Agilent Technologies 85032B/E 50 Network Card User Manual

User’s and Service Guide
Agilent Technologies 85032B/E
50Ω Type-N Calibration Kits
Agilent Part Number: 85032-90020
Printed in USA
Print Date: July 2002
Supersedes: June 2000
© Copyright 1993, 2000, 2002 Agilent Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Documentation Warranty
THE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED "AS IS," AND IS
SUBJECT TO BEING CHANGED, WITHOUT NOTICE, IN FUTURE EDITIONS.
FURTHER, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW,
AGILENT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH
REGARD TO THIS MANUAL AND ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. AGILENT
SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS OR FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING, USE, OR PERFORMANCE
OF THIS DOCUMENT OR ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. SHOULD
AGILENT AND THE USER HAVE A SEPARATE WRITTEN AGREEMENT WITH
WARRANTY TERMS COVERING THE MATERIAL IN THIS DOCUMENT THAT
CONFLICT WITH THESE TERMS, THE WARRANTY TERMS IN THE SEPARATE
AGREEMENT WILL CONTROL.
Assistance
Product maintenance agreements and other customer assistance agreements are available
for Agilent products.
For any assistance, contact Agilent Technologies. Refer to page 5-3.
ii
85032B/E
Contents
1. General Information
Calibration Kit Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Kit Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Broadband Loads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Opens and Shorts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Calibration Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Installation of the Calibration Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Equipment Required but Not Supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Incoming Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Recording the Device Serial Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Clarifying the Sex of a Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
2. Specifications
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Temperature—What to Watch Out For . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Mechanical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Pin Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Certification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Supplemental Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
3. Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Electrostatic Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Visual Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Look for Obvious Defects and Damage First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
What Causes Connector Wear?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Inspect the Mating Plane Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Inspect Female Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Cleaning Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Gaging Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Connector Gage Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
When to Gage Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Reading the Connector Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Gaging Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Gaging Male Type-N Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Gaging Female Type-N Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-10
Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
How to Make a Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
Preliminary Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
Connecting and Disconnecting the Two-Piece Female Open (85032B) . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
How to Separate a Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
Handling and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
85032B/E
iii
Contents
4. Performance Verification
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
How Agilent Verifies the Devices in This Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Recertification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Limited Recertification (Option 003). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
How Often to Recertify. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Where to Send a Kit for Recertification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
5. Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
6. Replaceable Parts
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
A. Standard Definitions
Standard Class Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-2
Blank Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3
Nominal Standard Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-4
Setting the System Impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-4
Blank Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-6
iv
85032B/E
1 General Information
85032B/E
1- 1
General Information
Calibration Kit Overview
Calibration Kit Overview
The Agilent 85032B and 85032E type-N calibration kits are used to calibrate Agilent
network analyzers up to 6 GHz for measurements of components with 50Ω type-N
connectors.
Kit Contents
The 85032B calibration kit contains the following:
• one male and one female open termination
• one male and one female short termination
• one male and one female 50Ω load
• two type-N-male to 7-mm adapters (included with Option 100)
• two type-N-female to 7-mm adapters (included with Option 100)
Refer to Table 6-1 and Figure 6-1 for a complete list of kit contents and their associated
part numbers.
The 85032E calibration kit contains the following:
• one male combination open/short termination
• one male 50Ω load
Refer to Table 6-2 and Figure 6-2 for a complete list of kit contents and their associated
part numbers.
Broadband Loads
The broadband loads are instrument-grade, 50Ω terminations that have been optimized for
performance up to 6 GHz. The rugged internal structure provides for highly repeatable
connections. A distributed resistive element on sapphire provides excellent stability and
return loss.
Opens and Shorts
The opens and shorts are built from parts that are machined to the current state-of the-art
precision machining.
The short’s inner conductors have a one-piece construction, common with the shorting
plane. This construction provides for extremely repeatable connections.
The female open has a separate-piece inner conductor that is made from a
low-dielectric-constant plastic to minimize compensation values.
Both the opens and shorts are constructed so that the pin depth can be controlled very
tightly, thereby minimizing phase errors. Some of the opens and shorts have offsets. The
lengths of these offsets are designed so that the difference in phase of their reflection
coefficients is approximately 180 degrees at all frequencies.
1-2
85032B/E
General Information
Calibration Kit Overview
Adapters
Like the other devices in the kit, the adapters are built to very tight tolerances to provide
good broadband performance. The adapters utilize a dual-beaded connector structure to
ensure stable, repeatable connections. The beads are designed to minimize return loss and
are separated far enough so that interaction between the beads is minimized.
The adapters are designed so that their nominal electrical lengths are the same, which
allows them to be used in calibration procedures for non-insertable devices.
Calibration Definitions
The calibration kit must be selected and the calibration definitions for the devices in the
kit installed in the network analyzer prior to performing a calibration. Refer to your
network analyzer user’s guide for instructions on selecting the calibration kit and
performing a calibration.
The calibration definitions can be:
• resident within the analyzer
• entered from the front panel
Installation of the Calibration Definitions
The calibration definitions for the kit may be permanently installed in the internal
memory or hard disk of the network analyzer.
If the calibration definitions for the kit are not permanently installed in the network
analyzer, they must be manually entered. Refer to your network analyzer user’s guide for
instructions.
Options
The following options are available for the Agilent 85032B/E.
Option 100 (85032B only) Option 100 adds the four type-N to 7-mm adapters to the
calibration kit.
Option 003 (85032B only) This option provides a limited calibration for the devices in
the calibration kit to 3 GHz instead of 6 GHz. This calibration option can be requested only
from an Agilent service center. It cannot be ordered from the factory.
Option UK6 This option adds a certificate of calibration and the corresponding
calibration data for the devices in the calibration kit.
Equipment Required but Not Supplied
Gages, torque and open-end wrenches, and various connector cleaning supplies are not
included in the calibration kit but are required to ensure successful operation of the
calibration kit. Refer to Table 6-3 on page 6-5 for ordering information
85032B/E
1-3
General Information
Incoming Inspection
Incoming Inspection
Verify that the shipment is complete by referring to Figure 6-1 or Figure 6-2.
Check for damage. The foam-lined storage case provides protection during shipping.
If the case or any device appears damaged, or if the shipment is incomplete, contact
Agilent. See Table 5-1 on page 5-3. Agilent will arrange for repair or replacement of
incomplete or damaged shipments without waiting for a settlement from the
transportation company.
When you send the kit or device to Agilent, include a service tag (found near the end of this
manual) with the following information:
• your company name and address
• the name of a technical contact person within your company, and the person's complete
phone number
• the model number and serial number of the kit
• the part number and serial number of the device
• the type of service required
• a detailed description of the problem
1-4
85032B/E
General Information
Recording the Device Serial Numbers
Recording the Device Serial Numbers
In addition to the kit serial number, the devices in this kit are individually serialized
(serial numbers are labeled onto the body of each device). Record these serial numbers in
Table 1-1 for the 85032B and Table 1-2 for the 85032E. Recording the serial numbers will
prevent confusing the devices in this kit with similar devices in other kits.
