3M GD-2 Carbon Monoxide Alarm User Manual

3
Macurco™
Combustible Gas Detector GD-2
User Instructions for the 3M Macurco™ Combustible Gas Detector GD-2
Important: These User Instructions are to be provided to the homeowner/end
user upon product installation.
GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
INTENDED USE
The GD-2A is a low voltage (12-24 VAC or VDC) electronic detector of combustible,
heating type gases. The GD-2A is designed for connection to UL Listed Fire Alarm/
Burglary Control Panels. NOTE: Any time the words “Control Panel” or “Alarm Panel”
or “Alarm Control Panel” are used in these instructions, they refer to a UL Listed
Fire Alarm/Burglary Control Panel. Alarm control panels that work on 12 or 24 VDC
can provide battery backup to the GD-2A detectors. This combustible gas detector
has been evaluated by UL for methane (natural gas) and propane (LP) gas. It is NOT
designed to detect smoke, fire or carbon monoxide.
LIST OF WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS
W WARNING
3M Occupational Health and
Environmental Safety Division
3M Center, Building 0235-02-W-70
St. Paul, MN 55144-1000
Printed in U.S.A.
3M and Macurco are trademarks of 3M.
© 2010 3M Company. All rights reserved.
98-0060-0162-6/2
34-8704-8986-0
W WARNING
Each person installing or using this equipment must read and understand the
information in these User Instructions before use. Installation of this equipment by
untrained or unqualified persons, or use that is not in accordance with these User
Instructions may adversely affect product performance and result in sickness or
death. For proper use see User Instructions or call 3M in U.S.A., 1-800-243-4630.
In Canada, call Technical Service at 1-800-267-4414.
The GD-2A is an electronic detector of combustible gases. The GD-2A is designed
for connection to UL Listed Fire Alarm/Burglary Control Panels. This combustible
gas detector has been evaluated by UL for methane (natural) and propane (LP) gas.
It is NOT designed to detect smoke, fire or carbon monoxide. Once the GD-2A is
operational (ARMED) the green light will be on continuously. If gas is detected the red
LED (ALARM) turns on and the alarm relay activates to indicate the alarm condition at
the control panel. In the configuration, as shipped from the factory, the GD-2A is selfrestoring meaning that when the air clears of gas, the red light turns off and the relay
switches to its normal state.
If you suspect a gas leak, alert others and have everyone leave immediately.
• Do not light a match. Do not turn lights on or off. Do not use any electrical
switches, including a garage door opener. Do not use the telephone,
including cell phones. The electrical current in a phone, light or electric
switch is enough to spark an explosion.
• Go outside to a safe place away from the suspect area and only then call
the gas company for help or in an emergency call 911.
• Stay away from your home until someone in authority tells you it is safe to
return.
• Each person using this equipment must read and understand the
information in these User Instructions before use. Use of this equipment
by untrained or unqualified persons, or use that is not in accordance with
these User Instructions, may adversely affect product performance and
result in sickness or death.
• Use only for monitoring the gas which the sensor and detector are
designed to monitor. Failure to do so may result in exposures to gases not
detectable and cause sickness or death. For proper use, see supervisor
or User Instructions, or call 3M in U.S.A., 1-800-243-4630. In Canada, call
Technical Service at 1-800-267-4414.
• GD-2A may not function effectively below 32ºF (0ºC) or above
120ºF (50ºC). Using the detector outside of this temperature range may
adversely affect product performance and result in sickness or death.
• This detector helps monitor for the presence and concentration level of
certain specified airborne gases. Misuse may produce an inaccurate reading,
which means that higher levels of the gas being monitored may be present
and could result in overexposure and cause sickness or death. For proper
use, see supervisor or User Instructions, or call 3M in U.S.A.,
1-800-243-4630. In Canada, call Technical Service at 1-800-267-4414.
• The GD-2A is not designed to measure compliance with Occupational
Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) commercial or industrial standards.
• When the unit is powered up it performs a self-test during which the
green LED light will blink for a period of one and one half to two minutes.
