MASSEY FERGUSON ZT Series Specifications

0
5i_p/iA._il_
!'
O
Zero=Turn
IVlfg. No.
1694454
5091000
1694744
20HP
1694460
5091001
5091003
1694745
1694781
44"
Mower
IVlfg. No.
1694456
1694459
1694754
50"
Mower
IVlfg. No.
1694457
1694461
1694755
1694782
FERGUSON
Riders
Description
Simplicity 18HP Consumer Zero Turn Rider
Snapper Fast Cut ZT18440KH, 18HP Zero-Turn Rider with 44" Mower
Massey Ferguson ZT 1844
Zero=Turn
Mfg. No.
1694455
MASSEV
ATO
UAL
A
18HP
_
Riders
Description
Simplicity 20HP Consumer Zero Turn Rider
Simplicity 20HP ZT 2050 (CE)
Snapper Fast Cut ZT20500BV, 20HP Zero-Turn Rider with 50" Mower
Snapper Fast Cut ZT20500BV, 20HP Zero-Turn Rider with 50" Mower (CE)
Massey Ferguson ZT 2050
Massey Ferguson ZT 2050 (CE)
Decks
Description
44" Mower Deck
44" Mower Deck (CE)
44" Mower Deck
Decks
Description
50" Mower
50" Mower
50" Mower
50" Mower
Deck
Deck (CE)
Deck
Deck (CE)
Form
No.
1725764
Revision
Rev.
TP
Date
100-3885-05-CH-SMN
05
7/2004
(ableof Coflteflts
Safety Rules & information .................................
identification
Numbers ........................................
2
5
Troubleshooting,
Adjustments
& Service ....... 21
Troubleshooting the Rider ..................................... 21
Safety Decals .......................................................
6
Troubleshooting the Mower ...................................
22
Seat Adjustments ..................................................
23
Safety icons .........................................................
7
Safety Interlock System ......................................
7
Features & Controls ............................................
8
Control Functions ....................................................
8
Operation ...........................................................
10
General Operating Safety ..................................... 10
Checks Before Starting .........................................
10
Starting the Engine ...............................................
11
Stopping the Rider & Engine .................................
11
Mowing ..................................................................
11
Pushing the Rider by Hand ...................................
11
Zero Turn Driving Practice .....................................
12
Attaching a Trailer ..................................................
Mower Removal & Installation ...............................
Regular Maintenance
........................................
Schedule ...............................................................
14
15
16
16
Lubrication ............................................................
17
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................
18
Checking Tire Pressures .......................................
19
Checking/Adding Fuel ...........................................
Fuel Filter ..............................................................
19
19
Engine Maintenance .............................................
Check/Fill Transmission Oil ...................................
19
19
Ground Speed Control Lever Adjustment ............. 23
Speed Balancing Adjustment ................................ 23
Cutting Height Adjustment .................................... 24
Roller Bar Adjustment ...........................................
24
Neutral Adjustments ..............................................
24
Parking Brake Adjustment .....................................
25
Front Suspension Adjustment ............................... 25
PTO Clutch Adjustment .........................................
Blade Brake Check ...............................................
26
26
Mower Deck Leveling ............................................
27
Roller Bar Leveling ................................................
28
Hydraulic Pump Drive Belt Replacement .............. 29
Battery Charging ...................................................
29
Mower Belt Replacement ......................................
30
Mower Belt Tension Adjustment ............................ 30
Specifications
....................................................
31
Parts & Accessories
..........................................
32
Lawn
Care & Mowing
information
................ LC=I
NOTE: In this manual, "left" and "right" are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
Transmission Oil Filter Change ............................. 20
Battery Maintenance .............................................
20
Storage ..................................................................
20
AWARNING
You must read, understand and comply with all safety
and operating instructions in this manual before
attempting to set-up and operate your machine.
Failure to comply with all safety and operating
instructions can result in loss of machine control,
serious personal injury to you and / or bystanders,
and risk of equipment and property damage. The
triangle in the text signifies important cautions or
warnings which must be followed.
,d ,WARNING
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
in
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey
of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or
This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet
The triangle _
in text signifies important cautions or warnings
GENERAL
OPERATION
1. Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting.
2. Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under
the machine. Keep clear of the discharge opening at
all times.
3. Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit (local regulations
can restrict operator age).
4. Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blade(s).
5. Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop the unit if anyone enters the area.
6. Never carry passengers.
7. Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse.
8. Never direct discharge material toward anyone. Avoid
discharging material against a wall or obstruction.
Material may ricochet back toward the operator. Stop
the blade(s) when crossing gravel surfaces.
9. Do not operate the machine without the entire grass
catcher, discharge guard (deflector), or other safety
devices in place and operational.
10. Slow down before turning.
11. Never leave a running unit unattended. Always disengage the blades (PTO), set parking brake, stop
engine, and remove keys before dismounting.
12. Disengage blades (PTO) when not mowing. Shut off
engine and wait for all parts to come to a complete
stop before cleaning the machine, removing the grass
catcher, or unclogging the discharge guard.
13. Operate the machine only in daylight or good artificial
light.
14. Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
15 Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
TRANSPORTING
16. Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit
into a trailer or truck.
17. Always wear eye protection when operating this unit.
18. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of power
equipment-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the equipment safely
enough to protect themselves and others from injury.
19. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for wheel
weights or counterweights.
20. Keep in mind the operator is responsible for accidents
occurring to other people or property.
21. All drivers should seek and obtain professional and
practical instruction.
22. Always wear substantial footwear and trousers.
Never operate when barefoot or wearing sandals.
23. Before using, always visually check that the blades
and blade hardware are present, intact, and secure.
Replace worn or damaged parts.
24. Disengage attachments before: refueling, removing
an attachment, making adjustments (unless the
adjustment can be made from the operator's position).
25. When the machine is parked, stored, or left unattended, lower the cutting means unless a positive
mechanical lock is used.
26. Before leaving the operator's position for any reason,
engage the parking brake (if equipped), disengage
the blades (PTO), stop the engine, and remove the
key.
27. To reduce fire hazard, keep the unit free of grass,
leaves, & excess oil. Do not stop or park over dry
leaves, grass, or combustible materials.
28. It is a violation of California Public Resource Code
Section 4442 to use or operate the engine on or near
any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land unless the exhaust system is equipped with a
spark arrester meeting any applicable local or state
laws. Other states or federal areas may have similar
laws.
AND STORAGE
1. When transporting the unit on an open trailer, make
sure it is facing forward, in the direction of travel. If
the unit is facing backwards, wind lift could damage
the unit.
2. Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the unit after transportation or
storage.
3. Never store the unit (with fuel) in an enclosed poorly
ventilated structure. Fuel vapors can travel to an ignition source (such as a furnace, water heater, etc.)
and cause an explosion. Fuel vapor is also toxic to
humans and animals.
TP 600-4103-00-ZT-UV
these rules could result in loss of control
damage to property or equipment.
and throwing objects.
which must be followed.
4. Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
5. Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
6. Never store the unit or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame or pilot light, such as in a
water heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
SafetyRulesandinformation
SLOPE
OPERATION
, WARNING
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.
Operation on all slopes requires extra caution, if you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not operate
on it.
Never operate on slopes greater than 17.6 percent
(10 °) which is a rise of 3-1/2 feet (106 cm) vertically in
20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
Use extra caution when operating on slopes with rearmounted grass catchers.
Control of a walk-behind or ride-on machine sliding on a
slope will not be regained by the application of the brake.
The main reasons for loss of control are: insufficient tire
Mow across the face of slopes, not up and down,use
caution when changing directions and DO NOT
START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
grip on the ground, speed too fast, inadequate braking, the
type of machine is unsuitable for its task, lack of awareness
of the ground conditions, incorrect hitching and load distribution.
1. Mow across the face of slopes, not up and down.
2. Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
3. Choose a slow speed so that you will not have to stop
or change speeds while on the slope.
4. Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may loose traction.
