ACS 4090 Printer User Manual

XEROX
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
Laser Printing Systems
Product Reference
June 1994
720P93010
Xerox Corporation
701 S. Aviation Boulevard
El Segundo, CA 90245
© 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 by Xerox Corporation. All rights
reserved.
Copyright protection claimed includes all forms and matters of
copyrightable material and information now allowed by statutory
or judicial law or hereinafter granted, including without limitation,
material generated from the software programs which are
displayed on the screen, such as icons, screen displays, looks,
etc.
Printed in the United States of America
Publication number: 720P93010
Xerox® and all Xerox products mentioned in this publication are
trademarks of Xerox Corporation. Products and trademarks of
other companies are also acknowledged.
Changes are periodically made to this document. Changes,
technical inaccuracies, and typographic errors will be corrected in
subsequent editions.
This document was created on the Xerox 6085 Professional
Computer System using GlobalView software. The typeface is
Optima.
Table of contents
Introduction
vii
4050/4090/4450/4650 reference set
vii
Related publications
ix
1. LPS overview
1-1
Electronic printing
1-2
Advantages
1-2
Features
1-3
Options
1-5
Fonts
1-6
Data types
1-6
Receiving data
1-6
Printing data
1-7
Production process overview
1-7
Input sources
1-8
Special processing
1-9
LPS output
2. Hardware components
1-10
2-1
LPS system disk storage and memory
2-1
System disks
2-1
Font memory
2-1
Graphics
2-2
4050/4090/4650 basic components
2-2
System controller
2-3
System controller components
2-3
System controller options
2-5
Printer
2-6
Printer components
2-6
Printer control console
2-7
Additional features
2-8
Optional printer components
2-9
Dual stacker configuration
2-9
High-capacity stitcher/stacker configuration
2-9
High-capacity feeder configuration
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
2-10
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Subsystems
2-11
Input subsystem
2-12
Control subsystem
2-12
Imaging subsystem
2-13
Xerographic subsystem
2-13
Output subsystem
2-13
3. Software components
3-1
Operating System Software
3-1
Resident languages
3-2
FDL
3-2
Interpress
3-2
PDL
3-2
Host software
3-2
Operating system
3-3
System generation
3-3
Command statements and files
3-4
4. Network connectivity
4-1
Interface options
4-1
Online
4-1
Offline
4-1
OEM
4-2
DEC
4-2
Ethernet
4-2
IBM and compatible mainframes
4-2
Online direct interface
4-2
Remote interface
4-3
Network interface
4-4
DEC VAX and MicroVAX mainframes
4-4
Communications interface
4-5
Network interface
4-5
Other mainframes
4-6
IBM PC and PC-compatible workstations
4-7
Ethernet interface
4-7
Other network interfaces
4-7
PC online interface
4-8
Macintosh workstations
iv
4-8
AppleTalk network interface
4-8
Ethernet interface
4-9
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sun workstations
4-10
Ethernet with XNS protocol
4-10
Ethernet with TCP/IP protocol
4-10
Other workstations
4-11
Offline connectivity for workstations
4-12
Appendix: LPS comparison
Glossary
Index
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
A-1
GLOSSARY-1
INDEX-1
v
Introduction
This Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Product Reference is an
overview of the 4050/4090/4450/4650 Laser Printing Systems
(LPS) for those who want to gain a broad knowledge of the
advantages, features, and options available with the printer. It
covers the following information:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Description of the 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS reference set
Basic concepts of electronic printing
LPS features and options
Production process
System components: hardware and software
Network connectivity
Software and hardware comparison to other LPS.
Refer to the Xerox 4450 Mid-Range Printer Product Reference for
information specific to the 4450 mid-range printer.
4050/4090/4450/4650 reference set
The following is a brief description of the contents of each of the
manuals provided in your LPS reference set.
Document title
What it contains . . .
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Master Index
Incorporates indexes for all documentation: Installation Planning, Operator
Guide, System Administration Guide, PDL Reference, Command Reference,
Forms Creation Guide, Message Guide, and Product Reference.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Forms Creation Guide
Presents the syntax and a brief description of all commands that can be used
in coding an electronic form, such as:
•
Forms Description Language commands
•
Step-by-step procedures for coding FSL files
•
Troubleshooting and imaging considerations
•
Examples and sample output illustrating FDL commands.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Forms Creation Quick
Reference Card
Lists and briefly explains the FDL commands.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Installation Planning
Details tasks that must be performed in preparation for the installation of the
printer. Communicates Xerox and customer responsibilities, fonts, supplies,
options, site selection/preparation, and available training/documentation.
•
Site preparation instructions and checklist
•
Installation day procedures
•
Supplies list and ordering information
•
Available documentation and training
•
Site planning templete.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
vii
INTRODUCTION
Document title
What it contains . . .
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Message Guide
Lists all alphanumerically coded messages that may appear on the screen
during printer operation and provides a brief explanation and recommended
action for each message. This guide covers the following information:
•
All coded messages
•
Non-coded messages pertaining to the summary sheets
•
Instructions for calling for Xerox support services
•
Problem solving, such as printer jams, system recovery, and diagnostics.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Operator Guide
Step-by-step instructions for basic operator tasks, such as:
Hardware cleaning and maintenance
Printing and monitoring jobs
Loading paper and unloading output
•
Meter reading and reporting.
A list of all operator commands and information.
A list of available supplies and instructions for ordering them.
•
•
•
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Operator Command
Summary
Lists and briefly explains the commands used by the operator.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Print Description
Language (PDL) Quick
Reference Card
Lists and briefly explains the PDL/DJDE commands.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Print Description
Language (PDL) Reference
Presents the syntax and a brief description of all commands that can be used
in coding a print job, such as:
•
Print job preparation commands
•
Input and output processing commands
•
Dynamic Job Descriptor Entries (DJDEs)
•
Step-by-step procedures for coding JSL and FSL files
•
Examples and sample output illustrating commands.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS Product Reference
Introduces the printer, printer terminology, production process of the
printer and the features/options that are unique to these printers (product
differences.)
•
Description of reference set
•
Supported system configurations, with diagrams
•
System components: hardware and software
•
Software and hardware comparison to other LPS.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS System Administration
Guide
Presents tasks and procedures that control system configuration and user
services that are performed by a system administrator, such as:
•
System generation procedures
•
Backing up and restoring files
•
Securing files and commands
•
Administering the Data Capture Utility log
•
Managing system disk space
Lists all system administrator commands and information.
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS System Administration
Quick Reference Card
Lists and briefly explains the commands used by the system administrator.
viii
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
INTRODUCTION
Related publications
You can find additional information related to the
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS in the following publications.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
Publication
Number
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Master Index
720P93070
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Bypass
Transport Instructions, V3.5/3.8
720P22320
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Bypass
Transport Operator Training Guide Flipcharts
Supplement
720P22340
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Bypass
Transport Operator Training Guide
Supplement
720P22330
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Command
Reference
720P23260
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Forms
Creation Guide
720P93060
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Forms
Creation Quick Reference Card
720P93100
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Installation
Planning
720P92990
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Message
Guide
720P93020
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator
Guide
720P93000
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator
Instructor Training Flipcharts
720P22080
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator
Instructor Training Guide
720P22070
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator
Command Summary
720P93050
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Print
Description Language (PDL) Quick Reference
Card
720P93090
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Print
Description Language (PDL) Reference
720P93030
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS System
Administration Guide
720P93040
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS System
Administration Quick Reference Card
720P93080
Xerox Standard Font Library Font User Guide
600P86174
Xerox Tape Formats Manual
600P86175
Helpful Facts About Paper
610P50497
ix
1.
LPS overview
The Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 Laser Printing System (LPS) are
versatile, high-performance printing systems which process and
print data from a variety of sources. They allow host mainframe
computers and devices connected to a network, such as
workstations and graphic scanners, to produce publications and
other documents, incorporating graphics, forms, logos,
signatures, and a variety of fonts.
The LPS offers management information systems and data
processing environments a high-performance printer with built-in
intelligence. This feature eliminates the need for the host
computer to store and manage forms, fonts, and other document
resources.
A variety of fonts ranging in size from 4 to 24 points, in all four
orientations (portrait, inverse portrait, landscape, inverse
landscape), and many publishing typefaces are available to meet
your printing requirements. You can use special or customized
fonts developed by the Xerox Font Center in addition to the
standard set of fonts you receive with the LPS.
Table 1-1 lists the feature differences among the 4050, 4090,
4450, and 4650 LPS.
Table 1-1.
LPS features
LPS
Feature differences
4050/4450
Prints up to 50 pages a minute with a
resolution of 300 dpi
4650
Prints up to 50 pages per minute, with a
resolution of either 300 or 600 dpi
4090
Prints up to 92 pages a minute with a
resolution of 300 dpi and handles four paper
stocks simultaneously
The following features are available with software version 3.8:
•
Data Capture Utility provides you with an easy method of
capturing and saving all messages and keyboard entries
displayed on the terminal.
•
Multiple-session utility allows up to eight Xerox Network
Service users the ability to submit requests to the print
service concurrently.
•
Host Interface Processor (HIP) logging utility allows you to
have the printer log all or selected XNS filing and printing
operations performed by remote clients.
•
Filing subset utility allows you to specify a type attribute to
each file.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
1-1
OVERVIEW
•
Compatibility with the 4850 LPS enables you to use your
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS as a suitable backup for your 4850
HighLight Color LPS. This allows you to use your
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS to process and print highlight color
jobs in black and shades of gray.
•
Limited compatibility with the 4135 LPS enables your
4050/4090/4450/4650 to process the data stream from your
4135 LPS. When your 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS encounters a
4135 unique feature, it ignores the feature and processes the
job. A message at your system controller terminal notifies
you of the unsupported feature and gives you the
opportunity to continue or end the task.
•
4245 emulation using channel connections to an IBM host
emulates an IBM line printer.
Electronic printing
Electronic printing is the integrated production of documents on
demand, using digitally stored documents and graphic images,
computerized composition techniques, and electronic printing
systems such as the 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS.
Electronic printing allows you to use a variety of printing
applications and produce complex documents ranging from
books and lengthy reports to invoices, statements, forms, and
listings.
Advantages
Electronic printing has several important advantages over
traditional printing methods:
1-2
•
Minimizes the use of preprinted forms in listings, statements,
invoices, and so on. You can create forms electronically,
using a wide range of design elements such as lines, boxes,
graphic images, and a variety of fonts. You can then
automatically merge the forms with variable data.
•
Electronic printing lets you create documents and forms in a
shorter time with greater control over the result, including
the ability to make last-minute changes.
•
By giving operators and programmers the capability to
program the print job processing, repetitive jobs are handled
easily and consistently, and the output potential of the
printer can be maximized.
