ECHO MARINE | 1500-PRO- 4 | Owner`s manual | ECHO MARINE 1500-PRO- 4 Owner`s manual

Freedom Marine
10
15
20
25
30
Owner's Manual
Xantrex
Freedom Marine Series
Inverter/Charger
Thank you for purchasing a Xantrex Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Charger.
Xantrex takes pride in manufacturing quality products specifically
designed to meet your power requirements.
Freedom Marine Inverter/Chargers provide silent, efficient and reliable AC power for
a variety of applications. They feature “hands-free” operation, automatic three-stage battery
charging and automatic AC transfer switching. For your convenience, service is available
world-wide from qualified service centers.
If you have any questions about your Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger, please contact
Xantrex toll free: 1-800-670-0707.
For technical support and additional information about Xantrex products, visit our Web
site at www.xantrex.com or e-mail us at CustomerService@xantrex.com
SAFETY SUMMARY
Safety information for installation and
operation is contained throughout this
manual where it applies and is not included
in this summary.
Fuse Replacement For continued protection
against the possibility of fire, replace the fuse
only with a fuse of the specified voltage,
current and type ratings.
Definitions:
Power Source To avoid damage, operate the
equipment only within the specified AC (line)
and DC (battery) voltages.
Warning statements identify conditions or
practices which could result in personal injury,
loss of life, damage to equipment or other
property.
Servicing To reduce the risk of electric shock
do not open this unit. There are no user
serviceable parts inside. Refer all service to
qualified personnel.
Notice of Copyright
Xantrex Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Charger © December 2002 Xantrex International. All rights reserved. Xantrex is a registered
trademark of Xantrex International.
Disclaimer
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”)
(a)
MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER
INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION.
(b)
ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSS OR DAMAGE, WHETHER DIRECT, INDIRECT,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY
SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK.
Date and Revision December 2002, Revision 2
Part Number 445-0194-01-01
Contact Information Web: www.xantrex.com
Phone: 1-800-670-0707 (toll free), 1-604-422-2777 (direct)
2
Email: CustomerService@xantrex.com
Fax: 1-604-420-2145
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Things You Should Know . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Circuit Breaker Protection
Thermostat Controlled Cooling
Inverter Idle Circuit
Low and High Battery Shutdown
Power Sharing
Temperature Sensitive Charging
Installation Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Shorepower Configurations
Inverter/Charger Configurations
Dual In/Dual Out Configuration
Installation Option 1
Installation Option 2
Installation Option 3
Installation Option 4
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Installation Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
echo-charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
LED Fault Status
Things to Check
Optional Remote Control Panels . . . . . . . 11
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Battery Types
Battery Interconnection
Battery Bank Ratings and Sizing
Battery Charging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Freedom Battery Chargers
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Battery Charger Voltage Settings. . . . . . . 20
Installation Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Key Installation Points
Grounding
Neutral Bonding
AC Wiring
AC Input
AC Output
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
Remote Control Wiring
TSC Temperature Sensor
DC Wiring
Battery Cable Fusing
Hardware Stack-up Options
Specially designed for use in marine environment
3
INTRODUCTION
This owner’s manual describes the
Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Chargers from
Xantrex. These units perform four distinct
functions:
1. DC to AC power inverting.
2. Automatic transfer switching between
inverter power and incoming AC power.
3. Automatic three-stage battery charging
plus manual battery equalizing.
4. Multiple battery bank charging.
• The inverter provides regulated 120 volt AC
power at a crystal controlled frequency from a
deep cycle battery bank and is rated at:
Freedom 10
Freedom 15
Freedom 20
Freedom 25
Freedom 30
1000 watts
1500 watts
2000 watts
2500 watts
3000 watts
The output is a modified sine wave and is
compatible with most appliances, tools and
other 120 VAC equipment. (Note: Certain laser
printers, breadmakers, digital clocks and small
battery chargers may not operate on modfied
sine wave.) The idle mode reduces battery
power consumption when AC loads are
removed from the inverter output. High efficiency ensures the longest possible battery life
between charges. All models are designed to
deliver surge current for starting loads larger
than the continuous rating of the inverter.
• The internal transfer switch allows the
Freedom Inverter/Charger to be connected to
an external AC source and transfer the source
power through the unit directly to the loads.
When the external AC power source is
disconnected, the transfer switch allows
automatic switching of the loads back to the
inverter.
The Freedom Inverter/Charger operates
as a self-contained backup power system—
just add batteries.
• Freedom battery chargers with temperature
sensitive charging (TSC) are electronically
controlled. The primary charge output current
is rated at 12 volts:
Freedom 10
Freedom 15
Freedom 20
Freedom 25
Freedom 30
50 amps DC
75 amps DC
100 amps DC
130 amps DC
140 amps DC
They are designed to rapidly and optimally
charge wet cell, gel cell, or Absorbed Glass
Mat (AGM)** deep-cycle batteries. Battery
charging is automatically accomplished in
three stages: Bulk Charge, Acceptance
Charge and Float Charge. In most cases, no
attention or maintenance is required.
When using a Freedom or LINK remote
control panel, a manually engaged Equalize
Charge cycle is possible.
**Battery type selection is set on the front of the unit
or with an optional remote (Remote Control Panel or
Link Instrument).
4
INTRODUCTION
Multiple Battery Bank Charging
Multiple battery bank charging is provided
through additional output from the built-in echocharge. The echo-charge is used to charge
start or auxiliary batteries. This Digital echocharge is current limited to 15 amps and
follows the three-stage charge curve of the
inverter/charger and battery setting of the
house battery bank. The number of active
echo-charge outputs depends of the model of
the inverter/charger.
Model
Freedom
Freedom
Freedom
Freedom
Freedom
Multi-bank outputs
10
15
20
25
30
1
1
1
2
2
echo-charge 1
echo-charge 2
Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger
5
THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW
Circuit Breaker Protection
The Freedom Inverter/Charger is
supplemental circuit breaker protected. The
INVERT/CHARGE breaker on the front of the
unit protects against sustained inverter/
charger over-current conditions.
This supplemental circuit breaker protects
the output of the unit when operating in “Invert
Mode” and protects the internal battery charger
circuits when operating in “Charge Mode.”
When an over-current condition occurs, the
circuit breaker is reset by pushing the button
back in after the fault is removed. This circuit
breaker is not suitable for branch circuit protection. To comply with NEC, additional branch
circuit rated breakers may be required
between the output of the unit and the load.
Freedom 25 and 30 have two outputs.
Both outputs are protected by the supplemental
circuit breaker when operating in “Invert Mode.”
During transfer/charge operation, the outputs
are protected by the circuit breakers feeding
the two inputs to the unit.
Inverter Idle Circuit
The idle circuit reduces battery power
consumption when no AC load is present.
Response from idle is instantaneous. When
using a Freedom or Link remote control panel
the idle threshold is adjustable. The unit does
not produce 120 volts when in idle. An idle
pulse is sent out approximately twice a second
to see if a load is present. To bring the unit out
of the idle condition, apply a load larger than
the idle set point.
Low and High Battery Shutdown
When in inverter mode, if the battery
voltage drops to 10.0 volts, the inverter will
automatically shut off. Charge the batteries to
13.5 volts to automatically resume operation.
Voltage shutdown also occurs for a high
battery condition at 15.5 volts. Operation will
resume automatically when the battery voltage
drops below 15.5 volts. Check all DC sources
on the system for the reason for the excessive
voltage.
Thermostat Controlled Cooling
Freedom Inverter/Chargers are equipped
with a thermostatically controlled fan that cools
the unit so it can operate continually at its rated
output.
Power Sharing
When connected to an external AC source
the battery charger and transfer functions are
engaged. A unique Power Sharing feature
automatically reduces the AC power consumption
of the battery charger when the loads
threaten to trip the incoming circuit breaker.
KNOCKOUT
Freedom 25 and 30 have two AC inputs.
The battery charger is supplied AC from AC
input #1. These models will reduce the current
available to the charger when the demand for
current to the load on AC output #1 reaches
the factory default setting. AC input #2 is a
direct transfer to AC output #2 and has no
power sharing control.
AC INPUT
6
KNOCKOUT
AC OUTPUT
COMPRESSION
TERMINAL
BLOCK
installed
THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW
The Power Sharing set point of each unit
has a factory default setting. This can be
changed when using the Freedom or Link
remote control panel. Refer to the Freedom
Remote Control Panel or Link manual for
information on Power Sharing setting and
adjustment.
Temperature Sensitive Charging (TSC)
When the supplied battery temperature
sensor is connected to the unit and the
batteries, the charge voltage is controlled
based on battery temperature. The charger
adjusts the charge voltage to the best level
insuring safe charging for selected battery
type. Charge voltage regulation optimizes the
battery life cycle.
Electronic Protection
Fast-acting electronic circuits protect
the inverter from overloads and short circuits.
Other protection includes a low and high
battery voltage cutoff and automatic shutdown
if an over temperature condition occurs. When
the fault condition is corrected, the unit will
automatically reset. For example: remove
overload, charge batteries or allow to cool.
TSC Sensor
Battery
7
OPERATION
The Freedom Inverter/Charger provides
120 volt AC power from auxiliary DC batteries,
automatic battery charging and automatic AC
transfer switching between an external AC
source and inverter mode AC output.
STATUS LEDs
Each Status LED performs two functions,
providing operation status and battery type
selection.
The Freedom Inverter/Charger may be
operated with or without a remote control panel
or Link instrument.
When operating the inverter/charger without a Freedom or Link remote control panel:
Status LEDs
Front Panel
INVERT CHARGE
INVERT / WET
CHARGE / GEL1
TSC
REMOTE
OVERTEMP
OVERLOAD / AGM
LOW BATTERY / GEL 2
Front Panel Controls and Indicators
INVERT MODE
The INVERT push-button switch is
located on the front of the unit.
• To turn the inverter ON, press and hold
the INVERT switch until the INVERT LED is
solid green. The unit is now inverting. Press
the INVERT switch again to turn the inverter
OFF. Note: The charge LED will be blinking
slowly indicating Charger ready status but
external AC power is not connected.
CHARGE MODE
The CHARGE push-button switch is located
on the front of the unit.
When external AC is applied to the AC
input of the unit, the charger automatically
turns ON. The CHARGE LED will be solid
green. The unit is now charging. Press the
CHARGE switch again to turn the charger OFF.
The charger defaults to ON when operating
without a remote or with the Freedom Remote
Control Panel. Refer to the Link manual when
using a Link remote control panel.