5. Never mow down slopes.
6. Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If tires
lose traction (i.e. machine stops forward motion on a
slope), disengage the blade(s) (PTO) and drive slow
off the slope.
7. Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do
not make sudden changes in speed or direction,
which could cause the machine to rollover.
8. Use extra care while operating machines with grass
catchers or other attachments; they can affect the
stability of the unit. Do not use on steeps slopes.
9. Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your
foot on the ground (ride-on units).
10. Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
11. Do not use grass catchers on steep slopes.
12. Do not mow slopes if you cannot back up them.
13. See your authorized dealer/retailer for recommendations of wheel weights or counterweights to improve
stability.
14. Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
15. Use slow speed. Tires may lose traction on slopes
even through the brakes are functioning properly.
16. Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually uphill, if possible. Never
mow down slopes.
TOWED EQUIPMENT
(RIDE-ON
CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children. Children are often attracted to the unit
and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will
remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
2. Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
3. Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
4. Never carry children, even with the blade(s) off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe unit operation. Children who have been given
rides in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing
area for another ride and be run over or backed over
by the machine.
5. Never allow children to operate the unit.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
EMISSIONS
1. Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
2. Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period and
Air Index information on the engine emissions label.
IGNITION
UNITS)
1. Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed for
towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at the
hitch point.
2. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for
weight limit for towed equipment and towing on
slopes. See attaching a trailer under OPERATION.
3. Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.
4. On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may
cause loss of traction and loss of control.
5. Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
6. Do not shift to neutral and coast down hill.
SYSTEM
1. This spark ignition system coplies with Canadian
ICES-O02.
3
SafetyRulesandInformtm
SERVICE
AND MAINTENANCE
Safe Handling of Gasoline
1. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
2. Use only approved gasoline containers.
3. Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow the engine to cool before refueling.
4. Never fuel the machine indoors.
5. Never store the machine or fuel container where there
is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such as near a
water heater or other appliance.
6. Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck bed
with a plastic bed liner. Always place containers on
the ground away from your vehicle before filling.
7. Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck or
trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer with a
portable container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
8. Keep nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or
container opening at all times until fueling is complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
9. If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing immediately.
10. Never over-fill the fuel tank. Replace gas cap and
tighten securely.
11. Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
12. If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine but
move the machine away from the area of spillage and
avoid creating any source of ignition until fuel vapors
have dissipated.
13. Replace all fuel tank caps and fuel container caps
securely.
Service & Maintenance
1. Never run the unit in an enclosed area where carbon
monoxide fumes may collect.
2. Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
3. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly and make necessary repairs if
they are not functioning properly.
4. Keep unit free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage, and remove any fuelsoaked debris. Allow machine to cool before storage.
5. If you strike an object, stop and inspect the machine.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
6. Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running.
7. Check grass catcher components and the discharge
guard frequently and replace with manufacturer's recommended parts, when necessary.
8. Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear
gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
9. Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
10. Maintain or replace safety and instructions labels, as
necessary.
11. Do not remove the fuel filter when the engine is hot
as spilled gasoline may ignite. Do not spread fuel line
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps grip
hoses firmly over the filter after installation.
12. Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL, gasohol
containing more than 10% ETHANOL, gasoline additives, or white gas because engine/fuel system damage could result.
13. If the fuel tank must be drained, it should be drained
outdoors.
14. Replace faulty silencers/mufflers.
15. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels as
necessary.
16. Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
17. Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments.
18. Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
19. Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper
service procedures can result in hazardous operation,
equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer's
warranty.
20. On multiple blade mowers, take care as rotating one
blade can cause other blades to rotate.
21. Do not change engine governor settings or overspeed the engine. Operating the engine at excessive
speed can increase the hazard of personal injury.
22. Disengage drive attachments, stop the engine,
remove the key, and disconnect the spark plug wire(s)
before: clearing attachment blockages and chutes,
performing service work, striking an object, or if the
unit vibrates abnormally. After striking an object,
inspect the machine for damage and make repairs
before restarting and operating the equipment.
23. Never place hands near the moving parts, such as a
hydro pump cooling fan, when the tractor is running.
(Hydro pump cooling fans are typically located on top
of the transaxle).
24. Units with hydraulic pumps, hoses, or motors: WARNING: Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure may
have sufficient force to penetrate skin and cause serious injury. If foreign fluid is injected into the skin it
must be surgically removed within a few hours by a
doctor familiar with this form of injury or gangrene
may result. Keep body and hands away from pin
holes or nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high
pressure. Use paper or cardboard, and not hands, to
search for leaks. Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections are tight and all hydraulic hoses and lines
are in good condition before applying pressure to the
system. If leaks occur, have the unit serviced immediately by your authorized dealer.
25. WARNING: Stored energy device. Improper release
of springs can result in serious personal injury.
Springs should be removed by an authorized technician.
26. Models equipped with an engine radiator: WARNING:
Stored energy device. To prevent serious bodily injury
from hot coolant or steam blow-out, never attempt to
remove the radiator cap while the engine is running.
Stop the engine and wait until it is cool. Even then,
use extreme care when removing the cap.
IdentWcationNumbers
ID Tag
Mower iD Tag
North American
Models
SERIAL
169XXXX
Mfg.
kw:
Engine
Ng'._N_
' 109XXXX
_
_'
CE Models
xxxxI_-__;_=C'I
L<ji J,
RPM _/3(
Model Description Name/Number
Vijb:aattiio°nn@ sWelet,,e'_,_
Port Washington,Wl
USA 53_/
_9_
XXXXXXX
Unit MFG Number
Unit SERIAL Number
Mower Deck MFG Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
Engine Make
Engine Model
Engine Type/Spec
Engine C0de/Serial Number
_'_
When contacting your authorized dealer for replace=
ment parts, service, or information you MUST have
these numbers.
Record your model name/number, manufacturer's identification numbers, and engine serial numbers in the
space provided for easy access. These numbers can be
found in the locations shown.
NOTE: For location of engine identification numbers,
refer to the engine owner's manual.
CE Models: Place the extra copy of the identification tag
in the manual.
CE IDENTIFICATION
TAG MARKINGS
A. Manufacturer's Identification Number
B. Manufacturer's Serial Number
Mfg. No.:
k Serial
C.
D.
E.
R
Power Rating in Kilowatts
Maximum Engine Speed in Rotations per Minute
Manufacturer's Address
Year of Manufacture
169XXXX
XX
XX
-Engine
RPM
XXXX
LpA:
XXX dB(A)
-Vibration
@ Wheel: XXX m/a 2
@ Seat:
XXX ITI/a2
Simplicity
G. CE Compliance Logo
H. Mass of Unit in Kilograms
I. Sound Power in Decibels ***
J.
K.
L.
M.
No.:
_kW:
Mfg, Inc.
iton, WJ USA 53074-0997
®
Sound Pressure at Operator's Position in Decibels **
Vibration at the Steering Wheel *
Vibration at the Seat *
Combination Number
CE Models:
This unit complies with European Harmonized Lawn Mower
Standard EN 836, European Machinery Directive 98/37/EC,
and European EMC Directive 89/336/EC
* Tested according to EN 836:1997/A2:2001,
EN 1033:1995
Place copy of
Identification Tag here.
EN 1032: 1996,
** Tested according to EN836:1997/A2:2001
*** Tested according to 2000/14/EC
5
SafetyDecals
SAFETY
DECALS
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your unit.
NORTH AMERICAN
Decal - Danger/Operation
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your rider and mower should be carefully
read and obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when
these instructions are not followed. The information is for
your safety and it is important! The safety decals below
are on your rider and mower.
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant
visual reminder to you, and others who may use the
equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for
safe, effective operation.
MODELS
Part No. 5061106
Decal = Danger, Fire/
Carbon Monoxide
Part No. 5049658
' Do not operate mower
,<
' without deflector or entire ,z
_' grass catcher in place.
