MX3W
Online Manual
MX3W
DOC. NO. : MX3W-OL-E0001A
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Online Manual
Before You Start
This Online Manual is in PDF format, we recommend using Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 for online
viewing, it is included in Bonus CD disc or you can get free download from Adobe web site.
Although this Online Manual is optimized for screen viewing, it is still capable for hardcopy printing,
you can print it by A4 paper size and set 2 pages per A4 sheet on your printer. To do so, choose
File > Page Setup and follow the instruction of your printer driver.
Thanks for the help of saving our earth.
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Quick Installation Procedure
This page gives you a quick procedure on how to install your system. Follow each step accordingly.
1 Installing CPU and Fan
2 Installing System Memory (RIMM)
3 Connecting Front Panel Cable
4 Connecting IDE and Floppy Cable
5 Connecting ATX Power Cable
6 Connecting Back Panel Cable
7 Power-on and Load BIOS Setup Default
8 Setting CPU Frequency
9 Reboot
10 Installing Operating System (such as Windows 98)
11 Installing Driver and Utility
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Motherboard Map
Modem Audio
PC99 Back Panel
COM2 Serial Port
FDC
IrDA
CD Audio
JP28 KB/MS Wakeup
Resettable Fuse
AMR
JP12 Onboard Sound
WOM Wakeup on Modem
Low ESR capacitor
Jumper-less Design
Over-current Protection
Thermal Protection
WOL Wakeup on LAN
SB-Link Connector
4Mb Flash BIOS
Virus Protection
Wake on Timer
Multi-Languare BIOS
CPU Fan Connector
System Voltage & Fan
Monitoring
ATX Power Connector
AC Power Auto Recovery
Panel Connector
PC100 DIMM
Suspend to RAM
JP27 Housing Speaker
JP14 Clear CMOS
RAM Power LED
Housing Fan
Battery-less
ATA 33/66 IDE
Suspend to HDD
Intel 810 Chipset
2X AGP On Chip
JP23 AGP/FSB Clock Ratio
Turbo AGP
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Models of MX3W Series
Socket 370 : Celeron
Model
Name
Chipset
FC-PGA ATA-66
Display
Cache
FSB
Max
FSB
Audio
Onboard
MX3W-L
Intel 810L
155
MX3W
Intel 810
DC-100
100
155
MX3W-V
Intel 810
100
155
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Block Diagram
CPU
100 MHz FSB
Graphics Memory Control
Hub (GMCH)
.
2X AGP
Hub Link
PCI Card
PCI Bus
I/O Control Hub
(ICH)
Clock Generator
DIMM
PC100
Memory Bus
HDD/CDROM
USB
ATA 33/66
IDE Bus
AMR Card
LPC I/F
4Mb BIOS ROM
MIC, Line-in and
Speaker
AC97 Link
Low Pin
Count
Super I/O
Audio
CODEC
Floppy
Serial port, Printer and
PS/2 KB/Mouse
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Hardware
This chapter describes jumpers, connectors and hardware devices of this motherboard.
Note: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage your processor, disk
drives, expansion boards, and other components. Always observe the
following precautions before you install a system component.
1.Do not remove a component from its protective packaging until you
are ready to install it.
2.Wear a wrist ground strap and attach it to a metal part of the system
unit before handling a component. If a wrist strap is not available,
maintain contact with the system unit throughout any procedure
requiring ESD protection.
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JP14 Clear CMOS
You can clear CMOS to restore system default setting. To clear the CMOS, follow the procedure
below.
1. Turn off the system and unplug the AC power.
2. Remove ATX power cable from ATX power connector.
1
1
2
3
2
3
3. Locate JP14 and short pins 2-3 for a few seconds.
4. Return JP14 to its normal setting by shorting pins 1-2.
Normal Operation
(default)
Clear CMOS
5. Connect ATX power cable back to ATX power connector.
Tip: When should I Clear CMOS?
1. Boot fail because of overclocking…
2. Forget password…
3. Troubleshooting…
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JP28 Keyboard/Mouse Wakeup
This jumper is used to enable or disable Keyboard/Mouse Wake Up function. If you select Enable,
you can decide the wake up mode from BIOS Setup > Integrated Peripherals > Power On Function.
To implement this function, the power supply 5V standby current must be greater than 800mA. Note
that only PS/2 mouse supports Wake on Mouse function.
1 2 3
1 2 3
Disable
Enable
Tip: You have to wait for system to
successfully boot from operation system
(such as Windows or DOS) before the
Wake-On-Keyboard/Mouse can take effect.
This is because the information of how to
support this function must be stored into
Super I/O Controller and then you can use it
for next power on.
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ATX standby power
BIOS
Super I/O Controller
PS2 Mouse
Keyboard
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CPU Slot and Fan Connector
Plug CPU to slot1 connector. Be careful of CPU orientation.
CPUFAN or FAN connector.
Plug in the fan cable to the 3-pin
GND
+12V
SENSE
Note: Some CPU fans do not have
sense pin, so that cannot support fan
monitoring.
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CPU Jumper-less Design
CPU VID signal and SMbus clock generator provide CPU voltage auto-detection and allows the
user to set the CPU frequency through the BIOS setup, therefore no jumpers or switches are used.
The correct CPU information is saved into the EEPROM. With these technologies, the
disadvantages of the Pentium based jumper-less designs are eliminated. There will be no worry of
wrong CPU voltage detection and no need to re-open the housing in case of CMOS battery loss.
Clock
Generator
BIOS
Pentium II/III &
Controlled
Celeron CPU
CPU Freq. Ratio
CPU VID Signal
Circuit
CPU voltage
Power Regulator
(Automatically generates CPU voltage)
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Setting CPU Core Voltage
This motherboard supports CPU VID function. The CPU core voltage will be automatically detected
and the range is from 1.3V to 3.5V..
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Setting CPU Frequency
This motherboard is CPU jumper-less design, you can set CPU frequency through the BIOS setup,
no jumpers or switches are needed.
BIOS Setup > Frequency Control > CPU Speed Setting
Warning: INTEL 810 chipsets supports
maximum 100MHz FSB and 66MHz AGP clock,
higher clock setting may cause serious system
damage.
Tip: If your system hangs or fails to boot because of
overclocking, simply use JP14 to clear CMOS and restore to
the default setting (350MHz when FSB=100MHz).
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Core Frequency = CPU FSB Clock * CPU Ratio
!!
!!
!!
!!
!!!
!!!
!!!"#
!!!"
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!!!"
!!!"#
!!!"
!!!"#
!!!"
!!!"#
Note: The maximum FSB clock is different on
different models of MX3W series. Please refer
to Models of MX3W Series for detail.
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JP23 AGP/FSB Clock Ratio (Turbo AGP)
To improve system performance, this motherboard has implemented this jumper for setting the ratio
of the display cache and CPU external frequency. Auto: No matter what the CPU type is, the
onboard display cache will be set automatically. We recommend that you remain this default setting.
1/1: The display cache runs at a speed as same as the CPU external clock. 3/2: The display cache
runs at a speed of 3/2 CPU external clock.
2 4 6
2 4 6
2 4 6
1 3 5
1 3 5
1 3 5
2/3
1/1
Auto (default)
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DIMM Socket
This motherboard has two 168-pin DIMM sockets that allow you to install PC100 memory up to
512MB. Only SDRAM is supported.
Pin 1
DIMM1
DIMM2
Tip: The driving capability of new generation chipset
is limited due to the lack of a memory buffer (to
improve performance). This makes DRAM chip count
an important factor to take into consideration when
you install DIMMs. Unfortunately, there is no way that
the BIOS can identify the correct chip count, you
need to calculate the chip count by yourself. The
simple rule is: By visual inspection, use only
DIMMs which are less than 16 chips..
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DIMM can be single side or double side, it has 64 bit data and 2 or 4 clock signals. We strongly
recommend choosing 4-clock SDRAM for its reliability
Tip: To identify 2-clock and 4-clock DIMM, you
may check if there are traces connected to the
golden finger pins 79 and 163 of the SDRAM. If
there are traces, the SDRAM is probably 4-clock;
otherwise, it is 2-clock.
Tip: To identify single-side or double-side DIMM,
check golden finger pin 114 and pin 129. If there are
traces connected to pin 114 and pin 129, the DIMM
is probably double-side; otherwise, it is single-side.
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RAM Power LED
This LED indicates there is power applies to memory. It is useful to check RAM power during
Suspend to RAM. Do not unplug RIMM when this LED is On.
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Front Panel Connector
1
Keylock
IDE LED
GND
KEYLOCK
+5V
IDE LED
IDE LED
+5V
+5V
GND
NC
SPEAKER
SPWR
+
+
1
+
+
ACPI &
Power LED
+
+
Speaker
Reset
SPWR
GND
ACPI & PWR LED
GND
+5V
NC
NC
GND
RESET
GND
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Attach the power LED, keylock, speaker, and reset switch connectors to the corresponding pins. If
you enable Power Management > ACPI Function in BIOS Setup, the ACPI & Power LED will keep
flashing while the system is in suspend mode.
