Freedom Marine 10 15 20 25 30 Owner's Manual Xantrex Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Charger Thank you for purchasing a Xantrex Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Charger. Xantrex takes pride in manufacturing quality products specifically designed to meet your power requirements. Freedom Marine Inverter/Chargers provide silent, efficient and reliable AC power for a variety of applications. They feature “hands-free” operation, automatic three-stage battery charging and automatic AC transfer switching. For your convenience, service is available world-wide from qualified service centers. If you have any questions about your Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger, please contact Xantrex toll free: 1-800-670-0707. For technical support and additional information about Xantrex products, visit our Web site at www.xantrex.com or e-mail us at CustomerService@xantrex.com SAFETY SUMMARY Safety information for installation and operation is contained throughout this manual where it applies and is not included in this summary. Fuse Replacement For continued protection against the possibility of fire, replace the fuse only with a fuse of the specified voltage, current and type ratings. Definitions: Power Source To avoid damage, operate the equipment only within the specified AC (line) and DC (battery) voltages. Warning statements identify conditions or practices which could result in personal injury, loss of life, damage to equipment or other property. Servicing To reduce the risk of electric shock do not open this unit. There are no user serviceable parts inside. Refer all service to qualified personnel. Notice of Copyright Xantrex Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Charger © December 2002 Xantrex International. All rights reserved. Xantrex is a registered trademark of Xantrex International. Disclaimer UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”) (a) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION. (b) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSS OR DAMAGE, WHETHER DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK. Date and Revision December 2002, Revision 2 Part Number 445-0194-01-01 Contact Information Web: www.xantrex.com Phone: 1-800-670-0707 (toll free), 1-604-422-2777 (direct) 2 Email: CustomerService@xantrex.com Fax: 1-604-420-2145 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Things You Should Know . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Circuit Breaker Protection Thermostat Controlled Cooling Inverter Idle Circuit Low and High Battery Shutdown Power Sharing Temperature Sensitive Charging Installation Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Shorepower Configurations Inverter/Charger Configurations Dual In/Dual Out Configuration Installation Option 1 Installation Option 2 Installation Option 3 Installation Option 4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Installation Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 echo-charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 LED Fault Status Things to Check Optional Remote Control Panels . . . . . . . 11 Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Battery Types Battery Interconnection Battery Bank Ratings and Sizing Battery Charging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Freedom Battery Chargers Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Battery Charger Voltage Settings. . . . . . . 20 Installation Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Key Installation Points Grounding Neutral Bonding AC Wiring AC Input AC Output Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters Remote Control Wiring TSC Temperature Sensor DC Wiring Battery Cable Fusing Hardware Stack-up Options Specially designed for use in marine environment 3 INTRODUCTION This owner’s manual describes the Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Chargers from Xantrex. These units perform four distinct functions: 1. DC to AC power inverting. 2. Automatic transfer switching between inverter power and incoming AC power. 3. Automatic three-stage battery charging plus manual battery equalizing. 4. Multiple battery bank charging. • The inverter provides regulated 120 volt AC power at a crystal controlled frequency from a deep cycle battery bank and is rated at: Freedom 10 Freedom 15 Freedom 20 Freedom 25 Freedom 30 1000 watts 1500 watts 2000 watts 2500 watts 3000 watts The output is a modified sine wave and is compatible with most appliances, tools and other 120 VAC equipment. (Note: Certain laser printers, breadmakers, digital clocks and small battery chargers may not operate on modfied sine wave.) The idle mode reduces battery power consumption when AC loads are removed from the inverter output. High efficiency ensures the longest possible battery life between charges. All models are designed to deliver surge current for starting loads larger than the continuous rating of the inverter. • The internal transfer switch allows the Freedom Inverter/Charger to be connected to an external AC source and transfer the source power through the unit directly to the loads. When the external AC power source is disconnected, the transfer switch allows automatic switching of the loads back to the inverter. The Freedom Inverter/Charger operates as a self-contained backup power system— just add batteries. • Freedom battery chargers with temperature sensitive charging (TSC) are electronically controlled. The primary charge output current is rated at 12 volts: Freedom 10 Freedom 15 Freedom 20 Freedom 25 Freedom 30 50 amps DC 75 amps DC 100 amps DC 130 amps DC 140 amps DC They are designed to rapidly and optimally charge wet cell, gel cell, or Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM)** deep-cycle batteries. Battery charging is automatically accomplished in three stages: Bulk Charge, Acceptance Charge and Float Charge. In most cases, no attention or maintenance is required. When using a Freedom or LINK remote control panel, a manually engaged Equalize Charge cycle is possible. **Battery type selection is set on the front of the unit or with an optional remote (Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument). 4 INTRODUCTION Multiple Battery Bank Charging Multiple battery bank charging is provided through additional output from the built-in echocharge. The echo-charge is used to charge start or auxiliary batteries. This Digital echocharge is current limited to 15 amps and follows the three-stage charge curve of the inverter/charger and battery setting of the house battery bank. The number of active echo-charge outputs depends of the model of the inverter/charger. Model Freedom Freedom Freedom Freedom Freedom Multi-bank outputs 10 15 20 25 30 1 1 1 2 2 echo-charge 1 echo-charge 2 Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger 5 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW Circuit Breaker Protection The Freedom Inverter/Charger is supplemental circuit breaker protected. The INVERT/CHARGE breaker on the front of the unit protects against sustained inverter/ charger over-current conditions. This supplemental circuit breaker protects the output of the unit when operating in “Invert Mode” and protects the internal battery charger circuits when operating in “Charge Mode.” When an over-current condition occurs, the circuit breaker is reset by pushing the button back in after the fault is removed. This circuit breaker is not suitable for branch circuit protection. To comply with NEC, additional branch circuit rated breakers may be required between the output of the unit and the load. Freedom 25 and 30 have two outputs. Both outputs are protected by the supplemental circuit breaker when operating in “Invert Mode.” During transfer/charge operation, the outputs are protected by the circuit breakers feeding the two inputs to the unit. Inverter Idle Circuit The idle circuit reduces battery power consumption when no AC load is present. Response from idle is instantaneous. When using a Freedom or Link remote control panel the idle threshold is adjustable. The unit does not produce 120 volts when in idle. An idle pulse is sent out approximately twice a second to see if a load is present. To bring the unit out of the idle condition, apply a load larger than the idle set point. Low and High Battery Shutdown When in inverter mode, if the battery voltage drops to 10.0 volts, the inverter will automatically shut off. Charge the batteries to 13.5 volts to automatically resume operation. Voltage shutdown also occurs for a high battery condition at 15.5 volts. Operation will resume automatically when the battery voltage drops below 15.5 volts. Check all DC sources on the system for the reason for the excessive voltage. Thermostat Controlled Cooling Freedom Inverter/Chargers are equipped with a thermostatically controlled fan that cools the unit so it can operate continually at its rated output. Power Sharing When connected to an external AC source the battery charger and transfer functions are engaged. A unique Power Sharing feature automatically reduces the AC power consumption of the battery charger when the loads threaten to trip the incoming circuit breaker. KNOCKOUT Freedom 25 and 30 have two AC inputs. The battery charger is supplied AC from AC input #1. These models will reduce the current available to the charger when the demand for current to the load on AC output #1 reaches the factory default setting. AC input #2 is a direct transfer to AC output #2 and has no power sharing control. AC INPUT 6 KNOCKOUT AC OUTPUT COMPRESSION TERMINAL BLOCK installed THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW The Power Sharing set point of each unit has a factory default setting. This can be changed when using the Freedom or Link remote control panel. Refer to the Freedom Remote Control Panel or Link manual for information on Power Sharing setting and adjustment. Temperature Sensitive Charging (TSC) When the supplied battery temperature sensor is connected to the unit and the batteries, the charge voltage is controlled based on battery temperature. The charger adjusts the charge voltage to the best level insuring safe charging for selected battery type. Charge voltage regulation optimizes the battery life cycle. Electronic Protection Fast-acting electronic circuits protect the inverter from overloads and short circuits. Other protection includes a low and high battery voltage cutoff and automatic shutdown if an over temperature condition occurs. When the fault condition is corrected, the unit will automatically reset. For example: remove overload, charge batteries or allow to cool. TSC Sensor Battery 7 OPERATION The Freedom Inverter/Charger provides 120 volt AC power from auxiliary DC batteries, automatic battery charging and automatic AC transfer switching between an external AC source and inverter mode AC output. STATUS LEDs Each Status LED performs two functions, providing operation status and battery type selection. The Freedom Inverter/Charger may be operated with or without a remote control panel or Link instrument. When operating the inverter/charger without a Freedom or Link remote control panel: Status LEDs Front Panel INVERT CHARGE INVERT / WET CHARGE / GEL1 TSC REMOTE OVERTEMP OVERLOAD / AGM LOW BATTERY / GEL 2 Front Panel Controls and Indicators INVERT MODE The INVERT push-button switch is located on the front of the unit. • To turn the inverter ON, press and hold the INVERT switch until the INVERT LED is solid green. The unit is now inverting. Press the INVERT switch again to turn the inverter OFF. Note: The charge LED will be blinking slowly indicating Charger ready