,
Decal - Danger,
Rotating Blades
Part No. 1704277
,
under mower deck while
bJadeis rotating,
',
Decal - Danger,
Rotating Blades
Part No. 1704276
ALL MODELS
Decal - Danger Hot Surface
Part No. 1704473
Decal =Transmission
Release Valve
Part No. 1725941
Decal = ignition
Switch
Part No. 5048970
Decal - Cutting
Height Adjustment
Part No. 1725703
CE MODELS
Decal -Warning, Mower Deck
Part No. 1720389
Decal - Warning, Main Part No. 5061108
Decal = Danger, Fire/
Carbon Monoxide
Part No. 5061217
Decal -Warning, Mower Deck
Part No. 5061042
SafetyIcons& InteplockSystem
SAFETY ICONS
Warning:
Manual.
Read Operator's
SAFETY INTERLOCK
SYSTEM
Read and understand the
Operator's Manual before using
this machine.
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches.
These safety systems are present for your safety, do
not attempt to bypass safety switches, and never tamper with safety devices. Check their operation regularly.
Danger: Thrown Objects.
This machine is capable of throwing
objects and debris. Keep
bystanders away.
Operational
Warning: Remove Key Before
Servicing.
SAFETY
Checks
TEST 1 -- ENGINE SHOULD NOT CRANK IF:
* PTO switch is engaged, OR
Remove the key and consult technical literature before performing
repairs or maintenance.
* Parking brake is not engaged, OR
* Motion control handles are not in their NEUTRAL
positions.
Danger: Machine Rollover.
TEST 2 -- ENGINE SHOULD CRANK IF:
Operating on steep slopes can
cause sliding and loss of steering,
control and rollover. Do not use this
machine on slopes greater than 10 °.
* PTO switch is NOT engaged, AND
* Parking brake is engaged, AND
* Motion control handles are locked in their NEUTRAL positions.
Danger: Machine Rollover.
Do not operate on any slopes when
wet or slippery. Do not operate near
drop-offs or near water.
TEST 3 -- ENGINE SHOULD SHUT OFF IF:
* Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
Danger: Dismemberment.
* Operator rises off seat with parking brake disengaged, OR
This machine can amputate limbs.
Keep bystanders and children away
when engine is running.
* Operator moves motion control handles out of their
neutral positions before disengaging parking brake.
Danger: Dismemberment.
TEST 4 -- BLADE BRAKE CHECK
This mower deck can amputate
limbs. Keep hands and feet away
from blades.
The mower blades and mower drive belt should come
to a complete stop within five seconds after the electric
PTO switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). If
mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds, see
your dealer.
Danger: Dismemberment.
This machine can crush and cut.
Keep hands away from belts and
pulleys.
Danger: Carbon Monoxide
Poisoning.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, the PTO switch
must be turned off, parking brake must be engaged,
and the ground speed control handles must be locked
in their NEUTRAL positions in order to start the engine.
Do not operate the engine in an
unventilated area.
,
Danger: Fire Hazard.
WARNING
if the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance
should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety interlock system.
Keep unit free of grass, leaves and
excess oil. Do not add fuel while
engine is hot or running. Stop
engine and allow to cool for 5 minutes prior to adding fuel. Do not add
fuel indoors, in an enclosed trailer,
garage or other enclosed areas.
Clean up spilled fuel. Do not smoke
while operating this machine.
7
Features& Conlrols
CONTROL
FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing
require the combined use of several controls appfied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and sequence
of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
Ground
Speed Levers
These levers control the ground speed of the rider. The
left lever controls the left rear drive wheel and the right
controls the right rear drive wheel.
Moving a lever forward increases the FORWARD speed
of the associated wheel, and pulling back on a lever
increases the REVERSE speed.
The further a lever is moved away from the neutral position the faster the drive wheel will turn.
See the OPERATION section for steering instructions.
__
Throttle
Control
The throttle controls engine speed. Move the throttle forward to increase engine speed and back to decrease
engine speed. Always operate at FULL throttle.
Choke
Close the choke for cold starting. Open the choke once
the engine starts. A warm engine may not require choking. Move the lever forward to close the choke. Move the
lever back to open the choke.
Features& Controls
ignition Switch
Fuel Tank & Gauge
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine; it has
three positions:
_OFF
To remove the cap, turn counterclockwise. The fuel
gauge is mounted in the fuel tank and indicates the
amount of fuel in the tank.
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
_RUN
Mower Height
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
[_"_ START
Attachment
Hour Meter / Maintenance
Reminder
The hour meter measures the number of hours the key
has been in the RUN position. The hour meter will flash
an initial oil change indicator at 5 hours, and a lubrication
reminder every 50 hours. These reminders display for
approximately two hours and will automatically reset
themselves.
_
Switch
Oil Fill
Transmission oil is added through the transmission oil
expansion chamber. It also serves as extra holding
capacity for oil as the transmission heats up and the oil
expands. See CHECK TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL for
oil level check and fill procedures.
Transmission
Release
Valves
The transmission release valves deactivate the transmissions so that the unit can be pushed by hand. See
PUSHING THE UNIT BY HAND for operational information.
Seat Adjustment
Parking
Brake
DISENGAGE
Releases the parking brake.
ENGAGE
Locks the parking brake.
Pull the parking brake lever back to engage the parking
brake. Move the lever fully forward to disengage the
parking brake. NOTE: To start the unit the parking brake
must be engaged.
The PTO (Power Take-Off) switch engages and disengages attachments that use the PTO. To engage the
PTO, pull UP on the switch. Push DOWN to disengage.
Note that the operator must be seated firmly in the rider
seat for the PTO to function.
Transmission
Lever
For attachment transport lift, pull the large lift lever back
fully to lock the control in the attachment raised transport
position.
Note: The hour meter will register the passage of time
when the key is in the RUN position, even ff the engine is
not running. The hour meter has a serf contained power
source so the total hours are always visible.
_PTO
Lift Control
&
To adjust cutting height, pull the large lever back fully to
lock the control in the attachment raised transport position. Position the cutting height selector pin on the
appropriate hole to achieve the desired cutting height.
Pull back on the small lift latch lever and large lever
simultaneously, and lower the mower into cutting position.
Cranks the engine for starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped-this drains the battery.
B
of Cut Adjustment
Knobs
The seat can be adjusted forward and backward. Tip the
seat forward, loosen the adjustment knobs, slide the seat
to the desired position, and tighten the knobs.
9
Operation
GENERAL
OPERATING
SAFETY
CHECKS
Before first time operation:
BEFORE STARTING
Check that the crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick. See the engine owner's manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this
rider and mower.
Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and secure.
Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from the operator's position.
Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to driving the unit using the parking
brake.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel. Refer to the engine
owner's manual for fuel recommendations.
WARNING
Never operate on slopes greater than 17.6 percent
(10 °) which is a rise of 3=1/2 feet (106 cm)
vertically in 20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto a
slope. Use extra caution when operating on
slopes with a rear=mounted grass catcher.
Mow across the face of slopes, not up and
down,use caution when changing directions
DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
and
Figure 1. Pre=Start Checks
A. Fuel Tank Cap
B. Crankcase Oil Fill
C. Seat Adjustment Knobs
: ,WARNING
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
WARNING
Before leaving the operator's position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
Do not load this zero=turn rider on a trailer or
truck using two separate ramps. Only use a
single ramp that is at least one foot wider than
the width of the rear wheels of this rider. This
rider has a zero turning radius and the rear
wheels could fall off the ramps, or the rider could
tip over injuring the operator or bystanders.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, rider and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
Do not stop or park rider over dry leaves, grass or
combustible
materials.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
10
Operation
AWARNING
5. Engage the PTO by pulling up on the switch.
6. Disengage the parking brake.
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
Do NOT attempt to operate the rider without first
becoming familiar with the location and function
of ALL controls.
7. Move the ground speed control levers from neutral
position to operating position (in toward the operator).
8. Begin mowing. See Lawn Care Section for tips on
mowing patterns, lawn care, and trouble shooting
information.
.
STARTING THE ENGINE
When finished, shut off the PTO.
10. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE RIDER AND
ENGINE).
