Euphonix | ML530 | Instruction manual | Euphonix ML530 Instruction manual

Euphonix System
Digital Audio Mixing System
Operation Manual
Document Revision: 2.0
Release Date: March, 2003
eMix version: 2.6
Part Number: 840-08522-01
Euphonix, Inc.
220 Portage Ave.
Palo Alto, California 94306
Phone:
650-855-0400
Fax:
650-855-0410
Web:
http://www.euphonix.com
e-mail:
info@euphonix.com
i
In the interest of continued product development, Euphonix reserves the right to make
improvements in this manual and the product it describes at any time, without notice or
obligation.
System 5, S5, PatchNet, eMix, EuCon, R1, Studio Hub, Audio Deck, Max Air, Reel Feel,
Clear Displays, Track Panner, SnapShot Recal, DSC (Digital Studio Controller), HyperSurround, Total Automation and Mix View are trademarks of Euphonix, Inc.
©2003 Euphonix, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any
language in any form by any means without written permission of Euphonix, Inc.
Manual design by Rob Wenig.
Manual written by Tim Driedger and Rob Wenig.
Note:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct
the interference at his own expense.
Caution: Any changes or modifications made by the user that are not expressly approved
by Euphonix could void the user’s right to operate the equipment.
ii
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
The lighting flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert
the user to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure
that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electrical shock to persons.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the
presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature
accompanying the product.
1) Read these instructions.
2) Keep these instructions.
3) Heed all warnings.
4) Follow all instructions.
5) Do not use this apparatus near water.
6) Clean only with a dry cloth.
7) Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8) Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9) Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has
two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third
grounding prong. The wider blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided
plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10) Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience
receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11) Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12) Use only with the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manufacturer, or sold
with the apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip-over.
iii
13) Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.
14) Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has
been damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been
spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or
moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
15) WARNING – TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
EXPOSE THIS APPARATUS TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
16) Do not expose this equipment to dripping or splashing and ensure that no objects filled with
liquids, such as vases, are placed on the equipment.
17) To completely disconnect this equipment from the AC Mains, disconnect the power supply
cord plug from the AC receptacle.
18) The mains plug of the power supply cord shall remain readily operable.
19) This unit is provided with a power supply cord set suitable for 120V AC input only (for U.S.A.
and Canada). For other than U.S.A. and Canada, a qualified person must provide for use with
this unit, an appropriate, approved power supply cord set which is in compliance with the end
use country requirements and has a minimum cross-sectional area of 1.0mm2.
20) For units with more than one power cord:
Caution: This unit has more than one power supply cord. Disconnect two power supply cords
before servicing to avoid electrical shock.
Attention cet appareil comporte plus d’un cordon d’alimentation. Afin de prévenir les chocs
électriques, débrancher les deux cordons d’alimentation avant de faire le dépannage.
21) Operator Accessible Fuse:
Caution: For continued protection against risk of fire, replace only with same type and rating
of fuse.
Attention: Pour ne pas compromettre la protection contre les risques d’incendie, remplacer par
un fusible de même type et de même caractéristiques nominales.
iv
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Table of Contents
List of Figures ..................................................................................................................... xiii
List of Tables ...................................................................................................................... xvii
Chapter 1: Introduction .................................................................................................19
1.1
How to Use This Manual.........................................................................20
1.2
System 5 Hardware..................................................................................22
1.2.1
1.3
Overview of System Components.............................................23
System 5 Startup Sequence .....................................................................24
Chapter 2: New Features in eMix Version 2.6 ...................................................25
Chapter 3: Quickstart to Common Tasks ............................................................29
3.1
Connect and Play a CD............................................................................29
3.2
Connect and Monitor a Microphone........................................................31
Chapter 4: eMix Application........................................................................................35
4.1
Directory..................................................................................................35
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.2
4.3
Projects......................................................................................35
Titles..........................................................................................37
Mixes.........................................................................................39
Operations on Current Title and Mix........................................41
Title Defaults.............................................................................42
PatchNet ..................................................................................................45
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
Console I/O ...............................................................................46
Device Inputs and Outputs........................................................47
Cabling ......................................................................................47
Patching Examples....................................................................48
Mix Bus Send/Return................................................................52
Monitor Patching.......................................................................53
4.2.7
4.2.8
Solo Bus and Utility Patching...................................................53
Talkback Signal Patching..........................................................53
Busses ......................................................................................................54
v
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.3.1
Law Palette................................................................................55
4.4
Externals ..................................................................................................56
4.5
System .....................................................................................................56
4.5.1
Mixer Model .............................................................................56
4.6
Folddown.................................................................................................59
4.7
Diagnostics ..............................................................................................60
4.8
Masters ....................................................................................................61
4.9
Conform...................................................................................................61
4.10
Events ......................................................................................................61
4.11
System 5 Logo.........................................................................................61
Chapter 5: CM401 Master Section ...........................................................................63
5.1
Monitoring...............................................................................................64
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.2
Communications......................................................................................69
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.3
Talkback....................................................................................70
Listenback .................................................................................71
Oscillator/Slate..........................................................................72
Quick Access Communications Panels.....................................74
Solo..........................................................................................................75
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.3.7
5.3.8
5.4
Monitor Source Selection..........................................................64
Mix Section and Aux Send Format...........................................66
Control Room Monitor Controls...............................................66
SLS/Cue Monitor Outputs ........................................................68
Solo Mode .................................................................................75
Solo Level .................................................................................76
Solo Clear..................................................................................76
Intercancel, Momentary, and Sum ............................................76
Solo Speaker Selection..............................................................76
Solo Speaker Dim .....................................................................76
Solo-Safe...................................................................................77
Backstop PFL............................................................................77
Meters ......................................................................................................78
vi
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.4.1
5.4.2
Meters Panel..............................................................................78
Master Section Meters ..............................................................81
Chapter 6: CM402 Center Section ...........................................................................83
6.1
Channel Select Panel ...............................................................................85
6.2
Knobset Panels ........................................................................................86
6.2.1
6.3
Knobset Control Panel ..............................................................86
Bus Routing Panel ...................................................................................88
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
Grp Route..................................................................................88
Mix Route .................................................................................88
Grp Section ...............................................................................88
Track Arming............................................................................88
Chapter 7: Busses and Bus Masters .....................................................................89
7.1
Introduction to System 5 Busses .............................................................89
7.2
Bus Master Functions ..............................................................................90
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.2.5
7.2.6
7.2.7
7.3
Aux, Grp, and Mix Masters ......................................................91
Bus Lock ...................................................................................91
Mon Lock..................................................................................91
Mix Bus.....................................................................................91
Group and Aux Busses..............................................................93
Configuring Mono/Stereo Aux Busses .....................................93
Bus Master Inserts.....................................................................94
Mix and Group Bus Setup .......................................................................94
Chapter 8: Channels and Strips ...............................................................................95
8.1
Strips........................................................................................................95
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.1.3
8.2
Map Channels and Control Groups to Strips ............................97
Input Names or Channel Number .............................................99
Strip Utilities ...........................................................................100
Channel Control Features ......................................................................103
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
Channel Name.........................................................................103
Function Keys .........................................................................103
Rotary Knobs ..........................................................................103
vii
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.2.4
8.2.5
8.2.6
8.2.7
8.2.8
8.3
Channel Process Order and Patch Points...............................................107
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.4
Channel Patch Points ..............................................................108
Channel Processor Order ........................................................109
Insert Point ..............................................................................109
Channel Processing Functions...............................................................110
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.4.5
8.5
Touch-Sensitive Fader and Controls.......................................104
Wave Key................................................................................105
All Mode .................................................................................105
All Knobs Key ........................................................................106
Copy and Paste........................................................................106
Inputs.......................................................................................110
Dynamics ................................................................................113
Equalizers and Filters..............................................................117
Aux Sends ...............................................................................119
Pan...........................................................................................122
Channel Mixing Functions ....................................................................125
8.5.1
8.5.2
Group Bus Routing .................................................................125
Mix Bus Routing.....................................................................126
Chapter 9: Control Groups and Multi Format Masters ..............................127
9.1
Control Groups ......................................................................................127
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.1.4
9.1.5
9.1.6
Create Control Group..............................................................128
Place Control Group on Strip..................................................129
Modify Control Group ............................................................129
Name Control Group...............................................................129
Clear Control Group................................................................129
Coalesce Control Group..........................................................130
9.2
Multi Format Masters ............................................................................130
9.3
Spill Area...............................................................................................131
9.4
Control Groups or Multi Format Masters..............................................132
viii
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 10: Layouts and Snapshots ......................................................................133
10.1
10.2
Layouts ..................................................................................................134
10.1.1
10.1.2
10.1.3
Create a New Layout...............................................................134
Recall a Layout .......................................................................136
Modify a Layout......................................................................136
10.1.4
10.1.5
Rename a Layout ....................................................................136
Delete a Layout .......................................................................137
Snapshots...............................................................................................137
10.2.1
10.2.2
10.2.3
10.2.4
10.2.5
Create a New Snapshot ...........................................................137
Recall a Snapshot ....................................................................139
Update Snapshot .....................................................................139
Rename a Snapshot .................................................................140
Delete a Snapshot....................................................................140
Chapter 11: Machine Control ......................................................................................141
11.1
Transport Controls.................................................................................142
11.2
Locate Controls .....................................................................................143
11.2.1
11.2.2
11.2.3
11.2.4
11.2.5
11.2.6
11.2.7
11.3
Time Displays .........................................................................143
Store Locate Value to a Register.............................................145
Store Current Value to a Register ...........................................145
Locate Key ..............................................................................146
Return Key ..............................................................................146
Title Start.................................................................................146
Cue Points ...............................................................................146
Track Arming ........................................................................................148
11.3.1
11.3.2
11.3.3
11.3.4
11.3.5
Record in Motion ....................................................................149
Track Arm in Motion ..............................................................149
On Transport Stop...................................................................149
Arm While Stopped ................................................................149
TC Lock ..................................................................................149
Chapter 12: GPI/O Event System ..............................................................................151
12.1
Input Types............................................................................................152
12.2
Output Types .........................................................................................153
ix
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.3
Logical Operators ..................................................................................154
12.4
Event Configuration Display.................................................................154
12.5
Event List...............................................................................................155
12.6
Input.......................................................................................................155
12.7
Output ....................................................................................................156
12.8
Deleting Events .....................................................................................156
12.9
GPI Examples........................................................................................157
12.9.1
12.9.2
12.9.3
12.9.4
12.9.5
12.9.6
12.9.7
Move a Fader to Turn Off the Floor Monitors........................157
Move a Fader to Turn On the Floor Monitors ........................158
Move a Fader to Start a Cart Machine ....................................159
Move a Fader to Stop a Cart Machine ....................................160
Video Switcher Turns a Specific Camera and Channel On ....161
Video Switcher Turns a Specific Camera and Channel Off ...162
Audio Follow Video................................................................163
Chapter 13: Dynamic Automation ............................................................................167
13.1
Overview ...............................................................................................167
13.2
Automation Interface.............................................................................168
13.2.1
13.2.2
13.2.3
13.3
Automation Modes ................................................................................170
13.3.1
13.3.2
13.3.3
13.3.4
13.4
Isolate ......................................................................................170
Read ........................................................................................170
Write Absolute ........................................................................171
Write Trim...............................................................................171
Assigning an Automation Mode............................................................172
13.4.1
13.4.2
13.4.3
13.4.4
13.5
Automation LEDs ...................................................................169
Select/Punch Keys...................................................................169
All Knobs Key ........................................................................169
Global Mode/Global Function ................................................172
Global Mode/Strip Function ...................................................173
Strip Mode/Strip Function ......................................................174
Changing the Automation Mode of an Individual Parameter .174
Recording Automation ..........................................................................175
13.5.1
Knobs and Faders....................................................................175
x
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.5.2
13.6
Playing Back Automation......................................................................177
13.6.1
13.6.2
13.6.3
13.6.4
13.7
Fader Glide Modes..................................................................179
Knob Glide Modes ..................................................................180
Setting Auto and Manual Glide Times ...................................181
Switch Automation .................................................................182
Fill Features ...........................................................................................183
13.8.1
13.8.2
13.8.3
13.8.4
13.8.5
13.8.6
13.8.7
13.8.8
13.8.9
13.9
Write Absolute ........................................................................177
Read ........................................................................................178
Isolate ......................................................................................178
Write Trim...............................................................................178
Modifying Automation..........................................................................179
13.7.1
13.7.2
13.7.3
13.7.4
13.8
Switches ..................................................................................176
AutoFill ...................................................................................183
Fill Start ..................................................................................186
Fill End ...................................................................................186
Fill Start + Fill End ................................................................187
Setting Fill Start and End Times .............................................187
Fill Region + Fill Start + Fill End...........................................188
Fill Region + Fill End ............................................................188
Fill Region + Fill Start ...........................................................189
Fill to Punch ...........................................................................189
Automation Performance Utilities.........................................................189
13.9.1
13.9.2
13.9.3
13.9.4
13.9.5
13.9.6
Preview....................................................................................189
Join ..........................................................................................190
Snap Mode ..............................................................................191
Update on Locate ....................................................................191
All Match ................................................................................191
Auto Match .............................................................................191
13.10 Synchronizing Automation with an External Device............................192
13.10.1 TC Lock ..................................................................................192
13.11 Bus Master Automation.........................................................................192
13.12 Mix Assigns...........................................................................................192
13.13 Managing the Automation.....................................................................193
xi
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.13.1 Group Coalesce .......................................................................193
13.13.2 Mix Passes...............................................................................193
13.13.3 Automation Conform ..............................................................196
Chapter 14: CM403 Film/Post Module....................................................................201
14.1
CM403...................................................................................................201
14.2
The Film Panel ......................................................................................202
14.2.1
14.2.2
14.2.3
14.3
The PEC/DIR Panel ................................................................203
The Monitor Utility Section....................................................205
CM403 TFT Display...............................................................208
Joystick Module.....................................................................................210
14.3.1
14.3.2
14.3.3
14.3.4
14.3.5
Assigning a Channel to a Joystick ..........................................210
Linking a Joystick to a Strip ...................................................211
Layouts....................................................................................211
Setting the Automation Mode for a Joystick ..........................211
Punching in a Joystick.............................................................211
14.4
Multi-Operator Console.........................................................................212
14.5
Solo Linking ..........................................................................................212
14.6
Patching .................................................................................................212
14.7
Machine Control....................................................................................213
14.8
Track Arming ........................................................................................213
14.9
Solo-In-Place .........................................................................................213
xii
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
List of Figures
1-1
System 5 hardware diagram ..............................................................................................22
3-1
New Title dialog ...............................................................................................................29
3-2
Device Outputs page in PatchNet .....................................................................................30
3-3
Cabling ..............................................................................................................................31
3-4
Microphone assignment in Device Outputs ......................................................................32
4-1
Projects Window ...............................................................................................................36
4-2
Titles Window ...................................................................................................................37
4-3
New Title dialog ...............................................................................................................38
4-4
Mixes Window ..................................................................................................................40
4-5
File operations buttons for current Title ...........................................................................41
4-6
Updating Title Defaults warning ......................................................................................42
4-7
Device Inputs normalled ...................................................................................................43
4-8
Simplified MADI routing diagram ...................................................................................45
4-9
Console I/O A and B inputs Window ...............................................................................46
4-10
Bottom of Console I/O window ........................................................................................47
4-11
Device Outputs window ....................................................................................................49
4-12
Selecting destination channels ..........................................................................................50
4-13
Mics Patched to Channels .................................................................................................51
4-14
R-1 and mics patched ........................................................................................................52
4-15
Mix Bus Send and Return .................................................................................................52
4-16
Mix Bus Window with law palette ...................................................................................54
4-17
Group Bus Window ..........................................................................................................54
4-18
Law Palette .......................................................................................................................55
4-19
Mixer Models ....................................................................................................................57
4-20
Folddown window ............................................................................................................59
4-21
Diagnostics Window .........................................................................................................60
5-1
CM401 Master Module .....................................................................................................63
5-2
Monitoring Matrix ............................................................................................................64
5-3
Monitor Controls and MonD Source Panel ......................................................................65
xiii
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5-4
CR Output controls and Control Room Output Panel ......................................................67
5-5
Comms:Talkback Panels ...................................................................................................70
5-6
Comms:Listenback Panel .................................................................................................71
5-7
Comms:Slate/Osc Panel ....................................................................................................73
5-8
Quick Access Communication Panels ..............................................................................74
5-9
Master Solo section (top-left) and Solo Control Panel .....................................................75
5-10
Channel meter with dynamics gain reduction meter on right ...........................................78
5-11
Meter Presets and Meter Configuration Panels ................................................................79
5-12
Master section meters showing 5.1-channel CR and Aux Busses 1–8 .............................81
6-1
CM402 Center Section ......................................................................................................84
6-2
Channel Select Panel ........................................................................................................85
6-3
Center Panel knobsets .......................................................................................................86
6-4
Knobset Control Panel ......................................................................................................87
6-5
Bus Routing Panel ............................................................................................................88
7-1
CM401 Center Section with Bus Master Strip .................................................................90
7-2
Mix Bus Master (left) and Individual Bus (right) Displays ..............................................92
7-3
Aux busses 1 and 2 linked as stereo pair ..........................................................................93
8-1
The Strip with block diagram for Main/Swap channels and meter/status display ............96
8-2
Strip controls during channel assignment .........................................................................97
8-3
Channel Assign Panel .......................................................................................................98
8-4
Strip Config panel ...........................................................................................................100
8-5
Center section Select Panel .............................................................................................102
8-6
Rotary Knob Controls .....................................................................................................103
8-7
Fader Controls .................................................................................................................104
8-8
Channel processor order and patch points ......................................................................107
8-9
Changing processor order ...............................................................................................109
8-10
Input A (left) and Signal Processing In/Out (right) knobsets .........................................110
8-11
Stereo Controls ...............................................................................................................112
8-12
Dynamics knobset page 1 ...............................................................................................114
8-13
Expander/Gate, Compressor, and Sidechain/filters knobset pages .................................115
8-14
EQ and Filters knobsets ..................................................................................................117
xiv
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8-15
Aux Send Knobset and pre/post config pages ................................................................120
8-16
Pan Knobsets ...................................................................................................................122
8-17
Pan graph ........................................................................................................................124
8-18
GRP and MIX route switches .........................................................................................125
9-1
Groups Panel ...................................................................................................................128
9-2
Masters Screen ................................................................................................................130
10-1
Layouts Panel ..................................................................................................................135
10-2
Snapshots Panel ..............................................................................................................138
11-1
Machine Control Panel ...................................................................................................141
11-2
Transport Controls ..........................................................................................................142
11-3
Locator Controls .............................................................................................................143
11-4
Locate Registers Panel ....................................................................................................144
11-5
Machine Setup Panel ......................................................................................................148
12-1
Event Configuration Window .........................................................................................155
12-2
Add Input Event Dialog ..................................................................................................156
12-3
Audio Follow video configuration ..................................................................................163
12-4
Add Input Event Dialog ..................................................................................................164
12-5
Input Event Properties ....................................................................................................164
12-6
Add Output Event dialog ................................................................................................165
12-7
Output Event Properties ..................................................................................................165
12-8
Output Event Properties ..................................................................................................165
13-1
Center Section Automation Panel ...................................................................................168
13-2
Knob (top) and fader (bottom) automation and control features ....................................169
13-3
Write Trim mode adds Trim moves to Absolute automation values ..............................171
13-4
Knobset Select/Punch keys .............................................................................................173
13-5
Knob (left) and fader (right) punch record methods .......................................................175
13-6
Additional punch record methods ...................................................................................176
13-7
Playing a knob automation move in Write Absolute mode ............................................177
13-8
Adding, erasing, and modifying the times of switch automation events ........................182
13-9
Fader values recorded during first pass ..........................................................................184
13-10 Fader values resulting from the first pass with AutoFill Off (left) and On (right) .........184
xv
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13-11 Recording a second pass after AutoFill was Off (left) and On (right) during first pass .184
13-12 Automation Panel ...........................................................................................................185
13-13 Setting times in the machine control panel .....................................................................187
13-14 Mix Pass tree ...................................................................................................................193
13-15 Conform screen ...............................................................................................................196
13-16 Conform screen with notes .............................................................................................198
13-17 Execute Conform dialog box ..........................................................................................199
14-1
Post Panel Interface ........................................................................................................202
14-2
Link Key Lit ....................................................................................................................203
14-3
Link Key Not Lit .............................................................................................................204
14-4
Monitor Utility Section ...................................................................................................205
14-5
Speaker Re-assign ...........................................................................................................206
14-6
Solo Safe .........................................................................................................................207
14-7
Top Level Metering Display ...........................................................................................208
14-8
Bus Level Metering Display ...........................................................................................208
14-9
Bus/Track and Monitor Assignments Display ................................................................209
14-10 Joystick Panel controls ....................................................................................................210
14-11 Master and Slave Console Hookup .................................................................................213
xvi
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
List of Tables
4-1
Law Palette Formats ...................................................................................................... 55
6-1
Center Panel Knobset Presets ........................................................................................ 87
12-1 GP Input Types, Settings, and Activation Values ....................................................... 152
12-2 GP Output Types, Settings, and Activation Values ..................................................... 153
12-3 Logical Operators Used for GPI/O Event Processing ................................................. 154
13-1 Automation modes and LED states ............................................................................. 170
xvii
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
xviii
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 1: Introduction
Welcome to the System 5, the most advanced digital mixing system available. It has
been designed to surpass previous designs to satisfy audio professionals who demand
the highest quality audio. The System 5 can handle a large number of digital and analog
sources for large projects and has a modular control surface that can be easily configured in many ways. The System 5 digital console is the perfect choice for serious audio
production facilities that need a powerful digital mixing system with an easy-to-use interface. The System 5 supports hundreds of inputs, and its busses and panning controls
support all current surround formats.
The number of processing cards in the DF64 Digital Core determine the total processing power that can be allocated to channels and busses in each System 5 configuration.
A Mixer Model is used to configure the system in the manner best suited for the demands of the session and preferences of the engineer (see Mixer Model on page 56 for
more details).
Each channel in System 5 shares identical processing features and can be used for
microphone, line, or digital inputs as well as audio subgroups and effects returns. The
engineer has complete freedom to decide how to route inputs to the console.
PatchNet, a software component of the eMix system, is the digital patchbay that routes
signals to and from all Console I/O and all studio devices. All PatchNet settings are
saved within Titles and can be quickly recalled.
19
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
1.1
Introduction
How to Use This Manual
Euphonix has dedicated substantial time and resources to the System 5 documentation.
We recognize the diverse range of experience among our customers and have written
and organized the manual to be accessible to everyone. Of course it is more fun to use
System 5 than read about it but we assure you that your time reading this manual will
be well spent.
Manual Structure
We recommend that everyone read this introduction in its entirety. The manual contains
the following chapters:
•
Chapter 2: New Features in eMix Version 2.6: Discusses System 5’s new features in eMix version 2.6.
•
Chapter 3: Quickstart to Common Tasks: Provides the fastest way to begin using System 5’s basic features.
•
Chapter 4: eMix Application: Discusses PatchNet, bus configuration, externals,
system configuration, folddown, and diagnostics.
•
Chapter 5: CM401 Master Section: Discusses System 5’s master section including monitoring, communications, solo, and meters.
•
Chapter 6: CM402 Center Section: Discusses the channel select, knobset select,
and bus routing panels.
•
Chapter 7: Busses and Bus Masters: Discusses the bus masters.
•
Chapter 8: Channels and Strips: Discusses the physical area of the console used
to control channels and the channel processing functions.
•
Chapter 9: Control Groups and Multi Format Masters: Discusses how to use
Control Groups and Multi Format Masters.
•
Chapter 10: Layouts and Snapshots: Discusses how to store/recall channel-tostrip mappings (layouts) to the console and how to store/recall channel functions (snapshots).
•
Chapter 11: Machine Control: Discusses the transport and locator controls and
track arming.
•
Chapter 12: GPI/O Event System: Discusses how to use the event system to
program System 5.
•
Chapter 13: Dynamic Automation: Discusses automation record/playback, editing, and performance utilities.
•
Chapter 14: CM403 Film/Post Module: Discusses the CM403 Film Module.
20
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Introduction
How to Use the PDF
The Acrobat PDF version of this manual provided in your system can be a valuable “online help” learning tool while using System 5. We have included some amenities that
we wish to explain for those not familiar with Acrobat:
•
The Bookmarks on the left serve as a continuously visible table of contents
while reading. Click on a subject heading to jump to that page. Click a + symbol to expand that heading to show subheadings. Click the - symbol to collapse
the subheadings.
•
The manual’s table of contents and list of figures are “active links” to their pages.
Select the “hand” cursor, allow it to hover over the heading and turn into a “finger.” Then click to locate to that subject and page.
•
All cross references are active links. Allow the “hand” cursor to hover over the
reference, turn into a “finger,” and click to follow the reference.
•
Use the left and right arrow keys on the top bar to go back and forth between
views. This is a great way to follow a cross reference and return to the page
from which you were reading.
•
Select the Find item from the Edit menu (Ctrl-F) to search for a subject. This
can be used as an “index on the fly.”
•
Use the magnifying glass tool or the zoom edit box on the top bar to zoom in/
out. This is helpful when examining a complex graphic or setting the text size
for easy reading online.
Acrobat Reader version 4 or later is required to open the PDF. This can be downloaded
for free at http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html.
21
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
1.2
Introduction
System 5 Hardware
System 5 Hardware Component s v2.6
Audio Interfaces
Core
ML530
TT007 Machine Control
MIDI I/F
Analog Mic/Line
Speakers
AM713
TCC1-4
Talk & Listen
Mics
Analog
Parallel
MC524
TCC5-8
Monitor Interface
Serial
MA703
SC253i
Interface Pilot
AM713
TB mic pre out
for slate.
MADI to Analog
Analog
A
B
C
Digital
Frame 1
FW
SC253d
Digital Pilot
D
A
MA703
A
B
Analog
C
D
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
AM713
MA703
Analog
Analog
MA703
A
Digital
Frame 2
FW
SC253d
Digital Pilot
Analog
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
A
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
AM713
Analog
MA703
Analog
DM714
MD704
AES/EBU
A
Digital
Frame 3
FW
B
C
D
D
A
AES/EBU
A
B
C
MD704
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
AES/EBU
DM714
SC253d
Digital Pilot
AES/EBU
MD704
AES/EBU
A
B
Digital
Frame 4
FW
C
D
A
A
B
DM714
C
D
B
C
D
D
MD704
AES/EBU
A
B
C
AES/EBU
SC253d
Digital Pilot
DM714
AES/EBU
12x56 chan MADI Outputs
(to device inputs)
12x56 chan MADI Inputs
(from device outputs)
EH224 EuCon Switch
SC261
Studio Computer
KVM
sync ctrl
in
SH612
sync ctrl
in
Digital Sync from Master DA
SH612
EuCon Network
Control
Sync
KVM
MADI
Analog
eMix
See System 5 Technical Manual
for component connector and
cabling details
Control Surface
Figure 1-1 System 5 hardware diagram
22
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
1.2.1
Introduction
Overview of System Components
•
Control Surface: Connects to the processing core via ethernet and the EuCon
Hub. Audio does not pass through the control surface.
•
System Computer (SC261): Runs the eMix software application; all file management and system setup is done from this computer.
See Chapter 4: eMix Application.
•
Interface Pilot Computer (PC253i): Supervises control functions for the
analog monitor controller, remote microphone preamps and transport control.
•
Digital Processing Core (DF64): The DF64 is the digital audio processing
core for System 5. Digital audio is routed to and from the DF64 via MADI.
•
Digital Pilot Computer (PC253d): Controls a DF64 digital processing core.
There is a Digital Pilot Computer for each DF64 (maximum of four).
•
Studio Hub (SH612): One or two of these MADI routers are used to route
digital audio to and from the DF64 Digital Cores and the system I/O.
•
System I/O: Digital and analog I/O units connect all of the devices in the studio
to the Studio Hub via MADI. See Console I/O on page 46.
23
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
1.3
Introduction
System 5 Startup Sequence
With all system components turned off:
1.
Turn on the SC261 System Computer, the SH612 Studio Hub(s), all I/O units,
the MIDI Interface, the TT007 and the GP132.
2.
At the Windows Login Screen press Ctrl + Alt + Delete and click OK or press
Enter.
There is no Administrator password.
3.
The System Computer will finish booting to the Windows desktop.
With the system computer booted and the SH612 Studio Hub(s), all I/O units, the MIDI
Interface, the TT007, and the GP132 turned on:
1.
Double-click the eMix icon on the desktop.
2.
Turn on all of the Surface Modules, the PC253i Interface Pilot, all PC253d digital Pilots and the DF64s.
3.
If the modules on the system have previously been saved as default, eMix will
continue to boot when all modules reach 100%.
4.
If modules appear as Unexpected, the user can select all of the modules by
holding down the Ctrl key and clicking each of them. When all modules are
selected, click Save selected as default, and confirm the selection by clicking
OK.
5.
Click Continue to finish booting eMix.
24
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 2: New Features in eMix Version 2.6
This section lists new and updated features in the eMix version 2.6 software. Cross-references link to that feature’s discussion in the manual.
Conform
•
Insert, Move and Delete operations have been changed so they operate properly on a mix containing virgin territory (no previous automation).
•
It is now possible to Copy automation moves to a new location.
•
Entries can now be edited after they are entered in any field in the list.
•
All standard SMPTE frame rates (35 mm Feet+Frames and 16 mm HalfFeet+Frames) can now be entered.
•
The entries in the list are now processed in the order entered, not in the order
of their timecode.
•
New Hot keys have been added to speed data entry and navigation.
(See Automation Conform on page 196).
Auto Match
Auto Match is a new automation function.
(See Auto Match on page 191).
Fill Start and Fill End
Fill Start and Fill End now latch on if pressed twice.
(See Section 13.8.2 - Fill Start and Fill End on page 186.)
EQ
•
All four EQ bands now have a range of 20 Hz – 20 kHz. The default values did
not change. Older titles still load with their previous frequency values unchanged. The frequency control range is covered by approximately 2 full knob
rotations to maintain the current resolution.
•
EQ gain control is now ±24 dB. The resolution remains 1/8 dB increments.
(See Equalizers and Filters on page 117.)