Suspend Type
ACPI LED
Power on Suspend (S1)
Flashing for every second
Suspend to RAM (S3)
Flashing for every 4 seconds
Locate the power switch cable from your ATX housing. It is 2-pin female connector from the
housing front panel. Plug this connector to the soft-power switch connector marked SPWR.
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ATX Power Connector
The ATX power supply uses 20-pin connector shown below. Make sure you plug in the right
direction.
PWOK
+5V
5VSB
+5V
+12V
+3.3V
-12V
+5V
-5V
GND
PWOK
GND
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AC Power Auto Recovery
A traditional ATX system should remain at power off stage when AC power resumes from power
failure. This design is inconvenient for a network server or workstation, without an UPS, that needs
to keep power-on. This motherboard implements an AC Power Auto Recovery function to solve this
problem. If BIOS Setup > Integrated Peripherals > AC PWR Auto Recovery is set to “Enabled” the
system will automatically power-on after AC power resumes.
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IDE and Floppy Connector
Connect 34-pin floppy cable and 40-pin IDE cable to floppy connector FDC and IDE connector
IDE1, IDE2. Pin1 of cable is normally marked with red color. Be careful of the pin1 orientation.
Wrong orientation may cause system damage.
Slave (4th)
Master (3rd)
IDE2 (Secondary)
IDE1 (Primary)
FDC
Pin 1
Pin 1
Slave (2nd)
Master (1st)
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IDE1 is also known as the primary channel and IDE2 as the secondary channel. Each channel
supports two IDE devices that make a total of four devices. In order to work together, the two
devices on each channel must be set differently to master and slave mode. Either one can be the
hard disk or the CDROM. The setting as master or slave mode depends on the jumper on your IDE
device, so please refer to your hard disk and CDROM manual accordingly.
Warning: The specification of the IDE cable is a
maximum of 46cm (18 inches), make sure your cable
does not exceed this length.
Tip: For better signal quality, it is recommended to
set the far end side device to master mode and
follow the suggested sequence to install your new
device. Please refer to above diagram.
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This motherboard supports ATA/66 IDE. Following table lists the transfer rate of IDE PIO and DMA
modes. The IDE bus is 16-bit, which means every transfer is two bytes.
Mode
Clock Period
Clock
Count
Cycle Time
Data Transfer Rate
PIO mode 0
30ns
20
600ns
(1/600ns) x 2byte = 3.3MB/s
PIO mode 1
30ns
13
383ns
(1/383ns) x 2byte = 5.2MB/s
PIO mode 2
30ns
8
240ns
(1/240ns) x 2byte = 8.3MB/s
PIO mode 3
30ns
6
180ns
(1/180ns) x 2byte = 11.1MB/s
PIO mode 4
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte = 16.6MB/s
DMA mode 0
30ns
16
480ns
(1/480ns) x 2byte = 4.16MB/s
DMA mode 1
30ns
5
150ns
(1/150ns) x 2byte = 13.3MB/s
DMA mode 2
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte = 16.6MB/s
UDMA/33
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte x2 = 33MB/s
UDMA/66
30ns
2
60ns
(1/60ns) x 2byte x2 = 66MB/s
UDMA/100
20ns
2
40ns
(1/40ns) x 2byte x2 = 100MB/s
Tip: To achieve the best performance of Ultra DMA/66 hard disks,
a special 80-wires IDE cable is required..
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IrDA Connector
The IrDA connector can be configured to support wireless infrared module, with this module and
application software such as Laplink or Windows 95 Direct Cable Connection, the user can transfer
files to or from laptops, notebooks, PDA devices and printers. This connector supports SIR
(115.2Kbps, 2 meters) and ASK-IR (57.6Kbps).
Install the infrared module onto the IrDA connector and enable the infrared function from BIOS
Setup > Integrated Peripherals > UART Mode Select, make sure to have the correct orientation
when you plug in the IrDA connector.
Pin 1
1 2
+5V
NC
IRRX
GND
IRTX
NC
CIRRX
5VSB
NC
NC
9 10
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WOM (Zero Voltage Wake on Modem)
This motherboard implements special circuit to support Wake On Modem, both internal modem
card and external box modem are supported. Since Internal modem card consumes no power when
system power is off, it is recommended to use an internal modem. To use internal modem, connect
4-pin cable from RING connector of modem card to the WOM connector on the motherboard.
Pin 1
1
+5V Standby
NC
RING
GND
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WOM by External BOX Modem
Traditional Green PC suspend mode does not really turn off the system power supply, it uses
external box modem to trigger MB COM port and resume back to active.
TEL Line
COM port
Box Modem
Motherboard
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WOM by Internal Modem Card
With the help of the ATX soft power On/Off, it is possible to have a system totally power off, and
wakeup to automatically answer a phone call as an answering machine or to send/receive a fax.
You may identify whether or not your system is in true power off mode by checking to see if the fan
of your power supply is off. Both an external box modem and an internal modem card can be used
to support Modem Wake Up, but if you use an external modem, you have to leave your box modem
on.
Modem Card
TEL Line
With AOpen Motherboard plus AOpen Modem Card, the
power can be totally off.
Motherboard
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WOL (Wake on LAN)
This feature is very similar as Wake On Modem, but it goes through local area network. To use
Wake On LAN function, you must have a network card with chipset that supports this feature, and
connect a cable from LAN card to motherboard WOL connector. The system identification
information (probably IP address) is stored on network card and because there is a lot of traffic on
the Ethernet, you need to install a network management software, such as ADM, for the checking of
how to wake up the system. Note that, at least 600mA ATX standby current is required to support
the LAN card for this function.
Pin 1
+5V Standby
GND
LID
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Ethernet
LAN Card
Motherboard
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Sound Blaster SB-Link
SB-LINK is used to connect Creative PCI sound card. If you have a Creative PCI sound card
installed, it is necessary to link the card to this connector for compatibility issue under DOS
environment. Note that Windows environment does not need this connector.
Pin 1
1 2
GND
REQ#
SIRQ#
GNT#
NC
GND
5 6
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2X AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port)
This motherboard supports 2X AGP on Chip, you don’t need to have AGP VGA card. AGP is a bus
interface designed for high-performance 3D graphic and supports only memory read/write operation.
One motherboard can only have one AGP slot. 2X AGP uses both rising and falling edge of the
66MHz clock, the data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4 bytes x 2 = 528MB/s.
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AMR (Audio/Modem Riser)
AMR is a riser card that supports sound or modem function. Because CPU computing power is
getting stronger, the digital processing job can be implemented in main chipset and share CPU
power. The analog conversion (CODEC) circuit requires a different and separate circuit design, it is
put on AMR card. This motherboard implements sound CODEC on board (can be disabled by
JP29), but reserve AMR slot for the option of modem function. Note that you can still use PCI
modem card.
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This motherboard is AC97 sound onboard. That is, audio CODEC is put on motherboard and
modem function is supported by AMR card.
Motherboard
Audio CODEC
Audio/Modem
Riser Card
Audio/Modem
Digital Controller
AC97 Link
Modem
CODEC
Chipset (I/O Hub)
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PC99 Color Coded Back Panel
The onboard I/O devices are PS/2 Keyboard, PS/2 Mouse, serial ports COM1 and COM2, Printer,
two USB, AC97 sound and Game port. The view angle of drawing shown here is from the back
panel of the housing.
PS/2 Mouse
Printer
Game Port
USB
Keyboard
COM1
VGA
MIC
Line-In
Speaker:
To External Speaker, Earphone or Amplifier.
Line-In:
From signal source such as CD/Tape player.
MIC:
From Microphone
Speaker
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I/O Devices Port
The onboard I/O devices are PS/2 Keyboard, PS/2 Mouse, serial ports COM1, Printer, and VGA
connector.
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JP12 Enable/Disable Onboard Sound Chip
This motherboard has AC97 sound onboard. JP29 is used to enable or disable onboard AD1881
CODEC chip. If you select Disable, you can use your preferred AMR sound card.
1
2
3
Enable
1
2
3
Disable
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JP27 Enable/Disable Housing Speaker
This jumper is used to enable or disable housing speaker.
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CD Audio Connector
This connector is used to connect CD Audio cable from CDROM or DVD drive to onboard sound.
Pin 1
CD-IN
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
L
GND
GND
R
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Modem Audio Connector
This connector is used to connect Mono In/Mic Out cable from internal modem card to onboard
sound circuit. The pin 1-2 is Mono In, and the pin 3-4 is Mic Out. Please note that there is no
standard for this kind of connector yet, only some internal modem cards implement this connector.
