Buick LESABRE 1997 Owner`s manual

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The 1997 Buick LeSabre Owner’s Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. Tt also explains the “SRS” system.
2-1
Features and Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your Buick.
3- 1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system.
4- 1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
5-1
Problems on the Road
This section tells what to do if you have a problem while driving, suchas a flat tire or overheated engine. etc.
6-1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
7- 1
Maintenance Schedule
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
8- 1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistanceand how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 8-8.
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Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
G[ENERALMOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, B UIC
the BUICK Emblem and the name LESABRE are
registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
1
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” forBuick Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your Buick, so it will be there
if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you sell
the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
Nahonal lnstltute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
?or Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
?rench Language Manual:
Aux propriktaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guideen fraqais chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25660692 C Second Edition
ii
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1996
All Rights Reserved
iii
&tee. its beginnings to 1903. That was the year the
compmy was reorganized, refinzmceda d moved from
Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developed the
iv
William C . (Billy)Durant
Durant also created a racing team that won 500 racing
trophies in 1909 and 1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years before the Indy 500 began.
The success of Buick engines was visible not only on
the race track, but in endurance tests across the country
and around the world. Buick was the only car to
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York race in
1906. And a Buick was the first car to travel across
South America, driven from Buenos Aires,Argentina,
over the Andes to Santiago, Chilein 1914.
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I
Buick drew plenty of attention because it could climb
hills and run through mud like no other car. Buick’s
endurance and reliability were world famous.
During World War I, Buick built Liberty aircraft engines
as well as Red Cross ambulances so successfully that
one Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre
by the French government.
As a builder of premier automobiles, Buick was hard hit
by the Great Depression. However,new General
Manager Harlow H. Curtice created popular new models
including the Special and the Roadmaster. Buick sales
soon flourished.
I911 Model 21 Touring Car- on Buick’s Test Hill
First Buick Factory
V
In World War 11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks
and
other military hardware. This post-war period
brought
great stylingand engineering changeswhich resulted in
increased sales. The torque converter automatic
transmission, Dynaflow, was introduced in the 1948
Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” camealong
in 1949.
A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in 1953.
And Buick’s famous vertical pillar “toothy”
grille
(introduced in1942)became more massive in the
post-war era.
1953 Skylark
1949 Roadmaster
vi
Motor Trend magazine named the1962 Buick Special
“Car of the Year.” The first productionV-6engine was
used in the Special.
I962 Bcrick Special
Ed M u - t z , General Manager-,Brrick Motor Division
Built inside the walls of the old buildings in Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formed the cornerstone of
General Motors, Buick City is a state-of-the-art
assembly facility with more than 200 robots and other
high-tech equipment. It was completed in the fall
of 1985.
Our mission is simple:
Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceed our customers’
expectations, throughout the purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWERFUL.
Buicks are PREMIUM.
vii
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features
and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll
find that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all
that’s in the manual, and the page number where you’ll
find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
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I
These mean thereis something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t do this,” or“Don’t
let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
I
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be
costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals,
you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different
colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
ix
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example.
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you m d
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
e
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
COOLANT
TEMP
e
CAUSTIC
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
-
FUSE
LIGHTER
(0) k3
h
COOLANT
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
,111,
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
FOG LAMPS
.':**o
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
*
**
#0
VENTILATING
FAN
I
HORN
BRAKE
BURNS
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAlTERY
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
'
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
SPEAKER
e,
FUEL
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b
m
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your Buick and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
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1-5
1-10
1-11
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1-18
1-19
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Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’refor Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front PassengerPosition
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
Center PassengerPosition
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Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides forChildren
and Small Adults
Children
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash
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Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them -- and also about reclining seatbacks and
head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
You can lose controlof the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startleand
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjustthe driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
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Pull up on the control bar under the front of the seat to
unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it. Then
release the bar and try to move the seat with your body
to make sure the seat is locked into place.
Power Seat (If Equipped)
Front Control: Raise the front of the seat by pushing
the left side of the switch. Push the right side of the
switch to lower the front of the seat.
Center Control: Move the seat forward or backward by
pushing the control on the front or back. Raise the seat
by pushing the control on the left. Lower the seat by
pushing the control on the right.
Rear Control: Raise the rear of the seat by pushing the
switch on the left. Lower the rear of the seat by pushing
the switch on the right.
The power seat controls are on the armrest.
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Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift the leveron the outer side of
the seat and move the seatback to where you want it.
Release the lever to lock theseatback. Pull up on the
lever and the seat will go to an upright position.
But don’t have
a seatback reclinedif your vehicle is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-4
CAUTION: (Continuea)
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against yourbody. Instead, itwill be in
front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lapbelt can’t do its job either. aIncrash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, notat your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sitwell
back in the seatand wear yoursafety belt properly.
Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or air bag system.
A CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected fromit. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash,
you might
not be if you are buckledup. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properlytoo.
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In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in
a cargo area,
inside or outsideof a vehicle. I n a collision,
people riding in these areas are more
likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any areaof your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is ina seat and usinga
safety belt properly.
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Your vehicle has a light that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety Belt
Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up aperson wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
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Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it's justa seat
on wheels.
Put someone on it.
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Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
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The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield
...
or the instrument panel
...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow downas the vehicle does.
You get more time tostop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take
the forces. That’s why
safety belts make suchgood sense.
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Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is n~uchgreater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehiclehas air bags, why shouldI have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
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If I’m a good driver, andI never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies.If a child will be riding inyour Buick,
see the part of this manual called “Children.” Follow those
rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If
the belt isn’t long enough, see “SafetyBelt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’dbe less llkely
to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries.The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash.
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Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder
belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
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To move it down, squeeze the release handle and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can move
the adjuster up just by pushing up on the bottom of the
release handle. After you move the adjuster to where
you want it, try to move it down without squeezing the
release handle to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is
centered on your shoulder. The belt should be away from
your face and neck, but not fallingoff your shoulder.
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What's wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won't give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-14
@
What’s wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
You can be seriouslyinjured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this.In a crash,
the belt would goup over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-15
e.'
What's wrong with this?
You can be seriously injuredif you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. aIncrash, your
body would movetoo far forward, whichwould
increase the chanceof head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren't as strongas shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-16
Q.’ What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt
is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly,or ask
your dealer tofix it.
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A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-17
..
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone,including pregnant
women. Like alloccupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just pushthe button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
you can damageboth the
way. If you slam the door on it,
belt and yourvehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lapportion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout thepregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,’’
earlier in this section.
When the lap portion of the belt is pulled out all the
way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again.
If your vehicle has a center passenger position,be sure
to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the latch plate will not
go fully into the buckle, see if you are using the buckle
for the center passengerposition.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
This part explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) or air bag system.
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag system:
You can be severely injured orkilled in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt
-- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt duringa
crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things
inside the vehicle o r being ejected fromit. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the
safety
belts. All air bags aredesigned to work with
safety belts, but don’t replace them. Air bags are
designed to work only
in moderate to severe
crashes where the frontof your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflate
at all
in rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal
crashes. Everyonein your vehicle should wear a
safety belt properly -- whether or not there’s an
air bag for that person.
Your Buick has two air bags -- one air bag for the driver
and another air bag for the right front passenger.
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Air bags inflate with
a t force, faster than the
blink of a n eye. If you’re too closeto an inflating
air bag, it could seriously injureyou. Safety belts
help keep you in position beforeand duringa
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even withair
bags. The driver should sitas far back aspossible
while still maintaining controlof the vehicle.
AC
UTION:
An inflating air bag can seriously injure small
children. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children” and the caution label on the
right front passenger’s safety
belt.
1-20
AIR BAG
AIR
BAG
Gage Cluster
Standard Cluster
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
How the Air Bag System Works
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-21
I A CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and anair
bag, the bag may notinflate properly or it might
force the objectinto that person. The pathof an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other
air bag covering.
it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
What makes an air bag inflate?
When shouldan air bag inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is abovethe system’s designed
“threshold level.’’ If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph ( 14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
1-22
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
system triggers a release of gas fromthe inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the
right front passenger.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontalor near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the
instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually.But air bags would
not help you in many types of collisions, including
rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward those air bags. Air
bags should never be regarded as anything more than a
supplement to safety belts, and then onlyin moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history ofasthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get outas soon as it is safe todo so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some componentsof the air bag module in the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag,will
be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag that come
into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to
touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from
vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t
prevent the driver from seeingor from being able to
steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving
the vehicle.
Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. Theservice manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
0
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readiness of the system, when the sensors are
activated and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
1-23
0
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’sair bag, the bag may not
work properly. You may have to replace theair
bag module in the steering wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’sair bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick
Air bags affect how your Buick should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
Buick dealer and the LeSabre Service Manual have
information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag
system. To purchase a service manual, see “Service and
Owner Publications” in the Index.
1-24
For up to 10 minutes after the ignitionkey is
turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service.
You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped withyellow tape
or yellow connectors. They are probably part
of
the air bag system.Be sure tofollow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work foryou is qualified to doso.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has front and rearbench seats, someone
can sit in the center positions.
When you sit in a center seatingposition, you have a lap
safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-25
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat arehurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
To make the belt shorter, pull its freeend as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure therelease button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-26
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions nextto the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see“Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
-1
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose. In a crash, you wouldmove forward
too much, which could increase injury.The
shoulder
belt
should
against yourfit
body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
parts of the
over the shoulder and across the chest. These
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or a crash.
1-29
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for children
who have outgrown
child restraints and for small adults. Wheninstalled on a
shoulder belt, the comfort guide pulls the
belt away
from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger
position in
the rear seat. To provide added safetybelt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints
and for
smaller adults, the comfortguides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
To unlatch the belt, just pushthe button on the buckle.
1-30
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
CI
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
1-31
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elasticcord must be under thebelt and the guide
on top.
1-32
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier inthis section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the belt
edges together so that you can take them outfrom the
Smslaer Children andBabies
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage clip,
and then slide the guideonto the clip. Rotate the guide and
clip inward andin between the seatback and the interior
body, leaving only the loop of elastic cord exposed.
I A CAUTION:
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all childrensmaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every statein the United States andin every
Canadian provincesays children up to some age must be
restrained while ina vehicle.
~
l
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint.The
instructions for the restraint will say whether it is
the righttype and size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, thebelt will likely beover the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, besure that
any child small enough for one is alwaysproperly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
1-33
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly becomea 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The babywould be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the babyin an infant restraint.
~~
Never hold a baby in your armswhile riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much until a
crash. During a crash a baby will become so
heavy you can’t holdit. For example,in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-34
Child Restraints
Be sure the child restraint is designed to be used in a
vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions for the
restraint. You may
find these instructionson the restraintitself or in a
booklet, or both. Theserestraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant orchild
restraint will show you how to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics showthat children are saferif they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never. put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat.Here’s why:
A
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
air
seriously injuredif the right front passenger’s
bag inflates. Thisis because the backof a
rear-facing child restraint would be very
close to
the inflatingair bag. Always securea rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You may, however, securea forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat. Before
you secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always move the
front passenger seatas far backas it will go. Or,
secure the child restraint in the rear seat.
1-35
Top Strap
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injuredby the right front passenger
air bagif it inflates. Never secure a child restraint
in the center front seat.
It’s always betterto
secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
You may,
however, secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but only with
the seat moved all the way back.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly,
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
1-36
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you
can ask your Buick dealer to put it in for you. If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how to do it.
Canadian law requires that child restraints have a top 3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap shoulder
and
strap, and that the strap be anchored.
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint.The child restraint instructions
If your child restraint has a top strap, your dealer can
will show you how.
obtain a kit with anchor hardware and installation
instructions specifically designed for this vehicle.
The
In Canada,
dealer can then install the anchor for you.
this work willbe done foryou free of charge. Or, you
may install the anchor
yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Securing a Child Restraintin a Rear
Outside Seat Position
U
You’ll be using the lap-shoulderbelt. See the earlier part
about the top strap
if the child restraint hasone.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
4. Tilt the latch plate to adjust the
belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes
in front of the child’s face or
neck, putit behind the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
1-37
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-38
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
U
You’ll be using the lap belt.
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injuredby the right front passenger
air bagif it inflates. Never securea child restraint
in the center front seat.
It’s always better to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat. You may,
however, secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but only with
the seat moved all the way back.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through 01- around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-39
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. Tt will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-40
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facingchild restraint. (See
“Seats’’ in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
U
Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag. Never.
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
1
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back of a
rear-facing child restraint would be veryclose to
the inflating air bag. Always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-41
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-42
6. Pull the rest of the lap belt all theway out of the
retractor to set the lock.
Larger Children
7. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
8. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle's safety belts.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulderbelt can provide.
L.
1-43
Accident statisticsshow that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need touse the
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
1-44
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a
crash, thetwo children can be crushed together
and seriously injured.A belt must be used by
only one personat a time.
@
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the childis so small that the shoulder belt
is
very close to thechild’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is
on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash.thechild’s upper body
would have the restraint thatbelts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the
Index. If
the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck,you might
want to place the child in the center seat position,
the one that has only a lapbelt.
A CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that hasa
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part
is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this
way, in
a crash thechild might slide under thebelt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips,just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-45
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten,your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it., take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone elseuse it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.If a belt is
torn or frayed, geta new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, doyou need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need newbelts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage alsomay mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
If an air bag inflates, you‘ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
&
NOTES
1-47
,@% NOTES
1-48
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your Buick, and information on starting, shifting
and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working
properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-a
2-9
2-13
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-19
2-19
2-21
2-22
2-23
2-27
2-28
Keys
Door Locks
Rear Door Security Lock
Remote Keyless Entry System
Trunk
Trunk Lid
Theft
Universal Theft-Deterrent
PASS-Key@I1
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
2-30
2-31
2-31
2-32
2-33
2-33
2-34
2-34
2-41
2-44
2-47
2-51
2-52
2-53
2-54
2-56
2-59
Shifting Outof PARK (P)
Parking Over Things ThatBurn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
Windows
Horn
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Ashtrays and Cigareite-Lghter
. .
Sun Visors
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Clusters
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
2-1
Keys
Leaving young children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons.
A child or others could be badly injuredor
even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't
leave the keys in a vehicle with young children.
2-2
The ignition keys are for the
ignition only.
When a new LeSabre is delivered, the dealer removes
the plugs from the keys, and gives them to the first
owner. However, the ignition key may not have a plug.
If the ignition key doesn’t have a plug, it will have a
bar-coded key tag.
Each plug or tag has a code on it that tells your dealer or
a qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
plugs or the tags in a safe place. If you lose your keys,
you’ll be able to have new ones made easily using these
plugs or the tag. If your ignition keys don’t have plugs
or the tag, go to your Buick dealer forthe correct key
code if you need a new ignition key.
The door keys are for the
doors and all other locks.
NOTICE:
~
~~~
~~
Your Buick has a number of features that can
help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get in. So be sure you
have extra keys.
From the outside, use your door keyor Remote Keyless
Entry transmitter (if equipped). With your door key,
turning the keytoward the rear of the vehicle will lock
the door. Turning the key toward the front of the vehicle
Door Locks
will unlock it.
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doors and fall out. When
a door is
locked, the inside handle
won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop your
vehicle.
This may not beso obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’tlocked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, andyou will be far
better off whenever you drive yourvehicle.
--
--
There are several ways to lockand unlock your vehicle.
2-4
If your vehicle has
a theft-deterrent system and it is activated,
unlock the doorsonly with the key or Remote Keyless
Entry System.This will avoid setting off the alarm.
To lock the door from the
inside, slidethe lock control
on the doordown. To
unlock thedoor, slide the
lock controlup.
Power Door Locks
Memory Door Locks (If Equipped)
With power door locks, you
can lock or unlock all the
doors of your vehicle
using the driver’s or
front passenger’s door
lock switch.
Close your- doors and turn on the ignition. Every time
you move your shift lever out of PARK (P), all of the
doors will lock. And, every time you stop and move
your shift lever into PARK (P), your doors will unlock.
If someone needs to get out while you’re not i n
PARK (P), have that person use the manual or power
lock. When the door is closed again, it will not lock
automatically. Just use the manual or power lock to lock
the door again. If you need to lock your doors before
shifting out of PARK (P),just u e the manual or power
lock button to lock the doors.
The switch on each rear door works only that door’s
lock. It won’t lock (or unlock) all of the doors -- that’s a
safety feature.
2-5
Personal Choice Programming
Use the following procedure to change modes:
If your vehicle is equipped with remote keyless entry,
you can program the memory door locks feature to
change to the following modes:
1. Close all doors and turn the ignition on. Keep all
doors closed throughout this procedure.
Mode
0
1
2
3
Operation
No automatic door lock or unlock.
All doors automatically lock when
shifted out of PARK (P). No automatic
door unlock.
All doors automatically lock when
shifted out of PARK (P). Only the
driver’s door automatically unlocks
when shifted into PARK (P).
All doors automatically lock when
shifted out of PARK (P). All doors
automatically unlock when shifted into
PARK (P).
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 3.
2-6
2. Press and hold the driver’s power door lock switch
through Step 4.
3. Press the LOCK button on the Remote Keyless Entry
transmitter. The automatic door locks will remain in
the current mode.
4. Press the LOCK button on the transmitter again.
Each time the transmitter’s LOCK button is pressed,
the mode will advance by one, going from3 to 0 to
1, etc.
5. Release the power door lock switch. The automatic door
locks will remain in the most recent mode selected.
Delayed Locking (If-Equipped)
To turn the feature on:
This feature letsthe driver delay the actual locking of
the vehicle. When the power door lock switch is pressed
with the key removed from the ignition, and the driver’s
door open, a chimewill sound three times to signal that
delayed locking is active. When all doors have been
closed, the doors will lock automatically after five
seconds. If any door is opened before this, the
five-second timer will reset itself once all the doors
have been closed again.
1. Press and hold the driver’s power door lock switch
throughout this procedure. All the doors will lock.
Pressing the door lock switch twice within two seconds
will override this feature.
Personal Choice Programming
The delayed locking feature can be turned on or off for
each remote transmitter. Vehicles are delivered with each
remote transmitter defaulted with delayed locking off.
2. Press the UNLOCK button on the remote transmitter.
off and all doors will remain locked.
The lock delay is still
3. Press the UNLOCK button on the remote transmitter
again. Lock delay
is now active and all doors will unlock.
4. Release the power door lock switch.
To turn this feature off, repeat the previous procedure.
If your vehicle is not equipped with Remote Keyless
Entry, the delayed locking feature can be turned on or
off by using the following procedure:
1. With the ignition on, press and hold the driver’s
power door lock switch. All doors will lock.
2. Cycle the headlamp switch four times. On the third
cycle, the doors will lock if the feature is now off, or
will unlock if the feature has been turned on.
3. To change modes, cycle the headlamp switch once
more. A locking action will confirm the new mode.
4. Release the power door lock switch.
To turn the feature off, repeat the previous procedure.
2-7
Rear Door Security Lock
Your LeSabre is equipped
with rear door security
locks that help prevent
passengers from opening
the rear doors of your
vehicle from the inside.
‘
I
A
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use. If you want to
open a rear door when the security lock is on:
I . Unlock the door.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear seat won’t be able to
open the rear door from the inside. You should let adults
and older children know how these security locks work,
and how to cancel the locks.
