AGILENT/HP N8211A Datasheet - Test Equipment Solutions UK

Test Equipment Solutions Datasheet
Test Equipment Solutions Ltd specialise in the second user sale, rental and distribution of
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Return On Capital Employed.
We are based near Heathrow Airport in the UK from where we supply test equipment
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All products supplied by Test Equipment Solutions include:
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Agilent
N8211A Performance Analog Upconverter
Synthetic Instrument Module
250 kHz to 20/40 GHz
Data Sheet
The Agilent Technologies N8211A performance analog upconverter is a fully
synthesized 20 or 40 GHz synthetic instrument module that converts a baseband
signal to a microwave signal. The N8211A is an analog microwave source that
generates a stimulus signal by upconverting a baseband signal with superior AM,
FM, phase, and pulse modulation capabilities (external or internal modulation).
The N8211A is based upon the PSG analog signal generator’s high output power,
low phase noise, and excellent level accuracy.
Agilent’s synthetic instrument family offers the highest-performing RF/MW
LAN-based modular instrumentation and the smallest footprint for automated
test systems (ATSs); providing the maximum flexibility and minimizing the cost
of an ATS over its lifetime.
• Fully LXI Class-A compliant
• Similar performance to the Agilent E8257D PSG analog signal generator, 20/40 GHz
• Coherent LO input/output ports allowing use of a common LO signal with
multiple upconverters to provide coherent upconversion capability
• CW, digital step, or analog ramp sweeps
• Optional step attenuator, narrow pulse capability, enhanced phase noise performance
Table of Contents
Definitions and Conditions
Definitions and Conditions . . . . . . . . . . 2
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
All specifications and characteristics apply
over a 0 to 55 °C range (unless otherwise
stated) and apply after a 45 minute warm-up
time. Supplemental characteristics, denoted
as typical, nominal, or measured, provide
additional (non-warranted) information,
which may be useful in the application
of the product.
Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Step (digital) sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Ramp (analog) sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Spectral purity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Frequency modulation (Option UNT) . . . 11
Phase modulation (Option UNT) . . . . . . 12
Amplitude modulation (Option UNT) . . . 13
External modulation inputs
(Ext1 & Ext2) (Option UNT) . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Simultaneous modulation
(Option UNT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Internal modulation source
(Option UNT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Pulse modulation (Option UNU) . . . . . . . 15
Narrow pulse modulation
(Option UNW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Internal pulse generator
(Option UNU or UNW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Simultaneous modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Remote programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
General specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Shock and vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) . . 18
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Recommended calibration cycle . . . . . . 19
ISO compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Specifications (spec): Specifications
describe the performance of parameters
covered by the product warranty and apply
over 0 to 55 °C temperature range unless
otherwise noted.
Typical (typ): Represents characteristic
performance which is non-warranted.
Describes performance that will be met
by a minimum of 80% of all products.
Nominal (nom): Nominal values indicate
expected performance, or describe
product performance that is useful in
the application of the product, but is not
covered by the product warranty. Nominal
values represent the value of a parameter
that is most likely to occur; they represent
the expected mean or average.
Measured (meas.): Measured values
represent the value of a parameter
measured on an instrument during the
design stage. Measured values are
non-warranted.
Input/Output Descriptions . . . . . . . . . 20
Front panel connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Front panel indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Rear panel connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
The N8211A performance analog
upconverter will meet its specifications
when:
Ordering Information and Options . . . 23
Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
• Stored a minimum of two hours within
the operating temperature range and
turned on for at least 45 minutes.
• The instrument is within its two-year
calibration cycle.
Support, Services, and Assistance . . 25
2
Specifications
Frequency
Range1
Option 520
Option 540
250 kHz to 20 GHz
250 kHz to 40 GHz
Resolution
CW
All sweep modes
0.001 Hz
0.01 Hz2
Accuracy
Aging rate ± temperature effects ± line voltage effects
Switching speed3, 4
< 11 ms (typ)
Phase offset
Adjustable in nominal 0.1° increments
Frequency bands
Band
Frequency range
N#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
250 kHz to 250 MHz
> 250 to 500 MHz
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz
> 1 to 2 GHz
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
1/8
1/16
1/8
1/4
1/2
1
2
4
Accuracy
Aging rate ± temperature effects ± line voltage effects
Internal timebase reference oscillator
Standard
Option UNX
< ±1 x 10–7/year or
< ±4.5 x 10–9/day
after 45 days
< ±3 x10–8/year or
< ±2.5 x 10–10/day
after 30 days
Standard
Option UNX
< ±5 x 10–8 0 to 55 °C (typ)
< ±4.5 x 10–9 0 to 55 °C (typ)
Standard
Option UNX
< ±2 x 10–9 for +5% –10% change (typ)
< ±2 x 10–10 for ±10% change (typ)
1, 2, 2.5, 5, 10 MHz
10 MHz only
±0.2 ppm
±1.0 ppm
Aging rate
Temperature effects
Line voltage effects
External reference frequency
Lock range
Reference output
Frequency
Amplitude
10 MHz
> +4 dBm into 50 Ω load (typ)
External reference input
Amplitude
Option UNX
Input impedance
> –3 dBm
5 dBm ±5 dB5
50 Ω (nom)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Usable, but unspecified, down to 100 kHz.
In ramp sweep mode (Option 007), resolution is limited with narrow spans and slow sweep speeds. Refer to ramp sweep specifications for more information.
Time from IEEE 1588 trigger to within 0.1 ppm of final frequency above 250 MHz or within 100 Hz below 250 MHz.
Add 12 ms (typ) when switching from greater than 3.2 GHz to less than 3.2 GHz.
To optimize phase noise 5 dBm ± 2 dB.