Table 1-1
Serial Number Record for 85032B
Device
Serial Number
Calibration kit
_______________________________
Male broadband load
_______________________________
Female broadband load
_______________________________
Male open
_______________________________
Female open
_______________________________
Male short
_______________________________
Female short
_______________________________
Type-N-male to 7-mm adapter
_______________________________
Type-N-male to 7-mm adapter
_______________________________
Type-N-female to 7-mm adapter
_______________________________
Type-N-female to 7-mm adapter
_______________________________
Table 1-2
Serial Number Record for 85032E
Device
Serial Number
Calibration kit
_______________________________
Male broadband load
_______________________________
Male combination open/short
_______________________________
85032B/E
1-5
General Information
Clarifying the Sex of a Connector
Clarifying the Sex of a Connector
In this manual, the sex of calibration devices and adapters are referred to in terms of their
connector interface. For example, a male open has a male connector.
However, during a measurement calibration, the network analyzer softkey menus label a
type-N calibration device with reference to the sex of the analyzer’s test port
connector—not the calibration device connector. For example, the label SHORT(F) on the
analyzer’s display refers to the short that is to be connected to the female test port. This
will be a male short from the calibration kit.
Conversely, connector gages are referred to in terms of the connector that it measures. For
instance, a male connector gage has a female connector on the gage so that it can measure
male devices.
Preventive Maintenance
The best techniques for maintaining the integrity of the devices in this kit include:
• routine visual inspection
• cleaning
• proper gaging
• proper connection techniques
All of the above are described in Chapter 3 , “Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices.”
Failure to detect and remove dirt or metallic particles on a mating plane surface can
degrade repeatability and accuracy and can damage any connector mated to it. Improper
connections, resulting from pin depth values being out of the observed limits (see Table 2-2
on page 2-4), or from bad connections, can also damage these devices.
1-6
85032B/E
2 Specifications
85032B/E
2-1
Specifications
Environmental Requirements
Environmental Requirements
Table 2-1
Environmental Requirements
Parameter
Limits
Operating temperaturea
+15 °C to +35 °C (+59 °F to +95 °F)
Error-corrected temperature rangeb
±1 °C of measurement calibration temperature
Storage temperature
−40 °C to +75 °C (−40 °F to +167 °F)
Altitude
Operation
< 4,500 meters (≈15,000 feet)
Storage
< 15,000 meters (≈50,000 feet)
Relative humidity
Always non-condensing
Operation
0 to 80% (26 °C maximum dry bulb)
Storage
0 to 95%
a. The temperature range over which the calibration standards maintain conformance to their
specifications.
b. The allowable network analyzer ambient temperature drift during measurement calibration
and during measurements when the network analyzer error correction is turned on. Also, the
range over which the network analyzer maintains its specified performance while correction
is turned on.
Temperature—What to Watch Out For
Changes in temperature can affect electrical characteristics. Therefore, the operating
temperature is a critical factor in performance. During a measurement calibration, the
temperature of the calibration devices must be stable and within the range specified in
Table 2-1.
IMPORTANT
2-2
Avoid unnecessary handling of the devices during calibration because your
fingers are a heat source.
85032B/E
Specifications
Mechanical Characteristics
Mechanical Characteristics
Mechanical characteristics such as center conductor protrusion and pin depth are not
performance specifications. They are, however, important supplemental characteristics
related to electrical performance. Agilent Technologies verifies the mechanical
characteristics of the devices in this kit with special gaging processes and electrical
testing. This ensures that the device connectors do not exhibit any improper pin depth
when the kit leaves the factory.
“Gaging Connectors” on page 3-6 explains how to use gages to determine if the kit devices
have maintained their mechanical integrity. (Refer to Table 2-2 on page 2-4 for typical and
observed pin depth limits.)
Pin Depth
Pin depth is the distance the center conductor mating plane differs from being flush with
the outer conductor mating plane. Refer to Figure 2-1. Some coaxial connectors, such as
2.4 mm and 3.5 mm, are designed to have these planes nearly flush. Type-N connectors,
however, are designed with a pin depth offset of approximately 5.26 mm (0.207 inch), not
permitting these planes to be flush. The male center conductors are recessed by the offset
value while the female center conductors compensate by protruding the same amount.
This offset necessitates the redefining of pin depth with regard to protrusion and
recession.
Protrusion refers to a male type-N connector center conductor having a pin depth value
less than 5.26 mm (0.207 inch), or a female type-N connector center conductor having a pin
depth value greater than 5.26 mm (0.207 inch).
Recession refers to a male type-N connector center conductor having a pin depth value
greater than 5.26 mm (0.207 in), or a female type-N connector center conductor having a
pin depth value less than 5.26 mm (0.207 inch).
Figure 2-1
85032B/E
Connector Pin Depth
2-3
Specifications
Mechanical Characteristics
NOTE
The gages for measuring type-N connectors compensate for the designed
offset of 5.26 mm (0.207 inch), therefore, protrusion and recession readings
are in relation to a zero reference plane (as if the inner and outer conductor
planes were intended to be flush). Gage readings can be directly compared
with the observed values listed in Table 2-2.
The pin depth value of each calibration device in this kit is not specified, but is an
important mechanical parameter. The electrical performance of the device depends, to
some extent, on its pin depth. The electrical specifications for each device in this kit take
into account the effect of pin depth on the device’s performance. Table 2-2 lists the typical
pin depths and measurement uncertainties, and provides observed pin depth limits for the
devices in the kit. If the pin depth of a device does not measure within the observed pin
depth limits, it may be an indication that the device fails to meet electrical specifications.
Refer to Figure 2-1 for an illustration of pin depth in type-N connectors.
Table 2-2
Pin Depth Limit
Device
Typical Pin Depth
Measurement Uncertaintya
Observed Pin Depth Limitsb
Opens
0 to −0.0127 mm
0 to −0.0005 in
+0.0038 to −0.0038 mm
+0.00015 to −0.00015 in
+0.0038 to −0.0165 mm
+0.00015 to −0.00065 in
Shorts
0 to −0.0127 mm
0 to −0.0005 in
+0.0038 to −0.0038 mm
+0.00015 to −0.00015 in
+0.0038 to −0.0165 mm
+0.00015 to −0.00065 in
Fixed Loads
0 to −0.0508 mm
0 to −0.0020 in
+0.0038 to −0.0038 mm
+0.00015 to −0.00015 in
+0.0038 to −0.0546 mm
+0.00015 to −0.00215 in
a. Approximately +2 sigma to −2 sigma of gage uncertainty based on studies done at the
factory according to recommended procedures.
b. Observed pin depth limits are the range of observation limits seen on the gage reading due
to measurement uncertainty. The depth could still be within specifications.
2-4
85032B/E
Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Electrical Specifications
The electrical specifications in Table 2-3 apply to the devices in your calibration kit when
connected with an Agilent precision interface.
