Service manual | Agilent Technologies 8472B Projection Television User Manual

8472B
Crystal Detector
Operating and Service
Manual
Part number: 08472-90022
Printed in USA
Print Date: May 2001
Supersedes: April 1999
Notice
The information contained in this document is subject to change without
notice.
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shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for incidental or
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Agilent Technologies Inc.
Santa Rosa Systems Division
1400 Fountaingrove Parkway
Santa Rosa, CA 95403-1799, U.S.A.
© Copyright 1999, 2001
Agilent Technologies Inc.
ii 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Warranty
Certification
Agilent Technologies certifies that this product met its published specifications at the time of
shipment from the factory. Agilent Technologies further certifies that its calibration
measurements are traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST, formerly NBS), to the extent allowed by the Institute’s calibration facility,
and to the calibration facilities of other International Standards Organization members.
Warranty
This Agilent Technologies system product is warranted against defects in
materials and workmanship for a period corresponding to the individual
warranty periods of its component products. Instruments are warranted for a
period of one year. During the warranty period, Agilent Technologies will, at
its option, either repair or replace products that prove to be defective.
Warranty service for products installed by Agilent and certain other products
designated by Agilent will be performed at Buyer’s facility at no charge
within Agilent service travel areas. Outside Agilent service travel areas,
warranty service will be performed at Buyer’s facility only upon Agilent’s
prior agreement and Buyer shall pay Agilent’s round trip travel expenses. In
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Agilent.
For products returned to Agilent for warranty service, Buyer shall prepay
shipping charges to Agilent and Agilent shall pay shipping charges to return
the product to Buyer. However, Buyer shall pay all shipping charges, duties,
and taxes for products returned to Agilent from another country.
Agilent warrants that its software and firmware designated by Agilent for
use with an instrument will execute its programming instructions when
properly installed on that instrument. Agilent does not warrant that the
operation of the instrument, or software, or firmware will be uninterrupted or
error free.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY. The foregoing warranty shall not apply
to defects resulting from improper or inadequate maintenance by Buyer,
Buyer-supplied software or interfacing, unauthorized modification or
misuse, operation outside of the environmental specifications for the
product, or improper site preparation or maintenance.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. AGILENT
SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES. THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN ARE
BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES. AGILENT SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL,
8472B Operating and Service Manual iii
INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER BASED
ON CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
Assistance
Product maintenance agreements and other customer assistance agreements
are available for Agilent Technologies products.
For assistance, call your local Agilent Technologies Sales and Service Office
(refer to “Service and Support” on page v).
iv 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Service and Support
By internet, phone, or fax, get assistance with all your test and measurement needs.
Online assistance: www.agilent.com/find/assist
United States
(tel) 1 800 452 4844
Latin America
(tel) (305) 269 7500
(fax) (305) 269 7599
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(tel) 1 877 894 4414
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Country
Phone Number
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Only)
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People’s Republic of
China
800-810-0189 (preferred)
10800-650-0021
10800-650-0121
India
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000-800-650-1101
Any adjustment, maintenance, or repair of this product must be performed
by qualified personnel. Contact your customer engineer through your local
Agilent Service Center. If you do not have access to the Internet, one of these
Agilent centers can direct you to your nearest Agilent representative:
8472B Operating and Service Manual v
Safety and Regulatory Information
Review this product and related documentation to familiarize yourself with
safety marking and instructions before you operate the instrument. This
product has been designed and tested in accordance with international
standards.
WARNING
The WARNING notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure,
practice, or the like, that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in personal injury. Do not proceed beyond a WARNING notice until the
indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
CAUTION
The CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like, which, if not correctly performed or adhered
to, could result in damage to the product or loss of important data. Do not
proceed beyond a CAUTION notice until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
Instrument Markings
!
When you see this symbol on your instrument, you should refer to the instrument’s
instruction manual for important information.