3
Specifications (continued)
Step (digital) sweep
Operating modes
Step sweep of frequency or amplitude or both (start to stop)
List sweep of frequency or amplitude or both (arbitrary list)
Sweep range
Frequency sweep
Amplitude sweep
Within instrument frequency range
Within attenuator hold range (see “Output” section)
Dwell time
1 ms to 60 s
Number of points
2 to 65535 (step sweep)
2 to 1601 per table (list sweep)
Triggering
Auto, external, single, or LAN IEEE 1588
Settling time6
Frequency
Amplitude
< 8 ms (typ)
< 5 ms (typ)
Ramp (analog) sweep (Option 007)7, 8
Operating modes
Synthesized frequency sweep (start/stop), (center/span), (swept CW)
Power (amplitude) sweep (start/stop)
Sweep span range
Settable from minimum9 to full range
Maximum sweep rate
Start frequency
Maximum sweep rate
Max span for 100 ms sweep
250 kHz to < 0.5 GHz
0.5 to < 1 GHz
1 to < 2 GHz
2 to < 3.2 GHz
≥ 3.2 GHz
25 MHz/ms
50 MHz/ms
100 MHz/ms
200 MHz/ms
400 MHz/ms
2.5 GHz
5 GHz
10 GHz
20 GHz
40 GHz
Frequency accuracy
±0.05% of span ± timebase (at 100 ms sweep time, for sweep spans less than maximum values
given above)
Accuracy improves proportionally as sweep time increases10
Sweep time
Resolution
Manual mode settable
Auto mode
(Forward sweep, not including bandswitch and retrace intervals)
1 ms
10 ms to 200 seconds
Set to minimum value determined by maximum sweep rate
Triggering
Auto, external, single, LAN IEEE 1588, or LXI trigger bus
Markers
Display
Functions
10 independent continuously variable frequency markers
Z-axis intensity or RF amplitude pulse
M1 to center, M1/M2 to start/stop, marker delta
6.
7.
8.
9.
19 ms (typical) when stepping from greater than 3.2 GHz to less than 3.2 GHz.
During ramp sweep operation, AM, FM, phase modulation, and pulse modulation are usable but performance is not guaranteed.
The N8211A does not support operation with swept scalar analyzers, such as the 8757 family.
Minimum settable sweep span is proportional to carrier frequency and sweep time. Actual sweep span may be slightly different than desired setting for spans less
than [0.00004% of carrier frequency or 140 Hz] x [sweep time in seconds]. Actual span will always be displayed correctly.
10. Typical accuracy for sweep times > 100 ms can be calculated from the equation: [(0.005% of span)/(sweep time in seconds)] ± timebase. Accuracy is not specified
for sweep times < 100 ms.
4
Specifications (continued)
Output
Power11 (dBm)
Frequency range
Standard
Option 1EA spec. (typ.)
Option 520
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option UNW
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option 1EH
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Options UNW and 1EH
> 3.2 to 5.2 GHz
> 5.2 to 12 GHz
> 12 to 20 GHz
–20 to +13
–20 to +11
–20 to +1312
–20 to +1012
–20 to +13
–20 to +13
–20 to +13
–20 to +16 (+19)
–20 to +11 (+14)
–20 to +13 (+16)12
–20 to +10 (+13)12
–20 to +22 (+23)
–20 to +23 (+24)
–20 to +21 (+23)
Option 540
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option UNW
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option 1EH
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Options UNW and 1EH
> 3.2 to 17 GHz
> 17 to 37 GHz
> 37 to 40 GHz
–20 to +9
–20 to +9
–20 to +9
–20 to +912
–20 to +9
–20 to +9
–20 to +9
–20 to +15 (+18)
–20 to +10 (+13)
–20 to +12 (+15)12
–20 to +9 (+ 12)12
–20 to +17 (+19)
–20 to +14 (+17)
–20 to +12 (+15)
Option 520 with step
attenuator (Option 1E1)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option UNW
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option 1EH
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Options UNW and 1EH
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
–135 to +11
–135 to +10
–135 to +1013
–135 to +912
–135 to +11
–135 to +11
–135 to +15 (+18)
–135 to +10 (+13)
–135 to +12 (+15)12
–135 to +9 (+12)12
–135 to +21 (+22)
–135 to +19 (+20)
Option 540 with step
attenuator (Option 1E1)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option UNW
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option 1EH
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Options UNW and 1EH
3.2 to 17 GHz
17 to 37 GHz
37 to 40 GHz
–135 to +7
–135 to +7
–135 to +7
–135 to +713
–135 to +7
–135 to +7
–135 to +7
–135 to +14 (+17)
–135 to +9 (+12)
–135 to +11 (+14)12
–135 to +8 (+11)12
–135 to +15 (+18)
–135 to +12 (+15)
–135 to +10 (+14)
Step attenuator14 (Option 1E1)
Options 520 and 540
0 dB and 5 to 115 dB in 10 dB steps
Maximum available power (measured)
11. Maximum power specification is warranted from 15 to 35 ºC, and is typical from 0 to 15 ºC. Maximum power over the 35 to 55 ºC range typically degrades
less than 2 dB.
12. With harmonic filters switched off. With filters on, maximum output power is reduced 3 dB for frequencies below 2 GHz.
13. With harmonic filters switched off. With filters on, maximum output power is reduced 2 dB for frequencies below 2 GHz.
14. The step attenuator provides coarse power attenuation to achieve low power levels. Fine power level adjustment is provided by the ALC (Automatic Level Control)
within the attenuator hold range.