25
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
New Features in eMix Version 2.6
Notch Filter
Several improvements have been made to the notch filter.
See Filters on page 119.
Extended Delay Time
The delay time has been extended to 2160 samples.
At 48 kHz:
•
45 ms
•
NTSC 30 fps = 1.4 frames
•
PAL 25 fps =1.1 frames
At 96 kHz:
•
22.5 ms
•
NTSC 30 fps = 0.7 frames
•
PAL 25 fps =0.6 frames
Channel Path Order
The channel path order selection now includes:
•
•
•
•
Fader and Mute
Delay
Fader Meter Source
TFT Meter Source
These changes allow post insert point delay, post fader dynamics, pre-fader metering,
and post-fader TFT metering. See page 107 for more information of channel order.
TFT Display Additions
•
The CM402 expanded channel now has a clear display of the currently selected
channel. The display is the same size/style as the Main Panel names that appear
in the lower-right of the CM401 display.
•
The CM402 expanded channel now has a clear display of the parameter value
of the function being adjusted. This value appears next to the CM402 Channel
Name described above.
•
The parameter name is now displayed next to screen values during adjustment.
•
The parameter value display now shows the function name (i.e., FUNC xxxx).
26
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
New Features in eMix Version 2.6
Surface Changes
•
Mark In/Mark Out keys have been added to the Transport controls.
See Mark In/Mark Out on page 145.
•
Group bus routing can be assigned in pairs from the switch in the center of the
knob.
•
The label display no longer switches from the fader name to values when
touched. The fader name is permanently displayed.
•
Timecode entry for all standard SMPTE frames rates and 35/16 mm Feet and
Frames.
•
Dimming of Knobs and Switches when audio functions are out of circuit.
Transport Return Functionality
Activating the Return key cycles between the Mark In/Mark Out times.
See Return Key on page 146.
Option to Lock Out Control Room and Bus Master Functions
The two buttons below Mix Master on the CM401 are now Bus and Monitor Lock.
See Bus Lock on page 91.
27
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
28
New Features in eMix Version 2.6
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 3: Quickstart to Common Tasks
3.1
Connect and Play a CD
eMix Setup
1.
Select Drives at the bottom of the eMix screen and choose a drive.
2.
Click Projects->New, and name the new Project.
3.
Click Titles->New, and name the new Title.
4.
Click Save the current title and mix data into the new title to use the current
Title’s settings for the new Title (like Save As); click Reset Console with
Default Title settings to use default Title settings.
Figure 3-1 New Title dialog
Assign Channels to Console
1.
Select Channels from the main panel viewer in the console master section.
2.
Select Auto then Channel 1.
3.
Press Chan Sel keys for two neighboring console Strips.
This assigns Channels 1 and 2 to Strips n and n+1, respectively.
Patch the CD Player
1.
Select PatchNet from bottom of the eMix screen and select Console I/O.
2.
Select A and B Inputs.
3.
Select the blue selection box for the A Input of channels 1 and 2.
The patch points show up in Selected - Destinations.
29
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.
Quickstart to Common Tasks
Connect the CD’s digital output (AES or SDIF) to channels 1 and 2 on the
DM714.
The DM714 should already be connected to SH612 1-1.
5.
Select Device Outputs, then select Hub 1-1 from the left of the screen.
6.
Under Device Outputs - Hub1-1, click in the Name column for channel 1 and
name the device CD Player Left; click in the Name column for channel 2 and
name it CD Player Right.
7.
Click the green selection fields to add the patch points to Selected - Sources.
8.
Click the Patch button.
9.
Select Console I/O, click in the Name column for channels 1 and 2 and name
them CDL and CDR, respectively.
10. Press the Main Panel key and select Channels.
11. Press the Setup key and then press Show Input Names.
This displays the input names on the TFT display above the channel.
Figure 3-2 Device Outputs page in PatchNet
30
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Quickstart to Common Tasks
Route to the Mix Bus
3.2
1.
Press the Channel On switches for each CD channel.
2.
Select the Mix button on channels 1 and 2.
3.
Select the In key of the B Mix Bus; B defaults to 2-channel stereo.
4.
In the Master Section, press the CR Source key to display the Mix busses in
the Panel Viewer. Select the B Source.
5.
Move the channel 1 and 2 faders up.
6.
Press both channel’s Pan buttons and set to L and R, respectively.
7.
In the Master Section, press the CR Output key to display the output formats
in the Panel Viewer and select Stereo.
8.
Turn off the Cut button and use the Main Monitor knob in the Master Section
to adjust the control room monitor level.
Connect and Monitor a Microphone
Configure PatchNet
1.
From the left side of PatchNet, select the Cabling tab.
2.
Select MADI In Ports and select Hub 1-8 (any Hub can be selected).
3.
Select MADI Out Ports and click in the MADI Out column next to Mic 1.
This tells the SH612 which AM713 is connected to the ML530.
4.
Click Patch.
Figure 3-3 Cabling
31
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Quickstart to Common Tasks
Assign Channel to Console
1.
Select Channels from the Main Panel Viewer.
2.
Select Auto then Channel 3.
3.
Press the Chan Sel key on a Strip.
4.
Press the Inpt button on the strip, then turn the Inpt knob clockwise until the
B input is selected.
5.
Press the X button to display the B input page on the knobset.
Back to PatchNet
1.
In PatchNet, select Console I/O.
2.
Select the B Input of Channel 3.
3.
Select Device Outputs.
4.
Select Mic-Line 1, Ch 1, and name the channel.
5.
Click Patch.
The knobs on Channel 3 now display HiZ, 48V, HPF, Gain.
Figure 3-4 Microphone assignment in Device Outputs
32
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Quickstart to Common Tasks
Route to the Mix Bus
1.
Plug a microphone into Channel 1 of the ML530.
2.
To listen to the mic return, press the Mix button on channel 3 and select the In
key of the B Mix bus.
3.
In the Master Section, press the CR Source key to display the Mix Busses in
the Panel Viewer and select the B Source.
4.
Move channel 3’s fader up and set Pan to center.
5.
In the Master Section, press the CR Output key to display the output formats
in the Panel Viewer and select Stereo.
6.
Turn off the Cut button and use the Main Monitor knob in the Master Section
to adjust the control room monitor level.
33
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
34
Quickstart to Common Tasks
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Chapter 4: eMix Application
The eMix application has tabs along the bottom of the window to select between the
following subjects:
•
Directory: file management
•
Patchnet: digital patchbay
•
Busses: formatting of group and mix busses
•
System: system setup
•
Folddown: folddown formats
•
Masters: format master channels (see Chapter 9: Control Groups and Multi
Format Masters) and externals
•
Conform: interface to enter conform information for automation system (see
Automation Conform on page 196)
•
Events: GPI/O event configuration (see Chapter 12: GPI/O Event System)
•
Diagnostics: Summary of system status
Each tab is discussed in the following sections.
4.1
Directory
The Directory tab contains its own tabs right above the main eMix tabs: Drives,
Projects, Titles, and Mixes. The order of these tabs also represents their hierarchy (i.e.,
a Title is within a Project located on a Drive). Operations in the Directory are almost
identical to those in Windows.
4.1.1
Projects
Browse Existing Project
1.
Click the Drives tab to see a list of available Drives.
2.
Single-click to select the desired Drive and click the Projects tab button or
double-click the Drive.
The Projects Window opens with a list of Projects on that Drive.
3.
Select a Project and click the Titles tab or double-click the Project.
The Titles Window opens with a list of Titles in that Project.
35
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.
eMix Application
Select a Title and click the Open button or double-click the Title.
Clicking Open opens the Title with the last mix used. Double-clicking the title
opens the Mixes Window with a list of Mixes in that Project.
Open or Create a Project
1.
Click the Drives tab to see a list of available Drives.
2.
Select the desired Drive and click the Projects tab or double-click the Drive.
The Projects Window appears with a list of Projects on that Drive.
3.
To create a new Project, click the New button along the right side of the
Projects window.
Name the new Project in the dialog that appears.
OR
Double-click an existing Project or select an existing Project and click the Titles
tab. The Titles Window appears.
Figure 4-1 Projects Window
36
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Rename, Copy, Paste, or Delete Project
These buttons are arranged vertically along the right side of the Projects Window.
Copying a Project and pasting it to another Drive is the easiest way to backup a Project.
Select a Project from the Projects Window.
•
Click the Copy button to copy the selected Project.
The Paste button remains dim until the Copy button is used.
•
Click the Paste button to paste the copied Project. Of course, you can navigate
the Directory to another Drive before pasting.
If the selected Project’s name is Test, the copied Project is Copy of Test.
•
Click the Rename button to rename the selected Project in the dialog that appears.
•
Click the Delete button to delete the selected Project.
The Project is deleted and does not get copied to the Copy buffer.
4.1.2
Titles
A Project must exist before selecting, opening, or creating a new Title. The Rename,
Copy, Paste, and Delete buttons work the same on Titles as described above for
Projects.
Figure 4-2 Titles Window
37
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Create New Title
1.
Click the Drives tab to see a list of available Drives.
2.
Select the desired Drive and click the Projects tab or double-click the Drive.
The Projects Window appears with a list of Projects on that Drive.
3.
Select a Project and click the Titles tab or double-click the Project.
The Titles Window appears with all Titles in that Project.
4.
Click the New button along the right side of the Titles window.
The New Title dialog appears.
Figure 4-3 New Title dialog
5.
Name the new Title and select one of the Creation Options radio buttons:
•
Save the current title and mix data into the new title: Uses the current state
of the console for new Title. If a mix is open, that mix is saved in the new title.
•
Reset Console with Default Title settings: Uses settings for Default Title to
reset console. See page 42 to see how to change the default settings. There is
no mix in the new title; one must be explicitly created.
NOTE: A Title appears as a folder but is actually a single file with multiple Mixes.
38
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Open Existing Title
1.
Click the Drives tab to see a list of available Drives.
2.
Select the desired Drive and click the Projects tab or double-click the Drive.
The Projects Window appears with a list of Projects on that Drive.
3.
Select a Project and click the Titles tab or double-click the Project.
The Titles Window appears with all Titles in that Project.
4.
To open a Mix other than the last one used, double-click the Title or click the
Mixes tab. The Mixes Window displays existing Mixes. See page 40 to see
how to open a Mix.
To open the Title with the last Mix used, just select the Title and click Open.
4.1.3
Mixes
A Project and Title must exist before selecting, opening, or creating a new Mix. The
Rename, Copy, Paste, and Delete buttons work the same on Mixes as described on
page 37 for Projects.
Create New Mix
1.
Click the Drives tab to see a list of available Drives.
2.
Select the desired Drive and then click the Projects tab to see a list of Projects
on that Drive.
3.
Select a Project and click the Titles tab to see the Titles within that Project.
4.
Select the desired Title and click the Open button along the right side of the
Titles window.
5.
Click the New Mix button at the top of the eMix window.
6.
Name the Mix in the New Mixes dialog.
39
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Figure 4-4 Mixes Window
Open Existing Mix
1.
Click the Drives tab to see a list of available Drives.
2.
Select the desired Drive and click the Projects tab or double-click the Drive.
The Projects Window appears with a list of Projects on that Drive.
3.
Select a Project and click the Titles tab or double-click the Project.
The Titles Window appears with all Titles in that Project.
4.
To open the Title with the last Mix used, select the Title and click the Open
button on the right side of the Titles Window.
5.
To open a Mix other than the last used, double-click the Title or click the
Mixes tab.
The Mixes Window appears with existing Mixes.
6.
Select the desired Mix and click the Open button.
40
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
NOTE: You cannot open a Mix by double-clicking it.
Change Mix Within Same Title
4.1.4
1.
Navigate to the Mixes window.
2.
Click Save Mix or Save All (see Section 4.1.4 for explanation of difference) at
the top of the window.
3.
Click New Mix at the top of the window or select the desired existing Mix and
click the Open button.
Operations on Current Title and Mix
Figure 4-5 File operations buttons for current Title
The four buttons at the top of each Directory Window provide an easy way to operate on
the currently open Title and/or Mix from any window. They are dim if a Title is not open.
Close All and Save All close and save, respectively, both the Title and Mix.
Save Mix saves only the automation data without saving the Title’s other data (same as
the automation panel’s Save Mix key).
New Mix creates a new Mix and prompts to save the current open mix.
Select Current
Click the Select Current button to instantly navigate back to the currently open Mix in
the Mixes Window. This is a convenient way to browse the Directory without losing
your place.
Edit Notes
Click the Edit Notes button to enter information about the Title or Mix.
41
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.1.5
eMix Application
Title Defaults
This section describes how to set up basic PatchNet settings when a new Mixer Model
is selected. This process includes naming the device inputs and outputs and connecting
group bus outputs to multitrack inputs. The setup process is equivalent to setting and
labeling the normalled connections on a conventional patch.
NOTE: To clarify the use of the terms Inputs and Outputs in PatchNet, Device pertains to equipment other than the System 5 console. Therefore, Device Inputs
refers to inputs to an external device, not the console.
These settings are stored to the Title Defaults and are automatically included with each
new Title. Each Mixer Model has a Title Defaults file. A new Title inherits these basic
settings from the Title Defaults:
•
PatchNet settings and names
•
Bus Setup: names and formats
•
Externals Setup: names and formats
•
SnapShots
•
Layouts
•
Meter setups
NOTE: While the Title Defaults is a file on the System Computer for each Mixer Model,
it does not appear in the Directory.
Setting the Title Defaults
The Title Defaults can be set by clicking the Set Title Defaults button on the Titles
page in PatchNet. This copies all settings listed above from the currently open Title into
the Title Defaults for the current Mixer Model. The warning in Figure 4-6 appears to
confirm this action.
Figure 4-6 Updating Title Defaults warning
42
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Normalled Connections
The inputs and outputs that require normalled connections should be designated in
PatchNet and saved to the Title Defaults.
In this example, the console group bus outputs 1–24 should be patched to both the R-1
and DAW inputs. Figure 4-7 shows the R-1 inputs patched from the Group Bus outputs.
If a Source is normalled to multiple destinations, <MULT> appears in the cell next to
the source.
Figure 4-7 Device Inputs normalled
43
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Layouts
Typical useful layouts are
•
Strips 1–24
Main: Channels 1–24; Swap Channels 25–48
•
Strips 25–48
Main: Channels 1–48; Swap Channels 49–96
Meter Presets
The following are useful meter presets:
•
All meters single; follow fader
•
All meters single; Group Bus Outputs
•
All meters single; Mix Bus Outputs
•
All meters single; Aux Sends
•
1–24 Dual: Fader + Group Bus 1–24
44
eMix Application
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.2
eMix Application
PatchNet
PatchNet is a digital patching system that uses a MADI routing hub to connect sources
to destinations.
System
Computer
Speakers
Talk & Listen
Mics
ML530
MC524
Analog Mic/Line
Monitor Interface
AM713
Analog
MA703
SH612
MADI to Analog
Studio Hub
A
B
C
AM713
Analog
DSP
Core
D
A
B
MA703
Analog
C
D
DM714
MD704
Digital
Digital
FC727
FC727
Digital
Digital
Figure 4-8 Simplified MADI routing diagram
The following Euphonix devices provide a robust and complete I/O interface:
•
The DM714 (AES/EBU-to-MADI) and MD704 (MADI-to-AES/EBU) converters
provide 26 channel inputs and outputs.
•
The AM713 (analog-to-MADI) and MA703 (MADI-to-analog) converters
provide 24 fixed-gain channel inputs and outputs.
•
The ML530 provides 24 remote, variable gain, analog, mic/line preamps that
can be controlled from the Strip.
•
The FC727 and FC726 provide 56 channels of digital format conversion.
Some equipment, such as the Euphonix R-1, the Sony 3348HR recorder, and some high
end consoles, offer a MADI interface. Most equipment, however, (i.e., mics, speakers,
DAWs that support AES/EBU and vintage gear) must convert to and from MADI using
the appropriate Euphonix converter.
PatchNet allows connections between the console and external devices in exactly the
same way as a conventional analog patchbay. The crucial difference is that once a patch
is made it can be saved and recalled with the Title.
NOTE: To clarify the use of the terms Inputs and Outputs in PatchNet, Device pertains to equipment other than the System 5 console. Therefore, Device Inputs
refers to inputs to an external device, not the console.
45
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
When entering an analog studio, the patchbay is wired to all the equipment supplied
with the room. The multitrack is normalled to the console line inputs, the mics to the
console mic inputs, and the outboard gear is ready to be patched into channels.
System 5 must be initially set up so all studio equipment comes up on the PatchNet
screen and is correctly labelled and normalled ready for a session. This basic wiring information is stored in the Title Default so these settings can be used when starting a new
session with a new Title. To set up System 5 studio wiring and set the Title Default, see
Title Defaults on page 42.
Enter PatchNet by clicking the PatchNet tab at the bottom of the eMix screen. PatchNet
has four categories: Console I/O, Device Inputs, Device Outputs, and Cabling.
4.2.1
Console I/O
Click Console I/O on the upper-left of the PatchNet window, then click A and B Inputs
from the sub-categories below it (Figure 4-9). Click in the Name field and type a name
for a channel. This is where connections to the channel’s A and B inputs are made.
Figure 4-9 Console I/O A and B inputs Window
46
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Figure 4-10 shows the lower part of the Console I/O window. The Selected: area shows
the sources and destinations for the A Input and B Input cells selected above. The
numbered tabs (1–48 etc.) display additional pages of patchpoints. The four buttons on
the right of Figure 4-10 perform the following functions:
•
Patch:
Patches selected patchpoints
•
Unpatch: Unpatches selected patchpoints
•
Clear:
•
View Log: Shows a log of failed patches
Deselects selected patchpoints
Figure 4-10 Bottom of Console I/O window
4.2.2
Device Inputs and Outputs
There are up to 12 MADI device input/output ports on the console, each carrying up to
56 channels (44.1/48 kHz) or 28 channels (96 kHz).
NOTE: To clarify the use of the terms Inputs and Outputs in PatchNet, Device pertains to equipment other than the System 5 console. Therefore, Device Inputs
refers to inputs to an external device, not the console.
4.2.3
Cabling
This category handles MADI cable connections for the ML530s.
Mic/Line Interface Patching
For mic inputs and analog inputs not at +4 dB, the Euphonix ML530 provides 24
preamps each with gain, phantom power, high-pass filter, and hiZ/loZ switching. The
analog outputs are connected to an AM713 Analog to MADI converter which then connects to one of the MADI inputs.
47
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
For each ML530, PatchNet needs to know which MADI input the AM713 is connected
to so the mic preamp parameters appear on the corresponding input channel knobset.
For each Mic/Line Interface, note how it is connected. In the example that follows, the
MADI output from the Analog to MADI converters of two ML530 Mic/Line interfaces
have been connected to the inputs of Hub1-1 and Hub1-2.
1.
Select Cabling in PatchNet.
2.
Select the MADI Out Ports sub-category.
The list shows 7 Mic/Line Interfaces but only configure those wired to the Hub
(i.e., Mic1 and Mic2).
3.
Click and drag through the cells to the right of Mic1 and Mic2.
The cells highlight green and the names appear in the Sources column of the
Selected: window below.
4.
Select the MADI In Ports sub-category.
5.
Click and drag through the cells to the right of the two Hub1 inputs (Hub1-1
and Hub1-2).
The cells highlight green and the names appear in the Destinations column of
the Selected: window below.
6.
Click the Patch button to make the patch.
PatchNet now knows how the two mic/line interfaces are connected so the proper input
parameters appear at the top of the channels they are connected to.
Because Hub1-1 and Hub1-2 have been designated as MADI connections to the Mic/Line
interfaces, clicking on the Hub1-1 and Hub1-2 sub-categories in Device Outputs show
Device Patch in the first 24 cells and will not allow selection unless they are unpatched.
4.2.4
Patching Examples
Patch 12 mics into channels 25–36
Select the Sources
1. Click on Device Outputs from the four PatchNet categories.
2.
Click on Mic-Line 1 from the sub-categories.
This displays all inputs in the center of the window from the first Mic-Line Interface. In The Mic-Line Interface is connected as part of the initial studio setup.
48
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Figure 4-11 Device Outputs window
3.
Select Mic1-1–Mic1-12 from the Mic-Line column by clicking and dragging
through the cells.
These entries are highlighted in green in Figure 4-11. These sources appear in
the Sources column of the Selected: window below. If there were more than
24 sources, additional tabs would appear to the right of the 1–24 tab.
Select the Destinations
There can be:
•
one source to one destination;
•
an equal number of sources to destinations;
•
one source to multiple destinations.
Multiple sources cannot be routed to one destination.
49
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
To set the destinations for the 12 mics:
4.
Select the Console I/O category and the A and B Inputs sub-category.
5.
Click and drag through the A Input column next to C25–C36 to select channels
25–36.
The entries are highlighted in green and the list of A input channels appear in
the Destinations column in the Selected: window below (Figure 4-12).
Figure 4-12 Selecting destination channels
6.
Click the Patch button to make the connection.
The sources and destinations appear in the A Input and Name columns, respectively (Figure 4-13). The sources and destinations are cleared from the
Selected: area.
50
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Figure 4-13 Mics Patched to Channels
Patch the multitrack returns into channels 1–24
1. Click on the Device Outputs category.
2.
Click on the Hub1-3 sub-category.
3.
Click and drag through the first 24 cells in the Hub1-3 column.
These cells are highlighted and their names appear in the Sources column in
the Selected: window below.
4.
Select the Console I/O category.
5.
Select the A and B Inputs sub-category.
6.
Click and drag through the first 24 cells in the A Input column.
These cells are highlighted and their names appear in the Destinations column
in the Selected: window below.
7.
Click the Patch button to make the connection.
The sources and destinations appear in the A Input and Name columns, respectively. The sources and destinations are cleared from the Selected: area.
After connecting the 12 mics and the R-1 returns, the Console I/O A and B Inputs
Window is shown in Figure 4-14.
51
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Figure 4-14 R-1 and mics patched
4.2.5
Mix Bus Send/Return
Click the Console I/O category and then click the Mix Busses sub-category. Each mix
bus has a send and return. In Figure 4-15, the first six sends (a 5.1-channel mix section)
are routed to channels 41–46 A inputs. The insert is switched in/out from the Bus
Masters Config Page (see Bus Master Inserts on page 94).
Figure 4-15 Mix Bus Send and Return
For every Mix Section, there is a corresponding return in the same format, which allows
patching the Mix Section recorder output back into the console. The Mix Section Return
can be routed to the monitors from the Mix Section page in the CR Source Panel (see
Control Room Monitor Controls on page 66).
52
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.2.6
eMix Application
Monitor Patching
The monitor outputs are automatically routed to the analog patch unit supplied with
System 5 and are ready to be normalled to the speaker inputs. The monitor feeds are
also available within PatchNet for routing to other destinations, if necessary.
Click on the Console I/O category and the Monitor Busses sub-category. This window
shows all 22 monitor feeds:
Monitor
Busses
Format
1–8
Control Room
L, C, R, Sl, Sr, Bm, X, Y
9–16
Mon A
L, C, R, Sl, Sr, Bm, X, Y
17–18
Mon B
L, R
19–20
Mon C
L, R
21–22
Mon D
L, R
The Cascade inputs allow for direct bus injection prior to the insert point into all monitor signal paths.
4.2.7
Solo Bus and Utility Patching
The Solo Busses sub-category in Console I/O allows custom patching into the stereo
Solo Bus.
The Utility Sources sub-category includes the Oscillator output. The Utility Destinations sub-category includes the Slate In which must be patched to the Talkback mic
feed from the Monitor Interface.
4.2.8
Talkback Signal Patching
The talkback mics are wired to the MC524 Monitor Controller. They are amplified to
produce a single talkback signal. This analog signal must be fed into the system through
an Analog to MADI converter. See Figure 1-1 on page 22.
To send talkback to the busses, this signal must be patched to the Slate Input (in the
Utility Destinations subcategory of the Console I/O category). Note which analog-toMADI converter input the talkback signal has been patched to and connect that channel
to the Slate Input.
53
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.3
eMix Application
Busses
Click the Busses tab at the bottom of the eMix window to display the Busses window.
At the bottom left of the window, click either the Group or Mix buttons to configure
the Group or Mix busses, respectively (Figure 4-16 shows the Mix busses; Figure 4-17
shows Group busses). Group and Mix busses differ in two ways:
•
There are 16 Mix sections but only one set of Group busses.
•
Mix sections have associated recorder playback returns.
Figure 4-16 Mix Bus Window with law palette
Figure 4-17 Group Bus Window
54
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
The letters at the far left of Figure 4-16 denote the 16 mix sections. The letters “I” and
“L” have been omitted to avoid being confused with one another. Click the cell to the
right of the letter to name the section. The number of busses available is indicated by
the blue area in Figure 4-16 (i.e., there are 32 busses). The gray area represents busses
that are not available due to the present system configuration.
4.3.1
Law Palette
To set the pan law for a mix section:
1.
Click and drag across the busses you wish to configure.
2.
Right-click on any of the selected cells to display the Law Palette.
Figure 4-18 Law Palette
The possible formats are:
Symbol
Format
-
remove an existing law from a bus
mono
M
stereo
St L, St R
Dolby Surround
Db L, Db C, Db R, Db S
5.1
L, C, R, SL, SR, B
6.1
L, C, R, SL, SR, SC, B
7.1
L, C, R, LC, RC, SL, SR, SC, B
Table 4-1 Law Palette Formats
3.
Select the desired pan law by dragging across the Law Palette and releasing the
mouse when the cursor is within that Law.
Individual cells can also be assigned by right-clicking and selecting one entry
at a time from a pan format. Right-click on a format entry to cycle through the
channels to reassign the order.
55
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.4
eMix Application
Externals
Click the Masters tab at the bottom of the eMix window, At the bottom left of the window, click the Externals button to configure the Externals. Externals are configured in
the same way as Mix and Group busses.
4.5
System
System 5 can be customized for each studio and application. The number of channels,
busses, and external inputs available in any System 5 depends on the amount of processing in the DF64 Digital Core.
For a given number of processing cards, several different Mixer Models can be configured, each with different numbers of channels, mix and group busses, and aux sends.
Mixer Models are supplied on CD-ROM and selected from within eMix. A system can
be quickly and easily switched from stereo to surround sound, multiple-stem mixing by
selecting from the available Mixer Models installed on the system.
The number of the DF64 Digital Cores determines the amount of processing available to
the system: one, two, three, and four core systems are available. The system can be expanded at any time.
4.5.1
Mixer Model
Choosing a Mixer Model
The Mixers Models that support 96 kHz are intended for music applications requiring
the highest digital sound quality where sources are analog or 24-bit 96 kHz (i.e., R-1
multitrack recorder). For lower resolution sources, such as 16-bit 44.1 or 48 kHz from
digital recorders like the Sony 3348, the 44.1/48 kHz sample rate Mixer Models are
more suitable. For post-production and on-air broadcast, 48 kHz is a perfectly acceptable sample rate that will provide adequate audio quality with twice as many channels
as 96 kHz.
When choosing a Mixer Model, give careful consideration to the combinations of
channels, mix and group busses, aux sends required. For many applications (other than
multiple stem post mixing), the maximum number of mix busses used is six for a 5.1 Surround Mix Section. Take extra care in selecting the number of Aux sends you need in
your system: they always seem to be used up!
56
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Changing the Mixer Model
Figure 4-19 Mixer Models
1.
Click the System tab at the bottom of the eMix Window.
2.
From the list on the left of the System window, select the desired Mixer Model.
The name of the Mixer Model describes the sample rate, number of channels,
and bus architecture. The central part of the window displays the hardware configuration required to run the Mixer Model selected.
3.
If your system has the required hardware and this is the proper configuration,
click Activate Mixer Model.
4.
eMix will prompt you to restart the system. Click OK to restart eMix.
If the new mixer model has a different sample rate, see below. If not, power off the control surface, pilots, and digital frames and reboot.
57
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
eMix Application
Changing Sample Rate
To change the sample rate, you must first activate a Mixer Model with the desired sample rate as described in the previous section.
1.
Change the sample rate of the studio master digital sync generator.
This must be done before changing the Sync Source on the DF64 digital cores.
This makes it easier to tell when the controller cards are set to the correct Sync
Source option.
2.
Locate the controller card in each DF64. Each card has a section labeled Sync
Source with a recessed button allowing cycling through the sync options; a paper clip can be used to press the button.
3.
Select the required sync source and sample rate. The 1x modes are used for 44.1
and 48 kHz, and the 2x modes are for 96 kHz.
The order is:
AES 1x
Word 1x
Internal 44.1
Internal 48
AES 2x
Word 2x
Internal 96
4.
Power off the console, pilots, and digital cores and reboot.
58
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.6
eMix Application
Folddown
Click the Folddown tab at the bottom of any eMix window to display the Folddown
window (Figure 4-20). This window allows you to set rules by which one monitor output
format (Format In along the left) is played by a different format (Format Out on top).
For example, to play a 5.1-channel mix in LCRS, you could map the Boom channel to
all channels attenuated by 6 dB and the Sl and Sr to the S channel without attenuation.
To maintain all audio information present in the original format, each Format In
channel is usually mapped to some channel(s) in the Format Out. However, this is not
mandatory: One might choose to omit the Boom channel because the speakers in the
output format cannot handle bass below a certain frequency.
Click in any cell and type in the amount of attenuation (-17 tο 0 dB) that the Format Out
channel will undergo as it is routed to the Format In channel. Click and drag across
multiple cells to enter an amount for all selected cells. Right-click on selected cells to
display a menu with two options:
•
Clear: Clears values so no signal is routed.
•
Default: Sets cells to their factory default values. This occurs even in a stored
preset.
There are 24 presets available to store and recall different Folddown settings. The Recall
Preset and Store Preset buttons are on the top-right of the window.
Figure 4-20 Folddown window
59
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.7
eMix Application
Diagnostics
When a system error occurs and the user is not in the Diagnostics page, the Euphonix
logo and top-screen border flashes, alerting the user to inspect the Diagnostics page.
Display the Diagnostics page by clicking the Euphonix logo at the bottom-left corner
of the main Emix screen.
Press the reset button on the module, DSP card, or PC that shows the error. A dialog
box appears requesting that you resynchronize the system. Click Yes and the system
should function normally again.
Ctrl+Alt+F12 disables the diagnostics system warning.