To cancel the rear door lock:
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
from the outside.
To use one of these locks:
1. Open one of the rear doors.
2. Move the lever located on the door edge, all the way
up to the ENGAGED position.
3. Close the door.
4. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
2-8
2. Move the lever all the way down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Lockout Protection
The power door locks will not work if the key is left in
the ignition with the driver’s door open. You can override
this feature by holding the power door lock switch for
more than three seconds, unless the engine is running.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, openyour
door and set the locks fromthe inside. Then get outand
close the door. Or, you may also use the lock button on
the remote keyless entry transmitterafter shutting
the doors.
If your vehicle has a theft-deterrent system, see
“Universal Theft-Deterrent” in the Index.
Remote Keyless Entry System
(If Equipped)
If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk from about 3 feet (1 m)
up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the remote keylessentry
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Your Remote Keyless Entry
System operates ona radio
frequency subject to
Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules
and with Industry and
Science Canada.
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complieswith RSS-210 of Industry and
Science Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
interference, and (2) this device must acceptany
interferenc.e received, including interferencethat may
cause undesired operation of the device.
2-9
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
This system has a range of about 3 feet (1 m) up to
30 feet (9 m). At times you may notice a decrease in
range. This is normal for any remote keyless entry
system. If the transmitter does notwork or if you have
to stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to
work, try this:
0
0
0
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Takea few steps to the leftor right,
hold the transmitter higher, andtry again.
If you’re still having trouble, see your Buick dealer
or a qualified technician for service.
Operation
The driver’s door will unlockwhen UNLOCK is pressed.
If UNLOCK is pressed again within five seconds,all
doors will unlock. Pressing the UNLOCK button will
also illuminate the interior lamps. See “Illuminated
Entry” in the Index.
2-10
All doors will lock when LOCK is pressed.
The trunk will unlock when the opened trunk symbolis
pressed when the ignition OFF’.
is The trunk symbolwill also
work when the ignition is on, but only while in PARK (P).
Instant Alarm
When the button with the horn symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the horn will sound
and the headlamps and taillamps will flash for upto two
minutes. This can be turnedoff‘by pressing the instant
alarm button again or by turning the ignition to ON. If
your vehicle is equipped with the Universal Theft
Deterrent feature, you may alsoturn off the instant alarm
by unlocking the vehicle with a key.
Resynchronization
If only the instant alarm works, the transmitter needs to
be resynchronized to the receiver. Do this by pressing and
holding both the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons for about
eight seconds. You must be within range of the vehicle.
Once the transmitter has been resynchronized, the horn
will chirp and the exterior lamps will flash once. The
system should now operate properly.
Security Feedback
This feature provides feedback to the driver when the
vehicle receives a command fromthe key transmitter.
One of the following modes may be selected for
each transmitter:
Mode
0
1
2
3
4
5
Security Feedback
No feedback when locking or
unlocking vehicle.
No feedback when locking; exterior
lamps flash when unlocking vehicle.
Exterior lamps flash when locking; no
feedback when unlocking vehicle.
Exterior lamps flash when lockingand
unlocking vehicle.
Exterior lamps flashand horn chirps
when locking; no feedback when
unlocking vehicle.
Exterior lamps flash and horn chirps
when locking; exterior lamps flash
when unlocking vehicle.
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode 5. To
change to another mode:
1. Press and hold the driver’s power door lock switch.
2. Press the opened trunk button on the transmitter. The
transmitter will remain in its current mode.
3. Press the opened trunk button again. Each time the
opened trunk button is pressed, the transmitter will
advance to the next mode.
4. Release the power door lock switch.
Personal Choice Features
The following list of features that are available onyour
LeSabre can be programmed to the driver’s preference
for each of the key transmitters.
0
Memory Door Locks: This feature programs your
door locks to automatically lock or unlock when
shifting in and out of PARK (P).
0
Security Feedback: This feature provides feedback
to the driver when the vehicle receives a command
from the key transmitter.
Feedback will be provided according to the mode. that
has been selected.
2-11
0
0
Delayed Locking: This feature lets the driver delay
the actual locking of the vehicle. When all doors
have been closed, the doors will lock automatically
after five seconds.
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
Perimeter Lighting: When the UNLOCK button on
the key transmitter is pressed, the headlamps,
parking lamps, back-up lampsand cornering lamps
will turn on.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Battery Replacement
For more detailed information and programming
instructions, refer to the Index for each individual
feature listed above.
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter fromunlocking your vehicle.
a
can be
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, replacement
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
2-12
For battery replacement, use one Duracell@battery, type
DL-2032, or a similar type.
To replace the battery:
Trunk
1. Insert a coin into the notch near the keyring. Turn the
coin counterclockwise to separate the twohalves of
the transmitter.
Trunk Lock Release
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil to
remove the old battery. Do not use a metal object.
3. Remove and replace the battery. Replace it as the
instructions inside the cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Resynchronize the transmitter by pressing and
holding the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons for about
eight seconds. You must be within range of the
vehicle. When the transmitter has been
resynchronized, the horn will chirp and the exterior
lamps will flash once.
I NOTICE:
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the door key
and turn it.
Remote Trunk Release
--
The TRUNK releasebutton
is on the instrument panel
to the left of the steering
column. The transaxle
must be in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). If the
remote trunk release button
does not open the trunk,
make sure the remote trunk
release lockout switch
in the glove box is in
the on position.
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry.Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
2-13
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
The trunk release lockout
switch in the glove box
must be on for the TRUNK
button to work. This feature
allows you to secure items
in the trunk when you must
leave the ignition key with
an attendant.
To secure the trunk, turn off the TRUNK RELEASE,
lock the glove box, then take the door key with you.
Now the trunk button to the left of the steering column
will not open the trunk.
Trunk Security Override
The Remote Keyless Entry transmitter (if equipped),
will open the trunk even if the trunk release lockout
switch is in the off position.
2-14
Trunk Lid
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk
lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness andeven death.
If you must drive with the trunk
lid open orif
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
Make sure all windows are shut.
Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outside air into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls’’ in
the Index.
If you have air outlets onor under the
instrument panel, open themall the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your Buick has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However,there are ways you
can help.
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
or glove box.
Key in the Ignition
Lock the glove box.
If you leave your vehicle with
the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joyriders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
With the ignition off and the driver’s door open, you’ll
hear a chime reminding you to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. Always dothis. Your
steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition
and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
Turn off the TRUNK RELEASE lockout in the
glove box.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, closeall windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, ortake them with you.
2-15
Universal Theft-Deterrent
(If Equipped)
SECURITY
If your Buick has this
option, it has a
theft-deterrent alarm
system. With this system,
the SECURITY light will
flash as you open the door
(if your ignition is off).
This light reminds you to activate the theft-deterrent
system when leaving your vehicle.
Activating the system:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch while
the door is open, or with the RemoteKeyless Entry
transmitter. The SECURITY light should turn on and
stay on.
3. Close all doors. The SECURITY light should go off
after about 30 seconds. The alarm is not armed until
the SECURITY light goes off.
2-16
If a door or the trunk is opened without the key or Remote
Keyless Entry transmitter, the alarm willgo off. It will also
go off if the trunk lock is damaged. Your vehicle’s lamps
for three minutes, and
will flash and the horn will sound
then will go off in order to save battery power.
Remember, the theft-deten-ent system won’t activateif you
lock the doors with a keyor manual door lock. It activates
only if you use a power door lock switch witha door
open, or the Remote Keyless Entry transmitter.You should
also remember that you can start your vehicle with the
correct ignition keyif the alarm has been setoff. You must
still shut off the alarm by inserting the keyin the door
lock, or by pressing theUNLOCK button on the Remote
Keyless Entry transmitter.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, lock the door by using the door key or the
manual door lock switch.
0 Always unlock a door with a key, or use the Remote
Keyless Entry System transmitter. Unlocking a door
any other way will set offthe alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with your key.
You can also turn off the alarm by using the Remote
Keyless Entry transmitter, if you have it. The alarm
won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any other way.
Testing the Alarm
PASS-Key@I1
The alarm can be tested
by first havingthe driver’s
window down. Activate the systemby locking the doors
with the power door lock switch while the door is open,
or with the Remote Keyless Entry
transmitter. Get out of
the vehicle, close the door and wait for the SECURITY
light togo out. Then reachin.through thewindow,
unlock the door with the manual door lock and open the
door. This should setoff the alarm.
If the alarm does not sound
when it should, check‘to see
if the horn works. The horn fuse may
be blown. To
replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in
the Index.
To reduce the possibilityof theft, always activate the
theft-deterrent systemwhen leaving your vehicle.
Your vehicle is equipped
with thePASS-Key II
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key I1 is apassive
theft-deterrent system.
It workswhen you insert
or remove thekey from
the ignition.
PASS-Key I1 uses a resistor pellet
in the ignition key
that matches a decoder in your
vehicle.
When thePASS-Key 11system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down thevehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. For about
three minutes, the starter
won’t work and fuel won’t go
to the engine. If someone
tries to start your vehicle again uses
or another key
during this time, the vehicle
will not start. This
discourages someone from randomlytrying different
keys with different resistor pellets
in an attempt to make
a match.
2-17
The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s
inserted in the ignition or the enginemay not start. If the
engine doesnot start and the SECURITY light turns on,
the key may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about three minutes and try
again. Tf the starter still won’t work, and the key appears
to be clean and dry, wait about three minutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your
vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does start,the first
ignition key may be faulty. See your Buick dealer or a
locksmith who can service the PASS-Key 11.
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work, and the
SECURITY light will flash. But you don’t have to wait
three minutes before trying another ignition key.
2-18
See your Buick dealer ora locksmith who can service
the PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made.
If you’re everdriving and the SECURITY light turns on
and stays on, you will be able torestart your engine if
you turn it off. Your PASS-Key TI system, however, is
not working properly and must be serviced by your
Buick dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key I1 system.
If you lose or damage aPASS-Key I1 ignition key, see
your Ehick dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key IT to have a new key made.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you can turn
the switch to five different positions.
NOTICE:
Your modern Buick doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during break-in. See
“Towing a Trailer’’ in the Index for
more information.
--
Ignition Positions
C
--
ACCESSORY (A): The accessory position lets you use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. To use, push in the key and turn it toward
you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, just as it
was before you inserted the key.
2-19
LOCK (B): This is the only position in which you can
remove the key. This position locks your ignition, steering
wheel and transaxle. It’sa theft-deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like LOCK and it doesn’t send any electrical
power to the accessories. Use OFF if you must have
your vehicle in motion while the engine is not running.
RUN (D): The switch returns to this position after you
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuckin LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and rightwhile you turn the
key hard. But turn thekey only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the
key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
start your engine and release the key. This is the position
for normal driving. Even when the engine is not
running, you can use RUN to operate your electrical
power accessories and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
Key Reminder Warning
START (E): This position starts your engine. When the
engine starts, release the key and the switch will move
to theRUN position.
If you leave your key in the ignition, in the OFF position,
you will hear a warning chme when you open the
driver’s door.
2-20
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (Nj.
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
1 NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your Buick
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your batteryto be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter motor.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START for about three to five seconds at a time until
your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try to help avoid draining your battery.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keep the pedal down for five or six seconds.
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
After waiting about 15 seconds, repeat the normal
starting procedure.
2-21
NOTICE:
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with yourdealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual thattells how to do it
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
In very cold weather, 0°F (- 18”C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
2-22
To Use the Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
I
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use
a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and store
the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving
engine parts. If you don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer dependson the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your Buick dealer in the area where you’ll be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give
you the best advice for
that particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Your automatic transaxle has a shift lever located on the
steering column.
2-23
PARK (P): This locks your front wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
It is dangerous to get outof your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully inPARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine
is
running unlessyou have to. If you have left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured.To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’reon fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the Index. If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
2-24
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) range before
starting the engine. Your Buick has a Brake-Transaxle
Shift Interlock (BTSI). You have to fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
when the ignition key is in the RUN position. If you
cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift
lever and push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P)
as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gear you wish. See “Shifting Out of
PARK (P)” in this part.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after yourvehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see “Stuck
in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
-
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@):This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
0
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
u 1IC‘i:
-
Shifting outof PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is dangerous. Unless your footis firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people
o r objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engineis racing.
Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@).
Here are some timesyou might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@):
0
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
NOTICE:
0
When going down a steep hill.
Damage to your transaxle causedby shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N) with the engine
racing isn’t coveredby your warranty.
2-25
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than5 miles
(8 km), or atspeeds over 55 mph (88 k d h ) , o ryou
can damage your transaxle.Use AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (@)or THIRD (3) as much
as possible.
Don’t shift into SECOND(2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage yourengine.
2-26
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If
the selector lever is put in FIRST ( l ) , the transaxle
won’t shift into first gear until the vehicle is going
slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t to
try
drive. This might happen
if you were stuckin
very deep sand or mud or were up against
a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
(P)
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into PARK
to hold yourvehicle in position on a hill.
Pa
1 .
This vehicle has a PUSH
TO RELEASE parking
brake pedal. To set the
parking brake, hold the
regular brake pedal down
with your right foot. Push
down the parking brake
pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
turn on and a single chimewill be heard. The parking
brake uses the brakes on the rear wheels.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down and push the parking brake pedal with your
left foot. Thiswill unlock the pedal. When you lift your
left foot, the park brake pedal will follow it to the
released position.
If you try to drive approximately 40 feet (12.2 m) with
the parking brake on, the brake light stays on and a
chime sounds until you release the parking brake.
I NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on cancause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
/h CAU
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
ION:
It can be dangerous to get of
outyour vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly.You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairlylevel ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2-28
Pull the lever toward you.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
It can be dangerous to leave
your vehicle with
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
the engine running. Yourvehicle could move
suddenly if the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmlyset. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running,it could
You or otherscould
overheat and even catch fire.
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unlessyou have to.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehiclewith the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicleis in PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehiclewith the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see
if you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P)
without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-29
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
Your Buick has a Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock
(BTSI). You have to fully apply your regular brake
hefor-c you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition
is in the RUN position. See “Automatic Transaxle” in
the Index.
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) befor-e you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
I . Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-30
Parking Over Things That Burn
Things mat can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under yourvehicle and ignite.Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine Exhaust
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains thegas
carbon monoxide(CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
0 Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
0 Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
0 Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on theroad or over road debris.
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaustis coming into
your vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out anyCO; and
0 Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-31
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the enginerunning. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control system
off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can
let deadly
carbon monoxide(CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come ineasily. NEVER park ina
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place canbe a blizzard.
(See ‘(Blizzard” in the Index.)
--
L
2-32
--
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave yourvehicle when the engineis
running unlessyou have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or others couldbe injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on
fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Windows
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
The switch for the driver’s window has an express-down
feature. Pull the switch back all the way, release it and the
window will lower automatically. To stop the window
from lowering, pull the switch again. To partially open
the window, pull the switch back and quickly release it.
To raise the window, hold the switch forward.
Window Lock
Press the LOCK switch on the driver’s armrest to
disable all passenger window switches. The driver’s
window controls will still be operable. This is a useful
feature when you have children as passengers.
Press the UNLOCK switch to allow passengers to use
their window switches again.
Horn
Switches on the driver’s armrest control eachof the
windows while the ignition is on. In addition, each
passenger door has a switch for its own window.
Nearly the entire surfaceof the center pad of the
steering wheel is an active horn switch. Press anywhere
on the pad to sound the horn.
Tilt Whc,,
Turn SgnaUMultifunction Lever
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes your:
You can also raise it to the highest level togive your
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer and
Passing Signal
0
Windshield Wipers
0
Windshield Washer
0
Cruise Control (if equipped)
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever toward you. Move the steering wheel to a
comfortable level, then release the lever to lock the
wheel in place.
2-34
Tur-nand Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
If the arrows just stay on and don’t flash as you signal a
turn or a lane change, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other drivers won’tsee your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
When the turnis finished, the lever will return automatically. Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
An arrow on the instrument
Turn Signal On Chime
panel will flash in the
If your turn signal is left on formore than 3/4 of a mile
direction of the turn or
(1.2 km), a chimewill sound at each flash of the turn
lane change.
signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn sjgnal lever
to the off position.
To signal a lane change,just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
2-35
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
Windshield Wipers
To change the headlamps
from low beam to high
beam or high beam to low
beam, pull the turn signal
lever toward you and
release it. When the high
beams are on, this light on
the instrument panel will
also be on.
The windshield wipers are controlled by turning the
band marked WIPER.
2-36
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band
to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let
go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle.If you want more cycles, hold the
band on MISTlonger.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the LO position. For high-speed wiping,
turn the band further, toHI. To stop the wipers, move
the band toOFF.
The wiper speedmay be set for a longor short delay
between wipes. This canbe very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay
time. The
closer toLO, the shorterthe delay.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper
motor. A
circuit breakerwill stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or iceto prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
At the topof the turn signal/multifunction lever, there’s
a paddlewith the word PUSH onit. To spray washer
fluid on the windshield, push the paddle for less than a
second. The wipers will clear the window and either
stop or return to your presetspeed. For more washer
cycles, push and hold the
paddle.
on’t use your washeruntil
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
Keep in mind that damaged wiper blades
may prevent
you from seeing well enough to drivesafely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and
snow from thewiper
blades before using them.If your bladesdo become
damaged, getnew blades or blade inserts.
2-37
1
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
With cruise control, you can
maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more
without keepingyour foot
on the accelerator. This can
really help on longtrips.
Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
2-38
I
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
can’t drive safelyat a steady speed.So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, andyou could lose control.Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle isin cruise controlwhen the optional
traction controlsystem begins to limit wheel spin,
the cruise controlwill automatically disengage. (See
“Traction Control System”in the Index.) When road
conditions allowyou to safely useit again, you may turn
the cruise controlback on.
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting Cruise Control
Suppose you set your cruise controlat a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This,of course, shutsoff
the cruise control. But
you don’t needto reset it.
I
If you leave your cruise control
switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hita button
and go into cruisewhen you don’twant to. You
could bestartled and even losecontrol. Keep
the cruise controlswitch OFF until you want
to use it.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switchfrom ON to
WA (resume/accelerate)
for abouthalf a second.
1. Move the cruise control switchto ON.
2. Get up to the speedyou want.
3. Push in theSET button
at the endof the lever
and release it.
4. Take your footoff the
accelerator pedal.
You’ll go right back up toyour chosen speedand stay
there. Rememberthat if you hold the switchat R/A
longer thanhalf a second, thevehicle will keep going
faster untilyou release the switch or apply
the brake.
So unless you want to go faster,don’t hold the switch
at WA.
2-39
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push the button at the end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
e Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch. (To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch to R/A for
less than half a second and then release it. Each
time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.)
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set
the cruise control speed by pushing the SET button.
2-40
Push in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the SET
button for less than half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control onHills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Applying the brake or shifting
into a lowergear will take you out of cruise control.If
you need to apply the brake or shift to a lower gear due
to the grade of the downhill slope, you may not want to
attempt touse your cruise control feature.
Exterior Lamps
Headlamps
These switches control
these systems:
Headlamps
0
Parking Lamps
0
License Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Ending Cruise Control
There are twoways to turn off the cruise control:
Taillamps
0
Instrument Panel Lights
Step lightly on the brake pedal; or
Move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Press the LIGHTS switch to turn on the headlamps.