This symbol indicates hazardous voltages.
The laser radiation symbol is marked on products that have a laser output.
This symbol indicates that the instrument requires alternating current (ac) input.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European Community. If it is
accompanied by a year, it indicates the year the design was proven.
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the Canadian Standards Association.
1SM1-A
This text indicates that the instrument is an Industrial Scientific and Medical Group 1
Class A product (CISPER 11, Clause 4).
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is ON.
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is OFF or in STANDBY position.
vi 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Contents
Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Restricted Rights Legend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Service and Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Safety and Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Initial Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Storage and Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Operating Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Operator’s Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Peak Power Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Reflectometer Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Harmony Frequency Comparison Measurement Application . . . . 6
Performance Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Frequency Response Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Higher Level Sensitivity Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Low Level Sensitivity Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Match Test (SWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Service Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Repair and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Detector Element Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8472B Operating and Service Manual Contents 1
Description
Description
The 8472B crystal detector is a 50 Ω (nominal) device designed for
measurement use in coaxial systems.
Features
Options
Mating Connectors
CAUTION
•
The instrument converts RF power levels applied to the 50 Ω input
connector into proportional values of dc voltage.
•
The instrument measures relative power up to 200 mW and has a BNC
female connector for the output jack which allows the detected output to
be connected to a SWR meter.
•
•
The output voltage polarity is negative, unless Option 003 is selected.
The frequency range of the detector is 10 MHz to 18 GHz.
The 8472B crystal detector is available with the following options. Refer to
Table 1 for further descriptions.
Option 001:
Matched pair of detectors
Option 002:
Optimum square law load
Option 003:
Positive polarity output
Option 100:
Female OSSM type output connector
•
The mating output connector used with the crystal detector must be a
male BNC connector for the standard output connector or an OSSM
male connector for Option 100.
•
The mating RF input connector must be a female SMA connector.
SMA connectors have a limited life in applications that require repeated
connecting and disconnecting. In-series adapters should be used for such
applications.
8472B Operating and Service Manual 1
Installation
Installation
Initial Inspection
1. Inspect the shipping container for damage. If the shipping container or
cushioning material is damaged, it should be kept until the contents of
the shipment have been checked for completeness and the instrument
has been checked mechanically and electrically. Procedures for checking
electrical performance are given under Performance Tests.
2. If the contents are incomplete, if there is mechanical damage or defect,
or if the instrument does not pass the electrical performance test, contact
the nearest Agilent Technologies office. Refer to “Service and Support”
on page v. Agilent Technologies will arrange for repair or replacement
of the damaged or defective equipment. Keep the shipping materials for
the carrier’s inspection.
3. If you are returning the instrument for service, repackaging the
instrument requires original shipping containers and materials or their
equivalents. Agilent Technologies can provide packaging materials
identical to the original materials. Refer to “Service and Support” on
page v. Attach a tag indicating the type of service required, return
address, model number and serial number. Mark the container
FRAGILE to insure careful handling. In any correspondence, refer to
the instrument by model number and serial number.
Storage and Shipment
The instrument should be stored in a clean, dry environment. The following
environmental limitations apply to both storage and shipment:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Temperature:
Altitude
Humidity
Shock
Vibration
−54 C to +85 °C
< 7620 meters (25,000 feet)
< 95% relative
100 G for 11 ms
20 G from 80 to 2000 Hz
2 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Specifications
Specifications
Specifications are performance standards or limits against which the
detectors are tested.
Table 1
Specifications
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 18 GHz
Note: RF may leak through the output connector below 1 GHz. It can be
reduced, if objectionable, with a suitable low pass filter.