5
Specifications (continued)
Output (continued)
Attenuator hold range minimum
From –20 dBm to maximum specified output power with step attenuator in 0 dB position; can be
offset using Option 1E1 attenuator
Amplitude switching speed15
CW or analog modulation
< 3 ms (typ) with ALC on or off, without power search
Level accuracy16 (dB)
Frequency
> +10 dBm
+10 to 0 dBm
0 to –10 dBm
–10 to –20 dBm
250 kHz to 2 GHz
2 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
±0.6
±0.8
±1.0
±0.6
±0.8
±0.9
±0.6
±0.8
±0.9
±1.4
±1.2
±1.3
Frequency
> +10 dBm
+10 to –10 dBm
–10 to –70 dBm
–70 to –90 dBm
250 kHz to 2 GHz
> 2 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
±0.6
±0.8
±1.0
±0.6
±0.8
±0.9
±0.7
±0.9
±1.0
±0.8
±1.0
±2.0
Level accuracy with step
attenuator (Option 1E1)17 (dB)
Options 520 and 540
Option 540 with Option 1E1 at -110 dBm (measured)
Errorr (dB)
Errorr (dB)
Option 520 with Option 1E1 at -110 dBm (measured)
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
-0.05
-0.1
-0.15
-0.2
0
4
8
12
16
20
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
0
Frequency (GHz)
Resolution
0.01 dB
Temperature stability
0.01 dB/°C (typ)
User flatness correction
Number of points
Number of tables
Path loss
Entry modes
2 to 1601 points/table
Up to 10,000 memory limited
Arbitrary, within attenuator range
Remote power meter18, remote bus, manual (user edit/view)
10
20
30
Frequency (GHz)
15. To within 0.1 dB of final amplitude within one attenuator range. Add 10 to 50 ms when using power search.
16. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes over the 15 to 35 ºC temperature range. Degradation outside this range, for power levels > –10 dBm,
is typically < 0.3 dB. In ramp sweep mode (with Option 007), specifications are typical. Specifications do not apply above the maximum specified power.
17. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes over the 15 to 35 ºC temperature range, with attenuator hold off (normal operating mode). Degradation
outside this range, for ALC power levels > –10 dBm, is typically < 0.3 dB. In ramp sweep mode (with Option 007), specifications are typical. Specifications do not
apply above the maximum specified power.
18. Compatible with Agilent N1911A and N1912A power meters as well as EPM Series (E4418B and E4419B) power meters.
6
40
Specifications (continued)
Output (continued)
Output impedance
50 Ω (nom)
SWR (internally leveled) (typ)
250 kHz to 2 GHz
> 2 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz to 40 GHz
< 1.4:1
< 1.6:1
< 1.8:1
Leveling modes
Internal leveling, external detector leveling, millimeter source module, ALC off
External detector leveling
Range
Bandwidth
–0.2 mV to –0.5 V (nom) (–36 dBm to +4 dBm using Agilent 33330D/E detector)
Selectable 0.1 to 100 kHz (nom) (Note: Not intended for pulsed operation)
Maximum reverse power
1/2 Watt, 0 VDC
Spectral purity
Harmonics19
< 10 MHz
10 MHz to 2 GHz
10 MHz to 2 GHz (with
Option 1EH filters on)
>2 GHz to 20 GHz
>20 GHz to 40 GHz (Option 540)
(at +10 dBm or maximum specified output power, whichever is lower)
–28 dBc (typical below 1 MHz)
–30 dBc20
–55 dBc21
–55 dBc
–50 dBc (typ)
-30
-30
-40
-40
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
19.
20.
21.
22.
2000 4000 6000 8000 10000
Frequency (MHz)
Harmonics (dBc)
-30
0
Sub-harmonics22
250 kHz to 10 GHz
> 10 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz
Option 540 40 GHz standard harmonic
performance (measured)
O
Harmonics (dBc)
Harmonics (dBc)
Option 520 20 GHz standard harmonic
performance (measured)
-50
-60
-70
-80
0
-50
-60
-70
-80
0
5000 10000 15000
Frequency (MHz)
(at +10 dBm or maximum specified output power, whichever is lower)
None
< –60 dBc
< –50 dBc
Specifications are typical for harmonics beyond specified frequency range.
Typical below 250 MHz if Option 1EH is installed and the filters are off.
In ramp sweep mode (Option 007), harmonics are –28 dBc below 250 MHz.
Sub-harmonics are defined as Carrier Freq / N. Specifications are typical for sub-harmonics beyond specified frequency range.
7
20000
Specifications (continued)
Spectral purity (continued)
Non-harmonics23
SSB phase noise (CW)24
(at +10 dBm or maximum specified output power, whichever is lower, for offsets > 3 KHz
[> 300 Hz with Option UNX])
Frequency
Spec
Typical
250 kHz to 250 MHz
> 250 MHz to 1 GHz
> 1 to 2 GHz
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
–65
–80
–74
–68
–62
–56
–50
–72 for > 10 kHz offsets
–88
–82
–76
–70
–64
–58
Frequency
20 kHz
20 kHz (typical)
250 kHz to 250 MHz25
–130
–134
–130
–124
–120
–110
–104
–98
–134
–138
–134
–128
–124
–113
–108
–102
Offset from carrier (dBc/Hz)
> 250 to 500 MHz25
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz25
> 1 to 2 GHz25
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
Option UNX: Absolute SSB
phase noise (dBc/Hz) (CW)24
Offset from carrier
Frequency
1 Hz spec (typical)
10 Hz spec (typical)
100 Hz spec (typical)
250 kHz to 250 MHz25
> 250 to 500 MHz25
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz25
> 1 to 2 GHz25
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
–58 (–66)
–61 (–72)
–57 (–65)
–51 (–58)
–46 (–54)
–37 (–44)
–31 (–38)
–25 (–32)
–87 (–94)
–88 (–98)
–84 (–93)
–79 (–86)
–74 (–82)
–65 (–72)
–59 (–66)
–53 (–60)
–104 (–120)
–108 (–118)
–101 (–111)
–96 (–106)
–92 (–102)
–81 (–92)
–75 (–87)
–69 (–79)
Frequency
1 kHz spec (typical)
10 kHz spec (typical)
100 kHz spec (typical)
250 kHz to 250 MHz25
–121 (–128)
–126 (–132)
–121 (–130)
–115 (–124)
–111 (–120)
–101 (–109)
–95 (–106)
–89 (–99)
–128 (–132)
–132 (–136)
–130 (–134)
–124 (–129)
–120 (–124)
–110 (–114)
–104 (–107)
–98 (–101)
–130 (–133)
–136 (–141)
–130 (–135)
–124 (–129)
–120 (–124)
–110 (–115)
–104 (–109)
–98 (–103)
> 250 to 500 MHz25
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz25
> 1 to 2 GHz25
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
23. Specifications apply for CW mode, without modulation. In ramp sweep mode (Option 007), performance is typical for offsets > 1 MHz.