MODEM-CN
1
2
3
4
Pin 1
1
2
3
4
Mono In
GND
GND
Mic Out
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Battery-less and Long Life Design
This Motherboard implements EEPROM and a special circuit that allows you to save your current
CPU and CMOS Setup configurations without the need of a battery. The RTC (real time clock) can
also keep running as long as the power cord is plugged. If you lose your CMOS data by accident,
you can just reload the CMOS configurations from EEPROM and the system will recover as usual.
Tip: For your convenience, this motherboard is still shipped
with one Lithium (CR-2032) battery in the battery socket. If
you prefer to use battery, you can keep it in the socket. The
RTC will still keep running even power cord is removed.
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ATX standby power
Battery
Auto Switch
RTC real time clock
00:00:00
EEPROM
Auto switch to ATX standby
power as long as AC power
line is plugged. This smart
design increases battery life
if you still plug battery on
motherboard.
CMOS
Backup by EEPROM
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Over-current Protection
The Over Current Protection was very popular implemented on ATX 3.3V/5V/12V switching power
supply. However, the new generation CPU uses different voltage that has regulator to transfer 5V to
CPU voltage (for example, 2.0V), and makes 5V over current protection useless. This motherboard
with switching regulator onboard support CPU over-current protection, in conjunction with
3.3V/5V/12V power supply provide the full line over-current protection.
12V (Protected by power supply)
ATX
Switching
Power
Supply
3.3V (Protected by power supply)
5V (Protected by power supply)
CPU Core Voltage
Onboard
Power
Regulator
Over-Current
Protection
Circuit
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Note: Although we have implemented protection circuit try to prevent
any human operating mistake, there is still certain risk that CPU,
memory, HDD, add-on cards that install on this motherboard may be
damaged because of component failure, human operating error or
unknown nature reason. AOpen cannot guaranty the protection
circuit will always work perfectly.
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Hardware Monitoring
This motherboard implements a hardware monitoring system. As you turn on your system, this
smart design will continue to monitor your system’s working voltage, fan status and CPU
temperature. If any of these system’s status go wrong, there will be an alarm through the AOpen
Hardware Monitoring Utility to warn the user.
Fan Speed
CPU Temperature
AOpen
HWMON
Utility
CPU Voltage
System Voltage
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Resettable Fuse
Traditional motherboard has fuse for Keyboard and USB port to prevent over-current or shortage.
These fuses are soldered onboard that when it is broken (did the job to protect motherboard), user
still cannot replace it and the motherboard is still malfunction.
With expensive Resettable Fuse, the motherboard can back to normal function after fuse did the
protection job.
The green part at the left side of JP28.
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BIOS Write Protection
Recently, many viruses have been found that may destroy bios code and data area. This
motherboard implements two layers firewall to protect from unauthorized writing to BIOS. One is
hardware and the other is software.
Access to BIOS
Hardware Protection
Software Protection
Flash ROM BIOS
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Year 2000 (Y2K)
Y2K is basically a problem of the identification of year code. To save storage space, traditional
software uses only two digits for year identification. For example, 98 for 1998 and 99 for 1999, but
00 will be confused with 1900 and 2000.
There is an RTC circuit (Real Time Clock) in conjunction with 128 bytes of CMOS RAM data in the
chipset of the motherboard. The RTC has only two digits and the CMOS has another 2 digits.
Unfortunately, this circuit’s behavior is like this 1997! 1998 ! 1999 ! 1900, that means it may
have the Y2K problem. Below is a diagram of how applications work with the OS, BIOS and RTC.
In order to keep the best compatibility in the PC industry there is a rule that applications must call
the OS to get services and OS must call the BIOS, and then only BIOS is allowed to access the
hardware (RTC) directly.
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Applications
Operating System (such as Windows 98)
BIOS (Tick Routine)
RTC and CMOS data
There is a Tick Routine (that goes live around every 50m sec) in the BIOS to keep record of
date/time information. In general the BIOS, this Tick Routine does not update the CMOS every time
because the CMOS is a very slow device which degrades system performance. The Tick Routine of
the AOpen BIOS has 4 digits for year coding, as long as applications and the operating system
follow the rule to get date/time information. There will be no Y2K problem (such as NSTL’s test
program). But unfortunately again, we found some test programs (such as Checkit 98) accesses
RTC/CMOS directly.
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Low ESR Capacitor
The quality of low ESR capacitor (Low Equivalent Series Resistor) during high frequency operation
is very important for stability of CPU power. The location of where to put these capacitors is another
know-how that requires experience and detail calculation.
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The power circuit of the CPU core voltage must be checked to ensure system stability for high
speed CPUs (such as the new Pentium III, or when overclocking). A typical CPU core voltage is
2.0V, so a good design should control voltage between 1.860V and 2.140V. That is, the transient
must be below 280mV. Below is a timing diagram captured by a Digital Storage Scope, it shows the
voltage transient is only 143mv even when maximum 18A current is applied.
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Layout (Frequency Isolation Wall)
For high frequency operation, especially
overclocking, layout is the most important
factor to make sure chipset and CPU
working in stable condition. The layout of
this motherboard implements AOpen’s
unique design called “ Frequency
Isolation Wall”. Separating each critical
portion of motherboard into regions where
each region operates in a same or similar
frequency range to avoid crosstalk and
frequency interference between each
region’s operations and condition. The
trace length and route must be calculated
carefully. For example, the clock trace
must be equal length (not necessarily as
short as possible) so that clock skew will
be controlled within few a pico second
(1/1012 Sec)
Note: This diagram is for example only, it may not be
exactly the same as this motherboard.
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Driver and Utility
There are motherboard drivers and utilities included in AOpen Bonus CD disc. You don’t need to
install all of them in order to boot your system. But after you finish the hardware installation, you
have to install your operation system first (such as Windows 98) before you can install any drivers
or utilities. Please refer to your operation system’s installation guide.
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Autorun Menu from Bonus CD Disc
You can use the autorun menu of Bonus CD disc. Choose the utility and driver and select model
name
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Eliminate “?” mark from Windows 95/98
Windows 95/98 cannot recognize this chipset, because it was released before the Intel 820 chipset.
You can install the Intel INF Update Utility from the Bonus Pack CD disc autorun menu to eliminate
the “?” marks.
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Installing Onboard Sound Driver
This motherboard comes with an AD 1881 AC97 CODEC. You can find the audio driver from the
Bonus Pack CD disc autorun menu.
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Installing Bus Master IDE Driver
It is necessary to install Bus Master IDE driver to support ATA/66 hard disk. If you need this driver,
you can find it in the AOpen Bonus Pack CD disc.
Note: Installing this Bus Master IDE driver
may cause Suspend to Hard Drive failure.
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Installing Hardware Monitoring Utility
You can install Hardware Monitoring Utility to monitor CPU temperature, fans and system voltage.
You can find it in the AOpen Bonus Pack CD disc.
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ACPI Suspend to Hard Drive
ACPI Suspend to Hard Drive is basically controlled by Windows operation system. It saves your
current work (system status, memory and screen image) into hard disk, and then the system can be
totally power off. Next time, when power is on, you can resume your original work directly from hard
disk within few seconds without go through the Windows booting process and run your application
again. If your memory is 64MB, normally, you need to reserve at least 64MB HDD space to save
your memory image.
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When go into Suspend:
System
Image &
Status
Save into
Hard
Disk
When power-on next time:
System
Image &
Status
Hard
Disk
Restore within
seconds
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System Requirement
1.
AOZVHDD.EXE 1.30b or later.
2.
Delete config.sys and autoexec.bat.
Fresh installation of Windows 98 on a new system
1. Execute "Setup.exe /p j" to install Windows 98
2. After Windows 98's installation is complete, go to the Control Panel > Power Management.
a. Set Power Schemes > System Standby to "Never".
b. Click on "Hibernate" and select "Enable Hibernate Support" then "Apply".
c. Click on the "Advanced" tab, you'll see "Hibernate" on "Power Buttons". Note that this option
will only be seen after step b mentioned above has been completed, otherwise only
"Standby" and "Shutdown" will be shown. Select "Hibernate" and "Apply".
1.
Clean boot into DOS and run AOZVHDD utility.
a. If you assign the whole disk to your Win 98 system (FAT 16 or FAT 32), please run
"aozvhdd /c /file". Please remember sufficient free space has to be reserved in the disk, e.g.
if you have 64 MB DRAM and 16 MB VGA card installed, the system needs at least 80 MB
free space. The utility will locate the space automatically.
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b. If you assign an individual partition for Win 98, please run "aozvhdd /c /partition". Of
course, the system needs to provide unformatted an empty partition.
2.
Reboot system.
3.
You've already implemented ACPI Suspend to-Hard Drive. Click "Start > Shut Down >
Standby" then the screen will go off immediately. And 1 minute or so will be taken for the
system to save what's in the memory to the hard drive; the larger the memory size the longer
this process will take.