status but external AC power is not connected. CHARGE MODE The CHARGE push-button switch is located on the front of the unit. When external AC is applied to the AC input of the unit, the charger automatically turns ON. The CHARGE LED will be solid green. The unit is now charging. Press the CHARGE switch again to turn the charger OFF. The charger defaults to ON when operating without a remote or with the Freedom Remote Control Panel. Refer to the Link manual when using a Link remote control panel. INVERT CHARGE 8 Freedom Marine 20 Operation Status INVERT - Green LED • When the LED is solid green, the unit is in invert mode. This occurs by pressing the INVERT switch. • When the LED is blinking slowly (1 time per second), the inverter is in standby with AC power applied and the transfer switch engaged • When the LED is OFF, the inverter is OFF. CHARGE - Green LED • When the LED is solid green, the unit is in the charge mode and external AC power is being supplied. • When the LED is blinking slowly, (1 time per second) the charger is ready, but external AC power is not available. • When the LED is OFF, the charger has been manually turned OFF. This can only be accomplished while AC power is being supplied since the charger will automatically restart each time AC power is applied. OPERATION NOTE: When AC power is available, the default setting for the charger is ON. If the unit was manually turned OFF and AC power is interrupted and becomes available again, the charger will return to ON. LOW BATTERY - Red LED • When the LED is OFF the battery voltage is normal, between 10.5 and 15.0 volts DC. • When the LED is solid red, it indicates a battery warning condition, the battery voltage is below 10.5 volts DC or above 15.0 volts DC. • When the LED is blinking slowly, (once per second), a battery shutdown has occurred. The voltage is either below 10.0 volts DC or above 15.5 volts DC. • When the LED is blinking rapidly (five times per second), a potential problem in the DC system has been detected. Check your batteries, battery cables and DC loads. OVER-TEMP/OVERLOAD - Red LED • When the LED is Off operation is normal. • When the LED is red, there is an overtemp or overload condition. Check for excessive loads or short circuit on the output of the inverter. Correct the condition and restart by pushing the INVERT switch. • When the LED is blinking slowly (once per second), an over-current condition or a short circuit has occurred. The system has shut OFF and will not automatically restart. Correct the fault condition and manually restart the system by pushing the INVERT switch. LOW BATTERY & OVER-TEMP/OVERLOAD - Red LEDs When both LEDs are blinking, an AC backfeed was detected. A backfeed occurs when AC power from an external source is connected to the output of the inverter. Inspect wiring for a possible input/output wiring error. This condition must be corrected before further operation. A backfeed will damage the unit and void the warranty. Battery Type Selection • Battery type setup. To enter the battery type select mode, press and hold the INVERT switch for five seconds. The status LEDs will change from indicating status information to OFF. Press the CHARGE switch once. One of the four LEDs will blink rapidly, indicating the existing battery type selection. Press the CHARGE switch again to change the battery type. Continue to press until the desired battery type is selected. If the CHARGE switch is not pressed for five seconds, the unit will return to normal operation and the battery type selection will have been made. Refer to page 20 for additional information on battery type settings. WET GEL 1 GEL 2 AGM Status LEDs INVERT CHARGE INVERT / WET CHARGE / GEL1 TSC REMOTE OVERTEMP OVERLOAD / AGM LOW BATTERY / GEL 2 Front Panel When the 12 volt input to the unit is disconnected, the battery type setting is stored in non-volatile memory. When the unit is reconnected, the battery type selection conveniently returns to the previous setting. If installed with the Freedom or Link remote control panel, the unit will be set up and controlled from the remote. Refer to the remote manual for more information. 9 OPERATION When a Freedom or Link remote control panel is connected to the unit, the switch on the unit or on the remote may be used to turn the unit ON/OFF. If the unit is turned ON using the front panel switch and then turned OFF using a Remote or Link, the unit will not be completely OFF. If the unit will not be used for an extended period of time, turn the unit completely OFF. The unit is completely OFF when the LED display on the unit is OFF. Over-temp Low Battery Remote TSC TSC (Temperature Sensitive Charging) This provides for the connection of a sensor to measure battery temperature for compensated charging. If no sensor is connected the charge voltage levels are set to defaults based on battery type. echo-charge The echo-charge feature is incorporated in the Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger to enable multiple battery bank charging of the start or auxiliary battery. Freedom 10, 15, 20 have one active echo-charge output. Freedom 25, 30 have two active outputs. The echo-charge automatically switches On/Off, charging an auxiliary or start battery without affecting the main house battery bank. The maximum charge current is 15 amps at 14.4 volts. The echo-charge is a voltage follower, following the three-stage charge modes of the Freedom Marine Charger. The echo-charge senses if the start battery needs charging and diverts a portion of the charging current (up to 15 amps) to the start battery. This method protects the auxiliary battery from overcharging and ensures a long life for the battery. 10 echo-charge Freedom Marine 20 NOTE: The charger will always follow the house battery setting, even if you mix the type of batteries in your house and start battery bank. If the house battery bank is either GEL or AGM and the start or auxiliary battery is wet/ flooded, the charger will follow the GEL or AGM voltage setting. The echo-charge will turn ON any time the house battery is above 13 volts, regardless of the charging source. OPTIONAL REMOTES If using one of the remotes, refer to the installation instructions included with the remote. OPTIONAL REMOTE CONTROL PANELS Remote Control Panel An optional remote control panel is available. The LED bar graphs on the remote control panel show battery voltage and DC current in both inverter and charger modes. Easy-to-see red, yellow and green LEDs show the battery state-of-charge. Power Sharing, charger ON/OFF, and inverter ON/ OFF controls are provided. SET UP features include selection of Idle Threshold, Battery Type and Battery Capacity. Remote Control Panel Advanced Remote Control Panels Link Instruments Advanced remote control panels are also available: the Link 1000, 2000 and 2000-R. LINK 2000 The Link 2000 has the same features as the Link 1000, providing inverter/charger control and complete battery state-of-charge information. It monitors two battery banks. LINK 2000 LINK 2000-R The Link 2000-R adds the ability to regulate an engine-driven alternator. The precision regulator in the Link 2000-R allows the alternator to be controlled as a three-stage battery charging system. If a Link Instrument is used to control the inverter/charger, refer to the Link Owner’s Manual for installation, setup and control information. LINK 1000 Link 1000 controls the Freedom Inverter/ Charger and provides complete battery state-of-charge information including DC voltage, current, amp hours consumed, Time Remaining and historical data for a single battery bank. LINK 1000 11 BATTERIES Wet cell batteries will give off gas as a natural result of charging and will experience some water loss. It is very important that the electrolyte level be checked frequently and topped off with distilled water when necessary. Follow the battery manufacturer’s recommendations for maintenance. BATTERY TYPES Use only deep-cycle batteries with your Freedom Inverter/Charger. These fall into three broad categories: wet cell, gel cell and Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) batteries. Wet Cell Batteries True deep-cycle wet cell batteries are characterized by relatively thick internal plates that are alloyed with antimony. Common 12 volt marine/RV deep-cycle batteries are acceptable. Golf cart batteries perform well and may have a longer life. These 6 volt batteries must be used in series connected pairs. High quality deep-cycle batteries offer good performance and are available in a wide variety of sizes. 12 Never allow the top of the battery plates to be exposed to air, as contamination of the cell will result. Keep the tops of batteries clean. Always provide adequate ventilation for the battery storage compartment. Do not use ordinary car batteries or engine starting batteries with your inverter/ charger. Beware of any battery that is rated only in Cold Cranking Amps (CCA). This is a rating which applies only to engine starting batteries. In general, most wet cell batteries that are described as hybrid type batteries, suitable for either engine starting or deep-cycle applications, are a compromise and will have limited life if deeply discharged. BATTERIES Beware of so-called maintenance-free wet cell batteries. These batteries have calcium alloyed with the lead liquid. They are sealed and water cannot be added. Do not confuse them with true gel cell or AGM batteries—they will not hold up well to deep discharging and repeated cycling. Gel Cell Batteries Gel cell batteries are lead-acid batteries similar in many ways to the common wet cell battery, but differences in the chemistry and construction provide some unique features. • No Maintenance Series Configuration Connecting two batteries in series will double the voltage of the battery bank. For instance, two 6 volt batteries connected in series will produce 12 volts. The amp-hour capacity of the battery bank will be the same as each individual battery. Example, two 6 volt 220 amp-hour batteries in series will produce one 12 volt 220 amp-hour battery bank. + + • Low Self-Discharge Rate • Low Internal Resistance Even though gel cells are sealed batteries, the battery compartment should still be ventilated. Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) Batteries This battery is lead acid but maintenance free. They hold the liquid electrolyte in a sponge-like material. The performance is similar to gel cell batteries. The charge parameters are similar to wet cell batteries. Battery Selection The most important feature to consider in making your battery selection is to select true deep cycle batteries rated in amp hours (Ah) and sized to match your power requirements. BATTERY INTERCONNECTION In most cases, you will be using a bank of two or more batteries with your inverter/charger. You may connect batteries together in two configurations—series and parallel— depending on their voltage. Series Series Increase Voltage + 6V _ EACH BATTERY CAPACITY: 220 AMP HOURS @ 6 VDC + 6V _ + 12V INVERTER _ TOTAL BATTERY BANK CAPACITY: 220 AMP HOURS @ 12 VDC 13 BATTERIES Parallel Configuration Connecting two batteries in parallel will double the amp-hour rating of the battery bank, while the voltage will be the same as each individual battery. Example, two 12 volt 105 amp-hour batteries in parallel will produce one 12 volt 210 amp-hour battery bank. + + Parallel Parallel Increase Amp-hour Capacity + + 12V 12V _ _ EACH BATTERY CAPACITY: 105 AMP HOURS @ 12 VDC + 12VINVERTER _ TOTAL BATTERY BANK CAPACITY: 210 AMP HOURS @ 12 VDC Only similar batteries should be connected together in one bank. Do not connect old and new batteries together or wet and gel cell batteries together. In the above drawing, the load is connected to the positive terminal of the first battery and the negative terminal of the last battery. This practice helps to balance the battery bank and is called cross-connecting the battery bank. 14 Note: It is not advisable to connect batteries of different case sizes or amp-hour ratings in the same battery bank. Always use properly sized wire and terminals for your interconnecting battery cables. For size information refer to NEC requirements or contact your local electrician. BATTERY BANK RATINGS AND SIZING Deep-cycle batteries are usually rated in amp hours. The amp-hour rating is based on a 20-hour discharge rate, therefore, a 100 amp-hour battery can deliver 5 amps for 20 hours. If the discharge rate is greater than 5 amps, the available amp hours are decreased. For example, if the load is increased to 100 amps, only about 45 amp hours will be available at this rate of discharge. Deep-cycle batteries can be discharged about 80% of capacity before damage occurs. Shallow cycling will result in much longer battery life. Calculating a battery bank size based on 50% discharge cycling is generally considered to be a good compromise between long battery life and size. BATTERIES To achieve 50% cycling you should calculate your amp-hour consumption between charging cycles and use a battery bank with twice that capacity**. Each AC appliance or tool has a rating plate on it and will be rated in either AC amps or watts or AC VA (volt-amps) apparent power. To calculate amphour consumption, use one of the formulas to the right to calculate the DC amp-hour draw for a 12 volt system. AMP-HOUR CONSUMPTION FORMULAS (AC amps x 10) x 1.1 x hours of operation = DC amp hours (watts/ DC voltage) x 1.1 x hours of operation = DC amp hours (AC VA/ DC voltage) x 1.1 x hours of operation = DC amp hours DC voltage is 12, 24 or 32 depending on your system. Calculate the amp hours for every AC appliance or tool that will be operated on the inverter. This will provide the total number of amp hours used between recharges. Size the battery bank using this number as a guideline. A good rule to follow is to size the battery bank a minimum of two times larger than the total amp-hour load requirement. Plan on recharging when 50% discharged. In all formulas, 1.1 is the correction factor for inverter efficiency. Typical Power Consumptlon The chart identifies typical power consumption for common AC loads. Use it as a guide when identifying your power requirements. **Batteries are typically charged to 85% of full charge when charging with alternators without 3-stage regulators. Ty p ic al Po wer Co n s u mp t io n Appliance Run Times / Amp Hours Appliance Typical Wattage 1 Hr. 2 Hr. 3 Hr. 8 Hr. 13" Color TV 50 .33 1 2 4 8 12 32 96 19" Color TV 100 .66 2 4 8 16 24 64 192 5 Min. 15 Min. 30 Min. 24 Hr. VCR 50 .33 1 2 4 8 12 32 96 Lamp 100 .66 2 4 8 16 24 64 192 Blender 300 2 6 12 Laptop Computer 50 .33 1 2 4 8 2.6 5.2 10.4 15.6 41.6 83.2 40 80 160 2 4 8 12 32 96 336 672 Curling Iron 50 .33 1 2 3/8 Power Drill 500 3.3 10 20 6.6 20 Icemaker* 200 Coffee Maker 1000 3 cu' Refrigerator* 150 20 cu' Refrigerator* 750 Compact Microwave 750 Full Size Microwave Vacuum 21 42 84 126 30 60 120 180 30 60 120 240 360 22 44 88 176 264 5 15 1500 10 1100 7.3 Number in each box represents the total Amp hours used (@ 12 volt DC) based on various continuous run times. *Note refrigeration is typically calculated using a 1/3-duty cyle. Many electric motors have momentary starting requirements well above their operational rating. Start up watts are listed where appropriate. Individual styles and brands of appliances may vary. If using the same battery bank for the inverter and other DC loads, be sure to consider the power consumption of the DC loads when sizing the battery bank. NOTE Certain laser printers, breadmakers, digital clocks and appliance/tool chargers may not operate on modified sine wave. 15 BATTERY CHARGING Battery Charging Completely charging wet cell deep-cycle batteries requires the battery voltage to be raised beyond what is known as the gassing point. This is the voltage at which the battery begins to bubble and gas is given off. If charging stops short of this point, sulfate is left on the plates and deterioration of the battery begins. The gassing point will vary with battery temperature. At 77 °F, the gassing point of a 12 volt battery is about 14.0 volts. AGM and Gel cell batteries must not be charged to their gassing point. In fact, high voltage charging that gasses these batteries is harmful to them. They typically require a lower bulk charge voltage. Gel cell batteries require a higher float voltage than wet cell batteries. Consult the battery manufacturer for specifications. 16 Freedom Battery Chargers Freedom battery chargers are designed to overcome the limitations of conventional chargers by utilizing three distinct charge stages, each designed for optimal charging of wet, gel cell and AGM deep-cycle batteries. Battery type selection is made on the front panel of the inverter/charger or through the Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument. For more information on battery type selection, see page 9 or refer to the Remote Control Panel manual. BATTERY CHARGING Note: Freedom battery chargers are ON whenever AC power is connected to the charger input. The charger can be turned OFF using the CHARGE switch on the front of the unit. This sequence will occur each time external AC power is available. The charger can be turned ON/OFF using the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation. Each time the battery charger is engaged, the three-stage charger proceeds automatically, resulting in an efficient complete charge and safe battery maintenance. Use of the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument provides the ability to periodically apply an equalizing charge. The battery charger stages are: Stage 1 - Bulk Charge During the bulk charge stage most of the energy that has been consumed during discharge is returned to the battery bank. This phase is engaged as soon as the battery charger is activated. Full rated charger current is delivered to the battery bank until the bulk charge voltage limit is reached. This results in a relatively rapid recharge. Generally, a wet cell battery bank should not be charged at a rate that exceeds 25% of its capacity. Refer to Remote Control Panel or the Link Instrument Owner’s Manual for more information. 17 BATTERY CHARGING Gel cell and Advanced AGM batteries can accept a higher rate of charge. Consult the manufacturer for specifications. acceptance charge voltage limit. When it reaches the float voltage set point, the float charge stage is engaged. Stage 2 - Acceptance Charge The acceptance stage immediately follows the bulk charge stage. During this stage the battery voltage is held constant at the bulk charge voltage limit and the current gradually ramps down. During this stage the battery is accepting its final amount of charge current and the last of the sulfate on the plates is removed. The float charge stage holds the battery voltage constant at a preset voltage level, where it is safe for long term battery voltage maintenance. During the float charge stage, the full output current of the battery charger is available to operate any DC appliances that may be on the system, while constantly maintaining the float charge voltage. The acceptance stage lasts until the charge current reaches the transition point. A timer will terminate the acceptance stage if this current level is not reached. The battery charger remains in the float charge stage indefinitely until the charger is disconnected from incoming AC power or turned OFF with the unit switch or with the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation. ACCEPTANCE TO FLOAT TRANSITION POINTS* Freedom 10 5 Ampere DC Freedom 15 10 Ampere DC Freedom 20 10 Ampere DC Freedom 25 15 Ampere DC Freedom 30 15 Ampere DC *Factory Default Setting Maximum acceptance time is one hour for wet and AGM cells and three hours for gel cells. Gel cell acceptance time can be longer because they are less likely to gas. Expect wet cell batteries to gas somewhat during acceptance, this is a necessary part of the charging process. NOTE: The acceptance stage timer is not used when Link Instruments control the charger. Refer to the Link Owner’s Manual. Stage 3 - Float Charge When the acceptance stage is terminated, either because the charge current ramped down to the transition point or the timer engaged, the charge current will shut off. The unit monitors the battery voltage while it drifts down from the 18 Stage 4 - Equalizing Charge This is the only battery charger stage which is not engaged automatically. It must be manually initiated each time. Applying an equalizing charge is possible only with a Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument. Periodic equalizing is recommended by most wet cell deep-cycle battery manufacturers. There are no firm rules for how often an equalizing charge should be applied. Follow the battery manufacturer’s recommendations for equalizing. BATTERY CHARGING The equalizing charge is a timed, eighthour cycle. The cycle can be ended early by interrupting the AC power to the charger at any time during the cycle. Equalizing should only be engaged after the batteries have been fully charged by a normal battery charging cycle. During this equalizing stage, the battery voltage will increase to the equalize voltage. This will cause the battery bank to gas profusely and will accomplish the following: 1. Removal of residual sulfate. Each time a battery is cycled (discharged and charged), a small amount of sulfate is left on the plates. Over time, this gradual buildup of sulfate will compromise the performance of the battery. By applying an equalizing charge, the sulfate is returned back to the electrolyte, raising the specific gravity and fully exposing the active material of the plates. 2. Bring all cells to the same potential. All lead-acid batteries are made up of individual 2 volt cells. As the battery bank is cycled, slight differences in the cells result in different cell voltages, affecting the overall charge effectiveness. Equalizing brings all cells to the same voltage and the electrolyte in each cell to the same specific gravity. 3. Mixing up of the electrolyte. Electrolyte in battery cells tends to separate into layers of acid and water. The vigorous bubbling action of the battery during equalizing serves to physically mix the electrolyte. Refer to the Remote Control Panel and Link Owner’s Manuals for additional cautions on equalizing. WARNINGS 1. Do not equalize gel cell batteries. Check remote default settings. 2. Always monitor the equalize charge cycle. Provide proper ventilation for battery fumes. Do not allow any sparks during equalizing. If one or more cells begin to overflow, terminate the equalize cycle. 3. Check the battery electrolyte both before and after the equalizing charge. Do not expose the battery plates to air. Leave the battery caps on while equalizing. Top off after equalizing. 4. Remove all loads from the DC system before equalizing. Some DC loads may not tolerate the high charge voltage. 5. With the Remote Control Panel the battery state-of-charge LEDs sequence during equalizing. When the equalization cycle is complete, the charge automatically goes to float and the green float LED battery status light is on. With Link Instrumentation, the red charge LED flashes during the equalizing cycle. When the equalization cycle is complete, the charger automatically goes to float and the green float LED is illuminated. Note: Do not equalize gel cell batteries. 