LM224A, LM324A Low-power quad operational amplifiers Features -

LM224A, LM324A Low-power quad operational amplifiers Features -
LM224A, LM324A
Low-power quad operational amplifiers
Datasheet - production data
Features
• Wide gain bandwidth: 1.3 MHz
• Input common mode voltage range includes
ground
• Large voltage gain: 100 dB
• Very low supply current/amplifier: 375 µA
• Low input bias current: 20 nA
D
SO14
(plastic micropackage)
• Low input offset voltage: 3 mV max.
• Low input offset current: 2 nA
• Wide power supply range:
– Single supply: +3 V to +30 V
– Dual supplies: ±1.5 V to ±15 V
Description
These circuits consist of four independent, high
gain operational amplifiers with frequency
compensation implemented internally. They
operate from a single power supply over a wide
range of voltages.
P
TSSOP14
(thin shrink small outline package)
Operation from split power supplies is also
possible and the low power supply current drain is
independent of the magnitude of the power
supply voltage.
Table 1. Device summary
Order code
LM224ADT
LM224APT
LM324ADT
LM324APT
Temperature range
-40 °C to 105 °C
0 °C to 70 °C
December 2013
This is information on a product in full production.
DocID4797 Rev 6
Package
Packaging
SO14
TSSOP14
SO14
Tape and reel
TSSOP14
1/16
www.st.com
Contents
LM224A, LM324A
Contents
1
Pin connections and schematic diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2
Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3
Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4
Typical single-supply applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5
Package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6
2/16
5.1
SO14 package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.2
TSSOP14 package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
DocID4797 Rev 6
LM224A, LM324A
1
Pin connections and schematic diagram
Pin connections and schematic diagram
Figure 1. Pin connections (top view)
Figure 2. Schematic diagram (1/4 LM124)
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Absolute maximum ratings
2
LM224A, LM324A
Absolute maximum ratings
Table 2. Absolute maximum ratings
Symbol
VCC
Vi
Parameter
LM224A
Supply voltage
Input voltage
-0.3 to VCC + 0.3
Differential input voltage
Ptot
Power dissipation:
D suffix
(1)
Infinite
(3)
50
Operating free-air temperature range
Tstg
Storage temperature range
Tj
-40 to +105
150
Rthja
Thermal resistance junction to ambient(4):
SO14
TSSOP14
103
100
Rthjc
Thermal resistance junction to case:
SO14
TSSOP14
31
32
HBM: human body model(5)
800
(6)
mA
0 to +70
-65 to +150
Maximum junction temperature
ESD
mW
400
Toper
V
32
Output short-circuit duration (2)
Input current
Unit
±16 or 32
Vid
Iin
LM324A
MM: machine model
100
CDM: charged device model
1500
°C
°C/W
V
1. Neither of the input voltages must exceed the magnitude of VCC+ or VCC-.
2. Short-circuits from the output to VCC can cause excessive heating if VCC > 15 V. The maximum output
current is approximately 40 mA independent of the magnitude of VCC. Destructive dissipation can result
from simultaneous short-circuits on all amplifiers.
3. This input current only exists when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the
collector-base junction of the input PNP transistor becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input
diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also NPN parasitic action on the IC chip. This
transistor action can cause the output voltages of the op-amps to go to the VCC voltage level (or to ground
for a large overdrive) for the time during which an input is driven negative.
This is not destructive and normal output will set up again for input voltage higher than -0.3 V.
4. Short-circuits can cause excessive heating. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shortcircuits on all amplifiers. These are typical values given for a single layer board (except for TSSOP which is
a two-layer board).
5. Human body model: 100 pF discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor between two pins of the device, done for
all couples of pin combinations with other pins floating.
6. Machine model: a 200 pF cap is charged to the specified voltage, then discharged directly between two
pins of the device with no external series resistor (internal resistor < 5 Ω), done for all couples of pin
combinations with other pins floating.
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LM224A, LM324A
3
Electrical characteristics
Electrical characteristics
Table 3. VCC+ = +5 V, VCC-= Ground, Vo = 1.4 V, Tamb = +25 °C
(unless otherwise specified)
Symbol
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Vio
Input offset voltage(1):
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
2
3
5
mV
Iio
Input offset current:
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
2
20
40
Iib
Input bias current(2):
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
20
Avd
Large signal voltage gain:
VCC+ = +15 V, RL = 2 kΩ, Vo = 1.4 V to 11.4 V
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
50
25
100
SVR
Supply voltage rejection ratio (Rs ≤ 10 kΩ):
VCC+ = 5 V to 30 V
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
65
65
110
ICC
Parameter
Min.
