User guide | 3Com 9150 Network Router User Manual

3Com® AirConnect®
9550 11n 2.4+5GHz PoE
Access Point
3Com® AirConnect®
9150 11n 2.4GHz PoE
Access Point
User Guide
www.3com.com
Part number: 10016853 USER
GUIDE,AIRCONNECT 9550/9150
11N 2.4/5GHZ AP
M/N: WL-605 / WL-604
Published June 2008
3Com Corporation 350 Campus Drive Marlborough, MA 01752-3064
Copyright © 2008, 3Com Corporation. All rights reserved. No part of this documentation may be
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If there is any software on removable media described in this documentation, it is furnished under a license
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removable media in a directory file named LICENSE.TXT or !LICENSE.TXT. If you are unable to locate a copy,
contact 3Com and a copy will be provided to you.
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INTRODUCTION
Key Product Features ......................................................................... 7
Security ....................................................................................... 7
Performance and Reliability.......................................................... 8
Manageability.............................................................................. 8
Wireless Network Standards ........................................................ 9
802.11a................................................................................. 9
802.11b/g............................................................................ 10
IEEE 802.3af ........................................................................ 11
Installing Your 3com Wireless Access Point................................. 12
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS ACCESS POINT
Networks with a DHCP Server.......................................................... 13
Networks without a DHCP Server .................................................... 14
Launch the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager (Widman)
utility ......................................................................................... 15
Launching the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager 15
First Time Only ..................................................................... 19
System Status .................................................................................. 19
System Summary ....................................................................... 19
Wireless Station List ................................................................... 21
Event Log List.............................................................................
System Configuration ......................................................................
Setup Wizard .............................................................................
System Properties.......................................................................
Access Point mode ...............................................................
Wireless Bridge Mode...........................................................
IP Settings ..................................................................................
Wireless Network .......................................................................
Wireless Mode .....................................................................
Standard Channel ................................................................
Current Profiles ....................................................................
SSID .....................................................................................
BSSID ...................................................................................
Suppressed SSID...................................................................
VLAN ID ...............................................................................
Station Separation................................................................
Security ................................................................................
WEP .....................................................................................
WPA Only.............................................................................
WPA2-Only ..........................................................................
WPA2-Mixed ........................................................................
22
23
23
26
27
27
28
29
30
30
30
32
32
32
32
32
33
33
34
35
36
Profile (SSID) Isolation ..........................................................
WDS Link Settings .....................................................................
WDS Security Settings................................................................
Wireless Advanced Settings .......................................................
Transmit Power ....................................................................
Beacon Interval ....................................................................
Data Beacon Rate ................................................................
Association Timeout.............................................................
Fragment Length .................................................................
RTS/CTS Threshold ...............................................................
802.11d support..................................................................
Distance...............................................................................
Antenna Type.......................................................................
Aggregation Support ...........................................................
QoS .....................................................................................
Service.............................................................................................
Management VLAN ...................................................................
IAPP...........................................................................................
802.11F (IAPP) Support ........................................................
Ack-Policy ............................................................................
SNTP..........................................................................................
36
36
38
39
39
40
40
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
42
43
43
44
44
46
48
Syslog Function................................................................................
System Log ................................................................................
Syslog Server..............................................................................
Syslog Port .................................................................................
Syslog Level................................................................................
Management ...................................................................................
Administration ...........................................................................
SNMP ........................................................................................
MAC Filtering.............................................................................
Rogue AP Detection ...................................................................
Backup/ Restore Settings ............................................................
Firmware Auto Upgrade.............................................................
Firmware Manual Upgrade.........................................................
Rebooting ..................................................................................
Connecting Through the Com Port ..................................................
Restoring Factory Settings ................................................................
50
50
51
51
51
52
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
60
61
62
TROUBLESHOOTING
Diagnosing Problems ....................................................................... 63
OBTAINING SUPPORT FOR YOUR 3COM PRODUCT
Telephone Technical Support and Repair .......................................... 68
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
APPENDIX
Antennas Used per Mode ................................................................ 72
Console Cable Pin-out ..................................................................... 74
INDEX
1
INTRODUCTION
The 3Com AirConnect 9550 11n 2.4+5GHz PoE Access Point
and the 3Com AirConnect 9150 11n 2.4GHz PoE Access Point
are high performance access points that allow you to join
isolated wired Ethernet networks into a unified wireless local
area network (WLAN). The Access Point (AP) supports Wi-Fi
Protected Access security standards to provide a higher level of
security for network data and communications. The AP is also
fully compatible with IEEE 802.11a (the 9550 AP only), 802.11b,
802.11g, and 802.11n.
Key Product Features
The product operates using 11a (9550 AP only), 11b, 11g, or 11n
modes. This AP creates an enterprise-class wireless LAN,
supporting up to 64 simultaneous users.
Security
3Com offers one of the most robust suites of standards-based
security on the market today. To protect sensitive data broadcast
over the wireless LAN, 3Com supports Wireless Equivalent
Privacy (WEP) and Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA and WPA2).
