User’s Reference Guide TM TravelMate 4000M Notebook Computer P/N 9793374-0001, Rev. A August 1994 Contents Contents Preface Chapter 1 Using the Setup Programs Accessing the Setup Programs ................................. 1-2 Date and Time Parameters ....................................... 1-7 Disk Drive Parameters ............................................. 1-8 Input/Output (I/O) Parameters ................................ 1-9 Keyboard Parameters ............................................... 1-12 Memory Parameters ................................................. 1-13 Power Management Parameters ............................... 1-14 Power Savings .......................................................... 1-15 Activity Monitoring ................................................... 1-19 Screen Parameters .................................................. 1-21 System Configuration Parameters ........................... 1-23 Chapter 2 Installing and Using Applications Guidelines for Installing Applications ....................... 2-2 Setting Up a Password ............................................. 2-11 Setting Up a Non MS-DOS Environment .................. 2-15 Restoring MS-DOS System Files............................... 2-16 Chapter 3 Custom Windows Utilities Overview of Windows Utilities................................... 3-3 Information Utilities ................................................. 3-4 Productivity Utilities................................................. 3-6 Video Utilities........................................................... 3-9 Drop N’ Go Utility..................................................... 3-10 Change Cursor Utility .............................................. 3-14 Super Shutdown Utility............................................ 3-19 iii Contents Chapter 4 Laptop Manager Laptop Manager Features......................................... 4-2 LM Main Menu......................................................... 4-3 Adding Applications to the Menu.............................. 4-5 Adding Items to the Application Menu ...................... 4-14 Changing LM Menu Colors ....................................... 4-15 LM_Setup................................................................. 4-16 Chapter 5 Power Saving Utilities Optimizing Battery Operation................................... 5-2 SETPOWER Utility ................................................... 5-10 SMARTDRV.EXE Disk Caching Utility...................... 5-11 SPEED Utility........................................................... 5-12 Chapter 6 Palette Utilities Color Display Utilities .............................................. 6-2 PAL Utility................................................................ 6-3 PALSET Utility ......................................................... 6-11 Chapter 7 Laptop File Manager Getting Started with LFM ......................................... 7-3 Using the Main Menu............................................... 7-5 Function Key Commands ......................................... 7-6 Character Key Commands........................................ 7-15 Multiple File Operations ........................................... 7-28 Restoring Laptop File Manager ................................. 7-30 iv Contents Chapter 8 VGA External Monitor Utilities Capabilities .............................................................. 8-2 VGA Utility............................................................... 8-5 Advanced Monitor Operations .................................. 8-13 External Monitor Troubleshooting ............................ 8-17 Chapter 9 Other Utilities ALARM Utility .......................................................... 9-2 GETSTAT Utility ....................................................... 9-3 RAMDRIVE.SYS Device Driver.................................. 9-6 SETCMOS Utility...................................................... 9-7 SETKEY Utility......................................................... 9-10 Chapter 10 Sound Features................................................................... 10-2 Pocket Recorder ....................................................... 10-3 Pocket Mixer .......................................................... 10-7 Editing, Playing, and Recording................................ 10-8 Pocket CD ............................................................. 10-9 Chapter 11 TravelMate Options List of Options.......................................................... 11-2 Battery Options........................................................ 11-4 PCMCIA Options ...................................................... 11-5 RAM Expansion ....................................................... 11-6 Using the AC Adapter............................................... 11-9 External Numeric Keypad......................................... 11-10 Carrying Cases......................................................... 11-11 Microphone/Headphone Kit ..................................... 11-12 Other Options .......................................................... 11-13 External Monitor ...................................................... 11-14 v Contents Chapter 12 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Features................................................................... 12-2 Docking Your Notebook ............................................ 12-6 Undocking the Notebook .......................................... 12-8 Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System ........... 12-10 Options .................................................................... 12-15 Appendix A Specifications Appendix B Character Sets Appendix C Keyboard Layouts Appendix D Diagnostics Appendix E Power Consumption Values Appendix F Configuring Memory Appendix G Connector Pin Assignments Appendix H Screen Standards Appendix I Creating Help Displays Glossary Index vi Copyright (©) 1994 Texas Instruments Incorporated All Rights Reserved — Printed in U.S.A. TravelMate 4000M Notebook User’s Reference Guide TI Part No. 9793374-0001, Rev. A Original Issue: April 1994 Changes may be made periodically to the information in this publication. Such changes will be incorporated in new editions of this manual. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Texas Instruments Incorporated. TravelMate, Travelpoint WinSX, WinDX, WinDX2, and BatteryPro are trademarks of Texas Instruments Incorporated. The icons in the Windows Notebook and Startup groups are copyrighted by Texas Instruments Incorporated. BitCom and BotFax are trademarks of BIT Software, Inc. Hayes is a registered trademark and SmartModem2400 is a trademark of Hayes Microcomputer Products Inc. IBM, OS/2, AT PS/2, and VGA are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. Intel, 386 and 387 are trademarks of Intel Corporation Lotus is a trademark of Lotus Development Corporation. MNP is a registered trademark and Microcom is a trademark of Microcom Inc. Microsoft, GW-Basic, MS-DOS, BallPoint, QuickPort, and MS are registered trademarks and Windows, Xenix, and Excel are trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation. Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation. Paintbrush is a registered trademark of ZSoft Corporation NetWare is a registered trademark of Novell, Inc. UNIX is a registered trademark of American Telephone and Telegraph. SimulSCAN is a trademark of Cirrus Logic, Inc. Preface Your TravelMate 4000M computer comes with a variety of standard features and options that maximize system performance and ease of operation. This manual acts as a reference for software utilities and hardware included with your notebook. Preface Chapter 1- Shows you the basics of system setup using the supplied Setup programs. Chapter 2 - Provides information on system software configuration and utility installation. Chapter 3 - Describes custom Windows utilities. Chapter 4 - Describes the functionality of Laptop Manager in managing your application programs. Chapter 5 - Describes Power Saving utilities. Chapter 6 - Describes utilities designed to enhance and customize your display. Chapter 7 - Describes Laptop File Manager, a program that helps you manipulate files and directories stored on the hard disk. Chapter 8 - Describes utilities that allow you to connect an external VGA to your system. Chapter 9 - Describes miscellaneous utilities for configuration and system enhancement. Chapter 10 - Describes the Sound utilities provided with your notebook. Chapter 11 - Describes options you may purchase for your TM4000M computer. Chapter 12 - Describes the optional Portable CD-ROM Docking System. vii Preface Appendix A - Provides system specifications for the TM4000M. Appendix B - Displays character sets used by the TM4000M. Appendix C - Displays domestic and international keyboard layouts. Appendix D - Describes diagnostics and error codes for your TM4000M. Appendix E - Describes the power consumption values for your TM4000M. Appendix F - Describes memory configuration for your TM4000M. Appendix G - Describes connector pin assignments for the TM4000M and Portable CD-ROM Docking System. Appendix H - Describes screen stardards supported by the TM4000M internal display adapter. Appendix I - Describes how to custom design your own Help displays. A glossary and index are also provided for your reference. 1 Using the Setup Programs This chapter explains: ❑ How to access the Setup Programs ❑ How to select and save parameters Contents Accessing the Setup Programs .........................................1-2 Initial Startup Procedure .............................................1-2 Startup Menu ..............................................................1-3 Creating Backup System Diskettes ..............................1-4 System Recovery Diskette ............................................1-4 Accessing Disk-Based Setup ........................................1-5 Accessing ROM-Based Setup .......................................1-6 Accessing Windows-Based Setup .................................1-6 Defining Setup Parameters ..........................................1-6 Date and Time Parameters...............................................1-7 Disk Drive Parameters .....................................................1-8 Input/Output (I/O) Parameters .......................................1-9 Keyboard Parameters.....................................................1-12 Memory Parameters .......................................................1-13 Power Management Parameters ....................................1-14 Power Savings................................................................1-15 Activity Monitoring ........................................................1-19 Screen Parameters ........................................................1-21 System Configuration Parameters .................................1-23 Using the Setup Programs 1-1 Accessing the Setup Programs Your computer has three setup programs to assist you in selecting required hardware and software parameters: ❑ Disk-based Setup ❑ ROM-based Setup ❑ Windows-based Setup Accessing t he Setup Programs Initial Startup Procedure The first time you boot up your notebook, your system automatically runs Setup. The following questions are asked: 1. You are asked which country your keyboard is designed to support. Once this information is provided, the Windows Setup program automatically runs. 2. You are prompted for your name and program serial number. 3. You are asked which printer you would like as a default printer. You exit Windows. System files are automatically unzipped and the system build begins. When complete, a video greeting appears. After it runs, the following options appear: No Change - keep the video and allow it to run each time you boot the computer Remove - removes the video entry from the startup file so that you keep the video, but it does not run each time you boot the computer 1-2 Using the Setup Programs Accessing the Setup Programs Delete - delete the video (the video takes up 12 MB of hard disk space) 5. Make your selection. The system reboots to the Startup Menu. Startup Menu Each time your system boots, the Startup Menu appears. You have ten seconds to make selections from this menu, otherwise the boot process continues with previously configured parameters. The following is a description of the Startup Menu: Startup Menu Options Option Description Standard Windows for Workgroups (default) Loads PCMCIA drivers Docking System Windows for Workgroups Loads PCMCIA and CD-ROM (SCSI) drivers Minimum Windows for Workgroups No drivers loaded (leaving more memory) Minimum Docking System Windows for Workgroups Loads SCSI drivers (leaving more memory) System Maintenance Deletes demo games and allows you to create back up system diskettes Games Demonstration Allows you to view or play pre-loaded games on the notebook. To select an option, use the up and down arrow keys or press the number key of the option you desire. This highlights the option. Press Enter to select the desired configuration. Using the Setup Programs 1-3 Accessing the Setup Programs Creating Backup System Diskettes You should create your back up system diskettes as soon as possible after purchasing your notebook. To create backup system diskettes, complete the following steps: 1. Ensure that you have 17 (for U.S.A.) or 18 (all other countries) high density, 1.4 MB, 3.5" diskettes. 2. Boot your system. System startup begins. A DOS Startup Menu appears. 3. Select option 5, SYSTEM MAINTENANCE AND BACKUP. The system backup menu is displayed. You can select files from the left column to back up by using the up and down arrow keys to highlight the files. As filenames in the left column are highlighted, a description of them appears in the right column and the number of diskettes required for these files is displayed. 4. To begin creating the system backup diskettes, insert the diskette into the floppy drive and press ENTER to back up highlighted files. Backing up all files requires 17 to 18 diskettes. Each diskette will automatically be formatted. You may access the Setup program at a later time to reset previously configured parameters. System Recovery Diskette You should have received a System Recovery diskette with your notebook. This is a bootable diskette with backup software and enables you to restore minimum system files. After the computer boots for the first time, you are prompted to insert your System Recovery diskette. Ensure that you make two additional copies of this diskette. 1-4 Using the Setup Programs Accessing the Setup Programs You should keep your System Recovery diskette updated with your latest Windows configuration. To do this, complete the following steps: 1. The first time you complete a new addition or change to Windows (such as adding a new software icon), manually copy all *.GRP and *.INI files to the first copy of the System Recovery diskette. These files are located in the C:\Windows directory. 2. The next time you complete a new addition or change to Windows, you should manually copy over all of the *.GRP and *.INI files to the second copy of the System Recovery diskette. 3. After each subsequent change, you should alternate making the backup of *.GRP and *.INI files to the first and second copy of the System Recovery diskette. Accessing Disk-Based Setup This Setup program, which resides on the hard disk under the UTILS directory, defines all default and most user-selectable parameters. Disk-based Setup contains four screens, or pages, with onscreen prompts plus a context-sensitive online help. From the C:\> prompt, you can access Page 1 of disk-based Setup in two ways: ❑ Press FN-ESC (SETUP) ❑ Type SET_UP and press ENTER. After Setup has loaded, you can define parameters based on the information in the online help or in this chapter. Using the Setup Programs 1-5 Accessing the Setup Programs Accessing ROM-Based Setup ROM-based Setup resides in internal ROM. It is identical to disk-based Setup except it does not have any online help. To access Page 1 of ROM-based Setup, save any work in progress, and press CTRL-ALT-ESC. You can then select parameters as you do for disk-based Setup. The system reboots even if changes are not made. Accessing Windows-Based Setup To access Windows-based Setup, select the Windows Control Panel in the Main Windows group. Then double-click the WSetup icon. You can then define parameters based on the information in the online help and in this chapter. Changes to many of the Setup parameters take effect only at system startup. If you change one of these parameters, when you save the new Setup parameters, you are prompted that you need to exit Windows and restart the computer. To put these changes into effect, double-click on the Super Shutdown icon to exit Windows, then press CTRL-ALT-DEL to restart the computer. Defining Setup Parameters The three Setup Programs adequately describe what you need to do to navigate through the menus, use cursor keys, save parameters, and exit. n Note: The Setup Programs are customized for each model computer and for any given model may not support all of the selections described in the following pages. 1-6 Using the Setup Programs Date and Time Parameters Date a nd T ime P arameters Parameter Definitions and Values Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Time Pressing the space bar when seconds are highlighted resets seconds to 00. Page 1 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ International ⇓ Time Format Date The day-of-week value is set automatically when you set the date. Page 1 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ International ⇓ Date/Time Date Display (Time Display) Determines whether the time is displayed in 12-hour or 24-hour format. Page 1 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ International ⇓ Time Format Values: US (12-hour) (default) European (24-hour) Using the Setup Programs 1-7 Disk Drive Parameters Disk Drive P arameters Parameter Definitions and Values Diskettes Drives Do not change from defaults unless Drive A, Drive B external floppy drive configured as floppy drive Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 1 Cannot change. Use disk- or ROM-based Setup Page 1 Cannot change. Use disk- or ROM-based Setup Values: 3.5", 1.44 MB (default, Drive A) 3.5" 720 KB, 5.25", 360 KB, 5.25", 1.2 MB Not installed (default, Drive B) Hard Disk 1 & 2 Do not change. 1-8 Using the Setup Programs Input/Output (I/O) Parameters The input/output (I/O) parameters define how the computer treats the following I/O devices: ❑ SerialPort ❑ Parallel port ❑ SCSI ❑ PCMCIA ❑ Game Port ❑ PS/2 Port Input /Out put (I/O) P arameters You can use these parameters to enable and define the ports. Parameter Definitions and Values Standard Comm (Serial Port)g11 Defines whether the port is enabled Port Determines whether port is COM1 or COM2. Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 4 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ Serial Ports Page 4 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ Serial Ports Values: Enabled (default) Disabled Values: COM1 (default) COM2 Using the Setup Programs 1-9 Input/Output (I/O) Parameters Parameter Definitions and Values Baud Rate Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 4 Refer to your Windows documentation Data Bits Values: 7, 8 (default) Page 4 Refer to your Windows documentation Stop Bits Values: 1 (default), 2 Page 4 Refer to your Windows documentation Parity Values: Odd, Even, None (default) Page 4 Refer to your Windows documentation Parallel Port Defines whether parallel port enabled Page 4 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ Parallel Page 4 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ Parallel Port ⇓ Extended Mode Values: LPT 1 (default) LPT 2 LPT 3 Disabled EPP Mode Values: Disabled SPP (default) EPP and SPP ECP ECP and EPP 1-10 Using the Setup Programs Input/Output (I/O) Parameters Parameter Definitions and Values SCSI BIOS Values: Disable (default) Enable PCMCIA Selects status for PCMCIA option Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 4 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ SCSI BIOS Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ PCMCIA Values: HardwareOFF ON BIOSOFF ON Game Port Selects status for MIDI/Joy Port Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ Game Port Values: OFF ON PS/2 Port Selects device for PS/2 port Values: Disabled, Mouse, Keyboard Auto (default)=detects whether keyboard or mouse attached No access. Use Windowsbased Setup or the SETKEY command in MS-DOS. Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ PS/2 Port Using the Setup Programs 1-11 Keyboard Parameters Keyboard P arameters Parameter Caps Lock Definitions and Values Startup status of Caps Lock indicator Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Keyboard ⇓ Lock Key State Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Keyboard ⇓ Lock Key State Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Keyboard ⇓ Lock Key State Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Keyboard ⇓ Repeat Rate Values: On Off (default) Num Lock Startup status of Num Lock indicator Values: On (default) Off Scroll-Lock Startup status of Scroll Lock indicator Values: On Off (default) Repeat Rate Speed at which a character repeats when key pressed and held Values: Slow Normal (default) Fast 1-12 Using the Setup Programs Memory Parameters M emory P arameters Parameter Definitions and Values Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Standard Do not change Page 1 Cannot change. Use disk- or ROM-based Setup Shadow ROM Set to default for maximum performance of BIOS and Extended RAM unless your application requires the 384 KB that Shadow ROM uses. Page 1 Cannot change. Use disk- or ROM-based Setup Values: Internal (default) All, None Using the Setup Programs 1-13 Power Management Parameters If you use your computer frequently on battery power, the amount of productive time you can get out of a single battery charge is important. Although the default values for the Setup parameters do an adequate job of conserving power, you can adjust the values of the parameters to achieve even greater savings and a resulting longer battery life. Pow er M ana gement P arameters Setup has two groups of power management parameters: ❑ Power-savings parameters that define what the computer does to save power ❑ Activity-monitoring that determines when the computer goes into and comes out of some of the power conservation modes. 1-14 Using the Setup Programs Power Savings The power-savings parameters define a variety of ways the computer can modify its activity to affect the drain on the battery. There is also a parameter called Power Savings that determines when, if ever, the computer implements the defined power savings. Pow er Sa ving s Parameter Power Savings Definitions and Values Defines how power-savings parameters as a group are enabled Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ System Timeout ⇓ Interval Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ System Timeout ⇓ Action Values: Auto (default)—Enabled battery only On (or Enable)—Enabled both battery and ac Off (or Disable)—Disabled Timeout Interval Number of minutes of inactivity on monitored devices before implementing defined timeout action Values: 1, 2 (default), 5, 10, 15, Always on Timeout Action What happens when defined timeout interval exceeded on monitored devices. Values: Auto Suspend (Default)—backlight off and goes into low power mode Backlight Off—only backlight off Using the Setup Programs 1-15 Power Savings Parameter Wakeup Interval Definitions and Values Number of minutes in auto-suspend mode before waking up Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Auto Wakeup ⇓ Interval Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Wakeup Action Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Cover Closed Action Values: 5, 10 (default), 15, 20 Wakeup Action What happens when wakeup interval expires and auto-suspend enabled; applies to battery operations only Values: Backlight On and CPU normal (default) Backlight Remains Off and CPU normal Cover Closed Action What happens when the cover is closed while the computer is on. Values: Suspend (default)= backlight and hard disk off and CPU suspended Backlight Off= only backlight off 1-16 Using the Setup Programs Power Savings Parameter HDD Motor Timeout Definitions and Values Number of minutes without reads or writes before hard disk off Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ HDD Motor Timeout Page 2 Main Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Default CPU Speed Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ LCD Power Values: 1, 2, 5 (default), 10, Always on Hard disk access may be delayed while the hard disk reaches operating speed. If an application has frequent hard disk access, a low setting may actually use more power because of the power required to bring the hard disk up to speed. Default CPU Speed CPU speed at startup Values: Low, Medium, High Auto (default)—high speed for AC and medium speed for battery CPU speed can be changed by pressing CTRL-ALT-↑ or CTRL-ALT-↓ (except on DX4 models). You can also execute the SPEED utility on all systems. LCD Power Defines brightness of backlighting; the lower the setting, the dimmer the backlighting and the lower the power requirements. This parameter is not supported on color units. Values: Low, Medium, High Auto (default)—high for AC and medium for battery Advanced OS Power On (default) Auto Off Page 2 Using the Setup Programs 1-17 Power Savings Parameter Power Level Definitions and Values Level of savings activated under BatteryPro utility. Page No. (Disk/ROM) No access. Use SETPOWER Values: Disabled 1–Low 2–Medium (default) 3–High 4–Maximum 1-18 Using the Setup Programs command in MS-DOS. Access Path (Windows) Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Power Level Activity Monitoring The computer can monitor activity on up to three groups of devices depending on the model: Act ivit y M onitoring ❑ Comm—includes the standard serial port ❑ Disks—includes the hard disk, floppy drive, and CD-ROM ❑ External PS/2 keyboard, numeric keypad, or mouse connected to the PS/2 port If no activity occurs on the monitored devices for the defined Timeout Interval, the computer implements the defined Timeout Action. The computer resumes full operation automatically as soon as activity occurs on any of the monitored devices. Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Pointing Device Yes (default) No Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Activity Monitor ⇓ Pointing Device Disks Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Activity Monitor ⇓ Disks Parameter Definitions and Values Monitors hard disk and floppy drive Values: Yes (or On) No (or Off) (default) Using the Setup Programs 1-19 Activity Monitoring Parameter Comm Definitions and Values Monitors COM port Values: Yes (or On) (defaut) No (or Off) 1-20 Using the Setup Programs Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 2 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Power Savings ⇓ Activity Monitor ⇓ Comm Screen Parameters Screen P arameters Parameter Reverse Definitions and Values Specifies startup status of video Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Screen ⇓ Reverse Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Screen ⇓ Expanded Mode Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Screen ⇓ Block Cursor Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Screen ⇓ Display Values: On= White on black for text and graphics Off (default)=Black on white for text and graphics Text Only= Text only Graphics Only= Graphics only Not supported on color models Expanded Mode Specifies whether all video modes can use the entire video area. Values: On (default) Off In some video modes, Off restricts the viewing area at the top and bottom of the display area. Block Cursor Specifies whether the cursor is always a block cursor, regardless of the application. Values: On (default) Off Display Selects the display device. Values: LCD= All display output on the LCD CRT= All display output on an external monitor; defaults to LCD if no external monitor (default) Both=Simultaneous display on the LCD and on the external monitor; defaults to LCD if no external monitor Using the Setup Programs 1-21 Screen Parameters Parameter Monitor Type Definitions and Values Selects the monitor device driver appropriate for your external monitor and application. Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Screen ⇓ Monitor Type Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ Screen ⇓ Palette Values: VGA, 8514 Compatible, Super VGA, Ext. Super VGA (default), Multifrequency, Extended Multifrequency, Super Multifrequency, Ext. Super Multifrequency Must match external monitor LCD Palette Specifies the startup palette. Values: Default Palette 0=Standard Palette 0 (default) 1=Text Palette 2=Standard Palette 1 3=Standard Palette 2 4=User Palette 1 5=User Palette 2 (default on some color models) User Palette 1,2 Can be changed with RPAL utility or PALSET 1-22 Using the Setup Programs System Configuration Parameters System Config uration P arameters Parameter Battery Alarm Definitions and Values Defines whether the alarm sounds for low-battery condition Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ System Configuration ⇓ Alarms ⇓ Battery Alarm Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ System Configuration ⇓ Alarms ⇓ Cover Alarm Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ System Configuration ⇓ Speakers Values: On (default) Off Can be delayed in Windows with Power utility Cover Alarm Defines whether the alarm sounds when the cover closed Values: On (default) Off Speaker (Standard) Defines whether the speaker is on or off. Values: Enabled (default) Disabled Using the Setup Programs 1-23 System Configuration Parameters Parameter Definitions and Values Page No. (Disk/ROM) Access Path (Windows) Speakers (Multimedia) Values: Enabled (default) Disabled Page 4 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ I/O Ports ⇓ System Configuration ⇓ Speakers Quick Boot Defines extent of self-test performed at startup Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ System Configuration ⇓ Quick Boot Page 3 Main ⇓ Control Panel ⇓ WSETUP ⇓ System Configuration ⇓ Internal Cache Values: On (default)=bypasses some tests, including memory tests Off= runs all self tests Internal Cache Defines cache memory Values: On (Enabled) (default) Off (Disabled) 1-24 Using the Setup Programs 2 Installing and Using Applications This chapter explains: ❑ Guidelines for loading IBM AT-compatible application programs ❑ How to set up a password ❑ How to restore MS-DOS system files Contents Guidelines for Installing Applications .............................. 2-2 Installation Considerations ......................................... 2-2 AUTOEXEC.BAT File ................................................... 2-3 Default CONFIG.SYS Files........................................... 2-7 Setting Up a Password .................................................. 2-11 Loading the Password Utility ..................................... 2-11 Installing a Password ................................................ 2-12 Changing a Password ................................................ 2-12 Removing a Password................................................ 2-13 Entering the Password .............................................. 2-14 Setting Up a Non MS-DOS Environment ....................... 2-15 Restoring MS-DOS System Files.................................... 2-16 If COMMAND.COM is Missing ................................... 2-16 If .SYS Files are Missing ............................................ 2-16 Restoring Windows.................................................... 2-18 Restoring BatteryPro Utilities .................................... 2-18 Installing and Using Applications 2-1 Guidelines for Installing Applications Guid elines for Installing App licat ions Your TravelMate Computer is fully compatible with IBM AT computers. All applications written for AT computers will execute on your computer. However, consider these guidelines before installing applications. Installation Considerations The following configuration items will influence how you install application programs. Display When installing an application, select the highestresolution monitor configuration possible. This depends on your usage of the internal LCD or external analog monitor, since an external monitor can support higher resolutions. Keyboard The computer keyboard emulates all functions of an IBM AT-101 enhanced keyboard. When installing an application, select the IBM 101- or AT-enhanced keyboard configuration. The Point The Point is compatible with the Microsoft PS/2 mouse. When installing an application, select the Microsoft PS/2 mouse configuration. 2-2 Installing and Using Applications Guidelines for Installing Applications Processing Speed Some applications cannot execute at the high speed available with your computer. Check the application documentation for the required processing speed and, if necessary, change the speed using one of the following methods: n ❑ Setup Program (see instructions in this manual) ❑ CTRL-ALT-↑ or CTRL-ALT-↓ (except on DX4 models) ❑ SPEED utility Note: On DX4 models, memory managers such as EMM386 cannot be loaded when using the SPEED utility. ❑ n Laptop Manager Change menu Note: Some applications may require the internal cache to be disabled. This is done through the System Setup program. You can configure Laptop Manager to load the programs with necessary speed settings. Then you do not have to change the Setup Program settings each time you load an application that requires a different processing speed. Memory A standard computer has 4 MB of memory, 640 KB of system memory, plus extended memory. You may purchase optional memory to upgrade your system to 8 or 20 MB of memory. AUTOEXEC.BAT File The AUTOEXEC.BAT file configures system software automatically when you boot the computer. If your Installing and Using Applications 2-3 Guidelines for Installing Applications application requires additions or changes to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file, carefully consider the consequences. Please read and understand this file before you change it. (See the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference furnished with your computer for more details on constructing this file and its significance.) n Note: If you need to restore the default AUTOEXEC.BAT file to your hard disk, it is included on the System Recovery diskette. Each line of the default AUTOEXEC.BAT file and its purpose are defined in the following file listing and table. Since this file changes, the following example and your file may look slightly different. 