Figure 4-21 Diagnostics Window
60
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.8
eMix Application
Masters
See Chapter 7: Busses and Bus Masters.
4.9
Conform
See Automation Conform on page 196.
4.10
Events
See Chapter 12: GPI/O Event System.
4.11
System 5 Logo
Clicking on the System 5 Logo in the lower right corner of the eMix screen will display
software version information and shutdown options.
61
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
62
eMix Application
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 5: CM401 Master Section
The CM401 Master Module (Figure 5-1) controls Monitors, Communications, Solo,
and Meters. This chapter discusses each subject is in detail.
HiF
VTR 1
1
Mon D
Source
HiG
2
CD
Mon C
Source
HmF
VTR 2
3
Mon B
Source
HmG
Mix 2
4
Mon A
Source
LmF
5
Solo
L4
L3
L2
L1
T2
T1
LmG
6
LR phase
Solo
Ctrl
Groups
Comms
Ctrl
Automation
LoF
SnapShots
Layouts
CR
Source
Main
Spkrs
Control Room
DIM
cfg
Copy
cfg
Paste
CUT
Comms Talk
Listen
Channels
Main
Panel
Alt1
Spkrs
8
Meters
Mix 1
7
LoG
Strips
CR
Output
L C R Sl Sr B X Y
085
Machines
Info
Alt2
Spkrs
CR
Insert
Slate / Osc
ON
*
Aux
Mstrs
Input
Grp
Mstrs
Dyn
Mix
Mstrs
EQ
filts
Bus
Lock
Aux
Mon
Lock
Ins in
Dyn in
EQ in
filtsin
Tbk Ltch
Tbk>MonD
Tbk>MonC
Tbk>MonB
Pan to:
Pan
G
R
P
Chan
Select
Tbk>MonA
M
I
X
route
Mix
On
Center
Strip
swap
All
Knobs
M S L
Pass
View
Isolate
C1
Route
12:24.03.10
Mark
In
00:16.12.04
EQ
solo
On
ALL
filts
min
bar
sec / ft
beat
fr / msec
tick
Mark
Out
locatetime
Read
-
+
Delete
Edit
Trim
+
Trim
Locate
Reg’s
Write
Abs
7
8
9
Cue
Store
Current
Store
Locate
Recall
Write
Trim
4
5
6
Glide
1
2
3
-
on
Aux
Mix
Master
Fader
Pan
All Funcs
0
12
6
6
0
12
6
18
12
24
18
Time
Display
Dyn
Input
on
0
Save
Mix
hr
C24
0
30
Preview
Suspend
Preview
Capture
Auto
Join
0
Punch
Preview
Punch
Capture
Join
Clear
24
36
30
42
Fill to
Punch
Fill
Region
36
42
48
60
72
48
54
60
72
84
Fill
Fill
Undo
Redo
Loc
Auto
Match
Enter
Trim
Shuttle
Reh
Jog
All
Match
Roll
Back
Figure 5-1 CM401 Master Module
63
Return
Auto
Punch
Rec
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.1
CM401 Master Section
Monitoring
The System 5 monitor system accommodates multiformat outputs up to 7.1 channels.
There are seven monitor outputs (Figure 5-2):
•
The Main Control Room and Mon A (7.1 max)
•
Alt 1 (5.1 max)
•
Alt 2, Mon B, C, and D route two busses (stereo)
Mon A, B, C, and D are used for SLS/Cue feeds.
Externals
Mix Stems
Stem
Aux Snd s
Main
8 Out (max 7.1)
Stem
Rtn
Al t 1
6 Out (Max 5.1)
CR
Monitors
8 Out (max 7.1)
Al t 2
Stereo
Mon A
8 Out (max 7.1)
Mon B
Stereo
Mon C
Stereo
Mon D
Stereo
Monitor Selector
Figure 5-2 Monitoring Matrix
Source selection for the monitor output can either intercancel (only one source to a
monitor output), or sum (multiple sources). The Control Room monitor outputs can be
folded down from their multichannel formats (see Folddown on page 59).
NOTE: Group bus outputs are normally monitored on the Strips but can be routed using external inputs and PatchNet if they require direct monitoring.
5.1.1
Monitor Source Selection
The sources for Mon A–D and Control Room outputs are selected using the Panel
Viewer. Press the Mon A–D or CR Source buttons to display available sources
(Figure 5-3 shows the Mon D Source Panel).
64
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
MonD Source : Ext
VTR 1
Mon D
Source
CD
Mon C
Source
VTR 2
Mon B
Source
Mix 2
Mon A
Source
Solo
L4
L3
L2
L1
T2
T1
Solo
Ctrl
Comms
Ctrl
LR phase
8 Track 1
Stereo 2
8 Track 2
DAT 1
Receive
DAT 2
VTR 1
DVD
VTR 2
CR
Output
CD
Satell
L C R Sl Sr B X Y
085
Stereo 1
Mix 1
Page
Main
Panel
CR
Source
Main
Spkrs
Ext
Info
Aux
Mix
FlwCR
Alt1
Spkrs
Control Room
DIM
Alt2
Spkrs
Mix
External Aux
Follow Sum
Sources Sends SectionsControl Sources
Room
Selection
CUT
CR
Insert
Comms Talk
Listen
Slate / Osc
Figure 5-3 Monitor Controls and MonD Source Panel
Use the keys on the bottom of the Panel to select the type of source: External (CD, VTR,
etc.), Aux Sends, or Mix Sections. The current source type key lights and available
sources within that type appear in the Panel. Press a key along the sides of the Panel to
select a source. The active source key lights and the name appears in the LCD display
for that monitor output.
65
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
Sum or Intercancel
The Σ key is inactive (not lit) by default, which means that selecting a new source
automatically cancels the previous one. When the Σ key is lit, multiple sources can be selected simultaneously. The Σ symbol appears to the left of the first source selected in the
LCD display in the monitor controls. After selecting multiple sources, pressing the Σ
key again (so it is not lit) does not deselect theses sources until a new source is explicitly
selected.
Follow Control Room Monitors
Activate the FlwCR key so the Mon A–D outputs follow the source selected for the
Control Room monitors.
5.1.2
Mix Section and Aux Send Format
Each Mix section also has a return that allows Bus/Tape monitoring. The returns can be
patched from the record machine’s outputs using PatchNet (see Mix Bus Send/Return
on page 52). It is not possible to select a Mix section and its return at the same time;
they intercancel even in Summing mode.
Aux Sends appear in the Panel as mono or stereo pairs.
5.1.3
Control Room Monitor Controls
Press the CR Output key above the CR Source LCD to display the Control Room Output Panel (Figure 5-4).
66
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
Press to display
Control Room
Output Panel
LR phase
Control Room Output
Dim - 10
CR
Output
LR Phase
L C R Sl Sr B X Y
Output
Level (dB)
085
CR Source
Mix 1
CR
Source
Output
Level Knob
Center Switch
turns CR Output
On/Off
L On
Main
Spkrs
C On
Alt1
Spkrs
Control R
oom
DIM
Dim Switch
drops the level by
the amount indicated
in CR Output Panel
CUT
R On
Alt2
Spkrs
CR
Insert
Cut Switch turns
CR Output On/Off
Sl On
Mono
Sr On
Stereo
Bm On
LCRS
X On
5.1
Y On
7.1
Main
Panel
Info
Figure 5-4 CR Output controls and Control Room Output Panel
Dim and Cut
The Dim level can be set in the Control Room Output Panel by pressing the Dim key
on the panel viewer and using the Spin Knob to adjust the level. This is the reduction
in level (dB) that occurs when the Dim switch is active.
The Control Room Monitors may be switched off/on by pressing the output level
knob’s center switch or the Cut switch.
Monitors A-D may be switched off/on by pressing the output level knob’s center
switch; they are off when their output level knob’s center LED is not lit.
67
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
Cut Individual CR Speakers
The Control Room speakers can be individually switched on and off. The L, C, R, Sl, Sr,
Bm, X and Y keys in the Control Room Output Panel are lit when on. In addition, the
LEDs above the CR Source LCD display light to show active speakers (see Figure 5-4).
Mon Lock
The Mon Lock key on the Bus Master Strip (Figure 7-1) disables the Control Room and
Monitor levels. Dim and Cut always remain active.
Phase Reversal for Left and Right CR Speakers
The phase of the left Control Room speaker (Main, Alt1, Alt2) can be reversed by selecting the LR Phase key in the Control Room Output Panel for that output. The LR
Phase key lights to indicate the left speaker’s phase is reversed with respect to the right.
The LR Phase LED to the left of the CR Output key also lights (see Figure 5-4).
CR Level
The Control Room speakers (Main, Alt1, Alt2) have a dedicated level knob and output
level LCD display (see Figure 5-4) The knob LEDs also indicate the current level.
CR Speakers
There are three speaker outputs within the Control Room Monitors: Main (7.1), Alt1
(5.1) and Alt2 (stereo). The three switches below CR Source select between the three
speakers; these switches are after the CR level, dim, and cut functions which affect all
three speaker sets.
CR Format Folddown
The Main CR outputs may be folded down from their original format to one with fewer
outputs using the keys on the right of the Control Room Output Panel (see Figure 5-4).
The eMix software allows you to set folddown options (see Folddown on page 59).
Control Room Insert
This feature allows insertion of a Surround Matrix, equalizer, or compressor across
the control room monitors. Activate the CR Insert switch at the bottom of the CR
Output controls.
5.1.4
SLS/Cue Monitor Outputs
Mon A–D are usually used for SLS and Cue feeds. Each has its own level control and
LCD display that shows the source and level when adjusted. The center knob switch
turns the monitor on/off. These controls are shown on the left of Figure 5-3.
68
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.2
CM401 Master Section
Communications
System 5’s communication system includes:
•
Two talkback microphone inputs (one mic included).
Each input has 111 dB gain, phantom power, and compressor. They can be
mounted anywhere but normally Tbk1 is mounted near the engineer and Tbk2
near the client. Talkback can be routed to Mon A–D, the Aux busses and the
Mix sections (via the Slate function). Tbk2 shares the same routing as Tbk1
when it is turned on. Talkback can be remotely triggered to Mon A–D.
•
Four listenback mic inputs.
Each input has phantom power and compressor. They can be routed to the
monitors and have individual level controls.
•
Oscillator with Slate facilities.
The oscillator has four fixed frequencies at 100 Hz, 440 Hz, 1 kHz, 10 kHz, and
a user-selectable frequency. The oscillator can also generate pink or white
noise. The oscillator can be routed to the Group, Aux, or Mix busses, or to all
busses simultaneously. The Slate function combines Tbk1 and Tbk2 with the
user definable tone to identify takes.
The Listenback mics are routed directly within the Monitor Interface (MC524) so they
do not appear in PatchNet.
Access the communications facilities by pressing the Comms Ctrl key in the Solo Ctrl
section to display the Comms:Talkback Panel (left of Figure 5-5). The bottom of the Panel has Talk, Lsn, and OscSlt keys to display Talkback (shown), Listenback (page 71),
and Oscillator/Slate Panels (page 72), respectively. The Comms:Talkback Panel has an
Aux key at bottom-right to set the talkback settings for the Aux busses. When displaying the Comms:Talkback:Aux Panel (right of Figure 5-5), this key changes to Mons,
which switches back to the panel shown in the left of Figure 5-5.
69
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.2.1
CM401 Master Section
Talkback
Comms : Talkback : Aux
Comms : Talkback
Talkback to
Mon A, B,
C, or D
Talkback to
Mon A, B,
C, and D
Tbk>MonD
Tbk1 -5.00
Tbk>MonC
Tbk2 -10.0
Tbk>MonB
Tbk2 On
Tbk2 On/Off
Tbk>MonA
Tbk Ltch
Tbk Latch
Off = Tbk>Monkeys
are momentary.
On = Tbk>Monkeys
latchand stayon
Tbk1 and
Tbk2 levels
Tbk>Mons
Aux
Main
Panel
Talk
Info
Lsn
OscSlt
Displays Talkback : Aux Panel
to set talkback to Aux buses
13/14
15/16
10
11/12
7/8
9
3/4
5/6
2
1
Mons
Main
Panel
Displays Talkback, Listenback,
or Oscillator/Slate Panels
Talk
Info
Lsn
OscSlt
Figure 5-5 Comms:Talkback Panels
Monitors
Tbk1 and Tbk2 (if Tbk2 On is lit) can be routed to Mon A–D by pressing the
Tbk>MonX keys on the left of the Comms:Talkback Panel. These keys are momentary
unless Tbk Ltch is active, in which case they can be toggled on/off each time they are
pressed. More than one monitor can be active by pressing multiple keys and all can be
active by pressing the Tbk>Mons key.
Talkback is not routed to the Control Room speakers but the Main CR speaker and the
monitors receiving talkback are dimmed by the level set for the DIM key (see Dim and
Cut on page 67).
Set the Tbk1 level by activating the Tbk1 xx.x key and using the SpinKnob to adjust
the level. Use the same process for Tbk2. Tbk1 is always on but Tbk2 must be turned
on by activating the key below Tbk2 xx.x level.
70
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
Aux Busses
Press the Aux key at bottom right of the Comms:Talkback Panel to display the Aux
busses. The same rules apply to the Aux Busses as monitors. Select the Aux Busses
(single or pairs) to route the talkback signals. They latch or are momentary based on the
Tbk Ltch setting and their levels are set on the Mons page.
5.2.2
Listenback
Press the Lsn key at the bottom of the Comms:Talkback Panel to display the
Comms:Listenback Panel (Figure 5-6).
Comms: Listenback
Dims CR
when Listen
mic is on
DimCR
Listen mic
speaker
assignment
Listen mic
follows active
CR speaker
Listen mics
On/Off
All Listen mics
on when active
Lsn>Main
Lsn>MonD
Lsn>Alt1
Lsn>MonC
Lsn>Alt2
Lsn>MonB
Lsn>Flw
Lsn>MonA
4>Lsn
Lsn4 -14.2
3>Lsn
Lsn3 -14.2
2>Lsn
Lsn2 -9.00
1>Lsn
Lsn1 -9.31
Listen mic
level control
Listen mics
latch when active;
momentary when
inactive
Lsn Ltch
All>Lsn
Main
Panel
Talk
Listen mic
monitor
assignments
Info
Lsn
OscSlt
Figure 5-6 Comms:Listenback Panel
71
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
The listen mics can feed any combination of the CR Main, Alt1, Alt2, or Mon A–D
speakers by activating their keys on the top half of the Panel. Activate Lsn>Flw to route
the listen mics to the active CR Speaker.
Activate the DimCR key to dim the CR Speaker by the level set for the DIM key when
the listen mics are on (see Dim and Cut on page 67).
Turn the listen mics on/off by pressing the 1>Lsn..4>Lsn keys on the left of the Panel.
Turn all listen mics on/off by pressing the All>Lsn key. The on/off keys are momentary
unless Lsn Ltch is active.
Set the listen mic levels by pressing one of the Lsn4..Lsn1 xx.x keys on the right of the
Panel and using the SpinKnob to set the level.
5.2.3
Oscillator/Slate
Oscillator
Press the OscSlt key at the bottom of the Comms:Talkback Panel to display the
Comms:Slate/Osc Panel (Figure 5-7).
Turn the oscillator on by activating the Osc>On key. Select the oscillator type by pressing the Osc>Sine, Osc>White, or Osc>Pink keys on the top-right of the Panel. These
keys intercancel so only one type can be selected at a time.
Select the oscillator frequency by pressing the Osc>100Hz, Osc>440Hz, Osc>1kHz,
or Osc>10kHz keys on the left of the Panel. In addition, there is a user-selectable frequency key below the Osc>10kHz key. Activate this key and use the SpinKnob to set
the frequency (20 Hz to 21 kHz). All of the frequency keys intercancel.
Set the oscillator level by activating the Osc>xx.x key (above Osc>Grp) and using the
SpinKnob (111 dB of gain).
Slate
Set the Slate frequency by activating the Slt>xx.xH key and using the SpinKnob.
Set the Slate level by activating the Slt>xx.x key and using the SpinKnob (111 dB of
gain).
Activate the Slt>Grp and Slt>Mix keys to route the Slate to Group and/or Mix Busses,
respectively. Activate the Slt>ALL key to route the Slate to Group and Mix Busses.
72
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
Comms: Slate/Osc
Turns oscillator
on/off
Osc>Sine
Osc>On
Oscillator
frequencies
Osc>100Hz
Osc>White
Osc>440Hz
Osc>Pink
Oscillator
wave types
Osc>1kHz
Osc>10kHz
User-settable
Oscillator
frequency
Oscillator
level
Route the
oscillator
to Group,
Mix, and/or
Aux Buses
Route the
oscillator
to Group,
Mix, and
Aux Buses
Osc>20.0H
Slt>30.0H
Osc>-20.0
Slt>-20.0
Osc>Grp
Slt>Grp
Osc>Mix
Slt>Mix
Slate
frequency
Slate
level
Slate Bus
assignment
Osc>Aux
Main
Panel
Talk
Slate assigned
to Group and
Mix Buses
Slt>ALL
Osc>ALL
Info
Lsn
OscSlt
Figure 5-7 Comms:Slate/Osc Panel
73
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.2.4
CM401 Master Section
Quick Access Communications Panels
The Quick Access Panel, located below the CR Level area, provides easy, fast access
to the most commonly used Communications parameters without using the Panel Viewer.
Use the buttons above the panel to display Quick Access Panels for general Communications, Talkback, Listen, and Slate/Osc (Figure 5-8).
Comms Talk
Listen Slate / Osc
L C R Sl Sr B X Y
085
ON
Mix 1
1>Lsn
CR
Source
All>Lsn
Main
Spkrs
Alt1
Spkrs
Control Room
DIM
Tbk>MonB
Alt2
Spkrs
CUT
Comms Talk
Tbk>MonA
Listen Slate / Osc
ON
Tbk>Mons
Tbk Ltch
Comms Talk
Listen Slate / Osc
ON
Tbk>MonD
Lsn>Ltch
Tbk>MonC
4>Lsn
Tbk>MonB
3>Lsn
Tbk>MonA
2>Lsn
Comms Talk
Listen Slate / Osc
1>Lsn
ON
Slt>Grp
Slt>Mix
Osc>Grp
Osc>Mix
Osc>Aux
Figure 5-8 Quick Access Communication Panels
74
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.3
CM401 Master Section
Solo
System 5 has an extensive solo control system that is accessed from the center section.
Press the Solo Ctrl switch in the master Solo section to display the Solo Control Panel.
Solo
Solo
L4
L3
L2
L1
T2
T1
LR phase
Film Mode
Solo
Ctrl
Comms
Ctrl
Backstop PFL
CR
Output
Momentary
Solo-Safe
Summing
DimCR
I/C
Solo>None
APL
Solo>Alt1
PFL
Solo>Alt2
SIP
Solo>Flw
Clear
Main
Panel
New
Info
Mod
Clr
Name
Figure 5-9 Master Solo section (top-left) and Solo Control Panel
5.3.1
Solo Mode
The three Solo modes can be selected by pressing their respective switches in the Solo
Control Panel. Selecting one mode deselects the previous mode.
APL (After-Pan Listen): Signal is post-fader and pan (stereo)
PFL (Pre-Fader Listen): Signal is pre-fader in mono
SIP (Solo-In-Place): Allows Solo channels through to the mix busses. Mutes all channels
not soloed but not channels designated Solo-Safe (page 77). This mode allows monitoring soloed channels with panning and effects if the effects returns have been designated
Solo-Safe. We do not recommend this destructive solo mode for live broadcast or for
recording a mix or dub.
Film Mode: Switches any mix busses in playback to bus temporarily so an SIP solo can
be heard.
75
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.3.2
CM401 Master Section
Solo Level
The Solo knob controls the solo level (APL and PFL modes) sent to the speakers or the
Solo Output in PatchNet. The level is indicated on the LEDs surrounding the knob. The
LED in the center of the knob flashes when a channel is soloed.
5.3.3
Solo Clear
All solo channels can be cleared using either of these methods:
5.3.4
•
Press the switch in the center of the Solo knob.
•
Press the Clear key on the bottom-right of the Solo Control Panel.
Intercancel, Momentary, and Sum
The Solo keys on the Strips sum by default: the Sum key in the Solo Control Panel is
illuminated when first displayed. This means multiple channels can be soloed by pressing additional Solo keys; they must be explicitly cleared. There are two other options
available in the Solo Control Panel that control the Solo key:
5.3.5
•
Momentary: The Solo key must be held down but multiple channels can be
active at a time.
•
Intercancel: Pressing each new Solo key clears the last solo channel and
activates the new one.
Solo Speaker Selection
The APL and PFL solo signals can be routed to the following speakers by activating
their respective keys in the Solo Control Panel:
5.3.6
•
Solo>None: The Solo signal is not sent to a speaker but can be routed using
PatchNet.
•
Solo>Alt1: The Solo signal is sent to the Alt1 speaker.
•
Solo>Alt2: The Solo signal is sent to the Alt2 speaker.
•
Solo>Flw: The Solo signal follows the active control room speaker selection
(Alt1 or Alt2).
Solo Speaker Dim
In APL and PFL modes, the speakers not fed by the Solo signal can be dimmed. Press
the DimCR key in the Solo Control Panel.
76
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.3.7
CM401 Master Section
Solo-Safe
Solo-Safe is used with the SIP mode and has no effect in APL or PFL modes. SIP mode
effectively mutes all channels except the soloed channel. Designating a channel SoloSafe allows it through to the mix busses even when another signal is soloed. Solo signals
can be heard with effects if the effects returns are designated Solo-Safe.
1.
Press the Solo-Safe key in the Solo Control Panel.
2.
Press the Chan Select key of the channel to make Solo-Safe.
The Chan Select key flashes to show it has been made Solo-Safe. The channel’s Solo key also lights dimly when in Solo-safe mode.
5.3.8
3.
Press additional Chan Select keys.
4.
Press the Solo-Safe key again or another Solo Control Panel key to exit the mode.
Backstop PFL
The System 5 faders have a backstop PFL switch past the bottom of their travel. Press
Solo Ctrl on the Center Section to open the Solo Control Panel and select Backstop
PFL to enable this feature. Pull and hold a fader past the bottom of its travel to route
the signal’s PFL level to the Solo bus. Release the fader to cancel its routing to the Solo
bus. Backstop PFL does not affect normal solo operations and can be used on Control
Group and Multi Format master faders to PFL a group of channels. Deactivate Backstop
PFL in the Solo Control Panel to cancel the mode.
77
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
5.4
CM401 Master Section
Meters
The System 5 meters are displayed on the TFT screen at the top of each Strip. Each
Strip’s meter can be set independently and can measure:
•
Channel: the fader, Swap, Main, or any channel, even one not assigned to that
Strip. There is an option to display two meters to track different information.
When displaying one meter, the dynamics gain reduction is shown to the right
of the channel meter (Figure 5-10).
•
Group, Mix, Aux: Any Group, Mix, or Aux Bus.
Figure 5-10 Channel meter with dynamics gain reduction meter on right
5.4.1
Meters Panel
From the Main Panel, press the Meters switch to display the Meter Presets Panel (left
of Figure 5-11). Twenty four meter presets can be stored and recalled via the Meter
Presets Panel. Before creating presets, configure each Strip’s meters.
78
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
Meter Configuration
Meter Presets
Named
Presets
Un-named
Presets
Fader
Channel
Faders
M13
Group Bus
M14
Mix Bus
M15
Mix
Swap
M4
M16
Aux
Ch 1
M5
M17
None
Ch 2
M6
M18
Ch 3
M7
M19
Ch 4
M8
M20
Ch 5
M9
M21
Ch 6
M10
M22
Ch 7
M11
M23
Ch 8
M12
M24
Ch 9
Group
Main
Page
Main
Panel
Sto
Clr
Name
Store current Delete
meter settings a Preset
to a Preset
Name
a Preset
Cnfg
Configure
meters
Peak
Info
Main
Panel
Avg
Full
Toggle, Peak, or Average
for all meters
Info
Dual
Upr
Lwr
Pset
Single, large Two, small Select
Select
Back to Meter
meter
upper dual lower dual Presets Panel
meters
meter
meter
Figure 5-11 Meter Presets and Meter Configuration Panels
Meter Configuration
Press the Cnfg key at the bottom of the Meter Presets Panel. The Meter Configuration
Panel appears (right of Figure 5-11). By default, the Full key (bottom-left) is lit, which
selects one large meter; the Channel key is also lit, which displays the Channel options
along the right side of the Panel. The double arrows (depicted opposite Channel in
Figure 5-11) show what the right-side options pertain to (i.e., press Group to display
Grp 1, Grp 2, etc. along the right side and the arrows appear opposite Group).
Each Strip can have a different meter configuration but it is also easy to assign the same
configuration to consecutive Strips (with automatic incrementing).
79
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
To select one meter:
1.
While displaying the Meter Configuration Panel, press Strip 1’s Wave key.
2.
Press the Full key from the bottom row to select one large meter.
3.
Select Channel as the signal type for Strip 1’s meter from the options on the
left side of the Meter Configuration Panel.
The right side of Figure 5-11 shows the relevant Channel options. Group, Mix,
and Aux have different options.
4.
Select Fader, Main, Swap, or Ch # to assign the signal to meter.
Fader: Meter measures whatever the fader controls (i.e., the active Swap/Main
channel). Despite the name, the signal is measured pre-fader.
Main: Meter measures the Main channel even when Swap is active.
Swap: Meter measures the Swap channel even when Main is active.
Ch #: Meter measures the assigned channel even if it is not assigned to that
Strip.
NOTE: It is most common to meter the Fader, Main, or Swap signals. The TFT meter
and fader meter follow the meter source point as set in the path order (see
page 109).
To select dual meters:
1.
While displaying the Meter Configuration Panel, press Strip 1’s Wave key.
2.
Press the Dual key from the bottom row to select two, small meters.
The Dual and Lwr keys light.
3.
Press the Channel key on the left side.
4.
Press the Fader key on the right.
The lower meter now measures the signal applied to Strip 1’s fader.
5.
Press the Upr key to set the upper meter’s options.
6.
Press the Group key on the left side.
The double arrows move down to appear opposite Group. The options change
along the right side to Grp 1, Grp 2, etc.
7.
Press the Grp 1 key on the right side.
Strip 1’s upper meter now measures the Group 1 Bus.
80
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM401 Master Section
To select the same meter configuration for multiple Strips, press another Strip’s Wave
key after configuring the first Strip. Because each meter’s signal is automatically incremented by one, set the lowest numbered Strip first and then set additional Strips consecutively. For the dual meter example above, pressing Strip 2’s Wave key assigns
Group Bus 2 to the upper meter and Strip 2’s fader to the bottom meter. If Strip 3’s
Wave key was pressed instead of Strip 2, Group Bus 2 would still be assigned to Strip
3’s upper meter.
5.4.2
Master Section Meters
Figure 5-12 Master section meters showing 5.1-channel CR and Aux Busses 1–8
The TFT screen above the center section shows two meters, one above another. The upper meter automatically shows the selected monitor output format. For example, if the
Control Room monitors Mix Bus A and it is a 5.1-channel format, the meter automatically displays 5.1 channels.
The lower meter automatically displays whatever is currently assigned to the Bus Master Strip: Aux, Mix, or Group Masters, Mon A, B, C, D, or Solo Master. The meter displays the eight meters corresponding to the Bus Master knobset. If there are more than
eight masters, use the WX keys on the Bus Master Strip to change pages. For example,
if Group Bus Masters 9–16 are on the knobset, the meters display these automatically.
Press the Mon A–D Source or the Solo Ctrl switches to meter these signals on the
lower meter.
81
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
82
CM401 Master Section
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 6: CM402 Center Section
The CM402 module (Figure 6-1) is located to the left of the CM401 Master Section that
contains the Center Strip. The purpose of the CM402 is to expand access to Strip
functions so they are more readily available than from the normal Strip. It includes the
following functional sections, from top to bottom:
•
Bus Routing and Track Arming Panels
See Bus Routing Panel on page 88 and Track Arming on page 148.
•
Aux, Input, and Filters knobsets with select panel
The Select Panel determines which functions of the Center Strip’s channel are
displayed on the knobsets.
•
Dynamics and EQ knobsets
The Center Strip channel’s dynamics and EQ are always displayed on these
knobsets.
•
Channel Select Panel
•
Eight assignable Strip faders
These are traditionally used for Control Groups but any channel can be assigned using the same techniques used to assign a Strip on the CM408.
Any Strip on the console can be displayed on the Center Strip by pressing its Wave key.
The Channel Select Panel can also assign channels to the Center Strip.
Once a Strip has been assigned to the Center Strip,
•
reassigning the Swap or Main channels on the original Strip is not reflected in
the Center Strip.
•
reassigning the Swap or Main channels on the Center Strip is not reflected in
the original Strip.
•
the original Strip can still control all its functions.
