COBHAM | C406-2 SERIES | Specifications | COBHAM C406-2 SERIES Specifications

DESCRIPTION, OPERATION, INSTALLATION
AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
DOCUMENT NUMBER: 570-5000 REV. A
ARTEX 406 MHz EMERGENCY
LOCATOR TRANSMITTERS
C406-2
C406-2HM
ARTEXAIRCRAFTSUPPLIES,INC.
REGISTEREDTO ISO9001
ANDAS9100
FILENUMBER A10217
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES, INC.14405 Keil Road N.E., Aurora, Oregon 97002
Tel# (503)-678-7929, (800)-547-8901 Fax# (503)-678-7930
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
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406 MHz ELT Change of Ownership/Change of Reg is tration Form (U.S.)
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Table of Contents
DOCUMENT #570-5000
PAGE
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ..........................................................1-1
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION.................................................................1-2
LINE REPLACEMENT UNITS (LRU) .........................................................1-3
TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS............................................1-3
121.5/243.0 MHz TRANSMITTER...............................................................1-4
406.025 MHz TRANSMITTER .....................................................................1-4
FIGURE 1-1 G-SWITCH CURVE .............................................................1-4
FCC REQUIREMENTS...................................................................1-5
TSO REQUIREMENTS...................................................................1-5
ACTIVATION MONITOR ..............................................................................1-5
G-SWITCH ................................................................................................... .1-5
BATTERY PACK ..........................................................................................1-5
REMOTE CONTROL....................................................................................1-6
Artex Antennas.............................................................................1-6
ROD ANTENNAS .........................................................................................1-6
BLADE ANTENNAS.....................................................................................1-6
FIGURE 1-2
ROD ANTENNA (110-320) .................................................1-8
FIGURE 1-3
BLADE ANTENNA (110-337).............................................1-8
FIGURE 1-4
BLADE ANTENNA (110-333 ..............................................1-9
FIGURE 1-5
BLADE ANTENNA (110-328-01)........................................1-9
C406-2 OPERATION.................................................................2-1
Operation.........................................................................................2-2
Overall Functions..........................................................................2-2
FIGURE 2-1
ELT FUNCTIONAL FLOW ..................................................2-3
INSTALLATION .........................................................................3-1
Basic Overview...............................................................................3-2
FIGURE 3-1
ELT AND REMOTE SWITCH PANEL ..............................3-2
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DOCUMENT #570-5000
ELT Mounting Locations..............................................................3-3
FIGURE 3-2
MOUNTING TRAY INSTALLATION ...................................3-3
Figure 3-3 ELT Outline Dimensions..........................................3-4
Figure 3-4 Blade Antenna Outline 110-337..............................3-5
Figure 3-5 Rod Antenna Outline 110-320.................................3-6
FIgure 3-6 Blade Antenna Outline 110-333..............................3-7
Figure 3-7 Blade Antenna Outline 110-328-01.........................3-8
Antenna Mounting Locations.......................................................3-9
FIGURE 3-8
RE MOTE SWITCH OUTLINE DIMENSIONS ....................3-10
Installing the Mounting Tray......................................................3-10
Installing the Antenna..................................................................3-11
Mounting the Cockpit Light/Switch Assembly.........................3-11
FIGURE 3-9
ELT MOLEX CONNECTOR INSTALLATION....................3-11
Wiring the C406-2 System...........................................................3-12
Fabricate the Cable .....................................................................................3-12
FIGURE 3-10 WIRING DIAGRAMS .........................................................3-13
FIGURE 3-11
ELT-TO-REMOTE SWITCH INTERFACE DIAGRAM .....3-14
Connecting the ELT .....................................................................................3-15
Wiring Switch Assembly 9-Pin Connector .................................................3-15
FIGURE 3-12 BUZZER BRACKET ..........................................................3-15
Power and Ground ......................................................................................3-16
Finishing U p..................................................................................................3-16
Buzzer Installation........................................................................................3-17
Transmitter Test.............................................................................3-17
Sealing the ELT Connector.........................................................3-19
Helicopter Installations.................................................................3-19
FIGURE 3-13 HELICOPTER INSTALLATION...........................................3-20
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ......................................................4-1
In the United States......................................................................4-2
In Canada........................................................................................4-2
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Periodic Maintenance Inspection Procedure............................4-2
FIGURE 4-1 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST ..........................4-3
Step 1 Re move ELT Connections .............................................................4-4
Step 2 Re move ELT ...................................................................................4-4
Step 3a Remove Battery Pack ..................................................................4-4
Step 3b Replace/Reinstall Bat tery Pack ....................................................4-5
Step 4 G-Switch Check ..............................................................................4-5
Step 5a Electrical Check............................................................................4-5
Step 5b 121.5/243.0 MHz Power Output ..................................................4-5
Step 5c 121.5 MHz Frequency..................................................................4-6
Step 5d Audio Modulation ..........................................................................4-6
Step 5e Measure 406.025 MHz Power.....................................................4-6
Step 5f Measure 406.025 MHz Frequency...............................................4-7
Step 5g Current Draw Tests ......................................................................4-7
FIGURE 4-2
TEST HARNESS CONNECTION .......................................4-8
Step 5h Verification of Digital Message ....................................................4-9
FIGURE 4-3A BEACON TEST SET DISPLAYS ....................................4-10
FIGURE 4-3B BEACON TEST SET DISPLAYS ......................................4-11
Step 5i Reset ELT ......................................................................................4-12
Step 6 Re install ELT ...................................................................................4-12
Step 7 Installed Transmitter Test...............................................................4-13
Step 8 Antenna Test...................................................................................4-13
Figure 4-4 ELT/Battery Pack Exploded View ...........................................4-14
Step 9 Logbook Entry .................................................................................4-15
Summary of Minimum Requirements.......................................4-15
Specifications @ 121.5 MHz......................................................................4-15
Specifications @ 243.0 MHz......................................................................4-15
Specifications @ 406.025 MHz..................................................................4-15
Transmitter Test...........................................................................................4-15
ELT Battery Pack Replacement.................................................4-15
SPECIFICATIONS & APPROVALS.........................................5-1
SPECIFICATION TABLES...................................................................5-2 - 5-4
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DOCUMENT #570-5000
C406-2 Model Descriptions .........................................................5-5
Approvals ........................................................................................5-6
APPENDIX A: DOCUMENTATION & LICENSE DATA .......A-1
Available Documentation .............................................................A-2
Radio Station License Data........................................................A-2
APPENDIX B: REGISTRATION RE QUIREMENTS ...............B-1
Registration ....................................................................................B-2
406 MHz ELT CHANGE OF OWNERSHIP/CHANGE OF REGISTRATION FORM
(U.S.)
APPENDIX C: SYSTEM COMPONENT PART NUMBERS .C-1
System & Sub-component Part Numbers ................................C-2
APPENDIX D: ELT/NAV INTERFACE OP ERATION ............D-1
ELT/NAV Interface Capability......................................................D-2
ELT/NAV Interface Communication Formats............................D-3
Installation and Checkout Process ...........................................D-4
ELT to NAV Interface Information.............................................D-5
FIGURE D-1 ELT/NAV INTERFACE INSTALLATION OVERVIEW.......D-6
FIGURE D-2 ELT/NAV INTERFACE TO ELT WIRING DIAGRAM ........D-7
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DOCUMENT #570-5000
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
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1.1.
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The ARTEX C406-2 series ELT’s
(C406-2 and C406-2HM) are a “third
generation ELT,” transmitting on 121.5,
243.0 and 406.025 MHz. The ELT’s
are designed to meet or exceed the
requirements of TSO C91a, TSO C126
and the mandatory automatic ELT requirements of FAR Part 91. The ELT
meets the requirements of Ca na dian
Aviation Regulations (CAR) Part V,
Subpart 51, Airworthiness Manual Sec tion 551.104. In addition, these ELT’s
are designed to meet the re quire ments
of Eurocae ED-62.
The C406-2 series ELT’s employ a
completely new transmitter which fea tures higher output power and a more
integrated design. The 121.5/243.0
MHz section of the transmitter is con tained in a module with the 406.025
MHz transmitter. The top circuit board
contains the microprocessor that controls the module and all ELT func tions. The C406-2 is a dual output
ELT, as all previous models of Artex
406 MHz ELT’s have been.
The ELT automatically ac tivates dur ing a crash and transmits the stan dard swept tone on 121.5 and 243.0
MHz. Every 50 seconds for 520 mil liseconds (long message protocol) the
406.025 MHz transmitter turns on.
During that time an encoded digi tal
message is sent to the satellite. The
information contained in that message
is shown below:
• Serial Num ber Of The Trans mit ter or
Air craft ID.
• Coun try Code
• I.D. Code
DOCUMENT #570-5000
• Po si tion Co or di nates (when cou pled to
an ARTEX ELT/NAV ELT/NAV In ter face unit [453-6500])
Refer to Appendix D ( ELT/NAV In terface Capability) for a detailed dis cussion of the interaction between the
ELT, the ELT/NAV ELT/NAV Interface
unit and the aircraft nav igation system.
The 406.025 MHz transmitter will op erate for 24 hours and then shuts
down automatically. The 121.5/243.0
MHz transmitter will continue to op erate until the unit has exhausted the
battery power which typically will be
at least 72 hours.
The ELT/NAV Interface unit allows
the ELT to communicate with the aircraft’s navigation system and receive
position data (longitude and latitude)
which the ELT will transmit in the
event of a crash. Programming the
ELT with the 24 bit long message
protocol allows the ELT to be au to matically programmed by the ELT/NAV
Interface with the aircraft’s 24 bit ad dress. The ELT/NAV Interface unit
must be strapped (binary “1" bits tied
to ground) with the same 24 bit ad dress as the ICAO or Mode S
transponder system 24 bit address.
This gives the ELT the ability to be
moved from one aircraft to an other
without the need for manual re programming of the ELT. This is ad van tageous for fleet operators since the
ELT/NAV Interface unit will automatically reprogram the ELT with the
new aircraft’s 24 bit address identi fi cation.
One ad vantage of the 406.025 MHz
transmitter is that it will produce a
much more accurate po sition, typically
1 to 2 kilometers as compared to 15
to 20 kilometers for 121.5/243.0 MHz
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ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
transmitters. When coupled with the
aircraft’s navigation system the po si tion
accuracy improves to approximately
100 meters. The ELT also transmits a
digital message which allows the
search and rescue au thorities to contact the owner/operator of the aircraft
through a database. In formation con tained in the database that may be
useful in the event of a crash is
shown below:
DOCUMENT #570-5000
yours, have been subjected to nu merous 500g shock pulses, 1000 pound
crush weights and severe penetrator
tests, and continue to operate nor mally. Continued operation in a tem perature range of -20 degrees C
through +55 degrees C is assured.
1.1.1. LINE REPLACEMENT
UNITS (LRU)
1.1.2. The C406-2 series system con -
• Type of Aircraft
• Ad dress of Owner
• Tele phone Num ber of Owner
• Air craft Reg is tra tion Num ber
• Al ter nate Emer gency Con tact
Once the ELT is activated and the
406.025 MHz signal is detected from
the satellite and a position is cal culated, the 121.5/243.0 MHz trans missions are used to home in on the
crash site. Because aircraft com mu nication radios are not capable of receiving 406.025 MHz transmissions,
the only method of monitoring the ELT
is the blinking cockpit light, the buzzer
or the 121.5/243.0 MHz transmissions
which may be monitored on the aircraft communication transceiver.
sists of the following components:
ELT Unit
• a. G-Switch
• b. Trans mit ter
• c. Mi cro pro ces sor
• d. Mis cel la neous com po nents
• e. “ON” Light
• f. Trans mit ter Mod ule
Battery Pack
Fixed Antenna
Connecting Coax Cable
Mounting Tray
Protective Top Cover
Mounting Tray End Cap
Cockpit Remote Switch Assembly
Buzzer
The switch below the ELT cockpit
light allows you to turn the unit on for
testing and to reset the unit. You can not “disarm” or disable the unit from
the cockpit. Cockpit op eration is lim ited to deactivating the ELT after it
has been activated, or manually ac tivating the ELT.
The C406-2 series ELT’s are housed
in a high impact fire resistant
polycarbonate plastic case. The ELT
unit is able to withstand extremely
harsh environments. Units, exactly like
Installation Kit
1.2. TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS
The printed circuit as sembly (PCA) of
the C406-2 series ELT is unique in
that the PCA has no RF function but
rather only control func tions for the
RF module. The PCA contains a one
time programmable microprocessor that
controls all the ELT functions
(ON/OFF, modulation, 406 MHz dig i tal
message and RESET).
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ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
All RF functions are con tained in a
separate module. The transmitter op erates simultaneously on 121.5 and
243.0 MHz with the carrier fre quen cies
remaining within 0.005% under all environmental operating conditions. Approximately every 50 seconds the
406.025 MHz transmitter transmits.
During this time the 121.5 and 243.0
MHz transmitter is momentarily turned
off.