Table 2-3
Electrical Specifications for 50Ω Type-N Devices
Device
Specification
Frequency (GHz)
Loads
Return loss ≥ 49 dB (ρ ≤ 0.00355)
DC to ≤ 2
Return loss ≥ 46 dB (ρ ≤ 0.00501)
> 2 to ≤ 3
Return loss ≥ 40 dB (ρ ≤ 0.01000)
> 3 to ≤ 6
Female opena
±0.501 ° ±0.484 °/GHz deviation from nominal
DC to ≤ 6
Female shorta
±0.490 ° ±0.385 °/GHz deviation from nominal
DC to ≤ 6
Male opena
±0.501 ° ±0.234 °/GHz deviation from nominal
DC to ≤ 6
Male shorta
±0.441 ° ±0.444 °/GHz deviation from nominal
DC to ≤ 6
Adapters (type-N to 7-mm)
Return loss ≥ 30 dΒ (ρ ≤ 0.03162)
DC to ≤ 6
a. The specifications for the opens and shorts are given as allowed deviation from the nominal
model as defined in the standard definitions. See Table A-3 on page A-5.
Certification
Agilent Technologies certifies that this product met its published specifications at the time
of shipment from the factory. Agilent further certifies that its calibration measurements
are traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
to the extent allowed by the institute’s calibration facility, and to the calibration facilities
of other International Standards Organization members. See “How Agilent Verifies the
Devices in This Kit” on page 4-2 for more information.
Supplemental Electrical Characteristics
Supplemental electrical characteristics are values which are typically met by a majority of
the calibration kit devices tested. These supplemental characteristics are intended to
provide information in calibration kit applications by giving typical, but non-warranted,
performance parameters. Table 2-4 lists the typical electrical characteristics of the 50Ω
loads and adapters in the 85032B/E calibration kit.
Table 2-4
Supplemental Electrical Characteristics
Device
Specification
Frequency (GHz)
Loads
Return loss ≥ 23 dΒ (ρ ≤ 0.07079)
> 6 to ≤ 18
Adapters (type-N to 7-mm)
Return loss ≥ 34 dΒ (ρ ≤ 0.01995)
DC to ≤ 8
Return loss ≥ 28 dΒ (ρ ≤ 0.03981)
> 8 to ≤ 18
85032B/E
2-5
Specifications
Electrical Specifications
2-6
85032B/E
3 Use, Maintenance, and Care of the
Devices
85032B/E
3-1
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic Discharge
Protection against ESD (electrostatic discharge) is essential while connecting, inspecting,
or cleaning connectors attached to a static-sensitive circuit (such as those found in test
sets).
Static electricity can build up on your body and can easily damage sensitive internal
circuit elements when discharged. Static discharges too small to be felt can cause
permanent damage. Devices such as calibration components and devices under test
(DUTs), can also carry an electrostatic charge. To prevent damage to the test set,
components, and devices:
• always wear a grounded wrist strap having a 1 MΩ resistor in series with it when
handling components and devices or when making connections to the test set.
• always use a grounded, conductive table mat while making connections.
• always wear a heel strap when working in an area with a conductive floor. If you are
uncertain about the conductivity of your floor, wear a heel strap.
• always ground yourself before you clean, inspect, or make a connection to a
static-sensitive device or test port. You can, for example, grasp the grounded outer shell
of the test port or cable connector briefly.
• always ground the center conductor of a test cable before making a connection to the
analyzer test port or other static-sensitive device. This can be done as follows:
1. Connect a short (from your calibration kit) to one end of the cable to short the center
conductor to the outer conductor.
2. While wearing a grounded wrist strap, grasp the outer shell of the cable connector.
3. Connect the other end of the cable to the test port.
4. Remove the short from the cable.
Refer to Chapter 6 , “Replaceable Parts,” for part numbers and instructions for ordering
ESD protection devices.
Figure 3-1 ESD Protection Setup
3-2
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Visual Inspection
Visual Inspection
Visual inspection and, if necessary, cleaning should be done every time a connection is
made. Metal particles from the connector threads may fall into the connector when it is
disconnected. One connection made with a dirty or damaged connector can damage both
connectors beyond repair.
In some cases, magnification is necessary to see damage on a connector; a magnifying
device with a magnification of ≥10× is recommended. However, not all defects that are
visible only under magnification will affect the electrical performance of the connector. Use
the following guidelines when evaluating the integrity of a connector.
Look for Obvious Defects and Damage First
Examine the connectors first for obvious defects and damage: badly worn plating on the
connector interface, deformed threads, or bent, broken, or misaligned center conductors.
Connector nuts should move smoothly and be free of burrs, loose metal particles, and
rough spots.
What Causes Connector Wear?
Connector wear is caused by connecting and disconnecting the devices. The more use a
connector gets, the faster it wears and degrades. The wear is greatly accelerated when
connectors are not kept clean, or are connected incorrectly.
Connector wear eventually degrades performance of the device. Calibration devices should
have a long life if their use is on the order of a few times per week. Replace devices with
worn connectors.
The test port connectors on the network analyzer test set may have many connections each
day, and are therefore more subject to wear. It is recommended that an adapter be used as
a test port saver to minimize the wear on the test set’s test port connectors.
Inspect the Mating Plane Surfaces
Flat contact between the connectors at all points on their mating plane surfaces is required
for a good connection. See Figure 2-1 on page 2-3. Look especially for deep scratches or
dents, and for dirt and metal particles on the connector mating plane surfaces. Also look
for signs of damage due to excessive or uneven wear or misalignment.
Light burnishing of the mating plane surfaces is normal, and is evident as light scratches
or shallow circular marks distributed more or less uniformly over the mating plane
surface. Other small defects and cosmetic imperfections are also normal. None of these
affect electrical or mechanical performance.
If a connector shows deep scratches or dents, particles clinging to the mating plane
surfaces, or uneven wear, clean and inspect it again. Devices with damaged connectors
should be discarded. Determine the cause of damage before connecting a new, undamaged
connector in the same configuration.
85032B/E
3-3
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Cleaning Connectors
Inspect Female Connectors
Pay special attention to the contact fingers in the female center conductor. These can be
bent or broken, and damage to them is not always easy to see. A connector with damaged
contact fingers will negatively affect electrical performance and must be replaced.
NOTE
Inspection is particularly important when mating nonprecision to precision
devices.
Cleaning Connectors
Clean connectors are essential for ensuring the integrity of RF and microwave coaxial
connections.
1. Use Compressed Air or Nitrogen
WARNING
Always use protective eyewear when using compressed air or
nitrogen.
Use compressed air (or nitrogen) to loosen particles on the connector mating plane
surfaces.
You can use any source of clean, dry, low-pressure compressed air or nitrogen that has
an effective oil-vapor filter and liquid condensation trap placed just before the outlet
hose.
Ground the hose nozzle to prevent electrostatic discharge, and set the air pressure to
less than 414 kPa (60 psi) to control the velocity of the air stream. High-velocity streams
of compressed air can cause electrostatic effects when directed into a connector. These
electrostatic effects can damage the device. Refer to “Electrostatic Discharge” earlier in
this chapter for additional information.
2. Clean the Connector Threads
WARNING
Keep isopropyl alcohol away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a
tightly closed container. It is extremely flammable. In case of fire, use
alcohol foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide; water may be
ineffective.
Use isopropyl alcohol with adequate ventilation and avoid contact
with eyes, skin, and clothing. It causes skin irritation, may cause eye
damage, and is harmful if swallowed or inhaled. It may be harmful if
absorbed through the skin. Wash thoroughly after handling.
In case of spill, soak up with sand or earth. Flush spill area with
water.
Dispose of isopropyl alcohol in accordance with all applicable
federal, state, and local environmental regulations.