8
Key Product Features
3Com strengthens this basic security mechanism with additional
security features, including MAC address access control lists, IEEE
802.1x per-port user authentication with RADIUS server
authentication support, Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP),
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), Wireless Protected Access
(WPA) and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) support:
EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, and PEAP.
Performance and Reliability
3Com wireless access point performance features ensure reliable
and seamless connections for users wherever they roam.
Automatic channel selection automatically finds the least loaded
channel for interference-free communication. Auto network
connect and dynamic rate shifting keep users connected through
a wide variety of conditions by changing to the optimum
connection speed as they move through the network.
Manageability
3Com offers a wide range of standards-based management
support, from SNMP to 3Com Network Supervisor and HP
OpenView for seamless integration with your wired network.
Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager and Wireless LAN Device
Discovery tools let you configure parameters, run diagnostics,
backup and restore configurations, and monitor performance
from anywhere on the network using an embedded web server
browser.
Key Product Features
9
With Power over Ethernet (PoE) support, the same Category 5
cable that connects your access point to the data network also
provides its power. A single cable installation dramatically
improves your choice of mounting configurations because you
no longer need to consider AC power outlet locations. PoE
support makes it easier than ever to overcome installation
problems with difficult-to-wire or hard-to-reach locations.
Wireless Network Standards
Understanding the characteristics of the 802.11a and 802.11g
standards can help you make the best choice for your wireless
implementation plans.
802.11a
Ratified in 2002, 802.11a operates at the 5GHz band and
supports data rates at up to 54Mbps. Because there are fewer
devices in the 5GHz band, there’s less potential for RF
interference. However, because it is at an entirely different radio
spectrum, it is not compatible with 802.11b and 802.11g.
The higher spectrum provides about 50m (164ft) of coverage.
Consider 802.11a when you need high throughput in a confined
space and you are:
■
Running high-bandwidth applications like voice, video, or
multimedia over a wireless network that can benefit from a
five-fold increase in data throughput.
10
Key Product Features
■
Transferring large files like computer-aided design files,
preprint publishing documents or graphics files, such as MRI
scans for medical applications that demand additional
bandwidth.
■
Supporting a dense user base confined to a small coverage
area. Because 802.11a has a greater number of
non-overlapping channels, you can pack more wireless
devices in a tighter space.
802.11b/g
802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n all operate in the 2.4GHz band.
802.11b can support data rate up to 11Mbps. 802.11g can
support data rate up to 54Mbps. 802.11n can support data rate
up to 300Mbps.They all support the widest coverage – up to
100m (328ft). It is however, subject to a greater risk of radio
interference because it operates in the more popular 2.4GHz
band.
Consider 802.11n when you need wider coverage and vendor
compatibility and you are:
■
Maintaining support for existing 802.11b and 802.11g users
and the existing wireless investment while providing for
expansion into 802.11n.
■
Implementing a complete wireless LAN solution, including
Ethernet Adapters, gateways, access points and clients; Wi-Fi
certification guarantees compatibility among vendors.
Key Product Features
■
11
Providing access to hot spots in public spaces such as coffee
shops or university cafeterias.
IEEE 802.3af
The IEEE 802.3af-2003 Power over Ethernet (PoE) standard
defines terminology to describe a port that acts as a power
source (PSE) to a powered device (PD). The IEEE 802.3af standard
states that power may be delivered by an end-point PSE, using
either the active data wires of an Ethernet port or the spare
wires, to a powered device. An end-point PSE, such as a Power
over Ethernet capable Ethernet switch, may implement either
scheme. If a mid-span PSE is used, then the mid-span PSE can
only implement power delivery over the spare pairs of the copper
cabling and cannot be used to deliver PoE over 1000BASE-T
connections. It should be noted that even if a device supports
both methods of providing power, only one mechanism may be
used to deliver power to a powered device.
The first mechanism is to use the data pairs (pins 1, 2 & 3, 6) to
transmit power, which is sometimes referred to as "phantom"
power. The second power delivery mechanism is to use the
unused, from a 10/100BASE-T perspective, pairs (pins 4, 5 & 7,
8) to deliver power that is supported within mid-span power
delivery.
12
Key Product Features
Installing Your 3com Wireless Access Point
To set up and install your 3Com Wireless Access Point, please refer
to the 3Com® AirConnect® 9550 11n 2.4+5GHz PoE Access Point
3CRWE955075 / WL-605 3Com® AirConnect® 9150 11n 2.4GHz
PoE Access Point 3CRWE915075 / WL-604 Quick Start Guide (Part
Number 10016854).
Networks with a DHCP Server
2
13
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS
ACCESS POINT
If the default AP configuration does not meet your network
requirements, or if you want to customize the settings for your
own network, you can use these tools to change the
configuration:
■
Launch the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
(Widman) utility
■
Directly connect to the device through its Ethernet port or
console port
Networks with a DHCP Server
If your network has a DHCP server, an IP address is automatically
assigned to the AP. It takes between one and two minutes for
the Access Point to determine if there is a DHCP server on the
network. Use the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
(Widman) included on the 3Com Installation CD to locate the
Access Point on the network and view its IP address.