Afterward, the green LED light will turn on continuously to indicate the unit
is in normal operation (ARMED). If the self-test fails or the green LED light
does not turn on continuously do not use. Failure to do so may adversely
affect product performance and result in sickness or death.
• Immediately exit the environment if there is an alarm condition on the
detector. Failure to do so may result in sickness or death.
• This detector will only indicate the presence of combustible gas at the
sensor. Combustible gas may be present in other areas. Accommodation
spaces should be well ventilated when household cleaning supplies or
similar contaminants are used.
• Do not cover or obstruct visual alarm LED. Doing so may adversely affect
product performance and result in sickness or death.
• Do not disassemble unit or attempt to repair or modify any component
of this detector. This detector contains no user serviceable parts, and
substitution of components may adversely affect product performance and
result in sickness or death.
CAUTION
• Avoid the use of harsh cleaning materials, abrasives and other organic solvents.
Such materials may permanently scratch the surfaces, damage the sensor,
labels, or instrument housing.
• If you have any doubts about the applicability of the equipment to your job
situation, consult an industrial hygienist or call 3M at 1-800-243-4630. In
Canada, call Technical Service at 1-800-267-4414.
USE INSTRUCTIONS AND LIMITATIONS
W WARNING
Each person using this equipment must read and understand the information
in these User Instructions before use. Use of this equipment by untrained
or unqualified persons, or use that is not in accordance with these User
Instructions, may adversely affect product performance and result in
sickness or death.
USE FOR
The GD-2A is an electronic detector of combustible, heating type gases (natural gas
and propane), designed for connection to alarm control panels. It can operate on 12
to 24 VDC power from standby or interruptible panel power, or be powered separately.
The GD-2A is intended for installation in buildings in non-hazardous locations such as
residences, retail stores, office buildings, and institutional buildings.
W WARNING
Use only for monitoring the gas which the sensor and detector are designed
to monitor. Failure to do so may result in exposures to gases not detectable
and cause sickness or death. For proper use, see supervisor or User
Instructions, or call 3M in U.S.A., 1-800-243-4630. In Canada, call Technical
Service at 1-800-267-4414.
DO NOT USE FOR
The GD-2A is NOT intended for use in industrial applications such as refineries,
chemical plants, etc. The GD-2A does NOT detect carbon monoxide. Do NOT mount
the GD-2A in a corner. The GD-2A is designed for connection to UL Listed Fire Alarm/
Burglary Control Panels. Do not connect the GD-2A to Fire Alarm Circuits, or Burglar
Alarm or other signals. The Alarm Control Panel must be dedicated to gas detection or
have alarm devices that provide a distinctive alarm for gas detection. Do NOT mount
the GD-2A in kitchens or bathrooms - alcohols, ammonia, cleaning solvents, paint
thinner, gasoline vapors, and aerosol propellants (aerosol cans such as hair spray
usually contain a combustible gas) may cause nuisance alarms.
W WARNING
GD-2A may not function effectively below 32ºF (0°C) or above 120ºF (50°C).
Using the detector outside of this temperature range may adversely affect
product performance and result in sickness or death.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The GD-2A is a low voltage (12-24 VAC or VDC) electronic detector of combustible,
heating type gases, that has been evaluated by UL for methane (natural gas) and
propane (LP) gas. The GD-2A is designed for connection to UL Listed Fire Alarm/
Burglary Control Panels. The GD-2A has a SPDT Alarm relay, for connection to control
panels or other devices. The GD-2A does NOT detect carbon monoxide. The GD-2A
does not have an internal audible sounder.