1, While sitting in the operator's seat, engage the parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the ground speed control handles are
locked in the NEUTRAL position.
PUSHING THE RIDER BY HAND
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn
the ignition OFF, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Set the engine throttle control to FAST throttle position. Then fully close the choke. NOTE: A warm
engine may not require choking.
2. Lift the seat plate to gain access to the battery compartment and transmission pumps.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch and turn it to
START.
3. To disengage the pumps (free-wheel position), turn
the hydraulic release valves (A, Figure 2) located on
the pumps COUNTER-CLOCKWISE a maximum of 2
full turns.
4. After the engine starts, gradually open the choke.
Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute
before engaging the PTO switch or driving the rider.
5. After warming the engine, ALWAYS operate the
unit at FULL THROTTLE when mowing.
4. Disengage the parking brake.
In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to
STOP. Use this method only in emergency situations,
For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given
in STOPPING THE RIDER,
5. After moving the rider, re-engage the pumps (drive
position) by turning the release valves CLOCKWISE
and tighten to 80-120 in. Ibs.
The rider can now be pushed by hand.
STOPPING THE RIDER & ENGINE
.
.
®
Returning the ground speed control levers to the middle position will stop rider movement. Pivot the levers
outward and lock them in NEUTRAL.
DO NOTTOW RIDER
Towing the unit will cause hydraulic pump
and wheel motor damage. Do not use
another vehicle to push or pull this unit.
Disengage the PTO by pushing down on the PTO
switch.
3. Engage the parking brake by pulling the handle back
until it locks into position.
4. Move the throttle control to idle position and turn the
ignition key to OFF Remove the key.
MOWING
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged, the ground speed control handles are locked in the NEUTRAL position and the
operator is in the seat.
Figure 2. Transmission ReJease Valves
A. Hydraulic Release Valve (On Each Pump)
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the mower cutting height.
4. Set the throttle to FULL.
11
Operatm
ZERO TURN
DRIVING PRACTICE
Smooth
Travel
The lever controls of the
zero turn rider are
responsive.
The lever controls of the zero turn rider are responsive,
and learning to gain a smooth and efficient control of the
rider's forward, reverse, and turning movements will take
some practice.
The BEST method of
handling the ground
speed control levers is in
three steps -- as shown
in Figure 3.
Spending some time going through the maneuvers
shown and becoming familiar with how the unit accelerates, travels, and steers -- before you begin mowing --is
absolutely essential to getting the most out of the zero
turn rider.
FIRST place your hands
onto the levers as
shown.
Locate a smooth, fiat area of your lawn -- one with
plenty of room to maneuver. (Clear the area of objects,
people and animals before you begin.) Operate the unit
at mid-throttle during this practice session (ALWAYS
operate at full throttle when mowing), and turn slowly to
prevent tire slippage and damage to your lawn.
SECOND, to go forward
gradually push the levers
forward with your palms.
THIRD, to speed up
move the levers farther
forward. To slow down
smoothly, slowly move
the levers toward neutral.
We suggest you begin with the Smooth Travel procedure
to the right, and then advance through the forward,
reverse, and turning maneuvers.
You must release the parking brake prior to moving the
control levers inward.
Figure 3. Move Control
Levers Gradually
BA SIC DRIVING
Forward
Travel Practice
Reverse Travel Practice
Gradually move both ground speed control levers -evenly FORWARD from neutral. Slow down and repeat.
LOOK DOWN & BEHIND, then gradually move both
ground speed control levers evenly BACK from neutral.
Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Straight forward travel takes practice. If necessary, top speed can be balance-adjusted -- see the
Speed Balancing Adjustment in the Adjustments section
near the back of this manuaL
NOTE: Practice backing up for several minutes before
attempting to do so near objects. The rider turns as
sharply in reverse as when going forward, and backing
up straight takes practice,
Forward
Reverse
Travel
Travel
/
,, ,,/
",
,,
Figure 4. Forward Travel
Figure 5. Reverse Travel
12
Operation
Practice
Turning Around
a Corner
Practice Turning In Place
While traveling forward allow one handle to gradually
return back toward neutral. Repeat several times.
To turn in place, "zero turn," gradually move one ground
speed control lever forward from neutral and one lever
back from neutral simultaneously. Repeat several times.
NOTE: To prevent pivoting directly on the tire tread, it is
best to keep both wheels going at least slightly forward.
NOTE: Changing the amount each lever is pulled--forward or back, changes the "pivot point"you turn on.
Executing
Turns
1
Figure 6. Turning Around a Corner
ADVANCED
Executing
Turn
Figure 7. Turning in Place
DRIVING
an End-Of-Row
Zero
Your zero turn rider's unique ability to turn in
place allows you to turn around at the end of
a cutting row rather than having to stop and Yturn before starting a new row.
For example, to execute a right end-of row
zero turn:
.
Slow down at the end of the row.
2. Move the LEFT ground speed control
lever forward slightly while moving the
RIGHT ground speed control lever back to
center and then slightly back from center.
3. Begin mowing forward again.
This technique turns the rider RIGHT and
slightly overlaps the row just cut --eliminating
the need to back up and re-cut missed grass.
As you become more familiar and experienced with operating the zero turn rider, you
will learn more maneuvers that will make your
mowing time easier and more enjoyable.
Remember, the more you practice, the better your control of the rider will be!
Figure 8. Executing
13
an End-Of-Row
Turn
Operatm
ATTACHING
A TRAILER
The maximum weight of a towed trailer should be less
than 200 Ibs (91 kg). Secure the trailer with an appropriately sized clevis pin (A, Figure 9) and clip (B).
Excessive towed loads can cause loss of traction and
loss of control on slopes. Reduce towed weight when
operating on slopes. The surface being driven on greatly
impacts traction and stability. Wet or slippery surfaces
can greatly reduce traction and the ability to stop or turn.
Carefully evaluate the surface conditions before operating the unit and trailer, and never operate on slopes
greater than 10 °. See SLOPE OPERATION and TOWED
EQUIPMENT in the safety section of this manual for
additional safety information.
i
O
,41
10 °
(lm)
20' (6m)
Figure 9. Trailer Weight Recommendations
A. Clevis Pin
B. Clip
14
Operation
FRONT
Figure 10. Mower Belt Routing
A. Arbor Pulleys
B. Back-Side Idlers
C. PTO Pulley
D. Belt Tension Release Lever
MOWER REMOVAL
iNSTALLATiON
AND
NOTE: Perform mower installation and removal on a hard
flat surface such as a concrete floor.
Removal
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn
off the ignition, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Remove the cutting height pin and lower the attachment lift (H, Figure 11) to its lowest position.
3. Use the mower belt tension lever (D, Figure 10) to
release belt tension and remove the mower belt from
Figure 11. Mower Installation & Removal
A. Front Right Clevis Pin
B. Front Left Clevis Pin
C. Right Lift Link Clevis Pin
D. Left Lift Link Clevis Pin
E. Right Stabilizer Rod Clevis Pin
F. Left Stabilizer Rod Clevis Pin
G. Belt Tension Lever
H. Attachment Lift Lever
I. Roller Control Clevis Pin (Champion Models)
the PTO pulley (C).
4. Remove the following pins (Figure 11): A, B, C, D, E,
F, and I. Retain the bushings and pins.
5. Pivot the front wheels out of the way and slide the
mower deck out from under the unit.
Installation
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn
off the ignition, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Remove the cutting height pin and lower the attachment lift (H, Figure 11) to its lowest position.
3. Pivot the front wheels out of the way and slide the
mower under the unit.
.
Install the clevis pins, clips, and bushings in the following locations (Figure 11): A, B, C, D, E, F, and I.
You may need to lift the back of the mower to install
the rods.
5. Release tension from the tensioning idler pulley using
the belt tension lever (D, Figure 10) and install the
belt as shown in Figure 10.
15
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
& PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your rider and mower. You will need to keep a record of
your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by observing the elapsed time recorded by
the hour meter.