2-4 Installing and Using Applications Guidelines for Installing Applications 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. @ECHO OFF REM ================================ PROMPT $P$G PATH=C:\WINDOWS;C:\DOS;C:\UTILS;C:\JAZZ;C:\PCMPLUS SET TEMP=C:\WINDOWS\TEMP SET COMSPEC=C:\DOS\COMMAND.COM SET MFILE=C:\UTILS SET BLASTER=A220 I5 D1 H5 T4 SET MOUSE=C:\MOUSE 10. C:\WINDOWS\SMARTDRV.EXE /L 11. C:\MOUSE\MOUSE.EXE /Q 12. GOTO %CONFIG% 13. :G 14. REM =======GAMES/DEMONSTRATIONS============ 15. CD DEMOS 16. EXECUTE 17. REBOOT 18. :SM 19. REM =======SYSTEM MAINTENANCE============= 20. CD IMAGES 21. EXECUTE 22. REBOOT 23. :S 24: REM =======SCSI DRIVERS/UTILS=============== 25. :SP 26. REM ====SCSI AND PCMCIA DRIVERS/UTILS=========== 27. C:\SCSI\MSCDEX.EXE /D:ASPICDO /M12 28. :P 29. REM =======PCMCIA DRIVERS/UTILS============= 30. DOSKEY 31. :N 32. REM =======NO SYSTEM DRIVERS/UTILS=========== 33. WIN Installing and Using Applications 2-5 Guidelines for Installing Applications TravelMate 4000M Factory Default AUTOEXEC.BAT File Line Purpose 1 turns off echoing (displaying) of commands on screen 2 comment block 3 tells MS-DOS to display the current drive and directory 4 defines the directories and order in which to search for files entered on the command line; you can add additional directories to this line as required 5 tells MS-DOS where to find the temporary files 6 tells MS-DOS where to find the command processor 7 tells MS-DOS where to find the Laptop Manager data file 8 sets interrupt and DMA parameters for sound compatibility 9 tells MS-DOS where to find the mouse driver 10 installs memory manager device driver 11 loads the mouse driver 12 selects the setting selected in CONFIG.SYS 13 sends the user to the games/demonstrations utility 14 comment block describing games/demonstrations 15 goes to the demos directory 16 displays a games/demonstrations menu 17 reboots the system 18 sends the user to the system maintenance utility 19 comment block describing system maintenance utility 20 goes to the images directory 21 displays a system maintenance menu 2-6 Installing and Using Applications Guidelines for Installing Applications 22 reboots the system 23 loads system and PCMCIA drivers 24 comment block describing SCSI drivers/utilities 25 loads system, PCMCIA, and SCSI drivers 26 comment block describing SCSI and PCMCIA drivers/ utilities 27 executes the MSCDEX so the CD-ROM is accessed 28 loads system and PCMCIA drivers 29 comment block describing PCMCIA drivers/ utilities 30 edits command lines, recalls MS-DOS command, and creates macros 31 tells the system the user doesn’t want to load any drivers or 32 comment block that says there are no system drivers or utilities to be loaded 33 runs Windows Default CONFIG.SYS Files If your application requires additions or changes to the CONFIG.SYS file, carefully consider the consequences. The factory-installed (default) file is listed and described in this section. Please read and understand this file before you change it. (See the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference for more details on constructing this file and its significance.) Each line of the default CONFIG.SYS file and its purpose are defined in the table following the file listing. You can add commands required by your application, but do not delete the existing default commands. Installing and Using Applications 2-7 Guidelines for Installing Applications 1. [MENU] 2. MENUCOLOR=11,0 3. MENUITEM=P,STANDARD WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS 4. MENUITEM=SP,DOCKING SYSTEM WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS 5. MENUITEM=N,MINIMUM WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS 6. MENUITEM=S,MINIMUM DOCKING SYSTEM WINDOWS FOR WORKGROUPS 7. MENUITEM=SM,SYSTEM MAINTENANCE AND BACKUP 8. MENUITEM=G,GAMES DEMONSTRATION 9. MENUDEFAULT=P,10 10. [COMMON] 11. DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\HIMEM.SYS /TESTMEM:OFF 12. DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\EMM386.EXE /NOEMS 13. DOS=HIGH,UMB 14. FILES=40 15. BUFFERS=30 16. STACKS=9,256 17. LASTDRIVE=D 18. SHELL=C:\DOS\COMMAND.COM /P 19. [P] 20. INCLUDE=SYD 21. INCLUDE=PD 22. [S] 23. INCLUDE=SYD 24. INCLUDE=SCD 25. [SP] 26. INCLUDE=SYD 27. INCLUDE=PD 28. INCLUDE=SCD 29. [SYD] 30. REM ========SYSTEM DRIVERS================ 31. DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\SMARTDRV.EXE /DOUBLE_BUFFER 32. DEVICE=C:\UTILS\BATTERY.PRO /L2 33. DEVICE=C:\JAZZ\JAZZ.SYS P220 I5 D1 E5 T330 Q2 34. DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\IFSHLP.SYS 35. [PD] 36. REM ========PCMCIA DRIVERS================ 37. DEVICE=C:\PCMPLUS\PCMSS.EXE 38. DEVICE=C:\PCMPLUS\PCMCS.EXE 39. DEVICE=C:\PCMPLUS\PCMRMAN.EXE 40. DEVICE=C:\PCMPLUS\PCMSCD.EXE 41. [SCD] 42. REM ========SCSI DRIVERS================= 43. DEVICE=C:\SCSI\ASPI2DOS.SYS /D /Z 44. DEVICE=C:\SCSI\ASPICD.SYS /d:ASPICD0 45. [SM] 46. REM ======SYSTEM MAINTENANCE DRIVERS========= 47. DEVICE=C:\DOS\RAMDRIVE.SYS 2048 /E 48. [N] 49. REM =======NO SYSTEM DRIVERS============== 50. [G] 51. REM =======GAMES/DEMONSTRATIONS============== 52. DEVICE=C:\JAZZ\JAZZ.SYS P220 I5 D1 E5 T330 Q2 2-8 Installing and Using Applications Guidelines for Installing Applications Factory Default CONFIG.SYS File (Modify but do not delete these command lines) Line Purpose 1 calls the menu subroutine and displays 2 sets the color of the menu 3-8 displays the menu 9 if no menu item is selected after 10 seconds, the p subroutine is called 10 calls the common subroutine that is run each time the system boots 11 loads Windows into high memory 12 doesn’t allocate memory for expanded memory 13 loads MS-DOS into extended memory 14 tells MS-DOS how many files can be open at any one time. You can adjust the value as required by your application 15 tells MS-DOS how many buffers are used for file input/ output. You can adjust the value as required by your application to maximize processing speed 16 reserves memory for MS-DOS to process hardware interrupts 17 displays the last valid drive number 18 calls the command.com file 19 - 21 the p subroutine calls the subroutines for system drivers and PCMCIA drivers 22-24 the s subroutine calls the subroutines for system drivers and SCSI drivers 25-28 the sp subroutine calls the subroutines for system, PCMCIA, and SCSI drivers Installing and Using Applications 2-9 Guidelines for Installing Applications 29-30 defines the system driver subroutine 31 assigns memory manager to a double buffer space for more efficient performance 32 runs BatteryPro utility? 33 sets the IRQ and DMA for the sound driver 34 a device driver that loads Network software 35-36 defines the PCMCIA driver subroutine 37-40 runs PCMCIA drivers 41-42 defines the SCSI driver subroutine 43-44 runs SCSI drivers 45-46 defines the System Maintenance driver subroutine 47 installs RAM-resident disk space 48-49 defines the No System Drivers subroutine 50-52 defines the Games/Demonstrations subroutine 2-10 Installing and Using Applications Setting Up a Password Set ting Up a Pa ssword The computer provides the Password utility to limit access to your computer to only those who know the password. The password is valid until you remove or change it. c Be sure to select a password that you can remember. If you forget your password, you will not be able to access files. If this occurs, contact TI Technical Support. You will be required to send your computer to the TI manufacturing facility for service. This service is not covered by warranty. Loading the Password Utility 1. The Password utility is located on the System Recovery diskette provided with your notebook. To load this utility, insert the diskette into the floppy drive and go to the MS-DOS A: prompt. Type INST_PW The password is automatically installed in the following directory: C:\UTILS\PASSWORD 2. At the MS-DOS C:\> prompt, type UTILS\PASSWORD\PW and press ENTER. The Password Utility menu appears. From this menu you can install, change or remove a password, or you can exit the menu. 3. To select a Password command, press the initial character of the prompt, or press ↑ or ↓ to highlight to the desired command, and then press ENTER. Installing and Using Applications 2-11 Setting Up a Password Installing a Password 1. Highlight Install Password on the Password Utility menu and press ENTER. You are prompted for a password. 2. Type a password of up to eight characters, and press ENTER. 3. Press ENTER again to install the new password, or press ESC to cancel the action and return to the Password Utility menu. If you have already installed a password, when you select Install Password, the computer displays the following message: Password already exists Press any key on the keyboard to return to the Password Utility menu. Changing a Password 1. Highlight the Change Password command on the Password Utility menu and press ENTER. The Change Password menu appears. 2. Type the current password, and press ENTER. If you type the correct password, the message Password check OK displays on the next line, and you are prompted to enter a new password. If you type the wrong password, the message Incorrect Password 2-12 Installing and Using Applications Setting Up a Password displays on the next line, and you are prompted to press any key to return to the Password Utility menu. You can try to change the password again, or you can exit the Password Utility menu by selecting EXIT. 3. Type a new password of up to eight characters, and press ENTER. 4. Press ENTER again to install the new password, or press the ESC key to abort the process and return to the Password Utility menu. Removing a Password 1. Highlight the Remove Password command on the Password Utility menu, and press ENTER. The Remove Password menu appears. 2. Type the current password, and press ENTER. If you type the correct password, the message Password check OK displays on the next line. Press ENTER to remove the current password, or press ESC to abort the process and return to the Password Utility menu. If you type the wrong password, the message Incorrect Password displays on the next line, and you are prompted to press any key to return to the Password Utility menu. You can try to remove the password again, or you can exit the Password Utility menu by selecting EXIT. Installing and Using Applications 2-13 Setting Up a Password Entering the Password Once you install the password, you will be prompted to enter a password each time you start the computer. See the User’s Guide. c Caution: Be sure to select a password that you can remember. If you forget your password, you will not be able to access files. If this occurs, contact TI Technical Support at 1-800-TI-TEXAS. You will be required to send your computer to the TI manufacturing facility for service. This service is not covered by warranty. 2-14 Installing and Using Applications Setting Up a Non MS-DOS Environment Set ting Up a Non MS- DOS Env ironment To install an operating system other than MS-DOS, you must complete the following steps: 1. At the MS-DOS prompt, press FN+ESC or type C:\UTILS\SET_UP.EXE The Setup Program appears. 2. Press FN+PGDN to go to the page that displays Advanced OS Power: ON. 3. Using the Up and Down arrow keys, select the Advanced OS Power field. 4. Using the Left and Right arrow keys, select the word OFF. 5. Press ESC. 6. Press F4 to save the change. The system reboots. 7. Continue loading your operating system according to documentation that came with your software. For any additional drivers, call 1-800-TI-TEXAS. Installing and Using Applications 2-15 Restoring MS-DOS System Files Restoring M S-DOS System Files You cannot restore system files without having first created the backup diskettes. If your system is down, you cannot create these diskettes. It is very important to create backup system diskettes as soon as possible after the purchase of your computer. Refer to Chapter 1, Creating Back Up System Diskettes. The MS-DOS files COMMAND.COM, IO.SYS, EXTMSDOS.SYS, and MSDOS.SYS are necessary for the operation of your computer. If any of these files is accidentally deleted or modified, your computer will not function as designed. This section describes the procedure for restoring these files without affecting the applications and data files that may be on your hard drive. If you need more information, see the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference. n Note: IO.SYS, EXTMSDOS.SYS, and MSDOS.SYS are hidden files. You will not see these files if you view a directory of drive C using the DIR command. If COMMAND.COM is Missing If COMMAND.COM is missing from your hard disk, the screen displays this message during the boot process: Bad or missing Command Interpreter The computer then becomes inactive. Complete the steps in the next section to restore COMMAND.COM to your hard disk. If .SYS Files are Missing If the IO.SYS, EXTMSDOS.SYS, and/or the MSDOS.SYS files are missing from your hard disk, the screen displays the following message during the boot process: 2-16 Installing and Using Applications Restoring MS-DOS System Files Non-System disk or disk error Replace and press any key when ready This message is repeated when any key is pressed. Complete the following steps to restore the .SYS files to your hard disk: 1. Turn off the computer, and insert the 3.5-inch Microsoft MS-DOS, Disk 1 floppy into the floppy drive. 2. Turn on the computer and when the computer displays the "Welcome to Setup" menu, press ENTER, and follow the directions. You will be asked to verify date/time, country and keyboard layout, and the directory to which you will be installing DOS. 3. Press ENTER. DOS begins installing and prompts you for all three diskettes. A supplemental DOS diskette is provided. This diskette includes optional utilities such as AccessDOS, keyboard utilities, and MS-DOS 6.2 utilities. 4. To install the supplemental DOS diskette, insert it into do drive A and type A:SETUP During installation of the fourth diskette, the system will prompt you for a directory in which to place system files. 5. Type: C:\DOS Installing and Using Applications 2-17 Restoring MS-DOS System Files Restoring Windows After you restore the MS-DOS files, you will be instructed to restore the remaining software (Windows, BatteryPro, mouse, SCSI, PCMCIA, and TM4000M display drivers). 1. Place the Windows backup diskette you should have created after you purchased your computer in Drive A and from the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type A:SETUP You are prompted to use either Express Setup (recommended) or Custom Setup and to indicate the directory to which files will be copied. 2. Enter C:\Windows as the default. You are prompted to load each of the Windows diskettes. 3. When installation is complete, reboot your computer. Restoring BatteryPro Utilities After you restore the MS-DOS and Windows files, install the BatteryPro utilities from the backup diskette you should have created after you purchased your computer: 1. Insert the correct backup diskette into drive A, and at the MS-DOS A:\> prompt, type INSTALL and press ENTER. You will be asked to verify the default directory of C:\UTILS and to specify files to be installed. 2. Follow the instructions on the screen. 2-18 Installing and Using Applications Restoring MS-DOS System Files See more information on the BatteryPro utilities elsewhere in this manual. Installing and Using Applications 2-19 3 Custom Windows Utilities This chapter tells you about ❑ Utilities designed for your computer to enhance your performance while using Windows Contents Overview of Windows Utilities.......................................... 3-3 Information Utilities ........................................................ 3-4 Battery Level (Wbattery) .............................................. 3-4 BatteryPro APM........................................................... 3-4 Battery Saving Tips (Battips) ....................................... 3-5 Dosnotes ..................................................................... 3-5 Productivity Utilities........................................................ 3-6 Alarms Off (Walarms) .................................................. 3-6 Drop N’ Go .................................................................. 3-6 Change Cursor Icon .................................................... 3-6 Laptop Manager .......................................................... 3-6 LFM (Laptop File Manager) .......................................... 3-6 Power Icon .................................................................. 3-7 Super Shutdown Icon.................................................. 3-7 PCMCIA Information ................................................... 3-7 Sound Mapper ............................................................ 3-7 MIDI Mapper ............................................................... 3-8 Video Utilities.................................................................. 3-9 Drop N’ Go Utility .......................................................... 3-10 Basic Operations....................................................... 3-10 Adding/Changing Applications.................................. 3-10 Deleting Applications ................................................ 3-12 Copying Applications................................................. 3-12 Enable/Disable Menu ............................................... 3-12 Icon Placement.......................................................... 3-13 Change Cursor Utility ................................................... 3-14 Change Cursor Menu ................................................ 3-14 Creating a New Cursor .............................................. 3-15 Change Cursor Menu Bar ......................................... 3-17 File Menu.................................................................. 3-17 Configure Menu ........................................................ 3-18 Custom Windows Utilities 3-1 Contents Content s Super Shutdown Utility................................................. 3-19 Shutdown Options .................................................... 3-20 Icon .......................................................................... 3-21 Passwords................................................................. 3-21 Exit Modes ................................................................ 3-22 3-2 Custom Windows Utilities Overview of Windows Utilities Overview of Wind ows Utilit ies The TravelMate 4000M Series custom Windows utilities are accessible from Windows by double-clicking individual icons. Most of these utilities are found in the Notebook Group, but some are in the Startup Group, and still others are in the Control Panel of the Main Windows Group. The Windows utilities can be divided into the following categories: ❑ Information ❑ Productivity ❑ Video ❑ Cursor Custom Windows Utilities 3-3 Information Utilities Informat ion Utilit ies The information utilities provide you information you need quickly. Your computer has the following information utilities: Battery Level (Wbattery) Double-click on Wbattery in the Notebook Group to display the battery level dialog box for your TravelMate computer. This dialog box displays the approximate charge left in your computer based on user-specified settings. You may customize Battery Level settings by selecting SETTINGS from the Control-Menu box in the upper left-hand corner of the Battery Level dialog box. This displays the Battery Level Settings dialog box. At this point, you may modify the following parameters: ❑ The position of your Battery Level dialog box or Battery Level icon ❑ The elapsed time (in seconds) before the Battery Level dialog box reappears automatically on your screen ❑ Use of color or monochrome ❑ Minimizing the application Selecting OPTIONS from the Battery Level Settings dialog box allows you to specify when the application should indicate low battery levels (for instance, when the battery reaches 50% power). BatteryPro APM Double-click on this icon in the Notebook Group to display information about the battery-savings software in your computer: Texas Instruments BatteryPro Power Management software and Microsoft Advanced Power Management (APM) software. 3-4 Custom Windows Utilities Information Utilities Battery Saving Tips (Battips) Double-click on this icon in the Notebook Group for information about actions you can take to maximize the life of a battery charge. Dosnotes Double-click the Dosnotes icon in the Notebook Group to run the NBHELP program that describes many of the the DOS-level utilities. Custom Windows Utilities 3-5 Productivity Utilities Prod uctiv ity Utilit ies The productivity utilities help you function more efficiently while in the Windows environment. The computer has the following productivity utilities. Alarms Off (Walarms) Double-click the Walarms icon in the Notebook Group to disable the cover-closed alarm and the low-battery alarm. Drop N’ Go Drop N’ Go takes advantage of the Drag and Drop capabilities of Windows. To learn more about Drop N’ Go, refer to the Drop N’ Go Utility section of this chapter. Change Cursor Icon Double-click on this icon in the Notebook Group to optimize the Windows cursors. To learn more about the Change Cursor Utility, refer to the Change Cursor Utility section of this chapter. Laptop Manager Double-click on the Laptop Manager icon in the Notebook Group to load the Laptop Manager (LM) utility. LM is a DOS-level program that manages access to DOS-level applications. LM is described elsewhere in this manual. To return to Windows from the LM main menu, press Esc. LFM (Laptop File Manager) Double-click the LFM icon to load the Laptop File Manager utility. LFM is a DOS-level program that helps you manage, view, and edit directories and files on the hard disk or on floppies. LFM enables you to copy, delete, edit, print, rename, and perform other common file management functions using single-key commands. LFM is described elsewhere in this manual. 3-6 Custom Windows Utilities Productivity Utilities To return to Windows from the LFM main menu, press Q. You are asked if you are sure you want to Exit. Enter Y. Power Icon Double-click the Power icon in the Control Panel of the Main Windows Group to access the interface to Microsoft’s Advanced Power Management (APM) and Texas Instruments BatteryPro Power Management system. Super Shutdown Icon Double-click the Super Shutdown icon to exit Windows faster than the standard Windows exiting procedure. If you have made any changes to Windows applications, they display “save” prompts that ask if you want to update your files before exiting the Windows session. Refer to the Super Shutdown Utility section of this chapter. n Note: Shutdown is unable to close DOS applications. If any DOS applications are active, the application will be brought to the foreground and the user will be prompted to close it. PCMCIA Information This icon is located in the Control Panel window and provides status on the PCMCIA slots in the notebook. For further information on PCMCIA, refer to your Phoenix PCMCIA User’s Manual. Sound Mapper This icon is located in the Control Panel window. Double-click on the icon to display the Sound Mapper Configuration screen. From the Sound Mapper Configuration screen, you can: ❑ configure, change, disable, and get information about sound drivers Custom Windows Utilities 3-7 Productivity Utilities ❑ indicate preferred playback and recording file formats ❑ specify whether to use preferred devices only For further information, refer to online Help provided with this application. MIDI Mapper This icon is located in the Control Panel window. Double-click on the icon to display the MIDI Mapper screen. From the MIDI Mapper screen, you can: ❑ select a MIDI setup for a sound device ❑ create a new setup ❑ edit existing key maps, patch maps, and channel mappings For further information, refer to online Help provided with this application. 3-8 Custom Windows Utilities Video Utilities Vid eo Utilit ies The display utilities allow you to customize your notebook display for your operating environment. The following utilities are available from the Notebook group menu: ❑ Panel - sends output to the panel on the notebook ❑ CRT - sends output to an external VGA monitor ❑ SIMUL - Sends output to both panel and CRT Custom Windows Utilities 3-9 Drop N’ Go Utility D rop N’ Go Utilit y Drop N’ Go is an application that allows you to display frequently run applications as icons on your desktop or as menu items under the File Manager application. This bypasses the usual file-finding process and keeps your most useful applications at your fingertips. Applications loaded in Drop N’ Go appear as boxed icons to differentiate them from normal Windows icons. Basic Operations The following sections cover adding/changing, deleting, copying, and other application-specific functions relating to Drop N’ Go. To start Drop N’ Go, select the Exit button from the Drop N’ Go Setup menu and follow any instructions that appear on the screen. Adding/Changing Applications To Add or Change applications listed in Drop N’ Go, complete the following steps: 1. Double click on the Drop N’ Go icon in the Notebook group on your desktop. The Drop N’ Go Setup menu appears. 2. If you are adding an application, place the cursor under Icon Applications and single click. If you are changing an application, single click on the application you want to change. 3. Select the ADD or CHANGE button. The Icon Application dialog box appears. 3-10 Custom Windows Utilities Drop N’ Go Utility 4. n Enter required information on the application you wish to add. This very similar to the Run... dialog box used in the Program Manager. Note: The quickest way to Add or Change applications is to select the down arrow next to the Title box. Selecting from the list that appears quickly and automatically places all information. 5. Select OK. 6. To add the application as a menu item in File Manager, select Enable Menu from the Drop N’ Go Setup menu. 7. Place the cursor under Menu Title, click, and type the title of the menu you wish to use in File Manager (for instance, Drop N’ Go). 8. If you are adding an application, place the cursor under Menu Applications and single click. If you are changing an application, single click on the application you want to change. 9. Select the Add or Change button. 10. Enter required information on the application you wish to add. This very similar to the Run... dialog box used in the Program Manager 11. Select OK. 12. Close the Icon Application Setup dialog box. A message appears stating that your menu changes will not take effect until File Manager is restarted. 13. Close and reopen File Manager. Custom Windows Utilities 3-11 Drop N’ Go Utility You should now see the selected applications as icons on your desktop. When you open File Manager, you should see the menu created in steps 6 through 9. Deleting Applications You can delete applications from Drop N’ Go by completing the following steps: 1. From the Drop N’ Go Setup menu, select the application you want to delete by clicking on the filename under Icon Applications or Menu Applications 2. Select the DELETE button. A message appears asking if you want to delete the specified file. 3. Select OK. The file is deleted from the list. Copying Applications Normally you will want to have the same applications listed under Menu Applications that are listed under Icon Applications. The simplest way to set this up is to add or change applications under either Menu Applications or Icon Applications and select the Copy button. For instance, if you add Calendar under Icon applications, you can select the Copy button to automatically copy the application to the Menu Applications list (or vice versa) Enable/Disable Menu This feature of Drop N’ Go allows you to enable/disable the menu you created for the File Manager (see Adding/ Changing Applications). To enable or disable the menu, select the Enable or Disable Menu button and restart File Manager. 3-12 Custom Windows Utilities Drop N’ Go Utility Icon Placement You can control Icon placement on your desktop through Drop N’ Go as follows: Single click on the Drop N’ Go icon and select Save All Positions to save all icon positions as they currently appear on your desktop. From the Drop N’ Go Setup menu, select Stay on Top so that your icon always appears on top of open windows. Custom Windows Utilities 3-13 Change Cursor Utility Chang e Cursor Utilit y The Change Cursor utility in the Notebook Group lets you design or edit the shape and appearance of the following seven cursors used by Windows: ❑ The arrow is the primary pointer when using a pointing device ❑ The hourglass signals that Windows is saving work, loading a program, or otherwise performing work that cannot be interrupted ❑ The I-beam, called a selection cursor, indicates where your typing or drawing will appear. Usually the I-beam can be moved using your pointing device or mouse ❑ The four double-arrow cursors are used by Windows to denote box sizing. The cursors east-west, north-south, northeast-southwest, and northwest-southeast are named for the directions to which they point. Note: Custom cursors designed specifically for the TravelMate 4000M Series automatically load when Windows loads. Although these cursors were designed for visibility on the LCD, you can use the default cursors furnished by Windows instead. Change Cursor Menu On the Notebook Group menu, double-click the Change Cursor icon, and Windows displays the Change Cursor menu, described in the following subsections. Detail Window — The left half of the Change Cursor menu is a 32-by-32 element grid, called the detail window, on which you can create your own new cursors or edit cursors that you then can use instead of the default cursors Left Button Box — The two stacked boxes to the right of the detail window, labeled Left Button and Right Button, let 3-14 Custom Windows Utilities Change Cursor Utility you assign one of four editing functions to the left and right buttons on your pointing device. Clicking on the circles within the boxes causes the following when you subsequently move the pencil-shaped editing cursor to the detail window. n White causes the button to change the grid element to white Black causes the button to change the grid element to black Screen causes the button to change the grid element to the current screen background color: dark gray on the LCD or blue on a color display or an external color monitor. Used to cancel a changed element Inverse causes the button to change the grid element to display the inverse of the current screen background color: darker gray on the LCD or green on a color display or monitor Note: The current setting of the computer’s standard/ reverse video switch may cause the images to appear reversed. At the far right of the menu is a stack of eight boxes of various shades of gray (in color if you are using an external color monitor or a color notebook), called the preview window. You can move the cursor you are editing or designing into the boxes to judge the cursor’s appearance against different backgrounds. Creating a New Cursor Creating a cursor involves three primary processes: ❑ Using the File menu to open a new file or load a previously designed cursor. You may also recall default cursors from the Cursor menu. ❑ Drawing new cursor(s) on the detail window or editing existing cursor(s) Custom Windows Utilities 3-15 Change Cursor Utility ❑ Using the Configure menu to install (or remove) the new cursor(s) to load automatically when you load Windows You can start creating a new cursor as soon as you load the Change Cursor menu. Move the cursor into the detail window—it then assumes the shape of a pencil. Now click the left or right pointing device button on the grid elements you want to color. After you have completed designing the cursor to your satisfaction, you can save it by using the File menu described later in this section. If you want to restore a grid element to its original shade or color, click on the Screen option. Move your pencil cursor to the grid element you want to erase, and click to the left or right button you just changed to a Screen. You can also select one of the seven default cursors from the Change Cursor menu bar (described below) and edit it to create a new cursor shape. n Note: Change Cursor must always run in background so the custom cursors are available for other Windows applications. Always exit the Change Cursor menu by clicking on the Exit command in the File menu. This keeps Change Cursor running in the background. Do not use the Close command in the Control menu box unless you want to stop running Change Cursor and revert to the Windows default cursors. After you complete your cursor, you can save it as a new cursor under a new filename and/or install it as one of the active cursors as described under "File Menu" and "Configure Menu" later in this chapter. n Note: The Mouse control panel can override the Change Cursor selection in other pointer options, such as "growing cursor." 3-16 Custom Windows Utilities Change Cursor Utility Change Cursor Menu Bar Select Cursor at the Change Cursor menu bar to display the Cursor menu. The following items are available at this menu. n Note: Changes made to the cursors are temporary unless you save them to a file using the File command on the menu bar. Set hotspot sets the exact spot where the cursor actually points, defined on the detail window as an x. Select this item and a block cursor with a +(cross) in its center appears on the detail window instead of the pencil. Move the + cursor to the square in the detail window where you want the hot spot and click once. The x then appears on that square. Use this cursor as ... saves the cursor displayed in the detail window as the indicated cursor, no matter what shape you have made it. Get default . . . displays in the detail window the factory default for the indicated cursor. File Menu The File menu provides several options for manipulating the cursor files. New erases any cursor currently in the detail window and displays a clean grid. Open displays a menu at which you can type a new filename at the Open File Name box, or double-click the filename of a previously designed cursor. Save saves the cursor shown in the detail window under its existing filename. If you have not yet named the file, the program displays the Save As menu described below. Custom Windows Utilities 3-17 Change Cursor Utility Save As displays a menu where you can type a new filename for your cursor, or you can double-click an existing filename listed in the Files: window. If you select an existing filename, the program displays a menu asking you to verify that you want to replace (overwrite) an existing cursor file. Click on the OK button if you still want to replace an existing file. Exit minimizes the Change Cursor program (runs it in background) and returns control to Windows. If you have created or edited a cursor without saving it, the Exit command displays a menu asking if you want to save current changes. If you click on Yes, the program displays the Save As menu described above if the cursor is new or saves the changes if the file already existed. Configure Menu The Configure command enables you to save and install the cursor using the following options. Save cursor settings displays a dialog box listing the filename and path for the seven cursors used with Windows. If the listing is correct, click on the OK button. Load cursor settings restores cursor settings after you save them and automatically loads them for use in Windows. This function is automatically done if you use the Install for automatic setup option described next. Install for automatic setup modifies Windows so that it always boots (if CHCURSOR also is loaded) with the cursor(s) you select, either the default cursors or your own design. Clicking on this option presents a display asking you to OK or cancel the action. Uninstall Change Cursor Scheduling removes the CHCURSOR utility from Windows, which then uses the default cursors. relates to power-savings features. Do not change the value unless advised by your authorized TI representative. 3-18 Custom Windows Utilities Super Shutdown Utility Sup er Shut dow n Utilit y Super Shutdown is an automatic shutdown configuration utility available from the Notebook group. With this utility, your system exits Windows faster than the standard Windows exit procedure. You can also select from a variety of user-specified shutdown features that will customize the way your computer shuts down and reboots. Examples include automatically closing all Windows and DOS applications as well as saving files. To use Super Shutdown, single-click on the Super Shutdown icon so that the Shutdown Configuration Menu appears. n Note: If the Super Shutdown icon did not automatically load when entering Windows, you may need to re-install it from the BatteryPro backup diskettes you should have created after you purchased your system. This menu allows you to set the following as defaults for system shutdown: ❑ Options that allow customized software configuration upon system shutdown ❑ The position you want the Shutdown icon to appear on the LCD ❑ Options that customize the LCD ❑ Use of the Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) to communicate with Windows applications that support it ❑ Schedule times for automatic system shutdown Custom Windows Utilities 3-19 Super Shutdown Utility ❑ Maximum power savings for your computer during battery operation Shutdown Options Shutdown options allow you to: c ❑ Terminate Windows applications unconditionally ❑ Terminate DOS applications unconditionally Caution: These two methods may result in files not being closed properly and could cause disk errors. ❑ Allow any applications that support DDE (such as Microsoft EXCEL) to save and close any open files. ❑ Send keystrokes to DOS and Windows applications to close and save any open files. 