14
Networks without a DHCP Server
After you determine the AP’s IP address, you can enter that IP
address into a web browser on a computer on the same subnet to
view the Access Point’s system status or change its configuration.
Networks without a DHCP Server
If your network does not have a DHCP server, the Access Point
uses a factory assigned IP address (169.254.2.111). You can use
that IP address to configure the Access Point, or you can assign a
new IP address to the Access Point.
To verify that the Access Point is using the default IP address
assigned at the factory:
1
Connect a computer directly to the Access Point using the
supplied standard Category 5 UTP Ethernet cable.
2
Enter the Access Point’s default IP address (169.254.2.111)
into the computer’s web browser. If the Configuration
Management System starts, the Access Point is using the
factory assigned IP address. You can configure the Access
Point with the following login information:
■
Login name: admin
■
Password: password
If the Configuration Management System does not start, the
Access Point is on a different subnet than the computer. Install
and start the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager to
discover the Access Point’s IP address.
Networks without a DHCP Server
15
Launch the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
(Widman) utility
1
Turn on the computer.
2
Insert the 3Com Installation CD into the CD-ROM drive.
The CD will Autorun. If it does not Autorun, you can start the
setup menu from the Windows Start menu. For example: Start >
Run > d\:setup.exe.
3
In the menu click Tools and Utilities.
4
In the next screen, click the software you want to install.
5
Follow the on screen instructions to complete the installation.
Reboot the computer if prompted to do so.
Launching the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure
Device Manager
To be able to configure the Access Point you need to run the
Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager. Go to Start > Programs
> 3Com Wireless > Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
16
Networks without a DHCP Server
If the device is working correctly the following screen should be
seen.
Figure 1 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
Networks without a DHCP Server
Click on the Properties button to see the following screen:
Figure 2 Wireless Infrastructure Device Properties
17
18
Networks without a DHCP Server
Directly connect to the device through its Ethernet port or console
port.
Follow the instructions below to log into the AP Configuration
screen:
1
Load a web browser and enter http://169.254.2.111
2
The Log On screen appears
Figure 3 Logon Screen
To log on to the Web interface:
1
Username, type admin (case sensitive)
2
Password, type password
3
Click Log On.
System Status
19
First Time Only
After you have logged on for the first time you will be asked to
select your country from the drop down menu.
Figure 4 Country Selection
System Status
The Web interface has been designed to enable you to easily
perform advanced configuration tasks and view information
about the AP.
System Summary
After you click Log On from the Log On Screen, you’ll see the
system status page on the screen. The System summary page is
the default page that will pop up once you successfully log on.
20
System Status
The system summary page shows all the configuration
information about your AP, as shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5 System Summary
System Status
21
Wireless Station List
Through the Wireless Station List page, you can easily identify
the adjacent wireless stations. It will automatically observe the
adjacent wireless station’s ID (if specified), MAC address, SSID
and current status.
Figure 6 Wireless Station List
22
System Status
Event Log List
The event log list stores a record of all the events within this
designated WLAN.
Figure 7 Event Log List
System Configuration
23
System Configuration
In this section, you will learn how to configure the basic
functions of your AP.
Setup Wizard
The Setup Wizard will walk you through setting up the AP. To
start the Setup Wizard, click Setup Wizard.
1
Figure 8 allows you to set up the following information:
■
SSID (Service Set Identifier) – This is the name of wireless
network. Input 1-32 characters
■
Wireless Mode – Choose the required network mode from
the drop down menu.
■
Standard Channel – Choose a channel from the drop down
menu or select SmartSelect (recommended) to let the device
select a channel.
24
System Configuration
Figure 8 2.4G Radio Wireless Network
2
Click Next to continue the configuration or click Cancel to start
again.
3
Figure 9 allows you to set up the following information:
■
IP Network Setting – Check to either obtain an IP address
via DHCP or specify an IP Address manually.
■
IP Address – Enter the IP address that you want to assign.
■
IP Subnet Mask – Enter your networks subnet address.
■
Default Gateway – If used, enter the gateway address that
the device should go through.
System Configuration
25
Figure 9 IP Settings
4
Figure 10 allows you choose the security settings. Choose from
the following settings in the drop down menu:
■
No security
■
WEP
■
WPA - Only
■
WPA2 - Only
■
WPA2 - Mixed
26
System Configuration
Figure 10 2.4G Wireless Security Settings
5
Click Cancel to close without saving, click Finish to save the
settings, or click Back to return to Figure 9.
System Properties
The System properties page allows you to define Device name,
location, operation modes and Load Type.
There are two operation modes to choose from:
System Configuration
27
Access Point mode
A Wireless LAN data transceiver that uses radio waves to connect
a wired network with wireless station.