Frequency Response:
1, 2, 4
Octave flatness:
±0.2 dB over any octave 10 MHz to 8 GHz
Broadband flatness:
±0.3 dB 10 MHz to 12.4 GHz
±0.5 dB 10 MHz to 15 GHz
±0.6 dB 10 MHz to 18 GHz
SWR1,2 (Max):
10 MHz to 4.5 GHz, 1.2
Options:
Option 001:
Matched detector pair. Frequency response characteristics
(exclusive of basic sensitivity) track within ±0.2 dB from 10 MHz to
12.4 GHz, ±0.3 dB from 12.4 GHz to 18 GHz.
Option 002:
Furnished with matched load resistor for optimum square law
characteristics of 25 °C, within ±0.5 dB from square law over a
range of at least 30 dB up to 10 mV peak output, working into an
external load > 8 k Ω. Sensitivity typically is greater than
0.1 mV/µW when load resistor is used.
Option 003:
Positive polarity output
Option 100:
Female OSSM-type output connector
4.5 GHz to 7.0 GHz, 1.35
7.0 GHz to 12.4 GHz, 1.50
12.4 GHz to 18 GHz, 1.70
Maximum Operating Input Power:
200 mW, peak or average
Maximum Short Term Input Power:
1 watt (typical) peak or average for < 1 minute
Sensitivity:1, 3, 4
High level: < 0.35 mW produces 100 mV output
Low level: > 0.5 mVdc/µW CW
Environmental:
Operating temperature: −20 to +85 °C
Humidity: < 95% relative
Vibration: 20 G from 80 to 2000 Hz
Shock: 100 G for 11 ms
Altitude: < 4570 meters (15,000 feet)
General:
Weight: Net 57 g (2 oz.)
Dimensions: 64 mm long, 14 mm diameter
(2.50 in. long, 0.56 in. diameter)
Input Impedance: 50 Ω (nominal)
Output Impedance:2 1 to 2 k Ω (typically 1.3 k Ω) shunted by
40 to 60 pF (typically 50 pF).
Output Polarity: Negative (refer to Options for positive polarity units).
Detector Element: Supplied (refer to Table 2 for replacement elements)
Bias: Not required
Noise: < 50 µVpp with CW applied to produce 100 mV output,
400 kHz bandwidth.
1. Specifications given for +25° C unless otherwise noted
2. Measurement made at −20 dBm
3. Sensitivity decreases with increasing temperature, typically:
0.5 dB from −20 to +25 °C;
0.5 dB from +25 to +40 °C;
1 dB from +40 to +55 °C;
1.25 dB from +55 to +75 °C;
1 dB from +75 to +85 °C.
4. External load resistance > 50 k Ω
8472B Operating and Service Manual 3
Operating Information
Operating Information
The crystal detector can be used as a demodulator to obtain a pulse envelope
which can then be observed on an oscilloscope. It can also be used as a
general purpose detector.
CAUTION
•
Static discharge can damage the detector element. A 100 pF capacitor
(1.2 m [4 ft] of coax cable) charged to 14 volts stores .1 erg, the
maximum pulse rating of the detector element.
•
Connect cables to test equipment and discharge the center conductor
before you connect to the detector.
•
DO NOT NEEDLESSLY HANDLE THE DETECTOR ELEMENT
USED IN CRYSTAL DETECTOR. Static electricity which builds up on
a person, especially on a cold dry day, must never be allowed to
discharge through the crystal detector.
•
Avoid exposed leads to or from the crystal detector, since these are often
touched accidentally.
The power applied to the detector can be either modulated or continuous
wave (CW). If modulated at a 1000 Hz rate, a SWR meter can be used as an
indicator. For CW detection, a dc milliammeter or millivoltmeter can be used
as the indicator.
NOTE
When using the crystal detector with an oscilloscope, and the waveshapes to
be observed have rise times of less than 5µs, the coaxial cable connecting
oscilloscope and detector should be as short as possible and shunted with a
resistor.
Ideally, this resistor should be 50 Ω to terminate the coaxial cable properly.