3-20 Custom Windows Utilities Super Shutdown Utility Icon The icon options allow you to select whether or not you want the Shutdown icon to stay on top of any overlapping windows or to automatically appear in the position in which it was located at the time of system shutdown. Passwords You may set, enter, or change a password using the Super Shutdown Utility. Setting Passwords You may set or reset a password for Super Shutdown. To set or reset a password, complete the following steps: 1. Select PASSWORD PROTECTED on the Shutdown Configuration menu. 2. Select the SET PASSWORD button. The Change Password dialog box appears. Entering a Password To enter a new password, 1. Type the new password at the New Password line. 2. Retype the new password in the Retype New Password line. 3. Press ENTER. Changing a Password To change a password, 1. Type the old password in the Old Password line. Custom Windows Utilities 3-21 Super Shutdown Utility 2. Type the new password at the New Password line. 3. Retype the new password in the Retype New Password line. 4. Press ENTER. Exit Modes To select an exit mode for Shutdown: ❑ Single-click on the Super Shutdown icon and select the exit mode from the menu, or ❑ Select the Default Exit Mode from the Shutdown Configuration menu The following table explains exit modes available from the Super Shutdown Utility: 3-22 Custom Windows Utilities Super Shutdown Utility Shutdown Method Shutdown Method Description Exit to MS-DOS (default) Takes you to the MS-DOS prompt after shutdown Suspend Enters the power saving mode Exit to MS-DOS and Suspend Takes you to the MS-DOS prompt and enters the power saving mode Exit to MS-DOS and Eject Takes you to the MS-DOS prompt and then ejects the notebook from the Docking Station. Restart Windows Exits and then restarts Windows (useful when configuration changes have been made or application errors must be cleared. Reboot System Exits Windows and reboots the system Custom Windows Utilities 3-23 Super Shutdown Utility Application Setup The Application Setup button allows you to use the Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) to communicate with Windows applications that support it. Such applications are called DDE Servers. When selected, the Application DDE Information dialog box appears as shown in the following figure. Application DDE Information Dialog Box From this dialog box, the following information is required: 3-24 Custom Windows Utilities Super Shutdown Utility Application Setup Selection Description Window Name The window title that appears in the title bar. Clicking on the button next to the text box in the Application Close Information dialog box drops down a list of applications that are currently set up. Keystrokes String The DDE command or the string of keystrokes used to close any open files. For instance, to close an open Winword file, the keystrokes are ALT+F4. DDE Server Name The name that the application responds to for DDE communication (such as Winword). DDE Command The command sent to the DDE from the application. The Application Close Information dialog box checks this line if Keystrokes String does not function. To obtain DDE Command information, refer to the User’s Manual for your specific application or call the manufacturer. Custom Windows Utilities 3-25 Super Shutdown Utility The DDE Server and command string must be specified by the application software. If this is not documented in the software applications user manual, contact the software vendor for this information Scheduling The Scheduling feature of Shutdown is used during battery operation of your computer. If a power savings driver is active on your computer, Shutdown works with it to reduce power consumption while running Windows. The lower the value, the greater the savings. See the following figure for an example of the Scheduling dialog box. Scheduling Dialog Box Suggested Values: ❑ Microsoft Word for Windows v 1.1 or lower or Microsoft PowerPoint - value = 100 ❑ Games - value = 130 to 200 3-26 Custom Windows Utilities 4 Laptop Manager This chapter tells you about ❑ How to use the Laptop Manager utility to supervise your application programs ❑ How to configure the Laptop Manager utility to load your application programs at the touch of a key Contents Laptop Manager Features................................................ 4-2 LM Main Menu................................................................ 4-3 Loading LM ................................................................. 4-3 Exiting LM .................................................................. 4-3 Quick Commands Box ................................................ 4-3 Single-Character Quick Commands ............................ 4-4 Adding Applications to the Menu..................................... 4-5 Quick Commands Program Setup Menu...................... 4-5 Exiting the Quick Command Program Setup Menu ............................................... 4-13 Testing Your Menu ................................................... 4-13 Adding Items to the Application Menu ........................... 4-14 Changing LM Menu Colors ............................................ 4-15 LM_Setup...................................................................... 4-16 Laptop Manager 4-1 Laptop Manager Features Lap top Ma nag er Fea tures The Laptop Manager (LM) utility is an application control program that provides quick access to your applications. LM has two submenus on one screen on which you can list the names of applications installed on the hard disk. You can then load applications from one of the submenus with a function key, and from the other submenu using the arrow keys and Enter. LM enables you to specify unique operating parameters for each application under its control: ❑ Fixed and prompted parameters that are passed to the application as it loads ❑ Working directory ❑ Password protection, to any or all applications ❑ Individual color palettes for each application ❑ Power-savings level for each application ❑ Screen background during execution (not available on color models) ❑ CPU processing speed for each application Using these features you can select the parameters and operating environment that maximize battery-charge life and performance for each application you load under LM. n Note: Do not confuse LM with the Laptop File Manager (LFM) utility also furnished on your computer and described elsewhere in this manual. 4-2 Laptop Manager LM Main Menu LM Ma in Menu LM is installed on the hard disk at the factory and is also stored on the the backup diskettes you should have made after you purchased the notebook. LM displays its main menu when you load it from the Windows Notebook group menu or from the MS-DOS prompt. Loading LM You can load LM from the Windows Notebook group menu by double-clicking the Laptop Manager icon. You also can load LM at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt by typing LM and pressing ENTER. LM loads and displays its main menu. The main menu enables you to select your application. Procedures for adding items to the Applications list and Quick Commands box are described later in this chapter. Pressing F12 at the LM main menu loads the Change Menu screen. It enables you to add, delete, or modify items on the main menu. Procedures for using the Change Menu screen are provided later in this chapter. Exiting LM You can exit LM and return to Windows control by pressing ESC at the LM main menu. Or if you entered LM from the MS-DOS prompt, the MS-DOS prompt reappears. Quick Commands Box You can select applications added to the Quick Commands box by pressing the assigned function keys (F5 to F11). The following utilities are installed on the computer at the factory: Laptop Manager 4-3 LM Main Menu ❑ F1 — Help screens ❑ F2 — (Laptop) File Manager ❑ F3 — Save Config(uration) described under the SETCMOS utility elsewhere in this manual ❑ F4 — Reset Config(uration), which is part of the SETCMOS utility Single-Character Quick Commands At the bottom of the LM menu Quick Commands box are two commands: ❑ Pressing D (for DOS command) causes LM to display a prompt at the bottom of the screen where you can enter MS-DOS commands of up to 67 characters. Pressing ENTER starts the command. When the command is executed, pressing any key returns you to the LM main menu. ❑ Pressing P (for path) causes LM to display a prompt at the bottom of the screen where you can change drives or directories. For example, you can change from the C:\ (root directory) to the C:\UTILS directory by pressing P, typing C:\UTILS, and pressing ENTER. You can change from the C:\ drive to the A:\ drive by pressing P and A, and then pressing ENTER. 4-4 Laptop Manager Adding Applications to the Menu Add ing Ap plica tions to t he Menu You can add your own IBM AT-compatible applications to the LM main menu for easier access; you can also alter or move current menu items. After you have installed your own applications on the hard disk, you are ready to insert listings into the Laptop Manager menu. You can put the application name into either the Applications list or the Quick Commands box. Put the applications you use most often into the Quick Commands box. Put less frequently used programs and those requiring a longer name under the Applications list. Quick Commands Program Setup Menu 1. At the LM main menu, press F12. LM displays the Change Menu screen. Laptop Manager-Change Menu vn.nn Applications List Tue Oct 15 12:15 pm Change Menu Commands F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 Texas Instruments Incorporated TravelMate Series Microsoft Windows n.n C:\ - Help Insert Appl Delete Appl Modify Appl Cut Appl Paste Appl Modify Fkey Cut Fkey Paste Fkey Exit Password Screen Colors Save ESC = Exit 2. Press F7 to access the Modify Function Key. Laptop Manager 4-5 Adding Applications to the Menu 3. In response to the Modify Function Key prompt, press the function key (F5 through F11) you want to assign to your application. LM then displays the Quick Command Program Setup menu. Laptop Manager - Change Menu Vn.nn Tue Oct 15 12:15 pm Quick Command Program Setup - Fn Display string: [ ] Program pathname: Parameter string: Working directory: [ [ [ Password required? Use color palette? [N] [N] ] ] ] Password: Filename: [ [ Power savings level to use?........ Screen background during execution? CPU speed during program execution? [Current] [Current] [Low ] Keep Laptop Manager resident?...... Prompt after program execution?.... [Y] [N] ] ] F1=Help C:\ The Quick Command Program Setup menu helps you configure the Quick Commands box on the LM main menu. Press ENTER after you answer each prompt. Display String Type up to 15 alphanumeric characters (including spaces) to identify the name you want displayed beside your selected function key on the main menu. For example, type Communication 4-6 Laptop Manager Adding Applications to the Menu and press ENTER. Thereafter, the word Communication will be displayed in the main menu Quick Commands box, opposite the function key number you selected. You also can type line graphics characters to appear on the function key display. (Press F1 for a list of graphic characters you can use.) Press and hold FN-ALT, and then type the three digits for each graphic character on the embedded numeric keypad (blue key fronts). Then release FN-ALT. Program Pathname In response to the Program pathname prompt, type up to 67 characters for your application pathname. This is the command your application tells you to use to load the program at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt. For example, if your communication program (named COMPROG) is installed under the UTILS directory on the hard disk (drive C), to load the program you would type UTILS\COMPROG at the C:\> prompt. Therefore, you would type that same command at the Change Menu Program pathname prompt: C:\UTILS\COMPROG and press ENTER. The more complete your pathname, the faster LM can find and load your program. Refer to the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference for discussions of paths, pathnames, and directories. See your application documentation for directions on how to install the program on the hard disk and what command to use to load the program. Laptop Manager 4-7 Adding Applications to the Menu Parameter String The Parameter string prompt enables you to set up your menu so it does more than call applications. It enables you to define parameters passed to the program when it is loaded. For example, if your communications program requires a telephone number as a parameter when the program loads, you would type the number at the Parameter string prompt. In addition, you can create a prompt to solicit a typed input that is passed to the application as a parameter by using the string flag %S. In the previous example, you would type the Parameter string as: %S,"Enter phone number to call:" When you press the selected function key, the prompt Enter phone number to call: [ ] displays at the bottom of the LM menu. You would then type a phone number between the square brackets. When you press ENTER, LM loads the program into memory and passes the telephone number to the program. If you want the data you type in response to the prompt stored and used as a default value each time you load the program from LM, you can use the buffer flag %A in the Parameter string. In the previous example, you would type the Parameter string as %S="%A","Enter phone number to call:" With the buffer string in the Parameter string, the telephone number you typed is saved in the %A buffer and used as the default value the next time you load the program from LM. 4-8 Laptop Manager Adding Applications to the Menu You can use up to four optional parameter string buffers (%A, %B, %C, and %D); however, the %D buffer is assigned for use by the LM single-character command D (DOS). You can use all four, but the information in the %D buffer will change every time you enter a string for either the application or the D (DOS) command. Working Directory A working directory is one that is currently in use. Many applications require that the program reside in the current directory if it is not in the path. The Working Directory prompt enables you to change the working directory to meet the program’s requirements. This prompt’s primary purpose is for use with applications that use data files (for example, Lotus 1-2-3®, Microsoft Excel®, and most word processing programs) so you can name the directory that stores the associated data files. For example, if you are installing a word processing program named LETTERS and it might store data files under a directory you call DOC under the LETTERS directory on the hard disk, your working directory prompt could be C:\LETTERS\DOC n Note: If your application does not need or use a data-file working directory, leave the Working Directory prompt absolutely empty; that is, be sure there are no spaces or characters in the prompt field. Password Required? In response to the Password required? prompt, select Yes or No by pressing Y or N. If you choose not to use a password, the highlight skips the Password prompt. Laptop Manager 4-9 Adding Applications to the Menu Password If you choose to assign a password, type up to 19 alphanumeric characters (including spaces) for the password you want to use. To protect the secrecy of the password you type, the characters are not displayed; asterisks are displayed. Carefully memorize your password, and record it in a secure place away from where you store or use your computer. If you change your mind and decide to delete the password (before exiting the Setup menu), press Del until all asterisks are erased. c Caution: Once you assign a password, you have to use it every time you want to run the application to which the password is assigned. This caution is particularly pertinent if you assign a password to the Exit to DOS function (the Exit Password — F10 — key choice on the setup menu). If you forget the password for this function, you cannot get to the MS-DOS prompt or the Change Menu screen. Case is important in your password; to be accepted, a password must be typed exactly the way you entered it during setup. For example, if your password is all uppercase letters, you must type it that way to gain access to your program. Use Color Palette? If you have used the RPAL utility (see instructions elsewhere in this manual) to create individual color or gray-shades settings for each of your applications and stored them in data files, select Y(es) at the Use color palette? prompt and press ENTER. 4-10 Laptop Manager Adding Applications to the Menu Then, at the Filename prompt, type the pathname of the palette data file associated with this application, and press ENTER. n Note: Your UTILS directory has several color palette files configured as examples for use with individual applications. These files end with the .PAL extension (for example, the sample palette for Lotus 1-2-3 3.0 is Lotus3.PAL). When you install your applications, examine the UTILS directory for available palette files. Power-Savings Level to Use? n Note: This prompt does not function if the BATTERY.PRO device driver is omitted from the CONFIG.SYS file. When operating on battery power, some applications work more efficiently and still conserve battery power at different power-savings levels. If your applications are running satisfactorily at their current power-savings level, choose the Current selection at the Power savings level to use prompt. After reviewing instructions about power savings elsewhere in this manual, if you determine that a particular power-savings level works best for an application, press the Space Bar to select the level number (1 – 4). Or you can select 0 (zero) to disable the power-savings feature. Screen Background During Execution If you want the screen image reversed from the normal black-on-white image, you can select Reverse at this prompt. Select Normal for the standard black-on-white image, or select Current for the image in effect when you enter the program from LM. Laptop Manager 4-11 Adding Applications to the Menu CPU Speed During Program Execution? In response to the CPU speed during program execution? prompt, select the system speed you want to use during program execution by pressing the Space Bar to toggle among High, Low, and Auto. Select Low for optimum battery-charge conservation. Auto uses high speed if the computer is on AC power or medium speed if the computer is on battery power. Your application may specify a processing speed; check your application documentation. If you are running this application on a DX4 model, ensure that EMM386 or other memory managers are not loaded. Keep Laptop Manager Resident? If you want to keep LM in memory (resident) while your application is running, select Y in response to the Keep Laptop Manager resident? prompt. You may not want to keep LM resident when executing large programs; it uses approximately 130 KB memory space. You may want to select Y if you are running an application that does not use the entire memory and if you want to avoid wasting the time needed to reload LM from the disk after running your application. LM uses only 2.5 KBof memory if not resident. Prompt After Program Execution? In response to the Prompt after program execution? prompt, select Y if you want LM to display the following prompt when you exit your application program: Press any key to return to Laptop Manager If you select N, the LM main menu automatically returns with no prompt when you exit your application. 4-12 Laptop Manager Adding Applications to the Menu Exiting the Quick Command Program Setup Menu When you complete all your Quick Command Program Setup menu selections, press Esc. LM prompts you at the bottom of the screen: Keep changes? [Y] Press ENTER, ESC, or Y if you want to keep your changes or additions. Press N if you want to exit the Quick Commands Program Setup menu without keeping the changes you just made. In either case the LM Change Menu returns. At this point you can either select another Quick Command to program or press Esc to exit the Change Menu. If you made changes and previously elected to keep the changes, LM again prompts you at the bottom of the screen: Save changes? [Y] Press ENTER, ESC, or Y if you want to keep your changes or additions. Press N if you want to exit the Change Menu without saving the changes you just made. In either case the LM main menu returns. Testing Your Menu At the LM main menu, test your new application setup by pressing the newly assigned function key. Does it load the application program for you? If you get an error message, press F12, F7, and the newly assigned function key again. Check your entries for correctness. Be sure you specified the correct pathname and working directory and that the color palette file exists. You can add both information display strings and applications to the LM Applications list in the LM main menu. Laptop Manager 4-13 Adding Items to the Application Menu Add ing It ems to t he App lication Menu The procedure for adding items to the Application menu is the same as described previously for the Quick Command Program Setup menu, except you can use several function keys to insert, delete, modify, or cut and paste an item. On the Applications list, you must also designate whether the item is for display only or is to run an application. Press the Space Bar at the Application Type prompt on the Application Setup menu to select Display Only or Application. In other respects, the Application Setup menu works the same as the Quick Command Setup menu. You can enter up to 40 characters in response to the Display string prompt. If you need more space to enter a label or title than is available on one Display string prompt line, you can leave the Application Type prompt set to Display only, enter the line of type you want to have displayed, and move down a line at time, inserting lines by pressing F2 (Insert Application) for each line you want to insert. When finished inserting lines, toggle the Application Type prompt to Application by pressing the Space Bar when you get to the line on which you want to have LM run the application. n Note: If you press ↓ when the highlighted item is at the bottom of the Application List, the Change Menu automatically appears for you to create another entry. You can continue inserting entries—at the beginning, end, or between existing lines—in your Applications List up to a total of 255 lines. After you insert the seventeenth line, succeeding lines require you to use PGDN or PGUP (or ↑ and ↓) to view all lines on your list. 4-14 Laptop Manager Changing LM Menu Colors Chang ing LM M enu Colors Pressing F11 at the LM Change Menu causes LM to display the Screen Color Setup menu where you can change the colors of the LM menus displayed by an external monitor connected to your computer. This menu also affects the gray shades or colors displayed by the LCD. The menu is self-explanatory and also provides a Help display. Laptop Manager 4-15 LM_Setup LM_Set up This application executes when you press F12 at the Laptop Manager main menu. It allows you to change the current applications list, The Quick Key definitions, or the Screen Colors. Changes made are written to a data file (default is MFILE.DAT). The following table displays selections available from the LM_Setup menu: Key Name Description F2 Insert Appl Insert a new application at the current cursor location F3 Delete Appl Delete the current application F4 Modify Appl Change the currently selected application F5 Cut Appl Remove the current application from the list, retaining the information F6 Paste Appl Place a previously cut application in a new location F7 Modify FKey Modify the data for a function key F8 Cut FKey Remove FKey data and place in buffer F9 Paste FKey Place FKey data in the buffer in the FKey description F10 Exit Password Define or change Exit password F11 Screen Colors Modify current screen colors F12 Save Save application and FKey updates 4-16 Laptop Manager 5 Power Saving Utilities This chapter tells you about ❑ How to get the most work from a battery charge ❑ BatteryPro controls for optimum power savings; and the SETPOWER utility that enables you to control BatteryPro power levels ❑ SMARTDRV.EXE, a hard disk drive performance enhancement utility ❑ SPEED, which lets you change CPU operating speed for optimum performance and battery power savings Contents Optimizing Battery Operation .......................................... 5-2 Suspend/Standby Modes ............................................ 5-3 Auto-Suspend Mode .................................................... 5-4 Real-Time Power Savings ............................................ 5-5 Power-Saving Levels.................................................... 5-5 Configuration Power Savings ....................................... 5-7 SETPOWER Utility ........................................................ 5-10 SMARTDRV.EXE Disk Caching Utility ........................... 5-11 SPEED Utility................................................................ 5-12 Show Speed Switch ................................................... 5-12 Using the SPEED Utility ............................................ 5-12 Power-Saving Utilities 5-1 Optimizing Battery Operation Opt imizing Bat tery Op eration Your computer has three ways to save battery power: ❑ Manually turning off the LCD and hard disk by pressing STANDBY or setting up the computer to enter auto-suspend mode ❑ Saving power, in real time, while running your applications, through user-selected power-saving levels ❑ Specifying hardware and software configurations that best match your applications and battery-savings performance The following table summarizes the power saving modes; the sections following describe the modes in more detail. Power Saving Modes Summary Foreground/ Background Tasks Service Backlight Active? Interrupts On Mode Activate By Resume By Cover Closed Closing cover Opening cover No No Standby Standby Standby No Yes Auto Suspend pointing device & keyboard inactivity Activity Yes, after wakeup timeout for duration of inactivity timeout Yes HDD/FDD Accesses Drives Power Used (watts) No No 2.0 - 4.2 No No 2.0 - 5.0 Suspend No, Yes, has 2.5 - 6.0 except independent after timer wakeup timeout userspecified on/off Typical Operation Hard disk on 6.0 - 12.0 Hard disk off 5.0 - 11.0 Max. usage, all functions on 5-2 Power-Saving Utilities 20.5 Optimizing Battery Operation Mode Activate By Resume By Foreground/ Background Tasks Service Backlight Active? Interrupts On Battery Capacity HDD/FDD Accesses Drives Power Used (watts) 28.8 watt-hour Suspend/Standby Modes The computer has three suspend/standby modes you can select as needed. The three modes, listed in order of power-saving capabilities, are the cover-closed suspend mode, the manual standby mode, and the auto-suspend mode. All three modes are effective in the two Windows operating modes, including the 386-enhanced mode. The modes differ in the manner they are enabled and disabled: ❑ Task execution ❑ Task interrupt servicing ❑ LCD ❑ Hard disk and floppy drive accessing Caution: Using the suspend/standby modes for too long can discharge the battery to the point that it can no longer power both the LCD and the hard disk. If this occurs, your computer will not come out of standby mode and you must either recharge your battery or plug in AC power. Cover-Closed Suspend Mode This mode, which you can invoke simply by closing the cover, saves the most battery power. In this mode (if enabled in the Setup Program), the computer suspends all tasks, does not service interrupts, and disables the LCD, Power-Saving Utilities 5-3 Optimizing Battery Operation hard disk, and floppy drive. This mode overrides other standby/suspend modes. You also can use this mode to transport the computer short distances without turning it off. The computer instantly resumes normal operation when you open the cover. All operations continue where left off when suspended; however, time-dependent tasks may have lost time, and tasks dependent on device input/output may have lost data that overflowed buffers. You may want to avoid this mode with tasks that depend on real time, such as scheduling applications with audible or visual reminders and communication tasks that depend on input/output. Manual Standby Mode Pressing STANDBY puts the computer into standby mode, which turns off the LCD and both disk drives, suspends all tasks, and activates the orange light on the PWR indicator. Use this mode when you want to leave the computer for some time and do not want to turn off or reboot the computer. This mode saves about as much battery power as cover-closed mode. To resume normal operation, press STANDBY again. The computer displays the data in effect when it entered standby mode and resumes all tasks. This mode also is useful for transporting the computer for short distances. Auto-Suspend Mode In this mode the system suspends all tasks and turns off the LCD. The disk drives are controlled by the Hard Disk Timeout parameter in Setup, and the system services task interrupts as needed. The PWR indicator turns orange in 5-4 Power-Saving Utilities Optimizing Battery Operation this mode. The system remains in auto-suspend mode until activity is detected on a monitored device defined in Setup or until the Auto Wakeup Interval (selected in Setup) expires. When the Auto Wakeup Interval expires (5 to 20 minutes), the system returns to normal operation for the duration of the selected System Timeout Interval (1 to 15 minutes), at which time the system again enters the auto-suspend mode. Real-Time Power Savings Your computer has a special power-saving feature that can activate in real time while you are running your application. This feature is implemented by a special device driver called BATTERY.PRO in the CONFIG.SYS file: DEVICE=C:\UTILS\BATTERY.PRO [/Ln] [/Sn] [/MAP] where: /Ln specifies the power-savings level (0 through 4) described elsewhere in this chapter. If the /Ln switch is omitted, the default value of 2 is used. /Sn similar to /Ln but tells the system what to use under Windows when the computer is powered by AC. Mainly for sound software that doesn’t use Application Program Manager (APM). /MAP moves the extended BIOS data area within the base 640 KB system memory. The upper 1 KB of system memory is mapped to provide a corrective 640 KB of system memory. This switch should be used with applications such as QEMM to enable them to manage the high memory area more efficiently. BATTERY.PRO must be the first device driver in the CONFIG.SYS file to effectively use this switch. Power-Saving Utilities 5-5 Optimizing Battery Operation Power-Saving Levels The power-saving level you should use to optimize battery-charge life depends on the operations you are performing and how the application is written. Use Setup to define power-savings levels. BatteryPro does not usually conflict with applications. However, some applications may fail or suffer performance degradation. Try your applications at the highest level of savings, and evaluate their performance. If degradation occurs, try the next lower level until performance is satisfactory. The power-savings levels, 0 through 4, used by the BatteryPro and SETPOWER utilities are defined as follows: Level 0 Level 0 (zero) disables the battery power-savings feature. BatteryPro performs no real-time active power savings. Some programs that run well at more optimal power-savings levels require level 0 for installation. Level 1 Level 1 conserves battery power when the processor is idle, for example, when waiting for keyboard activity and device input/output. Level 1 features are also active in levels 2 through 4. Microsoft Excel and Windows perform well using level 1. Operating system enhancement programs such as DESQview also work well at level 1. Level 1 is the highest level you can use without affecting processor performance using Lotus PrintGraph or serial printer interfaces. Note: Some application programs such as Lotus 1-2-3 do not use standby mode for keyboard and other device inactivity. You must use a level higher than 1 to conserve battery power during keyboard activity. Level 2 The factory default, level 2, induces more idle time between keyboard activations and MS-DOS access. Performance is degraded slightly, but the difference 5-6 Power-Saving Utilities Optimizing Battery Operation should be unnoticeable. This level is the optimum compromise between program performance and battery charge life. Most applications work well at level 2, for example, Lotus 1-2-3 and Microsoft PaintBrush®, Word, and Works. Many programs that work well at level 1 also work well at level 2 (for example, Microsoft Windows). Level 3 Level 3 induces less idle time in the keyboard and MS-DOS access areas than level 2 but induces idle time in hard disk and video input/output. This level saves more power overall with applications that access the hard disk often. Programs with high disk read/write rates increase battery-power consumption. Level 3 “smooths” disk read/write power consumption over longer access periods, thus reducing peak power needs. Using level 3 (and level 4) permits more frequent disk access while using little more power than standby mode. Note: Generally, use level 3 only if level 4 is not acceptable. Try level 4 first. Levels 3 and 4 function identically, with increased power savings at level 4. Level 4 Combining all techniques used by the lower levels at a slightly higher value, level 4 produces the highest power savings—from 10 to 30 minutes extra battery life, depending on your application. This level also affects performance more than the other levels, but you do not notice this with most applications. Note: You can use the Dates or SETPOWER/S utility to display the current power level of BatteryPro. Configuration Power Savings Use the Setup Program to configure the system to best meet your power/performance requirements. Power-Saving Utilities 5-7 Optimizing Battery Operation Hard Disk Motor Timeout The hard disk turns off automatically after no activity for the time set for the Hard Disk Motor Timeout interval in the Setup Program. You can change the default 5-minutes setting using the Setup Program. Note: When the hard disk is off, remember that a slight delay occurs for the disk drive to reach operating speed. Some word processing and file editing programs save your work to a back-up file automatically, causing frequent access to your hard disk. This could use more power than leaving the hard disk always on. With such programs, set the Hard Disk Motor Timeout to higher values. If you find that the hard disk stays on too much even when you are not accessing it, try a lower setting, such as 1 minute. CPU Speed You can set the CPU Speed item in Setup to low, medium, high (which also corresponds to power consumption), or auto. The auto option sets CPU speed to high when you operate the computer on AC power or to low on battery power. Use medium if you are using battery power on DX4 models. Set CPU Speed to the lowest value acceptable to your application to save battery power. LCD Power You can set the LCD Power item to low, medium, high (which also corresponds to power consumption), or auto. However, the lower the LCD power, the higher the CPU video update performance. The auto option sets LCD power to high when you operate the computer on AC power or to medium on battery power. Setting the battery power to low, will give you better battery life and font screen updates. On most models, set LCD Power to the lowest acceptable values to save battery power. Some graphics programs do 5-8 Power-Saving Utilities Optimizing Battery Operation not display satisfactorily at lower values, so experiment with your particular application. This has no effect on color units. I/O (Input/Output) Ports You can individually disable the parallel or serial ports, if not in use, to save battery power. LCD Brightness Control The LCD is a major power user in the computer. Reducing the LCD brightness control level even a small amount significantly reduces power usage. Always set the brightness control to the lowest comfortable brightness level, especially in low light conditions (for example, on an airliner where longer battery charge life is important). Power-Saving Utilities 5-9 SETPOWER Utility SETP OWER Utilit y Using the SETPOWER utility, you can also set the BatteryPro power-savings level at any MS-DOS prompt. For example, at the C:\> prompt you can type SETPOWER /Ln where n is the power-saving level (0 through 4) you want to use. You can also include this command line in any batch file (AUTOEXEC.BAT) you create to load an application. Laptop Manager can automatically issue this command if you configure an application’s loading process using the Laptop Manager Change Menu. Note: SETPOWER and all other BatteryPro utilities furnished with your computer are loaded on the hard disk at the factory under the UTILS directory with the MS-DOS PATH command already in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file. If you want to know the current and maximum power levels, at the C:\> prompt type SETPOWER /S and press Enter. SETPOWER displays the current setting, 0 through 4, and the maximum available setting. Note: You can also use the Dates utility to display the current setting of BatteryPro. 5-10 Power-Saving Utilities SMARTDRV.EXE Disk Caching Utility SM ARTDRV.EX E Disk C aching Utilit y SMARTDRV.EXE is a disk-caching utility that reduces the time and power the computer needs to read data from the hard disk. SMARTDRV.EXE works best if you use many applications and files at one time. It is particularly effective when the computer runs multiple applications that require swapping, that is, copying applications to and from the hard disk to make room for all of the applications in memory. Note: Do not use SMARTDRV.EXE with any other diskcaching utilities. See the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference for a more detailed description of this utility. Power-Saving Utilities 5-11 SPEED Utility SPEED Utilit y The SPEED utility enables you to set the current CPU operating speed to low, medium, or high. However, because the faster speeds consume more power, you may want to select the low or medium speed to conserve power when you are operating the computer on its internal battery. You can change CPU speed in Setup (as described elsewhere in this manual) or by pressing CTRL-ALT-↑ or CTRL-ALT-↓ (except on DX4 models). Show Speed Switch The SPEED command /S(how) switch displays the current CPU speed setting if you type at the C:\> prompt SPEED /S and press ENTER. The program displays Current CPU speed is set to [High, Medium, or Low] Note: For this utility to work correctly on a DX4 model, EMM386 or other memory managers must not be loaded. Using the SPEED Utility You can set the CPU speed to low, medium, or high by typing at the C:\> prompt SPEED [/L] [/M] [/H] and pressing ENTER. The /L switch sets CPU speed to low, /M to medium, and /H to high. The program responds to the command by displaying Current CPU speed is set to [Low, Medium, or High] 5-12 Power-Saving Utilities 6 Palette Utilities This chapter tells you about ❑ PAL, which controls built-in LCD gray shades and colors as well as external monitor colors ❑ RPAL, which enables you to make real-time changes to gray shades or colors on the LCD or color combinations on an external color monitor Contents Color Display Utilities...................................................... 