24. Phase noise specifications are warranted from 15 to 35 ºC.
25. Measured at +10 dBm or maximum specified power, whichever is less.
8
Specifications (continued)
Spectral purity (continued)
Option UNX: Residual SSB
phase noise (dBc/Hz) (CW)26
Offset from carrier
Frequency
1 Hz spec (typical)
250 kHz to 250 MHz27
(–94)
(–101)
(–94)
(–89)
(–85)
(–74)
> 250 to 500 MHz27
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz27
> 1 to 2 GHz27
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
Frequency
1 kHz spec (typical)
250 kHz to 250 MHz27
–120 (–126)
–124 (–131)
–120 (–126)
–114 (–120)
–110 (–116)
(–106)
> 250 to 500 MHz27
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz27
> 1 to 2 GHz27
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
10 Hz spec (typical)
–100 (–107)
–105 (–112)
–100 (–107)
–96 (–101)
–92 (–97)
(–87)
10 kHz spec (typical)
–128 (–132)
–132 (–136)
–130 (–134)
–124 (–129)
–120 (–124)
(–114)
100 Hz spec (typical)
–110 (–118)
–115 (–122)
–110 (–118)
–104 (–112)
–100 (–108)
(–98)
100 kHz spec (typical)
–130 (–133)
–136 (–141)
–130 (–134)
–124 (–129)
–120 (–124)
(–115)
Residual FM
CW mode
Option UNX
Ramp sweep mode
(rms, 50 Hz to 15 kHz bandwidth)
< N x 6 Hz (typ)
< N x 4 Hz (typ)
< N x 1 kHz (typ)
Broadband noise
(CW mode at +10 dBm or maximum specified output power, whichever is lower, for
offsets > 10 MHz)
< –148 dBc/Hz (typ)
< –141 dBc/Hz (typ)
> 2.4 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
26. Phase noise specifications are warranted from 15 to 35 ºC.
27. Measured at +10 dBm or maximum specified power, whichever is less.
9
Specifications (continued)
Spectral purity (continued)
Measured phase noise
Standard phase noise
Option UNX phase noise
Standard SSB phase noise (measured)
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
40 GHz
20 GHz
10 GHz
1 GHz
10
100
1k
10 k
100 k
1M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M
Option UNX SSB phase noise (measured)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
1
100 M
Standard vs Option UNX phase noise
40 GHz
20 GHz
10 GHz
1 GHz
10
Measured RMS jitter28
Standard
Option UNX
10
100
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M 100 M
AM noise at 10 GHz (measured)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
10 GHz UNX
10 GHz STD
1
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
AM noise at 10 GHz
Standard vs option UNX at 10 GHz (measured)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
100
10 M 100 M
1
10
100
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M 100 M
Carrier
frequency
SONET/SDH
data rates
RMS jitter
bandwidth
Unit intervals
(µUI)
Time
(fs)
155 MHz
622 MHz
2.488 GHz
9.953 GHz
39.812 GHz
(with Option 540)
155 MB/s
622 MB/s
2488 MB/s
9953 MB/s
39812 MB/s
100 Hz to 1.5 MHz
1 kHz to 5 MHz
5 kHz to 20 MHz
10 kHz to 80 MHz
40 kHz to 320 MHz
25
21
57
152
627
158
34
23
15
16
Carrier
frequency
SONET/SDH
data rates
RMS jitter
bandwidth
Unit intervals
(µUI)
Time
(fs)
155 MHz
622 MHz
2.488 GHz
9.953 GHz
39.812 GHz
(with Option 540)
155 MB/s
622 MB/s
2488 MB/s
9953 MB/s
39812 MB/s
100 Hz to 1.5 MHz
1 kHz to 5 MHz
5 kHz to 20 MHz
10 kHz to 80 MHz
40 kHz to 320 MHz
23
19
56
152
626
151
30
22
15
16
28. Calculated from phase noise performance in CW mode only at +10 dBm.
10
Specifications (continued)
Frequency modulation (Option UNT)
Maximum deviation29
Frequency
Maximum deviation
250 kHz to 250 MHz
> 250 to 500 MHz
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz
> 1 GHz to 2 GHz
> 2 GHz to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 GHz to 10 GHz
> 10 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz to 40 GHz
2 MHz
1 MHz
2 MHz
4 MHz
8 MHz
16 MHz
32 MHz
64 MHz
Resolution
0.1% of deviation or 1 Hz, whichever is greater
Deviation accuracy
< ± 3.5% of FM deviation + 20 Hz (1 kHz rate, deviations < N x 800 kHz)
Modulation frequency response30
Path [coupling]
Rates (at 100 kHz deviation)
1 dB bandwidth
3 dB bandwidth (typical)
FM path 1 [DC]
FM path 2 [DC]
FM path 1 [AC]
FM path 2 [AC]
DC to 100 kHz
DC to 100 kHz
20 Hz to 100 kHz
20 Hz to 100 kHz
DC to 10 MHz
DC to 1 MHz
5 Hz to 10 MHz
5 Hz to 1 MHz
DC FM31 carrier offset
±0.1% of set deviation + (N x 8 Hz)
Distortion
< 1% (1 kHz rate, deviations < N x 800 kHz)
Sensitivity
±1 Vpeak for indicated deviation
Paths
FM1 and FM2 are summed internally for composite modulation. Either path may be switched to
any one of the modulation sources: Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, Internal2. The FM2 path is limited to a
maximum rate of 1 MHz. The FM2 path must be set to a deviation less than FM1.
29. Through any combination of path1, path2, or path1 + path2.
30. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes. During ramp sweep operation (Option 007), 3 dB bandwidth is typically 50 kHz to 10 MHz (FM1 path),
and 50 kHz to 1 MHz (FM2 path).