However, with 50 Ω resistance, the output video pulse may be too small to
drive some oscilloscopes. Therefore, the cable should be shunted with the
smallest value of resistance that will obtain suitable deflection on the
oscilloscope; typically the value will lie between 50 Ω and 2 k Ω. The larger
the resistance, the more degradation of rise time.
4 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Operating Information
Operator’s Checks
Peak Power Measurement
The procedure for peak power measurement involves calibration of an
oscilloscope which, in turn, is used to calibrate a CW generator. The output
of the calibrated CW generator is measured with a power meter and thereby
the peak power of a pulse is measured.
Refer to Figure 1 for the equipment setup in the steps referenced below.
1. Measure the output amplitude resulting from the pulse.
a. Connect equipment as shown in Figure 1, step A.
b. Observe the pulse on a de-coupled oscilloscope.
c. Using a marking pencil, mark on the graticule the base-to-peak
amplitude of the pulse envelope.
2. Match the output amplitude to the CW source power.
a. Replace the pulse source with a CW generator.
b. While observing the oscilloscope trace, adjust the amplitude of CW
generator output to make the detector’s output equal to that of the
pulse generator, as indicated by markings on the graticule (step A).
3. Measure the output power from the CW source.
a. Leave the CW generator at the setting obtained in step B.
b. Disconnect the detector from CW generator.
c. Connect the output of CW generator to the power meter (step C).
d. Measure the adjusted levels (set in step B) of the CW generator
output. The peak power of the pulse envelope observed in step A is
equal to the output power of the CW generator.
Figure 1
Peak Power Measurement
8472B Operating and Service Manual 5
Operating Information
Reflectometer Application
For information about reflectometer systems and measurements refer to
Agilent Technologies Application Note Index. Copies are available upon
request.
Harmony Frequency Comparison Measurement Application
The detector can be used as a mixer in harmonic-frequency comparison
measurements. Refer to Agilent Technologies Application Note Index for
further information.
6 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Performance Tests
Performance Tests
Methods for testing detector specifications are given below. Refer to the
manuals of the equipment involved for specific operating instructions.
NOTE
Multiple mismatch errors caused by attenuator SWR, power meter SWR,
and detector SWR should be taken into account, as well as the accuracy of
the indicator used to measure the detector’s output.
Frequency
Response Test
1. Using signal sources covering 10 MHz to 18 GHz with a 10 dB isolating
attenuator and a power meter, connect the power sensor to the attenuator.
Adjust the CW RF power level to −20 dBm input to the power sensor.
2. Without changing the RF power level of signal source, disconnect the
power sensor.
3. Connect the detector to the attenuator. Measure the dc voltage output
and record the measurement.
4. Change the frequency of the signal source and repeat steps 1 through 3.
5. Since the detector follows a square-law response at this power level, its
output is proportional to power (PdB = 10 log Vo). Total variation of
detector readings should meet specifications (refer to Table 1) for all
frequencies of interest across the band.
Higher Level
Sensitivity Test
1. Using signal sources covering 10 MHz to 18 GHz and a dc voltmeter or
oscilloscope as the indicator, connect the detector to the signal source.
Adjust the RF power level for a 100 mV detected output from the
detector, using a CW signal.
2. Disconnect the detector from the signal source and measure the RF
output level. The RF output level should be ≤ 0.35 mW.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 for all frequencies of interest across the band.
Low Level
Sensitivity Test
1. Using a signal source (covering 10 MHz to 18 GHz), a 10 dB attenuator,
and a power meter, connect the attenuator to the signal source and power
sensor to the attenuator. Adjust the RF power level for −20 dBm output
from the attenuator. Verify the ambient temperature.
2. Disconnect the power sensor from the attenuator and connect the
detector. Measure the dc voltage output from the detector. The output
should be > 5.0 mV at 25× °C. Between 20× °C and 30× °C the
sensitivity slope is typically −0.04 dB/× °C.
Match Test (SWR)
1. To verify the detector’s SWR specifications, use any system whose
measurement accuracies for SWR (residual SWR) are known.