Press it again to turn them off. When the headlamps are
turned on, the instrument panel lights will also turn on.
The brightness of the instrument panel lights can be
adjusted with the PANEL LIGHTS switch to the left of
the steering column. Some lights will not dim during
daylight hours.
Press the PARK switch to turn on the parking lamps.
Press it again to turn them off. (If the parking lamps
were turned on with the PARK switch, they must be
turned off with that switch).
2-41
Lamps On Reminder
If you leave the manual headlamp or parking lamp
switch on, remove the key from the ignition and open
the driver’s door, you will hear a continuous warning
chime. The chime will turn off when the lamps are
turned off.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel monitors
the exterior light level for the operation of DRL and
twilight sentinel, so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps
turn on at reduced brightness in daylight when:
The ignition is on,
The headlamp switch is off and
The transaxle is not in PARK (P).
2-42
When thc DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps
will be on. The parking lamps, taillamps, sidemarker
and other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel
lights won’t be on either.
When it is dark enough outside, your low-beam
headlamps will come on. The other lamps that turn on
with your headlamps will also turn on. When it is bright
enough outside, the regular lamps will go off, and your
high-beam headlamps change to the reduced brightness
of DRL.
To turn off all exterior lighting at night when you are
parked, turn o f f the headlamps and move the twilight
sentinel control all the way toward MIN. The exterior
lamps will turn back on automatically when you move
the transaxle out of PARK (P).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps are designed to turn on when you
signal a turn. This will provide more lighting when
cornering a t night.
Twi 2ht Ser
Twilight sentinel turns your
lamps on and off by sensing
how dark it is outside.
To operate it, leave the lamp switch off.
If you move the control all the way to MAX, your lamps
will remain on for three minutes after you turn off your
engine. As you move the control toward MIN, the lamps
will turn off more quickly when you turn off your
engine. You can change this delay time from only a
few seconds to three minutes.
The exterior lamps can be completely shut off while the
vehicle is in PARK (P) by sliding the twilight sentinel
control all the way toward MIN, and release. To turn the
exterior lamps back on, slide the control all the way
toward MIN again, and release; or, shift out of PARK.
Your twilight sentinel and
daytime running lamps
work with the light sensor
on top of the instrument
panel. Don’t cover it up. If
you do, the sensor will read
“dark” and the headlamps
will turn on.
2-43
Interior Lamps
Courtesy Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity/Brightness
Control
When any door is opened, several lamps go on. They
make it easy for you to enter and leave the vehicle. You
can also turn these lamps on by sliding the PANEL
LIGHTS switch to INT (Interior).
1
The instrument panel
intensity can be adjusted by
moving this lever between
LO and HI. The instrument
panel lights will be on only
when the headlamps are on.
The interior courtesy lamps
can be turned on by sliding
the lever all the way to
the right.
Time Out Feature(If Equipped)
On vehicles equipped with the Remote Keyless Entry
system, the interior lamps will automatically shut off
after a 10 minute period if a door is left ajar or if the
interior courtesy lamp switch has been left in the INT
(on) position. This feature is designed to help eliminate
battery wear down.
2-44
Delayed Entry Lighting
When you open the door, the interior lamps will turn on.
When you close the door with the ignition off', the
interior lamps will stay on for 25 seconds or until the
ignition is turned to an on position. Note that locking the
doors will override the delayed entry lighting feature
and the lamps will turn off right away.
Theater Dimming
This feature allows for a three to five-second fade out of
the courtesy lamps instead of immediate turn off.
Delayed Exit Lighting
With this feature, the interior lamps will turn on and stay
on for up to 25 seconds after you remove the key from
the ignition. This will give you time to find the door pull
handle or lock switches.
Illuminated Entry (If Equipped)
Press the UNLOCK button on the Remote Keyless Entry
transmitter (if equipped) and the interior courtesy lamps
will turn on and stay on for up to a minute. The lamps
will turn off immediately by pressing the LOCK button
on the key transmitter, starting the engine or activating
the power door locks.
Perimeter Lighting (If Equipped)
When the UNLOCK button on the key transmitter is
pressed, the headlamps, parking lamps, back-up lamps
and cornering lamps will turn on if it is dark enough
outside according to the twilight sentinel.
If your vehicle is not equipped with twilight sentinel and
perimeter lighting isactive, the lights willturn on whenever
the UNLOCK button on the transmitter is pressed.
Personal Choice Programming
This feature canbe programmed in the on or off mode
for each transmitter.
2. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter. Perimeter
lighting remains on at this time and the horn will
chirp two times.
3. Press the instant alarm on the key transmitter again.
Perimeter lighting is disabled and the horn will chirp
one time.
4. Release the door lock switch. The perimeter lighting
feature is now off.
To turn the feature on:
1. Press and hold the door lock switch throughout this
procedure. All doors will lock.
2. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter again.
Perimeter lighting is now enabled and the horn will
chirp one time.
3. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter again.
Perimeter lighting is now enabled and the horn will
chirp two times.
4. Release the door lock switch. The perimeter lighting
feature is now on.
To turn the feature off:
1. Press and hold the door lock switch throughout this
procedure. All the doors will lock.
2-45
Front Reading Lamps (If Equipped)
Rear Reading Lamps(If Equipped)
Front seat reading lamps areturned on or off by pressing
the LAMP switch.
The lamp, switch and a coat hanger are above each rear
door. Slide the switchto turn the lampon or off.
2-46
Battery Rundown Protection
Mirrors
This feature turns off the courtesy, reading, trunk, glove
box and visor vanity mirror lamps, if any are left on for
more than 10 minutes when the ignition is OFF. This
will keep your battery from running down.
Day/Night Manual Rearview Mirror
This feature also shuts off the exterior lamps if they are
left on for more than 10 minutes when the ignition is
OFF. You may override this feature for the exterior
lamps by turning the lamps off and then back on after
the ignition is turned to OFF. If you do this, the exterior
lamps will stay on until you manually turn them off.
If the feature is enabled for the interior and exterior
lamps, all lamps should turn off at approximately the
same time.
When you are sitting in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind your
vehicle. The day-night adjustment on the bottom of the
mirror allows you to acljust the mirror to avoid glare
from the headlamps behind you.
2-47
Day/Night Manual Rearview Mirror
With Integral Reading Lamps
(If Equipped)
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
(If Equipped)
Your Buick may have an automatic electrochromic
day/night rearviewmirror.
When you are sitting in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirrorso you can see clearly behind your
the
vehicle. The day-night adjustment allows you to adjust
mirror to avoid glare from the headlamps behind you.
The integral reading lampsare turned on or off by
pressing the toggle switch at the bottom
of the mirror.
These lampsare also partof the courtesy lamps
described earlierin this section.
2-48
This mirror automatically changes to reduce glare from
headlamps behindyou. A photocell on the backof the
mirror senses when it is becoming dark
outside. Another
photocell built into the mirror surface senses
when
headlamps are behind you.
At night, when the glare is too high, the mirror will
gradually darken to reduce glare (this changemay take a
seconds).
few The
mirror will return to its clear
daytime
sidereduced. is state
glare
when the
Manual Remote Control Mirror
To adjust the driver’s
mirror, rotate
the knob located on the
driver’s door. The right
outside mirror must be
adjusted manually.
Press the button at the base of the mirror to turn on the
automatic feature. Thebutton has an indicator light to
show it is on. Press the button again to turn the
automatic feature off.
Time Delay
The automatic mirrorhas a time delay feature which
prevents unnecessary switching from the night to the
day position. This delay prevents rapid changing of the
mirror as you drive under lights and through traffic.
Reverse Gear Day Mode
The reverse day mode is another important feature
of the electrochromic mirror. When you shift into
REVERSE (R), the mirror changes to the day mode.
This gives you a bright image in the mirror as you
back up.
I
The outside rearview mirror should be adjusted so you
can just see the side of your vehicle when you are sitting
in a comfortable drivingposition.
To adjust your passenger’s side mirror, sit in the driver’s
seat and have a passenger adjust the mirror for you.
Cleaning the Photocells
Use a cotton swaband glass cleaner to cleanthe
photocells when necessary.
2-49
Power Remote Control Mirrors
(If Equipped)
If your Buick has the
outside power remote
mirrors, the control is
located on the driver’s door.
Automatic Dimming Outside Rearview
Mirror (If Equipped)
If you have this feature, the driver’s side outsidemirror
will adjust for the glare of headlamps behind you. This
feature is controlled by the on and off settings on the
automatic electrochromic day/night rearview mirror. See
“Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror’’ earlier in
this section.
k
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from
the driver’s seat.
Move the switch in the middle of the control to choose
the right or left mirror. Push the arrow controls in the
direction you want to move the mirror.
Adjust each mirror so you can just see. the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
2-50
-1
CenterConsoleCupholdedCoinholder
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they reallyare.
If you cuttoo sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
Use the door key to lock and unlock the gloveTobox.
open, lift the latch release on the left side
of the glove
box door.
The armrest between the front seats opens into storage
a
area. To open it, press the leverat the front edge.
Inside, a cupholder flips forward and unfolds
to hold
two cups. The cupholder is designedto break away
should it receive excessive
pressure. If it breaksaway,
snap the edgesback into place.
There isalso a removablecoinholder, cassette tape and
compact disc storage area.
2-51
Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
The front center and rear ashtrays may be removed for
cleaning. Hold the sides of the ashtray and then pull the
ashtray up and out.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable
objects into
your ashtrays. Hot cigarettesor other smoking
materials couldignite them, causinga damaging fire.
To use a lighter, push the center all the way in and let it
go. When i t is ready, the center will pop back by itself.
Pull out the entire unit to use it.
Your vehicle may have a conveniencenet. You’ll see it
just inside the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags,behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops. For heavier loads, store them in
the trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you’re not using it.
2-52
I NOTICE:
~
~
~
~
~~~~~
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
do, it won’t be able to
while it is heating. If you
back away from the heating element when
it’s
ready. That can makeit overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
Dual Sun Visors
Each sunvisor has two parts,so that both thewindshield
and door glass can be shaded
at the sametime. There is
also a tinted transparent extension that may
be pulled
out from the outer sun visor.
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirrors
(If Equipped)
When you open the cover to either
the passenger’s or
driver’s visor vanity mirror, the lamps willturn on. The
brightness of the lamp canbe adjusted by sliding the
switch up or down.
2-53
Instrument Panel
2-54
1 . Air Outlet
10. Glove Box
2. Instrument Panel Intensity Control
11. Climate Control System
3. Twilight Sentinel
12. Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
4. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
13. Ignition Switch
5. Tilt Steering Wheel Lever
14. Driver’s Side SRS (Air Bag) and Horn
ti. Instrument Cluster/Gages
15. Traction Control Button
7. Hazard Warning Flasher Switch
16. Trunk Release Button
8. Audio System
17. Hood Release
9. Passenger’s Side SRS (Air Bag)
2-55
Instrument Panel Clusters
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically.
Your Buick is equipped with one of these instrument panel clusters, which includes indicator warning lights and gages
that are explained on the following pages.
Q
Standard Cluster
2-56
8
8
l8
0
0
0
On0 000
0
I
Gage Cluster
2-57
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer (If Equipped)
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer showshow far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
~
Your Buick has a tamper resistant odometer. If you see
bright silver lines between the numbers, you’ll know
that someone has probably tried to turn it back. The
numbers may not be true.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set t o the
mileage total of the old odometer, then it must be. But if
it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must be put on
the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when
the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
A trip odometer can tell you how far you have driven
since you last set it to zero. To reset it, push the button.
2-58
The tachometer tells you
how fizst the engine is
going. It displays
engine speed in
thousands of revolutions
per minute (~pm).
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometerin
the red area or engine damagemay occur.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Payingattention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just tolet you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re abig help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds toremind people to
fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 70 seconds. If the
driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
2-59
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there is an electrical problem. Thesystem
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For moreinformation on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” inthe Index.
AIR
BAG
AIR BAG
Standard Cluster
Gage Cluster
2-60
This light will come on when you start your engine, and
it will flash for a fewseconds. Then the light should go
out. This means the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays onaft.er youstart the
engine or comeson when you are driving,your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
The air bag readiness light should flash for afew
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t comeon then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Battery System Warning Light
When you turn the key to
RUN, this light will turn on
briefly, to show that your
generator and battery
charging systems
are working.
Voltage Indicator (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped
with the gage cluster, this
gage shows voltage in the
electrical system.
8
18
VOLT
If the light stays on, you need service and you should
take your Buick to the dealer at once. To save your
battery until you get there, turn off all accessories and
set your climate control systemto OFF.
The normal range is 1 1 to 15 volts. If the gage
reading stays in either red range, or the battery warning
light turns on, have your Buick dealer check the
electrical system.
2-61
Brake System Warning Light
Your Buick’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well,
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
BRAKE
This light should come on
when you turn the key to
START. If it doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if
there’s a problem.
(a)
If the light and chime come on while you are driving,
pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that
the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer
to the floor. It may take longer to stop.If the light is still
on, have the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
2-62
v: Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning
light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light isstill on after you’ve
pulled off the roadand stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed forservice.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully. If you try to drive off with the parking
brake set, a chimewill also come on until you release
the parking brake. If the light and chime stay on after
your parking brake is fully released, it means you have
a brake problem.
I
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving,your Buick needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning lightshould come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
2-63
Traction Control System Warning Light
(Option)
I
TRACTION
OFF
This warning light should
come on briefly as you start
the engine. If the warning
light doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If it stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there
may be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
2-64
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
If you turn the system off by pressing the button
located to the left of the steering column, the
warning light will come on and stay on. To turn the
system back on, press the button again. The warning
light should go off. (See “Traction Control System”
in the Index for more information.)
Tf there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light will tell you that
your engine coolanthas
overheated or your
radiator cooling fans are
not working.
TEMP
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn the engine off as soon as possible.
In the section “Problems on the Road,” this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating”in
the Index.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped
with the gage cluster, you
have a gage that shows the
engine coolanttemperature.
If the gage pointer moves
into the red area, your
engine is too hot!
That reading means the same thing as the warning light.
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
The engine coolanttemperature gage indicates the
coolant temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. The
Canadian instrument panels indicate the coolant
temperature in degrees Celsius.
In the section “Problems on the Road,” this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light)
NOTICE:
Your Buick is equipped
with a comphter which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be
as
good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
CHECK
This system is called OBD I1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. (In Canada, OBD I1 is replaced by
Enhanced Diagnostics.) The CHECK ENGINE light
comes on toindicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
2-66
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
0
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service is required.
0
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following mayprevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
0 Avoiding steep uphill grades.
0 If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash,when it is safe to do so,
stop tiw sel?ic.le. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 1 0 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following.If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
cap has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
0
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle‘?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with qualityfuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling whenyou put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitationon acceleration
or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions maygo
away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected
by the system and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
I f none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix anymechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
2-67
Oil Pressure Light/Gage
If you’re “idling” at a stop sign, the light may blink
on and then off.
If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a
moment.
e3
But, when this light c o m s on and stays on, it means oil
isn’t going through your engine properly. You could be
low on oil, or you might have some other oil problem.
See your dealer for service.
OIL
Standard Cluster
Gage Cluster
One of these lights will tell you that there could be a
problem with your engine oil pressure. If your car has
the optional gage cluster, you can read your oil pressure
directly from the gage on your instrument panel.
There are three ways this light can come on briefly,
which is normal and doesn’t show a problem. They are:
The light comes on when you turn your key to RUN.
It goes off once you turn it to START. That’s just a
check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t, be sure
to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
2-68
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can becomeso hot that it
catches fire.You or otherscould be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
~
Damage to your enginefrom neglected oil problems
can be costly and is not covered by your warranty.
~~
Check Oil Level Light (If Equipped)
CHECK
I LEVEL
The CHECK OIL LEVEL
light turns on for three
seconds as a bulb check
each time the ignition key is
turned to the RUN position.
If the light doesn’t turn on,
have your vehicle serviced.
If the engine oil is more than one quart (0.95 L) low and
the engine has been shut off for at least eight minutes,
the CHECK OIL LEVEL LIGHTwill turn on for about
one minute and will then remain off until the next time
you start the vehicle.
If the CHECK OIL LEVELlight turns on, the engine oil
should be checked at the dipstick then brought up to the
proper level if necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index.
Change Oil Soon Light (If Equipped)
CHANGE
OIL SOON
This light is activated by the
Engine Oil Life Monitor
System. The EngineOil
Life Monitor determines the
condition of the engine oil
and lets you know when the
oil should be changed. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
It does this by electronically receiving data from the
Powertrain Control Module. The datait receives
contains information about enginespeed (revolutions
per minute), coolant temperature and vehicle speed. The
Engine Oil Life Monitor uses this data to determine how
much the oil has degraded.
2-69
When to change your oil depends on driving habits and
conditions because these directly affect engine speed,
coolant temperature and vehicle speed. Because of this,
the CHANGE OIL SOON light may turn on as early as
2,000 miles (3 218 km) or lessfor harsh circumstances.
The CHANGE OIL SOON light is lit for five seconds
as abulb check each time the ignition key is turned to
the RUN position. It will stay on for 60 seconds once
90 percent of the oil life has been used and each time the
engine is started after that. If the CHANGE OIL SOON
light is on continuously, there is a problem with the Oil
Life Monitor Systemand service is required.
After changing the engine oil, the system should he
reset. This will cause the CHANGE OIL SOON light to
be lit for a bulb check period of three seconds.
2-70
The reset button is in the glove box. With the ignition
key in the RUN position, push the reset button, hold it in
for at least five seconds but not more than 60 seconds.
After five seconds, the CHANGE OIL SOON light will
flash four times and then go off. This indicates that the
Oil Life Monitor System has been reset.
Fuel Gage
o\\‘
\
0
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill
the tank.
0
The gagemoves a little when you turn a corner,
speed up, or make a hard stop.
0
The gage doesn’t go back to EMPTY (E) when you
turn off the ignition.
E
W
Low Fuel Light (If Equipped)
Standard Cluster
If your Buick has the gage
Gage Cluster
Your fuel gage shows about how much fue.1is in your
tank. It works only when the engine is on. When the
indicator nears EMPTY (E), you still have a little fuel
left. You need to get more fuel right away.
‘t
Here are somethings that some owners ask about. None
of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
O
0
E
cluster, a light near the fuel
gage will turn on when you
are low on fuel.You should
get more fuel as soon as
you can.
3
At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads FULL (F).
2-71
b
2-72
NOTES
(@
Section 3
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your Buick. Be sure
to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3- 1
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3- 10
3-1 1
3-11
3- 12
3- 12
3- 12
3- 14
3-18
Comfort Controls
Air Conditioning
Heating
Ventilation System and Tips
Tips for Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Passenger Control
Steering Wheel Controls for Climate Control
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
and Tone Control
3-22
3-25
3-30
3-33
3-34
3-34
3-34
3-35
3-35
3-36
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
and Tone Control
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette, CD Players
and Tone Control
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Adding Sound Equipment to Your Vehicle
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Heated Backlite Antenna
3-1
CC
kt Controls
This section describes how to operate your climate
control system. Your climate control system uses
ozone-friendly R- 134a refrigerant.