Wireless Bridge Mode
A wireless bridge connects two separate networks operating on
the 802.11 standard.
Figure 11 System Properties
28
System Configuration
IP Settings
This setting must match the network’s method of IP address
assignment. Choose Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
or Static IP. With DHCP, IP addresses are assigned for
predetermined periods of time. Choose Static IP if your network
does not have an automatic system for IP address assignment.
Figure 12 IP Settings
System Configuration
29
Wireless Network
The Wireless Access Point supports Multiple SSIDs which allows it
to act as multiple APs appearing in a Wireless LAN network. You
can configure up to 4 SSIDs on the device.
Figure 13 Wireless Network
30
System Configuration
Wireless Mode
You can select your desired wireless operating mode from the
drop-down box.
Standard Channel
Select the channel for your wireless LAN in Standard Channel
block. The default setting is SmartSelect. It selects the channel
which provides the best transmission quality. The available
frequencies vary depending on which wireless mode you select.
Current Profiles
A maximum of four profiles can be configured. Check the Enable
button to activate a profile. Click the Edit button to change its
configuration.
System Configuration
Figure 14 SSID Profile Settings
31
32
System Configuration
SSID
Service Set Identifier. This is the assigned name for a wireless Wi-Fi
network. Stations must use this unique identifier to communicate
with an Access Point. The SSID can be any alphanumeric entry up
to a maximum of 32 characters.
BSSID
Basic Service Set Identifier. This is the assigned MAC address of
the station in the access point. This unique identifier is in Hex
format.
Suppressed SSID
If you want to disable the broadcast of your SSID, you should
check the Suppressed SSID box. It is also known as SSID
Broadcast disable or Hide SSID.
VLAN ID
If your network uses VLANs, you can assign an SSID to a VLAN.
Client devices using the SSID are grouped in that VLAN.
Station Separation
Enable Station Separation if you want to prevent stations
connected to this profile from accessing each other.
System Configuration
33
Security
There are four levels of security available and all have differing
properties:
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy data encryption provides data security.
WEP Share Key authentication and WEP data encryption will
block all but the most determined hacker.
Figure 15 SSID Profile Settings
34
System Configuration
1
To add WEP, from the drop down list choose open-system or
shared key authentication.
2
Select the desired input method (HEX or ASCII)
3
From the drop down list choose from 40/64, 104/128,
128/152 key lengths.
WPA Only
Wi-Fi Protected Access was constructed to provide improved data
encryption, (which was weak in WEP), and to provide user
authentication.
Figure 16 SSID Profile Settings
System Configuration
35
Only allows WPA clients to connect to the VAP.
You can choose TKIP or AES as the encryption method
The Group key update interval is configurable; the default value
is 1800 seconds
You can choose personal mode (PSK) or enterprise mode
(802.1X) authentication The default is PSK.
If you choose PSK, you will need to enter a pass phrase of 8-63
ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits.
If you choose 802.1X, you will need access to a RADIUS server,
port and secret.
WPA2-Only
Only allows WPA 2 clients to connect to the VAP.
You can choose TKIP or AES for the encryption method
The Group key update interval is configurable, with a default
value of 1800 seconds
You can choose personal mode (PSK) or enterprise mode
(802.1X) authentication. The default is PSK.
If you choose PSK, you will need to enter a pass phrase of 8-63
ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits.
If you choose 802.1X, you will need access to a RADIUS server,
port and secret.
36
System Configuration
WPA2-Mixed
Only allows WPA and WPA2 clients to connect to the VAP.
You can choose TKIP or AES as the encryption method.
The Group key update interval is configurable, with a default
value of 1800 seconds.
You can choose personal mode (PSK) or enterprise mode (802.1X)
authentication. The default setting is PSK.
If you choose PSK, you will need to enter a pass phrase of 8-63
ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits.
If you choose 802.1X, you will need access to a RADIUS server,
port and secret.
Profile (SSID) Isolation
Stations connected to different profiles cannot access each other.
Choose from No Isolation (Full access), or to Isolate all Profiles
(SSIDs) from each other, check use VLAN (802.1Q) standard.
WDS Link Settings
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) allows access points to
communicate with one another wirelessly in a standardized way. It
can also simplify the network infrastructure by reducing the
amount of cabling required.
System Configuration
37
Figure 17 WDS Link Settings
Supports up to 8 point to multipoint WDS links. Check Enable
WDS and then Enable on the MAC addresses want to link to.
Enter the MAC addresses of any other APs you want to link to.
Example of a WDS topology:
AP1 <-- WDS --> Master AP (our AP) <-- WDS --> AP3<-- WDS
--> AP4
38
System Configuration
WDS Security Settings
Figure 18 WDS Security Settings
Choose the required security level from:
■
None
■
WEP
■
WPA-PSK (TKIP)
■
WPA-PSK (AES)
If using WEP security, enter the WEP key. If using WPA, enter the
pass phrase.
System Configuration
39
Wireless Advanced Settings
To configure advanced wireless settings, click Wireless
Advanced Settings. The toolbar and Wireless Advanced
Settings menu appears.