83
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Rec
1
Rec 2
Rec 3
Rec
17
Rec 18
Rec
19
Rec
33
Rec
35
Rec
A
34
B
Rec 4
Rec 5
Rec 20
Rec
Rec
C
36
D
21
Rec 6
Rec 7
Rec 8
Rec
9
Rec
10
Rec
11
Rec
12
Rec
13
Rec
14
Rec
15
Rec
16
Rec 22
Rec 23
Rec 24
Rec
25
Rec
26
Rec
27
Rec
28
Rec
29
Rec
30
Rec
31
Rec
32
Rec 40
Rec
41
Rec
42
Rec
43
Rec
44
Rec
45
Rec
46
Rec
47
Rec
48
H
J
Rec 37
Rec
E
F
All
Repro
Record
Machine
CM402 Center Section
38
Rec
39
G
All
Input
Record
Safe
Track
Arming
BVU950
Pan
3
5
Pan
1/2
4
6
7/8
K
Grp
Route
F1tp
R
P1
S
T
U
Pan to:
GRP Buses MIX Buses
Grp
Section
F1fr
F2tp
Reverse
Route
F2fr
AssignKnobs
12:Guit
in
Slct / Punch
Dyn
Q
Mix
Route
KnobValues
Aux
cfg
P
P2
P3
P4
Filt
in
EQ
in
cfg
Store P Slct / Punch
P5
in
xKne
xHld
cKne
cGMU
LoQ
LmQ
HmQ
HiQ
xAtk
xRel
cAtk
cRel
LoF
LmF
HmF
HiF
xRat
xThr
cRat
cThr
LmG
HmG
HiG
C1
C2
ON
C10
C18
C26
C27
ON
solo
Number
Chan
Select
main
solo
All
Knobs
M S L
on
Copy
C3
Gp2
solo
M S L
on
solo
All
Knobs
M S L
on
solo
C31
M S L
on
C32
ON
solo
Page
swap
mstrs
Chan
Select
Chan
Select
solo
Chan
Select
swap
swap
C6
Gp5
All
Knobs
solo
solo
C5
Gp4
C24
ON
ON
swap
C4
Gp3
All
Knobs
C23
C30
Clear
swap
solo
solo
solo
Paste
C16
ON
ON
ON
Chan
Select
swap
C2
Gp1
C22
C29
Chan
Select
C15
solo
solo
solo
solo
ON
ON
ON
solo
Chan
Select
swap
C1
M S L
ON
swap
Chan
Select
swap
All
Knobs
C28
solo
solo
Group
C21
ON
ON
solo
C14
solo
solo
C8
ON
solo
ON
ON
solo
solo
C25
ON
C20
ON
ON
solo
C13
solo
C19
ON
solo
C7
ON
solo
ON
solo
solo
C17
ON
C12
ON
ON
solo
C6
ON
solo
C11
ON
C5
ON
solo
solo
C9
solo
C4
ON
ON
solo
ON
0
C3
ON
solo
LoG
C7
Gp6
All
Knobs
M S L
on
swap
solo
C8
Gp7
All
Knobs
M S L
on
solo
All
Knobs
Gp8
M S L
on
on
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
18
0
18
0
18
0
18
0
18
0
18
0
18
0
18
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
36
42
48
60
72
Figure 6-1 CM402 Center Section
84
solo
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
6.1
CM402 Center Section
Channel Select Panel
C1
C2
ON
ON
solo
solo
C9
C3
ON
solo
C18
ON
ON
solo
C19
ON
solo
Group
ON
solo
solo
main
swap
ON
solo
Paste
C24
ON
solo
solo
C31
ON
solo
Clear
solo
C23
C30
ON
C16
ON
ON
solo
solo
Copy
C22
C29
ON
C15
solo
ON
solo
C28
ON
solo
Number
C27
C21
ON
solo
solo
C26
ON
C20
ON
solo
ON
solo
C8
ON
solo
C14
ON
solo
C7
ON
solo
C13
ON
solo
ON
solo
C25
ON
solo
C6
ON
solo
C12
ON
solo
C17
C11
C5
ON
solo
solo
C10
ON
C4
ON
ON
solo
Page
C32
ON
solo
swap
mstrs
Figure 6-2 Channel Select Panel
The Channel Select Panel provides easy physical access to any channel or Control
Group in your System 5 configuration. It defaults to displaying the first 32 channels,
each with a four-character LCD display, ON/Solo, and Channel Select keys.
•
The Page keys display additional channels in groups of 32. If the Scroll key is
lit, the Page keys display one new row of channels (eight) instead of 32.
•
The right key beneath each channel’s LCD display assigns that channel or Control Group to the Center Strip, replacing the channel in the active layer (Swap
or Main). This key functions identically to a CM408 Strip’s Wave key.
•
The Number key toggles between displaying the channel or Control Group
number (key is lit) and the name.
•
The Group key toggles between displaying channels and Control Groups (key
is lit).
The global ON and Solo keys on the bottom of the panel determine whether the left key
on each channel’s controls performs an On/Off or Solo function. The ON and Solo keys
cannot be lit simultaneously and intercancel:
•
If ON is lit, the key turns the Control Group or Channel On/Off.
•
If Solo is lit, the key Solos the Control Group or Channel.
•
If both are unlit, the key has no effect.
NOTE: The Wave key at the far right of the Channel Select Panel is not functional.
85
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
6.2
CM402 Center Section
Knobset Panels
Pan
3
5
Pan
1/2
4
6
7/8
F1tp
F1fr
KnobValues
Aux
cfg
P1
Slct / Punch
Dyn
F2fr
AssignKnobs
12:Guit
in
F2tp
P2
P3
P4
P5
Store P
Filt
in
EQ
in
cfg
Slct / Punch
in
xKne
xHld
cKne
cGMU
LoQ
LmQ
HmQ
HiQ
xAtk
xRel
cAtk
cRel
LoF
LmF
HmF
HiF
xRat
xThr
cRat
cThr
LmG
HmG
HiG
LoG
Figure 6-3 Center Panel knobsets
The Center Section’s knobsets extend access to the Center Strip’s functions. The two
panels of 16 (4x4) knobs above the Channel Select Panel are dedicated to dynamics
(left) and EQ (right). The two panels of 8 (2x4) knobs above the Knobset Control Panel
display different combinations of Aux, Input, and Filters depending on the preset selected from the Knobset Control Panel.
6.2.1
Knobset Control Panel
The Knobset Control Panel configures the knobs above the panel and which pages
of Dynamics and EQ appear below it. The Input and Aux functions have configuration pages which can be accessed by pressing both cfg WX keys simultaneously
(see Section 8.4 - Channel Processing Functions for details about the configuration
pages). The LCD display in the center of the panel shows the current Center Strip channel.
86
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM402 Center Section
KnobValues
Aux
cfg
Slct / Punch
P1
Dyn
Assign Knobs
12:Guit
in
P2
P3
P4
P5
Store P
Filt
in
EQ
in
cfg
Slct / Punch
in
Figure 6-4 Knobset Control Panel
The Knob Values key toggles between showing the parameter name in each knob’s
LCD display (unlit) and the parameter value (lit). The LCD always displays the value
when the knob is adjusted but reverts to the name unless Knob Values is lit.
The five Preset keys configure the two panels of eight knobs above the Knobset
Control Panel. The current preset key remains lit and the top two (right and left)
LCD displays show the selected functions. The bottom two LCD displays are fixed
at Dynamics and EQ.
Table 6-1 Center Panel Knobset Presets
Preset #
Left
Right
1
Aux
Filters
2
Aux
Input
3
Input
Filters
4
Aux
Aux
5
Input
Input
The Slct/Punch switch punches the knobset in during automation or selects it for inclusion
in a Snapshot. The In key switches the function In (lit) and Out (unlit). The switch to
the right of the In key is the Select/Punch for the In key.
All knobset functions and displays are discussed in Section 8.4 - Channel Processing
Functions.
NOTE: The Store P and Assign Knobs switches are not currently operational.
87
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
6.3
Bus Routing Panel
Rec
1
Rec 2
Rec 3
Rec
17
Rec 18
Rec
19
Rec
33
Rec
35
A
CM402 Center Section
Rec
34
B
C
Record
Machine
Rec 4
Rec 5
Rec 20
Rec
Rec
36
D
21
Rec 6
Rec 7
Rec 8
Rec
9
Rec
10
Rec
11
Rec
12
Rec
13
Rec
14
Rec
15
Rec
16
Rec 22
Rec 23
Rec 24
Rec
25
Rec
26
Rec
27
Rec
28
Rec
29
Rec
30
Rec
31
Rec
32
Rec 40
Rec
41
Rec
42
Rec
43
Rec
44
Rec
45
Rec
46
Rec
47
Rec
48
H
J
Rec 37
Rec
E
F
All
Repro
All
Input
BVU950
38
Rec
39
G
Record
Safe
Track
Arming
K
Grp
Route
P
Mix
Route
Q
Grp
Section
R
S
Pan to:
GRP Buses MIX Buses
T
U
Reverse
Route
Figure 6-5 Bus Routing Panel
This panel shows the Group and Mix Bus routing for channels assigned to the Center
Strip. The Track Arming, Grp Route, Mix Route, and Grp Section switches along
the bottom of the panel determine the information being displayed and controlled.
These switches intercancel: only one can be lit and active at a time. The Pan To: GRP
Busses and MIX Busses keys switch pan in/out for the Group and Mix Busses.
NOTE: The Reverse Route switch is not currently operational.
6.3.1
Grp Route
All 48 switches indicate Group Bus routing. The green number LEDs light to indicate
the available busses. The switches light to show that the Center Strip channel is routed
to that Group Bus.
6.3.2
Mix Route
All 48 switches indicate Mix Bus routing. The green number LEDs light to indicate the
available busses. The switches light to show that the Center Strip channel is routed to
that Mix Bus.
6.3.3
Grp Section
This is the default mode of operation. The top two rows indicate Group Bus routing.
The bottom row is used for the 16 Mix Busses.
6.3.4
Track Arming
This mode allows track arming up to 48 tracks of a record machine.
88
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 7: Busses and Bus Masters
7.1
Introduction to System 5 Busses
The number of processing cards in the DF64 digital frames and the Mixer Model determine the number of busses and channels available in your System 5 configuration:
more channels = less busses and vice versa. See Mixer Model on page 56 for a complete
discussion of these system resource issues.
The System 5 has four bus types: Mix, Group, Aux, and Solo.
Mix Busses
A maximum of 48 Mix Busses can be configured in up to 16 Mix Sections. Each Mix
Section can have between one and eight individual busses (i.e., a stereo pair = two individual and an LCRS set = four individual) and can be set to any format. Mix Busses
have playback returns; Aux and Group busses do not.
Group Busses
Group Busses are used to route channels to multitracks, DAWs, mix-minus feeds, and
sub-groups. Group Busses can be configured to any format but are usually set to odd/
even stereo pairs. With Pan switched out, they act as mono assign busses.
Auxiliary Sends
Aux sends are used for effects, foldback, and mix-minus feeds. Aux sends can be configured as mono or stereo pairs and can be pre- or post-fader.
Solo Busses
The Solo bus is fixed at stereo. After-Pan Listen (APL) and Pre-Fader Listen (PFL)
route signals to the Solo Bus. Each Strip’s fader also has a Backstop PFL function:
move and hold the fader past the bottom of its travel to activate the PFL Solo mode (see
Backstop PFL on page 105). Solo In Place (SIP) is a destructive Solo mode and does
not use the Solo busses. See Solo Mode on page 75 for more information on SIP.
89
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
7.2
Busses and Bus Masters
Bus Master Functions
HiF
VTR 1
1
Mon D
Source
1
HiG
2
CD
Mon C
Source
HmF
2
VTR 2
3
Mon B
Source
HmG
Mix 2
4
Mon A
Source
LmF
3
5
Solo
L4
L3
L2
L1
T2
T1
LmG
6
LR phase
Solo
Ctrl
Groups
Comms
Ctrl
Automation
LoF
SnapShots
7
8
Control Room
DIM
5
cfg
Copy
Layouts
CR
Source
Alt1
Spkrs
LoG
cfg
Paste
Meters
Mix 1
Main
Spkrs
Bus Master
Knobset
Strips
CR
Output
L C R Sl Sr B X Y
085
4
Machines
CUT
Comms Talk
Listen
Channels
Main
Panel
Info
Alt2
Spkrs
CR
Insert
Slate / Osc
ON
*
Aux
Mstrs
Input
Grp
Mstrs
Dyn
Mix
Mstrs
Ins in
Dyn in
6
EQ in
EQ
filts
Bus
Lock
Aux
Mon
Lock
filtsin
Tbk Ltch
Tbk>MonD
Tbk>MonC
Tbk>MonB
Pan to:
Pan
G
R
P
7
Tbk>MonA
M
I
X
route
Chan
Select
Center
Strip
swap
M S L
Pass
View
Isolate
C1
Route
ALL
filts
Aux
Mix
Master
Fader
Grp
Mstrs
Mix Master
Mix
Mstrs
Bus Lock
Bus
Lock
Mon Lock
Mon
Lock
sec / ft
beat
fr / msec
tick
Mark
Out
locatetime
Read
-
+
Delete
Edit
Trim
+
Trim
Locate
Reg’s
Write
Abs
7
8
9
Cue
Store
Current
Store
Locate
Recall
Write
Trim
4
5
6
2
3
-
0
12
Group Master
min
bar
Pan
All Funcs
Aux Master
00:16.12.04
on
8
Aux
Mstrs
12:24.03.10
Mark
In
EQ
solo
On
0
Time
Display
Dyn
Input
on
cfg
Save
Mix
hr
C24
All
Knobs
Mix
On
6
6
0
12
6
18
12
24
18
0
30
Preview
Glide
1
Suspend
Preview
Capture
Auto
Join
0
Punch
Preview
Punch
Capture
Join
Clear
24
36
30
42
Fill to
Punch
Fill
Region
36
42
48
60
72
48
54
60
72
84
Fill
Fill
Undo
Redo
Enter
Loc
Auto
Match
All
Match
Shuttle
Reh
Jog
Roll
Back
Mix, Group, and Aux
Master Strip
Figure 7-1 CM401 Center Section with Bus Master Strip
90
Trim
Return
Auto
Punch
Rec
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Busses and Bus Masters
The Bus Master Strip has eight knobs and five function keys to control all Bus Master
functions.
7.2.1
Aux, Grp, and Mix Masters
Press the Aux Mstrs, Grp Mstrs, Mix Mstrs keys (Figure 7-1) to display the Aux Bus,
Group Bus, or Mix Bus functions, respectively, on the Bus Master knobset.
7.2.2
Bus Lock
The Bus Lock key disables the following functions when activated: Bus Levels (Mix
Master, Master Trims, and Leg Trims), Bus Inserts, Bus On/Off switches.
While these functions are disabled, their values may still be interrogated.
7.2.3
Mon Lock
The Mon Lock key disables the Control Room and Monitor levels. Dim and Cut always
remain active. See Monitoring on page 64 for more information on monitor controls.
7.2.4
Mix Bus
Press the Mix Mstrs key to bring the mix bus sections onto the Bus Master knobset.
The Master Fader controls the overall Mix section levels. Each Mix section has its
own level control as well as trim controls for each Mix Bus in its selected format (see
Busses on page 54 to see how to set the format). Relative levels are maintained when
adjusting the Mix Bus Master or Mix Bus section level until a maximum or minimum
value is reached.
91
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Selects individual
buses from this
Mix Bus
Busses and Bus Masters
Press this button
or the Mix Mstrs
button to return
to Main Mix
Masters page
H
Adjusts Mix Bus
section level
Turns Mix
Bus on/off
G
F
Bm51
Adjusts the
bus level
Turns bus
on/off
E
Sr48
D
Sl48
C
R 51
B
C 51
A
L 51
cfg
Page Key
displays additional
Mix Bus Sections
(if more than 8)
cfg
Figure 7-2 Mix Bus Master (left) and Individual Bus (right) Displays
The left side of Figure 7-2 shows the Mix Bus Master display after pressing the Mix
Mstrs button (or the top-right knobset function key next to Clear). The important functions are summarized below:
•
Press the upper of the two buttons to the left of each knob to display the individual busses for that Mix Section.
•
Adjust the knob to control the overall level of that Mix Bus.
•
Press a knob to display individual Section meters on the TFT screen.
•
Press the lower of the two buttons to the left of each knob to turn that Mix Bus
On/Off. All individual bus parameters are retained if the Bus is turned on after
being off.
•
Use the W and X buttons to display additional pages if there are more than
eight busses.
92
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Busses and Bus Masters
Individual Mix Busses
The right side of Figure 7-2 shows the individual Mix Bus display selected by pressing
the upper of the two buttons to the left of each knob. The important functionality is summarized below:
7.2.5
•
Press the lower of the two buttons to the left of each knob to turn the individual
bus On/Off. Its level is retained if that bus is turned on after being off.
•
Adjust a knob to set the level for that bus.
Group and Aux Busses
The Group and Aux Bus Masters have the same controls. Press the Grp Mstrs or Aux
Mstrs button to display the first eight Group or Aux Bus Masters. Use the W and X
keys to display additional busses. The knobs control the bus levels and the lower button
to the left of the knob turns that bus on/off. See Law Palette on page 55 to learn how to
select the format.
7.2.6
Configuring Mono/Stereo Aux Busses
The Aux Busses can be configured as mono sends (default) or odd/even stereo pairs. To
configure Aux busses 1 and 2 as a stereo pair:
1.
With the Aux Busses on the Bus Master knobset, press both cfg W and X keys
simultaneously.
Both cfg keys flash to designate the Aux Bus configuration mode. These keys
are usually pressed individually to page between groups of eight busses.
2.
Press the switch in the center of the knob for Aux Bus 1 or 2.
The Aux Bus 1 and 2 knob LEDs turn blue.
3.
Press the Aux Mstrs key to return to the Aux Bus Master display.
The two channels are now displayed as shown below.
1/2
Aux 1 Gain
Aux 1 On/Off
1/2
Aux 2 Gain
Aux 2 On/Off
Figure 7-3 Aux busses 1 and 2 linked as stereo pair
93
7.2.7
Bus Master Inserts
Each Group, Mix, and Aux Bus has an insert point. See Mix Bus Send/Return on page
52 to learn about bus insert send and returns specified in PatchNet. Switching the insert
in/out works the same for Aux, Mix, and Group busses.
7.3
1.
Press the Aux Mstrs, Grp Mstrs, or Mix Mstrs button to display that bus on
the Bus Master knobset.
2.
Press both cfg W and X keys simultaneously.
3.
Press the lower button to the left of the knob to activate that bus insert (In: button lit). Press the button again to deactivate the bus insert (Out: button not lit).
Mix and Group Bus Setup
See Busses on page 54 to learn about how to configure the Mix and Group Busses.
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 8: Channels and Strips
8.1
Strips
A CM408 module contains eight identical Strips, each with a Main and Swap channel
with independent settings. The Strip is the physical control area on the console that
contains switches, knobs, displays, and a fader. Figure 8-1 shows a Strip with its meter
and status displays that appear on the meter bridge above the channel, and block diagrams
for the Swap and Main channels.
System 5 provides tremendous flexibility in how channels are assigned to Strips and
how the Strip controls the channel:
•
Any channel can be assigned to any Strip; assignments need not be consecutive.
•
Two Strips can control one channel, allowing two users to simultaneously operate that channel.
•
Channels with related functions, such as individual drums or drum submixes,
can be assigned to neighboring Strips.
•
Channel-to-Strip mappings can be named, stored, and recalled as Layouts
(Section 10.1 - Layouts).
•
Channel settings can be named, stored, and recalled as Snapshots (Section
10.2 - Snapshots).
A 96-channel, 48-Strip configuration could map all channels to the control surface:
Main (channels 1–48 to Strips 1–48); Swap (channels 49–96 to Strips 1–48). A 96channel, 24-Strip System 5 configuration cannot map all channels to the console at
once but could use two Layouts to easily interchange all channels.
95
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Swap Channel
A
Meter and Status Display
B
HiF
Channel Inputs
HiG
Trim & Phase
Input Select
Any
Order
Function
2 of 8
1
7
Delay
Function
2 of 7
Meter
Function
3 of 7
Insert
Function
4 of 7
EQ
Function
5 of 7
Filters
Function
6 of 7
DYN
HmF
HmG
Key
Link
Function
7 of 7
LmF
Pre-Fader
Output
Fader
& Mute
LmG
Post-Fader
Direct Output
Aux
Sends
Grp
Pan/Route
System Buses
Solo
PFL/AFL
LoF
Mix
Pan/Route
LoG
Main Channel
A
cfg
Copy
B
Paste
Func
Sel
*
Channel Inputs
Ins in
Input
Trim & Phase
Dyn in
Dyn
Input Select
EQ in
EQ
filts
Any
Order
Function
2 of 8
1
7
Function
2 of 7
Filts in
Aux
Delay
Pan to:
Pan
Meter
Function
3 of 7
Insert
Function
4 of 7
EQ
Function
5 of 7
Filters
Function
6 of 7
DYN
G
R
P
M
I
X
route
Chan
Select
swap
C25
Key
Link
Function
7 of 7
All
Knobs
Pre-Fader
Output
M S L
Fader
& Mute
C1
solo
on
Post-Fader
Direct Output
Solo
PFL/AFL
Grp
Pan/Route
12
System Buses
Aux
Sends
6
0
6
Mix
Pan/Route
12
Figure 8-1 The Strip with block diagram for Main/Swap channels and meter/status display
96
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.1.1
Channels and Strips
Map Channels and Control Groups to Strips
Each Strip can control a Main and Swap channel. One or both of the channels can be a
Control Group instead of a normal channel. Channels can be assigned individually using the Strip controls or to multiple Strips using the Channel Assign Panel (page 98).
Individual Assignment: Strip Controls
The Chan Select key can be used to assign individual channels to a Strip on the console
surface:
1.
Access the Main or Swap level to assign the desired channel.
2.
Press and hold down the Wave key and press the Chan Select key.
The channel list appears on the meter bridge screen at the top of the Strip.
Control Groups that have been created also appear in the list. The Accept and
Abort keys flash (see Figure 8-2).
Chan
Select
swap
Channel Select
key
C25
C1
Al l
Knobs
M S L
Abort Channel
selection
solo
on
Accept Channel
selection
Wave key
12
6
Fader scrolls
through list
0
6
Figure 8-2 Strip controls during channel assignment
3.
Use the fader to scroll through the list of channels and Control Groups on
the screen; the highlighted entry is selected.
4.
Press the Accept key to assign the selected channel or the Abort key to cancel.
To assign the Swap channel, press the Swap key and begin with step 2.
97
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Multiple Assignments: Channel Assign Panel
The Channel Assign Panel is most commonly used to assign channels to multiple
Strips but can also be used for a single assignment.
1.
Press the Main Panel key in the center section.
2.
Press the Channels key to display the Channel Assign Panel.
Use the Page keys to display additional channels.
Channel Assign
1 : Ch1
13 : Ch13
2 : Ch2
14 : Ch14
3 : Ch3
15 : Ch15
4 : Ch4
16 : Ch16
5 : Ch5
17 : Ch17
6 : Ch6
18 : Ch18
7 : Ch7
19 : Ch19
8 : Ch8
20 : Ch20
9 : Ch9
21 : Ch21
10 : Ch10
22 : Ch22
11 : Ch11
23 : Ch23
12 : Ch12
24 : Ch24
Page
Main
Panel
Name
Info
Auto
Setup
Figure 8-3 Channel Assign Panel
3.
In the Channel Assign Panel Viewer, press the key beside the channel you
wish to assign.
4.
Activate the Main or Swap channel on the Strip you wish to assign the selected
channel and press its Chan Select key.
98
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Shortcut Assignment for Multiple Channels
Use the following procedure to assign multiple, consecutive channels to the console
surface:
1.
Press the Main Panel key at the bottom of the Panel Viewer.
2.
Press the Channels key in the Main Panel to display the Channel Assign Panel.
3.
In the Channel Assign Panel, press the Auto key so it illuminates and the key
beside the channel to designate as the starting channel.
4.
Position your finger over the Chan Select key for the first Strip (left-most) you
would like to assign on the console.
Because this technique requires a two-key sequence beginning with Chan
Select and moving to the right to the Swap key, the first Strip must be at the
far left of those being assigned.
5.
Begin by pressing the Chan Select key on the first Strip, but continue moving
your finger to the right across to the Swap key of the same Strip.
6.
Continue sliding your finger to the right over the Chan Select and Swap keys
of each Strip until you have pressed the Swap key on the last Strip you wish
to assign.
You have just assigned the Main level on each Strip by pressing its Chan Select
key. Pressing its Swap key enables that Strip to assign its Swap level in step 7.
7.
Move your finger back to the first Strip’s Chan Select key and repeat the same
sequence of key presses.
You have mapped the next series of channels to the Swap level on the same
Strips on which you set the Main levels.
For example, if the first sequence mapped channels 1–8 to the Main level on eight
Strips, the second sequence would map channels 9–16 to the Swap level on the same
eight Strips.
8.1.2
Input Names or Channel Number
You can choose whether to display a channel’s number or its input names.
1.
Press the Channels key in the Main Panel.
2.
Press the Setup key in the Channel Assign Panel.
3.
Use the Show Input Name key to toggle between displaying the channel number
and the names patched into the channel’s A and B inputs.
99
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.1.3
Channels and Strips
Strip Utilities
System 5 provides several useful utilities to operate efficiently with Strips:
Strip Lock, Strip Expand, Spill, Fader Unity, and Fader Meters (Figure 8-4).
Strip Config
Strip Lock
Strip Expand
Spill Select
Fader Unity
Fader Meters:
Off
Automation
Meter
Main
Panel
Info
Figure 8-4 Strip Config panel
100
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Strip Lock
Strip Lock prevents Strip assignments from being changed when a Layout is recalled
or when the All function is active for another channel.
To activate Strip Lock:
1.
Press the Strips key in the Main Panel Viewer.
2.
Press the Strip Lock key at the top-left of the Strips Panel Viewer.
The key flashes when active.
3.
Press the Wave key on each Strip to lock it.
The red Strip Lock LED (above the Wave key) illuminates to show the Strip
is locked. Press the Wave key again to unlock it.
The TFT display shows Locked above that Strip.
Strip Expand
Strip Expand expands the display and control of a single Strip over several Strips,
permitting easier access to knobset functions (i.e., one Strip has EQ, the next Dynamics,
etc.). Changes to the Main or Swap level affects all expanded Strips. Strip Expand
is also useful for showing multiple Aux send pages when there are more than eight
aux sends.
To expand a Strip:
1.
Press the Strips key in the Main Panel Viewer.
2.
Press the Strip Expand key in the Strips Panel Viewer.
The key illuminates when active.
3.
Press the Wave key on the Strip to expand.
The Wave key illuminates.
The yellow Strip Expand LEDs (above the Wave key) illuminate to designate
the expanded Strips.
101
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Spill Select
Spill Select allows Control Groups and Multi-Format Masters to “spill” their slaves to
a defined area.
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Strips key.
2.
In the Strip Config Panel Viewer, press the Spill Select key so it lights.
3.
Press the Wave key for each strip that is to be part of the spill area.
Fader Unity
Fader Unity allows any fader(s) to be automatically set to unity gain (0 dB).
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Strips key.
2.
In the Strip Config Panel Viewer, press the Fader Unity key so it lights.
3.
Press the Chan Select key for each channel to set unity gain.
The fader moves to 0 dB.
You can also press that channel’s Channel Select key in the center section
Select Panel.
C5
C6
N
C7
ON
ON
solo
solo
C8
Channel
Select key
ON
solo
Figure 8-5 Center section Select Panel
4.
Deselect the Fader Unity key to turn off the Fader Unity function.
Fader Meters
The Fader Meters: parameter controls what the Strip fader’s LEDs measure and can
be set using the keys that appear below and indented from the Fader Meters: key.
Off: Turns the Fader Meters off so nothing is displayed.
Meter: Displays the channel’s input level on the right meter only. This is the PFL input
level, not the fader position.
Automation: Displays the underlying fader position while recording automation.
When the fader is punched out, the LEDs turn off. In Write Abs mode, the underlying
absolute level is displayed while recording new automation. Underlying levels are also
displayed when a fader is in Preview or Suspend modes while touching the fader. See
Automation Modes on page 170.
102
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
8.2
Channel Control Features
8.2.1
Channel Name
The Main and Swap channels are designated by a number (C# by default) or by a fourcharacter name assigned in the Channel Assign Panel (see page 98). The Main channel
is below the Swap channel; the active channel’s display is brighter. Press the Swap key to
switch between the Swap and Main channels. The Strip controls only the active channel.
8.2.2
Function Keys
The Routing, Input, Dynamics, EQ/Filters, Aux Sends, and Pan functions can be
assigned to a Strip’s eight rotary knobs by the five switches below the knobs. If the
function has more than eight parameters, the WX keys (above * key) page backward
and forward to display the additional settings. Four function in/out switches are located
to the left of the function selection switches.
8.2.3
Rotary Knobs
Each Strip has eight illuminated, rotary knobs each with a four-character display and
two switches. The knob is a continuous controller; as the knob turns, the LEDs on the
outer ring light to show the current relative level. The display shows the knob’s current
function except while adjusting the knob, when it shows the parameter’s value.
The lower switch to the left of the knob toggles the knob’s function in/out.
Top of Strip
Knobset
Select/Punch switch
HiF
Knob Automation
status LEDs
Select/Punch
for On/Off
switch
On/Off
switch
Knob Select/Punch
switch
Switch Automation
status LEDs
Figure 8-6 Rotary Knob Controls
103
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Select/Punch Keys
There are several Select/Punch keys on a Strip that operate on different levels:
8.2.4
•
At the top of the strip (see Figure 8-6), the Knobset Select/Punch key selects
or punches all knobset parameters for the currently selected function, including
knobs and switches.
•
The upper switch to the left of the knob is the Select/Punch key for the On/Off
switch below it. When the transport is moving, it is the punch-in/out key for the
On/Off switch. This key is also used to select the On/Off switch for inclusion
in a Snapshot and pages to a second knob function, if it exists.
•
Each knob has a center switch that punches the knob in/out during automation. It
also selects that knob for inclusion in a Snapshot. When not in automation, tapping the knob switch shows the value in the display instead of the function name.
Touch-Sensitive Fader and Controls
Each Strip has a touch-sensitive fader that moves automatically in response to recorded
automation. When the fader is touched, the Fader touch-sensor LED lights and automatically punches it into automation (the Select/Punch key also punches the fader in/out).
The Fader Automation Status LEDs show the automation mode status for the fader.
Chan
Select
swap
Channel Select key
Swap channel key
C25
All Funcs key
C1
All
knobs
Channel On
Automation status LEDs
M S L
Channel On
Select/Punch key
Solo
on
Fader Automation
Status LEDs
Solo key
Channel On key
Auto-glide LED
Fader touchsensor LED
Fader Select/Punch key
12
6
Strip Lock LED
0
Wave key
Touch-sensitive
fader
6
12
0
18
24
Figure 8-7 Fader Controls
104
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Backstop PFL
The system 5 faders have a backstop switch past the bottom of their travel. Press Solo
Ctrl on the Center Section to open the Solo Control Panel and select Backstop PFL
to enable this feature. Then pull and hold a fader into the backstop to route the signal’s
PFL level to the Solo bus. Release the fader to cancel that fader’s routing to the Solo bus.
Backstop PFL does not affect normal solo operations and can be used on group masters
to PFL a Control Group. Deactivating Backstop PFL cancels the mode
8.2.5
Wave Key
The Wave key has three functions:
•
Press the Wave key to bring the Strip (both Swap and Main channels) to the
center Strip (see Chapter 6: CM402 Center Section).