With these systems, you can control the heating,
cooling and ventilation in your Buick. Your vehicle
also has a flow-through ventilation system described
later in this section.
Electronic ' uch Clin te Control
Fan
tton
The FAN control is used to select the speed of the
blower fan and the force of air you want. There are
four speeds to choose from. Moving the lever between
LOW and HIGH will decrease orincrease the fan speed.
The fan will be off when the system is off.
Temperature Lever
This lever adjusts the temperature of the air coming
through the system. Move the TEMPERATURE lever to
change the temperature of the air coming through your
outlets. Move the lever between COOL and WARM to
lower or raise the temperature.
Mode Controls
The buttons on your system allow you to choose
settings to deliver air through the lower, middle or
windshield outlets.
If your Buick has this climate control system, the
following information tells you how it works.
3-2
RECIRC: Press this button to limit the amount of
outside air entering your vehicle. This is helpful when
you are trying to cool the interior of the vehicle quickly,
or limit the amount of outside air entering your vehicle.
To t u r n off RECIRC, press the button again. If you
select FRONT defrost or BLEND while RECIRC is
selected, the system will automatically turn off RECIRC
to prevent fogging.
VENT This setting directs outside air through the
middle instrument panel outlets. The air conditioning
compressor is not working when VENT is selected.
NORM: This setting cools the outside air entering your
vehicle and directs it through the middle instrument
panel outlets. The air conditioner ison in this mode.
HTR: This button directs air out of the heater outlets.
Most of the air will come fromthe floor outlets while
some air will flow through the windshield and side
window outlets. The air conditioning compressor is
not
working when HTR is selected.
BI-LEV This setting directs warm air to the floor and
cooler air to the middle instrument panel outlets. The
air conditioner is on in this mode.
BLEND: When BLEND is selected, the airflow will be
split between the windshield and the floor outlets. The
air conditioning compressorwill be operating.
FRONT This setting directs most of the airflow toward
the windshield.
OFF: The ventilation system always allows fresh air to
flow through your Buick when the vehicle is moving.
The system will try to keep the air at a previously
chosen temperature. When the systemis off, the blower
fan is also off.
MAX: This setting directs airflow through the middle
instrument panel outlets. The amount of outside air
entering your vehicle is limited with this setting. The air
conditioning compressor is on in this mode.
Dual Automatic ComforTemp
Climate Control (If Equipped)
If your Buick has the Dual Automatic Comfortemp
Climate Control option, the following information tells
you how it works.
You will hear a beep each time a button is pushed and a
light on the button will indicate which function is active.
The lights are on all buttons except TEMP, FAN and
AIR FLOW. The display will show fan speed, comfort
level setting and airflow direction for a few seconds
whenever AUTO is selected, and then it will display the
outside temperature. The outside temperature reading is
most accurate when the vehicle is moving. During stops,
the display shows the previous temperature for best
accuracy and system control.
3-3
Temperature Button
To adjust the comfort level you want maintained inside
the vehicle, push the TEMP button. If you want a
warmer comfort level, push the red arrow. If you want
a cooler comfort level, pushthe blue arrow. Your
comfort setting is shown in the display.
If the display is flashing after the climate control system
is started, there is a problem with the system and you
should see your dealer for service.
Sun and temperature sensors automatically adjust the
air temperature, the airflow direction and the fan speed
to maintain your comfort setting. Thesystem may
supply cooler air to the sideof the vehicle toward
the sun. Be careful not to put anything over the sensors
on top of the dash.
3-4
Fan Button
The speed of the blower fan is controlled automatically
if you have the system set for AUTO. Pressing the
FAN button will display and hold the current blower
fan setting.
If you want the blowerfan to run at a lower speed, push
the bottom of the FAN button. The fan speed will
decrease with every push of the button until the lowest
speed is reached. If you want to increase the fan speed,
push the top of the FAN button. Notice the fan
indicators in the display.
Mode Controls
Press the AIR FLOW button to deliver air through the
floor, middle or windshield outlets. The systemwill stay
in the selected mode until the AUTO button is pushed.
Press the up arrow on the AIR FLOW button to cycle
through the available modes.
Automatic Operation
Manual Operation
Press the AUTO button when you want the system to
automatically adjust to changes in the temperature inside
the vehicle, the outside temperature and the sun load
on the vehicle. When the system is set for automatic
operation, air will come from the floor, middle or
windshield outlets depending on the temperature inside
the vehicle, the outside temperature and sun load. Fan
speed will vary as the system gets to and maintains the
comfort setting you have selected through the use of the
TEMP button.
You may also manually adjust the air delivery or
fan speed.
To find your comfort setting, start with the system in
AUTO mode and the TEMP button adjusted to 75°F
(24"C), give the vehicle about 20 minutes to stabilize,
and adjust your comfort setting if necessary, by using
the TEMP button. The display will show the comfort
setting for a few seconds and then it will display the
outside temperature. If you want to see your current
automatic fan speed, airflow direction and comfort
setting, press the AUTO button.
AIR FLOW: This button is used to change the direction
of the airflow. The airflow choices available are
FLOOR, FLOOR-MID, MID and
WINDSHIELD-FLOOR. If the system is set for AUTO,
pressing the AIR FLOW button will display the current
airflow direction and the comfort setting. Press the AIR
FLOW up or down button again to change the direction
of the airflow.
If the AIR FLOW up button is selected while in the
FRONT defrost mode, the system will direct the air
toward the WINDSHIELD-FLOOR. If the AIR FLOW
down button is selected while in the FRONT defrost
mode, the system will direct the air toward the FLOOR,
and the FRONT defrost mode will cancel. Notice the
arrows in the display.
In cold weather, the system will delay turning on the
fan, to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay
depends on the engine coolant temperature an.d the
outside temperature. Pushing theFAN, AIR FLOW or
FRONT buttons will override this delay, turn off the
AUTO setting and change the fan speed.
3-5
OFF: If the passenger comfort control is turned on, it
can be turned off by pressing the OFF button once.
Pressing the OFF button a second time will turn off the
main system. Turning off the main system causes the fan
to turn off and the airflow to be directed to the FLOOR.
The system will still try to keep the interior of the
vehicle at the previous chosen comfort setting. The
outside temperature will show on the display when the
system is OFF.
The ventilation system always allows fresh air to flow
through your Buick when the vehicle is moving even
with the system in the OFF mode.
VENT The VENT button allows outside air to flow
through your Buick without the air conditioning
compressor working. Selecting VENT and the AUTO
button at the same time allows the system to control
automatically without the use of the air conditioning
compressor orthe use of the RECIRC mode. To turn off
the VENT selection, push the VENT button again.
RECIRC: When RECIRC is selected, the system will
limit the amount of outside air enteringyour vehicle.
This is helpful when you are trying to cool the interior
3-6
of the vehicle quickly or limit the amount of outside
air entering your vehicle. RECIRC and AUTO may
be selected at the same time. The system will remain
in RECIRC until the ignition is turned off, then the
system will return back to the previously selected
mode. Deselecting the RECIRC button will also turn
off the RECIRC function. RECIRC can be selected
in all manual airflow modes except FRONT defrost
and VENT.
FRONT This selection is used to defrost the windshield
by directing the airflow toward the windshield.
If FRONT is selected while in the AUTO mode,the
fan speed and the air temperature from the front
defroster will vary. If a manual fan speed setting is
selected, the fan speed will remain at that selection
until another fan speed selection is made or the AUTO
mode is selected. To turn off FRONT, press the AUTO
or AIR FLOW button.
FRONT defrost will work better if any ice or snow is
cleared from the hood and the air inlet area between the
base of the windshield and the hood.
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time
it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keepyour windows closed
for the air conditioner towork its best.
If you have the electronic touch system, forquick
cool-down on very hot days, use MAX with the
temperature and fan speed adjusted to COOL and
HIGH. If this setting is used for long periods of time,
the air in your vehicle may become too cold and dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, use NORM and
adjust the temperature and fan speed for your comfort.
If RECIRC is selected while in the NORM air
conditioning mode, the system works like MAX and
recirculates the air.
On sunny days, when the air is moderately warm or
cool, use BI-LEV to deliverwarm air to the floor and
cooler air to the middle instrument panel outlets. On
days like these,the sun may adequately warm your
upper body, but your lower body may not be warm
enough. To warm or cool the air delivered, adjust the
TEMPERATURE lever.
The amount of fresh air entering the vehicle is limited
when RECIRC is selected. This is helpful when you
are trying to cool the air in your vehicle or limit the air
entering the vehicle.
If your vehicle has the Dual Automatic Cornfortemp
system and it is set for AUTO, on very hot days, the
system will automatically enter the RECIRC mode and
the temperature door will be positioned at the full cold
position for maximum cooling. If the system is not in
the AUTO mode, RECIRC should be selected to provide
maximum cooling. You can choose the extreme comfort
setting of 60°F ( I 6"C), but the system will not cool any
faster by choosing the extreme comfort setting.
When the air conditioner is on, you may sometimes
notice slight changes in your vehicle's engine speed
and power. This is normal because the system is
designed to cycle the compressor on and off to keep
the desired temperature.
3-7
Heating
Ventilation System
If your vehicle has the electronic touch system, on
cold days, use HTR with the TEMPERATURE lever
toward WARM.
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use VENT (on the electronic touch
system or manual operation of the Dual Automatic
Comfortemp system) to direct outside air through your
vehicle. Air will flow through the middle instrument
panel outlets.
If your vehicle has the Dual Automatic Comfortemp
system, and on cold days, if the AUTO mode is selected,
the system will automatically direct the air toward the
floor and the temperature door will be positioned at the
full hot position. You can choose the extreme comfort
setting of 90°F (32°C) but the system will not warm up
any faster by selecting the extreme comfort setting. If
the outside temperature is cold, the fan will be delayed
to avoid blowing cold air. Pushing the FAN, AIR FLOW
or FRONT buttons will override this delay, turn off the
AUTO mode and change the fan speed.
With each system, outside air will be brought in and sent
through the floor outlets. The heater works best if you
keep your windows closed while using it.
3-8
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it’s moving. When the
vehicle is not moving, you can get outside air to flow
through by selecting any air choice (exceptthe rear
window defogger) and any fan speed.
Adjust the direction of
airflow by moving the
louvered vents.
0
When the engine idles for a long time,the exterior
temperature sensor may cause the system to blow
air that is too cool. Oncethe vehicle is moving again,
the system will try to maintain the set temperature
inside your vehicle.
0
When you start your vehicle and the EXT display
flashes (Dual Automatic Comfortemp systemonly)
for some time, the system may need repair. See your
Buick dealer.
Defogging and Defrosting
If you have the electronic touch system,adjust the
TENPERATURE lever towardWARM and the FAN
lever toward HIGH.
If you have the rear passenger comfortemp option,
you can adjust the direction of the airflow to the rear
seating area.
Ventilation Tips
0
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction such as leaves. The heater and
defroster will work better, reducing the chance of
fogging your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
If you have the Dual Automatic Comfortemp system,
use the FRONT button to defog or defrost the
windshield. By choosing thisbutton, the airflow will be
directed at the windshield. Adjust your comfort levelby
pressing the TEMP up or down arrow. The fan speed
will be controlled by the system. You can change the fan
speed by pressing the top of the FAN button to increase
speed, and the bottom of the button to decrease speed.
3-9
To reduce the chance of fogging your windows in cold
weather, using the electronic touch system, select HTR
to supply air through the floor outlets.Then move the
FAN lever to HIGH for a few moments before driving
away. This will blow moist air from the intake outlets
toward the floor, not the windshield. If you have the
Dual Automatic Cornfortemp system, the AUTO setting
will do this for you. Manual operation of the automatic
comfortemp system in the FLOOR mode will also
supply air through the floor outlets.
Rear Window Defogger
The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. Press this button to
start warming your window.
3-10
After 10 minutes it will turn off by itself, orpressing the
button during the heating cycle will turn it off. If you
need additional warming time, push the button again.
The system will then operate for five minutes before
going off by itself.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
I NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming gridor the
integrated rear windowantenna, and the repairs
wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
Passenger Control
I
If you have the Dual
Automatic Comfortemp
system, the front seat- passenger can control the
Steering Wheel Controls for Climate
Control (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, you can control the
temperature functionby
using the button on your
steering wheel. Press the
TEMP up arrow to increase
the temperature and the
TEMP down arrow to
decrease thetemperature.
The temperature can be set
up to 5 O F (- 15O C ) cooler
or warmer thanthe primary setting.To activate the
passenger control, simply press
the COOL or WARM
buttons located on thepassenger’s door.
The indicator lights above the control will
show the
difference from the main temperature setting.
If the passenger control has been turned on, itbecan
turned off by pressing the OFF button once. Pressing the
OFF button a second timewill turn off the mainsystem.
3-11
Audio Systems
AM-FM Stereo
Your DelcoB audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Delco system can do
and how to operate all its controls, to be sureyou’re
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HRS until the correct hour appears.
Press and hold MIN until the correct minute appears.
You may set the clock with the ignition off if you
press RECALL first and follow the same procedure
described above.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: This knob turns the system on and off and
controls the volume. To increase volume and turn the
radio on, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
3-12
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being played or to display the clock. To change
what is normally shown on the display (station or time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes. If you press the
knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2). Just:
Finding a Station
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return.
AM-FM: Press the AM-FM button to switch between
AM, FMl and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right or left arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop for afew seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
1 . Turn the radio on.
2. Press the AM-FM button to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
5 . Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop for afew seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. The radio will not stop at a preset station if the
station is weak.
3-13
Setting the Tone
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
decrease bass.
knob to increase 01'
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you're not using them.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: This knob turns the system on and off
and controls the volume. To increase volume and
turn the radio on, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
3-14
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being played or to display the clock. To change
what is normally shown on the display (station or time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes. If you press the
knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM 1 and six FM2). Just:
Finding a Station
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return.
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right or left arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds,then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop for afew seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to
stop scanning. The radiowill not stop at a preset if the
station is weak.
3-15
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble.If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls just as you do forthe
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press EJECT or RECALL. Note that the
cassette tape adapter kits for portable compact disc
players will work in your cassette tape player.
Adjusting the Speakers
Your tape bias is set automatically.
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of-’an error.
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape tomake sure your player is
working properly.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should fttce to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on, the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
3-16
0
Ell: The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK left and right arrows will also find the
previous and next selections onthe tape.
..
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio
will play while the tape reverses.
(4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
return to playing speed. The radio will play while the
tape advances.
00 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The display will show either OFF or ON for a few
seconds when you press the button.
Dolby@Noise Reduction is manufactured under a
license fromDolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbolare trademarks of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play. If you leave a cassettetape in the player while
listening to the radio, it may become warm.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for fiveseconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
3-17
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
and Automatic Tone Control
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
this button until you see the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM 1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn
it counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
3-18
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows fortwo seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK buttons again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM I and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
band (AM or FM)you are listening to). AUTO SET
will flash while seeking and will remain on until this
function is complete. To return to the stations you
manually set, press AUTO SET again.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting the Tone
3. Tune in the desired station.
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasebass.
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio
will go to
the first preset station, stop for a few seconds,then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET: Press this button and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons (depending on which
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again after C & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
3-19
Adjusting the Speakers
Your tape bias is set automatically.
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
lf E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn
the knob tomove the sound to the front or rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
0
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on,the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an anow to
show which side of the tape is playing. If you want to
insert a tape when the ignition or radio is off, first press
EJECT or RECALL.
3-20
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn
the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with
the open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used inthe
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selection for
NEXT to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
tape is in the player.
The SEEK up and down arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play while the tape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to another
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
00 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape
function when the radio is on. TAPE PLAY with an
arrow will appear on the display when the tape is active.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play. If you leave a cassette tape in the player while
listening to the radio, it may become warm.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible
to prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarksof Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
3-21
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
and Automatic Tone Control
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
the button until you see the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for
a few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio
stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn
it counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
3-22
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
1. Turn the radio on.
band (AM or FM) you are listening to). AUTO SET
will flash while seeking and will remain on until this
function is complete. To return to the stations you
manually set, press AUTO SET again.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting the Tone
3. Tune in the desired station.
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2). Just:
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
5 . Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop fora few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO S E T Press this button and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons (depending on which
knob to increase or decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again after C & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone comrol will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
3-23
Adjusting the Speakers
0
E20: It is dirty, scratched or wet.
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn this
knob to move the sound to the le,ft or right speakers. The
middle position balances the sound between the
speakers.
0
E20: There’s too much moisture in the air. (Wait
about an hour and try again.)
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn this
knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between the
speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing.
If you want to insert a CD while the ignition or the radio
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
the display. When things get back to normal, the disc
should play. If the disc comes out, it could be that:
0
E20: The disc is upside down.
3-24
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide
it to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the start of the
current track if more than eight secondshave played.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the disc.
44 (3): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track. You will hear sound.
b. (4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track. You will hear sound.
RAND (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RAND
again to turn off random play.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player and Automatic
Tone Control
RECALL: Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to seehow
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
button until you see the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc
function when the radio is on. When a discis inserted,
the disc will play until you press AM-FM. Then the disc
will stop playing and the radio will play. Press SOURCE
again to play a disc again. CDPLAY will show on the
display.
EJECT Press this button to remove the disc. The radio
will play.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source. If you
leave a compact discin the player while listening to the
radio, it may become warm.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn
it counterclockwise to decreasevolume.
3-25
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
the RECALL button until you see the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until the display flashes.
If you press the button when the ignition is off, the clock
will show for a few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
Finding a Station
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
3-26
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1 . TUI-11 the radioon.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of:your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons. AUTO SET will flash
while seeking and will remain on until this function is
complete. To return to the stations you manually set,
press AUTO SET again.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasebass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends.Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble.
If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This feature allowsyou to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz,talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again after C & W
appears and MANUALwill appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between the
speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on, thetape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls justas you do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
3-27
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
ElO: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn
the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with
the open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
3-28
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selection for
NEXT to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio
will play while the tape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
return to playing speed. The radio will play while the
tape advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
RAND (6): Press this button to reduce background
noise when playing a cassette tape. The double-D
symbol will appear in the display.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape or
disc function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a
disc are installed, the system will first go to tape play;
TAPE SIDE and an arrow will appear on the display. If
SOURCE is pressed again, the system will go to disc
play; CD PLAY will appear on the display.
EJECT: The system has two EJECT buttons. Press
the button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Press the
button near the tape slot to remove a tape and the radio
will play. If you leave a cassette tape in the player while
listening to the radio, it may become warm.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible
to prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for five secondsto
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encodedwith Dolby
NR. You may turn Dolby off by pressing the
number six preset.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.Dolby
and the double-D symbol aretrademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing.
If you want to insert a CD while the ignition or the radio
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
the display. When things get back to normal, the disc
should play. If the disc comes out,it could be that:
E20: The disc is upside down.
E20: It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0
E20: There’s too much moisture in the air. (Wait
about an hour and try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the start of the
current track, if more than eight seconds have played.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc. The
sound will mute while seeking.
3-29
NEXT (2): Press this button to go tothe next track.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc is in the player.
44 (3): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track. You will hear sound.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc
function when the radio is on. When adisc is inserted,
the disc will play until you press AM-FM. Then the
disc will stop playing and the radio will play. Press
SOURCE again to play a disc again. CD PLAY will
show on the display.
bb (4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track. You will hear sound.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the disc. The
radio will play.