1.2.1. 121.5/243.0 MHz TRANSMITTER
The AM mod ulation at 121.5 and
243.0 MHz is designated as A9 with
the carrier amplitude modulated with
an audio frequency sweeping down ward over a range of not less than
700 Hz, within the range of 1,600 to
300 Hz. The sweep repetition rate is
between 2 and 4 Hz with a mod u lation factor of at least 0.85. The mod u-
DOCUMENT #570-5000
lation ap plied to the carrier frequency
has a minimum duty cycle of 33%
and a maximum duty cycle of 55%.
The ARTEX C406-2 series ELT is
designed for a constant power output
at 121.5 and 243.0 MHz that will not
be less than 23 dBm (200 mW) dur ing the 50 hour operational period at
both -20 degrees Centigrade and +55
degrees Centigrade.
1.2.2. 406.025 MHz TRANS MITTER
A digital information message is
sent to the satellite via the 406.025
MHz transmitter. The modulation is
phase modulated and classified as
16K0G1D. Every 47.5 to 52.5 seconds the 5 Watt transmitter is turned
on for 440 mS (short message) or
520 mS (long message)
FIGURE 1-1 G-SWITCH CURVE
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The information sent to the satellite
is programmed at the factory and con tains a unique number that can be
used to identify the beacon.
1.3.
FCC REQUIREMENT
The ELT shall maintain a frequency
stability of 50 parts per million on
121.5 and 243.0 MHz. This allows a
variation of plus or minus 6.075 KHz
at 121.5 MHz.
On any frequency removed from the
assigned frequency by more than 50
percent up to and including 100 percent of the authorized bandwidth the
power is to be attenuated at least 25
dB.
On any frequency removed from the
assigned frequency by more than 100
percent up to and including 250 percent of authorized bandwidth the
power is to be attenuated at least 35
dB.
On any frequency removed from the
assigned frequency by more than 250
percent of the authorized bandwidth
the power is to be attenuated at least
40 dB.
There are no equivalent FCC re quirements for the 406.025 MHz frequency.
1.4.
TSO REQUIREMENTS
To gain TSO approval of a 406.025
MHz ELT it is necessary to meet the
requirements of TSO C126. The following sections contain descriptions o f
components nec essary to meet TSO
C126 with the ARTEX C406-2 series
ELT’s.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
1.4.1. ACTIVATION MONITOR
An aural and/or visual monitor is pro vided to alert the pilot when the ELT
has been activated and is transmitting.
The following requirements apply to
the activation monitors:
a. Aural Monitor - The aural mon i tor
provides a distinct sig nal enabling a
search and rescue team to locate an
aircraft with a transmitting ELT in a
confined area with a large number of
aircraft (i.e. such as an airport). The
search and rescue team would listen
for the aural monitor and easily locate
and dis able the offending ELT with out
a great deal of effort.
b. Visual Monitor - The visual mon itor is de signed to be installed so that
it can be viewed from the pilot’s po sition. Its intended function is to inform
the pilot that the ELT is transmitting,
avoiding a situation where an aircraft
is flying with its ELT transmitting.
1.4.2. G-SWITCH
The crash force activation sensor or
G-Switch is designed to activate with
a change of velocity of 4.5 fps +/-0.5
fps both under normal conditions and
while be ing sub jected to 30 G’s of
cross axis forces. Figure 1-1 shows
the plot of time versus G Force that
the G-Switch must be qualified to in
order to meet ED-62 approval cri te ria.
The FAA has allowed the use of this
G-Switch under TSO C126.
1.4.3. BATTERY PACK
The Battery Pack for all the C406-2
series ELT’s consists of 4 “D” size
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Lithium Manganese Di oxide cells connected in series. In an effort to in crease the safety of the battery pack,
a number of features were designed
into the battery pack. To prevent the
cells from being charged, diodes are
connected across each cell and fuses
are connected to the output.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
1.5.1. Rod Antenna (Dual Input)
The 110-320 Rod Antenna (refer to
Figure 1-2) is intended for lower
speed aircraft that do not exceed 350
knots TAS.
110-320 SPEC I FI CA TIONS
• Freq: 121.5, 243.0 & 406.025 MHz
1.4.4. REMOTE CONTROL
The remote control (cockpit panel
switch) provides “MANUAL ON,”
“ARMED,” and “RESET” modes. The
remote control wiring be tween the con trol and the ELT is designed so that
no combination of short circuits be tween the remote con trol, monitor(s),
associated wiring and the airframe will:
• In hibit the equip ment from be ing au tomat i cally ac ti vated.
• Deactivate the ELT af ter it has been activated.
• Re sult in ad di tional power drain so that
the ELT will not meet the min i mum Peak
Ef fec tive Ra di ated Power ( PERP) of 17
dBm or Equiv a lent Iso tro pic Ra di ated
Power (EIRP) of 20 dBm through the 50
hour op er a tion pe riod at any of the
spec i fied op er at ing temperatures (-20°
C to +55° C).
1.5. ARTEX Dual Input An tennas
All of the ARTEX 406 dual element
antennas are designed to work with
any of the ARTEX Dual output 406
ELT’s including the C406-2 and
C406-2HM.
• VSWR : 2.0:1 Max. for 121.5/243.0 MHz
1.5 Max. for 406.025 MHz
• Po lar iza tion: Ver ti cal
• Radiation Pat tern: Omnidirectional
• Air speed Rat ing: 350 Knots TAS
• Con nec tors: BNC & TNC
1.5.2. Blade Antennas (Dual Input)
The 110-337 Blade Antenna (refer to
Figure 1-3) is the ARTEX antenna of
choice for use on aircraft that do not
exceed Mach 1.
110-337 SPEC I FI CA TIONS
• Freq: 121.5, 243.0 & 406.025 MHz
• VSWR: 2.0:1 Max at 121.5/243.0 MHz
1.50:1 Max for 406.025 MHz
• Po lar iza tion: Ver ti cal
• Radiation Pat tern: Omnidirectional
• Air speed Rat ing: Mach 1
• Con nec tors: BNC & TNC
The 110-333 Blade Antenna (refer to
Figure 1-4) is intended for use on aircraft that do not exceed Mach 1.
110-333 SPEC I FI CA TIONS
• Freq: 121.5, 243.0 & 406.025 MHz
• VSWR: 1.75:1 Max for 121.5/243.0 MHz
1.50:1 Max for 406.025 MHz
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ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
• Polarization: Vertical
• Radiation Pat tern: Omnidirectional
• Air speed Rat ing: Mach 1.
• Connectors: BNC & TNC
The 110-328-01 Blade Antenna (re fer
to Figure 1-5) is intended for use
by OEMs who have previously de signed this antenna into their ap pli cations on higher speed aircraft that do
not exceed Mach 1.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
110-328-01 SPEC I FI CA TIONS
• Freq: 121.5, 243.0 & 406.025 MHz
• VSWR: 2.0:1 Max at 121/5/243.0 MHz,
1.50:1 Max for 406.025 MHz
• Po lar iza tion: Ver ti cal
• Radiation Pat tern: Omnidirectional
• Air speed Rat ing: Mach 1
• Con nec tors: BNC & TNC
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FIGURE 1-2 ROD ANT 110-320
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FIGURE 1-3 BLADE ANT 110-337
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FIGURE 1-4 BLADE ANT 110-333
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FIGURE 1-5 BLADE ANT 110-328-01
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C406-2 OPERATION
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DOCUMENT #570-5000
2.2. Overall Functions
2.1.
Operation
One of the primary features of the
C406-2 series ELT’s are their simplicity of
operation. As long as the ELT is locked
into its mounting tray, it will activate in a
crash. Neither the cockpit switch nor the
ELT unit switch can be positioned to prevent automatic ac tivation once the unit is
mounted properly.
It also is designed against human er ror
and misuse in regards to automatic ac tivation. The unit activates only when se cure-ly mounted in its tray and has pins
5 & 8 jumpered. The ELT cannot be ac cidently ac tivated by dropping, rough han dling or during shipping.
When the ELT is activated, the pres ence
of the emergency swept tone and a flash ing front panel light indicates a nor mally
functioning unit. The front panel light must
immediately begin to continuously flash
upon ELT activation.
Under normal operation the switch con figuration on your front panel is the down
position, reading “ARM”. The switch on
the ELT unit will also be positioned down
to read “OFF”. Should an emergency
arise to the degree that you want to
manually ac tivate your ELT, reverse either
switch so it is in the up (“ON”) position.
Remember, that as long as the front
panel and ELT switches are in the ARM
/OFF position the ELT will automatically
activate on impact.
If your ELT is activated accidentally,
you will need to reset it. Do this by moving the front panel switch to “ON”, then
immediately rocking it back to “ARM”. You
may also reset the ELT at the unit itself
by positioning the switch on the ELT up
to “ON”, then immediately back down to
“OFF”.
Figure 2-1 shows the functional flow for
the ELT. The ELT unit is considered to
be either “ACTIVE” or “INACTIVE”. When
“INACTIVE”, the unit lies in a state of
rest and performs no func tions. Taking
the unit from the “INACTIVE” to the “ACTIVE” state requires a positive switch
transition from one of three sources:
• Panel Mounted Switch
• Unit Mounted Switch
• G-switch
Upon entering the “AC TIVE” state, the
unit shall meet all the requirements as
described herein. To exit the “ACTIVE”
state and enter the “INACTIVE” state, a
“RESET” condition must be entered. This
may be accomplished in one of two
ways.
(a) The front panel switch may be tog gled from the “ARMED/RESET” po sition
to “ON” and then back to “ARMED/RE SET”, or if the switch is already in the
“ON” position, it must be placed into the
“ARMED /RESET” po sition.
(b) The ELT unit switch may be moved
from the “OFF” position to the “ON” po sition and then back to the “OFF” po si tion.
If the switch is already in the “ON” po sition, it must be placed into the “OFF”
position.
It should be remembered that the ELT
can not be “RESET” if either the panel
mounted switch or the unit switch is in
the “ON” position.
The periodicity of operational checks is
at the operator’s dis cretion, however, a
monthly test is recommended. The check
shall only be conducted dur ing the first
five minutes of any UTC (coordinated uni versal time) hour, and restricted in du ration to not more than five seconds.
04/11/01 PAGE 2-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
FIGURE 2-1 ELT FUNC TIONAL FLOW
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ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
06/30/99 PAGE 2-4
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
INSTALLATION
06/30/99 PAGE 3-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING IN STRUC TIONS
CAREFULLY!
of the ELT is somewhat unique; it requires experience in sheet metal work
and avi onics. Only licensed tech nicians should install the ELT.
TSO C126 PARAGRAPH D RE QUIREMENTS:
“The conditions and tests required
for TSO approval of this article are
minimum performance standards. It
is the responsibility of those de siring to install this article on a spe cific type or class of aircraft to
determine that the aircraft in stallation conditions are within the TSO
standards. The article may be installed only if further evaluation b y
the applicant documents an ac ceptable installation and it is approved
by the administrator.”
The ELT is designed with the in staller
in mind. Extra ef fort has been made
to simplify the installation process.
Because of the critical nature of an
ELT, it is very important that the installation be performed according to
the following instructions. Installation
Many problems associated with the
older ELTs were due to poor in stal lations. Many of those poor installations occurred at the factory o n
new airplanes. Therefore, dupli cating a previous ELT installation with
the ARTEX ELT may not be ac ceptable.
In ad dition to the procedures out lined
herein, the installer must adhere to
the guidelines established in
FAA-Advisory Circular 43.13-2A (Ac ceptable Methods, Techniques and
Practices -Aircraft Al terations). Spe cifically, Chapters 1 through 3, 11
and 13.
By signing either the aircraft log books
or the FAA Form 337, you are stat ing that the installation has been per formed in accordance with the cur rent
FARs and with the steps and pro cedures outlined herein.
FIGURE 3-1 ELT AND RE MOTE SWITCH PANEL
06/30/99 PAGE 3-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
In Canada, all installations must be
performed in accordance with Canadian Aviation Regulations (CAR) Part
V, Subparts 37, 51 and 71.
3.1.
ELT Mounting Lo cations
DOCUMENT #570-5000
but where it can be easily retrieved
for maintenance.
The mounting surface must be ex tremely rigid, therefore, mounting the
ELT directly to the aircraft skin is un acceptable.
Many original ELT installations are inadequate as far as unit location and
surface rigidity are concerned. Just
because the “old” ELT was located in
a particular position doesn’t mean the
“new” ELT should be located there.
Mounting an ELT directly to the air craft skin induces “crash hiding” vi brations and provides a very poor structural mounting surface. The mounting
location must be able to support 100
pounds of force in any direction with
no appreciable distortion in the struc ture.
Statistics show that the tail section of
an airplane is least likely to be damaged during a crash and, therefore,
provides a good mounting en vi ron ment
for the ELT unit.
The following are the FAA guidelines
for mounting an ELT (per RTCA
DO-183 Sec 3.1.8)
Accessibility of the unit is an important factor in the location of the ELT.
Mount the unit as far aft as prac ti cal,
• “The ELT shall be mounted to pri mary
air craft load car ry ing struc tures such as
trusses, bulk heads, longerons, spars,
or floor beams.”