Figure 19 Wireless Advanced Settings
Transmit Power
Choose one of the following power levels: Full, Half (-3dB),
Quarter (-6dB), Eighth (-9dB) or Minimum. The default is Full.
40
System Configuration
Beacon Interval
Choose an interval time between 25ms and 1000ms for each
beacon transmission. The default is 100ms.
Data Beacon Rate
The Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM). Specify the data
beacon rate between 1 and 255. The default is 1.
Association Timeout
Set the value for the maximum time allowed for a wireless
association to be established. When this time is exceeded, the
connection is lost. The default value is 5 mins.
Fragment Length
Specify maximum packet size used for fragmentation. Packets
larger than the size programmed in this field will be fragmented.
The Fragment Threshold value must be larger than the RTS
Threshold value. The default is 2346.
RTS/CTS Threshold
Request To Send threshold. Specify the packet size used to
determine if it should use the CSMA/CA mechanism or the
CSMA/CD mechanism.
System Configuration
41
802.11d support
802.1d allows the device to communicate in areas where the
802.11 standard is not allowed. It adds features and restrictions
to ensure compliance.
Distance
The maximum distance between client or AP and device. The
default value is 1km.
Antenna Type
If you would like to use external antennas (to replace the original
internal antennas), check External Antenna. Then specify one
of the antenna types from the drop down menu, where the
options are:
■
3CWE591 3com 6/8dBi Dual-Band Omni Antenna
■
3CWE596 3com 18/20dBi Dual-Band Panel Antenna
■
3CWE598 3com 8/10dBi Dual-Band Panel Antenna
Aggregation Support
Sets the aggregation type:
■
A-MPDU : Aggregate MAC protocol data unit.
■
A-MSDU : Aggregate MAC service data unit.
The default value is A-MPDU.
42
System Configuration
QoS
This section provides the administrator with the Quality of Service
(QoS) data.
The QoS setting is only available in AP Mode.
The QoS Setting should be modified with caution because radio
behavior is affected. These parameters can be modified when QoS
service is Enabled.
Service
43
Service
Management VLAN
If you reconfigure the Management VLAN ID, you may lose
connectivity to the access point. Verify that the switch and DHCP
server can support the reconfigured VLAN ID, and then
re-connect to the new IP address.
Figure 20 Management VLAN
44
Service
IAPP
Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP)
Figure 21 IAPP
802.11F (IAPP) Support
Choose either Enable or Disable
IAPP allows multiple access points to communicate and pass
location information about their associated stations. If you enable
802.11F support you should manually add BSSID/IP mapping:
1
Enter the BSSID and IP addresses of the AP.
Service
2
45
Click Add
Only stations roaming from one of the listed APs to this AP are
allowed to re-associate with this AP. Others will be requested to
go through the full association process.
Figure 22 VME Parameters of Access Point
46
Service
Ack-Policy
When the Ack-Policy is checked. The device will not send ACK
frames. The default value is disabled.
Setting
Min Contention
Window
Max Contention
Window
Fixed Slot Time
Transmit
Opportunity Limit
Description
For each access category, enter the minimum
contention window value. Channel access is
prioritized by assigning smaller contention
window values to a higher priority traffic class. If a
channel is busy or a transmission collides, a node
chooses a random number between 0 and the
current contention window minimum.
For each access category, enter the maximum
contention window value. The minimum
contention window value is doubled each time a
collision occurs until the maximum is reached. A
small contention window value decreases the
access delay but increases the probability of a
collision.
For each access category, enter the fixed slot time.
Channel access can be strictly prioritized by
assigning smaller contention window values to a
higher priority traffic class. Traffic in the access
category must wait for this fixed number of slots
after each packet is received before resuming its
random back-off.
Enter the number of microseconds that qualified
transmitters can transmit through the normal
back-off procedure with a set of pending packets.
Larger values allow a client to control the channel
for longer periods of time, allowing it to achieve
higher throughput in this access category at the
expense of longer access times for all access
categories.
Service
Setting
Admission
Control
Description
Note: In this release, clients are blocked from
using an access category when they select Enable
for Admission Control. The Admission Control
check box controls client use of the access
categories. When you enable admission control
for an access category, clients associated to the
access point must complete the WMM admission
control procedure before they can use that access
category. However, access points do not support
the admission control procedure in this release, so
clients cannot use the access category when you
enable Admission Control.
default : disable
The default value table:
AC TYPE
AC_BK
AC_BE
AC_VI
AC_VO
(3)
47
Min
Contention
Window
(2x-1; x can
be 0-10)
4
4
3
Max
Contention
Window
(2x-1; x can
be 0-10)
10
6
4
2
3
Fixed
Slot
Time
(0-15)
Transmit
Opportunity
(0-65535 µS)
7
3
1
0
0
3008 (6016
when 11b)
1554 (3264
when 11b)
1
48
Service
SNTP
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) allows the administrator to
configure the network time settings.