FEATURES
• LISTED TO UL STANDARD 2075 FOR THE STANDARD FOR SAFETY FOR GAS AND
VAPOR DETECTOR AND SENSORS
• SENSITIVITY TESTED BASED ON UL 1484 STANDARD FOR RESIDENTIAL GAS
DETECTORS
• DETECTS HEATING GASES: PROPANE (LP), NATURAL GAS (METHANE),
• SPDT ALARM AND N.C. TROUBLE RELAYS
• CAN BE SELF-RESTORING OR LATCHING
• ELECTRONIC SENSORS: NO MAINTENANCE OR RECALIBRATION
• TEMPERATURE COMPENSATED
• SIMPLE INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
• SUPERVISED SENSOR
SPECIFICATIONS
• SIZE: 4 1/2 X 5 X 1 5/8 inches
• SHIPPING WEIGHT: 0.54 pound
• VOLTAGE: 12 to 24 VAC or VDC
• CURRENT (non-alarm): 45 mA @ 12 VDC, 22 mA @ 24 VDC, 65 mA
@ 12 VAC, 45 mA @ 24 VAC
• CURRENT (in alarm): 70 mA @ 12 VDC, 35 mA @ 24 VDC, 100 mA
@ 12 VAC, 65 mA @ 24 VAC
• COLOR: White
• SENSOR MAINTENANCE: Not required
• ALARM RELAY: SPDT, 0.125 AMPS, 40V, 3VA
• TROUBLE RELAY: SPST (NC), 0.250 AMPS, 40V, 10VA
• OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE: 32°F to 120°F (0°C to 50°C)
• ALARM SET POINT: Per UL 1484 (25% LEL)
INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
The following instructions are intended to serve as a guideline for the use of the
3M™ Macurco™ GD-2A Combustible Gas Detector. It is not to be considered
all-inclusive, nor is it intended to replace the policy and procedures for each facility.
W WARNING
This detector helps monitor for the presence and concentration level of certain
specified airborne gases. Misuse may produce an inaccurate reading, which
means that higher levels of the gas being monitored may be present and
could result in overexposure and cause sickness or death. For proper use,
see supervisor or User Instructions, or call 3M in U.S.A., 1-800-243-4630. In
Canada, call Technical Service at 1-800-267-4414.
LOCATION
A GD-2A is usually located in each room (except kitchens or bathrooms) where there
are gas appliances or through which gas pipes pass. Do NOT mount the GD-2A in
a corner. Do NOT mount the GD-2A in kitchens or bathrooms - alcohols, ammonia,
cleaning solvents, paint thinner, gasoline vapors, and aerosol propellants (aerosol
cans such as hair spray usually contain a combustible gas) may cause alarms. Do
NOT mount the GD-2A where the normal ambient temperature is below 32°F (0°C) or
exceeds 120°F (50°C).
W WARNING
This product is intended for use in ordinary indoor locations of family
living units and office workspaces. The GD-2A is not designed to measure
compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
commercial or industrial standards.
INSTALLATION
1. If the gas used is natural gas (methane) mount the GD-2A on a wall about one
foot down from the ceiling. If the gas used is propane (LP), mount the GD-2A on
a wall or column one foot above the floor. Use the same spacing as for smoke
detectors-30 foot centers, 900 square feet per detector.
2. The three part plastic case allows the GD-2A to be either surface mounted or
installed over a four-inch square or double gang electrical box, providing a near
flush mount. The GD-2A snap-on front cover will need to be removed before
installation. To remove it, lightly pry the front cover off of the mounting plate
(middle section) with a coin or flat screwdriver inserted into the vent at the
bottom. The cover will snap off exposing the electronics and mounting plate.
3. For flush mount, remove the 2 screws and rear cover from the mounting plate
and use the appropriate hole pattern for installation. The four holes toward the
center of the mounting plate match the hole pattern of a double gang electrical
box. The four holes near the corners match the pattern of a four-inch square
box. Mount the GD-2A so the “TOP” marked side of the mounting plate is at the
highest side. Snap the front cover back on when finished, making sure that the
lights line up with the access holes.
4. When using the GD-2A with normally closed initiating circuits, use the Com. and
N.C. alarm relay connections.
5. See wiring diagram and information below for connections of the GD-2A.
UL 2075 Requirements - 12.4.1 Power supply leads provided for field
connection shall not be less than 6 inches (152 mm) long, provided with
strain relief, and shall be no smaller than 18 AWG (0.82 mm2). The insulation,
when thermoplastic, shall not be less than 1/32 inch (0.8 mm) thick.
Exception No. 1: A lead is not prohibited from being less than 6 inches long
when it is evident that the use of a longer lead results in damage to the
insulation.