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Changing from APM to ACPI (Windows 98 only)
1. Run "Regedit.exe"
a. Go through the following path
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
SOFTWARE
MICROSOFT
WINDOWS
CURRENT VERSION
DETECT
b. Select "ADD Binary" and name it as "ACPIOPTION".
c. Right click and select Modify, add "01" after "0000" to make it "0000 01".
d. Save changes.
2. Select "Add New Hardware" under Control Panel. Allow Windows 98 to detect new hardware. (It
will find "ACPI BIOS" and remove "Plug and Play BIOS")
3. Reboot system.
4. Clean boot into DOS and run "AOZVHDD.EXE /C /File"
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Changing from ACPI to APM
1. Run "Regedit.exe"
a. Go through the following path
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
SOFTWARE
MICROSOFT
WINDOWS
CURRENT VERSION
DETECT
ACPI OPTION
b. Right click and select "Modify, change "01" to "00" to make it "0000 02".
Tip: "02" means Windows 98 is ACPI
acknowledged but the ACPI function is disabled.
c. Save changes.
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2. Select "Add New Hardware" under Control Panel. Allow Windows 98 to detect new hardware. (It
will find "Plug and Play BIOS" and remove "ACPI BIOS")
3. Reboot system.
4. Run "Add New Hardware" again and it will find "Advanced Power Management Resource".
5. Click "OK".
Tip: Currently we found only ATI 3D Rage Pro
AGP card would support ACPI suspend to disk.
Please refer to AOpen web site for latest update.
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ACPI Suspend to RAM (STR)
This motherboard supports ACPI Suspend to RAM function. With this function, you can resume
your original work directly from DRAM without going through the Windows 98 booting process and
run your application again. Suspend to DRAM saves your current work in the system memory, it is
faster than Suspend to Hard Drive but requires power supplied to DRAM, while Suspend to Hard
Drive requires no power.
When go into Suspend:
System Image & Status
in the DRAM
Backuped by
3.3V Power
Other System
Devices
Power loss
When power-on next time:
System Image & Status
in the DRAM
Power back to
work
Other System
Devices
Power back to
work
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To implement ACPI Suspend to DRAM, please follow the procedures as below:
System Requirement
1.
An ACPI OS is required. Currently, Windows 98 is the only choice. Please refer to ACPI
Suspend to Hard Drive of how to setup Windows 98 ACPI mode.
2.
The Intel INF Update Utility must be installed properly.
Procedures
1.
Changed the following BIOS settings.
BIOS Setup > Power Management > ACPI Function
: Enabled
BIOS Setup > Power Management > ACPI Suspend Type
:S3.
2.
Go to Control Panel > Power Management. Set “Power Buttons” to “Standby”.
3.
Press power button or standby button to wake up the system.
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AWARD BIOS
System parameters can be modified by going into BIOS Setup menu, this menu allows you to
configure the system parameters and save the configuration into the 128 byte CMOS area,
(normally in the RTC chip or in the main chipset). To enter to BIOS setup menu, press <Del> when
POST (Power-On Self Test) screen is shown on your monitor.
Note: Because the BIOS code is the most often
changed part of the motherboard design, the BIOS
information contained in this manual may be
different with actual BIOS that come with your
motherboard.
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Enter BIOS Setup
Del
After you finish the setting of jumpers and connect correct cables. Power on and
enter the BIOS Setup, press <Del> during POST (Power-On Self Test). Choose
"Load Setup Defaults" for recommended optimal performance.
Warning: Please avoid of using "Load Turbo Defaults",
unless you are sure your system components (CPU,
DRAM, HDD, etc.) are good enough for turbo setting.
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Change Language
F3
You can change language by press <F3>. Depends on available BIOS space. The
possible languages are English, German, Japanese and Chinese.
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Standard CMOS Features
The "Standard CMOS Setup" sets the basic system parameters such as the date, time, and the
hard disk type. Use the arrow keys to highlight an item and <PgUp> or <PgDn> to select the value
for each item.
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Standard CMOS Features > Date
To set the date, highlight the Date parameter. Press <PgUp> or <PgDn> to set the current date.
The date format is month, date, and year.
Standard CMOS Features > Time
To set the time, highlight the Time parameter. Press <PgUp> or <PgDn> to set the current time in
hour, minute, and second format. The time is based on the 24 hour military clock.
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Standard CMOS Features > Primary Master
Standard CMOS Features > Primary Slave
Standard CMOS Features > Secondary Master
Standard CMOS Features > Secondary Slave
$
This item lets you select the IDE hard disk parameters that your system supports.
These parameters are Size, Number of Cylinder, Number of Head, Start Cylinder for
Pre-compensation, Cylinder number of Head Landing Zone and Number of Sector
per Track. The default setting is Auto, which enables BIOS to automatically detect
the parameters of installed HDD (Hard Disk Drive) at POST (Power-On Self Test). If
you prefer to enter HDD parameters manually, select Manual. The IDE CDROM is
always automatically detected.
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Standard CMOS Features > Drive A
Standard CMOS Features > Drive B
$
These items select the floppy drive type. The available settings
and types supported by the motherboard are listed to the left.
%#&
#&
%#&
#&
#&
Standard CMOS Features > Video
"'()'
This item specifies the type of video card in use. The default
setting is VGA/EGA. Since current PCs use VGA only, this function
'
is almost useless and may be disregarded in the future.
'
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Standard CMOS Features > Halt On
This parameter enables you to control the system stops in case of
$"*
Power-On Self Test (POST) error.
"*
#%+,
#-*.
#-*.(%+
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Advanced BIOS Features
This screen appears when you select the option "Advanced BIOS Features" from the main menu.
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Advanced BIOS Features > Virus Warning
!
"
,
-*
,
Set this parameter to Enabled to activate the warning message.
This feature protects the boot sector and partition table of your hard
disk from virus intrusion. Any attempt during boot up to write to the
boot sector of the hard disk drive stops the system and the
following warning message appears on the screen. Run an
anti-virus program to locate the problem.
! WARNING !
Disk Boot Sector is to be modified
Type "Y" to accept write, or "N" to abort write
Award Software, Inc.
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Advanced BIOS Features > CPU Internal Cache
"#
"
,
-*
,
Enabling this parameter activates the CPU internal cache
(currently, PBSRAM cache). Disabling the parameter slows
down the system. Therefore, we recommend that you leave it
enabled unless you are troubleshooting a problem.
Advanced BIOS Features > External Cache
$%#
"
,
-*
,
Enabling this parameter activates the secondary cache
(currently, PBSRAM cache). Disabling the parameter slows
down the system. Therefore, we recommend that you leave it
enabled unless you are troubleshooting a problem.
Advanced BIOS Features > CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking
&'#$
#!
This item lets you enable or disable L2 Cache ECC checking.
"
,
-*
,
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Advanced BIOS Features > Processor Number Feature
()*
"
,
This item is used to enable or disable Pentium III CPU
Number Feature.
-*
,
Advanced BIOS Features > Quick Power On Self Test
+,-
"
,
This parameter speeds up POST by skipping some items that
are normally checked.
-*
,
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Advanced BIOS Features > First Boot Device
Advanced BIOS Features > Second Boot Device
Advanced BIOS Features > Third Boot Device
/
This parameter allows you to specify the system boot up
search sequence. The hard disk ID are listed below:
01(2!
C: Primary master
/
11!
D: Primary slave
-34
E: Secondary master
-/
F: Secondary slave
"/
LS: LS120
5/
0$
-*
,
Zip: IOMEGA ZIP Drive
LAN: LAN card with boot ROM
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Advanced BIOS Features > Boot Other Device
#
"
,
This parameter allows you to enable other system boot up
devices that is not described above.
-*
,
Advanced BIOS Features > Swap Floppy Drive
,
"
,
-*
,
This item allows you to swap floppy drives. For example, if you
have two floppy drives (A and B), you can assign the first drive
as drive B and the second drive as drive A or vice-versa.
Advanced BIOS Features > Boot Up Floppy Seek
4
Setting this parameter to enable/disable floppy seek test
during Power On Self Test.
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Advanced BIOS Features > Boot Up NumLock Status
()&
4
466
Setting this parameter to On enables the numeric function of
the numeric keypad. Set this parameter to Off to disregard the
function. Disabling the numeric function allows you to use the
numeric keypad for cursor control.
Advanced BIOS Features > Typematic Rate Setting
)
!
"
,
-*
,
Set this parameter to Enable/Disable the keyboard repeat
function. When enabled, continually holding down a key on
the keyboard will generate repeatedly keystrokes.
Advanced BIOS Features > Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
)
This item allows you to control the speed of repeated
keystrokes. The default is 30 characters/sec.
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Advanced BIOS Features > Typematic Delay (Msec)
)
This parameter allows you to control the delay time between
the first and the second keystroke (where the repeated
keystrokes begin).
Advanced BIOS Features > Security Option
17
1+* The System option limits access to both the System boot and
BIOS setup. A prompt asking you to enter your password
appears on the screen every time you boot the system.