•
The programming capability, combined with a variety of
hardware configurations, makes it possible to produce
documents with cover-to-cover control. For example, you
can print different pages of a report on different paper
stocks, and the output can be collated or stapled. Electronic
printing eliminates the separate handling and finishing
process of traditional printing.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
OVERVIEW
Features
The 4050/4090/4650 LPS has many standard features which allow
you to process and print data using a variety of sources. The
features for each main component are listed below. Table 1-2
lists the differences among the components of the LPS.
Reference
Refer to the “LPS comparison” appendix for a comparison of the
4050/4090/4650 LPS components with other Xerox printers.
Refer to the Xerox 4450 Mid-Range Printer Product Reference for
information on the component features of the 4450 MRP.
Table 1-2.
Component features
Component
Features
Interface
Several optional interfaces offer a variety of connection options, such as:
•
Online
•
Offline
•
OEM
•
DEC
•
Ethernet.
System controller
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Printer
Multinational terminal
4050/4450 LPS: Two standard 50 MB system disks. Optional expansion of up to
200 MB in 50 MB increments is available.
4090/4650 LPS: Two standard 170 MB system disks. Optional 170 MB, 182 MB, or
380 MB system disks are available for expansion.
512 KB of control memory
16 MB of font memory (4050/4450 LPS). 128 MB of font memory (4090/4650 LPS).
4050/4450 LPS: Graphics Handling Option (GHO) with 8 MB of graphics memory.
4090/4650 LPS: Graphics Video Generator (GVG) 32 or 256 MB option
Optional Raster Image Processor (RIP) for increased graphics capabilities
5.25-inch floppy disk drive
Optional 9-track magnetic tape drive with 1600 or 6250 bits per inch (bpi)
Optional 18-track 180 Cartridge Tape System (CTS) with read and write capability for
IBM- and ANSI-compatible 0.5 inch tapes in 18-track, IBM 3480 data format.
Functionality:
Xerographic engine
Laser raster scanning
Printing speed of up to 50 pages per minute (ppm) for the 4050/4450/4650 LPS, up
to 92 ppm for the 4090 LPS, and up to 7,500 lines per minute (lpm).
•
Output of 300 by 300 spots per inch (spi) for the 4050/4090/4450 LPS or 600 by 600
spi for the 4650.
•
Light-emitting diode (LED) display showing feeder and stacker tray configurations
•
Ability to print on only the front (simplex) or both front and back (duplex) of paper
•
Graphic display of the printer on the control console helps you clear paper jams
•
Stop, Continue, Print Sample, and Tray Select buttons
•
Controls paper stock using multiple feeder trays and high-capacity feeder option
•
Output module options
•
Sample print tray
•
Diagnostic jam clearance.
•
•
•
Paper handling:
Prints index, cut-sheet, colored, preprinted, predrilled, or preperforated paper from
20 pound/75 gsm paper to 110 pound/200 gsm paper
•
Prints in variable paper sizes from 8 by 10 inches to 8.5 by 14 inches, including 8.27
by 11.69 inches (A4) with an image size up to 8.6 by 11 inches
•
Prints transparencies, label stock, and other specialized materials
•
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
1-3
OVERVIEW
Table 1-2.
Component features (continued)
Component
Features
Printer
(continued)
Forms:
•
Creates and stores forms electronically on the LPS or host computer
•
Changes form contents on a page-to-page basis
•
Allows functional compatibility with the 9790/8790 forms, logos, and signatures
•
With system software version 3.8, allows limited compatibility with 4135 forms,
logos, and signatures
•
With system software version 3.8, allows you to print precompiled forms from a
color printer in black and shades of gray
•
Merges forms with the necessary variable data when the form prints
•
Prints multiple forms on each page when you use Interpress, RIP, and GHO/GVG.
•
Allows you to use preprinted forms.
Fonts:
Uses proportional or fixed character spacing
Offers variable character sizes from 4 to 24 points. 6 to 36 points for the 4650.
Uses spacing from 4 to 30 characters per inch (cpi)
Allows you to select up to 128 fonts per page from an extensive library of standard
and optional fonts.
•
Allows the use of logo and signature fonts
•
Offers a multinational character set
•
Loads fonts from the host computer system, floppy disk, magnetic reel tape, or
cartridge tape
•
4050/4450 LPS: Contains 16 MB of font memory. 4090/4650 LPS: 128 MB of font
memory.
•
Allows you to select fonts on a character-to-character basis.
•
•
•
•
Print format:
Variable spacing from 3 to 18 lines per inch (lpi)
Spacing from 4 to 30 cpi
Landscape or portrait orientation
38 KB (at 4 points, 18 lpi) of alphanumeric characters for each 8.5 by 14 inches of
variable density on a page
•
198 lines (at 4 points, 18 lpi) for each 8.5 by 11 inch portrait page. 252 lines (at 4
points, 18 lpi) for each 8.5 by 14 inch portrait page
•
150 lines, with 132 characters per line, on each 8.5 by 11 inch landscape page
•
16 images per page; over 16 images per page and vector graphics capability are
available when you use Interpress, or RIP with GHO/GVG.
•
Multiple logical pages on a physical page.
•
Simplex or duplex printing.
•
•
•
•
Compatibility:
Allows functional compatibility between 4050, 4090, and 4650 LPS and limited
compatibility with the 4135 LPS.
•
With system software version 3.8, enables you to print jobs with color commands in
black and shades of gray
•
Output:
Interspersing
Stitching
Stacking
Multiple set printing
Offsetting
Job accounting and reports
Collating or noncollating.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1-4
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
OVERVIEW
Options
Options available for your LPS are listed by type in table 1-3.
Table 1-3.
Type
Options
Hardware
•
•
•
•
•
Memory
•
•
•
•
•
Graphics
•
Component options
9-track magnetic tape drive
18-track, Xerox 180 CTS
High-capacity feeder
Stitcher/stacker
Bypass transport
Refer to the “Hardware components” chapter for more
information regarding these hardware options.
Expanded system disk memory
Font memory
Graphics memory
Task memory
Cache memory
Refer to the “Hardware components” chapter for more
information regarding these memory options.
•
Graphics Handling Option (GHO)/
Graphics Video Generator (GVG)
Raster Image Processor (RIP)
Electronic Printing Image Construction (EPIC)
Host Forms Description Language (HFDL)
Xerox Job Control Facility (XJCF)
Xerox Printer Access Facility (XPAF)
Refer to the “Software components” chapter for more
information regarding these software packages.
Software
•
•
•
•
Resident
languages
The LPS contains three resident languages: Forms Description
Language (FDL), Interpress, Print Description Language (PDL).
Refer to the “Resident languages” section in the “Software
components” chapter for more information.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
1-5
OVERVIEW
Fonts
A set of standard LPS fonts are provided at installation time.
(Font is a publishing term referring to a set of characters with the
same type style, type size, and orientation.) For specific font size
information, refer to your Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS
Installation Planning guide.
Note: Additional fonts, whether standard or custom designed,
may be ordered from the Xerox Font Center or Rank Xerox. You
can also order digitized logos and signatures. Refer to your
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Installation Planning guide for
information on ordering fonts.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Forms Creation
Guide and the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Installation
Planning guide for more information about fonts.
Data types
One of the available sources creates and transmits data to the
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS. The system controller receives the
incoming data from one of the interfaces for processing. If the
input is print data, the system controller sends a stream of data
to the printer for imaging. If the input is nonprint data, it stores
it on the system disks.
Receiving data
The 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS can receive data as input from any
of the sources shown in table 1-4.
Table 1-4.
Data sources
Source
Using . . .
Channel-attached host
computer system
Online interface
Magnetic tape (9- or 18track)
Offline interface
871-CM using an OEM
interface (SNA/SDLC or BSC)
HIP task
Remote workstation
Ethernet interface and the
HIP task
VAX/VMS DDCMP
environment
DEC interface and the HIP
task
Additional graphic sources include the 7650 Pro Imager and the
150 Graphic Input Station (GIS) using an Ethernet interface.
Graphic handling requires GHO/GVG on the LPS.
1-6
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
OVERVIEW
Printing data
The 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS can print the types of data shown
in table 1-5.
Table 1-5.
Data types
Data type
Description
Variable data
Variable data changes from page to page. The LPS can merge
variable data with a form.
Fixed data
Fixed data (FRM file) remains constant from page to page (for
example, letterheads and column headings). Forms data usually
refers to information found on preprinted forms or overlays.
Note: Generating forms at a host requires a host-resident forms
design software package such as Host Forms Description
Language (HFDL).
Any form suitable for computer printout can be described and
entered into system storage. Once stored on the system, a
form can be activated by referencing the name of the form in
the Job Source Library (JSL) file or Job Descriptor Entry (JDE).
All Xerox laser printing systems have a line editor utility for the
creation and modification of program source files (.FSL and .JSL
extension files).
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Command
Reference for more information on the LPS Editor.
Graphic data
(usually merged
with variable data
or fixed data)
Graphic data (.IMG file) refers to digitized images (both line art
and continuous tone images) that are merged with variable or
forms data. Sources of graphic data include the following:
•
•
•
Graphic data generated by EPIC host-resident software
Scanned images from the Xerox 7650 Pro Imager (using
XPIW)
Scanned images from the 150 GIS.
Note: The GHO/GVG option is required on the LPS to process
graphic data.
Production process overview
The process of producing a job on an LPS can be broken down
into three distinct phases: input, special processing, and output.
Figure 1-1 shows this process.
Figure 1-1.
Input
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
Basic processing flow
Special
processing
Output
1-7
OVERVIEW
Input sources
The input phase of job production begins with the collecting and
input of data using one of several available sources.
As shown in figure 1-2, several data input methods are available.
Figure 1-2.
1-8
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 input options
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
OVERVIEW
The input sources shown in table 1-6 are available for the
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS.
Table 1-6.
Input sources
Input source
What it does . . .
Channel-attached
host
The online channel interface receives input directly from a
host mainframe through a cable and supports all IBM and
IBM-compatible systems supporting the channel-attached
3811/3211 and 4245 interfaces.
Remote host
The 871-CM and the OEM interface use the Host Interface
Processor (HIP) task to permit ASCII and EBCDIC data
transmission to the LPS using SNA/SDLC or BSC protocols.
This input method allows the 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS to
print jobs from a remote IBM-compatible host computer. By
using a telephone modem, the 871-CM eliminates the need
for a channel extender unit.
VAX/VMS host
The DEC interface enables communication between a DEC
VAX/VMS system and a 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS through
cable or modem connections using the HIP task.
Refer to the Xerox Print Management Facility—VMS Version
manuals, which contain more information on DEC VAX/VMS.
Magnetic tape
Magnetic tape input (9- or 18-track) is received by the offline
interface. The Xerox Laser Printing Systems Tape Formats
Manual describes the tape format and encryption schemes
that a Xerox LPS recognizes.
Workstations and
graphic scanners
Using the HIP task, the ethernet interface receives input
from workstations, such as the Xerox 6085, and graphic
scanners, such as the 7650 Pro Imager, using Xerox
Publishing Illustrator Workstation (XPIW) and the 150 GIS.