INVERT
CHARGE
8
Freedom Marine 20
Operation Status
INVERT - Green LED
• When the LED is solid green, the unit is
in invert mode. This occurs by pressing the
INVERT switch.
• When the LED is blinking slowly (1 time
per second), the inverter is in standby with AC
power applied and the transfer switch engaged
• When the LED is OFF, the inverter is
OFF.
CHARGE - Green LED
• When the LED is solid green, the unit is
in the charge mode and external AC power is
being supplied.
• When the LED is blinking slowly, (1 time
per second) the charger is ready, but external
AC power is not available.
• When the LED is OFF, the charger has
been manually turned OFF. This can only be
accomplished while AC power is being
supplied since the charger will automatically
restart each time AC power is applied.
OPERATION
NOTE: When AC power is available, the
default setting for the charger is ON. If the unit
was manually turned OFF and AC power is
interrupted and becomes available again, the
charger will return to ON.
LOW BATTERY - Red LED
• When the LED is OFF the battery
voltage is normal, between 10.5 and 15.0
volts DC.
• When the LED is solid red, it indicates a
battery warning condition, the battery voltage is
below 10.5 volts DC or above 15.0 volts DC.
• When the LED is blinking slowly, (once
per second), a battery shutdown has occurred.
The voltage is either below 10.0 volts DC or
above 15.5 volts DC.
• When the LED is blinking rapidly (five
times per second), a potential problem in the
DC system has been detected. Check your
batteries, battery cables and DC loads.
OVER-TEMP/OVERLOAD - Red LED
• When the LED is Off operation is
normal.
• When the LED is red, there is an overtemp or overload condition. Check for
excessive loads or short circuit on the output
of the inverter. Correct the condition and restart
by pushing the INVERT switch.
• When the LED is blinking slowly (once
per second), an over-current condition or a
short circuit has occurred. The system has
shut OFF and will not automatically restart.
Correct the fault condition and manually restart
the system by pushing the INVERT switch.
LOW BATTERY & OVER-TEMP/OVERLOAD
- Red LEDs
When both LEDs are blinking, an AC
backfeed was detected. A backfeed occurs
when AC power from an external source is
connected to the output of the inverter. Inspect
wiring for a possible input/output wiring error.
This condition must be corrected before further
operation. A backfeed will damage the unit and
void the warranty.
Battery Type Selection
• Battery type setup. To enter the battery
type select mode, press and hold the INVERT
switch for five seconds. The status LEDs will
change from indicating status information to
OFF. Press the CHARGE switch once. One of
the four LEDs will blink rapidly, indicating the
existing battery type selection.
Press the CHARGE switch again to
change the battery type. Continue to press until
the desired battery type is selected. If the
CHARGE switch is not pressed for five seconds,
the unit will return to normal operation and the
battery type selection will have been made.
Refer to page 20 for additional information on
battery type settings.
WET GEL 1
GEL 2
AGM
Status LEDs
INVERT CHARGE
INVERT / WET
CHARGE / GEL1
TSC
REMOTE
OVERTEMP
OVERLOAD / AGM
LOW BATTERY / GEL 2
Front Panel
When the 12 volt input to the unit is
disconnected, the battery type setting is stored
in non-volatile memory. When the unit is
reconnected, the battery type selection
conveniently returns to the previous setting.
If installed with the Freedom or Link
remote control panel, the unit will be set up
and controlled from the remote. Refer to the
remote manual for more information.
9
OPERATION
When a Freedom or Link remote control panel
is connected to the unit, the switch on the unit
or on the remote may be used to turn the unit
ON/OFF. If the unit is turned ON using the front
panel switch and then turned OFF using a
Remote or Link, the unit will not be completely
OFF. If the unit will not be used for an extended
period of time, turn the unit completely OFF.
The unit is completely OFF when the LED display on the unit is OFF.
Over-temp
Low
Battery
Remote
TSC
TSC (Temperature Sensitive Charging)
This provides for the connection of a
sensor to measure battery temperature for
compensated charging. If no sensor is
connected the charge voltage levels are set to
defaults based on battery type.
echo-charge
The echo-charge feature is incorporated
in the Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger to
enable multiple battery bank charging of the
start or auxiliary battery. Freedom 10, 15, 20
have one active echo-charge output.
Freedom 25, 30 have two active outputs.
The echo-charge automatically switches
On/Off, charging an auxiliary or start battery
without affecting the main house battery bank.
The maximum charge current is 15 amps at
14.4 volts.
The echo-charge is a voltage follower, following the three-stage charge modes of the
Freedom Marine Charger. The echo-charge
senses if the start battery needs charging and
diverts a portion of the charging current (up to
15 amps) to the start battery. This method protects the auxiliary battery from overcharging
and ensures a long life for the battery.
10
echo-charge
Freedom Marine 20
NOTE: The charger will always follow the
house battery setting, even if you mix the type
of batteries in your house and start battery
bank. If the house battery bank is either GEL
or AGM and the start or auxiliary battery is wet/
flooded, the charger will follow the GEL or AGM
voltage setting.
The echo-charge will turn ON any time
the house battery is above 13 volts, regardless
of the charging source.
OPTIONAL REMOTES
If using one of the remotes, refer to the
installation instructions included with the
remote.
OPTIONAL REMOTE CONTROL PANELS
Remote Control Panel
An optional remote control panel is
available. The LED bar graphs on the remote
control panel show battery voltage and DC
current in both inverter and charger modes.
Easy-to-see red, yellow and green LEDs
show the battery state-of-charge. Power
Sharing, charger ON/OFF, and inverter ON/
OFF controls are provided. SET UP features
include selection of Idle Threshold, Battery
Type and Battery Capacity.
Remote Control Panel
Advanced Remote Control Panels
Link Instruments
Advanced remote control panels are also
available: the Link 1000, 2000 and 2000-R.
LINK 2000
The Link 2000 has the same features as
the Link 1000, providing inverter/charger
control and complete battery state-of-charge
information. It monitors two battery banks.
LINK 2000
LINK 2000-R
The Link 2000-R adds the ability to
regulate an engine-driven alternator. The
precision regulator in the Link 2000-R allows
the alternator to be controlled as a three-stage
battery charging system.
If a Link Instrument is used to control the
inverter/charger, refer to the Link Owner’s
Manual for installation, setup and control
information.
LINK 1000
Link 1000 controls the Freedom Inverter/
Charger and provides complete battery
state-of-charge information including DC voltage,
current, amp hours consumed, Time
Remaining and historical data for a single
battery bank.
LINK 1000
11
BATTERIES
Wet cell batteries will give off gas as a
natural result of charging and will experience
some water loss. It is very important that
the electrolyte level be checked frequently
and topped off with distilled water when
necessary. Follow the battery manufacturer’s
recommendations for maintenance.
BATTERY TYPES
Use only deep-cycle batteries with your
Freedom Inverter/Charger. These fall into three
broad categories: wet cell, gel cell and
Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat)
batteries.
Wet Cell Batteries
True deep-cycle wet cell batteries are
characterized by relatively thick internal plates
that are alloyed with antimony.
Common 12 volt marine/RV deep-cycle
batteries are acceptable. Golf cart
batteries perform well and may have a
longer life. These 6 volt batteries must be
used in series connected pairs. High quality
deep-cycle batteries offer good
performance and are available in a wide
variety of sizes.
12
Never allow the top of the battery plates to
be exposed to air, as contamination of the cell
will result. Keep the tops of batteries clean.
Always provide adequate ventilation for the
battery storage compartment.
Do not use ordinary car batteries or
engine starting batteries with your inverter/
charger. Beware of any battery that is rated
only in Cold Cranking Amps (CCA). This is a
rating which applies only to engine starting
batteries. In general, most wet cell batteries
that are described as hybrid type batteries,
suitable for either engine starting or deep-cycle
applications, are a compromise and will have
limited life if deeply discharged.
BATTERIES
Beware of so-called maintenance-free wet
cell batteries. These batteries have calcium
alloyed with the lead liquid. They are sealed
and water cannot be added. Do not confuse
them with true gel cell or AGM batteries—they
will not hold up well to deep discharging and
repeated cycling.
Gel Cell Batteries
Gel cell batteries are lead-acid batteries
similar in many ways to the common wet cell
battery, but differences in the chemistry and
construction provide some unique features.
• No Maintenance
Series Configuration
Connecting two batteries in series will
double the voltage of the battery bank. For
instance, two 6 volt batteries connected in
series will produce 12 volts. The amp-hour
capacity of the battery bank will be the same
as each individual battery. Example, two 6 volt
220 amp-hour batteries in series will produce
one 12 volt 220 amp-hour battery bank.
+
+
• Low Self-Discharge Rate
• Low Internal Resistance
Even though gel cells are sealed
batteries, the battery compartment should still
be ventilated.
Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat)
Batteries
This battery is lead acid but maintenance free.
They hold the liquid electrolyte in a sponge-like
material. The performance is similar to gel cell
batteries. The charge parameters are similar
to wet cell batteries.
Battery Selection
The most important feature to consider in
making your battery selection is to select true
deep cycle batteries rated in amp hours (Ah)
and sized to match your power requirements.
BATTERY INTERCONNECTION
In most cases, you will be using a bank of two
or more batteries with your inverter/charger.
You may connect batteries together in two
configurations—series and parallel—
depending on their voltage.
Series
Series Increase Voltage
+
6V
_
EACH BATTERY
CAPACITY:
220
AMP HOURS
@ 6 VDC
+
6V
_
+
12V INVERTER
_
TOTAL BATTERY
BANK CAPACITY:
220
AMP HOURS
@ 12 VDC
13
BATTERIES
Parallel Configuration
Connecting two batteries in parallel will
double the amp-hour rating of the battery bank,
while the voltage will be the same as each
individual battery. Example, two 12 volt 105
amp-hour batteries in parallel will produce one
12 volt 210 amp-hour battery bank.
+
+
Parallel
Parallel Increase Amp-hour Capacity
+
+
12V
12V
_
_
EACH BATTERY
CAPACITY:
105
AMP HOURS
@ 12 VDC
+
12VINVERTER
_
TOTAL BATTERY
BANK CAPACITY:
210
AMP HOURS
@ 12 VDC
Only similar batteries should be
connected together in one bank. Do not
connect old and new batteries together or wet
and gel cell batteries together. In the above
drawing, the load is connected to the positive
terminal of the first battery and the negative
terminal of the last battery. This practice helps
to balance the battery bank and is called
cross-connecting the battery bank.