Supply current, all Amp, no load:
– Tamb = +25° C
VCC = +5V
VCC = +30 V
– Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
VCC = +5 V
VCC = +30 V
dB
0.8
1.5
1.2
3
0
0
CMR
Common mode rejection ratio (Rs ≤10 kΩ):
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
70
60
80
Isource
Output current source (Vid = +1 V):
VCC = +15 V, Vo = +2 V
20
40
Output sink current (Vid = -1 V):
VCC = +15 V, Vo = +2 V
VCC = +15 V, Vo = +0.2 V
10
12
20
50
DocID4797 Rev 6
V/mV
1.2
3
Vicm
Isink
100
200
0.7
1.5
Input common mode voltage range:
VCC = +30 V (3)
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
nA
VCC -1.5
VCC -2
mA
V
dB
70
mA
mA
µA
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Electrical characteristics
LM224A, LM324A
Table 3. VCC+ = +5 V, VCC-= Ground, Vo = 1.4 V, Tamb = +25 °C
(unless otherwise specified) (continued)
Symbol
VOH
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
High level output voltage VCC = +30 V, RL = 2 kΩ
Tamb = +25°C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
26
26
27
VCC = +30 V, RL = 10 kΩ
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
27
27
28
VCC = +5 V, RL = 2 kΩ
Tamb = +25° C
Tmin ≤ Tamb ≤ Tmax
3.5
3
VOL
Low level output voltage (RL = 10kΩ):
Tamb = +25°C
Tmin ≤Tamb ≤Tmax
SR
Slew rate:
VCC = 15 V, Vi = 0.5 to 3 V, RL = 2 kΩ, CL = 100 pF,
unity gain
GBP
Gain bandwidth product:
VCC = 30 V, f =100 kHz, Vin = 10 mV, RL = 2 kΩ,
CL = 100pF
THD
Total harmonic distortion:
f = 1kHz, Av = 20dB, RL = 2kΩ, Vo = 2Vpp, CL =
100pF, VCC = 30V
5
Max.
Unit
V
20
20
mV
V/µs
0.4
MHz
1.3
%
0.015
Equivalent input noise voltage:
f = 1 kHz, Rs = 100 Ω, VCC = 30 V
40
DVio
Input offset voltage drift
7
30
μV/°C
DIio
Input offset current drift
10
200
pA/°C
en
Vo1/Vo2 Channel separation(4) - 1kHz ≤ f ≤ 20 kHZ
nV
-----------Hz
120
dB
1. Vo = 1.4 V, Rs = 0 Ω, 5 V < VCC+ < 30 V, 0 < Vic < VCC+ - 1.5 V
2. The direction of the input current is out of the IC. This current is essentially constant, independent of the
state of the output so there is no load change on the input lines.
3. The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by
more than 0.3 V. The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is VCC+ - 1.5 V, but either or both
inputs can go to +32 V without damage.
4. Due to the proximity of external components, ensure that there is no coupling originating from stray
capacitance between these external parts. Typically, this can be detected at higher frequencies because
this type of capacitance increases.
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LM224A, LM324A
Electrical characteristics
Figure 3. Input bias current vs. temperature
Figure 4. Output current limitation
287387&855(17P$
,% Q$
7(03(5$785( ƒ&
Figure 5. Input voltage range
Figure 6. Supply current vs. supply voltage
Figure 7. Gain bandwidth product vs.
temperature
Figure 8. Common mode rejection ratio
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Electrical characteristics
LM224A, LM324A
Figure 9. Open loop frequency response
Figure 10. Large signal frequency response
Figure 11. Voltage follower pulse response
Figure 12. Output characteristics
(current sinking)
Figure 13. Voltage follower pulse response
(small signal)
Figure 14. Output characteristics
(current sourcing)
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LM224A, LM324A
Electrical characteristics
Figure 15. Input current vs. supply voltage
Figure 16. Large signal voltage gain vs.
temperature
Figure 17. Power supply and common mode
rejection ratio vs. temperature
Figure 18. Voltage gain vs. supply voltage
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Typical single-supply applications
4
LM224A, LM324A
Typical single-supply applications
Figure 19. AC coupled inverting amplifier
Figure 20. High input Z adjustable gain DC
instrumentation amplifier
if R1 = R5 and R3 = R4 = R6 = R7
2R
e0 = 1 + ----------1- (e2 -e1)
R
2
As shown e0 = 101 (e2 - e1).