•
Press the Wave key when selecting Strips and channels for Layouts, Strip
Expand, Strip Lock, or other operations.
•
Like a shift key, the Wave key modifies other keys.
See Section 13.4.2, 13.4.3, 13.4.4, and 8.2.8 for examples.
8.2.6
All Mode
When All mode is active on a Strip, that Strip’s function and Swap keys operate on all
Strips currently mapped to the console. This mode is for changing the display only. For
example, when setting EQ on a Strip, the other displayed EQ filters on other Strips are
not changed.
To activate All mode:
1.
Hold down the Wave key and press the Clear key at the top of the Strip (above
the top knob’s display).
All appears above Clear.
2.
Press any function key (i.e., EQ, Dyn, etc.) on that Strip and all knobsets on the
console display that function.
3.
Press Swap to toggle all Strips between their Main and Swap levels.
4.
Hold down the Wave key and press the Clear key again to disable All mode.
105
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.2.7
Channels and Strips
All Knobs Key
The All Knobs key punches out all functions except faders and their corresponding On/
Off switches.
8.2.8
•
Press the All Knobs key to punch out all knobset parameters and switches on
that Strip.
•
Press and hold down the Wave key, press the All Knobs key once, and then
release both keys to toggle the ATO/Manual Glide status for all knobset
functions on the Strip. See Section 13.7.2 - Knob Glide Modes.
•
Press and hold down the Wave key, then press the All Knobs key repeatedly
to cycle through the automation modes. Release the All Knobs key to select
the highlighted mode for all knobset functions on that Strip.
Copy and Paste
Settings from one channel may be copied and pasted to others.
To copy the settings:
1.
Press and hold the Wave key down and press the Copy key.
The Strip dims and the Copy key flashes.
2.
Press the Func Select key (to the left of the * key) to copy the knobset function
currently assigned to the knobs to the copy buffer. Other functions can be added to the buffer by pressing their function keys.
3.
Press and hold the Wave key down and press the Copy key to stop it from
flashing and exit the mode.
To paste the settings to a new channel:
1.
Select the Swap or Main channel within the desired Strip.
2.
Press and hold the Wave key down and press the Paste key on the new channel.
The buffered information is pasted to the channel on the new Strip.
106
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channel Process Order and Patch Points
The seven process functions can be placed in any order to suit different applications.
The default order is Delay, Metering, Insert, EQ, Filters, Dynamics, and Fader. The
nine patch points are A Input, B Input, Insert Send/Return, Pre-fader Output, Post-fader
Direct Output, Dynamics Key Input, and Dynamics Side-Chain Link In/Out (see Figure
8-8). All patching can be done from PatchNet (see Chapter 4: eMix Application). The
A, B, and Key channel inputs can be assigned from the Strip.
.
A
B
Channel Inputs
Trim & Phase
Input Select
Any
Order
Function
2 of 8
1
7
Delay
Function
2 of 7
Meter
Function
3 of 7
Insert
Function
4 of 7
EQ
Function
5 of 7
Filters
Function
6 of 7
DYN
Key
Link
Function
7 of 7
Pre-Fader
Output
Fader
& Mute
Post-Fader
Direct Output
Solo
PFL/AFL
Aux
Sends
Grp
Pan/Route
System Buses
8.3
Channels and Strips
Mix
Pan/Route
Figure 8-8 Channel processor order and patch points
107
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
To display the configuration controls for processor order and patch points:
1.
Press the Input function key to assign the Input controls to the knobs.
2.
Press both cfg WX keys simultaneously to display the configuration pages for
patching and processor order on the knobset.
The cfg keys flash in configuration mode.
3.
8.3.1
Use the WX keys individually to display the two configuration pages.
Channel Patch Points
The first configuration page allows sources to be assigned to the Key, A, and B inputs.
Each input has identical controls.
All patch points can be set in PatchNet (see Console I/O on page 46).
To change the source to the A input:
1.
Press the A Input knob switch.
A scrolling list appears on the TFT display above the Strip.
2.
Use the switches to the left of the knob to display other groups of sources.
These switches function as page up/down keys in this mode.
Each group is an internal digital or MADI connection that can contain up to 56
audio sources. For example, one group could be mic inputs, another inputs
from a digital multitrack machine.
3.
When the desired group is located, use the knob to scroll the list to highlight
the correct input.
4.
Press the knob switch to select that input.
5.
Exit configuration mode by pressing both cfg WX keys simultaneously (they
stop flashing).
108
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.3.2
Channels and Strips
Channel Processor Order
Enter the configuration mode as described in Section 8.3 on page 107. Press the cfg X
key to display the processor order page. The current order is indicated by the knob display (top = first). To change the order:
1.
Press the knob switch for the processor to re-order.
The knob LED flashes and the processor order is displayed on the TFT screen
above the Strip. The fader, which becomes the controller to select the order,
jumps to a position that reflects the current order.
2.
Move the fader up/down to select that processor’s new position.
The screen changes to reflect the new order.
Abort selection
on
Accept selection
Wave key
12
6
Fader scrolls
through list
0
6
Figure 8-9 Changing processor order
3.
When that processor’s position is correct, press the fader Select/Punch key
(above the Wave key) to accept the new order.
The knob display changes only after pressing the Select/Punch key.
Press the switch next to the Channel On key to abort the selection.
8.3.3
Insert Point
Each channel can have an insert point with a send and return that can be patched with
PatchNet. The insert point can be anywhere among the six processors (Delay, Metering,
EQ, Filters, Dynamics, and Fader) and can be considered as another processor.
The insert point can be switched in/out using the Ins In key next to the Strip’s function
keys or from the third Input knobset page.
109
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.4
Channels and Strips
Channel Processing Functions
System 5 provides flexible and complete programmable functions for each channel:
Input, Dynamics, EQ, Filters, Aux Sends, and Panning.
8.4.1
Inputs
Each channel has an A and B input. See Section 8.3.1 on page 108 to learn about assigning
sources for these inputs. The Inpt knob (bottom) can feed A, B, or A+B to the channel.
These two inputs can be used in many ways but a common application is one Mic and
one Line. Another common use is for monitor inputs: Channel 1A is from the Group 1
Bus output while 1B is from the recorder’s track 1 output. The A/B source switch then
acts as a bus/tape switch.
Press the Input function key to display the input controls on the knobset (Figure 8-10).
Press the X key to display the B input page with the same controls as the A input. Press
the X key again to display the Signal Processing In/Out page.
Atrm and Aphs have corresponding controls for the B input; Dly and Inp adjust one
parameter that applies to both inputs.
HiZ
48V
Dly
HPF
Mtr
Gain
Ins
Atrm
EQ
Aphs
Filt
Dly
Dyn
Inp
Fad
Analog Controls
Digital Controls
Page keys display
Input B and Signal Processing
In/Out pages
g
Figure 8-10 Input A (left) and Signal Processing In/Out (right) knobsets
110
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Analog Controls
If an ML530 Mic/Line Interface is patched to the input, the top four knobs show the
analog mic/line controls:
•
The top knob display shows whether the input is high or low impedance
(HiZ = line; LowZ = mic). Press the lower switch to the left of the knob to
toggle between values.
•
The second knob display shows whether the 48 V phantom power is on/off.
Press the lower switch to the left of the knob to toggle phantom power on/off.
•
The third knob display shows whether the high-pass filter is on/off. Press the
lower switch to the left of the knob to toggle the HPF on/off.
•
The fourth knob controls the analog input gain. Spin the knob to adjust the gain
between -12 and +72 dB.
NOTE: If an ML530 Mic/Line Interface is not patched to the input, the top four knobs
are blank.
Digital Controls
The bottom four knobs control the digital parameters of the A and B inputs:
•
The Atrm knob adjusts the digital trim ±15 dB.
•
Aphs controls the phase of the A input. Press the lower switch to the left of the
knob to toggle the phase. The switch lights to indicate phase reversal. Phase reversal is indicated on the TFT screen above the Strip.
•
Dly controls the delay for both inputs. Press the lower switch to the left of the
knob to enable the delay. The switch lights to indicate the delay is active. Then
rotate the knob to adjust the delay in the range 0–2160 samples.
•
The Inpt knob selects between A, B, and A+B. The selection is indicated on
the TFT screen above the Strip.
111
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Stereo Controls
There are two additional controls used for stereo channels (see Multi Format Masters
on page 130).
HiZ
48V
Dly
HPF
Mtr
Gain
Ins
Trim
Swap
Bal
EQ
Filt
LTM
RTM
Dly
Aphs
Dyn
Inp
Bphs
Fad
Page keys display
second page and Signal
Processing In/Out page
Figure 8-11 Stereo Controls
112
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
•
Channels and Strips
Balance: Rotate the Bal knob left to hear more of the left channel; rotate right
to hear more of their right channel. Rotate left or right until the display reads
100L or 100R to hear only the left or right channel.
Left-to-mono: Press the upper key next to the Bal knob to send the left channel
equally to both the left and right sides of the stereo channel.
Right-to-mono: Press the lower key next to the Bal knob to send the right
channel equally to both the left and right sides of the stereo channel.
Both-to-mono: Press both keys next to the Bal knob to send a mono mix of
both channels equally to both sides of the stereo channel. The Bal knob then
adjusts the mix between left and right channels.
•
Swap: Press the lower key to reverse the left and right channels.
Signal Processing In/Out
Press the X key (once from the B Input page, twice from the A Input page) to display the
Signal Processing In/Out page. The four lower knobs show the four processors; the
signal path is from top to bottom. Press the lower button to the left of the knob to toggle
the In/Out status of that processor; the switch lights when the processor is in.
NOTE: The function In/Out switches to the left of the Strip’s function switches also
toggle the processors In/Out.
See Section 8.3.2 on page 109 to learn how to change the processor order.
8.4.2
Dynamics
Each channel has a compressor/expander/gate with external key input and filtered
sidechain. Press the Dyn function key to assign Dynamics to the knobset; the TFT
display at the top of the Strip shows the dynamics graph (yellow when dynamics are In,
gray when bypassed). The red dot is a GainBall that shows the signal’s current gain
(y-axis) and the attack and release times as the ball rides up and down the curve.
The entire Dynamics section may be switched in/out with the Dyn In key to the left of
the Strip’s function keys. The Expander/Gate and Compressor can be switched in/out
individually on their respective knobset configuration pages. Use the knob to adjust the
parameters. Each section discusses the effect, if any, of the switches.
The first Dynamics page (Figure 8-12) shows the main controls for both the compressor
and expander/gate. Press the X key to display pages with the complete parameters for
Expander/Gate, Compressor, and Sidechain/filters.
See Section 8.3.1 - Channel Patch Points to see how to patch the sidechain, which can
be sent to any source. Patching the sidechain can also be done in PatchNet.
113
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Compressor/Expander (Page 1)
The knobs have four compressor and four expander parameters (Figure 8-12). The
knobs with two parameters listed (i.e., cThr/cKne) toggle between parameters by
pressing the upper switch to the left of the knob.
The lower switch next to the cRat knob switches the compressor in/out. The lower
switch next to the xRat knob switches the expander in/out.
CRel
CAtk
CKne
CThr
CRat
Compressor In/Out
XRel
XHld
XAtk
XKne
XThr
XRat
Expander In/Out
Page keys display
Expander/Gate, Compressor
and Sidechain pages
cfg
Figure 8-12 Dynamics knobset page 1
114
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Expander/Gate (Page 2)
The expander parameters are shown in Figure 8-13.
xHys: Hysteresis (dB) sets the level that the gain of the expander must fall below
to turn off. This prevents the expander from turning on and off if the level hovers around the threshold.
xKne: knee (0–30)
xRat: ratio (infinity:1 = gate)
The lower switch next to the xRat knob switches the expander in/out.
Expander/Gate ( page 2)
Compressor/Limiter (page 3) Sidechain/filters (page 4)
xHys
Hysterisis (dB)
cGM
xHld
Hold time (ms)
Gain Makeup (dB)
cDpt
xDpt
Depth(dB)
cRel
xRel
Release time (ms)
DFfr
cAtk
xAtk
Attack time (ms)
cKne
xKne
Dynamics
Filter
DFtp
Sidechain
filter type
Knee (dB)
SC
cThr
xThr
Threshold (dB)
xRat
Expander
In/Out
Infinity:1 =
Gate
cfg
Sidechain
source
Sidechain
Infinity:1 =
Hard Limiter
Ratio
Sidechain
filter frequency
Compressor
In/Out
Type
cRat
Sidechain
detector type
cfg
cfg
Page keys display other
Dynamics pages
Figure 8-13 Expander/Gate, Compressor, and Sidechain/filters knobset pages
115
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Compressor (Page 3)
The compressor parameters are shown in Figure 8-13.
cGM: gain makeup (dB)
cKne: knee (0–30)
cRat: ratio (infinity:1 = hard limiter)
The lower switch next to the cRat knob switches the compressor in/out.
Sidechain/Filters (Page 4)
The Sidechain/Filters knobset page is shown in Figure 8-13.
DFfr: Dynamics Filter; sidechain filter frequency (range = 20 Hz to 21 kHz)
DFtp: Dynamics Filter; sidechain filter type:
(HPF, LPF, BPF, NTCH, OFF-default)
SC: sidechain source (channel, key, link)
Type: sidechain detector type (peak, average for meter display)
The lower switch next to the SC knob activates sidechain listen mode for that channel.
116
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.4.3
Channels and Strips
Equalizers and Filters
Each channel has a four-band, parametric equalizer and two filters. Press the EQ function switch to display the EQ controls on the knobset. Press the X key to display the
Filters page (Figure 8-14).
HiQ
HiF
HiG
F2tp
High band In/Out
HmQ
Filter 2In/Out
HmF
F2Q
HmG
F2fr
High-mid band In/Out
Listen
LmF
LmQ
LmG
F1tp
Low-mid band In/Out
LoQ
Filter 1In/Out
LoF
F1Q
LoG
F1fr
Listen
Low band In/Out
Page keys display
Filters or EQ pages
Figure 8-14 EQ and Filters knobsets
117
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Parametric EQ
Each parametric EQ band has two knobs: one shared between frequency and Q and another for gain. Press the upper switch to the left of any of the frequency knobs to toggle
between Q and frequency. Use the gain knob to adjust the gain for that band. The lower
switch to the left of the gain knob switches that band In/Out.
The four bands are identical (20.5 Hz – 21 kHz) except the HiF and LoF bands can be
either peak or shelf filters. Press the lower of the switches to the left of the HiF or LoF
knob to toggle between peak (switch lights green) and shelf (no light). Note that this
switch indication is present only when displaying frequency on this knob, not Q.
The gain can be adjusted in approximately 1/8 dB increments in the range -24 to +24 dB.
As the gain is changed from 0, the LEDs light dimly from the center LED in the direction turned (clockwise = boost); the level is indicated by a bright LED. The LEDs light
for every change of 2 dB.
Q can be adjusted in the range 0.2–12 (higher number corresponds to narrower bandwidth). At a given Q setting, changing the gain affects the bandwidth slightly: the bandwidth decreases as gain increases. This creates a wider area of boost/cut at low gain and
allows a more natural sound as gain changes without altering the Q. At full boost or cut,
the bandwidth is measured 3 dB down from the center frequency.
NOTE: You can use the EQ graph on the TFT display to create a filter in any desired
bandwidth.
Since Q and Frequency share the same knob, both parameters are indicated on the knob
LEDs: Frequency is indicated by a dim LED at its proportional position from first to
last LED. For example, 10 kHz would be approximately in the middle. Q is indicated
by bright LEDs extending to either side of the frequency LED.
NOTE: These LED indicators are for fast reference use only; consult the LCD and TFT
displays for accurate values.
The TFT screen above the Strip shows the resultant EQ curve (yellow when active, gray
when bypassed).
118
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Filters
Two filters are available on each channel. Each filter can be one of four filter types:
high-pass filter (HPF), low-pass filter (LPF), band-pass filter (BPF), and notch filter
(NTCH). The knobs are used to control the two filters that can be active at one time. The
displays are F2tp (filter 2 type), F2Q(filter 2 Q), F2fr (filter 2 frequency), F1tp (filter 1
type), F1Q(filter 1 Q) and F1fr (filter 1 frequency). Select a filter type by rotating the
knob. Disable the filter by selecting OFF. Rotate the frequency knob to select the filter
frequency. Rotate the Q knob to change Q for a notch filter or bandwidth for a bandpass filter. Each filter can be switched In/Out separately. The filters are not attached to
the EQ.
See Section 8.3.2 on page 109 to learn how to change the EQ’s signal path order.
Filter Q is variable from 0.2 to 12.
To help find problematic frequencies, the Notch filter can be put into a listen mode
which temporarily changes the filter to band-pass by pressing the Listen key next to the
frequency knob. The listen setting is not saved in the Title and is not automated. Listen
defaults to Off.
8.4.4
Aux Sends
The number of Aux sends available depends on the number of cards in the DF64 and
the current Mixer Model. See Mixer Model on page 56 to learn about these issues.
The CM401 Center Section module has a Group/Aux Strip used for Aux Master functions.
See Section 7.2 - Bus Master Functions for general information and Section 7.2.5 Group and Aux Busses to learn how to set up mono and stereo Aux busses.
Aux Sends can be mono or stereo odd/even pairs (i.e., 1/2 not 2/3). Each Aux Send can
be configured as pre- or post-fader from the Aux Send Config page (Figure 8-15).
Aux Send Knobsets
Figure 8-15 shows the first eight Aux busses with Aux Sends 1/2 and 7/8 set as stereo
pairs and others are mono. Press the X key to display additional busses. Stereo busses
use two knobs:
•
The Pan knob (top) adjusts the stereo Pan and its lower-left button switches Pan
in/out.
•
The Gain knob (labeled with the send numbers) adjusts the overall Gain for
both sends and its lower-left button switches the pair in/out.
Mono busses use one Gain knob and its lower-left button switches the send in/out.
119
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Aux Send Knobset
Channels and Strips
Aux Send Pre/Post Fader Config
Pan
Pan
Aux 1 and 2 Pan
Pan in/out
1/2
1/2
Aux 1 and 2 Gain
on/off
3
Aux 3 Gain
on/off
Pre/post fader
select for stereo
pair
3
Post: button lights green
Pre/post fader
select for mono
bus
4
4
Aux 4 Gain
on/off
5
5
Aux 5 Gain
on/off
6
6
Aux 6 Gain
on/off
Pan
Pan
Aux 7 and 8 Pan
in/out
7/8
7/8
Aux 7 and 8 Gain
on/off
cfg
Press a page key to display
additional Aux Send pages
(if more than eight)
cfg
Press both Page keys simultaneously
to display pre/post config page
Figure 8-15 Aux Send Knobset and pre/post config pages
120
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Aux Send Config
Aux Sends may be individually set to pre- or post-fader or can be easily set globally.
To set each Aux Bus individually:
1.
Press the Aux function key to display the Aux Bus knobset.
2.
Press both cfg WX keys simultaneously to display the Pre/Post Fader Config
page.
The keys flash to indicate config mode.
3.
Press the lower-left button beside each Gain knob to toggle the pre- or post-fader
status for that send (or pair for stereo).
The button lights green to indicate post-fader and does not light for pre-fader.
All Aux busses are set to post-fader by default.
To set multiple Aux sends to receive their channels pre- or post-fader:
1.
Hold down a Strip’s Wave key and press the Clear key at the top of that Strip
(above the top knob’s display) to activate All mode.
All appears above Clear.
2.
Press the Aux function key on that Strip to display Aux on all knobsets.
3.
Press both cfg WX keys simultaneously on that Strip.
The Pre/Post Fader Config page is displayed on all knobsets. The cfg WX keys
flash to indicate config mode.
4.
Press the pre/post keys (lower-left button) for each Aux send you wish to set.
5.
Repeat for each channel
Another option is to copy/paste to other channels. After setting one channel to the desired
pre/post status for each Aux Send in Step 4 above:
1.
Press and hold down the Wave key and press the W Copy key on the channel
just set.
The channel dims to show it awaits selection of items to copy.
2.
Press the Strip’s Aux switch to select all Aux parameters (pre/post, levels, and
on/off states).
3.
On the channel you wish to paste to, press and hold down the Wave key and
press the Paste X key.
After the first paste, the copied channel undims but you can continue pasting to
other channels.
121
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.4.5
Channels and Strips
Pan
System 5 is not limited to a single pan format and one pan control per channel imposed
by the traditional analog console. System 5 allows the following pan formats (also
called pan laws): mono, stereo, LCR, LCRS, 5.1, 6.1, and 7.1.
A single panner can control several different Mix or Group busses at once, each with different formats. See Section 7.3 - Mix and Group Bus Setup to learn how to assign Mix
and Group Bus formats.
Pan Knobsets
Press the Pan function key to assign the Pan parameters to the knobset (Figure 8-16).
See Section 8.5.1 - Group Bus Routing and/or Section 8.5.2 - Mix Bus Routing to review
how to use the Pan to: switch to insert Pan.
Pan (page 1)
Pan (page 2)
Rot8
Rotate
on/off
FocF
Focus front
on/off
DivF
Divergence front
on/off
NonB
non-Boom level
in/out
DivS
Boom
Boom level
in/out
FocS
PanR
Pan rear
in/out
Focus Surround
in/out
DivR
Srnd
Front:Surround Pan
in/out
Divergence Surround
in/out
Divergence Rear
in/out
FocR
PanF
Width
Pan front
in/out
Focus Rear
in/out
cfg
cfg
Page keys display other
Dynamics pages
Figure 8-16 Pan Knobsets
122
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Page 1
Rotate (Rot8): Allows circular panning.
Focus Front (FocF): This parameter requires at least three speakers to function. Focus
ranges from 0–100%. At 100%, the signal has a pinpoint image: as the signal is panned,
it crossfades directly from one channel to the next, completely fading from the first before entering the third. As Focus decreases, the signal blurs across multiple channels:
the signal moves from channel one into two, and then begins crossfading into channel
three before channel one has completely faded out. This results in smoother, dynamically panned objects across the sound field.
0% Focus eliminates the center channel from the pan range entirely. The pan control
still functions, although the signal crossfades directly from bus one to bus three. One
use of 0% Focus is to create phantom-centered images, where the signal is sourced
equally from the left and right front speakers instead of directly from the center speaker.
Divergence Front (DivF): This parameter requires at least three speakers to function.
Divergence ranges from 0–100%. At 100%, panning works as expected: Panned to
maximum left, there is no signal present in the right or center channels; at the center
position, no signal is present in the left or right channel, etc. As the Divergence is decreased, the degree of panning is decreased: The signal level increases in channels that
previously had no signal and the difference in signal level between channels decreases.
The purpose of Divergence is to allow someone listening on the extreme left or right to
hear a sound panned fully to the other side. For example, at 50% Divergence, a sound
panned fully left will retain approximately half its signal level in the right channel compared to the left.
Non-Boom Level (nonB): The level to all channels except the Boom channel. For example, in 5.1-channel format, the Non-Boom level applies to L, C, R, Ls, Rs.
Boom Level (Boom): The level to only the Boom channel. For example, in 5.1-channel
format, the Boom level applies to only the subwoofer channel.
Pan Rear (PanR): Same as PanF for rear speakers.
Front:Surround Pan (Srnd): Controls the front-to-surround levels without changing
the individual front or surround pan settings.
Pan Front (PanF): Controls the front channel levels only (i.e., in 5.1-channel format,
pan applies to L, C, R).
123
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Page 2
Divergence Surround (DivS): Same as Divergence Front.
Focus Surround (FocS): Same as Focus Front.
Divergence Rear (DivR): Same as Divergence Front.
Focus Rear (FocR): Same as Focus Front.
Pan Graph
When the Pan parameters are on the knobset, a pan graph appears on the TFT screen
showing the two-dimensional position (front:surround and left:right) for that channel.
Figure 8-17 Pan graph
Track Panner Module
The Track Panner Module is a four-Strip wide optional addition to the System 5 console. It controls the Pan of a channel, Multi Format Master, or Control Group assigned
to the Center Strip. Press a Strip’s Wave key to assign it to the Center Strip; the active
channel’s Pan is automatically controlled by the Track Panner Module.
The switch to the lower left of the trackball is the Select/Punch key for the trackball
panner. The switch to the lower right of the trackball provides the same function as the
Pan function key on the assigned channel: the Pan parameters are assigned to the knobset and the Pan graph appears in the TFT display.
See Joystick Module on page 210 to learn more about the CM403’s joystick functions.
124
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
8.5
Channels and Strips
Channel Mixing Functions
The number of Group or Mix busses available depends on the number of cards in the
DF64 and the current Mixer Model. See Mixer Model on page 56 to learn more.
8.5.1
Group Bus Routing
System 5’s group busses route signals to multitracks, DAWs, and sub-groups. The center section (CM401) has a mix/group/aux master Strip that controls the master Group
functions (see Chapter 7: Busses and Bus Masters).
Route a Channel to a Group Bus
To route the post-fader channel signal to a group bus, press the GRP route key below
the function switches (Figure 8-18). This assigns the Group routing parameters to the
knobset. Two Group busses are displayed per knob (i.e., 1/2, 3/4, etc.). Since the display
shows only four characters, Group 11/12 is displayed as 11/2.
Pan to:
Pan
G
R
P
Chan
Select
route
M
I
X
swap
Figure 8-18 GRP and MIX route switches
The upper switch to the left of each knob assigns the first of the two Groups in the
display, the lower switch assigns the second (i.e., for 1/2, upper switch assigns 1, lower
assigns 2). Group busses can be assigned in pairs from the switch in the center of the
knob. The keys light to indicate this channel is assigned to that Group Bus.
Press the Pan to: key to switch Pan in/out for the Group Buss. This key is active only
when accessing the Mix or Group Bus routing pages. The key lights dimly in other
modes to show that Pan is active in Mix and/or Group Bus routing. The GRP route key
also lights dimly in other modes to show that channel is assigned to one or more Group
Busses.
125
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Channels and Strips
Press the X key to display additional Group Routing pages (if there are more than 16
Group busses in this configuration) or the last page, which has the GSL (Group Send
Level) controls on the bottom knob. The upper switch to the left of the GSL knob is the
Select/Punch key allowing all Group busses to be selected or punched in at once. The
lower switch to the left of the GSL knob is the Group Send on/off key. The knob adjusts the master level for all Group busses.
8.5.2
Mix Bus Routing
There are 16 Mix Bus sections comprised of individual busses in a defined pan format.
For example, one section with an LCRS format uses four busses, another section with
a 5.1 format uses six busses. A system with 16 mix busses could have eight sections
each with a stereo format.
Route a Channel to a Mix Section
To route the post-fader channel signal to a Mix bus, press the MIX route key below the
function switches (Figure 8-18). This assigns the first eight Mix sections that have been
defined in eMix to the knobset. Press the X key to display additional Mix Routing pages if there are more than eight.
•
The upper switch to the left of each knob allows changing the automation
mode. Hold the Wave key down and press the switch to cycle through the
modes.
•
The lower switch to the left of the knob assigns that section.
•
The knob center switch brings the individual busses of that mix section to the
knobset.
Assignments and pan settings are remembered when routing is toggled off and on.
When an individual section is assigned to the knobset, the lower switch to the left of the
knob toggles that bus on/off.
Press the Pan to: key to switch Pan in/out for the Mix sections. This key is active only
when accessing the Mix or Group Bus routing pages. The key lights dimly in other
modes to show that Pan is active in Mix and/or Group routing. The MIX route key also
lights dimly in other modes to show that channel is assigned to one or more busses.
126
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 9: Control Groups and
Multi Format Masters
9.1
Control Groups
System 5 supports Control Groups which allow a Group Master channel to control
multiple slave channels. Control Groups are similar to traditional VCA Groups. The
Group Master channel can be assigned to a strip just like any other channel. The most
common use of a Control Group is to control similar channels from one strip. For example, a single master fader can be used to change the fader level of all announcer mics.
System 5 allows up to 48 Control Groups, each of which can control the following
channel settings: Fader, On/Off, Pan, Aux, Filters, EQ, Dynamics and Input.
The relative fader level of each slave channel can be individually set and the master
channel preserves these relative fader levels as the master fader is altered. This allows
all slave channels to be smoothly faded out by bringing down the master fader. The
Groups Panel (Figure 9-1) provides the interface to configure the settings. Empty Control Groups are displayed with dim illumination (G5–G24). Press the Page keys to display the two sets of 24 Control Groups.
127
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Control Groups and Multi Format Masters
Groups
Strg
G13
Vox
G14
Drms
G15
Guit
G16
G5
G17
G6
G18
G7
G19
G8
G20
G9
G21
G10
G22
G11
G23
G12
G24
Page
Main
Panel
New
Create New
Group
Info
Mod
Modify
Group
Clr
Name
Clear
Group
Rename
Group
Coal
Coalesce
Group
Figure 9-1 Groups Panel
9.1.1
Create Control Group
1.
Press the New key at the bottom-left of the Groups Panel (Figure 9-1).
2.
Select the slave channels by pressing their Chan Select keys.
The Chan Select keys flash to show they are included in the Control Group.
Press the Chan Select key again to remove it from the Control Group. The
Slave LED lights.
3.
Press a Control Group key in the Groups Panel.
The Name key flashes to show the Control Group is ready to be named from
the keyboard (four characters maximum).
Other Groups can be included as slaves but a slave from another Control Group cannot
be included in the new Control Group.
128
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
9.1.2
Control Groups and Multi Format Masters
Place Control Group on Strip
Assigning a Control Group to a Strip is identical to assigning any other channel; Groups
appear in the list when assigning a channel (see Section 8.1.1 - Map Channels and Control Groups to Strips). The Master LED lights when a Control Group is assigned to a
channel.
9.1.3
Modify Control Group
1.
Press the Mod key at the bottom-left of the Groups Panel (Figure 9-1).
The Mod key flashes.
2.
Press the Control Group key to be modified.
The Control Group key flashes to show it is ready to be modified. The Chan
Select keys flash for all channels assigned to that Control Group. The appropriate Swap/Main must be active to see the Chan Select key flash.
9.1.4
3.
Press the flashing Chan Select keys to delete them from the Control Group and
non-flashing Chan Select keys to add them.
4.
Exit this mode by pressing Mod again, another Control Group key, or any key
that accesses the Panel Viewer.
Name Control Group
1.
Press the Name key at the bottom of the Groups Panel.