14
Note: It is not advisable to connect
batteries of different case sizes or amp-hour
ratings in the same battery bank.
Always use properly sized wire and
terminals for your interconnecting battery
cables. For size information refer to NEC
requirements or contact your local
electrician.
BATTERY BANK RATINGS AND SIZING
Deep-cycle batteries are usually rated in
amp hours. The amp-hour rating is based on a
20-hour discharge rate, therefore, a 100
amp-hour battery can deliver 5 amps for 20
hours. If the discharge rate is greater than 5
amps, the available amp hours are decreased.
For example, if the load is increased to 100
amps, only about 45 amp hours will be available at this rate of discharge.
Deep-cycle batteries can be discharged
about 80% of capacity before damage occurs.
Shallow cycling will result in much longer
battery life. Calculating a battery bank size
based on 50% discharge cycling is generally
considered to be a good compromise between
long battery life and size.
BATTERIES
To achieve 50% cycling you should
calculate your amp-hour consumption
between charging cycles and use a battery
bank with twice that capacity**. Each AC
appliance or tool has a rating plate on it and will
be rated in either AC amps or watts or AC VA
(volt-amps) apparent power. To calculate amphour consumption, use one of the formulas to
the right to calculate the DC amp-hour draw for
a 12 volt system.
AMP-HOUR CONSUMPTION FORMULAS
(AC amps x 10) x 1.1 x hours of
operation = DC amp hours
(watts/ DC voltage) x 1.1 x hours of
operation = DC amp hours
(AC VA/ DC voltage) x 1.1 x hours of
operation = DC amp hours
DC voltage is 12, 24 or 32 depending on
your system.
Calculate the amp hours for every AC
appliance or tool that will be operated on the
inverter. This will provide the total number of
amp hours used between recharges. Size the
battery bank using this number as a guideline.
A good rule to follow is to size the battery bank
a minimum of two times larger than the
total amp-hour load requirement. Plan on
recharging when 50% discharged.
In all formulas, 1.1 is the correction factor for
inverter efficiency.
Typical Power Consumptlon
The chart identifies typical power
consumption for common AC loads. Use it as
a guide when identifying your power
requirements.
**Batteries are typically charged to 85% of full
charge when charging with alternators without 3-stage
regulators.
Ty p ic al Po wer Co n s u mp t io n
Appliance Run Times / Amp Hours
Appliance
Typical
Wattage
1 Hr.
2 Hr.
3 Hr.
8 Hr.
13" Color TV
50
.33
1
2
4
8
12
32
96
19" Color TV
100
.66
2
4
8
16
24
64
192
5 Min.
15 Min. 30 Min.
24 Hr.
VCR
50
.33
1
2
4
8
12
32
96
Lamp
100
.66
2
4
8
16
24
64
192
Blender
300
2
6
12
Laptop Computer
50
.33
1
2
4
8
2.6
5.2
10.4
15.6
41.6
83.2
40
80
160
2
4
8
12
32
96
336
672
Curling Iron
50
.33
1
2
3/8 Power Drill
500
3.3
10
20
6.6
20
Icemaker*
200
Coffee Maker
1000
3 cu' Refrigerator*
150
20 cu' Refrigerator*
750
Compact Microwave
750
Full Size Microwave
Vacuum
21
42
84
126
30
60
120
180
30
60
120
240
360
22
44
88
176
264
5
15
1500
10
1100
7.3
Number in each box represents the total Amp hours used (@ 12 volt DC) based on various continuous run times.
*Note refrigeration is typically calculated using a 1/3-duty cyle.
Many electric motors have
momentary starting requirements
well above their operational rating.
Start up watts are listed where
appropriate. Individual styles and
brands of appliances may vary.
If using the same battery
bank for the inverter and other
DC loads, be sure to consider
the power consumption of the
DC loads when sizing the
battery bank.
NOTE Certain laser printers, breadmakers,
digital clocks and appliance/tool chargers
may not operate on modified sine wave.
15
BATTERY CHARGING
Battery Charging
Completely charging wet cell deep-cycle
batteries requires the battery voltage to be
raised beyond what is known as the gassing
point. This is the voltage at which the battery
begins to bubble and gas is given off. If
charging stops short of this point, sulfate is left
on the plates and deterioration of the battery
begins. The gassing point will vary with battery
temperature.
At 77 °F, the gassing point of a 12 volt battery is about 14.0 volts.
AGM and Gel cell batteries must not be
charged to their gassing point. In fact, high
voltage charging that gasses these batteries
is harmful to them. They typically require a
lower bulk charge voltage. Gel cell batteries
require a higher float voltage than wet cell batteries. Consult the battery manufacturer for
specifications.
16
Freedom Battery Chargers
Freedom battery chargers are designed
to overcome the limitations of conventional
chargers by utilizing three distinct charge
stages, each designed for optimal charging of
wet, gel cell and AGM deep-cycle batteries.
Battery type selection is made on the front panel
of the inverter/charger or through the Remote
Control Panel or a Link Instrument. For more
information on battery type selection, see page
9 or refer to the Remote Control Panel manual.
BATTERY CHARGING
Note: Freedom battery chargers are ON
whenever AC power is connected to the
charger input. The charger can be turned OFF
using the CHARGE switch on the front of the
unit. This sequence will occur each time
external AC power is available. The charger
can be turned ON/OFF using the Remote
Control Panel or Link Instrumentation.
Each time the battery charger is engaged,
the three-stage charger proceeds automatically,
resulting in an efficient complete charge and
safe battery maintenance. Use of the Remote
Control Panel or Link Instrument provides the
ability to periodically apply an equalizing charge.
The battery charger stages are:
Stage 1 - Bulk Charge During the bulk
charge stage most of the energy that has been
consumed during discharge is returned to the
battery bank. This phase is engaged as soon
as the battery charger is activated. Full rated
charger current is delivered to the battery bank
until the bulk charge voltage limit is reached.
This results in a relatively rapid recharge.
Generally, a wet cell battery bank should
not be charged at a rate that exceeds 25% of
its capacity.
Refer to Remote Control Panel or the
Link Instrument Owner’s Manual for more
information.
17
BATTERY CHARGING
Gel cell and Advanced AGM batteries can
accept a higher rate of charge. Consult the
manufacturer for specifications.
acceptance charge voltage limit. When it
reaches the float voltage set point, the float
charge stage is engaged.
Stage 2 - Acceptance Charge The
acceptance stage immediately follows the bulk
charge stage. During this stage the battery
voltage is held constant at the bulk charge
voltage limit and the current gradually ramps
down. During this stage the battery is accepting
its final amount of charge current and the last
of the sulfate on the plates is removed.
The float charge stage holds the battery
voltage constant at a preset voltage level,
where it is safe for long term battery voltage
maintenance. During the float charge stage,
the full output current of the battery charger is
available to operate any DC appliances that
may be on the system, while constantly maintaining the float charge voltage.
The acceptance stage lasts until the
charge current reaches the transition point. A
timer will terminate the acceptance stage if this
current level is not reached.
The battery charger remains in the float
charge stage indefinitely until the charger is
disconnected from incoming AC power or
turned OFF with the unit switch or with the
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation.
ACCEPTANCE TO FLOAT TRANSITION POINTS*
Freedom 10
5 Ampere DC
Freedom 15
10 Ampere DC
Freedom 20
10 Ampere DC
Freedom 25
15 Ampere DC
Freedom 30
15 Ampere DC
*Factory Default Setting
Maximum acceptance time is one hour
for wet and AGM cells and three hours for gel
cells. Gel cell acceptance time can be longer
because they are less likely to gas. Expect wet
cell batteries to gas somewhat during
acceptance, this is a necessary part of the
charging process.
NOTE: The acceptance stage timer is not
used when Link Instruments control the
charger. Refer to the Link Owner’s Manual.
Stage 3 - Float Charge When the
acceptance stage is terminated, either
because the charge current ramped down to
the transition point or the timer engaged, the
charge current will shut off. The unit monitors
the battery voltage while it drifts down from the
18
Stage 4 - Equalizing Charge This is the
only battery charger stage which is not
engaged automatically. It must be manually
initiated each time. Applying an equalizing
charge is possible only with a Remote Control
Panel or Link Instrument.
Periodic equalizing is recommended
by most wet cell deep-cycle battery
manufacturers. There are no firm rules for
how often an equalizing charge should be
applied. Follow the battery manufacturer’s
recommendations for equalizing.
BATTERY CHARGING
The equalizing charge is a timed, eighthour cycle. The cycle can be ended early by
interrupting the AC power to the charger at any
time during the cycle. Equalizing should only
be engaged after the batteries have been fully
charged by a normal battery charging cycle.
During this equalizing stage, the battery
voltage will increase to the equalize voltage.
This will cause the battery bank to gas
profusely and will accomplish the following:
1. Removal of residual sulfate. Each time a
battery is cycled (discharged and charged), a
small amount of sulfate is left on the plates.
Over time, this gradual buildup of sulfate will
compromise the performance of the battery.
By applying an equalizing charge, the sulfate is
returned back to the electrolyte, raising the
specific gravity and fully exposing the active
material of the plates.
2. Bring all cells to the same potential. All
lead-acid batteries are made up of individual
2 volt cells. As the battery bank is cycled, slight
differences in the cells result in different cell
voltages, affecting the overall charge
effectiveness. Equalizing brings all cells to the
same voltage and the electrolyte in each cell to
the same specific gravity.
3. Mixing up of the electrolyte. Electrolyte in
battery cells tends to separate into layers of
acid and water. The vigorous bubbling action of
the battery during equalizing serves to physically mix the electrolyte. Refer to the Remote
Control Panel and Link Owner’s Manuals for
additional cautions on equalizing.
WARNINGS
1. Do not equalize gel cell batteries.
Check remote default settings.
2. Always monitor the equalize charge
cycle. Provide proper ventilation for
battery fumes. Do not allow any sparks
during equalizing. If one or more cells
begin to overflow, terminate the equalize
cycle.
3. Check the battery electrolyte both
before and after the equalizing charge.
Do not expose the battery plates to air.
Leave the battery caps on while
equalizing. Top off after equalizing.
4. Remove all loads from the DC
system before equalizing. Some DC
loads may not tolerate the high charge
voltage.
5. With the Remote Control Panel the
battery state-of-charge LEDs sequence
during equalizing. When the equalization
cycle is complete, the charge automatically
goes to float and the green float LED battery status light is on. With Link
Instrumentation, the red charge LED
flashes during the equalizing cycle. When
the equalization cycle is complete, the
charger automatically goes to float and the
green float LED is illuminated.