8-32x5/8SCREW
(4PLCS)
#8FLATWASHER
(4PLCS)
EQUIPMENT
MOUNTINGPLATE
#8LOCKWASHER
(4PLCS)
8-32x1/4HEXNUT
(4 PLCS)
AIRFRAME
FIGURE 3-2 MOUNTING TRAY INSTALLATION
04/11/01 PAGE 3-3
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
0.165DIA.MOUNTING
HOLES(4PLCS)
3.82
2.00
3.90
NOTES:
1. Allow5 inches minimumclearance for endcapremovaland installation.
2. UnitWeight:4lbs., 7 oz.
3. UnitColor:Orange
4. UnitCoaxConnectors:BNC(121.5/243.0 MHz) andTPS(406.025MHz).
5. Matingplugdoesnotextendbeyondexteriorsurfaceofendcap.
6. Tolerances are0.030 inches.
7. Recommendedinterconnectharness wire gauge is22AWGminimum.
8. P i n s 5 a n d 8 o f t h e external connector must bejumperedtoenable G-switch.
FIGURE 3-3 ELT OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
06/30/99 PAGE 3-4
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
FIGURE 3-4 BLADE ANTENNA (110-337) OUTLINE
06/30/99 PAGE 3-5
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
12.50MAX
.
FIGURE 3-5 ROD AN TENNA (110-320) OUT LINE
06/30/99 PAGE 3-6
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
@121.5/243MHz
1.5:1ORBETTER@406.025MHz
FIGURE 3-6 BLADE ANTENNA (110-333) OUTLINE
08/01/01 PAGE 3-7
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
@121.5/243MHz
1.5:1ORBETTER@406.025MHz
DRAWNIGNOTTOSCALE
FIGURE 3-7 BLADE ANTENNA (110-328-01) OUTLINE
06/30/99 PAGE 3-8
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
• “The mounts shall have max i mum
static lo cal de flec tion no greater than
2.5 mm(0.1in) when a force of 450
newtons (100lbs) is ap plied to the
mount in the most flex i ble di rec tion. Deflec tion mea sure ments shall be made
with ref er ence to an other part of the airframe not less than 0.3 me ters (1 foot)
nor more than 1.0 me ters (3 feet) from
the mount ing lo ca tion.”
• In ad di tion, RTCA Doc u ment Num ber
DO-182 rec om mends that “all ELT system com po nents which must sur vive a
crash in tact, ....should be at tached to
the air frame in such a man ner that the
at tach ment sys tem can sup port a 100g
load...in the plus and mi nus di rec tions of
the three prin ci pal axes of the air craft.”
• Fur ther in stal la tion guid ance can be
found in FAA Ad vi sory Cir cu lar
43.13-2A (Ac cept able Methods, Techniques and Prac tices - Air craft Al terations). Chap ter 2, para graph 28 deals
spe cif i cally with Emer gency Trans mit ter
installations.
Mount the ELT unit horizontally so that
the rigidity requirements are met and the
arrow on the mounting tray is aligned
within 10 degrees of the longitudinal axis
of the aircraft and pointed in the direction
of flight. Refer to page 3-19 & Figure
3-13 for helicopter installations.
Finally, in selecting a location for the
ELT installation, the following cautionary
advice should be taken into consideration:
DOCUMENT #570-5000
CAUTION:
Avoid locating the ELT where it will be subjected
to unprotected exposure to harsh chemical
fluids such as deicing compounds. They can
promote cracking and fracturing of the ELT
mounting frame and housing components by
degrading and weakening the structural integrity
of the housing and tray material. These same
chemical agents can also cause corrosion on
electrical connections.
3.2. Antenna Mounting Lo cations
Locate a position where the antenna
can be in stalled VERTICALLY (up to 15°
off the vertical plane is acceptable) with
at least 30 inches clearance from other
antennas (especially VHF) mounted on
the aircraft.
The coax cable should not cross any
production breaks (major structural sec tions) in the aircraft so that in the event
of a crash the ELT and the antenna are
in same aircraft sec tion. This usually re quires placing the antenna directly above
the ELT unit. Do not bundle the ELT antenna coax with any other VHF radio
coax, power harness or the ELT remote
switch harness.
If the ELT transmitter and external an tenna are on opposite sides of an air frame production break, the components
should be secured to each other by a
tether which can support a 100 G load
(ELT weight x 100). The interconnecting
antenna-to-ELT coax cable should have
sufficient slack on both ends that it will
not be subjected to any tensile load and
should be tied loosely to the tether.
Use only the ARTEX approved an tennas. The ELT will not operate properly
without being connected to the antenna
for which it was designed.
04/04/02 PAGE 3-9
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
FIGURE 3-8 RE MOTE SWITCH OUT LINE DI MEN SIONS
FAA Advisory Circular 43.13-2A, Chap ter
3, paragraphs 36 through 38 provides ad ditional guid ance for antenna installations.
NOTE: Although the Top Cover also has
4 holes, do not use for mounting the
ELT.
3.3. Installing the Mounting
Tray
Mark the 4 holes needed for the tray
using the tray as a guide. Be sure the
arrow, on the tray, aligns within 10 de grees of the longitudinal axis of the air craft (and in direction of flight).
Refer to figures 3 -2 & 3-3
Before installing the tray, be sure the
mounting lo cation meets the requirements
established in ELT Mounting Locations.
Also make sure there is sufficient room
in front of the tray to easily remove the
front cap (at least 5" is recommended).
06/30/99 PAGE 3-10
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
If a reinforcement (doubler) plate is
needed to meet the rigidity re quirements,
fabricate one using the tray as a guide.
Use the antenna outline drawings (figures 3-4 through 3-12) to determine the
hole pattern and drill size.
Drill the 4 marked holes with the #19
(.1660) drill bit and install the tray with
the 8-32 X 5/8" pan head phillips screws,
nuts, flat washers and lock washers pro vided.
Two coax cables are provided with the
C406-2. The BNC to BNC cable is for
the 121.5/243.0 MHz transmitter and the
TPS (ELT end) to TNC (antenna end)
coax cable is used for the 406.025 MHz
transmitter. To eliminate con fusion caused
by wrong con nections the coax cables
were designed to connect only one way
ensuring proper operation of the C406-2.
Longer coax cables (up to 20 feet) may
be constructed if the six foot cables pro vided are too short for the installation.
RG-400 or RG-142 may be used for fabricating these ca bles.
3.4.
Installing the Antenna
Ensure that the antenna mounting lo cation meets the requirements as de scribed
in Antenna Mounting Lo cations.
A doubler plate will most likely be necessary for the antenna to meet rigidity
specifications in Antenna Mounting Lo cations.
A 20 pound force applied in all directions should not cause an appreciable
distortion in the aircraft skin.
3.5. Mounting the Cockpit
Light/ Switch Assembly
The switch assembly must be mounted
in the cockpit where the pilot can easi l y
CAUTION: Incorrect wiring of the Molex connector may damage the ELT; cause continuous
transmission; or result in no remote reset. Verify wiring against Figure 3-10. A continuity check
is recommended to ensure good connections and proper pin location.
FIGURE 3-9 ELT MOLEX CON NEC TOR IN STAL LA TION
08/01/01 PAGE 3-11
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
reach the switch and see the light. The
remote switch is required for the ELT
to be TSO C126 approved. It is not
optional.
Fabricate a 5 wire harness (22 Gauge
minimum) long enough to reach between
the ELT installation lo cation and the cockpit panel switch location. See Figure 3-9.
The switch assembly requires a space
about 2" high by about 1" wide both on
the panel surface and behind the panel.
Refer to Figure 3-8.
Strip about .150" of insulation from the
ends of each of the 5 cable wires. Dress
and tin the bare wires to prevent the
strands from fraying during the crimp terminal in stallation.
Mark a cutout for the cockpit panel
switch with the dimensions shown in Fig ure 3-8.
Install the switch assembly by fitting it
into the cutout, marking the 4 screw
holes and drilling them with a #28 (.1405)
drill bit. Use the 4-40 X 1/2" pan head
phillips screws, nuts & lock washers pro vided.
Apply the “For Aviation Emergency Use
Only /Unauthorized Use Prohibited” placard that is supplied in the In stallation Kit
as near the switch installation as prac tical.
3.6.
Wiring the 406 System
CAUTION:
Prior to installing the harness in the
12-pin receptacle, feed the wire bundle
through the rectangular hole in the mount ing frame cap. The receptacle will not fit
through the mounting frame cap harness
entrance if the harness is installed prior
to doing this.
3.6.1. Fabricate the Cable
NOTE: If the ELT is to be used with an
Artex ELT/NAV Interface (P/N 453-6500)
refer to the ARTEX ELT/NAV Interface
Installation and Operation Manual
(570-4602) for wiring instructions. Wires
will need to be run which connect pins
9, 10, 11 and 12 of the ELT to the
ELT/NAV Interface unit.
Fabricate an additional wire long enough
to reach from pin 11 of the ELT con nector to an aircraft ground point. Strip and
prepare as described above. This wire
will be crimped in the same terminal a s
the wire running from pin 11 of the ELT
connector to the cockpit re mote switch
(i.e. 2 wires terminated at the same
point). Refer to the depiction of pin 11
on Figure 3-10. As an alternative, this
wire may be spliced as described in AC
43.13-1A, Section 445 (“Splices in Elec tric
Wire”) if crimping both wires in a single
terminal is not practical.
Remember - the wires at the 12-pin
connector end of the harness must be
fed through the End Cap Assembly
prior to installing the connector. Refer
to Figure 3-9 and Section 3.6.2
On one end of the cable, use a Molex
crimp tool (Molex Tool # 11-01-0008) or
equivalent tool for .062 terminal pins and
crimp the male terminal pins provided
(ARTEX P/N 151-6627) to each of the
cable wires which will mate with the
12-pin receptacle which connects to the
ELT. Remember, there will be 2 wires at
pin 11. This end will join to the Molex
connector on the ELT unit.
On the other end of the cable, crimp
the female ter minal pins provided (ARTEX
P/N 151-6628), using Molex Tool (or
equivalent) cited above, to each of the 5
cable wires. This end will join with the
Molex connector on the cockpit panel
switch assembly.
06/30/99 PAGE 3-12
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
NOTE:PINS6&9OFREMOTESWITCH
AREINTERNALLYTIED.IFAIRCRAFTGROUND
INTEGRITYBETWEENTHEELTANDREMOTE
SWITCHCANNOTBEGUARANTEED,REMOTE
SWITCHPIN6ISWIREDTOELTPIN11,
OTHERWISETHECONNECTIONISOPTIONAL.
PININSERTIONVIEWOFMOLEX
CONNECTORFORELTUNIT.HOLE
NUMBERINGISIDENTICALTOTHAT
INSCRIBEDONACTUALCONNECTOR.
ORIENTATIONSHOWNISSAMEAS
INSTALLATIONORIENTATION.
PININSERTIONENDOFMOLEX
CONNECTORFORCOCKPITSWITCH
ASSEMBLY.HOLENUMBERINGIS
IDENTICALTOTHATINSCRIBEDON
ACTUALCONNECTOR.ORIENTATION
SHOWNISSAMEASINSERTION
ORIENTATIONFORINSTALLEDSWITCH.
FIGURE 3-10 WIRING DIAGRAM
12/10/02 PAGE 3-13
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
NOTE:
TIGHTENTHUMB
SCREWSNO
MORETHAN
18IN.LBS.
NOTECONFIGURATION
OFMOUNTINGTRAY,TOP
COVERANDENDCAP
FIG URE 3-11 ELT-TO-REMOTE SWITCH INTERFACE DIAGRAM
06/30/99 PAGE 3-14
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
1.125DIA
2.25
3.20
2.25
FIGURE 3-12 BUZZER BRACKET
For installations using ELT/NAV In terface: Crimp a male terminal pin (ARTEX
P/N 151-6627) to one end of each of the
wires which will run to the ELT/NAV Interface unit (P/N 453-6500).
On the other end of each of the wires
which run to the ELT/NAV Interface unit
solder a connector pin (ARTEX P/N
151-2100) as described in the ELT/NAV
Interface In stallation and Operation Man ual
(570-4602).
NOTE: This cable may be connected
now or after installing either the ELT or
the front panel switch assembly. All wiring must be installed in accordance with
AC 43.13-1A.
Feed the crimp terminated wires for the
12-pin connector through the rect an gu lar
hole in the mounting frame cap.
Fabricate a short jumper (about 1.5"
long) and install male terminal pins on
each end. Install the jumper be tween
pins 5 and 8 in the 12-pin receptacle. Install the remaining wires into the 12-pin
receptacle as shown in Figures 3-10 and
3-11 Push the connector into place inside the mounting tray cap. The mounting frame cap acts as a retainer for the
connector once the cap is installed on
the ELT.
Pin 1, as inscribed on the connector,
must be in the lower left hand corner as
shown in Figures 3-10 and 3-11.
3.6.2. Connecting the ELT
Refer to Figures 3-9,3-10 and 3-11
3.6.3. Wiring Switch Assembly
9-pin Connector
Before inserting the cable pins into the
9-pin connector for the cockpit switch as -
06/30/99 PAGE 3-15
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
sembly, strip and crimp a female ter minal
pin to a separate shorter wire for connection between pin 9 of the cockpit switch
and aircraft ground. Strip and crimp a fe male pin to a second wire for connection
between air craft power and the applicable
power connection (pin 1 or 3) on the
cockpit switch connector.