31. At the calibrated deviation and carrier frequency, within 5 °C of ambient temperature at time of user calibration.
11
Specifications (continued)
Phase modulation (Option UNT)
Maximum deviation32
Frequency
Normal BW mode
High BW mode
250 kHz to 250 MHz
> 250 to 500 MHz
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz
> 1 GHz to 2 GHz
> 2 GHz to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 GHz to 10 GHz
> 10 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz to 40 GHz
20 rad
10 rad
20 rad
40 rad
80 rad
160 rad
320 rad
640 rad
2 rad
1 rad
2 rad
4 rad
8 rad
16 rad
32 rad
64 rad
Resolution
0.1% of set deviation
Deviation accuracy
< ±5% of deviation + 0.01 radians (1 kHz rate, normal BW mode)
Modulation frequency response33
Normal BW mode
High BW mode
DC to 100 kHz
DC to 1MHz (typical)34
Rates (3 dB BW)
Distortion
< 1 % (1 kHz rate, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD), dev < N x 80 rad, normal BW mode)
Sensitivity
±1 Vpeak for indicated deviation
Paths
ΦM1 and ΦM2 are summed internally for composite modulation. Either path may be switched to
any one of the modulation sources: Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, Internal2. The ΦM2 path must be set to a
deviation less than ΦM1.
32. Through any combination of path1, path2, or path1 + path2.
33. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes. During ramp sweep operation (Option 007), 3 dB bandwidth is typically 50 kHz to 1 MHz (high BW mode).
34. Path 1 is usable to 4 MHz for external inputs less than 0.3 V peak.
12
Specifications (continued)
Amplitude modulation35 (Option UNT) (typical)
Depth
Maximum
ALC on
ALC off or deep AM on36
Settable
Resolution
Accuracy (1 kHz rate)
Ext sensitivity
Linear mode
Exponential (log) mode (downward modulation only)
> 90%
> 95%
0 to 100 %
(0 to 100%/volt sensitivity)
0.1%
< ±(6 % of setting + 1 %)
> 20 dB
> 40 dB37
0 to 40 dB
(0 to 40 dB/volt sensitivity)
0.01 dB
< ±(2% of setting + 0.2 dB)
Linear mode
Exponential (log) mode (downward modulation only)
±1 Vpeak for indicated depth
–1 V for indicated depth
Rates (3 dB bandwidth, 30% depth)
DC coupled
AC coupled
0 to 100 kHz
10 Hz to 100 kHz (usable to 1 MHz)
Distortion (1 kHz rate, linear mode,
total harmonic distortion)
30% AM
60% AM
< 1.5%
< 2%
Paths
AM1 and AM2 are summed internally for composite modulation. Either path may be switched to
any one of the modulation sources: Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, Internal2.
External modulation inputs (Ext1 & Ext2) (Option UNT)
Modulation types
AM, FM, and ΦM
Input impedance
50 or 600 Ω (nom) switched
High/low indicator
(100 Hz to 10 MHz BW,
ac coupled inputs only)
Activated when input level error exceeds 3% (nom)
35. AM specifications are typical. For carrier frequencies below 2 MHz AM is usable but not warranted. Unless otherwise stated, specifications apply with ALC on,
deep AM off, and envelope peaks within ALC operating range (–20 dBm to maximum specified power, excluding step-attenuator setting).
36. For reduced distortion at high modulation depths, either level hold mode (ALC-off with power search) or deep AM mode should be used. With ALC-On in deep AM
mode, waveform peaks are controlled by ALC system, and the lower portion of the waveform (below –10 dBm nominal ALC level) is subject to sample-and-hold drift
of approximately 0.25 dB/second.
37. To achieve > 40 dB depth, less than –1 V external input may be required.
13
Specifications (continued)
Simultaneous modulation (Option UNT)
All modulation types may be simultaneously enabled except: FM with ΦM, and linear AM with exponential AM. AM, FM, and ΦM can sum
simultaneous inputs from any two sources (Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, or Internal2). Any given source (Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, or Internal2) may be
routed to only one activated modulation type.
Internal modulation source (Option UNT)
Dual function generators provide two independent signals (Internal1 and Internal2) for use with AM, FM, ΦM, or LF Out
Waveforms
Rate range
Sine
Square, ramp, triangle
Resolution
Accuracy
LF Out
Output
Amplitude
Output impedance
Swept sine mode (frequency,
phase continuous)
Operating modes
Frequency range
Sweep rate
Resolution
Sine, square, positive ramp, negative ramp, triangle, Gaussian noise, uniform noise, swept sine,
dual sine38
0.5 Hz to 1 MHz
0.5 Hz to 100 kHz
0.5 Hz
Same as timebase
Internal1 or Internal2; also provides monitoring of Internal1 or Internal2 when used for AM, FM,
or ΦM
0 to 3 Vpeak, (nom) into 50 Ω
50 Ω (nom)
Triggered or continuous sweeps
1 Hz to 1 MHz
0.5 Hz to 100 kHz sweeps/s, equivalent to sweep times 10 µs to 2 s
0.5 Hz (0.5 sweep/s)
38. Internal2 is not available when using swept sine or dual sine modes.
14
Specifications (continued)
Pulse modulation39, 40 (Option UNU)
500 MHz to 3.2 GHz
Above 3.2 GHz
On/Off ratio
80 dB (typ)
80 dB
Rise/Fall times (Tr, Tf)
100 ns (typ)
6 ns (typ)
Minimum pulse width
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with
power search)
2 µs
0.5 µs
1 µs
0.15 µs
Repetition frequency
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with
power search)
10 Hz to 250 kHz
DC to 1 MHz
10 Hz to 500 kHz
DC to 3 MHz
Level accuracy (relative to CW)
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with
power search)
±0.5 dB
±0.5 dB (typ)
±0.5 dB
±0.5 dB (typ)
Width compression
(RF width relative to video out)
±50 ns (typ)
±5 ns (typ)
Video feed-through41
< 200 mv (typ)
< 2 mv (typ)
Video delay (ext input to video)
40 ns (nom)
40 ns (nom)
RF delay (video to RF output)
280 ns (nom)
35 ns (nom)
Pulse overshoot
< 10% (typ)
< 10% (typ)
Input level
+1 Vpeak = RF On
+1 Vpeak = RF On
Input impedance
50 Ω (nom)
50 Ω (nom)
39. With ALC off, specs apply after the execution of power search. Specifications apply with Atten Hold Off (default mode for instruments with attenuator), or ALC level
between –5 and 10 dBm or maximum specific power, whichever is lower.