Exception No. 2: Solid copper leads as small as 26 AWG (0.13 mm2) are not
prohibited from use when:
A. The current does not exceed 1 ampere for lengths up to 2 feet
(61 cm) and the current does not exceed 0.4 ampere for lengths from
2 feet (61 cm) up to 10 feet (3.05 m);
B. There are two or more conductors and they are covered by a common
jacket, or the equivalent; and
C. The assembled conductors comply with the requirements of the Strain
Relief Tests, Section 18.
12.4.2 Leads provided for field connection to power limited signaling circuits,
such as those employed for connection to remote signaling devices, shall not
be smaller than 16 AWG (1.3 mm2), for a single conductor; 19 AWG
(0.65 mm2) for two or more conductors; and 26 AWG (0.13 mm2) for four or
more conductors of a multi-conductor cable. The conductor shall be solid,
bunch tinned stranded, or stranded copper. Stranded copper wire consisting
of not more than seven strands shall be employed only for 18 AWG
(0.82 mm2) and larger conductors.
TYPICAL CONNECTION OF TWO GD-2A TO AN ALARM CONTROL PANEL
GD-2A
SPDT
alarm
relay
SPDT
alarm
relay
Trouble
relay N.C.
POWER
12/24V
Battery back-up 12 or
24VDC Power supply.
Fuse or current limit at
1.0VA for each GD-2A
GD-2A
POWER
12/24V
N.O. initiating
circuit
E.O.L.R.
Alarm Control Panel
Trouble
relay N.C.
6. The GD-2A uses a full wave bridge rectifier at its power input, so that it is
independent of the polarity of the input power. It can operate on DC or AC
voltages between 12 and 24 volts.
7. A switching regulator is used to efficiently match the wide input voltage range
to the fixed, internal power system. As a result the power consumption is fairly
constant at about 0.75 watts in normal operation, and 1.0 watt in alarm.
8. The alarm control panel zone inputs must be terminated with end of line
resistors (E.O.L.R.), which are provided with the panel. The GD-2A does not have
an internal audible sounder and must be connected to a UL Listed Fire Alarm/
Burglary Control Panel with a UL Listed audible device that provides at least 85
dB sound output.
POWER UP
W WARNING
When the unit is powered up it performs a self-test during which the green
LED light blinks for a period of one and one half to two minutes. Afterwards,
the green LED light will turn on continuously to indicate the unit is in normal
operation (ARMED). If the self-test fails or the green LED light does not turn
on continuously do not use. Failure to do so may adversely affect product
performance and result in sickness or death.
When power is first applied to the detector, it will go through a warm-up period of one
and one half to two minutes, during which alarms are inhibited. The green LED light
will turn on and off during the delay period. The green light will turn on continuously
(ARMED) afterwards to indicate the unit is in normal operation.
OPERATION
1. Once the GD-2A is operational (ARMED) the green light will be on continuously. If
gas is detected the red LED (ALARM) turns on and the SPDT alarm relay activates
to indicate the alarm condition.
2. In the configuration, as shipped from the factory, the GD-2A is self-restoring.
When the air clears of gas, the red light turns off and the relay switches to its
normal state. A jumper wire on the circuit board can be clipped to allow the unit
to latch in upon alarm. Once latched in, power will need to be interrupted to
un-latch the alarm condition.
• The GD-2A can be modified, either before or after installation, to have a
latching output. Pull off the cover and locate the jumper wire labeled “CLIP
FOR LATCH IN” on the printed circuit board in the upper right hand side. Clip
or cut this jumper wire and separate the wire ends. Now the unit will stay
in alarm (once gas has exceeded the pre-set threshold) until the power is
interrupted. When replacing the cover, make sure the lights line up with their
access holes.
3. The GD-2A has a supervisory circuit of critical functions. A trouble condition, due
to failure of a non-reliable component, results in both lights switching on and off
and the normally closed trouble relay opening. A power failure also causes the
trouble relay to open.
ALARMS
W WARNING
Immediately exit any environment if there is an alarm condition on the detector.
Failure to do so may result in sickness or death.