19 BATTERY CHARGER VOLTAGE SETTINGS TEMP TYPE 0 TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 Wet Cell Gel 1 * Gel 2 * AGM °F °C AC C EPT FL OAT ACCEPT FL OAT ACCEPT FL OAT AC C EPT FL OAT 120 49 12.5 12.5 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.9 110 43 13.6 12.7 13.5 13.0 14.0 13.4 13.9 12.9 100 38 13.8 12.9 13.7 13.2 14.1 13.5 14.0 13.0 90 32 14.0 13.1 13.8 13.3 14.2 13.6 14.1 13.1 80 27 14.2 13.3 14.0 13.5 14.3 13.7 14.2 13.2 70 ** 21 ** 14.4 13.5 14.1 13.6 14.4 13.8 14.3 13.3 60 16 14.6 13.7 14.3 13.8 14.5 13.9 14.4 13.4 50 10 14.8 13.9 14.4 13.9 14.6 14.0 14.5 13.5 40 5 15.0 14.1 14.6 14.1 14.7 14.1 14.6 13.6 30 -1 15.2 14.3 14.7 14.2 14.8 14.2 14.7 13.7 * There are two gel battery settings. Check with the battery manufacturer to determine the proper setting for your batteries. Usually, Gel 1 is for long battery life; Gel 2 is for rapid charging. **Default setting when the temperature sensor is not connected. 20 INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS Before beginning the installation of your Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger, read the owner’s manual. Disconnect all sources of AC and DC power to prevent accidental shock. Disable and secure all AC and DC automatic starting and disconnect devices. CAUTION This equipment is not ignition protected and employs components that can produce arcs or sparks. To reduce the risk of fire or explosions, do not install in unvented compartments containing batteries or flammable gasses or areas in which ignition-protected equipment is required. WARNING For continued protection against risk of electric shock, use only the ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) type receptacles detailed in this manual. Other types may fail to operate properly when connected to this inverter, resulting in a potential shock hazard. CAUTION To reduce the risk of electric shock and prevent premature failure due to corrosion, do not mount where exposed to rain, dripping or spray. CAUTION To reduce the risk of fire, do not obstruct ventilation openings. Do not mount in a zero clearance compartment— overheating may result. CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Both AC and DC voltage sources are terminated inside this equipment. Before servicing disconnect all inputs and outputs. Before beginning installation, unpack the inverter/charger, record the serial number on the warranty card. Retain packing materials for future use. Confirm that your shipping carton contains: • Inverter/Charger • TSC temperature sensor with 20' cable • Owner's Manual • Warranty Card • DC Battery Cable Covers & Screws (4) • AC Access Cover plate & Screws (2) • Compression Terminal Block (2) Freedom 10, 15, 20 (4) Freedom 25 & 30 If any components are missing, contact Customer Service: 1 800 670 0707. Typical Tools Needed Flathead and Phillips Screwdrivers Wrench for connecting battery cables (9/16'') Wire Cutters Wire Strippers Misc. assorted wire ties and connectors Accessories Needed for Installation • Fuse: UL Listed DC Rated slow blow fuse as required by NEC • Electrical wire (10 gauge) for AC input wiring. Consult NEC for proper size for output wiring. • Battery Cables with 3/8'' ring terminal 1 positive, 1 negative (Consult NEC for proper size) • DC fuse cable • Mounting Bolts (4) • Strain Relief (2) 21 INSTALLATION CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Do not remove cover, no user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel. The Freedom Combi is appropriate for installation in recreational and commercial maritime applications. It is recommended that installation be completed by an authorized Xantrex technical dealer or experienced marine electrician. Key Installation Points 1. The unit is designed to mount vertically (bulkhead) or horizontally (on a shelf). 2. Allow several inches of clearance around the unit to permit a supply of fresh air to the cooling fan. Do not block any of the vents or louvers. The thermostat controlled fan pulls air from outside the unit. It pulls air across the internal components, particularly the transformer and heat sinks, then out the fan vent. 3. Keep the inverter/charger out of the elements and out of direct contact with water or spray. Failure to do so may result in premature malfunction from corrosion and void the warranty. 4. Mount the unit as close to the batteries as possible but not in the presence of flammable fumes or in an unvented battery compartment. Keep the overall length of each battery cable less than 10 feet. Note: For more information on inverter location selection refer American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC) recommendation A-25. Refer to page 33. 22 5. Do not connect the inverter battery negative cable to the vessel safety ground. Run the negative (-) cable directly to the battery bank. If the positive (+) and negative (-) cables run parallel to each other, twist the cables together. This will minimize the inductive adverse effects of cable length. Be sure the cable size meets with NEC requirements for your installation. 6. Make sure all wiring conforms to local and national electrical codes. If in doubt, consult ABYC, NEC, or a qualified marine electrician. 7. To meet electrical codes, a UL Listed DC Rated slow blow fuse must be installed in the positive battery cable within 7 inches of the current source. Unless the conductor is attached to the battery terminal, then it must be within 72 inches (ABYC standard). This fuse is intended to protect the battery and cables against a short circuit. The inverter is protected internally and will not blow a properly sized fuse. 8. Do not connect the battery until you have read the remainder of the installation section. Observe proper polarity when connecting batteries. Reverse DC polarity will result in damage to the unit and will void the warranty. Use care when making the DC connections. WARNING The Freedom Series is not DC reverse polarity protected. Be very careful to connect the negative and positive cables correctly, otherwise damage will result and the warranty will be void. INSTALLATION 9. Do not backfeed the AC output of the inverter with incoming AC power. A backfeed occurs when AC power from shorepower or generator is connected to the output of the inverter. This will damage the inverter and void the warranty. Remember that incoming AC must be fed only to the AC input and never the AC output. Always check for AC voltage before connecting wires to the AC output. Do NOT turn the inverter ON until all AC connections have been made. Backfeeding the inverter voids the warranty. covered in recommended heat shrink tubing. Carefully follow the manufacturer’s directions to meet all requirements. 12. If installing in a system which includes an existing battery charger or AC to DC converter, make sure these do not operate from the inverter output AC power. This sets up a power loop which, due to inefficiencies, will quickly drain the batteries. WARNING Do not connect incoming AC from any source to the AC output of the inverter. This is known as backfeeding, and will damage the unit and void the warranty. Battery Cable Covers + Positive 10. Do not connect the AC input to the AC output. This would be equivalent to plugging the battery charger into the inverter. This could occur if the unit’s AC output is connected to the entire leg of a circuit breaker panel, then a circuit breaker on that leg is used to feed the battery charger input. This will cause the unit to oscillate ON and OFF when the unit is in inverter mode. - Negative Freedom Marine 20 11. Always use proper wire and connectors. The proper battery cable size is critical. Consult ABYC, UL, NEC or your marine electrician for recommended battery cable size. Considerable amperage flows in the DC circuit. Use recommended cable terminated on each end with recommended ring terminal connectors. Be sure the connectors are attached to the cable using a method approved by the connector manufacturer. After the crimp is made, the barrel of the terminal and the first inch of the cable needs to be 23 INSTALLATION Grounding For safety purposes, the chassis of the inverter/charger must be connected to your AC ground system. Use 8 AWG bare copper or green insulated wire, strip one end and use a screwdriver to secure it to the chassis ground bonding lug on the side of the unit. This wire will connect to the ground in your AC electrical system. Make sure the connection is clean and tight. The system AC ground compression terminal blocks are shipped in the accessory packet. These may be used to make the connections in the wiring compartment. This terminal block is for the bare copper or green ground wires from the AC branch circuit supply and to the AC loads or distribution panel. It is important that these AC input and AC output ground wires also connect to the AC ground bus in the circuit breaker panels. The compression terminal blocks are labeled Ground/green ( ), Neutral/white (N), Hot or Line/black (L). Some installations require heavier chassis grounding wire. Refer to local and national electrical codes. Note: For additional information on grounding refer to American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC) recommendation A-25.6. Refer to page 33. Ground Lug 24 Note: The battery cables are not connected to the chassis lug of the unit. Neutral Bonding For safety purposes and NEC code requirements, the Freedom Combi unit internally bonds the AC output neutral (white) to the AC output ground (green), when the unit is OFF or in the inverter mode. When incoming AC power is applied and the transfer switch is engaged, the internal neutral-to-ground bond is automatically lifted. When external AC power is applied, the grounding system is connected to the source power ground, where neutral and earth ground are bonded together. This technique ensures safety in all conditions and conforms to the requirements of the NEC. WARNING Do not connect incoming AC from any source to the AC output of the inverter/ charger. This is known as backfeeding and will damage the unit and void the warranty. The Over Temp/Overload and Low Battery LEDs will be blinking rapidly if this condition exists. INSTALLATION AC Wiring Determine which knockout(s) on the front or side panels will be utilized and remove them from the inverter. Note: Only remove the knockout you will use to route the AC wires, leaving the other knockout(s) intact. Install a strain relief in knockout holes. Depending upon which model you have, there can be one or two AC inputs and one or two AC outputs within the AC wiring compartment. The labeling for the pigtails is on the front of the unit. Ground/green ......... Green to Green Neutral/white ...........N White to White Hot or Line/black .....L Black to Black Conventional metal or plastic strain reliefs may be used or 3/4 inch conduit fittings if the wiring will be routed through a conduit. Appropriate wire gauges must be used throughout the installation. Refer to NEC specifications. AC Input: All inputs from other AC sources must be protected by branch circuit rated breakers. In the United States, no additional circuit breakers are required between the inverter/ charger and the loads if the AC input service to the inverter/charger is protected by a 15 or 20 ampere branch circuit rated breaker. This also applies to Dual Input models (Freedom 25 and 30) where the inputs may be 15 or 20 amperes each. In Canada, 15 ampere branch circuit(s) maximum shall provide the service. If a 30 ampere service supplies the inverter/charger, additional 