40. Power search is a calibration routine that improves level accuracy with ALC off. The instrument microprocessor momentarily closes the ALC loop to find the
modulator drive setting necessary to make the quiescent RF level equal to an entered value, then opens the ALC loop while maintaining that modulator drive
setting. When executing power search, RF power will be present for typically 10 to 50 ms; the step attenuator (Option 1E1) can be set to automatically switch to
maximum attenuation to protect sensitive devices. Power search can be configured to operate either automatically or manually at the carrier frequency, or over a
user-definable frequency range.
41. With attenuator in 0 dB position. Video feed-through decreases with attenuator setting.
15
Specifications (continued)
Narrow pulse modulation42, 43 (Option UNW)
10 MHz to 3.2 GHz
Above 3.2 GHz
On/Off ratio
80 dB
80 dB
Rise/Fall times (Tr, Tf)
10 ns (8 ns typ)
10 ns (6 ns typ)
Minimum pulse width
Internally leveled:
Level hold (ALC off with
power search)
1 µs
20 ns
1 µs
20 ns
Repetition frequency
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with
power search)
10 Hz to 500 kHz
DC to 5 MHz
10 Hz to 500 kHz
DC to 10 MHz
Level accuracy (relative to CW)
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with
power search)
±0.5 dB
±1.3 dB (typ)
±0.5 dB (0.15 dB typ)
≤ 20 GHz: ±0.5 dB (typ)
Width compression
(RF width relative to video out)
±5 ns (typ)
±5 ns (typ)
Video feed-through44
< 125 mv (typ)
< 2 mv (typ)
Video delay (ext input to video)
50 ns (nom)
50 ns (nom)
RF delay (video to RF output)
45 ns (nom)
35 ns (nom)
Pulse overshoot
< 15% (typ)
< 10% (typ)
Input level
+1 Vpeak = RF On
+1 Vpeak = RF On
Input impedance
50 Ω (nom)
50 Ω (nom)
Measured pulse modulation envelope
Freq = 10 GHz, Amp = 10 dBM, ALC = OFF, Pulse width = 50 ns
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Timebase (nsec)
70
80
90
100
42. With ALC off, specs apply after the execution of power search. Specifications apply with Atten Hold Off (default mode for instruments with attenuator), or ALC level
between –5 and 10 dBm or maximum specific power, whichever is lower.
43. Power search is a calibration routine that improves level accuracy with ALC off. The instrument microprocessor momentarily closes the ALC loop to find the
modulator drive setting necessary to make the quiescent RF level equal to an entered value, then opens the ALC loop while maintaining that modulator drive
setting. When executing power search, RF power will be present for typically 10 to 50 ms; the step attenuator (Option 1E1) can be set to automatically switch to
maximum attenuation to protect sensitive devices. Power search can be configured to operate either automatically or manually at the carrier frequency, or over a
user-definable frequency range.
44. With attenuator in 0 dB position. Video feed-through decreases with attenuator setting.
16
Specifications (continued)
Internal pulse generator (Option UNU or UNW)
Modes
Free-run, triggered, triggered with delay, doublet, and gated. Triggered with delay, doublet, and
gated require external trigger source.
Period (PRI) (Tp)
70 ns to 42 s (Repetition frequency: 0.024 Hz to 14.28 MHz)
Pulse width (Tw)
10 ns to 42 s
Delay (Td)
Free-run mode
Triggered with delay and
doublet modes
0 to ±42 s
75 ns to 42 s with ±10 ns jitter
Resolution
10 ns (width, delay, and PRI)
Td Video delay (variable)
Tw Video pulse width (variable)
Tp Pulse period (variable)
Tm RF delay
Trf RF pulse width
Tf RF pulse fall time
Tr RF pulse rise time
Vor Pulse overshoot
Vf Video feedthrough
Sync
Output
Td
Video
Output
50%
50%
Tw
Tp
Tm
RF Pulse
Output
50%
10%
90%
Tr
Vor
Vf
Trf
Tf
Simultaneous modulation
All modulation types (FM, AM, ΦM, and pulse modulations) may be simultaneously enabled except: FM with ΦM, and linear AM with
exponential AM. AM, FM, and ΦM can sum simultaneous inputs from any two sources (Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, or Internal2). Any given source
(Ext1, Ext2, Internal1, or Internal2) may be routed to only one activated modulation type.
Remote programming
Interfaces
LXI Class-A compliant instrument
LXI over 100BaseT LAN interface
Triggering
LXI LAN based triggering
IEEE 1588 time-based triggering
LXI hardware trigger bus
Control languages
IVI-COM - Interchangeable Virtual Instrument Common Object Model
IVI-C - Interchangeable Virtual Instrument C (using C programming language)
17
Specifications (continued)
General specifications
Power requirements
Power consumption
100 to 240 V, 50/60 Hz (automatically selected)
250 watts (typical), < 300 watts (maximum)
Standby: < 20 watts (typical)
Environmental
Samples of this product have been type tested in accordance with the Agilent Environmental Test Manual and verified to be robust against
the environmental stresses of storage, transportation and end-use; those stresses include, but are not limited to temperature, humidity, shock,
vibration, altitude, and power line conditions. Test methods are aligned with IEC 60068-2 and levels are similar to MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3.