6-2 PAL Utility....................................................................... 6-3 Changing to a Predefined Palette ................................. 6-3 Changing Specific Shades ........................................... 6-3 Other Ways to Select a Predefined Palette .................... 6-4 Viewing the Current Palette......................................... 6-4 Installing RPAL ........................................................... 6-6 RPAL Switches ............................................................ 6-6 Using RPAL ................................................................. 6-8 Saving an RPAL Data File............................................ 6-9 Adding RPAL to Your AUTOEXEC.BAT File ................ 6-10 PALSET Utility .............................................................. 6-11 Modifying Gray Scale Palettes.................................... 6-11 Palette Utilities 6-1 Color Display Utilities Color Display Utilit ies For the monochrome models, the LCD simultaneously displays up to 64 colors as 64 shades of gray (mapped into the 64 VGA standard colors). You can change the shade of gray selected to represent each of the 16 colors to maximize contrast between adjacent gray scale shades when running programs that use particular color combinations. The mapping of gray scales to colors is called a palette. The computer has a default palette (P0) which is suitable for most applications, two alternative fixed palettes (P2 for text display and P3 for graphics), and two user-definable palettes (P4 and P5). In addition, palette P1 sets the foreground and background shades for text mode displays to give the best contrast. The P2 palette uses gray scales that uniquely match the colors used in a program displaying in text mode. Palette P1 uses a smaller number of gray scales to ensure that the displayed text is always readable on a background of any color combination. The RPAL utility furnished with the BatteryPro package enables you to modify the two user palettes, P4 and P5. However, in 4-color and 2-color graphics modes, the palette is predefined and cannot be modified. n Note: Some applications take control of the display and provide their own color setup procedures. See your application documentation for details. 6-2 Palette Utilities PAL Utility PAL Utilit y The PAL utility defines the current palette. The power-on default is defined in Setup as the LCD Palette. You can use the PAL utility to: ❑ Change to a predefined palette ❑ Change specific colors and gray shades Changing to a Predefined Palette To change to one of the system palettes or a user palette defined by the RPAL utility, at the C:\> prompt, type PAL Pn and press ENTER. In this form of the command, n has the following meaning. 0 1 2 3 4 5 n — — — — — — Default palette Standard palette 0 (text) Standard palette 1 (text) Standard palette 2 (graphics) User palette 1 User palette 2 Note: Palettes P0 through P3 are system palettes that cannot be changed. Palettes P4 and P5 are user palettes that can be modified using the RPAL utility described later in this chapter. Changing Specific Shades To change only a few specific shades, at the C:\> prompt type PAL Cp:c and press Enter. In this form of the command, p is the color number (hex 0 through F), and c is the gray scale shade number (hex 0 through F). Refer to “RPAL Utility” later in this chapter for the meaning of the color numbers. If c is smaller than p, the shade is lighter. If c is larger than p, the shade is darker. Palette Utilities 6-3 PAL Utility n Note: Palettes created or modified with the PAL command are not saved. PAL /S displays the currently selected LCD pallette. Other Ways to Select a Predefined Palette After you define a palette using the RPAL utility, you have two additional ways to select the defined palette: ❑ Select the palette from the keyboard ❑ Include the command in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file Selecting the Palette From the Keyboard — To change the current palette, press FN-ALT-ESC. Each time you press FN-ALT-ESC, the display changes to the next palette (P0 through P5). Stop pressing FN-ALT-ESC when the palette you prefer is displayed. Including the Palette in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file — If you want the computer to load a particular palette at start up, include the PAL command in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. For example, to start up with user palette 1 loaded, include the command PAL P4 in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. n Note: You also can press FN-ALT-ESC to toggle through the six available palettes. Viewing the Current Palette To view the palette currently in use, type PAL /S at the MS-DOS prompt and press ENTER. The current palette is displayed along with the following statement: 6-4 Palette Utilities PAL Utility Color Palette set to Grayscale Palette n (n=0 – 5) RPAL Utility With the RPAL utility, you can make real-time gray shade changes to the LCD or color changes to a color LCD or an attached color monitor. RPAL displays a small gray-shades or color palette over part of your current screen when you press a hot key (ALT plus an alphabet key you can assign). n Note: The RPAL pop-up menu is intended for use only with text applications and has no effect on graphics applications such as Microsoft Windows, Ventura Publisher®, and the graph display within Lotus 1-2-3. You can create custom palettes for each of your applications and store the specific settings in a data file. If you assign the custom palette file to the application using the Laptop Manager Setup Menu, the computer loads the custom palette when you select the application. By adding RPAL to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file, you can also define the current palette when you turn on your computer. n Note: Some applications provide their own color setup procedures. Some applications also take control of the keyboard and do not recognize the RPAL hot key. RPAL does not display the palette when you run graphics applications. However, you can adjust your colors or gray shades at an MS-DOS prompt before you load your graphics application program. Palette Utilities 6-5 PAL Utility Installing RPAL To see the switches for the RPAL utility, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type RPAL /? and press ENTER. RPAL displays the following menu and then returns to the MS-DOS prompt: Resident Palette VN.NN (c) 1990-92 Texas Instruments Incorporated Usage: RPAL [ /U /I /Ddatafile /Kc /1user1file /2user2file] [ ] - denotes optional parameters Parameters: /U attempt to uninstall RPAL /I install RPAL as a TSR /Ddatafile use palette setting in datafile /Kchar use char key with the ALT key as hot key, where char is a letter between A and Z /1user1file set user palette 1 to setting in user1file /2user2file set user palette 2 to setting in user2file RPAL Switches /I switch — Installing RPAL as TSR Program — You can install RPAL as a terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) program. As a TSR program, RPAL is accessible from MS-DOS and most applications by pressing a hot key (defined by the /Kc switch described on the next page). To install RPAL as a TSR program, at the C:\> prompt type RPAL /I and press ENTER. If you do not include the /Kc switch, the computer uses ALT-P as the default hot key. /U Switch — Removing RPAL From RAM — If RPAL is installed as a TSR program and you want to remove RPAL from RAM, at the C:\> prompt type RPAL /U and press ENTER. RPAL is deleted from RAM but not from the hard disk; you can reinstall RPAL at any time at the MS-DOS prompt. 6-6 Palette Utilities PAL Utility n Note: If other TSR programs are currently installed, you must uninstall them in reverse order from which they were installed. Or you can update your work and reboot to remove all TSRs from RAM. /Ddatafile Switch — Loading an RPAL Data File — To load an RPAL data file, at the C:\> prompt type RPAL /Ddatafile and press ENTER. In datafile include the full path and filename of the RPAL data file. See “Saving an RPAL Data File” later in this chapter. For example, if you stored your custom color data file (named COLOR.DAT) in the utilities directory (UTILS), your command to load the file would be: RPAL /D\UTILS\COLOR.DAT /Kc Switch — Defining a Hot Key — If you install RPAL as a TSR file without defining a hot key, ALT-P is the default. To define another alpha key (A through Z) as the hot key, at the C:\> prompt type RPAL /Kc and press ENTER, where c is the alphabet character key (A through Z) you want to be the hot key. /1 and /2 Switches — Defining User Palettes — To establish an RPAL data file as one of the two user palettes, at the C:\> prompt type either RPAL /1user1file or RPAL /2user2file and press ENTER. In these commands, user1file and user2file must be the full paths and filenames of the RPAL data file you select as user palette 1 (p4) or user palette 2 (p5). You can then access these palettes from the keyboard by pressing FN-ALT-ESC. Refer to the “Saving an RPAL Data File” later in this chapter. Palette Utilities 6-7 PAL Utility Using RPAL To use RPAL at any MS-DOS prompt or during most applications, press ALT-P (or ALT plus the hot key you assigned during installation); RPAL displays the following menu on the left side of your screen: Set Palette vn.n  Black 1 Blue 2 Green 3 Cyan 4 Red 5 Magenta 6 Brown 7 White 8 Gray 9 LtBlue A LtGreen B LtCyan C LtRed D LtMagen E Yellow F LtWhite 00 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 3A 3B 3C 3D 3E 3F H=Help 6-8 Palette Utilities PAL Utility You can use the following keys at the RPAL menu. RPAL Menu Function Keys Key Function ì↓ selects the color to adjust ← → selects the color hue or gray shade Ctrl-← moves the menu to the left or right Ctrl-→ so you can view the entire screen R resets all color hue or gray shades to their factory default values S saves the current palette to an RPAL data file (see the following section) L load an RPAL data file 1 saves the current palette as user palette 1 (p4) 2 saves the current palette as user palette 2 (p5) H displays help information Esc exits the menu RPAL changes gray shades or colors in real time, so you can see the changes as you make them. Saving an RPAL Data File To save an RPAL data file, follow these steps. 1. Press S from the RPAL Set Up Menu. RPAL displays a filename prompt. 2. Type the full path and filename of the RPAL data file. (RPAL limits your pathname/filename to 38 characters.) 3. Either press ENTER to save the file or ESC to exit without saving the file. Palette Utilities 6-9 PAL Utility n Note: You can save an unlimited number of palettes by assigning them unique filenames. Adding RPAL to Your AUTOEXEC.BAT File By including an RPAL command in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file, you can install RPAL each time you turn on the computer. Add the following line to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file: RPAL /I /Ddatafile /Kc where the option datafile is the pathname of your custom RPAL data file (if you do not want the factory default palette), and c is the alphabet character (A through Z) you want to use with ALT as the hot key combination (if you do not want to use the default ALT-P combination). n Note: The UTILS directory has several sample color palette files for use with individual applications. These files end with the .PAL extension (for example, the sample palette for Lotus 1-2-3 3.0 is Lotus 3.PAL). When you install your applications, examine the UTILS directory for available palette files and try them. 6-10 Palette Utilities PALSET Utility PALSET Utilit y The PALSET utility allows you to change the gray scale palette definitions for the User1 and User2 palette values. To use PALSET, type PALSET at the MS-DOS C:> prompt. The following keys are available at the PALSET main menu: Key Function Description F1 Help Provides additional information on PALSET functionality F2 Modify User1 Changes the color settings defined for the User1 palette F3 Modify User2 Changes the color settings defined for the User2 palette F4 Save Saves the currently displayed color settings for User1 and User2 to CMOS ESC Exit Exits the PALSET program Modifying Gray Scale Palettes To modify gray scale palettes, complete the following steps: 1. From the PALSET main menu, select F2 or F3 (depending on the user palette you wish to update. The Set Gray Scale User Palettes screen appears. From this screen, the following keys are used to make selections: Palette Utilities 6-11 PALSET Utility Key Function Description F1 Help Provides additional information on User Palette functionality F2 Reset Restores the original color values for the selected user palette ↑↓ Select Palette Selects the next or previous palette ←→ Change Color Changes the color definition for the selected palette ESC Exit Returns to the previous menu 2. Use the UP and DOWN arrow keys to select the color you wish to edit. 3. Use the LEFT and RIGHT arow keys to changes values for the selected color. 4. Select ESC to accept color changes or RESET to reset values to the previous settings. 6-12 Palette Utilities 7 Laptop File Manager This chapter tells you about ❑ Using the Laptop File Manager (LFM) program to manage and view your files and directories ❑ LFM commands that simplify directory and file copying, deletion, printing, renaming, and other common file management functions Contents Getting Started with LFM ................................................ 7-3 Loading LFM ............................................................... 7-4 Using the Main Menu ...................................................... 7-5 Function Key Commands ................................................ 7-6 F1 Help Key ................................................................ 7-6 F2 CDir (Change Directory) Key................................... 7-6 F3 ReRd (Reread) Key.................................................. 7-7 F4 STAT (Statistics) or CMDS (Commands) Key ........... 7-7 F5 Split (Split Screen) Key ........................................... 7-8 F6 Creat (Create) Key .................................................. 7-9 F7 Sort Key ................................................................. 7-9 F8 DOS (Disk Operating System) Key ........................ 7-10 F9 Go Key ................................................................. 7-11 F10 Setup Key........................................................... 7-12 Character Key Commands............................................. 7-15 Attr (Attribute) Command.......................................... 7-15 Copy Command ........................................................ 7-16 Delete Command....................................................... 7-18 Edit Command.......................................................... 7-19 Excl (Exclude) Command .......................................... 7-19 Find Command ......................................................... 7-21 Incl (Include) Command ............................................ 7-22 Print Command......................................................... 7-24 Quit Command ......................................................... 7-25 Rename Command.................................................... 7-25 Show Command........................................................ 7-26 Tag Command........................................................... 7-27 Laptop File Manager 7-1 Contents Content s Up (ESC Key) Command............................................ 7-27 Update Command ..................................................... 7-27 Multiple File Operations ................................................ 7-28 Tagging Files for Multifile Operation .......................... 7-29 Split Screen .............................................................. 7-29 Copying Multiple Files............................................... 7-29 Restoring Laptop File Manager ...................................... 7-30 7-2 Laptop File Manager Getting Started with LFM Get ting Sta rted w ith LFM The Laptop File Manager (LFM) utility supplied with your computer helps you manipulate files and directories stored on the hard disk. Many functions operate on two or more files, called multiple file operations. LFM can do the following: n ❑ Assign or change file attributes to one or multiple files ❑ Copy one or multiple files or directories to other directories or floppies ❑ Delete one or multiple directories and files from hard disk or floppies ❑ Find files using wildcard characters ❑ Send one or multiple files to a printer or other device connected to your computer ❑ Rename one or multiple files and directories ❑ Show files for viewing ❑ Change a file’s date and time ❑ Display hard disk and floppy statistics, such as disk capacity and disk space in use ❑ Create files and directories ❑ Sort the directory and file listings by name, extension, date, or size ❑ Execute MS-DOS commands or shells Note: Do not confuse Laptop File Manager (LFM) described in this chapter with the Laptop Manager (LM) utility also supplied on your computer. Laptop File Manager 7-3 Getting Started with LFM Loading LFM The Laptop Manager utility enables you to load LFM from the Laptop Manager main menu by pressing F2. You also can load LFM at the C:\> prompt by typing LFM and pressing ENTER. Either way, LFM displays a listing of the files and directories in the current directory similar to the following figure. From this listing you can select drives, directories, and files to view and manipulate. Laptop File Manager vn.nn C:\ Filename Ext DEMOS DOS iMAGES INTL JAZZ MOUSE PCMPLUS SCSI UTILS WINDOWS 24x18 AVI AUTOEXEC BAK DBLSPACE BIN COMMAND COM CONFIG SYS EXTMSDOS SYS IO SYS MSDOS SYS Bytes <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> <DIR> 1108890 693 64246 25308 79 30128 40662 38138 Mon Nov 30 12:00 pm Attr .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... A... A... ARSH A... A... ARSH ARSH ARSH Last Update 00/00/90 00:00:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:00:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:00:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:00:59 00/00/90 00:00:59 00/00/90 00:00:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 00/00/90 00:59:59 Commands Commands A - Attr C - Copy D - Delete E - Edit X - Excl F - Find I - Incl P - Print Q - Quit R - Rename S - Show T - Tag ESC- Up U - Update F1=Help F2=CDir F3=ReRd F4=STAT F5=Split F6=Creat F7=Sort F8=DOS F9=Go F10=Setup n Note: Typing LFM [path] at the MS-DOS prompt will execute LFM using the directory specified in the path. 7-4 Laptop File Manager Using the Main Menu Using t he Ma in Menu Use the following keys and commands to move the highlight around the LFM main menu to help you work with your directories and files. LFM Menu Function Keys Key Function F1 shows Help screen ↑ moves highlight up ↓ moves highlight down End highlights last listing Home highlights first listing PgDn shows next page or Help screen if more than 1 page PgUp shows previous page or Help screen S, Enter if directory name highlighted, shows selected subdirectory; if filename highlighted, shows contents of file T tags or untags highlighted directory or file for multiple command action Esc if at subdirectory, returns to higher directory; if at root directory, no action; if command active, cancels command Q exits LFM or current screen of split screen after the “Are you sure?” prompt: • press Y to exit LFM or one screen of split screen • press N or ENTER to cancel exit command Laptop File Manager 7-5 Function Key Commands Funct ion Key C ommand s The function keys (F1 through F10) listed along the bottom of the LFM main menu provide the functions described in this section. F1 Help Key Pressing F1 at the LFM main menu—and at some LFM submenus—displays a Help screen with condensed user instructions. Some Help screens have more than one page; look in the upper right corner of the Help screen for the number of pages available. Press PgUp/PgDn to move among the pages. F2 CDir (Change Directory) Key The change-directory function enables you to view other directories on the current drive, the floppy drive, and any optional drives connected to your computer. Press F2 at the main menu, and LFM prompts you at the bottom of the screen: Path: [ ] At this prompt, you can type the pathname of the directory or drive you want LFM to display. If you want to change directories, type C:\DIRNAME and press ENTER. LFM then displays the subdirectory and filenames of the directory named DIRNAME. If you want to change drives, type the drive letter followed by a colon (for example, A:). You also can name a subdirectory on the new drive for display. For example, type A:\EDITOR and press ENTER. LFM displays the EDITOR directory and its files. 7-6 Laptop File Manager Function Key Commands F3 ReRd (Reread) Key Pressing F3 causes LFM to redisplay the listing. This function is useful if you are examining several floppies on the floppy drive. Rather than having to press F2 (Change Directory) and type the pathname, press F3 each time you insert a new floppy. You can also “untag” all files you may have previously tagged by pressing F3. F4 STAT (Statistics) or CMDS (Commands) Key F4 is a toggle that causes LFM to display in the upper right quadrant of the main menu either the current drive statistics or a list of commands you can use at the main menu. If the statistics are displayed, the F4 prompt on the main menu shows F4=CMDS. If the commands list is displayed, the F4 prompt shows F4=STAT. The statistics display lists the following information: n ❑ The current drive letter and volume name (if any) ❑ The number of bytes available on the hard disk or floppy ❑ The number of bytes in use and available for use (free) on the hard disk or floppy ❑ The number of files on the current directory and their size in bytes Note: Subdirectories are listed as files with no size (0 length). ❑ Number of included (tagged) files, if any, and their size in bytes Laptop File Manager 7-7 Function Key Commands F5 Split (Split Screen) Key The split screen function enables you to view two directory listings on the same screen. At the LFM main menu, press F5 and LFM prompts you at the bottom of the screen: Path: [ ] Type the pathname of the second directory you want to view and press Enter. The directory can be on the same drive or a different drive. You can use all function key commands and single-letter commands on directories and files in either listing. Press F5 to switch the highlight between the upper and lower directory listing. Using Split Screen to Copy Files You can simplify use of the Copy command using the split screen mode. For example, you first select (highlight) the destination directory to which you want to copy the file and press F5, then ENTER. Then highlight the source file or directory on the other screen and press C. LFM then displays the destination directory name in the “Path: [ … ]” prompt described above. The split screen quickly displays the results of the copy process. Exiting Split Screen To return to only one screen, press Q to exit the highlighted window. LFM prompts you at the bottom of the screen Are you sure? [ N ]. To exit the split screen and return to one screen, press Y. If you do not want to abandon the split screen mode, press ENTER or N. 7-8 Laptop File Manager Function Key Commands F6 Creat (Create) Key Pressing F6 enables you to create a new directory or filename at the LFM prompt at the bottom of the screen [F]ile or [D]irectory: If you want to create a new file, press F. If you want to create a new directory, press D. LFM then prompts: Path: [ ] Type the filename or directory name and path and press ENTER. If you do not type a drive letter or directory name, LFM stores the new file or directory under the displayed drive or directory. You cannot create a new directory and a new file with one command. You must first create the new directory before assigning new or existing files to it. Example 1: If you want to create a new text file called MYFILE under the existing NEWDIR directory on the floppy drive, type A:\NEWDIR\MYFILE.TXT and press ENTER. Example 2: If you want to create a subdirectory called JULY under the existing MEMOS directory on the root directory of hard disk, type C:\MEMOS\JULY and press ENTER. F7 Sort Key The sort function enables you to display listed files in an order determined by one of several file attributes. Pressing F7 causes LFM to display at the bottom of the screen Sort file list: [N]ame, [E]xtension, [D]ate/time, [S]ize: Laptop File Manager 7-9 Function Key Commands Press the key corresponding to the boxed character in the prompt to begin the sort function. LFM then sorts and displays the files in the current directory listing (and all other directories LFM displays) according to the attribute you select from one of the following. Name Press N and LFM sorts all files in alphabetic order. If any filenames begin with nonalphabetic characters, they are displayed before the alphabetic names. Extension Press E and LFM sorts all files by filename extension in alphabetic order. Filenames with no extension are listed first. Date/time Press D and LFM sorts all files by most recent time and date. Size Press S and LFM sorts all files by number of bytes used, displayingthe largest first. F8 DOS (Disk Operating System) Key Pressing F8 at the LFM main menu causes LFM to prompt at the bottom of the screen Execute a DOS (S)hell or (C)ommand: ❑ n If you want to execute an MS-DOS shell, press S. LFM displays the C:\> prompt where you can type your shell pathname and press ENTER to execute. Note: When you finish using the shell, at the MS-DOS prompt type EXIT and press ENTER. 7-10 Laptop File Manager Function Key Commands ❑ If you want to execute an MS-DOS command, pressing C causes LFM to prompt at the bottom of the screen DOS Command: [ ] where you can type any MS-DOS command and press Enter to execute. F9 Go Key Pressing F9 at the LFM main menu causes LFM to load and execute programs based on the file’s extension. For example, if you want to execute the MS-DOS EDIT utility on a particular file, move the highlight to the EDIT.COM line under the DOS directory listing and press F9. Depending on how you have set up your LFM Execute Commands item in the F10 LFM Setup Commands menu, LFM may prompt you at the bottom of the screen Press ESC to cancel, any other key to execute: Press any key except ESC. Depending on how you have set up your F10 LFM Setup Commands menu, LFM then may prompt: Parameters: [ ] At this prompt you can type the pathname of the file you want to edit and press ENTER (or, if you are executing another type of file that requires no parameters, press ENTER to start execution). In the example, the MS-DOS EDIT screen would appear. When you exit the executable program, LFM reloads and displays its main menu. LFM uses extended/expanded memory for itself when you use the Go function, reserving all but about 8 KB for the program. If no extended/expanded memory is available, LFM uses about 130 KB of standard base memory. Laptop File Manager 7-11 Function Key Commands n Note: Do not use the Go function to execute a terminateand-stay-resident (TSR) program. LFM cannot reload itself when you exit the TSR program, and it displays an error message. The MS-DOS PRINT program is an example. If you intend to use PRINT, install it in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file so the resident portion of PRINT will load when you start the computer. F10 Setup Key Pressing F10 at the LFM main menu causes LFM to display a Setup Commands menu at which you can select one of three submenus described in this section to configure LFM operating features. Pressing F1 causes LFM to display a Help screen describing the setup functions. When you complete your changes to each menu, press ESC to return to the Setup Commands menu. Then press ESC again and answer the “Save changes?” prompt to return to the LFM main menu. 7-12 Laptop File Manager Function Key Commands Pathnames/Options Setup Menu Pressing P at the LFM Setup Commands menu causes LFM to display the Pathnames Setup and Options Setup menu. Pathname Setup Editor Pathname : [ C:\DOS\EDIT.COM Change Parameters : [ N ] Parms: [ %F Showfile Pathname : [ Change Parameters : [ N ] Options Setup Information Display Printer Output Restore Original Dir Execute Command Sort File List Key Screen Display Rows INCLUDE Directories Use DOSPRINT if inst : : : : : : : : Parms: [ %F ] ] ] ] Cmds LPT1 Yes Prompt Extension Normal No No At this menu you can type the pathnames of your own editing (or word processing) and show-file programs that you have installed in your computer. The MS-DOS Editor word processing program is furnished on your new computer as the default editor. If the Editor Pathname field is blank, the LFM main menu E(dit) command does nothing. LFM furnishes its own show-file program if you do not type a pathname to another show program. The executable pathnames you type at the prompts enable you to use the E(dit) command and the S(how) command at the LFM main menu. The Options Setup portion of the menu enables you to select several LFM operating and display features options. Laptop File Manager 7-13 Function Key Commands LFM Colors Menu Pressing C at the LFM Setup Commands menu causes LFM to display the Screen Color Setup menu at which you can change the colors of the LFM menus displayed by a color LCD or an external monitor connected to your computer or change the gray shades of the monochrome LCD. Execute Commands Menu Pressing E at the LFM Setup Commands menu causes LFM to display the Execute Commands Setup menu at which you can type the filename extension, program pathname, and prompting parameters for executable programs you want to respond when you press F9 as described in F9 Go Key. 7-14 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands Cha racter Key C ommand s The upper right quadrant of the LFM main menu lists the commands you can use to manipulate the directories and files displayed on the main menu. If the Commands box is not displayed, press F4 and LFM replaces the drive statistics display with the Commands box. To execute a command press ↑ or ↓ to highlight the directory/filename to which you want to apply the command and then press the first letter of the command name listed in the box to execute the command. n Note: Many of the character key commands are capable of operating on multiple files and directories. See “Multiple File Operations” at the end of this chapter for information. Attr (Attribute) Command To set or change file attributes, highlight the filename on the LFM listing and press A at the LFM main menu. LFM places an “A” to the left of the highlighted file and prompts you at the bottom of the screen Attributes: [Y]es, [N]o, [I]gnore: [I] arch [I] rdonly [I] sys [I] hide Press → or ← to move the cursor to the attribute you want to change. Then press either Y to set the attribute for the highlighted file, N to delete a previously set attribute, or I to leave the attribute unchanged. When you have changed the attribute(s), press ENTER to complete the process. LFM then changes the “Attr” (Attribute) column of the highlighted file to reflect your selections. Laptop File Manager 7-15 Character Key Commands arch (Archive) Attribute Setting a file’s Archive attribute affects how MS-DOS and some applications create a back-up file when you make changes to the file. rdonly (Read Only) Attribute Setting a file or directory to Read-Only protects the file from any changes or editing. The file cannot be written to or deleted from the storage device (hard disk or floppy). sys (System) Attribute The System attribute is used for system files (.SYS) required to start and run your computer. Usually only a user familiar with programming should modify this attribute. System files are hidden in MS-DOS directory (DIR command) listings, but LFM does display system files. hide (Hide File) Attribute The Hide attribute “hides” the file from the MS-DOS DIR and PRINT commands so that the file is not displayed, read, or printed. However, LFM does display, read, and print “hidden” files. Copy Command The Copy command enables you to copy the highlighted file, tagged files (see “Multiple File Operations” later in this chapter), or an entire directory to another directory or to the floppy drive. To copy a file or directory, highlight the file or directory name you want to copy, and press C. LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Path: [ ] Type the pathname where you want the directory/file copied to, and press ENTER. 7-16 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands ❑ If you do not type a new drive letter or directory name, LFM copies the file or directory to the current drive or directory. ❑ If you do not type a new filename, LFM uses the existing filename. You also can copy a file/directory to another name you type at the Path: prompt. You can create a new directory while copying. At the Path: prompt type the new directory name as part of the pathname, and press ENTER. LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Directory doesn’t exist, CREATE? [ Y ] Press Y if you want LFM to create the new directory. If you try to copy a file using the same filename under a different directory, LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Copy file : [R]eplace, [A]ppend, [S]kip To this prompt do one of the following: ❑ Press R if you want LFM to delete the existing file and replace it with the highlighted file. ❑ Press A if you want LFM to append (add) the highlighted file to the end of the existing file. Use this option if you want to combine multiple files into one file. ❑ Press S if you want LFM to abort the Copy process. Laptop File Manager 7-17 Character Key Commands Delete Command The Delete command enables you to delete the highlighted file, tagged files (see “Multiple File Operations” later in this chapter), or an entire directory and all files stored in the directory. To delete a file, highlight the file you want to delete and press D. LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Are you sure? [ N ] If you are certain you want to delete the file, press Y. LFM deletes the file and removes the filename from the listing. If you do not want to delete the file, press N or ENTER, and LFM aborts the Delete operation. To delete an entire directory of files, highlight the directory name you want to delete and press D. LFM prompts you at the bottom of the screen Delete Directory and ALL Subfiles?: [ N ] If you are certain you want to delete the directory and all its files, press Y. LFM displays a second prompt to be sure you want to delete a directory and all its files. Are you sure? [ N ] If you still are certain you want to delete the directory and all its files, press Y. LFM deletes the directory and its files and removes the directory name from the listing. If you do not want to delete the directory, press N or ENTER, and LFM aborts the Delete operation. 7-18 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands Edit Command The Edit command loads the highlighted file and the MS-DOS Editor. You can install and use almost any other word processing or editing program by entering its pathname using the Setup function. You must first install your word processor or editor on the hard disk according to the instructions furnished with your word processing program. You also can use the Microsoft Windows Write word processing application available under the Windows program furnished with your new computer. Excl (Exclude) Command The Exclude command works with the Include command. Both commands are used for multiple file operations where you want to execute one command (such as Copy or Delete) on a number of files in one operation. The Exclude command permits you to exclude selected filenames from tagged files using the Include or Tag commands. If you have not tagged any files using the Tag or the Include commands, the Exclude command takes no action. If you have tagged files—indicated by the >> symbol appearing in the left margin by the filename—you can exclude them from the listing by pressing X at the main menu. LFM then prompts you at the bottom of the screen Exclude: [A]ttribute, [E]arlier Date, [L]ater Date, [S]elect all, [I]gnore: This prompt permits you to exclude files from the tagged files according to the parameters in the above prompt. If you want to exclude (untag) all included names, press ENTER or S. Laptop File Manager 7-19 Character Key Commands Attribute To exclude (untag) all files with certain attributes, press the A key at the Exclude prompt and LFM prompts you at the bottom of the screen Attributes: [Y]es, [N]o, [I]gnore: [I] arch [I] rdonly [I] sys [I] hide This prompt enables you to exclude all files with the same attributes. For example, if you want to exclude all read-only files in a directory, move the cursor to the rdonly option and press Y to select read-only files. Then press ENTER twice. If you want to exclude all archived files, press Y with the cursor in the arch box. You can select any combination of attributes. Earlier Date The Earlier Date prompt enables you to exclude all files dated earlier than the date and time you select. Press E at the Exclude prompt and LFM prompts File Date: [12/21/90] Time: [12:34:56] At this prompt type the date or time which represents the latest date and/or time you want; LFM excludes all files dated earlier than that date. Then press ENTER and LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen File pattern: [ *.