3-4
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Cleaning Connectors
Use a lint-free swab or cleaning cloth moistened with isopropyl alcohol to remove any
dirt or stubborn contaminants on a connector that cannot be removed with compressed
air or nitrogen. Refer to Table 6-3 on page 6-5 for part numbers for isopropyl alcohol and
cleaning swabs.
a. Apply a small amount of isopropyl alcohol to a lint-free cleaning swab.
b. Clean the connector threads.
c. Let the alcohol evaporate, then blow the threads dry with a gentle stream of clean,
low-pressure compressed air or nitrogen. Always completely dry a connector before
you reassemble or use it.
3. Clean the Mating Plane Surfaces
a. Apply a small amount of isopropyl alcohol to a lint-free cleaning swab.
b. Clean the center and outer conductor mating plane surfaces. Refer to Figure 2-1 on
page 2-3. When cleaning a female connector, avoid snagging the swab on the center
conductor contact fingers by using short strokes.
c. Let the alcohol evaporate, then blow the connector dry with a gentle stream of clean,
low-pressure compressed air or nitrogen. Always completely dry a connector before
you reassemble or use it.
4. Reinspect
Inspect the connector again to make sure that no particles or residue are present.
85032B/E
3-5
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Gaging Connectors
The gages available from Agilent Technologies are intended for preventive maintenance
and troubleshooting purposes only. (See Table 6-3 on page 6-5 for part number
information.) They are effective in detecting excessive center conductor protrusion or
recession, and conductor damage on DUTs, test accessories, and the calibration kit devices.
Do not use the gages for precise pin depth measurements.
Connector Gage Accuracy
The connector gages are only capable of performing coarse measurements. They do not
provide the degree of accuracy necessary to precisely measure the pin depth of the kit
devices. This is partially due to the repeatability uncertainties that are associated with the
measurement. Only the factory—through special gaging processes and electrical testing—
can accurately verify the mechanical characteristics of the devices.
With proper technique, however, the gages are useful in detecting gross pin depth errors on
device connectors. To achieve maximum accuracy, random errors must be reduced by
taking the average of at least three measurements having different gage orientations on
the connector. Even the resultant average can be in error by as much as ± 0.0001 inch due
to systematic (biasing) errors usually resulting from worn gages and gage masters. The
information in Table 2-2 on page 2-4 assumes new gages and gage masters. Therefore,
these systematic errors were not included in the uncertainty analysis. As the gages
undergo more use, the systematic errors can become more significant in the accuracy of the
measurement.
The measurement uncertainties (see Table 2-2 on page 2-4) are primarily a function of the
assembly materials and design, and the unique interaction each device type has with the
gage. Therefore, these uncertainties can vary among the different devices. For example,
note the difference between the uncertainties of the opens and shorts in Table 2-2.
The observed pin depth limits in Table 2-2 on page 2-4 add these uncertainties to the
typical factory pin depth values to provide practical limits that can be referenced when
using the gages. See “Pin Depth” on page 2-3. Refer to “Kit Contents” on page 1-2 for more
information on the design of the calibration devices in this kit.
NOTE
3-6
When measuring pin depth, the measured value (resultant average of three
or more measurements) is not the true value. Always compare the measured
value with the observed pin depth limits in Table 2-2 on page 2-4 to evaluate
the condition of device connectors.
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
When to Gage Connectors
Gage a connector at the following times:
• Prior to using a device for the first time: record the pin depth measurement so that it
can be compared with future readings. (It will serve as a good troubleshooting tool when
you suspect damage may have occurred to the device.)
• If either visual inspection or electrical performance suggests that the connector
interface may be out of typical range (due to wear or damage, for example).
• If a calibration device is used by someone else or on another system or piece of
equipment.
• Initially after every 100 connections, and after that as often as experience indicates.
Reading the Connector Gage
The gage dial is divided into increments of 0.0001 inch and major divisions of 0.001 inch
(see Figure 3-2). For each revolution of the large dial, the smaller dial indicates a change of
0.01 inch. Use the small dial as the indicator of multiples of 0.01 inch. In most connector
measuring applications, this value will be zero.
When making a measurement, the gage dial indicator will travel in one of two directions. If
the center conductor is recessed from the zero reference plane, the indicator will move
counterclockwise to indicate the amount of recession, which is read as a negative value. If
the center conductor protrudes, the indicator will move clockwise to indicate the amount of
protrusion, which is read as a positive value. Refer to “Pin Depth” on page 2-3 for
definitions of protrusion and recession.
Figure 3-2
85032B/E
Reading the Connector Gage
3-7
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Gaging Procedures
Gaging Male Type-N Connectors
NOTE
Always hold a connector gage by the gage barrel, below the dial indicator.
This gives the best stability, and improves measurement accuracy.
1. Select the proper gage for your connector. (Refer to Table 6-3 for gage part numbers).
2. Inspect and clean the gage, gage master, and device to be gaged. Refer to “Visual
Inspection” and “Cleaning Connectors” earlier in this chapter.
3. Zero the connector gage (refer to Figure 3-3):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the gage
master, screw the gage master connecting nut onto the male gage, just until you
meet resistance. Connect the nut finger tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Use the torque wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting
nut to 135 N-cm (12 in-lb). Refer to “Connections” on page 3-12 for more information.
c. Loosen the dial lock screw on the gage and rotate the gage dial so that the pointer
corresponds to the correction value noted on the gage master. Do not adjust the gage
dial to zero, unless the correction value on the gage master is zero.
d. Tighten the dial lock screw and remove the gage master.
e. Attach and torque the gage master to the gage once again to verify that the setting is
repeatable. Remove the gage master.
4. Gage the device connector (refer to Figure 3-3):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the device,
screw the connecting nut of the device being measured onto the gage, just until you
meet resistance. Connect the nut finger-tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Use the torque wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting
nut to 135 N-cm (12 in-lb). Refer to “Connections” on page 3-12 for more information.
c. Gently tap the barrel of the gage with your finger to settle the gage reading.
d. Read the gage indicator dial. If the needle has moved clockwise, the center conductor
is protruding by an amount indicated by the black numbers. If the needle has moved
counterclockwise, the center conductor is recessed by an amount indicated by the red
numbers.
For maximum accuracy, measure the connector a minimum of three times and take
an average of the readings. After each measurement, rotate the gage a quarter-turn
to reduce measurement variations that result from the gage or the connector face not
being exactly perpendicular to the center axis.
e. Compare the average reading with the observed pin depth limits in Table 2-2 on page
2-4.
3-8
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Figure 3-3
85032B/E
Gaging Male Type-N Connectors
3-9
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Gaging Female Type-N Connectors
NOTE
Always hold a connector gage by the gage barrel, below the dial indicator.
This gives the best stability, and improves measurement accuracy.
1. Select the proper gage for your connector. (Refer to Table 6-3 for gage part numbers).
2. Inspect and clean the gage, gage master, and device to be gaged. Refer to “Visual
Inspection” and “Cleaning Connectors” earlier in this chapter.