Insert each of the female pins into the
switch 9-pin connector, which will connect
to the cockpit re mote switch, as shown in
the wiring diagram (Figure 3-10). Push
the connector into place on the remote
switch.
NOTE: Terminal pins may be removed
by using Molex extraction tool
#11-03-0002 or equivalent.
3.6.4. Power and Ground
The power source determines when the
light functions but has no effect on the
switch functions. It is preferable to bypass
the aircraft and avionics master switches
and connect the power wire directly to
the battery with a 1 amp in-line fuse. A
better solution is connecting to the air craft
clock circuitry.
If your ELT front panel indicator light is
wired through either the aircraft master or
the avionics master switch, make sure
these switches are turned on during test ing.
NOTE: If the aircraft does not have an
electrical system (i.e. no battery), it is
permissible to fabricate, using 3 alkaline 9
volt batteries in series, a sub stitute power
source for the remote light. Connect the
positive side of power source to the
28vdc pin of the remote switch. The alter ation should be noted in the log book
and the battery should be checked pe riodically and must be replaced every two
years.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
3.6.5. Finishing Up
With its switch in the “OFF” position
(down), insert the ELT into the mounti n g
tray at an angle so that the locking ears
at the end opposite the direction-of-flight
arrow fit into the mounting tray locking
slots. Press the ELT down into the
mounting tray until fully seated.
Install the protective top cover on the
ELT by fitting the cover locking slots
over the locking ears on the ELT. Push
the cover toward the connector end of
the ELT and seat it down in place on
the ELT.
Insert the antenna coax cables through
the end cap access holes and connect
to the ELT unit. Connect the 12-pin
Molex connector to the ELT unit. Slide
the end cap into place over the mounting tray and protective top cover and secure the end cap to the mounting tray
using the two thumbscrews.
Tie up excess slack in the coax ca bles,
yet leave enough slack so that the
mounting tray cap can be easily removed.
Perform the tests as outlined herein.
It is VERY im portant that the cockpit
switch panel light immediately be gins
flashing continuously when the ELT is activated. If the light fails to start flashing
immediately, re check the interface wiring
between the ELT and the cockpit panel
switch.
Brief the operator(s) of the air craft on
the contents of this “ELT Installation and
Operation Manual” and demonstrate the
described tests. The manual should be
kept either in the aircraft or with the aircraft logbooks.
Make the appropriate logbook entries
and fill out and submit FAA Form 337.
04/11/01 PAGE 3-16
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
NOTE: The TSO approval of the ELT
does not constitute installation approval.
All ELT installations are subject to field
approval for a given airframe by either an
approved FAA DER or FSDO. For in stallations out side of the US, contact your local civil aviation authority rep resentative
for details.
WARNING
The signer of the FAA Form 337 is responsible for the accurate and complete
installation of this ELT as defined previously.
Additional information regarding the com pletion of FAA Form 337 can be found
in Advisory Circular AC 43.9-1E. Para graph h (2) of this advisory cir cular defines what is considered to be approved
data for major al terations as follows:
“Data used as a basis for approving
major repairs or alterations for return to
service must be FAA-approved prior to
its use for that purpose and includes:
FAR (e.g., airworthiness directives), AC’s
(e.g., AC 43.13-1A under cer tain cir cumstances), TSO’s, parts manufacturing approval (PMA), FAA-approved
manufacturer’s in structions, kits and service handbooks, type certificate data
sheets and aircraft spec ifications. Other
forms of approved data would be those
approved by a des ignated en gineering
representative (DER), a manufacturer hold ing a delegation option authorization
(DOA), STC’s and, with certain limitations,
previous FAA field approvals. Supporting
data such as stress analyses, test reports, sketches, or photographs should be
submitted with the FAA Form 337. These
supporting data will be returned to the
applicant by the local FAA dis trict of fice
since only FAA Form 337 is retained as
a part of the aircraft re cords at Oklahoma
City.”
DOCUMENT #570-5000
3.6.6. Buzzer Installation
A warning buzzer is required for TSO
C126 approval. The buzzer (p/n
130-4004), is powered by the ELT unit
and therefore is not dependent upon the
aircraft battery for operation. It is not de signed to operate con tinuously, but
sounds at predetermined in tervals, and
runs for shorter periods toward the end
of battery life.
While the buzzer may be located any where on the aircraft, it is recommended
that the buzzer be placed near the ELT
unit, as it is loud enough to be heard
outside the aircraft when the engine(s) is
(are) off. It is assumed that if the en gine(s) is (are) running then the cockpit
light will warn the pilot. Placing the
buzzer in the cockpit is not rec om mended
due to the very distracting, loud, siren-type sound it produces when the ELT
is intentionally or inadvertently ac tivated.
Since the buzzer operates in tandem with
the ELT cockpit switch panel light, it
would only serve as a redundant warn ing
indicator in the cockpit environment.
One way of mounting the buzzer is to
fabricate a right angle bracket using .092
inch aluminum as shown in figure 3-12.
Wire the buzzer to the ELT as shown
in the wiring di agram (Figure 3-10). Connect the positive (+) terminal to pin 2 of
the ELT connector and the negative (-)
terminal to ground.
3.7. Transmitter Test
1. Always perform the tests within the
first 5 minutes of the hour (UTC) as re quired by AC 43.13-1B, 12-21 & 12-22
Note 3. Be sure to notify any nearby
control tower of your intentions.
12/10/02 PAGE 3-17
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
2.
WARNING!
Do not allow test duration to exceed
5 sec onds. The ELT will transmit a
406.025 MHz signal after the ELT is active approximately 47 seconds, the sat ellite system considers the transmission to
be a valid distress signal.
3. If your ELT front panel indicator light
is wired through either the aircraft master
or the avionics master switch, make sure
these switches are turned on. NOTE: If
the ELT is installed with an ELT/NAV Interface, en sure that both the Interface and
the aircrafts navigational system are active
at least 30 seconds prior to the ELT test.
4. Tune a receiver (usually the aircraft
radio) to 121.5 MHz.
5. Turn the ELT aircraft panel switch to
“ON,” wait for 3 sweeps on the receiver,
which takes about 1 second, and then
turn the switch back to the “ARM” (OFF)
position while paying spe cial attention to
the LED activity upon entering the “ARM”
(OFF) condition.
The microprocessor in the ELT checks
the G-switch (automatic activation switch)
latching cir cuit, pins 5 & 8 on the 12-pin
connector at the ELT; the 406.025 MHz
transmitter for proper RF output; pres ence
of valid navigation data (ELT/NAV In terface and navigation sys tem must be active) and a battery check. If the ELT is
working properly, the sequence following
entry to the “ARMED” (OFF) condition will
result in the panel LED staying ON for
approximately 1 second then extinguishing.
If a problem is detected, the LED provides a coded signal fol lowing the initial 1
second pulse. The coded signal and re lated problem are as follows (the LED will
flash in order of importance with ap prox -i
mately a .5 to 1 second pause between
DOCUMENT #570-5000
each error code if multiple errors are
pres ent):
• a) 1 flash in di cates a G-switch loop
open fail ure.
• b) 3 flashes in di cates a 406.025 MHz
transmitter prob lem (i.e. bad or un con nected coax, an an tenna prob lem, low
power out put or a pro gram ming er ror).
• c) 5 flashes in di cates there is no nav iga tion data pres ent. This is most likely
due to im proper wir ing be tween the
sys tem in ter face con nec tions, im proper
pro gram ming, in valid nav i ga tion data
(nav i ga tion sys tem not pow ered up) or
an ELT/NAV In ter face unit (453-6500)
is not be ing uti lized.
• d) 7 flashes in di cates a bat tery problem (i.e. bat tery us age time over an
hour).
There is a sequence to the problem re porting which is the same order as listed
above. That is, if the G-switch circuit has
a failure, there will be a single flash then
3 flashes would appear if there was a
transmitter problem and so on.
NOTE: For installations us ing the
ELT/NAV Interface, there is an error condition where the LED on the ELT and remote switch will flash rapidly. This oc curs
2 minutes after power is applied to the
ELT/NAV Interface if the ELT is not re sponding because ei ther 1) the ELT is
programmed for a protocol other than 24
bit and the ELT/NAV Interface has been
strapped for a 24 bit address or 2) the
RS-232 TX line from the ELT (pin 12) to
the ELT/NAV Interface (pin 10) is not
connected.
After initial installation, Artex rec ommends a monthly “self test” of the ELT
by following the steps outlined in this
section. Testing of the ELT in excess o f
once a month is not recommended as
12/10/02 PAGE 3-18
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
the battery life will be shortened by ex cessive ac tivations.
3.8. Sealing the ELT Connector
Once all tests have satisfactorily been
completed and all harness con nections
have been verified to be correct, the con nector at the ELT end of the
ELT-to-Remote Cockpit Switch harness
should be sealed to prevent moisture
from getting into the wire entry holes.
This can be done by applying an elec tronic grade, non-corrosive RTV (i.e. GE
RTV 162) around the wires entering the
rear of the 12-pin connector 151-5012 (re fer to Figure 3-11.
Ensure each of the entry holes are filled
with RTV. This will prevent wa ter from
beading up and causing possible bridg ing
between con nector pins which could re sult
in false activation of the ELT.
3.9.
Helicopter In stallations
The primary consideration to remember
is that RTCA 168 (“Minimum Performance
Standards - Emergency Locator Trans mitters”) paragraph 2.3.1 states that the pri mary sensor ( Delta V switch in the case
of the ARTEX ELTs) is intended to respond to crash accelerations parallel to or
coincidental with the longitudinal axis of
the aircraft, moving gen erally in a forward
direction.
There are few guidelines, aside from ex perience, as to the best way to install an
ELT in a helicopter. The manufacturers
have traditionally advised installing the
ELT at a 45 degree an gle relative to the
longitudinal plane of the helicopter. This
DOCUMENT #570-5000
was assumed to be the best mounting
position given the unique flight char ac teristics of helicopters.
Experience has shown, however, that
the mounting angle tends to preload the
G force level on the G-switch. The Delta
V switch is required by TSO C91a to be
far more sensitive and activate at a sig nificantly lower sustained G force than
older TSO C91 ELTs. ARTEX has found
that in many cases the 45 degree mount ing angle can result in false activation of
the ELT depending on the type and se verity of the aircraft maneuvers. The
same can be true of abrupt takeoffs and
landings.
While the C406-2 may be installed in a
he li cop ter Artex highly recom mends use
of the C406-2HM for helicopter instal lations. These ELT’s were especially de signed for rotary aircraft and contain an
additional five G-Switch module in ad di tion
to the primary crash sensor. This feature
allows for six axes of coverage.
ARTEX recommends that when in stall ing
a C406 series ELT whenever pos sible,
the ELT should be mounted parallel with
the floor as shown in Figure 3-13. If
space constraints do not permit mounti n g
the ELT parallel with the floor, the ELT
may be tilted forward as much as 25 degrees. The direction of flight arrow on the
ELT’s product label represents the direc tion in which the primary crash sensor is
oriented.
NOTE: Installation in a pressurized air craft constitutes a major modification, consult the Department of Transportation
Regional Officer before pro ceeding.
12/10/02 PAGE 3-19
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
0 0 TO 25
0
FLIGHT
C
FIGURE 3-13 ELT HELOCOPTER INSTALLATION
06/30/99 PAGE 3-20
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
06/30/99 PAGE 4-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
4.1.
In the United States
WHY? To ensure continued re liability of
your ELT it must be inspected for damage and wear which could be caused by
age, exposed elements, vibrations, etc.
Even the best designed equipment, if not
properly maintained and cared for, will
eventually fail.
HOW OFTEN? At least once every year,
unless required more frequently by FARs
(e.g., 100 hour inspections)
IS IT REQUIRED? FAR Parts 91.207,
91.409 and 43 Appendix D make detailed
ELT inspections mandatory.
HOW DETAILED? FAR 43, Appen dix
D(i) states in part that each person per forming an annual or 100-hour inspection
shall inspect the following com ponents of
(the ELT):
(1) (ELT unit and mount) for improper
installation and insecure mounting.
(2) Wiring and conduits - for improper
routing, insecure mounting, and obvious
defects.
(3) Bonding and shielding - for im proper installation and poor condition.
(4) Antenna, including trailing antenna-for poor condition, insecure mounting, and improper operation.
4.2.
In Canada
WHY? To ensure continued re liability of
your ELT it must be inspected for damage and wear which could be caused by
age, exposed elements, vibration, etc.
Even the best designed equipment, if not
properly maintained and cared for, will
eventually fail.
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
HOW OFTEN? The ELT must be “per formance tested within the 12 month period preceding installation in an aircraft
and within 12 month intervals thereafter...”
IS IT REQUIRED? Yes. For Canadian
installations, all maintenance shall be performed in accordance with CAR’s Part V,
Subpart 71 and Part VI, Subpart 5.
HOW DE TAILED? The same reference
quoted above states five essential tests:
(1) The measured peak power after 3
minutes of operation;
(2) The measured frequency after 3
minutes of operation;
(3) The audio modulation, which shall
be recognizable as a typical ELT sig nal;
(4) The measured current draw in the
“OFF” (ARM) position and in the “ON”
position as specified by the ELT manu facturer; and
(5)
The automatic activation system.