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range45
Relative humidity
Altitude
Audio noise
0 to 55 °C
–40 to +70 °C
Type tested: 0 to 95% at 40 °C, (non-condensing)
Type tested: 0 m to 4600 m above mean sea level
LNPE < 70 dB(A), tested according to ISO 7779
Shock and vibration
Operating random vibration
Survival random vibration
Survival swept sine vibration
End use handling shock
Transportation shock
Functional shock
Bench drop test
Type tested: 5 to 500 Hz, 0.21 grms
Type tested: 5 to 500 Hz, 2.09 grms
Type tested: 5 to 500 Hz, 0.5 gpeak
Type tested: Half sine, 60 in/sec ∆V, 2-3 ms duration
Type tested: Trapezoidal, 50 g, 337 in/s ∆V
Type tested: Half-sine, 30 g, 11 ms
Type tested: Per MIL-PRF28800F
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Complies with European EMC
Directive 89/336/EEC,
amended by 93/68/EEC
IEC/EN 61326
CISPR Pub 11 Group 1, Class A
AS/NZS CISPR 11:2002
ICES/NMB-001
Safety
Complies with European Low
Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC,
amended by 93/68/EEC
IEC/EN 61010
Canada: CSA C22.2 No. 61010
USA: UL 61010B
45. Storage below –20 °C, instrument states may be lost.
18
Specifications (continued)
Weight
Net weight
18.4 kg (40.5 lbs) (nominal)
Dimensions
4U, 1/2 rack width LXI module
Height
Width
Length
17.8 cm (7.0 in)
21.3 cm (8.375 in)
64.0 cm (25.2 in)
Recommended calibration cycle
The recommended calibration cycle is 24 months. Calibration services are available through Agilent service centers.
ISO compliance
This product is manufactured in an ISO-9001 registered facility in concurrence with Agilent Technologies, Inc. commitment to quality.
Warranty
This Agilent Technologies product is warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one year from date of
shipment. During the warranty period, Agilent Technologies will, at its option, either repair or replace products that are defective.
19
Input/Output Descriptions
Front panel connectors (all connectors are SMB male unless otherwise noted)
RF output
Option 520
Options 540
References
10 MHz Out
RF/microwave output signal from the N8211A; nominal output impedance 50 Ω
Precision APC-3.5 male connector
Precision APC-2.4 male connector
Outputs internal or external reference signal. Nominal output impedance 50 Ω. Nominal output
power +8 dBm.
10 MHz In
Accepts an external reference (timebase) input (at 1, 2, 2.5, 5, 10 MHz for standard and 10 MHz
only for Option UNX). Nominal input impedance 50 Ω.
10 MHz EFC
(Option UNX only.) Accepts an external DC voltage, ranging from –5 V to +5 V, for electronic
frequency control (EFC) of the internal 10 MHz reference oscillator. This voltage inversely tunes the
oscillator about its center frequency approximately –0.07 ppm/V. The nominal input impedance is
greater than 1 MΩ. Note: A short or 50 Ω termination should be attached to this input connector
whenever the EFC port is not used.
Step Sweep
Settled
Provides an output trigger that indicates when the upconverter has settled to a new frequency
or power level. High indicates source not settled; low indicates source settled.
Trig out
Outputs a TTL signal. High at start of dwell, or when waiting for point trigger; low when dwell is
over or point trigger is received. In ramp sweep mode, provides 1601 equally-spaced 1 µs pulses
(nom) across a ramp sweep. When using LF Out, provides 2 µs pulse at start of LF sweep.
Trig in
Accepts TTL signal for triggering point-to-point in manual sweep mode, or to trigger start of LF
sweep. Damage levels ≥ +10 V or ≤ –4 V.
Analog Sweep
Z/Mkrs
During ramp sweep, supplies +5 V (nom) level during retrace and band-switch intervals. Supplies
–5 V (nom) level when the RF frequency is at a marker frequency.
Stop Swp
Open collector, TTL-compatible input/output. In ramp sweep operation, provides low level
(nominally 0 V) during sweep retrace and bandcross intervals, and high level during the forward
portion of the sweep. Sweep will stop when grounded externally, sweep will resume when allowed
to go high.
Sweep Out
Supplies a voltage proportional to the RF power or frequency sweep ranging from 0 V at the
start of sweep to +10 V (nominal) at the end of sweep, regardless of sweep width. During CW
operation, supplies a voltage proportional to the output frequency, +10 V (nom) corresponding
to the maximum specified frequency. Output impedance: < 1 Ω (nominal), can drive 2000 Ω.
LF Output
Pulse Modulation
Pulse In
LF output (Option UNT) is an internal modulation drive and function generator for AM, FM, PM and
pulse modulation. Nominal output impedance 50 Ω.
Accepts input signal for external fast pulse modulation. Also accepts external trigger pulse input
for internal pulse modulation. Nominal impedance 50 Ω. Damage levels are 5 Vrms and 10 Vpeak.
Sync Out
Outputs a synchronizing pulse, nominally 50 ns width, during internal and triggered pulse
modulation. TTL-level compatible, nominal source impedance 50 Ω.
Video Out
Outputs a signal that follows the RF output in all pulse modes. TTL-level compatible, nominal
source impedance 50 Ω.
20
Input/Output Descriptions (continued)
Front panel connectors (all connectors are SMB male unless otherwise noted) (continued)
Analog Inputs
Ext 1
Ext 2
Drives either AM, FM, or ΦM. Nominal input impedance 50 or 600 Ω, damage levels are 5 Vrms and
10 Vpeak.
Drives either AM, FM, or ΦM. Nominal input impedance 50 or 600 Ω, damage levels are 5 Vrms and
10 Vpeak.
Automatic Leveling Control (ALC) Input
ALC Input
Used for negative external detector leveling. Nominal input impedance 120 kΩ, damage level
–12 to +0.5 V. Connector type is BNC-female.
ALC Hold
Coherent Carriers
Allows the user to enable or disable the Automatic Leveling Control (ALC) function of the
upconverter. A TTL logic ‘1’ signal enables the ALC function, and a TTL logic level ‘0’ signal
disables the ALC function of the upconverter. The ALC hold function is useful when pulse
modulating the source, so that the ALC circuit does not try to react to the pulsed signal. Typically a
marker signal from an external arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) is used to drive the ALC hold.