Ethernet is the Xerox Local Area Network (LAN) that allows
data to be transmitted by cable from one device to another
on a shared or an unshared, but accessible, network.
Note: Graphic handling requires either Graphics Video
Generator (GVG) or Graphics Handling Option (GHO) on the
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS.
Special processing
Special processing features (outlined in table 1-7) distinguish the
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS from an impact printer because you
can specify that you want the system to perform logical functions
(such as printing portions of the data, offsetting certain pages of
a report, and repositioning a page logically during the printing
process).
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
1-9
OVERVIEW
Table 1-7.
Special processing features
Feature
What it provides . . .
DJDE
A Dynamic Job Descriptor Entry (DJDE) command allows you
to modify the printing environment dynamically. You insert
these commands into the input data stream to modify the
command characteristics of the existing JDE. DJDEs can take
effect on a report-to-report, page-to-page, and record-torecord basis.
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Print
Description Language (PDL) Reference for more information.
CME
A Copy Modification Entry (CME) command allows you to
replace certain parts of a report with predefined static data
on selected copies or to specify font changes within the
variable data.
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Print
Description Language (PDL) Reference for more information.
LPS output
The final production phase is output. The 4050/4090/4450/4650
LPS provides powerful finishing and disbursement features. You
can have a cover-to-cover printing process on any job. This
means that an inventory stock report job could have:
•
Blue card stock front cover with the title in a 24-point bold
font
•
49 pages of equipment inventory, with the last page
designed to summarize totals
•
37 pages of equipment description, with pricing information
removed, and a shaded grid filling the columns on each page
•
A matching blue card stock back cover printed on the
reverse side with “END OF REPORT” in a 14-point bold font.
You can have each copy of the inventory report offset, or
stitched (stapled) and offset, in the stacker tray for easy
identification. The system places a routing sheet on top of each
offset stack. This routing sheet contains information such as
“Jones and Smith Supplies, Inc.” This feature is useful when you
want to separate individual copies for binding or distribution to
different groups.
With the bypass transport option, you can connect third-party
finishing equipment directly to your 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS.
The bypass transport fits into tray 1 of the dual stacker output
module configuration. Third-party devices do a variety of
finishing tasks such as saddle stitching, binding, folding, stapling,
trimming, and stacking.
Reference
1-10
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator Guide and
the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Forms Creation Guide for
more information on imaging and output considerations.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
2.
Hardware components
This chapter is an overview of the Xerox 4050/4090/4650 Laser
Printing System (LPS) storage and memory, hardware
components, additional features, and optional printer
components.
Refer to the Xerox 4450 Mid-Range Printer Product Reference for
information on the hardware components of the 4450 MRP.
LPS system disk storage and memory
The system disks store the operating system software and the
system resources, such as fonts, forms, and graphics, you want
to load into memory for use during input processing. There are
several types of memory used with the LPS.
System disks
The 4050/4450 LPS has two standard 50 MB system disks.
Optional expansion of up to 200 MB in 50 MB increments is
available.
The 4090/4650 LPS has two standard 170 MB disks. Optional
expansion of up to two additional 170, 182, or 380 MB drives is
also available.
Font memory
Each character in a font set is composed of a unique pattern of
dots. Font memory stores the data representation of each
character in an individual memory location. If a job requires
multiple fonts, more font memory may be needed.
•
The 4050/4450LPS has 8 MB of font memory which is
expandable to 16 MB.
•
The 4090/4650 LPS has 16 MB of font memory which is
expandable to 32 MB.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
2-1
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
Graphics
Graphics are handled using the methods shown in table 2-1.
Table 2-1.
Graphics options
Method
How it works . . .
Graphics
Handling Option
(4050/4450 LPS)
GHO has 8 MB of graphic memory which allows the 4050/4450
LPS to receive digitized graphic data.
Graphics Video
Generator
(4090/4650 LPS)
Raster Image
Processor
GVG has an optional 32 or 256 MB of graphic memory which
allows the 4090/4650 LPS to receive digitized graphic data.
GHO and GVG accept graphic data encoded according to the
Xerox Interpress Standard. Sources of graphic data include the
following:
•
Graphic data generated by the Electronic Printing Image
Construction (EPIC) host-resident software
•
Scanned images from the Xerox 7650 Pro Imager using a
Xerox Publishing Illustrator Workstation (XPIW)
•
Scanned images from the 150 Graphic Input Station (GIS).
The RIP performs vector to raster conversion in support of the
Interpress 3.0 Publication Set. It provides multiple forms
capability for any given page and allows you to print text and
image files which would otherwise be unprintable or
incomplete because of complexity. RIP allows you to use two
forms per page and more than 16 graphics on a page for
Interpress applications.
4050/4090/4650 basic components
The LPS consists of two separate units: the system controller and
the printer.
Figure 2-1.
2-2
Xerox Laser Printing System
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
System controller
The system controller provides the interface capability, data
handling, formatting, buffering, and operator control for the LPS.
It contains the input subsystem and the control subsystem
electronics.
The input subsystem provides interfacing capabilities (online,
offline, Ethernet, OEM, and DEC) for a variety of input sources
(host, magnetic tape, workstations, and graphic scanners).
The control subsystem performs all data handling, formatting,
buffering, and operational control of the system.
The standard system controller components are the terminal,
system controller panel, floppy disk drive, and the system disks.
System controller components
The standard system controller components are the floppy disk
drive, the system disks, the system controller panel, and the
terminal. Figure 2-2 shows the standard and optional system
controller components.
Figure 2-2.
1.
2.
3.
4.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
LPS system controller
9-track magnetic tape drive
Floppy disk drive
System controller panel
Terminal and keyboard
2-3
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
Floppy disk drive
The floppy disk drive provides an alternative input for loading
operating system software, user files, and fonts to the system
disks. You can also use the floppy disk drive for diagnostics and
to back up resident user files and fonts on 5.25-inch, doublesided, high-density floppy disks. You cannot use it as an input
source for print jobs.
The floppy disk drive has a total of 1404 available sectors. Sector
configuration is 78 cylinders, 2 tracks per cylinder, 18 sectors per
cylinder, and 512 bytes per sector.
Terminal
The terminal consists of two components: the keyboard and the
display as shown in figure 2-3. The keyboard is your means of
communicating with the LPS; the display is the printing system
means of communicating with you. The commands you enter at
the keyboard control functions (such as loading the operating
system, switching between online and offline processing modes,
starting jobs, requesting sample prints, and obtaining accounting
summaries).
Figure 2-3.
Keyboard and display terminal
1. Display
2. Keyboard
System controller panel
The system control panel contains buttons which turn the system
on and off, boot the system, and switch between local and
remote modes as shown in figure 2-4.
Figure 2-4.
System disks
2-4
System controller panel
System disks store the operating system software, fonts, forms,
and general user files for the LPS.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
The 4050/4450 LPS has two standard 50 MB system disks.
Optional expansion of up to 200 MB in 50 MB increments is
available.
The 4090/4650 LPS has two standard 170 MB system disks.
Optional expansion using 170 MB, 182 MB, or 380 MB system
disks are available.
System controller options
The system controller offers two options which enhance the
capabilities of the LPS: the 9-track magnetic tape drive and the
180 18-track cartridge tape drive.
Note: These options are not available on the 4450 mid-range
printer.
9-track magnetic tape drive
The optional 9-track magnetic tape drive offers an alternative to
online operations. This tape drive supports 9-track, 1600 bits per
inch (bpi), phase encoded (pe) magnetic tapes and 6250 bpi,
Group Code Recording (GCR) encoded magnetic tapes. Refer to
the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator Guide for
information on using the 9-track magnetic tape drive which is
shown in figure 2-5.
Figure 2-5.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
System controller with 9-track magnetic tape
drive
2-5
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
18-track 180 Cartridge Tape System
You can add the detached 18-track, Xerox 180 Cartridge Tape
System (CTS) to your system as an alternative to the 9-track
magnetic tape drive, or as an additional offline capability for the
system. This tape drive supports IBM- and ANSI-compatible, 0.5inch tape in the 18-track, IBM 3480 data format.
You can use the 180 CTS as a source for loading and backing up
your user files and fonts and as an input source for print jobs.
This tape drive also offers you additional offline capabilities for
sending print and nonprint data to the LPS. The Xerox 180 CTS
is available with a single or a dual tape transport as shown in
figure 2-6.
Figure 2-6.
180 CTS with transport options
1. Single transport
2. Dual transport
Printer
The LPS printer is a high-performance printer with built-in
intelligence which provides the LPS the output capabilities to
produce high-quality publications.
Printer components
The standard LPS printer components are the printer control
console, the sample tray, and the feeder trays as shown in figure
2-7. Labels are located throughout the printer to assist you with
a variety of tasks such as clearing a paper jam. The printer also
has the capability to sound an audible tone to direct your
attention to a printer problem. Your service representative can
adjust the volume of this tone.
2-6
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
The printer provides control buttons and displays for basic printer
functions and status information. The printer control console
contains message and graphic displays which assist you with jam
clearance and printer maintenance.
The printer also contains an information button (i) which provides
you with access to extended messages. LEDs on the control
panel indicate feeder status. The dual stacker configuration
contains tray select buttons, located next to each stacker tray,
which allow you to divert output to the other stacker tray.
Figure 2-7.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Reference
Printer components
Printer control console
Sample tray
Stacker tray 1
Stacker tray 2
Feeder tray 2
Feeder tray 1
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator Guide for
more information on operating the printer.
Printer control console
A control console located on the printer, shown in figure 2-8,
contains message and graphic displays, Information, Stop,
Continue, and Sample buttons, an On/Off switch, and indicator
lights showing which feeder tray is active and the paper size in
use.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
2-7
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
Figure 2-8.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Reference
Printer control console
Continue button
Stop button
Print quantity display
Information button
Message display
Graphic display
Wire percentage indicator
Feeder tray indicators
Sample button
On/off switch
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator Guide for
more information on operating the printer control console.
Additional features
Instruction labels
Audible tones
Language button
2-8
Instruction labels are located throughout the printer to assist you
with a variety of tasks.
For certain conditions, audible tones call your attention to the
printer. The volume may be adjusted by a service representative.
Systems with the language option have a Language button that
you use for selecting a different language for the message
display; for example, French instead of English.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
Optional printer components
There are four options available with the LPS printer:
•
•
•
•
Dual stacker configuration
High-capacity stitcher/stacker configuration
High-capacity feeder configuration
Bypass transport.
Dual stacker configuration
The dual stacker configuration offers two output trays with the
ability for automatic tray switching. This allows you to program
the system to route output to the inactive output tray when the
active output tray is full. This feature allows you to unload a tray
without any interruption to the printing process as long as an
output tray is ready. If the inactive output tray is not ready when
the active output tray reaches its capacity, the system stops
printing. You can continue normal processing once an output
tray is ready.
You can select either output tray. If both trays are in the ready
mode, and neither is selected manually, the system selects tray 1.