Figure 21. AC coupled non inverting amplifier
Figure 22. DC summing amplifier
e0 = e1 +e2 -e3 -e4
Where (e1 +e2) ≥ (e3 +e4)
to keep e0 ≥ 0V
Figure 23. Non-inverting DC gain
10/16
Figure 24. Low drift peak detector
DocID4797 Rev 6
LM224A, LM324A
Figure 25. Active bandpass filter
Typical single-supply applications
Figure 26. High input Z, DC differential amplifier
R
R
1
4
For ------- = ------R
R
2
3
(CMRR depends on this resistor ratio match)
Fo = 1kHz
Q = 50
Av = 100 (40dB)
e0
⎛ 1 + R-------4⎞
⎝ R3⎠
(e2 - e1)
As shown e0 = (e2 - e1)
Figure 27. Using symmetrical amplifiers to reduce input current (general concept)
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Package information
5
LM224A, LM324A
Package information
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in different grades of
ECOPACK® packages, depending on their level of environmental compliance. ECOPACK®
specifications, grade definitions and product status are available at: www.st.com.
ECOPACK® is an ST trademark.
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LM224A, LM324A
5.1
Package information
SO14 package information
Figure 28. SO14 package mechanical drawing
*$06&%
Figure 29. SO14 package mechanical data
Dimensions
Ref.
Millimeters
Min.
Typ.
A
a1
Inches
Max.
Min.
Typ.
1.75
0.1
0.2
a2
Max.
0.068
0.003
0.007
1.65
0.064
b
0.35
0.46
0.013
0.018
b1
0.19
0.25
0.007
0.010
C
0.5
0.019
c1
45 ˚
45 ˚
D
8.55
8.75
0.336
0.344
E
5.8
6.2
0.228
0.244
e
1.27
0.050
e3
7.62
0.300
F
3.8
4.0
0.149
0.157
G
4.6
5.3
0.181
0.208
L
0.5
1.27
0.019
0.050
M
0.68
0.026
S
8˚
8˚
DocID4797 Rev 6
13/16
16
Package information
5.2
LM224A, LM324A
TSSOP14 package information
Figure 30. TSSOP14 package mechanical drawing
$
$
$
E
.
H
/
F
(
'
(
3,1,'(17,),&$7,21
*$06&%
Figure 31. TSSOP14 package mechanical data
Dimensions
Ref.
Millimeters
Min.
Typ.
A
Max.
Min.
Typ.
1.2
A1
0.05
A2
0.8
b
Max.
0.047
0.15
0.002
0.004
0.006
1.05
0.031
0.039
0.041
0.19
0.30
0.007
0.012
c
0.09
0.20
0.004
0.0089
D
4.9
5
5.1
0.193
0.197
0.201
E
6.2
6.4
6.6
0.244
0.252
0.260
E1
4.3
4.4
4.48
0.169
0.173
0.176
e
14/16
Inches
1
0.65 BSC
K
0˚
L
0.45
0.60
0.0256 BSC
8˚
0˚
0.75
0.018
DocID4797 Rev 6
8˚
0.024
0.030
LM224A, LM324A
6
Revision history
Revision history
0
Table 4. Document revision history
Date
Revision
Changes
1-Mar-2001
1
1-Feb-2005
2
1-Jun-2005
3
ESD protection inserted in Table 2 on page 4.
25-Sep-2006
4
Editorial update.
22-Aug-2013
5
Removed DIP package and all information pertaining to it
Table 1: Device summary: Removed order codes LM224AN,
LM224AD, LM324AN, and LM324AD; updated packaging.
Table 2: Absolute maximum ratings: removed N suffix power
dissipation data; updated footnotes 5 and 6.
Renamed Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 6, Figure 7, Figure 16,
Figure 17, Figure 18, and Figure 19.
Updated axes titles of Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 7, and Figure 17.
Removed duplicate figures.
Removed Section 5: Macromodels
06-Dec-2013
6
Table 2: Absolute maximum ratings: updated ESD data for HBM and
MM.
First Release
Added explanation of Vid and Vi limits in Table 2 on page 4.
Updated macromodel.
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LM224A, LM324A
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