4.3. Periodic Maintenance
Inspection Procedure
To comply with the above quoted FAA
& Canadian DOT regulations, ARTEX Aircraft Supplies provides the following maintenance procedures (see Figure 4-1
“Periodic Maintenance Inspection Check
list”). These procedures include checks
which are mandatory in Canada. FAR
91.207(d) states those inspection checks
required in the United States. In addition
to the maintenance checks described in
this chapter a monthly “self test” of the
ELT is recommended. Please refer to
Section 3, page 3-17 of this manual for
more information.
04/11/01 PAGE 4-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
STEPS 5a THROUGH 5i ARE MANDATORY IN CANADA
STEP 1 -
Remove Coaxial and Wiring Connections and Inspect............
STEP 2 -
Remove ELT and Inspect Mounting Hardware..........................
STEP 3a - Remove ELT Bat tery Pack and Inspect........................................
STEP 3b - Replace/Reinstall Battery Pack........................................................
STEP 4 -
Activate Using “Football Throw” Method: Then Reset...............
STEP 5a -
Activate ELT in Attenuating Container..........................................
STEP 5b -
Measure 121.5 & 243.0 MHz Power Output...............................
STEP 5c -
Measure 121.5 MHz ELT Frequency.............................................
STEP 5d -
Listen to the Audio Mod ulation......................................................
STEP 5e -
Measure 406.025 MHz Power Output............................................
STEP 5f -
Measure 406.025 MHz Frequency.................................................
STEP 5g -
Current Draw Tests..........................................................................
STEP 5h
- Verification of Digital Message........................................................
STEP 5i -
“Reset” ELT.........................................................................................
STEP 6 -
Reinstall ELT......................................................................................
STEP 7 -
Perform Transmitter Tests...............................................................
STEP 8 -
Perform Antenna Tests....................................................................
STEP 9 -
Logbook Entry...................................................................................
NOTE: FAR 91.207(d) requires that the ELT be inspected within 12 calendar months after the last
inspection for 1. Proper installation
2. Battery corrosion
3. Operation of controls and crash sensor
4. The presence of a sufficient signal radiated from its antenna (See 4.3.17
[Step 8] Antenna Test)
FIGURE 4-1 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST
06/30/99 PAGE 4-3
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
Note: the step numbers (i.e. Step 1,
Step 2, etc.) which follow cor respond to
those listed in Figure 4-1.
4.3.1 (Step 1) Remove ELT
Connections
Loosen the thumbscrews on the end
cap. Pull the end cap away from the
ELT. Lift up the Protective Top Cover
and push away from the connector end
of the ELT to remove. Lay Pro tec tive
Top Cover aside. Remove all in ter con nections to the ELT unit and ELT antenna.
Visually inspect and confirm proper seating of all connector pins. Special attention should be given to coaxial cen ter
conductor pins which are prone to re tracting into the connector housing.
4.3.2
(Step 2) Remove ELT
Lift the ELT up from the connector end
(careful use of a flat blade screw driver
as a lever makes this step easier) to remove the ELT unit from its mounting tray.
Inspect the mounting hardware. Ensure
the hardware is free of cracks or other
obvious damage. All required mounting
hardware should be installed and secured
and must meet the integrity re quirements
as defined herein.
CAUTION:
Do not use contact cleaner on ELT
components. Such chemical agents can
be highly destructive to the mounting
hardware and ELT housing, causing
cracking, fracturing and breakage.
4.3.3
(Step 3a) Remove Bat tery Pack
NOTE: The battery pack contains
static sensitive parts, take ESD pre cau-
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
tions before handling. Re move the four
screws from the battery pack. Before proceeding further, read the following advisory to avoid damage to the ELT. For
detailed instructions refer to Section 4.5
and Figure 4-4.
WARNING: The battery pack is connected to the ELT via short interconnect
harnesses which limit the distance of
separation between the two components
prior to disconnecting the harnesses. Proceed as follows:
• Lay the ELT on its side.
• Care fully lift the bat tery pack away from
the ELT and lay along side the ELT
unit.
• Care fully dis con nect the har ness from
the 8-pin con nec tor on the small cir cuit
board in the bat tery pack. Do not short
connector pins.
• Dis con nect 2-pin har ness from the ELT
body.
Inspect the battery pack and the un derside of the ELT. The battery cells, com ponents and connectors should be free of
corrosion. The underside of the ELT
should be corrosion free. Inspect for any
broken wires or connections. Ensure the
battery housing is free of cracks or other
visible damage.
Verify the battery expiration date. If the
battery pack has not expired it may be
reinstalled. How ever, for optimum per formance, it is recommended that the bat tery be replaced if the voltage un der load
is less than 12.0 vdc. The battery pack
must be replaced with a new one:
• Af ter use in an emer gency;
• Af ter an in ad ver tent ac ti va tion of unknown du ra tion;
• When the to tal of all known trans missions ex ceeds one hour;
06/30/99 PAGE 4-4
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
• On or before the battery replace ment
(expiration) date.
4.3.4 (Step 3b) Re place/Re in stall
Battery Pack
To replace/reinstall the battery pack, con nect the 8-pin connector to the header on
the circuit board in the battery pack. Con nect the 2-pin power harness to the ELT.
This step will cause the ELT to activate.
Reset the ELT by toggling the “ON/OFF”
switch on the ELT from “ON” to “OFF”.
Fit the battery pack into place dress ing
wires away from the standoffs to avoid
pinching wires between standoffs and bat tery pack. Install two screws diagonally
from each other to secure bat tery pack
during the tests that follow.
Note: If the check-out is going to con clude with Step 4 below, then reseat the
battery pack on the ELT, dressing the
harness wires away from the standoffs to
avoid pinching the wires between the bat tery pack and the standoffs. Reinstall the
four Phillips head screws and tighten se curely. Do not over torque the screws.
4.3.5
(Step 4) G-Switch Check
NOTE: The ELT cannot be activated
this way unless pins 5 and 8 are
jumpered (this happens automatically
when the unit is locked into the
mounting tray with the connector in
place). Because of the potential phys ical damage which could occur through
an improper jumper, it is recommended
that this step be performed only by an
experienced technician/mechanic. See
“Installation” sec tion of this manual for
pin layout diagram. A test plug may be
obtained from ARTEX (p/n 151-2012) to
use in performing this test.
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
“OFF” (down) position, activate the ELT
by us ing a rapid forward (throwing) mo tion, in the direction of the arrow, fol lowed by a rapid reversing action. Verify
activation via the aural swept tone on the
receiver. Following ac tivation, “RESET”
the unit by toggling the “ON/OFF” switch
to “ON” then back to “OFF”.
4.3.6
(Step 5a) Electrical Check
Activate the ELT. As the unit will be on
for three minutes it is reco mmended that
it be placed in a container capable o f
substantially at tenuating RF signals. Re member that all tests must be per formed
within the first five minutes after the hour
UTC (Universal Coordinated Time). Mon itor the following per formance criteria for
three minutes (power output must be
made at the end of the three minute period).
4.3.7 (Step 5b) 121.5/243 MHz
Power Output
Connect the equipment as shown below:
ELT
BNC (Top)
CONNECTOR
SPECTRUM
ANALYZER
Note: use a fresh battery pack (12.5
volts nominal) or a 4 amp, 12.5 vdc
power supply as power source.
The test equipment specified in the fol lowing steps is only a recommendation.
The use of other manufacturer’s models
of test equipment ca pable of providing
equivalent mea surement re sults is ac ceptable.
Set the Spectrum Analyzer as follows:
• Cen ter Freq: 121.5MHz
While monitoring 121.5 MHz on an AM
receiver, and with the unit switch in the
• Span: 1 MHz
• Res o lu tion Band width: 1 MHz
04/11/01 PAGE 4-5
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
• Vertical Display: 10 dB/Div
4.3.9
tion
• Sweep: Auto
• Peak/Avg: Peak
• Ref er ence Level: 30 dBm
• Time/Div: 20ms
Adjust the reference amplitude to place
the peak of the carrier slightly above the
top graticule line.
Enable the “fine” amplitude adjustment.
Set the carrier peak to exactly the top of
the reference line.
Read the displayed amplitude.
Repeat for the 243.0 MHz harmonic
(Change the “Center Frequency” to 243.0
MHz. All other settings remain the same).
The minimum allowed amplitude on
121.5 MHz and 243.0 MHz is 23 dBm
(200 mW).
4.3.8 (Step 5c) 121.5 MHz Frequency
(Step 5d) Audio Modula-
During the swept tone portions the au dio should “sound” like an ELT. Set the
unit switch to the “OFF” posi tion.
4.3.10 (Step 5e) Measure
406.025 MHz Power
Note: the power output is approximately
37 dBm @ 5 Watts. Ensure adequate attenuation is inserted in-line between the
ELT’s 406.025 MHz output and the input
to the spectrum analyzer to protect the
analyzer’s input circuitry.
Connect the equipment as shown below:
ELT
TPS (Bottom)
Connector
Applicable
Attenuator
SPECTRUM
ANALYZER
Set the Spectrum An alyzer as follows:
The ELT transmitter frequency may be
measured as follows:
• Cen ter Freq: 406.025 MHz
• Span: 1 MHz
• Res o lu tion Band width: 1 MHz
Connect the frequency counter as shown
below:
• Ver ti cal Dis play: 10dB/Div
• Sweep: Auto
• Peak/Avg: Peak
• Ref er ence Level : 30 dBm
ELT
BNC (Top)
CONNCTOR
Frequency
Counter
If the 121.5 MHz carrier frequency is
within specified pa rameters, the 243.0
MHz frequency will also be within spec ified parameters.
The ELT should be within 50 ppm (+/6.075KHz) of 121.500000 MHz.
• Time/Div: 20ms
• Max Hold: On
• At tenu ator (as re quired) on Input
Turn the ELT on and wait approximately 50 seconds for the 406.025 MHz
transmitter to turn on (transmitter sends
out first signal at 50 seconds then every
50 sec onds thereafter). De termine the
power output from the stored waveform.
The 406.025 MHz power output should
04/11/01 PAGE 4-6
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
be 37 dBm +/- 2 dBm (3.16 W min to
7.94 W max).
4.3.11 (Step 5f) Measure the
406.025 MHz Frequency
Ensure that adequate at tenuation rated
for 406.025 MHz, 37 dBm and 5 Watts is
installed be tween the ELT’s 406.025 MHz
output and the input to the frequency
counter to prevent damaging the fre quency counter’s input circuitry.
Set up the equipment as shown below:
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
All “ON” state current measurements
must be made with the RF outputs loaded with 50 ohms rated for 5 Watts
(either a resistive load or equipment with
50 ohm impedance padded with 10 dB/ 5
Watt attenuator, i.e. a spectrum analyzer).
NOTE: The ELT may activate (turn
“ON”) when the various con nections a r e
initially made during the following current
tests. This is normal. Reset the unit to
“OFF” ,if this happens, by toggling the
ON/OFF switch to “ON” and back to
“OFF”.
“ARM” (“OFF”) State Current
Measurement:
ELT
TPS (Bottom)
Connector
Applicable
Attenuator
Frequency
Counter
Verify an initial fre quency of 406.025 MHz
+/- 2 KHz.
NOTE: Allow the unit to run 30 sec onds
before mak ing the measurement to allow
the oscillator to stabilize.
4.3.12
Tests
(Step 5g) Current Draw
CAUTION: The fol lowing tests involve
measurements of the lithium battery pack.
Exercise ex treme caution to avoid causing
a short circuit con dition which will blow
the fuses on the battery pack. It is rec ommended that only an experienced tech nician perform these tests.
A test harness (p/n 611-0024) may be
ordered from ARTEX Aircraft Supplies at
1-800-547-8901.
All tests must be performed in an RF
screen room or with the ELT in a
shield-ed container that will substantially
attenuate the RF signal.
• Re move the bat tery pack as de scribed
in Sec tion 4.3.3
• Dis con nect the 2-pin har ness
• In stall the test har ness 611-0024 and
an in- line am me ter as shown in Fig ure
4-2
• En sure the ELT is “OFF”.
• Mea sure the cur rent with the am me ter.
The mea sured cur rent should be 0
microamps (uA) and not more than 6
uA.
“ON” State Current Mea surement:
NOTE: Current draw dur ing this test
may ex ceed 3.5 Amps during the
406.025 MHz burst. Ensure the ammeter
is set on the appropriate range to accommodate this level of current.
• Ac ti vate the ELT, al low to sta bi lize.
• The mea sured steady state cur rent
should not ex ceed 200 milliamps (mA).
When the 406.025 MHz mod ule is on
(gen er at ing the 406.025 MHz burst)
the cur rent may ex ceed 3.5 Amps.
12/10/02 PAGE 4-7
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
FIGURE 4-2
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
TEST HARNESS CONNECTION
06/30/99 PAGE 4-8
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
• Turn the ELT “OFF”.
• Dis con nect the test har ness 611-0024.
• Re con nect the 2-pin mod ule power harness.
• Re in stall the bat tery pack as de scribed
in Sec tion 4.3.4
4.3.13 (Step 5h) Verification of
Digital Message
Set up the equipment as shown below:
ELT
TPS (Bottom)
Connector
30 dB min.
