisdictions.
Patent Notice: Patent Des. 400,540 Des. 447,131
SHURE Incorporated Web Address: http://www.shure.com
5800 W. Touhy Avenue, Niles, IL 60714-4608, U.S.A.
In U.S.A., Phone: 1-847-600-2000 Fax: 1-847-600-1212
In Europe, Phone: 49-7131-72140 Fax: 49-7131-721414
In Asia, Phone: 1-852-2893-4290 Fax: 1-852-2893-4055
International Fax: 1-847-600-6446
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