The Setup option limits access only to BIOS setup.
To disable the security option, select Password Setting from
the main menu, don't type anything and just press <Enter>.
Advanced BIOS Features > OS Select for DRAM > 64MB
-.
/01.
41(
Set to OS/2 if your system is utilizing an OS/2 operating
system and has a memory size of more than 64 MB.
$841(
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Advanced BIOS Features > Show Logo On Screen
#,&!
"
,
This item lets you show or hide AOpen logo on the POST
screen.
-*
,
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Advanced Chipset Features
The "Advanced Chipset Features" includes settings for the chipset dependent features. These
features are related to system performance.
Warning: Make sure you fully
understand the items contained in this
menu before you try to change anything.
You may change the parameter settings
to improve system performance.
However, it may cause your system to
be unstable if the setting is not correct
for your system configuration.
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Advanced Chipset Features > SDRAM CAS Latency Time
.&
)
These are timing of SDRAM CAS Latency and RAS to CAS
Delay, calculated by clocks. They are important parameters
affects SDRAM performance, default is 2 clocks. If your
SDRAM has unstable problem, change 2/2 to 3/3.
Advanced Chipset Features > SDRAM Cycle Time
.)
(
This item will affect SDRAM performance. If the system fails
to bootup, please set this item to 6/8.
(
Advanced Chipset Features > SDRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay
.22
SDRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay is an important parameter that
affects SDRAM performance. If the system fails to bootup,
please set this item to 3.
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Advanced Chipset Features > SDRAM RAS Precharge Time
.#!
)
The RAS Precharge means the timing to inactive RAS and
the timing for DRAM to do precharge before next RAS can
be issued. RAS is the address latch control signal of DRAM
row address. The default setting is 3 clocks.
Advanced Chipset Features > Video BIOS Cacheable
"#*
"
,
Allows the video BIOS to be cached to allow faster video
performance.
-*
,
Advanced Chipset Features > Memory Hole At 15M-16M
.)
34.230.
"
,
-*
,
This option lets you reserve system memory area for
special I/O cards. The chipset accesses code/data of these
areas from the I/O bus directly. Normally, these areas are
reserved for memory mapped I/O card.
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Advanced Chipset Features > On-Chip Video
2#
This item is used to enable or disable the onchip AGP.
"
,
-*
,
Advanced Chipset Features > On-Chip Video Window Size
2# ,
5
#
This item is used to select graphic display cache window
size.
#
Advanced Chipset Features > Local Memory Frequency
&.)
9
This option allows you to define the DRAM speed on the
motherboard.
9
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Advanced Chipset Features > Initial Display Cache
"#
"
,
This option allows you to enable or disable the setting of
display cache.
-*
,
Advanced Chipset Features > Cas# Latency
6&
Cas# Latency is an important parameter that affects
SDRAM performance. If the system fails to bootup, please
set this item to 3.
Advanced Chipset Features > Paging Mode Control
!!.
1:
This item will affect SDRAM performance. If the system
fails to bootup, please set this item to Slow.
5
*
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Advanced Chipset Features > RAS-to-CAS Override
22
1:
This item will affect SDRAM performance. If the system
fails to bootup, please set this item to Slow.
5
*
Advanced Chipset Features > RAS# Timing
6)!
1:
This item will affect SDRAM performance. If the system
fails to bootup, please set this item to Slow.
5
*
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Integrated Peripherals
This submenu appears if you select the option "Integrated Peripherals" from the main menu.
option allows you to configure the I/O features.
This
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This page is the lower half of Integrated Peripherals submenu.
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Integrated Peripherals > On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
Integrated Peripherals > On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE
2#)"
"$
"
,
This parameter lets you enable or disable the IDE device
connected to the primary IDE connector.
-*
,
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Primary Master PIO
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Primary Slave PIO
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Secondary Master PIO
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Secondary Slave PIO
"$).
"
Setting this item to Auto activates the HDD speed
auto-detect function. The PIO mode specifies the data
transfer rate of HDD. For example: mode 0 data transfer rate
is 3.3MB/s, mode 1 is 5.2MB/s, mode 2 is 8.3MB/s, mode 3
is 11.1MB/s and mode 4 is 16.6MB/s. If your hard disk
performance becomes unstable, you may manually try the
slower mode.
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Integrated Peripherals > IDE Primary Master UDMA
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Primary Slave UDMA
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Secondary Master UDMA
Integrated Peripherals > IDE Secondary Slave UDMA
"$).
.
This item allows you to set the ATA/66 mode supported by
the hard disk drive connected to your primary IDE connector.
-*
,
Integrated Peripherals > ATA 66/33 Cable Detection
00788*
"
,
Disable this item to ignore the warning message of
autodetect function.
-*
,
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Integrated Peripherals > NCR SCSI ROM Scan
(".
"
,
Disable this item to skip the detection of SCSI ROM when
system boot up.
-*
,
Integrated Peripherals > USB Controller
This item lets you enable or disable the USB controller.
"
,
-*
,
Integrated Peripherals > USB Keyboard Support
9*
"
,
-*
,
This item lets you enable or disable the USB keyboard driver
within the onboard BIOS. The keyboard driver simulates
legacy keyboard command and let you use USB keyboard
during POST or after boot if you don't have USB driver in the
operating system.
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Note: You cannot use both USB driver and USB legacy keyboard at the
same time. Disable "USB Keyboard Support" if you have USB driver in
the operating system.
Integrated Peripherals > Init Display First
"
!1
If you installed a PCI VGA card, this item lets you decide
which one is the initial display card.
'
Integrated Peripherals > IDE HDD Block Mode
"$.
"
,
-*
,
This feature enhances disk performance by allowing
multi-sector data transfers and eliminates the interrupt
handling time for each sector. Most IDE drives, except with
old designs, can support this feature.
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Integrated Peripherals > Power On Function
,
+%+
#4+
%+,
**:
This item is used to select Wake on Keyboard/Mouse mode.
Any Key: This function allows you wake up the system by
clicking any key.
Button Only: Disable Wake on KB/MS function. You can boot
%+
up your system by power button only.
*06
Keyboard 98: If selecting this option, you can boot up the
*3;9
system by power button and the “Wake” key on Keyboard 98.
Password: Disable the function of power button and let the
system can only be powered on through the preset keys (like a
password).
Hot Key: If selecting this option, you also need to specify the
hot key from “Hot Key Power On” item.
Mouse Left: This function allows you wake up the system by
clicking left mouse button twice successively.
Mouse Right: This function allows you wake up the system by
clicking right mouse button twice successively.
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Note:
"#
Whenever you change this item, it will only take effect after you
restart the system and successfully boot the Windows or DOS.
"#
To implement Wake on Keyboard/Mouse function, you must set
JP28 to Enabled.
"#
Wake on Mouse function applies to PS/2 mouse only.
"#
If you set a password but forget it, please clear CMOS.
"#
If you want to use Wake on Mouse function in DOS, it is
necessary to install the DOS driver of the mouse.
Integrated Peripherals > KB Power On Password
9,,
You can specify 1-5 keys as a password.
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Integrated Peripherals > Hot Key Power On
9,
858585
858585
858585
8585
85
If you select “Hot Key” option in “Power On Function” Item,
you need to specify a hot key here.
Integrated Peripherals > Onboard FDC Controller
*
"
,
-*
,
Setting this parameter to Enabled allows you to connect
your floppy disk drives to the onboard floppy disk
connector instead of a separate controller card. Change
the setting to Disabled if you want to use a separate
controller card.
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Integrated Peripherals > Onboard Serial Port 1
Integrated Peripherals > Onboard Serial Port 2
*3
This item allows you to assign address and interrupt for
the board serial port. Default is Auto.
5(!3< 5(!3< "(!3< "(!3< -*
, Note: If you are using network card,
make sure that the IRQ do not conflict.
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Integrated Peripherals > UART Mode Select
. !-
1%!3
This item is configurable only if the "Onboard Serial Port 2"
is enabled. This allows you to specify the mode of serial
port2. The available mode selections are:
$ Normal
Sets serial port 2 to operate in normal mode. This is the default setting.
IrDA (SIR)
This setting allows infrared serial communication at a maximum baud rate of 115.2K baud.
ASKIR
This setting allows infrared serial communication at a maximum baud rate of 57.6K baud.
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Integrated Peripherals > RxD, TxD Active
%:%
0
0
00
This item is used to select RxD (Receive Data) and TxD
(Transmit Data) mode for UART, for instance, IR device,
modem, etc. Normally, we suggest you keep the default
setting. Please see the documentation that comes with your
device.
Integrated Peripherals > IR Transmission Delay
")
"
,
If Enabled is selected, there will be a 4 character delay
when SIR is changed from TX mode to RX mode.
-*
,
Integrated Peripherals > UR2 Duplex Mode
'%.