Attenuator
SARSAT
Beacon
Test Set
NOTE: If checking the latitude/longitude,
ensure that the aircraft’s navigation system and ELT/NAV Interface are con nected
and powered on at least 30 seconds prior
to activation of the ELT.
Activate the ELT and allow the ELT to
transmit 15 to 30 seconds but not more
than 40 seconds. The SARSAT Beacon
Tester will receive the “test message”
transmitted at turn off. If the 406.025
MHz oscillator is not warmed up and sta bilized, a “BAD FRAME” message may
occur, which could be construed a s a
problem when, in fact, the message was
generated because the oscillator had not
warmed up. If a “BAD FRAME” is received, repeat the activation and turn off
procedure again. For all testing of the
406 MHz output, only the “test message”
that is transmitted at turn off is required
to verify the ELT and ELT/NAV Interface
function. The test message con tains all
the information con tained in the actual
distress mes sage except there is a special digital test prefix that tells the
COSPAS/SARSAT satellites to ignore the
message.
Note: The initial display on the SARSAT
Beacon Test Set can flag several prob-
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
lems prior to advancing into the individual
Page displays described later.
a) if a “BAD FRAME” message ap pears
after the 3rd or 4th transmit attempt, the
Beacon Test Set is not receiving trans mit
data. Verify that the SARSAT Beacon
Test Set does not have a low battery.
Check the coax connection between the
ELT’s TPS connector and the SARSAT
Beacon Test Set. Check the internal ELT
coax connection between the TPS con nector and the 406.025 MHz module.
Finally, try a different battery pack.
b) if a “S’ TEST BAD” or “DATA ERROR” message appears, there is a problem with the ELT (i.e. a programming
problem or a problem with the trans mit ter
module) or the battery pack.
c) if there is no 406.025 MHz trans mitter burst present, check the 3.0 Amp
fuse on the circuit board in the battery
pack for an open condition. If the fuse is
good, there is most likely a problem with
the 406.025 MHz module or its in ter connections.
24 Bit Address Protocol (Long Mes sage)
Refer to Figure 4-3A and 4-3B for the
Beacon Test Set display contents of each
specific page described be low.
Page 1 is the main menu screen. Press
“V” for view to see received message or
scroll using “up” and “down” arrow keys
to view other messages. Use “left” and
“right” arrow keys to scroll between
pages.
Page 2 contains the Date and Time
that the message was received. Also in cluded is an in dication of whether the
message was received properly. Verify
that the third or bottom line reads “S’
TEST OK”.
04/11/01 PAGE 4-9
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
NOTE: The example pages shown
represent the long message format with
24 bit protocol. Serialized protocol and
other possible formats are not shown.
PAGE 1 (MENU OPTIONS)
S ARS AT BEACON TESTER
Rec v
Era se
View
Setup
Qu it
Ou tpu t
PAGE 2 (VIEW MODE)
↑
↓ ← → F L Q
Me s g #1
7 :1 0:30
EP
Re ce ive d At
1 3 F EB 199 9
VERIFY MESSAGE
RECEIVED “S’ TEST OK”
S’ TEST OK
PAGE 3 (VIEW MODE)
↑ ↓ ← → F L Q
EP
VERIFY FREQUENCY AND
COUNTRY CODE
Me sg #1
Fre q ue ncy:
406 .025 MHz
P AS S
COUNTRY:
366
US A
PAGE 4 (VIEW MODE)
↑ ↓ ← → F L Q
EP
Me s g #1
96E3 ADA9A5
7FD FFC7883F58 3E0FAA8
VERIFY HEX CODE ID:
2DC75B534AFFBFF
ID:2 DC75B534AFFBFF
PAGE 5 (VIEW MODE)
↑ ↓ ← → F L Q
EP
VERIFY AIRCRAFT
ID ADA9A5
Me s g #1
S TD LOC
ELT + EXT GP S
AIRCRAF T #
ADA9A5
FIGURE 4-3A BEACON TEST SET DISPLAYS
06/30/99 PAGE 4-10
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
PAGE 6 (VIEW MODE)
↑ ↓ ← → F L Q
EP
Mes g #1
S TD LOC
Hom ing: 1 21.5 MHz
BCH: 19A1D7
VERIFY HOMING FREQUENCY
VALID
PAGE 7 (VIEW MODE)
↑ ↓ ← → F L Q
Me sg #1
EP
VERIFY LONG MESSAGE
Othe r info:
Long Mesg.
PAGE 8 (VIEW MODE)
↑ ↓ ← → F L Q
EP
Mes g #1
O the r info:
Lat : 4 5N23 .4
VERIFY LAT ITUDE AND LON GITUDE OF 45DEGREES 23.4 MINUTES NORTH, 122 DEGREES 15.1
MINUTES WEST
Long: 122W15.1
PAGE 9 (MENU OPTIONS)
S ARS AT BEACON TESTER
R ecv
E rase
V iew
Set up
PRESS “Q” TO RETURN TO
MAIN SCREEN PAGE
Q uit
O utput
FIGURE 4-3B BEACON TEST SET DISPLAYS
06/30/99 PAGE 4-11
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
Page 3 is a frequency and country code
page. The frequency must read between
406.030 and 406.020 MHz to pass. The
programmed country code must be the
same country as the aircraft’s home base.
Verify that the second line of the display
reads “PASS”. Verify that the country
code is the same as the aircraft’s home
base.
Page 4 contains the complete mes sage
in Hexadecimal no tation. The third line is
an ID string that is unique to the beacon
being tested. Verify that ID string on the
third line matches the ID printed on the
product label of the 406 ELT. NOTE: For
ELT’s installed with an ELT/NAV Interface
where the Interface is used to encode the
24 bit aircraft ad dress, the ELT will be
automatically re-programmed by the In terface and will need to be re-labeled with
the new 15 digit hex ID string.
Page 5 describes the protocol type, the
type of beacon, and the aircraft ID or unit
serial number. Ver ify that the aircraft ID
matches the 24 bit address of the aircraft
(you will need to convert the aircraft’s Oc tal code to Hex).
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
is displayed on Page 2, verify on Page 3
that the frequency passes and that the
correct country is displayed. Verify that
the 15 digit hex code displayed on the
bottom line of Page 4 matches the 15
digit hex code printed on the ELT prod uct label. If verifying received lat i tude/longitude, check Page 8. All other
information displayed may be disregarded.
Short Message Programmed ELT’s
For ELT’s that have been pro grammed
for a Short Message protocol ver ify that
“S’ TEST OK” is displayed on Page 2,
verify on Page 3 that the frequency
passes and that the correct coun try is
displayed. Ver ify that the 15 digit hex
code displayed on the bottom line of
Page 4 matches the 15 digit hex code
printed on the ELT product label. All
other information dis played may be dis regarded.
NOTE: Contact your local Artex dealer
for availability of Portable SARSAT Bea con Test Sets (ARTEX p/n 453-0131) or
call Artex direct at 1-800-547-8901.
4.3.14
Page 6 contains information on the hom ing transmitter and error checking.
Page 7 contains information confirming
that the long message (position data) is
present.
Page 8 contains the position data as re ceived from the navigation system. Verify
that the position data is present for lat itude and longitude if us ing ELT/NAV In terface.
Page 9 is the main menu screen which
is reached by pressing “Q”.
Serialized Protocol (Long Message)
For ELT’s that are programmed with serialized pro tocol verify that “S’ TEST OK”
(Step 5i) Reset ELT
To “RESET” the ELT, move the switch
to the “ON” position then back to the
“OFF” posi tion.
4.3.15 Step 6 Reinstall ELT
Reinstall the ELT into aircraft as follows:
In sert the ELT into the mounting tray
at an angle so that the locking ears at
the end opposite the direction-of-flight ar row fit into the mounting tray locking
slots. Fit the protective top cover onto
the ELT. Ensure that the slots at the end
of cover fit over the locking ears on the
ELT prior to fitting cover into place at
the con nector end. Feed the two coax
cables through the holes in the end cap
and connect them to their respective con-
04/11/01 PAGE 4-12
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
nections on the ELT. Position the end
cap and connector assembly onto the
ELT and tighten the two thumbscrews se curely. Visually in spect connections en suring that they are seated properly.
4.3.16 (Step 7) Installed Trans mitter Test (Self Test)
Perform the transmitter tests by ac ti vating the ELT and listening on 121.5 MHz.
Be sure to follow the procedures as outlined under “Transmitter Test” in Section
3, page 3-17 of this manual.
• If your ELT front panel in di ca tor light is
wired through ei ther the air craft mas ter
or the avi on ics mas ter switch, make
sure these switches are turned on.
• Tune a re ceiver (usu ally the air craft radio) to 121.5 MHz.
• Turn the ELT air craft panel switch to
“ON”, wait for 3 sweeps on the re ceiver,
which takes about 1 sec ond, and then
turn the switch back to the “ARM”
(OFF) po si tion while pay ing spe cial attention of the LED ac tiv ity upon en ter ing
the “ARM” (OFF) con di tion.
To pass the test, you must hear the 3
sweeps AND see the front panel light im mediately begin to flash continuously.
During the ON to OFF transition, the mi croprocessor in the ELT checks the
“G-Switch” (automatic ac tivation switch)
latching cir cuit, pins 5 & 8 on the 12-pin
connector at the ELT; the 406.025 MHz
transmitter for proper RF output; that position data is present and a battery check.
If the ELT is working properly, the sequence following entry to the “ARMED”
(OFF) condition will result in the panel
LED staying illuminated for approximately
1 second, then extinguishing.
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
If a problem is detected, the LED provides a coded signal following the initial
1 second pulse. The coded signal and
related problem are as follows:
• a) 1 flash in di cates a G-switch loop
open fail ure.
• b) 3 flashes in di cates a 406.025 MHz
trans mit ter prob lem (i.e. bad or un connected coax ca ble, an an tenna problem, low power out put or a pro gram ming er ror).
• c) 5 flashes in di cates there is no nav i ga tion data pres ent. This is most likely
due to im proper wir ing be tween the
sys tem in ter face con nec tions, im proper
pro gram ming, in valid nav i ga tion data or
an ELT/NAV In ter face unit (453-6500)
is not be ing uti lized.
• d) 7 flashes in di cates a bat tery prob lem
(i.e. bat tery us age time over an hour).
There is a sequence assigned to the
problem report which is the same order
as listed above. If the G-switch circuit
has a failure, there will be a single flash.
If there also is a 406.025 MHz trans mitter problem then after the single flash
and a 1 second pause, 3 flashes would
appear.
NOTE: For installations us ing the
ELT/NAV Interface, there is an error condition where the LED on the ELT and remote switch will flash rapidly. This oc curs
2 minutes after power is applied to the
ELT/NAV Interface if the ELT is not re sponding because ei ther 1) the ELT is
programmed for a protocol other than 24
bit and the ELT/NAV Interface has been
strapped for a 24 bit address or 2) the
RS-232 TX line from the ELT (pin 12) to
the ELT/NAV Interface (pin 10) is not
connected.
04/11/01 PAGE 4-13
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
FIGURE 4-4 ELT/BATTERY PACK EXPLODED VIEW
06/30/99 PAGE 4-14
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
4.3.17
(Step 8) Antenna Test
Action Notice A 8150.3 advises that:
“A low quality AM broadcast receiver
should be used to determine if energy is
being transmitted from the antenna.
When the antenna of the radio (tun ing
dial on any setting) is held about 6
inches from the activated ELT antenna,
the ELT aural tone will be heard on the
AM broadcast re ceiver. This is not a
measured check, but it does provide con fidence that the antenna is radiating suf ficient power to aid search and rescue.
The aircraft’s VHF receiver, tuned to
121.5 MHz, may also be used. This re ceiver, however, is more sensitive and
could pick up a weak signal even if the
radiating ELT’s antenna is disconnected.
Thus it does not check the integrity of
the ELT system or provide the same
level of confidence as does an AM radio.”
4.3.18
(Step 9) Logbook Entry
Enter the date the test technician’s initials and whether the ELT passed or
failed into the aircraft’s logbook.
4.4. Summary of Minimum
Requirements
4.4.1 Specifications @ 121.5 MHz
• Fre quency:121.5 MHz
• Fre quency Tol er ance: +/-6.075 KHz
• Modulation: AM
• Power Out put: >/= 23.0 dBm
4.4.2 Specifications @ 243.0 MHz
• Fre quency:243.0 MHz
• Fre quency Tol er ance:+/-12.15 KHz
• Modulation: AM
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
• Power Out put: >/= 23.0 dBm
4.4.3 Specifications @ 406.025
MHz
• Fre quency: 406.025 MHz
• Fre quency Tol er ance: +/- 2 KHz
• Modulation: Bi-phase L
• Power Out put: 37.0 dBm +/- 2dBm
4.4.4 Transmitter Test
Perform the transmitter tests by ac ti vating the ELT and listening on 121.5 MHz.
An amplitude modulation (AM) broadcast
radio re ceiver should be used to de termine if energy is being transmitted from
the antenna (see section 4.3.17).
NOTE: All ELT “ON” tests should be performed within the first five min utes af ter
the hour UTC.