3. Zero the connector gage (refer to Figure 3-4):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the gage
master, screw the gage connecting nut onto the female gage master, just until you
meet resistance. Connect the nut finger-tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Use the torque wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting
nut to 135 N-cm (12 in-lb). Refer to “Connections” on page 3-12 for more information.
c. Loosen the dial lock screw on the gage and rotate the gage dial so that the pointer
corresponds to the correction value noted on the gage master. Do not adjust the gage
dial to zero, unless the correction value on the gage master is zero.
d. Tighten the dial lock screw and remove the gage master.
e. Attach and torque the gage master to the gage once again to verify that the setting is
repeatable. Remove the gage master.
4. Gage the device connector (refer to Figure 3-4):
a. While holding the gage by the barrel, and without turning the gage or the device,
screw the gage connecting nut onto the device being measured, just until you meet
resistance. Connect the nut finger-tight. Do not overtighten.
b. Use the torque wrench recommended for use with this kit to tighten the connecting
nut to 135 N-cm (12 in-lb). Refer to “Connections” on page 3-12 for more information.
c. Gently tap the barrel of the gage with your finger to settle the gage reading.
d. Read the gage indicator dial. If the needle has moved clockwise, the center conductor
is protruding by an amount indicated by the black numbers. If the needle has moved
counterclockwise, the center conductor is recessed by an amount indicated by the red
numbers.
For maximum accuracy, measure the connector a minimum of three times and take
an average of the readings. After each measurement, rotate the gage a quarter-turn
to reduce measurement variations that result from the gage or the connector face not
being exactly perpendicular to the center axis.
e. Compare the average reading with the observed pin depth limits in Table 2-2 on page
2-4.
3-10
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Gaging Connectors
Figure 3-4
85032B/E
Gaging Female Type-N Connectors
3-11
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
Connections
Good connections require a skilled operator. The most common cause of measurement error
is bad connections. The following procedures illustrate how to make good connections.
How to Make a Connection
Preliminary Connection
1. Ground yourself and all devices. Wear a grounded wrist strap and work on a grounded,
conductive table mat. Refer to “Electrostatic Discharge” on page 3-2 for ESD
precautions.
2. Visually inspect the connectors. Refer to “Visual Inspection” on page 3-3.
3. If necessary, clean the connectors. Refer to “Cleaning Connectors” on page 3-4.
4. Use a connector gage to verify that all center conductors are within the observed pin
depth values in Table 2-2 on page 2-4. Refer to “Gaging Connectors” on page 3-6.
5. Carefully align the connectors. The male connector center pin must slip concentrically
into the contact finger of the female connector.
6. Push the connectors straight together.
CAUTION
Do not turn the device body. Only turn the connector nut. Damage to the
center conductor can occur if the device body is twisted.
Do not twist or screw the connectors together. As the center conductors mate, there is
usually a slight resistance.
7. The preliminary connection is tight enough when the mating plane surfaces make
uniform, light contact. Do not overtighten this connection.
A connection in which the outer conductors make gentle contact at all points on both
mating surfaces is sufficient. Very light finger pressure is enough to accomplish this.
8. Make sure the connectors are properly supported. Relieve any side pressure on the
connection from long or heavy devices or cables.
Final Connection Using a Torque Wrench
1. Use a torque wrench to make a final connection. Table 3-1 provides information about
the torque wrench recommended for use with this calibration kit. A torque wrench is
not included in the calibration kit. Refer to Chapter 6 for part number and ordering
information.
Table 3-1
Torque Wrench Information
Connector Type
Torque Setting
Torque Tolerance
Type-N
135 N-cm (12 in-lb)
±13.5 N-cm (±1.2 in-lb)
3-12
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
Using a torque wrench guarantees that the connection is not too tight, preventing
possible connector damage. It also guarantees that all connections are equally tight
each time.
2. Prevent the rotation of anything other than the connector nut that you are tightening.
It may be possible to do this by hand if one of the connectors is fixed (as on a test port).
In all situations, however, it is recommended that you use an open-end wrench to keep
the body of the device from turning. Refer to Chapter 6 for part number and ordering
information.
3. Position both wrenches within 90 degrees of each other before applying force. See
Figure 3-5. Wrenches opposing each other (greater than 90 degrees apart) will cause a
lifting action which can misalign and stress the connections of the devices involved.
This is especially true when several devices are connected together.
Figure 3-5
Wrench Positions
4. Hold the torque wrench lightly, at the end of the handle only (beyond the groove). See
Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-6
85032B/E
Using the Torque Wrench
3-13
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Connections
5. Apply downward force perpendicular to the wrench handle. See Figure 3-6. This applies
torque to the connection through the wrench.
Do not hold the wrench so tightly that you push the handle straight down along its
length rather than pivoting it, otherwise you apply an unknown amount of torque.
6. Tighten the connection just to the torque wrench break point. The wrench handle gives
way at its internal pivot point. See Figure 3-6. Do not tighten the connection further.
CAUTION
You don’t have to fully break the handle of the torque wrench to reach the
specified torque; doing so can cause the handle to kick back and loosen the
connection. Any give at all in the handle is sufficient torque.
Do not pivot the wrench handle on your thumb or other fingers, otherwise you apply an
unknown amount of torque to the connection when the wrench reaches its break point.
Do not twist the head of the wrench relative to the outer conductor mating plane. If you
do, you apply more than the recommended torque.
Connecting and Disconnecting the Two-Piece Female Open (85032B)
The female open standard in the 85032B calibration kit is composed of two parts: the open
body (outer conductor) and the center conductor extender. Refer to Figure 3-7.
Figure 3-7
Connecting the Two-Piece Female Open
To connect the female open:
1. Connect the open body to the male test port.
2. Insert the center conductor extender into the hole at the end of the body and push
gently until the center conductors mate.
To disconnect the female open:
1. Remove the center conductor extender by pulling gently outwards without twisting,
rocking, or bending the extender or the body.
2. Disconnect the body from the test port.
3-14
85032B/E
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Handling and Storage
How to Separate a Connection
To avoid lateral (bending) force on the connector mating plane surfaces, always support the
devices and connections.
CAUTION
Turn the connector nut, not the device body. Major damage to the center
conductor can occur if the device body is twisted.
1. Use an open-end wrench to prevent the device body from turning.
2. Use another open-end wrench to loosen the connector nut.
3. Complete the separation by hand, turning only the connector nut.
4. Pull the connectors straight apart without twisting, rocking, or bending either of the
connectors.
Handling and Storage
• Install the protective end caps and store the calibration devices in the foam-lined
storage case when not in use.
• Never store connectors loose in a box, desk, or bench drawer. This is the most common
cause of connector damage during storage.
• Keep connectors clean.
• Do not touch mating plane surfaces. Natural skin oils and microscopic particles of dirt
are easily transferred to a connector interface and are very difficult to remove.
• Do not set connectors contact-end down on a hard surface. The plating and the mating
plane surfaces can be damaged if the interface comes in contact with any hard surface.
85032B/E
3-15
Use, Maintenance, and Care of the Devices
Handling and Storage
3-16
85032B/E
4 Performance Verification
85032B/E
4-1
Performance Verification
Introduction
Introduction
The performance of your calibration kit can only be verified by returning the kit to Agilent
Technologies for recertification. The equipment required to verify the specifications of the
devices in the kit has been specially manufactured and is not commercially available.