20 ampere (15 ampere in Canada) maximum branch circuit rated breakers will be required between the inverter/charger AC output and the loads. Feed the AC input wire(s) through the knockout and into the AC wiring compartment. Allow 6 inches of individual insulated black, white and green wire to work with. Strip approximately 1/2 inch of insulation off each conductor and connect to the compression terminal block: Black to Black, White to White, and Green to Green. You may choose to use butt splices (not included) to make the wire connections. AC Output: Feed AC output wire group(s) through the knockout. Remember to allow 6 inches of individual insulated black, white and green wire to work with. Strip 1/2 inch of insulation off each conductor and connect to the compression terminal block: Black to Black, White to White, and Green to Green. Tug firmly on each connection to make sure they are secure. Later, if the unit is not operating properly, check these connections first. Carefully tuck the wires into the AC wiring compartment. Secure the cover plate over the electrical compartment. The cover plate is in the accessory package. AC Electrical Wiring Compartment KNOCKOUT KNOCKOUT AC INPUT COMPRESSION TERMINAL BLOCK installed AC OUTPUT 25 INSTALLATION Ground Fault Circult Interrupters To conform to NEC regulations, certain branch circuits must be equipped with a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI). Consult the code or a qualified marine electrician for details. Any such branch circuits must be protected by a branch circuit rated breaker consistent with the GFCI rating. Underwriters Laboratories has tested the following GFCI, and its use is recommended. Receptacle Type: Pass & Seymour Catalog Number 1591 Rated: 15 Amps at 120 Volts AC Remote Control Wiring If installing a remote panel, route the remote cable and connect to the Remote jack on the front of the unit. Refer to the Remote Control Panel or Link Owner’s Manual for more information. TSC Temperature Sensor If installing the TSC (Temperature Sensitive Charging) sensor, connect the ring terminal end to a battery post, complete the routing of the RJ11 cable (20 feet supplied) and connect the plug end to the TSC jack on the front of the unit TSC Jack DC Wiring DC wiring is generally very simple—the positive (+, may be red for identification) and negative (-, may be black or yellow for identification) cables from the inverter/charger terminal posts are connected to the house or auxiliary battery. Connection to the engine starter battery is not recommended. High current will pass through the DC wiring. All wires must be properly sized and all connections clean and tight. It is recommended that the battery cable length does not exceed 10 feet. Battery cables should be connected to the inverter/charger before any connections are made to the battery. Follow the battery cable hardware stackup diagram. • Bolt the negative (-) battery cable with a 3/8'' ring terminal to the negative (black -) terminal assembly on the side of the inverter. Tighten the battery terminal bolts to a torque value between 160 inch-pounds and 180 inchpounds (100 inch-pounds for bronze). Secure the cover on the negative terminal (found in the accessory package) before connecting the positive cable. Bolt Battery Cable Hardware Stackup Diagram Lock Washer Flat Washer Battery Cable Inverter/Charger Freedom Marine 20 shown CAUTION Improper stackup may result in excessive heat and damage to the unit. WARNING Freedom Inverter/Chargers are not protected against DC reverse polarity. Be very careful to connect the negative and positive cables correctly or damage will result and the warranty will be void. 26 INSTALLATION • Bolt the positive (+) battery cable with 3/8'' ring terminal to the positive (red +) terminal assembly on the side of the inverter. Tighten the battery terminal bolts to a torque value between 160 inch-pounds and 180 inchpounds. Secure the cover on the positive terminal (found in the accessory package) before continuing the installation. The negative (-) cable should be connected directly to the negative post of the house or auxiliary battery bank or the ground side of a current shunt. Tighten securely. If multiple batteries are used, the interconnecting jumper cables should be the same AWG as those connected to the inverter/charger. If utilizing the echo-charge feature to charge starting or auxiliary battery banks, use 12 AWG to make the connection between the echo-charge output and the positive (+) terminal post of the auxiliary battery. Each output should be fused within 72 inches of the battery with a 20 ampere fuse. The positive (+) battery cable must be fused and connected to the positive post of the house or auxiliary battery bank, or through a selector switch to one or more battery banks. A spark may be generated when the final battery connection is made. This is normal; do not be alarmed. However, do not make the final connection in the presence of flammable fumes. 12 AWG S echo-charge 1 echo-charge 2 Auxiliary or Start battery Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger 10, 15, 20 25, 30 1 echo-charge output 2 echo-charge outputs Battery Cable Connections POSITIVE (+) (Battery Cable Cover on) NEGATIVE (-) (Battery Cable Cover on) POSITIVE (+) (Battery Cable Cover off) NEGATIVE (-) (Battery Cable Cover off) 27 INSTALLATION Battery Cable Fusing A fuse is required by the NEC to protect the battery and cables. A UL Listed DC rated slow blow fuse must be installed in the positive (+) battery cable, within 72 inches of the battery or within 7 inches of a positive bus or switch. Recommended Fuse: UL Listed Class T JLLN with a DC Rating. This fuse with fuse holder is available from your dealer or Xantrex. For Freedom 10 & 15 200 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4155-00 (C/R)* 200 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4158-00 (R/R)** 200 amp Fuse Only PN# 84-4157-00 For Freedom 20, 25, & 30 300 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4156-00 (C/R)* 300 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4154-00 (R/R)** 300 amp Fuse Only PN# 84-4151-00 * Compression / Ring Terminal ** Ring / Ring Terminal HARDWARE STACK-UP OPTIONS + (red) COMPRESSION / RING TERMINAL EXPLODED VIEWS OF FUSE ASSEMBLY NUT RING / RING TERMINAL LOCK WASHER NUT FLAT WASHER INVERTER CABLE FUSE FUSE HOLDER WARNING Improper stack up of hardware will cause excessive heat and fuse failure. Stack up as shown. 28 LOCK WASHER BATTERY CABLE INVERTER CABLE FLAT WASHER BATTERY CABLE FUSE FUSE HOLDER INSTALLATION OPTIONS Installation Options Installation options 1, 2, 3, and 4 are the most commonly used applications involving specific shorepower connections, generator power options, and AC load configurations. Shorepower configurations: Systems with one 30 amp single phase shorepower source with optional generator Systems with two 30 amp shorepower sources with optional generator Systems with a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source with optional generator Systems with a 50 amp 120/240 volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source with optional generator Inverter/charger configurations: Single Input/Single Output Freedom Marine Model 10, 15, 20 General Guide for Fuse Size and DC Cable Size* Nominal Current Cable AWG by Length (metric) Model Fuse Siz e DC Amps 1–3 ft. 3–6 ft. 6–10 ft. F-10 200 A D C 100 A 2 2 1/0 F-15 200 A D C 150 A 1/0 1/0 2/0 F-20 300 A D C 200 A 2/0 2/0 3/0 F-25 300 A D C 250 A 2/0 3/0 3/0 F-30 350 A D C 300 A 3/0 3/0 4/0 *This guide is intended to provide general recommendations for fuse and cable sizing. Always consult Local and National Electrical Codes for proper fuse and cable size prior to installation. Note: The chassis grounding wire must be no smaller than 1 gauge under that of the positive battery cable. Dual Input/Dual Output Freedom Marine Model 25 and 30 • Can be connected with single in/single out mode • Can be connected with dual in/single out mode • Can be connected with dual in/dual out mode 29 INSTALLATION OPTIONS Dual In/Dual Out Configuration These diagrams are intended to be a visual representation of the AC power “path” through the Inverter/Charger with AC power applied to 1, 2, or both of the AC input connections. These diagrams are meant only to show switching characteristics, and they are not intended to illustrate actual circuit components or connections. Inverter Mode: With no power applied to either AC input, the Inverter is On and power is applied to both the “AC Out 1” and “AC Out 2” outputs. Charger/Transfer Mode 1: With power applied to “AC In 1” only, the Charger is on and power from “AC In 1” is transferred to both AC outputs. Power to both outputs is “shared” with the Charger. Transfer Mode: With power applied to “AC In 2” only, the Charger is Off and power from “AC In 2” is transferred to “AC Out 2” only. “AC Out 1” is not active. Charger/Transfer Mode 2: With power applied to both AC inputs, the Charger is On, power from “AC In 1” is transferred to “AC Out 1” and power from “AC In 2” is transferred to “AC Out 2.” Only “AC In 1” power is “shared” with the charger. 30 INSTALLATION OPTIONS Installation Option 1 for Freedom Marine 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 The inverter is used in a Single Input/Single Output mode. Up to 30 amps is transferred through the Freedom Marine unit with the charger sharing power with all of the AC loads. In this installation example, a single 30 amp shorepower source is available and all AC loads are supplied power through the inverter in charge/transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode. The charger shares power with the AC loads and can transfer up to 30 amps. When installing a Freedom Marine 25 or 30 model, AC Input #2 and AC Output #2 are not used and must be capped off. The AC input power must be supplied through a 30 amp, double pole, main breaker. In this type of a system the panel loads would normally not include any heavy loads such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers. If these types of loads are present, they should be turned OFF when inverter power is being used to prevent overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank. To avoid the need for this manual form of energy management, installation options 2, 3 or 4 should be considered. If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the input of the inverter/ charger. Freedom Marine Installation Option 1 Freedom Marine Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 12 VDC Battery Bank Inverter AC Sub Panel To Inverter AC Loads + Class T Fuse Single Input/ Single Output 30 Amp Transfer Switch Power Shares with Charger. AC ground and DC ground are shown connected, therefore galvanic protection is recommended. Hot Bus Neutral Bus *AC Input 2 and AC Output 2 are available only on Freedom 25 and 30 Models. Battery Switch Ground Bus ** Always consult Local and National Electrical Codes for proper wire size prior to installation. + - Optional Galvanic Isolation Cap* Off each wire separately 30 A Shore Power 10/3 AWG Wire** AC Output 2 AC Output 1 Optional Transfer Switch AC Input 2 Hot AC Input 1 Neutral Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger AC Wire Colors Hot = Black Neutral = White Ground = Green 30 A Double Pole Main Breaker Gen. Ground Optional Generator 31 INSTALLATION OPTIONS Installation Option 2 for Freedom Marine 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 The inverter is used in a Single Input/Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be a single 30 amp shorepower source or a 30 amp breaker from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, 1 leg of a 50 amp 120/240 split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger shares power with the inverter loads only. In this installation example, one single phase shorepower source is available or only one leg of a split phase source is used to supply the AC input of the inverter/charger. It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliances and outlet circuits be connected to the Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in charge/ transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode. The charger shares power with the inverter loads only and can transfer up to 30 amps. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers should remain connected to the Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shorepower or generator power from the main panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminates the need to manually manage the energy usage of these loads when using inverter power. The inverter AC input must be supplied power from a 30 amp breaker in the main panel and from the main neutral bus. The inverter’s AC output supplies a separate sub panel. The appliance and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and neutral bus in the sub panel. When installing a Freedom Marine 25 or 30 model, AC Input #2 and AC Output #2 are not used and must be capped off. If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the input of the Main AC Panel. Freedom Marine Installation Option 2 Freedom Marine Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 Single Input/ Single Output 12 VDC Battery Bank + 30 Amp Transfer Switch Power Shares with Charger. Inverter AC Sub Panel To Inverter AC Loads Class T Fuse AC ground and DC ground are shown connected, therefore, galvanic protection is recommended Hot Bus *AC Input 2 and AC Output 2 are available only on Freedom 25 and 30 Models. Neutral Bus Battery Switch Ground Bus + - Cap* Off each wire separately ** Always consult Local and National Electrical Codes for proper wire size prior to installation. 10/3 AWG Wire** From Shore or Generator Hot Neu. Gnd. AC Output 2 Main AC Output 1 Main Hot Bus AC Input 2 30 AC Input 1 Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger 32 AC Wire Colors Hot = Black Neutral = White Ground = Green Neutral Bus Ground Bus Main AC Panel INSTALLATION OPTIONS Installation Option 3 for Freedom Marine 25 and 30 The inverter is used in a Dual Input/Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate), or two 30 amp breakers from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, a 50 amp 120/240 volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger uses one 30 amp source of power (AC Input #1) and the other 30 amp source (AC Input #2) transfers through the inverter to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2. There is no power sharing between the charger and the inverter loads in this mode. It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliances and outlet circuits be connected to the Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers should remain connected to the Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shorepower or generator power from the main panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminates the need to manually manage the energy usage of these loads when using inverter power. The inverter AC Input #1 must be supplied power from a 30 amp breaker and neutral in the main panel and is used to power the charger only. AC Input #2 must be supplied by a second 30 amp breaker and neutral in the main panel which transfers through the inverter to AC Output #2. These two input breakers can be supplied by the same phase or as long as the neutrals are separate, by opposite phases. The inverter AC Output #2 supplies a separate sub panel. The appliance and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and inverter neutral bus in the sub panel. AC Output #1 is not used and must be capped off. If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the input of the Main AC Panel. If only AC Input #1 is supplied power, the unit will charge and power share with and transfer power to the loads on AC Output # 2. If only AC Input #2 is supplied power, the unit will not charge and will only transfer 30 amps through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2. 33 INSTALLATION OPTIONS Freedom Marine Installation Option 3 Freedom Marine Model 25, 30 Dual Input/ Single Output 12 VDC Battery Bank Inverter AC Sub Panel To Inverter AC Loads + Class T Fuse 30 Amp Transfer Separate Charge Input Power Sharing Not Active AC ground and DC ground are shown connected, therefore, galvanic protection is recommended. Hot Bus **Always consult Local and National Electrical Codes for proper wire size prior to installation Neutral Bus Battery Switch Ground Bus + - Cap* Off each wire separately From Shore or Generator L1 Neu Gnd L2 Main Main 10/3 AWG Wire** 30 AC Output 2 AC Output 1 30 Neutral Bus AC Input 2 Ground Bus AC Input 1 Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger 34 AC Wire Colors Hot = Black Neutral = White Ground = Green Main AC Panel INSTALLATION OPTIONS Installation Option 4 for Freedom Marine 25 and 30 The inverter is used in a Dual Input/Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate), or two 30 amp breakers from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, a 50 amp 120/240 volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger uses one 30 amp source of power (AC Input #1) and the other 30 amp source (AC Input #2) transfers through the inverter to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2. In inverter mode, the inverter powers both groups of inverter loads. In charge/transfer mode, up to 60 amps can be transferred to the inverter loads. The inverter loads are split into two groups so that these loads can be used to help balance the two legs of shorepower or generator power. It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliances and outlet circuits be connected to the Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in charge/transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers should remain connected to the Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shorepower or generator power from the main panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminates the need to manually manage the energy usage of these loads when using inverter power. The inverter AC Input #1 must be supplied power from a 30 amp breaker and neutral in the main panel and is used to power the charger and transfer up to 30 amps through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #1. AC Input #2 must be supplied by a second 30 amp breaker in the main panel which transfers through the inverter to AC Output #2. These two input breakers can be supplied by the same phase or by opposite phases. The inverter AC outputs supply a separate sub panel. The appliance and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and inverter neutral buses in the sub panel. If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the input of the Main AC Panel. If only AC Input #1 is supplied power, the unit will charge and transfer up to 30 amps through to both groups of inverter loads. The charger will power share with both groups of inverter loads. If only AC Input #2 is supplied power, the unit will not charge, and will only transfer 30 amps through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2 only. 35 INSTALLATION OPTIONS Freedom Marine Installation Option 4 Freedom Marine Model 25, 30 Dual Input/ Dual Output 30 Amp Transfer of two Legs of power (60 Amp total) Inverter AC Sub Panel L2 L1 12 VDC Battery Bank - AC ground and DC ground are shown connected, therefore, galvanic protection is recommended Hot Bus + Class T Fuse * 2 Neutral buses are required if Shore Power is supplied from two Separate 30A sources. * Neutral 2 Bus Battery Switch **Always consult Local and National Electrical Codes for proper wire size prior to installation Neutral 1 Bus Ground Bus From Shore or Generator . L2 L1 Neu Gnd Main + - Main 10/3 AWG Wire** AC Output 2 30 AC Output 1 30 Neutral Bus Ground Bus AC Input 2 AC Input 1 AC Wire Colors Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger 36 Hot = Black Neutral = White Ground = Green Main AC Panel INSTALLATION CHECKS Follow these instructions to ensure proper startup and confirm that the installation is correct. 1. Check to make sure Invert and Charge are OFF. The INVERT LED should not be illuminated, the CHARGE LED should be blinking (charger ready but no external AC power available). If using a Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument, make sure inverter and charger indicators are OFF. 2. Check battery polarity. If the unit was connected to the battery with reverse polarity, the unit will be damaged. 3. Check the battery voltage and ensure it is within proper range for the unit (10–15.5 VDC). Do not apply shorepower or generator power without performing the following steps: 1. Test the inverter function: • With no loads connected to the output of the inverter, turn the INVERT Switch ON. The INVERT LED should be solid green. If using a remote, turn ON the inverter with the switch on the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument. • The Freedom unit will produce a slight ticking. If using a Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument the INVERT LED will illuminate and the voltage indicator will display the battery voltage. The DC Amps LED will not be lit because the unit is in the idle mode. WARNING Do not turn the inverter ON before eliminating any possibility of backfeed. • Leave the load connected and turn OFF the INVERT mode by pressing the INVERT switch or turn OFF the INVERT mode from the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument. 2. Test the transfer function: • Be sure the unit is OFF, the INVERT and CHARGE LEDs are not illuminated. Apply shorepower. If there is a backfeed in the installation, the unit will protect itself—the LOW BATTERY and OVERTEMP/OVERLOAD LED will both be blinking rapidly (five times per second). Do not proceed until the backfeed condition has been corrected. • Once shorepower has been applied to the unit, there will be approximately an 8-second delay. Then the unit should transfer shorepower and power the load. If this does not happen, do not proceed. If the LOW BATTERY and OVERLOAD/OVERTEMP LEDs are blinking rapidly or if you are using a Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument, check the panel for a backfeed indication. The panel will show an overload condition. Eliminate the backfeed condition. • Add a load of 7 watts or more to the output of the inverter. A 40 watt incandescent light bulb will work fine. The DC Amps LEDs on the remote will indicate the DC draw from the battery through the inverter. 37 INSTALLATION CHECKS • Testing for backfeed. If a backfeed condition is indicated, disconnect from shorepower and disconnect the AC output wires from the inverter. Make sure the inverter is OFF. Caution: Apply shorepower and measure for voltage between the black and white wires that were attached to the inverter output feeding the electrical panel or loads, not the inverter output wires. If there is voltage on these wires, a backfeed condition exists and must be corrected or damage will result. 