The Name key begins flashing.
9.1.5
2.
Press the key for the Control Group you wish to rename.
3.
Name the Control Group from the keyboard (maximum four characters).
Clear Control Group
1.
Press the Clr key at the bottom of the Groups Panel.
The Clr key begins flashing.
2.
Press the key for the Control Group you wish to clear.
All slaves are deleted from the Control Group, the name reverts to the default
(G#), and the display dims to show it is empty.
129
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
9.1.6
Control Groups and Multi Format Masters
Coalesce Control Group
This operation takes automation from the Control Group master and transfers it to the
slaves. The audio result is identical to before the coalesce; the Control Group remains
intact.
1.
Press the Coal key at the bottom of the Groups Panel.
The Coal key begins flashing.
2.
9.2
Press the key for the Control Group you wish to coalesce.
Multi Format Masters
A Multi Format Master allows stereo, LCRS, 5.1, 6.1, and 7.1 channels to be built from
mono channels. The Multi Format Master channel can be assigned to a Strip just like a
normal channel. There can be up to 48 Multi Format Master channels.
The most common use of Multi Format Masters is to implement stereo channels. Stereo
channels have the following additional controls: Balance, LTM (Left to Mono), RTM
(Right to Mono), Left/Right Swap. A both-to-mono function is available by pressing
both the RTM and LTM keys. For more information, see Stereo Controls on page 112.
A Multi Format master channel must be set up first in PatchNet:
1.
Click the Masters tab at the bottom of the window.
Figure 9-2 Masters Screen
130
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
2.
Control Groups and Multi Format Masters
Select the channels to include in the master channel by left-clicking and dragging
across the desired channels.
The selected channels are now highlighted.
3.
Right-click on any highlighted channel to select their channel format.
To group discontinuous channels into a multi-format master, right-click each
channel and select the same format.
In PatchNet, the dynamics automatically link stereo, LCRS, 5.1, 6.1, or 7.1 channels.
Place the master on a channel strip like a normal channel:
1.
Press the Masters key from the Main Panel.
2.
Select a master channel and assign it to a Strip.
All Multi Format channels have a pan width control activated by the upper switch to the
left of the PanF knob. Multi Format masters can be automated just like a mono channel.
9.3
Spill Area
The Spill function allows temporarily assigns the slaves channels of a Control Group to
predefined Strips:
1.
Press the Strips key in the Main Panel.
2.
Press the Spill Select key in the Strips Panel.
3.
Press the Wave key on each Strip to include in the Spill area.
The Spill area is now specified.
4.
Press the Chan Select key on a master to spill its slaves into the selected Spill
area.
5.
To deassign the slaves and restore the previous channels, press either the master or
slave’s Chan Select key.
131
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
9.4
Control Groups and Multi Format Masters
Control Groups or Multi Format Masters
This section presents general information to help decide whether to use a Control Group
or Multi Format Master for a given task.
If you need to adjust individual parameters on the slave channels, use a Control Group.
Multi Format Master channels are set up with all functions on the slave channels
switched in. Therefore, adjusting the EQ on the Multi Format Master channel affects all
the slave channels. Adjusting parameters on the Control Group Master affects the slave
channels only if that function is switched in at the slave when the Control Group was
created or subsequently. For example, adjusting EQ on a Control Group master has no
effect on the slave channel unless the slave channel’s EQ is switched in.
If a VT is playing a stereo format, use a Multi Format Master because they include dedicated stereo functions: LTM, RTM, Balance and Swap (see Stereo Controls on page
112).
If the VT is playing dual mono signals (i.e., dialog and music), use a Control Group or
just two mono channels because you may want to apply different EQ and compression
settings to each signal. Use a Control Group to control multiple mics on a similar source
(i.e., crowd or drums).
To summarize:
•
True stereo source: Multi Format Master (do not adjust the slave channels)
•
Dual mono: Control Group (adjust functions on the slave channels)
•
Multiple similar signals: Control Group (adjust functions on the slave channels)
132
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 10: Layouts and Snapshots
System 5 performs several mix-management functions significantly faster than any predigital mixing system:
•
The PatchNet digital signal patching system (see Chapter 4: eMix Application)
can save a complex patch system for each Title.
•
Automation (see Chapter 13: Dynamic Automation) allows virtually all settings
to be recorded, refined, and replayed with unprecedented precision.
Snapshots and Layouts further extend this model of flexibility by storing different, but
complementary, information that describes the console state at a given time:
•
Layouts store the channel-to-strip mapping.
For example, channel 8 is mapped to Strip 3 Main level.
•
Snapshots store the settings of selected channel functions and settings, even if
they are not currently assigned to the console surface.
For example, a Snapshot that contains Channel 3’s EQ and Dynamics will restore the values to both functions, regardless of the current knobset function.
Snapshots and Layouts naturally complement each other because their information,
while related, does not overlap: Layouts map channels to Strips and Snapshots determine
all, or part of, their channel settings.
Naming, storing, modifying, and recalling functions are accomplished through the
Snapshot and Layout Panels, accessed from the Main Panel.
133
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
10.1
Layouts and Snapshots
Layouts
A system with 24 Strips and 96 channels cannot map all channels to the console surface
at once. Since each Strip can have two channels (Main and Swap), two Layouts are required to map all 96 channels:
1.
Channels 1–24 to Strips 1–24 Main
Channels 25–48 to Strips 1–24 Swap
2.
Channels 49–72 to Strips 1–24 Main
Channels 73–96 to Strips 1–24 Swap
A group of channels sharing a common attribute that are normally required on the console at the same time (i.e., drums, vocals, or dialogue) are ideally stored in a Layout.
The Layouts Panel provides the interface to name, store, modify, and recall up to 48
channel-to-strip maps.
10.1.1
Create a New Layout
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Layout key to display the Layout Panel.
The button beside the last Layout recalled is illuminated.
2.
Press the New key at the bottom-left of the Layout Panel.
The key flashes to signify creation of a new Layout.
3.
Select the channels to include in the new Layout:
Press the ALL key at the bottom-right of the Layout Panel to select all console
Strips.
Or
Press the Wave key for each Strip to include in the Layout.
134
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Layouts and Snapshots
Layouts
Ch 1-48
L 13
Ch 49-96
L 14
Vocal 1
L 15
Vocal 2
L 16
Drums
L 17
Guitar
L 18
Strings
L 19
Horns
L 20
Dialogue
L 21
BackVox
L 22
Efx
L 23
Expl
L 24
⇐ Page ⇒
RCL
ALL
Main
Panel
New
Info
Mod
Clr
Name
Figure 10-1 Layouts Panel
4.
To store the new Layout, press the key corresponding to the layout you wish to
save in the Layout Panel.
Unused locations are darkened and have a default name (L #). In Figure 10-1,
the first unused location is L 13.
The New key darkens and the Name key illuminates.
5.
Use the console keyboard to name the new Layout.
135
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
10.1.2
Layouts and Snapshots
Recall a Layout
To recall a single Layout:
1.
If the RCL key is not lit, press it once so it flashes.
2.
Press the location key for the desired Layout.
The Layout reconfigures the console surface and the RCL key turns off.
It can be useful to recall several Layouts consecutively to decide which to work with:
1.
If the RCL key is not lit, press it twice so it illuminates but does not flash.
If the RCL key is flashing, press it once.
2.
Press the location key for the desired Layout.
The Layout reconfigures the console surface and the RCL key remains illuminated for another Recall selection.
10.1.3
Modify a Layout
1.
Press the Mod key at the bottom of the Layout Panel so it flashes.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Layout you wish to modify.
The key begins flashing and the Wave keys for Strips in this Layout illuminate.
3.
Press an illuminated Wave key to exclude a Strip currently in the Layout.
4.
Press an unlit Wave key to include a new Strip in the Layout.
The Wave key begins flashing.
10.1.4
5.
Press the Layout’s key again to store changes to this Layout.
6.
Press the Mod key again to exit the modification process.
Rename a Layout
1.
Press the Name key at the bottom of the Layout Panel so it begins flashing.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Layout to rename; that key also flashes.
3.
Use the console keyboard to rename the Layout (eight characters maximum) and
press Enter to exit the process.
You can also press the Layout’s key or the Name key again to store the new
name and exit the renaming process.
136
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
10.1.5
Layouts and Snapshots
Delete a Layout
1.
Press the Clr key at the bottom of the Layout Panel so it begins flashing.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Layout to delete.
That key’s display darkens and the name returns to the default (i.e., L #).
10.2
Snapshots
A Snapshot stores selected channel functions, switch states, fader and pan settings, and
routings for a selected number of channels. System 5 provides easy methods to store:
•
An individual function parameter or switch state;
•
The current Knobset function;
•
All functions from one or more channels;
•
All functions from all channels currently on console surface;
•
All functions in all channels in mixer model.
The number of Snapshots that can be stored within System 5’s pre-defined memory area
depends on the content of each Snapshot. There are 240 storage locations but only a
fraction of these can be used in the largest console configuration, with all settings stored
for all channels.
10.2.1
Create a New Snapshot
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Snapshot key to display the Snapshot Panel.
The button beside the last Snapshot recalled is illuminated.
2.
Press the New key at the bottom-left of the Snapshot Panel.
The New key flashes to signify creation of a new Snapshot.
3.
Select the function(s) to include in the Snapshot using any of the following
methods:
Individual Function or Channel Parameter
Press a Strip function’s parameter key or switch to select only that parameter
(i.e., High EQ, fader on/off, etc.).
Current Knobset Function
Press the Knobset Select switch at the top-right of the Strip or the Func Sel
switch (to the left of the * key) to select all parameters for the current knobset
function in the current channel (Main or Swap).
137
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Layouts and Snapshots
Individual Channels
Press the Chan Select key for each channel to include in the Snapshot. All
channel settings are included but only for the active layer (Main or Swap).
All Strips on Console Surface
Press the Strps key at the bottom of the Snapshot Panel to select all Knobset
functions and switches for all Strips (both Main and Swap channels) currently
on the surface.
Or
All Functions in All Channels in Mixer Model
Press the ALL key at the bottom-right of the Snapshot Panel to select all
Knobset functions in all console channels (Main and Swap for each channel in
the Mixer Model). The ALL keys in the automation area perform the same
function.
Snapshots
Drum mix
Jul10
Drums 2
Jul1 1
Vocal 1
1st Mix
Vocal 2
More vocals
R-1 1-24
Compress
R-1 25-48
2nd Mix
Gtr dub
3rd Mix
Rough 1
Guitar efx
Rough 2
SS 21
Rough 3
SS 22
Fred drums
SS 23
3348HR
SS 24
Page
Main
Panel
New
RCL
STO
Info
Clr
Name
Figure 10-2 Snapshots Panel
138
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
4.
Layouts and Snapshots
Press an unused key in the Snapshot Panel to store the new Snapshot.
Unused locations are darkened and have a default name SS #. In Figure 10-2,
the first unused location is SS 20. It is not possible to overwrite an existing
Snapshot. To reuse an existing location, delete the Snapshot first (page 140).
The New key darkens and the Name key illuminates.
5.
Use the console keyboard to name the new Snapshot and press Enter.
It is worth mentioning that after a Snapshot is created, there is no method to determine
its exact contents. For this reason, we recommend storing complete channels and using
a descriptive name. See Update Snapshot for information about modifying a Snapshot.
10.2.2
Recall a Snapshot
To recall a single Snapshot:
1.
If the RCL key is not lit, press it once so it begins flashing.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Snapshot you wish to recall.
The Snapshot restores the selected settings and the RCL key turns off.
It is sometimes useful to recall several Snapshots consecutively to decide which one to
work with:
1.
If the RCL key is not lit, press it twice so it illuminates. If the RCL key is
flashing, press it once.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Snapshot to recall.
The Snapshot reconfigures the console surface and the RCL key remains illuminated for another selection.
10.2.3
Update Snapshot
If function or switch values in a Snapshot change, they can be updated easily.
1.
Press the STO key at bottom-right of the Snapshot Panel.
The STO key begins flashing.
2.
Press the key for the Snapshot to update.
Only the items from the Snapshot are updated to the current settings.
139
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
10.2.4
Layouts and Snapshots
Rename a Snapshot
1.
Press the Name key at the bottom of the Snapshot Panel so it begins flashing.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Snapshot to rename.
That key flashes.
10.2.5
3.
Use the console keyboard to rename the Snapshot (eight characters maximum).
4.
Press the Enter key on the keyboard, the Snapshot’s key, or Name key again
to store the new name and exit the process.
Delete a Snapshot
1.
Press the Clr key at the bottom of the Snapshot Panel so it begins flashing.
2.
Press the key corresponding to the Snapshot to delete.
That key’s display darkens and the name returns to the default (i.e., SS #).
NOTE: A Snapshot must be deleted before its location can be used again.
140
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 11: Machine Control
The Machine Control Panel in the center section contains System 5’s Transport and
Locate functions.
12:24.03.10
Time
Display
hr
min
bar
sec / ft
beat
fr / msec
tick
00:16.12.04
Mark
In
Mark
Out
locate time
-
+
Delete
Edit
Trim
+
Trim
7
8
9
Cue
Store
Current
Store
Locate
4
5
6
1
2
3
-
Locate
Reg’s
Recal l
0
Clear
Lo c
Enter
Trim
Shuttle
Reh
Jog
Return
Auto
Punch
Rec
Roll
Back
Figure 11-1 Machine Control Panel
141
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
11.1
Machine Control
Transport Controls
Lo c
Trim
Shuttle
Reh
Jog
Return
Auto
Punch
Rec
Roll
Back
Figure 11-2 Transport Controls
The Transport section has the standard Play, Rewind, Fast Forward, Stop, and
Record keys. The following keys provide additional transport functions:
Shuttle
Jog
Press the Shuttle key (it lights) to allow the SpinKnob to move the transport
backwards or forwards. The speed depends on the degree of the SpinKnob’s
rotation. Press the Shuttle key again to deactivate.
Press the Jog key (it lights) to allow the SpinKnob to move the transport
backwards or forwards. The speed depends on the degree of the SpinKnob’s
rotation; maximum rotation moves the transport at the Play speed. This
function is helpful for setting precise edit and cue points. Press the Jog key
again to deactivate.
142
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
11.2
Machine Control
Locate Controls
The Locate controls locate to a precise location rather than moving continuously like
the Transport controls.
12:24.03.10
Time
Display
hr
min
bar
sec / ft
beat
fr / msec
tick
00:16.12.04
Mark
In
Mark
Out
locate time
-
+
Delete
Edit
Trim
+
Trim
7
8
9
Cue
Store
Current
Store
Locate
4
5
6
1
2
3
-
Locate
Reg’s
Recal l
0
Clear
Enter
Figure 11-3 Locator Controls
11.2.1
Time Displays
The Current and Locate Time Displays at the top of Figure 11-3 are an integral part of
the Locate functions. The Current Time Display (top) shows the absolute time code at
the current transport location.
The Locate Time Display (bottom) contains the Locate Time Register value. This
value can be stored to any of the registers displayed in the Locate Registers Panel
(Figure 11-4). Press the Locate Reg’s key below the Locate Time Display to display
the Locate Registers Panel in the Panel Viewer.
143
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Machine Control
Locate Registers
H:M:S:F
Feet + Frames
FF o-set 00:00:00:00
Film Type 35mm
Figure 11-4 Locate Registers Panel
Feet + Frames or H:M:S:F Display
The tape time can be displayed in the H:M:S:F format (the default SMPTE timecode)
or the Feet + Frames format commonly used for film. To choose the format, press the
H:M:S:F or the Feet + Frames key in the Locate Registers Panel to activate that
display format.
Feet + Frames Offset
The FF o-set is applied to incoming timecode only if Feet + Frames is active. The
timecode is displayed without the offset if the H:M:S:F format is active. To set the
FF o-set time:
1.
Enter a timecode into the locate time display using the numeric keypad on the
center section Automation Panel.
The entire time must be entered. When the first numeric key is pressed, the
display clears to enter the new value.
2.
Press Store Locate and then the FF o-set key in Locate Registers Panel to
transfer the locate time to the FF o-set field.
144
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Machine Control
Film Type
The Feet+Frames display can be set to 3 mm, 35 mm 25 Fr, 16 mm, or 16 mm Key
(half-feet).
Entering and Modifying Time Displays
There are three ways to enter a time into the Locate Time Display:
•
Numeric Keypad: Use the numbers along the left of the Machine Control Panel
to enter a time. To enter 5 seconds, press 5, 0, 0, Enter. It is not necessary to
enter leading zeros.
•
Transfer Current Time to Locate Time: Press the downward arrow to the
right of the Current Time Display to transfer it to the Locate Time Display.
•
Recall Key: Press the Recall key (it flashes), then press Pre-Roll, Post-Roll,
Rollback, T/Start, T/End, R/Start or R/End in the Locate Registers Panel
to transfer its value to the Locate Time Display.
There are two ways to modify the Locate Time:
11.2.2
•
Use the Trim + and Trim - keys to add or subtract one frame to or from the
Locate Time.
•
Press the Trim key (it flashes) below the Enter key to use the SpinKnob to modify the Locate Time. Press the Trim key again (to stop flashing) when finished.
Store Locate Value to a Register
Press the Store Locate key (it flashes until destination key pressed) followed by the
Pre-Roll, Post-Roll, Rollback, T/Start, T/End, R/Start or R/End keys to store the
Locate Time to that register. See page 144 to see how to store to the FF o-set key.
11.2.3
Store Current Value to a Register
Press the Store Current key (it flashes until destination key pressed) followed by the
Pre-Roll, Post-Roll, Rollback, T/Start, T/End, R/Start or R/End keys to store the
Current Time to that register. See page 144 to see how to store to the FF o-set key.
Mark In/Mark Out
Press Mark In or Mark Out to capture the Current Time into the R/Start or R/End
parameters, respectively. Press the Store Locate key before pressing Mark In or Mark
Out, to capture the Locate Time instead of the Current Time. Press the Recall key and
then Mark In or Mark Out to recall the stored R/Start or R/End time to the Locate
Time display.
145
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
11.2.4
Machine Control
Locate Key
Press the Loc key to locate the transport to the value in the Locate Time Register.
11.2.5
Return Key
Press the Return key to cycle the transport between the R/Start and R/End locations
(pre- or post-roll times are observed).
11.2.6
Title Start
Locates to the T/Start (Title Start) time set in the Locate Registers Panel
(Figure 11-4).
11.2.7
Cue Points
Each Title can store up to 99 Cue points. To create a new Cue:
1.
Press the Store Locate or Store Current key to use the Locate or Current
Time, respectively.
2.
Press the Cue key (left of Store Current key).
The Cue is placed in the Cue list sorted by increasing timecode values.
Displaying and Using Cue Points
Press the Cue key by itself (lights to show it is active) to display the Cue list on the TFT
screen above the Master section. Use the SpinKnob to scroll through the list. The Current
Cue is highlighted in the list and its value displayed in the Locate Time Display. Press
the Loc key to locate to that Cue Point. Press the Cue key to deactivate it.
NOTE: If any of the Store Locate, Store Current, or Recall keys are flashing to indicate they are waiting for a destination key to be pressed, pressing the Cue key
does not display the Cue list.
Next and Previous Cues
The following keys locate through the Cue List sequentially:
Locates to the previous Cue point.
Locates to the next Cue point.
146
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Machine Control
Editing and Deleting Cue Points
Press the Edit key (flashes when active) to edit the Current Cue Point’s timecode and
name. See Entering and Modifying Time Displays on page 145 to see how to enter and
modify times.
To edit the name, type the new name and press Enter on the Machine Control Panel or
the keyboard. Press Edit again to exit the mode.
Delete a highlighted Cue by pressing the Delete key (next to Edit) or on the keyboard.
147
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
11.3
Machine Control
Track Arming
Track arming from System 5 is controlled in the Machine Setup Panel (Figure 11-5).
Press the Machine Setup button from the Main Panel. The Record in Motion,
Track Arm in Motion, On Transport Stop, and Arm While Stopped each have
two, mutually exclusive settings.
A single serial port of the TT007 (v3.0x or newer software) can provide up to 48 channels
of track arming. Track arming and record tally information is sent to the console and is
used to generate a true track status tally on the surface (top of CM402 and record paddles
in CM403):
•
flashing = armed
•
solid
= recording
Machines - Setup
Record in Motion:
Play + Rec
Rec Only
Track Arm in Motion:
Arm + Rec
Arm Only
On Transport Stop:
Stay Armed
Disarm
Arm While Stopped:
Not Allowed
Allowed
TC Lock: 200 ms
Page
Mach
Main
Panel
Name
Info
Auto
Figure 11-5 Machine Setup Panel
148
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
11.3.1
Machine Control
Record in Motion
These controls affect the recorder while the transport is in motion.
11.3.2
•
Activate the Play + Rec key to place armed tracks into record by pressing the
play and record keys together.
•
Activate the Rec Only key to place armed tracks into record by pressing just
the record key.
Track Arm in Motion
These controls determine what happens when a track arm command is sent while the
transport is moving.
11.3.3
•
Activate the Arm key to send only a track arm command.
•
Activate the Arm + Rec key to send both track arm and a record commands.
On Transport Stop
These controls determine what happens to armed tracks when the transport is stopped.
11.3.4
•
Activate Disarm so armed tracks will be disarmed.
•
Activate Stay Armed to armed tracks stay armed for the next pass.
Arm While Stopped
These controls determine whether tracks can be armed when the transport is stopped.
11.3.5
•
Activate Allowed to allow track arming.
•
Activate Not Allowed to disallow track arming.
TC Lock
TC Lock sets the elapsed time before System 5 locks to the incoming timecode. This
setting accounts for the time required by the tape deck to ramp up to its playback speed.
If System 5 locks to the signal before the playback speed stabilized, the automation will
not properly synchronize with the audio on the tape.
The default TC Lock setting is 1000 ms, which is sufficient for most devices. When
active, TC Lock can be set using the SpinKnob. While it is desirable to set TC Lock
to the minimum time required by the device, it is better to use a longer rather than a
shorter time, to prevent an inaccurate lock before the tape speed has stabilized. We
recommend 200 ms for non-linear operation.
149
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
150
Machine Control
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 12: GPI/O Event System
The event system can program many System 5 features. The following features are very
useful:
•
use a fader to start a cart machine or turn speakers on/off;
•
turn a channel on/off in response to a camera turning on/off.
An event consists of a set of input conditions governed by a logical operator that determines the output condition. Inputs can be surface parameters (i.e., channel on, fader,
etc.) or external inputs via the GP132. Outputs can be System 5 parameters or external
outputs via the GP132.
GP132
The GP132 (General Purpose Input/Output Relay System) is used to communicate to
devices that use tallies and relays. Although the GP132 is shipped with all systems,
many events do not require it.
The following special considerations should be noted when using the GP132:
•
MIDI cables are used to connect GP132 to System 5. The MIDI specification
for maximum cable length is 10 m. Cables over this length may cause data loss.
•
If power fails on the GP132, none of the relays will function. After restoring
power, the GP132 resets ALL relays.
151
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.1
GPI/O Event System
Input Types
Table 12-1 GP Input Types, Settings, and Activation Values
Input Type
Settings
Activation Values
Control Room
Monitor A
Monitor B
Monitor C
Monitor D
Control Room Cut
Control Room Dim
On
Off
Cue List
Cue #
Offset
Fader
Channel #
Activation Level (dB)
Activation Type (Above/Below)
GP Input
Relay Input #: (1-32)
Machine:
GP132 One
GP132 Two
GP132 Three
GP132 Four
GP132 Five
On
Off
Switch Input
Channel #
Channel
EQ
Filters
Dynamics
On
Off
Transport Ctrl
Play
Stop
Fast Forward
Rewind
Record
On
Off
152
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.2
GPI/O Event System
Output Types
Table 12-2 GP Output Types, Settings, and Activation Values
Output Type
Settings
Activation Values
Control Room
Monitor A
Monitor B
Monitor C
Monitor D
Control Room Cut
Control Room Dim
On
Off
GP Output
Relay Output #: (1-32)
Pulse length ms (0 to latch): 0 to -1000 ms
Machine: GP132 One
GP132 Two
GP132 Three
GP132 Four
GP132 Five
Open
Closed
Switch Output
Channel #
Channel
EQ
Filters
Dynamics
On
Off
Transport Ctrl
Play
Stop
Fast Forward
Rewind
153
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.3
GPI/O Event System
Logical Operators
The logical operators process input event conditions to determine if the output event is
executed.
Table 12-3 Logical Operators Used for GPI/O Event Processing
Logical
Operator
Required Input Conditions for
Output Event Execution
Truth
Tables
AND
All input events must be true
1 AND 1 = 1
1 AND 0 = 0
0 AND 0 = 0
OR
Any input event true
1 OR 1 = 1
1 OR 0 = 1
0 OR 0 = 0
XOR
Any input event true, but not all true
1 XOR 1 = 0
1 XOR 0 = 1
0 XOR 0 = 0
NOTE: All logical operators are transitive: 1 AND 0 = 0 AND 1
12.4
Event Configuration Display
Access the Events configuration screen by clicking the Events tab at the bottom of the
eMix screen. The Events screen has three sections: Inputs, Event List, and Outputs.
Several useful examples are included in Section 12.9 on page 157.
154
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
GPI/O Event System
Figure 12-1 Event Configuration Window
12.5
Event List
An event is composed of an input description and type, a logical operator, and an
output description and type. Add an event to the list by clicking the <click to add
event> field at the bottom of the Description column. Click in the Description field
to type a description. Select the logical operator from the Logic dropdown menu.
12.6
Input
The input area has two sections: the top contains a list of inputs for all events in the
Event List, the lower shows the properties of the selected input.
Create a new input by clicking the <click to add input> field at the bottom of the list.
The Add Input Event dialog opens to select the input type:
155
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
GPI/O Event System
Figure 12-2 Add Input Event Dialog
Select the Input Type from the dropdown menu and click OK. Enter a text description
by typing in the Description field; be sure to identify the event it pertains to.
The properties area displays the settings for the selected input type (see Table 12-1 and
Table 12-2 for settings for each input/output type). Modify the settings by clicking on
the dropdown menu and/or edit display.
12.7
Output
The output area has two sections. The top contains a list of output actions for all events
in the Event List. These actions occur only if the input conditions for the selected event
combined with their logical operator yield True. The lower area shows the properties of
the selected output. Set the outputs using the same methods as the inputs.
12.8
Deleting Events
Delete an event by selecting the event, input, or output and pressing the Delete Selected
Entry button at the bottom-left of the Events screen.
156
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9
GPI/O Event System
GPI Examples
Refer to Figure 12-1 and Figure 12-2 for these examples. The options available in the
Input and Output Properties areas are summarized in Table 12-1 and Table 12-2.
If an event consists of just one input, AND and OR deliver the same result and may be
used interchangeably.
12.9.1
Move a Fader to Turn Off the Floor Monitors
This example demonstrates how to turn off the floor monitors by moving any one of
several faders above a selected level.
1.
In the Event Configuration window, under Event List, click on the <click to
add event> field.
The Add Event dialog appears.
2.
Select Or as the logical operator from the dropdown menu.
3.
Under Input, click on the <click to add input> field.
The Add Input Event dialog appears.
4.
Select Fader from the dropdown menu and click OK.
5.
Configure the Input Properties to the following settings:
Channel #
1
Activation level (dB) -50
Activation Type
Above
6.
Repeat steps 3–5 for any additional channel faders and set the Channel # in
step 5 to the new channel number.
7.
Under Output, click on the <click to add output> field.
The Add Output Event dialog appears.
8.
Select Control Room from the dropdown menu and click OK.
9.
Configure the Output Properties to the following settings:
Action
Monitor A
Active State
Off
157
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9.2
GPI/O Event System
Move a Fader to Turn On the Floor Monitors
This example demonstrates how to turn on the floor monitors by moving any one of
several faders below a selected level.
1.
In the Event Configuration window, under Event List, click on the <click to
add event> field.
The Add Event dialog appears.
2.
Select OR as the logical operator from the dropdown menu.
3.
Under Input, click on the <click to add input> field.
The Add Input Event dialog appears.
4.
Select Fader from the dropdown menu and click OK.
5.
Configure the Input Properties to the following settings:
Channel #
1
Activation level (dB) -50
Activation Type
Below
6.
Repeat steps 3–5 for any additional channel faders and set the Channel # in
step 5 to the new channel number.
7.
Under Output, click on the <click to add output> field.
The Add Output Event dialog appears.
8.
Select Control Room from the dropdown menu and click OK.
9.
Configure the Output Properties to the following settings:
Action
Monitor A
Active State
On
158
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9.3
GPI/O Event System
Move a Fader to Start a Cart Machine
This example demonstrates how to start a Cart machine by moving a fader above a
selected level.
1.
In the Event Configuration window, under Event List, click on the <click to
add event> field.
The Add Event dialog appears.
2.
Select AND as the logical operator from the dropdown menu.
3.
Under Input, click on the <click to add input> field.
The Add Input Event dialog appears.
4.
Select Fader from the dropdown menu and click OK.
5.
Configure the Input Properties to the following settings:
Channel #
2
Activation level (dB) -50
Activation Type
6.
Above
Under Output, click on the <click to add output> field.
The Add Output Event dialog appears.
7.
Select GPO from the dropdown menu and click OK.
8.
Configure the Output Properties to the following settings:
Output Number
1
Active State
Closed
Pulse Length
10
Machine
GP132 One
159
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9.4
GPI/O Event System
Move a Fader to Stop a Cart Machine
This example demonstrates how to stop a Cart machine by moving a fader below a selected level.
1.
In the Event Configuration window, under Event List, click on the <click to
add event> field.
The Add Event dialog appears.
2.
Select AND as the logical operator from the dropdown menu.
3.
Under Input, click on the <click to add input> field.
The Add Input Event dialog appears.
4.
Select Fader from the dropdown menu and click OK.
5.
Configure the Input Properties to the following settings:
Channel #
2
Activation level (dB) -55
Activation Type
6.
Below
Under Output, click on the <click to add output> field.
The Add Output Event dialog appears.
7.
Select GPO from the dropdown menu and click OK.
8.
Configure the Output Properties to the following settings:
Output Number
2
Active State
Closed
Pulse Length
10
Machine
GP132 One
160
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9.5
GPI/O Event System
Video Switcher Turns a Specific Camera and Channel On
1.