SAFETY
ITEMS
Before
Each
Use
Every 5 Every 25
Hours
Hours
Every
100
Hours
Every
250
Hours
Spring
Fall
Check Safety Interlock System
•
•
Check Rider Brakes
•
•
Check Mower Blade Stopping Time
RIDER MAINTENANCE
ITEMS
•
Before
Each
Use
Every 5 Every 25
Hours
Hours
Check Rider / Mower for loose hardware
Every
100
Hours
***
Lubricate Rider & Mower **
•
Clean Battery & Cables
Spring
Fall
&
Spring
Fall
&
•
•
Check Tire Pressure
•
Clean Deck & Check/Replace Mower Blades**
•
Check Transmission Oil
•
•
Change Transmission Oil Filter **
ITEMS
Check Engine Oil Level
•
Before
Each
Use
Every 5 Every 25
Hours
Hours
Every
100
Hours
•
Check / Change Engine Air Filter *
Change Engine Oil & Filter *
Inspect Spark Plug(s) *
Check/Replace
Every
250
Hours
•
Check / Adjust PTO Clutch
MAINTENANCE
•
•
Check / Clean Engine Cooling Fins
ENGINE
&
Fuel Filter *
* Refer to engine owner's manual. Change original engine oil after initial break-in period.
** More often in hot (over 85 ° F: 30 ° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
*** Service after the first 25 hours of operation, then every 250 hours of operation.
16
Every
250
Hours
ReguJap
MaJflteflaflce
LUBRiCATiON
Lubricate the unit at the following lubrication points as
well as those shown in Figure 12.
Oil:
Grease:
* control handle pivots
1_
* discharge chute hinge
• roller straps (deck lift pivots)
front caster
axles
•* mower
deck wheel
idler arm
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled where
contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and grease off
belts and pulleys. Remember to wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
• mower deck arbors
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts to
apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are
not installed.
Not all greases are compatible.
lithium grease.
Use automotive-type
Lube Idler
Arm Pivot
Figure 12. Lubrication
17
RegularMaJflteflaflce
WARNING
For your personal safety, do not handle the sharp
mower blades with bare hands. Careless or
improper handling
injury.
,
of blades may result in serious
WARNING
For your personal safety, blade mounting
capscrews must each be installed with a
hex/spline washer and spring washer, then
securely tightened. Torque blade mounting
capscrew to 45 - 55 ft. Ibs. (61 - 75 N.m.)
LOOSEN
Figure 13. Blade Removal
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
Service Interval: Every 10 Hours or As Required
1. Remove mower deck (see "Mower Deck Removal").
2. See Figure 13. To remove blade for sharpening, use
a block of wood to prevent blade rotation while loosening the capscrew.
3. Remove the capscrew (D, Figure 15), spring washer
(C), hex washer (B), and blade.
Nail
4. Use a file to sharpen blade to a fine edge. If blade is
damaged, it must be replaced.
Figure 14. Balancing
The Blade
5. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 14. Center the
blade's hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
6. Reinstall the blade (Figure 15) with the tabs pointing
up toward the mower deck as shown.
7. Reinstall the hex washer (B, Figure 15), spring washer (C) and capscrew (D). Use a wooden block (A) to
prevent blade rotation while tightening the capscrew
(D) to 61-75 N.m (45-55 ft. Ibs.).
Figure 15. Blade Installation
A. 4x4 Wood Block
B. Hex Washer
C. Spring Washer
D. Blade Capscrew
18
RegularMaintenance
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
Tire pressure should be checked periodically, and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note that these
pressures may differ slightly from the "Max Inflation"
stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures
shown provide proper traction, improve cut quality, and
extend tire life.
CHECKING
/ ADDING
FUEL
Tire
Pressure
To add fuel:
Front
40 psi (2,76 bar)
1. Remove the fuel cap (see A, Figure 17).
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the filler neck. This will
allow for fuel expansion.
Rear
15 psi (1,03 bar)
Figure 16. Checking
Tire Pressure
NOTE: Do not overfill. Refer to your engine manual for
specific fuel recommendations.
,WARNING
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
FUEL FILTER
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over=filling and wipe up any spills.
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
The fuel filter is located in the fuel line between fuel tank
and fuel pump. If the filter is dirty or clogged, replace as
follows:
1. Shut off the fuel valve or drain the fuel tank.
2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
3. Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.
Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL,
gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol,
gasoline additives, premium gasoline, or white
gas because engine/fuel system damage
could result.
4. Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter (C, Figure 17).
5. Remove hoses from filter.
6. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
7. Secure with hose clamps.
8. Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished.
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
Refer to engine owners manual for all engine maintenance procedures and recommendations.
CHECK/FILL
TRANSMISSION
OIL
Oil Type: Mobil 1TM15W-50 synthetic oil, Castrol
Syntec TM 5W-50 oil, or 20W-50 conventional detergent
motor oil.
1. Check the oil level when the unit is cold. The inspection port is located on the inside of the right tank
cover. The oil level should be within 1/2" (1.3 cm) of
the horizontal level mark (D, Figure 18). If the oil is
below this level, proceed to step 2.
Figure 17. Maintenance
A. Fuel Tank Cap
B. Transmission Oil Cap
C. Fuel Filter
D. Locking Tab
E. Locking Screw
2. Before removing the reservoir cap, make sure the
area around the reservoir cap and fill neck of the
reservoir is free of dust, dirt, or other debris. Loosen
the locking capscrew (E, Figure 17) securing the locking tab (D), slide the lock tab back, and remove the
cap (B).
19
RegWPMaintenance
3. Add oil up to the full mark (D, Figure 18).
4. Reinstall the reservoir cap, move the locking tab
between two notches, and tighten the locking capscrew.
TRANSMiSSiON
Change Interval:
OiL FILTER CHANGE
Every 250 Hours
Filter Part Number: 1719168
1. Locate the transmission oil filter (C, Figure 18) at the
rear of the battery compartment under the seat.
2. Clean the area around the filter base and remove the
filter. Do NOT drain the hydraulic system oil.
3. Lubricate the new filter base with a few drops of
transmission oil. Fill the filter half full of oil.
4. Thread the new filter onto the filter base until the gasket makes contact, then tighten 3/4 of a turn more.
Figure 18. Battery Compartment
A. Positive (+) Cable & Terminal
B. Negative (-) Cable & Terminal
C. Transmission Filter
D. Transmission Fill Level Mark
5. Run the unit for several minutes and check the transmission oil level (see previous page).
IMPORTANT NOTE: Use caution after changing the filter;
air in the hydraulic system may affect the responsiveness
of the control levers. Repeat step 5 until the air is out of
the system.
WARNING
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
Cleaning
the Battery
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks away
from the battery.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. Jf not done in this order, the positive
terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
and Cables
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (B, Figure 18).
2. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush until shiny.
3. Reinstall the battery and reattach the battery cables,
positive cable first (see A, Figure 18)
WARNING
4. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
Never store the unit (with fueJ) in an enclosed,
poorly ventilated structure. Fuel vapors can
travel to an ignition source (such as a furnace,
water heater, etc.) and cause an explosion.
STORAGE
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety
Rules section, then perform the following steps:
Fuel vapor is also toxic to humans and animals.
* Battery life will be increased if it is removed, put in a
cool, dry place and fully charged about once a
month. If the battery is left in the unit, disconnect the
negative cable.
* Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, & remove
the key.
* Perform engine maintenance and storage measures
listed in the engine owner's manual. This includes
draining the fuel system, or adding stabilizer to the
fuel (do not store a fueled unit in an enclosed structure - see warning).
Before starting the unit after it has been stored:
* Check all fluid levels. Check all maintenance items.
* Perform all recommended checks and procedures
found in the engine owner's manual.
* Allow the engine to warm up for several minutes
before use.
2O
& Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
, WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will extend
the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use
may eventually require that service be performed to allow
it to continue operating properly,
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the rider or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged.