You can change your tray selection at any time, provided the
alternate output tray is in the ready mode.
You can also select one of the output trays as the sample tray,
except when you use transparencies.
Reference
Refer to the “SELECT command” section in the Xerox
4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Command Reference for instructions.
You can program the system to offset each output set
approximately 0.5 inch from the previous set.
High-capacity stitcher/stacker configuration
The stitcher/stacker tray holds up to 2,000 sheets of unstitched
paper. If you want the system to stitch your output, it is
collected inside the output module, stitched, and ejected into
the output tray. The system can stitch up to 50 sheets in each
set.
You can program the system to offset each output set
approximately 0.5 inch from the previous set.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
2-9
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
High-capacity feeder configuration
The high-capacity Feeder (HCF), shown in figure 2-9, is an
optional configuration for your LPS. This option allows you to
customize your printer to increase its efficiency and use
specialized applications. The HCF provides two additional feeder
trays and increases the feeder capacity by approximately 2,000
sheets.
Feeder trays 3 and 4 each hold 1,000 sheets of 20 pound/75 gsm
paper. They work interchangeably with feeder trays 1 and 2,
allowing automatic tray switching and offering increased
uninterrupted printing time.
Figure 2-9.
LPS with high-capacity feeder
1. High-capacity feeder
2. Feeder tray 3
3. Feeder tray 4
2-10
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
Bypass transport
The LPS bypass transport option, shown in figure 2-10, enables
third-party finishing equipment to connect to and interface
directly with your LPS.
The bypass transport fits into tray 1 of the dual stacker output
module configuration. Your LPS and third-party finishing devices
connect by aligning a finishing device with the bypass transport
exit slot, or by physically and electrically linking a finishing device
with the LPS bypass transport output module.
Third-party devices perform a variety of finishing tasks, such as
saddle-stitching, binding, folding, stapling, trimming, and
stacking.
Figure 2-10.
Laser printing system with bypass transport
Subsystems
The LPS contains five subsystems that perform the tasks
necessary to meet the requirements of the system. These
subsystems are as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
Input
Control
Imaging
Xerographic
Output.
2-11
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
Input subsystem
The input subsystem receives print and nonprint file input
through the offline interface, the OEM interface, the DEC
interface, the Ethernet interface, or the online interface.
A selectable system allows a choice between operational modes.
Input is obtained from the sources shown in table 2-2.
Table 2-2.
Interface sources
Interface
Source
Offline
9-track (1600 or 6250 bpi) magnetic tape using the magnetic
tape drive or from 18-track cartridge using the 180 18-track
CTS.
Ethernet
Workstations (such as the 6085) and graphic scanners (150 GIS
or 7650 Pro Imager) in a shared or unshared, but accessible,
network.
OEM
A remote IBM-compatible host computer system using the 871Communications Module (CM). This permits ASCII and EBCDIC
data transmission to the 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS.
Transmissions can occur in the System Network Architecture
and Synchronous Data Link Control (SNA and SDLC) protocol
environment and the Binary Synchronous Communications
(BSC) protocol environment.
DEC
A VAX/VMS system. This permits synchronous data transmission
to the 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS in a DEC Data Communications
Message Protocol (DDCMP) environment.
Online
A channel-attached host. All IBM systems which support the
channel-attached 3811/3211 and 4245 interface are supported.
(Non-IBM systems are supported through a variety of third-party
connections.)
Control subsystem
Table 2-3 is a summary of the control subsystem.
Table 2-3.
The control subsystem
performs . . .
•
•
•
•
All data handling
Formatting
Buffering
Operational control
Control subsystem features
The system controller main
memory directs . . .
It consists of . . .
•
•
•
•
•
System controller
Main memory
Terminal
Two to four system disks
Interface and control electronics
•
•
•
•
Page formatting
System control
FSL/JSL compilation
System diagnostics
The interface and control electronics handle controller-to-device
communications and control of specific device functions. They
provide the necessary interfacing between the input/output (I/O)
2-12
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
circuits and the device circuits. They also accept control orders
from the system controller and exercise the indicated functional
control over the devices. The control and interface electronics
communicate device status to the computer software.
Imaging subsystem
The imaging subsystem accepts a formatted page of data on
which forms and graphics are merged for the xerographic
process. This subsystem converts a character from a digitized
form into a printed image composed of tiny dots. These dots
are so small and close together that they appear to form solid
black areas. Image clarity is determined largely by the resolution
or the number of dots per inch (dpi) printed. The resolution of
the 4050/4450/4090 LPS is 300 by 300 dpi. The resolution of the
4650 LPS is 300 or 600 dpi.
Xerographic subsystem
The xerographic subsystem incorporates all of the typical
functions of the xerographic printer, including paper handling
and development of the latent image for the output page. The
latent image is subsequently developed by applying dry ink and
transferring it to a sheet of paper. The final image is fixed when
the paper passes through a fusing station on its way to the
output stacker. The photoreceptor belt is cleaned and recharged
in preparation for the next cycle of operation.
Alternate feeder trays
When all feeder trays contain the same type of paper, you can
print continuously by programming the printer to feed from
alternate feeder trays. You can also fill any tray with different
colored paper or with a different weight of paper.
Simplex printing
When you print on one side of the paper (simplex), the system
obtains an individual sheet of paper from a feeder tray, passes it
over a transfer station, through the fuser station where the image
is fixed, and routes it to the output subsystem.
Duplex printing
When you print on both sides of the paper (duplex), the front
side of the sheet prints before the back side. After the system
prints on the front side, the system turns the sheet over and
reroutes it through the xerographic subsystem for printing on the
back side. When the system completes the process on the back
side of the page, the system routes the sheet to the output
subsystem.
Output subsystem
The output subsystem provides paper stacking, report collating,
optional finishing, and sample print capabilities.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
2-13
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
The LPS offers two output configurations: the dual stacker and
the stitcher/stacker. Each configuration has a paper transport
mechanism to allow paper handling. Each configuration can also
offset an output set approximately 0.5 inch from the previous
set.
Samples are delivered to a sample tray. Sample pages can
include printouts of information stored in the system, a duplicate
copy of the current output page, or a sample of the next page
the system will print. This sample print feature allows you to
examine job pages. When a sheet is delivered to the sample
tray, the system reprints the sample sheet and delivers it to the
active stacker tray, thus maintaining the integrity of the output
set.
Note: You should always route transparencies to the sample
output tray.
The 4050/4450/4650 LPS delivers output at a rate of up to 50
PPM, and the 4090 delivers output at a rate of up to 92 PPM for
the first copy of a report, depending on the processing features
you use and the density of the page. Subsequent copies of a
report do not require input processing time except when you
use copy-sensitive processing. The output rate increases for
subsequent copies when any of the following occurs:
•
All required forms and fonts remain in memory for the
duration of the job.
•
Entire job runs in either simplex or duplex mode.
•
No copy-sensitive processing.
•
System can hold the entire print file for the report on disk.
•
No hardware errors or system recoveries occur.
•
Graphic image size is three-quarters of a megabit or less on a
page-to-page basis.
When printing in duplex mode, printing throughput is reduced
when form and font memory cannot accommodate all the forms
and fonts used.
2-14
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
3.
Software components
This chapter is an overview of the Xerox 4050/4090/4650 Laser
Printing Systems (LPS) Operating System Software (OSS), resident
languages, interfaces, and the operating system.
Refer to the Xerox 4450 Mid-Range Printer Product Reference for
information on the 4450 MRP software components.
Operating System Software
The LPS OSS includes the components outlined in table 3-1.
Table 3-1.
LPS OSS components
Component
What it does . . .
Executive
Schedules all LPS processing.
Operator and subsystem
(OCS)
Interfaces between the OSS and the keyboard/display or user interface.
Input processor
Decodes and formats input data (offline magnetic tape, Ethernet, DEC
interfaces, etc.), then writes it to the system disk for subsequent printing.
Output processor
Merges form and graphic data with input source data, producing merged
data in a coded format for printing. The output is sent to the printer, one
page at a time, through the image generator.
Interpress decomposer (IPD)
(4050F)
Used when an Interpress job is run. Decomposes simple Interpress masters
and sends them to input for processing. Decomposes the Publication Set of
Interpress and provides limited Professional Set support.
Print Description Language
processor (PDL)
Allows you to enter statements that specify the printing environment,
including input and output formats and processing requirements.
Forms Description Language
processor (FDL)
Allows you to describe forms using simple, English language commands.
Text editor
Allows you to edit and manipulate source files.
Font editor
Allows you to create new or modify existing font files.
File management subsystem
Maintains system disk files.
Host Interface Processor
(HIP)
Receives data from a remote host, a DEC host, or local area Ethernet
networks. In the 4050F and 4135, HIP supports IBM SNA/SDLC or BSC (HIP
HOST=871), Ethernet (HIP HOST=XNS), DEC (HIP HOST=DMR), and
Xerox Printer Access Facility (HIP HOST =XPF).
Diagnostic software
Operating System Diagnostic Software (OSDS) and Standalone Field
Engineering Software (SAFES) are used to identify and diagnose hardware
failures.
Utilities
Several utilities provide a disk save/restore capacity, accounting summaries,
and file directory lists. They also include routines to compress files and
directories, restrict command use, etc.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
3-1
SOFTWARE COMPONENTS
Resident languages
There are three languages resident on the LPS: Forms Description
Language (FDL), Interpress, and Print Description Language
(PDL).
FDL
FDL is an LPS resident language you use to design electronic
forms. You can include logos, signature fonts, and shading in
the forms you create. Source and object form libraries are stored
on the system disks.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox Laser Printing System Forms Creation Guide
for more information.
Interpress
Interpress is a PDL capable of describing any two-dimensional
image intended for a raster device such as an LPS. This language
describes the data you create on the page; it is not a page
composition language.
You can use Interpress to describe vector graphics (sometimes
referred to as line art), contour fonts, and pixel arrays. Interpress
also includes job management features such as paper tray
selection, output offsetting, stock selection, copy count, and
page selection. You can create an Interpress master at the host
computer system or at a workstation and transfer it to the LPS.
PDL
PDL is a resident language that you use to describe the input,
logical processing, and output requirements of your print job.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Print Description
Language (PDL) Reference for more information.
Host software
There are several software packages which are resident on the
host computer system. These software packages enhance the
functionality of the LPS.
Electronic Printing Image
Construction (EPIC)
EPIC is a host-resident software package available on IBM MVS or
VM/CMS, which translates computer-generated text and graphics
into high-quality images you can print on an LPS.
A version of EPIC which is independent of the host computer
system is also available for non-IBM users. Refer to EPIC
documentation for more information. The GHO option is
required on the 4050/4450 LPS. The GVG option is required on
the 4090/4650 LPS.
3-2
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
SOFTWARE COMPONENTS
Host Forms Description Language
(HFDL)
Reference
Xerox Printer Access Facility (XPAF)
HFDL is a host-resident forms design software package available
on IBM MVS or VM, which allows you to create, change, and
merge forms with data at the host computer system for printing.