Note: Do not equalize gel cell batteries.
19
BATTERY CHARGER VOLTAGE SETTINGS
TEMP
TYPE 0
TYPE 1
TYPE 2
TYPE 3
Wet Cell
Gel 1 *
Gel 2 *
AGM
°F
°C
AC C EPT
FL OAT ACCEPT
FL OAT ACCEPT
FL OAT
AC C EPT
FL OAT
120
49
12.5
12.5
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
12.9
12.9
110
43
13.6
12.7
13.5
13.0
14.0
13.4
13.9
12.9
100
38
13.8
12.9
13.7
13.2
14.1
13.5
14.0
13.0
90
32
14.0
13.1
13.8
13.3
14.2
13.6
14.1
13.1
80
27
14.2
13.3
14.0
13.5
14.3
13.7
14.2
13.2
70 ** 21 **
14.4
13.5
14.1
13.6
14.4
13.8
14.3
13.3
60
16
14.6
13.7
14.3
13.8
14.5
13.9
14.4
13.4
50
10
14.8
13.9
14.4
13.9
14.6
14.0
14.5
13.5
40
5
15.0
14.1
14.6
14.1
14.7
14.1
14.6
13.6
30
-1
15.2
14.3
14.7
14.2
14.8
14.2
14.7
13.7
* There are two gel battery settings. Check with the battery manufacturer to determine the
proper setting for your batteries. Usually, Gel 1 is for long battery life; Gel 2 is for rapid charging.
**Default setting when the temperature sensor is not connected.
20
INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS
Before beginning the installation of your
Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger, read the
owner’s manual. Disconnect all sources of
AC and DC power to prevent accidental
shock. Disable and secure all AC and DC
automatic starting and disconnect devices.
CAUTION This equipment is not ignition
protected and employs components that
can produce arcs or sparks. To reduce the
risk of fire or explosions, do not install
in unvented compartments containing
batteries or flammable gasses or areas
in which ignition-protected equipment is
required.
WARNING
For continued protection against risk of
electric shock, use only the ground-fault
circuit interrupter (GFCI) type receptacles
detailed in this manual. Other types may
fail to operate properly when connected to
this inverter, resulting in a potential shock
hazard.
CAUTION To reduce the risk of electric shock
and prevent premature failure due to corrosion,
do not mount where exposed to rain,
dripping or spray.
CAUTION To reduce the risk of fire, do not
obstruct ventilation openings. Do not mount
in a zero clearance compartment—
overheating may result.
CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Both
AC and DC voltage sources are
terminated inside this equipment. Before
servicing disconnect all inputs and outputs.
Before beginning installation, unpack the
inverter/charger, record the serial number on
the warranty card. Retain packing materials for
future use.
Confirm that your shipping carton contains:
• Inverter/Charger
• TSC temperature sensor with 20' cable
• Owner's Manual
• Warranty Card
• DC Battery Cable Covers & Screws (4)
• AC Access Cover plate & Screws (2)
• Compression Terminal Block
(2) Freedom 10, 15, 20
(4) Freedom 25 & 30
If any components are missing, contact
Customer Service: 1 800 670 0707.
Typical Tools Needed
Flathead and Phillips Screwdrivers
Wrench for connecting battery cables (9/16'')
Wire Cutters
Wire Strippers
Misc. assorted wire ties and connectors
Accessories Needed for Installation
• Fuse: UL Listed DC Rated slow blow fuse
as required by NEC
• Electrical wire (10 gauge) for AC input
wiring. Consult NEC for proper size for
output wiring.
• Battery Cables with 3/8'' ring terminal
1 positive, 1 negative (Consult NEC for
proper size)
• DC fuse cable
• Mounting Bolts (4)
• Strain Relief (2)
21
INSTALLATION
CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Do not
remove cover, no user serviceable parts
inside. Refer servicing to qualified service
personnel.
The Freedom Combi is appropriate for
installation in recreational and commercial
maritime applications.
It is recommended that installation be
completed by an authorized Xantrex technical
dealer or experienced marine electrician.
Key Installation Points
1. The unit is designed to mount vertically
(bulkhead) or horizontally (on a shelf).
2. Allow several inches of clearance around
the unit to permit a supply of fresh air to the
cooling fan. Do not block any of the vents or
louvers. The thermostat controlled fan pulls air
from outside the unit. It pulls air across the
internal components, particularly the transformer and heat sinks, then out the fan vent.
3. Keep the inverter/charger out of the
elements and out of direct contact with
water or spray. Failure to do so may result in
premature malfunction from corrosion and void
the warranty.
4. Mount the unit as close to the batteries
as possible but not in the presence of
flammable fumes or in an unvented battery
compartment. Keep the overall length of each
battery cable less than 10 feet.
Note: For more information on inverter
location selection refer American Boat and
Yacht Council (ABYC) recommendation A-25.
Refer to page 33.
22
5. Do not connect the inverter battery
negative cable to the vessel safety
ground. Run the negative (-) cable directly to
the battery bank. If the positive (+) and negative
(-) cables run parallel to each other, twist the
cables together. This will minimize the
inductive adverse effects of cable length. Be
sure the cable size meets with NEC
requirements for your installation.
6. Make sure all wiring conforms to local
and national electrical codes. If in doubt,
consult ABYC, NEC, or a qualified marine
electrician.
7. To meet electrical codes, a UL Listed DC
Rated slow blow fuse must be installed in the
positive battery cable within 7 inches of the
current source. Unless the conductor is
attached to the battery terminal, then it must be
within 72 inches (ABYC standard). This fuse is
intended to protect the battery and cables
against a short circuit. The inverter is protected
internally and will not blow a properly sized fuse.
8. Do not connect the battery until you
have read the remainder of the installation
section. Observe proper polarity when
connecting batteries. Reverse DC polarity will
result in damage to the unit and will void the
warranty. Use care when making the DC
connections.
WARNING
The Freedom Series is not DC reverse
polarity protected. Be very careful to
connect the negative and positive cables
correctly, otherwise damage will result and
the warranty will be void.
INSTALLATION
9. Do not backfeed the AC output of the inverter with incoming AC power. A backfeed
occurs when AC power from shorepower or
generator is connected to the output of the
inverter. This will damage the inverter and void
the warranty. Remember that incoming AC
must be fed only to the AC input and never the
AC output. Always check for AC voltage before
connecting wires to the AC output. Do NOT
turn the inverter ON until all AC connections
have been made. Backfeeding the inverter
voids the warranty.
covered in recommended heat shrink tubing.
Carefully follow the manufacturer’s directions
to meet all requirements.
12. If installing in a system which includes an
existing battery charger or AC to DC converter,
make sure these do not operate from the
inverter output AC power. This sets up a
power loop which, due to inefficiencies, will
quickly drain the batteries.
WARNING
Do not connect incoming AC from any
source to the AC output of the inverter.
This is known as backfeeding, and will
damage the unit and void the warranty.
Battery Cable Covers
+ Positive
10. Do not connect the AC input to the AC
output. This would be equivalent to plugging
the battery charger into the inverter. This could
occur if the unit’s AC output is connected to
the entire leg of a circuit breaker panel, then a
circuit breaker on that leg is used to feed the
battery charger input. This will cause the unit to
oscillate ON and OFF when the unit is in
inverter mode.
- Negative
Freedom Marine 20
11. Always use proper wire and
connectors. The proper battery cable size is
critical. Consult ABYC, UL, NEC or your
marine electrician for recommended battery
cable size. Considerable amperage flows in
the DC circuit. Use recommended cable terminated on each end with recommended ring
terminal connectors. Be sure the connectors
are attached to the cable using a method
approved by the connector manufacturer. After
the crimp is made, the barrel of the terminal
and the first inch of the cable needs to be
23
INSTALLATION
Grounding
For safety purposes, the chassis of the
inverter/charger must be connected to your AC
ground system. Use 8 AWG bare copper or
green insulated wire, strip one end and use a
screwdriver to secure it to the chassis ground
bonding lug on the side of the unit. This wire
will connect to the ground in your AC electrical
system. Make sure the connection is clean and
tight.
The system AC ground compression
terminal blocks are shipped in the accessory
packet. These may be used to make the
connections in the wiring compartment. This
terminal block is for the bare copper or
green ground wires from the AC branch circuit
supply and to the AC loads or distribution
panel. It is important that these AC input and
AC output ground wires also connect to the AC
ground bus in the circuit breaker panels. The
compression terminal blocks are labeled
Ground/green ( ), Neutral/white (N), Hot or
Line/black (L).
Some installations require heavier chassis
grounding wire. Refer to local and national
electrical codes.
Note: For additional information on
grounding refer to American Boat and Yacht
Council (ABYC) recommendation A-25.6.
Refer to page 33.
Ground Lug
24
Note: The battery cables are not
connected to the chassis lug of the unit.
Neutral Bonding
For safety purposes and NEC code
requirements, the Freedom Combi unit
internally bonds the AC output neutral (white)
to the AC output ground (green), when the unit
is OFF or in the inverter mode. When incoming
AC power is applied and the transfer switch is
engaged, the internal neutral-to-ground bond is
automatically lifted.
When external AC power is applied, the
grounding system is connected to the source
power ground, where neutral and earth ground
are bonded together. This technique ensures
safety in all conditions and conforms to the
requirements of the NEC.
WARNING
Do not connect incoming AC from any
source to the AC output of the inverter/
charger. This is known as backfeeding and
will damage the unit and void the warranty.
The Over Temp/Overload and Low Battery
LEDs will be blinking rapidly if this
condition exists.
INSTALLATION
AC Wiring
Determine which knockout(s) on the front
or side panels will be utilized and remove them
from the inverter. Note: Only remove the
knockout you will use to route the AC wires,
leaving the other knockout(s) intact. Install a
strain relief in knockout holes. Depending upon
which model you have, there can be one or
two AC inputs and one or two AC outputs
within the AC wiring compartment. The labeling
for the pigtails is on the front of the unit.
Ground/green .........
Green to Green
Neutral/white ...........N White to White
Hot or Line/black .....L Black to Black
Conventional metal or plastic strain reliefs
may be used or 3/4 inch conduit fittings if the
wiring will be routed through a conduit.
Appropriate wire gauges must be used
throughout the installation. Refer to NEC
specifications.
AC Input: All inputs from other AC
sources must be protected by branch circuit
rated breakers.