4.5. ELT Battery Pack Replacement
NOTE: The battery pack contains
static sensitive parts, take ESD pre cautions before handling. Re move the four
screws from the battery pack. Before proceeding further, read the following advisory to avoid damage to the ELT. Also
refer to Figure 4-4.
WARNING: The battery pack is connected to the ELT via short interconnect
harnesses which limit the distance of
separation between the two components
prior to disconnecting the harnesses. Proceed as follows:
• Lay the ELT on its side.
• Care fully lift the bat tery pack away from
the ELT and lay along side the ELT
unit.
04/04/02 PAGE 4-15
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
• Care fully dis con nect the har ness from
the 8-pin con nec tor on the small cir cuit
board in the bat tery pack. Do not short
con nec tor pins.
• Dis con nect 2-pin har ness.
Inspect the battery pack and underside
of ELT. Battery cells, components and
connectors should be corrosion free. The
underside of ELT should be corrosion
free. Inspect for any broken wires or connections. En sure the battery housing is
free of cracks or other visible damage.
The battery pack must be replaced with
a new one:
• Af ter use in an emer gency;
• Af ter an in ad ver tent ac ti va tion of unknown duration;
• When the to tal of all known trans missions ex ceeds one hour;
• On or be fore the bat tery re place ment
(expiration) date. Note: The bat tery
pack (452-0133) ex pires 5 years from
the date (month) it is shipped from
Artex.
When installing a new battery pack, remove the paper backing from the rubber
seal at the connector end of the battery
pack. It is recommended that this seal be
coated with a non-petroleum based sil icone grease (i.e. GE G-635) to provide a
moisture re sistant seal once the battery is
installed.
To replace/reinstall the battery pack, con nect the 8-pin connector to the header on
the circuit board in the battery pack.
DOCUMENT # 570-5000
Connect the 2-pin connector to the re cessed connector inside the ELT body.
This step will cause the ELT to activate.
Reset the ELT by toggling the “ON/OFF”
switch on the ELT from “ON” to “OFF”.
Reseat the battery pack on the ELT,
dressing the harness wires away from the
standoffs to avoid pinching the wires be tween the battery pack and the standoffs.
Connect the SARSAT Beacon Test Set,
through a 30 dB (minimum) at tenuator,
to the ELT’s TPS connector. Activate the
ELT and allow the ELT to transmit 3 t o
4 406.025 MHz bursts. Thereupon, ver ify
that there is not a “BAD FRAME” or
NORMAL BAD" message on the Test Set
display which would indicate a problem
with the battery pack (i.e. a bad IC on
the battery cir cuit board).
Install the four Phillips head screws and
tighten securely. Do not over torque the
screws.
Once the ELT has been tested, as ap plicable, and reinstalled in the aircraft a s
described in this chapter, apply the bat tery expiration date label provided with
the battery pack to the exterior of the
ELT (i.e. on the end cap or other vis i ble
location).
Enter pertinent battery replacement in for mation in the aircraft log book and fill
out any other documentation required b y
local au thority.
If you have any questions re garding the
Battery Pack Replacement Procedure,
please contact Artex Aircraft Sup plies a t
1-800-547-8901.
04/11/01 PAGE 4-16
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
SPECIFICATIONS & APPROVALS
06/30/99 PAGE 5-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
ELECTRICAL
CHARACTERISTICS
OPERATING
AMPLITUDE
(A3X)
TRANSMITTER
CYCLE
DUTY
EFFECTIVE RA DIPOWER (PERP)
OCCUPIED
OPERATING
121.5/243.0
FREQUENCIES 121.5 & 243.0
+/-0.005%
MODULATION
PEAK
ATED
DOCUMENT #570-5000
BANDWIDTH
MHz
406.025
MHz
406.025 MHz
+/- 2 KHz (initial)
+/- 5 KHz (5 years)
2 parts/10E9 in 100ms
MOD U LA TION
BI-PHASE
L
(G1D)
CONTINUOUS
440 mSec (+/-1%) or
520 mSec (+/-1%) every
50 seconds (+/- 5%)
Minimum 50mW (17dBm)
PERP for 50 hours at
-20C or 100mW EIRP
(20dBm) for 48 hours at
-20C.
5 Watts (+/- 2dB) PERP
or EIRP for 24 hours at
-20 C
25
TEMPERATURE -20C
AUTOMATIC ACTIVATION
FOR C406 Series ,
MHz,
KHz
TO
Max imum
20
+55C
KHz
-20C
VELOCITY CHANGE
4.5 Ft./SECOND
OF
Maximum
TO
+55C
VELOCITY CHANGE
4.5 Ft./SECOND
OF
AUXILIARY G-SWITCH AC- 5 AUXILIARY G-SWITCHES 5 AUX ILIARY G-SWITCHES
TIVATION FOR C406-2HM, ACTIVATE AT 12 G’s IN ACTIVATE AT12 G’s IN
ADDITION TO THE MAIN ADDITION TO THE MAIN
G-SWITCH ,
G-SWITCH
ENVIRONMENTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
121.5/243.0
MHz
406.025
MHz
TEMP
(STORAGE)
-55°C
TO
+85 °C
-55°C
TO
+85°C
TEMP
(OPERATING)
-20°C
TO
+55 °C
-20°C
TO
+55°C
ALTITUDE
55,000 FEET
55,000
FEET
04/04/02 PAGE 5-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
VIBRATION
10Gs,,
5Hz
TO
SHOCK
500Gs
FOR
4
CRASHWORTHINESS
100Gs
FOR
23
HUMIDITY
95%
PENETRATOR DROP
55LBS
CRUSH
1,000
TEST
TEST
SPURIOUS
EMISSIONS
FOR
PATTERN
IMPEDANCE
SPEED
CABLE
MOUNTING
PROTECTIVE
END
CAP
INCHES
FOR
4
100Gs
FOR
23
FOR
55LBS
47
AS
50
FROM
mSec
mSec
HOURS
6
INCHES
LBS
PER
RTCA/DO-204
406.025
MONOPOLE
2,000Hz
VERTICAL
MHz
MONOPOLE
HEMISPHERICAL
50 OHMS NOMINAL AT
121.5 AND 243.0 MHz
50 OHMS NOM I NAL/VSWR
LESS THAN 1.5:1
110-320: 350 KNOTS TAS 110-320: 350 KNOTS TAS
110-328-01,, 110-333 AND 110-328-01,, 110-333 AND
110-337: MACH 1
110-337: MACH 1
3
TOP
500Gs
MHz
BNC
C406-2
TRAY
TO
1,000
RG-142 WITH
CONNECTORS
UNIT
5Hz
OMNIDIRECTIONAL
WEIGHTS
ELT
6
10Gs,,
95%
LBS
VERTICAL
OPERATING
HOURS
121.5/243.0
TYPE
mSec
AS PER CFR TITLE
(FCC) PART 87
ANTENNA
RADIATION
mSec
50
FROM
2,000Hz
LB
5.8
7.0
OZ.
COVER 6.7
OZ
3.8
OZ.
RG-142 WITH TPS AND
TNC CONNEC TORS
Series
Max.
OZ.,
09/07/00 PAGE 5-3
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
ANTENNA
DOCUMENT #570-5000
PART#
PART#
PART#
PART#
110-320 - 7.5 OZ. MAXIMUM
110-333 - 12.5 OZ. MAXIMUM
110-328-01 - 1 LB. 3.2 OZ. MAXIMUM
110-337
- 1 LB. 5.0 OZ. MAXIMUM,
MEASUREMENTS
C406-2
11.74"
ANTENNA
HEIGHT
16.50" (BASE-TO-TIP HEIGHT)
9.00" (BASE-T0-TIP HEIGHT)
10.10" (BASE-TO-TIP HEIGHT)
7.75" (BASE-TO-TIP HEIGHT)
BATTERY
TIONS
TYPE
OF
SPECIFICA-
CELL
VOLTAGE
AMP
HOUR
RATING
REPLACEMENT BATTERY
PACK NUMBER
x
3.90"
C406-2
LITHIUM
H
ELT
ELT WITH MOUNTING
TRAY,, PROTECTIVE TOP
COVER AND END CAP
INSTALLED
110-320
110-328-01
110-333
110-337
L
Series
3.82"
Series
MANGA NESE
12.0
VOLTS
10.0
AMP/HOURS
PART NUMBER:
PACK
x
W
ELT
DI OXIDE
452-0133
-
406
LITHIUM
BAT TERY
APPROVED BATTERIES AVAILABLE FROM ARTEX OR ANY
DEALER
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES, INC.
14405 KEIL ROAD N.E, AURORA, OREGON 97002
P.O. BOX 1270, CANBY, OREGON 97013
(503)-678-7929, (800)-547-8901, FAX (503)-678-7930
web site: www.artex.net
e-mail: infor@artex.net
10/18/00 PAGE 5-4
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
5.1 C406-2 Series MODEL
DESCRIPTIONS
Note: The C406-2 series ELT’s are di rectly compatible with the ELT/NAV In terface Unit (453-6500)
• C406-2: The C406-2 is a Type AF(Auto matic Fixed) ELT which trans mits on
121.5 , 243.0 and 406.025 MHz. The
ELT is en closed within a multi-piece
hous ing con sist ing of a mount ing tray, a
pro tec tive top cover and an end cap. It
is pro vided as a com plete sys tem which
in cludes an in stal la tion kit, a re mote
cockpit switch, two coax ca bles an au di ble buzzer and a fixed dual in put antenna.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
• C406-2HM: The C406-2HM is a Type
AF (Au to matic Fixed) ELT which trans mits on 121.5 , 243.0 and 406.025
MHz. The ELT was de vel oped for he licop ter in stal la tions and fea tures an addi tional 5 “G” switches al low ing the ELT
to be ac ti vated in any of six axes. The
ELT is en closed within a multi-piece
hous ing con sist ing of a mount ing tray, a
protective top cover and an end cap. It
is pro vided as a com plete sys tem which
in cludes an in stal la tion kit, a re mote
cock pit switch, two coax ca bles, an audi ble buzzer and a fixed dual in put an tenna.
06/30/99 PAGE 5-5
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
5.2 APPROVALS:
C406-2
• FAA TSO C126 (Environmental Categories: C1-BA204XRXXXXXZAZZ204BXXX) TYPE AF
• COSPAS/SARSAT (Cer tif i cate No. 112)
• JTSO-2C126
C406-2HM
• FAA TSO C126 (Environmental Categories: C1-BA204XRXXXXXZAZZ204BXXX) TYPE AF
• COSPAS/SARSAT (Cer tif i cate No. 112)
• JTSO-2C126
10/18/00 PAGE 5-6
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
APPENDIX A
DOCUMENTATION & LICENSE
DATA
06/30/99 PAGE A-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
A.1. Available Doc umentation
A.2. Radio Station License
Data
An available document, which is highly
recommended but not required, is Doc ument No. RTCA/DO-182 entitled “Emer gency Locator Transmitter (ELT) Equipment Installation and Performance” and
may be obtained from:
With a current Private Air craft Ra dio Station License, no further station licensing is
required for the ELT installation.
RTCA Secretariat
1140 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.
Suite 1020
Washington, D.C. 20036-4001
(202) 833-9339
CAUTION:
A Pri vate Aircraft Ra dio Station license
may be obtained by filing FCC form 404.
The ELT may be installed, used and
tested for up to 30 days without a station
license after submittal of the FCC Form
404 and while awaiting receipt of the sta tion license, provided a copy of the sub mitted FCC Form 404 is kept in the
aircraft.
Installation and use in countries other
than the U.S.A. shall be in accordance
with that country’s licensing regulations
and in conjunction with the manual.
Installation in a pressurized aircraft
constitutes a major modification, con sult the Department of Transport Re gional Officer be fore proceeding.
04/11/01 PAGE A-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
APPENDIX B
REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS
06/30/99 PAGE B-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
B.1. REGISTRATION
When a 406.025 MHz ELT is installed in
an aircraft, it is imperative that the air craft
owner register the ELT. In the United
States the National Oce anic and At mospheric Administration (NOAA) is the registration agency. Each 406.025 MHz ELT
contains a unique identification code that
is transmitted to the satellite. This helps
the “Rescue Coordination Cen ter” (RCC)
determine whether an emergency ac tually
has occurred. The unique identification
permits ac cessing a data base. In the
United States the data base contains the
following:
• Owner’s Name
• Address
• Tele phone Num ber
• Air craft Type
• Air craft Reg is tra tion Num ber
This data facilitates inquiries a s to the
whereabouts of the aircraft, the ex istence
of a flight plan and so forth. The above
information should be kept up to date,
with any changes to the data corrected
(i.e. change of address, phone numbers,
etc.).
The following address should be used to
register and obtain information on how to
register 406 MHz ELT’s in the United
States:
DOCUMENT #570-5000
NOAA/NESDIS
SARSAT Operations Di vision
Code E/SP3
Federal Building 4
Washington, DC 20233
Following this page (B-2) you will find a
registration form (570-1023) that can be
used to register your 406 MHz ELT or to
transfer ownership within the United
States.
For Canadian Installations the ELT must
be registered with the Canadian Beacon
Registry of the National Search and Res cue Secretariat
275 Slater Street, 4th floor
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0K2
Telephone: 613-996-1505
or 800-727-9414
Fax: 613-996-3746
WARNING: If the ELT is moved to a
different aircraft than which it was orig inally registered with, the ELT must be
re-registered and the product label
re-marked to indicate the new pro gramming and/or new country of registry.