Refer to the Xerox Laser Printing System Forms Creation Guide
for more information.
XPAF enhances the capabilities and use of your LPS in an IBM
MVS/XA environment. For example, it allows you to change
printer destinations without restructuring the datastream. XPAF
accepts numerous types of datastreams, transforms and
conditions them, and then sends them to the printer you select.
To users of IBM Advanced Function Printing (AFP), XPAF appears
to be an extension of the IBM product.
Operating system
The LPS Operating System Software (OSS) is a set of programs
which allow the printing system to manage its own resources.
Xerox distributes new versions of the OSS on magnetic tapes or
floppy disks. These release media contain the following
programs:
•
New system files
•
System generation processor program you use to load and
configure new system files onto system disks
•
Concatenated version of the system files and system
generation processor you use to perform an online system
generation for your tape system
•
Patch files you use to modify the new system files for optimal
performance.
System generation
System generation, or sysgen, is the process you use to install,
upgrade or modify the OSS. There are three types of sysgens
that you can perform: mini, update, or full. Table 3-2 provides an
overview of sysgen types.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS System
Administration Guide for complete instructions for each of these
sysgens.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
3-3
SOFTWARE COMPONENTS
Table 3-2.
Sysgen types
Sysgen type
What it does . . .
Mini
Existing operating system is modified in a manner that does not
require new system file input or patching. For example, an
existing feature is deactivated or reactivated, or a specification
that is transparent to the operating system is changed.
Update
Existing operating system is upgraded to include new features
or is replaced with a new version of the system. During this
process, some or all of the existing system files on the system
disks are replaced with new files; user files are not affected.
Full
New operating system is built on empty system disks, such as
new or used disks that have been cleared and formatted prior
to system generation.
Command statements and files
You use Print Description Language (PDL) command statements
to describe data layout and provide instructions for data
placement on a page. You can use PDL command statements
whether or not you use an FDL-created form. The .JSL file
contains PDL statements which define the format of the input,
the process requirements, and the format of the printed output
you want. When you compile a .JSL file, it creates a .JDL file that
the system uses when you print your job.
Within a .JDL file, you can have one or more unique definitions
for different processing features, output formats, and tape
formats. Each set of unique definitions represents a job and is
called a JDE file or a JOB.
You must use a .JDL file when you print on the LPS. You can
request specialized printing functions using PDL statement
commands in addition to the .JDL file.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Print Description
Language (PDL) Reference, the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS
Operator Guide, and the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Forms
Creation Guide for more information.
The Operating System Software (OSS) provides several basic .JSL
files: For example, ENET.JSL is provided for printing Ethernet jobs,
ONLINE.JSL is provided for printing online jobs, XEROX.JSL is
provided for printing magnetic tape jobs, and so forth. To meet
specific application needs, you can copy and modify any OSSsupplied .JSL file.
All Xerox LPS offer the LPS Editor utility as a standard feature.
This feature allows you to create and modify program source files
such as .JSL and .FSL files.
The LPS Editor allows you to enter the program source file into
the system, thus entering forms into the system as data. You use
the Forms Description Language (FDL) commands to design
forms with the ability to use variable data.
3-4
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
SOFTWARE COMPONENTS
The FDL commands combine to create a Forms Source Library
(.FSL) file, which, when compiled, becomes a form (.FRM) file.
The PDL statement commands describe the job to the system.
You create .FRM files for use with your forms.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Forms Creation
Guide for more information.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
3-5
4.
Network connectivity
The 4050/4090/4450/4650 Laser Printing Systems (LPS) can be
connected in several environments such as IBM mainframes, DEC
minicomputers, and PC Local Area Networks (LANs). This
chapter discusses interface connections and provides a visual
overview of typical configurations within these environments.
Interface options
Several optional interfaces are available for use with the LPS.
Each interface offers different connection options.
Online
You use the online interface for all IBM systems which support
the channel-attached 3811/3211 and 4245 interface. The online
channel interface receives input directly from the host computer
system.
Offline
You can use the offline interface as an alternative to, or in
addition to, an online system. The offline interface connects any
9-track or 18-track magnetic tape which conforms to one of the
following formats:
•
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
•
Burroughs format MCP 2500 through 4700, and 6700
•
Control Data Communications (CDC) external format
•
Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) format RSX-11
•
Honeywell format OS 220/2000 and OS 600/6000 series
•
IBM formats OS/VS/370, OS/360, DOS/VS/370, or DOS
360/370
•
ICL format 2900 VME/B
•
Interpress on tape
•
NCR format Century-B1
•
Sperry/Univac Series 70 format 1100-OS standard files
•
Tape input codes ASCII, Binary Coded Decimal (BCD), and
EBCDIC
•
Univac tapes format SDF.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
4-1
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
OEM
You use the OEM interface for System Network Architecture and
Synchronous Data Link Control (SNA and SDLC) protocol and for
Binary Synchronous Communications (BSC) protocol. The 871CM and the LPS resident OEM interface work together to allow
ASCII and EBCDIC data transmission to the LPS, allowing the LPS
to print jobs from a remote IBM-compatible host computer
system. The 871-CM uses a telephone modem to eliminate the
need for a channel-attached extender unit.
Reference
Refer to the Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS System
Administration Guide and to the Xerox 871-CM System Guide for
more information on SNA, SDLC, and BSC communications.
DEC
You use the DEC interface for communication in VAX/VMS DEC
Data Communications Message Protocol (DDCMP)
environments. This interface allows communication between a
DEC VAX/VMS system and an LPS through cable or modem
connections, using Host Interface Processor (HIP) tasks. The
DEC interface supports all UNIBUS, VAX-BI, or Q-Bus based DEC
processors.
Ethernet
You use the Ethernet interface for devices connected to the
network. Ethernet is the Xerox Local Area Network (LAN) which
allows data to be transmitted by cable from one device to
another. Using the Ethernet, your LPS can receive and print
documents from other network devices such as the following:
•
Ethernet workstations, such as the Xerox 6085 can transfer
Interpress files to the LPS and can invoke LPS-stored forms
and graphics for printing.
•
Ethernet graphic scanners, such as the 7650 Pro Imager and
the 150 Graphic Input Station (GIS), can transfer scanned
graphic data, including line art and continuous tone images,
to the LPS. The LPS must have GHO/GVG to receive
digitized graphics.
Make sure you select both the communications interface and the
Ethernet interface at system generation if you are using Ethernet
communications.
IBM and compatible mainframes
IBM and IBM-compatible mainframes can be connected to an LPS
through an online direct interface, a remote interface, or a
network.
Online direct interface
The IBM direct interface, also called a channel interface, uses the
IBM 3211 or 4245 protocols as shown in figure 4-1.
4-2
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
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aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
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aaaaaa
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
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aaaaa
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
aaaaa
Figure 4-1.
IBM online direct (channel)
Laser Printing System
IBM channel
IBM or IBM-compatible mainframe
with 3211 and 4245 interface
Datastreams
Application software used with IBM and IBM-compatible hosts in
an online connection generally produces printer output in line
printer or LCDS (Xerox metacode) datastreams. For those
products that produce other datastreams, such as AFP, translators
are available that convert the output to LCDS. None of these
formats require further conversion, so a front end processor is
not necessary.
Remote interface
To connect an IBM or IBM compatible mainframe remotely, an
OEM interface and Barr/SNA Bisynchronous Communication
Module are required. In this configuration, the LPS can support
SNA/SDLC or bisynchronous protocol environments as shown in
figure 4-2.
Figure 4-2.
IBM remote interface
Laser Printing System
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aaaaa
IBM or compatible mainframe
Barr/SNA Communication Module
Datastreams
OEM interface
Application software for a mainframe in an IBM remote
connection usually outputs line printer or LCDS datastreams or
bitmapped .IMG files; these do not require further conversion.
Translators are available to convert AFP to LCDS.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
4-3
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
Network interface
An IBM or IBM-compatible mainframe may be connected to an
LPS through a LAN as shown in figure 4-3.
Ethernet LAN
This configuration requires a front end processor, such as Entire
FIBRE 400/600, that converts the Ethernet TCP/IP protocol to an
Ethernet XNS protocol.
Other LAN
If you are using a network interface other than Ethernet, such as
token ring, you need a third-party gateway to convert your
network protocol to Ethernet TCP/IP protocol. You then need a
front end processor to convert the TCP/IP protocol into XNS on
Ethernet.
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aaaaa
Figure 4-3.
IBM and IBM-compatible Ethernet interface
Ethernet LAN
Laser Printing System
IBM or IBM-compatible mainframe
Ethernet
citizens
Front end
processor
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aaaaa
Other
Datastreams
In this configuration, application output is generally in PostScript.
PostScript must be converted to a datastream format the printer
understands. The front end processor converts PostScript
datastreams to .IMG files. The front end is also needed to
convert TCP/IP to XNS.
DEC VAX and MicroVAX mainframes
An LPS connected to either a DEC VAX or MicroVAX system in
the VMS environment can be configured for either a
communications or network interface. The communications
interface may be either local or remote. See figure 4-4 for a DEC
SPMF-VMS online interface.
4-4
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
Communications interface
A DEC VAX/VMS platform can use the XPMF-VMS option to
connect to an LPS through a DEC communications interface. For
a local connection, the Xerox-supplied modem eliminator may be
used to provide a point-to-point communications link. You can
use modems to create a remote connection.
The XPMF software is installed on the host to generate DJDEs
from the DEC DCL PRINT command and accommodate the
physical linkage using the DEC DDCMP protocol.
Reference
Refer to the XPMF-VMS product literature for more details on this
interface option.
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a
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aaaaa
Figure 4-4.
DEC XPMF-VMS online interface
Laser Printing System
DEC VAX/VMS mainframe
Datastreams
In this configuration, application output is in ASCII text plus DJDE
format. No datastream conversion is required. A front end
processor is not applicable.
Network interface
A DEC VAX/VMS mainframe is connected to an LPS through an
Ethernet LAN as shown in figure 4-5. Multiple solutions are
present for this environment.
SPUR System 534: The SPUR System 534, available from the
Xerox Connection, provides network connection. It should be
noted that any VAX system utilizing TCP/IP in the VMS
environment requires the DEC TCP/IP Services for OpenVMS (or
equivalent), if it is not already present.
Xerox XNS 5.0 for VMS: If the Xerox XNS for 5.0 for the VMS
software package is used, no communications protocol
conversion is required. If XNS 5.0 is not used, then a bridge that
provides connectivity between the VAX Ethernet TCP/IP or
DECnet protocol and the selected Xerox interface is required.
Note: XNS 5.0 for VMS is limited to text printing only.
Entire 400/600: The Entire FIBRE 400/600 front end processor
serves as a bridge for TCP/IP.
FunAsset TNxxxx: In Rank Xerox, the FunAsset TNxxxx series
provides network connectivity through a DECserver 250, or
equivalent. The FunAsset interface is also capable of providing a
local or remote communications interface.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
4-5
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
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Figure 4-5.