Change this item to switch the UR2 transfer mode.
5
6
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Integrated Peripherals > Use IR Pins
"
This item allows you to select the protocol mode of IR
transfer.
3-=-
!383=
Integrated Peripherals > Onboard Parallel Port
*
#(!3<
This item controls the onboard parallel port address and
interrupt.
(!3<
(!3<
-*
,
Note: If you are using an I/O card with a
parallel port, make sure that the
addresses and IRQ do not conflict.
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Integrated Peripherals > Parallel Port Mode
.
1"" ">"
This item lets you set the parallel port mode. The mode
options are SPP (Standard and Bidirection Parallel Port),
EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port) and ECP (Extended Parallel
Port).
SPP (Standard and Bidirection Parallel Port)
SPP is the IBM AT and PS/2 compatible mode.
EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port)
EPP enhances the parallel port throughput by directly writing/reading data to/from parallel port
without latch.
ECP (Extended Parallel Port)
ECP supports DMA and RLE (Run Length Encoded) compression and decompression.
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Integrated Peripherals > EPP Mode Select
$.
This item lets you select EPP mode protocol.
"
"
Integrated Peripherals > ECP Mode Use DMA
$..
This item lets you set the DMA channel of ECP mode.
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Integrated Peripherals > AC PWR Auto Recovery
5 81*
4
466
A traditional ATX system should remain at power off stage
when AC power resumes from power failure. This design is
inconvenient for a network server or workstation, without an
UPS, that needs to keep power-on. This item is used to
solve this problem. Selecting On enabling system to
automatically power-on after AC power resumes; in the
other hand, the system will remain power-off if you select
Off. If Former-Sts (former status) option is selected, the
system will power-on or power-off based on the original
state.
Integrated Peripherals > Game Port Address
;)
This item is used to assign an address for the Game port.
-*
,
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Integrated Peripherals > MIDI Port Address
.""
This item is used to assign an address for the MIDI port.
-*
,
Integrated Peripherals > MIDI Port IRQ
."""+
This item is used to assign an IRQ for the MIDI port.
Integrated Peripherals > AC97 Audio
<=
This item is used to enable or disable the onboard audio.
-*
,
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Integrated Peripherals > AC97 Modem
<=.)
The item is used to enable or disable the AC97 modem. If
disabled, an AMR modem card can’t work properly.
-*
,
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Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup screen enables you to control the motherboard green features.
See the following screen.
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This page is the lower half of Power Management submenu.
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Power Management > ACPI Function
"
"
,
-*
,
If your OS is ACPI enabled you have to set this item to
Enabled, or there may be unexpected errors. If your OS is
APM mode, you can remain the Disabled setting.
Power Management > ACPI Standby
"*
1
This function allows you to select suspend types. S1 is
Power On Suspend and S3 is Suspend to RAM.
1
Power Management > Power Management
,.!)
1
?;
1
?;
@*-6
This function allows you to set the default parameters of
power-saving modes. Set to Disable to turn off the power
management function. Set to User Define to choose your
own parameters.
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.
,,
1
?;
9
1
?;
Power Management > Video Off Method
--.#
)(1A$>#
.
-1
#
.1B
This determines the way that the monitor is off. Blank
Screen writes blanks to video buffer. V/H SYNC + Blank
allows BIOS to control VSYNC and HSYNC signals. This
function applies only for DPMS (Display Power
Management Standard) monitor. The DPMS mode uses
DPMS functions provided by the VGA card.
Power Management > Video Off In Suspend
--"
$
The item is used to decide whether the video is off in the
suspend mode.
A*
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Power Management > Suspend Type
C341*7
@17
You can select APM suspend mode by this item. If PWR On
Suspend is selected, the CPU clock will be stopped and all
other devices are shut off. But power must be kept On to
detect activities from modem, keyboard/mouse and returns
the system to full power. The system activities are detected
by monitoring the IRQ signals or I/O. CPU Sleep Mode is
similar as above but CPU will go into deep sleep mode and
save more power.
Power Management > Modem Use IRQ
.)"+
This item lets you set an IRQ for the modem.
$(
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Power Management > Suspend Mode
.
-*
,
This item lets you set the period of time after which the
system enters into Suspend mode. The Suspend mode can
be Power On Suspend or Suspend to Hard Drive, selected
by "Suspend Type".
Power Management > HDD Power Down
,,
-*
, This option lets you specify the IDE HDD idle time before the
device enters the power down state. This item is independent
from the power states previously described in this section
(Standby and Suspend).
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Power Management > Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
-2--* 2(
-
+*B
!*
8466
This is a specification of ACPI and supported by hardware.
When Delay 4 sec. is selected, the soft power switch on
the front panel can be used to control power On, Suspend
and Off. If the switch is pressed for less than 4 seconds
during power On, the system will go into Suspend mode. If
the switch is pressed for longer than 4 seconds, the system
will be turned Off. The default setting is Instant-Off. If
Instant-Off is selected the soft power switch is only used to
control On and Off, so there is no need to press it for 4
seconds, and there is no Suspend.
Power Management > Wake On PCI Card
"
"
,
-*
, This is a function of PCI specification 2.2. PCI bus supports
standby current to PCI card and PCI card can wakeup
system if it detects certain activity.
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Power Management > Wake On Modem
.)
"
,
This option lets you specify enable or disable Wake On
Modem function.
-*
,
Power Management > Wake On LAN
&(
"
,
This option lets you specify enable or disable Wake On LAN
function.
-*
,
Power Management > Wake On RTC Timer
)
#+-
#+C.
-*
,
The Wake Up Timer is more like an alarm, which wakes up
and powers on your system at a pre-defined time for a
specific application. It can be set to wake up everyday or on
specific date within a month. The date/time is accurate to
within a second. This option lets you enable or disable the
RTC Wake Up function.
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Power Management > Date (of Month)
>-.#?
This item is displayed when you enable the Wake On RTC
Timer option. Here you can specify what date you want to
wake up the system. For Example, setting to 15 will wake up
the system on the 15th day of every month.
Tip: Setting this item to 0 will wake up the
system on the specified time (which can be set in
the Wake On RTC Timer ) every day.
Power Management > Time (hh:mm:ss)
)>##@))@?
99/
/**
This item is displayed when you enable the Wake On RTC
Timer option. Here you can specify what time you want to
wake up the system.
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Power Management > Primary IDE 0
Power Management > Primary IDE 1
Power Management > Secondary IDE 0
Power Management > Secondary IDE 1
Power Management > FDD, COM, LPT Port
Power Management > PCI PIRQ [A-D] #
)"$A
"
,
-*
,
These items enable or disable the detection of IDE, floppy,
serial, parallel and PCI IRQ activities for power down state
transition.
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PNP/PCI Configuration Setup
The PNP/PCI Configuration Setup allows you to configure the ISA and PCI devices installed in your
system. The following screen appears if you select the option "PNP/PCI Configuration Setup" from
the main menu.
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PNP/PCI Configuration > Reset Configuration Data
-!
"
,
-*
,
In case conflict occurs after you assign the IRQs or after you
configure your system, you can enable this function, allow
your system to automatically reset your configuration and
reassign the IRQs, DMAs, and I/O address.
PNP/PCI Configuration > Resources Controlled By
*
Setting this option to Manual allows you to individually
assign the IRQs and DMAs to the ISA and PCI devices.
Set this to Auto to enable the auto-configuration function.
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PNP/PCI Configuration > IRQ Resources
"+8
3*?
If your device is not PnP compatible and requires a special
IRQ to support its function, set the selected IRQ to
Reserved. This setting informs the PnP BIOS to reserve the
selected IRQ for the installed legacy device. The default is
PnP. Note that PCI cards are always PnP compatible
(except old PCI IDE card).
The available IRQs are: IRQ3 (COM2), IRQ4 (COM1), IRQ5 (Network/Sound or Others), IRQ7
(Printer or Others), IRQ9 (Video or Others), IRQ10 (SCSI or Others), IRQ11 (SCSI or Others),
IRQ12 (PS/2 Mouse), IRQ14 (IDE1), IRQ15 (IDE2).
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PNP/PCI Configuration > PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
"7;
"
,
-*
,
Enabling this item informs the PCI VGA card to keep silent
(and to prevent conflict) when palette register is updated (i.e.,
accepts data without responding any communication signals).
This is useful only when two display cards use the same
palette address and plugged in the PCI bus at the same time
(such as MPEQ or Video capture). In such case, PCI VGA is
silent while MPEQ/Video capture is set to function normally.
PNP/PCI Configuration > Assign IRQ For VGA
!"+
;
"
,
-*
,
In case conflict occurs after you assign the IRQs or after you
configure your system, you can enable this function, allow
your system to automatically reset your configuration and
reassign the IRQs, DMAs, and I/O address.