Always remove the ignition key, disconnect the
spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug
before beginning the maintenance, to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common
problems, their causes and remedies,
See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments
and service repairs yourself, If you prefer, all of these
procedures can be performed for you by your local
authorized dealer,
TROUBLESHOOTING
THE RIDER
PROBLEM
Engine will not turnover
or start.
CAUSE
REMEDY
1.
2.
1. Engage parking brake.
2. Place in OFF position.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Parking brake not engaged.
PTO (electric clutch) switch
in ON position.
Out of fuel.
Engine flooded.
Gas is old or stale.
Battery terminals require
cleaning.
Battery discharged or dead.
Wiring loose or broken.
Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
10. Safety interlock switch
fa uIty.
11. Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled
or incorrectly gapped.
12. Water in fuel.
9.
Engine starts
hard or runs poorly.
Engine knocks.
Excessive
1.
2.
oil consumption.
Engine exhaust
1.
2.
is black.
Fuel mixture too rich.
Spark plug faulty, fouled, or
incorrectly gapped.
Low oil level.
Using wrong grade oil.
1.
Engine running too hot.
2.
3.
Using wrong weight oil.
Too much oil in crankcase.
1.
2.
Dirty air filter.
Engine choke control
is in closed position.
21
3. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tank.
4. Open the choke.
5. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
6. Clean the battery terminals
7. Recharge or replace.
8. Visually check wiring & replace broken or
frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
9. Repair or replace. See authorized dealer
10. Replace as needed. See authorized
service dealer.
11. Clean and gap or replace.
See engine manual.
12. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
1. Clean air filter. Check the choke.
2. Clean and gap or replace.
(See engine manual.)
1. Check/add oil as required.
2. See engine manual.
1. Clean engine fins, blower screen and
air cleaner.
2. See engine manual.
3. Drain excess oil.
1. Replace air filter. See engine manual.
2. Open choke control.
Troubleshooting,
Adjustmflts,& Service
Rider
Troub/eshooting
Continued.
CAUSE
1. Hydraulic release valve(s)
PROBLEM
Engine runs, but rider will
not drive.
REMEDY
1. Turn valve(s) clockwise to close.
2.
3.
4.
in "open" position.
Belt is broken.
Drive belt slips.
Brake is not fully released.
2. See Drive Belt Replacement.
3. See problem and cause below.
4. See authorized service dealer
Rider drive belt slips.
1.
2.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Belt stretched or worn.
1. Clean as required.
2. Replace belt.
Brake will not hold.
1.
2.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
Brake caliper pads worn.
1. See Brake Adjustment.
2. See your dealer.
Rider steers or handles poorly.
1.
2.
Steering linkage is loose.
Improper tire inflation.
1. Check and tighten any loose connections.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
TROUBLESHOOTING
THE MOWER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Mower will not raise.
1.
Lift linkage not properly attached
or damaged.
1. See authorized service dealer for repair.
Mower cut is uneven.
1.
2.
Mower not leveled properly.
Rider tires not inflated
equally or properly.
1. See Mower Adjustment.
2. See Regular Maintenance
1.
2.
3.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Blades are dull.
4.
Mower drive belt slipping
because it is oily or worn.
Blades not properly fastened
to arbors.
1. Set throttle to full.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Sharpen or replace blades.
See Mower Blade Service.
4. Clean or replace belt as necessary.
Mower cut is rough looking.
5.
Engine stalls easily with
mower engaged.
Excessive
mower vibration.
belt wear or breakage.
Mower drive belt slips
or fails to drive.
5. See Servicing the Mower Blades.
1. Set to full throttle.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting
height during first pass.
4. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward
previously cut area.
1.
2.
3.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Cutting height set too low.
4.
Discharge chute jamming
with cut grass.
1.
2.
1.Tighten to 45-55 ft.lbs. (61-75 N.m.).
2. Check and replace as necessary.
4.
Blade mounting bolts are loose.
Mower blades, arbors,
or pulleys are bent.
Mower blades are out
of balance.
Belt installed incorrectly.
1.
2.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Using incorrect belt.
1. Repair or replace.
2. Replace with correct belt.
1.
Idler pulley spring broken or not
properly attached.
Mower drive belt broken.
1. Repair or replace as needed.
3.
Excessive
Section.
2.
22
3. Remove, sharpen, and balance blades.
See Maintenance Section.
4. Reinstall Correctly.
2. Replace drive belt.
TroubJeshooUflg,
Adjustmflts,& Service
\\
\
Figure 20. Control Lever Adjustment
A. AJignment Hardware
B. Placement Hardware
C. Ground Speed Control Lever
Figure 19. Seat Adjustment
A. Adjustment Knobs
B. Seat Springs
SEAT ADJUSTMENTS
The seat and ground speed control levers should be
adjusted so that operator's elbows are supported by the
arm rests when his/her hands are on the controls, and
the ground speed control levers can be moved through
their full range of motion without contacting the operator's legs.
Seat Position
Figure 21. Top Speed Adjustment
A. Forward Top Speed Adjustment Bolt
B. Control Lever Base
C. Reverse Top Speed Adjustment Bolt
Adjustment
See Figure 19. The seat can be adjusted forward and
back. Remove the knobs (A), move the seat to the
desired position, then reinstall and tighten the knobs.
Seat Spring
SPEED BALANCING
Adjustment
AWARNING
Move the seat springs (B, Figure 19) into the front of the
adjustment slot for lighter operators, and to the rear for
heavier operator's.
GROUND SPEED CONTROL
ADJUSTMENT
ADJUSTMENT
DO NOT adjust the rider for a faster overall speed
forward or reverse than it was designed for.
LEVER
If the rider veers to the right or left when the ground
speed control levers are in the maximum forward or
reverse position, the top speed of each of these levers
can be balanced by turning the adjustment bolt(s) (A & C
Figure 21). Only adjust the speed of the wheel that is
traveling faster.
The control levers can be adjusted in three ways. The
alignment of the control levers, the placement of the
levers (how close the ends are to one another) and the
height of the levers can be adjusted.
To Adjust the Handle Alignment: Loosen the mount
bolts (A, Figure 20) and pivot the lever(s) (C) to align with
each other.
TO REDUCETHE
To Adjust the Handle Placement: Loosen the jam nuts
and adjust the placement bolt (B, Figure 20) in or out to
properly adjust the lever end spacing.
2. Turn the top speed adjustment bolt COUNTERCLOCKWISE to reduce the speed.
To Adjust the Handle Height: Remove the mounting
hardware and reposition the handle either up or down
from its original position. You will need to readjust the
handle alignment as described above.
SPEED OFTHE FASTER WHEEL
1. Loosen the jam nut securing the top speed adjustment bolt (A, C).
3. Retighten the securing nut when adjustment is complete.
23
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CUTTING
HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
The cutting height adjustment pin (A, Figure 22) controls
the mower cutting height. The cutting height is
adjustable between 1-1/2" (3,8 cm) and 4-1/2" (11,4cm).
Pulling the lever back fully locks the control in transport
position.
To adjust cutting height:
1. Pull the adjustment lever (B, Figure 22) back fully
until it locks in transport position.
2. Remove the cutting height adjustment pin (A) and
insert it into the desired hole.
3. Pull back on the adjustment lever (B), squeeze the
smaller transport release lever (C), and allow the
lever to move forward until it is supported by the cutting height adjustment pin (A).
ROLLER
BAR ADJUSTMENT
The rollers on this Zero Turn unit are not intended to ride
on the ground. DO NOT adjust rollers to ride on the
ground. Rollers riding on the ground will damage turf and
or unit.
NEUTRAL
Figure 22. Cutting Height Adjustment
A. Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
B. Deck Lift / Cutting Height Lever
C. Transport Release Lever
ADJUSTMENT
If the unit creeps forward or backward with the control
levers in their neutral positions, see your dealer.
24
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PARKING
BRAKE
ADJUSTMENT
Brake Adjustment
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, block the front
wheels, remove the ignition key, and engage the
parking brake.