RAND (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RAND
again to turn off random play.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
RECALL: Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
RECALL button until you see the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until the display flashes.
Also, as a protection feature, if a CD is ejected and left
in the player, it will be pulled back in the player with
the ignition on or off. If you leave a compact disc in the
player while listening to the radio, it may become warm.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the disc.
3-30
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
TM
If THEFTLOCK is active, the THEFTLOCK indicator
will flash when the ignition is off.
The THEFTLOCK featurefor the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radiowill not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The instructions which follow, explain how to enter
your secret code to activatethe THEFTLOCK system.
It is recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
1. Write. down any three or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate
from the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
secret code number which you have written down.
5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
6. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree.
with your code.
7. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP to let you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your radio is secure.
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
3-31
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
2. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
4. Press HRS to make the first one ortwo digits agree
with your code.
5. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is
now operable and secure.
If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOPwill
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you can try again. When
you try again, you will only have three more chances
(eight tries per chance) to enter the correct code before
INOP appears.
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
3-32
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC shows on the display.
4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
5. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
6. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show ---,indicating that the radio is
no longer secured.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is removed and later applied to a
secured radio, the radio won’t turn on and LOC will
appear on the display.
To unlock a secured radio see “Unlocking the
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss” earlier in
this section.
Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.
Some steering wheel controls may operate climate
controls. See “Steering Wheel Controls for Climate
Control” earlier in this section.
SEEK: Press this button
to go to the next higher or
lower radio station. Press
and hold this button again
for two seconds and SCAN
will appear. Press it again
to stop scanning.
SCAN: Press this button to scan the stations preset on
your radio pushbuttons. This featureworks like your
radio’s P SCAN button and allows you to listen to each
of your preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will
go to the first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then
go on to the next preset station. Press SCAN again to
stop scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AM-FM: Press this button to choose AM, FM 1 or FM2.
VOL: Press the up or
down arrow to increase
or decrease volume.
SRCE: If you have radio-only controls, you will have
this control. Press SRCE to play a cassette tape or
compact disc when the radio is playing. If both a tape
and disc are installed, the system will first go to tape
play. Press SRCE again to go to disc play.
MUTE: If you have radio-only controls, you will have
this control. Press MUTE to silence the system. Press it
again to turn on the sound.
3-33
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stt?m;.eo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles ( 16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,causing
the sound to come and go.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be
loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
3-34
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle like a tape player, CB radio,
mobile telephoneor two-way radio be sure
you can add whatyou want. If you can,it’s
very important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, Delco radioor
other systems, and even damage them.
Your
vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
--
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape playcr that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or adamaged
mechanism. Cassette tapesshould be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
SO hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player for SO hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If this message. appears
on the display, your cassette tape player needs to be
cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it
as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and
player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a
known good cassette to see if it is the tape or the tape
player at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement
in sound quality, clean the tape player.
Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassettewith pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. A
scrubbing action cleaningcassette is available through
your Buick dealership.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action,wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette may not
clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from direct
sunlight and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled,
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surfixe when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges orthe
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-35
Heated Backlite Antenna
Your AM-FM antenna is integrated with your rear
window defogger, into your rear window. Be sure
that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception.
Do not try to clear frost or other material from the
inside of the rear window with an ice scraper, credit
card or other hard object. This may damage the rear
defogger grid and affect your radio’s ability to pick
up stations clearly.
3-36
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger,
you hear static on your radio station, it means a
defogger grid line has been damaged and must be
repaired. (Your radio is not at fault.)
If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your
Buick, and the antenna needs to be attached to the
glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid lines
for the AM-FM antenna.
b%)
NOTES
3-37
&azo
3-38
NOTES
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find informationabout driving on differentkinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-5
4-6
4-10
4-13
4-13
4- 15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-18
4-2 1
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-26
4-3 1
4-33
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leavingon a LongTrip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-1
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways,it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
4-2
ueath and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributorto the
highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How much is “too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
mken Driving
Judgment
0
The amount of alcohol consumed
0
Muscular Coordination
0
The drinker’s body weight
0
Vision
The amount of food that is consumed beforc and
during drinking
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol.In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, some 17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never todrink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking.For persons under 2 1, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
0
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce ( I 20 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1- I /2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law i n many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U S . states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0. I O percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderateBAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something elseabout drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash,that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then drivingis very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can havea serious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
a driver
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with
who has been drinking. Ride home ina cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
--
--
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
4-5
~
~
Braking
Brakingactioninvolves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring upyour
foot and doit. That’s reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving onsnow or ice,it’s
of those control systems than the tires
easy to ask more
and road can provide. That means
you can lose control
of your vehicle.
4-6
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two three
or seconds or morewith
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all playa part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But evenin 314 of a second, a vehicle
moving at60 mph ( 100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could bea lot of distance in anemergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances
vary greatly
with the surfaceof the road (whetherit’s pavement or
gravel); the conditionof the road (wet,dry, icy); tire
tread; the conditionof your brakes; the weight
of the
of brake force applied.
vehicle and the amount
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drivein
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stopswhile you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes.If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little. This is nolmal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
4-7
~~
r
~~
~
~~~
-~
~~~~
~
~~~
The anti-lock systemcan change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to makethe most of available tireand
road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works.Let’s say the roadis wet.
in
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out
front of you.
You slam on the brakes.
Here’s what happens withABS.
A computer sensesthat wheels are slowing down.
If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will
separately work the brakes at each front
wheel and at the
rear wheels.
4-8
You can steeraround the obstaclewhile braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressureaccordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance.If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. (See “Cruise Control”in
the Index .)
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the system
working, or you may notice some noise, but this is normal.
Traction Control System (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine power
to limit wheel spin.
TRACTION
OFF
When the system is on, this
warning light will come on
to let you know if there’s a
problem with your traction
control system.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light’’ in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
4-9
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. (You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever getsstuck
in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
To turn the system off, press
the TRACTION
CONTROL button on the
instrument panel to the left
of the steering wheel.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The traction control system warning
light should go off.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnasteer
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with GM Magnasteer ,
a steering system that continuously adjusts the effort you
feel when steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking, yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Your steering can beadjusted for aneasier or more firm
setting. See your dealer for information.
TM
The traction control system warning light will come on
and stay on. If the system is limiting wheel spin when
you press the button, the warning light will come
on -- but the system won’t tum off right away.
It will wait until there’s no longer a current need to limit
wheel spin.
4-10
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to changeits path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicleon wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve dependson the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angleat
which the curve is banked,and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration
can demand too much of those places. You can lose
control. Refer to“Traction Control” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Easeup on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do itbefore you enter the curve,while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then
you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -steering and acceleration -- have to do their work where
4-11
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for justthe right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, sincethe
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A nliscalculation, an error in
judgment, ora brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of a l l traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
I
So here are some tips for passing:
y
/
edge of paved surface
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
off the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a
solid line on your side of the lane or a double
solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
4-13
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following tooclosely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following alarger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane.If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
0
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-14
0
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane changesignal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
0
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease alittle to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape routeor area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond toyour Buick’s
three control systems. Inthe braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causestires to slip and
lose cornering force.And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
IT’you
have the traction control system, remember: It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid.
If you do not have traction control, or if the system is
off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by
easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surfacewith reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Here are some tips on night driving.
Driving at Night
.
.
.
.
.
. -.
. . . . . . . .
.....
I
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
.....
......
<-=.*.-
In remote areas, watch for animals.
0
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-16
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light tosee the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can alsoaffect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the dayin bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark.When you
are faced with severe glare (as froma driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving: that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and aren’t
even aware of it.
4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-18
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, applyyour brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles
or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow downbefore you hit them.
4-19
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. Whenyour vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water thatis slightly
lower than the underbodyof your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-20
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city mapand plan your trip into an unknown
part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
0
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doingand pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-21
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on afreeway as apassing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a rampthat leads to the
freeway. If you have a clearview of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp,you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check yourmirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (alsocalled thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-22
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make surethere isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable followingdistance. Expect to move
slightly slowerat night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, donot,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quitesharply,
Buick dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
0
Wi~dshieldWusiwr Fluid:Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Ellgine Oil, Other Fluids:Have you checked
all levels?
0
Lun7ps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Fo1-ecusts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route‘?Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major stormsystem?
0
Mups: Do you have up-to-date maps‘?
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to yourspeedometer, not
to your senseof motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, youmay tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’reready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and MountainRoads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Callit
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness,or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
a Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
0
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
a If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-24
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
I
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes,tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These partscan work hard on
mountain roads.
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL(N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work
well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going down
a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine
running and yourvehicle in gear when you
go downhill.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do someof the
slowing down. Shiftto a lower gearwhen you go
down a steep or longhill.
0
Know how togo uphill. Drivein the highest gear possible.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert.There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
If you don’t shift down,your brakes could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going downa hill.
You could crash. Shift down tolet your engine
assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
A CAUTION:
4-25
Winter Driving
Here are sometips for winter driving:
0
Have your Buick in good shape for winter.
0
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-26
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, arag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, ared cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice canbe slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice canbe even more troublebecause it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32°F; OOC) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed,blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on.It will
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on a
slippery road. Even though your vehicle has a traction
control system, you’ll want to slow down and adjust
your driving to the road conditions. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.
If you don’t have the traction control system,accelerate
gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you
accelerate too fast,the drive wheels will spin and polish
the surface under the tires evenmae,
I
4
4-27
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on aslippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stoppingsooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spotthat’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road,ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curveor an overpass may
remain icy when the surroundingroads are clear. If
you see apatch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-28
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon helpand keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
0
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, makebody
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing tokeep warm.
You can run the engine to keepwarm, but be careful.
4-29
n
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, makeit go alittle faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel forthe heat that you get and it keeps the
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle.
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
to get inside. CO could overcomeyou and kill
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for awhile.
you. You can’t see it or smellit, so you might not
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
around the baseof your vehicle, especially any
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
that is blocking your exhaustpipe. And check
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
around again from time to time to be sure snow fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
doesn’t collect there.
every half hour or so until help comes.
Open a window just a little on the sideof the
vehicle that’s away from thewind. This will help
keep CO out.
4-30
Loading Your Vehicle
:"
TIRE-LOADINGINFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE
CAP.
WT.
CTR.
FRT.
RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
.
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE GVWR GAWR FRT GAWR RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
XXX
COLD
TIRE
CAPACITY
WEIGHT
PRESSURE
SPEED
TIRE SIZE
PSI/KPa
RTG
FRT.
I
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRESAREHOT, ADD 4PS1;28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
\INFORMATION
~- .-
1
I
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver's doortells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacityweight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
nonfactory-installed options.
ne other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver's door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). TheGVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for yourvehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. Don't carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kilograms) in
your trunk.
4-31
I
A
CAUT’UN:
Do not load yourvehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can break,
or it canchange the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control. Also,
overloading can shorten thelife of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components thatfail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
I
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and
in
injure people ina sudden stop or turn, or
a crash.
Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put themas far forward asyou can.
Try to spread the weightevenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside thevehicle so that someof them are
above the topsof the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it wheneveryou can.
Electronic Level Control (If Equipped)
This feature keepsthe rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It is automatic -- you do not need to
adjust anything.
Towing a Trailer
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you canlose control when you pull a
trailer. For example,if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not workwell or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section.Ask your Buick dealer for
advice and information about towing
a trailer
with your vehicle.
--
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and
see your Buick dealer
a trailer
for important information about towing
with your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
4-33
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced t.o work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h))to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
4-34
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
the weight of the trailer tongue
0
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
How heavy can a trailer safelybe?
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for moreinformation about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg). But
even that can be too heavy.
It depends on howyou plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude,road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And,it can also depend on any
special equipmentthat you have on your vehicle.
YOUcan ask your dealer forour trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Motor Division,
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioLlH SP7
A
B
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some itemsaround in the trailer.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
0
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to
the bumper.
0
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide”in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tiresare inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the Tire
Loading Information label located atthe rear edge of the
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Then be sure you don’tgo over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weightof the trailer tongue.
4-36
Safety Chains
Driving with a Trailer
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attachingsafety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out forthe open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read and
follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be
able to install, adjust and maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, donot try to tap into
your vehicle.’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
Before you start, checkthe trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, andthat the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle withoKt a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
4-37
I
Passing
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your Buick dealer. The green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn
or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guideyou.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailerto come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged.Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, treesor other objects.Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
4-38
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Your vehicle has bulb warning lights. When you plug a
trailer lighting system into your vehicle’s lighting
system, its bulb warning lights may not let you know if
one of your lamps goes out. So, when you have a trailer
lighting system plugged in, be sure tocheck your
vehicle and trailer lamps from time to time to be sure
they’re all working. Once you disconnect the trailer
lamps, the bulb warning lights again can tell you if one
of your vehicle lamps is out.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade.If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
Parking on Hills
Shift into a gear; and
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels,
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belts, cooling system and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review these sections before you start
your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-39
I
fi
4-40
NOTES
(@
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-8
5- 13
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump
Starting
Towing Your
Vehicle
Engine
Overheating
5-22
5-22
5-35
5-36
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a FlatTire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
Hazard Warning Flashers
Press the button in to
make your front and
rear turn signal lamps
flash on and off.
Your hazard warning flashers work n o matter what
position your key is in. and even if the key isn’t in.
To turn off the flashers,
pull out on the collar.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash o n and dl’.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
5-2
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicleand some jumper cablesto start your
Buick. But please use the following steps to do it safely.
NOTICE:
Remember that ignoring these steps could result
in costly damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t
be
covered by your warranty.
Trying to start your Buick
by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your
vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
I
Batteries can hurtyou. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burn you.
They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some o r all
of these things can hurtyou.
I
NOTICE:
If the other systemisn’t a 12-volt system witha
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2 . Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your Buick, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure. Put your
automatic transaxle in PARK (P) before setting
the parking brake.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well
as radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both
batteries. In addition, it couldsave your radio!
a
5-4
I NOTICE:
If you leave your radioon, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered
by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
’A
I
C. UTI0
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
A
CAUTION:
L
l
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded.
Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You don’t
need to add water to theDelco Freedom@ battery
installed in every newGM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps,be sure the right amount
of fluid is there.If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could be
present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burnyou.
Don’t get it onyou. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-)
or a metal engine part. Don‘t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts, too.
Fans or othermoving engine parts can injureyou
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engines are running.
5-5
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-6
9. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the goodbattery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end
touch anything until the
next step. The other
end of the negative(-)
cable doesn’t go to the
dead battery. It goes
to a heavy unpainted
metal part on the engine
of the vehicle with the
dead battery.
10. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the deadbattery, but not near engine
parts that
move. The electrical connection is just
as good
of sparks getting backto the
there, but the chance
battery is much less.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead
battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-7
13. Remove the cables in reverse order. Take care that
they don’t touch each other or any other metal.
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a Buick dealer or a professional towing
service tow your LeSabre. See “Roadside Assistance”
in the Index.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle can only be towed with certain
equipment, as described later in this section.
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
0
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
0
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operator may want
to see them.
5-8
AC
’A
CAUTION:
UTION:
A vehicle can fall froma car carrier if it isn’t
adequately secured. This can cause
a collision,
serious personal injury and
vehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or
steel cables before itis transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.) that can be cutby sharp
edges underneath the towedvehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They will damage drivetrain and
suspension components.
Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts notfully secured.
Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing
it.
Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
5-9
1
Front Towing
Attach T-hook chains
on both sidesin the
slotted holes in the
bottom of the cradle,
behind the frontwheels.
-
Position a 4” x 4” wood beam across sling chains
contacting the bottomof the radiator support. Position
the lower sling crossbar directly under
the front bumper.
5-10
Attach T-hook chains to
slots in the bottom of the
floor pan directly ahead
of the rear wheels on
both sides.
No 4 " x 4 " wood beam is needed.
L
Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end
of each control arm.
5-11
J
Position the lower sling crossbar directly behind and at
the lower edge of the rear bumper cover.
Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end
of each lower control arm.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant light or a warning light about a
hot engine on your Buick’s instrument panel. If you
have the optional gage cluster, you may also have a
coolant temperature warning gage. See “EngineCoolant
Temperature Warning Light” or “Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage” in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
A CAUTION:
badly, even if you just open thehood. Stay away
from the engine’ifyou see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant beforeyou
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine
is
overheated, the liquidsin it can catch fire.You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine
if
it overheats, and get out
of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
I NOTICE:
I
If your engine catches fire becauseyou keep
driving with no coolant, yourvehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be
covered by your warranty.
5-13
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see orhear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@I)or
THIRD (3).
5-14
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, to see
if the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, turn off the engiue and get everyo1w out of
the ~~ehic‘Ie
until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
An electric fan under the hoodcan start up even
when the engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothingand tools away from
any underhood electricfan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Radiator Pressure Cap
C. Electric Engine Fans
5-15
I
Heater and radiatorhoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot.Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could loseall coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could beburned.
Get any leak fixed before youdrive thevehicle.
The coolant level shouldbe at or abovethe FULL
COLD mark.
If it isn’t, you may have a leakin the radiatorhoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pumpor somewhere elsein
the cooling system.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from runningyour engine
without coolant isn’t coveredby your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, withthe engine on, check to
see if the electric enginefans are running. If the engine
is overheating, both fans should be running. If they
aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
5-16
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t founda problem yet, but the coolant
level isn’t at the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50
mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and
DEX-COOL@ (silicate-free) antifreeze at the
coolant recovery tank. (See “EngineCoolant’’ in
the Index formore information.)
1 NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mix.
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can
boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant
mix. With
plain water or the wrong
mix, your engine could
get too hot but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire andyou or
others could be burned.Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL@coolant.
5-17
I
You can be burnedif you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethyleneglycol
and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant ona hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mix
directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
I
Steam and scalding liquids from
a hot cooling
system can blow out and burnyou badly. They
are under pressure, and
if you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they can comeout
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
5-18
--
a t high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Waitfor the cooling system and
radiator pressure cap tocool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when
the cooling system, includingthe radiator pressure
cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.Turn
the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-19
3. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL
COLD mark.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
5-20
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot.Watch out for the
engine fans.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL@coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
5-21
?
-1
Ti:e Goes Flat
unusual for atire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
HIS
If a fronttire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stopwell out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve,acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flattire safely.
5-22
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tireand wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
v nir \la: rs.
*
,
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The
vehicle
can slip off the jack androll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire.To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brakefirmly.
2. Put the shift lever in
PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain thevehicle won’t move,
you can put blocksat the front and rear
of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side
of the
vehicle, at theopposite end.
4
A
The equipment you’ll
need is in the trunk.
Pull the carpeting from
the floor of the trunk.
Turn the center
retainer bolt on the
spare tire cover
counterclockwise
to remove it.
Lift and remove the cover. See “Compact Spare Tire’’
later in this section for more information about the
compact spare.
Remove the spare tire from the trunk.
5-24
The box that stores the
jack and wrench is on the
passenger side trunk wall.
Open the box and then twist
the wing bolt a one-quarter
turn counterclockwise.
Remove the jack and wheel wrench.