In the United States, no additional circuit
breakers are required between the inverter/
charger and the loads if the AC input service to
the inverter/charger is protected by a 15 or 20
ampere branch circuit rated breaker. This also
applies to Dual Input models (Freedom 25 and
30) where the inputs may be 15 or 20 amperes
each. In Canada, 15 ampere branch circuit(s)
maximum shall provide the service.
If a 30 ampere service supplies the
inverter/charger, additional 20 ampere (15
ampere in Canada) maximum branch circuit
rated breakers will be required between the
inverter/charger AC output and the loads.
Feed the AC input wire(s) through the
knockout and into the AC wiring compartment.
Allow 6 inches of individual insulated black,
white and green wire to work with. Strip
approximately 1/2 inch of insulation off each
conductor and connect to the compression
terminal block: Black to Black, White to White,
and Green to Green.
You may choose to use butt splices (not
included) to make the wire connections.
AC Output: Feed AC output wire group(s)
through the knockout. Remember to allow 6
inches of individual insulated black, white and
green wire to work with. Strip 1/2 inch of
insulation off each conductor and connect to
the compression terminal block: Black to
Black, White to White, and Green to Green.
Tug firmly on each connection to make
sure they are secure. Later, if the unit is not
operating properly, check these connections
first. Carefully tuck the wires into the AC wiring
compartment. Secure the cover plate over the
electrical compartment. The cover plate is in
the accessory package.
AC Electrical Wiring Compartment
KNOCKOUT
KNOCKOUT
AC INPUT
COMPRESSION
TERMINAL
BLOCK
installed
AC OUTPUT
25
INSTALLATION
Ground Fault Circult Interrupters
To conform to NEC regulations, certain
branch circuits must be equipped with a
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI).
Consult the code or a qualified marine
electrician for details. Any such branch circuits
must be protected by a branch circuit rated
breaker consistent with the GFCI rating.
Underwriters Laboratories has tested the
following GFCI, and its use is recommended.
Receptacle Type:
Pass & Seymour
Catalog Number 1591
Rated: 15 Amps at 120 Volts AC
Remote Control Wiring
If installing a remote panel, route the
remote cable and connect to the Remote jack
on the front of the unit. Refer to the Remote
Control Panel or Link Owner’s Manual for more
information.
TSC Temperature Sensor
If installing the TSC (Temperature
Sensitive Charging) sensor, connect the ring
terminal end to a battery post, complete the
routing of the RJ11 cable (20 feet supplied) and
connect the plug end to the TSC jack on the
front of the unit
TSC Jack
DC Wiring
DC wiring is generally very simple—the
positive (+, may be red for identification) and
negative (-, may be black or yellow for
identification) cables from the inverter/charger
terminal posts are connected to the house or
auxiliary battery. Connection to the engine
starter battery is not recommended.
High current will pass through the DC
wiring. All wires must be properly sized and
all connections clean and tight. It is
recommended that the battery cable length
does not exceed 10 feet.
Battery cables should be connected to the
inverter/charger before any connections are
made to the battery. Follow the battery cable
hardware stackup diagram.
• Bolt the negative (-) battery cable with a
3/8'' ring terminal to the negative (black -)
terminal assembly on the side of the inverter.
Tighten the battery terminal bolts to a torque
value between 160 inch-pounds and 180 inchpounds (100 inch-pounds for bronze). Secure
the cover on the negative terminal (found in the
accessory package) before connecting the
positive cable.
Bolt
Battery Cable
Hardware Stackup
Diagram
Lock Washer
Flat Washer
Battery Cable
Inverter/Charger
Freedom Marine 20 shown
CAUTION Improper stackup may result in
excessive heat and damage to the unit.
WARNING
Freedom Inverter/Chargers are not protected against DC reverse polarity. Be very careful to connect the
negative and positive cables correctly or damage will result and the warranty will be void.
26
INSTALLATION
• Bolt the positive (+) battery cable with
3/8'' ring terminal to the positive (red +)
terminal assembly on the side of the inverter.
Tighten the battery terminal bolts to a torque
value between 160 inch-pounds and 180 inchpounds. Secure the cover on the positive
terminal (found in the accessory package)
before continuing the installation.
The negative (-) cable should be
connected directly to the negative post of the
house or auxiliary battery bank or the ground
side of a current shunt. Tighten securely.
If multiple batteries are used, the
interconnecting jumper cables should be the
same AWG as those connected to the
inverter/charger.
If utilizing the echo-charge feature to
charge starting or auxiliary battery banks, use
12 AWG to make the connection between the
echo-charge output and the positive (+)
terminal post of the auxiliary battery. Each
output should be fused within 72 inches of the
battery with a 20 ampere fuse.
The positive (+) battery cable must be
fused and connected to the positive post of the
house or auxiliary battery bank, or through a
selector switch to one or more battery banks.
A spark may be generated when the final
battery connection is made. This is normal; do
not be alarmed. However, do not make the final
connection in the presence of flammable fumes.
12 AWG
S
echo-charge 1
echo-charge 2
Auxiliary
or Start battery
Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger
10, 15, 20
25, 30
1 echo-charge output
2 echo-charge outputs
Battery Cable Connections
POSITIVE (+)
(Battery Cable Cover on)
NEGATIVE (-)
(Battery Cable Cover on)
POSITIVE (+)
(Battery Cable Cover off)
NEGATIVE (-)
(Battery Cable Cover off)
27
INSTALLATION
Battery Cable Fusing
A fuse is required by the NEC to protect
the battery and cables. A UL Listed DC rated
slow blow fuse must be installed in the positive
(+) battery cable, within 72 inches of the
battery or within 7 inches of a positive bus or
switch.
Recommended Fuse: UL Listed Class T
JLLN with a DC Rating. This fuse with fuse
holder is available from your dealer or Xantrex.
For Freedom 10 & 15
200 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4155-00 (C/R)*
200 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4158-00 (R/R)**
200 amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4157-00
For Freedom 20, 25, & 30
300 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4156-00 (C/R)*
300 amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4154-00 (R/R)**
300 amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4151-00
* Compression / Ring Terminal
** Ring / Ring Terminal
HARDWARE STACK-UP OPTIONS
+ (red)
COMPRESSION / RING TERMINAL
EXPLODED VIEWS
OF FUSE ASSEMBLY
NUT
RING / RING TERMINAL
LOCK WASHER
NUT
FLAT WASHER
INVERTER
CABLE
FUSE
FUSE HOLDER
WARNING
Improper stack up of hardware will cause
excessive heat and fuse failure. Stack up
as shown.
28
LOCK WASHER
BATTERY
CABLE
INVERTER
CABLE
FLAT WASHER
BATTERY
CABLE
FUSE
FUSE HOLDER
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Installation Options
Installation options 1, 2, 3, and 4 are the most
commonly used applications involving specific
shorepower connections, generator power
options, and AC load configurations.
Shorepower configurations:
Systems with one 30 amp single phase
shorepower source with optional generator
Systems with two 30 amp shorepower
sources with optional generator
Systems with a 50 amp 120 volt single phase
(3 wire) shorepower source with optional generator
Systems with a 50 amp 120/240 volt split
phase (4 wire) shorepower source with optional
generator
Inverter/charger configurations:
Single Input/Single Output Freedom Marine
Model 10, 15, 20
General Guide for Fuse Size and DC Cable Size*
Nominal
Current
Cable AWG by Length
(metric)
Model
Fuse Siz e
DC Amps
1–3 ft.
3–6 ft.
6–10 ft.
F-10
200 A D C
100 A
2
2
1/0
F-15
200 A D C
150 A
1/0
1/0
2/0
F-20
300 A D C
200 A
2/0
2/0
3/0
F-25
300 A D C
250 A
2/0
3/0
3/0
F-30
350 A D C
300 A
3/0
3/0
4/0
*This guide is intended to provide general
recommendations for fuse and cable sizing.
Always consult Local and National Electrical
Codes for proper fuse and cable size prior to
installation.
Note: The chassis grounding wire must be no
smaller than 1 gauge under that of the positive
battery cable.
Dual Input/Dual Output Freedom Marine Model
25 and 30
•
Can be connected with single in/single out
mode
•
Can be connected with dual in/single out
mode
•
Can be connected with dual in/dual out
mode
29
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Dual In/Dual Out Configuration
These diagrams are intended to be a visual representation of the AC power “path” through the
Inverter/Charger with AC power applied to 1, 2, or both of the AC input connections. These diagrams are meant only to show switching characteristics, and they are not intended to illustrate
actual circuit components or connections.
Inverter Mode: With no power applied to either AC input,
the Inverter is On and power is applied to both the “AC
Out 1” and “AC Out 2” outputs.
Charger/Transfer Mode 1: With power applied to “AC In
1” only, the Charger is on and power from “AC In 1” is
transferred to both AC outputs. Power to both outputs is
“shared” with the Charger.
Transfer Mode: With power applied to “AC In 2” only, the
Charger is Off and power from “AC In 2” is transferred to
“AC Out 2” only. “AC Out 1” is not active.
Charger/Transfer Mode 2: With power applied to both
AC inputs, the Charger is On, power from “AC In 1” is
transferred to “AC Out 1” and power from “AC In 2” is
transferred to “AC Out 2.” Only “AC In 1” power is
“shared” with the charger.
30
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Installation Option 1 for Freedom Marine 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30
The inverter is used in a Single Input/Single Output mode. Up to 30 amps is transferred through
the Freedom Marine unit with the charger sharing power with all of the AC loads.
In this installation example, a single 30 amp shorepower source is available and all AC loads are
supplied power through the inverter in charge/transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode.
The charger shares power with the AC loads and can transfer up to 30 amps. When installing a
Freedom Marine 25 or 30 model, AC Input #2 and AC Output #2 are not used and must be
capped off. The AC input power must be supplied through a 30 amp, double pole, main breaker.
In this type of a system the panel loads would normally not include any heavy loads such as
space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery
chargers. If these types of loads are present, they should be turned OFF when inverter power is
being used to prevent overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank. To avoid
the need for this manual form of energy management, installation options 2, 3 or 4 should be
considered.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select
between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the
input of the inverter/ charger.
Freedom Marine Installation Option 1
Freedom Marine Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
12 VDC Battery Bank
Inverter AC Sub Panel
To
Inverter
AC
Loads
+
Class T
Fuse
Single Input/ Single Output
30 Amp Transfer Switch Power
Shares with Charger.
AC ground and DC ground are
shown connected, therefore
galvanic protection is
recommended.
Hot
Bus
Neutral Bus
*AC Input 2 and AC Output 2 are
available only on Freedom 25
and 30 Models.