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PNP/PCI Configuration > Assign IRQ For USB
!"+
"
,
-*
,
In case conflict occurs after you assign the IRQs or after you
configure your system, you can enable this function, allow
your system to automatically reset your configuration and
reassign the IRQs, DMAs, and I/O address.
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PC Health Status
This submenu displays hardware monitor status and provide some basic control function. You can
install Hardware Monitoring utility without using setup items in this submenu.
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PC Health Status > CPU Warning Temperature
!
)
-*
,
°(°5
This item is used to specify a CPU warning temperature.
When the CPU’s temperature is higher than this predefined
value, the CPU’s speed will automatically slow down and
there will be a warning from BIOS.
°(°5
°(°5
°(°5
°(°5
°(°5
°(°5
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Frequency Control
This submenu allows you to configure the CPU and memory clock.
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Frequency Control > Clock Spread Spectrum
)
"
,
-*
,
This item is used to set clock spread spectrum for EMI
testing. Normally, you don’t need to change the default
setting.
Frequency Control > CPU Speed Setting
!
The item is used to select the CPU clock speed.
51#BB./
CPU Clock = FSB clock x Clock Ratio..
B.3
/
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Frequency Control > SDRAM Speed
.
This item is used to select the SDRAM speed.
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Load Setup Defaults
The "Load Setup Defaults" option loads optimized settings for optimum system performance.
Optimal settings are relatively safer than the Turbo settings. All the product verification,
compatibility/reliability test report and manufacture quality control are based on "Load
Setup Defaults". We recommend to use this settings for normal operation. "Load Setup Defaults"
is not the slowest setting for this motherboard. If you need to verify an unstable problem, you may
manually set the parameter in the "Advanced BIOS Features" and "Advanced Chipset Features" to
get slowest and safer setting.
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Load Turbo Defaults
The "Load Turbo Defaults" option gives better performance than "Load Setup Defaults". It is
provided for the convenience of power user who wants to push the motherboard to get better
performance. Turbo setting does not go though all the detail reliability and compatibility test, it is
tested only with limited configuration and loading (for example, a system that contains only a VGA
card and one DIMM/RIMM). Use Turbo setting only when you fully understand the items in
Chipset Setup menu. The performance improvement of Turbo setting is normally around 3% to 5%,
depending on the chipset and the application.
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Set Password
Password prevents unauthorized use of your computer. If you set a password, the system prompts
for the correct password before boot or access to Setup.
To set a password:
1.
At the prompt, type your password. Your password can be up to 8 alphanumeric characters.
When you type the characters, they appear as asterisks on the password screen box.
2.
After typing the password, press.
3.
At the next prompt, re-type your password and press again to confirm the new password.
After the password entry, the screen automatically reverts to the main screen.
To disable the password, press when prompted to enter the password.
message confirming that the password has been disabled.
The screen displays a
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Save & Exit Setup
This function automatically saves all CMOS values before leaving Setup.
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Exit without Saving
Use this function to exit Setup without saving the CMOS value changes.
you want to save the new configuration.
Do not use this option if
Load EEPROM Default
Except "Load Setup Default" and "Load Turbo Default", you may also use "Save EEPROM Default "
to save your own settings into EEPROM, and reload by using this item.
Save EEPROM Default
You may use this item to save your own settings into EEPROM. Then, if the data in CMOS is lost or
you forget the previous settings, you may use "Load EEPROM Default " to reload.
NCR SCSI BIOS and Drivers
Due to Flash ROM space limitation, some BIOS versions do not include NCR 53C810 SCSI BIOS
(supports DOS, Windows 3.1 and OS/2) into the system BIOS. Many SCSI cards have its own
SCSI BIOS on card, for better system performance, you may use the drivers that come with the
NCR SCSI card or with your operating system. For details, refer to the installation manual of your
NCR 53C810 SCSI card.
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BIOS Upgrade
AOpen Easy Flash is a little different than traditional flash method. The BIOS binary file and flash
routine are linked together and you simply run a single commend to complete the flash process.
1. Download new BIOS upgrade zipped file from AOpen's web site. For example, AX6C100.ZIP.
2. Unzip it and we recommend to save into a bootable DOS floppy diskette for error recovery.
3. Reboot the system to DOS mode without loading any memory handler (such as EMM386) or
device driver. It needs around 520K free memory space.
4. Execute
A:> AX6BC100
DO NOT turn off the power during FLASH PROCESS.
Del
5. Reboot system and press <Del> to enter BIOS setup, Choose "Load Setup Defaults", then
“Save & Exit Setup”. Done!
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Warning: The upgrade of new BIOS will permanently replace your original
BIOS content after flashing. The original BIOS setting and Win95/Win98
PnP information will be refreshed and you probably need to re-configure
your system.
Tip: If you prefer to use EPROM writer, you can find
BIOS BIN file after unzip.
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Glossary
AC97
Basically, AC97 specification separates sound/modem circuit to two parts, digital processor and a
CDDEC for analog I/O, they are linked by AC97 link bus. Since digital processor can be put into
motherboard main chipset, the cost of sound/modem onboard solution can be reduced.
ACPI (Advanced Configuration & Power Interface)
ACPI is the power management specification of PC97 (1997). It intends to save more power by
taking full control of power management to operating system and bypass BIOS. The chipset or
super I/O chip needs to provide standard register interface to operating system (such as Windows
98). This is a bit similar as the PnP register interface. ACPI defines ATX momentary soft power
switch to control the power state transition.
AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port)
AGP is a bus interface targeted for high-performance 3D graphic. AGP supports only memory
read/write operation and single-master single-slave one-to-one only. AGP uses both rising and
falling edge of the 66MHz clock, for 2X AGP, the data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4byte x 2 = 528MB/s.
AGP is now moving to 4X mode, 66MHz x 4byte x 4 = 1056MB/s. AOpen is the first company to
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support 4X AGP motherboards by both AX6C (Intel 820) and MX64/AX64 (VIA 694x), started from
Oct 1999.
AMR (Audio/Modem Riser)
The CODEC circuit of AC97 sound/modem solution can be put on motherboard or put on a riser
card (AMR card) that connects to motherboard through AMR connector.
AOpen Bonus Pack CD
A disc bundled with AOpen motherboard product, there are motherboard drivers, Acrobat Reader
for PDF online manual and other useful utilities.
APM
Unlike ACPI, BIOS controls most APM power management functions. AOpen Suspend to Hard
Drive is a good example of APM power management.
ATA/66
ATA/66 uses both rising edge and falling edge as UDMA/33, but reduces the cycle time to 2 clocks,
that is 60ns. The data transfer rate is (1/60ns) x 2 bytes x 2 = 66MB/s. To use ATA/66, you need
special 80-wire ATA/66 IDE cable.
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ATA/100
ATA/100 is a new IDE specification under developing. ATA/100 uses both rising edge and falling
edge as ATA/66 but clock cycle time is reduced to 40ns. The data transfer rate is (1/40ns) x 2 bytes
x 2 = 100MB/s. To use ATA/100, you need special 80-wire IDE cable, the same as ATA/66.
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
BIOS is a set of assembly routine/program that reside in EPROM or Flash ROM. BIOS controls
Input/output devices and other hardware devices of motherboard. In general, to provide hardware
independent portability, operation system and drivers is required to access BIOS without directly
access hardware devices.
Bus Master IDE (DMA mode)
The traditional PIO (Programmable I/O) IDE requires the CPU to involve in all the activities of the
IDE access including waiting for the mechanical events. To reduce the workload of the CPU, the
bus master IDE device transfers data from/to memory without interrupting CPU, and releases CPU
to operate concurrently while data is transferring between memory and IDE device. You need the
bus master IDE driver and the bus master IDE HDD to support bus master IDE mode.
CODEC (Coding and Decoding)
Normally, CODEC means a circuit that can do digital to analog conversion and also the analog to
digital conversion. It is part of AC97 sound/modem solution.
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DIMM (Dual In Line Memory Module)
DIMM socket has total 168-pin and supports 64-bit data. It can be single or double side, the golden
finger signals on each side of PCB are different, that is why it was called Dual In Line. Almost all
DIMMs are made by SDRAM, which operate at 3.3V. Note that some old DIMMs are made by
FPM/EDO and only operate at 5V. Do not confuse them with SDRAM DIMM..
ECC (Error Checking and Correction)
The ECC mode needs 8 ECC bits for 64-bit data. Each time memory is accessed, ECC bits are
updated and checked by a special algorithm. The ECC algorithm has the ability to detect double-bit
error and automatically correct single-bit error while parity mode can only detect single-bit error.
EDO (Extended Data Output) Memory
The EDO DRAM technology is actually very similar to FPM (Fast Page Mode). Unlike traditional
FPM that tri-states the memory output data to start the pre-charge activity, EDO DRAM holds the
memory data valid until the next memory access cycle, that is similar to pipeline effect and reduces
one clock state.