If the 406.025 MHz ELT is to be used
in a country other than the United States,
the Civil Aviation Authority in the ap pli cable country must be contacted to obtain
the correct registration form.
04/11/01 PAGE B-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
APPENDIX C
SYSTEM COMPONENT PART
NUMBERS
06/30/99 PAGE C-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
C.1. SYSTEM & SUB-COMPONENT PART NUMBERS
The C406-2 series ELT’s are available in four basic versions:
The C406-2 with Rod Antenna
455-5010-[
]
The C406-2 with Blade Antenna
455-5011-[
]
The C406-2HM with Rod Antenna
455-5012-[
]
The C406-2HM with Blade Antenna
455-5013-[
]
The above part numbers are for complete systems which include the ELT; a
mounting tray; a protective top cover; an end cap; a remote switch kit; an antenna; an
installation kit; a 6 foot BNC to BNC coax cable; a 6 foot TNC to TPS coax cable; an
audible alert (buzzer); an Installation & Operation Manual; a warranty card; and an applicable beacon reg istration card.
The bracketed ex tension following the part number is a variable three digit number that
signifies the Country Code. This identifies the county in which the ELT will be reg is tered
and for which the ELT is programmed. The Coun try Code designations are established
by the COSPAS/SARSAT Secretariat. When ordering a C406 system or main assembly, it
is necessary to inform ARTEX of the country of registry and the programming format re quired, so that the ELT can be programmed ac cordingly.
The part numbers for in dividual Line Replaceable components are listed below:
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
PART
NO .
C406-2
Main Assembly, C406-2
453-5000-[
]
C406-2HM
Main Assembly, C406-2HM
453-5001-[
]
Blade Antenna
Antenna, 406 Blade
110-333
Blade Antenna
Antenna, 406 Blade
110-337
Rod Antenna
Antenna, 406 Rod
110-320
Battery Pack
Battery Pack, 406 Lithium
452-0133
End Cap
Cap Assy, Mounting Frame
452-5052
Protective Top
Frame Assy, Protective Top
452-3052
Mounting Tray
Frame Assy, Bottom Mounting
452-5050
Remote Switch
406 Remote Switch Kit
345-6196-04
BNC-BNC Coax Cable
Cable, Coax BNC-BNC 6 Ft
611-6013-04
TNC-TPS Coax Cable
Cable, Coax TNC-TPS 6 Ft
611-6052
Buzzer
Buzzer
130-4004
Installation Kit
Installation Kit, ELT
455-7421
Install Kit
Install Kit, Standard Re mote Switch
455-6196
Manual
Installation and Operation Manual
570-5000
06/30/99 PAGE C-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
APPENDIX D
ELT/NAV INTERFACE OPERATION
06/30/99 PAGE D-1
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
D.1. ELT/NAV Interface Capability
ARTEX has enhanced 406 MHz ELT op eration by giving the C406-2 the capability
of interfacing with an aircraft navigation
system.
The C406-2 has the ability to receive
position data (longitude and latitude) from
the aircraft’s on-board navigation sys tem.
The communication pro cess between the
ELT and the aircraft nav igation system is
made possible by installing an ARTEX
ELT to NAV (ELT/NAV) Interface unit
(453-6500).
The Interface unit also allows the ELT to
be programmed with the aircraft’s 24 bit
address. When used with ELT’s that are
programmed for 24 bit protocol, the Inter face unit is strapped with the 24 bit address or may be connected to a 24 bit
address switch block which is set up to
match the 24 bit address par ity of the
Mode S surveillance and com munications
system switch block. Note: There is no
electronic connection be tween TCAS or
Mode S systems and the ELT/NAV In terface, only the ID number is common.
This feature was implemented in the
ELT/NAV Interface unit with fleet op er a tors
in mind.
ELT’s are programmed with either a se rialized or 24 bit protocol. Both will in terface with the ELT/NAV Interface to
provide po sition data as part of the
406.025 MHz distress message how ever,
only ELT’s programmed with 24 bit protocol may be used with the 24 bit address
function of the ELT/NAV Interface (see
Section 4.3.16).
In the event of a crash, the ELT will
transmit the con verted position information
from the navigation sys tem, such as the
GPS flight management computer, loran,
etc. Geostationary satellites con stantly
DOCUMENT #570-5000
monitor the 406.025 MHz transmissions.
The crash site is instantly known due to
the aircraft’s navigation system position
data communication with the ELT via the
Interface unit. Without the position data
being transmitted, it is necessary for the
polar orbiting satellites to pass overhead,
using Doppler Shift technology to de termine position. In a worst case scenario
this could be a 3 to 4 hour wait for a
polar orbiting satellite to pass over. In addition, the accuracy of the position fix is
much better (i.e. 100 meters versus 1 to
2 kilometers for the standard 406.025
MHz system without interface coupling).
The Interface unit supports either ARINC
429 or RS-232 data bus formats. An ad ditional feature of the Interface unit is the
ability to automatically re program the ELT
with the aircraft’s 24 bit identification (long
message for mat). This facilitates moving
the ELT from one aircraft to another
when performing routine maintenance, etc.
WARNING: the ELT must be
re-registered and the product label re marked to reflect the new programming
and/or country of registry. Con tact
ARTEX for details of marking and re programming.
The Interface unit will automatically re program the ELT (if programmed for 24
bit protocol), overwriting previously stored
data every time the Interface unit de termines from the aircraft’s switch array, encoded with the 24 bit address of the
aircraft, that the ELT has been replaced.
The standard choice of programming
which ARTEX Aircraft Sup plies, Inc. provides is serialized long message pro to colcol. The serialized long message protocol
can be used with or without the ELT/
NAV Interface unit. The ELT/NAV In terface unit is required to interface with the
aircraft navigation system and enables the
ELT to transmit po sition data. The ELT
can be used without the ELT/NAV In terface unit, however, the serialized long
message will not have position data in cluded.
06/30/99 PAGE D-2
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
Fleet operators may request that the
ELT be programmed with 24 bit long
message protocol. The interface with the
aircraft nav igation system which allows the
ELT to transmit position data is un af fected
by this protocol. The 24 bit address is
designed to be used with the ELT/NAV
Interface unit and allows the ELT to in terface with the aircraft nav igation system.
The Interface unit should be strapped for
the 24 bit address (binary “1" to ground)
or connected to a 24 bit address switch
block which is configured to match the 24
bit switch block connected to the air craft’s
Mode S transponder sys tem. The 24 bit
strapping will allow the ELT to automatically program itself to the aircraft’s 24 bit
address. This fea ture will allow the ELT
to be transferred between air craft without
having to reprogram or re-register the
ELT with the Search and Rescue au thority. This makes maintenance of the ELT
a simple matter of replacing the ELT.
The user must specify 24-bit long
message programming when ordering
the ELT.
Figure D-1 depicts the typical instal la tion
configuration of the ELT, ELT/NAV In terface and related interconnections. Fig ure
D-2 shows the wiring interconnection for
the ELT with an ELT/NAV Interface.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
Baud Rate (fixed):9600
Parity: None
Data Bits:8
Stop Bits:1
In ad dition the RS-232 format must have
a Start of Text (STX): an “A” identifier for
latitude; a “B” identifier for longitude and
END of Text (ETX). The format expects
carriage returns but will not operate if
there are line feeds.
The following manufacturer’s nav igation
systems are known to interface with the
ELT/NAV Interface system:
ARNAV SYSTEMS INC.:
• R50, R50i, STAR 5000, FMS 5000,
MFD (Multi-Functional Dis play).
II MOR ROW:
• FLYBUDDY, 2001 NMS
BENDIX-KING:
• KLN 88, KLN 90
TRIMBLE:
D.2. ELT/NAV Interface
Communication Formats
The ELT/NAV Interface unit supports
ARINC 429 and RS-232 data bus formats.
All ARINC 429 Standard and GAMA
(high or low speed) serial bus formats are
supported. Labels 310 (latitude) and 311
(longitude) are required.
The only RS-232 format which is supported is limited to the following con ditions:
• NAV 1000, NAV 2000, TNL 2100, and
TNL3100. The fol low ing Trimble systems all re quire a RS-422 to RS-232
adapter: NAV 3000, TNL 1000, TNL
2000, TNL 2000A, TNL 3000, 2000 AP PROACH, 2000 AP PROACH PLUS,
2101 AP PROACH, 2101 AP PROACH
PLUS, 2101 I/O AP PROACH, 2101 I/O
AP PROACH PLUS.
For other equipment models con tact that
equipment manufacturer to determine if
their equipment sup ports the ARINC 429
or RS-232 format specified above.
06/30/99 PAGE D-3
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
D.3. Installation and Check out Process
All installation pro cesses and interconnec tions to navigation systems should ad here
to the guidelines set forth in the FAA Ad visory Circulars AC43.13-1A, 43.13-2A,
20-130A and 20-138, or later revisions o f
these documents. It is very important that
the the Global Positioning Sys tem/Flight
Management Com puter (GPS/FMC) manufacturer’s installation in structions be con sulted regarding installation de tails that
may be specific to the GPS/FMC. Refer
to the installation instructions specific to
the GPS/FMC that you are connecting the
ARTEX ELT/NAV Interface unit to for spe cific instructions.
NOTE: In order to verify ei ther the 24
bit address (mandatory) or navigation po sition provided by the ELT/NAV Interface
that is being transmitted by the ELT, the
ELT will only need to be active long
enough to perform the “self test” and
should not be active for more than 5 seconds. The 406 MHz output should be
connected to the hand held test set
(Artex P/N 453-0131) via a coax cable
and a 30 dB attenuator. For any 406
MHz transmission after the ELT is active
47.5 seconds or more, the satellite sys tem considers the transmission to be a
valid distress sig nal. The ELT transmits a
test signal at turn off which contains the
same information as the distress mes sage
except that the signal contains a prefix
code that identifies it as a “test mes sage”
that will be ignored by the satellite sys tem should it be detected.
For all testing of the 406 MHz output,
only the “test message” that is trans mit ted
at turn off is required to verify the ELT
and ELT/NAV Interface function.
DOCUMENT #570-5000
Installation and Operation Manual (5704602) for details regarding the installation
of the ELT/NAV Interface unit (453-6500).
It is ex tremely important that the
ELT/NAV Interface installation not be in
conflict with the GPS/FMC manufacturer’s
installation instructions in or der to avoid
an installation that may degrade the
GPS/FMC performance. As a result, the
Post Installation checkout in the GPS/
FMC Installation Manual must be fol lowed
after installing the ELT/NAV Interface box.
NOTE: The updated hex ID must be
verified for ELT’s which are programmed
for the 24 Bit Protocol and are installed
with an ELT/NAV Interface which is
strapped for the aircraft address. The ELT
output must be verified for the correct air craft address and the ELT must be la beled with the new 15 digit hex code ID.
Refer to the ELT/NAV Interface Manual
570-4602 Section 3.7.2. For this test, the
portable SARSAT Beacon Test Set
(Artex P/N 453-0131) must be used. The
406 MHz ELT output (TPS connector in
recessed area on front of ELT) must be
connected di rectly to the hand held tester
via a coax cable and a 30 dB attenuator.
If using the existing antenna coax cable
(TPS to TNC), a TNC to BNC adapter
must be used to connect to the SARSAT
Beacon Tester.
The portable SARSAT Beacon Test Set
(ARTEX P/N 453-0131) must be used to
perform the tests described in Sec tion 4,
paragraph 4.3.13 of this manual
(570-0421). The hex code displayed on
the tester should match the hex code
which is on the ELT’s product label. If re ceived, the latitude and longitude dis played on the tester should match the
latitude and longitude dis played on the
GPS/FMC system. Verification of the lat itude and lon gitude is desirable but is not
required.
Follow the installation in structions provided in the ARTEX ELT/NAV Interface
04/11/01 PAGE D-4
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
In ad dition, the ELT transmitter test described in Section 3, paragraph 3.7 of
this manual (570-5000) must be performed. No error codes should be flagged
by the ELT LED as described in step 5
of this paragraph.
D.4. ELT to NAV Interface
Information
For details on the installation and use of
the ELT/NAV Interface unit, please con tact
ARTEX Aircraft Supplies, Inc., at the fol lowing: Tel: (503) 678-7929, 1-(800)
547-8901 or FAX: (503) 678-7930) to request the brochures and Installation and
Operation Manual (570-4602) for the
ELT/NAV Interface unit.
10/18/00 PAGE D-5
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
TO ELT
ANTENNA'S
ELT
ELT/NAV
INTERFACE
TO COCKPIT
REMOTE
SWITCH &
ARINC 429
TO 24 BIT
SWITCH
BLOCK
/RS-232
FIGURE D-1 ELT/NAV INTERFACE INSTALLATION OVERVIEW
06/30/99 PAGE D-6
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
FIGURE D-2 ELT/NAV INTERFACE TO ELT WIRING DIAGRAM
06/30/99 PAGE D-7
ARTEX AIRCRAFT SUPPLIES
DOCUMENT #570-5000
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
06/30/99 PAGE D-8
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