Battery Switch
Ground Bus
** Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation.
+ -
Optional
Galvanic Isolation
Cap* Off each
wire separately
30 A
Shore
Power
10/3
AWG
Wire**
AC Output 2
AC Output 1
Optional
Transfer Switch
AC Input 2
Hot
AC Input 1
Neutral
Freedom Marine
Inverter/Charger
AC Wire Colors
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green
30 A
Double Pole
Main Breaker
Gen.
Ground
Optional
Generator
31
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Installation Option 2 for Freedom Marine 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30
The inverter is used in a Single Input/Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads
and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be a single 30 amp shorepower source or
a 30 amp breaker from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, 1
leg of a 50 amp 120/240 split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger shares
power with the inverter loads only.
In this installation example, one single phase shorepower source is available or only one leg of a split
phase source is used to supply the AC input of the inverter/charger. It is highly recommended that
only the lighter appliances and outlet circuits be connected to the Inverter AC Panel. These loads are
supplied power through the inverter in charge/ transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode. The
charger shares power with the inverter loads only and can transfer up to 30 amps. The heavier loads
such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery
chargers should remain connected to the Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by
shorepower or generator power from the main panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems
such as overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminates the need to
manually manage the energy usage of these loads when using inverter power.
The inverter AC input must be supplied power from a 30 amp breaker in the main panel and from the
main neutral bus. The inverter’s AC output supplies a separate sub panel. The appliance and outlet
loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and neutral bus in the sub panel. When
installing a Freedom Marine 25 or 30 model, AC Input #2 and AC Output #2 are not used and must
be capped off.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select
between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the input of
the Main AC Panel.
Freedom Marine Installation Option 2
Freedom Marine Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
Single Input/ Single Output
12 VDC Battery Bank
+
30 Amp Transfer Switch Power
Shares with Charger.
Inverter AC
Sub Panel
To
Inverter
AC
Loads
Class T
Fuse
AC ground and DC ground are
shown connected, therefore,
galvanic protection is
recommended
Hot
Bus
*AC Input 2 and AC Output 2 are
available only on Freedom 25
and 30 Models.
Neutral Bus
Battery Switch
Ground Bus
+ -
Cap* Off
each wire
separately
** Always consult Local and
National Electrical Codes for
proper wire size prior to
installation.
10/3
AWG
Wire**
From Shore or Generator
Hot Neu. Gnd.
AC Output 2
Main
AC Output 1
Main
Hot
Bus
AC Input 2
30
AC Input 1
Freedom Marine
Inverter/Charger
32
AC Wire Colors
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
Main AC Panel
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Installation Option 3 for Freedom Marine 25 and 30
The inverter is used in a Dual Input/Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main
loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 amp
shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate), or two 30 amp
breakers from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, a 50
amp 120/240 volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger uses one
30 amp source of power (AC Input #1) and the other 30 amp source (AC Input #2) transfers
through the inverter to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2. There is no power sharing
between the charger and the inverter loads in this mode.
It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliances and outlet circuits be connected to the
Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in transfer mode, or by
the inverter in invert mode. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters, air
conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers should remain connected to the
Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shorepower or generator power from the main
panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or rapidly
discharging the battery bank, and eliminates the need to manually manage the energy usage of
these loads when using inverter power.
The inverter AC Input #1 must be supplied power from a 30 amp breaker and neutral in the main
panel and is used to power the charger only. AC Input #2 must be supplied by a second 30 amp
breaker and neutral in the main panel which transfers through the inverter to AC Output #2.
These two input breakers can be supplied by the same phase or as long as the neutrals are
separate, by opposite phases. The inverter AC Output #2 supplies a separate sub panel. The
appliance and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and inverter neutral
bus in the sub panel. AC Output #1 is not used and must be capped off.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to
select between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to
the input of the Main AC Panel.
If only AC Input #1 is supplied power, the unit will charge and power share with and transfer
power to the loads on AC Output # 2.
If only AC Input #2 is supplied power, the unit will not charge and will only transfer 30 amps
through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2.
33
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Freedom Marine Installation Option 3
Freedom Marine Model 25, 30
Dual Input/ Single Output
12 VDC Battery Bank
Inverter AC Sub Panel
To
Inverter
AC
Loads
+
Class T
Fuse
30 Amp Transfer
Separate Charge Input
Power Sharing Not Active
AC ground and DC ground are
shown connected, therefore,
galvanic protection is
recommended.
Hot
Bus
**Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation
Neutral Bus
Battery Switch
Ground Bus
+ -
Cap* Off each
wire separately
From Shore or Generator
L1 Neu Gnd
L2
Main
Main
10/3
AWG
Wire**
30
AC Output 2
AC Output 1
30
Neutral Bus
AC Input 2
Ground Bus
AC Input 1
Freedom Marine
Inverter/Charger
34
AC Wire Colors
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green
Main AC Panel
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Installation Option 4 for Freedom Marine 25 and 30
The inverter is used in a Dual Input/Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between main
loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 amp
shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate), or two 30 amp
breakers from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, a 50
amp 120/240 volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger uses one
30 amp source of power (AC Input #1) and the other 30 amp source (AC Input #2) transfers
through the inverter to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2. In inverter mode, the inverter
powers both groups of inverter loads. In charge/transfer mode, up to 60 amps can be transferred
to the inverter loads. The inverter loads are split into two groups so that these loads can be used
to help balance the two legs of shorepower or generator power.
It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliances and outlet circuits be connected to the
Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in charge/transfer mode,
or by the inverter in invert mode. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stoves, water heaters,
air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers should remain connected to the
Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shorepower or generator power from the main
panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or
rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminates the need to manually manage the energy
usage of these loads when using inverter power.
The inverter AC Input #1 must be supplied power from a 30 amp breaker and neutral in the main
panel and is used to power the charger and transfer up to 30 amps through to the inverter loads
connected to AC Output #1. AC Input #2 must be supplied by a second 30 amp breaker in the
main panel which transfers through the inverter to AC Output #2. These two input breakers can
be supplied by the same phase or by opposite phases. The inverter AC outputs supply a separate
sub panel. The appliance and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and
inverter neutral buses in the sub panel.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to
select between shorepower or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to
the input of the Main AC Panel.
If only AC Input #1 is supplied power, the unit will charge and transfer up to 30 amps through to
both groups of inverter loads. The charger will power share with both groups of inverter loads.
If only AC Input #2 is supplied power, the unit will not charge, and will only transfer 30 amps
through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2 only.
35
INSTALLATION OPTIONS
Freedom Marine Installation Option 4
Freedom Marine Model 25, 30
Dual Input/ Dual Output
30 Amp Transfer of two Legs of
power (60 Amp total)
Inverter AC Sub Panel
L2
L1
12 VDC Battery Bank
-
AC ground and DC ground are
shown connected, therefore,
galvanic protection is recommended
Hot
Bus
+
Class T
Fuse
* 2 Neutral buses are required if
Shore Power is supplied from two
Separate 30A sources.
*
Neutral 2 Bus
Battery Switch
**Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation
Neutral 1 Bus
Ground Bus
From Shore or Generator
.
L2
L1
Neu Gnd
Main
+
-
Main
10/3
AWG
Wire**
AC Output 2
30
AC Output 1
30
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
AC Input 2
AC Input 1
AC Wire Colors
Freedom Marine
Inverter/Charger
36
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green
Main AC Panel
INSTALLATION CHECKS
Follow these instructions to ensure proper
startup and confirm that the installation is
correct.
1. Check to make sure Invert and Charge
are OFF. The INVERT LED should not be
illuminated, the CHARGE LED should be
blinking (charger ready but no external AC
power available). If using a Remote Control
Panel or a Link Instrument, make sure inverter
and charger indicators are OFF.
2. Check battery polarity. If the unit was
connected to the battery with reverse polarity,
the unit will be damaged.
3. Check the battery voltage and ensure it
is within proper range for the unit (10–15.5 VDC).
Do not apply shorepower or
generator power without performing the
following steps:
1. Test the inverter function:
• With no loads connected to the output of
the inverter, turn the INVERT Switch ON. The
INVERT LED should be solid green. If using a
remote, turn ON the inverter with the switch on
the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument.
• The Freedom unit will produce a slight
ticking. If using a Remote Control Panel or Link
Instrument the INVERT LED will illuminate and
the voltage indicator will display the battery
voltage. The DC Amps LED will not be lit because the unit is in the idle mode.
WARNING
Do not turn the inverter ON before
eliminating any possibility of backfeed.
• Leave the load connected and turn OFF
the INVERT mode by pressing the INVERT
switch or turn OFF the INVERT mode from the
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument.
2. Test the transfer function:
• Be sure the unit is OFF, the INVERT and
CHARGE LEDs are not illuminated. Apply
shorepower. If there is a backfeed in the
installation, the unit will protect itself—the LOW
BATTERY and OVERTEMP/OVERLOAD LED
will both be blinking rapidly (five times per
second). Do not proceed until the backfeed
condition has been corrected.
• Once shorepower has been applied to the
unit, there will be approximately an 8-second
delay. Then the unit should transfer shorepower
and power the load. If this does not happen, do
not proceed. If the LOW BATTERY and OVERLOAD/OVERTEMP LEDs are blinking rapidly
or if you are using a Remote Control Panel
or Link Instrument, check the panel for a
backfeed indication. The panel will show an
overload condition. Eliminate the backfeed
condition.
• Add a load of 7 watts or more to the output
of the inverter. A 40 watt incandescent light
bulb will work fine. The DC Amps LEDs on the
remote will indicate the DC draw from the battery through the inverter.
37
INSTALLATION CHECKS
• Testing for backfeed. If a backfeed
condition is indicated, disconnect from
shorepower and disconnect the AC output
wires from the inverter. Make sure the inverter
is OFF.
Caution: Apply shorepower and measure for
voltage between the black and white wires that
were attached to the inverter output feeding the
electrical panel or loads, not the inverter output
wires. If there is voltage on these wires, a
backfeed condition exists and must be
corrected or damage will result.
3. Test the battery charger function:
• With shorepower applied and the
transfer switch engaged, the battery charger
should be in operation. The CHARGE LED will
blink for 8 seconds. After the 8 seconds, the
unit will enter the charge mode and the LED
will be illuminated. (When using Temperature
Sensitive Charging, this time may be longer.)
When AC is available, the unit will automatically default to charge mode without the
operator setting the unit in CHARGE mode. It is
necessary to press the CHARGE switch OFF,
if you do not want to charge.