8472B Operating and Service Manual 7
Service Instructions
Service Instructions
Repair and
Replacement
Repair and replacement information for the 8472B crystal detector are given
below. For additional maintenance information, refer to “Service and
Support” on page v for the nearest Agilent Technologies Sales and Service
office.
The detectors have no internal adjustments.
Replaceable Parts
Part numbers for replaceable parts are given in Table 2. To order a
replacement part, address your order or inquiry to the nearest Agilent
Technologies office. Include the model number, Agilent Technologies part
number, and a description.
Detector Element
Replacement
The detector element assembly includes only a detector element. All other
internal parts are to be retained for re-use in the detector.
Read the following precautions carefully before performing any operation
with the detector element when it is out of either the housing or the detector
element shipping container.
CAUTION
•
Before installing the diode into the mount, touch the exposed metal on
the mount with your hand to discharge static electricity.
•
When handing the diode to another person, first touch hands to ensure
that there is no difference in static electricity potential between you.
•
Ohmmeters should not be used to measure forward- and back-resistance
since it is easy to damage these diodes. The ohmmeter’s open-circuit
voltages and short-circuit currents may cause problems.
Parts mentioned in the following procedure are identified in Figures 2 and 3
on page 10.
1. Remove the female BNC connector and compression spring from inside
of the connector cap.
2. Remove the connector cap from the body. Use a pair of pliers with
plastic jaws or protect the body with heavy paper or tape.
8 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Service Instructions
CAUTION
•
•
•
Do not rotate the detector element while inserting or removing as
damage may result.
The detector element might be damaged if the detector element is not
centered.
When inserting the detector element, do not force the large pin end into
the center conductor.
3. Remove the old detector element and the polyiron washer. Discard the
detector element.
4. Install the RF adapter washer, polyiron ring, axial spacer, and new
detector element. Refer to Figures 2 and 3 for the proper orientation for
the internal components.
a. Insert the RF washer first with the large step on the washer facing
toward the crystal mount body and the small step on the washer
facing toward the detector element.
b. Carefully insert the large pin end of the detector element into the
center contact inside the detector body.
c. Place the polyiron ring and the axial spacer over the small pin end of
the detector element. The polyiron ring fits into the axial spacer.
5. Carefully place the connector cap over the body and assembled
components and tighten firmly in place.
6. Place the compression spring into the center conductor of the female
BNC or OSSM connector. Carefully start the spring over the small pin of
the detector element through the hole in the connector cap. Keep the
spring in the center connector and screw the female connector firmly
into place.
8472B Operating and Service Manual 9
Service Instructions
Figure 2
8472B Crystal Detector Assembly
Figure 3
8472B Option 100 Crystal Detector Assembly
10 8472B Operating and Service Manual
Service Instructions
Table 2
Replaceable Parts
Description
Part Number
8472B and 8472B, Option 100 Assemblies1
Connector, SMA male
1250-0683
Connector, OSSM female (Option 100)
1250-0924
Spring, compression
1460-0072
Washer, lock internal
2190-0016
Ring, polyiron
5021-0801
Spacer, axial
5021-0802
Washer, RF adapter
5021-0127
Body, crystal mount
08472-2001
Cap, connector
08472-2007
Cap, connector, (Option 100)
08472-20011
Sleeve (Option 100)
08472-20012
Pin and bead assembly includes:
5086-1364
Connector, BNC female
1250-0212
Contact, diode
08472-20009
Locator
08742-20002
Replacement Element Diode Assemblies1
Single diode negative polarity
08470-60012
Single diode positive polarity (Opt 003)
08470--60013
Matched pair diodes negative polarity (Opt 001)
08470-60016
Matched pair diodes positive polarity (Opt 001 and Option 003)
08470-60017
1. Refer to Table 1 for a description of options.
8472B Operating and Service Manual 11
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