Removing Wheel Covers and Wheel
Nut Caps
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B).
If your vehicle has an aluminum wheel with a center
cover that hides the wheel nuts, remove the center cover
by using the flat end of the wrench to pry it off.
5-25
If your vehicle has a
wheel cover, remove it
by using the flatend of
the wheel wrench.
Pry along the edgeof the wheel cover until it comes
off.
Be careful, therim edges may be sharp.Don’t try to
remove itwith your bare hands.
Note: When replacing any wheel cover, carefully line up
the tire valve stem
and the notch in thewheel cover.
5-26
If your vehicle has this
aluminum wheel, you may
have plasticwheel nut caps.
Use the wheel nut wrench
to remove the wheel nut
caps and to loosen the
wheel nuts.
When re-installing the decorative nut caps,tighten the
caps snuglywith the wheel wrench, thencontinue
one-quarter rotation to secure plastic caps.
If your vehicle has wire
wheel covers, remove
them as follows:
Use the wire wheel key
wrench to remove the
wheel cover.
Using the flat endof the
key wrench handle,
between the wire wheel
cover and the center cap,
pry off the center cap.
Remove the
theft-deterrent nut, by
placing the key end of
the wire wheel key
wrench over the nut and
turning it to the left.
Pull off the wire wheel cover.
Note: When replacing the wheel cover, carefully line
up the tire valve stem and the notch in the wheel
cover.
5-27
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
2. Attach the wheel wrench to the bolt on the end of the
jack and rotate the wrench clockwise toraise the jack
head a few inches.
1. Use the wheel wrench to loosen the wheel nuts, b u t
don’t remove them.
5-28
3. Put the jack into a notch in the frame which is
located near each wheel well. The front notch is
10 inches (25 cm) back from the front wheel well.
The rear notch is 8 inches (25 cm) forward from the
rear wheel well.
Getting undera vehicle when itis jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack,you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
4. Position the jack and raise the jack head until it fits
firmly on the ridge in the vehicle’s frame nearest the
flat tire. Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact
spare tire near you.
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift
head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
5-29
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
I
5. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise inthe jack. Raise the vehicle far enough
so there’s enough room for thespare tire to fit.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-30
I
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make thewheel nuts
become loose aftera time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When
you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to thevehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to
use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to getall the rust or
dirt off.
' A CAUTION:
8. Place the spare on the
wheel mounting surface
and replace the wheel
nuts with the rounded
10. Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel
wrench counterclockwiseon the jack. Lower
the jack completely.
9. Make sure each wheel stud is centered in each wheel
hole while tightening the nuts. Tighten each
nut by
hand until the wheel is held against hub.
the
5-31
11. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a criss-cross
sequence.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
To avoid
brake pulsation and rotor damage.
expensive brake repairs,evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk
until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause thewheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correctwheel nuts. If youhave
to replace them,be sure to getnew GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soonas you can and have the
nuts tightened witha torque wrench to100 lb-ft
(140 N-m).
5-32
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to put wheel
a
cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing theFlatTireandTools
A CAUTION:
Store the flat
tire as far
forward
in
the
trunk as possible.
Store the jack and
wheel wrench in theirbox in the trunk
on the passenger’s side.
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire
on your vehicle,
you’ll needto store the flat tirein your trunk.Use the
following procedureto secure the flat tirein the trunk.
5-33
Storing the SDare Tire and Tools
3
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehiclecould
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment couldstrike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
2
The compactspare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” later in this section. See
the storing instructions label toreplace your compact
spare intoyour trunk properly.
1. Jack
2. Wheel Wrench
3. Wing Bolt
4. Tire
5. Cover
6. Bolt
5-34
1
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a
time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should
be 60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
spare is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distancesup to 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s
best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon
as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good
shape in case you need it again.
I NOTICE:
When the compact spareis installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic
vehicle wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get
caught on therails. That can damage the tire and
wheel, and maybe other partsof your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spareon other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
I NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-35
I
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. Themethod known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
’
-
~
NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts
of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
I
1CA-JTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or otherscould be injured. And,
the transaxle or other parts
of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheelsas little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-36
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn the system off. (See
“Traction Control System” in the Index.) Then shift
back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward
gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release
the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly
on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTES
5-37
k%
5-38
NOTES
1
Section 6 ServiceandAppearanceCare
Here you will find information about the care
of your Buick.This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it showshow to check important fluidand lubricant levels. Thereis also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-7
6-10
6- 14
6-16
6-19
6-22
6-23
6-24
6-25
6-28
6-29
6-38
6-3 8
6-46
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Air Cleaner
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
6-47
6-49
6-49
6-50
6-5 1
6-52
6-52
6-52
6-53
6-54
6-54
6-55
6-6 1
6-6 1
6-62
6-62
6-62
6-62
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
Cleaning Tires
Sheet Metal Damage
Finish Damage
Appearance Care Materials Chart
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Engine Specifications
Normal Maintenance ReplacementParts
Vehicle Dimensions
6-1
Service
Your Buick dealer knows your vehiclebest and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your
dealer forall your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM
parts and GM-trained and supportedservice people.
We hope you’llwant to keep.yourGM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one
of these marks:
B
n
W
Delco
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do someof your own service work, you’ll
want to get theproper Buick Service Manual. It tells
you
much more about how to service your Buick than this
manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
6-2
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do yourown service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Buick”in the Index.
You should keep arecord with all parts receipts and list
the mileageand the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in
the Index.
A C1*UTIO”:
You can be injured and yourvehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work aon
vehicle without knowing enough aboutit.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools beforeyou attempt anyvehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners canbe easily confused.If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Checkwith
your Buick dealer before adding equipment to the
outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications
ASTM D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specificationshave been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) forbetter vehicle performance
and engineprotection. Gasolines meetingthe AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise
when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engineneeds service.
But don’tworry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or drivingup a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knockthat means
you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certifiedto meet CaliforniaEmission
Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label), it
is designed to operateon fuels that meet California
specifications. If such fuels are not availablein states
adopting California emissions standards,your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on
your instrumentpanel may turn on and/or your vehicle
may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Buick dealer for diagnosisto determine the
cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the
cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
6-3
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT);
ask your service station operator whether or not his fuel
contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the
use of such gasolines. If fuels containing MMT are used,
spark plug life may be reduced and your emission
control system performance may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
Buick dealer for service.
I NOTICE:
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
help clean the air. General Motors recommends that you
use these gasolines if they comply with the
specifications described earlier.
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada,the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’tbe covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors International Product Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L l H 8P7
6-4
Your vehicle was notdesigned for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuelsystem and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
I
A CAUTION:
I
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re neargasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s sideof
your vehicle.
6-5
I
I a CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself
and then
something ignitesit, you could be badlyburned.
Gasoline can spray outon you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likelyin
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any66hiss’s noise
to stop. Then unscrew
the capall the way.
Because you have the (L36) 3800 v6
your
be
tethered
and
you
cannot
hang
it
on
the inside
cap
will
- - fuel door while refueling.
To take off the cap, turn it slowlyto the left
(counterclockwise).
6-6
Be careful notto spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaningthe
Outside of your~ ~ iin the
~ Index.
r ’
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap.The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap hasbeen left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate intothe
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp”in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for
you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not
fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp”in
the Index.
Checking Things Under the Hood
An electric fan under the hood can start
up and
injure you even when the engineis not running.
Keep hands, clothing andtools away from any
underhood electric fan.
Things that burn can
get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plasticor rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop orspill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
6-7
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the hood release handle
inside the vehicle. It is next
to the parking brake pedal
near the floor.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and pull up on the
secondary hood release. The hood latch is under the
hood, near the center, and at the front edge of the grille.
Lift up on the lever as you lift up on the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly. Then just pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-8
3800 Series I1 Engine (L36 - Code K)
When you open the hood, you’ll see:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
Battery
Radiator Pressure Cap
Engine Oil Dipstick
E. Engine Oil Fill Cap
F. Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Dipstick
G. Brake Master Cylinder
H. Air Cleaner
I. Windshield WasherFluid
Reservoir
6-9
Engine Oil
CHECK
OIL LEVEL
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL
light on the instrument panel
comes on, it means you need
to check your engine oil level
right away.
For more infomation, see “Check Oil Level Light”in the
Index. You should check your engine oil level regularly;
this is an added reminder. It’s a good idea to check your
engine oil every time you get fuel. In order to get an
accurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle
must be on level ground.
6-10
The engine oil dipstick is
right behind the engine fans
and in front of the engine
oil fill cap. The top of the
dipstick is a round,
yellow loop.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Checking Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
The engine oil fill cap is behind the engine oil dipstick
and engine fans.
I
I
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (APT). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
When to Add Oil
If the oil is ator below the ADD mark, then you’ll need to
add at least one quartof oil. But you mustuse the right
kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in
the Index.
I NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil levelgets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
I
A
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbolon the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-11
I
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
.
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
HOT
WEATHER
As shown in the chart, SAE low-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE SW-30 if it’s going
to be colder than 60°F ( 16”C) before your next oil
change. When it’s very cold, you should use SAE
5W-30. These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils,
such as SAE 20W-SO.
NOTICE:
t
80-
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
- +27
t 60 :--- + 16
+40--+4
t20---7
0----18
SAE 5W-30
.
--
- I
,
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50OR ANY
OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-12
GM Goodwrench@oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20°F (-29”C), consider using either an SAE SW-30
synthetic oil or an SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Buick dealer is
ready to advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these is true for you,use the short trip/city
maintenance schedule:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling(such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
0
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier ontop of
your vehicle.
0
The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engineoil to
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first. (See “ChangeOil Indicator” in the Index.)
If none of them is true, use the long triphighway
maintenance schedule. Changethe oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions causes engineoil to
break down slower.
(See “Change Oil Indicator” in the Index.)
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or intostreams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
6-13
Air Cleaner
The air cleaner and filter areon the driver’s sideof the
engine compartment.
2. Remove the screws on the air cleaner housing cover.
1. Remove the Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
cover that is located to the driver’s side of the air
cleaner assembly. Unscrew the retaining screws and
remove the PCM cover.
6-14
4. Replace the airfilter.
3. Remove the air intake hose that is snapped over the
throttle bodyby pulling the hose upward and
away
5. Reinstall the rear sectionof the air cleaner.
from the throttle body which is located near the top
6. Reattach the air intakehose by snapping it back onto
of the engine.After detaching the hose from the
the throttlebody.
throttle body, pull back the entire rear
portion of the
air cleaner by pulling upwardand rearward.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace theair filter.
See "Scheduled MaintenanceServices" in the Index.
6-15
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
~~
~
~~~~
Operating the engine with the air cleaner
off can
cause you or others tobe burned. The air cleaner
not only cleans the air, it stops flame
if the engine
backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be careful working on the engine with
the air cleaneroff.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner
is off, a backfire can causea
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, whichwill damage it. Always
have the air cleaner in place when
you’re driving.
I
6-16
When to Check and Change
A good time tocheck your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engineoil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
0
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90 “F (32”C) orhigher.
0
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
0
When doing frequent trailer towing.
0
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
I
How to Check
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your Buick dealership
Service Department.
0
While pulling a trailer.
If you do it yourself, be sure to followall the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading on
the dipstick.
NOTICE:
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C
to 93 " C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C), you may have
to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
0
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
0
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checkingthe transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
0
At high speed for quite a while.
6-17
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
1. The transaxle fluid
dipstick top is a
round loop and is
next to the brake
master cylinder
behind the engine
block. Pull out the
dipstick and wipe it
with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
6-18
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must bein the cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid touse. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants’’ in the Index.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Engine Coolant
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level intothe cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
x
The cooling 5 stem in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOL’ extended life coolant.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less
than one
pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfiill.
I
NOTICE:
1
The following explains your coolingsystem and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and DEX-COOL@
coolant will:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON@-111,because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage-caused by fluid other than DEXRON-111
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
0
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
I
0
Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.
6-19
I
~
fi CAUTION:
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important thatyou use
only DEX-COOL’ (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other thanDEX-COOL’ is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant willrequire change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage causedby the use
of coolant other thanDEX-COOL@is not
covered by your new vehiclewarranty.
--
L
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) andone-half DEX-COOL@coolant which
won’t damage aluminum parts.If you use this mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
Adding onlyplain water to yourcooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set for the proper
coolant mix. With
plain water or the wrong mix,your engine could
get toohot but you wouldn’t getthe overheat
warning. Your engine couldcatch fire andyou or
others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL@ coolant.
NOTICE:
Checking Coolant
If you usean improper coolant mix, your engine
could overheat and be badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn't be covered by
your
warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze
and crack theengine, radiator, heatercore and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four
times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling
system.
NOTICE:
If you usethe propercoolant, you don't have to
add extra inhibitorsor additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should
be at
FULL COLD or a littlehigher. When your engine is
warm, the level should beup to FULL HOT or a
little higher.
6-21
I
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spillit.
I
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can
allow steam and
scalding liquids toblow out and burnyou badly.
With the coolant recovery tank,
you will almost
never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure capeven a
little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
--
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol,
and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolantloss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line upwith the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure cap, an AC@
cap is recommended.
6-22
Thermostat
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops
the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate aproblem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering reservoir is located below the
generator and behind the accessory drive belt toward the
rear of the engine.
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, wipe the cap and
the top of the reservoir clean, then unscrew the cap and
wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and
completely tighten it. Then removethe cap again and
look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up to
the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants’’ in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-23
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use afluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
6-24
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system.Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full whenit’s very cold. This
allows for expansionif freezing occurs,
which could damage the tankif it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer.It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work
at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off”’your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have toomuch
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTbd:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. Thefirst is that the brake
.fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The. other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on the
is hot
engine. The fluid will burn if the engine
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid t‘alls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. A chime will sound if you
try to drive with this warning light on. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
6-25
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme l l @(GM Part
No. 12377967). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
NOTICE:
0
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the capbefore removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
0
With the wrong kindof fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work
well, or they
may not even workat all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just
a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not tospill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash itoff
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake W e v
Your Buick has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn
and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicleis moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
A CAUTION:
The brake wearwarning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well.That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditionsor climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This doesnot mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
See “Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection”in
Section 7 of this manual under Part C “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections.”
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM specifications.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, butif
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums should
be removed and inspected each time the tires are removed
for rotation or changing. When you have the front brakes
replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection”in Section 7 of this
manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections”.
6-27
Brake Pedal Travel
Battery
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Every new Buick has a Delco Freedom@battery. You
never have to add water to one of these. When it’s time
for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
GM brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle
for 25 days or more,
take off the black, negative(-) cable from the battery.This
will help keep your battery from runningdown.
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badlyhurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system,see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature’’ in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the bulb types tobe used in the following
procedures, see “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index.
This procedure is for both the driver’s and passenger’s
side headlamps.
Halogen Bulbs
Halogen bulbs have pressurizedgas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Besure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. Use a 10 mrn hex socket to remove two bolts
retaining the headlamp assembly.
6-29
2. Slide the headlamp outboarduntil the pins are loose.
3. Remove the headlamp assembly toaccess the bulbs.
6-30
4. Rotate the bulbretainer counterclockwise to remove
the bulbassembly.
5. f i l l the tabs away from the bulb base to remove
the
bulb from the retainer.
6. Push the new bulb straight ontothe retainer.
7. Reverse these steps to replace the bulb assembly.
6-31
Front Turn Signal
Trunk Mounted Back-up and Taillamps
The frontturn signal bulbs can be accessed from under
the front of the vehicle. Reach up from under the vehicle
and, while pushing in the tab on the bulb assembly, turn
assembly counterclockwise and remove. Remove the old
bulb by pulling it straight out of the retainer. Replace the
bulb and turn the bulb assembly back into place.
Cornering Lamps
Follow the same procedure as used for replacing the
headlamps. However, to remove the cornering lamp
bulb, turn the bulb assembly counterclockwise and pull
the bulb straight out.
1. Loosen and remove the eight fasteners (four per
side) that hold the assembly in place. The assembly
for both sides is one piece. The entire piece must be
removed to replace any bulbs.
6-32
2. Pull out the assembly.
3. Push in the tab and turn the bulb assembly
counterclockwise to remove it.
6-33
4. Remove the old bulb by pulling it straight out.
6-34
5 . Replace the bulb and reverse the steps to install the
new bulb assembly.
Rear Turn Signals
1. Open the trunk. Pull the carpet away from the rear
area to access the turn signal bulb assembly.
2. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter turn
counterclockwise, while pressing it firmly.
3. Pull the bulb socket straight out of the assembly.
4. Remove the old bulb by pulling it straight out.
5. Replace with a new bulb by pushing the bulb straight
into the socket until the bulb clicks into place.
6. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter turn into the
assembly to lock it back into place.
Headlamp Aiming
Your vehicle has the composite headlamp system. These
headlamps have horizontal and vertical aim indicators.
The aim has been pre-set at the factory and should need
no further adjustment.
If your vehicle is damagedin an accident and the
headlamp aim seems to be affected, see your Buick
dealer. Headlamps on damaged vehicles may require
recalibration of the horizontal aim by your Buick dealer.
To check the aim, the vehicle should be properly
prepared as follows:
The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
level surface.
The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
There should not be any cargo or loading of the
vehicle, except it should have a full tank of gas and
one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on the driver’s seat.
Tires should be properly inflated.
The horizontal indicator should read “0.”
NOTICE:
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
State inspection stations will allow a vertical reading of
plus 0.76 degrees orminus 0.76 degrees from the center
of the bubble.
6-35
2. Locate the headlamp
aiming screwthat is
under the hood.
3. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the bubble
inside the level is centered at zero
“0”.
4. After the vertical aim is correct, checkthe horizontal
aim for each headlamp
and adjust as necessary. Turn
the horizontal aiming screw until
the end of the
screw aligns with the
zero “0”.
5. Re-check the verticalaim to make sure it remains
correct after the horizontal aim adjustment.
Adjust as necessary.
6-37
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Your new Buick comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Buick Warranty booklet for details.
r--I
I
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed indifferent ways. Here’s how to remove the
type with a release clip:
1. Pull the windshield wiperarm away from the windshield.
2. Push down on the release clip with a screwdriver and
pull the blade assembly off the wiper ann.
3. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm.
For thecorrect windshield wiper blade replacement
length and type, see “Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts” in the Index.
6-38
Poorly maintainedand improperly usedtires
are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a resultof too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
NOTICE:
0
0
Underinflated tires pose the same danger
as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure shouldbe checked
when your tires arecold.
Overinflated tires are morelikely to be cut,
punctured or brokenby a sudden
impact such as when you hita pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your
tread is badly worn, orif your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
--
0
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the
rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
1 mile ( 1.6 kmj.
three hours or driven no more .-,
Don’t let anyonetell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get thefollowing:
Too much flexing
0 Too much heat
0 Tire overloading
Badwear
Badhandling
0 Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too muchair (overinfla.tion),
you can get thefollowing:
Unusualwear
0 Bad handling
0 Rough ride
0 Needless damage from road hazards.
6-39
When to Check
Check your tires once a month more.
or
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should beat
60 psi (420 kPa).
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
I
L
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tiresare properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tiresmay look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaksby keeping outdirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
or
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires
wheels. See “WhenIt’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in
this section for
more information.