2. Elevate the rear end of the unit and remove the rear
wheels.
3. Check the brake spring (A, Figure 23) length (both
wheels). With the brake engaged the compressed
spring length should be 2" (5 cm). If not, adjust the
Iocknut (C, Figure 23) to achieve the compressed
spring length of 2" (5 cm).
4. After achieving the correct spring compression, check
the set collar gap (B, Figure 23). With the parking
brake engaged, the set collar gap should be 3/16" (5
mm). If not, loosen the set collar screw and move the
collar to the correct position.
FRONT SUSPENSION
(SELECT
Figure 23. Parking Brake Adjustment
A. Brake Spring
B. Set Collar
C. Locknut
ADJUSTMENT
MODELS)
The shock assembly can be adjusted to vary the amount
of pre-load applied to the springs. This allows the operator to customize the ride according to operator's weight
and operating conditions.
iNCREASE
DECREASE
G
0
LESS PRE-LOAD:
* Light operator weight
* Softer, more cushioned ride
* Best for relatively flat terrain
MORE PRE-LOAD:
* Heavy operator weight
* Stiffer, more rigid ride
Figure 24. Front Suspension Adjustment
A. Pre=Load Adjustment Collar
* Better handling and greater stability on hilly terrain
TO ADJUST THE SPRING PRE-LOAD:
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
2. See Figure 24. Turn the pre-load adjustment collar
(A) CLOCKWISE to increase the pre-load, turn
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE to decrease the pre-load.
Make sure both shocks are set to the same amount
of pre-load.
25
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Figure 26. Adjust PTO Clutch
A. Window
B. Adjustment Nut
C..016"-.018"
(0,40-0,45mm) Feeler Gauge
Figure 25. PTO Clutch Adjustment
A. Adjustment Window (Qty. 3, one shown)
B. Adjustment Nut
PTO CLUTCH
ADJUSTMENT
WARNING
Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 25 hour
break-in period and then after every 250 hours of operation. Also perform the following procedure if the clutch is
slipping or will not engage, or if a new clutch has been
installed.
To avoid serious injury, perform adjustments only
with engine stopped, key removed and rider on
level ground.
BLADE
1. Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect
spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of accidental starting while the PTO is being adjusted.
BRAKE
CHECK
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off.
2. See Figure 25. Note the position of the 3 adjustment
windows (A) in the side of the brake plate and the
nylock adjustment nuts (B).
1. With parking brake engaged, PTO disengaged and
an operator in the seat, start the engine engine.
3. Insert a .016"-.018" (0,40-0,45mm) feeler gauge (C)
through each window, positioning the gauge between
the rotor face and the armature face as shown in
2. Have an assistant observe the mower drive belt
through the opening between the frame and top of
mower deck. Engage the PTO and wait several seconds. Disengage the PTO and check the amount of
time it takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
Figure 26.
4. Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts (B, Figure 25)
until the rotor face and armature face just contacts
the gauge.
3. If the mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds, perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment. If the belt
still does not stop within 5 seconds, see your dealer.
5. Check the windows for an equal amount of tension
when the gauge is inserted and removed, and make
any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosening the adjustment nuts.
NOTE: The actual air gap between the rotor and armature may vary even after performing the adjustment procedure. This is due to dimensional variations on component parts, and is an acceptable condition.
6. Check the mower blade stopping time. The mower
blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after the electric PTO
switch is turned off.
26
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Figure 27. Orient Blades Side=to=Side
Figure 28. Measure Blade Tips to Ground
A. Mower Deck
C. Level Ground
B. Blade Tip
MOWER DECK LEVELING
Perform these adjustments on a flat level surface.
Note: Do not adjust the mower rift height rod (H, Figure
29) as it will effect the mower deck lift height,
SIDE-TO=SIDELEVELING
1. With the mower installed, place the rider on a
smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Turn
the front wheels so they are straight.
2. Check for bent blades and replace if necessary.
3. Place the mower cutting height pin in the 4th hole
from the bottom (C, Figure 29). Arrange the
outside mower blades so that they are pointing from
side-to-side (Figure 27).
4. Measure the distance between the outside tips of
each blade and the ground (Figures 27 & 28). If there
is more than 1/8" (3mm) difference between the
measurements on each side, proceed to step 5. If the
difference is 1/8" (3mm) or less, proceed to step 6.
Figure 29. Mower Leveling
A. Front Leveling Jam Nuts
B. Rear Leveling Rods
C. 4th Cutting Height Hole
D. Rear Hanger Rods
5. Use the rear leveling rods (B, Figure 29) to adjust the
side-to-side leveling of the deck. Repeat step 4 if
necessary.
FRONT=TO-BACKLEVELING
6. Arrange the blades so they face front-to-back
30).
E.
F.
G.
H.
Front Hanger Rods
Set Collars
Stabilizer
Mower Height Rod
(Figure
7. Measure the distance from the ground to the front tip
of the center blade, and from the ground to rear tips
of left-hand and right-hand blades (Figures 28 & 30).
The front tip of the center blade should be 1/4" (6mm)
higher than rear tips of left-hand and right-hand
blades. If not, proceed with steps 8 - 11.
Figure 30. Orient Blades Front-to=Back
8. Check the length of the hanging rods: the rear (D,
Figure 29) should be 15" (38,1cm) and is not adjusted. The front rods (E) should be initially adjusted to
14-3/4" (37,5cm). To adjust the pitch of the mower
deck, adjust the front pitch rods only.
10. Re-check the blade measurement then repeat steps
7-11 as necessary.
9. To lower the front of mower deck, loosen the set collars (F, Figure 29) and slide towards the mower deck,
loosen the jam nuts (A) and adjust the clevises out.
Reverse this to raise the front of the mower. Be sure
to raise or lower both clevis the same amount.
11. Reposition the deck stabilizers (G) against the jam
nuts (A) and push the set collars (F) up to meet the
stabilizer and tighten.
27
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ROLLER
BAR LEVELING
(if Equipped)
1. First level the mower deck using the procedure found
in MOWER DECK LEVELING.
2. With the mower installed, place the rider on a
smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Turn
the front wheels so they are straight.
3. Place the mower cutting height pin in the 4th hole
from the bottom (C, Figure 29).
4. Measure the distance between the outside ends of
the roller bar and the ground. If there is more than
1/8" (3mm) difference between the measurements on
each side, proceed to step 5.
5. Locate the roller bar leveling eccentric and Iocknuts
(A, Figure 31). Loosen the Iocknut and turn the
eccentric to raise or lower a side. When the correct
level is achieved, hold the eccentric with a wrench
and tighten the Iocknut. Repeat step 4 if necessary.
Figure 31. Roller Bar Leveling
A. Eccentric and Locknut
28
Troubleshooting,
Adjustmflts,& Service
HYDRAULIC PUMP DRIVE BELT
REPLACEMENT
1. Park the rider on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the ignition
key.
2. Remove the PTO drive belt (see MOWER BELT
REPLACEMENT for removal instructions).
3. Loosen the nut towards the front of the machine on
the spring anchor hook (H, Figure 32) to release the
majority of the belt tension. Use caution and remove
the nut to completely release the tension.
4. Remove the old belt and replace it with the new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the grooves
of the crankshaft pulley and pump pulleys (B & C).
5. Reinstall the anchor hook (H) into the anchor tab and
loosely fasten the nut. Adjust the spring until a measurement of 7-3/4" (19,7cm) is achieved from the outside of the spring hooks. Tighten nut.
Figure 32. Hydraulic Pump Drive Belt Replacement
(Shown from Below)
A. Pump Drive Belt
B. Crankshaft Pulley
C. Pump Pulley
D. Idler Pulley (stationary)
E. Idler Pulley
E Idler Arm
G. Spring
H. Spring Anchor Hook
6. Reinstall the PTO drive belt.
BATTERY CHARGING
WARNING
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
be the result of a defect in the charging system or other
electrical component, if there is any doubt about the
cause of the problem, see your dealer. If you need to
replace the battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the
Battery & Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section.