How Agilent Verifies the Devices in This Kit
Agilent verifies the specifications of these devices as follows:
1. The residual microwave error terms of the test system are verified with precision
airlines and shorts that are directly traced to NIST (National Institute of Standards
and Technology). The airline and short characteristics are developed from mechanical
measurements. The mechanical measurements and material properties are carefully
modeled to give very accurate electrical representation. The mechanical measurements
are then traced to NIST through various plug and ring gages and other mechanical
measurements.
2. Each calibration device is electrically tested on this system. For the initial (before sale)
testing of the calibration devices, Agilent includes the test measurement uncertainty as
a guardband to guarantee each device meets the published specification. For
recertifications (after sale), no guardband is used and the measured data is compared
directly with the specification to determine the pass or fail status. The measurement
uncertainty for each device is, however, recorded in the calibration report that
accompanies recertified kits.
These two steps establish a traceable link to NIST for Agilent to the extent allowed by the
institute’s calibration facility. The specifications data provided for the devices in this kit is
traceable to NIST through Agilent Technologies.
4-2
85032B/E
Performance Verification
Recertification
Recertification
The following will be provided with a recertified kit:
• a new calibration sticker affixed to the case
• a certificate of calibration
• a calibration report for each device in the kit listing measured values, specifications,
and uncertainties
NOTE
A list of NIST traceable numbers may be purchased upon request to be
included in the calibration report.
Agilent Technologies offers a Standard calibration for the recertification of this kit. For
more information, contact Agilent Technologies. See Table 5-1 on page 5-3.
Limited Recertification (Option 003)
The 50Ω loads in the calibration kit are specified for use up to 6 GHz. For many
applications, the performance above 3 GHz is not utilized.
For a standard recertification, the devices in the calibration kit are tested and calibrated
up to 6 GHz. However, a limited recertification can be requested. For this limited
recertification, the devices are tested and calibrated up to 3 GHz.
To request a limited recertification, make sure the following is clearly written on the order:
Limited Calibration DC–3 GHz (Option 003).
All loads that receive a limited calibration are supplied with a limited calibration label
applied to the device.
How Often to Recertify
The suggested initial interval for recertification is 12 months or sooner. The actual need for
recertification depends on the use of the kit. After reviewing the results of the initial
recertification, you may establish a different recertification interval that reflects the usage
and wear of the kit.
NOTE
The recertification interval should begin on the date the kit is first used after
the recertification date.
Where to Send a Kit for Recertification
Contact Agilent Technologies for information on where to send your kit for recertification.
See Table 5-1 on page 5-3.
When you return the kit, complete and attach a service tag. Refer to “Returning a Kit or
Device to Agilent” on page 5-3 for details.
85032B/E
4-3
Performance Verification
Recertification
4-4
85032B/E
5 Troubleshooting
85032B/E
5-1
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Process
Troubleshooting Process
If you suspect a bad calibration, or if your network analyzer does not pass performance
verification, follow the steps in Figure 5-1.
Figure 5-1
5-2
Troubleshooting Flowchart
85032B/E
Troubleshooting
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent
If your kit or device requires service, contact the Agilent Technologies office nearest you for
information on where to send it. See Table 5-1. Include a service tag (located near the end
of this manual) on which you provide the following information:
• your company name and address
• a technical contact person within your company, and the person's complete phone
number
• the model number and serial number of the kit
• the part number and serial number of each device
• the type of service required
• a detailed description of the problem and how the device was being used when the
problem occurred (such as calibration or measurement)
Table 5-1 Contacting Agilent
Online assistance: www.agilent.com/find/assist
United States
(tel) 1 800 452 4844
Latin America
(tel) (305) 269 7500
(fax) (305) 269 7599
Canada
(tel) 1 877 894 4414
(fax) (905) 282-6495
Europe
(tel) (+31) 20 547 2323
(fax) (+31) 20 547 2390
New Zealand
(tel) 0 800 738 378
(fax) (+64) 4 495 8950
Japan
(tel) (+81) 426 56 7832
(fax) (+81) 426 56 7840
Australia
(tel) 1 800 629 485
(fax) (+61) 3 9210 5947
Singapore
(tel) 1 800 375 8100
(fax) (65) 836 0252
Malaysia
(tel) 1 800 828 848
(fax) 1 800 801 664
Philippines
(tel) (632) 8426802
(tel) (PLDT subscriber
only):
1 800 16510170
(fax) (632) 8426809
(fax) (PLDT subscriber
only):
1 800 16510288
Thailand
(tel) outside Bangkok:
(088) 226 008
(tel) within Bangkok:
(662) 661 3999
(fax) (66) 1 661 3714
Hong Kong
(tel) 800 930 871
(fax) (852) 2506 9233
Taiwan
(tel) 0800-047-866
(fax) (886) 2 25456723
People’s Republic of
China
(tel) (preferred):
800-810-0189
(tel) (alternate):
10800-650-0021
(fax) 10800-650-0121
India
(tel) 1-600-11-2929
(fax) 000-800-650-1101
85032B/E
5-3
Troubleshooting
Returning a Kit or Device to Agilent
5-4
85032B/E
6 Replaceable Parts
85032B/E
6-1
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Introduction
Table 6-1 lists the replacement part numbers for items included in the 85032B calibration
kit and Figure 6-1 illustrates each of these items.
Table 6-2 lists the replacement part numbers for items included in the 85032E calibration
kit and Figure 6-2 illustrates each of these items.
Table 6-3 lists the replacement part numbers for items recommended or required for
successful operation but not included in the calibration kit.
To order a listed part, note the description, the part number, and the quantity desired.
Telephone or send your order to Agilent Technologies. See Table 5-1 on page 5-3.
Table 6-1
Replaceable Parts for the 85032B Calibration Kit
Item No.
Description
Qty Per Kit
Agilent Part Number
Calibration Devices (50Ω Type-N)
1
Male broadband load
1
00909-60009
2
Female broadband load
1
00909-60010
3
Male short
1
85032-60008
4
Female short
1
85032-60009
5
Male open
1
85032-60007
6
Female opena
1
85032-60012
Adapters (included with Option 100)b
7
Type-N-male to 7-mm
2
85054-60009
8
Type-N-female to 7-mm
2
85054-60001
Calibration Kit Storage Case
9
Box assembly (includes case and foam pad set)
1
85032-60010
10
Case (without foam pad set)c
1
85032-80002
11
Foam pad setc
1
85032-80003
Protective End Caps for Connectors
12
Female end cap for type-N
as required
1401-0225
13
Male end cap for type-N and 7 mm
as required
1401-0214
Miscellaneous Items
15
User’s and service guide
1
85032-90020
a. Includes center conductor extender.
b. Refer to “Options” on page 1-3 for description of available options.
c. Included in box assembly.
6-2
85032B/E
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Figure 6-1
85032B/E
Replaceable Parts for the 85032B Calibration Kit
6-3
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Table 6-2
Replaceable Parts for the 85032E Calibration Kit
Item No.