The purposeof regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on thevehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
6-40
When rotating your tires, always usethe correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire
in your tire rotation.
After the tires havebeen rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label.Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “WheelNut Torque’’ in
the Index.
A CAUTION:
,
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts towhich
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could comeoff and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirtfrom places where the wheel
attaches to thevehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; butbe
sure to use a scraper orwire brush later, if you
off. (See
need to, to get all the rust or dirt
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell whenit’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tireif any of the following statements
are true:
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because
of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-42
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tiresof different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not
handle properly, andyou could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to yourvehicle. Be sure touse the same
size and type tires on all
wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed foruse on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
The following informationrelates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread,winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-productiontires.
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
( 1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction
-- A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are A, B,
and C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified governmenttest surfaces of asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning)traction.
6-43
Temperature
-- A, B,
The temperature grades areA (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C comesponds to a levelof performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for atire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed,underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can causeheat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
6-44
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smoothroad, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose,the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
Buick dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your
Buick model.
Used Replacement Wheels
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on yourvehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling
of your
vehicle, make your tireslose air and makeyou
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or otherscould be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
-~
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. I t could fail suddenly
and cause anaccident. If you have to replacea
wheel, use a new GM original equipmentwheel.
.~
I NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and
chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
6-45
Tire Chains
I NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and
only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper
size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Driveslowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions.If you can hear the
chains contacting yourvehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues,slow down until it
stops. Driving too fastor spinning the wheels
with chains onwill damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
6-46
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never- use these to clean your vehicle:
0
Gasoline
Benzene
0
Naphtha
0
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
0
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
0
Bleach
0
Reducing Agents
I
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Use a vacuum cleaner often toget rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Buick dealer has two cleaners, a solvent-type spot
lifter and a foam-type powderedcleaner. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. Do not use them on
vinyl or leather.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. Don’t
saturate the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleanedthe section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
6. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
7. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel
or cloth.
Here are some cleaningtips:
8. Dry it immediately with a blow dryer.
1. Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
2. Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
3. Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change toa clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
4. Use solvent-type cleanersin a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
5. If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
9. Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
water and mild soap.
If you need to use a solvent:
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch orwelt lines.
1. Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper.
2. Use very little cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths
(preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning shouldstart at the
outside of the stain, “feathering” toward the center.
3. Keep changing to a clean section of the cloth.
3. Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the
directions on the container label.
4. When you cleana stain from fabric, immediately dry the
area with a blow dryer to help preventa cleaning ring.
Using Foam-Type Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
6-47
Special Cleaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Follow the solvent-type instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a waterbaking soda solution: 1
teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) of
lukewarm water.
4. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream,mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can beremoved as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Shoe polish,wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left
on a vehicle’s seat fabric. They should be removed as
soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner will
dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry.
Non-Greasy Stains
Use warm water and a cleancloth.
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice, milk,soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
be removed as follows:
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you
don’t get themoff quickly. Use a clean cloth and a
vinyljeather cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
1 . Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
6-48
3. If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, letthe
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry
e For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer forthis product.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniturepolish or shoe polishon leather.
Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing siliconesor
waxes may cause annoying reflectionsin the windshield
and even make it difficult to see throughthe windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of SafetyBelts
Keep belts clean and dry.
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it.
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smokeand dust filmson
interior glass.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners areused on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger elementmay be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
6-49
I
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean theoutside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon Ami@Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Thenrinse the blade with water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
Check the wiper blades and clean themas necessary;
replace blades, that look worn.
High pressure vehicle washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Weatherstrips
Cleaning Exterior LampsLenses
Silicone grease onweatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone greasewith a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.)
6-50
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a liquid
hand, dish or vehicle washing (mild detergent) soap to
clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow instructions
under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Buick by
hand may be necessary to remove residue fromthe paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Careand Materials”
in the Index.)
Your Buick has a “basecoat/clearcoat”paint finish. The
clearcoat gives moredepth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe forpainted surfxes to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical falloutthat can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your Buick garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
(If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar tothe painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaningbrushes on them because you could
damage the surface.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic vehicle
wash that has silicon carbide tire cleaningbrushes.
These brushes can also damage the surface of
these wheels.
6-51
Cleaning Tires
Underbody Maintenance
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off anyoverspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the bodyor wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips,fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a majorrepair expense.
Minor chipsand scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
6-52
At least every spring, tlush thesematerials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debriscan collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
MBER
I .
PART
6-53
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th characterin your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
I1.11
@
111 111111 11.
11111111 111111111111111.11111 1
1
-
Service Parts Identification Label
* ““LE4UXVM072675
7 \ ASSEMBLY
ENGINE A
9
7
CODE
MODEL YEAR
PLANT
This isthe legal identifier for yourBuick. It appears on
a plate in the front cornerof the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see itif you look through the
windshield from outside yourvehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
6-54
You’ll find this label on your spare tire cover. It’s very
helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:
0
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
0
paint information and
0
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal circuit
breaker. An electrical overload will cause the lamps to
go on and off, or in some cases to remain off. If this
happens, have your headlamp system checked
right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick
unless you check with yourdealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attemptingto
add anything electrical to your Buick, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick”in the Index.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, be sure to have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Accessories
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When thecurrent
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
6-55
Maxifuse/Relay Center
To check the fuses in this underhood fuse center, turn
the two knobs one-quarter turn counterclockwise and
loosen the metal wing nut on the passenger side of the
cover. Then remove the cover. The inside of the cover
has a chartthat explains the features and controls
governed by each fuseand relay.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combinationof fuses, circuitbreakers
and fusiblethermal links. Thisgreatly reduces the
chance of damage caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replacethe fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
6-56
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can “borrow” onethat has the same
amperage. Just pick some featureof your vehicle that
you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the driver’s
side and passenger’s side fuseblocks.
The driver’s side fuse block is to the left of the steering
wheel, under the instrument panel.
Snap off the cover to reveal the fuses. You’ll find a fuse
puller clipped to the inside of the cover. Place the wide
end of the fuse puller over theplastic end of the fuse.
Squeeze the ends over the fuse and pull it out.
Spare fuses are locatedin the slots labeled “Spare” on
the following chart.
When finished, replacethe cover by snapping it back up
into place.
Fuse
1
2
1
2
4
1
5
6
8
9
1
3
4
5
1A
2A
3A
4A
SA
6A
7A
8A
9A
1B
2B
3B
4B
6-58
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Power Seats Circuit Breaker
Not Used
Not Used
PASS-Key
Spare
Not Used
Not Used
Up-Level HVAC, ALM, Cruise
Control, Cluster
Courtesy Lamps, Power Mirrors
Not Used
Perimeter Lighting
Not Used
Turn Signal, Back-up Lamps, BTSI
Spare
Not Used
Not Used
Fuse
SB
6B
7B
8B
9B
1c
2c
3C
4c
sc
6C
7c
8C
9c
1D
2D
3D
4D
SD
Usage
Anti-Lock Brake System, Computer
Command Control
Brake and Hazard Lamps
Not Used
Interior Lighting
Cigarette Lighter
Air Bag System
Spare
Not Used
Not Used
Cooling Fans, Transaxle
Parking Lamps, Interior Lamps
Not Used
Parking Lamps
Radio, Cluster
Telltale, Chime, Cluster, RAC, LCM
Spare
Not Used
Not Used
Base A/C
Fuse
6D
7D
8D
9D
1E
2E
3E
4E
SE
6E
7E
8E
9E
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Radio
Not Used
Not Used
Air Bag System, PASS-Key
Not Used
Not Used
Rear Defog
Misc Engine Non-OBD I1
Not Used
Wipers, Washer
Not Used
Passenger’s Side Fuse Block
Additional fuses are located in the relay center, on the
passenger’s side, below the instrument panel. You must
remove the sound insulator on the right side of the
passenger footwell toreplace these fuses.
Since the replacement of these fuses can be difficult, we
recommend that you see your dealer forfuse replacement.
6-59
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
n o
0017
r---------l
I
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I
6-60
FUSE
POSITIONS
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
11
12
Usage
Door Locks
Trunk Release, RAC
Horns
Not Used
Miscellaneous Engine Controls
Fuel Pump
Injectors
Powertrain Control Module
Not Used
Not Used
A/C Programmer
Not Used
Capacities and Specifications
Replacement Bulbs
Outside Front
Lamps
Cornering Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Halogen Headlamps
Low-Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High-Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking/Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Outside Lamps
Back-up Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SidemarkerLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tail/Stop/Turn Signallamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulb
3 156
9006
9005
3357
3 156
194
194
3357
The following approximate capacitiesare given in
English and metric conversions. Pleaserefer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index for
more information.
Automatic Transaxle AT (Overdrive)
Pan Removal and Replacement . . . 6.5 quarts (6.I L)
After Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . . . 10 quarts (9.5 L)
When clminitt<qor replacing torque com?e~-to~;
rrm-efluid
nlay he neccled.
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 quarts ( 12.3 L)
EngineCrankcase . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
Oil d w l r g e M?ithJi‘lter change
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 gallons (68 L)
Tire Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Tire-Loading
Information label on driver’s door.
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 Ib-ft (140 Nem)
Refrigerant (R-l34a),
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . See refrigerant charge
label under the hood.
Note: All capacities are approximate. When adding,be
sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in
this manual.
6-61
I
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.If the
air conditioning system in yourvehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is
used. If
you’re not sure,ask your Buickdealer.
Engine Specifications
3800 Series I1 Engine (L36)
VIN Engine Code ...........................
K
Type ....................................
V6
Displacement ............................
3.8L
Horsepower ...........................
205-hp
FiringOrder ......................
1-6-5-4-3-2
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . 195°F (91OC)
6-62
Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts
Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A-1096C
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF-47
Transaxle Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part No. 865 1909
Windshield Wiper Blades
(Pin Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Inches (56 cm)
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ACType 41-921
Gap: 0.060 inch (1.52 mm)
Vehicle Dimensions
Length ....................
200 inches (508 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.6 inches (186.9 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.7 inches (141.5 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110.8 inches (28 1.4 cm)
Tread Width
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.4 inches (153.4 cm)
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.2 inches (152.9 cm)
L36 Engine AccesSQry Belt
The L36 engine uses an engine accessory belt. This
diagram shows the features connected and the routing.
See “Maintenance Schedule”in the Index for when to
check the belt.
B
A. Power Steering
F
B. Generator
C. Air Conditioning
D. Crank
E. Coolant Pump
c
E Tensioner
6-63
I
&
6-64
NOTES
I
@
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your Buick. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
Introduction
7-2
7-4
7-39
Maintenance
Services
Part A: Scheduled
Part B: OwnerChecks and Services
7-43
7-45
7-47
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-1
I
I
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGEAS
RECOMMENDED
7-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service departmentor another qualified
service centerdo these jobs.
Performing maintenance work on
a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured.Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what you
can easily do to help keep your vehiclein good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important inspections that your Buick dealer’s
service departmentor another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
lists
some products GM recommends to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do the work
yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record”provides a place for
you to record the maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
sure to write it down in this part. Thiswill help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is a good idea to keepyour maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehcle for
warranty repairs.
If you are skilled enough to do somework on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get the service
information GM publishes. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to helpyou keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we don’t know exactly
how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short distances
only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather.You may use your
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may driveit to work,
to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
7-4
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before youor anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle’’ in the Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Maintenance Schedule
I Short Trip/City Definition
I
Follow the Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule if any
one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercialapplication.
One of the reasonsyou slzould follow this scheduleif
you operate your vehicleunder-any of these conditiom
is that these conditions causeengine oil to break
dow~lsoonel:
Short Trip/City Intervals
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Chassis Lubrication
(or 6 months, whichever occurs first). Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
These intervalsonly summarize maiv1tenanc.e ser-vices.
Be suw to.follow the completen~aintenanceschedule on
the.following pages.
7-5
Maintenance Schedule
E
1 Long: Trip/Highwav Definition
~
Follow this maintenance schedule only if none of the
conditions from the ShortTrip/City Maintenance
Schedule is true. Do not use this schedule if the vehicle
is used for trailer towing, driven in a dusty area or used
off paved roads. Use the Short Trip/City schedule for
these conditions.
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Tire Rotation.
Driving a vehicle with afully warmed engine underhighway conditions causes engineoil to break
down slower:
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (orevery 60 months, whichever occurs first).
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete maintenance scheduleon
the following pages.
I
7-6
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(. 166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
( 166 000 kmj at the same intervals.The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 kmj.
See “Owner Checksand Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
-1The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
(12 500 km)since your last oil change. Under
severe conditions, the indicator may come on before
3,000 miles ( 5 000 kmj. Never drive your vehicle more
than 7,500 miles (12 500 kmjor 12 months, (whichever
occurs first),without an oil change.
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area be sure to change your oil every
3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) orsooner if the CHANGE OIL
light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil Life Monitor
when the oil has been changed. For more information,
see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” in the Index.
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance itemwill not nullify the
emission waranty or limit recall liability prior to the
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
completion of the vehicle‘s useful life. We, however, urge
rotation. See “Brake SystemInspection“ under “Periodic
that all recommended maintenance services be performed at Maintenance Inspection’’ in Part C of this schedule.
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
++ If you drive in a highly corrosive environment, your
# Lubricate the suspension and steering linkage,
brake calipers may require additional inspection and
transaxle shift linkage, parking brake cable guidesand
service, at every other tire rotation. See
underbody contact points.
“Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
* If your vehicle has an Engine Oil Life Monitor, the
this schedule.
monitor will show you when to change the oil -- usually
between 3,000 miles ( 5 000 kmj and 7,500 miles
I
Shurt Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A n Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emissior? Contrvl Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
9,000 Miles (15000 km)
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
17 Change engine oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in theIndex for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote++.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote*.)
t
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY: I
7-9
I
I
ShortTriplCityMaintenanceSchedule
I 18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
AI?Emissiorz Contr-01Ser-\lice. (See footnote *.)
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Enlissiorl C o m d SeI*~~icc.
(See footnote?.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A I IEnIissiou Corltl-olService. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
I
7-10
1
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED B Y 1
1
Short Trip/CityMaintenance Schedule
I
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
[I3 Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Contrd Service. (See footnote *.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Enoissio~?Coutrd Sen;ice. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
~
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
~~
SERVICED B Y
7-11
1
ShortTrip/CityMaintenance Schedule
I
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emissiorl C o m d SenYce. (See footnote *.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A17 Emission Control Sonice. (See footnote * .)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Replace air cleaner filter.
A I IEmissiou Co1lt1-01
Ser-\*icc.
DATE
7-12
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
1
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A n EnzissioM Corztrol Service. (See footnote *.)
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote T.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
I
I
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
1
I
BY
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
(SERVICEDB Y I
7-13
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
36.000 Miles (60 000 km)
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
DATE
ACTUAL
/ -14
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emissior~Control Service. (See footnote* .)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Enzissiou Colwol Service. (See footnote *.)
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. AHEmissiot1 Control Service.
(See footnote?.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
7-15
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change automatic transaxlefluid and filter
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in theIndex for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
if the vehicle is mainlydriven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches90 O F
(32 O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
q y o u do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, thefluid andfilterdo not require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A n Emissior? Contr.01Service. (See footnote *.)
An Emission Comol Service. (See footnote
*.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
DATE
SERVICED B Y
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED B Y
I
7-17
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Inspect engine accessorydrive belt.
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
I
1
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
Short Trip/City MaintenanceSchedule
I
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Enj.issiorz C o m o l Service. (See footnote?.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
0Change engine oil and filter (or
every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Contrd Service. (See footnote * .)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY: I
7-19
I
ShortTrip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
69,000 Miles (115 000km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Ser-vice. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
c]Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
DATE
7-20
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A77 Emission Control Service. (See footnote * .)
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Serlyice. (See footnote *.)
I J Lubricate chassis components(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
A J Emission
~
Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Inspect air cleaner filterif you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filterif
necessary. An Enzissio~lControl Service.
(See footnote?.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-21
I ShortTrip/City Maintenance Schedule I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
DATE
7-22
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emissior.1 Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
[7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Ail Enlission Corn-ol Sm+c.e. (See footnote * .)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
7-23
Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
c7 Inspect fuel tank, cap and
lines for dama
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote T.)
(7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
I
7-24
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
1
SERVICED BY:
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
93,000 Miles (155000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (orevery
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
I
96,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter(or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whicheveroccurs first).
(See footnote#.)
CI Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote+.) (Also see footnote++.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-25
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
99,000 Miles (145 000 km)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Inspect spark plug wires.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission C o m d Service. (See footnote *.)
AI?Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Cont~olService.
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32 O C) or higher.
7-26
1
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
-
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system
(or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
cooling system and pressure cap.
A11 Emission Corm-ol Set-vice.
7-27
Long Trip/Hie;hway Maintenance Schedule
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals.The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240000 km)should be performed at
000 km).
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
(12 500 km)since your lastoil change. Under
severe conditions, the indicator may come
on before
3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more
than,7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months without an
oil change.
The system won’t detect dust
in the oil.So if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 km)or soonerif the CHANGEOIL
light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil Life Monitor
when the oil has been changed. For more information,
see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” in the Index.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Boardhas determined that the
failure to perform
this maintenance item will not nulhfy the
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
rotation.
See “Brake System Inspection” under “Periodic
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however, urge
that all recommended maintenance services be performed at Maintenance Inspections” in PartC of this schedule.
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded. ++ If you drive in a highly corrosive environment, your
brake calipers may require additional inspection and
# Lubricate the suspension and steering linkage,
transaxle shift linkage, parking brake cable guides and service, at every other tire rotation. See
“Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection” under
underbody contact points.
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections”in Part C of
* If your vehicle has an Engine Oil Life Monitor, the this schedule.
monitor will show you when to change oil
the-- usually
between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)and 7,500 miles
I
T
long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
/,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
12 months,whichever occurs first).
An Emission C o m o l Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
12 months,whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Senice. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
12 months,whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-29
I LongTriplHighwayMaintenanceSchedule 1
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (orevery
12 months, whichever occurs first).
AI?Enlissiorl Corn-01 Scwic-e. (See footnote * .)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
12 months, whichever occurs first).
A17 E I ~ ~ S SCorn-ol
~ O I I Service. (See footnote * .)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
I
DATE
7-30
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED BY:
I
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
37,50.0Miles (62 500 km)
0Replace air cleaner filter.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
An E?nission Contr-01Senice.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket forany
damage. Replace parts as needed.
AI?E?.nission Corm-olService. (See footnote3.)
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
12 months, whichever occurs first).
Ai1 En~issionContml Sor-viw. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
!SERVICED B Y I
7-31
Long TriplHighway Maintenance Schedule
m
,
m
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
(7 Change
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote+.) (Also see footnote++.)
automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches90 O F
(32 O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as foundin taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you donot use your vehicle under anyof these
conditions, thefluid andfilter do
not require changing.
~
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
LongTriplHighwayMaintenanceSchedul’e
I
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission C o m d Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspectionand
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
12 months, whichever occurs first).
A n Enlission Comol Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index forproper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An EnlissioM Cont~-01
Service.
I
DATE
I
1
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY.
(Continued)
7-33
1 Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0Replace air cleaner filter.
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
An Emission Control Service.