The coherent carrier In/Out ports are used to allow multiple upconverters to be phase coherent. A
common LO signal can be sent to two or more different upconverters, thus allowing their output
signals to be phase coherent. In the upconverter, there is a low-band LO, and a high-band LO, thus
requiring two different LOs to operate over the entire frequency range of the upconverter. To make
the upconverter coherent over its entire frequency range requires having both a low-band and
high-band coherent LO signal. When not using the coherent carriers ports for tying multiple
upconverter LOs together to make them phase coherent, a jumper cable is required. A jumper cable
from 0.25 to 3.2 GHz Out connector to 0.25 to 3.2 GHz In connector, and from 3.2 to 10 GHz Out
connector to 3.2 to 10 GHz In connector is required for operation.
0.25 to 3.2 GHz In
Input port for a reference LO signal for the low-band of operation. This port is used when it is
desired to make the upconverter phase coherent over the low-band (0.25 to 3.2 GHz) of operation
of the upconverter. Connector is SMA female.
3.2 to 10 GHz In
Input port for a reference LO signal for the high-band of operation. This port is used when it is
desired to make the upconverter phase coherent over the high-band (3.2 to 20/40 GHz) of
operation of the upconverter. The LO signal needs to tune over the range of 3.2 to 10 GHz. There is
a frequency doubler or quadrupler to get the upconverter’s output signal to either 20 or 40 GHz.
Connector is SMA female.
0.25 to 3.2 GHz Out
Output port for the low-band reference LO. Normally this signal is routed back in to the
0.25 to 3.2 GHz In port on the upconverter. If multiple coherent upconverter operation is desired,
this output signal can be split into multiple signals, and then routed to several different
upconverters to provide a low-band (0.25 to 3.2 GHz) coherent LO signal. Connector is SMA female.
3.2 to 10 GHz Out
Output port for the high-band reference LO. Normally this signal is routed back in to the 3.2 to
10 GHz In port on the upconverter. If multiple coherent upconverter operation is desired, this
output signal can be split into multiple signals, and then routed to several different upconverters to
provide a high-band (3.2 to 10 GHz) coherent LO signal. The high-band LO must tune over the range
3.2 to 10 GHz; there is a doubler or quadrupler to get the upconverter’s output signal up to either
20 or 40 GHz. Connector is SMA female.
21
Input/Output Descriptions (continued)
Front panel indicator lights
PWR
Indicates when the power switch on the unit is turned to the ‘ON’ position
LAN
Indicates LAN connection status
1588
Indicates the clock status of the IEEE 1588 time-based trigger
LAN RST
Front panel access hole to reset the LAN to a known default state
Rear panel connectors
Power requirements
100-240 V, 50/60 Hz (automatically selected)
Power consumption
250 watts (typical), < 300 watts (maximum)
Standby: < 20 watts (typical)
LAN
Standard LAN connector for 10/100 BaseT LAN communication
LXI trigger bus in
Input for the LXI trigger-bus signals. 25-pin subminiature female connector.
LXI trigger bus out
Output for the LXI trigger-bus signals. 25-pin subminiature female connector.
Diagnostics port (25-pin parallel port)
For internal testing of the instrument in the factory. 25-pin D-subminiature female connector.
Diagnositcs port (9-pin serial port)
For internal testing of the instrument in the factory. 9-pin D-subminiature male connector.
22
Ordering Information and Options
Model/Option
Description
N8211A
N8211A-520
N8211A-540
N8211A-007
N8211A-UNT
N8211A-UNU
N8211A-UNW
N8211A-UNX
N8211A-1EA
N8211A-1E1
N8211A-1EH
20 or 40 GHz performance analog upconverter synthetic instrument module
Frequency range from 250 kHz to 20 GHz
Frequency range from 250 kHz to 40 GHz
Fully synthesized analog frequency and power ramp sweep
AM/FM/ΦM modulation and LF output
Standard pulse modulation
Narrow pulse modulation
Enhanced close-in phase noise performance (< 1 kHz)
High output power
Step attenuator
Improved harmonics below 2 GHz
References
Glossary
AC
DC
GS/s
k
LAN
MS/s
ms
NA
ps
SMB
s
Alternating Current
Direct Current
Giga-sample per second
kilo, or 1000
Local Area Network
Mega-sample per second
Milliseconds
Not Applicable
Pico-seconds
Sub-miniature bayonet
seconds
Web resources
For additional information on synthetic instruments, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/synthetic
For additional information on instrument security issues, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/security
For information about renting, leasing, or financing Agilent’s latest technology, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/buy/alternatives
For additional accessory information, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/accessories
For additional information about Agilent PSG microwave signal generators, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/psg
23
Related literature
Synthetic instruments
N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz, Data Sheet
Literature number 5989-5720EN
N8212A Performance Vector Upconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 250 kHz to 20 GHz, Data Sheet
Literature number 5989-2593EN
N8221A IF Digitizer Synthetic Instrument Module, 30 MS/s, Data Sheet
Literature number 5989-2594EN
N8241A Arbitrary Waveform Generator Synthetic Instrument Module, 15-Bit, 1.25 GS/s or 625 MS/s, Technical Overview
Literature number 5989-2595EN
N8242A Arbitrary Waveform Generator Synthetic Instrument Module, 10-Bit, 1.25 GS/s or 625 MS/s, Technical Overview
Literature number 5989-5010EN
N8201A-H02 Compact Performance Spectrum Analyzer for ATE Applications,
Literature number 5989-5721EN
Signal generator literature
PSG Signal Generator, Brochure
Literature number 5989-1324EN
E8257D PSG Analog Signal Generator, Data Sheet
Literature number 5989-0698EN
E8267D PSG Vector Signal Generator, Data Sheet
Literature number 5989-0697EN
PSG Self Guided Demo
Literature number 5988-2414EN
E8257D PSG CW and Analog Signal Generators, Configuration Guide
Literature number 5989-1325EN
E8267D PSG Vector Signal Generator, Configuration Guide
Literature number 5989-1326EN
24
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Revised: March 24, 2007
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