Verify the charger is working by using a
volt meter. Use this same method on the start
or auxiliary battery connected to the echocharge to verify echo-charge operation. The
battery voltage should gradually increase.
If using a Remote Control Panel, DC Amps
LED indicates charger output and the DC Volts
LED indicates an increase in battery voltage.
Note: The house battery bank must be above
13.0 volts for the echo-charge to be operational.
38
• Turn the inverter ON—the green LED
should blink. Remove shorepower and the
inverter should automatically pick up the AC
load when shorepower is removed.
Repeat the test for transfer and battery
charger with the generator if you have one.
Congratulations, you have completed a
successful installation.
Note: For low power system shutdown
mode, both the INVERT and CHARGE LEDs
must be OFF.
TROUBLESHOOTING LED STATUS
L E D S t at u s
INVERT
CHARGE
Op er at io n St at u s
L OW B ATTERY
N o t es
OVERTEMP
OVERL OAD
Solid Green
Blinking Green OFF
OFF
Inverting. Charger ready but no
external AC available.
Normal
Blinking
Green
Solid Green
OFF
OFF
Inverter is in standby.
Battery is being charged.
Normal, charging current
limited if AC load exceeds
Power Sharing setting.
Blinking
Green
OFF
OFF
OFF
Inverter is in istandby.
Charger manually turned off.
If AC power is removed
and reapplied, the charger
will automatically turn ON.
OFF
Solid Green
OFF
OFF
Solid Green
Blinking Green Solid Red
*
Inverting. Charger ready but no
external AC available. Battery
Voltage Warning:
10V<VDC>15V
Warning. Battery voltage
less than 10 or more than
15 volts
Solid Green
Blinking Green
Solid Red
Inverting. Charger ready but no
external AC available. Overtemperature Warning
Warning. Inverter shutdown.
OFF
Blinking Green Slow Blinking
Red
*
Battery Voltage shutdown:
10V< VDC >15V
Inverter Shutdown.
Operation will resume when
battery reaches 13.5 volts
OFF
Blinking Green
*
Slow Blinking
Red
Charger ready but no external
AC power available. Charger
over-temperature Shutdown
Operation will automatically
resume after unit has
cooled down
OFF
Blinking Green
*
Fast Blinking
Red
Inverter Overload Shutdown
Reduce AC load. Manually
restart the system
OFF
Blinking Green Fast Blinking
Red
Fast Blinking
Red
Backfeed Shutdown. Incorrect
AC wiring
Correct AC in wiring before
use. Manually restart the
system.
OFF
Blinking Green Fast Blinking
Red
OFF
Battery Ripple
Warning
*
Inverter OFF. Charging.
Reset the inverter by
pushing INVERT button.
LED should blink.
* Could be either ON or OFF status.
39
TROUBLESHOOTING
Pro bl em
No Inverter Output
40
Th i n g s t o Ch eck
1. Battery voltage under load below 10 volts. Charge batteries.
2. Loose battery connections, open battery switch or blown DC fuse.
Tighten connections or replace fuse.
3. Tripped circuit breaker on front panel. Push-in to reset breaker.
4. Thermal condition, excessive loads or inadequate ventilation
caused overheating. Allow to cool. Ventilate the compartment.
5. Overloads or short circuit, check for excessive loads or shorted
wiring. Disconnect loads.
Low Inverter
Output Voltage
Confirm that your volt meter is a True RMS meter. Standard volt
meters will not accurately read the waveform of the inverter and may
read anywhere from 90 to 120 volts. If a True RMS meter is not
available, check the brightness of an incandescent light bulb - if it
appears normal, the output voltage is properly regulated.
Little or No Output
from Battery
Chargers
1. Wiring - check both the AC and DC connections.
2. AC input voltage - low voltage input will result in low DC output
current. Expect reduced charger output from generators under 3,500
watts.
3. Check power share setting if using a remote panel.
4. If Starter or Auxiliary battery is not charging quickly, check the
difference between the house battery and the starter battery with a
volt meter. If difference is greater than 3.2 volts, the echo~charge will
reduce energy delivered to the start battery. Check all connections to
the house and starter battery.
5. If there is no energy output to the start battery and the house
battery voltage is above 13.0 volts, a thermal shutdown of the
individual echo~charge has occured. The echo~charge will
automatically restart when the temperature drops to a safe level.
Microwave Oven
Cooking Slow
1. Microwave ovens will normally cook slower on inverter power
because the modified sine wave output has a slightly low peak AC
voltage.
2. Cooking speed will be determined by battery voltage. Low voltage
results in increased cooking time. Support the battery bank with an
alternator or other charging source for quicker cooking.
Slow or Fast
Digital Clock
1. Digital clocks either employ an internal time base or derive their
time base from the incoming AC waveform. The inverter frequency is
well regulated at 60 Hz. The clock either counts the number of peaks
in the waveform or the number of times the waveform crosses zero
volts. The circuitry that counts the zero crossing events is more
popular. The longer zero cross time of the inverter's modified sine
wave may cause double clocking, resulting in a faster clock.
GLOSSARY
Alternating Current (AC) An electric current
that reverses direction at regular intervals.
Sources of alternating current are shore
power, generator power, inverter power or
household current.
American Boat & Yacht Council (ABYC)
sets the standards for safe boating. Freedom
Marine conforms to ABYC standards A-20
“Battery Charging Devices” and A-25 “Power
Inverters.” For standard information, contact
ABYC, 3069 Solomons Island Road,
Edgewater, MD 21037-1416 (410)956-1050
fax (410)956-2737.
Ampere (Amp, A) The unit of measure of
electron flow rate of current through a circuit.
Ampere-hour (Amp-Hr., Ah) A unit of
measure for a battery’s electrical storage
capacity, obtained by multiplying the current in
amperes by the time in hours of discharge
(Example: a battery which delivers 5 amperes
for 20 hours delivers 5 amperes times 20
hours, or 100 amp hours of capacity.)
Ampere-Hour Capacity The ability of a fully
charged battery to deliver a specified quantity
of electricity (Amp-Hr., Ah) at a given rate
(Amp, A) over a definite period of time (Hr.).
The capacity of a battery depends upon a
number of factors such as active material,
weight, density, adhesion to grid, number,
design and dimensions of plates, plate spacing
design of separators, specific gravity and
quantity of available electrolyte, grid alloys, final
limiting voltage, discharge rate, temperature,
internal and external resistance, age and life of
the battery (bank).
Circuit An electric circuit is the path of an
electric current. A closed circuit has a
complete path. An open circuit has a broken or
disconnected path.
Circuit (Series) A circuit which has only one
path for the current to flow. Batteries arranged
in series are connected with the negative of the
first to the positive of the second, negative of
the second to the positive of the third, and so
on. If two 6 volt batteries of 50 ampere-hours
capacity are connected in series, the circuit
voltage is equal to the sum of the two battery
voltages, or 12 volts, and the ampere-hour
capacity of the combination is 50 ampere hours.
Circuit (Parallel) A circuit which provides
more than one path for current flow. A parallel
arrangement of batteries (of like voltage and
capacity) would have all positive terminals
connected to a conductor and all negative
terminals connected to another conductor. If
two 12 volt batteries of 50 ampere-hour capacity
each are connected in parallel, the circuit
voltage is 12 volts, and the ampere-hour
capacity of the combination is 100 ampere hours.
Current The rate of flow of electricity or the
movement rate of electrons along a conductor.
It is comparable to the flow of a stream of
water. The unit of measure for current is
ampere.
Cycle In a battery, one discharge plus one
recharge equals one cycle.
Direct Current (DC) Current that flows
continuously in one direction such as that from
batteries, photovoltaics, alternators, chargers
and DC generators.
AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) Battery A lead
acid, maintenance-free battery.
AWG (American Wire Gauge) A standard
used to measure the size of wire.
41
GLOSSARY
Equalize Charge A controlled overcharge of
the batteries that brings all cells up to the
same voltage potential, extends the battery life,
restores capacity and mixes the electrolyte.
This can only be done using the Freedom
Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument.
Gel Cell Battery A type of battery that uses a
gelled electrolyte solution. These batteries are
sealed and are virtually maintenance free. Not
all sealed batteries are the gel cell type.
GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) A
protective device that rapidly de-energizes a
circuit when current to ground exceeds a
predetermined value.
Ground The reference potential of a circuit. In
automotive use, the result of attaching one
battery cable to the body or frame which is
used as a path for completing a circuit in lieu of
a direct wire from a component. This method
is not suitable for connecting the negative
cable of the inverter to ground. Instead, route
the cable directly to the negative terminal of the
battery.
LED (Light Emitting Diode) Indicator light.
Link Instrument These panels monitor single
and dual battery banks. Some models provide
remote management of Freedom Inverter/
Chargers. Available in five models: Link 10,
Link 20, Link 1000, Link 2000, Link 2000-R.
NEC National Electric Code. Contact National
Fire Protection Association, One Batterymarch
Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101
(617)770-3000
Negative (-) Designating or pertaining to
electrical potential. The negative terminal is the
point from which electrons flow during
discharge.
42
Ohm A unit for measuring electrical
resistance.
Ohm’s Law Expresses the relationship
between voltage (V) and current (I) in an
electrical circuit with resistance (R). It can be
expressed as follows: V=IR. If any two of the
three values are known, the third value can be
calculated by using the above formula.
Positive (+) Designating or pertaining to
electrical potential; opposite of negative. The
positive battery terminal is the point where
electrons return to the battery during
discharge.
Power Sharing The feature of the charger to
reduce its output when the AC power being
consumed by the charger and external AC
loads connected to the output of the inverter
are in excess of the input breaker rating.
TSC Abbreviation for Temperature Sensitive
Charging. The ability of the charger to adjust its
charging voltage based on the temperature
sensed at the battery bank if a temperature
probe is used.
Volt The unit of measure for electric potential.
Watt The unit for measuring electrical power,
that is, the rate of doing work, in moving
electrons by or against an electric potential.
Watt-Hour (Watt-HR, Wh) The unit for
measuring electrical energy which equals
watts x hours.
Wet Cell Battery A type of battery that uses
liquid as an electrolyte. The wet cell battery
requires periodic maintenance—cleaning the
connections, checking the electrolyte level and
performing an equalization cycle.