In the Event Configuration window, under Event List, click on the <click to
add event> field.
The Add Event dialog appears.
2.
Select AND as the logical operator from the dropdown menu.
3.
Under Input, click on the <click to add input> field.
The Add Input Event dialog appears.
4.
Select GPI from the dropdown menu and click OK.
5.
Configure the Input Properties to the following settings:
6.
Input #
1
Active State
On
Machine
GP132 One
Under Output, click on the <click to add output> field.
The Add Output Event dialog appears.
7.
Select Switch Output from the dropdown menu and click OK.
8.
Configure the Output Properties to the following settings:
Channel #
3
Switch Function
Channel
Activation Value On
161
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9.6
GPI/O Event System
Video Switcher Turns a Specific Camera and Channel Off
1.
In the Event Configuration window, under Event List, click on the <click to
add event> field.
The Add Event dialog appears.
2.
Select AND as the logical operator from the dropdown menu.
3.
Under Input, click on the <click to add input> field.
The Add Input Event dialog appears.
4.
Select GPI from the dropdown menu and click OK.
5.
Configure the Input Properties to the following settings:
6.
Input #
1
Active State
Off
Machine
GP132 One
Under Output, click on the <click to add output> field.
The Add Output Event dialog appears.
7.
Select Switch Output from the dropdown menu and click OK.
8.
Configure the Output Properties area to the following settings:
Channel
3
Switch Function
Channel
Activation Value Off
162
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
12.9.7
GPI/O Event System
Audio Follow Video
In this example, there are four cameras each with a microphone configured with a video
switcher, GP 132, and System 5 console (Figure 12-3).
Camera Inputs
12 3 4
Tally Inputs 1 - 4 to GP 132
12 3 4
Figure 12-3 Audio Follow video configuration
163
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
GPI/O Event System
The goal is to enable the following functionality:
•
When the video switcher takes camera 1, channel 1’s audio is on while channels 2–4 are muted.
•
When the video switcher takes camera 2, channel 2’s audio is on while channels 1, 3, and 4 are muted.
•
When the video switcher takes camera 3, channel 3’s audio is on while channels 1, 2, and 4 are muted.
•
When the video switcher takes camera 4, channel 4’s audio is on while channels 1–3 are muted.
The following steps explain how to turn channel 1 on and mute the other channels when
the video switcher takes camera 1.
1.
Choose a tally input to use on the GP 132.
For example, tally input 1 uses pins 1 and 14 on connector RT1 of the GP 132.
2.
In Events page of eMix, click <click to add event> in the Events List section,
and select OR as the logic operator.
3.
From the Inputs section, click <click to add input>.
The Add Input Event dialog opens.
Figure 12-4 Add Input Event Dialog
4.
Select GPI from the Input Types dropdown menu.
5.
Configure the lower area of the Input section to the following settings:
Figure 12-5 Input Event Properties
164
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
6.
GPI/O Event System
From the Output section, click <click to add output event>.
The Add Output Event dialog opens.
Figure 12-6 Add Output Event dialog
7.
Select Switch Output from the Output Type dropdown menu.
8.
Configure the lower area of the Output section to the following settings:
Figure 12-7 Output Event Properties
This turns channel 1 on when camera 1 is selected by the video switcher.
9.
Repeat Steps 6–7 to create additional output events to mute channels 2–4 but
use the following settings instead of those depicted in Step 8:
Figure 12-8 Output Event Properties
Figure 12-8 shows Channel 2’s settings; each channel uses its own number but
Switch Function = Channel and Active State = off for each.
So far, you have achieved the following functionality: when the video switcher selects
camera 1, System 5’s channel 1 turns on and channels 2–4 mute. Repeat the steps above
to program channel 2 to turn on when the video switcher selects camera 2 and mute
channels 1, 3, and 4. Each tally input requires a discrete connection at the GP 132.
165
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
166
GPI/O Event System
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 13: Dynamic Automation
13.1
Overview
System 5’s dynamic automation features record and play back the movements and
settings of the console faders, knobs, and switches. Each parameter displays its automation
read/write status with dedicated status LEDs. System 5 provides utilities to easily rehearse
automation levels before committing to recording them. After recording initial automation,
several methods assist the editing process to yield smooth transitions at the punch in and
out points. You can even preserve and restore previous automation passes, which further
encourages experimentation without the risk of recording over previous work.
Almost every parameter can be automated but these are among the most important:
•
Input: A and B input trim; A/B or A+B switching; insert In/Out
•
Dynamics: compression, expansion, sidechain, and filters; In/Out
•
EQ: frequency, gain, and Q; In/Out
•
Filters: frequency; In/Out
•
Aux Send: gain and pan (if not mono); On/Off
•
Pan: standard L/R as well as LCR, LCRS, 5.1, 6.1, and 7.1; In/Out
•
Channel Fader: the channel gain fader is touch sensitive and moves in response
to recorded automation; Channel On
•
Routing: Mix Stem On/Off
These parameters cannot be automated:
•
Group bus routing
•
Aux send pre/post
•
Channel path order
167
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.2
Dynamic Automation
Automation Interface
The interface for each automated channel parameter consists of their Read/Write automation status LEDs and Select/Punch keys. The center section Automation Panel (Figure
13-1) provides the global interface to select automation modes and functions such as
Aux, EQ, Pan, and Dynamics on all channels.
Mix
On
Pass
View
Save
Mix
Dyn
Input
Isolate
Route
On
EQ
ALL
filts
Aux
Fader
Read
Write
Abs
Pan
Write
Trim
All Funcs
Preview
Glid e
Suspend
Preview
Capture
Auto
Joi n
Punch
Preview
Punch
Capture
Join
Fill to
Punch
Fill
Region
Fill
Fill
Undo
Redo
Auto
Match
Al l
Match
Figure 13-1 Center Section Automation Panel
168
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.2.1
Dynamic Automation
Automation LEDs
Figure 13-2 shows the fader, switch, and knob automation interfaces. Each automated
parameter has two status LEDs:
•
The red LED (right) indicates the parameter is in Write mode.
•
The green LED (left) indicates the parameter is in Read mode.
Top of Strip
Knobset
Select/Punch switch
HiF
Knob Automation
status LEDs
Select/Punch
for On/Off
switch
On/Off
switch
Knob Select/Punch
switch
Switch Automation
status LEDs
Chan
Select
swap
Channel Select key
C25
All Funcs key
C1
All
knobs
Channel On
Automation status LEDs
Swap channel key
M S L
Channel On
Select/Punch key
Solo
on
Fader Automation
Status LEDs
Solo key
Channel On key
Auto-glide LED
Fader touchsensor LED
Fader Select/Punch key
12
6
Strip Lock LED
Wave key
0
Touch-sensitive
fader
6
Figure 13-2 Knob (top) and fader (bottom) automation and control features
13.2.2
Select/Punch Keys
Select/Punch keys perform two functions:
13.2.3
•
Punch the control into and out of recording automation.
•
Assign the selected automation mode to its corresponding parameter.
All Knobs Key
The All Knobs key punches out all knobset parameters on the channel.
169
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.3
Dynamic Automation
Automation Modes
Table 13-1 summarizes the four automation modes and their read/write LED state. The
mode is stored along with the other parameter settings. Each mode is defined and
discussed in detail in the sections following Table 13-1.
Table 13-1 Automation modes and LED states
Automation
Mode
Write
LED
Read
LED
Description
Isolated
Off
Off
Will not record or playback automation; operates manually only. Previously recorded automation is preserved but
ignored until another mode is selected.
Read
Off
Green
Write Absolute
Red
Off
Records and replays Absolute automation; replays Trim
data but indicates Absolute level. (Applies to Faders and
Aux Sends Only)
Write Trim
Red
Green
Records and replays Trim automation; replays Absolute
data but indicates Trim level.
When enabled, the yellow LED next to the fader is on and
Auto Glide is enabled. When not enabled, the yellow LED
is off and the mode is Manual Glide (Fader Glide Modes
on page 179).
AGlide
13.3.1
Replays existing Absolute and Trim data but will not
record new automation.
Isolate
All parameters default to Isolate mode at the beginning of a new mix. A parameter in
Isolate mode will not record or playback automation and operates manually only. If a
parameter is set to Isolate mode after recording automation, the automation is preserved but ignored until another mode is selected. Isolate mode can be useful when
it is important to restrict attention to automation in other functions and to provide manual control without beginning automation playback after making adjustments.
13.3.2
Read
Read mode permits replaying existing automation but will not record new data. It protects
against accidentally recording new automation.
During automation playback, the control shows and plays the recorded moves: the LED
level indication on the knob changes and the fader moves.
170
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Read Suspended: Fader
Touching or moving a fader set to Read mode during automation playback initiates
Read Suspended status which overrides the underlying automation with the manual
fader moves. The green LED flashes rapidly and the new moves are audible but not
recorded. Releasing the fader reverts to playing the recorded automation. This is an
excellent method to rehearse automation without changing modes or recording over
existing automation.
Read Suspended: Knob/Switch
Pressing the Select/Punch key of a knob or switch set to Read mode during automation playback initiates Read Suspended status. The green LED flashes rapidly
and the new knob moves and switch states are audible but not recorded. Pressing
the Select/Punch key again returns to Read mode.
13.3.3
Write Absolute
The parameter can record and replay Absolute automation. The red LED flashes while
recording. The parameter will also play Trim automation, if it exists, but the indicator
will reflect the Absolute level.
13.3.4
Write Trim
When a parameter is set to Write Trim mode and punched into record for the first time,
the knob or fader moves to the null trim position at 0 dB. A trim range of ±15 dB can
augment the Absolute value. Trim settings are maintained separately from Absolute
values unless they are merged (See Merge Trim on page 194).
Touch
Flash
Red
Green
For example, moving the control up 5 dB from the null position adds 5 dB to the underlying
move. Punching in and out without moving the control does not change the underlying
move. Figure 13-3 shows the effect of writing new Trim data.
Release
Control Level
Control Level
Trim level
Original Recorded Move
Null
New audio
Original audio
Write Trim
Ready
Moves will be
played back
Trim
Record
Trim moves will be
added to existing moves
Write Trim
Ready
Moves will be
played back
Time
Time
Figure 13-3 Write Trim mode adds Trim moves to Absolute automation values
171
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.4
Dynamic Automation
Assigning an Automation Mode
Automation modes can be assigned in three ways:
13.4.1
•
Global Mode/Global Function: Assign the globally selected automation
mode to all console functions of a given type (i.e., EQ, Dynamics) using the
center section Automation Panel.
•
Global Mode/Strip Function: Assign the globally selected automation mode
to selected Strip functions using the center section Automation Panel and
Select/Punch keys on the Strip.
•
Strip Mode/Strip Function: Set an individual automation mode for individually
selected Strip functions.
Global Mode/Global Function
Set a global automation mode for all function parameters of one type using the ALL
keys in the center section Automation Panel. For example:
1.
Press the Write Abs key so it begins flashing.
2.
Press the EQ key in the ALL section.
All channel EQs are now set to Write Absolute mode.
3.
While the Write Abs key is still flashing, other functions can be set to Write
Absolute mode.
4.
When finished, press the Write Abs key again so it stops flashing.
172
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.4.2
Dynamic Automation
Global Mode/Strip Function
Assign a global automation mode to all knobset functions, the current knobset function,
or an individual parameter on the Strip:
1.
Press the Write Abs key in the center section Automation Panel.
2.
The Write Abs key begins flashing and the surface controls dim.
3.
Assign the selected mode to the entire knobset currently on the Strip by pressing
the Knobset Select switch at the top-right of the Strip or at the top of the Strip’s
function keys (Figure 13-4).
Assign the automation mode to all of the Strip’s knobset parameters by pressing
the All Funcs key.
Assign the automation mode to an individual knob by pressing the knob’s
Select/Punch key.
Copy
cfg
Paste
Top of Strip
HiF
Knobset
Select/Punch key
*
Ins in
Input
Knob
Select/Punch key
Dyn in
Dyn
EQ in
EQ
filts
filt s in
Aux
Pan to:
Pan
G
R
P
route
M
I
X
Figure 13-4 Knobset Select/Punch keys
4.
While the Write Abs key is still flashing, other individual Strip functions can
be set to Write Absolute mode.
5.
When finished, press the Write Abs key again so it stops flashing.
173
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.4.3
Dynamic Automation
Strip Mode/Strip Function
Assign a locally selected automation mode to an entire function or individual parameters
on a Strip. For example, with EQ already assigned to the knobset:
1.
Select a local automation mode by simultaneously pressing the Wave key and
the Select/Punch key for the control you wish to assign.
The screen above the Strip displays a popup menu of the automation modes.
The currently active mode is highlighted in green, the other modes in yellow.
2.
While still holding down the Wave key, press the Knobset Select/Punch key at
the top-right of the Strip or at the top of the Strip’s function keys (Figure 13-4)
repeatedly until the desired mode is highlighted.
This assigns the selected automation mode to the entire knobset. Press a knob’s
Select/Punch key instead of the Knobset Select/Punch key to assign the mode
to that knob only.
13.4.4
Changing the Automation Mode of an Individual Parameter
Change the automation mode of an individual parameter, even if it has been assigned
globally:
1.
Simultaneously press the Wave key and Select/Punch key for the parameter
you wish to modify.
The screen above the Strip displays a popup menu of the automation modes.
2.
While holding down the Wave key, press the Select/Punch key repeatedly
until the desired mode is highlighted.
3.
Release both keys to select the last mode highlighted.
NOTE: Toggling the automation mode is closely related to setting the Glide settings.
Continuing to hold down the Wave key and repeatedly pressing the Select/
Punch key cycles through the automation modes. To toggle the Glide setting,
be sure to press the Select/Punch key once and then release both keys.
174
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.5
Dynamic Automation
Recording Automation
Since Isolate is the default mode for all parameters, the read and write LEDs are off
at the beginning of a new mixing session. Automation cannot be recorded or played
back unless the Mix On key is lit at the top-left of the center section Automation
Panel in Figure 13-1.
13.5.1
Knobs and Faders
To record basic fader and knob automation:
1.
Press the Mix On button so it is illuminated.
2.
Set any parameters that will record automation to Write Absolute or Write Trim.
3.
Play an audio source that sends timecode into the console.
4.
Press the parameter’s Select/Punch key or touch the fader to punch in.
5.
The parameter’s automation LED flashes red. The Chan Select key cannot be
used to punch in an entire channel.
Adjust the parameter.
6.
Press the Select/Punch key or release the fader to punch out.
Write
Ready
Can be manually
operated
Record
Punch
Touch
Flash
Red
Green
Flash
Punch
Release
Control Level
Control Level
Red
Green
Press the All Funcs key to punch out all knobset parameters.
Write
Ready
Write
Ready
Moves will be Can be manually
operated
recorded
Record
Time
Write
Ready
Time
Figure 13-5 Knob (left) and fader (right) punch record methods
175
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Flash
Punch
Write
Ready
Record
Punch
Release to
Punch Out
Control Level
Control Level
Punch
Red
Green
Flash
Red
Green
Additional Fader Punch Record Methods
• Record a flat move without touching the fader: punch the fader in and out with
the fader Select/Punch key (left of Figure 13-6).
Write
Ready
Write
Ready
Record
Time
Record
Write
Ready
Time
Figure 13-6 Additional punch record methods
•
Punch in the fader with the fader Select/Punch key, move to the desired level,
and release it to punch out (right of Figure 13-6).
•
Touch the fader to punch in, then press the fader Select/Punch key to punch out.
•
Touch the fader to punch in and release it to punch out.
NOTE: See Section 13.7.1 - Fader Glide Modes for details about how the glide setting
affects punch-out behavior.
Knob Pickup
Since knobs are not touch sensitive, they cannot automatically punch in when touched
like faders. Knob Pickup allows a knob to punch in automatically when it is moved
enough to change the parameter’s value. The knob’s Select/Punch key must be pressed
to punch out. Activate Knob Pickup in the Automation Panel Page 1.
13.5.2
Switches
Switches behave exactly like knobs and faders except their value can only be Off or On.
Switches cannot record Trim data nor are they touch sensitive. Switches must be
explicitly punched in and out of record using their Select/Punch keys unless Switch
Pickup is activated (see below).
Switch on Release
Switch on Release (located in Automation Panel Page 1) causes switch activation
on the release of the switch rather than on the down-press. This allows the switch to be
pressed in preparation for the event and then released at the precise time.
176
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Switch Pickup
Switch Pickup allows a switch to punch in automatically when first pressed down. The
switch’s Select/Punch key must be pressed to punch out. Activate the Switch Pickup
key in Automation Panel Page 1.
NOTE: If Switch Pickup and Switch on Release are both active, the switch will
punch in when pressed down but will not toggle its value until released.
13.6
Playing Back Automation
How a control behaves during automation playback depends on the type of control (knob,
fader, switch) and on the automation mode. See Table 13-1 in Section 13.3 - Automation
Modes for descriptions of the automation modes. This section describes only those control/mode combinations that do not respond, or begin recording automatically, when
manually adjusted.
Write Absolute
Knob
Playing back knob automation in the Write Absolute mode has the following response
(see Figure 13-7):
Rewind to just prior to the recorded automation, and play back the move.
The knob can be operated manually when there is no underlying automation.
•
During automation, the knob LED ring lights to indicate the current parameter
value but does not respond to manual adjustment.
Red
Green
•
Control Level
13.6.1
Move plays back
Write
Ready
Write
Ready
Write
Ready
Can be manually Cannot be manually Can be manually
operated
operated
operated
Time
Figure 13-7 Playing a knob automation move in Write Absolute mode
177
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Fader
During automation playback, the fader moves to reflect the recorded moves. Touching
a fader during playback punches into record again. The behavior upon releasing the fader
depends on the Glide setting (Section 13.7.1 - Fader Glide Modes).
13.6.2
Read
A control set to Read mode plays back but does not record automation.
Fader
Manually adjusting a fader in Read mode overrides the recorded automation. The manual
fader moves are audible but not recorded. Releasing the fader returns control to automation
playback.
Knob/Switch
Manually adjusting a knob or switch in Read mode during automation playback has no
effect unless:
•
the knob/switch Select/Punch key is pressed.
OR
•
Knob Pickup (page 176) or Switch Pickup (page 177) is active.
These conditions initiate the Read Suspended state: The green LED flashes rapidly
and the new knob moves or switch states are audible but not recorded. This can be an
effective method to rehearse automation without changing modes. Pressing the Select/
Punch key again returns to Read mode.
13.6.3
Isolate
A parameter in Isolate mode does not play or record automation but can be manually adjusted.
13.6.4
Write Trim
Playing back Trim automation for an Aux knob or fader has the following behavior:
•
While in Write Trim mode, the control indicates the Trim level just recorded
while the audio reflects the Absolute plus the Trim level.
•
Switching the control to Read mode does not change the audio playback but
the control now indicates the total (Trim plus Absolute) audio level.
178
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.7
Dynamic Automation
Modifying Automation
Audio engineers are well acquainted with the challenges of punching in/out to fix audio
tracks without creating jarring level changes or other anomalies that call attention to the
editing. Punching in/out to modify automation presents similar issues: the setting at the
punch-out point must closely match the underlying automation that will resume after
that point or the transition may be audible.
System 5 offers different methods for knobs and faders to modify their behavior after
punching out of an automation pass: Auto Glide (faders only), Manual Glide, and
Auto-TakeOver (ATO).
Auto and Manual Glide offer different methods to create a seamless punch-out point
but both automatically glide after punching out. The only difference between them is
how the punch out occurs:
•
Auto Glide: The fader punches out automatically when released.
•
Manual Glide: The Select/Punch key must be manually pressed.
The All Match key in the center section Automation Panel can also punch
out.
The Automation Panel has settings for both A/Glide and M/Glide times to glide from
the level at the punch-out point to the automation level that resumes afterwards.
ATO shifts the responsibility of making the transition after punching out to the user:
After manually punching out with the control's Select/Punch or the All Match key,
the user moves the control until its value intersects the underlying automation. To
make a smooth transition, this requires knowing whether the ending level is above or
below the underlying automation.
13.7.1
Fader Glide Modes
Auto and Manual Glide
Auto and Manual Glide inter-cancel: faders are always set to Auto or Manual Glide
and they toggle between values. If the yellow LED next to the Read/Write automation
LEDs is illuminated, the fader is set to Auto Glide.
To toggle a fader’s glide setting:
1.
Press and hold down the Wave key.
2.
Press the fader’s Select/Punch key once.
3.
Release both keys.
Alternately, press the Glide key in the Automation Panel and then the Faders key in
the All Panel to toggle between Auto (Glide key lit) and Manual Glide.
179
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
The Glide key in the center section Automation Panel can also be used to toggle the
fader’s status:
1.
Press the Glide key so it illuminates.
2.
Press the Chan Select key.
ATO
ATO is independent of the fader’s Auto/Manual Glide status. ATO can be set “on the
fly” to override either Auto or Manual Glide:
1.
While holding the fader, press its Select/Punch key.
The red automation LED blinks rapidly.
2.
Move the fader until its level intersects with that of the underlying automation.
The fader automatically punches out.
The ATO status is not sticky: the current Auto/Manual Glide setting resumes control
during the next automation record session.
NOTE: The screen above the Strip indicates the Glide status for the knobs only, not
the fader.
13.7.2
Knob Glide Modes
Since knobs are not touch sensitive, they cannot automatically punch out when released
like faders. Knobs, therefore, do not have an Auto Glide setting and use Manual Glide
and ATO as their inter-cancelling modes.
Manual Glide functions the same way for knobs as faders: after manually punching out
with the knob’s Select/Punch or All Match key, the control uses the time set in the
M/Glide field in the Automation Panel Page 1 to glide from the setting at the punch-out
point to the underlying automation.
Toggling ATO and Manual Glide
To toggle the knob’s ATO/Manual Glide status:
1.
Press and hold down the Wave key.
2.
Press the knob’s Select/Punch key once.
3.
Release both keys.
The screen above the Strip indicates either ATO or Manual Glide status for the knobs
only, not the fader.
180
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
NOTE: Toggling the Glide settings is closely related to setting the automation mode.
Continuing to hold down the Wave key and repeatedly pressing the Select/
Punch key cycles through the automation modes. To toggle the Glide setting,
be sure to press the Select/Punch key once and then release both keys.
13.7.3
Setting Auto and Manual Glide Times
To set the Auto Glide time in the Automation Panel:
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Automation button to display Automation
Panel Page 1.
2.
Enter a timecode into the locate time display using the numeric keypad on the
center section (Figure 13-13).
The entire time must be entered, beginning with frames. When the first numeric
key is pressed, the display clears to enter the new value.
3.
Press Store Locate and then the A/Glide key in Automation Panel Page 1 to
transfer the locate time to the A/Glide field.
Perform the same steps to set the M/Glide time but press the M/Glide key instead of
the A/Glide key step 3.
NOTE: If the A/Glide or M/Glide time is 0, a fader in that mode snaps abruptly to
match the underlying automation. This is the same behavior enabled by Snap
Mode (see Section 13.9.3 - Snap Mode).
181
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.7.4
Dynamic Automation
Switch Automation
Figure 13-8 summarizes most of the methods to add, erase, and modify switch automation events.
Toggle
switch to
punch in
Press
Select/Punch
key
Advance the beginning
of a switch event
Toggle
Press
switch to Select/Punch
punch in key
Advance the end
of a switch event
Toggle
switch to
punch in
Press
Select/Punch
key
Inser t a new
switch event
Toggle
switch to
punch in
Press
Select/Punch
key
Insert a new
switch event into
an existing event
Hold
down
switch
Press
Select/Punch
key
Press
Select/Punch
key
Delay th e start
of an event
Switc h o n Release Off
Press
Select/Punch
key
Switc h o n Release On
Hold
down
switch
Press
Select/Punch
key
Delay the end
of an event
Switc h o n Release Off
Press
Select/Punch
key
Press
Select/Punch
key
Switc h o n Release On
Hold
down
switch
Press
Select/Punch
key
Erase
an event
Switc h o n Release Off
Switc h o n Release On
Figure 13-8 Adding, erasing, and modifying the times of switch automation events
182
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.8
Dynamic Automation
Fill Features
To understand the utility of System 5’s Fill features, consider the following situation:
In a new mix, fader automation is recorded from 00:01:00:00 to 00:02:00:00
and from 00:04:00:00 to 00:05:00:00. What initial fader value is used if recording or playback begins at 00:03:00:00?
Because there is no automation written at this time, it is called virgin territory. System 5
uses two methods to derive a value for the fader:
•
First, it looks back from the current position to the beginning of the mix for the
last value recorded. In the example above, it would use the last fader value at
the punch-out point (00:02:00:00).
•
If no valid value is found, it looks forward for the nearest valid value from the
current position to the end of the mix.
This method makes it unnecessary to do a complete initial pass just to write a setting
throughout the mix; the engineer can record moves only where they are needed.
It is sometimes desirable, though, to write nominal values in all, or selected areas of the
mix and System 5 provides utilities to accomplish this: AutoFill, Fill Start, Fill End,
Fill Region, and Fill to Punch.
13.8.1
AutoFill
AutoFill writes the value at the punch-in point back to the beginning of the mix (or
previous punch-out point) and to the end of the mix (or next punch-in point). AutoFill
can only be used during a parameter’s first automation pass, which ends when the tape
stops; more than one punch in/out is permitted. If automation has already been recorded
for that parameter, AutoFill can be set to On but will have no effect. AutoFill acts independently on Absolute and Trim automation but has only one setting.
Figure 13-9 shows the results of a first automation pass recording fader movements in
two discontinuous sections. Figure 13-10 (left) shows the resulting fader values with
AutoFill Off. The dotted lines indicate virgin territory and the level derived for the
fader if the tape were located there. Figure 13-10 (right) shows the resulting fader values
with AutoFill On. The flat solid lines, marked Filled, indicate where AutoFill wrote
values. Two or more discontinuous punch sections can be used during the first pass only
if the tape is not stopped before recording the additional punch in/out sections.
183
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Control Level
Punch
In
Dynamic Automation
Punch Punch
Out
In
Record
Punch
Out
Record
Time
Figure 13-9 Fader values recorded during first pass
Virgin
Territory
Control Level
Control Level
Virgin
Territory
Virgin
Territory
Filled
Filled
Filled
AutoFill On
AutoFill Off
Time
Time
Figure 13-10 Fader values resulting from the first pass with AutoFill Off (left) and On (right)
Figure 13-11 shows the results of punching in for a second pass after a first pass with
AutoFill Off (left) and On (right). With AutoFill Off, the initial fader value cannot be
derived by looking earlier in the mix so the value from the first punch-in point is used
instead. With AutoFill On, the initial value has already been written so the new section
merely replaces the section filled by AutoFill.
Punch Punch
In
Out
Record
Control Level
Control Level
Punch Punch
In
Out
AutoFill Off during first pass
Record
Time
AutoFill On during first pass
Time
Figure 13-11 Recording a second pass after AutoFill was Off (left) and On (right) during first pass
184
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Setting AutoFill to On
AutoFill defaults to Off so you must set it explicitly to On prior to the first pass.
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Automation button to display Automation
Panel Page 1.
2.
Press the Page -> key to display Automation Panel Page 2 (Figure 13-12).
3.
Press the AutoFill key to enable AutoFill for the first pass.
Automation Page 2
Automation Page 1
AutoFill
M/offset 00:04:10:00
Snap Mode
Update on Locate
M/Glide: 00:00:00:04
A/Glide: 00:00:00:08
F/Start
00:01:12:00
F/End
00:02:35:00
Merge Trim
Clear Automation
Switch on Release
Prune Tree
Knob Pickup
Pack Tree
⇐ Page
⇐
Main
Panel
Info
Figure 13-12 Automation Panel
185
⇐
⇐ Page
Main
Panel
Switch Pickup
Info
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.8.2
Fill Start
1.
Dynamic Automation
Fill
Press the Fill Start key in the center section automation panel.
The Fill Start key flashes.
2.
Punch in the parameter and adjust the control to the desired level.
3.
Punch out and the level at that time is written to the start of the mix.
The Fill End key stops flashing indicating it is no longer active.
Fill Start is useful for writing mutes to the beginning of a song.
1.
Locate to the Title start.
2.
Set all Fader On switches to Write Absolute mode for channels that should not
be active at the song start.
3.
Punch in, mute the On switch and punch out just before the song actually starts.
This mutes the channel back to the Title start.
13.8.3
Fill End
1.
Fill
Press the Fill End key in the center section automation panel.
The Fill End key flashes.
2.
Punch in the parameter and adjust the control to the desired level.
3.
Punch out and the level at that time is written to the end of the mix.
The Fill End key stops flashing indicating it is no longer active.
Fill End is useful to quickly fill a static value to the end of a mix without recording to
the end.
NOTE: Pressing Fill Start or Fill End twice in rapid succession will cause the key to
latch on so it remains active after the pass ends.
186
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.8.4
Fill Start + Fill End
1.
Dynamic Automation
Fill
Fill
Press Fill End then Fill Start in the center section automation panel.
Both keys should be illuminated.
2.
Punch in the parameter and adjust the control to the desired level.
3.
Punch out and the level at that time is written throughout the mix.
Using Fill Start and Fill End together is a useful way to set a static value all the way
through the mix.
13.8.5
Setting Fill Start and End Times
The Fill Region features, discussed in the next sections, require setting the F/Start and
F/End time fields in Automation Panel Page 1. The Fill Region key must be lit for
these times to be used.
1.
From the Main Panel, press the Automation button to display Automation
Panel Page 1.
2.
Enter a timecode into the locate time display using the numeric keypad on the
center section (Figure 13-13). The entire time must be entered, beginning with
frames. When the first numeric key is pressed, the display clears to enter the
new value.
3.
A time can also be entered by recalling a Cue (see Cue Points on page 146).
Press Store Locate and then the F/Start key in Automation Panel Page 1 to
transfer the locate time to the F/Start field.
4.
Enter the F/End time into the locate time display by repeating step 2.
5.
Press Store Locate and then the F/End key in Automation Panel Page 1 to
transfer the locate time to the F/End field.
Time
Display
00:12:24:03
hr
min
bar
sec / ft
beat
Fr/ms
Tick
00:16:11:04
locate time
_
+
Delete
Edit
Trim
+
Trim
-
Locat e
Reg’s
7
8
9
Cue
Stor e
Current
Stor e
Locat e
Recall
Figure 13-13 Setting times in the machine control panel
187
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
To adjust the F/Start time by a few frames:
1.