3. Test the battery charger function: • With shorepower applied and the transfer switch engaged, the battery charger should be in operation. The CHARGE LED will blink for 8 seconds. After the 8 seconds, the unit will enter the charge mode and the LED will be illuminated. (When using Temperature Sensitive Charging, this time may be longer.) When AC is available, the unit will automatically default to charge mode without the operator setting the unit in CHARGE mode. It is necessary to press the CHARGE switch OFF, if you do not want to charge. Verify the charger is working by using a volt meter. Use this same method on the start or auxiliary battery connected to the echocharge to verify echo-charge operation. The battery voltage should gradually increase. If using a Remote Control Panel, DC Amps LED indicates charger output and the DC Volts LED indicates an increase in battery voltage. Note: The house battery bank must be above 13.0 volts for the echo-charge to be operational. 38 • Turn the inverter ON—the green LED should blink. Remove shorepower and the inverter should automatically pick up the AC load when shorepower is removed. Repeat the test for transfer and battery charger with the generator if you have one. Congratulations, you have completed a successful installation. Note: For low power system shutdown mode, both the INVERT and CHARGE LEDs must be OFF. TROUBLESHOOTING LED STATUS L E D S t at u s INVERT CHARGE Op er at io n St at u s L OW B ATTERY N o t es OVERTEMP OVERL OAD Solid Green Blinking Green OFF OFF Inverting. Charger ready but no external AC available. Normal Blinking Green Solid Green OFF OFF Inverter is in standby. Battery is being charged. Normal, charging current limited if AC load exceeds Power Sharing setting. Blinking Green OFF OFF OFF Inverter is in istandby. Charger manually turned off. If AC power is removed and reapplied, the charger will automatically turn ON. OFF Solid Green OFF OFF Solid Green Blinking Green Solid Red * Inverting. Charger ready but no external AC available. Battery Voltage Warning: 10V<VDC>15V Warning. Battery voltage less than 10 or more than 15 volts Solid Green Blinking Green Solid Red Inverting. Charger ready but no external AC available. Overtemperature Warning Warning. Inverter shutdown. OFF Blinking Green Slow Blinking Red * Battery Voltage shutdown: 10V< VDC >15V Inverter Shutdown. Operation will resume when battery reaches 13.5 volts OFF Blinking Green * Slow Blinking Red Charger ready but no external AC power available. Charger over-temperature Shutdown Operation will automatically resume after unit has cooled down OFF Blinking Green * Fast Blinking Red Inverter Overload Shutdown Reduce AC load. Manually restart the system OFF Blinking Green Fast Blinking Red Fast Blinking Red Backfeed Shutdown. Incorrect AC wiring Correct AC in wiring before use. Manually restart the system. OFF Blinking Green Fast Blinking Red OFF Battery Ripple Warning * Inverter OFF. Charging. Reset the inverter by pushing INVERT button. LED should blink. * Could be either ON or OFF status. 39 TROUBLESHOOTING Pro bl em No Inverter Output 40 Th i n g s t o Ch eck 1. Battery voltage under load below 10 volts. Charge batteries. 2. Loose battery connections, open battery switch or blown DC fuse. Tighten connections or replace fuse. 3. Tripped circuit breaker on front panel. Push-in to reset breaker. 4. Thermal condition, excessive loads or inadequate ventilation caused overheating. Allow to cool. Ventilate the compartment. 5. Overloads or short circuit, check for excessive loads or shorted wiring. Disconnect loads. Low Inverter Output Voltage Confirm that your volt meter is a True RMS meter. Standard volt meters will not accurately read the waveform of the inverter and may read anywhere from 90 to 120 volts. If a True RMS meter is not available, check the brightness of an incandescent light bulb - if it appears normal, the output voltage is properly regulated. Little or No Output from Battery Chargers 1. Wiring - check both the AC and DC connections. 2. AC input voltage - low voltage input will result in low DC output current. Expect reduced charger output from generators under 3,500 watts. 3. Check power share setting if using a remote panel. 4. If Starter or Auxiliary battery is not charging quickly, check the difference between the house battery and the starter battery with a volt meter. If difference is greater than 3.2 volts, the echo~charge will reduce energy delivered to the start battery. Check all connections to the house and starter battery. 5. If there is no energy output to the start battery and the house battery voltage is above 13.0 volts, a thermal shutdown of the individual echo~charge has occured. The echo~charge will automatically restart when the temperature drops to a safe level. Microwave Oven Cooking Slow 1. Microwave ovens will normally cook slower on inverter power because the modified sine wave output has a slightly low peak AC voltage. 2. Cooking speed will be determined by battery voltage. Low voltage results in increased cooking time. Support the battery bank with an alternator or other charging source for quicker cooking. Slow or Fast Digital Clock 1. Digital clocks either employ an internal time base or derive their time base from the incoming AC waveform. The inverter frequency is well regulated at 60 Hz. The clock either counts the number of peaks in the waveform or the number of times the waveform crosses zero volts. The circuitry that counts the zero crossing events is more popular. The longer zero cross time of the inverter's modified sine wave may cause double clocking, resulting in a faster clock. GLOSSARY Alternating Current (AC) An electric current that reverses direction at regular intervals. Sources of alternating current are shore power, generator power, inverter power or household current. American Boat & Yacht Council (ABYC) sets the standards for safe boating. Freedom Marine conforms to ABYC standards A-20 “Battery Charging Devices” and A-25 “Power Inverters.” For standard information, contact ABYC, 3069 Solomons Island Road, Edgewater, MD 21037-1416 (410)956-1050 fax (410)956-2737. Ampere (Amp, A) The unit of measure of electron flow rate of current through a circuit. Ampere-hour (Amp-Hr., Ah) A unit of measure for a battery’s electrical storage capacity, obtained by multiplying the current in amperes by the time in hours of discharge (Example: a battery which delivers 5 amperes for 20 hours delivers 5 amperes times 20 hours, or 100 amp hours of capacity.) Ampere-Hour Capacity The ability of a fully charged battery to deliver a specified quantity of electricity (Amp-Hr., Ah) at a given rate (Amp, A) over a definite period of time (Hr.). The capacity of a battery depends upon a number of factors such as active material, weight, density, adhesion to grid, number, design and dimensions of plates, plate spacing design of separators, specific gravity and quantity of available electrolyte, grid alloys, final limiting voltage, discharge rate, temperature, internal and external resistance, age and life of the battery (bank). Circuit An electric circuit is the path of an electric current. A closed circuit has a complete path. An open circuit has a broken or disconnected path. Circuit (Series) A circuit which has only one path for the current to flow. Batteries arranged in series are connected with the negative of the first to the positive of the second, negative of the second to the positive of the third, and so on. If two 6 volt batteries of 50 ampere-hours capacity are connected in series, the circuit voltage is equal to the sum of the two battery voltages, or 12 volts, and the ampere-hour capacity of the combination is 50 ampere hours. Circuit (Parallel) A circuit which provides more than one path for current flow. A parallel arrangement of batteries (of like voltage and capacity) would have all positive terminals connected to a conductor and all negative terminals connected to another conductor. If two 12 volt batteries of 50 ampere-hour capacity each are connected in parallel, the circuit voltage is 12 volts, and the ampere-hour capacity of the combination is 100 ampere hours. Current The rate of flow of electricity or the movement rate of electrons along a conductor. It is comparable to the flow of a stream of water. The unit of measure for current is ampere. Cycle In a battery, one discharge plus one recharge equals one cycle. Direct Current (DC) Current that flows continuously in one direction such as that from batteries, photovoltaics, alternators, chargers and DC generators. AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) Battery A lead acid, maintenance-free battery. AWG (American Wire Gauge) A standard used to measure the size of wire. 41 GLOSSARY Equalize Charge A controlled overcharge of the batteries that brings all cells up to the same voltage potential, extends the battery life, restores capacity and mixes the electrolyte. This can only be done using the Freedom Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument. Gel Cell Battery A type of battery that uses a gelled electrolyte solution. These batteries are sealed and are virtually maintenance free. Not all sealed batteries are the gel cell type. GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) A protective device that rapidly de-energizes a circuit when current to ground exceeds a predetermined value. Ground The reference potential of a circuit. In automotive use, the result of attaching one battery cable to the body or frame which is used as a path for completing a circuit in lieu of a direct wire from a component. This method is not suitable for connecting the negative cable of the inverter to ground. Instead, route the cable directly to the negative terminal of the battery. LED (Light Emitting Diode) Indicator light. Link Instrument These panels monitor single and dual battery banks. Some models provide remote management of Freedom Inverter/ Chargers. Available in five models: Link 10, Link 20, Link 1000, Link 2000, Link 2000-R. NEC National Electric Code. Contact National Fire Protection Association, One Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (617)770-3000 Negative (-) Designating or pertaining to electrical potential. The negative terminal is the point from which electrons flow during discharge. 