* ] At the File pattern prompt type the *.* wildcard characters if you want to exclude files only by date, or type filename extensions (for example,*.TXT) or filename fragments-plus-wildcards to further delimit the Exclude function. See “Find Command” described previously and your MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference for wildcard use. 7-20 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands Later Date Pressing L at the Exclude prompt displays the same File Date prompt as the Earlier Date prompt described above, and works the same except LFM excludes all files after the date you specify. Select All Press S (or the ENTER key) at the Exclude prompt to exclude (and untag) all files in the directory. This option is particularly useful if you first select all files and then use the Exclude command to remove certain files from the included list. Ignore Press I at the Exclude prompt if you do not want to use any of its options to select files. LFM then prompts at the bottom of the screen File pattern: [ *.* ] At this prompt you can type file patterns for LFM to use to exclude certain files. For example, the filename pattern *.TXT excludes all files with that extension from the tagged list. Find Command The Find command helps you find files on the current (displayed) directory, according to their filename/extension pattern. Pressing F at the main menu causes LFM to prompt at the bottom of the screen Find file: find the [F]irst or [N]ext: If you select the [F]irst option by pressing F, LFM looks for the first occurrence of the filename pattern starting at the beginning of the directory. Laptop File Manager 7-21 Character Key Commands If you select the [N]ext option by pressing N, LFM looks for the first occurrence of the filename pattern after the highlighted filename. After you press F or N, LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen File pattern: [ *.* ] At this prompt enter the filename pattern for which you are searching. For example, to find the first or next file with a .TXT extension, type *.TXT and press ENTER. LFM then searches for the first or next filename with the .TXT extension. If you want to find the first or next filename beginning with the characters MI, type MI*.* and LFM looks for the first or next filename beginning with those two characters. Incl (Include) Command The Include command enables you to tag (select) a number of files from the current (displayed) directory listing for later multiple execution of commands such as Delete and Copy. You can tag all files in a directory or certain files according to date, file attribute, or file pattern. You can use the Exclude command in conjunction with the Include command for even greater selectivity. Press I at the main menu and LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Include: [A]ttribute, [E]arlier Date, [L]ater date, [S]elect all, [I]gnore: Attribute To include (tag) all files with certain attributes, press A at the Include prompt, and LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen 7-22 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands Attributes: [Y]es, [N]o, [I]gnore: [I] arch [I] rdonly [I] sys [I] hide This prompt enables you to include all files with the same attributes. For example, if you want to include all read-only files in a directory, move the cursor to the rdonly option and press Y to select read-only files Then press ENTER twice. If you want to include all archived files, press Y with the cursor in the arch box. You can select any combination of attributes. Earlier Date This prompt enables you to include all files dated earlier than the date and time you select. Press E at the Include prompt, and LFM prompts you File Date: [12/21/90] Time: [12:34:56] Type the date or time which represents the latest date or time you want: LFM includes all files dated earlier than that date. Then press Enter, and LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen File pattern: [ *.* ] At the File pattern prompt type the *.* wildcard characters if you want to include files only by date, or type filename extensions (for example, * .TXT) or filename fragments-plus-wildcards to further delimit the Include function. See “Find Command” described previously and the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference. Laptop File Manager 7-23 Character Key Commands Later Date Pressing L at the Include prompt displays the same File Date prompt as the Earlier Date prompt described previously, and works the same except LFM includes all files after the date you specify. Select All Press S or ENTER at the Include prompt to include all files in the directory. This option is particularly useful if you first select all files and then use the Exclude command described previously to remove certain files from the tagged list. Ignore Press I at the Include prompt if you do not want to use any of its options to select files. LFM then prompts at the bottom of the screen File pattern: [ *.* ] At this prompt you can type file patterns to use to include files. For example, type the filename pattern *.TXT to include all files with that extension in the tagged listing. See the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference. Print Command The LFM Print command enables you to send the highlighted file to your system printer or other device connected to your computer via the LPT or COM ports. Using F10 (SETUP), the LFM Setup Commands, and the Pathnames/Options Setup screen described previously, you can select the printer port (LPT parallel or COM serial) and whether or not to use the MS-DOS PRINT command. The LFM Print command prints your file as recorded, with no pagination or perforation-skip capabilities. You must embed the appropriate printer control characters and escape sequences in your file to control your printer (see your printer’s user manual). Since most applications 7-24 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands provide their own printing facility, you may find their print functions more convenient to use. Quit Command The Quit command at the main menu erases LFM from RAM and returns control to MS-DOS, Laptop Manager, or Windows depending on how you loaded LFM. If LFM is in split-screen mode, LFM quits the current screen of the two screens. To quit LFM or one of the split screens, press Q at the main menu. LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Are you sure? [ N ] Press Y if you want to quit LFM. Press ENTER or N if you want LFM to remain on screen. Rename Command The Rename command enables you to rename the highlighted file or directory. You also can use the Rename command to move the highlighted file to another directory. However, you cannot move a directory in this manner; you can only rename the current directory. You can use the Rename command instead of the Copy command when you want to delete the files from their present area while copying the files to another area. To rename or move highlighted file or directory, at the main menu press R and LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen Path: [ FILENAME.EXT ] If you only want to change the name of the file or directory and not move it, type the new name, and press ENTER. Laptop File Manager 7-25 Character Key Commands If you want to move the file, type the entire pathname where you want the file moved, including the new or existing filename, and press ENTER. For example, to move MYFILE.TXT to the MEMOS directory on the root directory and change the name, type MEMOS\FILE1.TXT. LFM deletes MYFILE.TXT entry from the current directory and moves it to the FILE1.TXT file under the MEMOS directory. Show Command The Show command has two primary purposes: to display the data in a highlighted file for you to view and to display a subdirectory listing. Showing a Subdirectory To view a subdirectory, move the highlight to the directory name and press S. LFM displays the selected directory listing. To return to the next higher directory level, press ESC. If the root directory is currently displayed, LFM takes no action. Showing a File To view a file, move the highlight to the desired filename and press S. You cannot edit or modify the file using the Show command (unless you specified a word processor or editor program for the Show command). You can use PGUP and PGDN to page through the file, ↑ and ↓ to scroll up and down one line at a time, and ← and → to scroll left and right four columns at a time. Press HOME and END to display the beginning and end of the file, respectively. Press ESC to return to the LFM directory listing. 7-26 Laptop File Manager Character Key Commands Tag Command The Tag command enables you to tag (include) directories and files, one at a time, for later multiple file operations. To tag a directory or file, highlight the name of the file, and press T. LFM displays the >> symbol in the left margin opposite the name to denote that the directory or file is tagged; LFM then moves the highlight down to the next name. If you want to “untag” (exclude) a name, highlight the name, and press T. LFM removes the >> tag symbol. If you want to untag all tags, use the Exclude command or press F3 (REREAD). Up (ESC Key) Command The Up command displays the parent directory of the currently displayed directory. Press ESC at any listing, and LFM displays the next higher directory. If the root directory is currently displayed, LFM takes no action. Update Command The Update command permits you to change the Last Update date and time listing for individual files or multiple tagged files (but not subdirectories). At the main menu, press U and LFM prompts at the bottom of the screen: File Date: [01/01/90] Time: [00:00:58]‘ Type the new date or time you want, and press ENTER. LFM changes the date on the Last Update column listing to your new date. Laptop File Manager 7-27 Multiple File Operations M ultip le File Operations You can perform the same character key command on two or more directories or files by using the Tag command, Include command, or Exclude command to choose the names and then activating the command. The following LFM commands operate on more than one file: ❑ Attribute command ❑ Copy command—be careful with your pathname; do not supply a filename when copying multiple files; make use of MS-DOS wildcard characters * and ? (see the MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference). A Select each option enables you to choose to copy each file or directory and to Replace or Append the file. ❑ Delete command—be cautious using the Delete command with multiple files; examine the tagged names carefully before answering the final “Are you sure?” prompt ❑ Print command—places selected files in the print queue in the order displayed at the main menu from top to bottom ❑ Update command ❑ Rename command—you can use the Rename command to move more than one selected file to another directory: in the pathname, type only a directory name, and use MS-DOS * and ? wildcard characters Refer to the individual descriptions of these commands earlier in this chapter and, where the directions refer to one file, assume that the directions affect all tagged files and directories. 7-28 Laptop File Manager Multiple File Operations Tagging Files for Multifile Operation To select files for multifile commands, you can use either the Tag command to tag each file in the main menu listing or the Include and Exclude commands to select a large number of related names or extensions. You also can use the Include All command to tag all files and then selectively exclude files by pressing T(AG). If you want to include or exclude directories, follow these steps. 1. Press F10 to get to the Setup Commands menu. 2. Press P to get to the Options Setup Menu. 3. Highlight the Include Directories item and press the right arrow to toggle between Yes or No, and make your selection. 4. Press ESC to exit. Refer to the individual descriptions of these commands earlier in this chapter for more details. Split Screen You can simplify use of the Copy command using the LFM split screen mode. (Press F5 at the main menu to enter split screen mode). For example, using a split screen you can view and tag the source files and directories on one screen and the destination files and directories on the other screen. Copying Multiple Files When you tag multiple files for copying, LFM assumes you want to use the existing filenames under the new destination directory (or drive). Thus you do not have to type the MS-DOS wildcard characters in the pathname. Laptop File Manager 7-29 Restoring Laptop File Manager Restoring Lap top File Ma nag er If LFM has for some reason been deleted from the hard disk, you can install the LFM files from the backup diskettes you made of your system software during SETUP. After installing the software, you should be able to load LFM from the hard disk, Windows, or from the Laptop Manager main menu. 7-30 Laptop File Manager 8 VGA External Monitor Utilities This chapter tells you about ❑ Capabilities and operation of the VGA software when using an external monitor ❑ Technical data for users wanting to program the VGA enhanced modes Contents Capabilities .....................................................................8-2 Extended 1024 × 768 Graphics Mode...........................8-2 Extended 16 and 256-Color 800 × 600 Graphics Mode..........................................................8-3 Extended 256-Color 640 × 400, 640 × 480, and 600 × 800 Graphics Modes .................................8-3 132-Column Text Modes ..............................................8-4 VGA Utility ......................................................................8-5 Configuring Your Application Program .........................8-5 Installation Hints.........................................................8-7 TravelMate 4000M VGA Software.................................8-8 Using VGA.EXE ...........................................................8-9 Advanced Monitor Operations ........................................8-13 VGA and Extended VGA Programming .......................8-13 References ................................................................8-16 External Monitor Troubleshooting .................................8-17 VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-1 Capabilities Ca pa bilit ies Your TravelMate 4000M computer supports several enhanced modes beyond the VGA standard, including the ability to display 132 columns of text and 256-color graphics at resolutions of 640 × 480 and 640 × 400 on any supported monitor. In addition, the TravelMate 4000M supports 800 × 600 resolution, 16- and 256-color graphics on a multifrequency monitor and 1024 × 768 resolution, 16-color graphics on an 8514 or compatible monitor. Some products may also support 1280 x 1024 x 16 and 1024 x 768 x 256 resolution (interlaced). To take advantage of these enhancements, your computer includes software support for several popular application programs. The following sections describe the procedures necessary to install these programs so they can take full advantage of your computer’s enhanced capabilities. To obtain the external monitor display drivers, you must use the Maintenance and Backup procedures defined in Chapter 1 to make a VGA diskette. You must then install the drivers from the diskette into your /UTILS directory. This is done by typing A:\INSTALL. The TravelMate 4000M drivers described in this chapter assume you are using a color VGA configuration. If you are using a monochrome VGA monitor, use the VGA.EXE utility to switch from monochrome VGA mapping to color mapping before using the drivers. The command VGA VGA will set your computer to color mapping. Extended 1024 × 768 Graphics Mode The computer is capable of supporting a 1024 × 768 graphics mode with 16 colors. This high-resolution mode is interlaced and requires the use of an IBM 8514 or equivalent interlaced monitor. Some products may also support 1280 x 1024 x 16 and 1024 x 768 x 256 resolution (interlaced). 8-2 VGA External Monitor Utilities Capabilities Extended 16 and 256-Color 800 × 600 Graphics Mode Your computer display software can drive a multifrequency display in an extended graphics mode with 800 dots horizontally by 600 dots vertically in 16 or 256 simultaneous colors. This increased resolution effectively provides 56 percent more information than standard VGA modes with software that supports this mode. Note: The extended resolution 800 × 600 graphics mode of your computer requires a multifrequency monitor. The 1024 × 768 graphics mode requires an IBM 8514 or compatible interlaced monitor. The computer’s 800 × 600 graphics mode is not supported on the IBM PS/2 8503, 8512, 8513 or 8514 or equivalent fixed-frequency displays. You may need to adjust your multifrequency monitor to display the 800 × 600 graphics mode properly. Use the vertical and horizontal size and position controls on your monitor to display the entire 800 × 600 graphics mode image without distortion. Extended 256-Color 640 × 400, 640 × 480, and 600 × 800 Graphics Modes Your computer can display up to 256 simultaneous colors at a resolution of 640 × 480 dots. This mode gives five times the resolution of standard VGA 256-color graphics. The computer also can display up to 256 simultaneous colors at a resolution of 640 × 400 dots. This mode gives you four times the resolution of standard VGA 256-color graphics. VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-3 Capabilities 132-Column Text Modes Your computer supports two 132-column text modes on either fixed-frequency or multifrequency monitors. One mode displays 25 rows of 132-column-wide text. The second mode displays 60 rows of 132-column-wide text. These modes display large amounts of information at one time. These extended modes require specific software support to take advantage of their capabilities in software applications. 8-4 VGA External Monitor Utilities VGA Utility VGA Utilit y Most software that is compatible with IBM’s Personal System/2, VGA, or EGA will run automatically on your computer. Just turn on your computer and install your application for IBM PS/2 models 50, 60, 70 or 80 video, VGA, or EGA as instructed by the program’s documentation. Configuring Your Application Program Many applications include an installation or configuration program to prepare them for operation on particular hardware. Most newer programs are able to run in the default VGA configuration of your computer. However, some programs are written specifically for certain non-VGA or non-EGA video hardware so you may have to configure your computer to behave identically to the video board needed by the particular software. For this purpose, your system includes a utility to configure your computer to behave like each of the IBM standard video devices. This utility, called VGA.EXE, is described in the following section. The following table lists the fully compatible video standards supported by your computer and the video modes and resolutions available under each video standard. VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-5 VGA Utility TravelMate 4000M Video Standards Supported Simultaneous Colors (1) Mapping (2) VGA, PS/2 Display Adapter including MCGA and EGA modes (default) Monochrome Text – 80 columns × 25 rows Monochrome Standard Mode Resolution 80 columns × 25 rows 40 columns × 25 rows 80 columns × 60 rows 100 columns × 50 rows 100 columns × 60 rows 100 columns × 25 rows 16 16 Color Color 16 16 16 Color Color Color 132-Col. Text (4) 132-columns × 25 rows 132-columns × 60 rows 16 16 – – Color Color Monochrome Monochrome Graphics 320h × 200v (3) 640h × 200v (3) 320h × 200v (3) 640h × 200v (3) 640h × 350v 640h × 350v 320h × 200v (3) 640h × 480v 640h × 480v 1024h × 256v 1024h × 768v 800h × 600v 800h × 600v 640h × 400v 640h × 480v 1024 x 768 (5) 1280 x 1024 (5) 4 2 16 16 16 – 256 2 16 256 Color Color Color Color Color Monochrome Color Color Color Color 16 16 256 256 256 256 16 16 Color Color Color Color Color Color Color Color Color Text 100-Col. Text (4) Extended Graphics (4) Notes to the table: (1) “Simultaneous colors” - the number of colors or shades that can be displayed at one time. (2) This column refers to the old style display the mode was originally designed for. The 800h × 600v graphics modes require a multifrequency monitor, and 1024h × 768v graphics modes require an 8514 or equivalent compatible monitor. (3) The 200-line vertical resolution modes are double-scanned to display 400 lines on screen. (4) These modes require use of application-specific drivers that are found on your VGA diskette created at the time of system backup (refer to Capabilities earlier in this chapter). (5) Supported on some notebooks. 8-6 VGA External Monitor Utilities VGA Utility Installation Hints The following software installation tips may help you achieve the best monitor image. ❑ The best display images usually are achieved by installing your applications for the highest resolution mode available. ❑ Some applications automatically detect what type of video card and monitor combination are installed and configure themselves to take best advantage of the available hardware. ❑ Install your software for VGA or IBM PS/2 video if possible. This permits your software to run on your computer in start-up configuration. ❑ If your software does not specify a VGA or IBM PS/2 option and you are using a color analog monitor, try installing the application for “color” if available. This usually works in the computer’s default color mode on color monitors and the color LCD. VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-7 VGA Utility TravelMate 4000M VGA Software The /UTILS directory contains several programs designed to help you operate your external monitor most efficiently. Various drivers in the /UTILS directory let popular applications take advantage of your computer’s extended graphics and 132-column text modes. For driver installation instructions, run the INSTALL.BAT file by typing INSTALL at the MS-DOS C:\UTILS> prompt INSTALL and pressing ENTER. You can copy the drivers for programs such as Lotus 1-2-3. Note: To switch the display from the computer’s built-in LCD to a connected external monitor, use the CRT command at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt. If you want to display on the LCD, execute the LCD command at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt. 8-8 VGA External Monitor Utilities VGA Utility Using VGA.EXE The VGA.EXE utility enables you to customize several features of your LCD or external monitor. Note: The VGA utility may not operate correctly under Windows. At the MS-DOS C:\> prompt, type VGA and press ENTER. VGA displays a simple menu listing some of the options available. Use the ↑ and ↓ keys to select the feature you want, and press ENTER. To quit the VGA program, choose the Exit to Operating System option and press ENTER or simply press ESC. You may also load VGA.EXE from the DOS prompt line, thus bypassing the menu. This is useful if you want to incorporate VGA.EXE commands into a batch file. To view a list of available command line options, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt, type VGA ? Note that some commands are for the LCD only, and others are for use with an external monitor. To get more detailed information press F1, or at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt, type VGAHELP VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-9 VGA Utility The following commands enable you to use VGA.EXE at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt. VGA Utility Commands Command Description VGA Displays the VGA.EXE menu ALT Switches to or from the external monitor CRT Switches to the external monitor LCD Switches to the LCD SIM Switches to SimulScan mode REV Reverses the text foreground or background (not available on color models) NOR Switches to the default text foreground or background (not available on color models) GREV Reverses graphics only (not available on color models) BOTH Reverses both text and graphics (not available on color models) EXP Switches the LCD alignment to expanded mode NOEXP Disables LCD expanded mode CON0 Disables contrast adjustment CON1 Enables the black-and-white contrast adjustment CON2 Enables the background contrast adjustment CON3 Enables the foreground contrast adjustment 8-10 VGA External Monitor Utilities VGA Utility Command Description CON4 Enables the foreground and background contrast adjustments MON0 Sets the monitor type to VGA MON1 Sets monitor type to 8514-Compatible MON2 Sets monitor type to Super VGA MON3 Sets monitor type to Extended Super VGA MON4 Sets monitor type to Multi-Frequency MON5 Sets monitor type to Extended Multi-Frequency MON6 Sets monitor type to Super Multi-Frequency MON7 Sets monitor type to Extended Super Multi-Freq. BLON Turns backlight on BLOFF Turns backlight off VGA 80 × 25 Switches the computer to 25-line, 80-column text mode. This is the default configuration. A warm boot (CTRL-ALT-DEL) restores this mode. (Not available on color models.) VGA 80 × 50 Switches the computer to enhanced 80-column text mode. This results in 50 lines in VGA mode, or 43 lines in EGA mode. (Not available on color models.) VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-11 VGA Utility VGA 132 × 25 Switches the computer to color, 25-line, 132-column text mode. This mode is only for use with specific applications that have been designed to take advantage of this mode’s extended text capabilities. Not available on color models. Command Description VGA 132 × 43 Switches the computer to color, 43-line, 132-column text mode. This mode is only for use with specific applications that have been designed to take advantage of this mode’s extended text capabilities. Not available on color models. 8-12 VGA External Monitor Utilities Advanced Monitor Operations Advanced M onitor Operations VGA and Extended VGA Programming This section describes how to access the enhanced modes of your computer. The information in this section is intended for users familiar with assembly language programming. An understanding of this information is not necessary for normal operation of your computer. The VGA standard supports a variety of video modes. These video modes can be accessed through standard video BIOS calls from assembly language as well as high-level language routines. When you start up in MS-DOS, your computer is usually in standard 80-column text or “alphanumeric” mode. On a color system this is mode 3+. VGA 640 × 480 dot 16-color graphics is mode 12H. The following table lists the standard VGA video modes available with your computer. VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-13 Advanced Monitor Operations TravelMate 4000M Standard VGA Video Modes Mode (hex) Type Colors (1) Columns Rows Buffer Char. Size (2) Res. (3) 1 text 16/256 KB 40 25 B8000 9 × 16 360 × 400 2 text 16/256 KB 80 25 B8000 9 × 16 720 × 400 3 text 16/256 KB 80 25 B8000 9 × 16 720 × 400 4 graph. 4/256 KB 40 25 B8000 8×8 320 × 200 5 graph. 4/256 KB 40 25 B8000 8×8 320 × 200 6 graph. 2/256 KB 80 25 B8000 8×8 640 × 200 7 text 4 Mono 80 25 B0000 9 × 16 720 × 400 D graph. 16/256 KB 40 25 A0000 8×8 320 × 200 E graph. 16/256 KB 80 25 A0000 8×8 640 × 200 F graph. 4 Mono 80 25 A0000 8 × 14 640 × 350 10 graph. 16/256 KB 80 25 A0000 8 × 14 640 × 350 11 graph. 2/256 KB 80 30 A0000 8 × 16 640 × 480 12 graph. 16/256 KB 80 30 A0000 8 × 16 640 × 480 13 graph. 256/256 KB 40 25 A0000 8×8 320 × 200 Notes to the table: Default modes are 3 for color monitors and 7+ for monochrome monitors. (1) Colors: Where two numbers are given, the first is the number of colors available at one time; the second number is the total number of possible colors. (2) Character Size: The size of the matrix that contains each text character. (3) Resolution: All 200-line modes are “double-scanned” to display 400 lines on screen. 8-14 VGA External Monitor Utilities Advanced Monitor Operations Your computer display software adds 13 additional modes to the standard VGA modes. These modes are the 1024 × 768 and 800 × 600 extended VGA graphics modes, the 640 × 400, 256-color graphics and the 132-column by 25-row and 43-row text modes. These modes each have been assigned mode identification numbers, summarized in the following table. Note: Some products support 1024 x 768 x 256 and 1280 x 1024 x 16 resolution. TravelMate 4000M Extended VGA Video Modes Mode Number Resolution column/row Colors Character Mode Type Cell Size (1) Memory Address Notes 2D 640 × 400 256 8 × 16 Graphics A000 2E 640 × 400 256 8 × 16 Graphics A000 30 800 × 600 256 8 × 16 Graphics A000 CRT only 37 1024 × 768 16 8 × 16 Graphics A000 CRT only 1024 x 768 (2) 256 1280 x 1024 (2) 16 41 100 × 50 16 8×8 Text B800 CRT only 42 100 × 60 16 8×8 Text B800 CRT only 44 100 × 25 16 8 × 16 Text B800 CRT only 51 132 × 30 16 8 × 13 Text B800 CRT only 52 132 × 60 16 8×8 Text B800 CRT only 53 80 × 60 16 8×8 Text B800 54 132 × 25 16 8 × 16 Text B800 CRT only 64 800 × 600 16 8 × 16 Graphics A000 CRT only 6A 800 × 600 16 8 × 16 Graphics A000 CRT only 1024 x 768 256 (1) Character Size: The size of the matrix that contains each text character (2) Available on some notebook products VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-15 Advanced Monitor Operations References Programming the extended VGA modes is similar to programming the standard VGA video modes of the IBM PS/2 VGA and PS/2 Display Adapter. You may want to refer to the following publications for details on programming VGA in general. IBM Personal System/2 Display Adapter Technical Reference, April 1987, IBM part number 68X2251 S68X-2251-0 IBM Personal System/2 and Personal Computer BIOS Interface Technical Reference, April 1987, IBM part number 68X2260 S68X-2260-00 Programmer’s Guide to PC and PS/2 Video Systems, by Richard Wilton, Microsoft Press, 1987 (ISBN 1-55615-103-9) 8-16 VGA External Monitor Utilities External Monitor Troubleshooting Ext erna l Monit or T roub leshoot ing The following are typical symptoms of installation problems and their solutions. Symptom Solution No display (1) Computer not configured appropriately for VGA; configure the application as instructed in the application’s documentation. (2) Monitor signal and/or power cable not properly plugged in. (3) Monitor not turned on. (4) Brightness and/or contrast controls on monitor not adjusted properly. (5) LCD still active; use the CRT command to switch to external monitor. CRT or setup error on startup Setup Program not run. See Chapter 1 of this Manual. Screen displays distorted images or screen goes blank when software is executed Check that your monitor was turned on before starting your computer. VGA External Monitor Utilities 8-17 External Monitor Troubleshooting Symptom Solution Screen displays distorted image on IBM PS/2 monitor Your computer is configured for an invalid monitor via the Setup Program; the CRT Type item must be set to match the PS/2 display or equivalent fixed frequency monitor. Unable to display 800 × 600 You must have a multifrequency extended graphics monitor to use the extended 800 × 600 graphics mode of the computer. If you are using a multifrequency monitor, try adjusting the vertical hold and vertical position adjustments. Unable to display 1024 × 768 extended graphics This high-resolution mode is interlaced and requires the use of an IBM 8514 or equivalent interlaced monitor. Large blank bands at top and bottom of some images on multifrequency monitor; screen image does not fill up entire screen in some modes. Some multifrequency monitors do not automatically adjust vertical screen size as IBM PS/2 monitors do. Adjust your display for best results. 8-18 VGA External Monitor Utilities 9 Other Utilities Other utilities available from Texas Instruments are automatically installed in the /UTILS directory on the hard disk. Available utilities are as follows: ❑ ALARM utility that controls the low-battery and cover-closed alarm beepers ❑ GETSTAT utility that tests for the presence of external devices and the computer power source ❑ RAMDRIVE.SYS device driver that uses part of computer memory as a hard disk ❑ SETCMOS utility that restores your Setup Program settings in case of a power loss ❑ SETKEY utility that sets the PS/2 port settings as well as the keyboard typematic speed and delay ❑ DATES utility provides important system information Contents ALARM Utility ................................................................. 9-2 GETSTAT Utility .............................................................. 9-3 GETSTAT Commands.................................................. 9-3 Sample GETSTAT File ................................................. 9-4 RAMDRIVE.SYS Device Driver......................................... 9-6 SETCMOS Utility............................................................. 9-7 SETCMOS Command .................................................. 9-7 Restoring Factory Default CMOS Data......................... 9-8 Saving Your CMOS Data ............................................. 9-9 SETKEY Utility .............................................................. 9-10 Character Repeat Rate .............................................. 9-10 Character Repeat Delay............................................. 9-10 Dates ........................................................................ 9-11 Other Utilities 9-1 ALARM Utility ALARM Utilit y The ALARM utility enables you to turn on or turn off the low-battery beeper and the cover-closed beeper at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt. To view the command and its options, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type ALARM and press ENTER. The current status of the ALARM utility is displayed. The Cover Alarm is turned On. The Low Battery Alarm is turned On. To view a brief help display, type Alarm /? and press ENTER. The utility displays the following screen listing the command options and the current alarm status. Usage: - Alarm [/switch] Alarm - Shows status of Cover and Low Battery Alarms Alarm /On - Turns the Cover and Low Battery Alarms On. Alarm /Off - Turns the Cover and Low Battery Alarms Off. The ALARM utility turns on or turns off the low-battery and the cover-closed alarm beepers. You also can add either of the commands to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file to control the alarms when you boot the computer. For example, add the line ALARM ON to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file to turn on both alarms when you boot the computer. You can also control one or both alarms using the computer’s Setup Program. (See Chapter 1 of this manual.) 9-2 Other Utilities GETSTAT Utility GET STAT Utilit y The GETSTAT program can be used in a batch file to test for the following: ❑ Connection of an external monitor (/M) ❑ Presence of an optional external expansion unit (/E) ❑ Power source in use, external AC Adapter or internal battery pack (/B) ❑ Type of monitor in use, external or built-in LCD (/V) GETSTAT returns an error code to the batch file for it to test. GETSTAT Commands To test for the presence of an optional external expansion unit, use the command: GETSTAT /M If the monitor is connected, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL = 1; if the external monitor is not connected, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL = 0. To determine the current power source in use, use the command: GETSTAT /B If the computer is currently powered by the Battery Pack, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL = 1; if the computer is currently powered by the AC Adapter, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL = 0. To test which video device is in current use, use the command: Other Utilities 9-3 GETSTAT Utility GETSTAT /V If the computer is displaying data on both the external monitor and the built-in LCD, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL=2. If the computer is displaying data on an external monitor, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL = 1; if the computer is using its built-in LCD, GETSTAT exits with an ERRORLEVEL = 0. Sample GETSTAT File The following sample shows a typical GETSTAT file you could create as a batch file named SAMPLE.BAT. This file is stored in the /UTILS directory. 