Figure 23 SNTP
Service
49
The following settings can be configured.
SNTP client
enable/disable
Set Time
Timezone selection
Daylight Saving
Primary and
Secondary SNTP
server/port setting
Click enable or disable.
If it is disabled, the user has to input time
manually.
If it is enabled, the device will try to fetch time
from configured SNTP servers.
Specify Year, Month, Day, Hour, and Minute.
These fields are grayed out and un-configurable if
SNTP is enabled.
This selection adjusts the time obtained from the
SNTP server.
Note: This selection does not affect manual time
input as they are considered to be input at the
same time.
The start/end date of daylight saving changes
automatically based on the time zone selection.
Note: Start and End dates can be input manually,
to avoid any regional policy changes.
If SNTP is enabled, this device will try to fetch
time from the Primary server first. The timeout for
Primary NTP server is 5 seconds.
If the Primary NTP server fails after 5 seconds the
Secondary NTP server will be tried for 5 seconds.
In the event that the Secondary server fails, the
device will wait for 60 seconds before trying the
Primary server again. This continues until a time is
available.
To avoid using an invalid NTP server address, this device stores
the fetched/configured time. After it boots up, it uses the stored
time first and adjusts time if time is fetched.
50
Syslog Function
Syslog Function
In the event of an error the device can send a message to a
specified server.
Figure 24 SysLog
System Log
Click either Enable or Disable to activate or deactivate the system
log function.
Syslog Function
51
Syslog Server
Enter the IP address of the server that receives the error
information. The default IP address is 0.0.0.0
Syslog Port
Enter the port number that your server can be accessed by. The
default port number is 514.
Syslog Level
Choose from the following levels, listed in order of severity of the
detail to be recorded. The default setting is Error.
■
Emergency - System is unusable
■
Alert - Action must be taken immediately
■
Critical - Critical condition
■
Error - Error condition
■
Warning - Warning condition
■
Notice - Normal, but significant condition
■
Informational - Informational messages
52
Management
Management
This section describes how to use the management and
information features of your Wireless Access Point.
Administration
In this section, you can change the user administrator name and
password. The default Administrator name is admin (case
sensitive), and password is password. Click Apply to save
changes.
Figure 25 Administration
Management
53
SNMP
Figure 26 SNMP
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
administrative functions are changed through this screen. The
following functions can be changed:
■
Enable/Disable SNMP
■
Contact info
■
Community names for read-only and read/write
■
Trap destination IP address
■
Community name
54
Management
MAC Filtering
Figure 27 Access Control List
MAC filtering allows the administrator to filter MAC addresses of
network cards that can access the access point. On this screen you
can:
■
Enable/Disable filter
■
Change filter rule to allow or deny
■
Add/delete MAC addresses in the filter table
This function is only available in AP mode.
Management
55
Rogue AP Detection
Figure 28 Rogue AP Detection
Unspecified Access Points may try to access the network through
this device. Rogue AP detection can prevent this.
■
Change Rogue AP definition.
■
Legal AP list - The list of allowed access points.
■
Detect rogue AP – All channels are scanned and Access
Points without security, or not in legal AP, are considered
rogue.
This function is only available in AP mode.
56
Management
Backup/ Restore Settings
This screen allows the user to backup the Access Point’s current
settings and restore back to the factory default. Once you have
the Access Point working properly you should backup the
information to have it available if something goes wrong.
Figure 29 Backup/Restore Settings
Management
57
Firmware Auto Upgrade
The Wireless Access Point can auto upgrade the firmware if there
is a newer version available. If you enable the Auto Upgrade
function, the Wireless Access Point will automatically check for
an updated version of firmware in the assigned FTP server for
each time interval assigned. Remember to insert the correct FTP
server IP address, username, password, and path to the FTP
server.
Figure 30 Firmware Auto Upgrade
58
Management
Firmware Manual Upgrade
On this screen, you can see the current firmware version of your
AP. You can also manually upgrade your firmware by entering the
path to your new firmware file.
Figure 31 Firmware Upgrade
Once you have chosen the upgrade file click Upgrade.
Management
Figure 32 Result
59
60
Management
Rebooting
You can reboot the Wireless access point from the browser
interface.
After you click reboot, the following window displays.
Figure 33 Reboot
After rebooting, the login page automatically displays.
Connecting Through the Com Port
61
Connecting Through the Com Port
Instead of using an IP address to configure the Access Point a
Null modem cable, connected to the RJ-45 Console Port, can be
used.
In your terminal settings ensure that the following configuration
is met:
■
Bits per Second – 15200
■
Data Bits – 8
■
Parity – None
■
Stop bits – 1
■
Flow Control - none
Once connected enter the user name and password. The default
values are as follows:
■
Username: admin
■
Password: password
Once logged in, type”?” for a list of commands.
62
Restoring Factory Settings
Restoring Factory Settings
The Access Point can be reset to the default factory settings either
through the web browser (see “Backup/ Restore Settings” on
page 56) or manually.