42 Ohm A unit for measuring electrical resistance. Ohm’s Law Expresses the relationship between voltage (V) and current (I) in an electrical circuit with resistance (R). It can be expressed as follows: V=IR. If any two of the three values are known, the third value can be calculated by using the above formula. Positive (+) Designating or pertaining to electrical potential; opposite of negative. The positive battery terminal is the point where electrons return to the battery during discharge. Power Sharing The feature of the charger to reduce its output when the AC power being consumed by the charger and external AC loads connected to the output of the inverter are in excess of the input breaker rating. TSC Abbreviation for Temperature Sensitive Charging. The ability of the charger to adjust its charging voltage based on the temperature sensed at the battery bank if a temperature probe is used. Volt The unit of measure for electric potential. Watt The unit for measuring electrical power, that is, the rate of doing work, in moving electrons by or against an electric potential. Watt-Hour (Watt-HR, Wh) The unit for measuring electrical energy which equals watts x hours. Wet Cell Battery A type of battery that uses liquid as an electrolyte. The wet cell battery requires periodic maintenance—cleaning the connections, checking the electrolyte level and performing an equalization cycle. Freedom 30-12 81-3011-12 12 V D C 10-15.5 VD C 10 +/-0.5 VD C 90-130 VAC 50 or 60 Hz Quartz Regulated Freedom 25-12 81-2511-12 12 V D C 10-15.5 VD C 10 +/-0.5 VD C 90-130 VAC 50 or 60 Hz Quartz Regulated Freedom 20-12 81-2011-12 12 V D C 10-15.5 VD C 10 +/-0.5 VD C 90-130 VAC 50 or 60 Hz Quartz Regulated Freedom 15-12 81-1511-12 12 V D C 10-15.5 VD C 10 +/-0.5 VD C 90-130 VAC 50 or 60 Hz Quartz Regulated Freedom 10-12 81-1011-12 12 V D C 10-15.5 VD C 10 +/-0.5 VD C 90-130 VAC 50 or 60 Hz Quartz Regulated B attery Voltage R ange Low B attery C utout All 86% 93% Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage Over/Under Battery Voltage Short-ci rcui t C i rcui t Breaker Over C urrent Over Temperature 140 Amps D C 28 Amps AC 14.4+/-0.2 VD C 13.5+/-0.2 VD C 16.3 VD C Yes 2 Outputs 15 A / 14.4 VD C Opti onal Remote or Li nk 5 0 L b s. 13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4" All 87% 93% Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage Over/Under Battery Voltage Short-ci rcui t C i rcui t Breaker Over C urrent Over Temperature 130 Amps D C 26 Amps A C 14.4+/-0.2 VD C 13.5+/-0.2 VD C 16.3 VD C Yes 2 Outputs 15 A / 14.4 VD C Opti onal Remote or Li nk 5 0 L b s. 13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4" All 85% 93% Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage Over/Under Battery Voltage Short-ci rcui t C i rcui t Breaker Over C urrent Over Temperature 100 Amps D C 21 Amps AC 14.4+/-0.2 VD C 13.5+/-0.2 VD C 16.3 VD C Yes 1 Output 15 A / 14.4 VD C Opti onal Remote or Li nk 4 5 L b s. 13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4" All 86% 93% Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage Over/Under Battery Voltage Short-ci rcui t C i rcui t Breaker Over C urrent Over Temperature 75 Amps D C 16 Amps AC 14.4+/-0.2 VD C 13.5+/-0.2 VD C 16.3 VD C Yes 1 Output 15 A / 14.4 VD C Opti onal Remote or Li nk 4 5 L b s. 13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4" All 85% 93% Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage Over/Under Battery Voltage Short-ci rcui t C i rcui t Breaker Over C urrent Over Temperature 50 Amps D C 12 Amps AC 14.4+/-0.2 VD C 13.5+/-0.2 VD C 16.3 VD C Yes 1 Output 15 A / 14.4 VD C Opti onal Remote or Li nk 3 4 L b s. 13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4" Pow er Factors Allow ed Full Load Efficiency Peak Efficiency C harge R ate AC Input C urrent (Max C harge Mode) B ulk C harge Voltage Float Voltage Temperature Sensitive C harging Auxiliary B attery C harge Outputs Specifications subject to change without notice. Status panel Weight (lbs) D imensions (LxWxH ) Auxiliary B attery C harge C urrent/Voltage Equaliz ing C harge Voltage Protection 75 Amps A C 0.12 Amps D C 62.5 Amps A C 0.12 Amps D C 50 Amps A C 0.12 Amps D C 37.5 Amps A C 0.12 Amps D C 25 Amps AC 0.12 Amps D C Surge pow er N o Load C urrent D rain 3000 VA Modi fi ed Si ne Wave 2500 VA Modi fi ed Si ne Wave 2000 VA Modi fi ed Si ne Wave 1500 VA Modi fi ed Si ne Wave 1000 VA Modi fi ed Si ne Wave Wave Shape Inverter C ontinuous Output Pow er Frequency R egulation AC Input Voltage R ange N orminal B attery Voltage Part N umber SPECIFICATIONS 43 WARRANTY What does this warranty cover? This Limited Warranty is provided by Xantrex Technology, Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your Xantrex Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger. This warranty lasts for a Warranty Period of 30 months from the date of purchase at point of sale to you, the original end user customer. This Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners but only for the unexpired portion of the Warranty Period. What will Xantrex do? Xantrex will, at its option, repair or replace the defective product free of charge, provided that you notify Xantrex of the product defect within the Warranty Period, and provided that Xantrex through inspection establishes the existence of such a defect and that it is covered by this Limited Warranty. Xantrex will, at its option, use new and/or reconditioned parts in performing warranty repair and building replacement products. Xantrex reserves the right to use parts or products of original or improved design in the repair or replacement. If Xantrex repairs or replaces a product, its warranty continues for the remaining portion of the original Warranty Period or 90 days from the date of the return shipment to the customer, whichever is greater. All replaced products and all parts removed from repaired products become the property of Xantrex. Xantrex covers both parts and labor necessary to repair the product, and return shipment to the customer via a Xantrex-selected nonexpedited surface freight within the contiguous United States and Canada. Alaska and Hawaii are excluded. Contact Xantrex Customer Service for details on freight policy for return shipments outside of the contiguous United States and Canada. How do you get service? If your product requires troubleshooting or warranty service, contact your merchant. If you are unable to contact your merchant, or the merchant is unable to provide service, contact Xantrex directly at: Phone: Fax: Email: 1-800-670-0707 (toll free in North America), 1-604-422-2777 (direct) 1-604-420-2145 CustomerService@xantrex.com Direct returns may be performed according to the Xantrex Return Material Authorization Policy described in your product manual. For some products, Xantrex maintains a network of regional Authorized Service Centers. Call Xantrex or check our Web site to see if your product can be repaired at one of these facilities. In any warranty claim, dated proof of purchase must accompany the product and the product must not have been disassembled or modified without prior written authorization by Xantrex. Proof of purchase may be in any one of the following forms: • • • The dated purchase receipt from the original purchase of the product at point of sale to the end user, or The dated dealer invoice or purchase receipt showing original equipment manufacturer (OEM) status, or The dated invoice or purchase receipt showing the product exchanged under warranty What does this warranty not cover? This Limited Warranty does not cover normal wear and tear of the product or costs related to the removal, installation, or troubleshooting of the customer’s electrical systems. This warranty does not apply to and Xantrex will not be responsible for any defect in or damage to: a) b) c) d) e) 44 the product if it has been misused, neglected, improperly installed, physically damaged or altered, either internally or externally, or damaged from improper use or use in an unsuitable environment; the product if it has been subjected to fire, water, generalized corrosion, biological infestations, or input voltage that creates operating conditions beyond the maximum or minimum limits listed in the Xantrex product specifications including high input voltage from generators and lightning strikes; the product if repairs have been done to it other than by Xantrex or its authorized service centers (hereafter “ASCs”); the product if it is used as a component part of a product expressly warranted by another manufacturer; the product if its original identification (trade-mark, serial number) markings have been defaced, altered, or removed. WARRANTY Disclaimer Product THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY PROVIDED BY XANTREX IN CONNECTION WITH YOUR XANTREX PRODUCT AND IS, WHERE PERMITTED BY LAW, IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, GUARANTEES, REPRESENTATIONS, OBLIGATIONS AND LIABILITIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE IN CONNECTION WITH THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER ARISING (WHETHER BY CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, PRINCIPLES OF MANUFACTURER’S LIABILITY, OPERATION OF LAW, CONDUCT, STATEMENT OR OTHERWISE), INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW TO APPLY TO THE PRODUCT SHALL BE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE PERIOD STIPULATED UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY. IN NO EVENT WILL XANTREX BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSSES, COSTS OR EXPENSES HOWEVER ARISING WHETHER IN CONTRACT OR TORT INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY ECONOMIC LOSSES OF ANY KIND, ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PROPERTY, ANY PERSONAL INJURY, ANY DAMAGE OR INJURY ARISING FROM OR AS A RESULT OF MISUSE OR ABUSE, OR THE INCORRECT INSTALLATION, INTEGRATION OR OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT. Exclusions If this product is a consumer product, federal law does not allow an exclusion of implied warranties. To the extent you are entitled to implied warranties under federal law, to the extent permitted by applicable law they are limited to the duration of this Limited Warranty. Some states and provinces do not allow limitations or exclusions on implied warranties or on the duration of an implied warranty or on the limitation or exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have other rights which may vary from state to state or province to province. Warning: Limitations On Use Please refer to your product user manual for limitations on uses of the product. Specifically, please note that the Xantrex Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger is not intended for use in connection with life support systems and Xantrex makes no warranty or representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes. Please note that the Xantrex Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger is not intended for use as an uninterruptible power supply and Xantrex makes no warranty or representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes. Return Material Authorization Policy Before returning a product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number and the correct factory “Ship To” address. Products must also be shipped prepaid. Product shipments will be refused and returned at your expense if they are unauthorized, returned without an RMA number clearly marked on the outside of the shipping box, if they are shipped collect, or if they are shipped to the wrong location. When you contact Xantrex to obtain service, please have your instruction manual ready for reference and be prepared to supply: • • • • The serial number of your product Information about the installation and use of the unit Information about the failure and/or reason for the return A copy of your dated proof of purchase 45 WARRANTY Return Procedure 1. Package the unit safely, preferably using the original box and packing materials. Please ensure that your product is shipped fully insured in the original packaging or equivalent. This warranty will not apply where the product is damaged due to improper packaging. 2. Include the following: • The RMA number supplied by Xantrex Technology Inc clearly marked on the outside of the box. • A return address where the unit can be shipped. Post office boxes are not acceptable. • A contact telephone number where you can be reached during work hours • A brief description of the problem 3. Ship the unit prepaid to the address provided by your Xantrex customer service representative. If you are returning a product from outside of the USA or Canada In addition to the above, you MUST include return freight funds and are fully responsible for all documents, duties, tariffs, and deposits. If you are returning a product to a Xantrex Authorized Service Center (ASC) A Xantrex return material authorization (RMA) number is not required. However, you must contact the ASC prior to returning the product or presenting the unit to verify any return procedures that may apply to that particular facility. 46 47 Xantrex Technology Inc. Toll free 1 800 670 0707 Direct 1 604 422 2777 Fax 1 604 420 2145 CustomerService@xantrex.com www.xantrex.com 445-0194-01-01 Rev. 2 Printed in the U.S.A.