Description
Qty Per Kit
Agilent Part Number
Calibration Devices (50Ω Type-N)
1
Male broadband load
1
00909-60009
2
Male combination open/short
1
85032-60011
Calibration Kit Storage Case
3
Case (without foam pad set)
1
9211-1582
4
Foam pad set
1
85023-80005
5
Kit identification label
1
85032-80014
Protective End Caps for Connectors
6
Male end cap for type-N and 7 mm
as
required
1401-0214
Miscellaneous Items
7
User’s and service guide
Figure 6-2
6-4
1
85032-90020
Replaceable Parts for the 85032E Calibration Kit
85032B/E
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
Table 6-3
Replaceable Parts—Items Not Included in the Calibration Kit
Item No.
Description
Qty
Agilent Part Number
Connector Gagesa (Type-N)
1
Gage set (includes items listed below)
1
85054-60049
2
Female gage
1
85054-60050
3
Female gage master
1
85054-60052
4
Male gage
1
85054-60051
5
Male gage master
1
85054-60053
6
Centering bead (2 supplied with gage set)
1
85054-80028
Wrenches
7
3/4 in, 135 N-cm (12 in-lb) torque wrench
1
8710-1766
8
1/2 in and 9/16 in open-end wrench
1
8710-1770
9
3/4 in open-end wrench
1
8720-0011
ESD Protective Devices
10
Grounding wrist strap
1
9300-1367
11
5 ft grounding cord for wrist strap
1
9300-0980
12
2 ft by 4 ft conductive table mat with 15 ft grounding wire
1
9300-0797
13
ESD heel strap
1
9300-1308
30 ml
8500-5344
100
9301-1243
Connector Cleaning Supplies
14
Isopropyl alcohol
15
Foam tipped cleaning swabs
a. To ensure you choose the correct gage, refer to, “Clarifying the Sex of a Connector” on page 1-6.
85032B/E
6-5
Replaceable Parts
Introduction
6-6
85032B/E
A Standard Definitions
85032B/E
A-1
Standard Definitions
Standard Class Assignments
Standard Class Assignments
Class assignment organizes calibration standards into a format compatible with the error
models used in the measurement calibration. A class or group of classes corresponds to the
systematic errors to be removed from the measured network analyzer response. Table A-1
lists the classes of the devices in this calibration kit.
Table A-1
Standard Class Assignments
Calibration Kit Label: N 50Ω
Class
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Standard Class Label
S11A
2
8
Opens
S11B
1
7
Shorts
S11C
3
S22A
2
8
Opens
S22B
1
7
Shorts
S22C
3
Load
Forward Transmission
4
Thru
Reverse Transmission
4
Thru
Forward Match
4
Thru
Reverse Match
4
Thru
Response
1
7
2
8
4
Response
Response and Isolation
1
7
2
8
4
Response & Isolation
A-2
Load
85032B/E
Standard Definitions
Standard Class Assignments
Blank Form
The standard class assignments listed in Table A-1 may be changed to meet your specific
requirements. Table A-2 is provided to record the modified standard class assignments.
Table A-2
Standard Class Assignments Blank Form
Calibration Kit Label: ______________
Class
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Standard Class
Label
S11A
S11B
S11C
S22A
S22B
S22C
Forward Transmission
Reverse Transmission
Forward Match
Reverse Match
Response
Response and Isolation
85032B/E
A-3
Standard Definitions
Nominal Standard Definitions
Nominal Standard Definitions
Standard definitions provide the constants needed to mathematically model the electrical
characteristics (delay, attenuation, and impedance) of each calibration standard. The
nominal values of these constants are theoretically derived from the physical dimensions
and material of each calibration standard, or from actual measured response. These values
are used to determine the measurement uncertainties of the network analyzer. The
standard definitions in Table A-3 list typical calibration kit parameters used to specify the
mathematical model of each device. This information must be loaded into the network
analyzer to perform valid calibrations. Refer to your network analyzer’s user’s guide for
instructions on loading calibration constants.
NOTE
The values in the standard definitions table are valid only over the specified
operating temperature range.
Setting the System Impedance
This kit contains only 50 ohm devices. Ensure the system impedance (Z0) is set to 50 ohms.
Refer to your network analyzer’s user’s guide for instructions on setting system impedance.
A-4
85032B/E
Standard Definitions
Nominal Standard Definitions
Standard Definitions
System Z 0a = 50 Ω
0.093
49.992
700Μ
0
999
Coax
Short (m)
−36.955
26.258
5.5136
0
50
700Μ
0
999
Coax
Open (m)
Fixed
0
50
700Μ
0
999
Coax
Broadband
0
50
700Μ
0
999
Coax
Thru
17.817 50.209 2.1002G
0
999
Coax
Short (f)
17.411
0
999
Coax
Open (f)
Freq
(GHz)
Standard Labeld
Coax or Waveguide
Delay/
Thru
Max
4
Min
Load
Loss (Ω/s)
3
119.09
Fixed or Slidingc
Open
C3 ×10−45 F/Hz3
2
C2 ×10−36 F/Hz2
Short
C1 ×10−27 F/Hz
Type
1
Offset
C0 ×10−15 F
Number
Standardb
Z0 Ω
Calibration Kit Label: N 50Ω
Delay (ps)
Table A-3
5
6
7
Short
8
Open
a.
b.
c.
d.
62.140
−143.07
82.920
0.7600
50
700Μ
Ensure system impedance (Z0) of network analyzer is set to this value.
Open, short, load, delay/thru, or arbitrary impedance.
Load or arbitrary impedance only.
Standard labels that specify sex, (m) or (f), refer to the sex of the analyzer’s test port connector.
85032B/E
A-5
Standard Definitions
Nominal Standard Definitions
Blank Form
The standard definitions listed in Table A-3 may be changed to meet your specific
requirements. Table A-4 is provided to record the modified standard definitions.
Standard Definitions Blank Form
System Z0a = ______________
Standard Label d
Max
Min
Freq
(GHz)
Loss (GΩ/s)
Delay (ps)
Fixed or Slidingc
C3 ×10−45 F/Hz3
C2 ×10−36 F/Hz2
C1 ×10−27 F/Hz
Offset
C0 ×10−15 F
Type
Number
Standardb
Coax or Waveguide
Calibration Kit Label: ____________________
Z0 Ω
Table A-4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
a.
b.
c.
d.
A-6
Ensure system Z 0 of network analyzer is set to this value.
Open, short, load, delay/thru, or arbitrary impedance.
Load or arbitrary impedance only.
Standard labels that specify sex, (m) or (f), refer to the sex of the analyzer’s test port connector.