To restore the settings manually, insert a pointed object (such as
the end of a straightened paper clip) into the reset hole on the
side of the Access Point, and hold for five seconds.
Reset Hole
Figure 34 Reset Hole Location
Diagnosing Problems
A
63
TROUBLESHOOTING
Diagnosing Problems
If you have difficulty with the Access point, try the following
solutions.
Symptom
After you change the IP address, restore a backup configuration,
or reset the Access Point to factory defaults, the Configuration
Management System stops responding and you cannot continue
configuring the Access point. If you change the IP address and
click Apply, you cannot continue to configure the device using
the old IP address. Similarly, after you restore a backup
configuration or reset the Access Point to factory defaults, the IP
address setting may be changed.
Solution
To recover from this situation and continue configuring the
Access Point:
1
Close your browser.
64
Diagnosing Problems
2
Return to the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
and click Refresh.
3
Select the device and click Configure to start a new
configuration session and set its IP address.
Symptom
The Wireless Network Tree does not appear in the 3Com Wireless
Infrastructure Device Manager window.
Solution
Verify that you are using the correct network adapter. In the
device manager window, click Choose NIC. Select the network
adapter for the network you want to scan, and click OK.
Symptom
The Access point has a yellow exclamation point (!) next to it in
the Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager.
Solution
The Access Point is on a different subnet than the computer
attempting to configure it. To recover from this situation and
continue configuring the Access point:
1
Close your browser.
2
Return to the 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device Manager
and click Refresh.
3
Select the device and click Configure to start a new
configuration session.
Diagnosing Problems
4
65
Make sure the subnet address matches that of the computer.
Symptom
Two Access Points cannot communicate in ad-hoc mode.
Solution
Adjust the positions of the Access Points to improve reception.
To ensure correct operation in ad-hoc mode, the settings on the
two Access Points must match exactly.
Launch the Access Point Configuration Management System and
make sure that the Wireless LAN Service Area, channel
selections, Data Preamble setting, and security setting are the
same on both Access points.
Symptom
You are running Windows NT. After you connect the Access
Point, your computer cannot obtain a valid IP address.
Solution (s)
The Access Point configuration settings may not be compatible
with the network. If they are not, and your Windows NT
computer is set up to obtain its IP address from a DHCP server,
the Access Point is unable to associate with the network to
obtain the IP address.
To work around this, set a static IP address on your computer.
Then set the Access Point configuration to match the network.
When the Access Point is able to associate, reset your computer
to obtain its IP address from the DHCP server. If the Access Point
66
Diagnosing Problems
should also obtain its IP settings from the DHCP server, make sure
this is configured properly on the IP Network page and applied
just before ending the session.
Symptom
Disconnecting the Access Point
Solution
To disconnect the Access Point:
CAUTION: Disconnecting the Access Point ends the network
association. To avoid possible data loss, exit all networking
applications on connected devices before you disconnect the
Access Point.
1
Unplug the Access point Ethernet cable from the hub or other
device.
2
Unplug the Access point power cord.
Symptom
Uninstalling Software and Documentation
Solution
If you want to uninstall the 3Com 11a/b/g/n Wireless Workgroup
Access point software and documentation, you can either use the
standard operating system procedure for removing programs or
use the following shortcut:
Diagnosing Problems
67
From the Windows Start menu, select Start > Programs > 3Com
Wireless > Uninstall 3Com Wireless Infrastructure Device
Manager.
When prompted to confirm, click OK.
Symptom
Upgrading Access Point Firmware.
Solution
Firmware is the software that is installed on the Access Point at
the factory. Some problems can be solved by installing a new
version of the firmware.
For details on how to download a firmware update from the
3Com customer support Web site and install it on your Access
Point, see “Firmware Auto Upgrade” on page 57 or “Firmware
Manual Upgrade” on page 58.
68
B
Telephone Technical Support and Repair
OBTAINING SUPPORT FOR YOUR
3COM PRODUCT
Telephone Technical Support and Repair
To obtain telephone support as part of your warranty and other
service benefits, you must first register your product at:
http://eSupport.3Com.com/
When you contact 3Com for assistance, have the following
information ready:
■
Product model name, part number, and serial number
■
A list of system hardware and software, including revision
level
■
Diagnostic error messages
■
Details about recent configuration changes, if applicable
To send a product directly to 3Com for repair, you must first
obtain a return materials authorization number (RMA). Products
sent to 3Com without authorization numbers clearly marked on
the outside of the package will be returned to the sender
unopened, at the sender’s expense. If your product is registered
Telephone Technical Support and Repair
69
and under warranty, you can obtain an RMA number online at
http://eSupport.3Com.com/. First-time users must apply for a
user name and password.
Telephone numbers are correct at the time of publication. Find a
current directory of 3Com resources by region at:
http://csoweb4.3Com.com/contactus/
70
C
Telephone Technical Support and Repair
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
Customer shall take all steps necessary to protect Wind River's
and its licensors' proprietary rights in the Run-Time Module and to
ensure that each Run-Time Module distributed by Customer will
be accompanied by a localized copy of an End-User License
Agreement.