9-4 Other Utilities GETSTAT Utility @echo off rem version 1.0 25rem ======================== rem check the battery status rem ======================== getstat /b if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto yes_batt echo The unit is currently powered by external power source goto chk_video :yes_batt echo the unit is currently powered by the battery :chk_video rem ============================== rem check the video display status rem ============================== getstat /v if ERRORLEVEL 2 goto yes_sim if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto yes_mon echo the video is currently on the LCD goto chk crt :yes_mon echo the video is currently on the external monitor goto chk crt :yes_sim echo the video is currently on SimulSCAN :chk_crt rem ============================= rem check the presence of monitor rem ============================= getstat /m if ERRORLEVEL 1 goto yes_crt echo An external monitor is not conected to the system goto exit_all :yes_crt echo An external monitor is connected to the system :exit_all Other Utilities 9-5 RAMDRIVE.SYS Device Driver RAM DRIVE.SYS Device Driv er Note: When you turn off or warm start your computer, all data stored in RAM disks is lost (for DOS versions earlier than 6.0). The RAMDRIVE.SYS device driver enables your computer to use some of its memory as if it were a hard disk drive. Called a RAM disk (and sometimes a virtual disk), it is much faster than a hard disk because its data is always loaded into RAM. RAMDRIVE.SYS puts the RAM disks into the memory area above 1 MB. Note: Using the RAMDRIVE.SYS device driver increases the size of MS-DOS resident in memory. Install and use this device driver as described in the Microsoft MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference. 9-6 Other Utilities SETCMOS Utility SET CM OS Utilit y The SETCMOS utility enables you to save and restore the computer configuration data saved in a battery-powered CMOS RAM by the computer’s Setup Program. This utility is useful for: ❑ Restoring configuration data if the CMOS battery is ever removed, disconnected, or fails. Note: The CMOS battery is a small internal battery that powers the CMOS RAM; it is completely separate from the internal battery pack. ❑ Creating custom configuration data files for each of your applications. For example, if one program works best with extended memory and one works best with expanded memory, you can use SETCMOS to change configurations without having to use the Setup Program each time you load the application. The SETCMOS utility saves the current configuration data to a file you name. The factory default file, FACTORY.CMS stored under the UTILS directory, is the file used when you press F4 (RESET CONFIG) at the Laptop Manager main menu. When you change configuration data (for example, when you add options or change configuration for an application), be sure you save the data by pressing F3 (SAVE CONFIG) on the Laptop Manager main menu, or you can run the SETCMOS utility as described in this section. SETCMOS Command To view the SETCMOS command and options, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type SETCMOS /? and press ENTER. Other Utilities 9-7 SETCMOS Utility The utility displays the following screen and returns to the MS-DOS prompt. Usage: setcmos [ [/r] file /s file /n /d /v /h /? ] /r file Restore from file and reboot /s file Save to file /n No reboot on restore /d Don’t detect hard disk type /v Display version /h or /? This help message Saves/restores CMOS RAM to/from a file. Note: The /R switch is the default switch for the SETCMOS command. Restoring Factory Default CMOS Data To restore the factory default CMOS configuration data file, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type SETCMOS /R C:\UTILS\FACTORY.CMS and press ENTER. The factory default configuration values are restored in the CMOS RAM, and the computer reboots itself. The factory default file (FACTORY.CMS) is stored on the hard disk under the /UTILS directory. Note: You also can restore the factory default CMOS configuration by press F4 at the Laptop Manager main menu. 9-8 Other Utilities SETCMOS Utility Saving Your CMOS Data Once you have used the computer’s Setup Program to configure your new computer for your operating environment and options, you should save the data stored in the CMOS RAM to your own custom file. To save the current CMOS RAM data, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type SETCMOS /S MYFILE.CMS and press ENTER. You can type any filename you want instead of the MYFILE.CMS filename shown in the example. If you ever need to restore the computer to your configuration settings, type your filename to the SETCMOS /R command described previously. Other Utilities 9-9 SETKEY Utility SET KEY Utilit y The SETKEY utility enables you to set the keyboard typematic rate and the key repeat delay rate. This utility also sets or displays the current settings for the PS/2 port (Windows-based units only). The utility displays the following screen and returns to the MS-DOS prompt. Usage: SETKEY [/rx /dx /nx /px /S] /rx char repeat rate, x is: v - 30 cps f - 20 cps n - 10 cps (default) s - 5 cps c - 2 cps /dx char repeat delay, x is: 1 - 1 second 2 - .75s 3 - .5s (default) 4 - .25s Character Repeat Rate The character repeat rate, set using the rx code, enables you to adjust the number of characters per second (cps) the keyboard generates when you hold down an alphanumeric key. You can set the rate from 2 cps to 30 cps as shown on the CURSOR command listing. The default repeat rate is 10 cps. Character Repeat Delay The character repeat delay, set using the dx code, lets you adjust the time you must hold down a key before the typematic feature starts. You can set the delay from 0.25 to 1 second as shown on the CURSOR command listing. The default delay value is 0.5 second. 9-10 Other Utilities SETKEY Utility Dates The Dates utility provides the following: ❑ System Information ❑ System BIOS Information ❑ VGA BIOS Information ❑ BatteryPro Power Management Information To view data provided by the Dates utility, enter DATES at the MS-DOS prompt. Other Utilities 9-11 10 Sound Sound has been pre-installed on your TravelMate 4000M system. This section is an overview of the Sound utilities for Windows. Contents Features........................................................................ 10-2 Pocket Recorder ............................................................ 10-3 Changing the Effects on the Waveform ...................... 10-3 Editing a Waveform ................................................... 10-4 Zooming into a Larger View ....................................... 10-4 Playing Several Waveform Files ................................. 10-5 Playing a Single Waveform File .................................. 10-5 Recording a Waveform File ........................................ 10-5 Recording/Playback Considerations .......................... 10-6 Compressing Sound Files .......................................... 10-6 Using OLE with Pocket Recorder ............................... 10-6 Pocket Mixer ............................................................... 10-7 Starting Pocket Mixer ................................................ 10-7 Audio Mixer Configuration ........................................ 10-7 Setting an Audio Source to Play or Record................. 10-7 Recording Without a Microphone .............................. 10-7 Editing, Playing, and Recording..................................... 10-8 Using VU Meters ....................................................... 10-8 Pocket CD .................................................................. 10-9 Creating and Saving Playlists .................................... 10-9 Playing a CD ............................................................. 10-9 Assigning a Title to a CD ........................................... 10-9 Entering CD Track Titles......................................... 10-10 Deleting Songs ........................................................ 10-10 Adjusting Volume .................................................... 10-10 Cueing Pocket CD for Recording.............................. 10-10 Quitting Pocket CD ................................................. 10-10 Sound 10-1 Features Fea tures The sound card included in your TravelMate 4000M includes the following features: 10-2 Sound ❑ High quality sound ❑ Full Sound Blaster and Sound Blaster Pro compatibility ❑ 20-voice FM music synthesizer ❑ 44.1 kHz digitized audio playback ❑ Built-in 2:1, 3:1, and 4:1 compression/decompression for 8-bit PCM files in both mono and stereo samples ❑ µ-Law, A-Law, and IMA ADPCM compression/decompression in real time for 16-bit files ❑ MPU-401 UART mode compatible MIDI ❑ Supports the largest library of third-party software ❑ Joystick/MIDI port ❑ Built-in power amplifier Pocket Recorder Pocket Recorder Pocket Recorder is a Windows application for recording waveform data in 8 or 16-bit format. Pocket Recorder can splice and blend files together for interesting audio effects. With Pocket Recorder’s compression and decompression feature, you can record and play back 16-bit sound files at higher audio frequencies using a fraction of the memory space. To start Pocket Recorder, double click on the Pocket Recorder icon in the JAZZ group. To exit from Pocket Recorder, select Exit from the File menu. Changing the Effects on the Waveform In both the Higher and Lower commands, the total duration of the sound wave is held constant. The pitch alteration is achieved by removing every other wave sample to raise the pitch or by doubling each wave sample to lower the pitch. In both cases, this process changes the waveform’s duration. The technique used in the Faster and Slower commands is applied here to restore the waveform to its original duration with its new modified pitch. By using the Higher and Lower command in conjunction with the Faster and Slower command, the pitch and duration may be changed together. This is a more common feature found in other waveform applications. To get these effects with Pocket Recorder, the best results are obtained by applying the combinations in the following sequences: ❑ For increased rate and pitch, use first Higher followed by Faster. ❑ For decreased rate and pitch, use first Slower followed by Lower Sound 10-3 Pocket Recorder Editing a Waveform To edit a waveform, select the portion of the waveform file you want to cut, copy, or paste. You can either: ❑ Click on the mouse button while the insertion point is in the waveform view area and drag the mouse until a portion of the waveform is highlighted. ❑ Hold down the SHIFT key and click the mouse button at a point in the view area. This method selects a region between the current insertion point (if no position has been selected, the selection begins at the beginning of the view area) and the position where the mouse is clicked. Zooming into a Larger View You can zoom into a portion of the waveform by double clicking inside the view area. Once you have this zoom view, it is possible to see a wider range of frequencies. You can then select the portion of the waveform you want to edit by clicking and dragging over the waveform section. Edit by pressing the SHIFT key and clicking the left mouse button simultaneously. This highlights the region between the two selection points. 10-4 Sound Pocket Recorder n Note: You can’t scroll the view area while you select a portion of the waveform. You can’t click and drag outside of the waveform view area to scroll. You can only select one zoom mode at a time. Playing Several Waveform Files You can select a number of waveform files and drop the selection into Pocket Recorder to play. To do this, minimize the Pocket Recorder dialog box, select one or more waveform files (using a File Management tool), and drop the selection into Pocket Recorder. Pocket Recorder plays all selections in order unless you maximize the Pocket Recorder application. Playing a Single Waveform File To play a single waveform file, select OPEN from the File menu. Select the file you wish to play from the resulting dialog box and select PLAY. Recording a Waveform File To record a waveform file, ensure that your microphone or audio device is plugged into the microphone or line-in plug on the TravelMate 4000M. Select NEW from the File menu and customize your sample rate, channels, and sample mode. Click on the Record button and begin recording. To stop recording, select STOP. Save the file. Sound 10-5 Pocket Recorder n Note: Pocket Recorder does not allow you to produce a recording larger in size than the temporary recording file. Pocket Recorder uses an Auto-Stop feature when your temporary recording file becomes to large to be saved. Recording/Playback Considerations When recording, it is recommended that all audio sources not used as input for recording have their volume levels reduced to zero, even though no audio may be present. Compressing Sound Files You can select file compression in a 4:1 or 2:1 ratio or with no compression. To do this, select Save As... from the File menu and choose the desired compression rate from the resulting dialog box. Selecting OK saves the compressed file. Using OLE with Pocket Recorder Object linking and embedding (OLE) is a Windows 3.1 system that allows applications to transfer and share data by establishing a common link between them. The application requesting data is called a client while the application providing data is called the server. OLE clients include Cardfile and Write. OLE servers include Pocket Recorder, TM4000M, Excel, and Sound Recorder. A useful application for OLE would be sending a personal message through E-mail and having the recipient click on the embedded icon to hear your voice message. 10-6 Sound Pocket Mixer Pocket Mix er Pocket Mixer is a Windows 3.1 based application that allows you to: ❑ control master volume ❑ control volume levels and balance of individual input sources ❑ select a record source Starting Pocket Mixer To start Pocket Mixer, double click on the Pocket Mixer icon in the JAZZ group. Audio Mixer Configuration The driver found in your Control Panel window allows you to select the way DOS and Windows mixers interact with each other. Setting an Audio Source to Play or Record The Pocket Mixer can be used to mix five audio sources for playback. For recording, you can select one of the three audio sources: ❑ CD-Player ❑ Line-in ❑ Microphone Recording Without a Microphone When not using the microphone to record or playback sound tracks, reduce the volume level to zero to reduce extraneous noise. Sound 10-7 Editing, Playing, and Recording Edit ing, P laying, a nd Recording With Pocket Mixer, you can also: ❑ Edit waveform files ❑ Playback from other sources ❑ Record new tracks A common use of the Pocket Mixer is in recording voice annotation and placing them within other documents. You cannot use the Pocket Mixer to record a voice annotation over CD audio, for example. The Pocket Mixer allows you to select the recording source. You can adjust the recording level by using the slider in the Master volume knob. Using VU Meters To monitor recording levels, click on the VU meter button. For optimum recording of a strong signal, the VU meters should "Bounce" toward the top of the meter and periodically enter the red zone. To turn the VU meter function off, click on the VU meter button once again. n 10-8 Sound Note: The VU meter function can only be activated when the card is in a record mode. Pocket CD Pocket C D Pocket CD lets you play audio compact discs in your TravelMate 4000M CD-ROM drive. Pocket CD has controls similar to those used by the CD audio player you may have in your home entertainment center. Pocket CD can play back music CDs as either an icon or as a maximized window. If you minimize or close Pocket CD, the CD-ROM reader continues playing until you eject the disk. Pocket CD lets you select the order of songs you want to play with the default of sequential play. Creating and Saving Playlists Once you insert a CD into your CD drive, Pocket CD scans your CD for playlist information. If you did not create a playlist for your CD, Pocket CD displays a listing of the total number of tracks on that CD. Once you create a playlist, Pocket CD assigns a specific number to that CD. You may add, select, and modify playlists from the Edit menu. Playing a CD You can play a CD by inserting the disc into the CD-ROM drive, double clicking the Pocket CD icon and pressing the Play button. You can play as follows: ❑ by randomly rearranging the title selections in your playlist (using the Shuffle button) ❑ by playing specific tracks (by selecting a track title from the current CD Title box or selecting the Start of Track/Previous Track and Next Track buttons. Assigning a Title to a CD You can assign a title to a CD by selecting Modify from the Edit menu, typing the title in the title box, and clicking OK. Sound 10-9 Pocket CD Entering CD Track Titles You can title a track for a specific CD by selecting Modify from the Edit menu, selecting the song you want to name, and Saving from the File menu. A Playlist dialog box appears into which you type a Playlist filename. Select OK. Deleting Songs Select Delete Songs from the Edit menu. This command allows you to delete songs from your playlist. You cannot issue this command while a CD is playing. Adjusting Volume If your CD-ROM drive has audio output, you can control volume with the drive’s volume control or you can click the Pocket Mixer icon to call up Pocket Mixer. Click and drag the mouse inside the meter for CD audio (the meter with the CD disk icon above it) to adjust the volume. Cueing Pocket CD for Recording Use the Cue feature to pause Pocket CD. You can use this feature with Pocket Recorder to record audio from a CD that Pocket CD is cued to play. Quitting Pocket CD To end playing your CD sound track and eject the disk, exit out of the Pocket CD. Click on the eject button to eject the CD from the drive and select Close from the File menu. 10-10 Sound 11 TravelMate Options This chapter explains: ❑ Options available for your computer ❑ How to install and use some of these options ❑ How to use external monitors with the computer Contents List of Options............................................................... 11-2 Battery Options............................................................. 11-4 Battery Charger ........................................................ 11-4 Extra Battery Pack .................................................... 11-4 PCMCIA Options ........................................................... 11-5 RAM Expansion ............................................................ 11-6 Installing A RAM Expansion Board ........................... 11-6 Using the AC Adapter .................................................... 11-9 External Numeric Keypad............................................ 11-10 Carrying Cases............................................................ 11-11 Microphone/Headphone Kit ........................................ 11-12 Other Options ............................................................. 11-13 Printers ................................................................... 11-13 Cables..................................................................... 11-13 External Monitor ......................................................... 11-14 Supported Monitors ................................................ 11-14 Installing an External Monitor................................. 11-14 TravelMate Options 11-1 List of Options List of Opt ions The following options are available with your TM4000M computer: Portable CD-ROM Docking System Provides portable CD-ROM capabilities to the TM4000M notebook user. This is a 350 ms double speed CD-ROM drive with built in stereo speakers, Microsoft headphone, microphone, and CD-ROM sampler. The unit is battery and AC powered. Further information on the Portable CD-ROM Docking System is provided in Chapter 12. External Battery Charger Provides a fast way of charging a battery pack without inserting it into the computer. Spare Extends the time you may operate the Battery Pack computer before recharging. PCMCIA Options Provides modem and Ethernet connections. Memory Upgrade Memory may be upgraded to 8 MB (using a 4-MB upgrade kit) or to 20 MB (using a 16-MB upgrade kit). Spare AC Adapter You may purchase a spare AC adapter for your notebook. The kit includes an extra power cord. External Numeric Keypad Allows you to connect an external numeric keypad to the PS/2 port. Carrying Case Three versions available. Helps protect the computer and accessories during transport. Headphone/ Provides external headphone and microphone. Microphone Kit 11-2 TravelMate Options List of Options Printers You may connect almost any parallel printer to the parallel port or a serial printer to the serial port. Texas Instruments makes a variety of laser and impact printers you may use with your computer. (Printer interface cables sold separately.) MIDI Connection Allows you to connect external game and audio devices to your computer. SCSI Cables High Density to High Density (TI Part No. 9794074-0001) High Density to 50-Pin Centronix (TI Part No. 9694074-0002) TravelMate Options 11-3 Battery Options Batt ery Opt ions Your computer has the following options to enhance battery-powered operations: ❑ Battery Charger ❑ Extra Battery Pack Battery Charger The Battery Charger (TI Part No. 9793360-0001) enhances the battery power. The Battery Charger allows you to charge the battery that came with your Portable CD-ROM Docking System. n Note: It is recommended that you purchase an extra battery pack so that you always have a fully charged battery. This extra battery pack may also be charged using the battery charger. To maximize battery life, completely charge and discharge a new battery two to three times. Refer to the guide that comes with the Battery Charger for usage instructions. Extra Battery Pack Keeping an extra, fully-charged Battery Pack (TI Part No. 9793371-0001) on hand can extend the time you can operate your computer. Install and remove the extra Battery Pack as described in the Battery Release section of this chapter. When not in use, always keep the Battery Pack in its protective case to prevent accidental shorting or other damage. 11-4 TravelMate Options PCMCIA Options PC MC IA Opt ions Your PCMCIA options include the following: ❑ 14.4 KB data/send/receive fax modem ❑ Ethernet 10BaseT ❑ Ethernet 10Base2 ❑ Ethernet 10Base5 Refer to the Phoenix PCMCIA User’s Manual to configure your system with these options. Refer to installation instructions that come with these options for proper seating and cabling (if any) of the adapters. TravelMate Options 11-5 RAM Expansion RAM Ex pa nsion Your computer is equipped with 4 MB of random access memory (RAM). You can increase memory by installing one of the RAM options: ❑ 4-MB RAM Expansion Board (TI Part No. 9793357-0001). This expands RAM from 4 MB to 8 MB. ❑ 16-MB RAM Expansion Board (TI Part No. 9793358-0001). This expands RAM from 4 MB to 20 MB Installing A RAM Expansion Board To install the RAM Expansion Board, complete the following steps. c Caution: Prevent component damage caused by electrostatic discharge (ESD). Use a high-impedance, groundedconductive floor mat or wrist strap to prevent ESD. Before touching the integrated circuit devices, discharge static electricity from your hands, tools, and containers by touching them to a grounded surface. 1. Turn the notebook upside down on a padded surface. 2. Remove the screw from the RAM expansion compartment. 11-6 TravelMate Options RAM Expansion Removing the screw from RAM expansion compartment 2. Carefully attach the expansion card so that connectors match. Connecting RAM expansion card 3. Replace the plastic cover and tighten the screw. TravelMate Options 11-7 RAM Expansion Replacing the plastic cover After installing memory, check that all system memory is recognized by turning off QuickBoot in the System Setup. Memory is automatically checked at powerup. 11-8 TravelMate Options Using the AC Adapter Using the AC Ada pt er The AC Adapter - Charges the internal Battery Pack and operates the computer on AC power whether or not a Battery Pack is installed c Caution: Use only the AC Adapter supplied with your computer. Another adapter can damage your computer. To connect the AC Adapter, complete the following steps: 1. Set the power switch to the off (s) position, or press STANDBY to put the computer into standby mode. 2. Connect the female connector of the AC cord to the inlet on the AC Adapter. 3. Hold the round connector from the AC Adapter and press it into the matching jack on the rear panel of the computer. 4. Plug the male end of the AC cord into a grounded wall receptacle of the correct voltage. AC Adapter - Notebook 5. If you plan to use other external devices with your unit, connect the device to the computer before setting the computer power switch to the on (|) position. TravelMate Options 11-9 External Numeric Keypad Ex ternal Numeric Keypa d The optional Numeric Keypad (TI Part No. 2581381-0002) enables you to type numeric data while still permitting data entry on the keyboard. You also have the convenience of direct access to some functions (such as the PGUP, PGDN, and HOME keys) without the need to also press the Fn key. Installing the Numeric Keypad disables the embedded numeric keypad. Extended Numeric Keypad To attach the numeric keypad: 1. Turn off the computer. 2. Attach the keyboard connector to the PS/2 port on the back of your computer. 3. Ensure that the keyboard/numeric keypad/mouse switch is in the UP position. 4. Turn the computer on. For usage instructions, refer to the Numeric Keypad documentation. 11-10 TravelMate Options Carrying Cases Carrying C ases There are three types of carrying cases for the TM4000M notebook: ❑ Portfolio - a low-cost carrying case for your notebook computer (holds the notebook only) ❑ Carrying Case - a high-quality case for use with your notebook computer (holds the notebook with power supply, cables, etc.) ❑ Brief Case - Enough room to carry the notebook and portable CD-ROM docking system TravelMate Options 11-11 Microphone/Headphone Kit Microphone/Hea dp hone Kit The TravelMate 4000M has an optional microphone and headphone kit (TI Part No. 9793399-0001). The kit also comes with installation instructions. To plug in your microphone, insert the plug into the Mic connector on the back of the notebook. Microphone/headphone connections 11-12 TravelMate Options Other Options Other Opt ions Printers Texas Instruments makes a variety of laser, ink jet, and impact printers. Your computer has ports for both parallel and serial printers. To use a printer, connect the printer to the appropriate port on the left panel of the computer. Then run Setup as described in this manual. Refer to your printer documentation for more installation and usage instructions. Cables The following cables are available with the TM4000M and Portable CD-ROM Docking System: Cables Type Used With Part Number High Density to High Density TM4000M 9794074-0001 High Density to 50-Pin Centronix TM4000M and Portable CD-ROM Docking System 9794074-0002 TravelMate Options 11-13 External Monitor Ext erna l Monit or Supported Monitors The computer supports the following multifrequency external and VGA monitors. ❑ 31kHz/70 Hz (400/200 line mode) ❑ 60 Hz (480 line mode) ❑ IBM PS/2 monitors ❑ Multiscanning monitors covering 15.75 to 31.5 kHz, 50 to 70 Hz Installing an External Monitor c Caution: Always turn off the computer before connecting an external monitor. 1. Turn off power to both the external monitor and the computer. 2. Connect the 15-pin external VGA monitor cable to the 15-pin connector on the back panel of the computer. 3. Turn on power to the computer first; then turn on the external monitor. 4. Switch the display between the LCD and the external monitor by double clicking the Windows Notebook Group menu CRT or Panel icon. Alternatively, you may type: LCD, PANEL, SIMUL VGA UTILS at the MS-DOS C:\ prompt and press ENTER. 11-14 TravelMate Options External Monitor 5. In modes that support simultaneous display on the LCD and the CRT, switch to simultaneous display by double-clicking the SimulScan icon in the Windows Notebook Group menu or by typing SIM at the MS-DOS C:\ prompt and pressing ENTER. For usage information, refer to the external monitor documentation. TravelMate Options 11-15 12 Portable CD-ROM Docking System This chapter explains: ❑ Features of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System ❑ Options available for the Portable CD-ROM Docking System ❑ How to dock your notebook ❑ How to use features and options of your Portable CD-ROM Docking System Contents Features........................................................................ 12-2 Docking Your Notebook ................................................. 12-5 Undocking the Notebook ............................................... 12-7 Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System ................ 12-9 Microphones and Headphones .................................. 12-9 Audio Input............................................................. 12-10 Audio Output .......................................................... 12-11 Controls .................................................................. 12-12 Battery LED ............................................................ 12-13 Battery Release ....................................................... 12-13 Options ....................................................................... 12-15 SCSI Hard Drive Enabler Kit ................................... 12-15 AC Adapter.............................................................. 12-20 Battery Options....................................................... 12-20 Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-1 Features Fea tures The Portable CD-ROM Docking System may be attached to the TM4000M to provide multi-media capabilities for your notebook. Portable CD-ROM Docking System Features The Portable CD-ROM Docking System has the following standard features: ❑ Portable CD-ROM Docking System - supports both information and music CDs ❑ AC Adapter - provided with power cord ❑ Battery power - NiMH battery provides clean and efficient battery power. Battery charger is built in ❑ 50-Pin Centronix connector - can connect to up to six external SCSI devices ❑ Microphone/headphone kit - comes complete with microphone, headset, and instructions 12-2 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Features ❑ CD Home Sampler - comes complete with samples of Microsoft games for use in the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. ❑ Built in speakers - sound wings can be opened to provide enhanced sound ❑ CD Eject - slides the CD out of the drive ❑ Power - turns power to the Portable CD-ROM Docking System on and off ❑ Mic, headphone, and speaker ports - allows you to connect external microphones, headphones, and speakers ❑ Mix, balance, and volume controls - adjusts bass, treble, volume level, and sound distribution. These levels can also be adjusted using the sound software. For more information, refer to Chapter 10, Sound. Headphone (mixed sound) Microphone Power Headphone (unmixed) CD EJECT switch Portable CD-ROM Docking System - FRONT VIEW Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-3 Features DC In Line In SCSI Speaker Portable CD-ROM Docking System - REAR VIEW 12-4 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Docking Your Notebook Docking Your Noteb ook To dock your notebook to the Portable CD-ROM Docking System, complete the following steps: 1. Ensure that power is turned off at the notebook and that the AC adapter has been unplugged. 2. Remove the back plate from the notebook. Removing the back plate n Note: The Back plate may be stored in the backplate compartment on top of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. 3. Gently insert the notebook into the three male connectors (Audio In/Out/MIC) on the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-5 Docking Your Notebook Inserting the Portable CD-ROM Docking System 4. When in place, push the clamps on the side of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System in and then up to latch over the notebook. Clamping the notebook 5. When secure, plug in the DC connector. 6. Switch on the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. 12-6 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Undocking the Notebook Undocking t he Noteb ook To undock the notebook from the Portable CD-ROM Docking System, complete the following steps: 1. Turn off power to both the Portable CD-ROM Docking System and the notebook. 2. Remove all batteries and remove the power cord. 3. Unclamp the notebook. To do this, first push in on the tab with the thumb and lift the clamp up from the bottom so that the latch drops. Do this on each side of the notebook. Unclamping the notebook 4. Release the notebook by pressing in on the tabs at the back of the Portable CD-ROM System. Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-7 Undocking the Notebook Releasing the notebook 12-8 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System This section describes the functionality of your Portable CD-ROM Docking System. With the Portable CD-ROM Docking System, you may: ❑ CD Eject ❑ Power ❑ Plug in microphones ❑ Plug in headphones ❑ Plug in external audio sources ❑ Adjust audio Microphones and Headphones The TravelMate 4000M Portable CD-ROM Docking System features a microphone and headphone set. The following diagrams display where the microphone and headset plug into the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-9 Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System Microphone and headphone connections Software has been pre-loaded on your hard drive that configures your notebook for the microphone and headphone. To plug in your microphone, insert the plug into the Mic connector on the front of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. The headphones may be plugged in either at the CD-ROM player (un-mixed sound) or at the portable docking system (mixed sound)s. Audio Input You can plug in external audio sources through ports on the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. External sources may include: ❑ Musical instruments - Line in port ❑ Tape players - Line in port ❑ Mixers - Line in port ❑ Microphones - Microphone port 12-10 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System Audio input ports Audio Output You may output audio through the following ports on the Portable CD-ROM Docking System: ❑ Headphones - Phones port. There are two ports for the headphones. The port at the Portable CD-ROM Docking System allows you to listen to CDs as you would a normal CD player. The port on the right front of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System allows you to listen to music that has been mixed or edited through your notebook. ❑ Speakers - Speaker Out port Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-11 Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System Speaker port Controls The following controls are provided with the Portable CD-ROM Docking System: ❑ CD Eject - when pressed, releases the CD from the Portable CD-ROM Docking System ❑ Power - Turns power to the Portable CD-ROM Docking System on and off ❑ Volume - Adjusts the level of volume ❑ Balance - Distributes sound to left and right speakers ❑ Mix - Adjusts bass and treble 12-12 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System Battery LED The battery LED lights amber when the internal battery of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System is charging. The LED turns green when the battery is at least 90% charged. The Battery LED on the notebook lights red when the battery is low in the upper or lower compartments. Battery Release The Battery Release removes the battery from the notebook while the notebook is docked to the portable CD-ROM docking system. To release the battery, pull the battery release tab out. Battery release Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-13 Using the Portable CD-ROM Docking System n Note: The Portable CD-ROM Docking System cannot run on battery power if a third-party SCSI hard drive is installed. You must use AC power. The battery for the Portable CD-ROM Docking System can power both the Portable CD-ROM Docking System and the notebook. If the battery in the CD-ROM Docking System is too low to power the notebook, the notebook enters into Standby mode. You can place a charged battery in the notebook without first having to turn the system off. After inserting a new battery, press Standby to return to normal operations. 