DEC network interface
Ethernet LAN
Laser Printing System
DEC VAX/VMS mainframe
Ethernet
citizens
Front end
processor
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Other
Datastreams
In these configurations, application output can be either
Interpress, LCDS (Xerox metacode), or PostScript, depending on
the interface option selected.
The Entire FIBRE 400/600 solution converts PostScript datastreams
to .IMG files.
Other mainframes
Several non IBM-compatible mainframes may be connected to an
LPS printer through the appropriate third-party interface. More
information on third-party interfaces is available from The Xerox
Connection or your Xerox representative. Figure 4-6 shows a
mainframe in an online configuration through a third-party
interface.
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Figure 4-6.
Appropriate
third-party
interface or
converter
Mainframe in an online configuration
Laser Printing System
Non-IBM-compatible mainframe
(excluding DEC)
Datastreams
4-6
For non IBM-compatible mainframes in an online configuration,
application output is generally in line printer or LCDS (Xerox
metacode) format. No datastream conversion is required, so a
front end processor is not necessary.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
IBM PC and PC-compatible workstations
PCs can be connected to an LPS with a network connection
(Ethernet or other) or in an online configuration using third-party
interface hardware and software.
Ethernet interface
A PC may be connected to an LPS through an Ethernet Local
Area Network.
Communication protocols
Each PC on the Ethernet LAN requires its own Ethernet card. The
Ethernet TCP/IP print jobs are converted to Ethernet XNS print
jobs by the Entire FIBRE 400/600 front end.
A combination of Ethernet card and the Xerox XNS PC Plus 2.0
software package allows a PC to produce XNS protocol on
Ethernet. This configuration does not require a front end if it is
used with software applications that produce LCDS or Interpress
datastreams.
PC Ethernet interface
Laser Printing System
Ethernet LAN
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Figure 4-7.
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PC with Ethernet card
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aaaa
aaaa
aa
Front end
processor
PC with Ethernet card
Datastreams
Most of the application software running on a PC in this
configuration produces PostScript datastreams. When using
PostScript applications, a front end is required to convert the
PostScript output.
Other network interfaces
PCs may be connected to networks other than Ethernet as
shown in figure 4-8, including a token ring.
Communication protocols
Non-Ethernet networks require a communication module that can
convert to Ethernet. Generally, this type of communication
module converts the original network protocol to TCP/IP
protocol on Ethernet. This requires a front end that converts
TCP/IP to XNS.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
4-7
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
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Figure 4-8.
Communication
module
Front end
processor
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PC
Laser Printing System
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aa
Non-Ethernet LAN
PC non-Ethernet network interface
PC
Datastreams
Datastreams are handled the same as described with the Ethernet
interface above.
PC online interface
There is a third-party interface that allows a PC to be connected
directly to an LPS in an online configuration. Contact The Xerox
Connection or your Xerox representative for connectivity and
application software information for this configuration.
Macintosh workstations
Macintosh PCs are generally connected to an AppleTalk network.
They may also be configured to connect to Ethernet. The type
of LAN you use in your facility depends on the number of
Macintosh PCs you want to connect to the LPS. If you want only
a few of your Macintosh PCs to be capable of sending
documents to the LPS, then an Ethernet connection may be
more cost effective. If you have a large number of Macintosh
PCs in your facility and you require all of them to be capable of
transmitting to the printer, it is less expensive to use AppleTalk
and convert to Ethernet through a communication module.
AppleTalk network interface
The standard Macintosh LAN configuration is through AppleTalk,
as shown in figure 4-9. Most networked Macintosh PCs use
AppleTalk to communicate with a printer.
Communication protocols
4-8
The LPS does not accept input directly from an AppleTalk
network. AppleTalk must first be converted to Ethernet, so a
communication module such as Shiva’s FASTPATH is necessary.
FASTPATH converts AppleTalk communication protocols into
TCP/IP protocol on Ethernet. The TCP/IP print jobs can then be
converted into XNS print jobs by a front end processor.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
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Macintosh
Macintosh AppleTalk network interface
Laser Printing System
AppleTalk LAN
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Figure 4-9.
Front end
processor
Communication
module (Shiva
FASTPATH)
Macintosh
Datastreams
Macintosh application software that produces output for printing
produces PostScript datastreams. The front end processor
converts the PostScript output to Xerox .IMG files that can be
read by the printer.
Ethernet interface
Each Macintosh connected to the network must have its own
Ethernet card. One or a few Ethernet cards are less expensive
than the communication module needed to convert AppleTalk to
Ethernet.
You can use an Ethernet configuration to restrict printer
accessibility to a small number of Macintosh PCs at your facility
simply by installing Ethernet cards in only those few PCs you wish
to have connected to the printer.
Communication protocols
With the Ethernet card in place, output is in TCP/IP on Ethernet.
A front end processor is then required to connect TCP/IP to XNS.
Ethernet LAN
Macintosh Ethernet interface
Laser Printing System
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Figure 4-10.
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Macintosh with Ethernet card
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aaaa
aaaa
aaaa
aaaa
aaaa
Front end
processor
Macintosh with Ethernet card
Datastreams
The front end processor also converts the PostScript datastreams
output of Macintosh application software to .IMG files for
printing.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
4-9
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
Sun workstations
The Sun workstation connects to an LPS through an Ethernet
interface. The equipment needed for connectivity depends upon
the communication protocol and the datastreams used. The
workstations communicate to the LPS through the Xerox
Network System (XNS) using XNS protocols.
Ethernet with XNS protocol
Communication protocols
A Sun workstation can be configured to produce XNS protocol
output on Ethernet as shown in figure 4-11. This communication
protocol is acceptable to the LPS without conversion.
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Figure 4-11.
Sun Ethernet interface involving XNS protocol
and Interpress datastreams
Laser Printing System
Ethernet LAN
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aaa
Sun
XNS protocol and Interpress
Sun
Datastreams
If the application software you are using on your Sun produces
an Interpress datastream, then conversion is not necessary and a
front end is not required. However, if you are using an
application that produces PostScript datastreams, a front end
processor is required to convert the PostScript data into .IMG
files.
Ethernet with TCP/IP protocol
Communication protocols
4-10
If a Sun workstation is connected to an Ethernet LAN using a
TCP/IP protocol, as shown in figure 4-12, the TCP/IP must be
converted on the front end processor to XNS protocols before
the data reaches the printer.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
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aaa
Figure 4-12.
Ethernet LAN
Sun Ethernet interface involving TCP/IP protocol
or PostScript datastreams
Laser Printing System
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aaaaaaaa aaaaaaa
aaa
Sun
Front end
processor
Sun
Datastreams
A front end processor is required in this configuration to connect
TCP/IP to XNS. The front end processor also converts PostScript
datastreams to .IMG files, which is necessary if the application
software being used produces output in PostScript. If the
application software produces output in Interpress, the front end
processor connects TCP/IP to XNS and passes the Interpress
datastreams through without further conversion.
Other workstations
Workstations other than the IBM PC, Macintosh, and Sun may
also be connected to the LPS through a LAN. The connectivity
products needed depend upon the type of network used, the
communication protocols used on that network, and the
datastreams generated by the application software in use.
Ethernet interface
Several types of workstations now have Ethernet compatibility.
An Ethernet card is required for each compatible workstation you
wish to connect to the LPS.
If the workstation uses TCP/IP protocol on Ethernet, a front end
processor is required to connect TCP/IP to XNS. A front end
processor is also necessary if the application software used
produces a datastream other than Interpress or LCDS.
Refer to Figure 4-7 for an example of an Ethernet LAN interface.
Other network interfaces
If your workstations use a LAN other than Ethernet, a
communication module is necessary to convert to Ethernet. This
conversion usually produces TCP/IP on Ethernet rather than XNS
on Ethernet.
A bridge or front end processor is required to convert TCP/IP to
XNS. The front end processor is also necessary if the application
software used produces a datastream other than Interpress or
LCDS.
Refer to Figure 4-8 for an example of an interface involving a
non-Ethernet LAN.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
4-11
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
Offline connectivity for workstations
An offline interface option is available for workstations. These
interfaces require a front end processor as shown in figure 4-13.
There are several ways of loading data onto the front end
processor using magnetic media:
•
Application job is loaded directly onto an Entire front end
using a 3.5 inch UNIX disk.
•
Optional 3.5 inch DOS disk drive is also available for the
front end processor, allowing input from a DOS-formatted
3.5 inch diskette.
•
Optional tape drive allows application input from a 9-track
reel-to-reel tape and an 18-track cartridge tape.
•
Optional quarter-inch cartridge (QIC) drive allows application
input from a QIC tape.
Figure 4-13.
Offline connection through a front end
processor
Front end
processor
Laser Printing System
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9-track reel tape
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Tape drive
3.5 inch DOS diskette (through
optional DOS diskette drive)
4-12
3.5-inch UNIX diskette
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
Appendix:
LPS comparison
The Xerox 4050/4090/4650 Laser Printing System (LPS) has many
standard and optional features that distinguish it from other
Xerox laser printing systems. Although most print jobs are
interchangeable with other Xerox printers, this chapter points out
the unique qualities of the 4050/4090/4650 running Version 3.8
software. This will help you to determine if your system is
compatible with other Xerox printers at your site.
This chapter contains LPS comparison and compatibility tables.
Refer to the Xerox 4450 Mid-Range Printer Product Reference for
information on the 4450 MRP.
Processing components
System components are used each time you process a job.
Table A-1 compares the 4050/4090/4650 LPS components with
other Xerox laser printing systems.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
A-1
A-2
•
•
Multinational terminal
Control memory
• Font memory (MB)
—Expandable to (MB)
5.25 inch floppy drive
• GVG memory (MB
—Expandable to (MB)
• GHO memory (MB) (option)
• QIC tape drive (option)
• Peripheral cabinet (option)
Printer
• Rated speed (PPM)
• Output resolution (spi)
• Image size (inches)
• Duplex printing
• Sample tray capacity (sheets)
• Stacker options:
—Dual stacker (capacity per tray)
—Stitcher/stacker (sheets)
—Optional
LPS optional connections
• Online (3811/3211/4245 interface)
• Offline (9- and 18-track tape)
• 871-CM: SNA/SDLC and BSC
(OEM interface)
• BARR/SNA
• XNS (Ethernet interface)
• DMR (DEC interface)
• 850/860 Communication option
System controller
• System disk capacity (MB):
—Standard
Feature
LPS COMPARISON
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
2-170 (V3.5)
2-182 (V3.8)
2-170 (V3.5)
2-182 (V3.8)
2-380
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
2-50
Yes
512KB
64
128
Yes
32
256
8
No
No
92
300
8.6 X 14
Standard
100
750
2000
Yes
512KB
8
16
Yes
No
—
8
No
No
50
300
8.6 X 13.65
Standard
100
750
2000
2-50
Yes
Yes
4090
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
4850
750
2000
50
600
8.6 X 14
Standard
100
Yes
512KB
64
128
Yes
32
256
—
No
No
750
2000
50
300
8.62 X 14
Standard
100
Yes
512KB
32
128
Yes
32
256
—
Yes
No
2-170 (V3.5) 2-182
2-182 (V3.8)
2-170 (V3.5) 2-182 or
2-182 (V3.8) 2-380
2-380
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
4650
LPS product comparison
Yes
Yes
4050
Table A-1.