85032B/E
Index
A
adapters, 1-3
part numbers, 6-5
Agilent Technologies, contacting,
5-3
alcohol
isopropyl
as cleaning solvent, 3-4
altitude, 2-2
B
blank form
standard class assignments, A-3
standard definitions, A-6
broadband loads, 1-2
C
cal kit
contents, 1-2
overview, 1-2
return to Agilent, 5-3
serial number, 1-5
calibration
bad, 5-2
certificate of, 1-3, 4-2
constants, 1-3
permanently stored, 1-3
limited, 1-3, 4-3
standards, 2-5
temperature, 2-2
calibration constants
entering, 1-3
permanently stored, 1-3
calibration definitions, 1-3
calibration kit
contents, 1-2
overview, 1-2
return to Agilent, 5-3
serial number, 1-5
calibration label
part number, 6-5
calibration report, 4-2
calibration sticker, 4-3
center conductor
protrusion, 3-7
recession, 3-7
certificate of calibration, 4-2
certification
specifications, 2-5
characteristics
mechanical, 2-3
supplemental, 2-3
class assignment
standard, A-2
class assignments
blank form, A-3
85032B/E
cleaning connectors, 3-4
cleaning supplies, 1-3
ordering, 6-5
part numbers, 6-5
compressed air or nitrogen , 3-4
conductor
mating plane, 2-3
conductor
protrusion, 2-3
recession, 2-3
connecting the two-piece female
open, 3-14
connections, 3-2, 3-12, 3-15
cautions in making, 3-12
disconnecting , 3-15
ESD concerns, 3-12
final, 3-12
how to make, 3-12
preliminary, 3-12
two-piece female open, 3-14
undoing, 3-15
using a torque wrench, 3-12
connector
cleaning, 3-4
cleaning supplies, 6-5
damage, 3-3
female, 3-4, 3-10
gage
dial, 3-7
gaging, 3-6
when to do, 3-7
life, 3-3
male, 3-8
mating plane, 3-5
sex, 1-6
threads, 3-4
visual inspection, 3-3
wear, 3-3
connector gage
handling, 3-8, 3-10
master, 3-8, 3-10
reading, 3-7
zeroing, 3-8, 3-10
connector gage accuracy, 3-6
constants
calibration, 1-3
entering, 1-3
permanently stored, 1-3
contacting Agilent Technologies,
5-3
contents
kit, 1-2
D
damage
shipment, 1-4
to connectors, 3-3
damaged connectors, 3-3
data, recertification, 4-2
defective connectors, 3-3
definitions
standard, A-4
deviation from nominal phase, 2-5
device
conductor
mating plane, 2-3
connecting, 3-12
disconnecting, 3-15
handling, 3-15
maintenance, 1-6
part numbers, 6-5
pin depth, 2-3
return to Agilent, 5-3
storage, 3-15
temperature, 2-2
visual inspection, 3-3
devices
how Agilent verifies, 4-2
serial numbers, 1-5
dial
connector gage, 3-7
dimensions
device
center conductor, 2-3
outer conductor, 2-3
disconnecting the two-piece
female open, 3-14
disconnection
two-piece female open, 3-14
disconnections, 3-15
documentation warranty, ii
E
electrical characteristics
supplemental, 2-5
electrical specifications, 2-5
electrostatic discharge, 3-2
supplies
part numbers, 6-5
when making connections, 3-12
environmental requirements, 2-2
equipment
required, 1-3
but not supplied, 1-3, 6-2, 6-5
supplied, 1-2, 6-2, 6-4
ESD, 3-2
precautions, 3-2, 3-4
supplies
part numbers, 6-5
when making connections, 3-12
F
female open, 3-14
Index-1
Index
connecting, 3-14
disconnecting , 3-14
frequency
specifications, 2-5
frequency range, 2-5 , 4-3
G
gage
connector
dial, 3-7
handling, 3-8, 3-10
master, 3-8, 3-10, 6-5
reading, 3-7
zeroing, 3-8, 3-10
gage master
part numbers, 6-5
using, 3-8, 3-10
gages, 1-3
gaging
female connectors, 3-10
male connectors, 3-8
procedures, 3-8
gaging connectors, 3-6
when to do, 3-7
H
handling, 3-15
humidity , 2-2
I
impedance
system, A-4
incoming inspection, 1-4
inspection
damage, 3-3
defects, 3-3
female connectors, 3-4
incoming, 1-4
mating plane, 3-3
visual, 3-3
isopropyl alcohol
as cleaning solvent, 3-4
K
kit
contents, 1-2
overview, 1-2
return to Agilent, 5-3
serial number, 1-5
L
label
calibration, 4-3
part number, 6-5
limited calibration, 4-3
Index-2
limited calibration, 1-3
requesting, 4-3
loads
broadband, 1-2
M
maintenance, 3-2
preventive, 1-6
maintenance of devices, 1-6
making connections, 3-12
manual
part number, 6-5
mating plane
conductor, 2-3
connector, 3-5
mating plane inspection, 3-3
mating plane surfaces, 3-5
mechanical characteristics, 2-3
mechanical integrity, 2-3
N
nitrogen, 3-4
nominal standard definitions, A-4
numbers
serial, 1-5
recording, 1-5
O
open-end wrench, 1-3, 3-15
part number, 6-5
opens, 1-2
opens and shorts, 1-2
options, 1-3
ordering parts, 6-2
P
part numbers, 6-2
parts
ordering, 6-2
replaceable, 6-2
required but not supplied, 6-2
performance verification, 4-2
fail, 5-2
permanently stored calibration
definitions, 1-3
pin depth, 2-3
definition of, 2-3
effect on electrical
specifications, 2-4
importance of, 2-4
observed limits, 2-4
typical values, 2-4
preventive maintenance, 1-6
protrusion
center conductor, 3-7
conductor, 2-3
R
reading connector gage, 3-7
recertification, 4-3
how often?, 4-3
interval, 4-3
limited, 4-3
what’s included, 4-3
where to send your kit, 4-3
recession
center conductor, 3-7
conductor, 2-3
regulations
environmental, 3-5
replaceable parts, 6-2
requirements
environmental, 2-2
return loss
specifications, 2-5
return, kit or device, 5-3
S
serial numbers, 1-5
devices, 1-5
recording , 1-5
service, 5-2
service tag, 1-4, 4-3, 5-3
sex
connector, 1-6
shipment
damage, 1-4
verifying complete, 1-4
shorts, 1-2
specifications, 2-2
altitude, 2-2
certification, 2-5
electrical, 2-5
environmental, 2-2
frequency, 2-5
humidity, 2-2
pin depth, 2-4
return loss, 2-5
temperature, 2-2
verifying, 4-2
standard class assignments, A-2
blank form, A-3
standard definitions, A-4, A-6
blank form, A-6
nominal, A-4
standards
calibration, 2-5
NIST , 2-5, 4-3
static discharge, 3-2
sticker
calibration, 4-3
storage, 3-15
altitude, 2-2
humidity, 2-2
85032B/E
Index
temperature, 2-2
supplemental characteristics, 2-3
supplemental electrical
characteristics , 2-5
supplies
cleaning, 1-3
system impedance
setting, A-4
T
tag
service, 1-4, 4-3, 5-3
temperature
calibration, 2-2
device, 2-2
error-corrected temperature
range, 2-2
measurement, 2-2
operating range, 2-2
verification and measurement,
2-2
test data, 4-2
threads
connector, 3-4
torque wrench, 1-3, 3-12
part number, 6-5
specifications, 3-12
traceability, 4-2
troubleshooting , 5-2
two-piece female open, 3-14
V
verification
performance, 4-2
temperature, 2-2
visual inspection, 3-3
W
warranty, documentation , ii
wrench
open-end, 1-3, 3-15
part number, 6-5
undoing connections, 3-15
torque, 1-3
part number, 6-5
wrenches
part numbers, 6-5
Z
zeroing
connector gage, 3-8, 3-10
zeroing connector gage, 3-8,
3-10
85032B/E
Index-3