C
l Inspect fuel tank, cap and
linesfor damage
or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whicheveroccurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
1
I
LongTrip/HighwayMaintenanceSchedule
I
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0Change
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
AI^ Emission Colm-olService. (See footnote ?)
Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An En~issionContl-olService. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rota.tion
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
1
I
I
I
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED B Y
I
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0Lubricate chassis components (orevery
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
Replace aircleaner filter.
or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasketfor any
damage. Replaceparts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-36
BY:
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
1
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
0Inspect spark plug wires.
12 months, whichever occurs first).
AI?Emission Control Service. (See footnote * .)
0Lubricate chassis components(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
An Emission Control Senire.
0Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 OF
(32°C) or higher.
SERVICED B Y
(Continued)
7-37
I
I
b
I
Long TriplHighway Maintenance Schedule
100,000 Miles (166 000 km) (Continued)
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
-
I
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system
(or every60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index
for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the
cooling system and pressure cap.
If you do not useyour vehicle under any of these
conditions, thefluid andfilterdo not requirechanging.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
I
7-38
I
SERVICED BY:
MILEAGE
I
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Listed below are owner checksand services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shownin
Part D.
At Least Once a Month
At Each Fuel Fill
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
See “Tires” in the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Engine Oil Level Check
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems”in the Index
for further details.
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
7-39
At Least Twice a Year
At Least Once a Year
Restraint System Check
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Make surethe safety belt reminder lightand all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replaceblade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transaxle” in the Index. A fluid loss may
indicate a problem. Check the system and repair
if needed.
7-40
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges
and latches, including those for the hood, glove box
door and console door. Part D tells you what to use.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
Starter Switch Check
When you are doing this check, thevehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Filmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake’’ in the Index if necessary) and the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If
the starter works in any other position, your vehicle
needs service.
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Par%ng Brake‘“
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI
needs service.
7-41
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and
Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill,with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
To check the parking brake's holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism's holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
8
8
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or otherscould be
injured and propertycould be damaged. Make
sure thereis roomin front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake atonce should the vehicle begin to move.
7-42
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed below are inspections and serviceswhich should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each
spring and fall). You should let your GM dealer’s
service departmentor other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure anynecessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a GM service manual. See “Serviceand Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, looseor missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up,binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Cleanand then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage,tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system.Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditionswhich could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes intothe vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”in
the Index.
Radiator and Heater Hose Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated.Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed.
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding,
and for damage ormissing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any cables that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise
control cables.
7-43
~~
~
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditions result in frequent braking.
CalipedKnuckle Maintenance Inspection
If you operate your vehicle in a highly corrosive
environment, as indicated by the shaded areas on the
map following this text, your vehicle may require
additional brake service. Refer to the appropriate GM
Service Bulletin for the proper caliper inspection
procedure. As necessary, caliper pins and knuckle brake
pad abutments should be lubricated at every other tire
rotation. Also, see your GM dealer's service department
or qualified service center for additional information.
7-44
I
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from your
GM dealer.
USAGE
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI # 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM
Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON@-I11Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Pur ose lubricant,
Superlube(GM Part
No. 1234624 1 or equivalent).
Engine Oil
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled)and GM
Goodwrench‘ DEX-COOL“ or
Havoline@ DEX-COOL@
(silicate-free) antifreeze. See
“Engine Coolant” in the Index.
@
k
7-45
~~~
~
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI # 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-pu ose lubricant,
%
Superlube (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate lubricant aerosol (GM
Part No. 12346293 or equivalent)
or lubricantmeeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
See “Replacement Parts’’ in the Index for recommended
replacement filters and spark plugs.
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed,record the
date, odometer- reading and who performed the service
in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checksand
Services’’ or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient placeto store them.
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
DATE
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
..
~~~
7-47
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-48
I
ODOMETER
READING
I
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
7-49
Maintenance Record
I
DATE
7-50
I
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
I
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you will find out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistancefor Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
Roadside Assistance
Canadian.Roadside Assistance
Courtesy Transportation
GM Participation in an Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
8-9
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects tothe
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
Ordering Service and Owner Pubfi.&w
in Canada
8-1
.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Buick dealers have the facilities, trained technicians and
up-to-date information to promptly address any
concerns you may have. However, if a concern has not
been resolved to your complete satisfaction, take the
following steps:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the Sales, Service orParts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
General Manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Relations Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
For help outside of the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135
(English) or 1-800-75 1-4136 (Spanish)
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0 122
In all other Caribbean countries: (809) 763- 1315
In other overseas locations, call GM International
Product Center in Canada at: (905) 644-4 112.
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
8-3
For prompt assistance, please havethe following
information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title,
or the plate a t
the top leftof the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Buick, address your inquiryto:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1 H 8P7
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for addressesof GM
Overseas offices.
When contacting Buick, please rememberthat your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer’s fkcilities, equipment and personnel. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One firstif you
have a concern.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hardof hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available atits Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Roadside Assistance
Our commitment toBuick owners has always included
superior service through our network of 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Premium Roadside Assistance provides
an extra measureof convenience and security.
Buick Premium Roadside Assistance:
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to serviceprofessionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24 hours a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For details on Buick Premium RoadsideAssistance,
please consultyour Buick Premium Roadside Assistance
owner booklet included with your owner’s manual. For
needed assistance, callthe Buick Premium Roadside
Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-252-1 112.
Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Premium
Roadside Assistance to customers for vehicles covered
under the 3 year/36,000 mile (60 000 km) new car
warranty (whichever occurs first).
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
8-5
i
Courtesy Transportation
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service -- and
service means “keepingyou on the road.”
Included with your Buick new car warranty
(3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km), whichever occurs
first), is Courtesy Transportation, a program which will
provide Buick retail customers with:
0
0
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy of
Buick Motor Division, for up to five days for
vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also,
reimbursement up to $30 a day (five days maximum)
may be available for the cost of a rental car, bus or
even acab.
A free one-way shuttle rideup to 10 miles (16 km)
from the dealership is available forcustomers whose
vehicles require same-day warranty repairs.
Courtesy Transportation is Buick’s way of extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect from Buick
and its 3,000 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glove box card contained in your vehicle,
or consult your Buick dealer fordetails.
Some stateinsurance regulations make it impractical to
rent vehicles to people under 21 years of age. If you are
under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Buick
will reimburse you up to $3O/day, for any documented
transportation you receive. Please consult your dealer
for details.
For warranty repairs during the Complete Vehicle
Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
interim transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation program. Please consult your
dealer for details. TheCourtesy Transportation program
is available only in the United States and Canada.
In Canada, please consult your GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
8-6
GM Participation in an Alternative
Dispute Resolution Program
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
settle automotive disputes. This programis available
free of charge to customers who currently own or lease a
GM vehicle.
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Canadian owners referto your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
information on the Canadian MotorVehicle Arbitration
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the BBB using
Plan (CAMVAP). General Motors reservesthe right to
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
change eligibility limitations and/orto discontinue its
.following address:
participation in this program.
BBB AUTO LINE
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed
Council of Better Business Bureaus. Inc.
to making sure you are completely satisfied with
4200 Wilson Boulevard
your new vehicle. Our experience has shown that,
Suite 800
if a situation arises where you feel your concern
Arlington. VA 22203- 1804
has not been adequately addressed. the Customer
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
Satisfaction Procedure described earlierin this
section is very successful.
To file a claim,you will be asked to provide your name
and address. your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
There may be instances wherean impartial third party
and a statement of the nature of your complaint.
can assist i n arriving at a solution to a disagreement
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretationof the New
other
factors.
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Buick voluntarily participatesin BBB
AUTO LINE.
8-7
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary. If
this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will
be scheduled where eligible customers may present their
case to an impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire dispute resolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days fromthe
time you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-955-7300.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
wdshington, D.C. area) orwrite to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Wuhington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
8-8
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediate-lynotify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, OntarioK l G 3J2
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL 1H 8P7
Ordering Service and Owner
Publications in Canada
Service manuals, service bulletins,owner’s manuals and
other service literature are available for purchase for all
current and past model General Motors vehicles.
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
8-9
1997 BUICK SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERINGINFORMATION
The followingpublications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book
and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, incorporated (address below.)
i
PUBLICATIONS
CURRENT
FOR 1997 BUCK
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have thediagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$90.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
1997 GMtransmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$40.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$1 5.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motorscars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated P.O. Box 07130 Detroit, MI 48207
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manualonly.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model nameof the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-Mastercard-Discover)
I
I
I
!
~
ORDER TOLL FREE
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-782-4356
(Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM EST)
FAX Orders Onlv 1-313-865-5927
11
Orders will be mailed within 10,days of receipt. Please allow ade UE :e time for postal
service. If further mformation IS needed, wrlte to the address s o vn below or call
1-800-782-4356.Material cannot be returned for credit without packil g slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
aaainst
the oriainal order.
"
q7
Y
PRICE
MODEL VEHICLE
ITEM DESCRIPTION
NAME
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
9
9
7
QTY'
I YEAR
EACH*
TOTAL
PRICE
I
1997
$90.00
1997
$40.00
Owner's Manual In Portfolio
1997
$1 5.00
Owner's Manual Without Portfolio
1997
$10.00
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED P.O. Box 07130 Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
P
1
a u
Y
(CUSTOMER'S NAME)
1
(AlTENTION)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Check or Money
Order
payable
to
Michiaan Purchasers
.~
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
add
6% sales
tax
only - do not send cash.)
n
Processing
U.S. Order
$5.00
Mastercard
0
0
VISA
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
(STREET ADDRESS-NO
P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
E
N
T
Account
Number:
U I n UInUInU
I
n
Expiration
Date rno/yr:
r lm
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
AREA CODE
VI-BUI-ORD97
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U S . funds. To cover Canadian postage, add $11.50 plus the
US.order processing.
I
fi
8-12
NOTES
Section 9 Index
Air Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-19
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
How it Works ................................
1-21
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
1.20. 2-60
ReadinessLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-24
What Makes it Inflate ..........................
1-22
What WillYou See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
When Should it Inflate .........................
1-22
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Airconditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
Air Conditioning Refrigerants .....................
6-62
Air Control. Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2. 3-4
2-10
Alarm. Instant. Keyless Entry .....................
Alarm. Universal Theft-Deterrent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 16
Alignment and Balance. Tire ......................
6-44
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ......................
6-5 1
3-36
Antenna. Heated Backlite ........................
6-19
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63. 4-7
3-31
Anti-Theft.Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
Appearance Care Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
.hbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
2-51
Armrest.Storage ...............................
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Audio Equipment. Adding ........................
3-34
Audio. Steering Wheel Touch Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Audio Systems .................................
3-12
Automatic
Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-23
Transaxlecheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-40
Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Transaxle Operation ...........................
2-23
Transaxle Park Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Automatic Dimming Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-28
5-3
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Rundown Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
WarningLight ............................... 2-61
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
8-7
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belt. Engine Accessory ..........................
6-63
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
4-28
Blizzard. Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-1
Brake
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-28
Anti-lock System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63.4-7
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-25
6-25
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PedalTravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
6-28
Replacing System Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-62
System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Transaxle Shift Interlock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.24.7.41
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-27
Brakes. Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
4- 10
Braking in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Break.In. New Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
2-44
Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.24.7.41
BTSI Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Canadian Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3 1 .
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cassette Deck Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 16. 3.20.
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Certification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Certificationmire Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chains. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chains. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change Oil Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2
8-5
6-6 I
4.30
3-35
7-39
3-27
3-35
1-25
4-3 1
4-3 1
4-37
6-46
2-69
Change Oil Soon Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
2-66
Check Engine Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Oil Level Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-69
Checking Your Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
1-35
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securing in a Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-39
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-41
Topstrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-36
Where to Put . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-35
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Circuit Breakers and Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
Cleaner. Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Exterior Lamps/Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Glass Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Inside ofYour Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Outside of Your Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Climate Control. Steering Wheel Touch Control . . . . . . . 3-11
3-2
Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
2-51
Coinholder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-35
Compact Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.24.3.29
Compact Disc Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.24.3.29
5-36
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Console Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 1
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Convenience Net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
2-50
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-19
Heater, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
5-17
RecoveryTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-15
Cornering Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
2-44
Courtesy Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
2-51
Cupholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone Users . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1
8-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
6-52
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
8-8
Defects, Reporting Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
3- 10
Defogger, Rear Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9
Delayed Entry Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Delayed Exit Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
DelayedLocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2-7
Personal Choice Programming ....................
6-62
Dimensions, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dolby@B Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17, 3-21, 3-29
2-4
Door, Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-22
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
6-4
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-16
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
4-24
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-27
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Throughwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
4-3
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.34.6.55
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Electronic Level Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Electronic Touch Climate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
9-3
9-4
H a l o g e n Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
2-41
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-35
6-29
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HighLow Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
2-42
OnReminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Hearing Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
3-8
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
4-24
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
4-36
Hitches, Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hood
Checking Things Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-7
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Ignition Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 19
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-42
2-45
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-39
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
7-44
Caliper/Knuckle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-43
Exhaust Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Drive Axle Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-43
Front Drive Axle Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-43
Radiator and Heater Hose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
7- 43
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Throttle Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-56,
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-43
7-43
2-54
2-44
6-49
2-57
2-44
Jack. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-24
5-3
K e y Lock Cylinders Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-40
2- 15. 2-20
Key Reminder Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
KeylessEntrySystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Instant Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
2-12
Personal Choice Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resynchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-10
2-2
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Labels
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Parts Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire-Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entry Lighting, Delayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exit Lighting, Delayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OnReminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Perimeter Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
6-54
4-31
6-54
2-41
2-44
2-44
2-41
2-44
2-45
2-44
2-42
2-45
9-5
TheaterDimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-29
Light Sensor. Twilight Sentinel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
Lights
1.20. 2-60
Air Bag Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63.4-7
Battery Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6 1
Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-62
ChangeOilSoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
2-66
Check Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CheckOilLevel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-69
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Engine Oil Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-68
2-71
LowFuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-68
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6. 2-59
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.64.4.9
4-9
Traction Off Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 1
Lockout Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
2-4
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-40
2-4
DelayedLocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Key Lock Cylinder Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-40
Lockout Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Memory Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
PowerDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Rear Door Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2-13
Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
9-6
LowFuelLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants and Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubrication Service. Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-71
7-45
7-40
4-10
Magnasteer &'+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
7-47
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
Long Trip/Highway Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
7-6
Long Trip/Highway Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-39
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
7-5
Short Trip/City Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Short Trip/City Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
6-52
Maintenance. Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Malfunction Indicator Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Manual Front Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Manual Remote Control Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
6-56
Maxifuse/Relay Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
Memory Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal Choice Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Min-ors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
2-50
Automatic Dimming Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Day/Night Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Day/Night Rearview with Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Manual Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Power Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
VisorVanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 2-53
!
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multifunction Lever .............................
6-4
2-34
2-52
N e t . Convenience ..............................
Neutral. Automatic Transaxle .....................
2-25
New Vehicle Break-In ...........................
2- 19
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-17
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
2-58
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer. Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-58
4-13
Off-RoadRecovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-10
2-69
Oil Level Warning Light .........................
Oil Pressure Light ..............................
2-68
Overdrive, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Overheating Engine .............................
5- 13
Owner Checks and Services .......................
7-39
Owner Publications, Ordering .....................
8- 10
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
Park
AutomaticTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SlvftingOutof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake Mechanism Check .......................
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OverThingsThatBurn ........................
Passenger Temperature Control ....................
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
2-24
2-28
2-30
2-15
2-27
7-42
2-15
2-31
3- 11
4-13
PASS-Key 0 It .................................
2-17
Perimeter Lighting ..............................
2-45
Personal Choice Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
Personal Choice Programming
DelayedLocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
Memory Door Locks ...........................
2-6
Perimeter Lighting ............................
2-45
2-11
SecurityFeedback ............................
Power
2-5
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
OptionFuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
Remote Control Mirror ........................
Seat ......................................... l-3
Steering ....................................
4-10
6-23
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts ....................
1-18
Problems on the Road ............................
5-1
Publications, Service and Owner ....................
8-9
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator Pressure Cap ...........................
Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12,3-14,3-18,3-22,
Rain, Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ReadingLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear
Door Security Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outside Seat Position ..........................
Safety Belt Comfort Guides .....................
Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WindowDefogger ............................
5-19
6-22
3-34
3-25
4-18
2-46
2-8
1-27
1-30
1-26
5-11
3-10
9-7
I
Seats
ManualFront . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-3
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1
Seatcontrols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-37
Second Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Security Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-11
Personal Choice Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 1 I
Security System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- 17
6- 2
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulletins. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 10
Manuals. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 10
Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
8-9
Publications. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2
Work. Doing Your Own . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service and Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 1
Service and Owner Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 10
Service Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 10
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Shifting
AutomaticTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-23
Into PARK (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Out of PARK (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-30
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I .13
SignalingTurns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Sound Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-34
Spare Tire. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
6-6 1
Specifications and Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications.Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
2-58
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Stains. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
Starter Switch Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-41
2-21
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Magnasteer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Wheel. Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
3- 1 I . 3-33
Wheel Touch Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-51
Storage. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Stuck: In Sand. Mud . Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
Sunvisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
1-19
Supplemental Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbols. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
6-32
Taillamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
Temperature Control. Climate Control System . . . . . 3-2. 3-4
Temperature Control. Passenger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
2-44
Theater Dimming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theft-Deterrent Alarm System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16
Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
THEFTLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-31
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Third Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
2-34
Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Time Out Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
9-9
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 12
6-46
Tirechains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
TireLoading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 1
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
6-44
Alignment and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buying New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
6-46
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-32
Changing a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Compact Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
Inflation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
7-39
Inflation Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
6-39
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-44
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
6-43
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uniform Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4 1
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-44
When It's Time for New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-41
1-36
Topstrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2-30
TorqueLock
5-32-6-61
Torque . Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Towing YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Traction
Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64. 4-9
Off Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
9-10
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
4-39
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
4-36
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-39
Maintenance When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-39
Parking on Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tongue Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Total Weight on Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Towins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Turn Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Transaxle Fluid . Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Transmitters. Matching toYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Transmitters. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Transportation . Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Trunk
Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
2-14
Release Lockout. Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Release . Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Security Override . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
TTYUsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Turn Signal On Chime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Turn Signal. Rear. Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Twilight Sentinel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
.
Underbody Flushin. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underbody Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Theft-Deterrent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-42
6-52
2- 16
Vehicle
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VisorVanity Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visors. Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
ix
6-62
6-54
4-31
6-28
3-8
2-53
2-53
2-61
w a r n i n g Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washer Fluid. Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
2-59
8-8
6-24
6-50
6-50
Wheel
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
NutTorque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.32.6.61
6-44
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheel Cover Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-25
Wheel Nut Cap Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-25
Wire Wheel Cover Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-26
Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24
WindowLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
2-33
Express-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
2-37
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
7-39
Fluid Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Wiper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
Bladecleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
6-55
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-26
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiper Blade Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-40
6-50
Wiper Blades. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring. Headlamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
5-8
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wrench. Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-24
9-11
I
Service Station Checkpoints
REMOTE
BATTERY
TERMINAL
P5-6
TIRES
P6-38
ENGINE OIL
DIPSTICK
SECONDARY
HOOD RELEASE
ENGINE COOLANT
RECOVERY TANK
P6-22
HOOD
RELEASE
P6-8
FUEL
DOOR
P6-5
I
WINDSHIELD
WASHER FLUID
P6-24
I
REMOTE TRUNK
RELEASE
P2-13
For detailed information, refer to the page number listed, or see the Index in the back of the owner’s manual.
9-12