12-14 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Options Opt ions The following optional features can be purchased for the CD-ROM portable docking system: ❑ SCSI 2.5" Hard Drive Enabler kit - TI Part No. 9793373-0001 ❑ Spare AC Adapter - TI Part No. 9793362-0001 ❑ Battery Kit - TI Part No. 9793371-0001 ❑ Brief Case - will hold the portable docking system docked to a TM4000M notebook ❑ Battery Charger - TI Part No. 9793360-0001 ❑ 50-Pin Centronix to 50-Pin Centronix Cable - TI Part No. 9694704-0003 SCSI-II to 50-Pin Centronix Cable - TI Part No. 9694704-0002 SCSI Hard Drive Enabler Kit The Portable CD-ROM Docking System includes an external SCSI II connector. Using a special adapter with this connector allows you to connect up to six external SCSI devices. The SCSI hard drive enabler kit (TI Part No. 9793373-0001) can be used to place a SCSI drive in place of the battery on the underside of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. To install the SCSI drive, complete the following steps: 1. Turn power off to both the notebook and Portable CD-ROM Docking System and disconnect the power cord. 2. Turn the system upside down on a padded surface. The Portable CD-ROM Docking System may still be clamped to the TravelMate TM4000M notebook. Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-15 Options 3. Remove the battery by pressing the release button and sliding the battery out. Battery release 4. Remove the four screws beside the recessed area in the battery compartment of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. Remove screws 5. Open the SCSI drive kit. This should include a SCSI connector, metal bracket, plastic cover, screws, and installation instructions. 12-16 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Options n Note: You must purchase a third party 2.5" SCSI hard drive from your computer supply store or reseller. Seagate and Toshiba models are known to be compatible. SCSI Hard Drive Enabler Kit 6. n Attach one end of the SCSI connector to the SCSI drive and the other to the connector on the bottom of the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. Note: There will be left-over pins on the right side of the connector. 7. Place the drive in the Portable CD-ROM Docking System. Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-17 Options Attaching SCSI connectors 8. Place the metal bracket over the drive so that the holes in the feet on the plate are aligned directly over the holes left by removing the screws. 9. Screw the bracket down. Screw the metal plate over the drive 10. Slide the plastic cover over the drive until the plastic release tab clicks into place. 12-18 Portable CD-ROM Docking System Options Insert plastic cover 11. Turn the unit over, attach notebook, and plug in AC power. 12. Change the lastdrive in the CONFIG.SYS file from D to E. 13. Add ASPIDISK.SYS/D to the CONFIG.SYS file. 14. Reboot To partition and format the SCSI hard drive, perform the following steps: 1. Go to the SCSI directory and type AFDISK. 2. Verify the correct hard disk make and type. 3. Press ENTER. 4. Verify logical drive information. 5. Press INSERT to create the partition. 6. Follow instructions on the screen. Portable CD-ROM Docking System 12-19 Options 7. n When complete, reboot and type FORMAT D:. Note: The SCSI hard disk should be set at ID0. AC Adapter An AC Adapter is provided with your Portable CD-ROM Docking System. If you want to order a spare AC Adapter, refer to TI Part No. 9793362-0001. For further information refer to Chapter 11, TravelMate Options. Battery Options The following battery options may be purchased for your Portable CD-ROM Docking System: ❑ Battery Charger ❑ Extra Battery Pack For further information on these options, refer to Chapter 11, TravelMate Options, the TravelMate 4000M User’s Guide and the instructions that accompany the options. n Note: You cannot operate the Portable CD-ROM Docking System on battery power when a third-party SCSI drive has been installed using the SCSI Hard Drive Enabler Kit. You must use AC power. 12-20 Portable CD-ROM Docking System A Specifications Memory Memory for the TM4000M Series includes 4 MB of standard RAM with the following upgrades available: ❑ 4-MB Upgrade Kit TI Part No. 9793357-0001 ❑ 16-MB Upgrade Kit TI Part No. 9693358-0001 Display The following display types are available: DX4/75 8.5 inches - Active Matrix Color SX2/25 9.5 inches - Monochrome 8.5 inches - Active Matrix Color Video RAM 1-MB External Monitors The TM4000M Series notebooks may use the following external monitor types: ❑ 640 x 480 x 256 ❑ 800 x 600 x 256 ❑ 1024 x 768 x 256 ❑ 1280 x 1024 x 16 Specifications A-1 Appendix A Ap pend ix A Floppy Disk Drive All TM4000M Series notebooks use 1.44-MB, 3.5" floppy disks. Hard Disk Drives The following is a listing of hard drives types for the TM4000M Series notebooks: DX4/75 340-MB Hard Drive SX2/25 120-MB Hard Drive 200-MB Hard Drive CD-ROM Drive CD-ROM specifications are as follows: ❑ Single-sided ❑ 250 ms access time ❑ 300 KB per second sustained transfer rate ❑ Supports SCSI synchronous transfer (up to 4.2 MB per second) ❑ Supports photo-CD multi sessions disc compatibility and multi-media PC specification compatibility ❑ Output level - .9V (rms Typ) ❑ Output type - unbalanced ❑ Load impedence - 10 kΩ min A-2 Specifications Appendix A ❑ Frequency response - 20 Hz to 20 kHz +/- 3dB ❑ Distortion - 0.02% Max. (at 1 kHz w/20 kHz LPF) ❑ Signal to Noise Ratio - 84 dB Typ (IEC 179 A-weighted) PCMCIA Slots The TM4000M Series notebooks come standard with a PCMCIA slot that accommodates 1 Type III or 2 Type II PCMCIA option cards. Printer Ports The TM4000M Series notebooks come standard with the following: ❑ 16550 UART Serial Port ❑ EPP/ECP Parallel Port SCSI Connections The TM4000M Series notebooks can be connected to up to seven external SCSI devices (six if docked to the Portable CD-ROM Docking System). PS/2 Port The PS/2 port accommodates either an external keyboard, numeric keypad, or mouse. Since an internal pointing device already exists on the TM4000M Series notebooks, you must complete the following steps to use an external mouse: 1. Turn off the computer. Specifications A-3 Appendix A n Note: If you connect the PS/2 mouse to the computer while power is on, press CTRL-ALT-DEL (warm start), or cycle power so the computer can detect the presence of the mouse. 2. Attach the six-pin Mini-Din connector to the mouse and insert the other end of the connector into the external keyboard port on the TravelMate 4000M. 3. Set the keyboard switch located between the serial and parallel port on the rear of the notebook to the down position. This deactivates the internal pointing device. 4. Reconnect the AC Adapter, and turn on the computer. MIDI Connection You can purchase a MIDI connector cable that will connect digital musical devices or game devices to the MIDI/Joystick port on the back of your notebook. MIDI Connector MIDI Connector A-4 Specifications Appendix A Sound TM4000M Series notebooks come with 16-bit sound and MIDI connections as standard features. Environment This section provides information on the optimum operating environment for your TravelMate 4000M notebook computer: Temperature Operating: 50o to 95o F (10o C to 35o C) Storage: -4o to 140o F (-20o C to +60o C) Relative Humidity (Noncondensing) Operating: 20% to 80% Storage: 10% to 90% Shock Maximum 60g pulse in X and Y orientation and a 35g pulse in the Z axis. Operating: Maximum 6g pulse in X, Y, and Z orientations Storage: Maximum 60g pulse in X, Y, and Z orientations Vibration Operating: Sinusoidal 5 to 20 Hz limited to 0.0244 inch peak-to-peak maximum displacement 0.5g, 20 to 400 Hz Specifications A-5 Appendix A Storage: Sinusoidal 5 to 20 Hz limited to 0.244 inch peak-to-peak maximum displacement 5.0g, 20 to 400Hz Options Refer to the individual publications furnished with each option for specifications. A-6 Specifications B Character Sets The TravelMate Computer character sets are identical to the IBM Code Pages for MS-DOS. This appendix shows the character sets for Code Page 437 (United States), 850 (Multilingual), 863 (Canadian-French), and 865 (Nordic), with the decimal and hexadecimal codes for each character. The four-character sets contain differences in the international, symbol, and graphics characters above decimal code 128 (extended ASCII characters). n Note: The extended ASCII characters that are not on the keyboard (128 to 255 decimal) can be displayed at the MS-DOS prompt and in many applications. Press ALT, and type the ASCII decimal code for the character using the keys with numbers on their front face and also using FN or NUM LK on. Release the ALT key and the character is displayed on the screen. Your printer may or may not print the extended characters. Refer to the character code tables in your printer documentation. Character Sets B-1 Character Sets Character Sets Code Page 437, United States B-2 Character Sets Character Sets Code Page 850, Multilingual Character Sets B-3 Character Sets Code Page 863, Canadian-French B-4 Character Sets Character Sets Code Page 865, Nordic Character Sets B-5 C Keyboard Layouts Esc Set Up F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 & 7 % 1 2 A Caps Lock S Shift R X Ctrl T F D Z 6 5 E W Q Fn 4 3 8 U B 9 1 M N 6 O 2 K Prt Sc SysRq P Enter 3 L 0 0 Enter Enter Home Alt Alt Del Ins Pause Break 0 5 I NumLk Scr Lk ) 9 4 J F12 ( 8 H V F11 7 Y G C F10 F9 Shift End PgUp PgDn U.S. English Keyboard Esc Config F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 & 7 % 2 3 4 A Shift S 6 R Alt T F D X Z Ctrl 5 E W Q Fn F11 NumLk F12 Sc r Lk 1 Caps Lock F10 F9 C U H B 8 N I 1 M 5 K 0 Pause Ins Del Brea k ) 0 9 4 J 9 ( 8 Y G V 7 Prt Sc SysRq O 2 6 L P 3 Shift 0 Alt Gr Enter Home End PgUp PgDn U.K. English Keyboard Keyboard Layouts C-1 Keyboard Layouts Keyboard Layouts Esc Set Up F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 2 1 3 Q Shift S > 5 E W A Caps Lock 4 R X Z 7 B M N 6 O 2 K Prt Sc Scr Lk SysRq Pause Break Del Ins 0 5 I NumLk 9 ) 1 J F12 9 4 U H V C 8 8 Y G F11 ( 7 T F D F10 F9 & 6 % 1/2 F8 3 L 0 P Å Æ Enter Shift 0 < Ctrl Fn Home Alt Gr Alt End PgUp PgDn Danish Keyboard Echap Config 2 F1 F2 1 & F4 F3 F5 3 2 F6 4 F7 F8 6 5 7 A Z Q E S R D 8 7 F11 8 T F U H 4 J I 1 à 5 K Impr. Syst Pause Attn O 2 ) 6 L P 3 M Entrée ù > X W C V B N 0 0 < Fn Ctrl Alt French Keyboard C-2 Keyboard Layouts Ins 0 9 ç Y G Vr.Num Ar.Déf F12 9 è ( é F10 F9 Alt Gr Fin Suppr Keyboard Layouts Esc Konfig F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 & 6 % 1 2 3 2 A S > 5 E W Q 4 3 R D X Y 7 U H ) 1 M N Entf Einfg Untbr β 0 6 O 2 K Pause 9 5 I Druck S-Abf Num Roll F12 9 4 J B V C 8 8 Z G F11 ( 7 T F F10 F9 3 L 0 P U O Enter A 0 < Fn Strg Alt Ende Pos 1 Alt Gr Bild Bild German Keyboard Esc Config F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 3 2 4 E W Q A 5 S R D 7 8 U H I 1 X Z C V B N M 0 Canc Ins ì O 2 6 L é è P 3 ç ò > Pausa Interr 0 5 K Stamp R Sist 9 9 4 J B Num B Scor F12 ) 8 Y G F11 ( 7 T F F10 F9 & 6 % 1 F8 Invio à 0 ù < Fn Ctrl Alt Alt Gr Fine Pag Pag Italian Keyboard Keyboard Layouts C-3 Keyboard Layouts Esc Set Up F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 & 6 % 2 1 3 A Shift S > 5 E W Q Caps Lock 4 R X Z 7 U B F12 1 M N 6 O 2 K Prt Sc Scr Lk SysRq Pause Break Del Ins 0 5 I NumLk 9 ) 9 4 J H V C 8 8 Y G F11 ( 7 T F D F10 F9 P 3 L 0 Å Æ Enter Shift 0 < Ctrl Fn Home Alt Gr Alt End PgUp PgDn Norwegian Keyboard Esc Config a o F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 & 6 % 2 1 3 A 5 E W Q Bloq 4 S R 7 8 U 4 J H F12 I 1 Imp Pt B Desp Pet Sis 0 5 K B Num Pausa Inter Ins Supr 9 ) 9 8 Y G F11 ( 7 T F D F10 F9 O 2 ¡ 6 L P 3 N Mayús > X Z C V B N M 0 c 0 < Fn Ctrl Alt Alt Gr Inicio Fin RePág AvPág Spanish Keyboard C-4 Keyboard Layouts Keyboard Layouts Esc Set Up F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 & 6 % 1/2 2 1 3 A Shift S > 5 E W Q Caps Lock 4 R D X Z 7 U H Nu mL k Scr Lk F12 1 M N 6 O 2 K Pause Break SysRq Del Ins 0 5 I Prt Sc 9 ) 9 4 J B V C 8 8 Y G F11 ( 7 T F F10 F9 3 L 0 Å P Enter A O Shift 0 < Ctrl Fn Alt Home Alt Gr End PgUp PgDn Swedish/Finnish Keyboard Esc Set Up F1 F2 1 2 > F6 S ç % 5 7 8 ( U H B F11 4 J N F12 I 1 M 0 Prt Sc Scr Lk SysRq Pause Break Del Ins 0 5 K NumLk 9 ) 9 8 Z G V F10 F9 7 T F C F8 & 6 R D X Y F7 4 E W A Caps Lock F5 3 Q Shift F4 F3 O 2 6 L èü üè P 3 éö öé àä äà Enter Shift 0 < Fn Ctrl Alt Alt Gr Home End PgUp PgDn Swiss Keyboard Keyboard Layouts C-5 Keyboard Layouts Esc Set Up 2 F1 F2 F4 F3 2 1 & F5 3 F6 4 F8 F7 5 Z A E S Q F11 8 8 T F 9 4 U H 1 J Pause SysRq Bre a k Ins Del ) 6 O 2 K Prt Sc Scr Lk à 5 I Nu m L k 0 ç Y G F12 9 è R D 7 7 6 ( é F10 F9 P 3 L M Enter ù > X W B V C 0 N 0 < Ctrl Fn Home Alt Gr Alt End PgUp PgDn Belgium Keyboard Esc Set Up F1 F2 F4 F3 F5 F6 F7 3 Q > 5 E W A Caps Lock 4 S C 7 V U H B 8 4 J N F12 ) I 1 M 0 Prt Sc Scr Lk SysRq Pause Break Del Ins 0 5 K NumLk 9 9 8 Y G F11 ( 7 T F D X Z R F10 F9 & 6 % 2 1 F8 O 2 6 L P 3 c a o Enter 0 < Fn Ctrl Alt Alt Gr Home End PgUp PgDn Portuguese Keyboard C-6 Keyboard Layouts D Diagnostics Your computer provides two diagnostics routines to ensure that it and its peripherals are functioning properly. One routine is executed every time you turn on the computer. The other is accessed from a separate Diagnostics Program. Power-On Diagnostics When you turn on the computer, a self-test executes, checks internal memory, and displays the number of kilobytes available for use. Note: If Quick Boot is enabled, the memory is not displayed. After a few seconds, MS-DOS starts to load. If MS-DOS fails to load from the hard disk or a floppy, an error message appears. Turn off the computer, wait 5 seconds, and turn the computer on again. If the error message displays repeatedly, call your Texas Instruments dealer, or call TI Service at 1-800-TI-TEXAS. Diagnostics Program Diagnostics loads and displays its main menu. Use the cursor keys to highlight the test you want, and press ENTER to start the test. Note: For diagnostics on SCSI devices, refer to the Adaptec EZ-SCSI User’s Manual. For diagnostics on PCMCIA, refer to the Phoenix PCMCIA User’s Manual. Diagnostics D-1 Diagnostics Diag nostics Park Fixed Disks The Park Fixed Disk function prepares the fixed disks for relocation. The fixed disk heads are placed over the diagnostics cylinder so that vibrations do not cause errors on the usable media. The heads are also automatically parked for safe travel when you turn off the computer or the computer enters standby mode. Diagnostics If you select the Diagnostics Program, a warning and menu display. Press N to abort Diagnostics. Press Y to continue, and the Diagnostics menu displays. Each test listed indicates the hardware item and its configuration to be tested. Some items are listed only present (P) or not present (N), while others specify a hardware type. For example, KEYBOARD can be an 84-key keyboard, a 101-key keyboard, or not present (N). The floppy types are defined as they are in the Setup Program menu. The Diagnostics menu reflects the hardware configuration that the Diagnostics Program detects in your computer. The selection process overrides this automatic selection process or excludes specific tests from a complete suite of tests to be performed. Press the cursor keys to highlight an item you want to test or change, and press F5 and F6 to select new items in each field. You can test a single item by moving the highlight to a particular test and pressing F10. You must select something other than not present (N) or NONE. D-2 Diagnostics Diagnostics Pressing F9 tests all currently selected devices. If you do not want to perform specific tests, set these test selections to not present (N); this tells the Diagnostics Program not to test these items. When a single test or suite of tests is initiated, the Test Control Options and Test Results menu displays. On the left side of this menu is information relating to the test currently being performed. The right side of the menu contains the results of previously completed tests. Test Control Options The fields at the top of the menu represent options that control how tests are performed. These options must be set before a single test or suite of tests is initiated. Continuous Test — This field causes the tests to be performed continuously until you specifically stop them by pressing ESC. When you press ESC, you can continue again by pressing the Space Bar, or abort the suite of tests by again pressing ESC. If you select a single test using F10, the single test is repeated if the continuous test field is set to YES. If you select a suite of tests using F9, the entire suite is repeated. Stop On Error — If an error is detected during a suite of tests, the Diagnostics Program stops after the error is reported, depending on the status of this field. If set to YES (the default), the program reports the error and then stops testing until you press the Space Bar to continue or ESC to end testing. Echo to LPT1 — This field permits you to send the test results to a parallel printer attached to LPT1. The information written to the right side of the menu is echoed to LPT1 if this option is set to YES. This is useful if you set the Continuous Test field to YES, the Stop on Error field to NO, and want to run a test or tests unattended. Diagnostics D-3 Diagnostics Choosing Specific Suites of Tests Many of the tests have submenus that permit you to select which parts of the test you want. When you select any of these tests, either individually (using F10) or as part of suite of tests (using F9), the submenus ask for additional information. If the tests are run multiple times, the submenus are displayed only before the first pass. Each of the test submenus displays whether or not the test is interactive and whether or not it is destructive to data. Interactive tests require some user intervention to operate. For example, if you select the interactive keyboard test, you must press keys on the keyboard to verify that it is operating properly. In general, if you are performing continuous tests, you should not select any interactive tests, permitting the suite of tests to run unattended. The following component tests and their respective options can be selected. Keyboard Test Keyboard test (interactive) Controller test (non-interactive) Floppy Disk Test Seek tracks Verify tracks Disk change (interactive) Read/Write (destructive) Format (destructive) Fixed Disk Drive Test Controller test Head select test Seek test D-4 Diagnostics Diagnostics Monochrome Adapter Test Attribute test Character test Text test Memory test Color Graphics Adapter Test Attribute test Character test Text test Page test Graphics test Background test Memory test EGA Adapter Test Attribute test Character test Text test Page test Graphics test Background test Memory test VGA Adapter Test Attribute test Character test Text test Page test Graphics test Background test Memory test Parallel Port Test Internal loopback Printed pattern (requires connected printer) External loopback (requires loopback connector) Diagnostics D-5 Diagnostics Additional Diagnostics The Diagnostics Program hard disk tests are all nondestructive except on the diagnostics cylinder. The tests perform seek tests, head tests, and controller tests, but do not perform read/write tests on the entire media. Additional tests for the hard disk are contained in the hard disk format system, which is described later in this appendix. Sound Diagnostics To check Sound, select sound from the Windows Control Panel. Select Test to see if sound is on. Diagnostics Error Codes When an error is detected by the Diagnostics Program, a two-byte hexadecimal code is displayed. The first byte is the class of the error and the second byte is the subclass. The error code class generally corresponds to a specific hardware system or group of hardware systems. For example, class one (01) is used for the system planar board. The last byte of the code (subclass) describes the actual test that failed on the specified peripheral. For example, error 0108 indicates that the 8253 counter test failed during the system planar board test. D-6 Diagnostics Diagnostics The following table lists the classes of error codes. The numbers are in hexadecimal. Diagnostics Error Code Classes Code DESCription 01xx System planar board tests 07xx Keyboard tests 10xx Math coprocessor tests 17xx Video tests 20xx Asynchronous ports tests 27xx LPT ports tests 30xx Memory tests 37xx Diskette/FDisk tests The following table lists the error codes, by class and subclass, that could be displayed by the Diagnostics Program. Diagnostics Program Error Codes Code Class 0101 System board DMA registers 0102 System board DMA memory move 0103 System board Interrupt mask 0104 System board Hot interrupt line 0105 System board Stuck NMI 0106 System board Processor registers 0107 System board System timer Failure Description Diagnostics D-7 Diagnostics Diagnostics Program Error Codes (continued) Code Class 0108 System Board 8253 counters 0109 System Board System timer interrupts (1) 010A System Board System timer interrupts (2) 010B System Board Processor flags 0110 System Board CMOS memory 0111 System Board Real time clock 0120 System Board BIOS checksum 0701 Keyboard Controller 0702 Keyboard Keyboard map 1001 Coprocessor Registers 1002 Coprocessor Calculations 1701 Video Text attributes 1702 Video Background colors 1703 Video Character set 1704 Video Text page registration 1705 Video Text pages 1706 Video Graphics display 1707 Video EGA/VGA palette 1708 Video Memory 1709 Video VGA sequencer 170A Video VGA controller registers 170B Video VGA attribute controller 170C Video VGA DAC D-8 Diagnostics Failure DESCription Diagnostics Diagnostics Program Error Codes (continued) Code Class Failure DESCription 1730 Video Cannot initialize video 2001 Serial Baud rate clock 2002 Serial Internal loopback data 2003 Serial Internal loopback control 2004 Serial External loopback data 2701 LPT Registers read/write 2702 LPT Control loopback 2703 LPT Printed pattern 2704 LPT Printer not ready 2705 LPT Unknown error 2706 LPT No paper/paper jam 2707 LPT Printer timeout 2708 LPT Printer busy 3001 Memory Address lines 3002 Memory Data patterns 3003 Memory Walking bits 3701 Disk Invalid parameter 3702 Disk Address mark not found 3703 Disk Write protect error 3704 Disk Sector not found 3705 Disk Reset failed 3706 Disk Change line active 3707 Disk Drive parameter error Diagnostics D-9 Diagnostics Diagnostics Program Error Codes (concluded) Code Class 3708 Disk DMA overrun 3709 Disk Attempt to DMA across 64 KB 370A Disk Bad sector flag found 370B Disk Bad cylinder detected 370C Disk Media type not found 370D Disk Invalid format sectors count 370E Disk Control data mark detected 3710 Disk CRC or ECC error detected 3711 Disk EGC corrected error 3720 Disk General controller failure 3740 Disk Seek operation 3750 Disk Change line test 3780 Disk Drive not ready 37BB Disk Undefined error occurred 37CC Disk Write fault on selected drive 37E0 Disk Status error 37FF Disk Sense operation failed D-10 Diagnostics Failure DESCription Diagnostics Loopback Connections The serial and parallel communications tests in the Diagnostics Program offer optional loopback tests that require placing loopback connectors on the output ports of the computer. The loopback connector pin assignments are listed in the following tables. Loopback Connector Pin Assignments Serial Loopback Connections DB9 Pin Signal 1-7-8 CD-RTS-CTS 2-3 TX-RX 4-6 DTR-DSR Parallel Loopback Connections DB25 Pin Signal 15-2 D0-ERR 13-1 STRB-SLCT 16-10 INIT-ACK 17-11 SLCTIN-BUSY 14-12 AUTOFEED-PE Diagnostics D-11 Diagnostics Hard Disk Format When you select the Hard Disk Format, the program displays the Format Fixed Disk menu. Use the cursor keys to highlight the hard disk you want formatted or analyzed, and press ENTER. After you have selected a hard disk, the program displays a warning that the formatting operation will erase any data currently stored on the hard disk. If you do not intend to format or analyze your hard disk, press N; otherwise, press Y to continue, and the program displays a menu listing the drives, heads, and cylinders under test. Bad Track Table The center portion of the Format Fixed Disk menu displays the list of currently recorded bad tracks. This list is central to the processing of most of the format functions. Bad tracks are areas of the hard disk that cannot store data properly. A list of the bad tracks detected by the drive manufacturer is usually provided with the hard disk drive when it is purchased. Some of these areas may work intermittently, but are not dependable for storing data. The program formats these tracks with a special attribute so that other programs or commands (such as the MS-DOS FORMAT command) will not attempt to use bad areas on the disk. The bad track list is modified automatically by the SCAN BAD TRACKS command, the ANALYZE SURFACE command, and the FORMAT PREFORMATTED DRIVE command. Each of these functions adds to the list bad tracks they detect during their processing. D-12 Diagnostics Diagnostics To manually add a bad track to the table, press INS. Use the cursor keys or ENTER to select between cylinder and head fields. After the cylinder and head are entered, press F10 or ENTER, and the new entry will be added to the table. If an invalid head or cylinder value is entered, the program displays a menu permitting you to delete a bad track. To delete a bad track, use the cursor keys to highlight the bad track, and press Del. You are not prompted to verify the deletion, so use this function with care. To clear the bad track table, press F2; the program displays a warning message to be sure you want to continue. Press Y to clear all entries from the bad track table, or press N to abort. To print the bad track table, press F3 (be sure your printer is connected). You can search the disk for all existing bad tracks if the drive has already been formatted by selecting F5 (scan for bad tracks). This causes the program to quickly test each track on the hard disk to determine if it has already been formatted as bad. Each track found to be bad is added to the list if not already there. Setting Interleave Press F4 to set the interleave, which is the value used by the format operation to interleave the hard disk tracks. When setting interleave manually, always use a value of 1, the default. The interleave setting is the value used to format, not necessarily the current value for your hard disk. Diagnostics D-13 Diagnostics Analyzing the Hard Disk Surface If you do not need to reformat the entire hard disk but want to perform a thorough test of the media to detect any bad or marginal areas, select F6 to analyze the surface. Caution: This performs a destructive analysis of the hard disk media (all data on the hard disk will be erased). Any bad tracks found during the analysis are automatically added to the bad track table. As bad tracks are found, they are reformatted as bad so that a subsequent MS-DOS operation does not attempt to use these areas on the disk. Formatting a New Hard Disk After installing a new hard disk, you should enter the bad track information provided by the manufacturer into the bad track table (see above). Then press F7. This option, specifically for formatting a hard disk that was previously unformatted—performs the following operations: ❑ Each track of the hard disk is reformatted using the current interleave value. ❑ Each track in the bad track table is reformatted as bad so that it cannot be used. When the format operation is complete, run a surface analysis to verify that no additional bad tracks are found. Reformatting a Hard Disk If your hard disk was previously formatted, press F8 to automatically reformat. This causes the following operations: D-14 Diagnostics Diagnostics ❑ The program scans the drive for tracks that have already been marked as bad and adds them to the bad track table. ❑ Each track is reformatted using the current interleave value. ❑ Each track in the bad track table is reformatted as bad so that it cannot be used. ❑ The program performs a surface analysis on the media, reformats any additional bad tracks as bad, and adds them to the list. Using this option is equivalent to performing a SCAN FOR BAD TRACKS command (F5), followed by a FORMAT UNFORMATTED DRIVE command (F7), followed by an ANALYZE HARD DISK operation (F6). The only differences are that all three operations are done automatically, and the surface analysis performed is not as thorough or as time-consuming as that performed when you select F6. If the bad track table from the manufacturer is available when the reformat of the drive is done, enter that map before this operation is performed. This ensures that all tracks in that list are reformatted as bad regardless of whether or not they are found by the SCAN FOR BAD TRACKS operation. After Formatting is Complete The HARD DISK FORMAT commands perform low-level formatting operations on hard disks. After these operations are complete, insert the MS-DOS Disk 1 floppy into the floppy drive, and reboot the computer. Follow the instructions displayed to install MS-DOS and utilities. If you are using another operating system, see its documentation for formatting and installation instructions. Diagnostics D-15 E Power Consumption Values The following table summarizes approximate power consumption using various computer power-saving features, manual and automatic. Power Consumption by Operating Mode Typical Power Consumption Operating Mode Manual Standby* with DOS background tasks 4.0 – 6.0 watts Manual Standby* with no background tasks 2.0 – 4.0 watts Auto Suspend† with DOS background tasks 3.5 – 6.0 watts Auto Suspend† with Windows background tasks 2.5 – 5.0 watts Auto Suspend† without background tasks 2.0 – 3.5 watts Cover Closed Suspend mode 2.0 – 3.2 watts Operation with hard disk access‡ 7.5 – 12.5 watts Operation with no hard disk access‡ 7.0 – 9.0 watts Operation with LCD off 3.5 – 6.5 watts 0.5 watts Setup Program LCD Power set to Low LCD brightness, minimum to maximum 1.5 – 3.5 watts Typical full-charge battery capacity 32.4 watts Maximum power consumption, all options 20.5 watts *Press STANDBY to enter Standby mode. †Select Auto Suspend in the Setup Program’s Power Savings category. ‡Add 3 to 3.5 watts if BatteryPro is not activated (level 0). Power Consumption Values E-1 F Configuring Memory This appendix describes the various areas of RAM and how you can make it more efficient by configuring it with the memory management device drivers supplied with your computer. Configuring Memory F-1 Memory Areas Memory Area s MS-DOS directly accesses up to 640 KB of RAM for the execution of programs and commands and for storing temporary data. MS-DOS cannot directly access memory beyond this 640-KB limit. The amount of standard default RAM (640 KB) in the computer is displayed on the Setup Program menu as Standard (Memory), and it can be changed in 64-KB increments if required by your application. The following memory map shows the available memory and how MS-DOS uses it. F-2 Configuring Memory Memory Areas Extended Memory Extended memory is internal system RAM above 1024 KB. MS-DOS or your applications (that support extended memory) can access Extended memory if your system is configured with an extended memory driver (XMS). Extended memory drivers manage the extended memory ensuring that two programs do not use the same part of memory. The enhanced mode of MS Windows uses extended memory to multitask applications. MS-DOS includes the HIMEM.SYS extended memory driver. HIMEM.SYS is defined in your CONFIG.SYS file where it is automatically loaded each time you boot the system. HIMEM.SYS also enables MS-DOS programs to use an extra 64-KB region located just above the 1-MB mark for storage of code and data. This area is known as high memory area (HMA). n Note: MS-DOS can also be loaded in HMA to free up conventional memory. Refer to your MS-DOS User’s Manual for instructions. n Note: Some application programs that run in 386 enhanced mode (such as Windows) require special extended memory managers. Use the extended memory manager provided with your application, if available. Otherwise, use HIMEM.SYS, the MS-DOS version furnished with your computer. You can define part of extended memory as one or more RAM disks using the RAMDRIVE.SYS device driver. Details are provided in the next section. Configuring Memory F-3 Memory Areas Expanded Memory Expanded memory conforms to the Expanded Memory Specification (EMS) developed by Lotus/Intel/Microsoft (LIM) known as LIM-EMS. Your computer supports EMS version 4.0. Expanded memory is accessed by allocating an area (usually 64 KB) of system memory between 640 KB and 1 MB (and between 256 KB and 640 KB when the /O option is used) as a “window.” Pages or segments of data are passed to and from Expanded memory through this window, which is called the page frame. The page frame is divided into at least four physical pages of 16 KB each. The total amount of internal memory above 640 KB can be assigned to either Extended memory (XMS) or Expanded memory (EMS), depending on your requirements and which driver is installed. n Note: MS Windows can use both XMS and EMS in 386 Enhanced mode when properly configured. Refer to your Windows User’s Guide for details and instructions. The Expanded Memory Manager included with MS-DOS (EMM386.EXE) manages the interface between the program and Expanded memory, bringing data in and out through the page frame as required. Before you can use Expanded memory, you must install the EMM386.EXE device driver as described in the next section, “Memory Device Drivers.” You need not install the Expanded memory driver if your application does not support Expanded memory. F-4 Configuring Memory Memory Device Drivers Memory Device Drivers The following device drivers included in the C:\ directory are provided to manage memory: ❑ HIMEM.SYS — An extended memory manager that supervises the computer’s Extended memory so that no two applications use the same memory at the same time ❑ EMM386.EXE — Supports LIM-EMS Expanded memory ❑ RAMDRIVE.SYS — Supports RAM disks in standard, Extended, and Expanded memory ❑ SMARTDRV.EXE — For use with a hard disk and Extended or Expanded memory that supports disk-caching to speed up reading from the hard disk. Installing Device Drivers To install a driver, add a DEVICE command line to your CONFIG.SYS file similar to the following, using the MS-DOS EDIT utility or a word processor that saves text files in ASCII format: DEVICE=C:\DOS\XXXXXXXX.XXX [options] Where XXXXXXXX.XXX is the name of the device driver, for example, HIMEM.SYS. You must then restart the computer to load the new CONFIG.SYS settings and activate the driver(s). Configuring Memory F-5 Memory Device Drivers EMM386.EXE The EMS memory manager provided with your computer, EMM386.EXE, conforms to version 4.00 of the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Specification (EMS). EMM386.EXE enables areas of system memory to be used as Expanded memory. The EMM386.EXE device driver must be installed before you can use Expanded memory. To install EMM386.EXE in its simplest form, include the following command line in your CONFIG.SYS file before any other DEVICE commands that use Expanded memory (for example, RAMDRIVE.SYS) but after the HIMEM.SYS command line. This allows other device drivers to use the memory manager. DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE [options] Parameters (also called switches or options) for the EMM386.EXE driver are described in the Microsoft Windows User’s Guide furnished with your new computer. After it loads, the memory manager determines the amount of Expanded memory in the system and performs any required initialization. n Note: The 386 enhanced mode of Microsoft Windows allows you to simulate part of extended memory as expanded memory using the EMM386.EXE device driver. However, this is not recommended as it degrades system performance. MS-DOS also uses EMM386.EXE to enable Upper Memory Area (UMA). This allows you to load TSR programs and device drivers in this area to free up conventional memory. Again, this may degrade performance. Refer to your Microsoft Windows User’s Guide or your MS-DOS User’s Guide for details. F-6 Configuring Memory Memory Device Drivers Some applications may require “backfill” memory, which is the unused area of standard memory that can be used by EMM386.EXE as Expanded memory. For example, an application may require only 256 KB or 512 KB of standard memory, leaving 384 KB and 128 KB of backfill memory space, respectively, for use as Expanded memory. The Shadow ROM memory that you define with the Setup Program enables mapping the internal system BIOS, Video BIOS, and option BIOS into high-speed memory for faster operation. When not selected, the shadow memory is available for use as Extended memory. The shadow memory area is limited to 384 KB. Your computer provides 4 MB of RAM (main memory) standard. The first MB (1024 KB) of the standard 4 MB is the system base memory (640 KB) and shadow memory (384 KB) and cannot be increased beyond 1024 KB. You can optionally add 4 MB or 16 MB of memory to use as Extended and/or Expanded memory. This added memory when combined with the remaining standard 3 MB (4 MB 1024 KB) of system memory (not used for base or shadow memory) provides either 7 MB or 19 MB, respectively, of Extended or Expanded memory. See the Microsoft MS-DOS User’s Guide and Reference for detailed instructions on installing and configuring expanded memory. HIMEM.SYS HIMEM.SYS is an eXtended Memory Manager (XMM) conforming to eXtended Memory Specifications (XMS), version 3.04. HIMEM.SYS uses 64 KB of the high-memory area (HMA) at the beginning of Extended memory to store a single TSR program or device driver, or it uses this