On the center section, press Recall then F/Start to transfer the F/Start time to
the locate time display.
2.
Press the Trim +/- keys to alter the value in one frame increments.
3.
Press Store Locate and then F/Start to transfer the new value to the F/Start field.
To modify the F/End time, perform the same steps but substitute the F/End for the
F/Start key.
NOTE: To set F/Start and F/End times, the center section Fill Start and Fill End keys
can be used interchangeably with the F/Start and F/End keys.
13.8.6
Fill Region + Fill Start + Fill End
Fill
Region
Fill
Fill
Fill Region is used in combination with Fill Start and Fill End to set a value for a defined
region rather than throughout the mix. The punch-out point must be within the defined
region for the fill to apply.
1.
Record a fader level from 00:01:00:00 to 00:02:00:00 so you can see how the
new level will override an existing one.
2.
Enter 00:01:00:00 into the F/Start field and 00:02:00:00 into the F/End field.
See Section 13.8.5 - Setting Fill Start and End Times to see how to set the
times.
13.8.7
3.
Now activate Fill Start, Fill End and Fill Region.
4.
Record new fader movements in this section and punch out at the desired level.
The new level will be written from 1 to 2 minutes.
Fill Region + Fill End
1.
Fill
Region
Fill
Set the F/End time.
See Section 13.8.5 - Setting Fill Start and End Times to see how to set the
times.
2.
Activate Fill End and Fill Region. Do not activate Fill Start.
3.
Punch in, adjust the control, and punch out.
The value at the punch-out time is written to the time set for F/End.
188
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
13.8.8
Fill Region + Fill Start
1.
Fill
Region
Dynamic Automation
Fill
Set the F/Start time.
See Section 13.8.5 - Setting Fill Start and End Times to see how to set the
times.
2.
Activate Fill Start and Fill Region. Do not activate Fill End.
3.
Punch in, adjust the control and punch out.
The value at the punch-out time is written to the time set for F/Start.
13.8.9
Fill to Punch
Fill to
Punch
Fill to Punch and Fill Start inter-cancel; selecting one deselects the other. Fill to
Punch behaves like Fill Region except the area is not designated prior to punching in
by setting F/Start and F/End times. Fill to Punch writes the value at the punch-out
time back to the punch-in time.
13.9
Automation Performance Utilities
13.9.1
Preview
Preview mode provides an easy method to set a parameter to the desired level without
recording the moves required to locate that level. When the Preview key is illuminated,
the first punch-in action (touching a fader or pressing the Select/Punch key) punches
that parameter into Preview mode. The parameter can then be adjusted and set to the
desired level. The next punch-in action punches that parameter into its Automation
mode at that level. Turning Preview off cancels any parameters with Preview levels.
Preview mode is activated from the center section Automation Panel (Figure 13-1).
This allows previewing the move without changing the automation mode.
Suspend Preview
Suspend Preview makes it easy to record automation without removing parameters
designated for Preview. Press the Suspend Preview key so it is illuminated to display
and hear the underlying automation rather than the Preview level. The parameter will
punch in at the Preview level regardless of the state of the Suspend Preview key.
Punch Preview
Press the Punch Preview key to punch in all parameters in Preview mode at their level
set when punched out in the Preview pass. Activating the Punch Preview key automatically illuminates the Suspend Preview key.
189
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Knobs and Switches
Punching in a knob or switch set to Write Absolute (or Write Trim for the knob) with
Preview On allows manual changes to the parameter but ignores underlying automation.
Pressing the Select/Punch key a second time punches in with the selected automation
mode.
This feature is useful to record an abrupt change. For example, to shift the Pan setting
from the current setting of extreme left to extreme right:
1.
Activate Preview in the center section Automation Panel.
2.
Select Write Absolute mode for the Pan knob on the desired Strip.
3.
Press the Pan Select/Punch switch and set the control to extreme right.
4.
At the appropriate point, press the Select/Punch key again and the previewed
level will be recorded from that point until Select/Punch is pressed again to
punch out.
Faders
Preview for a fader can be initiated by touching the fader or pressing the Select/Punch
key. To punch into record from Preview, press either the fader’s Select/Punch key or
the All Match key in the center section.
Preview remains active after the punch out so the fader stays in manual control until
the tape stops and the pass is complete.
13.9.2
Join
When the tape stops while recording automation, the pass ends and any parameters still
recording are automatically punched out. It is useful to remember which parameters
were punched in when the tape stopped so they can be punched back in automatically
during the next pass. Join and Auto Join offer different ways to accomplish this automatic punch-in function.
Press the Join key during the pass in which you wish to remember the punched in parameters. After stopping the tape and resuming recording automation, press the Join
key again to punch in all parameters from the last pass.
190
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Auto Join
Press the Auto Join key during the pass in which you wish to remember the punched
in parameters. After stopping the tape, rewinding, and resuming recording automation,
all parameters from the last pass are automatically punched in when the tape arrives at
the end of the last pass.
13.9.3
Snap Mode
Snap Mode overrides the A/Glide or M/Glide times for knobs and faders set to Auto or
Manual Glide by causing the knob or fader to abruptly shift from the level at the
punch-out point to the underlying automation level. Snap Mode is activated in the Automation Panel Page 1.
13.9.4
Update on Locate
Update on Locate controls how automation values are derived when the tape is relocated
between playbacks. When active, the automation values from the new location are loaded
before beginning playback. Update on Locate should usually be active when automation
values are stable and not being edited or recorded. It is located is in Automation Panel
Page 2.
When Update on Locate is inactive, the last value used during the previous playback
for that parameter is retained at the new location prior to playback. When playback begins, the current location’s value (or the value derived from looking ahead or back) is
used. However, if the parameter is punched into record prior to beginning playback, the
previous setting is used. This is useful if you have experimented with setting a parameter
during the previous playback and wish to use that setting to begin another section.
13.9.5
All Match
All Match (bottom-right) punches out all parameters currently recording and glides/
snaps them back to their underlying automation value.
13.9.6
Auto Match
Auto Match automatically snaps to the underlying automation when timecode stops.
191
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
13.10 Synchronizing Automation with an External
Device
System 5’s automation can be synchronized to incoming timecode from an external
device, such as a tape recorder. TC Lock and TC Slave, available from the Setup menu
in the Machines Panel, establish the type and sensitivity of the synchronization.
13.10.1 TC Lock
TC Lock sets the elapsed time before System 5 locks to the incoming timecode. This
setting accounts for the time required by the tape deck to ramp up to its playback speed.
If the console locks to the signal before the playback speed stabilized, the automation
will not properly synchronize with the audio on the tape.
The default TC Lock setting is 1000 ms. When active, TC Lock can be set using the
SpinKnob. We recommend starting at 200 ms and increasing in 50 ms increments until
the automation is free of errors.
13.11 Bus Master Automation
The Bus Masters can be automated using the same modes as a normal channel. The
automation mode popup list appears in the standard channel’s graphic display, next to
the Bus Master Strip.
13.12 Mix Assigns
The mix bus section legs can be automated like any other switch. The switch that accesses
the legs from the mix route page is the center switch. The Select/Punch (bottom left)
switch is used to assign the legs.
192
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
13.13 Managing the Automation
13.13.1 Group Coalesce
Group Coalesce transfers automation from the Control Group master fader to the
slaves.
1.
Press the Panel Viewer’s Main Panel key.
2.
Press the Groups button to display the Groups Panel.
3.
Press the Coalesce key at the bottom of the Groups Panel.
The Coalesce key begins flashing.
4.
Press the Groups key for the group to coalesce.
All master fader moves get transferred to the slaves and the Control Group is deleted.
13.13.2 Mix Passes
A mix pass is created each time an automation punch in occurs until the tape stops. If
the tape stops before the last parameter punches out, the pass consists of all automation
from the first parameter punched in to when playback stops. If playback stops after a
punch out, the pass ends when the last parameter punches out.
Each pass is stored automatically and numbered chronologically. All mix passes are
saved with a Mix and loaded when the Mix is re-opened (see Save Mix below).
View Mix Passes
Press the Pass View key at the top of the center section Automation Panel to display
the Pass Tree. To navigate through the Pass Tree to activate a different pass:
1.
Rotate the SpinKnob clockwise to move to higher pass numbers, counterclockwise to move to lower numbers.
2.
Press the Enter key to select the highlighted pass.
0
1
2
3
5
4
6
7
8
9
Figure 13-14 Mix Pass tree
193
10
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
The following analysis of the example Pass Tree in Figure 13-14 explains most of the
Tree’s features:
•
Pass 1 contains additional automation but is based on automation created in
Pass 0. Pass 1 may have new automation, modify Pass 0’s automation, or both.
•
Pass 2 is derived from Pass 1 in a similar manner as Pass 1 from Pass 0.
•
Pass 3 is derived from Pass 2.
•
Pass 4 is derived from Pass 2, not from Pass 3. Pass 3 may have been an experiment the user wished to save but not continue using.
•
Pass 5 is derived from Pass 4.
•
Pass 6 is derived from Pass 5.
•
Pass 7 is derived from Pass 6.
•
Pass 8 is derived from Pass 5, not from Pass 7. Passes 6 and 7, like Pass 3, have
been saved but not used to continue in the Tree.
Prune Tree
Pruning the mix tree deletes all passes that are not in the direct line from the first to the
last pass. In Figure 13-14, passes 3, 6, and 7 would be deleted but the existing numbers
are retained. This frees up space and simplifies complicated trees. Prune the tree only
when you are sure you will not need the information in those passes.
1.
Press the Prune Tree key in Automation Panel Page 2.
2.
Confirm at the bottom of the panel to prune the pass tree.
Pack Tree
Packing the mix tree merges all automation data from previous passes into the current
pass so only one pass remains in the new mix tree. Conflicting data for any parameter
is resolved by using the later pass. Although this frees up space and simplifies complicated
trees, similar to Prune Tree, it preserves all automation in the tree.
1.
Press the Pack Tree key in Automation Panel Page 2.
2.
Confirm at the bottom of the panel to pack the pass tree.
Merge Trim
Merge Trim adds the Trim data to the Absolute automation. This operation does not
change the audio but does set the Trim automation to zero. When a Trim move yields a
satisfactory modification, it is simpler to use Merge Trim to keep all the automation in
the Absolute domain. Merge Trim also permits the full 15 dB range for further trim
operations, if necessary.
194
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Clear Automation
Clear Automation deletes all automation passes leaving only an empty pass 0.
NOTE: Since this erases all automation, be careful before executing this command!
1.
Press the Clear Automation key in Automation Panel Page 2.
2.
Confirm at the bottom of the panel to clear automation.
Mix Offset
Normally, the current time display shows the absolute timecode from the beginning
of the tape. It can be useful to show a different time in the current time display. For
example, set the beginning of a song within the tape to 00:00:00:00 so the song time is
readily visible.
To offset the current mix against the incoming timecode:
1.
Enter an offset value into the locate time display using the numeric keypad or
recall a Cue.
The entire time must be entered, beginning with frames. When the first numeric
key is pressed, the display clears to enter the new value.
2.
A time can also be entered by recalling a Cue (see Cue Points on page 146).
Press the Store Locate key followed by the M/Offset key in Automation
Panel Page 1 to store the value in the locate time display.
Press the Store Current key to store the value in the current time display.
Save Mix
The mix can be saved from the eMix directory software on the System Computer. It is
faster, though, to use the dedicated Save Mix key in the center section to save the mix
and automation passes to disk. See Chapter 4: eMix Application for more detailed information on the file system.
195
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
13.13.3 Automation Conform
As video or film sections are inserted, deleted, and moved during post-production, the
Conform utility realigns the automation data to match the edited film. It is important to
emphasize that Conform affects the automation data only; the audio must be realigned in
a separate operation.
Most film editing programs (i.e., AVID Film Composer) produce an Edit Decision List
(EDL) with the start time, end time, and duration for each edit, along with the type of
operation (insert, delete, move), and perhaps a name or other descriptive information
for the edit. The Conform utility does not process the EDL automatically. The EDL
provides the information that is manually input to the Conform utility.
Navigating the Conform Screen
From the bottom of the eMix screen on the System PC, press the Conform tab. The
Conform screen appears (Figure 13-15).
Figure 13-15 Conform screen
Each entry, called a note, appears in chronological order and consists of a Start Time,
Duration, End Time, Operation, and Total Change.
Hot Keys
•
Tab and Shift+Tab: Moves to next/previous field. This may trigger time fields
to be calculated and displayed.
•
Arrow Up/down: Moves to the previous/next entry.
•
Page Up/Down: Scrolls up/down the list by one page.
•
Home/End: Scrolls to the top/bottom of the list.
•
Shift+Page Up/Down: Scrolls to the top/bottom of the list.
196
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Operation Types
Four Operation types are selected from a popup menu:
•
Delete – The Duration between the Start and End Times is deleted.
•
Insert – The Duration between the Start and End Times is inserted.
The inserted section is blank; it contains no automation data.
•
Move – This consists of two operations: a delete from the Start to the End Time
followed by an insert of the same data at the time designated in the to field, which
appears to the right of the Move operation field.
•
Copy – This consists of two operations: a copy from the Start to the End Time
followed by an insert of the same data at the time designated in the to field, which
appears to the right of the Move operation field.
When the Operation field is selected, typing m, i, c, or d on the keyboard selects Move,
Insert, Copy, or Delete, respectively.
Time Display
Click the button labeled FeetFrames or SMPTE (above the Start Time field) to toggle
between formats. Figure 13-15 shows the Conform screen with SMPTE times.
If Feet+Frames is selected:
•
Entering a number into the Frames field larger than 16 will be converted automatically into FeetFrames.
•
Entering a single number, instead of two numbers separated by +, is assumed
to be Frames and is automatically converted to FeetFrames.
If SMPTE is selected:
•
The number entered is parsed in two-digit intervals starting from the right. For
example, if 321215 is entered, the field is resolved to 00:32:12:15.
•
Enter two-digit numbers separated by : and they will be parsed right to left. For
example, if 12:34:22 is entered, the field is resolved to 00:12:34:22.
•
If a number greater than 59 is entered into the seconds or minutes field, it is
properly converted. For example, if 12:78:14 is entered, the field is resolved to
00:13:18:14.
•
If a number greater than or equal to the FPS value stated in the upper right of
the Conform screen is entered into the Frames field, it is properly converted.
At 24 FPS, if 12:18:32 is entered, the field is resolved to 00:12:19:08.
•
The maximum number that can appear in the hours field is 23.
197
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Entering Notes
Click in the Start Time field to begin entering a note. Press the Enter or Tab keys on
the keyboard to move one field to the right. The fields do not have to be entered from
left to right and some fields are calculated automatically. For example, you can select an
Operation before setting time fields. If Start and End Times are entered, the Duration
field is calculated automatically. If Start Time and Duration fields are entered, End is
calculated automatically. The Total Change field is not set by the user but is calculated
automatically. It displays the net time change for all notes up to and including the
present one.
When all notes fields have been filled with valid entries, you must press the Add button,
which automatically enters the note in chronological order with respect to the other notes.
Pressing Enter or Tab with all fields filled with valid entries is equivalent to clicking the
Add button. When the number of notes exceeds the maximum screen size, a scroll bar
appears to display additional pages. Figure 13-16 shows all three operation types.
Figure 13-16 Conform screen with notes
For a Move operation, fill in the first row, including the to field. These values are used
to automatically calculate the corresponding insert row after clicking the Add button.
The to field designates the Start Time for the inserted data and the Duration is identical
to that of the deleted data. The inserted row does not have an Operation field and may
not be adjacent to the row labeled Move. Each row is processed in the order in which it
was entered.
Offset
The initial Offset value is derived from the FeetFrames o-set field in the Locate
Registers Panel. However, entering a new value in the Offset field updates the value
in the FeetFrames o-set field in the Locate Registers Panel. Offset is always stated in
SMPTE format regardless of the Conform screen’s display format.
Since the Offset is most commonly used to designate the film’s reel number, the first
reel uses an Offset value of 00:01:00:00. When toggling to SMPTE, the Offset is added
to the values in the time fields. For example, if a Start Time field has a value of 0+6
and the Offset is 00:01:00:00, clicking FeetFrames changes to SMPTE and the Start
Time now displays 00:01:00:06.
198
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Dynamic Automation
Storing and Recalling Notes
The tabs above the notes area are for global operations and file maintenance:
•
Clear Notes: removes all note entries from the current Conform screen;
The notes are not automatically cleared after a Conform operation.
•
Store Notes: stores the current notes using a standard Windows file saving
dialog box;
•
Recall Notes: recalls a notes file into the current screen using a standard
Windows file opening dialog box.
Executing the Conform Operation
After all notes have been entered and verified, press the Conform button at the bottomcenter of the screen. The Execute Conform dialog box appears (Figure 13-17) to confirm
you wish to proceed. This realigns the automation with the edited film.
Figure 13-17 Execute Conform dialog box
Each Conform operation adds a new pass to the Pass Tree. To undo the Conform operation, return to the pass prior to the pass just created (Section 13.13.2 - Mix Passes).
After the Conform operation, the notes remain displayed in the Conform screen. Be
careful to avoid clicking the Conform button again as this will mis-align the data. If the
button is clicked twice by mistake, undo the second Conform operation.
199
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
200
Dynamic Automation
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
Chapter 14: CM403 Film/Post Module
14.1
CM403
The CM403 fulfills the requirements for a traditional PEC/Direct monitoring system for
the post-production environment. It can be used in single- and multi-operator System 5
consoles. Up to four Post Panels can be installed in a single system. The form factor of
the CM403 is the same as the other CM40x standard control modules. The CM403
houses a TFT and has three same-size panels (i.e., the Film Panel and the Dual-Joystick
Panel). The film panel can be placed above or below the joysticks depending on the
preference of the operator. The user has the option of placing their own motion controller
or other third-party equipment into the spare panel.
201
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.2
CM403 Film/Post Module
The Film Panel
Link allows the user
to select which bus
sections/legs are
under the control of
the master.
MSTR
Dia
Mus
Ext/Rec switch
enables external GPI
to trigger record.
Allows paging for more
than 8 sections (or bussesif the section is expanded).
Sum switch is reserved for future
use. Solo switch lights when a
monitor matrix solo is active and
hitting the switch clears all solos.
FX
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Main
Spkrs
Alt 1
Spkrs
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
Monitor
Insert
Alt 2
Spkrs
Ready
Ready
Ready
Ready
Ready
Ready
Ready
Ready
Ready
Dim
Cut
Dia
Mus
FX
Rec's
Ext's
Spkr
Asgn
Solo
Ctrl
Fold
Down
Talk
Ready switch enables
Record On for selected
busses. Solo and On
switches for monitor inputs
assigned to selected paddle
At the top level, the
displays represent the
8 plus master RECORD section currently assigned
ON/OFF and BUS/PB
to the corresponding
(playback) paddles.
paddles and switches.
A single section can be
expanded onto the
switches and paddles by
hitting the corresponding
Exp/Sel switch.
Figure 14-1 Post Panel Interface
The Film Panel is divided into two distinct parts: the traditional PEC/DIR panel on the
left, and an additional utility panel to the right. The right panel duplicates most of the
CM401’s monitoring and setup functions.
202
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.2.1
CM403 Film/Post Module
The PEC/DIR Panel
This panel houses the traditional paddles used for PEC/DIR, Bus/Playback, or Bus/
Tape switching. The second set of paddles are used to put track(s) into record. There
are eight paddle strips, with associated switches above them, and a master control strip.
Bus/Tape switching on the paddles is consistent with the Dir/Ret CR Source switching
on the CM401 (see Section 5.1 Monitoring) between the Mix busses and their associated returns. However, it is possible to switch not only the whole bus section but also
the individual busses (legs).
By default, each mix bus section is assigned to a paddle. The master simply controls all
linked bus sections at once: press the On switch on the master and all linked On switches turn On. The bus section name appears in the four-character display. All operations
take place within the monitor matrix and affect only the main CR monitors.
Turn a section On and it is sent to the monitors (same as the CM401 monitor section),
solo a section and anything currently assigned to the main monitors is removed, leaving
only the required section. The bus section Bus/Playback switch toggles between listening to the mix busses and their associated returns. The Ready switch enables dropping
the tracks associated with the bus section into record using the record paddle.
MSTR
Dia
FX1
FX2
Mus
E
F
G
H
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
Figure 14-2 Link Key Lit
Link Key: When the Link key is lit, the user can select which sections to link to the
master strip paddles and switches. For example, in Figure 14-2, only the fx1 and fx2
sections are affected by the master controls.
When the Link key is not lit, the keys directly above the display allow the user to descend
a level. This means that the busses within the selected bus section are now assigned to
the paddles and the master strip becomes the selected bus section strip.
203
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM403 Film/Post Module
FX1
L
C
R
Sl
Sc
Sr
B
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
Figure 14-3 Link Key Not Lit
The same functionality applies when the Link key is not lit except the individual busses
are accessed.
The Link operation also still applies and allows the user to dictate which busses within
the section would be affected by the master. Here the C and the R busses are lit to indicate
they are linked to the master strip.
Press the Exp/Sel key on the master strip to return the panel to the top level again.
< Page > Keys: These keys switch the display between two pages of eight-bus sections.
Sum and Solo Keys: The Solo key lights when something is in solo; pressing the lit
Solo key clears the current solo. The Sum key is reserved for future use.
Ext/Rec Key: When the Ext/Rec key is lit, the master record paddle can be triggered
remotely from a GPI.
k1, k2 Keys: These keys are used to toggle the Ext/Rec between record and preview,
k1 record (master record paddle), and k2 preview (master PEC/DIR paddle).
Wave Key: Future versions will use this key for shifted functions.
204
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.2.2
CM403 Film/Post Module
The Monitor Utility Section
Main or Alt monitor
selection and monitor
Cut and Dim.
(same a CM401)
Monitor Insert - toggles
the main monitor bus
inserts in and out.
Main
Spkrs
Alt 1
Spkrs
Monitor
Insert
Alt 2
Spkrs
Dim
Cut
Spkr Asgn - allows user to
reassign a bus to a different
speaker. By default the system
automatically assigns the busses
to the correct speaker based on
the format of the bus.
Solo Control - Selecting Solo
Control brings up selection of
Summing, Intercanceling, or
Momentary for Stems. Also alows
Solo Safe to be set by selecting
the Exp/Sel switch.
Speaker Cut and Solo Direct access to the speaker
On keys. User can also solo
a speaker by selecting the
Solo key first. Turning solo
off returns the speakers to
their previous state.
Dia
Mus
Monitor Source - Rec's brings up
the Bus Sections (Recorders) onto
the displays to the right where the
user can select them. This is the
same as the On keys on the
PEC/DIR panel.
Ext's will display the Externals
FX
Rec's
Ext's
Spkr
Asgn
Solo
Ctrl
The FoldDown switch brings up
the monitor modes on the
displays to the right,
(i.e., mono, stereo, 5.1 etc.)
Fold
Down
Talk
Solo - allows user to
solo externals and monitor
sources.
Scroll keys - scrolls the displays to allow access to
more than 8 bus-sections or externals.
Figure 14-4 Monitor Utility Section
Most of these functions already exist on the current CM401 (see Section 5.1 Monitoring). The only new feature is Spkr Asgn, (Speaker Re-Assign).
205
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM403 Film/Post Module
Speaker Re-Assign
The system automatically sends mix busses to the correct monitor bus based on the bus
format. For example, when monitoring fx1, the left bus of the section is automatically
sent to the left monitor bus. It is sometimes necessary to override this assignment and
send a mix bus to a different monitor bus than was intended.
Main
Spkrs
Alt 1
Spkrs
Monitor
Insert
Alt 2
Spkrs
Dim
Cut
L
C
R
Sl
Rec's
Ext's
Sr
B
Spkr
Asgn
Solo
Ctrl
Fold
Down
Talk
Figure 14-5 Speaker Re-assign
206
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM403 Film/Post Module
It is now possible to use the Exp/Sel keys above the displays on the PEC/DIR paddle
to select busses within a section. When a bus is selected, the Speaker Re-Assign panel
illuminates the current monitor bus assignment. Selecting a different speaker from the
panel re-assigns the bus within the monitor matrix.
Solo Control
The Solo Control switch controls the solo modes, which are similar to the those in the
CM401: summing, intercancel, momentary, and safe.
Solo Safe is applied to the stems by selecting the Exp/Sel key above the stem you wish
to make safe.
Main
Spkrs
Alt 1
Spkrs
Monitor
Insert
Alt 2
Spkrs
Dim
Cut
Mom
Sum
I/C
Rec's
Ext's
Safe
Spkr
Asgn
Solo
Ctrl
Fold
Down
Talk
Figure 14-6 Solo Safe
207
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.2.3
CM403 Film/Post Module
CM403 TFT Display
The TFT screen displays meters and an overview of the monitor bus assignments.
Metering Display
Figure 14-7 Top Level Metering Display
The meters track whatever is currently assigned to the paddles. The send and return for
each bus are displayed on separate meters.
At the top level, where the paddles are assigned to the bus sections, eight meters can be
displayed for each of the mix busses within the section.
Figure 14-8 Bus Level Metering Display
208
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
CM403 Film/Post Module
Bus/Track and Monitor Assignments Display
The lower half of the screen displays 48 mix busses across the top, the first eight bus
sections down the side, and the eight speaker (main monitor bus) outputs.
Figure 14-9 Bus/Track and Monitor Assignments Display
209
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.3
CM403 Film/Post Module
Joystick Module
Two joysticks are housed in a full-width panel mounted in a CM403 module.
Select key
Channel
Display
C1
Activates the
joystick – when off,
channel is not being
controlled
100%
Pan
L/R
Turns joystick
motor on and off
Pan Engage
Snd
F/B
Joystick select/punch
key
Surround Engage
Joystick Wave key is
used with Select/Punch
key to set automation
mode, link to a strip, or
lock from layouts
Solo
Solo Channel
Joystick position matrix
is 19 x 19 LEDs. A
single green LED
indicates the current
position and a diamond
represents the
underlying automation.
Figure 14-10 Joystick Panel controls
14.3.1
Assigning a Channel to a Joystick
Assign a channel to the joystick with the same key strokes used to assign a channel to
a strip.
210
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.3.2
CM403 Film/Post Module
Linking a Joystick to a Strip
A joystick can be linked to a Strip on the console surface so any channel assigned to
that Strip is automatically controlled by the joystick. This process uses a feature called
Strip Expand, which is explained on page 101:
1.
Press the Strips key from the Main Panel on the center section (CM401) to
open the Strip Config Panel (Figure 8-4).
2.
Press the Strip Expand key so it lights.
3.
Press the Wave keys on the desired strip and the joystick.
Both Wave keys will flash.
Assigning a new channel to that strip, either from the CM408 or the Channel Select
Panel on the CM401, allows the joystick to control that channel.
Disable the link by pressing Strip Expand and the joystick’s Wave key.
14.3.3
Layouts
Joystick assignments can be stored/recalled with Layouts and can also be protected
from Layouts using Strip Lock in the Strip Config Panel (see page 101).
14.3.4
Setting the Automation Mode for a Joystick
Set the automation mode for pan and surround parameters controlled by the joystick the
same as a standard strip: Hold down the joystick’s Wave key and press its Select/Punch
key repeatedly to cycle through the automation modes (Isolate, Write Absolute, Read).
The automation mode can also be set by pressing the desired automation mode key on
the CM401 (i.e., Write Abs), which puts the console into a select mode. Then press the
joystick’s Select/Punch key.
14.3.5
Punching in a Joystick
Punch the joystick into record/write by pressing its Select/Punch key or simply move
the joystick (it is always touch-sensitive) to automatically begin recording.
211
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.4
CM403 Film/Post Module
Multi-Operator Console
In a multi-operator post environment, the user experiences a single, large console that
allows multiple operators. In reality, each section is a unique System 5 console, which
allows a maximum number of channels per operator.
The Mix and Solo busses are normally linked across the consoles. Often the Aux and
Group busses are not linked but are local to each operator. In a two-operator system,
one console usually handles the FX and the other Music and Dialog.
Only one console, designated the Master, uses its monitor matrix. Each operator has a
Post Panel located in their section. Although positioned near a particular operator’s surface, each panel is connected to the Master console network allowing access to the
monitor matrix.
14.5
Solo Linking
Although the consoles are almost entirely independent (i.e., file system, automation
system, snapshots, group busses, etc.), the solo system can be linked across consoles
by connecting the System PCs using the unused Ethernet port. This can be done via a
small hub or a single crossover cable. Contact Euphonix customer support for more information.
14.6
Patching
The main patching issue with two-operator consoles is cascading the busses. This is
done using the bus cascade inputs on the DSP core (version 2 and higher).
On the Slave Console:
1.
Take the Bus Outputs and patch them to Device Inputs on the Studio Hub.
2.
Take those Device Inputs on the slave console and physically connect them to
Bus Cascade Inputs on the Master Console DSP core.
On the Master Console, the Bus Cascade Inputs are summed into the Master Console
busses without requiring additional setup.
212
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
14.7
CM403 Film/Post Module
Machine Control
Film environments often require both operators to share control over the machines. A
single TT007 can combine the machine control commands from two consoles.
MMC/MTC
MOTU
TT007
MMC/MTC
Monitor Unit
MOTU
I/F Pilot
I/F Pilot
Slave
Console
Network
Master
Console
Network
Figure 14-11 Master and Slave Console Hookup
14.8
Track Arming
Starting in v2.5, System 5 supported track arming to allow the user to track arm up to
48 tracks of a single machine via MIDI or P2. The 48 mix busses are hard-mapped to
the 48 tracks. To support arming over multiple P2 machines (i.e., eight 6-track, six 8-track,
or two 24-track machines), a third-party device that distributes 48 tracks from one P2 port
to multiple P2 ports is required. Contact Euphonix customer support for more information.
14.9
Solo-In-Place
Whenever a channel is in solo, any sources currently assigned to the monitors are temporarily removed (i.e., externals and returns). The monitors automatically source the direct
outputs from the console busses. When the channel is no longer in solo, the monitors
revert to their setup prior to the solo.
213
System 5 Digital Audio Mixing System Operation Manual
214
CM403 Film/Post Module
Download PDF

advertising