750
2000
92
300
8.62 X 14
Standard
100
500
—
72
300
8.66 X 12
Standard
25
Yes
512KB
8
16
Yes
No
—
8
No
No
2-50
2-50
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
8790
500
—
120
300
8.66 X 12
Standard
25
Yes
512KB
8
16
Yes
No
—
8
No
No
2-50
2-50
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
8790
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
No
—
135
300
17 X 14.3
Standard
100
Yes
1024KB
32
128
Yes (opt.)
32
256
No
Yes
Yes
2-182 or
2-380
3-400
Yes
512KB
64
128
Yes
32
256
—
Yes
Yes
2-182
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
4135
1-400
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
4890
50
1000
500
—
1000
1000
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
4-24
128
Yes
Yes
Yes
300
Yes
Yes
1000
500
—
1000
1000
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
4-24
128
Yes
Yes
Yes
300
Yes
Yes
4090
50
4050
Yes
Yes
6-36
128
Yes
Yes
Yes
600/300
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1000
1000
Yes
1000
500
—
50
4650
Yes
Yes
4-36
128
Yes
Yes
Yes
300
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1000
1000
Yes
1000
500
—
50
4850
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
8 X 10 to
8.5 X 14
(incl. A4)
20-110 lb.
(80-200
gsm)
Yes
Yes
Yes
4-36
128
Yes
Yes
Yes
300
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1000
1000
Yes
1000
500
—
50
4890
LPS product comparison (continued)
8 X 10 to
8 X 10 to
8 X 10 to
8 X 10 to
8.5 X 14
8.5 X 14
8.5 X 14
8.5 X 14
(incl. A4)
(incl. A4)
(incl. A4)
(incl. A4)
• Weight: Index, cut-sheet, colored,
20-110 lb. 20-110 lb. 20-110 lb. 20-110 lb.
preprinted, predrilled, or
(75-200
(75-200
(75-200
(80-200
preperforated paper
gsm)
gsm)
gsm)
gsm)
• Transparencies
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Notes: 1. Within the LPS Reference Set, spots, dots, and pixels are used interchangeably.
2. Resolution (300 spi or 600 spi) applies to both coordinate axes.
Printer (continued)
• Stitched reports maximum
• Feeder options:
—Dual feeder trays
Tray 1 (Main) capacity (sheets)
Tray 2 (Aux) capacity
—Expanded aux tray
—High-capacity feeder (HCF)
Tray 3 capacity (sheets)
Tray 4 capacity (sheets)
• Bypass transport (option)
Forms
• Electronically created and stored
• Page-to-page changeability
• Preprinted forms
Fonts
• Proportional or fixed spaced
• Multinational character set
• Standard character sizes (pt)
• Max. number of fonts per page
• Downloadable from host
• Floppy disk loadable
• Magnetic tape loadable
• Resolution (spi)
• Logo and signature fonts
• Character-to-character selectable
Paper
• Variable paper sizes (inches)
Feature
Table A-1.
8 X 10 to
11 X 17
(incl. A4)
16-110 lb.
(60-200
gsm)
Yes
Yes
Yes
3-36
128
Yes
Yes (opt.)
Yes
300 ppi
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
2600
2600
No
1100
600
—
—
4135
8.5 X 11,
8.5 X 14
or A4
16-110 lb.
(60-200
gsm)
Yes
Yes
Yes
4-24
95
Yes
Yes
No
300
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
—
—
No
2500
500
2500
—
8790
8.5 X 11,
8.5 X 14
or A4
16-110 lb.
(60-200
gsm)
Yes
Yes
Yes
4-24
95
Yes
Yes (opt.)
No
300
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
—
—
No
2500
500
2500
—
8790
A-3
LPS COMPARISON
LPS COMPARISON
Paper sizes and special stocks
If your job requires a particular paper size, make sure your LPS is
capable of handling it. Table A-2 identifies the paper sizes for
several Xerox laser printing systems.
Table A-2.
LPS paper handling capabilities
Laser Printing System
Paper Size
(Inches)
8.5 by 11
4135
4050/
4090/
4450/
4650
4850/
4890
9790
8790
•
•
•
•
•
**
**
8.27 by 10.63
8.27 by 11.69/A4
•
•
•
•
8.27 by 13
•
8.37 by 10.78
•
5.83 by 8.27/A5
•
6.93 by 9.84/B5
*
7 by 12
8 by 13
•
8.5 by 5.5
•
•
8.5 by 10.75
•
8.5 x 12.4
•
8.5 by 13
•
8.5 by 14
•
•
•
8 by 10
A-4
•
8 by 10.5
•
11 by 17
•
11.69 by 16.54/A3
•
*
**
•
•
With variable paper size option.
Available as standard on international version.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
LPS COMPARISON
If your job requires specialty paper, make sure the 4890 LPS is
capable of handling it. Table A-3 identifies the type of specialty
paper and stock for several laser printing systems.
Table A-3.
Speciality paper and stock
Laser Printing System
4135
4050/
4090/
4450/
4650
4850/
4890
9790
8790
Card stock (up to 110 lb.)
•
•
•
•
•
Divider stock (65 pound)
•
•
•
•
•
Index stock (90 pound)
•
•
•
•
•
Image Series Elite (20 lb.)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Specialty paper or stock
Edge reinforced 3-hole
Carbonless paper
•
Antique parchment (24 lb.)
•
•
•
Envelopes
*
Labels (self adhesive)
•
•
•
•
Labels (high speed)
•
•
•
•
•
Perforated
•
$
•
•
•
Predrilled
•
•
•
•
•
Preprinted
•
$
•
•
•
Tinted
•
•
•
•
•
Transparencies
•
•
**
**
•
Zero Solvent Vellum (20 lb.)
•
•
•
•
•
Never-Tear paper
•
•
•
•
•
*
**
$
With Special Materials Feeder.
High-speed paper-backed transparencies only.
CAUTION: Please read all special instructions for 4050, 4650, and 4090 in the
Xerox 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS Operator Guide before using this stock.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
A-5
LPS COMPARISON
Print resolution considerations
Since laser printing systems have different print resolution
capabilities, it is important to know the print resolution
functionality of your LPS and of the LPS on which the job was
created. Table A-4 illustrates the print resolution functions of
several laser printing systems.
Note: 600 dpi jobs can be created and compiled on an LPS only
if 600 dpi fonts are loaded. Likewise, 300-dpi jobs can be
created and compiled on an LPS only if 300-dpi fonts are loaded.
Table A-4.
Print resolution of print jobs created or printed
on LPS
Laser printing system
Print resolution
functionality
4135
Creates and prints 300-dpi jobs.
Creates 300-dpi jobs but prints 300dpi jobs in 600-dpi resolution.
4050
4450
•
•
•
4090
4850/
4890
9790
8790
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Creates and prints 600-dpi jobs.
•
Creates but does not print
600-dpi jobs.
•
Creates but does not print
300-dpi jobs.
•
A-6
4650
•
•
•
•
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
Glossary
A3
International paper size measuring 297 by 420 mm or 11.69 by
16.54 inches.
A4
International paper size measuring 210 by 297 mm or 8.27 by
11.69 inches.
B4
International paper size measuring 250 by 353 mm or 9.84 by
13.9 inches.
batch processing
BCD
Process that allows for repetitive operations to be performed
sequentially on batched data without much involvement from the
computer operator.
Binary coded decimal.
bitmap
Visual representation of graphic images in which a bit defines a
picture element (pixel) and a matrix of bits defines an image. For
example, if a bit is 1, the corresponding pixel is printed.
blocking
Process of combining two or more records into a single block of
data which can moved, operated upon, stored, and so on, as a
single unit by the computer.
block length
Number of characters or bytes contained in a block of data (the
block is treated as a unit within the computer). Block length is
usually invariable within a system and may be specified in units
such as records, words, computer words, or characters.
BOF
Bottom-of-form.
BOT
Beginning-of-tape.
bpi
Bits per inch.
CCID
Character Code Identifier. Code associated with the universal
identifier “Xerox” to indicate the version of the Xerox character
code standard used to code Interpress strings.
character set
Set of all characters defined in a font, including alphabetic,
numeric, and special characters such as symbols.
cluster
Group of related feeder trays, usually containing the same size
and type of paper (stock). Each cluster has a name, consisting of
one to six alphanumeric characters.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY-1
GLOSSARY
CME
Entry modifying the output printing characteristics of a report on
a copy-to-copy basis.
compiler
Software that translates instructions written in high-level language
into machine language for execution by a system.
Copy Modification Entry
copy-sensitive
cpi
Characters per inch.
Value assigned to a field by the system if no input is received
from the operator. You can change the default value of a field.
DJDE
Dynamic Job Descriptor Entry. Command within an input data
stream used to modify the printing environment dynamically.
dot
Picture element (pixel) imaged by a printer. The number of dots
imaged per inch measures printer resolution, for example, 300
dots per mich (dpi). See also spot.
dpi
Dots per inch. Indicates the number of dots per inch displayed
on a terminal screen or printed to form a character or graphic.
dry ink
Minute particles of resin and carbon black that can accept an
electrical charge and create images. Resin and carbon black or
color pigment toner are combined with developer to form the
dry ink.
duplex
1. Ability of a data communications system to send and receive
information simultaneously. 2. In printing, duplex means printing
on both sides of the paper.
edgemarking
blanks
ENET
EOT
Ethernet
GLOSSARY-2
Job in which multiple copies of a report contain different data,
such as paychecks and banking statements.
default
Dynamic Job Descriptor Entry
embedded
See CME.
See DJDE.
Use of graphic objects (usually lines or boxes) that bleed off the
edge of the physical page. See also physical page.
Blank spaces within a command line.
Ethernet network.
End of tape.
Xerox local area network (LAN) that allows transmission of data
by cable from one device to another.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY
FCB
Forms Control Buffer.
output.
FCP
File Control Parameter.
FCU
File Conversion Utility.
FDL
Forms Description language. LPS-resident source language used
to design electronic forms. See also FSL and form.
FDR
File directory.
FIS
floating accent
font
Font Interchange Standard
form
Font Interchange Standard. Defines the digital representation of
fonts and character metrics for the generation of an entire series
of Interpress fonts.
Nonspacing accent characters that can
characters and printed as a composite.
with
1. Compiled .FSL file. 2. Specific arrangement of lines, text, and
graphics stored in an electronic version. Forms can be printed
without variable data or merged with variable data during the
printing process. See also FDL and FSL.