area for data storage. This effectively increases the size of standard memory for use by your main application. Configuring Memory F-7 Memory Device Drivers To install HIMEM.SYS in its simplest form, include the following command line in your CONFIG.SYS file before any other device commands that use Extended memory: DEVICE=C:\WINDOWS\HIMEM.SYS In this form, HIMEM.SYS uses default values. Access to HMA is on a “first-come-first-served” basis. RAMDRIVE.SYS A RAM disk is a portion of your computer’s memory configured to simulate a disk drive. A RAM disk, also called a virtual disk, can be accessed much faster than a normal drive. You lose the data stored on a RAM disk when you turn the computer power off. Therefore, to save the contents of a RAM disk, copy the contents of the RAM disk to a floppy or to the hard drive before turning off power. You can copy files using the included Laptop File Manager utility or the MS-DOS COPY command, or you can set up a batch file to do it automatically. Unlike a normal disk, a RAM disk does not require formatting before use. To set up a RAM disk, include the following line in your CONFIG.SYS file: DEVICE=C:\DOS\RAMDRIVE.SYS [size] Specify the size in kilobytes. The minimum size is 16 KB, and the default value is 64 KB. Several other options are available for setting up a RAM disk. Refer to your BatteryPro & Productivity Software User’s Manual for details. The RAM disk is given the drive letter that follows the last drive letter being used by your system. For example: F-8 Configuring Memory Memory Device Drivers ❑ If your hard drive is configured as drive C, the RAM disk is drive D. ❑ If your hard drive is drive C and your hard drive is drive D, the RAM disk is drive E. SMARTDRV SMARTDRV is a disk-caching program that reduces the time it takes your computer to read data from the hard disk. When SMARTDRV is installed, information from the hard disk is temporarily stored in a cache in Extended or Expanded memory. When needed, the data can be accessed by the processor directly from the cache memory. The data on the hard disk is updated automatically to reflect the changes in the data stored in the cache. Installing SMARTDRV .SYS To install SMARTDRV.SYS in its simplest form, include the following command line in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file: C:\WINDOWS\SMARTDRV.EXE In this form, a 256-KB cache will be set up in Extended memory. If you need to specify a particular size for the cache, or if you want the cache to be in Expanded memory, refer to your MS-DOS and Windows manuals. Configuring Memory F-9 G Connector Pin Assignments 1 RS-232C Connector 5 6 9 Nine-Pin RS-232C Serial Connector (Female IBM-AT) Pin No. Signal Name Abbreviation Direction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Carrier detect Receive data Transmit data Data terminal ready Signal ground Data set ready Request to send Clear to send Ring indicator CD RD TD DTR SG DSR RTS CTS RI Input Input Output Output Input Output Input Input Parallel Connector 25-Pin Parallel Printer Connector Pin No. Signal Name 1 Strobe 2 Data 0 3 Data 1 4 Data 2 5 Data 3 6 Data 4 7 Data 5 8 Data 6 9 Data 7 10 Acknowledge* 11 Busy 12 Paper Out 13 Select 14 Auto Linefeed* 15 Error* 16 Initialize printer* 17 Select input* 18-25 Ground *Note: Active Low Abbreviation Direction STROBE– DATA0 DATA1 DATA2 DATA3 DATA4 DATA5 DATA6 DATA7 ACK– BUSY PE SLCT AUTO FEED– PERROR– INIT– SLCT IN– GND Output Output Output Output Output Output Output Output Output Input Input Input Input Output Input Output Output Connector Pin Assignments G-1 Connector Pin Assignments Connector Pin Assig nment s 15-Pin VGA External Monitor Connector Pin No. Signal Name Direction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Red video Green video Blue video Not used Ground Red return Green return Blue return Not used Ground Not used Not used Horizontal sync Vertical sync Not used Output Output Output Input Input Input Output Output Note: Monochrome monitors use green video for all video input and ignore red and blue video. Six-Pin Mini-Din PS/2 Mouse or PS/2 Keyboard Connector Pin No. Signal Name Abbreviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 Data Not used Ground +5 volts clock Not used DATA G-2 Connector Pin Assignments GND VCC CLK Connector Pin Assignments 15-Pin Micro MIDI/Joy Connector Pin Number Signal Name 1, 8, 9, 15 2 3 4, 5, 12 6 7 10 11 13 14 VCC DC4 TMRD GND TMRC D5 D6 TMRB TMRA D7 9-Pin Serial Port Connector Pin Signal Name Abbreviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Carrier Detect Receive Data Transmit Data Data Terminal Ready Ground Data Set Ready Request to Send Clear to Send Ring Indicator DCD RXD TXD DTR GND DSR RTS CTS RI Connector Pin Assignments G-3 H Screen Standards This appendix summarizes the screen standards supported by your computer’s internal display adapter. VGA (Video Graphics Array) The VGA standard supports 640-by-480 pixel monochrome or 16 of 64 color graphics and 320-by-200 pixel 256-color graphics. The VGA standard uses an 8-by-16 pixel character box for text display. Your computer’s LCD supports VGA by displaying text in an 80-column by 25-line text display with 16 shades of gray (selectable from 64 shades) in an 8-by-16 pixel character box in a 640-by-400 pixel area centered on the display. Your computer also supports color graphics by displaying colors as 64 shades of gray in two modes: Resolution: 320-by-200 pixels with 256 shades of gray mapped into 64 shades One pixel is converted to a 2 × 2 cell Display area: 640 × 400 Resolution: 640-by-480 with 64 shades of gray One pixel is displayed as a 1 × 1 cell Display area: 640 × 480 Screen Standards H-1 Screen Standards Screen Sta nda rds External Monitor Support Your computer supports all IBM standard VGA video in addition to 640 x 480, 800-by-600, 1024 x 768, and 1280 x 1024 extended graphics modes on an external monitor. Many extended text modes are also supported. n Note: Operating the LCD in high-resolution modes (800 x 600, 1024 x 768, or 1280 x 1024) or operating the computer in SimulScan mode requires the computer to use more power than the Battery Pack can supply; use the AC Adapter to supply the additional power required. c Caution: Do not operate the LCD in SimulScan mode with a low battery. Damage to the LCD may occur. H-2 Screen Standards Screen Standards Extended Modes Supported The following table lists the supported extended modes. Extended Modes Mode (hex) Colors Graphics Text Resolution Resolution (Char x Row) 2e 256/256K 640x480 30 256/256K 800x600 37 16/256K 1024x768 52 16/256K 54 16/256K 64,6a 16/256K 800x600 6Ci 16/256K 1280x 1024 132x60 132x25 160x64 DotClk MHz Horizontal Frequency Vertical Frequency Notes 25 40 44.9 40 40 40 65 31.5 37.8 35.5 31.5 31.5 37.8 48 60 60 87 60 60 53 87 1,4,5 2,5 2,3,5,7 1,5 1,5 2,6 Notes: 1. All PS/2 compatible monitors supporting horizontal sync frequency of 31.5 KHz 2. All Multisync type monitors supporting variable horizontal sync frequencies ranging from 25.9 KHz to 37.8 KHz 3. Interlaced mode 4. This mode is supported on the LCD, showing 64 gray shades. Simultaneous LCD and CRT display is supported with the LCD showing 16 gray shades. 5. The extended modes require special software drivers to function correctly. Your computer comes with an extensive selection of software drivers. Execute INSTALL on the extended VGA drivers diskette to see information on loading these drivers. Some applications come with extended mode support. If so, select the computer or Cirrus Logic driver provided by the application. 6. This is Super VGA compatible mode (SVGA). If SVGA is supported by the application, this is the mode it will use. Super VGA modes, or other modes identified as needing a multisync type monitor, do not work with fixed-frequency monitors. Examples of fixed-frequency monitors are IBM PS/2, 8503, 8512, 8613, and 8514. 7. Supported only with systems containing 1 MB of video memory Screen Standards H-3 I Creating Help Displays You can custom design your own Help displays to show information for your own programs or off-the-shelf applications. You also can add subjects and related descriptions to the HELP.DAT file created at the factory. Use an ASCII word processor or editor (such as the MS-DOS Edit utility) to create and edit the HELP.DAT files or an editor that creates or “exports” files in ASCII format. Rules for Creating Help Files Use the following rules to create your own help files. ❏ : : HELP — must always be the first line in the file, with the first colon in column 0 ❏ : T — precedes the main title for the help display ❏ : C X BF — precedes the colors used for the help menus, where X selects one of the following menus to assign a color: 1 2 3 4 5 6 = = = = = = main menu subject name box subject description box error message menu help menu print menu Creating Help Displays I-1 Creating Help Displays Creating Help Displays and BF selects the menu color, using B for background color and F for foreground color in hexadecimal. Colors are defined as follows: 0 = black 1 = blue 2 = green 3 = cyan 4 = red 5 = magenta 6 = brown 7 = light gray (white) 8 = dark gray 9 = light blue a = light green b = light cyan c = light red d = light magenta e = yellow f = bright white For example, the string : C 1 97 sets the main menu (1) background to light blue (9h) and the foreground to light gray (7h). You must start each menu color selection on a new line. ❏ : P — precedes the subject name that appears in the left subject name box. You can use up to 12 characters. Data you enter on the lines below the : P line make up the description that appears in the right subject description box. You can enter any number of data lines for the description box. The description box terminates with a : (colon) in column 0 to start another command or an EOF character. I-2 Creating Help Displays Creating Help Displays ❏ ; — (semicolon) in column 0 precedes a comment line, which is ignored by the program. You can insert any number of comment lines for your own information; comment lines are not displayed in the Help screens. You also can use the ; (semicolon) character anywhere on a menu color line after the :C X Y characters when preceded by a space character; for example, : C 1 0f ; this is a sample color comment line. Column length of the subject name box is 13 characters maximum; the description box is 52 characters maximum. Sample Help File The following figure shows a sample help subject entry, with comment lines explaining the command lines. Creating Help Displays I-3 Creating Help Displays ::HELP ;————————————————————————— ; the line above must be the first line in the file ;————————————————————————— ; the following line is the Help menu main title ;———————————————————————:T My Help Display, Version 1.0 ;————————————————————————; the following three lines set the colors for the main menu ; and the subject and description boxes ;————————————————————————:C 1 0f ; sets main menu to bright white on black :C 2 f0 ; sets subject box to black on bright white :C 3 87 ; sets description box to dk gray on lt gray ;—————————————————————————; you can insert a character counter like the following to ; help you keep lines for the description box to the 52; character maximum —————————————————————————— ; 10 20 30 40 50 ;1234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012 ;—————————————————————————— ; the following lines list the subject box entry ; and the ; description box entry; the subject name is limited to 13 ; characters and the description box is 52 characters ; maximum ;—————————————————————————:PSubject Name The words “Subject Name” will appear in the left-hand subject name box on the displayed Help menu and this explanation, whose first line is indented three characters, will appear in the right-hand subject description box. If more than one page is required to complete the description, the program will automatically adjust for additional pages. ;—————————————————————————; the following lines are additional entries in the Help file ;—————————————————————————:PEntry No. 2 Entry number 2 will display next on the Help display. :PEntry No. 3 Entry number 3 will display next on the Help display. :PEtc. Etc. ;—————————————————————————; the end-of-file command depends on your word ; processor or editor; no particular command is ; necessary ;—————————————————————————— I-4 Creating Help Displays Creating Help Displays Naming Your Help File You can give your help display data file any name and extension you want—except HELP.DAT which is already in use in the UTILS directory. For example, you could name your Help display data file MYFILE.HLP. Then when you want to load your Help display, at the MS-DOS C:\> prompt type HELP MYFILE.HLP and press ENTER. If you type only HELP, without specifying a data file, the program searches first for the default data file HELP.DAT in the current directory; then it searches through all directories specified in the PATH environment variable defined in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. The program uses the same search technique if you type only a filename. If you type a filename preceded by a \ (backslash), which creates a pathname, the program searches only for the file specified by the pathname. Adding Subjects to Existing Help Displays You can add subjects and descriptions to the existing HELP.DAT file, stored under the UTILS directory on the hard disk (drive C). Use your word processor or file editor to insert new subjects and descriptions anywhere in the file, following the rules outlined previously in this appendix. Note: Be sure to save the file back to disk in ASCII format, not your word processor’s particular format. Creating Help Displays I-5 Glossary This glossary explains many of the terms found in this manual as well as other computer-related terms. access — The ability to obtain data from or place data into internal memory, a floppy, or the hard drive. access shutter — A metal cover on a floppy that slides open to allow the computer to read or write data. adapter — A device that connects an option to the computer. application program — A program that instructs the operating system to perform specific tasks by using either off-the-shelf routines, such as word-processing, or programming languages such as BASIC that allow you to design your own programs. archiving — The process of storing back-up copies of data files in a specific location. ASCII — An acronym for the American Standard Code for Information Interchange; an agreed-upon standard for the assignment of numeric values to letters, digits, punctuation marks, and control codes. The computer processes only numbers even though characters, letters, and graphic symbols appear on the screen. The ASCII list is a set of numeric values for the most frequently used characters. The computer converts these numeric values to their binary equivalents. asynchronous communications software — The software used to communicate with a subscription information service, send or receive electronic mail, or process data using a remote computer. Glossary 1 Glossary Glossary backlight — A feature that allows you to control background brightness for better readability. backing up — Duplicating a program or file onto a separate storage medium so that a copy will be preserved against possible loss or damage to the original. backup — A duplicate copy of information or programs; usually stored on a diskette and kept in a separate location in case the original is lost or damaged. BASIC — An acronym for Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code; a programming language widely used because many of its commands resemble everyday language. battery, battery pack — An electrical power storage device that can be installed in, or affixed to, your computer to provide electrical power. baud — A signal element change per second. If a signal element change has only one bit, baud equals bits per second. binary — A system of numbering that uses patterns of only zero’s and one’s. Each item of information, whether a letter, graphic symbol, or an instruction, is converted to a binary number before it is processed by your computer. BIOS — An acronym for Basic Input-Output System; instructions stored in read-only memory (ROM) at the factory that check hardware components and load the computer operating system (MS-DOS, for example) into the computer when you boot it. bit — A binary digit (0 or 1); the smallest unit of information used by your computer. 2 Glossary Glossary bits per second — The speed at which your computer receives or sends data to a device such as a modem or serial printer. boot — To start your computer; also called start-up and power-up. bps — See bits per second. brightness control — A control that allows you to adjust the brightness of the display. buffer — A portion of the computer’s memory that temporarily holds information used by a program; for example, the portion of a document you are working on while using a word processor. bug — An error in the hardware or software of your computer that causes an operation to perform incorrectly. byte — A grouping of eight binary digits (bits) that your computer treats as one unit; usually represents one character. cache — A software device that accumulates copies of recently used disk sectors in RAM. The application program can then read these copies without accessing the disk, thereby increasing performance. central processing unit (CPU) — The electronic circuits in your computer where most processing of information takes place. Glossary 3 Glossary character — One of a set of symbols, such as letters, numerals, or punctuation marks, that can express information when collectively arranged. Although these symbols are intelligible to humans, they are not understood by your computer. For this reason, standardized character codes consisting of groups of binary digits have been developed to allow characters to be processed by computers. In most cases, a character is represented by 8 bits or 1 byte. character set — A system of codes, such as ASCII, that assigns a special standardized group of binary digits to each character. clock — A timing device that coordinates all internal events in your computer. CMOS — An acronym for Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor; a large-scale integration technology that requires low-power consumption and is, therefore, used for battery-assisted memory systems. command — The portion of a computer instruction that specifies what operation is to be performed. communications — The electronic transfer of information between computers or between a terminal and a computer. An example is sending a data file to another computer by using telephone lines and a modem. compiler — A program that translates a language, such as BASIC, into a language your computer can understand. A compiler translates the entire program just once. 4 Glossary Glossary computer — A combination of a central processing unit (CPU) and memory designed to process information. Although a combination of the central processing unit and memory is defined as a computer, an input device (such as a keyboard) and an output device (such as a display unit) are required to make the computer useful. configure — To adapt software so that it sends the correct control codes to external devices such as printers. Also called customize and set up. connector — A coupling device that allows your computer to communicate with an external hardware device such as a printer or another computer. contrast control — A control that allows you to adjust how data shows up against the background of the display screen. control code — A code that initiates some kind of physical control action that is not printed (such as line feed and tab), turns off an external device, or, in combination with other characters, defines unique commands (for example, pressing the Ctrl and C keys might tell the computer to abort a program); a numeric value that instructs the computer or an external device to perform a specific instruction. controller — The electronic circuitry that allows communication between the computer unit and an external device. conventional memory — Internal RAM up to 640 KB, accessed by MS-DOS directly; also called main memory and RAM. coprocessor — An auxiliary processing unit designed to speed up the processing of certain types of information. Glossary 5 Glossary CPU — See central processing unit. CRT — Abbreviation for cathode ray tube, a common term for a television-like computer monitor. CRT adapter — A hardware option that allows you to use a CRT with your computer. cursor — A special graphic character on the screen (usually a block or underline shape, sometimes blinking) that indicates the next position at which a character will be entered or deleted from the keyboard. customize — See configure. data — Information entered into your computer and then processed by mathematical and logical operations so that, ultimately, it can be output in a sensible form. It usually consists of numerals, letters, or symbols that describe an object, idea, condition, relationship, or other information. data base — A collection of related information; usually a large number of data files stored in one or more storage media. data file — A grouping of information with common descriptive attributes. For example, a customer data file might consist of basic customer information. Each file might represent one customer. data processing — The input, storage, manipulation, and dissemination of information using sequences of mathematical and logical operations. default value — A value that your computer assumes as a response to a prompt, unless instructed otherwise. 6 Glossary Glossary device driver — The small programs used to control external devices or to run other programs. A device driver directs production, manipulation, and presentation of appropriate signals by the computer so that the external device will perform as required. diagnostics programs — The programs that test the components of your computer to verify proper operation or to diagnose problems. directory — The list of all files, which itself is a file, on your computer storage medium for easy reference. disk controller — A device that controls how information is transferred between the system unit and the hard disk or floppies. disk drive — A device that rotates magnetic media and accesses data by means of a read/write head. diskette — See floppy. DOS — The disk operating system, programs that act as translator between you and your computer; also see operating system. expanded memory — The memory that utilizes an area of the computer memory as a window, through which pages of data are “passed.” expansion bus connector — A coupling device that connects an external device to your computer. extended memory — The internal RAM above the 1,024 KB of conventional memory. Glossary 7 Glossary external commands — The utility programs of an operating system (for example, MS-DOS) that enable you to perform occasional operations such as copying an entire floppy or partitioning a hard drive. external devices — The devices, usually for input and output, connected to your computer to increase its capability and usefulness. Examples include printers and modems. file — A group of organized data assembled for one particular purpose, considered as one unit, and stored in permanent offline storage, such as a drive or tape. filename — A name that distinguishes one file from another; may consist of alphabetical characters, numeric characters, or a combination of both. firmware — The software that is built into the hardware of a computer and controls the functions of the hardware. fixed drive — See hard drive. floppy — A flexible, flat, circular medium that magnetically records and provides access to stored data. It is divided into concentric circular tracks and wedge-shaped sectors. The diskette is sealed in a protective square envelope that is lined with a soft material that cleans as the diskette rotates. The cover has several openings and notches to accommodate the drive. formatting — The preparation of various types of magnetic media to accept data. For example, before you can use floppies, track and sector information must be set for the controller. After the floppy is formatted, it can be used for normal input-output and retrieval operations. 8 Glossary Glossary function keys — The keys that perform editing functions in MS-DOS and have application-defined functions at other times. graphics — Visual patterns displayed on the screen or produced on a printer; usually formed by patterns of dots. hard drive — A combination of a drive mechanism and permanently sealed storage medium; capable of storing large amounts of information. hardware — The physical components of a computer: central processing unit, internal memory, drives, printer, display unit, option boards, external devices, etc. Contrast with software. hardware options — Any of several devices that can make your computer more efficient and powerful. head — A small electromagnetic device that reads, records, and erases data on a magnetic storage medium, such as a drive or tape. Also called a read-write head. hexadecimal — A numbering system that consists of 16 symbols, 0 to 9 and A to F; used by programmers as a convenient method of expressing binary values. input — Information that enters the computer. input/output — An operation that transfers information from the central processing unit to a device or from a device to the central processing unit. An example is storing and retrieving information with a floppy. integrated circuit — A microscopic grouping of electronic components and their connections mounted on a small chip of material, usually silicon. Glossary 9 Glossary internal commands — The core program of the operating system (for example, MS-DOS) that consists of commands necessary for day-to-day operations, such as copying files. internal memory — A temporary storage area for information (programs and data) in binary form. KB — An abbreviation for 1,024 bytes; used to designate the memory capacity of a computer or the storage capacity of a storage device. keyboard — A device, similar to a typewriter keyboard, that allows you to communicate with your computer. kilobyte — 1,024 bytes, abbreviated KB. LCD — See liquid crystal display. liquid crystal display (LCD)— A display made of material, that reflects or transmits changes when an electric field is applied. load — To copy information from a storage device, such as a floppy or a hard drive, into internal memory of the computer. Also called download. loop — A series of instructions or one instruction in a program that is repeated a prescribed number of times, followed by a branch instruction that exits the program from the loop. main directory — The primary directory of a diskette or a hard drive. Also called a root directory. MB — An abbreviation for megabyte; used to designate the memory capacity of a computer or the storage capacity of a storage device. megabyte — 1,024 kilobytes. 10 Glossary Glossary microprocessor — A central processing unit assembled on a single silicon integrated-circuit chip. modem — A device, separate from or installed in your computer, that allows it to use telephone lines to communicate with other devices such as computers. monitor — A view screen to which a computer sends graphics or text data you can see. mouse — A device, manipulated by hand, that moves a cursor or pointer in the same direction as the movement created when the mouse is moved. multi media — The combination of sound, graphics, animation, and/or text. multitasking — The concurrent execution of two or more programs. multiuser system — A system in which the computer and other external devices are shared in any one of several arrangements by several people. operating system — A set of programs that control the operation of the computer. Typically, the operating system regulates space allocation, keeps track of files, saves and retrieves files, and manages other control functions associated with data storage. Also see DOS. partitioning — Dividing a hard disk into work areas, usually approximately 20 MB in size, to accommodate the working capacity of the operating system. Glossary 11 Glossary path, pathname — A sequence of directory names, usually ending in a filename, all separated by backslashes (\), to tell your computer where to find particular subdirectories and files. port — An input/output connection between external devices and the computer. The port has both male and female connectors that contain a specific number of pins. processing — The calculating, sorting, storing, and retrieving of information. program — A list of instructions that tells your computer how to perform a specific task. program file — A program stored on a storage medium such as a floppy or hard disk. programming language — A set of words, abbreviations, or symbols that are converted into the binary numbers and that represent instructions to the computer. Programming languages enable programmers to write instructions using words or symbols and avoid the time-consuming task of entering the long string of 0s and 1s that represent the numeric language of the computer. A programmer can use any one of several different programming languages designed for a particular computer. Some programming languages have more than one version (for example, MS-BASIC and GW-BASIC). RAM — See random access memory. 12 Glossary Glossary random-access memory (RAM) — A type of internal memory used for the temporary storage of information. The contents of RAM can be altered, allowing information stored there to be processed. Unlike read-only memory, information in RAM is usually lost when power is turned off. For this reason, information in RAM must be saved on a storage device before the computer is turned off. Also called main memory and system memory. read — To access information from a storage device. read-only memory (ROM) — A type of internal memory that contains permanent instructions for your computer. The contents of ROM cannot be altered. For this reason, essential instructions are permanently stored in ROM. These instructions, such as those that execute the self-test, are not lost when the computer is turned off. resolution — The contrast between the display and the background on a screen. ROM — See read-only memory. self-test — An automatic check the computer performs every time it is turned on. set up — See configure. software — Computer programs, usually supplied on floppies or on ROM. Contrast with hardware. system board — An internal circuit board that holds the integrated circuits for the microprocessor, memory, and clock in your computer. working copy — A copy of a floppy that is used in day-to-day operations while the original is kept in storage. This term also can mean a floppy that has both an operating system and an application on it. Glossary 13 Glossary working directory — The default directory used by an application when it first is loaded onto the hard drive. write — To record information on a storage device. write-protect tab — A switch on a floppy drive that prevents recording of data over existing data. 14 Glossary Index A AC adapter, 11-9, 12-18 Alarms Walarms, 3-6 utility, 9-2 applications, installing, 2-2 audio input, 12-11 output, 12-12 autoexec.bat file, 2-4 B backup diskettes, 1-4 balance, 12-13 battery alarm, 1-23 external charger, 11-2, 11-4, 12-19 LED, 12-14 level, 3-4 pack, 11-2, 11-4, 12-19 release, 12-14 saving techniques 3-5, 5-2 BatteryPro APM, 3-4 utility, 2-18 baud rate, 1-10 C CD assigning a title, 10-9 ejecting, 12-13 entering track titles, 10-10 playing, 10-9 CD-ROM drive specifications, A-2 cache disk, 5-11 internal, 1-24 caps lock, 1-12 carrying case, 11-2, 11-11 Change Cursor configure menu, 3-18 menu, 3-14 menu bar, 3-17 file menu, 3-17 selection, 3-14 utility, 3-14 character repeat rate, 9-10 repeat delay, 9-10 sets, B-1 color changing, 4-15 palette, 6-2 COMM, 1-20 command.com file, 2-16 config.sys file, 2-7 connector pin assignments, G-1 cover alarm, 1-23 closed action, 1-16 closed suspend, 5-3 CPU Index 1 default speed, 1-17 speed, 5-8 speed during execution, 4-12 CRT, 3-9 cursor block, 1-21 change, 3-6 creating, 3-15 D data bits, 1-10 date, 1-7, 9-11 date display, 1-7 deleting songs, 10-10 diagnostics, D-1 directory working, 4-9 diskettes, 1-8, 1-19 diskete drive, A-2 display, 1-21, 2-2, A-1 drivers, 2-18 string, 4-6 Drop N’ Go, 3-6, 3-10 adding/changing applications, 3-10 copying applications, 3-12 deleting applications, 3-12 enable/disable menu, 3-12 icon placement, 3-13 Dynamic Data Exchange, 3-24 E EPP mode, 1-10 environment, A-5 expanded mode, 1-21 2 Index G games, 1-3 game port, 1-11 GETSTAT utility, 9-3 graphic modes extended, 8-2 grayscale, modifying palette, 6-11 H hard disk, 1-8, 1-19 formatting, D-15 motor timeout, 1-17, 5-7 parking, D-2 specifications, A-2 headphone/microphone, 11-2, 11-12, 12-10 help displays, creating, I-1 I input/output ports, 5-8 K keyboard, 2-2, C-1 L Laptop Manager, 3-6, 4-1 adding applications, 4-5 exiting, 4-3 features, 4-2 keep resident, 4-12 loading, 4-3 prompt after execution, 4-12 Quick Commands, 4-3, 4-5 Laptop File Manager (LFM), 3-6, 7-1 character key commands, 7-15 colors menu, 7-14 execute commands menu, 7-14 function keys, 7-6 getting started, 7-3 loading, 7-4 multiple file operations, 7-28 pathname/options setup menu, 7-13 restoring, 7-30 LCD brightness control, 5-9 palette, 1-22 power, 1-17, 5-8 LM_SETUP, 4-16 M memory, 2-3, A-1 configuring, F-1 drivers, F-5 installing, 11-6 ramdrive.sys, 9-6, F-8 standard, 1-13 upgrade, 2-3, 11-2, 11-6 menu testing, 4-13 microphone/headphone, 11-2, 11-12, 12-10 MIDI connection, 11-3, A-4 Mapper, 3-8 mix, 12-13 monitor advanced operations, 8-12 external, A-1 installing, 11-14 supported, 11-14 troubleshooting, 8-16 type, 1-22 mouse drivers, 2-18 MS-DOS closing applications, 3-7 DOSnotes, 3-5 restoring files, 2-16 multiple files copying, 7-29 operations, 7-29 N notebook docking, 12-6 undocking, 12-8 num lock, 1-12 numeric keypad, 11-2, 11-10 O options, A-5 notebook, 11-1 portable CD-ROM docking system, 12-15 P PAL utility, 6-3 PALSET utility, 6-11 palette, 4-2 changing, 6-3 changing shades, 6-3 color, 4-10, 6-2 LCD, 1-22 selecting, 6-4 User, 1-22 utilities, 6-1 viewing, 6-4 Index 3 panel, 3-9 parallel port, 1-10 parity, 1-10 parameter activity monitoring, 1-19 date and time, 1-7 disk drive, 1-8 input/output, 1-9 keyboard, 1-12 memory, 1-13 power management, 1-14 power savings, 1-15 screen, 1-21 string, 4-8 system configuration, 1-23 password, 2-11, 4-10 changing, 2-12 entering, 2-12 installing, 2-12 protection, 4-2 removing, 2-12 required, 4-9 Password utility, 2-11 loading, 2-11 pathname program, 4-7 PCMCIA, 1-3, 1-11 drivers, 2-18 information, 3-7 options, 11-2, 11-5 slots, A-3 playing CDs, 10-9 play lists, creating and saving, 10-9 4 Index Pocket CD, 10-9 cueing, 10-10 quitting, 10-10 Pocket Mixer, 10-7 configuration, 10-7 starting, 10-7 Pocket Recorder, 10-3 zoom, 10-4 pointing device, 1-19, 2-2 Port, 1-9 input/output, 5-8 MIDI, A-4 printer, A-3 PS/2, A-3 Portable CD-ROM Docking System, 11-2, 12-1 controls, 12-13 features, 12-2 options, 12-5 using, 12-10 power advanced OS, 1-17 consumption values, E-1 icon, 3-7 level, 1-18 management, 1-14 savings, 1-15, 4-11, 5-2 switch, 12-13 power saving configuration, 5-7 levels, 5-5 real time, 5-5 power saving utilities, 5-1 printers, 11-3, 11-13, A-3 processing speed, 2-3 PS/2 port, 1-11, A-3 Q Quick Boot, 1-24 Quick Commands, 4-3, 4-4, 4-5 exiting, 4-13 R RAMDRIVE.sys file, 9-6, F-8 RPAL, 6-5 adding to autoexec.bat, 6-10 installing, 6-6 saving data file, 6-9 switches, 6-6 using, 6-8 recording without a microphone, 10-7 using VU meters, 10-8 repeat rate, 1-12 reverse, 1-21 S Scroll Lock, 1-12 SCSI, 1-3 bios, 1-11 cables, 11-3, 11-13 connections, A-3 drivers, 2-18 hard drive enabler kit, 12-15 screen, background, 4-11 SETCMOS, 9-7 command, 9-7 restoring factory default, 9-8 saving, 9-9 SETKEY utility, 9-10 Setpower Utility, 5-10 setting up a non MS-DOS environment, 2-15 Setup, 2-15 defining parameters, 1-6 disk-based, 1-4 ROM-based, 1-5 Windows-based, 1-6 shadow ROM, 1-13 shock, A-5 SIMUL, 3-9 smartdrv.exe file, 5-11, F-9 sound, 10-1, A-5 compressing files, 10-6 record/playback, 10-6, 10-7 Sound Mapper, 3-7 speaker, multimedia, 1-24 standard, 1-23 Speed utility, 2-3, 5-12 switch, 5-12 using, 5-12 Standard Comm, 1-9 standby, 5-4 Startup, 1-2 menu, 1-3 procedure, 1-2 stop bits, 1-10 Super Shutdown, 3-7, 3-19 application setup, 3-24, 3-25 exiting, 3-22 Index 5 icon, 3-21 options, 3-20 passwords, 3-21 scheduling, 3-26 suspend/standby modes, 5-3 auto, 5-4 cover closed, 5-3 manual, 5-4 .sys files, 2-16, 2-17 system backup diskettes, 1-4 maintenance, 1-3, 1-4 T text mode, 8-4 time, 1-7 timeout action, 1-15 interval, 1-15 V VGA external monitor utilities, 8-1 VGA.exe, 8-9 VU meters, 10-8 Vibration, A-5 Video, 3-9 6 Index installation, 8-7 modes, 8-14 programming, 8-12 RAM, A-1 software, 8-8 standards, 8-5, 8-6, 8-13, H-1 Volume adjusting, 10-10 control, 12-13 W Wbattery, 3-4 Wakeup action, 1-16 interval, 1-16 Waveform changing effects, 10-3 editing, 10-4 playing, 10-5 recording, 10-5 using OLE with, 10-6 Windows restoring, 2-18 utilities, 3-3 Windows for Workgroups, 1-3 Printed in U.S.A.