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
To charge the battery, follow the instructions provided by
the battery charger manufacturer as well as all warnings
included in the safety rules sections of this book. Charge
the battery until fully charged (until the specific gravity of
the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60 ° F). Do not charge at a rate higher
than 10 amps.
29
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FRONT
Figure 33. Mower BeJt Routing
A. Arbor Pulleys
B. Back-Side Idler Pulleys
C. PTO Pulley
D. BeJt Tension ReJease Lever
Figure 34. Belt Covers
A. Right Side Belt Cover
B. Left Side Belt Cover
MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT
PRYavoid
BELTS
OVER PULLEYS.
To
damaging
belts, DO NOT
1. Park the rider on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the ignition
key.
2. Remove the capscrews securing the left and right
belt covers (A, B Figure 34) and remove the covers.
3. Raise the mower deck to transport position. Use the
lever (D, Figure 33) to release tension on the mower
belt and remove the belt from the PTO pulley (C).
4. Remove the old drive belt and install the new one as
shown in Figure 33. Note that the back of the drive
belt must ride against the back-side idler pulleys (B).
Use the belt tension lever (D) to release tension on
the idler pulley for installation.
MOWER BELT TENSION
ADJUSTMENT
Figure 35. Mower Drive Belt Tension Adjustment
A. idler Bracket
B. Tensioning Spring
If the mower drive belt stretches over time, the idler pulley bracket can be adjusted to provide more belt tension.
The initial setting of the bracket is shown in Figure 35.
1. Place the mower cutting height control in the 4-1/2"
position (C, Figure 29).
2. Measure the extended length of the belt tensioning
spring (B, Figure 35). The spring length (from inside
end of the hook to inside end of hook) should be
greater than 7" (17.8 cm). If not, adjust the bracket
accordingly.
30
NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice.
* Actual sustained equipment horsepower will likely be lower due to operating limitations and environmental factors.
ENGINE:
TRANSMISSIONS:
18 HP* Kohler
Make
Model
Horsepower
Displacement
Electrical System
Oil Capacity
20 HP* Briggs
Make
Model
Horsepower
Displacement
Electrical System
Oil Capacity
HydroGear
Kohler
Command PRO 18
18 @ 3400rpm
30.08 Cu. in (493 cc)
12 Volt, 15 amp. Alternator,
2 qt. ( 1 .gL) w/Filter
Type
Hydraulic
Battery: 340 CCA
Fluid
Speeds
@ 3400 rpm
Continuous Torque
Output
Maximum Weight
on Axle
& Stratton
Briggs & Stratton
Vanguard
20 @ 3400 rpm
34.75 Cu. in (570 cc)
12 Volt, 16 amp. Alternator,
56 Oz. (1.7 L) w/Filter
BDP-10A
/ HGM-12P
Pump and Wheel Motor
Mobil 1TM 15W-50 synthetic oil,
Castrol Syntec TM 5W-50 oil, or
20W-50 conventional detergent motor oil
Forward: 0-7 MPH (0-11.27 kin/h)
Reverse: 0-5 MPH (0-8.05 kin/h)
266 ft. Ibs. (359 N.m.)
2000 Ibs. (907 Kg) per Axle
DIMENSIONS:
Battery: 340 CCA
Overall Length
Overall Width
Height
Weight (apx..)
With 50" Mower Deck
With 44" Mower Deck
CHASSIS:
Fuel Tank
Rear Wheels
Capacity: 6.5 Gallons (24.6 L)
Tire Size: 20 x 8.00 -10
Front Wheels
Inflation Pressure: 15 psi (1,03 bar)
Tire Size: 11 x 4.00-5
Inflation Pressure: 40 psi (2,76 bar)
31
78" (190,5 cm)
41.5" (105 cm)
42" (107 cm)
723 Ibs. (328 kg)
712 Ibs. (322 kg)
Accessories
REPLACEMENT
PARTS
TECHNICAL
Replacement parts are available from your authorized
dealer. Always use genuine Simplicity/Snapper Service
Parts.
MAINTENANCE
Additional copies of this manual are available, as well as
fully illustrated parts lists. These manuals show all of the
product's components in exploded views (3D illustrations
which show the relationship of parts and how they go
together) as well as part numbers and quantities used.
Important assembly notes and and torque values are
also included.
ITEMS
Many convenient and helpful service and maintenance
items are available from you authorized dealer. Some of
these items include:
Engine Oil
Touch-Up Paint
Grease Gun Kit
8 oz. Grease Tube
MANUALS
For applicable manuals currently available for your
model, contact our Customer Publications Department at
262-284-8519. Have the information listed in the box
below available when phoning in your request. Technical
manuals can be downloaded from
www.simplicitymfg.com or www.snapper.com
Tire Sealant
Degrimer/Degreaser
Gas Stabilizer
Model:
Mfg. No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
32
Visa/Mastercard
No.:
Card Expiration
Date:
LawnCare
& MowingInformation
HOW AND WHEN TO
HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN
WATER, FERTILIZE
AERATE
The best method of watering a lawn
is to imitate a slow, soaking rain,
applying about 1 inch of water.
HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN
&
Most lawns are watered too often,
but with too little water. However
too much water can allow development of diseases with your lawn. It is
best to water the lawn only when
necessary, and then to water it
slowly, evenly, and deeply--imitating a slow, soaking rain.
WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN
When the lawn begins to wilt, the grass's color dulls, or
footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds,
the lawn is beginning to dry out, and needs additional
moisture. The best time to water is early morning to allow
the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the
amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun.
Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing nutrients which
help create slow, even growth.
Remember that over-fertilizing can
cause harm, and that most fertilizing
should be applied in the spring so
that it will release into the lawn
through the summer.
AERATING YOUR LAWN
Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator
to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the
speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper
root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater
movement of water, fertilizer and air.
HOW HIGH TO MOW THE GRASS
Cut less than
1/3
Cutting the grass too short causes weak, thin
grass plants, which are easily damaged by dry
periods and pests.
cutting point
at less than
113 from top
of grass blade
Letting grass grow a bit longer--especially when it
is hot and dry--reduces heat build-up, preserves
needed moisture and protects the grass from heat
damage and other problems.
Cutting down to this
area contributes to
thatch problems
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant's
growth system and weakens the grass plants. A
good rule of thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no
more than one third of the grass height, and
never more than 1 inch at a time.
Cut Here On
First Pass
JfII/IJIdI_lf\,_/
Cut
Here On
Tall Grass Requires
Second
Pass
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the desired
height and mow a second or third time.
Incremental
Cutting
Don't cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings.
TP
600-2136-03-W-SHA
LC-1
LawnCare& MowingInformation
WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect the results you'll
get when mowing. For the best results, follow these guidelines:
•
Mow when the grass is between 3"-4" (7,5-10 cm) high.
•
Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass one inch or shorter
decompose more quickly than longer blades. Sharp mower blades cut
grass cleanly and efficiently, preventing frayed edges which harm the
grass.
•
Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry. Late afternoon or
early evening often provide these ideal mowing conditions.
•
Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and never mulch when the
grass is wet (moist grass does not mulch well, and clumps beneath the
mower deck).
Note: Always
PROPER
MOWING
operate the engine at full throttle
SPEED
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED
Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast--maintaining
a slower ground speed will improve the
cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common cutting problems.
Select an appropriate ground speed for the thickness
and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or slower for manual gear models, or mid-range or slower for
hydro models). If you hear the engine slowing down you
are mowing too fast, use a slower ground speed.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF
Mow when the grass is 3"-4" inches (7,5-10cm) long. Do
not cut off more that 1" (2.5cm) of grass in a single pass.
LC-2
when mowing.
PRODUCTS,
INC.
McDonough, GA., 30253
www.snapper.com
MANUFACTURING,
INC.
500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997
Port Washington, Wl 53074-0997
www.simplicitymfg.com
© Copyright 2004, Simplicity Manufacturing,
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Inc.