Freedom 30-12
81-3011-12
12 V D C
10-15.5 VD C
10 +/-0.5 VD C
90-130 VAC
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
Freedom 25-12
81-2511-12
12 V D C
10-15.5 VD C
10 +/-0.5 VD C
90-130 VAC
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
Freedom 20-12
81-2011-12
12 V D C
10-15.5 VD C
10 +/-0.5 VD C
90-130 VAC
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
Freedom 15-12
81-1511-12
12 V D C
10-15.5 VD C
10 +/-0.5 VD C
90-130 VAC
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
Freedom 10-12
81-1011-12
12 V D C
10-15.5 VD C
10 +/-0.5 VD C
90-130 VAC
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
B attery Voltage R ange
Low B attery C utout
All
86%
93%
Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage
Over/Under Battery Voltage
Short-ci rcui t
C i rcui t Breaker
Over C urrent
Over Temperature
140 Amps D C
28 Amps AC
14.4+/-0.2 VD C
13.5+/-0.2 VD C
16.3 VD C
Yes
2 Outputs
15 A / 14.4 VD C
Opti onal Remote or Li nk
5 0 L b s.
13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4"
All
87%
93%
Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage
Over/Under Battery Voltage
Short-ci rcui t
C i rcui t Breaker
Over C urrent
Over Temperature
130 Amps D C
26 Amps A C
14.4+/-0.2 VD C
13.5+/-0.2 VD C
16.3 VD C
Yes
2 Outputs
15 A / 14.4 VD C
Opti onal Remote or Li nk
5 0 L b s.
13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4"
All
85%
93%
Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage
Over/Under Battery Voltage
Short-ci rcui t
C i rcui t Breaker
Over C urrent
Over Temperature
100 Amps D C
21 Amps AC
14.4+/-0.2 VD C
13.5+/-0.2 VD C
16.3 VD C
Yes
1 Output
15 A / 14.4 VD C
Opti onal Remote or Li nk
4 5 L b s.
13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4"
All
86%
93%
Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage
Over/Under Battery Voltage
Short-ci rcui t
C i rcui t Breaker
Over C urrent
Over Temperature
75 Amps D C
16 Amps AC
14.4+/-0.2 VD C
13.5+/-0.2 VD C
16.3 VD C
Yes
1 Output
15 A / 14.4 VD C
Opti onal Remote or Li nk
4 5 L b s.
13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4"
All
85%
93%
Over/Under Uti li ty Voltage
Over/Under Battery Voltage
Short-ci rcui t
C i rcui t Breaker
Over C urrent
Over Temperature
50 Amps D C
12 Amps AC
14.4+/-0.2 VD C
13.5+/-0.2 VD C
16.3 VD C
Yes
1 Output
15 A / 14.4 VD C
Opti onal Remote or Li nk
3 4 L b s.
13-7/8"x11-1/2"x7-3/4"
Pow er Factors Allow ed
Full Load Efficiency
Peak Efficiency
C harge R ate
AC Input C urrent (Max C harge Mode)
B ulk C harge Voltage
Float Voltage
Temperature Sensitive C harging
Auxiliary B attery C harge Outputs
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Status panel
Weight (lbs)
D imensions (LxWxH )
Auxiliary B attery C harge
C urrent/Voltage
Equaliz ing C harge Voltage
Protection
75 Amps A C
0.12 Amps D C
62.5 Amps A C
0.12 Amps D C
50 Amps A C
0.12 Amps D C
37.5 Amps A C
0.12 Amps D C
25 Amps AC
0.12 Amps D C
Surge pow er
N o Load C urrent D rain
3000 VA
Modi fi ed Si ne Wave
2500 VA
Modi fi ed Si ne Wave
2000 VA
Modi fi ed Si ne Wave
1500 VA
Modi fi ed Si ne Wave
1000 VA
Modi fi ed Si ne Wave
Wave Shape
Inverter C ontinuous Output Pow er
Frequency R egulation
AC Input Voltage R ange
N orminal B attery Voltage
Part N umber
SPECIFICATIONS
43
WARRANTY
What does this warranty cover?
This Limited Warranty is provided by Xantrex Technology, Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your
Xantrex Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger. This warranty lasts for a Warranty Period of 30 months from the date of purchase at point
of sale to you, the original end user customer.
This Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners but only for the unexpired portion of the Warranty Period.
What will Xantrex do?
Xantrex will, at its option, repair or replace the defective product free of charge, provided that you notify Xantrex of the product
defect within the Warranty Period, and provided that Xantrex through inspection establishes the existence of such a defect and that it
is covered by this Limited Warranty.
Xantrex will, at its option, use new and/or reconditioned parts in performing warranty repair and building replacement products.
Xantrex reserves the right to use parts or products of original or improved design in the repair or replacement. If Xantrex repairs or
replaces a product, its warranty continues for the remaining portion of the original Warranty Period or 90 days from the date of the
return shipment to the customer, whichever is greater. All replaced products and all parts removed from repaired products become the
property of Xantrex.
Xantrex covers both parts and labor necessary to repair the product, and return shipment to the customer via a Xantrex-selected nonexpedited surface freight within the contiguous United States and Canada. Alaska and Hawaii are excluded. Contact Xantrex Customer
Service for details on freight policy for return shipments outside of the contiguous United States and Canada.
How do you get service?
If your product requires troubleshooting or warranty service, contact your merchant. If you are unable to contact your merchant, or
the merchant is unable to provide service, contact Xantrex directly at:
Phone:
Fax:
Email:
1-800-670-0707 (toll free in North America), 1-604-422-2777 (direct)
1-604-420-2145
CustomerService@xantrex.com
Direct returns may be performed according to the Xantrex Return Material Authorization Policy described in your product manual. For
some products, Xantrex maintains a network of regional Authorized Service Centers. Call Xantrex or check our Web site to see if your
product can be repaired at one of these facilities.
In any warranty claim, dated proof of purchase must accompany the product and the product must not have been disassembled or
modified without prior written authorization by Xantrex.
Proof of purchase may be in any one of the following forms:
•
•
•
The dated purchase receipt from the original purchase of the product at point of sale to the end user, or
The dated dealer invoice or purchase receipt showing original equipment manufacturer (OEM) status, or
The dated invoice or purchase receipt showing the product exchanged under warranty
What does this warranty not cover?
This Limited Warranty does not cover normal wear and tear of the product or costs related to the removal, installation, or
troubleshooting of the customer’s electrical systems. This warranty does not apply to and Xantrex will not be responsible for any
defect in or damage to:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
44
the product if it has been misused, neglected, improperly installed, physically damaged or altered, either internally or
externally, or damaged from improper use or use in an unsuitable environment;
the product if it has been subjected to fire, water, generalized corrosion, biological infestations, or input voltage that creates
operating conditions beyond the maximum or minimum limits listed in the Xantrex product specifications including high
input voltage from generators and lightning strikes;
the product if repairs have been done to it other than by Xantrex or its authorized service centers (hereafter “ASCs”);
the product if it is used as a component part of a product expressly warranted by another manufacturer;
the product if its original identification (trade-mark, serial number) markings have been defaced, altered, or removed.
WARRANTY
Disclaimer
Product
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY PROVIDED BY XANTREX IN CONNECTION
WITH YOUR XANTREX PRODUCT AND IS, WHERE PERMITTED BY LAW, IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
CONDITIONS, GUARANTEES, REPRESENTATIONS, OBLIGATIONS AND LIABILITIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY
OR OTHERWISE IN CONNECTION WITH THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER ARISING (WHETHER BY CONTRACT, TORT,
NEGLIGENCE, PRINCIPLES OF MANUFACTURER’S LIABILITY, OPERATION OF LAW, CONDUCT, STATEMENT OR
OTHERWISE), INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF QUALITY,
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW TO APPLY TO THE
PRODUCT SHALL BE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE PERIOD STIPULATED UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.
IN NO EVENT WILL XANTREX BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, LOSSES, COSTS OR EXPENSES HOWEVER ARISING WHETHER IN CONTRACT OR TORT INCLUDING
WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY ECONOMIC LOSSES OF ANY KIND, ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PROPERTY, ANY
PERSONAL INJURY, ANY DAMAGE OR INJURY ARISING FROM OR AS A RESULT OF MISUSE OR ABUSE, OR THE
INCORRECT INSTALLATION, INTEGRATION OR OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT.
Exclusions
If this product is a consumer product, federal law does not allow an exclusion of implied warranties. To the extent you are entitled to
implied warranties under federal law, to the extent permitted by applicable law they are limited to the duration of this Limited
Warranty. Some states and provinces do not allow limitations or exclusions on implied warranties or on the duration of an implied
warranty or on the limitation or exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not
apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have other rights which may vary from state to state or
province to province.
Warning: Limitations On Use
Please refer to your product user manual for limitations on uses of the product. Specifically, please note that the Xantrex Freedom
Marine Inverter/Charger is not intended for use in connection with life support systems and Xantrex makes no warranty or
representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes.
Please note that the Xantrex Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger is not intended for use as an uninterruptible power supply and Xantrex
makes no warranty or representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes.
Return Material Authorization Policy
Before returning a product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number and the correct
factory “Ship To” address. Products must also be shipped prepaid. Product shipments will be refused and returned at your expense if
they are unauthorized, returned without an RMA number clearly marked on the outside of the shipping box, if they are shipped collect,
or if they are shipped to the wrong location.
When you contact Xantrex to obtain service, please have your instruction manual ready for reference and be prepared to supply:
•
•
•
•
The serial number of your product
Information about the installation and use of the unit
Information about the failure and/or reason for the return
A copy of your dated proof of purchase
45
WARRANTY
Return Procedure
1.
Package the unit safely, preferably using the original box and packing materials. Please ensure that your product is shipped fully
insured in the original packaging or equivalent. This warranty will not apply where the product is damaged due to improper
packaging.
2.
Include the following:
•
The RMA number supplied by Xantrex Technology Inc clearly marked on the outside of the box.
•
A return address where the unit can be shipped. Post office boxes are not acceptable.
•
A contact telephone number where you can be reached during work hours
•
A brief description of the problem
3.
Ship the unit prepaid to the address provided by your Xantrex customer service representative.
If you are returning a product from outside of the USA or Canada
In addition to the above, you MUST include return freight funds and are fully responsible for all documents, duties, tariffs, and
deposits.
If you are returning a product to a Xantrex Authorized Service Center (ASC)
A Xantrex return material authorization (RMA) number is not required. However, you must contact the ASC prior to returning the
product or presenting the unit to verify any return procedures that may apply to that particular facility.
46
47
Xantrex Technology Inc.
Toll free 1 800 670 0707
Direct 1 604 422 2777
Fax 1 604 420 2145
CustomerService@xantrex.com
www.xantrex.com
445-0194-01-01 Rev. 2
Printed in the U.S.A.
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