EEPROM (Electronic Erasable Programmable ROM)
Also known as E2PROM. Both EEPROM and Flash ROM can be re-programmed by electronic
signals, but the interface technology is different. Size of EEPROM is much smaller than flash ROM,
AOpen motherboard uses EEPROM for jumper-less and battery-less design.
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EPROM (Erasable Programmable ROM)
Traditional motherboard stores BIOS code in EPROM. EPROM can only be erased by ultra-violet
(UV) light. If BIOS has to be upgraded, you need to remove EPROM from motherboard, clear by
UV light, re-program, and then insert back.
FCC DoC (Declaration of Conformity)
The DoC is component certification standard of FCC EMI regulations. This standard allows DIY
component (such as motherboard) to apply DoC label separately without a shielding of housing.
Flash ROM
Flash ROM can be re-programmed by electronic signals. It is easier for BIOS to upgrade by a flash
utility, but it is also easier to be infected by virus. Because of increase of new functions, BIOS size
is increased from 64KB to 256KB (2M bit). AOpen AX5T is the first board to implement 256KB
(2Mbit) Flash ROM. Now flash ROM size is moving to 4M bit on AX6C (Intel 820) and MX3W (Intel
810) motherboard.
FSB (Front Side Bus) Clock
FSB Clock means CPU external bus clock.
CPU internal clock = CPU FSB Clock x CPU Clock Ratio
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I2C Bus
See SMBus.
P1 3 9 4
P1394 (IEEE 1394) is a standard of high-speed serial peripheral bus. Unlike low or medium speed
USB, P1394 supports 50 to 1000Mbit/s and can be used for video camera, disk and LAN.
PBSRAM (Pipelined Burst SRAM)
For Socket 7 CPU, one burst data read requires four QWord (Quad-word, 4x16 = 64 bits). PBSRAM
only needs one address decoding time and automatically sends the remaining QWords to CPU
according to a predefined sequence. Normally, it is 3-1-1-1, total 6 clocks, which is faster than
asynchronous SRAM. PBSRAM is often used on L2 (level 2) cache of Socket 7 CPU. Slot 1 and
Socket 370 CPU do not need PBSRAM.
PC100 DIMM
SDRAM DIMM that supports 100MHz CPU FSB bus clock.
PC133 DIMM
SDRAM DIMM that supports 133MHz CPU FSB bus clock.
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PDF Format
A file format for electronic document, PDF format is independent from platform, you can read PDF
file under Windows, Unix, Linux, Mac … with different PDF reader. You can also read PDF file by
web browser such as IE and Netscape, note that you need to install PDF plug-in first (Included in
Acrobat Reader).
PnP (Plug and Play)
The PnP specification suggests a standard register interface for both BIOS and operating system
(such as Windows 95). These registers are used by BIOS and operating system to configure
system resource and prevent any conflicts. The IRQ/DMA/Memory will be automatically allocated
by PnP BIOS or operating system. Currently, almost all the PCI cards and most ISA cards are
already PnP compliant.
POST (Power-On Self Test)
The BIOS self test procedure after power-on, sometimes, it is the first or the second screen shown
on your monitor during system boot.
RDRAM (Rambus DRAM)
Rambus is a memory technology that uses large burst mode data transfer. Theoretically, the data
transfer should be high than SDRAM. RDRAM is cascaded in channel operation. For Intel 820, only
one RDRAM channel is supported, 16-bit data per channel, and this channel may have maximum
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32 RDRAM devices, no matter how many RIMM sockets.
RIMM
184-pin memory module that supports RDRAM memory technology. A RIMM memory module may
contain up to maximum of 16 RDRAM devices.
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
SDRAM is one of the DRAM technologies that allows DRAM to use the same clock as the CPU
host bus (EDO and FPM are asynchronous and do not have clock signal). It is similar as PBSRAM
to use burst mode transfer. SDRAM comes in 64-bit 168-pin DIMM and operates at 3.3V. AOpen is
the first company to support dual-SDRAM DIMMs onboard (AP5V), from Q1 1996
SIMM (Single In Line Memory Module)
SIMM socket is only 72-pin, and is only single side. The golden finger signals on each side of PCB
are identical. That is why it was called Single In Line. SIMM is made by FPM or EDO DRAM and
supports 32-bit data. SIMM had been phased out on current motherboard design.
SMBus (System Management Bus)
SMBus is also called I2C bus. It is a two-wire bus developed for component communication
(especially for semiconductor IC). For example, set clock of clock generator for jumper-less
motherboard. The data transfer rate of SMBus is only 100Kbit/s, it allows one host to communicate
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with CPU and many masters and slaves to send/receive message.
SPD (Serial Presence Detect)
SPD is a small ROM or EEPROM device resided on the DIMM or RIMM. SPD stores memory
module information such as DRAM timing and chip parameters. SPD can be used by BIOS to
decide best timing for this DIMM or RIMM.
Ultra DMA/33
Unlike traditional PIO/DMA mode, which only uses the rising edge of IDE command signal to
transfer data. UDMA/33 uses both rising edge and falling edge, the data transfer rate is double of
the PIO mode 4 or DMA mode 2.
16.6MB/s x2 = 33MB/s
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
USB is a 4-pin serial peripheral bus that is capable of cascading low/medium speed peripherals
(less than 10Mbit/s) such as keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and modem. With USB, the
traditional complex cables from back panel of your PC can be eliminated.
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ZIP file
A compressed file format to reduce file size. To unzip file, run shareware PKUNZIP
(http://www.pkware.com/) for DOS and other operating system or WINZIP (http://www.winzip.com/)
for windows environment.
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Troubleshooting
Start
Turn off the power and unplug the AC power cable, then remove all of the add-on
cards and cables, including VGA, IDE, FDD, COM1, COM2 and printer.
Make sure if all jumper settings are correct.
Clear CMOS
Next
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Continue
Install the VGA card. Then connect your monitor and keyboard.
Turn on the power
Yes
and check if the power
supply and CPU fan work
properly.
No
The problem is probably caused by
power supply or motherboard failure.
Please contact your reseller or local
distributor for repairing.
Next
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Continue
No
Check if there is display?
Perhaps your VGA card
or monitor is defective.
Yes
Press <Ctrl> and <Alt> key at the same time, hold them
and then press <Del> to reboot the system.
No
Check if the system
reboots?
It is very possible that
your keyboard is
defective.
Yes
Next
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Continue
During system rebooting, press <Del> to enter BIOS
setup. Choose “Load Setup Default”.
Turn off the system and re-connect IDE cable.
Check if the system can
reboot successfully?
No
The problem should be
caused by the IDE cable
or HDD itself.
Yes
Re-install operatiing system such as Windows 98.
End
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Technical Support
Dear Customer,
Thanks for choosing AOpen products. To provide the best and fastest service to our customer is our
first priority. However, we receive numerous emails and phone-calls worldwide everyday, it is very
hard for us to serve everyone on time. We recommend you follow the procedures below and seek
help before contact us. With your help, we can then continue to provide the best quality service to
more customers.
Thanks very much for your understanding!
AOpen Technical Supporting Team
1
2
Online Manual: Please check the manual carefully and make sure the jumper
settings and installation procedure are correct.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/download/manual/default.htm
Test Report: We recommend to choose board/card/device from the compatibility test
reports for assembling your PC.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/report/default.htm
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3
Online Manual
FAQ: The latest FAQ
(Frequently Asked Questions) may contain a solution to your
problem.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/faq/default.htm
4
Download Software: Check out this table to get the latest updated BIOS/utility and
5
News Group: Your problem probably had been answered by our support engineer or
6
Contact Distributors/Resellers: We sell our products through resellers and
drivers.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/download/default.htm
professional users on the news group.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/newsgrp/default.htm
integrators. They should know your system configuration very well and should be
able to solve your problem more efficiently than us. After all, their attitude of service
is an important reference for you if next time you want to buy something else from
them.
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Contact Us: Please prepare detail system configuration and error symptom before
contacting us. The part number, serial number and BIOS version are also very
helpful.
Part Number and Serial Number
The Part Number and Serial number are printed on bar code label. You can find this bar code label
on the outside packing, on ISA/CPU slot or on component side of PCB. For example:
P/N: 91.88110.201 is part number, S/N: 91949378KN73 is serial number
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Model name and BIOS version
Model name and BIOS version can be found on upper left corner of first boot screen (POST screen).
For example:
AX6BC R1.20 Jun.04.1999 AOpen Inc.
Award Plug and Play BIOS Extension v1.0A
Copyright © 1998, Award Software, Inc.
AX6BC is model name of motherboard, R1.20 is BIOS version.
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Web :
Online Manual
http://www.aopen.com/
Email : Send us email by going through the contact form below.
English
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techusa.htm
Japanese http://aojp.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techjp.htm
Chinese
http://w3.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techtw.htm
TEL:
USA
650-827-9688
Netherlands
+31 73-645-9516
China
(86) 755-375-3013
Taiwan
(886) 2-2696-1333
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