Such End-User License Agreement shall prohibit the End User
from: (i) copying the Run-Time Module, except for archive
purposes consistent with the End User's archive procedures; (ii)
transferring the Run-Time Module to a third party apart from the
Target Application; (iii) modifying, decompiling, disassembling,
reverse engineering or otherwise attempting to derive the Source
Code of the Run-Time Module; (iv) exporting the Run-Time
Module or underlying technology in contravention of applicable
U.S. and foreign export laws and regulations; and (v) using the
Run-Time Module other than in connection with operation of the
Target Application.
In addition, the End-User License Agreement shall: (i) state that
the Run-Time Module is licensed, not sold and that Customer and
its licensors retain ownership of all copies of the Run-Time
Module; (ii) expressly disclaim all implied warranties, including
Telephone Technical Support and Repair
71
without limitation the implied warranties of merchantability,
fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement; (iii)
exclude liability for any special, indirect, punitive, incidental and
consequential damages; and (iv) require that any further
distribution of the Run-Time Module be subject to the same
restrictions set forth herein.
The End-User License Agreement shall also state that, with
respect to the Run-Time Module, Wind River and its licensors are
third party beneficiaries of the End-User License Agreement and
that the provisions related to the Run-Time Module are made
expressly for the benefit of, and are enforceable by, Wind River
and its licensors.
72
D
Antennas Used per Mode
APPENDIX
Antennas Used per Mode
The AP has three external antenna connectors, labelled A, B and
C, as shown below.
A
B
C
Figure 35 External Antenna Connectors
Antennas Used per Mode
73
In some modes, not all of the connectors are in use.
The following table defines which external antenna connectors
are used in which mode:
Mode
2x3
2x2
1x1
Antennas Used
A,B,C
A,C
A
Note: When using 1x1 mode, either in WDS mode or in AP mode
using the 3CWE591 Omni antenna, only connector A is active.
This is the connector on the far right, looking at the AP with the
3Com logo facing you. No other connectors are active in this
mode.
When in WDS mode:
■
select 1X1 mode when peers are omni-directional,
distributed around the central node in a point-multipoint
link.
■
select 2X2 mode for a point-to-point link, using either the
3CWE596 or 3CW598 panel antenna. The antennas must
both point in the same direction, with one antenna rotated
90 degrees, in order for MIMO to function correctly.
Note: In 2x2 mode, the two outer connectors (A and C) are
active. The connector in the middle (B) is not active and should
not be used.
74
Console Cable Pin-out
Console Cable Pin-out
8
1
P1
5
1
P2
9
6
Console Cable Pin-out
75
Figure 36 RJ45 to D-SUB 9 pin cable
P1
Pin no.
8
6
2
1
5
3
4
7
WIRE COLOR
YELLOW
BROWN
GRAY
GREEN
RED
BLUE
BLACK
WHITE
P2
Pin no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
For part numbers and purchasing information, visit the 3COM
Web site (http://www.3com.com).
76
Console Cable Pin-out
INDEX
Numerics
D
802.11a ...................................9
802.11b/g ..............................10
802.11d .................................41
Data Beacon Rate ...................40
default IP address ............ 14, 51
Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM) ............................40
Device Manager ... 8, 13, 15, 67
DHCP Server ...........................13
A
Access Point mode .................27
Administration .......................52
Advanced Settings ..................39
Antennas Used per Mode .......72
F
Backup ...................................56
Beacon Interval .......................40
BSSID .....................................32
factory settings .......................62
Firmware ................................67
Auto Upgrade .................57
Manual Upgrade .............58
Fixed Slot Time .......................46
Fragment Length ....................40
C
I
Com Port ...............................61
Configuring ............................13
Console Cable ........................74
Contention .............................46
IAPP .......................................44
IEEE 802.3af ...........................11
Inter-Access Point Protocol .....44
IP Settings ..............................28
B
L
login ................................ 14, 18
M
MAC Filtering ........................ 54
Management VLAN ............... 43
P
Password ............ 14, 18, 52, 61
Power over Ethernet (PoE) ....... 9
Q
Quality of Service (QoS) ......... 42
R
Rebooting ............................. 60
Restore .................................. 56
Rogue AP Detection .............. 55
RTS Threshold ........................ 40
S
Security ................................... 7
Setting Up ............................. 23
Simple Network Management Pro-
tocol (SNMP) .......................... 53
Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) .................................... 48
SSID .................................23, 32
Suppressed SSID ............. 32
System Properties ................... 26
System Summary .................... 19
T
terminal settings .................... 61
Transmit Power ...................... 39
U
Username .............................. 61
V
VLAN ID ................................. 32
W
WDS ...................................... 36
Security Settings ............. 38
Wi-Fi Protected Access ........... 34
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) 33
Wireless Distribution System ... 36
Wireless Network Standards .....9
WPA ......................................34
WPA2 ............................. 35, 36
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