The final alarm is determined by the configuration of the control panel, with the
GD-2A only switching its relay to actuate the panel. Do not connect the GD-2A to Fire
Alarm Circuits, or Burglar Alarm or other signals. The illumination of the red (ALARM)
light on the GD-2A indicates the alarm condition. When an alarm occurs immediately
evacuate the premises and seek assistance.
In addition to the methane (natural gas) and propane (LP) gas that it is designed
to detect, the GD-2A can also be affected by a broad range of combustible gases.
Some of these that may cause an alarm are: alcohols, ammonia, cleaning solvents,
paint thinner, gasoline vapors, and aerosol propellants. Aerosol cans such as hair
spray usually contain a combustible gas. Always make sure that there is adequate
ventilation when you use these products. Proper location, not in kitchens or
bathrooms, will minimize alarms due to normal use of household products.
W WARNING
This detector will only indicate the presence of combustible gas at the sensor.
Combustible gas may be present in other areas. Accommodation spaces should
be well ventilated when household cleaning supplies or similar contaminants
are used.
TROUBLE INDICATOR
The trouble signal is determined mostly by the configuration of the alarm panel, with
the GD-2A trouble relay only providing an open circuit for actuation. A failure of the
gas-sensing element will result in both lights turning on and off and the trouble relay
opening. Failure of power supplies in the GD-2A or a lack of power to the detector will
result in the trouble relay opening. The most common expected trouble would be a
break in the wiring between the panel and the GD-2A. When a trouble signal occurs
call the alarm panel installer for assistance.
W WARNING
Do not cover or obstruct visual alarm LED. Doing so may adversely affect
product performance and result in sickness or death.
MAINTENANCE
W WARNING
Do not disassemble unit or attempt to repair or modify any component of
this instrument. This instrument contains no user serviceable parts, and
substitution of components may impair intrinsic safety which may adversely
affect product performance and result in sickness or death.
The GD-2A does not require regular maintenance. The unit uses a self-purging
semi-conductor sensor that has a long life expectancy (7-10 year life). All service
and repair of the GD-2A are to be performed by 3M. 3M does not sanction any
third-party repair facilities.
TESTING
Once the unit is fully operational (the green light is on steady), test the unit by
directing gas from an unlighted butane cigarette lighter into the detector near the
left hand side through one of the vent holes. It will be necessary to hold the lighter
valve open for several seconds. The red light (ALARM) will turn on, the alarm relay
switches, and any devices connected should activate. The detector should be tested
regularly by using gas from an unlit cigarette lighter, as detailed above.
CLEANING
The GD-2A should be cleaned using the soft brush attachment of your vacuum
cleaner. The GD-2A should be tested after cleaning to ensure the unit is operating
normally.
SENSOR POISONS
The gas sensor tip in the detector is designed with extreme sensitivity to the
environment. As a result, the gas sensor may deteriorate if it is exposed to a direct
spray from aerosols such as paints, silicone vapors, etc., or to a high density of
corrosive gases (such as hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide) for an extended period of
time.
3M FIXED GAS DETECTION PRODUCTS LIMITED WARRANTY
3M warrants the GD-2A gas detector will be free from defective materials and
workmanship for a period of two (2) years from date of manufacture (indicated on
the inside cover of the GD-2A), provided it is maintained and used in accordance
with 3M instructions and/or recommendations. If any component becomes defective
during the warranty period, it will be replaced or repaired free of charge, if the
unit is returned in accordance with the instructions below. This warranty does not
apply to units that have been altered or had repair attempted, or that have been
subjected to abuse, accidental or otherwise. The above warranty is in lieu of all
other express warranties, obligations or liabilities. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE LIMITED TO A
PERIOD OF TWO (2) YEARS FROM THE PURCHASE DATE. 3M shall not be liable for
any incidental or consequential damages for breach of this or any other warranty,
express or implied, arising out of or related to the use of said gas detector.
Manufacturer or its agent’s liability shall be limited to replacement or repair as
set forth above. Buyer’s sole and exclusive remedies are return of the goods and
repayment of the price, or repair and replacement of non-conforming goods or parts.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
In United States, contact:
Website: www.3M.com/OccSafety
Technical Assistance: 1-800-243-4630
For other 3M products:
1-800-3M-HELPS or 1-651-737-6501