Forms Description Language
See FDL.
Forms Source Library
See FSL.
Forms Source Library.
Uncompiled collection of user-created
files containing FDL commands. See also FDL and form.
GHO
Graphics Handling Option.
GVG
Graphics Video Generator.
highlight color
combined
See FIS.
See FCB.
hexadecimal
be
Complete set of characters of a particular font family having the
same point size, weight, stress, and orientation.
Forms Control Buffer
FSL
Controls the vertical format of printed
Numbering system with a base of 16.
15 are represented by A through F.
The numbers 10 through
Printing with black plus another color. A range of colors, tints,
and shades is printed by varying the percentage of black dots,
colored dots, and the white space between the dots.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY-3
GLOSSARY
HIP
image area
Area on a physical page that may contain text or graphics.
initialize
1. To prepare a blank diskette so it can accept data. This is
usually accomplished when a program is booted. 2. To set all
information in a computer system to its starting values.
Interpress
Industry-standard page description language developed by Xerox.
Interpress documents can be printed on any sufficiently powerful
printer equipped with Interpress print software.
JCB
Job Control Block.
JCL
Job Control Language.
JDE
Job Descriptor Entry. Collection of job descriptions.
JDL
Job Description Library.
See also JSL.
JID
Job Identifier.
job
Synonymous with a START command, a job is a group of print
data sets called reports. A job may contain one or multiple
reports.
job control
Program called into storage to prepare each job or job step to
be run.
Job Descriptor Entry
See JDE.
Job Descriptor Library
See JDL.
job
management
Job Source Library
JSL
keyword
label
landscape
GLOSSARY-4
Host Interface Processor.
Collection of compiled job descriptions.
Collective functions of job scheduling and command processing.
See JSL.
Job Source Library. Collection of uncompiled job descriptions.
See also JDE and JDL.
Required part of a command.
Reference to a file saved on tape or disk, a record indicating the
file name or date created, or other control information.
Orientation in which text and images are positioned parallel to
the long edge of the paper.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY
legal size
letter size
Paper size measuring 8.5 by 14 inches or 216 by 356 mm.
Paper size measuring 8.5 by 11 inches or 216 by 279 mm.
line feed
Control character that (unless set to be interpreted as a line end)
causes the printing system to begin printing in the current
character position of the next line.
literal
Alphanumeric character beginning with a letter, including an
asterisk, period, colon, or slash, and not enclosed in single
quotes.
logical page
In Xerox printing systems, a logical page is a formatted page that
is smaller than the physical page. A logical page is defined by an
origin, thus allowing more than one logical page to be placed on
a physical page.
lpi
LPS
Lines per inch.
Laser printing system.
mask
Selection of bits from a storage unit by use of an instruction that
eliminates the other bits in the unit. In accessing files, a file
name mask is used to reference one or more files with similar
file-id (identifier) syntax.
In Interpress, a mask serves as a
template, indicating the shape and position of an object on a
page.
metacode
Method of controlling the image generator.
The character
dispatcher uses these codes to generate scan line information.
This information is sent in the form of character specifications to
the image generator, which uses it to compose the bit stream
that modulates the laser. Also called native mode.
monochrome
nesting
object file
octal
Printing in one color only.
Subroutine or set of data, such as a comment, contained
sequentially within another set of data.
Source file converted into machine language (binary code).
System of representing numbers based on 8.
offset
To place printed output sets in slightly different positions from
each other in an output bin for easy separation of collated sets.
operand
That which is acted upon, for example, data, in an operation or
process.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY-5
GLOSSARY
operating
system
Software that controls the low-level tasks in a computer system,
such as input or output and memory management.
The
operating system is always running when the computer is active.
orientation
In reference to image area, describes whether the printed lines
are parallel to the long edge of the paper (landscape) or the
short edge of the paper (portrait).
origin
overprint ratio
packet
page end
palette
parameter
parse
Maximum number of variable data and form characters that can
be intersected by a single scan line.
A group of DJDE records terminated by an END command.
Command character (form feed) to terminate the current page.
Predefined set of colors or inks. Different versions are provided
with the printer and with host- or PC-based application software.
Part of a command, other than the keyword. See keyword.
To read or interpret a command; to build up a parameter list
from information within a command.
PCC
Printer Carriage Control.
PDE
Page Description Entry.
PDL
Print Description Language. Language used to describe printing
jobs to a laser printing system. PDL describes the input (type,
format, characteristics), performs the processing functions
(logical processing), and describes the output (type, format, font
selection, accounting options).
PE
physical page
GLOSSARY-6
In reference to image area, the upper left corner of a sheet.
Phase encoded.
Actual page size your printer uses to print a form.
pitch
Width of a fixed-pitch font expressed in characters per horizontal
inch.
pixel
Acronym for picture element. Smallest addressable point of a
bitmapped screen that can be independently assigned color and
intensity.
point
In Xerox laser printing systems, a unit of measurement equal to
0.0139 inch. Points are always used to express type, size, and
leading. There are 12 points to a pica and about 72 points to an
inch.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY
portrait
ppm
Print Description Language
print file
PSC
query
Pages per minute.
See PDL.
Portion of the system disk memory (up to 4 MB) reserved for
temporary storage of formatted pages for printing. Pages are
retained until they are delivered to the output tray.
Printer Subsystem Controller
Request for data or other information, entered by an operator
while the system is processing.
record
A line of data as defined in the RECORD command.
report
A single output data set, delimited by an RSTACK command or as
a file. In setting a separation boundary, reports are subsets of a
job.
resolution
scale
sequential
set
simplex
Orientation in which text and images are positioned parallel to
the short edge of the paper.
printing
spi
spot
statement
stock
stockset
Number of dots per inch (dpi) or spots per inch (spi). The
greater the number of dots, the higher the resolution and the
clearer the image.
The terms dots, spots, and pixels are
synonymous.
To adjust font or image size according to given proportions.
1. In numeric sequence, usually in ascending order. 2. A file
structure in which records are written one after another and
cannot be randomly accessed.
Multiple copies of the same report.
Printing on one side of the page.
Spots per inch. See resolution.
A picture element imaged by the printer.
and pixel.
Synonymous with dot
Detailed instructions in a program step, written according to
specific rules called syntax.
User-defined name in the JSL that specifies a certain type of
paper for printing a job.
Collection of stocks to be used on a print job. See also stock.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
GLOSSARY-7
GLOSSARY
string
Connected sequence of alphanumeric characters treated as one
unit of data by a program.
syntax
Rules governing the structure of expressions in a programming
language.
system page
Maximum area in which text and graphics can be imaged on a
printing system.
tape density
Expression of the format of a magnetic tape measured in number
of bytes that can be stored per inch of tape.
TOF
two-up
UCSB
UCS
variable data
virtual page
vpos
Printing two logical pages on one side of a physical page.
Universal Character Set Buffer.
Universal Character Set
Changeable information which is merged with a standard
document to create specialized or personalized versions of that
document. Variable data is not a part of a form design, but
varies from page to page.
Page area selected by a forms designer for printing.
Vertical positioning.
wildcard
Character (usually an asterisk *) which can be inserted into a
command string to indicate that it may represent one or more
characters in that position.
xdot
Unit of measurement representing a fraction of an inch. May
also be referred to as a picture element (pixel) or spot; for
example, 1/600 spots per inch (spi).
mode
Either of two possible printer configurations: 1. Black mode
which allows printing with black dry ink only. 2. Highlight mode
which enables both highlight color and black printing.
xerographic
XNS
XPAF, XPF
GLOSSARY-8
Top of form.
Xerox Network Systems.
Xerox Printer Access Facility.
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
Index
Numerals
9-track magnetic tape drive, see system controller
options
18-track 180 cartridge tape system, see system
controller options
4245 emulation, 1-2
A
audible tone, 2-8
B
bypass transport, see configuration
C
command statements and files, 3-4
comparison, LPS, A-2 to A-6
compatibility, LPS, 1-2, 1-4
configuration,
bypass transport, 2-11
dual stacker, 2-9, 2-14
high capacity feeder, 2-10
high capacity stitcher / stacker, 2-9, 2-14
control subsystem, 2-12
D
data
sources, 1-6
types, 1-7
DEC
communications interface, 4-5
mainframes, 4-4
network interface, 4-5
diagnostic software, 3-1
digital interface, 2-12, 4-2
disk
floppy drive, 2-4
system, see system disk
dual stacker, see configuration
duplex printing, 2-13
E
electronic printing, 1-2
Electronic Printing Image Construction, see EPIC
EPIC, 3-2
ethernet interface, 2-12, 4-2, 4-7 to 4-11
executive, print, 3-1
F
FDL, 3-1, 3-2
features, 1-2
feeder trays, alternate, 2-13
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE
file management subsystem, 3-1
fonts, 1-4, 1-6, A-3
font editor, 3-1
forms, 1-4, A-3
Forms Description Language, see FDL
Forms Source Library, see FSL
FSL, 3-5
G
graphics, 1-5, 2-2
H
HFDL, 3-3
high capacity feeder, see configuration
high capacity stitcher/stacker, see configuration
HIP, 3-1
Host Forms Description Language, see HFDL
Host Interface Processor, see HIP
host software,
EPIC, 3-2
HFDL, 3-3
XPAF, 3-3
I
IBM
compatible mainframes, 4-2
network interface, 4-4
online direct interface, 4-2
remote interface, 4-3
PC, 4-7
PC compatible workstations, 4-7
imaging subsystem, 2-13
input
sources, 1-8 to 1-9, 2-12
processor, 3-1
instruction labels, 2-8
Interpress, 3-2
decomposer, 3-1
L
language button, 2-8
languages, resident, 1-5
M
Macintosh workstations, 4-8 to 4-9
memory, 1-5
font, 2-1
INDEX-1
INDEX
O
OEM interface, 2-12, 4-2
offline
connectivity, 4-12
interface, 2-12, 4-1
online interface, 2-12, 4-1
operating system software, 3-1, 3-3
output, 1-4, 1-10
processor, 3-1
subsystem, 2-13
P
paper handling, 1-3, A-3 to A-5
PDL, 1-5, 3-1, 3-2
Print Description Language, see PDL
print
format, 1-4
resolution, A-6
printer
comparison, A-2 to A-3
components, 2-6 to 2-7
control console, 2-7 to 2-8
processing, special features, 1-9 to 1-10
production process, 1-7
S
sample pages, 2-14
simplex printing, 2-13
software, 1-5
Sun workstations, 4-10 to 4-11
system controller, 2-3, A-2
control panel, 2-4
options, 2-5 to 2-6
system
disk, 2-1, 2-4
generation, 3-3 to 3-4
T
terminal, 2-4
text editor, 3-1
U
utities, 3-1
X
xerographic subsystem, 2-13
Xerox Printer Access Facility, see XPAF
XPAF, 3-3
INDEX-2
XEROX 4050/4090/4450/4650 LPS PRODUCT REFERENCE